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Seleccin de bombas de desplazamiento positivo

Profesor Nstor r. dcroz Sistemas de transporte y aprovechamiento de fluidos Ingemec - Uis - 2010

Tabla de Contenido
Introduccin Seleccin de Bombas Moyno Caractersticas Cmo seleccionar una bomba Moyno? Seleccin de la serie 500 Caractersticas de la Serie 1000 Curvas de desempeo de la Serie 1000 Correccin de la potencia por viscosidad y abrasividad Curvas de desempeo de la Serie 1500 Correccin de la potencia por viscosidad y abrasividad Caractersticas de la Serie 2000 Curvas de desempeo de la Serie 2000 Correccin de la potencia por viscosidad y abrasividad Bombas Sanitarias Correccin de la potencia por viscosidad y abrasividad Bombas Sanitarias de Alta Presin Correccin de la potencia por viscosidad y abrasividad Ejemplo de Seleccin - Moyno Seleccin de Bombas Viking Engineering Data Ejemplo de Seleccin Viking Seleccin de Bombas Q-Pumps Procedimiento de Seleccin Curvas de desempeo de las Bombas Q-Pumps Comparacin de las Bombas Moyno, Viking y Q-Pumps (Ejemplo de Seleccin) Seleccin de Bombas Blackmer Boletn completo de Bombas de Paletas Uso Comn de las Bombas Blackmer segn la Clasificacin Industrial SIC Standard Industrial Classification General-Duty Pumps X, GX NP MLN4

Heavy-Duty Pumps XL MLX4 HXL Wear Resistant, Abrasive Liquid Pumps XLW 316 Stainless Steel Pumps SNP SMVP Ejemplo de Seleccin Seleccin de Bombas IMO Caractersticas de las Bombas de tres tornillos Preseleccin Series ACE, 3E, UCF, 3G, 323F, 3D, 324A, T324, 4VKC, EMTEC, 4SFC, 6D, 4T, 8L, 12D, 6T/6U y 12L Ejemplo de Seleccin Seleccin de Bombas SPECK Bombas reciprocantes Terry L. Henshaw Preseleccin de Bombas Speck Serie NP Serie P Ejemplo de Seleccin Anexo: Propiedades de algunos lquidos Tabla de Conversin de Viscosidades Tabla de Prdidas en Tuberas de Acero Longitudes Equivalentes de los Accesorios de Tubera Dimetro Interno de las tuberas bajo norma ANSI B36.10

INTRODUCCIN
Este documento tiene como propsito guiarle en la seleccin de bombas de desplazamiento positivo, un tema prctico e interesante que resulta ser de gran importancia para los Ingenieros Mecnicos. Hemos insertado los catlogos de los fabricantes junto con otra informacin necesaria y hemos complementado con problemas resueltos para que el estudio de este material sea lo ms agradable posible. Las bombas de desplazamiento positivo tienen como principio fundamental recoger paquetes de fluido del puerto de succin, sellarlos y llevarlos al puerto de descarga a una presin que puede ser tan alta como las caractersticas de construccin de la bomba lo permitan. La principal clasificacin de las bombas de desplazamiento positivo depende del movimiento de los miembros que producen la presin. Por un lado, estn las bombas reciprocantes que aprovechan el movimiento alternativo de un pistn o un mbolo para desplazar el fluido. Por otro lado, estn las bombas rotatorias, dentro de las que se incluyen elementos como aspas o paletas, camisas flexibles (peristlticas), cavidades progresivas, 2 3 tornillos, engranajes internos o externos, lbulos, entre otros. Hemos incluido las siguientes bombas:

CAVIDADES PROGRESIVAS (o Bombas Helicoidales de Rotor Excntrico)


En 1930, Ren Moineau, un pionero de la aviacin, mientras inventaba un compressor para motores de reaccin, descubri que este principio tambin podra trabajar como un sistema de bombeo. La Universidad de Pars le otorg un doctorado para su tesis en el nuevo capsulismo. Su disertacin estableci el campo de trabajo para las Bombas de Cavidades Progresivas. En 1932, Moineau asociado con Robert Bienaim del Grupo Gvelot, fundaron PCM Pompes, la cual est extendida hoy a nivel mundial. (Visite PCM Pompes en http://www.pcm-pump.com/) Las bombas de cavidades progresivas estn compuestas de dos piezas longitudinales en forma de hlice las cuales se conocen como estator y rotor. El rotor es la pieza interna, metlica, que est conformada por una sola hlice. El Estator es la parte externa y est constituida por una camisa de acero revestida internamente por una goma o elastmero moldeado en forma de hlice que engrana con la hlice del rotor.

El estator y el rotor son excntricos. El movimiento del rotor es combinado uno rotacional sobre su propio eje y otro rotacional en direccin opuesta alrededor del eje del estator. La geometra del conjunto es tal que forma una serie de cavidades idnticas y separadas entre s. Cuando el rotor gira en el interior del estator, estas cavidades se desplazan axialmente desde el fondo del estator hasta la descarga, de manera que se tiene un desplazamiento positivo en cavidades progresivas. Estas bombas pueden aplicarse para el bombeo de lquidos tan ligeros como el agua a lquidos tan pesados como mieles, glucosa, etc. Son idneas para el bombeo de lquidos con slidos en suspensin y lquidos de baja tensin superficial pues no agitan el producto. Su campo de empleo se encuentra en aquellas aplicaciones donde la viscosidad del fluido bombeado hace imposible el uso de bombas centrfugas, sin embargo, sus caractersticas de auto aspiracin (Autocebantes), caudal uniforme y sin pulsaciones, alto poder de succin, elevada presin de descarga, su capacidad para bombear productos slidos, su resistencia a la abrasin y otras cualidades la han hecho interesante para otros campos de aplicaciones en los que se utilizan bombas centrfugas o de otros tipos. El catlogo de seleccin que usaremos para este tipo de bombas es el de la empresa Moyno, que se puede descargar desde la pgna www.moyno.com

ENGRANAJES INTERNOS Medialuna


Los engranajes internos son excepcionalmente verstiles. Aunque a menudo son usadas en lquidos ligeros como solventes y combustibles, sobresalen en la eficiencia de bombeo de asfaltos, chocolates y adhesivos. El rango til de viscosidad de una bomba de engranajes internos est entre 1 cP y 1.000.000 cP. Adems de su amplio rango de viscosidad, tambin tienen un amplio rango de temperatura, manejando lquidos hasta 400C. Esto se debe a la distancia de contacto entre los dos engranajes, la cual puede ser ajustada para acomodarse a altas temperaturas, maximizando la eficiencia en el manejo de fluidos de altas viscosidades y disminuyendo el desgaste. La bomba de engranajes internos es no pulsante, autocebante y puede trabajar en seco por cortos periodos de tiempo. Tambin es birotacional, por lo que la misma bomba puede ser usada para cargar y descargar recipientes. Dado que las bombas de engranajes internos tienen slo dos partes mviles, son seguras, sencillas de operar y de mantener.

Cmo funcionan? 1. El lquido entra al puerto de succin entre el rotor (engranaje exterior grande) y los dientes del engranaje interior pequeo. Las flechas indican la direccin de la bomba y del lquido. 2. El lquido viaja a travs de la bomba entre los dientes del engranaje dentro del engranaje. El perfil creciente divide el lquido y acta como un sello entre los puertos de succin y de descarga. 3. El cabezal de la bomba est casi inundado justo antes de forzar el lquido en el puerto de descarga. 4. Los dientes del rotor y el engranaje exterior aseguran un sello completamente equidistante de los puertos de succin y descarga. Este sello obliga al lquido a salir por el puerto de descarga.

Las bombas de medialuna que seleccionaremos son de la empresa Viking Pump, Inc., una empresa de IDEX Corporation. Puede visitarla en www.vikingpump.com.

LBULOS
Las bombas de lbulos son rotativas de engranajes externos, que cambian un poco su configuracin con los engranajes externos convencionales, dado que slo tienen dos o tres dientes (lbulos) que son ms anchos y ms redondeados. Su accionamiento es independiente y se hace fuera de la cmara de bombeo. El principio de funcionamiento se basa en un engranaje conductor y uno conducido que transportan el fluido por las cmaras formadas entre la carcasa y el engranaje, viajando de la zona de menor presin al puerto de descarga. Los sellos de cada paquete de fluido se logran en la unin de los dos engranajes y de cada uno de ellos con la carcasa.

Las bombas de lbulos ofrecen una mayor capacidad volumtrica (Cantidad de lquido bombeado en cada revolucin) cuando se comparan con bombas de otro tipo. Tienen el inconveniente de ser ms costosas, pero son adecuadas para trabajo con fluidos sensibles al efecto del esfuerzo tangencial (cizalle). Son excelentes para el manejo de fluidos con gases o partculas atrapadas y su uso en la industria alimenticia es bastante extendido. Las bombas de lbulos que seleccionaremos en ste documento son de la marca Q-Pumps, la cual puede visitar en www.q-pumps.com

PALETAS
Como se muestra en la figura, las bombas de paletas usan un rotor con paletas deslizantes, las cuales arrastran el lquido entre las aspas, desde el puerto de succin hasta el de descarga. En cada paleta actan tres fuerzas: (1) La fuerza centrfuga de la rotacin del rotor, (2) La reaccin de la carcasa en el punto de contacto y (3) La presin del fluido que entra a travs de las ranuras y acta en la parte inferior de las paletas. Cada revolucin de una bomba de paletas desplaza una cantidad de volumen constante, la variacin de la presin slo tiene un efecto mnimo sobre el caudal. Dentro de sus ventajas se encuentra una alta eficiencia volumtrica y por lo tanto, una disminucin de la energa consumida por la bomba. Adems se usan en aplicaciones muy variadas, desde la industria alimenticia (para las que se construyen de acero inoxidable), hasta el manejo de compuestos orgnicos voltiles, fluidos abrasivos y de alta viscosidad.

Las bombas que seleccionaremos son Blackmer, una empresa de la Divisin Dover Corp. (www.blackmer.com)

TORNILLOS
Estas bombas pueden ser de dos o tres tornillos. La rotacin del eje hace que paquetes de fluido de volumen constante se desplacen en direccin axial, desde la entrada hasta la salida. Cada ciclo del tornillo proporciona una etapa de presin. Las trayectorias opuestas del flujo ofrecen un balance hidrulico axial completo. Los engranajes de tiempo mantienen la holgura entre las hlices de bombeo, de tal modo que no se toque unos a otros y que, por consiguiente, puedan bombear agua y fluidos ligeros, as como tambin petrleo crudo pesado, siendo adems muy tolerantes a la presencia del gas en el petrleo. Se recomienda el uso de bombas de tornillos para sistemas que requieran corte mnimo de fluidos, bombeo de petrleo crudo que no contenga mucho gas, fluidos con concentraciones de arena de hasta un 5% y operaciones que requieran funcionamiento en seco de corta duracin. Las bombas que seleccionaremos de tipo Tornillo, sern del fabricante IMO, una subsidiaria de Colfax Corporation. Vistela en www.imo-pump.com

Sobre bombas reciprocantes nos extenderemos haciendo uso del captulo homlogo del libro Bombas Seleccin, uso y Mantenimiento de Kenneth. Esperamos que este catlogo les sea muy til y que les gue en el proceso de aprendizaje de la asignatura.

Nstor Ral DCroz Docente de Planta Sistemas de Transporte y Aprovechamiento de Fluidos Esteban Builes Auxiliar

bombas de cavidades progresivas

BOMBAS DE CAVIDADES PROGRESIVAS

Principio de Funcionamiento
Una bomba de cavidades progresivas es una bomba de desplazamiento positivo. Esto significa que un volumen muy preciso es desplazado en cada revolucin. Ocasionalmente es referida como una bomba de tornillo. El rotor, de una simple hlice, gira excntricamente en el estator, que posee una doble hlice. Esta combinacin de simple/doble hlice crea cavidades que obligan a desplazar al lquido hacia la descarga, cada vez que el rotor gira. Esta es la razn por la cual su diseo es ms comnmente conocido como cavidad progresiva.

Capacidades y Caractersticas
Las bombas de cavidades progresivas ofrecen ms capacidades y caractersticas que cualquier otro tipo de bomba de desplazamiento positivo. A continuacin se sealan stas: - Altas presiones de descarga, hasta 1500 psi. - Atlas capacidades de caudal, hasta 2400 gpm. - Capacidad de manejo de lquidos viscosos, hasta 1.000.000 cP - Capacidad de manejo de lquidos abrasivos - Flujo no pulsatorio - Bajo NPSH requerido - El flujo es directamente proporcional a la velocidad - La presin de descarga es independiente de la velocidad - No posee vlvulas internas - Operacin muy silenciosa - Es reversible - No emulsiona ni maltrata a los fluidos a operar - Capacidad de transporte de slidos de hasta 2.8 - Gran capacidad de succin negativa, hasta 28 pies (9 m) - Capacidad de manejo de lquidos corrosivos o qumicos - Maneja fluidos con temperaturas hasta de 218 C - Autocebante - Maneja fluidos con alta concentracin de slidos - El flujo es slo ligeramente afectado por cambios de presin NOTA IMORTANTE: Se recomienda tener en mente todas estas caractersticas, y revisarlas peridicamente

Ventajas de las bombas de Cavidades Progresivas Moyno frente a otros tipos de Bombas
Las bombas de cavidades progresivas Moyno son extremadamente verstiles en su diseo y ofrecen muchas ventajas frente a otros tipos de bombas. A continuacin haremos un resumen de las ventajas de Moyno frente a otros tipos de bombas.

Ventajas frente a las bombas centrfugas 1- Capacidad de manejo de lquidos de mucha mayor viscosidad 2- Ms apropiada para manejo de fluidos con alta concentracin de slidos 3- Mayor eficiencia volumtrica, especialmente con fluidos de alta viscosidad 4- Ms apropiada para manejar lquidos sin emulsionarlos ni maltratarlos 5- Mayor capacidad de succin 6- Su flujo es slo ligeramente afectado por cambios de presin 7- Su presin es independiente a la velocidad 8- Su flujo es proporcional a la velocidad 9- Es reversible (Puede succionar por cualquier lado) 10- Puede operar con varias bombas en paralelo sin dificultades o prdidas de su performance. Ventajas frente a las bombas de lbulos 1- Mayor vida til en aplicaciones abrasivas 2- Puede operar con mayores presiones 3- Mayor capacidad de succin 4- Tiene un solo sello, el cual opera en el lado de baja presin 5- No posee engranajes que deben ser sincronizados 6- Menor costo de reparacin, porque no posee cuerpos, rodamientos, sellos, engranajes a ser reemplazados en una reparacin 7- Es ms apropiada para manejar fluidos no emulsionantes, tales como alimentos, cosmticos y polmeros. Ventajas frente a las bombas de pistn 1- Ofrece un flujo no pulsatorio 2- No posee vlvulas 3- No es requerida una lubricacin diaria, ni frecuente mantenimiento 4- Ms apropiada para manejo de fluidos con alta concentracin de slidos 5- Ms apropiada para manejar lquidos sin emulsionarlos ni maltratarlos 6- Mayor capacidad de succin 7- Ocupa un menor espacio 8- Menores costos 9- El flujo puede ser reversible 10- Operacin silenciosa sin vibraciones Ventajas frente a las bombas de engranajes 1- Mayor vida til en aplicaciones abrasivas 2- Ms apropiada para manejar lquidos sin emulsionarlos ni maltratarlos 3- Ms apropiada para manejo de fluidos con alta concentracin de slidos 4- Mayor eficiencia volumtrica, especialmente con fluidos de baja viscosidad 5- Operacin silenciosa sin vibraciones 6- Los rodamientos estn aislados del fluido.

Cmo seleccionar una bomba Moyno?


Para seleccionar una bomba Moyno se deben tener en cuenta los siguientes nueve pasos: PASO 1: PASO 2: PASO 3: PASO 4: PASO 5: PASO 6: PASO 7: PASO 8: PASO 9: Obtener los datos de la aplicacin. Determinar el modelo bsico de la bomba. Escoger los materiales apropiados de construccin. Determinar el menor tamao de la bomba en funcin del tamao de partcula. Ajustar el tamao de la bomba en funcin de la viscosidad y la abrasin. Determinar el nmero de etapas de la bomba. Determinar la velocidad de la bomba. Determinar el tamao de la caja de rodamientos. Determinar la potencia requerida.

El proceso de seleccin de una bomba Moyno es un poco ms complejo que el de otras bombas, como por ejemplo las centrfugas, neumticas de diafragma, etc. Sin embargo, una apropiada utilizacin de estos nueve pasos, asegurar una seleccin adecuada de la bomba ms correcta. PASO 1: OBTENER TODOS LOS DATOS DE LA APLICACIN El primer y ms importante paso es conseguir todos los datos disponibles de la aplicacin solicitada. Debemos conseguir las caractersticas del lquido a bombear, as como las condiciones de servicio requeridas, que se detallan a continuacin: Caractersticas del fluido a bombear Nombre del lquido Gravedad especfica Viscosidad (cP, cSt, SSU) Grado de abrasin Grado de acidez (pH) Tamao de partculas slidas. % de slidos en suspensin Temperatura. Condiciones de servicio requeridas - Caudal o capacidad (gpm, lt/hr, m3/s) - Presin de succin (psi, bar, Kg/cm2) - Presin de descarga - Presin diferencial - Presin de vaporizacin - NPSH disponible (pies, m) - Nmero de horas de operacin diarias - Tipo de servicio (intermitente o permanente) - Materiales de construccin exigidos.

PASO 2: DETERMINAR LA SERIE BSICA DE LA BOMBA Este paso se refiere a la seleccin de la configuracin ms apropiada de la serie de bomba dependiendo de la aplicacin especfica. Esta primera seleccin es importante porque el nmero de etapas, capacidades y materiales de fabricacin disponibles sern afectados por el modelo escogido. Podremos seleccionar entre las siguientes series: - Serie 2000 - Serie 1000 - Serie 500 - Serie Sanitaria - Serie L

En la seleccin del modelo bsico tambin se incluye la determinacin del tipo de succin, que podr ser: - Succin estndar (usado para lquidos que fluyen libremente) - Succin con tolva y gusano alimentador ( usado para lquidos que no fluyen libremente) Existe una opcin en algunos modelos: Con arrastrador adicional (para materiales semi-secos) PASO 3: ESCOGER LOS MATERIALES DE CONSTRUCCIN Los materiales de construccin afectan a la seleccin de la bomba, debido a que los materiales disponibles tienen diferentes propiedades. Por ejemplo, sus propiedades fsicas los pueden hacer resistentes a la abrasin y sus propiedades qumicas los pueden hacer resistentes a la corrosin. Cuando manejamos lquidos para consumo humano, se hace necesario emplear materiales sanitarios aprobados por la FDA (Food and Drug Administration, del gobierno americano). La mejor recomendacin sobre los materiales de construccin a seleccionar en la bomba debe venir del propio usuario. La Tabla No. 1 nos muestra los materiales de construccin estndar usados en las bombas Moyno, y su codificacin correspondiente. La Tabla No. 1A y No. 2 nos indican algunas propiedades de los estatores. Tabla No. 1 Combinaciones de Materiales de Construccin Cuerpo Partes internas Estator C, S D, S B, F, G, Q, R, T, E, D, V B EPDM (70 grados de dureza) Q Nitrilo (70 grados de dureza) C Hierro fundido R Caucho natural (55 grados de dureza) D Acero de herramienta S Acero inoxidable 316 E Nitrilo (Grado alimenticio) T Tefln, Glass Impregnated F Fluoroelastmero (70 grados de dureza) V Fluoroelastmero (Grado alimenticio) G Acero inoxidable 416 K Hypalon Tabla No. 1A Materiales de los Estatores Resistente a: Atacado por: La mayora de los qumicos moderados, Ozono, cidos fuertes, aceites, grasas, cidos orgnicos secos o hmedos, la mayora de hidrocarburos. alcoholes, cetonas, aldehdos. Grasas animales y vegetales, aceites, Hidrocarburos solventes, carbn, ozono, productos qumicos fuertes y solventes y aromticos. xidos. La mayora de hidrocarburos, aceites y Ozono, cidos fuertes, cetonas grasas. esteres, aldehdos, hidrocarburos colorados y nitrogenados. Todos los alifticos, hidrocarburos Cetonas, esteres de bajo peso aromticos y halogenados, cidos, molecular y componentes que tienen aceites animales y vegetales. nitrgeno. Muchos cidos, cloruro frrico, la Ciclo hexano, etileno, acetatos, di mayora de los productos qumicos, cloruros, naftalina, tolueno. aceites y solventes.

Material R

Q, E

F, V

Tabla No. 2 Mxima Temperatura recomendada para Estatores Caucho Natural (R) 85 C Nitrilo (Q) 100 C EPDM (B) 127 C Fluoroelastmero (F) 204 C Nitrilo (E) Grado alimenticio 82 C Fluoroelastmero (V) Grado alimenticio 191 C PASO 4: DETERMINAR EL MENOR TAMAO DEL ELEMENTO DE BOMBEO Este paso nos determina el menor tamao del elemento de bombeo que podemos usar, basado en el mximo tamao de partcula slida del fluido a manejar. La Tabla No. 3 nos muestra el mximo tamao de partcula que podemos manejar en cada elemento de bombeo. Entindase como elemente de bombeo al conjunto rotor-estator. Tabla No. 3 Mximo tamao de partcula permitido en el Rotor/Estator Elemento de Bombeo para la Serie 2000 y la Serie L 3 4 8 008 012 10 Mximo tamao de Partcula en pulgadas 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 Elemento de Bombeo para la Serie 2000 y la Serie L 065 066 090 115 175 345 Mximo tamao de Partcula en pulgadas 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.7

1 0.08

2 0.15

022 0.85

10H 0.8

036 1.1

050 1.1

620 2.0

8000 2.8

A 0.24 PASO 5:

B 0.27

Elemento de Bombeo para la Serie 1000 C D E F G H Mximo tamao de Partcula en pulgadas 0.35 0.44 0.55 0.71 0.87 1.1

J 1.1

K 1.1

AJUSTAR EL TAMAO DE LA BOMBA EN FUNCIN DE LA VISCOSIDAD Y LA ABRASIN En este paso determinaremos el tamao del elemento de bombeo ms apropiado dependiendo de la viscosidad y del grado de abrasin del fluido. Abrasin: La abrasin produce desgaste en las bombas. La mejor forma para minimizar el desgaste y prolongar la vida til de una bomba Moyno es seleccionar la bomba ms grande posible que opere a la menor velocidad, aunque ello no siempre sea la solucin ms econmica. El grado de abrasin est determinado mayormente por las siguientes caractersticas: - El tamao mximo de las partculas. - La forma de los slidos. - La dureza de los slidos. - El porcentaje de concentracin de los slidos

Tabla No. 4

Moyno 1000 Velocidades Mximas Sugeridas para Manejo de Fluidos Abrasivos


No abrasivo Mx. RPM 935 A* Mx. GPM 3.6 Mx. RPM 935 B* Mx. GPM 7 Mx. RPM 935 C* Mx. GPM 13.56 Mx. RPM 826 D* Mx. GPM 24.20 Mx. RPM 826 E* Mx. GPM 49.51 Mx. RPM 700 F* Mx. GPM 81.3 Mx. RPM 700 G* Mx. GPM 149.51 * Slo para las bombas Close-Coupled Mx. RPM 1500 A Mx. GPM 5.6 Mx. RPM 1500 B Mx. GPM 10.7 Mx. RPM 1500 C Mx. GPM 44.0 Mx. RPM 1500 D Mx. GPM 59.4 Mx. RPM 1000 E Mx. GPM 59.4 Mx. RPM 1000 F Mx. GPM 114.0 Mx. RPM 800 G Mx. GPM 173 Mx. RPM 700 H Mx. GPM 246 Mx. RPM 600 J Mx. GPM 282 Mx. RPM 550 K Mx. GPM 340 Tamao del Elemento

Caractersticas Abrasivas
Ligeramente abrasivo 880 3.39 880 6.61 880 12.76 732 43.88 732 43.88 560 65.04 560 119.61 1200 4.5 1200 8.6 1200 17.2 1200 35.2 800 47.6 800 91.0 600 130.0 550 193.0 500 235.0 450 285.0 Medianamente abrasivo 660 2.55 660 4.96 660 9.57 549 16.09 549 32.91 420 48.78 420 89.71 900 3.4 900 6.4 900 12.8 900 26.4 600 35.7 600 68.0 450 97.0 400 140.0 350 164.0 325 204.0 Altamente abrasivo 440 1.70 440 3.30 440 6.38 366 10.73 366 21.94 280 32.52 280 59.80 500 1.9 500 3.6 500 7.0 500 14.5 400 23.8 400 45.0 300 65.0 250 88.0 250 118.0 225 140.0

Tamao del Elemento


008 012 022 036 050 065 066 090 115 175 335 345 620 800 1 2 3 4 6 8 10 10H

Moyno 2000 y L-Frame Velocidades Mximas Sugeridas para Manejo de Fluidos Abrasivos Caractersticas Abrasivas
No abrasivo 880 70 815 97 724 159 656 226 600 300 573 367 547 362 520 468 497 561 450 748 302 995 330 1140 300 1860 300 2400 1422 0.65 1377 3.3 1220 9.7 1086 21.7 941 46.8 812 87 736 135 658 178 Ligeramente abrasivo 704 56 652 77.6 580 127 525 181 480 240 458 293 410 272 416 374 398 449 360 599 242 796 264 910 241 1494 240 1920 1066 0.488 1032 2.5 915 7.3 815 16.3 706 35.1 609 65.2 552 101 493 134 Medianamente abrasivo 528 42 489 58.2 434 95 394 135 360 180 343 220 273 181 312 280 298 336 270 449 181 597 198 680 180 1116 180 1440 711 0.32 688 1.6 610 4.9 543 10.8 470 23.4 406 43.5 368 67.3 329 89 Altamente abrasivo 352 28 326 38.8 289 63 262 90 240 120 220 147 136 90 208 187 199 224 180 299 121 398 132 455 120 744 120 960 356 0.16 344 0.81 305 2.4 271 5.4 235 11 203 21.7 184 33.7 164 27

Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM

Tabla No. 5

Moyno 1000 Velocidades Mximas Sugeridas para Manejo de Fluidos Viscosos


Tamao del Elemento A* B* C* D* E* F* G* Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM 1.000 935 2.8 935 5.4 935 10.5 826 19.2 826 39.3 700 66.7 700 122.6 1500 3.8 1500 7.2 1500 14.5 1500 29.5 1000 43.6 1000 83.2 800 132.0 700 192.0 600 226.0 500 263.0 2.500 5.000 10.000 50.000 100.000 70 0.1 70 0.2 70 0.5 70 1.0 70 2.1 70 4.0 70 7.5 70 0.1 70 0.2 70 0.5 70 1.0 70 2.1 70 4.0 70 4.0 70 12.0 70 16.0 70 22.0 Mxima Viscosidad+ cP 50 50 50 50 80 100 140

A B C D E F G H J K

935 35 50 30 2.3 1.8 1.1 0.2 935 935 550 130 4.4 3.6 2.0 0.5 935 935 550 130 8.5 6.9 4.0 0.9 826 826 550 130 15.8 12.9 7.9 1.9 826 826 550 130 32.4 26.4 16.3 3.9 700 700 550 130 55.6 45.9 31.3 7.5 700 700 550 130 102.2 84.5 59.9 14.1 * Slo para las bombas Close-Coupled 1500 1050 550 130 2.9 2.0 1.1 0.2 1500 1050 550 130 5.6 3.7 2.0 0.5 1500 1050 550 130 11.0 7.6 4.0 0.9 1500 1050 550 130 22.9 15.4 7.9 1.9 1000 1000 550 130 34.3 30.4 16.3 3.9 1000 1000 550 130 66.0 58.1 31.3 7.5 800 800 550 130 107.0 94.0 31.3 7.5 700 700 550 130 158.0 140.0 96.0 22.0 600 600 550 130 214.0 166.0 129.0 30.0 500 500 500 130 221.0 193.0 164.0 41.0

50 50 50 50 70 70 70 120 140 180

+ Por encima de la viscosidad especificada, la eficiencia volumtrica ser menor que 100% a las mximas RPM mostradas.

Moyno 2000 y L-Frame Velocidades Mximas Sugeridas para Manejo de Fluidos Viscosos
Tamao del Elemento
008 012 022 036 050 065 066 090 115 175 335 345 620 800 1 2 3 4 6 8 10 10H Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM Mx. RPM Mx. GPM

1.000
880 52.0 815 77.0 724 129.0 656 187.0 600 240.0 573 312.0 547 310.0 520 380.0 497 488.0 450 662.0 300 925.0 330 1010.0 300 1700.0 300 2180.0 1422 0.46 1377 2.3 1220 7.1 1086 16.0 941 36.0 812 69.0 736 109.0 658 148.0

2.500
880 44.0 815 64.0 724 107.0 656 157.0 600 210.0 573 265.0 547 264.0 520 330.0 497 418.0 450 571.0 300 821.0 330 876.0 300 1500.0 300 1920.0 1422 0.32 1377 1.8 1220 6.0 1086 13.0 941 29.0 812 57.0 736 90.0 658 124.0

5.000
880 37.0 815 52.0 724 88.0 656 130.0 600 180.0 573 220.0 547 222.0 520 285.0 497 353.0 450 487.0 300 715.0 330 775.0 300 1300.0 300 1680.0 1050 0.24 1050 1.2 1050 4.1 1050 10.0 941 24.0 812 47.0 736 75.0 658 103.0

10.000
570 23.0 550 32.0 550 59.0 550 93.0 570 142.0 550 173.0 500 168.0 520 234.0 497 285.0 450 394.0 300 594.0 30 673.0 300 1100.0 300 1460.0 550 0.13 550 0.64 550 2.2 550 5.4 550 13.0 550 29.0 550 49.0 550 73.0

30.000
200 8.0 200 12.0 200 22.0 200 0.34 200 50.0 200 62.0 190 63.0 200 90.0 200 110.0 200 162.0 200 321.0 200 345.0 220 600.0 200 800.0 200 0.05 200 0.23 200 0.78 200 2.0 200 4.8 200 11.0 200 18.0 200 27.0

50.000
130 5.2 130 7.8 130 14.0 130 23.0 130 33.0 130 42.0 115 38.0 130 59.0 130 75.0 130 110.0 130 220.0 130 224.0 130 410.0 130 520.0 130 0.03 130 0.17 130 0.56 130 1.3 130 3.4 130 7.6 130 12.0 130 18.0

75.000
90 3.6 90 5.4 90 9.9 90 16.0 90 23.0 90 29.0 75 26.0 90 40.0 90 52.0 90 79.0 90 150.0 90 155.0 90 280.0 90 360.0 90 0.02 90 0.12 90 0.39 90 0.91 90 2.3 90 5.3 90 8.5 90 12.0

Mxima Viscosidad+ cP
80 100 140 140 140 160 155 170 210 250 380 340 380 400 50 50 50 50 80 100 140 140

+ Por encima de la viscosidad especificada, la eficiencia volumtrica ser menor que 100% a las mximas RPM mostradas.

Esta tabla fue compilada de la curva Moyno PEC 449 usando una eficiencia volumtrica mnima del 50%. Para una determinacin ms precisa de la velocidad y eficiencia, por favor consulte la curva.

El grado de abrasin de un lquido se puede clasificar de la siguiente forma: - No abrasivo (agua, polmeros, aceites, lubricantes) - Ligero (lechada de cal, aguas residuales, mieles) - Mediano (lodos de caliza, chocolate, jugo de maracuy) - Pesado (lodos de perforacin, barbotina, cachaza) Viscosidad: Es una propiedad que tienen los lquidos que genera una resistencia al flujo. La ms comn de sus unidades es el Centipoise, como viscosidad absoluta; y el Centistoke, como viscosidad cinemtica (cSt = cP / G.E.). Mientras ms viscoso es un lquido, se deber operar la bomba a menores velocidades, con el propsito de permitir fluir al lquido dentro de la bomba. Podemos clasificar a los fluidos de la siguiente forma: 1. Fluidos Newtonianos: Que mantienen su viscosidad con la agitacin. 2. Fluidos No-Newtonianos: Que no mantienen su viscosidad con la agitacin. a. Dependientes del tiempo: La viscosidad es afectada en un tiempo determinado de agitacin. i. Tixotrpicos: La viscosidad disminuye al aumentar la agitacin del lquido en un tiempo determinado ii. Reopcticos: La viscosidad aumenta al aumentar la agitacin en un tiempo determinado b. Independientes del tiempo, la viscosidad no es afectada con el tiempo en que el fluido es agitado. i. Seudoplsticos: La viscosidad disminuye cuando aumenta la agitacin ii. Dilatantes: La viscosidad aumenta cuando aumenta la agitacin iii. Plsticos: La viscosidad disminuye cuando aumenta la agitacin, pero slo despus que un esfuerzo inicial es sobrepasado. La tabla No. 4 nos muestra la velocidad mxima recomendada y el mximo caudal disponible para cada tamao de bomba, en funcin del grado de abrasin del lquido. La tabla No. 5 nos muestra la mxima velocidad recomendada y el mximo caudal disponible para cada tamao de bomba en funcin de la viscosidad del lquido. Con la curva PEC-449 determinamos la eficiencia volumtrica y ajustamos la velocidad. PASO 6: DETERMINAR EL NMERO DE ETAPAS Para determinar el nmero de etapas de un rotor se debe dividir la presin de descarga con la mxima presin recomendada por etapa para lquidos abrasivos, como se muestra en la Tabla No. 6. PASO 7: DETERMINAR LA VELOCIDAD DE LA BOMBA Ahora que es conocida la serie y tamao de la bomba, as como el nmero de etapas, podremos determinar la velocidad de las curvas de performance. Despus de localizar la curva de performance especfica, tomando en cuenta las recomendaciones de las tablas 4 y 5 para lquidos abrasivos y viscosos, nos ubicamos verticalmente con la presin demandada hasta interceptar con el caudal requerido. Esa interseccin ser el punto de operacin. Imaginariamente debemos ubicar la curva de velocidad que pasa por nuestro punto de operacin, siendo sta la velocidad terica.

En caso que el Lquido sea viscoso, debemos acudir a la curva PEC 499 a fin de ajustar la velocidad por eficiencia volumtrica y encontrar la velocidad real. Caso contrario, la velocidad terica ser la real. Tabla No. 6 Mxima Presin Sugerida por etapa para Estatores Tamao Grado de Abrasin Elastmero Rotor/Estator Ninguno Ligero Mediano Bombas Industriales Presin por etapa (psi) Q, B, F 1 58 43.5 29 De 2 hasta 800 y de Q, B, F 87 65.25 43.5 A hasta K R 1 38.7 29 19.3 Superiores a 2 y de R 58 43.5 29 A hasta K Bombas Sanitarias E, B, V Desde 3 hasta 66 75 56.25 37.5 R Desde 3 hasta 66 58 43.5 29

Pesado 14.5 21.75 9.7 14.5 18.75 14.5

PASO 8: SELECCIN DE LA CAJA DE RODAMIENTOS Con el propsito de determinar la potencia requerida para todos los modelos, excepto para la Serie 1000, se debe escoger la caja de rodamientos apropiada en funcin del tamao de rotor/estator escogido. La Tabla No. 7 nos muestra el tamao de la caja de rodamientos en funcin de la presin de operacin, la cual debe ser usada para efectuar una seleccin primaria. Luego de obtener la potencia requerida por la bomba (paso 9), se debe revisar si la caja de rodamientos seleccionada es satisfactoria. Ver tabla No. 8. Tabla No. 7 Mxima presin para una combinacin Caja de Rodamientos/Rotor-Estator Combinacin Caja de Rodamientos/Rotor-Estator FF4, FF6, FF8, FF10, FF66 FG2, FG4, FG6, FG8 E022, E036, G065, H115, J175, K335, K620 L2, L3, L4, L6, L8, L10, L10H E008, E012, F022, G036, G050, H065, H090, J115, K175 M2, M3, M4, M6, M8, M10, M10H E008, F012, G022, H036, H050, J065, J090, K115 P2, P3, P4, P6, P8 Mxima presin (psi) Partes internas en Acero al Carbono No disponible No disponible 174 250 300 500 450 900 Mxima presin (psi) Partes internas en Acero Inoxidable. 75 150 174 75 300 300 450 500

Tabla No.8 Mxima potencia recomendada (HP) para la Caja de Rodamientos Caja de Rodamientos L2 L3 L4 L6 L8 L10 L12 E F G H J K F4 F6 F8 F10 Mx. HP/100 RPM Partes rotativas en Acero al Carbono 0.08 0.21 0.63 1.40 2.50 3.70 11.40 3.80 5.90 10.80 16.00 28.00 54.00 No disponible No disponible No disponible No disponible Mx. HP/100 RPM Partes rotativas en Acero Inoxidable 0.045 0.12 0.35 0.79 1.40 2.10 6.30 3.30 5.00 9.30 14.00 24.00 46.00 0.35 0.79 1.40 2.50

PASO 9: DETERMINAR LA POTENCIA REQUERIDA La potencia total solicitada por la bomba Moyno puede ser determinada de la curva de performance y de la potencia adicional requerida, que se encuentra en la pgina de atrs de cada curva de performance. El proceso para determinar la potencia total se detalla a continuacin: a) Ubicar la potencia requerida por el estator/rotor, de acurdo a la velocidad ajustada, en el lado derecho de la curva de performance. A esta potencia se le debe sumar la potencia de la caja de rodamientos, ubicada en la parte superior de la curva de performance. Luego se debe comparar sta con la potencia mnima recomendada, ubicada en la parte superior de la curva, y tomar la mayor de ambas. b) Si estamos frente a una aplicacin de lquidos calientes se deben usar los factores multiplicadores a la potencia mnima recomendada, que se hallan en la parte inferior de la pgina posterior de la curva de performance. Para estatores de nitrilo, caucho natural y de EPDM se recomienda usar rotores de dimetro reducido cuando la temperatura es superior a 70 C, y de 110 C para estatores de Viton. c) Si estamos en presencia de lquidos viscosos o abrasivos se deben usar las tablas ubicadas en la parte posterior de las curvas de performance, y adicionar este valor de potencia al valor obtenido en el paso A. En caso que el fluido sea abrasivo y viscoso, se debe adicionar el mayor de los dos valores (No se deben adicionar ambos!) El valor de potencia obtenido en el paso C, ser la potencia total requerida por la bomba Moyno que hemos seleccionado.

CORRECCIONES DE LA POTENCIA
Las curvas performance que ofrece Moyno tienen en la parte posterior los aditivos que se deben tener en cuenta a la hora de calcular la potencia del motor, debido a la temperatura del fluido, su abrasividad y su viscosidad. En este compendio, las correcciones de abrasividad y temperatura fueron agrupadas en una tabla al final de las curvas de cada serie con el fin de disminuir el volumen del mismo. As por ejemplo, el modelo C de la serie 1000 que tiene la siguiente informacin en la parte posterior,

Ha quedado as:

Correccin por abrasin

CORRECCIN POR VISCOSIDAD

Correccin por temperatura


Para las series 1000, 1500 y 2000 puede usarse la siguiente tabla:

La potencia que se lee en la curva de desempeo debe ser multiplicada por el factor encontrado en la tabla anterior.

Section:

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


Page: 1 of 4 Date: March 30, 1996

PUMP SELECTION

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


The tables presented on these pages are designed to guide you in selecting the proper 500 pump to solve your fluid handling problem. Detailed specifications are available from your Distributor. Fluid handling system parameters are the determining factors in choosing the proper pump series for a particular application. Static heads, line and fitting losses, fluid viscosity at pumping temperatures and other system characteristics must be examined to determine flow rates and pressures required from the pump. Specifically, you will need to evaluate the following elements: 1. Capacity the flow rate desired in gallons per minute (GPM). 2. Pressure Differential the difference in suction and discharge pressure requirements, expressed in pounds per square inch (PSI). 3. Temperature maximum temperature of the fluid being pumped in degrees Fahrenheit (F). 4. Viscosity the resistance to flow, expressed in centipoise (CP). Seconds Saybolt Universal (SSU) units of measurement can be converted to approximate CP by using this equation: CP=SSU/5 x Specific Gravity. 5. Abrasion abrasive characteristics of the fluid being pumped. These should be classified in broad terms in order to select appropriate pump speed and materials of construction. Classifications are: a. None clean and uncontaminated fluid b. Light contaminated or dirty water c. Medium clay and gypsum slurries d. Heavy heavy slurries, emery dust and lapping compounds Viscosity. As fluid viscosity increases, pump RPM must be reduced to prevent decreasing volumetric efficiency due to cavitation of the fluid. This is a function of flow velocity through the pump, rather than a total flow rate from the pump. The flow velocity and corresponding RPM reduction is the same on all models of 500 pumps. Table 1 indicates maximum RPM levels that should be attempted to maintain volumetric efficiency. Abrasion. Both pump speed and pressure should be reduced when handling abrasive fluids to ensure maximum pump life. Table 1 shows proper RPM for the broad abrasion classifications. When pumping medium abrasives, you need a pump with maximum pressure ratings that are twice the operating pressure. For heavy abrasives, maximum pump pressure capabilities should be four to six times greater than operating pressure. Table 1. Pump Speeds for Viscous & Abrasive Fluid
VISCOSITY (CP) MAX RPM ABRASION 100 to 300 1400 300 to 500 1200 500 to 1,000 950 1,000 to 2,000 700 Medium 2,000 to 5,000 350 5,000 to 10,000 180 Heavy 10,000 to 20,000 100

Light

Pump Performance. After determining any RPM limits due to viscosity and/or abrasion considerations, Table 2, Pump Performance, may be used to select the appropriate model for your application. Basic flow and pressure Capabilities are listed for each model, and the model number defines the operation characteristics of the pump. The data in Table 2 is presented in terms of performance of the pump in water at 1750 RPM. If your application requires a lower RPM due to viscosity or abrasion considerations, it would be helpful to convert your desired flow to an equivalent flow of water at 1750 RPM as follows:
Equivalent flow of water at 1750 RPM = Desired flow x 1750 RPM Maximum RPM (from table 1)

Note: If fluids with viscosities over 200 cps are being pumped, increase equivalent by 20% for 200 and 300 series pumps. Select a pump model from Table 2 that has the flow and pressure capabilities for your application. Since performance ranges overlap between the pump models shown, you may want to examine features and capabilities of the individual model most suitable for your application. In most instances, the lowest model number that meets your performance requirements will offer the most economical solution to your fluid handling problems. Temperature. The primary effects of temperature occur on the elastomers used in pump construction, particularly for the stator. Extreme temperatures tend to destroy the resiliency of the elastomer, resulting in reduced operating life. The low operating temperature for the 500 pump is 10F. High temperature limits are determined by the elastomer selected. Maximum

Page 2 allowable temperature for stators are: *NBR *EPDM *FPM 160F 210F 240F They are assigned a Standard Model Number, and are constructed from uniform materials, e.g. pumps with NBR stators will also have NBR joint covers (if applicable), NBR elastomer parts in the seal; and 316SS housings, rotors, shafts, seals, etc. Retrofit Options are coded dark gray, and are available in kit form. These options provide the necessary flexibility to satisfy most other applications at a reasonable cost. If these options do not meet your specifications, your Distributor has full engineering support from the factory to provide a design that meets your particular needs. Chemical Resistance Index. Chemical resistance is categorized numerically in Table 4 for all materials used in constructing pump components. Characteristics of materials shown are as follows: Aluminum. Silicon alloy with excellent corrosion resistance. Table 3. Materials of Construction

Pump modifications will be required for higher operating temperatures. Table 2. Pump Performance
Pump Models 203 204 205 220 232 301 331 332 333 344 356 367 415 422 433 444 603 610 622 633 655 Max Press. (PSI) 40 40 40 40 40 25 150 100 50 40 50 50 35 35 35 35 600 600 300 150 60 Cap @ 0 psi & 1750 RPM (GPM) 0.21 0.42 0.75 1.5 5.1 13 1.98 4.7 94 15.0 24 53.2 1.95 5.1 9.2 14.6 0.61 3.35 8.9 15.1 29.5 Cap @ Max psi & 1750 RPM (GPM) 0.11 0.29 0.50 0.96 3.2 9.2 0.61 2.2 4.4 10.4 19.5 25 1.6 3.8 6.0 10.8 0.39 1.95 6.2 10.6 26.0

Chemical Resistance. When pumping fluids requiring special consideration due to corrosive or other chemical properties, the materials of construction for pump housing, rotor and stator must be carefully selected to ensure compatibility. The Chemical Resistance Index, Table 4, is provided for use at your own discretion in evaluating pump materials. This index is based on the results of laboratory tests, field tests and reference sources, but because of the many variables and unknown circumstances associated with individual applications, we cannot guarantee favorable results or assume any liability in connection with its use. When more than one material is shown to be suitable for an application, these should be weighed with other considerations, such as cost and availability, to facilitate selection of the most suitable pump. Materials of Construction. Table 3 lists materials available for housing, rotor and stator in each 500 pump series. This provides a ready reference to determine if materials used in the series selected will meet performance requirements. Standard Models are coded light gray in the Table. This is our standard line, suitable for most typical applications. These pumps are produced in volume, with stock availability at factory and distributor levels.

Page 3 NBR. A copolymer of butadine and acrylonitrile with excellent resistance to petroleum, mineral and vegetable oils. Cast Iron. Sand cast grey iron, suitable for most non-corrosive fluids, ASTM A25. EPDM. An elastomer of ethylene propylene copolymer and terpolymer. Generally resistant to animal and vegetable oils, ozone, strong and oxidizing chemicals. FPM. A fully saturated elastomer of fluorinated polymer. Generally resistant to all aliphatic, aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, acids, animal and vegetable oils. Nylon Resin. An engineered thermoplastic having a broad range of outstanding properties, including high and low temperature toughness, resistance to abrasion, impact, solvents, oils and gasoline. Material used is glass-filled *ZyteI. Phenolic. A thermoset phenolic which offers excellent chemical resistance. Numerical Symbols used in Table 4 are: 1 Satisfactory. 2 May be suitable, depending on temperature and concentration. Slight swelling of rubber parts may occur, causing a change in performance. 3 Unsuitable. Pump Selection Summarized Follow these basic steps to select the pump most suitable for your particular application. 1. Determine operating RPM for volumetric efficiency, considering viscosity (see Table 1). 2. Determine operating RPM limits for pump life, considering abrasion (see Table 1). Table 4. Chemical Resistance Index

3. Convert to an equivalent flow of water at 1750 RPM


for use with Table 2 as follows.
Equivalent flow of water at 1750 RPM

Desired flow x 1750 Maximum RPM (from table 1)

Note: If fluids with viscosities over 200 cps are being pumped,
increase equivalent by 20% for 200 and 300 series pumps.

4. Determine pump pressure capability required by considering system operating pressure and the effects of abrasion as necessary. 5. Select pump model which meet the calculated equivalent flow and pressure determined from Table 2. 6. Using Tables 3 and 4 and operating limits shown in the paragraph on Temperature, evaluate pump model selected for your specific fluid handling application. 7. Determination of model number, options and horsepower requirements are made from pump Specification Data Sheets and Service Manuals.
*Zytel is a registered trademark of E.I. DuPont De Nemours and Co

Page 4 Table 4. Chemical Resistance Index (Cont) Table 4. Chemical Resistance Index (Cont)

1996 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc. Moyno, Inc. is a Unit of Robbins & Myers, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

Section: MOYNO 500 PUMPS Page 1 of 2 Date: March 30 1996

SPECIFICATION DATA

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


200 SERIES
203, 204, 205, 220, AND 232 MODELS

DIMENSIONS

PORT SIZES
MODELS
20501, 22001 20302, 20402, 20502, 22002 23201, 23203

CP
11/ 6 16

F1 3 /16 3 /16 4 /16


13 11 5

F2 3 /8 3 /8 4 /2
1 3 3

SUCTION
3

DISCHARGE
3

/8 NPT /8 NPT /2 NPT

/8 NPT /8 NPT /2 NPT

7 /16 8 /16
3

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
COMPONENT Housing Rotor Stator Weight (Ibs)
*CP =Chrome plated

20501, 22001 Aluminum Phenolic NBR (Nitrile) 3

MODELS 20302, 20402, 20502, 22002 316 SS 316 SS NBR (Nitrile) 5

23201 Aluminum 416 SS/CP* NBR (Nitrile) 3

23203 316 SS 316 SSICP* NBR (Nitrile) 6

Page 2 of 2

PERFORMANCE (Water at 70F)

1999 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

Section:

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


Page: Date: 1 of 2

March 30, 1996

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


200 SERIES MOTORIZED
203, 204, 205 and 220 MODELS

SPECIFICATION DATA

PORT SIZES
MODELS 20551,22051* 20352, 20452, 20552, 22052** SUCTION 5/8 3/8 DISCHARGE 5/8 1/4

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

*Phenolic constructionclamped hose connections **Stainless steel constructionthreaded connections (NPT)

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
MODELS COMPONENT
20551,22051* Phenolic Phenolic NBR (Nitrile) 20352, 20452 20552, 22052** 316 SS 316 SS NBR (Nitrile)

Housing Rotor Stator Motor Data Weight (Ibs) 10

1/8 HP, 1 PH, 115 VAC, 50/60 HZ, 1725 RPM 13

Page 2 of 2

PERFORMANCE (Water at 70 F)
P r i n t e d i n U . S . A . 3 M P P I 1 1 9 6

1999 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A

Section: MOYNO 500 PUMPS Page: 1 of 4 Date: March 30, 1996 SPECIFICATION DATA

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


300 SERIES 331, 332, 333, 344, 356 AND 367 MODELS

MODELS 33101, 33201 33301, 33104 33204, 33304 34401, 34404 *34411 35601, 35604 *35611, *35613 36701, 36704

CP 125/8

A 31/8

A1 43/4
43/4 79/16 79/16
8

D 23/4
23/4 49/32 49/32
4 /2
1

F1

H
13

K 31/32
27/8 41/2 4
4 /16
1

L 511/16
7 73/8 911/32
7
15

M 61/16
61/16 85/8 85/8
11 /16
3

N 17/16
13/8 23/8 213/32

U
5

X 23/8
25/16 325/32 325/32
4

Y 11/4
11/4 21/8 21/8
2 /2
1

SUCT DISCH (NPT) (NPT)


3

1
11/8 13/4 13/4
2

113/16 615/16
2 21/2
2 /16
5

/32

/4 /32 9 /16

/8

/4

/4

1315/16 31/4 171/2 61/2 193/8 61/2


20 /16 5 /4
15

73/16 1019/32 1019/32


13

/32 /32 13 /32


13

13

15

/8 /4 3 /4
3

3 /4 11/2 11/2

3 /4 11/4 11/4

/16

/16

2 /8

* Packing Gland Model

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

331, 332, 333 and 344 MODELS

PERFORMANCE (water at 70F)

NOTE: For fluids with viscosity over 200 CP (1000 SSU), pump capacity is reduced by 20%.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
MODELS COMPONENT 33101, 33201 33301, 34401 Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 16 33104, 33204 33304, 34404 316 SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 16 33108, 33208 33308, 34408 Nylon 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 8 *34411 Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 16

Housing
Rotor Stator

Weight (Ibs) * Packing Gland Model CP = Chrome plated

NOTE: For fluids with viscosity over 200 CP (1000 SSU), pump capacity is reduced by 20%.

356 and 367 MODELS PERFORMANCE (water at 70F)

NOTE: For fluids with viscosity over 200 CP (1,000 SSU), pump capacity is reduced by 20%.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
COMPONENT Housing Rotor Stator Weight (Ibs) MODELS 35601, 35611 Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 37 40 35604, 35613 316 SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 37 40 36701 Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 54 36704 316 SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 54

CP=Chrome plated

1999 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

Section:

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


Page: 1 of 2 Date: November 1, 1994

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


300 SERIES
MODELS 30100, 30102, 30104, 30105

SPECIFICATION DATA

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
COMPONENT Housing Rotor Stator Weight (Ibs) 30100, 30102 Phenolic Phenolic *NBR 7 MODELS 30104 Phenolic Phenolic *EPDM 7 30105 Phenolic Phenolic *FPM 7

*NBR = Nitrile EPDM = Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Terpolymer FPM = Fluoroelastomer

Page 2 of 2

PERFORMANCE (Water at 70F)

NOTE:For fluids with viscosity over 200 CP (1000 SSU), pump capacity is reduced by 20%.

1999 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

Section:

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


Page: 1 of 4 Date: March 30, 1996

SPECIFICATION DATA

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


300 SERIES MOTORIZED
331, 332, 333, 344, 356 AND 367 MODELS 331, 332, 333, 344 MODELS DIMENSIONS

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION MODELS COMPONENT


Housing Rotor Stator 33159, 33259 33359, 34459 Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 1/2 HP,1 PH Motor Data 115/230 VAC 60 HZ TEFC Weight (Ibs) CP = Chrome plated 41 33160, 33260 33360, 34460 Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 1/2 HP, 3 PH 230/440 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 41 33152, 33252 33352, 34452 316SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 1/2 HP, 1 PH 115/230 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 41 33150, 33250 33350, 34450 316SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 1/2 HP, 3 PH 230/440 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 41

Page 2 of 4

PERFORMANCE (Water at 70F)

NOTE: With the standard 1/2 HP motor, maximum fluid viscosity is 100 CP (500 SSU).

Page 3 of 4

356 AND 367 MODELS

DIMENSIONS

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
COMPONENT Housing Rotor Stator MODELS 35651
Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 1-1/2 HP, 3 PH

36751
Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 2 HP, 3 PH 230/440 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 115

35650
316 SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 1-1/2 HP, 3 PH 230/460 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 68

35652
316 SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 1-1/2 HP, 1 PH 115/230 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 68

36750
316 SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 2HP, 3 PH 230/460 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 115

36752
316 SS 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile) 2 HP, 1 PH 115/230 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 115

Motor Data

208/230/440 VAC 60 HZ TEFC

68 Weight (Ibs) CP = Chrome plated

Page 4 of 4

PERFORMANCE (Water at 70F)

NOTE: With the standard 1 HP (Model 35651) 2 HP (Model 36751) motor, maximum fluid viscosity is 100 CP (500 SSU).

1999 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

Section:

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


Page: 1 of 4 Date: November 1, 1994

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


603, 610, 622, 633, AND 655 MODELS

SPECIFICATION DATA

600 SERIES
MODELS CP
25

E1 1 /16 9 1 /16 9 1 /16 9 1 /16 9 1 /16 9 1 /16 1 2 /8 1 2 /8 1 2 /8 1 2 /8


9

F 15 /4 25 18 /32 3 22 /4 3 22 /4 3 22 /4 11 22 /16 3 14 /4 1 22 /4 3 14 /4 1 22 /4
1

F,
1

F2

M 15 15 5 22 /8 5 22 /8 7 27 /8 7 27 /8 7 17 /8 7 17 /8 1 18 /16 1 18 /16

R 5 /4 15 8 /32 1 5 /4 15 8 /32 1 5 /4 15 8 /32 1 5 /4 15 8 /32 1 5 /4 15 8 /32


1

24 /32 60301 5 28 /l6 *60311 3 32 /8 61001 29 35 /32 *61011 5 37 /8 62201 5 41 /32 *62211 9 27 /16 63301 23 31 /32 *63311 13 27 /16 65501 11 31 /32 *65511 *Packing Gland Models.

5 /32 1 5 /32 1 5 /8 11 8 /16 3 1 10 /8 10 /4 11 14 7 /16 5 8 /16 31 4 /32 9 8 /16 19 4 /32

SUCT. (NPT) 3 /4 3 /4 3 /4 3 /4 3 /4 3 /4 1 1 /4 1 1 /4 1 1 /4 1 1 /4

DISCH. (NPT) 1 /2 1 /2 3 /4 3 /4 3 /4 3 /4 1 1 /4 1 1 /4 1 1 /4 1 1 /4

WEIGHT (LBS.) 30 38 32 40 32 40 40 48 38 46

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

Page 2 of 4

PERFORMANCE (water at 70F)

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
COMPONENT ALL MODELS

Housing Rotor Stator


CP = Chrome plated

Cast iron 416 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile)

Page 3 of 4

PERFORMANCE (water at 70F) (CONT)

Page 4 of 4

PERFORMANCE (Water at 70F) (CONT)

1999 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

Section:

Moyno 500 PUMPS


Page: 1 of 2 Date: September 30, 1996

SPECIFICATION DATA

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


SANITARY/HYGIENIC MOTORIZED
331, 332, 333 AND 344 MODELS

DIMENSIONS
SUCTION: 1.0 (INCH) STD SANITARY CLAMP-STYLE FITTING 4 X .34 SLOTS 10.26 .25

DEPENDENT ON DRIVE SELECTION DISCHARGE: 1.0 (INCH) STD SANITARY CLAMP-STYLE FITTING

7.43 .12

7.00

3.50

2.44 4.88 3.28 6.56 2.56

.62 3.00 4.25

.09

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
SANITARY MODELS COMPONENT Housings Rotor Stator Motor Data 33116, 33216 33316, 34416 316 SS#4 Finish 316 SS/CP Nitrile (FDA Food Grade) 1/2 HP,1 PH 115/230 VAC 60 HZ TEFC Washdown Duty 41 33126, 33226 33326, 34426 316 SS#4 Finish 316 SS/CP Nitrile (FDA Food Grade) 1/2 HP, 90V DC, TENV Washdown Duty HYGIENIC MODELS 33117, 33217 33317, 34417 316 SS (Not Polished) 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile STD.) 1/2 HP, 1 PH 115/230 VAC 60 HZ TEFC 33127, 33227 33327, 34427 316 SS (Not Polished) 316 SS/CP NBR (Nitrile STD.) 1/2 HP, 90V DC, TENV

Weight (lbs)

41

41

41

CP=Chrome plated

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

Page 2 of 2

331, 332, 333 and 344 MODELS PERFORMANCE (Water at 70F)

NOTE: With the standard 1/2 HP motor, maximum fluid viscosity is 100 CP (500 SSU).

1996 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc. Moyno, Inc. is a Unit of Robbins & Myers, Inc.

Section:

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


Page: 1 of 2 Date: September 30, 1996

SPECIFICATION DATA

MOYNO 500 PUMPS


SANITARY/HYGIENIC NON-MOTORIZED
331, 332, 333 AND 344 MODELS

DIMENSIONS

.62

SUCTION: 1.0 (INCH) STD SANITARY CLAMP-STYLE FITTING

13.63 .25 7.43 .12 DISCHARGE: 1.0 (INCH) STD SANITARY CLAMP-STYLE FITTING

1.13

7.00

3.50

1.41

2.00 2.00

.18

1.81 3.88

1.38

4.25

3 X .41 4.00

MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION
SANITARY MODELS COMPONENT Housings Rotor *Stator Weight (lbs) 33106, 33206 33306, 34406 316 SS/#4 Finish 316 SS/CP Nitrile (FDA Food Grade) 16 HYGIENIC MODELS 33107, 33207 33307, 34407 316 SS (Not Polished) 316 SS/CP Nitrile (STD. NBR) 16

CP=Chrome plated *Other Materials Available

All dimensions are in inches. Specifications subject to change without notice.

Page 2 of 2

331, 332, 333 and 344 MODELS PERFORMANCE (Water at 70F)


331 MODELS
Minimum Starting Torque 15 in.-lbs.
.4 .4 .5

332 MODELS
Minimum Starting Torque 15 in.-lbs.
SI 0P 10

.3

Horsepower
Dis cha rge Pr ur ess es

150

PSI

.3

.2

PSI 100 PSI 50

Horsepower
D h isc

arg

re eP

ss

ure

s
SI 50 P

.2

.1

0 PSI

0 PSI
.1

0
1.75

PS

I
3.5

0
1.5 3.0

PS
Di s

Capacity GPM
1.0

ge ar ch is D

Capacity GPM
100 PS I
2.0

ch ar

1.25

s re su es Pr

50

2.5

ge

PS

Pr

es

su re s

50

PS

10

0P

SI

.75
SI

1.5

.5

150 P

.25

.5

NPSHR Ft.
0 0 400 800 1000 2,000 VISCOSITY 500 MEDIUM ABRASION
RPM

NPSHR Ft.
0 0 400 800 1000 2000 VISCOSITY 500 MEDIUM ABRASION
RPM

1200 300 100 LIGHT

1800

1200 300 100 LIGHT

1800

20,000 5000 10,000 HEAVY

20,000 5000 10,000 HEAVY

333 MODELS
Minimum Starting Torque 15 in.-lbs.
.4
I PS 50

.6

344 MODELS*
Minimum Starting Torque 15 in.-lbs.
40 PS I

.5

.3

Horsepower
Dis ch e arg

Pre

ssu

res
SI 25 P

.4

Horsepower

.2

.3

es ur ss re eP rg ha sc Di

25

PSI

.1

0 PSI

.2
0 PSI

.1

10.5

0
9.0

I PS

0P
7.5

SI

12

I PS 25
10

Capacity GPM
6.0

Capacity GPM
rg eP re u ss re s

I PS 25

4.5

Di

a ch

Di
6

sc

ha

rg

Pr

es

su

es

40

PS

S 50 P
3.0

I
4 4 4

1.5

NPSHR Ft.
0 0 400 800 1000 2000 VISCOSITY 500 MEDIUM ABRASION
RPM

NPSHR Ft.
0 0 400 800 1000 2000 VISCOSITY 500 MEDIUM ABRASION
RPM

1200 300 100 LIGHT

1800

1200 300 100 LIGHT

1800

20,000 5000 10,000 HEAVY

20,000 5000 10,000 HEAVY

NOTE: For fluids with viscosity over 200 CP (1000 SSU), pump capacity is reduced by 20%. *Max. 30 PSI with .5 HP motor. Consult factory for larger motors.
1996 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno is a registered trademark of Moyno, Inc.

Bombas Moyno 1000


Beneficios sobresalientes que proporcionan ventajas competitivas
Rendimiento econmico y de alta eficiencia, con versatilidad de aplicaciones y simplicidad de mantenimiento...la bomba Moyno 1000 le ofrece una combinacin sin igual de beneficios y caractersticas que no pueden alcanzar otras bombas de desplazamiento positivo. Pasador sellado para proporcionar una vida til ms prolongada. Mantenimiento fcil, bajo costo de operacin Modelos estndar, acoplamiento de acoplamiento externo y tolva de garganta abierta Amplia gama de materiales de fabricacin
50 CAPACIDAD (M3/HR) 60
1J 2J

80

70
1K

2K

Gran eficiencia volumtrica y mecnica Bajo consumo de energa y mnimo costo de funcionamiento No hay vlvulas que produzcan atascamientos, que se peguen o enclaven con el vapor Maneja desde agua limpia hasta lodos y fluidos viscosos y abrasivos Trasiego, extraccin, alimentacin y dosificacin de fluidos eficiente y econmicamente Flujo suave y no pulsante Presin independiente de la velocidad de la bomba Requiere bajo NPSH Autocebante Baja fuerza de corte Viscosidades hasta ms de 1,000,000 cps Altura de succin hasta de 8.53 m (28 pies) Capacidad de manejo de slidos hasta 3 cm (1.1 pulgadas) en dimetro Rango de temperaturas del fluido hasta 177C (350F)

1H

2H

40

1G

2G

30

1F

2F

4F

20

1E

2E

4E

10
1D 1C 1B 2D 2C 2B 2A 4D 4C 4B 4A

12 PRESIN (BAR)

18

24

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A2A, B2A, A4A, B4A
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 1.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1B, B1B, A2B, B2B A4B, B4B, D4B, E4B
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 3.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1C, B1C, A2C, B2C A4C, B4C, D4C, E4C
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 6.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1D, B1D, A2D, B2D A4D, B4D, D4D, E4D
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 9.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1E, B1E, C1E, A2E, B2E C2E, A4E, B4E, D4E, E4E
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 12.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1F, B1F, C1F, A2F, B2F C2F, A4F, B4F, D4F
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 15.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: A1FE, A2FE, B1FE, B2FE
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. 0.12 0.24
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 15.03
150 2.22 2.00 3.00 300 5.12 3.00 5.00 450 10.66 5.00 10.00 0.36

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
USGPM M3/HR

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness*

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage
10 8

30 125 20

25 100 20 75 15 16

GPM @ 450 RPM

HP

M 0 RP @ 45

12

GPM @ 300 RPM


50 10

HP @ 3

00 RPM
4 8

25

HP @ 150 RPM

GPM @ 150 RPM

1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

10 20

20 40

30 60

40 80

50 100

60 120

70 140

80 160

90 180

100 200

* Std. Nitrile, EPDM and Fluoroelastomer = 70 Duro. Std. Natural Rubber = 55 Duro.

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

2 Stage
4 0

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1G, B1G, C1G, A2G, B2G C2G, A4G, B4G, D4G
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 18.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: A1GE, A2GE, B1GE, B2GE
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. 0.12 0.24
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 18.03
150 3.01 3.00 5.00 300 9.03 7.50 10.00 450 16.53 10.00 15.00 0.36

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
USGPM M3/HR

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness*

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage
15

50

200

30

40 160

@ HP

450

RPM
12 24

GPM @ 450 RPM

30 120

GPM @ 300 RPM


20

HP @

300 R

PM

18

80

12

GPM @ 150 RPM


10 40

HP @ 15

0 RPM
3 6

1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

10 20

20 40

30 60

40 80

50 100

60 120

70 140

80 160

90 180

100 200

* Std. Nitrile, EPDM and Fluoroelastomer = 70 Duro. Std. Natural Rubber = 55 Duro.

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

2 Stage
0

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1H, B1H, C1H, A2H B2H, C2H, D4H
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 20.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: A1HE, A2HE, B1HE, B2HE
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. 0.28 0.56
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 20.03
150 4.10 5.00 7.50 300 14.18 7.50 10.00 400 20.89 10.00 15.00 0.75

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
USGPM M3/HR

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness*

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage
25

60 250 50

GPM @ 400 RPM


50 200 40 150 30 20 40

GPM @ 300 RPM

HP @

400 R

PM

15

30

HP @
100 20

300 RP

M
10 20

GPM @ 150 RPM

10

50

HP @ 150 R

PM
5 10

1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

10 20

20 40

30 60

40 80

50 100

60 120

70 140

80 160

90 180

100 200

* Std. Nitrile, EPDM and Fluoroelastomer = 70 Duro. Std. Natural Rubber = 55 Duro.

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

2 Stage
0

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1J, B1J, C1J, A2H, B2J, C2J
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 22.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: A1JE, A2JE, B1JE, B2JE
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. 0.28 0.56
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 22.03
150 5.15 5.00 7.50 300 16.27 7.50 10.00 400 23.68 10.00 20.00 0.75

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
USGPM M3/HR

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness*

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage
50 40 30 20 10 0

500 100 400 80 300 60

HP

400

RP

25

20

GPM @ 400 RPM

HP @

300

RPM
15

GPM @ 300 RPM


200 10

40

HP @ 1

50 RPM

GPM @ 150 RPM


20 100 5

1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

10 20

20 40

30 60

40 80

50 100

60 120

70 140

80 160

90 180

100 200

* Std. Nitrile, EPDM and Fluoroelastomer = 70 Duro. Std. Natural Rubber = 55 Duro.

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1K, B1K, C1K, A2K, B2K, C2K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 24.02

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: A1KE, A2KE, B1KE, B2KE
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. 0.18 0.37
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 24.03
100 3.38 3.00 7.50 200 10.90 5.00 10.00 300 19.34 7.50 15.00 0.56

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
USGPM M3/HR

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness*

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage
25

500 100 400 80 300 60

HP

00 @3

RPM
20

GPM @ 300 RPM

HP @
GPM @ 200 RPM

200 R

PM

15

30

200 40

10

20

HP
100

PM @ 100 R

GPM @ 100 RPM

20

10

1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

10 20

20 40

30 60

40 80

50 100 MAX.

60

70

80

90

100

* Std. Nitrile, EPDM and Fluoroelastomer = 70 Duro. Std. Natural Rubber = 55 Duro.

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

2 Stage
0

Section: 1000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Models: A1L, A2L, B1L, B2L, C1L, C2L
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 26.02

HORSEPOWER ADDITIVES TABLE I WATER BASE SLURRIES


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 1 A2A, B2A, A4A, B4A. 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 2 .02 .05 .09 .05 .13 .24 .06 .22 .38 .09 .29 .60 .14 .40 .80 .13 .42 .71 4 .04 .06 .13 .06 .17 .29 .09 .28 .53 .14 .37 .67 .20 .50 .89 .22 .71 1.18 6 1 Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 2 4 6 .05 .07 .13 .17 .21 .27 .10 .13 .32 .40 .52 .54 .16 .20 .50 .65 .81 .96 .14 .18 .50 .56 .67 .75 .20 .25 .49 .69 .89 1.00 .17 .28 .50 .85 1.43 .87 Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 2 .09 .27 .44 .20 .80 1.30 .32 1.00 1.66 .22 .60 .89 .29 .79 1.19 .29 .88 1.47 4 .10 .33 .55 .25 .84 1.34 .40 1.30 1.90 .25 .75 1.19 .33 1.00 1.60 .48 1.44 2.41 6

Models

% Solids

A1B, B1B, A2B, B2B, A4B, B4B, D4B, E4B. A1C, B1C, A2C, B2C, A4C, B4C, D4C, E4C. A1D, B1D, A2D, B2D, A4D, B4D, D4D, E4D. A1E, B1E, C1E, A2E, B2E, C2E, A4E, B4E, D4E, E4E. A1F, B1F, C1F, A2F, B2F, C2F, A4F, B4F, D4F.

.02 .10 .19 .05 .17 .29 .08 .22 .46 .09 .29 .60 .10 .32 .54

.08 .25 .40 .12 .38 .61 .10 .29 .53 .10 .40 .69 .13 .40 .67

.16 .48 .83 .24 .76 1.22 .14 .45 .75 .20 .60 1.00 .21 .68 1.12

Models

% Solids 1 .13 .40 .67 .18 .56 .93 .22 .66 1.11 .28 .83 1.39 .06 .49 1.19 .32 1.12 2.16 .47 1.42 2.36

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 2 .21 .64 1.07 .24 .73 1.22 .35 1.06 1.77 .36 1.00 1.80 .09 .46 1.59 .48 1.43 2.40 .75 2.25 3.76 4 6

A1FE, A2FE, B1FE, B2FE

A1G, B1G, C1G, A2G, B2G, C2G, A4G, B4G, D4G.

A1GE, A2GE, B1GE, B2GE.

A1H, B1H, C1H, A2H, B2H, C2H, D4H.

A1HE, A2HE, B1HE, B2HE.

A1J, B1J, C1J, A2J, B2J, C2J.

A1JE, A2JE, B1JE, B2JE

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

.40 1.20 2.00

.60 1.70 3.00

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 .18 .29 .54 .86 .91 1.44 .22 .29 .49 .68 .88 1.50 1.15 1.48 2.46 .30 .47 .90 1.43 1.49 2.38 .33 .44 .75 1.00 1.31 2.20 1.68 2.19 3.70 .08 .13 .85 1.05 1.81 2.57 .38 .59 1.16 1.74 1.94 2.92 .63 1.01 1.91 3.04 3.18 5.06

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 .33 .99 1.64 .38 1.50 1.93 .54 1.63 2.72 .57 1.70 2.68 .28 2.02 3.75 .67 2.30 3.29 1.15 3.47 5.78 2 .52 1.57 2.61 .49 1.70 2.50 .86 2.59 4.32 .75 2.23 3.72 .23 2.90 5.65 1.00 2.96 4.94 1.84 5.52 9.20 4 6

.83 2.50 4.10

1.25 3.80 6.20

Models

% Solids 1 .36 1.08 1.80 .45 1.68 2.90 .39 1.16 1.94

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 2 .55 1.64 2.74 .21 2.16 4.10 .62 1.85 3.08 4 6

A1K, B1K, C1K, A2K, B2K, C2K.

A1KE, A2KE, B1KE, B2KE.

A1L, A2L, B1L, B2L, C1L, C2L.

