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IN 30 DAYS THROUGH ENGLISH
The book primarily attempts to introduce those whose mother tongue is not Telugu to learning ofTelugu by the most natural and the simplest method. It adopts the scientific approach, introducing alphabets, words, sentences in that order and application of these in the most common situations of daily life. Situational sentences and conversational sentences selected for the book reflect the maximum possible commonness of Indian languages and Indian culture.
LEARN TELUGU IN 30 DAYS THROUGH ENGLISH Chief Editor Krishna Gopal Vikal Editor : Telug Edition Gouripati Rao & C. Chethuoa eBOOKS DIAMOND .
Delhi-32 IN 30 DAYS THROUGH ENGLISH Phone Fax E-Mail Website Edition Price Printer LEARN TELUGU by Krishna Gopal Vikal/Telugu Edition by Gowripati Rao & c. New Delhi-Ll 0020 : 01141611861 : 011-41611866 : sales@diamondpublication.ISBN-81-288-1188-6 © Publisher Publisher: Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. X-30.com : 2006 : 60/: Adarsh Printers.diamondpublication.com : www.60/- . Okhla Industrial Area. Phase-Il. Shahdara. Chethuna Rs.
Ashok Ramchandra Kelkar Renowned Philologist of India whose advice was the source of inspiration .Dedicated to Dr.
who is the chief editor of this book and he will be assisted by Shri Amitabh Dhingra. We hope this series will bring together the people of various parts of our country promoting mutual understanding and fostering national unity. through the medium of English. Shri Krishna Gopal Vikal. \ We hereby present the first book' Diamond Telugu Learning and Speaking Course'. Format and scheme of all books will be the same as that of this book and each book will be prepared in close consultation with the topmost linguists of the language concerned. we shall be publishing the book-series 'LEARN THE NATIONAL LANGUAGES' to enable people of this country to learn any Indian language other than his mother tongue. Each book of the series will be divided in five parts.A WORD FROM THE PUBLISHER We are glad to announce that with a view to strengthening the unity of our country. The books will be prepared under the able guidance of the well-known author and editor of several books. The first two parts will cover the basic knowledge about the language concerned and the rest will be devoted to conversational aspects and practical application of the language. -Publisher .
FORWORD The greatest sensation of life is to learn a language. thrill and creative urge and he toys with its various forms and tones bringing into play all the creative forces within him. excitement. Situational sentences and conversational sentences selected for the book reflect the maximum possible commonness of Indian languages and Indian culture. One has to closely watch a child going through this experience. Every time he learn a new word or construction from mother. a new language is an essential tool of life. words. father or other relatives. The book primarily attempts to introduce those whose mother tongue is not Telugu to learning of Telugu by the most natural and the simplest method. his heart is filled with wonder. scholars. . To learn a new language is to re-enter this wonderful experience of life. The book can also be helpful to foreigners who are on visit to India as tourists. sentences in that order and application of these in the most common situations of daily life. The purpose is that the learner during the process of learning should be sufficiently equipped to converse and transact with a very vast section of Telugu speaking people throughout India and abroad. in a fast expanding world transcending a~ barriers of colour. opening infinite opportunities for creative action. to be convinced 'of this. religion and language. caste. Besides. introducing alphabets. diplomats and businessmen as it would enable them to move about in different parts of the country transending the language barriers. It adopts the scientific approach.
who has wisely taken special initiative to bring out this very useful series. It will be popular among the youngsters as well as the serious language learner. We also express out gratitute to the persons concerned with proof-reading.We hope the book will serve the purpose. Director of Diamomd Pocket Books. We are grateful to Shri Narendra Kumar.Krishna Gopal Vlkal Amitabh Dhingra Gouripati Rao & C Chethuna . printing and production of the book. .
» 12.CONTENTS PARr-l-ALPHABET 1.rc:» 58 19.~ 15. Errors in Speliings/~6oG PARr-3--CLASSIFIEDSENTENCES 21. Gender/cexs» 9. ~Je. Indeclinab Ie/ . Imperative Sentences/ . Future Tense/~ ~ ~ (1) 61 64 67 tf) 25.»w ~o!~ Z3 28 30 33 35 36 38 42 44 6.. ik'~. Past Tense (1)/~ . o:l"~ How to Write Alphabet 5.~ 16.J>~ oS. Consonants/a4. Pronoun/as .» 10.~ .S<J"OSJoS.sll" 23. Voice/Lo!>~K~ s» (1) (2) 46 48 50 ~~Ql 17. 3.. Vowels & Their Abbreviated 6. Verb/L!~ 14. The Parts of Speech/ol'Bl ~Q~w 8.s ~ 24.. Useful Expressions/o. Alphabet/at. Welcome you all 2. Conjuncts/~oo:5JJ~~ ooS. :>ro 52 54 56 ~.J 13 15 17 21 Forms/<!l>~. Adjective/aaae 13. Case & Declention ofNouns/::l~~w PARr-2-WORDS II. N umber/so <6 oS.»w 7.N"£~ '!f) 22...s~"t6 oN. Present Tense/~. Tense (I)/S"e. Casual Verbs/~~1I" 18. Cardinal Numerals/eesee 20..Jw. Tense (2)/S"e.
