TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE

Jolanta Polk Reyes

EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA SU COMERCIALIZACIÓN AÑO 2011

Inglés

TEXTO DEL ESTUDIANTE

Jolanta Polk Reyes

GET TO KNOW YOUR BOOK
Welcome to Global English 4º Medio. This book will be your guide, and hopefully your friend for the next school year. Enjoy it!
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Examine your book and answer these questions. 1. How many units are there? 2. What is there at the beginning of each unit? 3. How are the units divided? What sections can you find? 4. What are the titles of the units? 5. What can you find at the end of the book?

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The AFTER YOU READ section includes an APPLICATION TASK to help you to develop your writing skills and the AFTER YOU LISTEN section includes an APPLICATION TASK to help you to develop your speaking skills.

There are two lessons in each unit, one based on a reading text, and one based on a listening text. They are divided into: BEFORE YOU READ / LISTEN WHILE YOU READ / LISTEN AFTER YOU READ / LISTEN

Each unit has an additional part called JUST FOR FUN, which includes a specific CHILEAN CONNECTION. They are for you to enjoy and learn new things independently.

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Examine the icons below. What do they mean? What kind of activity do they represent?

READING
The tasks will help you to develop strategies to improve your understanding of written texts.

LISTENING
The tasks will help you to develop strategies to improve your understanding of spoken messages.

These attractive and entertaining activities will motivate you to study and put into practice what you are learning.

Learning abilities You will be informed of which abilities you will develop through the different activities in each section of the lesson.

Did you know that...
This section provides additional information on the main topic of the lesson or on some of the activities.

American v/s British English

Learning tip
This is an additional tool to make learning more accessible and contents easier to understand.

These tests at the end of the units will help you to discover what you have learnt well and what you need to reinforce.

This section will help you to notice differences between these two varieties of English.

MINITEST
Each lesson has a short evaluation activity that will allow you to analyse your performance.

Language Note
This section will help you to understand important English structures.

Highlighted words : Words whose meaning may be essential for your understanding of a text, but were not included among the key words have been highlighted in blue. The meaning for that particular context is given at the bottom of the page, in the form of a glossary.

This section will help you to get involved in your evaluation, guiding you to discover your strengths and weaknesses, and making you reflect on your involvement in the development of values.

Suggested web resources to gather information on various topics or prepare for a presentation. They provide a good opportunity for independent work.

HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities You can access the hypertext and do attractive interactive complementary activities. You can access the hypertext anywhere, anytime, and do the activities as many times as you want, at your own pace.

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PLAN OF THE BOOK
UNIT
1

UNIT 2

UNIT 3

READING Love in Writing (love letters) ...................10 - 11

READING A Book and a Film (extracts from a book and from a magazine; a poster).......30 - 31 WRITING Write a film review .................33

READING Planet Saving Technology (brochure) ...............................50

WRITING Write a love letter ...................13

WRITING Write a brochure ....................53

LISTENING From the Heart (song)......................................15 SPEAKING Share love stories....................17

LISTENING Dark Fantasy (interview)...............................35 SPEAKING Prepare and present an interview evaluating other performances ..........................37 GRAMMAR -ing forms................................32 Gerunds ...................................36 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE........................42

LISTENING The Technology of Living Things (interview).................55 SPEAKING Discuss a scientific issue .........57

GRAMMAR The modal verb might ...........12 Intensifiers...............................16 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE........................22

GRAMMAR The Subjunctive .............60 / 62

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE........................62

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UNIT 4

UNIT

5

UNIT 6

READING Urban Rhythms (magazine article) ..........70 - 71

READING The Magic of DNA (article) ...........................94 - 95

READING Business Letters (business letters).......118 - 119 WRITING Write a business letter .........123 LISTENING Describing Jobs (conversations).....................125 SPEAKING Gather information about occupations...........................129

WRITING Write an article on a music or a painting style ...................75 LISTENING Mobile Art (conversation).........................77 SPEAKING Discuss an art form ................81

WRITING Write a scientific article ..........99

LISTENING Asking the Right Questions (conversation) ......................101 SPEAKING Discuss a scientific topic ......105

GRAMMAR The Past Perfect..............72 / 79

GRAMMAR Reporting verbs.......................97 Indirect questions.................103 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE .....................110

GRAMMAR Reporting verbs ....................121 Indirect questions.................127 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE .....................134

TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE........................86

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VOCABULARY: words related to love and feelings. FUNCTIONS: express condition. You will pay special attention to these values The importance of expressing our feelings. LISTENING: a news story / a song. The acceptance of and respect for different opinions. ORAL PRODUCTION: express personal attitudes / participate in guided dialogues / ask and answer questions. You will use the following text types: READING: love letters. interest. requests and suggestions. WRITTEN PRODUCTION: complete paragraphs / write a love letter. LISTENING: identify the tone of messages / identify stressed words / discriminate between correct and incorrect information. 6 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities .UNIT 1 In this unit you will learn to: READING: validate predictions through skimming / classify specific information. You will also learn: GRAMMAR: the modal verb might / intensifiers. possibility.

sad. 2 In pairs ask each other five questions about the things you like.13: You know enough about feelings. joyful. Why are they feeling like that? 2 pts. delighted. but you could try to improve by sharing answers with your classmates. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities Negative: angry. expressing your personal opinions. Cheerful : adj / happy. 5 pts. wonderful. Your score: 0 . Compare your opinions. happy.19: Well done! You are ready to start and enjoy this unit. 14 . miserable. and showing it by the way that you behave. Use expressions such as: I think that … In my opinion … I believe that … It seems to me that … From my point of view … According to me… a. hate and really love. are fond of. satisfied.LOVE HOW READY ARE YOU FOR THIS UNIT? 1 Look at the pictures and answer these questions in your group. annoyed. hateful. What are the people feeling? b. 7 .6: You should look up the words that you don’t know in the dictionary and share your answers with a classmate. you could help the classmates who look confused. Example: What kind of food do you really love? 3 Classify the feelings in the box under the correct picture. 7 . loving. · angry · annoyed · cheerful · delighted · happy · hateful · joyful · loving · miserable · sad · satisfied · wonderful 12 pts. Positive: cheerful. dislike.

1 2 3 4 5 3 How would you finish a personal letter or a love letter? Choose the best options. “In dreams and in love there are no impossibilities. d. 4. To find meaning of words / to make predictions. Benjamin Jones 8 UNIT 1 . a. h. chocolates.. c. c.” Janos Arnay b. a quotation is a repetition or copy of the words of another person. “Take away love. B. “Love is the discovery of ourselves in others. a. Not letting the loved one spend time with other people. Love you and XXXX Thinking of you Yours sincerely.. d. rings. Which one(s) do you most agree / disagree with? Why? a. What do you notice about all of them? in your group. Making a blog dedicated to the loved one. Use the alternatives provided and your own ideas. f. etc. f. and our earth is a tomb. b. h. e.” Robert Browning c. Adams Yours truly. Norma For ever yours.on 1 Less Learning abilities LOVE IN WRITING BEFORE YOU READ READING 1. To express personal attitudes. Julia e. and to avoid suffering one must love.” Woody Allen 2 How do people usually express their romantic feelings? Exchange opinions Did you know that. Dedicating love songs on the radio. Giving gifts: flowers.” John Keats d. Sending love notes and using romantic words. Best wishes. “Love is two souls with a single thought and two hearts that beat as one. To express opinions. Being jealous of other people. b. Dr. Holding hands. To match information and visuals. “To love is to suffer. g. 2. 1 Talk about these quotations in your group. usually showing the origin of the source? The sentences in Exercise 1 are all quotations.” Alexander Smith e. Going out to candle-lit dinners and dancing to romantic music. Fred Kind regards from Patrick Lots of love. g. 3.

e. I’d like you to love me but if not. a. __________ talks about hidden feelings. or IV) has these characteristics. Cuddle : verb / to hold sb / sth close in your arms to show love or affection. c. Check the meaning of the other words in a dictionary.).4 Study the words in this web and identify the ones you know. 8 These chunks (a. – d. Which letter (I – IV) does it correspond to? The writer doesn’t know how to express his / her feelings. 7. camp on the beach and watch the stars in the evening 9 Here is a summary of one of the letters. LOVE 9 . III. d. He / She hopes that if the other person doesn’t love him / her. __________ is written by a Chilean teenager to his foreign friend. in perfume. – iv. b. Learning abilities 5. he / she will want to be his / her friend. in harmonious sound: all of these mean you to me. II. 6. Put them back in the correct places (i. he / she cannot find the right words. To match information. a. all of these I see and admire. c.) have been removed from the four love letters. 6 Which expressions from Exercise 3 were used to finish the letters? 7 Read the letters again and write which of them (I. To validate predictions. To identify the tone of messages. do you think we might at least be friends? b. To locate specific information. __________ has historical value. d. 9. you might be doing more important things but you choose to sit with me. To find specific information. __________ uses sophisticated words. Which of them would you expect to find in a love letter? Love Eag er ire Adm Glad Kind antic Rom e sitiv Sen Adjectives Beauty Date Heart Nouns Novel Jealousy Verbs Sha re Cuddle Feel Miss WHILE YOU READ 5 Read the letters on pages 10 and 11 and check your predictions in Exercise 4. 8. And at other times. __________ is romantic and optimistic. We might go to the Lake District and cruise the lakes. but he / she knows he / she is in love.

10 UNIT 1 .I Tammy Carter I love you! kind. Tim Dear Chris. And there are walking with you on urger and chips. And I love you for what For ever yours. and thoughtful. I love you because you are puts a smile on my face. have of the fire and cuddle as times you might want to a rainy day. I &am &writing &this &letter &to &let &you &know &that I’m &really &fond &of &you . &but I guess I’m &too &sca red &because I’m &afraid &you &might &reject &m e. I love being near you and th me over a humble hamb u decide to hold hands wi t. II &you &just &don’t &know &it. What &do I &expect? I’m &not &sure. words I love you! Just writing the friend. Unfortunately. me. Jenny Humble : adj / showing you do not think that you are as important as other people. but yo steak in a fancy restauran problems of the day. &my &hear t &is &silent &and &the &words I &want &to &say &just won’&t &come &out. and you prefer to be close to me nt to do other things but __ in front u might wa ______________________ I know that sometimes yo ______________________ ______________ (i. because you are my best . my small triumphs or the to me as I share with you t agree with en times when you might no I love you because you list you hear me out – there’re ult times I love you because in diffic to understand.)____________________ ______________________ ______________________ Thinking &of &you. tender My beloved Tammy. S ometimes I &would &like &to &shout &it &to &the &winds &but I’m &scared. but you listen and try you are.) ____________________ we watch TV. I &want &to &open &up an d &tell you &how I &feel. (&ii. Who &knows &what &your &a nswer &might &be? My &lips &are &closed.

Albany. Or &we might &clim &rivers. &lon lle River &holding &last &walked &by &the Calle Ca &reflection &of &the &hands &and &looking &at &the hen &we &took &the &moon &on &the &water. what &again. I cannot repeat it too often. I can never ex press it as much as I fe el it. I love you. Might I &ask &you & &really &soon? I &miss &you &and I &hate &being &without &you.&you whatever we &do. &counting &the &d &come &back. an d I would only be spea king the simple truth. published by State University of New York Press. And &t nd &where &we &little &boat &to &the Huapi Isla d &enough &we &thought &that &if &we &tried &har nd &never &return &might &stop &time &for &ever &a &to &reality. &think of &you &all &the &time. but the sun itself th at illuminates. I recognise you in all the beauty that surro unds me in form. Equipo Editorial. Juliette American v/s British English recognize recognise/ recognize IV My &dearest Susan. unite in yourself the beauties of form and song! I might tell you that yo u are the greatest marvel of all ages. warms an d revives! This is what you are. ______________ ________________________ ______________ ________________________ b &volcanoes ________. my Victor. Your &forever &romantic Carlos HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities LOVE 11 . If I were clever I migh t describe how you. a famous writer.) __________ __ ____________ ____________ __ ____________ ____ – and you are all! You are not only the solar spectrum with th e seven luminous colou rs. But &and &cross &cold &mountain &it &together . (iii. ow I &miss &you But &you &had &to &go &and &n ays &till I &see &you &very &much.) __ Adapted from: My Beloved Toto. in colour. &we &will &do to &come &back &and I. I &last &saw How &long &has &it &been &since &one &month &you? I &will &tell &you: &it’s &been g &hours &since &we &three &days &and 8 &long.III Beloved Victor. and I am the woma n that adores you. letters from Juliette Drouet to Victor Hugo. And &when &you &do ______________ &will &we &do &together? (&iv.

but it is most commonly used to express possibility and condition. A possibility. If someone asked you to be his / her pen friend. a. 12 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . If I had time I might help you.Learning abilities AFTER YOU READ 10 Classify the adjectives in the box as positive or negative. If we tried hard enough we might stop time for ever. a. To classify words. / To imitate a spoken model. A condition. What might you do at the weekend if you don’t have any homework? b. A She might miss the train if she comes late. a possibility. To write a text. To evaluate learning. B a condition a possibility a request a suggestion American v/s British English pen pal pen friend UNIT 1 12 Answer these questions using what you learnt in the Language Note and your own ideas. 13. c. To match information. · abusive · boring · confusing · dramatic · embarrassing · enjoyable · fascinating · funny · gentle · honest · insensitive · interesting · ironic · joyful · kind · loving · mad · nasty · optimistic · passionate · pessimistic · pleasant · romantic · sad · sensitive · silly Language Note The modal verb might 1. Use some of them to describe letters III and IV. 3. 11 Match the sentences in column A in the chart with what they express in column B. The modal verb might can be used to express all four options. Excuse me. 16. d. d. She might be in another class. 11. A request. c. A suggestion. b. What do these sentences from the letters you read have in common? a. The teacher said it was optional . might you speak a little louder please? We might stay at home and watch a film if you want. sharing and comparing answers in your group. Which sentence expresses the following? a. Might I ask you to come back really soon? d. To reinforce a grammar point. When you are in London you might visit the London Eye. 2. To relate content to personal experiences. Study these other examples.we might read it if we want to. If the plants don’t get enough water they might die. Copy them into your notebook and identify what they express: a condition. There are nine more sentences with might in the letters. b. a request or a suggestion. 4. b. Might I go with you? c. To consolidate a grammar point. 14. I’m afraid you might reject me. 15. what might your answer be? Enjoyable : adj / giving pleasure. 12. We might go to the Lake District and cruise the lakes. Where might you buy roses in the middle of winter? c. 10.

Check with the recording and then role play them in front of the class. • My letter follows a d spelling r grammar errors an ecked my writing fo • I ch mistakes. we should ask everybody in the class. d. write down a few ideas that can help you with your task: to write a love letter! i. writing or speaking when love is the main issue? How would you help a friend who is suffering because of love? In the case of a married couple having serious problems. d. Apart from your own words you can also use quotations from Exercise 1 or others you can find on the Internet. Work individually now and choose the style of a love letter that best suits you – optimistic. Exchange letters with somebody in your group. Where might we find Philip? d. What do the letters tell you about the people who wrote them? ii. h. – c. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 5 EXCELLENT! 6 to 8 14 10 Match the questions (a. a. A list of words that you can normally find in a love letter ii. If you organise a party. What have you learnt about quotations? Where / When can we use them? Which do you prefer. 8 pts. b. the times they live or lived in? iii. You want to borrow your sister’s / brother’s brand new T-shirt. You want to ask your mother if she knows where your favourite jeans are. b. In my opinion.) and answers (d. c. Say Yes or No. c. • I followed the indi the lesson. How about some fish and chips? e. e. i. In your group. Read letters III and IV again and answer these questions in your group. f. the format and the vocabulary in the letters you read. 16 Answer and discuss these questions in your group.) to form dialogues.you might try his home address or his office. etc. What was the result? b. Different beginnings and endings. Have you ever written a love letter or note? Why? iv. sophisticated. a. struc coherent sequence. Your foreign friend is visiting your area and asks you to suggest a place to visit. What does the vocabulary the writers use tell you about their background.13 MINITEST Write one sentence for each situation. education. tures and ideas from • I used words. who might you invite? b. American v/s British English French fries chips 15 APPLICATION TASK – WRITING a. Write a love letter (maximum 90 words) to a real or imaginary person using the ideas you wrote down. do you think separation is a solution? HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities LOVE 13 . Follow the points suggested to evaluate your letter. d. c. Your cousin wants to know what food to buy for his / her birthday party. a. So. what do you think we might cook tonight? c. f. – f. my group. e of letter writing in discussed the purpos •I cated steps. g. Check your spelling and grammar. sad. I’m not sure .

c I hope she’s not too angry! These flowers might help! Did you know that.) with the corresponding picture (1 – 3). Stress is related to which part of a word or a sentence we emphasise. 1 Look at the cartoon and match the bubbles (a. Adam: I love you so much. Love on the subway 14 UNIT 1 . To make predictions. Which one in each pair do you think is more intense? Why? a. ii..on 2 Less Learning abilities FROM THE HEART BEFORE YOU LISTEN LISTENING 1. a We might be a little late. What do you think it might be about? Choose one alternative. Prohibited love b. but say some more loudly than the others. 3. George: I’m fond of dancing and singing. Love between a miner and his girlfriend c. To match information and visuals. ii. To identify tone of message. depending on where they live. i. 2. i. Theresa: I love you very much too! b. – c. It means that we do not say all the syllables or words with the same force. Theresa: I love you too. Lilly: I love dancing too. tube 3 You are going to listen to a news story called “Underground love”. 1 2 3 2 11 Listen and read these pairs of dialogues. Adam: I love you. a. but it’s so wonderful to be together! b Terribly late as usual! I might as well go home. George: I am quite fond of dancing and singing. accent is connected with the way we pronounce words? That is why people from the same country speaking the same language may have a different accent.. Lilly: I absolutely love dancing! American v/s British English subway underground.

visit Neruda’s house. cinema. his mystery girl. 6 7 8 12 Listen to the song once more and choose the best description. He developed the very popular Web site. b. What better illustration of this unusual love affair? 12 Listen to the news story again. But it’s time to face the end / truth . 8. I suggest you invite b. Which statements are true (T). He described her really well. is a journalist in New York. Angry and pessimistic. Sad and romantic. ______ Patrick Moberg is 28 years old. b. 7. ______ Camille. which are false (F) and which are not mentioned (NM)? a. a. d. To identify tone of message.WHILE YOU LISTEN 4 5 12 Listen to the news story and check your prediction in Exercise 3. _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ LOVE HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 15 . c. Learning abilities 4. Maybe Patrick will Patrick and Camille will Patrick and Camille to take Camille to the marry. b. c. c. My life’s so brilliant / exciting . We have a real life romantic story. She looked / smiled at me on the subway. a. ______ To find his dream girl Patrick developed a blog. Example: It is posible that a. 12 Listen to the song in the programme and choose the correct alternative. AFTER YOU LISTEN 9 Re-write these sentences using might. Cheerful and romantic. ______ He did not approach Camille on the train because he was shy. To discrimínate between correct and incorrect information. c. And I don’t think I might meet / see her again. To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. I will never / always be with you. a. 5. d. e. 6. To validate predictions. b. c. 12 Listen to the news story again and mark the specially stressed words in these sentences. It is possible that Patrick and Camille will travel to Paris. To identify stressed word. d. Patrick and Camille might marry.

Study the sentences in Point 1. 3. I was terribly nervous. d. A: How did your mother feel when you showed her the test? B: ______________________________________ upset. B: ______________________________________ sorry. ____________________________________________________________. d. 5. b. They actually had much to talk about. Compare them with these sentences: a. c. a. c. They actually had so much to talk about. ____________________________________________________________. 16 UNIT 1 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . b. d. It is surprisingly hot. I am sure. I am quite sure. c. Read some more examples. They make the meaning more understandable. a. b. A: What do you think of the new television programme? B: ___________________________________ interesting. A: I can help you to study for the physics test. Read these sentences from the news story. 4 11 Complete these dialogues using different intensifiers. We totally clicked. The pictures on the left can help you. ____________________________________________________________. 2. 4. Use them to write four sentences. b. c. B: ______________________________________ much. The answer is a. b. a. c.10 The words below appeared in the listening text. We clicked. My dad told me an incredibly sad love story. I was nervous. Listen to the first stanza of the song again and copy three more sentences that contain intensifiers. You are absolutely right. d. A: You’re late again! I’ve been waiting for half an hour. b. The underlined words are intensifiers. They make the meaning more general. crowded headline sketch subway 1 a. c. ____________________________________________________________. They make the meaning more intense. Language Note Intensifiers 2 3 1. What do the underlined words do? a. they enhance the words that follow them.

Would you be embarrassed to go on national TV or radio to find the person you love? b. What are your opinions of the two protagonists? ii. I was impressed. I decided to look somewhere else. Answer the group’s questions providing extra information. 11. g. To reinforce a grammar point. other’s pronunciatio • We corrected each m the lesson. 14 APPLICATION TASK – SPEAKING You are going to share love stories with your classmates. Now.12 13 Listen to the recording and check your answers in Exercise 11. I looked around and saw a little kiosk with soft drinks and ice-cream but it was crowded. we are dating! I still think he is fabulous. 12. Choose the most romantic or the most unusual story. g my e discussion respectin • I participated in th . The day was hot and I wanted a drink. What do you think of making a blog dedicated to the person you love? b. It can be about your parents. Use the ideas you wrote and tell the story to the rest of the group. Say Yes or No. f. Exchange stories with another group. What would be the perfect words to say to someone that you are deeply in love with? c. When / Where did the story take place? iii. Use these ideas to evaluate your performance. Work individually and write down a few lines about a love story you know. To evaluate learning. a. Work in groups of four or five students and answer these questions about the love story you heard in the recording. a. and appoint a story-teller in your group. To consolidate a grammar point. d. To reflect on the contents of the lesson and relate them to personal experiences. i. What are the names of the protagonists? ii. To imitate a spoken model. Practise and then role play the dialogues for your classmates. classmates’ opinions esent my story. To consolidate vocabulary. str 15 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. yourself or someone you know. How did it end? c. 14. What is special about this love story? iv. How would you behave in a similar situation? iii. e. 15. · absolutely · quite · really · terribly · so · very This happened a month ago. Learning abilities 13 MINITEST Choose six places in this story to use the intensifiers in the box. Use these questions as guidelines. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 1 GOOD JOB! 2 to 4 EXCELLENT! 5 to 6 9. a month later. 10. Would you show respect or make fun if you received an anonymous love letter? HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities LOVE 17 . 6 pts. He was cute! He had a bottle of orange crush in his hand and he was offering it to me. i. To create a new text. 13. Help him / her to practise telling the story. and used them to pr rote my ideas •Iw n. uctures and ideas fro • We used words. Then a boy standing right in front of the kiosk waved to me.

Once again thank you for offering to help. make sure that the And finally.) portion every morning.CONSOLIDATION ACTIVITIES 1 Helen is asking her friend Gloria to look after her pets while she is away on holiday.) windows are always closed so she cannot get out.) attention. Fill in the gaps in her note with the intensifiers in the box. Thanks so much for offering to look after my pets while I’m in Brazil. fond of eating socks so please make sure that Spike is (b. loves fresh seeds and water so give her a fresh good friends that they are Spike and Winnie are (e. finding sth pleasant or enjoyable. Bella (d.) there are none lying around. small. because Bella is (f. There are three of them: Spike. the dog . the cat and Bella. See you after I’m back from my holiday. Winnie. Please see the indications below for their care. a character and needs special Each of them is (a. · absolutely · quite · really · such · terribly · very Dear Gloria.) the lights on when you leave. Love Helen Fond : adj / of doing sth. the parrot . hates the darkness so make sure that you leave Winnie (c. 18 UNIT 1 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . especially sth you have liked or enjoyed for a long time.) always taken for a walk together.

I worked awfully hard this summer. Mum is going to get quite mad with you for spending so much. – d. and I absolutely must have it. unpack . Practise and role play the dialogue with a partner. b. c. 2 3 4 Well. d. phone Gloria 12 Tuesday Visit Christ the Redeemer or Sugarloaf 13 Wednesay Go to Ipanema or Copacabana beach 14 Thursday Visit the botanical gardens or the national park 15 Friday Take a bus to Florianopolis or to Buzios 16 Saturday A boat ride or hang gliding 17 Sunday Flight back and arrival home 3 Read the sentences below (a. don’t you think? And it’s outrageously expensive too! Mad : adj / very angry. Look at the page from her diary and see what activities she might do. 1 a.2 Now that Helen has left her pets in goods hands. Write the sentences in your notebook.) and put them in the right order. she is planning her holiday activities. following the cartoon (1 – 4). 11 Monday Arrival. It’s really fantastic. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities LOVE 19 .

“Is that what you dream about…being a monster?” “Not exactly. I love you simply. because it’s an enemy to you. – h. or when.) with the pictures (1 – 8). mostly I dream about being with you forever. or from where. “I love you without knowing how. c. my love . c.” b. we’re a nice normal family. “Just a little bite of the apple to show me how much you love me!” e. is hateful to myself. d.” 20 UNIT 1 . Homer & Marge Simpson John Smith & Pocahontas Pablo Neruda & Matilde Urrutia Romeo & Juliet 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 Which person in the couples in the pictures (1 – 8) could have said these statements? a. g. “I am scared to tell you who I am. f. h.as far as anyone in Springfield knows. “Remember. My name. a. dear boy. without problems or pride: I love you in this way because I don’t know any other way of loving”.” d. Adam & Eve Barbie & Ken Bella Swan & Edward Cullen Frida Khalo & Diego Rivera e.JUST FOR FUN 1 Who are these famous love couples? Match the names (a. b.

n remind your loved one how much you Commandment 6: ___________ ofte care about him / her. the film made that mistrusted women who engaged in Teresa Wilms national news again. ents of Love Ten Commandm pt change and support growth Commandment 1: ___________ acce in yourself and your partner. many talented Chilean film called “Teresa”. work. Women's Studies International Forum. Pages 195 . Commandment 9: ___________ shar with jealously and suspicion.romancestuck. when she was only 28. she escaped from the convent and moved first to Buenos Aires and then to Paris. Today. Commandment 3: ___________ give n to your partner. “Diario Intimo”. individual with his / her own likes and disli e love. works can be found in old book stores. lost forever after their deaths. There. helped by the Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro. Commandment 4: ___________ liste and bother your partner with your Commandment 5: ___________ nag problems all the time. and play. intellectual pursuits. and their names were Original Research Article. Teresa Wilms’ Issue 3. their works were Adapted from: Teresa Wilms Montt: A forgotten legend. s. Directed by Tatiana Chilean women writers were censured by a society Gaviola and starring Francisca Lewin. LOVE 21 . nt 10: ___________ treat your partner Commandme Adapted from: www. her love and her passion for a different. sacrifice everything for it became the subject of a In the 19th and early 20th centuries. more liberal life. your partner 20 times a day or follow Commandment 2: ___________ call him / her to all his / her activities. In 1916. where she talked about her life. 100% of yourself.3 Complete these 10 Commandments of Love with You should or You shouldn’t. Montt was sent to a convent as punishment for falling in love with a man while being married. In most cases. problems. Volume 13. Her life and romantic love and her willingness to She died in 1921.com CHILEAN CONNECTION Teresa Wilms Montt was born in Viña del Mar in 1893. she wrote her first literary work. 1990. ember important dates and anniversarie Commandment 7: ___________ rem ember that you partner is a separate Commandment 8: ___________ rem kes. As a young woman.199 by Marjorie Agosin. omitted from literary annals.

Love always. You make my &life complet __ and (&i. You are the only one that ever made me so hap py.TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING THREE LOVE LETTERS Dear Brad. 3 pts. &though.com/love_letters/i_am_sorry/letters/177. A love confession. very sorry and I ask you to please forgive me! Love forever Brian I &know we’ve &been &busy &lately with &school.html http://www. &even &if &it &is &just as &friends.com/love_letters/thank_you/letters/173. We can never &be &together.) have been removed from the letters. ) ____________________ _____________________ &that. 3 These chunks (a.I doubt &it. Put them back in the correct places (i. c. &tests and what not. want &to &say &thank you. I sit here in sorrow.). a.html http://www. (&iii. 3 pts.poemslovers.html 22 UNIT 1 . I was so stupid to leave you! I know sorry is just a word. and I don’t want to ruin c. Why does Brian cry at night? c. Does Marco love Simona? 6 pts. – iii. I guess you just don’t realise wha t you have until it’s gone. Marco. wishing I cou ld hold you.poemslovers. You will &be &in my &heart &forever.poemslovers. but for what it’s worth I am very. You make me &laugh and I &sometimes &so &hard I cry.) ______________________________ ___ a million &times. For all of &that. A thank you letter. but no one can make me laugh and smile like you do. – c. I’m very &lucky &to &have &such a wonderful &boyfriend and I wanted &to &say &thank you &for e changing my &life. I’ve realised that I’ve tried to rep lace you over and over since I made (ii. What type of letter is each Dear Marco. no one could ever take your place. &by I &love you and &if you have not &seen &that now &then you are &blind. one? a. I feel as if my soul has stolen my heart and left me to cry myself to sleep each and eve ry night with guilt in my heart of how I hur t you. 2 Read the letters again and find the answers to these questions. a. you make me feel like I can touch the sky III Simona Adapted from: http://www. b. Why? Because we are &just &friends. nge I can’t wait &until our work &schedules cha &and we can &spend more &time &together. really good friends. I wanted &to &send you g &this &letter &to &let you &know &that I’m &thinkin of you and &love you very much. A letter of apology.com/love_letters/confessions_of_love/letters/36. the foolish decision to leave you b. You make my &life worth &living.) __ ____ ___________. I Dear Krissy. Why does Jessica cry sometimes? b. Jessica II 1 Read the three letters. You &said &that &being with me was very &special &for you and &that you &really &respect our &friendship. Maybe &this &letter &is all I need &to &put you &behind me .