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 .44 .75 1.30 2.24 2.19 3.73 .67 .55 2.31 3.17 3.96 5.78 .57 .91 1.72 2.73 2.86 4.54

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 .75 2.23 3.72 1.34 4.32 7.31 .78 2.33 3.88 2 1.12 3.34 5.56 1.62 6.37 11.11 1.23 3.71 6.18 4 6

TABLE II VISCOSITY (NEWTONIAN FLUIDS)


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Models 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,500 .013 .022 .045 .089 .195 .36 .25 .70 .37 1.00 .09 Viscosity (Centipoise) 5,000 10,000 50,000 .017 .030 .065 .130 .260 .52 .35 .95 .52 1.50 .18 .023 .045 .089 .179 .370 .72 .48 1.30 .72 2.00 .47 .050 .089 .188 .375 .780 1.50 1.02 2.80 1.52 4.30 1.63 100,000 .065 .126 .254 .500 1.00 2.10 1.40 3.90 2.09 6.00 2.46 150,000 .080 .140 .295 .630 1.25 2.50 1.69 4.69 2.53 7.00 3.09

A2A, B2A, A4A, B4A. A1B, B1B, A2B, B2B, A4B, B4B, D4B, E4B. A1C, B1C, A2C, B2C, A4C, B4C, D4C, E4C. A1D, B1D, A2D, B2D, A4D, B4D, D4D, E4D. A1E, B1E, C1E, A2E, B2E, C2E, A4E, B4E, D4E, E4E.
A1F, B1F, C1F, A2F, B2F, C2F, A4F, B4F, D4F.

A1FE, A2FE, B1FE, B2FE. A1G, B1G, C1G, A2G, B2G, C2G, A4G, B4G, D4G. A1GE, A2GE, B1GE, B2GE. A1H, B1H, C1H, A2H, B2H, C2H, D4H. A1HE, A2HE, B1HE, B2HE. A1J, B1J, C1J, A2J, B2J, C2J. A1JE, A2JE, B1JE, B2JE A1K, B1K, C1K, A2K, B2K, C2K. A1KE, A2KE, B1KE, B2KE. A1L, A2L, B1L, B2L, C1L, C2L.

0 0 0 0
0

1.55 .69 2.1 .69


3.73

2.14 .95 2.8 1.01


5.13

3.00 1.31 3.9 1.46


7.06

6.39 2.78 8.0 3.25

8.50 3.83 11.0 4.54


25.000 cP: 10.77

10.00 4.62 13.4 5.51

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: 1BB022, 2BB022
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro).
Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 9.00
100 0.90 1.5 2 200 1.75 2 3 300 2.60 3 5 350 3.10 5 7.5

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage 8 6 4

5 10

20 80 GPM @ 350 RPM GPM @ 300 RPM 60


@ HP
H

350

RP
00

4
PM

15

3 P@

10 40

GPM @ 200 RPM


HP @ 200 R

PM

20

GPM @ 100 RPM

HP @ 10

0 RPM

1 2

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 160 90 180

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: 1BB036, 2BB036
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro). 2 Stage models limited to 130 psi.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 11.00
100 1.00 2 3 200 2.00 3 5 300 3.10 5 7.5 350 3.65 5 7.5

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

30 125 GPM @ 350 RPM

25 100 20 75

GPM @ 300 RPM 10 20

GPM @ 200 RPM 15


HP @ 350 R PM PM 300 R HP @

7.5 15

50 10 GPM @ 100 RPM

5 10

HP @

200 RP

25
HP @ 100 RPM

2.5 5

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 90

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: 1BB050, 2BB050
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro). 2 Stage models limited to 90 psi.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 12.00
100 1.20 2 3 200 2.43 2 5 300 3.65 3 7.5 350 4.90 5 7.5

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage 8 4

200
@ HP 350 M RP

10 20
M

40 160

GPM @ 350 RPM GPM @ 300 RPM

HP

300

RP

8 16

30 120 GPM @ 200 RPM 20 80


HP @ 200 R PM

6 12

10

GPM @ 100 R
40

PM
2
HP @ 100 RPM

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 70 80 90

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: 1BB065, 2BB065
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro). 2 Stage models limited to 130 psi.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 14.00
100 1.30 3 5 200 2.50 5 7.5 300 3.80 10 15 350 5.50 10 15

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

250 GPM @ 350 RPM 50 200 GPM @ 300 RPM 40 150 30 GPM @ 200 RPM 100 20
@ HP 200 RPM

HP

R 50

PM

12.5 25

HP

300

RP

10 20

7.5 15

5 10
HP @ 1 00 RPM

10

50

GPM @ 10

0 RPM

2.5 5

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 90

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: 1BB090, 2BB090
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro). 2 Stage models limited to 90 psi.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 15.00
100 1.5 3 5 200 3.0 5 7.5 300 5.0 7.5 15 350 7.0 7.5 15

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

GPM @ 350 RPM

60 250

GPM @ 300 RPM 25 50

50 200 40 150 30 GPM @ 200 RPM


HP 50 @3 RPM

20 40

3 P@

00 R

PM

15 30

100 20

GPM @ 100 RPM

20 HP @

0 RPM

10 15

10

50

HP @ 100

RPM

5 10

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 70 80 90

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Models: 1BB115, 2BB115
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro). 2 Stage models limited to 130 psi.
Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 16.00
100 1.5 5 5 200 3.10 7.5 10 300 5.70 10 15 350 7.65 10 15

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

500 100 GPM @ 350 RPM 400 80 300 60 GPM @ 200 RPM 200 40
HP @ 30
HP @ 3 M 50 RP

GPM @ 300 RPM

25 50 20 40 15 30 10 20 5 10 0 0

0 RPM

GPM @ 100 RPM 20 100

HP @

200 RPM

HP @ 100 RPM

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

10 20

20 40

30 60

40 80

50 100

60 120

70 140

80

90

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Element: 175 Stages: 1, 2 Drive Ends: BA, BB, BC
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro). BA Drive End only available in a 1 Stage.
RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 17.00
100 1.70 7.5 10 200 3.50 15 20 300 7.40 20 25 350 9.60 20 30

Minimum Recommended Motor HP

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F


M

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

140 600

GPM @ 350 RPM

HP

0 35

RP

120 500 GPM @ 300 RPM 100 400 80 GPM @ 200 RPM 300 60
HP @2

HP

0 30

RP

30 60

25 50

20 40
00 RPM

15 30

200 40
GPM @ 100 RPM

1 HP @

00 RP

10 15

20

100

5 10

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 160 90 180

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Element: 220 Stages: 1, 2 Drive Ends: BA, BB, BC
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 65 psi per stage (70 Duro) for BA Drive End. BA Drive End only available in a 1 Stage. BB and BC Drive Ends have pressure limits rated at 87 psi for a 1 Stage and 130 psi for a 2 Stage.
RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 18.00
100 2.00 5 7.5 200 3.95 7.5 15 300 8.75 15 20

Minimum Recommended Motor HP

1 STG 2 STG

Capacity
M /HR USGPM

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

140 600

120 500 100 400 80 300 60


GPM @ 100 RPM
HP @ 200 RPM

GPM @ 300 RPM

50 100 GPM @ 200 RPM


00 @3 RP M

HP

40 80

30 60

200 40
HP @ 10 0 RPM

20 40

20

100

10 20

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 80 90

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 1500 Pumps Date: October 1, 2004

Performance Data
Element: 345 Stage: 1 Drive Ends: BB, BC
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 60 psi per stage (70 Duro).
RPM
NPSH Required (Ft.)

Curve 20.00
100 3 10 200 8 20 250 10 25 300 14 30

Minimum Recommended Motor HP

1 STG

Capacity
USGPM M /HR
3

70 Durometer Hardness 55 Durometer Hardness Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage

240
1000 900

GPM @ 300 RPM 100 90 GPM @ 250 RPM 80 GPM @ 200 RPM
00 R PM

200
800

160 700
600

70 60

3 HP @

120

500 400

HP

0R @ 25

PM
2 HP @ 00 RP M

50 40

80
300 200 100

GPM @ 100 RPM 30


HP @ 100 RPM

40

20 10 0

0 1 Stage 0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

Differential Pressure (PSI)**

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

HORSEPOWER ADDITIVES TABLE I WATER BASE SLURRIES


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 1 1BB022 & 2BB022 1BB036 & 2BB036 1BB050 & 2BB050 1BB065 & 2BB065 1BB090 & 2BB090 1BB115 & 2BB115 175 220 345 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 .19 .28 .32 .48 .66 .79 1.11 1.39 2.42 2 .24 .36 .48 .62 .85 1.02 1.44 1.81 4 6 Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 .23 .34 .38 .59 .81 .96 1.35 1.70 2.95 .30 .44 .59 .76 1.04 1.24 1.75 2.20 Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 .39 .58 .67 .99 1.36 1.62 2.28 2.87 4.99 2 .50 .75 1.00 1.29 1.77 2.10 2.96 3.72 4 6

Models

% Solids

TABLE II VISCOSITY (NEWTONIAN FLUIDS)


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Models 1 Viscosity (Centipoise) 2,500 5,000 10,000

1BB022 & 2BB022 1BB036 & 2BB036 1BB050 & 2BB050 1BB065 & 2BB065 1BB090 & 2BB090 1BB115 & 2BB115 175 220 345

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

.68 1.10 1.55 2.10 2.88 3.50 5.50 6.50 11.33

.95 1.60 2.14 2.80 3.84 4.80 7.50 9.50 15.45

1.32 2.20 3.00 3.90 5.34 6.60 11.00 13.00 21.63

Bombas Moyno 2000


Versatilidad de aplicaciones con un rango amplio
Tratamiento de aguas residuales municipales
Alumbre Cloruro frrico Alimentacin de filtros prensa y de incineradores Lechadas de cal Transferencia de polmeros Trasiego de lodos y efluentes sin tratar Muestreo Espuma y grasas

Metalurgia
Fluidos refrigerantes Lubricantes Selladores

550 Hay otros modelos disponibles con capacidades de presin de hasta 1,100 psi. 500

Materiales de construccin
Yeso Yeso fino Plsticos Resinas
450

1K800

Papel
Adhesivos Barros de arcilla Color para recubrimiento Antiespumantes Ltex Pulpa de consistencia media Almidn Dixido de titanio Tratamiento de residuos de pulpa y desechos

Diversos
Barros de carbn Anticongelantes Explosivos Desechos peligrosos
CAPACIDAD (M 3/HR)

400

2K800

2K800

2K800

350

300

300

1K620

2K620

2K620

2K620

Petroles y Gas
Transferencia de petrleo crudo Tambor de apagado de incendios Sistema de batera de tratador Separacin de petrleo y agua
CAPACIDAD (M 3/HR)

250

250

1 & 2J345

200

1K345 2K345 3K345 2K345 1J220 2J220 2K345

Alimentos
Emulsiones de carne molida Pulpas de manzana Grasas Uvas enteras

200

1 & 2H175

150
1J175 2J175 4K175 6K175

150

Productos qumicos
Custicos Detergentes Geles Licores Lodos de arcilla Pintura Solventes

1 & 2G115

1H115

2H115

4J115

6K115

100

100
1 & 2F090 1 & 2F065 1 & 2E050 1G090 1G065 2G090 2G065 2F050 2F036 2E022 2E012 2E008 4H090 4H065 4G050 4G036 4F022 4E012 4E008 6J090 6J065 6H050 6H036 6G022 6F012 6E008

50
1 & 2E036

50

1F050 1F036 1E022 1E012 1E008

Textiles
Adhesivos Fibras

6
PRESIN (BAR)

12

20
PRESIN (BAR)

30

MOYNO

Section: Page: Date:

Moyno 2000 Pumps 1 of 2 October 2003

Moyno 2000 Pumps Nomenclature


Example:
Description

1 1
1 1 2 4 6

2 E
2

3 008
3

4 G1
4

5 S
5

6 S
6

7 Q
7

8 3
8

9 A
9

10 A
10

11 A
11

Number of Stages

Drive End
(Max. HP/100 RPM)

Elements GPM/100 RPM

Pump Type

Body Materials Internal Materials

Ultra-Flex Stator Materials

Up to 87 psi Up to 175 psi Up to 350 psi Up to 450 psi Up to 3.8 HP Up to 5.9 HP Up to 10.8 HP Up to 16.0 HP Up to 28.0 HP Up to 54.0 HP 8.13 11.89 21.89 34.35 48.00 64.05 88.00 112.60 174.00 340.00 617.38 790.00 Standard Open Throat Bridge Breaker High Solids / Ultra-Feed rotor Cast Iron Stainless Steel Carpenter 20 Hastelloy C Monel Special to Application Alloy 4150 Stainless Steel Carpenter 20 Nitrile (RM103) Nitrile (RM100) Nitrile (RM100M) Nitrile (RM110) Nitrile (RM145) White Nitrile (RM150) Natural Rubber (RM200) EPDM (RM300) Fluoroelastomer (RM510) Fluoroelastomer (RM520) Special to Application

E F G H J K 008 012 022 036 050 065 090 115 175 345 620 800 G1 G2 G3 G4 C S E H M X D S E C Q M E Y Z R B V F A

2003 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno, Ultra-Flex, Ultra-Shield and Ultra-Feed are registered trademarks of Moyno, Inc. Teflon is a registered trademark of DuPont. Moyno, Inc. is a Unit of Robbins & Myers, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

MOYNO

Section: Page: Date:

Moyno 2000 Pumps 2 of 2 October 2003

Moyno 2000 Pumps Nomenclature


Example:
Description

1 1
1

2 E
2

3 008
3

4 G1
4

5 S
5

6 S
6

7 Q
7

8 3
8 1 3 5

9 A
9

10 A
10

11 A
11

Version

Sealing Variations

Metric Design G1, G4 ANSI Design G1, G4 G2, G3 with Integral Extension Tube Braided Teflon & Graphite Packing White Braided Teflon Packing Double Mechanical Seal Braided Teflon Food Grade Packing 100% Graphite Packing Flush Gland Option Single Mechanical Seal Special to Application Standard Plated Shaft Non-Plated Shaft Solid Drive Shaft Ver3 with Extension Tube & Auger Extended Drive Shaft Ultra-Shield RM S20 Drive Shaft Ultra-Shield RM P15 Drive Shaft Ultra-Shield RM D11 Drive Shaft Fiber Deflector Shaft Sleeve Special to Application Standard Size Chrome Plated Non-Plated Standard Undersize Standard Oversize Ultra-Shield RM D11 Ultra-Shield RM S20 Ultra-Shield RM P15 Special to Application

A C D F G H S X A B C E F K M G R S X A B C E G K M X

10

Internal Variations

11

Rotor Variations

2003 by Moyno, Inc. Moyno, Ultra-Flex, Ultra-Shield and Ultra-Feed are registered trademarks of Moyno, Inc. Teflon is a registered trademark of DuPont. Moyno, Inc. is a Unit of Robbins & Myers, Inc.

Printed in U.S.A.

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 008 Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: E
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 6.00

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 012, E (Centennial) Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: E, F
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 7.00

MOYNO

Section:

2000 Pumps
Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Curve 7.10
Elements: 018E Stages: 1, 2 Drive Ends: E, F
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection. RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)
1 STG

150 2.22
2 3

300 5.12
3 5

450 10.66
5 10

Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

2 STG

E F

0.24 0.38

0.48 0.76

0.72 1.14

Capacity
M3/HR 3 M /H R USGPM

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

30

125
25

10 20

20 100 8 16 GPM @ 450 RPM


HP @ PM 450 R

20

15 75
15

6 12 GPM @ 300 RPM


HP @ 3 00 RPM

10
10

50

4 8

GPM @ 150 RPM


5

HP @ 150 R

PM
2 4

25

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 160 90 180 100 200

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 022, F (Centennial) Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: E, F, G
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 9.00

MOYNO

Section:

2000 Pumps
Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Curve 9.10
Elements: 033E Stages: 1, 2 Drive Ends: E, F
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection. RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)
1 STG

150 3.01
3 5

300 9.03 71/2


10

450 16.53
10 15

Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

2 STG

E F

0.24 0.38

0.48 0.76

0.72 1.14

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

200 40 160 GPM @ 450 RPM

15 30

4 P@

50 R

PM
12 24

30 120 GPM @ 300 RPM 20 80


HP @ 150
HP @ 300 R

PM

9 18

6 12
RPM

GPM @ 150 RPM


10 40

3 6

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 160 90 180 100 200

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 036, G (Centennial) Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: E, F, G, H
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 11.00

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 050 Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: E, F, G, H
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 12.00

MOYNO

Section:

2000 Pumps
Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Curve 11.10
Elements: 054E Stages: 1, 2 Drive Ends: F, G
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection. RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)
1 STG

150 4.10
5 7
1/2

300 400 14.18 20.89 71/2


10 10 15

Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

2 STG

F G

0.38 0.55

0.76 1.10

1.01 1.47

Capacity
M3/HR 3 M /HR USGPM

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

250
50

GPM @ 400 RPM

25 50

20 200
40

20 40 GPM @ 300 RPM

15 150
30

HP @

400 R

PM
300 RP M

15 30

HP @

10
20

100

GPM @ 150 RPM

10 20

10

50

HP @ 150 RPM

5 10

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 160 90 180 100 200

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 065, H (Centennial) Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: F, G, H, J
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 14.00

MOYNO

Section:

2000 Pumps
Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Curve 12.10
Elements: 075E Stages: 1, 2 Drive Ends: F, G
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection. RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)
1 STG

150 5.15
5 7
1/2

300 400 16.27 23.68 71/2


10 10 20

Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

2 STG

F G

0.38 0.55

0.76 1.10

1.01 1.47

Capacity
3 M3/HR M /HR USGPM

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage 2 Stage

500
100

HP
400

00 @4

RPM

25 50

20 20 40
HP @ 300 RPM

80

GPM @ 400 RPM 15 300


60

15 30 GPM @ 300 RPM

10
40

200

HP @ 1
GPM @ 150 RPM

50 RPM

10 20

5 20 100

5 10

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 160 90 180 100 200

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 090 Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: F, G, H, J
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 15.00

MOYNO

Section:

2000 Pumps
Date: April 1, 2004

Performance Data
Curve 14.10
Elements: 098E Stages: 1, 2 Drive Ends: G, H
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 100 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection. RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)
1 STG

100 3.38
7.5 10

200 300 10.90 19.34


10 15 15 20

Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

2 STG

G H

0.37 0.57

0.73 1.13

1.10 1.70

Capacity
3 3 MM /HR /HR USGPM

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
1 Stage
H 0 RPM P @ 30

500

50 100

100

20 400 40 80

80

15 300 GPM @ 300 RPM


60

30 60
HP @ 20 0 RPM

10
40

200

GPM @ 200 RPM

20 40

HP @ 100 RP
20

M
10 20

5 100 GPM @ 100 RPM

0 1 Stage 0 2 Stage 0

0 0 10 20 20 40 30 60 40 80 50 100 60 120 70 140 80 160 90 180 100 200

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

2 Stage

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 115, J (Centennial) Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: G, H, J, K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 16.00

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: February 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 175, K (Centennial) Stages: 1, 2, 4, 6 Drive Ends: H, J, K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 17.00

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: October 1, 2001

Performance Data
Element: 220 Stages: 1, 2 Drive End: J
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro). RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. 1 STG 2 STG J 100 2.00 5 7.5 0.70 200 3.95 7.5 15 1.40

Curve 18.00
300 8.75 15 20 2.00 400 13.67 20 25 2.70

Differential Pressure (PSI)**


** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: October 1, 2001

Performance Data
Elements: 335, 23 Stages: 1, 2, 3 Drive Ends: J, K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro.) Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) 1 STG Minimum 2 STG Recommended 3 STG Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. J K 100 2.90 10 15 20 0.70 1.30

Curve 19.00
200 8.80 20 25 40 1.40 2.60 300 16.30 25 40 50 2.00 3.90

Differential Pressure (PSI)* ** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: October 1, 2001

Performance Data
Element: 345 Stages: 1, 2, 3 Drive Ends: J, K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro.) Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) 1 STG Minimum 2 STG Recommended 3 STG Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. J K 100 3 10 15 25 0.70 1.30 150 4 15 20 40 1.05 1.95

Curve 20.00
200 8 20 30 50 1.40 2.60 250 10 25 40 60 1.75 3.25 300 14 30 50 75 2.00 3.90

Differential Pressure (PSI)* ** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: October 1, 2001

Performance Data
Element: 620 Stages: 1, 2, Drive End: K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro.) Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) 1 STG 2 STG 100 6.00 25 60

Curve 21.00
200 18.00 50 75 300 30.00 75 100

Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

1.30

2.60

3.90

Differential Pressure (PSI)* ** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: October 1, 2001

Performance Data
Element: 800 Stages: 1, 2 Drive End: K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi per stage (70 Duro.) Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) 1 STG Minimum 2 STG Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve. K 100 3.2 20 40 150 6.3 30 60

Curve 22.00
200 10.4 40 80 250 14.5 50 100 300 20.0 60 120

1.30

1.95

2.60

3.25

3.90

Differential Pressure (PSI)* ** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: 2000 Pumps Date: October 1, 2001

Performance Data
Element: 1500 Stage: 1 Drive End: K
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) 1 STG 100 30 30 150 32 50

Curve 23.00
200 35 60 275 40 75

Minimum Recommended Motor HP

Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

1.30

1.96

2.60

3.60

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

** (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

HORSEPOWER ADDITIVES TABLE I WATER BASE SLURRIES


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 1 .10 .29 .49 .11 .33 .55 .07 .34 .58 .19 .56 .94 .22 .67 1.11 .28 .83 1.39 2 .12 .38 .64 .14 .43 .72 .07 .49 .92 .24 .73 1.22 .35 1.06 1.77 .36 1.08 1.81 4 .21 .63 1.06 .23 .71 1.19 6 .38 1.15 1.93 .42 1.29 2.16 Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 .46 .12 .15 .25 .36 .46 .77 1.39 .60 .78 1.29 2.33 .13 .17 .28 .51 .40 .52 .86 1.56 .67 .87 1.44 2.61 .11 .14 .48 .72 .84 1.29 .23 .30 .50 .90 .69 .89 1.50 2.70 1.15 1.49 2.46 40.47 .30 .48 .90 1.43 1.50 2.38 .34 .44 .73 1.32 1.02 1.32 2.18 3.96 1.69 2.20 3.63 6.60 Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 .20 .61 1.01 .22 .68 1.13 .26 .93 1.58 .39 1.70 1.93 .54 1.63 2.72 .58 1.72 2.87 2 .26 .79 1.31 .29 .88 1.47 .38 1.42 2.47 .50 1.50 2.50 .87 2.60 4.33 .75 2.24 3.73 4 .43 1.30 2.17 .48 1.45 2.43 6 .78 2.36 3.94 .87 2.64 4.41

Elements

% Solids

008

012, E

018E

022, F

033E

036, G

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

.40 1.20 2.00

.72 2.20 3.70

.83 2.50 4.10

1.50 4.50 7.50

.60 1.78 2.99

1.08 3.24 5.43

1.24 3.70 6.15

2.25 6.70 11.20

Elements

% Solids 1 .32 1.12 2.16 .06 .26 .97 .48 1.44 2.40 .48 1.42 2.37 .66 1.97 3.29 .51 1.53 2.56 .79 2.36 3.93

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 2 .48 1.43 2.40 .09 .28 1.35 .62 1.87 3.12 .62 2.13 3.63 .85 2.56 4.27 .82 2.44 4.07 1.02 3.06 5.10 4 .79 2.36 3.96 6 1.44 4.29 7.20

050

054E

065, H

075E

090

098E

115, J

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

1.02 3.09 5.15

1.86 5.61 9.40

1.40 4.23 7.06

2.55 7.69 12.88

1.68 5.05 8.42

3.06 9.18 15.30

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 .38 .59 .97 1.77 1.16 1.74 2.87 5.22 1.94 2.92 4.82 8.76 .08 .12 .63 .82 1.58 2.83 .59 .76 1.25 2.28 1.76 2.28 3.76 6.80 2.90 3.80 3.60 11.40 .64 .89 1.92 2.91 3.19 4.94 .81 1.04 1.71 3.12 2.41 3.12 5.15 9.32 3.97 5.21 8.63 15.60 .69 1.10 2.07 3.29 3.45 5.49 .96 1.24 2.05 3.72 2.86 3.72 6.14 11.20 4.77 6.20 10.20 18.60

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 .67 2.30 3.29 .75 1.79 3.52 .99 3.00 4.90 1.16 3.44 5.79 1.36 4.11 6.71 1.25 3.75 6.26 1.62 4.87 8.10 2 1.00 2.96 4.94 .23 2.67 5.42 1.29 3.90 6.40 1.71 5.39 9.07 1.77 5.34 8.77 1.99 5.98 9.66 2.10 6.30 10.50 4 1.65 4.88 8.15 6 3.00 8.88 14.82

2.13 3.90 6.40 11.70 10.60 19.20

2.92 5.34 8.77 16.03 14.52 26.30

3.47 6.30 10.40 18.90 17.30 31.50

Elements

175, K

220

335, 23

345

620

800

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) % (.039-.078) Solids Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 1 2 4 6 10 1.11 1.44 2.38 4.32 1.35 1.75 2.89 5.25 30 3.32 4.31 7.11 12.90 4.04 5.25 8.66 15.80 50 5.53 7.18 11.90 21.50 6.74 8.75 14.40 26.30 10 1.39 1.81 1.70 2.20 30 4.17 5.42 5.08 6.60 50 6.95 9.03 8.47 11.00 10 2.42 3.15 2.95 3.83 3STG 3.87 3STG 4.72 30 7.26 9.44 3STG 11.62 8.85 11.50 3STG 14.16 50 12.10 15.70 3STG 19.36 14.75 19.18 3STG 23.60 10 2.42 3.15 2.95 3.83 3STG 3.87 3STG 4.72 30 7.26 9.44 3STG 11.62 8.85 11.50 3STG 14.16 50 12.10 15.70 3STG 19.39 14.75 19.18 3STG 23.60 10 3.7 4.8 4.5 5.9 30 11.1 14.4 13.5 17.6 50 18.5 24.1 22.6 29.3 10 5.6 7.3 6.6 8.6 30 16.8 21.9 20.4 26.5 50 28.0 36.6 34.0 44.1 Please consult the factory for data

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039)

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 2.28 6.83 11.40 2.87 8.59 14.33 4.99 14.97 24.95 4.99 14.97 24.95 7.6 22.9 38.1 11.2 34.6 57.5 2 4 6 2.96 4.88 8.88 8.87 14.60 26.60 14.80 24.40 44.40 3.72 11.15 18.61 6.49 3STG 7.98 19.46 3STG 23.95 32.44 3STG 39.92 6.49 3STG 7.98 19.46 3STG 23.95 32.44 3STG 39.92 9.9 29.7 49.5 14.8 44.8 74.8

1500

TABLE II VISCOSITY (NEWTONIAN FLUIDS)


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Models 1 2,500 Viscosity (Centipoise) 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000 150,000

008 012, E 018E 022, F 033E 036, G 050 054E 065, H 075E 090 098E 115, J 175, K 220 335, 23 345 620 800 1500

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

.33 .37 .19 .68 .38 1.10 1.55 .10 2.10 .69 2.88 .73 3.50 5.50 6.50 11.33 11.33 19 27

.46 .64 1.34 .52 .72 1.50 .28 .42 .95 .95 1.32 2.75 .52 .72 1.52 1.60 2.20 4.50 2.14 3.00 6.39 .13 .24 1.40 2.80 3.90 8.10 .96 1.32 2.78 3.84 5.34 11.10 1.01 1.40 2.96 4.80 6.60 14.0 7.50 11.0 23.00 9.50 13.00 27.50 15.45 21.63 44.29 15.45 21.63 44.29 26.7 37 77 35 48 100 Please consult the factory for data

1.88 2.10 1.34 3.85 2.10 6.30 8.50 2.24 11.30 3.84 15.48 4.08 20.0 30.00 38.50 60.77 60.77 110 133

2.23 2.50 1.63 4.58 2.23 7.50 10.00 2.87 13.50 4.63 18.50 4.93 23.0 37.00 46.50 72.10 72.10 130 165

Bombas sanitarias Moyno


Seleccin amplia de productos ... Ms opciones
80

Materiales de construccin
Estatores (grado alimenticio): Caucho nitrilo sinttico Caucho natural
1K

Rotores: De acero inoxidable 316 recubiertos con cromo duro, con superficie reforzada anti-desgaste De acero inoxidable 316 sin recubrimiento de cromo Acero inoxidable 17-4 Partes hmedas del cuerpo De acero inoxidable 304, con acabado N 4 Disponible en acero inoxidable 316

70

EPDM Fluoroelastmeros
2K

Hay disponibles otros materiales

60

1J 2J

CAPACIDAD (M3/HR)

50
1H 2H

Opciones
Tolvas especiales de acero inoxidable Bocas de limpieza

40

1G

2G

30

1F

2F

4F

Paquete de tuberas y vlvula de desviacin para limpieza en campo Encamisado para control de temperaturas crticas de proceso Accesorios: Manmetros Bases porttiles Tacmetros Controles remotos
15

Control y sensor de presin sanitarios Impide el funcionamiento en seco y las situaciones de sobrepresin Disponible en dimetros de 38 mm (1-1/2") a 102 mm (4")

20

1E

2E

4E

1D

2D 2C 2B 2A

4D 4C 4B 4A

10

1C 1B

6 PRESIN (BAR)

12

Unidades ensambladas

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: A Stages: 2, 4
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 1.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: B Stages: 1, 2, 4
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 3.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: C Stages: 1, 2, 4
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 6.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: D Stages: 1, 2, 4
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 9.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: E Stages: 1, 2, 4
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 12.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: F Stages: 1, 2, 4
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 15.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: G Stages: 1, 2
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 18.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: H Stages: 1, 2
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 20.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: J Stages: 1, 2
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 22.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: K Stages: 1, 2
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 24.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FA, FB, FC & FBC) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: L Stages: 1
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 26.02

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FF & FG) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 3 Stages: 1, 2, 3 Frame Designation: FG
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 75 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 1.00

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FF & FG) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 4 Stages: 1, 2, 4 Frame Designation: FF, FG
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 75 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 2.00

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FF & FG) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 6 Stages: 1, 2, 3 Frame Designation: FF, FG
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 75 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 3.00

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FF & FG) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 8 Stages: 1, 2, 3 Frame Designation: FF, FG
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 75 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 4.00

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FF & FG) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 10 Stages: 1, 2 Frame Designation: FF
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 75 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 5.00

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FF & FG) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 10H Stages: 1, 2 Frame Designation: FF
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 75 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 6.00

Section: SANITARY PUMPS (FF & FG) Date: March 15, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 66 Stages: 1, 2 Frame Designation: FF
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. Note: Pressure limits rated at 75 psi/ stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Curve 7.00

HORSEPOWER ADDITIVES TABLE I WATER BASE SLURRIES


HP ADDER/100 RPM
<

Elements

% Solids 1

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 2 .02 .05 .09 .05 .13 .24 .06 .22 .38 .09 .29 .60 .14 .40 .80 .13 .42 .71 4 .04 .06 .13 .06 .17 .29 .09 .28 .53 .14 .37 .67 .20 .50 .89 .22 .71 1.18 6 1

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

.02 .10 .19 .05 .17 .29 .08 .22 .46 .09 .29 .60 .10 .32 .54

.08 .25 .40 .12 .38 .61 .10 .29 .53 .10 .40 .69 .13 .40 .67

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 2 4 6 .05 .07 .13 .17 .21 .27 .10 .13 .32 .40 .52 .64 .16 .20 .50 .65 .81 .96 .14 .18 .50 .56 .67 .75 .20 .25 .49 .69 .89 1.00 .17 .28 .50 .85 .87 1.43

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 2 .09 .27 .44 .20 .80 1.30 .32 1.00 1.66 .22 .60 .89 .29 .79 1.19 .29 .88 1.47 4 .10 .33 .55 .25 .84 1.34 .40 1.30 1.90 .25 .75 1.19 .33 1.00 1.60 .48 1.44 2.41 6

.16 .48 .83 .24 .76 1.22 .14 .45 .75 .20 .60 1.00 .21 .68 1.12

Elements

% Solids 1 .18 .56 .93 .32 1.12 2.16 .32 1.12 2.16 .48 1.44 2.40 .39 1.16 1.94 .03 .11 .19 .06 .20 .33

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 2 .24 .73 1.22 .48 1.43 2.40 .48 1.43 2.40 .62 1.87 3.12 4 6

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

.05 .14 .24 .08 .26 .44

3STG .06 3STG .17 3STG .30 .16 .50 .83

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 .22 .29 .88 .68 1.15 1.48 .38 .59 1.16 1.74 1.94 2.92 .38 .59 1.16 1.74 1.94 2.92 .59 .79 1.76 2.28 2.90 3.80 .57 1.72 2.86 .08 .10 3STG .25 .32 3STG .40 .52 3STG .14 .18 .36 .44 .58 1.10 .71 .93 1.80

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 6 1 .38 1.50 1.93 .67 2.30 3.29 .67 2.30 3.29 .99 3.00 4.90 .78 2.33 3.88 .16 .49 .86 .28 .87 1.40 2 .49 1.70 2.50 1.00 2.96 4.94 1.00 2.96 4.94 1.29 3.90 6.40 4 6

.13 .40 .64

.20 .80 1.30 .37 1.20 1.90

3STG .25 3STG .80 3STG 1.30 .56 1.50 2.50

Elements

% Solids 1 .10 .30 .60 .20 .60 1.00 .20 .60 .90 .40 .90 1.50 .90 1.80 2.60

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 2 .10 .40 .80 .20 .70 1.20 .20 .70 1.20 .40 1.20 1.90 .90 2.40 3.30 4 6 .20 .50 .90 3STG .20 3STG .90 3STG 1.50

10

10H

66

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 .10 .20 .20 .40 .50 .70 .70 .90 1.00 3STG .40 .20 .30 3STG 1.10 .70 .90 1.10 1.40 3STG 1.80 .20 .30 .70 .90 1.10 1.50 .40 .50 1.10 1.40 1.70 2.30 1.00 1.30 2.00 2.60 3.00 4.10

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 .20 .60 1.00 .30 1.00 1.60 .30 1.00 1.60 .550 1.60 2.50 1.30 2.70 4.10 2 .30 .80 1.20 .40 1.30 2.10 .40 1.30 2.10 .80 2.00 3.20 2.10 3.40 5.30 4 6 .30 1.00 1.60 3ST .50 3STG 1.50 3STG 2.60

TABLE II VISCOSITY (NEWTONIAN FLUIDS)


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Models 1 2,500 Viscosity (Centipoise) 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000 150,000

A B C D E F G H J K L 3 4 6 8 10 10H 66

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

.013 .022 .045 .089 .195 .36 .70 1.55 1.55 2.1 3.73 .02 .06 .10 .30 .60 .80 2.10

.017 .030 .065 .120 .260 .52 .95 2.14 2.14 2.8 5.13 .04 .09 .20 .50 .80 1.20 2.90

.023 .045 .089 .179 .370 .72 1.30 3.00 3.00 3.9 7.05 .05 .12 .30 .70 1.10 1.70 3.90

.050 .089 .188 .375 .780 1.50 2.80 6.39 6.39 8.0 .11 .25 .70 1.40 2.40 3.50 8.20

.065 .126 .254 .500 1.00 2.10 3.90 8.50 8.50 11.0
25.000 cP: 10.77

.080 .140 .295 .630 1.25 2.50 4.69 10.00 10.00 13.4 .18 .43 1.10 2.50 4.00 5.90 13.50

.15 .35 .90 2.00 3.30 4.80 11.00

Section: SANITARY HIGH


PRESSURE PUMPS

Date: January 1, 2001

Performance Data
Element: 011 Stages: 9 Drive Ends: G
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection. Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)
9 STG

Curve 29.00
150 1.10
5

300 2.20
10

450 3.30
16

Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

0.53

1.10

1.60

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
9 Stage 50 40 30

100 20 80

15 60 GPM @ 450 RPM 10 40 GPM @ 300 RPM


4 HP @ 50 R PM

20

HP @

M 00 RP

20

HP @ 150 R

PM

10

GPM @
0 9 Stage 0 100 200 300 400 500 600

150 RP

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: SANITARY HIGH


PRESSURE PUMPS

Date: April 30, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 012 Stages: 4, 6
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.
4 STG 6 STG F

Curve 28.00
150 1.10
3 5 0.38

300 2.20 5
71/2 0.76

450 3.30
71/2 10 1.14

Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
4 Stage 6 Stage 6 0

100 20 80

20 30

16 24

15 60 GPM @ 450 RPM


HP @ R 450 PM

12 18

10 40 GPM @ 300 RPM

H
5

00 R P@3

PM

8 12

20

PM HP @ 150 R GPM @ 1

4
50 RPM

0 4 Stage 0 6 Stage 0

0 40 60 80 120 120 180 160 240 200 300 240 360 280 420 320 480 360 540

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: SANITARY HIGH


PRESSURE PUMPS

Date: January 1, 2001

Performance Data
Element: 018 Stages: 9 Drive Ends: H
Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection. Minimum Recommended Motor HP RPM NPSH Required (Ft.)
9 STG

Curve 31.00
150 1.50
7.5

300 3.10
15

450 5.60
25

Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.

1.13

1.70

2.6

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
9 Stage

100 20

GPM @ 450 RPM


80

72

15 60
GPM @ 300 RPM

54

10 40

HP @

PM 450 R
36

GPM @ 150 RPM


5 20

HP @ 30

0 RPM

HP @ 150 RPM

18

0 9 Stage 0

0 90 180 230 360 450 540 630

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: SANITARY HIGH


PRESSURE PUMPS

Date: April 30, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 022 Stages: 4, 6
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.
4 STG 6 STG G

Curve 30.00
150 1.30
3 5 0.53

300 2.60
71/2 10 1.10

450 3.90
10 15 1.60

Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
4 Stage 6 Stage 0

40 60 40 35 30 120 25 20 80 15 10 5
GPM @

160

32 48

24 36

GPM @ 450 RPM


4 HP @

50 R

PM

16 24
GPM @ 300 RPM

HP @

300 R

PM

40

HP @ 150 R

PM

8 12

0 4 Stage 0 6 Stage 0

150 RP

0 360 540

40 60

80 120

120 180

160 240

200 300

240 360

280 420

320 480

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: SANITARY HIGH


PRESSURE PUMPS

Date: April 30, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 036 Stages: 4, 6
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.
4 STG 6 STG H

Curve 32.00
150 1.50
71/2 10 0.90

300 3.10
15 20 1.70

450 5.60
20 25 2.60

Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
4 Stage 6 Stage 0

250 50 200 40

GPM @ 450 RPM


150 30 100 20
GPM @ 300 RPM

60 90

H
GPM @ 150 RPM
HP @ 300 R

50 R P@4

PM

40 60

10

50

PM

HP @ 150 RPM

20 30

0 4 Stage 0 6 Stage 0

0 40 60 80 120 120 180 160 240 200 300 240 360 280 420 320 480 360 540

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

Section: SANITARY HIGH


PRESSURE PUMPS

Date: April 30, 1999

Performance Data
Element: 050 Stages: 4, 6
RPM NPSH Required (Ft.) Minimum Recommended Motor HP Drive End HP Must be added to HP value from curve.
4 STG 6 STG H

Curve 34.00
200 2.43
71/2 15 1.13

300 3.85
15 20 1.70

400 6.20
15 25 2.27

500 9.20
20 30 2.83

Use appropriate HP and pressure scales for the number of stages required. NOTE: Pressure limits rated at 87 psi/stage (70 Duro). Some models have additional limits. Please consult factory before making final selection.

Capacity
M /HR USGPM
3

70 Durometer

55 Durometer

Data Based on Water @ 68F

Horsepower
4 Stage 6 Stage 0

320 280 60 240 50 200 40 160 30 20 10 120 80 40


0 RPM HP @ 20
GPM @ 500 RPM

64 96

5 P@

00 R

PM

56 84 48 72 40 60 32 48 24 36

GPM @ 400 RPM

40 HP @
HP @ 3

0 RP

M 00 RP

GPM @ 300 RPM

GPM @

16 24

200 RPM
8 12 0

0 4 Stage 0 6 Stage 0

40 60

80 120

120 180

160 240

200 300

240 360

280 420

320 480

360 540

Differential Pressure (PSI)*

* (PSI x .069 = BAR) (PSI x .070 = kgf/cm2) (USGPM x .2271 = M3/HR) (HP x .746 = kW)

HORSEPOWER ADDITIVES TABLE I WATER BASE SLURRIES


HP ADDER/100 RPM
<

Elements

% Solids 1 1.4 2.6 4.0 .11 .33 .55 1.4 2.6 4.0 .19 .56 .94 .28 .83 1.39 .32 1.12 2.16

Fine 16 Mesh (1.0 mm) (.039) 2 4 6

011

012

018

022

036

050

10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50 10 30 50

.14 .43 .72

.23 .71 1.19

.42 1.29 2.16

.24 .73 1.22 .36 1.08 1.81 .48 1.43 2.40

.40 1.20 2.0 .60 1.78 2.99 .79 2.36 3.96

.72 2.20 3.70 1.08 3.24 5.43 1.44 4.29 7.20

Medium 16 to 9 Mesh (1.0-2.0 mm) (.039-.078) Number of Stages 1 2 4 6 1.5 3.0 4.5 .13 .28 .51 .22 .40 .88 1.56 .68 .67 1.44 2.61 1.13 1.5 3.0 4.5 .23 .30 .50 .90 .69 .89 1.50 2.70 1.15 1.49 2.46 4.47 .34 .44 .73 1.32 1.02 1.32 2.18 3.96 1.69 2.20 3.63 6.60 .38 .59 .97 1.77 1.16 1.74 2.87 5.22 1.94 2.92 4.82 8.76

Coarse 9 to 4 Mesh (2.0-5.0 mm) (.078-.185) 1 1.9 4.0 6.2 .29 .88 1.47 1.9 4.0 6.2 .39 1.70 1.93 .58 1.72 2.87 .67 2.30 3.29 2 4 6

.48 1.45 2.43

.48 1.45 2.43

.87 2.64 4.41

.50 1.50 2.50 .75 2.24 3.73 1.00 2.96 4.94

.83 2.50 4.10 1.24 3.70 6.12 1.65 4.88 8.15

1.50 4.50 7.50 2.25 6.70 11.20 3.00 8.88 14.82

TABLE II VISCOSITY (NEWTONIAN FLUIDS)


HP ADDER/100 RPM
Models 1 2,500 Viscosity (Centipoise) 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000 150,000

011

.4

.5

.7

1.4

2.0

2.5

012

.37

.52

.72

1.50

2.10

2.50

018

.6

.8

1.1

2.4

3.3

4.0

022

.68

.95

1.32

2.75

3.85

4.58

036

1.10

1.60

2.20

4.50

6.30

7.50

050

1.55

2.14

3.00

6.39

8.50

10.00

EJEMPLO DE SELECCIN
Se requiere seleccionar una bomba Moyno para ser utilizada en un proceso de embotellado de una salsa de 1344 cP con una gravedad especfica de 1.065. La capacidad de cada botella es de 4.75 litros y el tiempo de llenado es de 3 segundos. Si la tubera tiene una longitud equivalente de 10 pies en la succin y 100 pies en la descarga, determine: a) Los dimetros de las tuberas de succin y descarga b) La velocidad de la bomba c) La potencia consumida La instalacin es como se muestra en la figura:

Seleccin PASO 1: OBTENER TODOS LOS DATOS DE LA APLICACIN Los datos ms relevantes son: PARA EL FLUIDO: Nombre del lquido: Salsa de tomate Gravedad especfica: 1.065 Viscosidad: 1344 cP Grado de Abrasin: Ninguno CONDICIONES DE SERVICIO: Caudal: El proceso de embotellado requiere un flujo mximo de 4.75 litros
3 seg

1gal litros 60s 1.583 = 25[gpm] , para no interrumpir la s 1min 3.785litros


Altura de aspiracin: produccin en ningn instante. 1.5 pies (Nota: Si el tanque est por encima de la bomba, es decir, la bomba est inundada, se llama aspiracin, de lo contrario, se llama succin.) Altura de descarga: 30 pies Presin de vaporizacin: No hay un valor exacto para la salsa, entonces asumimos que es muy parecido a la presin de vaporizacin del agua a temperatura ambiente, es decir, 3.5 [KPa]

PASO 2: DETERMINAR LA SERIE BSICA DE LA BOMBA La bomba se utilizar en un proceso alimenticio, por lo que requiere ser de la serie Sanitaria. El tanque inferior sirve para la fabricacin de la salsa y el superior es para el embotellamiento.

PASO 3: ESCOGER LOS MATERIALES DE CONSTRUCCIN Los materiales de construccin usados para las bombas sanitarias son los siguientes:

Nota: La nomenclatura usada en las bombas sanitarias que se lee en la parte superior derecha de las curvas performance es la siguiente: Primera letra: F Bomba Sanitaria CF Bomba sanitaria con opcin CIP (Clean in place) Segunda letra: Tipo de Bomba: Standard, Close Coupled, Open Throat, etc. PASO 4: DETERMINAR EL MENOR TAMAO DEL ELEMENTO DE BOMBEO La gran diferencia entre serie 1000 (las cuales estn relacionadas con la serie Sanitary Pumps) y 2000 (las cuales estn relacionadas con la serie Sanitary High Pressure Pumps) es la capacidad volumtrica de cada una. Si usted mira las curvas performance de la serie 2000, son bombas grandes, que manejan hasta 4500 gpm. La serie 1000 es de bombas ms pequeas. Vamos a la tabla 3, la cual muestra el tamao mximo de las partculas que pueden pasar por un modelo determinado de bomba. Para la serie 1000 tenemos:

Como la salsa no tiene partculas en suspensin, nos sirve el elemento A. Pero hay que comprobar las especificaciones de caudal. La tabla 5 (Para fluidos viscosos) nos muestra ste aspecto:

Con 1344 [cP], para el modelo A se puede enviar mximo 3.6 [gpm] (Iterando). Por lo tanto, hay que descartarlo. Modelo B Mx. GPM: 6.8 Descartado Modelo C Mx. GPM: 13.7 Descartado Modelo D Mx. GPM: 28.0 OK Para identificar un modelo de la Serie 1000 en el catlogo hay que tener en cuenta lo siguiente: 1. La primera letra designa el tipo de bomba as: A Standard B Close Coupled C Open Throat D High Abrasion, Standard E High Abrasion, Close Coupled 2. La segunda posicin indica el nmero de etapas de la bomba, generalmente 1, 2 4. 3. La tercera posicin es una letra desde la A hasta la K que inica el modelo de la bomba y est relacionado con su capacidad volumtrica as: A 0.38 [gal/100 rev] F 12.0 [gal/100 rev] B 0.75 [gal/100 rev] G 22.0 [gal/100 rev] C 1.5 [gal/100 rev] H 36.0 [gal/100 rev] D 3.0 [gal/100 rev] J 48.0 [gal/100 rev] E 6.0 [gal/100 rev] K 62.0 [gal/100 rev] 4. Las tres siguientes posiciones definen los materiales de construccin. La primera identifica el material de la cmara de succin, la segunda indica el material usado en las partes rotativas (partes metlicas en contacto con el material bombeado) y la tercera indica el material del estator (no del tubo donde se inserta el estator, el cual siempre es de acero). 5. Otros caracteres que pueden seguir al cdigo de pedido de una bomba Moyno de la Serie 1000 pueden consultarse en el manual de servicio. PASO 5: AJUSTAR EL TAMAO DE LA BOMBA EN FUNCIN DE LA VISCOSIDAD Y LA ABRASIN.

El grado de abrasin de la salsa es nulo. Sin embargo, su viscosidad es considerable. Cuando calculemos la velocidad de rotacin de la bomba, la tendremos muy en cuenta.

PASO 6:

DETERMINAR EL NMERO DE ETAPAS

Necesitamos saber la presin diferencial que tiene que levantar la bomba. Para ello es necesario saber las prdidas por tubera. Pero para saber las prdidas, necesitamos saber los dimetros de succin y descarga. Un buen criterio para elegir el dimetro de succin de una bomba es la altura neta de aspiracin requerida y podemos buscar la curva performance de la bomba en la serie Sanitaria, elemento D.

1340 RPM

Determinacin del dimetro de Succin. Asumimos (y luego verificaremos) que la velocidad de rotacin de la bomba es de 1000 rpm. As, el NPSH requerido es de 5.65 [ft de agua]. (5.65/1.065 = 5.305 [ft de salsa])

NPSH disponible 5.305[ ft ] = 1.617[m] NPSH d = = p atm p vapor

+ H asp H f

(101.325 3.5)[KPa ] 1.5[ ft ] + Hf 2 3.28[ ft m] 9.81 m s 1.065

= 9.82 H f
Entonces,

9.82 H f 1.617 H f 9.82 1.617 H f 8.2[m ]


Como asegurarnos que la prdida en la succin sea menor de 8.2 [m de salsa]. Vamos a las tablas de prdidas que se adjuntan a ste manual. Primero hay que convertir la viscosidad de cP a SSU (Para una explicacin ms amplia, vase el libro Flujo de Fluidos de Crane, seccin B4):

cSt =

cP 1344 = = 1261.97cSt SG 1.065 SSU = Factor cSt

El factor del que se habla depende de la temperatura. A 38C, el factor es de 4.6347. As, nuestra viscosidad de 1344 cP es 5848.85 SSU. Entonces vamos a una tabla de prdidas de presin para tuberas de acero. Viking, por ejemplo, ofrece una tabla de esta naturaleza y en este compendio se puede encontrar en los anexos. Para 25 gpm tenemos: (Los valores de prdida estn en psi por cada pie de tubera) TAMAO DE LA TUBERA 1 1 2 2 VISCOSIDAD EN SSU Interpolamos 5849 2.44 1.27 0.49 0.24

GPM

5000 2.10 1.10 0.42 0.20

6000 2.50 1.30 0.50 0.25

25

Nuestra prdida no debe ser superior a 8.2 [m de salsa]. Convirtiendo a psi tenemos:

H f = 8.2[m salsa] 9810 N m3 1.065 H f = 85.67[KPa] = 12.42[ psi]


Y como en la succin se tienen 10 pies de tubera, la mxima prdida que pudiera presentarse antes de que ocurra la cavitacin sera de 1.242 [psi/pie]. Como se ve, el dimetro de 1 y el de

1 no sirven, porque ofrecen unas prdidas mayores a la mxima. Tomamos el inmediatamente siguiente, es decir, la tubera de 2 que tiene una prdida de 0.49 [psi/pie]. Con tal valor, las prdidas en la succin sern de 0.49

psi 10[ pies ] = 4.9[ psi ] pie

Para el dimetro de la tubera de descarga vamos a tomar uno en el que la presin diferencial no supere el tope mximo admitido para una etapa, ya que pasarnos de ese lmite exigir al menos dos etapas y ser una bomba mucho ms costosa. Elastmero Tamao Rotor/Estator Bombas Industriales De 2 hasta 800 y de Q, B, F A hasta K Grado de Abrasin Ligero Mediano Presin por etapa (psi) 65.25 43.5

Ninguno 87

Pesado 21.75

Como nuestro fluido no es abrasivo ni corrosivo, la mxima presin recomendada por etapa es de 87 [psi]. La presin diferencial sera:

p = pest + H f

La presin debida a la columna esttica sera:

pest = ( agua SG ) h lb = 62.424 3 1.065 28.5[ pie] pie pest = 1889.14 lb pie 2 = 13.1[ psi ]

La presin diferencial mxima sera:

87[ psi ] pest + H f suc + H f desc 13.12 + 4.9 + H f desc H f desc 68.98[ psi ]
Como la tubera de descarga tiene 100 [pies], la prdida mxima admisible en la descarga sera de 0.69 [psi/pie]. Segn la tabla, ya no nos servira una tubera de 1 ni la de 1 . Entonces pasamos a una tubera de 2, la cual tiene una prdida de 0.49 [psi/pie]. As, la prdida de presin en la tubera de descarga sera de 49 [psi] y la presin diferencial sera:

p = pest + H f suc + H f desc = 13.12 + 4.9 + 49 p = 67.02[ psi ]

PASO 7: DETERMINAR LA VELOCIDAD DE LA BOMBA Para determinar la velocidad de la bomba, usamos la Tabla No.5 ya que tenemos un fluido viscoso y buscamos el elemento D para 1344 cP. Mxima Viscosidad cP 50

Tamao del Elemento D Mx. RPM Mx. GPM

1.000 1500 29.5

2.500 1500 22.9

5.000 1050 15.4

10.000 550 7.9

50.000 130 1.9

100.000 70 1.0

En una grfica, se vera lo siguiente:

Interpolando, el mximo flujo a 1500 [rpm] para un fluido de 1344 cP es de 27.99 [gpm]. Pero en nuestro caso, el flujo es de 25 [gpm]. Entonces las revoluciones pueden ser menores. Por ser una bomba de desplazamiento positivo (Velocidad de rotacin proporcional al caudal),

Entonces:

25 N = 1500 = 1340[rpm] 27.99

Nota: Con esta velocidad recalculamos el NPSHd = 9.61 [ft-agua] = 9.02 [ft-salsa] = 2.75 [m] Entonces las prdidas

H f 9.82 H f H f 7.07[m ]

10.71[ psi ]

En 10 [pies] de tubera, podramos tener como mximo 1.071 [psi/pie]. Hemos elegido una tubera de 2 que nos asegura una prdida de 0.49 [psi/pie]: OK Nota: Si se hubiera podido pasar a 1 , lgicamente lo hubiramos hecho. Aqu no se pudo porque 1 tiene una prdida de 1.27 > 1.07 [psi/pie]. PASO 8: SELECCIN DE LA CAJA DE RODAMIENTOS No aplica para la serie 1000. PASO 9: DETERMINACIN DE LA POTENCIA REQUERIDA Entrando en la grfica con 67.02 [psi] de presin diferencial y avanzando hasta 1340 [rpm] encontramos la potencia requerida a la derecha. (Ver grfico)

Pot = 2.05[HP]
Correccin de la potencia debido a la viscosidad: Nos dirigimos al final de la Serie Sanitaria y encontraremos una tabla para corregir la potencia debido a la viscosidad del fluido:

En elemento D, interpolando para 1344 cP se deben sumar 0.0478 [HP/100 rpm] Entonces la correccin por viscosidad es de: 0.0478

HP 1340[rpm ] = 0.641[HP ] 100rpm

Pot = 2.05 + 0.641 = 2.691[HP]


Nota: Tener en cuenta la correccin si es un fluido abrasivo. Se debe tomar como correccin el mayor valor entre la correccin por viscosidad y por abrasividad (no se suman).

Para la potencia consumida debe sumarse la potencia de acople (performance Superior derecha)

Para 1340 [rpm] se debe sumar una potencia de 0.536 [HP]. Por lo tanto, la potencia de consumo es de

Pot = 2.691 + 0.536

Pot = 3.23[HP ]

bombas de engranajes internos

Section

510 510.1 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA

Page Issue

VIKING ROTARY PUMPS OPERATE EQUALLY WELL IN EITHER DIRECTION!

POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PRINCIPLE AND HOW IT WORKS


Vikings simple gear-within-a-gear principle has only two moving parts. It is the secret of dependable, efficient operation of all positive displacement Viking Rotary Pumps. The positive displacement of liquid is accomplished by the complete filling of the spaces between the teeth of the rotor and idler gears. The only limiting factor to peak performance in a Viking Pump, as with all rotary pumps, is that the liquid pumped must be comparatively clean. With every revolution of the pump shaft, a definite amount of liquid enters the pump through the suction port. This liquid fills the spaces between the teeth of the rotor and the idler. The crescent on the pump head splits the flow of liquid as it is moved smoothly toward the discharge port. The idler gear, which carries the liquid between its teeth and the inside surface of the crescent, rotates on the pin supported by the pump head. The rotor gear, which carries the liquid between its teeth, travels between the casing and the outside surface of the crescent and is connected to the pump shaft. The four schematic drawings at right give a graphic illustration of flow characteristics through the pump.

1
The colored portion at left indicates the liquid as it enters the suction port area of the casing and the area between the rotor teeth and corresponding concave area between the idler teeth. The two black arrows indicate the pump rotation and progress of the liquid.

Notice the progress of the liquid through the pump and between the teeth of the gear-within-a-gear principle. Also, note how the crescent shape on the head divides the liquid and acts as a seal between the suction and discharge ports.

This illustration shows the pump in a nearly flooded condition just previous to the liquid being forced into the discharge port area. Notice how the gear design of the idler and rotor form locked pockets for the liquid so as to guarantee absolute volume control.

4
This view shows the pump in a completely flooded condition and in the process of discharging the liquid through the discharge port. The rotor and idler teeth mesh, forming a seal equidistant between the discharge and suction ports, forcing liquid out the discharge port.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510. D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


CONTENTS
Page Page
STEP 6 Determine the size of the discharge piping .............................................12-17 Figure 10 Pressure losses from pipe friction ..................................................13-16 Figure 11 Friction loss in standard valves and fittings ............................................ 12 STEP 7 Determine the horsepower required ..17-19 Figure 12 Performance curve for a Viking pump model K124 handling 2,500 SSU liquid ........... 18 STEP 8 Select the materials of construction ....... 19 STEP 9 Consider the temperature of the liquid pumped ...................................................... 20 STEP 10 Select the mounting and drive arrangement ........................................................ 20 PART 3. USEFUL ENGINEERING INFORMATION Viscosity chart SAE crankcase oils ........................ 21 Viscosity chart fuel oils and kerosene .................... 21 Viscosity Temperature chart for sugar and corn syrups ......................................................... 22 Conversion factors ................................................. 22 Comparative equivalents of liquid measures and weights ......................................................... 23 pH range ................................................................ 23 Round vertical tank capacity in gallons .................. 23 Pressure loss in smooth bore rubber hose ............ 23 Head and pressure equivalents ............................. 24 Atmospheric pressure at different altitudes ............ 24 Comparison of vacuum and absolute pressures at sea level ......................................... 24 Metric - English capacity units ................................ 25 Metric - English pressure units ............................... 25 Fahrenheit - centigrade conversion ........................ 25 Properties of saturated steam ................................ 25 Resistance of valves and fittings to flow of liquids .............................................................. 26 Standard and extra strong pipe data ...................... 26 Application data sheet ..................... See last 2 pages

PART 1. ROTARY PUMP FUNDAMENTALS INTRODUCTION ..................................................... 3 Figure 1 Pressure comparison graph ................. 3 HEAD Static suction and discharge, total suction, discharge and dynamic, Velocity and Net Positive Suction Head ............................. 3 Figure 2 Installation showing various suction and discharge conditions ........................ 4 Figure 3 Installation showing total dynamic head ..................................................... 4 VAPOR PRESSURE Description and effect on installation .............................................. 4 Figure 4 Theoretical and maximum recommended suction lift for water at various temperatures F .................................. 5 VISCOSITY Description and effect on installation .............................................................. 5 Figure 5 Percentage of rated speed for various liquids .................................................... 5 CAPACITY Units ................................................... 5 HORSEPOWER AND EFFICIENCY Description and units ............................................. 5 Figure 6 Viscosity conversion chart ................... 6 PART . SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS FORWARD Example Problem .............................. 8 Figure 7 Installation for example problem .......... 8 STEP 1 Determine the capacity required in gallons per minute .............................................. 8 STEP  Determine the liquid viscosity at the pumping temperature ....................................... 8 STEP 3 Select the pump size ............................ 8-9 Figure 8 Approximate viscosity and specific gravity of common liquids ....................... 9 STEP 4 Select the type and class of pump ........... 9 Figure 9 Pump Size Selection Diagram ............ 10 STEP 5 Determine the size of the suction piping............................................................... 11-12

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


ROTARY PUMP FUNDAMENTALS
INTRODUCTION
Before discussing terms used in pumping, first let us consider how a pump lifts liquids (See Figure 1). Any liquid at rest in an open container at sea level is subject to atmospheric (absolute) pressure of approximately 14.7 pounds per square inch (psi) which is the same as 0 psi gage pressure. When a pump, located above the liquid level and having a pipe connected to the suction port and extending down into the liquid, is started, the air in the suction line between the liquid and the pump is removed by the pump. This reduces the pressure inside the pump to a point below atmospheric pressure. The atmospheric pressure on the liquid outside the pipe, being greater than the absolute pressure inside the pipe, causes the liquid to rise inside the pipe. If the pump would remove all of the air from the suction line, the liquid inside the pipe could rise to a height of 34 feet (equal to 14.7 psi) for a liquid with a specific gravity of 1.00. In actual practice, this height will be less than 34 feet due to the frictional resistance encountered by the liquid traveling through the pipe and the vapor pressure of the liquid at the pumping temperature (to be discussed later). Pressures below atmospheric are spoken of as vacuum and referred to in units of inches of mercury (in. Hg.)

Section Page Issue

510 510.3 D

into the figuring of head, so the following conversions are given: psi = .49 x in. Hg. = Head in feet x specific gravity 2.31 in. Hg. = 2.04 x psi = Head in feet x specific gravity x .88 Head in feet = = psi x 2.31 Specific Gravity in. Hg. Specific Gravity x .88

Definitions

Terms used in this bulletin are discussed here to help one more clearly understand the subject matter.
26 24 22 20 18 16 14
GAGE PRESSURE, PSI

40 38 36 34 32 30 28 26 24 20 18 16 14.7 14 12
VACUUM, IN. HG. PRESSURE, PSI

Head in feet in the above conversions means head in feet of the liquid pumped. Specific gravity is the weight of any volume of a liquid divided by the weight of an equal volume of water. Static Suction Lift is the vertical distance in feet (expressed in psi) between the liquid level of the source of supply and the centerline of the pump when the pump is located above the liquid level of the source of supply. See Figure 2, (A). Static Suction Head is the vertical distance in feet (expressed in psi) between the liquid level of the source of supply and the centerline of the pump when the pump is located below the liquid level of the source of supply. See Figure 2, (B). Friction Head is the pressure (expressed in psi) required to overcome frictional resistance of a piping system to a liquid flowing through it. See Figure 2, (D). Velocity Head is the energy of the liquid (expressed in psi) due to its rate of flow through the pipe. It can usually be ignored because of its small value compared to the total head value. Total Suction Lift is the total pressure below atmospheric (expressed in in. Hg. or psi) at the suction port when the pump is in operation and equals: 1. Static suction lift plus the frictional head or 2. Frictional head minus the static suction head (if frictional head is greater than static suction head) See Figure 3. Total Suction Head is the total pressure above atmospheric (expressed in psi) at the suction port when the pump is in operation and is equal to the static suction head minus frictional head. Static Discharge Head is the vertical distance in feet (expressed in psi) between the centerline of the pump and the point of free delivery of the liquid. See Figure 2, (A), (B), and (C). Total Discharge Head is the sum of the frictional head in the discharge line (discharge frictional head) and the static discharge head. See Figure 3.
2007

12 10 8 6 4 2
ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE

22

0 5 10 15 20 25

10 8 6 4 2 0

29.92

FIG. 1 - Pressure and Vacuum Diagram

HEAD
Units of Measuring Head For rotary pumps, the common unit of measurement is pound per square inch (psi). For a suction lift, the value is referred to as inches of mercury (in. Hg.). Vertical distance in feet often enters

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

ABSOLUTE

Section Page Issue

510 510.4 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


ROTARY PUMP FUNDAMENTALS
As mentioned before, when cavitation occurs in the handling of any liquid, capacity is reduced and the pump may be expected to be noisy and vibrate. With cavitation, the higher the discharge pressure, the more noisy the pump will be.

Total Static Head is the sum of the static suction lift and the static discharge head or the difference between the static discharge head and the static suction head. See Figure 2, (A), (B) and (C). Total Dynamic Head is the sum of the total discharge head and total suction lift or the difference between the total discharge head and total suction head. See Figure 3. Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) is the pressure in feet of liquid absolute measured at the pump suction port, less the vapor pressure. For additional discussion on NPSH, see Application Data Sheet AD-19.

STATIC DISCHARGE HEAD TOTAL STATIC HEAD CENTERLINE OF PUMP

TOTAL STATIC HEAD STATIC DISCHARGE HEAD

Vapor Pressure and Units All liquids will boil or vaporize with the proper combination of temperature and pressure. As the pressure is reduced, boiling will occur at a lower temperature. For example, water boils at atmospheric pressure at sea level (14.7 psi) at 212F. At an elevation of 10,000 feet the atmospheric pressure is reduced to 10.0 psi and water will boil at 193F. As boiling takes place, vapor is given off by the liquid. For most common liquids at room temperature, boiling occurs at pressures below atmospheric pressure. As the pressure on liquids in the suction line is decreased (vacuum increased), a pressure is reached at which the liquid boils. This pressure is known as the vapor pressure of the liquid. If the pressure in the suction line is further decreased (vacuum increased), both vapor and liquid will enter the pump and the capacity of the pump will be reduced. In addition, the vapor bubbles in the pump, when entering the pressure or discharge side of the pump, will be collapsed by the pressure resulting in noise and vibration. The rapid formation of vapor in the suction line and suction port along with their sudden collapse is called cavitation. For liquids which evaporate readily, such as gasoline, cavitation may occur with only a few inches mercury vacuum while for liquids which do not evaporate readily, such as lubricating oils, cavitation may not occur until a vacuum of 18 inches mercury or higher is reached. Effect on Pump and Installation The theoretical height to which a liquid can be lifted at any temperature is the difference between atmospheric pressure and the vapor pressure of the liquid at that temperature, when both values of pressure are expressed in feet of the liquid. The suction lift practical for actual pumping installations is considerably below the theoretical value given above. Figure 4 has been prepared to show the theoretical suction lift of water and the maximum recommended for water at various temperatures. As elevations above sea level increase, atmospheric pressure decreases and the maximum suction lifts permitted are reduced. * For additional discussion on Vapor Pressure,
see Application Data Sheet AD-19.

VAPOR PRESSURE*

STATIC SUCTION LIFT

(A) This Installation Shows Static Suction Lift With Free Discharge

STATIC SUCTION HEAD

(B)

CENTERLINE OF PUMP

This Installation Shows Static Suction Head With Free Discharge

PIPE & FITTINGS

STATIC DISCHARGE HEAD

TOTAL STATIC HEAD CENTERLINE OF PUMP STATIC SUCTION LIFT CENTERLINE OF PUMP

(C) This Installation Shows Static Suction Lift With Discharge to Bottom of Tank

(D) This Installation Shows Pipe Friction Losses

FIG.  - Installations Showing Various Suction and Discharge Conditions

TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD

FRICTION HEAD

FRICTION HEAD

TOTAL DISCHARGE HEAD STATIC DISCHARGE HEAD

STATIC SUCTION LIFT TOTAL SUCTION LIFT

FIG. 3 - Typical Installation Showing Total Dynamic Head

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


ROTARY PUMP FUNDAMENTALS
212

Section Page Issue

510 510.5 D

120
THEORETICAL

TEMPERATURE IN DEGREES FAHR.

200 180 160 140 120 MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED 100 80 60 40 12 8 4 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36

110 OPERATING SPEED IN PERCENT 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 50 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000
CATALOG RATED SPEED

SUCTION HEAD (FT.)

SUCTION LIFT (FT.)

FIG. 4 - Theoretical and Maximum Recommended Suction Lift for Water at Various Temperatures F.

VISCOSITY IN SECONDS SAYBOLT UNIVERSAL

FIG. 5 - Percentage of Rated Speed for Viscous Liquids

Viscosity and Units Viscosity may be defined as the resistance of a fluid to flow. In the United States the most widely used instrument for measuring viscosity is the Saybolt Universal viscosimeter. In this instrument, adopted by the American Society for Testing Materials, the time required for a given quantity of fluid to flow through a capillary tube is measured. This time, in seconds, gives a result in terms of Seconds Saybolt Universal (SSU). For high viscosities, a Saybolt Furol viscosimeter is used that gives a result in terms of Seconds Saybolt Furol (SSF). SSF x 10 = SSU. Conversions from other viscosity units to SSU are shown in Figure 6 on the following page. Effect on Pump Installation The viscosity of the liquid is a very important factor in the selection of a pump. It is the determining factor in frictional head, motor size required and speed reduction necessary. Frequently, for high viscosity liquids, it is more economical to use a large pump operating at a reduced speed since the original higher total installation cost is more than offset by reduced maintenance and subsequent longer life of the unit. Figure 5 shows the percentage of rated speed used for pumping liquids of various viscosities. Compared to other types of pumps, the rotary pump is best able to handle high viscosity liquids. The following tabulation shows the approximate maximum viscosity liquids that can be handled with various type pumps: Centrifugal ................................................ 3,000 SSU Reciprocating ........................................... 5,000 SSU Rotary ................................................ 2,000,000 SSU The theoretical maximum allowable static suction lift is equal to 14.7 psi minus the frictional head. If the frictional head is high, an increase in suction piping size and port size will reduce the frictional head and allow a greater static suction lift. On high viscosity liquids, the reduction of pump speed will also reduce frictional head and allow a greater static suction lift.

VISCOSITY

Under some conditions, with high viscosity liquids, it may be better to relocate the pump to obtain a static suction head rather than to have a static suction lift. This relocation will help guarantee filling of the tooth spaces of the idler and rotor during the time they are exposed to the suction port and result in improved pump performance. For additional discussion on Viscosity and its effect on Pump Selection, see Application Data Sheet AD-3.

Capacity Units The capacity is measured in terms of US gallons per minute or gpm.

CAPACITY

Horsepower and Units The work required to drive the pump or the power input is designated as brake horsepower or Pin. Power output or Pout may be computed by the formula: Pout = gals. per min. x total dynamic head in psi 1715

HORSEPOWER AND EFFICIENCY

Friction in the pump is the main loss of power so that the power output is always less than the power input. Pump efficiency is defined as power output divided by power input or: Pout Pin gals. per min. x total dynamic head in psi Pin = 1715 x Efficiency Efficiency =

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.6 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


ROTARY PUMP FUNDAMENTALS
FIG. 6 - VISCOSITY CONVERSION CHART
Kinematic Viscosity Centistokes Seconds Redwood 1 (Standard) Seconds Redwood 2 (Admiralty) Seconds Parlin Cup No. 10 Seconds Parlin Cup No. 15

Seconds Saybolt Furol, SSF

1 32 2 35 3 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 18 20 200 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 40 50 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 60 80 100 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 200 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

54

1.0

20

56 30 60 1.2 1.1 25

4 5 6 8 10

35 70 40 80 50 60 70 90 100 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 35 5.0 3.0 2.5 30

20

80 90 100 200 15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 50 9 20 30 2,000 40 50 150 200 150 300 400 500 200 700 300 20,000 400 500 1,000 1,200 1,500 1,700 400 500 700 800 1,000 1,200 75 100 150 200 50 300 5 4.3 3.75 3.3 2.4 75 100 50 10 25 75 100 25 15 15 25 5

5.5 40 6.0 45 6 115 25 7 8 50 7.0 50 75 7.5 6.5

30

25

100

200 300 400 500 600 800 1,000

10 50 15 5.0

200

2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 10,000

200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1,000

2,000

200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

3,000 4,000

3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000

5,000 7,000 10,000

60 70 80 90 100

300

100 20

10 30 200 40

300

60 80

2,000 3,000

500 750

100 150 200

10,000

2,000

4,000 5,000 20,000 2,000

30,000 40,000

600 800 1,000

200

1.5

950

30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 80,000 100,000

3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 8,000 10,000

6,000 8,000 10,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 20,000 80,000 100,000 30,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 8,000 10,000

50,000 60,000 70,000 100,000

CONVERSION FACTORS Centipoises Specific Gravity SSU* = Centistokes x 4.55 Degrees Engler* = Centistokes x 0.132 Seconds Redwood 1* = Centistokes x 4.05 * Where Centistokes are greater than 50 Centistokes =

2,000 3,000

200,000

4,000 5,000

200,000

20,000

40,000 50,000 200,000 20,000

300,000

6,000

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Seconds Parlin Cup No. 20 3.5 4.0 4.5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 70

Seconds Pratt & Lambert F

Seconds Saybolt Universal, SSU

Seconds Parlin Cup No. 7

Seconds Ford Cup No. 3

Seconds Ford Cup No. 4

Seconds Engler

Degrees Engler

Degrees Barbey

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS

Section Page Issue

510 510.7 D

FOR EACH APPLICATION

VIKING PUMP

____RESULTS____ A SATISFACTORY

SELECT THE MOUNTING AND DRIVE ARRANGEMENT LIQUID BEING PUMPED


CONSIDER THE TEMPERATURE OF THE

SELECT THE MATERIALS OF CONSTRUCTION DETERMINE THE HORSEPOWER REQUIRED DETERMINE THE SIZE OF THE DISCHARGE PIPING
DETERMINE THE SIZE OF THE SUCTION PIPING

SELECT THE TYPE AND CLASS OF PUMP


FIGS. 10 & 11 SELECT THE PUMP SIZE FIGS. 12
2007

FIGS. 5 & 8

DETERMINE THE CAPACITY REQUIRED IN GALLONS PER MINUTE (GPM) OR CUBIC METERS PER HOUR (m3hr)

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

FIG. 9

DETERMINE THE LIQUID VISCOSITY AT THE PUMPING TEMPERATURE

FIGS. 10 & 11

Section Page Issue

510 510.8 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
STEP 1
Determine the Capacity Required in Gallons Per Minute

FOREWORD
The purpose of this section Selecting the Correct Viking Pump in 10 Easy Steps is to provide a means of systematically arriving at the proper final pump selection with a minimum of effort. Reference to the terms defined in the Introduction will aid in understanding this section. Consult the factory when in doubt on any point in the selection of a pump. To aid in following the explanation, an example problem is given below. The example problem will be followed through each of the Ten Easy Steps and the selection of the proper pump for the application will be given. Example: (See FIG. 7) A canning factory desires to add syrup to a cooking kettle at the rate of 448 pounds of syrup per minute. The syrup must be taken from a basement storage tank and delivered to the cooking kettle located on the third floor. The basement temperature will reach a minimum of 60F. at which temperature the syrup will have a viscosity of 3,000 SSU. The specific gravity of the syrup at 60F. is 1.36. For a liquid of this viscosity, the pump would usually be located in the basement below the storage tank, however, space limitations prevent this and the pump must be located on the first floor. The desired piping arrangement and dimensions are shown on Figure 7. Select the proper size pipe and pump unit for this application.

