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63523636-Mach-an-Is

# 63523636-Mach-an-Is

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# 1.1 A stainless steel tube with an outside diameter of 60 mm and a wall thickness of 5 mm is used as a compression member.

If the axial stress in the member must be limited to 340 MPa, determine the maximum load P that the member can support.

Solution
The cross-sectional area of the stainless steel tube is

[(60 mm)2 − (50 mm)2 ] = 863.938 mm 2 4 4 The normal stress in the tube can be expressed as P σ= A The maximum normal stress in the tube must be limited to 340 MPa. Using 340 MPa as the allowable normal stress, rearrange this expression to solve for the maximum load P Pmax ≤ σ allow A = (340 N/mm 2 )(863.938 mm 2 ) = 293, 739 N = 294 kN Ans. A=

π

(D2 − d 2 ) =

π

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

1.2 A 2024-T4 aluminum tube with an outside diameter of 2.50 in. will be used to support a 12 kip load. If the axial stress in the member must be limited to 25 ksi, determine the wall thickness required for the tube.

Solution
From the definition of normal stress, solve for the minimum area required to support a 12-kip load without exceeding a stress of 25 ksi P P 12 kips σ= ∴ Amin ≥ = = 0.480 in.2 σ 25 ksi A The cross-sectional area of the aluminum tube is given by 4 Set this expression equal to the minimum area and solve for the maximum inside diameter d A=

π

(D2 − d 2 )

π

4

[(2.50 in.) 2 − d 2 ] ≥ 0.480 in.2 4

(2.50 in.) 2 − d 2 ≥ (2.50 in.) 2 − 4

π

(0.480 in.2 )

∴ d max ≤ 2.374625 in.

π

(0.480 in.2 ) ≥ d 2

The outside diameter D, the inside diameter d, and the wall thickness t are related by D = d + 2t Therefore, the minimum wall thickness required for the aluminum tube is D − d 2.50 in. − 2.374525 in. = = 0.062738 in. = 0.0627 in. tmin ≥ 2 2

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

1.3 Two solid cylindrical rods (1) and (2) are joined together at flange B and loaded, as shown in Fig. P1.3. The diameter of rod (1) is D1 = 24 mm and the diameter of rod (2) is D2 = 42 mm. Determine the normal stresses in rods (1) and (2).

Fig. P1.3

Solution
Cut a FBD through rod (1) that includes the free end of the rod at A. Assume that the internal force in rod (1) is tension. From equilibrium, ΣFx = F1 − 80 kN = 0 ∴ F1 = 80 kN (T) Next, cut a FBD through rod (2) that includes the free end of the rod A. Assume that the internal force in rod (2) is tension. Equilibrium of this FBD reveals the internal force in rod (2):
ΣFx = F2 + 140 kN + 140 kN − 80 kN = 0 ∴ F2 = −200 kN = 200 kN (C)

From the given diameter of rod (1), the cross-sectional area of rod (1) is

4 and thus, the normal stress in rod (1) is F (80 kN)(1,000 N/kN) σ1 = 1 = = 176.8388 MPa = 176.8 MPa (T) A1 452.3893 mm 2
From the given diameter of rod (2), the cross-sectional area of rod (2) is (42 mm) 2 = 1,385.4424 mm 2 4 Accordingly, the normal stress in rod (2) is F (−200 kN)(1,000 N/kN) = −144.3582 MPa = 144.4 MPa (C) σ2 = 2 = A2 1,385.4424 mm 2 A2 =

A1 =

π

(24 mm) 2 = 452.3893 mm 2

Ans.

π

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

1.4 Two solid cylindrical rods (1) and (2) are joined together at flange B and loaded, as shown in Fig. P1.4. If the normal stress in each rod must be limited to 120 MPa, determine the minimum diameter D required for each rod.

Fig. P1.4

Solution
Cut a FBD through rod (1) that includes the free end of the rod at A. Assume that the internal force in rod (1) is tension. From equilibrium, ΣFx = F1 − 80 kN = 0 ∴ F1 = 80 kN (T) Next, cut a FBD through rod (2) that includes the free end of the rod A. Assume that the internal force in rod (2) is tension. Equilibrium of this FBD reveals the internal force in rod (2): ΣFx = F2 + 140 kN + 140 kN − 80 kN = 0 ∴ F2 = −200 kN = 200 kN (C)

If the normal stress in rod (1) must be limited to 120 MPa, then the minimum cross-sectional area that can be used for rod (1) is F (80 kN)(1,000 N/kN) A1,min ≥ 1 = = 666.6667 mm 2 2 σ 120 N/mm The minimum rod diameter is therefore A1,min =

π

4

2 D1,min ≥ 666.6667 mm 2

∴ D1,min ≥ 29.1346 mm = 29.1 mm

Ans.

Similarly, the normal stress in rod (2) must be limited to 120 MPa. Notice that rod (2) is in compression. In this situation, we are concerned only with the magnitude of the stress; therefore, we will use the magnitude of F2 in the calculations for the minimum required cross-sectional area. F (200 kN)(1,000 N/kN) A2,min ≥ 2 = = 1, 666.6667 mm 2 2 σ 120 N/mm The minimum diameter for rod (2) is therefore A2,min =

π

4

2 D2,min ≥ 1, 666.6667 mm 2

∴ D2,min ≥ 46.0659 mm = 46.1 mm

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

1416 in. the cross-sectional area of rod (2) is 4 Accordingly. as shown in Fig.9 ksi (C) A2 3.5 Solution Cut a FBD through rod (1). the normal stress in rod (1) is F −15 kips σ1 = 1 = = −12.2272 in.25 in. The FBD should include the free end of the rod at A.2 4 and thus. π (2. From equilibrium. P1.) 2 = 1. Fig. we will assume that the internal force in rod (2) is tension. cut a FBD through rod (2) that includes the free end of the rod at A. Again. ΣFy = − F1 − 15 kips = 0 ∴ F1 = −15 kips = 15 kips (C) Next. the cross-sectional area of rod (1) is (1.00 in.1.00 in. We will assume that the internal force in rod (1) is tension (even though it obviously will be in compression).) 2 = 3.2 A1 = From the given diameter of rod (2). and the diameter of rod (2) is 2.8732 ksi = 23.2231 ksi = 12.2272 in. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. the normal stress in rod (2) is F −75 kips σ2 = 2 = = −23.25 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Determine the normal stresses in rods (1) and (2).5.22 ksi (C) A1 1. . Equilibrium of this FBD reveals the internal force in rod (2): ΣFy = − F2 − 30 kips − 30 kips − 15 kips = 0 ∴ F2 = −75 kips = 75 kips (C) From the given diameter of rod (1).5 Two solid cylindrical rods (1) and (2) are joined together at flange B and loaded.1416 in. The diameter of rod (1) is 1.2 A2 = π Ans.2 Ans. P1.

The FBD should include the free end of the rod at A. = 1.2 A1. we will assume that the internal force in rod (1) is tension (even though it obviously will be in compression). From equilibrium.6 Solution Cut a FBD through rod (1). = 2. as shown in Fig.030 in. As a matter of course.2 A2.1667 in.min ≥ 0.min = π 2 D1.6. which requires a minimum area of F 75 kips = 4. P1.6 Two solid cylindrical rods (1) and (2) are joined together at flange B and loaded. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.1667 in. Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. the normal stress in rod (2) must be limited to 18 ksi. then the minimum crosssectional area that can be used for rod (1) is F 15 kips = 0. therefore. we will use the force magnitudes to determine the minimum required cross-sectional areas. we will assume that the internal force in rod (2) is tension.2 ∴ D2.0301 in.min ≥ 1 = σ 18 ksi The minimum rod diameter is therefore ∴ D1. If the normal stress in rod (1) must be limited to 18 ksi.8333 in. cut a FBD through rod (2) that includes the free end of the rod at A. Again. ΣFy = − F1 − 15 kips = 0 ∴ F1 = −15 kips = 15 kips (C) Next.min ≥ 2. Ans.1. 4 Similarly. Fig.8333 in.min ≥ 4.30 in.3033 in.min ≥ 1. we are concerned only with the stress magnitude. In this situation. . determine the minimum diameter D required for each rod.min = A1.min ≥ 2 = σ 18 ksi The minimum diameter for rod (2) is therefore A2.2 π 4 2 D2. If the normal stress in each rod must be limited to 18 ksi. P1. Equilibrium of this FBD reveals the internal force in rod (2): ΣFy = − F2 − 30 kips − 30 kips − 15 kips = 0 ∴ F2 = −75 kips = 75 kips (C) Notice that rods (1) and (2) are in compression.

P1.00 in. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Again. and the diameter of steel rod (3) is 3.00 in. Equilibrium of this FBD reveals the internal force in rod (2): ΣFy = − F2 − 30 kips − 15 kips − 15 kips + 20 kips + 20 kips = 0 ∴ F2 = −20 kips = 20 kips (C) Similarly. P1.. ΣFy = − F1 − 30 kips − 15 kips − 15 kips = 0 ∴ F1 = −60 kips = 60 kips (C) FBD through rod (1) FBD through rod (2) FBD through rod (3) Next.7.7 Solution Cut a FBD through rod (1).7 Axial loads are applied with rigid bearing plates to the solid cylindrical rods shown in Fig.50 in. cut a FBD through rod (2) that includes the free end A. We will assume that the internal force in rod (1) is tension (even though it obviously will be in compression). cut a FBD through rod (3) that includes the free end A. The FBD should include the free end A. The diameter of aluminum rod (1) is 2. Determine the axial stress in each of the three rods. Fig. From equilibrium. the diameter of brass rod (2) is 1.1. .. we will assume that the internal force in rod (2) is tension. the internal force in rod (3) is: Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. From this FBD.

the cross-sectional area of rod (3) is (3.ΣFy = − F3 − 30 kips − 15 kips − 15 kips + 20 kips + 20 kips − 35 kips − 35 kips = 0 ∴ F3 = −90 kips = 90 kips (C) From the given diameter of rod (1).50 in.1416 in.32 ksi (C) σ2 = 2 = A2 1.10 ksi (C) σ1 = 1 = A1 3.00 in.00 in.3177 ksi = 11. the cross-sectional area of rod (2) is 4 Accordingly.7671 in.)2 = 7. π Ans.0686 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.2 Finally.0986 ksi = 19.) 2 = 1. .73 ksi (C) σ3 = 3 = A3 7.7324 ksi = 12. π (1.2 4 and the normal stress in the steel rod is F −90 kips = −12.2 A3 = A2 = A1 = π (2. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.7671 in. the normal stress in aluminum rod (1) is F −60 kips = −19.0686 in.) 2 = 3.2 Ans. the cross-sectional area of rod (1) is 4 and thus.2 From the given diameter of rod (2).1416 in. the normal stress in brass rod (2) is F −20 kips = −11.2 Ans.

Begin with a FBD cut through rod (1) that includes the free end A.8 Solution The internal forces in the three rods must be determined. ΣFy = − F1 − 30 kips − 15 kips − 15 kips = 0 ∴ F1 = −60 kips = 60 kips (C) FBD through rod (1) FBD through rod (2) FBD through rod (3) Next. Equilibrium of this FBD reveals the internal force in rod (2): ΣFy = − F2 − 30 kips − 15 kips − 15 kips + 20 kips + 20 kips = 0 ∴ F2 = −20 kips = 20 kips (C) Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. The normal stress in aluminum rod (1) must be limited to 25 ksi. Fig. From equilibrium. Again.8 Axial loads are applied with rigid bearing plates to the solid cylindrical rods shown in Fig. the normal stress in brass rod (2) must be limited to 15 ksi. P1. P1.8. We will assume that the internal force in rod (1) is tension (even though it obviously will be in compression). and the normal stress in steel rod (3) must be limited to 10 ksi.1. . cut a FBD through rod (2) that includes the free end A. Determine the minimum diameter D required for each of the three rods. we will assume that the internal force in rod (2) is tension.

min ≥ 1.39 in.min ≥ 9. The minimum cross-sectional area required for this rod is: F 90 kips A3.7481 in. we will use the force magnitudes to determine the minimum required crosssectional areas.min ≥ 1.2 ∴ D3.min ≥ 1. cut a FBD through rod (3) that includes the free end A.min ≥ 1 = = 2. = 3.2 σ 2 15 ksi which requires a minimum diameter for rod (2) of A2. . therefore. = 1. the minimum rod diameters.min ≥ 2.40 in.2 σ 3 10 ksi which requires a minimum diameter for rod (3) of A3.min = π 4 2 D3.303 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.2 ∴ D1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. therefore.min ≥ 3 = = 9.3333 in.3029 in. and in turn. we are concerned only with the stress magnitude.0 in. The normal stress in steel rod (3) must be limited to 10 ksi.min ≥ 3. From this FBD.0 in. the minimum cross-sectional area required for rod (1) is F 60 kips A1.3851 in.748 in.min ≥ 2 = = 1. The normal stress in aluminum rod (1) must be limited to 25 ksi.Similarly. the internal force in rod (3) is: ΣFy = − F3 − 30 kips − 15 kips − 15 kips + 20 kips + 20 kips − 35 kips − 35 kips = 0 ∴ F3 = −90 kips = 90 kips (C) Notice that all three rods are in compression. In this situation. = 1. Ans. Ans.2 ∴ D2.3333 in.min = π 4 2 D1.min = π 4 2 D2. Ans.40 in.2 σ 1 25 ksi The minimum rod diameter is therefore A1. The normal stress in brass rod (2) must be limited to 15 ksi. which requires a minimum area of F 20 kips A2.

(b) gives cos(55. Eq.3 m tan β = = 0. the internal force in rod (1) is therefore: Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.6 m Write equilibrium equations for the sum of forces in the horizontal and vertical directions.6553°) Substituting Eq. .8403°) − P = 0 (a) (b) Unknown forces F1 and F2 can be found from the simultaneous solution of Eqs. Determine the angle α between rod (1) and the horizontal axis: 5.2303 For the given load of P = 32 kN.8403°)] = P ∴ F1 = P P = cos(55.6553°) + F1 sin(55. (b) can be solved for F2 in terms of F1: cos(55.8403°) 1. P1. Note: Rods (1) and (2) are two-force members.7174 ∴ β = 35.9 Solution Consider a FBD of joint B. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8403°) sin(35. (a) and (b).6553°) − F1 cos(55.6553° 4. (c) into Eq.4737 ∴α = 55.8403°) = 0 ΣFy = F2 sin(35.8403°) = P F1 cos(35. as shown in Fig.6553°) F1 [ cos(55. Determine the axial stress in each rod. Rod (1) has a diameter of 16 mm and the diameter of rod (2) is 12 mm. Fig.6 m tan α = = 1. P1.8403°) F2 = F1 (c) cos(35. ΣFx = F2 cos(35.6553°) + sin(55.9 Two solid cylindrical rods support a load of P = 32 kN.8403°) tan(35.8403°) tan(35. Using the substitution method.8 m and the angle β between rod (2) and the horizontal axis: 3.9.1.6553°) + sin(55.8403° 3.6553°) + F1 sin(55.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.6553°) cos(35.0101 kN)(1. its cross-sectional area is: 4 and the normal stress in rod (2) is: F (17.6553°) F1 = The diameter of rod (1) is 16 mm. .2303 Backsubstituting this result into Eq.0973 mm 2 Ans. π (12 mm) 2 = 113.0101 kN 1.0619 mm 2 4 and the normal stress in rod (1) is: F (26. (c) gives force F2: cos(55.0101 kN) = 17.000 N/kN) σ1 = 1 = = 129.000 N/kN) σ2 = 2 = = 158.3636 N/mm 2 = 129.9 MPa (T) 2 A2 113. therefore.9742 kN)(1.0619 mm A1 = The diameter of rod (2) is 12 mm.8403°) cos(55. therefore.4 MPa (T) 2 A1 201. its cross-sectional area is: (16 mm) 2 = 201. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.9269 N/mm 2 = 158.0973 mm A2 = π Ans.32 kN = 26.9742 kN cos(35.8403°) F2 = F1 = (26.

8403°) − P = 0 (a) (b) Unknown forces F1 and F2 can be found from the simultaneous solution of Eqs.8403°) sin(35.6553°) + sin(55.8403° 3. determine the minimum diameter D required for each rod. as shown in Fig.3 m tan β = = 0. Note: Rods (1) and (2) are two-force members. P1.1.6553°) + sin(55.6 m tan α = = 1.8403°) tan(35. Using the substitution method.6553°) F1 [ cos(55.8403°)] = P ∴ F1 = P P = cos(55. (c) into Eq.7174 ∴ β = 35. ΣFx = F2 cos(35.6553°) Substituting Eq.8403°) tan(35.10.6553° 4.6553°) + F1 sin(55. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Eq.8403°) = P F1 cos(35. Determine the angle α between rod (1) and the horizontal axis: 5. P1.10 Solution Consider a FBD of joint B.8403°) = 0 ΣFy = F2 sin(35.6553°) + F1 sin(55.6 m Write equilibrium equations for the sum of forces in the horizontal and vertical directions. the internal force in rod (1) is therefore: Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Fig. .8403°) F2 = F1 (c) cos(35.8 m and the angle β between rod (2) and the horizontal axis: 3. (a) and (b). (b) gives cos(55. If the normal stress in each rod must be limited to 165 MPa.2303 For the given load of P = 70 kN. (b) can be solved for F2 in terms of F1: cos(55.10 Two solid cylindrical rods support a load of P = 70 kN.6553°) − F1 cos(55.8403°) 1.4737 ∴α = 55.

42 mm Ans.min = π 4 2 D2.70 kN = 56.min ≥ 238.8285 mm 2 ∴ D1.3182 kN)(1.min ≥ 17.6553°) F1 = The normal stress in rod (1) must be limited to 165 MPa.8967 kN 1. .8285 mm 2 A1.9535 mm = 21.2921 mm 2 ∴ D2. the minimum cross-sectional area required for rod (1) is F (56. (c) gives force F2: cos(55.000 N/kN) = 238.2921 mm 2 A2. therefore. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8403°) F2 = F1 = (56.min = π 4 2 D1.0 mm Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.min ≥ 2 = 2 σ2 165 N/mm which requires a minimum diameter for rod (2) of A2.min ≥ 1 = 2 σ1 165 N/mm The minimum rod diameter is therefore A1.8967 kN) = 39.8967 kN)(1.4185 mm = 17.min ≥ 344.3182 kN cos(35.min ≥ 20.6553°) cos(35.000 N/kN) = 344.8403°) cos(55.2303 Backsubstituting this result into Eq. The minimum area required for rod (2) is F (39.