Smith sent a letter to her mother’s / parents’ home in France / Spain . with what they express in column B. 14 Listen again and identify the word you hear. Might I take this chair if you are not using it? B A condition A possibility A request A suggestion 8 Use a different intensifier to fill in the blanks in 5 each of these sentences (a. Thank you. . 5 pts. What kind of programme is it? a. 14 What is the general topic of the recording? 1 pt. 10 pts. a. When he answered / picked up the phone she knew it was the right / wrong decision. 4 pts. Their relationship ended / started after she moved to France / Spain . A game programme. 7 Match the sentences in column A in the chart 1 pt. These flowers are ______ beautiful.you might have salad or pasta. An interview. The reason two foreigners decided to marry in London. Within 30 / 40 seconds of setting eyes on each other they were embracing / kissing . b. b. Steve Smith and Carmen Ruiz-Perez.d. How a missing letter brought two lovers back together. c. b. d. LOVE 23 .) according to the pictures (1 – 4).m She might miss the plane if she does not hurry. 3 a. a. c. A What time might it be? I’m not sure. d. fell in love 16 / 17 years ago. e. A news programme b.LISTENING LOVE REUNITED LANGUAGE 4 14 Listen to the recording. Where might we go at the weekend? Whatever you prefer . c. Yummy! Pablo and Gonzalo are ______ good friends. Why two lovers stopped loving each other. both now 42 1 2 6 / 44 . 4 Philip’s baby daughter Flo is ______ cute! That dessert looks ______ delicious. c. It might be around 5 p.

Pay attention to vocabulary. 10 pts. This time ________________________ ________________________________________ _______________________________________. Jerome: What do I have to do to join a club or the library? You: ________________________________. but it’s not the same as ________________________________________ _______________________________________. Jerome: And what can you suggest for after school activities? You: ________________________________.SPEAKING WRITING 9 A new classmate. spelling and grammar. Jerome: Who do you think I should call if I want more information? You: ________________________________. ________________________________________ _______________________________________. Please. It’s been ten long months since we were last together. 10 Complete this letter expressing your feelings (maximum 90 words). Jerome is asking for suggestions. Dear ________________. Role play your dialogue in front of your classmates. I know we can ___________________________ ____________________. ______________________. All my love. _________________________________ _______________________________________. 24 UNIT 1 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . Answer his questions using sentences with might. When you come back _____________________ ________________________ and we will never Jerome: Which of our classmates should I talk to if I need help? You: ________________________________. and don’t forget to use appropriate intensifiers. 10 pts. Jerome: So where do you think I could have my lunch? You: ________________________________.

I grasped some of the main ideas and answered some of the questions correctly. I expressed my point of view appropriately. I deduced some of the main ideas and answered just a few of the questions correctly. I included one of the right alternatives and one of my own ideas. I understood and applied the language items in some cases.SELF . I deduced just a few bits of the general and specific information. I identified some of the general and specific information. I grasped the majority of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. I used different strategies to help me to understand. I included none of the right alternatives and none of my own ideas. Your score Writing You are expected to complete a letter using alternatives and your own ideas to start and finish. I understood and applied the language items in most cases. Your score Your score Listening You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. I identified most general and specific information correctly. I interacted with other students to do the exercises. 10 to 12 Excellent 6 to 9 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory I grasped all the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. Always Sometimes Your score YOUR GENERAL PERFORMANCE I grasped the main ideas of the texts.EVALUATION YOUR TEST RESULTS Reading You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. I included two of the right alternatives and my own ideas. I deduced and applied the language items in very few cases. Good pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation. Some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. A lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. Your score Language You are expected to apply and identify two language items. 10 to 12 Excellent 6 to 9 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory I identified almost all general and specific information correctly. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 3 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory Good pronunciation and no hesitation. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 3 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory I included all the right alternatives and my own ideas. 7 to 9 Excellent 4 to 6 Good 2 to 3 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory In this unit I understood and applied the language items in all cases. I made myself understood even if I made some mistakes. Speaking You are expected to be able to complete and participate in a guided dialogue. Never LOVE 25 .

LISTENING: an interview. VOCABULARY: words related to books and films. You will also learn: GRAMMAR: -ing forms: gerunds and present participles. FUNCTIONS: express possibility. The acceptance of and respect for different opinions. You will pay special attention to these values The importance of expressing our personal opinions about films and books. You will use the following text types: READING: extracts from a book and a magazine / a poster. certainty and doubt / express opinions / ask and answer questions. LISTENING: find the meaning of key words / transfer relevant information to a visual organiser / identify speaker. ORAL PRODUCTION: ask and answer questions / role play a dialogue following a model.UNIT 2 In this unit you will learn to: READING: identify type of text / find general and supporting information. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 26 . WRITTEN PRODUCTION: complete paragraphs / write a film review.

b. Both: b. 6 pts. 3. 14 . a. Films: a. in which the characters and events are usually imaginary. Romance.LITERATURE AND FILMS HOW READY ARE YOU FOR THIS UNIT? 1 Which of the following films are based on books? Use the expressions in the box to introduce your answers.. perhaps you could help the classmates who look confused. We need a printed text. film. b. Novel. 27 . c. f.). i. d. but you could try to improve by sharing answers with your classmates. We can enjoy them on a plane. b. c. They entertain us. a.13: You know enough about literature and films. – i. e. A story long enough to fill a complete book. We need special equipment to enjoy them. and h. talk. Your score: 0 . We can enjoy them on a beach. Books Films Both 6 pts. 2. d. etc. A piece of writing performed by actors in a theatre or on television or radio.) in a Venn diagram..6: You should look up the words that you don’t know in the dictionary and share information with a classmate.. 7 . 3. – f. Film. e. that tells a story. and i.. They are reasonably priced. Play. and is shown on television or at the cinema. Books: d. The written text of a play. d. 3 Match the words in the box with the definitions below (a. g. 4 and 6. We can enjoy them when we are in a group. · film a. 2. f. f.. We need a long time to finish them. c. and e. Short story. A series of moving pictures recorded with sound. f. e. g. Script. h. · I am sure · I believe · I am not quite sure · I am quite certain · I am not certain · _____ certainly is… · I think 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 What are the similarities and differences between books and films? Classify the statements below (a. · novel · play · romance · script · short story A fictional work of prose that is shorter in length than a novel. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 1. We can enjoy them at home. broadcast. 9 pts.21: You are ready to start and enjoy this unit. c. A love affair or a story about one.

which one a poster and which one a part of a book? Justify your choices. 4. · bespeak a. 3 The words in the box are from the texts you are going to read. To denote. Very unpleasant or evil. Where the film was shot. To identify type of text. to show. f. b. Who wrote the screenplay. d. The date the film was made. To identify meaning of key words. g.) · frame Sadness that you feel and show because somebody has died. e.Less on 1 A BOOK AND A FILM BEFORE YOU READ READING Learning abilities 1. The form or structure of a person or animal’s body. c. movie film UNIT 2 Date : noun / a particular day of the month. To keep a permanent account of facts or events by writing them down. · carriage · counteract · despicable · mourning · overcome · record (v. e. Who the director is.) and then check with a dictionary. 2. To match information and visuals. given in numbers and words. The way in which somebody holds and moves their head and body. 4 What kind of information about a film do you think you can find in a film poster? American v/s British English a. · Isabel Allende · Roberto Bolaño · María Luisa Bombal · José Donoso · Baldomero Lillo · Pablo Neruda 2 1 3 4 5 6 2 Have a look at the texts you are going to read on pages 30 – 31. f. 3. To succeed in dealing with or controlling a problem. Information about the actors. c. – h. To do something to reduce or prevent the bad effects of something. 1 Match the names of the authors in the box with their books in the pictures (1 – 6). h. How much the cinema ticket costs. Match them with their definitions (a. to indicate. sometimes in a particular year. Which one is a film review. To make predictions. b. d. 28 .

6. f. The plot description is a summary of the film. Tick the correct statements. The review discusses both the characters and the actors who play them. To synthesise information and transfer it to a graphic organiser. 7. one of the protagonists c.? Choose from the options in the box.). Time ______________________ e. f. 8 Read the film review and the plot description that appears in the poster.g. _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ b. To match information. / To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. d. The acting. e. g. To interpret information. · Excellent · Fabulous · Fairly good · Great · Less convincing · More interesting · One of the best a. 9. The first half of the film. 8. Sometimes more than one answer is possible. The first story in the film. The plot description is more convincing. – f. To find general and supporting information. c. What’s the film critic’s opinion of items a. 6 Indicate in which text you can find the required information (a. The genre of the movie f. b. End _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ 29 .WHILE YOU READ 5 Read the poster and check your predictions in Exercise 4. The author of the book d. . HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities LITERATURE AND FILMS Event map d. d. The film cast e. To validate predictions. The second story in the film. Where filming took place II III 5. a. The plot description provides lots of details. 9 Read the plot of “The House of the Spirits” that appears in texts II and III again and complete this event map. b. 7 Read Text II again. The book “The House of the Spirits”. Learning abilities I a. The review compares the original book with the film. Characters _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ Cast : noun / all the people who act in a play or film. Place ______________________ c. Information about Clara. The film adaptation. The review expresses the writer’s personal opinion. a. Isabel Allende. e. c. A detailed description of Barrabas b. Brief summary of story.

an impression roomful of furniture awaiting movers soft moans of the that the candles. autumn ld record. She never suspected that the past and would use her notebooks to reclaim arrived on a Holy overcome terrors of my own. Beneath these fun so much as a celestial retinue resembled nothing . Barrabás e. and ies became very she was mute.” Isabel official translation by Cedric Belfrage 30 UNIT 2 . As a Sebastian. which no hint of the events that the child wou the parish of San took place during the noon mass in attendance. with her whole family in ts were covered sign of mourning. and had iage of his head defenceless prisoner. recording trivialit fifty years later I important. but the regal carr legendary giant he and the size of his frame bespoke the al day that gave would become.I Chapter one Rosa the Beautiful Clara wrote in her Barrabás came to us by sea. the statues of the sain the congregation in purple robes that the pious ladies of from a cupboard unpacked and dusted off once a year ereal sheets the in the sacristy. Chapter 1. She was already afterwards. Allende. dirty with his Thursday. when writing down important matters. the child in the habit of delicate calligraphy. and the organ were powerless to counteract. It was a bland. the incense. He was in a despicable cag the lost look of a own excrement and urine. Adapted from: “ The House of the Spirits.

th Plot: Chile. and acted piece of characterisation.” Isabel by Cedric Belfrage. Love wins and she stays with Pedro. the second to power and of his cruelty and hypocri convincing). watch the and an enjoyable. Best Editing. Best Screenplay. It is. who urges the workers to fight for a better life. Antonio Banderas Awards: 11 awards including Best Costume . with story.II k with the The movie is an adaptation of the boo best South same title by Isabel Allende. official translation At least : adv / not less than. Taken from: “ The House of the Spirits. III Allende. read the book first. chapter 1.wise. Adapted from: www. yet very “serious” the story. and movie. at leas the story of Ryder and Antonio Banderas. Filming took place in ng takes away from the Portugal and the European setti the majestic sweeping Latin American landscapes. Wynona does not have bad days. Equipo Editorial. Esteban becomes very conservative and is feared by his workers. the and less interesting (and less against the romantic story of two lovers set half of the background of the revolution. written by Billie August Release Date: 1 April 1994 (USA) Genre: Drama / romance Cast: Jeremy Irons. Jeremy Irons. Meryl Streep. He works hard and gets the money to buy a hacienda and become a local patriarch. Best Production. Pedro. great acting If you want to see a good movie. Marrying Clara makes Esteban Trueba a happy man.com Director: Billie August Screenplay: Based on Isabel Allende’s book. the funny. despite set of dentures. ost entirely mitigates the second half of the movie alm the character. one of the riel Garcia American authors (she was called Gab my Irons and Marquez’s heir). ies – the The movie can be divided into two stor ban’s rise Este first and more interesting. movie. The first appearing to movie is excellent. It is a bea Unfortunately. Denmark and fabulous book. the study of sy. Wynona Ryder. and presents ions. she falls in love with a young revolutionary. Glenn Close. When his daughter Blanca grows up. who must choose between her family and her love. the surreal. and at time made after a in my opinion. as it stretches over four generat s. with the a family. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities LITERATURE AND FILMS 31 . but loving Pedro means too much to Blanca. a fairly good movie. Best Design. Esteban tries to stop the love affair between Pedro and his daughter. 20 century. good.flixter. the bad. Costume : noun / the clothes worn by actors in a play or film. gives be talking through an ill-fitting tyranny that a performance of cruel power and utifully written dominates the entire movie. The movie features Jere yl Streep (who Glenn Close (in their good days) Mer t ). Andes and the general atmosphere. If you want to fully understand the way they understand why certain things happen do.

etc. compare with the conversation you completed in Exercise 10 and then repeat it. They are filming a new movie. A: Where does the action take place? B: ____________________________________________________________. b. 14. A: When do the events happen? B: ____________________________________________________________. c. objects. 10. To reflect on the contents of the lesson and relate them to personal experiences. b. Identify the gerunds and the present participles. When gerunds are used as nouns. A: Who are the main characters? B: ____________________________________________________________. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 32 UNIT 2 . 15. ________________________ who _________________________. A: What happens? B: ________________________ marries ________________________ and ________________________. To write a text. but the words in the first sentence of each pair are acting as nouns and we call them gerunds. 11 16 Listen to the recording. 2. Blanca. A: What happens then? B: ____________________________________________________________. Go back to the texts and find more examples of both gerunds and present participles. Marrying Clara makes Esteban Trueba a happy man. To imitate a spoken model. The words in the second sentence of each pair are acting as verbs. Then change the answers to talk about a film you have seen. What similarities and differences do you notice? Which word is a noun and which one is a verb? a. and we call them present participles. All the words end in -ing. To ask and answer questions. They were dancing and singing in the rain. but ________________________________. Denise likes dancing and singing. Frank was swimming in the pool when I saw him. they can be used in the same way that any other noun can be used: subjects. To consolidate a grammar point. 11. Compare the pairs of sentences below paying special attention to the words in bold. 13.Learning abilities AFTER YOU READ 10 Use your notes in Exercise 9 to complete this conversation about the plot of “The House of the Spirits”. Filming took place in Denmark and Portugal. Language Note -ing forms 1. d. 3. Practise and role play the new conversation with a partner. 12. To evaluate learning. objects to prepositions. We first see Esteban Trueba when he is marrying Clara. 12 Examine the sentences below. a. Cooking with my mum is lots of fun.

These questions can help you. 8 pts. – Was the setting successful / the atmosphere appropriate? – Was the cast good and adequate for the film? – What was the sound track like? d. – Paragraph 2: positive things about the film. str . a. Bill’s father opens the front door.) _________________ new things so she (g. f. A person from the group must be the group scribe.) “_________________ home at night is the best thing in the world!”. music.. What didn’t you like? Why? – Paragraph 4: final comments. uctures and ideas fro • We used words. g. express your opinion and make notes. Agree on a brief summary of the film. Read your review and check for spelling and grammar mistakes. rsonal views of the fil • We discussed our pe t of our review. directing.13 MINITEST Complete the following paragraph with the correct form of the verbs in the box. (h.) _________________ and (c. a coherent sequence akes.) _________________ TV are the two things he really loves. You can use the event map in Exercise 9 to help you. Brainstorm and write down a list of adjectives and expressions you can use in the review: Example: amazing scenery / excessive violence / good atmosphere / hair-raising suspense / hilarious / phenomenal/ plenty of details / spectacular visual effects / unexpected plot twists. costumes. m. – Title of the review – make it catchy! – Paragraph 1: summary and your general view. Use these points to evaluate your group work. What have you learnt about Isabel Allende’s first famous novel? Can you express your opinion about it or other books you have read or films you have seen? b. Make notes.) _________________ herself. giving reasons and examples. (b. · arrive · do · enjoy · help · learn · read · sit · watch It is 7:00pm and Bill (a.) _________________ his sister with her homework. The girl doesn’t really like (e. he says. Divide the film into relevant parts: acting. b. a. Say Yes or No. Describe what each of you thought of the film. setting. • Our review follows ar and spelling mist gramm ecked and corrected • We ch r’s opinions. etc. respected each othe • We listened to and 15 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. How important is the opinion of your family when you choose a boyfriend / girlfriend? c. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 6 EXCELLENT! 7 to 8 14 APPLICATION TASK – WRITING You are going to write a group review of a film you have all seen recently.) _________________ at the dinner table in front of the TV. • We prepared a draf m the lesson. a gerund or a participle. What would you do if you were in Blanca’s situation? LITERATURE AND FILMS 33 . e. – Did you think that it was interesting / boring / thought-provoking? – Did it have lasting images and ideas that you particularly liked? c.) _________________ homework. Bill’s mother loves (f. His mother (d. Develop a draft of your review (95 words) including the following parts. What did you like? Why? – Paragraph 3: negative things about the film. Make notes.

To classify information. They are films for young people. Which ones sound similar in Spanish? What do they mean? Find the meaning of the rest in the dictionary. 1 Learning abilities 2 3 4 5 6 2 Answer these questions about the films in your group. They are all based on books. tion me actor adapta an imation camer aman cast costu or direct extra sequel location c soundtra k stunt produce r screenp lay 4 Classify the words in Exercise 3 under the correct heading. Who are the main characters and actors? 1. To connect content and previous knowledge. They were written by British writers. The subject is fantasy. a. People in films Film-making process 5 Which words and expressions from Exercises 3 and 4 would you expect to find in an interview with the author of books about vampires on which two films have been based? 34 UNIT 2 . 4. e. To make predictions. 3. They are / were all bestsellers. f. To connect pictures and content. d. / To find meaning of words. They have historical characters. What is the plot of each of them? b. 5. 3 17 Listen and repeat these words associated with film making. / To relate written and spoken version of words. To identify cognates. a. / To practise pronunciation.Less on 2 DARK FANTASY BEFORE YOU LISTEN LISTENING 1 What do all the films in the pictures have in common? Choose from the alternatives given. 2. b. c.

____________: The film and its soundtrack became really popular with young people. Length of the film c. 17. 11. To identify speakers. 16. The location of the vampire saga is Forks / Washington . a. choose two films you have both seen recently and compare the aspects suggested (a. 18 Listen again and choose the best option. To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. Subject f. What is the first name of the director of “Twilight”? 9 Stephenie Meyer. Sound track e. the Interviewer or the Author. To consolidate vocabulary / To express personal opinions. Characters b. c. How long did the author take to write the first book of the saga? d. What is the name of the third book in this saga? c.3 million copies / 13 million copies . Type of film 10. author of Twilight. To find specific information. a. 8 18 Listen again and write down who said these statements. Location d. To evaluate learning. b.). To reflect on the contents of the lesson and relate them to personal experiences. · as good / bad as · better / worse · rather different · more / less / terribly / incredibly amusing / boring / interesting / popular a. 9. ____________: Both need dedication. d. How many children does this author have? b. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities LITERATURE AND FILMS 35 . The author began writing after having a dream / watching a horror film . To match information and visuals. ____________: Both “Twilight” and “New Moon” were filmed. The purpose of an interview is to obtain information from the interviewee. the protagonist is popular with readers because she is a hero Learning abilities 6. To role play an interview.WHILE YOU LISTEN 6 7 18 Listen to the interview and check your predictions in Exercise 5. e. Learning abilities 11 In pairs. To consolidate a grammar point. 14. 7. To role play dialogues imitating a spoken model. ____________: Readers loved it immediately. To validate predictions. a. c. An interview is conducted in order to make the interviewee feel uncomfortable and angry. To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. a. “Twilight” and “New Moon” sold 1. 15. c. – f. Use the expressions in the box. Bella. 12. b. ____________: I had a dream about a human girl meeting a vampire. An interview is a conversation between two people . 8. / a normal girl . d. b. An interview consists of a series of questions and answers. 18 Listen again and answer these questions. AFTER YOU LISTEN 10 Think about the text you listened to and decide which statements are true about an interview. d.the interviewer and the interviewee. 13.

please? d. – iv. iv. they can take the role of subjects. Are you sure it’s the right size for me? b. 12 Complete these sentences with information from the interview and a gerund. c. After ___________________ about a human girl___________________ a vampire. from. In both sentences a. ii. etc. 1 13 Match the questions in column A (a. d. Stephanie will dedicate more time to ____________________. where is Dalton Street? 3 B i.). Stephanie didn’t expect such success because _____________________ she had planned to do. Adams is really tired of driving. but it could also be after. As gerunds function as nouns. in sentences b. Can you identify the function of the gerund? a. Well. I will dedicate more time to writing vampire stories. I’m not sure. Kenny loves driving his father’s car. objects and objects of a preposition in a sentence. Read these sentences from the interview paying special attention to the words in bold. Stephanie thinks that ________________________ could ruin her books. b. it looks a bit too big for you. A 2 a. of. Role play 4 them in front of the class. c. Mrs. e. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 36 UNIT 2 . a. Is this your final answer? c. the gerund is the subject of the sentence.). Then match the dialogues with the pictures on the left (1 – 4). 3. actually. before. it is the object of a sentence and in sentences c. it is the object of a preposition (in this case to. iii. Lovely! Your girlfriend’ll love these roses. ___________________________ was quite a surprise for the interviewer. between. – d. c. Study these examples and those in Point 1 and try to identify the function of the gerund. Wearing fashionable clothes is not important. I’m absolutely certain I’m right. Next year. Stephanie started _____________________________________. Excuse me. Can I have three of those flowers. The answer is “Of Love and Shadows”. Driving a car is quite difficult. b.Language Note Gerunds American v/s British English movie theater cinema 1. a. I love raising kids and I love writing books. 2.)with the answers in column B (i. b. 14 19 Listen and practise the dialogues in Exercise 13 with a partner. but I think it’s the first street on the right.

I’m sorry I didn’t arrive on time. a. Each of you must choose a topic. d. The first interviewer should ask all his / her questions and then you must change roles. c. tures and ideas from We used words. How did you feel as an interviewer and as an interviewee? Which role was more comfortable? f. Would you marry a physically disadvantaged person? Why? Why not? Interviewee : noun / the person who answers the questions in an interview . like: “So why don’t you like Isabel Allende’s books?” – Don’t ask questions that you know might be embarrassing to the interviewee . b. ns. the lesson. a. which. red in the instructio the suggestions offe • We followed the interview. Fruits and vegetables are good for our health. one of these ideas or one of your own: a favourite type of film / a favourite writer / a person in your family / a place to go on holiday / your likes and dislikes / your future plans.SPEAKING You and a partner are going to prepare and present an interview. __________________________________________ is good for our health. Prepare a list of questions you want to ask your partner. Say Yes or No. – Avoid questions that require a yes / no answer. b. vocabular rrected each other’s • We co pronunciation. d. I’m sorry for ______________________________________________ late. – Be as neutral as possible and don’t offer your opinions or ideas in the questions. where. c. – Ask the questions one at a time and wait for the answer. My sister usually does her homework and then watches TV. Change roles. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 5 EXCELLENT! 6 to 8 American v/s British English vacation holiday 16 APPLICATION TASK . struc • s. when. Would you change the way you are in order to be with someone you love? c. Discuss both interviews. comments. LITERATURE AND FILMS 37 . – Questions should start with what. – Avoid wording that might influence answers. etc. My sister usually watches TV after ________________________________.15 MINITEST Use gerunds to complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Consider these aspects. l of each other’s idea • We were respectfu 17 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. ns and used them in e wrote our questio y and •W grammar. – Encourage responses with occasional nods of the head. What’s your opinion of films based on novels? Can you give more examples? b. 8 pts. My father is good at ___________________________________________. My father repairs all kinds of things. e. who. Use these points to evaluate your performance. why. polite noises. What would you do if the boy or girl that you love belonged to an urban tribe that you really dislike? d. a.

Harr Witchcraft m from the ev . Voldemort of his po y anything about ehow deprived som c. and Petunia Durs the closet r. The three accidentally find is guarding jealou dog at a three-head)ed (*4 steal something th leads them t for the truth youngsters’ ques ol life. They were ce he survived th and . les: everyday scho ross many obstac ac itch is a ditch match (Quidd a bewitched Quid reeort). At Hogwarts them as a wizard be ger. and also killed protecting hi e attack as a baby a witch. The from that event.imd b. Harry makes frie Dursleys. Severus Sn (*3) th teachers and tw that the potions m wi out sly . arrebatar (*3) celosamente (*4) búsqueda de la verdad 38 UNIT 2 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . defeated once ag 24152/plotsummary Adapted from: www. The three of y and his training and Hermione Gran surprised but happ Harry is rs.com/title/tt0 Glossary: (*1) molestar (*2) quitar.CONSOLIDATION ACTIVITIES 1 Read the plot below. is plotting to o other youngste aster. nds the Harry and his frie Luckily for young t is d up and Voldemor situation is cleare ain. never told Harr nds sbelievers in magi . he beca (*2 his true self. under the stairs. an by Vernon being brought up ley. Harry still has a il wizard Voldemor and Wizardry. His cousin . Harry is living in e a family membe e unknown reason For som like a slave than lik treat him more and the Dursleys (*1) e time. h when he died in a car cras d he is was still a baby. strong di gins. the th popular wizard sp her g and many ot headed monster do ded to get to the guar oblems to overcome pr object. Ron Weasley ape. upon receiving s origins. ing Harry all th activity is bother gwarts School of Dudley’s favourite from a certain Ho mysterious letter a nts were a wizard ay. Do you know the name of the film? ive with his Living in Privet Dr very hard uncle and aunt is His parents for young Harry. Sin world of wizardry ar on his fo)rehead me famous in the shaped sc wers. Fluffy. His pare his eleventh birthd the truth about hi lightningOn y finally discovers t.

Write the summary in your notebook. What happened? e. b. a. LITERATURE AND FILMS HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 39 . Where did the action happen? b. Who participated? d. copying the complete sentences.2 Read the plot carefully again and put these pictures in order. 1 2 3 4 5 6 3 Find all the gerunds and present participles in the story. How did it end? 5 Which gerund would you use to complete the instructions for these traffic signs? a. The pictures in Exercise 2 can help you. List them separately in your notebook. Pedestrian ____________. When did it happen? Event map c. Animal ____________. No ____________. d. _____________ prohibited. American v/s British English summarize summarise 4 Read the plot again and use the diagram below to summarise it. c. No U____________. e.

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The young postman delivers mail to only one customer. So you say on your application that you are fluent in two languages.org/wiki/Il_Postino Screenplay : noun / the words that are written for a film. She tells him that Mario had been killed just before the birth of the child. exiled to Italy because of his views. It tells a fictional story of Chilean poet Pablo Neruda and a simple postman . which also includes the sounds of Mario’s death at the rally.wikipedia. and at the same time Neruda and his wife are allowed to return to Chile. Mario is able to better communicate his love to her through the use of metaphors. Mario and Beatrice are later married. Several years later. at a rally in Naples. LITERATURE AND FILMS 41 . but police stormed the place before he could reach the stage. in the village’s only cafe. Neruda comes back to the island and finds Beatrice and her son in the same old cafe. Neruda. together with instructions for how it is to be acted and filmed. Some months later.who learns to love poetry. Beatrice gives Neruda the recording of island sounds. English and…? Text messaging. a b One of the people who applied for the position of journalist at our newspaper wants to know why he didn’t get the job. including the heartbeat of his unborn son. The screenplay of the film was adapted from the novel Ardiente Paciencia by Antonio Skármeta. Adapted from: http://en. With the help of Neruda. In the meantime.2 Enjoy these cartoons and comment them in your group. Mario meets a beautiful young lady. for the crowd. He had been selected to read his poetry. CHILEAN CONNECTION Il Postino is a 1994 film directed by Michael Radford.Mario Ruoppolo . dedicated to Neruda. Mario makes a nostalgic recording of island sounds for Neruda. Beatrice.

as she did in “Thirteen” and “Lords of Dogtown. Using extreme close-ups and unusual angles. the film features stunning views and beautiful landscapes.TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING UNUSUAL VAMPIRES By Lea S. not the traditional vampire attire. unorthodox romance. This is not a typical vampire tale. a normal girl who moves into a secret supernatural world when she falls in love with her mysterious classmate. Hardwicke once again proves her knack for portraying raw teenage experiences.” She directs a young cast of phenomenal talent. the film creates a sweet condensed version for the big screen. and Michael Welch as Mike Newton offer excellent interpretations. this is not the film for you. honest take on Bella. Billy Burke as Bella’s father. and neither is better.teenink. consisting of moody rock songs. the soundtrack fits the tone. The music ties in to the story perfectly. who just happens to be a vampire. Pattinson conveys Edward’s inner troubles really well. Director Catherine Hardwicke and screenwriter Melissa Rosenberg stay true to Meyer’s vision and show a story of the (*2) ultimate forbidden love . coffins. Kristen Stewart gives a fresh. While you can imagine the detailed story unfolding in your head when reading the book. Her simple interpretation allows viewers to live vicariously through Bella and experience what she does. the camera work gives the film an intimate. Edward Cullen (Robert Pattinson). The film itself is visually dynamic. The book and the film are equally satisfying but in different ways.com/Movies/article/65635/Twilight Glossary: (*1) colmillos. Ashley Greene as Alice Cullen. Adapted from: http://www. realistic feel. his complex perception of the character creates a believable Edward. “Twilight”– based on the first book in the best-selling series by Stephanie Meyer – is a faithful adaptation that will captivate fans and new audiences. ataúdes y estacas (*2) amor prohibido 42 UNIT 2 . The film also has an outstanding supporting cast. it is shot in crisp blue tones and the costumes are pallid. Oregon. Both allow you to lose yourself in this passionate. if you are looking for clichéd stereotypes with fangs. Filmed in Portland. The film follows the story of Bella Swan (Kristen Stewart). and stakes through the heart (*1).

