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AN OVERVIEW OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
LOLA S. RICHEY
AN OVERVIEW OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
LOLA S. RICHEY
AN OVERVIEW OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
Lola Richey Copyright by Lola Richey Smashwords Edition Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright ©1946, 1952, 1971.
Quick Church is your first step toward understanding the Christian faith. . heaven and many other topics. In this book. simple and readable language to help you live the life you always wanted. you will learn about God. salvation.PREFACE Whether you are a new Christian or someone interested in the Christian faith. Each chapter is written in plain.
death (Psalms 1:1-2). must keep God’s Scripture in our hearts and minds and teach it to our families (Deuteronomy 6:6-7. The Doctrine of God The Doctrine of God regards His revelation of Himself to man. inspiration. and He reveals Himself through the sun. 2 Timothy 3:16-17). sin. as God’s human creations. live. for correction. God’s Holy Scripture provides His human creations blessings. offers directions. and illumination. for reproach. planets. and it is perfect and pure (Psalm 12:6). inerrancy. love. inner sense of God’s infinite presence (Romans 1:18-20). The Holy Scripture comprises God’s complete and final words of instruction for holy living and the insight written by the power of the Holy Spirit (Hebrews 1:1-2.CHAPTER 1 STATEMENT OF FAITH OVERVIEW The Doctrine of Scripture The Doctrine of Scripture reflects the nature of revelation. as indicated in 2 Timothy 3:16 is “inspired by God and profitable for teaching. Matthew 4:4). and for training in righteousness.” The Holy Scripture is God’s promise. walk. humans. The Holy Scripture tells us that God is true and great and shall be . We. The Holy Scripture. and trust God’s Holy Scripture in our daily lives (Psalms 119:1). We must study. moon. and teaches about life and the importance of fleeing wickedness. All persons everywhere have a deep. God exists. obey. and eventually. meditate. and all other living things. stars.
God is immortal. Jesus Christ. love. as His representatives. etc. omnipotent. we all—both males and females—must cleanse ourselves of every sin. trust. and evil of the body and spirit and live and grow in holiness. and loved (Psalms 145:1-3). and accept. and follow God whole heartedly (Hebrews 8:10). wickedness. glorious. adored. magnified. gracious. slow to anger. just. faithful. veracious. worshiped.praised. The Doctrine of Humanity The Doctrine of Humanity teaches that God created man in His image and likeness to bring Him glory. obey. and fear of God in every aspect of our lives (2 Corinthians 7:1). and Psalms 73:2526). . and God the Spirit—yet God is one God! (Matthew 3:1617). and all that is on it (Nehemiah 9:6). The Doctrine of God teaches us that God exists in three persons—God the Father. we humans must trust. God the Son. who are to have dominion over the fish. wise. and other living things (Genesis 1:26-27). Jesus Christ. Exodus 34:6-7. birds. All God’s creations were created to bring Him glory. we must turn to Him and away from sin. the earth. God created males and females equally. perfect. As God’s human creations. invisible. in order to attain salvation (Psalms 51:1-4). as God’s representatives. holy. and obey His Son. God created and spoke into existence all the heavens with all their hosts. (Psalms 102:25-27. merciful. Thus. Moreover.
and complete sinners. as a King. the third person of the Trinity. we learn that Jesus Christ is both fully God and fully man in one person. Jesus Christ holds three offices or titles simultaneously: as a Prophet. that is. hope. all humans through the first Adam or “original sin” are born twisted. and finally. and be saved from God’s wrath simply by placing our faith. we can have salvation. From this doctrine. He ascended into heaven and is now seated at the right hand of God the Father. Jesus Christ came to earth from God the Father in the flesh and all His glory and He will return. evil. He both offers sacrifices to God for us and is Himself the sacrifice that is offered. be declared righteous. He reveals God to us and speaks God’s words to us. love. and will be so forever and ever (John 1:14). After Jesus Christ’s death. as a Priest. Jesus Christ lived a life of absolute holiness and obedience to God (Romans 3:23-26). through atonement. Jesus Christ is the representative of all God’s elect. however. The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God. The Doctrine of Christ also teaches that Jesus Christ was raised from the dead and is the first fruits of all those who have fallen asleep. and obedience in Jesus Christ. He rules over the church and over the entire universe as well. trust.The Doctrine of Christ (Person and Work) The Doctrine of Jesus Christ teaches us about the person and work of our Lord and Savior. and inspired infallible . the work that Jesus Christ did in His life and death. Unfortunately. and Jesus is our mediator or intercessor with God the Father.
