Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE

New book from Genealogical Publishing Company
has everything you need to know about social networking in genealogy

Drew Smith

This book describes the wide array of social networking services that are now available online and highlights how these services can be used by genealogists to share information, photos, and videos with family, friends, and other researchers. Each chapter guides you through a unique category of social networking services using genealogy-related examples. From blogs and wikis to Facebook and Second Life, author Drew Smith shows you how to incorporate these powerful new tools into your family history research. Specifically, you’ll find chapters devoted to the following social networking concepts and services: • • • • • • • • • • • • Blogs Collaborative editing Genealogy-specific social networks General social networking (Facebook) Message boards & mailing lists Photos & video sharing Podcasts RSS feeds Sharing personal libraries Tags Virtual worlds Wikis

THE AUTHOR Drew Smith, MLS, is an academic librarian with the University of South Florida in Tampa. An expert in digital genealogy, with a lifelong interest in family history research, he is Director of the Federation of Genealogical Societies and President of the Florida Genealogical Society of Tampa. He is also a regular contributor to Digital Genealogist magazine and is co-host of the weekly Genealogy Guys Podcast.

We invite you to subscribe to "Genealogy Pointers," the free weekly enewsletter produced by, the online home of Genealogical Publishing Company (GPC) and Clearfield Company. GPC and Clearfield are the oldest and largest publishers of genealogy reference books and CDs in the world. Every issue of "Genealogy Pointers" is full of special product offers and excellent tips for tracing your roots. "Pointers" readers are also the first people to learn about new products from our publishing companies. To get an idea of what our free e-newsletter has to offer, you can view the most recent issue of "Genealogy Pointers" at The newsletter includes a terrific listing of free websites you can use to track down living relatives, a oneweek sale on Midwestern books and CDs, an essay on some of the major reference books in royal and noble genealogy, and even a preview of the kinds of articles you will find on our blog, We hope you enjoy reading the newsletter and then decide to subscribe to "Genealogy Pointers." To do so, simply CLICK HERE or go to our Home Page ( and click on the "Genealogy Pointers" link on the left side of the screen.












com has been able to offer affordable access to more than 1. . Inc. International Parish Register Ryerson Index Queensland Family History Society Inc. Come join us in our mission to bring the world’s best genealogical records together online. And Many More . Partial List of Our Publishing Partners Archive CD Books Australia..3 billion records.Your Gateway to The World of Genealogy Search 1.. .3 Billion Records to Find YOUR Ancestors Census | Birth | Death | Marriage | Biography | Military | More . . A Service of FamilyLink. United States Genealogical Publishing Company Gould Genealogy AllCensus British Origins Everton Publishers NewspaperARCHIVE Eneclann Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild The Statue of Liberty — Ellis Island Foundation E-Yearbooks Familias Argentinas FindAGrave Godfrey Memorial Library Quintin Publications Simmons Historical Dundurn Group Find My Past By partnering with premier content providers throughout the world WorldVitalRecords.

Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE William Dollarhide .

Maryland 21211 No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means. including photocopying.. Suite 260 Baltimore. Inc. without permission in writing from the author and publisher in any manner whatsoever except in cases of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews. 3600 Clipper Mill Road.Copyright © 2006 William Dollarhide All Rights Reserved Published by Genealogical Publishing Co. or by any information storage or retrieval system. electronic or mechanical. recording. Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 2006924535 International Standard Book Number 0-8063-1770-1 Made in the United States of America .

Preface ............................................................................................................ 7 How to Start .................................................................................................... 9 Step 1. Step 2. Step 3. Step 4. Step 5. Step 6. Step 7. Family Interviews ..................................................................... 9 Contact Other Relatives ........................................................... 10 Get the Death Certificates ........................................................ 11 Follow up Death Records ........................................................ 12 Federal Census Search ............................................................. 15 Billions of Names—Find One ................................................. 17 Family History Library Catalog Search ................................... 19

Where to Find More ...................................................................................... 21 Search for Book Titles on the Internet .................................................. 21 Important Genealogy Websites to Bookmark ....................................... 22 Lineage-Linked Sites ............................................................................ 24 Genealogical Software and GEDCOM Utility ..................................... 25 Find More at the National Archives ...................................................... 26 Regional Archives and Other Facilities ................................................ 26 Genealogy Resource Centers in the States .................................................... 29 Research Help for the Addicted .................................................................... 51 Professional Researchers ....................................................................... 51 Genealogy Magazines ........................................................................... 52 Online Genealogy Newsletters & Blogs ............................................... 52 The Top Twenty Reference Books for Genealogists ............................ 53 Master Forms ................................................................................................. 57 Family Data Sheet ................................................................................. 58 Pedigree Chart ....................................................................................... 60 Family Group Sheet .............................................................................. 62


Books by William Dollarhide
Published by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore: Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920
(with William Thorndale) (1987)

Managing a Genealogical Project (1988) Genealogy Starter Kit (1st ed., 1993; 2nd ed., 1998);
also published under the title Getting Started in Genealogy (2001)

New York State Censuses & Substitutes (2006) Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE (2006) Published by Heritage Quest, North Salt Lake, Utah: Seven Steps to a Family Tree (1995) Map Guide to American Migration Routes, 1735–1815 (1997) British Origins of American Colonists, 1629–1775 (1997) America’s Best Genealogy Resource Centers
(with Ronald A. Bremer) (1998)

The Census Book: A Genealogist’s Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules, and Indexes (1999) Grow a Family Tree! (2001)


If you ever wanted to trace your American family tree, this book will help you do it. Genealogical research is a process of discovering where written facts about your ancestors can be found. It has been said that over half of human knowledge is knowing where to find it. But that was before the Internet. Now we know where to find it. The object of this book is to reduce the process of genealogical research to its most basic elements, enabling the raw beginner to be brought up to speed in no more time than it takes him to read a handful of pages. At the same time it is a one-stop resource book for the practicing genealogist, providing in one convenient place the names and web addresses of essential record repositories. This book begins with a How to Start section outlining a unique seven-step system for gathering facts essential for any genealogical project: interviewing family members, contacting relatives, writing for death records, following up on death records, census searching, name searching, and Family History Library searching. These are the building blocks of genealogical research, the only prerequisites demanded of the researcher. A Where to Find More section follows, giving the websites of the most important genealogy “look-up” sites, lineage-linked sites, genealogical software/GEDCOM sites, and a list of the various branches of the National Archives and their web addresses. A comprehensive listing of Genealogy Resource Centers in the States comes next, giving the websites of the most important genealogical collections in libraries, archives, and genealogical societies for all states, followed by a Research Help for the Addicted section, with a listing of research firms, genealogy magazines/newsletters, and the most important genealogy reference books. In the back of the book are Master Forms used to keep track of the information gathered—specifically a Family Group Sheet, a Pedigree Chart, and a Family Data Sheet— all designed for making photocopies as needed. In a world choking on information, where prodigious feats of learning are required just to function, where explanations turn into textbooks, isn’t it a relief to find all the right stuff in just 64 pages!



How to Start What Do You Know? In the back of this book is a form called a Pedigree Chart. In a large family. The Internet is going to be your main source for collecting information. If you receive and save Christmas cards from and so on. or any other living relatives. For example. marriage.) Or. Sketch a similar diagram on scratch paper or make a photocopy of the chart and then try filling in the blanks with names. a tombstone inscription. you may already have their postal addresses. or burial. sisters. if you know that your grandmother died in California in 1984. Where (a place) Who? A full name. Go to: www. You may discover that others in your immediate family have different stories to tell. Write in the names and details using your memory only. social security record. married. or when you find evidence of residence. parents. Where? This is the most important one—it is the place where a person was born. if you know that your father was born in Alabama in 1932. the experiences and memories of the oldest child may be quite different . you can send for a copy of his birth certificate. lived. Start with your immediate family members—in person. is important. If someone in your family has ever done genealogical research. because that is where the records are stored today. etc. you can get a death certificate. (You would have to know the place he was born to know where to write. then a funeral record. including a maiden name for a woman. such as land records. and places. Who (a name) 2. residence. a cemetery sexton’s record. Therefore. before jumping into the billions of names listed on the Internet. and on and on—all because you know the place of death. for example. Compare your memories with the memories of your brothers. marriage. or died. Online: Have you tried a Google™ search of your name? See what happens when you use your father’s surname and mother’s maiden name together. 9 Step 1 Family Interviews The first step is to find clues by interviewing members of your family. The place is the key element in doing genealogy. dates. more importantly. voter registrations. start with these steps: What Do You Need to Start? There are three things you need to know about someone to pursue his genealogy. by telephone. Finding genealogical references to a person begins when you discover the jurisdiction where a written record was first recorded—a record of birth. death. but it can be an overwhelming experience without going through some steps to refine your research project. When (a date) 3. If you know all three items for an ancestor in your pedigree you can obtain much more information.) is needed to locate a person somewhere within a certain time period. tax lists. what you don’t know about your After doing this you should have a pretty good idea of what you know and. grandparents. When? An approximate date for a genealogical event (a date of birth. They are the three “W’s”: 1. for example. or e-mail. there is a chance that you can find the results of that research on the Internet. a church record.

when you did the work. As you gain more information. By understanding where each child was born. Here is the place you can identify all of the children of an ancestor. Cousins sharing the same grandparents may have completely different memories and impressions. states. keep a record on the Pedigree Chart. understanding the place is the key to finding any written evidence of a person’s life. Try to obtain the names. married. See if a reunion is possible. Thus. Suggestion: start a file with notes for one surname. This is because they share the same parents. perhaps there’s an old journal from the family farm business. Include the names of spouses of these siblings too. Another form in the back of this book is a Family Group Sheet. a Family Group Sheet should be started. the Family Group Sheet is a place to identify your ancestors as parents with all of their children. If you tend to scribble and take notes on napkins or scraps of paper. jot things down in such a way that the notes can be copied later onto 81/2" × 11" sheets. You may be better at keeping notes in your word processor. We identify a complete family group. Start keeping notes on standard sheets of paper that can go in a standard loose-leaf notebook. you will have more places (towns. dates. the place is the key. These may be distant cousins or a great-aunt you really do not remember that well. Always ask about the places where people lived. along with their marriage dates and places. Again. For each married couple shown on the Pedigree Chart. try to organize the notes in some logical order. Try www. they are branches of the tree that may lead you to a common ancestor (they all share the same ancestors as you). yet they share the same parents. Interview questions. Moving back to the next generation will be much easier if you have more than just your direct ancestors to use for records and sources. and see what kind of family . lived. or sending off an e-mail message. counties. These notes will prove invaluable as you gather what you know about your family. You need to contact them. But whether you write it by hand or type the information into a computer file. either by writing a nice folksy “long-time-no-see” letter. The dates and places where brothers and sisters were born will show the movements of the family. Online: Can you locate phone numbers or e-mail addresses for your close family members? How about a “White Pages” look-up. Step 2 Contact Other Relatives Your homework should reveal names of other relatives. Use the key words “white pages directory” in a Google search to find them. cities.msn. Begin your note-taking with the idea that someone besides yourself may read them someday. or died. Are there family photo albums? Are there old letters sitting in a trunk somewhere? Are there any family papers of any kind? Insurance papers? Think of things that are in your home or close relatives’ homes that may give Dad’s name or Grandma’s recipes. By showing the brothers and sisters of your grandfather. with all of the facts about each member of that family. See if you can visit cousins in person. Who ended up with Great-Grandmother’s old Bible? Has the family ever been mentioned in a book? Maybe an old history of Jefferson County? Is there a famous person to whom you are supposed to be related? And be sure to ask everyone in your family if they know of anyone who has ever done genealogical research on any part of the family tree. Include notes to yourself about the research. Your cousins are sources to you now. greatgrandparents. Remember. countries) to find written evidence relating to the parents—your for their free directory look-up—but there are many others. and places for each brother or sister of your parents. who you contacted. Note taking. grandparents.10 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE from those of the youngest child. using your telephone. and so on. An important rule that should be followed as you fill in the charts is to treat the brothers and sisters of your ancestors as equals. for example. While the Pedigree Chart only identifies direct ancestors. This is how we have success in genealogy. Record the family data. you will have a worksheet for a family group. Collect and record any information you learn from the interviews. The Family Group Sheet is a very important tool. etc.

You do not need to know the city or county where a person died. Generally.S. add full names. the cemetery where the body was interred. The standard death certificate form for all states includes important information about the deceased. grandparents. and all U. death records may be available from a county courthouse. All fifty states are represented. Usually. parents. and great-aunts. The exact date and place of birth and death should also be on the certificate. where detailed information about accessing death records can be found. and any other information you can add. the certificate includes the name of the person’s father and maiden name of the mother. and the “informant” (the person who provided the information for the death certificate). the fee for obtaining a birth. you will learn more information about your own ancestors. giving some information about your ancestors. this is an easy thing to do. divorce.vitalrec. Even with a name like Johnson. marriage. time For other relatives. You can create a letter or e-mail message that you copy and send out to those you can locate with that name. and asking if they know of a connection to themselves. If you take these steps. You are related to someone because you share one person as a common ancestor. Statewide registration of vital records started during the period 1900– 1920. Remember the rule of treating brothers and sisters of your ancestors as equals. Before that. you may have to pay extra to have the state vital records office search a span of years for a person who died. territories or possessions—with links to vital records offices in many countries around the world. however. supported by most of the state vital statistics offices with frequent updates. . Add the names of a spouse. the funeral director. You can find other people with that name using phone books or city directories. Besides the cause of death. children. or death record. knowing a name. It is now time to send for copies of death certificates for any of your parents. should be enough to locate a person’s death certificate. with secure online payment using a credit card. aunts. This is one of the best free-access websites anywhere. great-uncles. This can really pay off. too). But if your name is Johnson—have you considered going into stamp collecting? Sorry. Identifying relatives. Step 3 Get the Death Certificates After you have gathered everything you can from your relatives. or children. and a direct link to a website. Online: Go to www. Most of the state vital records websites give you the means of ordering a copy of a vital record online. You will be able to find the vital records office of interest. however distant. in addition to parents and grandparents. is a valuable way to add more details about your own ancestors. and an exact place where your own Johnson lived. you may learn the name of the person’s spouse. you can have success writing letters and sending e-mail messages. approximate date of death. there may be restrictions based on the length of time since the death occurred. and all but a few states have vital records from about 1910 forward. In addition. spouse. etc. death records are open to the public if the request is from a direct descendant of the person who died. grandparents. the date the records begin. That means you should attempt to get a death certificate for uncles. you will learn the deceased’s social security number. just kidding. so that a query can be recognized for any possible connection. such as parents. An unusual or uncommon surname (your last name) is a benefit. Each generation back in time should reveal more relatives. Many successful genealogical projects were started by just contacting people with the same name. If you know the state in which the person died.. On more recent death certificates. To make contact with a person with a surname like Johnson.How to Start • 11 memorabilia they may have. your Pedigree Chart should have a few more details than when you first started. such as copies of photographs of their very own grandfather (who happens to be your grandfather. plus the District of Columbia. Today the best way to look up someone is to use the many “White Pages” available on the Internet. Offer to share any information you learn with them. or close relatives who have died.

but if you designate yourself as an “Educational Professional” you will be or just one source is not enough. You need a document that you can cite as the source of the information.) If you answer “Consumer” in the registration form. most with direct links to the local website. the funeral director will have this information. Funeral directors are well versed on other funeral home businesses in their area. plus a search for active cemeteries and a limited supply of newspaper a birth record may still be available from a county courthouse near the place the person was site and locate a state. etc. Both of these directories are online at the Nomis website: www. particularly if all you know is the state where a person died. or Canada. (Funeral homes rarely go out of business completely.funeralnet. So even if the name of the funeral home from a death certificate does not appear in any modern listing. address. These records may have details not found anywhere else. Online: Go to the www. (those where burials are still done). Someone else may not have known all the facts.. At this point you may have enough information about a married couple to obtain a copy of a marriage record. You can contact a funeral home and ask if there are records concerning a person’s death and funeral service. a funeral director in the immediate area can probably tell you what happened to the records of that old mortuary. To get an address and phone number for a funeral home anywhere in the U. The National Yellow Book of Funeral Directors. Under that state will be listings of all counties with the local vital statistics registrar (county clerk. Get a funeral record. If the date of birth precedes statewide registration (about 1900–1920). Nomis wants you to register to use the website. And. and they limit access to those involved in the funeral industry.12 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Why a death certificate? Because it is the starting point for learning an exact place of death. Funeral directors are usually very easy to talk to and cooperative (they want your family’s business). With a death certificate in hand. including the exact location of the plot.S. you will now have some very specific and necessary tasks to do. you need the death certificate to get the other evidence relating to a person’s death. recorder. you need to follow up any clues you learn and get some other records: Get more vital records. One document. one memory. It is estimated that 20 percent of all death certificates have a mistake on them. call or visit a funeral director in your area and ask to use his directory of funeral homes. the same office is the keeper of divorce records. Even if you have exact death information for a person from family sources. the next step is to follow up what you have learned from the death certificate. This site has the same database of funeral homes supplied by The National Yellow Book. Step 4 Follow up Death Records When Grandpa died. Online: The National Yellow Book is published by Nomis Publications of Youngstown.). you will be taken to another free funeral website: www. Since there are several types of records relating to a person’s death. For each death record. (It may be a stretch. This directory gives the name. you still need to get a copy of a death certificate. they are more often taken over by another. Putting these other items of evidence together is how you prove something. Someone else did it. A death certificate may mention the name of a funeral director. including those that may have changed their names since a death certificate was issued.) . If the name of a cemetery was not mentioned on the death certificate.g. If the death certificate gives a date and place of birth. he had very little to do with the information written on his death certificate. and phone number of every funeral home in North America. Nomis also publishes a directory of active cemeteries in the U. Next. and it is updated every 12 months. you often pick up the names of relatives to the deceased not mentioned in other records. Ohio. and you need more than one document (for every genealogical event) if you ever want to have the proof of relationship. you can send for a copy of a birth certificate. html. Since the one piece of information you can count on is the place the person died. e.

Funeral directors are also experts on the location of cemeteries in their area.html. and place of death (from the death certificate).g. i. mountains. the nearest school. they may provide you with the names of local researchers who will do the work for a fee. ask about the cemetery where the person was buried and whether they have an address or phone number for the cemetery office. If so. You can immediately send for a copy of the deceased’s original application for a social security card. include a self-addressed stamped envelope (SASE) as a courtesy.webjunction. Bowker. and this database is how you find the exact location. published by R. click on “Domestic Names” and then “Search Get an obituary. All you need is the name of the cemetery and the feature (cemetery) to initiate a search for that name.. including towns. e.—and over 100. For any person who was . (Google says there are 387.” Such a search will bring up the website itself. the death certificate includes his social security number. Go to your own library and ask for the American Library Directory. At the Main Page. If the cemetery is mentioned on the death certificate or found in the funeral director’s records. etc. can be located in a database provided by the U. which leads to the next item: GNIS” to go to the query form. With the modern name and address in hand..000 named cemeteries. try a Google search using the key words “obituary index Oregon” to see what comes up.e. the nearest church. streams. of New York.S. see if that business has its own website.). Online: A special website that provides direct links to libraries is the Libweb site (Library Servers via WWW) http://lists. or at least know who might be the keeper of records for the cemetery.yelobk. including small family plots located on old homesteads. Get a cemetery Send off a message asking for help. They may be on microfilm. The place names taken from the USGS topographical maps and indexed in the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) are the most complete and comprehensive of any place name database.How to Start • 13 With the exact modern name and place of the funeral home. Do a Google search for the name and place. has this book. directories/online_directories.funeralnet. When you contact the funeral home. A newspaper obituary was probably published soon after the person’s death. Online: check the directory of active cemeteries listed at the Nomis site at: www. funeral home. you are in luck.S. date of death. From this database it is possible to print a detailed USGS topographical map of the area. If you write to a funeral director. If you believe your subject died in Oregon. many include obituaries. Get the address for the library nearest the place your subject died and write a letter requesting a copy of that person’s obituary from a local newspaper. Every library in the U. Inc. but if not. called a form SS-5. Provide the full name. Included are named features found on the maps.R. as well as any reference to that funeral home from some other source (such as a genealogical report that lists names of people. place of death. Most library websites have a place to e-mail questions to them. and to make it easy for him to return something to you. Try a surname from your Pedigree Chart: many rural cemeteries were named for the first family donating land. If you can find a website for a particular funeral home. Get a Social Security record. There are many old obituaries extracted and indexed on the Internet. Or visit the www. Obscure inactive site to find an address. including the exact latitude/longitude location of the cemetery. you should be able to find its e-mail address as well. do a Google search to see if that cemetery office has its own website. although most of these cover only a short time in the recent past. If a person died within the last 30 years or so.000 entries meeting that key word criteria. There may be a record at the office of the cemetery. Most libraries will do this type of look-up for you. Geological Survey. Old newspapers from the town where the person died are usually available in the local library.usgs. “Jerns Funeral Bellingham. Use the map to find other genealogical resource centers near the cemetery. the nearest courthouse. Go to: http://geonames. look for websites for newspapers. and the gravestone inscription may be revealing as well.) Also. etc.. the cemetery is now a source of information.

but no proof of relationship). you will learn something new about the person. newspaper obituary.14 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE employed from 1936 forward. and name and address of an employer. Jonnson. dates. All deaths reported to SSA are included. The search form at this site includes a person’s first name. an indexing system that groups names by their sound rather than exact spelling.rootsweb. you need to add as much information about the person as possible: date and place of birth. last name. but there are a few omissions due to the handling of social security accounts for surviving spouses or for people who never had a social security number. .” which creates a custom letter to the Social Security Administration asking for a copy of form SS-5 for the selected person. The SSDI is online at several websites. Online: The Social Security Administration provides an index to deaths that is open to the public. For example. etc. and even suspicious people). Copy the letter to a word processor file and you have the means of printing and mailing the letter to the correct SSA address. This is primary evidence because it was written by the person himself. Use the name of any deceased person to get the letter. and place of residence. com/. After you have a death certificate. and 3) suspicious people (those who have the right name. the year SSA began computerizing its records. great-grandparents. collateral ancestors. The application was filled out by the person and includes his own signature.genealogy.g. The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) is updated quarterly and includes the name of nearly every person in America who died since 1962. grandparents. KS-3. e. The letter also can be used to request a copy of the SS-5 for a person for whom you do not have a social security number. 2) collaterals (siblings and their spouses and descendants). In such cases. As you receive documents through the mail. From the notes collection you will be able to add names. In fact. such as Johnson KS-1. Then. and as more records are added you can separate the notes and documents by the places people lived. One notebook can be organized by the surname of the ancestor. Refer to the backside of the Family Group Sheet form at the back of this book to see how “References” can be identified. Johnson. cemetery record. One with free access is available at the RootsWeb site: http://ssdi. you need to file them (or copies of them) along with your research notes in a notebook. Any hit for a deceased person who looks like your subject allows you to click on “SS-5 letter. and so on. the Kansas Johnson notes in another group. KS2.. and possibly marriage and divorce records. then modify the letter to be specific to your subject. address at time of application. this is the best way to find out the social security number for a person who died. Keep all three types together in the notes collection. your chances of getting this record are very good. and places to the Pedigree Charts and Family Group Sheets. etc. and so on. separated by the place where the record originated. Even if your subject does not appear in the SSDI because the date of death was before 1962. you should follow up and obtain a copy of the deceased person’s birth certificate. the chances are very good you can obtain all of these follow-up records. separate the Iowa Johnson notes in one group. and a social security SS5 record. the online index at the RootsWeb site can be useful for creating the letter asking for a copy of the SS-5 form. you will have a “source code” that can be used on the Family Group Sheet. date and place of birth. The fee for obtaining the SS-5 is mentioned in the letter. The surname search can be modified to include soundex spellings. And you will be rewarded with a great genealogical document. Your note collection can include references to 1) ancestors (parents. you could have one notebook on the Johnson ancestors (plus people who married into the Johnson family. Piles of paper. time period. The SS-5 gives the person’s name. names of parents. etc. maiden name of mother. and social security number.). name of father. date and place of death. as well as a funeral record. From each document you obtain. Review. And you will be gathering primary genealogical records that will prove every statement you make on a Pedigree Chart or Family Group Sheet. occupation. For any person who died during the 20th century. middle name(s). The search does not require the social security number and can be done just for the surname. Jonsen. If you assign page numbers to your notes.

or a place of birth on a death certificate that says your great-aunt was born in New Jersey. And you will be collecting the records that may give a place where a person was born. for census years after 1840. the federal census was taken by listing the names of every member of a household. such as the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. If any of your ancestors was living in the U. Missouri.) A soundex index is a method of indexing names by removing extra letters from a name that sound alike. try scanning the image of each document. Census records have become a major source for locating the place where an ancestor lived and. The cards now appear one after another on a roll of microfilm. on microfilm. which have microfilms for all surviving censuses from 1790 through 1930. 1790–1930. hired hands. but for off line research. website. they listed the names of the heads of households living in every state. This provision has become a boon for genealogists.C. or individuals. or died. adding the picture file to your word processor textual notes collection. If you are near one of the facilities with all census microfilms. the soundex Step 5 Federal Census Search You can now build on the information you have gathered so far. the 1930 does not have a complete soundex index like the 1920. All state libraries/archives have complete sets of census microfilms for their state. divorced. in 1920. as a result. making the federal census schedules a tremendous source for finding families living in America. however. You will have success in finding primary documents for your immediate families. one for each head of household. Often the place indicated is the state and not the county. because the first five censuses (1790 through 1840) not only counted the population.S. married. From 1880 on. Next. and lists every member of the household by name. the latest federal census open to the public is the 1930 census. But the electronic files need the same organizational attention to “source codes” for each page of notes.How to Start • 15 If you want to reduce the manual paper drudgery. And the original paper documents you gather need to be put in a safe place. A federal law protects the privacy of any person named in a census for a period of 72 years. House of Representatives. Complete surviving manuscripts of the censuses. and even immigration information. The old census name lists survive for all censuses except 1890 (which was destroyed in a fire) and certain states for the period 1790–1820. education. children. D. (Find these facilities at the www. . the next step is to find the exact place where a person lived from the federal censuses.archives. and many have sizeable collections for surrounding states as well. such as an obituary that says your grandfather was born in Alabama. lived. organized by state and alphabetically by the soundex code. The soundex index was originally prepared by the WPA in the 1940s on 3" × 5" cards. The federal census is how you find the name of the county in Alabama and New Jersey in which the events occurred. Indiana. and the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne. To apportion the U. are now located at the National Archives in Washington. and then coding the hard sounds of the remaining letters.S. occupation. You may be able to look at these microfilmed census lists at a library near you. which has a unique soundex index to every head of household and for all states and territories.) A few other national library collections have all federal censuses. (The 1930 census is online. the Mid-Continent Library in Independence. Beginning in 1850. as well as double letters and all vowels. The many thousands of original population schedules from the 1790 through 1930 censuses have been microfilmed and made available to archives. the starting point is the 1920 census. the best place to look is at one of the regional branches of the National Archives. spouse. personal wealth. Therefore. Larger city libraries may have at least their state’s census microfilms. This indexing system allows you to find a person in the census whose surname can be spelled different ways. the United States Constitution has a provision that a nationwide census of the population shall be taken every ten years. 1830–1930. learning about his date and place of birth. the census schedules list the names of each member of a family with their relationship to the head of the household.

1900.” There are two very useful websites designed just for finding census records online. census-online.rootsweb. such as “1860 census online Name indexes included at HeritageQuest Online are only for the heads of households for most years. You can do a search for a name in the entire database of censuses. but the most important aspect of census searching is the ability to find precisely the place on the ground where someone lived. but the black and white images of every census page are often clearer and easier to read than the Ancestry grayscale set. and any countywide census database can be accessed with a direct link from this site. This site is only accessible at a subscribing library or institution—there are no individual subscriptions. Click on “Websites. To find one. which will be described later. Ancestry will try to sell you a subscription first. A subscription (upwards of $200/year) is required to access Ancestry’s records and images.” After a search and subsequent list of names. 1910. These book indexes are found in the same libraries and archives as the census microfilms. it was these printed census indexes that became the basis for most of the census indexes online today. But there are many subscribing libraries that allow their patrons (those with a library card) to access the site remotely. This will bring up the categories of databases available. Federal Census by Year.S. gives a list by state of every commercial site. the name list will be site is also complete for all federal censuses. 1790–1930. and indexes for 1870 are partially complete. go to the main RootsWeb page at www. click on the “Search” tab at the top of the Ancestry Home Page screen. and 1930 censuses each have a soundex index. www. only the 1900 and 1920 are complete indexes for every household in America. There are many details about families that can be learned from the census schedules. and with the most every-name indexes. Check with your local library to see if they subscribe to the HeritageQuest Online databases and whether that library will allow remote access to This is the website for the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. the Home Page for the Ancestry site has a search form for finding names of people in their various database collections.” Go to the second part of the census search screen. 1790–1930. But to look at an individual record or image from the lists of names. The site. The http://heritagequestonline. all of which are finding tools. The 1880. But the results will also include names from many other databases. you can use them to focus your search for a surname or narrow your search down to a specific county of residence. All census schedules from 1790 to 1930 are organized by the counties within each state or territory. And as you begin to learn the residences where your ancestors lived. Published statewide census indexes exist now for the period 1790–1860 for all states. Before the advent of online census indexes. including a link to the image of the census page on which a name appears. each item can be reviewed in more detail.familysearch. 1920.censusfinder. For focused census searches. There are other federal censuses online at various RootsWeb sites. Of these. you will open the door to many more genealogical sources related to that place. (Ancestry says they have over 4 billion names. 1790–1930. But for a name like James Johnson. The most complete. including “US Federal Census. Therefore. Online: The scanned images of every page of all federal censuses. it is usually more efficient to search each census year “Search a Specific U.) Use this form to search for a single person and the results will show hits from all of the censuses. does the same .” Or do a Google search for a specific state and year.16 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE index is the way to find them on a census page. Even without a subscription. www. but they do offer a 14-day trial membership for free. are online at several sites on the Internet. The other website. In fact. which can be useful if the name is uncommon.ancestry. Since these soundex and printed indexes are organized on a statewide basis. where limits to a person’s approximate date of birth will help narrow down the search. are those at the www. many computerized name indexes to censuses were published in books. 1790–1930. A compete searchable 1880 federal census is online at the www.

The compact disc version (discs 1–105) of the Pedigree Resource File contains more family in- Step 6 Billions of Names—Find One Surfing the net to retrieve genealogical data starts with two important “look-up” websites designed specifically for initial genealogical and HeritageQuest Online sites. Identify the copies by assigning a page number. think of a means of keeping them in notebooks where they can be revisited as needed. date of birth or death. death. You can test this by going to the FHL Home Page and searching for James Johnson. but since the sites are updated at different times. a range of years for the event. 1880 Federal Census. Here are the major databases included in the Family-Search look-up: Ancestral File™.) 1881 Canadian Census. i. But for more common surnames. This online index includes individual records with site and the same page (scanned image) of the census But try the search again by adding an event (birth. and the list can narrow to only a few hundred entries. parent information. etc. Your census searching will be successful. If the surname is uncommon. state) of the event. International Genealogy Index™. etc. A collection of linked families. with records that have been submitted by individuals through the FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service. exact spelling of a name or soundex spelling. and place: www. A family found here is hot-linked to the Ancestry. American vital records. The IGI has over 250 million entries for the U. submitted by people from all over the world.S.S. a shotgun approach to searching the Internet in the look-up databases still needs to be oriented to the Name— Date—Place criteria. and residences of people extracted from a myriad of local resources. you can make copies of these pages. such as European parish records. you will be presented with an endless list of people with the name James Johnson worldwide. Census records will add more paper to your collection than any other resource. date. so try not to place them on the pile. either electronically as picture files or directly to your printer. perhaps as many as 25. Piles of paper. and a place (U. court records. A database of names. and at least that many for all other countries. Keep going and find your families as far back as possible. Pedigree Resource File™. you will be inundated with unknown people. Starting with the 1930 census you will find your ancestors and you will be led to where they lived at the time of the 1920 census. Use both sites to find a countywide census extraction online.. A database containing over 105 million names online. Here are the two main lookup services which allow you to search for a person by name.How to Start • 17 thing in a slightly different format. Several generations of your ancestry can be identified using census records alone.e. and more. .com is required if the link starts at the FHL FamilySearch site. The lists are nearly the same.familysearch. place of birth or death. (No membership in Ancestry. Therefore. An every-name extraction for all Canadian provinces and territories. A hit on a person listed here allows you to locate the name and address of the person who submitted the information.000 entries. An every-name index and extraction of the census which can be displayed on the screen for one individual or one family exactly the way the names appeared on the original handwritten census schedules. some with several generations. Since the census images are online at the Ancestry. If you type just the first and last name and start the search. and Canada alone. and separating them by surname and place.). searching for just a person’s last name will be rewarding. and submitter information. A name search here takes you through the combined indexes of six major databases. This is the Home Page of the Family History Library (FHL) website. see what is new at each. with literally billions of names. and the searches can be done using several distinguishing criteria. dates. adding them to your notes collection.

a membership is not required to search the databases for the names. . and places of every person on your Pedigree Chart. Remember. www. Within each category a name search can be done. . plus many records with notes and sources (but not all). After your census searches and those in the databases at FamilySearch. So it is possible to survey the names of interest from the Ancestry site and then decide if a membership is warranted. Social Security Death Index (SSDI). An active genealogist is destined to sign up for an Ancestry membership because the databases available are so unique and important to genealogical research. date. Do a search for every ancestor on your Pedigree Chart and every member of a family from your Family Group Sheets. Be specific to a name. Extend these searches to every member of a family and you will be well on your way to a full genealogical presentation through at least four generations. You will find that many of the Ancestral File and Pedigree Resource File entries are names submitted by other genealogists. and you are now responsible for confirming any relationships asserted in these files. Based on the number of visits. Family Facts -Surname Distribution -Place of Origin -more . . This version of the SSDI (unlike the one at the RootsWeb site mentioned in Step 4) is not linked to a “SS-5 Letter. Military -WWI Draft Registration Cards -Civil War Service Records -more . and rarely are sources cited for the information they submitted. .18 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE formation.ancestry. and places of your ancestors. dates. Newspapers & Periodicals -Historical Newspaper Collection -Periodical Source Index -more . . from the Social Security Administration. Directories & Member Lists -New York City Directory. Immigration Records -New York Passenger Lists -Passenger & Immigration Lists -more . Reference & Finding Aids -Genealogical Library Master Index -Ancestry Map Center -more . and place to narrow down the number of names that will appear on the hit list. . . . . Another approach is to browse the record categories. . Ancestry ranks in the top ten of any website in the world. dates. either by contacting the submitter or repeating the research they did to arrive at the relationships. . . You should have a pretty good handle on the names. Marriage & Death -Social Security Death Index -Obituary Collection -more . And with over one million paid subscribers. . Searching the FamilySearch site is going to reveal more possible ancestors and collaterals. In any search the resulting list of names can be viewed. 1890 -Early UK and US Directories -more . Land & Probate -Texas Land Title Abstracts -Middlesex. . Family & Local Histories -AGBI -Slave Narratives -more .” but having the names integrated into the other databases is useful. you will have collected more paper than you thought possible. . .com. perhaps This time go to the Home Page search. it is one of the most successful commercial sites of any kind. .com and Ancestry. . An abbreviated category list includes the following: Census -US Federal Census -UK Census Collection -more . Birth. Trees & Community -OneWorldTreeSM -Message Boards -more . You cannot extend your pedigree without documentation that proves a relationship. . Court. but access to the records or images requires a subscription. MA Probate Index -more . Your first visit to the Ancestry site was to search the federal censuses. . . . .

