eted hase II E


ental Site Assess
prepared for





(Photo courtesy of Bing Maps)

prepared by Ohio EPA Northeast District Office Division of Environmental Response and Revitalization July 2011


Site Background Field Work Summary and Work Plan Deviations Sampling Summary Summary of Results

1 2 4 5

list of Tables
Table Table Table Table Table Table 1 2 3 4 5 6 Soil Sampling Results Soil Background Sampling Results XRF Soil Sampling Results Sediment Sampling Results Ground Water Sampling Results Surface Water Sampling Results

list of Figures
Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Site Location Map Soil Boring Location Map Sample Location Map - Inset 1 Sample Location Map - Inset 2 Sample Location Map - Inset 3 Surface Water and Sediment Sample Location Map Geoprobe® Well Location Map

list of Attachments
Attachment A Attachment B Soil Boring Logs & Field Notes Laboratory Reports

Site Background The Osborne Salt Landfill property, located in Mentor, Ohio, adjacent to the southern boundary of Mentor Marsh, is approximately 9.4 acres in size (see Figure 1). The property consists of three (3) parcels owned by Lakeshore Boulevard Properties (an Osborne company), Richard M. Osborne (Trustee), and Jerome T. Osborne, et al. Jerome T. Osborne utilized the property for the disposal of salt mine tailings (low-grade salt ore) from the nearby Morton Salt mine in 1966. Based on historical aerial photographs, Ohio EPA estimates that approximately 265,000 tons of the material was placed within Blackbrook Creek and onto the surrounding floodplain. Since that time the tailings have acted as a source of contamination to Mentor Marsh, releasing high levels of chlorides and total dissolved solids (TOS), which have negatively impacted native plants, animals and humans. A number of activities have been performed on the property to address the salt leachate problem, without success. The chronological order of these remedial activities is as follows: 1.) In 1972, fly ash was placed over the salt tailings by the property owner, which did not eliminate infiltration of rainwater. 2.) In 1980, the property owner culverted Blackbrook Creek and covered the tailings with alternating layers of fly ash and lime kiln dust, topping it with clay fill, topsoil and grass seed. This work did not prevent infiltration of rainwater and the movement of ground water through the fill. Eventually salts leached through the concrete culvert and into Blackbrook Creek. 3.) In the mid-1980s, Blackbrook Creek was relocated to its current position immediately adjacent to the east side of the landfill. Seeps containing high levels of chlorides and TOS have been documented immediately adjacent to and entering the creek. From July through September 2007, Ohio EPA conducted a Phase I Property Assessment (Phase I) of the Property. The Phase I was requested by the City of Mentor and funded under a U.S. EPA Targeted Brownfields Assessment Grant. The report documented historical and on-going contaminant releases to Blackbrook Creek and Mentor Marsh. In 2007, based on results from the Phase I and a request from the City of Mentor, Ohio EPA prepared to perform a Phase II Targeted Brownfield Assessment (Phase II) of the

property. The Phase II investigation had a three-fold purpose: (1) to delineate the fly ash and salt tailing boundaries; (2) to develop a more accurate estimate of the volume of fly ash and salt tailings; and (3) to identify contaminants present within thin the landfill. Prior to initiation of investigatory activities, the property owners rescinded the access agreement and the Agency was prohibited from entering the property. In 2010, efforts to complete a Phase II of the property were re-initiated. The property owner granted access to the Agency for the main portion of the landfill, but not to the access road or a small parcel located on the western side of the property. Ohio EPA obtained an administrative search warrant to access those portions which were not covered under the access agreement. Phase II sampling was performed during the week of October 25,2010.

Field Work Summary and Work Plan Deviations
Ohio EPA performed sampling and analysis of soils, ground water, sediments, and surface water from the property. Soil borings and temporary monitoring wells were installed by Ohio EPA, Division of Emergency and Remedial Response (DERR), Site Investigation Field Unit (SIFU) personnel using Geoprobe® equipment. Sediment and surface water samples were collected by Ohio EPA, Division of Surface Water. Field work was performed in accordance with the approved September 17, 2010 TBA Work Plan and Health and Safety Plan. The deviations from the approved work plan are provided below: Background sample locations BKG-1 and BKG-2 were moved to the same property as BKG-6, BKG-7 and BKG-S. This was done to avoid the potential severing of landscape watering systems at the selected properties. Ohio EPA, DERR utilized Agency XRF equipment during the sampling event. A number of samples were collected and analyzed using the XRF to screen samples for potential laboratory for analysis. Ohio EPA also utilized geophysical equipment to determine the approximate boundaries of the fill material, in order to better identify initial soil boring locations. A GEM-2, which is a handheld, digital, programmable, broadband electromagnetic sensor, was used for this purpose. A number of the proposed soil boring locations were adjusted or eliminated based on field findings (e.g, presence of salt or fly ash in nearby borings). 2




The thickness of the salt tailings could not be determined because the geoprobe could not penetrate the material by more than a few inches.

