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Test 2

Due: 11:59pm on Sunday, February 27, 2011

Note: You will receive no credit for late submissions. To learn more, read your instructor's Grading Policy [Switch to Standard Assignment View]

Problem 28.62

A pair of long, rigid metal rods, each of length , lie parallel to each other on a perfectly smooth table. Their each(the figure ) and ends are connected by identical, very light conducting springs of force constant negligible unstretched length. If a current through this circuit, the springs will stretch. runs

Part A At what separation will the rods remain at rest? Assume that the rods will be much less than . , , and appropriate constants ( , and ). is large enough so that the separation of

Express your answer in terms of the variables , ANSWER: = Correct

**Test Your Understanding 28.2: Magnetic Field of a Current Element
**

An infinitesimal current element located at the origin ( -direction. Part A Rank the following locations in order of the strength of the magnetic field that the current element produces at that location, from largest to smallest value. ) carries current in the negative

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ANSWER: Two long, parallel transmission lines, Part A

Exercise 28.22

apart, carry 23.0and 77.0currents.

Find all locations where the net magnetic field of the two wires is zero if these currents are in the same direction. Assume that the positive axis is directed from the 77.0- wire to the 23.0View to the wires, with attempts used; correct answer displayed All the origin on the 77.0- wire. ANSWER: The strength d current is wire perpendicular

= 32.3 of the magnetic field due to an infinitesimal current element of length Correct

carrying

Part B Here is the distance from the current element to the point at which the field is measured, and is Find all locations where the net magnetic field of the two wires is zero if these currents are in the opposite direction. between the direction of the current element the angle and the direction of the vector from the Assume that the positive axis is directed from the 77.0- wire to the 23.0 element to . In this situation points in the negative -direction, so to the wires, with the origin on the 77.0- wire. , , : Here and . The vectors and perpendicular, so ANSWER: = , sin Correct : Here , sin and . The vectors and are , and we get wire perpendicular . are

,

,

perpendicular, so

, and again we get

Problem 28.55

in the same direction.

Two identical circular, wire loops 36.0

in diameter each carry a current of 1.20

These loops are parallel to each other and are 26.0 The apart. Line is and normal to the plane of the loops and , , : Here and . vectors are opposite to passes through their centers. A proton is fired at 2050 perpendicular to line ab from a point midway each other, so , sin , and d = 0. between the centers of the loops. , , : Here and . The vectors and Part A are perpendicular, so , sin , and we get

Find the magnitude of the magnetic force these loops exert on the proton just after it is fired. ANSWER: , 1.47×10 Correct are at an angle , and , so sin = . We get . The vectors and

,

,

: Here

and Problem 27.67

. The vectors

and

are at an angle , so and A straight piece of conducting wire with mass sin =length . Weplaced get a frictionless incline tilted at an is again on angle from the horizontal (the figure ). There is a at all points

uniform, vertical magnetic field

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(produced by an arrangement of magnets not shown in the figure). To keep the wire from sliding down the incline, a voltage source is attached to the ends of the wire. When just the right amount of current flows through the wire, the wire remains at rest.

Part A Determine the magnitude of the current in the wire that will cause the wire to remain at rest. Express your answer in terms of the variables ANSWER: = Correct , , , , and appropriate constants.

Part B Determine the direction of the current in the wire that will cause the wire to remain at rest. ANSWER:

The current in the wire must be directed from left to right. The current in the wire must be directed from right to left. Correct

Part C In addition viewing the wire from its left-hand end, show in a free-body diagram all the forces that act on the wire. Draw the force vectors with their tails at the dot. The orientation of your vectors will be graded. The exact length of your vectors will not be graded but the relative length of one to the other will be graded. ANSWER:

View All attempts used; correct answer displayed

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Problem 27.70

A plastic circular loop of radius and a positive charge is distributed uniformly around the circumference of the loop. The loop is then rotated around its central axis, perpendicular to the plane of the loop, with angular speed . Part A If the loop is in a region where there is a uniform magnetic field calculate the magnitude of the magnetic torque on the loop. Express your answer in terms of the variables , ANSWER: = Correct , , and . directed parallel to the plane of the loop,

Exercise 27.13

An open plastic soda bottle with an opening diameter of 2.4 is placed on a table. A uniform 1.85magnetic field directed upward and oriented 22 from vertical encompasses the bottle. Part A What is the total magnetic flux through the plastic of the soda bottle? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER:

−4 = −7.8×10 Correct

**Exercise 27.19: Fusion Reactor
**

If two deuterium nuclei (charge , mass ) get close enough together, the attraction of the strong nuclear force will fuse them to make an isotope of helium, releasing vast amounts of energy. The range of this force is about . This is the principle behind the fusion reactor. The deuterium nuclei are moving much too fast to be contained by physical walls, so they are confined magnetically. Part A How fast would two nuclei have to move so that in a head-on collision they would get close enough to fuse? (Treat the nuclei as point charges, and assume that a separation of is required for fusion.) Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 8.4×106

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All attempts used; correct answer displayed

Part B What strength magnetic field is needed to make deuterium nuclei with this speed travel in a circle of diameter 2.20 ? Express your answer using two significant figures. ANSWER: = 0.16 All attempts used; correct answer displayed

**Problem 27.84 Derivation of equation tau=mu*B for a Circular Current Loop
**

A wire ring lies in the xy-plane with its center at the origin. The ring carries a counterclockwise current figure ). A uniform magnetic field -direction, is in the (the

(The result is easily extended to

in an arbitrary direction.) In the figure you can see that the element .

