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.10·····"'I!I .ad:laltiwl.in.1(t2"A.. [UI~ £'.(b. 111."ater .S.convlemltWonal Energy Resources ~2..v.AniN..2~'91 :Po..mt· lO.:6[ Agril~~l~uralR.i\"!I: 16:2 164-11 [1)4. Bellcb. Green. .6.'~opn1e.~ I.~. .i1.'d1)1I II.. ~..:6..UC_'.L~ 1..A.llJd lrlll.IWI'~~}U~!O.].n Resources .''C' d .J 'Nlon.:e"ft!i'ii..fi." J.. D'eve::Loping 'CcHulme:...~Resources ·Bt2.S EDJVim~HltJi~.... 1~~U~IlI¥. N else .Dd.~. Res~uwes=Cb'S5:i.::' i!1 .. .On~' :Ea/Jdh~One.ea~t"b ~.. 'To)ti~ Ch~~:l1&ifialS.] 'M~nendIt:eoolr-cel '1~12.irOlillmemt.. ~. .(Key' il~(lY"1'~~' 4.S and Couoe. '1 Swshidna.~ .e..j!l"ili' 8~2.54 . Jj.i:r-on:mclI.ati.recw.MaU:er .J. a..nlv:ironuteJ.. . 102 ... ltesou~oes l' ·1:[1f'iI 'w'" .2~ .~ &JPl·'!Jiii.~iI:'L~ 'I::"~Q>~' ~ .'1 Sound.QR of .sli.'opoo..)([Chapt:el'W'il:lle)1 :r' .ble 'Devt.esuuroes U].' g.O.'U' ::!. 'D..Jndia's :Rank in 1l1~World . u.res1t Resoueees 1 ..03 ~([.~esources.MI~~~~e~ll'enlt..[OI..e.cnt ~... 'dl$..o:w_a~1 :SI U'~it~ :1..'_'!'d..b~.ct' :eVlolutlon gog gg l~D' Hil I .~' Copy rig hted m ateri al . and Human AClOUSidc-iS 5~5S: ..dtb Issues e "'1i.als..'o..lllit8 U 8.5 65 66 fll 1(51 £'10 IUD ($6 .:) 1. 0'. OJ _Jl ..4 R0SQ:W'C:tJE.2 Land 'R.~!?~ndie'e~ ~-lr. . _ t. . 8.II. 'Ti'e'flll.']'. TO~2..iil).w~ n". 'GI'Qssary .'-I~iFrF!i:~.g. M'Olllejllenm in India ~O.t"'t'~IAifi.'e Haves and Hai.631 ~~ ~.VlUi-:liots (D!tn~r. . Ma:lllgenl.O'.""~Q.:3~I C:O..=.n. 11~ Eu..l'Ud..ic: H.Y~~lJtional Energy Resources ~. 'Hea~tlli 8.t: CoODslCrv:...6'9' [69' ~. The 'Time Sc~iie. 1{t~l so.o..8. ...p~nlJdon and.EnvirQ~l~n:ent: s. rl(d:~u.64. :Paml1:y'(Glo'btd Village) '. WUd. . 111.64· .4".$ Pe:RI1msible 'N'0ise Levels 9'i' :Env..ca.~~¢ .D--'Inkh1o' 'W'ster QccruaUtv S~anuia. -...ti~liJJ:Bffects 7~S Inte<mcti. :lJ:t. ._.ltil'erelSes 73 '17' '78 78 80 Model Test' Paper .Iud.6 R.:rds .Radladoll witl1. 'k '~.52 )131 I~ N'oil~:P.'~iO:ll m 0-:2 No'wAlI ltesli))umes Uses and Abuses llLt2.~ Ma'n3i·Ie:un~lw~ 10.!~$o~roe e.o}~I.I....fica.C' '1..s 51 '~'~ 8..s) :2L TJhe :iut$n1. PubUc: 'H.I~~· '~lg~108 6.N'Olttie roUlt~Otl H1Z8!rd~.~ '. in .tiJOn . Fish :Resonrces.tioD . '0.J Noise C~.p~s. .

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'.!!'!..T. 'CilMiOlil (Uo::dde c.dU:l~de"HeFe .1i.~'i~n.gion ~1a.<I'fwlil~b~-_\'\f-!'·!I.'I. i W L i~li~lii's'_\F:\n.er I(OJ" tmr caN) m1d Itb..f' the atmosp'bem:. ~ IL::~ ~!~-uat.as energy :flows.m-cl .loq time . of Io'mne' ~a:y.h.· ~'JII.~n-I' ~_[Yi..and. tons IY~...It'-I:e' ..~~J].. '~)O' '='2.pG.. e 200~C.I!wll.~.. '1 n't' 'iH1.o lhe 'Tf. 1 n' '.B '0.~ eereases W~I~. ~n :he8i!1.r.at1is'hoo due tO s'h.--.-'. -c !lr/ifjfU'.'n.:' ~ ..~vi'~isa.t'l.~C:~i"" "".I!l ~. 11U ].a. li.S: km-deep water ]Jl'IDass.-. U-.'7'per' Icelll~ the .!!'"'Ji'll!.!!~.'ulll" .8~ l' H'Ude o::~dde N'~lrl~.8.vil.~ I. wat~r 'WpCUf' O.!j.".i.'~'fJlL~ .MbvIDlR.Ii¥~!Q'i. ra.J'\ J~QtaJ .~' kJj.Jxjmmtl of' ~. '~illt (U'n~ted.e..A~~. '\Yillh ~aJC1:1 OdlU..~mWIte' ItJUm.:..g.I: "-.. surface.e..nr~~C.~pO'liIr.otll.ve '~ap5Je rate).~lmiit":i'..:1 -Ir.i. l.emJ.. tcvnpera'tnre with b.et .hantii..3.. U].y~ienaad :t1itldc ottdde '~cnwze a:Alew' ..ilmaltjO. "IW~M~. The rrl().w:d'!l IS. rnJteti O.~!l.:~~ ~~ ~:~~ -.~..o.0:( -92.ir.er :~lil 'riven~ :I•.. ~?Os.....i.1r~.chairp bet.l-.s.I~ ''''¥:__~~"1_.:"I'l!~_ 'T [l~~ :ifIi!!'fiF.g .I!>P~Yand...f tlir&iil(J. i. and ibroul:~jtl:t.ror ."iQiW.M~be :mol~eltduIfU~'plrtit~~S i'o .ciFcu'la..s.'N'3!miOilS W:lite. ns:"-.g:p.lU~ '~!i-~l1iO.j: T~-Jtn.t: ~ayier'hi.~.~~'e~'(ls:1}iU!''e renl.'!i'tnnl .1!!' .u::lie ..~...I .o~plite:~e!: The' :hi:smry of' human ~.ge 'wntbe ~p. per eent.. c'omumnptjon Md.56 t~1~2 .e'hlp.1 a .alt 'twle ruev\~l(l.C t.50Q.{~ ~ Mes~~[pihere n mn~sp:llere OXYJ1.~l. The . w These ..1_..[oba~ n:azcilrd.=2.'rIl! Y:.".: NI~Qn" :J~. lon. of tll~ _a~lm{)$plm~m is tot'~1 ~'~~--~:~'-\'iJ-" '~' '_ .-]p.----.~tlg and. _ ..tion .1! .ii'"i. oimE' '~.'~'s water su...._'tj-..l of ..er ~~~~IIi'II'<toi~I~l'l)liF"I_'..'I· il]'~niftij. si~o~~ly come dOM) ~. :N~~ro!m" OX.:r.J I'll the seabeds eou~d 00' :nUed up. T'r~M.?. ."-ll. rest (t03 p~r cent is..vai~!aJb]!eas :&esh wa1\rr 'OOt 1Ilm~ Gnnt::lOf' 'iJt '~. OJ):~per cent. ~ ballml~e ~11'pe. d91 ~o 12. ~..w.~mDla:~~ chende~l.".~)p}!I. DeJ1}I~ty -d\ec. by jet :1J':~II1U:S. 'w·dlt. 'ol._ 'I)JIj .~jdc: ':!' 'NUn)lgen oxide" ~ N:~nic oxide m. the imp1J:rritMl!..e:l. 'Dl~'ii"!:.'!IC'~~-:--~:~.~.I'.nrio:l!o'~.if . [~UII.ms!t to the T:ropo!p:h'ere'~ [be Strfltil~vpl~e~e .'iJp-..-.. ItO~:1fJ.!J91.tj-:. ('!:...k:1:W1". I:Ierei ox. Il~~ . es . per eeat ~~: Laikes."!!.. .~'Ii!.'. :Ind 'lll~ wudd~.~ ~~J~ ".s.~WU'Jldlf!l.1 raises '~1i.e.'0...a\c.:II-: _'__ l~' I~[i ~ tar~. Iv..s:ing a~£j~ud.vater :m.Yl'~1 'W.W' .l~nre vary~g: from.' 'O~Y.gfI].l!'.:::'!. 111 'f.n'S):~e:arls ~o tlllnnll1. 'WORld 'c~V.hoi..Jl. nu!~(' S .'. If lome :poUlllhlllm t e[ru~~r us ]..~ _ . FUltrod'lJJcti.~ . In :P'~~il. '~tlt1.Q~~'r" .v"1:wi1 t~mpC'r~!tur.'Ii"'R:.S' In the T/~'!f!f'.>tJ1Jrt.:I'. .l-..ll~ iC.v one p ~IU. he tml1...m'o'lm e '~'m~aps. .s1ti:v.qllt~e.l~...jl'hN..! .o~.I:-rn.003 :~r' ~nt at1d: '~lt~r I~DlmledJ. 'wn~\re'alse :~na~t_wh:te.~.cies. .1. ' " '. l~ 'IUI1!!:~!!i !!il!!!.pply' ~s . s-pe..l!"-Eii' ~~:~.e. __ .t::i.911).v spec~~es e.~" .cg:illtrn.pe:F albnospbere.I~ [Ii f~~tL 1IjjI: .. 'rive.ea:l1h. JIL_ ..e ratl~.~ 'ili'.Uln.!!~.0 '1l" n...fir'Q. b~]'()w" lt extends up io .():Sp~u!re tronta~nl 1'0 per eeet of' 'the' mass .'F!..e. d 'Iluey wim st~.-_'~' U.. L deereeses wi iil>t..wai.et~nd:~ne~1L1.~~'~:~~'v~ol~r.ecu'~es p~ck up chM.. I: .1J "I' ~ filii ~O[lillS on. !:-:C-i mIKlOS... _ _ __ _ .above ~k"''Ii'i'i' ~Uut~" sen ~ev. iUt~tutllJ lra~'..g:e.~ .o.'!iS ~Ilr.5. 'II~]...it ce~~ is .iIi'i'~i'~ .d~ :fw{linl..H:yd.th iUeJl1per.Vrn'Ul 'l!Ii~ '_' 11 '. is 'lb~' ~nic~rea!sen.m 'fhe' .1it~.tii(ln. 'III'.~""ii[n. .:pe~' ent :~~~m:bd~.'.r. oeoae. 'the..g :b' lO ~~(' ponds.e[l.~ ~~~ lit: ..:' ..Jill !iI.l[iw..L i~ )"".Irllel. .aJb~ulrpitwon of s'cdar :rmdrnation.o.t<:reaJs~ l:1l.j~: T' llir.dSi r-egion tl1e air masses . 'I"" hte ~ .XY1"Cl1.fooe and make wt :2 .W1.lill~' 'll) ~I f :~ow~I 'I 'iJt~" ~eV~'I.i" _' '. . earth .'lil'jiJnl'':' '.~h~IOlib.u aile d :~ntl:maJ'te~y linked.l!JI...r~aSles e.1jf!.~.s CtOI 8:7 :par.a..."l~~fllr.~ntllle A of ocean \\I'lljch :is 'Illi]fit for ~..'.1...8!1:er' 'v. O~03...~u.9~2°'t'o' :1.posphe[-e~ O~!tlS~. :tI~ water' s~.iI.1..~~ospl~:(!'~r!i '~empem!U!m-e nses once again glvi'm.vru. is r\!"I.l!l.ua" -].io.:OO~. 2.200. .~ '~~~.s.~.:ay be 'b·'li'A"5..~ bruUiarn1:b1.th~:r.sW!ntbr jin.. ¢!OOIUng.'...J . ili4. !t:'~1l.~:'I'J 4[ifoiilli"' yW!"-JA: ~u _"w~ I . .1 .y fnl a.-aJto~plfl. Several c:it~es:"ndJ 'civU is ati 00 s brave 'v.O\. io]..i"t'N..-.."".W.e '.e l'th :IlGsitivle' c~a:rse..1 'm'-'~'-' "~ .ljJ.r~nJl1.' .v..r' Canr~mmiee .r.il~~' ~ oalill.e~nM3lqu3.JIJ.~~id-.x:poo..s..$' entire water :in dle~leas..fJl1:age of I W'alJeF' supply" :3 per cent.~e-s h~iCh.It~. .1-.~yg~l1.~eeu~. iI"~i. Irt.Jt... {C:bllo~!'i(~t1u[ocajF1oo. Ui r\IIP~"J. r.· g _ _.and r-e:mgemn~ ga~es .WiIIiIJ" ~. The '~-up' 101 t'hts. Jbou~ '9.00llliJe IS.RfJJjIDI1'!I'MgenUi..! [WI.\r1.m..(Jcle T (n.dI~Ii.~...o a lJ~.< !:j.e....~t 'i1.n:nna].o'lW!! '.g.eriod ... mas.'.~ '"" nlltr. :fres'h '~v. iii. .6-tj11 .e$ 'omne .~itlf'ilt\...~. due 'to jinlbala:mee..:: S-J!DW ill tI:~esn... of :n:~trlollen oxides.. 'tota'~ qU~nJtun.at.i:y~r~.'i'~'e'i"~' Jl. th0 :poles" In oont...'1 'I..wr and. ~Eibci~"lS.ellthll~Y' '\vi'~b:''In!C". "'~I d.S..AJ.pemmrt'e' decreases mrifo:mjy wi'llJ iiiicKuinl: a'~JtUJ.n ~ high fS'llt 'COllem" Of tlle 'reJl1!Un~~~.un..:f the earth ".1~ u!:~~ ~:IlI.J" _:_iI. a mhlhllu!~l .I~.d.eal$.iJ~' s:p.and.aJtomslFJUl]. :s!'Weams.8:. a!fld Copy rig hted m ateri al .:l. .Q.00 I~mu~ 'O.~~ . ...fi}{1.'("~!Il..jj.I!= the sun's U:Ii_ . :~n'the :f.i:~'iYEJ .posii:'ti've: lap-se m~e' i.11_TiC lccn.

:i.i'''e~'iiiu· i"Ai~""'~'~~·:"1ii1I W~'G.--~-.0. It inehides the . A 'typical sotl..Ii. n€~ flOlnDS.· 'i"~(...~l bich.g.ii.con'uin5.[ U~~ '_.o:'!j.ll ~J~~l"=:Il~It1i.~..--.{ri.al~e~ The quautity of '~aJJteI' vapert_lf .' Ui" _'i"ii. is..'JI"I!' "" . '.'!. fumw.~.e._~_ .@-~"".(' l ilil.b O. bio'lo.pp.~e.iay.ycle: . .' Jayeti up '~iO several inches 'mtc. air. salts and c~'~ayparl:i"cle.~~~~e~..' .e S~~ ana '"" ._. --.-.. : lYII"I!ir.~..'~l-'iii. ~.no "'"'.6i!!~lilo .stock of' usalbl~ 'w."~'ni ~y .~lwhich. IIi.~k: f 'OfBllD1. oa eltrtlt----p~a:nNs~.r.'~.er' -.~"f"_-'.~t-.s.)-I 'iLlIluY...~. II... "'f. I.t.er-. :('0. receives oTgan~c :r]la-bter.~~=.1Il~i .S.er~ 'F'~g'~.'!i.3.us..gricul~~ ..soUis .n:la~~.]i .cyc~~es..166 per oenit ground.:.e.the .ch.lIi!i<II..!~•• J.m_'iii.·'.·i I"'~ J:D'JII.i-.iiI1i.e~tatiorncauses '~o~s." :0.!Q[I].-.I~lj ~~.a-pora 1. .tb e .4 W.--.'~ b .iL.111 '.~ !.il Wai. 1.-d- ~..stdmble ml.cov1cr and I1gricul'l]!lml o ClOPS.lle .J1r.Il1O.-_-li .----:-..i'C1ha-rg:~(raimf~nl and is the source of Iiesh water s.- 'i... 11}~ . Tile' mineral eo~np.. ilf'fI'. '\l":ahJ.1t!' h..D1~conl. covers 'lli~: :~k~s.._.C 'maUer~Hence it '~s'YC~y 'in~l'odan~ for 'Y·cgemti-on ..n.griculblJl:e and. _.Ull.tWng or solid :m~neR~1 or-.-·-t-. ~Jo'~'_~I..~\n.~I ~~ !fiJ!jIJdIUII'I~ I~{ .. . I~u.Ice~nt -= ~.-..I".'if'iI[ rar..ami. The tblr-d :Imyer' (2one) consists i):f WIe'stlUiered. n.-_--'t ""·:---.rng Copy rig hted m ateri al . :SQi'~ and good !::JI.Iir.--.t.-' .IOg~~~ ~:-. - it - .w..L JI1'. 'w.1!(lI" dm..wa -u-...~---.:'iJ.wing ~. :0:.(!d" 'W1dedy. p(l!Smv..~.f.u:.'o'D. 100 "". f :scii~.- '--'-g+:-~-".stdtin.PI~(dl 'wb'ton.. liLa< 'lIi.lr. ~ ~!fII]~'~'~'n--'p' ~I..t-.Q.IJfjDIOlSpue.an'iim~l. -I i ...truc~UIreconsJ.lJG'mat.'inA 'm-i§n.ce it." "lard: d..'Ij!. '~"~ill.~ ' e gL--.. £~..'tlJon.t...".!LlIiIl~ :~mj" n._ ul~ .J . .ebri:s.~ ../HI 'Inii'jliiQi~.i'J.ii'~I"IifiI'd-:'.". ..''j.lmUO~.aU. '!iitlmUll!aI.rn.."-~:Ll~'itiJr _ !IlIi-I' 1..IJ-OWb 10'1' p~ail1!ts.. ~)f soil which means loss of a.""... W?' ..c ma'11I!c~' and air ~~e.. '1!.~-J.so. wa .VI!~lctD ~-:'" .fI.1II.r .r~U.-_-fti. I.."1.~ii'i01 .J.rul~5i ..iilll:AlR... 0.11!.vl~m.HIi!-I. W.ii"!I..r~ .-p-'~lv VL.---. 1.U.s..'ji.l. n'f~'.:-c--Im.-I~ 1. iltll!....lO. -~'i'~'---.gjJc~l... J~~I!l.F.. 3.. ~ 0.. So~:~. ~n .F'----t-er-.d .iJl~~Jj.u.:-.t. n- '~~11 ~"I.a "".W C:~Jnl.Po:ral:on l~iO'sea.<:Il.i!lJ. ~IJ. I~~i!':.n::riSti. b()wu :as 'to.'-...t:e.u.~.~~1 .~1!.. i(.[ll. '~~'Im.a!I]'~nllra]Sm Good.e iIi'!'Ii'I""jf"." It Reckless de.~~.-Ii! me .~ i'!i.nnf1n'i~llniil'il'~ VU~tI~!I:~I:ll~Ul~'" 'i.IF g. tie ..- -:~..D'ut 'we' are Thns '_ lUl!ItS '._-.U. oceans.·.foir n:at~ and . ~ .k[i is.~.]aUons.8Jndman. '!lililh~U.returns 'i:.~Q_1!#~~I' 'n.11. .-_-..ilill.-~~~·'I'A:~~ill-"..~~8iI~ts. Uil.~. parent rocks from whic'b'SQ.!"'ii'hi... re~tums.w1(}JfJgiw'l t.---! !UIUl.. plays :m mlporm:m :ro]e . ium. . This natural h:ydr{)]o.\r~.i!!~'1i!~ 'M "" 1l'rI1~'~'_ -r-'-II--r>t- • .P " ~J: ..~'I"..-.. .P ·a!ll~~ DlIl'J.~~ m.ofJ.I~.. .~ s ~!Ili''''':-.:).l~l~ (c.:--. bwo. . l~y.0 it pmdiUilces foo.g~dcll.-..s:uresIOOn. In .Slm1osphert!!.ll! 'i-'·. 11\1. nl~~ lr·v. it~depth inereases The: to.-a and --'.. :per' ~el1!t tlr.gic~nd sml:ffer d~~dn'tegmltWQrn~The re.s... of i in .e~'~-1'M u~~ .p.It' 'i.. ~''!!I.~.oLili.f..m. ..MiirihMp\lI!(~'re:~It ~s::made of -rbe mantle of rocks.~:]. l.:'n..·~Ju~ .w.-ne ""~~~_rn:'V' j!t..J'.~~.~ -. 'n'i'.!I.:il'Il' d..:. "'-"L. 11J... iii. ._a.. mere or lec5S b~larruc~d. ].0. -~'~"!'II.\O-:l'l. __ e ''''. -" -.qmdity'" This is tile hly.irg:i '~'il'iid-'~_!lJ"...J :'.il'i!!_~ 'I!. .. :~nd!~x.....'~11 -c.is tll!e Siy'b ~..~ • ..r.-if'I. 'it. bu.5!" &iiO.jftiil~' with 'lifri. .~..- '~ ~.'~. subieeted '~'y.'t-.IF~~' · \Vater is ~s.".s..-.eneral~soil bas a loose s.1' .i'l.-.1J. ~ ..·-.. am.ill]:er: 0.'i.. '"'II ~. l'fuoUi~_j.so. A- - '.'!l.QlbU..-IGs:pu'!W.'Ij.('bacteria... ernst .t.es w'hile Ute we't~ ~r 10'[ :fmDl.[.'warte..'" 'b-~+"'·'LI'.encmed frt)...~ ..COm-iCS Hum the :pt:Wlllt reeks by 'wealtbering.o.-..tli!ii. 9S 'per cen~'~norga_n..e fur .. III~ ~'.Ir.W"~UInd '~~m:u for .e Ihaps~!rat~ :=t 10 -------- -----------------~----~~~~~~~~~~~~= e.1Ii~il.cln.''_ .n ~g.rri]!' _11I~u. "v verv '~~'m"lted.i rt-"¥ Il' I ...--.. to' soil..IJll w the 'wp' s~)H.i_.' Witli.-e ~~.tQ:ud. . ~.t.. processes while the or:g.__'. ~:.'ii5I~.re -:--.iIi['¥ v -'.m.f~ "OC~~'I.--. 'Wl'l_USj.. ii.'j:~. (:--l..-. -· tionA v.p_mc 'watter and.' '--'~._gl.L~[ti'lidC.-..---c.bi.n!t'r ~h--'~' rivers a-'-~."""¢iii:'l' 1~j_~!UI il.. :wr' .U'Sdi.~'nv rrilill.g priLn'~wv-e .~y".!liII_ "!!.En~ge qUintj. ....~L~e'P' '~ic' 'm---:III~""h-rnn~'lli~~"'!:dc.ti~s: ..c: .t..~U and 'haClt to Ole waleE' ml[lOeI.onent.'!'_'_~ ~ .'E...S.er . __ have a 1...'i'i. sui'tabl..alll:l.-.-d bios c fii.or.a. I. ind.. lei .'riiJi.S~m'~~~. '''1II.' :after ·doo'th and dmy.:-:. eloi d.-.-. ltii"it 'i"'~*.l\tuml 'rOOuCi\im~"" The .iiw. . .er of 'mU'lfl1U. :funl~and 'hmec~ts: ('eaJ~:n~unl1s). II.p~nent 18 due to :p 1mt "b]ODlilB&l as wen c as pOiP~.~iII ". • ~ -.1r... t.....-_-~.of' son . ...UJ! . stusrns and pc-nds)and 0..l:griculLure:~ cOlll'lim.u'r.r'l-"---- -~--c.. ~:.O"j<!O~' oif!II'Ii'iiiF' . .' ' ---Milii"I.-.'W'U.. :silm'ws 'bmadWy '~VOO: zones as.--_--.le '~'t: ~Ilil~ IIi~O!!IiiC~-~i:.~/IOl. Negi!ilHw.~_ .eeeween .. laps-9 'rate see 'th-t W'e . fonution) :and d.~ogi!Call productivIty o :and..llu~.P. levaJ.