county. such as wills. including Almanacs. birth. and vital records.) These topics relate to statewide records.S. For example. and so on. As a result. estate papers. so to look at a list of topics for one county of that state. the equivalent of 6 million 250-page books can be found in over 2. make a list of every county identified as a place of an event from your Family Group Sheets. death. voters’ registrations. This is the Home Page for the Family History Library. Online: Go to: www. but to be thorough. Censuses. this library is open to the public. and it is the same place you visited earlier for a name search in the FHL databases. In addition.” then “Family History Library Catalog. Since the county of residence is the most important place for finding more information.” Select the “Place Search” option. Using the online FHL catalog. voters’ registrations. military lists. Are there birth records? How about land and property records? Maybe there is a published history of the county. particularly the name of a county rather than just the name of the state. civil court records. This will take you to an alphabetical list of topics for that state.5 million rolls of microfilm. public services at the county level are the most frequently used. and a whole range of source material currently Bible Records. Utah. military lists. Do this survey for every ancestor on your Pedigree Chart and for every member of a family shown on your Family Group Sheets.How to Start • 19 Next. Even if a person lived in a county for just a few years. Utah. Virtually all of the topics contain name lists. or probate records. the next step is to find out what resources are available to you from a U. The best place resources (for the world) are found at a library in Salt Lake City. abstracted. These resources may include published histories for a county. or death record may be there. (For example. or microfilm publications containing genealogical information for . all available on microfilm. Look for resources that may include the name of your ancestor. and marriage records. or perhaps extracted. Many of these county courthouse records are on microfilm at the Family History Library (FHL) in Salt Lake City. click on “View Related Places” in the top right hand corner of the state topic screen. a researcher will discover that every county courthouse in America is an untapped treasure chest of information about the people who lived in that county. and the array of genealogical resources found there can only be described as “astonishing. maps. a person’s birth. which gives a query box to type the name of a place. you can call up a list of any books. Step 7 Family History Library Catalog Search Searching census records and the main look-up sites will provide precise information about a place of residence for a person. This will present an alphabetical list of the counties of that state. registered cattle brands. This time click on the tab for “Library. such as tax lists.familysearch. but you may discover that there were state censuses taken in that state as well. Some will be from the same county. and historically. Select a county and you will be presented with a topic list for that county. Here is the place to determine which county records have been microfilmed. It is now time to start a location search for more genealogical information in that county. licenses to engage in business or service. Type the name of a state first. original court records on microfilm. which has state censuses from 1825 to 1925. At any state topic list you will note that the microfilmed statewide federal censuses are listed in detail. Cemeteries. and administrations. Business Records. Think of it as a “to do” list. there are tax lists. or indexed in books. Make a note of those that look like a place to continue looking for evidence of your ancestor in that county. There are 3. Archives. Operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. censuses and tax lists.141 counties in the United States.” In addition to nearly a half-million books on their shelves. periodicals. check New York. marriage. the chances are very good that his name is written down in a courthouse record of some kind. If a person ever bought land there will be a deed record in the courthouse. Bibliographies.

To locate one near you. county. Nearly all of the resources are available on interlibrary loan.” .” These are the seven steps in Getting Started in Genealogy Online. and other places where genealogical information is available about past county residents. You will note that there is a thread that connects each step: the place where an ancestor lived. territory. Outside the courthouse. when you discover a new name.20 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE any state. “All I did was go on the Internet and ask for a printout of the Johnson Family. museums. libraries. For example. knowing the right county of residence narrows the search for cemeteries. genealogical societies. This is how you start a genealogical project. You should repeat the seven steps each time you identify a new ancestor. or town of the United States. The new information may jog an old memory that did not surface the first time around. go to the link at the FHL site Home Page for “Family History Centers. go back to your relatives for their memories. and anyone can make use of a local Family History Center to borrow rolls of microfilm. or for countries all over the world. It is the most important ingredient needed to pursue your genealogy because the place is where records are stored today.

” If the seller provided an index to names in a book (many do). mainly as a means of learning what records have been published in books or are available on microfilm at the Family History Library. and there are many ways of finding almost any historical or genealogical book title a current auction with a detailed book description and indexed names can be found using the keyword search (advanced).com. such as omitting certain words. the most important genealogical look-up sites are identified below. obscure genealogy titles can be found here. www. eBay has a growing number of auctions under the category “Everything Else > Genealogy. New York.” limits the first hits to that exact phrase. but refine the search to include “titles and descriptions. Search for any title or author to see if you get a hit. you can get the exact title of the book from your FHL catalog search. you may find it thousands of times. type in the full title of a book and you will find it. www. The Google Advanced Search allows for more creative searching. and the resulting list is well presented. This is also a good place to find a bargain price for a used book. specifying must words or phrases.barnesandnoble. most online searches should still be related to the Name—Date—Place criteria. you will get thousands of added hits for anything in which one or more of the words are relevant. histories. But first. but also used books available from affiliate and for . You can search for a specific title using several generic browsers and other genealogical look-up browsers with great success. To be successful in finding more genealogical information. Enclosing the title in quotes. good reason: the number of search hits is about double that of any other and vital records indexes. The FHL catalog search (Step 7) was a survey of the places of residence for your ancestors. such as a county history. particularly for CDs of census indexes.. “Genealogy and History of Montgomery New books are listed. The search engine at Google is the world’s most used browser. Without the quotes. e.Where to Find More After going through the seven steps for Getting Started in Genealogy Online there will still be holes on your Pedigree Chart. or using words from a title only. There may be a greater number of CDROM publications at bargain basement prices here than anywhere else. Add the word “online” to the search criteria and see what happens. Barnes and Noble is the world’s largest bookseller.” Often.ebay. your “to do” list may include several published books. You can search by author or title. To do this. 21 Search for Book Titles on the Internet If you want to find information about a particular book. With the “to do” list compiled from your FHL catalog search. In fact. Virtually every book in print or recently out-of-print can be found at Amazon.. You also can search some of the most important library collections through their online library catalogs. an extraction of vital records. you can now begin a systematic search for these same resources that may be online. a census index. And your Family Group Sheets will also need more details for each member of a family. In the Google search box. Here are the best websites on the Internet for finding genealogical publications: www. Keyword searching is possible for any title.

Columbia World Gazetteer. Canada. Locality searching here may bring up records found nowhere else..00). with articles dating back as far as the (GPC).cfm. Easy to search.C. This is the Home Page of the Godfrey Memorial Library of Middletown.. from virtually all counties of the U.html. vital records. the largest publisher of genealogical titles in America. This is CATNYP. www.genealogical. This is the website of the Genealogical Publishing Co. Search every word of these digital copies of America’s earliest newspapers. Connecticut.loc. www. Maryland. compiled by the department Early American Newspapers (Readex). New York City. www. The premier library online In addition to a unique American genealogy collection. Included are these library-only online databases: OCLC and HeritageQuest Online sites. and military lists.2 million biographical sketches including more than 3 million spouses. Search their online catalog to find one. abstracted court records.lib. including cemetery transcripts. Indiana. Narrow your search to just marriage notices or obituaries. articles. Important Genealogy Websites to Bookmark The FHL catalog search was the start for finding resources relating to a state or county in the U. print. Search more than 1. www. and the world. with more than 5. Massachusetts. It has become the primary source for digging up genealogical information published in periodicals—name lists. Quickly find obituaries.000 books and CDs. and newspaper data of all types.000+ libraries around the world. and the “to do” list you compiled can now be used to see . The catalog search enables you to find a book title by subject or author.000 total titles as far back as 1847. Daughters of the American Revolution) in Washington. The ACPL Historical Genealogy Department includes the largest number of printed county histories of any American library. This is the online catalog page for the Library of Congress in children. allowing anyone remote access to special online resources not normally accessible outside of a library.280 feet (one mile) of shelves with Ideal for quickly identifying the county for every city. etc.dar.acpl. This is the online catalog of the DAR Library (National Society. Major cities or obscure villages. GPC is responsible for many of the primary research publications needed by genealogists.S. most of which have never been published anywhere index. More Newspapers. of Baltimore. http://catnyp. A recent addition to their website is a name search to some 30 million names indexed from GPC’s 2. or save. this site is a must. parents. This is the Home Page of the New England Historic Genealogical Society of Boston. PERSI is a featured online database at both the Ancestry. Publications are easy to locate here.. Marquis Who’s Who. Inc. and their online catalog at this site is the place to search. It would stand to reason that the largest library in the world would have an excellent genealogy collection. Name searches are available at the Home Page. The department also holds the largest English-language genealogy and local history periodical collection in the world.100 current subscriptions and nearly 10. The library has 5. fully cataloged online. manuscripts. this source will give you the background information you need.22 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE www.. This is the “Genealogy” page for the Allen County Public Library (ACPL) of Fort Wayne. Quickly gather background information on any place in the world. For people with New England D. military lists. Individual names and articles may be accessed through the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI). Separate collections of more than 3.htm.godfrey.000 historic newspapers from across the U. http://catalog. cemetery extractions. What makes the DAR library unique is the thousands of submitted manuscripts from local DAR research teams all across the country. Invaluable genealogical tool. and original family histories. the UK. the online catalog of The New York Public Quickly find any book about your family among 58 million titles held by 30.nypl. this library has annual memberships (for under $40.C. D.

For example. Genealogies. There are several important websites where you can start this search. all linked to a specific website. with six times the number of websites and a simple concept of reducing all searches to just two categories: find a surname or find a place. New York. Floods. including Linkpendium. Linkpendium turns out to be a powerful search engine for genealogical subjects. and RootsWeb.S. Using the keywords “History Montgomery County New York. http:/ /wikipedia. why not go there next? www. locality where detailed genealogical information is available. . But there is nothing plain about a site that offers direct links to over 3. Correspondence -Creston GEDCOM Index -Union County Biographies (Source: U. Migrations through Montgomery County . “Statewide Resources. at the Home Page. Linkpendium has surpassed the standard genealogy site locator (Cyndi’s List).org/ (English) defines the word compendium as “a concise yet comprehensive compilation of a body of knowledge. In less than two years. And since many of the Google search results will refer to the Linkpendium site. the exact title of a book is not necessary.” one of the first Google hits listed will be the following: Linkpendium > Genealogy > USA > New York > Montgomery County.” Adding “link” is an apt description of this remarkable compendium of the body of genealogical knowledge. For example. 1882–1898 includes Creston (Source: Genealogical Publishing Company and Clearfield Company) -Creston Directory 1889 (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) -Dodge Township 1876 Directory (Source: Kinyon Digital Library) -more directories History -1876 History of Union County (Source: Kinyon Digital Library) -National Register of Historic Places -Union County (Source: Wikipedia) -Tornados.Where to Find More • 23 if any of these resources are available as online databases. Cyndi’s List. Oral Histories.S. This site has a Plain Jane look about it. or links to a U. Diaries.” followed by a county list. Click on any state to see the first item. click on “Localities: USA” to see the alphabetical list of states. Archives -Family History Library Holdings (Source: Family History Library) -Union County Libraries (Source: Public Libraries Library Directory) -USGenWeb Archives (Source: USGenWeb) Mailing Lists and Message Boards Maps and Gazetteers (15) Military Records and Histories Newspaper Records . 1771 Tryon County New York (Source: Olive Tree Genealogy) · Family Files Surnames Department of History and Archives. Click on a county to see an excellent array of resources for that county. A typical county list of resources may include the following: Linkpendium > Genealogy > USA > Iowa > Union County: Biographies. World’s Fairs and other events Introduction and Guides -Cyndi’s List of Iowa locality links (Source: Cyndi’s List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet) -Union County Research Guide Iowa Genealogical Society -Union County Resources (Source: RootsWeb) -Union Genealogy (Source: GenDir) And there are more items under these categories: Land Records Libraries. Memoirs.5 million websites—links that lead you to websites specific to one surname. Blizzards.linkpendium. . Biographies Project) -Union County GEDCOM Index Cemeteries -Cemeteries of Union County (Source: Interment. if you are seeking something about the history of Montgomery -Cemetery Maps -Gravestone Photo Project (Source: USGenWeb) -The Political Graveyard (Source: The Political Graveyard) -Union County Iowa Cemetery Transcription & Photo Project (Source: The American History and Genealogy Project) -Union County Cemeteries (Source: ePodunk) -Union County Cemeteries (Source: Kim’s Cemeteries of the United States) -Union County Cemetery List (Source: Find A Grave) -WPA Graves Registration Survey Union County Census Records and Indexes (13) Directories -City Directories: Southern Midwest.

cyndislist. (Aberdeenshire. Marketplace. and within each state. Immigration. first for the entire U. and so on).S. Australia. biographies. And Cyndi’s List is international in scope. then by state. Civil War ~ War for Southern Independence U. www.S. based on the time and interest of the volunteers in each. and Migration. places.. first for surnames and second for localities. The RootsWeb/GenWeb websites are updated frequently. (Localities. But overall. Inc. Help from Others. Adoption. and so on). Africa. With the goal of digitizing genealogical name lists. Computers and the Internet. Cajun & Creole. Billed as the oldest and largest free genealogy site. Thus. and some of the latest databases may not be included in the main look-up lists yet. www. Genealogical & Historical Societies U.S. Historical Images Projects Surnames Web sites. Military U. and other material specific to a surname (33) Transportation and Industry Vital Records U. Lineage-Linked Sites A “lineage-linked” database website is a place where genealogists can publish their pedigrees into a large database online. and anything else that can be of value to genealogists. The pedigree details from a GEDCOM file are then merged with linked lineages that have been submit- From the Main Category Index. Sites Library of Congress National Archives Social Security U. AfricanAmerican. and ePodunk county sites.S. Linkpendium has combined all of the Web’s major genealogical locator services into one compendium. An alphabetical listing with no added notes.rootsweb. This is Cyndi’s List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet. Click on “Websites” to see the categories. “No Frills” Category Index. and relationships/lineages for each tree are prepared by submitters in a special electronic format called GEDCOM (GEnealogical Data COMmunication). a website for each county. RootsWeb African-American. both systems are manned by volunteers. Thus. Census U.S. Cajun & Creole. History U. Adoption.—State Level Records Repositories: State Libraries. The names. or indexes Main Category Index. the databases vary from county to county. the standard look-up website for genealogical information since 1996. Linkpendium has become a starting point to find specialized surname and locality sites on the Internet. generated by a genealogical software system. here is an example of the organization for the United States Index: General U.S. The concept of both of these systems is to provide locality websites. USGenWeb sites. History—The Great Depression U. histories.S. This is the Home Page for RootsWeb. Africa.—Vital Records In the above list of websites. note that there are references to Cyndi’s List of localities. and so on). History—Lewis & Clark U. Start at the RootsWeb Home Page to review the organization. obituaries. but going to RootsWeb or GenWeb directly to do the search will bring up the latest entries. An alphabetical listing by subject (Acadian. because there are many online databases that can be searched. Alaska. It should be pointed out that a search in either Linkpendium or Cyndi’s List will directly link to all of the RootsWeb/ GenWeb locality All of these references are to major look-up sites in their own Family History Library topics for a county.24 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Obituaries and Funeral Home Records Photographs.usgenweb. Alabama. Because it is organized by category rather than surname/ place.S. RootsWeb is now owned and operated by Ancestry. Postcards. Topical Category Index. Acadian.S. Searching Cyndi’s List may prove useful for certain categories that cannot be placed in either a surname or locality focus. Austria / Österreich. Archives. with thousands of links to websites focused on genealogy in European countries. Asia & The Pacific.S. RootsWeb is also the host for The USGenWeb Project (www. dates. Alphabetical Category Index. censuses. Courthouses . Cyndi’s List offers several different category lists. an integrated system of websites for presenting genealogical databases online. Emigration. Ethnic Groups & People. vital records.S. all of the RootsWeb/GenWeb sites are places where genealogy gets easier.

000 names in—Ancestry World Tree. More than 400. date of marriage.) Three of the software systems should be noted here: Personal Ancestry File™ (PAF). GenServ—Family History. As a result. OneGreatFamily. Pre-GEDCOM. but more often links are to a spouse only. International Genealogical—OneWorldTree . Links may be to the parents of a person. There are hundreds of genealogical software systems available on the market. but incorrect. names of parents. one submitter may gain from information submitted by another—one who had more names. However. base gathers family trees and family history records for millions of people.000. (No membership required to access this database. Genealogical Software and GEDCOM Utility You need the GEDCOM utility to submit data to one of the lineage-linked databases. More than 420. The main problem is that many of the pedigree links come from untrustworthy published sources. (There are only a couple of systems for the Macintosh.000.000 names. place of marriage. analyzes the birth. Information entered by members can be matched and merged with that of other members to create family trees.) You will note that all ten systems reviewed are for Windows PCs only. Ancestral File. all of the links found in one of the lineage-linked databases need to be taken as “possible” rather than “the truth. Family history files that have been submitted by registered users of the FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service. There are many published genealogies with blatant errors. there is no way for the lineagelinked system to know if the information is correct or not. The data mostly comes from GEDCOM files submitted by Ancestry members. and marriage data. Provides its members with the ability to collaborate and build a worldwide genealogy database. because it depends on the veracity of the submitted information. The database comes from earlier handentered data (some 25–30 years old) rather than from recent GEDCOM file submissions. A good review of the top ten genealogical software systems is at: http://genealogy-softwarereview. . all of the data is subject to confirmation.” In every case you should confirm the information and the sources and contact the submitter. Extensive coverage from European sources. The searchable databases at the Family History Library’s Home Page include the following lineage-linked databases: Pedigree Resource File. includes data hand-entered mostly by LDS members. Over 22.cyndislist.000. but there are just a few that have any great numbers of users. name of spouse. The system provides notification of potential matches with data already contained in the database. This software has a huge user base and is available as a free download from the Family History Library’s website. Go to the Main Category Index and find the category “Databases—Lineage-Linked. From RootsWeb.Where to Find More • 25 ted by others.” If more than one genealogist submits an identical. A free database that allows people to publicly share their family trees with other researchers. and then displays the most probable matches for your ancestors. A checklist of name spelling.500+ GEDCOM Ancestry. place of birth. yet they are often copied by genealogists as “the truth. or extended pedigrees. WorldConnect Project. such as printed family histories. This is an ideal way to share your work and make contact with cousins you never knew about. The best way to access one of the linked lineage sites is to start at Cyndi’s List (www. To get the GEDCOM utility you need a genealogical software package that includes that utility.” which includes the following direct links: Ancestry. links. pedigree. The FHL invented the GEDCOM utility and it is included in PAF. Some sophistication is used by the system to determine if a newly submitted person is the same as one already in the database. This dataSM FamilySearch Internet Genealogy Service— Search for Ancestors. death. When this happens. or repeat the research done by the person who submitted the names. date of birth. (No membership required to access this database. and names of children is done to ensure the match is correct.