5 pts. b. Positive. a. _____: Was there anything about the film that you didn’t like? e. I’m not interested in ____________________ ____________________________________. Thank you for giving me such a beautiful gift. a. LITERATURE AND FILMS 43 . e. The teacher talked about the importance of ____________________________________. The teenager saw a film based on her favourite book last month / last week. c. 5 pts. It was fun watching the rest of the actors / people. 5 Identify the gerunds and the present participles in these sentences. Neutral. 3 pts. I really enjoy __________________________ _______________________ in my free time. Some readers like to add a little adventure / romance as well c. _____: I’ve read all the books and remember even the smallest details. d. He was playing football when I saw him yesterday. 6 pts. Negative.1 Read this film review. 1 pt. b. 2 Read the review again and match the names in column A with the roles in column B. a. I hate doing the same thing twice. d. What is she doing here? e. c. the British teenager (BT) or the Russian young man (RYM)? 5 pts. _____: What did you think of the film? d. Is the film a typical vampire story? Why/why not? b. What is the writer’s general view of the film? a. b. 7 LANGUAGE 4 Complete these sentences with a gerund and your own ideas. ________________________________ is the best form of exercise. What is the reviewer’s opinion of the music of the film? 20 Listen to the recording and choose the best option. c. The young man in the conversation is a film director / a librarian. The teenager’s favourite type of book is fantasy / romantic fiction. d. A Bella Swan Billy Burke Catherine Hardwicke Melissa Rosenberg Robert Pattinson Stephanie Meyer B Author / Writer Film director Main female character Main male actor Screenwriter Supporting actor LISTENING OPINIONS FROM MOSCOW 6 3 Read the review once more and answer these questions. e. ________________________________ is not very good for your health. a. There is only one great passion in his life: writing books. 20 Who said these sentences. c. Where was the film shot? c. b. _____: There were also things that I missed. _____: Teens in my country normally like books with a little bit of mystery. b. a. 5 pts.

Remember to include the plot. You’ve seen “Casino Royale”. I think. The two films __________ quite similar. Practise and role play it with a partner. wasn’t it? Argentina. 10 pts. __________ about “Casino Royale” but __________ if I saw the other film too. 8 pts. Let me think…Chile! Yes.SPEAKING WRITING 8 Use the expressions in the box to fill in the spaces in the conversation below. No. Now that I remember “Quantum of Solace” was filmed in Latin America. didn’t they? HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 44 UNIT 2 . They filmed it somewhere in the desert. __________ it was a different country. your opinion about the director and the cast and a few words about the soundtrack. __________. · I am sure · that’s right · I am not really sure · I am quite certain · I am not certain if · certainly are · I think · You are right Juliet: Brenda: Juliet: Brenda: Juliet: Brenda: Juliet: Brenda: __________ I’ve seen that James Bond film before. __________ you’re wrong. but not “Quantum of Solace”. 9 Choose a film you have seen or a book you have read recently and write a short review (max. 90 words). __________ it was Chile.

Good pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation. Your score Speaking You are expected to be able to complete and participate in a guided dialogue. 9 to 10 Excellent 6 to 8 Good 4 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 3 Unsatisfactory I wrote a review including all the required details. I grasped the majority of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. LITERATURE AND FILMS I understood and applied the language points in all cases. A lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. I deduced just a few bits of the general and specific information. Some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. I deduced and applied the language points in very few cases. I identified most general and specific information correctly.SELF . 6 to 8 Excellent 4 to 5 Good 2 to 3 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory Good pronunciation and no hesitation. I expressed my points of view appropriately. I used different techniques to help me to understand. I understood and applied the language points in some cases. I identified some of the general and specific information.EVALUATION YOUR TEST RESULTS Reading You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. family opinions and diversity raised by the texts. 9 to 10 Excellent 6 to 8 Good 4 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 3 Unsatisfactory I identified almost all general and specific information correctly. Your score Language You are expected to identify and apply two language points. I interacted with other students to do the exercises. I wrote a review with some of the required details. Your score Your score Listening You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. I wrote a review with most of the required details. 9 to 10 Excellent 6 to 8 Good 4 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 3 Unsatisfactory I grasped all the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. 9 to 10 Excellent 6 to 8 Good 4 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 3 Unsatisfactory In this unit I reflected on the issues of love. I wrote a review with very few of the required details. I deduced some of the main ideas and answered just a few of the questions correctly. I made myself understood even if I made some mistakes. Always Sometimes Never YOUR GENERAL PERFORMANCE 45 . I grasped some of the main ideas and answered some of the questions correctly. Your score Writing You are expected to write a short film review. I understood and applied the language points in most cases.

VOCABULARY: words from the areas of technology and scientific inventions. You will pay special attention to these values The importance of “green” technology and the conservation of our environment. You will use the following text types: READING: a brochure. FUNCTIONS: introduce yourself and others. LISTENING: identify information provided prior to listening / discriminate between correct and incorrect information.UNIT 3 In this unit you will learn to: READING: find and classify information / deduce the meaning of new words. WRITTEN PRODUCTION: prepare a brochure / summarise information. LISTENING: an interview. You will also learn: GRAMMAR: the Subjunctive with different verbs. 46 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . ORAL PRODUCTION: imitate model dialogues / complete conversations with provided information.

6 – 10: Your knowledge of technology is good. Solar – 4.. a. ____ Velcro tape. · Geothermal · Nuclear · Solar · Wind 4 pts. Wind – 1. d. 2. c Let me introduce Dr.4. – 1. f. 1 2 3 4 Your score: 0 – 5: Look up the words in a dictionary or ask your teacher to help you... 2 Which of the following were invented in the 20th century? Mark with a tick (√). ____ The microwave oven. h. a 4 pts. c. – d. Geothermal – 2. 3. ____ The typewriter. d. ____ The aeroplane. ____ The Global Positioning System. ____ The karaoke machine. e. c.) with the people in the pictures (1 – 4). 11 – 15: Great job. Nuclear – 3. . d.TECHNOLOGY HOW READY ARE YOU FOR THIS UNIT? 1 Match the speech bubbles (a. but you could improve your vocabulary looking up some words. He is a chemist. b. Meet Giovanni. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 1. d Hi everybody! My name's Ursula and I'm a computer engineer b I'd like you to meet Laura. 47 . a. he is an agronomist. – 3. Glen Jackson. ____ The telephone. h. a. e.. b. – 2. 1 2 3 4 7 pts. c. who is an astronomer. 3 Match the sources of energy in the box with their pictures (1 – 4). ____ The diesel engine. You are ready to start the lesson. g.

A newspaper article. · astronomer · astronomy · chemist · chemistry · design · designer · ecologist · ecology · engineer · engineering · geneticist · genetics · physicist · physics · research · researcher · science · scientist Discipline / Field People who work in it 3 Which words in Exercise 2 look or sound similar in Spanish? 4 Which words from Exercise 2 would you expect to find in a text about “green” technology? Learning abilities WHILE YOU READ 5 Read the text on pages 50 and 51 and check your predictions in Exercise 4. 7. To identify type of text. What technological invention in your house could you not live without? c. c. . How does technology affect our lives and our planet? 2 Classify the words in the box under the corresponding category. support and classify specific information. 8. a. – d. 5. 3. a. Fresh from Salty Water c. To validate predictions. Natural Disposal of Toxic Waste 48 UNIT 3 . 2. 6 What kind of text is it? Choose one option. To connect content and previous knowledge. To classify key words. To identify textual references. Making the Sun Work for us b.). Read the text again and find at least 5 other scientific terms. READING 1. 6. 7 This text has some scientific words such as photovoltaic and phytoremediation. 10. a. To identify cognates. 8 Read the text again and choose one heading (a. Can you deduce their meaning? Check the meaning of the other words in a dictionary. A web page.on 1 Less Learning abilities PLANET SAVING TECHNOLOGY BEFORE YOU READ 1 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. To transfer relevant information to a visual organiser. To predict content from cognates and familiar words. To match information. 4. Harnessing the Power of the Wind d.) for each part of the text (I. What is the most important technological invention of all time? b. 11. There is one heading you do not need to use. To infer meaning of words / expressions. A brochure.III. To find. 9. b.

HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities TECHNOLOGY 49 . b. practise with a partner and role play the dialogue.. Should we use more geothermal energy in Chile? _______________________________________________________. c. ______________. Advantage Disadvantage AFTER YOU READ 12 22 Talk about the advantages and disadvantages of certain inventions. Learning abilities Jordan: Alice: Jordan: Alice: Jordan: Alice: Jordan: Alice: Jordan: Alice: 12. Then listen. To use it you need a place with a lot of sunshine. What do you think is the biggest disadvantage of nuclear energy? _______________________________________________________. ______ ________. e. b. “Green” inventions Solar cells ____________ __. It refers to _________________. To reflect on the content of the lesson and relate it to own experiences. 14. 11 Read the text once more and list at least one advantage and one disadvantage for each invention. It is really very dangerous for humans and animals. 16. 13. f. I prefer food cooked and heated on conventional cookers.. And what’s the advantage of heating up food in microwaves? _______________________________________________________. It refers to _________________. It refers to _________________. line 1) (III. III. paragraph 4. Yes. It refers to _________________. line 5) (II. It refers to _________________. paragraph 3. I think it has improved our communications. What do they refer to? a. Do you think that the invention of the Internet has improved our lives? _______________________________________________________. To practise a structure. Check with the recording. c. it they we it it they (I. paragraph 2. but we must be careful with our environment. To create a new text. 17. 15. And what do you think is the problem with solar energy? _______________________________________________________. a. line 4) (II. Find and classify at least 3 more inventions of each type. especially one containing summarised or introductory information or advertising? 10 These words are highlighted in the text. a brochure is a pamphlet or booklet. line 6) (I. To participate in a guided oral dialogue. paragraph 4. II. paragraph 2. To apply new vocabulary and structures. e. paragraph 1.9 Read the text again. Did you know that. d. d. line 3) (III. line 2) It refers to _________________. Choose the answers from the options below. Conventional inventio ns Calculator ____________ __. To evaluate learning. ______________. ______ ________. Invention I.

buildings. the ozon s very scarce. there are still some disadvantag earth’s amount of sunlight that arrives on the ends on location. British astronomer mal John Herschel proposed that a solar ther ng an collector box be used to cook food duri expedition to Africa. spaces such as the inside of greenhouses and other buildings. it is more depleted and natural resource make the important to promote technology that will technology world greener. ily Even though the rays of the sun are read es: the available. as far back as the 1830s. tricity in two Solar energy can be converted into elec ways: solar cells • Photovoltaic devices (PV devices) or PV change sunlight directly into electricity. time of day. or swimming pools. energy of Today. e electricity • Solar power plants indirectly generat ctors is when the heat from solar thermal colle uces steam that is used to heat a fluid which prod used to power generators. time of year. Here are three more examples. recycled fuels. conditions such as deserts and sunny area Power : verb / to supply a machine or vehicle with the energy that makes it work. In fact. such as heat and electricity. ote locations that systems are often used in rem y are are not connected to the electric grid. 50 UNIT 3 . The and also used to power watches. lighted road signs. I Solar energy is the sun’s rays (solar radiation) that reach the earth. calculators.PLANET SAVING TECHNOLOGY in times Technology is important in our lives and e layer when the earth is getting warmer. surface is not constant and dep ditions. it can be converted into other forms of energy. for example use in it into thermal energy to heat water for to heat homes. Some well-known “green” plastic and bioincludes wind turbines. energy specialists suggest that the converting the sun can have other uses. homes. and weather con that we Today electrical engineers recommend le solar install solar panels in areas with stab s. and .

alternative sources of heating and cooling e. In some areas. etc. oceans. we can make plenty of freshwater supplie . and scientists insist that idea forests to clean up toxic waste. Even though these technologies are real available on there is a little problem: they are still not a large scale. where it re-cond ated form dew or rain. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities TECHNOLOGY 51 . and er (from the certain locations. Researchers at identified bacteria living in University in Britain have enzyme the roots of certain trees that produce an ical compound that eats up residue from RDX. However. but is called can be made into freshwater.III II saline water Humans cannot drink saline water. evaporate from surface sources such as ly comes in and streams. and it is still ancient solution throughout the world today. s. disadvantage is that it help us Ecologists urge that we plant forests to we plant breathe better. but it has The technique has been around for year is a new twist not been very effective. we can Provided that we have salty water availabl n distil or desalinate it. shortages As the world population continues to grow not only in of fresh water will occur more often. da Rosa Shortage : noun / a situation when there is not enough of the people or things that are needed. and more rapidly than in . This process can be imit nature. In process on their times. using artificially.Hardcover. As long as we have lots of s. distillation is a basic process resp er to the hydrologic cycle. salt wat ed into ocean. desalination. y Processes. kind’s earliest Desalination / Distillation is one of man a popular forms of water treatment. there nds green that promises to make toxic dumping grou York in more ways than one. this process salty water. many civilisations used this water. That is the gy that uses behind phyto-remediation. In ships to convert sea water into drinking onsible for nature. technolo industrial vegetation to absorb dangerous waste from plants and other polluters. Chemists advise s where there is up more desalination plants in area water shortage . the mai is still an expensive process. Aldo V. Dew : noun / the very small drops of water that form on the ground. a chem ntists are used by the military and industry. However.the result is a bio-rem system that smells nice too! ly interesting. to increase the tree’s ability to absorb toxi the University Meanwhile. during the night. Adapted from: Fundamentals of Renewable Energ Second Edition. The water vapour eventual enses to contact with cooler air. a team of geneticists from bacteria that of Georgia has transplanted a gene from into a helps neutralise mercury contamination ediation common flower . The scie r the enzyme working on ways to genetically enginee c waste. The sun causes wat lakes. for instance) is already being turn that we set freshwater for drinking.

there are still some problems. The Subjunctive is used after the following verbs: · advise · ask · command · demand · desire · insist · propose · recommend · request · suggest · urge 3. British astronomer John Herschel proposed that a solar thermal collector box be used to cook food. a. If we have plenty of salty water. Example: “Eat more vegetables. she is not nice at all. What do you notice about all these sentences? Choose two correct options. As long as.Learning tip 13 Go back to the text and find sentences that mean the same as these.) with the pictures below (1 – 4). It was.” dentists advise. We also use even if to indicate something theoretical or hypothetical. – d. c. he can speak English very well. Example: I will help you as long as you ask me politely. even if. provided that indicate a condition and mean the same as if. we can turn it into fresh water.” he urged. He urged that we eat more vegetables. Example: Even though he is Chilean. “Brush your teeth after each meal. c.” the sign requests. c. “Why don’t we all go to the beach. The structure is called the Subjunctive mood. and c. Although solar energy is quite common. Go back to the text and find two more examples of the Subjunctive. a. Rewrite them in your notebook using the Subjunctive. 14 Match these sentences (a. In fact. c. importance or urgency. Some of them are: Even though. Language Note The Subjunctive with that 1. a British scientist who used solar energy for the first time. b. Chemists advise that we set up more desalination plants. in reality. “Take off your shoes before entering the temple. 1 2 3 4 52 UNIT 3 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . They are all in the past tense. In fact means in reality. b. Example: Sandra is not very friendly. They all express a recommendation. The correct answers are b. b. a. d. They mean although. Ecologists urge that we plant forests. a. b. 2. Read these sentences from the text paying special attention to the parts in bold.” Sonia suggested. “How about going to the cinema?” I proposed. We use certain connectors to link parts of sentences and to make short sentences into longer ones. They all use the structure verb + that + infinitive without to.

REVISE AGAIN 1 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 4 EXCELLENT! 5 to 6 16 APPLICATION TASK – WRITING You are going to write a brochure in your group. What is your personal contribution to protecting the future of our planet? TECHNOLOGY 53 . charts. Who is my target audience? iv. Give only necessary information . The doctor recommended ______________________________________. e. Ask your teacher to help you evaluate your brochure. iv. a. is your message to offer a warning or simply to inform? d. e. Use the Subjunctive you have learnt in this lesson. a. She insisted __________________________________________________.15 MINITEST Use a verb from the box in the Subjunctive and your own ideas to complete the sentences below. c. pictures. The importance of computers and the World Wide Web. • We included approp d structures learnt in e used expressions an ion. The computer is not working! d. What should we do about global warming and climate change? ii. if you choose global warming. i.a bigger font. f. Keep your sentences short and to the point. · drink · fly · read · return · take · vote a. What have you learnt about “green” technology? b. the lesson. Plan the layout of your brochure carefully. I propose _______________________ and once there we can rent a car. hure in sections • We divided our broc riate information. Has your opinion about the best invention of all time changed? Why? Why not? d. What are its parts? What’s its length? b. I demand ___________________________. i. The teacher suggested _______________________________________ as a good example of Spanish literature. What message do I want to get across? iii. How can it affect us and our planet? c. Add graphs. iii. The most important inventors and inventions of all time. Determine the purpose of the brochure your group will design by answering these questions. Proof read your brochure and make sure there are no grammar or spelling mistakes.). a different colour or bold print. re. These headings should stand out . c. The President urges ___________________________________________. f. Choose one of the topics below (i.most people do not want to read long texts. •W errors and punctuat ecked and corrected • We ch 17 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. h. Use headings to draw attention to sections in your brochure. Go back to the brochure on page 50 and look at its format. g. Follow these points and say Yes or No. essage of the brochu the topics and the m • We analysed re. etc. b. Another topic of your choice. What is the purpose of my brochure? For example. thinking about an area you feel comfortable with and where you know you can find sufficient information. – iv. design of the brochu • We agreed on the . What do I want to achieve? ii. 6 pts. Remember first impressions are lasting.

____ Financial services f. Mum. · breathe out · crop · drought · increase (v. What kind of instruments can you find in a science laboratory? 2 Match the pictures (1 – 4) with the bubbles (a. 2. d I don't think we've met before. · boost a prefix is a part of a word that is attached to the word at the beginning to either give it a new meaning or to modify it? Examples: uninteresting. To find the meaning of key words and identify their pronunciation.) · ore · rise · spoil · wrinkly · yeast 5 Mark with a tick (√) the areas of life in which you think biotechnology can be used. 3. What do you think the word biotechnology means? b.on 2 Less Learning abilities THE TECHNOLOGY OF LIVING THINGS BEFORE YOU LISTEN 1 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. impatient.). ____ Education c. – d. 1 2 3 a 4 c Susan. let me introduce Professor Browning. b Ladies and gentlemen. I'm Jenny Jones. mispronounce. I'd like you to meet my friend Bill. To predict content from the context. To connect content and previous knowledge.my new girlfriend. To match information and pictures that represent it.. a.. ____ Mining 54 UNIT 3 . a. 23 Listen and repeat these words. etc. ____ Health e. 3 To which of these words can you attach the prefix bio? What do the newly formed words mean? cake chemistry dentist fuel logical mass physics technology 4 Did you know that. this is Judy . dishonest. ____ Energy d. Check their meaning in a dictionary. What is DNA? Does every living organism have it? c. LISTENING 1. To infer the meaning of key words. ____ Agriculture b. 4. 5.

There is still no ___________ for cancer and the common cold. d. They keep it from spoiling. crops a. To draw conclusions. To consolidate vocabulary through a game. b. Biotechnology is essential to improve food quality. They keep it from spilling. How can biotechnology be used in medicine? c. 9. Humans haven’t noticed the presence of biotechnology in their lives. To find general and supporting information. To consolidate vocabulary. 8. c. For more than four thousand years. To consolidate grammar and vocabulary. 17. Lemonade is a ___________ of water. To find specific supporting information. Rely on : verb / to need or be dependent on sth. To validate predictions. To evaluate learning. 13. It makes it rest. Where does the word biotechnology come from? i. e. 24 Listen again. To reflect on the content of the lesson and relate it to own experiences. c. For more than fourteen thousand years. Why is it important that we plant drought resistant plants? d. What were fruits such as apples like before biotechnology? i. My favourite food is a ___________ cheese and ham sandwich. b. From three Greek words. 7. What do Lactic bacteria do to milk? i. What is the effect of yeast on bread? i. / sb. d. 15. 12. To discuss an issue. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities TECHNOLOGY 55 . Extremely sour. sugar and lemon juice. It’s very important that scientists take care when doing their experiments. 11. wheat and potatoes. Most copper ___________ is mined from large open pit mines. 18. To consolidate a grammar point. From three Latin words. What is the meaning of the word biotechnology? b. c. e. b. It makes it rise. a. For how long has biotechnology been around? i. To imitate a spoken model. ii. 24 Listen once more and answer these questions. · cure · mixture · ore · toasted Humans rely on ___________ such as rice. ii. 9 American v/s British English corn maize AFTER YOU LISTEN 10 What is the main conclusion you can draw from the text? a. a. 14. 10. Extremely soft.WHILE YOU LISTEN 6 7 8 24 Listen to the programme and check your predictions in Exercise 5. Why is it imperative that scientists are careful when doing their experiments? Learning abilities 6. ii. Which of the introductions in Exercise 2 are used in the programme? 24 Listen again and choose the best option. To find specific information. 16. ii. Learning abilities 11 Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with these words from the listening text. ii.

Tony: Hi. Clive: Hello. you practise every day. Steve: How are you doing? Tony: And the girl on your left is Naomi. a. practise in groups of five and then role play the conversation for the class. Your test is next week so it’s vital that c. 12 Match the two parts of the sentences. c. Tony: Sorry! Well. everybody. Gina: Hello. Gina. When you drive a car it’s imperative that f. They all express a sense of urgency and importance. 13 25 Work with a partner and try to put these sentences in order to form a conversation. They all use the structure to be + adjective + that + infinitive without to. Tony: Finally. Gina. What do the examples have in common? Choose two correct options. b.Language Note The Subjunctive (continued) 1. It is imperative that scientists take care when doing their experiments. Christmas is approaching so it’s a good idea that b. It is urgent that we plant crops resistant to droughts. and they are another use of the Subjunctive mood in English. the guy sitting next to Naomi is Steve. Other adjectives that we use in the same way are: · best · crucial · desirable · essential · imperative · important · recommended · urgent · vital (that) The Subjunctive is also used with the expressions it is a bad / good idea that … 3. The first sentence of the conversation is in red. Write the complete sentences in your notebook. Gina: Hi. you take some extra vitamins. Read these examples from the listening text. 2. and you? Gina: Tony. c. Gina: Nice to meet you. aren’t you going to introduce me? Naomi: Nice to meet you too. They are all in the future tense. a. a. ii. first. we all try to save it. Our planet is in danger! It’s urgent that d. The answers are b. vi. you pay attention to the traffic signs. Naomi. Clive. we start buying gifts. It’s essential that we add a living organism. Compare with the recording. Gina: Not too bad. Write sentences about the uses of biotechnology mentioned in the listening text using these adjectives and the Subjunctive. To be a good musician it’s important that i. b. v. Listen. the guy on your right is Clive.you begin studying now. paying special attention to the parts in bold. iv. As you are an athlete it’s recommended that e. and c. iii. 56 UNIT 3 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities .

Ask your teacher to listen to the presentations c. g. m the lesson. the risks. Choose one person to take notes. O’Hanlon said about safety in add. He is not an expert.useful inventions 17 APPLICATION TASK .biotechnology c. Can you name at least four areas in which biotechnology is important? c. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities TECHNOLOGY 57 . i. – d.). a. d.inventors b. a. Talk about possible dangers and their consequences. care when doing their experiments in safe h. etc. correct and then choose a person to biotechnology: “It’s imperative that scientists take be the presenter of the group’s conclusions.strange inventions d. Game 3 . 15 MINITEST Finish the sentences using the Subjunctive. vocabulary Example: It’s a bad idea that students eat or drink • We corrected each other’s gr in the laboratory while doing experiments. What does a biotechnologist do? What subjects must you study if you want to become one? b.14 Use the linking expressions in the Learning Tip on page 52 to join these sentences into one. laboratory environments”. etc. in a lab ( goggles . It is safe to do experiments. Join another group and compare conclusions. a. when doing experiments in a laboratory. b. Talk about actions that should not be done in • We follo e presentation. It is a bad idea ______________. He knows a lot about biotechnology. c. pronunciation. b. Use these points to evaluate your performance. Discuss why it is important that we take care and correct errors and pronunciation. fire extinguishers. Ask the note-taker to read his / her notes aloud. check. str 18 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. b. Use the subjunctive. GOOD JOB! 3 to 5 EXCELLENT! 6 to 8 1 to 2 16 Play Tic-Tac-Toe with a partner using the subjects below (a. Game 4 . List actions that should be done in the laboratory. We reduce the use of fossil fuels. • We used words. s to use them for th and any laboratory. c. d. a. Game 1 . Game 2 . dust. Use the Internet or the library if necessary. would you do it? Why? Why not? Goggles : noun / a pair of glasses that fit closely to the face to protect the eyes from the wind. We follow specific safety measures. Say Yes or No. a. j. uctures and ideas fro f.SPEAKING Example: It’s essential that we pay attention to You are going to discuss an issue in your group. It is urgent _______________. Read what Dr. What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of biotechnology in connection with food? d. REVISE AGAIN 8 pts. • We wrote our idea ammar. It is a good idea ___________. List the equipment that helps to prevent accidents tions. It is recommended ___________. If you could choose the sex or any other physical characteristics of your child.) offered in the instruc wed the suggestions e. We still need other sources of energy.

add two more situations with their corresponding introductions. At school e. Good morning. ____________________________________________________________ 58 UNIT 3 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . ii.CONSOLIDATION ACTIVITIES 1 Form pairs of sentences with similar meaning. d e It's recommended that you switch off the lights when you are not using them. Miss Jenkins. f You should turn off the lights when you leave the room. let me introduce a new student. She’s Bella Young and she is from a school in Oregon. ____________________________________________________________ vi. Good evening. Children. On a home visit c. __________ f. __________ Introduction i. v. I’m Danny Lamb from Blue Electric. b I think it would be good if we used our cars less and our bikes more. this is your captain speaking. 1 2 3 2 Match the situations (a. You requested an electrician. – d.) with the introductions (i. c It's important that we take care when handling dangerous substances. On a flight d. iii. Situation a. a It's a good idea that we cycle more. Then match them with the pictures. ladies and gentlemen. On the phone b. When working with dangerous chemical materials we should be really careful.). – iv. iv. Then. Hello? Can I speak to Irene Carter? My name is Helen Bingham and I’m calling from British Telecom.

the carousel. perhaps ll to collect only wh and about 650 we ia are using my invention . That is why I thought it is vital that we help Africans to access water easily and cheaply. It is important that I first tell you why I invented it. It is essential that in d your qu I hope that I have answere s. a. take care of our resource Yours Trevor Field Adapted from: The Times.3 Read the letter below and put this information (a. . I propose that we use the magic roundabout on other continents such as South America and Asia.d. “It is a good idea that they use their carousels to pump water from the holes”. roundabout. we have been installed in South times when our planet is estion.)____________________ holes. 17 April. 2005 by Christina Lamb.)___________________ e” playing.iv. 1 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 2 3 TECHNOLOGY 59 . explain it? (i. Every day children play easier __________ en it (iii.)____________ and irrigation is really sca world so water for drinking areas of the _____________ (ii. every day. the magic where you are asking abou your letter Thank you very much for How do I start to e favourites. (iv. the Africa.usually the mo 25 litres. 28 March. at they can carry. as Uganda system could go all over Now many nations such _____________ In fact. 2010 Cape Town. South Africa Dear Suomi.) back in the correct places (i. driest on one of children’s all-tim based of Africa are some of the It is quite simple and it is _____. b. especially wh their children “wasting tim st water hole or rents do not mind This is one time when pa long distances to the neare – spending hours walking thers saves them . Mozambique and Zamb the world. c. These holes are ess to water is from bore ing countries the only acc the work much velop rk! My idea was to make In many rural areas of de d it is really very hard wo pumps an usually operated by hand love it. So I thought: on roundabouts and they . t my invention. d. . The fact is that parts ____________ rce.)_ in danger.). 4 Which of the three pictures (1 – 3) corresponds to the magic roundabout? Why? Explain your choice.

g. It is temporary and you can remove it any time you want. Hey kids. Easy to use. a.) and match them with the pictures (1 – 7). When it is sunny it keeps the sun off your head. Want to feel over the Moon? You can now. When it is raining it keeps the rain off your face. well. Tired of the mess a real tree can make on your carpet? Here is the answer! Thanks to the magic of digital technology. what time is it?! That used to be an easy question to answer. Do you think that the products they advertise are real? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 Read the descriptions of the products (a. you can soothe your tired muscles and rub away your tensions. shoulder or..JUST FOR FUN 1 Look at the pictures. now it is even easier. It is easy to use and folds up neatly when you are not wearing it.sillygifts. b.com 60 UNIT 3 . d.. Any time you want. f. You can tear off a long piece and put it around your entire arm. it runs on long-life batteries. No need to travel into space! Adapted from: www. What can be simpler than preparing a glass of chocolate? Well. e. – g. anywhere. or a small piece for your leg. But why make everything easy? Have some fun with this wonderful invention. Just order a pair of Moon Boots and you will really believe you are walking on the surface of our only satellite. c. your TV screen will display a life-like beautiful tree – so fresh you can practically smell it. Just push the button and the Moo Moo Mixer will do the work for you.

called bioleaching.codelco. PowerPoint presentation “Biotechnology for Mining”. are on three tiny bacteria identified by their indigenous names: Wenelén. What would be the slogan you would use. including places with extreme conditions where no other type of organism can survive.). the state-owned Codelco. I think _________________________________ can be quite useful. etc. Everyone knows that copper is the most important Chilean export and that the country’s economy largely depends on it. c. Live : adj / living. Bioleaching is much cleaner and more environment-friendly than the traditional method which uses a powerful poison called cyanide to extract the metal from the ore. Where to advertise it (TV. Adapted from: http://www. a. which is then collected in a solution.htm And R. In recent times. The bacteria feed on nutrients in the mineral. newspapers. I would buy __________________________ for my friend _______. d. by catalogue. TECHNOLOGY 61 .3 Complete these sentences with your opinion of the products. supermarkets. 4 In pairs. Licanantay and Yagán. the technology to get pure copper from copper ore has changed substantially. Example: Essential – no teen can do without it! d. Where you would sell it (department stores. billboards). These micro organisms are truly living fossils and are extremely successful as a form of life. CHILEAN CONNECTION Use the Internet or books from the library to find out the meaning of the three names of the bacteria mentioned in the text. Consider the following aspects: a. Besides. The eyes of the biggest Chilean copper producer. since the bacteria occur there naturally. I think _________________________________ is the most useless. I would buy ____________________________________ for myself. Who would be your target audience. bioleaching produces less air pollution and little damage to geological formations.cl/english/desarrollo/reporte/2007/mira_mineriafuturo_texto. These are a group of bacteria known as chemoautotrophs (live entities that harvest energy through simple chemical reactions between inorganic compounds such as iron. Millions of years before the human species appeared on this planet there already existed live organisms capable of extracting metal from rock. is based on biotechnology. choose one of the products and design a publicity campaign for it. b. b. c. by Codelco and Bio-sigma. September 2005. Badilla. copper and sulphur). The new process. radio. separating the sterile material from the metal. not dead. as they are found in almost all the Earth’s crust.

