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Japanese Verbs

Japanese Verbs

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Published by: guren07 on Aug 29, 2011
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08/29/2011

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By itself, oku means "to put," but after a verb in the Te Form it means "will certainly do
(that verb)," or "will go ahead and do (that verb)." There isn't a whole lot of difference
between shite oku and plain old suru to express "will do," but shite oku, or any verb in
the Te Form with oku, expresses the fact that someone will definitely do that something
right away or in the very near future. Also, it is normally used for things which can be
done in a relatively short amount of time. It can even be used in the past tense to state that
you went ahead and did something. It isn't used in the negative; we don't use it to say that
we won't or didn't do something. Remember to convert oku to Base 2 with a masu ending
to make it polite.

All right. We've got all that talk out of the way, so let's make some sentences:

Ron ni denwa shite oku. (I'll call Ron.)
Mado o akete oku. (I'll open the window.)
Kasa o katte okimasu. (I'm going to buy an umbrella.)
Kanojo ni ki o tsukeru you ni itte okimasu. (I'll tell her to be careful.)
Shukudai o shite okimashita. (I [went ahead and] did my homework.)

Again, when not following a verb in the Te Form, oku means "to put," as in: Hon wa,
tsukue no ue ni oite kudasai
(Please put the books on the desk), so please don't confuse
them.

Word Check

oku: to put
mado: window
akeru: to open
kasa: umbrella
kau: to buy
kanojo: she, her; (a steady) girlfriend
ki o tsukeru: to be careful; to take care

Note: Ki is a noun with many meanings, like "heart," "mind," and "energy." In this idiom
it means "attention." Tsukeru means "to attach" or "apply," so the overall meaning
becomes clear: to pay attention; to be careful. You'll hear it often.

you ni: in order to; in order that; for (a certain purpose or result); so (something will take
effect or happen)
iu: to say; to tell
shukudai: homework
hon: book(s)
tsukue: desk
(no) ue: the top (of something)

(Verbs are shown in their plain form.)

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