Business Plans for the;

BROILER HATCHERY
Production capacity – 5000 chicks per week

BROILER FARM
3000- Birds (per week)

500 LAYER FARM

THIS PAPER IS WRITTEN FOR ANYONE WHO CONCERN TO MAKE A PROFIT FROM POULTRY INDUSTRY.

2

Business Plan for the;
BROILER HATCHERY
Production capacity – 5000 chicks per week

3

INTRODUCTION

Sri Lanka is a moderately populated country having predominantly agricultural economy. Almost every part of our country is suitable for poultry farming. During the past few decades poultry industry have gained enormous potential in Sri Lanka. The Government of Sri Lanka has been giving thrust for the development of poultry industry. Development of poultry industries may further be accelerated, if improved varieties of layers/broilers are made available to the poultry farmers which could ensure fast growth, maximum feed to meat/egg conversion and low mortality among the poultry birds. Therefore, it is essential that hatcheries should set up. In the modern nomenclature of poultry industry, the term hatchery covers the sector which is engaged in production and supply of one-day old chicks by artificial incubation. A hatchery can be a part of a breeding farm or it can be a franchiser or sub-franchiser for producing parent and day–old chicks of broilers or layers. The term hatchery can be extended to an organization which does not maintain any breed stock (mating stocks) but only procures hatching eggs for producing (supplying) day old chicks. MARKET POTENTIAL Changes in life style and food habits of consumers, improvement in standards of living etc. have resulted into increase in per capita consumption of egg and poultry meats but per capita consumption of these commodities in our country is still far below that of developed countries showing enormous potential/scope for poultry development. Increasing number of poultry farms in different areas has emphasized that hatcheries should be set up in potential areas. In Sri Lanka there are few number of large commercial hatcheries are available, however unable to meet the present demand of day–old chicks of broilers and layers. It said that these hatcheries set up so far are not adequate to meet the increased demand of one day old chicks of broilers or layer poultry birds which show good scope for hatcheries.

4

Executive Summery
For The Pre operating time and for the period of one year after start the Production process
Total Project Cost Loan Total Assests Woking Capital Need Annual Sales Pre-Operating Cost Annual Direct Materials Cost Annual Direct Labour Cost Annual Production Overhead Cost Annual Marketing Cost Annual Management & Administration Cost Annual Gross Profit Annual Depreciation Annual Net Profit Rate of Net profit before tax Rate of Return

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

10,866,858 6,300,000 9,556,000 675,858 14,271,875 635,000 5,763,108 800,400 252,000 18,000 23,000 7,313,648 525,450 4,223,774 39.86% 51.82%

LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR LKR

1. Marketing Plan for broiler hatchery 2. Production Plan for broiler hatchery 3. Organization & Management Plan for broiler hatchery 4. Financial Plan for broiler hatchery

4 7 12 14

5

1. Marketing Plan for broiler hatchery
1.1. Description of the Product Main product - Day old Chicks (Pullets and Co cores) Other Products - Unfertile Eggs, under weight or Double York Eggs, Disposals= [Rejected (weak), died Day old Chicks, Rejected eggs with egg shells peaces], Culled. Birds (Parents), Poultry Litter

1.2. Competitive Analysis of Product If we consider day old chicks’ demand and supply, the present supply unable to meet the existing demand. How ever due to high demand factor no marketing competition.

>>>>
Present Demand Existing Supply 1.3. Main Customers Customer Existing Poultry Farmers and Farmers Egg buyers, retail shop owners Type of Product New Day Old chicks (Pullets) Disposal buyers Parent buyers for poultry preparation Coconut growers, Farmers and compost Poultry Litter manufacturers 1.4. Total Demand There is a increasing demand for day old chicks and for other products 1.5. Market Share Can capture the part of untouched market share Unfertile Eggs, Under weight or Double York Eggs Disposals meat Culled Birds(Parents)

6

1.6. Comparisons of Competitors’ Selling Prices Products Day Old chicks Unfertile Eggs, Under weight or Double York Eggs Disposals Culled Birds(Parents) Poultry Litter 1.7. Sales Forecast Products Current Proposed Annual Unit Annual Annual Unit Price Annual Sales Price Income Sales LKR(Average) Income Quantity LKR LKR Quantity LKR 145,019 97.00 14,066,843.00 20,127 10.00 201,270.00 Our Prices Competitors Prices (L. Rs) 97 (layer) per chick

Our Prices are set 10per egg according to the .50 per 1 kg competitors prices 200 per 1 kg live weight 45 per bag

Day Old chicks Unfertile Eggs, Under weight or Double York Eggs Disposals Total Annual Sales Sales Forecast in Monthly Basis 1.8. Marketing Strategy Feature Present of products Price of products Distribution Measures Promotional Measures

1,881Kg

2.00/Kg

3,762.00 14,271,875.00

:

Annexure 01

Existing N/A N/A N/A N/A

Proposed Quality will be good comparatively Others Price will be comparatively Others According to buyer's requirement Contacting persons and institutions, Contacting large scale poultry farmers,

1.9. Annual Marketing Expenses
Expenses Item Promotional Expenses Annual Marketing Expenses Cost (LKR) Existing Proposed 18,000.00 18,000.00

Marketing Expenses in Monthly Basis (LKR)

:

Annexure 02

7

1.10. Marketing Fixed Assets No marketing fixed assets

8

2. Production Plan for broiler hatchery
2.1. Production Process

Patent Chicks

4 Batches varying ages 720 / Batch 1 Batch Grover 3 batches Layers

720 2160

Batch Grover 1st

3 batches Layers 2nd 40% All 46 % Laying % 992 6944 Annual 361088 694 Rejected eggs for market per week 3rd 60% 4th 40%

Eggs required per day Eggs required per week Selection % 90 Eggs for the Hatchery Hatchability %  80

