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MOBILITYENERGYVISION

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1 MAY 2011

ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN

MOBILITYENERGYVISION 1 1 MAY 2011 ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL

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MOBILITYENERGYVISION 1 1 MAY 2011 ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGYVISION 1 1 MAY 2011 ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
MOBILITYENERGYVISION 1 1 MAY 2011 ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
APPENDIX
APPENDIX

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN

1 May 2011

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APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN 1 May 2011 . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN 1 May 2011 . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN 1 May 2011 . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY ANAM NEW CITY MASTER PLAN 1 May 2011 . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

From all walks of life,

throughout Nigeria and

across the world, Anam

people have joined together

to build a new city.

.

.

and across the world, Anam people have joined together to build a new city. . .
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
and across the world, Anam people have joined together to build a new city. . .
and across the world, Anam people have joined together to build a new city. . .
and across the world, Anam people have joined together to build a new city. . .

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

APPENDIXVISION VISION MOBILITYENERGY Africa has the highest rate of urbanization in human history. Nigeria is the
APPENDIXVISION VISION MOBILITYENERGY Africa has the highest rate of urbanization in human history. Nigeria is the

Africa has the highest rate of

urbanization in human history.

Nigeria is the most populous

nation on the continent today.

Nigeria is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and
Nigeria is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and
Nigeria is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and
Nigeria is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and

.

is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and health
is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and health
is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and health
is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and health
is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and health
is the most populous nation on the continent today. . But poor facilities, congestion and health

But poor facilities,

congestion and health

hazards in cities

degrade quality of life

and the environment.

.

and health hazards in cities degrade quality of life and the environment. . ANAM MODEL LAND
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
and health hazards in cities degrade quality of life and the environment. . ANAM MODEL LAND
and health hazards in cities degrade quality of life and the environment. . ANAM MODEL LAND
and health hazards in cities degrade quality of life and the environment. . ANAM MODEL LAND

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

Our men and women, young

and old, are drawn to cities for

better opportunities,

young and old, are drawn to cities for better opportunities, ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
drawn to cities for better opportunities, ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY while our rural communities
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY

while our rural communities

MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY while our rural communities are neglected, with deteriorating infrastructure. . .

are neglected, with

MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY while our rural communities are neglected, with deteriorating infrastructure. . .
deteriorating infrastructure. . . 6 7
deteriorating infrastructure.
.
.
6
7

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

Our challenge is to create

opportunity at the local level,

without destroying the natural

environment and traditional

ways of life.

.

.

without destroying the natural environment and traditional ways of life. . . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
without destroying the natural environment and traditional ways of life. . . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
without destroying the natural environment and traditional ways of life. . . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
without destroying the natural environment and traditional ways of life. . . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

Anam New City is an emerging

model for sustainable

development in Africa.

.

.

Anam New City is an emerging model for sustainable development in Africa. . . ANAM MODEL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
Anam New City is an emerging model for sustainable development in Africa. . . ANAM MODEL
Anam New City is an emerging model for sustainable development in Africa. . . ANAM MODEL
Anam New City is an emerging model for sustainable development in Africa. . . ANAM MODEL

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

Off grid, dynamic, and

integrated with our unique

ecology.

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Transforming historical

challenges into future

innovations.

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ecology. . Transforming historical challenges into future innovations. . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 12
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
ecology. . Transforming historical challenges into future innovations. . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 12
ecology. . Transforming historical challenges into future innovations. . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 12
ecology. . Transforming historical challenges into future innovations. . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 12

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

Quality social services for

our collective progress,

and a stronger local

economy for our present

and future generations.

.

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and a stronger local economy for our present and future generations. . . ANAM MODEL LAND
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
and a stronger local economy for our present and future generations. . . ANAM MODEL LAND
and a stronger local economy for our present and future generations. . . ANAM MODEL LAND
and a stronger local economy for our present and future generations. . . ANAM MODEL LAND

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

A model respective of our

traditions and rooted in our

cultural heritage

.

.

A model respective of our traditions and rooted in our cultural heritage . . ANAM MODEL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
A model respective of our traditions and rooted in our cultural heritage . . ANAM MODEL
A model respective of our traditions and rooted in our cultural heritage . . ANAM MODEL
A model respective of our traditions and rooted in our cultural heritage . . ANAM MODEL

APPENDIXVISIONVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

Together with pride in our

community,

.

we will create a brighter

future for our children.

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in our community, . we will create a brighter future for our children. . ANAM MODEL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
in our community, . we will create a brighter future for our children. . ANAM MODEL
in our community, . we will create a brighter future for our children. . ANAM MODEL
in our community, . we will create a brighter future for our children. . ANAM MODEL

APPENDIXVISION

APPENDIXANAM

MOBILITYENERGY

Anam Model Land Water Social Design Economy Energy Mobility
Anam
Model
Land
Water
Social Design
Economy
Energy
Mobility

.

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VISIONLand Water Social Design Economy Energy Mobility . . GOALS ANAM HISTORY COMMUNITY APPROACH LOGIC &

Water Social Design Economy Energy Mobility . . VISION GOALS ANAM HISTORY COMMUNITY APPROACH LOGIC &

GOALS

ANAM HISTORYSocial Design Economy Energy Mobility . . VISION GOALS COMMUNITY APPROACH LOGIC & PARAMETERS SYSTEMS &

COMMUNITY APPROACHEconomy Energy Mobility . . VISION GOALS ANAM HISTORY LOGIC & PARAMETERS SYSTEMS & APPROACH AGROPOLITAN

LOGIC & PARAMETERSMobility . . VISION GOALS ANAM HISTORY COMMUNITY APPROACH SYSTEMS & APPROACH AGROPOLITAN MODEL LAND USE

SYSTEMS & APPROACHGOALS ANAM HISTORY COMMUNITY APPROACH LOGIC & PARAMETERS AGROPOLITAN MODEL LAND USE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURE

AGROPOLITAN MODELAPPROACH LOGIC & PARAMETERS SYSTEMS & APPROACH LAND USE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURE WATER USE FLOODING

LAND USE& PARAMETERS SYSTEMS & APPROACH AGROPOLITAN MODEL GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURE WATER USE FLOODING WATER

GREEN INFRASTRUCTUREPARAMETERS SYSTEMS & APPROACH AGROPOLITAN MODEL LAND USE AGRICULTURE WATER USE FLOODING WATER QUALITY SOCIAL &

AGRICULTUREAPPROACH AGROPOLITAN MODEL LAND USE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE WATER USE FLOODING WATER QUALITY SOCIAL & CULTURAL SEED

WATER USEAGROPOLITAN MODEL LAND USE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURE FLOODING WATER QUALITY SOCIAL & CULTURAL SEED PROJECTS

FLOODINGMODEL LAND USE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURE WATER USE WATER QUALITY SOCIAL & CULTURAL SEED PROJECTS URBAN

WATER QUALITYLAND USE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURE WATER USE FLOODING SOCIAL & CULTURAL SEED PROJECTS URBAN DESIGN ECONOMIC

SOCIAL & CULTURALINFRASTRUCTURE AGRICULTURE WATER USE FLOODING WATER QUALITY SEED PROJECTS URBAN DESIGN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MARKET VALUE

SEED PROJECTSWATER USE FLOODING WATER QUALITY SOCIAL & CULTURAL URBAN DESIGN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN

URBAN DESIGNFLOODING WATER QUALITY SOCIAL & CULTURAL SEED PROJECTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN SYSTEM

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTQUALITY SOCIAL & CULTURAL SEED PROJECTS URBAN DESIGN MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN SYSTEM RENEWABLE SOURCES

MARKETCULTURAL SEED PROJECTS URBAN DESIGN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT VALUE ADDED CHAIN SYSTEM RENEWABLE SOURCES DISTRIBUTED

VALUE ADDED CHAIN SYSTEMSEED PROJECTS URBAN DESIGN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MARKET RENEWABLE SOURCES DISTRIBUTED ENERGY NETWORK WASTE TO ENERGY

RENEWABLE SOURCESDESIGN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN SYSTEM DISTRIBUTED ENERGY NETWORK WASTE TO ENERGY TRANSPORTATION

DISTRIBUTED ENERGY NETWORKMARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN SYSTEM RENEWABLE SOURCES WASTE TO ENERGY TRANSPORTATION MODES VIAS ADDENDUM GLOSSARY

WASTE TO ENERGYCHAIN SYSTEM RENEWABLE SOURCES DISTRIBUTED ENERGY NETWORK TRANSPORTATION MODES VIAS ADDENDUM GLOSSARY KEY SITE TERMS

TRANSPORTATIONRENEWABLE SOURCES DISTRIBUTED ENERGY NETWORK WASTE TO ENERGY MODES VIAS ADDENDUM GLOSSARY KEY SITE TERMS (IGBO)

MODESDISTRIBUTED ENERGY NETWORK WASTE TO ENERGY TRANSPORTATION VIAS ADDENDUM GLOSSARY KEY SITE TERMS (IGBO) Contents 23

VIASENERGY NETWORK WASTE TO ENERGY TRANSPORTATION MODES ADDENDUM GLOSSARY KEY SITE TERMS (IGBO) Contents 23 53

ADDENDUMENERGY NETWORK WASTE TO ENERGY TRANSPORTATION MODES VIAS GLOSSARY KEY SITE TERMS (IGBO) Contents 23 53

GLOSSARYNETWORK WASTE TO ENERGY TRANSPORTATION MODES VIAS ADDENDUM KEY SITE TERMS (IGBO) Contents 23 53 77

KEY SITE TERMS (IGBO)WASTE TO ENERGY TRANSPORTATION MODES VIAS ADDENDUM GLOSSARY Contents 23 53 77 105 123 153 161

Contents

23

53

77

105

123

153

161

179

193

SITE TERMS (IGBO) Contents 23 53 77 105 123 153 161 179 193 ANAM MODEL MODEL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER WATER
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL SOCIAL
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY ECONOMY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
ENERGY
ENERGY
MOBILITY
MOBILITY
105 123 153 161 179 193 ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND LAND WATER WATER SOCIAL SOCIAL ECONOMY

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM Nigeria
ANAM
Nigeria

Context

Anambra State
Anambra State
ANAM CITY Agropolitan Region
ANAM CITY
Agropolitan Region

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Anam

1. Overview

2. Goals

3. The Anam Model

4. Background

5. A Brief History

6. Regional Context

7. Demographics & Economy

8. Life in a Riverine Area

9. Environmental Setting

10. Community Approach

11. What would you do with 5,000,000 naira?

12. Design & Planning Process

13. Regulatory Network

Ejiri atumatu di mkpa na obodo

were ruputa obodo Anam. Ezigbo

ndu maka ndudugandu nke otu

mba uwa niile. Obodo Anam ga

eji oke technonzu were chekwa obodo ha, makwa weta aku na odimma maka mmadu nile.

