AND Bt( t' NiINC


t'\.{'L --/-}

rAaLE rrr r 2 I 4 t 6 7 8 9 ro
12 I]


and Durarions ofrhe Ten?oftlHierarc|ry.

\4 ri r6 17 r8 19 20 2I 22 21 24
2t 26

(72.,r billion [ro'] years) divided by 64 "= ft.t29 million [ro,] years) 618,000 yeart G7, (27t,6ooyeart (4,to6 years, 97.j da'.s) (67 years, roa.r5days) $84 days 13lunations) (6 days) Gtr minuress) Gzz secondg G.r8 secondd (.o; secondd X 1 0 ! s ec I.o 9o ofrokfrequency sound) " 4.828 x to.sec Ganse Lo"sec Ganceof low frequency radio) " 7.5q4x r.r79x ro'sec Gange high-frequenq' of radio)" I.841x ro,sec (range ultra'highof frequency radio) 2.877x ro" sec (rangeof extremcly highfrequency radio) x ro'Jsec Ganseofinfrared) 4.496 of 7.026x ro "sec (rartge visiblespecoum) x r.o9E ro'"sec (rarge of x-ray radiation) t.7rj X ro ssec (range garnma of radiation) 2.680 ro -sec Ganseof gamma radiation) x x of 4.188 ro "sec Ganse sammaradiarion) 6.i41x ro'lsec (ange of gammaradiation) I.o22 X Io I'sec (range pmma rad;adon) of r.597 x ro'1 sec (rarge of PlarcL's constant) 2,2,80 ro"sec X X 1.t62 to'sec t.t66 x Io'1sec 8.697x ro''s€c r.li9 x ro"sec 2.r2Jx ro"sec J.tr8x ro:sec t.r84 x ro,sec 8.roox rorsec r.266x ro'sec


valucs weft.

culatcd ro s,elve sjgdiicrnr int€e6 md th€n rounited of ro totrr

Table rn disphs a nbddr hienichy ofrenpor3t intetuals requiring Me,ry_ six lads o dscribe thc toEliry of tempoht qiste.<. our .;i." ;, rhr Figuresrr, 2t, and 26 arc descdpdve ofau and anl' one ofrh€se l€vels.