adoption (John 1:12). illuminating. 2 Peter 1:20.9. and assuring (John 16:13). turning toward God and away from sin.21). teaching. it is only available through God’s unearned favor. including guiding. and glorification (1 Corinthians 15:12-58). The Holy Spirit (1) empowers by giving life (John 6:63) and power for service (Acts 1:8). The work of the Holy Spirit is to manifest the active presence of God in the world and especially in the church (Acts 2:2-3). Ephesians 2:8. The Holy Spirit calls people Jesus Christ and effects regeneration. Salvation includes regeneration (John 3:3-8). The Doctrine of Salvation Salvation cultivates a personal relationship with God and is offered freely to all those who accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. the Holy Spirit baptizes every believer into the Body of Christ. By admitting to and sincerely repenting for our sins.17. and (4) unifies. Salvation is affected by the regenerating work of the Holy Spirit and cannot be earned. (3) reveals (2 Peter 1:21). sanctification (Romans 6:11-14). and placing our complete trust in Jesus Christ for salvation. and Romans 3:24). All who believe in and receive .Word of God by holy men of old (2 Timothy 3:16. we can spend eternity with God and experience salvation (John 3:16. justification (Galatians 2:16). Romans 5:1. His presence in the Christian is the guarantee that God will bring the believer into the fullness of the stature of Christ (1 Peter 1:5). directing. The Holy Spirit also (2) purifies (1 Corinthians 6:11). At the moment of regeneration. The Holy Spirit also seals and preserves the believer unto the day of final redemption (John 10:27-39).
” There is no salvation apart from personal faith and belief in Jesus Christ’s work on the Calvary. believers (nurture). and Luke 6:35-36). and “are sealed by the Holy Spirit unto the day of redemption. become children of God. Matthew 16:16. The primary means of grace in the church are teaching . and Hebrews 12:6). plus attempting to function as a church (Ephesians 1:22-23. tongue. John 17:21. and Ephesians 5:26-27). which includes all of the redeemed of all ages. and it exists in. through. The church must be pure and unified (John 10:16. believers from every tribe. The power of the church is its God-given authority to carry on spiritual warfare. Multiple local elders seem to best represent the New Testament pattern of church leadership.Jesus Christ are born again. and exercise church discipline (2 Corinthians 10:3-4. The marks of a true church are right preaching of the Word of God. The primary purposes of the church are ministry to God (worship). The Doctrine of the Church The New Testament church is an autonomous local congregation of Christians. And the Gospel is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes (Romans 1:16). and nation (Revelation 7:9-12. and because of the Lord Jesus Christ. Colossians 1:28. and the world (evangelism and mercy) (Ephesians 4:11-13). Colossians 3:16. Matthew 28:19. The New Testament speaks also of the church as the Body of Christ. are new creations in Christ. have their sins forgiven. right administration of the sacraments. people. proclaim the Good News of Jesus Christ. 21:2-3).
The Lord’s Supper is a symbolic act of obedience to be observed repeatedly by all believers as a sign of continuing fellowship with Jesus Christ (Matthew 26:26-29). the unity of believers. Galatians 3:27. baptism. visible. The Doctrine of the Last Things God. spiritual gifts. in His own time and in His own way. . personal.the Word of God. and personal ministry to individuals. and our faith in Him. bodily return of our Lord Jesus Christ (Matthew 24:44). spiritual nourishment. the blessings of salvation. Colossians 2:12). the Son. fellowship. the Lord’s Supper. church discipline. will bring about the sudden. prayer for one another. According to His promise. and 1 Corinthians 11:23-26). giving to those in need. and it is only appropriately administered to those genuinely profess their faith in Jesus Christ. worship. The Doctrine of the Sacraments The Lord Jesus Christ commanded two ceremonies or ordinances that His church must perform: baptism and the Lord’s Supper (Matthew 28:19. evangelism. Baptism symbolizes dying and rising with Jesus Christ and having your sins washed away (Romans 6:1-11. and our anticipation of His second coming (1 Corinthians 11:23-26). The Lord’s Supper also symbolizes our enjoyment of the benefits of Jesus Christ’s death. and the Holy Spirit (Luke 3:21-22). Baptism is the immersion of a believer in water in the name of the Father. affirmation of Jesus Christ’s love for us.
