Civil Engineering

A People Serving Profession

Civil Engineering Civil engineering focuses on the infrastructure of the world: Water works. Irrigation Canals. Sewers. Terminals. Skyscrapers. etc. Mass Transit. Traffic Control. Power Plants. River Navigation. Industrial Plant Buildings. Transmission Towers/Lines. Airport Runways. Tunnels. . Highways. Bridges. Dams. Shipping Canals. Railroads.

said to have begun in 18th century France ‡ First ³Civil Engineer´ was an Englishman. John Smeaton in 1761 ‡ Civil engineers have saved more lives than all the doctors in history -.Civil Engineering ‡ In the beginning.development of clean water and sanitation systems . Civil Engineering included all engineers that did not practice military engineering.

Civil Engineering ‡ Henry H. ³State College´ (UK) established civil engineering degree ‡ John Wesley Gunn of Lexington received first Civil Engineering degree from A & M College (UK) in 1890 . White. first KY Civil Engineering Graduate from Bacon (Georgetown) College in 1840 ‡ Fall of 1886.

CE Student Organizations ‡ Chi Epsilon ± Civil Engineering honorary ‡ ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) ‡ AGC (Association of General Contractors) ‡ ARTPA (American Road and Transportation Builders Association) ‡ ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers) ‡ KSPE (Kentucky Society of Professional Engineers ± section of the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE)) .

Civil Engineering Process ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Planning « Design « Construction « Operation/Maintenance « Rehabilitation « .

Civil Engineering Specialties ‡ Construction ‡ Environmental/ Water Quality ‡ Geotechnical ‡ Hydraulics ‡ Materials ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Structural Surveying Transportation Water Resources .

money and time. equipment. etc. materials. lifting apparatus.Construction Engineers ‡ Design formwork. scaffolding. . ‡ Management of construction resources: labor.

e.g.. municipal and industrial wastewater systems.Environmental Engineers ‡ Apply fluid mechanics. ‡ Model and monitor the movement and behavior of water pollutants in natural waters. . biology and chemistry to the design and operation of environmental control systems.

Geotechnical Engineers ‡ Analyze soil and rock that affect the behavior of structures. underground facilities. etc. retaining walls. ‡ Design foundations. and containment structures for solid and liquid wastes. ‡ Field and laboratory work along with design. . roadway cuts. pavements.

and hydraulic structures such as dams and spillways. ‡ Hydraulic machinery such as pumps and turbines.Hydraulic Engineers ‡ Analyze and design systems to transport liquids. ‡ Small and large systems of pipes as well as engineered and natural channels. hydraulic controls such as valves and weirs. .

analyze.Materials Engineers Design. and construct materials such as: ‡ Steel ‡ Concrete ‡ Masonry ‡ Asphalt ‡ Composites .

transmission towers. . etc. bridges. radar domes and antennas. ‡ Must also consider the economics. aircraft.Structural Engineers ‡ Design and analyze all manmade objects whose primary function is load resistance: buildings. esthetics and social implications of their creations. drilling platforms.

and lasers distance measurement devices. GPS (Global Positioning Systems).Surveyors ‡ Precisely locate and layout engineering projects. ‡ Maps and aerial photos. ‡ GIS (Geographic Information Systems). .

.). railway. maintain and operate various transportation modes (e. highway. ‡ Plan.Transportation Engineers ‡ Analyze movement of persons and goods. design. ‡ Design traffic management systems. etc. water. construct.. air.g.

wells.Water Resources Engineers ‡ Develop. . use and manage world¶s water resources. ‡ Design water distribution systems. ‡ Analyze the impact of other engineering projects on the natural hydrologic system. canals. locks and dams. port facilities and flood control systems. reservoirs.

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