# SELVAM COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, NAMAKKAL DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 080280005 CIRCUIT THEORY UNIT I BASIC CIRCUIT

ANALYSIS 1. What is a graph of network? When all elements in a network are replaced by lines with circles of dos at both ends. 2. What is tree of a network? It is an interconnected open set of branches which include all the nodes of the given graph. 3. Give the properties of tree in a graph. It consists of all the nodes of the graph If the graph has N no of nodes the tree will have N-I branches There will be no closed path in the tree There can be many possible different trees for a given graph depending on the no of nodes and branches. 4. Define Ohms Law. The potential difference across any two ends of a conductor is directly proportional to the current flowing between the two ends provided the temperature of the conductor remains constant. 5. Define Quality factor. The quality factor is defined as the ratio of maximum energy stored to the energy dissipated in one period. 6. What are half power frequencies? In RLC circuits the frequencies at which the power is half the max/min power are called half power frequencies.

7. Define selectivity. It is defined as the ratio of bandwidth and resonant frequency. 8. Write the characteristics of series resonance. At resonance impedance in min and equal to resistance therefore current is max. Before resonant frequency the circuit behaves as capacitive circuit and above resonant frequency the circuit will behave as inductive circuit. At resonance the magnitude of voltage across the inductance and capacitance will be Q times the supply voltage but they are in phase opposition. 9. What is anti resonance? In RLC parallel circuit the current is min at resonance whereas in series resonance the current is max. Therefore the parallel resonance is called anti resonance. 10. Write the characteristics of parallel resonance. At resonance admittance in min and equal to conductance therefore the current is min. Below resonant frequency the circuits behave as inductive circuit and above resonant frequency the circuit behaves as capacitive circuit. At resonance the magnitude of current through inductance and capacitance will be q times the current supplied by the source but they are in phase opposition. 11. Define KCL KCL states that the algebraic sum of currents in node is zero. 12. Define KVL KVL states that the algebraic sum of voltages in a closed path is zero. 13. What is meant by linear and nonlinear elements? Linear element shows the linear characteristics of voltage Vs current. Nonlinear element the current passing through it does not change linearity with the linear change in applied voltage at a particular frequency. 14. What is meant by active and passive elements? If a circuit element has the capability of enhancing the energy level of a signal passing through it is called an active element.

Passive elements do not have any intrinsic means of signal boosting. 15. What is meant by unilateral and bilateral elements? If the magnitude of the current passing through an element is affected due to change in the polarity of the applied voltage is called unilateral elements. If the current magnitude remains the same even if the applied EMFs polarity is changed is called bilateral elements. 16. What is a dual network? In an electrical circuit itself there are pairs of terms, which can be interchanged to get new circuits. Such pair of dual terms is given below Current- Voltage Open- Short L-C R-G Series – Parallel Voltage source- Current source KCL-KVL 17. Give the steps to draw a Dual Network In each loop of a network place a node Draw the lines connecting adjacent nodes passing through each element and also to the reference node. 18. Mention the disadvantages of Ohm’s Law. It does not apply to all non metallic conductors It also does not apply to non linear devices such as zener diode, vacuum tubes etc. It is true for metal conductors at constant temperature. If the temperature changes the law is not applicable.

They convert some energy in to electrical form. 22. 21. What is a node? A node is a point in a network in which two or more elements have a common connection. S No 1 Series circuit Parallel circuit The total effective resistance is the sum of the individual resistance ie Reff=R1+R2+……Rn The reciprocal of the total effective resistance is the sum of the reciprocals of individual resistance 1/Reff= 1/R1+1/R2+…. 4 The voltage across each resistance is same which will be equal to the input voltage.1/Rn 2 Only one path for the current flow More than one path for the current to flow The current flowing through each resistance is different 3 The current flowing through all the resistances will be the same and equal to the total current The voltage is divided across each resistance according to the value of resistance.19. What are dependent and independent sources? The electrical energy supplied by dependent sources a source of electrical energy. What are the classifications of Circuit elements? Active element Passive element Lumped and distributed elements Bilateral and unilateral elements Linear and non linear elements. 20. The electrical energy supplied by independent source does not depend on another electrical source. Compare series and parallel circuit. .

A mesh is defined as a loop which does not contain any other loops with in it. If the resistances are connected end to end the combination is said to be series. 29. 24. multiplied by the total current in the circuit. State voltage division rule. What is a super node? The region surrounding a voltage source which connects the two nodes directly called super node. 31. 26. 25. What is principle node? The meeting point of three or more elements is called principle node. 28. The loop existing around a current source which is common to the two loops is called super mesh. Define mesh. 27.23. Define series and parallel connection. Voltage across a resistor in series circuit is equal to the total voltage across the series elements multiplied by the value of that resistor divided by the total resistance of the series elements. 30. . What is a closed path? A closed path which starts at a node and travels through some part of the circuit and arrives at the same node without crossing the node or more than once. What is a planar circuit? A circuit is said to be non planar if it cannot be drawn on a plane surface without crossovers. The current in any branch is equal to the ratio of the opposite parallel branch resistances to the total resistance value. State current division rule. Define super mesh.

determine the current through the 2 ohm resistor and the total current delivered by the battery. Use Kirchhoff’s laws. In the circuit shown. 4. (8) . b) total current supplied by the source and c) power delivered to 16 ohm resistor in the circuit shown in figure. Calculate a) the equivalent resistances across the terminals of the supply. 2. Find the current through each branch by network reduction technique.PART B 1. 3. (i) Determine the current through 800 ohm resistor in the network shown in figure.

(i) Explain : Kirchoff laws. (10) (ii) Discuss about voltage and current division principles. find the current delivered by the battery. (6) 6. (4) 7. i)Determine the value of V2 such that the current through the impedance (3+j4) ohm is zero. (8) 5. (4) Dependent sources (2) Source transformations (2) With relevant diagrams. . (i) In the network shown below. Voltage division and current division rule (4) (ii) Calculate the resistance between the terminals A – B.(ii) Find the power dissipated in 10 ohm resistor for the circuit shown in figure.

8. Find the nodal voltages in the circuit of figure. Find the node voltages V1 and V2 and also the current supplied by the source for the circuit shown below. 10. .ii) Find the current through branch a-b using mesh analysis shown in figure below. Determine the mesh currents I1 and I2 for the given circuit shown below 9.

Using Mesh analysis. Solve for V1 and V2 using nodal method. Use nodal voltage method to find the voltages of nodes ‘m’ and ‘n’ and currents through j2 ohm and –j2 ohm reactance in the network shown below. 13.11. 14. . find all the node voltages and currents in 1/3 ohm and 1/5 ohm resistances of figure. 12. i) Using the node voltage analysis. find current through 4 ohm resistor. explain the rules for constructing mesh impedance matrix and solving the matrix equation [Z]I = V. ii) For the mesh-current analysis. Let V = 100V.

15. . For the circuit shown find the current I flowing through 2 ohm resistance using loop analysis.

SELVAM COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY. State Norton’s theorem It states that any linear bilateral network can be replaced by a single current source. 4. It states that the response of a linear circuit with multiple sources is given by algebraic sum of response due to individual sources acting alone. State maximum power transfer theorem. 5. IN in parallel with single impedance Zth. State Thevenins theorem It states that any linear bilateral network can be replaced by a single current source VTH. NAMAKKAL DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 080280005 CIRCUIT THEORY UNIT II NETWORK REDUCTION AND NETWORK THEOREMS FOR DC AND AC CIRCUITS 1. Max power is transferred to load impedance if the load impedance is the complex conjugate of the source impedance. . State reciprocity theorem. It states that in a linear. bilateral single source circuit the ratio of excitation to the response is constant when the position of excitation and response are interchanged. Sate superposition theorem. in series with single impedance Zth 3. 2.

10. State Millman’s theorem. State the steps to solve the Thevenin’s theorem.6. State Tellegen’s theorem. State compensation theorem. 9. State the steps to solve the super position theorem. It states that if a number of voltage sources with internal impedance are in parallel then they can be combined to give a voltage source with an equivalent emf and internal impedance. 8. 7. It states that the summation of all the product of branch voltage and its current of a circuit is zero. Remove the load resistance and find the open circuit voltage VOC Deactivate the constant sources (fro voltage source remove it by internal resistance & for current source delete the source by OC) and find the internal resistance (RTH) of the source side looking through the open circuited load terminals Obtain the Thevenin’s equivalent circuit by connecting VOC in series with RTH Reconnect the load resistance across the load terminals. Let I be the current through an impedance Z in a brach of circuit. . It states that the change in current due to change in impedance in a branch will be produced by a compensation voltage source in the same branch with polarity opposing the original current. Take only one independent voltage or current source Obtain the branch currents Repeat the above for other sources To determine the net branch current just adds the currents obtained above.

State the steps to solve the Norton’s theorem. It is because of 50% of the power is unnecessarily wasted in Rth. What is the Load current in a Norton’s circuit? IL= (ISC. 17. What is the maximum power in a circuit? Max power:VOC2/4 RTH 15. Remove the load resistor and find the internal resistance of the source N/W by deactivating the constant source.RTH) / (RTH+RL) 13. But this superposition theorem is not applicable for calculation of the power. . What are the limitations of maximum power transfer theorem? The maximum efficiency can be obtained by using this theorem is only 50% . What is the load current in Thevenin’s circuit? IL= VOC / (RTH+RL) 14. What is the limitation of superposition theorem? This theorem is valid only for linear systems. Short the load terminals and find the short circuit current Norton’s equivalent circuit is drawn by keeping RTH in parallel with ISC 12.11. Power amplifiers Communication system Microwave transmission 16. This theorem can be applied for calculating the current through or voltage across in particular element. Write some applications of maximum power transfer theorem.

21. State current division rule. 22. The current and voltage sources may be inter changed without affecting the remainder of the circuit. The transformation of a given set of resistances in star to delta or vice versa proves extremely useful in circuit analysis and the apparent complexity of a given circuit can sometime by very much reduced. this technique is the source transformation. It is the tool for simplifying the circuit. 18. It is applied to all linear circuits including electronic circuits represented by the controlled source. Explain the purpose of star delta transformation. V1=(R1)*V/ (R1+R2) 19. multiplied by the total current in the circuit. This theorem is useful when it is desired to know the effect of the response in network or varying part of the network.Therefore this theorem only applicable for communication circuits and not for power circuits where efficiency is greater importance rather than power delivered. Current in any branch is equal to the ratio of the opposite paralel branch resistance to the total resistance value. . I1=(R2)*I/(R1+R2) 20. Define source transformtion. Voltage across a resistor in a series ciruict is equal to the total voltage across elements mulitiplied by the value of that resistor divided by the total resistance of the series elements. State voltgae division rule. List the applications of Thevinins theorem.

(16) 4.PART – B 1. i) Find the current through branch a-b network using Thevenin’s theorem. Determine Thevenin’s equivalent across the terminals AB for the circuit shown in figure below. (16) 3. to left of the terminals ab. Find the Thevenins’s equivalent circuit of the circuit shown below. (i) Find the value of R and the current flowing through it in the circuit shown when the current in the branch OA is zero. (8) . Then find the current through RL = 16 ohm and 36 ohm. (8) ii) Determine the Thevenin’s equivalent for the figure (8) 2. (16) 5. Derive expressions for star connected arms in terms of delta connected arms and delta connected arms in terms of star connected arms.

(8) 7. (8) . i) Determine the Thevenin’s equivalent circuit. (8) 6.ii) Find the current in each resistor using superposition principle of figure. 8. (i)Compute the current in 23 ohm resistor using super position theorem for the circuit shown below. For the circuit shown. use superposition theorem to compute current I. (8) (ii) Determine the equivalent resistance across AB of the circuit shown in the figure below.

(8) ii) State and prove compensation theorem. Using superposition theorem calculate current through (2+j3) ohm impedance branch of the circuit shown. (8) 11. 10. (16) . (8) ii) State and prove Norton’s theorem. (8) 12. Determine the maximum power delivered to the load in the circuit.i) Find the value of RL so that maximum power is delivered to the load resistance shown in figure. determine the current in (2+j3) ohm by using superposition theorem. i) For the circuit shown.(ii) Find the equivalent resistance between B and C in figure (8) 9.

i) State and explain maximum power transfer theorem for variable Pure resistive load. Find the value of impedance Z so that maximum power will be transferred from source to load for the circuit shown. . (8) ii) Using Norton’s theorem. (16) 14. find current through 6 ohm resistance shown in figure.13.