Anam City is a new city for the Rebirth of Anam. It is built on the history, culture and tradition of Anam people. It considers present needs and depends on everyone to help build a better life for future generations.

.

on everyone to help build a better life for future generations. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
on everyone to help build a better life for future generations. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
on everyone to help build a better life for future generations. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
on everyone to help build a better life for future generations. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM

Overview

The Master Plan

This Master Plan presents the guiding vision for Anam New City (ANAM), a new settlement to be designed and constructed in Anambra State, Nigeria. This document is a strategic framework that will lead best development practices over the next generation. As a new model for African development, this Master Plan provides an actionable structure that supports justice for both natural resources and human society. While the Master Plan will guide the immediate community in their current process of urban restructure, it also addresses a universal goal for self-sufficiency, and can serve two main purposes:

1. To establish development principles for the new ANAM city beginning in Anambra State, Nigeria.

2. To present a model for sustainable African development to the global public.

The Master Plan is an active document, intended to evolve in response to continued research, policy development and the needs of the communities and stakeholders involved. Nevertheless, this visioning document will be used to ensure cohesiveness and continuity over the future development horizon. Therefore, this document is the foundation against which future planning projects can be evaluated for consistency; such a framework for decision-making will help support the success of their initiatives.

The ANAM New City Master Plan should be viewed as general, action- oriented, value-based and long range:

General: It establishes policies that anticipate the future through general principles and objectives, but does not address specific details concerning every issue or location.

Action-Oriented: It is designed to provide community leaders, residents and other stakeholders with guidance for decision-making.

Value-Based: It is embedded in values of social progress aimed at improving the lives of the community, and building a stronger resilient society.

Long Range: It is based on a time frame that extends beyond the present and anticipates future opportunities and problems.

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1. Establish development principles for the new ANAM city beginning at Ebenebe, Anambra State, Nigeria.

2. Present a model for sustainable African development to the global public.

n g i s A e d n a o t m y ? h
n
g
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s
A
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a
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Phasing, labor,
M
scheduling
and
incremental
International best
development
practices & local
knowledge
ION
+
AT
Flooding and risks
LT
U
Model,
strategies,
S
objectives
and
frameworks
N
M
O
C
TY
NI
U
M
M
O
N
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Transportation,
Social,Waste, Water,Energy,
Urban,Economic,
Land
N
IMPLEMENTATION
STRATEGY
THE
COMMUNITY
MASTER
CONSULTATION
PLAN
& SURVEYS
I
Seed businesses,
URBAN
ANAM
SOCIO &
demographics
ECONOMIC
Plans and form
based zoning
DESIGN
and projections
CITY
?
STUDIES
I
URBAN
m
ENVIRONMENTAL
SYSTEMS
IMPACT
ANALYSIS
ASSESSMENT
FEASIBILITY
STUDIES &
T
RESEARCH
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Statistical
Focus groups,
Survey,
Evaluations
A
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+
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?
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C
O
H
F
I
F
E

.

Master Planning Process for Anam City

a m ? U C O H F I F E . Master Planning Process for
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
a m ? U C O H F I F E . Master Planning Process for
a m ? U C O H F I F E . Master Planning Process for
a m ? U C O H F I F E . Master Planning Process for

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM

The work is a synthesis of recommendations from the partner consultant, The Dr. Aloy & Gesare Chife Foundation and their interdisciplinary design team composed of urban planners, architects and engineers. The proposal in aggregate reflects the needs and opportunities as assessed through best practice research, site analysis and consultation with Anam leadership councils, community members and regional and international professionals.

The Anam Model

The Master Plan is organized around a structure that includes Logics, Principles, Objectives, Recommendations and Indicators .

Logics: The conceptual basis for the ANAM model and framework of sustainability perspective.

Principles: Value embedded goals that guide the realization of the vision.

Strategies: Elements of each system that illustrate more detailed components.

Recommendations: Statements that describe actionable methods or means of achieving the principles and objectives.

Indicators: Quantifiable metrics for evaluating the success of the recommendations.

Due to the integrated character of the ANAM model, there are many synergies found between the systems and principles; this is represented under each section subheading. It is natural that we find the repetition of similar objectives throughout the Master Plan as well, only to reinforce the unity of the model.

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Anam Sustainability Framework

SOCIO ECO TECHNO PRINCIPLES RECOMMEND- STRATEGIES INDICATORS ATIONS
SOCIO
ECO
TECHNO
PRINCIPLES
RECOMMEND-
STRATEGIES
INDICATORS
ATIONS

The components in the Anam Master Plan

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STRATEGIES INDICATORS ATIONS The components in the Anam Master Plan . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
STRATEGIES INDICATORS ATIONS The components in the Anam Master Plan . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
STRATEGIES INDICATORS ATIONS The components in the Anam Master Plan . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
STRATEGIES INDICATORS ATIONS The components in the Anam Master Plan . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER

ANAM

Background

A Brief History of the Anam Community

Present day Anam is a collection of at least eight small settlements in the region that all have traditional leadership councils and town unions, and who frequently collaborate politically and hold cultural celebrations together. As with many places around the world, these communities are more and more influenced by the global economy.

Today as a group with regional influence, the Anam people have joined together to bring positive change to the lives of the people. They have initiated a movement called Anam Re-Birth with the goal of emerging as a reorganized Anam society that is more resilient through improved infrastructure, social services and a stronger economy. The new city project is one of their partnerships, and it is being led by the Umuoba Anam community, who have granted their land (Ebenebe) for the first phases of the city.

While all the 8 Anam communities are motivated by urban land shortages and unsuitable infrastructure, Umuoba Anam is able to develop this area of their traditional land they presently live largely in the town of Otuocha (approximately 5 km from Ebenebe) where they purchased land from non- Anam people in the early 19th Century. In the 1970s, confusion over the land transfer led to conflicts, and now peaceful cohabitation of three distinct peoples in the small town. Since the initial settlement, Umuoba Anam has exceeded their population capacity for their portion of Otuocha, and find themselves in overcrowded conditions competing for already limited and insufficient resources. Further, the Umuoba Anam continue to travel by boat to their traditional lands to farm, and recent aquatic invasions of water hyacinth have made this journey an intense struggle.

Realizing the limitations of the local and federal governments to aid with their situation, they depend on their local Development Council to spearhead the transition of the community back to their traditional land at Ebenebe. As such, the Umuoba Anam Development Council has engaged the Chife Foundation to consult with the community and offer recommendations for the design, construction and operation of a new settlement at Ebenebe. This Master Plan is the first and foundational document in that process.

1 The people of the Anam region come from a rich history deeply rooted in their locale and respective of the larger Igbo people of Nigeria, as documented by Gabriel Nnazor in Anam

Tradition and

Culture, the most comprehensive chronicle of Anam settlement.

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APPENDIXVISION ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY Umoaba Nmiata Iyora ANAM Umuem
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
Umoaba
Nmiata
Iyora
ANAM
Umuem
OTUOCHA
Oroma
Umueze
AGULERI
Umudora
Umuikwu
ASABA
ONITSHA
A Map of the Anam region, showing the eight (8) Anam communities

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ANAM

Though there remain key historical components such as traditional gover nance and family structures, there is a fluid integration with the State and National governing structures, inter-regional economies and modern social constructs. Understanding these complexities is crucial to the success of the new city. Therefore, much of the planning has been and will be informed by community meetings and regional surveys beyond what is presented here. Bound by the unity of the community, this is a landmark planning initiative that is driven and supported by the people who it will affect most, and whose hope is to create real change for their families and future generations.

Regional Context

The major settlements in close proximity of the site are: Otuocha, Onitsha, Asaba, Awka and Enugu.

Otuocha headquarters the Anambra East Local Government Area of Anambra State. It is an important town in Nigeria serving as the food basket to the South Eastern States. Major communities living in the town of Otuocha are the Aguleri, Umuleri Anam and Umuoba Anam people. Otuocha has a viable market which is a major yam transit point in East of Niger River.

Onitsha is a commercial centre and river port on the eastern bank of the Niger River in Anambra State. It is one of the most important Nigerian cities in the south eastern part of the country. Located on ground and water transportation routes, Onitsha is a gateway to eastern Nigeria. Onitsha’s major commercial products include nuts, corns, fruits and vegetables. Other significant trade produces include tires, petroleum products, nails and bearings.

Asaba is the capital of Delta State, located on the west bank of the Niger River (opposite Onitsha) and along the Benin City road. The Niger Bridge connects Asaba to Onitsha. Asaba has a textile factory and post secondary schools.

Akwa is the capital of Anambra State. It lies along roads leading from Owerri, Umuahia, Onitsha, and Enugu. Awka is an agricultural trade centre for the Igbo people of the surrounding area and trades in yams, cassava, taro, maize, palm oil and kernels. Nnamdi Azikiwe University is located in Awka.

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APPENDIXVISION ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY 3 < 25K 1. Onoia: 19,000
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
3
< 25K
1. Onoia: 19,000
2. Nsugbe : 20,000
12
3. Orania Otu : 21,000
4. Umuleri : 22,000
6
5. Aguleri : 22,000
6. Isbariam : 22,000
11
7. Isinyi-Nando : 22,000
7
8. Otuocha : 24,500
ANAM
13
CITY
8
5
17
CITY
25-30K
NANDO
9.
Umudora Umukwa : 26,000
89
000
4
10. Oroma Eliti : 27,000
10
11. Nmiata : 28,000
12. Nzam : 28,500
13
13. Umuenwelum : 28,500
2
15
9
14
16
UMUINY
88
000
18
19
ANI NKWA ANAM
OGBUNIKE
188 000
211 000
20
ASABA
1
400 000
21
ONITSHA
500 000 (1M METRO)
50-100K
14. Nkwelle Ezunaka : 50,000
15. Nteje : 50, 000
16. Umuinya : 88,000
17. Nando : 89,000
>100K
18. Ani Nkwa Anam: 188,000
19. Ogbunike : 211,000
20. Asaba : 400,000
21. Onitsha : 500,000 (1M metro)
The population of neighboring settlements in the Anam Region

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APPENDIXVISION

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ANAM

Enugu is the capital of Enugu State which is the eastern neighbor of Anambra State. Nicknamed “the Coal City” in the early 1900s, Enugu became a major center for the mining of the coal discovered by Albert Ernest Kitson in the Udi plateau. As of 2007, coal mining is no longer the major source of income, however very small quantities are transported south by rail to Port Harcourt for export. The city’s economy has diversified in recent years and is largely dominated by trading, commerce, and small-scale industry.

Demography & Economy

The people of Anam are predominantly farmers with large families (6.25 people per household) living in multi-family houses. While there is a lack of statistical census for the immediate area, for the purpose of setting planning benchmarks. Much of what is documented comes from a 100-person community survey completed in April 2010 in the Umuoba Anam settlement of Otoucha, Anambra State statistics and Federal Nigerian census profiles. The state population is 4.1 million, and Anam people are estimated to represent about 3% of that total. Anambra State is one of the most highly urbanized areas in Nigeria (second after Lagos State), a condition that provides an interesting contrast to the large portion of very low density agricultural land.