Revelation 10:1-15). or suffering (Thessalonians 4:15-18. and genuine believers will continue to exist and live in the new creation (2 Peter 3:13). we should eagerly await Jesus Christ’s return. and there is a heaven. Jesus Christ the Son. the time of which is unknown (Matthew 25:13). The physical creation will be renewed. There is a hell. . the genuine believers will live with Jesus Christ in the new heaven and new earth for all eternity (Romans 8:18-19). Therefore. God the Father. where God most fully makes His presence known to bless (1 Peter 3:22). and the Holy Spirit will reign and be worshiped in a never-ending kingdom with no more sin.Jesus Christ will return personally and visibly in glory. sorrow. our resurrected bodies will be part of the new creation (Revelation 19:9). The final result of Jesus Christ’s return will be the final judgment of all unbelievers and the final reward for genuine believers (1 Corinthians 3:12-15). Thus. and then. which is a place of eternal conscious punishment for the wicked and unbelievers (Matthew 25:30-46).
God’s Word takes the form of His direct speech (powerful decrees or personal addresses) (Genesis 1:3. pure. The Holy Scripture is “inspired by God and profitable for teaching. The Holy Bible speaks in the ordinary language of everyday speech so that all who read it seeking God’s help can understand its teachings and be willing to follow them (Deuteronomy 6:6-7). Jesus Christ (John 1:1. Moreover. and for training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16). for correction. disobey. because this is what the Bible claims for itself and because the Holy Spirit convinces us that the Holy Bible is God’s final word (1 Corinthians 2:13-14). 3:16-19. or live contrary to the Bible and the Bible’s instructions is to disbelieve and disobey God Himself (2 Timothy 3:16-17). The Holy Bible describes it as a Person. Psalms 19:7-10). Sometimes. that is. . The Bible is the absolute.CHAPTER 2 DOCTRINE OF SCRIPTURE The Holy Bible and all words in the Holy Bible are God’s words. they are Godbreathed and have God as their author (2 Timothy 3:16-17). for reproach. To disbelieve. the words of the Holy Scripture are the words by which we nourish our spiritual lives (Deuteronomy 32:47). The Holy Scripture is necessary for maintaining a spiritual life and knowledge of God’s perfect will (Matthew 4:4). The Word of God has different meanings. and final word of God that will last forever (1 Peter 1:25. The Holy Scripture is God’s words. Revelation 19:13).
Frequently. and about obeying Him (Deuteronomy 29:29. words. Exodus 31:18. about trusting Him perfectly. The Bible contains everything we need to know from God about salvation. Ultimately.. 1 Kings 20:36. and instructions that God intended His creation to have at each stage of redemptive history. are merely human words. Numbers 22:38). All other writings. there are several instances in the Holy Scripture where God’s words are expressed in written form (see Joshua 24:26. because Jesus Christ brought finality to the revelation of God (Hebrews 1:1-3). we can place our complete confidence in the correctness of the present Holy Bible on the faithfulness of God (Revelation 22:18-19). The 66 books of the Holy Bible—39 written before the birth of Jesus Christ and 27 written after—are together the record. .e.Exodus 20:1-3). Finally. The Holy Bible contains all the books. not God-breathed like Scripture. expression. interpretation. Deuteronomy 18:18-20. God chooses prophets and speaks through them (i. and embodiment of God’s self-disclosure. and Jeremiah 30:2). such as the Apocrypha. There is no need for more words of the Holy Scripture after the New Testament. Deuteronomy 4:2).
teleological. The Holy Scripture describes God’s incommunicable attributes as independent (Acts 17:24-25). unchangeable (Psalm 102:25-27). sin causes humankind to deny our knowledge of the Holy God. There are also traditional “proofs” of God’s existence including cosmological. God possesses all perfect and excellent qualities and lacks no part of any qualities that would be desirable for Him (Matthew 5:48). eternal (Psalm 90:2). God has many communicable attributes as well. But the active communication in humankind of the Holy Spirit brings true knowledge of God (Matthew 11:27). However. God is infinite and we are finite. omnipresent (Psalm 139:7-10). Nevertheless. and united (Exodus 34:6-7). and ontological. Psalm 73:25). we are without excuse before God (Romans 1:18).CHAPTER 3 DOCTRINE OF GOD God exists and He lives! In addition to the Holy Scripture telling us that God is true. all humans have an inner sense of God (Romans 1:19-25). and God revealing Himself through everything we see. and because of this denial. God is glory and the sum of all things that are beautiful (Psalm 24:10. humankind can never fully understand any single thing about God (Psalm 145:1-3). therefore. the Holy Scripture . God possesses all the attributes of His great deity.