It is defined as the ratio of bandwidth and resonant frequency. Define selectivity. At resonant frequency XL=XC 4. 7. Under resonance condition. 2. 6. the input current is in phase with applied voltage. Define series resonance.SELVAM COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY. The quality factor is defined as the ratio of maximum energy stored to the energy dissipated in one period. The total current drawn by the circuit is then in phase with the applied voltage. and the power factor will then unity. What is resonant frequency? The frequency at which resonance occurs is called resonant frequency. 5. Thus at resonance the equivalent complex impedance of the circuit has no j component. What is meant by Resonance? An A. Write the expression for the resonant frequency of a RLC series circuit. Define Quality factor. NAMAKKAL DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 080280005 CIRCUIT THEORY UNIT III RESONANCE AND COUPLED CIRCUITS 1.C circuit is said to be resonance if it behaves as a purely resistive circuit. A resonance occurs in RLC series circuit called series resonance. . What are half power frequencies? In RLC circuits the frequencies at which the power is half the max/min power are called half power frequencies. Resonant frequency fr=1/2π√LC 3.

Before resonant frequency the circuit behaves as capacitive circuit and above resonant frequency the circuit will behave as inductive circuit. What are coupled circuits? It refers to circuit involving elements with magnetic coupling. At resonance the magnitude of current through inductance and capacitance will be q times the current supplied by the source but they are in phase opposition.8. At resonance admittance in min and equal to conductance therefore the current is min. What are coupled circuits? When two or more coils are linked by magnetic flux. What is anti resonance? In RLC parallel circuit the current is min at resonance whereas in series resonance the current is max. At resonance impedance in min and equal to resistance therefore current is max. 10. What is Bandwidth and selectivity? The frequency band within the limits of lower and upper half frequency is called bandwidth. Write the characteristics of series resonance. . BW=f2-f1 Selectivity is the ratio of fr to the bandwidth Selectivity= fr / (f2-f1) 19. 18. At resonance the magnitude of voltage across the inductance and capacitance will be Q times the supply voltage but they are in phase opposition. 20. Below resonant frequency the circuits behave as inductive circuit and above resonant frequency the circuit behaves as capacitive circuit. 9. If the flux produced by an element of a circuit links other elements of the same circuit then the elements are said to be magnetic coupling. Write the characteristics of parallel resonance. Therefore the parallel resonance is called anti resonance. then the coils are called coupled circuits.

State the properties of a series RLC circuit. Define coefficient of coupling. 25. PF is unity Current at resonance is (V/(L/RC)) and is in phase with the applied voltage. In coupled coils the coefficient of coupling is defined as the raction of the total flux produced by one coil linking another coil. Define mutual inductance. When permeability is constant the mutual inductance between two coupled coils is defined as the ratio of flux linkage in one coil due to common flux and current through another coil. Define self inductance. The value of current at resonance is minimum. 24. The net reactance is zero at resonance and the impedance does not have the resistive part only. . 23. When current enter at dotted end in one coil then the mutual induced emf in the other coil is positive at dot end. 26. The applied voltage and the resulting current are in phase. What is DOT convention? The sign of mutual induced emf depends on the winding sense and the current through the coil. when also means than the p.f of RLC circuit is unity. The winding sense is decided by the manufacturer and to inform the user about the winding sense a dot is placed at one end of each coil.21. When permeability is constant the self inductance of a coil is defined as the ratio of flux linkage and current. Net impedance at resonance is max: & is equal to L/RC The admittance is min: and the net susceptance is zero at resonance. State the properties of a parallel RLC circuit. The current in the circuit is max: and is V/R amperes At resonance the circuit has got minimum impedance and max: current Frequency of resonance is given by fr=1/(2π√LC) 22.

28. The amount of coupling between to inductively coupled coils is expressed in terms of the coefficient of coupling. It states that in coupled coils current entering at the dotted terminal of one coil induce an emf in second coil which is +ve at dotted terminal of second coil.27. Define coefficient of coupling. Current entering at the un dotted terminal of one coil induce an emf in second coil which is +ve at un dotted terminal of second coil. K=M/√L1L2 . State dot rule for coupled circuit.