This is n fraction of the £150 billio that leading nations are considering spending on the reduction of CO2 emissions each year. impact on include the human costs as agriculture and different industries such flooding. you ‘When you spray saltwate condense around. 62 UNIT 3 . Reap : verb / to obtain sth.3 billion. marine cloud The technique. tourism and the effect of t on They found every £1 spen uld reap stratospheric aerosols wo r every £1 £15 of benefits. David Young. 7 August. which would scatter layer of particles like soot ng a cooling effect for and absorb sunlight. However. would create a cooling effect by Ocean that would have from Earth. 2009. howeve g would spent on cloud whitenin bring £2. sucking up sea water would criss-cross the se through tall funnels. ing nonThey added that develop s will take fossil fuel energy source gh hybrid a very long time.. es It is also more than 25 tim lion cheaper than the £140 bil Taken from: Daily Mail. good. idered was a plan to The final suggestion cons o space to shield launch tiny sunshades int Sun’s rays.000 ships A wind-powered fleet of a. Earth from some of the to its astronomical cost this was discounted due of £236 trillion.000 of benefits. that you have done. especially sth. create nuclei that clouds r clouds. Soot : noun / black powder that is produced when wood. known as clouds above the Pacific whitening. new effective way of tackling research has found. coal. and spraying it upwards r into the air. This schem by creating a hazy cooling effect of volcanoes .TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING __________ ernative of stratospheric cost of developing the alt e would mimic the aerial insertion.’ said bouncing more sunlight in charge of the study. Althou available and electric vehicles are niche in Britain. creati at least a year. as a direct result of sth. Scatter : verb / to throw or drop things in different directions so that they cover an area of ground. this way creating bigger and white back into space. etc. a scientist ud The study found that clo ely whitening could effectiv wipe out the effects of ury climate change this cent with a cost of not more a than £5. is burnt. reflecting sunlight away nearly 2. they are still a nt market despite governme incentives to ‘go green’. clouds by spraying Special ships that create be the most cost seawater into the air could climate change. d the overall cost of The authors also compare st / benefits that the schemes with the co uld have. These would reducing temperatures wo on health.

b. d. The cost of cloud whitening is lower than any other way of fighting global warming. 4 Read the text once more. 4 pts. 7 B 15 The total cost of cloud whitening. a. A 8 3 Read the text again. ___ Tiny scissors for laboratory use 26 Listen to the interviews again and circle what you hear. LISTENING CUTTING EDGE TECHNOLOGY 5 26 Listen to two short interviews. 5. Green Ships Fight Global Warming 6 2 Read the text again and match the numbers in column A with what they correspond to in column B. 1 pt. the ________________. a. c. a. c. b. There are no hybrid or electrical vehicles in Britain. b. Global Warming – The Latent Danger c. is useful because ______________________________. 2 pts. genes and other tiny objects. In a university classroom. TECHNOLOGY 63 . b.3 billion The cost governments are considering spending on the reduction of CO2 emissions. 2. b. Interview I: _______ Interview II: _______ a. In a coffee shop. Cheap Measures To Eliminate Global Warming b. c. the ________________. c. 150 billion Benefits for each pound spent on stratospheric aerosols. The cloud whitening project would be developed over the Atlantic Ocean. is useful because ______________________________. Invention 1. b. Where does each one take place? Choose from the options provided. They are opened and closed with laser rays / light. ___ Cutting edge computer programming. 4 pts. What are the two main advantages of using marine cloud whitening? 2 pts. a. Doctors rub a small / tiny amount of special cream into the skin. ___ Laser technology for medical use. d.1 Read the text and choose one of these titles for it. d. A nanometre is ________________________. 26 Listen again and tick (√) the inventions that are mentioned. c. ____________________________________. Are these 4 pts. An alternative way to combat global warming is to use giant umbrellas.000 The number of ships to be used in the project. In the street. a. 2 pts. We use them to hold and even to cut / divide molecules. In a laboratory. 3 pts. 26 Listen to the interviews once more and complete these sentences. d. I saw it in a magazine / on TV the other day. statements true or false? a. Invention 2. ____________________________________. ___ Genetic manipulation of skin cancer cells.

He didn’t study for the test. The scientist recommended _____________. The doctor suggested __________________. John and Susan. Marie proposed ________________________. 1 2 11 Finish these sentences using your own ideas. my name’s Gareth Fitzgerald and I’m from Ireland. a. Gibbs. a. d. Gareth: Hi everybody. may I introduce my boss. Then practise them with a partner and role play them in front of another pair. a. my husband. “Submit the paper on Monday at the latest. Diana: Jenny: 10 Use one of the linking words in the box to complete the sentences. c. ______________ she looks oriental she was born and brought up in Toronto. · as long as · even though · in fact a. b. Palmer? Jenny. b. John. d. “We should sell the tickets at 3 pounds each. 10 pts. Ben: Mrs. Friends: Hello. 3 pts. It’s essential __________________________. c. ______________. Gibbs: How do you do. – d. Mr. b. Claire: Tom. It’s urgent ____________________________. I’d like you to meet my parents. meet John. c. 12 Match the introductions (a. 4 pts. Tom: Nice to meet you. 64 UNIT 3 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities .” the teacher insisted. 10 pts. “We must take the necessary steps to reduce global warming now!” the scientist recommended. Include a short description of the three inventions and the advantages and disadvantages of each one. I was surprised that he passed it at all. 3 pts. Gareth.) with the pictures (1 – 4). Mr.LANGUAGE SPEAKING 9 Rewrite these sentences using the provided openings. It’s vital ______________________________. Use the Subjunctive wherever possible. I will help you with the dishes ____________ you dry and put them away. “Drink lots of water and have three light meals a day. c.” the doctor suggested. Delighted to meet you. 3 4 WRITING 13 Go back to the brochure on page 62 and summarise it in about 100 words. Palmer? Mrs. The teacher insisted ____________________. b.” Marie proposed.

I applied the items only in one or two cases. and no hesitation. vocabulary and spelling mistakes. I actively participated in the discussions related to technology issues. and some hesitation. vocabulary or spelling mistakes. Never TECHNOLOGY 65 . I identified most general and specific information correctly. with no grammar. I deduced some of the main ideas and answered just one or two questions correctly. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 2 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory I applied all the items in all cases. vocabulary and spelling mistakes. I applied most of the items in most cases. I grasped some of the main ideas and answered some questions correctly. 9 to 11 Excellent 5 to 8 Good 2 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory I grasped all the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. Language You are expected to apply the subjunctive and three connectors. I grasped the majority of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. I wrote the text but followed very few indications. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 3 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory In this unit I wrote the text following all the indications. Always Sometimes Your score YOUR GENERAL PERFORMANCE I reflected on my personal contribution to preserving our planet. I identified some general and specific information correctly.EVALUATION YOUR TEST RESULTS Reading You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. and with a lot of grammar. A lot of pronunciation and intonation mistakes. I applied some of the items in some cases. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 3 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory Good pronunciation and intonation. with very few grammar. I applied the learnt structures and vocabulary in the exercises. and a lot of hesitation. Your score Speaking You are expected to role play dialogues of introduction. vocabulary or spelling mistakes. I showed respect for other students' opinions and ideas. I deduced a few bits of the general and specific Information. Your score Writing You are expected to write a summary. I wrote the text following most indications. Your score Your score Listening You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. I used different strategies to understand and to make myself understood. Some pronunciation and intonation mistakes. 9 to 11 Excellent 5 to 8 Good 2 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory I identified almost all general and specific information correctly. I wrote the text following some indications and with some grammar.SELF . Acceptable pronunciation and intonation. and minimum hesitation.

painting. ORAL PRODUCTION: talk about art forms and preferences. WRITTEN PRODUCTION: write an article on art. 66 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . sculpture and others.UNIT 4 In this unit you will learn to: READING: locate and classify specific information. FUNCTIONS: express likes and preferences. find specific information. LISTENING: a conversation. respecting and creating art in different forms. You will pay special attention to these values Paying attention to. You will also learn: GRAMMAR: the Past Perfect tense (affirmative. You will use the following text types: READING: an article. VOCABULARY: words related to art forms such as music. LISTENING: identify speakers. negative and interrogative).

recorder. Styles: ballad. c. flattened shape. e. country. drums.a round. Hexagon . People Instruments Styles · accordion · arranger · ballad · cellist · classical · composer · country · disc jockey · drums · flute · gospel · jazz · piano · recorder · reggae · singer · trumpet · vocalist Your score: 0 – 4: Look up the words in a dictionary or ask your teacher to help you. b. 3. 1 2 3 4 5 4 pts.Picture 1. . 11 – 16: Great job. disc jockey.Picture 3.a geometric shape with six sides. 5 – 10: Well done. but you could improve your vocabulary looking up some words. .Picture 4.Picture 2.Picture 5. singer. flute.a geometric shape with three sides. 4 The keyboard is a rectangle. composer.e. b. a. piano. d. Instruments: accordion. vocalist.a geometric shape with four sides that are at right angles to each other.) with the pictures (1 –5). 2 The tambourine is a circle. People: cellist. You are ready to start the lesson. Oval .YOUNG ART HOW READY ARE YOU FOR THIS UNIT? 1 Match the descriptions (a. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 1. classical. d. trumpet. Rectangle . Circle . e. 3 The harp is a triangle. . c.a perfectly round shape. reggae. 2 What shapes are these instruments? 1 2 3 4 6 pts. . 3 Classify the words in the box under the corresponding category. a. 2. . 6 pts. 67 . . gospel. Triangle . 1 The violin is an oval. jazz.

To predict using previous knowledge. ____________ has more interesting lyrics than rock and roll. a. To match information and pictures that represent it. 4. ____________ music is louder than classical music. ____________ is as entertaining to watch as heavy metal. To connect topic and personal experiences. ____________ is as good as pop.. g. Why do you prefer some kinds of music to others? c.on 1 Less Learning abilities URBAN RHYTHMS BEFORE YOU READ 1 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. 3. In my opinion ____________ is better than pop music. e. d. b. ____________ music is older than hip hop. 68 UNIT 4 . Do the pictures help you decide? How? 1 Classical 2 Heavy metal 3 Folk Did you know that. READING 1. scientists believe that thousands of years ago. Why do you think people like music? b.. 2. How many musical instruments can you name in one minute? 2 Put these music styles along the time line according to the pictures and your previous knowledge. a. f. ____________ is newer than rock and roll. To express opinions. 5. To identify cognates. c. 4 Hip hop 5 Pop 6 Rock and roll 3 Compare the types of music in Exercise 2 using the sentences provided. before people learnt how to speak simple music was a means of communication? Ancient people communicated imitating animal sounds (for example the roar of a lion to tell their tribe that danger was approaching) or the sound of wind or water to say that a river was near.

000 years? You can find information about instruments. b. The best age to learn to play rap music. 8. c. Connection (I) b. To identify synonyms.dsokids. To find and match specific information.htm 10 Find synonyms for the following words in the text. Describes the typical rapper look. 7. The number in brackets indicates the paragraph. e. b. 9 Read the text again and tick the corresponding paragraph. b. area where one lives (II) YOUNG ART 69 . The years when rap music was most popular. The history of rap music. II III IV V one of the oldest instruments on Earth is the didgeridoo . a. Bad name (III) d.) for each paragraph (I. 8 Read the text again and choose one heading (a. . Source (II) c. b. Mentions female rappers. Mentions what a “toast” is .71 and check your prediction in Exercise 5. A daily newspaper.com/2 001/instrumentchart. d. Words of a song (V) f. . with a brief history of each at http://www.. Locality. Learning abilities 7 Where do you think the text came from? a.e. WHILE YOU READ 6 Read the text on pages 70 . Which of them look / sound similar in Spanish? Do you know their meaning? Check in a dictionary. 9. To identify type of text. d. · audience · captive · dimension · explosive · lyrics · popularity · rhyme 5 You will read an article called The Rapping Years. c. I Mentions different types of music. A magazine dedicated to fine art studies. e.. c. To find and transfer relevant information to a visual organiser.4 Read the words in the box. a. a. What do you think it will be about? a. A music magazine for teens. Explain your choice. Lists the bad sides of rap. 6. Differentiate (IV) e. c.the traditional instrument of the Aboriginal peoples of Australia used for over 40. To validate predictions.V. 10.). SOME FAMOUS RAPPERS RAP CRITICS HAVE THEIR SAY FROM AFRICA TO THE BRONX THE AFRICAN AND JAMAICAN ROOTS OF RAP MUSIC DIFFERENT MUSIC THROUGH THE DECADES Did you know that.

Before the slightly violent and aggressive rap of the eighties and nineties. rapping was a street art. Every so often a new style of music eme rges that takes America by storm and comes to represent the generat ion that grows up with it. and Philadelphia. where tribesmen held “men of words”in high regard. in particular. three decades later it took over inner-city schoolyards and street corners. followed by the pop of the 60’s.”These are narrative poems that tell stories in rhyme.The development of rap music from its inner-city roots to its breakthrough in the 80’s with rappers like the Sugar Hill Gang and artists like Salt-n-Pepa. Washington.. Another origin of rap is a form of Jamaican folk stories calle d“toasts. Perhaps no other form of music has crossed as man y boundaries and become a bridge between America’s many cultures as rap has. the captives mixed American music with the beats they had heard in Africa.S. Its origins can be traced to West Africa. Before rap became popular it had evolved from African people in general and black people born in the U. Span : verb / stretch over. the art of rapping has evolved into something that span s cultural and lifestyle dimensions and appeals to all kinds of people all over the world. the 1970’s brought folk music and disco. As early as 1974 neighbourhood block parties in New York featured early forms of rapping. Over a hundred years later. extend from one point to another. and in the 80’s it was rap. Today. Although it had first been sung in the 1950’s.C. This music style was slow ly growing in popularity among black teens in New York City. In the 50’s it was rock’n’roll. When slaves were brought to the New World. D. 70 UNIT 4 . early raps had been tales and insu lts directed at other rappers.

More than 30 years have now passed and rap still has a huge following among people of all ages and socio-economic backgrounds. In the 80’s many raps were commen taries on the hardships of ghetto life. The performers don’t deny that rap music speaks openly about harsh topics. drugs and racism. Grandm aster Flash. From its origins in the gang dominion of Bronx and the dancehalls of downtown ghettos. Hardcover by Soren Baker. Monie Lov e. Those topics led some parents to fear that rap encourag ed youths to turn to violence and illegal substance use.But it wasn’t until the commercial success of“Rapper’s Delight”by the Sugar Hill Gang in 1979 that major record labels took notice of this explosive new sound.M. while considered by some to be a fad that would eventually lose its appeal. After he had migrated to the Bronx he brought with him the art of Jamaican rapping. right and wrong. In the Bronx. and Queen Latifah rapped over R&B melodies and expressed lyric s that touched on womenrelated issues.A. Other early rappers had been Jamaicans such as U Roy. Even women rappers surfaced in the mainstr eam rap music scene. Rap historians cite young Jamaican Cliv e Campbell as one of the proponents of rap music. Adapted from: The Music Library . Kool Herc (sho rt for Hercules).C. warnings about drugs and about teen age love or lust. rap and its clos e relative hip-hop are enjoying its largest popularity ever as a result of its mainstream acceptance. Organisations such as the Parents’ Music Resource Center had fits over lyrics in rap and hiphop which contained explicit references to sex. Also.. and Run-D. Rastafari-clad you th wore oversized shirts and jackets paired with low-riding oversized jeans that expo sed their underwear. Rap music. Mainstream : adj / normal. N. And thanks to artists like Kid Rock and Eminem. vocal improvisation and strip ped down melody make it a unique musical experience. followed by the next decade of rappers like MelleMel. Soon. Campbell was known by his nickname. Women rappers like Salt-N-Pepper. the female audience has grown steadily with the emergence of ladies behind the microphone like Salt-n-Pepa. typical. Queen Lati fah. Fatback Band. Sugarhill Gang. However. The Music Library. not only African-Americans were dancing to rap music. Rap’s audience started to grow tremendousl y and gain notoriety with acts like Public Enemy. Heavy chain accessories also became part of the rapper look. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities YOUNG ART 71 .The Histor y of Rap and Hip-Hop. But they argue that audiences should be able to distinguish between fant asy and reality. The early nineties saw the entry of whi te American rappers like Ice Cube to the African-American-dominate d world of rap music.W. rap music soon found its way into the mainstream music scene. Presently. Rap music evolved into a lyric al reflection of urban life. Elements of rap music like modern mouth percussion. African-Americans are not the only ones listening anymore. and Sir Coxsone. the musical style is not without its critics. Duke Reid. is really a form of musical art that has become a way of expression. and Li’l Kim. and Ice-T.

The Past Perfect expresses the idea that an action occurred before another action in the past. To consolidate vocabulary through a game. After he had migrated to the Bronx he brought with him the art of Jamaican rapping. Two different origins of rap music a 11. 15. 19. b. We went to see Queen Latifah’s latest film. b. Decide which action was first. To consolidate a language structure. 17. a. c. We went to see Queen Latifah’s latest film. b. 18. Change sentence b. To consolidate grammar and vocabulary. To evaluate progress. 16. Go back to the text and find more examples of the Past Perfect tense. b c Language Note The Past Perfect tense 1. We discussed the film in class. Read these examples. To write a new text following instructions. Read the verbs highlighted in red and blue. Answer: the action expressed by the verb form in red happened first. In which of them can you notice which action happened first? How? a. Copy them into your notebook using different colours and compare with other students. 13. To consolidate a grammar point in writing. To participate in a guided dialogue imitating a spoken model.Learning abilities AFTER YOU READ 11 Complete this diagram with information from the text you read. 2. above to indicate that the other action happened first. 14. We had discussed it in class. Three types of music in three different decades. Although it had first been sung in the 1950’s. The captives mixed American music with the beats they had heard in Africa. three decades later it took over inner-city schoolyards. 12. To reflect on the content of the text and relate it to own experiences. 4. 72 UNIT 4 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . General topic. To summarise information in a graphic organiser. a. 3. Study these examples from the text paying special attention to the words in bold and the different colours used. Both of them express an action in the past but one of them indicates an action that happened before the other one. 5. 6. c.

(watch – do) d. (eat – go) c. who is very fond of music. He only ___________ the film because he ___________ the book. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities YOUNG ART 73 . c. Marie ___________ TV once she ___________ her homework. a. (study – travel) 13 Play the Guess the Song game (this game requires previous preparation and a CD player). It should have at least 15 songs. The winner is the group that collects the highest score. (understand . The pictures can help you. a. to be the game master. The game master plays just 15 seconds of the first song and the group that guesses the title of the song first scores a point.12 Which action happened first? Complete with the Past Simple or the Past Perfect tense of the verbs in brackets. The game master should bring a CD of a well-known singer or a band to the classroom. After we ___________ at the cafeteria we ___________ to class. Choose one person in the class.read) b. b. Carlos ___________ English before he ___________ to New York. d.

but I _____________ to it before I _____________ rap. recommend me. Check with the recording · listen · discover · discover · meet · live · be born · move · live · become · be · give · win Joanne: Eric: Joanne: Eric: Joanne: Eric: ston. and _____________ to New York after he _____________ in Jamaica for more than twenty years. They I (f. get) that flat. Thanks. (d. What’s so special about him? Before he _____________ a rapper in the Bronx he _____________ a “toaster” in Kingston. You’re right. I (b. He’s the singer who _____________ his money to charity after he _____________ a Grammy. sub When I (c. mit) my application last week. so I did. t answer all the questions. Yeah? Who is he? His name’s Sean Paul. I think I know him. A toaster? Yes. Do you like pop music? Not really. 15 28 Practise the conversation with a partner and then role play it for the rest of the class. end) up listing my me the flat. but I couldn’ I didn’t want to list my previous (g. They are in the order they should be used to fill in the blanks. Is he American? He _____________ in Kingston. Eric.) in the correct form. I (i. decide) to give together! He decided that I could landlord and my father (k. go) to school my credit report. but him and I knew he wouldn’t landlord because I (h. 16 Copy this text into your notebook putting the verbs in brackets (a.l. look) at 74 UNIT 4 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . It turned out that the It was total luck that he (j. Dad! have the flat before he even (l. The same one. try) to fill in the form. “_____________” rap? I _____________ a great rap musician when I _____________ in New York. but I I can’t believe I (a. have) problems with father as a reference. show) up to have a look at didn’t think I had a chance of getting it.14 28 Complete the conversation using the Simple Past or the Past Perfect of the verbs in the box. The landlord said I could (e. want) me to include references. He’s a great musician. a singer who tells stories in songs. What do you mean. arrive) before me. are you a music fan? I wouldn’t call myself that. already fill) in their applications and still apply. Sean Paul (born in 1973 in King Jamaica) Joanne: Eric: Joanne: Eric: Joanne: Eric: Joanne: Eric: Joanne: Eric: Joanne: So. there were at least 20 other people who were leaving. I just like music. . Most of them it.

(be .) or a painting style (impressionism. (speak .lose) b. Karen ____________ very tired this morning because she ____________ to bed very late last night. we). i. Evaluate your work following these points. etc. Finish the article with a conclusion: what was the reason you chose to write about this style? Why is this style especially important for you? h. iii. Before he ____________ to Valdivia my father ____________ in the north.) and one person to take notes. He ____________ with the Rolling Stones after he ____________ the (play . d. rock. b. a. c. etc. Remember: i.leave) other band. n. title and paragraph res learnt in the lesso pressions and structu • We used ex nctuation. a. collect and classify pictures.go) REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 6 EXCELLENT! 7 to 10 18 APPLICATION TASK – WRITING You are going to write an article on the history of a painting style or some type of music (not rap or hip hop). e. by dates). j. f. d. Say Yes or No. The fans ____________ very angry with the football players because they ____________ the match.17 MINITEST Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Reread your article and make sure that it makes sense.work) c. c. Choose a type of music (pop. Keep it simple. classical. b. (move . ii. Brainstorm what you know about the subject. Great grandpa Dennis ____________ excellent Italian because he ____________ in Rome. pics and the inform • We analysed the to s before writing. etc. Avoid writing in the first person (I. realism. investigate the subject using the Internet or the library. Do not use “flowery language”. Do you agree? e. 10 pts. (be . cubism.study) e. g. rrected errors and pu We checked and co • 19 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. Decide how many paragraphs your article will have and choose one heading for each paragraph. Prepare a time line for your chosen style and plan your article by using all the information and the visuals you have gathered. Remember the sequence of events. What vocabulary related to music and music styles have you learnt? What have you learnt about the history of rap? What is your opinion of rappers who insult other singers? There are some people who think that rap is a social tool which young people use to express themselves. for example. • We divided the task d agreed on the ture of the article an e discussed the struc •W headings. Decide what tasks still need to be carried out. Write about the past in the past tense. or too complex sentences. ation. a. Work in groups of four or five students. List all the contributions from group members and then organise the gathered information in some meaningful way (for example. d. Check your work. What do your parents say about the kind of music you like? YOUNG ART 75 .

To express personal attitudes and opinions. To get general meaning from cognates. smaller. Do you know what they mean? Which ones sound similar in Spanish? Check all the meanings in a dictionary. Which ones do you enjoy doing? Use the expressions in the box to express your preferences. Can you guess which one is which? What do you think the words mean? What shapes were used to paint the pictures? Which one do you prefer? Compare the pictures using expressions such as: as _____ as. · affordable · application · brush · canvas · cheerful · colourful · saturation · stroke · thumb · walker 76 UNIT 4 . 3 29 Listen and repeat these words. 1 In pairs talk about these activities. more / less _____ than. To connect content and previous knowledge. 3. 4.on 2 Less Learning abilities MOBILE ART BEFORE YOU LISTEN LISTENING 1. bigger. etc. · I prefer · I like · more / less than · better than · I don’t like · as much as Going to art galleries Going to concerts book Reading a Attending lectures on art Listening to music Taking hs photograp Painting pictures Looking at paintings on the web 2 One of the pictures below is painted in a style called cubism and the other in a style called futurism. not so _____ as. To predict messages using non-verbal content. 2.

8. To infer information. To find specific information. 10. To validate predictions. Jorge Colombo or Renata. b. _______________ bought one of the paintings. 6. American v/s British English color/colorful colour/colourful HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities YOUNG ART 77 . _______________ is the owner of the gallery that sells iPhone paintings. An iPhone. Which of these do you think it is? a. a. Matthew Watkins. Compare with another student. d. Learning abilities 5. c.4 You will hear two people talking about a new art form that involves a device we use in everyday life. _______________ used the iPhone to paint a cover of the New Yorker. To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. Which of these two paintings does the speaker have on the wall of her living room? How do you know? List the key words that helped you to decide. 1 2 7 30 Listen again and write the corresponding name: Belinda. To find specific supporting information. 7. c. 30 Listen again. An iPod. _______________ is the painter of the picture on the wall. b. To match specific information. A microwave oven. WHILE YOU LISTEN 5 6 30 Listen to the conversation and check your prediction in Exercise 4. 9.

Learning abilities AFTER YOU LISTEN 11 Match the words from the recording in box A with their synonyms in box B. i. Where did he paint it? 9 10 30 What probably happened after this conversation? a. Then it is connected to the phone of the person you want to speak to. c. Giovanni bought an iPhone to replace his iPod. i. Giovanni made a futuristic painting on his iPhone.. Each cell phone tower only covers a certain area so as you move from one place to another you move from one cell phone tower ranger to the next. 12. To identify synonyms. I’d rather be a good ____________ than a bad professional. i. it goes to the nearest cell phone tower and into the telephone network. 16. Brushes from an iPhone uses different painting ____________. 15.Did you know that. To reflect on the content of the text and relate it to own experiences. To consolidate vocabulary and structures. Paola used this ____________ for her first oil painting. First she wanted to buy a rectangular table but then chose a ____________ one. To imitate a spoken model. When he went to London. c. you can undo and redo strokes __________ you like. Where did she buy it? c. Giovanni bought some futuristic paintings at the gallery. e. This ____________ is designed to perform editorial functions. as cheap as iii. hotter than 30 Listen once more and answer these questions. 78 UNIT 4 . a.. Unlike canvas. 17. 18. We bought the car from the ____________. a. as rarely as ii. d. How much did Renata pay for the painting on her wall? b. This painting is __________ many posters. not so hot as iii. cheaper than ii. To talk about art forms and preferences. he visited the National Portrait ____________. a. not as cheap as b. How long did it take the painter to paint Renata’s picture? d. 8 a mobile phone works by sending radio signals through the air? When you talk on a mobile phone the message doesn’t go straight to the person at the other end. f. more frequently than c. b. It looks as if iPhone is becoming __________ iPod. 30 Listen again and choose the correct option. g. To expand vocabulary. A 11. To expand content expressing opinions. To evaluate learning. as often as iii. as hot as ii. 14. b. 13. · amateur B · application · canvas · circular · futuristic · gallery · owner · painter · style · exhibition room · fabric · non-professional · program · proprietor · round · technique · ultramodern · visual artist 12 Fill in the gaps in these sentences with some of the words in Exercise 11.

Read these sentences from the listening text. told. Renata said (second) she had bought (first) the painting in London. a. b. etc. 4. c. c. The action of saying. indicated. he had painted the picture on the subway. b. a. Watkins explained he had painted the one I bought while on the underground. Read some more examples. d. a b c Renata said he had lived in Paris as a child. answered. g e Terrence said The children explained The painter told us h they had played football in the park. 13 Match bubbles to form four sentences and then match the sentences with the pictures below. 1 2 3 4 YOUNG ART HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 79 . etc. 2. takes place after the action we are talking about. Matthew Watkins told me he had already made 20 and sold most of them. f d she had gone to school with Belinda. We use the Past Perfect to indicate an earlier event in the past in sentences that start with words such as: said. explained. answering. telling.Language Note The Past Perfect tense (continued) 1. The accident victim answered that he had lost control of the car. He said he hadn’t needed more than 30 minutes to finish it. What is the first verb in the three sentences? What do they have in common? 3. The painter explained he had sold the painting to someone else. Giovanni told us (second) he had seen (first) this film before.

Tick your choice in the pictures and then compare with the recording. what style would you choose? Andy: I would choose ________________________ __________________________. using your own ideas. Role play the conversation in small groups. but ________________________ __________________________. Camila: And if you could buy one painting. Camila: Do you think that the colours used in futuristic paintings are more or less vivid than in traditional paintings? Andy: They’re definitely _______________________ __________________________. 15 31 Listen to the recording and then practise the conversation with a partner. foreign artists _____________ __________________________. modern or traditional art? Andy: I think modern art is ____________________ __________________________. Camila: Which art form do you prefer.14 31 Finish the conversation using your own ideas. Camila: Which is more interesting: the Fine Arts or the Modern Arts museum? Andy: I think that ____________________________ __________________________. Leonardo da Vinci or Picasso? Andy: It depends. 80 UNIT 4 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . Camila: Which do you prefer. Camila: Are foreign artists better than national ones? Andy: In my opinion. painting or sculpture? Andy: I much prefer __________________________ __________________________. Camila: Who do you think is a better painter.

