Case Studies

for the for the

CONSTRUCTION SECTOR
Prepared on 26 October 2006
Please note that all cases are shared for learning purposes only and in no way implies any liabilities on any parties.

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

2

Case Study 5

Electrocution

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

3

Synopsis
Construction of 8 blocks of 14-storey residential apartments. Accident happened during finishing stage. Worker using electrical cutter electrocuted. Two workers laying tiles at 11th storey. One smelled burning. Went next door to check. Saw co-worker lying on puddle of water faced up with electrical wires on his body.

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

4

Observations and Findings
Cutter – No plug. Earth wire inserted into live terminal of socket outlet. Extension cable had 3 cuts, all exposing the earth wire.
1st cut at 2.2 m, in puddle of water. 2nd cut at 49 m , neutral wire also exposed. 3rd cut at 68 m, non-issue.

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

5

Observations and Findings
PUB concluded that the deceased might have contacted the energised metallic body of the cutter. Fell onto the puddle of water, electric current then flowed into water. Then into the earth wire at the 1st cut. Entered the neutral wire at the 2nd cut and back to the generator.

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

6

Observations and Findings

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

Generator

© 2006 WSHAC

7

Observations and Findings

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

8

Root Cause Analysis
Evaluation of loss Type of contact Immediate cause(s) Basic causes Fatal Electrocution Exposed live wires Poor maintenance of wire sheathings Poor housekeeping – Wet work area when using electrical tools No Risk Assessment Poor maintenance regime
© 2006 WSHAC

Failure of SMS

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

9

Corrective Measures
Contractor issued with a SWO. Contractor instructed to install ELCBs at all distribution boards. Contractor charged under Section 20(1) for failing to maintain the electrical installations in accordance with the generally safe and accepted principles of sound and safe practices.

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

10

THE END

WSHAC Workplace Safety & Health Advisory Committee

© 2006 WSHAC

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