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Before proceeding to the designated survey site, the lab instructor should be consulted with respect to the following curve elements which will be needed to define the circular curve to be laid out: a.) Radius of the curve (R) b.) Intersection or deflection angle (I) c.) Stationing of the point of intersection (PI) 2. Similarly, the different elements of the circular curve such as: T, L, LC, E, M, and the stationing of the PC and PT should be predetermined by calculations. The computations should also include the deflection angles and chord lengths which will be needed when staking out the curve by half station intervals. The accompanying sketch in the preceding page is given to serve as reference for the different abbreviations and terminologies used in this exercise. 3. All values needed to lay out the curve should be tabulated accordingly. Refer to the accompanying sample format for the tabulation of required field data.

STATION

POINT

DEFLECTION ANGLE (D,M,S)

CHORD LENGTH (M)

CURVE DATA

4. Set up and level the instrument at the designated vertex or point of intersection (PI). 5. Establish on the ground the PC by laying out with a steel tape, the computed tangent distance (T) from the PI. The intersection angle (I) at the PI and the distance carried through the forward tangent will also be needed to set a stake at the PT. 6. Transfer and set up the instrument at the PC. At the PC, lay off the total deflection angle from PI to PT and check if the stake previously set up at the PT is along the line of sight. If it doesn t check, an error exists in either measurement or computation. As an added check, stake out the midpoint of the curve before beginning to set intermediate stations. By bisecting the angle (180I) at the PI and laying off the external distance (E), the midpoint can be established. A check of the deflection angle from the PC to the midpoint should equal to I/4. 7. To establish the first curve station, first set the horizontal circle reading of the instrument to zero and sight along the back tangent. Then turn the instrument about its vertical axis and lay off the required sub-deflection angle and the corresponding chord distance for the first station. Set a hub to mark the located station.

now lay out the next chord length from it. the closing PT should be staked out using the final deflection angle and sub-chord. With the first station already established. 9. When the final station is established. . to determine the disclosure in laying out the curve.8. 10. Also set a hub to mark this located station. Repeat the process of locating succeeding stations on the curve by laying out the computed deflection angles and the chord distances from the previously established station. Do this until all the required stations of the curve are laid out and properly marked on the ground. and locate the second station on the intersection of the line of sight (defined by the next deflection angle) and the end of the chord.

CE 411 ENGINEERING SURVEYS FIELD PROCEDURE FOR LAYING OUT A SIMPLE CURVE SUBMITTED TO: MRS. KAREN ELNAS-TRINIDAD SUBMITTED BY: MON CARLO D. FREJOLES .

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