• We helped ea rences. and correct errors and pronunciation.SPEAKING d. a. Make a list of adjectives for each picture. the scientist explained. • We prepared for th in the instructions. talking first about what you can see. dull. Each of you compare your pictures. “We have uploaded the exam results on our website”. res and ideas from th Then say how the pictures make you feel. “I saw Casino Royale on TV”. c. elegant. Divide g. and respect for our diffe ammar. 8 pts. a. Here are some examples: lly. e exercise very carefu Description: bright. Ask your teacher to listen to the presentations should take 2 pictures to compare. ggestions offered ing magnificent. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 5 EXCELLENT! 6 to 8 17 APPLICATION TASK . structu •W can ask questions such as: What are your impressions of…? Which picture is more / less…? Which one would you buy? etc. b. If you could choose between a painting by Leonardo da Vinci and one created on an iPhone to put in your living room. pictures? Why? Why not? What is different? a. depressed. excited. “ I sent the packet three days ago”. the university authorities announced. What do you think about paintings done with an artist’s own hands and paintings done using some type of software? d. “The Neanderthal lived thousands of years ago”. Take turns to describe and compare the first pair • We corre of pictures. pronunciation. Prepare a set of cut-outs with different art forms e. vocabulary cted each other’s gr c. indifferent. e lesson. What have you learnt about art in this lesson? b. colourful. Do you both agree on all the your partner. descriptions and opinions. ugly. Laurie said. Each person f. Now compare your likes / dislikes and You will discuss the art form you prefer with preferences. which would you choose? Why? HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities YOUNG ART 81 . joyful. Finally get together with another pair and or use an art book from the library. • We followed the su our preferences show ch other to express Feelings: bored. will need at least 1 pair of pictures.16 MINITEST Write sentences in your notebook reporting what these people said. d. curious. the man told me. Can you name at least five famous artists? c. the list into two categories: one to describe the Say Yes or No. pictures and one with adjectives that describe your feelings while looking at them. You e used words. b. Use these points to evaluate your performance. 18 Answer and discuss these questions in your group.

d. _____________________________________________________________________________. b. 82 UNIT 4 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities .CONSOLIDATION ACTIVITIES 1 Complete the diagrams below. c. _____________________________________________________________________________. Use expressions such as I prefer ______ to ______. d. _____________________________________________________________________________. _____________________________________________________________________________. ______ is more interesting than ______. Rap is more appealing than pop because it talks about everyday things. ________ ________ iPhone art ________ ________ a. _____________________________________________________________________________. I like ______ more than ______. ______ is better than ______. · African · appealing · boring · colourful · disappointing · expressive · futuristic · happy · incomprehensible · loud · modern · multi-cultural · mysterious · original · popular ________ ________ Rap music ________ ________ a. Write four sentences comparing rap with other types of music and iPhone painting with other forms of painting. c. _____________________________________________________________________________. etc. In groups or pairs choose four adjectives from the box to describe each central idea. b. _____________________________________________________________________________.

He a. prints and ceramics before he was 50 years old. he joined the Barcelona School of Fine Arts at the age of only 14. gave him all his brushes and palettes after he c. b. together with George Braque and Juan Gris. During his lifetime. The Blue Period d. he created his landmark painting Guernica. d. But after he e. (live) ______________ as a young boy. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities YOUNG ART 83 . Picasso used symbolic forms such as a dying horse or a weeping woman. (paint) ______________ thousands of paintings. ________________________ your homework before you surfed the Internet? ________________________ breakfast before you left for school? ________________________ in Canada before she moved to Mexico? ________________________ his hands before he made the sandwich? ________________________ this guy before he came to the party? (finish) (have) (live) (wash) (meet) 3 Complete this biography using the Past Perfect tense. (come) ______________ before the artist started the so-called Rose Period. In 1937. the artist went through different periods of characteristic painting styles. his father. No other artist is more associated with the term Modern Art than Pablo Picasso. the style called cubism. (see) ______________ the works of Paul Cezanne. he developed. In Guernica.2 Complete these questions using the Past Perfect tense of the verbs in brackets. According to one of many legends about the artist’s life. (see) ______________ his son’s first painting. a. (learn) ______________ about the barbaric air raid against a Basque village during the Spanish Civil War. e. After he left Malaga where b. c. after the painter f. also a painter.

from Kentucky in the U. centimetres and sell for up to £1.dailymail.JUST FOR FUN Vincent Van Google website to How an artist uses the Street View travel the world virtually Google An artist who cannot spare the time to travel is using world and Street View to visit stunning locations around the al globecapture them in paint. Bill uses the odd meth esses. I end up in places that wou ur in a discover on foot.’ architecture that will come up on stree out of a hat On other occasions. down a job He said: ‘Having to look after my family and hold . For the past year. younger ‘Travelling is what really does it for me. beginning his Google search looking for certain busin location I ‘By picking a type of business that fits the kind of ld be difficult to want to find. But Street View have meant that I cannot travel very much means I can has really changed everything for me because it paint them go to all of those places I am in love with. through every state in his home country as well And after Italy. China and India. has able to capture iconic landscapes far from home. I seem to have a pretty good feel t view. London.S. this father-ofhis home studio. 45. But using the Internet can visit locations mapping tool.co. Bill. across the world and it is the best thing I have ever revisit ‘Now that I have become a painter I would love to them in paint. France. 02 canal boat in Holland. with which web-surfers been across the globe. s most electronically hiking through some of the planet’ two sits down to paint them at beautiful spots.’ he said. od of To find his perfect places. if I pick a tattoo parlo of the certain US state. the virtu of hours travelling trotter Bill Guffey. street Creating his amazing set of paintings through their t has walked view counterparts.’ are still ‘Working like this I can look for those views I think ly their most iconic of their countries. For example. a yellow taxi in New York. Google is an amazing substitute.uk/news/article-121249 Taken 1 Which of these countries has Bill visited virtually (V) and which of them has he included in his paintings (P)? ____ China ____ India ____ England ____ Italy ____ France ____ Switzerland ____ Holland ____ The USA 84 UNIT 4 . Bill simply picks a place name finds an inspiring view. the 45-year-old graphic artis as England. has spent hundreds he will thousands of virtual miles to visit places he feels giant’s never get to see in person. but not necessari famous buildings. His pieces range up to 76x1 00. a captured a red phone box in Trafalgar and a lonely house in Scotland. sit and as if I am really there.html 4/Vincent-Van-Google-Artist-uses-Street-View-w from: www. But for the some of those places and capture present.5 ebsite-travel-world-virtually. and virtually walks around until he series has He has so far created over 100 paintings and in his Square. When I was and other countries and single I travelled around Europe done. Switzerland.

2 Match the countries in Exercise 1 with the typical views in these pictures (1 – 8). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 CHILEAN CONNECTION Talk about graffiti in your group.com/muralsaroundtheworld YOUNG ART 85 . Chile is part of a very ambitious project called Murals Around the World. the project’s goal is to document as many murals as posible from both the past and the present. Fernando Marcos and Gregorio de la Fuente. and any facts related to any murals on this site. and Chile plays a leading part. As early as 1940. 2009 the project managers released their first Windows Media Player version and the murals. were painting murals in Chile. Art is often temporary and as such.danfulwiler. leading Mexican and Chilean artists. Adapted from: www. Latin American street art is as innovative as any in the world. Only commissioned. At present. private or community murals. This project is a worldwide collaborative effort that began in 2003. are accepted. The project is also looking for documentation regarding the mural artist or artistic group. Some of the murals have already disappeared. Do you think it is an art form or vandalism? Can you name a few examples of street paintings you have seen recently? MURALS IN CHILE Chile has long been a centre for radical mural painting and it is a place where many colourful and quality murals can be seen in the streets of Valparaiso. produced with permission from the property owner. Today. On March 10. since the project began. including David Alfaro Siqueiros. Santiago and other cities. It is produced through submission of mural photographs by supporters of the decorative arts worldwide. from Chile and other countries can be seen on video. The goal of the project is to document murals from around the world.

and the one that generates the most publicity. Yet his most provocative statement. to others.He has dozens of celebrity collectors including Brad Pitt and Christina Aguilera (1) ________________ For example. is the fact that Banksy’s true identity has always been a jealously guarded secret. in the end. he is a genius. buses and other public spaces .on walls in London. Some myths have grown around him.TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING WHO IS BANKSY? I. Since Banksy made his name with his trademark stencil-style ‘guerrilla’ art on walls. III. (4) ________________. (2) ________________. a vandal. and even on the West Bank barrier separating Israel from Palestine . Banksy’s painting of a monkey wearing a sandwich board sold for £228. He has also painted murals including a Mona Lisa with a rocket launcher – sold for another outrageous amount. Adapted from: Daily Mail by Claudia Joseph. 2008. To some. That his parents don’t know what he does and think that he is an unusually successful painter and decorator. 86 UNIT 4 . 12 July. is only about art. artist alive. Then there’s the suggestion that Banksy is actually a number of artists or that he does not exist at all. subways. Always controversial. IV. V. he inspires admiration and provokes outrage in equal measure. That before he became a painter (3) ________________.Banksy has supposedly been photographed a few times but each photo appears to be that of a different person. with the seller suggesting that the few anchovies left inside might have traces of his DNA! But trying to establish just who the elusive Banksy is has proved as difficult as predicting the location of his next work. That his real name is Robin Banks. so who knows? But does it really matter who Banksy is? Is art about the artist (5) ________________? The people who buy his art think that the person behind it does not really matter.000 this year. or infamous. It seems to support the statement: art. II. He is perhaps the most famous.his works have sold for hundreds of thousands of pounds. VI. Brighton. Such is the curiosity about Banksy that when the great man is supposed to have thrown away a pizza box into a bin in Los Angeles.

b. d. a. who buy his art without actually meeting the man! LISTENING CONCERT FANS 4 2 Read the text again and mark with a tick the paragraph where you can find this information. On Monday. Places he has painted. 4 pts. iii. d. How is Jen doing in maths? i. Dani or Jen. _______: I’m studying for my maths exam. _______: Her guitarist and drummer are tops. ii. 4 pts. Do people who buy his art care about his identity? 6 YOUNG ART 87 . d. ii. Dani. I can / can’t help you with maths tomorrow. A fantastic jazz singer.). What object supposedly belonging to the artist was sold on eBay? d. Carol and Jen. c. A truth about art. You cannot / mustn’t miss her. known to only a handful of trusted friends c. Today. or is it about the art itself d. People’s reactions to Banksy’s work. 32 Listen again and write the name of the speaker. Dani and Jen. Invented information about Banksy. iii. The best ballad singer. A wonderful singer. b. Dani and Carol. b. It is her favourite subject. ii. Place them back in the correct positions in the text ((1) – (5)). a. I II III IV V VI 32 Listen to this conversation and choose the best option. 5 pts. iii. 6 pts. a. a. When is Jen’s maths exam? i. It is her worst subject. It is her most important subject. Who are some of Banksy’s collectors? c. questions. Difficulty to prove Banksy’s identity. a. e. c. _______: I have a spare ticket to a Nelly Furtado show. 4 pts. b. – e. Tomorrow. d.1 Read the text. c. _______: I’m a concert fan! 32 Listen once more and choose the word you hear. 5 3 Read the text once more and answer these 4 pts. the auction site e. iii. What are some things that Banksy has painted? b. My maths exam is more important / difficult now. ii. he had been a butcher b. How is Nelly Furtado described? i. Parts of some sentences have been cut out (a. This is your only chance / choice. Famous collectors and pricey paintings. the box was sold on eBay. a. Who is going to the concert? i. f. c.

giving examples of his / her / their hits.play . a. b.” Fred said that _________________________. expressing your preferences.” Tina told us that _______________________. d. a. Marian: “The doctor asked me to describe my typical day.start) _____________________________________. (the theatre . Write three paragraphs about the artist / artists.) 10 pts. 4 pts. 8 Rewrite these sentences using the openings provided. a. c. (the station . Why you think this type of music is worth listening to.LANGUAGE SPEAKING 7 John arrived late at different places yesterday. b.game . The type of music he / she plays / they play.she . Fred: “I lived in Dublin before moving to Los Angeles. 9 One of these pictures is an example of surrealism by Chilean painter Roberto Matta and the other one is an example of pop art by American artist Andy Warhol. What had happened by the time he arrived at each place? Write the correct sentences using the clues provided and the correct verb form. Include information about the points below (a. (his friend’s house . 10 pts. Tina: “The exam began ten minutes late. c.go out) _____________________________________. b.train .leave) _____________________________________. 88 UNIT 4 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . 1 2 WRITING 10 Choose a singer or a band that you like. John: “The phone rang at three o’clock in the morning!” John complained that __________________. c. (football stadium . 4 pts. A brief history / biography of the artist(s).” Marian explained that __________________.finish) _____________________________________. Work with a partner and compare the two paintings. d. – c.

I grasped some of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. I used different strategies to understand and to make myself understood. 10 to 12 Excellent 7 to 9 Good 4 to 6 Not too bad 0 to 3 Unsatisfactory I identified almost all general and specific information correctly. A lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. Language You are expected to apply and identify two language items.EVALUATION YOUR TEST RESULTS Reading You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. I understood and applied the items in some cases. 10 to 15 Excellent 7 to 9 Good 4 to 6 Not too bad 0 to 3 Unsatisfactory I grasped all the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. I understood and applied the items in very few cases. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 2 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory Good pronunciation and no hesitation. 7 to 8 Excellent 4 to 6 Good 2 to 3 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory I understood and applied all the items in all cases. I actively participated in the discussions and conversations related to art and artists. Some pronunciation mistakes and hesitation. I understood and applied all the items in most cases. Good pronunciation and minimum hesitation. Never YOUNG ART 89 . I wrote the text following some of the indications. I deduced a few bits of the general and specific information. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 2 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory I wrote the text about my favourite band following all the indications. Your score Your score Listening You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. Your score Speaking You are expected to be able to compare two paintings expressing your preferences. I wrote the text following most of the indications.SELF . expressed my opinion and showed interest and respect for other people’s ideas. I identified some general and specific information correctly. I deduced some of the main ideas and answered just a few questions correctly. Your score Writing You are expected to write three paragraphs following instructions. I applied the learnt structures and vocabulary in the exercises. I wrote the text following very few of the indications. I identified most general and specific information correctly. I grasped the majority of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. Always Sometimes Your score YOUR GENERAL PERFORMANCE In this unit I critically thought about different types of art.

You will pay special attention to these values Why and how science can change our lives for the better. LISTENING: find specific information / transfer information to a graphic organiser / identify Internet language. VOCABULARY: words related to science and scientific discoveries. ORAL PRODUCTION: discuss a scientific topic.UNIT 5 In this unit you will learn to: READING: fill in graphic organisers with specific information / identify the source of a text / identify scientific language. FUNCTIONS: forming and substantiating hypotheses. 90 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . WRITTEN PRODUCTION: write a scientific article. LISTENING: a web cam lecture. You will use the following text types: READING: a scientific article. You will also learn: GRAMMAR: reporting verbs and indirect questions.

Celestial bodies and the universe. b. c. 2 Classify the nouns in the box under the corresponding heading.6: Look up the words in a dictionary or ask your teacher to help you. Disciplines: astronomy.SCIENCE HOW READY ARE YOU FOR THIS UNIT? 1 Match the names of scientists in the box with the pictures that represent them (1 – 6) and their areas of study (a. geography. 14 . 6 d. biotechnology. telescope. microscope. e. stethoscope. 91 . – f. Entomologist – 5 – e. Astronomer – 6 – c. Heredity and variation in organisms. scientist. Enologist – 4 – f. speedometer. 7 -13: Well done. neurology. chemistry.) Say / write definitions like this: A(n) ________________________ is a scientist who studies ________________________. Birds and their behaviour. but you could improve your vocabulary looking up some words. f. Instruments People Disciplines 9 pts. 12 pts. Ancient cultures and periods of history. palaeontologist. microbiology. researcher. inventor. 2. You are ready to start the lesson.21: Great job. thermometer. Ornithologist – 3 – b. Insects. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 1. · Archaeologist · Astronomer · Enologist · Entomologist · Geneticist · Ornithologist 1 2 3 4 5 a. · astronomy · barometer · biotechnology · chemistry · geography · geologist · inventor · microbiology · microscope · neurology · palaeontologist · researcher · scientist · speedometer · stethoscope · telescope · thermometer Your score: 0 . Technique and art of producing wine. Archaeologist – 2 – a. People: geologist. Instruments: barometer. Geneticist – 4 – d.

taken from ordinary English words: energy.the publication of one’s thoughts on the Internet. To predict content from the context.to write comments on the Twitter website. Why do you think we use scientific terms? Do the words in the box look or sound similar in Spanish? What do you think their origin is? What do they mean? In which science discipline are they normally used? READING 1. To tweet . 2. cortex. 4. Invented: polonium. 2 Classify the animals in the pictures under the corresponding category. living or extinct. b4n . etc. c. watt. To express opinions. To unfriend . d. b. e.on 1 Less Learning abilities THE MAGIC OF DNA BEFORE YOU READ 1 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. scientific words in English can be: a. Examples: Blog . To connect content and previous knowledge.today.good bye for now. uranium. 3. Internet users have created netspeak or chatspeak. b. 2day . Learning tip · biologist · carnivore · DNA · dinosaur · geneticist · genome · molecular · ornithologist · permafrost · zoologist According to their origin. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 92 UNIT 5 . helix. To connect pictures and topic. power.parents are watching.taken from another language: nimbus. etc. which is very often abbreviated or simplified. womb. The same abbreviations appear in texting and instant messaging or in social networking websites. pelvis. While scientific words are sometimes long and difficult to pronounce.to remove someone from Facebook. PAW . etc. c. a.

7 Read the article again. she (paragraph 8.womb c. 4 You will read a text about scientists cloning extinct animals from their DNA. which word in each line does not correspond to the category? Why? a. it (paragraph 4. There are more than 1. baker . To describe. recent estimates state that at least 20 times that many species inhabit the planet. 6. he (paragraph 13.happy d.. more than one and a half million species exist on the earth today? However. animal .creature . egg . c. line 2) f. its (paragraph 11.species . To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. b. 6 What is the purpose of this text? Choose the best alternative.000 animal species endangered world-wide. To transfer relevant information to a visual organiser. To validate predictions. it (paragraph 10. d. Which of the animals are represented in these pictures? Which key words helped you decide? 5.geneticist . 11. Learning abilities WHILE YOU READ 5 Read the text and check your predictions in Exercise 4. line 5) SCIENCE 93 .mother . Which animals from Exercise 2 do you think will be mentioned? according to scientists. he (paragraph 5. a.dangerous b. line 3) c. To inform.endangered ..beast . To instruct. To persuade. To find specific supporting information. 9. To identify references.zoologist Did you know that.biologist . 10. line 1) d. line 1) b.extinct . 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 What do these words in bold in the text refer to? a. 7. alive . To identify purpose of a text. line 3) e.3 In your opinion. 8. To differentiate between fact and opinion.

explained that it So. He added that withou d species to no chance. we can forget about dinosaurs. a molecular biologist at Pennsylvani e project. However. breathing creature from a genome sequence that day. there was much speculation about whether we creature back to life. we could have only dreamt we would now be capable sheep!” instructions for making humans or clone animals such as Dolly the Schuster added.“After all. the phrase ‘dead as a dodo’ has meant it lives on in the to create Ornithologists predict that if suitable DNA is found it could be used clones nursed through pregnancy by pigeons. what other extinct beasts might we bring beings for which we Schuster explained that it was only going to be possible with t one. possibly due to ed. some a State try it” says Stephan Schuster. He added or hunting.American v/s British English Dreamt Dreamed THE MAGIC OF DNA may bring back extinct animals geneticists The recipe for making any creature is written in its DNA. Fearsome : adjective / awful: causing fear or dread or terror. exists only in a Creating a living. 94 UNIT 5 . Hunting and habitat destruction led to the bird’s demise in the late imagination. 50 University and a driving force behind the mammoth genom of reading the years ago. back to life? Besides the mammoth. is sure to computer’s memory is not possible right now.000 years ago. Dodo 17th century. this fearso sharp fangs has remained a source of fascination. Schuster told us that their DNA had already been decod be cloned with that if this could be turned into fresh material. Zoologists announce that would be preserved in permafrost or tar could be used to create clones which grown inside an African lion. In this case. Surrogate : noun or adjective/ one that takes the place of another. So when extinct woolly recently published the near-complete DNA sequence of the long could bring this mammoth. the creatures could the African elephant acting as a surrogate mother.“But someone. DNA samples Can it be resurrected? Apparently yes. there was can retrieve a complete genome sequence. The revival recipe also requires a living and closely-relate the project to act as a surrogate mother. The Sabre-toothed Tiger. likely due to environmen me beast with daggeror over-hunting at the end of the last Ice Age. what does the potential “resurrection list” look like? Schuster ear. donating an egg and her womb to bring completion. tal changes Despite becoming extinct 10.000 years ago. included some ten creatures either already extinct or about to disapp Woolly Mammoth ago but These giant woolly creatures first appeared around 4.8 million years climate change mysteriously disappeared around 5.

Irish Elk Once found across Europe. New Scientist Magazine. which became extinct 11. “Several specimens have been found with hair. which was hunted to extinction in the 1930s. a geneticist. but finding a suitable surrogate mother would be a challenge. Moa This huge bird was a distant relative of the ostrich from New Zealand and disappeared only 508 years ago. SCIENCE 95 . Giant Ground Sloth The giant ground sloth stood nearly six metres tall and is believed to have weighed four tonnes. horns and hooves could provide DNA. the Irish elk had antlers almost four metres wide and stood two meters tall at the shoulder.000 years ago. dwarfed the polar bear . the DNA could be used to create clones. issue 2690. hooves : noun / the horny toe of a mammal such as a cow or a horse. but as New Scientist says: ‘It is hard to imagine even the most crazed of mad scientists entering such taboo territory’. She replied that once sequenced. the surrogates . Ironically.700 years ago.are on the brink of extinction.000 years ago. It might be possible to ‘boot up’ the Moa genome in an ostrich egg. “How easy is it to clone it?” we asked Jenny White. The Neanderthal The Neanderthal.000 years ago. Hoof / pl.the world’s current largest living land carnivore. disappeared 25. It became extinct 7. brought into the world with the help of Tasmanian devil surrogate mothers. by Henry Nicholls. 07 January 2009. Adapted from: Ten extinct beasts that could walk the Earth again. as its nearest living relative . “How feasible is it to resurrect it?” we asked an expert.Tasmanian Tiger Tissue samples of this marsupial. “Any chance of bringing it back?” we asked Prof. the short-faced bear. Woolly Rhinoceros The woolly rhinoceros became extinct 10. Modern humans would provide ideal egg donors and surrogate mothers. It disappeared some 8. although a draft of its genome is expected to be published later this year. a distant relative of the humans. The species’ closest living relative is the spectacled bear of South America.000 years ago.is tiny by comparison.the three-toed tree sloth . are stored in museums around the world. but no bird of any description has yet been cloned. Short-faced Bear Despite its name. Its closest living relative is the much smaller European deer. Schuster from Pennsylvania.modern rhino species .” he answered. Many specimens are preserved in permafrost and hair. He responded that there were specimens encased in permafrost from which DNA could be recovered. which could be used as a surrogate for this elk.

A draft of its genome is expected to be published later this year. Irish elk f. d. 10 Read these sentences and then read the text again. ______ But someone. e. c. ______ The “resurrection list” includes ten different creatures. Do the sentences express a fact (F) or an opinion (O)? a. 11. is sure to try it. 508 years ago. ______ The Moa disappeared in the 16th century. b. g. h. 96 UNIT 5 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . Name a. Giant ground sloth j. Moderm rhino. ______ The European deer is smaller than its ancestor species. some day. e. Tasmanian devil.000 years ago. Woolly mammoth b. i. d. c. ______ It is a crazy idea to use humans to clone the Neanderthal. Became extinct DNA availability Surrogate Late 17th Century DNA samples preserved in permafrost or tar could be used to create clones.9 Read the text again and fill in the missing information in the table.

“It is only going to be possible with creatures for which we can retrieve a complete genome sequence. Notice the verbs in bold in the sentences. Are these statements true or false? Correct the false statements. AFTER YOU READ Learning abilities Language Note Reporting verbs 1. b. Ornithologists predict that if suitable DNA is found it could be used to create clones nursed through pregnancy by pigeons. To consolidate grammar and vocabulary. Present Simple Past Simple Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Simple (will) would Present Perfect Past Perfect 5. Write them in two groups in your notebook. _____ The modern three-toed sloth is an ideal surrogate for the giant sloth.11 Read the text once more. 15. a. To apply new vocabulary and structures. paying special attention to the parts in bold. f. d. c. d. 17. _____ The Neanderthal was a relative of humans. To reflect on the content of the text and relate it to own experiences. 16. To participate in a guided oral activity. a. d and f different? 3. “_________________” _______________ that _______________ HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities SCIENCE 97 . We call them reporting verbs and we use them to communicate what someone said more accurately than using say or tell. Schuster explained that it was only going to be possible with creatures for which we can retrieve a complete genome sequence. Notice that if the reporting verb is in the Past tense the rest of the sentence experiences some tense changes.” he added. Other reporting verbs are: 12. 14. c. c and e? How are sentences b. He added that there was no chance without one. 13. Examine these pairs of sentences from the text. there is no chance. · add · admit · agree · announce · answer · claim · comment · complain · confirm · consider · deny · doubt · estimate · explain · feel · insist · mention · observe · persuade · propose · remark · remember · repeat · reply · report · reveal · say · state · suggest · suppose · tell · think · understand 4. To evaluate learning. “If suitable DNA is found it could be used to create clones nursed through pregnancy by pigeons. e. To create a new text.” ornithologists predict. b. _____ To clone any creature we need its DNA. _____ Tissue samples of the Tasmanian tiger can be found in many museums around the world. 2. What do you notice about sentences a.” Schuster explained. “Without one. Go back to the text and find more examples of sentences reporting what someone said.

12 Write what the people said exactly.
Example: Schuster explained that it included some ten creatures either already extinct or about to disappear. “It includes some ten creatures either already extinct or about to disappear,” Schuster explained. a. She replied that once sequenced, the DNA could be used to create clones, brought into the world with the help of Tasmanian devil surrogate mothers. b. He added that if this could be turned into fresh material, the creatures could be cloned with the African elephant acting as a surrogate mother. c. We asked an expert how feasible it was to resurrect it. d. He responded that there were specimens encased in permafrost from which DNA could be recovered.

13 Read what Wanda told her friend (a. – e.) and match each situation with one
of the pictures (1 – 6) Then re-write the sentences using different reporting verbs + that. Be careful to include any necessary changes. a. “Jack, I can’t go to the party on Wednesday with you,” I told him. ______________________________________ ______________________________________. b. “I have some really important homework to do,” I explained. ______________________________________ ______________________________________. c. “But we have to go out some time soon”, he insisted. ______________________________________ ______________________________________. d. “I will go to the cinema with you on the weekend,” I promised. ______________________________________ ______________________________________. e. “Call me on Friday to decide on the film,” I suggested. ______________________________________ ______________________________________. f. “Yes, the best films are romantic comedies,” I agreed. ______________________________________ ______________________________________.

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14 34 Listen to the recording to check your answers. Listen and practise the
dialogue. Then role play it for the class.

98

UNIT 5

HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities

15 MINITEST Read this story and complete sentences a. - d. according to the

context. Then re-write the sentences in blue (i. - iv.) using the corresponding reporting verbs. 16 pts.

ed her This happened last summer. I was walking down the beach when I saw this pretty girl. I approach I followed and asked her name. She answered (a.)________. “Carla! (i.) You have a lovely name,” I said. at me and replied that her and asked her if she lived there all year round. She looked back (b.)________. “Great!” (ii.) “I’m from Benton City too.” I added. She seemed more relaxed now and asked me which school I went to. I told her that (c.)________. by the “What a coincidence! (iii.) My boyfriend goes to that school, too.” she exclaimed. I was also amazed believe coincidence and asked her boyfriend’s name. She answered that (d.)________. Now I couldn’t and saw that she was laughing. I was it. (iv.) “My name is George too!” I shouted. I looked at her again laughing too. I took her hand and we ran down the beach together, laughing at our little joke.
REVISE AGAIN 0 to 4 GOOD JOB! 5 to 10 EXCELLENT! 11 to 16

16 APPLICATION TASK – WRITING
In your group, you are going to write a scientific article. a. Choose a subject you are currently studying in your biology, physics or chemistry class. For example, if you are currently studying the cell, choose one specific type of cell such as the nerve cell, or the blood cell, etc. b. Distribute research tasks among the group members: parts of the cell, reproduction, ageing, etc. c. Think about and develop a list of points to be included in the article. d. Think what title you would like to give the article. Scientific articles do not have catchy titles but rather informative ones. e. Consider these important suggestions when writing your article. i. Be clear and concise; write briefly and to the point. ii. Use the right terminology; scientific articles do not use colloquial expressions. iii. Do not use contractions: for example, “don’t” must be “do not”, “isn’t” must be “is not”, etc. iv. Use the appropriate tenses; the Past tense to reflect work that has been completed, the Present tense to indicate permanent processes, etc. f. Write the article as a group; check each other’s grammar and spelling. g. At the end of your article, provide the references you based your article on. For example: Cell reproduction - http://anthro.palomar.edu h. Follow these points to evaluate your work. Say Yes or No. ion required. pic and the informat • We analysed the to hat we were arch tasks and did w We divided the rese • ed on expected to do. the article and agre sed the structure of • We discus the title. the lesson. d structures learnt in used expressions an n. • We rors and punctuatio ked and corrected er • We chec

17 Answer and discuss these questions in your group.
a. b. c. d. e. What new scientific terms have you learnt? What are the main characteristics of a scientific article? What is your opinion of science and its importance in our lives? What do you think about bringing back extinct animals? Would you visit a Jurassic park with dinosaurs which are fed with hundreds of live cows? What would be the consequences of that feeding system?
SCIENCE

HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities

99

on 2 Less
Learning abilities

ASKING THE RIGHT QUESTIONS
BEFORE YOU LISTEN

LISTENING

1. To connect content and previous knowledge. 2. To connect the topic and experience. 3. To express opinions. 4. To infer the meaning of key words and identify their pronunciation. 5. To predict content from cognates and familiar words.