Since desired capacity is not always known in terms of gallons per minute, a few common conversions are listed below: US gpm = .7 x barrels per hour (bph) = .0292 x bbls. per day (bpd) pounds per hour = specific gravity x 500 = 1.2 x Imperial GPM One barrel is considered to contain 42 US or 35 Imperial Gallons. For other volumetric conversions, see Page 22. Example: The capacity required in gallons per minute is given by the formula: pounds per hour US GPM = specific gravity x 500 US GPM = 448 x 60 1.36 x 500

US GPM = 40

STEP 
Determine the Liquid Viscosity at the Pumping Temperature (Lowest)

Viscosities of some common liquids are listed in Figure 8 to aid in the viscosity determination of the liquid pumped. For conversion to SSU from other units of viscosity measurement, refer to Figure 6. If it is impossible to determine the liquid viscosity, a sample of the material may be sent to Viking Pump, Inc., Cedar Falls, Iowa, where an accurate viscosity determination will be made in the laboratory. A minimum of one pint of liquid is needed for this purpose. In submitting a sample, always specify the temperature at which the liquid will be pumped. Example: The viscosity, in SSU, of the syrup is given. SSU = 3,000

STEP 3
Select the Pump Size When the capacity required in gpm and the viscosity in SSU at the pumping temperature are known, the proper size pump can be selected from Figure 9. Note: Figure 9 is presented as an illustrative example, only.
2007

FIG. 7 - Installation for Example Problem

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS

Section Page Issue

510 510.9 D

FIG. 8 - APPROXIMATE VISCOSITIES & SPECIFIC GRAVITIES OF COMMON LIQUIDS


LIQUID Specific Temp., Gravity F. 60 Viscosity SSU 7,500 2,000 3,700 1,100 9,000 3,700 55,000 4,500 31 70,000 7,500 3,000 800 240 190 150 90 33 12,000 4,500 33,000 9,000 130,000 40,000 Temp., F. 250 300 100 122 122 140 140 180 70 100 150 70 100 70 70 70 70 70 100 130 100 130 100 130 LIQUID No. 2 Fuel Oil* . . . . . . . . No. 3 Fuel Oil* . . . . . . . . No. 5A Fuel Oil* . . . . . . . No. 5B Fuel Oil* . . . . . . . No. 6 Fuel Oil* . . . . . . . . SAE No. 10* . . . . . . . . . . SAE No. 30* . . . . . . . . . . SAE No. 50* . . . . . . . . . . SAE No. 70* . . . . . . . . . . SAE No. 90 (Trans.)* . . . . . . . . . . . SAE No. 140 (Trans.)* . . . . . . . . . . . SAE No. 250 (Trans.)* . . . . . . . . . . . Vegetable Castor . . . . . . . . . . . . China Wood . . . . . . . . Coconut . . . . . . . . . . . Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cotton Seed . . . . . . . . Linseed, Raw . . . . . . . Olive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Palm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peanut . . . . . . . . . . . . Specific Temp., Gravity F. .88 .88 .88 .88 .88 .91 .91 .91 .91 .91 .91 .91 .97 .94 .93 .92 .90 .93 .92 .92 .92 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 160 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 Viscosity SSU 43 37 40 36 90 60 250 175 1,700 500 200 105 490 220 1,300 90 2,700 140 1,200 400 1,600 160 Over 2,300 Over 200 1,300 500 1,400 600 140 80 140 50 170 100 140 90 200 110 220 125 200 110 Temp., F. 70 100 100 130 100 130 100 130 122 160 100 130 100 130 100 210 100 210 100 130 130 210 130 210 100 130 70 100 100 130 130 212 100 130 100 130 100 130 100 130 100 130 LIQUID Specific Gravity Temp., F. 60 60 60 60 100 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 Viscosity SSU 1,500 600 190 110 170 100 33 32 250,000 30,000 230 90 300 110 450 150 650 200 1,000 280 1,700 400 2,700 650 5,500 1,150 10,000 2,000 5,000 1,000 150,000 11,000 250 60 1,500 110 40,000 300 32 Temp., F. 100 130 100 130 100 130 60 100 100 130 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 122 212 122 212 122 212 70 Asphalt Virgin* . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.03 Blended RC-1, MC-1 or SC-1* . . . . . . . . . 1.0 RC-3, MC-3 or SC-3* . . . . . . . . . 1.0 RC-5, MC-5 or SC-5* . . . . . . . . . 1.0 Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . .71 Glucose* . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Glycerine . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.25 Glycol: Propylene . . . . . . . . . . Triethylene . . . . . . . . . Diethylene . . . . . . . . . Ethylene . . . . . . . . . . . Milk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Molasses A* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.04 1.13 1.12 1.13 1.03 1.43 Rosin . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98 Sesame . . . . . . . . . . . .92 Soya Bean . . . . . . . . . .94 Turpentine . . . . . . . . . .86 Syrups Corn* . . . . . . . . . . . Sugar . . . . . . . . . 1.43 1.29 (60 Brix) 1.30 (62 Brix) 1.31 (64 Brix) 1.32 (66 Brix) 1.34 (68 Brix) 1.35 (70 Brix) 1.36 (72 Brix) 1.38 (74 Brix) 1.39 (76 Brix)

60 60 60 70 60 70 70 70 70 70 70 60 60 60

B* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.45 C* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.48 (Blackstrap) Oils Petroleum Crude (Penn.)* . . . . . . . . . .82 Crude (Texas. Okla.)* Crude (Wyo. Mont.)* Crude (Calif.)* . . . . . . . . . No. 1 Fuel Oil* .85 .87 .85 .88

Tar Coke Oven* . . . . . . . . 1.12 Gas House* . . . . . . . . 1.24 Road RT-2* . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.07 RT-6* . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.09 RT-10* . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.14 Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0

60 60 60 60 60

130 60 400 120 650 180 2,600 380 37 34

60 100 60 100 60 100 60 100 70 100

* Values given are average values and the actual viscosity may be greater or less than the value given.

It includes some of the Pump sizes which cover the entire capacity range that can be handled by Viking Pumps. Vikings varied product line occasionally offers an alternate choice of pump sizes depending upon the application and the type of pump desired. Refer to specific section(s) of the catalog for complete performance data and specifications on particular pump models, series and sizes.
A. Locate the capacity required along the left edge of the chart. B. Locate the viscosity of the liquid along the bottom edge of the chart. C. Follow the capacity line horizontally and the viscosity line vertically until they intersect. D. The zone in which these lines intersect denotes the correct size pump for the application. E. If the point of intersection of the capacity and vis- cosity lines lies to the right of the solid vertical line A-A, a steel fitted pump or one of equal strength must be used. Intersection points to the left of the line A-A indicate a pump of standard construction may be used.

Following the example below, using Figure 9 on Page 10, the intersection of 40 GPM and 3,000 SSU falls in the zone of a K size pump. Example: (Dotted Line)
Viscosity, SSU ............................................................ 3,000 Capacity, GPM .................................................................. 40 Basic Pump Size ................................................................K

STEP 4
Select the Type and Class of Pump After the pump size has been determined, the choice of a type of pump will depend on several factors. To serve the needs of all industries and pump users, Viking pumps are grouped by types to serve the numerous needs of the users. These pump types, together with pressure limitations are to be found in the catalog. As the name implies, General Purpose pumps are used for normal duty operation and where pressures are not excessive. For continuous duty at higher pressures, the Heavy-Duty pump fulfills the job. The liquid handled is often instrumental in the selection of a type of pump. Milk should be handled by a Sanitary pump, propane by an LP Gas pump, etc.
2007

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

Section Page Issue

510 510.10 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
PUMP SIZE SELECTION DIAGRAM

Standard Construction
P/RS
1000

Steel Fitted

R N QS Q LS
100

L/LQ/LL KK K

M LL L/LQ

Capacity

(GPM)

HL

10

H G

H FH F

0.1 10 20
( 100 SSU)

100

160
( 750 SSU)

550
( 2500 SSU)

1000 1600
( 7500 SSU)

5400
( 25000 SSU)

10000 16000
( 75000 SSU)

54000 100000
( 250000 SSU)

Viscosity (cSt)

FIG. 9

VIKING MODEL NUMBER SYSTEM


The Viking Model Number System hinges on a number of basic letters which stand for the pump size or capacity.
Pump Letter Size GPM RPM

These letters are as follows and most appear in the chart above.
L or LQ 135 640

F 1

FH 3

G 5

GG 10

H 15

HJ 20

HL 30

AS 50

AK 50

AL 75

K 75 780

KK 100 780

LL 140 520

LS 200 640

Q 300 520

M 420 420

QS 500 520

N 600 350

RS

1100 1500 1600 280 230 280

1800 1800 1800 1200 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1200 1200

NOTE: Nominal capacities and rated speeds may vary depending upon pump series.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
For clean liquids of low to medium viscosities at low to medium temperatures, the mechanical seal pumps are desirable. Packed pumps with special packing are usually recommended for applications involving high temperatures, high viscosities. Pumps with special wear resistant features are available for handling liquids containing abrasive particles. Insurance Underwriters or city or state law requirements may determine the choice of an Underwriters Approved pump when handling flammable liquids. Example: Two types of pumps could be selected, the General Purpose or the Heavy-Duty. For long life and continuous duty, the Heavy-Duty pump would be the choice. The final decision, in this case, need not be made until the total discharge head is calculated.

Section Page Issue

510 510.11 D

STEP 5
Determine the Size of the Suction Piping The use of ample size suction piping is a prime requirement of a good installation. This is especially true for viscous liquids, previously discussed under the heading Viscosity. When considering the suction side of a pump installation, reference is often made to Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) which was defined in the fundamentals section. NPSH is the energy that forces liquid into the pump. Determining the Net Positive Suction Head Available (NPSHa) on an existing pumping system involves measuring the absolute pressure at the suction port by means of a gage and subtracting the liquids vapor pressure at the pumping temperature. To calculate NPSHa for an existing or proposed installation, determine the absolute pressure above the source of liquid, add the suction head or subtract the suction lift, subtract the piping friction losses and the liquids vapor pressure. Remember all measurements and calculations are expressed in feet of liquid pumped. For a given pump with specific operating conditions a minimum value of NPSH is required to assure desirable full flow operation. This is referred to as the Net Positive Suction Head Required (NPSHr) for the pump and can be determined only by closely controlled testing. If the NPSHa on a proposed installation does not exceed the NPSHr, the pump may operate in a starved condition or will cavitate, as discussed previously. The effects of such a condition may vary from a slight reduction in expected capacity to serious vibration, extremely noisy operation and/or abnormal wear. Many Viking pumps are called upon to operate with marginal suction conditions and do so successfully. Frequently it is possible to obtain pumps with oversize ports to aid in reducing NPSHr.

maximum allowable PSI loss per foot of suction pipe for turbulent flow (D). If the maximum allowable PSI loss per foot of suction pipe for turbulent flow (D) is allowable PSI loss per foot of suction pipe for turbulent flow (D) is less than the value given in Figure 10, repeat

Determining NPSHr values for Viking pumps, over the wide range of speeds and viscosities they are used for, is a large undertaking and a great deal of NPSHr data has been and continues to be, accumulated. However, the following discussion is intended as a general guideline and refers to allowable vacuum gage readings in in. Hg. which is in keeping with rotary pump application traditions. Since many pump application problems are related to the suction side of the pump, it is always good to practice to pay particular attention to this portion of the proposed installation. Feel free to contact your Viking distributor, Viking sales representative or the factory for answers to questions you may have regarding this matter. For ideal pumping conditions, the total suction lift should never exceed 15 in. Hg. when pumping nonvolatile liquids (See Vapor Pressure). For volatile liquids, the total suction lift should never exceed 10 in. Hg., becoming less as the vapor pressure of the liquid increases. Considering non-volatile liquids, the static suction lift, in psi, must first be subtracted from the allowable 15 in. Hg. (7.4 PSI)* to obtain the allowable PSI friction head for the suction line (A). Referring to Figure 10, determine if the flow of liquid in the suction piping will be laminar or turbulent by following the capacity line horizontally and the viscosity line vertically until they intersect. For laminar flow, disregard friction losses for fittings and valves. Divide the allowable PSI friction head for suction line (A) by the total length of suction pipe to obtain the maximum allowable loss in PSI per foot of suction pipe for laminar flow (B). From Figure 10, select the pipe size having a per foot friction loss less than the maximum allowable loss per foot of suction pipe for laminar flow (B). For turbulent flow, assume the suction port size as the proper size suction pipe and determine the equivalent lengths of straight pipe for the valves and fittings from Figure 11. Add these values to the length of straight suction pipe to obtain the total equivalent length of straight suction pipe (C). Divide the allowable PSI friction head for suction line (A) by the total equivalent length of straight suction pipe (C) to obtain the

greater than the value given in Figure 10, the correct size suction pipe has been selected. If the maximum the above process for the next larger pipe size until the given in Figure 10 for the pipe size checked.
*See * on page 510.12

maximum allowable PSI loss per foot of suction pipe for turbulent flow (D) becomes greater than the value

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.1 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
TABLE GIVES EQUIVALENT LENGTHS IN FEET OF STRAIGHT PIPE

FRICTION LOSS IN STANDARD VALVES AND FITTINGS


NOMINAL PIPE DIAMETER

TYPE OF FITTING Gate Valve (open) Globe Valve (open) Angle Valve (open) Standard Elbow Medium Sweep Elbow Long Sweep Elbow Tee (straight thru) Tee (right angle flow) Return Bend

.35 17 8 1.5 1.3 1.0 1.0 3.2 3.5

.50 22 12 2.2 1.8 1.3 1.3 4.5 5.0

1 .60 27 14 2.7 2.3 1.7 1.7 5.7 6.0

1 .80 38 18 3.6 3.0 2.3 2.3 7.5 8.5

1 1.2 44 22 4.5 3.6 2.8 2.8 9.0 10.0

2 1.2 53 28 5.2 4.6 3.5 3.5 12.0 13.0

2 1.4 68 33 6.5 5.5 4.3 4.3 14.0 15.0

3 1.7 80 42 8.0 7.0 5.2 5.2 16.0 18.0

4 2.3 120 53 11.0 9.0 7.0 7.0 22.0 24.0

5 2.8 140 70 14 12.0 9.0 9.0 27.0 30.0

6 3.5 170 84 16 14.0 11.0 11.0 33.0 37.0

8 4.5 220 120 21 18.0 14.0 14.0 43.0 50.0

10 5.7 280 140 26 22.0 17.0 17.0 53.0 63.0

For other values, see page 26.

FIG. 11

Example: Since sugar syrup may be considered non-volatile, a total suction lift of 15 in. Hg. (7.4 PSI) may be used. Considering a minimum amount of syrup in the storage tank, the static suction lift is eight feet of syrup. This equals 8 x 1.36 or 4.7 PSI. The allowable PSI friction head is then 7.4 PSI 4.7 PSI, or 2.7 PSI. Referring to figure 10, for 40 GPM and 3,000 SSU, the flow is indicated to be laminar and no losses need to be taken into account for the valves and fittings. The allowable friction head (A) divided by the total length of suction pipe is equal to allowable loss per foot of suction pipe. From figure 10, for 40 GPM and 3,000 SSU, the pipe size having a per foot friction loss less than .225 PSI is 3 inch which has a loss of .111 PSI per foot of pipe (Loss equals .082 times the specific gravity of the syrup 1.36 or .111 PSI per foot). K size pumps are furnished as standard with casings featuring 2 inch tapped ports so it will be necessary to use a 3 inch x 2 inch reducing coupling at the pump suction port with the remainder of the piping being 3 inch size. Having determined the size of the suction pipe, the total suction lift may be determined by adding the static suction lift and friction head or: Static suction lift .......................................... 4.7 PSI Friction head (.111 PSI per foot x 12 feet) ... 1.33 PSI Total suction lift ........................................... 6.03 PSI This value is less than the allowable 7.4 PSI Total Suction lift illustrating that the selection of 3 inch suction pipe is correct. The total suction lift will be used later to help determine the horsepower required to drive this pump. *
For a static suction head (pump below the liquid source) the value of the static suction head should be added to the 15 in. Hg. or 7.4 PSI allowable.

STEP 6

2.31

2.7 or .225 PSI per foot of suction pipe (B), the maximum 12

Determine the Size of the Discharge Piping The method of selection of the proper size discharge pipe is much the same as the method used in the selection of the proper size suction pipe. In the choice of the suction pipe size, the maximum allowable vacuum (15 in. Hg. or 7.4 PSI for non-volatile liquids) is used as the basis of calculations. For the discharge pipe, the maximum allowable discharge pressure value for the type of pump selected (See Step 4) is used as the basis of calculations. The static discharge head, in PSI, is first subtracted from the maximum allowable discharge pressure to obtain the allowable PSI friction head for the discharge Since the suction and discharge pipe may be of different size, it is again necessary to determine if the flow will be laminar or turbulent in the discharge piping. Proceed as in Step 5, using first a pipe size equal to the discharge port size. For laminar flow, disregard losses for fittings and valves. Divide the allowable PSI friction head for discharge line (E) by the total length of discharge pipe to obtain the maximum allowable PSI loss per foot of discharge pipe for laminar flow (F). If the calculated maximum allowable loss (F) is less than the value given in Figure 10 for the discharge port size, check larger pipe sizes until the pressure loss value given is less than (F). For turbulent flow, using a pipe size equal to the discharge port size, determine the equivalent lengths of straight pipe for the valves and fittings from Figure 11. Add these values to the length of straight discharge pipe to obtain the total equivalent length of straight discharge pipe (G). Divide the allowable PSI friction head for discharge line (E) by the total equivalent length of straight discharge pipe (G) to obtain the
maximum allowable PSI loss per foot of discharge pipe
2007

line (E).

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
FIG. 10

Section Page Issue

510 510.13 D

PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION


(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 50 .050 .00 .0065 .005 .10 .015 .0060 .000 .045 .009 .008 .0015 .075 .025 .009 .001 .14 .045 .013 .0055 .092 .025 .011 .0036 .12 .030 .016 .0050 .15 .040 .018 .0058 .060 .029 .0083 .0036 .083 .040 .012 .0047 .11 .052 .015 .0065 .066 .020 .0084 .0025 .097 .029 .012 .0045 .14 .040 .017 .0060 .068 .028 .010 .0027 .082 .035 .013 .0034 .10 .043 .015 .0040 100 .14 .055 .018 .0070 .13 .044 .016 .0055 .060 .018 .0079 .0041 .090 .03 .011 .0060 .14 .047 .016 .0085 .14 .05 .013 .0047 .17 .033 .016 .0056 .20 .060 .019 .0061 .075 .035 .0085 .0038 .10 .045 .016 .0048 .13 .065 .020 .009 .078 .024 .011 .0025 .10 .033 .016 .0060 .16 .044 .022 .0080 .086 .037 .012 .0030 .10 .045 .016 .0040 .13 .055 .019 .0046 200 .8 .11 .038 .015 .7 .090 .035 .011 .13 .050 .016 .0090 .18 .070 .03 .013 .6 .10 .033 .018 .15 .050 .06 .010 .18 .060 .03 .01 .8 .065 .036 .013 .080 .045 .017 .0080 .10 .054 .00 .0095 .13 .065 .03 .011 .080 .06 .013 .0053 .10 .033 .016 .0068 .16 .044 .019 .0080 .093 .045 .01 .0035 .11 .052 .022 .0040 .13 .060 .024 .0046 400 .60 .4 .080 .030 .56 .18 .070 .03 .6 .10 .033 .018 .36 .14 .046 .05 .5 .0 .066 .036 .30 .10 .05 .00 .36 .1 .064 .04 .40 .13 .071 .06 .16 .090 .033 .016 .0 .11 .040 .019 .3 .13 .046 .03 .15 .053 .05 .011 .18 .067 .03 .014 . .080 .038 .017 .10 .050 .0 .007 .1 .058 .05 .0081 .13 .063 .07 .0091 600 .87 .35 .1 .045 .85 .8 .10 .035 .40 .15 .050 .07 .55 .1 .070 .038 .80 .30 .10 .053 .45 .15 .080 .030 .54 .18 .098 .036 .60 .0 .11 .040 .5 .13 .050 .05 .30 .16 .060 .030 .35 .19 .070 .035 . .080 .039 .016 .8 .10 .050 .00 .3 .1 .059 .05 .16 .079 .03 .011 .18 .089 .037 .013 .0 .099 .040 .014 800 1. .47 .16 .060 1.1 .36 .13 .046 .5 .0 .066 .036 .73 .8 .09 .050 1.1 .40 .13 .071 .60 .0 .11 .040 .70 .4 .13 .050 .80 .6 .15 .054 .34 .18 .069 .03 .40 .1 .080 .038 .46 .5 .094 .045 .9 .11 .050 .0 .36 .13 .064 .08 .43 .16 .078 .03 . .10 .044 .015 .5 .11 .049 .016 .8 .13 .053 .018 1000 1.5 .60 .0 .075 1.4 .45 .18 .059 .65 .5 .083 .045 .90 .35 .11 .06 1.3 .50 .17 .090 .75 .5 .13 .050 .90 .30 .16 .060 1.0 .3 .18 .067 .4 .3 .083 .038 .50 .8 .10 .047 .59 .3 .1 .056 .36 .13 .064 .07 .46 .17 .080 .035 .54 .0 .097 .040 .8 .13 .054 .018 .30 .14 .060 .00 .34 .16 .068 .03 2000 3.3 1.3 .40 .15 .8 .90 .35 .1 1.3 .50 .17 .090 1.8 .70 .3 .13 .6 1.0 .34 .18 1.5 .50 .8 .10 1.8 .60 .3 .1 .0 .65 .36 .13 .8 .45 .17 .080 1.0 .5 .0 .098 1.1 .6 .3 .11 .7 .30 .13 .055 .90 .34 .16 .070 1.0 .40 .19 .081 .5 .6 .11 .036 .60 .9 .13 .040 .68 .33 .14 .045 3000 4.5 1.8 .60 .3 4.3 1.4 .50 .17 .0 .7 .5 .13 .8 1.1 .35 .19 4.0 1.5 .50 .7 .3 .75 .40 .15 .7 .90 .49 .18 3.0 1.0 .53 .0 1.3 .67 .5 .14 1.5 .80 .30 .15 1.8 .94 .35 .17 1.1 .40 .19 .08 1.4 .50 .4 .10 1.6 .60 .9 .13 .80 .39 .17 .056 .90 .44 .19 .06 1.0 .50 .1 .070 4000 6.0 .4 .80 .30 5.6 1.9 .70 .4 .6 1.0 .33 .18 3.6 1.4 .46 .5 5. .0 .68 .35 3.0 1.0 .5 .0 3.6 1. .64 .4 4.0 1.3 .70 .7 1.6 .90 .33 .16 .0 1.1 .40 .19 .3 1.3 .46 . 1.5 .53 .5 .11 1.8 .68 .3 .13 . .80 .38 .16 1.0 .50 . .074 1. .58 .5 .081 1.3 .63 .7 .09 5000 7.5 3.0 1.0 .36 7.0 .3 .85 .9 3. 1.3 .41 .3 4.5 1.8 .60 .31 6.4 .5 .85 .45 3.8 1.3 .66 .5 4.5 1.5 .8 .30 5.0 1.6 .80 .34 .1 1.1 .4 .0 .5 1.4 .50 .4 .9 1.6 .59 .8 1.8 .68 .31 .13 .3 .83 .40 .17 .8 1.0 .49 .0 1.3 .65 .8 .091 1.5 .73 .30 .10 1.7 .80 .35 .11 6000 8.8 3.5 1. .45 8.5 .8 1.0 .34 4.0 1.5 .50 .7 5.5 .1 .70 .37 8.0 3.0 1.0 .54 4.5 1.5 .80 .30 5.4 1.8 .98 .36 6.0 .0 1.1 .40 .5 1.3 .50 .5 3.0 1.6 .60 .30 3.5 1.9 .70 .35 . .80 .39 .16 .8 1.0 .50 .0 3. 1. .59 .5 1.6 .79 .3 .11 1.8 .89 .37 .13 .0 .99 .40 .14 7000 4. 1.4 .5 9.8 3. 1. .40 4.5 1.8 .56 .3 6. .5 .80 .45 9.0 3.5 1. .6 5. 1.8 .9 .35 6.1 .1 1.1 .4 7.0 .3 1.3 .48 .9 1.6 .60 .9 3.5 1.9 .70 .35 4.0 .3 .81 .40 .5 .9 .45 .0 3. 1.1 .59 .4 3.8 1.4 .70 .8 1.9 .90 .37 .13 . 1.0 .4 .14 .4 1.1 .47 .16 8000 5.0 1.6 .60 3.7 1.3 .46 5. .0 .66 .36 7.3 .8 .9 .50 4.0 1.3 .71 6.0 .0 1.1 .40 7.0 .4 1.3 .50 8.0 .6 1.5 .54 3.4 1.8 .69 .3 4.0 .1 .80 .38 4.6 .5 .94 .45 .9 1.1 .50 . 3.6 1.3 .64 .8 4.3 1.6 .78 .3 . 1.0 .44 .15 .5 1.1 .49 .16 .8 1.3 .53 .18 9000 5.4 1.8 .67 4.1 1.6 .5 6.0 . .7 .40 8.1 3.1 1.0 .55 4.5 1.5 .81 7.0 .3 1. .45 8.0 .8 1.5 .55 9.0 3.0 1.7 .60 3.7 .0 .78 .36 4.5 .4 .90 .44 5. .8 1.1 .51 3. 1. .58 .5 4.0 1.5 .7 .31 4.9 1.8 .88 .37 .5 1.1 .50 .17 .8 1.3 .55 .18 3.1 1.5 .61 .1 10,000 6.0 .0 .73 4.6 1.8 .59 6.5 .5 .83 .45 9.0 3.5 1.1 .6 5.0 1.7 .90 7.5 .5 1.3 .50 9.0 3.0 1.6 .60 10.0 3. 1.8 .67 4. .3 .83 .38 5.0 .8 1.0 .47 5.9 3. 1. .56 3.6 1.3 .64 .7 4.6 1.7 .80 .35 5.4 .0 .97 .40 .8 1.3 .54 .18 3.0 1.4 .60 .0 3.4 1.6 .68 .3

GPM

PIPE SIZE

1
1

3 5 7 10 15 18 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 80 90 100

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4

32 (Water) .033 .013 .0038 .0010 .060 .014 .0045 .0011 .029 .0090 .0022 .0012 .055 .016 .0040 .0019 .10 .030 .0080 .0035 .064 .016 .0075 .0022 .090 .023 .011 .0031 .11 .028 .013 .0039 .042 .020 .0058 .0025 .060 .027 .0080 .0034 .080 .037 .011 .0045 .047 .013 .0056 .0020 .072 .020 .0085 .0030 .10 .029 .012 .0040 .050 .020 .0070 .0018 .063 .025 .0089 .0022 .080 .032 .011 .0028

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. Figures to right of dark line are laminar flow. Figures to left of dark line are turbulent flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.14 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION
(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 30,000 .73 .40 .15 .072 1.7 .92 .35 .17 1.3 .50 .25 .10 1.9 .70 .34 .15 2.7 1.0 .49 .20 1.5 .72 .30 .10 1.8 .88 .36 .13 2.0 .96 .41 .14 1.2 .51 .18 .032 1.4 .61 .21 .040 1.7 .72 .25 .046 2.0 .82 .28 .052 2.4 1.0 .35 .065 1.3 .41 .079 .027 1.7 .55 .10 .036 1.9 .62 .12 .040 2.1 .70 .13 .045 40,000 1.0 .53 .20 .095 2.4 1.2 .46 .22 1.8 .67 .33 .13 2.5 .93 .45 .19 3.5 1.3 .64 .27 2.0 .95 .40 .13 2.4 1.1 .50 .17 2.7 1.3 .54 .18 1.6 .70 .23 .043 1.9 .81 .28 .051 2.3 .95 .32 .060 2.5 1.1 .37 .070 3.2 1.4 .46 .086 1.6 .55 .10 .036 2.2 .74 .14 .048 2.5 .83 .15 .055 2.8 .91 .18 .060 50,000 1.3 .69 .25 .12 2.9 1.6 .57 .28 2.3 .82 .41 .17 3.1 1.1 .55 .24 4.5 1.7 .80 .35 2.5 1.2 .50 .17 3.0 1.4 .60 .20 3.4 1.6 .69 .23 2.0 .85 .28 .053 2.4 1.0 .34 .065 2.8 1.2 .40 .076 3.2 1.3 .46 .089 4.0 1.7 .60 .11 2.0 .70 .13 .045 2.8 .91 .18 .060 3.0 1.0 .20 .067 3.4 1.1 .22 .073 60,000 1.5 .80 .30 .14 3.5 1.8 .70 .34 2.7 1.0 .50 .20 3.8 1.4 .68 .29 5.4 2.0 .98 .40 3.0 1.4 .60 .21 3.7 1.7 .71 .25 4.1 1.9 .80 .28 2.4 1.0 .35 .064 2.8 1.2 .42 .078 3.4 1.4 .50 .091 3.8 1.6 .57 .10 4.8 2.0 .70 .13 2.5 .84 .15 .054 3.2 1.1 .21 .072 3.7 1.3 .23 .080 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 70,000 1.7 .92 .35 .17 4.0 2.3 .85 .40 3.2 1.2 .59 .24 4.5 1.7 .80 .34 6.3 2.4 1.1 .48 3.6 1.7 .70 .24 4.3 2.0 .85 .28 4.8 2.3 .95 .31 2.9 1.1 .40 .074 3.4 1.4 .49 .092 4.0 1.7 .55 .10 4.5 1.9 .65 .12 5.5 2.4 .81 .15 2.9 .99 .18 .063 3.8 1.3 .25 .085 4.3 1.4 .27 .095 4.7 1.6 .30 .10

FIG. 10 (Continued)

GPM

1 3 5 7 10 15 18 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 80 90 100

PIPE SIZE 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8

15,000 .37 .20 .075 .036 .88 .47 .18 .085 .66 .25 .13 .050 .92 .35 .17 .070 1.3 .40 .25 .10 .75 .36 .15 .050 .90 .44 .18 .060 1.0 .49 .20 .069 .60 .25 .085 .016 .72 .30 .10 .020 .85 .35 .12 .023 .97 .40 .14 .027 1.2 .50 .17 .033 .60 .20 .040 .014 .80 .27 .052 .018 .91 .30 .060 .020 1.0 .35 .065 .023

20,000 .50 .27 .10 .050 1.2 .60 .23 .11 .89 .33 .16 .070 1.3 .46 .23 .095 1.8 .65 .33 .14 1.0 .50 .20 .066 1.2 .59 .25 .080 1.3 .65 .28 .090 .80 .35 .11 .022 .99 .40 .13 .026 1.1 .48 .16 .030 1.3 .55 .18 .035 1.6 .70 .23 .044 .81 .27 .052 .018 1.1 .36 .070 .024 1.2 .40 .079 .027 1.4 .45 .085 .030

25,000 .62 .35 .13 .060 1.5 .80 .29 .14 1.1 .41 .21 .085 1.6 .59 .28 .12 2.3 .84 .40 .17 1.3 .60 .25 .085 1.5 .72 .30 .10 1.7 .80 .34 .11 1.0 .42 .14 .028 1.2 .50 .18 .033 1.4 .60 .20 .039 1.6 .69 .23 .045 2.0 .85 .29 .055 1.0 .35 .065 .023 1.4 .46 .090 .030 1.6 .51 .10 .034 1.7 .60 .11 .037

80,000 1.9 1.1 .40 .20 4.5 2.5 .93 .45 3.6 1.3 .66 .28 5.0 1.9 .90 .38 7.1 2.8 1.3 .55 4.1 2.0 .80 .28 4.9 2.3 .98 .32 5.4 2.6 1.1 .36 3.2 1.3 .45 .085 4.0 1.6 .55 .10 4.5 1.9 .64 .12 5.0 2.2 .73 .14 6.4 2.8 .90 .17 3.2 1.1 .20 .072 4.3 1.5 .28 .096 4.9 1.6 .31 .11 5.4 1.8 .35 .12

90,000 2.2 1.2 .46 .23 5.1 2.8 1.1 .50 4.1 1.5 .75 .30 5.5 2.1 1.0 .43 8.0 3.0 1.5 .61 4.6 2.3 .90 .31 5.4 2.6 1.1 .37 6.1 2.9 1.2 .41 3.7 1.6 .52 .095 4.5 1.8 .64 .12 5.0 2.1 .73 .13 5.8 2.5 .83 .16 7.3 3.1 1.0 .19 3.7 1.3 .24 .081 5.0 1.7 .31 .11 5.5 1.8 .36 .12 6.1 2.1 .38 .13

100,000 2.5 1.3 .50 .25 5.9 3.1 1.2 .55 4.5 1.7 .81 .34 6.1 2.4 1.1 .47 8.9 3.3 1.6 .69 5.0 2.5 1.0 .34 6.0 2.9 1.2 .41 6.8 3.2 1.3 .46 4.0 1.7 .58 .11 4.9 2.0 .70 .13 5.5 2.4 .80 .15 6.3 2.7 .90 .19 8.0 3.4 1.1 .22 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 5.4 1.8 .35 .12 6.1 2.1 .39 .13 6.9 2.3 .44 .15

150,000 3.7 2.0 .75 .36 8.8 4.7 1.8 .85 6.6 2.5 1.3 .50 9.2 3.5 1.7 .70 4.0 2.5 1.0 7.5 3.6 1.5 .50 9.0 4.4 1.8 .60 10.0 4.9 2.0 .69 6.0 2.5 .85 .16 7.2 3.0 1.0 .20 8.5 3.5 1.2 .23 9.7 4.0 1.4 .27 5.0 1.7 .33 6.0 2.0 .40 .14 8.0 2.7 .52 .18 9.1 3.0 .60 .20 10.0 3.5 .65 .23

250,000 6.2 3.5 1.3 .60 8.0 2.9 1.4 4.1 2.1 .85 5.8 2.8 1.2 8.4 4.0 1.7 5.0 2.5 .85 7.2 3.0 1.0 8.0 3.4 1.1 10.0 4.2 1.4 .28 5.0 1.8 .33 6.0 2.0 .39 6.9 2.3 .45 8.5 2.9 .55 10.0 3.5 .65 .23 4.6 .90 .30 5.1 .79 .34 6.0 1.1 .37

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. All figures on this page are laminar flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
FIG. 10 (Continued)

Section Page Issue

510 510.15 D

PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION


(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 50 .14 .060 .020 .0057 .078 .027 .0075 .0010 .085 .030 .0085 .0011 .10 .035 .0095 .0012 .12 .042 .012 .0016 .14 .052 .014 .0019 .075 .021 .0028 .00079 .10 .030 .0040 .0011 .18 .050 .0065 .0018 .060 .0080 .0022 .00075 .071 .010 .0026 .00090 .10 .014 .0036 .0012 .15 .020 .0055 .0018 .024 .0062 .0020 .00090 .035 .0093 .0030 .0013 .037 .010 .0034 .0014 100 .15 .075 .026 .0072 .10 .034 .0098 .0013 .11 .038 .011 .0013 .11 .044 .012 .0015 .15 .053 .015 .0020 .18 .064 .018 .0025 .092 .026 .0035 .0010 .13 .036 .0050 .0014 .21 .060 .0080 .0023 .073 .010 .0029 .00095 .090 .012 .0034 .0011 .12 .016 .0046 .0016 .18 .025 .0065 .0022 .027 .0080 .0026 .0011 .040 .011 .0038 .0017 .045 .012 .0043 .0018 200 .18 .078 .032 .010 .11 .038 .011 .0013 .13 .040 .013 .0013 .11 .050 .014 .0015 .18 .065 .016 .0027 .19 .075 .020 .0032 .10 .031 .0042 .0013 .15 .042 .0058 .0017 .25 .070 .0097 .0027 .088 .012 .0033 .0012 .11 .014 .0041 .0013 .14 .020 .0054 .0020 .22 .028 .0081 .0027 .032 .0095 .0032 .0014 .050 .014 .0047 .0020 .054 .015 .0047 .0022 400 .18 .078 .03 .011 .11 .038 .013 .004 .14 .040 .014 .006 .11 .050 .015 .008 .18 .071 .016 .0031 .20 .078 .00 .0035 .11 .033 .0044 .0015 .17 .044 .0060 .0018 .26 .073 .010 .007 .095 .013 .0033 .001 .12 .016 .0043 .0013 .17 .022 .0056 .0021 .27 .030 .0090 .0028 .032 .010 .0033 .0015 .057 .014 .0047 .0022 .062 .015 .0050 .0024 600 .4 .1 .050 .017 .14 .058 .00 .0037 .14 .060 .01 .0040 .15 .065 .0 .004 .18 .074 .05 .0047 .0 .081 .07 .005 .11 .035 .0066 .00 .18 .045 .0080 .007 .26 .075 .010 .0035 .098 .013 .0040 .0016 .13 .016 .0045 .0018 .20 .023 .0058 .00 .28 .031 .0095 .008 .033 .011 .0033 .0015 .065 .015 .0048 .00 .070 .016 .0051 .0025 800 .3 .15 .065 .0 .18 .076 .05 .0050 .19 .080 .07 .005 .0 .087 .030 .0055 .3 .10 .03 .0063 .5 .11 .036 .0070 .14 .045 .0088 .007 .18 .055 .010 .0033 .27 .078 .014 .0045 .10 .016 .0050 .00 .13 .018 .0055 .004 .23 .04 .0066 .009 .29 .032 .010 .0036 .033 .011 .0038 .0019 .072 .015 .0049 .004 .078 .016 .0051 .005 1000 .40 .19 .080 .08 .3 .095 .031 .0060 .4 .10 .035 .0065 .5 .11 .037 .0070 .9 .1 .041 .0080 .3 .13 .045 .0089 .17 .058 .011 .0037 .0 .070 .013 .0045 .8 .090 .017 .0060 .10 .00 .0066 .008 .13 .0 .0063 .0030 .25 .06 .0090 .0036 .30 .03 .011 .0045 .035 .01 .0050 .004 .079 .015 .0060 .0030 .085 .016 .0064 .0031 2000 .80 .40 .16 .054 .45 .19 .063 .01 .50 .0 .078 .013 .50 . .071 .014 .58 .5 .081 .016 .63 .7 .090 .018 .35 .11 .0 .0075 .40 .14 .06 .0090 .56 .18 .035 .01 .0 .040 .013 .0055 .3 .044 .015 .0060 .8 .051 .018 .007 .34 .064 .03 .0090 .070 .04 .0098 .0047 .086 .030 .01 .0060 .090 .031 .013 .006 3000 1.1 .60 .5 .083 .68 .9 .10 .018 .70 .30 .10 .00 .75 .33 .11 .01 .87 .37 .13 .03 .96 .4 .14 .06 .50 .18 .033 .011 .60 .1 .040 .013 .84 .8 .051 .018 .30 .060 .00 .008 .35 .065 .03 .0090 .4 .079 .08 .011 .51 .10 .034 .014 .10 .036 .015 .0070 .13 .045 .018 .0090 .13 .047 .00 .0093 4000 1.5 .77 .3 .11 .90 .38 .13 .04 .95 .40 .14 .06 1.0 .44 .15 .08 1.1 .50 .17 .031 1.3 .55 .18 .035 .68 .3 .044 .015 .80 .8 .05 .018 1.1 .37 .070 .04 .40 .080 .07 .011 .46 .086 .030 .01 .55 .10 .036 .015 .70 .1 .045 .018 .13 .048 .00 .0095 .17 .060 .04 .01 .18 .063 .06 .013 5000 .0 .99 .40 .14 1.1 .46 .16 .030 1. .50 .17 .03 1.3 .55 .18 .035 1.5 .6 .1 .040 1.6 .70 .3 .045 .84 .9 .055 .019 1.0 .35 .065 .03 1.4 .46 .089 .030 .50 .10 .034 .014 .57 .10 .037 .015 .70 .13 .045 .018 .88 .16 .055 .0 .17 .060 .05 .01 .1 .075 .030 .015 .3 .080 .03 .016 6000 .4 1. .50 .17 1.3 .58 .0 .037 1.4 .60 .1 .040 1.5 .65 . .041 1.8 .74 .5 .047 1.9 .81 .8 .05 1.0 .35 .066 .03 1. .4 .080 .07 1.7 .55 .10 .035 .60 .1 .040 .016 .70 .13 .045 .018 .8 .16 .054 .0 1.1 .0 .066 .07 .1 .07 .09 .014 .6 .090 .036 .018 .8 .094 .039 .019 7000 .9 1.3 .56 .19 1.6 .66 .3 .04 1.6 .70 .4 .047 1.8 .76 .6 .049 .0 .85 .30 .055 . .95 .3 .060 1. .40 .077 .08 1.4 .48 .090 .031 1.8 .64 .1 .041 .70 .14 .046 .019 .80 .15 .051 .01 .93 .18 .061 .05 1. . .080 .03 .5 .084 .034 .017 .30 .10 .04 .01 .31 .10 .045 .0 8000 3. 1.5 .65 . 1.8 .76 .5 .050 1.9 .80 .7 .05 .0 .87 .30 .055 .3 1.0 .3 .063 .5 1.1 .36 .070 1.4 .45 .088 .030 1.6 .55 .10 .035 .1 .7 .14 .047 .80 .16 .053 .0 .90 .18 .060 .05 1.0 .1 .071 .09 1.3 .5 .090 .036 .8 .096 .040 .019 .35 .11 .048 .04 .36 .1 .051 .06 9000 3.7 1.8 .7 .4 .0 .85 .9 .055 . .90 .3 .058 .3 .98 .33 .064 .6 1.1 .37 .070 .8 1. .41 .079 1.5 .5 .099 .034 1.8 .6 .11 .040 .4 .8 .16 .053 .90 .18 .060 .05 1.0 .0 .066 .07 1. .3 .081 .033 1.5 .9 .10 .041 .31 .10 .045 .0 .39 .1 .055 .07 .40 .13 .060 .09 10,000 4.0 1.9 .80 .8 .3 .95 .3 .060 .4 1.0 .35 .065 .5 1.1 .37 .070 .9 1. .41 .080 3. 1.3 .45 .089 1.7 .58 .11 .037 .0 .70 .13 .045 .8 .90 .17 .060 1.0 .0 .068 .08 1.1 . .075 .030 1.4 .6 .090 .036 1.8 .3 .11 .045 .35 .1 .050 .04 .45 .15 .060 .030 .46 .16 .065 .03

GPM

120 140 150 160 180 200 250 300 400 450 500 600 750 800 1000 1050

PIPE SIZE 2 2 3 4 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12

32 (Water) .11 .045 .015 .0040 .060 .020 .0054 .00067 .065 .022 .0060 .00075 .0077 .025 .0070 .00086 .10 .032 .0084 .0011 .12 .040 .010 .0013 .060 .016 .0020 .00051 .085 .022 .0028 .00070 .15 .040 .0047 .0012 .048 .0060 .0016 .00052 .060 .0074 .0018 .00061 .085 .010 .0026 .00086 .13 .015 .0040 .0013 .018 .0046 .0014 .00060 .028 .0070 .0022 .0095 .030 .0080 .0025 .0010

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. Figures to right of dark line are laminar flow. Figures to left of dark line are turbulent flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.16 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION
(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 30,000 2.5 .84 .15 .055 2.9 .99 .18 .063 3.1 1.0 .19 .066 1.1 .21 .072 .030 1.3 .23 .080 .033 1.4 .26 .090 .036 1.8 .32 .11 .046 2.1 .40 .13 .055 2.8 .51 .18 .073 3.1 .60 .20 .082 3.5 .66 .23 .091 4.2 .80 .27 .11 1.0 .34 .14 .066 1.0 .36 .15 .070 1.3 .45 .18 .090 1.3 .47 .20 .095 40,000 3.2 1.1 .21 .072 3.8 1.3 .25 .085 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 1.5 .28 .096 .039 1.7 .31 .11 .044 1.9 .35 .12 .048 2.3 .44 .15 .060 2.8 .51 .18 .062 3.7 .70 .24 .096 4.2 .80 .28 .11 4.6 .87 .30 .12 5.5 1.0 .36 .15 1.3 .45 .18 .090 1.4 .48 .19 .096 1.7 .60 .25 .12 1.8 .62 .26 .13 50,000 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 4.7 1.6 .30 .10 5.1 1.7 .32 .11 1.8 .35 .12 .049 2.1 .40 .13 .055 2.3 .45 .15 .060 2.8 .55 .18 .075 3.5 .65 .22 .090 4.6 .88 .30 .12 5.0 1.0 .34 .14 5.7 1.0 .37 .15 6.9 1.3 .45 .18 1.6 .55 .23 .11 1.6 .60 .25 .12 2.2 .74 .30 .15 2.3 .80 .32 .16 60,000 4.9 1.7 .31 .11 5.8 2.0 .36 .13 6.1 2.1 .38 .13 2.3 .41 .14 .058 2.5 .47 .16 .066 2.8 .51 .18 .071 3.5 .64 .22 .090 4.2 .78 .27 .11 5.5 1.0 .36 .15 6.0 1.2 .40 .16 7.0 1.3 .45 .18 8.3 1.5 .54 .22 2.0 .65 .27 .14 2.1 .71 .29 .15 2.6 .90 .36 .18 2.7 .94 .39 .19 70,000 5.8 2.0 .36 .13 6.8 2.3 .42 .15 7.1 2.4 .46 .16 2.6 .48 .17 .070 2.9 .55 .19 .077 3.2 .60 .21 .085 4.0 .75 .26 .10 4.7 .90 .31 .13 6.4 1.2 .41 .17 7.0 1.4 .46 .19 8.0 1.5 .51 .21 9.5 1.8 .63 .25 2.3 .79 .32 .16 2.3 .84 .34 .17 3.0 1.0 .42 .21 3.1 1.0 .45 .22

FIG. 10 (Continued)

GPM

120 140 150 160 180 200 250 300 400 450 500 600 750 800 1000 1050

PIPE SIZE 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12

15,000 1.2 .40 .080 .023 1.4 .47 .091 .031 1.5 .51 .099 .033 .55 .10 .036 .015 .61 .12 .040 .017 .70 .13 .045 .018 .85 .17 .056 .023 1.0 .20 .068 .028 1.4 .26 .090 .037 1.5 .30 .10 .042 1.7 .33 .11 .046 2.0 .40 .13 .055 .50 .17 .070 .032 .52 .18 .072 .035 .65 .23 .091 .045 .70 .24 .098 .047

20,000 1.6 .53 .10 .035 1.9 .62 .12 .042 2.0 .68 .13 .045 .71 .14 .048 .020 .80 .16 .052 .022 .90 .18 .060 .025 1.1 .22 .074 .030 1.3 .26 .090 .036 1.8 .35 .12 .048 2.0 .40 .14 .055 2.3 .44 .15 .060 2.8 .51 .18 .072 .65 .22 .090 .043 .70 .24 .096 .046 .86 .30 .12 .059 .90 .31 .13 .061

25,000 2.0 .70 .13 .045 2.4 .81 .15 .052 2.5 .88 .16 .055 .92 .18 .060 .025 1.0 .20 .068 .027 1.2 .22 .075 .030 1.5 .28 .092 .038 1.8 .33 .11 .045 2.3 .45 .15 .060 2.6 .50 .17 .070 2.9 .55 .19 .075 3.5 .65 .23 .090 .82 .28 .11 .055 .89 .30 .12 .060 1.1 .37 .15 .075 1.1 .40 .16 .080

80,000 2.5 2.2 .41 .14 7.6 2.5 .48 .17 8.1 2.7 .51 .18 3.0 .55 .19 .079 3.2 .61 .21 .088 3.6 .70 .24 .098 4.5 .86 .30 .12 5.4 1.0 .35 .15 7.3 1.4 .47 .19 8.0 1.6 .54 .22 9.0 1.8 .60 .25 2.1 .72 .29 2.5 .90 .37 .18 2.7 .95 .40 .18 3.5 1.1 .49 .24 3.6 1.2 .51 .25

90,000 7.5 2.5 .47 .16 8.5 2.8 .55 .19 9.1 3.2 .57 .21 3.4 .62 .21 .090 3.7 .70 .24 .099 4.2 .78 .28 .11 5.2 1.0 .34 .14 6.2 1.2 .40 .17 8.2 1.6 .54 .22 9.0 1.8 .61 .25 10.0 2.0 .66 .28 2.4 .81 .32 2.9 .98 .41 .20 3.1 1.0 .45 .21 3.9 1.3 .55 .27 4.1 1.3 .59 .29

100,000 8.0 2.8 .52 .18 9.5 3.2 .60 .21 3.5 .65 .23 3.6 .70 .24 .099 4.1 .79 .28 .11 4.5 .85 .30 .12 5.8 1.1 .37 .15 7.0 1.3 .45 .18 9.1 1.8 .60 .25 10.0 2.0 .68 .28 2.2 .74 .30 2.6 .90 .37 3.2 1.1 .46 .23 3.5 1.2 .50 .25 4.5 1.5 .61 .30 4.7 1.5 .65 .31

150,000 4.0 .80 .23 4.7 .81 .31 5.1 .99 .33 5.5 1.0 .36 .15 6.1 1.2 .40 .17 7.0 1.3 .45 .18 8.5 1.7 .56 .23 10.0 2.0 .68 .28 2.6 .90 .37 3.0 1.0 .42 3.3 1.1 .46 4.0 1.3 .55 5.0 1.7 .70 .32 5.2 1.8 .72 .35 6.5 2.3 .91 .45 7.0 2.4 .98 .47

250,000 7.0 1.3 .45 8.1 1.5 .52 8.8 1.6 .55 9.2 1.8 .60 .25 10.0 2.0 .68 .27 2.2 .75 .30 2.8 .92 .38 3.3 1.1 .45 4.5 1.5 .60 5.0 1.7 .70 5.5 1.9 .75 6.5 2.3 .90 8.2 2.8 1.1 .55 8.9 3.0 1.2 .60 3.7 1.5 .75 4.0 1.6 .80

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. Figures to right of dark line are laminar flow. Figures to left of dark line are turbulent flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
for turbulent flow (H). If the maximum allowable PSI loss per foot of discharge pipe for turbulent flow (H)

Section Page Issue

510 510.17 D

PSI loss per foot of discharge pipe for turbulent flow (H) is less than the value in Figure 10, select the pipe

is greater than the value given in Figure 10, the proper size pipe has been selected. If the maximum allowable size for which the value given in Figure 10 is less than (H). Example: In step 4 a heavy duty pump was tentatively selected. This pump has a maximum allowable total dynamic head of 200 PSI for viscous liquids. The static discharge head, in PSI, equals 45 x 1.36 or 26.4 PSI. The maxi2.31 mum total discharge head equals total dynamic head less the total suction lift, 200 PSI 6.03 PSI or 193.97 PSI. The maximum allowable PSI discharge line friction loss is then 193.7 26.4 or 167.57 PSI. Assuming the discharge pipe size to be the same as the pump port size (2 inch for K pumps), for a first trial, and referring to figure 10, a flow of 40 GPM and 3,000 SSU is found to be laminar and no losses need to be considered for valves and fittings. The allowable PSI friction head (E) divided by the total length of discharge pipe is equal to 167.57 or 1.3 PSI per foot of discharge pipe (F). 128 Again referring to figure 10, we find that the pressure per foot of 2 inch pipe is .544 PSI (.4 times the specific gravity, 1.36 equals .544 PSI per foot). Since this value is substantially below the 1.3 PSI loss per foot allowable, consideration may be given to more economical 1 inch pipe with a PSI friction loss per foot of 1.49 (1.1 times specific gravity 1.36 equals 1.49 PSI per foot). Since this value of pressure drop per foot of pipe is higher than the allowable 1.3 PSI, selection of 2 inch pipe for the discharge line appears to be proper. The total discharge head for 2 inch pipe is equal to the static discharge head plus the friction head or: Static discharge head ...................................26.4 PSI Friction head (.544 PSI per foot x 128 feet) ...69.5 PSI Total discharge head ....................................95.9 PSI Note here that if a general purpose pump had been selected in step 4 instead of a heavy-duty, the total dynamic head, which equals the total discharge head plus the total suction lift or 95.9 + 6.03 = 101.93 PSI, would have slightly exceeded the maximum allowable total head for general purpose pumps. NOTE: for a 2 inch discharge line, the total discharge head would equal 128 x .19 x 1.36 + 26.4 or 59.4 PSI and the total dynamic head would have been 59.4 + 6.03 PSI or 65.43 PSI. Selection of the more expensive 2 inch discharge line would permit consideration of a more economical general purpose pump and perhaps the use of a drive with less horsepower resulting from the reduced total dynamic head. The use of a 2 inch discharge line

would require a 2 x 2 increaser in the pump discharge port. Horsepower requirements will be discussed in step 7.

STEP 7
Determine the Horsepower* Required To determine brake horsepower (Pin) required by a pump per the formula on Page 510.5, it is necessary to know the capacity in GPM, the total dynamic head in PSI and the pump efficiency. The capacity and head or differential pressure are determined by the application. The pump or mechanical efficiency cannot be calculated until after the brake horsepower has been determined by laboratory tests. Since it is necessary to test a pump before the mechanical efficiency can be determined, it is more logical to present the actual horsepower data in the form of performance curves rather than to provide mechanical efficiency values which then require additional calculations. Viking catalogs a series of performance curves based on extensive tests of all pump models. These curves plot brake horsepower and pump capacity against pump speed at several pressures and for up to 8 different viscosities ranging from 38 SSU (No. 2 Fuel Oil) through 250,000 SSU. Horsepower for viscosities between those shown on the performance curves can be taken from the nearest higher viscosity curve or can be determined by averaging the values from the curves with viscosities immediately above and below that of the application. The performance curves are printed on buffcolored paper and are grouped in back of the individual General Catalog sections. For those occasions when it is desirable to calculate the mechanical efficiency of a pump for a specific application, use the following formula which appears on many of the General Catalog performance curve pages: (Diff. Press., PSI)(Cap., GPM)(100) M.E. in % = (Horsepower, BHP)(1715) There are times when it is convenient to be able to quickly arrive at a ballpark figure for horsepower. For an application involving viscosities in the range of 100 to 2500 SSU and pressures above 50 PSI, this can be done by multiplying the differential pressure in PSI by the capacity in GPM and dividing by 1000. It can be seen by looking at the formula on Page 510.5 that if an efficiency of approximately 58% is used, the value below the line comes out to be 1000 (1715 x 0.58). This formula for estimating horsepower is strictly a convenience for use on a limited number of applications; for exact values it is necessary to refer to the General Catalog performance curves. For some applications it is desirable to be able to determine the torque** requirements of the pump; this is
* See definitions on Page 510.5. ** Torque is a turning or twisting force; applying a 10 pound force perpendicular to the end of a 12 inch long crank or wrench results in a torque or twisting force of 120 inch

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.18 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
PERFORMANCE CURVE FOR A MODEL K14 VIKING PUMP HANDLING 500 SSU LIQUID
MOTOR SIZES

particularly true when selecting variable speed drive equipment. With the pump speed and horsepower known, torque in inch pounds can be determined from HP x 63,000 the formula: T (#s) = RPM To illustrate, a 1 horsepower motor operating at 1750 RPM delivers a torque of 36 inch pounds 1 x 63,000 1750 With constant pressure and viscosity, the torque requirements of a Viking pump increase only slightly with speed. An important consideration to keep in mind when figuring horsepower is the fact that almost all Viking pumps are cataloged complete with a safety relief valve. Viking safety relief valves, be they internal, returnto-tank or in-line, are to be used only for protection against excessive pressure buildup caused by a closed discharge line or from unexpectedly high viscosity. The Viking safety relief valve is strictly a safety device which relieves excess pressure and thus prevents damage to the pump, the piping system, the drive equipment or the motor. The safety relief valve should not be used as a pressure or flow control device. The Viking safety relief valve is of the adjustable spring-loaded poppet type. The pump builds up pressure under the poppet until it starts to lift from the valve seat (this is the cracking point or pressure at which there is first flow through the valve). As the pressure buildup continues, the poppet lifts further from the seat until all of the liquid is flowing or bypassing through the valve no liquid is going into the discharge line. This pressure in Viking terminology - is the safety relief valve setting; more frequently referred to as the valve setting. The pressure spread between the cracking point and the complete bypass pressure or valve setting is a function of the setting, of the flow through the valve and of the liquid viscosity.* The safety relief valve is not expected to function during normal operation of the pump. Therefore, it is generally not necessary to consider the valve setting pressure when making horsepower determinations. The additional horsepower required to develop the pressure to open the safety relief valve since it is required very infrequently and only for very short periods of time can normally be provided by the drive furnished with the pump. If there are extenuating circumstances, such as frequent safety relief valve operation, an unusually viscous liquid, a very low operating pressure, a valve being used at the upper end of its capacity range or specs that spell out that the motor should not be overloaded at the relief valve setting, then, of course, they should be taken into account when determining horsepower. Example: A liquid viscosity of 3,000 SSU at the lowest pumping temperature was given as part of the application information with the problem (also see Step 2); the pump

HORSEPOWER INPUT BHP

15

15

10 1 72 5 3 1

10 150 PSI 5 4.6 HP AT 100 PSI 100 PSI 50 PSI

3.5 HP AT 65 PSI

60 50 PSI 50 150 PSI

CAPACITY U.S. GPM

42 40

30

20

10

VISC: 2500

SSU

BASED ON 15 IN.-HG.
0 VIKING DRIVE SPEEDS 100 84 125 200 190 230 300 280 350 400 420 500 520 600

K124

PUMP SPEED RPM

FIG. 1

size (K) was determined in Step 3; the total dynamic head of 101.93 (102) PSI was determined in Step 6 and to provide the best possible service life consider the 124 heavy-duty series pump. With this information in hand, the horsepower required can be determined from Figure 12 or from performance curve #110-20 in the General Catalog for the K124 pump handling 2500 SSU liquid. Since the 3,000 SSU is a maximum figure and not the normal operating viscosity and since the actual horsepower difference between a pump handling 3,000 SSU and 2500 SSU is very slight, there is no hesitation in using the performance data based on 2500 SSU. If there was a possibility that the viscosity could go significantly higher or if the normal viscosity was 3,000 SSU, then the conservative approach would be to use the horsepower from the performance curve for 7500 SSU. The 2500 SSU curve, see Figure 12, shows that the K124 operating at a pump speed of 420 RPM* will deliver about 42 GPM and at 100 PSI discharge** will require approximately 4.6 brake horsepower. A 5 HP motor would be used. The mechanical efficiency of thepump
* The 420 RPM speed was selected since this is the nearest AGMA gear head motor speed that will give at least 40 GPM. Viking reducer and V-belt drives have been standardized on the AGMA speeds. ** All performance curves in the General Catalog are based on an indicated vacuum in inches of mercury. The pressure lines shown on the curves are for discharge port gage readings. The actual total dynamic head or differential across the pump is the sum of the vacuum and discharge pressure. For the curve in Figure 12, the vacuum (15 Hg) can be expressed as 7.35 PSIG. This, when combined with the 100 PSI, gives a total dynamic head across the pump of 107.35 (107) PSI. This is greater than the 102 PSI in the example and is thus conservative; therefore, it is logical to use the 100 PSI pressure line to determine the horsepower.

* For more information on relief valves, ask for ESB-31

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
would be determined as follows using the formula discussed earlier: PSI (102) x GPM (42) x 100 M.E. % = BHP (4.6) x 1715 M.E. = 54% In Step 6 when a 2 diameter discharge line was considered instead of a 2 line, the total dynamic head was determined to be 65.43 (65) PSI. From Figure 12 the horsepower is shown to be 3.5; a 5 HP motor would still be required. From the above discussion it can be seen that the use of larger pipe, while involving a greater initial expense, would require considerably less electrical energy over the operating life of the pump. Also, since the pump would be operating at a lower total dynamic head or differential pressure, it would have a longer service life with less maintenance. Another consideration, which is well to keep in mind, is that with the larger pipe it would be relatively easy to increase the flow rate or to increase the viscosity of the liquid pumped without extensive changes to the system. In summary, the use of generously-sized suction and discharge lines is highly recommended as a means of lowering the overall cost per gallon of liquid pumped.

Section Page Issue

510 510.19 D

selection of materials with low corrosion rates will normally result in high first cost and low maintenance cost. In addition, the contamination of the customers product or process when using materials with rapid corrosion rates may be objectionable and may dictate the use of materials with lower rates of corrosion. When new liquids are encountered, the materials presently used in handling or storing the liquid may be a guide to the proper materials of pump construction. Corrosion tests on possible materials of construction can be made for any liquid in the Viking chemical laboratory but these tests are very expensive and due to liquid aeration etc., the tests are not entirely conclusive. However, without any previous knowledge of proper materials of construction, these facilities should then be utilized. A minimum of one pint of liquid is required for a corrosion test. Many liquids that are pumped or can be pumped are not listed. When not familiar with a liquid, the selection of the proper materials of construction should be a factory choice since a vast amount of proper material data has been collected over a period of years of successful pump operation.
Example: a pump of Standard Construction should be considered for this application.

STEP 8
Select the Materials of Construction A choice of the proper materials of construction of a pump for handling a specific liquid is important and often quite complicated. In the selection of materials of construction, factors that must be considered, other than consideration of the liquid itself, are temperature, contamination, concentration of the liquid, etc. Each of these variables may play a vital role in a choice of materials of construction. Section 520 of the Viking catalog includes a comprehensive listing of a wide variety of liquids that are handled by Viking pumps, including information about the liquids, recommendations about material of construction selection as well as pump types and special pump features that have been found desirable for the specific liquid. In addition, the catalog contains information about materials of construction and features that are available on specific pump models or pump model series. You are directed to these sources for answers to questions you may have regarding selection of pump materials of construction. Recommendations given in Section 520 are to be appraised as general since the variables mentioned above may alter the choice of materials. All of the recommendations, however, have been successfully used in actual installations. The final choice is usually left up to the customer since selection of materials with the most rapid corrosion rate will normally result in low first cost and high maintenance cost or eventual pump replacement. Conversely,

STEP 9
Consider the Temperature of the Liquid Pumped Although rotary pumps can successfully handle liquids up to viscosities of 2,000,000 SSU, the liquids are often heated prior to pumping for reasons such as 1) higher allowable speeds for greater capacities 2) desirability of a specific temperature of liquid in a heat transfer process and 3) lower power requirements. Conversely, pumps are often required to handle low temperature liquids, particularly in refrigeration or air conditioning equipment. In either case, special consideration must be given to pump construction at extreme temperature conditions. Extreme sub-zero temperatures cause reduction of strength and brittleness in some metals. For these reasons, the factory should always be consulted on all low temperature installations. Temperature ranges within which standard pumps with no modifications may be used are listed throughout the Viking catalog in specification charts. These temperature ranges may vary with the size and pump model. Temperatures in excess of those listed in specification charts require varying amounts of extra clearances applied to the internal parts of the pump to avoid scoring, galling, and other mechanical failures. For temperatures above 300F. special gaskets and packing materials are required. Bronze bushings with proper operating clearances are suitable for operation up to 450F.
2007

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

Section Page Issue

510 510.0 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
2. Direct Connected coupled to standard electric motor, gear head motor, variable speed motor or other driven (type D drive). 3. Viking Reducer Drive coupled to standard electric motor with a Viking helical gear speed reducer (type R drive). 4. Commercial Reducer Drive coupled to driver by means of a Commercial speed reducer (Type P drive). 5. V-Belt Drive connected to driver by V-Belt(s) and sheaves (type V drive). 6. Motor Mounted coupled and mounted directly to flanged faced electric motor (type M drive). 7. Bracket Drive pump mounted on bracket type sub-base complete with outboard shaft bearing. (Type B drive) This type of drive unit may be used to build direct or V-Belt units on small general purpose pump units.

Carbon graphite bushings are recommended for use with high temperature, low viscosity liquids such as heat transfer oils. Because of the low expansion rate of the carbon graphite, there is an operating temperature above which it is necessary to use special interference fits at assembly. This temperature varies depending on pump size. See Engineering Service Bulletin ESB-3 for specifics. Special idler pin materials are recommended for operation above 450F. Viking Cast Iron parts have been found satisfactory for operation up to 650F. For operation above 650F. or when required by various safety codes and specifications, Viking pumps are available with steel externals to resist thermal shock or comply with such codes or specifications. Steel relief valve springs are considered suitable for operation up to 350F. For temperatures above 350F. stainless steel or other special spring materials are recommended. The heating or cooling of liquids that are being pumped is often accomplished by circulating steam or hot or cold liquids through external jackets provided as standard features or options on many Viking pumps. Consult the specific section of the general catalog for further information regarding the availability of jacketing features on the pump you are interested in using. Provisions can be made for the operation of mechanical seals at temperatures in excess of those listed in the catalog specification charts. This may involve special materials, different seal configurations, different seal locations on the pump or special provisions for cooling the seal to an acceptable operating temperature. For additional discussion on Temperature considerations, see Application Data Sheet AD-5. Example: Since the operating temperature is below 200F., no special consideration need to given to temperature.

Example: The K125 Heavy-Duty pump should be mounted with a drive arrangement that will give a shaft speed of 420 RPM and that can transmit 5 horsepower. Of the several drive arrangements listed above that could be used with this unit D, R, P and V the Viking Reducer or R type is the most popular and would be the first choice for the example. The model number of the unit would be K125R.

STEP 10
Select the Mounting and Drive Arrangement When a pump is to become a component part of another piece of equipment, the unmounted pump is usually the selection made. Adaptation to an existing drive, desirability of quietness of operation, operation without undue maintenance and speed desired are but a few of the factors that may enter into the choice of a mounting arrangement. The drive arrangements available with Viking pumps are listed below. 1. Unmounted Pump Refer to pump model number only.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


USEFUL ENGINEERING INFORMATION

Section Page Issue

510 510.1 D

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510. D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


USEFUL ENGINEERING INFORMATION
200,000 100,000

VISCOSITY - TEMPERATURE CHART


SUGAR AND CORN SYRUPS

E M AU E B M 45 AU E B M 44 AU E B M 43 AU B

50,000

42

20,000

AU B 41

76

X RI B 72

E M

VISCOSITY SSU

10,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,500 SUGAR SYRUPS 1,000 750 500 400 0 10 20 30 40

X RI B

CONVERSION FACTORS
Multiply By To Obtain Multiply By To Obtain Atmospheres ............................... 14.7 ............................. PSI Atmospheres ............................... 33.9 ............................. Feet of Water Atmospheres ............................... 29.9 ............................. Inches of Mercury Bar ................................................. 1.0197 ....................... Kilograms / Sq. Centimeter Bar ............................................... 14.5038 ....................... PSI Barrels (Oil) ................................. 42.0 ............................. U.S. Gallons Barrels (Oil) ................................. 35.0 ............................. Imperial Gallons Centimeters ................................... 0.39 ........................... Inches Centipoises .................................... 0.01 ........................... Poises Centistokes .................................... 0.01 ........................... Stokes Cubic Centimeters ......................... 1.0 ............................. Milliliters Cubic Centimeters ......................... 0.061 ......................... Cubic Inches Cubic Centimeters ......................... 0.000264 ................... U.S. Gallons Cubic Centimeters ......................... 0.000218 ................... Imperial Gallons Cubic Feet ..................................... 7.48 ........................... U.S. Gallons Cubic Feet ..................................... 6.23 ........................... Imperial Gallons Cubic Feet ............................... 1728 ................................ Cubic Inches Cubic Feet ................................... 28.32 ........................... Liters Cubic Feet Water......................... 62.4 ............................. Pounds Cubic Feet Water....................... 998.8 ............................. Ounces Cubic Inches .................................. 0.00433 ..................... U.S. Gallons Cubic Inches .................................. 0.00364 ..................... Imperial Gallons Cubic Inches ................................ 16.39 ........................... Cubic Centimeters Cubic Inches .................................. 0.00058 ..................... Cubic Feet Cubic Inches .................................. 0.0164 ....................... Liters Cubic Meters ............................. 264 ................................ U.S. Gallons Cubic Meters ............................. 220 ................................ Imperial Gallons Cubic Meters ............................... 35.3 ............................. Cubic Feet Cubic Meters ................................. 1.308 ......................... Cubic Yards Cubic Yards ................................. 27 ................................ Cubic Feet Cubic Yards ................................... 0.765 ......................... Cubic Meters Drams (Fluid) ................................. 3.7 ............................. Milliliters Feet ............................................. 30.48 ........................... Centimeters Feet of Water ................................. 0.0295 ....................... Atmospheres Feet of Water ................................. 0.433 ......................... PSI Feet of Water ................................. 0.883 ......................... Inches of Mercury Foot Pounds .................................. 5.05 x 10................. Horsepower Hours To Obtain By Divide Foot Pounds / Minute ..............................3.03 x 10 ........ Horsepower Gallons (U.S.) ......................................231........................ Cubic Inches Gallons (U.S.) ..........................................0.833................. Imperial Gallons Gallons (U.S.) ......................................128........................ Ounces (Fluid) Gallons (U.S.) ..........................................3.785................. Liters Gallons (U.S.) ..........................................0.0038............... Cubic Meters Gallons (Imperial) ................................277.3..................... Cubic Inches Gallons (Imperial) ....................................1.2..................... U.S. Gallons Gallons (Imperial) ................................154........................ Ounces (Fluid) Gallons (Imperial) ....................................4.546................. Liters Gallons (Imperial) ....................................0.0045............... Cubic Meters U.S. Gallons of Water ..............................8.33................... Pounds of Water Imperial Gallons of Water ......................10.02................... Pounds of Water Horsepower ...................................... 33000 ...................... Foot Pounds / Minute Horsepower .........................................746........................ Watts Inches ......................................................2.54................... Centimeters Inches of Mercury ....................................1.133................. Feet of Water Inches of Mercury ....................................0.49................... PSI Inches of Mercury ....................................0.0334............... Atmospheres Inches of Water .......................................0.074................. Inches of Mercury Inches of Water .......................................0.036................. PSI Kilograms / Sq. Centimeter......................0.9807............... Bar Kilograms / Sq. Centimeter....................14.23................... PSI Kilowatts ..................................................1.341................. Horsepower Liters ..................................................1000........................ Cubic Centimeters Liters ........................................................0.264................. U.S. Gallons Liters ........................................................0.220................. Imperial Gallons Liters ......................................................33.8..................... Ounces (Fluid) Meters....................................................39.37................... Inches Milliliters ...................................................0.06................... Cubic Inches Ounces (Fluid) .........................................1.805................. Cubic Inches Pounds of Water ......................................0.12................... U.S. Gallons of Water Pounds of Water ......................................0.10................... Imperial Gallons of Water PSI ...........................................................2.31................... Feet of Water PSI ...........................................................2.04................... Inches of Mercury PSI ...........................................................0.068................. Atmospheres PSI ...........................................................0.06895............. Bar To Obtain By Divide

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

X RI B 68

CORN SYRUPS

50

60

70

80

90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160

TEMPERATURE DEGREES F.

