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The study uncovered vital information and numerous problems facing the vending community on Chaguanas Main Road. One such piece of information is the pattern of the various age groups shown in Figure 1, with the majority of vendors being over the age of 30 (43.3%) while the age
range that was the second most prominent fell between the 25-30 age group (27%). There was a steady decline in the percentage of age groups as it decreased, revealing that vending attracts a more mature and older set of individuals. In Figure 2 ,100% of the vendors disagree in having enough space to vend. The average monthly income of most of the vendors seemed to be below average as the pie chart in Figure 3 showed a steady decline in the results obtained from the questionnaire pertaining to this particular question, with only 5% of the vendors earning more than $4000 dollars a month. This causes one to wonder what it takes to meet the needs of their children and others in the household, indicating that it takes allot of time and effort to meet such needs and that vending is no easy lifestyle.
poor or improper disposal of garbage. Offences committed against vendors.Figure 4 shows that over half of the vendors. physical abuse. This goes to show that relocation and space are two crucial factors amongst the vending society in Chaguanas. This leaves a quarter who have either some secondary or technical education. These crimes were found to be more common amongst the female vendors. This gives one reason as to why there are vendors ages 10 and over. even though they would have a better area with more space to sell their goods. other forms of offences and sexual harassment as observed from Figure 6. most of who are household heads have not finished primary school while less than a quarter have. and if proper measures are put in place. vandalism. robbery. A resulting pattern is that children are not encouraged to go to school and more importantly. especially sexual harassment. This is reflected in the monthly household income (Figure 3). obstruction of the roadway. in order of most frequent are larceny. Both Figures 3 and 4 answer questions that are vital to research. This is mainly because of the fact that they would lose the amount of customers that visit them. As can be seen in Figure 5. noise pollution and other forms of complaints are received from the users of the Main Road in order of most frequent. to continue their education. so only a few make it to secondary level. 2 . Overall a whopping preponderance has a monthly gross of under $4000. Figure 7 shows the vast majority of vendors strongly disagreeing with the idea of being relocated. even though they are few in number. lack of space for pedestrian traffic flow. leaving a minority with a still below average income. A trend here is that many start out in primary school but later drop out. Nearly half fall into the lower echelon of society as they earn less than $1000. This is the majority of problems faced by users of the Chaguanas Main Road. it can lead to the alleviation of such problems contributing both to the Main Road users and to the vendors. Lack of proper education reduces their chances of attaining well-paying jobs.
has posed as a problem to the vendors for quite some time. 47% of the vendors who were surveyed claimed that their fellow vendors have committed crimes against them as well. while 32% admitted to having committed a crime. Cross. as read in his book (2000). As 81% of the vendors stated that they do not pay for the land that they occupy. with 89% of the vendors stating the above. sourcing from the users of this Main Road. showing a pattern of consistency in terms of unlawfulness in matters such as vending. they have arguments amongst each other for a sufficient amount of space to sell. Criminal activity. These results go in hand with the research conducted by John C. 3 . This is another research that once again coincides with that of author John C. One other issue faced by the vendors on the Main Road was that of space to sell. It should be noted that those who have issues regarding space are those who do not pay for their area. Cross.DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS The major source of problems faced by the vendors of Chaguanas Main Road is crime. Informal Politics: Street Vendors and the State in Mexico City. Also.
