tu yksdiky fo/ks;d

,d foLr`r O;k[;k

ÁFke laLdj.k

fnukad % 20 ebZ 2011
bafM;k vxsaLV djI'ku }kjk Ádkf'kr

fo"k;&lwph

2)
;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd ;s yksx Bhd ls dke djsa
3)
;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr
fdlh ls izHkkfor u gksa

1. ge Tku yksdiky D;ksa pkgrs gSa\
d)
Lora=rk dk vHkko
[k)
'kfDrghu
x)
dbZ rjg dh ,tsafl;ka
?k)
ikjnf'kZrk ,oa vkarfjd tokcnsgh dh deh
M+)
Hkz"Vkpkj fojks/kh dkuwu esa [kkfe;ka
2. yksdiky dh lajpuk
d)
tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr dh Lok;Ùkrk
(i) iz'kklfud Lo;kÙkrk
(ii) vkfFkZd Lo;kÙkrk
[k)
dsoy Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsalh
x)
dsoy lykgdkjh laLFkk,a ugha
3. Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ yksdiky }kjk D;k dkjZokbZ dh tk,xh\
d)
tkap dh fuf'pr le;kof/k
[k)
ljdkj dks gq, uqdlku dh olwyh
x)
laifRr;ksa dh dqdhZ
?k)
Hkz"Vkpkj ds fy, igys ls vf/kd lt+k
M+)
voS/k :i ls izkIr gq, ykHk dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds ek/;e ls vftZr fd;k
gqvk ekuk tkuk
p)
vkns'kksa ds u ekuus ij lt+k dk vf/kdkj

1
1
2
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
6

4. tu yksdiky vke vkneh dks fj'or[kksjh ls dSls jkgr fnyk;sxk\

6

5. yksdiky ds rgr ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= ds mYya?ku ls lacaf/kr tu
f'kdk;rksa dk fuokj.k dSls fd;k tk,xk\ ¶yks pkVZ

7

6. tu yksdiky vkSj tu yksdk;qDr esa Hkz"Vkpkj jksdus ds fy, D;k fd;k
tk,xk\

8

1)
;g lfquf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd bl dke ds fy, lgh ykx
s kas dk p;u gks 8

8
9

?k)
;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd vxj os Bhd ls dke ugha djsaxs rks gVk
fn, tk,axs
9
(i) yksdiky ;k yksdk;qDr ds Hkz"V deZpkfj;ksa dks gVk;k tkuk
9
(ii) yksdiky ;k yksdk;qDr ds v/;{k ;k lnL;ksa dk gVk;k tkuk
9
7. tu yksdiky dk vf/kdkj {ks=
d)
loksZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'k
(i) loksZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'k dks gVkuk
(ii) lokPZsp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'k ds fo:) Hk"zVkpkj
(iii) tu yksdiky fcy ds nk;js esa mPp U;k;ikfydk dks 'kkfey
djus ij dqN nksLrksa dh vkifRr;ka
[k)
fuokZfpr jktusrk ftuesa iz/kkuea=h rFkk ea=h Hkh 'kkfey gSa
x)
ukSdj'kkg

10
10
10
10
12
16
16

8. js[kkfp= }kjk yksdiky ;k yksdk;qDr esa Hkz"Vkpkj ds fo:) f'kdk;rksa ds
fuokj.k dk fu:i.k
17
9. Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okyksa (
fOg~ly Cyksvj)
dk laj{k.k

17

10. >wBh vkSj Hkzfer djus okyh f'kdk;rksa ds f[kykQ lqj{kk

18

11. tu yksdiky vf/kfu;e ds ckjs esa vdlj iwNs tkus okys iz'u

19

d)
D;k yksdiky fujadq'k gks tk,xk\
[k)
D;k tu f'kdk;rksa dks yksdiky dh ifjf/k esa ykuk pkfg,\ blls
yksdiky dk dk;ZHkkj vR;kf/kd c<+us ds lkFk&lkFk nq"dj gks
tk,xk\

19

20

12. ifjf'k"V 1

21

13. ifjf'k"V 2

26

Tku yksdiky D;ksa t+:jh gS\
gekjs ekStwnk Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh O;oLFkk esa vussd [kkfe;ka gSa] ftudh otg ls
iq[rk lcwr gksus ds ckotwn Hkz"V yksxksa ds f[kykQ u rks bZekunkjh ls tkap gksrh
gS] u gh eqdnek pyk;k tkrk gS vkSj 'kk;n gh fdlh dks lt+k fey ikrh gSA
gekjh iwjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh O;oLFkk vly esa Hkz"V yksxkssa dks cpkus dk dke djrh
gSA
gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh bdkb;ksa esa dbZ [kkfe;ka gSa ftudh otg ls og dksbZ Hkh
bZekunkj tkap djus esa vleFkZ gSaA
uhps gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ra= dh pkj izeq[k dfe;ka nh xbZ gSA gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj
fujks/kh O;oLFkk dh dfe;ksa dh foLr`r tkudkjh ds fy, ifjf'k"V&1 ns[ksa %
d)
Lora=rk dk vHkko
gekjh T+;knkrj ,tsafl;ka tSls& lhchvkbZ] jkT; lrdZrk foHkkx] fofHkUu foHkkxksa
ds vkarfjd lrdZrk foHkkx] jkT; iqfyl dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh 'kk[kk,a bR;kfn
Lora= ugha gSA vf/kdrj ekeyksa esa mUgsa viuh tkap dh fjiksVZ mUgh yksxksa dks
lkSaiuh gksrh gS tks ;k rks vkjksih gksrs gSa ;k ftuds vkjksfi;ksa ds izHkko esa vkus dh
laHkkouk gksrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,&
?
iatkc ds lrdZrk foHkkx dh ftEesnkjh iatkc ds eq[;ea=h ds ikl gSA et+s dh
ckr ;g gS fd ogh lrdZrk foHkkx eq[;ea=h rFkk muds ifjokj ds yksxksa ds
fo:) Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeyksa dh tkap dj jgk gS rFkk eqdnek pyk jgk gSA D;k
ge mEehn dj ldrs gSa fd lrdZrk foHkkx bZekunkjh ls dksbZ tkap ;k eqdnek
pyk,xk\
?
d`i;k ifjf'k"V&2 esa nh xbZ foLr`r fjiksVZ ns[ksa fd dSls Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh;
jktekxZ izkf/kdj.k (
,u,p,vkbZ)
ds ,d mPp vf/kdkjh ds ?kj ls csfglkc
uxn jkf'k feyus ds ckn Hkh dey ukFk us ml vf/kdkjh ds fo:) Hkz"Vkpkj dk
ekeyk ntZ djus dh vuqefr ugha nhA lhchvkbZ us dks;yk ea=ky; ds ,d
vf/kdkjh] ds f[kykQ eqdnek ntZ djus dh vuqefr ds fy, dbZ ckj vuqjks/k
fd;kA ijarq dks;yk ea=ky; us vuqefr ugha nhA og vf/kdkjh ckn esa lh,eMh
(
eq[; izca/kd funs'kd)
cu x;kA jsyos us blh rjg jsyos HkrhZ ?kksVkys ls tqM+s
mPp vf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[+kykQ+ eqdnek pykus dh lhchvkbZ dh ekax dks yVdk,
j[kkA
[k)
'kfDrghu
gekjh dqN ,tsafl;ka tSls eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksx ;k yksdk;qDr Lora= rks gSa]
1

ysfdu muds ikl dksbZ 'kfDr ugha gSA mUgsa dsoy lykg nsus okyh laLFkk cuk;k
x;k gSA os ljdkj dks nks rjg dh lykg nsrh gSa& fdlh vf/kdkjh ds f[kykQ
foHkkxh; naM yxkus dh ;k mlds fo:) vnkyr esa eqdnek pykus dhA ;g
ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd tc Hkh fdlh ea=h ;k mPp vf/kdkjh ds fo:) ,slh lykg
nh tkrh gS] rc 'kk;n gh ml ij vey gksrk gSA
x)
dbZ rjg dh ,tsafl;ka
ljdkj us tku cw>dj vusd Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsafl;kas dk xBu fd;k gS] rFkk
mUgsa VqdM+ksa esa vf/kdkj iznku fd;s gaSA ;g blfy, fd;k x;k gS ftlls os izHkkoh
u gks ik,aA mnkgj.k ds fy;s&
?
dsUnz ljdkj ds Lrj ij] Hkz"Vkpkj ds ,d gh ekeys esa eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksx
dks mPp vf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dk ekeyk ns[kuk gksrk gS rFkk
foHkkxh; lrdZrk dks dfu"B vf/kdkfj;ksa dk ekeyk ns[kuk gksrk gSA tSls fd
ofj"B vkSj dfu"B vf/kdkjh Hkz"Vkpkj esa vyx&vyx fyIr gksrs gSa !
?
iqu% blh ekeysa esa tgka ;s nksuksa ,tsafl;ka lrdZrk dh n`f"V ls tkap] djrh gSa
ogha lhchvkbZ blh ekeys dh tkap vkijkf/kd n`f"Vdks.k ls djrh gSA lrdZrk
rFkk vkijkf/kd n`f"Vdks.k yxHkx leku gksrs gSa (
nksuksa ,tsafl;ka ,d gh ekeys
dh yxHkx ogh tkap iM+rky vius&vius rjhds ls djrh gaS tks fd yxHkx ,d
tSlh gksrh gaS)
A
?
Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk izLrkfor yksdiky ds vuqlkj eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksx
ukSdj'kkgksa dh Hkwfedk dh tkap djsxk rFkk yksdiky jktusrkvksa dh Hkwfedk dh
tkap djsxkA tSls fd jktusrk vkSj ukSdj'kkg Hkz"Vkpkj esa vyx&vyx
lfEefyr gksa !
lcls igys rks] bl rjg dk foHkktu Hkze iSnk djrk gSA nwljk] ,slh
tkap&iM+rky dbZ lkyksa rd pyrh jgrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy;s] dkWeuosYFk
?kksVkys ds LVªhV ykbV] ekeysa esa igys lhohlh us tkap dh] mlds ckn lhchvkbZ
us tkap dh rFkk mlds ckn blh ekeysa esa 'kqaxyw lfefr us Hkh iwNrkN dhA
rhljk] ;fn nks ,tsafl;ka vyx&vyx urht+ksa ij igqaprh gSa rks blls Hkz"V yksxksa
ds f[+kykQ ekeyk det+ksj iM+rk gSA ,slh Hkzked O;oLFkk dk Qk;nk varr% Hkz"V
yksxksa dks feyrk gS ftudks lt+k dHkh ugha feyrhA
?k)
ikjnf'kZrk ,oa vkarfjd tokcnsgh dh deh
blds lkFk gh] bu Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh bdkb;ksa esa vkarfjd ikjnf'kZrk rFkk
tokcnsgh dh deh gSA orZeku esa] bu Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh bdkb;ksa esa ;fn buds [kqn
2