Nigeria as a whole is rapidly urbanizing and the growth rate is one of the highest in the world. As such, demographic trend analysis shows an overwhelming demand for urban infrastructure and housing throughout the country. Balancing the significant demand for such a city with the actual capacities within the specific land boundaries, a preliminary population of 20,000 people has been established for initial planning purposes. It is anticipated that over time the city’s boundaries will expand and that a larger population of 100,000 people will inhabit the agropolitan region.

ABUJA FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY 6 hrs ANAM CITY BENIN CITY 3 hrs EDO STATE 2
ABUJA
FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY
6 hrs
ANAM CITY
BENIN
CITY
3 hrs
EDO STATE
2 hrs
ENUGU
1 hr
45min
ENUGU STATE
Onitcha
Anambra State
ASABA
DELTA STATE
6 hrs
3 hrs
LAGOS
LAGOS STATE
PORT
HARCOURT
DELTA STATE

Several airports make the area easily accessible by air, including the newest in Asaba, only 1 hour away.

. .
.
.

Agriculture and fishing are the two major economic activities on and around the project site. The main agricultural products are maize, cassava and peanuts. Beyond these activities, the Anam population remains predominantly poor in income but wealthy in land resources, providing nearly 70% of the agriculture resources in the Anambra State. It is the hope of the ANAM project to facilitate the creation of a more diversified economy for the region.

to facilitate the creation of a more diversified economy for the region. ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
to facilitate the creation of a more diversified economy for the region. ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
to facilitate the creation of a more diversified economy for the region. ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
to facilitate the creation of a more diversified economy for the region. ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND

57

ANAM Major Economic Flows Housewife 1% Retired 1% Teacher 1% Building Trade 3% Misc 6%
ANAM
Major Economic Flows
Housewife 1%
Retired 1%
Teacher 1%
Building Trade 3%
Misc 6%
Health Provider 7%
Sales 7%
Civil Servant 8%
Professional 12%
Trade 26%
(includes agricultural trade)
Farmers 30%

The farming of yam, cassava and potato dominates the Anam region.

.

APPENDIXVISION ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY To Abuja To Benin City $
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
To Abuja
To Benin City
$ REMITTANCES $
Individual farmers transport their goods
by land and water to bring them to markets.
To Lagos
Umoaba
Nmiata
+
Iyora
ANAM
Umuem
Oroma
+
OTUOCHA
Umueze
AGULERI
Umudora
Umuikwu
Youth & Farming
Almost 60% of Anam people are
involved somehow in agriculture.
50% of the population is under
the age of 20 and now immerging
into the job market with weak
ASABA
ONITSHA
+
opportunities. As a result the youth
leave the area for oil jobs in Delta
State or Lagos or even the country
for education in Ghana
or the U.K.
Anam City hopes to enhance
quality and and profitability of
agriculture so it can be a desirable
employment choice for the youth.
In addition to agro-industry, the city
can also create a greater diversity
of employment options for the
future of the Anam People.
Economics flow outwards from the Anam region along the rivers as agricultural sales travel to the markets.
INCREASING ECONOMIC FLOWS
INCREASING ECONOMIC FLOWS

.

APPENDIXVISION ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY ANAM Historical Timeline Ejiri atumatu
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
ANAM
Historical Timeline
Ejiri atumatu di mkpa na obodo
were ruputa obodo Anam
[1998] Beati cation of
Blessed Cyprian Michael
Iwene Tansi by Pope
John Paul II
[1965] Niger River
Bridge at Onitsha
constructed
[1976] Anambra State is formed
[2008] UN Habitat
publishes that Lagos
is the fastest growing
city in Africa
[1900] Umuoba
Phase 1 Settlement
along Ezichi River
[1990] Umuoba
purchases land in
Otuocha
[2010] Asaba
Airport Opens
[4,500 BC] Date of
oldest archeological
pottery found in
Igboland
[1700] Modern day
Lagos founded as Eko
by Bini Kingdom
[1967-1970]
Biafran War
[1999] Second land
con ict in Otuocha
[2008] Anam City Design & Development Process
[2008] Rebirth Council forms
B.C.
A.D.
4,500
400
800
1472
1800
1900
1970
1980
1990
2008
2011
[1991] Abuja becomes
Capital of Nigeria
[945-1911] Kingdom of Nri in Igboland
[1980] Building of Abuja
[400 BC] Benin City
founded as
Igodomingodo
[1800] First recorded
settlement in Anam
region
[1970] Land con ict
in Otuocha between
Umuoba, Aguleri
and Umuleri
Construction for
Anam City Begins
[1472] Portuguese
explorers land on
Nigerian coast
[1850] British establish
presence in Lagos
[1960] Nigerian
Independence from
Britain

.

.

APPENDIXVISION ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY ANAM Life in a Riverine Area
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
ANAM
Life in a Riverine Area
JANUARY
FEBRUARY
MARCH
APRIL
MAY
JUNE
JULY
AUGUST
SEPTEMBER
OCTOBER
NOVEMBER
DECEMBER
MARKET DAYS
[EVERY 4 DAYS]
potato
pepper
okro
garden egg
ground nut
vegetable leaves
cassava
yam
fruits
NEW YEARS CELEBRATION
shing harvest
major bamboo cutting
bamboo [continuous growth & harvest]
river level
RAINY SEASON
FLOOD
MAJOR FISH OBA
FESTIVAL
rain fall
PONDS [3 DAYS]
wind season
Moist SW Wind
Harmattan
TITLE @ TAKING
School In Session
Long Vacation
School In Session
MAJOR FISH HARVST
IGBO DAY
OTITE MAJOR MARKET DAY [BEGIN HARVEST]
Life for Anam people is dominated by the river, and the natural cycles that occur annually. These
cycles exist first with the land and water, in the flooding and weather, and therefor impact the cycles
of agriculture and harvest. Social events, such as festivals, and school sessions also correspond to
the natural cycles as well, generating an entire culture that is in sync with the land. Yet there are some
negative impacts to these cycles as well that have contributed to a more difficult lifestyle. For example,
due to the heavy rains, many Anam farmers can only live close to their farms during the dry season, and
to relocate to stay with relatives during the peak flood.have
NZIRIANI
FESTIVAL
OF HARVEST]
[END

.

.

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM

Environmental Setting

ANAM City will begin on present day Ebenebe, a rural site in the tropical rainforest belt of Anambra State, East Nigeria. Future developments will expand within the Anam Region, located in the low plain to the northwest of Anambra River.

Ebenebe extends on the western banks of the Ezichi River and covers about 76.8 hectares (189.8 acres). It is bounded by Mmiata Anam on the north, Umueze Anam on the south, Ezichi River on the east, and Umueze- Mmiata Anam State Road on the west. The project site currently consists of wetlands, forest and agricultural land. The only constructions on the site are traditional huts made of mud and bamboos where farmers live seasonally. On the western border of the site is a state road (Umueze-Mmiata Anam Road) that is currently under construction.

The area falls within the Guinean forest-savannah mosaic belt (deciduous forest) of Nigeria with annual rainfall of about 1,400 – 2,000 millimeters. The climate on the project site is characterized by two main seasons; rainy season (March to October with two peaks in July and September), and the dry season (December to February). The rainy season is associated with prevalence of moisture laden maritime southwest trade wind from the Atlantic Ocean. This season is also known for heavy thunderstorms. The dry season is influenced by the dry wind blowing from the Mediterranean Sea across Sahara desert and down to southern Nigeria. This also causes harmattan, which precedes the dry season.

The main ecological hazards on the project site are flooding and minor erosion. Soil degradation, rapid deforestation, flooding and consequent erosion along the riverbanks, have effected agricultural activities. In the peak of rainy season, high precipitation often results in excessive flooding, such that the undulations occupied by settlements are marooned for some months. The people use canoes and boats as their primary model of movement and transportation. Extensive wetland ecologies complement the farming activities, providing natural and seasonal irrigation to the plots.

providing natural and seasonal irrigation to the plots. The setting is the Guinean Tropical Rainforest Mosaic,

The setting is the Guinean Tropical Rainforest Mosaic, which is a mixture of savannah grasslands and forest

.

Several traditional huts (wattle and daub) are scattered in the landscape as seasonal housing for farmers.

.

daub) are scattered in the landscape as seasonal housing for farmers. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
daub) are scattered in the landscape as seasonal housing for farmers. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
daub) are scattered in the landscape as seasonal housing for farmers. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND
daub) are scattered in the landscape as seasonal housing for farmers. . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM

Tall trees with thick undergrowth and numerous climbers exist in the clustered forests. The trees have luxuriant forage and the presence of climbers, epiphytes, bamboos. Persistent interference of human activities, such as agriculture and settlements, has affected a significant portion of the thick forest, limiting it to reduced portion of the site.

Upon its completion, Umueze-Mmiata State Road will mark the most dominant structure around the project site. Apart from these major routes, there are several tracks running across the site between the river and the state road. The development of this state road was a dominant factor in the site selection process, as it will provide good access during construction that can compliment the aquatic modes.

during construction that can compliment the aquatic modes. Flooded farmland and grassy wetlands dominate the landscape

Flooded farmland and grassy wetlands dominate the landscape for two months a year.

wetlands dominate the landscape for two months a year. The Parasite Tree in a wooded grove.

The Parasite Tree in a wooded grove. Existing vegetation will be preserved through the Master Plan.

vegetation will be preserved through the Master Plan. Water hyacinth in the Ezichi River is a

Water hyacinth in the Ezichi River is a major hardship for people in Anam.

.

Community Approach

The process for the conceptual and physical development of ANAM New City is based on an open and interdisciplinary approach that includes a range of research, consultation and open-source design methods. Rather than a linear progression, the process has been concurrent, iterative, and fundamentally an evolution of hybridity due to the unique nature of this project. The methodology incorporates phases that balance the many scales of influence as well as the diversity of stakeholders that will be integrated with the new urban system. Local cultural knowledge, site specific realities, inter national standards and continental concerns each informed the scope of research and final recommendations. The results of this process are owned by the stakeholders and open to the world.

N U I T M Y M O ANAM REBIRTH COUNCIL ANAM ELDERS DEVELOPMENT COUNCILS
N
U
I
T
M
Y
M
O
ANAM
REBIRTH
COUNCIL
ANAM
ELDERS
DEVELOPMENT
COUNCILS
COMPANY
C
WOMEN &
ANAM
YOUTH
MEN’S
GROUPS
CITY
UNIONS
PROFESSIONAL
RESEARCH
CONSULTANTS
PARTNERSHIPS
CHIFE
FOUNDATION
M
A
N
A
E
T
H

Stakeholders in the Anam community

.