6250

5000

9

Inside Hatchery

10

2.2. Production fixed Assets Property 1/2 Ac land Boundary wall/barbed wire fencing, etc. Water storage tank Layer/Breeder House/Sheds 4ft2/bird Hatchery-cum-office building + .Store 4000 ft2 Hatchery Unit (Egg Hatcher, Egg setter, Electric egg tester Egg weighing scale (1-100 gram cap.) Misc. items like buckets, trays, baskets etc. Generator (10 KVA) Electric De-beaker Feeder, waterer and brooder Weighing balance Veterinary clinic instruments/equipment Refrigerator Air conditioner Total Value (LKR) 2,000,000.00 80,000.00 30,000.00 1,800,000.00 2,000,000.00 Depreciation % 0% 10% 8,000 10% 3,000 10% 180,000 5% 100,000 3,000,000.00 5% 150,000 20,000.00 20,000.00 300,000.00 15,000.00 60,000.00 25,000.00 10,000.00 60,000.00 80,000.00 9,500,000.00 519,250 10% 2,000 50% 10,000 10% 30,000 20% 3,000 50% 5% 1,250 100% 10,000 10% 6,000 20% 16,000 Annual Depreciation -

11

2.3. Plant Layout
Boundary wall/barbed wire fencing, etc. Water storage tank

Store N

Hatchery-cum-office building

Entrance

½ Ac Land Layer/Breeder House/Sheds 2.4. Annual Direct Materials Expenses
Raw Material Eggs Fro parents Parent stock chicks Chick Box Annual Direct Materials Expenses Quantity Existing Price per 1 LKR Total Value LKR 0 0 0 0.00 Quantity Proposed Price per 1 LKR(Average) 22.00 500.00 150.00 Total Value LKR 4,431,108.00 1,080,000.00 252,000.00 5,763,108.00

201,414 2,160 1,680 205,254

Monthly Direct Materials Usage 2.5. Annual Direct Labor requirement & Expenses
Description No of Emplo's' Hatchery Manager Operator Skilled worker Unskilled workers Direct Labour Existing Monthly Salary EPF + ETF 15% Total Annual Expenses LKR No of Emplo's'

:

Annexure 03

Proposed
Monthly Salary (Average)

(Average)

(Average)

EPF + ETF 15%

Total Annual Expenses LKR 276,000 165,600 138,000 220,800 800,400

1 1 1 2

20,000.00 12,000.00 10,000.00 8,000.00

3,000 1,800 1,500 2,400

Monthly Direct Labour Expenses (LKR) :

Annexure 04

12

2.6. Annual Production Overhead Expenses
Expenses Item Existing Electricity Cleaning Total Overhead Expenses Cost (LKR) Proposed 240,000 12,000 252,000

Monthly Production Overhead Expenses (LKR)

:

Annexure 05

13

3. Organization & Management Plan for broiler hatchery
3.1. Organizational Structure Owner / Manager
Operator Skilled worker Unskilled workers

1 1 1 2

3.2. Pre-Operating Activities in Gant Chart
Construction of hatchery building and other civil works Site selection, acquisition of land and development etc. Procurement of machinery and equipments Sanction of electric power and telephone connection Recruitment of Staff and labor Electrification & installation of Machinery Construction of poultry sheds

Procurement of parent stock chicks

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Pre-Operating Expenses
Pre-Operating Activity Expenses Amount (LKR)

Preliminary and Pre-operative Expenses like Legal Expenses, Establishment Cost, Travelling, Start up 75000 Expenses, Consultancy Fees, Interest during Construction, Trial Run Expenses etc. Other Fixed Expenses for Purchase of About 720 Nos Day-old Parent Stock chicks and Feeding Charge up to Laying Stage

Chicks Feed Totall

360000 200000 635000

Commercial production

Project preparation

Sanction of loan

Months

Trial Run

14

3.3. Management & Administration Cost
Annual Cost ( LKR ) Administration Activities Existing Telephone charge Stationery Welfare Total Administration Cost Propose 12,000 1,000 10,000 23,000

Monthly Management & Administration Cost(LKR)

:

Annexure 06

3.4. Administration and Management Fixed Assets and Equipment
Property Office equipments/furniture Telephone 01 Total Value (LKR) 50,000 6,000 56,000 Depreciation % 10% 20% Annual Depreciation 5,000 1,200 6,200

15

4. Financial Plan for broiler hatchery
4.1. Project Cost (Equity Requirement)
Cost Item Existing Owner's Loan Contributi on Proposed Owner's Contribution Loan Total Cost

Fixed Assets 1/2 Ac land Boundary wall/barbed wire fencing, etc. Water storage tank Layer/Breeder House/Sheds 4ft2/bird Hatchery-cum-office building + .Store 4000 ft2 Hatchery Unit (Egg Hatcher,Egg setter, Electric egg tester Egg weighing scale (1-100 gram cap.) Misc. items like buckets, trays, baskets etc. Generator (10 KVA) Electric Deb-eaker Feeder, waterer and brooder Weighing balance Veterinary clinic instruments/equipment Refrigerator Office equipments/furniture Telephone 01 Air conditioner Fixed Assets Total ( a) 80,000 30,000 1,800,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 20,000 20,000 300,000 15,000 60,000 25,000 10,000 60,000 50,000 6,000 80,000 2,556,000 7,000,000 2,000,000 2,000,000 80,000 30,000 1,800,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 20,000 20,000 300,000 15,000 60,000 25,000 10,000 60,000 50,000 6,000 80,000 9,556,000

Pre Operative Expenses Preliminary and Preoperative Expenses like Legal Expenses, Establishment Cost, Travelling, Start up Expenses, Consultancy Fees, Interest during Construction, Trial Run Expenses etc. 75,000 75,000

16

Expenses for Purchase of About 720 Nos Day-old Parent Stock chicks and Feeding Charge up to Laying Stage Total Pre Operative Expenses ( b ) Working Capital Expenditure Purchase of About 720 Nos Day-old Parent Stock chicks Eggs From parents Chick Box Labour Expenses Electricity Cleaning Telephone charge Stationery Welfare Promotional Expenses Total working Capital Expenditure( c ) Total Project Cost a+b +c Investment Contribution % 0.00% 0.00 %

560,000

560,000

-

-

635,000

-

635,000

360,000

360,000

203,742 21,000 66700.00 20000.00 1000.00 1000.00 83.00 833.00 1500.00 675,858 3,866,858 35.58% 7,000,000 64.42%

203,742 21,000 66700.00 20000.00 1000.00 1000.00 83.00 833.00 1500.00 675,858 10,866,858 100.00%

Working Capital Working Capital calculated for the 1st month after operation.