loving (1 John 4:8). John 1:1-2. Matthew 28:19). As stated earlier. or essential nature among God the Father. full of grace (Romans 9:15). Jesus Christ. God the Son. omnipotent (Matthew 19:26). hateful of sin (Romans 1:18). The Trinity is partially revealed in the Old Testament (Psalm 45:6-7. faithful (Numbers 23:19). jealous (Isaiah 48:11). merciful (2 Samuel 24:14). Son. and God the Spirit—yet God is one God (Deuteronomy. and Holy Spirit—working together as a team to offer salvation. peaceful (1 Corinthians 14:33). who we must worship and love exclusively. God the Son. patient (Exodus 34:6). free (Psalm 115:3). wise (Roman 16:27). There are three distinct Persons in the Trinity. There is no difference in deity. the self-revealed Creator. . invisible (1 Timothy 1:17). The only difference among the Members lies in the ways that they have and will always relate to each other and in the ways that they relate to creation (1 Corinthians 15:28). and the being of each Person is coequal and coeternal to the whole being of God. the Doctrine of God teaches us that God exists in three persons— God the Father. good (Luke 18:19). Psalm 110:1). The New Testament agrees there is only one God. The Old Testament constantly insists that there is only one God. and willful (Ephesians 1:11).describes God as a spirit (John 4:24). but speaks of three personal agents—the Father. truthful (Jeremiah 10:10-11). omniscient (1 John 3:20). attributes. John 14:26). Isaiah 44:6-45:25. but the more thorough and full revelation of the Trinity is provided in the New Testament (Matthew 3:16-17. righteous (Deuteronomy 32:4). 6:4-5. and God the Holy Spirit. holy (Isaiah 6:3).
God created and spoke into existence all the heavens with all their hosts. Colossians 1:16. (2) cooperates with the created things in every action. and all that is on it (Nehemiah 9:6). God is both transcendent and immanent (Grudem). Creation is distinct from God. and (3) directs them to fulfill His purposes (government). His human creatures are still responsible. God created the entire universe out of absolutely nothing to bring Him glory (Genesis 1:1. God is continually involved with all created things in such a way that He (1) keeps them existing and maintaining the properties with which He created them (preservation). Revelation 4:11). 28). . and their actions make a difference (John 16:24). directing their distinctive properties to cause them to act as they do (concurrence). but always dependent upon Him (Acts 17:25. Within God’s providence. the earth.
the entire human race (Genesis 3:1-19). Furthermore. and (3) difference in role and authority. and all human beings are now counted guilty (Romans 5:12-21). All humanity is now a slave to sin. and a corrupt moral nature from the first father. and other living things (Genesis 1:26-27. Psalms 51:1-5). The creation of man as both male and female shows God’s image in (1) harmonious interpersonal relationships. we all must cleanse ourselves from every sin. and we are to have dominion over the fish. God made man in His own image and likeness to bring Him glory (Isaiah 43:7). The fall diminished God’s image not only in Adam and Eve but in all their descendants. wickedness. In our human nature. birds. Genesis 5:1. God created males and females equally as His representatives. God imputed Adam’s guilt to all humanity. As God’s representatives. and fear of God in every aspect of our lives (2 Corinthians 7:1). humankind has inherited legal guilt. that is. and thus. James 3:9).CHAPTER 4 DOCTRINE OF HUMANITY God is humankind’s Creator and Redeemer. (2) equality in personhood and importance. act as His direct representatives on earth. and we are unable to use our powers to mirror God’s holiness. In other words. total depravity. Adam (Genesis 3:6. we lack spiritual good before God and are completely unable to do spiritually good before Him . and live and grow in holiness. love. and evil of the body and spirit. Humans were created to reflect or reproduce the holy ways of God. 1 Corinthians 11:7.
God will punish sin because His righteousness and holiness demand punishment so that He might be glorified in the universe (Romans 3:26). we must turn to Him and away from sin. obey. As God’s human creations. Therefore. Moreover. we must all trust. Galatians 3:10). . all human beings are sinful and equality guilty before God (Ephesians 2:1. to achieve salvation (Psalms 51:1-4).in our actions (Romans 7:18. trust. and follow God wholeheartedly (Hebrews 8:10). Jesus Christ. Romans 8:8). and obey God’s Son. and accept.
The full humanity of Jesus Christ is seen in that He experienced all human weaknesses and the limitations of having a human body. Lord. in all His glory. As affirmed in the Chalcedonian Definition of A. and He will return (Matthew 1:18. such as omnipotence.CHAPTER 5 DOCTRINE OF JESUS CHRIST The Lord Jesus Christ is fully God and is fully man in one person and will be so forever. Jesus Christ lived a life of absolute holiness. John 1:1. God the Son adopted human nature. yet they are eternally and inseparably united in one person. . and “I Am” (John 1:14. soul. Jesus Christ is the eternal Son of God who took to Himself a truly human nature.D. and emotions. Acts 1:11). 1 Timothy 2:5). and enabled Christ’s humanity to be without inherited sin. mind. The Lord Jesus Christ possessed the attributes of a deity. yet He was without sin. John 20:28. Jesus Christ came to earth from God the Father in the flesh. made possible the unity of full deity and humanity in one person. 451. Jesus Christ’s full humanity enabled Him to represent human beings’ obedience and be a substitute sacrifice for us humans (Romans 5:18-19. yet He was fully God. and Jesus Christ’s divine and human natures remain distinct and retain their own properties. The virgin birth of Jesus Christ shows that salvation comes from God. John 8:57). Luke 2:11. and was blameless and sinless (Hebrews 7:26).
(2) salvation comes from God alone. Galatians 2:16). After the resurrection. omniscience. and (3) only someone who was truly God could be the mediator between God and man and reveal God to us. hope. The atoning work of the Lord Jesus Christ in His life and death earned believers salvation. Jesus Christ was raised from the dead and is the first fruits of all those who have fallen asleep (1 Corinthians 15:20-23).eternity. justification. reconciliation with God. The Lord Jesus Christ perfectly obeyed the righteous requirements of the law of God in our place (Matthew3:15). love. and being worthy of worship. abandonment. sovereignty. where He . evil. Romans 4:25. bore sin. omnipresence. and perfect resurrected bodies (1 Peter 1:3. declared righteous and saved from God’s wrath. 1 Peter 2:24). Jesus Christ ascended into heaven with God the Father. 2 Corinthians 4:24). trust. Romans 5:19. and complete sinners (Romans 5:12-21). and obedience in Jesus Christ (John 3:16. and God’s absolute wrath (Matthew 27:27-56. The Lord Jesus Christ’s resurrection affirms the goodness of God’s original creation of man as a creature with a physical body that was very good. and His deity was because (1) only someone who has infinite could bear the full penalty of the sins of believers. Humankind now has salvation and life. He suffered His whole life and on Calvary physical pain and death. All humans through Adam or “original sin” are born twisted. Jesus Christ’s resurrection also ensures our regeneration. and delivered from the bondage of sin simply by placing our faith.
” continual prayers to God. and He is now seated at the right hand of God the Father (Hebrews 1:3. and King. Philippians 2:9). John 14:2-3). Jesus Christ offered the “Perfect Sacrifice. people who place their faith in Jesus Christ are “sanctified” and are made acceptable to come into God’s presence (Hebrews 9:24. As a Prophet. on humankind’s behalf.” and every knee in the universe shall bow to Him (Revelation 19:16. Thus.received glory and honor (Acts 1:9-11. and praises to God. Jesus Christ perfectly and simultaneously held the Old Testament offices of Prophet. 1 Thessalonians 4:17. . Priest. Jesus Christ is the “King of kings” and “Lord of lords. Jesus Christ is the representative of all God’s elect. Jesus Christ rules over the church and over the entire universe as God’s representative. As the Great High Priest. Philippians 2:10). As the Great King. Hebrews 4:14). Jesus Christ both revealed God to the entire world and spoke God’s words to the people (Deuteronomy 18:15-18). the Father.
21). purifies (1 Corinthians 6:11). the Holy Spirit baptizes us into Jesus Christ. and assuring (John 16:13). At the beginning of a Christian’s life. The Holy Spirit also seals and preserves the believer unto the day of final redemption (John 10:27-39). cleanses us of all unrighteousness. and effectiveness in ministry (1 Corinthians 12:31). . the Holy Spirit fills the Christian during his or her life and produces sanctification. especially to His church (Acts 2:2-3).CHAPTER 6 DOCTRINE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT The work of the Holy Spirit is to manifest the active presence of God in the entire world. imparts to us a new spiritual life. The Holy Spirit does many wonderful activities. The Holy Spirit calls people to Jesus Christ and effects regeneration. the Holy Spirit empowers by giving life (John 6:63) and powers for service (Acts 1:8). increased power. Repeatedly. the third person of the Trinity. including guiding. and gives us a clear break from the power of sin (1 Corinthians 12:13). The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of God. teaching. illuminating. reveals (2 Peter 1:21).17. directing. God’s wonderful Holy power will keep all who are sincerely born anew. 2 Peter 1:20. God’s presence in the Christian is the guarantee that God will bring the believer into the fullness of the stature of Christ (1 Peter 1:5). and unifies. and inspired the infallible Word of God by holy men of old (2 Timothy 3:16.