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


USEFUL ENGINEERING INFORMATION
COMPARATIVE EQUIVALENTS OF LIQUID MEASURES AND WEIGHTS
MEASURES AND WEIGHTS FOR COMPARISON
U.S. GALLON IMPERIAL GALLON CUBIC INCH CUBIC FOOT CUBIC METER LITER POUNDS OF WATER

Section Page Issue

510 510.3 D

MEASURE AND WEIGHT EQUIVALENTS OF ITEMS IN FIRST COLUMN U.S. GALLON


1. 1.20 .0043 7.48 264.17 .26417 .12

Frequently Used Material Of Construction


POUNDS OF WATER
8.33 10. .0358 62.355 2200.54 2.2005 1. 300 Series Stainless Bronze and/or Iron All Bronze
pH pH

pH Ratings
14.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0

IMPERIAL GALLON
.833 1. .00358 6.235 220.05 .2200 .1

CUBIC INCH
231. 277.27 1. 1728. 61023. 61.023 27.72

CUBIC FOOT
.1337 .1604 .00057 1. 35.319 .0353 .016

CUBIC METER
.00378 .00454 .000016 .02827 1. .001 .00045

LITER
3.785 4.542 .0163 28.312 1000. 1. .454

300 Series Stainless All Iron

INCREASING ALKALINITY NEUTRAL

INCREASING ACIDITY

THE NUMBER OF GALLONS IN ROUND VERTICAL TANKS


Depth of Liquid in Feet 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 DIAMETER IN FEET OF ROUND TANKS OR CISTERNS 5 725 870 1015 1160 1305 1450 1595 1740 1885 2030 2175 2320 2465 2610 2755 2900 6 1060 1270 1480 1690 1900 2110 2320 2530 2740 2950 3160 3370 3580 3790 4000 4210 7 1440 1728 2016 2304 2592 2880 3168 3456 3744 4032 4320 4608 4896 5184 5472 5760 8 1875 2250 2625 3000 3375 3750 4125 4500 4875 5250 5625 6000 6375 6750 7125 7500 9 2308 2855 3330 3805 4280 4755 5230 5705 6180 6655 7130 7605 8080 8535 9010 9490 10 2925 3510 4095 4680 5265 5850 6435 7020 7605 8190 8775 9360 9945 10530 11115 11700 11 3550 4260 4970 5680 6390 7100 7810 8520 9230 9940 10650 11360 12070 12780 13490 14200 12 4237 5084 5931 6778 7625 8472 9319 10166 11013 11860 12707 13554 14401 15248 16095 16942 13 4960 5952 6944 7936 8928 9920 10912 11904 12896 13888 14880 15872 16864 17856 18848 19840 14 5765 6918 8071 9224 10377 11530 12683 13836 14989 16142 17295 18448 19601 20754 21907 23060 15 6698 8038 9378 10718 12058 13398 14738 16078 17418 18758 20098 21438 22778 24118 25458 26798 16 7520 9024 10528 12032 13536 15040 16544 18048 19552 21056 22260 24064 25568 27072 28576 30080 18 9516 11419 13322 15225 17128 19031 20934 22837 24740 26643 28546 30449 32352 34255 36158 38062 20 11750 14100 16450 18800 21150 23500 25850 28200 30550 32900 35250 37600 39950 42300 44650 47000 22 14215 17059 19902 22745 25588 28431 31274 34117 36960 39803 42646 45489 48332 51175 54018 56861 24 16918 20302 23680 27070 30454 33838 37222 40606 43990 47374 50758 54142 57520 60910 64294 67678 25 18358 22030 25701 29372 33043 36714 40385 44056 47727 51398 55069 58740 62411 66082 69753 73424

LOSS IN PSI PRESSURE PER 100 FEET OF SMOOTH BORE RUBBER HOSE
Data is for liquid having viscosity of 38 SSU
U.S. GPM 1 2 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 125 150 175 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 1000 ACTUAL INSIDE DIAMETER IN INCHES

2.8 7.6 28.5 101.0 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

0.7 2.1 9.6 33.8 70.0 112.0 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

0.5 1.1 4.0 14.0 30.0 53.0 79.0 112.0 147.0 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

1.1 4.1 8.9 14.0 22.0 31.0 41.0 53.0 66.0 80.0 101.0 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

0.4 1.2 2.5 4.3 6.5 9.2 12.0 15.0 19.0 24.0 35.0 45.0 58.0 71.0 88.0 132.0 183.0 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

0.2 0.5 1.1 1.8 2.9 4.0 5.3 6.7 8.4 10.0 14.0 19.0 24.0 30.0 37.0 55.0 78.0 100.0 133.0 ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

0.2 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.4 1.8 2.4 3.0 3.6 5.1 6.6 8.6 11.0 12.5 20.0 27.0 37.0 46.0 70.0 95.0 126.0 ...... ...... ...... ......

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.4 1.8 2.3 3.0 3.5 5.3 7.5 10.0 13.0 19.0 27.0 36.0 46.0 57.0 70.0 ......

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.7 2.5 3.5 4.6 5.9 9.1 12.0 17.0 21.0 26.0 32.0 116.0

0.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.1 1.4 2.1 2.9 4.0 5.1 6.3 7.4 27.0

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.7 2.1 2.6 9.6

EXAMPLE: What pressure is required at intake end of a 150 ft. line of 1 in. hose joined in 50 ft. lengths with shank coupling? A delivery of 50 gal. of No. 2 fuel oil per minute is desired. Consulting the table we find the hose

required 10 PSI per 100 ft. or 15 PSI for the 150 ft. Adding 5% for each of three sets of couplings, we have a total of 17.25 PSI.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.4 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


USEFUL ENGINEERING INFORMATION
CONVERTING FEET HEAD OF WATER INTO PRESSURE
Feet Head 92.36 115.45 138.54 161.63 184.72 207.81 230.90 253.98 277.07 288.62 300.16 323.25 346.34 369.43 Pounds Per Square Inch 170 180 190 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 500 1,000 Feet Head 392.52 415.61 438.90 461.78 519.51 577.24 643.03 692.69 750.41 808.13 865.89 922.58 1154.48 2308. Feet Head 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 40 50 Pounds Per Square Inch .43 .87 1.30 1.73 2.17 2.60 3.03 3.40 3.90 4.33 8.66 12.99 17.32 21.65 Feet Head 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 Pounds Per Square Inch 25.99 30.32 34.65 38.98 43.31 47.64 51.97 56.30 60.63 64.96 69.29 73.63 77.96 83.29 Feet Head 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 Pounds Per Square Inch 86.62 97.45 108.27 119.10 129.93 140.75 151.58 173.24 216.55 259.85 303.16 346.47 389.78 433.09

CONVERTING PRESSURE INTO FEET HEAD OF WATER


Pounds Per Square Inch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 15 20 25 30 Feet Head 2.31 4.62 6.93 9.24 11.54 13.85 16.16 18.47 20.78 23.09 34.63 46.18 57.72 69.27 Pounds Per Square Inch 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 125 130 140 150 160

EQUIVALENT VALUES OF PRESSURE


Inches of Mercury 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Feet of Water 1.13 2.26 3.39 4.52 5.65 6.78 7.91 9.04 10.17 11.30 Pounds Per Square Inch 0.49 0.98 1.47 1.95 2.44 2.93 3.42 3.91 4.40 4.89 Inches of Mercury 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Feet of Water 12.45 13.57 14.70 15.82 16.96 18.09 19.22 20.35 21.75 22.60 Pounds Per Square Inch 5.39 5.87 6.37 6.86 7.35 7.84 8.33 8.82 9.31 9.80 Inches of Mercury 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 29.929 Feet of Water 23.78 24.88 26.00 27.15 28.26 29.40 30.52 31.65 32.80 33.947 Pounds Per Square Inch 10.3 10.8 11.28 11.75 12.25 12.73 13.23 13.73 14.22 14.6969

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE, BAROMETER READING AND EQUIVALENT HEAD OF WATER AT DIFFERENT ALTITUDES
Altitude Above Sea Level Feet 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 Atmospheric Pressure Pounds Per Square Inch 14.7 14.2 13.6 13.1 12.6 12.1 11.7 11.2 10.8 10.4 10.0 Barometer Reading Inches of Mercury 29.929 28.8 27.7 26.7 25.7 24.7 23.8 22.9 22.1 21.2 20.4 Equivalent Head of Water Feet 33.95 32.7 31.6 30.2 29.1 27.9 27.0 25.9 24.9 24.0 23.1

For feet head of liquid Divide feet head of water by specific gravity of liquid pumped.

APPROXIMATE COMPARISON OF VACUUM AND ABSOLUTE PRESSURES AT SEA LEVEL


Vacuum in Inches Mercury 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 29.9 Vacuum in MM. Mercury 0.0 50.8 101.6 152.4 203.2 254.0 304.8 355.6 406.4 457.2 508.0 558.8 609.6 660.4 711.2 759.5 Absolute Pressure Absolute Pressure Absolute Pressure Absolute Pressure Absolute Pressure in Lbs. Per Sq. In. in Inches Mercury in MM. of Mercury in Inches Water in Feet Water 14.7 13.7 12.7 11.7 10.8 9.78 8.79 7.81 6.83 5.84 4.86 3.88 2.89 1.91 0.92 0.00 29.9 27.9 25.9 23.8 22.0 19.9 17.9 15.9 13.9 11.9 9.9 7.9 5.9 3.9 1.9 0.0 759.5 709 658 605 559 505 455 404 353 302 251 201 150 99 48 00 407 380 352 324 299 271 243 216 189 162 135 107 80 53 26 00 33.9 31.6 29.4 27.1 24.9 22.6 20.3 18.1 15.8 13.5 11.2 8.95 6.69 4.42 2.15 0.00 Feet Suction Lift 0.00 2.27 4.53 6.80 9.07 11.34 13.61 15.88 18.14 20.41 22.68 24.95 27.22 29.48 31.75 33.91 Atmospheres 1.00 0.93 0.86 0.79 0.73 0.66 0.60 0.53 0.46 0.40 0.33 0.26 0.197 0.13 0.063 0.00

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


USEFUL ENGINEERING INFORMATION
METRIC - ENGLISH CAPACITY UNITS
Liters Per Minute 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 25 50 75 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 7,500 10,000 Gallons Per Minute 0.264 0.528 0.792 1.056 1.32 1.58 1.85 2.11 2.38 2.64 6.6 13.2 19.8 26.4 52.8 79.2 106 132 158 185 211 238 264 528 792 1056 1320 1980 2640 Cubic Meters Per Hour 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.5 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 200 300 400 500 Gallons Per Minute 0.44 0.88 1.32 1.76 2.20 2.64 3.08 3.52 3.96 4.4 6.6 8.8 17.6 26.4 35.2 44 88 132 176 220 264 308 352 396 440 880 1320 1760 2200

Section Page Issue

510 510.5 D

DEGREES FAHRENHEIT TO DEGREES CENTIGRADE


F 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 110 120 C 51 46 40 34 29 23 17.7 15.0 12.2 9.4 6.6 3.9 1.1 1.6 4.4 7.1 9.9 12.6 15.6 18.2 21.0 23.8 26.8 29.3 32.1 34.9 38 43 49 F 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 212 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 C 54 60 65 71 76 83 88 93 99 100 104 110 115 121 127 132 138 143 149 154 160 165 171 177 182 188 193 199 204 F 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 680 690 C 210 215 221 226 232 238 243 249 254 260 265 271 276 282 288 293 299 304 310 315 321 326 332 338 343 349 354 360 365 F 700 710 720 730 740 750 760 770 780 790 800 810 820 830 840 850 860 870 880 890 900 910 920 930 940 950 960 970 980 C 371 376 382 387 393 399 404 410 415 421 426 432 438 443 449 454 460 465 471 476 482 487 493 498 504 510 515 520 526

METRIC - ENGLISH PRESSURE UNITS


Kilograms Per Square Centimeter 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.5 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 15 20 30 40 50 100 Pounds Per Square Inch 1.42 2.85 4.27 5.69 7.11 8.54 9.96 11.38 12.81 14.2 21.3 28.5 42.7 56.9 71.1 85.4 99.6 114 128 142 213 285 427 569 712 1423

PROPERTIES OF SATURATED STEAM


Pressure Pounds Per Square Inch Absolute 14.696 50.0 55.0 60.0 65.0 70.0 75.0 80.0 85.0 90.0 95.0 100.0 105.0 110.0 115.0 120.0 125.0 130.0 135.0 140.0 150.0 160.0 170.0 180.0 190.0 200.0 Gauge 0.0 35.3 40.3 45.3 50.3 55.3 60.3 65.3 70.3 75.3 80.3 85.3 90.3 95.3 100.3 105.3 110.3 115.3 120.3 125.3 135.3 145.3 155.3 165.3 175.3 185.3 Degrees F. Temperature 212.00 281.01 287.07 292.71 297.97 302.92 307.60 312.03 316.25 320.27 324.12 327.81 331.36 334.77 338.07 341.25 344.33 347.32 350.21 353.02 358.42 363.53 368.41 373.06 377.51 381.79 Specific Volume Cubic Feet Per Pound 26.80 8.515 7.787 7.175 6.655 6.206 5.816 5.472 5.168 4.896 4.652 4.432 4.232 4.049 3.882 3.728 3.587 3.455 3.333 3.220 3.015 2.834 2.675 2.532 2.404 2.288

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.6 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


USEFUL ENGINEERING INFORMATION
RESISTANCE OF VALVES AND FITTINGS TO FLOW OF FLUIDS
The dotted line shows that the resistance of a 6-inch Standard Elbow is equivalent to approximately 16feet of 6-inch Standard Pipe.
Globe Valve, Open Gate Valve Closed Closed Closed Fully Open 3000 2000 1000 48 Angle Valve, Open Standard Tee 500 300 200 Square Elbow
Nominal Diameter of Standard Pipe, Inches

Example

For sudden enlargements or sudden contractions, use the smaller diameter, d, on the pipe size scale.
50

Note

42 36 30 22 24 20 16 12 10 8 6 4 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 5 4 3 3 5 9 7 10
Inside Diameter, Inches

30

100 Swing Check Valve, Fully Open


Equivalent Length of Straight Pipe, Feet

18 14

20

Borda Entrance
d D

50 30 20 10 5

Close Return Bend

Standard Tee Through Side Outlet

Sudden Enlargement d/ D - d/ D - d/ D -

Ordinary Entrance Standard Elbow or run of Tee reduced


D d

3 2

Medium Sweep Elbow or run of Tee reduced

Sudden Contraction d/ D - d/ D - d/ D -

1 0.5 0.3

45 Elbow Long Sweep Elbow or run of Standard Tee


Copyright by Crane Co.

0.2 0.1


0.5

All Dimensions and Weights are Nominal


Diameters Size External Internal Length of Weight Pipe Con- Per Ft. taining Plain External Internal Surface Surface One Cu. Ft. Ends Inches Feet Feet Feet Pounds .068 9.431 14.199 2533.775 .244 .088 7.073 10.493 1383.789 .424 .091 5.658 7.747 754.360 .567 .109 4.547 6.141 473.906 .850 .113 3.637 4.635 270.034 1.130 .133 2.904 3.641 166.618 1.678 .140 2.301 2.767 96.275 2.272 .145 2.010 2.372 70.733 2.717 .154 1.608 1.847 42.913 3.652 .203 1.328 1.547 30.077 5.793 .216 1.091 1.245 19.479 7.575 .237 .848 .948 11.312 10.790 .258 .686 .756 7.198 14.617 .280 .576 .629 4.984 18.974 .322 .442 .478 2.878 28.554 .365 .355 .381 1.826 10.483 Thickness Length of Pipe Per Sq. Ft. of Weight of Water per Ft. Pounds .025 .045 .083 .132 .231 .375 .65 .88 1.45 2.07 3.20 5.50 8.67 12.51 21.70 34.20

STANDARD PIPE DATA

All Dimensions and Weights are Nominal


Diameters Size External Internal Inches .215 .302 .423 .546 .742 .957 1.278 1.500 1.939 2.323 2.900 3.826 4.813 5.761 7.625 9.750 Length of Weight Pipe Con- Per Ft. taining Plain External Internal Surface Surface One Cu. Ft. Ends Inches Feet Feet Feet Pounds .095 9.431 17.766 3966.392 .314 .119 7.073 12.648 2010.290 .535 .126 5.658 9.030 1040.689 .738 .147 4.547 6.995 615.017 1.087 .154 3.637 5.147 333.016 1.473 .179 2.904 3.991 200.193 2.171 .191 2.301 2.988 112.256 2.996 .200 2.010 2.546 81.487 3.631 .218 1.608 1.969 48.766 5.022 .276 1.328 1.644 33.976 7.661 .300 1.091 1.317 21.801 10.252 .337 .848 .998 12.525 14.983 .375 .686 .793 7.915 20.778 .432 .576 .663 5.524 28.573 .500 .442 .500 3.154 43.388 .500 .355 .391 1.929 54.735 Thickness Length of Pipe Per Sq. Ft. of Weight of Water per Ft. Pounds .016 .031 .061 .102 .188 .312 .56 .77 1.28 1.87 2.86 4.98 7.88 11.29 19.78 32.35

EXTRA STRONG PIPE DATA

Inches Inches Inches .405 .269 .540 .364 .675 .493 .840 .622 1.050 .824 1 1.315 1.049 1 1.660 1.380 1 1.900 1.610 2 2.375 2.067 2 2.875 2.469 3 3.500 3.068 4 4.500 4.026 5 5.563 5.047 6 6.625 6.065 8 8.625 7.981 10 10.750 10.020

Inches Inches .405 .540 .675 .840 1.050 1 1.315 1 1.660 1 1.900 2 2.375 2 2.875 3 3.500 4 4.500 5 5.563 6 6.625 8 8.625 10 10.750

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

EJEMPLO DE SELECCIN

Vamos ahora a hacer el mismo ejercicio de seleccin que hicimos para las bombas Moyno, seleccionando ahora una bomba de la empresa Vinking Pump, Inc. Usaremos el Software que ofrece la empresa en su pgina web: http://vikingpump.com/en/Index.html Ingrese a la pgina web y seleccione el men RESOURCES y luego ENGINEERING TOOLS. La primera herramienta es el Pump Selector (http://www.vikingpump.com/pumpselector/) Despus de aceptar la licencia, encontrar el selector: 1. Seleccione Pump selection. 2. Coloque su localizacin. En nuestro caso, Other. 3. En nuestro caso, el material de Construccin debe ser Acero Inoxidable (Caractersticas Sanitarias): 316 Stainless Steel 4. Elegimos un Sello Mecnico: Mechanical Seal 5. Sin enchaquetamiento (No check a Jacketing). 6. No hay requerimientos especiales en cuanto a normativas que se deban cumplir. 7. Viscosidad de 5849 [SSU] 8. Presin diferencial de 67.02 [psi] 9. Temperatura de 25 C 10. Gravedad Especfica de 1.065 11. Flujo de 25 [GPM] Resultados:

El criterio de seleccin que tomaremos es el siguiente: Q p 1. Eficiencia: Sabemos que Pot = . Como todas estas bombas estn trabajando con

un caudal de 25 [gpm] y levantan una cabeza de 67.02 [psi], ser ms eficiente quien consuma menor potencia. En nuestro caso, la RL40257. Pero hay un segundo criterio importante. 2. Velocidad de giro: Como se sabe, los motores sincrnicos giran a 3600, 1800, 1200 y 900 [rpm]. Tendramos dos opciones: a. Acoplar directamente la bomba HL4197 que gira a 1347 [rpm] a un motor de 1200 [rpm], lo que representa una prdida de flujo de 2.73 [gpm]* Si sta prdida no es significativa para el sistema, se puede optar por sta opcin, porque evita el costo adicional de un moto-reductor y adems facilita el montaje. El consumo de potencia sera de 3.38 [HP], con lo que podramos seleccionar un motor de 4 [HP] (Si se consigue, porque generalmente estn de 3 y de 5 HP) b. Por el otro lado, podemos conseguir un motor de 1800 [rpm] con un motoreductor de 15:1 para poder usar la bomba de mejor eficiencia, es decir, la RL40257 que gira a 115 [rpm]. El consumo de potencia se incrementara por la prdida en el moto-reductor. Hay muchos fabricantes de moto-reductores, en nuestro caso buscamos a SEW Eurodrive, quien ofrece muy buena informacin.

Encontramos un moto-reductor que nos lleva hasta 113 [rpm] y es de la serie MC3R.

* Prdida de Flujo: Por la proporcionalidad entre el flujo y las revoluciones de la bomba se tiene que:

Q = Q

n 1200 = 25 = 22.27[gpm ] n 1347

La eficiencia del moto-reductor se puede encontrar en los datos del fabricante:

Por lo tanto, nuestra eficiencia es de 0.955 y la potencia del motor debe ser de

Pot =

1.74[HP ] = 1.82[HP ] 0.955

Conclusin: Hay que hacer un estudio econmico de las alternativas, analizando los costos de inversin y de operacin. Despus de ello podemos elegir la bomba correcta. Inversin Costo de Operacin Opcin 1: HL4197 Motor de 4 [HP] + Costo de la Bomba Consumo de 3.38 [HP] Opcin 2: RL40257 Motor de 2 [HP] + Moto-reductor. + Costo de la Bomba Consumo de 1.82 [HP]

Si nuestro anlisis arrojara la RL40257 (o cualquier otra) podemos observar la grfica de Potencia Vs Velocidad de giro en el punto de funcionamiento:

Y tambin podemos ver el punto de funcionamiento en la grfica de Caudal Vs RPM

bombas de lbulos

S.A. de C.V.

Bombas Rotativas de Lbulos


Series ZL

2008

Bomba Rotativa de Lbulos


SELECCIN DE BOMBAS ROTATIVAS DE LOBULOS
Seleccin de bombas utilizando las graficas para agua: Paso 1 Velocidad, rpm Comience desde eje en el extremo izquierdo (Flujo LPM) a la capacidad requerida, trace una lnea totalmente horizontal hasta cruzar con la lnea slida de flujo-velocidad (de color rojo) a la diferencial de presin (en bares). En esta interseccin, trace una lnea vertical hacia abajo para determinar la velocidad de la bomba en rpm.

Paso 2 Potencia, kW Comience nuevamente por el extremo izquierdo (Flujo LPM) a la capacidad requerida, trace una lnea horizontal a lo largo hasta cruzar con las lneas punteadas de flujo-potencia absorbida (de color verde) a la diferencial de presin. En esta interseccin trace una lnea vertical hacia arriba para determinar la potencia absorbida.

GRAFICA DE CAPACIDAD Y CONSUMO DE POTENCIA


DIFERENCIAL DE PRESION BAR

POTENCIA ABSORBIDA Kw

FLUJO LPM VELOCIDAD RPM Curva de funcionamiento modelo ZL-220-34-12.

CORRECCION DE VISCOSIDAD cP

POTENCIA ABSORBIDA SOLO PARA UNA VISCOSIDAD DE 1 cP

Bomba Rotativa de Lbulos


Ejemplo: flujo requerido de 50 LPM de H2O con una viscosidad de 1 cP contra una presin diferencial de 3 bar, utilice una bomba de lbulos ZL-220:

Paso 1 Velocidad Localice los 50 LPM en el eje del flujo del lado izquierdo, trace una lnea horizontal a todo lo largo hasta cruzar la lnea de diferencial de presin correspondiente a 3 bar, esta va paralela entre las lneas de 2 y 4 bar. Trace una lnea vertical hacia abajo en el punto de la interseccin para determinar la velocidad cuyo valor se puede leer como 320 rpm.

Paso 2 Potencia Comience con los 50 LPM desde el eje del flujo, trace una lnea horizontal hasta cortar con las lnea punteada de 3 bar (lnea de flujo-potencia absorbida de color verde) la cual se ubica entre las lneas de 2 y 4 bar. En esta interseccin trace una lnea vertical hacia arriba para determinar la potencia absorbida en el eje superior, la cual se puede leer como 0.75 kW.

Seleccin de bombas para lquidos viscosos: Paso 1 Velocidad, rpm Cuando manejemos otros fluidos diferentes al agua, con viscosidades mayores, utilice las curvas de correccin de viscosidad en la parte superior derecha de las graficas.

Caso 1: Si la viscosidad es de 1 cP y la presin diferencial de 12 bar, entonces seleccione la velocidad utilizando la lnea de presin de 12 bar.

Caso 2: Si la viscosidad es de 300 cP y la presin diferencial de 6 bar, entonces seleccione la velocidad utilizando la lnea de presin de 0 bar.

Caso 3: Si la viscosidad es de 20 cP y la presin diferencial de 8 bar, entonces seleccione la velocidad utilizando la lnea de presin de 2 bar.

Podemos apreciar en la grafica correspondiente a la bomba ZL-220/34/12 que, cuando se excede la viscosidad de 300 cP, el Slip en la bomba es casi despreciable, por lo tanto se debe utilizar la lnea de presin de 0.0 bar para cualquier presin diferencial.

Bomba Rotativa de Lbulos


Paso 2 Potencia, kW Para calcular la potencia total que necesitamos para mover el fluido en el caso de viscosidades diferentes a la del agua, es necesario determinar el factor de correccin de viscosidad V, para lo cual podemos utilizar la siguiente tabla y posteriormente la siguiente formula. Factor de viscosidad V

Viscosidad cP Grfica para determinar el factor de correccin de la viscosidad.

Use la siguiente formula para calcular la potencia:

Donde:

kg P = Presin

cm 2

N=

((2 P ) + V ) n CZL
1000

V = Factor de viscosidad n = Velocidad (rpm) C = Flujo lt

rev

Conocemos cuales son las capacidades por revolucin de cada modelo de bombas rotativas de lbulos de la serie ZL, con ellos determinamos el tamao del equipo:

ZL CZL

110 0.05

115 0.12

120 0.21

220 0.40

225 0.62

330 1.02

340 1.44

440 2.27

450 3.34

Bomba Rotativa de Lbulos


Por lo que podemos definir la siguiente tabla para manejar, dependiendo de la viscosidad, la velocidad mxima recomendada para cada uno de los taamos de bomba.

Modelo Viscosidad (cP) 110 115 120 220 225 330 340 440 450

Mxima velocidad recomendada en rpm 1 - 100 100 - 1,000 1,000 - 5,000 5,000 - 10,000 10,000 - 20,000 20,000 - 50,000 50,000 - 100,000 1000 667 417 250 167 117 83 800 533 333 200 133 93 67 800 533 333 200 133 93 67 700 467 292 175 117 82 58 700 467 292 175 117 82 58 600 400 250 150 100 70 50 600 400 250 150 100 70 50 500 333 208 125 83 58 42 500 333 208 125 83 58 42

Ejemplo: Seleccione una bomba rotativa de lbulos con las siguientes caractersticas: producto a bombear crema con una viscosidad de 2000 cP, con un flujo requerido de 70 LPM a una presin diferencial de 8 kilogramos por centmetro cuadrado.

Para calcular la velocidad recomendada en rpm, dividimos los 70 LPM entre las capacidades por revolucin de cada modelo:

Modelo ZL CZL Velocidad rpm

110 0,05 1400

115 0,12 583

120 0,21 333

220 0,40 175

225 0,62 113

330 1,02 69

340 1,44 49

440 2,27 31

450 3,34 21

Comparamos y seleccionamos los modelos que mejor se ajusten a su velocidad mxima de operacin. En este caso el modelo ZL120 es la que mejor se adapta al flujo con una velocidad de 333 rpm. Para calcular la potencia total empleamos la formula con los siguientes datos:

kg P=8

cm
2

Aplicando la formula:

V(2000 cP) = 5.6 n = 333 (rpm) CZL(ZL120) = 0.21 lt

N=

((2 8) + 5.6) 333 0.21 =


1000

1.51 Kw

rev

Bomba Rotativa de Lbulos


CUESTIONARIO
Cliente: _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Cantidad: __________________ Bombas: Flujo: Carga de presin: Dimetro de impulsor: Modelo no. _________________________________________ _____________________ Unidades ______________ _____________________ Unidades ______________ _____________________ Unidades ______________ Date:______________________________

Producto: ____________________________________________________________________________________ Gravedad especifica: Concentracin: Viscosidad: Temperatura: _____________________ Unidades ______________ _____________________ Unidades ______________ _____________________ Unidades ______________ _____________________ Unidades ______________

Partculas duras: ________________________________________________________________________________ Sello mecnico (flecha) Sello estacionario: Sello rotatorio: O-rings: Chorro de agua: Motor Potencia: ______________ Tipo: Sin motor Conexiones Succin: Descarga: Dimensin: _________________________ Dimensin: _________________________ Tipo: __________________________________ Tipo: __________________________________ RPM ________________ TEFC _______________ Si _________________ Hz __________________ EG3 _________________ No __________________ Volts _________________ D2G4 ________________ Cermica _____________ Carbn ______________ NBR ________________ Si _________________ SiC _________________ SiC _________________ EPDM _______________ No __________________ TC __________________ TC __________________ Viton ________________

Diseos especiales Dren en carcaza: Montada en base: Montada en bastidor: Versin transportable: Si _________________ Si _________________ Si _________________ Si _________________ No __________________ No __________________ No __________________ No __________________ Posicin no ______

Observaciones: ________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________

Firma

Composite Series ZL pumps


Data for guidance only. Based on 0.0 bar at pump inlet.

100 90 80 70 60

FLOW - m /hr

50 40 30 20 10 5 0 0 10 100 500 1,000 5,000 10,000 50,000 100,000


ALC08

VISCOSITY - cPS

Rotary Pump ZL-110/005/20


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-115/012/12


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure bar Differential Pressure bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-120/021/08


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure - bar Differential Pressure - bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-220/040/12


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure - bar Differential Pressure - bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-225/062/08


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure - bar Differential Pressure - bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-330/102/12


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure - bar Differential Pressure - bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-340/114/08


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure - bar Differential Pressure - bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-440/227/12


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure - bar Differential Pressure - bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

Rotary Pump ZL-450/334/08


WATER CAPACITY AND ABSORBED POWER GRAPH
Absorbed power figures are for 1 cps viscosity 1 hp = 0,747 kW Line JEC

Differential Pressure - bar Differential Pressure - bar

Absorbed power - kW

Flow rate - LPM

Viscosity correction - cP

Speed - rpm

ALC08

COMPARACIN DE LAS BOMBAS MOYNO, VIKING Y Q-PUMPS

Vamos a usar el mismo ejemplo que hemos venido usando a lo largo de ste compendio. Se requiere seleccionar una bomba de desplazamiento positivo para ser utilizada en un proceso de embotellado de una salsa de 1344 cP con una gravedad especfica de 1.065. La capacidad de cada botella es de 4.75 litros y el tiempo de llenado es de 3 segundos. Si la tubera tiene una longitud equivalente de 10 pies en la succin y 100 pies en la descarga, determine: a) Los dimetros de las tuberas de succin y descarga b) La velocidad de la bomba c) La potencia consumida La instalacin es como se muestra en la figura:

Ya sabemos que el caudal del sistema es de 25 [gpm] Hay que tener en cuenta que la tubera de impulsin que estamos utilizando de 2 podra ser reducida a 1 disminuyendo costos. Veremos en qu influye este cambio. Para Moyno, por ejemplo, tendremos que aumentar el nmero de etapas (Ya veremos si a 2 4). Empecemos: Prdidas: La tubera de succin no podemos cambiarla, ser de 2. Miremos la tabla para calcular la prdida en la succin: TAMAO DE LA TUBERA 1 1 2 2 VISCOSIDAD EN SSU Interpolamos 5849 2.44 1.27 0.49 0.24

GPM

5000 2.10 1.10 0.42 0.20

6000 2.50 1.30 0.50 0.25

25

Por lo tanto, en 10 [pies] de succin, tendremos una prdida de 49 [psi] En la descarga, usaremos la tubera de 1 . Como son 100, tendremos una prdida de 127 [psi] La presin debida a la carga esttica es de 13.1 [psi] Por lo tanto,

p = H est + H f succ + H f desc = 13.1 + 49 + 127 p = 189.1[ psi ]

La velocidad de rotacin de la bomba no depende del diferencial de presin, sino del caudal impulsado. Por lo tanto, la aplicacin no cambiar su velocidad de 1340 [rpm]. Con 189 [psi] tenemos que usar una bomba de 4 etapas (O pasar a la serie High Pressure Pumps). De la grfica, para 4 etapas, tenemos un consumo de potencia de 6.4 [HP]. A ese valor, debemos agregarle la correccin por viscosidad que es de 0.641 y la potencia consumida por los rodamientos que es de 0.536 [HP], entonces

Pot = 6.4 + 0.641 + 0.536 = 7.577[HP]

Pot = 7.577[HP ]
@ 1340 rpm
Eficiencia de la bomba Moyno: Se sabe que

Pot [HP] = global =

Q[gpm] p[ psi ] = 7.577 1714 global 25 189 = 36.38% 1714 7.577


Las bombas Moyno tienen baja eficiencia, pero son muy verstiles y de fcil mantenimiento

1340 RPM

Insertamos los datos en el Selector: 1. Viscosidad de 5849 [SSU] 2. Presin diferencial de 189 [psi] 3. Temperatura de 25 C 4. Gravedad Especfica de 1.065 5. Flujo de 25 [GPM] El resultado de Viking es el siguiente:

Vamos a usar el criterio de eficiencia, entonces seleccionaremos la bomba RL40167 que consume 4.11 [HP]

Pot = 4.11[HP ]
@

174[rpm]

Eficiencia de la bomba Viking: Se sabe que

Pot [HP ] = global =

Q[gpm ] p[ psi ] = 4.11 1714 global 25 189 = 67.07% 1714 4.11

Ahora vamos a seleccionar una bomba Q-Pumps:

El caudal a bombear en unidades internacionales es:

gal 3.79litros 3 Q = 25 = 94.75[lpm] = 6.685 m h gal min

Con este flujo vamos a la carta de preseleccin:

Usaremos entonces una bomba ZL220 Para la potencia de las bombas Q-Pumps se aplica la siguiente ecuacin:

Donde

N es la potencia en [KW] P es la presin en [Kgf/cm2] V es el Factor de viscosidad n es la Velocidad en [rpm] y C es el Flujo en [lt/rev]

La presin diferencial es de

189[ psi ] = 13.29 [Kgf/cm2] 14.22

El factor de Viscosidad lo tomamos de grfica (Entrando con 1344 cP):

Por lo tanto, el factor de viscosidad es de 5. Velocidad de la Bomba: Para ello, vamos a la grfica de las bombas de la serie 220 (El flujo es de 25*3.79 [litros/gal] = 94.75[lpm])

Tenemos entonces la bomba girando a 250 [rpm]. Miremos las mximas rpms recomendadas:

Estamos OK Ahora vamos al flujo por revolucin: Para una bomba de la serie 220 tenemos que el flujo por revolucin es de 0.21 [lt/rev]

Aplicando la frmula:

N=

((2 13.29 ) + 5) 250 0.4 = 4.23[HP ]


1000 0.746

Pot [HP ] = global =

Q[gpm] p[ psi ] = 4.23 1714 global 25 189 = 65.12% 1714 4.23

bombas de paletas

FULL LINE BULLETIN ONE


Section: 100 Effective: February 2009 Replaces: March 2007

Positive Displacement Rotary Vane Pumps


For Fluid Processing and Transfer Applications

Process

Energy

Transport

Military & Marine

Blackmer Fluid Processing and Transfer Pumps


The Blackmer Pump Story
Blackmer was first established in 1903, and has been manufacturing rotary pumps since that time. In 1965, Blackmer became a division of the Dover Corporation, a U.S. Fortune 500 Company and a diversified producer of capital goods. Today, Blackmer is the worlds leading manufacturer of rotary vane pumps. The company offers the best combined characteristics of sustained high level performance; energy efficiency, trouble-free operation and low maintenance cost. Blackmer pumps are widely used by the U.S. defense agencies, and have long been the preferred technology for transfer, transport and delivery of petroleum products and liquefied gases. Blackmers unique sliding vane design is now recognized worldwide for handling industrial process fluids, Volatile Organic Compounds, abrasive slurries and viscous liquids.

Self-adjusting vanes sustain performance


The performance of gear pumps will constantly diminish as wear increases clearances. To compensate for the reduced performance, you must increase the pump speed (which further accelerates pump wear) or tolerate reduced capacity until performance drops to a totally unacceptable level. The vanes on a Blackmer pump automatically slide out in their rotor slots to continuously adjust for wear, as shown in Figure 2. No more speeding up to compensate for reduced flow, and no more putting up with poor performance. Blackmer pumps maintain near-original efficiency and capacity throughout the life of the vanes.
Vane compensates for wear by sliding further out of rotor slot

World-class quality ISO 9001 Certified


Blackmers worldwide reputation for superior product quality begins with extensive research and development, computer-aided design, and integrated manufacturing capabilities. Blackmer operates its own modern foundry and metallurgical laboratory. Computerized machine tools and statistical process controls (SPC) are used throughout the manufacturing process to ensure the highest quality standards. All Blackmer pumps are produced and tested in conformance with ISO 9001 certification.

New Vane

Worn Vane

FIGURE 2. How Blackmers sliding vanes maintain efficiency

Efficiency means energy savings


The high volumetric efficiency and symmetrical bearing support of Blackmer pumps means they require less horsepower than other positive displacement pumps. So, you spend less on motors initially and less on electricity to operate the pumps once they are installed. How much less? Typically a Blackmer pump may require up to 30% less power than other positive displacement pump types in handling fluids from 30 to 500,000 ssu (1 to 108,000 cSt).

How Blackmer sliding vane pumps achieve high volumetric efficiency


As shown in Figure 1, Blackmer pumps use a rotor with sliding vanes, which draw the liquid in behind each vane, through the inlet port and into the pumping chamber. As the rotor turns, the liquid is transferred between the vanes to the outlet where it is discharged. Each vane provides a positive mechanical and hydraulic push to the liquid. Vanes are actuated by three forces: (1) centrifugal force from the rotors rotation, (2) push rods moving between opposing pairs of vanes, and (3) liquid pressure entering through the vane grooves and acting on the rear of the vanes. Each revolution of a Blackmer pump displaces a constant volume of fluid. Variance in pressure has minimal effect. Energy-wasting turbulence and slippage are minimized and high volumetric efficiency is maintained.

Symmetrical bearing support and rugged construction assures reliable performance


Blackmer pumps are available with grease lubricated ball or roller bearings and mechanical shaft seals. Models are also available with external gland bearings or internal self-lubricating sleeve bearings, which have small vacuum passages in the heads to assure bearing lubrication and cooling. Blackmer mechanically sealed pumps are often the first choice for demanding applications, such as abrasives, viscous or thin, non-lubricating fluids. Blackmer manufactures its own mechanical seals to match the criteria of the application, and Blackmer seals are designed as an integral component of the pump. This unique design isolates the pumpage from the bearings, maintains seal face alignment and maximizes seal flushing for cooling. The result is optimum seal and bearing life.

FIGURE 1. How Blackmers sliding vane action works

Vane replacement in minutes, easy maintenance


Vane replacement, when necessary, is easy. Simply remove the outer head, slide out the old vanes, insert the new ones, and reinstall the head. In a matter of minutes, your pump is back in operation. Routine inspection is equally as easy. Several Blackmer pump models are equipped with replaceable liners and end discs. They protect the pump casing and offer the economy of simple replacement, restoring the pump to like-new efficiency, should the liner ever show significant wear.

Abrasive fluids
Blackmer wear-resistant pump models have specially hardened and replaceable wear surfaces. Low speed operation and external bearings that are completely isolated from the pumpage provide extended life on tough abrasive service.

Sealing options
A wide selection of Blackmer mechanical seal options are available for a broad range of application requirements. Commercial mechanical seals in single or multiple configurations, shaft packing, lip seals or triple lip seals are also available for select pump models.

Self-priming and dry run capability


Blackmers unique mechanical seal and seal-less designs allow dry running for priming and line stripping. The self-adjusting sliding vanes help maintain this capability for consistent priming.

Seal-less option
Blackmer also offers a line of magnetically coupled pumps that provide zero shaft leakage of expensive, hazardous or toxic fluids.

Volatile Organic Compounds


Blackmer sliding vane pumps have long been the preferred pump technology for handling Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), and a wide range of thin products. Since Blackmer pumps are designed with no metal-tometal contact, they are ideal for handling non-lubricating fluids efficiently.

Materials of construction
Blackmer pumps are offered in cast iron, ductile iron, or 316 stainless steel construction.

Technical assistance
The chart below gives recommended pump types for fluids commonly handled by Blackmer pumps. This is only a partial list and, in some applications, selecting the right pump may require more detailed information than is presented here. Blackmer has a worldwide stocking distributor network and a staff of Application Engineers to assist you in specifying the proper pump for your application. Please log on to our website, www.blackmer.com, for the name of the nearest distributor in your area.

High viscosity or shear sensitive fluids


Blackmer pumps are ideal for handling viscous or shear sensitive fluids. Slow operating speeds, hydraulic vane actuation and high efficient design minimize shear and agitation of the liquid.

Typical Blackmer Pump Applications


Service Petroleum Food Fluid GENERAL-DUTY PUMPS: Refined Fuel Transfer Greases Chocolate Syrups Molasses Edible Oils Black Liquor Soldium Silicate Solvent (VOCs) Transfer Tallow Fire Fighting Foam (AFFF) Wax Creosote Glues, Adhesives Asphalt HEAVY-DUTY PUMPS: Lube Oil Packaging Refineries Stripping Fluid Transfer Fuel and Lubrication Caustics Solvents (VOCs) Asphalts Molasses Polyol Industrial Liquefied Gases Recommended Pump Types X, GX NP, MLN NP, MLN NP, MLN NP, MLN X, GX NP, MLN NP, MLN All Lines NP, MLN NP, MLN NP, MLN NP, MLN NP, MLN NP, MLN All Line MLX, HXL XL, MLX MLX, HXL XL, X, GX All Lines All Lines HXL, ML HXL, ML XL XL Service Fluid Recovery Printing Paints Paper Processing Fluid ABRASIVE LIQUID PUMPS: Waste Solvents (VOCs) Waste Petroleum Products Ink Oil Base Paints Calcium Sterate Filled Polyol Magnetic Tape - Iron Oxide Crude Oil Recommended Pump TYPES XLW, MLX XLW, MLX XLW, MLX XLW, MLX XLW, MLX XLW, MLX XLW, MLX XLW, MLX

Paper Transfer

Petroleum Marine Processing

Food Paints Soap Processing

316 STAINLESS STEEL PUMPS: Corn Syrups Chocolates Fruit Juices Latex Emulsions Sulphonic Acid Liquid Soaps Solvents (VOCs) Caustic Soda Resins

SNP SNP SNP SNP SNP SNP SMVP SNP, SMVP SNP

General-Duty Pumps
Blackmer GX, X, NP and MLN pump models have long been popular for transferring a wide range of non-corrosive, non-abrasive industrial liquids and petroleum products. The GX and X models are fitted with Blackmer mechanical seals and external grease lubricated ball bearings. The X1 and X1P motor speed pump models have one-inch NPT tapped ports, and are fitted with a foot bracket for base mounting, or an integral bracket for direct mounting to a NEMA C-face motor. The X1P model offers 50% more capacity than the X1 pump. The GX models feature an integral head mounted gear reduction drive that is self-aligning. The GX pumps are the first choice for economy and compactness. The X type pumps can be used with a wide variety of gear reducers and drive arrangements. Standard NP and MLN pump models are constructed with self-lubricating internal sleeve bearings and PTFE impregnated shaft packing. Sealing options include single or multiple commercial mechanical seals, lip seals or triple lip seals. Jacketed heads are available for both models. The GX, X, and NP pump models (two through four-inch port sizes) are offered with standard NPT tapped, optional weld or ANSI companion pipe flanges. The MLN4 model has ANSI compatible flanges.

Materials of Construction
Pump Cylinder Series And Heads GX, X NP MLN Shaft O-Ring Vane Seal Options Options Blackmer Cast Iron Cast Iron External Ball Mechanical Duravane Cast Iron or Ductile FKM Laminate Metal Packing, Steel Ductile Iron Iron Bronze Impregnated Mechanical PTFE Iron Carbon Seal or Ductile Ductile Iron Sleeve Lip Seal Iron Rotor Shaft Bearings

Pump Ratings
GX2 cutaway

Pump Series GX, X NP MLN

Maximum Diff. Pressure psi bar 125 8.6 200 13.8 200 13.8

Maximum Working Pressure psi bar 175 12.1 250 17.2 250 17.2

Maximum Fluid Temperature F C 300 149 500 260 400 204

Pump Performance Data


Pump Model X1 X1P GX2 X2 GX2.5 X2.5 GX3 X3 GX4 X4 NP1.5 NP2 NP2.5 NP3 NP4
NP2 cutaway with optional jackets

Port Size (Inches) 1 1 2 212 3 4 112 2 212 3 4 4

X2 cutaway

MLN4

Pump Speed (rpm) 1,750 1,450 1,750 1,450 640 280 640 280 640 280 500 230 640 56 640 100 640 100 640 100 500 100 600 68

Nominal Flow Rate at 50 psi (3.4 bar)

Maximum Viscosity at Pump Speed Shown

gpm 10 8 16 12 74 31 131 58 266 115 510 224 46 4 72 10 132 22 269 38 512 94 565 60

L/min. 38 30 61 45 280 117 496 220 1,007 435 1,930 848 174 15 273 38 500 83 1,018 144 1,938 356 2,139 227

ssu 3,000 3,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 20,000 1,000 20,000 500 20,000 500 20,000 1,000 75,000 1,000 75,000 1,000 75,000 1,000 75,000 5,000 75,000 5,000 500,000

cSt 630 630 220 220 220 4,250 220 4,250 105 4,250 105 4,250 220 16,500 220 16,500 220 16,500 220 16,500 1,050 16,500 1,050 108,000

Heavy-Duty, Ductile Iron Pumps


Blackmer XL, MLX and HXL pump models are commonly used in refineries, lube oil plants and general industry for processing, filling and transfer applications. These models are constructed of ductile iron that will withstand sudden thermal shock and stress well beyond the capabilities of cast iron. All models feature replaceable casing liners and end discs that allow easy rebuilding of the pumping chamber to like new condition, without removing the pump from the piping. The XL, MLX and HXL models are fitted with Blackmer mechanical seals, and external grease lubricated ball or spherical roller bearings.

Materials of Construction
Pump Casing And Series Heads XL MLX HXL Ductile Iron Iron Steel Iron Cast Iron Rotor End Shaft Liner Discs Bearings External Ball Shaft Seal Blackmer Mechanical O-Ring Options Vane Options2 Duravane Laminate Bronze Iron

Spherical Blackmer Roller Mechanical

FKM PTFE

Pump Ratings
Pump Series XL MLX HXL6 HXL8, HXL10 Maximum Differential Pressure psi 150 200 125 150 bar 10.3 13.8 8.6 10.3 Maximum Working Pressure psi 350 250 150 250 bar 24.1 17.2 10.3 17.2 Maximum Fluid Temperature F 300 300 400 400 C 149 149 204 204
XL2 cutaway

Pump Performance Data


PUMP MODEL XRL1.25 XL1.25 XL1.5 XL2 XL3 XL4 MLX4 HXL6 HXL8 HXL10 PORT SIZE (INCHES) 114 114 112 2 3 4 4 6 8 10 PUMP SPEED (RPM) 1,750 1,450 1,750 1,450 1,750 1,450 780 230 780 230 640 155 600 200 350 68 350 68 230 68 NOMINAL FLOW RATE MAXIMUM VISCOSITY AT 50 PSI (3.4 BAR) AT PUMP SPEED SHOWN GPM 17 14 23 19 35 29 82 24 185 50 346 77 565 180 755 130 1,200 215 2,220 640 LPM 64 53 87 72 132 110 310 91 700 189 1,310 291 2,139 681 2,858 492 4,542 814 8,404 2,423 SSU 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 50,000 5,000 50,000 5,000 50,000 5,000 100,000 1,000 100,000 1,000 100,000 5,000 100,000 cSt 1,050 1,050 1,050 1,050 1,050 1,050 1,050 10,500 1,050 10,500 1,050 10,500 1,050 21,000 220 21,000 220 21,000 1,050 21,000

HXL8 cutaway

Wear-Resistant, Abrasive Liquid Pumps


Blackmer wear-resistant pumps are specially designed for handling liquids with suspended abrasive particles, such as inks, paints, crude oil, waste oils and solvents. These models are constructed with specially hardened and replaceable wear surfaces for extended service life. All models have ductile iron construction with replaceable liners and end discs for quick, easy replacement. The XLW and MLX models are fitted with external grease lubricated ball or roller bearings, and feature special Blackmer abrasion-resistant mechanical seals, which are an integral component of the pump. This construction minimizes seal face movement, and completely isolates the bearings from the pumpage.

Materials of Construction
Pump Casing And Series Heads Rotor Shaft Liner End Discs Bearings Shaft Seal O-Ring Vane Options Options FKM PTFE Hardened Iron or Laminate

Hardened Hardened External XLW Ductile Ductile Hardened Ductile Hardened Ball or Blackmer MLX Iron Steel Iron Iron Cast Iron Roller Mechanical

Pump Ratings
XLW2 cutaway

Pump Series XLW MLX

Maximum Differential Pressure psi bar 150 10.3 200 13.8

Maximum Working Pressure psi bar 350 24.1 250 17.2

Maximum Fluid Temperature F C 300 149 300 149

Pump Performance Data


Pump Model XLW2 XLW3 MLX4 Port Size (inches) 2 3 4 Pump Speed (rpm) 350 190 350 190 300 200 Nominal Flow Rate at 50 psi (3.4 bar) gpm L/min. 37 20 76 41 280 190 140 76 288 155 1,060 719 Maximum Viscosity at Pump Speed Shown ssu cSt 30,000 75,000 30,000 75,000 50,000 100,000 6,300 15,750 6,300 15,750 10,500 21,000

MLX4 cutaway

316 Stainless Steel Pumps


Blackmer SNP and SMVP pump models are typically used in handling a wide variety of corrosive or caustic fluids, and liquid foods such as sugars, syrups and flavor extracts. Both series have 316 stainless steel construction and self-lubricating carbon sleeve bearings which allow dry running for priming and line stripping. All models are fitted with PTFE seal rings, replaceable end discs and non-metallic vanes that eliminate galling and provide extended pump life. The SNP models are available with PTFE impregnated shaft packing, lip seals, triple lip seals, lantern rings or commercial mechanical seals. An optional twoway relief valve is available on all models through 2 12 -inch port size. ANSI compatible flanges are standard on sizes through 2 12 -inches. The SNP3 has an internal relief valve and weld companion flanges. For control of fugitive emissions, the SMVP seal-less series is offered with samarium cobalt magnetic couplings that assure zero shaft leakage. Blackmer SMVP pumps provide the Best Available Control Technology for handling expensive, hazardous or toxic fluids. ANSI compatible flanges are standard on all SMVP pump models.

Materials of Construction
Pump Cylinder And Series Heads SNP Rotor Shaft End Discs Bearings Shaft Seal Seal Vane Rings Options Packing, Metal 316 316 Stainless Carbon Impregnated Mechanical or Seal or Stainless Stainless Steel Chem PTFE Duravane Carbon Laminate Lip Seal Steel Steel Disc1 Sleeve SMVP Seal-less

Pump Ratings
Pump Series SNP SMVP Maximum Differential Pressure psi bar 150 10.3 125 8.6 Maximum Working Pressure psi bar 200 13.8 1752 12.1 Maximum Fluid Temperature F C 400 204 200 93

SMVP200

Pump Performance Data


Pump Model SNP1.25 SNP1.5 SNP2 SNP2.5 SNP3 SMVP15 SMVP30 SMVP50 SMVP100 SMVP200
1Chem 2The

Port Size (inches) 112 112 2 212 3 112 112 2 2 3

Pump Speed (rpm) 1,750 640 1,750 640 640 190 640 190 640 190 1,750 1,450 1,750 1,450 1,750 1,450 1,750 1,450 1,150 950

Nominal Flow Rate at 50 psi (3.4 bar) gpm L/min. 16 61 6 23 36 136 11 42 73 276 21 80 132 500 40 151 265 1,003 76 288 16 61 13 49 36 136 31 117 60 227 50 189 122 462 95 360 210 795 175 662

Maximum Viscosity at Pump Speed Shown ssu cSt 5,000 1,050 15,000 3,150 5,000 1,050 15,000 3,150 1,000 220 40,000 8,500 1,000 220 40,000 8,500 500 105 40,000 8,500 5,000 1,050 5,000 1,050 5,000 1,050 5,000 1,050 5,000 1,050 5,000 1,050 5,000 1,050 5,000 1,050 2,250 500 4,500 1,000

SNP1.25 1.5 cutaway

Discs are standard for the SMVP50 through SMVP200 seal-less pump models. Note: Chem Discs are not available for the SMVP15, SMVP30 or SNP pump model. maximum working pressure for the SMVP200 pump model is 150 psi (10.3 bar). Please consult factory for applications that require higher working pressures.

SNP3 cutaway

Gear reducers and drive arrangements


Blackmer manufactures a wide range of gear reducers and drive arrangements to meet a broad range of application requirements. Blackmer helical gear reducers are designed for use with 1750, 1150, 1450 and 950 rpm motors up to 30 hp. Blackmer also offers a line of commercial gear reducers for applications that require higher horsepower. Standard drive arrangements include base mounted units complete with pump and foot-mounted motor, or a NEMA C-face motor. Special drive arrangements such as gear motors, variable-speed motors, hydraulic drives, gasoline or diesel engines can be furnished. Consult factory for details.

Hand pumps for transfer and dispensing


Blackmer offers a full line of hand operated rotary pumps for transfer and dispensing of solvents, fuels, lube oils and a wide range of non-corrosive liquids. FM approved models for flammables, geared models for viscous liquids to 30,000 ssu (6,300 cSt), or high volume output. A complete line of accessories is available. For more information and specifications, see Bulletin 301.

Gas compressors for liquid transfer, vapor recovery and pressure boosting
Blackmer oil-free gas compressors deliver high efficiency in handling a wide range of industrial gases. Both air and water cooled models with single or two-stage options are available. Working pressures to 750 psia (51.7 bar), capacities to 125 cfm (212 m3/h). For more information and specifications, request Bulletin 901-001.

Available in Stainless Steel or Ductile Iron. See Bulletin 111-002.

Distributed by:

World Headquarters
1809 Century Avenue SW Grand Rapids, MI 49503-1530 USA T 616.241.1611 F 616.241.3752
Printed in USA 2/09-1M 2009 Blackmer

www.blackmer.com

Page Number

80 April 1980 New 10

COMMON USAGE OF BLACKMER PUMPS BY STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION


SIC No. 13 Title Oil and Gas Extraction Description Establishments engaged in producing crude petroleum, natural gas, recovering petroleum from the soil Establishments engaged in general building contracting, heavy construction contracting

Effective Replaces Section

LIQUIDS PUMPED Pump series used most frequently shown in ( ) Crude Oil (X, NP, XLW, VNP)

15-17 Construction

201

202

204

206 208

209

220

261 263 264

270

281

282

283

Asphalt (SNP, NP, VNP), Butane (LG), Calcium Chloride Brine (NP, SNP), Coal Tar Pitch (NP), Fuel Oils (X, NP), Gasoline (X), Grease-Lubricating (X, NP), Hydraulic Fluids & Oils (X, NP), Kerosene (X, NP), LP-Gas (LG), Oil-Lubricating (NP, X), Tar (NP, VNP) Meat Products Establishments engaged in Adhesives (NP), Ammonia-Refrigeration (RAL), Animal Fatsslaughtering, manufacturing and cold, hot (NP), Blood (NP), Brine (SNP), Fuel Oils (X, NP), general preparing of meats lard-melted (NP), Rosin (NP) Dairy Manufacturers of butter, cheese, ice Ammonia (LG), Caustic (SNP, NP), Condensed Milk (SNP), Products cream, processors of fluid milk and Freon (LG), Syrup (NP) cream Grain Mill Establishments engaged in milling Adhesives (NP), Animal Fats-hot (NP), Choline Chloride (NP), Products flour or meal from grain. Preparation Fish Oil (SNP), Molasses (NP, X) of cereal, flour and feeds Sugar Refining and processing of sugar Corn Syrup (NP), Sugar Syrup (NP) and syrup Beverages Manufacturing of liquid beverages Ammonia (LG), Caustic (SNP, NP), Ethyl Alcohol (XS, NP), such as malt liquors, malt, wines, Fruit Juices (SNP), Syrup (NP), Yeast (NP) extracts, and soft drinks Miscellaneous Manufacturing of cottonseed, Amyl Acetate (XS, NP), Caustic (SNP, NP), Chocolate (NP), Foods soybean, vegetable fats and oils. Coconut Oil (NP), Ethyl Acetate (XS, NP), Glycerin (NP, X), Miscellaneous specialty foods Starch (NP, SNP), Syrup (NP) Textile Mill Establishments engaged in Amyl Acetate (XS, NP), Carbon Disulfide (XS, NP), Castor Oil Products manufacturing, preparing, dyeing, (NP, X), Sodium Silicate (NP), Starch (NP, SNP) finishing and coating various fibers and/or fabrics Paper & Allied Manufacturing of paper and allied Black liquor (NP), Fuel Oils (X, NP) Products products from pulp and other fibers Misc. Manufacturers of coated, glazed, or Adhesives (NP), Pitch (NP), Printing Inks (NP, X, XLW), Converted varnished paper from purchased Rubber Cement (NP), Sodium Silicate (NP), Starch (NP, SNP), Paper paper stock; bags, envelopes, etc. Varnish (NP) Products Printing & Establishments engaged in printing Adhesives (NP), Glue (NP), Glycerin (NP, X), Ink (XLW, NP, Publishing or publishing newspapers, books, X), Rubber Cement (NP) periodicals Industrial Establishments engaged in Acetone (XS), Ammonia (LG), Ammonium Hydroxide (NP), Inorganic producing basic chemicals and Amyl Alcohol (X, NP), Benzene (XS), Butyl Alcohol (X, NP), Chemicals establishments manufacturing by Carbon Disulfide (XS, NP), Carbon Tetrachloride (XS, NP, chemical processes SNP), Coal Tar (NP), Glycerin (NP, X) Plastics & Chemical establishments engaged in Alkyd Resins (NP), Castor Oil (X, NP), Dioctyl Phthalate (NP, manufacturing of plastics and Synthetics XS), Ethylene Dichloride (XS), Formaldehyde (SNP), Glycerin synthetic resins, rubbers and organic (X, NP), Isopropyl Acetate (XS), Linseed Oil (NP), fibers Methanol (XS), Methylene Chloride (XS), Phenol (NP, XS), Phthalic Anhydride (NP), Plasticizer (NP), Propylene Glycol (X, NP), Resins (XS, NP), Soybean Oil (NP), Styrene (NP, XS), Tall Oil (NP, SNP), Triethanolamine (NP), Vinyl Acetate (X), Xylene (XS) Drugs Establishments engaged in Acetone (XS), Ammonia (LG), Amyl Alcohol (X, NP), Benzene manufacturing pharmaceuticals and (XS), Butyl Alcohol (X, NP), Carbon Disulfide (XS, NP), Castor medical chemicals Oil (X, NP), Coal Tar (NP), Coconut Oil (NP), Ethyl Acetate (XS, NP), Ethyl Alcohol (XS, NP), Ethylene Glycol (X, NP), Freon (LG), Glycerin (X, NP), Starch (NP, SNP), Syrup (NP)

www.blackmer.com

COMMON USAGE OF BLACKMER PUMPS BY STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION


SIC No. 284 Title Soap, Cleaners, & Toilet Goods Description Establishments engaged in manufacturing of cleaning agents and cosmetics LIQUIDS PUMPED Pump series used most frequently shown in ( ) Acetone (XS), Ammonium Hydroxide (NP), Amyl Alcohol (X, NP), Butyl Alcohol (X, NP), Carbon Disulfide (XS, NP), Castor Oil (X, NP), Coconut Oil (NP), Ethyl Acetate (XS, NP), Ethyl Alcohol (XS, NP), Methylene Chloride (XS), Sodium Silicate (NP), Starch (NP, SNP), Syrup (NP) Acetone (XS), Alkyd Resins (NP), Benzene (XS), Butadiene (LG), Butyl Alcohol (X, NP), Carbon Disulfide (XS, NP), Carbon Tetrachloride (XS, NP), Castor Oil (NP, X), Coal Tar (NP), Coconut Oil (NP), Enamel (XLW, NP), Ethyl Acetate (XS, NP), Ethylene Glycol (X, NP), Fatty Acid (SNP), Latex (XLW, SNP), Methylene Chloride (XS), Paint (XLW), Resins (NP, XS), Varnish (NP) Ammonium Hydroxide (NP), Phosphoric Acid (SNP)

285

Paints, Establishments engaged in the Varnishes, manufacture of paints, varnishes, Lacquers, lacquers and enamels Enamels and Allied Products

287

Agricultural Chemicals

289

29

30

33

34

35

36

371

372 373 390

490

Establishments engaged in manufacturing of fertilizers, agricultural pesticides and other agricultural chemicals Misc. Chemical Establishments engaged in Acetone (XS), Adhesives (NP), Alkyd Resins (NP), Products manufacturing miscellaneous chemical Ammonium Hydroxide (NP), Butyl Alcohol (X, NP), Carbon Tetrachloride (XS, NP), Ethyl Acetate (XS, NP), Ethyl preparations Alcohol (XS, NP, Ethylene Glycol (X, NP), Glycerin (X, NP), Sodium Silicate (NP) Petroleum Establishments engaged in petroleum Asphalt (VNP, NP, SNP), Fuel Oils (X, NP), Gasoline (X), Refining & refining, manufacturing of paving and Grease-Lubricating (NP, X), Lube Oil (NP, X) Related roofing materials Adhesives (NP), Alkyd Resins (NP), Carbon Disulfide (XS, Rubber and Establishments engaged in manufacturing products made of rubber NP), Castor Oil (X, NP), Ethyl Alcohol (XS, NP), Ethylene Misc. Plastic or plastic Glycol (X, NP), Latex (XLW, SNP), Resins (NP, XS) Products Primary Metal Smelting, refining, and forming of Fuel Oils (X, NP), Lubricating Greases & Oils (X, NP) Industry ferrous and nonferrous metals from ores, pig, or scrap Fabricated Fabricators of cans, tinware, hand Alkyd Resins (NP), Ammonium Hydroxide (NP), Carbon Metal Products tools, hardware and plumbing fixtures Tetrachloride (XS, NP), Caustic (SNP, NP), Enamel (XLW, NP), Paint (XLW) Non-electrical Establishments in the manufacturing of Caustics (SNP, NP), Grease-Lubricating (NP, X), Machine machinery and equipment, other than Hydraulic Oils (X, NP), Oils-Lubricating (X, NP), Paint Manufacturing electrical equipment (XLW). (These industries are often OEM users of Lube Oil Pumps) Caustic (SNP, NP), Enamel (XLW, NP), Transformer Oil Electrical Establishments engaged in (X, NP), Varnish (NP) Machinery manufacturing machinery and Equipment & equipment used in generating, storage, or transmission of electricity Supplies Motor Vehicles Manufacturing of motor vehicle parts Alkyd Resins (NP), Ammonium Hydroxide (NP), Enamel & Equipment and equipment (XLW, NP), Fuel Oils (X, NP), Glycerin (X, NP), GreaseLubricating (NP, X), Lube Oil (X, NP), Paint (XLW) Aircraft & Parts Manufacturing and assembly of Adhesives (NP), Alkyd Resins (NP), Fuel Oils (X, NP) complete aircraft and related parts Ship & Boat Building and repairing of all types of Adhesives (NP), Alkyd Resins (NP), Enamel (XLW, NP), Building ships, barges and other water craft Resins (XS, NP) Miscellaneous Establishments engaged in Alkyd Resins (NP), Ammonium Hydroxide (NP), Carbon Manufacturing manufacturing products not elsewhere Tetrachloride (XS, NP), Caustic (SNP, NP), Coat Tar (NP), Industries classified (e.g. Jewelry, Toys, Musical Enamel (XLW, NP), Grease-Lubricating (NP, X), Lube Oil (X, NP), Paint (XLW), Resins (XS, NP) instruments) Electric, Gas & Establishments engaged in generation, Fuel Oils (X, NP), Lubricating Greases & Oils (X, NP) Sanitary transmission, and distribution of gas, Services electricity, or sewage

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Descripcin de los Cdigos SIC de Actividades


Se utiliza el sistema de nomenclatura comercial internacional internacional Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). Este sistema permite identificar y clasificar todo tipo de actividades comerciales de acuerdo con la estructura de la economa espaola.

Cmo utilizar los Cdigos SIC


Utilice el sistema de clasificacin internacional SIC para: Localizar proveedores, identificando las empresas que estn elaborando o comercialilzando el producto o servicio en el que usted est interesado. Determinar cmo estn clasificados sus clientes, e identificar otros clientes potenciales dentro del mismo SIC (Actividad). Identificar nuevos mercados para sus productos o servicios, donde usted actualmente no tiene clientes, o donde desea expandirse. Preparar estudios de mercado, establecer polticas de marketing, dirigir el desarrollo de la compaa. Concentrar los esfuerzos de su fuerza de ventas, en promociones, acciones de marketing directo, etc. Dirigindolas hacia las empresas que constituyan sus clientes potenciales.

Niveles de clasificacin
Cada SIC consiste en un Cdigo de 4 dgitos, cada uno de los cuales representa un nivel ms especfico de actividad. Los dos primeros dgitos hacen referencia a la actividad genrica de cada empresa; los dos siguientes especifican dicha actividad. 05 0584 grupo subgrupo

En la tabla numrica, para facilitar la identificacin, las actividades genricas estn dentro de un recuadro. Los grupos generales estn en maysculas.