11 Bar (1) in Fig. .50 kips Ans.75 in.5 kips Consider a FBD of ABC. the maximum force that may be carried by bar (1) is F1.2. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. From the moment equilibrium equation about joint A. P1.max = σ 1 A1 = (30 ksi)(0.75 in.1.2 ) = 22.75 in. determine the maximum load P that may be supported by the structure.max = 22. 10 ft 10 ft Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. If the stress in bar (1) must be limited to 30 ksi.5 kips into this relationship to obtain the maximum load that may be applied to the structure: 6 ft 6 ft P= F1 = (22. the relationship between the force in bar (1) and the load P is: ΣM A = (6 ft)F1 − (10 ft)P = 0 ∴P = 6 ft F1 10 ft Substitute the maximum force F1.5 kips) = 13.11 has a crosssectional area of 0. P1. Fig.11 Solution Given that the cross-sectional area of bar (1) is 0.2 and its normal stress must be limited to 30 ksi.

000 lb 2 In other words. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. wide.2 120 psi The boards are 6-in. gap is required between boards (1) and (2). Since the glue has a shear strength of 120 psi. the same rationale applies to board (1).6667 in. therefore.8889 in. . Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. For both boards (1) and (2).000 lb. the length of the splice plates must be at least Lmin = 6. Ans.9444 in. Therefore. P1. Fig. Note that a gap of 0.9444 in.5-in.5 in. equilibrium in the horizontal direction requires ΣFx = P − V − V = 0 ∴V = 10. Although we’ve discussed only board (2).5-in. = 14. 000 lb Amin ≥ = 41.5 in.6667 in.2 Lglue joint ≥ = 6.000 lb of shear resistance can be provided to board (2).9444 in.9444 in. the area of each glue surface on board (2) must be at least 5. The glue on the splice plates provides resistance to the 10. longer. + 6. Determine the smallest allowable length L that can be used for the splice plates for an applied load of P = 10. Altogether. therefore.000 lb applied load.12 Two 6 in. the splice plates must be at least 6. Denoting the shear resistance on a glue surface as V.9444 in.9444 in. each glue surface must be large enough so that 5. 6 in. is required between boards (1) and (2). + 0. wide wooden boards are to be joined by splice plates that will be fully glued on the contact surfaces. However.000 lb applied load on both the top and bottom surfaces of board (2).12 Solution Consider a FBD of board (2). long. The glue to be used can safely provide a shear strength of 120 psi. the splice plates must be 0.39 in.1. The glue applied to boards (1) and (2) must be matched by glue applied to the splice plates. the glue must be applied along a length of at least 6. on both the top and bottom of the boards in order to resist the 10. = 13. 000 lb = 5. glue must be spread along board (2) for a length of at least 41. we are told that a 0. + 6.

Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. .13 For the clevis connection shown in Fig.5 kN 2 The area of the bolt surface exposed by the FBD is simply the cross-sectional area of the bolt: Abolt = π 4 2 Dbolt = π 4 (24 mm) 2 = 452.13. determine the shear stress in the 24 mm diameter bolt for an applied load of P = 175 kN.3893 mm 2 Therefore.4175 N/mm 2 = 193. If the shear force acting on each exposed surface of the bolt is denoted by V. Fig.1.4 MPa 2 Abolt 452.5 kN)(1.13 Solution Consider a FBD of the bar that is connected by the clevis.000 N/kN) τ= = = 193. including a portion of the bolt. P1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. the shear stress in the bolt is V (87. then the shear force on each bolt surface is 175 kN ΣFx = P − V − V = 0 ∴V = = 87.3893 mm Ans. P1.

135923 kips = 6. P1.) 2 = π 4 (0.1.076699 in.14 Solution Consider a FBD of the bar that is connected by the clevis. including a portion of the bolt. the maximum shear force V on a single crosssectional surface must be limited to V = τ Abolt = (40 ksi)(0.14 kips Ans.067962 kips Therefore.076699 in.2 If the shear stress in the bolt must be limited to 40 ksi. If the shear force acting on each exposed surface of the bolt is denoted by V. Determine the maximum load P that may be applied to the connection.14.14 For the clevis connection shown in Fig. Fig. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.3125 in. diameter bolt must be limited to 40 ksi. the shear stress in the 5/16 in. P1. then the shear force on each bolt surface is related to the load P by: ΣFx = P − V − V = 0 ∴ P = 2V The area of the bolt surface exposed by the FBD is simply the cross-sectional area of the bolt: Abolt = π 4 2 Dbolt = π 4 (5 /16 in.067962 kips) = 6.2 ) = 3. the maximum load P that may be applied to the connection is P = 2V = 2(3. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.) 2 = 0. .

2 ksi AV 2. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. P1.4418 in.2 ) = 2.75 in.2089 in.1. diameter bolts if the load is P = 60 kips.75 in.15.2089 in. . the total area that carries shear stress is AV = 5 Abolt = 5(0. P1.15 For the connection shown in Fig. determine the average shear stress in the 0.2 4 4 Since there are five bolts.4418 in.2 Therefore.15 Solution The bolts in this connection act in single shear.1624 ksi = 27.2 Abolt = π 2 Dbolt = π Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.) 2 = 0. the shear stress in each bolt is P 60 kips τ= = = 27. Fig. The cross-sectional area of a single bolt is (0.

. the total shear area provided by the bolts must be at least P (550 kN)(1.000 N/kN) AV ≥ = = 2.4074 mm 2 = π 4 2 Dbolt ∴ Dbolt ≥ 22. 037. determine the minimum bolt diameter that may be used in the connection.16 Solution To support a load of 550 kN while not exceeding an average shear stress of 270 MPa.8 mm Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.16 The five-bolt connection shown in Fig.0370 mm 2 2 270 N/mm τ Since there are five single-shear bolts in this connection.0370 mm 2 Abolt ≥ = = 407. If the average shear stress in the bolts must be limited to 270 MPa.7756 mm = 22.1. Consequently.4074 mm 2 5 5 The minimum bolt diameter is therefore Abolt ≥ 407. 037. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. five cross-sectional surfaces carry shear stress. P1.16 must support an applied load of P = 550 kN. Fig P1. each bolt must provide a minimum area of AV 2.

