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Social Science 3 ± Jose Rizal¶s Life, Works & Writings
CHAPTER 14: Rizal in London (1888-89)

Stay in London Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889 3 reasons why he stayed there: there: 1. To improve the his knowledge of the English Language 2. To study and annotate Morga¶s Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas 3. London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish Tyranny - Filipiniana studies - Completing annotating Morga¶s books - Wrote many articles in La Solidaridad - Penned Young Women of Malolos Had romance with Gertrude Beckett

Trip across the Atlantic - made friends in his Atlantic voyage - amazed some American and European passengers -Had a chat with newspaper men but became disappointed Arrived on Liverpool May 24, 1888 ³Liverpool is a big and beautiful city and its celebrated port is worthy of its great fame. The entrance is magnificent and the custom house is quite good.´

Life in London

- went to London May 25, 1888 - stayed as a guest at Dr. Regidor¶s home - became a boarder at the Beckett¶s by the end of May - was called ³Pearl of Man´ by Dr. Reinhold Rost - played Cricket and Boxing with Dr. Rost¶s sons.

Good and Bad News from home Bad News Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the ³Anti-friar Petition of 1888´ - Persecution of Calamba tenants - Furious attacks on Rizal by Senator Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish Cortes and by Desengaños (Wenseslao E. Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in Spanish newspapers - Rizal¶s brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo was exiled in Bohol - Laureano Viado, his friend was arrested and jailed because copies of Noli were found in his house

Good and Bad News from home
Good News Rev. Vicente Garcias¶ defended Noli against the attacks of the friars. Content of the letter ³We young Filipinos are trying to make over a nation and must not halt in our onward march, but from time to time turn our gaze upon our elders. We shall wish to read in their approval of our actions. We are anxious to learn of the Philippines¶ past which we need to understand in order to plan intelligently for the future. We want to know all that our ancestors knew, and then add our own studies to theirs. Thus we shall progress the faster because we can go on from where they left off.´

Annotating Morga¶s books

- spent many days in the reading room of the British Museum reading Morga¶s books and old stories of the Philippines -wrote a letter to Blumentritt on Sept. 17, 1888 - Mariano Ponce urged him to edit a newspaper but He refused.

Short visit to Paris and Spain

September 1888 - He visited Paris for a week - entertained in a gay French Metropolis by Juan Luna and his wife - He returned to London - Dec. 11, 1888 - He went to Spain - met Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce

Christmas in London

- Rizal returned to London on Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his Christmas and new year µs day with the Becketts. - He sent a gift to Blumentritt and Dr. Carlos Czepelak - received a gift from Mrs. Beckett

Rizal becomes leader of Filipinos in Europe

- chosen to be honorary president - wrote a letter of thanks addressed to the members of Asociacion La Solidaridad on Jan. 28, 1889 Letter content - When defeated, never surrender - Great deal of integrity and much good will

Rizal and the La Solidaridad paper

Graciano Lopez founded Feb.15,1889 at Barcelona




Marcelo H. del Pilar about their newspaper Rizal congratulated Lopez Jaena and the associates and wrote articles.

Writings in London La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The vision of Fray Rodriguez) -published at Barcelona Letter to the Young Women of Malolos M.H. del Pilar Praise the young ladies of Malolos for their courage to establish a school where they could learn spanish despite the opposition of Fr. Felipe Garcia, Spanish parish priest of Malolos.

Letter to the Young Women of Malolos - A Filipino mother should teach her children love of God, fatherland, and mankind - Filipino mother should be glad, like the Spartan mother - Filipino woman should know how to preserve her dignity and honor - Filipino woman should educate herself, aside from retaining her good racial virtues; - Faith is not merely reciting long prayers and wearing religious pictures, but rather it is living the real Christian way, with good morals and good manners.

First Article in La Solidaridad

First Article in La Solidaridad


Adios, London!

March 19, 1889

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