0214

Produccin y engorde de ganado ovino y caprino Ganadera en general Granjas lecheras Produccin y engorde de pollos Huevos de gallina Pavos y huevos de pavo Incubadora y criadero de aves Volatera y huevos SC Animales para pieles Caballos Especialidades animales SC Granjas en general SERVICIOS PARA AGRICULTURA Servicios de preparacin de la tierra Plantacin, cultivo, viveros, irrigacin Labores cosecheras Servicios de tratamiento de cosechas Desmotadores de algodn Servicios para cultivo SC Servicios de veterinaria para el ganado Servicio de veterinaria para animales domsticos Servicios para ganadera Servicios de especialidades animales Contratistas de mano de obra agroganadera Servicios para gestin de granjas Asesoramiento en jardinera Servicios de jardinera Servicios de ornamentacin y arboristera

0843 0849 0851 09 0912 0913 0919 0921 0971

Extraccin de resinas de pino Obtencin de productos forestales SC Servicios forestales CAZA Y PESCA Pescados Mariscos Productos diversos del mar Criaderos y viveros de pescados Caza comercial y cotos

1213 13 1311 1321 1381 1382 1389

Servicios para la minera de lignitos y hulla PETRLEO Y GAS NATURAL Petrleo crudo y gas natural Gas natural lquido Perforacin de pozos de petrleo y gas Servicios de exploracin petrolfera y de gas Servicios para la industria del petrleo y gas SC

01 09
01 0111 0112 0115 0116 0119 0131 0132 0133 0134 0139 0161 0171 0172 0173 0174 0175 0179 0181 0182 0189 0191 02 0211 0212 0213 Trigo Arroz Maz

Agricultura, Silvicultura, Ganadera y Pesca

0219 0241 0251 0252 0253 0254 0259 0271 0272 0279 0291 07 0711 0721 0722 0723 0724 0729 0741 0742 0751 0752 0761 0762 0781 0782 0783

AGRICULTURA

Habas, judas, soja, etc. Granos SC Algodn Tabaco Azcar de caa y remolacha Patatas Productos del campo, excepto granos SC Verduras y melones Frutas silvestres Viedos Frutos secos Ctricos Otras frutas de rbol perecederas Otros frutos SC Floricultura ornamental y semillas Frutos y vegetales de cultivo en invernadero Especialidades hortcolas SC Agricultura en general GANADERA Engorde en establo de ganado bovino o vacuno Produccin y engorde de ganado bovino o vacuno Produccin y engorde de ganado porcino

10 14
10 1011 1021 1031 1041 1044 1051 1061 1081 1092 1094 1099 11 1111 1112 12 1211

14

MINERA Y EXPLOTACIN DE YACIMIENTOS MINERALES NO METLICOS

Minera
1411

Canteras de mrmol y piedra dimensionada Piedra caliza Piedra granito Piedras SC Arena y gravilla para la construccin Arena industrial Arcilla refractaria Tierra de batn Caoln Arcilla, cermica y minerales refractarios SC Barita Minerales qumicos, flor Potasa, sosa y minerales de borato Roca de fosfato Sal gema Azufre Minera qumica y fertilizantes SC Servicios para la minera no metlica Yesos Talco y jabn de sastre Diversos minerales no metlicos SC

MINERALES METLICOS Mineral de hierro Mineral de cobre Minerales de plomo y zinc Mineral de oro Mineral de plata Bauxita y otros minerales de aluminio Minerales de aleacin de hierro Servicio a la minera de metales Mineral de Mercurio Mineral de uranio, vanadio y radio Minerales SC ANTRACITA Antracita Servicios a la minera de antracita CARBN (LIGNITO Y HULLA) Extraccin de hulla y lignito (carbn, bituminosos) 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 1479 1481 1492 1496 1499 1422 1423 1429 1442 1446 1453 1454 1455 1459

08 0811 0821

SILVICULTURA Explotacin de zonas madereras Plantaciones forestales

2021

Mantequilla Queso natural y procesado Leche condensada, en polvo y evaporada

2131 2141 22 2211 2221 2231 2241 2251 2252 2253 2254 2257 2258 2259 2261 2262 2269 2271 2272 2279 2281 2282 2283 2284 2291 2292 2293 2294 2295 2296 2297 2298 2299 23 2311 2321 2322 2323 2327 2328 2329 2331 2335 2337 2339 2341 2342

Tabaco Tratamiento y secado de tabaco INDUSTRIA TEXTIL Tejidos de algodn Tejidos de seda y fibras sintticas Tejidos de lana Pasamanera, cintas y vendas Medias Calcetines Prendas exteriores de punto Prendas interiores de punto Gneros de punto en maquinaria circular Gneros de punto en maquinaria rectilnea Gneros de punto SC Tintes, aprestos y acabados de tejidos de algodn Tintes y acabados de tejidos sintticos o artificiales Tintes y acabados de hilados y tejidos SC Alfombras y moquetas Alfombras y esteras de nudo Alfombras y esteras SC Hilados de algodn, seda y fibras sintticas Hilados y torcidos de algodn, seda y fibras sintticas Hilados y torcidos de lana Hilos para coser Productos de fieltro Encajes y blondas Tapiceras y forros Borras y desperdicios textiles procesados Tejidos recubiertos especiales Hilos y telas para neumticos Telas sin tejer Cordelera y redes Productos textiles SC

2361 2363 2369 2371 2381 2384 2385 2386 2387 2389 2391 2392 2393 2394 2395 2396 2397 2399 24 2411 2421 2426 2429 2431 2434 2435 2436 2439 2441 2448 2449 2451 2452 2491 2492

Vestidos, blusas y camisas infantiles Abrigos y trajes infantiles Prendas exteriores para nias, nios y bebs SC Peletera fina Guantes excepto de punto Batas Impermeables Prendas de cuero Cinturones Otras prendas y accesorios SC Cortinas y visillos Lencera para el hogar Sacos de fibras textiles Artculos de lona Textiles tratados Paquetera, pasamanera y relacionados Bordados a mquina Productos fabricados de textiles SC INDUSTRIA DE LA MADERA Tala de rboles Aserraderos de madera Aserraderos de maderas duras Aserraderos de productos especiales Carpintera mecnica Armarios de madera para cocina y bao Chapados y contrachapados de maderas duras Chapados y contrachapados de maderas blandas Estructuras de madera SC Cajas de madera Rodillos y calzos de madera Contenedores de madera SC Casas transportables Casas prefabricadas de madera y sus elementos Productos para tratamiento y conservacin de la madera Tableros de madera (aglomerados) Productos de madera y corcho SC MUEBLE Y MOBILIARIO Muebles de madera Muebles de madera tapizados Muebles de metal para el hogar Colchones y somieres Muebles y cajas para televisin, radio y mquinas de coser en madera Muebles domsticos SC Muebles de madera para oficina Muebles de metal para oficina Muebles para edificios pblicos Estanteras y divisiones de madera Estanteras y divisiones de metal Persianas, toldos y visillos Mobiliario y muebles auxiliares SC PAPEL Y DERIVADOS Fbricas de pulpa (pasta de papel) Fbricas de papel, excepto para construccin

15 17
15

Construccin y Contratas

2022 2023 2024

Helados y postres congelados Leche lquida, yogures y productos lcteos en general Especialidades en conserva (bebs y diettica) Conservas de frutas y vegetales, mermeladas y zumos Vegetales, frutas y sopas, secas o deshidratadas Frutas y verduras en salmuera, mayonesas y salsas Frutas y verduras congeladas Especialidades congeladas Harinas, smolas y otros productos de grano Alimentos a base de cereales Molinos de arroz Harina mezclada y preparada Molinos de maz Alimentos para animales domsticos Alimentos preparados para animales no domsticos Pan y productos de pastelera excepto galletas Galletas y afines Azcar de caa Refinera de azcar de caa Azcar de remolacha Dulces, caramelos y confitera Productos de chocolate y derivados Goma de mascar Aceite de semillas de algodn Aceite de soja Aceite vegetal excepto maz, semillas de algodn, soja y oliva Grasas, aceites animales y harina de pescado Aceites de mesa, margarina y productos grasos y olecolas comestibles

CONSTRUCCIONES DE OBRAS Y CONTRATAS

2026 2032 2033 2034 2035 2037

1521 1522 1531 1541 1542 16

Contratistas de viviendas unifamiliares Contratistas de edificios residenciales Promotores de obras Construccin de edificios industriales Contratistas generales SC CONSTRUCCIONES PESADAS Y CONTRATAS

2038 2041 2043 2044 2045 2046 2047 2048

1611 1622 1623 1629 17 1711 1721 1731 1741 1742 1743 1751 1752 1761 1771 1781 1791 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1799

Autopistas, carreteras, calzadas y pistas Puentes, tneles y vas elevadas Alcantarillados, conducciones de agua y electricidad Construcciones pesadas SC CONTRATISTAS ESPECIALIZADOS Fontanera, calefaccin y aire acondicionado Pintores, empapeladores y decoradores Instalaciones elctricas Albailera Trabajos acsticos y aislantes Terrazo, mosaicos, tejas y mrmol Carpinteros Revestimiento de suelos y similares SC Techados y trabajos en chapa galvanizada Trabajos con hormign Aguas, sondeos y pozos Estructuras de acero Trabajos en cristalera y vidriera Excavaciones y cimientos Trabajos de derribo y demolicin Instalaciones de equipo para construccin SC Alquiler de maquinaria para la construccin Contratistas especializados SC 2087 2082 2083 2084 2085 2086 2079 2077 2052 2061 2062 2063 2065 2066 2067 2074 2075 2076 2051

PRENDAS CONFECCIONADAS Trajes, gabardinas y abrigos para caballero y nio Camisas, pijamas para caballero y nio Ropa interior para caballero y nio Corbatas, bufandas y pauelos de cuello Pantalones para caballero y nio Prendas laborales y uniformes Prendas para caballero y nio SC Blusas y camisas para seora y nia Vestidos para seora Trajes, abrigos y faldas para seora Prendas exteriores para seora y nia SC Prendas interiores para seora, nia y bebs Corsetera Sombrerera de moda para seora Sombreros excepto de moda para seora

2499 25 2511 2512 2514 2515 2517 2519 2521 2522 2531 2541 2542 2591 2599 26 2611 2621

Cerveza Malta Vinos, cavas, sidras y brandy Licores Bebidas refrescantes, aguas minerales y bebidas no alcohlicas Extractos, jarabes y aditivos para alimentacin Conservas de pescado y frutos de mar Pescados y productos del mar frescos y congelados Caf Hielo Pastas alimenticias: macarrones, fideos y otros Preparados alimenticios SC FABRICANTES DE TABACO Cigarrillos Puros

20 39
20 2011 2013 2016 2017

2091

Fabricantes
2092 2095 2097 2098 2099 21 2111 2121

INDUSTRIA ALIMENTARIA Mataderos y salas de despiece excepto avcola Embutidos, jamones y otros productos crnicos Mataderos y salas de despiece avcolas Elaboradores de productos de volatera y huevos

2351 2352

2631 2641 2642 2643 2645 2646 2647 2648 2649 2651 2652 2653 2654 2655 2661

Fbricas de cartn, excepto para construccin Papeles recubiertos y/o satinados, cintas y etiquetas Sobres Bolsas Papel, cartn, cartulina y troquelados Productos prensados y moldeados de pulpa Productos sanitarios de papel Papel de escritorio Manipulados de papel SC Cajas plegables de cartn Cajas no plegables de cartn Cajas de cartn ondulado Envases para artculos alimenticios Tubos, tambores y productos relacionados Papeles y cartones especiales para la construccin

2851 2861 2865 2869 2873 2874 2875 2879 2891 2892 2893 2895 2899 29 2911 2951 2952 2992 2999 30 3011 3021 3031 3041 3069 3079 31 3111 3131 3142 3143 3144 3149 3151 3161 3171 3172 3199 32

Pinturas, barnices, lacas y esmaltes Productos qumicos destilados de resina y madera Productos cclicos intermedios, tintes y pigmentos Productos qumicos orgnicos industriales SC Fertilizantes nitrogenados Fertilizantes fosfatados Fertilizantes mixtos Pesticidas y productos qumicos agrcolas SC Adhesivos, colas y pegamentos Explosivos Tintas para artes grficas Negro de humo Productos qumicos SC PETRLEO Y SUS DERIVADOS Refinera de petrleo Bloques y preparados de alquitrn Productos asflticos Aceites lubricantes y grasas Derivados del petrleo SC PRODUCTOS DE GOMA Y PLSTICO Neumticos y cmaras Calzados de goma y plstico Regeneradora de caucho Correas, mangueras y tuberas de goma y plstico Artculos fabricados de caucho SC Artculos plsticos diversos SC CUERO Y DERIVADOS Tenera y acabado de cuero Piezas de cuero para el calzado Zapatillas Calzados para caballero Calzados para seora Calzados de cuero SC Guantes Maletas y estuches Bolsos de piel Marroquinera Artculos de cuero SC

3269 3271 3272 3273 3274 3275 3281 3291 3292 3293 3295 3296 3297 3299

Alfarera ornamental e industrial Ladrillos y bloques de hormign Prefabricados de hormign Hormign preparado Cal y yeso Productos de yeso Piedra trabajada, mrmol Productos abrasivos Amianto y derivados Juntas y embalajes Minerales molidos Lana mineral Refractarios, excepto de arcilla Productos minerales no metlicos SC

3433 3441 3442 3443 3444 3446 3448 3449 3451 3452 3462 3463 3465 3466 3469 3471 3479 3482 3483 3484 3489 3493 3494 3495 3496 3497 3498 3499 35 3511 3519 3523 3524 3531 3532 3533 3534 3535 3536 3537

Equipos para calefaccin excepto hornos elctricos Estructuras de metal Puertas, marcos, bastidores y molduras Fabricados de planchas de metal (calderera) Trabajos de carpintera metlica Trabajos metlicos de ornamentacin y arquitectura Elementos de metal prefabricados Trabajos metlicos diversos Productos de torno de rosca Tornillera, tuercas y arandelas Forjas de hierro y acero Forjas de metales no frricos Estampaciones para automviles Cierres de metal y tampones corona Estampaciones metlicas SC Galvanoplastia Acabados y recubrimientos metlicos SC Municiones de pequeo calibre Municiones excepto de pequeo calibre SC Armas de pequeo calibre Artillera y accesorios Muelles de acero Vlvulas y accesorios para tuberas Muelles de alambre espiral Productos varios fabricados de alambre Hojas de metal Tuberas metlicas Productos metlicos SC MAQUINARIA Turbinas y generadores hidrulicos, de vapor, aire y gas Motores de combustin interna Maquinaria y equipo para la agricultura Maquinaria y equipo para jardinera Equipo y maquinaria para la construccin Maquinaria para minera Maquinaria para la industria petroqumica Ascensores y escaleras automticas Equipo transportador Gras industriales Tractores, remolques y vagonetas elevadoras Mquinas-herramientas para cortar metales Mquinas-herramientas para trabajar metales Troqueles, matrices y moldes industriales Accesorios para aparatos de medicin Herramientas manuales con fuerza motriz propia Maquinaria y equipo para laminacin metlica

33 3312 3313 3315 3316 3317 3321 3322 3324 3325 3331 3332 3333 3334 3339 3341 3351 3353 3354 3355 3356 3357 3361

SIDERURGIA Fundicin de acero laminado en caliente Fundicin electrometalrgica Trefilados de acero Barras, planchas y tiras de acero laminadas en fro Tubera de acero Fundicin de hierro colado Fundiciones de hierro maleable Fundiciones de acero moldeado Fundicin de acero SC Fundicin primaria del cobre Fundicin del plomo Fundicin del zinc Fundicin primaria del aluminio Fundicin de metales no frricos SC Fundicin secundaria de metales y aleaciones no frricas Laminado, trefilado y extrusin de cobre Hojas, chapas y planchas de aluminio Aluminio extrusionado Laminado y extrusionado de aluminio SC Laminacin y extrusin de metales no frricos Trefilado y recubrimiento aislante de alambre no frrico Fundiciones de aluminio colado Artculos de latn, bronce y cobre Fundiciones no frricas SC Tratamiento trmico de metales Productos de metalurgia SC FABRICACIN DE METAL EXCEPTO MAQUINARIA Y EQUIPOS TRANSPORTE

27 2711 2721 2731 2732 2741 2751 2752 2753 2754 2761 2771 2782 2789 2791 2793 2794 2795 28 2812 2813 2816 2819 2821 2822 2823 2824 2831 2833 2834 2841 2842 2843 2844

EDITORIAL - ARTES GRFICAS Edicin de peridicos Edicin de revistas Edicin de libros y folletos Impresores de libros y folletos Publicaciones diversas SC Imprentas comerciales-textos (tipografa) Imprentas comerciales (litografa) Grabadores de placas para imprenta Grabado y fotograbado Imprentas de papeles para oficina Fabricantes de tarjetas Cuadernos, cubiertas de libros, hojas perforadas, relacionados Encuadernacin Composicin tipogrfica Placas de fotograbado Placas de electrotipia y estereotipia Placas litogrficas y relacionados PRODUCTOS QUMICOS Alcalis y cloro Gases industriales Pigmentos inorgnicos Productos qumicos inorgnicos industriales SC Materiales plsticos, resinas sintticas Goma sinttica Fibras sintticas de celulosa para el textil Fibras sintticas orgnicas para el textil Productos biolgicos (sueros, vacunas) Productos qumicos-farmacuticos Especialidades farmacuticas Jabn, detergentes y productos para la limpieza Productos especiales para limpieza Productos intermedios para el acabado de superficies Perfumes y cosmticos

PRODUCTOS DE PIEDRA, ARCILLA, VIDRIO Y HORMIGN

3362 3369 3398 3399 34

3211 3221 3229 3231 3241 3251 3253 3255 3259 3261 3262 3263 3264

Vidrio plano Envases vidrio Vidrio o cristal prensado o soplado Fabricados de vidrio SC Cemento Ladrillos y tejas estructurales Baldosas y azulejos Refractarios de arcilla Productos estructurales de arcilla SC Porcelana para artculos sanitarios Artculos de porcelana y loza para mesa y cocina Artculos de loza fina para mesa y cocina Artculos de porcelana para uso elctrico

3541 3542 3544 3545 3546 3547

3411 3412 3421 3423 3425 3429 3431 3432

Botes y envases metlicos Contenedores metlicos Cuchillera Herramientas manuales, excepto sierra Sierras y hojas de sierras Artculos de ferretera SC Artculos esmaltados y sanitarios de metal Accesorios para fontanera

3549 3551 3552 3553 3554 3555 3559 3561 3562 3563 3564 3565 3566 3567 3568 3569 3572 3573 3574 3576 3579 3581 3582 3585 3586 3589 3592 3599 36

Maquinaria para trabajar el metal SC Maquinaria para la industria alimentaria Maquinaria textil y accesorios Maquinaria para trabajar la madera Maquinaria para la industria papelera Maquinaria y equipos para imprenta Maquinaria SC Bombas y equipos de bombeo Cojinetes y rodamientos Compresores de aire y gas Compresores, extractores y ventiladores Diseos y matrices industriales Cajas de cambio y engranajes excepto para automviles Hornos y calderas industriales Equipo mecnico de transmisin de fuerza SC Maquinaria y equipo industrial SC Mquinas de escribir Computadoras electrnicas y equipo Calculadoras y mquinas de contabilidad Bsculas y balanzas Mquinas para oficina SC Mquinas expendedoras automticas Maquinaria para lavandera comercial Equipo de aire acondicionado y calefaccin Bombas surtidoras y medidoras para gasolina Mquinas industriales para servicios SC Carburadores, pistones y vlvulas Maquinaria excepto elctrica SC MAQUINARIA ELCTRICA Y ELECTRNICA

3645 3646 3647 3648 3651 3652 3661 3662 3671 3672 3673 3674 3675 3676 3677 3678 3679 3691 3692 3693 3694 3699 37 3711 3713 3714 3715 3721 3724 3728 3731 3732 3743 3751 3761 3764 3769 3792 3795 3799 38

Aparatos y lmparas para alumbrado domstico Aparatos y lmparas para alumbrado industrial Equipos elctricos para vehculos Equipos para alumbrado SC Aparatos de radio, televisin, vdeo y sonido Discos, CDs y cintas magnticas grabadas Aparatos telefnicos y telegrficos Equipo de radio y televisin para telecomunicaciones Vlvulas y tubos electrnicos para receptores de radio y televisin Tubos de rayos catdicos para televisin Vlvulas y tubos electrnicos para uso industrial Semiconductores Capacitadores electrnicos Resistencias para aplicaciones electrnicas Bobinas, transformadores y otros inductores Conectores para aplicaciones electrnicas Antenas y componentes electrnicos SC Bateras y acumuladores Pilas secas Aparatos de electromedicina, rayos X Equipo elctrico para motores de combustin interna Suministros elctricos SC EQUIPOS DE TRANSPORTES Automviles y carroceras para vehculos de turismo Carroceras para camiones y autobuses Recambios y piezas de motor Remolques para camiones Aviones Motores de avin Accesorios para aviones SC Construccin y reparacin de buques Construccin y reparacin de embarcaciones menores Equipo ferroviario Motocicletas, bicicletas y accesorios Cohetes y misiles Propulsores para cohetes y misiles Partes y equipo auxiliar para cohetes y misiles Remolques y vehculos vivienda Carros de combate y acorazados Equipo de transporte SC INSTRUMENTOS DE MEDIDA, ANLISIS, CONTROL, FOTOGRAFA, PTICA Y RELOJES

3822

Controles automticos para regulacin de instalaciones domsticas y comerciales

4171 4172

Terminales para vehculos de transporte de pasajeros Servicio de mantenimiento para vehculos de transporte de pasajeros

3823 3824 3825 3829 3832 3841 3842 3843 3851 3861 3873 39 3911 3914 3915 3931 3942 3944 3949 3951 3952 3953 3955 3961 3962 3963 3964 3991 3993 3995 3996 3999

Controles automticos de procesos industriales Medidores y contadores de fluidos Instrumentos para medicin y ensayo de electricidad Aparatos de medicin y control SC Instrumentos pticos y lentes Instrumentos y aparatos para medicina y ciruga Suministros ortopdicos y quirrgicos Equipo y suministros odontolgicos Equipo oftlmico Equipos fotogrficos y fotocopias Relojes y piezas de relojera FABRICANTES DIVERSOS Joyera y metales preciosos Cubertera de plata, acero inoxidable, platera Piedras preciosas Instrumentos musicales Muecas y accesorios Juegos y juguetes excepto muecas Artculos para deportes Plumas y bolgrafos Lpices y materiales para pintura artstica Rotuladores Papel carbn y cintas entintadas Bisutera Plantas, flores y plumas artificiales Botones Agujas y artculos de mercera Escobas y cepillos Letreros, anuncios y reclamos para publicidad Atades Linleo y otros recubrimientos para suelos Fabricantes diversos SC 46 4582 4583 45 4511 4521 4454 4459 4463 4464 4469 4422 4441 4452 4453 4421 43 4311 44 4411 4212 4213 4214 4221 4222 4224 4225 4226 4231 42

TRANSPORTES DE MERCANCAS POR CARRETERA Y ALMACENAMIENTO Transporte local sin almacenaje Transporte por carretera Transporte local con almacenaje Almacenes de productos agrcolas Almacenes frigorficos de depsito Almacenes de muebles Almacenes generales de depsito Almacenes de depsito especiales SC Terminales y servicios de transporte de mercancas SERVICIO POSTAL Servicio postal TRANSPORTES MARTIMOS Transportes martimos internacionales Transportes entre Espaa continental e insular Transportes de cabotaje e intercostas Transportes por ros y canales Transbordadores Servicio de transferencias y pasajeros en barcos pequeos Servicio de remolcadores Transporte local martimo Cargas y descargas martimas Mantenimiento y servicio de canales Servicios para transportes martimos SC TRANSPORTES AREOS Transportes areos, lneas regulares Transportes areos SC, lneas no regulares Aeropuertos y aerdromos Servicios en terminales de aeropuertos OLEODUCTOS Oleoductos de petrleo crudo Oleoductos de petrleo refinado Oleoductos SC SERVICIOS PARA EL TRANSPORTE Agentes consignatarios Agencias de viajes Agentes de aduanas, fletes y cargas Alquiler de vagones ferroviarios con servicio Alquiler de vagones ferroviarios sin servicio Inspeccin y servicios de pesaje para el transporte Embalaje de mercancas Autopistas, puentes y tneles de peaje Otros servicios anexos para el transporte SC

3612 3613 3621 3622 3623 3624 3629 3631 3632 3633 3634 3635 3636 3639 3641 3643 3644

Transformadores, distribuidores excepto porttiles Cuadros de distribucin y conmutadores Motores y generadores Controles industriales Aparatos de soldadura elctrica Productos de carbn y grafito Aparatos elctricos industriales SC Cocinas domsticas, hornos y microondas Frigorficos congeladores domsticos Lavadoras y secadoras domsticas Aparatos elctricos para uso domstico Aspiradoras para el hogar Mquinas de coser Calentadores de agua, lavaplatos y otros aparatos domsticos SC Bombillas y fluorescentes Cables elctricos, conductores, interruptores, enchufes, etc. Aislantes elctricos

40 49
40 4011 4013 4041 41 4111 4119 4121 4131 4141 4142 4151

Transportes, Comunicaciones y Servicios Pblicos

4612 4613 4619 47

TRANSPORTES FERROVIARIOS Lneas ferroviarias Equipamiento de estaciones Servicio de ferrocarriles TRANSPORTES DE PASAJEROS Trnsito urbano y suburbano Transporte urbano de pasajeros SC Taxis Transporte de pasajeros por carretera Transportes de pasajeros en servicios discrecionales Transporte discrecional, no urbano Servicio de transportes escolares

4712 4722 4723 4742 4743 4782 4783 4784 4789

3811

Instrumentos y equipos para ingenieros y laboratorios

48 4811 4821 4832 4833 4899 49

COMUNICACIONES Comunicaciones telefnicas Comunicaciones telegrficas Emisoras de radio Emisoras de televisin Otros servicios de comunicacin SC SERVICIOS DE AGUA, ELECTRICIDAD, GAS Y SANITARIOS

5087 5088 5093 5094 5099 51

Equipos y suministros para establecimientos de servicio Suministros y equipos para transporte Desperdicios y chatarras Joyera y relojera Mercancas varias no perecederas SC MAYORISTAS DE MERCANCIAS PERECEDERAS

5422 5423 5431 5441 5451 5462 5463 5499

Carnes congeladas y empaquetadas Carniceras y pescaderas Fruteras y verduleras Confiteras y pasteleras Lecheras y mantequeras Panaderas con horno Panaderas sin horno Productos alimenticios diversos y herboristera

5962 5963 5982 5983 5984 5992 5993 5994 5999

Mquinas automticas de venta Establecimientos de venta directa Combustibles y hielo Fuel-oil Gas lquido embotellado Floristeras Expendeduras de tabacos Peridicos y revistas Detallistas diversos SC

4911 4922 4923 4924 4925 4931 4932 4939 4941 4952 4953 4959 4961 4971

Produccin y servicios elctricos Transporte de gas natural Transmisin y distribucin de gas natural Distribucin de gas natural Produccin de gas petrolfero lquido Electricidad y otros servicios combinados Gas y otros servicios combinados Empresas combinadas de servicios pblicos SC Abastecimiento de aguas Depuracin de aguas residuales Recogida y tratamiento de basura Servicios sanitarios SC Distribucin y produccin de vapor Sistemas de riego 5111 5112 5113 5122 5133 5134 5136 5137 5139 5141 5142 5143 5144 5145 5146 5147 5148 5149

Papel para imprenta y para escribir Suministros de papelera Papel para uso personal e industria Droguera, perfumera y farmacia Tejidos Artculos de mercera y lencera Confecciones para caballero y nio Confecciones para seora y nia Calzados Comestibles en general Alimentos congelados Productos lcteos Volatera Confitera Pescados y mariscos Carnes y productos crnicos Frutas frescas y verduras Comestibles y productos relacionados SC Algodn Cereales (granos) Ganado Productos de granjas y materias primas SC Productos qumicos Surtidores y terminales de petrleo Petrleo y productos petrolferos Cervezas Vinos y bebidas alcohlicas Abonos, insecticidas y fertilizantes Tabaco y productos de tabaco Pinturas y barnices Productos diversos perecederos SC

55

CONCESIONARIOS DE AUTOMVILES, GASOLINERAS Y ESTACIONES DE SERVICIO

5511 5521 5531 5541 5551 5561 5571 5599 56 5611 5621 5631 5641 5651 5661 5681 5699

Concesionarios de automviles nuevos y usados Automviles usados Suministros para el automvil Estaciones de servicio y gasolineras Embarcaciones Remolques para recreo y servicio Motocicletas Automocin SC 61 DETALLISTAS DE PRENDAS DE VESTIR Confecciones y complementos para caballeros Trajes, abrigos, vestidos para seora Accesorios y especialidades para seora Confecciones infantiles Confecciones en general Calzados Peleteras Confecciones y complementos diversos SC 63 6311 6321 6324 6331 6351 6361 6371 6399 64 6411 6231 6281 6221 62 6211 6111 6057 6058 60 6011 6052

60 67

Finanzas, Seguros y Bienes Races

BANCOS - CAJAS DE AHORROS Bancos comerciales Establecimientos de cambio de divisas Bancos extranjeros Cajas de ahorro FINANCIERAS Financieras en general AGENCIAS DE CAMBIO Y BOLSA Dealers y brokers de valores en bolsa (securities) Dealers y brokers de primeras materias (comodities) Bolsa de valores y mercancas Servicios para inversiones burstiles SEGUROS Y REASEGUROS Seguros de vida Seguros de accidentes y enfermedad Mutualidad hospitalaria y mdica Seguros de incendio, martimos y otros riesgos Seguros contra riesgos financieros Seguros con ttulo de propiedad Fondos de pensiones, salud y bienestar Aseguradoras SC AGENCIAS DE SEGUROS Agencias de seguros, brokers de seguros y servicios

50 51
50

Mayoristas

5152 5153 5154 5159 5161 5171 5172 5181 5182 5191 5194 5198 5199

MAYORISTAS DE MERCANCAS NO PERECEDERAS

5012 5013 5014 5021 5023 5031 5039 5041 5042 5043 5051 5052 5063 5064 5065 5072 5074 5075 5078 5081 5082 5083 5084 5085 5086

Automviles y otros vehculos de motor Recambios y accesorios para automviles Neumticos y cmaras Muebles Artculos para el hogar Maderas y chapas Materiales para la construccin SC Artculos para deporte y recreo Juguetes y pasatiempos Material fotogrfico Metales Carbn y minerales Material elctrico Electrodomsticos Equipos y suministros electrnicos Ferretera Suministros para fontanera Suministros para aire acondicionado y calefaccin Equipos frigorficos Maquinaria comercial y computadoras Maquinaria para la construccin y minera Maquinaria para la agricultura y jardinera Maquinaria y equipo industrial Suministros industriales Equipos y suministros para profesionales

57

DETALLISTAS DE MUEBLES, UTENSILIOS Y ARTCULOS PARA EL HOGAR

5712 5713 5714 5719 5722 5732 5733

Muebles Recubrimientos para suelos Cortinas, visillos y tapicera Artculos diversos para el hogar Electrodomsticos Aparatos de radio y televisin Instrumentos y equipos musicales, discos

52 59
52

Detallistas
58 5812 BARES Y RESTAURANTES Restaurantes Bares y cafeteras DETALLISTAS DE ARTICULOS DIVERSOS 5912 5921 5931 5941 5942 5943 5944 5945 5946 5947 5948 5949 5961 Farmacias Vinos, licores y cervezas Artculos usados, antigedades Artculos para deporte y bicicletas Libreras Papeleras Joyeras Jugueteras Cmaras y suministros fotogrficos Objetos de regalo Artculos de viaje y marroquinera Mercera y artculos para modistera Vendedores por correspondencia

DETALLISTAS DE MATERIALES PARA LA CONSTRUCCIN Y FERRETERA

5813 59

65 6512 6513 6514

BIENES RACES Propietarios-administradores de edificios industriales y/o comerciales Propietarios-administradores de edificios de apartamentos Propietarios-administradores de edificios residenciales, no apartamentos

5211 5231 5251 5261 5271 53 5311 5331 5399 54 5411

Madera y materiales para la construccin Pintura, vidrio y papeles pintados Ferretera Suministros para jardinera Casas transportables ALMACENES Y BAZARES Grandes almacenes Bazares Tiendas de mercancas en general SC DETALLISTAS DE ALIMENTACIN Tiendas de comestibles y supermercados

6515

Propietarios-administradores de zonas residenciales para autocaravanas

6517 6519 6531

Arrendadores de propiedades pblicas Propietarios-administradores de bienes races SC Agencias inmobiliarias, administradores de fincas

6541 6552 6553

Agencias de patentes y marcas Urbanizadoras y promotoras Urbanizadoras y promotoras de cementerios

7333 7339 7341 7342 7349 7351 7361 7362 7369 7372 7374 7379 7391 7392 7393 7394 7395 7396

Fotografa comercial Servicios de estenografa y duplicacin SC Servicios de limpieza de ventanas y escaparates Desinfeccin y fumigacin Servicios de limpieza y conservacin de edificios Agencias de noticias Agencias de colocacin Agencias de empleo provisional Servicios de personal SC Programacin de ordenadores y software Proceso de datos y centros de clculo Servicios relacionados con computacin SC Laboratorios de investigacin y desarrollo Asesora y relaciones pblicas de empresas Servicios de seguridad, detectives Alquiler y leasing Laboratorios fotogrficos Cupones para el hogar Laboratorios para pruebas comerciales

7814 7819 7823 7824 7829 7832 7833 79

Produccin de pelculas para TV Servicios relacionados con la produccin de pelculas Alquiler de pelculas cinematogrficas Distribucin de pelculas para televisin Servicios relacionados con la distribucin de pelculas Cines Cines al aire libre, autocines SERVICIOS PARA EL ENTRETENIMIENTO Y OCIO

8249 8299 83 8321 8331 8351 8361 8399 84

Escuelas de artes y oficios SC Escuelas y servicios educativos SC SERVICIOS SOCIALES Servicios sociales Centros de entrenamiento para el trabajo Guarderas Establecimientos residenciales para cuidados y rehabilitacin Servicios sociales SC MUSEOS, GALERAS DE ARTE, JARDINES BOTNICOS Y ZOOLGICOS

66 6611

EMPRESAS MIXTAS Seguros y prstamos inmobiliarios y asesora legal

67 6711 6722 6724 6725 6732 6733 6792 6793 6794 6799

SOCIEDADES DE CARTERA (HOLDINGS) Compaa holding Asesoramiento de inversiones Compaa de inversiones Fondo de inversiones Fundaciones educacionales, religiosas y benficas Grupos de inversin SC Concesionarios petrolferos Comercio internacional de materias primas, comercio exterior Propietarios y arrendadores de patentes y marcas Sociedades de cartera SC

7911 7922 7929 7932 7933 7941 7948 7992 7993 7996 7997 7999 80 8011 8021 8031 8041 8042 8049 8051 8059 8062 8063 8069 8071 8072 8081 8091 81 8111 82 8211 8221 8222 8231 8241 8243 8244

Discotecas Compaas de teatro Actores, msicos y conjuntos animadores Billares Boleras Clubes deportivos Organizacin de carreras Campos de golf Mquinas tragaperras para recreo Parques de atracciones Clubes deportivos y recreativos, exclusivamente para socios Servicios de diversin y recreativos SC SERVICIOS SANITARIOS INDIVIDUALES Medicina general, ciruga y oftalmologa Dentistas Osteopata Quiroprcticos Optometristas Oficinas mdicas SC Residencias mdicas, excepto hospitales Servicios de asistencia mdica SC incluyendo residencias de ancianos Hospitales de medicina general y ciruga Hospitales psiquitricos Hospitales especializados SC Laboratorios de anlisis y rayos X Laboratorios protsicos dentales Centros extrahospitalarios y/o de rehabilitacin Servicios mdicos SC SERVICIOS LEGALES Servicios legales SERVICIOS EDUCATIVOS Colegios elementales y secundarios Universidades, colegios mayores, altas escuelas profesionales Institutos y escuelas tcnicas superiores Bibliotecas privadas y otros centros de consulta Centros de enseanza por correspondencia Escuelas de informtica Academias comerciales y de secretariado 99 9999 9711 9721 9211 9223 9224 97 9111 9121 92 91 8931 8999 8922 8811 89 8911 8611 8621 8631 8641 8651 8661 8699 88 8411 8421 86

Museos y galeras de arte Jardines botnicos y zoolgicos ORGANIZACIONES MUTUALISTAS Asociaciones comerciales Colegios profesionales Sindicatos laborales Asociaciones cvicas sociales Organizaciones polticas Organizaciones religiosas Organizaciones mutualistas SC SERVICIOS DOMSTICOS PARA EL HOGAR Servicios domsticos para el hogar SERVICIOS DIVERSOS Oficinas tcnicas de ingeniera y arquitectura Organismos de investigacin, educacin y cientficos sin fines lucrativos Auditoras Servicios SC

70 89
70 7011 7021 7032 7033 7041 72 7211 7212 7213 7214 7215 7216 7217 7218 7219 7221 7231 7241 7251 7261 7299 73 7311 7312 7313 7319 7321 7331 7332 HOSTELERA Hoteles

Servicios

7397 7399 75

Servicios comerciales SC REPARACIONES Y SERVICIOS RELACIONADOS CON EL AUTOMVIL

Pensiones y casas de huspedes Campamentos deportivos y recreativos Campings y parques de autocaravanas Hoteles y pensiones para asociados 7523 SERVICIOS PERSONALES Lavanderas comerciales Planchado y limpieza en seco de ropa Servicios de ropa blanca Tratamientos especiales de ropa, ennapado y cepillado Lavanderas automticas Limpieza en seco Limpieza de alfombras y tapiceras Lavanderos industriales Servicios de lavandera y para la ropa SC Estudios fotogrficos Salones de belleza Peluquera para caballeros Reparacin de zapatos Servicios funerarios Servicios personales diversos SC SERVICIOS COMERCIALES Agencias de publicidad general Publicidad exterior Venta de espacios publicitarios Servicios de publicidad SC Agencias de informacin comercial y cobro de crditos Servicios de reparto de correspondencia y publicidad directa Servicios de fotocopias 78 7813 7623 7629 7631 7641 7692 7694 7699 7622 76 7542 7549 7539 7535 7538 7531 7534 7525 7513 7519 7512

Alquiler de automviles de turismo sin conductor Alquiler de camiones sin conductor Alquiler de remolques para transporte y recreo Aparcamientos al aire libre Aparcamientos en edificios y locales subterrneos Talleres de reparacin de carroceras Reparacin y recauchutado de neumticos Talleres de pintado Reparaciones de automocin en general Talleres de reparaciones de automocin SC Lavado de automviles Servicios para automocin SC SERVICIOS DE REPARACIONES E INSTALACIONES DIVERSAS Reparacin de aparatos de radio y televisin Reparacin y servicio de refrigeracin y aire acondicionado Talleres de reparaciones elctricas Reparacin de relojes y joyas Tapizado y reparacin de muebles Reparaciones con soldaduras Talleres de bobinado de motores Talleres de reparaciones SC CINEMATOGRAFA Y SERVICIO Produccin de pelculas cinematogrficas

91 97

Organismos Oficiales

ORGANISMOS OFICIALES ESTATALES, AUTONMICOS Y LOCALES Gobierno central Gobierno local ORGANISMOS OFICIALES DE JUSTICIA, ORDEN PBLICO Y SEGURIDAD Tribunales de justicia Instituciones correccionales Proteccin contra incendios SEGURIDAD NACIONAL Y ASUNTOS INTERNACIONALES Seguridad nacional Asuntos internacionales (embajadas)

99
VARIOS

Varios

Establecimientos inclasificables

Bombas para trabajo general ombas


(General duty pumps)

GX, X
X X = External Bearings. B = Foot Mounted (1 Inch Pumps Only). F = C-Face Motor Mounting. Used for general transfer duty, this pump line is available in port sizes from 1 inch to 4 inch, flows from 3 gpm to 510 gpm, temperatures to 300F, and relief valve pressures to 125 psi. Only the XF1A & XF1PA are available for mounting to a CFace motor. GX G = Gear Reducer. X = External Bearings. This configuration allows for easy base fabrication in the field as only one coupling set and guard is required. Used for general transfer duty, this pump line is available in four sizes with port sizes from 2 to 4 inch, flows from 5 to 510 gpm, temperatures to 300F, and relief valve pressures to 125 psi.

NP
NP(J) N = Internal Bearings. P = Shaft Packing. J = Heating Jacket. This pump is used where high temperature, high pressure, high viscosity, and/or shaft sealing requirements dictate a sleeve bearing pump are used. Used for many different materials and applications, this pump line is available 5 sizes with port sizes from 1 inch to 4 inch, flows from 3 gpm to 512 gpm, temperatures to 500F and relief valve pressures to 200 psi (the MLN4 could be included in this line as well). Heating jackets are available if required to protect the pump bearings and seal from cold start up when used on high viscosity products.

MLN
MLN M = Modular configuration. L = Liner. N = Internal Bearings. R = Reduced Capacity. J = Heating Jacket. This pump was to be the first in the line of true industrial pumps produced by Blackmer in many years. Currently two configurations are available, the MLX and MLN. This pump allows reconfiguration in the field from a NP style pump to a XL using interchangeable hubs that carry the bearing and shaft sealing area. This pump has a viscosity range from 30 ssu to 500,000 ssu, flows from 35 gpm to 565 gpm, temperatures to 400F and relief valve pressures to 225 psi. Models from 2 to 8 inch were planned but never pursued. Heating jackets are available if required to protect the pump bearings and seal from cold start up when used on high viscosity products.

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XF1, XB1

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

101-021 Oct 2001 101/19 Oct 95 101

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XF1, XB1

Performance Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes above 1100rpm. Metallic vanes all speeds.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-021 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XF1, XB1

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes above 1100 rpm. Metallic vanes all speeds.

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes above 1100 rpm. Metallic vanes all speeds.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-021 page 3 / 3

Page Number

101-023 Oct 2001 101/23 Oct 95 101

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XF1P, XB1P

Effective Replaces Section

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XF1P, XB1P

Performance Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes above 1100rpm. Metallic vanes all speeds.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-023 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XF1P, XB1P

Performance Note: Non-metallic vanes above 1100 rpm. Metallic vanes all speeds.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-023 page 3 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: GX2, X2

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

101-025 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 101

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: GX2, X2

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-025 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models:GX2, X2

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-025 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models:GX2, X2

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes. Metallic vanes recommended above 2100 cP (10,000 SSU).

Note: Metallic vanes recommended.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-025 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: GX2.5, X2.5

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

101-027 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 101

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX2.5, X2.5

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-027 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX2.5, X2.5

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-027 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX2.5, X2.5

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes. Metallic vanes recommended above 2100 cP (10,000 SSU).

Note: Metallic vanes recommended.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-027 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: GX3, X3

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

101-029 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 101

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX3, X3

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-029 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX3, X3

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-029 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX3, X3

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes. Metallic vanes recommended above 2100 cP (10,000 SSU).

Note: Metallic vanes recommended.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-029 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: GX4, X4

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

101-031 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 101

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Note: Non-metallic vanes Only.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX4, X4

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-031 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX4, X4

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-031 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: GX4, X4

Note: Non-metallic or metallic vanes. Metallic vanes recommended above 2100 cP (10,000 SSU).

Note: Metallic vanes recommended.

Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (cP) to SSU conversion is based on a fluid specific gravity of 1.0. Centipoise = centistokes at 1.0 specific gravity.

www.blackmer.com 101-031 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP1.5

Page Number 103-021 Effective Replaces Section Oct 2001 103/21 Aug 92 103

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP1.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-021 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP1.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-021 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP1.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-021 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2

Page Number 103-023 Effective Replaces Section Oct 2001 103/25 Aug 92 103

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-023 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-023 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-023 page 4 / 4

Page Number 103-025

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2.5

Effective Replaces Section

Oct 2001 103/29 Aug 92 103

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.
www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-025 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-025 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP2.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-025 page 4 / 4

Page Number

103-027 Oct 2001 103/33 Aug 92 103

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP3

Effective Replaces Section

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP3

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-027 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP3

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-027 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP3

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-027 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP4

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

103-029 Oct 2001 103/37 Aug 92 103

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP4

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-029 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP4

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-029 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: NP4

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 103-029 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: MLX4, MLXW4, MLN4 MRLX4 1, MRLXW4 1, MRLN4 1

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

106-021 Dec 2005 Aug 2005 106

MRL models have a low displacement liner flow rate and horsepower are about 75% of above curves.

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHP. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: MLX4, MLXW4, MLN4, MRLX4 1, MRLXW4 1, MRLN4 1

MRL models have a low displacement liner flow rate and horsepower are about 75% of above curves.

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHP. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 106-021 page 2 / 2

Bombas para trabajo PESADO ombas


(HEAVY duty pumps)

XL
XL X = External Bearings. L = Liner. B = Foot Mounted (1 & 1 Pumps Only). F = C-Face Motor Mounting. This pump is used in industrial process and transfer applications where durability and repairability are required. With replaceable end discs and liner, this pump can be renewed to like new condition without removing the pump casing from the piping system. This pump line is available with port sizes from 1 to 4 inch, temperatures to 300F, flows from 3 gpm to 346 gpm, and relief valve pressures to 150 psi. Only the XRLF1A, XLF1A & XLF1A are available for mounting to a CFace motor.

MLX
MLX M = Modular configuration. L = Liner. X = External Bearings. R = Reduced Capacity. J = Heating Jacket. This pump was to be the first in the line of true industrial pumps produced by Blackmer in many years. Currently two configurations are available, the MLX and MLN. This pump allows reconfiguration in the field from a NP style pump to a XL using interchangeable hubs that carry the bearing and shaft sealing area. This pump has a viscosity range from 30 ssu to 500,000 ssu, flows from 35 gpm to 565 gpm, temperatures to 400F and relief valve pressures to 225 psi. Models from 2 to 8 inch were planned but never pursued. Heating jackets are available if required to protect the pump bearings and seal from cold start up when used on high viscosity products.

HXL
HXL(J) H = High Capacity. X = External Bearings. L = Liner. J = Heating Jacket. This pump is used in applications where high volume transfer of product is required such as ship loading and unloading applications. With replaceable end discs and liner, this pump can be renewed to like new condition without removing the pump casing from the piping system. This pump line is available with port sizes from 6 to 10 inch, temperatures to 300F, flows from 125 gpm to 2220 gpm, and relief valve pressures to 150 psi. Heating jackets are available (HXLJ8 Only) if required to

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XRL1.25, XRLF1.25

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

107-021 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 107

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: XRL1.25, XRLF1.25

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-021 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: XRL1.25, XRLF1.25

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-021 page 3 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XL1.25, XLF1.25

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

107-023 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 107

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: XL1.25, XLF1.25

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-023 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: XL1.25, XLF1.25

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-023 page 3 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XL1.5, XLF1.5

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

107-025 Dec 2007 Sept 1991 107

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: XL1.5, XLF1.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-025 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Models: XL1.5, XLF1.5

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-025 page 3 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: XL2

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

107-027 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 107

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Model: XL2

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-027 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Model: XL2

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-027 page 3 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: XL3

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

107-029 Dec 2007 Oct 2001 107

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Model: XL3

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-029 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Model: XL3

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-029 page 3 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: XL4

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

107-031 Dec 2007 Jan 2002 107

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES Model: XL4

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 107-031 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: MLX4, MLXW4, MLN4 MRLX4 1, MRLXW4 1, MRLN4 1

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

106-021 Dec 2005 Aug 2005 106

MRL models have a low displacement liner flow rate and horsepower are about 75% of above curves.

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHP. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: MLX4, MLXW4, MLN4, MRLX4 1, MRLXW4 1, MRLN4 1

MRL models have a low displacement liner flow rate and horsepower are about 75% of above curves.

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHP. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 106-021 page 2 / 2

Page Number

102-015 Oct 2001 Feb 1988 102

SELECTION DATA
Models: HXL6, HXL8, HXLJ8, HXL10

Effective Replaces Section

OPERATING LIMITS: For temperature and viscosity limits of individual pump components; and maximum differential and working pressures for the rated pump See Material Spec Sheet 102-091. Refer to individual Characteristic Curves for capacities and horsepower required at specific operating conditions. PORT SIZE (INCHES) NOM. DEL. IN U.S. GPM (LPM) 756 (2,862) 712 (2,695) 648 (2,453) 604 (2,286) 561 (2,124) 496 (1,878) 410 (1,552) 334 (1,264) 270 (1,022) 216 (818) 181 (685) 146 (553) 1,228 (4,648) 1,053 (3,986) 982 (3,717) 807 (3,055) 666 (2,521) 544 (2,059) 438 (1,658) 351 (1,329) 294 (1,113) 238 (901) 2,300 (8,706) 1,900 (7,192) 1,550 (5,867) 1,250 (4,732) 1,000 (3,785) 840 (3180) 680 (2574) PUMP ONLY DESIGNATION HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL6 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL8, HXLJ8 HXL10 HXL10 HXL10 HXL10 HXL10 HXL10 HXL10 RATED PUMP SPEED (RPM) 350 330 300 280 260 230 190 155 125 100 84 68 350 300 280 230 190 155 125 100 84 68 230 190 155 125 100 84 68 VISCOSITY RANGE MIN. SSU (Cs) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 500 (105) 500 (105) 500 (105) 1,000 (220) 1,000 (220) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 500 (105) 500 (105) 500 (105) 1,000 (220) 1,000 (220) 30 (6) 30 (6) 30 (6) 100 (22) 100 (22) 500 (105) 500 (105) MAX. SSU (Cs) 1,000 (220) 1,000 (220) 3,000 (630) 5,000 (1,050) 7,000 (1,500) 10,000 (2,200) 15,000 (3,150) 20,000 (4,250) 40,000 (8,500) 50,000 (10,500) 75,000 (15,750) 100,000 (21,000) 1,000 (220) 3,000 (630) 5,000 (1,050) 10,000 (2,200) 15,000 (3,150) 20,000 (4,250) 40,000 (8,500) 50,000 (10,500) 75,000 (15,750) 100,000 (21,000) 5,000 (1,050) 10,000 (2,200) 20,000 (4,250) 30,000 (6,300) 50,000 (10,500) 75,000 (15,750) 100,000 (21,000)

10

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL6

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

102-021 Oct 2001 102/23 Feb 88 102

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.
www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL6

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 102-021 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL6

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 102-021 page 3 / 3

Page Number

102-023 Oct 2001 102/27 Feb 88 102

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL8, HXLJ8

Effective Replaces Section

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL8, HXLJ8

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 102-023 page 2 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL8, HXLJ8

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 102-023 page 3 / 3

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL10

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

102-025 Oct 2001 102/31 Feb 88 102

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: HXL10

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 102-025 page 2 / 2

Bombas para FLUIDOS ABRASIVOS ombas


(WEAR RESISTANT, ABRASIVE LIQUID PUMPS)

XLW
XLW X = External Bearings. L = Liner. W = Wear Hardened Internal Components. This pump is used in industrial process and transfer applications where abrasive materials are present in the fluid. With replaceable end discs and liner, this pump can be renewed to like new condition without removing the pump casing from the piping system. Various hard mechanical seal components are available for shaft sealing. This pump line is available with port sizes from 1 to 4 inch (MLXW4 pump), temperatures to 300F, flows from 3 gpm to 280 gpm, and relief valve pressures to 150 psi.

MLX
MLX M = Modular configuration. L = Liner. X = External Bearings. R = Reduced Capacity. J = Heating Jacket. This pump was to be the first in the line of true industrial pumps produced by Blackmer in many years. Currently two configurations are available, the MLX and MLN. This pump allows reconfiguration in the field from a NP style pump to a XL using interchangeable hubs that carry the bearing and shaft sealing area. This pump has a viscosity range from 30 ssu to 500,000 ssu, flows from 35 gpm to 565 gpm, temperatures to 400F and relief valve pressures to 225 psi. Models from 2 to 8 inch were planned but never pursued. Heating jackets are available if required to protect the pump bearings and seal from cold start up when used on high viscosity products.

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: XLW2

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

105-027 Nov 2007 Oct 2001 105

NOTE: Maximum fluid viscosity for the XLW pump models is 75,000 SSU (15,750 Cs). NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XLW2

NOTE: Maximum fluid viscosity for the XLW pump models is 75,000 SSU (15,750 Cs). NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 105-027 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: XLW3

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

105-029 Nov 2007 Oct 2001 105

NOTE: Maximum fluid viscosity for the XLW pump models is 75,000 SSU (15,750 Cs). NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: XLW3

NOTE: Maximum fluid viscosity for the XLW pump models is 75,000 SSU (15,750 Cs). NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (bhp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the bhp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 105-029 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: MLX4, MLXW4, MLN4 MRLX4 1, MRLXW4 1, MRLN4 1

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

106-021 Dec 2005 Aug 2005 106

MRL models have a low displacement liner flow rate and horsepower are about 75% of above curves.

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHP. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: MLX4, MLXW4, MLN4, MRLX4 1, MRLXW4 1, MRLN4 1

MRL models have a low displacement liner flow rate and horsepower are about 75% of above curves.

NOTE: Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHP. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system.

www.blackmer.com 106-021 page 2 / 2

Bombas DE ACERO INOXIDABLE 316 ombas


(316 STAINLESS STEEL PUMPS)

SNP
SNP(J) S = Stainless Steel Construction. N = Internal Bearings. P = Shaft Packing. J = Heating Jacket. This pump is used where the chemical resistance of stainless steel is required. Used for many different materials and applications, this pump line is available 5 sizes with port sizes from 1 inch to 3 inch, flows from 3 gpm to 265 gpm, temperatures to 500F and relief valve pressures to 150. Heating jackets are available if required to protect the pump bearings and seal from cold start up when used on high viscosity products.

SMVP
SMVP S = Stainless. M = Magnetically Coupled. VP = Vane Pump. This pump is used with hard to seal products or where the leakage of material can not be tolerated. . This pump line is available with port sizes from 1 to 4 inch, temperatures to 200F, flows from 3.5 gpm to 260 gpm, and relief valve pressures to 150 psi.

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP1.25

Page Number 104-021 Effective Replaces Section Oct 2001 104/21 Jan 77 104

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.
www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP1.25

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 104-021 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP1.5

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

104-023 Oct 2001 104/23 Jan 78 104

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.
www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP1.5

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 104-023 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP2

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

104-025 Oct 2001 104/25 Jan 77 104

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.
www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP2

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 104-025 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP2.5

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

104-027 Oct 2001 104/27 Jan 77 104

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.
www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP2.5

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 104-027 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP3

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

104-029 Oct 2001 104/29 Jan 77 104

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.
www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SNP3

Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid, the suction lift and the inlet line losses of the system. Blackmer characteristic curves are normally based upon a inlet condition of 5" to 8" Hg. vacuum and zero liquid vapor pressure.

www.blackmer.com 104-029 page 2 / 2

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP15B

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

108-031 July 2002 Oct 2001 108

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. For viscosities greater than 1000 CP (4600 SSU), consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP15B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. For viscosities greater than 1000 CP (4600 SSU), consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-031 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP15B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. For viscosities greater than 1000 CP (4600 SSU), consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-031 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP30B

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

108-033 July 2002 Oct 2001 108

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. For viscosities greater than 1000 CP (4600 SSU), consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP30B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. For viscosities greater than 1000 CP (4600 SSU), consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-033 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP30B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. For viscosities greater than 1000 CP (4600 SSU), consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-033 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP50B

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

108-035 July 2002 Oct 2001 108

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP50B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-035 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP50B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-035 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP50B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-035 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP100B

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

108-037 July 2002 Oct 2001 108

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP100B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-037 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP100B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-037 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Models: SMVP100B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-037 page 4 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: SMVP200B

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

108-039 Sept 2007 July 2002 108

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: SMVP200B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-039 page 2 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: SMVP200B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-039 page 3 / 4

CHARACTERISTIC CURVES
Model: SMVP200B

NOTE: The MC (dotted) lines are provided to assist in magnetic coupling selection. The MC lines can be used for operating temperatures up to 200F (93C). For higher temperatures, consult factory. Blackmer Characteristic Curves are based on Brake Horsepower (BHp). To determine Motor Horsepower, drive train inefficiencies must be added to the BHp. Actual capacities are dependent upon the vapor pressure of the liquid and the inlet conditions of the system. *Centipoise (CP) to SSU conversion is based on a specific gravity of 1.0.

www.blackmer.com 108-039 page 4 / 4

VACUUM LIMITATIONS ON BLACKMER PUMPS

Page Number Effective Replaces Section

50 Feb. 1971 New 10

Intake pressure requirements on centrifugal pumps are determined by the manufacturer and called Net Positive Suction Head Required (NPSHR). This is compared with the NPSH Available to determine the suitability of the intake conditions. For several reasons that procedure does not easily lend itself to use in positive displacement pump applications. What follows is the system for determining the intake requirements for Blackmer Pumps. There are five principle factors which affect the maximum vacuum: 1. Pump Speed 2. Altitude above sea level 3. Vapor pressure of the liquid 4. Viscosity 5. Entrained and dissolved air or gas in the liquid 1. The table below shows the maximum desirable vacuum on different sizes of Blackmer pumps, at different speeds, at an altitude of sea level, and at zero vapor pressure. Maximum Desirable Vacuum IN INCHES OF MERCURY at Sea Level at Zero Vapor Pressure 1800 RPM 18 15 1200 RPM 23 19 22 22 21 19 18 23 23 22 22 21 18 24 24 24 24 24 20 24 24 24 24 24 22 24 24 24 24 24 24 16 14 24 24 24 24 24 24 19 18 18 24 24 24 24 24 24 23 23 23 640 RPM 520 RPM 460 RPM 420 RPM 300 RPM 230 RPM 190 RPM

Blackmer Pump Size X1, 1 XF1, F1P 1, 1 1, 2 2 3 3 4 6 8 10

2. Subtract from these values 1 inch Hg for every 1,000 feet of elevation. 3. Subtract also the vapor pressure of the liquid at the pumping temperature expressed in inches Hg.

www.blackmer.com

Vapor pressure expressed in inches Hg. is often not readily available. A frequently used measure is Reid Vapor Pressure. The scale below can be used as an approximate conversion of Reid vapor (in PSIA at 100F.) to vapor pressure in inches Hg. VAPOR PRESSURE INCHES HG.

REID VAPOR PRESSURE

P.S.I.

Another frequently used measure of vapor pressure is millimeters of mercury. This can be converted to inches Hg. by dividing by 25.4. Millimeters of Mercury / 25.4 = Inches Hg. The graph on page 50/4 shows vapor pressure for several solvents over a broad temperature range. You will notice that many of the lines have a similar slope. If you have the vapor pressure of a solvent at only one temperature which is not the pumping temperature the general slope of the lines on the graph may help you to better estimate the vapor pressure of that solvent at pumping temperature. An example of how this is done is shown at the lower right hand corner of the graph. On page 5 is a graph that can be used to determine the approximate vapor pressure of automotive gasoline at various temperatures when the Reid vapor pressure is known. For instance if the gasoline's Reid vapor pressure is 10, the vapor pressure at 70F. liquid temperature is 13 inches Hg. For estimating purposes you may assume that automotive gasoline has an average Reid vapor pressure of 9 PSI in the summer, 11 PSI in the spring and fall, and 13 PSI in the winter. 4. The selection data tables for each industrial pump show the speed Limitations for all viscosities. Generally, no other adjustment for viscosity is necessary. However, if you are handling a highly viscous liquid which is also highly volatile, consult with the factory for a recommendation. 5. The amount of entrained and dissolved air in the liquid is indeterminate. However, it does have a definite effect on efficiency and operation of a pump. If the proposed installation is an underground tank, which is filled periodically by draining liquid from a transport truck, the falling of the liquid in the space above the liquid level in the tank will cause air to become mixed with the liquid. Some types of liquid will retain this air in a dissolved condition, invisible to the eye, for much longer times than others. Fuel oils and lube oils are typical examples. The critical vacuum for any pump handling furnace oil or diesel oil is often 2 or 3 inches Hg. less than the table shown because of this factor. Pumps operating right at vacuums shown will cavitate to the extent of about a 10% loss of rated capacity but will operate at generally satisfactory noise levels. Pumps operating at less vacuum will operate at capacities proportionately closer to the rated capacity of the pump. Pumps will deliver liquid at higher vacuums but the capacity falls off very rapidly and usually the noise level also increases. The 10% figure is only approximate because vapor pressure is not a true measure of the amount of vapors given off by a liquid at any condition of vacuum or pressure.
www.blackmer.com 50 page 2 / 6

In addition to the cavitation caused by vacuum, there will be the normal internal slip and loss of capacity due to differential pressures between intake and discharge. Actual capacities at higher vacuums CANNOT be estimated with any degree of accuracy. Many times pumps are required to operate at vacuums higher than shown on this table. For example, eight-inch pumps mounted on the deck of river barges operate under very severe conditions. Vacuums often run 4 to 6 inches higher than that shown in the table. There is usually considerable vibration in pumps mounted on the decks of barges but in spite of the severe operating conditions, the pumps do a remarkably good job and are fairly durable. Vanes are replaced in barge pumps much more frequently, however, than when the same pump is used under better conditions. When computing an installation of a pump lifting liquid from an underground tank, vacuum is computed on the basis of pipe friction plus the actual lift from the bottom of the tank to the center line of the pump. Often this total vacuum at the pump will be equal to or exceed slightly the figures in the table. This does not mean that you should rule out the installation. Logically, an underground tank is usually partially filled. Therefore, most of the time the pump will be operating within the acceptable range. It must be understood, however, that when the liquid level does drop to the minimum point that the pump may make a little extra noise and the pumping rate may fall off slightly.

www.blackmer.com 50 page 3 / 6

VAPOR PRESSURE GRAPHS MISCELLANEOUS VAPOR PRESSURES 1 IN. HG. = 25.4 MM

www.blackmer.com 50 page 4 / 6

VAPOR PRESSURE GRAPHS of MOTOR GASOLINES (Approx. Values)

www.blackmer.com 50 page 5 / 6

EJEMPLO DE SELECCIN
Usaremos el mismo ejemplo que hemos venido trabajando. Los datos de la instalacin son los siguientes: Fluido a transportar: Viscosidad Gravedad Especfica Flujo Tubera de Succin Tubera de Descarga Presin esttica Diferencial de Presin Salsa 1344 cP (5850 SSU) 1.065 25 [gpm] Dimetro: 2 Dimetro: 2 13.12 [psi] 67 [psi]

Longitud: 10 Longitud: 100

Prdida: 4.9 [psi] Prdida: 49 [psi]

Empezaremos clasificando el tipo de trabajo que realizar la bomba en: - Trabajo General Para fluidos no corrosivos, no abrasivos, lquidos industriales y productos del petrleo. - Trabajo Pesado Comnmente usadas en refineras, plantas de lubricantes y la industria en general para aplicaciones de proceso, llenado y transferencia. - Bombas para fluidos Abrasivos: Especialmente diseadas para manejo de fluidos con partculas abrasivas en suspensin como tintas, pinturas, crudo, aceites usados y solventes. - Bombas de Acero Inoxidable: Son usadas para un amplio rango de fluidos corrosivos o custicos y lquidos alimenticios como azcares, melazas y saborizantes. Entonces usaremos la serie de Acero Inoxidable, dado que nuestro producto es alimenticio. En el boletn de bombas Blackmer podemos encontrar una tabla de preseleccin para cada una de las clasificaciones anteriores.

Segn la tabla, el modelo SNP1.25 no satisface las necesidades de caudal, mientras que el SNP 1.5 es suficiente. Revisemos las curvas de desempeo de ste modelo:

Las curvas vienen dadas para ciertas velocidades estndar. As estn hechas porque Blackmer ofrece el motor acoplado a la bomba. Entrando a la grfica con el diferencial de presin y subiendo hasta la viscosidad del fluido, encontramos el caudal impulsado para la velocidad de rotacin dada. 1500 [rpm] 1200 [rpm] 31 [gpm] 25 [gpm]

Casualmente, la bomba girando a 1200 [rpm] satisface el flujo del sistema. Si no hubiera sido as, tendramos dos opciones: 1. Seleccionar la bomba acoplada con el motor con la velocidad de rotacin mayor y estrangular el flujo hasta 25 [gpm] (Lo cual se refleja en un aumento de la potencia consumida por la bomba) 2. Seleccionar la velocidad de rotacin de la bomba adecuada. Para ello se debe iterar entre los valores hallados anteriormente, buscando el caudal ideal. Potencia Consumida: De la grfica se puede leer la potencia de consumo, 3.1 [HP]

bombas de tres tornillos

>> Rotary (Three-Screw) Pumps


A proven design: precision, long life, and maximum energy ef ciency
The three-screw pump from Colfax comes from the leading technology brands in the pump industry today: Imo and Allweiler. It incorporates a positive displacement rotary design consisting of a housing which envelopes the drive screw (power rotor) and the sealing screws (idler rotors). The intermeshing of the threads of these rotors, along with the close t of the surrounding housing creates a moving labyrinth seal which captures the valuable uid and transports it axially. The enclosed area containing the uid is referred to as a uid closure (see gure A). The pumping element does not pre-compress the uid, but rather transports it from the suction Symmetrical pressure loading on the power rotor eliminates the need for bearings to absorb radial forces. The idler rotors generate a hydrodynamic lm which provides radial support similar to journal bearings (see gure B). Axial loads on the power rotor and idler rotors, created by differential pressure, are hydrostatically balanced. This dramatically increases the life of the pump. side of the pump to the discharge port in a smooth, continuous manner. It is this uid closure concept that provides the three-screw pump with its positive displacement capability.

Fluid Closure

Idler Rotor

Power Rotor with Equal Opposing Pressures

Power Rotor

Idler Rotor

Rotor Housing Fluid Film

Figure A

Figure B
External Seal Chamber Return Line Outlet Precision Ground & Hardened Idler Rotors
(6D and 12D series pumps only) *3D series pumps utilize an internal seal chamber return

Inlet

External Ball Bearing Thrust Plate Precision Ground and Hardened Power Rotor Replaceable Rotor Housing Balance Piston Mechanical Seal

Balance Cup

>> Real World Bene


Smooth O peration

ts
High Contamination Tolerance
Colfax 3-screw pumps are highly resistant to wear from particulate contaminates that might be present in synthetic and/or petroleumbased uids. We even offer special pump versions which incorporate proprietary bi-metal materials expressly designed for contaminated services such as for pumping crude oil and heavy fuel.

The pumping element geometry for Colfax 3-screw pumps provides virtually pulsation-free ow. This eliminates the requirement for pulsation dampeners often found in systems employing other pumping technologies. Pulsation free ow readily allows output condition management critical to applications such as precision hydraulic controls and fuel metering for gas turbine atomization.

Low Noise Long Service Life


Non-contacting pumping elements by means of hydrostatic and hydrodynamic uid lms, axially balanced rotors and top notch metallurgy are just a few of the factors contributing to the unparalleled service life of Colfax 3-screw pumps. The rotor pro le in the screw pump provides a smooth and continuous output ow that greatly reduces pressure pulsations. The result is lowered air-borne, uid-borne and structure-borne noise, typically less than 75 db(A).

>> Three-screw pumps reliably


move millions of gallons of uid per day all over the world in a wide variety of industries including commercial marine.

>> Since 1931, literally millions of


three-screw pumps have been installed around the world in thousands of challenging applications.

Three-screw pumps are the largest class of multiple screw pumps in service.
This proven technology delivers literally millions of gallons of uid per day all over the world in a wide variety of demanding applications and industries including:

Crude oil transport Power generation Hydraulic elevator


Excellent Suction Lift
The small peripheral diameter of the rotors and low axial velocity of the uid provide excellent suction lift performance compared to other pump designs with similar output ows. This provides the three-screw pump an inherent advantage in negative suction pressure applications, allowing the pumping of higher viscosity uids at much higher speeds than other pumping technologies.

Fuel oil transport & burner service M achinery lubrication Commercial marine and N avy Refinery processes Chemical processing

Low Horsepower Consumption


The small peripheral diameters of the rotors and low uid axial velocities reduce uid shearing within the pump, resulting in a reduction of horsepower consumption while operating on high viscosity uids.

>> Products and Applications


APPLICATIO N S
HIG H PR ESSU R E M AC HIN E TO O L C O O LANT

Q uick Reference G uide


C O R RO SIV E WATER APPRO XIM ATE FLO W R AN G E (U SG PM ) (L/M IN) M AXIM U M DISC HARG E PR ESSU R E (PSIG ) (BAR-G )

PU M P SER IES
HY DR AU LIC C R U DE O IL TR AN SFER LU BE FU EL

AC E 3E U CF 3G U CG C323F 3D C324A SN T324 4V KC EMTEC 4SFC 6D 4T 8L 12D 6T 6U 12L

3-44 1-100 120-800 2-210 30-280 400-3300 5-400 50-900 300-1000 300-800 21-258 4-260 2-15 5-400 10-200 100-1100 5-400 5-200 5-200 10-100

11-166 4-379 454-3028 8-795 14-1060 1514-12491 19-1514 189-3407 1136-3800 1136-3028 83-978 15-984 8-57 19-1514 38-757 379-4164 19-1514 19-757 19-757 38-379

150 150 175 250 250 300 500 500 500 700 1160 1300 1450 1500 1500 1500 2200 2500 2500 4500

10 10 12 17 17 21 34 34 34 48 80 90 100 103 103 103 152 172 172 310

BROCHURE: BR000ACE REV 00 5-12-2006

BROCHURE: BR00003E REV: 00 5-9-2006

IMO Series 3G Pump

www.Imo-Pump.com

AXIAL OR RADIAL (ELBOW) INLET

HYDRAULICALLY BALANCED PUMP SCREWS

VARIETY OF PORT STYLES AVAILABLE (SEE TABLE) CHOICE OF SHAFT SEALING

FOOT OR FLANGE MOUNT

Shown Above: 3G-095, Flange Mount Iron Cased Axial Inlet, Built-In Relief Valve

Shown Above: Tamper Resistant Optional Built-In Pressure Relief Valve for sizes 162 and smaller

The reliable pump people

Performance Shown at 150 PSID (10 BAR), 200 SSU (43 CST)

www.Imo-Pump.com

The reliable pump people

Model Code Nomenclature


Model No. Code Example A A 3 G / N V I J F B 1 1 8 S P 0 0 0

www.Imo-Pump.com

Design Sequence Pump Series Separator Fixed Designator Seals


V = Fluorocarbon Bellows mechanical seal, carbon on Ni-resist, Fluorocarbon O-rings H = Metal bellows balanced mechanical seal, carbon on silicon carbide, Fluorocarbon O-rings N = No shaft seal (must use mounting I), Fluorocarbon O-rings J = Metal Bellows balanced mechanical seal, carbon on silicon carbide, Neoprene O-rings 095AE = 095AF = 095SP = 095SR = 095SC = 095SD = 118SP = 118SR = 118SC = 118SD = 143SJ = 143SK = 143SE = 143SF = 143SC = 143SD =

Designator for Special Modifications Size/Lead/Rotation


1.2D, CW 1.2D, CCW 1.6D, CW 1.6D, CCW 2.0D, CW 2.0D, CCW 1.6D, CW 1.6D, CCW 2.0D, CW 2.0D, CCW 1.5D, CW 1.5D, CCW 1.7D, CW 1.7D, CCW 2.0D, CW 2.0D, CCW 162SP = 162SR = 162SC = 162SD = 187SY = 187SZ = 187SM = 187SN = 187SC = 187SD = 1.6D, CW 1.6D, CCW 2.0D, CW 2.0D, CCW 1.45D, CW 1.45D, CCW 1.75D, CW 1.75D, CCW 2.0D, CW 2.0D, CCW

200SC = 2.0D, CW 200SD = 2.0D, CCW 250AL = 250AM = 250SP = 250SR = 250SC = 250SD = 1.3D, CW 1.3D, CCW 1.6D, CW 1.6D, CCW 2.0D, CW 2.0D, CCW

Case Material and Outlet Port


I = Iron case, SAE straight thread port** P = Iron case, SAE 4-bolt port pad S = Steel case, SAE 4-bolt port pad X = Special
**Not available on Rotor Sizes 187 thru 250

Relief Valve Set Range (Limit 1500 ssu)


A = No relief valve B = 60/75 psi differential C = 90/105/120 psi differential D = 135/150/165 psi differential E = 180/195/210 psi differential
Iron Pump only

Inlet Port
095 Size only

J = Axial inlet, SAE straight thread port** K = Axial inlet, SAE 4-bolt port pad L = Radial inlet, SAE straight thread port** M = Radial inlet, SAE 4-bolt pad N = Axial inlet, SAE straight thread port** P = Axial inlet 4-bolt port pad R = Radial inlet, straight thread port** S = Radial inlet 4-bolt port pad
**Not Available on Rotor Sizes 187 thru 250

In-line relief valve option available

All sizes above 095

Mounting
C = SAE flange mount F = Foot mount I = Integral flange mount

(note: must specify N for Seals)

The reliable pump people

BROCHURE: BR00323F REV 00 5-12-2006

Imo Series 3D Pump

Replaceable housing for simple repair Rotatable inlet for ease of piping Hardened and ground screw set for long life

Single mechanical seal exposed only to inlet pressure

External, permanently grease-packed ball bearing

Hydraulic balance cancels thrust loads Cast iron or steel case

Front cover available in flange mount configuration

Shown Above: G3DB-187 foot mounted pump typical of sizes 106 through 187 with iron casing

Model No. Code Example:


Design Sequence

3D

T - 187M

Screw Set Size & Lead Pump Series Shaft Seal Steel Case Carbide Seal Seat

Note: Additional coding used for more features not shown.

Performance Shown at 250 PSID (17 BAR), 200 SSU (43 CST)
60 HZ: 50 HZ: 450 1600 400 1400 350 1200 300 1000 800 600 400 200
870 1150 960 1450 1750 2900 3500

GPM

250 200 150 100 50

800

1200

1600 2000

2400 2800 3200 RPM

3600 4000

4400

Main and standby 3D-218 fuel pumps on common skid with inlet strainer, discharge relief valves and block valves.

Vertical, magnetic drive 3D-250 pump on chemical service

LITERS PER MINUTE

Imo Series C324A Pump

CASINGS IN CAST IRON OR CAST STEEL. STEAM JACKETS AVAILABLE

REPLACEABLE HOUSINGS MAKE REPAIR SIMPLE CASE HARDENED SCREW SET PROVIDES LONG LIFE

MECHANICAL SEAL OR PACKING OPERATES ABOUT 20 PSI ABOVE INLET PRESSURE LOW AXIAL FLUID VELOCITY FOR LOW NET INLET PRESSURE REQUIRED (NIPR).

DOUBLE END DESIGN PROVIDES INHERENT AXIAL HYDRAULIC BALANCE

Model Code Example:

C324A

S - 187
Rotation Blank = Clockwise D = Counterclockwise Rotor Size 162 through 412 Casing Blank = S = J = Y =
Cast Iron Steel Steam Jacketed Steel Case Steam Jacket Steel Case and Packing Cover

Series Shaft Seal and Bearing Type E =High Temperature Packing B =Buna Fitted Mechanical Seal H=Fluoroelastomer Fitted Mechanical Seal Mechanical Seal Seat Blank = Standard Seat (Type B and H only) T = Carbide Seal Seat (Type B and H only) Mounting F =Foot Mount V =Vertical Mount (Consult Imo)

Performance Shown at 250 PSID (17 BAR), 200 SSU (43 CST)
60 HZ: 50 HZ: 900 800
375

870 1150 960 1450

1750 2900
412

3500

3300 3000 2700


350

700 600

2100

500 400 300 200

325 300 250 275 231

1800 1500 1200 900


187

600 300

100

162

On the cover ...324A cast


iron cased horizontal pump.

800

1200

1600 2000

2400 2800 3200

3600 4000

RPM

Steel cased 324A pump with fabricated steam jacket Magnetic drive 324A pump for up to 200 HP (150 KW) at 3500 RPM

LITERS PER MINUTE

2400

GPM

BROCHURE: BR0T324N REV 00 05-12-2006

Performance
Series 4SFC - Capacities Shown at 200 SSU (43 cSt)

Series 4VKC - Capacities Shown at 200 SSU (43 cSt)

Emtec: Advanced Technology for Long Service Life


Emtec pumps are specifically designed to withstand the harsh environment of high pressure machine tool coolant service. Special hardening techniques produce a surface hardness similar to ceramic in the housing bores while maintaining elasticity that eliminates the danger of bore surface fracture. The hardening process of the rotor set includes PVD* treatment that results in a surface hardness of 1200HV. The Emtec pump is fully hydrodynamically balanced which eliminates thrust loads due to differential pressure. The power rotors balance piston is extra long which improves the pumps volumetric efficiency. Flow that crosses the balance piston serves to cool and lubricate the silicon carbide mechanical shaft seal faces. In applications where the DQ version is utilized, the shaft seal is eliminated to further reduce cost. Flow that passes across the balance piston is vented from the pump and into the reservoir. In this design, a labyrinth ring on the fluid side of the ball bearing prevents coolant splash from washing out the bearing grease.