17. Pmax = 253 kN Ans. Therefore. the three bolts provide a total shear area of AV = 2(3 bolts)Abolt = 2(3 bolts)(201. therefore.3716 mm 2 Since the shear stress must be limited to 210 MPa. Abolt = π 2 Dbolt = π (16 mm) 2 = 201.338. Fig. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. .17 Solution The cross-sectional area of a 16-mm-diameter bolt is 4 4 This is a double-shear connection. P1.0316 N In this connection. the total shear force that can be resisted by the three bolts is Vmax = τ AV = (210 N/mm 2 )(1. the average shear stress in the 16 mm diameter bolts must be limited to 210 MPa. 206. 206. P1.1.0619 mm 2 ) = 1.17 For the connection shown in Fig. the shear force in the bolts is equal to the applied load P. Determine the maximum load P that may be applied to the connection.3716 mm 2 ) = 253.0619 mm 2 Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.

P1.18 Solution The shear force V that must be provided by the bolts equals the applied load of P = 60 kips.1.2 ∴ Dbolt ≥ 0.9213 in.0 in. determine the minimum bolt diameter that may be used in the connection.6667 in. P1. . AV 4. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.18 The three-bolt connection shown in Fig. If the average shear stress in the bolts must be limited to 15 ksi.18 must support an applied load of P = 60 kips.2 Abolt = = = 0.0 in. The total shear area required is thus V 60 kips AV ≥ = = 4.6667 in. Fig. six cross-sectional bolt surfaces are available to transmit shear stress. = 0.921 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.2 per surface (2 surfaces per bolt)(3 bolts) 6 surfaces The minimum bolt diameter must be π 4 2 Dbolt ≥ 0. Ans.2 15 ksi τ The three bolts in this connection act in double shear. therefore.

319 mm 2 ) = 532. Fig. P1.19. as illustrated in Fig. P1. . The perimeter of the slug is given by perimeter = 2(75 mm) + π (20 mm) = 212. the area subjected to shear stress is AV = perimeter × plate thickness = (212.8319 mm)(10 mm) = 2.8319 mm Thus. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.319 mm 2 Given that the plate shears at τ = 250 MPa. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.19 A hydraulic punch press is used to punch a slot in a 10 mm thick plate.128.1. 080 N = 532 kN Ans. If the plate shears at a stress of 250 MPa. determine the minimum force P required to punch the slot.19 Solution The shear stress associated with removal of the slug exists on its perimeter.128. the force required to remove the slug is therefore Pmin = τ AV = (250 N/mm 2 )(2.

5 in. The minimum length L2 is therefore A 12.5 in. Ans. The circumference C2 of pipe (2) is C2 = π D2 = π (1. The adhesive is applied to the circumference of the pipe.9894 in.6526 in. P1.5 in. Consider the coupling on pipe (2).2832 in. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.2832 in.2 τ adhesive 400 psi Consider the coupling on pipe (1). = 2.2 L2 ≥ V = = 2. Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. If the average shear stress in the adhesive must be limited to 400 psi.20.2 L1 ≥ V = = 1. determine the minimum lengths L1 and L2 required for the joint if the applied load P is 5. Fig.) = 6.000 lb. as shown in Fig.000 lb.7124 in.20 Solution To resist a shear force of 5.) = 4. . P1.0 in.5 in.65 in. diameter plastic pipe (1) to a 1.20 A coupling is used to connect a 2 in. diameter pipe (2). C1 6.5 in.1.7124 in. C2 4. and the circumference C1 of pipe (1) is C1 = π D1 = π (2. 000 lb AV = = = 12. = 1. The minimum length L1 is therefore A 12. the area of adhesive required on each pipe is V 5.989 in.

e.21 Solution To determine the shear force V that must be resisted by the shear key. Therefore. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. as shown in Fig. P1.. determine the minimum dimension “a” that must be used if the key is 25 mm long. the shear area required is V 11.8333 mm 2 a≥ V = = 5.21 A lever is attached to a shaft with a square shear key.83 mm Ans.8333 mm = 5.1. The force applied to the lever is P = 350 N. the minimum key width a is A 145. 666. 25 mm L Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. If the shear stress in the key must not exceed 80 MPa. P1. sum moments about the center of the shaft (which will be denoted O): ⎛ 42 mm ⎞ ΣM O = −(350 N)(700 mm) + ⎜ ∴V = 11.8333 mm 2 2 80 N/mm τ The shear area in the key is given by the product of its length L (i.6667 N ⎟V = 0 ⎝ 2 ⎠ Since the shear stress in the key must not exceed 80 MPa. 666. .21. 25 mm) and its width a. Fig.6667 N AV ≥ = = 145.

therefore.000 lb.291 in. the cross-sectional area of the pin is given by AV 0. V = P = 4. therefore. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.1333 in.000 lb AV ≥ = = 0.22.000 lb.2 AV = 2 Apin ∴ Apin = = = 0. The shear stress in the pin must be limited to 30.0667 in. The shear area required to support a 4.2913 in. Thus.2 2 2 and the minimum pin diameter is π 4 2 Dpin ≥ 0. Fig. 000 psi The hitch pin is used in a double-shear connection.000 psi. Ans. determine the minimum diameter that must be used for the pin. .2 τ 30.1333 in. P1. P1.2 ∴ Dpin ≥ 0.22 A common trailer hitch connection is shown in Fig.1. = 0.22 Solution The shear force V acting in the hitch pin is equal to the applied load. If the applied load is P = 4. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. two cross-sectional areas of the pin are subjected to shear stress.0667 in.000 lb shear force is V 4.

which has a cross-sectional area of 11. the minimum plate area is P 1. 254. If the average normal stress in the steel column must not exceed 110 MPa. the maximum column load is Pmax = σ A = (110 N/mm 2 )(11. 000 N The maximum column load must be distributed over a large enough area so that the bearing stress between the base plate and the concrete slab does not exceed 8 MPa.9167 mm = 396 mm Ans. 400 mm 2 ) = 1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. P1.1.23 An axial load P is supported by a short steel column. .23 Solution Since the normal stress in the steel column must not exceed 110 MPa. therefore. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. determine the minimum required dimension “a” so that the bearing stress between the base plate and the concrete slab does not exceed 8 MPa. Fig. 000 N Amin = = = 156. 750 mm 2 2 8 N/mm σb Since the plate is square. the minimum plate dimension a must be Amin = 156. 750 mm 2 = a × a ∴ a ≥ 395.400 mm2. 254.

1623 ksi = 12..43 in. Determine (a) The average bearing stress at the surfaces between the pipe column and the upper and lower steel bearing plates.1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8889 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. the contact area must be at least P 80 kips Ab ≥ = = 88.24 The steel pipe column shown in Fig.2 L≥ = = 14. P1. the bearing stress between the pipe and one of the bearing plates is P 80 kips σb = = = 12. P1.8837 in.5 ksi). To calculate the pipe area. the contact area must be at least P 80 kips Ab ≥ = = 160 in. π π Ans. The pipe cross-sectional area is ⎡ D 2 − d 2 ⎤ = ⎡ (8. (b) The length L of the rectangular upper bearing plate if its width is 10.88 in.9 ksi Since the lower bearing plate is square. .25 in.625 in. = 14.2 ∴ a ≥ 9.e.16 ksi Ab 6. To support the 80-kip pipe load.75 in. we must first calculate the pipe inside diameter d: D = d + 2t ∴ d = D − 2t = 8. Ans.625 in. 0. beam width 10. The load imposed on the column by the timber beam is 80 kips.125 in.24 Solution (a) The area of contact between the pipe column and one of the bearing plates is simply the crosssectional area of the pipe.) 2 − (8.4281 in.2 Apipe = (b) The bearing stress between the timber beam and the upper bearing plate must not exceed 500 psi (i. and the upper plate has the same width.2 σ b 0.9 ksi). = 9.. 0.125 in.25 in. (c) The dimension “a” of the square lower bearing plate if the average bearing stress between the lower bearing plate and the concrete slab is not to exceed 900 psi.8889 in. and a wall thickness of 0. − 2(0.5777 in.) 2 ⎤ = 6.. The timber beam is 10.2 σ b 0. Fig. then the length L of the upper bearing plate must be Ab 160 in.75 in wide. (c) The bearing stress between the concrete slab and the lower bearing plate must not exceed 900 psi (i.) = 8.625 in. its dimension a must be Ab = a × a = 88.e.75 in.5777 in. To support a load of 80 kips.24 has an outside diameter of 8.2 ⎦ 4⎣ ⎦ 4⎣ Therefore.5 ksi If the width of the timber beam is 10. and the average bearing stress between the steel plate and the wood beam is not to exceed 500 psi.75 in.

5708 in.5708 in.6 kips Ans. The overall cross-sectional area of the collar is 4 is reduced by the area taken up by the shaft 4 Therefore.)(0. the maximum load that can be supported by the vertical shaft is: P ≤ τ AV = (18 ksi)(1.7854 in.5 in. determine the maximum axial load P that can be applied to the shaft. the maximum load that can be supported by the shaft is Pmax = 23. therefore. P1.0 in. Acollar = Ashaft = π (1. Based on these limits.25 A vertical shaft is supported by a thrust collar and bearing plate.25.) 2 = 1.1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.5619 kips Controlling P: Considering both shear stress in the collar and bearing stress between the collar and the plate.2743 kips Consider collar bearing stress: We must determine the area of contact between the collar and the plate. The average bearing stress between the collar and the plate must be limited to 24 ksi.2 ) = 28.25 Solution Consider collar shear stress: The area subjected to shear stress in the collar is equal to the product of the shaft circumference and the collar thickness. as shown in Fig.7671 in.2 If the bearing stress must not exceed 24 ksi. the maximum load that can be supported by the vertical shaft is: P ≤ σ b Ab = (24 ksi)(0.2 π (1.7671 in.2 ) = 23. AV = shaft circumference × collar thickness = π (1.7854 in.2 = 0. Fig.2 Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.9817 in. The average shear stress in the collar must be limited to 18 ksi. P1.2 If the shear stress must not exceed 18 ksi.) = 1. the area of the collar that actually contacts the plate is Ab = Acollar − Ashaft = 1.5 in.9817 in.2 − 0.) 2 = 0. .0 in.

Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.26 A structural steel bar with a 25 mm × 75 mm rectangular cross section is subjected to an axial load of 150 kN. Solution The maximum normal stress in the steel bar is F (150 kN)(1.1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Determine the maximum normal and shear stresses in the bar. . τ max = σ max 2 = 40 MPa Ans.000 N/kN) σ max = = = 80 MPa A (25 mm)(75 mm) The maximum shear stress is one-half of the maximum normal stress Ans.

2 in order to satisfy both the normal and shear stress limits.8333 in.8333 in. The minimum rod diameter D is therefore π 4 2 Dmin ≥ 3. . Determine the required diameter D for the rod. Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.21 in.8333 in.2 σ max 30 ksi For the 12-ksi shear stress limit. the minimum cross-sectional area of the rod is F 92 kips Amin = = = 3. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.2 2τ max 2(12 ksi) Therefore. = 2.27 A steel rod of circular cross section will be used to carry an axial load of 92 kips.2 ∴ Dmin = 2. Solution Based on the allowable 30 ksi tension stress limit. the minimum cross-sectional area of the rod must be F 92 kips Amin = = = 3. the rod must have a cross-sectional area of at least 3.2092 in. The maximum stresses in the rod must be limited to 30 ksi in tension and 12 ksi in shear.1.0667 in.

.2324 mm 2 Ans.000 N/kN) τ nt = = = 39.1539 MPa = 39. P1. Ans.28.2 MPa An 366.4788 kN)(1.3394 kN The cross-sectional area of the bar is 300 mm2.28 Solution The angle θ for the inclined plane is 35°.1.28 An axial load P is applied to the rectangular bar shown in Fig. Determine the normal stress perpendicular to plane AB and the shear stress parallel to plane AB if the bar is subjected to an axial load of P = 25 kN.9175 MPa = 55.4788 kN and the shear force V parallel to plane AB is V = P sin θ = (25 kN)sin 35° = 14.2324 mm 2 cos θ cos 35° The normal stress σn perpendicular to plane AB is N (20. The normal force N perpendicular to plane AB is found from N = P cos θ = (25 kN) cos 35° = 20. but the area along inclined plane AB is A 300 mm 2 An = = = 366. P1.3394 kN)(1.2324 mm 2 The shear stress τnt parallel to plane AB is V (14.000 N/kN) σn = = = 55. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Fig. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. The cross-sectional area of the bar is 300 mm2.9 MPa An 366.

9375 in.8750 in.25 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.29 An axial load P is applied to the 1.24 ksi An 1.2376 ksi = 9.2. Ans.8750 in.29 Solution The angle θ for the inclined plane is 60°. P1. The normal force N perpendicular to plane AB is found from N = P cos θ = (20 kips) cos 60° = 10.2 cos 60° The normal stress σn perpendicular to plane AB is N 10.0 kips and the shear force V parallel to plane AB is V = P sin θ = (20 kips)sin 60° = 17.75 in.25 in. Fig. rectangular bar shown in Fig.3205 kips τ nt = = = 9. Determine the normal stress perpendicular to plane AB and the shear stress parallel to plane AB if the bar is subjected to an axial load of P = 20 kips. P1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8750 in.) = 0.9375 in.3205 kips The cross-sectional area of the bar is (1.75 in.33 ksi An 1. but the area along inclined plane AB is 0.)(0.2 The shear stress τnt parallel to plane AB is V 17.2 An = A / cos θ = = 1.3333 ksi = 5. .0 kips σn = = = 5.2 Ans. by 0.29.1.

8861 kips σn = = = 1.)(4 in.645 ksi An 27.2 cos 55° The normal stress σn perpendicular to plane AB is N 45.2.3492 ksi = 2. . Ans.30 Solution The angle θ for the inclined plane is 55°.2 Ans.) = 16 in. but the area along inclined plane AB is 16 in.2 The shear stress τnt parallel to plane AB is V 65. Determine the normal stress perpendicular to plane AB and the shear stress parallel to plane AB.5322 kips τ nt = = = 2.30 A compression load of P = 80 kips is applied to a 4 in. as shown in Fig. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.1.5322 kips The cross-sectional area of the post is (4 in. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.6449 ksi = 1. square post. P1. Fig.35 ksi An 27. P1.8861 kips and the shear force V parallel to plane AB is V = P sin θ = (80 kips) sin 55° = 65.8951 in. The normal force N perpendicular to plane AB is found from N = P cos θ = (80 kips) cos 55° = 45. by 4 in.8951 in.30.2 An = A / cos θ = = 27.8951 in.

therefore. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. respectively. P1.902 N P≤ 1 + cos 2θ 1 + cos 2(55°) The shear stress on plane AB is limited to 70 MPa. From Eq.500 mm2.5 kN Ans. Determine the maximum load P that can be applied without exceeding the specifications. P1. . the maximum load P based the shear stress limit is 2 Aτ nt 2(2.31 require that the normal and shear stresses on plane AB not exceed 100 MPa and 70 MPa. the maximum load P that can be supported by the square bar is found from Eq. (b).500 mm 2 )(70 N/mm 2 ) = = 372. The normal stress on plane AB is limited to 100 MPa.31 Solution The general equations for normal and shear stresses on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ are P σn = (1 + cos 2θ ) (a) 2A and P τ nt = sin 2θ (b) 2A The cross-sectional area of the square bar is A = (50 mm)2 = 2. 462 N P≤ sin 2θ sin 2(55°) Thus.31 Specifications for the 50 mm × 50 mm square bar shown in Fig. (a): 2 Aσ n 2(2. Fig. and the angle θ for plane AB is 55°. the maximum load that can be supported by the bar is Pmax = 372.1.500 mm 2 )(100 N/mm 2 ) = = 759. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

32 Solution The general equations for normal and shear stresses on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ are P σn = (1 + cos 2θ ) (a) 2A and P τ nt = sin 2θ (b) 2A The cross-sectional area of the square post is A = (6 in. P1. Determine the maximum load P that can be applied without exceeding the specifications.32 require that the normal and shear stresses on plane AB not exceed 800 psi and 400 psi. Fig. (b). 244 lb P≤ sin 2θ sin 2(40°) Thus. respectively. the maximum load that can be supported by the post is Pmax = 29.2 )(400 psi) = = 29. × 6 in. therefore.)2 = 36 in. From Eq. the maximum load P based the shear stress limit is 2 Aτ nt 2(36 in. square post shown in Fig. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. 078 lb P≤ 1 + cos 2θ 1 + cos 2(40°) The shear stress on plane AB is limited to 400 psi.2. P1. .32 Specifications for the 6 in.1. The normal stress on plane AB is limited to 800 psi. the maximum load P that can be supported by the square post is found from Eq.2 )(800 psi) = = 49. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. 200 lb = 29. (a): 2 Aσ n 2(36 in.2 kips Ans. and the angle θ for plane AB is 40°.

(a): P (280 kN)(1.379.000 N/kN) A≥ sin 2θ = sin 2(50°) = 1.7309 mm 2 2 2τ nt 2(100 N/mm ) To satisfy both the normal and shear stress requirements.3192 mm = 15. tmin = = 15. . the minimum cross-sectional area A required to support P = 280 kN can be found from Eq.7309 mm2. The normal stress on plane AB is limited to 150 MPa. Fig. (b): P (280 kN)(1.378. Determine the minimum thickness t required for the bar.7309 mm 2 Ans.000 N/kN) A≥ (1 + cos 2θ ) = (1 + cos 2(50°)) = 771. the minimum bar thickness t must be 1.2617 mm 2 2 2σ n 2(150 N/mm ) The shear stress on plane AB is limited to 100 MPa.378. The normal and shear stresses on plane AB must be limited to 150 MPa and 100 MPa.33 Solution The general equations for normal and shear stresses on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ are P σn = (1 + cos 2θ ) (a) 2A and P τ nt = sin 2θ (b) 2A The angle θ for plane AB is 50°. Since the bar width is 90 mm. therefore. therefore.32 mm 90 mm Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. the cross-sectional area must be at least Amin = 1. P1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.1. respectively.33 A 90 mm wide bar will be used to carry an axial tension load of 280 kN. the minimum cross-sectional area A required to support P = 280 kN can be found from Eq.