the Holy Spirit imparts a new spiritual life to us secretly and we experience a new birth (John 3:3-8). creative. intellectual.CHAPTER 7 DOCTRINE OF SALVATION The God of heaven and earth is immensely good and merciful (Psalms 106:1. Other steps in God’s work of applying salvation to our lives include Him divinely speaking through the human proclamation of the Gospel to effectually call and summon people to Himself so that they responded in saving faith (Romans 8:30). there is God’s work of election. and religious realms. God shows His goodness. Next. God uses several steps to apply salvation to our lives. Salvation creates a personal relationship with God and is offered freely to all humans who accept Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. mercy. not because of any foreseen merit in them. justice. All humankind has sinned and deserves eternal punishment from God. and God provides His greatest gift. First. Psalms 103:8). and glory by bestowing upon people common grace and innumerable blessings that are not part of salvation. salvation. but only because of His sovereign goodness and pleasure (Romans 8:28). God elected some people before creation to be saved. Yet there were some others whom God sovereignly decided to pass over and not save their souls from eternal punishment for their sins (Romans 9:17-22). Psalms 107:1. there is . Through regeneration. God gives common grace in the physical. moral. societal.
and placing our complete. a believer has instant justification. . heartfelt sorrow for sin. turning toward God and away from sin. and like Jesus Christ in daily life (Romans 6:11-14). and declares us to be righteous in His sight (Galatians 2:16). Romans 3:24). Romans 5:1. in holiness. and a true commitment to forsake sin and walk with complete obedience to Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 7:9-10). which means that God completely forgives our sins. and only those who persevere with God until the end are truly born anew (John 10:27-39). All who are sincerely born again with a sincere repentance and faith will be kept by God’s power and preserved as Christians until the end of their lives. Galatians. and we are with Jesus Christ. God and the new believers progressively work and grow increasingly free from sin. Ephesians 2:8. This union with Jesus Christ means that we are now in Jesus Christ. turning from sin. Conversion comes through our willingness to respond to the gospel call.conversion. we are like Christ. daily trust in Jesus Christ for salvation and eternal life (John 3:16. Genuine repentance is a sincere. recognizes Jesus Christ’s righteousness as ours. Matthew 6:16. Next. in which we admit and sincerely repent for our sins. God thereby adopts us new believers and makes us members of His family (John 1:12).9. Trusting in Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins and in eternal life with God causes a believer’s saving faith and union with Jesus Christ (John 1:12). Jesus Christ is in us.
it is used by God to complete our sanctification (1 Corinthians 15:54-55). Acts 24:15. Romans 8:30.The final step in the application occurs upon our death. Also on that day. However. rather. and resurrected body like His own. Romans 8:30). glorified. and the believers’ redemption will be complete and the last enemy. love. For Christians. John 5:28-29. The souls of believers immediately go into God’s holy presence (2 Corinthians 5:8). will be destroyed (Romans 8:17. death is not a punishment. and obey Jesus Christ go into a state of eternal punishment immediately upon death (Luke 16:24-26). Both the believers’ and unbelievers’ physical bodies remain on earth until the Lord Jesus Christ’s return on the day of final judgment. trust. 1 Corinthians 15:12-58). there is the separation of a Christian’s body and soul. . death. the souls of believers and unbelievers will be reunited with their physical bodies. Between death and the resurrection. This stage of redemption when believers are resurrected is called glorification (Romans 8:17.15). He will instantly give ALL true believers a perfect. Revelations 20:12. When Jesus Christ returns. and they will stand before God’s throne for final judgment to be pronounced upon people in the body (Matthew 25:31-46. the souls of unbelievers who failed to follow.
