P. 1
Russian Civil War -- armies of the new independent states (not osprey)

Russian Civil War -- armies of the new independent states (not osprey)

|Views: 105|Likes:
Published by smecherov

More info:

Published by: smecherov on Sep 07, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/12/2014

pdf

text

original

'Bepuumicsi

1(02Jla6-JleHUIO
CEPI15I «COJIMTh»

BOEHHO-HCTOPI1l{ECKNI

fpCUlUlaHCKCUI BOMHa B POCCMM

1917-1922

A. )J;ep5l6MH

P. I1aJIaCHoc-<PepHaH,JJ:eC

BBE)(EHIIE
B
rpa)K,LI,aHCKOH BOHHe pons T.e.

1917-1922
CHJIhl

rr,

B

Poe-

xoropsre
ace

6llH)KaHUIHe urrafia

'-IJ.1Hhl 113 HX OKpy;KeHI15I; OKOH'Hffll1 AKaLl,eMlfIO l1 l1MeJIH BoHCKaMH. npeofinanann MHoro soeauoro orpauepu HaUHO11 PYCCKHX ynpaSJIeHHH, repMaHCKOH apMHti.. apTaKTl1QeCKoro '-IaCTeH H COapTHJl.JIeco-reranne poCHJI aenpn06Ll,OCTaTOLJHhIH

CHH 3HaQl1TeTIbHYlO apMl1l1, rrocne rocynapcrsenaux OKT5!6pH

I1rpaml

HaUMOHaJ1hHhle pa3JII1':lHhIX 6blBllIeH r. nORBl1BWl1XC5I

OHH B pasnoe

BpeMH

soopyxeaasre

I'eaepansnoro

06pa30BaHHH,

onsrr

KOMaH,.UosaHI15I

1917 Bee

r.

ua
(c

reppnropaa

B KOMaH,.UHOM cocrase

POCCHHCKOM I1MllepHH Pecny6JIHKH). KaK C 6ellbIMH

1 .ceHTH6pH 1917

nam.asre
oq:JHUepOB. urrafiax ClIy;Kl1JIH aa)

xaapsr,

HO 6blJlO

3TH BHOBb C03,.UaHHbIe apMHH

B

opraaax 6hIBWtte

O,.UHOBpeMeHHO HaXO,.UHllHCb B COCT05IHHH BOHHbl BOMCKaMM, TaK H C 60JIE,llIeBHKaM 11; KpOMe roro, BOOpy;KeHHhIe

H BOHCKOBh[X raxxe

y:aCTHX H coe.llHHeHIUIX (3anaLl,Ha51 YKPaHHaUHOHaJlbHhlX BhlytlKa

aexoropsre
rrpornn

M3 HHX BellM npyra.

60e-

(HpH6aJITHKa), H TypeUKoti. CHJIbHblMH MHM. 5IBJInfll1Cb 3BeHa

asCTpHi1cKOH CTopOHaMH OTJIWIHaH

Bble JJ,eHCTBl15lzrpyr

(A3ep6aM,.U)J(aH)

canst

HaLl110HaJIhHhIX

npasaB CBoeM nyrs.

reJIhCTB B pa3JT11'-1HhIXpernoxax pa3BHT1111 npoxO)lI1JI.H OepBOHaqaJIbHO qeCKOH OCHOBe, sarev pOBaHHe or

crpaxsr

O,.UHH 11 TOT YCHflHBaJIHCb apMHM

»ce

KOMaH,.UHoro

COCTaBa, YMeJIOe HCnOJIb30H rrexornux MaHeBpeHHOCTb )leHCTBHH

OHH C03,.UaBaJIHCh na ,U06POBOJlhM06HJl1130<DOPMHsenocs 6e3 11 BO-

BaHHe KaBaJIepnHCKHX e,.UI1HeHMM, BbICOKa5I pHH COBMeCTHbIX B C03JJ,aHlHI 60eBhJX

BaHHbIMH 113 lIH'CJTa BoeHHo06sBaHHbIX. HaUHOHaJIbHblX nnana, KaKorO-flH60 HaJI.HYI1H opY)I(eHHH.

(B TOM QHCJIe 6pOHenOe3D,HOH),

paamrsnsrx

CTI1XI1HHO, B 3aBI1CI1MOCTI1 KOHTHHreHTa

,.UOB0p)')lCl1H H BHLl,OS BOOPY)J(.eHHhIX CHJl. Ycnex HaUHOHaJIbHblX Mepe KaK

nonxoztaurcro

aoopyxeuaux
na

O,.UHaKO Y)J(e B

1919

r. npaKT.l1'Y:eCKH CMJTbI HMefll1

B 3Ha'-lHTeJIbHOH

OCHOBhlBaJlCn

nee HaUHOHaJ1bHhle CTPYKTYPY, 6blJU1 VI apMHH,

noopyxeurrsre

nTH:H 60JlbWeBI13Ma llleCTBeHHbIX

nOJlHTI1Y:eCKOM H nneo-

6011ee I111H MeHeeyeTKYlO

opraHH3aUHOHHYID B ,.UHB113HH, xoprryca HMH OCYllleCTBllHJIH CM Ha-

JIOrWfeCKOH CHJIbl, BbI3hlBalOllleH H rocyaapcrseunsrx

paapyureaae
CTPYKTYp.

csezrenst

a ynpaanenue COCTas

K

CJIa6bIM

cropouax

HaUHOHaJIbHblX 4acTH

apMI1M.

urrafisi

pa3JlH'-lHbIX

YPoBHetL

MO)J(HO OTHeCTH OpraHl13aU110HHy.IO rpoMo3,UKOCTh H CJlO)f(}-{OCTb B ynpaBJIeHHI1. llttCh nOBceMeCTHO HOM 6e3 onpenenennoro <j:>0pMHpoBaB OCHOSsoopyxeaue B ueJJOM OTfll1'-IaJICH npo<j:>eCCI10HaJlbHOM Y'-IaCTHH xacrt, B nepsoti reaepannreH paaaoapeaeuao, nnaua,

KOMaHLLHblM Ul10HaJIbHbiX secsva nonrorosxa ra BhICOKHM

soopyxeaaux

npaSI1TeJIbCTB ypOBHeM H I1Mefl

XaOTl'fY:HO; 3TO

onsrr

3arpY,.UH5IflO HX YKOMnJIeKTOBaHHe, H cHa6)!(eHue. DoeBa51 HaKOBa. JleHHbIX BbIY1.JKa l[aCTei.1

MHPOBOH BoHHe. COCTaBllHflH

OCHOBHYID He 6blSWHe apMHH,

re He pan hI POCCHHa O<j:>l1UePhI, rrpoB rpa)l()J;aHCKOH rnasuoHe-

III coe,.UI1HeHJ.1H 113 6bma neonaM06HJlJ13anOD,fOrOB-

CKOM HMneparopCKOH IOBeD,eHHhle sa 60eBhle BoMHe. HCKJIIO'-IeHl1e

Ll,06POBOJTbUeB H M06MJI.l130BaHHbIX

aacnynr

Tsin

OTJIHY:aJICH HeBbICOKOH pesepaoa.

COCTaBJI.HJII1JlHWb

l(HOHHOH roTOBHOCTblO III orcyrcraaev orteparaarrsrx

KOMaHLl,YIOUJ,l1e<j:>pOHTaM11 11JlI1 apM11HMl111

I1HTeHD,aHTCKan

H MeaHl(I1HCKasI ){(aJIOCh

CJIY)K6bl cPYHKl.I,HOHl1POBaJIH B ue113TO HeraTHBHO

noopyxenu

PyCCKHMH,

a

raxxe

repMaHCKHMH,

flOM HeYll,OMeTBOpHTeJIhHO,

B
lleCKHM

na

MOpan:hHOM ;zyxe COJIll,aT na cPPOHTe, HaU110H3.J1bHhIX

orpa-

aBcTpHHCKHMH,s:rnoHcKHMM, cPpaHUY3CKHMn Bl1HTOBKaMH,

aMepI1KaHCKHMI1,

BOMCKaX

IIIHpOKOe IIIHeC.Sl no

pacrtpocrpaneane
cerraparnax,
apMHH H3CJIe,UCTBY or

rtpaturrenscrn
MeCTHH,UOCr3BI1MneH

mrcronerana,
Kapa6HHaMH, H .l1HOCTpaHHoro H

peaonsnepaxa,
11 0PY-

nyJIeMeraMH

nOJIycIHJ1 POCC}niCKOM:

,UHHMH.opoHeaBTOM06HJIH

H CaMOJIeTbI 6hlJll1 KaIC np0I13BOll,CTBa. CrpOHIIH

ycyry6JIHBIIIHM KaCTOBOCTh,

pyccxoro,
HOM

TaK

Bponenoeaua, ecrecrsemro,
repparopnn,
O,llHOT.l1TIHoe. TaKHM IDlKe 3aUHOHHOH 06P330M,

na coticrsea-

paropcxoii

KOPPYIIIJ,HlO B onepaTHBHOM H

noopyxeane
B Boop~eHHH

OHH .l1MenH HeH 60eBoti: rex-

UHTpHr3HCTBO, ]-[blM mlJIeHHeM, BhIH

HenOBHHOBeHue

3BeHe ynpaBJIeHH51

Maponepcrso, rrpnaanuree
cnoc06CTBOBaJIO MeCTHoro

crane

06hIllHbIM

noacesrecrMacco-

HaUMOHan:"bHbIX apMuH, cTPYKTYPe, HaUHOHaJIbHbIX

KaK u B HX

opranaB rrep-

xapaxrep,

B03IDlKHOBeHHlO HaCeJIeH}:!)I

enl1Ho06p33H5I apMH5IX,

He 6blJlO.

neraraeiroro
K apMHI1.

oraourexaa

B
soe

ocoeemro

BpeMH HX

cyurecrsoeanna,
TIepBOH3lJanbHO

He 6blJlO YHHcPU-

l1,lleOJIOrHtJeCKaH lIeCKH

paoora

B '.JaCT.SlXnpaKTI1CB060.ll..HO

KaUMI1 H B 06MYH)lHpOBaHHM, CHapmKeHUH. Jlu60 MeCTHy.IO MYHlll1pOBaHUe CKOM apMMH.

saaxax

Pa1JIHt{f!51. H

OTCyrCTBOB3.J1a, 60JIhWeBHCrCKOM Heynaq

11 :310 ,UaBaJIO B03MO)[(-

I1crronb30BaJIH

uocri,
B

areirrype

sec-

TI1 arHTaUHlO

B tJaCT.SlXH COell,HHeHIDIX, H3 CPPOHTe.

oc06eHHO

rpaxaancxyio onexny, JI.l160 06crapoii Poccaacxos HxmeparopK TeM I1J1I1 HHblM JleHTOL£KaMI1 llJIH 0603HalJanaCb

nepnon
TaKHM

npHHaLl)Ie)KHOCrb

06pa30M,

aoopyxeaasre

CMJI:hI HaIJ,HOHe

cP0PMUPOB3HJ.:ffiM

HaJIbHhIX npaBHTeJIbCTB (KpOMe npH6anurHCKHX) OTJll1tJanHCb BhICOKOM paHHCKI1X nOllllep>KKH KpaCHOH KpOMe Hhle apMHH ro 6bJ.III1 HeMHorOlIHCneHHhI

xoxapaax (nnorna
PYKaBHblMH

H8
Ha-

TOJIhKO JIeHTOl[KaMH)

crenerruo 60ecnoc06HOCTI1, (aa HCKJIlOlleHHeM YKH 6e3

nO.B.5I3KaMH H3U110HaJIbHhlX

UBerOB.

Ilosaaee na

HaUl10HaJIbHbIe

noemtsre

cP0pMl1pOBaB OCHOBHOM cpoPMY, a

CPOpMupOBaHHH) 6eJI.hJX apMHfi ApMHH.

cepsesaox
ll,J1.Sl

HH5I B npU6MTHKe

UCn0Jlb30BMH

H BOHCK l1HTepBeHonaCHOCTI1

TOB He npell,CT3BJUlJIH

cepsesnon

repsrancxyio
lore 3HrJIHMCKoe

H L£aCTWfHO aHfnutkKYlO 06MYH)lHpOBaHMe. BO

H lOfO-BOCTOKe

POCCMU HOCMJIM TOJIbKO

roro,
.l13-3a

np3KTH~leCKH

ace

HaIJ,HOHanbOCHOBhI-

B 1918-1919 rr,
opY)KeHHbIX

scex

HaUHOHaJIhHblX

BO-

oxpanaaoro
6blJlH

reorparpnxecxo'ue51TeJIhHOCTh H11 KaL£eCTBOM, HCrrOJIh30BMH

CHJIaX 6blJ111 aseaeau

c06CTBeHHbIe

paCnOJlQ)KeHH5I

BbIHY)l(,UeHbI BoopY>KeHHH nOCTYIIJIeHI1H.

sars

CBO.lO cHa6)ICeHyeCKYlO nOCTaBKax He OTnHlJ.aBlUflXC51 no TaK

sa
HM K3K H

HHOCTpaHHbIX )KeHMH, TOllHocrhJO PYCCKoe, RbI.

M CHapH-

xoxapznr H 3HaKH OTJlJ.:IQ1Ul, pacnonaramuaecs KaK ira BOpOTHI1Ke, TaK M aa noroaax HJII1 na pyxasax, qTO KaCaeTC5I CHap5I)KeHl1.5I, TO OHO 6hl)]0 C3MhiX pa3Jll1lJHbIX otipasuoa H3 crpaaYlJaCTHHU

cpoxaa

rrepsoa
KHHre

MHPOBOH

BOHHbl.

HaUHOHaJIbHble 60eBYJO TeXHHKY

BOHCKa

B llaHHOH
HalJ,110HMbHbIX ,lleHHH.

paccxaasreaercn
I1nH MeHee

He 060 scex
113 HHX, 0

H HHOCTp3HHoe

BOOpY>KeHi-fe

apMl1JIX,

3 JIHWh 0 rex

rrepnona nepsosi MHPOBOM BOMIlexora, KaB3JIepHH H aprannepas 6hlnH

KOTOpbIX HMelOTC.H 60nee

ro-nrue cue-

JIATBlIMCKAJI PECnYBJIlIKA
B

3-10 6bma

JI3TranbcKYJO

,UHBH3JUO.

raxxe

K

KOHUY

1919 r.

C¢OpMl1pOBaHa

4-.51 3eMTaJIbCKa51 CneUHaJIbHbIe pa3BepTbISaHI151

aasane

51HBap51

1919 r. Bpeaemroe
Pecny6J1HKH

npa-

,.Ul1BH3H51. ApTI1JIJIepH51

BHTeJ1bCrBO JIarBHHcKOR

OCraBl1J10

Pnry 11 nepeexano B ]]116aBY, xyna BMecre CHUM orcrvnana rOJ1bKO 3 POThI - crynertuecxaa, nnxopazto-maa
opr3HH3aLlHH OT.1leJIbHbIH o<pHLlepCKa51 H UeCHCCKa5l. apMHU: 3.rr.ecb npO,llOJ1JKHnaCb C03,.UaHHIO H Mo6H06b5lBn.eHa ,.U€51reJ1bHOCTb no 6bma

cosnasanacs neXOTHbIX xactea H
BOHcKa .llllMbIMl1 TIocJ1e TeJIbCTBa, HOCJ1~3Illl1e C H0516p51 CTaJIl1

11
no

rrpoxne
Mepe

OCHallleHI151

ax aeofixo-

TeXHW:IeCKHMH 06P330B3HH5I

Cpe)lCTBaMH. r.,

1918

Bpeseennoro npasuJIaTBHHCKl1e soenHOCHTb na scex r0J10BHbIX
(r.e.
KOKap;:J,y. CBe.rr.eHH5106 YHH¢OP-

J1U3aUH5I, H3 YKa33HHbLX

por

6blJ1 C<pOpMHpOBaH .1l06POB0J1b3CKa.llpOH. B lO)f(HYIO

yfiopax

OBaJIbHYEO KpaCHO-6eJIO-KpacHYEO UBeTOS) lO)I(HOH LI.OCrOBepHble

secxas pora

fiaramou,

06pa30BaHbi

HaUHOHanbHblX

II KaBaJIepHHCKl1H

3TI1 no,.Upa3.lleJ1eHH51 me'[HHHJII1Cb o

ny Jl3TBlli1cK0i1 apMllH nOJlKOBHllKa O. Kannaxa (noaaaee - rrOJIKOBHHKa 51. Banonaca). IlapaJIJ1eJIbHO cosnaauc JIaTBHHCKllX -racreit
BeJIOCb TaK)f(e H rry6J111Kll, nneaxstx PHLlOS; rpynna flo

rpyn-

Bee

me

ira

Tepp.I1TOplI_H 3CTOHCKOH Mo6llJ1H30BaHHblx

B <peBpane-MapTe

1919 r. yaanocs
H BoeHHOH or-

Pee-

rpynnu OTHOC51TCJI K 1919 r., xorna 6bIJ111 BBe.ueHbI 3HaKH P33JIUl£1l51 aa BOpOTHllKax, aaxpenxaauraeC51na nermruax xpacnoro irnera. OHH JfMeJIH SH.u rronepe-rasrx HalIDIBOK ,IT,JUI yrrrep-orpauepos, naMe JIaTBHHCKOH KOHUY cpeBPaJI5I THKOHel£HblX Me sroro, aseano-rex .llJlH IJ,eTbTpeXKOHeLIHbIX POHhl na 060HX

Ilepnue

CcjJOpMI1pOBaTb ll3

xpacaoapveaueu H3 HHX 6bma

BaJIMHepCKHil 06pa30BaHa non

Ile-

urrao-oomrepos.

..un}! ofep-odnurepon
yrnosue

H

Kpourea-

YCTaHaBJ1l1BaJIHCb 6elIble pyxasax

CllCCKHH. nOJIKH II HeCKOJ1bKO napT113aHCKllX JIaTBHHCKOH Mepe roro apMHH

B COOTBerCTBl1l1 C 3aHH-

CeBepH3H

KOM3H.llOBaHHAPMl1H ,{llCJIeHCPOPMHPOnaprpynna

eM nOJIKOBHllKaH.

3eMHT3Hca. KaK Boi1cKa BOHCK KpaCHOH JIaTBHH, poena,

OTTeCH5IJ1HCb C reppnropaa HOCTb JIaTSHHCKl1X

Otnern.aue 1919 r.,
6b1Jla pe-

POTbl pa3BepTbIB3.1111Cb B 6araJIbOHbI, TI13aHCKH.e IlOCJIe (fipnrana rpyrtna 60JlbWHe Llbl 6blJIll OTpHLlbI. B HIOJIe-3BrYCTe PHrH,

ilep6blii OOPaJeu.KOKapiJblHa ZOA06HblX y60pax Aam6uiicKoii apMUU, 1918-1919 ee, Ha KpYZllblX MemQMu'tecKux nyeoeuuax OblAU u306paJICeUbi cOAIlu,e U mpu seeso«.

BaJIl1Cb HOBbIe y.aCTH H opraHH30BblB3.I1lfCb oCB060)l(.lleHH5I rrOJIKOBHl1Ka BO 2-10 lO)I(Ha51

51. Banozmca)

opraaasonaaa

B 1-10 KYP3eMcKYID, Bl1D3eMcKYlO B 4 rrOJIKa,

a CeBepHa51

Dl1BH3Hl1. cocraarramax

HeOTP5l-

narranscxae

napT113aHCKHe

cneztenu

HpOBaHHe.y60S0M «<3CTOHCKHH D. ranyna y KOMaHDJ1pa nonxa 6blJlH B3BOlla OCHOBY 3CTOHCKOH Hap0D. BXoD.3 30JlOTOro BeTBH.KI1M. soennue ce6H CneUHaJlHCTbl M06I1JlH3aUHI1. . LITO H OKOJlblWH. H sre p03eTKl1. Zleaeprapcr- co6CTseHHO 113 cppeH4a. Ha60p ner. 6pHTaHcKoe 3HaKH 06MYHD. a KOKapD.HJlaCb xoxapaa B BI1D. KH.e BOCXOHMeJlaCb neas OCHOBCMe- COJlHua C 6YKBOH B Hl1)KHeH uneros. C BbICOKI1M BOPOTHHKOM. HCnOJlb30BaJlOCb raxxe BHHCKOH HblX 3Hi1. LLlUI IO)I(HOM rpynnu na 6blJla diopaa.Be).a 06WHBaJJaCb KpaCHO-6eJlO-KpaCHOH JleHTOH. 6pI1TaHCJlaTBHHCKa5J LIo6pOBOJlb4eCTBa TblBaJlOCb noe3LIOM. HOOKO- eHJlH 3aWHTHYlO ofipasua JIblWaM QJOPMY repuancxoro C UBeTHblMH rO)]y6bIMH).pOHOB. noroaa rternnusr Ha rtnexax snne )I(e UBeTa. TpH Y nOJlKOBHHKa urrab-odnruepos - LleTblpeXKOHellHble TaKHX KH (y nO.llnOJlKOBHHKa D. «L.aCT OKOJlO 25 OLIHaKo He OnpaBLIaJI. uresponsr D. nnorna BeCHOM H3rOTOBJleHa COCT05lWaH Mo6HJ1H3aUH5J TaK)J(e He nana xenoaex. HOCHJlH repMaHCKOI~. 6blJlO B apMHIO 1918 BoeHHOMY K KOHUY r. CO CT05J4e-OTJlO)l(HbIM pa)f(XH TYJlbeM.OllBOCbMHKOHeL[- xe ZZ. (WHYPbl B cPypa)!(J(H (KpaCHbJ MH. 16 H0516pH no 11 TbIC. nOJlb30BaJlOCb I1CKJlIOLJHTeJlbHO PYCCKoe 06MYHD.JlH 3Be3D. Y KOMaHJlHpa CTOJlbKO Y KOMaHD. - OKOI-ILJaTellbHO (y CTapWHX - CJlO)l(HYHTepn5JTHKOD.JIeTa 1919 r. <!>0PMY sOeHHOCJlY)I(aWl1e HOM PYCCKYIO.HOH BI1J1 «3CTI1 xopnyc»).OlJ- CHCTeMa JlaTBHi1cKHX ~ 30J10Tble) (OT 3I-1aK013 pa3JlJ. r. ronax BHH3Y HaWJ.ml HeCeHH}l oxpaHHblH oxpauuoii uenoH 11. C secuu . rycapckne «TPHJlMCTHHKa»). lleJIOBeK 35 TbIC.aWHe rycapcxyio H pYCCKHe H 6bIJ1H roro 6bl)]H 1919 r. a BoeHHble lll1HOBHHKH 3Be3D. 11 TpeM51 3Se3JlaMH LlaCTH xoxapnu HaUHOHaJlbHblX -renosex. C nacs ceI-lT5J6p5J 1919 r. rpynne npasarenscrso npennonaraa. uarrpuuep waHHblM.1l·IH5J:)]JHI nOnepeYHble Haw.LJHHeHHbIH MHHHCTPY.> KapaYJlbHOH nOD.5 1 6poHe»oenaeyaanocs cny-ia- UBeTOS. HO 30JlOTbIX.Hpa 6aTaJlbOH3 POTbl D.HHeHI1H Cenepnoji 10)1(B HOM rpynrt ace BOHcKa 6bl)]11 06MYHD.OJDKHOCTblO: TpH.IH- 2-2.HH. noxoxero BO npHH5IJIO MaccoBblH xapaxrep H B pane 50-75 % JlJ. MaHCKOH cpencraeuno HOH6pH KaHTCeJlI1T» oKKynaUHH CJly)[(6bI C¢lOpMl1pOBaHHb[H H ewe apMHH COCTa- OD. )KeJlTbl M H. pa3JlHLIHH aa KOTOPOM I1MeJlHCb JIaTBHHCKa5J SOHCK JIaT- Pecny6JlHKH. nOJlKOBHHKa 3eMHTaHCa I1CHO aa no- B CeBepHOH odmuepsr nonnexann scero 25 D.Hpa Y reuepanos C xe. nsuiero BHYTpH. BeK.Ba. K3CKaMH. BerocnHCKaX3Ha4HJlOCb H3 HHX 240 o(lmuepoB. Y KOMaHD. H cPy11 OKO)] blweM H He60JlbWOM Ilocne COeD. 4H 06b51BHJlO LIo6pOBOJlbHblH B 1303paCTe OT lJTO 3TO HO C 3J1eMeHTaMH CHap5J)I(eHHe MY)KYHH PyccKo-repMaHCKI1M. 3CTOHCKAJI PECnYEJIMKA MaeMOM D. onna.1'IHOro COCTaBa xacrea.OlIKH OLIHOi-'! LIO rpex).HpOBaHbl JlaTBH HCKYIO CPOPMY C JlaTBHMCKH MH 3HaKaMI1 pa3J1HlIH5I.IaCT5JXHaCt.OCTHraJIO 4l1CJleHHOCTb apMHH 1919 12 TbIC.HBKH ynrep-odmuepoe oCPHUepOB na nernnuax. ra H306pa)KeHHeM 130 BpeM5J rep- Taxxe BBOD. TbIC.HBWHX Ee BOeHHOCJlY)K. «aaanepns COCTOHlla 113 ornensB COCTaB JlHBHC ocemr 3CKaD. xenoH Bpanpnnuan H B uaxane C )I(e.-maJIaCb JleHTOLIKa HaUHOHaJlbHblX JleHTY HOCHJlH 6e3 KOKapJlbJ. HeqHble 6eJlbie LIJ1H ofep-oqnruepos 3Be3D. LIeKa6p51 na CPPOHTe B 3CTOHCKHX 1. 1918 r.HpOBaHHe C PYCCKHMI1 3HaKaMH OTJlWIIDI. reuepanu HMeJlH HoonoAICo6HUK 1918-/920 Aam6UiicKOii apMUU OCICapc KaAHUltblU. MblX pe3YJlbTaTOB nOBeCTH TOJlbKO LIO ea D.

OCTHfJla Cesepnoro 22 H <pHHCKJ1X nofipo- .puu. 893 Mo6H- 24 HHBap5I xopnyca LII1CneHHOCTb LleJlOBeK (6e3 Haponxori 6eJl. 130M 3CTOHllH. Bcxope OHI1 BOWIII1 BI-13110H fipoaenoeaztoa. TeM HHBapB 060POHbl He MeHee OpraHI13aLl.I HX COCT05IJIl1 CTapWI1X KJIaCCOB. Ilaaacuoc-sbepuaniteca. H05I6p5I 1918 aprannepua eute opratIJ130BaH KaBaJlepHHCKHH 1918 I-iii.tueepon 3cmOHCKllX IlQU.pypa:JICKe OlliJNa nsmuxoueunan KOKapiJa.D. nOIlK. "Kapten JrW" HapYKaOllble IIOOJl3KU O.D.Hee 6aTaJJbOH.UOIlQAbllbIX ueemoe. 1918-1919 soopyxemrsre HaXOll. 19J8-J9J9 ee. .p)')KJ1Ha H TapTYcKl1M napTI13aHCKHH Kynepb5JHOBCK:I1Pi) <DopM11poBaHHe xonue 6blJIH 6blJI r.HHMI1.I:. ua 1I0flCliOM puwe . 11 B 51uaape 1919 r.OJI)KaBweti:C5I 1919 r. (H3 co6pallUJl P. B 5IHBape 19] 9 r.l1JlOCb ]II KOMaH. HaYaJlOCb B orfiopuue cxayrcxaa KaJleBCKaB yaCTI1 113 a06pOBOJIbuen: )J. npononxanacs.nasane Bsirm coaaansr 6aTaJJbOHbI 6aTaJlbOHbI.e 26 Opy)J. 1918 .eKa6p5I CI1I1 3CTOHll11 r.ep scmoncxoii apMUU.!Ul '1u/IOO 3cmOllCKUX 6polleaomOM06uJlJl «Toonena» U 6poHenoe30oo M 5 U «Kanumau Hpe». na <pPOHT nanpaaneasr 6 fiarapen.apmlJJ1JlepUiiCKuii 6e6ym.D.UOllOJlbllOii AeHmo.y .I1JI HOBbJX nonpaszre1919 J1eHHH H lJaCTeH B KOHue aeKa6p5I rr.I1JI 11TaJOKe I CTOpO- xopafins.. O."co~ (nueap« 1919 e.ecaHTHbIVr (113 'IHHOBHJ1KOB H MOPCKOH 11 I1HTeJIJII1TeHIllm). ua pYKaoe .D. B nexafi3 6po6bJJIH B )J.Dro apMMll . TaK Y)Ke 35IHBap51 Ha 147 q)porrre nYJIeMeTaM 11 B XO. B COCTan BOOPy- )KeHHbIX BXO. Ha Q)POHT 6bJJIl1 OmpaBJIeHbI uenoeana. B HOH6pe 1918 r.11- r. )KeCT- npHH5ITbIX BpeMeHHblM npasirrenscrpecny6JIl1KH 1919 r.D.D.). nenoaex Ha'laJIH 6bJCTpO paCTI1. 19J8-1919 ee.HO BpeMH 4eJIOBeK.So 0 musauto HToonela" Soonusroftg nOZOH c moexueemuoii llau.D.nKa H 2 3C- rr . Ha py6e)Ke KI1X Mep.!)cmll xaumcenum» (1918 e.) U flapYKaOllQJl nOOJl3Ka «. Kpone roro. (n03. . 1918 11 nfMHa3HCTOB KOHU.1 a rtoannee nocrpoerrsr eute 2. aB 2-H pe mmape 1919 r. JlI-13aUJtll1 K HaCYI1TblBanOCb xe 13 npO.D.8 TMC.B pe3YJIbTaTe cansr 4.) Ha . 1-13 0<pHuepOB K )KeEOH MHHua. Bcero 60JIee Ml1H E ::. 1 KaHoHepCKa5I J10. co B apTbIC.

HaAacuoc·f/)epnoHoeca. B pyccxnx BOHCKax COJI.) Y o6oux Ila npa6blx pYKa60x 6uiJIlbi 6eJ1o-. 3cToHcKan HaPO. 3CToHcKue soacxa B COCTaBe Cesepuoro xoprryca (sarex Ceaepo-Sananaof apMHH) Bell11 60eBb1e .uHM ap. 3CTOHCKoe KOMaH. 7 fiponenoeanax 11 1 fipoaeasrouo6uJIe. annaOTp5ILl (8 CaMOJIeToB) 11 sanacaue 4aCHL IToTepH 3CTOHCKI1X BOMCK B xone I'paxnaaCKOW BOWHbI. 5 6poHeaBTOM06UJIeM H . 611JI C03LlaH erne B CeHT5I6pe 1917 r.bl nOKJI.ueticTB115I npOTHB Kpacaon APMHH B nepnon seceaaero 11 ocemtero HaCTYJIJIeHH5I aa Ilerporpazr. 28 .tepIlO-cunue llapYICa6Hbie n06R3KU.bTYPbI. 1918-1919 ee.ul1HeHHblX BO B3BO)].alfeti «CaMo060pOHbI'> (B CB5I311 C ynpasnaenaesr crapon nOJIHUHH H CJI.)J. 06be. TOJIbKO rrepen HaCryTIJleHUeM B nasane ¢eBPaJI5I 1919 r. coCTaBHllH 4038 lfeJIOBeK y5HThlMl1 11 YMepillHMH OT pan 11 13 775 4eJIOBeK paHeHbIMH.) y PR0060l0 CAe6a euona 6eAtlJl naWU61C6 ua npo6oM pYKa6e.aCCHO BO rnaae co CBOHMH rrperronaaarenaxn QH13KYll. C¢OPMI1pOBaHH11e H3 rHMHa311cToB-CrapWeKJIaCH11KOB 11 Yl(arnHXC5I ztpyrnx ytte6HhIX 3aBe. Ero nonpaaneneaas. H 6bIlII1 Fpynna cosoam 3cmOllCKoii apMUU.H 80)]'ocHa6)KeHHSI H ua no-rre. HJII1 «CaMO050poHa» «<OMaKaHTCe»).6em06.BOJIbueB). no oqmUI1aJ1bHblM . raso.uOB (11 6poHerroe3.6pOHenoe3.ep)KHBaTb. . (93 co6pallUR M.UOllaAbHblX IJ.uoB. 12 MHHOMeTax. Bsanoea.uOBaHue cocpenoto-mno na I:O)KHOM ¢poHTe OKOJlO 11 TblC. 43 Opy.UHCUHITJIHHy. B nee TaK)Ke BXO. irecnn nexypcrso na ofrsexrax 3JleKTpO-. COJlOambl scmoucxoii apMUU.K.ueHHH.JO.a60CTblO nezraaao C03)]'aHHOH MHllHUHH) 5IBJUIJIOCb rrperrorspauremre pasnoro pozta 6eClfHHCTB H rpa5e)KeH co CTOpOHbI peBOJII:OUI10HHhTX COJInar H npecrynasrx 3JIeMeHTOB. 1918-1919 ee.UarCKHe Coseru OKa3aJIHCb He B COCTOHHIUI nO)J.uecaHTHbIM orpsn).enmpe n06R3ICO 3cmOllCICUX llau.astx nOJIKOB H 6aTaJIbOHOB.ueKa6pH 1919 r. y PR0060l0 6 u.uUJII1. OCHOBHOH 3a)]. HeCKOJIbKO orncm. -3CTOHCKI1H oxpannsm xopnyc.MH5I 6bma peopranxsoaaaa B 3 neXOTHble . T.uHOMY aprannepuacxovy 11 KaSaJIepI1WCKOMy nOJIKY B Ka)K.uoti).uaHHhIM.uH:HX.IlHBH3l151. (93 co6panUJl P. qenOBeK npu 242 nYJIeMeTaX.u11BU3HH (3 neXOTHblX rrOJIKa H no O.

YIpOBaHHbIX B nOB5I3KJ1 6eJloro Pesene rrsera rpexa qUltbl scmoncxoii «osusccuu 60 apesen lIepeZ060p06 c PC(}>CP 6 Tapmy lIepei) noonucanuess MUPU020 iJ0206opa 2 peapaJUl 19202. 06lLl. npa 113HOCHTbC51.6bIJlH C rpaxnanno B CTa- KOM6MHl1POB8Tb npW. - CKpeITJIeHHble rrOJIOCKe. r. )l.eHbI CKOH O)l.HeC51cpopMe. TaK. B nOLl. «KaHTCeJUfT» nO-TIpe)I(HeMY MMnepaTopCKOM <pOPMhI O. 'UIeHbl cPYHKlI. OT 20 )]. xa 6eJIon 60eBbIX HapOAHaH IlIJI.) (zrse THeM.lJ. Ba06brQ}-LaH )J)1>1 scex HOCl1JII1 CBOfO C KOTynYIThl.08pMeHUbl -racro O)l.KOBbIM HOMepOM ne-raruo «Ca(TaJTC ynpaanerms.1l0JIbe H reneps JIHT» «<OxpaHHbIH HHTb CBOH rrpexnae HeMLl.IDl He TOJIbKO B TbIDY. ropoxcane - B BHJ13Y.BeTaC n8TpOHTa- MI1 ropona. Ll.lIe. Cnpsramroe OTHblHe (.e)!(AbI 11 3HaK013 pa3JIMqM5I. M <pypa)l(KY 6bIJIH BbTBe3eHbI HeMUarrpH3blBaeMble Bsranrae pyccxne orpmreps.etl 1918 M)')K'IMHhI B soapacre 113 «KaHTCeJIHTa» lfMHbI crapnrero aa BoelfHYIO czran TOJIbKO fHMHa3HCTbl CTapIlIeKJIaCCHMKH «COf03» 45 r.lIeHl1e qeTKYID oprauasa- Ll. CHHHMH <:P0PMY.VlJIH H8 npaasrs- KOTOPOi:i rroueuranacs CeJIMT8. llIeM 6bIJIl1 BOOPY)KeHbl HITOHCKJiIna MH BHHTOBKaMI1 CI1CTeMbI ApH.lJ.lJ.. ace B35ITbI KOMaH)l.LI810IL(liIeC51TIonyqaJ1J1 re BaHHH.YCMaTpHB8JIO M06HJIJII3aLl.aMl1 yXOLl.LIHHY){{POCCI1nCKo.LIe2K. 6bVlH Y rrO)l. YHMq)OPMY.Ll1Tb 06MYH. ElU1HCTBeHHblM 5lBJIRJIaCb 6erra5I C IlOP5I.IaHHl1 Tp8AULl.e.enCTBMn (xoueu apMH5I KaK He I1Mena caoeii CaMl1 .HH.HH .HIO.5I BHOBb CTaJIa BbIHOJI- COI03»). KOTOPbIX VIM He rne E. «CaMo060poHa». PYCCKOH <popMe. rrOJIOC8MH DOHubl B COOTBeTCTBHH C IJ. l1.OTK]JblTbl TlOPbMbL Hl1lI HeMUaMll BXO'[I)1BIlIHe renn B Bo Bpervffi oxxynauaa 6bma 3CTO- «CaMo060pOH8» sarrperneaa.erreHJ1H Mo06opOHbT».CoI03a» HOCH. MaTepaaJlbHbre MM.e)l()l.ll casrste OCB060)l. HaXO)l. - PYKorrO)KanOp5I.JeM .LJ.lIaHCKOH onexne I1JIH B CBoeM 06MYHAMPO- <. B rrepuozt opyxore.15I..C8Ka 113 MeUlKOBHHbl Ilocne 50 rrarponos.) Kpyry xax-yuranxax 11 norrynrytixax. . .pa3)l.ax opyscte JII{ OTKPbITO.llHJlH OAe)KJle wanB Y'IaCTBOBaJIJ!I B 60HX B TOM KpeCTb5IHe pa60qell YQaUJ.repHO-6eJTaH TIOB5I3Ka.e)K)lOH.Y. O.lJ. (H3 C06POllUJl P.l1TeJIbHOll pOB8Hl1e.l.5IJIMCb rra ctiopusre TIOHOmeHHOH nOCTynJleHI1H ira CJl)')K6y Ho ocranacs.I1CJTOu. no «KajirKAITSE uue caoeri pyxa.5In8X IiI naJIbTO. UflJIaCILOc· (fJepHouoeca.Y CHHMa5I C y6MTbIX CTOJlh ueofixomrUJHHeJIH. TaK M Boopy)((eH.HBlllaHC5ILl. BOHCK B HOH6pe «Kanrcenpa BhIBO)l.LI06po BOJIbl.lJ.hI.aHCKOM BOHHbI.SITeJIbHOCTbpacnpocrpananacs B p5IAaX «Kajirceoxpannon HO H na aeceune B )l.06blBaJIH ce6e J1M 3HMHMe spesren CPOPMbTOAe)K)J. LIlT»).fI3WerO TIOBH3Ky.3JIU'lUJl 110 eopomuuxax.LIMpOBaHHe BblHY){{)l.OBaHliIeM. KOll: 11 cTYAewlecKOH 3.e)l()l. HO 6e3 noroa. .J. CHap5DKeHMJl 11 06MYH)])lpOBaHH5I.) Omuemsueo (JUiJllbl 31LOKU pQ. KaK 3TO 6bIJIO B npesoren apMMI1.5IBJI.e5ICh nOJIY1. noscemreaaoa npenjseru 06M)'HllHPOxnarano M n03TOMY MHOnpHXO.CaMo060pOHY» HOCI-lnn CBOro IlIKOJlbHYIO rpaxaarrcxyro pa3JIWIH5I 3HaKOM nOB5I3Ka MeCTHoro JIHHHe).LII1HCTBeHHbIM OTJIMQ}fTeJIbHbIM JIl1qHOrO (csepxy BHH3) H8pYKaBHa5I npH3HaKOM COCTaBa HBJI5IJIaCb CHHe-1.LIKO]918 r.B KOTOPOll OHVI npI1XoJJ.V1MOtl HJIH Mble nneaasrx 1918/19 B rJifMHa3UQeC- BbIM HOMep B nasane 3CTOHCKa5I co6CTBeHIfOn OTcyrcTBMeM HOCJ. Y KOro 3J1JiI.O 3TOro Ha3blBaBlIla5IC. Hero JUfTa» cny){{6bl rIPH BCIO 3CTOHUIO.0 B apMMIO.MeHHo sanacsr rr03TOMY JTeHKJiIM CanOrI1.lJ.HbI 06MYH. <:PPOHTe. ero Y)I(e ycrreno JIeT 6brml M B HeM OCTaJIHCb KJIaCCOB 11 MY)Koxem. PYCCKliM npe)J:<Hen 6bIBlIlell 3CTOHCKOH AVlBH1917-H8qane TIpM6blBaJIH 're. 3TO 06b5ICHHJ10Cb y 3CTOHVlH CBOJ1X c06CTBeH- 60JlbmeBHKoB nrarnor. CJIy))(6y.e)KAe Ha. JlHllIb 1920 csoea rr. yCIaU{HeC5I (.D. HO cava opr8HM3aUHJI BOMHbl He 1918HMeJI ero O. apMMll Bee MMeBlIlMeC5I B apMM10 [pa>K.COI'o3» HMerr HaX02K. npaxruxa HblX 1300pY)J(eHHbIX CHJI. HapO. a rtpenonasaHapYKaBHa5I H O)l. B neurpe 3M6JIeMa «EESTI KpyrJI8R H8AITHCb: aapozroapscemtu nYHKTbl. BOeHHOCJl~8ru:l1e 1918 rr.AOJI)((Hbl na BaHHI1. '-IaCTO BOH. pOH.I1JlH Hexoropue M0611JlM30BaHHble nYHKTbI HOBoe ITo OKOH1. C<pOpMl1pOBaHHOll: B csoea 13 KOHue 6bIJIM 5IBIL5ITbC5-I na CJIY)J(6y B cnoeii rp82K.eKa6pe npe)l. crapunrx B03paCTa.a repMaHCKJIIX 1918 r.

apMHSlX. OR 6DJIhWeBVlKaMH CTcpOHe nCJIbCKCrC 6DP.lI. TePPMTo.I1BH3HIO - cppeHq11 MeCTHo. ceporo (MbIWHHCHMeBKCKap.BaTbrCJIbKO o.lliI. aBuaUHcHHpIH rtapx 11 IOHKepCKce ysamnue . no HOCHJlI1 cpypa)KKH H3o.renepan rpaxnaacxyro onexny.uHcf'r apMHH.PMM H CKo.BeTOB. Hexpaurenax CDI03HblMH cxon) K KDMaH. apMH11.llHoro S CBo.CHo. soopyxemre OrJIM'!Me xpyrnoa.1J.Kap. cxoro ne: TeJl.CKaX..ylOU1. 1919 r. CC3. 5lHBapH YCTaHDBJIeHl1e rore HHTepBeHUHo. cepsre nansro.hKC K JIeTY 1920 no.eB vaaCTpeJIKCBYIO. K CpraH113all.llb paaa aa peunrnacs POCCHH. B o.PYc- soacx.1J. YKa3bIBaJIo.PYCCKl1e HD aepayrscrr 1919 r.DJI2KHDCTb maBHDKo.Cb. npn Ll.6paTHJICH renepany C.YlOlUeMY Boii:cKaMH me Beprenno «BUTHCo.ero O}lHaKC naznryio CHIO. 6blJla B KCTCPYIO xacrn. lllThIKCB.llY HaUHDHalJbHblX HCHeHHIO KpDBb xoropsre. TpeyrCJIbHylO .BaBWMCb yxacrne B 60HX C 1918 r.H- Bencpyccxnn pansr 24 TaJOK. apMJ.. 3JleKTpoTexHl·PIecKHH. nCJJ. Ha rOJIo.6pIDKeHHe runa.C6pCBo. EeJIo. 6bIJIC TOJIbKo. HCnCJIKCM paasr 9 MapTa npOBC3rJIaCHJI otipasosaane BenopycCKOM Haponnoa Pecrrytinmor (EHP)..JIbUbI.ro.aMH MH H xacro D.BCKOll. H JIl1TOBCKOH ll.ll)l(aKH.MX npexBOll.HpCSaHHR.P.[(06PCBCJIhtIeCKaH npennarancs ()I(eJITC-3eJIeHO-KpacHbJe) II )l(eJlTbIMH OKOlJbIWaITH.eM apmJIJlepHCTCB UHaJIbHbIX ponos CCCTCIDIC Vi paaaensmatem-usisr . JIIITOBCKMlPECnYEJIIIKA ApMH.KOJlbIllJU JIo.6 TbIC.HUHCHHOH a raxxe H rpaxB K3yeCTBe orTpeyrCJIbHHK JICCb CCPOpMMPo.Ko. K 11101110 orra cocrase 3 nexorasre D.eHHDCJIY)KallU1e nCJIeBDrC «BHTHca».5 TbIC. (r. nepsox H Ta. KCTOPbIM no.l1.CD6Hble BODpY)I(eHHble H neJIDpYCCKa. YBHcpo. 3 IICJIKa B xaxnoa). HMeIOllI. MMe- B3HJI aa ce6S1 B 3To.6nYJIeMeTCB.eHHYIO apMHH. rycapcKHH H apTHJUIepHficKl1ll.CJlY)f{HJ1 o.JIK. eure He ycnes B H xpecrsancxne HaUHcHaJIbHo.iJI J1I1TBhI HMeJla 0.HCKOH HbIX y60pax )KeJJrD-3elJeHC-Kpac- BHH3). nyurxoa.Sl JIUTo. na 6plOKax rroroau ceporo nsera H xanru ua 0.M}> pemme JIll (cxa-ryunra MDpaH. C1IY)K11Blll11e panee TO HOCU1IH nOJIHYIO HUX sacrea xacCPOPMY O.lle)K.1J.H KCHTaKTDB r. aapona.BeHl1H paCITaJIaCh.11BH3H11 (no. BDlllJlI1 JIerDM B naxane 6eroro ap- H yHHCPOPMY 6PH113 rronesoro Y MHCYHl1CPCp- raacxoro ceporo rHX Mbl. ray6M'-lHYIO 11 asnatiarapex.HH.Pb6y H aeunrpoxoa JlHTCBCKHX HOCHlJH WJlben) HaUHCHaJIbHblX KaK H .ll.eH «xaynac» MOMeRT sana-ry (3ananHo. CD3)laHa CHMBCJIH3HPCBaJIH C MeTalIlJH'-IeCKDH H CJle3bI 6eJIOPYCCKoro r. JIHTCBCKHe Bo. 3JIeMeHThI o.ll.11 PKKA )l(e CrDJIKHo.EeJIo.a. JIeHlleM B .HaJIhHCH rpYllHblH CKDfi uensio.MYllJHHUKCro. B xoxapC Jl11TCBCKMM repoox pstuapeu na xone) «CflHHHeM».KU. C BbICCKHM C KpymbIMH UBeTCB TeMCHa 6bma 336 CHJIbI He YBeHllaJIHCb aa KCMaHD.JIHKDB CCJI. apMHM (Benopyc<.llo.M JIHQHTeJIbHCH llaHCKDM Hblfi HaUMOHaJIbHblX (csepxy JIeTo. CJIY)l(HJIH TaK)I(e DHH HMeJIH B JIarBHHCKCH. npCH3BO.JIbWeBHKaMH».bI CBo.eficTBH:51na nexatipe 1918 r.HAJI PECnYJ)JIUKA soemnre no . onexne HCnCJIb3CBaJICH UBeTOB - rtepezmcnouapoaarscs 113 nOJlhWI1 BenopycC '-laCT. TaKMe )Ke JIaMnaCbI WJl arax . 3anaxe so-cepsre }lBy6cpTHble 6pIOKH 113 nCJUlKOB.PyccKOH . C 6o.lI. 3M6JIeMbI na C Tpall. opyxna.apTHbIe KaK nOJIHKH 3aHHJIU EeJICpyccHIO. xeneaHC. KCMH- coaaa- neXOTHbIH lIaTeJIbHC cCPCpM1lpCBalIaCh TC1I.P~eIDIM apMH11 CKDJ1bKD-HH6Y. C6MYHD..CBaHHeM ycnexoa.Bcero ona HaCqMTbIBaJIa 20. Mali. repMaHCKHX 1 ThIC. 3HMCM 1918-1920 rr. cartepnsni H aanacnsra 6aTaJIbCHhI.llCTBa.M ro) mefi uaera py6awKH BbIlIIHBKOH.'-lTC netrrp CKMfi HaUHo.HH 6blJIO pewe- narrpaxep: senensre rpypaxex. aa nacryn- Bce6eJIo. EeJICPYCbI 3CTo.BKCKapC6bnor.HHCTCK11X 13 1919 MYH)J.. weSHCTCKCfO HMeJIa 3ana.aHHH 3ana.llaHHbIM urrafia 6C1Ih- HCnCJIHHTeJIbHOrC rere BeJIHKOM Benopyccxon llpHHHMan CKOro.L(YMDM 0.T apMMH). Pecny6JU1KM C MOMema ero C03. 1. Cbe311. 750 cafens.BHCM.e HCH6p51 1917 r.6- C 3eJleH0l1 sst- HeMel. npeztcenanerrtpa c MeC BCHCK 36 JlerKHX 11 4 TIDKeJlbIX OpyD.[(OBBCCnOJlb3o. 6bIJIH 1919 EeJICpyccKc-J1HTcBcKaH H cD6cTBeHHD nepeKPo. Ilonsrrxn CC3}laTb c noxroun. nocne HeCTaH)l. repsraacxoro 6enDpYCOB.ro no.HpcBaHue.PYc- H cepe6pHHblM THIIa JIHToBcKHe cpypa)l(KH OKCJIbIWeM KOKapll.llaHMH S EEJIOPYCCKAH HAPO. caoea csor. B repMaHCKHX Orpuuepet. .e.CHCBOH HblX CPOpMHpcBaHHH soopyxeu- rppoara. 3 6pcHence3na H 10 CaMCJleTCB. Ha 6blJI TepPl1TCpHH CCPCpMHpDBaH EeJIOPyccHU rrCCTC5lHHC BeJIa BalIMCb CHOM HOHHCKHe ':IaCTH. 6DeCno..bOeJICPyccKcrD HaUHCHaJIbHOrC o.ll. 6eJIDpYCCB H JlHTCBll. 6o.aT11cCPHUepCB cneaa BCo.SIHBape-cpeBpalJe xoprryca reaepana IO.HM.ll.OH craporo PYCCKOrO ofipasua.PMe Il. BeHT.lI.UHY .pmKHbIll.l.CH.M Ha cpraHH3aUHHoeJICPYcapM. H cnapaxenne pycB ceoopasua.

QeJIOBeK.eKC1OKa.ll. CJIYllKa5I paaa BO rnase 06bflBll- C Baprnase.I1HbI B EeJIOpYCCJ1H.uii PycClcoii llapoiJllOii a06p060.llHHH Ha3Ha1.[(I1CJIOlJ. nOIlYlieHflblX eo epeJHfl nepeoii .llbH020 a3uamCKOZO 06pa31(a. CJlOHHMe . 3JIOTCKI1H.J1Tb 11. na KapMaHe .B. apMHIO JilMeBLUHH na- JIa aceofiuryro rpl1H3HCOBhle M06HJII1. Ha seeos« pYKa6e . <D. na zpyou .H 6eJ1opyc3eJ1eHOM KOTOPOCBOH KOMHTe- apMJ111 K3K snpa CKOi1 apMJilH.ueuseecmuuu HazPyoHblU 3ltalC.eCTEOBaTb 6e3 KOTopaH H HeCTH erma MO)((eT nOHHTb rrpaBJilJlbHble BOfO 6eJIOpYCCKoro HH}fQ 11 BHemHIOIO nHKI1». B CJlYUKe. )((e 6blJIH opraHH30BaHbI OCTaBJIeHHhlX Bo orpJ1lJ. An. MypaWK1111 apMHeM.llaHl15I.aHa no EellOPYCrpOPMI1- B BJ111hHO 6hIJIa apMI1Y1. KPbITbl scex xpynaux sneua nYHKTbI.3 3anaCOB. P5I.ll. ITHllCY. 11 B apMJHO TOJIbKO xe nonsrranact fa3eTa«3MaqHHe}) «CeM'Iac CBoeM 1920 r.naK-EaAox0611'1 (1883-1940). 17 COlO3 saunrru CROM rpHJlHMbI 11 B KOHu. 6blJI 6aT3JIbOHa.MOCh CCPOpMHpoBaTb TbIC.eHbI OT noTOJJbKO nOJ1Ka 6pl1fa)lY BpeM5l no 3. KOMI1CCJ151 tEBK) 9 J1lOH51 3a5IBJ111: xoropoe MH Bo. liy.ll3pCTB3 zrexper.llOJDKHbI cosnars cnoe Eenopyccmo He OT 60JIhC H . CTaJI OYeBH)leH 6eJIOPyccKOH YllaJIOCh B KpeCTb51He BceMH MI1 npOTHBHJII1Cb npI1BJIe~[b M0611J1. 6eJIOPyccKHX uorrauxoro.11 CO- EeJlOpYCCHH rraprnsancxoji 3eJ1eHo..I1H. 2 Ilonscxoro rOCY. apMHH.nb~eCKOU apMueu ze1tepaA-noiJnopy~uK CH. B OKT5I6pe 3TOT B Ho B. apMHIO. OL(HOBpeMeHHO xpernue BeTCKOH urarn oxpany napona nena nepenoBHy1VeHpecny6- EeJIOPYCCKOfi npe)lnpHH5IJIH scepsr KOH- no C03)laH111O na TeppHTOpJ. xorzra I3eJIoPyccK35I TOJlhKO pecrrytinnxa He MO)((eT 60JlbWe CYlll. fienopycsr C03BaJlH Cbe311 npencraearenen 4 11 Fposascxoro) Bo 31 scero )leKa6- nacrynne- BOJlOCTeH 11 MeCTeQeK.HCKaMH JJJeBH3Ma». ro perynapuoji Opraaasauneri OTPfl. 3eJIeHa51 «Hapoznrsnt C03)laTb He yzianocs.epCKl1e Boenuce I1Myrn:eCTBO YIl.llCKHH CrpOpMl1pOEaTb yrBep~J16B WJ1HCKOfO. BO CDpaHllHH. n.u. cpencrsa uensro C03.llaJI HaclaJIbHHK IO.aTb 6elloPyccKYlO 10 .llOM C nOJIbCKJ1MH J1 zrpvrn- rnana KOTOPOH H.nellmO'IKU nazpao.nacuoc-fPepllanoeco.Il. K B COCTaBe KyweJI5I. xepea 6eJ10PYCCKYle scepsr CaBI1HKOBa B KOOP)lMH11POB3JII1 nOJ1I1TI1QeCKYlM nei1cTBI151 C PYCCIGIM TOM E.1. 3aH5ITOM na KO- JJJlKOB.l1IO C apMI1H. rraprua scepos 1920 TaK- C031l.2 rona apMH51 HaC'lI1TbJEaJIa r.MOCb nOJ1YlJ. J1 HaT·JallHCb BJIaCT5IMH. nOCJIe.e He 60Jlee J1 CB060)lbI». coomeemcmeytotaue ~UllY.5I.H3KO Y. J1 Ko- A. (H3 c06panUfl P.aCTeH. lla.JIJ1JJJb OCB06o. KOMI1TeT TOPOM 6bJJ1a 1136paHa acepov CJIYUKa5l pecnytimrxa.JeH rnasxyp- HOKOMaH)l. HI15l 60JIbIlleBI1KOB 28 HOH6pH . ITHCMa: KOMaIlOYIOUJ.YIDJJJI1M 6eJIOPYCCKoi1 B snecs CbI. O. C nOJlbCKI1MI1 BOHCKaMI1.llOB 6Y)lymeH apMI1H 3aHI1MMC5I H. nonourrro 6eJIOPYCCKOM BpeM. BooPY:HCen UlalUKou npOU360. paapeuraronnnt lJ. npOBaJI aMepJilKaHcKoi1 roponax BeOTKOHUY CI1JlaK C0311aHIHl apMl1eM JIOpyCC. BoeHHa5I neperosopu C nOJIbCKJ1MH C031l. CKaH pOBaHHlO BOHCKO. Ilpy- B.tuecms HalUUOOK sa paneull. EeJIOPyccKa5I 485 qeJIOBeK. 15-16 OKT5I6p5I 1920 1-10 CnYllKYlQ CTpenKOBYIO (2 CJIYUKI1X OKOJIO MYlliKeTepOB TblC.HH 6blJJa 06051 M06HJlH3aUlHI. D. AlleKCIOK «Msr .J1poKYJleBwleM 11 npoaoarnauieaa H05l6p5I paaa 6~b1Jl peOpraHI130BaH PO)l.3alJ.opoell'C1cue .) Ha eeo eopomtauce euonbl 3naICU passusus.MJ1J1.113a.lleJIOBeK..HT Omraxo nOJI5IKH TOpOnI1JIJ1Cb 22 opramcsarnren OKTH6pH 6eJIOpYCCKHX H3.MUp060ii u Tpa:HCiJaHclCoii eoa«. 11 3HTH60JIbWeBI1CTcKot'r soopyxeaxe UMOHaJ1bHYlO 5eJlOPYCCKYio 6hIJIJ1 nOJ1YQ.lleKa6pH r. Ho H)leH 1919 Bep60BOYHble apMJ1I1: f.J1POBaJlCHurraf apMHH.Jl.

PYCCKOll 1917-1920 TH)KeJlble rr. lllThIKOB CKaSJ HapO)lHa5I )lenCTBOBaJIH MHH reaepana JIOBeK).lleHI1H apMUH IIepeMhIKMHa OHM.ll0l£KH. H COI03a enanooopaaaoro 3JIeMeHTOM Bynax-Banaxoanxa 6anaXOBueB oceusio He HMeOTmILJ:HHX aa Ilonsurea. l£eJIOBeK. APMM5I renepana JIa ponazrcsoro. «MOJlHHH» 30JIOTble I 3Be3sep- I(OQKa. S) nOIlIC0811UIC.5. 1921 6bIJIH B rr.lJ.B. 9} amaMau 6puzaobl. 6bIDI1 C )KeJlThIM BepXOM. 1-51 crpenxoJleron a TaIOKe U BOpOTlll1KaX HMeJIaCb3M6JIeMa nar OHa 6bma Bcero aa BaH H CBOL(Ha5I Ka3a4bH )lI1BM3HH.HASIPECIIYBJIHKA B pnona: C I1CTOPHH BoopY)KeHHbIX CHJI YKpaHHbl B onepapoaaauraa Bee OT 60JIhllIeBHKOB. COCT05IBlIIaSJ aa COBMecTHO n.n.llaT H odnnrepoa. 13) amUMan r/Jponma.I.t:(ywell Il. Eanaxoaax). nartpasnensr n. HHeM orpaae B nepaon Kpacaoii 1918 r. zra nYJIaK-naJIaXOBI1L[a. B CB5I3H C 3THM qUHOB 6pHraL(bl nma HbJM xapaxrepaon aa cnocofox cran U3rOTOBneHHbln 6pIOKH-ranHcpe) peopranaaonaau MO)KHOrO J1. B HP. B I-n Hble BaJI neXOTHaH QaCTn.!LUMMH CMJ1aMlt xpacmrx. 3aTeM <pl1aCKO.c. cOnpOHIBJleHHe. Ocpuuepbl (KYpTKa H%5:! uranxa-ynranxa. HOCHJlH CTaPYIO «IIoroH5:!». 6eJ10PYCCKHe 60- (scero H CPOpMupOBaHHH HaCl£HTbIBaJII1 OKOJIO 4. 19J5 e.LBaJIa lIM qero BOOp)0KeH- nocne rrorrscxyio reppnropaio. COJI. B nepson n0J10BIIHe HlOH5:! 1921 r. see 3TH apMMM ()0Ke B YMeHbUIeHHOM COCTaBe) B KOHue 11 1-51 CTpeJIKOBaH 6pHra. Bpaarena.HHeH11J1 cYWecTBoBaHMe xomre roro 1917-1920 .e)l{HBaIOTCH 4 neLlenrpansnoa paasr.. Benopyccaa TPM B 6oID( KpacHhIMH yqaCTBOBanH o6be)lllHeHHhle aHTH6oJ1hllleBHCTcKHe Ha5:! )106POBOJIbqeCKaSJ rpynrra: Pyccxas aaponapMHSJ reaeparta G.llOJDKeHHH pasopyxeau nepeuimr rrOJIbCKYlO rpanOJIHKaMH KOCTIOM H3 CaMO)leJtbHoro cppeHqa. Bcero HHCKHe B 9 TbIC.. sacren Bynax-BaIIepeMbIKHHa 6WIH oripaaosanu L(HBH3I15I «CMepTH». 2}poiio8blii. By25 TbIC.CKOYKpaHHcKoH )J.llOB8(B 3TOM CTaJI rorna CJly)KUll nYJIaKscea B 1920 r.t:(JIH HHTepHHpOBaHHblX a BIlOCJIe}lCTB.aXOBHQa H nareps . neJIOpYCCMM ueJIbIO aepana TaIOKe rr. CnYU. 10) amUMau OU8U3UU. J)'Iomap. 4) 6YU'lY3ICHblii.5 .04KH.H. apMMH (900 xenoaex) 3-51 Pyccxas ap(16 ThIC. rrOJ1KOBHHK renepanH 3 3Be3.pa Hoe 1920 r. lJeTKO rrpOCJ1. nO)lrrOJlKOBHHK M 2 3Be3.2 1 3Be3)J. 12) amUMan apMUU. MX 06UlHH QeJIOBeK. apMHH KOMaH. - Benopyc06e OHM 11 TbIC. 7) KypeHllOu (noiJnolllCo8HUK).HH. CO CKpellleHHbIMI1 3M6J1eMY OT opraHH30B8HHoro nOCJ1e nepexona KOCTHMH.OlJKa. Ca6eJIb npn cJIJ'}K6e H aa 67 opy- rtpexparttna csoe )Ke rona.4U'IUR YlCpauHclCoii apMUU nepuoiJa l(enmptlAbuoii paobl. MaHop .KaH orcrynana na Ilorepnes 3Hat{HTMhHO 1920-Haqane RHUY.5 ThIC. sanae- fioesofi 3TH COCTaB HaOIHThlB )Ke B 1920 r.a OKa3b.Il .J.n. 6pMTa. na nx rononmrx rOJIOBHbIX y6opax..llOM H3 YKa3aHHbIX rrepaonoa C npeBOCXO)J. rervaaa Il. APMUH TeJIbHbIM CJIY)K6bl B Ky6aHKll lJeperr BaB sry HHHa.: 1} cuue (8 cepeOUlle}-3ICellmaJl lColCapiJa (po3emKa). 11) amUMauKopnyca. H H KanHTaH 30nOJIOCKa n0J10CKH 3 3Be3)lOlJKI1. CO)lefiCTBHe Be. 2 3Be3)J. OTJIl1lJI1TeJIbHOn CTBeHHYIO JIWfHH. TOJIbKO C 60JIbllIeBMKaMM.a ¢OPMOH HCHbITbIO)le)K. noPY41fK rrOJIOCKa 11. npaBJIeHUM. 06MYH)lHpOBaHmr. nonrropylIHK cepetipsmue II0J10CKa l{ aaeano-rxa.bl K)'CTapCYKH 3ay60pax Y COJIC sana HeXBaTKY BOOPY)KeHl'UI U 06M)'H. 5) noiJcomeHHblii. H rrOJIOCKH - 30J10Tble 2 JIOThle rr0J10CKH 2 30JIOTble rtonrropytnx THKaJIbHO.nax-Banaxosaxa 9.t:(MID().HpeKTopHH B KIDK. cpoPMY PYCCKOn apMuH. nOMUMO YKPAHHCKAJI HAPO. CaBHHKoBbIM BoopY)J(eHHoH M3 .UUpOBaHHH. CTOPOHY 6eJIbIX OHM CTaJIH HOCMTb H8 xytiaaxax 3aMMCTBO- rrapmsancxoro PYCCKHM <PPOHTe B caM OTpRI(a Ily- ua CeBepHOM 1915 r.llJIH B0360Pb6bl npO. 6} comuu«. qeaacaoeii re60M POBeHCKOM MMeJIM OCB06o)K. CHCTeMY I1MeJIa CBOIO c063HaKOB orpauepcxnx xoropsre HalllHBaJIHCb na BOPOTHHK: xopyIDKH:l1 1 cepetipaxaa rrOJIOCKa. U3 HHX ThIC. reaepapas- qeperr C KOCTHMH 3M6JIeMOn APMHH H8 K)'6aHKaX 311aICupa3. lJ3CTH H coe)J.H. nOJIOCKH na BOpOTHHKe pasxeinanacs .llOQKH.

IlbCK020nosxa MOPCKOii nexomu. a raxxe nonpaaaeneH3L[aJIe !lOJIKa. 2) 2eHepOA-nopY'lU.H CYllleCTBOBaJIO 3 nma srensaue.HCKHM xoprrycon).13aUHH» 113 COCTaBa KaKHX-JII160 L[aCTel1 HJII1 CO- p. 1919-1920 22.1BH3HOHbI H Bcero apMI1H 60eBoro Ca6eJIb.bJe no J1HHl(HaTHBe peBOJIIOUHOHHhle KOHKpeTHblx 11npyrne 4aCTH. 9) xopYH:JICuii. OTP51)1hl BOJIhHOro 113 P33JIWIHbIX nopmKCKHH K33aLleCTBa HHH MeCTHOH C3Mo060pOHbJ.I1('YK]JaHHH311YKapMel1CKvr:H H posansr»: 34-ll apMei1.l1..l1 npaBHTeJIhCTBO He3aBHCHMOll paaa )0Ke C BeCHbI UeH1paJIbHaH apMHH 19]7 r. 1-11 (2-tl CHT. YKpaJ. I1MITepaTOpH savetuenan HOBbIX 1917 f.!D1HeHHH 6bIBlllell acex POCCl1llCKOll HeYKpaJ.1IHH.)laM3W(.1 aprannescxanpa). tiJopMHpOBaHHll. 8) nopY'IUK. 6) amasuuc MQPCKOii nexomst.aMaKOB. 11 KOHHbIX rai1.(aMH. sazra-t. LfaCTeH 61[JI xoprtyc B 1918 r. I1H)fCeHepHhll1 pl1HCKI1. asrotipoueaoa )1J.a nOJlKl1. 250 nYJIeMeTOB H npenrtpnnsna )1I1KI1 (YHP).CKH. LJeBOH 3anopmKcKHH 6blJIH ctiJopMHpoBaHbl reTM3Ha xypein.)1.1HCKaH TbIC.i1 xoprryc (CTaJI I-M paM.bl T3K)f(e YCHJIeHHIO csoero BJIMHHI15'Iua YK- «YKpaHHJ. 7) comsux.x Boop)0KeHHbIX YKpaHHCKOI1 APMH5I - COCTaBa OKOJIO Haponnon nocreneuaoro Pecny6KaK 113b- 9-11 TbIC. 12) POii06blU 1-20 FYlQ'. {nemsuua na eopomnuxe.llK0611UK. 5) noi)nO. 10) 6YH'IY:JICllblii. lllTbl.0pMHpOBamrl1: cav OCTO)1ml OpraH.bJJI. q. )fCe B MapTe-anpeJIe HMeJIa OKOJIO J.KOB H 2 TblC. tuumue na pYKa6e U n020H): 1) ZeltepOA-nO. no pacnopaxeYKPaH- 11KOHHO-roPHhll1 B03nYXOITJIaBaTeJIbHa. C¢OpMHpOBaH 3arrOJIK coaaauasre nJ1aHOBbIe Jlepsoe Hbl CHJI nyrev flTlUl TeM HJIH HHbJM npam:!TeJIbCTBOM Cq. ~ " 8 9 ~ b:J I"~t l~' t I~'! 10 11 e. 4) nOIlK06#UK. aekoropux 'r.l.K.2 3 ~w iltUW:Itl!@ fltl_IIttt_l!lUm 1)-. JIHU HJIH rpyrtrt. 15 1918 r.l1n Mep no . L[HH HMeHH 6-11 xopnyc) E.1HueB TaK H rryrev CKOI1 apMI1H HX yKpaHHl. 11) 'Iom06blii.l130BaHH. opraHH30BbIBaJ1aCb l2 6poHeaBTOM06MJIeH.e. H3 HHX npHCTYITl1JlO K C03)1aHHIO CBOH. HeMUbI H aBCTpMl11J.llK06HUK.OpMHpOBaHHble (4 neXOTHblX BbInOJIHeHHH Ka1G1x-JII160 HHIO npaBl1TeJIbCTBa. 6.I. Panon xasanOJ1K.. BeCHOll H JIeTOM C03naHHH 12 3uaKU Pfl3JIU'I1lll MOPCKOii nexomm nepuoiJa Ilupexmopuu. L[eJ10BeK. YKpaHHCKI1H XMeJIbHHUKOro - fai1. 3) zeltepOA-xopy1t:JICuii. 60 OPY.

1:0 8 .M He SblXOnHJI 11 COe. Ilasacuoc-tbepnanaeca. BOHIlonsum. COCT051Jla H 3anopmKcKoro CWleBbIX xoprryca.I1BJ.MaIlCKUMU eeuepasauu.err 3pMVlH. (#3 co6paflUR P.MBH1918 L1.HuepoB COCTas IlJlaHHKopnYCOB.HenpoBcKOH.anbl-lOrO rnase B.0IDKHa 6bIJIa COCT051TbVl3 ]I[ 8 neXOTHbIX xoprry- 4 13 ony6JIHKOB3H BpeMeHI1 l[)l{HOB. Bee MMI:O BKJIIO<13Billyro 11 OH 11 COCTaBJlHJlI1 6 neXOTJ-IbIX. 1lJIH I1I-1Tep- narepxx COXpaHI1B HHpoBaHHblx..LI. Ho aa sees xanpos 3aKOH nepHO. K oceu 11 1918 r. non. CKa re Ilorepnen nopaxeuae YH P OKa3cUll1Cb na 6blJlH cOCpe11. B exafipe 1918 r. BoeHHa.OJl)f(Hbl 6bIJIH OTKPblTbCH neMY151. Il. Iler- ara- 8 apMePicKHx Cep.jcKaMH (rOJIOBHbTM I pecnytinu KaHCKHX BOt'tCK) CTaJl C.llHJIH BI1Hw-I.111 B anpene 1919 r. L1. cacens npa 149 opynanx. Ctcoponaitcxoeo 14 L1. 1l0Jl)f(J-I3 6blJla Bee CKOpOnal(CKOrO.m~ (<CI1HIOIO L1. ComaCHO 1918 L. YKpaHHcKofO LI.HpeKTOpl1l1 CTpeJIbllOB TeXI1I~'-!eCKo.. COl03a C CTOHTb 11.VlHeHVIl1. apMHH 6blJIa paaaenena J-l3 4 apMel1cKHe rpynnbl Jleaofiepexuyro. 2 soemnre (r. sra LJaTYIO anpenn [eTMaHoM YKpaHHCxoponancxnn npononeure UeHTpaJIbllOH Pazroa opra29 Il.j VlJIaCb. axaxaaer- WKOJl.I!I. apMIMI 1l.D. YHP BO ny apMH51 MI1pHoro TbIC.4 6pHra11.D. 28 ray6V11 (ax 533 nyneverax 9 6p0l:-lenoe3..l1peKTOpl1l:O KO' MaHO J-laUI1Ol-J.llYlow. opr3Hl133UHl1 rrpI1HUHapMH~ Y l3J1aCTl1 COCT3B apMI1H npa«lf3cre. nOLl. nonxa Heana Ecayn Iemstana Il. apMHH YB P YBeJl V!'. B ee 35 TbIC_ WTbl KOB 11. 6 6pOI-!eaBTOM061~)]HX 11 26 ca"WJlerax.HecTPOBCKYIO 19 (nOCJIe. 24 .- TO)1bKO 0cPl1UepCKl1e 14 YHTep-0q:H111epcKHe xan- OTneJIbJ-JOro . nemo 1918 e.J CPPOHT)_ l1.ei1CrBYloLUaH JJe 1919 Hee LI.BM3Y1H.Ilocne nop3. J1eToM 1919 C zcp.)KeHIMI B 60Pb6e C 60JlbWeBHKa.K KOMaH.llHBI13 11.KOHTPOJIb11 lJJ1C)leHHOCTb l-IaH . y anocs r.llHHe 6brJUr 11. crpensuoa).eH- BJlaCDf Il.1l1~peK OpHH. Kpoue roro. omeJIbHYIO KOHHble 2 xopnycasrx KOI-I H blX Taapu-recxyro rreuryto 6pa- rnopa.llHBH31110)} B L1.oTO leBbI 13 KOHue B TeppHTOpl111 1920 r. Kaescxoa).llHBl131110 «CI1 He)f(ynaHI-IHKOB» nropsre 1-1:0 KaJ3UKO-CTpe.lleWcTBYIOLUeH COCT<lBe 6blJl VI pacuurpnnacs. lJeJIOBeK fioesoro COCTaBa.y H 1 nYJI"eMeTHYIO aanacusre -rac 8 TbIC_ urrsi- 1 KaBaJIepHHcKYIO fiparany 10I-lKepCKY.1: Ha OCHOBe Teppl1TOpHaJIbHOrO C 3Tl1M VI B COOTseTCTBMI1 nnanox KOHHI1UbL sa pa 1K!1 L1.LI. <DpaHKo. nepeopourenu 3pMHH uaxane Ha rpeapana B HaLJa- eoacsoasre fiypcst aHTI160JlbWe- nexoru xopnyca). 3anOpO)KCKoi1 KypeHH BOJlbIHCK0i111 nOOJlbCKOH HM. 10 TbIC.EPJKABA 1-10 . (n0311.rOTOBI1JIH HOBbIt! arrpene r.nax.i.B.l1lOJI5! 6blJl W.I1peKTOpl1H H3CC!lllrusana ecero J 5 TbIC.J!!BH311M.I-IY ap- opraanaa u-no. 0 Bce063aKOCO- l(I1BH3Hi1 HOA6p51 renvlaH3 1 6pluaabl BOYIHCKOt'1 o6H3aHHocTH. Cennucxoii (HJII~ .1 pOBaJlOCb nOJlKOB. JIeUKYIO 3111:0 1 uJTa6 apMl111 nepssre B na-rane B Mae - rapra ccl)opMl1poBa.11- YKPAI1HCKAfi v136paHHblH )I.9 TbIC_ o¢. BHCTCKl1i.3 H 249.HBI13V1V1I nOHTOHHblX ocensro CKYle ornensayio KOHI-lYJO xypeurt.D. Cesepnyio (Opano6epe>KHYJo).Y.Ee B .bl. nOJlHOCTbl:O soennyro 011.pause: 8H3HIO»).Vle JJ.H 6brBW. . orpsna CI'NeBbIX OcaLlHbIH Kopnyc QepHoMopcKoi1.CJIeJ-lHOCTbIO 60JIee .IO)f(HYlO H ..eKa6pH. UJKOJl. raay. Il.. 4 19 r..I1M Boi. 175 reuepanos npyrnx BKJlIO'-!HTb 14. YH P 11 feHepaJlbHblM nnau H1133U111Operynspuoti npe6blBaHVl51 THlJ CK.LI.131110<CepYIO « Ml1HHCTepCT130 «cepoxynaunaxoe»).HOjij LlJI~ KOHHHUbl. )KaHn3pMCKYTO LIH.H CJIY>K6 bl.IO TVI o6ruei1 KOB vi cafierrs. CeY]1. cKoi1LI:ep>K3Bbl )J(1IIJ1 ero Boennoe rra.epbl yqpe. HaKaHYHe Cnep)f(eHHH JH1)J.llEOUKYIO .) r. oq)l1UePOB LUlH apTl1J1JJepHH C¢OpMHpoBaTb ]I{ H no OD.Tl.e. TeppHTOpI1H. COB.

HoHocU.r:{OJDKeH 6bU[ BOHTI1 B COCTaB raxxe apxaa.PbJ B xoprrycax. rroaanee KpbIMY. 10) xOPY"JICeZO. noeans« U ltapYKa6Hoe taumse: 2) ai)MUpaA06 rjJJloma. lJPH Hexoropue raxxe 6billU l13 HI1X YWJlH 06pa30BaHbI (ChI. xopafineii.r:{I1BWI1X B COCTaB YKpaHHCKl1X C11J1 11 BbIITOJlH5IBIUHX Orp5I. LJaCTb )!(e OCraJIaCb B Tervaae c. ITOMep)!(KY Bep60BKe DeJIblM B Hl1X OPY. 3) eeuepasssoeo 3Ha'lK06020. neXOTHbIX crapori l1 IiJ. 1) eutuumas II. )KeHHbIX parensusix 139 neWHX soopy- I. pOBaBlUHXC5I B CeSaCTOITOJIe 11 SXO. 8) 4eiimeHallm06. KOHHblX . 6oenpl1rraCaMl1 Cxoponancxaa nae B oKTH6pe 1918 r.n: r.llOB.r:{U- POCCHl1.IT. BMeCTe co BHOBb Cc!>0pMliJ. 7) ecayna.e-aiJMupwz06. 5) M4IC061lUKaj 6) 60iicK060Z0 cmapWUltbl. B HaLJaJIe HOH6p5I Hbl. 9) MU'IMaIt06. 4) IColtmp-aOMUpaA06j 5) tcanumauoe I paliza.n:HBlUHX rHJIPOKpeHcepoB. 29 cocras ranu arrpens cynax 1918 6pHra. BoeHHo-MoPCKOii fjJ40m: 3M6J1eMa Ita n020Hax U pyicaeax aiJMupwz06.UO XOL(l1JIa KaL(paMI1 apMl15IM odnnrepoa. 4) 2eHepWZblIOZOxopylt. 7) cmaptaux JI. CTaJIU 11 3ltaICu Pa:JAU'lUJI apMUU YICpauHcICoii j(epJICa6b1. apMl1M. B nepnon rer- peopranasoaam.eB. KpOMe 'roro.'JICezo. 3) 6uu.r:{IOUKaH JUfBW31iJ. xpeacepoa. OT. )lHBH3l1H MI1.n:PY)£(Hl cyw:eCTBOBaJIl1 eute 86 KOHHbIX rex. OKa3bIBaJI raxxe l1 T. 14) 4aHK06020. senoae«.31111 .llHBI1311JIX.OPMWPO- Cep. naeouu: 2) eenepasenoeo 6ylt'lYJICIt020.r:{eJIbHbIH OTP5IL( Cl-PIeBbIX CTpeJIbUOB 11 SHOBb Cq. 13) POii06020. B KPyrrHbIX 1918 e. 12) 'lOm060Z0. YKpaI1HCKl1H c!>JIar 6bm 6a311B 6pl1- nOL(HHT aa rpex qepHoMopcKoro JlHHeHHblx 6pHral(bl rpnora. 8) comnuxa.pOBaHHbIMJ1 Fervaa 60 TMC. CyxonymHble 60ucICa: MeCTlfblX oxpaxaux KOMeH)laHTCKlIX CPYHKUHl1 coxa- 1) KOKapiJa. ITpUKa3aJI xoprryca - nasars cpOpMJlpOBa11. J 1) 6ylt'lYJlCHOZO. BXO.HbI. B xenono- H05I6pe 'II1CJIer·[J-IOCTb apMHW Iervana lOra . 10) ICopa6eJlbllbU 2apiJeMapuHo6. 32) II .3 PYCCKHX Ocofioro oqnntepoa l1 IOHKepOB (8 n011KOs) ypoxeauea roponax KOTOPbIH . 6) xanumasoe II panea. 15) ICll3aICa. B KOMaH. B HOBOPOCCHllCK. C03L(aBaTbCSl(06pOBOJIbLJeCKHe ocpHuepCKHe .llHOM COCraBe KOTOPblX 6blJlO MHOrO pycCKMX odiauepos MaHWl1Hbl 6blJIM 3anopmKCKa5I saaa BeK). 9) 3Ita'lK060Z0. novoras cHaG)£(a5I apTI1JlJlepl1HCKHMH HMl1.r OTL(eJ1bHa5I «Cepaa- IH1B 1iJ. 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 YKpaI1.5I(OK0110 5 TbIC.eiimellaltm08.

1918-1919 1919 r. 00HOKO B uacmsx «a tppoume 110Z0flb/ C nenmo-ocauu npuscueanucs 11110XO U tionee WUpOKO 6bUlU pacnpocmpasenu nutio mpexueemnue (UJIU npocmo tienue) nOeJl3KU «Kaumcenuma». nputcas 06 ycmaH0611eHUU rjJOPMbl ooescObl u 3HOK06 P0311UtfUfl 3cmofl23 uapma 19192. n020Hbt U napykaenue n08fl3KU. CTapwHH apMHH. Ha H02ax . IT.tcpaeu npotl380Jlbf1020 pun Ha eopomnuxe uuenucs snaxu PaJnuuus: e euoe 3eeJOO'leK. no atipucy «anouunaeuiue 3ee30Y_ HlOIO).nU I11ClKue »ce nozonu. Y otiep-otpuuepoe eoon» n020Ha tuna npooons«as: U3eUIIUCmOJI nO/lOCKa. EcIlpeHTop 2.fla HOU. B nontipe 19182_ tiun eeeoe« »cecmsnoii 3H{[K HG 201l0eHb/X y6opax. 6WlU eeeoenu nenmo-ocu HOU.UOnansnux ueemoe. llu60 mpexueemuue yenu «a xomopoii 6blllU poenonoxceuu uemanaunecxue Kpy. PR006ble NOCUIIU 2IlaOKUe CBemIlOCUNue noeosu 6e3 6bll1yWKU. Yllei1menasma U »uuiopa «a n020HOX 6blllO OOHa 3ee300ltKO. 80ICPY2 CKOU HOPOOflOi1 0PMUU tiun u30aH C02. Bsuieape 1919 e.?ICKa C nameuiicxoii ICoKapooii U pyccxoe eoopyscenue. «acmo npueoouetueeo K HeoopC13YMeHU. YHmep-otpuuepoe U otpuuepoe ocma8aJlUCb PYCCKUMU. 1 nameuiicxoeo nexomuuua «umens U CHapflJICeHUe npOU3eOllbN020 otipasua. B «asecmee CUMeO. JIeiITeHaHT aCToHcKOR HapO. Y ynmepoipuuepoe B HUJICHeii lfaCI11U n020- otipasua. HO euecmo eOJlNoo6p03HOii nOIlOCKU y NUX 6blllO 3U23a2006pa3Hoa. 1919 r.no npuKo3y. na naiaueanacs nonepesnas nupa- . «M 5.1. eenepanu UMe. PYCCKGJI noneeas rjJypa. nexorsr JIaTBHHC. NO HOcOX. Ha eopomnuke . KOKOPOOU.flM. I1x omnu'fUme. apnunnepucmoe U 'IUflOfJ tiponecacmeu. aCTOHC. Ilexoraneu 3. na pysaee nOfJfl3KO 3cmOHCKUX «auuouansnux ueemoe.y.. BOOPY)KEHHhIE CMJIhI JIATBMHCKOH H 3CTOHCKOH PECIlYEJIMK.JlHOU apMHH.essanue «ynxu. nOKCl30Nnuu na puc. n020flbt .ICKU.KOH HapO. 2. «a nOcOHOXc 6YKBOU «E» cuse-nepno-tienue flOWU8KU_ rjJYPOJIClCaeoenuoeo BpeMeHU C HOuuosanseoi. na BOpOn1liUIce . ON npeOCma811f1J1 c060ii «pyeayio 3C/110HCKYJOKOKapoy (om uenmpa K KpOIO . «Soomusav10/« Toonela» (<<EpoNe08n1OM06t1J/b/ « Toonena. 1918-1919 Y u306pClJfCeHH02o na puc.3HaKU P03JIU'fUJl. 0 «ameeo- Y cmapuieeo neumenasma (puc. nanpustep: «Soomusrong/ «Kapten Jrw» («5pOfienoe30/<<Kanuma« lipe»).llGCHO smoMy npUKa3Y. C 3M61leMOii «acmu Me.MU 3HaKaJl1U 3cmoHcKou sapoonou apMUU nensIIUCb «otcapou.tipumanCK020 muna. HO neeo» pyKO(Je 06MYHoupoeaHUJI OOIlJ/CeH6blll npuiuueamecs tueepon Y2II01l1 eeepx UJlU eHU3. Soomusrongs U rr. y wma6otpuuepoe . e O/11J1UIfUmellbHbt.IlUCb 6ellble nOBR3KU NO /le(JOJl1 pykase C YKa3ClNueJI1 uouepa U!lU naseaflUfl tipouenoesoa (tiponeaemomo6UJlf/. Ha n020Hbl mOIC'JlCe npuxpennsnucs cneuuansnue 3NaKU nynememsuxoe. tiponeaemouotiuneii tiun ooem B Ilosouee uuenno U3-3{[ cxoocmea C KpaCNoapMeUCKOU 3ee300u. 3) 'lUIiO 0603HO<tOJlaCb HO ceemnoCUflUX nozonax C 6eJloii eunyuocoii no PYCCKOMY 06pC13u. 3cmOfICKW{ nexomuneu.UOHOllbHOii npuflooneocnocmu B800UIlOCb oeansnas cuse-uepuo-tienas «otcapiia B «CUflNUU»_ KpOMe m020.KOH apMHH. «omopue Ollfl ecex IfUHOB npULUUBaJlUCb «ym» eutue HUJICfleZO spa« nOZONa. JIlepeuu otpuuuansnsu. (eSponenoesd M 5»).3H{[KU PCl31lU<1UJI tppeiimopa.flbflbIMU 3HOKOMU flBIlf/. ooemux 8 rjJOPMY 6blfJUleii pyccxou apmuu. NO no 60KOM om Nee 6bfJIO no 00HOU npsuoi! nonocxe.makan »ce nOIlOCICO. y cmaptueeo neiimenanma u noonOIlKoeHUKOOBe.JlHOH I. Ollfl otpuuepoe 8BOOUIlUCb «epnue eopomnutcu U matcue »ce OKOllblUIU c 6ellbiMU «aumauu. f10UleHUe smoii 3J1161leJl1bl 6bfJIO omMeHeHO_ Y MH02UX «apoooapueuuee.)ICoy Y2JWMU.tieso-nepno-cuPYKOBOX. uueem nonnoe pycctcoe 06MYHoupoeoHue. y KanumOHa lfemupe. 3HaKU P0311UlfUfl na eHOBb eeeoennux n020Hax PflOOBblX. uuenucs satuumnue nozoHbl npescneu 3cmoHcKoii OU(JU3UU C UJu¢poeKoii «E» »cenmoeo (UJIU CUJ-le(0) ueema U nouepou nontca B UX HUJICHeii «acmu. MUOOllbflafl U3eUIIUCma51 1101l0CKa. y tumatic-xanumana U nOIlK08HUKO mpu. CHOpflJICeHUe . JIU'tJ-lblii cocmae tiponenoesooe OCHOBHOM e kopomtcue nonytuyticu U eepseancx ue KaCKU.).

.

NOCUIlU «embipeXY20flbllbie ulGnlCu .pyCCKOH. l(uflbl tienopyccsux «acmeu JlUmoecxoii apuuu flOCUJlU eepuanckoe 06MYIJdupooaflue.JICau iJllR tienopycckux ompsdoe U otipasoeana cneuuansnyto KOMUC- l1aWU(JKU Hau. e ICO(]QJleplJU. NO C 00tiaenenueu sonomou Jl06P060ii eem= 6U nosaou nemnuu «a eopomnuse.epCKUe «un« 0603HO'iOJltlCb IlUUlb cepetipsIIbfMU HaUlueKOMU «a pytcaeax.UX nOHBUIIUCb rjJypa.lU nnemenuii UJ/fYp.»cataue e noo06Hou ynudops«: 110R2006p1l3I1a. JIHTOBCKHH neXOTHHeu" 2.UOJlOllbNbIX ueemoe.o.)lCeIlHblU ItO puc. Iloeonu . nemnuuu tues«.«epuue C «pacnu« OICOllbIUleM. n020Hax U no eopomuuICy.)ICIW «Mau. cepan. 8 1C1leaJ1epUU. e nexome LfepJlbIMU. J): rJ>ypaJICKo aH2I1UUCKO. C moeo . no nemnuuu HUICO U 110JlK08HUICa - au- B 19192. MYH()up muna rjJpeH'fa. Ha otconsuae . mpeyeonsnue nemnuuu «a eopom- X()me - neumeuanma.flblUlU rjJypo. ueema MYIIoupa. moecsuu nexomuneu uueem cauo- 'IUHOe 6bl. Ha pYIC06e . Y opuuepoe NO eopomnukax ce- petipsnue oonou 36e3iJO'flCe. Eouncmeeuuuu O/11J1U'fUeM odiuuepcxoi: tuunenu om COJ1damCKOii 6blll0 mo. e «a- y nexomunuee - cepue. G y «aeanepucmoe .«pacHblMU. KOK «a MyHrJupe. J1urjJopMau. smo nepean 6blJ/G iJ8y60pmHou.6eJ1b1MU.tlbllOe 06MYHiJupo6allue. CaM OICOJlblW U eunyuucu .)ICe ueema 6blilU eunytutcu Ita tpypaxocax. XOPYH>KHH Feaepaasaoro Ilfrafia apMHH. POTMHCTp 1918-1919 rr.«uaueii10(JICU».LfepHbIMU. eanepuu - tenuuu. OICOllbIUIU: Y Ulma6NbJX «epnoeo tiapxama. Odiuuepckue cjJYPOJICfCU uaesu Hai} K03blPbICOM cepe6pRH1. I JlU- B y2l1GX nemnuu y odiuuepos npu«penannucu sonomue 36e3do'tKU: y no l16emy poiJa eoiicx: e neJlCeJlmbJe (noumu oponJICeeue). IlblU npoetcm YIlUrjJOPMbl ompnooe Ilepeue tienopyccxue eoeIHIOC/lYSBK (puc. Y nexomu 6b1JlU tpypaxacu C 6eJlbtMU OKOJlbIUJOMU.mpeyeonsnas I1GUlU6Ka nauuonassnux ueemoe.cepue. mo »ce «acaemcz U Eenopycctco-Jlumoecxou apMUU.)ICeepeMeHU 3HaICU pasnusun ynmep-odiuuepoe (no ueemy pooa eoucx) cmOAU n 6E. 6 ee cepeouue 3M6J1eMa «fi020HR» (m.JlCelC. ecex notiopmnoii. 61leMOU «fi020HfJ». C 19192. 6PU20iJlibJU eeuepan UMeJl meJlUIO-KpOCHble nemnuuu C 30JlOmOU oxanmoexoii U 2ep6oM «Bumuca» 6 ueumpe.1920 rr. y paseeosurna.lleHf1'lO'tKa liau. 1919 r. Yo¢uuepoe HG eopomuuxe mpeyeonssue Y Iweallepucmo6eonytiue. T02da »ce 6blJl (]BeGeH HO(]bJU otipaseu ICOKapGbl .nel·JU5IX KpacllbfMu.KpaCHbie U m.u . HUKax U eunyuoca no otiuuaeax U no201lOX.J10PYCCKOM:HAPO~HOii - PECnY6JlHK. Ha ux eopomuukax ° y . Koe n0J1110CmbJO 3aUJ.maxue »ce. eusuonuuii . 6UIJmOeICa . Y apmunnepucmoe . KPOCUy/O (]btnYUJKY HO 06UI. puuap« sa «one) e eeioce U3 rJy606blX IIUCmbe6. «a KpaCliOM r/JOHe cepetipsna» eutauman 3M6J1eMa «fi020IlH».UH 0 cneuuanutux 3M6f1eMax JAJl 6en0PYCCKUXnOIlK08 i)U8U3UU omcymcmeyem.mOKOlO JICe ueema. e apm unnepu. «a OKOJlblWe Hau. Jl1fTOBCKOU apM1fH.»cenmue. Y ecex 2epMaHcICo20 06PG3u. y conoam - Oe. SBK nputotna petue. Y «aeanepuu. m020 .epCIW20 cocmaea. cmaptueeo neiime«anma U «anumana .ewoeKU» C neumoii «a OICOJlbllUeno ueemy pooa eoiic«. 8mopOH . numoeckux 80eHHOCf1Y. Y CmpeJIK08 ONU 6bl.UOHOJlbl1aH xotcapda. OrjJUlI. natuueamscs na eopomnuxe. oeJlOPyccKOH 3. KpaCHO-3eJleHO-30JlOmoii (om uenmpa IC «pato) C tienu» «BumUCOM) 8 uenmpe. KaK e nOllbCKOU apMUU.C 3MmOM patiomu J16U11CHpeocmaene«n . Boennocnyscauiue 6eJ10PYCCKliX nOJlIC08 3anarJIlou cmpentcoeou i)u(JU3UU C ocen U 1918 2.110 OONOU seesoo-oce. Senopyccxue eycapu (puc. C 8blf1YUlKaMU.1. PesynsmaJ1ble nemnuut». y uauopa.flU 6eJ10-lCpacIl0-6eCWO no ee paspatiomxe. Ilyeoeuuu . 2) uuenu tienue nemnuuu U OICO.fI020X U noeonax U tiunu 600py»cenu nUlCaMU C tieno-spacno-tieIlblMU rjJlll02epllMu.umU020 t{6e- 'Iep'i020 CYICUll C MaIlUH08bIM OKOllbl- KpOMe m020. BOOPYXEHUblE CHJIbI JIHTOBCKOH 1918 . n00I10JlIW6mOJICe no 6bU/U C 30JlOmOU okanmoetcou.JICaUJ. C eunyuacauu: (J tumatiax .od- nemnuuu. cepuii. C cepe6pRHbiMU nOIlOCKaMU (J «a-teemee 31WKOB pasnueu» ynmep-otbuu. 1919-1920 6eJJOPYCCKHX rycap rr. J1306pa. lllunens . «ue eeecmu ocotiyto tjJOPMY oiJe.o. c sunyuocauu: (J eUIIUCb na ynuuax BUJlbHO U MUI'ICICO JUma6HblX U mexnusectcux noopase «asane flOJl6pfl 1919 2. e nexome .tienue.flU U3 Csapsocenue (Je.e. II.UOlltlllbHblX ueemoe.OHa cmana ICPYi!l/oU. 20lly6ble eopomnuk U 06UJlla2a.meMUOcuneeo cytcna C »cenmuuu OICOllblUleM U 8bmYWICaMU «a MYl1iJupe.

II! .

APMIH.HOH CTpeJleU.II.HOti PECnYEJIIIKU.CKOO YKpaHHhI UeHTpaJJbHOH ~opMe. 4). «omopue noOonatco YJICe e xosue oeICa6pff 1917 l. Uima6bl C - 201ly60ii. 06ulUeICY U3 J/CeJlpOG saxoeyio nOXOOHYIO cjJOPMY Poccuii- (YHA) . apMUU 001lJICHbi 6blJIU no 6e3 npescnux nou nemnuu Pooa eoiic« u uouep «acmu 0603HO'IOflUCb HO eopomuutce .lciJbl YHA My 6blfla uana Ilemniopu (puc. nony'1U8lU(JJ1 ceoe naseattue om CUHelO ueema . ICU: ne. 1918 r.eemNbtJl'lU (Wf/Hble tunu- «'lepHble tunuku KOHH020 ua IUOI1KOX. 06- nepeeopoma.xoma uax cauau no-npescueU flY'IUle pennux cmoponax »cenmuii. 1C0IIHO-20PHaH tiamapen nOflK.epKypeH" faH.Uama- Y20flbNUlCe» POM606UOflOll ¢OPMbl.lJ. e flU. npUKG30M uunucmepcmea YH P sa mue ckpetuennue Illeeponu na pytcaeax tiunu omuenenu. ClMeBOH. GNU flOCUIIU nanaxu C CUHUMU UlJiN/COMU U cunue »ce noscuue lUaprjJbl (npu napaol1017 diopMe). - KONfluu.KG3G'fbUX »cynanoe-syuapox 11 taapoeap.aMaU. cums Bee «omopue «uu« »cenmu« etae u 1C01i110- tueeoeo amauaua Kocmu Fopouemco nontca . 1918 .. apMuii YH P e eUJlY p03/lU'fflbIX 06cmosmesscme eunonnnnucs oaaeICO fie {JPUK03bl 110 rjJopMe OaeJICObl PG31~a (puc. uueetueu 110 08yX eoeuymux enym- otconsamensno ycmanoeunucs ueema eunyiue«.npeKTopnn.LJ. Panbl 2. O~Hu. NO KOI-IU. xomopux 6blflU nputcpennenu 30110- / anpeas BoeHHOlO ee uunu 2011 «apoonoi.1920 rr.«pac«ue uoisucu /loiiiJoMoKu flDCUJlU eopomnukax. B «auecmee oonocnocmnux snaxoe P0311U'lUfl ucnonssoeanucs cepetipnnue lue6- POHbl (pa3I1U'fHOil IllUPUHbl.aMaKoB B nOxO. OonanpUK.-«CHlfelKYflaHHHK» ~opMe. C nemenucauu U 6e3 NUX) 8 eui)« yena. U odiuuepu refle- AKaoeMUU eanepuu > meu - U dpyzux cneuuansuux «ac- oee catiau. COTHHK fiarapen 3-0 JKeJle3HOH . 3f1aKaM n020HbL pa3J1U'1Ufl C »cenmo-cunuuu nenmoiocauu HO eonoesux ytiopax . a 8 OC06blX cnysanx . Ilpu Ilupexmopuu (1918-192022') 3NaKU pasaueu» NOCUflU «a a cjJOPMOooe. YHP BO BpeMJI .J/ceflmble UlflblICU na cepux nanaxax. Bee smu 0603HO- unxcenepnue - «acmu - «enusi tiunu coenauu mpadiapemNblM cnocotiou. 1919-1920 rr. Koxapoa 6blfla »cenmo-cufleli. 17 oeIC06pfl 1917 2. otipatuennoeo eeepx. Koucanoe tiuno eepuanckoeo 2. naunacoe. OflR 1(0nepuu pansnoeo otipasoeanueu «pacuuii. Ieseoansnsu. U cjJOpMG matcsce U xpacuue KOJICYUlteU). HI. crpeneu 1-" ~opMe. .ll. C MOMelimo otipasoeanun ytcpaUl:ICICUX «acmeu ux (JoeHI'lOCflY.Koro nepHO.lCuii OPyOUfi (ux 1'10Poccuuckoa OpMUU «a KOf.HOH CnqeBOO 1918 r.OflUI:INble . 31taKU passu-no: e eude <:aIIYflNblX nOflOCOIC U nHmUY<:OllbHbIX 3ee300'feK noueuianucs 1:10 nemnu- ooeoco« 3liGICU pG3flU'1WI 6bll/U enoes usueuenu. Ollf! nexomu . apMnu.oee ctcpetuenuue eunmoetcu.ICHeM NOMep UI/U N038aIlUe'1aCmu. Ilemntopbl 6blJ/Q ycmauoenena epeuenuan cjJ0PMO 06MYHaUpOBQHUfl ICOU U 3HOKU pa3J1u'tufl.LJ.»cenmoCNGpffJICeHUe ecex «acmeii pa3f1006jJCI3NOU. npU1W30M BOLlcteOe020 IenepOl/bH020 Cecpemaps C B.UBH3nH. Oflff apmun- 8 :JfCU3Nb ecneocmeue 2emMOfiCKOlO teo »mom lllma6a .6eflblii.LJ. u nO::JlnOJl'IY Jl'lfiOcUe cosoanuue Ilenmpaasnoii Paooi: «acmu 1i0CUflU ceoto coticmeennyio cjJOPMY 'ftlfIMU. no muny cyuJ..LJ. «epnuu. ootiaeue ICO eceu euiueyxa3aHHbiM 2oJly6ble mOM. teOMu no eaiioasuucu. Bee uocums oou- Ykpaunc- N9 142 1918 2. (euepnouuuwnncu») «aeanepucmu UMeJlU 'lepHble noasa«: u.1.03 He 6bIJ/ npemeopes nenuu YH P 6blfla 06MYHOUp06GflQ dueusus: «cunexcynannutcos». 1918 r. l) .?fC1]taue NOCUIIU pycckoe Mynoupoeal-Iue 1-10 C noxoonoe 06- Ytcpauncxoii Ilenmpaneeoii Paou H Ilopu: usuenun npWW3 om 17 {)e«atip«.IIIBH3HH«cHHe}KynaHHHKoB» B nOxO.a Kpa.CHbIX Koma l'3. YKPAUHCKOM HAPO)J.a - apmwwepUfl MOJiUH06blii m020 1C0Hmo: 8 8epXHeM yzny BOUCK..OfJIiUKO MM03080 . eceeoa.xpacnue uuuocu. raiidaMau. B napa. CUflU panee (I noeonax).iilr.HOO CJl060. 3. coeou- cunue tianm« na epydu. nemnuu U tunuica uian80pOm1:lUKa. Cexpemaps co cneuutpuxecsueu nanpumep 0/111/U- ueueanucs na npaeou PYKGee esuae 1I01Cmfl.LJ.LJ..na CUNeM CYICONHOM ((/'/0CICOU apMUU. 3.GX OOflJICflbl 6blllU YHA. «CHHellQ'naHRoH» 4.ecmeoeoeuJUx 6 POCCUiiCKOil 0PMUU. uuenu teO- .

In .

na UUX 6b1. 110 c zemuan. 311aKaMU pasnusun U ueemoeoii 2aM. A.eemy eanyua.epcK. Ha puc. BO'pOmnUK. OHU ne uuenu npoceemoe.ll1ma6a y Iemuasa . ux npaKmU'LeCKU lie lIOCUflU. (I OCfl06HOM lWMaH. otiseeunennsu: 'tun nopyxuxa U iumatic-xanumana) t.n.'LIOT3.uml-lble. C 6bmYUJKO'U no ueemy UflU euoy pooa eOUcK. I-51 (HJJH (nopYQeHeU-3)1.M KUM npu60poM Jl.fl 19182. 6e3 31iOK. KD3bl- u CKJ1aOlCaMu. neiimenasma rjJJloma 11 PYCCICOU MOpclCau aemneii r/JopMe.a6 pasnuuus: noeosu.pY2a C IlYl.JlUH06b1ii C 30flO'mun.faMU U H. flo HU3Y eopomnUKG U na l(. PfI006b1e Ka3aKU npo(Jo/lJICOJIU (JoNaUlu6amb cmapyio ¢apMY Pocauicxou apMUU c 2efllMOfICKUMU «otcapoauu. 3 3l1a'1. 2 U306paJICeH ecayn 8 MyfJiJupe C 3aCme.1la·eeeoeua KPY2na» eunytcaas: lwKapiJa e euae MHa2U€ arjJuu. nsmuo XIlRcmUKOM nY20BU/.Il. no uemannusecxue 38e300'lKU na nux 6b1JlU ueema.8. a euecmo HUX ua 2O'JIOeHbLXy6apax UMeJlUCb 06~e60ucK06ble 2emMaHCKUe KOKapobl. 6b1.iY YtlWjJOPMbl cmapoii PaCCUUCKOU apMUU. 6 ocnoenou. 3mu na20HbI uuenu aoun UAU oea npoceema u pa:M600UOHble 38e300"lKU 2ep:ManCKO20 muna OJ/Jl ofio3fta'leHUJl "IUHoe.JlepUU .peHIJ CO cmonse-omnoxcnuu 80pamHUKOM.e c napaOflblMU zemMaHCKUMU n02aHOMU. 6 Ka8G.' y He2O' KOK.020 u.xpanoeuii C 30flombI.0J1.8 'IHHe (JleTlUUI cIJOPM3).Ka6bIU (m .HT . eeapduu suenucmepcmea. Y otpuuepoe if. 8 nexome MG. ] .fIUCb: .!I. IV. mOJICe cepa-CUHUMU.HT3 c1JJIOTa 2.«pacIlbtU C 30JlOmbiM. (a ne «a 9. 6 apmunnepuu .)ICKOii «a 12 nemem.JI. no C ueemsuuu 6b1nYUI1CaMU no paOaM U eUOaM eDUCK.3aKa6 ycmanaenueanacs sauium30J10mbl.apOa-«30[JJt» u «ucmue.. CKUMU nOZOflaMU U KO'KapOOU. CJ>ypaJICKu OAR Ka3a1<.epbl U f. «a« no npuuasy}. 6 UIOH. Ilpuueemou U uemannueec- tumatioe.EP)l(ABhI.JlCeJlmbiU C Koneos Iemmana.M. JIapaonble xnunoeuonue noeonu 6b1Jlu O'ieUb noxoocu ua ueueutcue . no 06pa3/.ue satuumuue n02DUbi H06a20 otipasua . m. HecuompJl «a mo. OU6U3UU 6W1U npuceoenu KOKapObl-«30PU». na «omopoil 6b11l U306paJICeH eepti YKpaunbi mpesytieu: HeCICOflblCO n030nee e apMUU noseunucs orjJuu.e.u. rToo06Hble n020HbI HOCU/lU IJUHbI BoeuIW20 2pyiJHblMU «apuanauu.MOU noeon. spanoean 6bmywKG no eepxy 60pomHUKG (a fie no /{U3y.bpeOKO'.1.ICIIUlt06UOHOU rjJOpM. KJ1UflOeUOnau r/JoPMbI. Ha puc.Ma. 06pamH.iaMU csaou U 'leC «nananauu «uexnu» pe« . Coenacno ycmaey otpuuepu OallJICflbl 6W1U socums rjJpefJlJu C ueemnou eunytuKOU U 2emMOfICKUMU nD2O'HaMU. «uexaanu»: mpey20flbHUlWMU «a 06UUta2ax U XlwcmUKOM C3G(JU.e. C npuIW30M.'LIOT3HT) feTM3H3 3. «mo lIlma6y Iemuana u '1U1laM Cepotouxoi.a (U/lU 3-u) «aeanepuucxoi.0JlCelllwu na ueeo cuneii cepoueeuHOU.KOJICGH.iJHD- 2UMltaCmepK.OHU UMeJlU noneeue nD20HbI u O'lJeH. OUI1U3UU U 6puC cepe6pJIltblM (2 U 4-J1 OU6U3UU). Iloeoflbl 3aUJ. 20' a U «nananu UMeJlU eunyuocy npuKJlOon020 ueema. aUeU3UU epycCKO'iJ tioauuun- u J-JI.UBH3HH. APMIUI YKPAHHCKOH .napaonue. Ha puc.aotsomanm e IJUHe cocmaea - aM rjJempDebiU. 1918 cmeo eeuepanoe cosoansux diopscupoeanuii uuenu 2emMaUCKY/O 06~eapMeucKyJO rjJ0PMY. mupsus: «apuanauu cnepedu. Ecayn n. JleHTeH3.M eaoa) uau (J eemcmeuu naxeuuuacmepea C natuumuuu fla- »cenmozo K. 21 aeeycma 6bUJa eeeoena 0'6uieapseeiicxa« rjJop. NJI.1lsonomoii unu cepe6pHubiu 201ly!1 (6 3al1UCUMOCmu am pooa unu euoa (JOiiCK) C eiuumod e He20 eonytioi: numsto.JwnOHOX KapMOfL06 eunyuoca npUKIlOOHa2a ueema. PfliJ06b1X KG. rjJypaJICKu 6pUmaHCKO'20 otipasua ueema xaxu C eemuaucxou KOKapaoii U »eenmoii eunyuacou (maxan »ce I1blnYUJKa tiuna U na cepa-cuI-lUX 6puiJJlCax). eunyiaex U «anmoe.06 U odiuuepo« 6pumaflCKa20 otipasua. U KJ/aiJHbI. KaK 6 npUK03e). C saspyeaennuu eepxnuu «paeu U eblnywKau no ueemau po00'6 U/lU euooe eouc«.&aYJI (8 oaHHOM caysae aOOlomaum-naPYIJeHeuJ Iemuaua poeanue Illmatia Iemuana e coom- nocun 06MYHou- .bl. C eunyuacou npuKflOOUO'2O' ueema ua mynse. Caoponancsoro. no 11 IIYIJWeM CJly«ae ..blii unu Illapoeapu OM Ka3aKQ6 6bUl~Ucepo-CUHUMU. 3HaQXOBbW 3-51) KaBaJIepHHCKoH )J.

.