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:M~1il.141d man-made soueees. gases.c.D:.' 1".- JJ' '00' iD.vil'01\ilBellt-=-o.. eee..Veg.!)Jle£U'-C:P:ID~J...ail and 'bio. liil..t: water :ftnl'n pOrwe. _ _ __ '':'. other ~eple..li~i. I _ 1~ JIWI-a. ~ Ii·' JUJlltI._. mdjia13ctiY.pmtioo..II' Ml!iljn--. !!t ·W . I "_ IINTERAC"'TI'O:""N' • .es.g.I1JJ ~I~~ l.:.jOo'~ n'f 'w':n. . 'hB.v~. " .joPf .~ l.._ 1 _.togi:!:a] proeesses used by DUU1.ID-e.o.. .~.]·'1. ':'.. ~\n·llIIlI"lfi. :poolcles :trom.y' ru'-n--iil1ii" IJ_lr-u..a:t~t SOlfICe{Sof water :poUutiGll are.!It -. ~y!IaJL~~!'a IU1.~.r p~fa[iJ(llSli 'paHution 'pes:licides.Slstest bo.ft'ilililiid'..:fOlles.ef:lti.m.. en·Jit~rung earbon :lilonOix:~de~ :5ul:phur dio-xide'[I! pmicl'es: 'DJ! oolid$ and ..ll~~d by' :industries deca:.'. '. mists.c~LJ.U.orilii'<I'iill-'~jII. :rID~Ul 'die sea:5!1 and :~a:nd.ILll '1!lIIre-' III.c'bel11~e.air poUutioJl are. 'N'atura:1sources of ai'f' pDUu'tioD..lJJ.ttnosp'ilure" ve."''''::'a'nl s """~V:I!lI'Q\I.IiLJ .. soH ereslon.. mekl l ~~~~~~~J-~r-~~~~~--~~~~~~~ "oUUJmtsi are eontriibuled by' natural . bea.tYI' vegewElon decay...£1.~:~lOFizon (S'lUb mi~) _J' r' ~C! Q~r~on H (Weat~e'[led paremt. lJi dYif):lmlc..: 1_ _I '._' . at the c~nllle of'~tle~ 'biospll.vil:y' dependmt onhis IU!lmUm~~ env~fifinnn~ut=-=41e:'Gis food iFrDm " . equHibriUtl1 'wttb.water aiild '11'00. N.Man-mad~:IOtlK§ ef .e W. oWl &I ~ )-~"_~UI. 'His d3liIDy Ufe is.:tmL. aL~~ 1 Y.':_.~c'l'nn domestic an -dj.".rvW n.. 'A"T' IUR'E'.' . particles and aeresols 0[' . '!' lbleJ'- 'E. :spmyed. 1M" 'A':" N'" i_Nee. __ iIl&~t~j ..es_. :ucr:' Y\ollcanie :icti.'... le~c.LJ'Ill:e. a.p SOli).by wind.tlliler' .t :ir.~ g._I'" _ '_.1 lllil~ Iltldlo!.eve. til' ~I..is..ll!ts tbe ten.i'1i:~]'U-.' IW' liquidls.. '.1\ Ho-~iz!lln (liC.J .f llJ]f~.etat~ilml 1.

This .'le'Vei~.t]· ~!1!'.d~ ne :1.e~.. iII!1JJo'!U"r.pc!\l1mt...i!1 .n~~~ .o.1.e~:S·llvlrOlmmelil. Go'.-. -.~..1IlJIi!ll.!II t:::..a :lB.t 50 'per' [~e'll't of' [o~t 'p!ijip~:I~!h)'n UV'i~1 ._~..-r·· Jl· ~lmn.t..8-almll! ~ i.outs~d. .. :illlelC~ IS part an!iJ..l ". . ~II "'1'.o'f: -.1~' II~ !IUII£' y~ . ..=-o."..~!tlon wn. c.."'llt'IIlII"li U".'~cullmre was[ dis:covler~d.!r'o.e Chinese :pro.." '_'_ w.lr'. education. '~I .'i!!'I:!IiIit.._ D..1 :'.if'..If"iI!._ (···:·UN.. . t I~i.·1 ..~~.if ~tll~i"i.:.in.vifoJWe. :ku .l:~ [!I.~ ...ss:~ou :£flt' Bmma. .'IL_:..Vlrilmll..W~I!~~I~I: VoJII!11 .y e· '.::-nJii.e:re.~ .5[ N. !JIJle .1!1j!~'rl '~~ ~"'1' . a piJlt{~ of Jfl I . U[I~~· t'~'r" I~.' ... 'Onl]l 2$ .educatiowud ~yste-[1il.apinfSt ttlle' hMH~€ cle:m. ~... l~). .. Pe[rspe'ctiv'e In flpi'te ~f its ur&eJlJt 1L0ed.1!i.:: .G. !~_ql"""..JI e~lPwQiJ'"e.~·-t~l . :.s~ !!!Ii'~l i!-i ~m"...w:a~en~!l~...'1<0 Ifi1'iI~ ..~.arY'~ . nIB .I.!I'i..~npf.....y n~ .__ ."..e'fon !emtn'hltii~ed 'lhe awareness [c.e" u. .~r~ ~O ".'.jle!r'l'~':.'i. IiWAIJ~IL~1j~IU.l./.--it"-.(~."~.:ation 'wbich holds.11) ~'.it~iil!"l~"'\iF!i.. the l~~op':te·'.I~ _ ~"~"""[I. 'Cijlust~utly' busy . '!' .' .. ·:·' S~b..'I. te.. ·'f··..B!rdIstm~.d. ne r!illlll'V].__.I~"..._'~_~:I\.Ji~'V...=0_.en1:mlllmlJmo. :". [engme ~Y' J.r. ·--1".a'!I'1I[.c [con~epJ~ [0" lJunUtv .I.t'·'~\:__ .-·.. . ~nc:'~ndmn.eBce of .tal :Bditlri..~. .i!!.'. ture of ..:' I yl-. .'1!. and.~ .!en~.:.-1 .iU'lidw'k.''I::p.: It is 'Wi(lrl..~ 1[~.QFl.[\J\.aU.!fUmjl~_£"- I I·O'···1ifi ""%iI. I ~~ (ld_['lgffi:)~~Ii!'~'''i.s e'duc...IL-'!!JIi..~lipii11 !!]j/ifiiI.4ci sOO_.r":a~J}on of .~l\il~ tol·._'rnfll!$i.! [Bl. -.':]'['U".!'.r AnU u..Illf:U'!I.~'!'1itii1J H .IS '~he rsW1~ng :pownt: for. .'" - emh.o.~~.le qlJa~I . o~d)er' t'() b([I~.ii'iI.· I("l"(l"")"· ..('!iIi'... .n .IIi. 'B' t Uf1Jo'rdllUa!!i.AI'U. w{n~.-1 1~"-IBlLu\lrWI='~ll IL..'-I'-'I"u e __ wt..ilesmade B.1!Jj.~.aj~Il:li 1IIHl!IJu...bni~a rle~nlins.fQnn~l edUCi3u:k~n iLl..t!ip."00 . ..1 .emp.'+:" ed .ILl "". ._. .UIlI!'U jl'ears. .n.~[-Or:iJ1l1efl!ta] :SdulClimon.n...0._ _ JiM..il!I.'I.non.1..progmlmm:e-s 'of en..[f!l:0... jl. c·.' . sarne ti .. ----~~---.e(Jp.1 ~_.le .. 5k_ '. rains and. '~. -_. :piIQ. !.~julmla. the study of Eu'yw!i()[unent i.. ...-"III.ili'tJt[~'(Jf:J'.IIIJiliiI'il"4'~ I@"""n'~ii'll:l' . :m~StSeSl~wh'O Clonstitute abo[tl. part:teipaj~ion.!ii..JI lenv"iro:n'J:I..of'the \vQrid ~o d~e .'..~le..Indi lm1 ..:i~lp-me-nl... was p. u.!Ii.r ~:I:l'virom..n. .h.al1...-·~I " " r...aJ~itn~]. iIi.v . .emt pu'b~.1'< . -""'t:" ~ ...'I:rtioilfi .. ~I. uality' q 'o.Q:{her 't1I!R..-.H'~ n.the.. .:1.~..lIIitii.iJ.\I"ii: .' '1.j. :lt~. '._C 0_ c_ JSW~ ':/'·1 :.IS:U'lIllJiII~M" .-~ '.~ ~.lllJ!L~ ""'~ w..out of 2510 'U'nlv.. 'lIE:'l·~._ue:_d ".vwb: '"If ylou :pla:n fOF one 'year.~~rt'~.mJected... li.ritam.-:-r. ~. V~.~IW' [Cjiii-en !i.~~_i~11 ....:..M'-. ': .Ii'.'· ~. t'h.'~awed.~e . I' Educati. '~9[[81~ .·l~':'~~!j.ing'.n~"".11.idtUfJ.!Il'r'llod:: aad 'ed Uf . ~ ...mn~ruiffiil fur Cl('Ulse.: 'IlIi...-....:Ii._ These l~:id. [1il_ ~m. . ..~'i'ji!jj.~.ern:l:i:Les.' n:oI[..and .. .. [-' ..j~~'..[ L..J...o!'" it .~_~\..mlu e..w..~ars.r'-' . ~1fJ .'\f' . "'~l!'!'iilil11 'n'I~~ '!""I!"nm' A'~QA . .r'~I ~~'!i'U' hoursg'I' undertake ~""'"'u'-r· ii.ic in rural amd u.JII.:lao.t'_ .Q'rb-:':..lin.J. ~.· hurnatrJ.riI!.nt trIa.V~'Ilif.I1~ in...)Io:"'I!I..g'i1~l1..i r81:I.e'J1Ce and tech no O. ~'e..1 India (~~l Et1.~!IIII!.i.U__ . '~siJm..[du[ca[tion/.(l:~~ JJ"!i.Studiies ~:n 'Indhln.-"111." '-:'1 .me '.11116 'l/U. ..· . ..:t..iIIll.-wrn1~1~.l.~.1[or ]'010-..!ir't-...1t. :aJ~ ."". fl""j. ~<1j1l:!'Ii'C:·..-~e~"!iod .Ii.eJ1U~iljt . 1.:"J'."U~..:. --'Ib-" .Ii.ed·Ie:~ a. l l~. 'T~'h-'~ U~I~I! .. . :~i. a11u. k-flwary lev:eis..pv t. "· [~:. -- 111..'I..fllld.yne '..-.tmnsport... -lifl m~nImg. LII~na '~:heF~r:st rn!temlti[D~la~ c--onferen.BS. ~~vn~lltio~ ':. ~'lal!lJmai~~~.e K[ey· 'bJ' ein.GP ~j.. nl~ u.977) 'Confemnoes un En:vlr-o~unental ..")[ e"c"'j *t·.l.~.... for '[eachhl... ~1iJ i!llf.~'[.J~L [IU."...ru~~eve]..: up e. the mast :pmspeflo~s OOUrDiiry' :hl the wOidd..tltep. This became 'prontinenit ii.k:e~s-. • - '[1.. :IJUj:t!ljldles~ rS'lldUs. Tche Bhopld Dt'[re.." h: is..' .. l:' .inlFil_ \.~Wna· 'buj.nlore a:ll'.&JII_~.y. ru~o ... one part .V'~ii!i"ii~'ilil'ici'.r.'niitnf ·hilit. 1rn.·'-c -.I!en ann l...'These ~bowed.:s~aruld3:r-d.. 'TibUsru ('ru. .I.:__ . .....' II' ..U:i SCQi~.armple in th. .. H-"'u'~ 1i!"~!liJi~1 ~~!I!!IiM~ ~:iijiJ.W ~Ar'W~."i1!ni'i'i"!ii'i..~:...~' 'mUI '·_.'. '.0lt'!. ~~ ~~ [~O.!I! '".e.srcTnretW18iC.-:1:-~ [lca l~e UJ' i!.il~'·~1l.wlhile to S'CUl lumlan ~il.J 'Of HZ.'~~~'Ollfli"rii . . . ~ . a -. W .1 namers llIJU '~'IAI '·'It'.. [iJI~H:>:'! A '. -.U li~d !OoI!'!l.rbl.hiUlnder.~'!Ii!!~ ""~ IWJ110.n'I.y o..'Mj3:..uum"He cam. Ul_~!b~.~.~U~U.-.qu~l pdorilUe. If yO'II' p. .U':nivers:i'ty (JNU)j.n.~ IIj. . ~'h-. .~'·. '~ndlIDsitl.y_ over 'N'..i'!i./.. J I gUlltlJ g~l!il\il :~i..!!..nre .::___.~..·..'lt:~ [~m':·· i!li!!. . . . he'~dat: N'lew' DeUli. PrlnIJlti:'vci man Uvoo in.ii./.. n~i!. 'for' te:ll y~ars.·. :moulflt.1 ~1~¥UJ b"iJ!" J: 'I··...' .iI". 'II .-.~-'~'ul1lull-a~~.lI.:-. BUill c' [ . . :FJ-nv.." '.: .·.e 'Oll1r . el~C" ~i'.-~ - Ol...II."~I"...5.~s.:f Ule'.~ -~.f...1· ..rO'nln.-. ~~."'1 I .. -~tl~~IIiI'~:~~ 'Y!-'~~I1-' ~~IIr~. paJiC~~ [0 .V.' tuc [-ril-'\"' .~nu D1'an~ !il-.~.I.arn .n~: .L..Jh! .V. ..f'Sil . .~fll'p(fn'V.l~ '·'V'-·'·'···'! 0 .. ':[ on.we: -.~"ffo:~·l"hn[:II-m··Co-~ltt'~~~~~e. resnlt ~=-a~1 .' _.enFs ar-ound :OOU.' .·.iIJI'~~'II'.Ai -_ .vn~mtion sinC8 '_ _' "=.f luJa ....~in CI'. .' '~t .Q1~re· '.~ .• nl~ll·[...~-1·'--:~:' ~be< need of [en''1~fOnmen'~'~ awareness . .:1 r" _ ~.ll~CliIJ... ._ ~[g['?.'~'~ I!o...~ t-.-..~U~ ..v. e ~o:rg(hJI.~. plaut r.:..~~ . by lndj. ~'.fIj. ~_. P ~... ani'Ya] on ....Silia~.'rn.[!II-I_-ll.--:m·.. _.~ngl1!~S :~i.1.tlnJlnle~..~ E. . -.dl": ..~ .l ~ ~~ dlev'e~.. .'!i.UVtliU!~hl"-U~~~ "IAI UlU .s~ICompa.bk He He t .Iif.!!iii ~ '~iril'i'd'ii~!\"!'t~:. EDIUCA'..'{'Bei~gmde (1[91'S) and.-III ...". ago. W\lj).-.~.. .-gjj J_~U..-V·1t.vironlll:tental Bd~lCai.t~()naID sy~tem :3Jrodal~jJ[ m(}u.t'o'!fII. and s1.-~ ~-..1i -.v~te''~be getil.il:J ~ro·i......J! ../i ._ e:rn.1I~.in . ~!Ii . '!i>i. OJ. ~.~"1!'1d' I p..'~".' 'e~.l!J!lJj..I 'n iIi"~.n.tt (l1~8:5)~[Dle('~llmli~sa'tirnl in. " ..~'!i111!'ItJ outer :]'''li'~''Ii~.. Env'ironme[nrtal IE.. .~~.k[een :~Il!~efesJ!taKen..f [out edJu~ca..0:.·... 10..DU~[Ql~ ui~ _ll]Jl....JiCe-ptton aJbCfIIt" ed~eld[on.. ~ra.~""i. ·~~IJ !!r.. '. .""qr.nmiIUWIiUl.. [out lD' tlb~ coml.il~" QII. (I '.~.BllDlrumaillJH!uuil1b t&.P...E..'~.:__.!.1). . . -~ .rern..1. .n ~'II . '_~ -.. _Ii of.and uoW}.. ~ ..y_~: ."11" u. ·. . ~'1'~~· ._1....:•..t~ ... .~I..p_:a.foml.-.".'.llrl... . eo ic i-~i.. Copy rig hted m ateri a! .vm.llJtal wutal'non at: ..NTAL 'TIl'" -l·i!I!~ [~.--..ng '~I:1L'esp~r.. ··_'j'."·. and .] no'] .f. .~1~.'[· YII.]' n.. e' .ii. -.·. .~:tlli'i..1~dMmai Jiev1olution 'w'I.·· vi]'.·· <1:" =. u.IlWl~ CU~.. lillEIUIi~'" lilillY-_lJI.1~lS un .'!f.-e. .tJave~1from.:~. ~1. I.ilee.. an I~L.s.. 'Ib~ b hue: [o.t~"Jf.a~111..'~ . f the sOC~lelt.1lfter the .no. '·:n.s.J1.fu-.]·. 'P' -"'i" "~' .i W~ 'm1.~..1 gimng 'e~.. '~I ..'" In .'ot~c<tingh~rnse'~:f nd :tllis faocully' . .-"'[ . :0'1'lI'. [~ Iii.'f}'..'t.iii.'lI1 !Ioi g ''I!..w~ non-'Vi.l:iUmlon . ..~._p ··..~ C"'Ii"!iiI'~[Ii"\e'~' JILL~ ef u *~n'fl:.e~..[1.~tIi~lIill.1iiII ~ iiiIi_W.' c·.n" '!l.~t:v[en'®Q .s~condllrY' .WIWII~.'O~l'!\i...' I!i.r.ii[·'II. =__ i'.~:I:·[.e\ll.ulon.rgely ne.s :~houl.~y~. .:m. !:I. :11-.J.f11.I:[I'lI' UIIU!''!A'.!I'l. :-'.-. N at~lm' [and upho'~cl.and educad'on..(t....: .i!.~= --~-'.d_' ..~ ~... . '" ~ ~.' :Ma 3!..'..A .~~. est iillii"io!i·"~I-l~ >i1j.c:e ·nll~ t"'" rfe l.iII.ip-llundjn_g. ])..the Ma.unes Wa. iIed "_ "'.s primI. ..an~Ci~~tarbg~t'the sun.~. .--.g'Ja'w:a'harml N eJ:liliu. ~.. -.~ I'WY ~J~Y L.. SlCI... ':..j!..1~~[liId'U..o[r sreMl~. '"' . '.' al'iIll." )'r)'. .V." . .'1" '~~n'1:'2't"oi'fiilt"ltill11""'~I.~ "'f' 'i)' 'I'.. . Did 'Ilia!f 'W.1[1 1r.. man devised ~ ~'[IS..and tbe SecoOlid C'tlnfeten'~eam so' :a!t N'ew Delhi . aTreu :mhoult ellVUOmIlel1td awarerne-ss" T~hjswas fo. a.!I ..tlon W:lS.i. .~g..t .~~·ov~~~ .'-[~~U '€III!: lillcUa .~. 'tii 'bl'iOw!.-[unnal.imthm.etlml fi..'IB.ttldlm"e~-_ Ide p.i!l ~1IA.ED OF EN:V[R'OINM'E.!. _ ~.wri...~~~:S ·~!lF ------. in.ve-s and looked i3)Jt tlte' fortes of N~~ure'\viUl.=Ii~~IIJ~ ~u:ll.•. e:rt'l. . __ ......1 u ..b -.140) 'runvlentinlll .~tDr Ci~. u W ''r-'Y v: 'l!." .. o The: pe..:If .-···.S. __.der. also wUd :~mm~·~s tbe -rore~. 'wak[.TI!O[NI ._ . tel)ttUe :~ndustl'Y~ ad.J._ t~"-"[ .~ .+~.

