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CONTENTS EARTH COORDINATE SYSTEM SYSTEM 3 3 .4 > :E t- CELESTIAL COORDINATE SOLAR SYSTEM SUN PHASES OF THE MOON MOON SEASONS OF THE YEAR SOLAR ECLIPSE LUNAR ECLIPSE GALAXY COMET CONSTELLATIONS CONSTELLATIONS ASTRONOMICAL o z o aI: -e '" 6 6 7 8 8 8 9 9 OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE 10 12 14 15 16 16 OF THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE OBSERVATORY RADIO TELESCOPE PLANETARIUM HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE 2 .

....-' ......-- celestial meridian EARTH COORDINATE SYSTEM ..' Antarctic Circle .North Pole Arctic Circle --.CELESTIAL COORDINATE SYSTEM > -t '" =a 3: < celestial sphere .South Pole 3 .....-- .-..... latitude -'. ...Southern hemisphere longitude .... o z e ...-.......ecliptic terrestrial sphere .' right ascension South celestial pole .declination celestial equator --\ vernal equinox -- .Northern tropic of Cancer ..-hemisphere equator .-- tropic of Capricorn .-'.

-- Europa 10 't Jupiter ORBITS OF THE PLANETS asteroid belt 4 . Earth 6--.. Venus Mercury Q--' Ganymede . Mars ci-. Q--.SOLAR SYSTEM > ::E o Z o a= PLANETS AND MOONS '" « Phobos Deimos .-- Callisto . Sun Moon --..

> o z o '" :::a 3: < Uranus -I W Pluto lE' Charon h Saturn Titan W Neptune Triton 5 .

SUN > :E o z o D:: STRUCTURE OF THE SUN '" <C I- photosphere spicules chromosphere corona convection zone radiation zone core flare faculae sunspot filament prominence granulation PHASES OF THE MOON new moon new crescent first quarter waxing gibbous 6 .

MOON LUNAR FEATURES cliff bay ocean '" ~ :::a o z o » 3: < lake sea mountain range cirque wall crater full moon waning gibbous last quarter old crescent 7 .

...autumnal equinox 8 .SOLAR ECLIPSE > ::E o z o D::: '" -e IMoon Moon's orbit Earth TYPES OF ECLIPSES total eclipse annular eclipse umbra shadow penumbra shadow partial eclipse LUNAR ECLIPSE Moon's orbit umbra shadow Moon TYPES OF ECLIPSES partial eclipse Earth penumbra shadow total eclipse SEASONS OF THE YEAR vernal equinox -- _ winter solstice summer solstice summer .

..spiral arm ..COMET > -t '" :a 3: < e z e head dust tail GALAXY HUBBLE'S CLASSIFICATION barred spiral galaxy .nucleus 9 ....

CONSTELLATIONS OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE > :IE e z e D: '" « I- 10 .

Pisces Fishes 9 Aquila Eaq!e 25 Draco Dragon > \II :=a 0 0 Z -I 2 Cetus Whale 10 Sagitta Arrow 26 Lyra Lyre 3: < 3 Aries Ram " 12 Cygnus Swan 27 Hercules Hercules 4 Triangulum Triangle Lacerta Lizard 28 Ophiuchus Serpent Bearer 13 Cepheus King 29 Serpens Serpent 14 Cassiopeia Lady in the Chair 30 Corona Borealis Northern Crown 15 Camelopard us Giraffe 31 Bootes Herdsman 16 Perseus Perseus 32 Coma Berenices Berenice's Hair 17 Auriga Charioteer 33 Canes Venatici Hunting Dogs 18 Taurus Bull 34 Ursa Major Great Bear 19 Orion Hunter 35 Leo Minor Little Lion 20 The Milky Way 36 Cancer Crab 5 Andromeda Andromeda 21 Gemini Twins 37 Canis Minor Little Dog 6 Pegasus Winged Horse 22 Lynx Lynx 38 Hydra Water Snake 7 Equuleus Little Horse 23 Polaris North Star 39 Leo Lion 8 Delphinus Dolphin 24 Ursa Minor Little Bear 40 V!rgo Virgin 11 .

. c( '" 12 ..CONSTELLATIONS OF THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE > :Pi! o z o ~ ..

Cetus Whale 2 Aquarius Water Bearer 12 Dorado Swordfish 28 Pictor Painter's Easel > "" ::a 0 Z -I 3 Capricorn us Goat Reticulum 13 Net 29 Columba Dove 0 3: -< 4 Piscis Austrinus Southern Fish 14 Hydrus Sea-Serpent 30 Canis Major Great Dog 5 Grus Crane 15 Tucana Toucan 31 Puppis Ship's Stern 6 Phoenix Phoenix 16 Pavo Peacock 32 Pyxis Ship's Compass 17 Indus Indian 33 Carina Ship's Keel 18 Corona Australis Southern Crown 34 Vela Ship's Sails 19 Sagittarius Archer 35 Crux Southern Cross 20 Serpens Serpent 36 Centaurus Centaur 21 Scorpius Scorpion 37 Ophiuchus Serpent Bearer 22 Ara Altar 38 Libra Scales 7 Fornax Furnace 23 Triangulum Australe Southern Triangle 39 Hydra Water Snake 8 Eridanus River Eridanus 24 Apus Bird of Paradise 40 Corvus Crow 9 Orion Hunter 25 Musca Fly 41 Virgo Virgin 10 Lepus Hare 26 Chamaeleon Chameleon 42 Crater Cup 11 Caelum Chisel 27 Volans Flying Fish 43 Sextans Sextant 13 .

'~ ~ rotating dome arch ~~~~ _~~ telescope crane ~~ ~ airlock ~air space windscreen ~ ~~ exterior dome shell '~~ rotating dome truck girder ~~~~~ ~interior dome shell 14 .~~ air intake dome shutter ~~~~~~ .. < prime focus ~~~~~ ~~~~~interchangeable end assembly flat mirror ~". ~~~~~~~~ horseshoe mount declination axis ~ ~ hydrostatic pad primary mirror ~~ ~~~~~~ telescope base OBSERVATORY .ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY > ~ TELESCOPE Z ~~~~~ prime focus observing capsule o D:: I.

.radio wave upper laboratory --\ ..-' elevator control room 15 . ~econdary reflector rotating track support structure laboratory...receiver C..RADIO TELESCOPE ALTAZIMUTH MOUNTING '" ~ :::a o z o » s: < parabolic reflector...ounterweight ....

scientific instruments star tracker radiator -- camera PLANETARIUM tweeter working area zenith projection dome .HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE > ::E o z o D:: ..'.-'.. antenna '" <C ...: .aft shroud secondary mirror -- primary rnirror v..fine guidance system - .equipment section __ .-- control console .... control room . midrange --\ auditorium .-- woofer planetarium projector auxiliary projector 16 . ------------apertu re door --.-.

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