The vendors were strongly against the idea of relocation.The majority of vendors live a life of poverty. This is seen as a major reason for the vendors being on the Main Road in the first place. Such a research coincides with that of John C. Prevention of traffic flow for pedestrians. per month. This data contradicts the fact that most of the vendors are pleased with the amount of customers they make. “The Guardian”. as stated in one of the articles from the local newspaper. as this area is one of the busiest paces in the country. 42% earn less than $1000. This clearly shows that the public have many issues with the vendors and that there is room for improvement of these existing problems. The method of data collection used in that research 4 . as he stated that the majority of the world’s population live under the poverty line and this directly links to research question number 2. claiming that relocation would be a great disadvantage to them as they would receive a decrease in the number of sales since no customers would visit. narrowing of roadways. as. Some differences were the fact that vendors had a hard time obtaining customers. Cross once again. which states that these vendors pose as a health risk and impacts on the quality of the public’s lives. in order of frequency. poor disposal of garbage and noise pollution are problems faced by the users of the Main Road. This information coincides with Global Report on Human Settlements. Differences in the trends and patterns of the research findings were very few. being as a result of certain differences in the methodologies by these article writers and authors. showing inconsistency. which directly relates to research question number 3 and the newspaper article by Rachel Uranga. The education level of the vendors is proof for this as the majority of them never completed primary school. by Shayer Ghafur (2001).
and such was done. both of the customers and of the vendors. the literature went hand in hand with the data collected. Chaguanas.was in the form of interviews. the reasons for which are known. proving the research to be valid. therefore. Even though methodologies were similar since he distributed questionnaires. Also. Cross. the street venders of Chaguanas did not have an organization or a political party as stated in the book by John C. but this was against the wishes of the vending community because they believe that there would be a great decline in the number of customers. in my opinion. Also. The vendors seemed well aware of the issues of the public and vice versa. One was in which the needs of the public can be met is by relocating the venders to a more secure. The purpose of this research was to uncover these problems and issues and find answers for their alleviation. Some of these problems could be easily solved and some require an advanced level of strategizing and planning as well as a greater effort by the government to procure measures that can satisfy the needs of both the vendors and the general public and to stop and prevent the phenomenon of vending. The results obtained from this study were all as expected since the questionnaire was clearly understood which ensured that the problem statement as well as the sub-problems were answered. Vending on a global scale pose various hazards to oneself and the public. spacious and sanitary environment. 5 . improving their lives on a whole. CONCLUSION Having examined the problems and issues associated with informal vending on Chaguanas Main Road. there are various differences in the ways of which Mexico and Trinidad operate. it should be reduced if not stopped. it can be concluded that there are many problems associated with such vending.
Due to the fact that a sample of the population was use it may not be fully representative of the entire population. The word limit for the project also meant that relevant information had to be omitted. 6 . This would have been ideal. A few vendors were reluctant to discuss personal matters. which was rather impolite and unwelcoming. Further. as different vendors would have identified a wider range of social and economic problems. considering the people in society. It was not possible to interview all the members of the entire vending community. LIMITATIONS This research project was limited to a small Main Road in Chaguanas. Thus care must be taken in attempting to apply findings to the wider Trinidad and Tobago society. findings become increasingly unreliable as it is applied to foreign societies/countries with significant cultural differences.Some exceptional and unexpected results were the satisfaction of the vendors in terms of sales. their values and what they stand for. especially when it came to income and expenditure. even though their monthly income was below average and the attitude of the public towards the vending community.
other vending sites should be visited to identify the extent of these problems. all vendors should be spoken to about the issues they face. The vendors can be relocated to another area. The vending stalls should also be state of the art and resistant from thieves and the environment. This includes building a recreational facility with a plaza for vendors and state of the art facilities. Job opportunities in the Chaguanas area may encourage venders to find legal and suitable jobs. large bins for garbage disposal. patrolling police officers at designated areas throughout the Main Road and to extend the roadway for more lanes. but this area should be set up in a way that can attract customers and become modernized. all with a small monthly rent of which the vendors can meet the needs of. provided that some major changes are made. There is immediate need to put in place proper drainage systems.RECOMMENDATIONS The vending community at Chaguanas Main Road can remain at its current location. With respect to the study. Preferably. Further. 7 . seasonal vendors should be put together with other stalls and share space until the end of the season. thereby allowing them to better provide for themselves and their families. it is advisable that in the future.
h-net. C. Informal Politics: Street Vendors and the State in Mexico City. Stanford. A. (2003). Available: https://www. Claifonia: H-Urban. is a Booming Industry.. Chaguanas mayor: Consumers holding on to cash. Los Angeles.tt/news/general/2008/12/24/chaguanasmayor-consumers-holding-cash Cross.BIBLIOGRAPHY Boodan. M. Global Report on Human Settlements. (2000). Nottingham.+IS+A+BOOMING.php?id=4503 Gordon.org/reviews/showrev.co. Available: http://www. December 23).com/PUSHED+TO+THE+LIMIT+STREET+VENDING.-a0129927957 8 . Uranga. CA: Daily News. J. +THOUGH+ILLEGAL.. March 06). Available: http://guardian. (2008. Though Illegal. Pushed to the Limit Street Vending. UK: Russell Press. (2005. R.thefreelibrary. Trinidad Guardian.
only to complete this questionnaire. Webb. as the research being done collects information that is not only a vital part of my investigation. December 17). (2008. To which age group do you belong? 10 to 15 15 to 20 20 to 25 25 to 30 30 and over What gender are you? Male Female 9 . but hopes to achieve an answer for the betterment of your future and well being. Your full cooperation would be greatly appreciated. Y. Available: http://guardian. Please remember that all information from this questionnaire remains strictly confidential. High Street vendors anger business people.tt/news/general/2008/12/18/high-streetvendors-anger-business-people APPENDICIES QUSETIONNAIRE A pleasant good afternoon to you! My name is Zachary Charran and I am a Lower Six student of Presentation College Chaguanas. conducting a research project pertaining to vending on Chaguanas Main Road. Trinidad Guardian. I humbly ask for a few minutes of your precious time.co.
How often do you sell your products at Chaguanas Main Road? Everyday Weekdays Some Days Seasonally 3. Do you think you get the amount of customers you would like? Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 5.1. Do you pay for the area that you currently occupy? Yes No 6. How many hours do you spend vending a day? 1 to 3 3 to 5 5 to 7 More than 7 4. Do you understand what the term Illegal Vending means? Yes Female 2. Do you think that you have enough space to vend? Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 10 .
Do you have any issues with your fellow vendors pertaining to space? Yes No 8. What is your Average Monthly Income? Less than $1000 $1000 to $2000 $2000 to 4000 More than $4000 9. up to what level of education have you attained? Incomplete Primary Post Graduate Complete Primary Secondary Technical Tertiary 10.7. How Often Are They Received Frequently Sometimes Rarely Complaints From Public Lack of Space for Pedestrians Noise Pollution Obstruction of the Roadway Poor or Improper Disposal of Garbage 11 . Please tick the box that relates to how often you receive the following complaints from users of Chaguanas Main Road. In your lifetime.
Please state what other complaints. if any: 12. Please tick if any of the following criminal offences have ever been committed against you: Have you ever been a victim of any of Criminal Offences Yes Physical Abuse Robbery Vandalism Larceny (Thievery) Sexual Harassment Other these offences? No 12 .Other 11. Have any of the users of this Main Road performed any act of criminal activity against you? Yes No 13.
) Shelter from Sun and Rain Other 13 . earthquake etc. Do you think that any of your fellow vendors ever engaged themselves in any form of criminal activity? Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree 15.14. Please tick whatever necessities you believe your stall lacks: Is Your Stall Capable of Handling This? Yes No Necessity Proper Methods of Garbage Disposal Protection from any forms of Vandalism Protection from Environmental Extremities(flooding. Have you ever engaged yourself in any form of criminal activity? Yes No 16.
Do you agree that being relocated to a more secure vicinity would be beneficial to you in any way? Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Thank you for your time and patience.17. I hope you enjoy the rest of your day! The following is an Arial View of Chaguanas. 14 .
The Circled Part shows the Area that was Under Research. The Following is a Picture of Chaguanas Main Road during the Christmas Season. 15 .
16 .This picture clearly shows some of the issues discussed in the Research that was done on Chaguanas Main Road.
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