Comparison between different solid state welding techniques

Sl. No. 1

Process Name Cold Welding

Energy Source High Pressure

Welding Temperature Low

Welding Time Several seconds

2

Diffusion Welding Explosion Welding Friction Welding Friction Stir welding

3

Combination of heat and pressure Detonated explosives Rotational Kinetic energy Rotational Kinetic energy

Half of the melting point Much below melting point Near melting point Near melting point

May be up to few hours Few seconds Few tens of seconds Few tens of seconds

4 5

Surface Preparation Very neat and clean surfaces are required Simple smoothing of surfaces No need of surface finish Not required Not required

Best for Thin sheets and plates

Thin sheets

Large sheets Cylindrical Bars Sheets and plates of medium size Congested joints, where other techniques are not viable Thin and smaller sheets Obsolete

6

Electromagnetic High frequency Localized Welding electromagnetic melting, else waves low temperature

Few seconds

Not required

7

Ultrasonic Welding Forge Welding

Oscillatory Shear Stress High Temperature furnace

8

Well below the melting point 0.5-0.9 of Melting Point

Several Seconds Few Hours

Not required

Not required

Name: Abhinav Yadav Roll No.: 09010302 Dept.: ME, IIT Guwahati

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