. Determine the maximum load P that can be applied without exceeding either stress limit.00 in.0 in.) = 9.5651° 1 The cross-sectional area of the bar is A = w×t = (6. (b).34 A rectangular bar having width w = 6. therefore. The normal stress on plane AB is limited to 16 ksi. (a): 2 Aσ n 2(9.00 in.)(1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.50 in. P1.5651°) The shear stress on plane AB is limited to 8 ksi. the maximum load P based the shear stress limit is 2 Aτ nt 2(9. and thickness t = 1. the maximum load that can be supported by the bar is Pmax = 240 kips Ans. From Eq.1. 440 ksi P≤ 1 + cos 2θ 1 + cos 2(71.50 in.0 in.0 in.2 )(8 ksi) = = 240 kips P≤ sin 2θ sin 2(71. Fig. is subjected to a tension load P. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. The normal and shear stresses on plane AB must not exceed 16 ksi and 8 ksi.2. the maximum load P can be found from Eq. respectively.34 Solution The general equations for normal and shear stresses on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ are P σn = (1 + cos 2θ ) (a) 2A and P τ nt = sin 2θ (b) 2A The angle θ for inclined plane AB is calculated from 3 tan θ = = 3 ∴θ = 71.5651°) Thus.2 )(16 ksi) = = 1.

Since the bar width is 2..50 in. 2. therefore. respectively.5651°) = 3.2 2σ n 2(16 ksi) The shear stress on plane AB is limited to 8 ksi. Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.2 2τ nt 2(8 ksi) To satisfy both the normal and shear stress requirements.2 tmin = = 1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.35 In Fig. P1.2750 in. The normal and shear stresses on plane AB must not exceed 16 ksi and 8 ksi. Fig. (b): P 85 kips A≥ sin 2θ = sin 2(71. the minimum cross-sectional area A required to support P = 85 kips can be found from Eq. = 1.1875 in. and thickness t is subjected to a tension load of P = 85 kips. the minimum cross-sectional area A required to support P = 85 kips can be found from Eq. therefore. .2.50 in.35. the minimum bar thickness t must be 3. the cross-sectional area must be at least Amin = 3.5651° 1 The normal stress on plane AB is limited to 16 ksi.50 in.275 in.35 Solution The general equations for normal and shear stresses on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ are P (a) σn = (1 + cos 2θ ) 2A and P τ nt = sin 2θ (b) 2A The angle θ for inclined plane AB is calculated from 3 tan θ = = 3 ∴θ = 71. (a): P 85 kips A≥ (1 + cos 2θ ) = (1 + cos 2(71. Determine the minimum bar thickness t required for the bar.1875 in.1.5312 in.5651°)) = 0. a rectangular bar having width w = 2. P1.1875 in.

25 kips τ nt = sin 2(36. The normal stress on plane AB of the rectangular block shown in Fig. (a): 2 Aσ n 2(6.25 kips σ max = = = 9.)(2.00 in.2 A and the maximum shear stress at any possible orientation in the block is P 56.2 ) (c) The maximum normal stress at any possible orientation is P 56.0 in. (a) (a) Since the normal stress on plane AB is given as 6 ksi.36 is 6 ksi (C) when the load P is applied.00 in. P= 1 + cos 2θ 1 + cos 2(36.36 The rectangular bar has a width of w = 3.00 in.8699°) = 4. and a thickness of t = 2. P1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Ans. . Fig.2.00 in.69 ksi 2 A 2(6.25 kips τ max = = = 4.2 )(6 ksi) = = 56.1.8699°) (b) The general equation for shear stress on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ is P τ nt = sin 2θ 2A therefore.6875 ksi = 4. the shear stress on plane AB is 56.00 in.36 Solution The general equation for normal stress on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ is P σn = (1 + cos 2θ ) 2A and the angle θ for inclined plane AB is 3 tan θ = = 0.3750 ksi = 9. the magnitude of load P can be calculated from Eq. Ans.) = 6. (c) the maximum normal and shear stresses in the block at any possible orientation.00 in.3 kips Ans.25 kips = 56.00 in.38 ksi 6. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.50 ksi 2(6.2 ) Ans.00 in.8699° 4 The cross-sectional area of the rectangular bar is A = (3.75 ∴θ = 36. Determine: (a) the magnitude of load P. (b) the shear stress on plane AB. P1.

8699°) (b) The general equation for normal stress on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ is P σn = (1 + cos 2θ ) 2A therefore.500 N τ max = = = 12.500 mm 2 )(12 N/mm 2 ) = = 187.500 mm 2 ) Ans. P1.5 kN Ans. (c) the maximum normal and shear stresses in the block at any possible orientation. P= sin 2θ sin 2(36. (a) (a) Since the shear stress on plane AB is given as 12 MPa.500 mm 2 ) (c) The maximum normal stress at any possible orientation is P 187. the magnitude of load P can be calculated from Eq.8699° 4 The cross-sectional area of the rectangular bar is A = (100 mm)(75 mm) = 7. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.1.500 mm 2 and the maximum shear stress at any possible orientation in the block is P 187. (b) the normal stress on plane AB. Fig. Ans. .0 MPa A 7.50 MPa 2 A 2(7.500 N σ max = = = 25.37 is 12 MPa when the load P is applied.37 The rectangular bar has a width of w = 100 mm and a thickness of t = 75 mm. the normal stress on plane AB is 187.75 ∴θ = 36.8699°)) = 16. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.500 N σn = (1 + cos 2(36.500 mm2.500 N = 187. P1.37 Solution The general equation for shear stress on an inclined plane in terms of the angle θ is P τ nt = sin 2θ 2A and the angle θ for inclined plane AB is 3 tan θ = = 0. Determine: (a) the magnitude of load P. Ans. (a): 2 Aτ nt 2(7.00 MPa 2(7. The shear stress on plane AB of the rectangular block shown in Fig.

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