Missing Neighbors in WCDMA

Analysis Guide

July 2004


actix. All rights reserved. is subject to change without notice.com . www. Copyright © Actix 2004-2008.The content of this manual is provided for information only. and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. All trademarks are hereby acknowledged. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation.

........Contents 1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................9 5 MISSING / REMOVE NEIGHBOR ATTRIBUTES ................................... 10 6 DROPPED CALL ANALYSIS .........................actix...........................4 2 SETTINGS EXPLAINED ....................................................................................5 3 MISSING NEIGHBORS EXAMPLE ....................... 13 2 www..........................................................6 4 NEIGHBOR LIST RECOMMENDATIONS REPORT..............com ......................................................

www.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Introduction 4 1 Introduction Missing Neighbor Analysis is a fundamental aspect to WCDMA network optimization. Full control of the suggestion criteria is included to allow for changes in clutter. It should be performed as part of the rollout phase of a network to construct and/or optimize the adjacency lists of each cell.com . These suggestion criteria are described as follows: 2 Settings inside Tools > Preferences These criteria are applied to the scanned signal measurements to build a suggested list of cells.actix. Missing Neighbor Analysis in Actix Analyzer has been designed to allow engineers to generate a list of suggested Missing Neighbors and allow engineers to visualize the suggested cells on a map. terrain and rollout phase of the network. Only cells which satisfy all criteria are included in the final list of suggested Missing Neighbors. and throughout the life of the network as changes to traffic and tilt affect the coverage pattern and interference interaction between the cells.

This is to ensure Missing Neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals / back-lobes. By disabling this feature. the adjacency list of only the Nth_Best cells will be included in the creation of the suggested list. This is to reduce stray signals affecting the choice. the adjacency list of all cells that fall within the Reporting Range will also be analyzed. The maximum criteria applied to the angle between any point in the drive route and a suggested missing neighbor.actix. or it will be recommended for removal. The minimum number of samples of the Nth_Best cell before it s neighbors will be analyzed. and ensure only cells angled towards the scanned drive are suggested. By selecting this option. This should be set to your network infrastructure s maximum adjacency list size. Set this value to 0 to disable this feature. Increase this value for rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense-urban environment. Maximum size of the suggested list.com . The percentage of samples that must be achieved for a cell in the current adjacency list of the Nth_Best cell. Set this value to 0 to disable this feature. 2 Maximum size 32 Addition Threshold (%) 1 Removal Threshold (%) 0. to validate the current adjacency list of each cell according to the scanner measurements.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Settings Explained 5 2 Settings Explained Criteria Reporting Range (dB) Default Value 5 Description EcIo offset applied to the Best EcIo value. This feature controls whether the criteria is applied to existing neighbors. The percentage of samples of the suggested cell relative to the Nth_Best cell must at least equal this value to be suggested. EcIo values must be within this offset of the Nth_Best cell to be included as a suggested cell. The line-of-sight distance between the Nth_Best and suggested cell must be less than or equal to this value.2 Minimal Samples 50 Maximum Intersite Distance (metres) 5000 Angle to site threshold (degrees) 90 Include existing neighbors Disabled Only process first best SC Enabled www. This is to remove statistically invalid measurements from the suggestions.

102. at point “X”. 201 and 202.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing Neighbors Example 6 3 Missing Neighbors Example The following example explains how the Missing Neighbors are calculated: 2 Example scanner measurement drive.actix. Its adjacency list includes 101. SC 103 on Site 1 is the strongest signal at point “X” In this example. SC 103 is the Nth_Best SC (CPICH_Scan_SC_SortedBy_EcIo_0). www. At point X . so Analyzer selects the closest cell to the drive route at that time. The closest cell to point “X” is at Site 11. with a matching SC.com . the scanned list is as follows: SC 103 202 302 203 402 301 101 303 EcIo (dBm) -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -9 -11 -15 1 Note: The scanner reports SC numbers.