ds deZpkjh Hkz"V gks tkrs gSa rks bUgsa jksdus ds fy, dksbZ vyx ls izHkkoh O;oLFkk
ugha gSA
;gh dkj.k gS fd bruh ,tsafl;ksa ds gksrs gq, Hkh Hkz"V yksx 'kk;n gh dHkh tsy
tkrs gSaA Hkz"Vkpkj cM+s Q+k;ns rFkk fcuk [krjs okyk O;olk; cu x;k gSA
Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[+kykQ+ fdlh Hkh izdkj dk dksbZ Hk; ugha jg x;k gSA
M+)
gekjh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh dkuwu esa dbZ cM+h [+kkfe;ka gS tks Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dk cpko
djrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, %
?
vkt dh O;oLFkk esa] ;fn dksbZ Hkz"V O;fDr tsy esa tkrk gS rks Hkh ,slk dksbZ
izko/kku dkuwu esa ugha gS ftlds }kjk ml O;fDr dh dkyh dekbZ ;k mlds }kjk
ljdkj dks igqapk, x;s uqdlku dh olwyh dh tk lds mldh laifRr tCr dh
tk ldsA
?
fdlh ekeys esa tkap 'kq: djus ls igys vFkok Hkz"Vkpkj dk ekeyk dksVZ esa
nk;j djus ls igys ml foHkkx ds mPp vf/kdkjh ;k ea=h ls vuqefr ysuh iM+rh
gSA dbZ ekeyksa esa os [kqn izR;{k ;k vizR;{k :i ls Hkz"Vkpkj esa 'kkfey gksrs gSaA
bl izdkj yxrk gS fd Hkz"V yksxksa ds cpko ds fy, cgqr dqN gSA buds vykok
Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh dkuwu esa vusd [kkfe;ka gSaA tu yksdiky vf/kfu;e ds }kjk
Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsafl;ksa vkSj dkuwu dh [kkfe;ksa dks Bhd djus dh dksf'k'k dh
xbZ gSA

tu yksdiky dh lajpuk
tu yksdiky fo/ks;d dgrk gS fd dsUnzh; Lrj ij tu yksdiky vkSj gj jkT;
Lrj ij tu yksdk;qDr uke dh laLFkk cukbZ tk,xhA dsUnz ljdkj ds foHkkxksa ds
f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dh f'kdk;r tu yksdiky ds ikl rFkk jkT; ljdkj ds
foHkkxksa ls lacaf/kr Hkz"Vkpkj dh f'kdk;rsa tu yksdk;qDr ds ikl dh tk,axhA
tu yksdiky @ tu yksdk;qDr esa ,d v/;{k vkSj nl lnL; gkasxsA
d)
tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr dh Lora=rk
tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr ljdkjh fu;a=.k ls iw.kZr% eqDr gksaxsA mudh
Lora=rk fuEu mik;ksa }kjk lqfuf'pr dh tk,xh %
?
iz'kklfud Lora=rk & ;s dsanzh; fuokZpu vk;ksx (CEC)] Hkkjr ds fu;a=d
,oa egkys[kkijh{kd (CAG) ,oa loksZPp U;k;y; dh rjg Lora= bdkbZ
gksaxsA vr% dksbZ Hkh jktusrk ;k ukSdj'kkg muds dk;ksZa esa n[ky ugha ns ldsxkA
3

?
vkfFkZd Lora=rk & buds [kpZ Hkkjr ;k ml jkT; dh ladfyr fuf/k ls fd;s
tk,axs bUgsa ftrus Hkh [kpZ dh t+:jr gksxh] oks mUgsa miyC/k djk;s tk,axsA tu
yksdiky @ tu yksdk;qDr t+:jr ds vuqlkj fdrus Hkh deZpkfj;ksa dks fu;qDr
dj ldrs gSaA ;g ljdkjh lsok esa yxs gq, deZpkfj;ksa dks ;k ckgj ds fdlh Hkh
O;fDr dks fu;qDr dj ldrs gSaA
[k)
dsoy ,d Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsalh
lhchvkbZ dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh 'kk[kk] eq[; lrdZrk vk;ksx rFkk foHkkxh;
lrdZrk dks tu yksdiky esa foy; dj fn;k tk,xkA iqfyl dh Hkz"Vkpkj
fujks/kh 'kk[kk rFkk jkT; ds lrdZrk foHkkx dks tu yksdk;qDr esa feyk fn;k
tk,xkA 1986 esa tc dukZVd esa yksdk;qDr cuk;k x;k Fkk] rc ml le; dh
lHkh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh vkSj lrdZRkk ,tsafl;ksa dk yksdk;qDr esa foy; dj fn;k
x;k FkkA
orZeku esa 18 jkT;ksa esa yksdk;qDr dh laLFkk dke dj jgh gSA ;s dsoy lykg
lykg nsrh gSa] u rks buds ikl lalk/ku gS vkSj u gh 'kfDr;kaA tu yksdiky
fo/ks;d ds ek/;e ls buds LFkku ij tu yksdk;qDrksa dh LFkkiuk dj nh
tk,xhA
x)
dsoy lykgdkjh laLFkk,a ugha !
tu yksdiky rFkk tu yksdk;qDr lykgdkjh laLFkk,a ugha gksxhA buds ikl
fdlh Hkh ekeys esa tkap 'kq: djus vkSj eqdnek pykus dh 'kfDr gksxhA blds
fy, bUgsa fdlh ljdkjh ,tsalh ls vuqefr ugha ysuh gksxhA tu yksdiky rFkk
tu yksdk;qDr dks vf/kdkfj;ksa ij foHkkxh; naM yxkus dh Hkh 'kfDr gksxhA

Hkz"Vkpkfj;¨a ds f[kykQ tu yksdiky }kjk
D;k dkjZokbZ dh tk,xh \
vkt gj rjQ Hkkjh Hkz"Vkpkj gS& iapk;r d¢ dke esa] lM+d cUkkus esa] ujsxk]
feM&Ms ehy] jk'ku ls ysdj [knku¨a d¢ Bsd¨a esa] 2 th LisDVªe ?kksVkyk]
dkWeuosYFk rd] tgka ns[k¨ ogha Hkz"VkpkjA tu y¨diky fuEufyf[kr izko/kkuksa
ds ek/;e ls ;g lqfuf'pr djsxk fd gj Hkz"Vkpkjh d¨ fuf'pr :i ls lt+k
feysA
d- tkap dh fuf'pr le;kof/k
Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ fdlh Hkh ekeys esa tkap dk dke ,d lky esa iwjk djuk gksxkA ;g
4

lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, dh le; vof/k esa tkap [kre gks& t+:jr iM+us ij tu
y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr vkSj vQlj¨a dh HkrÊ dj lda¢xsA tkap ds ckn fuEu
nks dkjZokbZ dh tk,xh&
Hkz"V vQljksa dks ukSdjh ls gVkuk& tkap ds ckn] ;fn i;kZIr lcwr ik;s tkrs
?
gSa rks tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds ikl Hkz"V vQljksa dks gVkus ;k muds
f[k+ykQ+ vU; fdlh foHkkxh; n.M tSls inkoufr] inksUufr ij jksd] yxkus dk
vf/kdkj gksxkA bu vkns'kksa dks mPp U;k;ky; esa pqukSrh nh tk ldsxhA
?
tsy Hkstus dh dkjZokbZ& tkap dh ÁfØ;k iwjh g¨ tkus ij tu y¨diky ;k
tu y¨dk;qDr vnkyr esa d¢l nkf[ky djsaxsA dksVZ dks ,d lky ds Hkhrj
lquokbZ iwjh djds lt+k lqukuh gksxhA le; ij Vªk;y lqfuf'pr djus ds fy,
tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr vfrfjDr dksVZ LFkkfir djus ds fy, ljdkj
dks funsZ'k ns ldsaxsA
[k- ljdkj d¨ gq, uqdlku dh olwyh
tkap ds nkSjku ;fn iq[rk lcwr gksa rks tuyksdiky vkjksih dh laifRr ds
gLrkarj.k ij jksd yxk ldrk gSA ;g jksd vkjksih ls ykHk ikus okys yksxksa dh
laifRr;ksa ij Hkh yx ldrh gSA QSlyk lqukrs oDr dksVZ Hkz"Vkpkj ls ljdkj dks
gq, uqdlku dk vkadyu djsxhA bl uqdlku dh olwyh bu laifRr;ksa }kjk dh
tk,xh (
ekStwnk dkuwu esa Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa }kjk yh xbZ fj'or ;k ljdkj dks gq,
uqdlku dh olwyh dk dksbZ izko/kku ugha gS)
A
x- laifRr;ksa dh dqdÊ (
t+Cr djuk)
lHkh vQlj¨a] usrkv¨a v©j tt¨a d¨ gj lky vius v©j vius ifjokj d¢ py ,oa
vpy laifRr;¨a dk fooj.k tek djuk g¨xk ftls ljdkjh osclkÃV ij Mkyk
tk;sxkA bld¢ ckn ;fn d¨Ã v?kksf"kr laifRr ikà tkrh gS r¨ ;g eku fy;k
tk;sxk fd bls Hkz"Vkpkj ls gkfly fd;k x;k gS vkSj bldh dqdhZ dh tk,xhA
vkjksih ds f[kykQ eqdnesa dh dk;Zokgh 'kq: dh tk,xhA
,sls gh] gj pquko d¢ ckn Hkh tu y¨diky@yksdk;qDr ÁR;sd ÁR;k'kh }kjk
?k¨f"kr laifRr;¨a dh tkap djsxkA ;fn dksbZ v?k¨f"kr laifRr ikbZ tkrh gS rks
ekeyk ntZ fd;k tk;sxk rFkk tkap 'kq: dh tk,xhA
?k- Hkz"Vkpkj ds fy, dBksj lt+k
orZeku esa] Hkz"Vkpkj ds fy, de ls de N% eghus vkSj vf/kd ls vf/kd lkr
lky dh lt+k gksrh gS] tks ekuk tkrk gS fd cgqr de gSA tu yksdiky dkuwu esa
bls c<+kdj de ls de ,d lky vkSkj vf/kdre vkthou dkjkokl djus dk
5

izLrko gSA
M+-

voS/k :i ls izkIr gq, ykHk dks Hkz"Vkpkj ds ek/;e ls vftZr fd;k gqvk ekuk
tk,xk
ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa] ;fn voS/k :i ls ljdkj ls dksbZ ykHk izkIr djrk gS rks ;g
lkfcr djuk cgqr eqf'dy gksrk gS fd mlus bls fj'or nsdj izkIr fd;k gSA
blfy,] tu yksdiky fcy ;g dgrk gS fd ;fn dksbZ O;fDr fdlh fu;e ;k
dk;ns&dkuwu dk mYya?ku djds dksbZ ljdkjh ykHk izkIr djsxk gS rks ml
O;fDr ds lkFk&lkFk lacaf/kr vf/kdkjh Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj dk nks"kh eku fy;k tk,xkA

p- vkns'kksa ds u ekuus ij lt+k dk vf/kdkj
tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds vkns'kksa ds u ekuus ij mls vkfFkZd naM
yxkus dk vf/kdkj gksxk vkSj lkFk gh nks"kh vf/kdkjh ds f[kykQ voekuuk dh
dkjZokgh 'kq: dh tk,xhA

tu y¨diky vke vkneh d¨ fj'or[k¨jh ls
dSls jkgr fnyk;sxk\
vkt ,d vke vkneh d¨ fdlh Hkh ljdkjh n¶rj esa viuk dke djkus d¢ fy;s
fj'or nsuh iM+rh gS& tSls jk'ku dkMZ ;k ikliksVZ cukus esa] vk;dj fjVuZ ;k
isa'ku ysus esaA tu y¨diky v©j tu yksdk;qDr vke vkneh dks ,sls j¨tejkZ d¢
Hkz"Vkpkj ls jkgr fnyk;sxkA
?
lHkh ljdkjh foHkkxksa dks ,d ukxfjd pkVZj (
?kks"k.kk i=)
rS;kj djuk gksxk]
ftlesa ;g fy[kk gksxk fd dkSu lk vf/kdkjh turk dk dkSu lk dke fdrus
fnu esa iwjk djsxkA tSls& dkSu lk vQlj jk'ku dkMZ cuk;sxk] dkSu lk vQlj
ikliksVZ cuk;sxk vkSj budks cukus esa fdruk oDr yxsxkA
?
vxj pkVZj dk ikyu ugha fd;k tkrk] rks dksbZ Hkh O;fDr mlds f[k+ykQ ml
foHkkx ds eqf[k;k ds ikl f'kdk;r dj ldsxkA foHkkx dk eqf[k;k tu f'kdk;r
vf/kdkjh ¼ihthv¨)
ds :i esa dk;Z djsxkA
?
ihthvks dks f'kdk;r dk fuiVkjk vf/kdre 30 fnuksa esa djuk gksxkA
?
vxj f'kdk;rdrkZ ihthvks ds dke ls larq"V ugha gksrk gS] rks og bldh
f'kdk;r lh/ks lrdZrk vf/kdkjh ;kfu foftysal vQlj] ls dj ldrk gSA tu
yksdiky ds ikl gj ftys esa ,d lrdZrk vf/kdkjh vkSj yksdk;qDr ds ikl gj
iz[kaM ;kfu CykWd esa ,d lrdZrk vf/kdkjh gksxkA
?
,slh f'kdk;rksa esa ;g eku fy;k tk,xk fd buesa fj'or[kksjh dk ekeyk
6

curk gSA

tu yksdiky vkSj tu yksdk;qDr laLFkkvksa ds vanj
Hkz"Vkpkj jksdus ds fy, D;k fd;k tk,xk\

