1

i;r l¾uia:dk Ndjkd

nqoaOdkqiai;s Ndjkdj

iïmdol

mQcH Èmamsáf.dv fidauYdka; iajdóka jykafia

2

m%:u uqøKh

: kjï$2550 ^2007 fmnrjdß&

Copyright © Ven. Dippitigoda Somashantha & Sri Saddharma Sansadaya,
Dhammarama Yogashramaya - 2007

m%ldYkh

› ioaO¾u ixioh
Oïudrdu fhda.dY%uh
úuiSï:- 072 - 4102400
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msgq ieliSu yd uqøKh

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Web: www.eartefacts.com

3

fmrjok
“iqmamnqoaOx mnqÊCOka;s
iÞ f.da;uidjld"
fhaix Èjd p r;af;da p"
ksÉpx nqoaO.;di;s'”
znqÿ.=K isys lrñka Èjd ? foflys ks;r
nqoaOdkqiai;s Ndjkdfjys fhÿKq nqoaOY%djlfhda ieu l,ays
ukd msì§fuka mqnqÈ;sZ hkq tu Oïumo .d:d r;akfhys
woyi hs'
fuf,dj mrf,dj fof,dj iem;a ksjka iem;a
leu;s jk ie±ye;s nqoaOY%djlhka úiska jeäh hq;=
Ndjkdjls" nqoaOdkqiai;s Ndjkdj' zk;aÓ fï irKx
w`Coa`Cox nqoafOda fï irKx jrxZ - znqÿrcdKka jykafia yer
ug wka irKla ke;' nqÿrcdKka jykafia ug we;s W;=ï
u msysg hZ hkqfjka nqoaOr;akh irK hk nqoaOY%djlhdg
ks;r nqÿ.=K isys lsÍfuka ksjka iqj fl<jr fldg we;s
fndfyda wdksixi ,nd .; yels h' nqÿ.=K ks;r isys lrk
Y%djlhdf.a YÍrh o ffp;Hhla fuka msÈh hq;= njg m;a
fõ'
nqÿ.=K isys lsÍu mrf,dj iem;g fya;= jk
whqre uÜgl=Kav,S l:djia;=fjka meyeÈ,s fõ' urKdikak
j isá uÜgl=Kav,S nuqKq ;reKhd fo;sia uydmqreI
,CIKhkaf.ka nn<k ijKla >k nqoaOrYañfhka
fYdaNdj;a jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a nqÿrej ±l is; myojd
.;a l=i,fhka ur‚ka u;= uydÈjHrdcfhl= j bmso
wk;=re j fida;dm;a;s M,hg o m;a úh'
;j o is.d,lud;d f;r‚ka jykafia o ks;r
nqÿ.=K isys lrñka nqoaOdkqiai;sh jvd tu Y%oaOdj mdol
lr f.k ta Ôú;fha § u ud¾.-M, ksjka iqj idCId;a lr
.;a fial'
fuf,i fuf,dj-mrf,dj fof,dj iem;a ksjka
iem;a f.k fokakd jQ nqoaOdkqiai;s Ndjkdjg msúfik
4

w;aje,la f,i fuu O¾u .%ka:h iïmdokh l< mQcH
Èmamsáf.dv fidauYdka; iajdóka jykafiag O¾u×kNdjkd×k ÈhqKq lr f.k wud ksjka iqj w;aú`ÿug fuu
O¾uÞkuh l=i,h fya;= jdikd fõjd! uqøK lghq;= isÿ
l< mskaj;a mqKH Y%S ;=Ika; ;reK Wmdil uy;dg yd
WfmaCId
mshrx.sld
fufkúhg;a
uqøKd,fha
ld¾huKav,fha iEufokdg;a Þhl mskaj;=kag;a fof,dj
iem iy ksjka iqj w;aú`ÿug fuu O¾uÞkuh l=i,h
fya;= jdikd fõjd!
fuhg"
iiqka ,eÈ"
mQcH kdj, OïudkJo ysñ"
› ioaO¾u ixioh"
Oïudrdu fhda.dY%uh'