Sampling Summary


16 «4' bgs*) 14 (>4'bgs)


(for XRF analysis)

15 8

19 16

(1 dup.)

0-8' 8 (0-4' bgs) 8 (4-10' bgs)

VOCs, SVOCs, Pesticides, PCBs, Metals, Mercury, Total C anide. Metals VOCs, SVOCs, Pesticides, PCBs, Metals, Mercu , Total Cyanide. SVOCs, Pesticides, PCBs, Metals, Total C anide. VOCs, SVOCs, Pesticides, PCBs, Metals, Total Cyanide. SVOCs, Pesticides, Metals, Total C anide.

Background Soil



(incl. 1 bkgd)


(1 dup.)


Ground Water



(1 dup.)


Surface Water


(inc!. 1 bkgd)



*bgs - below ground surface Soil, sediment, ground water and surface water samples were collected in accordance with the approved Work Plan. Analytical results are summarized in Tables 1,2 and 4 through 6 of this report. Soil Boring logs and field notes appear in Attachment A, and laboratory reports and chain of custody forms may be found in Attachment B. As mentioned in the Field Work Summary and Work Plan Deviations section, above, a number of samples were analyzed using Ohio EPA, DERR's Innov-X X-Ray Fluorescence Analyzer (XRF). Prior to analysis, samples were thoroughly dried and homogenized to attain a uniform grain size. Sample analyses were conducted in accordance with U.S. EPA Method 6200 - Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry For The Determination Of Elemental Concentrations In Soil And Sediment (Feb. 2007). XRF analytical results were used to screen samples for additional laboratory analysis. Results from the XRF analyses may be found in Table 3 of this report. 3

In addition to the sampling locations described above, two (2) soil borings were installed northwest of the landfill (see Figure 2) in an area devoid of vegetation. No evidence of salt, fly ash, or other waste materials were detected in either boring. No samples were collected for analysis. Summary of Results Based on soil boring results Ohio EPA has been able to approximate the boundaries of both the salt tailings and fly ash/ lime kiln dust (see Figures 2 and 5 through 7). In several areas, waste material was identified within the boundaries of adjacent residential properties. Due to solidification of the salt tailings over time, the Geoprobe® was unable to push through the material. This prevented the determination of thickness of the tailings and thus the quantity of material disposed within the landfill. Since the property abuts Blackbrook Creek and Mentor Marsh, sample results were compared to both human health and ecological risk based standards. The standards applied to the various media are provided, in hierarchical order, in the footnotes of Tables 1,4, 5, and 6. The standards applied are in accordance with the Ohio EPA VAP. All samples, with the exception of ground water were initially screened against property-specific background. Human health screening levels were only exceeded for: arsenic and manganese in soils; arsenic, Arochlor-1248, several polycyclic nuclear hydrocarbons (PAHS), antimony, cobalt, copper, magnesium, nickel and zinc in sediments; and bis(2ethylhexyl) phthalate, barium, copper and nickel in ground water. Nothing was detected above human health screening levels in surface water. It should be noted that bis(2ethylhexyl) phthalate was also detected in the blank for ground water, therefore the concentrations are suspect. Ecological screening levels were exceeded for: antimony, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, nickel, selenium, and thallium in soils; arsenic, cobalt, and magnesium in sediments; and bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and manganese in ground water. Nothing was detected above ecological screening levels in surface water. As noted in the paragraph above, bis (2-ethyhexy) phthalate was detected in the blank and therefore the concentrations reported by the laboratory are suspect. It is important to note that the major constituents of concern on this property - calcium, potassium and sodium do not have established human health or ecological risk-based


screening levels. However, all three (3) constituents were found in significantly elevated levels across the site: Calcium: Calcium was detected above background in 22 out of 30 soil samples, in all of the sediment samples, and in three (3) out of five (5) surface water samples. Although a background sample was not collected for ground water, concentrations of calcium were in the 1,000,000 parts per billion (ppb) range. Potassium: Potassium was detected above background in 13 out of 30 soil samples and in all of the sediment and surface water samples. Ground water sample concentrations were in the 100,000 ppb range. Sodium: Sodium was detected above background in 19 out of 30 soil samples and in all of the sediment and surface water samples. Ground water samples contained up to 3.96% sodium.


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful