nHHni

ftp

p\

qJ

.

.

.

THE BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED .

.

S^^k. ALLISON PEERS LONDON SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE NEW YORK AND TORONTO : THE MACMILLAN COMPANY 1923 . p THE BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED of TRANSLATED FROM THE CATALAN ram6n LULL WITH AN INTRODUCTORY ESSAY BY E.

BV 50K> .

and even more so to have translated the whole of Blanquerna. and perhaps in part by the fact that Lull wrote. El Desconort. and. or seem in other ways to be of real value. I have not allowed myself. of which it forms a part. that of Catalonia. would have been attractive to reproduce the original version of the book together with this translation.PREFACE have passed since this was written. Accordingly. while following. through a desire to expound Lull's ideas. But it seemed best begin by making known some of Lull's best work short as to to wide a circle of readers as possible. MORE Majorcan little than six centuries classic by our comparative ignorance of the treasures of Spanish Mysticism. but in a little- known though It beautiful idiom. it has never once been translated into Such an omission can only be explained English. to substitute Very few paraphrase for faithful and exact translation. which illuminate the author's thought. I hope that both these projects may be realised in the future. and vii . so far as I can find. liberties have been taken with the text. and some of the hymns and poems. not in Castilian. the oldest text (which is of the fourteenth century) I have not scrupled to add to my translation a few passages found only in the editions of Paris (1505) and Valencia (1521). as a rule. together with the translations of (at least) Els Cent Noms de Deu. On the other hand.

with the impediment of a foreign language removed. i% . therefore. forceful words.viii PREFACE these only where a slight expansion or change of construction has served to bring out the meaning of an otherwise quite obscure word or phrase. University. E. ALLISON PEERS The Jan. I9 2 3. Essen- the reader has Lull's own vivid and tially. Liverpool.

* average man is grossly. knows no average man has seldom understood the its He conceives the Mystic Life.' and that one whose aim is to reach the state of Union with God must necessarily be as a fool in his relations with the world. confuted. Here the tranquillity. But not content with the mystic's life. he asserts that mysticism is essentially unpractical. whose He gives us. he presently bemisinterpreting comes more daring . disproved by example after example to the contrary. pecially his BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE I B . the Apostle of Africa. vision of the splendours of that Golden Age of Mysticism which dawned for Spain three hundred His mystic writings and esyears after his birth. Now. as a life of He has no and for that.INTRODUCTORY ESSAY THE Mystic. His error has again and again been exposed. it seems to thrive in the average mind. Francis of Assisi. is. if not of indolence and ease. not long after the days of St.' Lull lived far back in the thirteenth century. inexcusably mistaken. is suffice to destroy the the story of one man's career could mistaken idea that the mystic ' an unpractical dreamer. with ceaseless spiritual activity. as it were. Yet. a predisciple he was. that man would surely be the Majorcan Ramon Lull. for if all that. conception of what it really he should not be blamed. perhaps. and its restlessness which stay till it reaches its goal.

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
b e l o v ed
spirituality,

are full

compounded with
fire,'

of the purest and noblest the quintessence of

love.

'

If ye will have

he

'

cries,

O ye that love,
His famous

come

light your lanterns at my heart.' * phrase, He who loves not lives not,'

sums up
:

his

inspiration.

His

life

is

Yet Lull was no cloistered visionary. full of romance and adventure so

crowded with incident is it that many pages will not suffice even to summarise its principal happenings. His capacities showed the rare combination of he was both these, and scholar and man of affairs he was also the man of God. To the service of his Master, for Whom alone he lived, and for Whom he died, Lull was able to bring the full and complete tribute of an efficient and active body, a superb mind, and an ardent, unconquerable spirit.
:

Ram6n Lull was born

in Palma, the capital of Majorca, on January 25, 1235. His father had taken part in the conquest of Majorca from the Saracens

some

six years earlier, and for his services had received the gift of an estate, which his son inherited.

The boy was brought up

page in the royal court of Majorca, and, in spite of a sound religious education and the interest and favour of the King, he had
as a

2

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND TH E BELOVED
hardly reached years of discretion lead a careless and dissolute life.
tell

when he began

to

His biographers
.

how the King, to slop his degrading pracmarried him to a certain D a Blanca Picany, tices, but without thereby reforming him in the least.
of
Lull was chiefly enamoured of a Genoese lady, so passionately that he dared one day to ride on horseback into the Church of St. Eulalia, where she was

engaged in devotion. Eventually she herself arrested his intrigues. Receiving from him some gallant verses on the theme of her bosom, she called

him

into her presence, and, uncovering herself before him, disclosed a malignant cancer by which her breast was slowly being consumed.

This terrible shock marked the
Lull's

first

stage in

conversion.

another

man

back to the palace as taciturn and sombre as he had
jovial.

He went

formerly been gay and
well be true that he
Crucified, saying, in some lines of
<

The

tradition
'

may

saw

at this

time a vision of the

he himself autobiography tells us of five such visions, though when they occurred is not certain. Be this as it may, he turned from his evil life and
:

Ramon,

follow

Me

fixed his affections

on God

:

When I was grown and knew the world and its vanities, began to do evil and entered on sin. Forgetting the true God I went after carnal things. But it pleased Jesus Christ in His great pity to present Himself to me five
I

3

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
times as if crucified, that I might remember Him and set love on Him, doing what I could that He might be known through all the world and the truth be taught concerning the great Trinity and the Incarnation. And thus I was inspired and moved by so great love, that I loved no other thing but that He should be honoured,

my

and

I

began to do

Him

1 willing service.

From

the

first,

as these lines significantly bear ideals

evidence, Lull's
specific objects.

new

were directed towards

of the

largely aside emotional

He was set upon the conversion Jews and Mohammedans who figured so And setting in thirteenth-century Spain.
methods
as resolutely as the idea

so general then of conversion by force, he began to ponder what he conceived to be worthy means of
a progressive and unanswerable appeal to the reason. A sermon heard on the Feast of St. Francis (October 4, 1266) supplied the spark which kindled Lull's plans into action. He

compassing his aim

sold all his land, with the exception of a portion retained for himself and his family, gave up his
position of seneschal in the royal palace, and retired to a Cistercian monastery and later to Mount

first

life of study and meditation with the object of fitting himself to become a missionary to the Moslems.

Randa, near Palma, living there a

The

record of Lull's
prayer, fast
1

life

in

Mount Randa
ecstasy and
ii.

is

one

not only of

and
4

vigil,

vision,

El Desconorty

Once it was sufficiently developed he turned in his practical way to means by which its study could be advanced. and a School of Oriental Languages founded. endowed a college in Miramar for the training in sciences and languages of thirteen Franciscan missionaries Thus one For to the Saracens (1275). Ethiopia and Morocco. A In Palestine. a professor of theology. at Perpignan. Egypt. He University of Paris. To King James II of Majorca were explained the vert the world. But before long we find him lecturing on the Art in Montpellier. when satisfied of their orthodoxy. and. the King submitted them to one Bertram de Berengario. learning teaching. 5 .BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED but of the study of Arabic and the elaboration of his scheme of a book which was to illuminate and conbelieved this Art General to be by the Holy Spirit. Success continues to attend him. directly inspired He scholar's vast plans for the conversion of Islam . Then he is at Rome. where his enterprise is sanctioned by the Pope. spends two years lecturing in the all the time as well as King to college is founded in Navarre through Lull goes farther afield Philip of France. part of Lull's ideals was realised. but not in a measure that can satisfy his ardent soul. a short time he remained at Miramar. teaching Arabic and the Art General. which was part of the Majorcan kingdom. 1282 we read of his being back in France again.

and to go himself to Africa as an Apostle of the Faith. embraced Christianity . and very After landed in Tunis about 1291. again we find him in Genoa. next in Paris (1297-8). on pain of being stoned to death should he ever return. leaving Tunis amid his insults and blows. and before long Lull found himself in Condemned to death for his preaching. 1296). back in Majorca. attemptsanction for new missionary projects . then on a new campaign in Cyprus 1 The put down date of Blanquerna. Rome ing unsuccessfully obtain (c. He was only too successful. following his own logical public method. Here he remained writing and teaching then he went to to for a time . and banished from Africa. and hence of our classic. he was reprieved by the intercession of a Saracen of influence. but a year life showed him its futility.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED Ever burning for more triumphs. but the monarch began to fear for his throne. is some delay (the chronology of this period uncertain 1 ) he set sail from Genoa. once more in Genoa (1300). he resolves at last to put the lukewarmness of Europe to shame. at 1283. Professing only a desire to learn the truth to convert or be converted might prove he began to debate in with the Moslems. and he returned to Naples. prison. For a time he evaded of this enemies and remained in the country. is 6 . attracted by his reasoning. Many of as events the infidels.

Foolish Lover. But this story has no sure foundation. back via Rhodes and Malta. At the outset he was successful. Barcelona. ' to him in his little classic. founding a school at Bona. 1 where he Lull is said to have been enticed to England (in the of 1305) by King Edward I.' men than honour and love In 1306 Lull determined to make an attempt to preach once more in Africa. Everywhere and always evangelisation filled his thoughts. while to die a martyr's death when his work should be done was his great ambition.' says an imaginary opponent ' why dost thou weary the body. who believed him to have the secret of the Philosopher's Stone. much occupied in other affairs. gave him no support. summer 7 . and go about as an outcast of the people ? To reply is the simplest imaginable.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED and Armenia (1300-2). where he made slays. No difficulty or objection. as the records of these years show. 1 Here he saw both the King and Pope Clement V. for He is hated and And his ' dishonoured by more Him. With the former he planned a crusade for the Holy Land. Palma. throw away thy wealth and leave the joys of ' this world. to Genoa and Paris (1303). Lyon and Montpellier (1305). could curb his zeal . but the latter. honour my Beloved's Name. the thought of imprisonment or torture made no difference to his plans.

wrote. all but stoned by the crowds. and hence provided a new field for missionary effort. Lull Paris. however (or. But it apologist would seem that these experiences had been ting his modifying his belief in intellectual conversion. where he landed and remained In Pisa he wrote a book incorporafor two years. and won for himself fresh glory. So this dauntless fighter went once more to ever. he was even allowed the privilege of a disputation with a Mohammedan champion. which at that time was in the grip of Averroism. But on proceeding to dungeon with a view to later execution. and bein the market-place. howfor a new crusade. Some- thing in Lull's personality. for he approached Pope Clement V again with proposals Enthusiasm for crusades. lectured. saved him once more . as some inhabisay. summarily tried. the pleas of certain Catalan and Genoese tants) .BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED first to Bugia. was a thing of the past. infidel and taught unceasingly against the philosophy. and eventually was exiled again in the same year of his leaving Italy. Seventy-three years old as he was. 8 . he was preach ginning promptly arrested. memorable dispute with the Saracen and other experiences in Africa. and neither the Pope nor Italy as a whole gave the scheme any support. and imprisoned in a loathsome went. The ship in which he was returning suffered shipwreck off Pisa.

Perhaps it was this. which inspired him cross once more to Africa. indeed. were but a few of Lull's representations. These. his him the name of dodeur royal admirer. The Council of Vienne (131 1-2) gave Lull another of those opportunities which he was never illumine.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED accomplishing in Europe what only physical force withheld from him in Africa. King Philip. sionary The at the feet picture of the venerable misof the Head of the Church. pouring forth his impassioned pleas for those enterprises which authority so hesitated to allow. gave by which. painted the glory of the Holy Places. slow to take. however. to brave its terrors and to suffer his conversion martyrdom for the Faith at last as from he had wished if it might be the will 9 . is indeed a moving one. than any yet sanctioned for a system of colleges for This earnest the teaching of missionary languages. in one or another of its transhe is still known to-day. lations. the plight of the Chrisrecovering tians in Armenia. his of the continuance of his work must have encouraged beyond measure one who. in the natural course of life. and the peril which the Greeks He were in from the Turks themes not exhausted even after seven hundred years. to was nearing the end of his activities. The number of requests which were granted was but among them was a wider scheme relatively small.

but some versions have it that a great pyramid of light aided them in their search for it. make conversions and confirm the faithful of earlier days. 1314. Success that the hour of supreme bold. On August 14. He passed to Tunis. even as a city Jewish martyrs. 1315). assembled a come. and not only clamoured for Lull's death. vessel. that life remained in the body until it and that adverse winds forced the reached Palma. Feeling perhaps even if it meant the supreme sacrifice had effort he threw prudence to the winds. which was making for Genoa. but took him out of the and Stoned him (June 30. vast concourse. proclaiming himself that same Ramon who had formerly been condemned in Bugia. and buried with 10 . the greatest sorrow and mourning. he preached once more the faith of the Saviour. And the will of God it proved to be. he set out from Palma for Bugia. mob had Stoned the first of Christian Various accounts are given of his burial. On his arrival he began his work less openly than before.BOOK OF THE LO VER AND THE BELOVED of God. It seems that two Genoese merchants begged his body and carried it to Majorca. but for where he had some unknown reason was made him compelled to return to Bugia. further success. and. to land at Here the body was received with Lull's birthplace. This time the crowd broke loose. and for some months contrived to preach secretly.

