# Maria Cristina S.

Pascual II- Camia Experiment 6 1) Write the chemical equations representing the chemical reactions involved in this experiment. NaOH + HCl H2O + NaCl 2) Briefly explain why: a) each burette must be rinsed with the solution to be used So that the concentration of the solutions won t be ruined, because there might be some wastes of other chemicals that were used in the previous experiments. b) any air space at the alkali burette nozzle must be removed before titration So that the measurements of the chemicals that will be put there will be more accurate. 3) Calculate the theoretical number of moles HCl equivalent to 1 mole of: a) NaHCO3 NaHCO3 + HCl => NaCl + H2O + CO2 Balanced: NaHCO3 + HCl = NaCl + H2O + CO2 1 mol NaHCO3 reacts with 1 mol HCl Ans: 1 mol b) CaCO3 CaCO3 + 2HCl => CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O Balanced: CaCO3 + 2HCl = CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O 1 mol CaCO3 reacts with 2 moles HCl Ans: 2 moles c) Al2O3 HCl + Al2O3= H2O + AlCl3 Balanced: 6HCl + Al2O3 ==> 3H2O + 2AlCl3 Answer: 6 moles 4) How many milligrams of NaHCO3 is in a 500-mg tablet, if 40.00 ml of 0.12 M HCl is required for neutralization of this sample?
0.04 L (0.12 mole/L) = 0.0048 moles of HCl. This will neutralize 0.0048 moles of NaHCO3. The molar mass of NaHCO3 is 84. So 84gm/mol x 0.0048 moles = 0.1 grms. So there will be approximately 403.2 mg of NaHCO3 in the 500 mg tablet.

5) What is that effect of each of the following conditions on the calculated molarity of NaOH standardized against standard HCl when: a) the flask used for titration was wet with water o calculated molarity will have identical results if and only if the 2 burettes were rinsed with their respective soluition.

150 MH2SO4 for reaction? 9) An antacid preparation of Na2CO3 claims that one 3.00 ml sample of NaOH was titrated to the stoichiometric point within 17.0 ml of 0.40 ml HCl x 1 L (.250 M KOH will react with 15.0 ml a 0. calculate the moles of the antacid preparation. o 10) A 0. o 7) How many milliliters of 0.b) the flask used for titration was rinsed with NaOH? o There is no effect in the calculated molarity even though three trials were already made.0 ml of which requires 28.9 ml of 0.750 liter acid.2 ml of 0. Assuming average stomach contains 0.5000 g Na2CO3 tablet was analyzed for its % purity. o . a) What is the molar concentration of the NaOH solution? o Moles of a HCl = 17. 35.00 g tablet contains enough antacid neutralize a full stomach acid (0.250 M solution of NaOH diluted to exactly 100 ml? o b) 25. c) the burette reading for NaOH was taken without proper drainage? o Inaccuracy will occur in our calculated molarity.100 M HCl).0 g of NaOH dissolved in 0.750 L of a solution? o c) a solution of NaOH .40 ml of 0.234 M HCl) b) Calculate the mass of NaOH in solution. 6) A 15.234 M HCl.500 M HCl. Calculate the % purity of the Na2CO3 tablet. The tablet was dissolved in 50 ml distilled water and was then titrated with 15.350 MH2SO? o 8) What is the molarity of: a) 25.