Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE

New book from Genealogical Publishing Company
has everything you need to know about social networking in genealogy

Drew Smith

This book describes the wide array of social networking services that are now available online and highlights how these services can be used by genealogists to share information, photos, and videos with family, friends, and other researchers. Each chapter guides you through a unique category of social networking services using genealogy-related examples. From blogs and wikis to Facebook and Second Life, author Drew Smith shows you how to incorporate these powerful new tools into your family history research. Specifically, you’ll find chapters devoted to the following social networking concepts and services: • • • • • • • • • • • • Blogs Collaborative editing Genealogy-specific social networks General social networking (Facebook) Message boards & mailing lists Photos & video sharing Podcasts RSS feeds Sharing personal libraries Tags Virtual worlds Wikis

THE AUTHOR Drew Smith, MLS, is an academic librarian with the University of South Florida in Tampa. An expert in digital genealogy, with a lifelong interest in family history research, he is Director of the Federation of Genealogical Societies and President of the Florida Genealogical Society of Tampa. He is also a regular contributor to Digital Genealogist magazine and is co-host of the weekly Genealogy Guys Podcast.

We invite you to subscribe to "Genealogy Pointers," the free weekly enewsletter produced by, the online home of Genealogical Publishing Company (GPC) and Clearfield Company. GPC and Clearfield are the oldest and largest publishers of genealogy reference books and CDs in the world. Every issue of "Genealogy Pointers" is full of special product offers and excellent tips for tracing your roots. "Pointers" readers are also the first people to learn about new products from our publishing companies. To get an idea of what our free e-newsletter has to offer, you can view the most recent issue of "Genealogy Pointers" at The newsletter includes a terrific listing of free websites you can use to track down living relatives, a oneweek sale on Midwestern books and CDs, an essay on some of the major reference books in royal and noble genealogy, and even a preview of the kinds of articles you will find on our blog, We hope you enjoy reading the newsletter and then decide to subscribe to "Genealogy Pointers." To do so, simply CLICK HERE or go to our Home Page ( and click on the "Genealogy Pointers" link on the left side of the screen.












Partial List of Our Publishing Partners Archive CD Books Australia. Come join us in our mission to bring the world’s best genealogical records together online. United States Genealogical Publishing Company Gould Genealogy AllCensus British Origins Everton Publishers NewspaperARCHIVE Eneclann Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild The Statue of Liberty — Ellis Island Foundation E-Yearbooks Familias Argentinas FindAGrave Godfrey Memorial Library Quintin Publications Simmons Historical Dundurn Group Find My Past By partnering with premier content providers throughout the world WorldVitalRecords..3 billion records. Canada. Inc.3 Billion Records to Find YOUR Ancestors Census | Birth | Death | Marriage | Biography | Military | More .com. International Parish Register Ryerson Index Queensland Family History Society Inc. And Many More . .Your Gateway to The World of Genealogy Search 1. . has been able to offer affordable access to more than 1. A Service of FamilyLink.

Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE William Dollarhide .

Suite 260 Baltimore. or by any information storage or retrieval system. including photocopying. 3600 Clipper Mill Road. Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 2006924535 International Standard Book Number 0-8063-1770-1 Made in the United States of America .Copyright © 2006 William Dollarhide All Rights Reserved Published by Genealogical Publishing Co. electronic or mechanical. without permission in writing from the author and publisher in any manner whatsoever except in cases of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews. Maryland 21211 No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means.. Inc. recording.

Preface ............................................................................................................ 7 How to Start .................................................................................................... 9 Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7. Family Interviews ..................................................................... 9 Contact Other Relatives ........................................................... 10 Get the Death Certificates ........................................................ 11 Follow up Death Records ........................................................ 12 Federal Census Search ............................................................. 15 Billions of Names—Find One ................................................. 17 Family History Library Catalog Search ................................... 19

Where to Find More ...................................................................................... 21 Search for Book Titles on the Internet .................................................. 21 Important Genealogy Websites to Bookmark ....................................... 22 Lineage-Linked Sites ............................................................................ 24 Genealogical Software and GEDCOM Utility ..................................... 25 Find More at the National Archives ...................................................... 26 Regional Archives and Other Facilities ................................................ 26 Genealogy Resource Centers in the States .................................................... 29 Research Help for the Addicted .................................................................... 51 Professional Researchers ....................................................................... 51 Genealogy Magazines ........................................................................... 52 Online Genealogy Newsletters & Blogs ............................................... 52 The Top Twenty Reference Books for Genealogists ............................ 53 Master Forms ................................................................................................. 57 Family Data Sheet ................................................................................. 58 Pedigree Chart ....................................................................................... 60 Family Group Sheet .............................................................................. 62


Books by William Dollarhide
Published by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore: Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920
(with William Thorndale) (1987)

Managing a Genealogical Project (1988) Genealogy Starter Kit (1st ed., 1993; 2nd ed., 1998);
also published under the title Getting Started in Genealogy (2001)

New York State Censuses & Substitutes (2006) Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE (2006) Published by Heritage Quest, North Salt Lake, Utah: Seven Steps to a Family Tree (1995) Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735–1815 (1997) British Origins of American Colonists, 1629–1775 (1997) America’s Best Genealogy Resource Centers
(with Ronald A. Bremer) (1998)

The Census Book: A Genealogist’s Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules, and Indexes (1999) Grow a Family Tree! (2001)


If you ever wanted to trace your American family tree, this book will help you do it. Genealogical research is a process of discovering where written facts about your ancestors can be found. It has been said that over half of human knowledge is knowing where to find it. But that was before the Internet. Now we know where to find it. The object of this book is to reduce the process of genealogical research to its most basic elements, enabling the raw beginner to be brought up to speed in no more time than it takes him to read a handful of pages. At the same time it is a one-stop resource book for the practicing genealogist, providing in one convenient place the names and web addresses of essential record repositories. This book begins with a How to Start section outlining a unique seven-step system for gathering facts essential for any genealogical project: interviewing family members, contacting relatives, writing for death records, following up on death records, census searching, name searching, and Family History Library searching. These are the building blocks of genealogical research, the only prerequisites demanded of the researcher. A Where to Find More section follows, giving the websites of the most important genealogy “look-up” sites, lineage-linked sites, genealogical software/GEDCOM sites, and a list of the various branches of the National Archives and their web addresses. A comprehensive listing of Genealogy Resource Centers in the States comes next, giving the websites of the most important genealogical collections in libraries, archives, and genealogical societies for all states, followed by a Research Help for the Addicted section, with a listing of research firms, genealogy magazines/newsletters, and the most important genealogy reference books. In the back of the book are Master Forms used to keep track of the information gathered—specifically a Family Group Sheet, a Pedigree Chart, and a Family Data Sheet— all designed for making photocopies as needed. In a world choking on information, where prodigious feats of learning are required just to function, where explanations turn into textbooks, isn’t it a relief to find all the right stuff in just 64 pages!



dates. You may discover that others in your immediate family have different stories to If someone in your family has ever done genealogical research. you may already have their postal addresses. sisters. marriage. After doing this you should have a pretty good idea of what you know and. Online: Have you tried a Google™ search of your name? See what happens when you use your father’s surname and mother’s maiden name together. or e-mail. start with these steps: What Do You Need to Start? There are three things you need to know about someone to pursue his genealogy. When? An approximate date for a genealogical event (a date of birth. grandparents. If you receive and save Christmas cards from relatives. more importantly. is important. and on and on—all because you know the place of death. If you know all three items for an ancestor in your pedigree you can obtain much more information. for example. before jumping into the billions of names listed on the Internet. and places. Sketch a similar diagram on scratch paper or make a photocopy of the chart and then try filling in the blanks with names. including a maiden name for a woman. voter registrations. married. The place is the key element in doing genealogy. for example. Compare your memories with the memories of your brothers.) is needed to locate a person somewhere within a certain time period. there is a chance that you can find the results of that research on the Internet. or when you find evidence of residence. a church record. by telephone. death. Start with your immediate family members—in person. Where? This is the most important one—it is the place where a person was born. Go to: www. and so In a large family. if you know that your grandmother died in California in 1984. marriage.How to Start What Do You Know? In the back of this book is a form called a Pedigree Chart. They are the three “W’s”: 1. When (a date) 3. but it can be an overwhelming experience without going through some steps to refine your research project. Who (a name) 2. residence. Where (a place) Who? A full name. such as land records. then a funeral record. you can get a death certificate.) Or. (You would have to know the place he was born to know where to write. or any other living relatives. what you don’t know about your ancestry. or died. a cemetery sexton’s record. etc. the experiences and memories of the oldest child may be quite different . you can send for a copy of his birth certificate. 9 Step 1 Family Interviews The first step is to find clues by interviewing members of your family. For example. Therefore. because that is where the records are stored today. parents. lived. or burial. social security record. a tombstone inscription. tax lists. if you know that your father was born in Alabama in 1932. Finding genealogical references to a person begins when you discover the jurisdiction where a written record was first recorded—a record of birth. The Internet is going to be your main source for collecting information. Write in the names and details using your memory only.

The Family Group Sheet is a very important tool. Always ask about the places where people lived. perhaps there’s an old journal from the family farm business.msn. or sending off an e-mail message. Cousins sharing the same grandparents may have completely different memories and impressions. and see what kind of family . keep a record on the Pedigree Chart. greatgrandparents. and so on. Are there family photo albums? Are there old letters sitting in a trunk somewhere? Are there any family papers of any kind? Insurance papers? Think of things that are in your home or close relatives’ homes that may give Dad’s name or Grandma’s recipes. The dates and places where brothers and sisters were born will show the movements of the family. By showing the brothers and sisters of your grandfather. the Family Group Sheet is a place to identify your ancestors as parents with all of their children. with all of the facts about each member of that family. grandparents. and places for each brother or sister of your parents. cities. Begin your note-taking with the idea that someone besides yourself may read them someday. married. try to organize the notes in some logical order. when you did the work. Step 2 Contact Other Relatives Your homework should reveal names of other relatives. they are branches of the tree that may lead you to a common ancestor (they all share the same ancestors as you). you will have a worksheet for a family group. Note taking. See if a reunion is possible. or died. You may be better at keeping notes in your word processor. This is how we have success in genealogy. the place is the key. jot things down in such a way that the notes can be copied later onto 81/2" × 11" sheets. a Family Group Sheet should be started. Again. Online: Can you locate phone numbers or e-mail addresses for your close family members? How about a “White Pages” look-up. understanding the place is the key to finding any written evidence of a person’s life. Collect and record any information you learn from the interviews. But whether you write it by hand or type the information into a computer file. Try to obtain the names. Interview questions. counties. Suggestion: start a file with notes for one surname. See if you can visit cousins in person. etc. Who ended up with Great-Grandmother’s old Bible? Has the family ever been mentioned in a book? Maybe an old history of Jefferson County? Is there a famous person to whom you are supposed to be related? And be sure to ask everyone in your family if they know of anyone who has ever done genealogical research on any part of the family tree. yet they share the same parents. Thus. As you gain more information.10 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE from those of the youngest child. Your cousins are sources to you now. lived. An important rule that should be followed as you fill in the charts is to treat the brothers and sisters of your ancestors as equals. This is because they share the same for their free directory look-up—but there are many others. you will have more places (towns. These notes will prove invaluable as you gather what you know about your family. either by writing a nice folksy “long-time-no-see” letter. For each married couple shown on the Pedigree Chart. We identify a complete family group. for example. countries) to find written evidence relating to the parents—your ancestors. If you tend to scribble and take notes on napkins or scraps of paper. Start keeping notes on standard sheets of paper that can go in a standard loose-leaf notebook. who you contacted. Use the key words “white pages directory” in a Google search to find them. Moving back to the next generation will be much easier if you have more than just your direct ancestors to use for records and sources. Here is the place you can identify all of the children of an ancestor. Record the family data. states. along with their marriage dates and places. Try www. These may be distant cousins or a great-aunt you really do not remember that well. Remember. By understanding where each child was born. You need to contact them. Include notes to yourself about the research. Another form in the back of this book is a Family Group Sheet. While the Pedigree Chart only identifies direct ancestors. dates. using your telephone. Include the names of spouses of these siblings too.

you may learn the name of the person’s spouse. you will learn the deceased’s social security number. But if your name is Johnson—have you considered going into stamp collecting? Sorry. where detailed information about accessing death records can be found. the date the records begin. there may be restrictions based on the length of time since the death occurred. etc. That means you should attempt to get a death certificate for uncles. On more recent death certificates. supported by most of the state vital statistics offices with frequent updates. and all but a few states have vital records from about 1910 forward. Each generation back in time should reveal more relatives. such as copies of photographs of their very own grandfather (who happens to be your grandfather. knowing a name. Generally. Offer to share any information you learn with them. you will learn more information about your own ancestors. territories or possessions—with links to vital records offices in many countries around the world. The standard death certificate form for all states includes important information about the deceased. Even with a name like Johnson. Step 3 Get the Death Certificates After you have gathered everything you can from your relatives. . and all U. Remember the rule of treating brothers and sisters of your ancestors as equals. aunts. giving some information about your ancestors. the cemetery where the body was interred. Many successful genealogical projects were started by just contacting people with the same name.. should be enough to locate a person’s death certificate. and any other information you can add. or death record. You do not need to know the city or county where a person plus the District of Columbia. approximate date of death. so that a query can be recognized for any possible connection. To make contact with a person with a surname like Johnson. Add the names of a spouse. grandparents.S. however distant. Usually. the fee for obtaining a birth. great-uncles. just kidding. add full names. parents. Most of the state vital records websites give you the means of ordering a copy of a vital record online. however. Before that. the certificate includes the name of the person’s father and maiden name of the mother. with secure online payment using a credit card. and great-aunts. your Pedigree Chart should have a few more details than when you first started. divorce.How to Start • 11 memorabilia they may have. The exact date and place of birth and death should also be on the certificate. It is now time to send for copies of death certificates for any of your parents. the funeral director. marriage. You will be able to find the vital records office of interest. Besides the cause of death. In addition. You can create a letter or e-mail message that you copy and send out to those you can locate with that name. is a valuable way to add more details about your own ancestors. spouse. This can really pay off. in addition to parents and grandparents. death records are open to the public if the request is from a direct descendant of the person who died. All fifty states are represented. This is one of the best free-access websites anywhere. too). You are related to someone because you share one person as a common ancestor. or children. Identifying relatives. An unusual or uncommon surname (your last name) is a benefit. If you take these steps. You can find other people with that name using phone books or city directories. or close relatives who have died. Online: Go to www. time period. Today the best way to look up someone is to use the many “White Pages” available on the Internet. this is an easy thing to do. and an exact place where your own Johnson lived. For other relatives. Statewide registration of vital records started during the period 1900– 1920. such as parents. and asking if they know of a connection to themselves.vitalrec. and the “informant” (the person who provided the information for the death certificate). If you know the state in which the person died. grandparents. and a direct link to a website. you may have to pay extra to have the state vital records office search a span of years for a person who died. death records may be available from a county courthouse. you can have success writing letters and sending e-mail messages. children.

If the date of birth precedes statewide registration (about 1900–1920).) If you answer “Consumer” in the registration form.). particularly if all you know is the state where a person died. you often pick up the names of relatives to the deceased not mentioned in other records. etc. A death certificate may mention the name of a funeral director. (those where burials are still done). and you need more than one document (for every genealogical event) if you ever want to have the proof of relationship. The National Yellow Book of Funeral Directors. Since the one piece of information you can count on is the place the person died. Putting these other items of evidence together is how you prove something. Someone else did it. To get an address and phone number for a funeral home anywhere in the U. and phone number of every funeral home in North America. Both of these directories are online at the Nomis website: www. (Funeral homes rarely go out of business With a death certificate in hand. and it is updated every 12 months. you need the death certificate to get the other evidence relating to a person’s death. but if you designate yourself as an “Educational Professional” you will be accepted. For each death record. So even if the name of the funeral home from a death certificate does not appear in any modern listing.vitalrec. recorder. html. One document. Nomis also publishes a directory of active cemeteries in the U.funeralnet. Since there are several types of records relating to a person’s death. or just one source is not site and locate a state.S. the funeral director will have this information. plus a search for active cemeteries and a limited supply of newspaper obituaries. Next.g. they are more often taken over by another. Funeral directors are usually very easy to talk to and cooperative (they want your family’s business). At this point you may have enough information about a married couple to obtain a copy of a marriage record. the next step is to follow up what you have learned from the death certificate. Under that state will be listings of all counties with the local vital statistics registrar (county clerk. And. Even if you have exact death information for a person from family sources. including the exact location of the plot.S. This directory gives the name.yelobk. These records may have details not found anywhere else.. It is estimated that 20 percent of all death certificates have a mistake on them. Nomis wants you to register to use the website. e. Online: The National Yellow Book is published by Nomis Publications of Youngstown. Step 4 Follow up Death Records When Grandpa died. you can send for a copy of a birth certificate. you will be taken to another free funeral website: www. or Canada. If the name of a cemetery was not mentioned on the death certificate.) . you still need to get a copy of a death certificate. You can contact a funeral home and ask if there are records concerning a person’s death and funeral service. a birth record may still be available from a county courthouse near the place the person was born. Ohio. Get a funeral record. If the death certificate gives a date and place of birth. you need to follow up any clues you learn and get some other records: Get more vital records. including those that may have changed their names since a death certificate was issued. Funeral directors are well versed on other funeral home businesses in their area. You need a document that you can cite as the source of the information. one memory. a funeral director in the immediate area can probably tell you what happened to the records of that old mortuary.12 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Why a death certificate? Because it is the starting point for learning an exact place of death. address. Someone else may not have known all the facts. call or visit a funeral director in your area and ask to use his directory of funeral homes. he had very little to do with the information written on his death certificate. (It may be a stretch. and they limit access to those involved in the funeral industry. you will now have some very specific and necessary tasks to do. the same office is the keeper of divorce records. This site has the same database of funeral homes supplied by The National Yellow Book. Online: Go to the most with direct links to the local website.

“Jerns Funeral Bellingham. With the modern name and address in many include obituaries. Get a cemetery record.g. Obscure inactive site to find an address.S. but if not.e. Every library in the U. click on “Domestic Names” and then “Search Get an obituary. and the gravestone inscription may be revealing as well. etc. do a Google search to see if that cemetery office has its own website. Funeral directors are also experts on the location of cemeteries in their area. The place names taken from the USGS topographical maps and indexed in the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) are the most complete and comprehensive of any place name database. From this database it is possible to print a detailed USGS topographical map of the area. including towns. Geological Survey. published by R. i.. although most of these cover only a short time in the recent past. Or visit the www. and this database is how you find the exact location.webjunction. date of death. which leads to the next item: GNIS” to go to the query form. cemetery. Go to your own library and ask for the American Library Directory. Bowker. etc.000 entries meeting that key word criteria. If a person died within the last 30 years or so. Get the address for the library nearest the place your subject died and write a letter requesting a copy of that person’s obituary from a local newspaper. Included are named features found on the maps. you are in luck.yelobk. There are many old obituaries extracted and indexed on the Internet. When you contact the funeral home. e.html.000 named cemeteries.” Such a search will bring up the website itself. Provide the full name. the death certificate includes his social security number. and place of death (from the death certificate). If you believe your subject died in Oregon. Most libraries will do this type of look-up for you. streams. try a Google search using the key words “obituary index Oregon” to see what comes up. can be located in a database provided by the U. you should be able to find its e-mail address as well. Online: A special website that provides direct links to libraries is the Libweb site (Library Servers via WWW) directories/online_directories.) Also. the cemetery is now a source of information. If the cemetery is mentioned on the death certificate or found in the funeral director’s records..). If so.S. They may be on microfilm.—and over 100. You can immediately send for a copy of the deceased’s original application for a social security card. If you can find a website for a particular funeral home. including the exact latitude/longitude location of the cemetery. include a self-addressed stamped envelope (SASE) as a courtesy. the nearest courthouse. If you write to a funeral director.R.funeralnet. Get a Social Security record. and to make it easy for him to return something to you.. mountains. Send off a message asking for help.usgs. Old newspapers from the town where the person died are usually available in the local library. Online: check the directory of active cemeteries listed at the Nomis site at: www. Most library websites have a place to e-mail questions to them. see if that business has its own website. the nearest school. All you need is the name of the cemetery and the feature (cemetery) to initiate a search for that name. At the Main Page. place of death. Go to: http://geonames. or at least know who might be the keeper of records for the cemetery. as well as any reference to that funeral home from some other source (such as a genealogical report that lists names of people. Inc. called a form SS-5.How to Start • 13 With the exact modern name and place of the funeral home. Try a surname from your Pedigree Chart: many rural cemeteries were named for the first family donating land. funeral home. Use the map to find other genealogical resource centers near the cemetery. There may be a record at the office of the cemetery. ask about the cemetery where the person was buried and whether they have an address or phone number for the cemetery office. look for websites for newspapers. etc. A newspaper obituary was probably published soon after the person’s death. has this book. (Google says there are 387. For any person who was . the nearest church. they may provide you with the names of local researchers who will do the work for a of New York. Do a Google search for the name and place. including small family plots located on old homesteads.

and so on. address at time of application. but there are a few omissions due to the handling of social security accounts for surviving spouses or for people who never had a social security number. All deaths reported to SSA are included. For example. The application was filled out by the person and includes his own signature. As you receive documents through the mail. KS-3. Jonnson. Online: The Social Security Administration provides an index to deaths that is open to the public.rootsweb. The SSDI is online at several websites. e. Any hit for a deceased person who looks like your subject allows you to click on “SS-5 letter. and even suspicious people).g. The search does not require the social security number and can be done just for the surname. This is primary evidence because it was written by the person himself. Jonsen.14 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE employed from 1936 forward. The surname search can be modified to include soundex spellings. last name. One notebook can be organized by the surname of the ancestor. middle name(s). Review. you could have one notebook on the Johnson ancestors (plus people who married into the Johnson family. And you will be gathering primary genealogical records that will prove every statement you make on a Pedigree Chart or Family Group Sheet. The fee for obtaining the SS-5 is mentioned in the letter. Use the name of any deceased person to get the letter. The letter also can be used to request a copy of the SS-5 for a person for whom you do not have a social security number. If you assign page numbers to your notes. the year SSA began computerizing its records. etc. but no proof of relationship). the Kansas Johnson notes in another group. Johnson. com/. you should follow up and obtain a copy of the deceased person’s birth certificate. your chances of getting this record are very good. then modify the letter to be specific to your subject. this is the best way to find out the social security number for a person who died. and social security number. and name and address of an employer. as well as a funeral record. an indexing system that groups names by their sound rather than exact spelling. date and place of birth. Piles of paper. Copy the letter to a word processor file and you have the means of printing and mailing the letter to the correct SSA address. In fact. In such cases. such as Johnson KS-1. the chances are very good you can obtain all of these follow-up records. grandparents. date and place of death.). and a social security SS5 record.genealogy. and possibly marriage and divorce records. great-grandparents. you need to file them (or copies of them) along with your research notes in a notebook. Even if your subject does not appear in the SSDI because the date of death was before 1962. KS2. One with free access is available at the RootsWeb site: http://ssdi. occupation. For any person who died during the 20th century. The SS-5 gives the person’s name. collateral ancestors. and places to the Pedigree Charts and Family Group Sheets. 2) collaterals (siblings and their spouses and descendants). From each document you obtain. Your note collection can include references to 1) ancestors (parents. And you will be rewarded with a great genealogical document. newspaper obituary.” which creates a custom letter to the Social Security Administration asking for a copy of form SS-5 for the selected person. you will have a “source code” that can be used on the Family Group Sheet. and as more records are added you can separate the notes and documents by the places people lived. Keep all three types together in the notes collection. The search form at this site includes a person’s first name. time period. etc. maiden name of mother. separate the Iowa Johnson notes in one group. you will learn something new about the person. names of parents. etc. The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) is updated quarterly and includes the name of nearly every person in America who died since 1962. From the notes collection you will be able to add names. name of father. Then. you need to add as much information about the person as possible: date and place of birth. After you have a death certificate.. cemetery record. and place of residence. Refer to the backside of the Family Group Sheet form at the back of this book to see how “References” can be identified. and 3) suspicious people (those who have the right name. and so on. separated by the place where the record originated. the online index at the RootsWeb site can be useful for creating the letter asking for a copy of the SS-5 form. . dates.

From 1880 on. This indexing system allows you to find a person in the census whose surname can be spelled different ways. The many thousands of original population schedules from the 1790 through 1930 censuses have been microfilmed and made available to archives. are now located at the National Archives in Washington. in 1920. the United States Constitution has a provision that a nationwide census of the population shall be taken every ten years. because the first five censuses (1790 through 1840) not only counted the population. children. hired hands. the next step is to find the exact place where a person lived from the federal censuses. which have microfilms for all surviving censuses from 1790 through 1930. Indiana. on microfilm. and then coding the hard sounds of the remaining letters.S. the federal census was taken by listing the names of every member of a household. the census schedules list the names of each member of a family with their relationship to the head of the household. organized by state and alphabetically by the soundex code. Therefore. the 1930 does not have a complete soundex index like the 1920. The old census name lists survive for all censuses except 1890 (which was destroyed in a fire) and certain states for the period 1790–1820. Missouri. All state libraries/archives have complete sets of census microfilms for their state. and many have sizeable collections for surrounding states as well.) A soundex index is a method of indexing names by removing extra letters from a name that sound alike. Census records have become a major source for locating the place where an ancestor lived and. which has a unique soundex index to every head of household and for all states and territories. the latest federal census open to the public is the 1930 census. and even immigration information. 1790–1930. But the electronic files need the same organizational attention to “source codes” for each page of notes. they listed the names of the heads of households living in every state. such as an obituary that says your grandfather was born in Alabama. Larger city libraries may have at least their state’s census microfilms. adding the picture file to your word processor textual notes collection. And the original paper documents you gather need to be put in a safe place. This provision has become a boon for genealogists. one for each head of household. The cards now appear one after another on a roll of microfilm. . making the federal census schedules a tremendous source for finding families living in America. House of Representatives. Often the place indicated is the state and not the county. If you are near one of the facilities with all census microfilms. for census years after 1840. D. spouse. occupation. divorced. or a place of birth on a death certificate that says your great-aunt was born in New Jersey. And you will be collecting the records that may give a place where a person was born. or died. libraries.) A few other national library collections have all federal censuses. lived. Beginning in 1850. If any of your ancestors was living in the U. such as the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. Next. 1830–1930. (The 1930 census is online. as a result. and the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne. (Find these facilities at the www. and lists every member of the household by name. married. but for off line research.How to Start • 15 If you want to reduce the manual paper drudgery. The soundex index was originally prepared by the WPA in the 1940s on 3" × 5" cards. the best place to look is at one of the regional branches of the National website. as well as double letters and all vowels. the soundex Step 5 Federal Census Search You can now build on the information you have gathered so far.S. or individuals.archives. try scanning the image of each document. personal wealth. A federal law protects the privacy of any person named in a census for a period of 72 years.C. The federal census is how you find the name of the county in Alabama and New Jersey in which the events occurred. You may be able to look at these microfilmed census lists at a library near you. the Mid-Continent Library in Independence. learning about his date and place of birth. You will have success in finding primary documents for your immediate families. however. Complete surviving manuscripts of the censuses. the starting point is the 1920 census. education. To apportion the U.

Ancestry will try to sell you a subscription first. and any countywide census database can be accessed with a direct link from this site.familysearch. Name indexes included at HeritageQuest Online are only for the heads of households for most years. Federal Census by Year. and with the most every-name indexes. But there are many subscribing libraries that allow their patrons (those with a library card) to access the site remotely. 1790–1930.) Use this form to search for a single person and the results will show hits from all of the censuses. it is usually more efficient to search each census year separately.” Or do a Google search for a specific state and year. go to the main RootsWeb page at www. the name list will be endless. A compete searchable 1880 federal census is online at the www. many computerized name indexes to censuses were published in books. gives a list by state of every county.S.rootsweb. each item can be reviewed in more detail. including a link to the image of the census page on which a name appears. 1910. such as “1860 census online Iowa. Online: The scanned images of every page of all federal censuses. Even without a subscription. 1790–1930. only the 1900 and 1920 are complete indexes for every household in America. There are many details about families that can be learned from the census schedules. census-online. but the black and white images of every census page are often clearer and easier to read than the Ancestry grayscale set. www. This is the website for the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. This site is only accessible at a subscribing library or institution—there are no individual subscriptions. click on the “Search” tab at the top of the Ancestry Home Page screen. Therefore. does the same . Published statewide census indexes exist now for the period 1790–1860 for all states. which can be useful if the name is uncommon. There are other federal censuses online at various RootsWeb sites. This will bring up the categories of databases available. 1920. But for a name like James Johnson. For focused census searches. but the most important aspect of census searching is the ability to find precisely the place on the ground where someone are those at the www. and 1930 censuses each have a soundex index. To find site is also complete for all federal” Go to the second part of the census search The 1880. Click on “Websites. All census schedules from 1790 to 1930 are organized by the counties within each state or territory.censusfinder. Since these soundex and printed indexes are organized on a statewide basis. And as you begin to learn the residences where your ancestors lived. The first. A subscription (upwards of $200/year) is required to access Ancestry’s records and images. the Home Page for the Ancestry site has a search form for finding names of people in their various database collections. Before the advent of online census indexes. (Ancestry says they have over 4 billion names.16 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE index is the way to find them on a census page. including “US Federal Census. These book indexes are found in the same libraries and archives as the census microfilms. But to look at an individual record or image from the lists of names.ancestry. Check with your local library to see if they subscribe to the HeritageQuest Online databases and whether that library will allow remote access to it. The most complete.” There are two very useful websites designed just for finding census records online. 1790–1930. but they do offer a 14-day trial membership for site. The http://heritagequestonline. you will open the door to many more genealogical sources related to that place. all of which are finding tools. “Search a Specific U. you can use them to focus your search for a surname or narrow your search down to a specific county of residence. are online at several sites on the Internet. You can do a search for a name in the entire database of censuses. commercial site. In fact. where limits to a person’s approximate date of birth will help narrow down the search. 1900. and indexes for 1870 are partially complete. The other website. it was these printed census indexes that became the basis for most of the census indexes online today. 1790–1930. which will be described later.” After a search and subsequent list of names. Of these. But the results will also include names from many other databases.

state) of the event. and more. Census records will add more paper to your collection than any other site and the same page (scanned image) of the census schedule.000 entries. If you type just the first and last name and start the search. Piles of paper. This is the Home Page of the Family History Library (FHL) website. perhaps as many as 25. (No membership in Ancestry. think of a means of keeping them in notebooks where they can be revisited as needed. etc. death. and a place (U. i. A hit on a person listed here allows you to locate the name and address of the person who submitted the information. see what is new at each. An every-name extraction for all Canadian provinces and territories.How to Start • 17 thing in a slightly different format.e. such as European parish But try the search again by adding an event (birth. dates. The IGI has over 250 million entries for the U. but since the sites are updated at different times. The compact disc version (discs 1–105) of the Pedigree Resource File contains more family in- Step 6 Billions of Names—Find One Surfing the net to retrieve genealogical data starts with two important “look-up” websites designed specifically for initial genealogical research. American vital records. and the searches can be done using several distinguishing criteria. and the list can narrow to only a few hundred entries. A database containing over 105 million names online. searching for just a person’s last name will be rewarding. a range of years for the event. Therefore. A database of names. some with several generations. Here are the two main lookup services which allow you to search for a person by name. Since the census images are online at the Ancestry. The lists are nearly the same. You can test this by going to the FHL Home Page and searching for James Johnson. submitted by people from all over the world. An every-name index and extraction of the census which can be displayed on the screen for one individual or one family exactly the way the names appeared on the original handwritten census schedules. and Canada alone. and at least that many for all other countries.). and submitter information. Pedigree Resource File™. A collection of linked families. Several generations of your ancestry can be identified using census records alone. But for more common surnames. Starting with the 1930 census you will find your ancestors and you will be led to where they lived at the time of the 1920 census. you will be inundated with unknown people. either electronically as picture files or directly to your printer. with literally billions of names. adding them to your notes collection. A name search here takes you through the combined indexes of six major databases. so try not to place them on the pile.) 1881 Canadian Census. date of birth or death. . 1880 Federal Census..S. you can make copies of these pages. and residences of people extracted from a myriad of local resources. International Genealogy Index™. and separating them by surname and is required if the link starts at the FHL FamilySearch site. This online index includes individual records with events. Use both sites to find a countywide census extraction online. Identify the copies by assigning a page number. parent information. with records that have been submitted by individuals through the FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service.S. a shotgun approach to searching the Internet in the look-up databases still needs to be oriented to the Name— Date—Place criteria. Your census searching will be successful. Keep going and find your families as far back as possible. etc. and HeritageQuest Online sites. court records.familysearch. Here are the major databases included in the Family-Search look-up: Ancestral File™. exact spelling of a name or soundex spelling. place of birth or death. A family found here is hot-linked to the Ancestry. and place: www. If the surname is uncommon. you will be presented with an endless list of people with the name James Johnson worldwide.