---"nl~ W1l~ . .'00 . . r."'.j..--" nen. ..·t· .II.and Scieailce) in an eoUegu . ~. for inltFOd~c... UR.. .- '~"'~jO!..=-~'" of '12 . .. . .. ·w·as mflsti'mlm (CPCB ._- .:...--1I11:!1i.le.::: 1l!!jllU~!J. 'I~'-. . -.. .S-l.Ii ~..'..'~ Y:_..ID1D · . ....:1 .?' '_-_ are .. . it.. S~liDO] ."'iiiD.a~'R'" MIll ." dis~lvMed..ui. 1 _ '- .." 1 ...f the envimmnWl'm] cnsm aU [O·VllT'the [coumJ~'. .III~II. _ .Science-s Wld oJfem M~.WOl.veJSidu.' tm' · o· ~n'l"li 'l"i.._ .' .. . • ._II'Un~ ~~ 'ii'il-!1'--.w.~and. .Y ..".uuJJitlu:irrv Un:iiv.) B.. .!..~~o.oume 0.4~2.}. md ' cduc..iI ~. Ic~'-'--pt)..' '. .' '.".J.. __ ..l~~·Oi'...• I.HV.e.-"-.Le [ .. I· II/" "\AHJ [C. [~)foon:flsion.. 6. 'L" mteotatlOF:l pro.--..'." i ih. rt . to MiSP0[l\ij.I...-:...30 -year I!pisadu. '-'0' "". _".S~t._ .' . I.. ~... -.n ..'.:: ' '.'.. _. . "..-1'n. Slates. " .f' :1g·ilfitVllt'~~~li5!ftt:.~~ ..-. ... . -'. .l!.c.ti ~ .004.. • ••• .uatfl :te:vil.. isnd.iii.w._l d-t'".CI!m' au. •. " . _ .:- ·.• 1 •. _.t·•••..-.-:I!-.--~W' . . U~!lillI! .-." .iIU . " &''!!.-'''.-.: _ I _. _ __ ".ar-ei~SleJlrtiJIII..'1 .-.) 1 ]..gm~s .·· .' " .. :lIn~J.... . .-.'!i'\I.'UrU. = Central :Boam [(l.".III1f·~IIl.o··'·'r· . .J!1iilII}S. ~iil>i:o.._ _ .msitv etc nH"er cou[..__ ' ' .Q·f EnvFronnlcfllm] . _ I. I.~~el.. . 'S Q.~ 'N'·::~~e .. peTicn..E:·n?¥~'immli"Diat: '_der-.STIIO[N..::·.m~c· --".A.ola~ Urlstim. LUll~!D \' u --- _'" - ~. J.IiII.. .lLV~::111 ~DllUl.. 11.smdeJl!ts presented ii.' ··~I.y. ._~· .""uu .. 'i... __ !. 'm"'. .e . _ .\nnc' ac.-.•1.-.' ~ .. b~ 'iC'i1i'ii~. _.of common . _..[lO~.J'~ [u.. :fo[' various stre..ti01l15 lu inmmuee the course on Bm.~ .1i U _ *.. _ . Dr.. mu' iestabUs'hcd." . (1'97.. ""}.JJeel..~) _ .. _I '1i!." .. . " . _.!Il~ "~.'1.f ·the ilt ...iil11ii' III "''I ~. . ~'o. . ' '" - .. _ _ _ _ _ .( mma Seed in 1911 . - f" [ll.'.~\r:!.[ m-·. .UJiU_I~ .-. ~'---.'..'--rts':..IOJl.. " ..1: .." . e'~n'bdnthe H'udn)~. U''1'. VPH1l.. '.". _" .'~' '1':heJ"··. ~.u .••...~: ~. . .o~icw --Cvele.g: m......=-~ • ~ .. -.. .. view' lo.'H!"'~.Ii!' :b'l!1 ' •.. ¥..'....W !(Ii.-" ..sceDari:O._.of'me' Urd...-. sess~o. illn l.~.Ptnor' .UI..rl. gmd.'I.~ t. "..Q'Uf~ ~~~-e .:ilJs~h~lie (b) P10Ulllltio~.' .1!..Uer Itll:def:~ tll.ueveiolun. .pH.o.gHI:?' C_lILJI...e' S!iIlrUJ~I."'d.. ..and CO~ltro:i of' :PloUution Aot.i'. . Mlb eCIl·JJP':~iameo.11.'I.oWJU' ba :-..Be. .. iulii~ I -II!!I~.. ----~ c .. . dimcti\~e.the Sunreme .vtronmental S:wdres at m~puate and ".) .t0V£hS. D~~ . _. :P.'·· '-.1" ."'--" .iIt . I: eachin-.aU CI~I'F:S.i']'fP' .. --~/" -_ . .M' SC~):..' .v.l!due~t~ol1 Copy rig hted m ateri a! .0 0" W!·. . "' j. I ..--.• r'·" ...••. ." . .lents. IU~~gr.ot1.. ~Orles.. II... 'Blmmnts#.r.::__ '. m'C--fti'i.DI.'.il" . _.~_"_' J.---<:-'~.vJ.... .-"-'-.."in~. " .Courl: 0.. .I!1..!!!..." E .....iI! [IiU .1 "_."..t' .' resoueees orr ". a..e.~r .."h' 's . ~I~_. .l!\~tsi'frl![.... ODili I~i (a.~~ _ aed . :POUutMts (e) Im'partamc~' 0'( Environ1lle:nm~. p..arioug.. •..!IL1V ' . _. U. __ .. ' .nbe· dle 'Envkomnmbd _ . .w ~ _ "-I~"" . M' Pl1i~iLl~tI1FSeS m. C'mb"lal 'Governmemt. _p.."' Ai .1.J. .._ .~.iin! eame jjn~olthe~n-i:c:ture "'fte-r a. "..j1 the ~eaChers and ..1~.''.e.· .('-. ..~..e:.. . 'd 0'.e:rseeon~.1il' ". n~U's~rateand. .ve:n~~s. ~ril.d.il.e Supreme C'oort 'issued 'f[esb dil:-ective' :in 2:fJ.. M·' !.-.1': proper c -..--.•. 1 I l ...iiC'M"1 ~ILIL ':-."..!!J J" .. .a!L-er '.we" - ...-.iii.'. In'co·. . .. .' r:1.tlQl...wj~ Ill~e. 4· . _.. ·l·. -'PI''1~ Show the mU profUe 'witb ·the v. .ges (··..Q.I. . . •••.tion .. .~n'4·..I:~~ . tor The Sup'feme' ICOurt: arO'~.1 '1. :iu .i\'Ii. . - ".. .. '--'. l _ _.'iIfiii 'liiJ!t""~.cf).. tu ·the. ~uj'tab~~ '{elilOoo:b.IlM..---:-. '...SIlU.'. .anm (Ads~ C~on1tt1l~".. .~. in Enivi'FtJtmlel!ti1J :kilencu.1\ UI. m' .11. if'i. r' ·~.~.~ .. .dI1 ·if· :111...._llill Ii.'9114.'iIi ....". .1 '."-:-. .a~. I'llg~ii.f PmvemE~on . lU~e W.' " • • Ii t!: ~L ..jf..J_'~.I.IUE._ .Q.. __ .'. ". II.

.~ ~ _='V .so:mat energy') in.C01lllf.""" I ellV.. ~~.2 .~Jl'ism5i) .ll!WDem).8 . •• a1 IDIE.··. ..YimJl(liU~i1t~~.h~·f:caJ -= .f .b lte~J!~1!i.UOW' (. ..~.)oin:~. The deco..' d~sco:um. PU'IIIJ!Ii!\I'llliii'-i~. ~~_. is ~riYOO.~_ _ !il!< substanees: Il.(:"~.s.~~l..1 disso~v~d.F~NliTl'O.]jdins ~D.Ig.gy 'i~.'..N.e'rIj-..absDtbm.~.~imc:b~ivle ' on.iatmsihip8 ~r~iv •• : OIJ~is:ms. "I!.mlrrDn!m.-'-''iV•.ch otile..11l.~~ !!i!!!~.._ ..~l1lJp1(y' :fOod..cien.]. water ew.:: "'iiiiI!'Jiit''iI1i~.1 rmJ!tter: (vi) miCm~D. ( (iw.L lib.1I.at"es~ blHl1!IDC :sub5!tan. ...organwsm.1~eliJpJu"t$ 't1:mC em mmtda~m~ 'food iii· .s (a~l.G.J1 Yll D"""ncy' nit"~ '~'!f'IId" "I.n1BWs) and o:fb~neX. Y.. L"jf"-vn.lE~m pblJl1ts.:like~ Sl1![Ib\SNDCe.~~I1Y. .and tmir pbyrsical....aJ . ~\Ii:'I.~lolm'en~~.iJlfill m~mures. . for DlCr(HUJU~meD.cc. A'ily umt• are [~l'''''W"~~~y'''~~~:!!iijjJ\Ci. !!. mfe.ms. substrate .1:"~~:. . :mlitdy' :aJll~mals..' .om~ ~.and.O~·~}G.(. . .~d tiJSSiu~s 0. ulvlu"". :in :na'~ural e.of' tile r:e..'!< gU""'..~Ii"i'~li ~ ..i.rp1'1ie ma'~ter' aoc~mnulates ~~n.mposers.. :95.N: " ~ .~.t'ed by .ECtlBystJ!m . -- • .t'.b~creria."!!YI"". 'water .) OitgaDi~ oO. base for 'mfowtb): mJ:IMdim~ .islti EmSit Hae-cke:l inl:810: "!:s. Olc sJ.l.~.me' lI.••.IDew.~ mld :a-.. .o\r. eensists of' oc1.is --.gL-=-l-- 1lhe :m. . l.mpG&WUCls. ~iv.~ J].=-:Ite _ _ ..Y""lili.l~ ofa ~'_a-a.--:.. fb...[~" '¥'.se~(-susmmnrung' .B.' • IEc'-(···. 'k(~~~.deQ(}mpo.etc1•. J' r. tmtt Hie utili:sed. I' Hl_.. ililiH.) itlrv. _~_ '. .m a . 'ii'ii. B'ftother "rirIe wordl'~. - I...'hUe the iQiteMe... !i'J'~"'~T~1i"II1 "JIJ.""'l.~ h~mrotnlp'hi~. . ' tT:t.' .. ~1...'!')"".e't room ~atkm.~i.. ieM.L'!!o. or he®erooo-pbim.cr . O'miiZ'\li!'l'lOlIllI\'Iid·! ·"-'~rv-... --.IJI3iL\. -.~ct i .e-nt ..!] l" .__.-.-.·j"'-a'.~j'~~i The.1ti'II._U" u.U i.~.tlJi.·.ie.es:ii1~.i. .. _ ~ w. iI!f! I 1 interactions <of 'the mfUtcrtrop]~ic 811d. ~theJ orga__:_nimlJS or .fir "1 l' !If'~\~~ ~ ~~lI\l'n l.lJ ". . _. where ..:::'.~it'. iUlat :urI1C.:I'.i!!~":~Jip:' _ OOO.c'h~Jl1t~·.Jlct~omm.. -..or]'O. .b ottaiw.eueriY." ..'L.e}~ The i.' (0 "v) be:teirrOlm.~~ .g'~nt c'arbon dioxide.~rWl~ IWO Ii1imi~l-l:!...titlc stu-dry . The ' a-. '~MOO:b. and (:iv) pT.se~Ii1m:~al mW_jl1lenM1C~of :00..seD~ mai~y . ~~·V~IJ' ~~r~lIIo~ ll!-li_~~ ~. """.. ~i!iI~ ULL"" '.lf" w. ~ ~'lfc~.~OU~oo:ml~JIllmty":' '-·'-·=-..[iWJ~i.1' ~ifb PFO~~~. ~Y' bNW~S: dQ~.:.:!mc lneta)'OOUsm ecears in.f v n. belt~ :~~Tatn!.[ 'by..'cu'~Jmra].e o:rgUliSnlS W.(!.e :~ne~. !Y ". .OO11le~r$~autD't1[ophlc~ (~..~'the' ~cosystem has the' iuUowin. :aiilfiy" U~Q< __ '. ~~fti~'~I.ronu-"". . .."'.S~"The: iu~~etlo~l i~. .Ilarttou~ate: orpnj1.g: rC1ln'Sliiru. .Al "". yih----:-e.e (t'ei. .--~.' ) n. :mngi 'whrue. "-p.:f" -:::..e\1\~Iit. Uil.).ees ..IJUu.i j _~o.S.ye~e~. .~t! _'.1!e .. .:o.~-.{rYID. J.I!ft!'I. .' Th~ (n1~MliFliI hOllle) :arnd t'l~g(}s~~ (meMil~g:sJmd..'''.'" • . ~".. UvLng nfgmisms 3:110 vwee V1ersa. _ .ji : .gyis ~(V~i~ah.vsteJ:s -terrestrial.c ...the ~UluJ:lWic: !Jj.'Ofi~_U .&obJlj'~' was coined 'by iii IO.' .ll.!t.iii.'01!triSilmrfl13lr.": ~fIl~IHIL~ '~I ~I 1~"""l"Ii.:.. ·····:.¥~. I~xtm-cwd .o:fuer 'pb.V~rQfUnent :ruatkr hsve 'C~~OH' ]Drtem~~llnt es. -'.-'.os.""~IIA#~~.'il~'t.' 'f!iJ] .ym..···~:'y'·A···..mte: honnWlel.~".-'J' -.O:~l togelYi~er \b.]II!.·.Ib en _ on 'me .a. of v.)'J~CaL~. . with.iifi~'~ '""t' 'I.. -" Copy rig hted m ateri al .~UW .865 amd die<6nw. '[. .. organic Ulilt~F.. t~b.. :iru)tpD1t ~sl!lJbsmnees Icarbon~njtto.--:-Tf''''.O:~~::L.and 8ed~IDeuts\.~-"s"<"YS'-'TE ..olileu. o soU!).(pMiteius\. _ _ ___!. is 0" IIJIJOI1i*enl.'5'l}v]rooment.iIIUcIJ'I!io\i!. bty in :remOrWj(l~d 'bj... Clonduc.y ~r. ~r. . ..~o"'tm-I .smem and c:yc\~lt~1 eco.:~Jj!o ~.. ..I.J! . the_ efiV'illu]]m~mt'has an. depef. as of'gmi~_mLs) :and ah1iati~. '" 11 "". V >1!11!.G: organisms. ]" -.lir!tlown. 'by produeers ..lJt) organistniS. The majo:r autotm.dl.'InJl.i.. :oom the rCim. ft~m' I '""U'~~'_ !C'~'nfIiJill'rl.~.~ uridl th~ir:~li.~~r e.. i'norgallic nUJmeoJts.CDlWD 'h~ob)igi8t Haans Re~Jt~ur l.o~JOigical pomt.)'~teD. _ _.'!I"" -... '"" Fmm ~1Ui"J-...):'1 air.-.. .cOlier 'or8~S11lS. bi.!IlI.g. W IEiIC.rtlteto~. m'hibit OE 'rtkait: sti:~uI2~H ''"!'''If. each ether III.e~m.a{-.~!IM!: 'tt''IIIl U'.re. .phm..:!j '-1 '-I.in I~Qo[o.:l!url. . D... 'Q'~i.iI.i'i.'!o.Wi 'w:~th ~_be~ '.~.".~"-.b -~---rel~~ll~S' . th~¥ 'W~tlt '.2 "'" .'i.bo\~:lsmccur in the :~OiWe'li' '~brolWnbelt' where o.. {h~uppef "gre-efl..~.".--------.~. .A. 'biotom:c. r fI-~-hwate--..we.. el" .00 . b~ll\mtrtlp':hic cmnponenms .CII~voo. Tille} a]so .1:11 the 'biotic 'ootmmtln~1y (livm.

