Diesel is used to run diesel engines that are used in cars, trucks, motorbikes etc.

Some varieties of diesel are also used in running heating systems in houses. Bad quality (high sulfur) diesel fuel has been used as a palladium extraction agent for the liquid-liquid extraction of this metal from nitric acid mixtures. Petrol is primarily used to run petrol engines in cars, motorbikes etc. Paraffin, another byproduct of crude oil produced at 190-250 degrees is used as airline fuel. Diesel-powered cars generally have a better fuel economy than equivalent gasoline engines and produce less greenhouse gas emission. Their greater economy is due to the higher energy perliter content of diesel fuel and the intrinsic efficiency of the diesel engine. While petro diesel¶s higher density results in higher greenhouse gas emissions per liter compared to gasoline,[14] the 20±40% better fuel economy achieved by modern diesel-engine automobiles offsets the higher per-liter emissions of greenhouse gases, and a diesel-powered vehicle emits 10-20 percent less greenhouse gas than comparable gasoline vehicles.[15][16][17] Biodiesel-powered diesel engines offer substantially improved emission reductions compared to petro diesel or gasoline-powered engines, while retaining most of the fuel economy advantages over conventional gasolinepowered automobiles. However, the increased compression ratios mean there are increased emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) from diesel engines. This is compounded by biological nitrogen in biodiesel to make NOx emissions the main drawback of diesel versus gasoline engines

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