OOfty.UMU: nexoma . fOJIOBHOrO ATaMaHa. Y tiyaaenoi. 3 . ua« 1919 2. 60e1iHOCflYJICaw. YKPAHHCKMlAPMIDI IIEPHOM . noononxoe«ux . B Haoolten~ poeiaune .aJle IJnepBoe . J. Ita .OPMY OOeJICObl u 3HalCU pQ3- tiynaenas cmapuuiua - tuupotcue mJ4u (. (30. Snasu pa3JlU'1U5l paCnOJla2aJ1UCb 6 HUJlCHeii «acmupysaea.3.e:' 2eflepG. c «syticam- eUflm06KU cucmeuu MOCUHa.epbl HOCU/lU. Iloocmapuuina om eucmyna U eutae . Q cmapuuuia .e. U tomunKU .3aw. y eesepanoe cepe6pRHafl «3y6'1amKa» uuena 30/10mylO nOOlUlaoKY.MM) nOJlOCKU C .aoxpasu 1919-1920 rn.UMeJlQ na XOJlOOHOM opyscuu JlCeJlmO-CUHue.emopas.bHblU uemap . ApTMJIJIepMCTYfA. Ha puc. Ka3aK OTpH. Y 2eHepaJIbH020 nopysuxa . U oaJICe 2paJICoaHcKYlO ooe:lK.umHaJl tPypaJfClw c M5l2KUM eepxou U m.flbHOU cmapuiun) peMeUiOK.0i1 KOKapoa YfA.J. Ha puc. Y 6YAaeH020 oecnmuuea .eHHbIMU 6YJI.apmunnepucm AU':Ul5I YrA. - Ka3aK Ompfloa eopomllilKie iMynoupa 2oAy6bte nemJlUl(bl. ae- cepuu. «etcomopue «acmu nonyuunu pYCCKue mpexnuueiinue «amsas tiuna «a sonomou npsuoy- IWMW> Ha80pomHUKe Pa3JlU'IUfl fla pytcaeax. Hao K03biPbKOM sene- oen ceouu npUKa30M ycmaq. a 6 Ka6QJlepUU .2. kaeaAepUfl .JlCObl IWK020a He 6bl1la eouH020 noxpo» U ueema. lleema p0008 60UCK 6WLU CJ1eOYIOW.MM) nnemeuue nOflOCKU c po3emKOU.liJy. B nexome cmaptuuucxue U noocmapiauucxue 3HaKU Pa3flU'tUfl HaUiUeaJIUCb HQ CUHIOIOnOOKflGOKY.cytconuas: «3y6'1am. I oxpanbl M)'HiJ. MYHno nospota noxo:« na aecmPUUCKUU . «a CYKOHHOU nOOlUlaOKe l{6ema pOOG eoiic«: y noocmapiuu« cepetipnnue nOAOCKU UlUPUHOU 6 MM U OJlUHOU 120 MM. cmapuuinu «(3y6~ «a otconsaae oup u 2eHepG.U]J08tI. 6 «aeanepuu U apmU/1JlepUU . nOAKoeHUK .ue YFA 6blAU 6blHYJICoeHbi «ocums pYCCKoe 06MYfloupoeaHue. sa- . nocWlU au-we pasuootipasnoe 06MjJlliJupOBClltUe. Y cmapuiux cmpensuoe .CUfiUU. TOflbKO 30 anpens 19192.lJ.epeM.canOeU. na 6opomuuKe . cmaptue- B KOHl1e npaBJleHflble 6 06MOmK.ocyoapcmeeHHblii cespemapuam eoeJtlibIX IW(JU/J 19192.: amauan. KOmopue UlWlU 6bl OOUHQK060e OIlJl eceu apMUU 06MYHoupoeaHue.oeYMfl CKpew.2. BoeHHOCAYJlCaw.eepoblM OKOAblUleM no ueemy pooa 60lkK. rO!106HOii y60p .OMJ. noneean »canoapuepus - cmpuiicxoeo noxpos.b/ na tuapoeapax.8-HaQ. «acmu YfA m. y eucmy20 oecsmnusa . OOfiaKO U3-3a omcymcmeus 00flOPOOfl020 CyKHa U MQCmepCKUX.HP. IIo.EKTOPHU. MAaOWafl cmaptuuna HOCWW na pyKaeGX sonomue nnemesue (6.cmapUUlftbl OHa OKauMllflflaCb WUPOKUM (3 MM) 30/10mblM UlHYpos«. oecnmnuxa .ll .IUU U3 FOJI08fl(R(} malWu »ce rjJypaJK:Ke C yxpauncxoii KOKapoou u .2.ny6blM oxonuuse»: Ha Amauaua e 06KOpU'IHee020 xaxu. e OCHoeHOM.MM) nOAOCKU c posemxoii ua KOHu...1l. V. apmU/1JlepUfl «pacnuu. a n03J1Ce u pYCCKue opyoun Pa3JlU'1f1btX 06pa3t1.1.OOHa nOJlOCKa 14 MM U noiJ Neu . C sue nanaxu. .1.IW» no ueemypooa 60i1CK.ue YFA 6billU eoopyocenu aecmpUUCKUMU BUHmOBKGMU cucmeuu Maunuxepa.JlCeJlmblU. 1919-1920 1919-1920 rr. 3QXea'leHflOe y npomuenuxa. 1919 f. Boopy:»eeHue U CHapRJlCeHUe PYCCK020 06pa3'1a.2o.I nOIlOCKa. cmpensuoe u noocmaplUU. y MJlaOweu.6 nexome. UiUPUHOU 6MM. co cmos'Ie~OmAOJICHbIM eopomnuxou. rjJopua ooe. 3. 19!. ApmUJlJlepuf/. ucnonssoeana aecmpuuc«ue. IIYKPAHHCKAJ[ rAJIH:QHHCKAH APMUJI (YfA).ZllX .Oe. e mOM uucne aBcmptuicxoe. 1918-1920 rr. eeuepaau . nopytu« .KOpOmKGfl. 3UM0i1 CmpeJ1KU U opuu.flI1MnaC.«opomxuu. Illunens .J.fl.NG JlCeJlmylO.H) U/JU sonomou (OMI 6YAa6H.nod iuupoxou nonoceoii etu« OOHa Y3KaR.U.e: '1emap/. meXflU'1eCKUe eoucxa MaJlUH06bIU.CUfle-301l0mble meMJlJlKU. rr. CMyUlKOYFA B aBcmpuiicKoil opa2YHclwU «ypmxe. U 3HaKaMU EPIOKU. y eeuepansnoeo comuuxa oee Y3Kue nOAOCKU no 06eUM cmopOHaM UlUpOKOii..tuupotcue (30.I.. 20AbHOU nOOIUlGOKe. comnuk .cepetipsuan nonocxa UiUPUHOU 14 MM.QBGMUHa KOHu.noJiKoBHMK nexoTblYrA.lJ. masueoce lcaHmbl na otiuua. 2.lJ.

v .

APMIn!. e mannuuecxuu npuso».fbUMU taapoeapax . Y nopyuutca na puc. «omopyto 110CW1U uacmu f'PY3UIiCKOZO opMeiiCK020 «opnyca e KOJUl. - npOU360JlbH020 60CmO'tl1020 Ita puc. KaKUNJlCariaMU 6blAU 800pYJICeHbl· 06p03t1.UX nOJlKO 6Ne HaOIlUOaJlOCb: 6uii MOAUflO60a PYPOJICKa c mpeus 6eJlbiMU ebmYUJlCaMU. VI. 3. nYJJeMeTHbJX sacrea a3ep6aH.MUU B PECTIYliJIHK. npunsmoe cjJOPMY coupauu» n020H C 6 T6UAUCU smo 0 OOUN mOKy/O J/e6eouflCKuil rjJOPMY.OBOHapTHJIJIepHCT 33ep6ait. eoii MUP080ii mypeutcux otipasua.lI fPY3. KOUflUma03e. n020N enpedb Oflfl /iUfl noeneuus noeou cjJOPMbt». u uepuue KOJ/COl/ble n.epKUeGA. no U opaeyncxux nonxoe Poccuiiccepue U 800pYJICettue. Ilocne 060f1eAeflUfl 26 sta» 1918 e.Otl.X '1WIOB UlUHeJW). m. OHU 6blJlU eOOPYJlCeHbi 6UHmOOKa. Py6ttamafl. pa tuanxa c «epuo-tieno-xpano(y otpuuepoe maxan 110 60JlbUle20 pasue- U OKpYJICeWlQfI JlCeJltnbIM«CUfI- pasuacs «a 3UflCKUX ntouuonnue eucmynnenun cosoam opuuepoe. .OiJ ap.e.lDKaHCKOH ' apMHH. soaomoii Me- paiiona eoeunux odsuuepa» ycma- OJ1f1HOUJeoeiicm- eucuuocmu oYIOUI. nputiopnoe OCH00I10M. m. maKUX »ce ueemoe «nananu ua 80pomHUKe nansmo (y IWJICHl/. Y flUJ/CIIUX «unoe 6b1l10AI·JeHflOfl neuamnoii »cenmoii «pacxoii no mpatbapemy) U MGllUIi080fl ebmYUJIW NO «Fps. Boopyscenue U CJWUmGAbRNCKOZO 06p03U. KOU oO(Joii cmpenox ZPY3UJICKOU aPMUU ooem 8 6eAYl0 (nemtooto) ZUMHacmeptcy. PH. ca6- flGXOOUOUJUXCfI e 200bl nep- IIUH06blMU «f.e 1917-NoL/alie 1918 2. cepedpsnas uiumas unu uaxnaima»..mYUJwlCKOJI eoil KOKapooii JlU paseedsu.. 11306paJICeliflbiU 3 Pfl- eanepucmu 3al. YKopO'teHHble cepue '1eplCeCKU (muna nJlOcmYHC- nepeoe epesu.UU.UXCfl epy- »ce 200a peeo- pnscenue nueu») . tienoe). 0 6J1Y3e ceemauu U tienuuu ObmYUlKaMU. Iloeonu uanuuoeue. 1919. euunacmepxy. K03a'lbeZO »ce «oxapoa. DOPY'IHK apMHH 1919.».lJ)KaHcKoH apMBH. poeauue OJlfl 3aUl. JlOtI MOJ1WlOOble 06UJUOK. 6H06b ctpopuupoeansui: f'PY3UHCICUii KOHHblii nonx nOJlY'fUJI noneeoe 06MYHOUUJUrjJP061C0il (KypcueoM)« aecmpo-eeueepcxoii F.1. HOUJeNUfi . Snatcu pasnusun U 06MYItOUp06OfluepyccICozo lIfi eoioiu 6 [OJ1UtI.1J.OflCICU. muna a3ep6aiiJICOflCIWU 2UMliGCmepKU pacnpocmpasesnoeo uacmsx.UmHY'0 tcoii Hunepamopckou 0PMUU. Pfl006blM n020Hbi c tieno« 6blflYUJKOU. KaK u y cmpenxoeux uacmeii POCCUUCKoii HMnepamopcxou apssuu. oeNb Ka30 «mo e tpeepane «npunsu« «acmsx». numepoii tieiauemu c tie- U MO- KypCUBOM zanpaenensue e eucoteue canoeu. 7 {Jflooeoil apmuanepucm apMUU (J coomeemcmeoeana mou. m020 POPMUPYIOUl.s (y atbuuepoe=« otipasua.lepan] npunsno cnsmuu npu- nmo sue taapoeapu ey 30 Nfl UJUHellU. HeSG- ooycma- eoeHHoCJIyJICOUl. maxue »ce. meuno-senesue C aJloii eunyuocoii xnananu eopomsuxa UlWleJ1U. i> C02JlOC- eWlmOeICGMU.I(EMOKPArnqECKOA 1919-1920 IT. twx) C cepuu« »ce Z03bljJJIMU nOZOfWMU C uuabpoetca PYCCKOZOmuna C UJUrjJP06KOii <<A3ep6audJICafl.O. f'Ol106HOii ytiop . 2. flOZONbl sonomue c MOJ/UN06bIMU npo- CyKHO (OJ[Jl eunytue« MGAWlO6ble »ce MOJlUIiOeoe Hapuc.e. ZPY3UHCICue cmpeaxoeue 0PYJICUflbl flOCUIlU «epuue 2PY3UNCICue UJonO'IKU.lIHCKOfi . 2PY3UHCKue «acmu UMesatuumnue n020Hbl C »cenmoi. Tax.». C 29 M([Jl 7976 Z.1I.uii ee odiuuepauu npuxas FpY3UU 2JlaeflOICOMal1CUJlaOmaOA MU eenepan Keuuumaose 0 603061100AefiUU eoopyJICeHHblMU nozo«.a. UJaUIKGMU U ceudemenscmeoean eenepall F. «eecuoii 19 J 8 zooa tionuaeeuss: CUll sno omKaK nusauu. 2 n020HbI muna. cepo-cuIlpuxasou eoesnouy eedoucm17 am 8 flfleopfl 1917 2. C/JOPMOooe:Jlcobl 2PY3UflCK. cepue iaapoeapu. On nOO'l.MU u KaOK03CKllMU HO OOHflblM KUflJlCOflOMU. PH. H. A3EPliAllJUKAHCKOH .OBOHCTpeJJOK rpY3HllcKOH 19l8-1921 rr. omOGA een.

VI .

cepe6pflHble.Koro C'I'peJ1KOBOro nOJIKa. Ha npeocmaennna otpuuepoe - uenmpe cmanu uocums na eopomnuocmposo- K.llWHH YHTep-ocimuep - nYJ1eMeT'JHK l-ro CTpeJ1KOBbiX qeXOCJIOBaU. 3. u C PYCCK.OU Ita 60pOmHUK. 4.1. otiuiumyto tieno- cmanu «ocumssa cjJypa:JICK.MU U UMeJlU nOCOHaMU coomeem- ]918 «opnyca. 2-u K. VII.OH- dUa20HQf1bHaJI AeHmO'IKa. CTpeJ10K 'IeXOCJIOBaU. KpOMe moeo. BOeHfWC/l)OlCaUJ.tlO-lCpaCHYIO AeHmoutcy nOd K.KHx nOJ1KOB. 1918-1920 IT.Ul.Opnyca 2aAYHbi no '[UHY (OAJ! eepxneii «acmu uuenuc» ynmep-oipu301l0mbJe). 2.i). OT.ax. UH- B nepeoe epeus ceoeeo npe- ece '1eXOCJlOBou.GX nOXOdHbJX MYHoupoe fl€'tHbJe muna: nemnuuu cmpe.020) 4 otcmsuips). «a» mQf1QCb nutu» tieno-tcpacnas 1917 2.1IOBaU. CYK.anue.020 nepeeopoma 7917 2.»cesmue. a (J tuumotc ueema eunytuxou.KHXCTpeJ1KOBbIX nOJ1KOB.Kue uacmu NOCUnu pYCCK.blX 8 «ue.IlHOH ~opMe. 2. 'IUHbl K.UEJIbHhli1i qEXOCJIOBAQKU" 1917-1920 Fr. apmunnepucmu .apdOU. RHO . pa3del1eHHbiM ouaeouanuto.HOM. 1918-1920 rr. HOCUIlU uranxu-iipa- «pacnuu CYK. 1918-1920 rr. MJ13.KHx KaBaJlepHHCKKX nOJ1KOBB napa.epqexOC.ep 'IexoCJ100aU.QXAu60 canopa III c kpacnus« 8epXOM U 6eAblM CYJlmaHOM.e60-Kpac- .U nepuoda . 13 OHa cjJU2YPflbiU C K.G8G11epuucK.paCHOU (nozon) eeeoe- 3M6Ae- nouienus ua neeoe pyxaee cotiou xaxu eblUJ€ taumtce uepoe .ue OpaH:JICeeble u m. OAR otiep-opuuepoe . PYCCICQfl KOK.uii PyCCIC020 Ae2uOHa (Cu6UPCK.Pbt U3 EpaHObtCa 1 tuos«.UX xacmeu H. KOPTIYC (tIEXOCJIOBAQKAJI APMHH) B POCCRM.apiJa nocmenesno non«ocmuo ucsesaa U euecmo nee oc- duaeonanucno 6e. (I-a nOI1K.HCK. «aeanepuuc- CcjJopMupOeaH.lCo6atiepuiicICUU nORK.oe noxaosoe 06MYHdUPOeauue cmeytotuee CHapflJICeHUe U 800PY»cenue.OK. 1918-1920 rr.tlbl. Hasunas C 1918 2. IIlTa6-o~Hu. OJIR tamati6bl/l pOCnOAO:JICeH HOMep «acmu..apda. '1eXOCA06GfW 6bl(JaNufl na meppumopuu Poccuu mesoaumu K. 30 6WlO oeKo6pfl omueneso e xopnyce U HOUJeHue PYCCKUX 3HGK08 PG3llUI-tUfl MO OAJl na noeas omauxumensnas noxms.M KaHmOM C 2yHK.tU :JICe KOK. napaousu: xpacnue iaapoeapu C 6e. Au60 pycCICYIO «otcapoy. 06ep-o~Ku. C ]9]82.tlICu - rjJpGIll{Y3CK020 6UUlH.HMnepamopo AAeK- Able nemnuuu u 6expacnoii eunytu- K.Tlocne cjJeepaJlbCK.

VII .

lJ. ICOK U B opyeux 110AbCKUX '10CI11f1X(I POCCUlI.. U napaonux pa ICaHmoM. mu «opnyca !. KO'1eCJnBe cepe6- omnusumensnou pJIH020 11020nox. «opnyc 6b/A llUICBUdup0(10H 5-11 nee yenu. B 1918-Ho'laJle OKOJlbIlUeM. MJIa. tiuau PYCCKUMU C06J1f106p03l{O OAflnOJlbCKliX 'lOC- Puuapckux noxoONYIO neeuonoe cjJopJUY.O?O »ce OP//a NO HO II{[ ktaJlUH080M tpoue.. 1918 r. cnapnscenue . .. «aoeeanc» mOJlbKO iJAJl 110pOOOB. BooPY1826 WOpOfJOPb/ C oaoiiHb/MU mOJlOCb mOJlbICO max (1 6b1JlO moeo »ce eooa.lJ. meuno-cunue nautcan p03JlU'1HbIX ueemoe. CTpeJiKOBrr. HO C 6e.480 3CKOiJpOJ'lO nYAOfJ- OOoPYJICeflue. XOPYIIlKUU 2-ro I-ro nOJlbCKOrO Psruapcxero nernoua 1918 f.1l0BOH 3HMHCii 1918-1919 1919-1920 5-. 6eJlbi1i 3mUUIKem- B anpene 19182. 3.0 ¢eOp0J1bCK020 1917 nepeeopoma 1917-1920 rr. 3NOKU passusu« JlO AeeOM «ax Kpoue moeo.Jlb1M nonscxuu eapax pysaee U naunacu «a urapo- 6blllU MOAUH08blMU. 6blJlU eeeoent« 3M6J1eA1bl e euoe nOJlbCKUX 0PJlOB NO U cOJl0811Me y60Pb/ II C eecnu ycmapeetueeo 19172. »ce npUK030NO saxpennsme ICOCKlI. 2. OOliOKO ICaIC Moe oe» ceoeotipasnuii I-cO «opnyca 6b/ll BBenpucmescnoii nocayscatuue nOJlbCKUX Cutiupu HOCUAU PYCCKY'O cjJOPMY U cnapsusceuue. nocueuiuecs monsICO «a JleBOM pYICo8e euure noxms: OA1Op0l1m06ble poe.noPY'lHK f-ro Ilonscsnro xopnyca B On3J1bOHa KopnYC3.ll.ocI>KlI. 1·/bIX ytiopax 3M6J1eMb/ nOllbCKOZO 0PAO HO 20Jl08U mClK. nosouee OU(JU311f1nOAY'fUJlO C8emJlO-CUcjJPOHlI. 1917-1918 rr. 1'I0JlbCKtiX YJlOJi (6b1f1Ule20 CKO?O J1e2t1OfiG) YHUrpOPMY JlOCUJlU me. e. ua neeou «R» py- suinuHOA1eHO 1-20 fiOJlbCKO?O pOJu6 C 6e.Jlbl. nemAUlI.ii. .Hoii 4»oPMC. U UMeJlU U MU. «omoPbl'. ece nOJ1bCKue «acmu UMeJ1U PYCCKoe 06MYliOUpOOOi'fUe uuonansnux U (6e3 IiO- 3M6J1eJJ1).KBH3H" 4lopMe. nepetcpecmAOU.M ICOHmoJU.CP CTpCJ1KOBb(X nOJIKOB l-ro Ilonscxomxopnyca. cjJ0PA10ii fl8J1flJlOCb PYCCICoe C MOAUHOOblMU NO-CUNUAfU n020NOA1U U WOP080pOMU. cnapsxcenue. I1x noeceoneenoa noxoo(-IDe 06A1YNoupoeoffue ueema XOKU. nOJlbCKO?O oAn 1919 e eoen«acmeu e HbUI lllHYP «ucmnuu no U «P»). i.3 nOJlbCKHX «MypM3HlJHKOB».)I3CICO?O muna. nO. nOJIbCKl1E BonCKA B COCTABE PYCCKOM If BEJIbIX APMO".IlHBH3HH napa.MeaUtUMU 6YIC8bl 0 «[I> «oeyio iJpy? (Legion (1bIl1YWICY U NO apY20 NaAOJ/CeHHble ueemnue nemMY/IOUPOB JlU'1b/ NO eopomnusu 2UMHocmepOK.OMU ll. 3-ro nOJlK3 I-it CTpeJlKOBOH . u cepetipnnue yumep-otpuueu zonomue iJJlR sacmeii 3110KU P03J1U'IUfI 6b/JIU maIClIJ'. )1. muna: tbyU 6eICOHt(e. C iJeKo6pfl tuapoeapax JlOAmOCbl P03J1U'1HbIX (1O eceu «MYPI11OIIIfUKW> NOCUJlII IipumanCKYIO cjJOPA1YU lIMeJlU (I 19172.ll.fWlbl NOCl/JllI U «ase «opnyca N06h/if 2-20 - OAR / -eo Jle21101-ta - Rycerska).)I3CICOe 06A1YlfiJup0801t1ie. nOJlbCKUX rr. rpPOHMOJlUU «ocunu 06u()I10 NO C 'lepflblMU lI.lJ. P9. napykaenue ueemnue yenu. 5.1.lI. P9. pyccxoe eoopyscenue KaCKU tiunu PYCCICU0PJ10M.KOHOMOJlUHOBbl- «0> U 06UIA020MU.llwUU nO. OAR ueemoe. OMCIpaHmo- meu2. T02iJa oc- Mti JlOltmOCOMIJ.e. «ac- (Ice eoenuocayscauiue y neeuouepoe UMeJlOCb «epnas NOClIflU na noxoonux nOllOCICO. (J uenmpe pOM608 Jle2UO/·/O(J. 110 npu OHCJluiiCIClIX cjJypOJICKOX. otpuuepoe paxcxy nu« C MOl/lIHOaOli C mYJlbeli sonomue C «eycapcICUiW> 3UZ3020il1 OJlfl eenepanoe. .IU JICe. CTpeJiKOB 8 4. VIII. iJJlJI '1epHblU pOM6 C A1OJltIII08blA1 noxoOHYIO cjJOPil1Y pycckou 0PMUU.MYHOUP C MOAUHOBblM nO?ONOMU (HO ItUX Itble MU 6YK6bl eopomnuxou. m. Ha cOJl06Hb/X y60pax O/tU UA1eJlU 3M6J1eMY e eude noniCK020 OPJlO. 3NOKaA1U pa3J1ULfUJI JI{JJlJ7JlUCb HapYKOBNble »mo noeoeeehenue na 6YMO?e.II1HO-CtiIiIOIO YJlOIJCKO?O nekomopoe epee» nOPOaHYIO «opnyce euecmo PyCCKUX 3liOIC08 P03J1U'1Ufl (noeo«) 6b/JIU eeeoenu ueemnue yeau.OBOH OTP9.JUHbl eyto 110JlOCICY80KPYc «uxcneu nac- JICeHbl ONU MU meii coeouneuut.

VIII .

J. BXOlll1BWerO B COCTaB Cepmouxoa . HO C nO. OKOJlO 25 TbIC. y odiauepoa .JIOTa (20 rH.U. Ilorouu PH.xpartoaue.ll.. Iloroau y P}I.1 5 6eJlblMH )f(rYTaMH HC1 rpyn». WJ1bIK >KMTbltl C 6eJloi1 (cepeopauoji) 06WHBK0i1.LlHC1Hecny6P JII1KC1 (3YHP). WTbIKOB H Ca6eJ[b npa 40 0PY. 6e:J rycapcxux «Y3JTOfl» cnepena.1llepHbIMH. IlepBble l[C1CTI1H COe. Ll. B KOTOPYIO BOWJlH reppuropau BOCTOlIHOti: raJTI1UHI1.lI.1 6e110113 ro untypa C nernea BHI13Y.1e.IO usmyurxy no BepXHeMY xpaio BOpOTHI1Ka .>KynaH8 11 asmyurxy npuKJl8.C xpartouoa Bblnyinxos. 1-10 C HaJlO)l(eHHhlMI1 HH uee )lUyMH CKpellleHHblMI1 6YJlaBaMH.1 J.lt13eTY pona BOHCK LI.I1HeHI151 coanaeaxacs 6e3 K<:1KOro-J1I160 orrpeneneuaoro nnana.HO-YKPAHHCKMI HAPO.1 C06cTBeHHblH I'eruaua KOHBOH I1MeJII1.11 no . senonex npa 60 0PYllHHX.a. TC1KI1 113 BHOl3b CCI)OPMI1POB3HHbIX B uosfipe-nexatipe roro xe B OCHOBY ee C03.lJ.6eJIO->KeJ1Tbli:l.Ll3-«30pfl». LfaKlll1pbl . nernnuu 11 6PH)l)K11 l1'IaCTl1lIHO .llI1s:IX.1Cb6eJlbiM ranYHOM WI1PI1HOH 2 CM. BO J1bBOBe 6bl)]a npOB03fJ13ureua 3ana.ll.1 Boopy- 'Iacn.Ho-YKpaI1HCK3H HC1PO. Ilo-rrn nlKa51 >Ke YHI1<popMa 6blJla BBeaeHH JVlSl Cepznouxoit (rBapn. Illapoaapu cepO-CI1HJ.«Ma3enJ.TRHOM. rycapCKI1I1 KywaK .llaHJ. 06bIKHOBeHH3s:I H nOBCe.!UIOH M eraJInH leCKl1ti l UBeT npl160p .e. 6YKOBHHbll1 3C1KapnaTbs!.1HIO. J. B HHuape 1919 r.H FannUJ.IJ.113 cepefipnaoro xryra.non. OKOJlblWeM npaxnanxoro usera.1 npOCBeT8MH. 3AnA.lIJ1 . OpHH)I(eBbIMH J. Y octmuepOB . )l(eJITbiM OKOJlblWeM H TpeMSI 6eJlblMH sunyurxaM(1). LfHcneHHocTb SOMCK COCTaMflna B HOH6pe 1918 r. C 6eJlOH BbmYWKOH (11J111 epe6pHHbIM raJTYHOM).llJ.llHHeHl1eM HBJI}lJlaCb rpynna (3-5 xypeHeH nexoru).ll>K11C BbmYWKOH npnxnannoro usera 11JT8MnaCHM.I1X LlacTeti .MI1 H kpanosoa BbInYWKOH no HH3Y BOpOTHI1Xa 11 Ha norOH8X .bItl >KeJITbIH 6eJlblH roaa. B HHBape 1919 r.1HCK~HlapMl1fJ (YrA) 6b))IH coaaaxu KaK 113Y>KecywecTB0138BJ.Jleruoua YKpaHHCKHX Cl1yeBbIX crpensuoa. paspe30M C3a. C I1IOJlH HX J1H4HblH COCTas HOCHJl )l(ynHHbI aaunrruoro UBeTH C npHKpenJleHHblMH nosepx 06WJlarOS«(lleXJlaMI1»TpeyrOJ1bJ-lHK3. Cnepe.. WI1HeJlb .eticKoti) n.eHHoro 06MYH.ll.1'> aa 06WJlar3X. lllanxa 113roT8BJ111c nanacs 113 6eJTOfO Mexa. TaK H C LlaCTflMJ.LlHOrOUUeT8 .MopCKaH nexora - Kopnyc MOPCKOH 060POHbi rtofiepexs» '{epuoro MOpfl (3 nOJIKa MOPCKOH nexoru nenonsoro cocrasa) J.HeBHaH (nOJleSMI) <popMa.I1IH131111. KapM3HbI. Lllanxa i-.xax U crapoa PYCCKOi1 apMI1I1. nOMHMO nonpa:3AeJ1eH 11 H perynsp« blX BOI1CK BO M HorHX MeCTax npH<PPOHTODblX 06naCTeH KpeCTbHHe opraHI130BbIBaJll1 napTI13(1HCKHe OTp51Llbl. naonunacs rtapanH3H. HHI160JTee 3H3IH1Te)]bHbIM 60eUblM COe.HAJI PECnYBJlIIKA 1 HOH6pH 1918 r.Bblpe3 11 KOKap. HO C npnuoyronsauMI1.. BOPOTHJ.lll1pOSaHI1fI cepmoKH nOJTY'II1Jll1TOJ1bKOuaeraue norouu.LlbH<30PI1') 06weBoHcKoSYIO KOKap.OKOJlO 70 TbIC.J1y6eHcKoro rycapcxoro nonxa POCCI1HCKOHV1MneparopCKOH apMHH (r.1 BOeHI-IO-MOPCxas aSl1aUIMI LJepHoMopcKoro cP. c 21 asrycra 1918 r.LlKJl8.JIHorpauepoa 11 renepanon.llOBbIX 6b1JTJ. Be uOOPY)KeHHble CHJlbIYKpaHHCKa. napaAH35J q)OpMa BKflI04. ofitunara.06HY10 o6111eBoHcKoBoti.I1J111 cepO-CI1Hl1e 6pl1.Hl 6blJICl nonoxena CI1CTeMa Bce06wei1 BOI1HCKOH06H3HHHOCTH.llKOH J. <J'>ypa>KK3 .>KeJTTbl ti 6eJTblH 2-ti nOlIK nOJlK OpaH>KeBblH opal-l>K. C BbleMKOH cnepenn 11 6eJlblMI1 TYJ1bet1 11 CYJl.I:lJla CI1HI1i1 MYH)lHp C T3KHMI1 >K6 «yexnaMJ.rHIJlytieucxoro Cepmouxoro KOHHO-Ka3allbero nonxa. .06111eHpMei1cKJ. C CI1HeH TyJlbeti. I1MeBWl1e BMecTO pernaaerrrnpoaauaoa KOKap. poasponnauoa).1S3Jll.1e.1HKa» . Ee lll1Hb[ HMeJH1 CJ.13 ncero YTBep>KLI.HBI13I1H.LlY· . oc06ylO xoxapny .1 H>KeHepHaH COTH51 B CPOPMY cepntoxon UXO. y orpauepoa .llHpa 06WJ.1K. <Pypa>KK3 C cepo-cuaea TyJlbei1.113 Yepaoro Mexa.cPypa>KKH. nOc)]e nOpa)[(eHI1H B BOHHe C Ilonsureji yrA orcrynnna aa BOCTOK H npnasna yxacnte B 60}lX KaK C 6onbweBHKClMI1.LlOBbIX 6blJ1H KpanOBb[MH.eBbltl qepHblH llepHblH 4-11 non« AprnnnePH i::icKI1 H nOJIK 6eJl.LlWTa6 Feruaua J. 60PT 11 HI1>KHHK Kpatl MYH.no HH)I(HeMY. apMI1H 6blJTa peopraHH3013aHa B 3 xopnyca no 4 6pHrUllbl (4 KypeHH neXOThJ K3>K)lfUl). C T3KI1M >Ke cYJITaHOM. K KOHUY 1918 r. aaocrpemruva ua OllHOM KOHue neTJII1U3MI1 npmoranuoro unera C cHHetl BbIrlYWKOi1.. l-i1 3-11 rIOJl K Il PH KJ18.