The New Testament describes the church as the Body of Jesus Christ. Presbyterian. or congregational (Revelation 2-3. Christians disobey God by refusing to attend church and join other believers. His Israel (Galatians 6:16). genuine worship. which includes all redeemed people of all ages. effective fellowship. Ephesians 1:22-23). right use of church discipline. and it is a New Testament reality. from every tribe. 21:2-3. and because of the Lord Jesus Christ. The New Testament assumes that all believers will share in the life of a local church. tongue. spiritual power in ministry. and love for Jesus Christ. According to the Holy Scripture. the body and bride of Christ (Ephesians 1:22-23. and sharing in its work of evangelism. Revelation 19:7. the . right administration of the sacraments. through. Galatians 6:1). whether it is Episcopalian. The marks of a true and pure church are right preaching of the Word of God.CHAPTER 8 DOCTRINE OF THE CHURCH The church exists in. accepting its nurturing and discipline (Matthew 18:15-20. The church body must be pure and have unity as required by the Head. and therefore. meeting with it for worship (Hebrews 10:25). Moreover. personal holiness of life among members. and nation. and the temple of the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 3:16). effective prayer. 21:2). biblical church government. care for the poor and needy. effective witness. the church is the family and flock of God (John 10:16). the Lord Jesus Christ (Ephesians 5:26-27).
baptism. and grace within the church body through teaching the Word of God. spiritual gifts. evangelism. favor. While God gifts both men and women service in the church. the office of the pastor is limited to Christian men. ministry to believers (nurture). fellowship. 1 Peter 5:14). and personal ministry to individuals. the Lord’s Supper. church discipline. worship. Finally. and ministry to the world (evangelism and mercy) (Ephesians 4:11-13). the church’s officers are pastors and deacons. The power of the church is its God-given authority to carry on spiritual warfare. Hebrews 11:39-40. Believers obtain God’s blessings. prayer for one another. 4:14. and exercise church discipline.church must have ministry to God (worship). 3:1-15. giving to those in need. . as qualified by Scripture (1 Timothy 2:9-14. proclaim the Good News of Jesus Christ.
the unity of believers. affirmation of Jesus Christ’s love for us and the blessings of salvation. Matthew 26:26-30.CHAPTER 9 DOCTRINE OF THE SACRAMENTS The Lord Jesus Christ instituted two ceremonies or ordinances that the church is commanded to observe: baptism and the Lord’s Supper (Matthew 28:19. reap the benefits of Jesus Christ’s death. 1 Corinthians 11:23-26). Galatians 3:27. the Son. Romans 6:1-11) through immersion in water in the name of the Father. The Lord’s Supper is a symbolic act of obedience whereby the members of the church. Furthermore. Galatians 3:27. spiritual nourishment. and it symbolizes dying and rising with Jesus Christ and having your sins washed away (Matthew 28:19. Acts 8:35-39). 1 Corinthians 11:23-26). through partaking of the bread and the fruit of the vine. Baptism is a once-for-all ordinance of initiation. and affirmation of our faith in Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 11:23-26. . Matthew 28:19-20. Mark 1:9-11). all believers must observe the Lord’s Supper regularly as a sign of continuing fellowship with Jesus Christ (Matthew 26:26-29. and the Holy Spirit (Matthew 3:13-17. Mark 14:22-26). Baptism is only appropriately administered to those who make a believable profession of faith in Jesus Christ (Acts 2:41-42.
unbelievers as the final abode upon the Last Judgment (Matthew 25:30-46. visible.CHAPTER 10 DOCTRINE OF THE LAST THINGS God. and the Holy Spirit will reign and be worshiped in a never-ending kingdom with no more sin. bodily return of the Lord Jesus Christ (Matthew 24:44). of weeping and grinding of teeth. There is a hell. all creation eagerly awaits Jesus Christ’s return. will cause the sudden. 2 Peter 3:7. personal. sorrow. God the Father. 1 Thessalonians 5:3). Revelation 10:1-15). The believers will live with Jesus Christ in the new heaven and new earth for all eternity (Romans 8:18-19). which is a place of eternal conscious punishment for the wicked. in His own perfect time and in His own perfect way. Jesus Christ will return personally and visibly in glory to the earth (Matthew 16:27). The Holy Scripture teaches that hell’s purpose is to make us appreciate and be thankful for God’s . Matthew 8:12. Thus. According to His promise. The final result of Jesus Christ’s return will be the final judgment of all unbelievers and the final reward for genuine believers (1 Corinthians 3:12-15). Revelation 20:11-15). 13. The New Testament describes hell as a place of fire and darkness. Hell is total distress and misery. of destruction. or suffering (Thessalonians 4:15-18. and of torment (Jude 7. Jesus Christ the Son. the time of which is unknown (Matthew 25:13).