?
lrdZrk vf/kdkjh dks&
o 30 fnuksa ds Hkhrj f'kdk;rdrkZ dk dke djokuk gksxkA

1- ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd bl dke ds fy, lgh yksxksa dk p;u gksA

o nks"kh vf/kdkfj;ksa ij tqekZuk yxkuk gksxk] tks f'kdk;rdrkZ dks eqvkot+s
ds :i esa feysxkA

blds fy, tu yksdiky @ yksdk;qDr ds v/;{k o lnL;ksa dh p;u izfd;k
dks ikjn'khZ ,oa O;kid vk/kkj okyk cuk;k x;k gS] ftlesa yksxksa dh iwjh
Hkkxhnkjh gSA

o n¨"kh vf/kdkjh d¢ f[+kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dh dk;Zokgh 'kq# dh tk;sxhA
?
;fn dksbZ ukxfjd lrdZrk foHkkx dh dk;Zokgh ls larq"V ugha gksrk gS rks og
tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkjh ;kfu phQ foftyasl
vQlj (
lh-oh-vks-)
ds ikl vihy dj ldsxkA
?
fdlh foHkkx ds vf/kdkjh ds f[kykQ yxs vkfFkZd ;k foHkkxh; naM ds fo:)
mPp U;k;ky; esa vihy dh tk ldsxhA
?
gekjk ekuuk gS fd tc fdlh foHkkx ds izeq[k ds Åij dqN tqekZus
yxk, tk,axs] rks og mfpr O;oLFkk ykxw djsxk vkSj ;g lqfuf'pr djsxk
fd Hkfo"; esa ,slh f'kdk;rsa u vk;sA

tu yksdiky@yksdk;qDr ds rgr ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= (
ukxfjd ?kks"k.kk
i= ;k flfVt+u pkVZj)
ds mYya?ku ls lacaf/kr tu f'kdk;rksa dk fuokj.k
dSls fd;k tk,xk\
¶yks&pkVZ
Ukkxfjd flfVt+u
pkVZj ds vuqlkj
lacaf/kr vf/kdkjh
dks dk;Z djkus ds
fy, laidZ djsxkA

;fn dk;Z larks"ktud :i ls ukxfjd tu
;fn f'kdk;r dk
f'kdk;r
vf/kdkjh
fuf'pr le;kof/k esa iwjk
fuiVkjk 30 fnu esa
(
ih-th-vks-)
dks
ugha fd;k tkrk gS rks---ugha gksrk tkrkA
f'kdk;r djsxkA

lrdZrk vf/kdkjh

Ukkxfjd tu yksdiky@tu
f'kdk;r izkIr gksus ds
yksdk;qDr ds lrdZrk
30 fnu ds Hkhrj nks"kh
vf/kdkjh dks f'kdk;r
vf/kdkjh ij tqekZuk
djsxhA

yksdiky

yxk,xk tks mls
ihfM+r O;fDr dks
gtkZus ds :i esa nsuh
gksxhA og ml ij
Hkz"Vkpkj dh dk;Zokgh
Hkh 'kq: djsxkA

7

;fn ihfM+r
O;fDr vc Hkh
vlarq"V gksA

eq[;
lrdZrk
vf/kdkjh
dks
vihyA

?
tu yksdiky ds nl lnL;ksa vkSj vè;{k ds p;u ds fy, ,d p;u
lfefr cukbZ tk,xhA bl lfefr esa iz/kkuea=h] yksdlHkk esa foi{k ds usrk]
nks lcls de mez ds lqizhe dksVZ ds tt] nks lcls de mez ds gkbZ dksVZ ds
eq[; U;k;k/kh'k] Hkkjr d¢ fu;a=d ,oa egkys[kk ijh{kd ¼lh,th½ ,oa] eq[;
fuokZpu vk;qDr ¼lhbZlh½ gksaxsA p;u lfefr ;ksX; yksxksa dk p;u ml
lwph ls djsxh] tks mls ^lpZ desVh* }kjk eqgS;k djkbZ tk,xhA
?
^^lpZ desVh^^ esa nl lnL; gksaxs] ftldk xBu bl rjg gksxk%& lcls
igys iwoZ@fjVk;MZ lhbZlh vkSj iwoZ lh,th esa ls ikap lnL; pqus tk,axsA
buesa oks iwoZ lhbZlh vkSj iwoZ lh,th 'kkfey ugha gksaxs] tks nkx+h gksa ;k fdlh
jktuhfrd ikVhZ ls tqM+ gq, gksa ;k vc Hkh fdlh ljdkjh lsok esa dk;Zjr
gksaA ;s ikap lnL; vc ckd+h ikap lnL;ksa dk p;u ns'k ds lEekfur yksxksa
esa ls djsaxs] vkSj bl rjg nl yksxksa dh lpZ desVh cusxhA
?
lpZ desVh ns'k ds fofHkUu lEEkkfur yksxksa] tSls laikndksa dqyifr;ksa] ;k
ftudks oks Bhd le>sa& muls lq>ko ekaxsxhA bu yksxksa ds lq>k;s x;s uke
osclkbV ij Mkys tk,axs] ftu ij turk dh jk; yh tk,xhA blds ckn
lpZ desVh dh ehfVax gksxh ftlesa vke jk; ls fjDr inksa ls frxquh la[;k
esa mEehnokjksa dks pquk tk,xkA ;g lwph p;u lfefr dks Hksth tk,xh] tks
lnL;ksa dk p;u djsxhA
?
lpZ desVh vkSj p;u lfefr dh lHkh cSBdksa dh ohfM;ks fjdkWfMZax gksxh]
ftls lkoZtfud fd;k tk,xkA
?
bld¢ ckn tu y¨diky v©j tu y¨dk;qDr vIkus dk;kZy; d¢
vf/kdkfj;¨a dk p;u djsaxs v©j mUgsa fu;qDr djsaxsA
2- ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd ;s y¨x Bhd ls dke djsaA
?
tu y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr d¨ gj f'kdk;r ij dkjZokbZ djuh gksxhA
8

lquokbZ fd, fcuk fdlh Hkh f'kdk;r dks [kkfjt ugha fd;k tk,xkA ;fn
fdlh Hkh ekeys dks can fd;k tkrk gS rks ,slk djus ds ckn mlls tqM+s
reke nLrkost+¨a d¨ lkoZtfud fd;k tk,xkA
?
tu yksdiky v©j tu yksdk;qDr dk dkedkt iwjh rjg ikjn'khZ gksxkA
ftu nLrkost+¨a ls jk"Vªh; lqj{kk izHkkfor gksrh gks ;k ftuls Hkz"Vkpkj ds
f[k+ykQ vkokt mBkus okyksa dks [krjk igqaprk gks] mu nLrkost+¨a dks
NksM+dj lHkh fjdkWM~lZ ;k nLrkost+ lkoZtfud fd, tk,axsA ftu
nLrkost+ksa ls tkap dh izfdz;k esa ck/kk igqaprh gS mUgsa] tkap ds nkSjku jksdk
tk ldrk gS ysfdu] tkap ds ckn mUgsa Hkh lkoZtfud dj fn;k tk,xkA
?
fdrus ekeys vk;s] fdrus lqy>k, x,] fdrus can dj fn, x,] D;ksa can dj
fn, x,] fdrus yafcr gSa vkfn dk iwjk ys[kk&tks[kk gj eghus osclkbV ij
izdkf'kr fd;k tk;sxkA
3- ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr fdlh ls
izHkkfor u gksaA
tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds vè;{k ;k lnL;ksa dk dk;Zdky [kRe gksus ds
ckn o¨ fdlh Hkh ljdkjh in d¨ Xkzg.k ugh dj ld¢axs v©j u gh d¨Ã pquko yM+

II) tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds v/;{k ;k lnL;ksa dk gVk;k
t
k
u
k
tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds vè;{k o lnL;ksa ds f[k+ykQ dksbZ Hkh
vkneh mPpre U;k;ky; ;k ml jkT; d¢ mPp U;k;ky; esa f'kdk;r dj
ldrk gSA U;k;ky; dh ,d csap d¢ lquokà d¢ ckn fo'ks"k tkap Vhe d¢
xBu dk vkns'k ns tk ldrs gaSA bl Vhe dks rhu eghus esa tkap iwjh djuh
gksxhA tkap ds vk/kkj ij U;k;ky; tu yksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds
vè;{k ;k lnL;ksa dks gVkus dk vkns'k ns ldrh gSA

tu y¨diky dk vf/kdkj {ks=
d)
lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; rFkk mPp U;k;ky; d¢ U;k;k/kh'k
I½ lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; d¢ fdlh U;k;k/kh'k d¨ gVkus dh
dk;Zokgh
orZeku O;oLFkk & fdlh U;k;k/kh'k d¨ xyr vkpj.k d¢ ekeys esa
lafo/kkfud fyf[kr ÁfØ;k d¢ vuqlkj egkfHk;¨x yxk dj gVk;k tk
ldrk gSA
tu yksdiky dkuwu }kjk ÁLrkfor O;oLFkk& tu y¨diky fo/ks;d
esa bl O¸koLFkk d¨ cnyus dk d¨Ã ÁLrko ugha gSA

ld¢axsA
4- ;g lqfuf'pr fd;k tk,xk fd vxj os Bhd ls dke ugha djsaxs rks gVk fn,
tk,axsA
I) tu Ykksdiky ;k tu yksdk;qDr ds Hkz"V deZpkfj;ksa dks gVk;k
tkuk
deZpkfj;ksa ds Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ f'kdk;r ,d Lora= eap ij dh
t
k
ldsxh tks izR;sd vk;qDr ;k izR;sd jkT; ,oa jk"Vªh; Lrj
(
eaMyh; Lrj dfe'ujsV Lrj ij)
ij xfBr gksxkA bu f'kdk;rksa
ij ,d eghus ds vanj tkap djuh gksxhA ;fn vkjksi lkfcr gksrs gSa
rks Hkz"V deZpkjh dks vxys ,d eghus ds vanj ukSdjh ls fudky
fn;k tk,xk vkSj mlds f[kykQ Hkkjrh; n.M lafgrk ,oa Hkz"Vkpkj
fuokj.k vf/kfu;e d¢ fofHkUu izko/kkuksa ds rgr Q©tnkjh dk eqdnek nk;j
fd;k tk;sxkA
9