17

4.2. Profitability forecast
Item Sales Less : Return Actual Sales Less : BTT 1% Net Sales A Material Stock at start of the year Material Purchasing Material Stock at End of the year Cost of used Direct Materials B Direct Labour Cost C Primary Expenses (B+C) D Production Overhead Cost E (D+E) F Working Process at Start of the year Working Process at End of the year Production Cost G Finish Goods at start of the year Finish Goods at End of the year Cost of Sales Goods H Gross Profit ( A - H ) I Annual Marketing Expenses Annual Administration & Management Expenses Total Marketing and Admin. Expenses J Profit Before Interest & Depreciation (I - J) K Pre-Operation Expenses Annual Depreciation Interest Total Interest and Depreciation Net Profit Before Tax ( K - L ) Income Tax 25 % Net Profit after Tax L 6,815,508 7,313,648 18,000 23,000 41,000 7,272,648 317,500 525,450 798,000 1,640,950 5,631,698 1,407,925 4,223,774 6,815,508 6,815,508 5,763,108 800,400 6,563,508 252,000 6,815,508 6,815,508 14,271,875 142,719 14,129,156 5,763,108 5,763,108 Proposed Pre operating time 1st Year 14,271,875

18

4.3. Cash Flow Statement
Description Cash Inflow Client Contribution /Loan Sales Income (Net) B/F Total Cash Inflow Cash Outflow 1/2 Ac land Boundary wall/barbed wire fencing, etc. Water storage tank Layer/Breeder House/Sheds 4ft2/bird Hatchery-cum-office building + .Store 4000 ft2 Hatchery Unit (Egg Hatcher,Egg setter, Electric egg tester Egg weighing scale (1-100 gram cap.) Misc. items like buckets, trays, baskets etc. Generator (10 KVA) Electric Deb-eaker Feeder, waterer and brooder Weighing balance Veterinary clinic instruments/equipment Refrigerator Telephone 01 Air conditioner Office equipments/furniture total Pre-Operating Expenses Direct Material Expenses Direct Labour Expenses Production Overhead Expenses Marketing Expenses Management & Administration Expenses Income Tax 25 % Total working Capital Expenditure( c ) Annual Installment of loan (A) Annual Interest of loan (B) Total Cash Outflow Closing Cash Balance Pre-Operation 3,866,858 7,000,000 10,866,858 2,000,000 80,000 30,000 1,800,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 20,000 20,000 300,000 15,000 60,000 25,000 10,000 60,000 6,000 80,000 50,000 9,556,000 635,000 5,763,108 800,400 252,000 18,000 23,000 675,858 700,000 798,000 10,866,858 8,354,508 5,774,648 14,129,156 14,129,156 Proposed (LKR) 1st Year

19

4.4. Financial Analysis Rate of Net profit before tax
=

Net profit before tax Net Sales

×

100

=

5,631,698 14,129,156

×

100

=

39.86%

Rate of Investment

=

Net profit before tax Total Project Cost

×

100

=

5,631,698 10,866,858

×

100

=

51.82%

20

Annexure 01
Sales Forecast in Monthly Basis (No of Pkt and Value in LKR)
Products/S ervice Day Old chicks Unit Price Value Unfertile Eggs, Under weight or Double York Eggs Unit Price Value Disposals Unit Price Value Total Value Mont h 01 6,66 8 97.0 0 646, 796 Mont h 02 6,66 8 97.0 0 646, 796 Mont h 03 6,66 8 97.0 0 646, 796 Mont h 04 6,66 8 97.0 0 646, 796 Mont h 05 8,33 5 97.0 0 808, 495 Month 06 13,33 6 97.00 1,293, 592 Month 07 13,33 6 97.00 1,293, 592 Month 08 13,33 6 97.00 1,293, 592 Month 09 13,33 6 97.00 1,293, 592 Month 10 16,66 8 97.00 1,616, 796 Month 11 20,00 0 97.00 1,940, 000 Month 12 20,00 0 97.00 1,940, 000

925 10.0 0 9,25 0 86 2 172 656, 218

925 10.0 0 9,25 0 86 2 172 656, 218

925 10.0 0 9,25 0 86 2 172 656, 218

925 10.0 0 9,25 0 86 2 172 656, 218

1,15 7 10.0 0 11,5 70 108 2 216 820, 281

1,851 10.00 18,51 0 173 2 346 1,312, 448

1,851 10.00 18,51 0 173 2 346 1,312, 448

1,851 10.00 18,51 0 173 2 346 1,312, 448

1,851 10.00 18,51 0 173 2 346 1,312, 448

2,314 10.00 23,14 0 217 2 434 1,640, 370

2,776 10.00 27,76 0 260 2 520 1,968, 280

2,776 10.00 27,76 0 260 2 520 1,968, 280

Annexure 02
Marketing Expenses in Monthly Basis (LKR)
Expenses Item Month 01 1,500 1,500 Mont h 02 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 03 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 04 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 05 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 06 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 07 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 08 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 09 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 10 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 11 1,50 0 1,50 0 Mont h 12 1,50 0 1,50 0

Promotional Expenses
Total

Annexure 03
Monthly Direct Materials Usage
Raw Material Eggs Fro parents Unit Price Expenses Parent stock chicks Month 01 Mont h 02 Mont h 03 Mont h 04 Mont h 05 Mont h 06 Mont h 07 Mont h 08 Mont h 09 Mont h 10 Mont h 11 Mont h 12