Massachu- . passport applications. Available for about $30. Archives II—Reference Branch. and children.26 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Family Tree Maker™. A product of Ancestry. The GEDCOM utility in RootsMagic compiles the information faster than any other software system. 8th and Pennsylvania Ave. National Archives and Records Administration. It has the best layout of a pedigree. Waltham. parents. e. National Archives and Records Administration. 1790–1930. Massachusetts.S. a genealogist can start with any genealogical software system. Pittsfield. dates. with over 2 million users. soundex and printed census indexes. D. four Research Centers. As a result. Website: www. The two main branches of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) are in the Washington. ★ Northeast Region (Boston).archives.00. military and pension records. and links to spouse. which describes the nature of the archival materials with the most value to ★ Northeast Region (Pittsfield). and general information about both archives is at the NARA website at www. The GEDCOM utility included in virtually all genealogical software systems has become the standard method of transferring linked genealogical files between computers. The research centers (indicated with a ✩) have case files from the various federal district courts.) The GEDCOM utility built into FTM includes direct submission of files to the OneWorldTree database.. National Archives and Records Administration.. 8601 Adelphi Road.. RootsMagic™. area.rootsmagic. including all names. Washington. and public domain land entry files. Regional Archives and Other Facilities The National Archives and Records Administration recently reorganized by combining thirteen Regional Archives.C. This facility also houses the Cartographic and Architectural section. with 65. (Basic version is about $30.W. DC 20408. The largest selling software. But the GEDCOM utility has really proven its value as a means of submitting genealogical information to an online database. SM genealogists. College This section also has drawings from patent After the data is entered into a software database. This is the main branch of the National Archives. a large collection of aerial photographs of the U. or source references. which has the original topographic maps produced by the United States Geographic Survey beginning about 1888. MD 20740.00 from the publisher at www. National Archives and Records Administration. This software is probably the easiest to use.archives. on microfilm. and two National Personnel Records Center facilities. Frederick C. then decide to change to another system by exporting a GEDCOM file from the first system and importing the same file into a second system.. and the National Personnel Records Center facilities (indicated with a ✪) have military personnel records and federal employee personnel files.000 rolls of microfilm having importance for genealogical research. and many more original records. Both of these facilities have significant records of importance to genealogists. it can be purchased from their site. In each regional archives branch (indicated with a ★) there is a reading room with all federal censuses. federal censuses. every item can be converted to the GEDCOM format. or plus many other manuscripts. plus all notes. descendancy. ships’ passenger arrival records. The two facilities are described below. plus many other federal records. N. including homesteads. Inc. textual biographies. family group.g. places. Archives I—Reference Branch. This can be done with no loss of data. Records include U.html Find More at the National Archives Finding genealogical records in their original form should start with the National Archives.S. An excellent overview of the record groups in these facilities is in the book Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States.. and has custom-printed reports that can go to your word processor for editing. It’s a way of advertising your work and to find other people working on your surnames. Murphy Federal Center.

Washington. Alaska.archives.html ★ Central Plains Region (Kansas City).html ★ Pacific Region (San Francisco).archives. ✩ Central Plains Region (Lee’s Summit). New York.archives. Laguna Niguel.html ✪ National Personnel Records Center. Lee’s Maryland. National Archives and Records Kansas City. Anchorage.archives.archives. Illinois.html ★ Rocky Mountain Region (Denver).gov/st-louis/military-personnel/ index.archives.archives. Website: www. National Archives and Records Administration.archives. Website: www. Fort Worth.html Texas. Website: www.archives.archives.html ★ Northeast Region (New York City). Saint Louis.archives. Georgia. Website: www.html ★ Mid-Atlantic Region (Philadelphia Center City).gov/northeast/ nyc/index.archives. National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records index. Military Records Facility. Website: www.archives.archives. National Archives and Records Administration. Missouri. Dayton. Website: www. Website: www. Website: www. . Website: www. National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration.html ★ Southwest Region (Fort Worth). New York. Pennsylvania.html ★ Pacific Alaska Region (Seattle). anchorage/index. Website: index. National Archives and Records Administration.html ★ Pacific Region (Laguna Niguel). National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration. Ohio. Website: www. San Bruno.html ★ Southeast Region (Atlanta). Seattle. California. Website: www.html ✩ Washington National Records Center.html ✩ Great Lakes Region (Dayton).archives.html ✩ Mid-Atlantic Region (Northeast Philadelphia). Missouri.archives. Website: www. National Archives and Records Administration.archives.html ★ Great Lakes Region (Chicago). National Archives and Records Administration. Civilian Records index. Saint Louis. National Archives and Records Website: East Point. Colorado. Denver. seattle/index. laguna/ suitland/index. National Archives and Records Administration.html ★ Pacific Alaska Region (Anchorage). Denver Federal Center. Website: www. Suitland.Where to Find More • 27 setts. National Archives and Records Administration. Website: www.html ✪ National Personnel Records index. pittsfield/index. Website: www. Philadelphia. California. Website: www.

28 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Genealogists enjoy the quiet. . serene atmosphere of their local library as a place for research.

A good collection of books. Websites are given for each facility. Alabama. maps. libraries.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States After surveying the national sources for evidence of your ancestors.ak.state. Since original genealogical references are most often found today in a repository near the place where a person resided. manuscripts of local and family history. local historical and genealogical periodicals.htm Alaska Alaska State Library. Alabama. Juneau Alaska. Visit the “Local History and Genealogy” webpage at: www. or in a library or genealogical society.html Mobile Public Library. Visit the online catalog page at: http://hpl. etc. and a starting point for genealogical research in all time periods of Alabama. Although the Family History Library in Salt Lake City has a great number of these local records on microfilm.lib. they don’t have everything. Go to the “Genealogy Guide to Resources” webpage: Samford University Library. us/genealogy/genealogy. the Irish Historical Collection focusing primarily on counties Cork and Kerry. Birmingham Public Alaska State Archives. county. Alaska.lib.htm 29 . Alabama. A very good genealogy department in its own and census records.html Draughon Library. deeds. Excellent genealogy and religious history Includes a good historical collection of early Alaska a survey of the local. Huntsville.bham.auburn. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: http:// library. Auburn. Every county represented with local records. newspapers. Montgomery. periodicals. county. marriages. and state sources comes next. Alabama. so you need to survey the records available at the local repositories. The archives. Visit the “Genealogy” webpage at: http:// library.samford. Birmingham. and family folders. usually to a “Genealogy Resources” webpage. This is the starting place for research in the earliest Alabama territorial and state records. maps.lib. Visit the “Genealogists & Historians” webpage at: Special Collections & Archives. Auburn University. the resources you need may be in a local.archives. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. This library houses genealogical and historical sources primarily for Alabama and the Southeast. or state archives.archives. collections of Baptist and other denominations’ records. Birmingham.state. Alabama. Review the types of records accessible here.html# Genealogy Huntsville-Madison County Public Library. A brief description of each facility’s collection explains why. Mobile.html Alabama Department of Archives and History.state. and societies shown below for each state are listed because of their significance to genealogists. These facilities are the best genealogy resource centers in each Probably the best collection of published materials for Alabama families. The order in which they are listed suggests the way a genealogist might visit them for the best results in locating resource materials. Go to the “Genealogy Resources” page at: www. Juneau.

California. Arizona. org California State Library. folklore.lib. University of California. Arizona. probates. histories. the largest genealogical index in the state (the California Information File. Also. Seattle. Phoenix. us/is/genealogy/index. and religions. plus the entire South.lib. This library has more historical material about western North America than any other facility. black collections/ Arizona History and Archives Division (the State Archives).mesarfhc. Civil War. Locate county records. Old Washington Historic State Park.asu. Fayetteville. Archives and Public Records.uaf. Tennessee. Although its specialty is Southwest Arkansas. Many published materials relating to Arizona history. personal papers. Phoenix. Special archives/arizona. Arkansas. and Georgia en-route to Texas. Holdings include a great newspaper collection for California cities. Little Rock. deeds. check out the Arizona Biographical Database available online at www.ark-ives. Review the resources at the Main Page: www. Included are oral histories.. etc. Visit the webpage for “Collections” and “Digital Collections” at: This library may have as many materials relating to Alaska as any repository in Alaska. Washington. Has two divisions with significant genealogy collections: Arizona Law and Research Library Division (the State Library). California.htm Mesa Arizona Regional Family History Center. miners. Visit the “California Genealogy Resources” webpage . Arizona. Arkansas.html Arizona The Arizona State Library. Tempe. This is a one-stop place for research in Arkansas. Special Collections.southwestarchives. A very active group of genealogists who are always willing to help people looking for Alaska ancestors.html Arkansas Arkansas History Commission Archives. Go to “Finding Aids to the Manuscript Collections” at: http://libinfo. Arkansas Collection. Visit the webpage for the “Pacific Northwest Collection” at: www. Visit the “Arizona Collection” webpage at: www. church records. Go to the “Historical Manuscripts and Photographs” webpage at: www. Alaska.lib. University of Alaska— Fairbanks. state history. Genealogists are well-treated at this facility.uark.lib. Arkansas. this facility has references that can solve some of the hardest parts of research in Arkansas—finding those settlers who came through Arkansas from Kentucky.30 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Rasmuson Library. Ozarks history. early trails. Visit their website at: http://anchoragegenealogy. With 60 million historic manuscripts.cfm Southwest Arkansas Regional Archives of the Arkansas History Commission. Arizona State The Pacific Northwest and Alaska coverage is outstanding. Includes a collection of microfilm for all county vital California Bancroft Library. Berkeley. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Ozarks. the Bancroft Collection is outstanding for early settlers. Visit their Main Page at: www. and original statewide birth and death records. Mesa. and newspaper clippings. Many early records not at Little Rock are at this regional facility for early Arkansas people. Visit their main webpage at: 1846– 1986).com/ Suzzallo findingaids/indexnew.cfm Carl Hayden Archives. A very good genealogy collection and one of the largest Family History Centers in America. University of Washington. scrapbooks. Arizona. and genealogy. Go to the Main Page at: www. business records. Sacramento. Washington. Phoenix.htm University of Arkansas Library. as well as family histories and many other genealogical records. edu/specialcoll/collections/pnw/ Anchorage Genealogical Society. manuscripts. Go to the “Genealogy Collection” webpage at: www. Research.washington. Arizona. Fairbanks.

edu/mssa Colorado Colorado State Archives. and an outstanding library with a great genealogical collection for California and the rest of the country. manuscripts. For a complete review of the materials available go to the “History and Genealogy” webpage at: www.lib. To see a 155page index to the names. A great genealogy collection. Go to “Search the Historical Records Database by Name. early lawmen. Go to their Main Page at: www. Wagon and shepherds. early settlers. More than California. California. This is a library with over 8 million titles. Denver. Stephen H. this library has the best collection. San Francisco. Colorado.htm Connecticut State Library. and more. Connecticut.library. Time Span or Record Type.yale. journals.lib. History and Genealogy Department. New Haven. A very good Colorado collection. Go to the State Library’s Main Page at www. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: Oakland. nsf?Open University of Territorial.htm .org/central/history. Town records. California.calgensoc. Connecticut.000 genealogies. Connecticut. California. Manuscripts. Denver. Go to the “Western History/Genealogy Department” Home Page at: www. and Genealogy. California. miners.cfm early land grants. Go to the Main Page at: www. Colorado. The “Manuscripts and Archives” webpage is at: www.godfrey. places. Burbank. biographies. One of the largest LDS Family History Centers in America. A very active club.htm The Sutro Library. heavy on early California people. 6th Edition. A family name index to the collection is available through the databases link on the library Home Page. Go to the library page to review the materials available: http://nhchs. Visit their Main Page at: www. families. Sterling Memorial Library. See page 22 for other features.html Southern California Genealogical Society and Family Research Library. A branch of the California State Library with an excellent genealogy and local history collection. Godfrey Memorial Library. Connecticut. Los Angeles. miners. Open to the public. Great genealogy collection.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 31 at: Los Angeles Public dpa/doit/archives Colorado Historical Society.larfhc.coloradohistory. Home Page: www. Boulder. Middletown. Library Archives. journals. Home Page: www. cowboys. outlaws. Los Angeles Regional Family History Center. Connecticut. Hart Library. and more. Colorado. military. Puritans and Congregational Church records. New Haven. diaries. diaries. and New England history. Connecticut.” go to the University Libraries Archives webpage at: library. several interest groups. stage lines. and county records statewide. Visit the “History/Genealogy” webpage at: www. Los Angeles.denver. New Haven. entitled “A Guide to the Manuscript Collections. including more than 10. early statehood. Yale University.” located at: www.htm Denver Public Library. Colorado. Of the records that exist for the earliest southern Connecticut and click on “Main Catalog. Denver.scgsgenealogy. County. Sutro is the place for genealogical research in northern California.colorado. Hartford. Compilers of the American Genealogical and Biographical Index.000 volumes. The State Library’s online catalog is the place to find resources statewide. homesteaders.” Check also “Electronic Resources” for the types of databases online. cattle trails.htm New Haven Colony Historical California Genealogical Society and Hartford. edu/archives/index.library. 2005.chs.html Connecticut Connecticut Historical Society. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Western Historical Collection has newspapers. early settlers. and churches.state.

D. For a review of the genealogy holdings. html#genie District of Columbia National Archives I and National Archives II. and Shakers. and without visiting the Archives’ website. Good coverage of colonial records for every hundred and every library/ explore/library/FindGenealogicalManuscripts. Germans. A research center for the District of Columbia. Another set of records similar to the State Archives. An online catalog search is available at www. deaths. black and ethnic. The collection excels in American Revolution. Includes colonial records. Go to the Special Collections Department. A good place to locate early settlers in Pennsylvania. Delaware. Baltimore. histories. org/library/template. visit the “Local History & Genealogy Reading Room” webpage at: www.citymuseumdc. Florida State Division of Libraries and Information Services). plus many lineages submitted by DAR Washington. As an example of genealogical sources found here. Historical Society of Washington.loc. newspapers. and Delaware. Cleveland history. Scotch-Irish. Cleveland.lib. Gray Building.htm Maryland Historical Society Library. Delaware. Visit their website at: www. the Archives has the original 1935 and 1945 Florida state censuses. slavery.aspx?id=122 Florida Florida State Archives (Bureau of Archives and Records Management. Research Library. These unique censuses can be found nowhere outside of Florida.dar. indexes to all burials in a particular DAR Library (National Society. D. abolitionism.) The Library of Congress.asp University of Delaware Library. The main card catalog is the key . all counties represented. Florida. Philadelphia. Newark. Go to the “Family History & Genealogy” page at: www. For A Guide to Research in the Historical Society of Delaware Research Library. (FHL missed these state censuses. manuscripts. The resources in this library are unmatched by any other library in the world. D. “Manuscript and Archival Collections” webpage at: www. Original records of early Quakers. or extracts and indexes to county records such as births.C. The Western Reserve was a region of Ohio settled by refugees of the Revolutionary War from the State of Connecticut. Go to the “Public/Finding Aids” page for a list of databases: www. Washington. Maryland. biographies.C. maps. Thomas Jefferson Building. Online catalog: www. deeds.) Go to the “Collections” webpage for a review of the Genealogical Collection: Do_Research/collections. including grave locations of Revolutionary soldiers. Local History & Genealogy Reading Room. Many unpublished manuscripts. R. See “How to Find Genealogical Manuscripts” at: www.loc. family Bibles. much like the state archives in any state.wrhs. Tallahassee. D. (See page 26 www. church records. including a searchable Probate Records Database online. wills and Hall of Records.fl. New Jersey.C. including periodicals. marriages. newspapers.hsp. most researchers would never know they exist. Delaware. and historical documents. and state and gives anyone access to the huge collection of books.C. A.32 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Western Reserve Historical Society Library. Ohio.html Historical Society of Pennsylvania Library. An excellent genealogical collection and the place to start looking for Florida people.asp?id=148 to locating book titles on any subject. and gengd. Wilmington. Missing go to the “Delaware Genealogy” webpage at: www.dos. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www.cfm Delaware Delaware State Archives.state. shtml Historical Society of Delaware. Daughters of the American Revolution). records.htm Kiplinger Research Library. and other colonial settlers in Penn’s colonies. Civil War.