II½ lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; rFkk mPp U;k;ky; d¢ U;k;k/kh'k¨a d¢ fo#) Hkz"Vkpkj d¢
ekey¨a dh tkap orZeku O;oLFkk & vkt] ;fn fdlh lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; ;k
mPp U;k;ky; d¢ U;k;k/kh'k d¢ f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dk vkj¨i g¨ rks Hkkjr
d¢ eq[; U;k;k/kh'k dh vuqefr ds fcuk u rks mlds f[kykQ ¼,Q- vkbZvkj-½ ntZ djkbZ tk ldrh gS vkSj u gh tkap 'kqa: dh tk ldrh gSA ,slk
ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd fdlh U;k;k/kh'k ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj ds i;kZIr lcwrksa
ds is'k fd;s tkus ds ckotwn eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djus
dk vkns'k nsus ls fgpfdpkrs gSaA
,sls Hkh eq[; U;k;k/kh'k tks viuh bZekunkjh ds fy, tkus tkrs gSa] mUgksaus
rd ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr ugha nhA tSls] Jh ih fpnacju
us dydRrk mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'k lsu xqIrk ds f[kykQ ¼,Q- vkbZvkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr ekaxh FkhA ;g vuqefr ml le; Hkkjr ds
eq[; U;k;k/kh'k oSadVpyS;k ls ekaxh xbZ Fkh tks viuh lR;fu"Bk ds fy,
tkus tkrs gSa] fQj Hkh U;k;k/kh'k oSadVpyS;k us vuqefr ugha nhA U;k;k/kh'k
lsu xqIrk ds f[kykQ lcwrksa ds etcwr gksus dk vanktk blh ckr ls yxk;k
10

tk ldrk gS fd muds fjVk;jeasV ;k lsokfuo`Rr gksrs gh Nkik iM+k vkSj
mUgsa fgjklr esa ys fy;k x;k D;ksafd fjVk;jeasV ;k lsokfuo`fRr ds ckn
Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ls vuqefr dh t+:jr ugha gksrhA
,sls <sjksa ekeysa gS tgka ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr Bqdjk
nh xbZA ,sls dqN ekeys uhps fn;s x;s gSA
bykgkckn gkbZ dksVZ ds tt tfLVl HkYyk ds f[kykQ ,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ
djkus dh ekax lu~ 2006 ls yafcr gSA ;g ekax ^^dSEiSu vkWu T;qfMf'k;y
vdkmaVfcfyVh** }kjk mBkbZ xbZ Fkh ftlds izfrfuf/k 'kkafr Hkw"k.k] Á'kkar
Hkw"k.k] jke tsBeykuh] U;k;ewÆr jktsUæ lPpj] bfUnjk t;flag] vjfoan
fuxe vkfn gSaA tfLVl ,Q- vkbZ- fjcSsyks ds f[kykQ ,Q- vkbZ- vkj- ntZ
djkus dh blh lewg dh eakx Hkh flrEcj 2010 ls T;ksa dh R;ksa iM+h gqbZ gSA

III½ tu yksdiky fcy ds nk;js esa mPp U;k;ikfydk dks 'kkfey
djus
ij dqN nksLrksa dh vkifRr;ka %
tu yksdiky izLrko dh vkykspuk
;g U;k;ikfydk dh Lora=rk dks
izHkkfor djsxkA

blfy, loksZPp U;k;ky; vkSj mPp U;k;ky;ksa ds U;k;k/kh'kksa ds f[kykQ
,Q-vkbZ-vkj- ntZ djkus ds fy, Hkkjr ds eq[; U;k;k/kh'k ls vuqefr
ekaxus okyh ekStwnk O;oLFkk mPp U;kf;d iz.kkyh esa Hkz"Vkpkj dks c<+kok
nsus okyh rFkk Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dks lqj{kk iznku djus okyh ekywe gksrh gSA
ÁLrkfor O;oLFkk % ,slh xyrQgeh QSykbZ tk jgh gS fd U;k;ikfydk dks
tu yksdiky ds fu;a=.k esa yk;k tk jgk gSA ;g fcYdqy xyr /kkj.kk gSA
tu yksdiky ds rgr izLrkfor fd;k x;k gS fd fdlh Hkh U;k;k/kh'k ds
Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ ,Q- vkbZ- vkj- ntZ djkus dh vuqefr Hkkjr ds eq[;
U;k;k/kh'k ds ctk; lkr lnL;ksa okyh tu yksdiky dh ,d ihB nsxh
(
bl ihB esa U;kf;d izfdz;k ls tqM+s lnL;ksa dh la[;k cgqer esa gks ldrh
gS)
A
ekStwnk O;oLFkk vkSj tu yksdiky fcy esa izLrkfor O;oLFkk esa cl
bruk gh okLrfod QdZ gSA
,Q- vkbZ- vkj- ntZ gksus ds ckn vxj dksbZ ekeyk curk gS rks ekStwnk
O;oLFkk ds rgr iqfyl ;k lhchvkbZ ekeys dh tkap djrh gS vkSj eqdnek
pykrh gS A pawfd gekjk izLrko gS fd lhchvkbZ dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh 'kk[kk
dk tu yksdiky esa foy; dj fn;k tk, blfy, tkfgj gS fd ,Q- vkbZvkj- ntZ gksus ds ckn tkap ,oa eqdnek nk;j djuk yksdiky dh tkap ,oa
eqdnesa ds fy, cuh ubZ 'kk[kk djsxhA
tkap ds iwjk gksus ds ckn tu yksdiky dh iwjh ihB ;g r; djsxh fd
eqdnek dksVZ esa nk;j fd;k tk, ;k ughaA tu yksdiky ds ikl
U;k;k/kh'k dks nafMr djus ;k mUgsa c[kkZLr djus dh dksbZ 'kfDr ugha
gksxhA U;k;ky; gh ekeys esa lquokbZ djds lt+k lquk,axsA dqy feyk ds
11

blls tu yksdiky ij dke dk cks>
cgqr gh c<+ tk,xkA

tu yksdiky dh izfrfdz;k
;g U;k;ikfydk dh Lora=rk dks dSls
izHkkfor djsxk \ ge U;k; O;oLFkk dk
cgqr lEeku djrs gSa vkSj pkgrs gS fd
og Lora=r jgsA mPp U;k;ikfydk ds
T;knkrj U;k;k/kh'k bZekunkj gSa ijarq ]
dqN yksxksa }kjk fd;s x;s xyr dkeksa dh
otg ls iwjh U;k;ikfydk dk uke
cnuke gks x;h gSA ,sls Hkz"V yksxksa dh
igpku gksuh pkfg, vkSj muds f[kykQ
dk;Zokgh gksuh pkfg,A tu yksdiky dh
O;oLFkk tks bls izHkko'kkyh rjhds ls dj
ik,xhA rc U;k;ikfydk dh Lora=rk
dks etcwrh feysxh vkSj yksxksa dh ut+jksa
esa mldh fo'oluh;rk vkSj Hkh c<+sxhA
ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa Hkz"Vkpkfj;ksa dks 'kj.k
fey jgh gSA blfy, ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa
yksxksa ds tgu esa U;k;ikfydk dh Nfo
vkSj fo'oluh;rk dks de dj jgh gS
vkSj lkFk gh viuh Lora=rk ds lkFk
le>kSrk Hkh dj jgh gSA
Tku yksdiky vf/kfu;e ,d ,slh
O;oLFkk cuk,xk tks ;g lqfuf'pr djsxk
fd tt ds f[kykQ izkFkfedh vkSj
eqdnek ntZ djus dh izfdz;k Lora= gksA
gekjs ns'k esa 1000 ls Hkh de loksZPp
U;k;ky; vkSj mPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'k
gSaA U;k;k/kh'k ,l-ih- Hk:pk us ,d ckj
dgk Fkk fd mPp U;k;ikfydk esa 20
Qhlnh ls Hkh de Hkz"Vkpkjh gSaA tkfgj gS
fd mu lHkh ds f[kykQ ,d gh le; ij
f'kdk;rsa ugha vk;saxhA ysfdu vxj lHkh
f'kdk;rsa ,d lkFk vk Hkh tkrh gSa rks Hkh
f'kdk;rsa 200 ls rks de gh gksaxhA ;g cgqr
gh NksVh la[;k gS vkSj blls fdlh Hkh
ek;us ls tu yksdiky ij dke dk cks>
ugha c<+sxkA
12

U;kf;d ekeysa dkQh isfpns isphnk gksrs
gSaA blfy, U;k;k/kh'kksa ds f[kykQ vkus
okyh f'kdk;rksa dks U;k;ikfydk ls tqM+s
O;fDr }kjk gh ns[kk tkuk pkfg,A

tu yksdiky dks U;kf;d ekeyksa esa
gLr{ksi djus ;k fdlh Hkh U;kf;d
izfdz;k ;k QSlykas ij loky djus dk
vf/kdkj ugha gksxkA tu yksdiky dks
U;k;k/kh'kksa ds is'ksxr O;ogkj @
nqjZO;ogkj esa >kadus dh 'kfDr ugha gSA
tu yksdiky flQZ fdlh Hkh U;k;k/kh'k
ds f[kykQ fj'or ysus ds vkjksiksa ds fy,
ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh
vuqefr ns ldsxkA fj'or ysuk vkSj nsuk
nksuksa gh n.Muh; vijk/k gSA blesa dksbZ
rduhdh i{k 'kkfey ugha gSA vxj bl
rdZ dks Lohdkj fd;k tk, rks fQj
vk;dj foHkkx ls tqM+s yksx Hkh dgsaxs fd
vk;dj ,d cgqr isfpnk isphnk ekeyk gS
vkSj bl foHkkx ds vQljksa ds f[kykQ
Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeyksa dks mUgha yksxksa dks
ns[kuk pkfg, tks vk;dj ls tqM gksaA
usrkvksa] lhek 'kqYd vf/kdkfj;ksa vkSj
yksd'kkgh ds nwljs foHkkxksa dh Hkh ekaxsa
blh rjg dh gksaxhA

ysfdu] gekjs lafo/kku esa U;k;/kh'kksa ds
egkfHk;ksx dh izfdz;k igys ls gh nh gqbZ
gSA D;k vki lafo/kku esa dksbZ la'kks/ku dh
lykg ns jgsa gSa\

tu yksdiky dkuwu lafo/kku esa la'kks/ku
dh ckr ugha dg jgk gSA ge lafo/kku esa
ekStwn U;k;k/kh'kksa ds egkfHk;ksx ls tqM+s
izko/kkuksa dks tu yksdiky dkuwu Nw rd
ugha jgk gSA egkfHk;ksx dh ckr gh ugh gks
jgh gSaA flQZ bruk dgk tk jgk gSa fd
U;k;k/kh'kksa ds f[kykQ ÁkFkfedh ¼,QvkbZ- vkj-½ ntZ djkus dh vuqefr eq[;
U;k;k/kh'k ds ctk; tu yksdiky dh
lkr lnL;ksa okyh ihB dks ns nh tk,A

ljdkj dh rjQ ls is'k fd;s x;s
T;qfMf'k;y vdkmaVfcfyVh fcy dk D;k
gksxk\

nqHkkZX;o'k] ljdkj }kjk is'k fd;s x;s
T;qfMf'k;y LVSaMM~Zl ,aM vdkmaVfcfyVh
fcy bl ckr dk Hkjkslk ugha fnykrk fd
blls U;k;ikfydk fdlh Hkh izdkj ls
tokcnsg cu ik,xhA bl fcy ls ,slk
eglwl gksrk gS fd U;k;ikfydk Lo;a gh
13