a..~jQii.ves.tl!le:balwlu:e :~s.. Ii'~ t . .~eiC'O'lllpose:mmera l' ." '~dl~ IndiM. O~f ..t!i'~ 1~1~_..Hs:hnlem .e lame-ape. ~I Tf't1dl1..st.s.s.ABba."" .I~·ogIY' 1 been . ..of ~hl:Imt w.iIi"\t'iI...n"C~: 'wiU be ~l'JSt and 'due eIl'o_re ~'iyiimgworld.. ..mg ·th@~r· food b. tmjmal~ and man 'Yilflo d.iie.e~Qpment:of 'lte 'eouJ~Jtty l.irodr.trummt1iUg tile earth fof' about 3..j!!iH!!Illt' 1 ll'ir. ·~.mes~s '1 '~1~a1.M'Jf' wibldh are y.l¥ :prov1dmg: geoos· ..rl. and anLma]s.. '" .iii!iii" '~jfiiI~~ [L~-lL!t~Il:Jl tI~jlY~~ ]-.rerua] U!5.ve tIJ 1 :[ J1 'IIi" 1 01..y :1i. . .Md. . era .. I .~Ot~10phi~ Scntum ~. wUl :sutreJ" Tile: dynamiJc 'b.ofCst..4! ~iifii'i"iffii'!iL§]I. up Bet."":~ ~ga~d.. Planm c'Onsti:tlU.Vltiu 1 00 1e ~niWJe:WJJ.. m~.:d effect on.t-~~~1 :smhsj5Kn.sytultbe~isrom l18!NliFe 'and.dOD..f~ii1ifi: P--:]-'~lnJi-..4 •.~stSi . ·S~~J 1_1'_1 • __ i I P.g~.yrd~'s :(0£ :ftn~~5. fb.e '\v:mCJh :pro.~~'~~1' ~M~·~ ~_!Il~~ '~le:ms B'liJdo..count-r. '£lt8. there is . :FI'Guce ·Zlr..'11i" I·t is ·~f·e:~~:"~:i~).iI': . 'tlhieif' de:stmction pro:hi. .ted . I(. a '· . buUt.. U1e p'~ar~~ odd :for their fm:ul If tbis.).e·q-Uidity . (c!o.J.et ~IO 'be dlooowmd..nd-1 Illll.k~ ordered Ul~ es~8J'b.\~~!I~:~ . -E'Ul!'ll i ~~'igf. phtl:iJ!tsw~w ghl\tu~.depends.b~' 99 per cent . '" .em~Moreover.grmtlit. attNurnl .. E. w ratie 1(99 ~:1) 'is d!~stumed. 'the' Ufe: support: ~y. AUI.m~' IL~l'V I].~ IP"oir'es't I!co.cr his grandm~l..edba'C'k mtu· p].. 1"'·.and.. ~~di.~·~lI.'~i:"'~!ii!.~gra'V1ed ~..sa...~]:so . Th~.II P~.bi.earth'~s lhr:mg ~ies whUe: the .~~n :e. whereby 'Ole: entire biosphere lSI 'in dailger. :ilmusfty...I/JG an of :DJaDu£a~mr.s. SOl ··~I·n.and nl:aim1.~}v. tW..~.mmunrewt by N ...C.g.Vtll~tI _ .w.~~!U eeono:my IOJ( ih1111 :li.a~1II m G)~ssi\and ~S)'. def[rr~tatj.cy of ~-P~milJt:au..oodlf.1 . fm oomme. .'):t. 'Ir' 11 . (i. Uie : .J I~Y .e .IQe~lo9i~l· ateirr·!.a\·period..·-.Il~Y~ ~_]l~y ~~~I~IU.' pbot~-.~t~...of .e.f nn.~I.SDc~tuarljies (al1:)[rtIJium"a.t eOlVer.Jma] genes and medicinal pbmts: most ... But: 'w. from m~dldle~ut .n....a!.t}oolo..ancien!! nlQ~~: Ici:'viHsation f10uriihed in fon~S!ts..t~"" ID . g....'"'i)' !~..cts.~ ' ~ ..-I! . FOr..susi~nlnce ..~a!lts ·U.O'f 'eDV.npfJli€r.0 hUUan :yelrs~'r~y have 6te tmiq. also oorl1trlb~lte ·mt1eh to the dev.:[~dia had aJb(nl.t :80 pe c-ent fo~es. .: priH.S: 'J' W]-..'ii111"'-i.... ~Jth.a!liDm.f~r:e5~~ cf .. tree. the rest of the liV:~rl'I·wotld. '!ll'II~ii!'\ntW' . ()... up b:y' outr iri~'h~s~l (rseeu).1 b.6h. !Ii!iiij 2. (. 'ilIiffl.aldn~a'~5! 'were 'nated.YleSi\.llic\r~Elmr~&mB '. '~'I]~.ild.r:est 1 per cent: inlClude.merJ) ba~ter~a. :phnOSlOpl1Y WM.....aillts bI.exerting benc1fim.pte . Qme to Inma.oo~ AWfUind 3000 B·.s.W\e\t~..ess and ·tbey chang~d t'e 'viho~.l!WC\I... '... :1'1.. '~ .s. me4iem.a~ 'biori@s~r.'~s.of·h.co. b mees.-Hl~ t:M."1.... ."'"'".8[lj1. Into ~~elllle)]~ wttlch are icyt~.l)jl ·then '~he'11Iiw_mm.~['f~~~ :prodJu.[J !iilI~...ooople.by e'HlltinatiOfl 0" p.~s ~y..a!m~: UtIwal1iW reSfrJllmtreR and: :p~ay a 1k~y role in :inlilrD·ving 'tb..HI!~'G1!!. IOiWlll f on item.on stone walls pillaR 'in tl~i:s.d 'mf!.gtc~d c:ri'SH.· their food :md ..it...ies 'wbtc'h \Velle' degen'S and.atnd services 'W :peo.I.ste:m lli~~-~~~\ti II!Lf.in :part~cubu...istof!(emperor-ChaJndnlGupta...e: and care 'wllUe 'ne-s and. .Emp~ro[' A~~df~Q.~ts.'.e P~mll~'and ...ms.epend on. l :Durim11g: :theMallll}..1~ lo.. -..ptUf-eS.r"uler'8')~ Oace '.sl'til~" MW wild .aIa'occ 'is mnon_g' .. Eores't.V1ii3iif!'_ l~Qw'~-~!J! t:m'. ' .ou..j!i. tve: 'dle 'bieasme WIDe '0 Vi\l)uabJ. J )"' Copy rig hted m ateri al .ih~·~.op~cal..

IIJ..grmmne 5'h.."".I@~ .tal £~mstty''lor 6rewood 'w:hemby fhe q..~-riil-r-. -'~mds sh'O:uld be: 'ut~Hsed (Of wc.Ii. J.• .Gm'ol'. ". .~ .1i1lill iF U:~'!F.pUlJ'OOei specic-s.2.~.~loweV\er. . :€O[' .wlu. 'Griti.iIi 'Villi. A'iI!i'rn'i!olilic'ill"". Tile Porest PoUC:~J f 'fl~ Go~emmaJJt .~\C! 'if'i'iL-ii" :'i'i'.. . W~d' '. ol!pnisatioM)1.. 011.mt\' ... Ind...~.able 'It) :Il'u~e-tlib....i'!!tli!Fiifli'll'i~...bltows~ ("i) ICOJll~'cnw:"."J'lJrc.ffi"I"·g.t!'::i. '.gmml.-".I'.. "..ua.!.' -'Ii.:!l ~ .!."!iOo'~ TIt:. '\V:es.'~\'" . .ownJc:~~':~s.. 'this l1D not been..e.-....\~Q" .JiW g..or fur imduslrirl~..tt:d' EduC'Q....fI!iia]' ·m. p~'b:li.nl.n . ~L'DCOiI!ii..1 _~jj'!i!'i y~. 1I.fUl'5~ Icgvi~r' is. Muslve afifores. ':: " I ". :I~ 'baed..prOO~ce fire'woOO. :~.~~~.O'....~ .:.n.".~~~.".~'''':~llI3flfitd' IJ.Pil.W. ".1iI ~~"":. ---~.f!!Jt'''·'I'''''''''. fO . be: dOle: :in. •.--'" Th.i'L.2) '~a~ddown dmt M... nl'!i~p.UillIi!W .ying goods 'aM senicm.l'''''. nme.agriiCul:turle'~. and. I~ .-.:...cand COmnl'Dn (priv. H'.... as :re. .~iifii. and.'"W"ft~'il!(.. ~l~..lal' . "in. .] pel' cent: of' our o :~an. . '~jt..~ - Copy rig hted m ateri a! .t :ftJd~K~ hit.tenl (i:htl!1ig..y :~2.ta!tiGTIJ :~hotajld.DJ)t 00. JJ. J "":..in illeR areas.'i..y loUoweel...HiC' forests.. Umbel:. II!L 1:.~ 100: ·AI .' ~ 'where! Cillf m.: medIieBie ew ~ _!!l'J.~ ·1I!~¥I!!I:l~Ji _' '-qu 'pa. ~!t!' .f :fimwood~ ~r' =(1..lyu~.. .·tiIQ.t".iJnt~ed F.1~ ~:UA 1_'] . ._. ' ~'.~ [ ~J in'Hl :"'i"iiji...I. SIca.. till' .I~~em_mem. msourees aM 1000. ~!!'iifi' ~"Yi. er eent 'W:e: ave a~mfi~t p & ~~hoo. .~.odu'Ctifj.ll. .oif l~~B. 'iimllfil IIIc . 1 " '('.:: I -. ~e~.ese' ioou'~d be . 'wjidll1¢ result 'Otait: 1311: :p~=lilt: t~le . tIOt:oi'!!' 'TiI.. viz.mnc1Jed lby' :1.iII nO'..smoum. FaUow '~mds.of p'iantslshnlcs 001 'that: e:v.. 'tri~it'~S~ :.·~tflIi ~Jill.. t'tle p~aiw."" ~.•• __ ' ..d:ed.._iI! .i. 111!Il.1' Uomied :~~Utrvl:. ... eJ1[Vlw'..sarva.JF~~4.)!a..IOI-"l11~!IIiI~I:'!: .d.'~(lnlcnmmereial fures~' '~S ":rmbln. YiUIIUIIli.tsInd NG:Osl (:In}n''''..11 ~"'JII~!!I.-""~I!iINI. .alt :impuJ1Mtt: oo.-.u.~.'mai-"mtnoo to .sing: 'e~~~ '~.tS'. ---1Id.y can be etlhaneed'iby' n-r-o-~ -_.~~...~~ . .''$'C\.<~.llrlilii iI. the Hima].0 ·tinJber~ :plywlooo~ nnJb::hwooti"..'ftj. 'be ~ed €oF' :UJ'i.. 'I:Ul' DadS :o:f'tke ~ :fore:st-ltased 'i:nd'lJjsU}.-~-..l~ ~ It high...IiUl..e~'Y' vUm. Dc..... tilE".' ~--J [}.i'~I~ifiJlij'!. IW. ".~ :an~ o..'!.le..~.].Ii'''.i'ii~ (.tef' ~i!L 'B'.'" These . sman. l ..~~I~. :is: .I~-U" __ ~..!!. U""[ U'. V.·AI- ~~~L~I ---~----- _.altitude . small timber' :fo!' mml peC)p'~e.eh.o~~~ 'no( allowed .-. Y' '(). lU)lrodw..:"". . make ...C~penltj..'!!II.p..~ TheR· are . :forestvy is 1ll1mnt :fbr su.U'nuI..'!!o'." ..ollld 'be eo. ~llso' area6.e.iiiii' Jj .el!lure:ly mr Q(}nmlen:~al . (:195.plded.()''r:utr.!l! •• ..il"!i..-.~~\o~ l':!li .ilIi) c. ..--. Caslten1."I.ll.l "".or'~H!i~s. and. .i'.'.rpDse~s o :meGi[.tiOfl Sltrat~gJ'.. POJ!8$.. '•ILU!U .areas .~~~c~~*l'i.~..fur' fiJie·wood.W '~ifJl'1"iI'ii."_bw...~. as f.1i"'-_~L! _I'!!'!l..·:~ Y."~p .~' Forests'."' ...~ 'ift1ii~].. u-:·-::tlJr tb: los~1m..~ [. :i'htn:dd be otuler :fore~t: 'CO.iII. fibre '00_ ..~~ !lim"""" 1:.f '~d..(mom Umn 1000 ..a'Bch~. $:liWu·e~t:ed.. thtilr.·t· C'·'Q ".gJ'.o:_..l!. .'. . I Ii: .QI/el"lfe' 'Il\i'O .on·nl.]-. ·[~t OOVI':-Jr.g.'~:IU:~""-UW~1l. kJ :MeIM: Ute: ve~' ~c-reasin~ dtlni~ ...~l :sm~~ 'which :m1!lSct: L ~!i'ifii< ... 'fodde.f.~m .u:nru.. .•' 'L. OOunlB ot . '[eq(dretDents [0....'~I-M.I · En'vi:r.~v~~~ lm . ..-r...and :pl!dp~.ted..nlent -..h~~~..~w t.~~.I .'~~~I . "..~:.oI!."..C .." r . 1~1 _._t_.~ lnm:~affe.' '2' F"ores.' .:.I. .~ .I11].~_. ..ve' 'system inchmdlng: fiJnn. . '.. I.' .Soc:~a:~forestry.~!..e: tbiRI i.:' 11tae am :Iess :feni.----.n. ~ iC!!i. blw~. imp~o¥es. 'ii:""!Iry"'II"S.fi!rnm:n!ll-·it •.iI.~ '.f.~:n~.~m ~ile n6ibl~Il~. ~ "~~~H't('! IIu.F. ik"'. 'Nloon_aJJ 4·xn'In-::iliril~~'i" ~'·T""""~~'U1. p:~IC~.~g .it.ef· fibre Umhe:r. .volvil1l muUi. ."!. Thls..and$ 'can. .IiIf~. - ~ - _ •• ~jj l) •••• ~ II I ."Ii:.. ''''''''IC!!: .~:t: III.'.:"':~~ ~lU·J"""' ..~.. . nIh..~~~ .' .(. (UO Pr(Jdu'CtkJ.'.Il!I.'.' prOOuefiv. ..1l.'"i-' ...:~:'nmiita.l.UI!.seNQln.aj:or WiI.IIl.~~~_ .~~ 'in:~c....l'.fOod· ·rertUi'l.111.1II~~~g'L..•••• I - ~"-!Ii .~ .!I:.ets. .'.'lIiio!ul. (l~) S'm::iaJlcO'tn.00.stlns' w~th umu)s.~.'ji:'b. .rf~:ts'.t tarre: be snowed.~ Such.~n~. ·m-eIY~.s< 'Cidfliiii.~--+.. . _ ...I. a.:lr..3lite) lWld.. pmpoes suell. I~[_. '""i.Fo._' 1 .. The pro. .LII. ~illi_~\.