5

ye|skaùu
“nqoafOdams nqoaOiai NfKhH jKaKx
lmamïms fÉ w[a[uNdiudfkda
Åfha: lmafmda Ñr§>uka;f¾
jKafKda k Çfha: ;:d.;iai”
“f,dõ;=rd nqÿrcdKka jykafiakula wdhqI
wjika jk f;la fjk;a O¾uhla foaYkd fkd lr nqÿ.=K
u foaYkd lrkafka kï" ;uka jykafiaf.a wdhqI f.ù .sh
o ;:d.; nqÿrcdKka jykafiakulf.a nqÿ.=K j¾Kkdj
ksu l< fkd yelafla h'”
fï wkq j wmg meyeÈ,s jkafka nqÿ.=K ;rï
mru .ïNSr .=Khla fuu ñysmsg ;j;a fkdue;s nj h'
wmf.a wruqK jQfha ta wkka; jQ nqÿ.=K id.rfhka Èh
foda;la f.k O¾u msmdis; ie±ye;s ckhdf.a oyï msmdih
ksjd,Su h' fuu i;al%shdj wm fj; mjrñka wdrdOkd
lrkakg fhÿfKa bx.sßh rcfha frdayf,a ffjoH Ñka;d
l¿fndaú, uy;añh" tÉ' fla' l¿fndaú, uy;d hk
mskaj;=ka fofokd úisks'
ÞkdÈ mskalï" YS,dÈ .=KO¾uj,ska muKla fkd
kej;S NdjkdÈ m%;sm;a;Ska o msÍug jEhï lrk wdOqksl
fhda.djprhkag fuu nqÿ.=K Ndjkdj m%:ufhka iu:
jYfhka ÈhqKq fldg" miq j úo¾Ykdjg fhduq lr .ekSu
;=<ska ;uka wfmaCId lrk ta wud ksjkaiqj w;aú`ÿug
flÈkl fyda yels jkq we;' th tfia u fõjd hkq wmf.a
me;=u hs'
fuu O¾u ix.%yh iïmdokh lsÍfuka wm cks;
lr .;a O¾uÞkuh l=i, iïNdrh udf.a .=refoafjda;a;u
w;smQckSh" uydúydrjxYsl YHdfudamd,s jkjdi ix>
iNdfõ wkqkdhl ufydamdOHdh" úkh lS¾;s Y%S ioaOd;siai
f.!rj Ydia;%fõ§ mKaä; wïmsáfha ux.,dNsOdk kdhl
udysñmdKka
jykafiag
úxY;aY;j¾Idêl
ld,hla
6

wdhqrdfrda.H Y%S iïm;a j¾Okh ùu ms‚i fya;= fõjd!
m%d¾:kSh fndaêhlska wud ksjka iqj w;aú`ÿug fuu l=i,h
WmksY%h fõjd!
wmf.a wdrdOkh wkq j fuu .%ka:fhys wvqmdvq
;eka ilia lr foñka ksrka;rfhka .%ka:lrKhg wm j
fhduqlrjk idrj;a fmrjoklska .%ka:h ieriQ Oïudrdu
fhda.dY%udêjdiS" mQcH kdj, OïudkJo iajdóka jykafiag
o fuu O¾uÞkuh l=i, n,fhka wdhqrdfrda.H Y%S iïm;a
j¾Okh fõjd! m%d¾:kSh fndaêhlska wud ksjka iqj w;am;a
fõjd!
ye¥ jevQ ujqmsh fofokd jykafiag;a isjqmifhka
Wmia:dk lrk ÞhlldrldÈ ieug;a úfYaIfhka fuu
O¾uÞkuh mskalu isÿ lrk ffjoH Ñka;d l¿fndaú,
uy;añh" tÉ' fla' l¿fndaú, uy;d nqoaê yd Èkqjka
l¿fndaú, hk mskaj;a Þhl ieug;a" fuu .%ka:fha
mß.Kl uqøK lghq;= isÿ l< mqKH Y%S ;=Ika; ;reK
Wmdil uy;dg yd WfmaCId mshrx.sld fufkúhg;a
uqøKd,fha ld¾huKav,fha ieug;a fuu O¾uÞkuh l=i,
l¾ufha n,fhka O¾u×k" Ndjkd×k j¾Okh lr f.k
iqj fia Ôú; .; fldg wjidkfha Ydka; m%Œ; ta wud
ksjka iqj w;aú£ug ,efíjd!
fuu O¾uÞkuh l=i,h bkafødafmakaødÈ iuia;
ÈjHrdc iuQyhdg;a ifoajlf,dalhdg;a ks¾jdKdjfndaOh
ms‚i u fya;= jdikd fõjd!
idOq! idOq!! idOq!!!
fuhg"
iiqka jev leu;s"
mQcH Èmamsáf.dv fidauYdka; ysñ"
2007-01-04
^2550 - ÿre;=&
7

kfuda ;iai N.jf;da wryf;da iïudiïnqoaOiai !!!
Nd.Hj;a jQ w¾y;a jQ iïudiïnqÿrcdKka jykafiag kuialdr fõjd !!!