FOUNDATION M A N A E T H Stakeholders in the Anam community . ANAM ANAM
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
FOUNDATION M A N A E T H Stakeholders in the Anam community . ANAM ANAM
FOUNDATION M A N A E T H Stakeholders in the Anam community . ANAM ANAM
FOUNDATION M A N A E T H Stakeholders in the Anam community . ANAM ANAM

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM ANAM Victor, Yam Fish Vendor Farmer Shopping in the market Fish farmer at Ebenebe
ANAM ANAM
Victor, Yam Fish Vendor Farmer
Shopping in the market
Fish farmer at Ebenebe
Man in Otuocha Market
Victor, Owner of Anam Fish Farm Anam youth Anam man discussin Anam City Anam Fisherman
Victor, Owner of Anam Fish Farm
Anam youth
Anam man discussin Anam City
Anam Fisherman
Tony and Mother Yam farmers Anam youth in the market Vendor in Otuocha market
Tony and Mother
Yam farmers
Anam youth in the market
Vendor in Otuocha market
Ekeke, farmer and canoe driver Advertising in the market Fish vendor Leader of the yam
Ekeke, farmer and canoe driver
Advertising in the market
Fish vendor
Leader of the yam area of the market

.

Youth at Otuocha Landing John Paul, Research Assistant Fish vendor Farmers
Youth at Otuocha Landing
John Paul, Research Assistant
Fish vendor
Farmers
Anam woman in Otuocha Market Potato vendor
Anam woman in Otuocha Market
Potato vendor
Several years of community discussions have identified priority seed projects of: a school , a
Several years of community
discussions have identified
priority seed projects of:
a school , a hospital , a
market , an illo (public square),
and a community bank.
Cassava farmer Kazim and Mopo, driver and security Activity on the Ezichi for market day
Cassava farmer
Kazim and Mopo, driver and security
Activity on the Ezichi for market day
Vendor in Otuocha
Anam youth Bamboo and cassava at Ebenebe Children in Umueze Student
Anam youth
Bamboo and cassava at Ebenebe
Children in Umueze
Student

.

youth Bamboo and cassava at Ebenebe Children in Umueze Student . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
youth Bamboo and cassava at Ebenebe Children in Umueze Student . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
youth Bamboo and cassava at Ebenebe Children in Umueze Student . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
youth Bamboo and cassava at Ebenebe Children in Umueze Student . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER

70

APPENDIXVISION ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY ANAM ANAM ANAM Spend half towards
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
Spend half towards
education expenses,
use the other half to
start a business.
Invest in pepper and
trade it in Lagos.
During the rainy
season, sell sand.
Sell groundnuts and
expand in order to
trade to Abuja and
Lagos.
Invest in a grocery
store business.
Spend half towards
education expenses,
use the other half to
start a business.
Keep some for
savings and start a
poultry farm business.
Build better
roads with proper
drainage.
Stock my store with
drinks to sell and
invest in groundnuts.
Save half and invest
the other half in
businesses or loans.
What would
you do with
5
million naira?
.
.
71

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

ANAM

Design & Planning Process

[December] SWOT Analysis [October] Peak ood mapping [April] Community Presentations [June] Umuoba Anam initiate new
[December] SWOT Analysis
[October] Peak ood mapping
[April] Community Presentations
[June] Umuoba Anam initiate new city project
[June-August] Internship Program
[August] Preliminary Community Consultations
[November] Website and Project Launch
[December] Elders and Rebirth Councils review Urban Design
2008
2009
2010
2011
[November] Preliminary Site Assessment
[January] Start of Phase 1 Construction
[November] Master Plan Development
[June] Umuoba appoints Dr. Aloy Chife as custodian of the Ebenebe land
appoints Dr. Aloy Chife as custodian of the Ebenebe land [July] Focus Groups, Presentations to Development

[July] Focus Groups, Presentations to Development Council and Anam Rebirth Council

Community Presentation Rebirth Council Meeting A Women’s Focus Group A Men’s Focus Group Breaking of
Community Presentation
Rebirth Council Meeting
A Women’s Focus Group
A Men’s Focus Group
Breaking of Kola Nuts with Community Elders
Development Council Meeting

.

.

of Kola Nuts with Community Elders Development Council Meeting . . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
ANAM ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
of Kola Nuts with Community Elders Development Council Meeting . . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
of Kola Nuts with Community Elders Development Council Meeting . . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
of Kola Nuts with Community Elders Development Council Meeting . . ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER

ANAM

Regulatory Network

In partnership with the Chife Foundation, the Anam Development Council and the Rebirth Group will ultimately review, approve and oversee the implementation of recommendations for the new Anam City. In addition, as custodians of the land, the councils will seek approval from State and Federal Authorities and create and official authority to manage, operate and enforce regulations in the new city.

A N A M 8 ANAM COMMUNITIES
A N A M
8 ANAM COMMUNITIES
regulations in the new city. A N A M 8 ANAM COMMUNITIES UMUOBA-ANAM NMIATA- ANAM ORAMA-ANAM
UMUOBA-ANAM NMIATA- ANAM ORAMA-ANAM UMUEMU-ANAM ELDERS, & UMUIKWU-ANAM MMEGHES ANAM REBIRTH COUNCIL
UMUOBA-ANAM
NMIATA- ANAM
ORAMA-ANAM
UMUEMU-ANAM
ELDERS, &
UMUIKWU-ANAM
MMEGHES
ANAM REBIRTH
COUNCIL
UMUDORA-ANAM
IYIORA-ANAM
UMUEZE-ANAM
1
ANAM
DEVELOPMENT
COUNCIL

ANAM New City is from inception a public and private partnership. Building on key historical precedents of traditional governance, there is a fluid integration with the State and National governing structures, inter-regional economies and modern social constructs. Much of the design and planning has been and will be informed by community meetings and regional surveys. Bound by the unity of the community, this is a landmark development initiative that is driven and supported by the people who it will affect most, and whose hope is to create real change for their families and future generations.

C o m m u n i t y
C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

.

APPENDIXVISION ANAM ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY Federal Government* Anambra State
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
Federal
Government*
Anambra
State
Nigerian Land & Waterways
Act
Federal Environmental
Protection Agency Decree 86
[L.G.A.]
Urban Planning Policies
(1992)
Anambra
National Urban Development
Policy (1997)
Universal Building Code
West Local
Government
Urban & Regional Planning
Law (1992)
Authority
Anambra State
Environmental Protection
Board and Impact
4
2
3
Town Planning Authority
State
Planning
Authority
NIGERIAN
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
ASSESSMENT
[*Federal Government passes
planning authority to the state who
passes powers to local government
authorities.]
G
o
v
e
r
n
m
e
n
t

.

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY MODEL . Framework Model 1. Logics 2. Values & Goals 3. Systems 4. Agropolitan

.

Framework

Model

1. Logics

2. Values & Goals

3. Systems

4. Agropolitan Concept

5. Superblock

6. Parcel

Obodo Anam bu kwa obodo nwere

obi umala na udi nile obula. Ani,

ike, ezigbo, mmili na ihe ndi ozo. Udi njikota n’mgbanwe jikotara ndi oru niile n’uzo ohuru amaegosi ndi Africa.

Anam City is a city of flexible systems: Land, Energy, Social, Water and more. These systems connect, change together and work together in a new way to improve Africa.

.

change together and work together in a new way to improve Africa. . ANAM MODEL MODEL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
change together and work together in a new way to improve Africa. . ANAM MODEL MODEL
change together and work together in a new way to improve Africa. . ANAM MODEL MODEL
change together and work together in a new way to improve Africa. . ANAM MODEL MODEL

APPENDIXVISION

Sociologic-Ecologic-Technologic SET*

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

Logics

The urgent need for sustainability today demands new systems of thinking and new approaches to problem solving — new spheres of logic. Societies are no longer considered outside of or independent of the natural environment, and neither can exist outside of the influence of technology. The Logic of the ANAM model is the conceptual basis and theoretical underpinning of our sustainability perspective which lives in the confluence of three spheres: Sociologic, Ecologic and Technologic (SET). The three spheres together form a regime of sustainability in which all three interactively control performance, viability and outcome. Each strategy within the Master Plan is assessed by these mutually reinforcing logics.

SOCIOLOGIC:

a strategy that is culturally relevant, collectively

improves human quality of life and encourages responsible citizenship. A truly sustainable urbanism is facilitated and manifested through its social roots. It must be grounded in cultural heritage, both in practice and form.

ECOLOGIC: a strategy that is a balanced and respectful management of natural resources that meets human needs, enhances natural beauty and mitigates natural hazards. The local ecology has been a source of physical sustenance, creative inspiration and a struggle for survival. These three experiences are independently significant but must be fairly and simultaneously addressed.

TECHNOLOGIC: a strategy that is a practical, problem-solving application that supports resilience, optimizes processes (time, money, resources), and applies indigenous knowledge systems while advancing innovation. Appropriate technology facilitates solutions that are readily implementable, scalable and able to yield tangible results for the present generation.

*Economics, typically understood as the third sphere of sustainability, is excluded from this SET not as a devaluation of the global phenomena, but to advance the assertion that a system of production of material wealth is not central to, but results from the collective endurance and progress of humankind as derived from this SET. The model posits the Logical SET of interrelationships as the basis for articulating a truly sustainable city.

.

SOCIO ECO TECHNO
SOCIO
ECO
TECHNO

SET Sustainability Framework

.

sustainable city. . SOCIO ECO TECHNO SET Sustainability Framework . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
sustainable city. . SOCIO ECO TECHNO SET Sustainability Framework . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
sustainable city. . SOCIO ECO TECHNO SET Sustainability Framework . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
sustainable city. . SOCIO ECO TECHNO SET Sustainability Framework . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

Value & Goals COMMUNITY EQUITY PRODUCTIVITY 1 = + DIVERSITY MOBILITY PROSPERITY X > N
Value & Goals
COMMUNITY
EQUITY
PRODUCTIVITY
1
=
+
DIVERSITY
MOBILITY
PROSPERITY
X
>
N
Parameters: 8 shared values
QUALITY % VITALITY !
QUALITY
%
VITALITY
!

Community, Equity, Productivity, Quality, Diversity, Mobility, Prosperity and Vitality are considered the eight shared values to maximize in the ANAM New City model (8 parameters). Together they convey a SET of general goals with respect to the nature of the Settlement, People and Mandate associated with this Master Plan document.

.

COMMUNITY 1
COMMUNITY
1
EQUITY =
EQUITY
=
PRODUCTIVITY + .
PRODUCTIVITY
+
.

1: BUILD COMMUNITY

Community Development: Given that the attribute Anam people most laud is total unity of the community, the general mandate to build a cohesive community is the primary goal.

Collective Progress: Community viability and unity correlate to human security and access to opportunity. If persons with shared means for self-improvement tend toward cooperation, then collective progress is an effective method to stabilize community.

Cultural Heritage: The character and nature of all urban spaces within ANAM New City reflect traditional aesthetic values and spatial patterns. Culture should be legible in the image of the city, while building on indigenous knowledge systems.