SAE Code 61 port pad (inlet & outlet)

Gas nitride and PVD* hardened rotor set

Full hydrodynamic balance

Carbide vs. Carbide mechanical shaft seal

Rotatable inlet head Thermo-chemically hardened housing bores Auxillary integral mounting flange
* Physical vapor depositon

Emt-A 20 thru 210 pumps are offered in either D8.6 or DQ design. The DQ variant has all the features and benefits of the D8.6 variant.

Materials
spindle

Rotor Set

Base material: Alloy steel Gas nitride hardened zone (62 HRC) PVD hard coating: (1200 HV) Housing Ceramic-like bore surface (1200 HV) Hardened transition zone (62 HRC) Base material: Cast Iron
rotor housing

However, in place of the mechanical shaft seal, a shaft sealing ring is utilized and an axial inlet head is provided.

The special material combination used for Emtec brings together the highest possible hardness with optimal elasticity and resistance to fracture.

Emtec-A Performance @ 1.0cSt


1750 RPM
Pressure (psig) 20R38 20R46 20R56 40R38 40R46 80R36 80R46 140R39 140R46 210R40 210R46 280R43 280R46 440R40 440R46 GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP 100 3.5 0.5 4.9 0.6 6.4 0.8 7.8 0.9 10.5 1.1 14.9 1.5 21.7 2.0 29.2 2.7 37.9 3.3 47.4 4.3 59.2 5.2 69.1 6.6 79.5 7.2 101.3 9.6 128.7 11.3 200 3.0 0.8 4.2 1.0 5.3 1.3 6.8 1.5 9.3 1.9 13.5 2.6 19.7 3.6 27.1 4.7 35.2 5.9 44.7 7.5 55.8 9.1 65.0 11.2 75.4 12.4 97.1 16.1 123.1 19.6 300 2.5 1.1 3.7 1.4 4.4 1.8 6.1 2.1 8.3 2.7 12.3 3.7 18.2 5.1 25.6 6.7 33.2 8.5 42.7 10.6 53.1 13.0 61.8 15.8 72.2 17.6 93.8 22.6 118.9 27.9 400 2.2 1.4 3.3 1.8 3.7 2.4 5.5 2.7 7.5 3.5 11.4 4.8 16.9 6.7 24.2 8.7 31.4 11.1 40.9 13.8 50.8 17.0 59.1 20.4 69.6 22.9 91.1 29.1 115.3 36.2 500 1.8 1.7 2.9 2.1 3.1 2.9 4.9 3.3 6.8 4.3 10.5 5.9 15.7 8.2 23.1 10.7 29.9 13.7 39.4 16.9 48.9 20.9 56.8 25.0 67.2 28.1 88.6 35.6 112.1 44.5 600 1.5 2.0 2.6 2.5 2.5 3.4 4.4 3.9 6.2 5.0 9.7 6.9 14.7 9.8 22.0 12.7 28.5 16.3 38.0 20.1 47.1 24.9 54.7 29.7 65.1 33.3 86.4 42.1 109.3 52.8 700 1.3 2.3 2.3 2.9 2.0 3.9 4.0 4.5 5.6 5.9 9.0 8.0 13.8 11.3 21.1 14.6 27.2 18.8 36.8 23.2 45.4 28.8 52.7 34.3 63.2 38.5 84.4 48.6 106.6 61.1 800 1.0 2.5 2.0 3.3 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400

1.8 3.6

1.5 4.0

1.3 4.4

3.6 5.1 5.1 6.6 8.4 9.1 12.9 12.8 20.2 16.6 26.1 21.4 35.6 26.4 43.9 32.8 50.9 38.9 61.4 43.7 82.5 55.1 104.2 69.3

3.2 5.7 4.6 7.4 7.8 10.2 12.1 14.4 19.3 18.6 25.0 24.0 34.5 29.5 42.4 36.7 49.2 43.5 59.7 49.0 80.8 61.7 101.9 77.6

2.8 6.3 4.1 8.2 7.2 11.3 11.3 15.9 18.5 20.6 23.9 26.6 33.4 32.6 41.1 40.7 47.6 48.1 58.1 54.2 79.1 68.2 99.7 85.9

2.4 6.9 3.6 9.0 6.6 12.4 10.6 17.5 17.8 22.6 22.9 29.2 32.5 35.8 39.8 44.6 46.1 52.7 56.5 59.4 77.5 74.7 97.6 94.2

2.1 7.4 3.2 9.8 6.1 13.5 9.9 19.0 17.0 24.6 22.0 31.8 31.5 38.9 38.6 48.6 44.6 57.3 55.1 64.6 76.0 81.2 95.7 102.5

2.7 10.6 5.6 14.5 9.2 20.6 16.3 26.6 21.1 34.4 30.6 42.1 37.4 52.5 43.2 61.9 53.7 69.8 74.6 87.7 93.8 110.8

5.1 15.6 8.5 22.1 15.7 28.6 20.2 37.0 29.7 45.2 36.2 56.5 41.9 66.5 52.3 75.1 73.2 94.2 92.0 119.1

3500 RPM
Pressure (psig) 20R38 20R46 20R56 40R38 40R46 80R36 80R46 140R39 140R46 210R40 210R46 280R43 280R46 440R40 440R46 GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP GPM BHP 100 8.4 1.5 11.3 1.6 15.4 2.0 18.0 2.3 24.1 2.7 33.5 3.9 48.2 4.8 66.3 6.7 82.3 7.9 101.3 11.0 126.9 12.6 148.1 17.1 169.0 18.3 213.0 25.1 270.7 28.6 200 7.9 2.0 10.7 2.4 14.3 3.0 17.0 3.5 22.9 4.3 32.0 6.1 46.2 7.9 61.2 10.7 79.6 13.1 98.6 17.3 123.4 20.5 144.0 26.3 164.9 28.7 208.7 38.1 265.2 45.2 300 7.4 2.6 10.2 3.1 13.5 4.1 16.3 4.7 21.9 5.9 30.9 8.2 44.7 11.0 59.7 14.7 77.5 18.3 96.5 23.6 120.7 28.4 140.8 35.5 161.7 39.2 205.4 51.1 260.9 61.8 400 7.1 3.2 9.8 3.9 12.8 5.1 15.7 5.9 21.1 7.5 29.9 10.4 43.4 14.1 58.3 18.7 75.8 23.5 94.8 29.9 118.5 36.3 138.2 44.7 159.1 49.6 202.7 64.2 257.3 78.4 500 6.7 3.8 9.4 4.7 12.1 6.2 15.1 7.1 20.4 9.0 29.1 12.6 42.3 17.2 57.2 22.7 74.3 28.7 93.3 36.2 116.5 44.2 135.8 53.9 156.8 60.0 200.3 77.2 254.2 94.9 600 6.5 4.3 9.1 5.4 11.6 7.2 14.6 8.3 19.8 10.6 28.3 14.7 41.2 20.3 56.1 26.6 72.9 33.8 91.9 42.4 114.7 52.1 133.7 63.2 154.6 70.5 198.1 90.2 251.2 111.5 700 6.2 4.9 8.8 6.2 11.1 8.3 14.2 9.4 19.2 12.2 27.6 16.9 40.3 23.4 55.2 30.6 71.6 39.0 90.7 48.7 113.1 60.0 131.8 72.4 152.7 80.9 196.0 103.2 248.7 128.1 800 5.9 5.5 8.5 6.9 900 5.7 6.1 8.2 7.7 1000 5.5 6.6 8.0 8.4 1100 5.3 7.2 7.7 9.2 1200 5.1 7.8 7.5 9.9 1300 4.9 8.4 7.3 10.7 1400 4.7 8.9 7.2 11.5

13.7 10.6 18.6 13.8 26.9 19.1 39.4 26.5 54.3 34.6 70.5 44.2 89.5 55.0 111.6 67.9 130.0 81.6 150.8 91.4 194.2 116.3 246.3 144.7

13.3 11.8 18.1 15.4 26.3 21.2 38.6 29.6 53.4 38.6 69.3 49.4 88.4 61.3 110.1 75.8 128.3 90.8 149.1 101.8 192.4 129.3 244.0 161.2

13.0 13.0 17.6 17.0 25.8 23.4 37.8 32.7 52.6 42.6 68.3 54.6 87.3 67.6 108.7 83.7 126.7 100.0 147.5 112.2 190.7 142.3 241.8 177.8

12.6 14.2 17.2 18.5 25.2 25.6 37.1 35.8 51.9 46.5 67.3 59.7 86.3 73.9 107.5 91.6 125.1 109.3 146.0 122.7 189.2 155.3 239.7 194.4

12.3 15.4 16.7 20.1 24.7 27.7 36.4 38.9 51.1 50.5 66.3 64.9 85.4 80.2 106.2 99.5 123.7 118.5 144.5 133.1 187.6 168.4 237.7 211.0

11.9 16.6 16.3 21.7 24.2 29.9 35.7 42.0 50.5 54.5 65.4 70.1 84.5 86.4 105.0 107.3 122.3 127.7 143.1 143.5 186.2 181.4 235.9 227.6

11.6 17.8 15.9 23.3 23.7 32.1 35.0 45.1 49.8 58.5 64.6 75.3 83.6 92.7 103.9 115.2 120.9 136.9 141.8 153.9 184.8 194.4 234.0 244.0

Max pressure is 1450psig Performance is based on Hydraulic Institute standards

Performance
Series 4SFC - Capacities Shown at 200 SSU (43 cSt)

Series 4VKC - Capacities Shown at 200 SSU (43 cSt)

Imo Series 6D Pump

INLET ROTATABLE IN 90 INCREMENTS FOR EASE OF PIPING

REPLACEABLE ROTOR HOUSINGS FOR EASE OF REPAIR IDLER ROTORS

HARDENED BALANCE PISTON NEGATES THE EFFECT OF DISCHARGE PRESSURE ON POWER ROTOR AXIAL THRUST

POWER ROTOR SHAFT

IDLER ROTOR BALANCE CUP NEGATES THE EFFECT OF DISCHARGE PRESSURE ON IDLER ROTOR AXIAL THRUST

RUGGED DUCTILE IRON CASING CASE HARDENED THREAD GROUND SCREWS FOR DURABLE OPERATION

SINGLE, EXTERNAL, PERMANENTLY GREASE PACKED BALL BEARING SINGLE MECHANICAL SEAL VENTED TO INLET PRESSURE

Model Code Example:

6D

B - 218

Design Prefix Series

Rotor Size Shaft Seal & Bearing

Shown above: 6D-118 typical of sizes 106 through 187

Performance Shown at 1000 PSID (70 BAR), 200 SSU (43 CST)
60 HZ: 50 HZ: 400
400 400P 350

870 960

1150 1450

1750 2900

3500

1400

350 1200 300 1000

250

GPM

800 200
275 250

150

250P 218

600

100
187

400

On the cover...6D-250 pump


typical for sizes 218-400 shown with standard (top) inlet position. Outlet socket weld adapter is included with pump.
50
156 137 118 106

200

800

1200

1600

2000

2400

2800

3200

3600

4000

RPM

(16) 6D-312 pumps on crude oil pipeline service in the Pacific Rim area Sealless Mag drive 6D-156 pump on turbo expander gas sealing service

6D-118 pump on pipeline turbo compressor gas sealing service

LITERS PER MINUTE

312

312P

BROCHURE: BR004T4U REV 00 5-9-2006

Imo Series 8L Pump: Critical fluid-handling applications


110 to 2900 gpm (25 - 660 m3/h), pressure to 2000 psig (138 bar-g)
You need to save energy costs. You need to operate with very high efficiencies. Imo 8L series pumps are designed for pipeline transport in medium to high pressure service on crude oils, fuel oils and other petroleum products. Pumps consistently operate with very high efficiencies, typically over 80%. Energy costs are a significant portion of total pipeline operating expenses. Utilizing 8L series pumps from Colfax can appreciably reduce these costs when compared to centrifugal pumps. The 8L series also finds extensive use in steam/electric power plants as the burner pumps supplying fuel to the boilers. Many systems are equipped to handle distillate fuel oil, low sulfur and residual oils with standard Imo 8L pumps. This flexibility allows optimum fuel use depending on price and availability. Performance shown at 1500 psid (103 bar-g) 200 SSU (43 cSt)
60 HZ: 50 HZ:
3000 2800 2600 2400 80 2200 2000 1800 1600 1400 75 70 65 60 55 50 400 500 450

Dimensions & Weights


A INLET 300# ANSI, FF* STANDARD POSITION B OUTLET SOCKET WELD**

870 960

1150

1450
912Y

1750

105 100 95 90 85

700 650 600 550

CLOCKWISE ROTATION

* 630 & 912 size is raised face ** 630 & 912 discharge is 1500 # RF
CUBIC METERS / HOUR

BARRELS / DAY X 1000

350 300

FLOWRATE - gpm

630 1200 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 5 100 400 400P 15 462 25 630M 40

SIZE A B H L W WEIGHT inch mm inch mm inch mm inch mm inch mm lb kg

400 6 152 3 76.2 21.5 546 64.4 1,636 19.5 495 1,665 757

462 8 203 4 102 24.5 622 72.3 1,837 25 635 2,480 1,128

630 10 254 8 203 32 813 90.4 2,297 27 686 6,351 2,287

912 12 305 10 254 43.1 1,095 125 3,166 40 1,016 15,550 6,872

250 225 200 175 150

35 630J 30

20

125 100 75 50 25

10

800

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2000

2200

2400

RPM

BR008LPS Revision 01
Allweiller, Fairmount Automation, Imo, Tushaco, Warren and Zenith are registered trademarks and Colfax, Colfax Corporation and Houttuin are trademarks of Colfax Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. 2009 Colfax Corporation. All rights reserved.

Colfax Americas / Imo Pump 1710 Airport Road Monroe, NC 28110 Tel: (877) 853-7867 Fax: (704) 289-9273 Email: Imo.Pump@colfaxcorp.com Internet: www.imo-pump.com

Imo Series 12D Pump

INLET ROTATABLE IN 90 INCREMENTS FOR EASE OF PIPING IDLER ROTORS

REPLACEABLE ROTOR HOUSINGS FOR EASE OF REPAIR HARDENED BALANCE PISTON NEGATES THE EFFECT OF DISCHARGE PRESSURE ON POWER ROTOR AXIAL THRUST

IDLER ROTOR BALANCE CUP NEGATES THE EFFECT OF DISCHARGE PRESSURE ON IDLER ROTOR AXIAL THRUST

CASE HARDENED THREAD GROUND SCREWS FOR DURABLE OPERATION POWER ROTOR SHAFT

RUGGED DUCTILE IRON CASING, STEEL, AVAILABLE AS AN OPTION IN MOST CASES

SINGLE MECHANICAL SEAL VENTED TO INLET PRESSURE

SINGLE, EXTERNAL, PERMANENTLY GREASE PACKED BALL BEARING

Shown above: 12D-118 typical of sizes 106 through 187

Performance Shown at 2000 PSID (138 BAR), 200 SSU (43 CST)
60 HZ: 870 1150 50 HZ:
400
400P 350

1750 1450 2900

3500

*Bi-metal construction only

960

1400 1200 1000

350 300 250


350G*

312
312P*

200
275

800
275E* 250

150
218

600 400
187

100 50

218L

156 137 118 106

200

800

1200

1600 2000

2400

2800 3200

3600 4000
12D-137 pump on compressor gas sealing service

RPM

On the cover...12D-218 pump


typical for sizes 218-400 shown with standard (top) inlet position. Outlet socket weld adapter is included with pump.

12D-400P on crude oil pipeline service in Alberta, Canada at 1440 PSIG (99 BAR)

12D-218 on hydraulic service

LITERS PER MINUTE

350P*

GPM

BROCHURE: BR006T6U REV 00 5-9-2006

Imo Series 12L Pump

HEAVY WALL STEEL CASING


INLET

BALANCE PISTON FOR AXIAL HYDRAULIC BALANCE REPLACEABLE HOUSING BALANCED MECHANICAL SEAL

OUTLET

CASE HARDENED THREAD GROUND SCREW SET INLET PORT ROTATABLE IN 90 INCREMENTS

EXTERNAL BALL BEARING

Model No. Code Example


Design Sequence

12L

S - 187P
Screw Set Size & Lead

Pump Series Steel Case Shaft Seal Carbide Seal Seat Foot Mount

Performance Shown at 3000 PSID (207 BAR), 200 SSU (43 CST)
60 HZ: 50 HZ: 100 350 80
200

1750 1450 2900

3500

300

GPM

60

187P

200 40
156

150

100 20
137 118

50

1200
On the cover...
12L-200 with inlet port rotated left

1600

2000

2400

2800

3200

3600

4000

RPM

Two 12L-187 pumps with 250 HP, 3500 RPM motors supplying 4375 psig seal oil to a North Sea platform gas reinjection compressor.

LITERS PER MINUTE

187

250

EJEMPLO DE SELECCIN

Se requiere seleccionar una bomba de tres tornillos IMO para transporte de 140 [gpm] de Fuel Oil Medium en la siguiente instalacin:

La diferencia de alturas en los dos niveles es de 15 [m] La longitud de succin se puede despreciar dado que la bomba opera muy cerca al tanque inferior. La longitud de la tubera de descarga es de 25 [m] y la vlvula que se muestra es de compuerta. El dimetro en succin y descarga es de 2 Seleccione la bomba que cumpla los requerimientos del sistema y calcule su velocidad de rotacin y potencia consumida.

Datos del Fluido: En un anexo a ste documento hemos recopilado los datos que nos son tiles para el transporte de algunos fluidos. Para el Fuel Oil encontramos: Nombre del Fluido Fuel Oil (EL) Extra light (L) Light (M) Medium (H) Heavy Temperatura [C] 20 20 20 20 Viscosidad [cSt] 6 16.5 520 8000 Gravedad Especfica 0.85 0.91 0.99 0.99 Presin de Vapor [KPa] 0 0 0 0

Datos de la Instalacin: Tenemos la longitud real de la tubera y queremos hallar la longitud total equivalente. Accesorios: - Entrada de tubera - Vlvula de compuerta - Codos de 45 (2) - Codos de 90 (2) - Salida de tubera

Buscamos la longitud equivalente para cada accesorio en una grfica como la que ofrece el libro de Crane (Flujo de fluidos en Vlvulas, Accesorios y Tuberas). El factor de friccin para la tubera de 2 es de 0.018. Con este valor podemos calcular la constante K para cada accesorio.

Entrada de Tubera Vlvula de Compuerta

K = 0.78 K = 8*0.018 = 0.144

Codos de 45 Codos de 90 Salida de Tubera

K = 16*0.018 = 0.288 K = 30*0.018 = 0.54 K=1

Con los anteriores valores de K vamos al nomograma de longitudes equivalentes. De all podemos obtener los siguientes datos: - Entrada de Tubera Le = 2.8 [m] - Vlvula de Compuerta Le = 0.5 [m] - Codos de 45 Le = 1.0 [m] (Total 2.0 [m]) - Codos de 90 Le = 2.0 [m] (Total 4.0 [m]) - Salida de Tubera Le = 3.6 [m] Longitud Equivalente de los Accesorios: 12.9 [m] Longitud Total Equivalente de la Tubera de Descarga: 37.9 [m]

Prdidas en la Tubera: Usamos las tablas de consulta rpida: La viscosidad de 520 [cSt] equivale a 2410 [SSU] (Multiplicando por el factor 4.6347)

Interpolando para 2410 [SSU], las prdidas son de 0.92 [psi/pie de tubera], multiplicado por los 124.3 pies de tubera (37.9 [m]), las prdidas de presin en tuberas vienen siendo de 114.8 [psi] Presin Diferencial de la Bomba El trabajo de la bomba consiste en transportar el fluido de un tanque a otro venciendo las prdidas de presin en la tubera y la diferencia de altura entre los dos tanques.

p = H f + pest
pest = H 2O SG h = 9810 N m 3 0.99 15[m] = 145.68[KPa ] = 21.1[ psi ]
Entonces,

p = H f + pest p = 135.9[ psi ]


Usamos la tabla de preseleccin de bombas de tres tornillos IMO, la cual nos ubica en el modelo que debemos usar, sabiendo el diferencial de presin de la bomba (137.1 psi) y el caudal que maneja (140 gpm)

Como nuestra presin es inferior a 150 psi, cualquier bomba nos servira (usando el primer criterio: Presin mxima). Descartamos el modelo ACE y 3E porque el caudal mximo que manejan no satisface las necesidades del problema y entonces usaremos el modelo UCF, el cual maneja hasta 800 [gpm] y 175 [psi]. Buscando las tablas de desempeo de dicho modelo encontramos que se ofrece con diferentes tamaos de rotor: 080N, 090N, 100N, 100L, 110N, 125L, 125N, los cuales estn listados en orden ascendente. Usaremos el rotor de menor tamao (080N), ya que satisface sin problemas las necesidades de caudal (Ya veremos porque). El fabricante nos ofrece la bomba acoplada a diferentes motores: 1750 y 1150 [rpm] (El motor a 1450 [rpm] se usa para 50 [Hz]). Podemos buscar el caudal impulsado con uno u otro motor: Para 1750 [rpm]

Interpolando para 2410 [SSU] 100 [psi] 150 [psi] 206.4 [gpm] 205.4 [gpm]

Interpolando para 135.9 [psi] 205.7 [gpm]

Para 1150 [rpm]

Interpolando para 2410 [SSU] 100 [psi] 150 [psi] 133.4 [gpm] 132.4 [gpm]

Interpolando para 135.9 [psi] 132.7 [gpm]

Nuestra situacin requiere 140 [gpm], por lo que la bomba girando a 1150 [rpm] no satisface la necesidad y a 1750 [rpm] est muy por encima. Tenemos dos posibilidades: Comprar la bomba girando a mayor velocidad y estrangular el flujo o buscar el punto ptimo de funcionamiento. La segunda opcin es ms econmica en consumo de potencia, pero es ah cuando entra la decisin del ingeniero.

La segunda opcin planteada: Al ser una bomba de desplazamiento positivo (Caudal proporcional a la velocidad de rotacin de la mquina) podemos encontrar el punto ptimo de funcionamiento as:

De donde se obtiene la velocidad de rotacin: 1210 [rpm] La potencia consumida puede hallarse interpolando en la tabla Para 1750 [rpm] A 100 [psi] 20.2 [HP] A 150 [psi] 26.5 [HP] Para 1150 [rpm] A 100 [psi] 12.3 [HP] A 150 [psi] 16.3 [HP]

Para 137.1 [psi]

24.9 [HP]

Para 137.1 [psi]

15.3 [HP]

Entonces, Para 1210 [rpm], Potencia consumida = 16.3 [HP]

bombas reciprocantes

Bombas reciprocantes
Terry L. Henshaw, Unin Pump Co.

Las bombas reciprocantes (alternativas) se utilizan en numerosas aplicaciones que exceden la capacidad de las bombas centrfugas o rotatorias. Algunos servicios se podran efectuar con una centrfuga o rotatoria, pero a expensas de un aumento en los requisitos de potencia y de mantenimiento. Debido a los altos costos de la energa, la bomba de potencia, con su elevada eficiencia mecAnica, se utiliza cada vez ms en muchas aplicaciones. Una bomba reciprocante es de desplazamiento positivo, es decir, recibe un volumen fijo de lquido en condiciones casi de succin, lo comprime a la presin de descarga y lo expulsa por la boquilla de descarga. En estas bombas se logra por el movimiento alternativo de un pistn, mbolo o diafragma. La bomba reciprocante no es cintica como la centrfu g a y no requiere velocidad para producir presin, pues se pueden obtener presiones altas a bajas velocidades. Esta es una de las ventajas de la bomba reciprocante en particular para manejar pastas aguadas abrasivas y lquidos muy viscosos. En la bomba de potencia se hace alternar el elemento de bombeo con una manivela o un cigeal. Esta bomba se mueve con un propulsor con eje rotatorio, como motor elctrico, de combustin interna o turbina. La bomba de accin directa se impulsa con un fluidomotor por medio de presin diferencial. Como estas bombas, originalmente, eran para impulsarlas con vapor, como la mayor parte de las bombas, se les llamaba bomba de vapor, no porque bombearan vapor, sino porque ste las impulsaba. Desde hace bastantes aos se han utilizado otros gases como fluidos-motores. El gas combutible que, en otra for21 de sephnbre de 1981

ma, se enviara con un regulador de presin para servicio de la planta, a menudo se enva a la bomba de accin directa para que funcione gratis. El aire comprimido se utiliza con frecuencia para impulsar bombas pequeas en servicios como pruebas hidrostticas y dosificacin de productos qumicos.

Razones para utilizar bombas reciprocantes


La justificacin para seleccionar una bomba reciprocante, en vez de una centrfuga o una rotatoria debe ser

154

BOMBAS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO POSITIVO ciona con vapor, se pierde muy poco calor entre la entrada y la descarga. La temperatura en el escape es la misma que se obtiene con estrangulacin. En los casos en que se estrangula vapor a alta presin a una presin ms baja para calentamiento, por ejemplo, para desaerear agua de alimentacin de calderas, el vapor se puede utilizar para mover una bomba de accin directa y el vapor en el escape se utiliza para el calentamiento. En este caso, el lado de potencia (anillos de pistn, vlvulas, etc.) funciona sin lubricacin para que el vapor de la descarga no contenga aceite.

el costo; no slo el costo inicial sino el costo total, incluso los costos de energa y mantenimiento. Algunas aplicaciones se prestan mejor para bombas reciprocantes. Los servicios tpicos incluyen limpieza con agua a alta presin (20 gpm a 10 000 psig), inyeccin de glicoles (5 gpm a 1 000 psig), carga con amoniaco (40 gpm a 4 000 psig). Otra aplicacin en donde es casi obligatoria la bomba reciprocante es para pastas aguadas abrasivas o materiales muy viscosos a ms de unas 500 psig. Los ejemplos son desde pasta aguada de carbn hasta mantequilla de cacahuate (man). La mejor caracterstica de la bomba de potencia es su alta eficiencia, pues suele ser de 85 a 94 %. La prdida de 10% incluye todas las que ocurren en las bandas, engranes, cojinetes, empaquetaduras y vlvulas. &a caracterstica de la bomba reciprocante es que la en-,futncin de la velocidad y es ms o meente,de la presin de descarga. Por ello, otencia de velocidad constante que mueve psig podr manejar cerca de 100 gpm a 3 000 psig. La bomba de accin directa tiene algunas ventajas ms que la bomba de potencia. Se usa para aplicaciones con alta presin y bajo flujo. Las presiones de descarga suelen ser ente 300 y 5 000 psig, pero pueden exceder 10 000 psig. La capacidad es proporcional a la velocidad entre el punto al freno y la mxima, sin que importe la presin de ahogo. La velocidad se controla con la estrangulacin del fluido-motor. Suelen ser autocebantes, en particular el tipo de bajo volumen del espacio de funcionamiento. En las bombas de accin directa casi no influyen las condiciones desfavorables, como vapores corrosivos, pues no tienen cubierta de cojinetes, caja de cigeal o depsito de aceite, salvo las que necesitan un lubricador. Algunas bombas de accin directa que quedaron cubiertas por una inundacin accidental, han seguido funcionando sin efectos dainos. Estas bombas son silenciosas, de fcil mantenimiento y sus bajas velocidades y construccin fuerte les dan larga duracin. Las bombas de potencia y de accin directa, con conexiones y accesorios especiales para trabajo a baja velocidad se han empleado con buenos resultados para pastas aguadas abrasivas. La baja eficiencia trmica de las bombas de accin directa suele, a veces, ser una ventaja. Cuando se las ac-

Aplicaciones
Las aplicaciones tpicas de las bombas reciprocantes son: Carga deglicoles. El etilenglicol o el trietilenglicol se bombea a un absorbedor a unas 1 000 psig para eliminar la humedad del gas natural. El glicol absorbe el agua, se lo estrangula a presin atmosfrica y se lo calienta para eliminar el agua. Despus, se enfra y se devuelve con la bomba al absorbedor. Para este servicio se utilizan bombas de potencia con motor y reciprocantes de accin directa. Carga de aminas. La monoetanolamina, otras aminas y los absorbentes patentados eliminan el sulfuro de hidrgeno y el dixido de carbono del gas natural. Se bombea el absorbente hacia un absorbedor a unas 1 000 psig y produce una accin similar a la de los glicoles. En las plantas grandes para tratamiento de gas se suelen utilizar bombas centrfugas; en las pequeas, son ms adecuadas las bombas de potencia propulsadas por motor elctrico. Petrleo pobre. El aceite para absorcin se utiliza igual que los glicoles y aminas pero absorbe los hidrocarburos como butano, propano y etano del gas natural. Inyeccin de agua salada. Un mtodo que se utiliza mucho para la recuperacin secundaria de petrleo y gas en los campos casi agotados, es inundar los yacimientos con agua, por lo general, agua salada en pozos perifricos para obligar a los hidrocarburos a moverse hacia el pozo central. En los campos pequeos se utilizan bombas de potencia. Eliminacin de agua salada. Se suelen utilizar bombas de potencia para bombear el agua salada a un pozo para eliminarla.

Bombas

reciprocantes

-r
de

r Horizonta i

Accin directa ~~~~~~]- Doble accin f~~~~ ~~~~

Fig. 1

Clasificacin

las

bombas

reciprocantes

BOMBAS RECIPROCANTES
Evitadores de reventones. Los evitadores de reventones, hidrulicos, siempre estn listos durante la perforacin de pozos de petrleo y gas para cerrar el pozo si se inicia el llamado reventn. La potencia hidrulica se aplica con bombas reciprocantes, con motor elctrico o neumtico. La presin normal de funcionamiento es entre 1 000 y 3 000 psig. Sistemas de oleoductosy gasoductos. Se utilizan bombas de potencia para inyectar amoniaco o hidrocarburos ligeros en estas tuberas. Se envan diversas pastas aguadas y petrleo crudo en las tuberas con bombas de potencia de pistn y mbolo. Sistemas hidrulicos. Se utiliza un lquido hidrulico, corno aceite soluble y agua en laminadoras de acero y petrleo difano (Keroseno) y aceite en las laminadoras de aluminio, para colocar los rodillos de las laminadoras y se emplean cilindros hidrulicos para mover el metal que se lamina. Estos sistemas de cargas con bombas de potencia con motor a una presin entre 1 000 y 5 000 psig. Produccin defertilizantes. Se utilizan bombas de potencia con prensaestopas especiales para bombear amoniaco a presiones hasta de 5 500 psig. Se utilizan bombas de potencia con extremos para lquido hechos de acero inoxidable y prensaestopas especiales para bombear carbamato de amonio a presiones hasta de 3 500 psig para la produccin de urea. Limpieza. El agua a presiones entre 7 000 y 10 000 psig enviada con bombas de potencia se utiliza para lavar equipos y estructuras. Tambores deshidratadores. La bomba de accin directa, de mnima holgura es muy adecuada para bombear los

155

hidrocarburos desde los tambores deshidratadores en las refineras, debido a su velocidad variable y su baja carga neta positiva de succin NPSH. Pruebas hidrostticas. Se utilizan bombas de potencia y de accin directa para las pruebas hidrostticas de equipos y sistemas. La bomba con mbolo de accin directa es muy adecuada para este servicio porque se ahoga a determinada presin y slo bombea si falla la presin. Pastas aguadas. Se emplean bombas de potencia y de accin directa par manejar pastas aguadas como mantequilla de cacahuate, detergentes, plsticos, carbn y minerales pulverizados en procesos y tuberas. Las presiones pueden llegar hasta unas 10 000 psig y las temperaturas a unos 700F. Dosificacion. Se utilizan diversas configuraciones de bombas de potencia y de accin directa para dosificar lquidos desde bombas grandes para tuberas con propulsin de velocidad variable y tambin las hay pequeas, de volumen controlado para inyectar cantidades precisas de productos qumicos en la corriente de proceso. Homogeneizacin. La leche y otros productos alimenticios y no alimenticios se homogeneizan para hacerlos uniformes y evitar la separacin. Gran parte de la homogeneizacin se logra al bombear el material con una bomba de potencia de mbolo hasta una alta presin y, luego, con la estrangulacin con una 0 ms vlvulas especiales.

Desventajas de las bombas reciprocantes


Las bombas reciprocantes tienen ciertas desventajas y la ms comn es el flujo a pulsaciones; por ello, se debe tener cuidado en el diseo del sistema. Ms adelante en este artculo aparece informacin al respecto. En la mayora de las aplicaciones los costos inicial y de mantenimiento de las bombas reciprocantes sern mayores que para las centrfugas 0 las rotatorias. La empaquetadura tpica en una bomba de potencia dura menos de tres meses, o sea mucho menos que un sello mecnico en un eje rotatorio. La bomba de accin directa tiene baja eficiencia trmica cuando se le impulsa con un gas como el vapor de agua. La eficiencia mecnica (fuerza de salida dividida entre la fuerza de entrada) es alta; pero, debido a que no tiene ningn componente, como un volante, para almacenar energa, el gas motor debe permanecer a la plena presin de entrada en el cilindro durante toda la carrera; al final de la carrera se expande el gas hacia el tubo de es-1 cape, pero no efecta ningn trabajo durante la expansin. Por tanto, la energa trmica del gas se pierde por friccin. El consumo aproximado de vapor de estas bonbas es de 100 lb/h por cada caballo hidrulico (hhp), es decir, por cada caballo hidrulico producido en el extr emo de lquido, se necesitan unas 100 lb/h de vapor. Cuando el fluido-motor es gas natural o aire, el consumo es alrededor de 3 500 ft estndar/(h) (hhp). La mayora de los problemas con las bombas reciprocantes se pueden evitar con la seleccin de bombas que trabajen a velocidades conservadoras, con diseo cuidadoso del sistema de bombeo y con mtodos de manteni-

Bomba de potencia horizontal, quntuplex

Bomba de pistn de doble accin, dplex, de accin directa

Fig. 2

Las bombas reciprocantes se pueden accionar con un motor elctrico o con fluido

156

BOMBAS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO POSITIVO


Extremo de impulsin Extremo de lquido

miento que conserven la aleacin entre el mbolo y el prensaestopas.

Clasificacin de las bombas


Las bombas reciprocantes, por lo general, se clasifican por sus caractersticas: w Extremo de impulsin, es decir, potencia o accin directa. I Orientacin de la lnea de.centros del elemento de bombeo, es decir, horizontal o vertical. n Nmero de carreras de descarga por ciclo de cada. biela, es decir, accin sencilla o doble accin. n Configuracin del elemento de bombeo: pistn, mbolo o diafragma. n Nmero de varillas o bielas de mando, es decir, smplex, dplex o mltiplex. En la figura 1 se presenta la clasificacin en forma de grfica. En la figura 2 se ilustran dos tipos de bombas reciprocantes. En las figuras 3 y 4 aparecen cortes transversales de bombas de potencia y de accin directa, respectivamente. El tamao de una bomba de potencia se indica primero con el dimetro del mbolo o pistn y despus la longitud de la carrera; en Estados Unidos se da en pulgadas. Por ejemplo una bomba designada 2 x 3 tiene mbolo de 2 in de dimetro y 3 in de carrera. En las bombas de accin directa se emplea el mismo sistema, excepto que el dimetro del pistn de mando va antes que el dimetro del elemento en el extremo del lquido. Por ejemplo,

Pist6n de doble accin, dplex

Fig. 4

En las bombas de accin directa se utiliza un fluido motor para impulsar el pistn desde una biela comn

una bomba designada 6 x 4 x 6 tiene pistn de mando o impulsin de 6 in de dimetro, pistn para lquido de 4 in de dimetro y carrera de 6 in.

Componentes del extremo del lquido


Todas las bombas reciprocantes tienen uno o ms elementos de bombeo (pistn, mbolo o diafragma) que alternan hacia dentro y afuera de las cmaras de bombeo para producir su accin. Cada cmara incluye, cuando menos, una vlvula de succin y una de descarga. Estas

Extremo del lquido4

c Extremo de Potencia

f?

#j d

Botella succibn -

Extremo de lquido

Extremo del Iouido-

Extremo de potencia

Pistn dplex
Gasa Pumps, lnc.

mbolo, accin sencilla


Ingersoll-Rand Co.

Fig. 3

Las bombas de potencia tienen motor elktrico para el propulsor y pueden ser horizontales o verticales

BOMBAS son vlvulas de retencin que se abren por la presin diferencial del lquido y la mayor parte de ellas estn bajo carga de resorte. El extremo del lquido es la parte de la bomba en que se efecta el bombeo. Los componentes comunes en todos ellos son el cilindro para lquido, el elemento de bombeo y las vlvulas. El cilindro para lquido es la pieza que retiene la presin en el extremo para lquido y es la parte ms importante de la cmara de bombeo. Suele incluir o soportar a todos los dems componentes del extremo del lquido. Un pistn (Fig. 5a) es un disco plano, cilndrico, montado en una biela y suele tener algn tipo de anillos selladores. Un mbolo (Fig. 5b) es una varilla lisa y en su configuracin normal slo puede ser de accin sencilla. Cuando se emplea pistn, los elementos selladores se mueven; cuando se emplea mbolo, son estacionarios. Un pistn debe sellar contra un cilindro o camisa dentro de la bomba. El mbolo slo debe sellar en el prensaestopas y slo toca la empaquetadura y, quiz, los bujes (casquillos) del prensaestopas. La bomba de pistn suele tener una camisa reemplazable que absorbe el desgaste de los anillos del pistn. En las bombas de mbolo no se requiere esa camisa, porque el mbolo slo toca el prensaestopas. El sellamiento entre la cmara de bombeo y la atmsfera se logra con un prensaestopas (Fig. 5c), que incluye anillos de empaquetadura que se adaptan y sellan contra el DI del prensaestopas y la biela.

RECIPROCANTES

157

a. Wlvuia guiada con aletas y asiento

b. Conjunto de disco y v8lvula

8. Pistn

c. Conjunto de disco y vhwla b. mbolo Fig. 6 Vblvulas para bombas reciprocantes

c. Prensaestopas Fig. 5 Componentes de bombas para el extremo reciprocantes de lquido

Si hay que inyectar un lubricante, lquido sellador o lquido para lavado en el centro de la empaquetadura, se necesitan un anillo de cierre hidrulico o una jaula de sello. El anillo produce un espacio anular entre los anillos de empaquetadura para que el lquido inyectado circule con libertad hasta la superficie de la biela. Las vlvulas de la bomba reciprocante se abren por la presin diferencial del lquido y son del tipo de retencin, de una gran variedad de formas, como de bola, hemisfrica, de disco y de asientos cnicos (Fig. 6).

158

BOMBAS

DE

DESPLAZAMIENTO

POSITIVO Presibn de

Empaquetaduras para bombas


El principal problema de mantenimiento en casi todas las bombas reciprocantes est en la empaquetadura. Aunque la duracin de una empaquetadura normal (estndar) en una bomba de potencia es de unas 2 500 h, en algunas instalaciones con prensaestopas especiales se han logrado ms de 18 000 h, con presin de descarga hasta de 4 000 psig. Una corta duracin de la empaquetadura puede ser causa de: 1) empaquetadura incorrecta para la aplicacin, 2) lubricacin insuficiente, 3) desalineacin del mbolo o la biela con el prensaestopas, 4) mbolo, biela, cavidad o bujes del prensaestopas gastados, 5) empaquetadura muy apretada o muy floja, 6) alta velocidad o alta presin, 7) temperatura alta o baja del lquido, 8) friccin excesiva, por demasiadas empaquetaduras, 9) la empaquetadura funciona en seco porque la cmara de bombeo est llena de gas, 10) condiciones de choque por gas arrastrado o cavitacin, resorte de vlvula roto o deficiente o problemas con el sistema, ll) slidos en el lquido bombeado, cuerpos extraos o lubricante, 12) instalacin o asentamiento inicial incorrecto de la empaquetadura, 13) formacin de hielo por lquidos voltiles que refrigeran y forman cristales de hielo al escapar a la atmsfera o por bombear lquidos a temperaturas menores de 32%. Las condiciones anteriores de corta duracin de la empaquetadura pueden indicar problemas en otro lugar en la bomba o en el sistema. Para obtener un bajo volumen de fugas o escurrimiento, la holgura entre el mbolo o la biela y la empaquetadura debe ser nula. Esto requiere que los anillos selladores sean blandos y flexibles. Como la empaquetadura es flexible, se puede escurrir en los espacios libres del prensaestopas, en especial entre el mbolo y el buje del impulsor. Si el buje no produce una barrera eficaz, se extruir la empaquetadura y aumentarn las fugas. Un juego de anillos de empaquetadura cuadrados o en V sufrir una gradiente de presin durante el funcionamiento (Fig. 7). El ltimo anillo de la empaquetadura contiguo al buje del prensaestopas es el que tendr la mxima carga axial, lo cual producir mayor deformacin, sellamiento ms hermtico y, por ello, la mxima cada de presin. Por tanto, la abertura entre el mbolo y el buje debe ser lo bastante pequea para evitar la extrusin de la empaquetadura. La mayor parte de las fallas de empaquetaduras se originan en este punto crtico del sellamiento. Debido a que el ltimo anillo de la empaquetadura es el ms crtico efecta la mayor parte del sellamiento y genera mucha friccin, requiere ms lubricacin que los otros. En las empaquetaduras no lubricadas (Fig. 7) este anillo necesita la superficie del mbolo para arrastrar parte del lquido bombeado de retorno para tener enfriamiento y lubricacin. Para maximizar la duracin de la empaquetadura, la altura total de la pila de anillos no debe ser mayor que la longitud de la carrera de la bomba. La corta duracin de la empaquetadura se ha debido al funcionamiento sin lubricacin de prensaestopas equipados con anillos de cierre hidrulico, en especial en bom-

Atmsfera Material bombeado

:
,

\\

: Garganta Empaquetaha cuadrada Fig. 7

\\

1, Seguidor del casquillo \ \ Punto crtico de sellamiento

Gradiente de presin a travs de la empaquetadura

bas con carrera corta de unas 2 in. El anillo de cierre en el centro de la empaquetadura, a veces, hace que la altura de ella sea mayor que la longitud de la carrera. Como el ltimo anillo de la empaquetadura necesita ms lubricacin que los otros, si se lubrica desde el lado atmosfrico es ms eficaz que la inyeccin de aceite a un anillo de cierre colocado en el centro de la empaquetadura. Se debe tener cuidado de que el lubricante llegue a la superficie del mbolo y lo bastante cerca del ltimo anillo, de modo que la carrera del mbolo arrastre al lubricante debajo del anillo. Si el lubricante gotea hacia el mbolo en el frente de la empaquetadura, quiz la carrera del mbolo no sea suficiente para llevar el lubricante debajo del ltimo anillo. Debido a que el ltimo anillo de la empaquetadura es el que ms se deforma, es el que mejor se adapta a las irregularidades en la cavidad del prensaestopas. Por tanto, cuando se aprieta la empaquetadura, la mayor parte de la fuerza se absorbe en el ltimo anillo con lo cual sella con ms fuerza contra el prensaestopas y el vstago. Muy poca fuerza de la empaquetadura se transmite a los anillos internos. Por tanto, el anillo inferior de la empaquetadura se debe asentar con firmeza durante la instalacin, con una varilla de punta plana o una pila de bujes de prensaestopas. Una vez armado el prensaestopas e instalado el mbolo, pero antes de llenar el extremo para lquido, es aconsejable apretar ligeramente la empaquetadura con la llave especial. Si se deja que las empaquetaduras asienten con la carga aplicada, la mayor parte de ellas fluirn y se adaptarn al prensaestopas y al mbolo. Se encontrar que despus de unos 10 minutos se puede volver a apretar la empaquetadura. Esto se debe repetir dos o tres veces o hasta que ya no se pueda apretar ms el anillo. Despus, hay que aflojar por completo la empaquetadura y dejar que se ensanche durante 10 15

BOMBAS
lo penetra ti en el Bmbolo

RECIPROCANTES

159

Buen diio. Pare agua frle y liquido8 de lubricidad comparable. Le longitud total de empaquetedure deba ser menor que le cerrera total del Bmbolo pere moier bii el ltimo de le empaquetadura con el llquid bombeedo.

/ Buen dieeflo. Le mayor parte del lubricante ee ve hacia el liquido. Puede ser cuadrado, en V 0 no ajueteble. \ El ltimo anillo hace casi todo el sellado y apriete m8e el Bmbolo

a. Prensaestopas estbndar sin lubricacin


lubricante el Bmbolo en lado atmoef6rico de

b. Prensaestopas estdndar lubricado


La celda total de presibn ea e trav6s de est unto de baje presin

El ltimo anillo hace ceei todo el sellado y apriete m6s en el Bmbalo Buen dieaflo. Pone lubricante bajo el Stimo anillo, donde m8e SB necesita. Permite user lubriceci6n e baje preei6n y por goteo. Escape muy poco lubricante el Ilquido. Puede ser cuadrado, en V o no ejueteble.

L - - - L L - LOS tres enilloe con plena carga mech~ica; aprieten mucho en el Bmbolo. Alta friccin produce calor exceeivo. Corte dureci6n de empaquetadura y (mbolos. Apliicacin incormcte del eetopwo eet&lder.

c. Prensaestopas lubricado opcional


) Purga e punto de be@ preei6n

d. Estopero estndar para purgar liquido bombeado


Cilindro IfquidO*. Buje .__ garganta ,/ Ceequillo de estopero / E m b o l o

Un sol0 anillo. I Se deecarge mecdnicamente. Le mucha carga nica carga ea le baje presin. Menores fricci6n y temperaturas que unidad de figura Bd. MBs duracin de empaquetadura y Bmbaloe. No se puede ajustar empaquetadura secundaria pare compensar deweete

Fugas mlnimee

Limkedo e eervicio intermitentes

Ajuste autom&ico

f. Empaquetadura con anilios en V con resorte, no lubricada


Casquillo grande ajusta ,. empequetedure primaria

e. Estopero modificado para permitir purga


- Lubricante el Bmbolo en ledo atmoef&ico de empaquetadura

Casquillo pequeflo ajusta empaquetadura secundaria , El ltimo anillo hace casi todo el sellado y apriete mis en el Bmbolo Buen dieeilo, larga duraci6n. fuges minimes. Pone lubricante bajo el ltimo anillo. donde mds se necesita. Permite uear lubricacin e baja presi6n y por goteo. Ajuste autom8tico. lelte preei6nl , Eete anillo hace cee todo el sello Empaquetadura secundaria (baja presall

g. Empaquetadura con anillos V con resorte, lubricada


Purga e ponto de baja presi6n Isucci6nl f r- Inyecci6n de lubricante A

El m& ueuel pere elte preei6n crtica. Permite ajuste independite de empaquetadura primaria y secundaria. El ajuste requbre un operario experto. Empaquetadura secundaria complete. Larga duracin de empaquetadura Lubricack5n positiva de empaquetadura. Excelente pera lquidos vol8tiles. Fugas externas insignificantes.

y Bmbolo

h. Prensaestopas de dos casquillos, lubricado

bptimo disefio pare casi todos loe servicios critico8 de alta presi6n. Combine lo mejor de estopero doble y empaquetadura con resorte. Fugas minimes, larga duracin, ajuste automi5tico.

Le lubricacin es opcional.

i. Empaquetadura en thndem con purga y lubricacin Fig. 8 Diseos de prensaestopas de bombas reciprocantes para lquidos de

Prensaestopas sin casquillo con empaquetadura cuadrada con resorte


J.

proceso

de

muchas

caractersticas

160

BOMBAS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO POSITIVO lo cual algunos anillos no tienen lubricante. En muchas bombas para inyeccin de agua salada que trabajaban a presiones mayores de 4 000 psig, Chesney inform que la duracin de la empaquetadura era de slo dos semanas cuando se intalaban 12 anillos en cada prensaestopas. Con tres anillos en cada prensaestopas, la duracin aproximada fue de seis meses.

minutos y volver a apretarla con los dedos, sin utilizar una llave. Ya se pueden abrir las vlvulas de corte y de.jar entrar el lquido a la bomba. Si se remoja la empaquetadura en aceite antes de instalarla, se tendr mejor asentamiento inicial y mayor duracin. Durante las primeras horas de funcionamiento de la bomba despus de cambiar la empaquetadura, hay que vigilar la temperatura del prensaestopas. Es normal que algunos funcionen ms calientes que otros, hasta 50F ms que la temperatura de bombeo. Slo si se excede la temperatura mxima especificada para la empaquetadura, habr que tomar medidas para reducir la temperatura de la caja. El mejor lubricante en la mayor parte de las instalaciones que tienen lubricadores para el prensaestopas es el aceite para cilindros de vapor, que est compuesto con sebo lo cual le da adherencia en la superficie del mbolo y es ideal para proveer una cua de lubricante entre el mbolo y la empaquetadura. El concepto de que las altas presiones de descarga requieren ms anillos de empaquetadura y que cuando mayor sea el nmero de ellos ms durarn, quiz haya sido vlido en mquinas de carrera larga y baja velocidad, pero no es aplicable en algunas bombas de potencia. Salvo que tengan abundante lubricacin, un mayor nmero de anillos produce calor adicional por friccin y arrastra el lubricante de la superficie del mbolo, con

Prensaestopas
En la figura 8 se ilustran los diseos de prensaestopas, incluso los tipos estndar sin lubricacin y algunos sistemas de lubricacin y purga para minimizar las fugas y prolongar la duracin de la empaquetadura. Un importante adelanto han sido las empaquetaduras bajo carga de resorte. Aunque este sistema se ha conocido desde hace ms de veinte aos y un fabricante ya lo utilizaba desde entonces, ahora ha logrado mayor Inters. La carga de resorte se aplica casi exclusivamente en los sellos y empaquetaduras en V (cheurones) pero tambin funciona con anillos cuadrados. El resorte siempre debe estar en el lado de presin de la empaquetadura y se pueden utilizar diversos tipos, como una sola espiral grande, espirales mltiples, arandelas onduladas, muelles Belleville y una arandela gruesa de caucho. La carga necesaria en el resorte es pequea en comparacin con la fuerza que aplica el lquido en la empaquetadura. La funcin principal del resorte es aplicar una pequea precarga para ayudar a asentar la empaquetadura y mantener a todos los bujes y anillos en su lugar durante el funcionamiento. Las empaquetaduras con carga de resorte tienen muchas ventajas, por ejemplo: w No requieren ajuste del casquillo; slo hay que apretarlo hasta que llegue a fondo y fijarlo. Esto elimina una de las mayores variables en la duracin de la empaquetadura, o sea la pericia del operario. n Permiten la dilatacin. Si se dilata la empaquetadura por el calor fricciona1 durante el asentamiento inicial, el resorte permite la dilatacin. n Compensan el desgaste. Cuando se desgasta la empaquetadura, ocurre ajuste automtico dentro del prensaestopas. Se elimina el problema de transmitir la fuerza a travs del anillo superior de la empaquetadura durante el ajuste. n Producen una cavidad. La cavidad en el resorte es un espacio anular para la inyeccin de lquido limpio cuando se trabaja con pastas aguadas. w Si el diseo de la bomba lo permite, se puede eliminar el casquillo. El prensaestopas, si es un componente separado, se puede desarmar y armar en el banco de trabajo (Fig. 8j). Las ventajas de la empaquetadura bajo carga de resorte se relacionan con la cavidad producida por el resorte o muelle. Dado que esta cavidad tiene comunicacin directa con la cmara de bombeo, el volumen de despejo adicional puede reducir la eficiencia volumtrica si el material bombeado tiene suficiente compresibilidad. En esta cavidad tambin se acumulan los vapores. Si el diseo de

Tiempo a. Simplex

g 100 .O 2 0 De lado A

I
Tiempo

b. Dplex
Fig. 9 Velocidades de flujo en bombas reciprocantes de accin directa de doble accin

BOMBAS la bomba no incluye respiracin en esa zona puede ocurrir reduccin en la eficiencia volumtrica. La empaquetadura bajo carga de resorte es el equivalente, en las bombas reciprocantes, de los sellos mecnicos para ejes o rboles rotarios. Tienen pocas fugas, larga duracin y se eliminan los ajustes. Los juegos de empaquetadura se pueden colocar en tndem con soporte independiente para tener reduccin escalonada de la presin o para atrapar las fugas de la empaquetadura primaria que no pueden escapar a la atmsfera.

RECIPROCANTES

161

Material del mbolo


El mbolo, despus de la empaquetadura, es el componente que necesita reemplazo ms frecuente. La alta velocidad del mbolo y la carga de friccin de la empaquetadura desgastan la superficie. A veces, se endurecen los mbolos para darles ms duracin; un mtodo muy comn es aplicarles un revestimiento duro de cromo, diversas cermicas, y aleaciones a base de nquel o de cobalto. Las caractersticas deseadas en el revestimiento son dureza, tersura, gran resistencia del ligado, resistencia a la corrosin y bajo costo, pero ningn revestimiento las incluye todas. Los revestimientos cermicos son ms duros que los metales, pero son quebradizos, porosos y a veces tienen baja resistencia de ligado y su porosidad reduce la duracin de la empaquetadura. La adicin de partculas duras como carburo de tungsteno en las aleaciones de nquel o cobalto que son menos duras, aumenta la duracin del mbolo a expensas de menor duracin de la empaquetadura.

del lquido. El extremo de potencia es de construccin similar al del lquido e incluye un pistn de doble accin y vlvulas. La diferencia principal es que el accionamiento de las vlvulas es mecnico mediante un sistema de control que detecta la ubicacin del pistn para hacer que la vlvula invierta el flujo del fluido-motor cuando el pistn llega al final de su carrera. El componente principal en el extremo de potencia es el cilindro de impulsin o potencia, que forma la mayor parte del lmite para la presin y soporta a las otras piezas. Al contrario que en el extremo de potencia, este cilindro no soporta el extremo del lquido.

Caractersticas del flujo


Cuando el elemento de bombeo se retrae de la cmara de bombeo, el lquido que hay dentro de ella se expande y se reduce la presin. Como la mayor parte de los lquidos no son comprensibles, se requiere muy poco movimiento del elemento para disminuir la presin. Cuando la presin disminuye lo suficiente a menos de la presin de succin, entonces la presin diferencial (o sea la presin de succin menos la presin en la cmara) empuja la vlvula de succin y la abre. Esto ocurre cuando el elemento se mueve con lentitud, por lo cual la vlvula abre en forma gradual y suave segn aumenta la veioc,dad del elemento. Despus, el lquido circula por la vlvula y sigue al elemento en su carrera de succin. Cuando el elemento desacelera cerca del final de su carrera, la vlvula de succin vuelve a su asiento en forma gradual y cuando se detiene el elemento, se cierra la vlvula. Despus, el elemento invierte su movimiento y empieza su carrera de descarga. Se comprime el lquido atrapado en la cmara de bombeo hasta que la presin en la cmara excede la presin de descarga en una cantidad suficiente para empezar a separar la vlvula de descarga en su asiento; la accin de esta vlvula es la misma que la de succin. La velocidad de flujo de una bomba smplex de doble accin, de accin directa, se ilustra en la figura 9a. La velocidad del lquido que entra y sale de la bomba cae a cero, dos veces por ciclo de bombeo. La bomba acelera con rapidez hasta su velocidad mxima, la mantiene y desacelera cerca del final de la carrera. La velocidad de flujo en la bomba dplex de doble accin, de accin directa, es casi constante (Fig. 9b). Un lado se pone en marcha antes de que se detenga el otro y el traslapo que se produce, con las vlvulas bien ajustadas, produce un flujo suave en los tubos de succin y descarga. En la bomba smplex de accin directa, se ajusta la vlvula deslizable en el extremo de potencia para cambiar la longitud de la carrera. Si la vlvula se desplaza antes de tiempo se reduce la longitud de la carrera; a menudo, la inversin de la carrera es tan rpida que ocurre un choque hidrulico. Esto no ocurre en una bomba dplex. Cada pistn de impulsin controla la vlvula del otro pistn. Esto reduce el movimiento muerto en el mecanismo de vlvulas

Componentes del extremo de potencia


El extremo de potencia de la bomba es donde est instalado el propulsor (Fig. 3). Su funcin es convertir el movimiento rotatorio de la mquina motriz en movimiento alternativo en el extremo para lquido. El componente principal del extremo de potencia es el bastidor que soporta todas las dems piezas motrices y, por lo general, el extremo de lquido. El segundo componente principal en el extremo de potencia es el cigeal o a veces un rbol de levas. La funcin del cigeal en la bomba de potencia es la misma que en un motor de combustin, excepto que la aplicacin de energa es en sentido opuesto. Los cojinetes principales soportan el eje o rbol en el bastidor de potencia. La biela se impulsa con un codo o mun del cigeal en un extremo e impulsa una cruceta en el otro. La cruceta slo tiene movimiento alternativo y el cigeal slo movimiento rotatorio y los conecta la biela. Aunque la cruceta es similar en construccin y movimiento a un pistn en un motor de combustin interna est montada en una biela corta o bieleta y el segundo extremo de ella est conectado en la biela del mbolo o del pistn. La funcin del extremo de potencia en la bomba de accin directa es convertir la presin diferencial del fluido-motor en movimiento alternativo en el extremo

162

BOMBAS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO POSITIVO po de dos elementos de bombeo. Las bombas cudruplex rara vez se fabrican porque el perfil resultante de velocidad, con sus codos desplazados 90, tiene mayor variacin que en la trplex. La bomba quntuplex tiene los codos del cigeal desplazados 72O con lo cual hay dos o tres elementos traslapados en todo momento. La velocidad slo vara un 7 % (5 % por abajo y 2 % por arriba de la velocidad promedio). Igual que en las trplex, el nmero de impulsos por revolucin es el doble del nmero de elementos de bombeo. Las bombas de potencia se construyen tambin con siete y nueve elementos de bombeo y sus variaciones de velocidad son de 4 % y 2 % . En resumen, las variaciones en la velocidad de las bombas de potencia son:
No. de elementos de bombeo de accin sencilla 2 Tipo de bomba Variacin en la variacin, 7%

y hace que el segundo lado empiece a funcionar ms pronto, pero no altera la longitud de carrera en ninguno de los lados. La longitud de carrera en la bomba dplex se determina por la cantidad de amortiguacin en cada extremo de cada cilindro. En las bombas grandes, a veces se instalan vlvulas amortiguadoras para regular la longitud de la carrera y sta no es ajustable. En una bomba de potencia, la velocidad del elemento (pistn, mbolo o diafragma) vara ms o menos de acuerdo con el seno del ngulo del mun o codo del cigeal. Sera una funcin senoidal perfecta si la longitud de la biela fuera infinita. Dado que la velocidad del lquido en la tubera es proporcional a la velocidad del mbolo se puede trazar como porcentaje del promedio (Fig. 10). En la bomba dplex de accin sencilla, los codos del cigeal estn desplazados 180, por lo cual no hay traslapo de las carreras de succin o descarga. Esto produce el perfil ilustrado y la velocidad vara entre cero y 160 % de la velocidad promedio, dos veces por revolucin. Cuando se agrega un solo elemento de bombeo ocurre una reduccin importante en la velocidad. La bomba de potencia trplex tiene los codos de cigeal desplazados 120 y el taslapo de 60 hace que dos elementos descarguen o succionen lquido en forma simultnea la mitad del tiempo. Por ello, el perfil resultante de velocidad es la suma de las tres ondas senoidales traslapadas, pero deformadas. La variacin en eficiencia es slo 25% de la promedio, la velocidad mxima es 82% de la velocidad promedio y la mxima es de 107 % . Para una capacidad promedio de 100 gpm los tubos de succin y descarga tendran capacidades mnimas de 82 gpm y mximas de 107 gpm. Una bomba trplex produce seis impulsos por revolucin, debido a las jorobas que ocurren durante el trasla-

3 5 7
9

Dplex Trplex Quntuplex Sptuplex Nnuplex

160 25 7
4

Al comparar estas cifras, se podra creer que la bomba trplex producira variaciones en la presin de alrededor de ll6 parte de la dplex y la quntuplex alrededor de 1/3 parte de las de la trplex. En realidad, si el flujo fuera totalmente turbulento y la friccin el nico factor que influyera en la presin, entonces las relaciones de variacin de presin seran el cuadrado de estas fracciones en funcionamiento a baja velocidad. Esto no ocurre con velocidades moderadas porque interviene la carga de aceleracin.

Dplex,

accin

sencilla

Carga de aceleracin
Debido a que la circulacin en los tubos de succin y descarga no es constante, tiene que acelerar y desacelerar cierto nmero de veces por cada revolucin del cigeal. Dado que el lquido tiene masa y, por tanto, inercia se requiere para producir la aceleracin y retorna al sistema al ocurrir la desaceleracin. Sin embargo, se debe preveer suficiente exceso de presin para acelerar el lquido en el lado de succin de la bomba y evitar la cavitacin en el tubo de succin, en la cmara de bombeo o en ambos. La aceleracin se puede entender con ms claridad si se cambian las escalas en la curvas de flujo (Fig. 10). Si se modifica la abscisa de grados de rotacin del cigeal a tiempo (para lo cual se divide entre 360 y revoluciones por minuto) y se cambia la ordenada a velocidad en el tubo, en vez de velocidad relativa al multiplicarla por la velocidad promedio, se tiene un trazo de velocidad contra el tiempo en los tubos de succin o de descarga. Para determinar la aceleracin se mide la pendiente de las curvas de velocidad. Por ejemplo, la aceleracin mxima en la bomba dplex ocurre dos veces por revolucin o sea a Oo y 180 de la rotacin del cigeal. La

3
5 2 e 3 2 $

J . __ Triplex, IU/

acci6n sencilla

100 82

1 0 29 5 0 90 180 270 Rotacin del cigeal, grados 360

Estas cuwas son aproximadas y representan bombas con biela de longitud igual a cinco veces el mufin del cigefial

Fig. 10

Curvas de flujo para bombas de potencia reciprocantes

BOMBAS bomba trplex produce mxima aceleracin a los 60, 180 y 300 de rotacin. Se podra calcular la masa del lquido en el tubo de succin, su aceleracin y la fuerza requerida y convertirlas a presin 0 energa por masa unitaria. Por fortuna, ya se ha hecho en las normas del Hydraulic Institute*, en las cuales se obtiene:

RECIPROCANTES

163

h, = LVNC/kg
en donde h, = carga de aceleracin, ft de lquido que se bombea; L = longitud real (no equivalente) del tubo de succin, ft; V = velocidad del lquido en el tubo de succin, ft/s; N = velocidad de rotacin del cigeal, rpm; C = constante que depende del tipo de bomba; k = constante que depende de la comprensibilidad del lquido y g = constante de la gravedad, 32.2 ft/s2. Los valores numricos de las constantes C y k son:
Tipo de bomba

Dplex, accin Trplex Quntuplex Sptuplex Nnuplex

sencilla

Constante,

0.200 0.066 0.040 0.028


0.022

Compresibilidad

Lquidos no compresibles, como el agua desaereada La mayor parte de los lquidos Lquidos compresibles como el etano

del

lquido

Constante,

1.4 1.5

2.5

Ejemplo: Una bomba trplex con mbolo de 3 in de dimetro y 5 in de carrera funciona a 250 rpm y bombea 109 gpm de aceite pobre con una densidad relativa de 0.78. La tubera de succin es un tramo de tubo cdula 40 de 6 in de dimetro y 40 ft de longitud. En los 40 ft est incluida la longitud real (no la longitud equivalente) de codos y tes. Determnese la carga de aceleracin. Se calcula que la velocidad en el tubo de succin es de 1.2 1 ft/s y se har un clculo conservador al dejar que k = 1.5. Por tanto, al sustituir los valores correspondientes en la ecuacin (1) se encuentra:
h a = 40(1*21)(25W.O66) 1.5(32.2) = 16 5 ft

cin para el tubo comn se supone que todas las bombas estn en sincrona 0 sea que funcionan como si fueran una sola bomba grande. Se suman las capacidades de todas las bombas para determinar la velocidad en la tubera. Miller3 inform que sus pruebas mostraron que la carga de aceleracin era mucho menor que la calculada con la ecuacin (1). Algunas instalaciones han tenido funcionamiento satisfactorio con una carga neta positiva de succin, NPSH, mucho menor que la indicada .como necesaria en la ecuacin (1). Por otra parte, tambin hay algunas instalaciones en las cuales la NPSH requerida concuerda con la ecuacin (1). No se conoce la razn de esta discrepancia, pero quiz se deba a que se libera gas o aire en el tubo de succin. Cualquier gas arrastrado en el lquido o acumulado en un punto alto en la tubera de succin tiende a absorber las pulsaciones de la bomba y reduce la carga de aceleracin. Algunos usuarios de bombas han informado que los estabilizadores de succin, que tambin se destinan a separar y acumular el gas, han requerido respiracin peridica. Si el estabilizador no hubiera estado en la tubera de succin, el gas habra entrado a la bomba y ocasionado funcionamiento de choque o en un caso extremo, hacer que una o ms cmaras de bombeo estuvieran cerradas por el gas. Sin el estabilizador, la agitacin en la tubera de succin habra sido ms grande y se habra liberado ms gas. Los choques de presin ocasionados por la entrada de gas pueden producir la falla de la bomba y componentes del sistema. Cualquier caracterstica del sistema de succin que tienda a absorber los impulsos de la bomba reducir la carga de aceleracin. En tal caso, el estabilizador de succin es ideal en los sistemas que tienen excesivas cargas de aceleracin o gases arrastrados en el lquido. Si el estabilizador se instala y mantiene de acuerdo con las normas del Hydraulic Institute2, reducir la longitud efectiva de la tubera de succin de la ecuacin (1) a alrededor de 10 dimetros del tubo, es decir, que con un tubo de succin de 6 in, L sera de unas 60 in o sea 5 ft. Esto dara, para el ejemplo, una carga calculada de aceleracin de 0.7 psi.

Carga neta positiva de succin


La carga neta positiva de succin, NPSH, se define como la diferencia entre la presin de succin y la presin de vapor, medida en la boquilla de succin con la bomba en marcha. En una bomba reciprocante, se necesita la NPSH para separar la vlvula de succin de su asiento y para contrarrestar las prdidas por friccin y la carga de aceleracin en el extremo de lquido. Debido a que una parte importante de la NPSH requerida (NPSH)R se emplea para abrir la vlvula, en particular a baja velocidad de la bomba y debido a que es un requisito de presin ms bien que de carga, la (NPSH)), en una bomba reciprocante se suele expresar en unidades de presin. Por ejemplo, si una bomba de potencia requiere 2 psi de NPSH (4.6 ft) cuando bombea agua, tambin requerir 2 psi de NPSH para bombear 9.2 ft de propano.

Por tanto, se requiere una carga de 16.5 ft para acelerar la columna de 40 ft de lquido. Al convertir esta carga a unidades de presin se obtiene:

h,(S.G.) paz-=
2.31

16.5(0.78) 2.31

= 5.6 psi

La ecuacin (1) no es lo bastante amplia para compensar factores como la elasticidad del sistema y la velocidad de una onda de presin en el lquido. Por ello, slo se recomienda para tubos de succin cortos y no elsticos. Si se utiliza la ecuacin para tubos de succin de ms de 50 ft, es probable que se tengan resultados inexactos. Si dos o ms bombas funcionan en paralelo con un tubo comn de succin, para calcular la carga de acelera-

164

BOMBAS

DE

DESPLAZAMIENTO

POSITIVO

La figura ll facilita entender la (NPSH), y la accin de las vlvulas de una bomba reciprocante. Las curvas son para una bomba de potencia trplex, horizontal, con carrera de 3 in y vlvula de succin de funcionamiento vertical; las vlvulas tienen aletas de gua y son grandes en relacin al dimetro del mbolo: entonces, la superlicie para flujo en el asiento de la vlvula es ms o menos igual que la superficie del mbolo. Como el eje de las vlvulas de succin est vertical, puede funcionar sin resorte si la bomba est a baja velocidad. Las curvas A y B indican los requisitos de NPSH para dos mbolos de dimetro diferente probados en el mismo extremo de lquido y sin resortes en las vlvulas de succin. La NPSH con mbolo de 1 718 in de dimetro y a 100 rpm es slo 0.7 psi (1.6 ft de agua), o sea menos que en la mayora de las centrfugas. La (NPSH), para el mbolo de 2 1/2 in a 180 rpm es de 1.2 psi. La velocidad de la bomba en esta configuracin est limitada por la capacidad de la vlvula de succin de funcionar al mismo ritmo que el mbolo. Como no hay resorte que empuje la vlvula contra su asiento, slo acta la gravedad para cerrar la vlvula en contra del lquido de entrada. Si la bomba trabaja a mucha velocidad, la vlvula todava no habr asentado cuando el mbolo invierta su carrera y empiece a entrar de nuevo en la cmara de bombeo. Entonces, el lquido tendr un flujo inverso momentneo, por el asiento y la vlvula cerrar de golpe y enviar una onda de choque hacia el mltiple y tuberas de succin. En ese momento, el mbolo se mueve a una velocidad finita pero la vlvula de descarga sigue cerrada. La presin en la cmara de bombeo exceder muy pronto de la de descarga y la vlvula de descarga se levantar de su asiento. Se transmitir una onda de choque desde la cmara de bombeo, por el mltiple de descarga hacia la tubera de descarga. La inercia de la vlvula de descarga la mover ms all de su punto neutral y habr exceso de comprensin del resorte. Cuando se detiene la vlvula de descarga el resorte trata de volverla a su posicin neutral pero la inercia la mueve otra vez ms all y hace que la presin en la cmara tenga un ligero aumento. Esa oscilacin de

6 5

velocidad

mhxima

recomendad

0 Fig. 1 1

100 200 300 400 Velocidad de le bomba, rpm La carga de las vlvulas influye en la NPSHIR

500

la vlvula de descarga se amortigua y anula con rapidez. Todo lo anterior ocurre en una fraccin de segundo, pero se puede medir con un transductor de presin en la cmara de bombeo y exhibirlo en un osciloscopio de rayos catdicos. Las lneas verticales en los extremos de las curvas A y B (Fig. 11) indican velocidades seguras dentro del intervalo de funcionamiento de la vlvula de succin. Las curvas C y D son para los mismos dos mbolos, pero se han agregado resortes ligeros en las vlvulas de succin. Debido a que ahora se necesita vencer la fuerza del resorte y el peso de la vlvula de succin para abrirla, la (NPSH), ha aumentado alrededor de 100% en relacin con las curvas A y B. Estos resortes cierran las vlvulas con ms rapidez y el funcionamiento es suave a altas velocidades. Si se desean velocidades ms all de los extremos de las curvas C y D se necesitan resortes ms fuertes que permitan el funcionamiento entre 300 y 400 rpm. La (NPSH), es unas tres veces mayor que la de las curvas A y B y flucta entre 2 y 4.5 psi. Las curvas A hasta F representan una bomba equipada con el mismo resorte estndar en la vlvula de descarga; slo se ha cambiado el resorte de la vlvula de succin. Si se requiere trabajar a velocidades ms all de los lmites de las curvas E y F se requieren resortes muy fuertes en las vlvulas de succin y descarga. La (NPSH), es alrededor del doble de la requerida. con los resortes estndar y flucta entre 4.5 y 9 psi. Estos valores de (NPSH), no son presiones manomtricas, sino presiones ms altas que la presin de vapor. Por ejemplo, si se bombea agua desaereada a 70F (presin de vapor de 0.4 psia) la bomba del ejemplo, con mbolos de 2 1/2 in de dimetro, sin resortes en las vlvulas de succin y que trabaje a 150 rpm, requerir una presin de succin de 1.5 psia (es decir, 1.1 psi de (NPSH), + 0.4 psia de presin de vapor) o sean unas 27 in Hg a nivel del mar. Dado que el agua casi siempre contiene aire disuelto, su presin de vapor es ms alta que la del agua desaereada, cosa que a menudo no se tiene en cuenta al calcular la NPSH. El Hydraulic Institute2 recomienda un margen de NPSH de 3 psi para bombas de potencia en sistemas en donde el lquido ha estado expuesto a un gas que no sea su propio valor. Un lquido como el propano en su punto de burbujas en el recipiente de succin no necesita ese margen. Para minimizar el problema del aire disuelto, se efectuaron pruebas de NPSH con agua a su punto de ebullicin o cerca del mismo en el recipiente de succin que dieron por resultado las curvas de la figura 11. Como se describi, las bombas reciprocantes en las condiciones correctas pueden funcionar con una presin de succin inferior a la atmosfrica. Pero esta situacin puede ocasionar succin de aire por la empaquetadura y hacia la cmara de bombeo en la carrera de succin; este aire ocasionar tantos problemas como el arrastrado por el lquido. Se reducir la capacidad, la bomba puede estar ruidosa, habr vibracin del sistema y se pueden daar la bomba y componentes del sistema.