The Libre de Amich e Amat. for all its brevity. nor of the thousands of other works. calls The him title-page of his great romance. Doctor illuminate. which is here translated. ethics. physics. medicine.' own country Lull receives the simpler of a saint. such as metaphysics.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED due solemnity in the Francis of Assisi. and chemistry. sacristy of the convent of St. will have emphasised more forcibly than much argument the practical and the scholarly sides of Lull's temperament. no longer extant if indeed they ever existed. II . homage But in his II The foregoing sketch. at once scholastic and popular in character. mathematics. Master universal in all arts and sciences. to We shall say hundred and eighty-six treatises nothing here of the four x which he is known have written. Blanquerna. and this essay is concerned with the mystical side of 1 Less than half of these works are theological. Ramon 1 Lull was beatified by Pius IX. logic. is purely a_ mystical work. Nor is there need to describe his system and doctrine. The remainder deal with the most diverse subjects. Martyr unconquered of Jesus Christ. with which he is credited.

opening the windows of his cell. interprets a passage from Blanquerna It may well be so.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED Lull's mind. poems. that his soul might be fixed upon God alone. to help him say them. After long contemplation and much weeping. The Book of the Lover and the Beloved takes us from the African preachings and the disputations of the Sorbonne to those long night-watches and days of retreat which must always have accompanied them. and praying with all possible devotion. . have come to the young convert in the solitude of his monastery and the retreat of Mount Randa. but which we are apt to forget in contemplating that form of activity which the world counts greatest Or the thoughts which the Book gives us may first . they both wept for the greatness of the devotion which thenargument inspired in them. would fall to contemplating the heavens and the stars. his custom was to enter the church and ring for mattins. At daybreak he celebrated Mass with devotion. and spoke of God with his deacon. he would betake plains beneath. himself again to meditation and prayer. so wonderfully illumined by the flame which burnt through his long life of self-sacrifice. Lull's who some sixty years ago first published as autobiographical. . Rossello. And as they talked together of God and His works. Being then in his hermitage he would rise at midnight. and the reading . while Blanquerna left the church to recreate his mind which was wearied by the work he had done. and when his deacon appeared. and. Then the deacon went into the garden and busied himself with the cultivation of the trees in it. and to let them rest on the Feeling rested at last. 12 . to lift his eyes to the hills. that on God he might set his love.

aruTsuch was the fervour of his contemplation that even upon his bed he found himself in mystic converse with the All-Powerful. the short of Ram6n (Lo Cant de RamSn). ' ' Sin of Adam (Lo Peccat de n'Adam). and there remained long in devout meditation. . In this state he remained until he~retired to rest. a Such weeks. Sext and Nones. in some sacred retreat. his eyes fixed on the heavens and the stars. or walked in the places he loved most. and above Song ' all the Medicine for Sin ' (Medicina de Peccat) and ' of the King of Majorca ' 13 . he went up to the terrace. written at the request . After this he dined and went into the garden. and so he would be occupied until the hours of Terce. afterwards giving himself up for a while to sleep in order to gather strength for the labours of the night. or at the least days. . discoursing with himself on the greatness of God and man's inconstancies. God and from Nature strength and To these seasons of his mystical may be supposed. and then re. visited the spring. thinking on what pleased him most and was fittest preparation for his hours of prayer. and draw from it inspiration for his endless tasks. background as this we must almost of assume in a life at once so active and so necessity No doubt Lull was able often to spend spiritual. : hymns entitled Hours of Our Lady Mary * the ' ' (Horas de Nostra Dona Sancla Maria). .BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED of Holy Scripture or the great book of Contemplation. for example . refreshing. After sunset. writings. we owe verses Of Lull's the many ' are narrative or doctrinal St. . On awaking he said vespers with the deacon. mained alone. .

if parallels to it must be found. Lull's chief contribution to mystical literature. the strength or the beauty of the collection of prose poems here translated. Blanquerna. They live together in and happiness. Mystical of Christ too. and in places extravagant. and suggests. the mystical treatise Of Names of God (Els Cent the (De los Nombres de Crislo) almost exactly three hundred years later by written the Salamancan friar. religious roa religious Utopia. though not by virtue of the sections entitled the Art of Contemplation and our Book of the Lover and the Beloved. a collection which forms part of the novel-like Blanquerna. on the other than doctrinal.' though is that of disillusion at the refusal of those spirit in high places to help forward his schemes of But neither of these has either evangelisation. is a somewhat fantastic. The mance story is of a certain gallant and wealthy youth named Evast. its well as autobiographical. mainly. The collection of a hundred songs on the ' ' Noms de Deu). it is. until Aloma in . as a whole. but have no 14 great piety children. Luis de Le6n. hand. as Names ' poem El Desconort.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED the purely didactic verse Application of the Art General. is the dialogue ' made in his old age. His chief contribution entirely. called who marries a beautiful and virtuous girl Aloma. or a Catholic Pilgrim''s Progress. is more mystical ' in matter as well as in title.

howdevote sees that he ever. to persuade Cana to become and with some after and Aloma on to Cana. is born to them. Blanquerna. they find that he has resolved to become a hermit. passes who eventually becomes abbess of her convent . Aloma Blanquerna is grieved. disapproves. Aloma. entitled The Book entered. and a boy. of Ave Maria. which occupies prolixity the lives of Evast left Blanquerna has them it the rest of the romance. querna's reply while he himself retires to the desert to carry out his The story then describes circumstantially resolve.' purporting to be an account of the 15 . The child is brought up with great care. and to give Blanquerna the But.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED her sorrow prays to God. he resolves to himself to the religious life. . after some long digressions upon convent life. saying that they can both serve God best in the slate to which He has called them . and endeavours to marry Blana to a beautiful girl called Cana. to the later history of Blanquerna. and when his father a youth of discretion. and in the fear of is God . they decide in the end to lead lives of greater austerity in their home. The second book hero's life before he is of Blanquerna deals with the ordained priest and rises to ' the rank of abbot in the monastery which he has A digression follows. is nun. on proposing this oversight of the household. to the boy. and finally.

than Lull himself. c to do reverence and honour to Jesus Christ. Blanquerna's supreme all infidels aim as pope is to strive ' that and schis- matics may be brought into the union of the Holy Catholic Faith. I would be as a fool. of jester. and the fourth as pope. book presents him as a bishop. and by reason of my exceeding love I would know no measure in my speech. the pope now grown old in the service of the Church and the conversion of the heathen. The story ends with the decision of Blanquerna. the author can write much which he might not one To Ramon the ' all otherwise have dared to put into words.' Thus disguised. The various religious ideals presented by Lull in succession lead up to the great ideal of his life the : evangelisation of the world. to 16 . And above he can deliver himself of the shame he feels will grant so little last because the Head of the Church aid to those recorded who aim at following Christ's command to convert all nations.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED devotions to The third Our Lady which the hero established.' course. he says.' His cardinals are quaintly named Deo. Pope comes at length a Fool. none other. and after the clauses of the Gloria in Excelsis every clause activity expounded which the Church should show the court of the is so as to illustrate the in converting the heathen.

is by far the simpler and more of the two. less for its didactic passages than for its close relation with the whole romance. their eyes to I abundance of tears. and devote his last days to contemplation and prayer. its mystical aspect. and it is inter- woven with this description that we come upon the Book of the Lover and the Beloved and the Art of Contemplation.' How well it attains its object. judge. still read. first probably for the time.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED renounce his high office. ' It / was written. the author himself declares. nevertheless. The former It is. and their wills and \ understandings to loftier nights in the contemplation V of God. His new life is described in detail. Ill We have no wish to add to these few notes a lengthy commentary upon the substance of a book which. and how truly it j reflects the mystic's being. which are of great beauty. and in particular its The Book of the prayers. is accessible to those who 17 c . retire to a hermitage. the Art of Contemplation being appealing considerably longer and full of doctrinal teaching. the reader must . that the hearts of men might be moved to true contrition. Lover and the Beloved is mystical throughout.

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
read only English. Scholars have debated over Lull's probable debt to sufism, on the one hand, and, on the other, his influence upon the long line

of mystics who have followed him. There is still to be said upon these and other topics,
that will

much much

light on Spain and Spanish But in this essay enough has mysticism been said of Lull's life and works to form the indispensable prelude to his Book. For the present, therefore, we prefer to stand back, and allow Lull's ardent spirit to work its miracles still. Work them

throw fresh
both.

catalansurely must. Writing in his native that he might appeal, not to learned provenzal,' men, but to the people, by the people he is read still.
it

'

He

needs none of the

written in his

century.

Expositions,' such as were and as late as the seventeenth age Here and there a passage confuses the

'

own

modern mind by

its

mediaeval subtleties

;

or the

frequent references to the will, understanding, memory (so common in most of the thystics)

and

may

puzzle the simple reader until he has learned to But the vast majority of the three interpret them.

hundred and sixty-six verses,' put together to be read one on each day of the year, may still so be read.

'

They speak
thirteenth.
their

to

the twentieth century as clearly,

picturesquely, and forcibly as they spoke to the

Have we perhaps even more need of
?

message

18

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
They speak of
cessors St. Teresa

elementals.

Like his great suc-

John of the Cross, Lull knows no Master but his Beloved, Jesus Christ ; he surpasses them perhaps in this, that he is never unmindful of the world his Beloved came to save. His is no cloistered love. He could never say, with
St.

and

John of the Cross, Live in the world as though there were in it but God and thy soul.' Ringing
St.

'

for ever in his ears
'

is

the Beloved's last

command.
'

Never was Love's regal dalmatic worn with more grace and fitness than by this 'jester,' this fool of love.' It is no compliment to Lull to call
'

a

him, as the great scholar Menendez Pelayo does, ' Spanish Jacopone da Todi.' Jacopone, it is true,
:

sang of love with unsurpassable fervour

Amor, amore, tanto tu me fai, Amore, amor, che nol posso patire ; Amor, amore, tanto me te dai, Amor, amore, ben credo morire ; Amore, amore, tanto preso m'hai, Amor, amore, famme 'n te transire ; Amor, dolce languire, Amor mio desioso, Amor mio delettoso,

Annegame en amore.

But Lull, who,
fervour, under

like

Jacopone,

owed most of

his

God, to St. Francis, has a note of his own, no less deep, no less pure. His key is perhaps in that eloquent definition, which has been slightly
19

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
expanded
phrase
in translation that the full force of every
felt
:

may be

' What meanest thou by love ? said the Beloved. And ' It is to bear on one's heart the the Lover answered sweet words of the Beloved. It is sacred marks and the It is boldto long for Him with desire and with tears. It is the desire for the It is fear. It is fervour. ness. Beloved above all things. It is that which causes the Lover to grow faint when he hears the Beloved's praises.
'
:

II It is

that in

which

I die daily,

and

in

which

is all

my

will.'

Lull might well have written, as did a late Franciscan, John of the Angels, of the Triumphs of the Love of
'

God.'

Mystic Way in search of his Beloved.' Much of his Book, thereBut it has none fore, deals with the Mystic Life.
to tread the

Love impels him

'

of the exclusiveness of the Living Flame of Love and
the Spiritual Canticle. There are passages for_the beginner as well as for the proficient, paables in

three lines for the plain
reflections which,

man, sermons

in phrases,

by

their very simplicity, kindle the

devotion of the wayfaring man as he reads them. As we read the brief records of imaginary conversations

between the Lover and

'

those

who asked him

concerning his Beloved,' we can imagine ourselves in some African coast-town where the stranger who
has just landed is being pressed, by the surging crowd which surrounds him, to give reasons for his

20

not of subtleties. looked out upon the heavens and the stars.' runs the preface.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED faith. and sent it out to a world which he longed to save. we know when he jj but of silence. Nurtured by experience. masterpiece in little. And we that are following in the path of Lull composed his treatise. For it was the fruit. and meditate upon God and His virtues. he wrote : the outcome of more concretely his ' contemplation. 21 . this and we may believe that it will be so again. signed it with his Beloved's Sign. ' ' He would engage in prayer.' So. watered by faith.' And again. will paradoxical phrase which only reflection illumine and meditation make real. and cast away from him all thoughts of the world. it is rooted and grounded it in love. For is as eternal and universal in its appeal as the Ideal Life which it extols. between meditation and prayer. Then we come upon some quaintly-worded. The calm and confident answers supply the secret of Lull's power. It has been potent in the past. after which he would write down At midnight he arose.

.

2 Many Lovers came together to love One only. who made them all to abound in love.THE BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED i The Lover asked his Beloved if there remained in anything still to be loved. 3 their Beloved. my ' Wert thou And the Beloved answered : heart with 23 .' the sun with splendour. ' : How long shall it 4 The Lover wept and said be till the darkness of the world is past. sighs and tears. that flows downnature and mount upwards ? change the innocent be more in number than When shall the Lover with joy Ah in its ! down his life for the Beloved ? And when shall the Beloved see the Lover grow faint for love of Him?' 5 Said the Lover to the Beloved fill ' : Thou that fillest love. cares. They are peopled by They are lit up by love. making And / to suffer pain which brought delight. and his him thoughts of Him were very pleasant. And the Beloved love that by which his replied that he had still to own love could be increased. each declared his Beloved perfection. Him Long and perilous are the paths by which the Lover seeks his Beloved. shall When lay shall the guilty ? which water. that the mad rush of men towards hell may cease ? When comes the hour wards.

' 6 The Beloved made trial/bf His Lover to see if his love for were perfect. arid remembrance differ from ignorance and ledge Him oblivion.' also my Knowest thou If The Lover replied what love meaneth ? yet I knew not the meaning of love. O Lover. love. that thou wouldst love Me thus ? 7 The Beloved asked the ' : ' ' Yea. answered the Lover.' 9 Said the Beloved to the Lover ' ' : * : io They asked the Lover ' : Why answerest thou not thy Beloved when He 24 calleth thee?' He re- .' Hast thou Lover remembrance of anything with which I have rewarded thee.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED not filled tears. wilt thou ' if I ' double ' thy trials.' that Thou sendest me and ' the 8 ' Say. with love. trials ' for I distinguish not between the joys. I should know the meaning of labour.' replied the Lover. and He asked him how the presence of the Beloved differed from The Lover answered: 'As knowHis absence.' asked the Beloved. thine eyes had not shed those nor hadst thou come to this place to see thy Beloved.' be patient ? so that Thou double still Yea. grief and sorrow.

for He is hated and dishonoured by more men 12 than honour and love Him. and how he was like to die. who was reading in a book wherein were written all the griefs which love made him to suffer for his Beloved. why ' replied. thou bird that singest. throw away thy of this world. by grief and by labours. Fool of Love. and ii I ' speak to Foolish Him begging His graces. which can be the better the Beloved in the Lover.' The Lover sought for one who should tell his how great trials he was enduring for love of Him. And he found his Beloved. and said ' : By love can the Beloved be seen. that He may 15 25 . hast thou placed thyself in the care of my Beloved.' dost thou weary thy wealth and leave the joys body.' ' Say. 14 Our Lady presented her Son book concerning Our Lady's to the Lover. and the graces which He 13 Beloved gave him. Say. that he might kiss His feet.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED ' plied : I brave great perils that He may come.' he people ? Lover. or the Lover in the seen. in his ' and that he might write virtues. and the Lover by sighs and tears. and go about as an outcast of the ' 'To honour my Beloved's Name. Beloved ' ? The Lover answered.

and increase in thee thy love?' The bird replied '. till peace and concord were made between the Beloved and the Lover. 19 There wis strife Ibetween the Lover and the Beloved. Sighs and Tears came to be judged by the Beloved. and makes the heart to burn with love. when she is forgotten.' ^ Between Hopj^nd Fear. She lives on thought. and anethe/who loved Him saw it and wept. And the two ran. and.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED guard thee from indifference.And who makes : me love 16 to sing is but the Lord of love* to whom not to to sin. But Memory said that remembrance brings tears to the eyes. Love made her home. So unlike the pleasures of this world are her foundations.. for the eyes said that it ^1 C ) was better to see the Beloved than to remember Him. dies. 17 There was a contention between the eyes and the memory of the Lover. the Understanding and the them was the nearer to his Beloved. and the Understanding came 18 The Lover asked Will which of nearer to the Bgloved than did the Will. and asked Him which of them loved Him the more deeply. And the Beloved gave judgment 20 26 .