htm Georgia Georgia Hawaii Hawaii State Archives. Go to: w w w. e d u / s p e c i a l _ c o l l e c t i o n s / index. Grantville.hawaii. bibb. This is the place to locate early Georgia people.byuh. family records.shtml Washington Memorial Library. Online catalog: http://uhmanoa. visit the “Hawaii & Pacific Section” at: www.html Coweta County Genealogical Society and Historical Research Center. hawaii. Georgia. and deaths dating back to 1594. Review the “Special Collections” webpage at: http://library. Hawaii. Go to the library catalog or archives catalog.ufl. l i b s . plus county Bishop Museum Library & Archives. U.lib. newspaper indexes.lib. Orlando. best Florida newspaper archives. Morrow. Pensacola. Yonge Library of Florida History. at this webpage: http:// bishopmuseumlib. Includes Spanish parish records of births. Go to the “Archives & Special Collections” webpage at: http:// w2. immigration records from Collections/index. Online catalog: http://statearchives.georgiahistory. For links to bibliographies. For references to early Georgia settlers this is the largest manuscript collection in the state. Hawaii. county records.asp?bhcp=1 histories. Florida. Lib_and_Archives. Go to the “Genealogy Collection” webpage at: www. marriages.html Hamilton Library. University of Hawaii. title.fl.shtml Pace Library. o r g / w h a t _ d o _ w e _ have/default. Florida. and local history. Visit the Yonge Library webpage at: www.uwf. biographies. An excellent genealogy research facility. both accessible by name. and early Anglos in Hawaii. and more. Middle Georgia Regional Library System. Mariners. Honolulu. county histories. Good coverage of American genealogical sources as well as Florida. Smith Library. For a brief description of the types of records they Orange County Library System. Augustine Historical .lib.lib. newspapers. Georgia. Good place for locating early Hawaiians. St. Best collection of Family Group Sheets for all of Georgia. Hawaii. go to the “Welcome to the Research Library”: www. g e o r g i a a r c h i v e s .hawaii. State government K. and Asians. Research Library. Nearly as many genealogical resources as the Atlanta archives.uflib. subject. documents center. Hawaii government collection. Athens. whalers. A good genealogy collection. Focus on Hawaii. University of Florida Libraries. Visit the GHS “Library and Archives” webpage at: www. Georgia. Gainesville. borderlands. Macon. Savannah. Japan. Pacific Islands.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 33 Orlando Public Library. Go to the “What Do We Have?” webpage at: w w w. P.hawaii.staugustine historicalsociety. This is the starting place for locating references to the earliest Florida people (the Florida Panhandle settlers). Review the resources at their webpage: www. newspapers.html Joseph F. University of West Florida. and index. Drop your names of interest at their website: http://members. Hawaii. Spanish colonial records. Hawaii Campus.htm Georgia Historical Society Library. Honolulu.htm Hawaii State Library. Georgia histories. African-American resources. and Captain James Cook collection.tripod. Largest overall genealogy reference library in the state. family histories. and yearbooks. Florida. Honolulu. Iolani Palace Grounds. The library’s “Special Collections” webpage describes the manuscripts and also leads to The Digital Library of Georgia.ocls. Brigham Young Pacific Islanders. One of the best library collections in the state for genealogy. An excellent collection of materials relating to the first east coast Florida colonists. u g a . Good genealogy collection. Honolulu. Georgia. newspapers.htm University of Georgia genealogy. county records. the earliest church transcripts in America.

civil court case index. Illinois. German. Check out the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. county records. with a genealogical focus on the Midwest. Urbana. For links to County Records on Microfilm and Idaho Naturalization Records. genealogies.htm Indiana Historical Society Library. Indiana. marriages. Indexed vital records. Indiana University. County and state records. McKay Library. Illinois.uiuc. Excellent reference library for locating Illinois people. gov/lib/ishlgen. Original records from all Indiana counties. Old State Capitol.idahohistory. subjects. Indianapolis. farmers’ registers—another archives for Illinois. and one with an aggressive program to index local records as online databases.indiana history. index. Go to the “William Henry Smith Memorial Library” webpage at: www. A larger collection for outside of Indiana than for Indiana itself. Indiana. early Indiana.34 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Idaho Idaho History Center (Idaho State Historical Society. Indiana. Go to “Illinois History ~liblilly/collections.html University of Idaho Library. canals. births.newberry. uidaho. early settlers.html .net/library_ webpage: services. org/genealogy/collections. bases. Genealogy Division.htm David O. and an excellent county history collection (see page 22 for details).byui. One of the leading research libraries in the world.htm Indiana Indiana State Library. and more) at the State Archives website. Illinois.lib.cfm University of Illinois Library. available online. Idaho.cyber driveillinois. County records. Indianapolis. genealogies. Great collection. Go to the “Family History” webpage at: www. British.S.shtml The Newberry lib. farmers.html Allen County Public Library. The State Archives and the Illinois State Genealogical Society have joined forces to provide online indexes ( Springfield. newspapers. biographies. Check out the genealogical research that can be accomplished online at the “Online Databases” webpage. Moscow. Archives PreChicago fire records. probates. Visit “The Collections” webpage for access: www. go directly to the “Researcher Services” www. archives/family/ Lilly Library. railroads. Books. Library and Archives). Rare book library. Indiana. Illinois. with the largest collection of genealogical periodicals in the U. Indianapolis. Historical collection heavy on pioneer settlements. Polish. and oral histories.indiana.illinoishistory. Chicago. Go to the “Special Collections & Archives” webpage at: www. manuscripts: www. Best Indiana genealogy resource Illinois Illinois State Archives. See also the online databases: Idaho State Death Index 1911–1951 and Eastern Idaho Death Records.html#anchor58337 Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. great indexes. Go to: http://www. To access these databases visit the “Genealogy Division” webpage at: www. Boise. Mormons. “Historical Genealogy” webpage: www. County histories. Manuscripts. Brigham Young University—Idaho. Lithuanian.html Indiana State Archives.statelib. and more. BYU-I is responsible for the Western States Historical Marriage Records Index. Bloomington. Idaho. county records. newspapers. library. This is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library. and outstanding finding aids online. Mountain this is a library of national significance. State censuses. Go to the “Special Collections & Family History” webpage at: http:// abish.lib. Springfield. ranchers. histories. Go to the “Genealogy at the Newberry Library” webpage at: www. Fort Wayne. family folders.” a webpage with a very large alphabetical index to names. deaths.

University of Kansas. Many newspapers.html Marshalltown Public Library. Best collection of family folders and genealogical periodicals in Library/lewislib.iowagenealogy. Iowa. Capitol Complex. #genealogy . migrations.aspx Kansas Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas. html Riley County Genealogical Society offers/library_offers. Old Statehouse. Frankfort. A great collection. Native Americans. htm Iowa State Historical Society of Iowa—Des Moines. biographies.groutmuseumdistrict. county records. cemeteries. Kansas. Chryst Library/Archives” webpage at: www. One of the largest and most active genealogical societies in America. newspapers. city State Historical Society of Iowa—Iowa City. Primary records. Go to the “Research Databases” webpage at: http://catalog. and more. Original Kentucky state and county records. manuscripts. Visit their website at: www. steamboats. and more. Best for original manuscripts for early Kentucky history. Visit their website at: www. Good genealogy and local history collection for the Cedar Valley of Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. periodicals. railroads.html Kansas Genealogical Society Library. Go to the “Genealogists” webpage at: www. periodicals. Center for Historical Spencer Research Library. Indiana. land records. The library has special collections relating to Ohio River traffic. Publisher of county records. including genealogy. Microfilm of state records. Kentucky.state. Largest collection of family folders in Kentucky.ku. Louisville. A good starting point to locate Kentucky ancestors. and Library Archives HansLib. Lawrence. Go to the “Information & Computers” webpage (Genealogy) at: www. Waterloo. genealogies. Iowa. histories. pioneers. many not in Indianapolis. Every known printed Kentucky history and genealogy. Kentucky. Kansas Collection.ia. manuscripts. and more.vinu. Vincennes. The Iowa City branch is served by the same website as the Des Moines branch (see above). Genealogy. Visit their website at: www. Newspapers.dodgecity. and a wealth of historical Grout Museum of History and Science Library. Visit the “What the Research Libraries Offer” webpage at: www. Iowa. Family folders.kdla. county indexes. Iowa. This is an outstanding collection of Iowa materials. Manhattan. Not a repeat of Des Moines. government. genealogies. Pre-Civil War records for Kansas are excellent. Des Moines. genealogies. newspapers. Earliest settlers in Kansas well documented in obituaries. Des Moines. books.kyhistory.rileycgs. Kansas. Iowa City. DAR collection. Go to the “Collections Overview” webpage at: www. Like another archives for Kentucky.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 35 Lewis Historical Collection Library. printed genealogies. Iowa Genealogical Society Library. biographies. with county chapters statewide.htm Filson Kentucky Kentucky Historical Society Library. Vincennes University.marshalltownlibrary. This is the place to start locating Kansas ancestors. maps. For details go to the “Hans J. Kansas. Filson Historical Society. Library Archives Bureau. lib. Topeka. Manuscripts. Start at the “Lewis Library” webpage at: www. indexes. If you own a library card from this library you are allowed remote access to the HeritageQuest Online databases. Go to the “Kansas Collection” webpage at: http://spencer. Dodge City. Kentucky.kshs. family folders. early Indiana. Iowa. Marshalltown. railroads. histories.

and Shakers. county records. Maine State Library.ngb. Office of Adjutant General. land records. online Maine. Go to the “Welcome to Special Collections” webpage at: http:// specialcollections. church records. Maine.htm Maine Historical Society Library. Refer to the “Researching Your Family’s History at the Massachusetts Archives” webpage. War of 1812 soldiers through World War I.wku.sec. Acadians. genealogy. University of Kentucky. and much more. ships and shippers. U. towns. which includes “Papers on Maine”: www.html Kentucky Library. A great repository for historical resources.library. The Home Page at their website has links to downloadable databases. Maryland. Go to: www. Jackson Barracks. Baltimore.391+ campus+0039 Louisiana Louisiana State Archives Research Library. Maryland. Go to the “Genealogy Resource Materials” webpage at: www. oral history. family. New Orleans. Appalachian collection. online archives.htm Fogler Library. early Maryland Maryland State Archives. A good genealogical collection. biographies. For links to the library. oral history. newspapers.htm Margaret I.maine. Special Collections.sec. King Library” webpage at: http:// ukcc. New Orleans. Original records from all Maine counties and towns. go to the “Search the Archives” webpage at: www. Excellent collections of early Maine settlers. Newspapers. us/msa/homepage/html/search. Tulane University. and much more.uky. boundaries.state. Like another state archives. counties. archives-library. Louisiana. including southern history. Portland. Louisiana. An excellent list of resources can be viewed at the “Genealogical Materials in the New Orleans Public Library’s Louisiana Division & City Archives” webpage at: http://nutrias. many of the records up to 1820 can be found in the Massachusetts Archives.html Maine Maine State Archives. Confederate soldiers.state. fisheries. Louisiana.S. Go to the “Margaret I. Visit the “Louisiana State Archives Research Library” webpage for a good description of the types of records available: www.htm Massachusetts Archives of the Commonwealth. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. and research guides. genealogies. early settlers. Large genealogi- . University of Maine.tulane. Western Kentucky University. Baton Rouge. Massachusetts.htm Howard-Tilton Memorial Library. maps. and business records are included in the major resources. special collections. History. Visit their website at: www. New Orleans. Augusta.shtml Louisiana Division & City genguide/ library/tip/genealogy. Great collection for genealogists.filsonhistorical. and government documents. Orono. immigration arcgen/genidx. This is the premier resource center for locating early Maryland settlers.maine. Great surname indexes. and historical manuscripts relating to Kentucky. Bowling Jackson Barracks Military Library. Special Collections and Archives.36 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE materials for the Upper Ohio Valley.mdarchives. Maine. King Library.htm Maryland Historical Society. For a review of the resources go to: early militia lists. and a national list of applicants for membership in the United Confederate Veterans after the Civil War. Records for all Louisiana parishes. Maine. rivers. New Orleans Public Library. Annapolis. Go to the “Unique Fogler Library Collections” webpage at: www.umaine. Lexington. Indians. and other indexes. Since Maine was formerly part of Massachusetts. Go to the “Genealogy and Family History Research at MHS” webpage at: www. Over 130 indexes to Maryland deeds. Kentucky. Louisiana. Kentucky.

org/ library_collections/ Michigan Library of Michigan.bpl. Massachusetts. county. Baltimore. htm American Antiquarian Society Library. Bentley Historical Library.000 bound volumes of newspapers from 1704 to 1820. Excellent collection of local. Massachusetts. probates. newspapers.7-16017449_18635---. and genealogies.htm Massachusetts Massachusetts Archives of the Commonwealth. and original materials. Go to the “Burton Historical Collection” webpage at: www.umich. Massachusetts Historical Society Library.mdhs. Michigan. town and county histories. Maryland. Arts.htm Haverhill Public Library. original town records. books. Boston. For a description of the genealogical materials go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. this library’s documents are estimated to account for 75 percent of all recorded printed works generated during America’s first two hundred years of existence. But newspapers are just one of twenty historical categories in which this library’s collection ranks in the top three of all libraries in the U.00. genealogies. An excellent collection of historical materials. Family Bibles. The library’s catalog is online. etc. Unpublished slrc/md/genresearch. htm New England Historic Genealogical Society explore/library/FindGenealogicalManuscripts. Michigan. Go to the “Guide to Conducting Genealogical Research in the Maryland Department” webpage at: www. ranging from children’s books to Maryland Department. Lansing.sec. University of Michigan. Every county of Michigan represented with vitals. many are unpublished genealogies of New England families. Massachusetts. Worcester. Burton Historical Collection. town histories. Boston. mi. genealogy. An excellent Michigan local history and genealogy department.masshist. For the U. Ann Arbor. genidx. Detroit Public Library. Home of the Detroit Society for Genealogical Research. Go to the “Library Collections” webpage at: www. Use this same site to access the State Archives of Michigan.htm . A collection of New England genealogies. not repeats of materials at other repositories. In total.detroit. published histories. travel.newenglandancestors. and Libraries” webpage at: www. genealogies.michigan. Michigan.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 37 cal collection for Maryland.S. Most records are unique.. representing the single largest collection of extant American newspapers for that The name of virtually every immigrant to New England during the colonial period can be found here.280 lineal feet (one mile) of manuscripts. Go to the “Genealogy and Family History Resources” webpage at: www. deeds. html Enoch Pratt Free Library. Biography. Go to the “History. Boston. newspapers. Visit their Home Page at: Lansing. Massachusetts. Haverhill. The library shelves contain over 5. and state books and records. One of the best genealogy libraries in the country. The best overall genealogical collection for New England families.S.state.htm Boston Public Library. Massachusetts. Go to “Researching Your Family’s History at the Massachusetts Archives” webpage: www.haverhillpl. Go to the “Bentley Historical Library—Genealogy” webpage at: www. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www. and more.epfl. newspapers. with great indexes. New England city directories.html alone there are over 18. The size of this library’s genealogical collection ranks with the best in New England.americanantiquarian. Its collection of New England source materials is larger than several better known New England repositories. See “How to Find Genealogical Manuscripts” at: www. This library is best known for its outstanding newspaper collection. genealogies.

Go to the “Missouri Genealogical & Historical Research Guides” webpage at: www.slcl.umsystem.kclibrary. Go to the “Special Collections & Rare Books” webpage at: http://special. original state censuses. Missouri.stcloud state.olemiss. Like another state archives for Minnesota. Missouri. Go to the “University Archives and Southern Minnesota Historical Center” webpage at: Andersen Library. University. biographies.htm tions” Department webpage at: http://library. umn. Go to the “Special Collec- St. html Evans Memorial Library. University of Missouri-Columbia.mnhs. Minneapolis. Use the online catalog at: http://mnpals. genealogy/ Mississippi State. oral history. and it is now an important genealogical research library. Missouri Valley Visit the “Family History” webpage at: www.htm . An excellent collection of Mississippi records. Mississippi. A great list of resources. Louis. Mississippi. Missouri. Good genealogy collection. Special Collections. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www.tombigbee. Search by subject or name in the online catalog at: www. A recent partnership with the National Genealogical Society added over Southern Minnesota Historical Center. and cemetery indexes. Minnesota. Aberdeen. University of Mississippi Library. All Mississippi counties represented with original records. Minnesota. manuscripts. and newspapers. Minnesota. Minnesota State University— Mankato. branches/hq/sc/sc-genpg. Special Collections. and genealogies. Special Collections. This facility is “userfriendly” to genealogists. and guides to using the collections is at the “Research Room” webpage at: www. Mississippi.38 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Minnesota Minnesota Historical Society. Archives and Library Division. All Missouri counties represented with microfilm of original county records. Missouri. A very good genealogy collection for Missouri. To find them you must be specific to a place or surname in a catalog search. St. Great genealogy collection. Minnesota. plus many other records relating to people who came through Missouri via Illinois. state. Louis County Library.000 volumes to this Cloud. Cloud State University. maps. Kansas City. Good genealogy library.mohistory. located at Ellis Library. Missouri. But the catalog webpage also has direct links to “Additional Research Tools” such as online biography. logging. Missouri Missouri State Archives. An excellent collection of early Missouri records. Paul. Library and Missouri Historical State Historical Society of Missouri Library. Books.lib. court cases. Go to the “Collections” webpage for a review of materials available: www.html Kansas City Public Library. aspx Mississippi Mississippi State Department of Archives and History. sos. Mississippi State University. online databases. Louis.lib. Visit the “The Local History Guide—Genealogy” webpage at: www. University of Minnesota. Jackson. Special content/Libraryandresearch/OlderCollections. Go to http://zed. but the university website provides only an address for localhistory/index. but this is an outstanding regional library for the Deep Columbia. Mankato. with many Mississippi references.cfm?article=read&article ID=162 Mitchell Memorial Library. St. St.asp Central Minnesota Historical Center Library. The library’s website does not mention items outside of Monroe County and Aberdeen. Visit the “Local History & Genealogy” webpage at: www. Jefferson City. St.