Applying the Reporting Range of 5dB creates a short-list of SC 202. but when subtracting half its beamwidth. so it is not included in the list. The azimuth of SC 301 was originally outside our 90° threshold. SC 302 is included as a Missing Neighbor. half the beamwidth is added/subtracted to the azimuth to give extra tolerance of angle. 302. If the angle of the cell then falls within the angle setting in Tools > Preferences. To be considered.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing Neighbors Example 7 • • • • • At point “X”.actix. it falls within our acceptable range so is therefore included as a Missing Neighbor. the final criteria is applied to the cell. SC 202 is are already defined as a neighbor of SC 103. the strongest signal is SC 103 is at -5dBm. leaving us with a suggested list of 203. www. leaving us with SC 203. so it is removed from the suggested list. Applying the intersite distance threshold.com . The angle between the point “X” and the azimuth of the SC s is now analyzed. 302 and 301. 402 and 301 (greater than -10dBm). 402 and 301. 2 Example of angle to site threshold for sector validation When half the beamwidth is added/subtracted (depending on whether the azimuth is to the left or right of the vector connecting the scanner point and the cell) to the azimuth of the cell. In the example above. the cell will be included in the suggested list. so this is eliminated too. 203. 302. The signals from SC 101 and 303 are too weak to be considered. the azimuth must fall with +/-90 degrees of the line-of-sight vector from the point X to that site. To allow for the spread of beamwidth. SC 402 is over 5Km away from SC 103. The azimuth of SC 203 + half its beamwidth still does not fall within our 90° threshold.

and cell A and cell C are within 5dB. This obviously increases that processing needed at each point. the Missing Neighbors at point “X” are as follows: Missing_Neighbours_0 = 302 Missing_Neighbours_1 = 301 relative to CPICH_Scan_SC_SortedBy_EcIo_0 = 103 at point “X” This is repeated for all points in the scanned drivetest route. the results can be viewed in two ways: through the Accelerated Network Rollout analysis pack report (Neighbor List Recommendations).com . which satisfy the selection criteria and are not currently defined as a neighbor of the Nth_Best_0 cell at that time. Due to the fact that SC 302 has a stronger EcIo value than SC 301 at point “X”. creating an array of SCs at each point. Once the final list of suggested Missing Neighbors has been compiled. not only the Nth_Best cell will be considered. the relationship between cell B and cell C should be analyzed too. If the “Only use Nth Best cell” option is disabled.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing Neighbors Example 8 Our final list of Missing Neighbors is then 301 and 302. and also by visualizing them on the map/chart/table. sorted by their EcIo value. 2 www. Using the principle that if cell A and cell B are within 5dB. and is recommended for neighbor list optimization of more mature networks.actix.

NOTE: It is important to drive enough routes and collect enough data to ensure these cell suggestions are statistically valid. Its current adjacency list includes SC 112 and 113. all criteria have been met for this cell. SC 200 is not already in the adjacency list for SC 110. SC 113 (at the same site as SC 112.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Neighbor List Recommendations report 9 4 Neighbor List Recommendations report Once this report has been run from the ANR analysis pack. the recommended additions / removals / retentions are presented in a tabular format as follows: Nth_Best SC 110 Site Site123 Cell Site123-a Sample Count 5000 Action Add Retain Remove Nbr SC 200 112 113 Sample Count 1250 500 5 % 25 10 0.5 2 In this example.5 3.actix. 500 samples for SC 112 and only 5 samples for SC 113 (sorted by % samples). 3.5 3. so it has been recommended to be removed. While SC 111 was the Nth_Best cells.com . so it is suggested as a Missing Neighbor.1 Intersite Distance 2. SC 110 (Site123-a) was the Nth_Best measurement for 5000 samples during the scanner measurement.5Km away from SC 110) was only scanned 5 times. there were 1250 samples of SC 200. www. SC 112 was scanned enough times to recommend to be kept in the adjacency list.