1 Which of the following processes (a. – e.) do you think we use in science?
a. b. c. d. e. Classifying - arranging or organising according to class or category. Experimenting - carrying out tests to check a hypothesis or an assumption. Hypothesising - making suppositions about something. Measuring - establishing dimensions such as weight, length, height, etc. Observing - looking at objects or phenomena in order to form hypotheses.

2 Can you identify an example of each of the processes above (a. – e.) in these
pictures (1 – 5)?

1

2

3

4

5

3 Answer and discuss these questions in your group.
a. In what other areas of life can we use the processes in the pictures? b. Have you ever used them? What for?

4

35 Listen to these words. What do they mean? Which ones sound similar in Spanish?

· analyse · conclusion · experiment · hypothesis · journal · method · palaeontologist · universe

5 You will listen to a lecture by science professor Digby Jones, who will be
talking about a scientific method. Which words from Exercise 4 would you expect to hear?

100

UNIT 5

8. To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. 10. Newton _______________ _________________________ _________________________ c. 36 Listen again. Columbus ______________ _________________________ _________________________ b. Ask _____________ Construct __________ Think again Test your __________ Analyse your ________ and draw __________ If hypothesis is ________ If hypothesis is ________ Communicate ________ SCIENCE HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 101 . 11. To validate predictions. a. 7. Paleontologists _________ _________________________ _________________________ e.WHILE YOU LISTEN 6 7 36 Listen to the lecture and check your predictions in Exercise 5. Darwin ________________ _________________________ _________________________ d. What question did each of these people ask? Learning abilities 6. To transfer information to a graphic organiser. To find specific supporting information. Lemaitre _______________ _________________________ _________________________ 8 36 Listen again and complete this diagram that represents the steps of a scientific process. To find special words. To identify textual clues. 9.

To reflect on the content of the text and relate it to own experiences. c. testing. d. It refers to ___________________________________________________. It refers to ___________________________________________________. what. 15. It refers to ___________________________________________________. d. 20. a. To apply new vocabulary. ____ For the scientific process to start people should ask themselves one of these questions: how. ______ to text e. 17. To consolidate vocabulary. ______ to tweet f. ______ chilax c. why. ____ You should never do an experiment more than once. a. or where? b. To consolidate a language item. ____ A hypothesis is a presumption about how things work. c. To consolidate key words and expressions. d. and find out what the words in bold in these sentences refer to. ______ cu soon d. · data B · discover · factor · process · find out · result · test · method · aspect · consequence · examine · information 13 Fill in the gaps in these sentences with some of the words in Exercise 12. You asked me to explain. Text them to your colleagues. To discuss a scientific topic. when. The most important _______________ to consider is temperature of the mixture. 16. In such cases they’ll construct a new hypothesis. c. 102 UNIT 5 . It must be about something that you can measure. b. a. 18. 14. who. ______ blogger b. a. b. ____ Scientists usually do not communicate the results of their work. ____ If your hypothesis is wrong construct a new one. e. It refers to ___________________________________________________. 19.9 36 Listen again and tick (4) three words taken from Internet slang that Prof Jones uses. which. Learning abilities AFTER YOU LISTEN 12 Match the words from the listening text in box A with their synonyms in box B. 11 36 Listen to the lecture very carefully once more. If you work hard and prepare yourself you can expect good ___________. To practise and consolidate language through a game. The _______________ provided by the computer programme must now be analysed. To evaluate learning. analysing. ______ to unfriend 10 36 Are these statements true (T) or false (F)? Correct the false statements. There are several _______________ you can use: measuring. A 12. To consolidate a language item and imitate a spoken model. 13.

where. asked ii. b. Geologists _______________ that the rocks were “younger” than what the carbon dating ultimately showed. repeated g. which) is moved to the middle of the sentence and none of them has a question mark. What do you notice about all of them? They all lost the typical “interrogative order”. commented i. The job applicant _______________ his relevant experience and educational background. admitted ii. c. said b. Newton asked what made an apple fall. complained iii. The announcer _______________ the most important instructions several times. said i. Darwin wanted to know why caterpillars were sometimes so beautifully coloured. i. said iii. 3. i. Read these sentences from the recording. Palaeontologists wanted to discover when exactly dinosaurs disappeared. told f. d. “Why are caterpillars sometimes so beautifully coloured?” Darwin asked. what. “What is the shortest way to India?” Columbus wondered. The anthropology professor _______________ a few more comments on historical analysis. described ii. d. requested iii. suggested c. These reporting verbs are generally used to introduce indirect questions: · ask · enquire · wonder · want · would like to know · discover · find out HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities SCIENCE 103 . “Where is the universe expanding to?” Lemaitre asked. denied iii. alerted e. ii. Columbus wondered what the shortest way to India was. announced Language Note Reporting verbs – indirect questions 1. b. i. 4. debated ii. “What makes an apple fall?” Newton asked. asked iii. a. The librarian _______________ a few more databases specialising in English literature. 2. said d. They no longer look like questions. c. wondered iii. “When exactly did dinosaurs disappear?” e. Lemaitre asked where the universe was expanding to. a. e. ii. the question word (why. i. when. a. Compare the sentences with their direct speech equivalents. added ii. The accused strongly _______________ that she had sold stolen goods. i.14 Choose the best option to fill in the gaps in these sentences. predicted iii. The students _______________ useful questions while revising for the final exam.

What time do museums generally close? c. It was designed by Juan José de Goycolea y Zañartu. 10 pts. There is a small handicrafts market very near the big building you can see there.) ___________________ that magnificent building? Guide: Yes. _____________________ which colour _____________________. “When do we use a microscope?” I wondered. b. _____________________ why _____________________.) ___________________ to a handicrafts centre from here? Guide: Walk along this street and turn right at the corner. 17 MINITEST Look at the pictures and finish the sentences. I'd like to know (b. a. _____________________ when _____________________. My teacher enquired how many ___________ _____________________________________.) ___________________? You can get one at the Tourist Information Centre on the corner. c. I asked my dad how much _______________ _____________________________________. what would you like to know? First. Could you give me some information? b. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 6 EXCELLENT! 7 to 10 104 UNIT 5 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . How can I get to a handicrafts centre from here? e. a. “How much meat do we need for the meat pie?” my mother wanted to know. “When should I talk to the coach about the match?” I enquired. I wonder if you (a. _____________________ how much _____________________. 16 37 Re-write the questions below as indirect questions using the openings provided in the dialogue. d. My son asked me why ___________________ _____________________________________. e. Tourist: Do you have any idea (e. Then do you happen to know (c. Check with the recording and then practise and role play the dialogue with a partner. d. Where can I buy a map? d. I wanted to know when __________________ _____________________________________.15 Re-write these questions using the corresponding reporting verbs. Of course. “Why does the teacher get angry so often?” the child asked. “Which colour does Susan prefer: blue or green?” Georgina wondered. Great. e. Who designed that magnificent building? Tourist: Guide: Tourist: Guide: Tourist: Guide: Tourist: Excuse me. At half past five. a. b. And could you tell me (d. _____________________ when _____________________.) ____________________.) __________________________. My young wife wondered where __________ _____________________________________. c.

SPEAKING You will discuss a scientific topic in groups of seven to ten students. d. If important leaders in history. c. could be cloned. Put them on a separate pile face down on the table. b. inventing the name of the listener of the programme who asked that question. iii. Sit in a circle. e. articles from the Internet or talking to your science teacher. If you had the possibility of choosing the physical characteristics of your future child or cloning all his / her vital organs. Choose a moderator who will decide on the order of speaking. iii. As participants offer their views. v. Use these ideas to evaluate your discussion.18 APPLICATION TASK . esent our argumen • We were able to pr well. he / she can encourage group members to respond to each other by asking questions like: “What does everyone else think?” or “Is there anyone else who agrees?” “Anyone else who disagrees?” e. The Earth is in danger of being hit by an asteroid. a. but don’t attack the person. ii. from Linares. d. The dangers of the swine flue pandemic. Choose a famous character you would like to interview. Choose one person in the group to be the famous person. write openings for indirect questions. It would be good to establish some ground rules such as i. would like to know where you were born. write the questions you would like to ask your character. Has the lesson changed your perception about science? c. You will need to prepare for the discussion beforehand using your own knowledge. iv. available literature. etc. Making fuels from plants. c. Animals in danger of extinction. n. The person who is speaking should not be interrupted. Put them face down on the table. If you disagree with someone. On separate pieces of paper. what would you prefer to do? Why? SCIENCE 105 . either positive or negative. No more than one person should speak at the same time. a. What have you learnt about the scientific process? b. 19 Play the radio interview game in groups of 6 students. On other pieces of paper. ments and conflicts We handled disagree • oup got a chance to • Everyone in the gr participate. iv. the rest of the players must take turns to pick up a piece of paper from each pile and ask the corresponding question. i. 20 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. ii. To act out the interview. f. No one’s ideas should be made fun of. what would be the consequences of such an action? d. Start the discussion with setting the purpose and what and why you are discussing. b. rpose of the discussio • We followed the pu ts logically. Everyone should listen respectfully to the others (even if they disagree). Answer Yes or No. Example: Martha Bravo. a. disagree with their ideas. to answer the questions. Choose one of these topics. like: would like to know / wonder / ask.

Professor Digby Jon ies fossil organisms. visit him at his Finally. a. b. es explained that In his interview. __________________________________________________________________________________? 2 The sentences on the left (a. The kangaroo was cloned in a lab. __________________________________________________________________________________? b. c. __________________________________________________________________________________? e. The marsupial was created by the genetic manipulation of its DNA. The bird specialist looked at the old bones and said it was a dodo. he palaeontology is a science that stud because we do not have said that we cannot clone dinosaurs their DNA. he suggested that we should laboratory. __________________________________________________________________________________? d. Read the blog and write the questions he was asked. d. The ornithologist examined the fossilised remains and established it was a dodo. .CONSOLIDATION ACTIVITIES 1 Professor Digby Jones was interviewed by Teen Science Blog.) are written using scientific terms. i. __________________________________________________________________________________? c. iii. – d. The hypothesis that dinosaurs became extinct because of a fallen meteorite is now widely accepted.What scientists believe about the extinction of dinosaurs is now accepted by most people.iv. 106 UNIT 5 . ii. Jurassic Park was just a He told our journalist that the film king on a new fantasy and revealed that he was wor hypothesis about dinosaurs. Some animals eat meat and some eat plants. a. Match them with their everyday language equivalents on the right (i. Some animals are carnivores and some are herbivores.). iv.

c. 4 Nelly is going to the USA on holiday. Gillian asked the usher what time the film would start. “Take your digital camera with you.) with the pictures (1 . __________________________________________________________________________________. __________________________________________________________________________________. d. e. d. What questions were these people asked? Write the dialogues using the clues and your own ideas and then role play them for the class. Gillian: ___________________________________________________________________________? Usher: ____________________________________________________________________________. b. Belinda asked the mechanic when the car would be ready. “Buy a Yankees T-shirt”. Emily: ____________________________________________________________________________? Doctor: ___________________________________________________________________________. . Belinda: __________________________________________________________________________? Mechanic: _________________________________________________________________________. a. “Send me en e-mail when you arrive”. “Don't talk to strangers”. John asked the waiter what the soup of the day was. __________________________________________________________________________________. Vivian's mother told her.5).” aunt Sybil recommended. Ursula's father warned her.3 Match the sentences (a. John: ____________________________________________________________________________? Waiter: ___________________________________________________________________________. Emily asked the doctor how many pills she should take. Richard's brother suggested.e. All her friends and relatives gave her some advice. Re-write their advice using reporting verbs. c. Fred asked the police officer why she was arresting the young man. 1 2 3 4 5 a. Fred: _____________________________________________________________________________? Police officer: ______________________________________________________________________. b. __________________________________________________________________________________. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities SCIENCE 107 .

intense. J. you have your Destiny Number. Does it sound confusing? It really isn’t. 11 is enlightened. they are not universally recognized in numerology circles. Okay. 8. S. So Harry’s an interesting character. and global. and sensual. But here we will talk about an alternative power. 7 =34 = 3+4=7 8. 1922. and high-strung. middle. 2 is B. 5. diplomatic.com/numerology. and stern. and fun-loving. Or 11/11/22. 1. decisive. 4 is practical. married names). 8 is money-oriented. 22 is goal-oriented. 2 is supportive. a global planner. Now what does it mean? On the chart below is a quick interpretation of the numbers 1 through 9 and the two master numbers (11 and 22). 5. You should be aware that some numerologists attach special significance to other two-digit numbers. Just take a look at the following example and you’ll get the idea. However. traditional. 7 =35 = 3+5=8 4. Now assign numbers to each letter using the chart as a guide. (Note: This chart is read downwards so that 1 is A. independent. 6 is responsible. 3 is enthusiastic. 9 is multi-talented. What people want to say by that is that the more people get together the more powerful they become. and analytical. Adapted from: Numerology and the Secrets of Your Name! http://www. 9.astrologynumerology. What’s more. The Numbers Revealed! 1 is ambitious. (By the way. optimistic. T. We are talking about the strange art (because it is far removed from science) of numerology. 5. 1 = 30 = 3 7 + 8 + 3 =18 = 1 + 8 = 9 So Henry’s full name is reduced to 9. 9.JUST FOR FUN Do numbers control your destiny? You know the saying – there is power in numbers. “11” and “22” are generally considered master numbers in numerology. we’ll say that old Henry was born on November 11. and serious.html 1 A J S 2 B K T 3 4 5 6 F 7 8 9 I C D E G H Y Z L M N O P Q R U V W X In this example. but for now let’s just stick with your birth name. the way it is usually written. 3. compassionate. Have a pencil and paper handy? Great! Start by writing out your full birth name (first. and inspired. 7 is spiritual. K. we will use Henry Quincy Mathers as the birth name.) Later you can analyse other variations of your name (nicknames. Now let’s assign numerical values to Henry’s full name at birth. eccentric. judging by his day of birth alone!). 9. mercurial. 5. 5 is adventurous. and domestic. and last). On this page we explain how numerology works. etc. One that you might think is true or not – it really depends on you. Henry Quincy Mathers Sum the numbers up = = = = 8. careful. 108 UNIT 5 . and self-sufficient. 2. and a bit of a loner. 3.

SN 1987A. It is located about 160 km north of La Serena. outside the Solar System (ESO 22/07). some of which have now become icons in their own right.eso.4 . which contains what may be the first known rocky planet in a habitable zone.2-meter Max Planck telescope. The HARPS spectrograph is the undisputed champion at finding low-mass extrasolar planets. Adapted from: the European Southern Observatory.27 . American v/s British English With about 300 refereed publications attributable to the work of the observatory per year. a technology developed at ESO and now applied to most of the world’s current large telescopes. The 67-million pixel Wide Field Imager on the 2.300 .3. Here. The ESO 3. The 3.unrivaled metre .mundoandino. La Silla remains at the forefront of astronomy.67 million.organisation .com/Chile/La-Silla-Observatory meter . It detected the system around Gliese 581. ESO operates several of the most productive 4-meter class telescopes in the world.2meter telescope has taken many amazing images of celestial objects. a spectrograph with unrivaled precision.2.600 .2-meter Euler telescope. and 100 km north of the Cerro Tololo Observatory. the ESO La Silla Observatory has also played an important role in the study and follow-up of the nearest recent supernova.2 . Since 1987. The infrastructure of La Silla is also used by many of the ESO member states for targeted projects such as the Swiss 1.100 . including several “firsts”.unrivalled SCIENCE 109 . WATCHING THE SKIES IN THE NAME OF SCIENCE The La Silla Observatory.160 .standardization .400 .6 .organization . 600 km north of Santiago de Chile and at an altitude of 2. 27 km south of the Las Campanas Observatory.2 . standardisation .6-meter telescope is now home to the world’s foremost extrasolar planet hunter: HARPS (High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Searcher).1960 2. has been a European Southern Observatory stronghold since the 1960s. La Silla has led to an enormous number of scientific discoveries. www.3. La Silla is a mountain bordering the southern extremity of the Atacama Desert in Chile.org and the Andean World http://www.58 .58-meter New Technology Telescope (NTT) broke new ground for telescope engineering and design and was the first in the world to have a computer-controlled main mirror (active optics). as well as more common user facilities such as the 2.400 meters. The La Silla Observatory is the first world-class observatory to have been granted certification for the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001 Quality Management System. Several telescopes at La Silla played a crucial role in linking gamma-ray bursts — the most energetic explosions in the universe since the Big Bang — with the explosions of massive stars.CHILEAN CONNECTION What do these numbers in the text refer to? 1.

Writer Adapted from: AP Science Seth Borenstein 110 UNIT 5 . Su ments malfunctioned in that three different instru is water. Over th les. thus the moon and bind with oxygen in the es hydrogen atoms that the solar wind carri s. it might provide resou titi the lunar day. She said probably be a qu e scientists who discove hine. or There are two possibilitie trapped water from below those crashes freed up dirt. It has the same type say that Satur ult was revealed. If water in it. scientists th e of instrume ve a drop of ships used the same typ ew the moon did not ha nts because everyone kn wrong with the instrume water on the surface. Three differen tists who at first doubted ing the scien ts and tests. It finds unexpected differ latest discovery is quite absorbed into it. processed in mass quan comes and goes during on inhabitants. The water — for future mo would bottle of lunar dirt. surface of soil. could refocus int d it “magnificent desolat it 40 years ago and calle d near astronauts visited probe purposely smashe o weeks before a NASA mes tw e last decade. the chance so this confirms that it aceships is almost zero. AP Science. ecraft that either circle was by spac ought that something The water was spotted nt. moon’s surface. there u took a two-litre soda yo ty of Maryland It is not a lot of water. one of th astronomer Jessica Suns to the surface.” briefing. the same res the same way on moon ten years ago. scien y ical signature of water all The moon is not the dr e probes found the chem ement t spac the unexpected measur in the dirt. d traces of three different sp rth by astronauts did fin samples returned to Ea isture in Earth air. But th ked back at the records Finally. Experts probe. which is circling re enough. The announcement co k up buried ice. water was simply sticking y and a NASA journal Science on Thursda studies published in the after The discovery. with three al of the moon dropped st in the moon. surpris ly by several experimen ependently and repeated until it was confirmed ind e moon but if isture to foster life on th at it was not enough mo and rocket fuel Scientists revealed th rces — drinking water es. of instrument and it pa n. not All three d the moon or flew by. but find ul Spudis called the new titute senior scientist Pa t water come from? Lunar and Planetary Ins l question: Where did tha d said it raised the logica “exciting”an into or asteroids that crashed s: It came from comets the surface.” to find out where the pr nths amongst ourselves d the mo at belongs to NASA an “We argued literally for used a different probe th en they of NASA’s Cassini one scientist said. but this Pole to see if it could kic the moon’s South nd ice on the moon’s po some signs of undergrou nging to the astronomers have found and pervasive water cli ent. The appe ere ion. September 23. 2009.TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING FINDING WATER ON THE MOON traces of water tists said they had found over the dull place it seems. Scientists testing lunar contamination from mo they had figured it was water. said Universi the arter of a tea spoonful of red the water. forming water molecule . the team also loo ssed by the result was the same. oblem was. At first.

____ ’s parents complain ________________ that _____________ _______________. Scientists argued for months ____________. _______________. b. Our English teacher b. Why did the NASA probe smash into the moon? c. a. c. You Your partner c. Speaker I Speaker II a. Ice balls have fallen in other parts of the world. If there is water on the moon people might one day install human colonies there. My parents complain that iv. Global warming e. _______________. LISTENING MYSTERIES OF SCIENCE 3 Read the article once more and answer these questions. 6 You Your partner i. b. What did astronauts call “magnificent desolation”? b. Various instruments SPEAKING 4 Complete the sentences in column A with your own ideas. Scientists said they were surprised ________. Lunar senior scientist Paul Spudis called the new finding __________________________. a planetary geologist. 4 pts. b. a. _________ has learnt ________________ how much _________ _______________. What are the two explanations for the presence of water on the moon? 5 38 Listen to two people talking about some mysteries of science. the sand grains are unusually uniform in shape / size. a. SCIENCE 111 . e. If there is water on the moon we might one day bring it to Earth. c. a. 38 Listen again and circle the word you hear. 10 pts. d. Which of these is the main conclusion you can draw from it? 2 pts.1 Read the article. They also revealed that _________________. The phenomenon is clearly caused by an acoustic resonance / response. In our chemistry class I discovered that ______ _________ discovered _______________. The presence of water on the moon means that life existed on the moon before. d. In many booming dunes. In our chemistry class a. went to investigate the accident / incident. I have learnt how much v. c. Our English teacher explained that _______ explained that _______ _______________. Acoustic resonance f. 3 pts. 5 pts. Low ozone levels d. Jesús Martínez-Frías. that _____________. A Spanish geologist b. _______________. Tick which of the two speakers mentioned these points. d._____clearly remembers when ____________ ________________ _______________. some up to 100 /200 kilograms in weight. 2 Read the text again and complete these sentences. He also asked the question where ________. 6 pts. Then ask your partner the appropriate questions to complete the same sentences in column B with his / her answers. _______________. A British researcher c. e. ii. I clearly remember when iii.

LANGUAGE WRITING 7 Change these sentences into Reported Speech. Maine: Reporter: Prof. Maine: Reporter: Prof. the United States. Use the reporting verbs in the box. And how big are they? They cover nearly 400 square miles of desert. Maine: Reporter: Prof. No one has proof who built them or why. Is it true what some people say. that they are old landing sites for extraterrestrials? Some people say so. Maine: a c b d 112 UNIT 5 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . c. A: What did the policeman say? B: ___________________________________. 4 pts. A: What did you tell Susan? B: ___________________________________.” 9 Write two short paragraphs (maximum 150 words) with the information in the interview below. Shop assistant: “Can I help you?” c. What is the specific location of the lines? They are located in the Nazca Desert. Customer: “How much does the computer cost?” d. b. a high arid plateau between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the pampa. What is the scientific name for such structures? Figures produced on the ground by the clearing of stones are called geoglyphs and they can be found in Egypt. Chile. A: What did the tourist ask you? B: ___________________________________. a. 8 Look at the pictures and answer the questions. but we scientists are sure that it is not true. 4 pts. Reporter: Prof. Sandra: “It’s not a good idea to leave so late. Bolivia and several other countries. A: What did the astronomer explain? B: ___________________________________. 10 pts. a. Maine: Can you tell me a little about the Nazca Lines? The Nazca Lines are an enigma. d. Malta. · asked · answered · enquired · explained · indicated · replied · said · told · wanted to know Reporter: Prof. Jane: “What programme did you see on Saturday?” b.

I actively participated in discussions and conversations related to science issues. Your score Your score Listening You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. I wrote the text following some indications. I applied the learnt structures and vocabulary in the exercises. Structures applied. I understood and applied some of the items in some cases. I used different strategies to understand and to make myself understood. Your score Writing You are expected to write a short text based on an interview.EVALUATION YOUR TEST RESULTS Reading You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. Your score Speaking You are expected to be able to ask and answer questions using reporting verbs. I deduced a few bits of the general and specific information. No structures applied. I identified most general and specific information correctly. I reflected on the implications of genetic manipulation and cloning. structures well applied. I wrote the text but followed only very few indications. 8 to 10 Excellent 6 to 7 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory Good pronunciation and no hesitation. I wrote the text following most indications. Always Sometimes Your score YOUR GENERAL PERFORMANCE I analysed and considered the consequences of some hypothetical scientific experiments. 8 to 10 Excellent 6 to 7 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory I grasped all the main ideas and answered most questions/tasks correctly. Language You are expected to apply and identify two language items. I grasped some of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. Good pronunciation and minimum hesitation. I grasped the majority of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. Never SCIENCE 113 . I used the verbs correctly. I used a few reporting verbs correctly. 7 to 8 Excellent 4 to 6 Good 2 to 3 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory I understood and applied all the items in all cases. I understood and applied all the items in most cases. I identified some general and specific information correctly. I deduced some of the main ideas and answered just a few questions correctly. 8 to 10 Excellent 6 to 7 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory I identified almost all general and specific information correctly. Some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. I did not use the reporting verbs. I understood and applied very few of the items in very few cases. A lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. Some structures applied.SELF . I showed respect for other students' opinions and ideas. 8 to 10 Excellent 6 to 7 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory In this unit I wrote the text following all the indications. I used some reporting verbs correctly.

You will also learn: GRAMMAR: reporting verbs – questions / indirect questions. 114 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . LISTENING: identify specific information. LISTENING: conversations.UNIT 6 In this unit you will learn to: READING: define and infer. You will pay special attention to these values The importance of following specific procedures in formal situations. You will use the following text types: READING: business / commercial letters. WRITTEN PRODUCTION: write a business letter. FUNCTIONS: complain / disagree / apologise / warn. ORAL PRODUCTION: discuss professions and occupations. VOCABULARY: words related to business activities and commercial letters.

musician. teacher. Cartoon 3. b. e. soldier. secretary. Excuse me. Diver. teacher. A disagreement. They require a lot of patience. 5 pts. A warning. window cleaner. a. Young man! I'll have to give you a fine if you don't get up from the grass. 115 . Your score: 0 . 4 pts. Cartoon 1. They require long years of study. Possible answers (any two of these): a. train driver. tourist guide. b. b. c. luggage handler. d.) with the cartoon that best represents it (1 – 4). 2. You are ready to start the lesson. a.4: Look up the words in a dictionary or ask your teacher to help you. c. Cartoon 2. 10 . An apology. to provide / ask for information. Doctor.13: Great job. Pilot. scientist. I don’t like your idea of buying new earphones for the iPod. stuntman. d. A complaint. Possible answers (any four of these): To apply for a job. nurse. d. d. to declare love. 1 2 3 4 3 Why do people normally write letters? In pairs. to keep in touch. Cartoon 4. They are really dangerous. lumberjack. c. 4 pts. 2 Match each of these situations (a.9: Well done. travelling salesperson. c. I'm very sorry for interrupting. zoo keeper. Athlete. builder. to apologise. 5 . but you could improve your vocabulary looking up some words. there seems to be something wrong with this laptop. shop assistant. to confess something. 3. to complain about something. etc. miner. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 1. a. – d. They require spending a lot of time away from home. list four reasons. e.IN BUSINESS HOW READY ARE YOU FOR THIS UNIT? 1 List two jobs for each category. lawyer. Artist. They require great physical strength. b. fireman.

on 1 Less
Learning abilities

BUSINESS LETTERS
BEFORE YOU READ 1 Answer and discuss these questions in your group.

READING

1. To connect content and previous knowledge. 2. To differentiate between formal and informal language. 3. To infer the meaning of key words. 4. To deduce the communicative purpose of texts. 5. To predict general information using previous knowledge. 6. To identify format of business letters.

a. In what situations do people complain? b. Have you ever had to return an article you bought? c. What was the reason? How did you do it? Were you satisfied with the result?

2 Match the informal expressions in column A with their formal equivalents in
column B.

A a. Ask your dad to help you with your homework.

B i. I request the pleasure of your company at the party to be held on the occasion of my birthday. ii. Mr Jensen, a young gentleman is waiting b. I totally agree with you, but there’s for you to make a complaint. nothing I can do to help you. iii.The item is not working; therefore I c. John, there is a guy waiting for you to would like you to replace it. complain. d. This thing is broken, so I want it changed. iv. I thoroughly understand your position; however, there is nothing I can do to help you. v. You should request your father’s help to e. Will you come to my birthday party? do your homework.

3 Which of these words sound or look similar in Spanish? Find the meaning of
the rest in a dictionary.
account client issue department justifiably discriminate purchase

Learning tip

invoice

When using formal English we often use the expression: I’m afraid… It means something like “I would help you if I could, but I can’t”. Examples: I’m afraid the train is late. I’m afraid I can’t offer you a refund. I’m afraid Mr Smith is out of the office at the moment.

4 Match the names of letters in the box with their definitions (a. – e.).
· Letter of apology · Letter of complaint · Order letter · Resignation letter · Thank you letter
a. _______________: you write it when you are not satisfied with a product or a service. b. _______________: you send it to your employers when you can no longer work for them. c. _______________: you offer your gratitude for something done for you. d. _______________: you ask for a product or a service to be delivered. e. _______________: it shows you are sorry and says that you value your relationship with the other party.

116

UNIT 6

5 In your opinion, which of these are characteristics of business letters? Mark
them with a tick (4). a. _____ They are fairly short and to the point. b. _____ They are usually handwritten. c. _____ They are usually rude and offensive. d. _____ They are written to express personal feelings. e. _____ They follow a strict format. f. _____ They have a very specific purpose such as a complaint, an enquiry, a request, etc. g. _____ They use formal language.

6 These diagrams show what a one-page business letter should look like. Have
a look at the letters on pages 118 - 119 you are going to read and decide which style they are. a. Block Style b. Semiblock Style c. Modified Block Style

WHILE YOU READ 7 Read the letters on pages 118 - 119 and check your predictions in Exercise 5. 8 Match the letters (I – V) with the definitions in Exercise 4 (a. – e.). 9 Mark with a tick (4) the letter that mentions the following points.
I a. A product required by a certain date. b. An inconvenience caused by a new staff member. c. A request for an explanation. d. Someone’s plans for the future. e. Someone’s positive qualities. II III IV V

Learning abilities

7. To validate predictions. 8. To identify definitions. 9. To find and support specific information. 10. To discriminate between correct and incorrect information. 11. To identify explicit and implicit information. 12. To infer information.