Part A Find . , , , , , , .

Express your answer in terms of the variables , ANSWER: = Correct

Part B Integrate around the loop to find the net force. , , , , , , .

Express your answer in terms of the variables ,

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ANSWER:

= 0 Correct

Part C From part A, find the element . (Note that , where is perpendicular to , , , , , , . is the vector from the center of the loop to

Express your answer in terms of the variables , ANSWER: = Correct

Part D Integrate over the loop to find the total torque on the loop. , , , , , , .

Express your answer in terms of the variables , ANSWER: = Correct

Part E Show that the result can be written as , where , and . (Note: .)

Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer:

**Test Your Understanding 28.4: Magnetic Force Between Parallel Conductors
**

Three long, parallel wires each carry current adjacent wires is . in the directions shown in the figure. The separation between

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Part A What is the direction of the net magnetic force on each wire due to the other two wires? ANSWER:

wire #1 upward, wire #2 zero force, wire #3 downward wire #1 upward, wire #2 zero force, wire #3 upward wire #1 upward, wire #2 upward, wire #3 downward wire #1 downward, wire #2 upward, wire #3 downward wire #1 downward, wire #2 zero force, wire #3 downward wire #1 upward, wire #2 downward, wire #3 upward wire #1 downward, wire #2 zero force, wire #3 upward wire #1 downward, wire #2 downward, wire #3 upward Correct

The force per unit length on each of two long wires separated by a distance and has magnitude

and carrying currents

The force is attractive if the two currents are in the same direction and repulsive if the currents are in opposite directions. In this situation the current is the same in all three wires, so Wire #1 feels an upward (repulsive) force from wire #2, for which force from wire #3, for which , and a downward (attractive)

. The net force is upward, since wire #2 is closer to wire #1 and so

exerts a greater force. Wire #2 feels a downward (repulsive) force from wire #1 and an upward (repulsive) force from wire #3. For each force , so the two forces on wire #2 have the same magnitude and hence cancel. Thus, the net force on wire #2 is zero. Wire #3 feels an upward (attractive) force from wire #1, for which force from wire #2, for which so exerts a greater force. , and a downward (repulsive)

. The net force is downward, since wire #2 is closer to wire #3 and

**Test Your Understanding 28.5: Magnetic Field of a Circular Current Loop
**

A circular loop of wire lies in a horizontal plane and carries a current as shown in the figure. A positively (at the center of charged particle moves upward along the axis of the loop, starting from a point below point

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the loop).

Part A What is the direction of the magnetic force that the loop exerts on the charged particle as it moves? ANSWER:

downward at all times during the particle's motion zero at all times during the particle's motion downward when the particle is below upward when the particle is below , upward when the particle is above

, downward when the particle is above

upward at all times during the particle's motion none of the above Correct

At points along the loop axis, the magnetic field axis. Since the velocity

due to the current in the loop is directed along the equals zero.

of the particle is also along this axis, the vector product , is likewise zero.

Hence, the magnetic force on the particle,

Problem 28.65

A circular wire loop of radius carries current has turns and carries a current . A second loop with turns of radius and is located on the axis of the first loop, a distance from the center of the first loop. is

The second loop is tipped so that its axis is at an angle large compared to both Part A and .

from the axis of the first loop. The distance

Find the magnitude of the torque exerted on the second loop by the first loop.

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ANSWER: = Correct

Part B Find the magnitude of the potential energy for the second loop due to this interaction. ANSWER: = Correct

Part C What simplifications result from having much larger than ? From having much larger than ?

Essay answers are limited to about 500 words (3800 characters maximum, including spaces). ANSWER: My Answer:

Exercise 28.1

A +6.00 point charge is moving at a constant 8.50×106 in the , relative to a reference frame. At the instant when the point charge is at the origin of this reference frame, what is the magnetic-field vector it produces at the following points.

**Part A , Enter your answers numerically separated by commas. ANSWER: , ,
**

−5 = 0,0,−2.04×10 Correct

Part B , ,

Enter your answers numerically separated by commas. ANSWER: , , = 0,0,0 Correct

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Part C , ,

**Enter your answers numerically separated by commas. ANSWER: , ,
**

−5 = 2.04×10 ,0,0 Correct

Part D , ,

**Enter your answers numerically separated by commas. ANSWER: , ,
**

−6 = 7.21×10 ,0,0 Correct

Score Summary:

Your score on this assignment is 69.9%. You received 69.9 out of a possible total of 100 points.

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