Marriage & Death -Social Security Death Index -Obituary Collection -more . And with over one million paid and Ancestry. In any search the resulting list of names can be viewed. dates. Court. . Newspapers & Periodicals -Historical Newspaper Collection -Periodical Source Index -more . either by contacting the submitter or repeating the research they did to arrive at the relationships. This time go to the Home Page search. . and place to narrow down the number of names that will appear on the hit An active genealogist is destined to sign up for an Ancestry membership because the databases available are so unique and important to genealogical research. Land & Probate -Texas Land Title Abstracts -Middlesex. . You cannot extend your pedigree without documentation that proves a relationship. Be specific to a name. but access to the records or images requires a subscription. Directories & Member Lists -New York City Directory. and places of your ancestors. Ancestry ranks in the top ten of any website in the world. Birth. . . a membership is not required to search the databases for the names. Reference & Finding Aids -Genealogical Library Master Index -Ancestry Map Center -more . . You should have a pretty good handle on the names. and you are now responsible for confirming any relationships asserted in these files. . . . and places of every person on your Pedigree Searching the FamilySearch site is going to reveal more possible ancestors and collaterals. . Family Facts -Surname Distribution -Place of Origin -more . . . Based on the number of visits. . . perhaps more.ancestry. and rarely are sources cited for the information they submitted. An abbreviated category list includes the following: Census -US Federal Census -UK Census Collection -more . Immigration Records -New York Passenger Lists -Passenger & Immigration Lists -more . it is one of the most successful commercial sites of any kind. Another approach is to browse the record categories. Do a search for every ancestor on your Pedigree Chart and every member of a family from your Family Group Sheets. . . date. plus many records with notes and sources (but not all). . Extend these searches to every member of a family and you will be well on your way to a full genealogical presentation through at least four generations.18 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE formation. from the Social Security Administration. MA Probate Index -more . . You will find that many of the Ancestral File and Pedigree Resource File entries are names submitted by other genealogists. dates. . you will have collected more paper than you thought possible. Military -WWI Draft Registration Cards -Civil War Service Records -more . This version of the SSDI (unlike the one at the RootsWeb site mentioned in Step 4) is not linked to a “SS-5 Letter. www. Your first visit to the Ancestry site was to search the federal censuses. . After your census searches and those in the databases at FamilySearch.” but having the names integrated into the other databases is useful. Trees & Community -OneWorldTreeSM -Message Boards -more . . Remember. Family & Local Histories -AGBI -Slave Narratives -more . . 1890 -Early UK and US Directories -more . Social Security Death Index (SSDI). Within each category a name search can be done. So it is possible to survey the names of interest from the Ancestry site and then decide if a membership is warranted. .

such as wills. and historically. Type the name of a state first. Archives.5 million rolls of microfilm.141 counties in the United States. In addition. and vital records. the next step is to find out what resources are available to you from a U. you can call up a list of any books. or probate records.familysearch. check New York.) These topics relate to statewide records. Here is the place to determine which county records have been microfilmed. and marriage records. or death record may be there. Since the county of residence is the most important place for finding more information. there are tax lists.” In addition to nearly a half-million books on their shelves. Make a note of those that look like a place to continue looking for evidence of your ancestor in that county. Cemeteries. and so on. abstracted. estate papers.” Select the “Place Search” option. Some will be from the same county. Step 7 Family History Library Catalog Search Searching census records and the main look-up sites will provide precise information about a place of residence for a person. As a result. periodicals. birth. There are 3. military lists. It is now time to start a location search for more genealogical information in that county. public services at the county level are the most frequently used. This will take you to an alphabetical list of topics for that state. a researcher will discover that every county courthouse in America is an untapped treasure chest of information about the people who lived in that county. Operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. or perhaps extracted. maps. Look for resources that may include the name of your ancestor. military lists. which gives a query box to type the name of a place. make a list of every county identified as a place of an event from your Family Group Sheets. which has state censuses from 1825 to 1925. Think of it as a “to do” list. civil court records. Are there birth records? How about land and property records? Maybe there is a published history of the county. such as tax lists. licenses to engage in business or service. click on “View Related Places” in the top right hand corner of the state topic screen. so to look at a list of topics for one county of that state. or microfilm publications containing genealogical information for . voters’ registrations. Do this survey for every ancestor on your Pedigree Chart and for every member of a family shown on your Family Group Sheets. This will present an alphabetical list of the counties of that state. voters’ registrations. Even if a person lived in a county for just a few years. Select a county and you will be presented with a topic list for that county. Bibliographies. If a person ever bought land there will be a deed record in the courthouse. Online: Go to: www. this library is open to the public. Censuses. Business Records. and the array of genealogical resources found there can only be described as “astonishing. particularly the name of a county rather than just the name of the state.” then “Family History Library Catalog. For example. This is the Home Page for the Family History Library. but you may discover that there were state censuses taken in that state as well. At any state topic list you will note that the microfilmed statewide federal censuses are listed in detail. or indexed in books. original court records on microfilm. censuses and tax lists. (For example. marriage. but to be thorough. the equivalent of 6 million 250-page books can be found in over 2. Bible Records. These resources may include published histories for a county. a person’s birth. death.How to Start • 19 Next. including Almanacs. The best place resources (for the world) are found at a library in Salt Lake City. Utah. This time click on the tab for “Library.S. Many of these county courthouse records are on microfilm at the Family History Library (FHL) in Salt Lake City. county. registered cattle brands. and administrations. the chances are very good that his name is written down in a courthouse record of some kind. all available on microfilm. and a whole range of source material currently available. and it is the same place you visited earlier for a name search in the FHL databases. Using the online FHL catalog. Virtually all of the topics contain name lists.

knowing the right county of residence narrows the search for cemeteries. libraries. or town of the United States.” These are the seven steps in Getting Started in Genealogy Online. To locate one near you.20 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE any state. You will note that there is a thread that connects each step: the place where an ancestor lived. and other places where genealogical information is available about past county residents. when you discover a new name. This is how you start a genealogical project. territory. go back to your relatives for their memories. genealogical societies. For example. Outside the courthouse. Nearly all of the resources are available on interlibrary loan. and anyone can make use of a local Family History Center to borrow rolls of microfilm. museums. You should repeat the seven steps each time you identify a new ancestor. or for countries all over the world. go to the link at the FHL site Home Page for “Family History Centers.” . The new information may jog an old memory that did not surface the first time around. It is the most important ingredient needed to pursue your genealogy because the place is where records are stored today. county. “All I did was go on the Internet and ask for a printout of the Johnson Family.

but also used books available from affiliate sellers. “Genealogy and History of Montgomery County. good reason: the number of search hits is about double that of any other browser. Add the word “online” to the search criteria and see what www. www. To be successful in finding more genealogical information. most online searches should still be related to the Name—Date—Place a census index. a current auction with a detailed book description and indexed names can be found using the keyword search (advanced). In the Google search box. Here are the best websites on the Internet for finding genealogical publications: www. Without the quotes.. Keyword searching is possible for any The Google Advanced Search allows for more creative searching.barnesandnoble. specifying must words or phrases. and the resulting list is well presented.” limits the first hits to that exact phrase. you may find it thousands of times.Where to Find More After going through the seven steps for Getting Started in Genealogy Online there will still be holes on your Pedigree Chart. but refine the search to include “titles and descriptions. In fact. type in the full title of a book and you will find it. eBay has a growing number of auctions under the category “Everything Else > Genealogy. and there are many ways of finding almost any historical or genealogical book title online. and for . such as a county history. you can get the exact title of the book from your FHL catalog Enclosing the title in quotes. www. Virtually every book in print or recently out-of-print can be found at Amazon. New York. The FHL catalog search (Step 7) was a survey of the places of residence for your ancestors.g. There may be a greater number of CDROM publications at bargain basement prices here than anywhere else. an extraction of vital records. or using words from a title only. you can now begin a systematic search for these same resources that may be online. etc.ebay. mainly as a means of learning what records have been published in books or are available on microfilm at the Family History Library. You can search by author or title. But first. Barnes and Noble is the world’s largest bookseller. obscure genealogy titles can be found here. and vital records indexes. This is also a good place to find a bargain price for a used New books are listed. such as omitting certain words. And your Family Group Sheets will also need more details for each member of a family. you will get thousands of added hits for anything in which one or more of the words are relevant. The search engine at Google is the world’s most used browser. histories. You also can search some of the most important library collections through their online library catalogs. Search for any title or author to see if you get a With the “to do” list compiled from your FHL catalog search. You can search for a specific title using several generic browsers and other genealogical look-up browsers with great success.” Often. the most important genealogical look-up sites are identified below. 21 Search for Book Titles on the Internet If you want to find information about a particular book. particularly for CDs of census indexes. To do this.” If the seller provided an index to names in a book (many do). your “to do” list may include several published books.

000 historic newspapers from across the U. For people with New England ancestry. Easy to search. Narrow your search to just marriage notices or obituaries. Quickly gather background information on any place in the New York City. www. This is the online catalog page for the Library of Congress in Washington. D. fully cataloged online. and their online catalog at this site is the place to search.nypl.newenglandancestors.acpl. vital records. GPC is responsible for many of the primary research publications needed by genealogists. Search their online catalog to find one. www. including cemetery transcripts. This is the Home Page of the Godfrey Memorial Library of Middletown.. Quickly find obituaries. this source will give you the background information you need. articles. In addition to a unique American genealogy with more than index.280 feet (one mile) of shelves with books. from virtually all counties of the U. parents. Canada. Massachusetts. Early American Newspapers (Readex). allowing anyone remote access to special online resources not normally accessible outside of a library. Marquis Who’s Who. the online catalog of The New York Public Library. www.C.. This is the Home Page of the New England Historic Genealogical Society of Boston.cfm. A recent addition to their website is a name search to some 30 million names indexed from GPC’s 2.22 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE www. PERSI is a featured online database at both the Ancestry. total titles as far back as http://catalog. Major cities or obscure villages. The library has 5. Maryland.html. Locality searching here may bring up records found nowhere else.lib. Daughters of the American Revolution) in Washington.000+ libraries around the world. Columbia World Gazetteer. with articles dating back as far as the 1700s.genealogical. The catalog search enables you to find a book title by subject or author.C.2 million biographical sketches including more than 3 million spouses. Inc. Separate collections of more than 3. The premier library online catalog. most of which have never been published anywhere else. and the “to do” list you compiled can now be used to see . This is the online catalog of the DAR Library (National Society.S. The department also holds the largest English-language genealogy and local history periodical collection in the world. Ideal for quickly identifying the county for every city. Search more than 1.godfrey.loc.100 current subscriptions and nearly 10. It has become the primary source for digging up genealogical information published in periodicals—name and HeritageQuest Online sites. Included are these library-only online databases: OCLC Worldcat. Important Genealogy Websites to Bookmark The FHL catalog search was the start for finding resources relating to a state or county in the U. Name searches are available at the Home Page.. children. Publications are easy to locate here. www.dar. the UK. this site is a must. Search every word of these digital copies of America’s earliest http://catnyp. The ACPL Historical Genealogy Department includes the largest number of printed county histories of any American library. of Baltimore. cemetery extractions. This is the “Genealogy” page for the Allen County Public Library (ACPL) of Fort Wayne.. This is the website of the Genealogical Publishing Co.00). Individual names and articles may be accessed through the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI).S. D. It would stand to reason that the largest library in the world would have an excellent genealogy collection. or save. compiled by the department staff.000 books and CDs. What makes the DAR library unique is the thousands of submitted manuscripts from local DAR research teams all across the country. manuscripts. this library has annual memberships (for under $40. and original family histories. Indiana. Quickly find any book about your family among 58 million titles held by 30.S. This is CATNYP.htm. the largest publisher of genealogical titles in America. and newspaper data of all types. abstracted court records. print. and military lists. (GPC). military lists. Invaluable genealogical tool. Connecticut. More Newspapers. and the world.

at the Home Page. or links to a U. the exact title of a book is not -Cemetery Maps -Gravestone Photo Project (Source: USGenWeb) -The Political Graveyard (Source: The Political Graveyard) -Union County Iowa Cemetery Transcription & Photo Project (Source: The American History and Genealogy Project) -Union County Cemeteries (Source: ePodunk) -Union County Cemeteries (Source: Kim’s Cemeteries of the United States) -Union County Cemetery List (Source: Find A Grave) -WPA Graves Registration Survey Union County Census Records and Indexes (13) Directories -City Directories: Southern Midwest. if you are seeking something about the history of Montgomery County. Memoirs. Migrations through Montgomery County .S.” Adding “link” is an apt description of this remarkable compendium of the body of genealogical knowledge. all linked to a specific website.linkpendium. And since many of the Google search results will refer to the Linkpendium site.” one of the first Google hits listed will be the following: Linkpendium > Genealogy > USA > New York > Montgomery County.” followed by a county list. and RootsWeb. This site has a Plain Jane look about it. Using the keywords “History Montgomery County New York. For Cyndi’s List. http:/ /wikipedia. Click on any state to see the first item. click on “Localities: USA” to see the alphabetical list of states. In less than two years. with six times the number of websites and a simple concept of reducing all searches to just two categories: find a surname or find a place. Museums.5 million websites—links that lead you to websites specific to one surname.Where to Find More • 23 if any of these resources are available as online databases. There are several important websites where you can start this search. Archives -Family History Library Holdings (Source: Family History Library) -Union County Libraries (Source: Public Libraries Library Directory) -USGenWeb Archives (Source: USGenWeb) Mailing Lists and Message Boards Maps and Gazetteers (15) Military Records and Histories Newspaper Records .org/ (English) defines the word compendium as “a concise yet comprehensive compilation of a body of knowledge. “Statewide Resources. 1771 Tryon County New York (Source: Olive Tree Genealogy) · Family Files Surnames Department of History and Archives. Blizzards. For example. . A typical county list of resources may include the following: Linkpendium > Genealogy > USA > Iowa > Union County: Biographies. Diaries. locality where detailed genealogical information is available. World’s Fairs and other events Introduction and Guides -Cyndi’s List of Iowa locality links (Source: Cyndi’s List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet) -Union County Research Guide Iowa Genealogical Society -Union County Resources (Source: RootsWeb) -Union Genealogy (Source: GenDir) And there are more items under these categories: Land Records Libraries.S. Biographies Project) -Union County GEDCOM Index Cemeteries -Cemeteries of Union County (Source: Interment. Linkpendium turns out to be a powerful search engine for genealogical subjects. Oral Histories. Linkpendium has surpassed the standard genealogy site locator (Cyndi’s List). why not go there next? www. . including Linkpendium. Click on a county to see an excellent array of resources for that county. Genealogies. Floods. New York. Correspondence -Creston GEDCOM Index -Union County Biographies (Source: U. But there is nothing plain about a site that offers direct links to over 3. 1882–1898 includes Creston (Source: Genealogical Publishing Company and Clearfield Company) -Creston Directory 1889 (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) -Dodge Township 1876 Directory (Source: Kinyon Digital Library) -more directories History -1876 History of Union County (Source: Kinyon Digital Library) -National Register of Historic Places -Union County (Source: Wikipedia) -Tornados.

AfricanAmerican. Sites Library of Congress National Archives Social Security U. African-American. USGenWeb sites. Linkpendium has become a starting point to find specialized surname and locality sites on the Internet. The pedigree details from a GEDCOM file are then merged with linked lineages that have been submit- From the Main Category Index. Click on “Websites” to see the categories. Postcards. Civil War ~ War for Southern Independence U. and relationships/lineages for each tree are prepared by submitters in a special electronic format called GEDCOM (GEnealogical Data COMmunication). Historical Images Projects Surnames Web sites. Topical Category Index. www. first for the entire U.S. Africa. censuses. History—The Great Depression U. Military U. Thus.S. vital records. generated by a genealogical software system. Lineage-Linked Sites A “lineage-linked” database website is a place where genealogists can publish their pedigrees into a large database online. Billed as the oldest and largest free genealogy site. RootsWeb sites. RootsWeb is now owned and operated by Ancestry. Thus. Alaska. RootsWeb is also the host for The USGenWeb Project (www. Because it is organized by category rather than surname/ place.S. Help from Others. Archives. Austria / Österreich.S. Asia & The Pacific. History—Lewis & Clark U. Genealogical & Historical Societies U. Start at the RootsWeb Home Page to review the organization.S. and within each state. Ethnic Groups & People.cyndislist. but going to RootsWeb or GenWeb directly to do the search will bring up the latest entries. dates.S. and Migration. or indexes Main Category Index. Immigration. an integrated system of websites for presenting genealogical databases online. Alphabetical Category and so on). Searching Cyndi’s List may prove useful for certain categories that cannot be placed in either a surname or locality focus. then by state. obituaries. histories. It should be pointed out that a search in either Linkpendium or Cyndi’s List will directly link to all of the RootsWeb/ GenWeb locality databases. (Aberdeenshire. Adoption. Emigration. (Localities. and ePodunk county sites. Marketplace. both systems are manned by volunteers. Computers and the Internet. Adoption. and so on). The concept of both of these systems is to provide locality websites. But overall. History U.usgenweb. and anything else that can be of value to genealogists. Census U. and some of the latest databases may not be included in the main look-up lists yet. Cajun & Creole. based on the time and interest of the volunteers in each.—State Level Records Repositories: State Libraries.24 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Obituaries and Funeral Home Records Photographs. Linkpendium has combined all of the Web’s major genealogical locator services into one compendium. the standard look-up website for genealogical information since 1996. Australia.S. all of the RootsWeb/GenWeb sites are places where genealogy gets easier.S. And Cyndi’s List is international in scope. Alabama. and other material specific to a surname (33) Transportation and Industry Vital Records U. with thousands of links to websites focused on genealogy in European countries.S. An alphabetical listing by subject (Acadian. Africa. a website for each county. places. Courthouses . and so on). The names. “No Frills” Category Index. The RootsWeb/GenWeb websites are updated Inc. note that there are references to Cyndi’s List of localities.rootsweb. All of these references are to major look-up sites in their own right. here is an example of the organization for the United States Index: General U. Acadian. This is the Home Page for RootsWeb.—Vital Records In the above list of websites. This is Cyndi’s List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet. Cajun & Creole. Cyndi’s List offers several different category lists.. first for surnames and second for localities. because there are many online databases that can be searched. An alphabetical listing with no added notes. the databases vary from county to county. www.S. With the goal of digitizing genealogical name lists. Family History Library topics for a county.

