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## Sections

A steady current is flowing through a straight wire of finite length.

Part A

Find , the magnitude of the magnetic field generated by this wire at a point P located a distance from
the center of the wire. Assume that at P the angle subtended from the midpoint of the wire to each end is
as shown in the diagram .

Hint A.1Formula for the magnetic field of a current-carrying wire (Biot-Savart law)

Hint not displayed

Hint A.2Simplify the vector integral

Hint not displayed

Hint A.3Find

Hint not displayed

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Hint A.4Find

Hint not displayed

.

=

Correct

The magnetic field for an infinitely long wire can be obtained by setting

in the previous

expression. This gives a magnetic field

,

which you probably derived in an earlier problem or in lecture using the Biot-Savart law.

Part B

Now find , the magnetic field generated by this wire at a point P located a distance from either end of
the wire. Assume that at P the angle subtended from the end of the wire to the other end is

as shown

in the diagram .

Hint B.1

How to approach the problem

Hint not displayed

Hint B.2

Limiting value of

Hint not displayed

, and

.

=

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All attempts used; correct answer displayed

Setting

in the previous expression yields the magnetic field for a semi-infinite wire:

,

which is in fact just half the value of the magnetic field due to an infinitely long wire. This difference
results from the point chosen being close to one of the ends of the wire. Such "end effects" for
noninfinite wires always change the magneic field near that point.

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