"""'""'""' . (H3 ~C06PallUil P. 24) «3yfi. 1919 z. J.uiic. rjJJlPO. (J OC1l061iOM.06111IK.leB.rocyo.: . 4) oeCllmuuK. 20) <<3y6'11.JIOCKawma6-opllu. 16) anWMQlt. Y nesomopux 06My"oup06allue PYCCKOi!O 05p. 3110K08 p03JIU'IIIJ1 .cmaltOlJ/I..llUUCKOZO. 22) ~euepl1J1b1I61ii nopY'fIllC.Jl(.emtb/X llPUK030M .nbllble . feM6a'.) 'temopa FO. 23) .Q31{a.' 18) flO/lK06I1UK. 19) nO.to11lIGQ»leltepl1J106j 25) IWAOCKa eenepasoe. lloJlocuoc-([}eplialtoeca. 3tlaKUpa3JIU'IWI (J uenmpe KOMa/loup' III ~OJZlIu.KOZO eeuepa» D.~ 8) 6YIIO(Jllbtll. 5) «3yfi'1amKa» paOOIJbfX.H.mIKaf) .lIii. Y iJ60UX - YrA.leuepoAbliblii comuuu.Jl(. 6 o'6cmpuiicKYro rjJOPMY.OPU~UllfJAbllbtii pucy/tO/(. 3)IJucmyu.""~ OpUl(epbl l-eo yiJapltO~o ZYl{VAbCKOZO "ypelUl IWpllyCO Oqm/{epbl ooemu.Qf) u tautm o6epOplll(epOB.. 15) llOJlOCKO o6ep-opw(epoIJ. 17) /lOonO/l1(.~ 21) ~eUepl1J1bnbll7 '/emap. .epoIJ. J2)rw[ly·tlll(j 13) COIIl1WK.wma6-opull.eK - OmAU'fUme. 14) «3y6'wml(. 7) IIOOXOPY:Il.. 10) xopyu3fCuii.YEA. orjJUl(epOfJ na osoautuax 6eAbte aetam«. 2) cmapwuii empeseu. 6) nO/lOCKa PflOOIJIJIX.ep06. 9) noaoexa Yllmep-o(jm[{epOB.apc:m6e1UtO~O ceKpemapuama eoeuuux 0€JZ3YJ£P om 30 anpeMl 1) cmpe/leu. 11) '1en/ap..

H ·apMH5I.-UO MeCTHbIM BOOp)')KeHHblx f. Taxoe nOJIO)KeHHe COxpaH5IJ10Cb .H fJIaBHOKOMaHJlYJOwero sojicxa- Kasxascxoro ¢poHTa reuepana OT HHqlaHTepaM M.UaHH.llH5l 06b5I.. H3 60plJanHHCKHX rarap. a TailOKe OT 3Ul1. KOHHy. B HO1919 f.uu. Kopnyc aasanax. zrpyrae (H3 co6piUUIR P.JO My~IaC- 1.CaBeTnOJIbCKHX 4-SJ COTHH ~ . 6pHra.1H. 2-51 H 3-Sl 6pwra.U06pOBOJlb~leCKHx cocraa rrOJ1HOCTbIO apMHH nouma perynspnasr KaBKa3CKoro eaaaKOHira "lfaCTb 6bIBweH TY3eMHoro POCCHHCKOHHoro CCPOPMI1POa era KOMaHHa3HaTOJIb- KOH. xopnyc cyutecrsoaan 6YMare B HeM HMeJlHCb f1HWb LJ:aCreM H COe. H zroroeopy c 6bma BCfOP A. yrA nonecna 60JIbllHe rrorepn B Bal:! H3 eJll1.ll.lUKAHCKAJI PECny:snHKA ITo rrpnxasy M. AA. Ilyrea «MyCYJIbMaHH3al. Te. 6bIJIO nauaro <pOpMHpOBaHl1e MYCYJlbMaHCKoro xopnyca 113 MYCYJIbMaH 3aKaBKa3b5l. 24 anperrepeutnn aa CTOYHP aoesanmea ua AsepBJlaCCM]l.A3ep6aHJl)KaHa Pecny6JIHKH. B MX I1HTepHHpOBaJIH A3EP:sAH. 6 aHL()!(aHa . 6oenpnnacoe H CHapfl)KeHHH. apMHH YHP.5I A3epTeppHTOpJ.LOKaHcKoH TypKH. nOtJ. 1-10 H 2-10 apTHJIJ1epHHCKMe KOHHYJO 6aTapeH.ypmKa.lOpMHpOBaHHI1 H C03.unpOM MYCYJIbMaHCKoro H 6aKHHCKHX.TfHcKa. rnc OHH 6blJ1H HHTepHI1.J. IOre POOCHW. HbIM nepefipoureanoro H B 3aKaBKa3be. 1918-1919 ee: OrjJuu. T5IM 1918 r.lleKa6pfl 1917 f. 11M ynanocs npo6HTbCH B 3aKap- rne nOCJl. DOJIbWaH lJ. B pe3YJIbTaTe LJ:aCTbBOeHHOCJIy)!(alllHX Yf A OKa33JIaCb B nOJIbCKHX JIarep5IX.llHBH3HJO rtarse.epeCjU~Ba aecmpuiiCKLDl iJpJzz~WCfI!tl1I .IJl: na lOre Poccaa (BCIOP).e nOJIKH).aCTb HX mfLJ:HOrO COCT.H11» xexoropux LJ:aCreH H COeJlHHeHI1M <jJpOHTa npeL(YCMaTpHBaJIOCb C<P0pMHposaTb: MycYJ1bMaHCKHe MycYJIbMaHCKHe 6PHTa.UaBaJ1CH ero tra - . nocne 28 Ma5I nepe- B A3ep6aH.epbl Y"paulicKoii faA.EO H 2 -10 2 crpenxonsre MOPTHpHble 1 OT.115I opb'6b:1 C 6 JUI 1920 r. KTO H36e)KaJI :nOH yxacrn. B KOHue MapTal910 12 11 orpnnepcxae.llHHeHHH. . a nexoropsre -B apMHH YHP.1C.e.H orcyrcrsosan P5lL(OBOM COCTaB.lI.lleMHH fJ1aBKOMOM BKJ1JOLJ:eaaB 'm¢a. .abI.llbl . - .lI.llHHM yaanocs np06HTbCSJ LJ:eXH. ynpaanenne crpenxonsre H xoprryca.A Ilpxeaanscxoro aa NQ 155 OT 19 .B nOJIKH.T. He xnarano BOop)')KemIH. K TOMY BpeMeHH Ilonx 6blJl CJ.oc-f/JrJIII_iJeca.lly 14-11 apM"H}fMK .U11.UO 28 MM 6aH.lleJ1bHYJO MycYJIbMaHCKylO Gpnrany (I H 2-ti.pOBaJIH lJ.hI 6blJ1H . OKa3hIBaJlH nOMOWb rrpn MycYJlbMaHCKHH HMeHoBaHHbIM xoprryc.l. nepenuc- .BMeCTe C nOJUlKaMH nporna xpacasrx. BcwnHBWHe Q. KaBKa3 )!(eHHhIX 5I6pe 605lX. MycYJlbMaHCKHe KOHHbl.ll)KaHCKHH.WJ.WHXJlHHCKHH. a 6pHra. HMnepaTopcKoH nOJlK TaTapcKHH xopnyca.uiicTCOii apMuu.llbI pony )l_eHcTBYIDmei1 apMHH OTnpaBJIeHbI na Q.lPOHT nO]JbCKJ1MH BOHcKaMH..aBa 6bma HHTepHl1pOBa- rra B rrOJIbCKHe nareps.BI13J.nOHaJIH B 5-10 XepCOHCI0'JO .RIIeHI1f1 He3aSHCHMOcTI1.. 3aKapnaTbe.H_t:. aa uefionsrJIaBHblM Ilocne YKpaHHbI MHM KaK O"fC'lYiUleHJI{5i qYfA uiae xanpsr 06pa30M Y[ A souma B COCTaB Kpacaort Hepaoaaas (Kpacnas) panncxan fanuI. OHa 6blJla peopramrsosaaa: xoprryca nepediopvaposaasr B 6pmaal>1. 6aTaJlbOH H cYJIbMaHCKHM TH H canepasrn nonpaaaenemrs. CTBeHHaH HbLH B C03.H pacnpeneaeatr Me)K. )l_eHHKHBoopyxeamae CMJlbI na BeIDP C reppuropan ApYK- corrracno xopnyca 6bIJI LJ:eH reHepaJI-JIeHT~HaHT KO B uaxane 1918 r.) Ha orjJ.exaMH.

KOHHbIMV! COTH5IMl1.UHmm oopaaua 1909 r.l1 A3ep6awHe. Me)f(. 1919-]920 e.MH 0pYLlHHMH ofipaaua 1902 r. a B MapTe 1919 r. B waWKaMH. ¢I1HaHCOBblX HLfeCKoro A3ep6ai1.Jl nanaxa 6e3 fCOKapObt_ K 1 HOH5pH 1919 2 nexcruue l1onK3M CanepH'bIMH a raxxe r. a3ep6al1. H ua J.TaK H . aurnasaue. nepecran nero ro MI1. YCle6KOMaH.UOCTaTOlIHbIM_ B 06MYI-lLl. nOJIKOB. Ha6JlfOD.)I(3HCKaH apMHH pacnonarana 32 TpeXD.1H)!(aJlaM 11 pOBaHI1H.UCTI3 6bIBllie. fJlaSHbln urrao. no CBHLlereJlbCTSY BpeMeHHO KOMaHD. TOBK!1_ KaBaJIepH5I rrexort.UByx_rtH. HV! nouranea. llaJlacuoc-(/Jepltau()eca.y. 11 npyroe B03MO)l(- A3ep6aMJI)KaHa KOTOPOMY H fpY3I1J1 6bIJlO eHHo-o6opoI:-lI1TeJ1bHOe nYJleMeTbJ.. cpencrs HX BceMIl BOMCK H MaTepHaJlbHO-TeXH cHa6)f(eHH51 OCTaTKYI 9 H lO-ro 'rypeuxux na 6 yvare.UOCTaTOK . 4 coPOKa. 16 HfOHR 19]9 rrpaBHTeJ1bCTBaM11 3aKJllOLleHO BOcorrracno BHHTOBKI1.lIeOblCOlCan. .U)f(aHCKOro koprryca. conepxamre n.IlOUl1POBaJlC5I B Faaaxy ropasno Ealey H C 1110H5:InpaKTHLleCKH Jtl60 60J1bWe.OPO)!(]-lbIW canepnsin H HOM 3TOT nnan 6bIJI apTHJI11 TeJlerpacPHbJMI1 pOTaM11.VIHeHo S urraf 6 Hml5pl'I 5brJlO Boemroe ApmUAAepucm ruep6aiioJICaHcKoii apMllU.Ue3epTH'{eM pOBaHHH B ]II sacrea 06YBI1. (H3 coopalluJl P.He11HbIMH ray5i1uaMH oopasua 1910 r.UaHHbIM11 HblM11 11 nYJl.U)!{aHa K)'XHI1 nano nOCJ1e..1pCTBO Ilocne MHPOBOtt npH6blJll1 sars OKOHLlaHl--IH B HOH6pe BOi1:Hbl 113 1918 r. HOpMbl 6blIrl1 518HO HeLlOCT3TOLfHblB BOrrCK3X POB '{i1CJlHJlOCb COCTasa..06POBOJlbueB npeKpaTI1J10Cb. a3ep6aii()JlCaUClCQ.fJIaBHOe ynpaaneuue Feuepansxoro urrafia (nosnuee 1-1 HCTepCTBO BO rnaae 13MeCTe C rnaBH'blM A3ep6attU)l(aHCKOn nJlaHHpOBaJIOCb wTa60M apM}1H). nepsoa xynpoaaasr 'rypeuxne BOHCKa 5blJl. 15 HOR6pH 1918 r.OBOJ1bnoH<l 131·1- He COOTBeTCTBOBaJ10 HI1Ka.. I1Me- aoopyxena HV! 06MYH.JotiMOB.. MaCC0130e .HBO~ICKa I1Cl1bITblBaJ111 He. nOXO..[l.Ue3epTJ. B03nyxOnJIaB3TeJIbHbIH BbInOJIHeH_ r.UHbIe xoropce apTHJlJIepHlO A3ep6aM.UaMI1. norpertannsre B KOTOPbIM nocne 60e8 On.uero «oprrycou 1l0JlKOBHHK3 C3JH1MOBa. Tl1cPa.anOCb HOB06paHues..ll. 24 TpeXLl.)!(eJ1eJB OCHOB- 6aTaJIbOHbI.V!- pesorn. 06be. MycasaTHCTCKOMY PYIO MaTepHaJlbHO-TeXH rTOMOWb_ reaepanox OT aprnnnepHH CC_ Mexvaanapoauv.pJ-lOe paaveuienae CaHI1TapnpO. 130eHHOe 11MymecTBo.[l.KHM n.l-Ol.UO caMOH COBeTI13aUH. COmaWeI:-l11e. . nocrvnneane a . KJ. YI 1 KOHHYlO (3 nOJIKa) )111131131111.11 38aAseptiajiaxaaa. cymecreoears. UlalUKJ1. C nHI3H3HoHHotl' Jlepl1ei1 11 C npV!.H3KO.eJIb- Illnpoxoe pacnpocrpaneuue ofecnexenae 11 CHOBa BJUfTbl aa-ranocs CI1J1bHO nY'-lI1JIO . cq)OpMl1pOBaTb (TpeXnOJ1KOBOrO COCTaBa..n. xoprryc cyLLteCTBOSaJITOJlbKO JI0Cb HM TaK KaK He BOOPY)I(eHHe TpeXJlHHeHHbTe.bIMl1 JlerKI1. HOCTb CcPOpMHpOBaTb opY)!(HeM K~I He zrpyrue OCTaJlOCb 11 1l03TOMY Ha TepPI1Topl1H cpe. MI1. CT8eHHoro B apMI1H CBl1penCT130BaJl11 3I1HneMHJ1. nI1K3MI1.i 'rypenxne 6bm3 COCTaBJlHnH pyccxue BHHi1 BV!HTOBKa- H 6pV!TaHcKHe odnuiepos.UHHH nOCTaBJlHJ13 11nOnOJ1HHTb npaicru-rec- '-IaCT11_ MaTepI13JIbHO-TeXI-II1L[eCKI1X Poccnacxoa J1MnepaTopCKOW aaepfianrrepnon ee opra- ofiecnesenae IDI<ai-lCKOI1 apMl111 KaK B nepBbIH )1)1:(31-ia OCraBaJIOCb 60JleeQeM H1133UY!I1.Ue3epTHpCTBO.lly OTPHLl. HblM HopMaM.ti apMHI1. HaJII1'-1HO- B TOM l[I1CJ1e CbInHOrO CHa6)f(eHH5I MH.eMeTHbIM11 nOJ1KOBoi1 aprunnepnert) 1-IOLl.) Ionoeso« y60p . KBa.lotiMoBblMH rOpl-!bTMY! opY.1X MeCTO xcropue WleCKYfO C Ha'-lanH okaaul-IeKOTOMI1npaSHTeJIbCTBY 06pa30BaHo uauane 1920 r.aMH He XBaTaJlO.aepawa. 15 iroro 6bl]H1 ceHTS16pH 6bllT OKKynupOBaH cPOpMHpOBaHHe 'rypxaOTD.pTI1.

mKaHa H MapT-HoH6ph nOBCTaHQeCKI1M . cepsre -rcpxecxa.IHJlMlLl.llHBH3HOHOB passepiryrsca 11611yneMeTaMH HbIl1 11 lUi.l(eiiiCTBHHX npOTI1B ApMeHl111 J 920 r.eHHSI 60eBbIX r.l1eMeTHbIH 6pOHeaBTOM0611- Boenpanacaan K anpemo J111111ba xoporxoe n CTB11H. B 6oPb6e CHJI. soennoe 2 8-1'1 rrexorrrsre H non- ..D..l1K Ha3Ba- 100 pesonsaepos. BoeHHhIM MI1HI1CTepCTBoM APMM5I A3ep6ai/i.I1HCb THTYJlhI. BpeM51 Be)].I10Cb no CPOpMHpOBaHl1e KOTOPhlX HaqaJIOCb B OKHI6p5I 1919 r.aMCKVlM BOlllJIH nO. He npOH30WJ10.I15I. nepnon CPOpMHpoBaHl151 If.OM PC<DCP H 6hI. HOCHnH cepsie HJII1 KOpJ.Ll)KaHCK011 apMMI1 6blJIM poaansr.n. xepnsre 6eWMeTbI ]ij xpacirsre noroHbI (npu qTO BblCTyrrneHI111 KaCaeTC5I: ¢OPMbI B noxon onexnsr r. IIorOHhI ¢POH- COCTaB H )]'0BI131111 He Ar.UJI51 YKpenJIeHHH n03HWIH C ApMeH11eH rtna- HHpOBaJ1.)KJ1HCKHH 0 2-51 (4-11 ne2-11 nOJIap- coticrseuao 60J1bWe- 3aKaTaJIbCK1111 11 3-H 11 Kl1.». CPOPMbI Oll.a HO TaK 11 He 3aKOH'-lH- COBeTH3aLU1H A3ep6aHLl)KaHa.He 113 nBYX .Uzrpyrax pacnopsmoics . yt. 1919-1920 ee. B MaHCKoro ax JIH'fHblti cocras pacoopjor- .UO YCTaHOB. 0. BHHTOBOK. 19J9 r. «MaKcHM».11 5-M 1-51 aprtiparana) EaK11HcKHM rrO. 6PHIlOJIKH Hl1eM TaHCKl1X.eM. SOMCKa 6bIlIl1 1 rryneverooecnexem.D. ra qTO COJl. HHJI a3ep6aH. CKOM apMHH CKH11. H 2-H MycYJIbMaHCKHe apMHH O. CH.UH5I:JIHCh nee q11Hbl l1' 3BaHI1H crapon OTMeHH.U. xcroporo D. OTr. KOHHhle COBHapKoMa scex OT 16 . A3ep6a11)l)KaHa Ka3aKOB M3 na rpa-nnre .IleMo6HJlH30BaH.11 OKa3aJIH yt.11B113HH. B TOM orpmtepos.I1H He noarovy HX HMKaKoro pecny6JII1KH conpOTMBJIeHHSI BOHCKaM Kpacrroii PHTOPIUO npn )Ke BCTyn.eJJeHHH. . apMl1T1 QHCJIeHHOCTb CYllleCTBOBaHHH HHpOBaHHhlX LJ:eJIOBeK. sa aecs rrepnozi He nOCTHfaJIa ee sanrra25 ThIC.IleKpeToM 11 6-11 reOKL[aHTaTapcKHH.OJ1)KHhI 6hlJI11 KOHHhle PoeHanpmiep.l1KH. TO ee nORBJIeHl1e 1918 .Kpoxre 'roro. A3ep6aMLD£(aHCKOe qacTeiii reaepan fle6e. ) 11 .laCTBOBaJIa S 60eBhlx (Maf\-aBrycT .HHbI MYCYJIbkopnyca HOCMJlH cP0PMY onexnsr H CBOHX npexorax -racrea 6hIBweH.l()KaHCKHe BoeHHO.UOJI)KHOCTb rJIaBHOKaBKa3CKoro KOMaH. (aroro.Ul1HCKHM 3 rpespans 1918 r.e H p51.BeTa) C )KenTOI1 WHcPPOBKOti 1920 axonann: B COCTas 33ep6al1)]. KOHue .UaTbl aa L[a11M cpstaa'rs ucnonnsuouinn BoiiicKaMH «enpens E. 6aTaTlbOH (4 pOTbI) Kypzrcxne crpen- (2 cornn).11 .e)K.ll)J(aHcKoH HOCHTCH K HaLJaJIY BHCTCKoro «06 nax» ypaaaeaan apMHJI!.llO. I-H TllHBH3HOHbL 7 -H B 2-H ropasra OTJII1LJ:HJI.MCKOti I1MnepaTopcKoH apMHH.l1)I(]-Jbl 6bIJlM COCTaSMTh KOBbIH.. CK11H nexornsre XOTHbJe KH) 11 (1-.l1KH.D.B. noromr OfjJuu. Cepblel1JlI!l 3alllHTHOrO IJ.[{aHMe xypzrcxoro -racrejr a3ep6ati.uYlOlllerO 6poHeaBTOM06H.eKa6pH BOeHHOCJIY)KalllfiX opnena B 1917 B rrpaH 3HaKI1 CB513H C C 2-51 aprtiparazra) ynpa3. l-ro KOHHoro Tarapckoro).I1eHHH HOBOH BotiCK pa3.HBH3110H HaCeJIeHI15I H KOHHbIH OHM .bI» BceM BOeHHOCJJY)f(alllHM . I1H 'faCTH H nonpaanene- na rep1920 r.1LIHeBble nartaxn. IIleK11HcKl1H .n. cPaKTJ1tfeCKH yrposu co CTOPOHbl uefioecnocofinsmn APMHH aoopyxenaste Onuaxo asepfiaiirrepezt JJHIJ. HMena 14 TbIC.Il)KeBaHlllHp[aH)].ep a:Jep6ailo:HCalwcoii ap:MUII.UBl1)KeHl1.l1eHHH B I1fOHe-}HOJIe a roro rona 27-28 anpe .I1erKHH )]. Kapacaxcxnan Ilhrpsaucicrit KOHHa51 apMHH. 11 nO. qHCJIe H IlOrOHhI. 2-H nexornue Ky6HHCKl111. I-ti Tarapcxoro KOHHoro nOJIKa. HI1Kor.)KaH1-51 «Tr. 3-H (l-H H a3ep6aM. TeM.UHaKO.bl C MeCTHbIM . C 1914 r.0Cb C03. BoeHHOCJ1)0K8lll.U)KaHCKHX Kapa6axa. )]'eH- OCTaJICH B a3ep6ati)DKaHCKOH rtozt 1 nYlllelJ'Ho-rry.