BOMBAS RECIPROCANTES Esta entrada de aire se puede reducir con un lquido sellador externo, como aceite lubricante que se enve contra la superficie del mbolo o dentro de la empaquetadura. Un mtodo muy eficaz es el de instalar un anillo de empaquetadura con pestaa de sello continua en cada lado de un anillo de cierre hidrulico, con ambas pestaas hacia el anillo e inyectar aceite con un lubricador mecnico en el anillo de cierre. Se debe tener cuidado de no aplicar presin excesiva contra el anillo porque puede daar la empaquetadura, el lubricador o el prensaestopas.
64

165

& m E p 2 f m 0 m 8 0

63

62

61
n con eje horizontal

60
/ / 1 j /

Wvula de dis

Criterios para pruebas de la NPSH


Para efectuar las pruebas de la NRSH en las bombas de potencia se mantienen constantes la velocidad y la presin y descarga y se vara la NPSH disponible (NPSH), en el sistema. La capacidad permanece constante con todos los valores de (NPSH), superiores a cierto punto; cuando se reduce la (NPSH), a menos de ese valor se empieza a reducir la capacidad. En la figura 12 aparecen muestras de datos de la prueba de NPSH. En una accin similar a la de la cada de curgu de 3 70 utilizada en las pruebas de NPSH en bombas centrfugas, los fabricantes de bombas reciprocantes han establecido una cada de ca@Ad de 3% como criterio para definir la (NPSH),. En las bombas de desplazamiento positivo no se pueden utilizar la carga o la presin, pues es el sistema y no la bomba lo que determina la presin de descarga. Por tanto, se reduce la (NPSH), hasta que la cada de capacidad es mayor de 3 % ; luego, se establece la NPSH que estaba disponible con la reduccin del 3 7% mediante la definicin, como (NPSH), para esa velocidad. La (NPSH), por la bomba trplex fue de 0.85 psi y es el valor para el cual se vender esa bomba. Si se la hace funcionar con 0.85 psi de (NPSH)A se producir cavitacin igual que en una bomba centrfuga. Estos datos plantean dos preguntas: 1 . iProducir daos a la bomba o el sistema el funcionamiento de la bomba con cavitacin? 2. iCunta (NPSH)* adicional se requiere para eliminar toda la cavitacin? Ningna de estas preguntas es fcil de contestar. La respuesta ala primera se basara en el lquido bombeado y las presiones de descarga. Si se hiciera funcionar esta bomba con un hidrocarburo ligero y con baja presin diferencial (200 a 300 psi) sera difcil detectar el efecto de la cavitacin. Con 0.85 psi de (NPSH),4, la relacin entre el volumen de vapor y el volumen de lquido sera menor que con agua y la relacin o razn de comprensin (presin de descarga y presin de succin) sera menor que la relacin de 100 o ms que hubo durante la prueba con agua caliente. Como ambas relaciones son bajas, es pequea la distancia que recorrera el mbolo en su carrera de descarga antes de comprimir el lquido a su presin de descarga y el resultado sera mayor capacidad. Adems, el aplastamiento de las burbujas de vapor durante la carrera de descarga es mucho ms suave con el hidrocarburo ligero lo que producir menos daos en las

01
0

I
0.5

IGC-. lNPSHtR I

= 0 85 PSI

l
4

1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 Carga neta positiva de succin disponible, psi

Fig. 12

Resultado de pruebas de NPSH en bomba de potencia trplex

superficies metlicas y menor transmisin de choque a los cojinetes del extremo de potencia; ste tendra carga ligera y los componentes podran soportar mucho mejor las cargas de choque. El resultado sera una bomba de funcionamiento silencioso y suave con larga duracin de los cojinetes. Por el contrario, si esta bomba manejase una amina a una presin de descarga de 1 000 psig, el efecto de la cavitacin sera ms pronunciado. Con 0.85 psi de (NPSH)A la capacidad sera menor y la contraccin ms severa de las burbujas aumentara los daos a las superficies metlicas y producira choques intensos. Como los cojinetes y otros componentes en el extremo de potencia tendran mayor carga inicial por la alta presin de descarga, no podran soportar los choques sin daarse. La respuesta a la segunda pregunta tampoco es concluyente. Al examinar la figura 12 se encuentra que se logra la plena capacidad con 1.5 psi de (NPSH),, y esto podra hacer pensar que con ese valor se eliminara toda la cavitacin. Esto es errneo. Como menciona Collier4, la cavitacin puede ocurrir en una bomba reciprocante sin reducirle su capacidad. La cavitacin incipiente ocurre durante la parte inicial de la carrera de succin porque el mbolo o el pistn estn acelerando y desaparece en la parte final porque hay desaceleracin. Por tanto, la cmara de bombeo se llena por completo con lquido al final de la carrera de succin y no se altera la capacidad de la bomba. La capacidad slo se reduce cuando la cavitacin es tan severa que el aplastamiento completo de las burbujas no ocurre hasta que el mbolo est en su carrera de descarga. Aunque las burbujas se aplasten por completo en la carrera de succin, pueden ocurrir daos. Durante la contraccin, el lquido choca contra la cara del mbolo y produce daos semejantes a los que ocurren en el ojo del impulsor de una bomba centrfuga en circunstancias similares. El choque resultante se transmite por la vlvula de succin que est abierta y hacia el tubo de succin y a veces produce vibraciones y ruido. Que se sepa, no se ha intentado cuantificar el margen adicional de (NPSH), que se necesitara para impedir toda la cavitacin.

166

BOMBAS

DE

DESPLAZAMIENTO

POSITIVO

Caractersticas del par (torsin)


Con presiones de succin y descarga fijas, una bomba de potencia requiere un par (torsin) de entrada que es. independiente de la velocidad, excepto los incrementos a velocidades muy altas y muy bajas. Una bomba de potencia requerir el mismo par al 25 % o al 50% de la velocidad nominal y, por tanto, requerir el 50 % o el 25 $.T de la potencia nominal. En la figura 13 se ilustra la variacin en el par promedio segn la velocidad en una bomba de potencia trplex tpica. La curva del par a plena carga (Fig. 13) es al arranque con plena presin de descarga. El par al arranque es alrededor del 150% del par promedio de funcionamiento con plena carga. Conforme aumenta la velocidad y se establece la lubricacin necesaria en el extremo de potencia y en la empaquetadura, el par cae al valor de plena carga y plena velocidad y, luego, es constante hasta llegar a velocidad total. Para tener arranque con menos esfuerzo del equipo, la descarga de la bomba retorna por tubos hasta el recipiente de succin, con lo que la presin de descarga es casi igual a la de succin. La curva sin carga (Fig. 13) indica los requisitos del par que impone la bomba en el sistema propulsor. El par o torsin al arranque es alrededor del 25 % del par a plena carga y variar segn sea el tipo de empaquetadura y cojinetes y el tiempo que haya estado parada la bomba. Cuando se aumenta la velocidad, el par caer alrededor del 10% del de plena carga. El aumento en el par indicado por la curva sin carga a velocidades altas se debe al aumento en la carga de friccin en el sistema de derivacin conforme aumenta el volumen de flujo.

140 $ L 120 2 2 P
m tij 2100 80

p 60 s 8 40 20 0 0 20 40 60 80
100

Velocidad, % de la de plena carga

Fig. 13

El par (torsin) es funcin de la presin de descarga.

Carga del mbolo


La carga del mbolo se define como la fuerza transmitida al extremo de potencia por un mbolo. En bombas de accin sencilla, para calcular la carga en el mbolo de descarga se multiplica la presin de descarga por la superficie de la cara de un mbolo. La carga del mbolo de succin es la presin multiplicada por la superficie del mbolo. Una bomba de potencia se especifica por la carga mxima del mbolo o biela que puede absorber el extremo de potencia cuando la presin de succin es de cero. Algunas bombas se especifican para funcionamiento continuo, otras para intermitente y, algunas, para ambos.

presin de succin, psi; p; = potencia de entrada del propulsor, hp. Por lo general, la potencia de entrada incluye las prdidas en una propulsin con bandas (correas) o integral con engranes, pero no las prdidas en una unidad con engranes separadas o de velocidad variable. La eficiencia mecnica de una bomba de potencia a menudo excede del 90% (Fig. 14) y a veces es mayor que la eficiencia de su motor. Como se indica en la fgura 14, qrn vara con la carga y la velocidad. En algunas bombas ocurre un cambio en nrn cuando cambia el dimetro del mbolo; los mbolos grandes en las bombas de baja velocidad tienen menor eficiencia por el aumento en las prdidas de las vlvulas y empaquetadura. Cuando se reduce la velocidad se reduce la eficiencia de la bomba trazada en la figura 14. Esta reduccin, en apariencia, se debe a un ligero aumento en la friccin en los cojinetes y empaquetadura. En otras bombas se presenta una situacin opuesta, debida en apariencia a una reduccin en las prdidas en las vlvulas. La eficiencia mecnica disminuye cuando se.reduce la carga del mbolo y se debe a que la potencia de salida (potencia hidrulica) cae con mayor rapidez que las pr-

100

ap 8o

$70

Eficiencia mecnica: bomba de potencia


La eficiencia mecnica (llamada tambin eficiencia de la bomba) de una bomba de potencia se define como la relacin entre la potencia de salida, Po y la potencia de entrada P, y en forma de ecuacin es:

.2 60 m' 460 8 E 40 .m 2 .g 30 g 20
10 0

9m = pi = 1,715Pi

PC3

Q( w

20

40

60

80

100

Carga del mbolo, % de la mxima

en donde q,,, = eficiencia mecnica total de la bomba; Q = capacidad, gpm; AP = presin de descarga menos

Fig. 14

La eficiencia mechica depende de la velocidad y la carga.

BOMBAS

RECIPROCANTES I

167
1oc

didas por friccin y se convierte en una parte ms pequea de la entrada de potencia. Si se prolongasen estas curvas hasta cero carga del mbolo, la eficiencia sera cero porque tambin lo sera la salida de potencia, pero se necesitara algo de potencia para contrarrestar las prdidas por friccin. Algunos especialistas en aplicaciones de bombas utilizan un valor fijo de 85 % para la eficiencia de la bomba, sin que importen las presiones de funcionamiento. Como se puede ver en las curvas, resulta seguro para muchas aplicaciones porque, por lo general, la bomba de potencia se utiliza para presiones de descarga de ms de la mitad de su capacidad nominal. Hay algunos servicios en los que la presin diferencial es baja y el empleo deqm = 85% har que se utilice un propulsor de menor tamao.

Bomba de pistn dDlex. acci6n directa. horizontal d e 6 x 4 x 6 con vSllvulade placa

80
E

80 60 40 20 0

g 60 m: 2 g 40 J 20

0
Fig. 15

10

20 30 40 50 Velocidad de la bomba, ciclos/min de una bomba

60

70

Eficiencia mecnica: bomba de accin directa


En la bomba de accin directa, la eficiencia mecnica es la relacin entre la fuerza aplicada al lquido por el pistn o el mbolo y la fuerza aplicada al pistn propulsor o de mando por el fluido motor. Dado que la mayor parte de estas bombas son de doble accin, se utilizan las presiones diferenciales en ambos extremos de ellas y dado que las prdidas por friccin de fluido en las vlvulas y orificios se incluyen en las de la bomba, estas presiones se miden en los orificios de entrada y de salida. Al expresarlas en forma de ecuacin se tiene:

Eficiencia mechica de accin directa

ALAPL
9m = A,APD

(3)

en donde: q,,, = eficiencia mecnica de la bomba, A, = superficie del pistn o mbolo para lquido, AP, = presin diferencial a travs del extremo del lquido, A, = superficie del pistn propulsor y APo = presin diferencial a travs del extremo de potencia. La superficie de la biela suele ser pequea en relacin a la del pistn y a menudo no se la tiene en cuenta. Sin embargo, se la debe tener en consideracin cuando la superficie de la biela es parte importante de la superficie del pistn. La eficiencia mecnica de una bomba tpica de accin directa se presenta en la figura 15 y se ver que 71, aumenta conforme se reduce la velocidad. Esta caracterstica esla que permite controlar la bomba con la estrangulacin del fluido motor con lo que se reduce la presin diferencial disponible para propulsin y se hace que la bomba funcione con mayor eficiencia, es decir, a velocidad ms baja.

Se ha evitado utilizar el trmino capacidad entregada porque connotara que el volumen se medira en la descarga de la bomba. Dado que en la mayor parte de los lquidos se comprimen un valor mensurable cuando se mueven desde la succin hasta la descarga, el volumen de flujos, gpm, es menor en la descarga que en la succin, aunque el flujo de masa sea el mismo. Casi siempre, el ingeniero de proceso indicar los requisitos de capacidad y las caractersticas del lquido en las condiciones de succin de la bomba, porque se desconocen las caractersticas en la descarga. Adems, si el sistema incluye un medidor de flujo o aforador por lo general estar en el lado de succin para no tener que emplear uno para alta presin en el lado de descarga. Para conveniencia y uniformidad, se utilizar el trmino capacidad para indicar el volumen de gasto en el tubo de succin. La segunda mitad de la ecuacin (4) es el desplazamiento de la bomba. Se debe evitar el trmino desplazamiento terico pues no tiene nada de ello, pues es real y fcil de medir. El desplazamiento es el volumen desplazado por el elemento de bombeo por unidad de tiempo. En una bomba de mbolo trplex, de accin sencilla, la ecuacin es:

D = 3(m/4)d2

IN

(5)

Eficiencia

volumtrica

en donde D = desplazamiento, in3/min; d = dimetro del mbolo, in; 1 5 longitud de carrera, iny N = velocidad del cigeal, rpm. Ejemplo: Calclese el desplazamiento de una bomba trplex de 2 x 3, que funciona a 330 rpm. Al sustituir los valores numricos en la ecuacin (3) se obtiene:

En una bomba reciprocante, la eficiencia volumtrica se define como la relacin entre la capacidad Q y el desplazamiento D o sea

D = 3(~/4)(2)~(3)(330) = 9 330 in3/min


Se divide entre 231 para convertir las pulgadas cbicas a galones:

71, = Q/D

(4)

D = 9 330/231 = 40.4 gpm

166

BOMBAS

DE

DESPLAZAMIENTO

POSITIVO

Durante las pruebas se determin que la capacidad de esta bomba era de 39.2 gpm. Por tanto, la eficiencia volumtrica es: q7, = Q/D = 39.2/40.4 = 0.97

jo en el extremo de lquido y menores que las permitidas por la especificacin para el extremo de potencia.

Velocidad de la bomba de potencia


Quiz el factor que ms se ha discutido respecto a las bombas de potencia es la velocidad mxima permisible. Con el empleo de la bomba trplex con carrera de 3 in como ejemplo, se encontrar que algunos fabricantes las ofrecen para funcionar a 500 rpm. Un constructor de unidades porttiles para limpieza con agua acostumbra hacerlas funcionar a 600 rpm. La mayora de los usuarios de este tamao de bomba en servicio continuo prefieren operarlas a no ms de unas 400 rpm. En las bombas de potencia trplex de 3 in de carrera se ha aumentado la velocidad, a lo largo de los aos, de 150 rpm a 520 rpm. Aunque las mejoras en la construccin del extremo de potencia y el de lquido han permitido que la bomba funcione a velocidades ms altas, a expensas de menor duracin de las empaquetaduras, el principal obstculo a las altas velocidades ha sido el diseo del sistema. Al principio, algunos ingenieros pensaban que una bomba ms pequea, para funcionar a velocidad ms alta para lograr la misma capacidad, producira menos pulsaciones en los tubos de succin y descarga, pero no ocurre as. La variacin de velocidad en la tubera para una bomba trplex es de 25% sin que importen su tamao o velocidad (Fig. 10). Para la misma capacidad, una bomba ms pequea y que trabaje a ms rpm producir los mismos volmenes mnimo y mximo de flujo y ms impulsos por segundo. Dado que la carga de aceleracin aumenta en proporcin directa con la frecuencia, cuan-

Ms adelante se mencionar el efecto del volumen de despejo y de la compresibilidad de lquidos sobre la eiiciencia volumtrica. Aunque la eficiencia volumtrica se refleja en la eficiencia mecnica, las dos no por necesidad se mueven al mismo tiempo. Es posible tener una qm elevada, con una baja Ra,, debido a la compresibilidad de los lquidos o una TJ~ baja con una qV elevada, como la que ocurrira en una instalacin con alta presin de succin y baja presin diferencial.

Grficas para seleccin de bombas


En una bomba reciprocante la equivalente de la curva de rendimiento de una bomba centrfuga es la grfica para seleccin. Cada fabricante produce estas grficas en forma diferente. Todas consisten, bsicamente, en lneas rectas porque el desplazamiento va en proporcin directa con la velocidad. La figura 16 es una grfica para una bomba trplex con carrera de 3 in. La velocidad del cigeal se traza contra el desplazamiento con los diferentes dimetros de mbolos disponibles para esa bomba. Las presiones mximas de descarga en la parte superior de la grfica son aquellas a las cuales funcionara el mbolo para cargar el extremo de potencia a su valor nominal de 4 460 lb. Las presiones indicadas para los mbolos de 1 1/4 y de 1 718 in son presiones de traba-

Cilindro

nmero

---

71 *

550 52.6 2 500 E 0 jj 400 E 2 s $ 300 z E p 200 46.6 m 45.8 fi 42.3 2 ;;:; 5 3 35.2 & 33.4 m 30.4 0 26.0 z 24.6 2 22.2 = 19.7 .: 16.6 i p1

loo 50 0 40 50 60

Desplazamiento, gpm

Fig. 16

Grhfica para seleccin de una bomba trplex

BOMBAS do se duplica la velocidad de la bomba tambin se duplica la carga de aceleracin y se reduce la (NPSH), del sistema. Adems, si se duplica la velocidad se necesita resorte de vlvula ms fuerte, lo que aumenta la (NPSH), de la bomba. Si la (NPSH), cae por abajo de la (NPSH), , ocurrirn cavitacin y golpeteo. La mejor resolucin de ese problema es un amortiguador eficaz en la tubera de succin, pero se vuelven menos eficaces a altas frecuencias debido a la inercia de sus piezas movibles y la del lquido que contienen, que debe oscilar para que funcionen. Cuando ms se necesita el amortiguador, muchas veces no responde. Mediante observaciones en el campo, el autor ha establecido un grupo de velocidades mximas recomendadas para servicio continuo (Fig. 17). El funcionamiento intermitente y cclico a ms de esas velocidades se ha encontrado satisfactorio. Los factores como el diseo de la bomba, diseo del sistema, gas arrastrado, altas temperaturas, slidos arrastrados, alta viscosidad y la exigencia de baja intensidad del ruido pueden exigir velocidades ms bajas. La velocidad mnima de una bomba de potencia se determina por su capacidad para proveer suficiente lubricacin en todas las superficies del cojinete y apoyo en el extremo de potencia. Algunas bombas pueden funcionar bien a apenas 20 rpm o menos. A otras, hay que mantenerlas a 100 rpm 0 ms. Las bombas de accin directa funcionan con velocidades que suelen estar entre 0 y 50 ciclos/min segn sea la longitud de la carrera. La capacidad de estas bombas para funcionar a velocidades que pueden bajar hasta el punto de ahogo, es deseable en algunas aplicaciones.

RECIPROCANTES

169

Sistemas ropulsores de bombas B potencia e


La unidad motriz ms comn para las bombas de potencia es el motor elctrico, aunque a veces se utilizan turbinas, motores de combustin y otras mquinas motrices. Las velocidades de las bombas de potencia suelen ser entre 20 y 500 rpm; los motores tpicos trabajan entre 1 000 y 1 800 rpm. Por ello, hay que conectar el eje
500

o rbol del motor con el eje de la bomba con algn reductor de velocidad. En unidades de menos de 100 hp, se utilizan las correas (bandas) en V, aunque tambin se emplean bandas dentadas, cadenas y engranes. Para ms de 100 hp, se emplean ms los engranes y menos las bandas y cadenas. En ocasiones se emplean unidades motrices de velocidad variable para dosificar en forma precisa el lquido en el sistema. Los motovariadores pequeos suelen tener poleas de paso variable, pero hay problemas de mantenimiento si no se aplica un factor de servicio suficiente al determinar su tamao. Con ms de 60 hp, la velocidad variable se obtiene con acoplamientos hidrulicos y embragues de corriente parsita. Aunque son eficaces para controlar la velocidad y la capacidad de la bomba, el usuario debe tener en cuenta que no obtiene ahorros de energa si opera la bomba a velocidad reducida, salvo que la presin de descarga caiga de acuerdo con la capacidad. Para tener presin de descarga constante, la bomba Irequiere una entrada constante de par o torsin. El acoplamiento hidrulico y el embargue de corriente parsita necesitan el mismo par de entrada que de salida. Por tanto, el eje de entrada aI acoplamiento que gira a velocidad constante y requiere un par constante, tambin necesita entrada constante de potencia. Cuando estos mecanismos se utilizan para bombas centrfugas, se ahorra energa a baja velocidad porque el par requerido para ellas vara ms o menos en relacin al cuadrado de la velocidad. Debido a que la eficiencia mxima de las unidades motrices de velocidad variable es de alrededor del 97 % , la potencia requerida en la unidad motriz es siempre 3 % mayor que la mxima requerida por la bomba. Por ello, en muchas plantas sus bombas de potencia funcionan a velocidad constante y se deriva el exceso de capacidad de retorno al recipiente de succin. Tambin se utilizan motores de velocidad mltiple en combinacin con derivaciones para controlar la capacidad. Los motores de induccin con impulsin de frecuencia variable y las transmisiones hidrostticas ha logrado cada vez mayor aceptacin para las bombas por el menor consumo de energa a baja velocidad de la bomba.

Diseo del sistema


Slo la velocidad es ms importante que el diseo del sistema para lograr una instalacin satisfactoria. Un diseo inadecuado producir vibraciones y ruidos en el sistema. Las pulsaciones pueden ser de suficiente intensidad para daar los componentes de la bomba y los instrumentos. La experiencia en el campo y la informacin del Hydraulic Institute aparecen condensadas a continuacin como lineamientos para a) recipiente de succin, b) tubera de succin y c) tubera de descarga. Para el recipiente de succin se necesita: w Ser lo bastante grande para proveer suficiente tiempo de retencin para que los gases libres se eleven a la superficie del lquido.

Longitud de carrera de bomba, in

Fig. 17

Velocidades mAximas en servicio continuo

de bomba de potencia

170

BOMBAS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO POSITIVO w Que incluya una vlvula de desahogo de un tamao que deje pasar toda la capacidad de la bomba que no exceda del 110% de su presin de disparo o apertura. La descarga de la vlvula de desahogo debe retornar al recipiente de succin para que los gases desprendidos en la vlvula no vuelvan a la bomba. n Que incluya un tubo y vlvula de derivacin para poder volver a arrancar la bomba en contra de una insignificante presin de descarga. n Que incluya una vlvula de retencin para no aplicar la presin del sistema en la bomba durante el arranque. Los detalles de un buen sistema diseado como se describe antes aparecen en la figura 19.

n Que los tubos de succin y retorno penetren ms abajo del nivel mnimo de lquido. H Incluir un rompedor de vrtices en el tubo de succin de la bomba. n Incluir una placa desviadora para enviar las burbujas de gas a la superficie. La parte superior de la placa debe estar sumergida lo suficiente en el recipiente para evitar alteraciones. Para el tubo de succin se necesita: n Que sea lo ms corto y directo que sea posible w Sea uno o dos dimetros de tubo ms grande que la conexin de succin en la bomba. w Tenga una velocidad promedio de lquido menor que los valores de las curvas de la figura 18. H Tenga el mnimo de recodos; hay que utilizar codos largos o laterales. H Impida la acumulacin de vapores en la tubera. No debe tener puntos altos sin respiraderos. El reductor en la bomba debe ser del tipo excntrico instalado con el lado plano hacia arriba. H Calcularlo de modo que la (NPSH), que permita la carga de aceleracin sea mayor que la (NPSH)),. n Incluir un estabilizador de succin, botella o amortiguador de pulsaciones en el tubo de succin y adyacente al extremo de lquido si la carga de aceleracin es excesiva. w Tener una vlvula de corte de apertura total para no restringir el flujo a la bomba. n No utilizar pichancha o filtro salvo que se les pueda dar mantenimiento peridico. El agotamiento producido por una pichancha obstruida puede producir ms daos en la bomba que los slidos. Para el tubo de descarga se necesita: n Que sea uno o dos dimetros de tubo ms grande que la conexin de descarga en la bomba. n Que tenga una velocidad promedio menor de tres veces la velocidad mxima en el tubo de succin. w Que tenga el mnimo de recodos; hay que utilizar codos largos o laterales. n Que incluya un amortiguador de pulsaciones o mtodos para instalarlo, adyacente al extremo de lquido de la bomba.

Correcciones para (NPSH)A

baja

La velocidad en el tubo de succi6n esta basada en una carga de aceleracin de 0.7 ft por pie de longitud del tubo. En el tubo de descarga se aconseja tener una velocidad de tres veces la de SUCCi6rl.

Cuando se disea el sistema de succin para una bomba reciprocante, se puede encontrar que la (NPSH), es menor que la (NPSH),. Entre las correcciones para la NPSH baja estn: w Aumentar el dimetro de la tubera de succin. n Reducir el dimetro del tubo de succin al tenderlo en una trayectoria ms directa o bien acercar la bomba al recipiente de succin. n Instalar una botella o estabilizador de succin o amortiguador de pulsaciones adyacentes al extremo de lquido de la bomba. Una botella ha dado buenos resultados con presiones menores a 50 psig, pero se necesita mantener el nivel de lquido. Muchas veces, un tramo de manguera de caucho en el tubo de succin, junto con la bomba, reducir la carga de aceleracin. n Elevar el recipiente de succin o el nivel del Iquido en el mismo. n Reducir la temperatura del lquido que se bombea. n Reducir la velocidad de la bomba de potencia o instalar una ms grande que trabaje a menor velocidad. Con una velocidad ms baja, puede ser posible operar la bomba con resortes suaves o sin resortes en la vlvula de succin. Si las correcciones anteriores son insuficientes, imprcticas o imposibles, se debe instalar una bomba reforzadora que, para una bomba de potencia suele ser centrfuga, aunque a veces se emplean bombas reciprocantes de accin directa y rotatorias. La (NPSH), para la bomba reforzada debe ser menor que la del sistema. La carga de la reforzadora debe exceder de la (NPSH), de la bomba de succin ms las prdidas en la tubera ms la carga de aceleracin en, cuando menos, 20%. La reforzadora se debe instalar junto al recipiente de succin e instalar una botella o amortiguador de pulsaciones junto a la bomba de potencia para proteger la reforzadora contra el flujo a pulsaciones.

Para descargar la bomba


1

50

100

150

200

250

300

350 rpm

400

450

500

Velocidad del cigeAal, Fig. 18

Gua para velocidad mxima en tuberas con bombas de potencia de accin sencilla

Si se instala un tubo de derivacin para permitir el arranque de la bomba cuando sta descarga, se logran ciertos beneficios. El ms importante es que se pueden cebar todas las cmaras de bombeo; cada una de ellas en una bomba reciprocante es independiente y funciona

BOMBAS en paralelo con las dems. En una bomba mltiplex hay la posibilidad de cebar una sola cmara mientras las dems estn llenas de vapores. La bomba reciprocante suele ser autocebante. Pero, el gran volumen de despejo o volumen libre en casi todas ellas, imposibilita que el mbolo produzca presin apreciable de descarga cuando una cmara est llena con gas. Por lo general, la bomba estar llena de aire despus del mantenimiento y en algunas cmaras penetra aire que se infiltra por la empaquetadura durante los periodos de paro. En el arranque, a menudo se succiona el aire del tubo de succin a la bomba. Por ello, es necesario mantener baja la presin de descarga durante ms o menos los primeros 30 segundos de funcionamiento. Esto permite que se expulse el gas de cada cmara de bombeo y que est cebada cuando queda expuesta a la presin de descarga. En muchos sistemas slo es posible mantener baja la presin de descarga con un tubo de derivacin; no se debe conectar en la succin de la bomba porque sta volvera a succionar el gas. Otros beneficios se logran con el arranque de una bomba de potencia en contra de una presin insignificante de descarga. El par al arranque ser el 25% del de plena carga, con lo cual se puede emplear un motor con par o torsin normal al arranque, que reduce el tiempo en que hay mxima corriente. Adems, los acoplamientos, bandas V, engranes o cadenas tendrn poca carga. El extremo de potencia de la bomba podr formar pelculas completas de lubricante en las superficies de deslizamiento y los mbolos se mojarn con el lubricante o con el lquido bombeado. Si una bomba empieza a funcionar con brusquedad o se reduce su capacidad durante el funcionamiento normal, es probable que haya succin de gas a una o ms cmaras de bombeo. Si el sistema tiene tubo de derivacin (Fig. 19) slo hay que abrir la vlvula de derivacin hasta que salga el gas. Si persiste la succin de gas, hay que buscar y eliminar su fuente.
Placa desviadora Nivel mnimo ,, de liquido

RECIPROCANTES

171

Si por los requisitos del proceso o en una emergencia es indispensable arrancar la bomba de potencia en contra de la presin del sistema, se recomienda que: 1) el par de arranque del motor debe superar, cuando menos, en 50% al par de funcionamiento; 2) los componentes del sistema propulsor deben ser adecuados para el par de arranque del motor; 3) la bomba no debe estar parada ms de 10 h sin tener algn sistema para prelubricar los cojinetes del extremo de potencia y 4) se deben mantener cebadas las cmaras de bombeo.

Volumen de despejo
El volumen de despejo o libre de la cmara de bombeo en la bomba reciprocante es el volumen en ella cuando el mbolo o pistn est al final de su carrera de descarga (Fig. 20). El volumen libre, c, se suele expresar como fraccin o porcentaje del desplazamiento, d y se denomina relacin c/d o porcentaje de espacio libre. La mayor parte de las bombas reciprocantes tienen una relacin c/d de 2 a 4 (200 % a 400 %) y estos valores son mayores en las bombas de mbolos que en las de pistones. Se han diseado bombas de mbolo con relaciones c/d de apenas 0.5. Las bombas de pistn con mnimo volumen libre, destinadas a lquidos voltiles, tienen relaciones c/d de alrededor de O. 15 Todos los lquidos se comprimen, algunos ms que otros, cuando aumenta la presin. Entre 15 y 10 000 psia, el agua se comprime 3 % . El propano se comprime alrededor de 5% entre 150 y 3 000 psia. El lquido atrapado en el volumen libre a presin de descarga se debe expandir hasta la presin de succin antes de que se abra la vlvula de succin. Si en una bomba con relacin c/d de 3 se bombea un lquido que se comprime 5%, el mbolo se debe mover un 15 % de su carrera de succin antes de que la presin en la cmara baje hasta la presin de succin. Esto ocasiona una reduccin de 15 % en la capacidad, medida en el tubo de succin. Cuando se hace la seleccin de la bomba, su tamao debe ser 15 % mayor del normal y al determinar el propulsor es preferible que tenga la potencia requerida para agua, porque el lquido podra ser una mezcla menos compresible que lo previsto. La relacin c/d tambin se refleja en la capacidad de autocebado o de eliminacin de gases de la bomba reciprocante, si se llena de gas. Con un volumen libre de 15 % , una bomba puede producir una relacin de presin de 15 con aire, pero con un volumen libre de 300 % slo se logra una relacin de presin de 1.5. Cuando hay aire atmosfrico inicialmente en la cmara, la primera bomba citada descargara a alrededor de 200 psig y la segunda slo a unas 7 psig. Por tanto, si llegan a succionar cualquier cantidad de gas, habr un descenso notable en el rendimiento.

Vlvula de desahogo con 10% de acumulacin

Codo

largo

apertura

total

Alta presin de succin


aductor excntrico, de succin do plano hacia arriba
Nmero minimo de codos. Buen soporte para tubos.

Fig. 19

Buen disefto de sistema para bombas reciprocantes

La alta presin de succin requiere cuidados especiales en las bombas reciprocantes, en particular las de accin sencilla. En las bombas de accin sencilla y doble,

172

BOMBAS DE DESPLAZAMIENTO POSITIVO didas necesarias en su construccin, se han producido altas temperaturas y corta duracin de los cojinetes en ellos. El cojinete que sufre ms desgaste suele ser el del pasador de la cruceta, pero como tiene la carga en el mismo sentido en todo momento, no hay golpeteo y la bomba funciona sin ruido. Para resolver el problema de la alta presin de succin se resuelve con el cambio de lugar de los puntos para entrada de aceite o con el empleo de cojinetes especiales. Tambin es necesario reducir la presin mxima permisible de descarga. Si slo hubiera la preocupacin por la flexin del cigeal, la presin de descarga se reducira en 1/3 de la seccin. Las pruebas indican que las temperaturas en el extremo de potencia, aunque tengan los cojinetes adecuados, aumentan mucho con una alta presin de succin. Se encontr en una bomba que un aumento de 1 psi en la presin de succin equivali en el extremo de potencia a un aumento de temperatura por un incremento de alrededor de 1.5 en la presin de descarga. Una alta presin de succin perjudica mucho a la eticiencia mecnica. La mayora de las bombas de potencia con pistn son de accin sencilla. Por tanto, las cargas aplicadas en el extremo de potencia no son proporcionales a la presin diferencial (descarga menos succin) como ocurrira en una bomba de doble accin, sino que son ms semejantes a la suma de la presin de descarga y la presin de succin. El extremo de potencia experimenta los efectos de la plena presin de descarga de cada mbolo en la carrera de descarga y de cada mbolo en carrera de succin. Tambin experimenta una carga casi igual a la que habra si ese mbolo estuviera descargando a la presin de succin. Este aumento en las cargas de cojinetes y en la friccin en la empaquetadura hace que aumente la prdida por friccin. Al mismo tiempo, el aumento en la presin de succin hace que se reduzca la potencia de salida (hidrulica). Esta combinacin hace que disminuya la eficiencia mecnica, a veces en forma importante. El consumo de potencia se puede predecir con una exactitud razonable si se calcula la potencia que requerira la bomba a la presin nominal de descarga y con succin a presin atmosfrica y, luego, se resta la cantidad de potencia lograda por la bomba con la presin de succin. Se trata de determinar la eficiencia de la succin y se ha encontrado que es de 3 a 5% menor que la efkiencia.de descarga; para tener valor conservador, se resta 5 %. En el siguiente ejemplo se describe el clculo de 10s requisitos de potencia para una alta presin de succin. carga de 1 000 psig a 30 gpm. La bomba seleccionada es trplex de 2 x 3 con carga nomina1 mxima en el mbolo de 4 460 Ib a 330 rpm. iCul es la eficiencia mecnica total de la bomba? Primero, se calcula que la carga del mbolo de descarga es: (~/4)(2~)(1 000) = 3 140 Ib Despus, se calcula cul fraccin representa esto de la carga mxima de la bomba a partir de: 3 140/4 000 = 0.705. Con las curvas de la figura 14 se determina que

Fig. 20

El volumen libre altera la capacidad de la bomba

puede ser necesario aumentar las presiones de diseo de la brida y mltiple de succin. Una bomba de pistn de doble accin a veces necesita un vstago de gua par? igualar las fuerzas aplicadas al pistn durante ambas carreras. En otra forma, la fuerza de la presin de succin aplicada en la carga externa grande del pistn puede exceder de la fuerza de la presin de descarga que acta en la superficie ms pequeia, porque en ella est la biela, de la cara interna. En este caso, la biela estar en compresin todo el tiempo, cosa indeseable en las bombas de accin directa y las de potencia. Esta tcnica no est disponible para las bombas de potencia de accin sencilla. Conforme sube la presin de succin, aumenta la carga aplicada en los cojinetes, cigeal y otros componentes del extremo de potencia. Un diagrama del momento de flexin del cigeal en una bomba trplex indica que 3 psig de presin de succin imponen el mismo momento de flexin en el cigea1 que 1 psig de presin de descarga. Entonces, para determinar la presin efectiva de descarga, sobre la base del momento de flexin del cigeal, se agrega 1/3 de la presin de succin a la presin de descarga. Otro factor en una bomba de accin sencilla es el efecto de la alta presin de succin sobre los cojinetes. Si la presin de succin excede en alrededor de 3 % de la presin mxima de descarga, la biela permanece en compresin durante la carrera de succin; debido a esta carga continua de compresin, los cojinetes en ambos extremos de la biela soportan el esfuerzo continuo en la misma zona. Si se,introduce aceite en cualquier cojinete por un agujero en el centro de esa zona, no podr pasar el aceite. Hay un problema adicional en el pasador o perno de la cruceta porque el cojinete de la biela oscila en el pasador en un arco total de unos 22. LOS sistemas de lubricacin a presin no ayudan en la solucin del problema porque las presiones en los cojinetes son de alrededor de 1 000 psig y los sistemas de lubricacin rara vez funcionan ms de 60 psig. Cuando se han utilizado los extremos de potencia en condiciones de alta succin y cargas elevadas sin las me-

BOMBAS RECIPROCANTES la eficiencia mecnica de esta bomba con esta carga es: q7m = 0.89, en el supuesto de que la empaquetadura est lubricada. Ahora se rearregla la ecuacin (2) para encontrar la potencia de entrada y se tienen en cuenta las presiones de succin y descarga. El resultado se convierte en:

173

Pi*m

QP,hra - 0.05) 1 715

38(500)(0.89 - 0.05) p, = 38(1,000) 1 1 715 1 715(0.89) -

Pi = 24.9 - 9.3 = 15.6 hp


La salida de potencia de la bomba se calcula con: p, =+$=s= 11.1 hp

Para tener duracin adecuada de la empaquetadura y el mbolo, hay que evitar que la pasta aguada llegue a la empaquetadura. Los mtodos incluyen un anillo raspador entre el material bombeado y la empaquetadura, un buje de garganta larga, inyeccin de lquido limpio hacia la garganta, intercalar un diafragma o pistn flotante entre el mbolo y el material y eliminacin completa de las vlvulas en la zona del prensaestopas. Esto ltimo requiere una columna de lquidos entre las vlvulas y el prensaestopas, que aumenta el volumen libre y la carga de aceleracin dentro de la bomba. A menudo se requieren vlvulas especiales para pastas aguadas. Segn sea el tipo de slidos, pueden ser de bola, de campana, de asiento cnico con inserto de elastmero, tipo guiado con aletas con asiento de superficie reducida o de disco con asientos especiales. La construccin especial puede impedir que la pasta aguada llegue a la empaquetadura, pero no hay forma de evitar el contacto directo de las vlvulas con la pasta.

La eficiencia mecnica general con esta carga es de 11.1 - = 0.71 vm=pi= 15.6 Entonces, una bomba que tiene una eficiencia mecnica de 89 % con una presin de succin de 0 psig y una presin de descarga de 1 000 psig, sufre una reduccin de la eficiencia al 71% si se aumenta la presin de succin a 500 psig. Aunque la eficiencia de descarga, utilizada en la ecuacin (6) sea del 89 % y la eficiencia de succin del 84 % , la eficiencia total es 71% . Para evitar confusiones cuando se informe de las eficiencias de bombas que funcionan con alta presin de succin, hay que entender el fenmeno descrito y tener cuidado de sealar con claridad de cul eficiencia se trata. La ecuacin (6) dar resultados precisos para todas las presiones de succin aunque, por lo general, no se utiliza hasta que la presin de succin exceda del 5 % de la de descarga.

Agradecimientos
El autor desea agradecer a la empresa en que trabaja su apoyo al preparar este artculo y sus departamentos de ingeniera y promocin de bombas reciprocantes que suministraron fotografas y dibujos. Adems, a Gaso Pumps Inc., y a Ingersoll-Rand Co., por el suministro de dibujos e informacin.

Referencias
1. Chesney, A. J. r., Water Injection-Pump Development, Paper 68-PET-ll, ASME, N e w iJ r k , 1968. o 2. Hydraulic Institute Standards, 13th ed., Hydraulic Institutc, Cleveland, 1975. 3. Miller, J. E., Experimental Investi ation of Plunger Pump Suction Conditions, Paper 64-PET-14, ASME, 3 ew York, 1964. 4. Collier, S. E., Know Your Mud Pump-Part 5: Knocking, Wworld Oi& Gulf Pub. Co., Houston, 1958/1959.

El autor
Ten-v L. Henshaw es eerente de investig&n y desarrollo di la Union Pump Co., Battle Creek, MI 49016. Anteriormente fue gerente de la divisin de bombas reciprocantes en Battle Creek e ingeniero de ventas en su oficina de Houston. Antes, trabaj en Ingersoll-Rand. Ha fungido como presidente de la seccin de bombas reciprocantes del Hydraulic Institute y como miembro del grupo de trabajo d e l API q u e p r e p a r l a n o r m a API 674 para bombas reciprocantes de desplazamiento positivo. Es miembro de ASME e ingeniero profesional registrado en Texas y Michigan.

Aplicaciones para pastas aguadas


La bomba reciprocante estndar no est destinada a manejar pastas aguadas. Se necesitan modificaciones en los diseos normales y, en algunos casos, diseos especides para tener funcionamiento y duracin de componentes satisfactorios.

PRESELECCIN
SERIE NP
Modelo NP10 NP16 NP25 Qmax [l/min] 14.6 20.8 48.4 Pmax [bar] 140 210 300 KWmax 4.1 6.2 14.3

SERIE p
Modelo P11 P21 P22 P30/31 P41 P45 P50 P52 P55 P62 P71 P80/81 Qmax Pmax KWmax [l/min] [bar] 14,7 150 4.5 23.1 200 5.9 28.3 280 8.6 42.5 220 11.0 58.2 250 17.9 85.5 250 29.1 93.8 110 20.3 30.0 500 29.5 164.6 200 42.8 175.0 420 42.4 249.1 700 70.0 400.0 200 110

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN BAUREIHE HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS SERIES

NP10

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min
-1

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 140 140 140

Output max. l/min 10.6 13.1 14.6

WaterTemp. max. C 70 70 70

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 18 18 18 mm 10.0 12.4 14.1 kg 5.3 5.3 5.3 mWs 6.4 6.4 6.6

NP10/10-140 00.3810 NP10/13-140 00.3811 NP10/15-140 00.3812

3.0 3.6 4.1

1450 1450 1450

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP10/10-140
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

140 636 70 5.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 90 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.9 100 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 110 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3 120 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 130 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.8 140 2.5 2.7 3.0

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

7.3 8.1 8.8 9.5 10.6

438 486 528 570 636

1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

180 180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186 186

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

1 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP10/13-140
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

140 786 70 5.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 90 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.3 100 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 110 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 120 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.1 1 x SPZ 130 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.4 140 3.0 3.3 3.6

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

9.1 10.0 10.9 11.8 13.1

546 600 654 708 786

1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

180 180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186 186

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP10/15-140
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

140 876 70 5.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 90 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.6 100 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 110 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.2 120 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.5 1 x SPZ 130 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.8 140 3.4 3.6 4.1

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

10.1 11.1 12.1 13.1 14.6

606 666 726 786 876

1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

180 180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186 186

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN BAUREIHE HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS SERIES

NP16

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min-1 1800 1450 1450 1450 Output max. l/min 13.9 15.0 18.3 20.8 WaterTemp. max. C 70 70 70 70

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 210 210 140 140

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 18 18 20 20 mm 10.6 14.1 14.1 16.0 kg 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 mWs 8.0 5.8 7.7 9.5

NP16/14-210 00.5089 NP16/15-210 00.5090 NP16/18-140 00.5091 NP16/21-140 00.5092

5.8 6.2 5.0 5.7

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP16/14-210
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

210 835 70 7.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1800/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 140 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.8 160 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.4 180 3.8 4.1 4.4 4.7 4.9 190 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 200 4.6 4.9 5.2 5.5 2 x SPZ 210 5.1 5.4 5.8

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

10.8 11.6 12.4 13.1 13.9

649 696 742 788 835

1400 1500 1600 1700 1800

180 180 180 180 180

185 185 185 185 185

140 150 160 170 180

145 155 165 175 185

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

1 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP16/15-210
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

210 900 70 7.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 140 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.1 160 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.7 180 3.7 4.0 4.4 4.8 5.3 190 3.9 4.3 4.6 5.0 5.6 200 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.9 2 x SPZ 210 5.1 5.6 6.2

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

10.3 11.4 12.4 13.4 15.0

618 684 744 804 900

1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

180 180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186 186

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

1 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP16/18-140
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 140 bar max. 1098 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 7.3 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 90 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.2 100 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.6 110 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 4.0 1 x SPZ 120 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.3 130 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.7 140 4.2 4.5 5.0 2 x SPZ

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

12.6 13.9 15.1 16.4 18.3

756 834 906 984 1098

1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

180 180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186 186

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP16/21-140
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 140 bar max. 1248 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 7.3 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 90 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.7 100 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.1 110 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.0 4.5 120 3.4 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.9 130 4.0 4.4 4.8 5.3 140 4.7 5.1 5.7 2 x SPZ

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

14.3 15.8 17.2 18.6 20.8

858 948 1032 1116 1248

1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

180 180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186 186

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

1 x SPZ

* Die in den Tabellen gewhlten PKS und MKS sowie das gewhlte Keilriemenprofil dienen als Anhalt fr die Antriebsauslegung. Je nach bersetzungsverhltnis knnen auch Motore mit anderen Drehzahlen und entsprechend genderte MKS / PKS verwendet werden. Zwischengrssen von Frdermenge / Drehzahl bzw. Druck / Menge / KW knnen durch lineare Umrechnung ausreichend genau bestimmt werden. Allgemeine Formel zur Ermittlung des Kraftbedarfs: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

* The stated pump and motor pulley sizes as well as the V-belt model stated in the table serve as a guide in setting up the drive configuration. Depending on the transmission ratio. motors with other speeds together with properly sized motor and pump pulleys can also be used. Intermediate values for output / speed and pressure / output / kW can be established by linear extrapolation. A general formula for calculating power is: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1505 2.5 0901P

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN BAUREIHE HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS SERIES

NP25

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max. Pressure max. bar 300 250 200 180 170 150

Code No.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger Hub Gewicht NPSHR menge temp. - max. max. max. ca. RPM Output Water- Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH Temp. dia. Required max. max. max. approx. min-1 1450 1450 1450 1450 1450 1450 l/min 20.8 25.0 31.1 37.3 40.4 48.4 C 70 70 70 70 70 70 mm 18 18 22 22 25 25 mm 20 24 20 24 20 24 kg 16.6 16.6 17.0 17.0 17.0 17.0 mWs 8.7 9.3 6.4 6.8 8.0 9.3

NP25/21-300 00.6155 NP25/25-250 00.6154 NP25/30-200 00.6153 NP25/38-180 00.6152 NP25/41-170 00.6151 NP25/50-150 00.6150

12.3 12.4 12.2 13.2 13.5 14.3

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP25/21-300
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 300 bar max. 1249 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 16.6 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Auen- Eff.Dia. Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 200 5.7 6.2 6.8 7.3 8.2 220 6.2 6.8 7.5 8.1 9.0 240 6.8 7.5 8.1 8.8 9.8 260 7.3 8.1 8.8 9.5 10.7 2 x SPA berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight max. 250 bar max. 1500 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 16.6 kg 280 7.9 8.7 9.5 10.3 11.5 300 8.5 9.3 10.2 11.0 12.3

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

14.4 861 1000 180 186 15.8 947 1100 180 186 17.2 1033 1200 180 186 18.7 1119 1300 180 186 20.8 1249 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP25/25-250
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Auen- Eff.Dia. Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 150 5.1 5.6 6.1 6.7 7.4 170 5.8 6.4 7.0 7.5 8.4 190 6.5 7.1 7.8 8.4 9.4 210 7.2 7.9 8.6 9.3 10.4 2 x SPA berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight max. 200 bar max. 1865 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 17.0 kg 230 7.9 8.6 9.4 10.2 11.4 250 8.5 9.4 10.2 11.1 12.4

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

17.2 1034 1000 180 186 19.0 1138 1100 180 186 20.7 1241 1200 180 186 22.4 1345 1300 180 186 25.0 1500 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP25/30-200
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Auen- Eff.Dia. Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 4.2 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.1 1 x SPA berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 120 5.1 5.6 6.1 6.6 7.3 140 5.9 6.5 7.1 7.7 8.6 160 6.8 7.4 8.1 8.8 9.8 2 x SPA max. 180 bar max. 2238 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 17.0 kg 180 7.6 8.4 9.1 9.9 11.0 200 8.4 9.3 10.1 11.0 12.2

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

21.4 1286 1000 180 186 23.6 1415 1100 180 186 25.7 1544 1200 180 186 27.9 1672 1300 180 186 31.1 1865 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP25/38-180
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Auen- Eff.Dia. Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.9 1 x SPA 100 5.1 5.6 6.1 6.6 7.3 120 6.1 6.7 7.3 7.9 8.8 140 7.1 7.8 8.5 9.2 10.3 2 x SPA 160 8.1 8.9 9.7 10.5 11.8 180 9.1 10.0 10.9 11.9 13.2

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

25.7 1544 1000 180 186 28.3 1698 1100 180 186 30.9 1852 1200 180 186 33.4 2007 1300 180 186 37.3 2238 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP25/41-170
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 170 bar max. 2421 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 17.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Auen- Eff.Dia. Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 70 3.8 4.2 4.6 5.0 5.6 1 x SPA 90 4.9 5.4 5.9 6.4 7.2 110 6.0 6.6 7.2 7.8 8.7 130 7.1 7.8 8.5 9.3 10.3 2 x SPA 150 8.2 9.0 9.9 10.7 11.9 170 9.3 10.2 11.2 12.1 13.5

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

27.8 1670 1000 180 186 30.6 1837 1100 180 186 33.4 2004 1200 180 186 36.2 2171 1300 180 186 40.4 2421 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

NP25/50-150
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 150 bar max. 2906 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 17.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Auen- Eff.Dia. Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 50 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.3 4.8 70 4.6 5.1 5.3 6.0 6.7 90 5.9 6.5 6.9 7.7 8.6 110 7.2 8.0 8.4 9.4 10.5 2 x SPA 130 8.5 9.4 9.9 11.1 12.4 150 9.9 10.8 11.4 12.8 14.3

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

33.4 2004 1000 180 186 36.7 2204 1100 180 186 38.7 2325 1200 180 186 43.4 2605 1300 180 186 48.4 2906 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

127 139 151 165 180

133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

1 x SPA

* Die in den Tabellen gewhlten PKS und MKS sowie das gewhlte Keilriemenprofil dienen als Anhalt fr die Antriebsauslegung. Je nach bersetzungsverhltnis knnen auch Motore mit anderen Drehzahlen und entsprechend genderte MKS / PKS verwendet werden. Zwischengrssen von Frdermenge / Drehzahl bzw. Druck / Menge / KW knnen durch lineare Umrechnung ausreichend genau bestimmt werden. Allgemeine Formel zur Ermittlung des Kraftbedarfs: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

* The stated pump and motor pulley sizes as well as the V-belt model stated in the table serve as a guide in setting up the drive configuration. Depending on the transmission ratio. motors with other speeds together with properly sized motor and pump pulleys can also be used. Intermediate values for output / speed and pressure / output / kW can be established by linear extrapolation. A general formula for calculating power is: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

Sonderausfhrungen
Die Pumpentypen NP25/21. /30. /38. /41 und /50 sind unter der Zusatzbezeichnung RE mit Ventilgehuse und Innenteilen in Werkstoff 1.4571 lieferbar. Sonderdichtungen auf Anfrage.

Special Versions
The NP25/21. /30. /38. /41 and /50 pump models are also available with AISI 316TI stainless steel valve casings and inner wetted parts. These special versions are identified by the supplement letters RE. Special seals upon request.

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1488 1.5 0208P

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P11

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min-1 1420 1420 1420 Output max. l/min 10.2 12.7 14.7 WaterTemp. max. C 70 70 70

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 150 150 150

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 18.0 18.0 18.0 mm 10.0 12.4 14.1 kg 6.3 6.3 6.3 mWs 5.8 5.5 5.3

P11/10-100 P11/13-100 P11/15-150

00.1308 00.0902 00.1297

3.1 3.9 4.5

Leistungstabelle Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P11/3-200
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 200 bar max. 185 l/h max. 70 C ca./approw. 6.3 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 120 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 140 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 160 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 180 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 200 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8

117 130 143 156 169

900 1000 1100 1200 1300

125 125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

3.1 185 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ Number of SPZ V-Belts

1 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P11/5-200
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 200 bar max. 283 l/h max. 70 C ca./approw. 6.3 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 120 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 140 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 160 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 180 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 200 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

3.0 3.3 3.7 4.0 4.3

179 199 219 239 259

900 1000 1100 1200 1300

125 125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

4.7 283 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ Number of SPZ V-Belts

1 x SPZ

D1580 062001S

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P11/10-100
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

150 612 70 6.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 100 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 120 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 130 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 140 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.9 150 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.1

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

6.5 7.2 7.9 8.6

390 432 474 516

900 1000 1100 1200

125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

9.3 558 1300 125 130 10.2 612 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ Number of SPZ V-Belts

1 x SPZ

2 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P11/13-100
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

150 762 70 6.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.1 100 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 120 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.1 130 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.4 140 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.6 150 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

8.1 8.9

486 534

900 1000

125 125

130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

9.8 588 1100 125 130 10.7 642 1200 125 130 11.6 696 1300 125 130 12.7 762 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ Number of SPZ V-Belts

1 x SPZ

2 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P11/15-150
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

150 882 70 6.3

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 1 x SPZ 100 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.0 120 2.3 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6 130 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9 2 x SPZ 140 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.8 4.2 150 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.5

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

9.3 558 900 125 130 10.3 618 1000 125 130 11.4 684 1100 125 130 12.4 744 1200 125 130 13.4 804 1300 125 130 14.7 882 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ Number of SPZ V-Belts

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

Leistungstabelle Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P11/3-200
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 200 bar max. 185 l/h max. 70 C ca./approw. 6.3 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 120 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 140 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 160 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 180 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 200 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8

117 130 143 156 169

900 1000 1100 1200 1300

125 125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

3.1 185 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ Number of SPZ V-Belts

1 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P11/5-200
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 200 bar max. 283 l/h max. 70 C ca./approw. 6.3 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 120 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 140 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 160 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 180 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.7 200 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.9

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

3.0 3.3 3.7 4.0 4.3

179 199 219 239 259

900 1000 1100 1200 1300

125 125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

4.7 283 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ Number of SPZ V-Belts

1 x SPZ

D1580 062001S

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P21

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min
-1

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 200 160 130 130

Output max. l/min 15.1 14.7 18.1 23.1

WaterTemp. max. C 70 70 70 70

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 16.0 18.0 20.0 20.0 mm 18.0 14.1 14.1 18.0 kg 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 mWs 7.0 5.5 6.0 7.4

P21/16-200 P21/15-160 P21/18-130 P21/23-130

00.0866 00.0543 00.0555 00.0579

5.9 4.6 4.6 5.9

1450 1420 1420 1420

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P21/16-200
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

200 906 70 7.8

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.0 120 2.2 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.6 140 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.7 4.2 160 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.3 4.8 180 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.8 5.4 200 4.5 4.9 5.3 5.9

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

9.4 10.4

564 624

900 1000

125 125

130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

11.5 690 1100 125 130 12.5 750 1200 125 130 13.5 810 1300 125 130 15.1 906 1450 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

2 x SPZ

3 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P21/15-160
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

160 882 70 7.8

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.3 100 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 120 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.2 3.5 140 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.7 4.1 150 3.0 3.4 3.7 4.0 4.3 160 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.6

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

9.3 10.3 11.4 12.4

558 618 684 744

900 1000 1100 1200

125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

13.4 804 1300 125 130 14.7 882 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

1 x SPZ

2 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P21/18-130
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 130 bar max. 1086 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 7.8 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 90 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.2 100 2.3 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6 110 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9 120 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.3 130 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.6

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

11.5 690 900 125 130 12.8 768 1000 125 130 14.0 840 1100 125 130 15.3 918 1200 125 130 16.6 996 1300 125 130 18.1 1086 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

2 x SPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P21/23-130
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 130 bar max. 1386 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 7.8 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 2.3 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.6 90 2.6 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.1 100 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.5 110 3.2 3.5 3.9 4.2 4.6 5.0 120 3.9 4.2 4.6 5.0 5.5 130 4.6 5.0 5.4 5.9

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

14.7 16.3 17.9 19.5

882 978 1074 1170

900 1000 1100 1200

125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 114 125

84 93 102 111 119 130

21.2 1272 1300 125 130 23.1 1386 1420 125 130 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPZ* Number of SPZ V-Belts*

2 x SPZ

3 x SPZ

* Die in den Tabellen gewhlten PKS und MKS sowie das gewhlte Keilriemenprofil dienen als Anhalt fr die Antriebsauslegung. Je nach bersetzungsverhltnis knnen auch Motore mit anderen Drehzahlen und entsprechend genderte MKS / PKS verwendet werden. Zwischengrssen von Frdermenge / Drehzahl bzw. Druck / Menge / KW knnen durch lineare Umrechnung ausreichend genau bestimmt werden. Allgemeine Formel zur Ermittlung des Kraftbedarfs: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

* The stated pump and motor pulley sizes as well as the V-belt model stated in the table serve as a guide in setting up the drive configuration. Depending on the transmission ratio, motors with other speeds together with properly sized motor and pump pulleys can also be used. Intermediate values for output / speed and pressure / output / kW can be established by linear extrapolation. A general formula for calculating power is: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1501 1.5 102000P

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P22

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min-1 1450 1450 1450 Output max. l/min 15.1 28.3 28.3 WaterTemp. max. C 60 70 70

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 280 100 130

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 16 22 22 mm 18 18 18 kg 8.8 8.8 8.8 mWs 5.5 6.5 6.5

P22/15-280 P22/28-100 P22/28-130

00.3750 00.3449 00.4767

8.6 5.8 7.5

P22/28-130

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P22/15-280
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. max. max. ca./approx.

280 907 60 8.8

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.8 3.1 150 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.2 4.6 200 3.8 4.3 4.7 5.1 5.5 6.2 240 4.6 5.1 5.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 260 5.5 6.1 6.6 7.2 8.0 280 6.6 7.2 7.7 8.6

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

9.4 10.4 11.5 12.5 13.5 15.1

563 625 688 750 813 907

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

125 125 125 125 132 132

130 130 130 130 137 137

79 88 97 106 118 132

84 93 102 111 123 137

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPZ* Number of XPZ V-Belts*

2 x XPZ

3 x XPZ

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P22/28-100
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 100 bar max. 1697 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 8.8 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 50 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 60 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 3.1 3.5 70 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.6 4.0 2 x XPZ 80 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.6 90 3.6 3.9 4.3 4.7 5.2 100 4.4 4.8 5.2 5.8 3 x XPZ

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

17.6 19.5 21.5 23.4 25.4 28.3

1053 1170 1287 1404 1521 1697

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

125 125 125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 112 125

84 93 102 111 117 130

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPZ* Number of XPZ V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P22/28-130
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 130 bar max. 1697 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 8.8 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 60 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9 3.1 3.5 70 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.6 4.0 80 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.8 4.1 4.6 90 3.6 3.9 4.3 4.7 5.2 100 4.4 4.8 5.2 5.8 130 5.7 6.2 6.7 7.5

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

17.6 19.5 21.5 23.4 25.4 28.3

1053 1170 1287 1404 1521 1697

900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1450

125 125 125 125 125 125

130 130 130 130 130 130

79 88 97 106 112 125

84 93 102 111 117 130

Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPZ* Number of XPZ V-Belts* * Die in den Tabellen gewhlten PKS und MKS sowie das gewhlte Keilriemenprofil dienen als Anhalt fr die Antriebsauslegung. Je nach bersetzungsverhltnis knnen auch Motore mit anderen Drehzahlen und entsprechend genderte MKS / PKS verwendet werden. Zwischengrssen von Frdermenge / Drehzahl bzw. Druck / Menge / KW knnen durch lineare Umrechnung ausreichend genau bestimmt werden. Allgemeine Formel zur Ermittlung des Kraftbedarfs: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

2 x XPZ

3 x XPZ

* The stated pump and motor pulley sizes as well as the V-belt model stated in the table serve as a guide in setting up the drive configuration. Depending on the transmission ratio, motors with other speeds together with properly sized motor and pump pulleys can also be used. Intermediate values for output / speed and pressure / output / kW can be established by linear extrapolation. A general formula for calculating power is: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1510 1 1202P

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P30 P31

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min
-1

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 220 150 130

Output max. l/min 25.2 36.2 42.5

WaterTemp. max. C 70 70 70

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 20 24 26 mm 20 20 20 kg 19.0 19.0 19.0 mWs 6.5 7.8 8.6

P31/25-220 P30/36-150 P30/43-130

00.0559 00.0741 00.0742

11.0 11.0 11.0

1420 1420 1420

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P31/25-220
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 220 bar max. 1510 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 19.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 120 3.8 4.2 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.0 140 4.4 4.9 5.4 5.9 6.4 7.0 160 5.1 5.6 6.2 6.7 7.3 8.0 180 5.7 6.3 6.9 7.6 8.2 9.0 2 x SPA 200 7.0 7.7 8.4 9.1 10.0 220 8.5 9.3 10.0 11.0

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

15.9 17.7 19.5

957 1063 1169

900 1000 1100

180 180 180

186 186 186

114 127 139 151 165 180

120 133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

21.3 1276 1200 180 186 23.0 1382 1300 180 186 25.2 1510 1420 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P30/36-150
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 150 bar max. 2174 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 19.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.9 5.4 5.8 100 4.6 5.1 5.7 6.2 6.7 7.3 120 5.6 6.2 6.8 7.4 8.0 8.8 130 6.0 6.7 7.4 8.0 8.7 9.5 2 x SPA 140 7.2 7.9 8.6 9.4 10.2 150 8.5 9.3 10.0 11.0

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

23.0 25.5 28.1

1378 1531 1684

900 1000 1100

180 180 180

186 186 186

114 127 139 151 165 180

120 133 145 157 171 186

3x SPA

30.6 1837 1200 180 186 33.2 1990 1300 180 186 36.2 2174 1420 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P30/43-130
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 130 bar max. 2551 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 19.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1420/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 4.3 4.8 5.3 5.7 6.2 6.8 90 4.8 5.4 5.9 6.4 7.0 7.6 100 5.4 6.0 6.6 7.2 7.8 8.5 110 5.9 6.6 7.2 7.9 8.5 9.3 2 x SPA 120 7.2 7.9 8.6 9.3 10.2 130 8.5 9.3 10.1 11.0

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

26.9 29.9 32.9

1617 1797

900 1000

180 180

186 186

114 127 139 151 165 180

120 133 145 157 171 186

1976 1100 180 186 35.9 2156 1200 180 186 38.9 2336 1300 180 186 42.5 2551 1420 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil SPA* Number of SPA V-Belts*

3x SPA

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P41

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min-1 1450 1450 1100 1100 Output max. l/min 33.8 48.6 51.2 58.2 WaterTemp. max. C 70 70 70 70

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 250 180 130 110

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 20 24 28 30 mm 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 kg 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.0 mWs 7.5 8.5 9.0 9.0

P41/33-250 P41/48-180 P41/51-130 P41/58-110

00.1001 00.1000 00.0999 00.0998

17.2 17.9 13.6 13.1

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P41/33-250
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 250 bar max. 2025 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 30.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 140 6.0 6.7 7.3 8.0 8.7 9.7 160 6.8 7.6 8.4 9.1 9.9 11.0 180 7.7 8.6 9.4 10.3 11.1 12.4 200 8.6 9.5 10.5 11.4 12.4 13.8 220 10.5 11.5 12.6 13.6 15.2 250 13.1 14.3 15.5 17.2

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

21.0 23.3 25.6 27.9

1257 1397 1536 1676

900 1000 1100 1200

180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186

110 123 135 149 161 180

116 129 141 155 167 186

30.3 1816 1300 180 186 33.8 2025 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA* Number of XPA V-Belts*

2 x XPA

3 x XPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P41/48-180
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 180 bar max. 2916 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 30.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 4.9 5.5 6.0 6.6 7.1 7.9 100 6.2 6.8 7.5 8.2 8.9 9.9 120 7.4 8.2 9.0 9.9 10.7 11.9 140 8.6 9.6 10.5 11.5 12.5 13.9 160 11.0 12.1 13.1 14.2 15.9 180 13.6 14.8 16.0 17.9

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

30.2 33.5 36.9 40.2

1810 2011 2212 2414

900 1000 1100 1200

180 180 180 180

186 186 186 186

110 123 135 149 161 180

116 129 141 155 167 186

43.6 2615 1300 180 186 48.6 2916 1450 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA* Number of XPA V-Belts*

2 x XPA

3 x XPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P41/51-130
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 130 bar max. 3075 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 30.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 60 3.4 4.0 4.6 5.1 5.7 6.3 80 4.6 5.3 6.1 6.9 7.6 8.4 100 5.7 6.7 7.6 8.6 9.5 10.5 110 6.3 7.3 8.4 9.4 10.5 11.5 120 8.0 9.1 10.3 11.4 12.6 3 x XPA 130 9.9 11.1 12.4 13.6

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

28.0 32.6 37.3 41.9

1677 1957 2236 2516

600 700 800 900

250 250 180 180

256 256 186 186

103 121 99 111 124 136

109 127 105 117 130 142

4x XPA

46.6 2795 1000 180 186 51.2 3075 1100 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA* Number of XPA V-Belts*

2 x XPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P41/58-110
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 110 bar max. 3493 l/h max. 70 C ca./approx. 30.0 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 60 3.9 4.5 5.2 5.8 6.5 7.1 70 4.5 5.3 6.1 6.8 7.6 8.3 80 5.2 6.1 6.9 7.8 8.6 9.5 90 5.8 6.8 7.8 8.8 9.7 10.7 100 7.6 8.6 9.7 10.8 11.9 110 9.5 10.7 11.9 13.1 4x XPA

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

31.8 37.1 42.3 47.6

1905 2223 2541 2858

600 700 800 900

250 250 180 180

256 256 186 186

103 121 99 111 124 136

109 127 105 117 130 142

52.9 3176 1000 180 186 58.2 3493 1100 180 186 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA* Number of XPA V-Belts*

2 x XPA

3 x XPA

* Die in den Tabellen gewhlten PKS und MKS sowie das gewhlte Keilriemenprofil dienen als Anhalt fr die Antriebsauslegung. Je nach bersetzungsverhltnis knnen auch Motore mit anderen Drehzahlen und entsprechend genderte MKS / PKS verwendet werden. Zwischengrssen von Frdermenge / Drehzahl bzw. Druck / Menge / KW knnen durch lineare Umrechnung ausreichend genau bestimmt werden. Allgemeine Formel zur Ermittlung des Kraftbedarfs: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

* The stated pump and motor pulley sizes as well as the V-belt model stated in the table serve as a guide in setting up the drive configuration. Depending on the transmission ratio, motors with other speeds together with properly sized motor and pump pulleys can also be used. Intermediate values for output / speed and pressure / output / kW can be established by linear extrapolation. A general formula for calculating power is: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1503 1.5 0901P

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P45

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min
-1

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 250 180 160

Output max. l/min 57.0 74.5 85.5

WaterTemp. max. C 60 60 60

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 24 28 30 mm 42 42 42 kg 50 50 50 mWs 7.9 8.6 8.9

P45/60-250 P45/75-180 P45/85-160

00.4012 00.3958 00.3948

29.1 27.4 27.9

1000 1000 1000

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P45/60-250
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 250 bar max. 3420 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 50 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 140 8.15 9.80 11.40 13.05 14.70 16.30 160 9.30 11.20 13.05 14.90 16.80 18.65 3 x XPA 180 10.50 12.60 14.70 16.80 18.90 20.95 200 11.65 14.00 16.30 18.65 20.95 23.30 220 15.40 17.95 20.50 23.05 25.60 4 x XPA 250 20.40 23.30 26.20 29.10 5x XPA

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

28.5 34.2 39.9 45.6

1710 2052 2394 2736

500 600 700 800

250 250 250 250

256 256 256 256

86 103 121 138 155 172

92 109 127 144 161 178

51.3 3078 900 250 256 57.0 3420 1000 250 256 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA* Number of XPA V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P45/75-180
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 180 bar max. 4470 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 50 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 6.10 7.30 8.55 9.75 11.00 12.20 100 7.65 9.15 10.70 12.20 13.70 15.20 120 9.15 10.95 12.80 14.60 16.45 18.25 140 10.70 12.80 14.95 17.05 19.20 21.30 160 14.60 17.10 19.50 21.95 24.35 180 19.20 21.90 24.70 27.40

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

37.3 44.7 52.2 59.6

2238 2682 3132 3576

500 600 700 800

250 250 250 250

256 256 256 256

86 103 121 138 155 172

92 109 127 144 161 178

67.1 4026 900 250 256 74.5 4470 1000 250 256 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA* Number of XPA V-Belts*

3 x XPA

4 x XPA

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P45/85-160
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 160 bar max. 5130 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 50 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 60 5.25 6.30 7.35 8.40 9.45 10.50 80 7.00 8.40 9.80 11.20 12.60 14.00 100 8.75 10.50 12.25 14.00 15.70 17.50 120 10.50 12.60 14.70 16.80 18.90 20.95 140 14.70 17.15 19.55 22.00 24.45 160 19.55 22.35 25.15 27.95

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

42.8 51.3 59.9

2565 3078 3591

500 600 700

250 250 250

256 256 256

86 103 121 138 155 172

92 109 127 144 161 178

5x XPA

68.4 4104 800 250 256 77.0 4617 900 250 256 85.5 5130 1000 250 256 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA* Number of XPA V-Belts*

2 x XPA

3 x XPA

4 x XPA

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P50

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungsaufnahme Power Consump. kW

berdruck max.

Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger menge temp. - max. max. max. RPM max. min-1 800 Output max. l/min 93.8 WaterTemp. max. C 70

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Pressure max. bar 110

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 36 mm 40 kg 50 mWs 8.8

P50/94-110

00.0458

20.3

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1509 0.5 0402S

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P52

Type

Best.-Nr. Code No.

