Indian Standard
(Fifth Revision)

Q BIS 19%






November 1998

Price Group 3

Amendments No.Steel Castings Sectional Committee. . While reviewing the standard in light of the cspcrience gained during these years the committee has decided that the standard may be further revised. the result of a test or analysis. expressing IS 2 : 1960 ‘Rules for rounding off the rounded off value should be the a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. after the draft finalized by the Steel Casrings Sectional Committee had been approved by the Metallurgical Engineering Division Council. In the preparation of this standard. the final value. shall be rounded off in accordance with numerical values (mrtised)‘. 1 and 2 have also been incorporated in this revision. assistance has been derived from IS0 3755 : 1991 ‘Cast carbon steels for general engineering purposes’. MTD 17 FOREWORD This Indian Standard (Fifth Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards. 1982 and 1989. For the purpose of deciding whether observed or calculated. 1974. The number of significant places retained in same as that of the specified value in this standard. This standard was tirst published in 1956 and was revised in 1962. In this revision various clauses have been aligued with the recent standards on steel castings.

and in such a manner as not to impair the usefulness of any casting selected. product analysis may be carried out from a test piece or from a casting representing each melt. 9 WORKMANSHIP AND FINISH moulded in 9.1 The castings shall be accurately . particulars to be specified while ordering for steel castings to this specification are given in Annex B.SPECIFICATION (Fifth Revision) 1 SCOPE This standard covers the requirements for &bon steel castings for general engineering purposes. However.2 Analysis and reporting of the analysis in test certificate for the residual elements shall be done only when so specified by the purchaser in enquiry and order. 3. shall supply a test certificate of chemical analysis of the sample of steel for each melt.2 Included in 8 grades are 4 grades with cheniical composition restricted to ensure ease of welding at the purchaser’s end and these grades carry the sufiix ‘W’.IS 1030 : 1998 Indian Standard CARBON STEEL CASTINGS FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES . 3 TERMINOLOGY For the purpose of this standard. 5 SUPPLY OFMATERIAL General requirements relating to supply of steel castings shall be as laid down in IS 8800.1 The ladle analysis of steel when carried out either by the method specified in IS 228 and its relevant parts or any other established instrumental/chemical methods shall be as given in Table 1.2 The manufacturer shall carry out analysis from a sample of each melt and. 8. 3. 8. Drillings for analysis shall be taken from not less than 6 mm beneath the cast surface. 8.4.1 Elements not ‘ipecified in Table 1 shall not ordinarily be added to the steel . definitions shall apply. The permissible variation in product analysis from the limits specified in Table I shall be as given in IS 6601. b) One crucible heat. 8. 4 GRADES 4. 4.4. the referee method shall be as agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer. the following 7 PARTICULARS ORDERING TO BE SPECIFIED WHILE For the benefit of the purchaser. or c) A number of furnace or crucible heats of similar composition mixed in a ladle or tapped in separate ladles and poured simultaneously for making a casting.and all reasonable precautions shall h taken to prevent contaniination from scrap. 8 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION 8. 2 REFERENCES The Indian Standards listed in Annex A are necessary adjuncts to this standard. etc. to keep them as low as practicable.2 Batch A group of castings of one grade of material. cast from the same melt and heat-treated together under identical conditions.4 Residual Elements 8. 6 MANUFACTURE Steel for the castings shall be made by electric arc or electric induction or such other processes as may be agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer. if so specified by the purchaser at the time of enquiry and order.1 This standard covers a total of eight grades of carbofi steel castings for general engineering purposes. the manufacturer shall ensure that the residual elements are within the limits.1 Cast (Melt) The product of any of the following: a) One furnace heat. However.3 Product Analysis If specified at the time of enquiry and order. when such limits are specified by the purchaser in enquiry and order. In case of dispute the procedure given in IS 228 shall be the referee method. where the method is not given in IS 228.