9261
22.00 203,74 2 720

926 1
22.00 203,7 42

926 1
22.00 203,7 42

926 1
22.00 203,7 42

115 76
22.00 254,6 72 720

185 22
22.00 407,4 84

185 22
22.00 407,4 84

185 22
22.00 407,4 84

185 22
22.00 407,4 84

231 50
22.00 509,3 00 720

277 78
22.00 611,1 16

277 78
22.00 611,1 16

21

Unit Price Expenses Chick Box Unit Price Expenses Total Expenses

500.00 360,00 0 140 150 21,000 584,74 2

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 224,7 42

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 224,7 42

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 224,7 42

500.0 0 360,0 00 140 150 21,00 0 635,6 72

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 428,4 84

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 428,4 84

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 428,4 84

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 428,4 84

500.0 0 360,0 00 140 150 21,00 0 890,3 00

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 632,1 16

500.0 0 0 140 150 21,00 0 632,1 16

Annexure 04
Monthly Direct Labour Expenses (LKR)
Description Hatchery Manager No of employees' Expenses Operator No of employees' Expenses Skilled worker No of employees' Expenses Unskilled workers No of employees' Expenses Total Expenses Month 01 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 02 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 03 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 04 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 05 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 06 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 07 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 08 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 09 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 10 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 11 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0 Mont h 12 20,00 0 1 23,00 0 12,00 0 1 13,80 0 10,00 0 1 11,50 0 8,000 2 18,40 0 66,70 0

Annexure 05
Monthly Production Overhead Expenses (LKR)
Expenses Item Electricity Cleaning Total Month 01 20,000 1,000 21,000 Mont h 02 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 03 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 04 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 05 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 06 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 07 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 08 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 09 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 10 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 11 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0 Mont h 12 20,00 0 1,000 21,00 0

22

Annexure 06
Management & Administration Cost (LKR)
Administration Activities Month 01 1,000 83 833 1,917 Mont h 02 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 03 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 04 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 05 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 06 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 07 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 08 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 09 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 10 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 11 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7 Mont h 12 1,00 0 83 833 1,91 7

Telephone charge Stationery Welfare
Total

23

Business Plan for the;
BROILER FARM
No. of birds (per week)- 3000

24

INTRODUCTION

Poultry meat is an important source of high quality proteins, minerals and vitamins to balance the human diet. Specially developed breeds of chicken meat (broiler) are now available with the ability of quick growth and high feed conversion efficiency. Depending on the farm size, broiler farming can be a main source of family income or can provide subsidiary income and gainful employment to farmers throughout the year. Poultry manure has high fertilizer value and can be used for increasing yield of all crops. The advantages of broiler farming are Initial investment is a little lower than layer farming Rearing period is 6-7 weeks only More number of flocks can be taken in the same shed Broilers have high feed conversion efficiency i.e. least amount of feed is required for unit body weight gain in comparison to other livestock. Faster return from the investment Demand for poultry meat is more compared to other types of meat

MARKET POTENTIAL
Changes in life style and food habits of consumers, improvement in standards of living etc. have resulted into increase in per capita consumption of poultry meats but per capita consumption of these commodities in our country is still far below that of developed countries showing enormous potential/scope for poultry development.

25

1. Marketing Plan for broiler farming
1.1. Description of the Product Main product – birds more than 28 days up to 45 days Other Products - Poultry Litter and Feed bags

1.2. Competitive Analysis of Product If we consider demand and supply, the present supply unable to meet the existing demands. How ever due to high demand factor no marketing competition.

Present Demand

>>>>

Existing Supply

1.3. Main Customers Type of Product Customer Meet Processors Matured birds Coconut growers, Farmers and compost Poultry Litter manufacturers 1.4. Total Demand There is an increasing demand for meets, due to that increasing demand for broiler birds.

26

1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9

10 10

ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING - TECHNO - ECONOMIC PARAMETERS No. of birds (per week) 3,000 Rearing period (weeks) 6 , (42 Days) No. of batches per cycle 6 No. of batches introduced: I year and onwards 52 No. of batches sold: I year 45 II year on wards 52 Mortality rate 4% Expected weight per bird 2Kg Average selling price per Kg. Rs.220/= Feed requirement (Kg/bird) Broiler Starter 1.6Kg Broiler Finisher 1.9Kg Average selling price – Empty feed bag 20 Poultry litter **

** Due to high paddy husk content, low demand for broiler litter compare to layer.

Annual Income from Birds
# batches sold per year Annual sales Rs57024000 Rs65894400 Rs.218400 Total weight Average selling price # birds sold Mortality %

1st 2nd

3000 3000

4% 4%

2880 2880

2 Kg 2 Kg

5760 Kg 5760 Kg

Rs220 Rs220

Rs1267200 Rs1267200

Total sales per weak Price per bag

# birds introduced

Average weight

Year

45 52

Annual Income from Empty feed bags
Types of feed for 3000 birds # empty bags

Amount

Income

# bags

for 52 weeks

Starter Finisher

1.6Kg 1.9Kg

4800Kg 5700Kg

249600Kg 296400Kg

4992 5928

4992 5928

Rs.20 Rs.20

Rs.99840 Rs.118560

27

Total

1.5. SALES FORECAST 1st Year Annual Income LKR Annual Sales Quantity Unit Price LKR 2nd year Annual Income LKR 218,400.00 66,112,800.00 28 Annual Sales Quantity 10,920.00 Unit Price LKR 20.00

Birds

259,200.00 220.00 57,024,000.00 299,520.00 220.00 65,894,400.00

Empty feed Bags 10,920.00 Broiler Litter ** Total Annual Sales

20.00

218,400.00

57,242,400.00

** Due to high paddy husk content, low demand for broiler litter compare to layers litter.

1.6. Marketing Strategy There are no significant marketing strategies, Supply for the dealers as live weight chicken. Selling price will be based on marketing price.