. Shopping/a-sex ~o~ ~~ . Craftsmenl~~~ 34. At Home/eeee' 32.>OoO ~C:£Ii"QO ~@c:£o /i".. Health & Hygiene/ . 42. 50.. 40.5'Ii"£~ ~o~ PARr-S--CONVERSATION 41. Weather/ ""«r~C:Sm~ Time/. Hotel & Restaurant/ss'ass 37.5'Ii"£~Cl) ~~ o~Oo6 33. Asking the Way/~ 47. Post Office/TelephonelBank/gc~/~l)tt¥SnJ"£os 38.. 28...l"es~~ .}o~ 144 150 155 Dictionary/~C:Sm Some Important Telugu VerbsJ~ ~@Cl) . Interrogative Interrogative Interrogative S"O~ (2) 72 ~£~Cl) ~£~ ~£~o. 49.. Let Us Talk/~c:£)Cl"~ Between Two Friends/Oj~6.) /i".S~@~~ . 29. 44. Foods & Drinks/ee-es» 35. About A Trip/csj..> 85 PARr-4-SITUATIONALSENTENCFS 31.s£~ 113 117 121 124 127 130 133 137 140 142 On the Bus/~. While Travelling/gsee-e 39. 46.> (1) (2) (3) Sentences (1)/~l. ~~ The Doctor & The Patientl~£c:£) ~~ Self-Introduction/sgsecsesss» APPENDIX Idioms & Proverbs/szeczs» Telugu-English ~~ ~I)()~ .~£~o.>eoo ~m~ 5'1\ ~.~ Sentences (2)/~~~ Sentences (3)/~~~ 76 so &3 30.S~@~ '67 89 91 94 CJ7 100 103 106 109 111 36. :h~ About Money/c:£~. Negative Sentences/Ij)oc:£.Jc5" 45.. Past Tense (2)/~es 27..26. ~ 48. Making A Trunk CaIVl!?os ~ The Villager & The Urbanite/gr-sse-e. 43.
PART! ALPHABET .
Let us start our journey.:" ~!)~. boss! Goodevening. my comrade! Good night. Sir! Goodmorning Madam! Goodafternoon.yd:> Goodmorning. Telugu is one of the most popular South Indianlanguages.. Sentences of Greetings in Conversation In Telugu. It is the language in which most of the Camatic lyricsare composed. We say every time wemeet ~OSJ~2r60 (Namaskaram) or ~. my friend! Good afternoon. Namaskaraam Namaskiram ! me~a!p ! While meeting ZI<S6eJ. like'Good morning'.[ 1ST STEP 1:1>. etc.i)-~ ) WELCOME YOU ALL !lJ~ ~SIl~O Thisbook is in your hands.fu~2r60 ~OSJ"'~ (Namaste). 'Good evening'.s. 'Good night' etc.TeJugu has a special place in the familyofIndian languages.there are no separate clauses for timely salutations as in English.. It has a vast and richliterature.S~~ ~l~~~CJ" Narnaste Sn. Wewelcome you all for your praiseworthy enthusiasm and fully assure you of success. sister! ~. brother! Good evening. It is a phonetic language.t. It means that you intend to learn Telugu.hilu~a Narnaste Sodaruda ~. It is one of the Dravidian languages. It is a matterof pleasure to us.. Of all the languages of India.You wi IImove on continually-step by step until you reach your destination.fu~2r60 2J"~ Narnaskaram Narnaskaram Bas comrade! Subharalri Sodari Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English ---@ .
3~:i!' ~n~ ~~~~o" In Telugu.J ~~J. o». all can say . Learn Te/ugu in 30 days Through English .o-lr60 (Namask1icarp) or ..S'y4. good afternoon and good night etc.J?..5~~ (Namaste) in salutation. There are no specific terms in Indian languages which are similar to English terms like 'good morning. Ve!!i Vastanu abbjiyi ammayil Gud bail Olpava!i Subhakank~alu Sankrjinti SubhakaDk~alu Yugadi Subhakank~alu Krismas Subhakank~alu REMARKS .5'~~Q. my child! Bye bye! Ta-Ta! Goodbye! Good wishes Happy Diwali! Happy Pongal Happy Ugadi ! Happy X-mas! ~.While departing .(= ~t> ~ .5~.J"S"o.6.> Good bye.6~.