oc06eHHO OCTpO "lYBCTBOBaJlOI nOllHOCTblO 6eJ1be H T.cppOHTa CHHTb nonaranocs neTJIHU3Mn) noroau.e)KJlbI 6y. OH C03.HJI Ha3BaHl-le 2-ro CTpeJIKOBOnOJIKa).1I. 06MYH}lMpOnaHl1e 33TeM Jler651311.JI5Ia3ep6aM}l)K3HCKOH MI1I1 B KalJeCTBe ronosnoro aars H3 )l(eJIaJOllIMX 0cPHuepoB-rpY3MH.1l. rae KaBK33CKI1H nOrpal-lH'IHblfi HenpO"lHOCTblO H 6blCTPO PBaJICH.QepKecK3 3.tl 2-ro 'roro xe noiicxa- WHJI. apM.KOHe'lH35! 3Be3L(a.IJ.eHHI1 cPOPMbI onexnu xOllaTaMCTBYIO 06 POCCMHCKOI1 HMTIepa1'OpCKOH KYTaMCCKa51 OHM 6hlJIH ITo3.U04KaMH. ranyaavu. Fpysmrcxoro CTpeJIKOBOrO nOJIKa. 5 H0516pH H 3Be3. HOBJ1eHa Cxopee acero. npen(r. rne OH CKOJIbKO-HH6Yllb fPY3IIHCKAH . B o.. O. «<MYCYJIhM3H» ner nOllp06Ha51 Be. 6aT3JIbOH. 3TH rona MH TepHH H H '1HCJIOM 3Be3. 30JIOTOH (JIaTYHHOH HOH 3Be3.H KOHHoro rpY3HHaMH nOJ1K no- UBeT HaCToeM OTJIHllaJICH rpeuxoro JIyt. nOllYMeC5IueM.UHpoBaHHH CYTCTBOBanH WMHeJII1.U0'lKOll 06P33ua.1I. npexcnero pacrtono- roro rona paapeuremre nOJIKa B OCHOBHOM.U3TaHCTBOBaJI nepezt Ha'-laJIhHHKGM rene- ccpopnp.UHoHMeHHb1l1 ABrycTeHwHti: BOHCKaMI1 Ilneseaste noroasr KH513h Huxonaji Kasxascxoro HHKOJlaeB.UHnOCb H 3HMO. HO C L(OnOJIHeK3HMTeJIblO npynte 4aCTU nOCJlY)l(H1Uf OCHOBO~i C03- Ha. 6hIJIH 6blTb. xO. fJI3BKOM YTBepL(HJI y60pa 6bma urratia Bepxosaoro Fnaanoxouannyiomero M. Bep051THee 3aMeHHTb rroronsr pans nyca 1918 reaepan r.I. nOJIK ClJHTaJJC5I CCPOpMHpOBaHHbIM. cPOpMHPYlOmerOCH BHOBb MYCYJIbMaHxopnyca OTMeHa MO)f(eT HMen. C 31 OKTH6pST 1916 r.HbI 23 3npeJI5I H. Anexceeasus 0 paapeurenan rpY3HHCKHH COCTaB KOHHhl11 I10JlK. parropr apYCTaC MHpOBaTb o<puuepcKHH npenxaranocs HH)Klme 6bIlIO KOMnJJeKTO- T. yseJIJ1lIHBaJ10Ch llHcno npOCTY.H4eM npeL(CTaBJ1eHa illI1XJIHHCKoro.UHee 1916 1916 llJIH MycYJTbMaH- xoprryca. r.04eK.n:aIW.H.e. CKOro ycepnso ca 51BHlJHCb c!j:lopMHpoBaHHble TUcPJIlfCCK351 B [PY3I1HCKHH Tbl"H 19 MapTIl B MapTe MaHllYIOll(HH BeJIMKHW rpaMMoH PaJIOM H apueacxoro xopny6 anpens 1915 r.UHBH3HOH 1-13 rHI1J10ro TPHKO.uaBaJIHCh I1MH) M3f010B- JU1JIHCbHenOCpe.Uy rtyroaauea cepetipsnoa ofipasua.UnHCbJO «A3ep6atl. 6PHTa.HbIX H KO)l(- «H3MeHeHHe cPOPMbI o. )KeHMeM Hl1eM BbIWHTOfi lIb[ HJIM 6POH30BOH) OCTallHCh «poraan» nsepx. asmananacs 3a tnaponapu nOCJ1e He- [PY3I1HCKOrO H3D)le)l(aJIO C¢OpMHpoBaTb 6aTapeJO.e. )l(e nanaxa 8-KoHe4JIe)!(aBWHM qMHbJ )lQJl)K. na BOpOTHHKax. . ro.U)!(al-l».H4 rene- '$ » C ml1<PPOBKOH no apa6H UI1<PPOH '{aCIM. A. BpeM5I. 2. TaK H 6bIBWHX PYCCK11X -racren C nepeaueHOBaHHeM 11 . B4aCTHOCTH xeaux Hawet! nOrOHKJIanaHaMH.llEMOKPATlI"lJECKAH PECllYJiJIIIKA OCHOBOH B COCTaBe np)')Kl1Hbl.H5I [PY3HHCKOro npHK330M xopnyca. 6bIBweti: C TaKHMH Hall.UaBaJICH na 6a3e KaK HaUHOHaJIbHbIX !lacTeJ1 crapoa PYCCKOI1 apMI1H.epOB. nOJIK. HJIH Me)!{.1I. r.Ll. I. pOKOBoe Il09TOMY 3Ha'leHlle. Ill. apaticxoti 30JIOTOfi 6blJIa rr.H.CTBeHHO xapuxa aanacuua .D. OCO- B KOHHHue.HH BbIL(ep)l(HBaJIH HOCHTb KOMaHLl.A.UY. <PopMa raxxe pyccxoro oaexB HJJH HeOT- [JlaBl-IOKoMaH.B.1l.1I.epcKHI1 CKHX YHTep-0cPl111.OCh H3 6eJlofi B 3amlLTHbiM MaTepHan oxpauieaaoii fH1CTbeS KpatlHel1 6eHHo (aanpauep. 11 llaH.bl B HaCTOSTw_ee 3aMeHa HbIX 3a60JIeBaH 11 iiI aCKepOB (coxnar).UoYKOMnneKToaaHHeM I-. KapL(bI 5.. CKH « H 6aWJ1bIK. ITp)KeBaJIbCKOrO aa NQ 128 6bIJIO nOJIO)l(eHO na-rano opraHH3aUHH fpY3Hl-ICKOro apMeticKoro xopnyca. cneuaansaoji H3 uensnoro KYCKa CbI.Hp MYCYJlbM3HCKoro C5IQHbll1 CpOK HOCKH H nponYCKaJIH rp513b H BO.A ncero. qeprax 9Ta cPopMa B 061l1HX ira TaK: rrpoexruposaBMeCTO KO- peopraaasosaau p33BepHYnOJIK <ppoHTa rJIaBHOKO- CTpellKOBbIH 6aTaJIbOH. I'onosaoa ytiop . paCnOJI3aBWHeC5! (l1. Kasxascxoro rppoirra reuepana OT HHcPaHM. CT5IHYTble JIMWb MeH3-3a csepxy WHypKaMH.HH llo6pOBOJlblJeCKHe YTBep)[{. OllHaKO Y)I(e 9 cPeBKJIanaHaMI1 KOpHanpaBMJI KH).OMOCTb cPOPMhI OLl. l-Iel1MeHHeM canor ('1YIHI- . Ii KOHHYJO H opexa.Uhl. CKOro nyxa H rroseztet TaM.n. . Bcero 2-11 I10JIK nexornun Kapccxnn rpY3l1HCKOrO KOHHbl.J1H panopr: cynrecrsyioumx nnenanecer HOBbIM ynap K llaJIbHenweMY rroCO- xero qapblxH npHXO. rpY3HHaMH.HXJIHHCKHW rJIaBKoMY CJlellYIOllJ.K . Iloronu T. rpY3HHCKoro . C03L(3S3BwerOCH crana KOHH351 POCCMl1CKOti: J1Mnep3TOp)!(e CKOH apMHH. apMHH HH)f(eHlUO XpaHHJIC51.OlUBbI. COCTaB - rrepao113pyc- cnerxa cy)!(aBWa51C51 xsepxy H34aJIbHbIH: YHTep-0cPHlI.POMHTHOti: nO.1I.lIH nonroro HCn0J1b30BaHl1.MBH3MI1.n.OnOJIHHTeJIbHO».. CWHTble Be3 KO)!(H.UYlOmero OllHaKO 1918-1919 6pl'ITaHCKOe l1CnOJIb30BanOCb rypeuxoe o6MYHaHpoBaHHe.Ll.JI5I.pOM COTHH .e)[{. TenJIOe B see apMHH LlOCTaTOK 06MYH.1I. 2 ropusre 2 crpenxonue HH)f{eHepHbll1 apTHJIJIepnMCKHe xonao-ropayio MOpTHpHbrfi VI 60Tl1HOK lJaCT5IM BbI.nanaxa.

IJ. rrepeuue11 peopraaasorBap. rpY311HcKoti r.HJ1H:caneppora. rrse Bhle .OSOJ1bCTBHJ1 HaXO. qeJIOBeK. Ilexory COCTaBJ15IJ11112 neXOTHbIX B 60 TbIC. nOCTOHHHhIX rBap.ll. aBT03CKa)l..HOH aBr03CKa.1111BXO.t1. 3 aprtiparansr. nei1Co1918 r.). KaTepOB Ha J1M: s TOUKH maWKH. .HOH rBap. KI1HJKaJIhI H y:aCTWfHO - omroro cocrasa peopranasoaanu B 3 ne-rersipexoaransonnorc COCTaBa. pannorenerparpaaa aBTOM06HJ1bHaH CTBH5I:X npOTJ. K BpeMeHH nesiersr «JTbIOHC».ll.llHBH3HH. WKOJIa C llByxrO..ll. sa TOM0611J1eti:. B HIOJIe 1918 r ..HaH rsapnaa 61l.ll.llH.IJ. a raxxe ewe M0611J1113aUI1H ynpaBJ1eHI1H.UHJ1H: OC06blH pa MeCTHblX nOJIKa. HIM.l1JUI I-Hn acero map. r.ll. HJIa 113 3 JIerKHX a raxxe HblH B llHBJ. 6poHeBoti: SOMCK BXO.WIHbIM APMHH HH)!(eHepI-lO-TeXHWleCKHx 6anulboH. (52 0PY.pOH C fiponeC MapTa 6wIa apMwI fpY3Ji1H OTP5l.l1a coszrana B rpY3l1H nOCJTe OKT5l6pH BaJIaCb Kpacaon 1917 nraurxn. CTapWI1. raapaaa B cocroHe:18 6a- nOJ1KOB Tpex6aTaJIh- J1HCb B O.eJ1hHble HH)i(. )!(e 6aTaJIbOHa.ll. AB11alUKOJIY 11mKOCPJlOT COCTO. (no 20 cavoneron) POTb!. (MeCTHbIX YMHOB T.ll.ll. 2 xpenocrasrx nOJ1Ka.1. K apMHH OTHOCI1JIaCb TaK)!(e rrorpaHJ1lIHa51 CTp3)!(a urraf 11 7 IJOJ1KOB (B K3)!(.llHBJ. Ma3HHalUsMlIH. KaBaJIepHHcKHti: neXOTHblX 6blJ1H nOJ1K H BoeHHa51 UIKOJ1a.e.l1eil.Hblti:. H nepBOHa1faJ1hHO Ha311naprna 06XO. «KOJIhT1> 11 «JIhlOHC».I1BH3110H (2 TaHKa 6 6poHenOe3JlOB. mTbIKOB. peUIJ.ll renerparpncroa.llHBI13l:1$l HapO. KOMaHnaMJ.e.IJ.LlOJ1)KHOC- B3BOJ1. B5I:wa51 rpY3HHCKaH MeHbUIeBHCTCKaSl raapnmo r. Kapa6HHbI.U}fHapoAHaJI 6aTaJlbOHoB.13HJ. peaom.l1aBHblH B03J1araJIOCb odnurep BhTXsacreii.3HOH.IJ. BXO.1JIa YCMJIJ.HBH3MH.I1H no urrafi. )l06POB0J1blJeCKOH rpespam. paaonuue nOCT051HHhlX npaBI1TeJ1bCTBY.UHa .sepu «naran» rty- sna 113 4 perynapasrx cay-rae r. ApsreapMHI1 (cpeB- BbI. aecrpoe- na . xae asaaorpnna 6poHenOe3.a J1I1CbTHCPJ111CCKHH 11 nonxa. B 1920 -racrn nO)I. fpy3HH YQaCTBOBaJ1a B 60eBblx (JIeTOM roro 1919 )!(e rona).) ill peeDCP . uiaurxn.1XCH no OpraHI13aUMe. TIPI1 KOHHbIH ApTl1JIJIepHH OTJ1. B KaBaJJe- PYCCKue B11HTOBKH .Ll. nOJIKOB C2 BoeHHOH mJ. Poccuu HI1H (. apMl151 fpy3J.UeBHTb XOTHbIX TaKHM nOJ1Ka 06pa30M 3rOMY nepaon nexore oopasua soopyxeann 10 napoxonon.2 xoaao-rnapnejicxnx POTh!.llOM.HBH3HOHOB.I1BI13HCTOJlhKItX 6poHeaB- HBJIHJ1aCb tll1CTO I carrepaoro OHOB. Bcero nex.HJ1aCb21 TbIC. B3BO. no OKTH6pb 1920 r. B aPTHlIJ1ePHH0pY. xacrea 6aTaJIbOl-l . aprfipnrana. peopraanaosaaa.eHepHa5l.OJIBM31-fH.LlpOHOB H.. pYCCKMe 1891 4 onnoro MI1HHbIX apMMI1 COCT05IBHHM KaBKa3CKHe M rpexmnrertnsre Haraaa pesonsnepst qaCTH'IHO CHCTeMbI nyne- «MaKCHM».UeKa6pb (oceu b 1918 - OTP$lA (15 6poHeaBToMo6vmeH). xonno-canepaaa rpY3HHCKaJI xoaao-ropaas 6aTapeSl).H. B K urotpepos rrpa asropore. yrtpaanenae xoprryca.eCTBOBaJIa ray6J1lIHoti H TST)!(eJ1oti6arapeti.HOH CBe.LleHHbIX 3 27 TbIC.H PYKOBOJ1.1H. urauiex. B nee BOUIlIH 3 rrexormre . aa aoeuasrx 06pa30M. 11MeKyraaccxaa xapaynsimre 6aTaJIhOH1!..131151 nome 11 6aTaJ1hOHOB (1 ap. ropnsre oopasua 'rex )!(e ronon H 48-JII1HeHHble ray6MUhl ofipasua 1909 r. B COCTaB aBTOTaHKO- )!(elIe3Ho. T.MMOCTH Mo6HJ1H3aUHH TaKI1M SKJ1lO'laH o6pa30M.UI1H) COCTOapT. H T. Ornensnsre CrpeJ1KOBbIti: 6aTaJIbOH H KOHHaSl Mapra 6aTaJ1bOH.1Tb KpacHYIO HOBaJIa ee B Hap0. 3 ThIC.1B TYPUI1I1 BeTCKO. KypCOM (B navane noerrao-vseonan o6Y4eHI15I. M06ulIM3aUHH) Ona COCT051JIa 113 peKOMnJ1eKTOBaBtlaC6bfJIO.ll. 6hI1lattaCTWlHO CCPOpMHpoBaH 4-H J1eKOTOPOH KOMaHnOBM TIOMY )Ke CCPOpMHpoBaHa 1919 3-51: ape.UHY. B CJ1Ynpezmonaranoci. acero 2-ti 60J1ee KOMaHLI.). pesonsaepu cacrevsr Haraaa 11 nyneerersr <mblOI1C».H J1.lleJlbHblti: nOJIK rpy3I1HO- H 23 Ka)J.UHYlO BMa TaKHM sepaa reti:.UparYHCKOKaBKa3CKue H ro ofipaaua.llHBH3HI1 CBO.Jle)KaJIl1 rsapnaea.. H aBHaUHOH- 1918 r.UU- BH3HH. Hapornras HapO. HapOJ1.H5l: pycCKHe nerxae otipasua 1900 11 1902 rr. B aaxanax.eHH51 BKJ1lOqaJIH BoeHHYlO BoeHHo-MoPCKOM KOHTPMHHoHocua.ll.ll. KpenOCTHblX B apMl110 nOJIKOB.Uml. KaBaJIepl1MCKl1e MycYJ1bMaHCKHH. H aBT06pOHeBa$l.UH.HblH COCTaBHMeHOBaJ101 . npaasars Fsapnaen MeCTax B (HX 6bl. pervnspasre Hapomroa COCTOHJIa 113 16 neXOTHbJX MeHCKaH . KOHue reuepan MeHH B anpens 6blJl 3aHOBO (rrOJ1K) I-H )l. nonsana He 2 KOHHhlX 6aTaJIbOHOB. urrafiu.HCH HenOCpellCTBeHHO yrrpanneune COCTaB 15) H. nOJ1KOB.OB.UHH.K 25 cpeBpaJUI 1918 r. rtexorusie xasanepmo OKpY)!(Hble HapO.lUl M3 4 MCTpe611Te. Ha1fMe rHOH KOHHbTX 6bIJlH CCPOpMHposaHbr: fpY3HHCKl1e CTpeJIKO(TpH KOHHaJI 6pllfa.ll. napTI1HHo ti: c TaJIbOHOB.HOH raapnnu) 5 nOJleBhIX (JIerI10HoB).l10 H5IBilll1. rBapJlHH nOlIKH It OT.UopO)!(HaH 11 OTAeJibHOrO cyw.1 11 4 apr.Ll. H 26poHeaBTOM06HJ1H). r. Kposre roro. Boeaao-yseoasre 3aBe. urrafie 6araJ1bOHOB. 1feJ1OHe C1fI1Ta5I UITa60B. O. pYCCKl1e srannua f.ll.IO.HJI f. TpM nexoraae . MeThl pHM H WKOJTY. HapOJ1. MOpTI1PHbIH .a H fpY3l1HCKlfH rOpHHCKI1H COTHH. raapnnn. rtparBap.BH. rpY3HHCKag rpY3HHCJU1X KOMaH.ll0 4 orpanos).UOM HaJI or J1y 3. canepasnt 6aTa11boH.

MTIaCaMHIf3 MaJUIHOOOH TeChMhI (BHe B COKHM.2 CM. B 1918 r. orpmrepcxice qHHbI B rpY3HHcKOH 3PMHH p33nHQan.>I paapenranocs uraposap C J1a.poPMY o.fTHOro UBeTa... peBOJ1bBepHOH nMeBllIMMM BHe CTPO.llHpb[ pauaue 6aTaJ1bOHOB H naua OT apyra c H~IMI1 no A01DI(HOCTI1 I nonce KS TeCbM bl 3 nOnOCKI1 TeCbMbl nOMOWHHKJ1 ~I JUlUa.HCb K3K rroroaassn. BB.. palltlblC no OllJK_HOCTI1 2 nCpCI1JICTCHHblC I 1l01l0CKH TCCbMbl 2 nCpCnJICTCUHble nOHOCKH TCChMbl KOMSttllHPhl panuue 6PHra1l. Ha norax .>I)lOnYCKaJlcJ[ Y3Kl1i1: rpY31HICKHll O¢HuepOB nOHcHOH If CTO.BOeHHbIH rrepnon . HOCHJIH .>I urarrxa (B . TYlll.l.>I. xamrran. [OJJOBHOM If CTpo.5 CM . 6anlJlbOHOB C HI1MH no pasnue [ nonocxa TCCbMbl 2 rrOJIOCKI1 1'eCbMbl !tPYI' ua paCCTOlllHIH 0.HeBHa. B apMIU1 cyuiecoqmuepcKHe qHHhI.H aanmrnoro 11.3QOB. OOJleBa5l' ¢opMa COOT. B 191:9r. onaaxo n01l. reaepan-nerrrenaar.a.UbI 6hmllleH 3aKoHoM B H BMeCTO HHX 6hUIH llOJDKHOCT. POCCH'HCKOH I1MIJepaTopcKoH npaBMTeIIbCTBa nsezreaa BoopY)J(eHHbIX nOBCe)l. cpopMa COCTOH)[(e uaera UBeTa C noroIf Orpanepcxas rra If3 rppeava HaMI1 HhlMH rpY3HHCKOH 5.1l0JlJKliOCTI1 111~IHCTpa. 11 11M ua.0Jl)I'J'IOCTI1 Ha 1 11 nopOTHHKe Ha 06WJlRrax MJlMWI1e o(p~[uepbl nOJlOCK3 TCCbMbl [ nOJlOCKS TCCbMbl Crapuiue Jlwua. naJIbTO -' craporo pyccxoro ofipasua.. BBelleHhI BoeHHOapMJ1J1. reHepaJI-M3HOP.).5 CM.>I'll1M BOPOTHHKOM.ll.113 Tom )[(e MaTepHaJla. C HHMI1 no . 6hlJ1a 13KO)!(H 1lI11M C ca- 31 HIOJUI 1919 129 OT H Orpnuepcxaa KOJ1 )J(e. oqmll.BeTa. C noronaaa .>I.3 TKaHH 3alUH.p06HOCTH 06 3TI1X anaxax pa3JIH'IIDI AO cax nop HeIf3BeCTHbI. HO HOCH. rrosroursro J1eHTO'leK. rr.>I3aTe)1hHblM 6b])10 .>I no yxoposenmre.>IM.llOJl)KHOCTH KOMaH.f1 KOM<1HllHPbl H JlHU<1. HO npn HeM 06.OJDKHOCTHbIe 30am pa3JJH"IHft ofiep- H wTa6-oIJJH~epoB H renepanos L1.Cpbl.HeBHa.pans-vapr 1921 r .YIOWHrl 2 nonocu 301l~OToro ranyna 1LII1p~!I-[Qfi I CM 2 nonocu aonororo faJIYHa lLIHPHtlOfi I CM Boenuoro COBCTa . MaMOp. ):(0 1919 r. 'l(lcTefi KOMaHJlMpOB OTllCJlbHblX C fHIM. TaKl1X )[(e xoporxxx TBOBaJlH repuaacxoa apMHIf: neMTeHa:HT. 3H3KH pa3JJWIH. nO.LI.BeTCTBOBana KapaYJlhHOH.JlaCb C K06YPOH roneumna. TaK H KO[HtleCTBOM npO)lOJTbHhIX TeChM5fHhIX nonOCOK na UBeTHhlX npssroyronsnux nernauax.BeTa) 11' c secaa . JlI1KI1 6bma nonesan xapaynsxas cpopMa JlJ[5f orpauepos nOBCe)lHeBHa5f ceporo 3aWHTHoro lJ:epKeCKIf H COJ1)laT.pPaHUY3Cxoe xemr H. fl '1JICHbl I nonoca 301l0TOro ranyua WI1PIHION I CM [ nonoca 30JlOTOrO ranyaa WI1PI1HOA 1 CM nOMOLmll1K Boeauoro rmlBHoKoMa~I. 3a:HMCTBOBaHHhle 113 06lllifTbI lJ:epHhlM KaHToM).n:aBJIeHHH MeCTnero cerraparncrcxoro )lBIDKeHHH.~~05J Ha MO)KHO 6LIIIO <Dpewl a 'lep- 1918-1919 r .!J. TaK cancra cane-cepsre maposayOOp: rranaxa ronytioaaro-ceporo IJ.>ICHhIM peMHeM KapaYJ1bHa51 <j)opMa M3 CblPOMJITHOM BhICOKl1e CHJI pecny6- M nODCe. OHM.THOro 11. KaK PMHOH norasnr.H KapMaHaMl1 (KapMaHbl H 60PT 2 aarpynsepxecxa pesteurox. CTapWHH netrreaaar. a TaIOKe B no. cancra C nsiHOC!lThK3K aarrpanneansre psi). KOM311ilHpOIJ nOllKOB PSI3HblC C HI1MI1 no ilOJI%HOCTI1 I nepennereuuan nonocxa TCCbMbl 3 nCpCnJlCTCHHblC nOJlOCKH TCCbMb[ nOMOWHJ1K11 6pWnlJl. 6bl1H1 OTMeHeHhI cnyxaunre .lJ.11'3 rxaH.e)l(rpY3H'H sa N2 nyrosausr. H3 CYKHa 3aJ.HHCKa.H roJJe~ HOCHTb 06YBh KeCKa C H IIaJ1bTO sacrerasanacs .BeTa 113 OBe'TheH uiepcra Bbl~OTOJ1: 13. nOJIKOBHHK. nns Bee IIP01l3D0J1hHblX'<oQPa.HQF~ C ooMoTKaMH. 'raxoro C nOrOHaM.

Y reuepanos CM.bl H CHap5J)I(eHHe HO OHI1 6blJIH KpOMe .!l. nsa 1l0ACYMKa.uH. rtoronax - BI15J YHHOB B HapOD.OJ1)KHOCTeM na 060HX npJ.aaJIO aaponoraapneauen C COOTBeTCTBYlOlli. ny-nnero KOpOTKl1e HOCKH.llaM SOHCK: . 06MYH.aoro urrada . KOH . llIHHeJ1b C BbJCOKHMI1 TaKaJI )[(e.eB.n.1rpeuazuca OPY.HCh MeTaJIJIHyeCKl1e UH.3 VI xeraepraa.HTHOrO KOMY OHH 6hUIH usera. iueunue (OPY.llJ1H neXOTbI BHHTOSKJ.KH soemroro EaTaTlbOHbI H 6aTapeH 0603HalJ. 3HaKH HO TOJ1bKO 6e3 nepennereaas.1.I1H He cyurecrso- Ha5J. 6pHra)lbl non - H renepansi HMeJ111 rrpaao HOCHTh rpaxBe. HOCHJlH.llJ15I KOHHJ. crpopC M soemronneaPOCCHH OT)J. KaK 11JII1 raJIYHOM.1.5 H 06ep-0<pH)l(e WHpHHhJ: .II.1WI1BaJIHCb: -.1 I-H MlilPOBOH C KpaCHOH ApMHen npHHHMaJIJ. ITPI1 xa11 nOJ1eBOH cpopMe. KaKHe HY ry- .llJ1H xaBOHCK H.H HJIH xparn.eB 6b1JII1. 6hlBWHX na 3.eJIeHH- unpxym.aHT»ce TYJJ.1Ubl KV1pKa -MOTblra JII1. 06YBh nanaxa.n:O][)KHOCT5JX.H3 TKaHH3alll. Y xouaazmpa OmeJ1eHHH 2. npmKI1BaBUlHX CllOBaKOB.pa sasona 3. KaK H D.1UepOB 30JIOTOn 0.HOWeHJ1e paYJIhHOH nOJ1eBOH CYMKI1 11 611HOKJUl. uaponoraapneauau 6blJIO BbID. B aBTOMOAKTI1BHOe MHpOBaHHble pyxara)<LraCTHe B 60Pb6e 113 .1UepOB urrafios 11rorrorparpoa TaH.beJ:t WH.BeToB.llJ.UePbl. H.eJIbHhln xoprtyca. nanarxa uraaue- 6Pl1TaHCKOe 3HaKOB 06 MYH.1e Oe. rOJleHH ll(aM 11 .. TaKHe '1V!H. Bell(MeWOK Ha 3HaKH nse nsa orpanepcxux no ponaa BOMCK COBna.epKeCKa. Illrropsr BHe HOCHlll1 re.cppaMH. . COOTBeTCTBOBaJIa KapaYJIbHOH. IIoBce. YCTaHOBJ1eHHble. cartorn - a Y serepnna- CKOM CKJIane B T. 6aTapeH rroronax nsre aosiepa.OMCTBa KaK H D.UHHeHH5J.llaM soopyxenae BOHCK. SIX sax B aBTOM06HJlb.1HOMB uepos sanepior )1)151rtexoru o<pJ. H OBelJ. 6aTaJIbOHOB aa HJII1 CYKOHPHMCK. Y urrafi- 1l011pa3D. urrafia - aBCTpHHCKHX B POCCMJ. 06MOTKH Kapa- YJIhHa5J ¢opMa nOJ1eBaH HO npu ¢opMa KaK H nOBCe)lHeB- 1920 sarro f.uaT 6hIJ1a rauiapopeuens.ll1IH . 1 rr0J10CKa TeChMhI no uaery poaa noacx.n..LI:I1pOBaHHe.nHpoBaHH5I. 6blJIH BhIH HHCTpYMeHT. JIJlpHOH apMHJ1.uC)'MOK.HoJ:t pO.tleM BoopY)KeHHeM COJwaTCKHX BonbCTBH5I MeTaJl. . a perYJI5IpHbIX LJaCTHX.HeBHa5J sapu.aHO HOBoe I-13-3a fBapD. reppnropaa BOHHbI: nOJ1hCKHH asponnan. HO TOJIhKO C BhmYKJIblMI1 HamrDHaJIhHhIX KOHueHTpl1pOBaHHhJMH UBeTOB.llOJDKHO 6b1J10 06wHBaTbC5I 6bIJ1H raxoa ropa - )Ke TechMOH xpyrava «CH- BOpoTHHKe. e. na rJIaBHOM BpaLJeH npHllIHBaJIHCb CHHl1e KpeCThI.HM HOPMhI Bhlwe.1 BOJ. a raiose oomrepon I'enepam. - Ferrepansaoro nepe6e)KLJHKOB )10 BOHHbI 51 BJI5IJIC5I. HO 6e3 .nJl51 norpana-msrxuacrea r·laUI10HaJ1bHO-OCB06o.HTeJ1hrorna soeaaas KaKH ¢opMa.OJDKHOCTHbIX 3HaKOB Pa3JII1- Houepa pacnonaranncs y BoeHHhIX asre B nexafipe sanacsr 1920 r. H n05JCHo.JIHlJ. CTPOH orpa- . sepuaa.llHH J. xpyrnyio. croponax BOpOTHHKa xpacnsre.llJ1H TeMHO-)£{eJl- WeJ1KOBaH TeCbMa TaKoH recssra CI1H5IH. crpopaoeny:eXOB J.nJ1H cneunansnux lJexOCJTOBaUKHH 113 6bTBWHX xopnyc. 06paMJIeHHYJO noJ1YKpyrJ1bIMI1 )l(eJITbIMI1.sepao-tieno-xpartonort). apa6CKHMI1 I1X nepecexaroiuaa. AKceJ1b6aHThI. 6pHTaHcKaH HMeJ1HCb He3HaY.I1K 6b1J1 OKaHTOBaH TecbMOH 11.1HCKJ.aHCKOe nnarse.I1qmHce rtocrynana <DopMa H.0 06SnaTeJ1hHhIM Odnnrepsr xoxapay ro paaee otipasua (T.HMH.HOB: Y ecj:>pen- soxpyr xoxapnsr - pa3J1HYH5I HIDKHHX 5JHHe».llHTeJIbHOrO «neruouep- .eCKHe crreuB apMeHCKHX IT penrnrcsrsan OCb H ocars H BH. TaK11MH)[(e.1PJ.ll06POBOJIhu.UJ151 BOeHHOCJIY)KaWHX neXOTHblX nOJIaraJI. -racrsro iii . pa3J111YI15J. OCPH. 3eJIeHa5l. rraponorsapKaYeCTB nexaope OTCyrCTee no 1l0B yaCT5IX pery'rorc.1I5IocpHuepoB:lJ. as rerrepanos ztomrmxo urepcrn. JIYH WJ.a apTI1JIJ1eplll1cKHX )1H. B aBHaUI1H ronorpadnorecxux 11 TpeyrOJ1bHI1K.e)J(ll.1 B HbIX-HHOCTpaHueB nepnon nepnoti lJexOCJ10BaUKHM OT)1eJ1bHbIH MJ.U'bJOTaHTCKHX . . y 3aMeCTHTeJl51 KOMaHD. 01I. Bpaxa H LJHHOBHH.Q1Hl pa3JIHLJ11H D. TOJ1bKO na peaue HeH HOCHJlHCb: H KOTeJlOK. . na 06eHX pOB - -)I(e <ppeHlJ.H. QeXOCJ10BaUKOro o<pJ. LJH.l106POBOJlbueB tra J. H.H no.aJIHCb cneU3HaKaMH. aoro na y odnruepoa r. a Y crapnnmsr . CYmeCTBOBaBUleB CTPOlO soeaaux HbIX WKOJI - KpaCHa5J (y JOHKepOE raxxe r0J10B- BOpOTH. . cpopMa D. aa H rrepssrx CpOKOE.H H qel1KeCKM.e. HOWeHl1e HMeJ1H a TalOKe ca6J1I1. -repao-fienoKpanOBYlO OT ueirrpa K KpaJO. noneaas H C KOJlbHMI1.BH3HOHOB uepu npucaoenst.nfl51 HH)KeHepHbIX 611JIbHbIX llaCTHX - -racrea: y cxpeureanste canepos - '1EXOCJIOBAl(KI1f1 KOPlTYC ('IEXOCJIOBAIJJ(MI APMI1H) B OT.n:J15[ o<pH- nepos. B cxpeureunsre CKpeweHHhIX aprumrepmr rpenan-llepHoro ca6- KOH nocpennae UBeTa). 6blJ1a MaJIHHOBaH.1~1 rrunaioiuea C nse .)I(e.. HHTeHJJ. .1pOBaHHblH HOnJleHHbIX. y60pa HaUllOHaJIb- 6hrJ1.MeJlCH O. <peCTOHaMJ1).HCKOH uranxn.lleHu.1I5I COJl.EJIbHblH cxpe- roccna 11 J10naTa.

5lL(POM xoprtyca 113 PYCCKI1X OHa QeXOCJIOBau. 6bJJIa 2 HOBaHa B qexOCJIOBaUKHM CTpeJTKOBbIll rrOJIK. j(umepuxc (1874-1937). 6b1Jl CcP0PMl1.qexOCJIOBau.JlynOM. po BaH 3-H BOllleL(WI1H L(OCTHTa.rra qexOCJIOBau. TbIC.lLTIaCb aa CQeT nepe6e)J(QHKOB 1916 r.Kozo «opuyca.BeHrp11I1 xopnyc 11 fepMaHlIJI.Ha'laJlbltUK Ulma6a OmiJeJlbnOlO qexocJlo6au. cxoror L(BlDKeHIDl. ABCTPO.KOTOPOH qeXOCJlOBaUKHH CTpeJIKOBbIll 6-7 B fiparany. 11 60neperoae- KaH ))'06POBOJIbQeCKa51 ))'py)KHHa eHHOIlJIeHHbIX ropsn.JlbCKUM 3ul3alOo6pfl3nbiM l(J.KYJO 2 MapTa 1917 r. senoaex 4HCJleHHOCTb Examepuntiype. 1918 e.qex11 PYCCKHM nernono BOOpj')KeHHbiX KpynHbIM H CJIOBaKH Ha3bIBaJIH 11 113 scex CPOpMHpOBaHliH: tIHCJIeHHOCTH.K. na lpyiJU .y3cKuu opiJen «Sa eoeunue 3aCllYZU» C Me'laMU (PEA KfP)l).KOlO Kopnyca Zenep(J.Kl1X OH 6bIJI caMblM 5lBJI5IJIaCb CCPOpMHpOBaHHaH B nonaaaasrx 1914 r. 1918 e. . pada qexoCJIo8au. KOrrOJIKa (no 4 arrpenx pa3BepHYJIC51 B 8 pOT crperrnOJIK.Jl-Maiiop M.(900qeJIOBeK). H B nasane nOnOJlH.ppanu. cocraaasunrx KOBYIO 6pl1. Hapoonas Ka)j(L(bu1). Ha pYKa6e 6uona omsusumensuan 3M6J1eMaIiaUlU6Ka c lenep(J.ra.n:y. crannaurero uensio crpaasr L(OCTHno- )J(eHlfe He3aBMCMMOCTM csoea xepes paxenne HOM.

1ti . 4enOBeK B COCTaBe .l(11DI13H.a06'heKTHBHbIX H cy6beKTHBHbIX rrpH4HH. 'uYXOHMH paspeuran CCPOPMHPOsars OT)lenbHbln QexOCJ10BaUl<H. KpOMe Tore.LI.H B 1-ti IlOJIbCKMI1 xoprtyc non KOMaHlI. (H:J C06pUIIWl M.IaCTblO cppamzy3cKoH apMIDl. OH n06bIBaJ1 B 605IX npOTHB xacryrraaurnx repMaHo-aBCTpHnCK. xenoaex). 6 aBrYCTa 1917 r.JIepVIHCKI1X TeXHWleCKI1.U0po2ICHoti MarMCTpaJ1I1. 11 aasanocs CjJOPMHpoB3HJlle 2-i1.KOBbIX llHBH3UH.(erO renepanneMTeHaHT H.l1X sojicx.pCKOH )I(eJIe3Ho.exOCJIOBaUKYJO apMI1lO B POCCMI.a.ITepl1XC).a 6bIJTa pasneprryra B 1-10 y.) O« ooem 8 pyCCKyW noxoonyfO fjJOPMY. 26 CeHTJl6pR Ha<IanbHUK urratia Bepxosnoro rJIaBHOKoMaH.11. D.KHe BOUHK CKHe lJaCTH6bIJlO saeepfiosaao oxono 22 TbIC.11.LI.OBaHHeM renepan-nesreaarrra IO.l1HeHMn.UeH B TblJI na oxpauy CM6H.oB6op-MywHMUKora.13-i1 Ilonecxnx crpeJJ.1918 rr.ax pOCCUHCKon apMID1 CJly)K11JIO 119 renepanos.CbK M3BeCTMJO o 60JlbmeBI1CTCKOM nepenopore B Ilerporpaae. no COfJI.-fH peC illeHlliIMH npecT-JIHTOBCKOfO coaercxo-repnancxoro MHpHOrO norosopa. B O)lHOKMeHHylO .B 1920 r. 60JJhillHHCTBO M3 KOTOPbIX 6bIJI11 nOJJ5IKaMI1. 3anaCHOH 6pHra.O6POBOJIbUeB.aCOBaHHIO nepC )l(aBaMH NuaHTbI.UmOK. 15 (28) 5IHBap5I 6bm 06bSlBJleH aBTOHOMROM.f M OTBe.OBaHJIleM reaepan-uaaopa B.UByX. Hexocnosauxaa xoprryc tistn rtepenveaoaan B Y. . paasepHyrblH TI03. Bee OHI1 BOlllJI.IIUllOfJa. KOMaH)lOBaHMe .Ha<IaJIa 1919 r. 1 cpeBpamJ: 1919 r.nyca. 1917 .fJICSl B COCTase K IOro-3arrauHoro cppOIiTa H B COOmeTCTBJ.11 aa Bonre 60eBbix .I.1l. IIoJIhcKOH sanacnoa CTpeJ1KOBO..alJHhIXH10HbCKMX 60eB non 360pOBbIM.LI. OCTaBaJ1C51 aa aHTH60JIbilleBMCTcKOM cppoHTe.exOCJIOBau.H xoprryc t{MCJ1eHHOCTblO oxono 30 TbIC. Ocenuo 1914 r. B TOM )l(e rony 6.1KOM urraca xopnyca CTaJI reaepan-vaaop .LXanbHH. nocne Y.K. )l. xopnyc OKa3a:J1C5I uearpe pa3. Ozmaxo pyccxoe KOMaH.M.LI.llbllOlO lfeXOCJl06au.l1Jl0 rrposeneann B nOJIbCKMXllaC- OfjJuu.. eM KaK xoprryc aa-ramr nepefipacuT sars ira .1H.l(Hee B nOJIK B asrycre )Ke ua-ranocs CPOpMI1pOBaHMe 2-11 J.H.blna C03 ana Ilonscxaa crpenxoBa51 6pnra. neperpopnaponanasni B rpeapane 1915 r.ep OmOe.U KOMaHD.X 11 xacrea (scero OKOJIO 24 TbIC. ' TIepe.. B ronu I MI1POBOti BonHbl B P5I.UHBH3JifIO asrycre OHa nonysa(B JIa N2I-H).IO(4 ncnxa). 113 nOJIHKOB 6bIJl opraHM30BaH IIYJlaBcKMn JIemOH.UeticTBH. OHM OTKa3aJ1MCbnO)l1ClmmTbC5I npnxaay aoaoro KOMaH)lOBaH.P.IaJ1bHJ. oxorro 20 TOIC.LI.H 6pnrazrsr.bI fIO. B onOJI4eHCKYIO .H.MJlJ.PY)l(HHYH 2 KaB3CKa)lpOHa. 3aTeM.BepHYDWHXC5I B B CH6HPH . oprrycHaXO.n:JIIBI13J.u. ocemr B 4eXOCnOnaIl.UYlOll. a TaK)Ke apTMJI.KUii Ul.KOlO Kop. B CHJIY pH. sepea BJla)lHBocTOK apMM5I 61ma 3BaKYHpoBaHa na pO)lHIfY· nOJlLCKME BOHCKA B COCTABE PYCCKOiI M BEJIblX APMHH.UHBI13HH H.0 KOHua 1918 . . Illoxoposa (HaI.n:OBaHl1eHe peWMHOCh na cosnanae HaUMOHaJlhHhlX BOl1HCKl1XCoe)l. 1918 ·-1919 e. odmuepoa 11 700 rsrc.H BOCTOK JlJl5I OTnpaBKM B EBpony.I1BM3110H. 6pHra. ua pyxaee 8UOell 'texOCJl08UU.LXJ.11.1LIHbri1 COCTaBKOprryca pe3KO OTpMuaTeJIbHO OTHeCJlll. .D. connar PMMcKO-KarOJlHxecxoro neponcrroaenamra. xaaanepas IIYJIaBcKoro nenrona ofipasoaana YJIaHCKJ.1<YlO c1peJlKoBYIO .1l. passeprryraa 24 5IHBap5I 1917 r.n npornn 60JIbillemfKOB M.

TI1 B 6o~ BbIHYJ].llaBaJlC~ 3aBepwHrb reaepana B )l(uero TOMJ. ocpHLl. xoprryc apMHI1 1917-1918 ee.fb C BMeCTe 19 na 20 B BocnomcpeBpaJIH 3aKJIIOt{e- II Onecca.OM3-H Ll. B H01. araKOB.JeHbI apMHH.HJlM xoprryc B KanHryJIHpOBaTb CJlY)I(J1BWHX qacB H pa30pY)[(HTbC5I.HM 11 arrpens B palioue r.llOJDKHO 6bfJIO 6blTb 192 orpnnepa.bI. Kaaeaa repvaausr C nOMOlI(blO YKpaHHCKHX(JaCTeti.llaT H 7 Bpa'feM.!a- cosoro cu. nOJlhCKHX B Mypsraacxe Cesepnoa Poccan». 33XBa- OTpH.Ulamca-KollfjJeoepamKa C nO.HIb nOJUIKaMH aacrynaeuurx repMaHCKHX BOHCK na socrox. IIocJ1e OTaeMeUKoro YJIbTHMaTYMa ascrpoua CTOPOHY 1918 r.XOLl. K3APOB.!Ie60M pyKu6e HaUlU6KU C 3uz3azoo6pa3HbIM eenepanscsau« Zil/lylIOMj UlUIIMb pyccxoeo o6pa:Jll. ITo MaH. KOMaHJ]. BKJIIOl.JacrHOC- o Kamrl'ymll. opraHH3aUI1IO Ml1 BOHCKaMM Bcero M. non A3BJIemfeM IlOJlhCKI1i1 ropon BCTynI1J1H COrJIaWeHHlO C repaancxav KOnOJlbCKHe lJ:aCTH OCTaJIHCh B BecpeBpaJI5I 21 Epueaollblii eeuepa« (6b16U1uii zellepilll-Muiiop PoccuiiclCoii HMnepamopclCoii apMUU l-eo llO.ll.HH .1pe~ BJ. rett MaHCK 51BJI5IJIOCh oKKynHpoBaHHoH MecTaMH 6bIJIH apMl1H.) Ha . ¢OPMHPOBaJICfI B ero na cocras.pa perYJI5IpHOH 6YAyruei1 COCTaB ero nesa6bIJI BI1CHMOH pacnyureu.aMH.TID: H COeAMHeHH5lX BbI60pOB nYCHOH KOMllTeTbI. 48 COJI. ascrpo-nearepcxa4 neXOTHblX 0 J. renepan 7 Tannep 06b5IBI1JI I10JlhWH.llI1BH3UH He YJ].r(aMH EeJIOPyccKOH na oxxyrraposainron HeMLl. 06HOBUJIU HHeM 18 orcryrurn. nOJ1bCKl1e 'laCHI BaHHblMH THJII1 MHHCK. EOJIbWMHCTBO HeM nOJ1JIKOB llBHHYJlOCb paaone koropoti eme Ilonsckoro xoprryc rrozt reHHHHr-Ml1xeJIHCa nanpaunenaa Onec- YJ]. rep12 anpena 1918 r.1 TM. B COCTaBe PYCCKOH ap- 6bIJIO CCPOpMHpoBaHo YJIaHCKHX nOJI5IKOB. BOCTOqHOH Jlero» 1918 r.KUii (1869-1939). DOH B paaoae Poraxesa.oBaHHeM C03. I'annepa) MbIHHH. PI1TOPl1H.llpa3. nOJUIKH 1. c PYCCKUMU :JICenemsuuau»: FOJl0611oii y60p . npepsaaaoe C 60JIbWeBHKaMH.HblH.1Lla (noaanee reuepana fO. reppl1TopHH 1.I( nOJIbCKHX «OTP5I. C KOHLl. xopnyc non KOMaHllOBaHI1eM reuepana CTaHKeBJ.aJIOCb. ueJIbIO CKl1e CTpeJIKOBbIe norepn. . 6bfJIM BeHrepCKOM POCCHHCKOH COrJIaCHO Beccapatina.llilllacuoc-lPepHulIoeca.J. cpeBPaJI51 repuancxne pajioa opramrsauaa HIDKHllH CrpeJIKOB fepMaHHeH H ABcTpo-BeHnOJlhCKI1X HOSfOPOJ]" BbI6paHbI nepevnpas soaaaruacs 3TI1M.ep)KHBaJIHCb 3.HBH31111HX OCTaTE06pYHCKa BOHCKa pa30p)')KJ1Tb l1X OKa3aJIJ1 O)l(eCTO- peansno u 1917 r. B K3)Kt(OM JIemOHe . C03AaH1!lH IlOJIhCKOH KOTOPOH rpueH.bJ. C HeLl. 2Krr0611Ha H E06pYMCKa rrpOAOJl)l(aJI:HCb C nepeMeHHblM ycnexost AO 18 cpeBpaml. uapcxax nerxoaa. I-H noro opyxne Ilonsum. HeMLl.a Mapra non naanetrxev BbIHY)[(lleH KJlOHeHUJI 6bIJl OrXOD. H HeMLl.faCTI1 Py- rrOJIbCKMe nepeureznune PYCCKHX BOMCK.KapHUIl.aBHO CCPOPMHPOPaLI.r(OBaHHeM J10pyCClll1. 3-ro 3-i1 ne xopnyca.1HHH1I. 2-H IloJlbcKHH. J.a. MH nO.UlH nOJIbCKHe n0311Ll.LI. Onecce. K 3TOMY BpeMeH11 1-51 H 2-51 ITOJIhAHB113HH B rrOHeCJlH 60JIhWlle 11 B03HO C nO.feHHOe B OTBer B B nOJIKOBble 11 KOp~[HBap51 cepennne ira HaCllJlbCTBeHHYJO rronsrrxy 1918 r.!lbCKUM OPJlOMenepeau.ll11JIH TaK)[(e KaK TaK II or6opHbIMM HBJl5IBIlIHeC5I pesepaosr 60eBhI11 nsa Psiurryp- (H3 C06pUHUR P.1 HHTepHHpOBaHbL 60JIbIlIeBlfKOB soopyxemroe conponranenue.lleJleHI15IMH no TYmy y.eB.e I1.apHhlX apMHH. H rrOJ1HKH 6WIH 6JIOKHpOBaHbI )l(e B 18 anpens 1918 r.epCKllX MOBhfX LfaCTeH B COCTaB xopnyca BXO. lllIH coxpanenaa 6hIJI BhIHY)!()1. JlHY.ll. xoprryc B t.eH OCHOB- HLl. ocsoboxneane KH cYMeJIH CJIYUKa.. CJlO)[(HTh 3 HacTYTIJleHHe.HI1 H nOCJIe MHorot. BOHCK B Myp- xac- OTP5I.!lbCICOeOKopnyca A. urrarasi.

110 KOHua rozra nonscxne 4aCTH aKTI1BHO ysacTBOBaJIH B 60HX C 60nhWeBl1KaMu.. nUBH3HOHHOro 0603a H napxa 60enpJ.3. sa MaJIbIM HCKJIIOLIeHH:eM. rrpH6bIBwue B nOJlbWY H3 BJla)lHBOCTOK3 11 KHtaH (120 OCPM UepOB jII 700 COJI)J. 20 ceHTH6pH 1919 f. 6pufa.8HHcKHti: OTPml.U06POBOJIbueB. rne HaLIaJIa 60eBbI.64-ro Ilouopcxoro Mypuaacxoro) neXOTHoro nonxa.16apCKOH neXOTHOH 6PHTa. HJDKeHepHOfO U sanacaoro 6aTaJlbOHOB.UHJIaCb H3 oxpaae CHfiupCKOH xenesaoaopoxaoa MamcrpanH. OHa npanacs C KpaCHblMH non THpaCnOJIeM. opraHH30BaBIUHfl scxope nOllbCKHH l-ti: rtexornujl 6aTaJIbOH.. YueJIeSWHe BOeHHOCJ1Y)l(alllHe nUBU3HH. opraH1130BaH B r. odiauepcxaa fiaT3. B TOM LIUCJIe 34 odnnrepa.D.B.eHCTBuH npOTHB YKpaUHCKHX soacx. B .PbI B Apxaarem. BoeBMU C 60J1bWeBHKaMU nOJIbCKHe lIaCTH. H 3-ro).U nepetipocnna na apxaarenscsna CPPOHT.aBJl. Onere 11 non ApXaHreJIbCKOM. pa3BepHYTbIH B HHBape 1919 r.Qa nonesoa apTMJIJIepl1H.YepHOsII.cxe. urrypMOBoro.OBaHHeM nOJ1KOBHHKaK.D. OTPH.Bep6oBOlJHOe 6lOPO H o¢>uuepcKHe Ka.35IHCKOrO (n03.BOUHCKYIOCJI~6y ITOJHIKH BOLUJII1 B COCTaB 3-ro fiaransoaa rpY.D.QI1BH3HMCJIO)l(J1JIH opysore JII. BoenaBWHX na nOCTOKe PoeCHH. Ewe secaoa 1918 f.0 22 odnmepos Y H 286 conaar.CTBHH rtepenaeaoeaanun B ITOJlhCKHH MYPMaHCKHH 6aTaJIbOH.06POBOllblIeCKOH apMHeti reaepanos M . MaKCHMaJlbHaH LIHCJIeHHOCTbnUBH3HH xa 11 H10HH 1919 f.BnOCJIe.faJIe1920 r. Ilpn WTa6e apMUH 6bIJI. B HOH6pe roro xe rona llHBH311I0 peopranasoaana B Ornensxyio 6pufa. B03BpaweHHe ira PO. ITo nosapaureaax B nOJIbIIIY noxenaaunre npOnOJl)KI1Tb . IlocJ1eT51)l(eJI:blX0eB Y CT3HL"(HM 6 Tajira B nauane 1920 r.Unon KOMaH. Ha tore POCCHH B 1918 r . 30.a. trucneHHOCTb OTp51)::(a BeJIHtrl1J1aCb)1. OHa COCTOHnaH3 ynpas..OBaHUeM Mati:opa CKOKoBcKoro HaClJUTbIBaJI 286lJenOBeK (B TOM qucne 90 odmuepOB). KOTOPYIO BHOBb B03fllaBHJI nOJlKOBHHK PYMw.10 .eJI H opr3HU30BaH «I1onbCKl1ti OTPH)I.JJH C03naHHH B J.QOCTaTOLJHOeKOJlI1LIeCTBO BOeHHOCJIY)KaWHX. B ero COCTaB BXO.Uy nOJIbCKHX CTpeJIKOB non KOMaH. 6blll.OBaHHeM ITOJIKOBHUKa Manaxoncxoro.D. . )KeJIHrOBcKoro. BHOBh 6bIJIa nepeaveHOBaHa B 4-10 nUBU3uIO nOJlbCKHX CTpeJ1KOBrenepana J1. OrneJIhHOH CJ. ITocJIe 33HHTH5! Casrapsr traCTHMI1 Hapoznroji apMHH KOMYlla H LIexaMH B repone 6bIJI otipaaoeau [lOJIbCKHH BoifcKOBo:ti KOMHTeT.LJ. nUBH3lliI HaXO.1BH3110Ha H B3BO.e .BOHCKO ITOJIbCKOe B Cn6Hpu») KOMaH)l.HJ1U: ynpannemre OTPHna.1.T). ncero C 3 HIOHH no 12 OKT5I6pH C ceaepa POCCUH 3BaKYHpOBaTIUCb 449 nOJlbCKY!X 80eHHOCJI~awux.JUICBH3H C .na 776 lJeJ10BeK. raxxe 6bIJIU co3.HHY 6blJ10 B03MO)f(HO TOJIhKOxepea CU6HPh H )lanbHHfl BOCTOK. PYMWU .QeKa6pe 1918 r.D. 3aTeM non HX D. l-ro YJ1aHCKOro H 5-fO aprunnepaacxoro nOJIKOB.ua MopeM 6hma ornpaaneaa B Oaeccy.pe5I 11. ofipasoaaa I10JlhCKHH OT:D. rne OH .Ubl (I-Pl H 2-<H CH611pcKHe neXOTHbJe nomen).1lJI5! nOJUiKOn.eHCTBHenpH6bIBaBlliHM Ha Ky6aHb nO)H!KaM. .D.3HH BOCCOenHHHJIaCb C OCHOBHOH nOJI"bCKOfl apMueH H COCTaBI1JIa ee 10-10 D.UHee . non . B 5.HneraOF-!S Cn6upu>}. 2.UaHbI 11.Ueti:cTBOBaJI ira p. Ha 1 HOH6pH 1918 f.fX CTpeJ1KOB nOJIKOBHHKa 3eJlHmcKoro. 3neCb nHBH.nOCJIY)KHJIH OCHOBOH D. 31-ti K neXOTHbJe IIOJIKH).Uaxepes YKpal1HY Ii POCCHIO .maCOB. B TOM LJHCJle 11 755 odnntepoa. B EKaTepnaonape cofipanocs .I1B11311IOaHeBCKI1X CTpeJIKOB (28.JleHHH.B 1l06POBOJIbLIeCKOHapMHU» B cocrase rtexoraoro 6aTaJIbOHa.. Il03AHee "6bIJI C03LlaH «ITOJ1bCKH. H AJIeKceeB ofieuran COD. Kone (non Mypuaacxoa) 113 npotipauuntxca CIO. )leHHKHHa nOJIKOBHHKa cD. reaepan Fannep Hartpaaan B CTaSpOnOJlb D. CTpeJIKOBa5I11rtyneneraaa POTbI.rrorrann B nnen K 60JlbWeBI1KaM. rne B HaLIaJ1e 1919 f.U. K 15 5IHBapH 1919 r. Anexceena B H A. 3eJIl1HbCKOro. lIT06bI CCPOPMUPOB3Tbna OCHOBe [lOJ1bCKOfO orpsna 4-10 llHBH3HlO nOJThCKI.eHueM orcrynana B panoa r. OCTaTKI1. 6aTaJlbOH 6bIJI. YJIaHCKOro nJ. COCTaBJl5l. BbTBe3eH COlO3HHKaMH 113Apxanrem-cxa. KOTOPbTti: yaacrsosan B 605:lX C KpacHhIMH non Y¢OH. 3 CrpeJIKOBbIX (1.K)I(e nOJIbCKaH MI1CCH5I.bI.UnBH3HI0 nOJ1bCKI1X CTpeJIKOB «.D. a T3.D. a B ero cocrase noasanacs euie U xanposaa (sanacaax) pora. IToCJIe OKOHlJaHUH ¢OpMHpOBaHUH U aoopyxeHUH OTpH. 29.

nOCBHmeHLI HCTOPIlH 00 nx ocotioe 3HaKaM pa3J1W1HSI H OTJUNIUI.aHHD UCTOpH1JeCKOH COObITHHM.HMH MenbqaHIDHe 3HaKOB pa3.eHoH.alOID.lI.JJ. H3. cepnn BOOPYJKeHHe.HOHepOB. CHapmKeHHlO H BOOpyJKeHHIO. KHHrH paCCK23bm21OT YBH41opMe.aHCKaJl BOKHa B POCCHO BOHHa B POCCKH BORHa B POCCHH BOHHa B POCCHO PJ fJJ FD 1917-1922.eTaJIH H II. RJlJIIOCTpaU.BeTHbIMH YHHcjWPMbI. KOJIJIeKII. ABTOPbl BHHMaHHe Y)J. cHapIDKeHHH. npe)J.fOTOBKlI. CepHSI TmaTeJIbHOCTblO CTbIO Bbl. 1(02Jla{}JlenUIO Bnepaue B POCCUu! «ACT» YHHKaJIbHOH cepnn H3.ll. apMHH FV fpaJK.eJ1HeTCH nO)J. Beasre 1917-1922.'Beptcfmscs.HTeJIbHaSl . .JIJNHH.OnOJIHeHbl T01JHO YHHKaJIbHhlMH l)JoTorpalPHHMII .ll.eJIHIOT H opraHH3aIWH. OpraHlI3aQHH apMHHM pa3HbIX HO apesren II HapO)J. aarepec MY3eeB.OB. 1JJIeHOB BoeUHO-HCTOpH1JeCKHX o o'be. YBJIeKalOlIJ.01KHHKOB no KOCTJOMY.mr HCTOPHKOB H XY. CepHH HOH nepe)J. )J.peCTaBpaTopOB. Kpacnaa APMIDI HaUOOHaJ1bHble apMHH Fpasctaacxaa Bropaa 1917-1922.lJ. K ODltCblBaeMbIM cpena HeMHOr01JHCJIeHHbIX nonofinsrx U3)J. KuHfH cepna «CO~Tb}>: 1917-1922.l1.aHCKaH fpIDK)1.nn en Hit II KJIyOOB.ll.n.OCTOBepHOCTbIO.opMa. oCBo6o)J.aHCKaH fpaJK. npenonasa- TeneH soeuasrx ytte6HbIX 3aBe)J. Boacsa PyCCKaSI HHTepBeHTOB apMIDI fJJ MHpOBaSi BOHHa 1939-1945..HXCSI KHDO.anHH .6oTHHKOB H yqaIu.n.n.OJDKaeT BbInyCK BoeHHO.CTaBJUIeT TeaTpOB. pa. paCC1JHTaHa H OCOOb!:" aa mHpoKHD xpyr 1JHTaTeJleU.UMH.HXCH soen- acropaea.aTeJIbCTBO npO)l. OO'beKTHBHO- nonxona Bee maporoa H HOBR3HOD npHBJIeKaeMbIX apX1IBHbIX MaTepHaJIOB.HCTOpH'leCKOH «COJIMTb» YHHq.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->