1.7. Annual Marketing Expenses No special marketing expenses.

1.8. Marketing Fixed Assets No marketing fixed assets

2. PRODUCTION PLAN
2.1. Production Process Provide Shelter and Protection, Feeds, vitamins, minerals, Water and Medicines ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING - TECHNO - ECONOMIC PARAMETERS The proposed farming system is farming under the intensive management. 1 2 3 4 5 No. of birds (per week) Rearing period (weeks) No. of batches per cycle Broiler Shed capacity Required number of Broiler Sheds 3,000 6 6 1,500 birds per shed 16

6th week (Ready to harvest) 5th week Resting Sheds

4th week Ready to Introduce 3rd week 1st week 2nd week

29

DETAILED COST ESTIMATES ALONG WITH MEASUREMENTS OF VARIOUS CIVIL STRUCTURES A) Land Extent Ownership Detail about present land B) Building Types of building Floor area Construction cost Types of building Floor area Construction cost Types of building Floor area Construction cost Total - 16 poultry sheds - 32,000 sq. ft. - Rs. 6,873,200/= - Store - 500sq,ft. - Rs.350,000/= - Workers Hut - Rs.75000/= 7,298,200 : 25 Acres : Land was taken from the Sri Lanka Mahaweli Authority on a 35 years lease. : 1400 coconut trees 3 acres of Papaya been grown Depreciation % 10% Annual Depreciation

687,320 10% 35,000 10% 7,500 729,820

Cajuns roof

Wire Net
Feedrer (Poultry Net)

Concrete Polls

Waterer

9’’ Wall 108ft 1836ft2

17ft

30

Details proposed cost for Broiler Sheds No Items 1 3 cubs of sand @ 4000/= 2 3 Cubs of metal @ 6000/= 3 60 Bags of Cements @ 750/= 4 11 No of 15’ concrete polls @ 2250/= 5 22 No of 8’ concrete polls @ 1200/= 6 Concrete polls transport 7 Wire Net- 4 rolls @ 6500/= 8 Timber for roofing and other activity 1715 @ 35/= 9 Nails and roll plugs 10 Cajuns 1800No, @ 15/= 11 Cajuns transport 12 Bricks 13 Mason and carpenter charges 14 Paddy husk, 20 bags @ 20/= per bag 15 Transport 16 Auto drinkers, feeders & lightening 17 Wiring and other applications 18 2 No of Brooders @ 7500/= Total cost per shed 16 no of sheds are needed. So cost for the all sheds Cost 12,000 18,000 45,000 24,750 26,400 20,000 26,000 60,025 4,000 27,000 20,000 10,000 70,000 400 2,000 23,000 26,000 15,000 429,575/=

=6,873,200/=

C) Plant, Machinery, Vehicles and other fixed Assets Value Property (LKR) Depreciation 02 No of motor cycles 210,000 01 No of Hand Tractor 350,000 01 No ofTruck Vehicle 600,000 Water supply system 300,000 01 No of Weighting balance hanging 15,000 01 no of Weighting balance flat model 65,000 01 No of refrigerator 26,000 Total 1,566,000

% 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

Annual Depreciation 21,000 35,000 60,000 30,000 1,500 6,500 2,600 156,600

D)Cost of Chicks Rice per chick Chick requirements per week Chick requirements for year Chick cost for the year

Rs.90/= 3000 3000*52 = 156,000 156000*90 = Rs.14,040,000/=

31

E) Direct Labour Manager (Supervisors) 01 @ Rs. 23000/- per month Skilled labourers 03 @ Rs. 15000/- per month Per year 276,000 ETF & EPF (15%) 41,400 Total 317,400

540,000

81,000

621,000 Total 938,400

F) Feed cost
Price per bag Types of feed # 50 Kg bags for 3000 Amount for 52 weeks

Starter Finisher

1.6Kg 1.9Kg

4800Kg 5700Kg

249600Kg 296400Kg

4992 5928

3550 3400

17,721,600 20,155,200

37,876,800

G) Annual Production Overhead Expenses Estimated other expenses such as Fuel, electricity, maintenance, consultancy charges, veterinary surgeon charges, sundries and other expenses will be Rs. 39000/= per month. Costing for per Bird Rate per unit Rs. Requirement per Cost for bird bird 90 1 71 68 4 3 6 3

Costing item 1.Chicks 2.Feeds 2.1.Starter 2.2.finisher 3.Medicines 4.Transport 5.Salary 6.Other Expenses

Costing item 1.Chicks 2.Feeds 2.1.Starter 2.2.finisher 3.Medicines 4.Transport 5.Salary 6.Other Expenses Total Cost

Cost for bird Rs.

1.6 114 1.9 130 1 4 1 3 1 6 1 3 Cost for per bird 350 Costing for Year # Birds per year =156000 Year costing Rs. 90 114 130 4 3 6 3 350
14,040,000.00 17,784,000.00 20,280,000.00 624,000.00 468,000.00 936,000.00 468,000.00 54,600,000.00

Total

cost

90

32

3. ORGANIZATION & MANAGEMENT PLAN The overall management of the Firm’ affaires will be managed by qualified farm manager under the supervision of ……………….. 3.1. Organizational Structure 1 Manager (Supervisors) Skilled labourers 3.2. Pre-Operating Expenses
Pre-Operating Activity * Deposit to chick supplier Expenses Amount (LKR) 810000

1

3

* 50% deposit should open with chick supplier; to keep chick selling price as Rs.90/= constantly

3.3. Administration and Management Fixed Assets and Equipment
Property Office equipments/furniture Telephone 01 Officers Quarters Total Value (LKR) 10,000 6,000 1000000 1016,000 Depreciation % 10% 20% 05% Annual Depreciation 1,000 1,200 50000 52,200

3.4.Management & Administration Cost Administration Activities Insurances for Vehicles Stationery Welfare Other Total Administration Cost

Annual Cost ( LKR ) Propose 20,000 5,000 10,000 5,000 40,000

33

4. FINANCIAL PLAN 4.1. Project Cost ( Equity Requirement )
Cost Item Existing Owner's Loan Contribution Proposed Owner's Contribution Loan Total Cost

Fixed Assets Building 16 poultry sheds Store Workers Hut Officers Quarters 02 No of motor cycles 01 No of Hand Tractor 01 No of Truck Vehicle Water supply system 01 No of Weighting balance hanging 01 no of Weighting balance flat model Plant, Machinery, Vehicles and other fixed Assets
210,000.00 350,000.00 600,000.00 100,000.00 200,000.00 873,200.00 150,000.00 6,000,000.00 200,000.00

6,873,200.00 350,000.00 75,000.00 1,000,000.00

75,000.00
150,000.00 850,000.00

210,000.00 350,000.00 600,000.00 300,000.00 15,000.00 65,000.00 26,000.00

15,000.00 65,000.00

01 No of refrigerator 26,000.00 Administration and Management Fixed Assets and Equipment Office equipments/furniture Telephone 01 Fixed Assets Total ( a) Pre Operative Expenses Deposit to chick supplier Total Pre Operative Expenses ( b ) Working Capital Expenditure Total working Capital Expenditure( c ) Total Project Cost a+b+c Investment Contribution % 10,000.00 6,000.00

10,000.00 6,000.00
9,880,200.00

10,000.00

800,000.00

810,000.00

810,000.00

2,380,000.00

3,500,000.00

5,880,000.00 16,570,200.00
100.00%

4,070,200 24.56%

12,500,000 75.44%

34

Working Capital Costing item 1.Chicks 2.Feeds 2.1.Starter 2.2.finisher 3.Medicines 4.Transport 5.Salary 6.Other Expenses

Rate per unit Rs. 90 71 68 4 3 6 3

Requirement per bird 1 1.6 1.9 1 1 1 1 Cost for per bird

Cost for bird 90 114 130 4 3 6 3 350

A. 4 Batchers required full working capital = 4×3000×350= 4,200,000.00 B. 2 Batchers required 80% of working capital = 2×3000×350×.8= 1,680,000.00 Full working capital requirement = 5,880,000.00

4.1.1.Loans Repayment Schedule Name of the loan Loan Amount 12,500,000 Period of Repayment 5 Years Interest Rate 8% Guarantee Personal Assets

Year 1 2 3 4

Loan Balance in start of the Year 12,500,000 10,000,000 7,500,000 5,000,000

Annual Installment of loan (A) 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000

Annual Interest of loan (B) 900,000 700,000 500,000 300,000 200,000

Loan Balance in End of the Year 10,000,000 7,500,000 5,000,000 2,500,000 -

Monthly Installment ((A+B)/12) 283,333 266,667 250,000 233,333 225,000

5

2,500,000

35

4.2. Profitability forecast Proposed Item Sales Account Sales Less : BTT 1% Net Sales A Production Account 1.Chicks 2.Feeds 2.1.Starter 2.2.finisher 3.Medicines 4.Transport 5.Salary 6.Other Expenses Total Production cost Gross profit Management & Administration Account Insurance for Vehicles Stationery Welfare Other Total Administration Cost Depreciation of building Depreciation of Plant, Machinery, Vehicles and other fixed Assets Depreciation of Administration and Management Equipment Depreciation of Officers Quarters Lone Interest *Pre-Operation Expenses Net Profit before tax Income Tax Net Profit after Tax 1st Year 57,242,400 0 2nd Year 3rd Year

66,112,800 0 57,242,400 66,112,800

350*3000*45+ Working 14,040,000.00 capitol 17,784,000.00 20,280,000.00 624,000.00 468,000.00 936,000.00 468,000.00 53,130,000 54,600,000.00 4,112,400 11,512,800

20,000 5,000 10,000 5,000 40,000 729,820

20,000 5,000 10,000 5,000 40,000 729,820

156,600

156,600

2,200 50,000 900,000 162,000
2,073,980

2,200 50,000 700,000 162,000
9,674,380

162,000

0 2,073,980

0 9,674,380

* Pre-Operation Expenses will be covered during 5 years.

36

4.5.Financial Analysis Rate of Net profit before tax =

Net profit before tax × 100 Net Sales st For the 1 Year = 2,073,980×100
57,242,400

=

3.62%

For the 2nd Year

=

9,674,380

× 100

=

14.63%

66,112,800

Rate of Investment

=

Net profit before tax Total Project Cost
2,073,980

× 100

For the 1st Year

=

× 100

=

12.51%

16,570,200.00

For the 2nd Year

=

9,674,380

× 100

=

58.38%

16,570,200.00

37

4.6.Cash Flow Statement Description

Existing Year (LKR) 1st Year

Proposed (LKR) 2nd Year 3rd Ye.

Cash Inflow Client Contribution Loan Sales Income (Net) B/F Total Cash Inflow Cash Outflow Land Building 16 poultry sheds Store Workers Hut Officers Quarters Total Machinery & Equipment 02 No of motor cycles 01 No of Hand Tractor 01 No of Truck Vehicle Water supply system 01 No of Weighting balance hanging 01 no of Weighting balance flat model 01 No of refrigerator Office equipments /furniture Telephone 01 Total

4,070,200 12,500,000

0 0 16,570,200.00 0 6,873,200.00 350,000.00 75,000.00 1,000,000.00 8,298,200.00 210,000.00 350,000.00 600,000.00 300,000.00 15,000.00 65,000.00 26,000.00 10,000.00 6,000.00 1,582,000.00

57,242,400.00 66,112,800.00 5,880,000.00 6,552,400.00 63,122,400.00 72,665,200.00

Pre-Operating Expenses 810,000.00 Direct Material Expenses 53,130,000.00 54,600,000.00 Management & Administration 40,000.00 40,000.00 Expenses Lone 2,500,000.00 2,500,000.00 Lone interest 900,000.00 700,000.00 Total Cash Outflow 10,690,200.00 56,570,000.00 57,840,000.00 Closing Cash Balance 5,880,000.00 6,552,400.00 14,825,200.00