VOWELSu~J~ (lOl ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 S) ~ u z.. 0 ri ~ au ri s ai an (lOlO aI:t ~~ Recognise and pronounce- 1. 0 C§a ell) a mJ" a J e U 2. there are two classes of vowels: (0 Short (Hrasva L~~S) and (ii) long (Sandhi 0V vowels Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English --@ .1. The vowels have Anuswara and Visarga as sse and ~~ Here we are going to deal with vowels..( 2ND STEP 2.r". Telugu alphabets consist of vowels and consonants which are 17 and 35 respectively. In Telugu. 6. ~ ) ALPHABET Telugu language is based on the Bhrami script and shares similarity withKannada script..
j~ writing only Sanskrit words. as in meet. as in saying. as in far. as in word. as in aim.. OU 0 3. long. Actually -= is used in "ft~ . Short vowels are to be pronounced short and long vowels. as in put. as in Note. as in hunger. as in say. as in wool. IY '01 ~ 6 I:loa ~ ~ 6:) = as in rib. * -= is different from I) in pronunciation. '0' '5' 'an' 2.:)~~~OJ * CPO and u: are not vowels. ar i!. as in is.. these areplaced among vowels. Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English .. (long) e (diphthong) (short) (long) (long) (long) 0 5 au ai sounds like 'e'..0!)6~~m) o (ii) Long vowels (Deergha swara (6g IY . as in ah.~ 00 ~ a. sounds like sounds like sounds like sounds like sounds like sounds like 'ai' i!. but semkonsonants'O'For the sake of convenience. as in shout.. Letter ell Pronunciation (Short) (long) a (short) (long) (short) (long) (short) (short) j u ii rj e i a Remarks sounds like short sounds like long sounds like short sounds like long sounds like long sounds like long sounds like sounds like 'ri' 'e'. Let us learn how to pronounce the vowels. 'a' 'ii' 'i' 'j' 'j' 'ii' as in sub.a u ~ e . e ell (diphthong) 0 an ah 'un' 'hI IYI REMARKS \j~.
The consonants as shown above have the inherent sound of "eg" blended with .i)o/. .e- (ru) but it rarely occurs either in spoken or written Telugu. The consonants reproduced below are in the manner in which they are generally found in Telugu books .[ 3RD STEP 3:1> .To e- them for pure the convenience a of pure pronunciation. Learn Te/ugu in 30 days Through English ---@ . consonant marker write consonants.. 1.s. is added.. and they have no equivalents in English. (r) has its lengthened • Ia - form e..:'" ) CONSONANTS ~~~ M There are 35 consonants in Telugu some are peculiar to Telugu. tba cia elba - . 2 ?oJ..).) ..
g. K ~~ 2. ch-h.As (as a single sound).$ ~ ~ Q IP (S :a ($ v . as in govern. ~ :a ~ of consonants Pronunciolion 6. Letter it IP Pronunciation Remarks k. as lanyard t. t-h. ll. as in large-hill nya. as in king. as in sucb. as in jug. as in cburcb-bill j.s ~ ~ fA) . as in long. ng. -s ~ ill ka kha ga gha na cha chha Ja jha na !a [ha ~ 101'" (as a single sound). gh. as in short-hand (as a single sound). ~ i6 in Telugu word sbresta @-- Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English . ch.4.. (as a single sound).. <\I e. Let us learn how to pronounce consonants.- z:: ~~ 2) Identify and pronounce+ K ~ it d qS . and which have resemblence are given below: til <Y 101101'"·'. as in tank. as in black-bole (but as a single sound). The letters similar in shape. ge-h. as in gbost. ck-h.
Harsha (as a single sound).~a d. not found in English. as in Telugu word ~V"S~Kalyani as in Telugu word English. dha I). n. h. as in day. as in shut. as in thumb. r. @9!60. p. b. d-h. as in thus. a ta tha da dha na pa pha ba bha rna ya ra la va th. as in band. nearly as in rate. bh. as in vote or wine. as in panditt. as in bat. 1. Telugu word s. aspirated c1 not found in English. as a loop bole (as a single sound).as in love. as in sand-bill n. ph. sha sha sa ha la ksha It is not found in Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English ~ . y. id. t (softer than English t: similar to Italian pronunciation) As in Telugu word Thatta (as a single sound). sh. As in Telugu word Dharma.asinman. as in sub-house m. as in some. as in nut. v or w. as in has. as in young.
Some important points to be remembered I. .of us are called Ayogavakas in Telugu. a:. and in fact. tbey bave no equivalents in Englisb. Tbe ~~ ~ ~ m ~ '" ~ accurate pronunciation of the above letters can only be mastered tbrough practice.Aouswara and Visarga 3. Tbe use.. IP ~ and ~ are consonants. ®--- Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English . 2. IPO. m never come at tbe beginning of a word. wbicb are peculiar to Telugu.~.
VOWELS. Letus begin to write the vowels and consonants.[ 4TH STEP 4::' ~ ) HOW TO WRITE ALPHABETS Teluguscript is written from left to right just like the roman script.~~~ <II Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English --<2:Y .
.» ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ap ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 23 ~ lS Q ~ m ~ ~ if> ~ lS @ ~ l$ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . In this chapter. Telugu script is written from left to right 3.CONSONANTS ~e. these are conjuncts. ®--- Learn Telugu in 30 days Through English ..s~. these are all the standardized Telugu letters..t ! REMARKS .»e. These must be compulsorily learnt 2.. !f. ~ ~ are not consonants.i' e1t\~ ~~~~~ 1.
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