IN BUSINESS

117

January 30, 2010 Marina I HRM Stanley Manager Vanguard Telecommunication Inc . 1, High Street Glasgow Dear Ms Stanley, Please accept this letter as notific ation that I am leaving my positio n as Call Center Agent with Vangua Telecommunication Inc. on March rd , 1 of this year. I would like to take this opportuni ty to express my sincere thanks for being able to work for such an as Vanguard Telecommunications. important company I feel that I have learnt a lot as a member of your staff. One of the benefits is that thanks to my inte most important racting with international clients I have enormously improved my confident talking to people, I am English. I now feel familiar with client services and I have learnt how to work in a tea the opportunity you have given m - all this thanks to me over the past year. I will try to use all these new skills in my The reason for my leaving is tha future positions. t I have decided to take up my stu dies again. I will be starting a cou technology on March, 13. I hope rse in information to become a computer engineer in the future. I will be happy to train my replace ment or do anything else you fee l will help make the transition me know if you find this arrange smoother . Please let ment satisfactory. Thank you very much for giving me this opportunity, Sincerely yours, Valeria Santos

II
August 12, 2011 Mr Ray Daniels Teen Delight 226 Oak Tree Avenue Mar yland Dear Mr Daniels, was his went to your shop to buy a few products. It Last Friday, my 16-year old son, Andrew, ter – forward to buying a pair of pants and a swea first shopping trip alone and he was looking nt. He had high king in a local fast food restaura all paid for with the money he earned wor . did not want any adults to accompany him hopes for his first shopping trip alone and to buy e back without any of the things he wanted Unfortunately, after an hour or so he cam approached was looking at different clothes he was and he was also extremely upset. While he extensively on matters I find difficult to by one of your guards who questioned him t the what his name was. Then he asked him wha understand. First of all the guard asked him parents were. These wanted to know where his purpose of his visit to the shop was. He then s. left the shop without making any purchase questions made my son really upset and he the son was simply looking around a shop with I feel that your guard acted incorrectly. My a place that is ched and discriminated against in intention of buying a few things. He felt wat agers. supposed to specialize in products for teen was. what the reason for this kind of treatment I would like some kind of explanation as to son, who upset given that the situation affected my You will understand that I feel justifiably . now does not want to go shopping on his own rm us your findings? Will you please investigate the issue and info Sincerely, Michelle Ortega
Smooth : adj / happening or continuing without problems. Approach : verb / come near someone.

118

UNIT 6

&hope I am &the &person you are &look &concerns . I would appreciate &it &if you could &let me &know &the date of & the delivery &in advance &to ma ke &sure &there &is &someone &to &receive &it. details of which you will &find &in a &previous &invoice. I would like to apologize for the mix-up on your last order. Please &send &the &inv oice with &the &boxes. Concern : noun / feeling of worry. and I ing &for as &well. 2010 Karen Bewley Human Resources Manager Royal National Hospital 1400 Jackson Street Denver. San Juan. I &shall &especially appreciate your &usual &prompt delivery. as I have made other &purchases with your compa ny &in &the &past (&ink cartridges. &please If you &have any questions or &feel &free &to &contact me at 736-7374. Ch ris tin a Ha mi lto n Samuel H. white &printing &paper. &printing &paper and office &stationery). 2011 Mr. IN BUSINESS 119 . Texas Will you &kindly &send me & five (5) &boxes of A4. as I’m currently wo rking on &several &importan t &projects and must &print a &large number of documents &by August. August 6. and I &look &talking &further. Joey Derwin 415 Greenhills Street San Fernando. Colorado 80206 Dear Karen. 1999 edition. Randomhouse. IV Dear Mr. Texas. Derwin. Please deliver &the &five &boxes &to my &usual address: 124 Meadow Street . I &found your your &style &very &refreshing. Reavis. Sincerely yours.III June 22. I apologize for our mistake and regret any inconvenience caused as a result. Morgan V Adapted from: Shocked. 2010 Mr. Yours &sincerely. &forward &to Thank you once again. Yours faithfully. We und erstand your disappointment and appreciate the inconvenience this must have caused your organization . Dear Mr. Again. Appalled and Dismayed! How to Write Letters of Complaint that Get Results (Paperback). by Ellen Phillips. Gerald Belknap Customer Service Manager March 19. We recently hired a new sales pers on who was not familiar with your systems. t I am &very &excited about &the accountan Human assistant &position at &the &hospital’s &to work Resources Department and &the chance ion &is &exactly with &such a great &team. which is why we have applied a 10% discount on you r order. and I appreciate openness and &honesty. We have corr ected your order and shipped it out this morning. 25. IL 61111 Disappointment : noun / sadness because sth has not happened or been as good as expected. Steve Reavis 225 Gilbert Road Loves Park. This &posit &sincerely what I &have &been &looking &for. &suitable &for &use with &both &inkjet and &laser &printers as advertised &in your July catalogue on &page 23 &under &the number TP0987? Please charge &this &purchase &to my &bank accoun t. my Just a quick note &to &thank you &for &interviewing &interview on June 21.

c. i. e. Letter III: “I &found your &interviewing &style &very &refreshing. ii. _____ The sales person has been working with Gerald Belknap for a short time. Ms Hamilton has made purchases from this company before. b. Samuel felt uncomfortable at the interview. ____ The sender of Letter IV does not have a bank account. Valeria is willing to help the company and her replacement. ii. ii.10 Are these statements true (T) or false (F)? a. Ms Hamilton's bank account details are public. ii. _____ Christina Hamilton is often out. Valeria is relieved to be leaving the company. Valeria's boss is very demanding. ____ The name of the recipient of Letter II is Michelle Ortega. b. Ms Ortega does not agree with the guard's actions. e. iii. d. Samuel disliked the interviewer. c. i. d. a. i. e. ____ The sender of Letter V is asking for a 10% discount. and I appreciate your openness and &honesty”. _____ Michelle Ortega’s son did not buy the clothes he wanted. i. Computers and an employee caused the problem. ____ The sender of Letter III would like to work as an accountant’s assistant. iii. Letter I: “I will be happy to train my replacement or do anything else you feel will help make the transition smoother”. iii. Letter V: “We recently hired a new sales person who was not familiar with your systems”. Ms Ortega is unhappy with her son's reaction. 120 UNIT 6 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . iii. Ms Ortega finds the guard's attitude correct. Do these sentences express explicit (E) or implicit (I) information? a. Mr Derwin knows Ms Hamilton very well. d. Computers caused the problem. iii. 11 Read the letters again. i. ii. c. Letter IV: “You &will &find &the details of my &bank account &in a &previous &invoice”. _____ Samuel Morgan will be delighted to get the job. Letter II: “I feel that your guard acted incorrectly”. _____ Valeria Santos is going back to university. Samuel liked the interview. ____ The sender of Letter I was very happy with her job. b. An employee caused the problem. 12 What can you infer from these sentences in the letters? Choose the best alternative.

You have bought another video game! It’s such an unnecessary _______________________. The guard asked him what the purpose of his visit to the shop was.AFTER YOU READ 13 Use some of the words in Exercise 3 to fill in the gaps in these sentences. “What is your name?” the guard asked. To reflect on the content of the text and relate it to own experiences. 19. To write a new text following a model. 20. There is also a change of the word order. add two more examples of your own for each type of difference. “Where are you parents?” the guard wanted to know. 14. c. Nothing changes. One of the most important _____________________ people talk about is global warming. He asked him what his name was. e. 13. and b. Read these sentences from Letter III and the original direct questions. 3. If the reporting verb is in the past then the rest of the sentence also undergoes a verb change (see Language Note Unit 5. Page 97). Then. Lesson 1. To imitate a spoken model. It is very important to answer the complaint letter sent by one of your _______________________. What must I do to open a bank _________________________? d. b. To evaluate learning. To practise a language item. The tenses change. “What is the purpose of your visit to the shop?” the guard asked. a. b. 18. Spelling Difference Vocabulary Difference Apologize Center Learned Organization Pants Specialize Language Note Reporting verbs – questions (continued) 1. To use information to complete a conversation. c. 15. 17. He also wanted to know where his parents were. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities IN BUSINESS 121 . b. What do you notice about the indirect questions? a. 2. 16. Direct question: “Why is she late?” he asked. a. which are in American English. If you need more information please contact the Human Resources _______________________. To consolidate key vocabulary. The answer is a. c. Complete the chart with the correct word in British English and tick the correct column (Spelling or Vocabulary). To identify and classify differences between American and British English. Learning abilities 14 The words in the first column of this chart appeared in the letters you read. Indirect question: He asked why she was late. The word order changes.

“Who is your maths teacher?” my brother asked. “Where is the bathroom?” the child asked his father. Then practise and role play the dialogue for the class. Marina: So Valeria. b. where is your father?” ____________________________________________________________. 10 pts. Kelly: “Why don’t you answer my messages?” ____________________________________________________________. I understand that you are leaving the Call Center. e. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 6 EXCELLENT! 7 to 10 American v/s British English center / learned centre / learnt 122 UNIT 6 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . d. Use a different reporting verb for each sentence. b. The teacher: “How did you find the information to write the report?” ____________________________________________________________. Marina. Sarah: “How many languages can you speak?” ____________________________________________________________. a. 16 Use information from Letter I and the visual clues on the left to complete the conversation between Valeria and her boss. 18 MINITEST Report what these people asked. e. “What time is it?” Sally wanted to know. d. “How tall are you?” the doctor enquired. “How much are these Coldplay CD’s?” I wanted to find out. Valeria: _______________________________________________________ Marina: And when exactly are you planning to leave? Valeria: _______________________________________________________ Marina: What are your plans for the future? Valeria: _______________________________________________________ Marina: I believe that you liked working for us. a. Valeria: _______________________________________________________ Marina: And what is the most important thing that you learned here? Valeria: _______________________________________________________ Marina: And what other skills have you learned from working with us? Valeria: _______________________________________________________ Marina: Do you think you could help us train your replacement? Valeria: _______________________________________________________ 17 40 Now listen to the conversation and check your answers. c.15 Change these direct questions into indirect ones. Molly’s mother: “Molly. c. The interviewer: “What is your experience with learning disabilities?” ____________________________________________________________.

decide what type of letter you are going to write – apology. a. Mr Steve Soames. Always sign the letter by hand. Wicklow. it’s not instead of it is not). ed the instructions. What do you think of these quotations? How much do you agree with them? “A friendship founded on business is better than a business founded on friendship. etc. John D. The company you ordered it from is: PC Quick Deals. write the letter on a clean sheet of paper. and what kind of language to use. Does she / he consider that you have achieved your objective? Evaluate your performance. Yours faithfully. resignation. The sales manager is Ms Edna Carrow. • We read and follow ter. h.(1874 . You would like to thank the Customer Service manager. Victoria. Ask and answer these questions: Does it make sense? Does it sound polite? Does it have all the relevant information? Does it follow a business letter format? i. OR iii. what information you should include. Jr. Ireland. d. but he / she didn't have a good CV? Would you send a letter recommending her / him to your boss? d. What would you do if one of your best friends needed a job. In a onepage letter. c.1960) “Success is never final. • We determined th e relevant format an the letter keeping th • We wrote g and grammar. single spaced. You have ordered a PC for your brother’s birthday.” Winston Churchill (1874 . You work for QMC Department Store.” David Sarnoff (1891 . which is in four days. Minneapolis. Choose one of the following situations: i. discuss the details: format of the letter.19 APPLICATION TASK – WRITING You are going to work with a partner to write a business letter. If you answered yes to all the questions above. You went to your local Municipal Office to obtain a driving licence. order. In pairs. etc. Waverley.1965) “Competition brings out the best in products and the worst in people. What have you learnt about writing business letters? b. The address is: 17 Coleman Parade. Australia 3150.1971) IN BUSINESS 123 . Say Yes or No.). 12 Dalton Street. 234 Garden Avenue. g. e. a. Keep the letter brief and to the point. Proof-read the letter and then read it aloud. • We checked spellin 20 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. Can you name two situations in which you would use formal and informal language? c. Remember not to use shortened verb forms (don’t instead of do not. The Human Resources Manager is Miss Kiara Spencer. for the service. Do not tell her / him what type of letter you were going to write. you will usually need only three or four paragraphs. According to the situation you have chosen. You found the service exceptionally good and quick. OR ii. e purpose of our let d purpose. One of you should write the letter on a clean sheet of paper following the agreed format. Rockefeller. Finish the letter with a salutation (Yours sincerely. Ask your teacher to read the letter and give you his / her opinion. j. f. USA. b. You are leaving your job because you found another one closer to your home. Use a double space in between paragraphs.

– d. Use the descriptions in Exercise 2 as a model. a. LISTENING 1. b. Each of you must choose a job and describe it. 3. A postman is a person who _____________________________________. d.). He or she usually _____________________________________________. He or she usually _____________________________________________. 3 Work with your partner. To predict content. c. A sports commentator is a person who ___________________________. 5. Can your partner guess the job? These pictures can give you some ideas. 1 2 UNIT 6 3 4 124 . He or she usually _____________________________________________. Why do you think we need a job description? c. 4. 1 2 3 4 American v/s British English Mailman / woman Postman / woman a. How do people know what to do in a specific job before they start working? b. A security guard is a person who ________________________________. To infer the meaning of key words. 2. To connect pictures and content. A pilot is a person who _________________________________________. To describe and guess jobs.on 2 Less Learning abilities DESCRIBING JOBS BEFORE YOU LISTEN 1 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. He or she usually _____________________________________________. To connect content and previous knowledge. What information should a job description include? 2 Look at the pictures (1 – 4) and complete the short job descriptions for each one (a.

To validate predictions. ____ Receptionist f. ____________: this person usually ____________ loan ____________. analyses ____________ reports and ____________ and reviews loan ____________. To match non-textual information and visuals that represent it. c. 7. 11. 8. binding. To find and match specific information.4 41 Listen to the words and indicate which ones look or sound similar in Spanish. ____ Accountant b. ____________: this person will investigate ____________ and suggest preventive ____________. How to apply for a job. Then write the corresponding name of the jobs you identified in Exercise 7. ____ Safety officer American v/s British English High school Secondary school 8 42 Listen again and fill in each blank in these sentences with ONE word. WHILE YOU LISTEN 6 7 42 Listen to the three conversations and check your prediction in Exercise 5. b. Looking for a job. a. ____ Loans officer c. a. he / she will examine potential unsafe working ____________. cutting and stapling ____________. · applicant · committee · loan · maintenance · qualifications · require · salary · supplies 5 You will listen to three conversations. What do you think the common subject of the three will be? a. c. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities IN BUSINESS 125 . 9. Learning abilities 6. Jobs people like and dislike. To find specific supporting information. ____________: this person will run the photocopying ____________ and perform special ____________ such as ____________. ____ Office assistant d. direct the activities of a ____________ committee and may provide safety ____________. To find specific information. To find and classify information. ____ Pilot e. b. Find the meaning of the rest in a dictionary. He / she will be ____________ for the maintenance of the ____________ and ordering ____________. 10. 42 Listen again and tick the jobs mentioned. Three of them are not mentioned. Staple : verb / keep together with staples (staple: a piece of metal in the shape of a square bracket).

ii. She doesn’t need any experience. e. 126 UNIT 6 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . ii. ii.) Conversation I a. An application form. Two friends. She needs some experience. ii. ii. She sent her CV. Where did the girl in this conversation find the job advertisement? i. In a school. What does the man in this conversation think of the job? i. ii. Maths skills. Maintenance. A job counsellor and a job seeker. e. What is the situation of the girl in this conversation? i. Training. or ii. c. II III 11 42 Listen again and choose the best answer (i. Conversation II b. 1 Conversation _________ Clues: _______________ ____________________ ____________________ American v/s British English Counselor Counsellor 2 Conversation _________ Clues: _______________ ____________________ ____________________ 3 Conversation _________ Clues: _______________ ____________________ ____________________ 10 42 Tick which conversation mentions each of these points. f. It is ideal for him. I a. She phoned. – f. Who are the participants in this conversation? i. In a newspaper. Conversation III d. A diploma. f. d.9 42 Listen to the conversations again and match each one with a picture (1 – 3). At a job centre. g. It is too dangerous. Where does this conversation take place? i. The salary. What did she do immediately? i. Identify two details (clues) that helped you to decide. b.) for these questions (a. c. Two years’ experience. A job counsellor. On a bulletin board. h.

17. b. If you want to work in program analysis you must have the right _____________________. She wanted to know if I was good at any specific school subjects. f. 4. Notice that we use the word if when the direct question does not have a question word (what. c. information) through discussion and oral work.) and requires a simple yes / no answer. f. etc. “Do I have to take a special course?” b. c. 14. e. difficult or embarrassing. b. To reflect on the content of the text and relate it to own experiences. “Can you take me to the station?” Emily asked. “Are you good at any specific school subjects?” d. c. I enquired if I needed any experience. Learning abilities 12. Tammy sent a letter to order some _____________________. a. Learning tip 13 Change these direct questions into indirect ones. There were over 500 _____________________ for the job we advertised.AFTER YOU LISTEN 12 Use some of the words from Exercise 4 to complete these sentences. c. are true. 13. a. 2. e. They asked if I could start next week. To reinforce a grammar point. d. “Are you coming to my party?” Stephen wanted to know. They all include the word if. Which of these statements is true about the indirect questions? a. d. “Does the new employee know anything about computers?” Annie wondered. 16. To use new vocabulary. “Have you ever applied for a scholarship to study abroad?” the interviewer asked me. To use new vocabulary and structures. The interviewing _____________________ will meet today and decide who will get the job. and d. David is in charge of the general _____________________ of the building and the gardens.. try using one of these openings: Can / Could you tell me if …? I’d be interested to hear / know if … I’d like to know if … Would you mind telling me if …? IN BUSINESS HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 127 . a. I asked her if I had to take a special course. 18. To evaluate learning. “Do you have a spare pen?” the man enquired. To participate in a guided conversation. When you want to ask a question that is quite sensitive. a. b. She applied for a bank _____________________ but did not get it. 15. b. They look like a sentence in the affirmative form. d. They all use the word ask. “Do I need any experience?” c. “Did we switch off the lights at home?” Helen asked. Read these examples from the recording. d. To summarise (ideas. They don’t have a question mark at the end. when. b. “Can you start next week?” 3. Language Note Indirect questions 1. where. Can you match the indirect questions above with their direct equivalents? a.

Teresa would like to know if you _________________________________. h. 8 pts. a. 16 MINITEST Complete these sentences using your own ideas. you have to pay an entrance fee. but it is not much. Peter: Can you tell me if _________________________________. d. The hairdresser wanted to know if Frances _________________________. Peter: I’d also like to know if ______________________________.14 Read and complete the indirect questions in these conversations. 15 43 Listen to the recording and check your answers. Tourist guide: No. The Japanese tourist wondered if anyone _________________________. The Finance Minister asked if the President ________________________. Peter: I can’t remember if ________________________________. Tourist guide: Yes. Tourist guide: Yes. It is in Marylebone. b. Practise and role play the two conversations. REVISE AGAIN 0 to 2 GOOD JOB! 3 to 5 EXCELLENT! 6 to 8 128 UNIT 6 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . c. II Peter: I’d like to know if __________________________________. the Fine Arts museum is closed right now. Mrs White is not in at the moment. The children asked if they ______________________________________. The doctor asked me if I ________________________________________. Rosa: I was wondering if ________________________________. Mr Thomas wanted to know if the band ___________________________. Tell me. Assistant: Of course you can leave her a message. It opens at 10 am on Mondays. Rosa: Would you mind telling me what time ________________? Assistant: Yes. I Rosa: Can you tell me if _________________________________? Assistant: Sorry. she will be back in about half an hour. it’s not in the city centre. Tourist guide: Sorry. e. g. George asked Fred and Myra if they ______________________________. f.

public schools. Positive features • Mention two positive aspects of this occupation. 3. Requirements • Key skills and abilities required. Make two copies of the worksheet opposite for a job you think you would like to have. Salary range • What is the typical salary for someone entering this occupation? 7. b. f. discuss each heading and the points provided. Related occupations • Mention two occupations that are similar to the one you researched. • Personality traits that are important for this occupation. Primary responsibilities • What do people in this occupation do? • Mention at least two specific responsibilities for this occupation. a. s and ideas from the ed words. hospitals. Work in pairs. Can you now describe jobs? b.SPEAKING Gathering information is a critical step in making an effective career decision. Occupation / Profession / Job title: ________________________________________ 2. a. Negative features • Mention two negative aspects of this occupation. What information must you include in a job description? c. c. if your chosen job is an accountant (job title) what responsibilities would be the most important? d. 1. according to the instr • I filled in the form levant information. With your partner. Did anyone else choose the same job? Are his / her findings the same as yours? If not – what is different? g. For example. Say Yes or No. If you had the opportunity to earn a lot of money doing something that goes against your principles or is very controversial. Ask your teacher and classmates to evaluate your presentation using these points. Educational preparation • What programme of study or training is required or suggested for entry into this occupation? • What licenses or certifications are required? 6.17 APPLICATION TASK . Why is it necessary to list someone’s duties and tasks before he or she starts working? d. structure • I us spelling cted grammar and • I checked and corre mistakes. e. Make notes of the relevant information in the answers. etc. 18 Answer and discuss these questions in your group. 4. Job characteristics • How many working hours are there in an average week for this occupation? • Is shift work involved? • Is travel involved? How often? Short / Long distances? Overnight? 8. 10. Make a presentation to the class about the job of your choice. Read the form through and find out the meaning of any words you do not understand. Use the notes you have taken to help you. • I included all the re lesson. Employment • In what setting is this occupation found? Indoors? Outdoors? Both? • In what kind of organisations? (small businesses. 9. Now that you have researched the profession you liked and talked about the positive and negative aspects – do you still see yourself doing it? h.) 5. uctions. would you do it? IN BUSINESS 129 .

and &the contacts you & ing &this &process. Washington DC 29 January. 2011 Dear Mr. I am enclosing a ious employers and teachers. CA 08065 17 January. Head Nurse as advertised in the New York I am writing to apply for the position of tion. I &especially appreciate &the &info have &shared with me. Your &have &provided. · a follow-up letter · a letter of complaint · a resignation letter · a thank you letter · an application letter · an order I Avicom Computer Company Sales Department 23rd Street. Hatfield. I bought it from the return software this month (see attache ful to . What type are they? Choose from the alternatives in the box. It is the second time I hav I’m afraid that the enclosed software Avicom d correspondence). George Gulliver Trenton Hospital 87 Delaware Road. 2008 Dear Sirs e had to doesn’t work. II 19 February. assistance &has &been &invaluable &to me dur III Mr. Washington. my certifica Times.CONSOLIDATION ACTIVITIES 1 Read the beginnings of three letters (I – III). given me with my &job Thank you &for all &the &help you &have rmation and advice you &search. 2010 Dear Frederick. As requested. Washington follow your instructions. While installing the software I was care store at Newtown Street. my completed job application. resume and three references from prev 130 UNIT 6 HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities . Gulliver.

We wi t present any like to offer you a home eck that your PC does no ion and to additionally ch the installat problems.2 Match these answers (a. I must inform ur application letter. Where is the nearest post office? Are you having a good time? How much does it cost? How old are you? a b c d 1 2 3 4 a.c. I am glad that you co I really appreciate your let your search. has assisted you during help and that it 3 Re-write the direct questions (a. __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ ___ ___ ___ _______________ __________________ _______________ _______________ HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities IN BUSINESS 131 . __________________ d. Howe to confirm the receipt of yo the day before we I would like for the nursing job closed se the application period you that becau on. a Dear Ms Stevens ver. __________________ c. .III). t consider you for the positi eived your letter we canno rec b Dear Tom.)in these cartoons (1 – 4) in indirect form. software you ny problems installing the sorry you have had so ma and we would I am terribly u are a valued customer see to re.) with the three letters in Exercise 1 (I . __________________ b. uld use my ter. – d. I can assure you that yo bought at our sto ll send an IT technician to installation service. c Dear Sue.

) ________ a 1 hour lunch each day. you have used up 170 day Since you spend 16 hours each day awa (c. lable working time is down to (g. 22 f. – c.) ________ days available. days available ther 46 days. year. year which leaves only (h. 1 .) ________ days available. 104 b.) ________ available t it from the 365 days we will have only by 2 gives us (a. 20 g.) ________ days __ days. you used up ano With for work. This leaves you only (f.) ________ day We generously give 14 days vacation per off! There’s no way I’ll let you take that day 2 Match the cartoons (1 – 3) with the punch line (a. 15 h. 1 2 3 His heart is too soft to be a good chef! a b I hate summers! It always means unemployment for us. s. 261 c. so your avai available for work. that is why I will give you a short SENTENCE! 132 UNIT 6 Answers: a.) ______ We are off 5 holidays per year.) ________. That means that 52 wee ks per year in which you already have 2 There are 52 wee (b. You normally spend 2 days per year on per year available for work. at what you are asking for. leaving only (e. 68 e. leaving only y from work. sick leave. So you want a day off? Let’s take a look work. If we subtrac for work. leaving only ee break which counts for 23 days each You spend 30 minutes each day on coff (d. There are 365 days per year available for ks days off per week. 91 d. c I know that you are a teacher.).JUST FOR FUN 1 Read the text and fill in the blanks completing the calculations.

sincerity and interest.uk/etiquette/doing-business-chile. Adapted from: http://www. January and February are the summer holidays. but not overbearing. so try to avoid them. Gestures In Chile. it is good etiquette to send flowers or chocolates to the hostess in advance.kwintessential. If you are invited to a person’s home in Chile.co. Eye contact is important in Chile as it conveys trust. people leave little space between each other when interacting. When addressing people. You may see women patting each other on the right forearm or shoulder rather than shaking hands. Chileans negotiate in a serious and straight talking manner.CHILEAN CONNECTION How do you think foreigners see us behave in business activities. Do not be surprised if the person you are speaking with places a hand on your shoulder when talking with you. Business Meetings and Negotiating Appointments should be made a few weeks prior to arrival in Chile. Mrs or Miss. do so by phone rather than in writing. Hard sell tactics or pressure never work. If you are the one inviting them you should pick up the bill.html IN BUSINESS 133 . Be upfront. Entertaining Business entertaining usually takes place at hotels or restaurants. formally or informally? In which months are business meetings in Chile not advisable? CHILEAN BUSINESS ETIQUETTE FOR VISITORS FROM OVERSEAS This guide to doing business in Chile highlights some key areas for consideration when doing business in Chile. If you wish to convey your thanks after the meal. start formal and wait for an invitation to go informal. Always be prepared to compromise as this shows you value the relationship more than the financial aspects of the deal. When meeting large groups. it is good etiquette to shake hands with all those present. Address people by their surnames and Mr. Meeting and Greeting When meeting someone in Chile a handshake is customary.

Fax. ISBN-10: 1601630298. Yours faithfully. Pete place. This did not attend to your ne mediately and issue will be taken up im I will keep in touch to investigated further and . Adapted from: The Encyclopaedia of Business Inc. gratulate companies on the do not take the chance to write and con I would like to say that people usually excellent service they received. John Davis and family UNIT 6 Letters. I hope that you can investigate this matter further. and E-Mail (Paperback). III Dear Sir. Please be hly valued by Easy that each customer is hig Spin. 134 . l staff members who made our check-i our arrival we were greeted by cheerfu functions of went out of their way to explain various loyees were extremely courteous and All of your emp ly kept. e pleased with your rsburg campsite I have to say I am quit ever. Jordan Castle. Published by Career Pr By Robert Bly. blem This letter is to notify you about a pro washing I am having with the Easy Spin store machine that I bought at your Essex last October. February 2009. rn that the Easy Spin It was distressing to lea ught from us last washing machine you bo erly. let you know the outcome store to replace the I have now instructed the damaged goods to item. after vacationing at your St.TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING I THE BUSINESS OF LETTER WRITING II Dear Mr Castle. ines Easy Spin Washing Mach General Manager Dustin Cole Re: Replacement of washing machine Dear sir or madam. le staying there. I also found him quite rude and to unwilling to find a satisfactory solution my problem. this unfortunate I am sincerely sorry that dly ask for your incident occurred and kin lieve me when I say understanding. Please turn over the delivery of the new the driver at the time of machine. Upon How been at a more efficient and welcoming personnel. but without results. which was clean and nice will recommend the St. the campsite. Having received no satisfactory solution from your store I am hereby requesting that you replace the faulty machine or refund my money. I am dissatisfied with your product because it does not heat up water not correctly and when it washes it does remove all the detergent. I have already ing attempted to solve this problem by talk any to the store manager. I am also sorry month did not work prop r of the store in Essex to hear that the manage eds properly. I am pleased to say I My family and I had a lovely time whi Petersburg site to my friends. I don’t believe I have ever operations and n short and comfortable. Memos. Sincerely yours.

a b 5 3 Are these statements true (T) or false (F)? 6 pts. b. Where does the person want to place an advertisement? i. The customer will get his money back. _____ Mr Castle bought his machine in Essex. 2 What can you infer from these sentences in the letters? 3 pts. d. i. A high school diploma. iii. A letter of apology. When will the ad be published? i. b. The customer will receive a new machine. a. Letter III: (Your employees) went out of their way to explain various functions of the campsite. The writer expects the Essex store manager to be congratulated. ii. c. What must the ideal candidate for the job have? i. 5 pts. – c. _____ The staff at the campsite were very friendly. i. A pilot. The employees were very helpful. What clues did you hear? 2 pts. 3 pts. ii. _____ The writer of the first letter will accept a new machine or his money back. Letter II: I have now instructed the store to replace the item immediately. a. iii. b. ii. What position is the ad for? i. On a website. ii. Name: __________________________________ Surname: _______________________________ Position: ________________________________ E-mail address: ___________________________ Telephone number: _______________________ IN BUSINESS 6 135 . In a newspaper.1 Read the letters (I – III) and match them with these types of letters (a. b. 44 Listen again and fill in the contact details of the person placing the ad. ii. i. f. _____ The writer of the first letter has a problem with a clothes dryer. c. A thank you letter. ii. The employees worked outside the camp. a. 80. d. c. _____ The writer of letter III went to the campsite alone. Letter I: I hope that you can investigate this matter further. A flight attendant. Next week. The customer will receive further instructions. iii. _____ Letter II is offering a satisfactory solution to a problem. ii. The writer expects the Essex store manager to talk to the General Manager. Tomorrow. 5 pts. 44 Listen to the conversation and choose the best answer to the questions. c. Experience. 65. e. How many words does the ad have in total? i. e.) a. The employees got lost. The writer expects the General Manager to deal with an employee’s bad attitude. LISTENING PLACING A JOB ADVERTISEMENT 4 44 Listen to a conversation and choose the picture that best represents it. A letter of complaint. ii.