2: PROMOTE EQUITY

Equality: The customary Anam practice of unimpeded production, protection and transfer of equity for all persons should remain enshrined. Platforms created to ensure equal access encourage active participation and value input.

Shared Ownership: Anam community should act as stakeholders and shareholders with equity in the overall enterprise as well as component activities and businesses.

3: GENERATE PRODUCTIVITY

Pro-Productivity: ANAM New City adds to the Anam culture of agricultural and productive landscapes -- i.e. the dedication to cultivating Anam-administered lands and historically produce foodstuffs in excess of consumption -- to a broad commitment to productive lifestyle.

of consumption -- to a broad commitment to productive lifestyle. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
of consumption -- to a broad commitment to productive lifestyle. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
of consumption -- to a broad commitment to productive lifestyle. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
of consumption -- to a broad commitment to productive lifestyle. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL QUALITY %
MODEL
QUALITY
%

4: STANDARDIZE QUALITY

Quality of Life: The primary driver behind ANAM city is to rapidly elevate quality of life to measureable world- class standards and extend across future generations. The value of quality with respect to the new city should be broadly apparent in real and perceived quality of products, goods and services circulating and originating in ANAM; operation of urban amenities at international standards of quality; and standard delivery of high quality of life.

Quality Infrastructure: Noting that shoddy and degraded buildings and environments devalue their urban context, high quality infrastructure and building construction should be demonstrated, promoted and supported by a culture of maintenance.

DIVERSITY X
DIVERSITY
X

5: Cultivate DIVERSITY

City for Everyone: The factor of diversity can have a multiplying effect on the output of the city. In order to generate a dynamic urbanism, interaction and hybridity should be privileged over homogeneity. Thus, while zoning should be strictly enforced, mixed-use development and mixed-income neighborhoods should be encouraged.

Resiliency: Diversity as applied to greenspace, urban design, land use as well as within demographics of ANAM New City’s permanent and transient population should draw inspiration from the ecological concept of resiliency in which greater heterogeneity of an ecosystem correlates to higher resistance to external stresses.

MOBILITY >
MOBILITY
>

6: Expand MOBILITY

Future-Oriented: Free movement of all people and goods throughout the full extent of the city is for the greater good of urban performance and access.

Navigability: Make urban layout easy to understand and navigate. Create a hierarchy of transportation that begins with pedestrians.

TOD: Organize Transit-Oriented Development around programmatic and high use nodes.

.

PROSPERITY N
PROSPERITY
N
VITALITY !
VITALITY
!

7: Propagate PROSPERITY

Economic Growth: Economic success drives the viability of any city. Therefore, ANAM wi serve as a pro-business platform to support a culture of entrepreneurship from micro- enterprises to international commerce and medium and large-scale industry. Agriculture and agro-industry are of particular note for their prime significance within this economic structure. Promotion of a strong local economy will also be supported with intergenerational access to and transfer of assets.

8: Emanate VITALITY

Balance: Comfort and health are among the most important characteristics of any urban environment. Since the preservation of natural habitats and ecology within the urban development is a key consideration, these same spaces should be used strategically to balance biological systems, regulate micro- climate, weave greenspaces strategically into and throughout the city, and beautify the urban landscape.

Creativity: Ultimately, this strategic synergy should not only maximize each of the above shared values within ANAM New City, but also crystallize as a creative nexus that allows for a uniquely vibrant urbanism that activates new possibilities by energizing people, landscapes and relationships.

.

possibilities by energizing people, landscapes and relationships. . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 28
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
possibilities by energizing people, landscapes and relationships. . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 28
possibilities by energizing people, landscapes and relationships. . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 28
possibilities by energizing people, landscapes and relationships. . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY 28

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

Systems

The design of the city and its supporting systems is modeled after natural ecosystems. It contains modular and eco-dynamic subsystems to sustainably manage the demand and supply of the region within which it exists. The holistic, closed-loop design approach considers a balance of inputs and outputs both from natural and man-made sources. In order to generate a dynamic urbanism, interaction and hybridity is privileged over homogenity.

SYSTEM

ATTRIBUTES

LAND

· COLLECTIVE OWNERSHIP

· HERITAGE LANDSCAPE

 
 

· GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE

· OPTIMIZED DENSITY

· MODULAR SCALABILITY

· CONSTRUCTIVE IMPACT

WATER

· FLOOD INTEGRATION

· RAINWATER HARVESTING

 
 

· WATER TABLE RETENTION

· WATER JUSTICE

SOCIETY

· RURBAN CULTURE

· UNIFIED PUBLIC

 

· LOCAL PRODUCTION

ENERGY

· ENERGY POSITIVE

· SOLAR FARMING

 
 

· DISTRIBUTED NETWORKS

· WASTE = ENERGY

ECONOMY

· SOCIAL CAPITAL

 

· AGRO INDUSTRY

 

· FOOD SECURITY

· SEED PROGRAMMING

· LIFECYCLE RE-SOURCING

MOBILITY

· REALTIME DIGITAL

· PEOPLE-POWERED

· CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT

Outcomes

Community owns all land, individuals own improvements to it

Respect sacred and historic sites in perpetuity

Use ecology to manage environment

Balance sprawl and overcongestion with walkability

Design in pieces that allow for growth

Improve the environment instead of degrading it

for growth Improve the environment instead of degrading it Collect as much rainwater as possible Recharge

Collect as much rainwater as possible

Recharge the water table commensurate with use

Guarantee everyone access to clean water

Combine the best of urban and rural ways of living

Actively promote total unity of the community

Amplify the ethics (and economics) of local productivity

Strive to use less energy than produced

Convert sunlight into energy

Build a decencentralized smart grid of energy sources

Exploit closed loops to extract energy from waste

Invest in people

Focus on agriculture-based industry for job growth

Ensure that the community can feed itself locally

Engineer early businesses to grow secondary businesses

Recycle inputs and outputs across businesses

Build the city both physically and digitally in real time

Prioritize human-powered modes of transportation

Leverage technology for feedback and iterative improvement

.

WATER JUSTICE INFORMATION GRID SMART TECHNOLOGY BIOGAS - WASTE TO ENERGY RAINWATER HARVESTING ECONOMY
WATER JUSTICE
INFORMATION
GRID
SMART TECHNOLOGY
BIOGAS - WASTE TO ENERGY
RAINWATER HARVESTING
ECONOMY
PEOPLE-POWERED
ENERGY
MOBILITY
PUBLIC PARATRANSIT
SOCIETY
RURBAN CULTURE
LAND
FLOOD INTEGRATION
WATER
RURBAN CULTURE
MULTI-MODAL TRANSIT
GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE
SOLAR ELECTRICITY
TRANSIT-ORIENTED
DEVELOPMENT
ENERGY
EFFICIENCY
AGRICULTURAL
MARKETS
DISTRIBUTED NETWORKS
COLLECTIVE
OWNERSHIP
LANDSCAPE
HERITAGE
LAND
REGISTRATION
COMMUNITY
BANKING
MICRO-FINANCE
PRODUCTIVE
LANDSCAPE
FOOD
SECURITY
AGRO
INDUSTRY
WATER
TABLE
RECHARGE
SOCIAL
CAPITAL
WATER TRANSIT

.

INDUSTRY WATER TABLE RECHARGE SOCIAL CAPITAL WATER TRANSIT . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
INDUSTRY WATER TABLE RECHARGE SOCIAL CAPITAL WATER TRANSIT . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
INDUSTRY WATER TABLE RECHARGE SOCIAL CAPITAL WATER TRANSIT . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
INDUSTRY WATER TABLE RECHARGE SOCIAL CAPITAL WATER TRANSIT . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

A CELL OF URBANISM

.

.

APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY MODEL A CELL OF URBANISM . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY MODEL A CELL OF URBANISM . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY MODEL A CELL OF URBANISM . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY MODEL A CELL OF URBANISM . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

APPENDIXVISION MOBILITYENERGY MODEL ALA + AGROPOLITAN TERRITORY h t a P ALA OBI Illo Housing Markets

ALA + AGROPOLITAN TERRITORY

h t a P
h
t
a
P

ALA OBI

Illo

Housing

Markets

School

Agro-industry

n u S g n i s i R e h t f o ECOLOGICAL
n
u
S
g
n
i
s
i
R
e
h
t
f
o
ECOLOGICAL AXIS
AGROPOLITAN TERRITORY
In Igbo tradition, ala (land) is conceptualized
as literally living according to a gradient of
three tiers:
URBAN AXIS
ALA
ALA OBI
ULO
ALA AGU
ILLO
ILLO

ALA OBI - residential or domestic space ALA ULO - transitional farmland ALA AGU - wild or natural environment

Taken at a different scale, this approach to spatial zoning can describe an agropolitan territory for living, in which inhabitants of any settlement must not only actively produce their own food, but also mediate the space of their collective living with the natural environment.

ALA ULO Hospital Community farms Wetland park Erosion control Groundwater recharge

ALA AGU

Fish ponds

Hunting

Ecological sinks

Preservation areas

Ecotourism

.

.

Fish ponds Hunting Ecological sinks Preservation areas Ecotourism . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
Fish ponds Hunting Ecological sinks Preservation areas Ecotourism . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
Fish ponds Hunting Ecological sinks Preservation areas Ecotourism . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
Fish ponds Hunting Ecological sinks Preservation areas Ecotourism . . ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

Concept Diagrams

DENSIFY

DENSIFY

ACCRETE

ACCRETE

In order to preserve avoid sprawl, Plan development that is compact by building for density, but designing for people. Overtime the city should become more vertical than horizontal to maximize efficient access and transportation corridors, as well as preserving farm and wetlands.

Accretion means a very gradual addition of land mass. In the case of Anam City, this relates to the water and flooded edges where land will be increased to mitigate erosion and protect the ecologic systems in conjunction with creating more stable ground protected from flooding.

.

DECENTRALIZE

DECENTRALIZE

SEED

SEED

.

Plan for decentralized systems that are smaller, more numerous and scalable. This allow for more affordable, more efficient and sustainable technology types that are flexible as populations and needs change over time.

Plant seeds within the city to invite and encourage economic and social development. Plant seeds of Anam City in other existing cities nearby to provide a framework for community infrastructure development at the local level and contextual to Africa.

development at the local level and contextual to Africa. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
development at the local level and contextual to Africa. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
development at the local level and contextual to Africa. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY
development at the local level and contextual to Africa. ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

Superblock

3.1 ha ala ulo
3.1 ha
ala ulo
7.2 ha ala obi
7.2
ha
ala
obi

3.1 ha

ala ulo

Superblock 3.1 ha ala ulo 7.2 ha ala obi 3.1 ha ala ulo ‘Superblock’ is the

‘Superblock’ is the urban module of a given agropolitan territory. This single unit of urbanism operates in isolation or as part of a larger network. In place of centralized infrastructure, superblocks feature smaller decentralized systems that are more cost- effective, scalable, and able to be deployed on demand. A chain of superblocks forms a linear spine of urbanism with 400 meter (5 minute) walking radii.