1790–1930. Nebraska. California. the Archives is providing online indexes.html Nebraska Nebraska State Historical Society Library. Helena.unr. and plains materials.unl.lib.lib. Special Collections. 20th-century Russians. Lincoln. Resource Centers in the States • 39 Mid-Continent Public Library.state. A good genealogy collection. early trails.htm University of Montana Library. Nevada. Reno.umt. Search the online catalog for subjects. A description of the Special Collections section is at: www. North Independence Branch. Montana. Montana. ne. and more. Genealogy Department. Museum-Research Library. Nebraska.nv. Part of the state of Nevada’s Department of Cultural Affairs. miners. and a great genealogy histories. Through the Department of Cultural Affairs. With 60 million historic manuscripts. instruct/guides/genealogy. A good genealogy all soundex and printed census indexes. Original county records. An excellent collection of Montana history. You will need to use the online catalog to find titles. A brief descrip- Bancroft Library. Nebraska. oral histories.lib. range cattle industry. Berkeley. A good genealogy collection.his. newspapers. Many manuscripts and histories not in Nebraska State Historical Society. Like a second state ordinary_people. Nevada. Nebraska. This library has a complete set of all microfilmed federal censuses.mcpl.lib. Edith Abbott Memorial Library. A good genealogy collection. Visit the webpage for “Collections” and “Digital Collections” at: http://bancroft. including every-name indexes to Nevada’s federal Nevada Nevada State Library and refrence/la_pubs/ Yellowstone Park. Missouri. and names. University of Nebraska. Go to the “Collections” webpage at: www. subjects. Carson City. asp North Platte Public Library. Reno. Go to the “Selected Genealogy Resources” webpage at: www. the Bancroft Collection is outstanding for early settlers. folklore. Special .us/genlh/ tion of the Special Collections is at: www.north-platte. Department of Reference Services. Search the online catalog at: http://catalog. and state prison University of Nevada—Reno. George Armstrong Custer. Go to the “Discover Nevada History” webpage at: http:// dmla. and links to biographical indexes and marriage indexes. Nevada. Go to the “Genealogy and Local History Resources” webpage at: www. North Platte.nebraskahistory. Missoula. military history. and more. stagecoaches. The best collection of genealogical materials in the state.htm Gretchell This library has substantial historical material about Nevada and other western states. Latvians. plus special collections on Czechoslovakians. University of California. A good genealogy collection for early Montana people.htm Nevada Historical Society.cgi? DB=local&PAGE=First Montana State University Montana. but a keyword search is useful: http:// catalog. Special Collections. libr/libs/spec Omaha Public Library. Special Collections. Visit their webpage at: http://dmla. Grand Island.lib. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Omaha. Go to “A Guide to Genealogical Research at the Nebraska State Historical Society” at: www. Nebraska.html Montana Montana Historical Society Library and Archives.html Love Memorial Library.omaha publiclibrary.clan. but access to the manuscripts must be done through the library’s online catalog. A good genealogy collection. newspapers. etc. Access to catalog through Home Page: www. 1860–1920. and more.

New Jersey. Best collection of original county records from colonial period to today. Visit the “County Government Records” webpage at: www. Santa Fe.nhhistory. state.sos. Massachusetts.shtml New Hampshire State Archives. New Mexico. New Jersey. Large manuscript collection.jerseyhistory. New Mexico. broadsides. Albany. maps.html New Jersey State Library. This facility has nearly as much genealogical and biographical material as the State Library. Town and county histories.libraries. and early Anglo records. heavy on Spanish.html New Jersey New Jersey State Archives.nm. Go to their webpage at: http:// elibrary. A good collection of genealogical books. and more. Go to the “Tracing Your Ancestors: Genealogy” webpage at: www. Go to the “Tuck Library” webpage at: plus histories. New York. New Hampshire. and specialized indexes to records. New Hampshire Historical Society. New Mexico. Original town and state archives/genealogy.state. University of New Mexico. New department/ New Hampshire State Library. New Go to the “Genealogical Resources” webpage at: www. Concord. nhsl/history/index. Manuscripts. Original Genealogy/index. photo archives. genealogies.state.nh. and town records. and vital records.nj.nmcpr. newspapers. Go to the “Special Collections Library” webpage: www. The best overall genealogical collection for New England families. militia. The largest genealogical collection in the state.html Museum of New Mexico.40 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE New Hampshire Tuck Library. New Albuquerque-Bernalillo County Library System. Go to the “Department and Collections” webpage at: www. Go to the “History and Genealogy Section” webpage at: www. censuses. Princeton. Special Collections rul/libs/scua/genealogy/genealogy. and county records. Visit the “Genealogy & Local History Collection” webpage at: darm/links/webcat/county.html New Mexico New Mexico State Archives (Archives and Historical Services Division. Visit their Home Page at: www. Native Indians. church records. Trenton. Santa censuses. provincial deeds. county. Genealogical resources are in the rare books.cabq. Newark. rare books. Clearly the best genealogy collection in the New Jersey Historical Society Library. early Mexican. Albuquerque. New Hampshire. Go to the “Genealogists’ Guide” webpage at: www. Special Collections.njstatelib.rutgers. manuscripts. museumofnewmexico.newenglandancestors. genealogies. Visit the “Researching Your Family at the New Hampshire State Archives” webpage at: www. State Records Center and Archives). Cultural Center.php The Center for Southwest Research and Special Collections. Albuquerque. Princeton University. New Jersey biographies. colonial Spanish and Mexican papers. Boston. Special Collections and Archives.nh.html New York New York State Archives.htm New England Historic Genealogical Society Library. histories. Many are unpublished genealogies of New England families. New Trenton.html Alexander Library. History Library. Manuscript collection is huge. historic maps. family folders. and more. Concord. state. Concord. Go to: www. Original territorial. maps. Virtually every published history and genealogy for New Hampshire. New Jersey. New Brunswick.html Harvey S. and Western Americana Collections. census. ge- .princeton. The collection is as large as the State Archives. Rutgers University. and original materials. Unpublished manuscripts. Firestone Library. newspapers. Bibles.unm. 1640–1770.

New York.albanycounty. Many of the original land records are in this researchroom/rr_family.htm New York Public Library. Albany County Hall of Records. State University of New York. also has extensive newspaper collections. and genealogies for North Carolina. Very large collection of unpublished manuscript genealogies. North Carolina. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www.. Visit the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Durham. this facility has an outstanding collection of books. Old Courthouse. Genealogy and local history collection is one of the best in the U. Visit the “Research Center Holdings” webpage at: www. Fonda. Archives & Special Collections. Albany. and much more for both colonial and federal eras. Irish in America. manuscripts. rare books.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 41 Visit their website for detailed information about the resources available: Perhaps the largest historical manuscript collection in the South. A very large family folder collection and an extensive genealogical collection. North Carolina.htm New-York Historical Society and much more. Cultural Center.state.htm North Carolina family folders on the East Coast.nysl. histories. In the same building as the State journals. Go to the “Family History and Genealogy Resources in the North Carolina Collection” webpage at: www. New York. and much more. North Carolina history. and sundry colonial records. They estimate over 10. Visit their website at: www.ah. Original manuscripts of county court records from all counties. Visit the “Archives & Special Collections” webpage to access these collections at: http://ww3.unc. The best collection of State Library of North Carolina.aspx New York Genealogical and Biographical Society Library. As an early New York county which covered much of upstate New York. Collections/tabid/85/Default. the Holland Land Company granted patents of land to individuals from 1789– Montgomery County Department of History & Archives Library. county records. Duke University. with biographies. For western New York and a large part of northwestern Pennsylvania. town and village records. University of North Carolina. Featuring tax records. and more. and genealogies. Go to the “Types of Records Available at the North Carolina State Archives” webpage at: www. and many manuscripts. a collection so large the Archives has not been able to catalog it all. Local history and Seneca Indians databases are here as well.lib. the records in this facility are unique.nysed. Operated by the Albany County Clerk’s office and the City of Albany. html New York State Library. Bible records.nysed.S. New York. Fredonia. biographies. New York. Revolutionary War soldiers’ papers. including references to families moving into old Albany County during the colonial period (Albany County once included all of upper New York and all of Vermont).state.htm .nc.dcr.html Perkins Library. New York. Go to the “NYG&B Library” webpage at: www. New York.fredonia. php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=10 North Carolina North Carolina State Archives. Go to the “Genealogical Research in North Carolina” webpage at: http://statelibrary. North Carolina. New York. Go to the “Genealogical Research at The New York Public Library” webpage at: genealogy/guide. Raleigh. North Carolina. New gr/genealog. New York. plus it has newspapers. Albany.000 Onondaga Historical Association Research Center.dcr. A great collection of published genealogical resources. us/archives/records.nyhistory. Chapel Hill.archives. Access the online catalog at: http:// luceweb. New York. New York. Syracuse.newyorkfamilyhistory. this facility has indexes to original records from the early 1600s. Wilson Library. Go to the “Family Records in the New York State Archives” webpage at: www. Many original census records were transferred to this facility from the National Archives.html Reed Library.

asp?id=148 South Dakota State Historical Society. including traffic on rivers flowing into the Ohio. censuses. land records. Bible records. University of North Dakota. South Dakota.wrhs.asp Institute for Regional Studies. diaries. For access to the Naturalization Records Index. Athens. and newspapers. Columbus. North Dakota.lib. including church business records.ohiou. For a good description of the genealogical resources available. Bismarck. Ohio University. slavery.html State Library of and biographies.htm Ohio Genealogical Society Library. Go to the “Genealogy Services” webpage at: http:// winslo. black and ethnic. Review the resources at the “Biography & Genealogy Collections” webpage: index. OGS is the largest state genealogical society in America. Cleveland. Grand Forks.oh. html Western Reserve Historical Society Library. Original records for old Dakota Territory.sdhistory. Library Square. A very large genealogy collection. Salisbury.htm Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton arcgen. Ohio.htm Alden Library. North Dakota State University. Ohio. biographies. and genealogies. Ohio.htm Ohio Ohio Historical Society. The Western Reserve was a region of Ohio settled by refugees of the Revolutionary War from the State of Connecticut. State Archives and Historical Research Library. biographies. ndsu.library. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. farming. and other genealogical sources at the State Archives.html Chester Fritz Library. Newspaper Database. Go to the “Family History and Genealogy Room” webpage at: www. homesteads. with original records of Ohio River boat traffic from Pittsburgh to the Falls of the Ohio (Louisville). Ohio. Cleveland history.nd. biographies. Newspaper Vital Records Index. go to the “For Genealogists” webpage at: www. and more. North Carolina. local history. and early Ohio records. family folders. and vital records. Focus on French-Canadians. with chapters representing all Ohio .us/hist/sal/gen. Columbus. Ohio. newspapers. State Archives. regional land records. Focus on southeastern Ohio The collection excels in American Revolution. See the “Genealogical Resources” links at their website: HistoryRoom/html/genealogical_records. Materials accessible through their online biographies. The Local History and Genealogy Department has many manuscripts. Pierre. and several databases online. Pioneer files. including histories. Fargo. including the Inland Waterways archlib/ North Dakota North Dakota Heritage Center. Cincinnati.state. death index.rowan. North Dakota. Rowan County was the crossroads of North Carolina during the colonial period and comprised a large central area of the present state. Mansfield. Oral histories. See the entire list of resources at their “Genealogy” webpage: www. journals. homesteads. Collection includes many original manuscripts.und.ohiohistory. genealogies. Civil War. Genealogy Go to the “Genealogy Research Guide” webpage at: www. the historical collection here is centered around North and South Dakota as well as western Minnesota. Anyone with Ohio ancestors needs to join this society. Archives/Library. and Shakers. county histories. and much more. Located in the Red River Valley (first settled by French trappers in the 1670s). naturalizations. Good genealogy collection. perhaps more for North Dakota counties of old Dakota Territory than can be found in North Dakota. abolitionism.nodak. Visit the “Genealogical Records Available” webpage at: www. visit the “Main Library—History and Genealogy” webpage at: www. This is also a library with a unique national index to millions of American households. Norwegians.cincinnati library.42 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Rowan Public Library. all in the South Dakota Archives. An excellent manuscript collection. Archives and Special Collections. North Dakota. Ohio State Auditor’s Office.html Lawton Public Library. and indexes to records.html . plus periodicals. biographies. Membership allows library access to a large collection of family folders. with many records relating to the Five Civilized Tribes (and Delawares) removed to Indian Territory.ohs. Enough manuscript and printed materials to qualify as Oregon’s state archives. and vital records. vital records. Descriptions of the various collections and direct links to each section can be found at the “Researching Oklahoma History” webpage at: www. Two excellent books related to Ohio history and land development are Along the Ohio Trail and The Official Ohio Lands Book. A great genealogy collection. and a statewide index to all Oklahoma Territory Tract Books (public land buyers).us/Publications/ Access to the records. This new facility (April 2006) is really two state archives: one for Native Americans and one for the early Anglo settlers of Oklahoma. and newspaper articles. or Oregon. Ohio. A great Native-American records collection. biographies. name. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Civil War. territorial and state censuses. and more. Oklahoma. censuses. family folders.asp?id=23 Knight Library. histories. military records. with the largest book collection of Oklahoma genealogies. Go to the “John and Mary Nichols Collection” webpage at: http://libraries.okpls. Go to the “Oregon History Project” webpage at: www. county records. but start at a special webpage for helping genealogists located at: http://libweb. Oklahoma City. newspapers. Lawton. probate records. County and state records.ok. Portland. Many original diaries and journals from Oregon Trail education/oregonhistory/index.sos. Pickens Public Library.holdenvillepl.okhistory. Original historical but the Oregon History Project is an online resource tool that leads to various records available. A review and history of the library is at: www. the place where land sales in America first began. University of Oklahoma.cityof. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: guides/genealogy/ Grace M. military. and more.cfm Oregon State Library.htm Oregon Historical Society Library. For a good review of the types of guides available and access to the online databases. is via a library card only. however. All Oregon counties represented with original naturalizations. cattle trails. Columbus.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 43 counties. Go to the “Publications” webpage at: www. Volunteers from the Willamette Valley Genealogical Society provide help to researchers. both available at this website as downloadable PDF files. OGS also has a website which allows members to access several online databases.ogs. Eugene. Oregon. go to the “Genealogy Records” webpage: http:// arcweb. mining. oil production.ou. Go to the “Genealogy Research” webpage for more information: http://oregon. including Land Donation Claims for early Oregon Territory pioneers. This office is the official repository of records of public land sales in Ohio. Salem. You must use the online catalog to find a particular title. Portland.or.oh. Oregon. org/ Oregon Oregon State This is the starting place for Oklahoma research. including an outstanding biographical card index to early Oregon people mentioned in books. Excellent photograph collection of early Oregon people. University of Oregon. The catalog is online. Oklahoma.shtml Bizzell Memorial Library.htm Oklahoma Oklahoma History Center (Research Division. Spanish. Oregon. giving in-person and/or remote access to the catalog and other Internet services.state. A project to index these records is well under way. genealogies. Multnomah County Library. Visit their Home Page at: www. Special Collections. Manuscripts. An outstanding genealogical collection. local newspapers from 1901. maps. Indian-Pioneer History Collection. OSL/Genealogy. plus remote access to the HeritageQuest Online databases. Indian. ranching. manuscripts.auditor. and the online Oregon Historical Records Index is accessible at their website. state. Salem. family folders. Oregon. Oklahoma Historical Society). biographies. Holdenville.