The Lover fell sick and thought on the Beloved. and the Beloved.' ' Whence comest thou ? ' ' I ' When ' wilt thou return ' ' ? go to my Beloved.' Whither goest 24 They said to the Lover thou }/ He answered e I come from my Beloved. ' : And he answered nobler house than see See all Him for yourselves in a the nobility of creation . quenched his thirst with Jove made him to rest in patience. my griefs : my tears. 22 .' How long wilt thou be with thy Beas loved ? 'As long birds my thoughts remain on Him. doubled might be doubiecTalso.' 25 The is hymned the dawn. and his griefs re21 And the Beloved came to drink of the same fountain.' 'I shall be with my Beloved. to the eyes. awakened. but and ' : Him too in my love. And the birds ended rheir song. and tears The Lover came to drink of the fountain which gives love to him who has none. and the Lover died in the dawn for his who Beloved. who fed him on His merits.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED that sighs were nearer to the seat of love. and as medicine gave him truth. 23 They asked the Lover where his Beloved was. the dawn. 27 . clothed him with humility. that the love of one whose griefs were doubled.

we may make ourselves understood by love . My heart. for he had laboured much in seeking for his Beloved and he feared lest he should forget Him. 28 . and grieved not for his tribulations. for in thy song I see my Beloved before mine eyes. and died.' one another's 27 The Lover was wearied. than that which he had lost. and the greater the Lover's tribulations. And"~"tTieceloved came in the vesture of His Lover. gift 30 him a greater The Beloved filled His Lover with gifts of love. that His Lover might So He gave regain what he had lost. the greater was his joy and delight. and he said to the bird 26 understand not Beloved. 28 his Beloved be absent from The Lover and Look the Beloved said to the Lover speak to Me.' : Beloved met. ' : If we speech. and the Thou needest not to ' at Me only. that he '. that I may for thine eyes give thee what thou 29 The Lover was disobedient to his Beloved .BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED The bird sang in the garden of the The Lover came. And he wept. might not fall asleep. and the Lover wept. speak to wiliest. for they would but make him love the more deeply. and his remembrance.

for said ' : The secrets of my Beloved torture my deeds reveal them not. and my mouth keeps 32 silence and reveals them : to none. patient. He who has made me His servant. and to see if his Beloved was But everywhere he found nought but And so he delved into the earth to see if there he could find the devotion which was lacking above ground. And his Beloved is pledged to be true and free. replied ' what couldst thou give to show thy love for Him ? 35 Pensively the Lover trod those paths which lead to the Beloved. trustful . humble. thou bird that singest of love. diligent. indifference.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 31 The Lover me. he must be ready to face great dangers for the honour of his Beloved. do ' nought but torture ' : me now ' ? And the bird If Love made thee not to bear trials. but they were to him as flowers. bed of love. well served. why does Beloved. Now he stumbled and fell among and as the thorns a . 34 my Say. just and liberal with those that love Him. 33 The Lover set forth over hill and plain in search of true devotion. 36 They asked the Lover ' : Wilt thou for another 29 .' This is Love's contract the Lover must be long-suffering. fearful.

He perfection. than the waves of the sea proper to love than is more swifdy and sighing is more whiteness to snow.' 37 said The Lover ' : Swifter is wept. and he if ' they had seen his Beloved. and love in the lover's heart than is the brilliance of the lightning to the eye. The tears of love gather .BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED change thy Beloved what other is he answered better or nobler than He ? : ' And .' ' And wherefore is He Beca use He is Love its elf.' all things that 30 .' Wherein lies His They asked him : : ' power ' ? He answered lies ' : He ' is ' Power itself. for I see picture to me my Beloved. ' Why. He has never been asked : him When : absent from the eyes of my body. in greatness.' ' : Wherein is the glory 38 They asked the Lover ' of thy Beloved ? He answered ' He is Glory ' itself. eternal. and sang of his Beloved. They answered did the eyes of thy mind lose sight of ' Beloved ? The Lover replied ' Since I first thy saw my Beloved in my thoughts.' And wherein ' His wisdom ? He is Wisdom loved ' itself. The Lover rose early and went to seek his He found travellers on the road.' to be ? 39 Beloved. or the thunder to the ear. wisdom and love nay. For and is ? He is the supreme Good He is infinite .

41 The keys of the gates of love are gilded with cares and desires. of fear and grief. that 46 tree. and went away he might gain the companionship of his Beloved. and asked him why 3i . justice and piety. the door is kept by justice and mercy. Deity and Humanity opened the doors. And the bird sang of that Countenance so full of delight. and joined together make concord between Lover and Beloved. to live alone. as we have already said. in the shade of a great Men passed by that place. The Lover was all alone. sighs and tears the Lover gazed upon the Beloved . piety. contrition and atonement .BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED With eyes of thought and grief. mercy and bounty. 44 There are two fires that warm the love of a true Lover one is of pleasures. The Beloved heard His Lover's blows. charity and patience. and the Lover went in to his Beloved. and with eyes of grace. desires and thoughts the other is of weeping and crying. : : 45 The Lover longed for solitude. 43 to Deity and Humanity met. 42 The Lover beat upon his Beloved's door with blows of love and hope. with humility. for amid many people he was lonely. sighs and tears . the 40 Beloved gazed upon His Lover. devotion. the cord which binds them is woven of conscience.

the . the greater gro^&. even then dost Thou give me health. 48 fail The Lover feared whether his Beloved would him in his greatest need . until now. and he ceased from loving Him. they approach and are united 50 its and Being.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED ' the Lover replied I am alone. that love might return to him. and the Beloved restored hope and charity to the Lover's heart. weeping and crying.my griefju when dost wound me. now that I have seen you and heard you . for their love mingles as water mingles with wine.' 51 love The Lover sighed and said Ah What is my The Beloved answered ? Thy love is a * : ! ' ' : mark and a seal by which thou dost show forth honour before men. v49. ' : Said the Lover to the Beloved : My grief an d Thou Thou the more surely healing are both in Thee healest me. They are linked as heat with light as Essence . the Lover recounted his griefs to the By signs of love. Beloved. Whether Lover and Beloved are near or far is all one .' he was alone. I was in the company of my Beloved.' My 32 . And : 47 the Beloved Lover held converse with by means of fear and thought. Then he had contrition and repent" ance of heart . and tears to his eyes.

nor ceased to love Thee.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 52 The Lover saw himself taken and bound.' my Him is left in me remember my It would be a miracle that 55 The Beloved said the Lover should sleep and forget the love of the ' Beloved.' ' : Said the Lover to the Beloved I have never from Thee. singing of his love . with which I Beloved. never once deceived or failed thee. by Thee and with loved answered have I Thee wheresoever I went. so that there naught but memory.' The heart of the Lover soared to the heights of 33 d .' The Lover replied It would be a greater miracle yet if the Beloved did not awaken ' : : him.' he answered.' As though mad went the Lover through a city.' The Beloved Nor since thou has!: known Me and ' : Me have Ionce^ forgotten jhee. since 56 He has desired his love. since I knew Thee. for the love of his Beloved and those who tortured him asked him Where is thy . and the : ' See Him here in the it strength which gives me 53 fled to bear my torments. for I was ever in Thee. ' has taken my will. ' : Beloved ' ? increase of He answered my love. and myself have yielded up to understanding. and they asked him if he had 54 losl his senses. ' My I Beloved. wounded and killed.

But the BelovecTTed him do wn again to this world to make trial of him with tribulations and adversities. and the scent of the flowers. And when he reached his Beloved iie con template d Him with joy and delight. and the breeze caused the leaves to tremble. ' Wherein is all thy 57 They asked the Lover ' wealth ? He answered In the poverty which I bear for my Beloved. 34 .' I ' ' WhoJsJLhy Beloved. adversity. embraces and tears. so that he might not lose his Him in the deep places of this world.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED love for the Beloved's abode. and bore away the scent of the flowers.' And where dosl: thou : ' : ' rest ? ' ' In the ' ' afflictions trusl: of love. so strongly did these two lovers memory his Beloved. What means the trembling of the leaves.' met two The Lover went in desire of his Beloved and friends. who greeted each other lovingly. leaves He answered signifies The trembling of the obedience. and the scent of ' the flowers ' ? : asked ' the bird of the Lover. And the Lover 59 call to his swooned.' physician 1 ? is The have in ' my And who creatures all I The signs which in thy masler ? see of my Beloved. with kisses.' 58 The bird sang upon a branch in leaf and flower.

' he in the Lover who ever loves. desired his Beloved to recompense And the Beloved reckoned the thoughts. that you may fear neither death nor danger.' Say. if thy Beloved no longer 'I should cared for thee. and gave Himself for a recompense to His Lover. Then in a loud who were near ' : voice he cried to those Ah.' 63 They asked ' the Lover what he meant by perse- verance. and the Beloved added to the account eternal bliss. what wouldst thou do ? 62 ' love Him still. both happiness and sorrow. in doing honour to my It Beloved. perils and trials which His Lover had borne for love of Him . patience and hope.' he replied.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 60 till The Lover thought on death. he remembered his Beloved. ' answered. honours and It is serves his Beloved with courage. tears.' 64 The Lover him for the time of his service. began in the glory of replied and from that beginning I was led to my ' neighbour even as myself.' firsT: 61 They asked the Lover where his love ' : began. my Beloved love And he . sirs ! have love. and to cease to care for deception and falsehood. seeing that to cease to love death and love is life. 65 They asked the Lover what he meant by 35 . longings. and was afraid. JFool of Love. is ' Else must I die .

thy sister ' and thy father my Beloved ! Thou.' ' : 6j Said the Lover to his Beloved Thou art aR.' ' * It is the remembrance of disthen.' he replied.' And : wholly unless thou art ' the Lover said Let me be : Me wholly Thine and be Thou wholly mine. He bore for thy love greater trials and sorrows than all other trials and sorrows that Love could give to its servants. And they 'To get ' Beloved. Love's sake. who is worthy of ' asked him again What : all is one's desires in this world.' The Beloved answered : ' Thou canst not have wholly Mine. what Beloved answered ' part in Me will thy son have. ' O Fool.' they answered.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED It is sorrow.' -><^ gazing on a Place where he had 66 The Lover was seen his Beloved. borne for happiness. recallest the blessed And he said ' : Ah.' ' to my misery ? he replied. and Thou all of me. thy brother. and through all.' The If I am wholly thine. I would give Thee all of myself that I may have all of Thee. place that ! haunts of my Beloved Thou thy wilt tell my Beloved that I suffer trials and ' : griefs for His sake. replied : art so great a Whole. and with all.' And that Place made reply When Beloved hung upon me. that Thou canst ? The Lover 36 ' O . and in all. is sorrow ? ' ' honour done honour. ' what.' * for such fleeting joys are followed by perpetual torment.

perils. And infinity with quantity.' love of love are both long and short. The Lover thought And the measuring. love and hope may 69 more deeply into my mind. brilliant. For pure and bright. thoughts. nor 68 end. nor mean. who was complaining of his Beloved that He increased not 71 Many trials and of Love.' long and deeply on the ind everlaslingness of his Beloved. that it gave him so many and sorrows. his love. this I am do that humility and patience. and eternity with time. subtle yet simple.' persons were with the Lover.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED abound. torments. 70 They asked the Lover of love ? And the Lover ' : What are the fruits made answer They ' * : are pleasures. O What art thou Beloved said I Fool ? The Lover answered : ' ' ' : measuring greater with lesser. sighs and griefs. is The paths clear. 37 . diligent. desires. strong. enter faith. The Beloved made reply that the trials and sorrows for which he reproached Love were that very increase of love. And without these fruits Love's servants have no part in her. and yet be wholly of each one who gives himself wholly to Thee. fullness with want. trials. and abounding both in fresh thoughts and in old memories. and greatness he found in Him neither beginning.

the for love. is this ' and what for : me by the ' gifts of Love. Fool of Love. Fool. and the likeness between the bliss and the sorrow which are brought 73 Say. Who opens the doors to the simple and closes them to the subtle. and saw in the meadow many children who were pursuing butterflies. or in ' the revelation of them ? Love in its He replied : : ' ' : fullness makes no such 38 distinction as this . the more the children laboured to 72 catch the butterflies. 74 or Say. the higher did these fly.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED The Lover entered a delightful meadow. said it Both came into being together for heart had not been reflection. said Such are ' : they who with subtle reasoning attempt to com- prehend the Beloved. And the Lover.' first. as he watched them. which thou art thoughtful and The Lover answered 'lam thinkperplexed ? ing of the beauties of my Beloved. nor love for were Where did thy love 75 They asked the Fool have its birth in the secrets of the Beloved. and.' Beloved through the casement of ' why dost thou not speak. and trampling down the flowers . for . which was in being ' thy heart ' : thy love ? He answered and . And Faith reveals the secrets of the love.' made not so.