viuh tokcnsgh r; djsxhA fn[kkus ek=]
blesa dqN dk;Zdkfj;ksa dks 'kkfey dj
fy;k x;k gSA U;k;ikfydk fuxjkuh
lfefr tks U;k;k/kh'kksa ds f[kykQ
f'kdk;rsa ntZ djsxh] mlesa Hkkjr ds iwoZ
eq[; U;k;k/kh'k] loksZPp U;k;y; ds ,d
orZeku U;k;k/kh'k] mPp U;k;ky; ds ,d
orZeku U;k;k/kh'k] vVkWuhZ tujy vkSj
jk"Vªifr ds }kjk euksuhr ,d lEekfur
O;fDr dks 'kkfey fd;k tk,xkA bldk
eryc gS fd blesa U;k;ikfydk ls rhu
yksx] ftuesa ekStwnk nks U;k;k/kh'k vkSj nks
yksx dk;Zdkfj.kh ls 'kkfey gksaxsA bu ikap
lnL;ksa esa ls rhu insu (Ex-Officio)
lnL; gksaxs tks vius dke ds lkFk dkQh
O;Lr gksaxsA blfy, os f'kdk;rksa ds ns[kus
ds fy;s t:jr ds eqrkfcd le; eqf'dy
ls fudky ik;saxsA ;gh otg gS fd
fuxjkuh lfefr u rks ljdkj ls Lora=
gksxh vkSj u gh U;k;ikfydk lsA blds
vykok ;g s U;k;k/kh'kksa ds f[kykQ,d
cM+k cqjk izko/kku bl fcy esa fn;k x;k gS
fd f'kdk;r dks ,d leh{kk lfefr dks
Hkstk tk,xk] ftlesa mlh U;k;ky; ds nks
orZeku U;k;k/kh'k vkSj ,d lsokfuo`Ùk
U;k;k/kh'k 'kkfey gksaxsA blls leh{kk
lfefr ds fy, ;g yxHkx ukeqefdu gks
tk,xk fd ,sls O;fDr ds f[kykQ viuh
fu"i{k fjiksVZ nsa] tks mlh U;k;ky; esa
mudk lkFkh gSA
blds vykok T;qfMf'k;y vdkmaVfcfyVh
fcy U;k;k/kh'kksa dh vksj ls yh tkus okyh
fj'or ds ckjs esa ckr ugha djrkA ;g flQZ
is'ks ls tqM+h gqbZ xyr vkpj.k dh ckr
djrk gSA tu yksdiky vkijkf/kd
O;ogkj dh ckr djrk gSA blfy, ;g
nksuksa ,d nwljs ds fy, iwjd gSA
U;k;ikfydk dh fuxjkuh lfefr ds ikl
iqfyl vkSj tkap djus dh 'kfDr rFkk
fj'or ysus dh vkijkf/kd f'kdk;rksa ls
fuiVus ds fy, dksbZ ra= ugha gSA ;g dke
dsoy tu yksdiky dj ldrk gSA
14

tu yksdiky ds lnL;ksa ds f[kykQ
f'kdk;rsa loksZPp U;k;ky; esa tk,axh vkSj
loksZPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;/kh'kksa dh
f'kdk;r tu yksdiky ds iklA D;k
blls ,d fdLe dk pdz curk fn[kkbZ
ugha nsrk\

D;k gesa ekStwnk O;oLFkk esa Hkkjr ds eq[;
U;k;k/kh'k ds ctk; tu yksdiky ds lkr
lnL;ksa okyh ihB dks vuqefr nsus ds
vf/kdkj ds fy, lafo/kku esa la'kks/ku dh
t:jr ugha gksxh\

[k)
fuokZfpr jktusrk (
Á/kkuea=h rFkk ea=h lesr)
%
fdlh Hkh yksdra= esa bl izdkj dk pdz
mPp Lrjksa ij vkarfjd tkap vkSj larqyu
dk ,d fgLlk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy,]
loksZPp U;k;ky; fo/kkf;dk vkSj
dk;Zikfydk ij ut+j j[krh gS vkSj
fo/kkf;dk ds ikl U;kf;d ekeyksa ds fy,
dkuwu cukus dh 'kfDr;ka gSA
vxj loksZPp U;k;ky; ds U;k;k/kh'k vkSj
tu yksdiky ds lnL;kas ds f[kykQ ,d
gh le; ij dksbZ f'kdk;r gksrh gS rks
tkfgj lh ckr gS fd vkjksih U;k;k/kh'k ;k
vkjksih lnL; s ihB ls ckgj gks tk,xk A
vxj dHkh Hkh ,slk ekSdk vkrk gS rks nksuksa
laLFkk ds dk;Zokgh esa ikjnf'kZrk dh otg
ls nq#i;ksx dh laHkkouk ij utj j[kh
tk ldsxhA nksuksa txgksa dh lquokbZ dks
turk ,oa ehfM;k ds fy, [kqyk j[kk
tk,xkA
ugha] gesa fdlh izdkj ds la'kks/ku dh
t:jr ugha gSAu rks gekjs lafo/kku esa
vkSj u gh fdlh dkuwu esa ;g fy[kk gS fd
fdlh U;k;/kh'k ds f[kykQ ,Q- vkbZvkj- ntZ djkus ls igys Hkkjr ds eq[;
U;k;/kh'k ls vuqefr ysuh gksxhA ,slh
O;oLFkk loksZPp U;k;ky; dh vksj ls ohjk
Lokeh ds ekeys esa ,d vkns'k ds }kjk
cukbZ xbZ Fkh fnypLi ckr ;g gS fd bl
QSlys ls igys dHkh fdlh U;k;k/kh'k ds
f[kykQ >wBh ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q- vkbZ- vkj-½
ntZ gh ugha djkbZ xbZ vkSj ,sls esa bl
rjg dk QSlyk iwjh rjg fujFkZd FkkA

15

;fn d¨Ã jktusrk Hkz"Vkpkj esa fyIr ik;k tkrk gS r¨ tu y¨diky ;k tu
yksdk;qDr mld¢ f[kykQ turk fd fdlh f'kdk;r ;k [kqn ls tkap 'kq: dj
ldrk gSA tkap iwjh g¨us d¢ ckn ;fn dksbZ ekeyk curk gS r¨ tu y¨diky
;k tu yksdk;qDr U;k;ky; esa eq+dnek ntZ djsxkA U;k;ky; d¨ mldh
lquokà vkSj vkns'k ,d lky dh vof/k ds Hkhrj iwjs djus gksaxsA
eq[;ea=h vkSj Á/kkuea=h lesr lHkh eaf=;ksa d¢ ekeys esa fdlh Hkh tkap ;k
eqdnes dks 'kq: djus dh vuqefr tu y¨diky ;k tu yksdk;qDr dh iw.kZ
ihB ¼X;kjg lnL;h;½ dks nsuh gksxhA
Á/kkuea=h dks NksM+ dj vU; eaf=;ksa ds laca/k esa ;fn dksbZ ekeyk curk gS r¨
tu y¨diky ;k tu yksdk;qDr dh ihB] jkT;iky ;k jk"Vªifr d¨ ,sls
ea=h d¨ gVkus dh flQkfj'k djsxh A
x)
u©dj'kkg
tu y¨diky ;k rks [kqn ls ;k fdlh f'kdk;r ij fdlh Hkh u©dj'kkg d¢
f[kykQ tkap dh 'kq:vkr dj ldrk gSA tkap d¢ iwjs gksus ds ckn ;fn
ekeyk curk gS r¨ tu y¨diky ;k y¨dk;qDr U;k;ky; esa eqdnek ntZ dj
ldrk gSA U;k;ky; dks 1 o"kZ ds vanj bldk QSlyk djuk gksxk
u©dj'kkg¨a d¢ ekeyksa esa] tkap iwjh g¨us d¢ ckn ;fn dksbZ ekeyk curk gS r¨
tu y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr ds ikl foHkkxh; naM (
iSuYVh)
ds
lkFk&lkFk c[kkZLrxh dh flQkfj'k djus dh 'kfDr g¨xhA ,slh flQkfj'ksa
ljdkj ds fy, ck/;dkjh g¨xhA gkykafd] ,slh flQkfj'ksa nsus ls igys
laHkkoukvksa dh iz/kkurk ds vk/kkj ij izek.kksa dh tkap dh tk,xhA ;fn
vkj¨ih la;qDr lfpo ;k mlls mPp in ij vklhu gS r¨ ,slk naM tu
y¨diky ;k tu y¨dk;qDr dh ihB }kjk lHkh i{kksa dh lquokbZ ds ckn
yxk;k tk,xkA ckfd;ksa ds fy,] ,sls naM y¨diky ;k yksdk;qDr d¢ mPp
vf/kdkfj;¨a dh ihB ds }kjk yxk, tk;saxsA bu vkns'kksa d¢ f[kykQ mPp
U;k;ky; esa vihy dh tk ld¢xhA

js[kkfp= }kjk tu y¨diky ;k tu yksdk;qDr esa Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ fo#)
f'kdk;r¨a ds fuokj.k dk fu:i.k
d¨Ã Hkh ukxfjd tu
y¨diky ;k tu
y¨dk;qDr d¢ fdlh Hkh
dk;kZy; esa f'kdk;r
dj ldrk gS

foHkkxh; dk;Zokgh

vkijkf/kd
dk;Zokgh

lacaf/kr dk;kZy; tkap dk
dks ikap fnuksa ds
dk;Z ,d
vanj gLrkarfjr
o“kZ d¢
Hkhrj iwjk
dj fy;k
tk,xk

yksdiky dh casp }kjk la;qDr
lfpo ;k mlls mPp
vf/kdkfj;ksa dh lquokbZ rFkk
yksdiky ds mPp vf/kdkfj;ksa
}kjk vU; yksxksa dh lquokbZ

dksVZ esa
eqdnek pyk;k
tk,xk

;fn ekeyk et+cwr g¨ r¨
vkj¨ih ;k mlls laEcf/kr
O;fDr d¢ laifRr d¢
gLrkarj.k ij j¨d

;fn nks"k
lkfcr
gksrk gS rks

1 lky ds vanj&
vanj dksVZ dk
fu.kZ;

;fn
vkijkf/kd
laHkkouk,a
dkQh
vf/kd gSa

foHkkxh;
iSuYVh ds
lkFk&lkFk
c[kkZLrxhA

Tksy dh
lt+k]
uqdlku dh
HkjikbZ vkSj
ukSdjh ls
c[kkZLrxhA

Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vokt+ mBkus okyksa
¼fOg~ly Cy¨vj½ dk laj{k.k

tu yksdiky fcy esa ÁLrkfor O;oLFkk
tu y¨diky ,d Lora=laLFkk g¨us d¢ ukrs Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus
okys O;fDr d¨ fdlh Hkh gkfu ls laj{k.k fnykus d¢ fy, l{ke rFkk mRrjnk;h
g¨xk vkSj lkFk gh bu ekeyksa esa tkap rFkk eqdnesa dk vkns'k nsxh A ;fn tu
y¨diky d¢ vf/kdkjh Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt mBkus okys O;fDr d¨ i;kZIr
laj{k.k fnykus esa ukdke;kc gksrk gS vkSj O;fDr dks okdbZ esa dksbZ gkfu igaqprh
gS]S r¨ ,sls vf/kdkjh d¢ fo#) vkijkf/kd dk;Zokgh dh tk,xh (
;fn mlds ikl
[kqn dks csdlwj lkfcr djus ds fy, i;kZIr dkj.k ugha gS)
A
Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys O;fDr LFkkuh; lrdZrk (
foftysal)
vf/kdkjh ;k tu yksdiky ds v/;{k ;k lnL;ksa ls lqj{kk dh ekax dj ldrk gSA
bUgsa ekeys dh xaHkhjrk dks ns[krs gq, fuf'pr le; lhek esa dk;Zokgh djuh
gksxhA Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys O;fDr d¢ ikl tu y¨diky d¢
lnL;ksa ls O;fDrxr rkSj ij feyus ;k ohfM;¨ dkWUÝsaflax ds }kjk ckr djus dk
vf/kdkj g¨xk (
;fn og Lo;a tu yksdiky Hkou rd tkus esa vleFkZ gSa)
Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys O;fDr dk ;fn ekufld mRihM+u gksrk gS
rks tu yksdiky f'kdk;rdrkZ ,d eghus d¢ vanj vko';d lqj{kk fnyk,xkA
'kkjhfjd gkfu dk Hk; g¨us ij] tu y¨diky Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus
okys O;fDr dh f'kdk;r ntZ djkus ds dqN gh ?kaV¨a esa ;k vf/kd ls vf/kd ,d
lIrkg d¢ Hkhrj ekeys dh xaHkhjrk dks /;ku esa j[kdj vfuok;Z lqj{kk eqgS;k
djk,xk A ;fn 'kkjhfjd uqdlku igys gh g¨ pqdk gS r¨ tu y¨diky f'kdk;r
ntZ djkus ds 24 ?kaVs d¢ Hkhrj gh vkxs gksus okys fdlh vkSj uqdlku ls laj{k.k
fnyk;sxkA lkFk gh tu y¨diky iqfyl d¨ uqdlku igqapkus okyss d¢ f[kykQ
vkijkf/kd eqdnek ntZ djus dk vkns'k Hkh nsxkA
vxj Hkz"Vkpkj ds f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkus okys fdlh O;fDr d¢ f[kykQ
izkf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk d¨Ã >wBk ekeyk ntZ gqvk gks rks tu y¨diky ,sls ekeys dh
okilh Hkh lqfuf'pr djsxkA

>wBh vkSj Hkzfer djus okyh f'kdk;r¨a ds f[kykQ lqj{kk

leL;k D;k gS \
;fn d¨Ã O;fDr Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ f[kykQ vkokt+ mBkrk gS r¨ ,slh d¨Ã laLFkk
ugha gS t¨ mls fo'oLkuh; rFkk ÁHkko'kkyh laj{k.k Ánku dj Lkd¢A og d¢oy
iqfyl d¢ ikl tk ldrk gSA vkerkSj ij iqfyl mUgha y¨x¨a d¢ fu;a=.k esa g¨rh gS
t¨ [kqn Hkz"V gSaA felky d¢ rkSj ij] ;fn d¨Ã LFkkuh; lkaln ;k fo/kk;d y¨x¨a
dk mRihM+u djrk gS r¨ ,sls eas iqfyl dqN ugha djrhA

>wBh f'kdk;r % vxj dksbZ O;fDr fcuk fdlh vk/kkj d¢ fdlh vU; d¨ ijs'kku
djus dh ea'kk ls f'kdk;r djrk gS r¨ f'kdk;rdrkZ ij tu yksdiky dh vksj ls
vkÆFkd naM yxk;k tk,xkA gkykafd] det+¨j lcwr¨a d¢ g¨us fd fLFkfr esa
f'kdk;rdrkZ d¨ nafMr ugha fd;k tk,xkA

17

18

tu y¨diky ;k yksdk;qDr d¢ v/;{k ;k fdlh lnL; d¢ f[kykQ >wBh
f'kdk;r % ;fn dksbZ f'kdk;r fcuk fdlh vk/kkj ds v/;{k ;k fdlh lnL; dks
ijs'kku djus dh ea'kk ls dh tkrh gS rks lo¨ZPp U;k;ky; ;k mPp U;k;ky; ,sls
f'kdk;rdrkZ d¢ f[kykQ vkÆFkd naM yxk ldrs gaS rFkk tsy dh lt+k Hkh ns
ldrs gSaA

tu y¨diky vf/kfu;e ds ckjs esa ckj&ckj
iwNs tkus okys iz'u
d½ D;k y¨diky fujadq'k g¨ tk,xk \
,d Hkzkafr QSykà tk jgh gS fd izLrkfor tu y¨diky fujadq'k g¨ tk,xk rFkk
y¨drkaf=d laLFkkv¨a d¢ fy, [krjk cu tk,xkA ;g fcydqy xyr gSA vkb,
ns[krs gSa fd tu y¨diky vf/kfu;e esa D;k ÁLrkfor gS &
1½ jktusrkv¨a] U;k;k/kh'k¨a rFkk u©dj'kkg d¢ f[kykQ tu y¨diky Hkz"Vkpkj ls
lacaf/kr ekey¨a dh tkap djsxk rFkk nks"kh ikus ij U;k;ky; esa ekeyk ntZ
djsxkA lquokà ;k lt+k dk vf/kdkj d¢oy U;k;ky; d¢ ikl g¨xkA y¨diky d¢
ikl lt+k nsus dh d¨Ã 'kfDr ugha g¨xhA
2½ ij] u©dj'kkg¨a d¢ ekeys esa] ;fn tkap ds ckn vf/kdkjh dks nks"kh ik;k tkrk gS
rks tu yksdiky ds ikl foHkkxh; naM nsus lesr c[kkZLr djus dh 'kfDr g¨xhA
la;qDr lfpo vkSj mlls Åij ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ds ekeys esa lHkh lacaf/kr i{kksa dh
lquokbZ ds ckn tu yksdiky ds lnL;ksa dh ,d ihB bl izdkj dk naM ns
ldsxhA vxj vkjksih la;qDr lfpo ;k mlls fupys Lrj dk gks rks ml ekeys esa
lquokbZ tu yksdiky ds ofj"B vf/kdkfj;ksa dh ,d ihB }kjk dh tk,xhA tu
yksdiky ds bu vkns'kksa ds f[kykQ mPp U;k;ky; esa ;kfpdk nkf[ky dh tk
ldsxhA ;g O;oLFkk orZeku O;oLFkk ls dkQh csgrj gS] ftlesa vkj¨ih rFkk
mud¢ fe= gh vius f[kykQ tkap djus ,oa lt+k fu/kkZfjr djus d¢ fy,
mRrjnk;h g¨rs gSaA orZeku esa] mlh foHkkx d¢ vf/kdkfj;¨a }kjk tkap dh tkrh gS
¼vdlj dfu"B vf/kdkjh vius mPpkf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ tkap djrs gSaA½ rFkk
lt+k dk fu/kkZj.k mlh foHkkx ;k ea=ky; d¢ vf/kdkjh }kjk fd;k tkrk gS v©j
muds f[kykQ vihy Hkh mlh foHkkx ;k ea=ky; d¢ fdlh vf/kdkjh d¢ ikl dh
tkrh gSA pwafd vkj¨ih vf/kdkjh mlh foHkkx @ ea=ky; ls lacaf/kr g¨rk gS
blfy, og vius lgdÆe;¨a] lkfFk;¨a rFkk ekrgr¨a d¨ ÁHkkfor djus esa dke;kc
g¨ tkrk gSA T+;knkrj ekey¨a esa dk;Zokgh djus okys vf/kdkjh Hkh Hkz"Vkpkj esa
fyIr gksrs gSA
19

orZeku O¸oLFkk esa] bl iwjh izfdz;k esa turk ;k f'kdk;rdrkZ dqN dg gh ugha
ikrsA xSj&Ãekunkj tkap d¢ ckn Hkz"V vf/kdkfj;¨a d¨ N¨M+ fn;k tkrk gSA tu
y¨diky fcy d¢ rgr f'kdk;r djus okys d¨ eq[; xokg ekuk tk,xk rFkk mls
lquokà dk e©dk fn, fcuk] ekeys d¨ can ugha fd;k tk,xkA
bl Ádkj ÁLrkfor O¸koLFkk igys ds eqdkcys dkQh fu"i{k] ikjn'kÊ rFkk
tokcnsg gSA
[k½ D;k tu f'kdk;rksa d¨ y¨diky dh ifjf/k esa ykuk pkfg, \D;k blls
y¨diky dk dk;ZHkkj vR;kf/kd c<+us ds dkj.k yksdiky O;oLFkk pjejk
tk,xh \
tu yksdiky fcy esa izLrkfor f'kdk;r fuokj.k O;oLFkk ds rgr dksbZ Hkh
f'kdk;r lh/ks tu yksdiky ds lnL;ksa rd ugha igqapsxhA tc fdlh foHkkx ds
izeq[k lesr lacaf/kr vf/kdkjh fdlh ukxfjd dh f'kdk;r dk fuLrkj.k djus esa
vlQy gksaxs] rc ;s f'kdk;r tu yksdiky ds lrdZrk vf/kdkjh rd igaqpsxhA
lrdZrk vf/kdkjh f'kdk;r dk gy fudkyus ds vykok foHkkx ds izeq[k lesr
lacaf/kr vf/kdkfj;ksa dks nafMr Hkh djsxkA ;g mEehn gS fd ;g O;oLFkk naM ds
Mj ls foHkkxksa ds izeq[k viuh O;oLFkk dks etcwr djuk 'kq: dj nsaxsA lkFk gh]
izR;sd foHkkx dks vius&vius ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= rS;kj djus gksaxsA os igys
[kqn bl ckr dk vankt+k yxk,axs fd mUgsa vius ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= esa D;k
j[kuk gS ftlls os viuh izfrc)rk dks iq[rk dj ldsaA gkykafd] ;g ekuk tk
jgk gS fd lHkh foHkkx ,d gh lky ds Hkhrj lkoZtfud dkeksa ls tqM+s ekeyksa dks
vius ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= esa yk,axsA
;g Hkh vk'kadk trkbZ tk jgh gS fd tu yksdiky ds ikl f'kdk;rksa dk vEckj
yx tk,xk vkSj dke BIi gks tk,xkA ;g vk'kadk lgh ugha gS D;ksafd flQZ mUgha
f'kdk;rksa dks Lohdkj fd;k tk,xk tks ukxfjd vf/kdkj i= ds mYya?ku ls
lacaf/kr gksaxhA ,d ckj ds fy, vxj ge eku Hkh ysa fd fdlh foHkkx ds f[kykQ
yk[kksa f'kdk;rsa vk tkrh gSa rks Hkh tu yksdiky dh O;oLFkk BIi ugha gks,xhA
buls dsoy dqN txgksa ds dqN foHkkxksa ds lrdZrk vf/kdkfj;ksa dk dke #d
ldrk gSA ,sls esa ;fn tu yksdiky ;g eglwl djrk gS fd vf/kd lrdZrk
vf/kdkfj;ksa dh t:jr gS] rks mlds ikl vkSj lrdZrk vf/kdkfj;ksa dks fu;qDr
djus dh 'kfDr gksxhA

20

ifjf'k”V&1
orZeku Hkz“Vkpkj fuj¨/kh O¸koLFkk dh [kkfe;ka
d¢aæ ljdkj d¢ Lrj ij
dsaæ ljdkj d¢ Lrj ij gekjs ikl d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x] foHkkxh; lrdZrk rFkk
lh-ch-vkbZ gSA d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x rFkk foHkkxh; lrdZrk] Hkz"Vkpkj ls
lacaf/kr ekeyksa dks lrdZrk d¢ lanHkZ ¼vuq'kklukRed dk;Zokgh ½ esa rFkk lh-chvkbZ vkijkf/kd lanHkZ esa] dk;Zokgh djrh gSA
d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x& d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x Hkkjr ljdkj ds lrdZrk laca/kh
ekey¨a ds fy, lo¨ZPp laLFkk gSA
?
bl foHkkx ds ikl cM+s iSekus ij f'kdk;rsa vkrh gSa ysfdu muls fuiVus ds
fy, lhohlh ds ikl lalk/kuksa dk vHkko gSA dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx ,d
cgqr gh NksVh laLFkk gS] ftlds dqy deZpkfj;¨a dh la[;k 200 ls Hkh de
gSA bls d¢aæ ljdkj d¢ 1500 ls Hkh vf/kd foHkkx¨a rFkk ea=ky;¨a ls
laEcf/kr Hkz"Vkpkj d¢ ekey¨a dh tkap djuh g¨rh gS] ftuesa ls dqN foHkkx
vR;kf/kd cMs+ gSa tSls d¢aæh; mRikn] jsy] vk;dj vkfn A
?
bl Ádkj ;g ,d Mkd[kkus dh Hkkafr dke djrs gq, T+;knkrj f'kdk;r¨a
d¨ lacaf/kr lrdZrk 'kk[kkvksa dks Ásf"kr djrk jgrk gSA ;g ÁR;{k :i ls
d¢oy dqN gh ekey¨a esa [kqn tkap djrk gSA mnkgj.k d¢ fy, o"kZ
2009&10 esa bld¨ ÁkIr g¨us okys 1800 ekey¨a esa ls flQZ 11 ekey¨a esa gh
bld¢ }kjk ÁR;{k tkap dh xÃA ckdh ekeys d¢oy vkxs Ásf"kr dj fn,
x;sA
?
d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x (
lhohlh)
ek= ,d lykgdkjh laLFkk gSA d¢aæ
ljdkj ds fdlh Hkh foHkkx dh lrdZrk 'kk[kk igys ekeys dh tkap djrh
gS] mld¢ ckn lt+k d¢ fy, d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x ls lykg ekaxrh gSA
gkykafd] ml foHkkx dk Áeq[k d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x dh flQkfj'k¨a d¨
ekuus ;k uk ekuus fd fy, Lora= gSA mu ekey¨a esa Hkh t¨ bld¢ }kjk
ÁR;{k :i ls tkaps x, gSa] lhohlh ljdkj d¨ d¢oy lykg ns ldrk gSA
ns[kus esa vk;k gS fd fdlh cMs+ vf/kdkjh d¢ Hkz"Vkpkj ls tqM+s gksus d¢
ekey esa ljdkj }kjk ,slh flQkfj'ksa cgqr de gh ekuh xbZ gSaA
?
d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x dk vf/kdkj {ks= u©dj'kkg¨a rd gh lhfer gSA
jktusrk blds {ks= esa ugha vkrsA ;fn fdlh ekeys esa jktusrk Hkh
21

'kkfey g¨a r¨ ;g d¢oy u©dj'kkg dh Hkwfedk ls lacaf/kr ekeys dh
gh tkap djrk gSA
?
foHkkxh; lrdZrk 'kk[kkvksa d¢ Åij bldk d¨Ã ÁR¸k{k fu;a«k.k ugha gS tc
dh ;g vf/kdre f'kdk;rsa mUgsa gh lkSairk gSaA vdlj ns[kk tkrk gS fd
f'kdk;r lkSaius d¢ ckn bls ckj&ckj lacaf/kr foHkkx d¨ ;kn fnykrs jgrk
gS ftUgsa dà ckj ekuk Hkh ugha tkrkA lhohlh d¢ ikl vius vkns'k¨a d¢
vuqikyu djkus dh d¨Ã 'kfDr ugha gSA
?
d¢aæ ljdkj ds foHkkx¨a d¢ lrdZrk 'kk[kkvksa ij dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx dk
d¨Ã Á'kklfud fu;a=.k ugha gS ftUgsa ;g Hkz"Vkpkj dh f'kdk;rsa lkSairk
gSA ;|fi ljdkj fofHkUu foHkkx¨a d¢ eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkfj;¨a dh
fu;qfDr djrs le; dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksxksa dh lykg ysrh gS fdarq vafre
fu.kZ; ljdkj }kjk gh fy;k tkrk gSA lkFk gh eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkjh ls
uhps d¢ vf/kdkfj;¨a dh fu;qfDr @ rcknys ml foHkkx d¢ Áeq[k }kjk fd,
tkrs gSaA
?
dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx dh fu;qfDr;ka ÁR;{k :i ls ljdkj d¢ fu;a=.k esa
g¨rh gSaA ;g fu;qfDr;ka fooknkLin ,oa xSj&ikjn'kÊ g¨rh gSaA
?
lhohlh vf/kfu;e d¢aæh; lrdZrk vk;¨x d¨ lhchvkbZ d¢ i;Zos{k.k dk
(
lqijokbt+ djus dk)
vf/kdkj nsrk gSA ijarq ;g vf/kdkj csekuh gSA
dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx d¢ ikl fdlh Hkh ekeys esa lhchvkbZ ls d¨Ã
nLrkost+ ekaxus ;k fdlh fo'ks"k rjhd¢ ls tkap djokus dh 'kfDr ugha gSA
blds vykok lhchvkbZ dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx (
lhohlh)
ds ctk;
lsohoxhZ; ,oa izf'k{k.k foHkkx (
MhvksihVh)
ds iz'kklfud fu;a=.k esa
vkrk gSA
?
bl Ádkj dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx vis{kkÑr :i ls ,d Lora= laLFkk gS
fQj Hkh bld¢ ikl u r¨ lalk/ku gS v©j u 'kfDr;ka] ftlls ;g tkap ;k
dk;Zokgh dj ld¢A dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx d¢oy ,d fn[kkok ek= cu
dj jg x;k gSA
foHkkxh; lrdZrk 'kk[kk& ÁR;sd foHkkx esa ,d lrdZrk 'kk[kk g¨rh gS
ftlesa mlh foHkkx d¢ vf/kdkjh g¨rs gSa ¼dqN ckgjh yksxksa d¨ N¨M+ dj
tSls eq[; lrdZrk vf/kdkjh)
A gkykafd] mlds vanj dke djus okys lHkh
vf/kdkjh mlh foHkkx ds gksrs gSA
22

rjg ÁkFkfedh ntZ djus dh rFkk tkap djus dh 'kfDr g¨rh gSA ;g d¢aæ
ljdkj ls lacaf/kr fdlh Hkh foHkkx esa Lor% ;k fdlh jkT; ljdkj ;k
U;k;ky; d¢ funsZ'k ij tkap dj ldrh gSA

?
pawfd foHkkx ds lrdZrk 'kk[kk d¢ lHkh vf/kdkjh mlh foHkkx ls g¨rs gSa] r¨
mUgsa fdlh Hkh le; mlh foHkkx esa fdlh vU; in ij Hkh Hkst fn;k tkrk
gSA ,sls esa mud¢ }kjk vius gh lgdÆe;¨a ;k mPp vf/kdkfj;¨a d¢ f[kykQ
tkap djuk vlaHko g¨ tkrk gSA ;fn fdlh mPp vf/kdkjh d¢ f[kykQ
f'kdk;r ÁkIr g¨rh gS r¨ ,slk vf/kdkjh (
ftldks ckn esa] gks ldrk gS fd
mlh vkj¨ih vf/kdkjh d¢ uhps dke djuk iM+s)
mld¢ f[kykQ izHkkoh
tkap ugh djrkA dkQh ckj ,slk Hkh gksrk gS fd lrdZrk vf/kdkjh
vkjksih vf/kdkjh ds uhps dke dj jgk gksrk gSA ,sls esa bZekunkj tkap
djuk rks yxHkx vlaHko gh gSA

?
lhchvkbZ ÁR;{k :i ls d¢aæ ljdkj d¢ v/khu dke djrh gSA lhchvkbZ d¢
funs'kd vkSj vU; lHkh vf/kdkjh d¢aæ ljdkj }kjk lh/ks fu;qDr fd, tkrs
gSaA

?
dqN foHkkx¨a esa lrdZrk vf/kdkjh vU; dk;¨± d¨ Hkh ns[krs gaSA bldk
eryc gS fd mls lrdZrk dk vfrfjDr ÁHkkj fn;k x;k g¨rk gSA ,sls esa
;fn d¨Ã ukxfjd f'kdk;r djrk gS r¨ laHko gS fd ml vf/kdkjh d¨
vius vki d¢ f[kykQ gh tkap djuh iM+rh gSA ;fn ,slh f'kdk;r
foHkkx Áeq[k ;k lhohlh d¨ Hkh dh tkrh gS r¨ Hkh og var esa mlh
vf/kdkjh d¨ lkSai nh tkrh gSA ,sls lSdM+ksa 'keZukd mnkgj.k gSaA

?
vxj Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeys esa la;qDr lfpo ;k mlds Åij ds Lrj ds
vf/kdkjh 'kkfey gksa rks lhchvkbZ d¨ tkap 'kq: djus ls igys ljdkj ls
vuqefr ysuh iM+rh gSA eqdnek pykus ds fy, Hkh bls ljdkj ls vuqefr
ysuh gksrh gSA dkQh ckj ftu vf/kdkfj;¨a d¨ ,slh vuqefr nsuh g¨rh gS os
;k r¨ Lo;a ,sls ekey¨a es fyIr g¨rs gSa ;k buesa lafyIr fdlh jktuSfrd
O;fDr d¢ ÁHkko esa g¨rs gSaA

?
lrdZrk foHkkx ls tqM+s T;knkrj vf/kdkjh igys ls gh Hkz"V gksrs gSaA
lrdZrk foHkkx esa jgrs gq, og vius f[kykQ yxs lHkh ekey¨a ij
yhik&i¨rh fd d¨f'k'k djrs gSaA bl Ádkj os lrdZrk foHkkx d¨
Hkz"Vkpkj dk x<+ cuk nsrs gSa tgka iSlk ysdj ekeys can fd, tkrs gSaA

?
fdlh ekeys dh tkap iwjh g¨ tkus d¢ ckn lhchvkbZ }kjk U;k;ky; esa
ekeyk ntZ djkus ds fy, odhy dkuwUk ea=ky; }kjk fu;qDr fd;k tkrk
gSA ,sls esa ;fn fdlh ekeys esa d¨Ã ea=h Qalk gqvk gS r¨ dkuwu ea=ky;
,slk odhy pqurk gS ftldk iz;kl nks"kh dks lt+k fnykus dh ctk;
ekeys dks gh [kre djk nsuk gksrk gSA

?
foHkkxh; lrdZrk 'kk[kk fdlh Hkh ekeys d¢ vkijkf/kd igyw dh tkap ugha
djrh v©j u gh bls ÁkFkfedh ¼,Q-vkbZ-vkj½ ntZ djus dh 'kfDr g¨rh
gSA
?
buds ikl jktusrkv¨a d¢ f[kykQ Hkh d¨Ã 'kfDr ugha g¨rhA
?
pwafd lrdZrk foHkkx ml foHkkx d¢ Áeq[k }kjk fu;af=r g¨rk gS] blfy,
bld¢ }kjk mlh foHkkx ds mPp vf/kdkfj;¨a d¢ f[kykQ tkap dj ikuk
vlaHko g¨rk gSA
?
bl Ádkj T;knkrj le; fdlh Hkh foHkkx dh lrdZrk 'kk[kk f'kdk;rksa
dh d¢oy yhik&i¨rh dj jgk g¨rk gS ;k dqN pqus gq, vQljksa ds
f[kykQ gh tkap djrk gSA
dsanzh; vUos"k.k C;wjks (
lh-ch-vkbZ)
& lhchvkbZ d¢ ikl iqfyl Fkkus dh
23

?
lhchvkbZ ds Åij T+;knk dke gksus d¢ dkj.k oks ekeys Hkh Lohdkj ugha
djrh ftuesa yxHkx ,d dj¨M+ dk ?kiyk gqvk g¨A

?
vr% ;fn d¨Ã f'kdk;r fdlh ea=h] jktusrk ;k ukSdj'kkg ls lacaf/kr
gksrh gS t¨ lRrk:<+ dk fgLlk gks rks ,sls ekeyka esa lhchvkbZ }kjk lgh
tkap dj ikuk vlaHko g¨rk gSA ,sls esa lhchvkbZ ekeys dh yhik&iksrh esa
tqV tkrh gSA
?
iqu%] lhchvkbZ d¢ ljdkj d¢ v/khu g¨us d¢ dkj.k] bldk bLrseky foi{kh
jktusrkv¨a ls l©nsckt+h d¢ fy, fd;k tkrk gSA
var%] ;fn ,d ukxfjd fdlh jktusrk ;k dsanz ljdkj ds fdlh vQlj ds
Hkz"Vkpkj dh f'kdk;r djuk pkgrk gS rks dksbZ Hkh ,d ,slh Hkz"Vkpkj
fujks/kh ,tsalh ugha gS tks ljdkj ls eqDr gksa vkSj izHkko'kkyh gksA
lhchvkbZ ds ikl 'kfDr gS ysfdu Lora= ugha gSA dsanzh; lrdZrk vk;ksx
Lora= gS ysfdu u rks mlds ikl 'kfDr gS u gh lalk/kuA

jkT; Lrj ij
24

gekjs ikl Bhd ,slh gh O;oLFkk jkT; Lrj ij Hkh gSaA lHkh lrdZrk
,tsafl;ka (
tSls jkT; lrdZrk foHkkx] foHkkxksa dh lrdZrk 'kk[kk)
vkSj
Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh ,tsafl;ka (
tSls jkT; iqfyl dh Hkz"Vkpkj fujks/kh 'kk[kk]
lhvkbZMh vkfn)
lh/ks&lh/ks jkT; ljdkj ds fu;a=.k esa dke djrh gSa vkSj
blfy, vius jktuhfrd ekfydksa ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj dh tkap izHkkoh
rjhds ls ugha dj ikrhA lkFk gh] dqN gh jkT;ksa esa yksdk;qDr cuk, x,
gSaA
yksdk;qDr%
?
yksdk;qDr Lor% tkap 'kq: ugha dj ldrkA mls fu/kkZfjr Lrj ds Åij ds
vf/kdkfj;ksa ds f[kykQ tkap 'kq: djus ls igys jkT; ljdkj ls vuqefr
ysuh iM+rh gSA
?
dqN jkT;ksa esa] tu yksdk;qDr dks dsoy jktusrkvksa ds f[kykQ 'kfDr nh
xbZ gSA ;gka ukSdj'kkgksa ds f[kykQ Hkz"Vkpkj ds ekeyksa lrdZrk foHkkx
ns[krs gSaA bl izdkj dk foHkktu tkap izfdz;k dks uqdlku igqapkrk gSA
tc fdlh ,d ekeys esa ftlesa jktusrk vkSj ukSdj'kkg nksuksa 'kkfey gksrs
gSa(
tks fd vkerkSj ij ns[kus dks feyrk gS)
] yksdk;qDr vkSj lrdZrk
foHkkx nksuksa gh dfBukbZ eglwl djrs gSA
?
yksdk;qDr dsoy ,d lykgdkj dh Hkwfedk fuHkkrk gSA mls izR;{k :Ik ls
eqdnek djus dh 'kfDr ugha gSA os ljdkj dks flQkfj'k Hkst ldrs gSa
ftldk ekuuk ;k u ekuuk ljdkj ds gkFk esa gksrk gSA
?
buds ikl Hkkjh ek=k esa tks f'kdk;rsa feyrh gS mudh tkap ds fy, i;kZIr
lalk/ku ugha gksrsA
?
yksdk;qDr dh fu;qfDr jkT; ljdkj }kjk fooknkLin ,oa xSj&ikjn'kÊ
rjhds ls dh tkrh gSA dqN jkT;ksa esa budh Lora=rk ij Hkh loky mBs gSaA

25

ifjf'k"V & 2
Government denied permission to register case
against top NHAI officer
Indian Express 18th Nov 2010
The Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), under Kamal Nath,
has refused the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) sanction to initiate an inquiry
against a top official of the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) in connection
with a corruption case registered six months ago in which two top NHAI officials were
arrested.
CBI officials said the denial of sanction came early this month after it sent several
reminders to the Ministry and to the Cabinet Secretary underlining that it was Union
Minister Kamal Nath who was the “competent authority” to take a final decision in the
matter.
Sources have confirmed to The Indian Express that the CBI, after seeking legal
advice, has now written to Cabinet Secretary K M Chandrasekhar asking him to
transfer out S I Patel, an Additional Secretary-level officer who is now posted as
Member (Projects) in the NHAI.
The Cabinet Secretary is understood to have scheduled a review meeting with CBI
officials later this week.
The case in question is a controversial award of contract in the 120-km NagpurBetul Highway (NH 69) to a Delhi-based private firm, Oriental Structural Engineers
Pvt Ltd (OSEPL). The contract value, over an 18-year period, is Rs 10,800 crore,
and the CBI has alleged several irregularities in the manner in which it was awarded.
It was in May this year that the CBI registered a case after it received complaints
from among the 12 other bidders and put telephones of NHAI and OSEPL under
surveillance. Cash totaling Rs 1.86 crore was recovered by the CBI from NHAI
officials during searches.
The CBI called it a case of criminal conspiracy and corruption in which while
awarding a contract, the NHAI had tried to “eliminate all possible contenders on one
pretext or another and favoured the accused company ensuring huge financial gain
to it.”
Those arrested were a Chief General Manager and General Manager of the NHAI
and two top OSEPL bosses, including its managing director. An analysis of the
evidence including telephone transcripts of conversations between the two camps
and emails exchanged between NHAI and OSEPL officials led the CBI to seek
sanction to investigate Member (Projects) Patel too.
Significantly, Patel was able to stay out of the country he sought several extensions
of his leave all throughout the 60-day remand period of the arrested officials and
returned to NHAI only after they secured bail since the CBI failed to file a
chargesheet.
The CBI version is that Patel's evidence is vital to link pieces of evidence in the case
and, therefore, its urgent reminders for immediate grant of sanction.
When contacted today, NHAI chairman Brajeshwar Singh told The Indian Express
that he wasn't aware of the final outcome of the CBI's request for sanction since it
was being handled by the Ministry.

26

“The Ministry had asked us for comments and we gave them what was on our files. I
am not aware of the nature of evidence with the CBI since they are not expected to
share it with us,” he said. “Yes, the CBI recovered huge sums of money from two
NHAI officials but again I am not aware if they were able to establish a nexus
between the officers and the contract.”
Despite senior NHAI officials being arrested and OSEPL being made the “accused”
private beneficiary, the NHAI went ahead and signed the concessional agreement
the final contractual procedure with the same company. This was done in end
August, three months after the arrests and searches. When asked about this, NHAI
chief Singh said: “Technically, the contract was awarded before the CBI action.
Nobody, including the CBI, had asked us to cancel the concessional agreement. Its
signing was a mere formality.”

Coal Ministry sits on CBI requests to prosecute
Coal India top officer
Indian Express 7th March 2011
The Coal Ministry is sitting on at least three requests by the CBI during the past year
to initiate prosecution proceedings against S C Garg, the Chairman and Managing
Director of Western Coalfields Ltd, a subsidiary of state-owned monopoly Coal
India Ltd. Garg is one of the two contenders for the post of Coal India CMD.
The investigating agency first wrote to the ministry on March 18, 2010, seeking
permission to register a case of “grave misconduct” against Garg. As WCL CMD,
Garg was accused of showing undue favours to Shri Sai Constructions, which was
awarded a Rs 13.5 crore contract for building the Motaghat Nala. It allegedly forged
bank guarantee papers to execute the works, but Garg didn't take serious action to
penalise the firm.
“The CMD of WCL is a Joint Secretary-level officer. Hence approval under Section
6A of the DSPE Act is required for carrying out an inquiry into the said allegations,”
the CBI wrote in its letter to the ministry, a copy of which is with The Indian Express.
But the ministry did not respond.
According to CIL sources, while Garg constituted a committee on September 9,
2008, to ascertain if Shri Sai Constructions could be banned and penalties imposed
on it, he did little to implement its recommendations. The panel had recommended
banning the firm “with immediate effect” and also forfeiting the balance payment of
Rs 92,23,154 against the work executed. It had also suggested recovery of over Rs
16 lakh from it for forging bank guarantees.
Denying that he was responsible for the Motaghat Nala contract, Garg says the
charges were an attempt to malign him as he was set to become CIL CMD. “The CBI
has jumped midway without collecting fact or waiting for the outcome of the
deliberations of the Board, which is the competent authority for giving any decision
involving such expenditure (of about Rs 14 crore). I, as the MD can only decide on
cases involving expenditure of up to Rs 10 crore. The Motaghat Nala contract was
given before I became CMD of WCL, and I was apprised of it in July 2008. So how
am I responsible?”
He said they had realised that Shri Sai Constructions had provided a fake bank
guarantee (Rs 2.24 crore), following which they had filed an FIR, forfeited their
gurantee and also charged Rs 17,00,000 as interest. “I also solicited the advice of
the Additional Solicitor General. The matter is with the board and a case is on
against the company.”

27

After the ministry didn't get back on its March 2010 letter, then CBI Director Ashwini
Kumar wrote another letter to the Coal Ministry on June 10, seeking approval to
prosecute Garg for “criminal misconduct”. “...so far, no action has been taken and
Garg continues to enjoy his posting”, the CBI said in its second letter. However, the
ministry chose to ignore this too.
Six months later, on December 3, the CBI again reminded the ministry about its
request and said that one of its Joint Director-level officers “himself had come and
handed over the request for permission for registration of the case against Garg”.
After Partha S Bhattarcharya retired as CIL CMD recently, Garg and T K Lahiry,
CMD of Bharat Coking Coal Ltd, also a subsidiary of CIL, were shortlisted by the
Public Enterprises Selection Board for the coveted job.
When contacted, Coal Minister Sriprakash Jaiswal said: “We are looking into it. The
law will take its own course.” He added that his ministry was waiting for the final
report of the Central Vigilance Commission on Garg's candidature for becoming CIL
chief.
Incidentally, the CVC too had written a letter to the ministry on November 11 last
year, endorsing the CBI's request for proceeding against Garg and asking the
ministry to expressly get back to the agency on whether it was allowing prosecution,
and if not, to convey the reasons for refusal.

CBI cannot act against Railway scam accused
Asian Age 21st July 2010
The Central Bureau of Investigation sleuths probing the Railway
Recruitment Board scam couldn't make much headway in the case of
Mumbai RRB chief Mr S. M. Sharma thanks to a provision in the Delhi
Special Police Establishment Act which makes government sanction
mandatory before registering an FIR against an officer of the rank of
joint-secretary or above under the Prevention of Corruption Act.
Though the CBI allegedly found incriminating evidence against Mr
Sharma, they couldn't register an FIR against him due to Section 6A of
the DSPE Act as Mr Sharma is an officer of the joint-secretary rank.
On June 17, the CBI had written to the Centre seeking permission for
initiating investigation against Mr Sharma after the arrest of his son Mr
Vivek Bhardwaja. Sources in the Central Bureau of Investigation said
that the agency is still awaiting the Centre's nod and this delay in
obtaining permission is having a negative impact on the investigations
as in several cases the accused get enough time to manipulate various
aspects of the case.
A Central Bureau of Investigation official said, “Earlier, in several cases
the accused tried to seek a discharge from the case on technical
grounds by raising the issue that the mandatory provision of Section 6A
was not complied by the CBI.”
Section 6A was inserted in 2003 with an intention of safeguarding public
servants against mala fide and unwarranted investigations.

28

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