WorldConnect Project.” If more than one genealogist submits an identical. analyzes the birth. A good review of the top ten genealogical software systems is at: http://genealogy-softwarereview. This software has a huge user base and is available as a free download from the Family History Library’s website. Over 22. Links may be to the parents of a person. and then displays the most probable matches for your ancestors. From RootsWeb. There are many published genealogies with blatant errors. yet they are often copied by genealogists as “the truth.000.toptenreviews. Information entered by members can be matched and merged with that of other members to create family trees.000 names. Provides its members with the ability to collaborate and build a worldwide genealogy database. Extensive coverage from European sources. one submitter may gain from information submitted by another—one who had more names. Some sophistication is used by the system to determine if a newly submitted person is the same as one already in the database. but more often links are to a spouse only. More than 400.000. As a result. The best way to access one of the linked lineage sites is to start at Cyndi’s List (www. To get the GEDCOM utility you need a genealogical software package that includes that utility.” In every case you should confirm the information and the sources and contact the submitter. all of the links found in one of the lineage-linked databases need to be taken as “possible” rather than “the truth.500+ GEDCOM databases. place of links.) Ancestry. all of the data is subject to confirmation. GenServ—Family The system provides notification of potential matches with data already contained in the database. Go to the Main Category Index and find the category “Databases—Lineage-Linked.Where to Find More • 25 ted by others. There are hundreds of genealogical software systems available on the market. A free database that allows people to publicly share their family trees with other researchers.) You will note that all ten systems reviewed are for Windows PCs only. The data mostly comes from GEDCOM files submitted by Ancestry members. there is no way for the lineagelinked system to know if the information is correct or not. This dataSM FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service— Search for Ancestors. because it depends on the veracity of the submitted information. Genealogical Software and GEDCOM Utility You need the GEDCOM utility to submit data to one of the lineage-linked databases. but there are just a few that have any great numbers of users. includes data hand-entered mostly by LDS—Ancestry World Tree. date of birth. (No membership required to access this database. pedigree. When this happens. and names of children is done to ensure the match is correct. A checklist of name spelling. The database comes from earlier handentered data (some 25–30 years old) rather than from recent GEDCOM file submissions. names of parents. International Genealogical Index. . or extended pedigrees.) Three of the software systems should be noted here: Personal Ancestry File™ (PAF). and marriage data. name of spouse. The searchable databases at the Family History Library’s Home Page include the following lineage-linked databases: Pedigree Resource File. death. but incorrect.000 names in 15. place of marriage. OneGreatFamily. such as printed family histories. (There are only a couple of systems for the Macintosh. More than 420. Pre-GEDCOM. Ancestral File. However.000 names.cyndislist. The main problem is that many of the pedigree links come from untrustworthy published sources. Family history files that have been submitted by registered users of the FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service.” which includes the following direct links: Ancestry. This is an ideal way to share your work and make contact with cousins you never knew about.000. The FHL invented the GEDCOM utility and it is included in PAF. date of marriage. base gathers family trees and family history records for millions of—OneWorldTree . (No membership required to access this database. or repeat the research done by the person who submitted the information.

e. This can be done with no loss of data. Inc. soundex and printed census indexes. The research centers (indicated with a ✩) have case files from the various federal district courts. Waltham. It’s a way of advertising your work and to find other people working on your surnames. and many more original records.26 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Family Tree Maker™. which describes the nature of the archival materials with the most value to ★ Northeast Region (Pittsfield). Frederick C. The largest selling software. But the GEDCOM utility has really proven its value as a means of submitting genealogical information to an online database. Archives I—Reference Branch.g. dates. every item can be converted to the GEDCOM format. Website: www. places. Both of these facilities have significant records of importance to genealogists. Pittsfield. plus all notes. or lineage. and children. 8th and Pennsylvania Ave. National Archives and Records Administration. After the data is entered into a software database. This facility also houses the Cartographic and Architectural section. Murphy Federal Center. The GEDCOM utility in RootsMagic compiles the information faster than any other software system. College Park. and two National Personnel Records Center facilities..C. including all names. including homesteads. Archives II—Reference Branch. it can be purchased from their site. passport applications. DC 20408. and the National Personnel Records Center facilities (indicated with a ✪) have military personnel records and federal employee personnel files. A product of Regional Archives and Other Facilities The National Archives and Records Administration recently reorganized by combining thirteen Regional Archives. and links to spouse. plus many other manuscripts.. (Basic version is about $30. This section also has drawings from patent applications.00 from the publisher at www. and public domain land entry files. The GEDCOM utility included in virtually all genealogical software systems has become the standard method of transferring linked genealogical files between computers. 8601 Adelphi Road. military and pension records.. and has custom-printed reports that can go to your word processor for editing. then decide to change to another system by exporting a GEDCOM file from the first system and importing the same file into a second system.) The GEDCOM utility built into FTM includes direct submission of files to the OneWorldTree database. RootsMagic™. family group. D. textual biographies. Massachu- . Washington. 1790–1930. This software is probably the easiest to use.W. with 65. which has the original topographic maps produced by the United States Geographic Survey beginning about 1888. SM genealogists. plus many other federal records. with over 2 million users.. In each regional archives branch (indicated with a ★) there is a reading room with all federal censuses. It has the best layout of a pedigree. National Archives and Records Administration.rootsmagic. on microfilm.. four Research Centers. Records include U. National Archives and Records or source references. area.archives.00. An excellent overview of the record groups in these facilities is in the book Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States. ★ Northeast Region (Boston). and general information about both archives is at the NARA website at www. National Archives and Records Administration. The two main branches of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) are in the Washington. federal censuses. a genealogist can start with any genealogical software system.S. a large collection of aerial photographs of the U. parents. This is the main branch of the National Archives. Available for about $30. descendancy.000 rolls of microfilm having importance for genealogical research. The two facilities are described below. As a result. ships’ passenger arrival records. N.archives. MD 20740.html Find More at the National Archives Finding genealogical records in their original form should start with the National Archives.S.

archives. Website: www. California.archives.html ★ Pacific Alaska Region (Seattle).html ★ Mid-Atlantic Region (Philadelphia Center City). National Archives and Records Administration.html ✩ Washington National Records Center. index.archives.html ★ Pacific Region (San Francisco). Website: www.archives. Website: www.archives.html ★ Pacific Alaska Region (Anchorage). National Archives and Records Administration.html ★ Pacific Region (Laguna Niguel) laguna/index.Where to Find More • 27 setts. Philadelphia.html ★ Rocky Mountain Region (Denver). Website: www. New index. Alaska. Denver Federal Website: www.archives. Saint Louis. Fort Worth. National Archives and Records Administration. Website: www. New York.html ★ Southeast Region (Atlanta).gov/centralplains/lees-summit/index. Philadelphia.html ✪ National Personnel Records Center. Seattle.archives.html ✪ National Personnel Records Center.html ✩ Great Lakes Region (Dayton). National Archives and Records Administration.html ✩ Central Plains Region (Lee’s Summit).archives. National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration. index. Anchorage. pittsfield/index. San nyc/index. Military Records Facility. Dayton. National Archives and Records Administration. Pennsylvania. Laguna anchorage/index.archives. Lee’s Summit. Website: www. Suitland. National Archives and Records Administration. Missouri.html Texas. Website: www. Website: www. Missouri.archives. National Archives and Records Administration. Website: www. Website: Denver. archives. seattle/index.html ★ Northeast Region (New York City). Illinois.html ★ Southwest Region (Fort Worth). Website: www. Website: www. . Website: www. Saint National Archives and Records Administration. Civilian Records Facility. East Point. National Archives and Records Administration. Website: www. Website: www. National Archives and Records Administration. Website: www.html ★ Central Plains Region (Kansas City). Georgia. National Archives and Records Administration.html ✩ Mid-Atlantic Region (Northeast Philadelphia). Kansas City. National Archives and Records Administration.archives. suitland/index. Website: www.archives. California. National Archives and Records index.html ★ Great Lakes Region (Chicago).

.28 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Genealogists enjoy the quiet. serene atmosphere of their local library as a place for research.

html Mobile Public Library. Birmingham. Go to the “Genealogy Guide to Resources” webpage: www. Birmingham Public Library. Includes a good historical collection of early Alaska settlers. Alabama. Alaska State Archives. libraries. This library houses genealogical and historical sources primarily for Alabama and the Southeast. and a starting point for genealogical research in all time periods of Alabama. and family folders. Special Collections & Archives. Visit the “Genealogy” webpage at: http:// library.samford. These facilities are the best genealogy resource centers in each The order in which they are listed suggests the way a genealogist might visit them for the best results in locating resource Samford University Library. Visit the “Genealogists & Historians” webpage at: www. the Irish Historical Collection focusing primarily on counties Cork and Kerry. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Birmingham. deeds. maps. and societies shown below for each state are listed because of their significance to genealogists.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States After surveying the national sources for evidence of your ancestors.bham.html# Genealogy Huntsville-Madison County Public Library. Probably the best collection of published materials for Alabama families.lib. a survey of the local. newspapers. Visit the “Local History and Genealogy” webpage at: www. or in a library or genealogical society. Go to the “Genealogy Resources” page at: www. Alabama.lib. Since original genealogical references are most often found today in a repository near the place where a person resided. Excellent genealogy and religious history collections. Every county represented with local records. Alabama. A very good genealogy department in its own building. The archives. the resources you need may be in a local. Montgomery. Visit the online catalog page at: http://hpl.html Draughon Library.html Alabama Department of Archives and History. Alaska Alaska State Library. us/genealogy/genealogy. or state Auburn ge.state. Alabama. usually to a “Genealogy Resources” webpage. and state sources comes next.mplonline. local historical and genealogical periodicals.lib. collections of Baptist and other denominations’ Alaska.state. county. maps. Juneau. periodicals. they don’t have manuscripts of local and family history.htm 29 . so you need to survey the records available at the local repositories. Alabama. Mobile. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: http:// library. Websites are given for each facility. county.state. and census records. This is the starting place for research in the earliest Alabama territorial and state records. Review the types of records accessible here.ak. A good collection of books. Although the Family History Library in Salt Lake City has a great number of these local records on microfilm. etc. Alabama. Juneau Alaska. A brief description of each facility’s collection explains why.

Arizona.cfm Southwest Arkansas Regional Archives of the Arkansas History Commission. Visit their website at: http://anchoragegenealogy. and newspaper clippings. the largest genealogical index in the state (the California Information File. Go to the “Historical Manuscripts and Photographs” webpage at: www. and Georgia en-route to Texas. University of Washington. This library has more historical material about western North America than any other Suzzallo Library. Review the resources at the Main Page: www.lib. Fayetteville. the Bancroft Collection is outstanding for early settlers. plus the entire South. histories. Tennessee. With 60 million historic manuscripts. black history. Visit the webpage for the “Pacific Northwest Collection” at: www. Arizona. Civil War. miners. Sacramento. us/is/genealogy/index. stagecoaches. and original statewide birth and death records. Arkansas. Many published materials relating to Arizona history. and genealogy. 1846– 1986).edu/specialcollections/ findingaids/indexnew. Special Collections. Phoenix.ark-ives. Has two divisions with significant genealogy collections: Arizona Law and Research Library Division (the State Library). Little Rock. Washington. diaries. manuscripts. Phoenix.southwestarchives.cfm Carl Hayden Archives. University of Washington. Go to the “Genealogy Collection” webpage at: www.washington. check out the Arizona Biographical Database available online at Locate county records. Visit the webpage for “Collections” and “Digital Collections” at: http://bancroft. Archives and Public Records. Go to the Main Page at: www. newspapers. Tempe. A very active group of genealogists who are always willing to help people looking for Alaska ancestors. The Pacific Northwest and Alaska coverage is outstanding. Arizona State University. archives/arizona. state history. Go to “Finding Aids to the Manuscript Collections” at: http://libinfo. Old Washington Historic State Park. org California State Library. Includes a collection of microfilm for all county vital records. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Visit their Main Page at: www. early collections/ Arizona History and Archives Division (the State Archives). Visit the “Arizona Collection” webpage at: www. A very good genealogy collection and one of the largest Family History Centers in America.30 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Rasmuson Library. Visit the “California Genealogy Resources” webpage . Genealogists are well-treated at this facility. probates. church records. as well as family histories and many other genealogical records.mesarfhc.htm Mesa Arizona Regional Family History Center.asu. Ozarks.html Arkansas Arkansas History Commission Archives. Although its specialty is Southwest Arkansas. etc. Berkeley. scrapbooks. This library may have as many materials relating to Alaska as any repository in Research.htm University of Arkansas Library.lib. Holdings include a great newspaper collection for California cities. edu/specialcoll/collections/pnw/ Anchorage Genealogical Society. California. Visit their main webpage at: Arkansas. Also. and University of Alaska— California Bancroft Library. Arizona. Seattle.lib. Arkansas Collection. Ozarks history. California. Included are oral histories. etc. This is a one-stop place for research in Arkansas. deeds. personal papers. Mesa. Arizona.html Arizona The Arizona State Library. Many early records not at Little Rock are at this regional facility for early Arkansas people. business records. Fairbanks. Phoenix. this facility has references that can solve some of the hardest parts of research in Arkansas—finding those settlers who came through Arkansas from Kentucky. Arkansas.. Special folklore.

chs. diaries. One of the largest LDS Family History Centers in America. Go to the “Western History/Genealogy Department” Home Page at: www. A great genealogy collection. early lawmen. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day dpa/doit/archives Colorado Historical Society.cfm early land grants. Great genealogy collection. Colorado.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 31 at: www.htm New Haven Colony Historical Society. 2005. Hart Library.htm Denver Public Library. manuscripts.” go to the University Libraries Archives webpage at: http://ucblibraries. outlaws. Puritans and Congregational Church places. heavy on early California people. early settlers.” located at: www. Go to “Search the Historical Records Database by Name. Connecticut. Connecticut. nsf?Open University of Colorado. The State Library’s online catalog is the place to find resources statewide.yale. Of the records that exist for the earliest southern Connecticut towns. For a complete review of the materials available go to the “History and Genealogy” webpage at: Connecticut State Library.000 genealogies. Visit the “History/Genealogy” webpage at: www. cattle trails.htm The Sutro Library.lib.html Southern California Genealogical Society and Family Research Library. To see a 155page index to the names. military.” Check also “Electronic Resources” for the types of databases online. Compilers of the American Genealogical and Biographical Index. Yale University. Stephen H. and manuscripts. Hartford. Connecticut. and more. Time Span or Record Type.html Connecticut Connecticut Historical Society. stage lines. Town records. miners. cowboys. California. A family name index to the collection is available through the databases link on the library Home Page.godfrey. farmers. Los Angeles Regional Family History Center. Denver. Genealogy. Open to the public. The Western Historical Collection has newspapers. Los Angeles. Denver. several interest groups. homesteaders. early settlers. A very good Colorado collection. New geneal. and more. Boulder. Connecticut. Los Angeles Public Library. See page 22 for other and click on “Main Catalog. Go to the Main Page at: www. County. Library Archives.denver. California. The “Manuscripts and Archives” webpage is at: New Haven. and county records statewide. California. Home Page: www. early statehood. journals.calgensoc. and New England history. families. Denver. California Genealogical Society and Library. Visit their Main Page at: www.colorado. Los Angeles.scgsgenealogy. Wagon Connecticut. Go to their Main Page at: www. 6th Edition. California. Burbank. biographies. Territorial. Go to the State Library’s Main Page at Sterling Memorial Library. Sutro is the place for genealogical research in northern California. edu/archives/index. Go to the library page to review the materials available: http://nhchs.library.lapl. and churches. A very active club. San Francisco. including more than New Haven. books. and shepherds.htm . entitled “A Guide to the Manuscript Collections. Colorado.cslib. This is a library with over 8 million titles. Home Page: Colorado Colorado State Archives.lib. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. and an outstanding library with a great genealogical collection for California and the rest of the country. Hartford. More than 40. diaries. California. A branch of the California State Library with an excellent genealogy and local history collection. this library has the best collection. Godfrey Memorial Library.000 volumes. Colorado. Manuscripts. Colorado. History and Genealogy

) Go to the “Collections” webpage for a review of the Genealogical Collection: http://dlis. and Delaware. The resources in this library are unmatched by any other library in the world.C. and Shakers.aspx?id=122 Florida Florida State Archives (Bureau of Archives and Records Management.mdhs. Florida. For a review of the genealogy holdings.C. and state records. slavery. abolitionism.citymuseumdc.state. New Jersey.html Historical Society of Pennsylvania Library. Newark. D.archives. indexes to all burials in a particular cemetery. marriages. Historical Society of Washington. Gray Building. Daughters of the American Revolution).dar. (See page 26 www. Washington. Delaware. Baltimore. most researchers would never know they exist. Missing Washington. Pennsylvania. go to the “Delaware Genealogy” webpage at: www. family Bibles. biographies. The collection excels in American Revolution. Local History & Genealogy Reading Room.fl. including periodicals. The Western Reserve was a region of Ohio settled by refugees of the Revolutionary War from the State of Connecticut. Ohio. D. Go to the “Public/Finding Aids” page for a list of databases: www.htm Kiplinger Research Library. Good coverage of colonial records for every hundred and every county. As an example of genealogical sources found here. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. or extracts and indexes to county records such as births. Hall of and gives anyone access to the huge collection of books.state. See “How to Find Genealogical Manuscripts” at: www. Scotch-Irish. An excellent genealogical collection and the place to start looking for Florida people. church records. DAR Library (National Includes colonial records. These unique censuses can be found nowhere outside of Florida. A. D. Civil War. Maryland. Germans. all counties represented. For A Guide to Research in the Historical Society of Delaware Research Library.lib.C. A good place to locate early settlers in Pennsylvania. Go to the “Family History & Genealogy” page at: www. Research Library. maps. Cleveland history.wrhs. Florida State Division of Libraries and Information Services). visit the “Local History & Genealogy Reading Room” webpage at: www. plus many lineages submitted by DAR members. deeds. Thomas Jefferson Building. and genealogies. including grave locations of Revolutionary soldiers. wills and administrations. A research center for the District of Columbia. “Manuscript and Archival Collections” webpage at: www. Dover. Delaware. manuscripts. Many unpublished manuscripts. An online catalog search is available at www. black and ethnic.asp University of Delaware and historical documents.dos. and without visiting the Archives’ explore/library/FindGenealogicalManuscripts. Original records of early Do_Research/collections. much like the state archives in any state. the Archives has the original 1935 and 1945 Florida state The main card catalog is the key . Washington. records.loc.32 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Western Reserve Historical Society Library.htm Maryland Historical Society Library.loc.C. and other colonial settlers in Penn’s colonies.hsd. including a searchable Probate Records Database online. (FHL missed these state gengd. R. Wilmington.cfm Delaware Delaware State Archives. Philadelphia.) The Library of Congress.asp?id=148 to locating book titles on any subject. Another set of records similar to the State org/library/template. Delaware. Online catalog: www. deaths.hsp. newspapers. shtml Historical Society of Delaware. Go to the Special Collections Department. library/onlinlib. html#genie District of Columbia National Archives I and National Archives II. Tallahassee. Visit their website at: www.udel.