in whatsoever you do. And for this cause the Lover must ever be suffering.' he replied. ^Love and waking. unrevealed. that they might be more acceptable to the Beloved. cause anguish and grief.' ' How did these things come ? Through my memory and receive them ? How didst thou understanding. in speech and in silence. in in sleeping and laughing. And they asked of Love that he would clothe and adorn them after his own manner. C7?T) The Lover cried aloud to : all men.' Love bring thee 1 ' ' ? The wondrous ways of my ' Beloved.' secretly the secretly also 76 The secrets of love. revelation of love brings fervour and fear. sighs c And what did and griefs.' c ' 39 . in buying and selling. and bade them ask of him the most desirable and pleasing gifts.BOOK OF THE L OVER AND THE BELOVED Lover hides the secrets of his Beloved . and my eyes with tears. when did Love first come to thee 79 ' ' In that time. ' Love's commandment. 77 Love called his lovers.' ' ? Say. and said : in walking and sitting. when my heart was filled and enriched with thoughts and desires. and yet when they are revealed he keeps them secret still.' ' ' How With love and hope. His honours and His exceeding worth. Fool. he reveals them. in bids you ever love / weeping gain and in for this is loss in short.

or if he fears to do Him honour in that place where He is most dishonoured . and little has he learned to love who is impatient of tribulations and he ' : . And he ' : answered eternal ' : It is the inflowing of infinite goodness.' 80 The Beloved sang.' They asked the Lover concerning the love of his Beloved. temperance and courage. what meanest thou by a marvel ? ' : ' He replied It is a marvel to love things absent . charity and perfection. life. more than things present ancf no less to love things 40 . O Fool. wisdom. This is that power. He answered It is a mingling of joy and sorrow. and said Little the Lover knows of love. of fervency and fear. which flows to the Lover from the Beloved. if he is ashamed to praise his Beloved.' ' 83 Say.' 81 if there The Lover wrote to his Beloved. And the Beloved replied to the Lover ' There is nought in Me that can forsake nor fail thee. who loses trust in his Beloved loses also his love and hope. and asked Him were others who could help him to suffer and : bear the grievous trials which he endured for love of Him.' 82 They asked the Beloved concerning the love of His Lover.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED dost thou keep them ' ? * With justice and pru- dence.

without either griefs or trials. love is the tree. and ajphysjcjan came in to see him who doubled his sorrows and his thoughts.' 85 The Lover asked loving.' 86 The Lover was sorrowful. 41 . therefore he begged his Beloved to send him a book. and wearied with overmuch thought. in which he might see Him in His virtues. And in that same hour the Lover was healed. 87ySick with love was the Lover. and his So the Beloved sent that book to the trials and griefs were doubled. Lover. love and loving are trials and griefs. the answered of which is loving . are one and the same thing. that his sorrow might thereby And be relieved. ' : his Beloved itself? ' ' : greater or love Which is the The Beloved In this mortal life. the flowers and the leaves fruit And in God. And he said How great a sadness is it that any man So the Lover said to should die without love him that was dying Say. and he found a man who was dying without love. why dosl thou die ' : ' ! ' : without love ' ? And he ' replied : Because I lived without love.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED seen and things corruptible more than things unseen and incorruptible.' 84 The Lover went to seek his Beloved.

' and in a place which thy ' understanding knew not. The Lover wept. O Fool. 90 The Beloved revealed Himself to His Lover. and afterwards was in rapture. hast thou ' ' weep for thy Beloved ? shame when men see Shame apart from ' answered the Lover.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED Love went apart with the Lover. The Beloved was absent from His Lover. But the love by which Thou sustained me and humbles! me is one. The Lover found his Beloved. 88 89 ^IThe Lover said to the Beloved ' : By many and revealesT: Thyself to my sight. and asked Him whither He had been.' ' 92 thee sin. and they had great joy of the Beloved as they communed of Him.' Say. that he might worthily love Him. and 91 the Lover sought his Beloved with his memory and understanding.' 42 . But the Beloved brought life to His Lover by revealing to him His Countenance. He stretched out His Arms to embrace him to kiss . He inclined His Head him . signifies want of love in one who knows not how to love. Far from thy memory. clothed in new and scarlet robes. and Love swooned thereat. and He remained on high that he might ever seek Him. ( answered the Beloved.' ways dosT: Thou come to my heart. And by many names do I name Thee. and one alone.

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 93 The Beloved planted in the heart of the Lover love. Thy wonders. sighs and longings. gathered an assembly of tions many noble knights.' Hast thou ' aught but love faults . and the Beloved said to him The Lover called thee to come to this assembly ? Need and love compelled me to come. 'in my Yea.' 'To love.' Is the Lover.' ' How dost thou ' ' thy 1 4 name ? From love.' answered Beloved there is justice and 43 .' ' ' : 95 They asked ' : the Lover ' : Whence ' ' art thou ' ? He answered belong birth 1 ' From love.' What ' ' ' ? 'In ' love.' Where dwellest thou ' ' is 'By Whence comest thou ? Love.' he answered. I have ' my ' ' Beloved. virtue and tears. tribulations and And the Lover tended his body with hope and devotion. Thy adornments and Thy glory.' ' Who thou ' gave thee born ? ' ' In love.' Where wast Love.' ' To whom dost thou ? ' ' ' ? 'I belong to love. 94 The Beloved made a great feast. consolation and patience. and I have sins against there pardon in thy Beloved ? ? Yea. Lover the Beloved planted trials/.' Who ' brought thee up ' ? ' Love. sent many : invita- and gave great gifts. answered that I might behold Thy face. The Lover watered the seed with his In the body of the griefs. To this assembly came ' Who the Lover.' Whither goest thou ? live ? love.

by revealing to him His Presence. but the Beloved comforted him. The Beloved answered him. and the steward demanded of Him the 44 . who was despised among the people. dead. that the Beloved might be lodged there. for mercy causes me hope and justice^to jf fear.' S 96 The Beloved left the Lover. and to fill it with joy. and his sorrow was increased. devoted lovers. 98 They asked the Lover what sign the Beloved The sign of bore upon His banner. He replied c : One sign. And the Lover cast out all things from his dwelling. and therefore am I lodged between fear and to hope . fied. The Lover found his Beloved.' I suffer these wrongs for want of fervent and The Lover wept. and the Lover sought Him in his thoughts.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED mercy. with grief and with thoughts.' 99 The Beloved came to lodge in the dwelling of His Lover. and inquired for Him of men in the language of love.' They asked him why He bore such ' : a He answered and was dead. and he told the Beloved what great wrong was done to His Name. being His lovers must follow His He was once cruciand because those who glory in Because steps. and said * : Lo. which was full of darkness. 97 The light of the Beloved's abode came to illumine the ^Cover's dwelling.

and climbed mountain of the Beloved.are messengers between the Lover and the Beloved. with a He paid the price of all men. and sent to Him from been 103 tears. which 104 Lover served The Lover begged his Beloved to give him riches. and the Beloved revealed His Countenance to the memory and understanding of the Lover.' ioo gift. The Beloved gave sighs. that between them there may be solace and companionship.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED reckoning. to But the Lover said ' : My Beloved is be lodged freely. peace and honour in this world . and gave Himself as the Supreme Aim to his will. with his Beloved. his thoughts. 101 Every day si ghs and jears . ' : 105 They asked ' honour ? Lover In what consists He answered In comprehending and the ' : 45 . that they might bring him back his Beloved the joys which for so long had his. yea. thoughts. love and goodwill. that understanding might be exalted and love for the Beloved might Memory and into the be increased. 102 The Lover desired his Beloved. for long ago Will met together. gift the to His Lover the gift of wea riness and g rief.

for Love might be present at his passwith Love he could better endure death. : devotion. who loves His lovers with infinite and eternal love.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED loving my Beloved. temperance and happiness . So he sent Memory to his Beloved. even as Thou didst who was In the path of love the Lover found another silent. Ah. perfect and complete in everything!' said : 108 The Lover sang and ! ' affliction is love 109 The Lover went into a far country seeking his Beloved. and who with tears. patience. And Love made excuse. for he desired to live and serve his Beloved. and Thou as a my love. I was tormented by love. for that he had given him such gifts as these. grief. and he blamed the Lover who cried out upon Love. even to death.' ' : In for- getting 1 06 and ceasing to love 'O my until I cried that Beloved. The Lover was afraid.' 107 my griefs.' And they asked him also ' ' : In what consists dishonour ? He answered Him. and then did love ease guerdon didst increase double my torment. saying that he had given him noble gifts loyalty. hope. and in the way he met two lions. courage. that ing. Thou wast present in my torments . what great Ah. and a sad countenance made accusation and reproach against Love. what great happiness it is to love my Beloved. 46 .

he found a hermit who was sleeping near to a fair spring. licked the from his eyes. And therefore is the love of the care in Beloved ever active. for the Beloved has few such lovers as these. and asked him if in his dreams he had seen the Beloved. And the Lover joyed greatly at finding a fellow-prisoner . So the Lover went on his way in search of his Beloved. The Lover wakened the hermit. but he could find no way of escape from the imprisonment in which Love had for so long enthralled his body and his thoughts and all his desires and joys.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED And two tears lions while the Lover thought upon his Beloved. no The Lover journeyed over hill and dale. bird was singing upon a branch I will a fresh thought to the lover who will give me give : A ' -"47 . There is naught in the Beloved which is not and sorrow for the Lover. nor has the Lover aught in himself in which the Beloved joys not and has no part. so they both wept. While the Lover went labouring thus. whether hejwas sleeping or waking. the came humbly to the Lover. while that of the Lover is grief and 112 suffering. and caressed his hands and feet. . The hermit replied that his own thoughts also. were imprisonedby Love.

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED t wo . that its grief might be assuaged . and he passed along a road where there was a fierce lion which killed all who passed by it carelessly and without devotion. bore the Stronger love toward the other ? The Lover loved all who feared his Beloved. and he ' : who fears Him may be bold and fervent in all things ' : beside. 113 their The Lover and caresses the Beloved met and embraces. Then the crying. and the Lover felt his griefs increased. and the Lover gave two to the bird. and their made peace between them. their and weeping and together. and he feared all who feared Him not. Beloved asked the Lover concerning his slate. And there 115 arose this doubt : Had the Lover more of love or of fear? 116 The Lover thought to follow his Beloved. Then the Lover said He who fears not my Beloved must fear everything. and the Lover was speechless before his Beloved.' The bird gave that fresh thought to the Lover. Which of them. bore witness to their meeting. think you. 114 love The Lover and the Beloved strove.' What meanest thou 117 They asked the Lover ' He answered ' It is to have by occasion of love ? : 48 .

health in abstinence. nor taste nor see nor hear.' in titution. and I neither live nor feel. cry out and awaken the watchdogs who sleep. and made it as bright and resplendent as is the moon by night. the sun at midday. and and contempt of the people. riches strife in 118 Love shone through the cloud which came between the Lover and the Beloved. peace in obedience. O heart ! And. as the day-star at dawn. malevolence. O eyes ! Sigh. understanding in knowledge. hope in patience.' 120 Lover. and my eyes are in grief and tears. Weep. the understanding in the will . forgetting my Beloved. consolation^ in remembrance. understanding and will. 119 They asked the Lover ' darkness ? He replied ' : Beloved.' 122 Ah.' ' What is the greatest The absence of my And what is the greatest light ? The : ' ' ' presence of my Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED pleasure in penance. and through that bright cloud the Lover and the Beloved held converse. love in diligence. tears. E 49 . these words ' : 121 The Lover wrote My Beloved delighteth because I raise my thoughts to Him. loyalty in despoverty. sighs The marks of the Beloved are seen in the who for love's sake is in thought and grief.

Yet and my Beloved threatens promises gifts aricf rewards. with justice and wisdom. with the water of his and on paper of suffering. and how falsewere increasing the number of His 126 The Lover and the Beloved were bound in love with the bonds of memory. And the nearer was the Lover to the Beloved. and the cord with which these two loves were bound was woven of thoughts and griefs.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED memory. to forget not the dishonour which is done my Beloved by those honoured. will The Beloved drew near to the Lover. the Lover wrote Beloved. With the pen of love. And despise both His threats and memory and His promises. and will. hood and error enemies. 125 tears. And in these he told how how love was dying. that they might never be parted . to comand console him for the grief which he suffered and the tears which he shed. sighs and tears. the more he grieved and wept. 123 whom He has so greatly The enmity of men to my Beloved increases. 50 . letters to his devotion tarried. crying out upon the dishonour which his 124 fort Beloved endured. understanding.

The Lover replied thathe could not forget Him because he could not do otherwise than know Him. 128 The Beloved clothed His Lover in a vesl:.' The Beloved answered For love of thee I became incarnate. thoughts. 51 . patience. his coverlet was of griefs. of the murmurings of men who judge falsely. charity.' The Lover said to his Wellbeloved Teach me how to make Thee known and loved and praised among men. tribulations. 129 130 praise The Beloved and defend said to His Lover ' : Thou shalt where men fear to The Lover answered Provide me praise Me. and tear s. body He The Beloved adjured His Lover not to forget Him. his feet with tribuand his head with a garland of tears. coat and mantle. lations. His clothed with thoughts.' The Beloved filled His Lover with ' 131 : jsig hs devotion.' then with love.^ And boldness to praise the Beloved . and endured the in places ' : Me ' : pains of death.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 127 The Lover lay in the bed of love his sheets were of joy. and gave him helmet of love. And none knew if the fabric of the pillow was that of the sheets or of the coverlet. and in his mouth were and in his will was contempt entered the Lover's heart praises of his Beloved . his pillow of : tears.