*** So Pay Back Period is less than 3 Years. ***

38

ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING - TECHNO - ECONOMIC PARAMETERS 1 2 3 4 No. of birds (per week) Rearing period (weeks) No. of batches per cycle No. of batches introduced: I year (on considering 3 months construction period) II year onwards No. of batches sold: I year (on considering construction period + rearing period) II year on wards Space requirement per bird (s.ft.) Cost of construction of shed (Rs./s.ft.) Store room (s.ft.) Cost of construction of store room (Rs./s.ft.) Mortality in 6-7 weeks (%) Cost of DOCs (Rs./chick) Supply of free chicks (%) Feed requirement (kg./bird) Feed cost (Rs./kg) Expenditure on labour (Rs. per month) one labourer) Over heads cost (Cost of medicines, vaccine, insurance litter etc.) (Rs./bird) Average body wt. of birds (Kg./bird) Price of broilers (Rs./kg. body weight) Income from manure (Rs. per bird) No. of gunny bags (per ton of feed) Income from gunny bags (Rs./bag) Depreciation on sheds (%) Depreciation on equipment (%) Construction period ((months) Rest period for broiler sheds (days) 500 7 8 40 52 33 52 1 200 200 220 4 140 4 3.2 60 10000 8 1.5 280 3 20 25 10 10 3 7-10

5

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

39

ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING - INVESTMENT COST Sr. No 1 Particulars Specifications Physical Total cost Unit Units (Rs.) cost(Rs./ Unit) Sheds and other structures a) Broiler sheds (8 sheds) b) Store room c) Fencing Water supply system a) Digging and construction of well b) Water tank c) 3 HP electric motor/pumpset and other accessories and pipeline etc. d) Electrical installation/equipment Equipments a) Feeders and waterers b) Dressing equipment Capitalisation of recurring expenses for first 8 batches a) Chick cost b) Feed cost for 4080 birds c) Overheads such as cost of, Medicines, vaccine, insurance, litter d) Labour cost Total financial outlay (TFO) 3.2 kg/bird Rs.5.00/bird

1 sft. per bird(DL) Barbed wire 13'dia x33'depth

4000 sft. 200 sft

200 220

800,000 44,000 30,000 100,000 20,000 50,000

2

1 Ls 5000 litres 1 Ls

100,000 1 50,000

50,000

3

4000 birds Ls

75,000 25,000

4

4000 DOCs 13056 kg 4080 birds

140 60 8

560,000 783,360 32,640

3 months

3

10,000

5

90,000 2,660,000

* Excluding the value of the land.

40

ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING - FLOCK PROJECTION CHART Year I II III IV V VI No. of batches introduced 40 52 52 52 52 52 No. of batches sold 33 52 52 52 52 52

Note: 1) Initial period for three months, is considered as construction period and accordingly only 40 batches will be introduced in first year. 2) Closing stock of 7 batches with an average age of 4 weeks will be there at the end of sixth year and the value of the same is taken into account for cash flow analysis. 3) The average value of the closing stock is considered at Rs. 100/- per bird.

41

ECONOMICS OF BROILER FARMING - CASH FLOW ANALYSIS Particulars I 1 2 a) b) c) d) II 1 2 3 4 a) b) Costs: Capital cost:* Recurring costs: Cost of chicks Cost of feed Misc. expenses Labour cost Total Costs Benefits Sale of birds Sale of manure Sale of gunny bags Depreciated value of Sheds Equipment (including water supply equipment) Value of closing stock Total Benefits Net Benefits I II-V VI

1,194,000 2,800,000 3,840,000 160,000 270,000 8,264,000 6,930,000 49,500 32,000

0 3,640,000 4,992,000 208,000 360,000 9,200,000 10,920,000 78,000 41,600

0 3,640,000 4,992,000 208,000 360,000 9,200,000 10,920,000 78,000 41,600

0 0

0 0

349,600 128,000

5 6

0 7,011,500 -1,252,500

0 11,039,600 1,839,600

350,000 11,867,200 2,667,200

42

Rate of Net profit before tax

=

Net profit before tax Net Sales -1,252,500+1,839,600×4+2,667,200
29,090,700

× 100

× 100 × 100

=

8,773,100 29,090,700

30.15%

Rate of Investment

=

Net profit before tax Total Project Cost
8,773,100

×

100

=

×

100

2,660,000
329.8%

43

Business Plan for the;
500 LAYER FARM

44

INTRODUCTION

Poultry Management is a popular business in Sri Lanka and it has long history. Now it is a widely available business activity due to many reasons like, • High demand for meets and eggs • Production can get within a short period • Low space requirement, easy management and high profitability Commercial Species with good characters and high productivity had been introduced by using modern breeding techniques. Modern commercial types have same characters. Characters of Layer types • Egg production pattern # Weeks 18-20 Egg Start production • • • 27 Increase 93% Peak 33 93<% 80 Gradually 65% decrease

Total egg production is around 290-300 eggs Consume 2.48-2.51Kg of feed for the production of 12 eggs Have Medium size body with light weight

MARKET POTENTIAL
Changes in life style and food habits of consumers, improvement in standards of living etc. have resulted into increase in per capita consumption of poultry products but per capita consumption of these commodities in our country is still far below that of developed countries showing enormous potential/scope for poultry development.

45

1. Marketing Plan for 500 layer farm
1.1. Description of the Product • Eggs • Meet • Poultry Litter 1.2. Competitive Analysis of Product If we consider demand and supply, the present supply unable to meet the existing demands. How ever due to high demand factor no marketing competition.

Present Demand

>>>>
Type of Product Eggs Matured birds Poultry Litter

Existing Supply

1.3. Main Customers Customer Egg collectors Meet Processors Coconut growers, Farmers and compost manufacturers 1.4. Total Demand

There is an increasing demand for poultry products.