com/ Lib_and_Archives.hawaii. Visit the GHS “Library and Archives” webpage at: P. Hawaii.staugustine historicalsociety. Smith Library. Visit the Yonge Library webpage at: www. plus county Bishop Museum Library & Archives. at this webpage: http:// bishopmuseumlib.html Joseph F.html Coweta County Genealogical Society and Historical Research Center. Hawaii government collection.lib. Online catalog: http://uhmanoa. Macon. and deaths dating back to 1594. Research Georgia histories. Go to the “Archives & Special Collections” webpage at: http:// w2. hawaii. bibb. family histories.ocls. A good genealogy collection. One of the best library collections in the state for genealogy. Brigham Young University. St. Georgia. For references to early Georgia settlers this is the largest manuscript collection in the state. Georgia. Drop your names of interest at their website: http://members.htm Hawaii State Library. Good genealogy collection. The library’s “Special Collections” webpage describes the manuscripts and also leads to The Digital Library of Georgia. and early Anglos in Hawaii. Hamilton Library. Go to: w w Collections/index. Florida. Best collection of Family Group Sheets for all of Georgia.shtml Pace Library. marriages. Includes Spanish parish records of births. biographies.S.htm University of Georgia Library. Review the “Special Collections” webpage at: http://library. Mariners. Augustine Historical Society.asp?bhcp=1 histories. Pacific Islanders. Orange County Library System.fl.shtml Washington Memorial Library.ufl. Pacific Islands. Florida. county the earliest church transcripts in America. Hawaii. Augustine. Nearly as many genealogical resources as the Atlanta archives. Laie. Georgia. Grantville.htm Georgia Georgia Archives. newspapers. Honolulu. Iolani Palace Grounds. Georgia Historical Society Library. U. go to the “Welcome to the Research Library”: www. State government records. best Florida newspaper archives.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 33 Orlando Public Library. county records. Honolulu.hawaii. newspapers. o r g / w h a t _ d o _ w e _ have/default. Go to the “Genealogy Collection” webpage at: www. Go to the library catalog or archives catalog.uwf. Focus on Hawaii. Middle Georgia Regional Library System. family whalers. Athens. Pensacola. documents Florida.byuh. African-American genealogy. and Asians.uflib. visit the “Hawaii & Pacific Section” at: www.lib. newspaper indexes. Largest overall genealogy reference library in the University of Florida Libraries. and more. Honolulu. and yearbooks. l i b s .edu/ . Hawaii Campus. Gainesville. An excellent collection of materials relating to the first east coast Florida colonists. g e o r g i a a r c h i v e s . borderlands. Go to the “What Do We Have?” webpage at: w w w.htm St. Good place for locating early Hawaiians. For a brief description of the types of records they hold. u g a . and more. Georgia. Good coverage of American genealogical sources as well as Florida. Japan. For links to bibliographies. This is the place to locate early Georgia people. Spanish colonial records. University of Hawaii.lib. Review the resources at their webpage: www.georgiahistory. and Captain James Cook collection. county histories. e d u / s p e c i a l _ c o l l e c t i o n s / Hawaii Hawaii State Archives. An excellent genealogy research facility.lib. University of West Florida. Honolulu. and local history. immigration records from 1900. Yonge Library of Florida History. subject. Morrow. Online catalog: http://statearchives. Hawaii. K. Georgia. Orlando. This is the starting place for locating references to the earliest Florida people (the Florida Panhandle settlers). Savannah. both accessible by name. Hawaii.tripod. title. Florida.

S. Best Indiana genealogy resource center.statelib. farmers’ registers—another archives for Illinois. County histories. Springfield. genealogies. The State Archives and the Illinois State Genealogical Society have joined forces to provide online indexes (veterans. and one with an aggressive program to index local records as online databases. railroads. uidaho. this is a library of national significance. Indiana. Indiana University.indiana history.html#anchor58337 Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. histories. Chicago. ranchers. Indianapolis. Manuscripts. with the largest collection of genealogical periodicals in the U. genealogies. Indiana. Indianapolis. For links to County Records on Microfilm and Idaho Naturalization Records. Illinois.cfm University of Illinois index. Great collection. Fort Wayne. Check out the genealogical research that can be accomplished online at the “Online Databases” webpage. county records. org/genealogy/collections. Lithuanian. PreChicago fire records. Urbana. Go to the “William Henry Smith Memorial Library” webpage at: www.idahohistory. civil court case files. lib. Indianapolis.htm David Indiana. subjects. Indiana. and more) at the State Archives website. Library and Archives). Genealogy Division. Go to the “Special Collections & Family History” webpage at: http:// Indexed vital index.html Indiana State Archives. Go to the “Family History” webpage at: www. early settlers. German. webpage: services. and more. early Indiana.uiuc. Illinois. with a genealogical focus on the Midwest. Bloomington. One of the leading research libraries in the world. BYU-I is responsible for the Western States Historical Marriage Records Index.html University of Idaho Library. family folders. deaths. Polish.” a webpage with a very large alphabetical index to names. county records. Idaho. County and state Go to the “Genealogy at the Newberry Library” webpage at: www. manuscripts: www. newspapers. Books. farmers. Rare book library. Visit “The Collections” webpage for access: www.newberry. available online. Rexburg. See also the online databases: Idaho State Death Index 1911–1951 and Eastern Idaho Death Records. Old State Capitol.acpl. gov/lib/ishlgen. go directly to the “Researcher Services” www.lib. “Historical Genealogy” webpage: www.shtml The Newberry Library. Springfield. Check out the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. British. biographies. Indiana. and outstanding finding aids online. This is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential ~liblilly/collections. canals. Idaho.htm Indiana Indiana State Library. Go to: http://www.lib. archives/family/ Lilly bases. To access these databases visit the “Genealogy Division” webpage at: www.html Allen County Public Library. maps.34 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Idaho Idaho History Center (Idaho State Historical Society. newspapers. Moscow. probates. Go to the “Special Collections & Archives” webpage at: Archives Building. McKay Library. A larger collection for outside of Indiana than for Indiana itself. biographies. and oral histories. Illinois. Mormons. library. and an excellent county history collection (see page 22 for details).org/library/ Illinois Illinois State Archives.htm Indiana Historical Society Library. County records. Brigham Young University—Idaho.cyber driveillinois. Original records from all Indiana counties. Excellent reference library for locating Illinois people.html . great indexes. Historical collection heavy on pioneer Illinois.illinoishistory. Idaho. Mountain men.indiana. Go to “Illinois History Collections. State censuses.

Iowa City.rileycgs. manuscripts. biographies. Topeka.ku. Native Americans. DAR collection. Library Archives Bureau. Best for original manuscripts for early Kentucky history. histories. books.ia. indexes.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 35 Lewis Historical Collection Library. Kansas. Kansas.kdla. histories. Dodge City.html Marshalltown Public Library. Kansas. Vincennes. Microfilm of state records. Manuscripts. Earliest settlers in Kansas well documented in Spencer Research The library has special collections relating to Ohio River traffic. Old Statehouse.kyhistory. Manhattan. Go to the “Information & Computers” webpage (Genealogy) at: www.html Kansas Genealogical Society State Historical Society of Iowa—Iowa City. Kansas Collection. A good starting point to locate Kentucky ancestors. A great Waterloo. genealogies. railroads. Pre-Civil War records for Kansas are excellent.dodgecity. steamboats. early Indiana. Visit their website at: www.aspx Kansas Kansas State Historical Society. Go to the “Genealogists” webpage at: www. Not a repeat of Des Moines. html Riley County Genealogical Society Library.iowagenealogy. Filson Historical Society. maps. cemeteries. and more. Vincennes University. Visit the “What the Research Libraries Offer” webpage at: www. If you own a library card from this library you are allowed remote access to the HeritageQuest Online databases. Des Moines. One of the largest and most active genealogical societies in America.htm Filson Library. periodicals. Publisher of county records.state. Kentucky. Visit their website at: www. railroads. htm Iowa State Historical Society of Iowa—Des Moines. and HansLib. Frankfort. Iowa. Capitol Complex. county indexes. Library Archives Bureau. with county chapters statewide. periodicals. Louisville. county records. Visit their website at: www. city directories. Genealogy. Iowa Genealogical Society Library. Best collection of family folders and genealogical periodicals in Kansas. genealogies. The Iowa City branch is served by the same website as the Des Moines branch (see above).edu/AcademicResources/Shake Library/lewislib.kshs. including genealogy. Center for Historical Research. newspapers. For details go to the “Hans J. newspapers. Lawrence. and a wealth of historical Grout Museum of History and Science Library. lib. This is the place to start locating Kansas Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Iowa. University of Kansas. government. Start at the “Lewis Library” webpage at: www. manuscripts. printed genealogies. offers/library_offers. Like another archives for Kentucky. family folders. Marshalltown. pioneers. many not in Indianapolis. Go to the “Collections Overview” webpage at: www. Iowa. Every known printed Kentucky history and genealogy. #genealogy . Go to the “Research Databases” webpage at: http://catalog. and more.marshalltownlibrary. This is an outstanding collection of Iowa materials. Iowa. Des Moines. and more. genealogies. biographies. Iowa. Family folders. land records. Largest collection of family folders in Kentucky. Frankfort. business. Kentucky.vinu. Primary records. Many newspapers. Original Kentucky state and county records. Chryst Library/Archives” webpage at: www. Good genealogy and local history collection for the Cedar Valley of Iowa. Go to the “Kansas Collection” webpage at: Kentucky Kentucky Historical Society Library.groutmuseumdistrict. Kentucky.

filsonhistorical. Visit the “Louisiana State Archives Research Library” webpage for a good description of the types of records available: www. Large genealogi- . Go to the “Margaret Maryland Maryland State Archives. King Library” webpage at: http:// ukcc. Louisiana. church records. Like another state archives.htm Maryland Historical Society.htm Fogler Library. and other indexes. fisheries.state. and research guides. New Orleans. Jackson Barracks. Indians. Annapolis. Confederate soldiers. University of Kentucky. oral history. newspapers. Go to the “Genealogy Resource Materials” webpage at: www. Portland. online indexes. and much more. Office of Adjutant General. Bowling Green. A good genealogical collection.htm Howard-Tilton Memorial arcgen/genidx.state. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. family. county records. including southern genguide/gguide4. Since Maine was formerly part of Massachusetts.state. special collections. Massachusetts. History. Appalachian collection. us/msa/homepage/html/search. Acadians.library. Over 130 indexes to Maryland deeds. For links to the library. Augusta. This is the premier resource center for locating early Maryland settlers. University of newspapers. Great surname Kentucky. Kentucky. Newspapers. New Orleans Public Library. Louisiana. and historical manuscripts relating to Kentucky.umaine. and business records are included in the major Boston. Baton Rouge. The Home Page at their website has links to downloadable databases. and government documents. rivers. biographies. and Shakers. ships and shippers. library/tip/ New Orleans. many of the records up to 1820 can be found in the Massachusetts Archives. An excellent list of resources can be viewed at the “Genealogical Materials in the New Orleans Public Library’s Louisiana Division & City Archives” webpage at: http://nutrias.html Kentucky Library.html Jackson Barracks Military Library. early militia lists. which includes “Papers on Maine”: www. Orono. online archives. Special Collections.htm Massachusetts Archives of the Commonwealth. and much more. resources. maps. boundaries. Original records from all Maine counties and towns.mdarchives. land Maine State Library. For a review of the resources go to: www.391+ campus+0039 Louisiana Louisiana State Archives Research Library. A great repository for historical resources. Maine. and a national list of applicants for membership in the United Confederate Veterans after the Civil War. Go to the “Genealogy and Family History Research at MHS” webpage at: www. War of 1812 soldiers through World War I.S.htm Margaret I.maine. Maine. Visit their website at: www. oral history.sec. Excellent collections of early Maine settlers. immigration records. Louisiana. Refer to the “Researching Your Family’s History at the Massachusetts Archives” webpage. Maryland.tulane. Maine.html Maine Maine State Archives. Lexington. Tulane University. genealogy. Go to: www.htm Maine Historical Society Library. Special Collections and Archives. King Library. Go to the “Welcome to Special Collections” webpage at: http:// specialcollections. genealogies. New Orleans. counties.sec.shtml Louisiana Division & City view. Records for all Louisiana parishes. Great collection for archives-library. early settlers. early settlers. Western Kentucky University.36 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE materials for the Upper Ohio Valley. go to the “Search the Archives” webpage at: www. towns. Maryland. Augusta. Go to the “Unique Fogler Library Collections” webpage at: www.maine.

lib.michigan. town histories. See “How to Find Genealogical Manuscripts” at: www. genealogies. University of Michigan. New England city directories. Most records are unique. Detroit. In total. Home of the Detroit Society for Genealogical Research.newenglandancestors. etc. Unpublished manuscripts.00. genealogy. biographies.htm Massachusetts Massachusetts Archives of the Commonwealth.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 37 cal collection for Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www. An excellent collection of historical materials.detroit.htm . One of the best genealogy libraries in the country.280 lineal feet (one mile) of manuscripts. town and county books. htm New England Historic Genealogical Society Library. Family Bibles.bpl. newspapers. with great indexes. htm American Antiquarian Society Library. The name of virtually every immigrant to New England during the colonial period can be found here. Use this same site to access the State Archives of Michigan. county. Go to the “Genealogy and Family History Resources” webpage at: www. Excellent collection of library_collections/ Michigan Library of Michigan. Michigan. Go to the “Burton Historical Collection” webpage at: explore/library/FindGenealogicalManuscripts. and and original materials. and state books and slrc/md/genresearch. this library’s documents are estimated to account for 75 percent of all recorded printed works generated during America’s first two hundred years of existence. A collection of New England Massachusetts Historical Society Library. Massachusetts.mdhs. Lansing. deeds. newspapers.htm Haverhill Public Library. Boston.htm Boston Public Library. and Libraries” webpage at: www.S. Massachusetts. Arts. genealogies.html.S. Visit their Home Page at: www. Go to “Researching Your Family’s History at the Massachusetts Archives” webpage: www. Boston.000 bound volumes of newspapers from 1704 to 1820. The library shelves contain over 5. ranging from children’s books to poetry. Go to the “History. original town records. Bentley Historical Library.umich.epfl. Go to the “Guide to Conducting Genealogical Research in the Maryland Department” webpage at: www.7-16017449_18635---. Maryland. Burton Historical Collection. For a description of the genealogical materials go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Biography. For the U. The size of this library’s genealogical collection ranks with the best in New England. Its collection of New England source materials is larger than several better known New England repositories. Worcester. But newspapers are just one of twenty historical categories in which this library’s collection ranks in the top three of all libraries in the U. Baltimore. genie.americanantiquarian. This library is best known for its outstanding newspaper collection. Haverhill. An excellent Michigan local history and genealogy department. Boston. not repeats of materials at other repositories. The library’s catalog is online. Massachusetts. Every county of Michigan represented with vitals. and more. Go to the “Library Collections” webpage at: www. Detroit Public many are unpublished genealogies of New England families. published histories.haverhillpl. newspapers. Michigan. Michigan. Maryland Department. representing the single largest collection of extant American newspapers for that period. Michigan. Ann Arbor. Lansing. The best overall genealogical collection for New England families. Massachusetts. mi. genealogies.sec.masshist. probates. travel. html Enoch Pratt Free Library.html alone there are over 18. Go to the “Bentley Historical Library—Genealogy” webpage at: www.

edu/rare/ Missouri Missouri State Archives. To find them you must be specific to a place or surname in a catalog search.html Missouri Historical Society. Go to the “Missouri Genealogical & Historical Research Guides” webpage at: www. and genealogies. Visit the “Local History & Genealogy” webpage at: www. html Evans Memorial Library. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: University. University of Missouri-Columbia. Mississippi. Special Collections. Louis. but the university website provides only an address for branches/hq/sc/sc-genpg.htm . biographies. and guides to using the collections is at the “Research Room” webpage at: www. A great list of resources. Missouri. But the catalog webpage also has direct links to “Additional Research Tools” such as online biography. Special Collections.olemiss. Good genealogy library. Cloud State University. Use the online catalog at: http://mnpals. content/Libraryandresearch/OlderCollections. Columbia. The library’s website does not mention items outside of Monroe County and Aberdeen.000 volumes to this library.lib. sos. and newspapers. with many Mississippi references. Visit the “The Local History Guide—Genealogy” webpage at: www. Archives and Library University of Mississippi Library. Paul. Visit the “Family History” webpage at: www. Missouri. msstate. A recent partnership with the National Genealogical Society added over 20. Go to the “Special Collections & Rare Books” webpage at: http://special. aspx Mississippi Mississippi State Department of Archives and History. histories. A very good genealogy collection for Missouri. located at Ellis Library. manuscripts. Missouri. Louis. Minnesota State University— Mankato.umsystem. Mankato. Great genealogy collection. state.mnhs. Mississippi. An excellent collection of Mississippi records.lib. and it is now an important genealogical research library.slcl.asp Central Minnesota Historical Center Library. Minnesota. Special Collections. All Mississippi counties represented with original records. Mississippi. State Historical Society of Missouri Library. Cloud. St. lib. University of Minnesota. Go to the “Special Collec- St. maps.stcloud state. Special Collections. An excellent collection of early Missouri records. original state censuses. oral history. Jefferson City. St. Missouri Valley Room.38 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society. Missouri. St. St. All Missouri counties represented with microfilm of original county records. and cemetery indexes.htm tions” Department webpage at: http://library. Minnesota. Andersen Library. Go to http://zed. Go to the “Collections” webpage for a review of materials available: www. Search by subject or name in the online catalog at: www. Minnesota. Kansas City. This facility is “userfriendly” to genealogists. plus many other records relating to people who came through Missouri via Illinois. localhistory/index.cfm?article=read&article ID=162 Mitchell Memorial Library.kclibrary. online databases. biographies. Mississippi State.html Kansas City Public Library. Minneapolis. Minnesota. Go to the “University Archives and Southern Minnesota Historical Center” webpage at: www. Good genealogy collection. Louis County Library. St. umn. but this is an outstanding regional library for the Deep South. Library and Archives.tombigbee. Missouri. court Like another state archives for Southern Minnesota Historical Mississippi State genealogy/

all soundex and printed census Grand Island. University of Nevada—Reno. A good genealogy collection. and more. This library has a complete set of all microfilmed federal A good genealogy collection for early Montana people. Visit the webpage for “Collections” and “Digital Collections” at: http://bancroft. A good genealogy collection. Missouri. Nebraska. 20th-century Russians. names. stagecoaches. Special Collections.state.clan. California.clan.lib. but a keyword search is useful: http:// catalog. A brief descrip- Bancroft Library. George Armstrong Custer. Genealogy Department. Nevada. but access to the manuscripts must be done through the library’s online catalog.html Nebraska Nebraska State Historical Society instruct/guides/genealogy. Access to catalog through Home Page: www. newspapers.nv. and more. Berkeley.lib. Latvians.omaha publiclibrary. A good genealogy collection.html Montana Montana Historical Society Library and Archives.mcpl. Independence. oral Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Omaha.umt. miners. Edith Abbott Memorial Library.lib. subjects. Carson City. Department of Reference Services. Go to the “Collections” webpage at: www. lib. Nevada. and more. early trails. including every-name indexes to Nevada’s federal censuses.cgi? DB=local&PAGE=First Montana State University Library.htm Nevada Historical Society. Through the Department of Cultural ordinary_people. etc. and state prison files. Museum-Research Library. Nebraska. Like a second state archives.html Love Memorial Library. Special Collections. University of Nebraska. 1860–1920. University of California. A good genealogy collection. folklore. asp North Platte Public Library. A good genealogy collection. and a great genealogy collection. Montana.library.unr. plus special collections on Czechoslovakians. Visit their webpage at: http://dmla. and plains materials. Nevada Nevada State Library and Archives. The best collection of genealogical materials in the state. Search the online catalog for subjects.htm Gretchell Library.lib. With 60 million historic manuscripts. and links to biographical indexes and marriage indexes. Go to the “Discover Nevada History” webpage at: http:// range cattle industry.his. the Archives is providing online indexes. the Bancroft Collection is outstanding for early settlers. A description of the Special Collections section is at: ne. This library has substantial historical material about Nevada and other western states. Nebraska.lib. military Special refrence/la_pubs/guide1. University of Montana Library.nv. An excellent collection of Montana history. Helena. Reno.berkeley. Special Collections. histories. Part of the state of Nevada’s Department of Cultural Go to “A Guide to Genealogical Research at the Nebraska State Historical Society” at: www. Montana.north-platte.montana. Yellowstone Park. Bozeman. Search the online catalog at: http://catalog. Nebraska. North Platte. Lincoln. North Independence Branch. newspapers. and names. libr/libs/spec Omaha Public Library. Go to the “Selected Genealogy Resources” webpage at: www.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 39 Mid-Continent Public Library. Many manuscripts and histories not in Nebraska State Historical Society. You will need to use the online catalog to find titles. Go to the “Genealogy and Local History Resources” webpage at: . 1790– tion of the Special Collections is at: www. Original county records.

jerseyhistory. museumofnewmexico. The collection is as large as the State Albuquerque-Bernalillo County Library System. New Mexico.nh. rare books. Visit the “Genealogy & Local History Collection” webpage at: www.princeton. manuscripts. New Jersey. Special Collections. New Mexico.sos.shtml New Hampshire State Archives. Original colonial.html New Jersey New Jersey State Archives. books. newspapers. biographies. Go to the “Department and Collections” webpage at: www. New Hampshire. and Western Americana Collections.html New Mexico New Mexico State Archives (Archives and Historical Services Division. A good collection of genealogical materials. provincial deeds. Albuquerque. Concord.rutgers. The largest genealogical collection in the state. maps. Santa Fe. early Mexican. and early Anglo records.state. Go to the “Special Collections Library” webpage: www. militia.unm.nj.state. New Jersey biographies. Massachusetts. This facility has nearly as much genealogical and biographical material as the State Library. Special Collections and Archives. maps. Large manuscript collection.htm New England Historic Genealogical Society Library. Visit the “Researching Your Family at the New Hampshire State Archives” webpage at: www. New Mexico. Bibles. censuses. New Jersey. state. Go to their webpage at: http:// elibrary.html Alexander Library.nhhistory. Newark. University of New Mexico. Special Collections Library. Town and county histories. Clearly the best genealogy collection in the state. county. New Hampshire Historical Society. and county records. Manuscript collection is huge. Boston. and original materials. New Mexico.nm.nmcpr. Princeton. Santa Fe. Princeton University. and vital records. heavy on Spanish. Firestone Library. department/ New Hampshire State Library. newspapers. historic New Jersey Historical Society Library. and town records. Go to the “History and Genealogy Section” webpage at: www. Visit their Home Page at: www. State Records Center and Archives). photo archives. New Hampshire. 1640–1770. censuses. and more. Best collection of original county records from colonial period to today. History Library. Cultural Center. New Hampshire. Original territorial. Unpublished manuscripts. Original town and state records. Albuquerque. genealogies. Trenton.40 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE New Hampshire Tuck Library. Genealogical resources are in the rare books. Go to: www. The best overall genealogical collection for New England Genealogy/index. Go to the “Genealogists’ Guide” webpage at: www. New Jersey. Virtually every published history and genealogy for New Hampshire. Go to the “Tuck Library” webpage at: www. Go to the “Genealogical Resources” webpage at: www.html New Jersey State Library. Native Indians.html Museum of New Mexico. and more. Many are unpublished genealogies of New England families. church records.newenglandancestors. New archives/genealogy.libraries. family folders. Rutgers University. Albany. plus histories. New nhsl/history/index. Visit the “County Government Records” webpage at: www. and specialized indexes to records. ge- . histories. genealogies.cabq. New Jersey. New York.nh.html New York New York State Archives. broadsides. colonial Spanish and Mexican papers.php The Center for Southwest Research and Special Collections.html Harvey S. Go to the “Tracing Your Ancestors: Genealogy” webpage at: darm/links/webcat/ rul/libs/scua/genealogy/genealogy. census.

North New York.duke. a collection so large the Archives has not been able to catalog it all. North Carolina.unc. As an early New York county which covered much of upstate New Visit the “Research Center Holdings” webpage at: Go to the “Family History and Genealogy Resources in the North Carolina Collection” webpage at: www. They estimate over 10. and genealogies for North Carolina. Fonda.shtml family folders on the East Coast. Go to the “Types of Records Available at the North Carolina State Archives” webpage at: www. Durham. New York. Visit their website for detailed information about the resources available: www. periodicals. also has extensive newspaper collections. Raleigh. the Holland Land Company granted patents of land to individuals from 1789– 1835.dcr. html New York State Library.fredonia. this facility has indexes to original records from the early 1600s. New York. Irish in America.htm New-York Historical Society Library. New York. rare Many of the original land records are in this facility. Albany. The best collection of State Library of North Carolina. Local history and Seneca Indians databases are here as county records.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 41 nealogies. us/archives/records.lib. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www.S.html Reed Library. North Carolina history. Old Courthouse. State University of New York.htm the records in this facility are unique.nypl. Go to the “Genealogical Research at The New York Public Library” webpage at: www.newyorkfamilyhistory. Syracuse. biographies. Cultural Center. plus it has newspapers. Revolutionary War soldiers’ papers. and more. and sundry colonial records.aspx New York Genealogical and Biographical Society Library. For western New York and a large part of northwestern Pennsylvania. manuscripts. and many manuscripts. Raleigh. Original manuscripts of county court records from all counties. and genealogies. and much more for both colonial and federal eras.archives. Visit the “Genealogy” webpage at: researchroom/rr_family.. Go to the “Genealogical Research in North Carolina” webpage at: http://statelibrary.state. including references to families moving into old Albany County during the colonial period (Albany County once included all of upper New York and all of Vermont). Featuring tax records. Many original census records were transferred to this facility from the National Archives. University of North Carolina.lib. New York.htm North Carolina Collection. In the same building as the State Archives. journals.nyhistory. Perhaps the largest historical manuscript collection in the New York. A very large family folder collection and an extensive genealogical collection. Genealogy and local history collection is one of the best in the U.html Perkins Library.cnyhistory. php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=10 North Carolina North Carolina State Archives. and much more. Go to the “Family Records in the New York State Archives” webpage at: www. Onondaga Historical Association Research Center. Operated by the Albany County Clerk’s office and the City of Albany. Visit their website at: Albany County Hall of Records.htm New York Public Collections/tabid/85/Default. New York. North Carolina.albanycounty.000 folders. and much more. Visit the “Archives & Special Collections” webpage to access these collections at: http://ww3. Archives & Special Collections.nysl. Bible records. histories. Duke University. Wilson gr/ Montgomery County Department of History & Archives Library. this facility has an outstanding collection of books. Chapel Hill. with biographies. A great collection of published genealogical resources.nysed. Access the online catalog at: http:// luceweb. Very large collection of unpublished manuscript genealogies. New genealogy/guide.state. New York. Go to the “NYG&B Library” webpage at: www. town and village records. North Carolina. New York. New York.dcr. Albany.

For access to the Naturalization Records Index. genealogies. land records. Review the resources at the “Biography & Genealogy Collections” webpage: www. farming. Pierre. black and ethnic.library. with chapters representing all Ohio . Bismarck. Located in the Red River Valley (first settled by French trappers in the 1670s). with original records of Ohio River boat traffic from Pittsburgh to the Falls of the Ohio (Louisville). Focus on southeastern Ohio counties. Library Square. Ohio. Bible records. Salisbury.library. Original records for old Dakota Territory. and several databases online. North Dakota. including HistoryRoom/html/ regional land records. North archlib/ North Dakota North Dakota Heritage Center. Columbus. biographies. State Archives and Historical Research Library. Archives/Library. Focus on French-Canadians. The collection excels in American Go to the “Genealogy Services” webpage at: http:// winslo. and other genealogical sources at the State Archives. North Dakota State University. Columbus. censuses. An excellent manuscript collection. family folders. ndsu. Ohio. including traffic on rivers flowing into the Ohio. the historical collection here is centered around North and South Dakota as well as western Minnesota. business records. North Dakota. Ohio. Rowan County was the crossroads of North Carolina during the colonial period and comprised a large central area of the present state. homesteads. Cleveland. Archives and Special Collections. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. asp?id=148 South Dakota State Historical Society.ohiou. go to the “For Genealogists” webpage at: www. biographies. including the Inland Waterways Library. Genealogy Department. See the entire list of resources at their “Genealogy” webpage: arcgen.oh. University of North Dakota. and genealogies. Newspaper Database. Pioneer files. Norwegians. North Dakota. Mansfield. journals. Visit the “Genealogical Records Available” webpage at: www. See the “Genealogical Resources” links at their website: www. and Shakers. Ohio. The Western Reserve was a region of Ohio settled by refugees of the Revolutionary War from the State of Connecticut. visit the “Main Library—History and Genealogy” webpage at: www. Ohio.htm Ohio Genealogical Society slavery. Newspaper Vital Records Index. and early Ohio records. Collection includes many original manuscripts.asp Institute for Regional State Archives. diaries. county histories. Cleveland history. Ohio. and biographies.sdhistory. index. Civil War.wrhs. Good genealogy collection. all in the South Dakota Archives. Materials accessible through their online catalog. Go to the “Genealogy Research Guide” webpage at: www.state. newspapers. For a good description of the genealogical resources available.html State Library of Ohio. A very large genealogy collection. Cincinnati. abolitionism. including church records.htm Alden Library. The Local History and Genealogy Department has many manuscripts. OGS is the largest state genealogical society in America. and much more. html Western Reserve Historical Society Ohio University. biographies. and more. South Dakota. Oral histories. local history. death index. and vital records. and newspapers. Anyone with Ohio ancestors needs to join this society.nodak. This is also a library with a unique national index to millions of American households.cincinnati library. Go to the “Family History and Genealogy Room” webpage at: Ohio Ohio Historical Society.html Chester Fritz Library. Grand Forks. Athens. perhaps more for North Dakota counties of old Dakota Territory than can be found in North Dakota. biographies.42 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Rowan Public Library. Fargo.htm Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.state.

Salem.ohs.sos. Membership allows library access to a large collection of family folders. plus periodicals. Go to the “Genealogy Research” webpage for more information: http://oregon. A review and history of the library is at: www. military records. County and state records. newspapers. Go to the “John and Mary Nichols Collection” webpage at: http://libraries.okpls. and a statewide index to all Oklahoma Territory Tract Books (public land buyers). guides/genealogy/ Grace M. Original historical manuscripts. Oregon. Holdenville.oh. plus remote access to the HeritageQuest Online databases. with the largest book collection of Oklahoma genealogies. with many records relating to the Five Civilized Tribes (and Delawares) removed to Indian Territory. state. the place where land sales in America first Ohio State Auditor’s Office. Visit their Home Page at: www. Civil War.html Lawton Public Library.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 43 counties.lawton.ogs. and the online Oregon Historical Records Index is accessible at their website. Portland. Many original diaries and journals from Oregon Trail families.cfm Oregon State Library. mining.holdenvillepl. Pickens Public Library. Go to the “Oregon History Project” webpage at: www. and more. Descriptions of the various collections and direct links to each section can be found at the “Researching Oklahoma History” webpage at: www. Norman. probate records.or. go to the “Genealogy Records” webpage: http:// arcweb. military. Manuscripts. All Oregon counties represented with original naturalizations. A great Native-American records collection. but start at a special webpage for helping genealogists located at: http://libweb. or Access to the records. Special Collections. including Land Donation Claims for early Oregon Territory pioneers. University of Oregon. Oregon.html . The catalog is online. Go to the “Publications” webpage at: www. OSL/Genealogy. and more.state. Indian-Pioneer History Collection. oil production. county records. biographies. cattle trails. territorial and state censuses. and indexes to records. education/oregonhistory/index. A project to index these records is well under way. Spanish. censuses. Lawton. Oregon. Multnomah County Library.asp?id=23 Knight Library. however. Ohio. and newspaper articles.ok. Eugene. manuscripts. both available at this website as downloadable PDF files. Oklahoma City. For a good review of the types of guides available and access to the online databases.ou. org/ Oregon Oregon State Archives. Two excellent books related to Ohio history and land development are Along the Ohio Trail and The Official Ohio Lands Book. An outstanding genealogical collection. including an outstanding biographical card index to early Oregon people mentioned in books. OGS also has a website which allows members to access several online databases. You must use the online catalog to find a particular title. is via a library card biographies.okhistory. This is the starting place for Oklahoma research. family folders. Oklahoma. family This office is the official repository of records of public land sales in Ohio.shtml Bizzell Memorial Library. Oklahoma. ranching. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Oregon. vital records. This new facility (April 2006) is really two state archives: one for Native Americans and one for the early Anglo settlers of Oklahoma.htm Oklahoma Oklahoma History Center (Research Division.htm Oregon Historical Society Library. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www.cityof. maps. but the Oregon History Project is an online resource tool that leads to various records available. A great genealogy collection. and vital records. Excellent photograph collection of early Oregon people. Volunteers from the Willamette Valley Genealogical Society provide help to researchers. University of Oklahoma. Portland. Oklahoma. Columbus. giving in-person and/or remote access to the catalog and other Internet services. genealogies.auditor. Oregon. Oklahoma Historical Society). Enough manuscript and printed materials to qualify as Oregon’s state archives. local newspapers from 1901. name.

Go to the “Research Guides” webpage at: http://library. and Delaware. A Rhode Island USGenWeb site is also useful for understanding what records are available: www. Earliest Rhode Island records for all towns and counties for colonial and federal eras. For a review of its holdings go to the “Collections” webpage at: www. But there is some hope. Largest genealogical library in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania Library. something you will not find at the State Archives website. A website for the Rhode Island Historical Records Advisory Board (www. pa.hsp. Go to the “Family History & Genealogy” webpage at: Library and Archives of the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. A very good genealogical library. Providence. probably the worst state archives website (for genealogists) of all 50 states. Germans. and any research Statelocal. Go to the “Research Library” webpage: www. covering western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio. Harrisburg. Philadelphia.htm In addition. Pennsylvania. Bible records. fully indexed. The new digital archives is called ARIAS (Archives Records Information Access System).rihs. Original records of early Quakers. They try to send you to other places.german townhistory. Virtually every Palatine German immigrant to Pennsylvania can be identified in this Go to the “Record Groups” webpage at: www.state. Portland. an ambitious project to scan images and index original records is well under way. Providence. Library Archives Department. essentially. Rhode Island.asp Rhode Island Rhode Island State Archives. this is the best place to find a reference to your ancestors. pghhistory.usgenweb. each with a link to an explanatory page. The original records of the published Pennsylvania Archives series are Southern Oregon Historical Society. Go to: www. including a card file for every Pennsylvania soldier of the Civil War. but Welsh Quakers and Scotch-Irish immigrants.44 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Genealogical Forum of Oregon Library. Medford. Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center. An excellent place to locate the early settlers of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island.asp?DLN=1246. For a review of the resources here. because there is virtually no help for a genealogist. Newport. or suggest that genealogists hire an independent researcher. Rhode the materials relate not only to taxonomy.state. . Library and Archives.html Pennsylvania Pennsylvania State Archives. Historical and genealogical coverage is excellent for the colonial period.aspx ?id=122 State Library of Pennsylvania. For a look at the resources. Genealogy and Local History Collection. and other colonial settlers in Penn’s colonies. For early pioneers in southern Oregon.asp?NavID=43 For the colonial period. must be done in person ($5.00 a day for non-members). go to the “Library” webpage at: There is no online catalog.gfo. RootsWeb. Philadelphia. A huge genealogical collection. Visit the ARIAS webpage at: www.statelibrary.phmc. like the Family History Library. New Jersey. or the National Archives. Pennsylvania.state. Oregon.” Germantown Historical Society. Pennsylvania. A great genealogy/local history section. Although this may be Rhode Island’s largest collection of genealogical materials. using the word “genealogy” at this facility is frowned upon. The first set of records are mostly military name Rhode Island Historical Society Library.html#state) at least has an overview of the types of records a genealogist may find at the State Archives.sohs. Oregon. Click on “Genealogy/ Local History. and church records.state.htm Newport Historical Society Library. go to the “Library and Archives” webpage at: www. If the genealogical query is limited to “do you have this or that thing?” they may answer you for free.digitalarchives. including histories. The Pennsylvania State Archives’ holdings are named and listed in 79 record groups. Check out the “Ready Reference” service described at their “Research Services” webpage. The State Archives does have a website. Pittsburgh.

A membership library with a good collection of genealogical materials. library. Original records for old Dakota Territory and modern South Newspaper Database. a considerable amount of local and state geneological materials. and more. genealogies. and the repository for the American Family Records Association files. A good collection of South Dakota history.sdhistory. business.rootsweb. Columbia. diaries. early newspapers. church records. government documents. University of South Carolina. South Carolina. go to the “For Genealogists” webpage at: www. For a description of the genealogical materials. church. original county records.sciway. county school archives. and more. Indians. histories.htm South Dakota South Dakota State Historical Society. Colonial records. Visit the “Heritage Room” webpage: http://ampl. histories. Aberdeen. Manuscripts. the South Carolina State Archives has one of the best. with a good genealogy collection relating to early Rhode Island people. South Carolina.cfm South Caroliniana Library. town histories. This is a premier genealogical collection for all of South Carolina. frame. Go to the society’s Home Page at newgenealre. and more. biographies.state.htm#Biography%20 and%20Genealogy website at: www.htm South Carolina Historical Society Library. University of South Dakota.uri. vital records. Sumter. Check out their Alexander Mitchell Public Library. South Carolina. If the Rhode Island State Archives has one of the worst websites (for genealogists).htm University of Rhode Island Library. homesteads. Review the collections of value to genealogists at their “Special Collections” webpage: www. Review the many manuscript collections available at the “Manuscripts Division” webpage at: Columbia. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www. South Dakota. Vermillion. The Janie Revill Collection covering the colonial and federal eras of South Carolina is outstanding and well indexed. and other genealogical sources at the State Archives.usd. For an excellent review of the types of records where you will most likely find evidence of a South Carolina ancestor. Charleston Library Society. Colonial immigrant records.) In any case. atlases. non-fiction. Pierre. including histories.html#gene Sumter County Genealogical Society Library. There are numerous published guides and finding aids.americanantiquarian. and genealogies.htm Weeks collections. Massachusetts. and children’s American Antiquarian Society Library. early newspapers. An outstanding collection for South Carolina and the South. and the best historical manuscript collection for the entire state. library/socar/mnscrpts/index2. genealogy. Manuscripts.schistory. and digital archives resources. Kingston. as well as a substantial general collection of fiction. Charleston. A description of the library’s resources from the “About the CLS” webpage states: “The Library’s resources include original Charleston and South Carolina Newspapers.sdln. and more. South Carolina. Rhode Island.htm . South Dakota.html South Carolina South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Go to the “Biography and Genealogy” webpage at: http:// newporthistorical. South Carolina. Original Rhode Island town records. ethnic. Germans from Russia.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 45 southern part of the state. Charleston. Newspaper Vital Records Index. References to virtually all of the earliest South Carolina families can be found here. visit the Home Page for more information at: www.” (Never trust a librarian who can’t spell “genealogical” correctly. For access to the Naturalization Records Index. including genealogies. biographies. South Dakota. go to the “Genealogy Resources” webpage at: Click on “Explore our Collections” for a review of the archives. go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. gazetteers. State Archives.

edu/spcoll/searchms/ searchms. Great genealogical genealogies. ethnic.htm Knox Public Library. Library card holders have remote access to ProQuest and HeritageQuest Online. Tennessee. original county index.utk. Memphis. The largest family folder file collection in the Upper South. Historical collection nearly as large as the state library/archives.lib. North Carolina. including New England.utexas.tx. all counties represented with original records. Austin. and Texas Chattanooga. and more. Mexican cgc. A good genealogical reference library. books. Links to “Materials in the Collection” and “Electronic Resources” can be accessed from the McClung webpage at: http:// knoxcounty. Go to the “Guide to the Manuscripts Collections” webpage at: faqs.htm Tennessee Genealogical Society Library. Tennessee.tx. Center for Genealogical Research (branch of Houston Public Library). Go the Clayton Library Home Page and “Explore” the main research collections: www. Louisiana. html . Go to the “Reference Links” webpage at: http://watweb. To an outsider it depends on which collection gives you the most information about your ancestors. University of Texas. An outstanding genealogical collection. A 19-page Guide to Research: Genealogy Section.hpl. river traffic. gov/localHist/guide.php Chattanooga-Hamilton County Bicentennial Library. go to the Genealogy Section’s Home Page at: http://dallaslibrary. Go to the “Research Resources” webpage at: www. Calvin M.chattanooga.tennessee. Tennessee. This is an outstanding collection of historical reference material.sdln.” at: www.html#faq1 Tennessee Tennessee State Library and Archives. with records for more than Texas.tsl. and more. The genealogy/local history collection is outstanding. Texas.htm Eugene C. Also. and the State of Texas. Watertown. Texas. Texas. and the South. One of America’s best places to do genealogical research—a beautiful modern facility just for McClung Historical Collection.cah.tngs. Barker Texas History Collection.state. including public records.html Dallas Public Library. Tennessee. Houston. Tennessee. Austin. and South Carolina families. and records of Tennessee’s Confederate soldiers. “A Brief Guide to Genealogical Materials in the Local History and Genealogy Department. Dallas. Knoxville. Research and Collections Division.lib. Go to the “Genealogy Resources Available at Our Library” webpage at: www.htm Texas Texas State Library and Archives. Genealogy Section. county histories. Manuscripts. For links to resource categories go to the “History and Genealogy” webpage at: www. Knoxville. Original manuscripts for Spanish Texas.html Clayton Library. and more. federal records. Special biographies. private collections. Nashville. including Texas vital records. genealogies. biographies. and an outstanding • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Watertown Regional Library. The Genealogy Section of this library is one of the best in the country. biographies. maps. newspapers. South Dakota.tx. heavy on early Tennessee. Newspapers. Includes the Natchez Trace Collection of Mississippi. A very good genealogy collection. This historical collection for the Old Southwest includes an index to East Tennessee families. the “Frequently Asked Questions” webpage is well done and answers most questions anyone would have about this great library. Go to the “Searching Aids” webpage at: www.lib. There is a rivalry between the Clayton Library and the Dallas Public Library over which is the largest genealogy library in Texas. For an overview of the collection and a link to the Guide. Mid-Atlantic. Dallas Public Library is available as a PDF download. You can access the “Clayton FAQs” webpage directly at: www. Native Americans (especially Cherokees). Visit the webpage.hpl.html University of Tennessee Library. Republic of Texas. church records.

edu/Specol/index. Republic of Texas. Provo. Utah. The largest genealogical library in the world.cityofbeaumont. Links to “Genealogy Links” and “History Links” are at the Main Page: www. the BYU Genealogy Department is preparing online Tyrrell Historical Library. This library may have the key to locating many early Texas. Austin. Copying. The best collection in which the western “Mountain Men” can be identified and traced (Archives of Society of American Range).S.html Utah Family History Library of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Texas. Lee Library.usu. and surname lists. Contact information and a description of the genealogical collection are under the City of Beaumont’s “Libraries. Marshall. Utah State University. letters. photographs.lib. Recreation and Convention Facilities” webpage at: www. the collection contains information from county courthouses for virtually all England. With over two million rolls of microfilm. A great manuscript collection similar to UT-Austin. Utah. Texas. Mormons. early settlements.utah. letters. A very fine “Utah History Research Center” webpage tells everything you’ll need to know about the center/index. Arlington. Wales. and Louisiana families. Missouri. Texas was a Confederate center during the Civil War. edu/fslab/ Click on any of the following: Genealogy Name Searches Researching Texas Land Grants History of Texas Public Lands Copy Services Translation of Spanish Documents Certification Copies of Maps Abstract of Original Land Titles University of Texas at Arlington Library. Salt Lake City.state. Use the Harrison County TXGenWeb site for more information. Hughes Research Center . Go to the “History Department” webpage at: www. go to the “Research Resources” webpage at: http://library. Utah. counties. Website: www. diaries. Scotland. family journals. and Other Services” webpage at: www.htm Utah State Historical Society. and Scandinavian countries.drtl. diaries. To review the collection and online databases go to BYU’s “Family History/Genealogy Resources” webpage at: www. journals. Beaumont.dupinternational. Archives and Records Division. with materials relating to all states and countries.glo. then linking the indexed books to the FHL catalog entries in Salt Lake City. Logan. and State of Texas. Marshall. This is an excellent genealogical research library.tx. Pioneer records include mining. this is a good collection of genealogical reference material. In fact. The home of the Southeast Texas Genealogical Society and a special collection of historical materials relating to early migrations into Texas via Tennessee. Arkansas. Utah. To see what records and services are available. Ireland.html Merrill-Cazier Library. All Texas land grants from the Spanish era. and genealogical references to virtually every pioneer who came to Utah Territory before 1869. Texas. Go to Harrison County Historical Museum.htm Pioneer Memorial Museum. Mexico. Go to: www. An outstanding collection of family folders. To review the location and types of records available.uta. Largest Family History Center outside Salt Lake City.familysearch. well indexed. but not known as well because of the dominance of the Salt Lake library. Brigham Young University. and Louisiana. International Society—Daughters of Utah Pioneers. colonization. Germany.byu. This facility has many of the records the Utah pioneers brought with them: Bibles. go to the “Research. Salt Lake City. and many records not found anywhere else relating to Utah. Arkansas. History of Texas Public Lands. Resources/ Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library. San Antonio. Kentucky.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 47 Texas General Land Specializing in the colonial Mexican-Texas era and resources from the Republic of Texas. Salt Lake City. Texas. plus an excellent array of materials from Canada. Visit the “Special Collections” webpage at: http://library.

org/ Bennington Museum Library. histories. family Bibles. death records. There are numerous references to Vermont. Visit their website for detailed information about the resources available: www. Washington State Library.state.secstate. Go to the “Family & Local History” webpage at: www. birth records. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www. newspapers. James Madison University. Original county records. and military records. direct links to the Washington State Archives.jmu. alone there are over 18.uvm. Special Collections. Civil War. colonial America’s most heavily traveled migration route. newspapers. Virginia. University of Virginia. For a description of the genealogical materials. Early territorial-state-federal censuses. For the U. Go to the “Genealogical Research in Vermont” webpage at: www. tax lists. and Kentucky.lib. federal. Massachusetts. Richmond.48 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Vermont Vermont Historical Society Library. Albany. Worcester. Many scanned manuscripts of this library are now available online. A very large collection relating to the people who traveled the Great Valley Road of Virginia. Virginia. Washington. Charlottesville. including family Bible records. oral histories. vital records. Visit the “Welcome to The Bennington Museum Library” webpage at: www. New York. this facility has indexes to original records from the early 1600s.wa.lva.htm Handley Regional Library.000 bound volumes of newspapers from 1704 to 1820. edu/primary. New York.vahistorical. Go to www. Vermont local histories. Operated by the Albany County Clerk’s office and the City of Albany. go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Each facility has good online descriptions of the resources they hold. this is a good source for locating a migrating German or Scotch-Irish family. Winchester. poll lists. histories. including colonial. and state records. At the Digital Archives site is the Historic Records Search. and newspapers. representing the single largest collection of extant American newspapers for that period.S. This facility has 900 index drawers indexing 10 million documents relating to the Old Alderman Library.htm webpage at: www.lib. including Virginia. an online index to many millions of names from original marriages.aspx Washington Office of the Secretary of Virginia. The library’s catalog is online. Richmond. Montpelier. biographies. Vermont. Go to the “Genealogical Research” .htm Bailey-Howe Memorial Library.virginia. Bennington Museum. Virginia State Library and Archives. biographies. Manuscripts.benningtonmuseum. bounty lands. militia lists. and more. and more. Located in the heart of the Shenandoah Valley. Vermont. private. including references to families moving into old Albany County during the colonial period (Albany County once included all of upper New York and all of Vermont). Go to the “Primary Source Collections” webpage at: www. A very large genealogical collection.americanantiquarian. genealogies. and original manuscripts. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. From Philadelphia to American Antiquarian Society Library.vermont history. University of Vermont. An outstanding research center for locating early Vermont index.html Albany County Hall of Records. Virginia.aspx Virginia Historical Society Library. and the Washington State Digital Archives.hrl.asp?p=76 Carrier Library. This library is best known for its outstanding newspaper collection. West Virginia. documents. A large genealogical This library has an excellent historical collection relating to the region and a good genealogy reference library. services. Go to the “Special Collections at the Bailey-Howe Library” webpage at: http://bailey. Harrisonburg. Bennington. Go to the “Search the Digital Archives” Virginia The Library of Virginia. and Vermont records. Burlington.

gov/ default.html Golda Meir Library. Many manuscripts. The library is cleverly located across the street from the regional National Archives branch on Sand Point bookmark. Go to the “Genealogy Corner” at: www. and a good surname collection. Largest book collection in the state. Visit the webpage for the “Pacific Northwest Collection” at: www.” a large collection of and histories of early pioneers. Go to the “Genealogy & Special Collections” webpage at: www. Largest family folder collection in the state. wisconsinhistory.cfm?Category=12 Seattle Genealogical Society. West Virginia and Regional History Seattle Public Library.niobrara countylibrary. Genealogy Collection. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www.wa.wvu. Visit this site for a complete description: www.spl. farmers. washington.htm Suzzallo Library. pioneers. tax records. cattlemen. biographies. Cheyenne. West Virginia University Library. . Visit the “Research Library” webpage at: www. The Pacific Northwest and Alaska coverage is outstanding. libraries.wshs. Cultural Center. Morgantown. Cheyenne. Research Center. Wisconsin. Seattle. The best manuscript collection in the state. county histories. West Virginia West Virginia Archives and History Division Library. Wyoming. Wisconsin. land records.digitalarchives. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: Research Library. Original manuscripts. A great historical collection. and Libraries/special/ Wyoming Wyoming State Archives Museum and Historical Department. Charleston. and much more.mpl. Washington. Madison. Tacoma. Richmond. The library’s catalog is online at: www. genealogies. Most of the Draper interviews were with old settlers of the Appalachian region. particularly for German immigrants.uwm. plus Washington. University of Wisconsin— Milwaukee. Go to the “Reference Research and Historical Photos” webpage at: http://wyoarchives. West Virginia.rootsweb. State Library and Archives. homesteading. Washington. West Virginia.htm. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. asp?pageID=collection Milwaukee Public Library.state. This library holds the famous “Draper aids. Milwaukee. Virginia.aspx Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society Library.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 49 webpage at: www. A very good genealogy collection. Milwaukee. Seattle. Laramie County Library. For an online obituary index go to: www. biographies. At the library’s website no one would ever know that this is one of the best genealogy reference libraries on the West Coast.wvculture. with finding aids listed online at: Click on the “Genealogical Sources” link for a downloadable PDF file with a good description of the genealogy resources available. Wyoming. The best manuscript collection in the state. Lusk. tax records. University of Washington. genealogy/ Niobrara County Washington State Historical Wisconsin. and one of America’s best map collections. See the Virginia listing. Seattle.wy. government documents.html The Library of Virginia. The area of presentday West Virginia was part of Virginia from 1607– 1863. and more. Largest manuscript collection in the state. photographs.

50 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE “The last time my wife made me lunch was back in 1995—the same year she got hooked on genealogy.” .

Research Help for the Addicted OK. or have your research project assigned to any of the available professionals. there is a warning that must be issued: genealogy can be addictive. and a recommended buy list of the best genealogy reference books. Their website is located at: www. But if spending $40–$60 an hour for professional help is not in your budget. and you can’t get to the library to find that book you need. online newsletters. and create general havoc for people left at home while the genealogist is off exploring cemeteries. or libraries.. you can specify a certain county. and surveyed local resources available across the country. There is no end to it. Salt Lake City.lineages. They will take on any genealogical project. This is a small group of professional researchers with a good track record for finding lost ancestors. plus full genealogical projects under contract to individuals. Utah. APG has an online membership list and several aids in selecting a professional Lineages. or ProGenealogists. or country of interest in your request and see a list of professionals available who specialize in that area. Visit their website at: www. Salt Lake Heritage Consulting and Services. at this point. You’ve gone through the seven steps. large or small. military researchers.apgen. all of whom use the ProGenealogists service. Then you can smugly refer everyone to your successful genealogy project as “my Internet stuff” and never leave home. Utah. heir and estate researchers.progenealogists. And the first time you leave your computer and head for a library you will be subjecting yourself to this addiction. One solution to this problem is to hire a professional genealogist to prepare your genealogy for you. Visit the APG website at: www. You should have a solid genealogical project under way by now. courthouses. Sandy. Westminster. Utah. This is an agency for professional genealogists. then you should probably feed the addiction by starting your own library. courthouse. you’re almost set. state.. This firm’s success stories include family histories prepared for celebrities such as Bill Cosby and Johnny Carson. With members drawn from all over the world. Colorado. genealogy magazines. translators. A non-profit organization. Lineages provides several individual search packages. They are essentially independent researchers who take on clients supplied by the service. Visit their website at: www. including several published 51 . However. or involved with driving trips to visit long lost relatives. explored the Internet look-up sites. This hobby has been known to foster family fights.heritageconsulting. This addiction happens because the success of finding one ancestor always leads to the desire to find more ancestors. lead to arguments over frozen dinners instead of home-cooked meals. Research Help for the Addicted includes a list of professional research firms. This is the largest genealogical research firm in the country. and lineage specialists. In the near future you may find yourself in a cemetery. Professional Researchers Association of Professional Genealogists (APG). You can hire one by choice. Inc. Inc.