Find the frequency at which voltage across L and C is maximum. Find i) frequency at which current is maximum ii) impedance at this frequency and iii) voltage across inductance at this frequency.L and C. (i) Derive bandwidth for a series RLC circuit as a function of resonant frequency. (8) 5. Also calculate voltage across L and C is maximum. In the parallel RLC circuit. (ii) A series RLC circuit has Q = 75 and a pass band (between half power frequencies) of 160 Hz. (i) Explain and derive the relationships for bandwidth and half power frequencies of RLC series circuit.(16) 2. (8) 3.1H and C = 10Μf (8) 6. find the value of ω so that current and source emf are in phase. Also frequency. Calculate frequency of resonance. L = 0. (8) (ii) When connected to a 230V. Calculate the resonant frequency and the upper and lower frequencies of the pass band.02 microfarad. inductance of coil and power consumed. a coil takes 10kVA and 8kVAR.2 x 10-6 F. (i) A Pure resistor. a pure capacitor and a pure inductor are connected in parallel 50Hz supply. (i) In an RLC series circuit if ω1 and ω2 are two frequencies at which the magnitude of the current is the same and if ωr is the resonant frequency.(8) 4. It is fed from a 100V variable frequency source. L = 0.005H and C = 0. bandwidth. (i) For the circuit below. A variable frequency sinusoidal voltage of constant RMS value of 50V is applied to the circuit. prove that ω2 r = ω1ω2. calculate resonant frequency.PART – B 1. Also calculate voltages across L and C at frequency of resonance. A series RLC circuit has R=20 ohm. find the impedance of the circuit as seen by the supply. (16) 8. For this coil calculate resistance. L=0. (8) (ii) Determine the quality facto of a coil R = 10 ohm. Find maximum current in the circuit. Q-factor and across a find the resonant . 50Hz single phase supply. A series RLC circuit consists of R=100 ohm.02 H and C = 0. 7. (8) (ii) Discuss the characteristics of parallel resonance of a circuit having G. Also find the current at this frequency.

power dissipated at half power frequencies. (16) .

NAMAKKAL DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 080280005 CIRCUIT THEORY UNIT IV TRANSIENT RESPONSE FOR DC CIRCUITS 1. Time constant=L/R 5. 2. What is transient state? If a network contains energy storage elements. Define time constant of RLC circuit. What is transient time? The time taken for the circuit to change from one steady state to another steady state is called transient time. 4. 3.2% of final value in a RL circuit is called the time constant of RL circuit. with change in excitation. Time constant= RC . and is referred to the transient response. The time to taken to reach 36. the current and voltage change from one state to other state the behavior of the voltage or current when it is changed from one state to another state is called transient state. What is transient response? The storage elements deliver their energy to the resistances. Define time constant of RC circuit.SELVAM COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY. The time taken to reach 63. gets sturated after sometime.8% of initial current in an RC circuit is called the time constant of RC circuit. hence the response changes with time.

6. Define damping ratio. Write down the condition. Write down the condition for the response of RLC sereis circuit to be over damped for step input. 7. The condition for the response of RLC series circuit to be over damped for step input is. Write down the few applications of RL. What is meant by natural frequency? If the damping is made zero then the response oscillates with natural frequency without any opposition. The condition for the reponse of RLC series circuit to be under damped step input is (R/2L)2>(1/LC) 9. 8. RLC circuits. Coupling circuits Phase shift circuits Filters Resonant circuits AC bridge circuits Transformers . It is the ratio orf actual resistance in the circuit to the critical resistance. for the response of RLC series circuit to be under damped for step input. (R/2L)2>(1/LC) 10. such a frequency is called natural frequency of oscillations. RC.

What is forced response? The response of the circuit due to the external source is called forced response. The transient response is defined as the response or output of a circuit from the instant of switching to attainment of steady state. 15. 12. Reactive power= sinφ φ .11. 13. The apparent power is defined as the product of magnitude of voltage and magnitude of current. Define transient response. Define apparent power. What is power factor and reactive power? The power factor is defined as the cosine of the phase difference between voltage and current. 14. Power factor= cosφ φ The reactive power of the circuit is defined as the sine of the phase angle. What is natural response? The response of a circuit due to stored energy alone without external source is called natural response or source free response.