400

m

4 km

of urbanism with 400 meter (5 minute) walking radii. 400 m 4 km . . ANAM

.

.

of urbanism with 400 meter (5 minute) walking radii. 400 m 4 km . . ANAM
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
of urbanism with 400 meter (5 minute) walking radii. 400 m 4 km . . ANAM
of urbanism with 400 meter (5 minute) walking radii. 400 m 4 km . . ANAM
of urbanism with 400 meter (5 minute) walking radii. 400 m 4 km . . ANAM

APPENDIXVISION

3 m

12 m

MOBILITYENERGY

213 m

m 12 m3

3 m

MODEL

Superblock

Program PARATRANSIT PARATRANSIT PARATRANSIT PARATRANSIT
Program
PARATRANSIT
PARATRANSIT
PARATRANSIT
PARATRANSIT

Community center / utility blockProgram PARATRANSIT PARATRANSIT PARATRANSIT PARATRANSIT Commercial corridor Housing Paratransit routes and mobility

Commercial corridorPARATRANSIT PARATRANSIT Community center / utility block Housing Paratransit routes and mobility hubs Bioswales for

HousingCommunity center / utility block Commercial corridor Paratransit routes and mobility hubs Bioswales for

Paratransit routes and mobility hubsCommunity center / utility block Commercial corridor Housing Bioswales for stormwater management Floodwater interchange

Bioswales for stormwater managementcorridor Housing Paratransit routes and mobility hubs Floodwater interchange Greenspace and infrastructure Ala ulo

Floodwater interchangeroutes and mobility hubs Bioswales for stormwater management Greenspace and infrastructure Ala ulo farm and wetland

Greenspace and infrastructureBioswales for stormwater management Floodwater interchange Ala ulo farm and wetland buffer . 225 housing units

Ala ulo farm and wetland buffer farm and wetland buffer

.

225 housing units

1000 residents

250 commercial units 25 housing units 500 workers 32 housing units 118 residents 32 residents
250
commercial units
25
housing units
500
workers
32
housing units
118 residents
32
residents
*represents a maximum planned density potential
68
workers
144 workers
Users
a
b
b
a
14
housing units
68 residents
32 workers
PARATRANSIT
c
d
c
34
housing units
PARATRANSIT
159 residents
102 workers
f
e
e
f
12 housing units
108 residents
14
housing units
72
residents
9 m
18 m
9 m
Dimensions
14 housing units 72 residents 9 m 18 m 9 m Dimensions 60 m 450 m2
60 m 450 m2 m30 m 30 m 30 m m30 30 m30 63 m
60 m
450 m2
m30
m
30 m
30 m
m30
30 m30
63 m
2,700 m2
2,700 m2
1,800 m2
3,600 m2
3,600 m2
3,600 m2
120 m
60 m
120 m
60 m
90 m
90 m
60 m
336 m

.

m2 3,600 m2 120 m 60 m 120 m 60 m 90 m 90 m 60
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
m2 3,600 m2 120 m 60 m 120 m 60 m 90 m 90 m 60
m2 3,600 m2 120 m 60 m 120 m 60 m 90 m 90 m 60
m2 3,600 m2 120 m 60 m 120 m 60 m 90 m 90 m 60

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

MODEL

Superblock

1-D CHAIN 2-D TILE BUFFERED
1-D CHAIN
2-D TILE
BUFFERED

.

MODEL Superblock 1-D CHAIN 2-D TILE BUFFERED . . CLUSTER CONSTELLATION ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER
MODEL Superblock 1-D CHAIN 2-D TILE BUFFERED . . CLUSTER CONSTELLATION ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER

.

CLUSTER

CONSTELLATION

Superblock 1-D CHAIN 2-D TILE BUFFERED . . CLUSTER CONSTELLATION ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL MODEL
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
Superblock 1-D CHAIN 2-D TILE BUFFERED . . CLUSTER CONSTELLATION ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
Superblock 1-D CHAIN 2-D TILE BUFFERED . . CLUSTER CONSTELLATION ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
Superblock 1-D CHAIN 2-D TILE BUFFERED . . CLUSTER CONSTELLATION ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL
APPENDIXVISION ANAM MODEL MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY MODEL MODEL Parcels Initially, each
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
MODEL
MODEL
Parcels
Initially, each land transfer will pass two equal 15x30m parcels to Anam
families. This will allow them to build a self sufficient home on one parcel,
and then to preserve the second parcel, either as an income generator or for
use by future family.
permeable
laneway
transportation
solar
power
future
expansion
rainwater
biogas
domestic
storage
garden
shared courtyard
bioswale
filtration garden
vacant
lot under cultivation
.
.

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

Systems

APPENDIXANAM METRICSMOBILITY Systems . Land 1. Land Ownership 2. Context Map 3. Growing a New City

.

Land

1. Land Ownership

2. Context Map

3. Growing a New City

4. Mapping the Land

5. Ecological Urbanism and Ruban Development

6. Process and Drivers of Land Use

7. Land Use

8. Green Infrastructure

9. Public Spaces

N’ime Anam, ani dika oge egburu

egbu n’ihe niile obula, supuru ha ma kekwara ya ndi obodo niile.

Obodo ohuru Anam ga arukwa ulo

maka ebe mepere emepe na kwa ebe na emepeghi emepe maka emume odimma ndi mmadu.

In Anam, land is a timeless element, respected and shared by the entire community. Anam New City will make room for urban and rural programs so different people can benefit.

.

room for urban and rural programs so different people can benefit. . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
room for urban and rural programs so different people can benefit. . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND
room for urban and rural programs so different people can benefit. . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND
room for urban and rural programs so different people can benefit. . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

LAND

I conceive that land belongs to a vast family of which many are dead,feware living and countless yet unborn.

Elesi of Odogbolu

A Nigerian chief to the West African land commission in 1912

.

.

A Nigerian chief to the West African land commission in 1912 . . MODEL URBAN LAND
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
A Nigerian chief to the West African land commission in 1912 . . MODEL URBAN LAND
A Nigerian chief to the West African land commission in 1912 . . MODEL URBAN LAND
A Nigerian chief to the West African land commission in 1912 . . MODEL URBAN LAND

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

LAND

Land Ownership

COMMUNITY EQUITY PRODUCTIVITY QUALITY DIVERSITY MOBILITY PROSPERITY VITALITY 1 = + % X > N
COMMUNITY
EQUITY
PRODUCTIVITY
QUALITY
DIVERSITY
MOBILITY
PROSPERITY
VITALITY
1
=
+
%
X
>
N
!
Strategies

In Africa, access and rights to land is a critical element in economic develop -

ment, poverty alleviation and security. Thus, rules that gover n how land is al -

located and used, and who benefits from its product is an important political and socio-economic concer n. A secure right to land is often a precondition for investment and stakeholdership.

Community All land is communally held and initially allocated through traditional leadership councils overseeing a Community Trust Fund. Land is viewed as a common asset and resource, usable by and reaping benefits for all members of the community. Thus, over time, increased demand for land, together with public investment in infrastructure, will increase land value and create revenue for the entire community and support additional public improvements.

Farmers & Families Farmers with secure or long-term land rights are more likely to invest their full effort or make long-term improvements to the land, increasing productivity and their prospect of wealth creation. All residential plots of land in rurban Anam are sized to provide space for future building expansion, subdivision for gen - erational transfer and/or small farms. This creates a greater social safety net and improves food security for households.

Entrepreneurs & Developers

A well-functioning land institution and market improves the investment climate

where transferable land titles can be used as collateral in accessing credit. Because land is community-owned, developers own improvements only and agree to lease terms established by the community’s leadership council. All businesses are required to contribute 10% of their profits to a community trust fund each year.

* The Federal Nigerian Gover nment claims all petroleum and mineral resource extraction rights in Nigeria and can acquire anyone’s land for this purpose. There is currently no plans for mineral exploration or extraction.

.

THE ANAM COMMUNITY Consistent with traditional practice, land is viewed as a communal asset and
THE ANAM
COMMUNITY
Consistent with traditional
practice, land is viewed
as a communal asset and
resource, usable by and
reaping benefits for all
members of the community.
FAMILIES & FARMERS Small land holdings are designed for use by families or farmers to
FAMILIES &
FARMERS
Small land holdings are
designed for use by families
or farmers to encourage long-
term tenancy and security for
individuals for the future growth
of their family and farms.
for the future growth of their family and farms. DEVELOPERS Because land is community- owned, developers
DEVELOPERS Because land is community- owned, developers own the improvements to the land only and
DEVELOPERS
Because land is community-
owned, developers own the
improvements to the land
only and agree to lease terms
established by the community’s
leadership council.

.

ENTREPRENUERS A mixed-use urban area, the city will support a diverse range of businesses who
ENTREPRENUERS
A mixed-use urban area, the city
will support a diverse range of
businesses who may use land with
permission from the community
and are required to return 10% of
their profits to the community.
and are required to return 10% of their profits to the community. MODEL URBAN LAND LAND
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
and are required to return 10% of their profits to the community. MODEL URBAN LAND LAND
and are required to return 10% of their profits to the community. MODEL URBAN LAND LAND
and are required to return 10% of their profits to the community. MODEL URBAN LAND LAND

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

LAND

LAND

Context

.

.

APPENDIXANAM METRICSMOBILITY LAND LAND Context . . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY 82 83
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
APPENDIXANAM METRICSMOBILITY LAND LAND Context . . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY 82 83
APPENDIXANAM METRICSMOBILITY LAND LAND Context . . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY 82 83
APPENDIXANAM METRICSMOBILITY LAND LAND Context . . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY 82 83
APPENDIXANAM MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY METRICSMOBILITY LAND How can we grow a
APPENDIXANAM
MODEL
URBAN
LAND
LAND
WATER
ENERGY
ECONOMY
METRICSMOBILITY
LAND
How can we grow a new kind of African city in Anam?
+
Starting with small beginnings the Anam process plants several seed
projects into the landscape in order to germinate growth and innovation. In
many ways Anam City can be considered a nursery; a nursery of economic
growth, for technology and innovation in efficient and sustainable ways to
live in Africa. Thus the city is not a transplanted population or an all-to-once
construction, but something that will be seeded, planted, and cultivated
organically over time. The urban design and land use plans have been crafted
to inspire proliferation. Planting seed projects and infrastructure systems in
distributed nodes they can self-propagate and expand, setting in motion a
chain of reactions both physically and socioeconomically as new supporting
housing, businesses and infrastructures are needed.
H
health clinic
+
school
+
fish farm
illo
poultry farm
brick factory
We will plant seed projects.

.

.

