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Tom Foster Boise State University
.g.g.. Conventional manufacturing systems have been marked by one of two distinct features: ² The capability of producing a variety of different product types. job shops). ² The capability of producing large volumes of a product at a lower cost. but at a high cost (e. but very inflexible in terms of the product types which can be produced (e. An FMS is designed to provide both of these features.Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS) An FMS is a ´reprogrammableµ manufacturing system capable of producing a variety of products automatically. transfer lines). .
FMS Components Numerical Control (NC) machine tools Automated material handling system (AMHS) ² Automated guided vehicles (AGV) ² Conveyors ² Automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS) Industrial Robots Control Software .
Flexible Manufacturing System Computer control room Tools Conveyor Machine Pallet Machine Load Unload Terminal Parts Finished goods .
in which strategic business plans are integrated into a specific facility design to accomplish long-term managerial objectives. Dynamic operations planning. . minute-to-minute operations of minute-toFMS. which provides long-range. long Intermediate-range planning. strategic business plans. which is concerned with the dynamic.Classification of FMSFMSrelated Problems Strategic analysis and economic justification. long Facility design. which encompasses Intermediatedecisions related to master production scheduling and deals with a planning horizon from several days to several months in duration.
Loading (Stecke) .partition machines into groups where each machine in a group can perform the same set of operations.FMS Problems Part type selection (Askin) . Control .selecting parts that will be produced in the FMS over some relatively long planning horizon.allocate the operations and required tools of the selected part types among the machine groups.provide instructions for. Machine grouping (Stecke) .from the set of parts that have current production requirements and have been selected for processing in the FMS. select a subset for immediate and simultaneous processing. and monitor the equipment in the FMS so that the production goals identified by the above problems are met. . Part selection (Stecke) .
Information Technology Management information system (MIS) ²move large amounts of data Decision support system (DSS) ²add decision making support Expert system ²recommend decision based on expert knowledge .
Decision Support System Decision Support System Management Personnel Management Information System Information: reports model results what if? analysis Accounting Data Computer system: data processing Production Decisions Marketing Distribution Other areas Quantitative techniques What -if? analysis .
Artificial Intelligence Neural networks ²emulate interconnections in brain Genetic algorithms ²based on adaptive capabilities in nature Fuzzy logic ²simulate human ability to deal with ambiguity .
If the red x still appears. Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image. and then open the file again.Advanced Communications Electronic data interchange (EDI) Internet Wireless communications Teleconferencing & telecommuting Bar coding Virtual reality The image cannot be displayed. you may have to delete the image and then insert it again. . Restart your computer. or the image may have been corrupted.
Manufacturing Technology Numerically controlled (NC) machines ²controlled by punched tape Computer numerical controlled (CNC) ²controlled by attached computer Direct numerical control (DNC) ² several NC machines controlled by single computer .
Automated Material Handling Conveyors Automated guided vehicle (AGV) Automated storage & retrieval system (ASRS) .
Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS) Programmable machine tools Controlled by common computer network Combines flexibility with efficiency Reduces setup & queue times .
Robotics Programmable manipulators Follow specified path Better than humans with respect to ²hostile environments ²long hours ²consistency .
power source Manipulator ²robot arm End-effector End²´handµ .Robot Parts Controller ²hardware. software.
classifies designs to benefit from prior GTexperience .uses software to create & modify designs CAM .creates processing instructions for CAM GT.links functional design to CAD form design CAPP .uses programmable automation in manufacturing CAE .Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Integration of design. manufacture & delivery via computer technology CAD .
DMIS TQM Bar codes. PDES. satellites Manufacture Systems management Product design CAD/CAM CAPP CIM Process planning Cellular manufacturing MAP. ASRS Automated inspection Cells and centers . STEP NC/CNC/ DNC FMS Robotics AGV.Components Of CIM CAD CAE GT DFM IGES. TOP. EDI MRP JIT/ kanban DSS/ES/ AI LAN.
Adoption Of Technology Technology Readiness Need well-designed products & efficient wellprocesses Technology Design Know what to automate Technology Selection Choose the right level Technology Integration Have a strategy for incremental automation .