actix. 2 Workspace Explorer showing Neighbor Analysis group The lists are sorted by signal strength and contain the SC values of the cells in the list at each point in the scanned drivetest. The strongest Missing Neighbor (Missing_Neighbour_0) should be analyzed first. the stateform will synchronize to show the top 10 scanned measurements giving the Nth_Best SC at the top of the list2. Drag the parameter onto the map and open the “Top 10 Scan Measurements” stateform (optionally dock it to under the Workspace Explorer). the closest cell with a matching SC to the Nth_Best_0 cell will be selected.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes 10 5 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes In the Workspace Explorer.com . A decision needs to be made whether to add this suggested Missing Neighbor SC into the adjacency list of the Nth_Best SC. 2 In the case of repeated SC values. The most frequent SC should be targeted first. The legend of the map gives you the list of SCs that were the strongest Missing Neighbor at any point in the drive. and by selecting any point in the map. containing 2 sorted lists. for Missing Neighbor suggestions and Removal suggestions. www. as it could potentially be the strongest pollution source at that time. you should see the grouping Neighbor Analysis.

www. and synchronized to the Top 10 Scan Measurements stateform. to give all occurrences of the combinations.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes 11 2 Screenshot of Nth_Best SC (CPICH_Scan_SC_SortedBy_EcIo_0) plotted on the map. Once all the strongest Missing Neighbors have been analyzed. The same SC could appear as a Missing Neighbor for multiple Nth_Best cells.actix. Following this process with ensure that the most important Missing Neighbors are analyzed first. the next strongest signal should be analyzed. Missing_Neighbours_0 is added to the map. The Display Cell Data view shows the adjacency list of cell “example0184c” (SC 242). so it may be easier to create a crosstab query with two dimensions: Missing_Neighbours_0 and Nth_Best_0.com . This list can then be filtered from the Statistics Explorer to filter the map view for single SC combinations individually.

The map s distance tool has been used and the distance 1.com . www.actix.7046Km is underlined.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Missing / Remove Neighbor attributes 12 2 Screenshot showing validation of intersite distance between Nth-Best SC 242 at site Example0184 and Missing Neighbor 202 at site Example0199.

2 Screenshot showing synchronized scanner and handset traces. See the online Help for instructions on superstreaming using Time Offsets. By opening the “UE Missing Neighbors” stateform for the superstream and synchronizing it with dropped call. This requires the scanner and UE traces to be collected at the same time.actix. www.com . Once the files have been combined. the top 10 scanned measurements can be visually compared to the Active and Monitored sets for the UE at the time. parameters such as the UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI and the Uu_CallDropped event can be dragged onto the map. This method uses the process of combining the scanner and UE together and checking the Active and Monitored Sets for the UE against the scanned measurements at the point of a dropped call. and for the resulting collection files to be superstreamed together (and correcting any time offset between the collection devices).Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Dropped Call Analysis 13 6 Dropped Call Analysis Neighbor list analysis can also be used verify the reason behind a dropped call. indicating Missing Neighbor 202 (and differences between best scanned SC 242 and Active Set SC 338.

and a missing neighbor just before the drop. and therefore never being able to be added to the Active Set. or whether it was a handset problem. resulting in a neighbor that had already been defined not being added to the Monitored Set.com . Here the Active Set and Monitored Set SC s are at very low RSCP values.actix. and poor EcNo too. The scanner detected 3 other SCs. www. This allows the engineer to understand whether the UE had dropped a call due to a missing neighbor not being defined in the cell s adjacency list.Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Dropped Call Analysis 14 2 Screenshot showing how dropped calls from the handset can be viewed with the Missing Neighbor attributes when the scanner and handset are synchronized.

Actix Analyzer Missing Neighbors in WCDMA Analysis Guide July 2004 Dropped Call Analysis 15 2 www.com .actix.

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