Harrisburg.usgenweb.digitalarchives. each with a link to an explanatory page.htm In but Welsh Quakers and Scotch-Irish immigrants.state. because there is virtually no help for a genealogist. But there is some hope. Harrisburg. Click on “Genealogy/ Local History. Historical and genealogical coverage is excellent for the colonial period. including histories. Oregon. go to the “Library and Archives” webpage at: www. If the genealogical query is limited to “do you have this or that thing?” they may answer you for free. Library Archives Department. For a review of the resources here.html#state) at least has an overview of the types of records a genealogist may find at the State Archives. the materials relate not only to covering western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio.asp?DLN=1246.asp?NavID=43 For the colonial period. Go to the “Family History & Genealogy” webpage at: www.htm Southern Oregon Historical Society. and any research here. New Jersey. RootsWeb. Pennsylvania. Go to the “Research Library” webpage: Rhode Island Historical Society Library.phmc. Rhode Island. probably the worst state archives website (for genealogists) of all 50 states. The original records of the published Pennsylvania Archives series are here. an ambitious project to scan images and index original records is well under way. The new digital archives is called ARIAS (Archives Records Information Access System).org/ressvcs. Virtually every Palatine German immigrant to Pennsylvania can be identified in this collection.asp Rhode Island Rhode Island State Archives. Medford. pghhistory. Go to: Earliest Rhode Island records for all towns and counties for colonial and federal eras. The Pennsylvania State Archives’ holdings are named and listed in 79 record groups.rihs. The State Archives does have a Statelocal. Genealogy and Local History Collection. Rhode Island. For a look at the resources. There is no online catalog. The first set of records are mostly military name lists. Newport.ri.htm Newport Historical Society Library. An excellent place to locate the early settlers of Pennsylvania.statelibrary. something you will not find at the State Archives website.sohs. like the Family History Library. using the word “genealogy” at this facility is frowned upon. They try to send you to other Rhode Island. For early pioneers in southern Oregon. Philadelphia.german townhistory.state. .gfo. or the National Archives. pa. this is the best place to find a reference to your ancestors.00 a day for non-members). or suggest that genealogists hire an independent researcher. A great genealogy/local history section. and church records. Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center. including a card file for every Pennsylvania soldier of the Civil War. A huge genealogical collection. Check out the “Ready Reference” service described at their “Research Services” webpage. Pennsylvania. Go to the “Research Guides” webpage at: Pennsylvania. and other colonial settlers in Penn’s taxonomy. Bible records.html Pennsylvania Pennsylvania State Archives. Library and Archives of the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. A very good genealogical library. Visit the ARIAS webpage at: www. Scotch-Irish. Portland. Go to the “Record Groups” webpage at: www. • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Genealogical Forum of Oregon Library. For a review of its holdings go to the “Collections” webpage at: www.state.” Germantown Historical Society. fully indexed. Library and Archives. must be done in person ($5. Oregon. and Delaware.aspx ?id=122 State Library of Pennsylvania. Largest genealogical library in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania Library. Although this may be Rhode Island’s largest collection of genealogical materials.hsp. A Rhode Island USGenWeb site is also useful for understanding what records are available: www. go to the “Library” webpage at: www. Original records of early Quakers. Providence. Pennsylvania. Germans. Pittsburgh. essentially. A website for the Rhode Island Historical Records Advisory Board (www.

original county records. Germans from Russia. journals. Visit the “Heritage Room” webpage: http://ampl. with a good genealogy collection relating to early Rhode Island people. A good collection of South Dakota history. biographies. genealogies. Columbia. South Carolina. atlases. Charleston Library Society. The Janie Revill Collection covering the colonial and federal eras of South Carolina is outstanding and well indexed. Indians. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www.htm . and children’s frame. For an excellent review of the types of records where you will most likely find evidence of a South Carolina ancestor. non-fiction. Go to the society’s Home Page at www. homesteads.” (Never trust a librarian who can’t spell “genealogical” correctly. Click on “Explore our Collections” for a review of the archives. South Dakota. church. books. Original Rhode Island town records.state. visit the Home Page for more information at: www. Check out their Alexander Mitchell Public Library. If the Rhode Island State Archives has one of the worst websites (for genealogists). There are numerous published guides and finding aids.sciway. vital records.sdhistory. Newspaper Database. biographies. Review the collections of value to genealogists at their “Special Collections” webpage: www. genealogy. county school archives. church records. Original records for old Dakota Territory and modern South Dakota. and including histories. early newspapers. and the best historical manuscript collection for the entire state.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 45 southern part of the state. Worcester.html South Carolina South Carolina Department of Archives and History.htm Weeks collections. ethnic.htm University of Rhode Island Library.htm#Biography%20 and%20Genealogy website at: South American Antiquarian Society Library. and more. maps. Review the many manuscript collections available at the “Manuscripts Division” webpage at: www. State Archives. University of South Carolina. Colonial records.htm South Carolina Historical Society Library.americanantiquarian. Massachusetts. References to virtually all of the earliest South Carolina families can be found newgenealre. the South Carolina State Archives has one of the best. Manuscripts. and other genealogical sources at the State Archives.htm South Dakota South Dakota State Historical Society. South Carolina. including genealogies. Columbia. histories. A membership library with a good collection of genealogical materials. and digital archives resources. Manuscripts. histories.usd. go to the “Genealogy Resources” webpage at: www.sdln. and genealogies. gazetteers.) In any case. Aberdeen. Newspaper Vital Records Index. Rhode Island. An outstanding collection for South Carolina and the South.schistory. South Carolina. South Dakota. biographies.uri. Charleston. business. Colonial immigrant records. and government documents. Go to the “Biography and Genealogy” webpage at: http:// newporthistorical. as well as a substantial general collection of fiction. a considerable amount of local and state geneological materials. Charleston. Pierre. South Dakota. go to the “For Genealogists” webpage at: South Carolina.html#gene Sumter County Genealogical Society Vermillion. diaries. farming. For access to the Naturalization Records Index. A description of the library’s resources from the “About the CLS” webpage states: “The Library’s resources include original Charleston and South Carolina Newspapers. early newspapers.cfm South Caroliniana Library. and more. For a description of the genealogical materials. This is a premier genealogical collection for all of South library/socar/mnscrpts/index2. town go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. and the repository for the American Family Records Association files. Kingston. University of South Dakota. library. Sumter.

sdln. and South Dakota. A 19-page Guide to Research: Genealogy Section. including New England. all counties represented with original records. and the State of Texas. Austin. and South Carolina families. with records for more than Texas. biographies. and more. Great genealogical collection. Mid-Atlantic. including Texas vital records. original county records. Mexican Texas. genealogies. An outstanding genealogical collection.htm Eugene C. Go to the “Searching Aids” webpage at: www. Houston. Newspapers. biographies. Special Collections. Center for Genealogical Research (branch of Houston Public Library). Go the Clayton Library Home Page and “Explore” the main research collections: newspapers. Go to the “Research Resources” webpage at: www. Tennessee.state. Texas. Links to “Materials in the Collection” and “Electronic Resources” can be accessed from the McClung webpage at: http:// knoxcounty. gov/localHist/guide. Historical collection nearly as large as the state library/archives.htm Tennessee Genealogical Society Library. and Texas pioneers. county histories. federal Chattanooga. Barker Texas History Collection. Library card holders have remote access to ProQuest and HeritageQuest Online. maps.lib. North Carolina. Calvin M. Tennessee. Nashville.” at: www.utexas. For an overview of the collection and a link to the Guide. go to the Genealogy Section’s Home Page at: index. biographies. McClung Historical Collection. and the South. Texas. Dallas Public Library is available as a PDF download. Knoxville. A good genealogical reference library. Republic of Texas. river traffic. Includes the Natchez Trace Collection of Mississippi. For links to resource categories go to the “History and Genealogy” webpage at: www. and faqs.htm Knox Public Louisiana. Texas.lib. This is an outstanding collection of historical reference material. A very good genealogy collection. Native Americans (especially Cherokees). Go to the “Reference Links” webpage at: http://watweb. Original manuscripts for Spanish cgc. Tennessee.chattanooga.utk.html Dallas Public Library. including public records.lib. University of Texas.tx. Go to the “Genealogy Resources Available at Our Library” webpage at: www. To an outsider it depends on which collection gives you the most information about your ancestors.tngs.46 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Watertown Regional Library. Austin. html . Go to the “Guide to the Manuscripts Collections” webpage at: Also. Memphis. One of America’s best places to do genealogical research—a beautiful modern facility just for genealogists. Texas. There is a rivalry between the Clayton Library and the Dallas Public Library over which is the largest genealogy library in Texas.html University of Tennessee Library. Research and Collections Division. The Genealogy Section of this library is one of the best in the country. Watertown. “A Brief Guide to Genealogical Materials in the Local History and Genealogy Department. This historical collection for the Old Southwest includes an index to East Tennessee families. genealogies. Knoxville.tx.html Clayton Library. The largest family folder file collection in the Upper South. Dallas. Visit the webpage.html#faq1 Tennessee Tennessee State Library and Archives. You can access the “Clayton FAQs” webpage directly at: www. and an outstanding collection.lib. church records. searchms. heavy on early Tennessee. the “Frequently Asked Questions” webpage is well done and answers most questions anyone would have about this great library. and records of Tennessee’s Confederate soldiers. books.tx. private collections. Tennessee. The genealogy/local history collection is outstanding. Tennessee. Genealogy Section.htm Texas Texas State Library and Archives.php Chattanooga-Hamilton County Bicentennial Manuscripts.hpl.

letters.html Tyrrell Historical Library.utah. Go to the “History Department” webpage at: www. Hughes Research Center Library. family journals. A great manuscript collection similar to UT-Austin. Largest Family History Center outside Salt Lake City. Austin. journals. Missouri. Texas.familysearch.html Utah Family History Library of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Lee Library. Republic of Texas. Salt Lake City. Texas.uta. with materials relating to all states and countries. Texas. Arkansas. well indexed. Utah.usu. counties. Arlington. Kentucky. plus an excellent array of materials from Canada. and State of Texas. This is an excellent genealogical research library. Utah.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 47 Texas General Land Office. then linking the indexed books to the FHL catalog entries in Salt Lake City. Mexico. diaries. Visit the “Special Collections” webpage at: http://library. Marshall. Recreation and Convention Facilities” webpage at: www.drtl. This facility has many of the records the Utah pioneers brought with them: Bibles. Archives and Records Division. and Louisiana families.dupinternational. Go to http://history. A very fine “Utah History Research Center” webpage tells everything you’ll need to know about the collection.cityofbeaumont. Links to “Genealogy Links” and “History Links” are at the Main Page: www. edu/Specol/index. Contact information and a description of the genealogical collection are under the City of Beaumont’s “Libraries. The largest genealogical library in the world. Pioneer records include center/index. The home of the Southeast Texas Genealogical Society and a special collection of historical materials relating to early migrations into Texas via Tennessee. England. With over two million rolls of microfilm. and Other Services” webpage at: www. Provo. Harrison County Historical Museum.htm Utah State Historical Society. early settlements. To review the collection and online databases go to BYU’s “Family History/Genealogy Resources” webpage at: www.S. Copying. Scotland. and genealogical references to virtually every pioneer who came to Utah Territory before 1869. Utah. diaries.html Merrill-Cazier Library. Logan.byu. this is a good collection of genealogical reference material.htm Pioneer Memorial Resources/ Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library. colonization. Utah State University. Brigham Young University. Texas. Utah. Texas. the collection contains information from county courthouses for virtually all U. To see what records and services are edu/fslab/ Click on any of the following: Genealogy Name Searches Researching Texas Land Grants History of Texas Public Lands Copy Services Translation of Spanish Documents Certification Copies of Maps Abstract of Original Land Titles University of Texas at Arlington Library. Specializing in the colonial Mexican-Texas era and resources from the Republic of Texas. the BYU Genealogy Department is preparing online indexes. and surname lists. Texas was a Confederate center during the Civil War. go to the “Research Resources” webpage at: http://library. go to the “Research. Germany.tx. Salt Lake City. Arkansas. All Texas land grants from the Spanish era. The best collection in which the western “Mountain Men” can be identified and traced (Archives of Society of American Range). To review the location and types of records available. Use the Harrison County TXGenWeb site for more information. Mormons.txgenes. but not known as well because of the dominance of the Salt Lake library. and Scandinavian Website: . An outstanding collection of family folders. letters. Marshall. In fact. History of Texas Public Lands. San Antonio. International Society—Daughters of Utah Pioneers. Go to: www. photographs.state. Ireland. Salt Lake City. Utah. and Louisiana. and many records not found anywhere else relating to Utah. This library may have the key to locating many early Texas.lib.

org/generes. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www. New oral histories. Go to University of Virginia. histories. Virginia.lva. At the Digital Archives site is the Historic Records Search. and original manuscripts. Go to the “Genealogical Research” . documents. James Madison University. newspapers. including Virginia. Virginia State Library and Archives. and state records. Visit the “Welcome to The Bennington Museum Library” webpage at: www. colonial America’s most heavily traveled migration route. including colonial. A very large genealogical collection. From Philadelphia to Roanoke. This library has an excellent historical collection relating to the region and a good genealogy reference library.virginia. Olympia. and newspapers. An outstanding research center for locating early Vermont people. Go to the “Primary Source Collections” webpage at: www. Vermont local histories.htm Bailey-Howe Memorial Library.000 bound volumes of newspapers from 1704 to 1820. representing the single largest collection of extant American newspapers for that period. death records. and military index.htm webpage at: www. newspapers. Virginia. go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. Each facility has good online descriptions of the resources they hold.lib. biographies.48 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Vermont Vermont Historical Society Library.uvm. Vermont.albanycounty. Special Collections. Richmond.wa. Operated by the Albany County Clerk’s office and the City of Albany.vermont services. tax lists. and Vermont records.htm Handley Regional Library. Virginia. Vermont.benningtonmuseum. Original county The library’s catalog is online. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www. this is a good source for locating a migrating German or Scotch-Irish family. bounty lands. including references to families moving into old Albany County during the colonial period (Albany County once included all of upper New York and all of Vermont). Alderman Library. Charlottesville.aspx Virginia Historical Society Library. Civil War. Vermont. territorial-state-federal censuses. genealogy. naturalizations. histories.aspx Washington Office of the Secretary of State.asp?p=76 Carrier Library. Many scanned manuscripts of this library are now available online. A large genealogical collection. and Kentucky. Winchester. This library is best known for its outstanding newspaper collection. an online index to many millions of names from original marriages. Washington State Library.hrl. and more. Montpelier. For a description of the genealogical materials. Go to the “Search the Digital Archives” Virginia The Library of Virginia.html Albany County Hall of Records.lib. and more. Located in the heart of the Shenandoah Valley. family Bibles. Manuscripts. this facility has indexes to original records from the early 1600s. A very large collection relating to the people who traveled the Great Valley Road of Virginia. For the U. Washington.htm Bennington Museum Library. militia lists. alone there are over 18. direct links to the Washington State biographies.lib. Bennington Museum. Burlington. vital records. Early Go to the “Special Collections at the Bailey-Howe Library” webpage at: http://bailey. Albany. There are numerous references to Vermont.vahistorical. University of Vermont. Virginia. New York.lib. Worcester. Bennington. Richmond. birth records. Virginia. Massachusetts. Visit their website for detailed information about the resources available: www. and the Washington State Digital Archives. Go to the “Family & Local History” webpage at: www. Go to the “Genealogical Research in Vermont” webpage at: www. edu/ American Antiquarian Society Library. Harrisonburg. West Virginia.secstate. including family Bible records. poll lists. This facility has 900 index drawers indexing 10 million documents relating to the Old Dominion.

A very good genealogy aids. Madison. Richmond. Original manuscripts. county histories.htm.Genealogy Resource Centers in the States • 49 webpage at: www. Washington.cfm?Category=12 Seattle Genealogical Society. Wisconsin. asp?pageID=collection Milwaukee Public Library. Research Center. with finding aids listed online at: bookmark. libraries. A great historical collection. and one of America’s best map collections. particularly for German Libraries/special/ Wyoming Wyoming State Archives Museum and Historical Department. pioneers. Visit the webpage for the “Pacific Northwest Collection” at: www. This library holds the famous “Draper Papers. Wyoming. biographies. West Virginia. Cultural Center. Wisconsin. For an online obituary index go to: www. Visit the “Research Library” webpage at: Seattle Public Library. The library is cleverly located across the street from the regional National Archives branch on Sand Point Way. Wyoming. Go to the “Special Collections” webpage at: www. and much more. The area of presentday West Virginia was part of Virginia from 1607– 1863. Charleston. Washington State Historical Society.wvculture. Milwaukee. genealogies. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www.rootsweb. photographs. Go to the “Reference Research and Historical Photos” webpage at: http://wyoarchives. Tacoma. government documents.uwm. washington. Go to the “Genealogy” webpage at: www.state. The library’s catalog is online at: www. Seattle.lib. Most of the Draper interviews were with old settlers of the Appalachian region.wy. Go to the “Genealogy & Special Collections” webpage at: www. Click on the “Genealogical Sources” link for a downloadable PDF file with a good description of the genealogy resources available. Many manuscripts. tax records. Washington. Virginia. The Pacific Northwest and Alaska coverage is outstanding. wisconsinhistory. Largest manuscript collection in the state. Wyoming. Largest book collection in the state. Visit this site for a complete description: www. University of Washington. and histories of early pioneers. land records. farmers. cattlemen. State Library and . Largest family folder collection in the state. West Virginia. and more. West Virginia University Library.mpl. West Virginia and Regional History Collection. Seattle.niobrara countylibrary. Genealogy Collection. At the library’s website no one would ever know that this is one of the best genealogy reference libraries on the West Coast. Washington. Wisconsin. Research genealogy/ Niobrara County Library. plus censuses.html Golda Meir Library. West Virginia West Virginia Archives and History Division Library. and more. and a good surname collection.wa. The best manuscript collection in the state. Morgantown. tax records.html The Library of Virginia. The best manuscript collection in the state.wshs. homesteading. University of Wisconsin— default. Go to the “Genealogy Corner” at: Wisconsin Wisconsin Historical Society Library.” a large collection of interviews. Cheyenne. See the Virginia listing.htm Suzzallo Library. Milwaukee. Laramie County Library.spl.

50 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE “The last time my wife made me lunch was back in 1995—the same year she got hooked on genealogy.” .

. genealogy magazines. Utah. or libraries. or country of interest in your request and see a list of professionals available who specialize in that area. Utah. Visit their website at: www. Lineages provides several individual search packages. They will take on any genealogical project. This addiction happens because the success of finding one ancestor always leads to the desire to find more ancestors. Research Help for the Addicted includes a list of professional research firms. This is a small group of professional researchers with a good track record for finding lost ancestors. This is the largest genealogical research firm in the country. lead to arguments over frozen dinners instead of home-cooked meals. You can hire one by choice. state. including several published authors. plus full genealogical projects under contract to individuals. you can specify a certain county. And the first time you leave your computer and head for a library you will be subjecting yourself to this addiction. military researchers. Sandy. There is no end to it.Research Help for the Addicted OK. or library. You should have a solid genealogical project under way by now. or involved with driving trips to visit long lost relatives. and create general havoc for people left at home while the genealogist is off exploring cemeteries. courthouses. This is an agency for professional genealogists. and you can’t get to the library to find that book you need. heir and estate researchers. explored the Internet look-up sites. Utah. all of whom use the ProGenealogists service. and surveyed local resources available across the country. Visit the APG website at: www. This firm’s success stories include family histories prepared for celebrities such as Bill Cosby and Johnny Heritage Consulting and Services. and lineage specialists. and a recommended buy list of the best genealogy reference books. Their website is located at: Lineages. One solution to this problem is to hire a professional genealogist to prepare your genealogy for you. Then you can smugly refer everyone to your successful genealogy project as “my Internet stuff” and never leave home. This hobby has been known to foster family fights. In the near future you may find yourself in a cemetery. Inc. online newsletters.apgen. Professional Researchers Association of Professional Genealogists (APG). They are essentially independent researchers who take on clients supplied by the service. But if spending $40–$60 an hour for professional help is not in your budget. Salt Lake City. or have your research project assigned to any of the available professionals. then you should probably feed the addiction by starting your own 51 . large or small. at this point.. You’ve gone through the seven steps. Salt Lake City.lineages. translators. you’re almost ProGenealogists. However. courthouse.heritageconsulting. there is a warning that must be issued: genealogy can be addictive. Visit their website at: www. With members drawn from all over the world. A non-profit organization. Colorado. Inc. APG has an online membership list and several aids in selecting a professional researcher. Westminster.progenealogists.