and the new creation will be a place of great beauty and abundance and great joy in the presence of the God (Revelation 21. . and believers will continue to exist and live in the new creation (Isaiah 65:17. Acts 1:11). Our resurrected bodies will be part of the new creation (Revelation 19:9). Isaiah 66:22. the physical creation will be renewed.grace that saved us from eternal darkness. “the creation itself will be set free from it bondage to decay and obtain the glorious liberty of the children of God” (Romans 8:21). Psalm 2:4). and misery. Furthermore. 3:11. 2 Peter 3:13). It is where the righteous in their resurrected and glorified bodies will receive their reward and will dwell forever with the Lord (Revelation 1:18. 20:1-22:13-15).22). There is also a heaven where God most fully makes His presence known and to which the glorified Jesus Christ returned (1 Peter 3:22. As Paul states. The Holy Scripture describes heaven as God’s home and the location of His throne (Matthew 6:9. fire.
You can approach God about all your concerns and needs through prayer. death. you are made right with God the Father and declared holy and righteous (Romans 3:21-31). and resurrection as payment for your sins and acceptance of Him as Lord over your complete life. Jesus Christ sent the Holy Spirit so that His Spiritual Presence would still be among all humanity who had faith in His life. With that simple prayer. His Son Jesus Christ. God saves us so we can do good works of love for others. Nevertheless. to suffer for our sins. The wages of sin against God are death. Yet the GOOD NEWS is that God has sent His special gift. hope. even with our so-called good and nice deeds (Romans 3:23). By having faith and belief in Jesus Christ’s sacrificial death on the Cross for your sins. No one can earn salvation by work or effort. Salvation is God’s gift to all people. this belief in Jesus Christ is more than an intellectual agreement that Jesus is God.Salvation Call For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son. darkness. you have become a new creature in Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17). After rising from the dead. While our good works and efforts do not save us. and resurrection. Our next step is faith in Jesus Christ. Most importantly. and despair (Romans 6:23). to accept Jesus with all your heart as your Lord and Savior. 17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world. Now. and then you are SAVED! (Romans 10:13). 16 . Jesus Christ ascended into heaven and His physical presence left the earth (Acts 1:1-11). you will now have a personal relationship with God through Jesus Christ. Then three days later on Sunday morning. that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. death. This belief means placing your complete trust. God gave His only Son Jesus Christ to die for the sins of the entire world on the Cross at Calvary on a Friday afternoon more than 2000 years ago. You can receive this gift from God simply by calling on the name of Jesus Christ. The Holy Bible tells us that everyone has fallen short and sinned against God. God raised Jesus Christ from the dead to offer salvation to all people. —John 3:16-17 (NKJV) GOD LOVES YOU AND HE CARES ABOUT ALL YOUR NEEDS. Jesus Christ is God’s only Son. but that the world through Him might be saved. but only through faith in Jesus Christ (Ephesians 2:1-10). ask Him to cleanse you from all your sins. God loved you so much that He became a Man through Jesus Christ. and confidence in Jesus Christ’s life.
Church is a good way to find other believers in Jesus Christ to help you daily in your love walk. CONGRATULATIONS! .Find a good Holy Bible to read daily. The Holy Bible is God’s love letter to you. Then. find a good Bible-believing church to serve and worship God.
.) from the University of Florida College of Law. South Carolina. with an Accounting concentration. Jonathan and Joseph. Richey obtained her law degree from the University of South Carolina School of Law (Juris Doctorate) and Master of Taxation (LL. South Carolina. with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration. Ms. She is married to Rodney W. Ms. Richey is a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) licensed in the State of Maryland and has studied at Erskine Theological Seminary in Due West. Richey and has two sons. She is a Gulf War Veteran and served in the United States Naval Reserves (Supply Corp and Hospital Corpsman).About the Author Lola Richey is a native and lifelong resident of South Carolina and a believer in Jesus Christ. She is a graduate of Winthrop University in Rock Hill.M.
Revised 1963.I. 1971. Systematic Theology.BIBLIOGRAPHY Grudem. 1952. Concise Theology: A Guide to Historic Christian Beliefs. J. The Baptist Faith and Message Southern Baptist Convention (1925. Packer. W. . Wheaton. copyright ©1946. 1994. Illinois: Tyndale House. Grand Rapids. 2000). Revised Standard Version of the Bible. Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House. 1993.
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