APPENDIXANAM MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY METRICSMOBILITY LAND LAND Mapping the Land With
APPENDIXANAM
MODEL
URBAN
LAND
LAND
WATER
ENERGY
ECONOMY
METRICSMOBILITY
LAND
LAND
Mapping the Land
With the range of online and digital tools available for mapping, the Anam
City design team has developed an accessible approach to converting site
data into a workable design format. Engineering surveys can be costly and
time consuming, so for a non-profit community-based project, purchasing
a third-party survey was not feasible at this stage in the project. With a
handheld GPS any community can execute their own mapping project for
local development and planning initiatives. GPS data helped to generate
existing conditions and to produce site adaptive urban design drawings
based. As the city develops, individual buildings and infrastructure can
be created in Google Sketchup and submitted to the Google Earth online
database.
gps_water landing
gps_plant
gps_traditional site
gps_walk
gps_water-edge
gps_infrastrucutre
gps_infrastrucutre
gps_misc
gps_water
gps_building
gps_road
gps_land

.

.

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

Ecological Urbanism

APPENDIXANAM METRICSMOBILITY Ecological Urbanism The existing ecological systems on the Anam land have played a
The existing ecological systems on the Anam land have played a significant role in defining
The existing ecological systems on the Anam land have played a significant
role in defining the urban design and infrastructure systems for Anam City.
The landscape gradient from aquatic to wooded areas of the land match with
existing land use practices throughout the history of this area. A healthy
city will operate in balance with the natural ecosystems and develop its own
systems that are based on ecology or that enhance existing ecologies on the
land.
PONDS
PONDS

Low lands on the western boundary become ponds collecting rainwater as well as an extensive waterway during the flood.

WET DOMESTIC SAVANNAH MEADOWS GARDENS
WET
DOMESTIC
SAVANNAH
MEADOWS
GARDENS

Tall grasses are

Food, medicinal

home to extensive and decorative

wildlife including

plants buffer

houses from

spaces.

Scrub brush, grasslands are thickly wild areas inhabited by bush rodents and birds.

WOODLANDS
WOODLANDS

Lush swads of wooded forests on the highest part of the land, containing large trees for food, shade, and sacred deities.

EBENEBE TREES
EBENEBE
TREES

Beautiful,

invaluable and

resilient through

flooding, the

Ebenebe tree is the insects and when uninhabited

embodiment of the flooded, fish. land itself.

birds, frogs,

BAMBOO FOREST AGRICUL- THICKET MOSAIC TURE
BAMBOO
FOREST
AGRICUL-
THICKET
MOSAIC
TURE

Bamboo clumps of various sizes create pleasant

interruptions to the agricultural area,

forest.

Large trees and wooded clumps dot the

Wetlands are currently dominated by extensive yam &

creating a diverse cassava farming.

and interesting

landscape.

RIPARIAN AQUATIC
RIPARIAN
AQUATIC

Soft edge of Ebenebe with a mix of large and small trees provides varying levels of erosion control.

The Ezichi river is a throughway for people and is home to a diversity of aquatic plants & animals.

.

.

people and is home to a diversity of aquatic plants & animals. . . MODEL URBAN
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
people and is home to a diversity of aquatic plants & animals. . . MODEL URBAN
people and is home to a diversity of aquatic plants & animals. . . MODEL URBAN
people and is home to a diversity of aquatic plants & animals. . . MODEL URBAN

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

water, above and

5. Nurture a chain of decentralized nodes

and work

constraints

6. Propagate growth from nodes

wetlands & farms

LAND

How does it work?

1. Prioritize below flow of ground.
1. Prioritize below
flow of ground.

2. Build on high ground

3. Conserve within environmental
3. Conserve
within environmental
+ clinic + school + fish farm + illo market + + block factory 4.
+
clinic
+
school
+
fish farm
+
illo
market +
+
block factory
4. Plant seed projects
+ + + + + +
+
+
+
+
+
+
+ clinic + school + fish farm + illo market + + block factory 4. Plant

.

.

+ + block factory 4. Plant seed projects + + + + + + . .
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
+ + block factory 4. Plant seed projects + + + + + + . .
+ + block factory 4. Plant seed projects + + + + + + . .
+ + block factory 4. Plant seed projects + + + + + + . .
APPENDIXANAM MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY METRICSMOBILITY LAND Land Use COMMUNITY EQUITY
APPENDIXANAM
MODEL
URBAN
LAND
LAND
WATER
ENERGY
ECONOMY
METRICSMOBILITY
LAND
Land Use
COMMUNITY
EQUITY
PRODUCTIVITY
QUALITY
DIVERSITY
MOBILITY
PROSPERITY
VITALITY
1
=
+
%
X
>
N
!
Strategies
Land use planning is concerned with the allocation and arrangement of land
to achieve efficient and desired development. Land use and zoning practices
not only shape the city residents’ lifestyle and quality of life, but also have
a major impact on the natural resources. Therefore it is the objective of the
ANAM land use plan to create an efficient and flexible way to use land while
minimizing the impacts of the development on natural resources. Another
major concern is to create a pleasant and distinct urban character that
reflects and fosters the unity of Anam people.
Health Node
Education Node
Technopole
Fish Farm Node
#1
THE FISH FARM NODE IS PHASE 1
Agropolitan territory for farming
illo Node
Hotel Resort & Marina
Agroindustrial Node
Market Node
Poultry Farm
#1
THE BRICK FACTORY IS PHASE 1
City Wetland Park
Elopu Farm & Wetland Area
Node + Seed Project
Neighborhoods
Farmland
Regional Connector Roads
Ologwulogwu Educational Farms & Ponds
Otosi Bamboo Preserve
Agropolitan territory for farming
Market Access Corridor

.

.

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

LAND

The ANAM land use plan aims to achieve these objectives by incorporating:

Urban nodes

Mixed-use corridors

Self-contained neighborhoods

A continuous green system

Recommendations

Integrate the natural features of the site to the Master Plan as green fingers, preservation areas, agricultural areas, and

Create a dynamic and flexible plan to accommodate future growth

Develop a land use scheme that encourages mass transit and walking

Promote self-contained neighborhoods of 5,000 people with localized service centers and some shared major social facilities

Include development of mixed-use centers at various levels (regional, community, neighborhood)

Encourage mixed-use development corridors, especially along major transit routes

Apply energy conservative land use practices

Ensure affordability and residential diversity

Encourage mix of housing densities throughout the city

Enhance the waterfront as a social and commercial amenity

Indicators

Population that does not exceed 25,000 people within the agropolitan territory. Additional population will be located in planned satellite communities.

Neighborhoods that do not exceed 5,000 people

Neighborhood centers and social facilities within 15 minutes walking distance operating at or below maximum capacity

Maximum 15 minutes walking distance to transit and green infrastructure

Site Selection

Though unique as a site for an urban area, the location for the first phase of ANAM CITY was selected by the community for their new settlement because it is their land. It was not feasible for them to consider the purchase of new property elsewhere. The Anam people have a tradition of establishing new settlements, and Anam City will be their fourth of such initiatives, and is considered PHASE FOUR in their history.

.

Unlike many new cities, the agropolitan area will evolve organically over time, rather than all-to-once. In this way it can continue to grow, be tested and evaluated, and change over time and as needed. The systems are also designed to grown in this way, scalable and decentralized to adjust to fast or slow variations in population.

Key seed businesses can inspire economic activity and propagate ecological connectivity between urban systems, while providing the most basic offering

Anam City is 445 hectare agropolitan territory in Southeastern Nigeria 8 ha 21 ha 9
Anam City is
445 hectare
agropolitan territory
in Southeastern Nigeria
8 ha
21 ha
9 ha
39 ha
OTOSI
ELOPU
ANAMNEWCITY
IRUANI
ALOSA
AGBATAAMEKA
OGOUYWO

.

ha OTOSI ELOPU ANAMNEWCITY IRUANI ALOSA AGBATAAMEKA OGOUYWO . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
ha OTOSI ELOPU ANAMNEWCITY IRUANI ALOSA AGBATAAMEKA OGOUYWO . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY
ha OTOSI ELOPU ANAMNEWCITY IRUANI ALOSA AGBATAAMEKA OGOUYWO . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY
ha OTOSI ELOPU ANAMNEWCITY IRUANI ALOSA AGBATAAMEKA OGOUYWO . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY
APPENDIXANAM MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY METRICSMOBILITY LAND Land Use
APPENDIXANAM
MODEL
URBAN
LAND
LAND
WATER
ENERGY
ECONOMY
METRICSMOBILITY
LAND
Land Use
72%AGROPOLITANTERRITORY(farmland +wetlands)
28%URBANAXISCORE
9%
10%
12%
15%
18%
33%
URBANAXISCORE
9% Agroindustrial
10% Special Culture Zones
12% Green Infrastructure + Roads
15% Urban Core High Density Zone
18% Hybrid Medium Density Zone
33% Neighborhood Low Density Zone

.

.

APPENDIXANAM MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY METRICSMOBILITY LAND Green Infrastructure COMMUNITY
APPENDIXANAM
MODEL
URBAN
LAND
LAND
WATER
ENERGY
ECONOMY
METRICSMOBILITY
LAND
Green Infrastructure
COMMUNITY
EQUITY
PRODUCTIVITY
QUALITY
DIVERSITY
MOBILITY
PROSPERITY
VITALITY
1
=
+
%
X
>
N
!
Strategies
ANAM’s green infrastructure describes the network of multifunctional natural
resources and ecosystem in the region including essential features.The key
components of ANAM’s green infrastructure include the Ezichi River, dense
forestry, seasonal wetlands, parks, open spaces, productive landscapes, and
recreational areas.
Since the preservation of natural habitats and ecology within the urban devel-
opment is a key consideration, these same spaces will be used strategically
to balance biological systems, regulate micro-climate, weave greenspaces
strategically into and throughout the city, and beautify the urban landscape.
Strategies to integrate, preserve and optimize the green infrastructure within
the master plan include:
• Integrated green spaces, wetlands, ponds and agricultural areas for productive
and decorative purposes within urban fabric
• A continuous and accessible system of environmentally significant areas
• Enhanced waterfront as a social and commercial amenity
bioswale

.

.

APPENDIXANAM

METRICSMOBILITY

Recommendations

Integrate the natural features of the site to the Master Plan as green fingers, preservation areas, agricultural areas

Preserve and enrich key ecosystems

Create a continuous and accessible system of environmentally significant areas

Enhance the waterfront as a social and commercial amenity

Ensure public access to green spaces within walking distance of every building

Integrate urban agriculture to the green network scheme

Indicators

At least 70% of city preserved as multi-functional open space with productive and recreational green infrastructure

Prohibited/limited development away from waterfront, swamps and wetlands

Extensive public access to green walkways and spaces

Increased diversity in the fauna and the flora

Decreased flooding

Reduced impervious spaces as compared to traditional urban developments

spaces as compared to traditional urban developments native vegetation that can tolerate dry and very wet

native vegetation that can tolerate dry and very wet conditions

water run off from hard surfaces

gravel underlayer to maximize water absorption and facilitate drainage

(optional) underdrain perforated pipe

bioswale

.