46

ECONOMICS OF 500 LAYER FARM - TECHNO - ECONOMIC PARAMETERS
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 No. of birds rearing 500 Rearing period (weeks) 80 No. of batches per cycle 1 Space requirement per bird (s.ft.) 2 Cost of construction of shed (Rs./s.ft.) 200 Store room (s.ft.) 200 Cost of construction of store room (Rs./s.ft.) 220 Mortality (%) 4 Cost of DOCs (Rs./chick) 180 Supply of free chicks (%) 4 Feed requirement (kg./bird) See Feed Cost Calculation Feed cost (Rs./kg) Expenditure on labor (Rs. per month) one laborer) 10000 Over heads cost (Cost of medicines, 8 vaccine, insurance litter etc.) (Rs./bird) Price of an Egg 11 Egg production per bird 300 / See pattern of Egg production Average body wt. of birds (Kg./bird) 1.8 Price of broilers (Rs./kg. body weight) 200 Income from manure (Rs. per bird) 10 Depreciation on sheds (%) 10 Depreciation on equipment (%) 10 Rest period for sheds (days) 7-10

47

ECONOMICS OF 500 LAYER FARM - INVESTMENT COST Sr. No 1 Particulars Specifications Physical Units Unit cost(Rs./ Unit) Shed and other structures a) LAYER shed b) Store room Water supply system a) Water tank b) electric motor/pump set and other accessories and pipeline etc. c) Electrical installation/equipment Equipments a) Feeders and waterers b) Dressing equipment Capitalization of recurring expenses for first 8 batches a) Chick cost b) Feed cost for 500 birds up to 20 weeks c) Overheads such as cost of, Medicines, vaccine, insurance, litter d) Labour cost layering of 500 layers as the part time family business Total financial outlay (TFO) Total cost (Rs.)

2 sft. per bird(DL)

1000 sft. 200 sft 5000 litres 1 Ls

200 220 1 50,000

200,000 44,000 20,000 50,000

2

5,000

3

500 birds Ls

15,000 5,000

4

500DOCs

180

90,000 124,686 2,500

Rs.8.00/bird

500 birds

8

5

556,186

Excluding the value of the land and well.

48

ECONOMICS OF 500 LAYER FARM - CASH FLOW ANALYSIS
Particulars I 1 2 a) b) c) d) II 1 2 3 4 a) b) Costs: Capital cost:* Recurring costs: Cost of chicks Cost of feed Misc. expenses Labour cost Total Costs Benefits Sale of birds Sale of manure Sale of egg Depreciated value of Sheds Equipment (including water supply equipment) Value of closing stock Total Benefits Net Benefits 1st batch

339,000 90,000
975,023.3

50,000 1,454,023.3 180,000 5,000 1,650,000

207,400 80,750

5 6

0
2,123,150 669,126.7

49

Rate of Net profit before tax

=

Net profit before tax Net Sales
669,126.7 1835000

× 100

× 100

=
36.46%

Rate of Investment

=

Net profit before tax Total Project Cost
669,126.7 556,186

×

100

=

×

100

120.3%

50

Feed Cost Calculation
Daily Feed Requirement chart
Stage Weeks g/Day g/Animal For 500 1 13 2 16 Chick Stage 3 4 19 29 1092 546Kg 5 38 6 41 7 43 8 46 9 48 10 51 Grows Stage 11 53 12 13 54 56 4578 2289Kg 14 57 15 59 16 61 17 62 18 64 19 64 20 76 21 83 22 88 23 88 24 91 25 91 26 93 27 94 Layer Stge 28 29 30 96 97 97 41979 20989.5Kg 31 98 32 98 33 99 34 99 35 99 _ _ _ _ 79 99 80 90

Chick Stage IN Fixture proportion 0.223486 0.284437 0.142219 0.162536 0.040634 0.030475 0.008127 0.101585 0.002032 0.001219 0.001219 0.000813 0.000203 0.001016 requirement 122.02357 155.30272 77.651361 88.744413 22.186103 16.639577 4.4372206 55.465258 1.1093052 0.6655831 0.6655831 0.4437221 0.1109305 0.5546526 546 Kg Price 20 53 81 25 7 170 60 19 25 400 300 500 450 100 Cost 2440.471 8231.044 6289.76 2218.61 155.3027 2828.728 266.2332 1053.84 27.73263 266.2332 199.6749 221.861 49.91873 55.46526 24304.88 IN Fixture

Grows Stage proportion 0.268789 0.268789 0.144733 0.124057 0.062028 0.031014 0.010338 0.082704 0.003101 0.001241 0.001241 0.000827 0.000103 0.001034 requirement 615.259 615.259 331.2933 283.9657 141.9828 70.99142 23.66381 189.3105 7.099142 2.839657 2.839657 1.893105 0.236638 2.366381 2289 Kg Price 20 53 81 25 7 170 60 19 25 400 300 500 450 100 Cost 12305.18 32608.73 26834.76 7099.142 993.8799 12068.54 1419.828 3596.899 177.4785 1135.863 851.897 946.5523 106.4871 236.6381 100381.9 Approximate feed cost for the 500 layers IN Fixture

Layer Stage proportion 0.27137 0.250496 0.125248 0.125248 0.104373 0.02505 0.00835 0.083499 0.002087 0.001044 0.001044 0.001044 0.000104 0.001044 requirement 5695.929 5257.781 2628.891 2628.891 2190.742 525.7781 175.2594 1752.594 43.81484 21.90742 21.90742 21.90742 2.190742 21.90742 20989.5Kg Rs. 975023.3 Price 20 53 81 25 7 170 60 19 25 400 300 500 450 100 Cost 113918.6 278662.4 212940.1 65722.26 15335.19 89382.28 10515.56 33299.28 1095.371 8762.968 6572.226 10953.71 985.8339 2190.742 850336.5

Rice bran Maize Soya Broken Rice Shell Powders Fish meal Dicalcium Phosphate Coconut Poonac Salt Premix (Vitamins) Premix (Minerals) Lysine Vitamin E Tocsin Bind
Total

110 140 70 80 20 15 4 50 1 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.5
492.2Kg

130 130 70 60 30 15 5 40 1.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.05 0.5
483.65Kg

130 120 60 60 50 12 4 40 1 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.05 0.5
479.05Kg

Daily Feed Requirement chart - “Crusi Thakshana Wisheya Sangrahaya” Page 220 Ration ingredients, its proportions and ingredients market prices – From Poultry Farmer in Kurunegala District (2010/08)

51

% of Egg Production

100 80 60 40 20 0 1

Egg Production Pattern

1st Batch

2nd Batch

3rd Batch

24 47 70 93 116 139 162 185 208 231
Weeks

Egg production takes as the 300 eggs from a bird. According to the characters of the layers

52

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