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switch S is in position 1 for a long time and brought to position 2 at time t=0. and C = 50 microfarad. A Series RLC circuits with R=300 ohm. Find the maximum value of current ( Assume zero initial conditions) 6. Determine the circuit current. Calculate R to make the lamp strike 5 sec after the switch has been closed. A Series RLC circuits has R=50 ohm. In the circuit shown in figure. Find the expression for the transient current assuming initially relaxed conditions. find the expression for the transient current and the initial rate of growth of the transient current (16) 2. how long will it take the lamp to strike? 4. A resistance R and 2 microfarad capacitor are connected in series across a 200V direct supply.PART – B 1.2H. (16) 3. Constant voltage of 100V is impressed upon the circuit at t=0. In the circuit of the figure shown below. Find the expression for the current in the circuit. The initial current in the circuit is zero but there is an initial voltage of 50V on the capacitor in a direction which opposes the applied source. 5. Across the capacitor is a neon lamp that strikes at 120V. If R = 5Megohm. A step voltage V(t) = 100 u(t) is applied to a series RLC circuit with L=10H. R=2ohm and C= 5F. L=1H and C=100x10-6 F has a constant voltage of 50V applied to it at t= 0. . L= 0.

8. For a source free RLC series circuit. Assume that initial charge across the capacitor is zero. Derive an expression for current response of RLC series circuit transient. find the current i. the initial voltage across C is 10V and the initial current through L is zero. Evaluate i(t). If L = 20mH. the switch is closed at time t=0. S is opened at t=0. (16) . In the circuit shown in figure.7. Assume zero current through inductor L and zero charge across C before closing the switch. 11. Assume that there is no charge on the capacitor and no current in the inductor before switching In the circuit shown in figure. For the circuit shown in figure. Obtain i(t). find the voltage across the resistor 0.5 ohm when the switch.5 microfarad and R=100 ohm. 10. C=0.

SELVAM COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY. Give the line and phase values in delta connection The realtion between line voltage and phase voltage in a delta connection is EL=Eph The relation between line current and phase current in delta connection is IL=√3Iph . The current flowing through the line is called line current The current flowing through the phase is called phase current 2. Define line and phase voltgae The voltgae between two lines is called the line voltgae The voltage between any line and the neutral point is called phase voltage. NAMAKKAL DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 080280005 CIRCUIT THEORY UNIT V ANALYZING THREE PHASE CIRCUITS 1. Define line current and phase current. Give the line and phase values in star connection The relation between line and phase voltgae in star connection is EL=√3Eph The relation between line current and phase current in a star connection is IL=Iph 4. 3.

One wattmeter method Two wattmeter method Three wattmeter method 6.5. Write the methods of connectios of 3 phase windings? Independent connection Star connection and Delta connection .method Artificial neutral method Current transformer method 7. Write few methods available for measuring in 3-phase load. List the methods for unbalanced star connected load Eqiuvalent delta method Mesh method Neutral voltage displacement method 8. List the methods used for power measurement with single wattmeter Potential lead shift method T.

(i) A balanced star connected load of 4+j3 ohm per phase is connected to a 400V. (i) Three impedances Z1 = 3∟45° ohm. 2. With a neat circuit and phasor diagram explain the three phase power measurement by two wattmeter method.Ib and Ic. Determine rms current. power. The current in each branch circuit is 20A and phase angle 40° (lag) calculate the line current and total power. a capacitor 50 microfarad are connected in series.7 =j70. Determine all line currents. power factor. Z2 = 10√2∟45° ohm. 3 phase. Calculate the impedance when the frequency is (i) 50HZ (ii) 500Hz (iii) the power factor at 100Hz. Determine the line current. Z3 = 5∟-90° ohm are connected in series. Calculate applied voltage if voltage across Z1 = 27∟-10° V. (8) (ii) A delta connected load as shown in figure is connected across 3 phase 100 volt supply.02ms.14 sin 314t. (i) A balanced three phase star connected load with impedance 8+j6 ohm per phase is connected across a symmetrical 400V three phase 50Hz supply.7) ohms is connected to a balanced 3 phase 400V supply. Find the line current. (i) A symmetrical three phase 400V system supplies a balanced delta connected load. (8) (ii) A three phase delta connected load has Zab = (100+j0) ohms. (8) 5. power factor of the load and total power. (8) . frequency and instantaneous current hen t =0. (8) (ii) An alternating current is expressed as i=14. Assume the phase sequence abc. Determine the line currents Ia. (8) (ii) A Voltage source 100V with resistance of 10 ohms and inductance 50 mH. (8) 3. reactive volt ampere and total volt ampere. 50Hz supply.PART – B 1. Zbc = (-j100) ohms and Zca = (70. (8) 4.