Green Infrastructure means

Recharging the water table with permeable surfaces and percolation infrastructure

Recharging the water table with permeable surfaces and percolation infrastructure

Building streets with bioswales for drainage instead of concrete gutters

Building streets with bioswales for drainage instead of concrete gutters

Using low impact designs that mitigate erosion on slopes

Using low impact designs that mitigate erosion on slopes

Increasing tree cover to cool the air and create shade

Increasing tree cover to cool the air and create shade

Including parks, farms, wetlands and landscape as part of the city

Including parks, farms, wetlands and landscape as part of the city

Designing beautiful habitats for people and animals

Designing beautiful habitats for people and animals

.

the city Designing beautiful habitats for people and animals . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY
MODEL
MODEL
URBAN
URBAN
LAND LAND
LAND
LAND
WATER
WATER
ENERGY
ENERGY
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
the city Designing beautiful habitats for people and animals . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY
the city Designing beautiful habitats for people and animals . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY
the city Designing beautiful habitats for people and animals . MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY
APPENDIXANAM MODEL URBAN LAND LAND WATER ENERGY ECONOMY METRICSMOBILITY LAND LAND E. Learning Landscape Public
APPENDIXANAM
MODEL
URBAN
LAND
LAND
WATER
ENERGY
ECONOMY
METRICSMOBILITY
LAND
LAND
E. Learning Landscape
Public Spaces
D1. Waterfront Edge:
Dynamic Waterfront
Condition
An outdoor classroom that is a park
around the school and may extend
into adjacent wetlands or riverfront.
Consider a playground that could
produce edible food, but also be an
extension of the school itself with
shaded/sheltered spaces that allow
outdoor exploration in hot/rainy
weather. Learning landscape is also
connected to technology hub, facili-
tating information flow, access and
advancement for multiple users.
A. Half House/Half Farm
A waterfront park that performs
urbanistically but also negotiates
the soft edge between the city and
the river/canal - which changes in
elevation by 20-30 feet annually.
C1. Public Landscape
Axis: Transit Node
Transit Node: A multimodal transit
axis that connects a riverfront (or
canal) dock/landing to the urban
node and public paratransit stop
at the community utility block (“m.
illo”). Develop a concept for the
paratransit and/or water taxi stop,
to understand the relationship of
road to bioswale to sidewalk to
trees/urban green infrastructure and
wetlands.
Landscape design for a house
representing a basic module for
affordable housing. The House
(compound & incremental) is sited
on a 15x30m lot, with an adjacent
15x30 m lot for future expansion.
The House is fully “off-the-grid” -
and the “yard” incorporates systems
of rainwater collection, biogas, solar
&
a garden for graywater. Additional
green infrastructure can include
planted privacy walls, green screens,
porous paving, and using landscape
to choreograph communal living.
B. Fish Farm as Public
Park
D2. Waterfront Edge:
F. Agro-Industrial:
Civic Waterfront
Working Waterfront:
This waterfront edge is part of
the larger ‘ecological/industrial’
polyculture that connect demand
and outputs(waste) from the various
businesses. Highly resilient to heavy
human impacts the edge may also
function as a market space, and
home to smaller cottage industries
or kiosks.
C2. Public Landscape
Axis: Pocket Parks
An “urban” waterfront and highly
impacted landscape near the
convention center/hotel that
As a floating public greenspace with
a private center; the fish farm will be
built on a section of the river which
floods seasonally. Berms will sur-
round the fish farm to help regulate
water levels as well as provide an
above-water pedestrian path for
people to dock their boats and ac-
cess the city proper. The berms will
also be planted with bamboo to help
secure the soil profile, and mixed
with other trees (plantain, banana)
to provide food and shade the fish
ponds.
is
‘ecological’ but resilient to
A
park typology that can be de-
ployed throughout the city and has
some added function (like collecting
both heavy human traffic and
the seasonal water fluctuation.
Programmatically it can includes
or
filtering water, or solar panels as
a
marina, boardwalks, outdoor
shade structures). This could also
be a greenway/parkway.
fur niture, small vending kiosks and
public gathering spaces.

.

.

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

WATER . 104
WATER
.
104

Systems

Water

1. Bioregional Approach

2. Healthy Watershed

3. Water Supply

4. Water System

5. Rainwater Harvesting

Mmili buka ngosi ma bukwalu ihe

isi ike di n’ime Anam. Imeputa ihe n’mmili Anam icho ihe di n’ime ya mma, nakwa imepe ya na oge, na iru kwa ihe achoro iru nakwa iku ihe ga ano ogo logo oge n’ebe mmili gas esi na aga n’ebe mmili ozizo ga esi agasi ike unwata unwa n’okiri kiri obodo a hu.

Water is both a blessing and a hardship in Anam. The Anam water system will strategically design water infrastructure, so that the annual flooding and heavy rainfall can be a positive natural force in the cycles of the city.

.

rainfall can be a positive natural force in the cycles of the city. . ANAM MODEL
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER WATER
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY
rainfall can be a positive natural force in the cycles of the city. . ANAM MODEL
rainfall can be a positive natural force in the cycles of the city. . ANAM MODEL
rainfall can be a positive natural force in the cycles of the city. . ANAM MODEL

105

APPENDIXVISION ANAM MODEL LAND WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY WATER A Bioregional Approach Yenisey Kolyma
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
WATER
A Bioregional Approach
Yenisey
Kolyma
Ob
Lena
1.
WORLD
Yukon
Mackenzie
Nelson
St. Lawrence
Danube
Amur
Volga
2. CONTINENT
Mississippi
Euphrates & Tigris
3. BIOREGION
NIGER RIVER WATERSHED
Huang He
Ganges
4. COUNTRY
Yangtze
DRINKING
&
DOMESTIC USE
5. STATE
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
TRANSPORTATION
ENERGY GENERATION
AGRICULTURAL IRRIGATION
RECREATION
Nile
ANAMBRA RIVER WATERSHED
6. REGION
Indus
EZICHI RIVER WATERSHED
7. AGROPOLITAN
8. ANAM CITY
9. COMMUNITY
10. NEIGHBORHOOD
Amazon
11. ECOSYSTEM
Lake Chad Basin
12. BLOCK
The NIGER RIVER BASIN is located in
western Africa and covers 7.5% of
the continent, spanning ten countries,
including Nigeria.
13. PARCEL
Congo
Zambezi
Orange
Paraná
Total area of the country (km2) = 923,770
Area of the country within the basin (km2) = 584193
As % of total area of basin (%) = 25.7
As % of total area of country (%) = 63.2
Average annual rainfall in the basin area (mm) = 535 min.,
2845 max., 1185 mean
Murray Darling
[Source: FAO Land and Water Development Division]
Major Rivers and Watersheds of the World

106

.

.

107

APPENDIXVISION ANAM MODEL LAND WATER WATER SOCIAL ECONOMY MOBILITYENERGY WATER Sahara Desert The Niger River
APPENDIXVISION
ANAM
MODEL
LAND
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
MOBILITYENERGY
WATER
Sahara Desert
The Niger River
Watershed Covers
62% of Nigeria
MALI
NIGER
NIGER RIVER BASIN
BURKINO FASO
GUINEA
BENIN
NIGERIA
SIERRA LEONE
CAMEROON
Niger River Delta
ATLANTIC OCEAN
Niger River Watershed and Flood Plain spans eight countries.

108

.

.

109

APPENDIXVISION

MOBILITYENERGY

WATER

Healthy Watershed

EQUITY PRODUCTIVITY QUALITY DIVERSITY MOBILITY VITALITY = + % X > !
EQUITY
PRODUCTIVITY
QUALITY
DIVERSITY
MOBILITY
VITALITY
=
+
%
X
>
!

Living with Flooding

The Niger & Anambra River Basin is home to the Anam people. The eight traditional communities of Anam are currently spread across the region generally known as a river flood plain. For more than three months each year, this area is transformed into pervasive marshlands due to low elevation and flat terrain. During the rainy season, the region can receive up to 200cm of rainfall. At its peak, water levels rise can rise up to 3 meters in some areas and farmers are forced to leave their farms to stay at highland settlements with relatives. Roadways are cut off forcing schools, farming and other activities to be suspended until the floodwaters recede.

The Challenge of Balance

Annual flooding has become a part of life for the Anam people and they travel throughout the region from farm to market on the rivers by canoe to conduct trade. They respond to the natural hydrological systems for their survival and have innovated many solutions for managing their resources during the floods. On farm settlements, farmers build flexible farm storage and construct mounds and hummocks near their housing for protection. The wetland condition resulting from the floods are a critical contributor to regional biodiversity and ecological strength. The seasonal floodwaters serve as natural irrigation and deposits nutrient-rich sediments on to farmlands. However, increasing population and urbanization creates pressure on the hydrologic system in this riverine area. Conventional development causes wetland areas to be reduced, which damages water supply and quality. A depleted flood plain also increases risk of flooding in other areas of the region as water rushes in during the rainy season and as water levels rise in response to global climate change.

A Community Wide Response

While the flooding offers many benefits to agriculture and the ecology, it creates great hardship to the people of Anam, forcing a subsistence lifestyle and cutting them off from social services. The Anam communities are faced with the challenge of balancing environmental protection with an urgent need to improve human quality of life. An ecologically balanced response with integrated watershed management is needed to ensure that both humans and the environment survive. In a rare regional and cross- community collaboration, leaders from the eight traditional Anam settlements have joined together to address their development needs in a broader, more cohesive manner. With this approach, the Rebirth Council is embarking on a remarkable community-led process, a model at the forefront of best practices in Regional Planning & Development.

110

.

FEB: lowest water level of Anambra & Ezichi Rivers
FEB: lowest water level of Anambra & Ezichi Rivers
JUN: rainy season starts
JUN: rainy season starts
of Anambra & Ezichi Rivers JUN: rainy season starts SEPT: major flooding begins OCT: peak flooding
of Anambra & Ezichi Rivers JUN: rainy season starts SEPT: major flooding begins OCT: peak flooding
of Anambra & Ezichi Rivers JUN: rainy season starts SEPT: major flooding begins OCT: peak flooding
SEPT: major flooding begins OCT: peak flooding
SEPT: major flooding begins OCT: peak flooding

SEPT: major flooding begins

SEPT: major flooding begins
SEPT: major flooding begins OCT: peak flooding
SEPT: major flooding begins OCT: peak flooding

OCT: peak flooding

OCT: peak flooding

Water levels in the Anam region change drastically over the year

.

Water levels in the Anam region change drastically over the year . ANAM MODEL LAND WATER
ANAM
ANAM
MODEL
MODEL
LAND
LAND
WATER WATER
WATER
WATER
SOCIAL
SOCIAL
ECONOMY
ECONOMY