Internet Genealogy. new resources. this replaces Ancestry Daily News.) Regular columns include: Ethnic Sources Step-by-Step: Family History Made Easy. and an accessible archive for thousands of subjects for past years. databases. Go to Ancestry’s free “Learning Center” at: www. (One-year subscription: $24. Launched in April 2006. In the classic Blog Ancestry’s Weekly Newsletter and Blog. Inc. Ontario. this may be the most popular online newsletter specific to genealogy. Follows the Blog format. and Marketplace.familytreemagazine. This specialized portal provides original articles.. (One-year subscription: $27.S.) Family Chronicle is a well-presented and colorful magazine. and it is now filled with articles rather than queries. Canada. Cincinnati. Family Tree Magazine does a good job in identifying the resources needed to discover and preserve a family history. along with products in their marketplace. North York. Ohio. Databases. Follows a Blog format and is updated daily. A subscription newsletter with in-depth coverage is also available. This is one of the many “how-to” sites of the major Internet service About. beginner-friendly genealogy magazine found on the magazine racks of most supermarkets in America.) It covers several areas of interest to family history enthusiasts. Genealogy Today.everton.genealogyblog. Inc. published six times per year by F+W Publications. published six times per year by Moorshead Magazines. Another does the same thing for genealogical including ethnic heritage. Utah.about. instructions and advice for beginners Research Cornerstones. The Helper has been the genealogy magazine with the largest number of subscribers—chiefly a place for classified ads placed by researchers looking for other genealogists working on the same surnames.95. oral (One-year subscription: $24. More recently.” Online Genealogy Newsletters & Blogs Eastman’s Online Genealogy b/magazine. and • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE Genealogy Magazines Family Tree Magazine.. Logan. It is published in Canada but the articles seem to cater to an American audience.eogn. Go to the “Genealogy” site at: http:// genealogy. this site provides genealogy news and research tips. Everton’s Genealogical Helper. asp?productid=1561&shopid=0 GenealogyBlog. Hosted by Richard Ancestry Magazine...00.genealogytoday. For more information on both magazines. a well-known Boston About.ancestry. Provo. published six times per year by Ancestry.) Since 1947. Visit their website at: www. . One issue per year lists the names and addresses for all known genealogical societies in the U. The Home Page has links to News and Information. the magazine has undergone major changes. with several short articles related to genealogical subjects in each issue. and historical travel. book Family Chronicle. articles. available as a print subscription magazine or available in full content & Family/Genealogy. etc. Memberships. family reunions. They also offer subscriptionbased databases and newsletters. Subscribe to this magazine at “The Shops@ Ancestry. focus on fundamentals of research that are often overlooked Technology and latest technology trends impacting family history research Internet—discover and master the myriad emerging resources available online Book View—discover new publications that can help you in your ancestral research Case Study—readers reveal their “brick walls” and how they got around them. and online data sources. memoirs.00. Go to: www. Go to: www. hosted by Kimberly Powell. (One-year subscription: $27 US. Go to: http:// blog. General genealogy topics. Visit their website at: www.familychronicle. $32 CND. visit their website at: www. Inc. published six times per year by Everton Publishers. with discussions on the latest events in the genealogy world. news. This is a mass-market.ancestry. Ltd. and search tools along with links to the newest sites. Moorshead has also launched a companion magazine.

indispensable!” The Handybook for Genealogists. parish and town-hall contacts. the research tips are quite pragmatic. the chapters provide the expected information: maps showing current counties. The Handybook is an atlas. I received an offer for the purchase of the Red Book at a discount and jumped on it.S. Compared with other books. The top twenty genealogy reference books are as follows: work since 1992. I realized that there is some very different information between the two. Red Book consistently ranks high on the ‘must-have’ lists of several well-known genealogy publications. 2000). edited by Sharon DeBartolo Carmack and Erin Nevius (Cincinnati: Family Tree Books. only to realize later what I had done. not to mention the different perspective offered. the format for the local records sources is easier on the eyes. where the text and maps are viewable and searchable for any word. a quest for more information begins.. such as the Red Book. Ancestry. (Provo. marking the first revision of this seminal The Family Tree Resource Book for Genealogists: The Essential Guide to American County and Town Sources. where one can sometimes find a used copy for a bargain price. (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. once it arrived. I have a second source to confirm the first. in celebration of an impressive 15 years in print.Research Help for the Addicted • 53 The Top 20 Reference Books for Genealogists Soon after entering the search for your ancestors. where reduced prices may be found as well. including critical dates. This new 3rd edition incorporates the latest thinking on . Librarians will want to add this new tool to their collections. Most of these titles are frequently listed at eBay. But all of these books are available from retailers all over the country. 2005). it covers every aspect of the subject. UT: Everton Publishers. Inc. and if I ever question information in one.” The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy. Excerpts from a critical review by the American Library Association: “Arranged alphabetically by state. 3rd edition. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State. address. The Handybook has been the “Bible” for family history research for decades. I find myself reaching for this book time after time. I thought about returning it. Well written and well documented.. This book is.” Comment from a reviewer: “I purchased this book by accident. and not just to confirm info from the Handy Book. historical overviews. Both are quite useful. Each listing provides the date of establishment. There are certain things I find easier to understand in the Red Book. or purchased as the book plus a CD-ROM of the entire book. and the methods and tools for locating more information about their ancestors. edited by Alice Eichholz. actually. Inc. This latest release is the most extensive and expansive revision in years. All are available directly from the publisher. including Barnes and Noble and Amazon. This is the leading text on the subject of genealogy and the text of choice at every college-level genealogy course in the U.. and address book—the most comprehensive guide available for family history research. after sitting down and doing a side-by-side comparison of the two books. libraries. Web site. bibliographies of published sources. simply put. Greenwood. and the reasonable price makes it easy to justify the overlapping information. maps by William Dollarhide. and listings for county. an advantage for users of The Handybook is the layout of the county by Val D. They are well organized. [Also includes] tips. With over one million copies in is unveiling a new third edition. and types of records kept and dates begun. phone number. and details are easy to find. There are updated descriptions of major record collections available in each state and addresses that help you go straight to the sources. 3rd edition. However. UT: Ancestry. historians and professional genealogists. information about special repositories. The information is more current [than the Handybook]. 2004). parent county. Publisher’s description: “The Red Book is the culmination of several years’ worth of research on the part of scholars. 2006). Arguably the finest reference ever compiled on United States research. I already had the Handy Book for Genealogists and considered the two to be too close in content to justify the expenditure. County & Town Sources. This edition can be purchased as a printed book. 11th edition (Logan. history book. Many genealogists start to build a personal library to help identify sources. Inc.. The selected list of books below represents the very best reference books currently available. Now. such as the existence of independent cities and townships whose records might not be in county-based sources.

Luebking. by Anne Bruner Eales and Robert M.C. Chapters. major U. the Map Guide maps will vividly reveal the county boundary changes. and Printed Sources. and is a very comprehensive review of genealogical source materials. This work serves as a guide through the maze of published records for beginner and expert alike. edited by Loretto D. This is done with a gray and white background showing the modern condition. the Map Guide clearly shows the modern county boundaries for every state as well as the contemporary boundaries as they appeared in each census year. and Jewish-American research.. we have a better guide to places where genealogical records are maintained today. 2000)... and cemetery records. Thorndale and Dollarhide’s Map Guide is not only helpful for the assistance it provides. UT: Ancestry. church records. and genealogical publishers and booksellers. etc. Librarians and researchers will appreciate the depth and detail of information provided. many contributed by well-known genealogists. 64. court records.. 1790–1920. a revised chapter on the evaluation of genealogical evidence. with black lines showing the older condition overlaid on the same map. specifically the relationship between computer technology (the Internet and CD-ROM) and the timeless principles of good genealogical research. With a wealth of knowledge packed into 840 pages. The comparison may reveal areas not yet in a particular county for a particular census year and.” Printed Sources: A Guide to Published Genealogical Records. death. directories. it is also put together in a very scholarly manner. The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy. censuses. Learn where to find and how to use vital resources like: databases. indexes. census records. edited by Kory L. and more. birth.S. this is a required purchase for all libraries. military service and pension files. as a result. Three appendixes provide information on CD-ROMs. It is well illustrated and well documented. or a seasoned expert who’s hit the proverbial “brick wall. begin with outlines of key concepts and sources to be discussed and end with helpful bibliographies. Hispanic. 1998). land and tax records. The National Archives contains a wealth of information about individuals whose names appear in census records. Keeping abreast of the ever-increasing amount of new materials often proves difficult for even the seasoned researcher. Szucs and Sandra H. If we have an understanding of the county boundary changes. Kvasnicka (Washington. It is enjoyable to study even when not seeking assistance on a problem somewhere between 1790 and 1920. atlases). even if their own collections do not contain so many sources. ensuring its value and usefulness for a long time to come.g. It also includes a new chapter on the property rights of women. obviously prepared with a great deal of work and care. because the basics of genealogy remain timeless and immutable.. Whether you’re a brand new genealogist trying to figure out where to begin. This is truly a wonderful book. and other finding aids. Meyerink (Provo.). Inc.: National Archives and Records Administration. (Vol. printed original records. 1997). Additional chapters focus on tracking ethnic origins using immigration records and other resources for Native-American. Inc. Federal Censuses. 1): “Every once in a while a new book comes along which most genealogists should not be without. 1790–1920.” Map Guide to the U. genealogical libraries. Excerpt from a review in The American Genealogist Guide To Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States. the number and variety of printed sources can be overwhelming and confusing. 2nd edition (Salt Lake City: Ancestry.” The Source has the answers. This is such a book. While the first book defines and explains “original” records (e. Little else has changed. ships’ passenger arrival . finding aids. A fine line can be drawn between this publisher’s classic work. 1987). By starting with a modern state map to locate a particular place. No. vital records. Excerpt from Library Journal: “For those just beginning their family history research. This reference covers genealogical source materials in great detail. or needs to be changed. and updated information on the 1920 census. On all of its 393 maps.S. lead a researcher in the best possible direction for further research. this new work addresses materials that have arisen from authors’ compilations and synthesis of the original data. 3rd edition. The Source. Four sections include background information (how-to books. by William Thorndale and William Dollarhide (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. D. marriage and divorce records. Inc. periodicals). business and employment records. military records. and compiled records (family histories.54 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE genealogy and computers. African-American.

miscellaneous records. This book identifies the resources that . each with a number of chapters: 1) Population and Immigration Records include censuses. surname registries. and more. Washington.. websites.. 1997). and one-name societies. a researcher’s chance of locating a person in land records is greater than any other genealogical source. Censuses taken by the states are different from those taken by the federal government and often stand as excellent substitutes for missing federal censuses or as finding aids for periods between federal censuses. Inc. by E. 1992). FAX numbers. D. e-mail addresses. This book is a guide to state and territorial censuses and the repositories where they are now located. and databases. Professional Genealogy: A Manual for Researchers. For hobbyists. Inc. bounty land warrants.. and naturalizations. contact persons. This book describes the records of public domain land. periodicals. will aid family researchers in the National Archives I & II. records of the District of Columbia. special interest groups. phone numbers. passenger arrivals.500 libraries..” The Genealogist’s Address Book. giving names.. For family historians who want to do their own study. vital records offices. it’s a consumer’s guide that de- The Center: A Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Capital Area. Native Americans. Inc. Maps of the public domain as divided by the Government Land Office are very helpful. 3) Records Relating to Particular Groups include those concerning civilians during wartime. historical societies. volunteers. Library of Congress. Inc.C. Summed up in a few choice sentences from the introduction: “Successful research—research that yields correct information with a minimum of wasted time and funds—depends upon a sound analysis of evidence. private land sales. is home to the largest body of accessible research materials in the world. this book puts you in touch with all the key sources of genealogical information. and Librarians.. by Elizabeth Petty Bentley. claims records. and the author’s treatment of this little-understood concept is nothing short of brilliant. edited by Elizabeth Shown Mills (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. this A– Z directory of family associations provides addresses. and other pertinent information for more than 16. Bureau of Land Management. 2005). Schaefer (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. In successful genealogical research these two practices are inseparable. Professional Genealogy is a manual by professionals for everyone serious about genealogy. professional bodies. phone numbers. merchant seamen. religious organizations and archives.. Lainhart (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. attorneys. and 4) Other Useful Records encompass land records. 1997).. and medical scientists who seek professional researchers. newspaper columns... The validity of any piece of evidence cannot be analyzed if its source is unknown. 1996). Inc. it describes the standards. reunion committees. by Elizabeth Shown Mills (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. and other records. government agencies. Land and Property Research in the United States. genealogical societies. research centers. but it is not enough. the local LDS Family History Centers. and civilian government employees. Since land records are more complete and go back further in time than any other type of record. addresses.Research Help for the Addicted • 55 lists. 2001). naval and marine service. reliably. State Census Records. and cartographic records. and names of contact persons. African Americans. Inc. state land grants. archives. by Elizabeth Petty Bentley. land records.. pensions. booksellers. publishers. Citing a worthless source is an effort that produces worthless results. Inc. and more.. 2) Military Records explore records of the regular army. Wade Hone (Salt Lake City: Ancestry. Based on responses to questionnaires sent to family associations. business hours. by Christina K. Editors. 2001). DAR Library. Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian. and many other types of documents of interest to both beginning and experienced genealogists. by Ann S. services. Source citation is fundamental. Directory of Family Associations. Like a national yellow pages for genealogists. 5th edition (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. 4th edition (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Lecturers. homesteads. This unique book provides the family history researcher with a reliable standard for both the correct form of source citation and the sound analysis of evidence. The volume is divided into four sections. Writers..

How to Discover Your Family’s History & Heritage with the Power of the Internet. and locating photographs on the web.. checking modern lists and resources. and how to access these records. so newbies and veterans alike can benefit from this book. poll books. by Michael Tepper (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. The book focuses on making a quality genealogy web site that will be the best research tool possible. Inc. Creating a genealogy web site can be as simple or as complex as you like. Online Roots.” For established genealogical professionals. And for all those who dream of turning a fascinating hobby into a successful career. by Pamela Boyer Porter and Amy Johnson Crow (Rutledge Hill Press/ National Genealogical Society. Herber. sources. Inc. VA. by Cyndi Howells (Rutledge Hill Press/Na- . ProGen explains the process. A manual for modern genealogy—designed for the beginner but useful even to the most seasoned researcher. such as wills.. but it will give you everything you need to make those programs work well within your plans for your site. by Mark D. Planting Your Family Tree Online: How To Create Your Own Family History Web Site. 2003). a combination so powerful that it has transformed the way we do genealogy.56 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE fines quality and facilitates choices. Arlington. and property records. up-close and personal. as well as samples of HTML and e-mail messages to use during the process. researching military records. this book will make your online search more effective and productive. Inc. NGS description: “This book is designed to walk you through the process of creating your own genealogy web site. It will help you assess the accuracy of what you find and help you get the most out of the Internet. VA.. What are your chances of finding a record of your ancestor’s arrival in America? This book tells you what records are available in the National Archives for the major ports and for what time periods. This books guides the researcher through the substantial British archives. finding clues to primary sources. Arlington. The companion web site was created for two reasons: to give owners of the book a current set of links for the online references listed in the book and to give owners of the book the ability to easily copy and paste the samples from the book. analyzing each record and guiding the searcher to finding-aids and indexes.. The modern world of genealogy combines the traditional methods of research with the awesome power of computers and the Internet. parish registers. it offers benchmarks by which they can advance their skills and place their businesses on sounder footing. The Complete Beginner’s Guide to Genealogy. Ancestral Trails: The Complete Guide to British Genealogy and Family History. The book contains numerous addresses for web sites. tional Genealogical Society. 1993). it provides a bridge to the methods. by Karen Clifford (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.” American Passenger Arrival Records: A Guide to the Records of Immigrants Arriving at American Ports by Sail or Steam. 2001). therefore. and minutiae of “history. For librarians who struggle to help a whole new class of patrons. 2006). when an ancestor has a criminal record. giving a detailed view of the records and the published sources available. 2003).” Topics covered include: judging your sources. The purpose of this book. civil and ecclesiastical court records. is to train the researcher in this new methodology. It includes chapters that guide researchers to the records that are more difficult to find and use. and Your Genealogy Computer Program.. It won’t teach you how to write HTML or the ins and outs of every software program for genealogy or the web.. NGS description: “Second in the new National Genealogical Society Guides series. tying the fundamentals of genealogical research to the infrastructure of computers and websites. 2nd edition (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. the Internet.

................................................................................. 58 Family Data Sheet (Master Form for Photocopying) ............. front side) ..................... 61 Family Group Sheet Sample (front side........................ 64 57 ..... references) .................................Master Forms Family Data Sheet Sample .............................................. 60 Pedigree Chart (Master Form for Photocopying) ........... back side) .... 59 Pedigree Chart Sample ..................................... 62 Family Group Sheet (Master Form............. 63 Family Group Sheet (Master Form...... back side.............................

58 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE .

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60 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE .

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62 • Getting Started in Genealogy ONLINE .

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See full description here . . Getting Started in Genealogy Online packs more clout than any 64 pages ever written on the subject of online genealogy. THE AUTHOR William Dollarhide is the author of over ten books on genealogy and the editor of the popular magazine Genealogy Bulletin. Designed as a beginner’s guide. .If you’d like the book. this little book will help you do it. If you ever wanted to trace your family online. a durable print version is available from the publisher .

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