Interviewer: (d.) __________________________ ________________________________________.). and your own ideas to complete the applicant’s part of this interview (a.) __________________________ ________________________________________.) ________________. Applicant: I could start work next (l.) _________________________ ________________________________________. It was only after a while that a policewoman asked in three different languages where (e. d. Interviewer: (i. Then practise and role play it with a partner. Applicant: Well.LANGUAGE SPEAKING 7 Change the direct into indirect questions using the provided openings. 10 pts. 6 pts. Has Sean been to New Zealand? 5 pts. Applicant: Yes. Applicant: I’m applying for the job because (j. a. 9 Use the expressions in the box to complete the interviewer’s part.) ________________ and how (c. Write a letter of complaint (maximum 150 words) requesting that the order be delivered as soon as possible. 5 pts. Then a police psychologist asked him what (b. HYPERTEXT: digital resources and activities 136 UNIT 6 .) __________________________ ________________________________________. Have I left my umbrella at home? I can’t remember ______________________ _____________________________________. · he knew his home address · he was from · his name was · his parents were · old he was The police found the little boy wondering alone on the beach. · Can you tell me · I can’t remember · I wonder if · I would like to know · I’d like to ask you · I’m afraid Interviewer: (a. Is Manchester United winning the match? The football fans asked the commentator _____________________________________ _____________________________________. WRITING 10 You ordered five (5) boxes of A4. Did you learn English at school? Our new friends enquired _______________ _____________________________________. b.) ____________ for (h.) ________________ but he looked scared and did not answer.) _________ ______________________________ if necessary. – l. Interviewer: (e.) __________________________ ________________________________________.) __________________________ ________________________________________.) ____________.) _____________________________________. Applicant: Yes. Interviewer: (f.When she at last spoke in Portuguese the boy smiled and said he was Brazilian. Applicant: I’m sorry that you cannot find it but I have another copy with me.) _____________ and I’m (c.) _____________ years old. They asked him where (a. You phoned once and spoke to the secretary but did not get a positive answer.) ________________ but the boy was quiet. I wonder _____________________________ _____________________________________. I worked as a(n) (g. c. They took him to the police station and gave him something to eat and drink.) ______________. white printing paper. my name is (b. 8 Fill in the blanks in this paragraph with the phrases in the box. Interviewer: (k. e. Can you play the accordion? The music teacher asked ________________ _____________________________________. suitable for use with both inkjet and laser printers but the order did not arrive. I sent my application form by e-mail last Wednesday. I have some experience. The psychologist also enquired if (d.

structures well applied. Structures applied. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 2 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory I understood and applied all the items in all cases. I showed respect for other students’ opinions and ideas. Your score Writing You are expected to write a letter of complaint. 8 to 10 Excellent 5 to 7 Good 2 to 4 Not too bad 0 to 1 Unsatisfactory In this unit I wrote a letter following all the indications. I deduced some of the main ideas and answered just a few questions correctly. I understood and applied all the items in some cases. but followed only very few indications. No structures applied. Language You are expected to apply and identify two language items. I used some indirect questions/ reporting verbs correctly. I used different strategies to understand and to make myself understood. I did not use indirect questions / reporting verbs. I actively participated in the discussions and conversations related to business issues. Some structures applied. I deduced a few bits of the general and specific information. I grasped the majority of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. I applied the learnt structures and vocabulary in the exercises. Your score Your score Listening You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. A lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. 10 to 12 Excellent 6 to 9 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory I grasped all the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. 10 to 12 Excellent 6 to 9 Good 3 to 5 Not too bad 0 to 2 Unsatisfactory I identified almost all general and specific information correctly.EVALUATION YOUR TEST RESULTS Reading You are expected to be able to identify and understand key facts and details. I wrote a letter. I identified some general and specific information correctly. Some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. I understood and applied all the items in very few cases. I identified most general and specific information correctly.SELF . Your score Speaking You are expected to be able to ask and answer questions using reporting verbs. I used indirect questions / reporting verbs correctly. 5 to 6 Excellent 3 to 4 Good 1 to 2 Not too bad 0 Unsatisfactory Good pronunciation and no hesitation. I wrote a letter following some indications. I grasped some of the main ideas and answered most questions correctly. Good pronunciation and minimum hesitation. I wrote a letter following most indications. Always Sometimes Your score YOUR GENERAL PERFORMANCE I reflected and gave my opinion on moral issues related to work and business. I used a few indirect questions / reporting verbs correctly. Never IN BUSINESS 137 . I understood and applied all the items in most cases.

ANSWERS
UNIT 1.
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING – THREE LOVE LETTERS • Student completes the dialogue with four or five of the correct alternatives and role plays it with good pronunciation and no hesitation. 8 - 10 pts. • Student completes the dialogue with three or four of the correct alternatives and role plays it with good pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation. 5 - 7 pts. • Student completes the dialogue with two or three of the correct alternatives and role plays it with some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. 2 - 4 pts. • Student completes the dialogue with one or two of the correct alternatives and role plays it with a lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. 0 - 1 pts. WRITING

1 Letter I – c. Letter II – a. Letter III – b. 2 a. Because Brad makes her laugh really hard. 3 a. - ii. b. - iii. c. - i.
LISTENING – LOVE REUNITED 14

b. Because he left Krissy / because he feels guilty. c. Probably yes, but only as a friend.

4 a. 5 a. 6 a. 42 / 17. b. ended / France. c. mother’s / Spain.
d. answered / right. e. 30 / kissing. LANGUAGE

10 The students complete the letter with their own
ideas, using the vocabulary and structures leant in the unit. Assign points according to the following criteria. • Student completes the letter expressing his / her own feelings, using the vocabulary and structures learnt in the unit, without grammar or spelling mistakes. 8 - 10 pts. • Student completes the letter expressing his / her own feelings, using most of the vocabulary and structures learnt in the unit, with a few grammar or spelling mistakes. 5 - 7 pts. • Student completes the letter expressing his / her own feelings, using some of the vocabulary and structures learnt in the unit, with some grammar or spelling mistakes. 3 - 4 pts. • Student does not expresses his / her feelings to complete the letter, does not use the vocabulary and structures learnt in the unit, and makes a lot of grammar or spelling mistakes. 0 - 2 pts.

7 A

B What time might it be? I’m not sure. It might be around 5 p.m. A possibility She might miss the plane if she does not hurry. A possibility Where might we go at the weekend? A suggestion Whatever you prefer - you might have salad or pasta. A possibility Might I take this chair if you are not using it? A request a. so. b. absolutely. c. such. d. really.

8 (Other sensible answers are acceptable).
SPEAKING

9 (Other sensible answers are acceptable
according to your reality). You might have lunch in the school cafeteria. You might ask Carlos. You might join the drama class. You might call Jenny. You might need to fill in a form. Assign points to the activity according to the following criteria.

138

MINITEST

13 P. 13
Possible answers a. You might visit (interesting place in student's area). b. Helen / Ian, might I borrow your T-shirt? c. Mum, I have looked everywhere. Do you know where my favourite jeans might be? d. You might buy crisps, biscuits and soft driks.

b. There is only one great passion in his life: writing books. (gerund) c. Thank you for giving me such a beautiful gift. (gerund) d. What is she doing here? (present participle) e. I hate doing the same thing twice. (gerund) LISTENING – OPINIONS FROM MOSCOW 20

6 a. librarian. b. romance. c. fantasy.
d. last week. e. people.

13 P. 17
Possible answers This happened a month ago. The day was terribly hot and I really wanted a drink. I looked around and saw a little kiosk with soft drinks and ice-cream but it was so crowded I decided to look somewhere else. Then a boy standing right in front of the kiosk waved to me. He was very cute! He had a bottle of orange crush in his hand and he was offering it to me. I was quite impressed. And now, a month later, we are dating! I still think he is absolutely fabulous.

7 a. RYM. b. BT. c. RYM. d. RYM. e. BT.
SPEAKING

8 (Other sensible possibilities are acceptable).
Juliet: I'm sure I've seen that James Bond film before. Brenda: I think you're wrong. You've seen “Casino Royale”, but not “Quantum of Solace”. Juliet: You're right about “Casino Royale” but I'm not certain if I saw the other film too. Brenda: The two films certainly are quite similar. Juliet: Now that I remember; “Quantum of Solace” was filmed in Latin America, wasn't it? Brenda: Argentina, I think. Juliet: No, I am quite certain it was a different country. Let me think…Chile! Yes, that's right, it was Chile. Brenda: I'm not really sure. They filmed it somewhere in the desert, didn't they?
Assign points to the activity according to the following criteria. • Student completes the dialogue with seven or eight of the correct alternatives and role plays it with good pronunciation and no hesitation. 8 - 10 pts. • Student completes the dialogue with five or six of the correct alternatives and role plays it with good pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation. 5 - 7 pts. • Student completes the dialogue with three or four of the correct alternatives and role plays it with some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. 3 - 4 pts.

UNIT 2.
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING – UNUSUAL VAMPIRES

1 a. 2 Bella Swan – main female character. Billy Burke –
supporting actor. Catherine Hardwicke – director. Melissa Rosenberg – screenwriter. Robert Pattinson – main male actor. Stephanie Meyer – author / writer.

3 a. No. There are no clichéd stereotypes with
fangs, coffins and stakes through the heart. b. In Portland, Oregon. c. It ties in to the story perfectly; the soundtrack fits the tone of the film (with its moody rock songs). LANGUAGE

4 Answers will vary. 5 a. He was playing football when I saw him
yesterday. (present participle)

139

• Student completes the dialogue with one or two of the correct alternatives and role plays it with a lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. 0 - 2 pts. WRITING

UNIT 3.
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING - GREEN SHIPS FIGHT GLOBAL WARMING

9 Assign points according to the following criteria.
• Student writes a coherent review including all the required elements, with no grammar or spelling mistakes. 8 - 10 pts. • Student writes a fairly coherent review including most of the required elements, with very few 5 - 7 pts. grammar or spelling mistakes. • Student writes a simple review including a few of the required elements, with several grammar and spelling mistakes. 3 - 4 pts. • Student writes a few sentences that do not include the required elements, with a lot of grammar and spelling mistakes. 0 - 2 pts. MINITEST

1 c. 2
B The amount of benefit for each pound spent on stratospheric aerosols. The number of ships to be used in the project. 2,000 5.3 billion The total cost of cloud whitening. 150 billion The cost governments are considering spending on the reduction of CO2 emissions. 15 A

3 a. True. b. False. c. True. d. False. 4 a. It is much cheaper than other methods.

b. The impact it has on different industries. 26

13 P. 33
Possible answers a. is sitting. b. Eating. c. watching. d. is helping. e. doing. f. learning. g. is enjoying. h. Arriving.

LISTENING – CUTTING EDGE TECHNOLOGY

15 P. 37

5 Interview I: b. — Interview II: c. 6 c. d. 7 a. light.
b. cut. c. on TV. d. tiny.

a. repairing all kinds of things. b. arriving late. a. Eating fruits and vegetables. a. doing her homework.

8 a. A nanometre is 1 billionth part of a metre.

b. Invention 1, the molecular clippers, is useful because we can use it to hold very tiny objects. c. Invention 2, the mini laser, is useful because it is used to cure skin cancer.

LANGUAGE

9 a. The doctor suggested that I drink lots of
water and have three light meals a day. b. The teacher insisted that we submit the paper on Monday at the latest. c. Marie proposed that we sell the tickets at 3 pounds each. d. The scientist recommended that we take the necessary steps to reduce global warming now.

140

with some grammar or spelling mistakes. a. d. Dani. Tell them to use the subjunctive mood in the summary. c. SPEAKING 12 Assign 1/2 points for each correct match picture . 141 . 5 . important. Check that the Subjunctive is used correctly. c. 57 Will vary. b. Cristina Aguilera. I propose that we fly to Mexico and there we can rent a car. I demand that you return my money! The computer is not working. ii. c. Picture 2.10 pts. b. c. 53 Possible answers a. they don’t. ii. Dani. Jen. • Student role plays the introductions with good pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation. UNIT 4. b. 5 a. MINITEST 15 P. The President urges that we all vote in the next elections. Brad Pitt. ii. (2).4 pts. • Student writes a summary that contains very little of the relevant information required.10 a. 0 . The teacher suggested that we read Don Quijote de la Mancha as a good example of Spanish literature.8 pts. Assign the rest of the points according to these criteria: • Student role plays the introductions with good pronunciation and no hesitation. c.4 pts. d. III. • Student writes a summary that contains most of the relevant information. Mona Lisa with a rocket launcher. • Student role plays the introductions with a lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation. 11 Answers will vary. with no grammar or spelling mistakes. 7 . e. 3 a. with a lot of grammar or spelling mistakes. c. Picture 3. (5). d. LISTENING – CONCERT FANS 32 4 a.WHO IS BANKSY? 13 Refer students back to the brochure on page 62 and tell them to summarise it in no more than 100 words. I. • Student writes a summary that contains all relevant information. b. Picture 1. d. b. d. • Student writes a summary that contains some of the relevant information required.7 pts. Check that students use that and the Subjunctive. cannot. chance. 0 . 5 . 8 . Jen. 1 a. A monkey wearing a sandwich board.2 pts. c. I was surprised that he passed it at all. b. can. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING . The doctor recommended that I take the cough mixture after I eat.6 pts. IV and V. 3 . (1). IV. with a few grammar or spelling mistakes. He didn't study for the test. A pizza box. Picture 4. e. d. 6 a. e. b. f. No. 2 . b. Even though she looks oriental she was born and brought up in Toronto.introduction. She insisted that we drink some milk before we set off. (3). b. d. VI. i. In fact. I will help you with the dishes as long as you dry and put them away. II. f. 2 a.2 pts. • Student role plays the introductions with some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. c. WRITING 13 P. c. (4). d.

7 pts. with very few grammar or spelling mistakes. b. • Student writes appropriate information in most of the corresponding paragraphs of the article. SPEAKING 9 Give students a short time to prepare. d. b. 5 . 16 P. 8 . The scientist explained that the Neanderthal had lived thousands of years ago. e. By the time he arrived at the train station the train had left. was / had gone. spoke / had studied. 2 . 2 . c. Assign points according to these criteria. • Student writes only a few pieces of information in the corresponding paragraphs of the article. c. 75 a. Tina told us that the exam had begun 10 minutes late.3 pts. 10 Historical truth is not the objective of the activity. appropriate pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation. with some grammar and spelling mistakes. 0 . • Students writes very little information and no paragraphs can be noticed.4 pts. • The student compares the two paintings and expresses his / her preferences with correct sentences. a. c. There are a lot of spelling and grammar mistakes. Laurie said she had seen Casino Royale on TV. c.10 pts. By the time he arrived at the theatre the play had started. Students should use their previous knowledge of the band or singer. played / had left. moved / had worked.1 pts. The man told me he had sent the packet three days ago.they should use their notes as props only. so correct dates and real names are not essential. and hesitates a lot. but makes some grammar and pronunciation mistakes and hesitates.10 pts.1 pts.LANGUAGE WRITING 7 a. There are several grammar and spelling mistakes. • The student cannot compare the two paintings or express his / her preferences. d. By the time he arrived at his friend's house she had gone out. Assign points according to the following criteria. 81 142 . 0 . 17 P. • The student compares the two paintings and expresses his / her preferences. Allow them to take notes but do not let them read the written sentences . Marian explained that the doctor had asked her to describe her typical day. makes several grammar and pronunciation mistakes. Fred said that he had lived in Dublin before moving to Los Angeles. 5 . By the time he arrived at the football stadium the gamed had finished. • Student writes appropriate information in all the corresponding paragraphs of the article. d. b. The university authorities announced that they had uploaded the exam results on their website. b.7 pts. d. 8 . but makes several grammar and pronunciation mistakes and hesitates. John complained that the phone had rung at 3 o’clock in the morning. were / had lost. • The student compares the two paintings and expresses his / her preferences. MINITEST 8 a.

and hesitates a lot. a. asking them to use their imagination. The policeman said he wanted to see my documents. I told Susan I was happy. First both students complete column A with their own ideas and then they ask each other questions to complete column B. 5 . with appropriate pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation. Low ozone levels d. c. incident. 200. makes several grammar and pronunciation mistakes.FINDING WATER ON THE MOON 1 b.3 pts. Scientists were surprised to find out there was water on the moon. b. (1) The water came from comets or asteroids that crashed into the moon or (2) The solar wind carries hydrogen atoms that bind with oxygen. resonance. c. To see if it could bring up buried ice. d. Possible answers a. d. d. 2 . • The student asks and answers the appropriate questions correctly. 143 . The shop assistant asked if she could help me. d. but makes several grammar and pronunciation mistakes and hesitates.UNIT 5. Various instruments LANGUAGE I P II P P P 3 a. Tell them to pay attention to word order in the sentences and to include any other necessary changes. • The student asks and answers the appropriate questions correctly. e. The astronomer explained that the telescope was working again. Jane asked what programme I had seen on Saturday. c. A British researcher c. The moon. SPEAKING 4 This exercise draws on what students learnt in this unit and links it to their own experience. c. Assign points according to these criteria. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING . WRITING 9 Ask students to read the interview and then rewrite it in no more than 150 words. this way making water. P P 6 a. Acoustic resonance f. b. c. Sandra said it was not a good idea to leave so late. A Spanish geologist b. Scientists argued for months to find out what the problem with the instruments was. LISTENING .7 pts. b.10 pts.1 pts. using the reporting verbs provided in the box. 7 a. 8 . b. 2 (Be flexible to accept other correct answers). Global warming e. size. • The student asks and answers some appropriate questions correctly. • The student cannot ask and answer the appropriate questions correctly. Students work in pairs. The customer asked how much the computer cost.MYSTERIES OF SCIENCE 38 5 a. Lunar senior scientist Paul Spudis called the new find exciting. b. The tourist asked me where the museum was. They also revealed that it was not enough moisture to foster / support life. but makes some grammar and pronunciation mistakes and hesitates. 0 . 8 Check that the students use the correct tenses and appropriate pronouns. He also asked the question where the water came from.

with some spelling mistakes and grammar errors. his name was c. 3 a. I told her / I said she had a lovely name. b.uk. d. e. 5 a. d.10 pts. My son asked my why I was so tired / sad. c. he knew his home address e. using several reporting verbs and incorporating most of the necessary changes. 8 a. • Student reports some of the required information.co. ii. TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE READING – THE BUSINESS OF LETTER WRITING 1 I .b. I added that I was from Benton City too. True.4 pts. c. c. True. LISTENING – PLACING A JOB ADVERTISEMENT 44 4 a. • Student reports most of the required information. with a few spelling mistakes and grammar errors. ii. d. I went to Alexander Fleming school d. I wonder if Sean has been to New Zealand. b. i. Our new friends enquired if we had learnt English at school. 8 . e. My teacher enquired how many students knew the answer. using different reporting verbs and incorporating all the necessary changes.1 pts. she did. d. Telephone number: 44 028 786765.Assign points according to these criteria. 104 Possible answers a. 5 . c. II . iii. My young wife wondered where we would buy our first home. III . LANGUAGE 7 a. c. I shouted that my name was George too. his parents were 144 . 2 a. The music teacher asked if I played / could play the accordion. iv. using very few of the reporting verbs and incorporating very few of the necessary changes. MINITEST UNIT 6. She exclaimed that her boyfriend also went to that school. True. b. with very few spelling mistakes and grammar errors. old he was d. I asked dad how much the TV cost. i. iii. False. he was from 17 P. 99 a. • Student reports all the required information.a. b. I wanted to know when we would go on holiday.7 pts. 15 P. e. I can’t remember if I left my umbrella at home. ii. b. with several spelling mistakes and grammar errors. e. True. b. iii. The football fans asked the commentator if Manchester United was winning the match. c. ii. False. b. his name was George. 0 . using a few reporting verbs and incorporating some of the necessary changes. 2 . 6 Name: Pauline. Position: Human Resources manager. Surname: Brown. ii. that her name was Carla. E-mail address: pbrown@nationalair. • Student reports very little of the required information. f.c. i.

MINITEST 18 P.10 pts. Assign points according to these criteria. The interviewer wanted to find out what my experience with learning disabilities was. • Student writes a letter of complaint that contains most of the required information placed in its correct location and the word limit slightly under/over limit. 128 Check each student´s answers individually or ask them to exchange minitests with a partner and correct each other's answers. • Student writes a letter of complaint that contains very few pieces of information in the corresponding parts. with good pronunciation and no hesitation. d. 2 . Sarah enquired how many languages we could speak / spoke. They role play the interview.SPEAKING 9 Ask students to work in pairs. does not respect the word limit -(the text is too short).1 pts. 5 . • Student writes a letter of complaint that contains all the required information placed in its correct location and respects the word limit.2 pts.7 pts. with a few grammar or spelling mistakes. They both look at the suggestions for an interview and the interviewer prepares the questions while the interviewee prepares the answers. 0 . WRITING • Student writes a letter of complaint that contains some of the required information often placed in its correct location and the word limit slightly under/over limit. • Student uses his / her own ideas and the information provided to complete the job interview. e. with a lot of grammar or spelling mistakes. • Student uses his / her own ideas and the information provided to complete the job interview. • Student uses his / her own ideas and the information provided to complete the job interview. • Student uses his / her own ideas and the information provided to complete the job interview. Kelly wondered why I didn't answer her messages. with good pronunciation and a minimum of hesitation.4 pts. 10 Students read the instructions carefully and then write a letter of complaint with a maximum of 150 words. 3 . with a lot of pronunciation mistakes and a lot of hesitation.10 pts. taking turns to be the interviewer and the interviewee. 122 (Accept variations in the reporting verbs). 8 .7 pts. with no grammar or spelling mistakes. Molly's mother wanted to know where her father was. 16 P.4 pts. 8 . The teacher asked how we had found the information to write the report. a. c. Assign points following these criteria. with some grammar or spelling mistakes. with some pronunciation mistakes and with hesitation. 145 . b. Check each letter individually. 0 . 5 .

Indirect questions.133 30 36 103 . A song. Extract from a novel. Scientific article: The Magic of DNA . A news story. 83 50 77 87 31 42 31 23 15 101 62 .119 .THEMATIC INDEX A biography: Pablo Picasso. An article: Vincent Van Google . A conversation between two girls. A conversation about iPhone art. -ing forms. Intensifiers. Love letters.22 70 . Magazine article: The Rapping Years .109 . A brochure: Planet saving technology.118 . Job interviews. Gerunds.85 .131 . An article about science and technology.130 .127 32 16 63 10 .134 21 . An article: Who is Banksy? An interview with a famous person. A film poster. Reporting verbs.110 108 84 86 35 59 . A web cam lecture: Asking the right questions. A film review: Unusual Vampires.71 97 . An article on numerology .109 .41 . Business letters.121 94 146 . Chilean Connection.61 . A film review.

74 .121 17 . To create a new text.55 .92 .120 105 57 147 .124 34 92 100 74 .35 .35 . The Past Perfect tense. To connect the topic and experience. To consolidate a grammar point in writing. Telephone conversation: placing a job advertisement.79 52 .99 . 106 135 12 72 .98 .56 125 52 .97 . To describe and guess jobs. To consolidate vocabulary.78 .48 34 .75 .122 73 17 .98 . To apply new vocabulary and structures. To consolidate a language structure. To classify words.29 . To consolidate a grammar point.79 . To discriminate between correct and incorrect information.56 104 . The Subjunctive with that.57 .76 . To differentiate between fact and opinion. To consolidate a language item. To ask and answer questions.Teen Science Blog.73 . To deduce the communicative purpose of texts.76 .32 .53 .48 . To connect content and previous knwoledge. To classify information. To differentiate between formal and informal language.100 . To connect pictures and topic.128 12 .69 . To discuss an issue. To connect pictures and content. The modal verb might. Three conversations about jobs.35 .127 32 34 12 .54 .17 .102 .102 .123 116 124 96 116 15 .116 . To discuss a scientific topic.

102 . To identify format of business letters.77 . 55 13 .75 .104 .49 .57 . To identify tone of message.33 .78 .101 .34 9 .14 . To expand vocabulary. To express opinions. To infer meaning of words / expressions. To match information and visuals.54 . To evaluate learning.78 . To find general and supporting information.15 48 . To identify references.53 . To identify cognates.125 .116 .68 .68 To find the meaning of key words and identify their pronunciation.93 -100 7 29 .55 .117 . To infer the meaning of key words. To find meaning of words / to make predictions.37 .69 . To identify textual clues.35 . To identify type of text. To infer information. 148 .69 120 48 . To identify speakers.76 120 117 93 93 35 15 69 .To draw conclusions. To identify textual references. To identify stressed word.69 .122 .11 102 49 14 .93 .99 . To identify explicit and implicit information.126 54 .81 .48 .55 8 . To identify purpose of a text.14 . To identify and classify differences between American and British English.125 54 7 . To express personal attitudes.17 . To find specific information.35 .100 121 34 .128 80 12 7 . To identify synonyms. To expand content expressing opinions.

information) through discussions and oral work.96 .56 . To synthesise information and transfer it to a graphic organiser. To practise a structure. Unit Test 1 Unit Test 2 Unit Test 3 Unit Test 4 Unit Test 5 Unit Test 6 Writing tips.101 122 29 . To write a text.125 77 17 . Two presentations about mysteries of science. To reflect on the contents of the lesson and relate them to personal experiences.122 129 29 .77 . 149 .74 .55 .57 .72 81 49 . To use information to complete a conversation. To relate content to personal experiences.117 .93 .129 12 .48 .37 .98 52 48 .69 .68 .81 .To match information. To validate predictions.35 .100 54 .48 .125 17 .32 . To role play an interview.80 .53 . To predict content from the context.17 17 37 17 . To role play dialogues imitating a spoken model.93 -101 . To participate in a guided oral dialogue.69 . To predict messages using non-verbal content. To transfer relevant information to a visual organiser. 29 .123 .99 . To reinforce a grammar point. To talk about art forms and preferences. To predict content from cognates and familiar words.105 .104 .77 49 .33 111 22 42 62 86 110 134 40 To summarise (ideas.33 .36 .75 .

MORE GRAMMAR GAMES. SPANISH .com/ http://www.com/ http://kids.org....T. WEB SITES http://www. 1st Edition.M. 1st Edition.e.L. et al. AND TECHNIQUES. USA.com/ http://dsc. Adams Media. Great Britain. TIPS. READING REMINDERS: TOOLS.F. S.uk/ 150 .com/games/games-tab-03. 1995.l. USA. et al.bbc.html http://www. FOR YOUR INFORMATION. READING. 1st Edition. M.nationalgeographic. BURKE. ROOT C. 1996. SANDLER. TECHNICAL ENGLISH 1. 2004. et al. J. Cambridge University Press. J. Cambridge University Press.com/Stories/ http://dsc. H. Allyn & Bacon. R.R.ENGLISH STANDARD DICTIONARY. 1st Edition. 2005.BIBLIOGRAPHY MASCULL. 2nd Ed. Prentice Hall Hispanoamericana. K.M. et al. PEREGOY. s. Heinemann Publishers. SEVERAL AUTHORS. 3rd Ed. Mexico. ESSENTIAL GRAMMAR IN USE.uk/programmes/p002vsmz http://kids. 2nd Ed.mineduc. WRITING AND LEARNING IN ESL. England..teachingenglish. 1995. 1997. 1996. s.htm http://www.cl/ http://www.ingles. Addison Wesley Longman. SEVERAL AUTHORS. MURPHY.s..l. 1997..com/index.discovery. RINVOLUCRI. 2003. S.discovery. England. JARA. THE MACMILLAN VISUAL DICTIONARY. 3rd Ed. BLANDHCARD.co.e.. 1001 LETTERS FOR ALL OCCASIONS: THE BEST MODELS FOR EVERY BUSINESS AND PERSONAL NEED. COLLINS COBUILD KEY WORDS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.isabelperez.nationalgeographic. Salesiana. C. Great Britain. 1997. B.mansioningles. AND KEEFE.

Dublin. Illustrations Venus Astudillo Vera. stored in a retrieval system.© 2011 Ediciones Cal y Canto Original text ® Jolanta Polk Reyes Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Ly-Sen Lam Díaz.520 All rights reserved. ISBN: 978-956-8623-97-5 N˚ de Inscripción: 197. photocopying. University of Silesia. Designed by María Jesús Moreno Guldman. Cover designed by María Jesús Moreno Guldman. Recording Producer Rodrigo González Díaz. Production Assistant Lorena Briceño González. Teacher training. Ediciones Cal y Canto Original illustrations Design General Publisher Publisher Assistant Publisher ® Ediciones Cal y Canto ® Jorge Muñoz Rau. Alicia Manonellas Balladares. no part of this publication may be reproduced. electronic. Ireland. recording. Poland. mechanical. or otherwise. transmitted in any form. translation and English Literature. or by any means. Layout by Cristina Sepúlveda Aravena. Gloria Caro Opazo. Proofreading Kevin Towl. Printed in Chile . Photos Banco de Fotos Ediciones Cal y Canto. without the prior written permission of the publisher. General Production Cecilia Muñoz Rau.

9 789568 623975 EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN PROHIBIDA SU COMERCIALIZACIÓN AÑO 2011 .

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