For this cause his longing desires and thoughts gave the Lover sorrow and 52 . it dies remembrance.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 132 The Lover said to the people ' : remembers my Beloved. Strength with which to vanquish his Beloved's enemies. ' : through forgetfulness. and receives a part in blessings.' 134 The Lover forgot all that was beneath the high heavens that his understanding might soar the higher towards a knowledge of the Beloved. in remembering He who truly Him forall gets all things around . to contemplate.' S* the Lover ' : 133 ' They asked Whereof 'is Ljaye^ born. And the Lover would have been vanquished if the Beloved had not helped him 136 to make known His greatness. justice. The Lover desired to attain to the farthest . 135 The Lover went to the wars for the honour of faith. his Beloved. and he in remembering my Beloved. and took with him charity. and wherefore does it die ? The Lover answered Love is born of it lives on understanding. hope and and temperance prudence. whom his will desired to comprehend. blocked his path. who is forgets things defended by all Him His from all harm. praise and preach. goal of his love for the Beloved and other objects grief. whereon does it live.

to Christian his princes and to teach them by Artjy and Beloved. and the Beloved^ wept. for his losses could not be regained.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED and rejoiced in the greatBut afterwards the Lover was sad because of overmuch thought and reflection. And he knew not which he felt the more deeply 137 glad. and 141 none could comfort him. his Elements x to know and^oyeJ^his 139 If thou seest a lover clothed in fine raiment. pale and thin with fast and vigil. And if thou seest a lover poorly clothed. . The Lover wept for all that he had lost . sated with food and sleep. /138 The Lover was sent by his Beloved to unbelievers. prizing vainglory. know that in that man thou lookest upon salvation and everlasting weal. despised by the world. know that in that man thou seest damnation and torment. 140 The Lover made complaint fire to his Beloved of the heat of the which raged in his breast. The Lover was ness of his Beloved. and gave him the comfort of patience and the sure hope of reward. The Lover was like to die. 1 Works of Lull 53 himself. the joys or the sorrows.

' 146 ings. The Lover made oath to the Beloved that for trials and sufferand he begged the Beloved that He would think upon his trials and sufferings. . And the Lover despised their reproaches. 143 Men reproached and reproved the Lover. c I am clothed in vile raiment . and to have pity on those who endured trials for love of Him. because they loved not his Beloved. enemies of My honour have tormented and despised Therefore have I sent my Lover that he may suffered.' ' The Beloved sang. : and 145 my body praise with tears. : wearied with loving. The Beloved made oath that it was the nature and property of His love to love all those that loved Him.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED God created the night that men might keep and meditate upon the glories of the Beloved there was a time when the Lover thought that it was created for the rest and sleep of those who were 142 vigil. griefs and : sufferings. love of Him he endured and loved 54 . and himself reproved them. taught those and the them. weep and lament the dishonour which and his laments and tears are the I have of fruit My love. and said I who Me to sing My praises aright. because he went about as a fool for love's sake. 144 The Lover said but love clothe s my he art with thoughts _of delight.

thin. 148 until the . that thou mayesT: find thy Beloved ! And the Lover asked him how he had recognised him . who was walking along in pensive fashion . before every- do to the false when they honour him by naming him thing in their letters. Beloved came down from the heights of Heaven and He came to earth to weep and suffer and die for the sake of love. recognition. pale. and the Lover took comfort in gazing upon his Beloved. 149 The Lover reproached ^Chrislian people. Jesus ChrisT. and rejoiced in the nature and property of his Beloved. The Lover met a Squire. honour and goodness of the Beloved and treasure of the Lover. and poorly clothed. 55 are the riches And the . The Lover wept and called upon his Beloved. and the Squire said ' Some of Love's secrets : reveal others.' and therefore between lovers there is 151 The glory. to do that the Saracens Him the same honour prophet Mahomet.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED The Lover was glad. 150 and he saluted the Lover and said ' : Now God ' guide thee. because in their letters they put not firsT: the name of his^eloveb!. and to teach men to know and love and praise His Name. 147 The Beloved silenced His Lover.

is the greater occasion of love ? 154 Love made the Lover to be sad through excess of thought . think you. tears and griefs with which the Lover ever loves and honours his Beloved. desires. and in the is secrets of the Beloved are revealed the secrets of the Lover. He answered 56 ' : By mercy and . on which is the form and figure of their Beloved. of revelation ? the greater cause 156 They asked the Fool by what signs his Beloved might be known. 152 A great and goodly company of tried lover's have gathered together . and the Lover reWhich of these two causes. And love. torments. increased more the Lover's love ? 155 In the secrets of the Lover are revealed the secrets of the Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED Beloved's treasure is the store of thoughts. Which of the two emotions. 153 riches They who show move the Lover their folly to by heaping up be a fool for love . and feels at the shame which the Lover going as a fool among men makes him to be esteemed and loved. they bear the banner of love. Which of these two secrets. lest their they will have with them none who has not Beloved should be dishonoured. the Beloved sang. joiced to hear Him. think you. think you.

' ' understand falsehood that stand truth. where the Lovkr-and the Beloved were talking in secret. words of Indifference were greatly displeasing to the Beloved and the Lover.' And why I may 57 so ? ' ' Because I the better under- . ' for I have only hated that I may the better love. ' f ' ) That the Lover may cease to love.' Lover. And Love asked Indifference why he had come to that place.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED pity. which are essentially in His Will. and their love was increased. without mutation or change. Fool.' he replied. that Indifference might be vanquished and destroyed thereby.' he and the Beloved to be honoured. and for his Beloved to be everywhere known and praised. ' ' O answered ' : Truth. O loving. and desired of all the world^ 158 Love and Indifference met in a garden. in which dost thou take the ' 'In greater pleasure in loving or in hating ? ' ' 159 Say.' The replied.' 157 Such was the love which the Lover had to his Beloved. which dost thou strive to He understand the better falsehood or truth ? 160 Say. that he desired the good of all above the good of each.

desires and memories held and enchained him lest he might . wept not ' ' 58 .' He asked. then. The Lover met his Beloved. flee from his Beloved. but he could not hide the tears in his eyes. and he inquired of Him if His love and His mercy were one and the same thing. And so he was taken captive on the journey and delivered to the tormentors by the enemies of his Beloved. How didst thou know Me. since thine eyes were not 164 and wept. and why does not of my griefs ? ' Thy mercy heal me 162 The Lover desired to go into a far country to do honour to his Beloved. and the Lover revived. ThereLover Why. Thoughts.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 161 The Lover perceived that he was loved by his Beloved. 163 Imprisoned was the Lover in the prison of Love. and he knew Him The Beloved reproved him. complaints and sighs. Griefs tormented him. and he wished to disguise himself that he might not be taken captive on the way . And patience and hope consoled the Lover was dying. the sorrow and grief of his heart. The Beloved affirmed that in His essence there was no distinction fore said the between His love and His mercy. but the Beloved him revealed to him His Presence. because he until he knew Him. does Thy love ' : torment me. nor his pale and drawn face. nor the thoughts.

if-thoughts of love. understanding and will. and in which is all my 1 66 Devotion and Absent Longing sent thoughts as messengers to the Lover's heart.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND TH E BELOVED already wet with tears 1 ' ? And the Lover answered : By memory. "and the great trials and perils into which this love for so long had led him. through which. which for long had wept but now would weep no more. as soon as the eyes of my body saw Thee. my love was increased. And the Lover answered sacred marks and the sweet words on one's heart the of the Beloved. tears.' faint when he hears the Beloved's praises. if water.di= on the great love which he had for his Beloved. if ye will 167 Said the Lover have fire. to bring tears to his eyes. It is that which causes the Lover to grow It is will. come light your lanterns at my heart . come gather them from 168 my It meditations/^- happened one day that the Lover was. and he fell to considering tating 59 . It all the desire for the Beloved above things. It is fervour. O ye that love.' meanest thou by love?' said the It is to bear Beloved. It is It is boldness. whence flow the tears in ' : streams j. It is to long for Him with desire ' : Ci^l^What and with is fear.me. come to my eyes. that in which I die daily.

which. provinces or : kingdoms He answered sires.' Hast castles or cities. hast thou riches ? ' ' He thou ? ' answered villas. as Presence. have thoughts of love. ' : O I ' Fool. would surely be great. it came to him that his Beloved had recompensed him already. I have given them to thee that others may love and honour 169 The Lover was wiping away for Love's sake he ' : Me 170 also.' ' Say. O thou that goes! as a fool for love's sake.' 172 They a sked the Lover ' : How ' knowest thou the justice of thy Beloved's decrees ? He answered : 60 . ' griefs ? He ' : Say.' separate body I slave. had he not been inspired with a love for His with that very love through which his had come ? sufferings the tears which had shed. that none should see the sufferings which the Beloved sent him. he said.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED his reward. But the Beloved said Why wouldst thou hide from others these marks of thy love ? Behold. which are better than kingdoms or empires. And for he thus discoursed with himself. degriefs. trials. have I my Beloved. thou be a how and long wilt suffer trials and my 171 Beloved * shall and forced to weep Till answered and soul in me. tears.

' O Fool. increasing his ' trials and perils.' ledge of love without both the one and the ' Why wilt thou not 174 They asked the Lover from the falsehoods. why defendesl: thou Love when 175 ' it thus tries and torments thy body and thy soul ? He answered ' : Because it increases my worth and my happiness. whom indeed be full of de- and error. errors and defend thyself ' He answered crimes of which thou art accused ? : and said ' : I have to defend . O Fool.' * more Say. O Fool. thoughts and tears. men ceit falsely accuse man may is my Beloved. 177 guilty ? Say. and 61 .' the 178 The Beloved raised the understanding of Lover that he might comprehend His greatness.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED ' In that He allots to his lovers an equality of joys and of griefs.' his 176 The Lover grieved and cried out on because He caused Love to torment him Beloved.' ' Say. which of these knows the 173 of love he that has joys or he that has trials and ' griefs ? He answered ' : There can be no know- other. And the Beloved made reply by so grievously. and scarce worthy to be defended. why dosl That He answered ' : I thou excuse the may not be like those who accuse the innocent with the guilty.

though it is so high. that all I hated once is now. which. through love of Thee. strikes the weak eyes of us men that are here below. as he wondered how his trials could have their source in the glory of his Beloved. and asked were none with whom he might speak of Beloved as he wished. And they showed The Lover went through him a poor man who was weeping for love. And then he thought of the sun. City. a greater happiness and joy to me than what I once loved before ever I loved Thee.' my will to love 180 if there his a. thoughts of the Lover were between forgetfulness of his torments his joys and remembrance of for the joys of love drive the memory of sorrow away. felicity in who has such great Himself. 181 Thoughtful and perplexed was the Lover.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED incline his memory to recall his own shortcomings. and who sought a companion with whom to speak of love. and the tortures of love happiness which it recall the brings. so that his will might hate them. and aspire to a love of the Beloved and His perfection. 179 great The Lover sang of his Beloved and is said : So Thee. 62 . 182 The .

that his love should thereby become deeper. for Truth praised Him and Falsehood accused Him. O Fool.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 183 They asked ^the Lover: 'Will thy Beloved ever take away thrloye^J And he answered No.' Say. that 63 . my Lover had never learned to love Me. The Lover was in a vast forest.' For the greatness of : ' ' ' : : Hast Thou never 185 They asked the Beloved ' ^had pity ? He answered ' If I had not had pity. There came thejemptation toj:he Lover to memory might awaken and find the Beloved's Presence once more . what is the greatest comparison ' He and similitude of all that can be made ? ' 184 answered 1 That between Lover and Beloved. that the understanding should comprehend Him more sublimely. who were disputing of his Beloved.' He replied For what reason ? They asked him their love. and the will love Him more truly. with trials and Beloved.' 186 tears. seeking his He found there Truth and Falsehood. nor ' : understanding to comprehend the Beloved's glory. leave his Beloved. not while memoryTias power to remember. And the Lover cried out to Love that he would come to the aid of Truth. nor had I ' : : tormented him with sighs and with griefs. 187.

he was in sorrow and pain. the one for having forgotten Him. that he doubted if he abhorred it enough. and became one and the same thing in And for this cause the Lover the Lover's will. time. and he lived -b y grief And his joys and torments were mingled and united. there- understanding up and Jiis_jnernory. For one Jiour only the Lover w^JxLfahiJiave 191 forgotten his Belo yeH^an d known Him not. On the day when it 1 88 his Beloved. and wavered between love and fear. and the other for the joy of the remembrance. ignorance had themselves fore he made him to lifted suffer . 189 So earnestly did the Lover desire that his Beloved should be honoured and praised. and yet in glory and bliss. 190 The Loverwas like to die ofjoy.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED For one day the Lover ceased to remember and on the next day he remembered that he had forgotten Him. And for this cause the Lover was thoughtful. in (contemplation ^of his Beloved. and his . that his But such oblivion and grief might have some rest. seemed to be living and dying at one and the same . and so strongly did he abhor the dishonour paid to his Beloved. had p atien ce. came to the Lover that he had forgotten his Beloved. that he doubted if he honoured Him enough .

O Fool.' poor.' And why so ? is Because nearest to my : heart is ' love.' ' have love. hast thou riches ? Yea. c ' /I96^ Say.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 192 So great was the love of the Lover to his Beloved that he believed all things that He revealed to him. and because it fills so few others with love for the honour of my Beloved. And therefore was the love of the Lover for ever between belief and understanding. ' : O Lover. And so earnestly did he desire to comprehend Him that he strove with his reason to understand all things that were said of Him.' How then is this ? ' 'I am ' O ' ' because my love is no greater.' ' Hast thou poverty ? ' I haye__lQye.' ' 194 ' Say. where is Wiswered In the poweToTmy He thy power ? Belovecl? Where' ' with dost thou fight thine enemies ? With the ' of my Beloved.' ' the bounty and riches of my Say. which the contrary of indifference. whensoever Beloved.' Wherein dost thou seek strength consolation ? ' ' ' 'In the eternal 65 treasuers of F my Beloved.' . I Lover.' he replied. 195 he replied. 1 Yea. hast thou envy ? He answered I forget Yea. 193 They asked ' the Lover ' farthest from thy heart ? ' ' What thing is He answered In' : ' : difference.

the greater wonder 200 ness over and darkLover that his guilt had separated him long ago from his Wellbeloved and the darkness had banished the This is that light by light from his understanding. sins. : ' : so that at thy death thou shalt be able through aid to vanquish thy mortal enemies. but mercy and the assurance of pardon . ' What wilt thou come to thee that ? I who asked him I have And Love replied may nurture and direct thy life. eclipse in the heavens all There was an the earth. Justice membrance increased hope increased in his will and therefore in the Lover's penitence the merits conquered the 199 his at all.' 198 Sins and merits were striving his remorse. O Fool. which lovest thou the the mercy or the justice of thy Beloved ' 197 more ' ? He answered ' : So~greatly it doTToveahd will to love fear His justice that I find not in my anything more. which the Beloved reveals Himself to His lovers.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED Say.' my 66 . ? think you. and denied that in Him was perfection in was any fault is Which of these two. And it recalled to the 201 ' Love came to the Lover. among themand re- selves in the Lover's conscience. The Lover affirmed that all Beloved.

and to win for my Beloved many fervent and ardent lovers who will never shrink from praising His Name ? to his Beloved. all which agree without So the Beloved is to be loved 67 other objects of affection. And he asked men if they had '205. diversity of essence. and his Beloved gave him ing. devotion. Lo ve fell when he gave himself to over-much think. and he himself fell sick.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 202 sick When the Loverjfor got his B eloved. And this though Lover and Beloved are above entitles distinct.' So the Lover sighed and wept. So his love vanished. trials. and are one. a man who was dying with-.^And die without love. and said Ah. . when wilt thou be great enough to drive away sin. the Lover wept that a man should ouflove. for the dishonour which it brought 203 The Lover found So he asked that man Why dost And he answered There thou die without love ? is none who will give me knowledge of love. all and the Lover was perseen Love. Lover and Beloved are so straitly united in the Beloved that they are of His Essence.Love and loving. ' : ' ' : ' : ' 204 The Lover tempted Love to see if he would remain in his heart though he remembered not his Beloved . griefs and cares. plexed. anH his heart ceased to think and his eyes to weep. or teach me to be a lover.

alms and vigils with the heat of love.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 206 love is ' Say. and travelled afar that the Will of the Beloved might be moved to inspire His subjects with love to 207 honour His Name . And none - of These things can be love. the Beloved that He would deign first to warm him in his journeys.' the Lover if his Beloved had need ' 210 They asked ' of aught.' accomplished without great The Lover watched and fasted. wept. and extol His surpassing worth.' 68 . ' O Fool. wherefore hast thou so great ' : Because long and perilous the journey which I make in search of my Beloved. and I must seek Him with great faith. of those who will love and praise Him. the love of the Beloved is sufficient to give graces and blessings to His creatures. Yea. how canst thou be most like to ' He replied ' By comprehending thy Beloved ? and loving with all my power the beauties and the ' 209 : perfections of my Beloved.' Say. unless it be first heated. that he might accomplish his desires. O Fool. nor mount on Therefore he prayed high. and journey ? He answered with all speed. gave alms. ' : 208 The Lover met love of the Lover a pilgrim who sang If the suffices not to move his Beloved to pity and pardon.' he answered. but the Lover considered that water does not by nature grow hot.

hardly is there one who loves Me for My goodness and nobility. as ' : his Beloved. and he said : Ah. and ninety of these hundred fear Me by reason of the pains of hell. how much hast Thou given to man and how greatly hast Thou honoured him Why then has man thus forgotten Thee ? ' ' ! 213 The Lover was said that He was praising his Beloved.' When the Lover heard these words. who appeared of all is power and cried One worthy honour. to make him love the tree whence He plucks the rods wherewith He chastens His lovers. and now. dishonour and death. he wept bitterly for the dishonour paid to his Beloved . of every thousand.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 211 The Beloved chastened His Lover's heart with rods of love. asked the Lover where his Beloved was. And this is that tree on which He suffered grief. 212 in The Lover met glory. he replied : 69 . know Me and love Me. my Beloved. that He might bring back to love of Him those lovers whom He had lost. that so And he How ' strange a thing it few among men revere and know and love Thee as And the Beloved answered him Thou deservest ! and said created ' : him Greatly has man grieved Me . but a hundred fear and love Me . and ten love Me for the sake of the glory hereafter . for I to revere Me. and he transcendent because He is in a And therefore. when they place where place is not.

' 215 The Beloved inquired of His Lover ' if he had He answered: All things please me. for I desire all lovers to have the greatest merit and glory. but is I know not where . He answered A subject and a slave has no other will than to obey his Lord and ' ' : ' ' : ' ' : his Beloved.' him Love gave himself to any who would receive and since he gave himself to few and inspired few with love. because the Lover was incensed And at the trials which Love made him to bear. and accused him before the Beloved. But Love I strive not against made his defence and said 216 .' Hast thou then no will ? asked the Beloved. therefore the Lover cried out on Love.' There was great strife and contention between Love and the Lover. ' : free will. 217 70 . therefore I cannot but be patient.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED c He is. I only know that my Beloved in my remembrance. and made him to suffer griefs and heavy thoughts. as he was free and had not been constrained.' 214 The Beloved bought a slave that He might show him His graces. And He asked him What wilt thou eat and drink ? The slave ' What Thou wilt. and patience. for he who is no more lord of his will can not be impatient.' But what wilt thou ? replied ' * My will is as Thine. sighs and tears.

has for neighbours the perfections and the Beloved's neighbours are the thoughts of the Lover. thought and nourished with patience. So both of them came to the judgmentseat of the Beloved .' 71 The Beloved . of the Beloved Lover's will loved to soar on high. and the trials and tears which Love gives him to bear. three mounted to the con- templation of the Beloved's glories. so he commanded the understanding to soar as high as it 220 The might . Beloved. 219 The Lover . for my love has ' : united me to One. and He chastened the Lover with griefs and rewarded him with increase of love. And 222 The Lover said that I have left O let not my Beloved think Him to love another. saying that Love is born of 218 more of thought than of patience. There was a contention whether Love has And the Lover resolved the contention. that he might use it to love and tivity serve Him. 221 The will of the Lover left him and flew to the^ the Beloved gave it into the capof the Lover.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED they debated whether Love or the Lover was to blame. and the understanding commanded the so that all memory. and to One alone. that he might have great love toward his Beloved .

225 The Beloved came to sojourn in the hoslelry of the Lover . for I have lovers who have loved Me more fervently and for longer than he. ' : O my hasl ears Beloved. thy name had not been written in the book of those who shall come to eternal bliss. that art worthy of Thou and taught and accustomed to hear my eyes to see my Thy wonders.' Had I not taught and guided thee so. from which are wiped Lover : ' out the names of such as shall go to eternal punishment.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED answered and said I ' : Let not My Lover think that am many 223 loved and served by him alone . and the joys made complaint of . increasing his thoughts and griefs. And these have inspired thoughts which have brought tears to my eyes and The Beloved answered the griefs to my heart. so that he had altogether died if the Beloved had increased in him any further the thoughts of His greatness.' Said the Lover to his all Beloved love. and there served Him sighs and tears . 226 Love put joys and 72 trials together into the Lover's thoughts. and His Lover made Him a bed of thoughts.' 224 In the heart of the Lover gathered the glories and beauties of the Beloved. and the Beloved paid His reckoning with memories.

' Think you now that the Lover's will is in truer harmony 73 . those marks did the Lover preach before the lovers of his Beloved. is a his fulfilment began. his eyes by tears. ' and the work of Say. The Lover went into solitude . its waves troubled by the winds . to which in Lover's will also moves .BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED that company and accused Love before the Beloved. ' 230 ' O Fool. tears . and his heart was accompanied by thoughts. 227 his The marks of the Beloved are. But when He had parted them from the sorrows which Love gives to his lovers. and remained quite alone in the company of many people. behold. And with tribulations . that men may serve and honour his Beloved. The Lover him perished his perished in this ocean. and with trials. in the end. it has no port or shore. then. manner the and this is the end. 229 Love is an ocean. what is love ? 'He answered like : Love working together of thought and adtion towards one end. these the Lover things went no longer with him. love which the Lover has to in the beginning. and. they vanished and were gone. 228 Lover returned to the companionship of men. death. and But when the his body by fafts and affliclions.

then. think you.' He answered He who makes me and and love. pine. sigh Who is Thy 232 They asked the Beloved ' He who fears naught so Lover ? answered He that he may honour and praise My Name.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED with this end or when he longs to be with his Beloved. and Love revived in the thoughts which the Lover sent to his Beloved. The infused science comes from prayer and devotion . ' 233 : ask it of those Beloved. acquired science comes from study and under235 said : The Lover ' from the standing. which is the heavier and more grievous burden the trials of love. and will.' all things to obey My commandments and Say. weep. and Love died. who do penance for the love of their and of those who do penance from fear of the pains of hell. is 74 . and who : ' : renounces counsels. when he longs to convert to Him many lovers ? 231 loved They asked ? ' the Lover ' : c : Who suffer. desire. for he had naught whereby to live.' Which of the two.' 234 The Lover slept. or the trials of ' those that love not ? And he answered ' Go. O Fool. ' is thy Beto die. The Lover wakened.

worthiness was I created. perseverance. and the more he felt of love and and the more perfectly grief. O ' Yea.' thy Beloved ? He answered 1 ' ' ' : ' ' 237 He ' Fool. of sighs and that tears. O : Fool. for which cause he lamented and wept. and be healed . dangers and exiles. and which possesses he the more perfectly ? ' 236 Say. and the Lover Love fell sick.' Wilt thou be a prisoner ? ' ' 238 Love tormented the Lover.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED more proper and more pleasing to the Lover. Love patience. who made him 75 to remember His virtue and honour. He And whence haft thou all these things ? And whence hast thou From love. .' adoration. wilt thou be free of all things ? answered: 'Yea. the more he loved.' answered From Himself alone. by his Beloved. ' whence hast thou thy needs ' ? From thoughts. for to praise His exceeding I may serve my Beloved. thoughts and trials. the more grievously did love afflict him . and the nearer came the Lover to his Beloved. did the Beloved heal him of his sickness. . save only of my Beloved.' ' Say. 239 and the Lover tended him with and hope. His Beloved called him to come to Him. from from trials and from perseverance. obedience and he was cured fell sick grew well. from longing.

and the Lover would have died had 243 Love destroyed faithful memory 244 tate : not revealed to him his Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED what is solitude ? He and companionship between Lover and Beloved. in bearing trials for love's sake or ' in enjoying pleasures ? The Lover took counsel with his Beloved. and those which come through afflictions are the perils come through of impatience. And for this cause the Lover 242 allowed .' And what are solace and companionship ? Solitude in the Lover's save his heart. all that was in the heart of his Lover that he might live and have free course in it .' The Beloved gave Love his freedom. answered : ' O Fool. wept. when he remembers naught 240 Say. and was sad at the dishonour which is paid to Love by the ungrateful among men and by false lovers. On two things the Lover was wont to medithe one was the Essence and the goodness of 76 . ' ' It is solace ' ' ' Beloved. and men to take him to themselves as much as would but scarce one was found who would they take him to his heart. and replied ' : The perils which pleasures are the perils of ignorance .' 241 They asked the Lover ' : In which is there greater danger.

but one of them only took life and put forth leaf that and gave flower and this single fruit from fruit. to the pleasures of this world and ' ' : unhappy sinners who dishonour and forget my Beloved in whose thoughts I would have no part nor lot. loved and honoured. and defended by those who despise my Beloved. reproved and He answered ' From those words it killed. The Lover was patient. Think you come many seeds ? may 77 . He knew not which of these was the more excellent and the more pleasing to the Beloved. tormented. wouldsl thou fain die ? 245 answered 'Yea. And the Lover preferred to be blamed and reproved in this wise. wisdom and power. served. and the Beloved shewed His justice. his Beloved. them.' ' 246 If thou speakesl truth. 248 The Beloved planted many seeds in the heart of His Lover.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED and the other was his Beloved's works. O Fool. since my Beloved has no part in the thoughts of the .' 247 False flatterers were speaking ill of the Lover one day in the presence of his Beloved. He Say. mocked.' : follows that if I spoke falsehoods I should be praised by men. thou wilt be beaten by men. O Fool. than to be one of those that falsely accused him.

And before Love stands the Beloved. and thus he cannot reach the Beloved unless he pass through Love. which between these two. and the Lover to rise toward the Beloved. And this ascending and descending is the being and the life of Love of that Love which makes the Lover to endure pain and which ever serves the Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 249 is Far above Love . were losing Beloved justice through ignorance but he rejoiced in the 78 . that his dress might be that of his Beloved. because of His manifold properties. in which are Lover. So the Lover desired to wear like crimson garments daily. ' : and infinite. ' Say. what did thy Beloved before the 252 ' He answered world was ? My Beloved loved. eternal. personal. O Fool. and on the left side is the Lover . made the Beloved to descend to the Lover. so that the Lover cannot first reach Love unless his thoughts and desires have passed through the Beloved.' 253 The Lover wept and was the sad. 251 The Beloved clothed Himself in the garment of His Lover. is the Beloved lies . that he might be His companion in glory for ever. and beyond is the Lover . 250 On the right side of Love stands the Beloved. Love and Beloved. when he saw his how unbelievers . far beneath it the Lover and Love.

who punishes those that know Him and are disobedient Which. which have greater harmony between themselves than nonexistence and imperfection. and again in the contrariety between virtue and vice . and again in His Being and perfection. as generation. 257 for If that his which increases the love of the Lover Beloved were falseness. If it were eternally is the contrary of non-existence corrupting and corrupted. His plurality and unity.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED of his Beloved. And if this were so. his sorrow or his his when he saw at seeing joy? And was his joy greater Beloved honoured than his sorrow ? Him despised 254 The Lover contemplated his Beloved in all the variety and harmony of His virtues . to the greater con- cordance of essence without contrariety. variety and harmony which the Lover in the Beloved revealed to him His secrets.' trary to being. . think you. it would be impossible that non-existence or end should harmonise with By these words the Lover saw in his corruption. 255 The found to wit. 256 They said to the Lover ' : Corruption is is con- opposed to it. . that which diminished it would be truth. which Beloved the principle of eternal generation. it would follow that there would be a want of the 79 . was greater.

258 if in The Lover praised his Beloved. extolled the power. The Lover and the will of his Beloved. he praised and loved Him too because it pleased Him to take his form and nature. had nothing existed.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED great and the true in the Beloved. the wisdom nor the will of the Beloved are an occasion of sin. for He had created him and given him all things and . . his Beloved must be simple. praised his 259 In the numbers 1 and 3 the Lover found greater harmony than between any others. save only sin power and wisdom and will. 260 from non-existence. And the greatest the Lover thought. And neither the power. and that there would be harmony in Him between the false and the mean. because by these numbers every bodily form passed to existence harmony of number. pure and present in Him were the essence and operation. 261 The Lover praised and loved his Beloved. was in the Unity and the Trinity of his Beloved. but for His things. the wisdom who had created all so that. And it may be 80 . And while the Lover Beloved thus. and said that greatest degree of perfection and the greatest possible freedom from imperfection. there was revealed to him the Trinity of his Beloved.

' Incarnation ' to bring about : And this reply provoked Which was the greater love ? the question again 263 The Lover went from door to door asking alms to keep in mind the love of his Beloved for His servants. humility and patience. or in redeeming him. and Love instructed him 81 and Patience. his praise or 262 Love tempted the wisdom of the Lover. and with sad and heavy thoughts he wrote down the words which He uttered . of his Beloved 265 With tears in his eyes the Lover described the Passion and the pains which his Beloved bore for love of him . and asked him whether the Beloved showed the greater love in taking his nature. Which had his love ? more of perfection. and bliss.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED asked. and the Lover not only pardoned them but gave them himself and his goods. how to love . 264 They asked pardon of the Lover. which are well-pleasing to the Beloved. 266 The Beloved taught His Lover in speech . and replied at last was destined to put away unthe happiness. for the love . and by mercy and hope he was comforted. And that redemption the Lover was perplexed. and to practise the virtues of poverty. G .

and yet poor . the 270 The Lover builded a fair Beloved might dwell . complaints and griefs he devotion and hope he adorned it city wherein his thoughts. and there the Beloved washed the 82 . if The Beloved asked men and is Lover. and to praise Him in those places wherein He was dishonoured.' I desire ? He answered have sold 269 Preach. faith. weep and fast. of love. 271 fortitude and temperance he The Lover drank of love at the fountain of the Beloved.' ' speak concerning thy So the Lover renounced world. and went forth lovingly to seek his Beloved. and with justice. O Fool.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED to bear afflictions for the love of Him to whom he had given himself 267 to be a servant. furnished it. . prudence. for such a price as would buy the whole my world.' 268 They asked ' the Lover ' : ' : Wilt thou it sell thy already to Beloved. builded it . tears. : they had seen His What are the ' the Beloved said rich : My Lover ardent yet fearful . joyful. * they asked ' qualities of fi> Thy Lover and pensive ? Him And . Beloved . sad and every day he grieves because of his love. with joy.

' 273 The Lover saw who . is Infinite Essence of greatness and a finite alT perfection. 274 The Lover defended said that the world his Beloved against those who eternal. there would be wanting in his Beloved perfection of wisdom and will. that the world was created so his that eternity should be more harmony with is Beloved. than with the world. and the world had suffered thereby. wherein ' : is the beginning of wisdom and devotion*. ' 275 Say. ' 272 ' It is He answered Say. nor. O Fool. which are a ladder whereby understanding may rise to a comprehension of the secrets of my Beloved. the world were eternal. could it be ordered for one end only . if it were not so ordered.' ? He answered In fa ith 83 . and for is this if no place or material order would suffice . and yet. if He justice restored not to every man his own body. saying that the of his Beloved would not be perfect. what is sin ? the turning and directing of the intention ' : away from the all final Cause and Intention for which things have been created by my in Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED Lover's feet. ' O Fool. which quantity and therefore the justice of his Beloved was before time and finite quantities were. though many a time he had despised and forgotten His greatness.

and many plates and knives of and silver. .' ' 278 or Say.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED ' 276 Where then have ' faith ' : and devotion In their beginning ? He answered the Lover my Beloved. who illumines faith and nurtures devotion. difference in unity plurality ' greater in plurality. who had many cups on his table. He answered is Save in my Be- loved. answered : O ' Lover. and harmony but in my Beloved they are equal in ' and in unity. agreement. desire for which ' false and vainglorious lovers they go after worth and achieve only worthlessness. what is true worth ? He .' 279 Say. ? ' O Fool. and impossibility and actuality.' ' '281 Knowesl thou. chamber had and in his coffers at the gates of his palace but few poor. hasT: : thou seen one without his ' reason I have seen a lord of the He answered Church. It is the opposite of this world's worth.' 277 ' They asked is ' : Which ' is greater : the possible or the impossible ? He answered The in my greater in man. and the impossible possible since power and possibility are in Beloved.' 280 Say. which ' is the greater ' : difference harmony . O ? Fool. and in his many garments and great wealth a great bed. Fool.

to desire Him and to praise His glorious Name. born of and of shame which men reproach.' And what is honour ? He answered It is to think on my Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED my Beloved.' continued the Lover. were a religious. too. ' What rule dost thou follow ' ' ? He Hast answered ? : ' My ' Beloved's. do not you that are religious take the Name of my Beloved ? May it to that which is not be that.' said ' : To whom ' : art ' thou vowed ' thou thy given to my ' Beloved..' he answered. 85 . hearing the voice of another. as you bear the love may grow less./ So the Lover was and wept.' He answered Nay.' '"Yea. you may not catch name of another. ' the voice of the Beloved ? 283 The trials and tribulations that the Lover endured for love's sake made him weary and apt to be i mpatient . and th ejno nks inquired of him if he. it added And already perfect. saying that he whom either trouble or happiness affected thus knew but contrite little of Jove. ' why.' loyalty ? It is ' ' fear of ' charity ' ' : 282 The Lover went one day into a cloister.' Hast thou added aught to the rule of ' He answered ' Naught can be thy Beloved ? will ? is : He To my Beloved. ' of the order of my Beloved. and the Beloved reproved him. and he" begged his Beloved to restore his love again. your and.

and the source of all my beginnings ' ' ? 286 Thee. love unites three things.' ' : which Fire gives 287 The Lover cried aloud and said its heat gives lightness. I come to walk in Thee. And in like manner love inflames And one 288 the thoughts. O Fool. what is love ? Love is that whicE throws the free into bondage. and that lightness warmth. binding them securely the one to the others.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED He answered 2^4^ Say. for Thou dost call me. love of my love and sum of my perfections. in the world ? ' And even as the writer is in his book.' They asked ' : the Lover ' : What is the world ' ? He answered which * ' It is a book for such as can read. ' O my I Beloved. gives lightness and draws on high. in is revealed my Beloved.' And who can say whether in love there is more of liberty ' ' : ' or of bondage ? 285 The Beloved called His Lover. and to those that are in bonds gives liberty. this wherein consists book 86 ' ? He answered ' : In . O answered Him. by for eternal life and eternal blessing. And I I hope greet Thee with Thine own Sign. saying ' : he my Beloved. draws on high.' said the Lover. yea. and What wilt Thou.' Yea. Thou who art the sight of my eyes. thought of my thoughts.' They asked him ' : He answered : Is thy Beloved. then.

who came to him with troubles. since my Beloved contains it all. O Lover. and to his Beloved concerning his ' Lord.' And who is poor ' ' 'He that ? 'He loves falsehood. which The Lover answered and said the Lord.' ' Say. or as the night by reason of the day which follows it. and tribulation. but as a piece of work. for 292 the ocean was of love.' 290 loved They asked ' the Lover ' : ' : Is the it world to be ? He answered Truly is. and is the world in my Beloved rather than Beloved in the world. for its artificer's sake. tears. 293 The Lover rejoiced in the Being of his Be- 87 . The Lover was in peril in the great ocean of and he trussed in his Beloved. which comes belongs to is this that ' ' : through the Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED my my 289 therefore Beloved. thoughts. that are One only ? It is pity.' ' shadow and makes no account of the rich ? ' that And whom doft thou call loves truth. ' to thee as a fool ? who is he that loves and seems He The Lover answered ' : that loves the truth. And the Lord and the Beloved said Who 291 his : makes division in Us.' J The Lover cried out to his Lord concerning Beloved.' love. sighs and griefs .

since Thou hast awakened in 88 me . and pardon.BOOK OF THE LOVE R AND THE BELOVED loved. 296 O Beloved. and made sub eel and constrained to honour and serve my Beloved. yet even I know Thy pardon and love. Thou knowest better than I who Thou art . for (said he) from His Being is all other Being j derived. or made greater or less. withdraw its brightness. and by It sustained. then. if it in darkness. it leaves all things and when it shines forth it brings the so is Even more my Beloved. by Thy greatness my desires.' ' Thou knowest my sinfulness. and Thy greatness makes all things small which are contrary to Thy honour and commandments. answered even as the sun which shines over all the world. O Beloved .' 295 My Beloved thoughts and my is is one. By no being can He be condemned or destroyed. for so great art Thou that all things which have remem' brance and joy and understanding of Thee are great . ' ' He What is the Being of thy Beloved ? 294 It is a bright ray throughout all things. my thoughts and my afflictions are made great . my my Beloved's unity pluralities . and in His unity love are united in one will . 297 be merciful. the source of plurality of all unities and His all pluralities and all and unities. ' : For day.

whether salvation or eternal punishment. and cause it to hate my shortcomings. can save me through Thy goodness. for the three together are one And how can this ' be in the image. visit my contrite heart.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED contrition death that and pain. The Beloved judged. and my failures and imBut let Thy power work its will in perfections. and the Lover destroyed.' me. draw water from mine eyes. O Beloved. that my will may love Thee . will. O Beloved. with feeling. in truth ? : ! The Beloved created. and the desire to die a shameful Thy Name may be thereby exalted. mercy and pardon.' 299 s 300 The Lover gazed at the rainbow. yet it can condemn me through Thy justice.' Thy power. unless it be so of itself. And he cried ' O marvellous distinction of three. and it seemed to him as though it were of three colours. draw truth from my will. and the Lover wept. and since Thy truth. and the Lover remained companionship of his Beloved. that I may honour Thy Name. 298 ' it is wholly perfection. 302 By verdant understanding and paths. for it bring O Truth that I love. Then the Beloved created glory again for the Lover. The 301 for ever in the Beloved finished His work. is sovereign. imagination. the Lover went in search of 89 .

pardon. On Thy part may there be mercy and pity. ' 306 love will My will. And in those paths the Lover en- dured griefs and he might lift up Beloved. that in my my love to Thee may be increased .' Beloved. The perfection of the Beloved uplifted His his own shortcomings cast him down. perseverance and remembrance of Thy sacred Passion. between and Thy good. if Thou why didst Thou will to create me. restoration and help . hast failings. help me also to descend my faults and my thoughts may the better rise again Thou made free to to desire.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED his Beloved. with sighs and tears. perils for his Beloved's sake. that his will who wills that and understanding to his His lovers may comprehend and love 303 Him exceedingly. O my Beloved. has by nature Lover. aidest me me thus to the to rise. O Thy honour or despise Thy worth. on mine let there be contrition. think you. and in 90 . remembrance and hatred of honour and praise Thee.' me to love. humility. Which of these two forces. and the greater power over the Lover ? 304 * my evil Thou hast placed me. that makest not. patience. and why didst Thou endure grief for my sake and bear Thy so grievous Passion ? Since Thou didst help 305 ' O Beloved. that my Beloved.

do Thou remember him in such possessions. 91 . never from Thy Lover. honoured Thy Lover. nor can Thee came fault nor Thy Lover grace attain to perfection but through Then. my will into danger. thoughts. and he spake words * : to his Beloved in these O Beloved. that I will. art sovereign liberality. grief in my heart. may place in servitude my free and praise Thy honour. Jesus Christ. than has this Thy Lover ' ? 309 The Lover wept. who in one Name. shouldst Thou who Thou be slow to wisdom and give Thy Lover tears. been less guilty of dishonouring Thy Name. O Beloved.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED granting me this liberty. Remember.' e 308 called O Beloved. hast then. O Beloved. griefs. hast And if Thou.' and multiply tears 307 ( O failing to Beloved. never wert Thou spari ng or aught but liberal to Thy Lover. why honourest not so Thou who knowingly have many ignorant men. Thou put Thy Lover in this danger. since the Lover has Thy Thee and mercy. in giving him (being) or in granting him many creatures to serve him. Then wherefore. Jesus Christ. art both God and Man. through none of his merits. greatly as God and Man. by that Name my will Thee so seeks to adore Beloved. in his perils and tribula- tions.