50 Constituent.3 Ih the event of any casting proving defective from foundry causes in the course of preparation. impact test shall be carried out in accordance with IS 1757 and the values obtained shall conform to the requirements given in Table 2.1 All castings shall be free from defects that will adversely at&t machining or utility of castings.040 0. 8. Test pieces shall be capable of being bent cold without fracture to an angle given in Table 2 round a mandrel having a diameter of 50 mm. 13.35 0. rep&sent the quality of steel from which the castingdhave been poured.40 0.25 (1.040 (8) 0.25 ii) iii) IV) v) vi) vii) viii) Nt )‘IX --The L-h&c dih~~~id sullis W is lell to rl~c di%rc:fion composition except of the manufacturer.15 -0.04 (12) 0. 10. ‘I ‘111~ totA content ~)f thcsc rluments sl~il not exceed 1 .3 If specified in enquiry and order.40 percent for grade 280-520 k’.2 Unless otherwise specified in enqbiry and order or agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer. All castings shall be suitably heat treated so as to attain the specified mechanical properties.20 0 25 O. 13 MECHANICAL TESTS 10. machining or erection.035 0.4. 12 HEAT TREATMENT 12. The relevant mechanical properties shall be as-given in Table 2. 13.05 0.25 percent. 9. they do not necessarily represent the properties of the castings themselves.040 0.035 0.05 0.045 0. 12. On other dimensions.040 0.IS 1030 : 199% accordance with the pattern or the working drawings supplied dy the purchaser or as mutually agreed to with the addition of such letters.40 0.2 The tensile test shall be carried out in accordance with IS 1608. such a casting may be rejected notwithstanding any previous certification of satisfactory testing and/or inspection.00 1.60 Mn (5) 1. therefore.035 Cl-J’ Ni*l (9) 0.040 0.045 0. an increase hs pcmtittui up 111a m.15 Cul’ (11) 0.1 The mechanical properties specified are those which are to be obtained from test bars cast either separately from or attached to the castings to which they refer and heat treated as given in 12.045 0.1 The castings shall be heat treated in a properly constructed furnace. P S (7) 0. Any such operation is to be done before final heat treatment.040 0.20 1.25 0.40 case ofweiding the maximum V’ (1) i) (2) 200-400N 200~400w 230-450N 230-4SOW 280-520N 28%52OW 340-570N 240-57OW (3) (6) 0.15 0. ” IGr each redtlcb~rl of0 01 percent carbon helow 0.35 0. or by any other process involving intense heat.40 0. which shall permit the whole of Table 1 Chemical Composition (Clauses SI NO.35 other ofO.35 0.40 0. 10 FREEDOM FROM DEFECTS the castings to be uniformly heated to the necessary temperature. care shall be taken to make the cut at a suflicient distance from the body of the casting so as to prevent any defect being introduced into the casting due to Iocal heating. and all surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned. for P and S in the grades than the grades requiring percent manganese W. 10.3 and 8.040 0. figures and marks as may be specified. 13.1) Percent. Max \ Grade / C” Si (4) 0. The test values so exhibited. 11 FETTLING AND DRESSING All castings shall be properly fettled and dressed.05 and havingthe specified will -0.GO 1.2 When necessary to remove risers or gates by flame or arc or a combination thereof.3 Test pieces shall be heat treated along with the castings they represent.40 0. having adequate means of temperature control.50 0.05 0.040 0. 13.~simrrm of I .15 0. 12.OO percent above in case ofgadr% with sullix . I.40 Moz’ (10) 0.2 The purchaser shall specify the tolerances on all important dimensions.035 0.40 0.4 Bend Test If so specified at the time of enquiry and order the bend test shall be carried out in accordance with IS 1599.045 0. 8. tolerances specified in IS 4397 shtill apply. all castings shall either be tilly annealed or normalized or normalized and tempered.60 0.

penetrant. X-radiographic.3 nnd 13. If castings have been subjected to nondestructive testing by agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer. 4 The severity level defining the acceptability or non-acceptability of defects which may be revealed. and shall have either a diameter of 25 mm or a rectangular section of 25 mm x 20 mm. the following classification shall apply concerning the extent of repair: a) Weld repair involving a depth not exceeding 20 percent of wall thickness or 25 mm. or gamma-radiographic inspection. 15. 14 NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTS a) Ultrasonic examination (see IS 7666). Under this heading are grouped the tests. Grade (1) i) ii) (2) 200-400N 200-400W iii) iv) 230-450N 230-450W “1 vi) vii) viii) 280-520N 280-s2ow 340-570N 340-57ow Tensile Strength MPa Min (3) 400 400 pso 450 520 520 570 570 Yield” stress MPa Min (4) 200 200 230 (6) 40 40 31 31 25 25 21 21 230 280 280 340 340 NOTES 1 Impact test and bend test are optional (see 13. 14.1 Non-destructive testing shall be applied if so specified in enquiry and order. the castings shall be examined as follows: 15 REPAIR OF CASTiNGS 15. 13. or what proportion.1 Unless otherwise specified by the purchaser in enquiry and order.3 Unless othetise agreed upon the following shall be the acceptance standards: a) b) c) d) IS IS IS IS 9565 for ultrasonic inspecti@ 10724 for magnetic particle inspection. and e) Whether the manufacturer is or is not contractually responsible for carrying out the tests. 13. All repairs by welding shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure laid down in IS 5530. otherwise 0.3 and 13.5 mm and in case of rectangular test piece the test shall be made by bending the test piece-over the thinner section. convenient for the machines in which they will be bent. of the castings are to be tested.4. c) Liquid penetrant examination (see IS 3658). shall be termed as a minor repair. and 12938 for radiographic inspection. and the types of discontinuity. b) Any weld repair exceeding the above shall be termed as a major repair. 14.2 percent proof stress. !I732 for liquid penetrant inspection. cl Whether all. Further any single repair having an area exceeding 250 mm square for every millimetre of wall thickness shall also a> The type of non-destructive . b) The area or areas of the casting to which these tests apply. magnetic particle. such as.2.2 To form the basis of an agreement between the purchaser and the supplier in this respect where relevant. where relevant. the castings shall be re-examined in the area of repair following any rectifying operation performed on the castings.4) Elongation Percent Min (3 25 2s 22 22 18 18 15 15 Reduction of Area Percent Min Impact Strength J Mip (7) 30 4.4). ultrasonic. 14. ease of welding iu a requirement. castings may be rectified by welding. The purchaser shall specify in enquiry and order: testing which he intends to carry out or to have carried out.1 Bend test pieces shall be of suitable length. 2 The W grades restrict the chemical composition and may be ordered when ensuring ‘1 If measurable the upper yield stress.IS 1030 : 1998 Table 2 Mechanical Properties 13. when nondestructive testing is to be done. which aim at revealing defects which cannot be revealed by a simple visual examination. b) Magnetic particle examination (see IS 3703). also included under this heading are tests on the surface condition by visual or visual-tactile examination.2 Unless otherwise a$reld upon.5 25 45 22 22 20 20 Augle of Bend Degrees Min (8) 90 90 90 90 60 60 60 60 (Cllnuses SI No. The edges of the rectangular test piece shall be rounded to a radius of not more than 1. and d) Radiographic kxamination (see IS 2595). whichever is lower.

3 BIS Certification Marking 16.2 The castings shall not be peened. b) The manufacturer’s initials or trade-mark.1 When so specified by the purchaser in enquiry and the order. 17 METHOD The castings may also be marked with the Standard Mark.3.and mass of steel castings (third revision) Code of procedure for repair and rectification of steel castings by metal arc welding process (j?rst revision) Permissible deviations in chemical composition for products analysis of steel castings (first revision) Methods of sampling steel castings (second revision) Recommended procedure for ultrasonic .2 By agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer. the Carbon Equivalent (C. However. castings complying with the requirements of this standard may. 18. 3703 : 1980 4897 : 1994 228 1500 : 1599 : 1608 : 1757 : Methods for chemical analysis of steels (second revision) 1983 Methods for Brine11 hardness test for metallic materials (second revision) 19x5 Method for bend test (second revision) 1995 Mechanical testing of metals-Tensile testing (second revision) 19X8 Methods of Charpy impact test (Vnotch) for metallic materials (second m~i.and post-weld treatment applicable to carbon and low alloy steels shall be computed as follows: Carbon Equivalent (C.IS 1030 : 1998 be deem& to be a major repair. 15.3 Carbon Equivalent Unless otherwise specified in the enquiry and order.E.) =C+F 16 HYDRAULIC TEST cr +y ” +y a) The number or identification mark by which it is possible to trace the melt and the heattreatment batch from which it was made. after inspection. unless otherwise specified at the time of enquiry and order. OF SAMPLING The method of sampling steel castings for the purpose of chemical analysis and mechanical tests including re-test shall be in accordance with rs 6907. be legibly and indelibly marked with an acceptance mark. and c) Other identification marks in accordance with any agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer. 18. where linkage and traceability are required the relevant marking shall be indelible: the considerations mentioned in (a) above.1 Each casting shall be legibly marked with the following as may be relevant. 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. A 2) STANDARDS Title INDIAN Title 1s No. regardless of 18 MARKING 18.sion) 5530 : 1987 660 I : 1987 2595 : 197% Code of practice for radiographic tcstiug (jrsl revision) 3658: 19X1 Code of practice for liquid pcnetrant llaw detection (first revision) 6907 : 1992 7666 : 1988 Code of practice for magnetic particle flaw detection (second revision) Deviations for untoleranced dimensions . However.) for the purpose of guidance in determination of the pre.The details of condition under which the licence for the use of Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards. the details of the test shall be as agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer.1 The use of Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of Bureau of Indian Standards Act. ANNEX (Clause LIST OF REFERRED IS No. plugged or impregnated. or otherwise agreed to. a hydraulic test shall be carried out. rectification and upgradation of a casting by welding may be carried out in accordance with the approved procedures as laid down in the relevant clause of the standard. to stop leakages. E. 18. is recommended that minimum markings be 16. NOTE-It used.

b) Drawing or referehce numberof thepattern (ii suppliedby the purchaser). e) Conditionof delivery. c) Optional/Additionaltestsrequired. Title examination of ferritic castings of carbon and low alloy steel (j?rirst revision) 10724: 1990 Acceptancestandardsfor. . purchaser by the shouldspecify the following: a) Material specification. if d) Whetherthecastings to beinspected are and testedin the presence the purchaser’s of representative. any. We 1s No.if required. magnetic particle inspectionof steel castings (first mvision) 8800: 1997 Technicaldeliveryconditions steel for castings (third revision) 9565: 1995 Acceptancestandards ultrasonic for inspection of steel castings (first revision) 11732 1995 Acceptance : standards dyepenetrant for inspection steelcastings of 12938: 1990 Acceptance standards radiographic for inspection steelcastings of ANNEX INFORMATION B-l BASIS FOR ORDER TO BE SUPPLIED B BY THE PURCHASER (Clause 7) While placingan orderfor purchase steelcastings of covered this standard. f) Any specialrequirement.IS 1030 : 1998 IS No. alongwith a copyof the drawing. and g) Testreport.

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