nqÿ.=K Ndjkdj
“talOïfuda NslaLfõ Ndúf;da nyq,Slf;da talka;ksíìÞh
úrd.dh Wmiudh wNs[aØh iïfndaOdh ksíndkdh
ixj;a;;s' l;fuda talOïfuda@ nqoaOdkqiai;s'”
(wÙ.=;a;rksldh-tall ksmd;h)

“uyfKks" tla W;=ï O¾uhla jvk ,oafoa" kej;
kej; mqreÿ lrk ,oafoa" taldka;fhka iir ms<sn|
l,lsÍu ms‚i" iifrys fkd we,Su ms‚i" laf,aYhka ÿre
lsÍu ms‚i" ksjka u. imsÍu ms‚i mj;S' ljr tla
O¾uhla o@ tkï" nqÿ.=K wruqKq lr .;a isysh fyj;a
nqoaOdkqiai;sh hs'”
Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia by; i|yka iQ;%
O¾ufhka wjOdrKh lrkakg fhÿfKa" nqoaOdkqiai;s
Ndjkdfjys fh§fuka úo¾Ykdjg mdol jk fY%aIaG iudê
;;aFjhla ,nd.; yels nj h' nqÿ.=K Ndjkdj jkdys
iui;<sia lugyka w;ßka myiqfjka Wmpdr iudê
uÜgug ,`.dúh yels Ndjkd lugykls'
kjlhka úiska tljr nqÿ.=K kjh u f.k
Ndjkd lrkakg iqÿiq fkd fõ' m<uq j zwryxZ .=Khg
wh;a nqÿ.=K fufkys lrñka tla .=Khla isys lsÍu
fyd¢ka m%.=K lsÍfuka wk;=re j b;sß nqÿ.=K fjka fjka
j f.k m%.=K lsÍu jvd M,ÞhS jkq we;'
isjq-bßhjqj, § u isÿ l< yels Ndjkdjla
jYfhka nqqoaOdkqiai;s Ndjkdj y÷kajd Èh yels h' ;j o
nqÿ.=K Ndjkdj" nqÿrcdKka jykafia flfrys f.!rj
Nla;sfhka hq;= j u isÿ l< hq;= Ndjkdjls' m%:ufhka
;sirK iys; YS,hl msysgd mQ¾jlD;Hh isÿ fldg Ndjkd
wdikfhys ;ekam;a ù ;uka bÈßfhys nqÿrcdKka jykafia
8

jevisák fia is;ska iksgqyka fldg f.k Ndjkdj wdrïN
lsÍu iqÿiq h'
fufia nqÿ.=K tlska-tl m%.=K lsÍu ;=<ska is;
;=< mj;sk ±ä ´<dßl .;s my j hdfuka isf;ys yd
lfhys ;ekam;a Ndjhla m<uq j we;s lr .; yels jkq
we;'
nqÿ.=K kjh ieflúka fufia h'
fida N.jd b;sms

-

wryx
iïudiïnqoafOda
úÊcdprKiïmkafkda
iq.f;da
f,dalú¥
wkq;a;frda mqßioïuidrÓ
iF:dfoajukqiaidkx
nqoafOda
N.jd

ta Nd.Hj;a
nqÿrcdKka jykafia - wryx kï jk fial'
- iïudiïnqoaO kï jk fial'
- úÊcdprKiïmkak kï jk fial'
- iq.; kï jk fial'
- f,dalú¥ kï jk fial'
- wkq;a;frda mqßioïuidrÓ kï jk
fial'
- iF:dfoajukqiaidkx kï jk fial'
- nqoaO kï jk fial'
- N.jd kï jk fial'

9

1. wryx nqÿ.=Kh
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

fida N.jd lsf,fiays wdrl;a;d b;sms wryx'
fida N.jd lsf,idkx y;;a;d b;sms wryx'
fida N.jd ixirplaliai y;;a;d b;sms wryx'
fida N.jd mQcdkx wry;a;d b;sms wryx'
fida N.jd ryidms mdmdkx wldß;;a;d b;sms
wryx'

isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia ish¨ flf,iqka
2.
3.
4.
5.

flfrka ÿre jQ fyhska o"
ish¨ flf,ia i;=rka keiQ fyhska o"
ixidr pl%fha wr is|Æ fyhska o"
ish¨ wdñi-m%;sm;a;s mQcdjka ,eîug iqÿiq fyhska o"
ryiskaj;a mõ fkd l< fyhska o" wryx kï jk
fial'

ta wryx kï nqÿ.=Kfhka iukajd.; jQ
nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ; udf.a
kuialdrh fõjd!
2. iïudiïnqoaO nqÿ.=Kh
1. fida
2.
3.
4.
5.

N.jd wNs[af[hHdkx Oïudkx iïud
wNs[aØ;;a;d b;sms iïudiïnqoafOda'
fida N.jd mß[af[hHdkx Oïudkx iïud
mß[aØ;;a;d b;sms iïudiïnqoafOda'
fida N.jd myd;índkx Oïudkx iïud mySk;a;d
b;sms iïudiïnqoafOda'
fida N.jd iÉýld;índkx Oïudkx iÉýl;;a;d
b;sms iïudiïnqoafOda'
fida N.jd Ndfj;índkx Oïudkx Ndú;;a;d b;sms
iïudiïnqoafOda'
10

isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia .=re WmfoaY ke;s j
2.
3.
4.
5.

u ;uka jykafiaf.a u úYsIag ×kfhka o; hq;=
ish¨ O¾uhka ukd fldg wjfndaO l< fyhska o"
msßis| o; hq;= O¾uhka ukd fldg msßis| wjfndaO
l< fyhska o"
ÿre l< hq;= O¾uhka ukd fldg ÿre l< fyhska o"
idCId;a l< hq;= O¾uhka ukd fldg idCId;a l<
fyhska o"
jeäh hq;= O¾uhka ukd fldg jevQ fyhska o"
iïudiïnqoaO kï jk fial'

ta iïudiïnqoaO kï nqÿ.=Kfhka iukajd.; jQ
nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ; udf.a
kuialdrh fõjd!
3. úÊcdprKiïmkak nqÿ.=Kh
1. fida

N.jd ;Sys úÊcdys iukakd.f;da b;sms
úÊcdprKiïmkafkda'
2. fida N.jd wÜGys úÊcdys iukakd.f;da b;sms
úÊcdprKiïmkafkda'
3. fida N.jd mKaKriys prKOïfïys iukakd.f;da
b;sms úÊcdprKiïmkafkda'
isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta

Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia ;%súoHdjkaf.ka
iukaú; fyhska o"
2. wIag úoHdjkaf.ka iukaú; fyhska o"
3. mif<dia zprKZ O¾uhkaf.ka iukaú; fyhska o"
úÊcdprKiïmkak kï jk fial'
11

ta
úÊcdprKiïmkak

nqÿ.=Kfhka
iukajd.; jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ;
udf.a kuialdrh fõjd!
;%súoHd kï"
1. mqífíksjdidkqiai;s-ØK
2. pq;+mmd;-ØK
3. wdijCLh-ØK
wIag úoHd kï"
1. úmiaikd-ØK
2. ufkdauhboaê-ØK
3. boaêúO-ØK
4. Èínfida;-ØK
5. fÉf;damßh-ØK
6. mqífíksjdidkqiai;s-ØK
7. ÈínpCLq-ØK
8. wdijCLh-ØK
mif<dia zprKZ O¾u kï"
1. YS,h
2. bJøsh ixjrh
3. kqj‚ka i,ld muKg je<£u
4. ksÈjrñka Ndjkdfjys fh§u
5. Y%oaOdj
6. mjg ,eÊcd ùu
7. mjg ìh ùu
8. nyqY%e; nj
9. ù¾hh
10. hym;a isysh
11. úo¾Ykd kqjK
12. m%:u OHdkh
13. oaú;Sh OHdkh
14. ;D;Sh OHdkh
15. p;=¾: OHdkh
12

4. iq.; nqÿ.=Kh
1.
2.
3.
4.

fida
fida
fida
fida

N.jd
N.jd
N.jd
N.jd

iq.o;a;d b;sms iq.f;da'
iq.;;a;d b;sms iq.f;da'
fidaNk.uk;a;d b;sms iq.f;da'
iqkaorx Gdkx .;;a;d b;sms iq.f;da'

isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia iqkaor jpk we;s

fyhska o"
2. fYdaNk rEm-ldh we;s fyhska o"
3. fYdaNk .uka we;s fyhska o"
4. iqkaor jQ ta wud ksjka mqrhg jeä fyhska o" iq.;
kï jk fial'
ta iq.; kï nqÿ.=Kfhka iukajd.; jQ
nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ; udf.a
kuialdrh fõjd!
5. f,dalú¥ nqÿ.=Kh
1. fida

N.jd i;a;f,dliai iNdjf;da iuqohf;da
ksfrdaOf;da ksfrdaOQmdhf;da úÈ;;a;d b;sms f,dalú¥'
2. fida N.jd Tldif,dliai iNdjf;da iuqohf;da
ksfrdaOf;da ksfrdaOQmdhf;da úÈ;;a;d b;sms f,dalú¥'
3. fida N.jd iÙldrf,dliai iNdjf;da iuqohf;da
ksfrdaOf;da ksfrdaOQmdhf;da úÈ;;a;d b;sms f,dalú¥'
isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta

Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia ish¨ i;aFj
f,dalhka ms<sn| j tu f,dalj, iajNdj- iuqohksfrdaO-ud¾. i;Hhka wjfndaO l< fyhska o"
13

2. ish¨ wjldY f,dalhka ms<sn| j tu f,dalj,

iajNdj - iuqoh - ksfrdaO - ud¾. i;Hhka wjfndaO
l< fyhska o"
3. ish¨ ixialdr f,dalhka ms<sn| j tu f,dalj,
iajNdj - iuqoh - ksfrdaO - ud¾. i;Hhka wjfndaO
l< fyhska o" f,dalú¥ kï jk fial'

ta f,dalú¥ kï nqÿ.=Kfhka iukajd.; jQ
nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ; udf.a
kuialdrh fõjd!
6. wkq;a;frda mqßioïuidrÓ nqÿ.=Kh
1. fida N.jd oñ;índkx ;srÉPdkmqßidkx oñ;;a;d

b;sms wkq;a;frda mqßioïuidrÓ'
2. fida N.jd oñ;índkx ukqiaimqßidkx oñ;;a;dkx
b;sms wkq;a;frda mqßioïuidrÓ'
3. fida N.jd oñ;índkx wukqiaimqßidkx oñ;;a;dkx
b;sms wkq;a;frda mqßioïuidrÓ'
isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta

Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia fjk;a lsisÿ
flfkl=g oukh l< fkd yels pKav kmqre
;sßika i;=ka oukh l< fyhska o"
2. ukqIH mqreIhka oukh l< fyhska o"
3. wukqIH mqreIhka oukh l< fyhska o" wkq;a;frda
mqßioïuidrÓ kï jk fial'
ta wkq;a;frda mqßioïuidrÓ kï nqÿ.=Kfhka
iukajd.; jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ;
udf.a kuialdrh fõjd!
14

7. iF:d foajukqiaidkx nqÿ.=Kh
1. fida

N.jd
bOf,dl;af:ak
foajukqiaidkx
wkqidis;;a;d b;sms iF:d foajukqiaidkx'
2. fida
N.jd
mrf,dl;af:ak
foajukqiaidkx
wkqidis;;a;d b;sms iF:d foajukqiaidkx'
3. fida N.jd mru;af:ak foajukqiaidkx wkqidis;;a;d
b;sms iF:d foajukqiaidkx'
isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia ish¨ foõñksiqkag

fuf,dj w¾:fhka wkqYdikd l< fyhska o"
2. ish¨ foõñksiqkag mrf,dj w¾:fhka wkqYdikd
l< fyhska o"
3. ish¨ foõñksiqkag mrud¾: jYfhka ^ksjka
wjfndaO lrkq ms‚i& w¾:fhka wkqYdikd l<
fyhska o" iF:d foajukqiaidkx kï jk fial'
ta iF:d foajukqiaidkx kï nqÿ.=Kfhka
iukajd.; jQ nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ;
udf.a kuialdrh fõjd!
8. nqoaO nqÿ.=Kh
1. fida N.jd ÿCLiÉpiai nqÊCê;;a;d b;sms nqoafOda'
2. fida N.jd iuqohiÉpiai nqÊCê;;a;d b;sms nqoafOda'
3. fida N.jd ksfrdaOiÉpiai nqÊCê;;a;d b;sms

nqoafOda'
4. fida N.jd u.a.iÉpiai nqÊCê;;a;d b;sms nqoafOda'

15

isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta

Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia ÿCL i;Hh
wjfndaO l< fyhska o"
2. ÿCLiuqoh i;Hh wjfndaO l< fyhska o"
3. ÿCLksfrdaO i;Hh wjfndaO l< fyhska o"
4. ÿCLksfrdaO.dñkSmámÞ
wd¾hi;Hh
hk
p;=rd¾hi;H O¾uhka ;uka jykafiaf.a u kqj‚ka
wjfndaO lr .;a fyhska o" nqoaO kï jk fial'
ta nqoaO kï nqÿ.=Kfhka iukajd.; jQ nqÿrcdKka
jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ; udf.a kuialdrh fõjd!
;uka jykafia ljqreka ±Z hs lshd weiQ mekhlg"
;=kaf,dald.% jQ nqÿqmshdKka jykafia ;uka jykafia ms<sn|
j fufia jÞ< fial'
“wNs[af[hHx wNs[aØ;x
Ndfj;ín[ap Ndú;x
myd;ínx mySkx fï
;iaud nqoafOdaiañ n%dyauK”
“n%dyauKh" ;:d.;hka jykafia úfYaI kqj‚ka
wjfndaO l< hq;= ish,a, wjfndaO lr .;a fial' jeäh hq;=
ish¨ O¾uhka ukd fldg jevQ fial' m%ydKh l< hq;=
ish¨ flf,iA ÿre l< fial' tneúka ;:d.;hka jykafia
znqoaOZ kï jk fial'”

16

9. N.jd nqÿ.=Kh
1. fida
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

N.jd hiuyka;;dh iukakd.;;a;d b;sms

N.jd'
fida N.jd mq[a[uyka;;dh iukakd.;;a;d
N.jd'
fida N.jd :duuyka;;dh iukakd.;;a;d
N.jd'
fida N.jd boaêuyka;;dh iukakd.;;a;d
N.jd'
fida N.jd m[aØuyka;;dh iukakd.;;a;d
N.jd'
fida N.jd N.a.rd.;a;d b;sms N.jd'
fida N.jd N.a.fodai;a;d b;sms N.jd'
fida N.jd N.a.fuday;a;d b;sms N.jd'

b;sms
b;sms
b;sms
b;sms

isxy, wkqjdoh:1. ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia uy;a jQ hYiska
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

iukaú; jQ fyhska o"
mqKHuyka;;djfhka iukaú; jQ fyhska o"
:duuyka;;djfhka iukaú; jQ fyhska o"
iDoaêuyka;;djfhka iukaú; jQ fyhska o"
m%×uyka;;djfhka iukaú; jQ fyhska o"
rd.h keiQ fyhska o"
oafõIh keiQ fyhska o"
fudayh keiQ fyhska o" N.jd kï jk fial'

ta N.jd kï nqÿ.=Kfhka iukajd.; jQ
nqÿrcdKka jykafiag uu kuialdr lrñ; udf.a
kuialdrh fõjd!
fufia nqÿ.=K isys lrkakd jQ fhda.djprhdf.a
is; ;=< l%ufhka rd.h hgm;a fõ' oafõIh hgm;a fõ'
17

fudayh hgm;a fõ' fufia rd.dÈ flf,iqka is;g fkd
kef`.k fyhska kSjrK u;=ùu je<lS hhs' fï wdÈ
jYfhka kej; kej; nqÿ.=Khka isys lrk l,ays
kSjrKhka hgm;a ùfuka l%ufhka OHdkdx.hka j¾Okh
ùu isÿ fõ' Y%oaOdÈ bkaøshfhda iu j l%shdldÍ fj;s'
Ndjkdj m%.=K ùu;a iu. nqÿ.=Khkag u is; ke.Sfï
ú;¾lh o nqÿ.=Kfhys u is; yeisÍfï úpdrh o is;
laf,aYhkaf.ka fjka j b;d Ydka; j ú;lal" úpdr
ffp;isl folg wkq.; j meje;au ksid n,j;a m%S;sh o
m%S;sh ksid lfhys yd isf;ys mj;sk ´<dßl iajNdjhka
ke;s ùfuka Ñ;a;" ffp;islhkaf.a iqjh o iqjfha Ydka;
Ndjh fya;= fldg f.k tald.%;dj o hk OHdkdx. mi
my< ùu isÿ jkq we;' nqÿ.=Khkays w;s.ïNSr nj ksid o
fkdfhla whqßka nqÿ.=K isys lsÍu ksid o w¾mKd OHdk
fkd ,efnk w;r nqoaOdkqiai;s Ndjkdfjka ,efnkafka
Wmpdr OHdkh hs'
nqÿ.=K Ndjkdfõ kshq;= jkafkl=g my;
wdksixi f;f<i [13] ,efnkq we;' tajd tljr iïmQ¾K
fkd fõ' tfy;a l%ufhka is; Wmpdr-OHdkhg m;a jk
úg fuu wdksixi o tlska tl ,efnkq we;'
nqoaO f.!rjh ÈhqKq ;shqKq ùu'
Y%oaOdj ÈhqKq ;shqKq ùu'
nqoaO.=KdrïuKfha ksr;=re j isysh msysàu'
Ndjkd×k ÈhqKq ùu'
Ndjkd m%S;sh nyq, ùu'
ÿla mSvd bjish yels ùu'
nqÿrcdKka jykafia iu. fjfiñZhs hk ye`.Su we;s
ùu'
8. nqÿrcdKka jykafia wruqKq lr f.k is; mej;Su'
9. OHdkhg mQ¾jNd. m%S;sh we;s ùu'
10. flf,ia mSvd ikais£ is;-lh ieye,a¨ ùu'
11. OHdkhg mQ¾jNd. iqLh we;s ùu'
12. OHdkhg mQ¾jNd. tald.%;dj we;s ùu'
13. wx. iïmQ¾K Wmpdr OHdkh ,eîu'
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

18

kj wrydÈ nqÿ.=K isys lsÍfï .d:d
1. ijdifka lsf,fia fida

taflda iífí ks>d;sh"
wyq iqiqoaOika;dfkda
mQcdk[ap iÞrfyda'

f;areu:- ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia jdikd ^flf,ia
mqreÿ& iys; flf,ia ish,a, u keiQ fial' msßisÿ
jQ Ñ;a; ika;dkhla we;s fyhska yeul,ays u
;=kaf,dajdiSkaf.a wdñi-m%;sm;a;s mQcdjka ,eîug
iqÿiq jQ fial'
2. iínld,.f;a Oïfï

iífí iïud ihx uqks"
iíndldf¾k nqÊCê;ajd
tflda iín[aû;x .f;da'

f;areu:- ish¨ l,ays ish¨ ld,hkag wh;a O¾uhka
i¾jdldrfhka wjfndaO fldg wiydh jQ fial'
i¾j{ njg meñ‚ fial'
3. úmiaikdÈ úÊcdys

iS,dÈprfKays p"
iqiïoafèys iïmkafkda
..kdfNays kdhflda'

f;areu:- ;=kaf,djg kdhl jQ i¾j{hka jykafia wIag
úoHd mif<dia prK O¾uhkaf.ka fYdaNudk jk
fial'
4. iïud.f;da iqNx Gdkx

wfuda>jpfkda p fida"
;súOiaidZms f,daliai
Ø;d ksrjfiaif;da'