Leistungs- berdruck Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger - menge temp. aufnahme max. max. max. max. Power Consump. kW Pressure max. bar 500 RPM max. min
-1

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Output max. l/min 30.0

WaterTemp. max. C 40

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH Required dia. approx. mm 18 mm 42 kg 62.7 mWs 8.0

P52/30-500MS 00.5973

29.5

1000

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 250 7.4 8.9 10.3 11.8 13.3 14.8 300 8.9 10.6 12.4 14.2 15.9 17.7 350 10.3 12.4 14.5 16.5 18.6 20.7 400 11.8 14.2 16.5 18.9 21.2 23.6 4 x XPA 450 15.9 18.6 21.2 23.9 26.6 500 20.7 23.6 26.6 29.5

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

15.0 899 500 250 256 18.0 1079 600 250 256 21.0 1259 700 250 256 24.0 1439 800 250 256 27.0 1619 900 250 256 30.0 1799 1000 250 256 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPA Number of XPA V-Belts

86 103 121 138 155 172

92 109 127 144 161 178

5x XPA

3 x XPA

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P55

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungs- berdruck Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger aufnahme menge temp. - max. max. max. max. Power Pressure Consump. max. kW bar 200 160 100 RPM max. min-1 1000 910 750 Output max. l/min 104.9 127.8 164.6 WaterTemp. max. C 60 60 60

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 32 36 45 mm 46 46 46 kg 81 81 81 mWs 8.5 8.5 9.0

P55/100-200G

00.4693

42.8 41.8 33.6

P55/128-160G 00.4365 P55/165-100G 00.4226

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P55/100-200G
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 200 bar max. 6293 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 81 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 10.7 12.9 15.0 17.1 19.3 21.4 120 12.9 15.4 18.0 20.6 23.1 25.7 140 15.0 18.0 21.0 24.0 27.0 30.0 160 17.1 20.6 24.0 27.4 30.8 34.3 4 x XPB 180 23.1 27.0 30.8 34.7 38.6 200 30.0 34.3 38.6 42.8 5 x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

52.4 62.9 73.4 83.9 94.4

3146 3776 4405 5034 5664

500 600 700 800 900

315 315 250 250 250

321 321 256 256 256

109 130 125 140 155 172

115 136 131 146 161 178

104.9 6293 1000 250 256 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

3 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P55/128-160G
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 160 bar max. 7669 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 81 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 60 8.6 10.3 12.0 13.8 14.6 15.7 80 11.5 13.8 16.1 18.4 19.5 20.9 2 x XPB 100 14.3 17.2 20.1 23.0 24.4 26.1 120 17.2 20.7 24.1 27.5 29.3 31.3 3 x XPB 140 24.1 28.1 32.1 34.1 36.6 4 x XPB 160 32.1 36.7 39.0 41.8 5 x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

70.2 84.3 98.3 112.4 119.4

4214 5057 5900 6742 7164

500 600 700 800 850

315 315 250 250 250

321 321 256 256 256

109 130 125 140 150 160

115 136 131 146 156 166

127.8 7669 910 250 256 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P55/165-100G
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight

max. 100 bar max. 9877 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 81 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 50 9.0 11.2 13.4 14.6 15.7 16.8 60 10.8 13.4 16.1 17.5 18.8 20.2 3 x XPB 70 12.6 15.7 18.8 20.4 22.0 23.5 80 14.3 17.9 21.5 23.3 25.1 26.9 90 16.1 20.2 24.2 26.2 28.2 30.3 100 17.9 22.4 26.9 29.1 31.4 33.6 5 x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

87.8 109.7 131.7 142.7 153.6

5268 6584 7901 8560 9218

400 500 600 650 700

315 315 250 250 250

321 321 256 256 256

87 108 106 112 125 132

93 114 112 118 131 138

164.6 9877 750 250 256 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

4 x XPB

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P62

Type

Best.-Nr.

Leistungs- berdruck Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger aufnahme menge temp. - max. max. max. max. Power Pressure Consump. max. kW bar 420 300 210 150 120 RPM max. min
-1

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Output max. l/min 48.5 68.1 88.9 139.0 175.9

WaterTemp. max. C 60 60 60 60 60

Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH dia. Required approx. mm 24 28 32 40 45 mm 48 48 48 48 48 kg 140 140 140 140 140 mWs 7.8 7.2 7.5 8.2 9.0

P62/50-420(R) P62/70-300 P62/90-210 P62/140-150 P62/175-120

00.5154 00.5139 00.5138 00.5137 00.5136

42.4 41.7 36.8 41.0 41.6

800 800 800 800 800

P62/50-420(R)

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P62/50-420(R)
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 420 bar max. 2908 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 140 kg

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 200 7.6 10.1 12.6 15.1 17.7 20.2 250 9.5 12.6 15.8 18.9 22.1 25.2 300 11.3 15.1 18.9 22.7 26.5 30.3 350 17.7 22.1 26.5 30.9 35.3 375 23.6 28.4 33.1 37.8 420 26.5 31.8 37.1 42.4 5 x XPB max. 300 bar max. 4086 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 140 kg

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

18.2 1091 300 630 639 24.2 1454 400 630 639 30.3 1818 500 400 409 36.4 2181 600 400 409 42.4 2545 700 280 289 48.5 2908 800 280 289 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

132 175 140 167 136 155

141 184 149 176 145 164

4x XPB

3 x XPB

4 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P62/70-300
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 5.2 7.0 8.7 10.4 12.2 13.9 150 7.8 10.4 13.0 15.6 18.3 20.9 200 10.4 13.9 17.4 20.9 24.3 27.8 250 17.4 21.7 26.1 30.4 34.8 275 23.9 28.7 33.5 38.2 300 26.1 31.3 36.5 41.7 5 x XPB max. 210 bar max. 5337 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 140 kg

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

25.5 1532 300 630 639 34.0 2043 400 630 639 42.6 2554 500 400 409 51.1 3064 600 400 409 59.6 3575 700 280 289 68.1 4086 800 280 289 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

132 175 140 167 136 155

141 184 149 176 145 164

4x XPB

3 x XPB

4 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P62/90-210
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 6.6 8.8 10.9 13.1 15.3 17.5 120 7.9 10.5 13.1 15.8 18.4 21.0 140 9.2 12.3 15.3 18.4 21.4 24.5 160 10.5 14.0 17.5 21.0 24.5 28.0 4 x XPB 180 15.8 19.7 23.6 27.6 31.5 210 23.0 27.6 32.2 36.8

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

33.4 2001 300 630 639 44.5 2668 400 630 639 55.6 3335 500 400 409 66.7 4002 600 400 409 77.8 4670 700 280 289 88.9 5337 800 280 289 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

132 175 140 167 136 155

141 184 149 176 145 164

4x XPB

3 x XPB

5 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P62/140-150
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 150 bar max. 8338 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 140 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 8.2 10.9 13.7 16.4 19.2 21.9 3 x XPB 100 10.3 13.7 17.1 20.5 23.9 27.4 120 12.3 16.4 20.5 24.6 28.7 32.8 4 x XPB 130 13.3 17.8 22.2 26.7 31.1 35.6 140 19.2 23.9 28.7 33.5 38.3 150 25.6 30.8 35.9 41.0 5 x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

52.1 3127 300 630 639 69.5 4169 400 630 639 86.9 5212 500 400 409 104.2 6254 600 400 409 121.6 7296 700 280 289 139.0 8338 800 280 289 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

132 175 140 167 136 155

141 184 149 176 145 164

4x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P62/175-120
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 120 max. 10553 max. 60 ca./approx. 140

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 60 7.8 10.4 13.0 15.6 18.2 20.8 3 x XPB 80 10.4 13.9 17.3 20.8 24.2 27.7 90 11.7 15.6 19.5 23.4 27.3 31.2 4 x XPB 100 13.0 17.3 21.6 26.0 30.3 34.6 110 19.0 23.8 28.6 33.3 38.1 120 26.0 31.2 36.4 41.6 5 x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

66.0 3958 300 630 639 87.9 5277 400 630 639 109.9 6596 500 400 409 131.9 7915 600 400 409 153.9 9234 700 280 289 175.9 10553 800 280 289 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

132 175 140 167 136 155

141 184 149 176 145 164

4x XPB

* Die in den Tabellen gewhlten PKS und MKS sowie das gewhlte Keilriemenprofil dienen als Anhalt fr die Antriebsauslegung. Je nach bersetzungsverhltnis knnen auch Motore mit anderen Drehzahlen und entsprechend genderte MKS / PKS verwendet werden. Zwischengrssen von Frdermenge / Drehzahl bzw. Druck / Menge / KW knnen durch lineare Umrechnung ausreichend genau bestimmt werden. Allgemeine Formel zur Ermittlung des Kraftbedarfs: P ( bar )xQ( l / min) = kW 475

* The stated pump and motor pulley sizes as well as the V-belt model stated in the table serve as a guide in setting up the drive configuration. Depending on the transmission ratio, motors with other speeds together with properly sized motor and pump pulleys can also be used. Intermediate values for output / speed and pressure / output / kW can be established by linear extrapolation. A general formula for calculating power is: P ( bar )xQ( l / min) = kW 475

Sonderausfhrungen
Die Typen P62/70 bis P62/175 sind unter der Zusatzbezeichnung R mit Ventilgehuse und Innenteilen in Werkstoff 1.4305 lieferbar. Sonderdichtungen auf Anfrage.

Special Versions
The models P62/70 to P62/175 are available with valve casings and wetted parts of stainless steel AISI 303 and are marked R. Special seals upon request.

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1606 042001S

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P71

Type

Best.-Nr. Leistungs- berdruck Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger Hub Gewicht NPSHR aufnahme menge temp. - max. max. max. max. ca. Output Water- Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH RPM Pressure Code No. Power Required dia. Temp. Consump. approx. max. max. max. max. 00.5204 00.4432 00.4871 00.4316 00.4317 00.4318 00.4354 00.6078 00.4319 00.4501 00.4310 00.4355 kW 51.5 47.4 53.3 52.2 52.8 51.5 51.5 70.0 52.7 52.7 49.0 49.0 bar 700 500 400 300 250 180 180 200 130 130 100 100 min-1 750 750 750 750 700 700 700 750 700 700 700 700 l/min 37.4 48.2 67.7 88.5 107.3 145.2 145.2 180.0 205.8 205.8 249.1 249.1 C 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 60 mm 22 24 28 32 36 42 42 45 50 50 55 55 mm 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 52 kg 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 170 mWs 9.0 9.7 6.5 7.5 8.5 7.5 7.5 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.5

P71/40-700 P71/50-500R P71/70-400 P71/90-300 P71/110-250 P71/145-180 P71/145-180G P71/180-200G P71/200-130 P71/200-130G P71/250-100 P71/250-100G

P71/70-400 P71/90-300 P71/110-250

P71/40-700 P71/50-500R

Leistungstabellen Performance Table


Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/40-700
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 700 bar max. 2242 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 170 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 400 11.8 15.7 19.6 23.5 29.4 500 14.7 19.6 24.5 29.4 36.8 4 x XPB 550 16.2 21.6 27.0 32.4 40.5 600 17.7 23.5 29.4 35.3 44.1 5 x XPB 650 25.5 31.9 38.2 47.8 700 34.3 41.2 51.5 6 x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

14.9 19.9 24.9 29.9

897 1196 1494

300 400 500

630 630 400

639 639 409

130 174 137 166 163

139 183 146 175 172

3x XPB 5x XPB

1793 600 400 409 37.4 2242 750 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/50-500R
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 500 bar max. 2890 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 170 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 200 7.6 10.1 12.6 15.2 19.0 3 x XPB 300 11.4 15.2 19.0 22.8 28.4 350 13.3 17.7 22.1 26.6 33.2 400 15.2 20.2 25.3 30.3 37.9 450 22.8 28.4 34.1 42.7 500 37.9 47.4 6 x XPB 5x

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

19.3 25.7 32.1 38.5

1156 1541 1927 2312

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 163

139 183 146 175 172

48.2 2890 750 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

4 x XPB

5 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/70- 400
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB 3 x XPB

max. 400 bar max. 4063 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 170 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 150 8.0 10.7 13.3 16.0 20.0 200 10.7 14.2 17.8 21.3 26.7 250 13.3 17.8 22.2 26.7 33.3 300 16.0 21.3 26.7 32.0 40.0 350 31.1 37.3 46.7 400 42.7 53.3 6 x XPB 5x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

27.1 36.1 45.1 54.2

1625 2167 2709 3251

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 163

139 183 146 175 172

67.7 4063 750 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

3 x XPB

4 x XPB 5 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/90-300
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 300 bar max. 5307 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 170 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 7.0 9.3 11.6 13.9 17.4 3 x XPB 150 10.4 13.9 17.4 20.9 26.1 200 13.9 18.6 23.2 27.9 34.8 250 23.2 29.0 34.8 43.5 5 x XPB 275 31.9 38.3 47.9 300 41.8 52.2 6 x XPB 5x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

35.4 47.2 59.0 70.8

2123 2830 3538 4246

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 163

139 183 146 175 172

88.5 5307 750 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

4 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/110-250
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 250 bar max. 6436 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 170 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 9.0 12.1 15.1 18.1 21.1 3 x XPB 150 13.6 18.1 22.6 27.1 31.7 175 15.8 21.1 26.4 31.7 37.0 200 24.1 30.2 36.2 42.2 5 x XPB 225 33.9 40.7 47.5 250 45.2 52.8 6 x XPB 5x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

46.0 61.3 76.6 91.9

2758 3678 4597 5516

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 152

139 183 146 175 161

107.3 6436 700 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

4 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/145-180(G)
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 180 bar max. 8714 l/h max. 60 C ca./approx. 170 kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 80 9.8 13.1 16.3 19.6 22.9 3 x XPB 100 12.3 16.3 20.4 24.5 28.6 120 14.7 19.6 24.5 29.4 34.3 140 22.9 28.6 34.3 40.0 5 x XPB 160 32.7 39.2 45.7 180 44.1 51.5 6 x XPB 5x

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

62.2 83.0 103.7 124.5

3735 4980 6225 7469

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 152

139 183 146 175 161

145.2 8714 700 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

4 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/180-200G
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 200 max. 10802 max. 60 ca./approx. 170

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 100 14.0 18.7 23.3 28.0 35.0 120 16.8 22.4 28.0 33.6 42.0 140 19.6 26.1 32.7 39.2 49.0 5 x XPB 160 29.9 37.4 44.8 56.0 180 42.0 50.4 63.0 6 x XPB 200 56.0 70.0 3x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

72.0 96.0 120.0 144.0

4321 5761 7201 8642

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 163

139 183 146 175 172

180.0 10802 750 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

4 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/200-130(G)
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 130 max. 12350 max. 60 ca./approx. 170

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 60 10.4 13.9 17.4 20.8 24.3 3 x XPB 80 13.9 18.5 23.2 27.8 32.4 100 17.4 23.2 28.9 34.7 40.5 110 25.5 31.8 38.2 44.6 5 x XPB 120 34.7 41.7 48.6 130 45.2 52.7 6 x XPB 5x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

88.2 117.6 147.0

5293 7057 8822

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 152

139 183 146 175 161

176.4 10586

205.8 12350 700 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

4 x XPB

Motorleistung in kW / Motor Performance KW

P71/250-100(G)
Frdermenge Output Pumpendrehzahl RPM Pumpenkeilscheibe Pump V-Belt Pulley
Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

berdruck / Pressure Frdermenge / Output Wassertemp. / Water Temp. Gewicht / Weight 2 x XPB

max. 100 max. 14944 max. 60 ca./approx. 170

bar l/h C kg

Motorkeilscheibe Motor Pulley


bei/at 1450/min Wirk- Eff.Dia. Auen- Ext.Dia.

Druck in bar Pressure in bar 50 10.5 14.0 17.5 21.0 24.5 3 x XPB 60 12.6 16.8 21.0 25.2 29.4 70 14.7 19.6 24.5 29.4 34.3 4 x XPB 80 22.4 28.0 33.6 39.2 90 31.5 37.8 44.1 5 x XPB 100 42.0 49.0 6 x XPB 5x XPB

l/min

l/h

1/min

mm

mm

mm

mm

106.7 142.3

6404 8539

300 400 500 600

630 630 400 400

639 639 409 409

130 174 137 166 152

139 183 146 175 161

177.9 10674 213.5 12809

249.1 14944 700 315 324 Anzahl der Keilriemen Profil XPB* Number of XPB V-Belts*

* Die in den Tabellen gewhlten PKS und MKS sowie das gewhlte Keilriemenprofil dienen als Anhalt fr die Antriebsauslegung. Je nach bersetzungsverhltnis knnen auch Motore mit anderen Drehzahlen und entsprechend genderte MKS / PKS verwendet werden. Zwischengrssen von Frdermenge / Drehzahl bzw. Druck / Menge / KW knnen durch lineare Umrechnung ausreichend genau bestimmt werden. Allgemeine Formel zur Ermittlung des Kraftbedarfs: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

* The stated pump and motor pulley sizes as well as the V-belt model stated in the table serve as a guide in setting up the drive configuration. Depending on the transmission ratio, motors with other speeds together with properly sized motor and pump pulleys can also be used. Intermediate values for output / speed and pressure / output / kW can be established by linear extrapolation. A general formula for calculating power is: P (bar) x Q (l/min) = kW 475

Sonderausfhrungen
P71/50-500R generell als R-Version (1.4305), alle anderen Typen der Baureihe P71 sind unter der Zusatzbezeichnung R mit Ventilgehuse und Innenteilen in Werkstoff 1.4305 lieferbar. P71 in RE Version (1.4571) und Sonderdichtungen auf Anfrage. Die Type P71/250-100 ist unter der Zusatzbezeichnung S in Seewasserausfhrung lieferbar.

Special Versions
The P71/50-500R is an 'R' version (AISI 303) pump only; all other models in the P71-series are available with valve casings and wetted parts of AISI 303 stainless steel under the supplement letter 'R'. P71 in RE version (AISI 316). Special seals upon request. The P71/250-100 is available in seawater version with the supplement letter S.

Speck-Triplex-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG


Walkenweg 41 D-33609 Bielefeld Tel. (0521) 97048-0 Telefax (0521) 97048-29 E-Mail: info@speck-triplex.de www.speck-triplex.de
nderungen vorbehalten Subject to change D1484 0,7 0108P

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P80

Type**

Best.-Nr.

Leistungs- berdruck Drehzahl Frder- Wasser Plunger aufnahme menge temp. - max. max. max. max.* Power Consump. kW Pressure max. bar 140 140 170 170 200 200 RPM max. min
-1

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Code No.

Output max. l/min 400.0 400.0 340.0 340.0 285.0 285.0

Water- Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH Temp. dia. Required max.* approx. C 30 30 30 30 30 30 mm 65 65 60 60 55 55 mm 72 72 72 72 72 72 kg 348 348 348 348 348 348 mWs 8.0 8.0 7.2 7.2 -

P80/400-140 P80/400-140G P80/340-170 P80/340-170G P80/285-200 P80/285-200G

00.5457 00.5556 00.5765 00.5721

106.0 106.0 110.0 110.0 108.0 108.0

580 580 580 580 580 580

* hhere Mediumtemperatur auf Anfrage ** Weitere Leistungsabstufungen auf Anfrage

* Higher medium temperature upon request ** Further Versions upon request

HOCHDRUCK-PLUNGERPUMPEN HIGH-PRESSURE PLUNGER PUMPS

BAUREIHE SERIES

P81

Type**

Best.-Nr. Leistungs- berdruck Eingangs- Pumpen- Frder- Wasser Plunger aufnahme drehzahl drehzahl menge temp. - max. max. max. max.* Code No. Power Pressure Consump. max. kW bar 140 140 170 170 200 200 Input RPM min-1 1500 1800 1500 1800 1500 1800 Pump RPM max. min-1 580 580 580 580 580 580

Hub

Gewicht NPSHR ca.

Type**

Output Water- Plunger Stroke Weight NPSH Temp. dia. Required max. max.* approx. l/min 400 400 340 340 285 285 C 30 30 30 30 30 30 mm 65 65 60 60 55 55 mm 72 72 72 72 72 72 kg 340 340 340 340 340 340 mWs 8.0 8.0 7.2 7.2 -

P81/400-140GU 00.5569 P81/400-140GU 00.5599 P81/340-170GU 00.5605 P81/340-170GU 00.5606 P81/285-200GU 00.5607 P81/285-200GU 00.5608

106.0 106.0 110.0 110.0 108.0 108.0

* hhere Mediumtemperatur auf Anfrage ** Weitere Leistungsabstufungen auf Anfrage

* Higher medium temperature upon request ** Further Versions upon request

EJEMPLO DE SELECCIN
Se requiere seleccionar una bomba Speck de mbolos triplex para la siguiente instalacin:

2.5 [m]

El fluido a bombear es un aceite SAE 50, a razn de 20 [lpm]. La longitud real de la tubera de succin es de 6 [m]. La longitud total equivalente de la tubera descarga es de 135 [m]. La diferencia de altura entre los dos tanques es variable en el tiempo, alcanzando su mximo en 11.5 [m]. Calcule los dimetros de la tubera y seleccione la bomba que se adapte a las necesidades, especificando su velocidad de rotacin y potencia consumida. Datos del Fluido Nombre del Fluido Aceite SAE 30 SAE 40 SAE 50 Temperatur a [C] 20 20 20 Viscosidad [cSt] 350 900 950 Gravedad Especfica 0.89 0.9 0.902 Presin de Vapor [KPa] 0 0 0

Tubera Succin: Para la succin, debemos garantizar que la bomba no cavite. Para ello, debemos saber qu modelo vamos a usar. En la carta de preseleccin aparecen los siguientes:

Nuestro problema requiere un gasto volumtrico de 20 [lpm]. De la serie NP podramos usar la 16. El problema es que el caudal mximo que maneja (20 [lpm]) est en condiciones de agua a mxima velocidad. La norma API 674 que regula las bombas de desplazamiento positivo reciprocantes especifica la mxima velocidad que se puede usar en la mquina debido a la viscosidad del fluido. As que despus de la reduccin que tendremos que hacer por usar aceite SAE 50, el flujo ser menor a 20 [lpm]. Entonces podramos pensar en la NP25, pero resulta siendo una mquina muy grande (Maneja caudales hasta de 70 [lpm]). De la serie P, podemos usar el modelo 20, 21 22. Miremos el desempeo de stas bombas: P21

Reduccin de la Velocidad Mxima: Aqu nos indican que podemos llegar hasta 1420 [rpm] con agua. La norma API 674 recomienda una disminucin a esta velocidad mxima por efecto de la viscosidad (Lo cual ya habamos mencionado). Para 950 [cSt] (4400 SSU), podemos leer el porcentaje de la Velocidad mxima que es Admisible usar en la Figura 1, es decir, 72%

Es decir que podemos llegar mximo hasta 1420*0.72 = 1022 [rpm]. Pero para esta 1022 velocidad el caudal es de 23.1 = 16.63[lpm] . As que se descarta. 1420

P22

Descartamos la primera opcin (P22/15-280) por tener un flujo mximo de 15 [lpm]. Para escoger entre una bomba que ofrece 100 y otra 130 [bar] de presin mxima del sistema, debemos conocer las prdidas y la carga esttica del mismo. Esta ltima es de 102 [KPa] (aproximadamente 1 [bar]). La carga debida a las prdidas est directamente relacionada con el dimetro de la tubera. Usaremos una bomba de 100 [bar] de presin mxima y si el sistema exige una presin mayor, pensaremos en usar la de 130 [bar]. Un dato que nos interesa en este momento es el NPSH requerido por la bomba, el cual es de 6.5 [mca]. Sabemos que el NPSH requerido por la bomba es la presin mnima que debe tener el fluido a la entrada para que el aparato funcione bien. Lo que debemos proveerle (el NPSH disponible) debe ser mayor. En nuestro caso el NPSH disponible se puede calcular mediante la siguiente expresin:

NPSHd =

patm pvapor

+ H asp H f suc ha

Lo que decimos es que la altura (presin) neta de aspiracin disponible es la presin que tena el fluido cuando empez su recorrido hacia la bomba (patm) menos o mas: - Hasp Es la diferencia de altura entre el tanque de succin y la bomba, la cual puede favorecer la cavitacin (El tanque por debajo de la bomba, en tal caso Hasp es negativo) o evitarla (El tanque por encima de la bomba, en tal caso ocurre lo contrario). - Hf-suc Son las prdidas de presin en la tubera de succin - ha Es la carga de aceleracin (o carga inercial). Debido a que la circulacin de fluido en las tuberas no es constante (por el movimiento alternativo de los mbolos), ste tiene que acelerar y desacelerar cierto nmero de veces por cada revolucin del cigeal. Para producir dicha aceleracin en la succin, se necesita que el fluido tenga cierta presin, la que se conoce como Carga de Aceleracin. Si no se provee al flujo de dicha presin, al llegar a la bomba habr gastado una presin excesiva tratando de suplir la carga de aceleracin, descendiendo hasta llegar a la presin de vapor del fluido y ocasionando cavitacin.

Para calcular la carga inercial, el libro de Kenneth ofrece la siguiente ecuacin: LVNC ha = kg Donde L es la longitud real (no equivalente) de la tubera de succin (ft) V es la velocidad del lquido en la succin (ft/s) N es la velocidad de rotacin de la bomba (rpm) C es una constante que depende del tipo de bomba Dplex, de accin sencilla 0.200 Triplex 0.066 Quintuplex 0.040 Sptuplex 0.028 Nnuplex 0.022 k es una constante que depende de la compresibilidad del lquido Lquidos no compresibles, como el Agua desaereada 1.4 La mayor parte de los lquidos 1.5 Lquidos compresibles (ej. Etano) 2.5 g es la constante gravitatoria (32.2 ft/s2) Las unidades de la carga de aceleracin son pies de columna de agua. Velocidad del fluido: Para calcular la velocidad, necesitamos saber el rea de la seccin transversal del tubo, pero no conocemos su dimetro. Para manejar 20 [lpm] de fluido (5.3 [gpm]) se recomiendan los siguientes dimetros:

Entonces asumiremos un dimetro nominal de 1 (para luego comprobar), el cual tiene un dimetro interno de 40.9 [mm]. (Ver Anexo)

Q = VA l 1m 3 1min 25 Q min 1000l 60s pie V= = 2 A 0.3048m (0.0409 ) m 2 4 = 1.04[ pies s ]

[ ]

La velocidad de rotacin de la mquina es otro dato necesario para calcular la carga inercial. La podemos hallar de la tabla de desempeo de la bomba:

De nuevo tenemos dos opciones: Acoplar un motor girando a 1100 [rpm], el cual maneja un flujo de 21.5 [lpm] y luego estrangular el flujo o buscar la velocidad de rotacin ptima. 1000 [rpm] 19.5 [lpm] 1100 [rpm] 21.5 [lpm] Iterando, la velocidad de rotacin adecuada de la bomba es de 1025 [rpm] Con los datos anteriores, volvemos a la ecuacin de la Carga de Aceleracin: Las constantes son: C = 0.066 y k = 1.5

1 pie pie 6 m 1.04 s 1025[rpm ] 0.066 LVNC 0.3048m ha = = 8.74[ ft ] = kg pie 1.5 32.2 2 s Y regresamos al NPSH disponible:

NPSHd =

patm pvapor

H asp H f suc ha

Trabajaremos la ecuacin en trminos de presin en [psi]: - Altura de Aspiracin: N H asp = H 2O SG H = 9810 3 0.902 2.5[m] = 24.5[KPa ] = 3.55[ psi ] m - Carga de Aceleracin (En pies de columna de agua) pies de agua ha = 3.80[ psi] = psi 2 .3 Entonces,

NPSH d = patm pvapor H asp H f ha = 14.7 0 + 3.55 H f 3.80 NPSH d = 14.45 H f


Comparando con el NPSH requerido (6.5 [mca] 9.25 [psi]):

NPSH d NPSH r 14.45 H f 9.25[ psi ] H f 5.2[ psi ]


Revisemos si el dimetro de 1 que habamos escogido cumple con la condicionalidad anterior:

Para 5.3 [gpm] y 4400 [SSU], 0.211 [psi/pie]. Longitud Total Equivalente de la Succin: Note que en la tubera de succin hay dos codos de 90 y hay que tener en cuenta la salida de tubera del tanque. En el ejemplo de Seleccin de bombas IMO explicamos el mtodo usado por el libro de Crane. Aqu usaremos un nomograma de consulta rpida incorporado en la informacin ingenieril de Viking:

Entonces, la longitud total equivalente de la tubera de succin es de: 6 [m] Longitud Real + 4.5 [m] Entrada de Tubera + 5.0 [m] Codo 15.5 [m] (50.9 [pies]) Longitud Total Equivalente Por lo tanto, las prdidas en la succin sern de:

psi H f = 50.9[ pies] 0.211 pie H f = 10.74[ psi] Las prdidas son mayores a las admisibles (5.2 [psi]), entonces aumentamos el dimetro.
Cambio de Dimetro Necesitamos usar un dimetro 1 , el cual disminuya las prdidas hasta el mximo permisible. Usemos la calculadora para consultar las prdidas de presin al usar un dimetro de 2. Los datos a ingresar son: Dimetro: 52.5 [mm] = 0.172244 [pies] Longitud Total Equivalente de la Succin: 15.5 [m] = 50.9 [pies] Caudal: 20 [lpm] = 0,01177 [pie3/s] Rugosidad de la Tubera (Acero Comercial): 0.05 [mm] = 0,000164042 [pies] Viscosidad Cinemtica: 950 [cSt] = 0,0102257 [pie2/s] Gravedad 32.2 [pie/s2] Prdida de Presin por Friccin: 1.256 [pies de fluido] 1.133 [pies agua] = 0.5 [psi] Entonces el dimetro de Succin es de 2 cumple con la condicin H f 5.2[ psi ] . En la descarga podemos poner el dimetro ms pequeo que se recomienda (3/4), ya que la mquina soporta presiones hasta de 100 [bar]
psi 1 pie H f desc = 3.01 135m 0.3048m = 1333.2[ psi ] pie

Y H est = 9810 0.905 11.5 = 102.1[KPa] = 14.81[ psi] Entonces,


p = H f suc + H f desc + H est = 0.5 + 1333.2 + 14.81 p = 1348.5[ psi ] = 92.97[bar ]

Para conocer la potencia consumida, vamos de nuevo a la tabla de desempeo:

Interpolando para 1025 [rpm] y 92.97 [bar], tenemos la potencia consumida. Para hallar la potencia de eje a 100 [bar] y 1000 [rpm], encontramos la eficiencia de la mquina: Q p Pot eje =

Q p = = Pot eje

19.5 90 600 = 0.8125 3.6

Entonces la potencia para 100 [bar] y 1000 [rpm] es de Q p 19.5 100 Pot eje = = = 4[KW ] 0.8125 Interpolamos entre los valores anteriores, la potencia del eje del Sistema: 3.80 [KW] Se deben usar 3 correas en V (XPZ) para la transmisin.

Propiedades de algunos fluidos


Temperatura [C] 20 Alcohol Allico 30 40 Aceite de Canola 20 Aceite de Linaza 20 Aceite de Tansmisin (Valvulina) 20 Aceite de Oliva 20 20 Aceite de Parafina 30 20 30 40 Aceite de Ricino (Castor Oil) 50 60 20 Aceite de semillas de Algodn 30 (Usado para cocinar) 40 Aceite de Soya 20 Aceite para Mquina Light 20 Medium 20 Aceite SAE 10W 30 20 SAE 10W 20 SAE 20W 20 20 Aceite SAE 30 20 SAE 40 20 SAE 50 20 20 Acetaldehdo 30 Acetato de Butilo 20 Acetato de Etilo 20 20 Acetato de Metilo 30 40 Acetona 20 cido Actico 20 Acido Actico Anhdrido 20 0 cido Butrico 10 20 cido Carblico (Fenol) 20 30 Nombre del Fluido Viscosidad [cSt] 1.603 1.36 1.067 178 47 3000 91.5 2.4 1.85 1017 580 315 200 115 76 50 35 75 47 850 130 115 200 350 900 950 0.295 0.275 0.832 0.51 0.44 0.39 0.35 0.41 1.232 0.88 2.35 1.93 1.61 11.3 9.7 Gravedad Especfica 0.852 0.848 0.844 0.92 0.92 0.905 0.91 0.804 0.78 0.96 0.955 0.95 0.945 0.94 0.926 0.921 0.916 0.926 0.9 0.94 0.875 0.87 0.885 0.89 0.9 0.902 0.788 0.748 0.885 0.905 0.959 0.937 0.916 0.790 1.048 1.084 0.977 0.967 0.957 1.078 1.069 Presin de Vapor [KPa] 2.4 4.3 7.4 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 105 148 3.3 14 48 68 95 30 3.3 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0 0

cido Carblico (Continuacin) cido Frmico cido Proplico cido Sulfrico

Agua

Agua de mar

Alcohol Benclico Alcohol Butlico Anilina

Benceno

Bromo Cerveza Ciclohexanol Ciclohexanona

Cloroformo

40 50 20 30 20 20 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 20 20 30 10 20 20 30 40 50 60 20 20 20 20 20 30 40 50 60

7.95 6.15 1.5 1.38 1.13 14.6 1.788 1.307 1.002 0.802 0.662 0.555 0.475 0.414 0.365 0.327 0.295 1.774 1.346 1.044 0.822 0.659 0.539 0.442 0.369 0.311 0.265 0.229 5.52 3.64 2.85 6.4 4.37 0.744 0.65 0.58 0.54 0.51 0.34 1.8 71 4.9 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.36 0.35

1.059 1.050 1.22 1.208 0.99 1.839 1 1 0.998 0.996 0.992 0.988 0.983 0.978 0.972 0.965 0.958 1.028 1.028 1.025 1.023 1.019 1.015 1.010 1.004 0.998 0.991 0.984 1.045 0.81 0.803 1.03 1.021 0.879 0.868 0.858 0.847 0.836 3.12 0.996 0.952 0.952 1.489 1.471 1.452 1.434 1.415

0 0 5.4 8.7 0.5 2.4 0.6 1.3 2.4 4.3 7.4 12.3 19.9 31.2 47.4 70.1 101.3 0.6 1.3 2.4 4.3 7.4 12.3 19.9 31.2 47.4 70.1 101.3 0.5 5.4 8.7 0.5 0.5 14 20.7 30 42.5 60 48 2.4 0.5 0.5 30 43 62 87 120

Cloruro Allico Cloruro de Aluminio (5% sol) (10% sol) Cloruro de Calcio (25% sol) (5% sol) Cloruro de Metileno Cloruro de Sodio (25% sol) Cylinder Oil (Aceite muy viscoso de alto rendimiento) Diesel 20 30 40 60 Dioxano Estireno Etanol (Alcohol Etlico) Etilenglicol

20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 37.8 54.4 20 20 20 30 40 20 30 20 30 40 50 20 20 20 20 20 30 20 0 10 20 30 40 0 10 20 30 40 20 20

0.354 3.54 4.54 3.9 1.161 0.9 2.4 50000 6 3.97 11.75 6.78 29.8 13.1 86.6 35.2 2 0.9 1.51 1.32 1.16 18 16.5 11.3 9.7 7.95 6.15 6 16.5 520 8000 1.45 1.25 1183 0.74 0.66 0.6 0.55 0.51 0.62 0.57 0.51 0.45 0.4 4 10

0.940 1.030 1.051 1.227 1.037 1.326 1.19 0.94 1.08 0.82 1.08 0.82 1.08 0.82 1.08 0.82 1.03 0.926 0.772 0.754 0.737 1.112 1.104 1.078 1.069 1.059 1.05 0.85 0.91 0.99 0.99 1.16 1.149 1.261 0.702 0.692 0.682 0.671 0.661 0.678 0.668 0.658 0.649 0.639 1.226 1.33

30 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 72 2.4 0 ojo

Fenol Fuel Oil (EL) Extra light (L) Light (M) Medium (H) Heavy Furfural Glicerina

Heptano

Hexano

Hidrxido de sodio (20% sol) (30% sol)

0 0.5 9 14 20.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1 1.6 0 0 0 0 0.5 1.5 0 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.08 0.10 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.08 0.1 2.4 2.4

Kerosene Leche Mercurio Metanol (Alcohol Metlico) Nitrobenceno

Nonano (Parafina)

Octano

Pentano

Propanol Propilenoglicol Sulfato de Aluminio (10% sol) Sulfuro de Carbono Tetracloroetano Tetracloroetileno Tetracloruro de Carbono

Tolueno

Tricloroetileno Tung Oil (O China Wood Oil, es un aceite usado para dar acabados a la madera) Xileno

20 30 20 20 0 10 20 20 0 10 20 30 40 0 10 20 30 40 0 10 20 30 20 30 40 50 20 20 0 10 20 20 20 20 30 20 30 40 50 60 20 20 30 40 20 30 40

2.4 1.85 1.13 0.119 1.04 0.855 0.745 1.67 1.35 1.15 1 0.89 0.79 1.05 0.935 0.805 0.72 0.64 0.44 0.39 0.36 0.34 2.8 2.2 1.7 1.4 54 1.34 0.33 0.316 0.298 1.1 0.95 0.612 0.525 0.68 0.61 0.55 0.5 0.46 0.96 308 200 120 0.93 0.83 0.74

0.804 0.78 1.035 13.57 0.81 0.801 0.792 1.203 0.733 0.725 0.717 0.709 0.701 0.719 0.711 0.702 0.694 0.685 0.646 0.636 0.626 0.616 0.804 0.795 0.786 0.777 1.038 1.115 1.292 1.277 1.262 1.593 1.621 1.595 1.525 0.867 0.858 0.849 0.84 0.831 1.463 0.933 0.926 0.918 0.864 0.855 0.847

0.5 0.5 2.4 0 13.4 20 30 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.4 32 50 72 101 2.4 4.3 7.4 12.3 0 2.4 22 33 48 1.3 3.3 20.7 30 5.4 8.7 13 19.5 28 14 0 0 0 0 0 0

Section Page Issue

510 510.6 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


ROTARY PUMP FUNDAMENTALS
FIG. 6 - VISCOSITY CONVERSION CHART
Kinematic Viscosity Centistokes Seconds Redwood 1 (Standard) Seconds Redwood 2 (Admiralty) Seconds Parlin Cup No. 10 Seconds Parlin Cup No. 15

Seconds Saybolt Furol, SSF

1 32 2 35 3 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 18 20 200 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 40 50 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 60 80 100 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 200 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

54

1.0

20

56 30 60 1.2 1.1 25

4 5 6 8 10

35 70 40 80 50 60 70 90 100 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 35 5.0 3.0 2.5 30

20

80 90 100 200 15 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 50 9 20 30 2,000 40 50 150 200 150 300 400 500 200 700 300 20,000 400 500 1,000 1,200 1,500 1,700 400 500 700 800 1,000 1,200 75 100 150 200 50 300 5 4.3 3.75 3.3 2.4 75 100 50 10 25 75 100 25 15 15 25 5

5.5 40 6.0 45 6 115 25 7 8 50 7.0 50 75 7.5 6.5

30

25

100

200 300 400 500 600 800 1,000

10 50 15 5.0

200

2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 10,000

200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1,000

2,000

200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

3,000 4,000

3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000

5,000 7,000 10,000

60 70 80 90 100

300

100 20

10 30 200 40

300

60 80

2,000 3,000

500 750

100 150 200

10,000

2,000

4,000 5,000 20,000 2,000

30,000 40,000

600 800 1,000

200

1.5

950

30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 80,000 100,000

3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 8,000 10,000

6,000 8,000 10,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 20,000 80,000 100,000 30,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 8,000 10,000

50,000 60,000 70,000 100,000

CONVERSION FACTORS Centipoises Specific Gravity SSU* = Centistokes x 4.55 Degrees Engler* = Centistokes x 0.132 Seconds Redwood 1* = Centistokes x 4.05 * Where Centistokes are greater than 50 Centistokes =

2,000 3,000

200,000

4,000 5,000

200,000

20,000

40,000 50,000 200,000 20,000

300,000

6,000

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Seconds Parlin Cup No. 20 3.5 4.0 4.5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 70

Seconds Pratt & Lambert F

Seconds Saybolt Universal, SSU

Seconds Parlin Cup No. 7

Seconds Ford Cup No. 3

Seconds Ford Cup No. 4

Seconds Engler

Degrees Engler

Degrees Barbey

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
FIG. 10

Section Page Issue

510 510.13 D

PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION


(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 50 .050 .00 .0065 .005 .10 .015 .0060 .000 .045 .009 .008 .0015 .075 .025 .009 .001 .14 .045 .013 .0055 .092 .025 .011 .0036 .12 .030 .016 .0050 .15 .040 .018 .0058 .060 .029 .0083 .0036 .083 .040 .012 .0047 .11 .052 .015 .0065 .066 .020 .0084 .0025 .097 .029 .012 .0045 .14 .040 .017 .0060 .068 .028 .010 .0027 .082 .035 .013 .0034 .10 .043 .015 .0040 100 .14 .055 .018 .0070 .13 .044 .016 .0055 .060 .018 .0079 .0041 .090 .03 .011 .0060 .14 .047 .016 .0085 .14 .05 .013 .0047 .17 .033 .016 .0056 .20 .060 .019 .0061 .075 .035 .0085 .0038 .10 .045 .016 .0048 .13 .065 .020 .009 .078 .024 .011 .0025 .10 .033 .016 .0060 .16 .044 .022 .0080 .086 .037 .012 .0030 .10 .045 .016 .0040 .13 .055 .019 .0046 200 .8 .11 .038 .015 .7 .090 .035 .011 .13 .050 .016 .0090 .18 .070 .03 .013 .6 .10 .033 .018 .15 .050 .06 .010 .18 .060 .03 .01 .8 .065 .036 .013 .080 .045 .017 .0080 .10 .054 .00 .0095 .13 .065 .03 .011 .080 .06 .013 .0053 .10 .033 .016 .0068 .16 .044 .019 .0080 .093 .045 .01 .0035 .11 .052 .022 .0040 .13 .060 .024 .0046 400 .60 .4 .080 .030 .56 .18 .070 .03 .6 .10 .033 .018 .36 .14 .046 .05 .5 .0 .066 .036 .30 .10 .05 .00 .36 .1 .064 .04 .40 .13 .071 .06 .16 .090 .033 .016 .0 .11 .040 .019 .3 .13 .046 .03 .15 .053 .05 .011 .18 .067 .03 .014 . .080 .038 .017 .10 .050 .0 .007 .1 .058 .05 .0081 .13 .063 .07 .0091 600 .87 .35 .1 .045 .85 .8 .10 .035 .40 .15 .050 .07 .55 .1 .070 .038 .80 .30 .10 .053 .45 .15 .080 .030 .54 .18 .098 .036 .60 .0 .11 .040 .5 .13 .050 .05 .30 .16 .060 .030 .35 .19 .070 .035 . .080 .039 .016 .8 .10 .050 .00 .3 .1 .059 .05 .16 .079 .03 .011 .18 .089 .037 .013 .0 .099 .040 .014 800 1. .47 .16 .060 1.1 .36 .13 .046 .5 .0 .066 .036 .73 .8 .09 .050 1.1 .40 .13 .071 .60 .0 .11 .040 .70 .4 .13 .050 .80 .6 .15 .054 .34 .18 .069 .03 .40 .1 .080 .038 .46 .5 .094 .045 .9 .11 .050 .0 .36 .13 .064 .08 .43 .16 .078 .03 . .10 .044 .015 .5 .11 .049 .016 .8 .13 .053 .018 1000 1.5 .60 .0 .075 1.4 .45 .18 .059 .65 .5 .083 .045 .90 .35 .11 .06 1.3 .50 .17 .090 .75 .5 .13 .050 .90 .30 .16 .060 1.0 .3 .18 .067 .4 .3 .083 .038 .50 .8 .10 .047 .59 .3 .1 .056 .36 .13 .064 .07 .46 .17 .080 .035 .54 .0 .097 .040 .8 .13 .054 .018 .30 .14 .060 .00 .34 .16 .068 .03 2000 3.3 1.3 .40 .15 .8 .90 .35 .1 1.3 .50 .17 .090 1.8 .70 .3 .13 .6 1.0 .34 .18 1.5 .50 .8 .10 1.8 .60 .3 .1 .0 .65 .36 .13 .8 .45 .17 .080 1.0 .5 .0 .098 1.1 .6 .3 .11 .7 .30 .13 .055 .90 .34 .16 .070 1.0 .40 .19 .081 .5 .6 .11 .036 .60 .9 .13 .040 .68 .33 .14 .045 3000 4.5 1.8 .60 .3 4.3 1.4 .50 .17 .0 .7 .5 .13 .8 1.1 .35 .19 4.0 1.5 .50 .7 .3 .75 .40 .15 .7 .90 .49 .18 3.0 1.0 .53 .0 1.3 .67 .5 .14 1.5 .80 .30 .15 1.8 .94 .35 .17 1.1 .40 .19 .08 1.4 .50 .4 .10 1.6 .60 .9 .13 .80 .39 .17 .056 .90 .44 .19 .06 1.0 .50 .1 .070 4000 6.0 .4 .80 .30 5.6 1.9 .70 .4 .6 1.0 .33 .18 3.6 1.4 .46 .5 5. .0 .68 .35 3.0 1.0 .5 .0 3.6 1. .64 .4 4.0 1.3 .70 .7 1.6 .90 .33 .16 .0 1.1 .40 .19 .3 1.3 .46 . 1.5 .53 .5 .11 1.8 .68 .3 .13 . .80 .38 .16 1.0 .50 . .074 1. .58 .5 .081 1.3 .63 .7 .09 5000 7.5 3.0 1.0 .36 7.0 .3 .85 .9 3. 1.3 .41 .3 4.5 1.8 .60 .31 6.4 .5 .85 .45 3.8 1.3 .66 .5 4.5 1.5 .8 .30 5.0 1.6 .80 .34 .1 1.1 .4 .0 .5 1.4 .50 .4 .9 1.6 .59 .8 1.8 .68 .31 .13 .3 .83 .40 .17 .8 1.0 .49 .0 1.3 .65 .8 .091 1.5 .73 .30 .10 1.7 .80 .35 .11 6000 8.8 3.5 1. .45 8.5 .8 1.0 .34 4.0 1.5 .50 .7 5.5 .1 .70 .37 8.0 3.0 1.0 .54 4.5 1.5 .80 .30 5.4 1.8 .98 .36 6.0 .0 1.1 .40 .5 1.3 .50 .5 3.0 1.6 .60 .30 3.5 1.9 .70 .35 . .80 .39 .16 .8 1.0 .50 .0 3. 1. .59 .5 1.6 .79 .3 .11 1.8 .89 .37 .13 .0 .99 .40 .14 7000 4. 1.4 .5 9.8 3. 1. .40 4.5 1.8 .56 .3 6. .5 .80 .45 9.0 3.5 1. .6 5. 1.8 .9 .35 6.1 .1 1.1 .4 7.0 .3 1.3 .48 .9 1.6 .60 .9 3.5 1.9 .70 .35 4.0 .3 .81 .40 .5 .9 .45 .0 3. 1.1 .59 .4 3.8 1.4 .70 .8 1.9 .90 .37 .13 . 1.0 .4 .14 .4 1.1 .47 .16 8000 5.0 1.6 .60 3.7 1.3 .46 5. .0 .66 .36 7.3 .8 .9 .50 4.0 1.3 .71 6.0 .0 1.1 .40 7.0 .4 1.3 .50 8.0 .6 1.5 .54 3.4 1.8 .69 .3 4.0 .1 .80 .38 4.6 .5 .94 .45 .9 1.1 .50 . 3.6 1.3 .64 .8 4.3 1.6 .78 .3 . 1.0 .44 .15 .5 1.1 .49 .16 .8 1.3 .53 .18 9000 5.4 1.8 .67 4.1 1.6 .5 6.0 . .7 .40 8.1 3.1 1.0 .55 4.5 1.5 .81 7.0 .3 1. .45 8.0 .8 1.5 .55 9.0 3.0 1.7 .60 3.7 .0 .78 .36 4.5 .4 .90 .44 5. .8 1.1 .51 3. 1. .58 .5 4.0 1.5 .7 .31 4.9 1.8 .88 .37 .5 1.1 .50 .17 .8 1.3 .55 .18 3.1 1.5 .61 .1 10,000 6.0 .0 .73 4.6 1.8 .59 6.5 .5 .83 .45 9.0 3.5 1.1 .6 5.0 1.7 .90 7.5 .5 1.3 .50 9.0 3.0 1.6 .60 10.0 3. 1.8 .67 4. .3 .83 .38 5.0 .8 1.0 .47 5.9 3. 1. .56 3.6 1.3 .64 .7 4.6 1.7 .80 .35 5.4 .0 .97 .40 .8 1.3 .54 .18 3.0 1.4 .60 .0 3.4 1.6 .68 .3

GPM

PIPE SIZE

1
1

3 5 7 10 15 18 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 80 90 100

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4

32 (Water) .033 .013 .0038 .0010 .060 .014 .0045 .0011 .029 .0090 .0022 .0012 .055 .016 .0040 .0019 .10 .030 .0080 .0035 .064 .016 .0075 .0022 .090 .023 .011 .0031 .11 .028 .013 .0039 .042 .020 .0058 .0025 .060 .027 .0080 .0034 .080 .037 .011 .0045 .047 .013 .0056 .0020 .072 .020 .0085 .0030 .10 .029 .012 .0040 .050 .020 .0070 .0018 .063 .025 .0089 .0022 .080 .032 .011 .0028

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. Figures to right of dark line are laminar flow. Figures to left of dark line are turbulent flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.14 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION
(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 30,000 .73 .40 .15 .072 1.7 .92 .35 .17 1.3 .50 .25 .10 1.9 .70 .34 .15 2.7 1.0 .49 .20 1.5 .72 .30 .10 1.8 .88 .36 .13 2.0 .96 .41 .14 1.2 .51 .18 .032 1.4 .61 .21 .040 1.7 .72 .25 .046 2.0 .82 .28 .052 2.4 1.0 .35 .065 1.3 .41 .079 .027 1.7 .55 .10 .036 1.9 .62 .12 .040 2.1 .70 .13 .045 40,000 1.0 .53 .20 .095 2.4 1.2 .46 .22 1.8 .67 .33 .13 2.5 .93 .45 .19 3.5 1.3 .64 .27 2.0 .95 .40 .13 2.4 1.1 .50 .17 2.7 1.3 .54 .18 1.6 .70 .23 .043 1.9 .81 .28 .051 2.3 .95 .32 .060 2.5 1.1 .37 .070 3.2 1.4 .46 .086 1.6 .55 .10 .036 2.2 .74 .14 .048 2.5 .83 .15 .055 2.8 .91 .18 .060 50,000 1.3 .69 .25 .12 2.9 1.6 .57 .28 2.3 .82 .41 .17 3.1 1.1 .55 .24 4.5 1.7 .80 .35 2.5 1.2 .50 .17 3.0 1.4 .60 .20 3.4 1.6 .69 .23 2.0 .85 .28 .053 2.4 1.0 .34 .065 2.8 1.2 .40 .076 3.2 1.3 .46 .089 4.0 1.7 .60 .11 2.0 .70 .13 .045 2.8 .91 .18 .060 3.0 1.0 .20 .067 3.4 1.1 .22 .073 60,000 1.5 .80 .30 .14 3.5 1.8 .70 .34 2.7 1.0 .50 .20 3.8 1.4 .68 .29 5.4 2.0 .98 .40 3.0 1.4 .60 .21 3.7 1.7 .71 .25 4.1 1.9 .80 .28 2.4 1.0 .35 .064 2.8 1.2 .42 .078 3.4 1.4 .50 .091 3.8 1.6 .57 .10 4.8 2.0 .70 .13 2.5 .84 .15 .054 3.2 1.1 .21 .072 3.7 1.3 .23 .080 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 70,000 1.7 .92 .35 .17 4.0 2.3 .85 .40 3.2 1.2 .59 .24 4.5 1.7 .80 .34 6.3 2.4 1.1 .48 3.6 1.7 .70 .24 4.3 2.0 .85 .28 4.8 2.3 .95 .31 2.9 1.1 .40 .074 3.4 1.4 .49 .092 4.0 1.7 .55 .10 4.5 1.9 .65 .12 5.5 2.4 .81 .15 2.9 .99 .18 .063 3.8 1.3 .25 .085 4.3 1.4 .27 .095 4.7 1.6 .30 .10

FIG. 10 (Continued)

GPM

1 3 5 7 10 15 18 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 80 90 100

PIPE SIZE 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 1 2 2 3 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4 2 2 3 4 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8

15,000 .37 .20 .075 .036 .88 .47 .18 .085 .66 .25 .13 .050 .92 .35 .17 .070 1.3 .40 .25 .10 .75 .36 .15 .050 .90 .44 .18 .060 1.0 .49 .20 .069 .60 .25 .085 .016 .72 .30 .10 .020 .85 .35 .12 .023 .97 .40 .14 .027 1.2 .50 .17 .033 .60 .20 .040 .014 .80 .27 .052 .018 .91 .30 .060 .020 1.0 .35 .065 .023

20,000 .50 .27 .10 .050 1.2 .60 .23 .11 .89 .33 .16 .070 1.3 .46 .23 .095 1.8 .65 .33 .14 1.0 .50 .20 .066 1.2 .59 .25 .080 1.3 .65 .28 .090 .80 .35 .11 .022 .99 .40 .13 .026 1.1 .48 .16 .030 1.3 .55 .18 .035 1.6 .70 .23 .044 .81 .27 .052 .018 1.1 .36 .070 .024 1.2 .40 .079 .027 1.4 .45 .085 .030

25,000 .62 .35 .13 .060 1.5 .80 .29 .14 1.1 .41 .21 .085 1.6 .59 .28 .12 2.3 .84 .40 .17 1.3 .60 .25 .085 1.5 .72 .30 .10 1.7 .80 .34 .11 1.0 .42 .14 .028 1.2 .50 .18 .033 1.4 .60 .20 .039 1.6 .69 .23 .045 2.0 .85 .29 .055 1.0 .35 .065 .023 1.4 .46 .090 .030 1.6 .51 .10 .034 1.7 .60 .11 .037

80,000 1.9 1.1 .40 .20 4.5 2.5 .93 .45 3.6 1.3 .66 .28 5.0 1.9 .90 .38 7.1 2.8 1.3 .55 4.1 2.0 .80 .28 4.9 2.3 .98 .32 5.4 2.6 1.1 .36 3.2 1.3 .45 .085 4.0 1.6 .55 .10 4.5 1.9 .64 .12 5.0 2.2 .73 .14 6.4 2.8 .90 .17 3.2 1.1 .20 .072 4.3 1.5 .28 .096 4.9 1.6 .31 .11 5.4 1.8 .35 .12

90,000 2.2 1.2 .46 .23 5.1 2.8 1.1 .50 4.1 1.5 .75 .30 5.5 2.1 1.0 .43 8.0 3.0 1.5 .61 4.6 2.3 .90 .31 5.4 2.6 1.1 .37 6.1 2.9 1.2 .41 3.7 1.6 .52 .095 4.5 1.8 .64 .12 5.0 2.1 .73 .13 5.8 2.5 .83 .16 7.3 3.1 1.0 .19 3.7 1.3 .24 .081 5.0 1.7 .31 .11 5.5 1.8 .36 .12 6.1 2.1 .38 .13

100,000 2.5 1.3 .50 .25 5.9 3.1 1.2 .55 4.5 1.7 .81 .34 6.1 2.4 1.1 .47 8.9 3.3 1.6 .69 5.0 2.5 1.0 .34 6.0 2.9 1.2 .41 6.8 3.2 1.3 .46 4.0 1.7 .58 .11 4.9 2.0 .70 .13 5.5 2.4 .80 .15 6.3 2.7 .90 .19 8.0 3.4 1.1 .22 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 5.4 1.8 .35 .12 6.1 2.1 .39 .13 6.9 2.3 .44 .15

150,000 3.7 2.0 .75 .36 8.8 4.7 1.8 .85 6.6 2.5 1.3 .50 9.2 3.5 1.7 .70 4.0 2.5 1.0 7.5 3.6 1.5 .50 9.0 4.4 1.8 .60 10.0 4.9 2.0 .69 6.0 2.5 .85 .16 7.2 3.0 1.0 .20 8.5 3.5 1.2 .23 9.7 4.0 1.4 .27 5.0 1.7 .33 6.0 2.0 .40 .14 8.0 2.7 .52 .18 9.1 3.0 .60 .20 10.0 3.5 .65 .23

250,000 6.2 3.5 1.3 .60 8.0 2.9 1.4 4.1 2.1 .85 5.8 2.8 1.2 8.4 4.0 1.7 5.0 2.5 .85 7.2 3.0 1.0 8.0 3.4 1.1 10.0 4.2 1.4 .28 5.0 1.8 .33 6.0 2.0 .39 6.9 2.3 .45 8.5 2.9 .55 10.0 3.5 .65 .23 4.6 .90 .30 5.1 .79 .34 6.0 1.1 .37

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. All figures on this page are laminar flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
FIG. 10 (Continued)

Section Page Issue

510 510.15 D

PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION


(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 50 .14 .060 .020 .0057 .078 .027 .0075 .0010 .085 .030 .0085 .0011 .10 .035 .0095 .0012 .12 .042 .012 .0016 .14 .052 .014 .0019 .075 .021 .0028 .00079 .10 .030 .0040 .0011 .18 .050 .0065 .0018 .060 .0080 .0022 .00075 .071 .010 .0026 .00090 .10 .014 .0036 .0012 .15 .020 .0055 .0018 .024 .0062 .0020 .00090 .035 .0093 .0030 .0013 .037 .010 .0034 .0014 100 .15 .075 .026 .0072 .10 .034 .0098 .0013 .11 .038 .011 .0013 .11 .044 .012 .0015 .15 .053 .015 .0020 .18 .064 .018 .0025 .092 .026 .0035 .0010 .13 .036 .0050 .0014 .21 .060 .0080 .0023 .073 .010 .0029 .00095 .090 .012 .0034 .0011 .12 .016 .0046 .0016 .18 .025 .0065 .0022 .027 .0080 .0026 .0011 .040 .011 .0038 .0017 .045 .012 .0043 .0018 200 .18 .078 .032 .010 .11 .038 .011 .0013 .13 .040 .013 .0013 .11 .050 .014 .0015 .18 .065 .016 .0027 .19 .075 .020 .0032 .10 .031 .0042 .0013 .15 .042 .0058 .0017 .25 .070 .0097 .0027 .088 .012 .0033 .0012 .11 .014 .0041 .0013 .14 .020 .0054 .0020 .22 .028 .0081 .0027 .032 .0095 .0032 .0014 .050 .014 .0047 .0020 .054 .015 .0047 .0022 400 .18 .078 .03 .011 .11 .038 .013 .004 .14 .040 .014 .006 .11 .050 .015 .008 .18 .071 .016 .0031 .20 .078 .00 .0035 .11 .033 .0044 .0015 .17 .044 .0060 .0018 .26 .073 .010 .007 .095 .013 .0033 .001 .12 .016 .0043 .0013 .17 .022 .0056 .0021 .27 .030 .0090 .0028 .032 .010 .0033 .0015 .057 .014 .0047 .0022 .062 .015 .0050 .0024 600 .4 .1 .050 .017 .14 .058 .00 .0037 .14 .060 .01 .0040 .15 .065 .0 .004 .18 .074 .05 .0047 .0 .081 .07 .005 .11 .035 .0066 .00 .18 .045 .0080 .007 .26 .075 .010 .0035 .098 .013 .0040 .0016 .13 .016 .0045 .0018 .20 .023 .0058 .00 .28 .031 .0095 .008 .033 .011 .0033 .0015 .065 .015 .0048 .00 .070 .016 .0051 .0025 800 .3 .15 .065 .0 .18 .076 .05 .0050 .19 .080 .07 .005 .0 .087 .030 .0055 .3 .10 .03 .0063 .5 .11 .036 .0070 .14 .045 .0088 .007 .18 .055 .010 .0033 .27 .078 .014 .0045 .10 .016 .0050 .00 .13 .018 .0055 .004 .23 .04 .0066 .009 .29 .032 .010 .0036 .033 .011 .0038 .0019 .072 .015 .0049 .004 .078 .016 .0051 .005 1000 .40 .19 .080 .08 .3 .095 .031 .0060 .4 .10 .035 .0065 .5 .11 .037 .0070 .9 .1 .041 .0080 .3 .13 .045 .0089 .17 .058 .011 .0037 .0 .070 .013 .0045 .8 .090 .017 .0060 .10 .00 .0066 .008 .13 .0 .0063 .0030 .25 .06 .0090 .0036 .30 .03 .011 .0045 .035 .01 .0050 .004 .079 .015 .0060 .0030 .085 .016 .0064 .0031 2000 .80 .40 .16 .054 .45 .19 .063 .01 .50 .0 .078 .013 .50 . .071 .014 .58 .5 .081 .016 .63 .7 .090 .018 .35 .11 .0 .0075 .40 .14 .06 .0090 .56 .18 .035 .01 .0 .040 .013 .0055 .3 .044 .015 .0060 .8 .051 .018 .007 .34 .064 .03 .0090 .070 .04 .0098 .0047 .086 .030 .01 .0060 .090 .031 .013 .006 3000 1.1 .60 .5 .083 .68 .9 .10 .018 .70 .30 .10 .00 .75 .33 .11 .01 .87 .37 .13 .03 .96 .4 .14 .06 .50 .18 .033 .011 .60 .1 .040 .013 .84 .8 .051 .018 .30 .060 .00 .008 .35 .065 .03 .0090 .4 .079 .08 .011 .51 .10 .034 .014 .10 .036 .015 .0070 .13 .045 .018 .0090 .13 .047 .00 .0093 4000 1.5 .77 .3 .11 .90 .38 .13 .04 .95 .40 .14 .06 1.0 .44 .15 .08 1.1 .50 .17 .031 1.3 .55 .18 .035 .68 .3 .044 .015 .80 .8 .05 .018 1.1 .37 .070 .04 .40 .080 .07 .011 .46 .086 .030 .01 .55 .10 .036 .015 .70 .1 .045 .018 .13 .048 .00 .0095 .17 .060 .04 .01 .18 .063 .06 .013 5000 .0 .99 .40 .14 1.1 .46 .16 .030 1. .50 .17 .03 1.3 .55 .18 .035 1.5 .6 .1 .040 1.6 .70 .3 .045 .84 .9 .055 .019 1.0 .35 .065 .03 1.4 .46 .089 .030 .50 .10 .034 .014 .57 .10 .037 .015 .70 .13 .045 .018 .88 .16 .055 .0 .17 .060 .05 .01 .1 .075 .030 .015 .3 .080 .03 .016 6000 .4 1. .50 .17 1.3 .58 .0 .037 1.4 .60 .1 .040 1.5 .65 . .041 1.8 .74 .5 .047 1.9 .81 .8 .05 1.0 .35 .066 .03 1. .4 .080 .07 1.7 .55 .10 .035 .60 .1 .040 .016 .70 .13 .045 .018 .8 .16 .054 .0 1.1 .0 .066 .07 .1 .07 .09 .014 .6 .090 .036 .018 .8 .094 .039 .019 7000 .9 1.3 .56 .19 1.6 .66 .3 .04 1.6 .70 .4 .047 1.8 .76 .6 .049 .0 .85 .30 .055 . .95 .3 .060 1. .40 .077 .08 1.4 .48 .090 .031 1.8 .64 .1 .041 .70 .14 .046 .019 .80 .15 .051 .01 .93 .18 .061 .05 1. . .080 .03 .5 .084 .034 .017 .30 .10 .04 .01 .31 .10 .045 .0 8000 3. 1.5 .65 . 1.8 .76 .5 .050 1.9 .80 .7 .05 .0 .87 .30 .055 .3 1.0 .3 .063 .5 1.1 .36 .070 1.4 .45 .088 .030 1.6 .55 .10 .035 .1 .7 .14 .047 .80 .16 .053 .0 .90 .18 .060 .05 1.0 .1 .071 .09 1.3 .5 .090 .036 .8 .096 .040 .019 .35 .11 .048 .04 .36 .1 .051 .06 9000 3.7 1.8 .7 .4 .0 .85 .9 .055 . .90 .3 .058 .3 .98 .33 .064 .6 1.1 .37 .070 .8 1. .41 .079 1.5 .5 .099 .034 1.8 .6 .11 .040 .4 .8 .16 .053 .90 .18 .060 .05 1.0 .0 .066 .07 1. .3 .081 .033 1.5 .9 .10 .041 .31 .10 .045 .0 .39 .1 .055 .07 .40 .13 .060 .09 10,000 4.0 1.9 .80 .8 .3 .95 .3 .060 .4 1.0 .35 .065 .5 1.1 .37 .070 .9 1. .41 .080 3. 1.3 .45 .089 1.7 .58 .11 .037 .0 .70 .13 .045 .8 .90 .17 .060 1.0 .0 .068 .08 1.1 . .075 .030 1.4 .6 .090 .036 1.8 .3 .11 .045 .35 .1 .050 .04 .45 .15 .060 .030 .46 .16 .065 .03

GPM

120 140 150 160 180 200 250 300 400 450 500 600 750 800 1000 1050

PIPE SIZE 2 2 3 4 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 2 3 4 6 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12

32 (Water) .11 .045 .015 .0040 .060 .020 .0054 .00067 .065 .022 .0060 .00075 .0077 .025 .0070 .00086 .10 .032 .0084 .0011 .12 .040 .010 .0013 .060 .016 .0020 .00051 .085 .022 .0028 .00070 .15 .040 .0047 .0012 .048 .0060 .0016 .00052 .060 .0074 .0018 .00061 .085 .010 .0026 .00086 .13 .015 .0040 .0013 .018 .0046 .0014 .00060 .028 .0070 .0022 .0095 .030 .0080 .0025 .0010

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. Figures to right of dark line are laminar flow. Figures to left of dark line are turbulent flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007

Section Page Issue

510 510.16 D

VIKING ENGINEERING DATA


SELECTING THE CORRECT VIKING PUMP IN 10 EASY STEPS
PRESSURE LOSSES FROM PIPE FRICTION
(New Schedule 40 Steel Pipe) Loss in Pounds Per Square Inch Per Foot of Pipe* VISCOSITY, SSU 30,000 2.5 .84 .15 .055 2.9 .99 .18 .063 3.1 1.0 .19 .066 1.1 .21 .072 .030 1.3 .23 .080 .033 1.4 .26 .090 .036 1.8 .32 .11 .046 2.1 .40 .13 .055 2.8 .51 .18 .073 3.1 .60 .20 .082 3.5 .66 .23 .091 4.2 .80 .27 .11 1.0 .34 .14 .066 1.0 .36 .15 .070 1.3 .45 .18 .090 1.3 .47 .20 .095 40,000 3.2 1.1 .21 .072 3.8 1.3 .25 .085 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 1.5 .28 .096 .039 1.7 .31 .11 .044 1.9 .35 .12 .048 2.3 .44 .15 .060 2.8 .51 .18 .062 3.7 .70 .24 .096 4.2 .80 .28 .11 4.6 .87 .30 .12 5.5 1.0 .36 .15 1.3 .45 .18 .090 1.4 .48 .19 .096 1.7 .60 .25 .12 1.8 .62 .26 .13 50,000 4.0 1.4 .26 .090 4.7 1.6 .30 .10 5.1 1.7 .32 .11 1.8 .35 .12 .049 2.1 .40 .13 .055 2.3 .45 .15 .060 2.8 .55 .18 .075 3.5 .65 .22 .090 4.6 .88 .30 .12 5.0 1.0 .34 .14 5.7 1.0 .37 .15 6.9 1.3 .45 .18 1.6 .55 .23 .11 1.6 .60 .25 .12 2.2 .74 .30 .15 2.3 .80 .32 .16 60,000 4.9 1.7 .31 .11 5.8 2.0 .36 .13 6.1 2.1 .38 .13 2.3 .41 .14 .058 2.5 .47 .16 .066 2.8 .51 .18 .071 3.5 .64 .22 .090 4.2 .78 .27 .11 5.5 1.0 .36 .15 6.0 1.2 .40 .16 7.0 1.3 .45 .18 8.3 1.5 .54 .22 2.0 .65 .27 .14 2.1 .71 .29 .15 2.6 .90 .36 .18 2.7 .94 .39 .19 70,000 5.8 2.0 .36 .13 6.8 2.3 .42 .15 7.1 2.4 .46 .16 2.6 .48 .17 .070 2.9 .55 .19 .077 3.2 .60 .21 .085 4.0 .75 .26 .10 4.7 .90 .31 .13 6.4 1.2 .41 .17 7.0 1.4 .46 .19 8.0 1.5 .51 .21 9.5 1.8 .63 .25 2.3 .79 .32 .16 2.3 .84 .34 .17 3.0 1.0 .42 .21 3.1 1.0 .45 .22

FIG. 10 (Continued)

GPM

120 140 150 160 180 200 250 300 400 450 500 600 750 800 1000 1050

PIPE SIZE 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 3 4 6 8 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 4 6 8 10 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12 6 8 10 12

15,000 1.2 .40 .080 .023 1.4 .47 .091 .031 1.5 .51 .099 .033 .55 .10 .036 .015 .61 .12 .040 .017 .70 .13 .045 .018 .85 .17 .056 .023 1.0 .20 .068 .028 1.4 .26 .090 .037 1.5 .30 .10 .042 1.7 .33 .11 .046 2.0 .40 .13 .055 .50 .17 .070 .032 .52 .18 .072 .035 .65 .23 .091 .045 .70 .24 .098 .047

20,000 1.6 .53 .10 .035 1.9 .62 .12 .042 2.0 .68 .13 .045 .71 .14 .048 .020 .80 .16 .052 .022 .90 .18 .060 .025 1.1 .22 .074 .030 1.3 .26 .090 .036 1.8 .35 .12 .048 2.0 .40 .14 .055 2.3 .44 .15 .060 2.8 .51 .18 .072 .65 .22 .090 .043 .70 .24 .096 .046 .86 .30 .12 .059 .90 .31 .13 .061

25,000 2.0 .70 .13 .045 2.4 .81 .15 .052 2.5 .88 .16 .055 .92 .18 .060 .025 1.0 .20 .068 .027 1.2 .22 .075 .030 1.5 .28 .092 .038 1.8 .33 .11 .045 2.3 .45 .15 .060 2.6 .50 .17 .070 2.9 .55 .19 .075 3.5 .65 .23 .090 .82 .28 .11 .055 .89 .30 .12 .060 1.1 .37 .15 .075 1.1 .40 .16 .080

80,000 2.5 2.2 .41 .14 7.6 2.5 .48 .17 8.1 2.7 .51 .18 3.0 .55 .19 .079 3.2 .61 .21 .088 3.6 .70 .24 .098 4.5 .86 .30 .12 5.4 1.0 .35 .15 7.3 1.4 .47 .19 8.0 1.6 .54 .22 9.0 1.8 .60 .25 2.1 .72 .29 2.5 .90 .37 .18 2.7 .95 .40 .18 3.5 1.1 .49 .24 3.6 1.2 .51 .25

90,000 7.5 2.5 .47 .16 8.5 2.8 .55 .19 9.1 3.2 .57 .21 3.4 .62 .21 .090 3.7 .70 .24 .099 4.2 .78 .28 .11 5.2 1.0 .34 .14 6.2 1.2 .40 .17 8.2 1.6 .54 .22 9.0 1.8 .61 .25 10.0 2.0 .66 .28 2.4 .81 .32 2.9 .98 .41 .20 3.1 1.0 .45 .21 3.9 1.3 .55 .27 4.1 1.3 .59 .29

100,000 8.0 2.8 .52 .18 9.5 3.2 .60 .21 3.5 .65 .23 3.6 .70 .24 .099 4.1 .79 .28 .11 4.5 .85 .30 .12 5.8 1.1 .37 .15 7.0 1.3 .45 .18 9.1 1.8 .60 .25 10.0 2.0 .68 .28 2.2 .74 .30 2.6 .90 .37 3.2 1.1 .46 .23 3.5 1.2 .50 .25 4.5 1.5 .61 .30 4.7 1.5 .65 .31

150,000 4.0 .80 .23 4.7 .81 .31 5.1 .99 .33 5.5 1.0 .36 .15 6.1 1.2 .40 .17 7.0 1.3 .45 .18 8.5 1.7 .56 .23 10.0 2.0 .68 .28 2.6 .90 .37 3.0 1.0 .42 3.3 1.1 .46 4.0 1.3 .55 5.0 1.7 .70 .32 5.2 1.8 .72 .35 6.5 2.3 .91 .45 7.0 2.4 .98 .47

250,000 7.0 1.3 .45 8.1 1.5 .52 8.8 1.6 .55 9.2 1.8 .60 .25 10.0 2.0 .68 .27 2.2 .75 .30 2.8 .92 .38 3.3 1.1 .45 4.5 1.5 .60 5.0 1.7 .70 5.5 1.9 .75 6.5 2.3 .90 8.2 2.8 1.1 .55 8.9 3.0 1.2 .60 3.7 1.5 .75 4.0 1.6 .80

* For liquids with a specific gravity other than 1.00, multiply the value from the above table by the specific gravity of the liquid. For old pipe, add 20% to the above values. Figures to right of dark line are laminar flow. Figures to left of dark line are turbulent flow.

To convert the above values to kPa (kilopascals) per metre of pipe, multiply by 22.6. To convert the above values to kg per cm per metre of pipe, multiply by 0.23.

VIKING PUMP A Unit of IDEX Corporation Cedar Falls, IA

2007