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED love that he may do honour to Thy Name ? So then.' 312 The Beloved had mercy upon His Lover. help to increase my And if Thou dost help sinners to lead just lives. and because of His Lover's needs. if Thou dost help just men against thoughts their mortal enemies. testimony of love. help Thy Lover that he may sacrifice his will to Thy glory and as to his body. that the lover may think upon God and love His grace and honour.' 311 The Lover made complaint to his Beloved of temptations which came to him daily to disturb his ' Such thoughts. that he may tread the martyr's path as a and desires for Thy honour. Which of those two reasons. And the Beloved answered him : temptations are occasions of recourse to the memory. you. Thy Lover asks of Thee long life that he may receive of Thee many of the gifts O aforesaid.' c 310 O Beloved. . Beloved. because of His perfect love. think strongly to moved the Beloved the more forgive His Lover's sins ? 313 Our Lady and cried to my Beloved the Saints and angels in glory ' Remember the errors into : which the world has fallen through ignorance. but 92 .

and love leads to love. And the 316 and tears afflictions for Beloved watches His Lover. Love comes from love. the vaster is his love . great the ignorance of Thine enemies. With his imagination the Lover formed and pictured his Beloved's Countenance in bodily wise.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED remember how how Beloved.' O and 314 The Lover lifted up the powers of his soul. and from the Divine Nature the powers of his soul descended. thoughts from thoughts from griefs . The straiter are the paths along which the Lover journeys to his Beloved. and the straiter his love. great is Thy justice. and with his understanding he beautified It in 93 . 317 who bears all these The desires of the Lover and his memories of the Beloved's greatness kept vigils and went on journeys and pilgrimages. His love. So that however it be the Lover receives love. and mounted the ladder of humanity to glory in the Divine Nature . And they brought to the Lover graces which lit up his understanding and made 318 his will to increase in love. trials and griefs. comforts and joys from his Beloved. as thoughts lead to tears and griefs to sighs. to glory in the human 315 nature of his Beloved. the broader are the paths.

his children and his friends. His sins and 94 . and both his thoughts and his love were increased. speak evil 322 The Lover heard men of his Be- loved. a day of tears with and a day of love came . but was sad he might be comforted. through a d^y^f^ibulations . for perceived His justice would punish the evil-speakers. In which of these two think you that the Lover believed more earnestly ? . at the and he_forgot-^ absence of his lord. that his Beloved. while His patience would await their contrition and repentance. 319 The Lover purchased of thoughts another ^ 320 The Lover was in a far country.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED spiritual things . But soon his wife.sick. and that his cause him neither vexation nor sorrow. 323 The Lovemfell . his 321 understanding beheld Him in them . exile might The Lover heard his Beloved's words . his will had pleasure in that which he heard . the memory of his Beloved returned to him. and with his will he worshipped It in all creatures. and made his testament with the counsel of his Beloved. and in this evil-speaking his understanding his Beloved's justice and patience . and his memory recalled his Beloved's virtues and His promises.

and he would have died had he not and had remembrance of his Beloved. sickness and tribulations . who healed him with hope and memory. Which of these two. cold heat. The taste of sweet things recalled to him the bitterness of temporal possessions and of entering and The enjoyment of earthly quitting this world. poverty and nakedness. 325 The Lover endured hunger and thirst.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED faults he bequeathed worldly pleasures to tears . penance and contrition . of discontent and pride. of old age and lasciviousness. pleasures made him feel how quickly this world passes.-between trials and in joys he lay down to sleep and in trials he joyS awakened. To his eyes he left to to his heart sighs of love . with the renunciation of this world and contempt for the revilings of men. was : nearer to the bed of the Lover ? 95 . And to his activity he bequeathed the guidance of unbelievers. and to Passion which his Beloved endured memory for love of him. to his his underthe standing his Beloved's graces. think you. contempt. '326 The Lover made his bed. 324 The_ scent of fl owers brought to the Lover's mind the evil stench of riches and meanness. who go to their doom through ignorance. and how the delights which are here so pleasant may be the occasion of eternal torments.

in patience he awak- ened. which it so far exceeds. And the one The ' The simple man is he ' other said The simple : who knows nothing. 329 said : Two men ' plicity. and he was city of his Beloved. For all these are contrary to simplicity. re- senting the revilings of men . until which love and death are the gates and the .' Another time they both inquired of him.' For simplicity is to exalt faith above understanding. did the Lover feel the more deeply the love of his Beloved or the scorn of men ? 328 to -. He answered of great sages is as a great heap of a few grains. were disputing concerning simthe one againsT: the other.' And the Lover came and said True simplicity has he who commits all his ways to my ' Beloved. The Lover thought upon he remembered the death. but 331 ' : 96 .' lives : man is he who without sin. afraid. entrance. over-subtle and presumptuous. think you. superfluous. curious.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 327 In anger the Lover lay down to sleep. remembering his Beloved. and in all that pertains to my Beloved it is to avoid completely all 330 things vain. asking that he would tell them if the science of the The science simple is a great one. Which.

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED the science of the simple less is a small neither grains. And those that it know not how to this. : ' even as love for Him is acquired by simplicity. but he could not. Love's messenger answered with all ' : In the House of God.' a which he greatly his Beloved prized. And the enemies of my Beloved are known by presumption and curiosity. and they asked Love's messenger where and in what thing the heart was most ardently inflamed with devotion and love. 97 H . know not what is truly to love Him. the jewel that ' the ads of thy Beloved ? : 333 Many lovers came together. because curiosity nor over-subtlety are ' ' heap of numberpresumption nor added to the heap And what is the work of preof simple men. and pride is the mother of p'relumptJonTand therefore is their work the work of vanity and pride. for He alone is Holiest of the holy..' 334 The Lover thought uponiiis__sjngx and for fear of hell he would fain have wept. and was sorely distressed.' The Lover replied sumption and curiosity ? Vanity is the mother of curiosity. when we humble o urselve s and adore Him do our powers . until 332 The Lover lost jewel ' Which profiteth thee put to him this question thou hadst or thy patience in all more.

while the tears of fear gave him him sorrow and tribulation. 'i ^ So he begged Love to give him tears. and his soul journey along those roads in its Beloved's company. for tears of love are more pleasing Him than tears shed through fear. but for the love of his Beloved rather than for the pains of hell to . and he feared lest through those hindrances his. works might be lost. and Wisdom answered that he must weep earnestly and often. on the one hand. 336 337 The Lover had to journey long over roads . that by love and not by fear he might honour his Beloved. and. carrying theJbteavy 1 Love makes burdened and the time came when burden that bear. few and small tears for fear. and. But the Beloved sent consciousness to him. his heart 98 . and he awakened to the merits and powers of his Beloved. 335 The Lover obeyed Wisdom . So the Lover unof this his soul of the cares anct"p*leasures might bear the weight with world. trials The Lover fell asleep while thinking on the and the obstacles which he met in serving his Beloved . And solace the tears which he shed for love brought and rest. he shed many and great tears for love's sake.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED . that were rough and hard his lovers to he should set out. [that more ease. on the other.

Which of these two mirrors. The Lover gazed upon himself that he might 341 be a mirror in which to behold his Beloved . think you. and the Lover made neither reply nor defence of his Beloved. think you. Fervour bore him along and fear preserved him from danger. and he gazed upon his Beloved. And while the Lover was journeying thus. was the nearer to his understanding ? 342 They asked the Lover in what 99 manner the h 2 . he found sighs which brought him greetings from his Through which of these four comthink you that the Lover received the panions greatest consolation in his Beloved ? and tears.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED 338 Before the Lover. Which. his conceived subtleties and his will understanding loved Him more and more. or the Lover Him not ? men who spoke ill of the who was silent and defended his Beloved. In which of the two 339 As the Lover contemplated think you that memory grew more thinking on the Beloved ? fruitful in 340 With fervour and fear the Lover journeyed abroad to honour his Beloved. as in a mirror wherein he could learn to know himself. was the more to be blamed. the Beloved. one day. Beloved. they spoke ill of the Beloved.

Medicine and Law met the Lover. and inquired of him He reWhat means thy . : all men love not thy that love Beloved ? He answered They Him sin. or the black art. but the other two were glad. think you. think you. man was turned towards He answered them and ' the love of his said ' : Even as the sunflower turns to the sun. by the path of the senses and also by the jnt ellectual _road. in disguise. work of the sovereign Master. What. then. The first wept.' said the Lover It is 'it is no science.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED heart of Beloved. but necromancy. as he went after which of them did the Beloved reveal Himself to him the more openly ? 345 The Lover met an astrologer. that was the meaning of these happenings was seeking his Beloved ? to the Lover 344 Full of tears and anguish the Lover went in search of his Beloved. did he enter his Beloved ? And in first.' that ' How ' is it. ioo At all times it has . Thou art deceived.astrologyj? ' ' : * plied ' : It is a science that foretells things to come.' . and the science of deceiving and lying prophets which dishonour the one falsely so called. Which of those two ways. who asked them if they had seen his Beloved. because of their 343 Theology and Philosophy. the second was doubtful.' not have night in their hearts.

' The Lover went forth. and it runs clean contrary to the providence of my Beloved.' bitterly. crying Oh. and two gifts is the greater and nobler. and on the other side all that they have given to the world. investing them with the names of God and of good and profaning holy things with figures and and by writings. for in place of the evils which it threatens He promises good 346 vain things. all Lover wept errors are implanted in the world. will 347 cause At the Day of Judgment the Beloved all that men have given Him in this world to be placed on one side. And through presumption images angels. how who follow after lust of knowledge are all they : ! ' For through lust of knowledge and presumption fall into the greatest depths of impiety. for all the insults And the which are offered to his Beloved by ignorant men. itself The Lover's will was enamoured of ' : and Is it more like the understanding asked Beloved to love oneself or to love the Beloved ? For the Beloved is to be loved more than anything 101 . Thus it shall be clearly seen to which of 348 the their what extent they have loved Him.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED been the messenger of evil tidings . do they insulting the Name of God and with curses and incantations invoking evil spirits as good angels.

and meats. Sign he wore ever upon him. towards the south and east.' Because there is nothing with which the so ? Say.' 350 One day perceived that he the Lover was at prayer. and it brought the Truth 352 to his remembrance. and at each of its four extremities he had That a precious jewel set. ' : ' ' Creator can make nobler a creature. and women. think you. towards the north. what is the greatest and noblest He answered be found in the creature ? And why That which is one with the Creator. thinking The Lover was walking 102 on his Beloved. and sons. pensively. And thereupon were his eyes wet with and pain. and in order that he might weep he bade his thoughts to think upon wealth. And therefore he caused that Sign to be engraven.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED beside. and he wept not . 351 tears. and his soul was in sorrow One day the Lover was looking towards the and towards the west. And his understanding found that men have each of the things aforesaid to their servants than has his Beloved.' will With what answer. and he found on the way many people . and more vainglory. as bright as the sun. and he espied the Sign of his Beloved. could the reply to the understanding most truly ? make ' 349 ' love to ' O Fool.

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
and great multitudes who asked him for news. And the Lover, who was rejoicing in his Beloved, gave them not that which they asked of him, and said that he could not reply to their words without departing far from his Beloved.

Behind and before was the Lover vested in Love said love, and he went seeking his Beloved. He Where goes!: thou, O Lover ? to him thou mayest answered :' I go to my Beloved, that
353
'

'

:

be increased.'
'

Say, 354 answered
:

O

Fool,

what

is'

Rel igion

'

?

He

Purity of thought, ancTlongirig for death by which the Beloved may be honoured, and renouncing the world, that nothing may hinder

one from contemplating of His Name.'
'

Him and

speaking truth

355

Say,

O

Fool, what are
' '

trials, sighs,
'
:

laments,

afflictions, perils, tears ?

of the Beloved.'

He answered And why are they so

The
'

joys

*

?

That

He may be the more

deeply loved by reason of them, and the Lover be the more bounteously rewarded.'

356 The Lover passed through divers places and found many men who were rejoicing, laughing and singing and living in great joy and comfort. And he wonderejiif this world were meant for laughing
or for weeping.

103

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
357

So the Virtues 'came,

to
:

pronounce upon that
'

question. because the faithless are
believers.'

And

Faith said
said
'

It

is

for

weeping,
the

more

in

number than

Hope weeping, because few are those that hope in God, whereas many put their truft in the riches of earth.' Charity said
:

It is for

:

*

It is for

love

God

weeping, because so few areTriose that and their neighbour.' And there followed
all.

the other Virtues, and so declared they

358

The lovers sought

to

prove Love's messenger,

and they

said that they should go through the world,

crying that worshippers muft honour servants as servants and the Lord as a lord, so that their requests might better be heard, and because there needs not
to love, save the Beloved.

They asked Love's messenger whence came Beloved so many useless servants, viler, more abject, and more contemptible than secular men.
359
to the

Love's

messenger

answered
the

come through

the fault

and said of those whose task
:

'

They
it is

to

furnish their Sovereign, Beloved, with servants.
as

King of Kings, the They make no question, they ought, concerning the wisdom nor the lives

whom they choose. And they will not take for His train they allow to serve the Eternal King in His palace, and
nor the habits of those
those

whom

in the

most holy ministry of His Table.
104

Wherefore

BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED
ought they to fear the severed retributions when they are called by the Beloved to their account.'
360

They asked
dies ?
c
'

the Lover

'
:

In which

is

love

greater, in the

who
dies.'

Lover who He answered
' '

lives
c
:

or in the Lover

In the Lover

who
lives

for love

And why ? it may yet be
it

Because in one
greater, but in

who

one who

dies for love

can be no greater.'

361

Two

lovers

met

:

the

one

revealed

his

Beloved, and the other learned of Him. And it was disputed which of those two was nearer to his

Beloved

;

and

in

the

solution

the

Lover

took

knowledge of the demonstration of the Trinity.
'

362

Say,
'

O

Fool,

why

dost thou speak with such
' :

subtlety

?

He answered

That

I

may

raise

my

understanding
ness,

to the height of

and that thereby more and serve Him.'
363

my Beloved's greatmen may honour, love

the wine of and love for his Beloved. memory, understanding And that wine the Beloved made bitter with His

The Lover drank deeply of

Lover's tears.

Love heated and inflamed the Lover with remembrance of his Beloved ; and the Beloved cooled his ardour, with sorrows and tears and forgetfulness of the delights of this world, and the
364
105

that they might think the more deeply upon the next.' ' is imprisons love.' Printed in England at THE BALLANTYNE PRES3 SPOTTISWOODB. ' Say. BALLANTYNE * COj LTD. what is It love and serve my ? He this_world ? of those that the prison-house ' And who is he that Beloved. when he remembered wherefore he suffered grief and affMion. honour and glory all throughout the world. be ever given praise. bless to whom and glorify the Beloved everlastingly. pity 'To eternal bliss. renunciation and contrition.' ' 'In thoughts of the world to and sustenance ? come.' frees them ? that Mercy. fear.' Wherefore they that had inquired of him ' prepared to renounce this world. where they shall ' ' ' laud. Colchester. and are they then sent ? where the joyful company of true lovers.' ' And and justice. and the : ' He answered ' ' And who is he companionship of wilful men. They asked the Lover this question Wherein In the deThe Lover answered love ? : ' ' ' : And whence has it life lights of this world. and that their love might live and find nourishment. 366 answered : O ' Fool. London & Eton . them Conscience. and 365 dies trials.BOOK OF THE LOVER AND THE BELOVED So his love grew. and the men of the world persecutions renunciation of vainglories.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful