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Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Modern Mathematics
A collection of 50 very important formulae for Quantitative Ability Section of CAT from the pioneers of online CAT training
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For two numbers a and b,
3. Percentage Change
For two successive changes of a% and b%,
Amount = Principal + Interest © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved. 1
P = Original population. = Compound Annual Growth Rate] 8. R.5. G. P’ = final value after n years. G. A. S. A. = Simple Annual Growth Rate. Ltd. A. A. Growth Absolute Growth = Final Value – Initial Value [Here. All rights reserved. Profit and Loss Profit = SP − CP Loss = CP − SP © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Depreciation Formula [Here. 2 . P’ = population after n years. R. r% = rate of annual change] 6. P = original value. G. = Average Annual Growth Rate and C. Population Formula [Here. R. r% = rate of annual depreciation] 7.
False Weights If an item is claimed to be sold at cost price. using false weights. x are bought and articles worth Rs. Ratios If a : b = c : d. Discount Discount = Marked Price − Selling Price Buy x and Get y Free If articles worth Rs.9. then the discount is equal to y and discount percentage is given by Successive Discounts When a discount of a% is followed by another discount of b%. then the overall percentage profit is given by 10. then for a positive quantity x. Ltd. © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. then a : b = c : d = (a + c) : (b + d) If a < b. 3 . y are obtained free along with x articles. then 11. All rights reserved.
4 . © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Successive Replacement Where x is the original quantity. y is the quantity that is replaced and n is the number of times the replacement process is carried out. 12. Ltd. then for a positive quantity x. Proportions 13.If a > b. All rights reserved.
14. then average speed is given by harmonic mean of two speeds: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Alligation Rule The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. Speed and Distance Important Conversion Factors: 16. Average Speed If the distance is constant. Ltd. All rights reserved. Alligation Cross: 15. Time. 5 .
F.C. (y − r2) and (z − r3) 20. then average speed is given by arithmetic mean of two speeds: 17. Relative Speed For Trains For Boats and Streams 18. Time and Work 19.C. of (x − r1). respectively. The smallest natural number that is divisible by x. y and z) + r 21. y and z leaving remainders r1. is the H. of (x.C. y and z leaving the same remainder r in each case is the L.M. 6 . All rights reserved. of Fractions © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.M.C. H.If the time is constant.C. r2 and r3.M. Ltd.C. Application of L. Application of H. and L.F. The greatest natural number that will divide x.F.
All rights reserved. Laws of Indices If a and b are non-zero rational numbers and m and n are rational numbers. Properties of Surds 23.22. then © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 7 . Ltd.
Laws of Logarithms 25. 8 . ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given by: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Roots of Quadratic Equation The two roots of the quadratic equation. Ltd. All rights reserved. Binomial Theorem If n is a natural number that is greater than or equal to 2. then according to the binomial theorem: 26.24.
Harmonic Progression © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Algebraic Formulae (a + b) (a − b) = a2 − b2 (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2 (a − b)2 = a2 − 2ab + b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ca (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 (a − b)3 = a3 − 3a2b + 3ab2 − b3 a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 − ab + b2) a3 − b3 = (a − b)(a2 + ab + b2) 28. Ltd. Arithmetic Progression 29. All rights reserved. Geometric Progression 30. 9 .27.
Permutations 34. Factorial n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × (n − 1) × n n! = n × (n − 1)! 33. Combinations Important Properties: © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd. 10 . All rights reserved. Sum of Important Series Sum of first n natural numbers Sum of the squares of the first n natural numbers Sum of the cubes of the first n natural numbers 32.31.
11 . Pythagoras Theorem For right triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Partition Rule Number of ways of distributing n identical things among r persons when each person may get any number of things = 36. All rights reserved.35. Ltd. Probability 37.
12 . Ltd.For acute triangle ABC For obtuse triangle ABC © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved.
Area of Triangle When lengths of the sides are given When lengths of the base and altitude are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 13 .38. Ltd. All rights reserved.
14 . All rights reserved.When lengths of two sides and the included angle are given For Equilateral Triangle © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Ltd.
All rights reserved. 15 . Ltd. then: AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2 + BD2) © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.For Isosceles Triangle 39. Apollonius Theorem If AD is the median.
40. Angle Bisector Theorem If AD is the angle bisector for angle A. 16 . Area of Quadrilateral For Cyclic Quadrilateral If lengths of one diagonal and two offsets are given © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. Ltd. then: 41.
Ltd.If lengths of two diagonals and the included angle are given For Trapezium For Parallelogram © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. All rights reserved. 17 .
All rights reserved.For Rhombus For Rectangle For Square © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. 18 . Ltd.
Area of Regular Hexagon © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Polygons Number of Diagonals The sum of all the interior angles The sum of all the exterior angles 43. Ltd.42. All rights reserved. 19 .
Circle Circumference Area Length of Arc Area of Sector Or. 20 . Ltd. Perimeter of Sector © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.44. All rights reserved.
For a right triangle. H is the length of hypotenuse and © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. B is the length of base.45. Ltd. Ellipse If semi-major axis (OD) = a and semi-minor axis (OA) = b. if P is the length of perpendicular. 21 . Trigonometric Ratios is the angle between base and hypotenuse. Perimeter of the ellipse Area of the ellipse 46. All rights reserved.
A.47.) = Perimeter of base × height Total Surface Area (T. 22 . All rights reserved. + 2 × Area of base Volume (V) = Area of base × height © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. Distance between Points Distance between two points A (x1. y2) is given by 48. Right Prism Lateral Surface Area (L.A.S.S.) = L. Ltd.S.A. y1) and B (x2.
S. = 6a2 Volume (V) = a3 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.Cuboid L.S. All rights reserved. Ltd.S. = 4a2 T. = 2(lh + bh + lb) Volume (V) = lbh Cube L.A.A.A.A.S. 23 . = 2(lh + bh) T.
Ltd.A.S.S.A.S. All rights reserved. Right Pyramid T.S.Cylinder Curved Surface Area (C.A. 24 .A.) = 2πrh T. + Area of base © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt. = L. = 2πrh + 2πr2 Volume (V) = πr2h 49.
A. 25 . = πrl + πr2 Frustum of a cone © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.S.S.Cone C. = πrl T. Ltd. All rights reserved.A.
= 2πr2 T. = 4πr2 T.A.S.S. = 3πr2 © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.A. 26 . Sphere C. = 4πr2 Hemisphere C.A. Ltd.50.A.S.S. All rights reserved.
question selection with Detailed Analysis Reports Personalised help from content experts – Ask a Doubt © 2008 Enabilon Learning Pvt.no installation required EFFECTIVE 16 National Online Mock CATs. Ltd. Instant access to your national percentile Comprehensive study material – 95 lessons with solved examples Detailed solution for every question in the tests and practice exercises Effective instructional strategy for the CAT aspirant.TestFunda. anywhere.Personalised Online CAT preparation EASY Prepare at your own pace – don’t be constrained by the pace of the class Prepare at your convenience – don’t be bothered by unsuitable classroom timings. hectic work schedule Anytime. speed. travel difficulties. on any computer . All rights reserved. 27 email: firstname.lastname@example.org .com phone: 022-666 00 000 website: www. by a team that created international award winning internet-based educational products PERSONALISED Study the concepts YOU need to with Personalised Study Guides Practice the concepts YOU are weak in with Personalised Post-Assessment Tests Improve YOUR accuracy.
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