Go to Ancestry’s free “Learning Center” at: www. visit their website at: www.. Another does the same thing for genealogical libraries. Visit their website at: www. with discussions on the latest events in the genealogy world. Internet Genealogy. They also offer subscriptionbased databases and Family Chronicle. including ethnic & Family/Genealogy. This is one of the many “how-to” sites of the major Internet service About. Inc. and historical travel. beginner-friendly genealogy magazine found on the magazine racks of most supermarkets in America. book reviews.00. and it is now filled with articles rather than queries. with several short articles related to genealogical subjects in each issue. and an accessible archive for thousands of subjects for past years. Launched in April 2006. published six times per year by F+W Publications.familychronicle.familytreemagazine. instructions and advice for beginners Research Cornerstones.” http://shops. $32 CND..95. Moorshead has also launched a companion magazine. . Ontario. the magazine has undergone major changes.) Family Chronicle is a well-presented and colorful magazine. published six times per year by Everton Publishers. Genealogy Today. Follows a Blog format and is updated daily. and news. Go to: www.about. The Home Page has links to News and Information. focus on fundamentals of research that are often overlooked Technology and latest technology trends impacting family history research Internet—discover and master the myriad emerging resources available online Book View—discover new publications that can help you in your ancestral research Case Study—readers reveal their “brick walls” and how they got around them. etc.52 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Genealogy Magazines Family Tree Magazine. This specialized portal provides original articles. oral Subscribe to this magazine at “The Shops@ Ancestry. (One-year subscription: $24. It is published in Canada but the articles seem to cater to an American audience.genealogytoday. Databases. and online data sources. Family Tree Magazine does a good job in identifying the resources needed to discover and preserve a family history. published six times per year by Moorshead Magazines.) Regular columns include: Ethnic Sources Step-by-Step: Family History Made Easy. (One-year subscription: $27. news. a well-known Boston genealogist.) It covers several areas of interest to family history enthusiasts. this replaces Ancestry Daily News. asp?productid=1561&shopid=0 GenealogyBlog.ancestry. (One-year subscription: $ Everton’s Genealogical About. databases. General genealogy topics. Follows the Blog format. Logan. Go to: Ancestry’s Weekly Newsletter and Blog. Go to: http:// blog. In the classic Blog format. This is a mass-market. family reunions. (One-year subscription: $27 US. this may be the most popular online newsletter specific to Ancestry Magazine. available as a print subscription magazine or available in full content online. Inc. More recently. Visit their website at: www. published six times per year by Ancestry.) Since 1947. along with products in their marketplace.00. Utah.. Hosted by Richard b/magazine. Ltd. One issue per year lists the names and addresses for all known genealogical societies in the U. Memberships.S. hosted by Kimberly Powell. articles. Canada. Cincinnati.html Online Genealogy Newsletters & Blogs Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter. scrapbooking. For more information on both magazines. The Helper has been the genealogy magazine with the largest number of subscribers—chiefly a place for classified ads placed by researchers looking for other genealogists working on the same surnames. Go to the “Genealogy” site at: http:// genealogy. A subscription newsletter with in-depth coverage is also available. Provo. Ohio. and search tools along with links to the newest sites. North York. this site provides genealogy news and research tips.eogn. new resources. and Marketplace.

County & Town Sources.” The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy. Web site. They are well organized. and the methods and tools for locating more information about their ancestors. and the reasonable price makes it easy to justify the overlapping information.. bibliographies of published sources.S. historians and professional genealogists. This latest release is the most extensive and expansive revision in years. or purchased as the book plus a CD-ROM of the entire book. Inc. Now. the chapters provide the expected information: maps showing current counties. Many genealogists start to build a personal library to help identify sources. This edition can be purchased as a printed book. Well written and well Inc. There are updated descriptions of major record collections available in each state and addresses that help you go straight to the sources. But all of these books are available from retailers all over the country. historical overviews.. parent county. Red Book consistently ranks high on the ‘must-have’ lists of several well-known genealogy publications. and not just to confirm info from the Handy Book. Compared with other books. Inc. including critical dates. Ancestry. This book is. I already had the Handy Book for Genealogists and considered the two to be too close in content to justify the expenditure. 11th edition (Logan. Arguably the finest reference ever compiled on United States research. marking the first revision of this seminal The Family Tree Resource Book for Genealogists: The Essential Guide to American County and Town Sources. I received an offer for the purchase of the Red Book at a discount and jumped on it. such as the existence of independent cities and townships whose records might not be in county-based sources. information about special repositories. parish and town-hall contacts. Most of these titles are frequently listed at eBay. an advantage for users of The Handybook is the layout of the county lists. after sitting down and doing a side-by-side comparison of the two books. simply put. it covers every aspect of the subject. and listings for county. I have a second source to confirm the first. The selected list of books below represents the very best reference books currently available.Research Help for the Addicted • 53 The Top 20 Reference Books for Genealogists Soon after entering the search for your ancestors. With over one million copies in print. 2000). The top twenty genealogy reference books are as follows: work since 1992. edited by Alice Eichholz. the format for the local records sources is easier on the eyes. However. (Provo. Excerpts from a critical review by the American Library Association: “Arranged alphabetically by state. once it arrived. Greenwood. I find myself reaching for this book time after time. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. where one can sometimes find a used copy for a bargain price. maps by William Dollarhide. The Handybook is an is unveiling a new third edition. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State. edited by Sharon DeBartolo Carmack and Erin Nevius (Cincinnati: Family Tree Books. and address book—the most comprehensive guide available for family history research. and types of records kept and dates begun. 2006). UT: Everton Publishers. I thought about returning it. address. libraries. actually. I realized that there is some very different information between the two. where reduced prices may be found as well. indispensable!” The Handybook for Genealogists. 3rd edition. This new 3rd edition incorporates the latest thinking on . The information is more current [than the Handybook]. The Handybook has been the “Bible” for family history research for decades. This is the leading text on the subject of genealogy and the text of choice at every college-level genealogy course in the U... Each listing provides the date of establishment. Librarians will want to add this new tool to their collections. history book. a quest for more information begins. the research tips are quite pragmatic. There are certain things I find easier to understand in the Red Book. including Barnes and Noble and Amazon. only to realize later what I had done. in celebration of an impressive 15 years in print. 2005). Publisher’s description: “The Red Book is the culmination of several years’ worth of research on the part of scholars. not to mention the different perspective offered. phone number. UT: Ancestry. 3rd edition. and if I ever question information in one. [Also includes] tips. All are available directly from the publisher.” Comment from a reviewer: “I purchased this book by accident. by Val D. and details are easy to find. 2004). Both are quite useful. where the text and maps are viewable and searchable for any word. such as the Red Book.

Whether you’re a brand new genealogist trying to figure out where to begin. Little else has changed.g. and compiled records (family histories. the Map Guide clearly shows the modern county boundaries for every state as well as the contemporary boundaries as they appeared in each census year. birth. lead a researcher in the best possible direction for further research.C. Hispanic. it is also put together in a very scholarly manner. No. This work serves as a guide through the maze of published records for beginner and expert alike. this new work addresses materials that have arisen from authors’ compilations and synthesis of the original data. The comparison may reveal areas not yet in a particular county for a particular census year and. Three appendixes provide information on CD-ROMs. Learn where to find and how to use vital resources like: databases. Excerpt from Library Journal: “For those just beginning their family history research. If we have an understanding of the county boundary changes.” The Source has the answers. with black lines showing the older condition overlaid on the same map. Inc. or a seasoned expert who’s hit the proverbial “brick wall.” Printed Sources: A Guide to Published Genealogical Records. business and employment records. Luebking. and more.). 3rd edition. censuses. 1790–1920. edited by Loretto D. It also includes a new chapter on the property rights of women. military records. by William Thorndale and William Dollarhide (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. 1997). military service and pension files. Szucs and Sandra H. African-American. Librarians and researchers will appreciate the depth and detail of information provided. D. finding aids. and is a very comprehensive review of genealogical source materials. because the basics of genealogy remain timeless and immutable. vital records. On all of its 393 maps.. ensuring its value and usefulness for a long time to come. court records. Additional chapters focus on tracking ethnic origins using immigration records and other resources for Native-American. and Jewish-American research. The Source. etc. 2000).54 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE genealogy and computers. 1): “Every once in a while a new book comes along which most genealogists should not be without. Meyerink (Provo. periodicals). or needs to be changed. and Printed Sources.S. death. and genealogical publishers and booksellers. This is truly a wonderful book. major U. and other finding aids. Thorndale and Dollarhide’s Map Guide is not only helpful for the assistance it provides. we have a better guide to places where genealogical records are maintained today.. It is well illustrated and well documented. a revised chapter on the evaluation of genealogical evidence. This is done with a gray and white background showing the modern condition. indexes. census records. Kvasnicka (Washington. This reference covers genealogical source materials in great detail. By starting with a modern state map to locate a particular place. 1998). atlases). ships’ passenger arrival . With a wealth of knowledge packed into 840 pages. directories. Keeping abreast of the ever-increasing amount of new materials often proves difficult for even the seasoned researcher. specifically the relationship between computer technology (the Internet and CD-ROM) and the timeless principles of good genealogical research.S. Inc. The National Archives contains a wealth of information about individuals whose names appear in census records. by Anne Bruner Eales and Robert M. 64. Four sections include background information (how-to books.” Map Guide to the U... the number and variety of printed sources can be overwhelming and confusing. obviously prepared with a great deal of work and care. this is a required purchase for all libraries. genealogical libraries. (Vol. It is enjoyable to study even when not seeking assistance on a problem somewhere between 1790 and 1920. 2nd edition (Salt Lake City: Ancestry. as a result. begin with outlines of key concepts and sources to be discussed and end with helpful bibliographies. Chapters. A fine line can be drawn between this publisher’s classic work. While the first book defines and explains “original” records (e. land and tax records. Inc. church records. many contributed by well-known genealogists. UT: Ancestry. The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy. printed original records.: National Archives and Records Administration. 1790–1920. marriage and divorce records. Excerpt from a review in The American Genealogist Guide To Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States. This is such a book. and cemetery records.. and updated information on the 1920 census. Federal Censuses. edited by Kory L. even if their own collections do not contain so many sources. 1987). the Map Guide maps will vividly reveal the county boundary changes.

and the author’s treatment of this little-understood concept is nothing short of brilliant. historical societies. and names of contact persons. and 4) Other Useful Records encompass land records. will aid family researchers in the National Archives I & II. this A– Z directory of family associations provides addresses. Inc. booksellers. by Elizabeth Petty Bentley. a researcher’s chance of locating a person in land records is greater than any other genealogical source. Inc. merchant seamen. naval and marine service. 5th edition (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. state land grants. passenger arrivals. 2) Military Records explore records of the regular army. Summed up in a few choice sentences from the introduction: “Successful research—research that yields correct information with a minimum of wasted time and funds—depends upon a sound analysis of evidence. contact persons.. is home to the largest body of accessible research materials in the world. Library of Congress. Wade Hone (Salt Lake City: Ancestry. Censuses taken by the states are different from those taken by the federal government and often stand as excellent substitutes for missing federal censuses or as finding aids for periods between federal censuses.Research Help for the Addicted • 55 lists. 2005).. by Christina K. The volume is divided into four sections.. claims records. Lainhart (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. records of the District of Columbia. reunion committees. but it is not enough. Writers. attorneys. private land sales. The validity of any piece of evidence cannot be analyzed if its source is unknown. Inc. land records. and Librarians. edited by Elizabeth Shown Mills (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. For family historians who want to do their own study. the local LDS Family History Centers. and other pertinent information for more than 16. phone numbers. Inc. Inc. bounty land warrants. This book describes the records of public domain land. Editors. archives. 3) Records Relating to Particular Groups include those concerning civilians during wartime. professional bodies. and civilian government employees. giving names.500 libraries. FAX numbers. 4th edition (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. and more. Bureau of Land Management. 1997). and medical scientists who seek professional researchers. DAR Library. it describes the standards.. Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian.. For hobbyists. by Ann S. Inc. 1996). Washington. by E. volunteers..C.. Schaefer (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Like a national yellow pages for genealogists. Inc. this book puts you in touch with all the key sources of genealogical information. newspaper columns. business hours. genealogical societies. government agencies. and one-name societies. 1992). publishers. Maps of the public domain as divided by the Government Land Office are very helpful. 2001). research centers. This unique book provides the family history researcher with a reliable standard for both the correct form of source citation and the sound analysis of evidence. homesteads. and other records. by Elizabeth Shown Mills (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.. Professional Genealogy: A Manual for Researchers. by Elizabeth Petty Bentley. websites.. Source citation is fundamental. and naturalizations.. Directory of Family Associations. Lecturers. addresses. D. surname registries. religious organizations and archives. e-mail addresses. special interest groups. reliably.. pensions. Professional Genealogy is a manual by professionals for everyone serious about genealogy. each with a number of chapters: 1) Population and Immigration Records include censuses. and more.. This book is a guide to state and territorial censuses and the repositories where they are now located. miscellaneous records. Based on responses to questionnaires sent to family associations. Citing a worthless source is an effort that produces worthless results. African Americans. Land and Property Research in the United States. 2001). and cartographic records. phone numbers. and many other types of documents of interest to both beginning and experienced genealogists..” The Genealogist’s Address Book. periodicals. This book identifies the resources that . In successful genealogical research these two practices are inseparable. services. and databases. Since land records are more complete and go back further in time than any other type of record. Native Americans. it’s a consumer’s guide that de- The Center: A Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area. vital records offices. 1997). State Census Records.

The purpose of this book. the Internet. The Complete Beginner’s Guide to Genealogy. The book contains numerous addresses for web sites. It won’t teach you how to write HTML or the ins and outs of every software program for genealogy or the web. and how to access these records. Herber. Inc. by Michael Tepper (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. The book focuses on making a quality genealogy web site that will be the best research tool possible. This books guides the researcher through the substantial British archives. and minutiae of “history. finding clues to primary sources. Arlington. Inc. tional Genealogical Society. when an ancestor has a criminal record. NGS description: “This book is designed to walk you through the process of creating your own genealogy web site.56 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE fines quality and facilitates choices. by Pamela Boyer Porter and Amy Johnson Crow (Rutledge Hill Press/ National Genealogical Society. What are your chances of finding a record of your ancestor’s arrival in America? This book tells you what records are available in the National Archives for the major ports and for what time periods. ProGen explains the process.” American Passenger Arrival Records: A Guide to the Records of Immigrants Arriving at American Ports by Sail or Steam. it provides a bridge to the methods. 1993). Inc.. but it will give you everything you need to make those programs work well within your plans for your site. and locating photographs on the web. by Mark D. Online Roots. sources. by Cyndi Howells (Rutledge Hill Press/Na- . Ancestral Trails: The Complete Guide to British Genealogy and Family History. A manual for modern genealogy—designed for the beginner but useful even to the most seasoned researcher. up-close and personal.. tying the fundamentals of genealogical research to the infrastructure of computers and websites. It includes chapters that guide researchers to the records that are more difficult to find and use. so newbies and veterans alike can benefit from this book. How to Discover Your Family’s History & Heritage with the Power of the Internet. and Your Genealogy Computer Program. NGS description: “Second in the new National Genealogical Society Guides series. 2nd edition (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. as well as samples of HTML and e-mail messages to use during the process. Planting Your Family Tree Online: How To Create Your Own Family History Web Site.. it offers benchmarks by which they can advance their skills and place their businesses on sounder footing. The modern world of genealogy combines the traditional methods of research with the awesome power of computers and the Internet. Arlington. giving a detailed view of the records and the published sources available. Creating a genealogy web site can be as simple or as complex as you like. analyzing each record and guiding the searcher to finding-aids and indexes. checking modern lists and resources. poll books. by Karen Clifford (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. For librarians who struggle to help a whole new class of patrons.. such as wills. VA. a combination so powerful that it has transformed the way we do genealogy. parish registers. VA. is to train the researcher in this new methodology. and property records. 2003).. researching military records.” Topics covered include: judging your sources. The companion web site was created for two reasons: to give owners of the book a current set of links for the online references listed in the book and to give owners of the book the ability to easily copy and paste the samples from the book. And for all those who dream of turning a fascinating hobby into a successful career. 2003).. civil and ecclesiastical court records. 2001). therefore. 2006). this book will make your online search more effective and productive. It will help you assess the accuracy of what you find and help you get the most out of the Internet.” For established genealogical professionals.

...................... 60 Pedigree Chart (Master Form for Photocopying) ............................................. references) ......................... 63 Family Group Sheet (Master Form..... back side.. 59 Pedigree Chart Sample ....... front side) .............................................. 64 57 ............................................................... 61 Family Group Sheet Sample (front side.............Master Forms Family Data Sheet Sample . 58 Family Data Sheet (Master Form for Photocopying) ............ 62 Family Group Sheet (Master Form............................................. back side) .....................................

58 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE .

Master Forms • 59 .

60 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE .

Master Forms • 61 .

62 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE .

Master Forms • 63 .

64 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE .

. Designed as a beginner’s guide. . this little book will help you do it. If you ever wanted to trace your family online.If you’d like the book. Getting Started in Genealogy Online packs more clout than any 64 pages ever written on the subject of online genealogy. THE AUTHOR William Dollarhide is the author of over ten books on genealogy and the editor of the popular magazine Genealogy Bulletin. See full description here . a durable print version is available from the publisher .