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Published by Iden Parfan

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Published by: Iden Parfan on Sep 07, 2011
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ABORTION An abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo, resulting in or caused

by its death. Causes of Abortion Abortion may be occur due to various factors such as fetal, placental, or maternal. 1. Fetal Causes – The most common cause of early spontaneous abortion is abnormal development of the zygote, embryo or fetus. These abnormalities are incompatible with life and would have resulted in severe congenital anomalies had pregnancy not been aborted spontaneously. 2. Maternal Factors – These are congenital or acquired conditions of the mother and environmental factors that had adversely affected pregnancy outcome and led to abortion. Such conditions include diabetes mellitus, incomplete cervix, exposure to radiation and infection. 3. Placental Factors – Placental factors usually cause abortion around the 14th week of gestation. These factors includes premature separation of the normally implanted placenta and abnormal placental implantation. Abortion Types Threatened Abortion
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Management B

occurring before the 20th week of gestation 1. characterized by cramping and vaginal edrest bleeding with no cervical dilation. 2. No coitus up to 2 it may subside or an incomplete abortion weeks after bleeding may follow. stopped membranes rupture and the cervix dilates 1. Hospitalization characterized by lower abdominal cramping 2. D and C and bleeding. 3. Oxytocin after D and C 4. Sympathetic 5. Understanding and emotional support is characterized by expulsion of only part of the products of conception (usually the fetus). severe uterine cramping bleeding occur with cervical dilation. characterized by complete expulsion of all products of conception light bleeding mild uterine cramping passage of tissue closed cervix 1. 2. 3. 4. D and C Oxytocin after D and C Sympathetic Understanding and emotional support

Imminent or  Inevitable Abortion 

Incomplete Abortion

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Complete Abortion
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1. There is no treatment other than rest is usually needed. 2. All of the tissues that came out should be saved for examination by a doctor to make sure that the abortion is complete. 3. The laboratory examination of the saved tissue may determine the cause of abortion.

characterized by spontaneous abortion of three or more consecutive pregnancies abortion complicated by infection foul smelling vaginal discharge uterine cramping fever Usually treated by induction of labor by dilation (or dilatation) and curettage (D & C). Recurrent orHabitual Abortion Septic Abortion  1. Trace the cause of recurrent abortion 1.Missed Abortion    intrauterine pregnancy is present but is no 1. pregnancy test findings are negative. longer developing normally the cervix is closed. and the client may report dark brown vaginal discharge. Antibiotics as prescribed by your Obstetrician     .

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