19

f;areu:- ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia Þk" YS,dÈ
.=KO¾uhka lrK fldg f.k ukdfldg ksjkg
jeä fial' hym;a jpk we;s fyhska o ;=ka
f,dalh u ;uka jykafiaf.a kqj‚ka o;a fial'
5. wfkaflays .=fKdaf>ays

iíni;a;=;a;fuda wyq"
wfkaflays Wmdfhays
kroïfï ofïis p'

f;areu:- ta Nd.Hj;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia ;=< mej;s
fkdfhla .=K iuQyh fya;= fldg f.k foõñksia
wdÈ ish,a,kag u W;=ï jQ fial' oukh l< fkd
yels i;aFjhkaj úúO l%fudamdhhka Ndú; lrñka
oukh l< fial'
6. taflda iíniai f,daliai

iíni;a;dkqidiflda"
Nd.Hbiaißhd§kx
.=Kdkx mrfuda ksê'

f;areu:- ta i¾j{hka jykafia f,dalfhys wiydh jQ
fial' ish¨ i;aFjhkag w¾:fhka O¾ufhka
wkqYdikd lrk fial' Nd.H" ftYaj¾h wdÈ
.=Khkag mru jQ .=Kdlrhls'
7. m[aØiai iínOïfïiq

lreKd iíncka;=iq"
w;a;F:dkx mrF:dkx
idêld .=KfcÜÀld'

f;areu:ta i¾j{hka jykafiaf.a m%×j ish¨
O¾uhka flfrys me;sr mj;S' lreKdj jkdys ish¨ i;aFj
m%cdj flfrys me;sr mj;S' wd;aud¾:h fuka u
20

mrd¾:hka isÿ lrkakd jQ nqoaO.=Khkaf.ka nqÿrcdKka
jykafia fY%aIaG h'
8. ohdh mdróÑ;ajd

m[aØh;a;dkuqoaOß"
WoaOß iínOïfï p"
ohdh[af[a p WoaOß'

f;areu:- ta Nd.Hj;=ka jykafia ohdfjka ÞkdÈ mdró
O¾uhka /ia fldg ixidrfhka tf;r jQ fial' o;
hq;= ish¨ O¾uhka wjfndaO l< fial' lreKdfjka
wkHhka o iir ihqfrka f.dv kexjQ fial'
9. Èiaiudfkdams ;djiai

rEmldfhda wÑka;sfhda"
widOdrK ØKâfVa
Oïuldfha l:djldZ;s'

f;areu:- ta i¾j{hka jykafiaf.a fo;sia uydmqreI
,CIKj,ska hq;a rEmldh mjd wÑka;kSh jQjls'
^is;d ksu l< fkd yelalls'& tfyhska widOdrK
jQ
×khkaf.ka
hqla;
jQ
O¾uldfhys
wÑka;kShNdjh .ek lshkq u lsu!

21

nqÿ.=K Ndjkdj ;%s,CIKhg kexùu'
nqÿ.=K Ndjkdj isÿ lsÍfï § my< jQ kdu-rEm
O¾u CIKhla CIKhla mdid we;s j ke;s j .sh neúka
zwks;HZ h' we;s ùï ke;s ùï jYfhka ksrka;rfhka
wm%udK jQ mSvdjka f.k fok neúka zÿCLZ h' ;ud leu;s
f,iska fkd mej;s neúka zwkd;auZ h'
fufia wks;H jQ ÿCL jQ wkd;au jQ kdu-rEm O¾u
taldka;fhka zÿCL i;HhZ kï fõ'
ta zÿCL i;HhZ Wmojkakd jQ mQ¾j Nj;DIaKdj
taldka;fhka ziuqoh i;HhZ kï fõ'
ÿCL-iuqoh foflys fkd meje;au kï jQ ks¾jdK
Od;=j taldka;fhka zksfrdaO i;HhZ kï fõ'
ta zksfrdaO i;HhZ wjfndaO lr .ekSug jeäh
hq;= jQ wd¾hwIagdx.sl ud¾.h zud¾. i;HhZ kï fõ'
udf.a fuu nqÿ.=K Ndjkduh l=i,h W;=ï jQ
p;=rdhœi;H O¾uh wjfndaO lr f.k ud¾.-M, ksjka
iqj idCId;a lsÍu ms‚i u fya;= fõjd' jdikd fõjd!
idOq ! idOq !! idOq !!!

wdYs%; .%ka::
nq'c' uÊCêuksldh - NhfNarj iQ;%h
nq'c' §>ksldh - wïnÜG iQ;%h
isxy, úY=oaê ud¾.h
22

23

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