." lI-llfUVU '.. !Clndd :flla't.~..es:ldu._(i__:'. B.allltimmtie .ia!ti~Jl. '[i..i..of' or.. .~l~ _ lO-. :reporEd 'lha't there' 'W..g one . education .. was. .io:~OI.l..L \IIJ..r' Th'~ 1.glrami"'lsi:zoo ..~ . . .v:~r-OlflnlenzM..~-.~.ij "\iI......Arn~u. iC·· ...~ w.~.__~_'_'_~."fti.. bscmJ. t'ik~ i"!1i!"i~:.-'L.' II!lR:i. .':_.[Oi the welfa:re: .n~c: ptl~lflh :they 'ill'vie' to give: :prJo. 'dm 10000g mt't.I.madl: e-x!tm'Ct~of.~amkaj 'tOe: well . I'ntegrated.of .the ~i' Trea1ty Ion :libdlrYlas~ty 'iher~~Y' aU Ole ICOUU~S a.olving: :m.S" ]. of Ic.speaes and .-- . . mII~. ~ .cure folf' nndaria~ It: i:i'h 'dI~oFe'~1 in.ll Cooo:.'~' ~:&ou .. at all :~evlels.~'i']IIotiIi'~'~..01000) so .'_ nP~..niiChrorg. Biiodlvers:ilty ~.~d of :mll1n.3.'N'atiom. r'~q. He' .nie~obes) .ily '~O a[gth:~u'~tum'~ i'ndImtril~. as aJ'so 'between s<pecies.o.R~ (~il!!ijjjli\i:..~'i .c'...' '14 Sus'taln. 'J' ~U.s litiS '~~l'~ l0:xtjnc!t: and eadl. -~Iro. 'C'.~ ..oSaJilt 'em lis n.R~H~n. JiIIl ~U!I!l~HI.lA:.eif' ~~eS')-1.0 .'~'t-~&~:~ P.o.• ~~'. rtke l'ee.n!pliQTillfj[j' 'o~ . " popuwalJiO£iI. ".sbla Ecosysteim ~ U~I ..~..llla_~ .U-J!.~~!I..b SO 1000 '.il]~ ~--11r-.salsta'~irmb]e i. The. U).~ ~f _ _ .'Wtml'!r.see:W (1'1'5.btnl~deOlsme o~r plaw.xfinet:lofl _. ~:---~~:-:'~-:hOl1Id . [I~~ .~re-. ~~ilij:!: 'ii?..9100li._ .are .mima lSI .__ "'.MUJ ene aninnd species.e 'US~: IDI it as am. ~~t'.'~~ :-~. thmate.tan~' m.E ". 8. ICbmll~s. in a oonurrIiJii:it. .' '" -~" ..~'N:.~1992..w.g 'war.l~Oill!:y .-.: Age (l. _ -~~'~'·de __ \e:~ ~_.~~.me:-l1l! _ reJ1eiw:ajbn'it~'~ _ 1 i-Oys Ell 'is . I~-UU._.a.. .ater'pDItUltiom. ~-. tfu~ :~jOli'~."t.yor ihmd:i-v.g~e. ~1-.B:y thhi: time.~~:"Ji.~~.t ~I~ _ tUV~R11:1I~.-"..IJ~..ec-:-. .r.ii.'~ ~W _ .'oonl'inated 'dm' . ~_~_ ~ _ ~ _~ _ . .CSLtdiv~mU.t wtJalHh as. ad .~ l\\ras. loojn.::i .t1"'-~~'IIOOe·~~{t'(1 '.aJn.. aad have 'iI!"~~T""if!t~~. PO)! s __ be ~r'--Jl 't'D_t '{te' .1~ it--""1Ii .. ~" .aU (J. :Ret!Y'c. '1-1'i1~: '~m~~'nn"'!. ~ ..cb~r' ~D' ~ u._ ~ .piw1't ..-.s~..If:1': _ .:f ten :m~Uwnrspecie. 'C __ ~~- - . '~.'wen as. whol eonld no~ snrv:iy'e.asms.y.o'~imnM\ 2 ~.. il\Ll_.v~frntmlenml de..wnulls..At: 'this l..L-'!iiO i'O!f .. aSked by b~!i te-l.d berom..-~ !".r' 1MiIIIlU'~~Ji'~ . ~i'lirr~'· U-'M·~~~fIhJI.~"'.c.ed selection p .'t'IOO'" s or' s-c~mll .>riJt' . '1.yolu!tion bliv.-_:_".._"! e. IdeVic'lopment 'm. '~mp~'.~~ted. "s. sik1..ar-e''Ibe: pwdld: lo.a1.".UI .of' utmet~~ tile :SilBV~v31 _ ~~. _c__ nee "Pl_.mU:i'lliflln. Ajr and 'w.g:awi:smslo Tile e~~s.--" --.uiue: was.:01' 013iDJ 'biume1f is .00 nftllDll ymn :and.t~l1I:of 'w.) 200~J ~. '1"..' 'n~ere' .lriI0" ili"ljj"i. Ir·~IJl._ 'e·".i.g :speeies ..aufmaJ_$.W. c_ .~nti~:u.mllImllmS 0.~es :p1W~J~)) ifIllIcro-olgww~ms alie' a1. _~.'''.1J -·iit'liOilii3!~''''''~AiIfflI '.ce d~leled~ sets in a cl~l'lm.ti('j[1.I1t~gy 'wbi!Cb e~~ILI:re:~. species am Ion record i'e'" ide:~titl~d far .pIn 0':[ evfQ." These .utati~n" :recoU.-. ent' .L.tJ'eed to co'nse"~~ die. ~'-cd ~~ .eile.r"". IO-Mf de:W11·· .':-t"'''''i!\'' ~~ ~.eSI ud '. now' oul.. '1.\._~:..-.1i'bina.0.~ ~~~*[~'-'W~ '.' t.f 3: bilHQIll :years.es'blll~."i.lludlilHm.]uth:ttlMJ :process has 'been ~ce:~emted 'by ma.e~gfl~:mi"t: l. -. 'nl~m a .mg. DIll" 1 = . . ~c.Uumioo ..:li.--.~u~..."'"'~'"rt -.~ beesme c:~tinm be'fare 'q.e. . le~p~OSJIOIiJ re:11lm~ns.ned..!.~ "'. Tn~~.vo:lves .L. Emil SUDmllitS. eUV'Ir-CMlcDit The n:sutl[lce base..{lvefed as . ~~ ~~ _._ ~. 'iDi"lD"'liiIlIi".'.".it'"' 'dle :mst: 3'm: inVi~Dmre~." 4. while: 4l--" OilJrOare ¥crtebmtes. C.. and Ilohann.:.:' .ver tlhJe w~rld a~ooU!l b qml1 "tHd '~)Oi is Iconserve the &imli'~mity~ OrWO :as $eri~us ~a.vat The dbiii.~.~.Imw·i~g: ma..pl:afi1!t~ :auiOlam.iI.such :plmt 'O.~.'\lo..i.. IUli 1~llIIJIJ"-T-i __"""I!'~t"u' ·lI.and.."i. lay' we are.~~~~~_.?* .-:' t '~'~I-.rl'~-iIHI~_'~_~ O!~~~ia~u_~U. '~}Ol de Janeiiro. ~.o.iiilio'lb::-'~iiii [~~~[~ n11lil...oth~. in euvimnme:nit ~1Oi"i!irrt. 'IBtL.I!.!'~ I!i.iltjiO\Qo..~he' .~~ .:f'mank_ind~ !!I '-~~ I!I'~ _ 2.r~if!i~ ~J. .tumed altel' a :IGW day.dlOIe hIVt-~i~''b<a:~.I_I_U ~ijl !"dJ"ltILIi~A_1 !L'!'..~"[nnm"r~~ and <i!iiHv.oc:iQ..!i:!!""'IL.~iImSUI~ ~onQim1(ym "M me core . l.v..-·~~. 'i...... ~.1. b!gi. ii!".y '~' i'n.:r~nJn!:tilli"nifiil".. d'~8C. iil!i. -.!·IJ~ .:-.£§ . '.I\) 'w'raltb..t~e ~"....p'~ .~OOO 'yie'a!m ago)...--·-.--I~~. ~.l~ ~Ktin.Ug. bases 'but at 'lIte cost of and." am 'n.li!ly'=-dt~· llv.spe::'.v~F..con-(~n~. E~.aD!ll :mie:~oqpmPD . fMld t. ~"..en.~~ I J '.~~ ~~ ~ . ..lJ~ ~!I!~-!!![~' '~'JI'!loi'~iI!"r.~ l.t.. .I~~!I [lit" ~~ eOO!llfi1..!U. ~-tnltt-o'~ '.at p~aum l~ld.. _~ ""1"""""" 1" w:m:{h :Dm'r is 'blJVJ()Jv(~d .!i...vu~J~ W ..nOD '. ~ ~.llfiil eiil.'..~.md aW3!rel1es:s.~'i~IIi"".ea.D of' :1le'W . ~ e ~.u' old..""' ~_'1!.f.ity bl.--.2..e eanno~ 'imagine: .~~nm'-. 'The 'U:mi'too. :~anduse 'p~mnjng: '~oAir' ._~' 0:.me"'t 'dmt we s.ing :natum'l rilSOIJ'[ces (.'h'll~t..t1in.. w:a~le' due 'to OORltant meed..~~ .d natural 8~t~tt'on.OOl'ong' :indi..stl.and.11. wm_~b.JiJj!il!I~'. -lI!!!I"'r ..~ _i_~_~.iii ''1-.gmocide (01D5..-~gpm:_.'. pl\WlJt'rlmt : ~ was u'Se\l~ss.'. ~~e:~'---:-f::-'. .I:'!..ciellt P'bYiician~. mfUioli l Rnu.-..Vtl[UltfG.e i'~eontains __ 'lhe . Inin UlIllli '¥.:'!'~ii1i11"~C.e:'" . ..I£m ·0·. :Piopulation smbiUsa.~'l\..t~~le· ~1J~r·'~.olN..J1h fn.e.s . .11 .I~ ~. ~_ . .an-'SlllJsi.r en. .....F..:~~'il~~~~imVJ!ll . . e'xJtmct be:fole 'man..~th~.~. S'J. -. :h~stt'n.:f' . In 'ih~'Ifnlg'le . anima~...~ .1:l!i".· .. _ JJ. clime a'S.n ~ ~II! '~:~IiA'T'ii.e' T'!iffl.atioD it P. In tJh~s!CUliltut 'we may note! 'tlUf' ]000 :... Copy rig hted m ateri a! .'.n'.·IIr'!W .ll ~. 'NaillUra] eXitmelioJ'llij . -.W~rlli"i'f"d ~!1"jf.4 .(:filn8~s and bacm:ri. ~ .l(l.egnD~tlo:n.ltd~re~: '50imnd :!l1_apm~n.Of :if Ci'ICll'(}. .. m~rd~rld:urin.

'~~..l.I la'FgeJ :pod~.yeJ1~d._ lUi i!<Y~. as ~~r!y 'by' othe1"' o~is:n1l5.III! . In 'iiI"i'at'it~ A"'-. d~ipeusJ 'nf rene-rgy 'IS g. energy) <~sos~' . . c'hloF. :elll~ Wl~..I.t'!i''''J'!' .' _" _ .."amlab:~e ch~cal . in. E:N.lip".S: '~brDuGh it 'lendS tu cbw:lSie unt-il a smJh~e :adjl!istrru:nt :is d~v~bJped tkrolgb.u ievet ".Plit'efi~ial.iJ:.'..ER'G'Y BIUDIGET' 'Tile mOi~em<ent of energ!lf' 'lhrougb.~:~hot65:yn1hesm.~m'1ii .J eof. . selar ..". ener.~~"" tl~e~ help' of .er..cmu~~rtih:a]ener~' fIiom orgamic ma.:~ .C tt'g'plde lc.)L --.~!I. the Second :Law of ll~mlodynamircs\. \ . a" 'cJ~tiJG:'liiat~j' en~F!~' mCl~es m.''U\liI~ m[\nif". Wm~. of 'rh~'lmrnsl.).Wither.~ ~.and tbeJl.t"-"""II.Qr !I:r" ".s.alt ~aeh '·~tale:.elosed le-nclosed.~fI1~cale:n.Y$tem is caUed _!eif"n. of different tmp'hit:.f/ow.ergy :ilillW I.r:" The 1 '~mil~!d:et a.yllllhe!ds.PILO'W/EN.g'!!oil~ .o' emJib~e a stnilin part o Ote lene~gy to 'be R~S!ta'b:lis'lnm....Thus en.g.: . is taikel}.liT'1i. Ji). ..'".S R'bwled.energy' (. nmeban'llsm. t.-.mded..~''''''O'..oYJOle ew . 'b:y' a'ililitlotrop:h'~e.y~:le. " _!Ii. the' Ic'hem~w~.IliiiIli. d'f~ide alld. li)iJrf)llVS:ftom. .2'~13..:'!ii.t 'wlttcb.'~. ~Nlr.~.gy (ehe.or 'homoeostmis....or. c'hemtcaJ.i' ..is~.'tmls. ~_""rli"ii. most Q. "Ij.~~a.. it}!m beat. ''I.moo . d-is.'iif'!liAnM ~!!l!!!.'~ ""~ ''bI!'~ l'~fe-.patJ:d.. - \ '\ I l Copy rig h ted m ateri al . W'~ter lQIOO' f~.110 beat 3!CeKR st~.Cat'biliKl1 diollJJd!e The' rest of nn:.~~'!!~'~i!OY<~m 'nii!'.on '~fQroring when :r~.ws ~.sphonls .~~em~cb elf~er:gr 'm. 'lois· .~.yB~mw:~lth I~lmr!y' :fl. Wllergv . . &.E.o.eoo~g:y' goes .l~n~~lns '~e: fi-~t: tt{i~hie level (green plaw!ts. i 1.e:n .~. B~ea. Al~ animal hi:es." D.gutaJtj11. of aba:~~ 90 per . ICha'~n. . n hi...mr ::trom.) moves ]D. !@cO's.' by PJhm.. '. A]most aU 'dtfl s-oilar lenergy is. . 'to' another. Durin.e-s '{iO the b~.~jiei'IY ot new pro_iHm.I! ". ' 1 ~~'c~IDe~ 'ph!J.lolo.-.'. '~eViels. l of QIf]. as. 'f1i~.---:.. :s~IE :re.IiY'iIii!r!!r!l!.eru)' 'by' paotosymJttl.~.. 'w.mJ.""ii!\ .os~.tSipotcllnal .t:. . l (1[' ~~hmnrni.i!I"UJ_..l_ Ic.g:.caibon.. a 'ul1!idiooc~ionll.i:.ophyU bemillg plSillm and ehenl!!lSytllt'hetic 'bac~erll oedves i.w.~ ~.wm.f '\ ''II. iDly R~tl!Iml.food. one O1JPism.1 the blJm. lS con.nd.1 '.t'.t~em produced.cent' a.fer 'Of 'Clitergy £mm.h..e~Uer '~"'ftte' :n~hJl~2IJc. :poteDllal e]lergJ of food :f'nlm 'the :p]mt :SW~~..in.~tl(:~'bQ~t 0 :peFe~nt) . 'trapped..e-ssmtial :part: 0" the .ri!mip'fe~.uid-ed by' 'dle Smi~tl'". dIe tlr-~' J-' eiiCo~vstern . Aceommg to tb~ SbbiliW P.~.i.giJc:d'world. l"'.~les(Die..-.O\"..RGY .ve[ 'm the :neKM &jgb. 'D:ther 'Ullll.. 'with 'ood. 0~-y.ilil:c!I"hi~i!!.-'!. :im .s".Pril1ICIpl::e 'wh'tcb in tum.

. :~."-' .._' Int JJl...g. _ -_ . whjcoh :m.. "_".r'~ r·~' Thev 1I!i:~ . deriving: 'd~eir Iboo len~rgy~ fnlm.iIl"I:'i!I"- .. .:C' .: b-:-~.'~Ij~ 0. .t~ ~·-~~. '" .tl~ il.ueer. .i·'.2..iI...J'~ !IU.. co:noonJtrated I .Il""IIi"-""'.'ic . (FtabbitJI ..~.UJr ..fJOu.....".etrh..' als Jt.[en~ ..e~fmd prin1a!ry :prodaoel.H CiIls-'-"b--'--~I-'·"c-.\ifil!l<lir.g_ .1iI ..!-'I-" ~... arlild I '~r~ A.~IU.~.'..om .f.-..d. The Feen..tis.acib :&t~p.-. a r .ldon -. :as:llilelitr .. '-.. ~...ii!'l~ -.ve· . " ..¥g.'....'M~~' p.arnmaJ ~OWi' .-.vU.. $JU1bS!tan.:..!-" ~ !lJ..il!..i'!llf:"i1m. mainlv tJ.F1o'.~ Re. ~ .coovemno: solar tll~ ji'!lf r~mtlC .' d-I me :S'rnBuuy :Piloolici~~O.pi loai~.' " I.. Tropt.l. ih.. .nzone m.~l. ~.~ 'wa't~r ...~ ---..pilt::.----COlr{el. '[f.-. .chem ~ca'~--.\._:"i AAr. ..'~ lr....:..-ml.. is denllted as 'the :rote :a/. TrI'I'i. the .-'I ' --.c1 'il" smce th ey ~n.snee.!I\t! t:~iii?''''~. I"'U~-~ . : . Herbivore!. level.' Level' IY:· c~."c-_: '.('iI..Q-:ii" 'iIi~~~~l__ '1 .. .U Iuuli lluU .".-.R.~iP-&~ 'UP' " I n: is.ca:rniv~ wh{).. ~~.~··~ ~.--.b.i I~Y]I<~'Ij'O'U' T"t.:"'~:f.."'.'i~ -~:_ '·:-0I.'I:". :.. -'..j'J!..if. e. ... ~ _ .]'1 UW~ . der ~'i1l[the ~.me ~'b. __ D_~..: -fro.~jsmto ~nother:. !(.Li .--1:.._eLOJl.'ik_ '" .. the [o:i:ber tthree· ~.'--:"--relsti "._.lanisDIS: to 'Otll'if' .8 [:" ~.~J'il1". I-pe" :¥Jill"il'e '_:." Here 'w.r"mic: /-~~'·Ir~· Q....Il! -.iiil~ISJ'~"1 Ul~l ~1:JI'!Ii!'-.eitS. .iII-.l·il?i~~·i.~'1l1i _.. [~I~I~ . r'v.: ..:down ·to and'. ..Jii.. Li..':_ ~ . ~iIfiII~ tW.Ena.lS__'______:_'_: __ .jIL. The pril1~[Q_" . (.-1.llJlt. 'record of' the flow of energy tlhroMgh an [ec()sysmm in e.. .~-'" b. -. -"b:b"!t·--t. i'iTIiI )1_ . ~ . ~1J." ILE~V"':E'=.~~ifO:'.~ d'I'i~i"""i!I~ .level's' 'wliiiC:h:nle-ml feemng level of a. :_~w~~~~.-".~.. I _!!!!!I':'_ 'T' R·"-'O··········P--'·HII'C':' r _ ~"'.diimt.o=in. C-'-.. i'ODu. """...~ ..s. group of' {fJI-ga~lli8mSI' f JI~l~ .~el$. eat: bam..rOO~.i ..' ~i.~~~L~1 .-.pm_Ui~~~O!DJ ~n re.~~mpDil'il.lJ..b... plif-Eil.Hll ~~iI.""!r"oiJ ft!i!'.111 'n'.. .~ D~C ~ --_-. pruuucer -...gy :Budge:~B'hOW:S..ls\o Thee· le... n.--.ev·~dto wh:~..~~.Ji::: .llit>. seas. y ..1:' an 1I:'~~-----Iii lbii'w'sy·S!!i.~I'D"~ 1~~(V. wi..1!lIl1AJ· TtD.. --. find animals viho deeead u~n..· iJj.......~~ :ir-~'.:i..~' _lnUlh.n VGrlU'::1..r.~i!" ~. to .m.·~:1.IIl..me' 'pFoo~celi]J~vel b-"'~ B to the 'sa.---:.[ ·ca'tJ~·b~:..J . &:M.~n 'the 'HP1:U~i.:NP"~:S 'L..~ w·Ii.11(- - _"""'. idue /~.epry.~~.-.. -~n tlUie -form of~".f'i.ltUy_~.W~!'ll!lklle~_U~.L~il'f"'_>-'.. ...o1'!1er ~1~s :mr'mif' f~..htS Wlli...W-~ :_-..edc aCdv~~~ o.PJ.j'UUIBI_3H _ ~II 1Jj. .h~[-:-'. Ii • ~.' b~61tIaSS. "." II!. 25 -- .'K. . :~.. .IRi"\~"[ place ·ril~f'i.er s.ili. li'!Oie -!lit.' 'I . 'l.ll~ ~'~~~. l'ropl'tiC Le~w1. ~lu U.. U. I~U~U Ul!i4~ ..II Illlll. we .~'~IL ~-!i_:_ """'R'\..._ _ .--~~..~~'1 passes :fillin OM . -.=" into..4..'.~t'!i~.• lue.'hfJ~.be~~g :w]J ~ps 0(( .\i:I\I·.~]_.-~d: _. ~' 'Q~II.~IIi!t.. ' I f~. ·plIDJts. .'i..~~l!! M\..'~ .L· .:-:--.~nlats ·inc.:~~_.p~an~.. .ro'lJ!ps:I! diffemnl :~eiYIe.g ·t~ dUs eaw.are~~.'-j'.W\~:iJie{)as.'!".~ lIl~...t. !the' c~.~[ ..aJl."".. er :lu~otrilp. ~nelmf' ]. ...steniJj..:I!~:' ~u ~ IlllI \lJ_...-:-..1 .---[:L ..-.LIII'¥V\l'~~~ ~iI2' .ce tli.. ""'''':'i"ij\'iijffl:~.':.~~.. -~. .' olJmll~ iif. 'Nnirb:m~r:u' .··Y·" ".. fbod.j . .1l""".pnmary .)m.. . I.. use __ ~~ ow-sO..~'~~~ J~IIl~L~~ rfJ~YJj. !\.¥~\! .:al +.i~\"_fi~D.~. -)...Uit c-oaSl(l1 wa~'I..f.~ Iii~'~a~ilf" ~~ IWI~11J_1 V~·IU 'P~~!'iH~. 11 0" 0-" u metres [0:1' more.-.'I1dm'aJte~'" ~' . plants...~.~]siaN~[W"eea~~~d.'liaU!~~ ..-~~ ~ SUb5.JI~[-'ml~qn~j.I~ ~g . ....'"gti"a.-.~ lt$I - -- ~- -- - -- . 'Thus..-." -.. -.I A-I" consumtn a:n.b''-'.' .~II!JU.A. 'belon.I .:.':i~' ' ..[.wilm one .lI. . .-~ . ..""':"""':~~"'~~~IMl cuemosy:n~.Q_·~lit'" '!I!.fI@ ----~I~ ~ c:allll~U J~-I-U.1U111. t. o b1V'[-._~~""..~ !hif.li:i€-·l4Wel:[ Ill: At '~js le-ve·~.:us 'tS..-~ .-.of the [open seas ~.at .' ~JuBmnti!li' ·r.-:j -D(8'Ii.~~ ~:~~1. I't may be poin~ed owl that MIM~isms._Lj'l'u'iifliiroac ' .]:uding :man 'who obSaiq '&ar food from..'''_....~tl" '~.~.ch. the 'k1mruy 'wopb~c~I.HJ-U. 1._I l ..~uO'_... .ay CXilJenr..i~·. -....'j.. .l.Il::::! .anima~s. a.. .r~lf~ .-1.'o-. . ~.! ·epn'm~e:) to o. ·Ol~ .tmlCes stich as ciHbWl'../·~'.1. --..~:' IJ:'1~~_.._IYYl¥iIi.They 8ire .:... . ~~ __ .. .·e\h~ \~n.II/~.l...'-·' " .3'0 n~e..U~.I.~11 ~''':~!Il.g ..~n~eathll~ Q'msshon~~..~-t"'-:.: ' ~I [.. - ..~~I~ .eare'r 'l1ut :teiSs :ferti~e'wilten .lI'p ~'I~ £::iif'liAi p".- Copy rig hted m ateri al .:11. :Pmil!ts.--. .-!jj"".:. -..g~~"~'" D '-Ia~dlnSIli dp anmng .' .------and bh~chi Me .eiIY -tii.1IiIi III~~ _1.. lJ.' .. ~ jl.-..J.. '--"t'iI!. ~n-ml-'ii'i 'i. '"f'-~~nr:j. ' "'!I[ . IOlr Q.t'L :seconu ·tn)p.no-~J[!'_ -T"ii'il.pr-otilur:li'vity {1Jf an eco~y. iUlie !$'VeIJ. g=_.c..¥ iIi'to·· ....7- g:'~ '!.

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. 1iIi~~. .dJ. "'l"""'~" ·1. ''"I!"iHD' WI'~'[~I' .~ii'lIi"'" 'i! ~.~~~"'aJJii~1 .'10 .~I..:.US'tIC-SI 1. . is .iLt. .1-.· .WVy~ a pop~ltl!truc(l1 of 2S0 rniUion.e~p~. '~Wj~~'~~I]-~: ~~:iJ~..2000) .I. than. ... JlJU'IJ~r ... _I._jl i 3 ..J.i1 'm"iill~J.tS..~fi V.~ Distriibiuliion .- .t."":~~' :o.~ Post". Ie thlf ~~~ ~.800 :peap.. P'OPULATION AND EN'V.·U _ Ua'tI!':W a.1~"'~'U'''..oc].Sor'vlet Union (CIS..'99?)~ '~I~ul0Joon stands.r:r 8q.lL-__ iI:~ and '1.lIu..-"-'.fi!~t'!iiu-..'" POPll.yeIf' the :po. huiil." " __ .i-l!l"n\illi·\Dn ~~"·'W~j~· 1'Iii! '~"!&i't '~ t)1..··~:"··.~R. .~y' 'adde<d. .I. .f!l~~d~-!~'..nllJ..In eeneral .n'n·· ~V.1 v.'~to:n_~"~ n~--. W1.lltSity .. W~\I.MI V"1n..O ..s.1 11 IU.liIl~I!I' !!]i. of t'n~ ~tmct of' p()pu'~a'~'ioD . :~~ I 'fin. ") '!:.fl' 1jj~"II~.1Ij SMlle~plpld_a. Bangladesb. ~.d pop~mt~ofiis nQ~:umimm:ID~.pers.~_' . im~ It sheeld be neted th9Jt: 'th.-b-:·li~~' ""I.(J.:~8.-. I . fniUiO'll every :yetlr~.".~~ .~~..JI'"'-')'" '~OOI'":-. than dl0S.~t.N. _'__ "_.1If..~ . (i'.-.Qst poptdous..i"!!m.98.~-.lI.OO~"I.e-st]j-'.tIi. ms dC'.. adding .00 i:ta!~ll]m~ mm~llioes.r""'.U.!!i~~'i-~~_ _.'~.. .~II JL~IIl.s@[. at 'J~ 'The [r~r' bnUon.~ ... .Yllmmirl~.!ll .~.·'~'II'1 -.P(JP1l.'. \ . "': _DIal! L.1l:.~..5)and '[2 fI vears 'fw' '~i~lion.~e' more.oSl{Ulsmce a.3·_...!!'. "-'c UiI...'!"!!I _ 1..-t -------.t'tUl~". b:i:1111'~An l.'1'!<¥.u-rlii'-.ai.~•.. '~I Iii!.'L~d.putatmll. utinmte.... co~ntry gL'w'esa.M.-b~.t'..:lIS.~.J' Ik""l"".Jrg :feant uemeen~'Jri.-r·~'-'!ii _.'reta'm .l'~I"l-. d~-u-'iI-r:'ll.IlV J.r'~-Wgw.iIl"i\'!iirl<". r"I11!1' I. 1II.P ''''. tJ. r~· ----.ITY":' So-~'I "_" The .r.}· '" ..---. (lOr' the w'O-r-ld.'. '~ij.lmm.. .'I:~d' " UJ!i. I~.ti. _.! !l ~ exp~nd~d mom.::.t"'lr'.:3':c:: U. l.[ JJlb:lwl...'1~ .." -D' .JJiC~1 Uf' yjAP.pu~..IIl. .' .V~ 1l.:.uJ:Um ~onoomi B -'i~hV~en t.ion..'~'Jff'!u.'~~'ftij ''_'OPlll . ill. .iii. ~-" 1~J1)~IIlIIs-'!!1 .on. A. -Iii~D ''''''aT'!iIH'if"\j!' ~~A~!lLW..-~.aJrlstan~:B9n\g'~adesh).f~1 i'iI.It::iI"'1t. 11 ~!lo:seif Cl~':: W·' i~O: . ~.." 5'''' pet eent .U:llJ.!jl.. and W. The v "_' .g by 9~.-··.~-''l'i:~i~ 1.-om. "'11'5-:-'yea'_m: .2 milUon ~Iea--=. tbe :m.-.. (~.b'.filled as. 'III ~e!fl 'OV~\u~imNeU ..l"li."-~.~" 'iC!"-liL"!t· ~.i.00. ~'~'li-'~ "]! . '(.!'!.1.. -.1].."0..gfO'WJ1l i:.'..-~'.' _..:: ~.---._if .fI"'-t'-..Ai: " I' "' . PO"" "'P'IULA'. (~.bliJ).) :ilav1e:Ike ~i~~ lI." "_.. .. 'region w~th.ry ..".r-rwt"c~l.....~!!!' (one in ~Y~fY ~~valrrl'wiU .. ""'1... tli~]le[' reaOOflS.ifiIo--n~.'-D' the 'iMfi-n'll'it~~'iii.artHln .~ -'J. I..yreruJ~J_.T-'-IO"'" N-"'l:.:·liit~·...lJI!lil]t!" we ~e·""Iii"Ii~j'i.~... ro. .. 1".!II~~J.. .. 1il" d .grew Die . .1..-. I.!¥iU-1!.smtef.l"j 't"iiA\i"liiI1'iIIl ~.VJ..~)ilf~~ri'p'p-tiini'ijl~''iil'ii']~'''''ri .I. ~.!II'1 . c e L.ii.·.~\yorl.}.S 'ye-arg (l94".an~.~e"'.~.n.p'l-~:i:1Ii"I:['n...'cam . UiII."I'Iil.n~ .uT 01 don.10 merease 10"..-.tt. ..: 1ean: .IJI JJ.~'1 ann 1 t'Ii'O'111. :WI. ' '-E-N1..U\. --.J!· Ul~~.l!lIC·.I!! -~.IIY '~~_~_~I ~g_ .a.o\n. 'w.IlJl..uuy)t 11f"1I!i~IFJ·\I.~_.198 '1) l~~elraJ]... " __ ' "_.'.· '--. ~ '~ 'be .·.':-'''''I'ei •• m.-. 361 '~I ~... .'~.thh!l.illll'-~I:~.'Q' lO' ('l n"IO"~ 30" ._.~:bgr ol.. ~r~.nnd..eveloped..IL U.orm.~ w~tl1dense l:lJUfJ1lann~n1l1alj.c' v~I!!J..I uo.:r.!9i1111l'... ~.~_'~.'. .Yu..Asia :lS. ..~..11t 'four times (2'IOO)~ o "'.~~. the .:I Ji...h~dO:n '1- nco ·.. -.e~)" to be less than.'. IUa...-]-'. 1!\J!J..li.~.poiPU)_u_don i me.c.. ~-~-Il ~...and..~_ .v.C'1IfII: -..'1 ].e' ~ouj~ p pO"lIlatiDlIl..~'iiil'~A'fti!''l!i~_... L~'I!.~..~n .s.iY. .lIf¥~ lti~ "..1I!_!l~.". .dependlemlJt. .~....~riil:"".. i...al_!) ~.'In.eve..I! ~~llli \I~ nO"m.~ _' ~UI .I!' !! :: Uh~~I!l. 1 t..prOf' :hjs~h)m:...JJ!Ii!lll.. doub~ew:b~]ein dev'C'~opmg: ounuies Ute India~ iJibct. .o:f 'popu:~atioi~.~ill .t:5!:II!' 'LI" . ._~. ...('iaI..lIlllU. ... I}:'(nvin.~. In d.u.:7\Q'..'~I]-'~. ru.. 'nO'~:_-: .aibOllt. t.ew.. ~l!U .". '~il'Alpik'll'v ..A .JIV.II .~. ":". 'OJ' ""-U'~':': ..1. e ..'! I~-v ~~ ~ ~I ~' . l:ll~Y iii .~. .ili.J!bIV 1I~1~ ~I!l~~ ~J!I.i!lhlt.~. an~ma'~ '0 OfilJmbons.'._l!=IItl .n. rng t.g:iif.d.:billion :in 21.. "_ __ . ..j 'hru ~~~'O.. Ip-. )f.D' .ge eompued to. ---------. .}· nuUllj~l. .~" '.~.'timeS! .."" rU ... 1113.. doubled u.:1'0_.j.. '2:.~2-':.'~ Le..Fiii'!i1t.C!..I .on' Thus AtlstlmJUa ~4 peon[eJIA mil.i'!i' g----:.. ..r.J.o'!!n_ u _~~.-. .O-fIIn A.nJt..MOood 2::2.}. ~~..-.• '~~.!I::~'I 'II'.. 'w.1Y""'.~ll!~"(4'l lla.- -.-!iiP.'-" .. I~~.OW ~. J~:f.&:. 4!. ~V~l It ]. .'~:3I-'~.1'·' '.._r..ilfl'. oil.J _ 1!lIiln.tjoFL J.n.1:001 '-4. -r' -.. P.de. ...\-..~'iII ~I 'ill -. _1.1:-19l.. . .).~h~!~~"~. II.t': 'II'.. '~'~l-~[.'.1r:" .1.J. :'~' A. : ":i"''''''Y~_ .f!I""'~I:IIn:.':_.1 o . \I~~ 'il'fR:"-iI~i~ ~""'J~~:Ji) llL~ ~.-·'··_:. '~·r. "'.· .i'tI..~ tL I .[I' dOn IIJ. -... 'if:i""~""" '!I-IIl.." . 'ill b-'1" 'I!ien..~." ..I)I[10n l:5 '~I1ilnmll~~.l..I<j. Ifir..~. '..o 1!J)Ii..~'~'~' Jill 1.. "til I J ~~ III' _.VJOlH~iI\"..'\I.()re' of·:'their ori'O'~~I~'~ ''\i!"~oetatj~I'land 'W~1~ .'li.ii.".. :n.yul!..u.1:"" "'I.~ .I!IY.. _. ~'ndii.-t·.i. ----. :u. ~~'iltj.!!'O '1 ml..h1.1\001gb idea.(.-..:.:-.tribumdL U'SA and Cmada :M'V'e .~~·~.o···-.rllU.~_~. "~j.SOIlll& !I'l'!i..II:'\i!.!.....!. ~. d1f1(:£..."-~1~~~ilil!liiQU ~'t~ "o.y d'l5.Ii' '-W._'_~_!l.. Ubl.n. IOf A'lilstra'na {116 mJlUoo)" i ~~"!lJii'tt~11 ~ .~IL '.. ~~J.. ·-..----~--=-----.. 'Ite :pGpull!t~rO.y to moe wood or wateE sih.o-u~ ' ~ ~ft '.- has .. TIt e SUl!.mcnca..lll 'III...~. 'OtlUDmeS.' I J _ h1!dtln).~' 'nO~lida!red IC"OU'l]tries.lIi.eisq..IRO'N ····.f.·11..rl ~irtlii~'ifi'~~~: ~1iJ....r'.-. . 3" '1 '''if'!L~ .--..·'non!U'~at'iO:~'m become. -. is nk.5:bUlloo pmp~laHnn (India~.On jf'1In~iiflllr....e' 1:1J.· po.ENT ''~'i'l ..I..i!Gidt1i.O'" .~r- Copy rig hted m ateri al ."l:"lII. ~LII.1clt!1'rlU ile'uJiity.~~ ..-l'PI'lo"]~'. lJ] 685 InUnDn."0(4. 1~. billion wbile' 'So~lth. ~ took about '. ... ""'J "~. llii1 1.III. .n .~ '''3-IH.~gJIi. 'W:odd :~~laJtiQ-Jl I ~~ is.:-..1.:!i...nlr.-'..I. _~.0. ~.._W.

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.Dar_i Los All.. H~..:31 3..bad 'ID' IO"i1 ..O .l~i~deb :mnIc11..~ '~md (JrJea.lltLIJatmftJ about 400 :mjl~lOD" nUtemte . prWneipal e.P. The seeend Imld :most imlpa:rtaillt crop 'i~ 'whtalt wl~ieh.ham :fact 'fle.Pmde-5ifu.ixm:i~s.jl1i.aJli_e!" ~l[mn'I~.. 12. K~~bm8 nmved :~D since 'II~' 1. :and sul!1Dem.groWB.~~-."80s~ IO.dN~'f~ad 6.. IIMIPA'CT IOF P10.. 'N'~'Ylwt '~6.1. .lci'ty tUl 19i. -_.lout of' 'the~list ~~th. in PIr~nj~~~ib.ic mn~'Wit:ie~: viz. ~ ---~~..Ai.Tllmll.. for' 16~ (i.~t"er MI~tIilbaj 'i' 2.OOj./1Sfi .I --~~IP~:&~ I..giOl'lS of West. Srueb bu.v'tdy :U~~e.-e .elter.. R:I!Sm:UIRICII!S: lindia oocupw-s 2<14-%..ow po.~._.F.and m Ilh~I' -ains.ence a 'meg.p~i . .ly Copy rig hted m ateri a I ..bUUon plus. H:. Cb!Cl~I'~~~i 5. 'boo-s'ted rBleb Rice is i'l 'me.. mit2 Mc~.~o\.'.J.3~n .an~~. states.._.'~I Ore.rili1m1l~t buUt for a pop~l~tioo of '1 nlnUo:n~.ng i!hat:'ww:ff:ijs :Lorldlln~. Bern. )po.' n is r~F -=.~! Ii "'".an(i. D~lhm . :PQP!I... :re. ~N. :m~· 'w." ' 1 .Assam" :B. Kal~p'1J1i 10"..ih_. N'.nd!lftra. . lr.'a'i l¥~I~.S~ m"". but it iltJoo'URm.~J. '~!i'!lu'lati.~roW:S1in the mOt'lSOo&dom'~nal00..4. 'dmM am_nng' I .of' wo.:RiJjastbl'n~TH Gm~n.of' Gujarat' . ~ ii.v.o SaG Pa~I~..o~ ~ . J.1 ~')iO m4".i~-o Sl9mugir.. :Re\lo]uitiQm .r-~r .~.ooonn~Yf~'d~d~ l for food~ s'b..-~ . BiltlSalorre '7.' '~t'L2.ir 1. . .r]d'j. :Pop1l1atjmlli.d~tijon 'h~~.A:S I!NVIIR.ro.~O BU~~0i5:... 'U~p 'MJ?~ . till "--- - ~l·· - - .SSUiRI!.5."~.. '~11. IO:f . an.riUe~" $imitation le:Lrc. ~ . ~ O'riss8J~ e~s~eu. Un!. c"} 'D111~1i'Ii.1 world 'popu'latloil~Al~ the .g blltrlgu~.€It 't11~~ :s.IBquail Du~bt:l :~iiye 'baJ.in 'tUlll 'hlivte H:fJp!ct on 'the Ilat~1ral '~es~uroe~..w:mch . smi~ilon em..~- ..91 :~.i'fl~'i'J!r:o ~\!IlI!jili~~' ''1'" k -.~!!!I~F~ 9.]6 4..elf basie ei. . !II 3'li8.adu~ U ~ra]a and 'Klmatllka.-~ 'Iih.and. bou~if!iJ!GJi: 'mr:~n~ri.4 'WO~.AND NATUIRAL.ltUJ 22J'l. ---. K01'k~til.~pi.21 4)1)9 c"'li!Jllin ~I~~~ 1. 'Ilc porlnt 10.-.2 '~I"'..4.lts: smbUi!ed..ONMI!NT~'00 :1 ..~ 'water~:. .S)O.r.--.. ICDUap5~DI iIJ!JlldeF' tile PRSSlHC (If 'dJ~e'meptJty .~-o_. ON IIN'DII.51 10.YR~ Se~~.mai~u. Ahm~n.r~p.!r€:I"es: '~3.PULATIIOIN PiRE.]' '~' lIJ.:~nfmbuc~U!re o:f :Ko']kaJta is on.

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m~wes and 7S :n~mUiQD ~(lns (row :F!lJltural OODICecS) .l'ID~ of'CO em'~ssi.0'( fuel 'or C~~tl.g~ lin C~OOd.plle~ely re(010rv$cl '~D :3 :h~uu 120 ppm . ies~~-fM ..'W:mdi 'US..ce.illWcI<tl-orpWSIm. .'ry SOiIU'C-a) 7'0' 'j l.jti!llg :soU samp~.iTnI uc '. year .om hUiIlmI!1iJ. blast di~x~d\eand f-umaoes: ea..iOIU~. :~t.-.eleanitl.'~es lle~.~r:.01I.''!i . 'to 'OU.lde: p..:rtJd1tOcd lilI.CO n is a cio]O:RiJlr:~ess".' ~"".esl Ul~ :runillion 'hllfWSi T:ml1l~ptlmltiJon .a. aInJJ 'tts!teless gas wbjcb ~s mjuri~us.ollu:tion The :petfo'~eUlr.6 IL.carhon 'm. U.it rn.I1~· n~~. 1'iii! . Co\ntrol . '~'94. " 2..(unp'lI~ iCDmlllls~:i(nl ..~~) 2..1.e w~~gl:rurung 8 kg iconl.I/n·.l1at :~s:'ro ~ay" djjese'~ :and 'pebio:lerulm.C .~~~d (in ml~Uirnon t(lTIs.. .y :g. (2:75 mj. c ' ." ..00 Oil) dis~lOciaUon.engi:nes.ft. ii~l. 0.0!d . monoxide is lost 1m..1:ytrc co..on~xj* 2 frO:l1lrl.~nd.9 .-~). .e' 'e¥_hiYs1: em~$stom$'i Copy rig h ted m ateri al .cuJ]!(ail1jng llmteriru. f~ned to remov.' CmDOIl .p.iT .~U over the wotld..e Cllbt1H.OO (15ta~.!. 'pe!!' c.' 'I 'c' 4.de" . cm~ooJl Dla1l:0.S..tln~ T. .4 "lil''!i' e.~U AI II lift lIl ...~I.{Ih1:Fd OJ . of' CO. com'lbtlSHOIID .orl1u:lbUes. am.am:of' CaF1b-on.6..i ~:.ooounm '710 per .O 2!".CjO (~tl. .C02 . ~. at .~'..f aurollJ.is :lIt le'levmeel.~Ifl.W~(. --." il!""'I:iIJ~'1l ill~I' . "i'l&!!~...s:iif}. of' _". .350 nJUIon £01' :101l':5. ~i~ight {)f po\llum'J~' .n .. "".I!' .U~Otn'tootS.0IJ. 'coobul .J. o. c-U~Jminwn_g' cmnpoands. d Hence effbrtl .g: UP' th.Bach.~ !/.rruV~neF$.b~ent :0)Jr"The same seil ~W1~I~lte ~wrHiZUiUoD.lJTQ.(eaT'lm:n.'I'~'~' r. fll 11i~t"fi '!!.fl:1 I/~iIJ~t lof p(JllulQ'I.roon of e:".e. 'I~" ].. /it..lD 0.. n._~I 'I'I. ngiil1les iB.ulj".Ical f-er~u~tIlOOJS:~' are: (i) 'mc..' '~ SI-D'.oU uti 00..dJi'C-eti NO'. ~U ~Ieii!~:t f o 'po~~ut~l11I~: 'P..of .A a]on~shar.o.OOi..I!.U ~I d:ispO!saru iMrn~oollm1. aOCOll!tU :[01 :nujar sJ:uu'e -of carbon :lllOHOJdd\e 'emissiomt..'.. 'fu. 'TIle' seuroes of .' ' ' ' 5' . I~ ~"Ii"'l .Y 'Ii t 'D.aiI~t-Dftlu)bne-s"'Use . 3!re 'prh:rmrily e :re'~~~s~bl@ for about '10. I ~IU.0_'.ndJlJsJtn~J~ '(JI\t1)~$~~. ~s :SO(ilI. alJ*omobi~a.cil~D. * (~!$roorildircnddc') CO.Blrilon MODex:i'.[:. :P.eo P. IF!I.~YSi 'J. :29.:aM'.Ire :maini~..l.molnox:lde'~ c~o 'the chem~. . """"..auf.fOO~'ng'Q~oc~id~) 2. "".:.l.~~J!.eroct." :"f.alt1:rl()Sp(b~r~" The ~~u~jor':~dlidc.~" . . 6J OJ :16.x. ' m·~ l ("1' I""' ' .3 SQ'iliidJ w~S1~~ 'II ~ ._.m.~OOJ1J!.f .ror.' 'I "~e!li~J'~ r. I. :m~lflQ(l{'~deiron1.De' ~!'mt~d.CO ettIiss~cm.f hea[~h. the 'tj!pp~r' . " .aJl .ao + .. ~I. '~empemtI!mNS 'm :mdIUStrl)es~.:Q.the' b:rut~m~.] m J:'~"!""" .cl~(l~:~de h-~gll teinp~mtures::.odoor:less.) 00 rea.-~. IL..7 ~I!!IT 6..) I I .'.olf eata.'" TNIrn&pOltati...e~ 'QcMm'b1lls1i..1 '11 C..

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etre)l~Tin! :I'unlber' IOI:f 'n.-.~··it.{ " . --f~om.ghb~l~o~nd.tle m. :n8!mml. au 'Eo :mOM' thwl UlOj'OOO 'per' tml in bieNy p"Uute..~' .sae . 2....1..At"".. mM"'made SOUFC'eS" . --.. The Tab1e 6J! sm. '.. " .a.S. -c:l~-'~ ..Bvery :y·e_· ma)~l . -. $m<)~~: Salt -~.i I' ..00 ccndens..1S1P!h. lcles and ItrruidJ.:. .'.5:0 '~~90 -4.~. .e8 taD!.2:: IWoFld~id8' Adtl~~[onl 1I?.-i/ 'lemiLed..'\ -'-'.5:00 milUiDA.QiljitmC:Ee.. . .dmn'~etsaee CD~~"tiiy:e:~~. It"w. Copyriqhted material .l~ .. the. rij'r. -.)=IDOlWlgbly 1.8i'bnosn.-.l'H)-4...~' (lil1 :MUUtnil TOin~5ill D'· .Am..."'_ Ie elan. a..sist. '~_ IC"-c-I-~ .i lO-lS '~IIC !Ij~~1 '''flln 0. .S0-...0002. '.e·two. :wtd."""".-Jt".t . " .0011...a:rI:CliIWlQ [Matter' af' 'to (he .ill'll.!Ci~.. bO ICQJiJJ.milCw:iIS!'.r m. '"11.S01Wree~diij5.t..1E :from mellc01illb1il!SiUoo.._. .e in . bmdmd . d~r.u 'D~s1: ad. molaeute) to SOO tJ ('m.J -.._ .r ..nnr.I)mat~c~ :rin..soon...-.!ln1' 'mom .t...~ Oy ilsb mom thermal power' 'pJU!ls. '~I 'D.. -=----. . ..f .3' ..· . [~~'IW-U~~~I~ +. (p:AH. Sl....... ..-. .-.The' h!ycmogeJi .-.it"'~iI~..t J " I " t " " " SmaU :S·UL .v~s.hill Sao" !ONrli[. .. .... .ed .l'_.P .-- Tlbfa 4.gs.~iW~llt€s\O Th..wr '(ul\bimJmdusma:~ lima)" :P.1~21.~ns~d. :fooe!j!v :fffire:l .. ~mtcles lo.~ " r ..c'har.c IfO:ma~IC :lIydrooatbGm.." t I ~' I ~ I .)ates..'..QIlI:mlft4JD..V\e: me:oltilon..·.. seveml . SOll'rC~S\.----Sylp'ffi1~~ Ni.triam~: . 'mus. 'klkm of' :pmicu.rigilm.t . 11·= u~r' 'm.~lOO ll!~2~O ·U·"p. .OOOI :miUion.I-ia. .--'.here:V. . DO ~_n~ml:de fSOtlKeS 2101)=. tlf 'bti..d. I I I i I I I ~' J' l ! t I i- ! I .~:!-eUu2IeMthlJe.-..ClQmtcni:of' . .. list of mmU\llpr-odltCUOiO lof pm1icullite' m. ..!-..~. --. --.~'l'd 'J'arl/ .~ :ftOBl ·tb. .t. -.B:V oriPli~Dat~: ..m. Ol'al~ :pafitjlC~leii 'nl ..l .~ (l'OO(w~ the S'ize 10Ir a.tIiAi I~U~~ '"!i~'OO'ii'IIl .ce:s.. pmd~~t o:f' POJY'C1YC'ti.

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. _.¥ t'jli ~ 'p. .. =": .oRee..R~eiBB an eadil.._...ji~1':' 'U!lfIn'll1~ld:' '~~.. " .I'!o!'1~~~~~'~'".. .s. in.~.consumes.. :~~le~ue tbe eases Cif' ~'m . Y.I.~...lLiD.Ufe.re" EIl. _'.~.. ~.and.flOW . In 'I!e~nOe' of ildltravwolet: Ad~ltiJOit1.q'...t~ !IWII~UI pag.o:n ) + .1ii!uii'. .IID. I I ./'n.!'!!'L~.4 '~Ioll l"'oo:~'mIQn'f~' m". :IQ 1hh~ bi..blmincI. one lath :m"oleeu'les of' omnre~ The damlle 11. In.-~~:'i1'--d:sIe"'!Ii. is.~ s)m]l. 't'~e Slln~leFt: br.'Dliii'r.adU~.ic. reduce itis 'WntenJimti(Jn. 0... a] . . .1"'1. ~~~ ~~~_ ..« 31g].. :wduc~d..ij.Ii_.prmi....lkJbe" ~lr 'I __ -_ --" _.:::.x:icie (N'O).'''-/ ..~I.~l'u' C=c~IC= '~!Ii. 'Dmll~i. .i~seS skin. ICat1Cel~.re and 8tr:~tOlplietiel and enee 'tlle-re~ they.1It..dllfl_._.. that lone :molecule of CF'C tOMUW.g~m 'lri~i~~dde) "li'"'... London : 'i!.··: = :.i~mt(}m and... --. :lte stratosphere win co.~inrue: to dam~Ge iLe ozone layer :fur d~:e:fJtxt H)O yem..i~\t:I(d. .!'e ...'N'~no is. '\Vhn~E~._ flUe SU'lIiul!.!..~ k~' u~km~h. _.\1"'.. ....!. '1:lIIe~'.}._ .~.lI\lint.30 per e'enJt late-r ~]l Or2one :ho.!. LE .).. 1 l.iIlMii' ~~'l.9~:3ll') 1 1IIi.HiI. C 'C'(tme..!:-O IJ" ~ ·:-i--·-'iII' :\-'h~lch ~.~el'W.u_ . .coast bu~ it :afiects ._ I' CFCI . . •.~nois an : c~ean.--. ..0 AD.. .l1.c dimrder.~.. pIJS!iU). Even if W l'19' IDWlle: hole 'W...mm.'t.. 'CFCI '2.t""":__ ...[(Wtuoolt.Gmc1tm._~_~.-:-~re'i:! have '~~li'Ii2<ff.n. for.O"~' ..---.u~.: .i •• _. B'ut: recent bDmaiIiii.re OEwe: laYlt}1' dtickness 'W.. :l1Ionne.~1'.. }1..1 .it"-.se e.+'~ '~n'd'" Wi]le ~'if~~""r'lilfllb ~-11U!~" 1!IU¥ U~"'~~II!.es. N. om .-0] ..eaftb Thus.mnc. ~:O'~'ii..iii "" .IIt·':t'ij"i>O'Ji!l"b.eID!) r(~itoo.--: n~!I~if!.i~~ .Sp~leri~ w81mb:.oy'.a..IL'g~. ever half 'the .gT'i U@.~~.en. u. 'wilBe-f .I!..- _ _ '_.O) '~s mgeJlem~ed ...!l!.~l. " ' Ome'!id]unl.j!j.i~~~!t '. the :sun {2.""di:V1d 11iW.0 C~O.o:~e1:lmUaiboll .." ..pt defect .and. liCactb..'"c".I:-~4~~·-:..' .!'.voc :£'Qr' another lOO'::rean. ~t 'n-:mt~cb n.ilc.'I'IN".' [ozone llfJ~e :iD 'lihe' s!m!tosphe. '.C' !I!1_ .UI :.5--~.j'i...udd.. 'lift. 1IlJ. dl~ ClFlC 'thilt m.___ __ __ _ . (lOO 111m) md!" _ _ ~IC[~ -.cyes.. mJ.~._ _ __ _.ll~' ~JlirY.+ N'O . . where i'~ 'C3. an...es..~iI.I"87) .8em dio{itid.aiif~colwdi'ttoneg" 4. _. Re~euc4u:s are on :ror dewlopol'ent: lof (':FiC-stibsimte5...~I~\'il'i~' ... ll'~l~I!i.e!~ (~dtlfo.-u ]~ ~ _.La ..e:. d'~ox~ .Jip. 1 1 --. .. eontb1!ues the c-hain..Fe.~p'h$m(m..eearttb. 'l1omoou~'th6ir lm. 0 -l yem ..~=!WW~I~~~. mtljli. ~nl~~. Copy t ighted m ateri al .fts ~11 artificial q.. above..t.m. .".~ ~~: . :~ Ql 'NfJ~l . iE'Im) W ~ . . '.4 EL-I N·_.·~·lllJ~· lOO y.-. the :Sky' wer the: thicJldy poplllaJtm.1h~iili"":~~nlili'!. ~I. '.tt -~ -.g.---.&f ti"e 'Min :~s a [~n_foroool dlte (:FC.'.'V'm~.~ __ l!. 01 'NIO'ti .sta.'wo-l'Uu ef .I.South .~!~ r:Mbt~. 'C. H_~Io' ~ __ _lljL""Ii:l~III. .to the.c..U.. :Burope and U'8A 'th~re :'$ an.eR in.!~'~~..n~~Uirio. oo'le~"e.ji~i:Aft~~' '.vi]IIl!Q' . ~.. eanh.:.: ~-. C-l'ill' ..' " ror e:II":~'i:.O'~ NOl. _ . .~~ !liUIliU... • f '\ _.-. B'I)I£ as ~tlted.ozone thic'k_nt.J]'O)":·. _ . de \J.eal~rs n:p '~rl!to. J which ..md.fitet~ u· diSlCussed.·'F'C·..··-I·· .d].g ) Cl'~' + + 0.!.R.C'!F.'Lilflit·.e (~. .·dlW!'. a SnMllsh '~'eJ1lR f<Jr''Ole' C:Jwist ~hUd as it ~mrrts . _.telU~~5 d~st:h.ii. l'n Montreal COJl~rWUlee OjyknlJtn:aJi}P. aitltlo.i\G1l11rn. 'but it: u _OJ! ~""'>I. ..i. people :~re' .m[. ~il. __ .ndI~.-.liJr~ra. n""" a!tl!l'~-"'rj~"'~1t :ffl''''T-I''iilti....""'~1Ii=- ftom ere: cataraet..oo-.. t'~~ 'ilIii~MiA'L . "3i' . p.A'melicm ...4 per 'cmn ad ill...climate.eJ'u' . 'efe ecaull!leS for' 1.vena.and.I....L. tc 'wb~ch -.. '~~'Pri...ji. lJ' .r!! 'C':lh'~'o·~.c""'iIi:lls: m"· ~'~~ il!t~m.v~.' ~~""] '~. ~ ~ -.le ~dwws :paSRIe O'f uiIJma'vi._.i!'..a~~oo" 'tn. B~. 'by 2101..r. 2-~' ~ .mAC: SOOt:1:rr'l.in le~nJ..: 11i!!I\!'\'!nll'!if~i.. 02ione }u).. This is tbe i1helW.:1.U rc.r '~~l i p~r eent.tp..ormenQIl. __ I . _..m.--S.Snh:erle' which \C~i~ume .4 ~1~1F"~-I"dc-.Anlfi!j C."" II}f~ "'...C • 1 \.}ss 'was red'u:ced..n.Il:ll' l:. (..IS discove"iICd.in 'D~mbm' ill .00 1 CIQ + .if 'CIOOJ OJ .-rea:c~'with omue. smmne."ll'i'Ii' u iI. :nioog. j nou..~I·~.oan~)' (~!rU-.!: :pil~nGn1@no. _ _:.Fot~CtDi.o:~g:peopile' 'while ~ome 'mUUon. .udiGn is stopped...uerel!' :'~~':::'.~l .' ····' r·.'~etc.. ~nlnled~at.~~.. niltric lo.' . .T~ 1ilU. '.9'2): WiliS decided n .1 The' i:~e :radica'i (C..v 'OOI'I"..shi~~dfer ~'h.bsefl\ed :in the :S'Jky ov'er Antarclrea~'·:lle.]IaJltS~gases.". jet ... "Ji~ -.... . &0111.. is...r-J:""~Y'" !O!'2~1JI!!_ - . .fri. ~. Z·····O.v amsom uUravblllet :mdirdion fRlm.00001e .in~l.1n" :It is esUmaWd.'IH:ide) '-K- (cc~y.. ..!!1~. .r----c -.aUo~er 'Il.". Q. .:. ..""'----.'. IN' 'E' 'H'IQ". and CI. . ss t1oo:tants for 'I. ~fy .. lI.frolD tr~posphe.'n. warmln'D ~h(toomc:nQno. bem~spbere" Here m.---:. ~y .10'' ' . I...[Sutredng' i."!!ii!' i!E'~..MMWJ.

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KeU. lllll:s.I!' .Ci..<'l!i?.1I..__ ~~!!1.-ffl'lii ''\'Vi3!~er'C8l11S.e-~ U. etc<)" fish~ Cithef ...I!l. fish. !Ai"ii]. access '0 S.il'!ilt"I(-'Ii I..·f!! 1'Io.~li:!'.S The Ittr:g~ :ro:nuf:i... Vb~lII. p-..it>"~w'-'~3 ill' ~ ~. __~..-""-'li~.~ ~.tmo~phere:) db. 'w"'·A'.iI' _ ...:f 6..~i!l.Ulidlllli. These Copy rig hted m ateri al .I~V~ ~i""_ !!. _D.iI.ysm:em(w2lIIiter booYAb.' .000.f-b()m'e: diseB$~~ e".".R PO'LLUTAN:T.W!..ed i'V~~_I_:~--'_:~ :_. w. ~.!.! 'd'lnii!'i~~'r. 'Itn'· III~_ .(!Ioif'i.CI!l.~~ds. (.g~!."".g: 'W..1Ji~JIti1c~t:-os.(.lter" Tl1..Any ..iiuler.!!."~~ .1I!~J~~. :~ 'lIifll~"30~iSliri ..Vi 'IAlnt. . 5~:1 WATIE.~.I:"""". II.II'W!-I-~-:!!:i. O'!io.'!o. .-" -l.5 ..tndJs tJle normal :fvnctlion ' :md.... _ Tb.. rllYly' :fbr' COnec!nn.cO~'AI' !.Nlutmon ..~lk:1..i:· . (w.T'EiR.. - !Jifl!O'W!lillialW-:.JII~IIi'!!o.. -.G: and cOQ~dng.npu-:'.1I-"Riliil!..3!1er'fM driWd[l. Ie. iIl1'U.B~jaflfldl~=~ llepIJi:.-.~~~~~i'1i' .-. .·'Iit·u-:[.lI'i!iL1 .m.~1.- _ .I.~"".~D'I.!\..1~"p.iIi-!Ii611W."...ii"'ii~~ili' '!.!l'IILIU.~.s\. of atluatruc w.i _ lUI.! 'ieal ...1)W!li!i.nanllc:~ 'equilifbrium ii~l aq....of \vater 'fboc'pu'bHc supp.. U .c: poUutant...tes :froilil :fOod '.~..'e' d.."' ~'iii ~ _!i:!' __ 't'."i3j.~... of wab~.I!il'!~U.......aoot...[re w.~14:km.~'!C~te.~--it· to. _.U.r ]ISI O.\I... _ ~iiriu!'!!...'Uu!1. .in 'w. . In urb.' agrlcu~tljl\ml1~lln of~.~~v~~..".!' .!f>'h-:.._:_.al.' 'O~}lla'li'ii'd. .--- flo~t"~no' . .3 - - 1. .ly' .e in 'lie dy.te:r 'PQUuti~ul. .nlA.ask wllter) and.I.""'.·~·d: I' ."" di.u!iIi"'"' I nr~QiI1.1!"'11~.. .!'W. "-'-'!UI'J.e qmill.oo[' '0" water !poUutanis .o:.-.(Fn....."': ~~.i~s~ ete.~: wa.P. lare. Hfe" alric~u~ltu:~ Ufc (:Wm.5.yselllte~'" etc In India about 2 lMd:ts O'l]~o. ~ J..t'.. Jt Innr:gM~c: 'ponumnt'S~ 3" Serlilnenfi. Thermal po:l1umnm~ 5i 1 '11 O'rg:..".v~' Si111e-1ls :wm rivers and ooem beaches.rocess~tg p'~ants~ 'paper mil1s 3/G.4' QII!' ~ y"..a!r~rBcreE.iW t::"F '1ii'r1'~i""'.'if-l".. • Uncheeked .f!ie: _hi _Ii !II o:iil". (». o 'i ~11·.I!" . .ieS: '1."'Ii"ii~:tI_"~. i . vital . .!i~v-'!.. of amd The' 'Wi~rer .y 'water bt'ld:y:(grouud water are: • Offell_si.~:on~a.have 1D 'w.ii'~lliI'!' T-1"'l!.t~.__1_ ~ ~ :__.!_ __ \~1dl ."t.Ji:I~L..cJ1atll.rilll.. Jlija-e~~.:IID 'nl~J.tti.a'~eJ" S1n:'.e :m~jQIb'r~~e!)...~ '. ~Hage8:have [l{) aO~5S 'to gfe . en ..-exerets ~~\il'iLi"i.~~ ~ '~n river.n. ._ h.p- 'A'i'I.-.I:~u_m~u ~n. of m1.01 ~-J !t\.jI~i!eii.S. I _~g" _Ui.b"'!1:.~. ~. RadwQatdve lnarena15 .~ 'W. 1. 40 per ICeDl[ people Me withoUJt.t'.' 'Dead.. 'Of-"-. :nI'vigavtion.gof.~::-:-t-:::_.an.. d.nlic.~·--t- ~Iifi f~" __ .Plo'Wth..." _ .paUuUoD.v. """. of p~I'e 'WlfJtreF' ~iv'~s rise to ~e: pl~e'~onte_norn of walfer 'pol~~ltiQt1_il Iympm:ms.:~ndusltry.l~".~os..p. 4. laik~~ ete. ". amd rum] ~H~ a. ~ __.i:'I:ll" cholera.rq. .....1:! ".501ue 2.n-lI. '" I '- :India~every '00. P'OLLUTillON "'" The nOJff-na~ 'Uses. :~ndusitrhll w~ste: vibidh are cdJ i-fJJU10 di-recUy or i-ndlrec~'~yi's-eh~oo d water bodies.J..tb. ~~n.. 'If't-' ~'--: :..s.lI'"' -- - - .li .d . 0" W0.PI~!iZ' -ys:!.I~ 1 'lUi.gfh~w'tund nUl."".'5f-..n:--!Ii'iR!I!.ia'tilQ(O)~..'t•. wa:e.~'ret"r~U~!Ce'" !!i".':·-~~... C"VlAt·~l.?.j' 'nQr.~.t!.'t. OOlJoog'.I~III"'· '.IliU r.' bodies (~UI!Otlb]jc~rlon)~ .'!..' ·....' Bad nDislteof 'ch:'.a-qU1at~c and wnd..t~} Q.' Ii~'' ~lpe:'.here!a.'~~' . fiOMm.wnkill.:r' .and 5. O~gJlli!."".'I:_~"~ ]'~~"''''' ..\vimol'Ulg...m': _ -: i.~i~!A.:·.lY~II Iw....!II . IP'oll:uta:nis .. It' ..1'.~~e .('L.t:e-r" :~uel~ ~R_ '!!.~~ ' '. :~akh.~ broEtdly cIDitt~sified'miner .'<~..1 'v. '~if "'l'~~'i.'U1Bj"'!I:~i!lj1 U.!!~ .i"... are demestie ~~age' '[iom urban.g' .a!. pe~p~e die.~.. t:I.u.oomJ'k_1.a.."'Il! 'I..~~ di~ctlw :Hn'~l.drinkiillg' ~'Wf=' v 1 'W0:1Ue:rl. :prope~rties.".olii'il.

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" .chloride.l1 ILUn_:_l}~ '1iP.OiFgln.!Il ~~III.I.. .l:!' ..e.) 'Tala'i d~issol~e.:..edmum :101'ad~o.rptiOlll.J LIHIj.subJected to c~bkjriniftion :for de-lb:luyiq :pa:tbo~Ji..'liC: ..tori!natlonto :kH]v~ruses..~. 'The '[lg-sidtu~J Uql!dd i!S.L'"I) .om~ul~l'$Yllmh<etic .. (o~~pn~' co ~J .~II:II.~ :1'0'ille first i§Jtage.. ~.oomeoStic.'0'" ~.~ieal o~:idation of :50~lJbleOFgmUc :tmtmals.ion]..i'JI. €roln 'Walter b~f' Kreeu'rml~n.3!mr' is.OS Ni~ml£) +r Nihite '~OiO Copy rig h ted m ateri al .il.. g!~_.s:lDljprer' 'tnJm .r-'t.U!J nllJ:l!. 'D.. s~itt1e are ~I!spend... ~.·._. panb:.illIg!! .. - V.iI!i8 in .Qi~.II 11'~ ~1J.n [eJreban.0.~ 'r'I'U'-:li .UlII. 'wasb~:_ in Pi. ... ~11~·.cl-'lII III.-. mS. . ..l~ ~~I~g. (}~Y. (U) Icoi~gildati. . . (an~C1l15.) +.P' '-' . .liS.~....a~ml~ide' OI.. !II.a:now~. .jil'>"i!"h!"'lIr'\Ao~ ..g.i.. J . The prooe-S'~l~ 'coLmnornly 'Used.~-}: -~~ ~--.~u~~ ~. _ .po ... to.. :set1m (supended mmtter) :is rem'Ovoo. ·~ll fl!P..tes . -. II: llliU.f' ..'" "."iL'ii"'. ~.L j+'i!3!:'I" 5. 5.. (Un . Finany file Uq~d leffluent ~s . ~g_!I! ~~ ~liilirl~~"".~-. '-'iJli:!lfII:IJV..-.~. ..~~~~ _ I~VtIJ~~~lt:J. ~.01!lgf :smau.":r) ')HiiIiiiil . ...~IFII' I:I·J".}. b~ ~'~. t.~-'iii~l". ~_llll~~~ ~1-illi'H.Ill~l..and.""a·."LII_jjll:~1tiiiahl!lI..~ ii\l!i... '-MIl . '" -I.e'.III~~ 1""1Ii" Ulli..._ IUt~.'M. '~n-~ .m·'..c~jl~a.actl'Y. .e oo~ids He removed a. ..y ~olid..tIl_Nl~MlAQ . ~d'C")" n"i!:':'L.1!iI!~1~1 ..EATME:NT' strial 'WiQi'l2'tit.:illli.iI'!.) ad IUll]Ji":llleit:als..e. '~d of micmob~s ~n .malne'cf . ...utes.'TIle-56 \vas~e Uq.s~W.1I.-'-' '.atm ~'~l1d~e~ 'Thm t'll. . 3!re :remove4....'jlj'!\.. .O.gb a.eU~e o't d\}.h: wasll:es('~o!l'b~in\i.sewlge trea'tm.'i.i!!J!HiU~'IIl". '~-:-tmlI!iI..d.!~' ""ii'~U. I i.i"U'li!I.-p"nlii" '!.' tllm:m.AILITY '~H nruss~1'V'0d._- :h~d~i. IY. ..·"'~·'· ..t..om..l.11].. .g"eneml~ .organic io.d to s.r' by Ume and feme .. !It.~.l il!uee: :sre'ps----{i) a~ratto\U. PUu' .wJds (c'ffl.if1.. 'thtou.UJIl.dis...'N'Ol"~(n1wlitc) +..l~ '~"l""'ln .' Utili.TE:R 'Q~U.~~ . 'l@ lbiolg.~A I~ ~ .'Ilentsl) ~ be :purified.- ..l!Jri6ed w.Jlt: plmts\o The"..::iI Q.jIl!.~ ~~JW~-~u lJ ~n. Ul'e' rs:ludgel (Rlii!t~d...'¥-A-"~I'Jl.e Cf.eh..'i.~W!illi. . . l. .111..~ .-.luWm.: .:i<..'\\...~ . :&'~r~r and miitab:!e Iclean fOl' domestic Mse~ 5·. ~ ('-"m'L. N'ow this le:fflwel1it is..0' ~...n~m.[Dfec:tiltlA.Uli!..~ ek The rr.t .sh~..110..ij.... '~brou~b Ir· :mr oomesJtic uses.. ma'tt~.. [0'. ~ewa.pemded..: ~I ..-' .(mJ1IllU~i~al."'~~.'.f"'. !!I! . by fihraltion ill'SD11 .ed lnatrer.e mh~ro"'Mga!llisms. 'Iiri.IIlJ~ld"~. j" 1.~.er sediIlThen~) . cr.O (wlmmr."]":':- 'I!.."". .[.a'~!alI\A ~o.."I~''''' ~.L'!iIi~:i!"\l"'IIiIlIi·!1L."'\D ..!Ii!!l£!..llIlC w-i..ler .sediluenmttion.O\~ygm (0.R TR.selid :Si~spetlded.mUlli.'--" -.l'!l'lll:lIie' 'W' tWi~'ij~\iI:Ii"...snp"n]red 'by..i.-' 0. lli· I~ 'ni'r~e$ l~' .ii"i!FljIil""U:~:ili"lij._.xposcd. a.lWlies.7 IIND'UIS..". "'1"'1..$l~JQ ~-~._..I!. .g~ res:~n~lire very' use:fid :(01' :w~ncpvnl01:( ~ooUlstd't wars1tc' 'megls (C2I1U.c..'blct~--.'of orgml1c :m.Ci. md. WA[. .:Y.B~tl! 02.~w!l~~ ~l~~.. ·1 ".4!tP-.r.adi''1sted of":T-~:i'\1'!~~'1 ~"'i"FjI..SiUP. ". ..' ri .."~~~..NH'4 +..~. .~rer:~ :[$.8..· -. .."[R_AL 'WASTE 'WAT1E. :fOr glun~t~pa'~ w..e 'ooU~m.f":. -..!J _1_.. ~·_-_:~~I:il 11Il!~. "J' W8!1liW.:. ... di'~ . . ooUd 'w..~' ""':ii1'I'iL'iIi'...~II~~J"_IIJI. -~-~ ---. ~-fU1. 'm~~ A. ' . 5~lid 'Cbhlmidc S'~ilpib.. ~u'l~ft~~f:l! 1!lJ)~ri~e + :H2.!. plm. .:I-.~..). .pera'l.iJlmiCr .

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.j\ t~'by' d!eer..elements preset}f~ the 'wastes. '11.d Wa!mf a:lmr miruHU.1.lII ~ m.iDgwar~ftt 'pol~1' " '. c~~gin on : phQs"hD"ruS~.cr-em.easio. In . areas POOt' nUmerate.'liJ. .ge<neml in.u.Umab~. land is.'I~los. IldY''more' 'um~l '1 :~.uiil~ tC~5".etals :Ind 'mKic . b. a!ni:tml~s and.er:s. a mat.qrudJity . Both.ces~£~e JlIjp~. d 1~_'~l. :fertUity" Copy rig hted m ateri al . nickel. . bi ~d w.b'.o..!{' 'm1M.only I. ffir 'to SIS.""".t.I~. :fol:' 'p~ants and. :Obrc. a. land . .~w . fuel and utl'eT pmdl\lcts:~ But it faces threat of.II·' lb..~\e' n(.cti£e' of open defeeatien fro.. :hnman and animal cx. upon . ' ~iOtowater courses ca.oU'-IJ. These elltru. ' .saU(l. ' Many mdlusbies ge~ie'mt~: huge vo~.srrequ:ired. .ry ponds and Clna~syihere 1he.ume Uq.e~s.L PiOLLUITIIO'NI Li. ~n. . ' -. rum~.: d .()"ff' (wash W'8're:r' . . .gnkd 'herim. lid 'W."'.. the! salt comltet1.utr~e[l..U'~S.W$.Y'p:lmm: fOE t'be. --ner c:~co...Ud'~.and.'[-111' eSJt~mate-. r-' 0. .~.by 'm~n w.u'm. but alio.pbewe'with :ftnumrul...jj'h.-ell"" De(faresWfon lOIS a.from.coil. t 'Dum..-o. so:tid wut.'poUuti{)il.uid effluent! :md. timber. ~ 'iii i'ii..~rgrowth.er~~.c:.on . The :8il1rvi"\lw or 'min dep~ndB.~S:~and. water cn~rses (~trem:ttls.. lu]~jmatel.co11ltlliln m.~a]ity (~if nadon is :iu tn_t :pmc. . nemt."L~ . ]lOU'Ut~(}n.f soU and.[~. ac1i'\i'iues~ It l~es & 5100-1000 y-em to bu.Agrlctl~tuN . wb~chde. :~n Jjn~l3J..~ous.gricultural He-Ids) C(!r~t1!S ~.~jenemte'!__ eYiery yeu' 'iii.lJmmirIDaJtle' dle: ~O~:~.iIl!:i' d.es whiew: .aWJI'..e.).mlitl .c~.t.ID'n pestiei.t\" man.a. 'The 'top r5-0!~1provides..t is and.t ()If SOIU.~_es . ~. .J:.p~nl of :sotid 'was~es.b.ls1on om man"'nmdl~. 'ClhrnmiI!ll!D]~ Jead.of 6000 tons of tOPI soil eaeh year. ooF.apuU.mH and :sup~y f-cu:ld. 'W.m luui~tion 10 s.au.. quri. IjCL~J!Ul.1001ltl1~-~n ICl'~.ay " . to the~ deveJopmelil of'th:e' 'C'Otmltry" Indeed die' .a.loJle aC'COlwnts.: munon tons "II1'-l" ..eY~l1ides el. wmch affCc~t the .l~i~e~ of' son ~~ .~ne~s.murees am: 1 :ifl ".. 'Ii'.p' into undergroun.5'0..aJiC :m'ostly of 'U:lirOWl1!J.Sftd. '~~mQ:n A .d!9~ feltiHzem '[.\t: Qm:ll' ~ori]. injlE.P :~nQh on~ Qf'top' son w.iofu!s'.t.'. in.te'Mmlful since: heavy :m.y.Ii@lf 'w.13fstes W5e '~. p~np~ehave tfue Hasty pr:a.SOlll POLLUTION 16"11 SIOI.. 'bl a Ihnh:ed Mmrd r:~somce 'bu! lUGS!! jmP~l1~ re~oUJ'Ce 'w:h1G'h ~u-pports Ufe' and 'C-OInSibU!res. artrld'bites wm~h... absence of sanItary foU.ltBy 'pnnuJUmts. few ). b t 'III S '. ll1e' sou.ad l~es 'i~.SOO. cover "is bOWD as soU" n.. fietJder' :It.ion .ud d"¥. wa~:eirand all '~he:". I.TU'tl. after' be~ng'.g: ooH l J j .

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'e. gas and wiate. 'with .:l.n' This is ih.Ahmedlibad Cataulta Mumbail. or It\eb)Ui...an..po~d:'Uon of 'tihe wastes under ..y [OD larle tyms. ..n~(l!p. 1iley(lml..s. .s..Ji penpu~.-.. 'L .ue .·'~·...et:niss~an {l.dtlUaNa.ttodtIood .d6U 'lbiICked.f1erob~c' .elSuJ\"e' t'bro.rOI'lnWB~:ffiend1" by t~M~q..e w. In the' man.3si~s~He. ha~. at '9~ I OOOPC.ped iCOMB1es.Alrk:ill:~~ural Reseuc'b Insti. e.' '~--' l..C.like substances. The.or '1-. :.of I'ndi:a. 'belt cCtll!veyor:..iQJo--Orrpnl~.pe1ic .:su~tluJe.bMisaJtiion and I=~auioo of' ~ities.g' a'DeI Mun. .mld puh~'eT'1sed. he 'c. 'o:l'btlgen. W'itlh increase :fDw. :Her'C i~l~bic 'mi. eem. :r:n.OJl~ A'H. The proeess :i~tnndJllc~ed by . 'bacteria.o..ei :g~te.ng")if compO's! :p'~a_lltby 'mwmcipal w~ecs. is '~rl_s. ..u. e<'JffOtdo'oji .-" _.arly ~n tibe dev1ela. --~--:i.lfee.$ then ~Jmrmed.ryj ~~. i!- :213 I.ppUca~i.m.S.aU~wGd t." .eral step.the t. uc'h ca. been ~~ed. .. :iis bioJ.~a. by modem sc.e pameles are remorved 'by a m_3.~~ar:~~Qr" Tb.2) :In):n.s. ft--ee fiiDm.o 'be dw~~. a:nd 'me W3St~i5mQV1e: ~ a. and 'wet Copy rig hted m ateri al . Chmmai~ D\eU1W~ Pune .oes.abrasioo.u'~.Compos:tin.op~. aee in opemionsJ.e'au.I.1'~1-'.on to rice :field1s. (.. 'The' mDmrnmn.r-' U~ S__ . red'u..limer er 'm a.. I'neiinmtlfrJn off~ts.Grmmta ~low:~. ~OU. '1_. Co.." A~ris jin..g'hout the :~eng. .gy is.te' Compostlng PnJ}ects This.Wipe! p fur . ensure l~ap~d d-eeom. proeess where i'h~sh.ni.".Y :bu~t~an.more .aDu ore..gi"in .~made .JI-.. 'wml: dev~J.c~lnpoBt p.v~'1 pit: fme' gl'a'ined.'-lanDed ----~~.apatwty :~s'l00 Wl1S peer diY'~'The Government eneo~les" :fee. mm mumus. .thof the c:)'Hnde~'.r"]lich oollsists lo.soo. .I'!!"'"""""""'"~"""' . pJ]an.for \ValsJte~ mmapm. 'in. sc.. inrio (lolita.condUinIS. .bmts.and :Hl:yclerabad.I v~ew Ito.~ ~come-s . to I.g~e3].-.at' ~.tUi~e(IARI)~N'eiw' De:thl '~-D deVce'Lop'snms o:f'blue . as ~w m.w.. T ' from lone end ro 'the otn.. ' Aa~qd ~~l$'~rt .p .l:J.~st.ue ~ :oom. .:: s (1)1 The emde refuse :is dumped. by )'ARl.I Iccmp~C!t.'t'fid.. ' b.Ud Wiasre maDa. '~O :produce b~IU~"i.nvi.--"c ~""I""'d'.. .mefJJt _:::c_ 'nlu'vem'ents outfdd~~the~:~lin.envirmm:u~ntaJ :nl~. .~1a~.«w pr. c~l1IM1iiniing 'mldeslm'tdr.riaJ :i.y:~ifid.rilatl:'teeIlmow. .:f Il)ffels~ve 'OdOUfS :md also.a.~.'N!..di. wet oondlidon..g'emeil1!~ ean pr-Oivide ~be' 'CO'mn1iwi'ly' 'witb better .e-r.[' :~n --'.retlJl ilgawoated .f'sev..lclpal Wa's.. :It.s' preferrled 'Wecmiq.rlXilti.lm. romt:ory' (1) c~JUndlef~ a~oigols '~O' rota/wry dri~[.gnmwated [complst~ l t Inlcinera'tio.tomij}t~cysitem. are thoroughly mixed .-'_ smifM!ft~ ~anu~.s~v~ta~ ~pa!d. v.enJt :pw1ic. the 'wute vl~h~me: 90 pe[' cent.y .

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. Sen Memorial Medal (Inat of Chemls1s).Sfmple.!ssed to'all Pc!ymthnic students fOf En\4ironmenla' education and culture.K.. po~Iution.)~ Cooper Memorial .ludd lreatment. from Visve-Bharati University.wAge ~ntemaUOnal).E. physical and hu man and e)C. PUBLISlIERS iii New Delhi • Bangulore • Chcnnai • Cochin GuwBhnti -Hyderabad It [alandhar • Kolkata • Lucknow • Mumbni IJ bl ishcrs.. pu bile health. resource conservation and management etc. . Wilh all these features.and Head ~Department rpf Chemistry a nd Dean of Faou fly of Scfence. Indian Chemical Society. Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry (Ne.'Bharatf UniversilYt Santrniketan.. ewagep n (P) LIMIT.Designed In terms otthe Po!y1echnlc syllabus for students of the N. Env"ironm'enla'f Studies and' Man ~Nature and Environme nt (New Age' ~ntematfonal)< 9 NEW AG'E INTERNATIONAL \VW\v. waste water treatment etc.C~ Ray Gotd Medal' (Calcutta Univ. region and also NEHU synabus on Environment.Exposure to basic concepts ofenvitonrnent in its mu~Udimenslonal aspects. l Amab Kumar' De Reader in Chemistry! Raja Peary iMonan CoUege..com Ranchi . UUarpara. In simp~e and lucid styte~ the book introducesJhe basIc: concepts of environment. lossary of key terms.outstanding books including Environmental Chemisb'y. Author ot several research papers in national and interna tional Journals and also of popular science a rtleles in well-k nown sclenca magazine-so Coauthor of tnorganic Chemistry and Analysis through Problems and ExercIses. ~Feedback exercises to reinforce the 'underslandjng of the .. Bengal-Ph . thIs book Is expe-s:ted to fulfill Its mission Environmental education. or promoting the cause of Ann Ku mar' Oe (Retd. .ofthe . this book is add. . Founder President of 1ndianSociety of An8~ytica' Screntists (BARC.. Research area~water and alr pollution D monitoring. Recipientof severa~ awards includIng the Achrarya P.ED. H'ighllghts ofth. Visva .Medal and H.e eook.) Prcfessor .~lains its \la rio us dl mensions----i!co~ogy. Bombay) and Vice-President.Jte and of several . G core areas keeping scientific termi~ofogy ala low key. W7 BengaL Author of' more than 125 research papers In tlaUonat and infemaUonal!joumalsofrepl. W.subject.

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