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This special booklet on higher maths aims to provide you practice on few of the higher Maths topics asked at some of the management entrance tests. In tests like JMET and XAT, some questions on the following mentioned topics are covered. Calculus Coordinate Geometry Trigonometry Modern and discrete Algebra 3-D-Vector Statistics This booklet will provide answers to all your queries of higher maths. This booklet contains 250 questions with detail solutions to each provided at the end. You are therefore required to solve all the questions provided in this booklet to grasp all the Higher Maths Topics & their short-cuts, tricks etc. Some of the questions covered in this booklet have been taken from the previous year tests and hence will give you a fair idea regarding the efforts and practice needed to crack these questions.

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IC : PTpnrhm01

(1) of (48)

DIRECTIONS: For the following questions, four options are given. Choose the correct option. 1. If the distances of 2 points P and Q from the focus of a parabola y 2 = 4ax are 4 and 9 respectively, then the distance of the point of intersection of tangents at P and Q from the focus is (1) 8 (2) 6 (3) 5 (4) 13

2.

The sum of the series

x 1 + x2

+

1 x 3 1 + x2

(2)

FG H

IJ K

3

+

1 x 5 1 + x2

2 2

FG H

(1)

1 log (1 + x + x 2 ) 2

1 log 2

F1 + x GH 1 + x

IJ K + xI J − xK

5

+... is

(3)

log (1 – x + x 2)

(4)

None of these

3.

If the coefficients of the (2r + 4)th and (r – 2)th terms in the expansion of (1 + x) 18 are equal, then r is equal to (1) 6 (2) 5 (3) 9 (4) None of these

4.

If the system of equations, (λ – 1)x + (3λ + 1)y + 2λz = 0, (λ – 1)x + (4λ – 2)y + (λ + 3)z = 0, 2x + (3λ + 1)y + 3(λ – 1)z = 0, has infinite solutions, then the value of λ is equal to (1) 3 (2) 6 (3) 1 (4) 2

5.

The value of the integral (1) log 2

z

e 1

dx is x(1 + log x )

(2) – log 2 (3) log 3 (4) – log 3

6.

If f (α ) = (1)

F GG H

z

1 0

xα − 1 dx , α ≥ 0 log x

I JJ K OP PP Q

and f(0) = 0, then the value of f(1) is (2) log (1 – α) (3) log (1/1 + α) (4) None of these

log (1 + α)

7.

−2 / 3 1 / 3 2 / 3 If A = 2 / 3 2 / 3 1 / 3 , then A is 1 / 3 −2 / 3 2 / 3

(1) Unitary (2) Orthogonal (3) Symmetric (4) None of these

LM MM N

8.

The greatest value of f(x) = (x + 1) 1/3 – (x – 1) 1/3 in [0, 1] is (1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 3 (4) 1/3

9.

The number of solutions of the equation a f(x) + g(x) = 0 where a > 0, g(x) ≠ 0 and g(x) has minimum value 1/4, is (1) one (2) two (3) infinitely many (4) zero

10. The value of the integral (1) 5 + (√2 + √3)

z

2 0

**x 2 dx , where [x], denotes the greatest integral function, equals to
**

(2) 5 – (√2 + √3) (3) 0 (4) None of these

11. If m is a variable, the locus of the point of intersection of the line (1) parabola (2) ellipse (3)

x y x y 1 is a/an − = m and + = 3 2 3 2 m

hyperbola

(4)

None of these

(2) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

12. If

ex = A 0 + A 1 x + A 2x 2 + ... (–1 < x < 1), then which of the following is true? 1− x

(1)

A 1 = 5/2

(2)

A 2 = 3/2

(3)

An =

n (n + 1)!

(4)

A n +1 − A n =

1 (n + 1)!

**13. The coefficient of the term independent of x in the expansion of (1 + x + 2 x 3 )
**

1 3 19 54 17 54

FG 3 x H2

2

−

1 3x

IJ K

9

is

1 4

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

**14. The derivative of sin–1 x with respect to cos−1 1 − x 2 is (1)
**

1 1 − x2

(2)

cos –1 x

(3)

1

(4)

None of these

π /2

15.

**1 + cos x dx is equal to (1 − cos x )5 / 2 π /3
**

(1)

3 2

z

(2)

5 2

(3)

5 18

(4)

2 9

16. The determinant ∆ =

a b ax + b b c bx + c ax + b bx + c 0

is equal to zero, if

(1) (3)

a, b, c, are in A.P. x is a root of ax 2 + 2b x + c = 0

(2) (4)

a, b, c, are in G.P. Both (2) and (3)

17. The minimum value of px + qy when xy = r2 is (1) 2r √pq (2) 2 pq √r (3) –2r √pq (4) None of these

18. The distance of that point on y = x4 + 3x 2 + 2x which is nearest to the line y = 2x – 1 is (1)

4 5

(2)

3 5

(3)

2 5

(4)

1 5

**19. The points of extremum of the function φ( x ) = e − t
**

1

(1)

x=±3

(2)

x=±2

z

x

2

/2

(1 − t2 )dt are

(3) x = ± 1/2 (4) x=±1

20. If the function f(x) = x 2 + a/x has a local minimum at x = 2, then the value of ‘a’ is (1) 8 (2) 16 (3) 18 (4) None of these

IC : PTpnrhm01

(3) of (48)

**21. A curve is given by the equation x = a cos θ + by (1)
**

θ = sin−1

**1 d2 y 1 = 0 is given b cos2θ, y = a sin θ + bsin2θ. Then the value of θ for which 2 2 d x2
**

2 2

F 2a + b I GH 5ab JK

2 2

(2)

θ = tan−1

F 3a + 2b I GH 4ab JK

(3)

θ = cos−1

F a + 2b I GH 3ab JK

2 2

(4)

None of these

22. The area bounded by the curve y = 2x, x-axis and ordinates x = –2, x = 2 is equal to (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 8

23. If the plane x – 3y + 5z = d passes through the point (1, 2, 4), then the lengths of intercepts cut by it on the axes of x, y, z are respectively (1) 15, – 5, 3 (2) 1, – 5, 3 (3) – 15, 5, – 3 (4) 1, – 6, 20

24. The direction ratios of the diagonals of a cube which joins the origin to the opposite corners are (when the 3 concurrent edges of the cube are coordinates axes) (1)

2 3

,

2 3

,

2 3

(2)

1, 1, 1

(3)

2, – 2, 1

(4)

1, 2, 3

**25. Distance between parallel planes 2x – 2y + z + 3 = 0 and 4x – 4y + 2z + 5 = 0 is (1)
**

2 3

(2)

1 3

(3)

1 6

(4)

2

26. The number of terms common to the two A.P.’s 3, 7, 11, ... 407 and 2, 9, 16, ... 709 are (1) 10 (2) 12 (3) 14 (4) None of these

27. If the complex numbers z 1 = a + i, z2 = 1 + ib, z3 = 0 form an equilateral triangle (a, b are real numbers between 0 and 1), then (1)

a = 3 ± 1, b = −

3 2

(2)

a = 2 − 3, b = 2 − 3

(3)

a=

1 3 ,b= 3 4

(4)

None of these

28. If z 1 and z2 both satisfy the relation z + z = 2 | z − 1| and arg (z1 − z2 ) = (1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 2

π , then Im (z 1 + z 2 ) is equal to 4

(4)

3

29. For all complex numbers z 1 , z2 satisfying |z 1 | = 12 and |z 2 – 3 – 4i| = 5, the minimum value of |z 1 – z2 | is (1) 0 (2) 2 (3) 7 (4) 0.7

30. The minimum and maximum value of ab sin x + b (1 − a2 ) cos x + c; (|a| ≤ 1, b > 0) respectively are (1) {b – c, b + c} (2) {b + c, b – c} (3) {c – b, b + c} (4) None of these

**31. If x = X cos θ – Y sin θ, y = X sin θ + Y cos θ and x 2 + 4xy + y 2 = AX 2 + BY 2, 0 ≤ θ ≤
**

π 6 π 4

π , then 2

(1)

θ=

(2)

θ=

(3)

A=–3

(4)

B=1

(4) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

32. The number of solutions of the equation cos (π (1) None (2) One

x − 4 ) cos (π x ) = 1 is

(3)

Two

(4)

More than two

**33. If sin –1 x + sin –1 y =
**

2π 3

2π , then cos –1 x + cos –1 y = 3 π 3 π 6

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

p

34. In a ∆ABC, the sides a, b, c are the roots of the equation x 3 – 11x2 + 38x – 40 = 0. Then

cos A cos B cos C is equal to + + a b c

(1)

1

(2)

3 4

(3)

9 16

(4)

None of these

35. If f ( x ) = sin2 x + sin2 x + (1) (3)

FG H

π π + cos x . cos x + 3 3

IJ K

FG H

IJ K

and g(5/4) = 1, then (gof ) x is (2) (4) a constant function None of these

a polynomial of the first degree in sin x, cos x a polynomial of the second degree in sin x, cos x

36. If the function f : [1, ∞) → [1, ∞) is defined by f(x) = 2 x(x–1) , then f–1 (x) is

(1)

FG 1 IJ H 2K

x ( x −1)

(2)

1 (1 + 1 + 4 log2 x ) 2

(3)

1 (1 − 1 + 4 log2 x ) 2

(4)

not defined

37. The greatest value of the function f(x) = cos [x e [x] + 2x 2 – x], x ∈ (– 1, ∞) where [x] denotes the greatest integer function (less than or equal to x) is (1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 2 (4) 3

38. The line joining (5, 0) to (10 cos θ, 10 sin θ) is divided internally in the ratio 2 : 3 at P. If θ varies, then the locus of P is (1) a pair of st. lines (2) a circle (3) a st. line (4) None of these

**39. Two vertices of an equilateral triangle are (–1, 0) and (1, 0). Its circumcircle is (1)
**

x2 + y −

F GH

1

I J 3K

2

=

4 3

(2)

x2 − y +

F GH

1

I J 3K

2

=

4 3

(3)

x2 + y −

F GH

1

I J 3K

2

=−

4 3

(4)

None of these

40. The triangle formed by the tangent to the parabola y = x 2 at the point whose abscissa is x 0 [x0 ∈ [2, 3]], the y-axis and the straight line y = x0 2 has the greatest area if x 0 = (1) 2 (2) 1 (3) 3 (4) 4

41. If the lines 2 (sin a + sin b) x – 2 sin (a – b) y = 3 and 2 (cos a + cos b) x + 2 cos (a – b) y = 5 are perpendicular, then sin 2a + sin 2b is equal to (1) (3) sin (a – b) – 2 sin (a + b) 2 sin (a – b) – sin 2 (a + b) (2) (4) sin 2 (a – b) – 2 sin (a + b) sin 2 (a – b) – sin (a + b)

IC : PTpnrhm01

(5) of (48)

42. Let P be a point on the hyperbola x 2 – y 2 = a 2 where a is a parameter such that P is nearest to the line y = 2x. The locus of P is (1) 2x – y = 0 (2) 2y – x = 0 (3) 2y + x = 0 (4) 2x + y = 0

43. A ball is thrown from the top of the Qutab Minar 200 ft high with a velocity 80 ft per second at an elevation of 30° above the horizon. The horizontal distance from the foot of the minar to the point where it hits the ground is (g = 32 ft/sec 2 ) (1) 200 ft (2) 200√3 ft (3) 300√3 ft (4) 200/√3 ft

44. A body is in equilibrium on a rough inclined plane of which the coefficient of friction is (1/√3). The angle of inclination of the plane is gradually increased. The body will be on the point of sliding downwards when the inclination of the plane reaches (1) 15° (2) 30° (3) 45° (4) 60°

45. If z = x + iy, then the inequality |z – 4| < |z – 2| represents the region given by (1) Re (z) > 0 (2) Re (z) < 0 (3) Re (z) > 2 (4) None of these

46. Let z 1 and z2 be two complex numbers such that z1 ≠ z2 and |z1 | = |z2 |. If z 1 has positive real part and z 2 has negative imaginary part, then (1) zero

z1 + z2 may be z1 − z2

(2) purely imaginary (3) real and negative (4) both (1) and (2)

47. If z is a complex number such that (1) (3) x – axis

z − 5i = 1, then the locus of z is z + 5i

(2) (4)

straight line y = 5 None of these

a circle passing through the origin

48. If 2 cos θ = x +

1 1 and 2 cos φ = y + , then the value of cos (θ + φ) will be y x

(1)

x y + y x

(2)

2

LM x + y OP Ny xQ

(3)

1 1 xy + xy 2

LM N

OP Q

(4)

xy +

1 xy

49. If the function f(x) = x 3 – 6ax 2 + 5x satisfies the conditions of Lagrange’s mean value theorem for the interval [1, 2] and the tangent to the curve y = f(x) at x =

7 is parallel to the chord that joins the points of intersection of the curve with the 4 ordinates x = 1 and x = 2, then the value of a is

(1)

35 16

(2)

35 48

(3)

7 16

(4)

5 16

50. If f ( x ) = (1) (3)

**x x and g( x ) = , where 0 < x ≤ 1, then in this interval sin x tan x
**

(2) (4) both f(x) and g(x) are decreasing functions g(x) is an increasing function

both f(x) and g(x) are increasing functions f(x) is an increasing function

sin2 θ

51. A function g (θ) =

z

0

cos 2 θ

f ( x ) dx +

z

0

f ( x ) dx is defined in the interval

FG − π , π IJ H 2 2K FG 0, π IJ H 4K

where f(x) is an increasing function, then g(θ) is

increasing in the interval (1)

FG − π ,0IJ H 2 K

(2)

FG − π ,− π IJ H 2 4K

(3)

(4)

FG − π ,0IJ H 4 K

IC : PTpnrhm01

(6) of (48)

52. A box is constructed from a rectangular metal sheet of 21 cm. by 16 cm., by cutting equal squares of sides x from the corners of the sheet and then turning up the projected portions. For what values of x the volume of the box will be maximum? (1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 3 (4) –1

53. The greatest integer less than or equal to (√2 + 1) 6 is (1) 196 (2) 197 (3) 198 (4) 199

54.

C 0 C2 C4 C6 cn + + + +... + , is equal to 1 3 5 7 n+1

(1)

2n +1 n +1

(2)

2 n +1 − 1 n +1

(3)

2n n +1

(4)

None of these

55. The sum to infinity of 1 +

1 1 1. 3 1 . + . +... is 2 2 2 . 4 22

(1)

FG 2 IJ H 3K

(2)

FG 1 IJ H 13 K

(3)

1 2

(4)

2

56. The sum of the series (1) 6e

4 11 22 37 56 + + + + + ..... is : 1! 2! 3! 4 ! 5!

(2) 6e–1 (3) 5e (4) 5e + 1

57. If a = (1)

n =0

∑ (3n)! , b = ∑ (3n − 2)! and c = ∑ (3n − 1)!

n =1 n =1

∞

x 3n

∞

x 3n − 2

∞

x 3n −1

, then the value of a 3 + b 3 + c 3 – 3 abc is (3) –1 (4) –2

1

(2)

0

58. The value of log 2 + 2

FG 1 + 1 . 1 H5 3 5

3

+

1 1 . +.....+∞ is 5 55

log 2 + 2 (3)

1 log 2 2

IJ K

(1)

log 2 + 2

(2)

(4)

log 3

59. If S =

1 1 1 1 − + − +....+ ∞ , then e S equals 1. 2 2 . 3 3 . 4 4 . 5 loge

(1)

FG 4 IJ H eK

(2)

4 e

(3)

loge

FG e IJ H 4K

(4)

e 4

60. The equation of common tangent of parabolas x 2 = 108y and y 2 = 32x, is (1) 4x + 5y = 36 (2) 2x + 3y + 36 = 0 (3) 3x + 2y = 56 (4) None of these

61. The equation of ellipse whose focus is (1, 2), directrix is 3x + 4y = 5 and eccentricity is (1) (3) (x + 1) 2 + (y + 2) 2 = (3x + 4y + 5) 2 (x – 1) 2 + (y – 2) 2 = (2) (4)

1 is 2

(x – 1) 2 + (y – 2) 2 = (3x + 4y – 5)2 None of these

FG 3x + 4y − 5 IJ H 10 K

2

IC : PTpnrhm01

(7) of (48)

62. Let P be a variable point on the ellipse value of A is (1) 24 sq. units (2)

x2 y2 + = 1 with foci at S and S’. If A be the area of triangle PSS’, then the maximum 25 16

12 sq. units

(3)

36 sq. units

(4)

None of these

63. The equation ax 2 + 2hxy + by 2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 represents a hyperbola if (1) D ≠ 0, h2 < ab. (2) D ≠ 0, h 2 > ab. (3) D ≠ 0, h 2 = ab. (4) D ≠ 0, h 2 = 0.

64. Which of the following is false? (1) (2) (3) (4) The three co-ordinate plane divides the whole system in eight octant. The perpendicular distance of any point P (3, 4, 5) from the z–axis is 5. In a tetrahedron, each of the four vertices is the intersection of four lines. The yz–plane divides the line joining the points (2, 4, 5), (3, 5, –4) in the ratio –2 : 3.

65. If a line makes the angles α, β, γ with the axes, the value of sin²α + sin² β + sin² γ is equal to (1) 1 (2)

5 4

(3)

3 2

(4)

2

**66. Which of the following is false? (1) (2) (3) (4) The intercepts made on the axes by the plane x + 2y – 2z = 9 are 9,
**

9 9 and – . 2 2

The angle between two planes is equal to the angles between the normals to them from any point. The distance of the point (2, 3, 4) from the plane 3x – 6y + 2z + 11 = 0 is 1. The two planes 2x – y + z = 16 and – x + 2y + 4z = 1 are parallel.

67. The equation of the plane passing through (–1, 3, 2) and perpendicular to each of the two planes x + 2y + 2z = 5 and 3x + 3y + 2z = 8 is (1) 2x – 4y + 3z + 8 = 0 (2) x – 3y + 2z + 6 = 0 (3) 3x + 2y – z = 1 (4) 2x – 3y + 5z + 6 = 0

68. The equation of the plane passing through points (1, 1, 0), (1, 2, 1), (–2, 2, –1) is (1) x–y+z=1 (2) 2x + 3y + 3z = 5 (3) 4x – 3y + 3z = 1 (4) 2x + 3y – 3z = 5

69. The equation of the plane passing through the line of intersection of planes 2x + 3y – 4z = 1, 3x – y + z + 2 = 0 and the point (0, 1, 1) is (1) 3x + 2y – 3z + 1 = 0 (2) x + 2y – 3z + 1 = 0 (3) 5x + 2y – 4z + 2 = 0 (4) 5x + 2y – 3z + 1 = 0

70. If

b+c c+a a+b a b c q + r r + p p + q = D and p q r = E , then y+z z+x x+y x y z

D=E (2) D = E2 (3) E = D/2 (4) None of these

(1)

a2

a2 − (b − c)2 b2 − (c − a)2 c − (a − b)

2 2

bc ca ? ab

71. Which of the following is a factor of b c2 (1) a+b+c (2)

2

a2 + b 2 + c 2

(3)

ab + ca + ca

(4)

None of these

(8) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

2

1 2 2

3 5 1

1 2 3

72. In the determinant

4 1

−7 15 8 11

, cofactor of element ‘8’ is

(1)

–18

(2)

41

(3)

–62

(4)

None of these

b 2 + c2

a2 c2 + a2 c

2 2

a2 b2 a +b

2

73.

b2 c

2

is equal to

(1)

abc

(2)

4abc

(3)

4 a2 b 2 c2

(4)

a 2b 2c 2

74.

1 / a a2 1 / b b2 1 / c c2

bc ca is equal to ab

1 abc

(1)

abc

(2)

(3)

ab + bc + ca

(4)

0

3 75. If A = 0

LM MM N0

0 3 2

**0 2 , then the characteristic roots of A are 2
**

(2) 1, 3, 4 (3) 1, 3, 8 (4) None of these

OP PP Q

(1)

2, 3, 4

76. Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, the value of A 8, if A = (1) 626 I (2) 625 I

LM1 N2

2

−1

OP is Q

635 I (4) None of these

(3)

77.

**LM l 0 The matrix M MM n NM−m
**

(1) (3)

m 0 l n

n 0 −m −l

**OP −1P is orthogonal when 0P PQP 0
**

0

l = 2/7, m = 3/7, n = 6/7 l = 3/7, m = 3/7, n = 3/7

(2) (4)

l = 3/7, m = 3/7, n = 6/7 l = 2/7, m = 5/7, n = 8/7

**3 −1 2 78. The rank of the matrix −6 2 4 is 1
**

(2)

LM MM N −3

OP P 2P Q

(1)

3

1

(3)

0

(4)

2

79. Let a and b be respectively the degree and order of the differential Equation of the family of circles touching the lines y 2 – x2 = 0 and lying in the first and second quadrant then (1) a = 1, b = 2 (2) a = 1, b =1 (3) a = 2, b = 1 (4) a = 2, b = 2

IC : PTpnrhm01

(9) of (48)

80. A curve passes through the point (1, π/4) and its slope at any point (x, y) on it is given by dy/dx = y/x – cos2 (y/x). The equation of the curve is (1) tan

FG y IJ + log x = c H xK

(2)

tan

FG y IJ + log x = 1 H xK

(3)

tan

FG x IJ + log x = 1 H yK

(4)

y = e tan(y+x) + 1

81. An equation of the curve passing through the point (2, 1) and for which the sum of the subtangent and the x coordinate is equal to 1 is (1) (x – 1) 2 y = 1 (2) (x – 1) y = 1 (3) (x – 1) y 2 = 1 (4) xy = y – 1

**82. The fourth differential coefficient of sin 2x sin 3x is (1) cos x – 5 4 cos 5x (2)
**

(cos x − 54 cos 5 x ) 2

(3)

(cos x + 54 cos 5 x ) 2

(4)

2 4 cos 2x – 5 4 cos 5x

83. If y = ax n+1 + bx –n, then x 2 (1) n(n – 1)y

d2 y is equal to dx 2

(2) n(n + 1)y (3) ny (4) n 2y

84. Let f(x) and g(x) be two functions having finite non-zero 3rd order derivatives f'''(x) and g'''(x) for all x ∈ R. If f(x) g(x) = 1 for all x ∈ R, then

f"' g"' − is equal to f' g'

(2)

3

(1)

3

FG f" − g" IJ Hg fK

FG f" − g" IJ H f gK

(3)

3

FG g" − f" IJ H g gK

(4)

3

FG f" − g" IJ Hf fK

85. Let f be a polynomial. Then the second derivative of f(e x ) is (1) f”(e x) e x + f’ (e x ) (2) f” (e x) e 2x + f” (e x ) e x (3) f” (ex) (4) f”(e x) e 2x + f’(e x ) ex

86. For a differentiable function f, the value of lim

[ f ( x + h)]2 − [ f (x )]2 is equal to h→ 0 2h

(3)

1 f x 2

(1)

[f’ (x)]2

(2)

f(x) f’(x)

bg

2

(4)

1 f x 2

bg

2

− f x

bg

2

**87. Let f : R → R be a function such that f
**

f (x) is differentiable in R. x

**FG x + y IJ = f (x ) + f (y) , f(0) = 3 and f'(0) = 3, then H 3 K 3
**

(2) (4) f(x) is continuous but not differentiable in R. f(x) is bounded in R.

(1) (3)

f(x) is continuous in R.

π 2 π , then 2

88. f(x) = min. {1, cos x, 1 – sin x}, – (1) (3)

≤x≤

**f(x) is not differentiable at '0'. f(x) has local maxima at '0'.
**

3

(2) (4)

f(x) is differentiable at p/2. None of these

89.

x →0

(1)

**R sinx – x + x U | | | 6 | is equal to lim S V | x | | | T 1 W
**

5

120

(2)

−

1 120

(3)

1 20

(4)

None of these

(10) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

90. Let f(2) = 4 and f' (2) = 4, then lim (1) 2 (2)

x →2

xf (2) − 2f ( x ) is x−2

–2

(3)

–4

(4)

3

91. Let f ( x ) =

1 (18 − x2 )

, then the value of lim

x →3

FG f (x ) − f (3) IJ H x−3 K

is

(1)

0

(2)

−

1 9

(3)

−

1 3

(4)

1 9

92.

n→ ∞

lim

F 1 + 4 + 9 +....+ n I GH n + 1 n + 1 n + 1 n + 1JK

2 3 3 3 3

is equal to

(1)

1

(2)

2 3

(3)

1 3

(4)

0

93.

z

sin−1 (cos x) dx =

π − x2 + c 2 π x2 x− +c 2 2

(1)

(2)

(3)

x2 π x+ +c 2 2

(4)

π x2 + +c 2 2

94.

z

(1)

sin 4x dx = cos 2x

– cos 2x + c

(2)

cos 2x + c

(3)

– sin 2x + c

(4)

sin 2x + c

95.

z

(1) (3)

1 3x + 4 − 3x + 1

dx =

2 (3 x + 4 )3 / 2 + (3x + 1)3 / 2 9

{

} }

(2)

2 (3 x + 4)1 / 2 + (3x + 1)1/ 2 9

{

} }

2 (3 x + 4 )3 / 2 + (3x + 1)3 / 2 27

{

(4)

2 (3x + 4 )3 / 2 − (3x + 1)3 / 2 27

{

96. If (1)

z

2 + 3 cos x sin2 x

dx = –2.cotx + a cosec x + c, then a =

–3

(2)

–2

(3)

0

(4)

1

97. The value of the integral

ze

∞ 0

x log x

1 + x2

j

2

dx is

(1)

0

(2)

7

(3)

5 log 13

(4)

2 log 5

98. The value of (1) π log 2

z

0

∞

log x +

FG H

1 dx ⋅ is x 1 + x2

(2) log 2 (3) 0 (4) None of these

IJ K

IC : PTpnrhm01

(11) of (48)

99. The value of

z

1 0

ln x 1 − x2

dx is

(1)

π ln 2

(2)

−

π ln 2 2

(3)

π l n2 2

(4)

None of these

100. The value of

z

a

x 5 dx is (2a2 − x 2 )3 0

(2)

log2 1 + 2 2

(1)

log 2 1 − 2 4

(3)

−

log2 1 − 2 2

(4)

None of these

101. The number of five-digit telephone numbers having at least one of their digits repeated is (1) 90000 (2) 100000 (3) 30240 (4) 69760

102. A class has 30 students. The following prizes are to be awarded to the students of this class. First and second in Mathematics; first and second in Physics first in Chemistry and first in Biology. If N denotes the number of ways in which this can be done, then N is divisible by (1) 400 (2) 600 (3) 8100 (4) All of them

103. The sum of all the five digit numbers that can be formed using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 (repetition of digits not allowed) is (1) 360000 (2) 660000 (3) 366000 (4) None of these

104. Eight chairs are numbered 1 to 8. Two women and three men wish to occupy one chair each. First the women choose the chairs from amongst the chairs 1 to 4 and then the men select from the remaining chairs. The numbers of possible arrangements is (1)

6C 3

× 4 C2

(2)

4C

2

× 4P 3

(3)

4P

2

× 6P 3

(4)

None of these

105. If P(E) denotes the probability of an event E, then (1) P(E) ≤ 0 (2) P(E) ≥ 1 (3) 0 ≤ P(E) ≤ 1 (4) –1 ≤ P(E) ≤ 1

**106. A bag contains 5 white and 7 red balls. The probability of drawing a red ball is (1)
**

8 12

(2)

7 12

(3)

5 7

(4)

7 5

107. A bag contains 10 white and 15 black balls. One ball is drawn randomly. the probability that it is black or white is (1) 1 (2)

6 26

(3)

1 5

(4)

0

108. One ball is drawn from a bag containing 5 white and 7 black balls. The probability that the ball drawn white is (1)

1 2

(2)

5 12

(3)

7 12

(4)

1 4

109. If | a | < 1 and | b | < 1, then the sum of the series 1 + (1 + a) b + (1 + a + a 2 ) b 2 + (1 + a + a 2 + a3 ) b 3 + ...is (1)

1 (1 − a) (1 − b)

(2)

1 (1 − a) (1 − ab)

(3)

1 (1 − b) (1 − ab)

(4)

1 (1 − a) (1 − b ) (1 − ab )

(12) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

110. The sum to n terms of the series

1 1+ 3

+

1 3+ 5

+

1 5+ 7

+ ... is

(1)

2n + 1

(2)

1 2n + 1 2

(3)

2n + 1 − 1

(4)

1 ( 2n + 1 − 1) 2

111. Let S 1, S 2... be squares such that for each n ≥ 1, the length of a side of Sn equals the length of a diagonal of S n+1. If the length of a side of S1 is 10 cm, then for which of the following values of n is the area of S n less than 1 sq. cm? (1) 7 (2) 8 (3) 9 (4) 10

112. If the expression e {(1 + |cos x | + cos y2

2

x + | cos 3 x | + |cos 4 x|+ ... ∞) loge 4 }

satisfies the equation {π/3, π/2, 2π/3}

– 20y + 64 = 0 for 0 < x < π, then the set of values of x is {π/3, 2π/3} (2) {π/2, π/3} (3) {π/2, 0, 2π/3} (4)

(1)

113. The points (α, β), (γ, δ), (α, δ) and (γ, β), where α, β, γ, δ are different real numbers, are (1) collinear (2) vertices of a square (3) vertices of a rhombus (4) concyclic

114. If O be the origin and if the coordinates of any two points Q1 and Q2 be (x1, y1) and x 2, y2) respectively, then OQ1 × OQ2 cos Q1OQ 2 is equal to (1) x 1 x 2 – y 1y 2 (2) x 1 y 1 – x 2y 2 (3) x 1 x 2 + y 1y 2 (4) x 1 y 1 + x 2y 2

115. To what point must be the origin be transferred so as to remove the terms of the first degree in x2 + xy + 2y2 – 7x – 5y + 12 = 0? (1)

FG 23 , 3 IJ H 7 7K

(2)

FG −23 , 3 IJ H 7 7K

(3)

FG 23 , −3 IJ H7 7K

(4)

None of these

116. Area of a triangle with vertices (a, b),( x 1 , y 1 ) and (x 2 , y 2 ), where a, x1 and x2 are in GP with common ratio r, and b, y 1 and y 2 are in GP with common ratio s, is given by (1) ab (r–1) (s – r)

1 ab (r – 1) (s –1) (s – r) 2

(2)

1 ab(r + 1) (s + 1) (s – r) 2

(3)

(4)

ab (r +1) (s +1) (r – s)

117. If each of the points (x 1 , 4), (–2, y 1 ) lies on the line joining the points (2, –1), (5, –3), then the point P(x 1 , y 1) lies on (1) 6(x + y) – 25 = 0 (2) 2x + 6y + 1 = 0 (3) 2x + 3y – 6 = 0 (4) 6(x + y) + 25 = 0

118. Line L has intercepts a and b on the coordinate axes. When the axes are rotated through a given angle; keeping the origin fixed, the same line has intercepts p and q, then (1) a 2 + b2 = p2 + q2 (2)

1 1 1 1 + = + a2 b2 p2 q2

(3)

a 2 + p2 = b2 + q2

(4)

1 1 1 1 + = + a2 p2 b2 q2

119. The point A (2, 1) is translated parallel to the line x – y = 3 by a distance 4 units. If the new position A’ is in third quadrant, then the coordinates of A’ are (1)

(2 + 2 2 , 1 + 2 2 )

(2)

( −2 + 2 , − 1 − 2 )

(3)

(2 − 2 2 ,1 − 2 2 )

(4)

None of these

IC : PTpnrhm01

(13) of (48)

120. A tangent is drawn to each of the circles x² + y² = a² and x²+ y² = b². If two tangents are mutually perpendicular, then locus of their point of intersection is (1) x 2 + y2 = a 2 – b 2 (2) x2 + y2 = a2 (3) x2 + y2 = a2 + b2 (4) x 2 + y 2 = b2

121. The area of the triangle formed by the tangent at (3, 4) to the circle x² + y² = 25 and the coordinate axes is (1)

625 sq. units 624

(2)

24 sq. units 625

(3)

625 sq. units 24

(4)

624 sq. units 625

122. The condition that the circle x² + y² + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 bisects the circumference of the circle x² + y² + 2g 1x + 2f 1y + c1 = 0 is (1) (3) g 2 + f2 = c 2g 1 (g + g1 ) + 2f (f + f 1 ) =c + c 1 (2) (4) gg 1 + ff 1 =cc 1 2g 1 (g – g 1 ) + 2f 1 (f – f 1 ) = c – c1

123. If the square of the radii of three concentric circles are in A.P., then the square of the lengths of the tangents from any point to these circles are in (1) G.P. (2) A.P. (3) H.P. (4) None of these

124. The roots of the equation x 3 + x2 + x + 1 = 0 are (1) ± 1, i (2) ± i, – 1 (3) ± 2i, 1 (4) ± 2i, – 1

125. If two roots of the equation x 3 + mx2 + 11x – n = 0 are 2 and 3, then value of m + n is (1) –1 (2) –2 (3) –3 (4) None of these

126. The equation |x – x 2 – 1| = |2x – 3 – x2 | has (1) infinite solutions. (2) one solution. (3) two solutions. (4) no solution.

127. The cubic equation which has the roots 2, 3, 4 is (1) (3) x 3 – 26x 2 – 9x + 9 = 0 x 3 – 9x2 + 26x – 24 = 0 (2) (4) x 3 + 9x 2 + 26x + 24 = 0 x 3 + 5x 2 + 24 = 0

128. The number of real roots of the equation 2x 2 + 3|x| + 1 = 0 is (1) 1 (2) 4 (3) 1 (4) None of these

129. The maximum value of 5 cosθ + 12 sinθ is (1) 17 (2) 7 (3) 13 (4) None of these

130. If the three angles of a quadrilateral are 60°, 60 g and (1) 78° (2) 88°

5π , then the fourth angle is 6

(3)

85°

(4)

68°

131. 3 (sin x – cos x) 4 + 4 (sin 6 x + cos6 x) + 6 (sin x + cos x) 2 is equal to (1) 11 (2) 12 (3) 13 (4) 14

132. sin 6 θ + cos6 θ + 3 sin 2 θ cos 2 θ is equal to (1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 2 (4) 3

133. The area between the curve y = 2x 4 – x 2 , the x-axis and the ordinates of two minima of the curve is (1)

7 120

(2)

9 120

(3)

11 120

(4)

13 120

(14) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

134. In the binomial expansion of (a – b) n, n ≥ 5, the sum of the 5th and 6th terms is zero. Then a/b equals (1)

n−5 6

(2)

n−4 5

(3)

5 n−4

(4)

6 n−5

2 135. The value of x for which the matrix product 0

LM MM N1

**7 − x 14 x 7 x 0 0 1 0 equals an identity matrix is –2 1 x −4 x −2x 0 1
**

1 4 1 5

OPLM PPMM QN

OP PP Q

(1)

1 2

(2)

1 3

(3)

(4)

**n! (n + 1)! (n + 2)! 136. For a fixed positive integer n, if D = (n + 1)! (n + 2)! (n + 3)! , then (n + 2)! (n + 3)! (n + 4)!
**

(1) n (2) n+1 (3)

LM D N (n!)

3

−4

OP Q

is divisible by

Can't say

(4)

None of these

137. Let (1 + x 2 ) 2 (1 + x) n = (1) 6

n +4

K =0

∑a x

K

K

. If a 1, a 2, a 3 are in A.P., then n is equal to 5 (3) 7 (4) 2, 3, 4

(2)

138. The slope of a curve at any point is the reciprocal of twice the ordinate at the point and it passes through the point (4, 3). The equation of the curve is (1) x2 = y + 5 (2) y2 = x – 5 (3) y2 = x + 5 (4) x2 = y – 5

139. The equation of a circle with origin as centre, passing through the vertices of an equilateral triangle whose median is of length 3a is (1) x 2 + y 2 = 9a 2 (2) x 2 + y 2 = 16a2 (3) x 2 + y 2 = a2 (4) None of these

π/4

140. Let an = (1) A.P.

z

0

**tann x dx. Then a 2 + a 4 , a 3 + a 5 , a 4 + a 6 are in
**

(2) G.P. (3) H.P. (4) None of these

141. If I =

z

±

**sec 2 x cosec 4 x dx = K cot 3 x + L tan x + M cot x + C, then
**

1 3

(1)

K=

(2)

L=2

(3)

M=–2

(4)

None of these

**142. If a line passing through origin touches the circle (x – 4) 2 + (y + 5) 2 = 25, then its slope should be (1)
**

3 4

(2)

0

(3)

±3

(4)

±1

143. The acute angle between the line joining the points (2, 1, – 3), (– 3, 1, 7) and a line parallel to x − 1 = y = z + 3 through the 3 4 5 point (– 1, 0, 4) is (1)

cos −1

F 7 I GH 5 10 JK

(2)

cos −1

F GH

I J 10 K

1

(3)

cos−1

F 3 I GH 5 10 JK

(4)

cos −1

F 1 I GH 5 10 JK

IC : PTpnrhm01

(15) of (48)

144. 1 + cos

FG H

π 8

**IJ FG1 + cos 3π IJ FG1 + cos 5π IJ FG1 + cos 7 π IJ KH 8K H 8K H 8K
**

(2) cos

π 8

is equal to

(1)

1 2

(3)

1 8

(4)

1+ 2 2 2

**145. The sum of first n terms of the series 1 2 + 2.2 2 + 32 + 2.4 2 + 5 2 + 2.6 2 + ... is sum is (1)
**

(n + 1) n2 2

n (n + 1)2 where n is even. When n is odd, the 2

(2)

n (n + 1)2 2

(3)

n2 (n − 1) 2

(4)

None of these

146. If z r = cos (1) 1

2r π z + z1 = where r = 0, 1, 2, 3, then 0 4 z2 + z 3

(2)

–1

(3)

i

(4)

–i

**147. The complex numbers z 1 , z 2 and z 3 satisfying (1) of area zero
**

3 3

z1 − z3 1− 3i are the vertices of a triangle which is = z2 − z3 2

(2)

right angled isosceles

(3)

equilateral

(4)

obtuse angled isosceles

148. If u = tan−1 (1) tan 2u

F x + y I , the value of x ∂u + y ∂u GH x − y JK ∂x ∂y

(2) cos 2u

is (3) sin 2u (4) sec2 2u

149. From the bottom of a pole of height h, the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is α and the pole subtends angle β at the top of the tower. The height of the tower is (1)

h tan(α − β) tan(α − β) − tan α

(2)

h cot(α − β) cot(α − β) − cot α

(3)

cot(α − β) cot(α − β) − cot α

(4)

None of these

150. The volume of the solid formed by the revolution of x = a(θ – sin θ), y = a(1 – cos θ) about its base will be (1) 3π 2 a 3 (2) 4π 2 a 3 (3) 5π 2a 3 (4) None of these

151. If 0 < x < 1000 and values of x is (1) 15

**LM x OP + LM x OP + LM x OP = 11x , where [x] is the greatest integer less than or equal to x, the number of possible N10 Q N 20 Q N 30 Q 60
**

(2) 16 (3) 17 (4) 33

152. If the circle C 1 : x2 + y2 = 16 intersect another circle C2 of radius 5 in such a manner that the common chord is of maximum length and has a slope equal to 3/4, then coordinates of the centre of C 2 are (1)

FG − 9 , 12 IJ , FG 9 ,− 12 IJ H 5 5 K H5 5 K

π 6

(2)

FG − 9 ,− 12 IJ , FG 9 , 12 IJ H 5 5 K H5 5 K

π 4

(3)

FG 12 , − 9 IJ , FG − 12 , − 9 IJ H 5 5K H 5 5K

π 3

(4)

None of these

153. An isosceles triangle of vertical angle 2θ is inscribed in a circle of radius a. The area of the triangle is maximum when θ = (1) (2) (3) (4)

π 2

(16) of (48)

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154. I f t h e c o e f f i c i e n t s o f p t h , ( p + 1 ) t h a n d ( p + 2)th terms in the expansion of (1 + x) n are in A.P., then (1) (3) n 2 – 2np + 4p 2 = 0 n2 – n (4p + 1) + 4p 2 =0 (2) (4) n 2 – n(4p + 1) + 4p 2 – 2 = 0 None of these

155.

**C1 2C2 3C3 nCn + + + ... + = C0 C1 C2 Cn −1
**

(1)

n (n − 1) 2

(2)

n (n + 2) 2

(3)

n (n + 1) 2

(4)

(n − 1)(n − 2) 2

156. If the three linear equations x + 4ay + az = 0, x + 3by + bz = 0 and x + 2cy + cz = 0 have a non-trivial solution, then a, b, c are in (1) A.P. (2) G.P. (3) H.P. (4) None of these

10

C4 C6 C8

10 11 12

C5 C7 C9

11 12 13

Cm

157. The value of ∆ =

11 12

Cm + 2 Cm + 4

is equal to zero, where m is equal to

(1)

6

(2)

4

(3)

5

(4)

None of these

158. The locus of the points representing the complex number z for which |z| – 2=|z – i| – |z+5i| = 0 is (1) (3) a circle with centre at the origin the single point (0, – 2) (2) (4) a straight line passing through the origin None of these

**159. Given that |z – 1| = 1, where z is a point on the Argand plane. Then (1)
**

2−z = i tan(arg z) z

(2)

z−2 = i tan (arg z) z

(3)

z+2 = i tan (arg z) z

(4)

None of these

160. If α, β are the roots of x2 – 2ax + b 2 = 0 and γ, δ are the roots of x2 – 2bx + a 2 = 0, then (1) (3) A.M. of α, β = G.M. of γ, δ α, β, γ, δ are in G.P. (2) (4) α, β, γ, are in A.P. None of these

161. The angle of elevation of the top of a T.V. tower from three points A, B, C in a straight line, (in the horizontal plane) through the foot of the tower are α, 2α, 3α respectively. If AB = a, the height of the tower is (1) a tan α (2) a sin α (3) a sin 2α (4) a sin 3α

162. Expansion of the polynomial x5 – 2x 4 + x 3 – x 2 + 2x – 1 in powers of (x – 1) is (1) (2) (3) (4) 2(x – 1) 5 + (x – 1)4 + 3(x – 1) 3 + 2(x – 1)2 – (x – 1) – 17 (x – 1) 5 + 3(x – 1) 4 + 3(x – 1) 3 + 2(x – 1) 2 – 17 (x – 1) 5 + 3 (x – 1) 4 + 3 (x – 1) 3 (x – 1) 5 + 3 (x – 1) 4 + 3(x – 1) 2

163. If u = sin–1 (1)

F x + 2y + 3z I , GH x + y + z JK

8 8 8

then x

(2)

∂u ∂u ∂u +y +z is equal to ∂x ∂y ∂z

–7 tan u (3) –(1/7) tan u (4) None of these

7 tan u

IC : PTpnrhm01

(17) of (48)

**164. The area of the loop of the curve ay 2 = x2 (a - x) is (1)
**

1 2 a 5

(2)

8 2 a 15

(3)

7 2 a 15

(4)

None of these

165. A person standing at the foot of a tower walks a distance 3a away from the tower and observes that the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is α. He then walks a distance 4a perpendicular to the previous direction and observes the angle of elevation to be β. The height of the tower is (1) 3a tan α (2) 5a tan β (3) 4a tan β (4) 7a tan β

166. If A and B are square matrices of order 3 such that |A| = – 1, |B| = 3, then |3AB| is equal to (1) –9 (2) –81 (3) –27 (4) 81

**LMcos α 167. Let F(α ) = M sin α MN 0
**

(1) F(– α)

**− sin α 0 cos α 0 , where α ∈ R, then [F(α) –1 ] is equal to 0 1
**

(2) F(α–1) (3) F(2α) (4) None of these

OP PP Q

168. If A is an invertible matrix, then which of the following is correct? (1) A–1 is multivalued (2) A–1 is singular (3)

( A −1 )T1 ( A T )−1

(4)

|A| ≠ 0

169. The system of equations –2x + y + z = a, x – 2y + z = b, x + y – 2z = c has no solution, if (1) a+b+c≠0 (2) a+b+c=0 (3) a = 1, b = 1, c = –2 (4) None of these

**1 1 1 −1 170. The rank of matrix A = 1 2 3 4 is 3 4 5 2
**

(1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 1

LM MM N

OP PP Q

171. The point on the curve x 2 = 2y which is closest to the point (0, 5) is (1) (1, 1/2) (2) (–1, 1/2) (3) (2√2, 4) (4) (2, 2)

172. In a certain factory turning out razors blades, there is a small chance of 0.002 for any blade to be defective. The blades are supplied in packets of 10. Using Poisson distribution, the approximate number of packets containing two defective blades respectively in a consignment of 10,000 packets is (1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 4 (4) 6

173. Three machines M1, M 2 and M 3 produce identical items. Of their respective output 5%, 4% and 3% items are faulty. On a certain day, M1 has produced 25 % of the total output, M2 has produced 30% and M3 the remainder. An item selected at random is found to be faulty. What are the chances that it was produced by the machine with the highest output? (1) 0.355 (2) 0.435 (3) 0.625 (4) 0.1

**174. The probability density function of variate X is
**

X: Y: 0 k 1 3k 2 5k 4 9k 5 11k 6 13k

**What will be the minimum value of k so that P(X ≤ 2) > 0.3? (1)
**

1 49

(2)

24 49

(3)

1 30

(4)

13 30

(18) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

175. One hundred identical coins, each with probability p of showing up heads, are tossed. If 0 < p < 1 and the probability of heads showing on 50 coins is equal to that of heads showing on 51 coins, the value of p is (1)

1 2

(2)

49 101

(3)

50 101

(4)

51 101

176. In sampling a large number of parts manufactured by a machine, the mean number of defective in a small sample of 20 is 2. Out of 1000 such samples, how many would be expected to contain at least 3 defective parts? (1) 292 (2) 323 (3) 312 (4) 268

177. α, β, γ and δ are the roots of the equation x 4 + ax3 + 2x 2 + bx + 1 = 0, then (1 + α 2 ). (1 + β 2 ) (1+ γ 2).(1 + δ 2 ) equals (1) a 2 + b2 (2) (a – b) 2 + 1 (3) (a – b)2 (4) 2(a2 + b2) +1

178. Given a random variable whose range is set {1, 2} and whose probability density is f(1) = 1/4 and f(2) = 3/4. The mean and variance of this distribution are, respectively (1)

7 13 , 2 4

(2)

7 13 , 4 4

(3)

7 3 , 2 16

(4)

7 3 , 4 16

**LM1 179. If S = M1 MN1
**

(1)

1 ω2 ω

1 ω2 ω

OP P ω P Q

2

1 ω and ω is the cube root of unity, then S –1 is equal to

LM1 MM1 N1

OP P ω P Q

1 ω

2

(2)

1 1 1 1 ω2 2 1 ω

LM MM N

OP P ω P Q

1 ω

2

(3)

1 1 1 1 1 ω ω2 4 1 ω2 ω

LM MM N

OP PP Q

(4)

1 1 1 1 ω 3 1 ω2

LM MM N

1 ω2 ω

OP PP Q

180. To a man running at a speed of 20 km/hr, the rain drops appear to be falling at an angle of 30° from the vertical. If the rain drops are actually falling vertically downwards, their velocity in km/hr is (1) 10√3 (2) 10 (3) 20√3 (4) 40

181. The end of a heavy uniform rod AB can slide along a rough horizontal rod AC to which it is attached by a ring. B and C are joined by a string. If ∠ABC be a right angle, when the rod is on the point of sliding, µ the coefficient of friction and α the angle between AB and the vertical, then (1) µ = 2 tan α/(2 + tan 2 α) (2) µ = tan α/(2 + tan 2 α) (3) µ = 2 cot α/(1 + cot 2 α) (4) µ = cot α/(2 + cot 2 α)

182. The centres of a set of circles, each of radius 2, lie on the circle x 2 + y2 = 36. The locus of any point in the set is (1) 4 ≤ x 2 + y 2 ≤ 64 (2) 4 ≤ x 2 + y 2 ≤ 25 (3) 9 ≤ x 2 + y 2 ≤ 25 (4) 16 ≤ x 2 + y 2 ≤ 64

183. The equation of circle passing through (3, –6) and touching both the axes is (1) (3) x 2 + y 2 – 6x + 4y – 3 = 0 x2 + y2 + 30x – 30y + 225 = 0 (2) (4) x 2 + y 2 + 6x – 6y + 9 = 0 x 2 + y 2 – 30x + 30y + 225 = 0

184. The length of the chord of the circle x2 + y 2 = 25 joining the points, tangents at which intersect at an angle of 120° is (1)

5 2

(2)

5

(3)

10

(4)

None of these

185. The equations of four circles are (x ± a)2 + (y ± a) 2 = a 2 . The radius of a circle touching all the four circles is (1)

( 2 − 2) a

(2)

2 2a

(3)

( 2 + 1) a

(4)

(2 + 2 ) a

IC : PTpnrhm01

(19) of (48)

186. A square is inscribed in the circle x 2 + y 2 – 10x – 6y + 30 = 0. One side of the square is parallel to y = x + 3, then one vertex of the square is (1) (4, 3) (2) (7, 3) (3) (6, 3 – 3 ) (4) (6, 3 +

3 )

187. Equation of a circle through the origin and belonging to the co-axial system, of which the limiting points are (1, 2), (4, 3) is (1) x 2 + y 2 – 2x + 47 = 0 (2) x 2 + y2 + 8x + 6y = 0 (3) 2x 2 + 2y 2 – x – 7y = 0 (4) x 2 + y 2 – 6x – 10y = 0

188. The number of common tangents that can be drawn to x 2 + y 2 + 3x + 7y – 10 = 0 and 2x 2 + 2y 2 + 6x + 7y + 5 = 0 are (1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 2 (4) 4

189. A bag contains an assortment of blue and red balls. If two balls are drawn at random, the probability of drawing two red balls is five times the probability of drawing two blue balls. Furthermore, the probability of drawing one ball of each color is six times the probability of drawing two blue balls. The number of red and blue balls respectively in the bag is (1) 6 and 3 (2) 3 and 6 (3) 2 and 3 (4) None of these

**190. The probability of a man hitting a target is least once is greater than (1) 2
**

2 ? 3

1 . How many times must he fire so that the probability of his hitting the target at 4

(2)

3

(3)

4

(4)

5

191. Two integers x and y are chosen, without replacement, at random from the set {x:0 ≤ x, y ≤ 10, yx is an integer} the probability that |x – y| ≤ 5 is (1)

87 121

(2)

89 121

(3)

91 121

(4)

101 121

192. A second order determinant is written down at random using the numbers 1, – 1 as elements. The probability that the value of the determinant is non zero is (1)

1 3

(2)

3 8

(3)

5 8

(4)

1 2

193. In a family of n children, let A be the event that the family has children of both sexes and let B the event that there is at most one girl in the family. Then the value of n for which the event A and B are independent is (assuming that each child has probability (1) 3

1 of being a boy) 2

(2)

4

(3)

5

(4)

6

194. A book contains 1000 pages. A page is chosen at random. The probabilities that the sum of the digits of the marked number on the page is equal to 9 is: (1)

23 500

(2)

11 200

(3)

7 100

(4)

None of these

195. An unbiased die with faces marked 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 is rolled four times. Out of the four face values obtained, the probability that the minimum face value is not less then 2 and the maximum face value is not greater than 5, is (1)

1 81

(2)

16 81

(3)

65 81

(4)

80 81

**196. If X and Y are independent binomial variates B(5, 1/2) and B(7, 1/2), then P(X + Y = 3) is (1)
**

55 1024

(2)

55 4098

(3)

55 2048

(4)

None of these

(20) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

197. The probability that at least one of the events A and B occur is 0.6. If A and B occur simultaneously with probability 0.2, then

**P ( A) + P (B ) , where A and B are complements of A and B respectively, is equal to
**

(1) 0.4 (2) 0.8 (3) 1.2 (4) 1.4

198. If u = log(x3 + y 3 + z 3 – 3xyz) and (1) 9 (2)

LM ∂ + ∂ + ∂ OP N∂ x ∂ y ∂ zQ

–9

t −1 2−t t+4 t−3

2

u=

k , then k is equal to ( x + y + z)2

(3) 3 (4) –3

t 2 + 3t

199. If

At 4

+

Bt 3

+

Ct 2

+ Dt + E =

t +1 t −3

t − 3 , then E equals 3t

(1)

33

(2)

–39

(3)

27

(4)

24

200. If u = (1) u

x 2 ( x 2 − y 2 )2 ( x 2 + y 2 )2

, then x .

∂u ∂u + y. is equal to ∂x ∂y

(2) 2u (3) 1/2u (4) 3u

201. In a series of 5 observations, the values of mean and variance are 4.4 and 8.24, if three observations are 1, 2 and 6, then the other two are (1) 4, 3 (2) 6, 7 (3) 4, 9 (4) 9, 6

202. In a surprise check on passengers in a local bus, 20 ticketless passengers were caught. The sum of squares and the standard deviation of the amount found in their pockets were Rs.2000 and Rs.6, respectively. If the total fine imposed on these passengers is equal to the total amount found in their pockets and the fine imposed is uniform, what is the amount that each one of them will have to pay as fine? (1) Rs.10 (2) Rs.8 (3) Rs.12 (4) Rs.16

203. A company has three establishments E 1, E2 and E 3 in three cities. Analysis of the monthly salaries paid to the employees in the three establishment is given below: E1 Number of employees Average monthly salary (Rs.) Standard deviation of monthly salary (Rs.) (1) 48.69 (2) 39.48 20 305 50 (3) E2 25 300 40 43.46 E3 40 340 45 (4) 58.95

The standard deviation of the monthly salaries of all the 85 employees in the company

204. The standard deviation of the combined group of 500 items from the following data. Group I No. of items : Arithmetic mean : Variance : (1) 8.6 (2) 9.0 100 50 100 (3) 7.2 Group II 150 55 121 (4) Group III 250 60 144 11.98

205. For a group containing 100 items, the arithmetic mean and standard deviation are 8 and 10.5 . For 50 observations selected from these 100 observations, the mean and standard deviation are 10 and 2 respectively. The mean and standard deviation of the remaining 50 observations is (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 5

IC : PTpnrhm01

(21) of (48)

206. The S.D. from the following data is Group I Number Standard deviation Mean (1) 8 50 6 113 (2) 5 Group II 60 7 ? (3) 4 Group III 90 ? 115 (4) 6 Combined 200 7.746 116

207. The mean, median and the coefficient of variation of 100 observations are found to be 90, 84 and 80 respectively. The coefficient of skewness for this system is (1) 0.15 (2) 0.25 (3) 0.4 (4) 0.6

208. Karl Pearson's coefficient of skewness of a distribution is + 0.32. Its standard deviation is 6.5 and mean is 29.6. The mode of the distribution is (1) 24.3 (2) 35.8 (3) 20.2 (4) 27.5

209. A coin is tossed 2n times. The chance that the number of times one gets head is not equal to the number of times one gets tail is (1)

(2n) ! 1 (n !)2 2

FG IJ H K

2n

(2)

1−

(2n) ! (n !)2

(3)

1−

(2n) ! 1 ⋅ (n !)2 4n

(4)

None of these

210. The mean of a certain distribution is 50, its standard deviation is 15 and coefficient of skewness is –1. The median of the distribution is (1) 40 (2) 45 (3) 55 (4) 48

211. The coefficient of correlation between x and y, when n = 10, Σx = 60, Σy = 60, Σx 2 = 400, Σy 2 = 580 and Σxy = 305 is (1) 0.68 (2) –0.68 (3) 0.58 (4) –0.58

212. The coefficient of correlation between two variables X and Y is 0.3. Their covariance is 9. The variance of X is 16. The standard deviation of Y series is (1) 7.5 (2) 3.2 (3) 8.9 (4) 6.4

213. If in bivariate distribution cov(x,y) = 40, var(x) = 50 and var(y) = 72, then coefficient of correlation in x and y is (1) 0.67 (2) 0.33 (3) 0.001 (4) 27

214. In two sets of variables x and y with 50 observations each the following data were observed: Mean x Series = 10, S.D. x Series = 3. Mean y Series = 6, S.D. y Series = 2. Coefficient of correlation between x and y = +0.3. However, it was later on found that one value of X (= 10) and one value of Y (= 6) were inaccurate and hence weeded out. With the remaining 49 pairs of values how is the coefficient of correlation affected? (1) Increase by 20% (2) Decrease by 20% (3) Remains unchanged (4) None of these

215. You are given the following data. Series Mean Standard deviation Coefficient of Correlation = 2/3. The regression coefficients b yx and b xy are (1) 2, 2/9 (2) 2, 9/2 (3) 4, 3/8 (4) 3, 2/7 X 6 4 Y 8 12

216. The equation of the line of regression of y on x for the following data is x: y: (1) 5 5 y = 0.4x + 7 2 8 (2) 1 4 y = 0.4x – 7 4 2 (3) 3 10 y = –0.4x – 7 (4) y = –0.4x + 7

(22) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

217. Which of the statement/s is/are correct? i. ii. iii. iv. (1) The regression coefficient of y on x is 3.2 and that of x on y is 0.8. The two regression coefficients are 0.4 and –0.2. The two regression coefficient are given to be 0.8 and 0.2 and the coefficient of correlation is 0.4. 40x – 18y = 5 and 8x – 10y + 6 = 0 are respectively the regression equations of y on x and x on y. i and iii (2) ii, iii and iv (3) only iv (4) only iii

218. The equations of two regression lines obtained in a correlation analysis are 3x + 12y = 19 and 3y + 9x = 46. Then the correlation coefficient is (1) 0.35 (2) –0.35 (3) 0.43 (4) –0.28

219. If the regression coefficients be given by b yx = 1.6 and b xy = 0.4 and θ be the angle between two regression lines, then the value of tan θ (1) 0.6 (2) 0.2 (3) 0.1 (4) 0.9

220. A department in a works has 10 machines which may need adjustment from time to time during the day. Three of these machines are old, each having a probability of 1/11 of needing adjustment during the day, and 7 are new having corresponding probabilities 1/21. Assuming that no machine needs adjustment twice on the same day, the probability that on a particular day just 2 old and no new machine need adjustment is (1) 0.016 (2) 0.12 (3) 0.09 (4) 0.08

221. While walking in a forest an ecologist got 300 insect bites in two and half hours. For how many one-minute intervals was he free from insect bites? (e –2 = .1353) (1) 10 minute (2) 15 minute (3) 20 minute (4) None of these

222. For a certain normal variate X, the mean is 12 and the S.D. is 4. Then P(4 ≤ X ≤ 20) (1) 0.15 (2) 0.35 (3) 0.95 (4) 0.18

**223. X is a normal variate with mean 30 and S.D. 5. The probability that |X – 30| > 5 (1) 0.73 (2) 0.85 (3) 0.31 (4) 0.53
**

5 . 32

224. A coin is tossed n times. The probability of getting atleast one head is greater than that of getting at least two tails by Then n is (1) 5 (2) 10 (3) 15 (4) none of these

225. If mean of a Binomial Distribution is 20 and standard deviation is 4, then number of events is (1) 50 (2) 25 (3) 100 (4) 80

226. A normal distribution with x = 50 and σ = 10 is given. The value of x that has 16% of the area to its left is (1) 30 (2) 40 (3) 35 (4) 25

$ 227. If a = $ + 2 $ + 3k , b = − $ + 2$ + k and c = 3 $ + $ , then i j i j $ i j

→

→

→

FG a + t b IJ H K

→ →

is perpendicular to c , if the value of t is 5 (4) 6

→

(1)

3

(2)

4

(3)

$ i j $ 228. The work done by the forces P= +2$ − 3$ + k and Q = $ + 5$ − 3k to displace the particle from point A to point B whose position i j $ $ vectors are −2 $ + 5$ + 7k and 3 $ + 7 $ + 2k , is i j i j

(1)

31 units

(2)

29 units

(3)

9 units

(4)

None of these

IC : PTpnrhm01

(23) of (48)

$ i j $ i j 229. The unit vector which is perpendicular to each of the vectors a = 3 $ + 2 $ − k , and b = 12 $ + 5 $ − 5k is

→

→

(1)

$ i j 5 $ + 3$ − 9k 115

(2)

$ i j −5$ + 3$ + 9k 115

(3)

$ i j −5$ + 3$ − 9k 115

(4)

$ i j −5$ − 3 $ + 9k 115

$ 230. The area of triangle whose two adjacent sides are a = $ + 4 $ − k and b = $ + $ + 2k is i j $ i j

→

→

(1)

3√7

(2)

2/5 √61

→

(3)

3/2√11

→

(4)

None of these

i j $ i j $ 231. The unit vector which is perpendicular to the vectors a = 2 $ + $ + k and b = 3$ + 4 $ − k. is $+$+k i j $ 3 −$ + $ − k i j $ 3 $−$+k i j $ 3 −$ + $ + k i j $ 3

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

$ $ i j $ i j 232. The moment of the force 3 $ + $ − 2k acting through the point $ − 2$ + 2k about the point 2 $ − $ + k is i j

(1)

$+$+k i j $

(2)

$ $ + $ + 2k i j

1

(3)

6

e$i − $j − 2k$ j

(4)

None of these

$ i $ $ i j j i j 233. The vectors 2 $ − $ + λk , $ + 2 $ − 3k and 3$ − 4 $ + 5k are coplanar if λ is equal to

(1)

1

(2)

2

(3)

3

(4)

4

**234. For non–zero vectors a , b , c a × b ⋅ c = a ⋅ b ⋅ c is true only when
**

→ → → → → →

→ → →

FG H

→

→

IJ K

→

→

→

→

(1)

→

a=b= c .

→ → →

→

→

(2)

a⋅ b = b ⋅ c = c ⋅ a = 0 .

(3)

→ →

a⋅ b = 0

(4)

None of these

235. a × b b × c c × a

LM N

→

→ →

OP Q

is equal to

(1)

L 2M a N

→

→

→

b c

→

OP Q

→ → →

(2)

3 a b c

LM N

→

→

→

OP Q

→

(3)

LM a N

→ → →

b c

OP Q

2

(4)

zero

**236. If a , b , c are three non-coplanar non-zero vectors and r is any vector in space, then
**

( a × b ) × ( r × c )) + ( b × c ) × ( r × a ) + ( c × a ) × ( r × b ) is equal to

→ → → → → → → →

→ → →

(1)

→→→ →

2[ a b c ] r

(2)

→→→ →

→→→ →

3[ a b c ] r

(3)

[a b c] r

(4)

None of these

**237. If AB = b and AC = c , then the length of the perpendicular from A to the line BC is
**

| b × c|

→ → → →

→

→

→

→

| b × c|

→ →

→ →

(1)

| b + c|

(2)

| b − c|

(3)

1 | b × c| 2 → → | b − c|

→

→

(4)

None of these

(24) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

**238. The projection of the vector i + j + k on the line whose vector equation is r = (3 + t) i + (2t − 1) j + 3t k , t being a scalar, is
**

1 6

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

(1)

14

(2)

6

(3)

14

(4)

None of these

**239. A vector r satisfies the equations r × a = b and r . a = 0 . Then which of the following is true?
**

→ →

→

→

→

→

→ →

(1)

r =

a× b

→ →

→

(2)

→

→

r =

a× b

→ →

→

→

→

(3)

r =

a× b

→ →

→

(4)

→ → → →

None of these

→ → → →

a. b

a. a

b. b

240. If the vectors a , b , c are non-coplanar and l, m, n, are distinct scalars, then [l a + m b + n c l b + m c + n a l c + m a + n b ] = 0 , if (1)

→ → →

→

lm + nm + nl = 0

(2)

l+m+n=0

(3)

l2 + m2 + n2 = 0

(4)

l3 + m3 + n3 = 0

→ 241. The vector x is perpendicular to the vectors a = 2 i + 3 j − k and b = i − 2 j + 3 k . If x .(2 i − j + k ) = −6 , then x is equal to

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

(1)

−3 i + 3 j + 3 k

→

→

→

(2)

3 i − 3 j+ 3k

→

→

→

(3)

3 i + 3 j− 3k

→

→

→

(4)

None of these

242. The direction cosines of a line connected by the relations l + m + n = 0, mn – 2nl – 2lm = 0 are (1) –

1 6

,

1 6

,

1 6

(2)

–

1 6

,

−2 6

,

2 6

(3)

1 6

,

2 6

,

−2 6

(4) −

1 6

,

2 6

,

−1 6

243. The vector equation of a line passing through (2, –1, 1) and parallel to the line whose equation is (1) (3) r = 2i + j – k + λ (2i – 7j + 3k) r = 2i – j – k + λ (2i + 7j – 3k) (2) (4) r = 2i – j + k + λ (2i + 7j – 3k) None of these

x −3 y +1 z −2 is = = 2 7 −3

244. The direction cosines of three concurrent lines are proportional to (l, –2, 2) (0, 2, –1), (1, 2, 0) are (1) coplanar (2) collinear (3) parallel (4) None of these

245. Let f ( x ) =

1 (18 − x )

2

, the value of Lim

x →3

FG f (x) − f(3) IJ H x −3 K

is

(1)

0

(2)

– 1/9

(3)

–1/3

(4)

1/9

f (x )

246. Let f : R → R be a differentiable function and f(1) = 4. Then the value of Lim

x→ 1

z

4

2t dt is x −1

(4) f’ (1)

(1)

8f’ (1)

(2)

4f’ (1)

(3)

2f’ (1)

247. The value of lim

1 1 1 1 . + 2 2 2 1 1 1 . + 2 2 2 π 4 1 + 2 1 ... n terms 2

n→∞

is

(1)

π 2

(2)

(3)

π 3

(4)

π 6

IC : PTpnrhm01

(25) of (48)

248. Let f(x) be strictly increasing and differentiable then lim (1) 1 (2) –1

x →0

f ( x )2 − f ( x ) is f( x ) − f (0)

(3)

0

(4)

2

249. The series Un = (1) divergent

n+1 − n np

FG p > 1 IJ H 2K

(2)

is (3) oscillatory (4) None of these

convergent

**250. The value of Lim [ x 2 + x + sin x] where [.] denotes the greatest integer function
**

x→ 0

(1)

does not exist

(2)

is equal to zero

(3)

–1

(4)

None of these

(26) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

Detailed Solutions

1. If S is the focus of the parabola and T is the point of intersection of tangents at P and Q, then ST 2 2. = SP × SQ ⇒ ST 2 = 4 × 9 ⇒ ST = 6. Ans.(2) 7. We know that, for |y| < 1

1 1 1 y + y 3 + y 5 +... = [log (1 + y) – log (1–y)] 3 5 2

A' A = 2 / 3 1/ 3

LM−2 / 3 MM N

1/ 3 2/3 −2 / 3

OP P 2 / 3P Q

2/3

1/ 3 × 1/ 3

LM−2 / 3 MM N 2/3

2/3 1/ 3

2 / 3 −2 / 3

OP P 2/3 P Q

1/ 3

Thus,

x 1+ x 2

+

1 x 3 1+ x 2

FG H

IJ K

3

+

1 x 5 1+ x 2

FG H

IJ K

5

+...

8.

4 / 9 + 1/ 9 + 4 / 9 −4 / 9 + 2 / 9 + 2 / 9 −2 / 9 − 2 / 9 + 4 / 9 = −4 / 9 + 2 / 9 + 2 / 9 4 / 9 + 4 / 9 + 1/ 9 2/9−4/9+2/9 =I −2 / 9 − 2 / 9 + 4 / 9 2 / 9 − 4 / 9 + 2 / 9 1/ 9 + 4 / 9 + 4 / 9

Hence the matrix is orthogonal. Ans.(2) We have, f (x) = (x + 1) 1/3 – (x – 1) 1/3 ∴ f '( x ) =

1 1 1 − 3 ( x + 1)2 / 3 ( x − 1) 2 /3

LM MM N

OP PP Q

**LM FG IJ FG IJ OP K H K QP NM H 1 F 1+ x + x I = logG J . Ans.(2) 2 H 1+ x − x K
**

= 1 x x − log 1− log 1+ 2 1+ x 2 1+ x 2

2 2

LM NM

OP QP

=

( x − 1)2 / 3 − ( x + 1)2 / 3 3( x 2 − 1)2 / 3

Clearly, f’(x) does not exist at x = ± 1. Now, f’(x) = 0 ⇒ (x–1) 2/3 = (x + 1) 2/3 ⇒ x = 0 Clearly, f ’(x) ≠ 0 for any other value of x ∈ [0,1]. The value of f(x) at x = 0 is 2. Hence, the greatest value of f(x) is 2. Ans.(2) 9. af(x) = – g (x) ≤ – 1/4. Since g(x) ≥ 1/4 for all x. But this is not possible as a f(x) > 0 for all x. Thus the number of solution is zero. Ans.(4) Let I =

3.

**We know that the coefficient of the (r + 1)th term in the expansion of (1 + x) 18 is 18 C r . According to the given condition
**

18 C 2r+3 = 18 C r–3 .

2r + 3 + r – 3 = 18 ⇒ r = 6. Ans.(1) 4. The given equation will be consistent, if

λ − 1 3λ + 1 2λ λ − 1 4 λ − 2 λ + 3 = 0 (operate R 2 − R 1 ) 2 3λ + 1 3λ − 3

λ − 1 3λ + 1 2λ − λ + 3 = 0 (operate C 3 + C 2 )

10.

z

2 0

x 2 dx =

z

1 0 3 2

x 2 dx +

z

1

2

x 2 dx +

z

3

x 2 dx +

2

z

2

x 2 dx

3

or if

0 2

λ−3

= 0 dx +

0

z z z z

1 2 2 1

dx + 2 dx + 3 dx

3

3λ + 1 3 λ − 3

= 0 + √2 – 1 + 2 (√3 – √2) + 3(2 – √3) = √2 – 1 + 2 √3 – 2 √2 + 6 – 3 √3 = 5 – (√2 + √3). Ans.(2) 11. The required locus is obtained by eliminating the variable m from the given equations of the lines. We then have

λ − 1 3 λ + 1 5λ + 1 or if, 0 λ−3 0 =0 2 3 λ + 1 6λ − 2

λ − 1 5λ + 1 2 6λ − 2

⇒ (λ − 3 )

= 0, λ = 0, 3 . Ans.(1)

FG x − y IJ FG x + y IJ = mFG 1 IJ ⇒ x − y = 1 H 3 2 KH 3 2 K H mK 9 4

2 2

This is clearly a hyperbola. Ans.(3) 12. We have

5.

1 e e dx x dx = I= x(1+ log x ) 1 1+ log x 1

z

z

ex = e x (1− x )−1 1− x

x2 x 3 + +... (1+ x + x 2 + x 3 +...) 2 ! 3! 1 1 1 + +...+ ∀n ≥ 0 n! 1! 2 !

= 1+ x +

**= log(1+ log x) 1 = log 2 − log1 = log 2 . Ans.(1)
**

6.

f (α ) =

e

F GH

I JK

z

1 xα

0

−1 dx log x

.... (i),

= A o + A 1 x + A 2x 2 + .... where A n = 1+ Thus, A 2 = 1 + 1 + 13.

then f '(α ) =

z

1

0

∂ x −1 dx = ∂α log x

1

F GH

α

I JK

z

1 x α log x

0

log x

dx

**LMQ d (n ) = n log nOP N dt Q
**

t t

1 5 = , and A n+1 – A n = 1/(n+1)!. Ans.(4) 2 2

The (r + 1)th term in the expansion of [(3/2)x 2 – (1/3x)] 9 is given by

=

z

1 α

0

x dx =

x α +1 1 = α +1 1+ α

0

Tr +1 = 9 Cr

FG 3 x IJ FG − 1 IJ H 2 K H 3x K

2 9 −r

r

**Now integrating both sides w.r.t. α, f(α) = log (1 + α) + c ....(ii) From (i), when α = 0, f(0) = 0 ∴ from (ii), f(0) = log (1) + c, i.e., c = 0. Hence (ii) gives, f(α) = log (1 + α). Ans.(1)
**

IC : PTpnrhm01

= 9 Cr ( −1)r

3 9 −2r 2 9 −r

x 18 −3 r

.... (1)

Since we are looking for the coefficient of the term independent of x in the

(27) of (48)

expansion of (1+ x + 2 x 3 )

FG 3 x H2

2

−

1 3x

IJ K

9

.... (2)

19.

−t We have, φ( x ) = e 1

z

x

2

/2

(1− t 2 )dt

We must get the coefficients of x 0, x –1 and x –3 in [(3/2)x 2 – 1(3x)] 9 . For x 0 , r must be 6 in (1); for x –1 , there is no value of r; and for x –3 , r must be 7 in (1). Therefore, the coefficient of the term independent of x in (2) is

9

⇒ φ'( x ) = e − x

2

/2

(1− x 2 ) .

Now, φ’ (x) = 0 ⇒ 1 – x 2 = 0 ⇒ x = ± 1. Hence, x = ± 1 are points of extremum of φ (x). Ans.(4) 20. f’(x) = 2x – a/x 2, f’(x) = 0 ⇒ 2x = a/x 2 ⇒ x = (a/2) 1/3 . Clearly for x = (a/2) 1/3 we have f”(x) > 0. So 2 = (a/2) 1/3 ⇒ a = 16. Ans.(2) 21. We have x = a cos θ + (1/2) b cos 2θ, y = a sin θ + (1/2) b sin 2 θ. ∴

C6 ( −1)6 .

3 9 −12 2 9−6

+ 2 . 9 C7 ( −1)7 .

3 9 −14 2 9−7

=

9.8.7 3 −3 9.8 3 −5 7 2 17 . Ans.(3) . + 2. ( −1). 2 = − = 12.3 2 3 12 18 27 54 . . 2

14.

y=

sin –1 x

and z =

cos –1

√(1 –

x 2)

=

sin –1 x

Then y = z. Now

dy =1 . dz

**dy dx = −a sin θ − b sin 2θ, = a cos θ + b cos 2 θ dθ dθ dy a cos θ + b cos 2θ = dx −a sin θ − b sin 2θ
**

d2y dx 2 =− d a cos θ + b cos 2θ dθ dθ a sin θ + b sin 2θ dx

**Hence required differential coefficient = 1. Ans.(3) 15.
**

π/2

⇒

I=

π/3

z

2 cos( x / 2 ) 2 sin 2 ( x / 2)

5 /2

dx =

1 cos( x / 2 ) dx 4 π/3 sin5 ( x / 2)

π /2

z

⇒

FG H

IJ K

**Now put sin (x/2) = t and cos (x/2) dx = 2 dt
**

1 2

1/ 2 1/2

∴ I=

z

dt t

5

=

1 t −4 2 −4

LM OP NM QP

1/ 2

=

1/ 2

−1 −4 t 8

1 1 2 2

=

−1 ( 2 )4 − (2 )4 8

⇒

d2y dx 2

**R (a sin θ + b sin 2θ)(−a sin θ − 2b sin 2θ U | −(a cos θ + b cos 2θ)(a cos θ + 2b cos 2θ) | | | = −S V (a sin θ + b sin 2 θ) | | | | T W
**

2

=

−1 −1 3 4 − 16 = −12 = . Ans.(1) 8 8 2

c h

1 ( −a sin θ − b sin 2θ)

∴

d2y dx 2 = 0 ⇒ (a sin θ + b sin 2θ) (–a sin θ – 2 b sin 2θ)

16.

Applying R 3 → R 3 – x R 1 – R 2 , we have

a ∆= b b c ax + b 0 a b ax + b bx + c

bx + c = b c

ax + b bx + c

0 0 −( ax 2 + 2bx + c )

–(a cos θ + b cos 2 θ) (a cos θ + 2 b cos 2θ) = 0 ⇒ – a 2 – 2 b 2 – 3 ab (cos 2 θ cos θ + sin θ sin 2 θ) = 0 ⇒ a 2 + 2 b 2 = 3 a b cos θ ⇒ cos θ = 22. The given equation is y = 2x. Area OCD is below x-axis, therefore, we will take minus sign in the formula for area OCD

y B a2 + 2 b2 . Ans.(3) 3 ab

**= (b 2 – ac) (ax 2 + 2b x + c). Now ∆ = 0 ⇒ b 2 = ac or a x 2 + 2b x + c = 0 ⇒ a, b, c are in G.P. or x is a root of the equation ax 2 + 2b x + c = 0. Ans.(4) 17. Let z = px + qy. Then, z [∴ xy = r 2]
**

2 dz qr 2 ⇒ dz = p − qr . For max or min =0⇒x =± 2 dx p dx x

For x =

qr 2 p

, we have

d z dx 2 qr 2 p

2

=

2 qr x3

2

>0

x’

C

O

2x y=

(0, 0) y’

(2, 4) A (2, 0)

x

( –2

,–

4)

D

Hence, z is min. for x =

with the minimum value

**∴Required area = Area OCD + Area OAB
**

=

qr 2 qr 2 z=p + = 2r pq . Ans.(1) p qr 2 p

−2

zc

0

− y dx + y dx = −2 x dx + 2 x dx

0 −2 0

h

z

2

z z

0 2

**= −2 18. Distance of any point (x, y) from y = 2x – 1 is
**

4

y − 2x + 1 5

2

. If (x, y) is on 23.

Fx I GH 2 JK

2

0

+2

−2

Fx I GH 2 JK

2

2

= – (0 – 4) + (4 – 0) = 8. Ans.(4)

0

**If plane x – 3y + 5z = d passes through (1, 2, 4) then 1 – 6 + 20 = d or d = 15. ∴ Equation of plane x – 3y + 5z = 15 or
**

x y z + + =1 15 −5 3

y = x 4 + 3x 2 + 2x then this distance is S =

x + 3x + 1 5

dS 4 x 3 + 6 x dS = ⇒ = 0 ⇒ x = 0 . Also S’ (x) < 0 for x < 0 and S’ (x) > 0 for dx dx 5

Hence lengths of intercepts are 15, – 5, 3. Ans.(1)

**x > 0. Thus S is minimum when x = 0, and min. S is 1/√5. Ans.(4)
**

(28) of (48) IC : PTpnrhm01

24.

Let length of side of cube = a. Then coordinates of corner (P) opposite to origin are → (a, a, a). ∴ or Direction ratio of diagonal OP ⇒ a – 0, a – 0, a – 0, ⇒ a, a, a D. Ratio are → 1, 1, 1. Ans.(2)

2 ∴ 2 | x 1 − x 2 | = y1 − y2 = ( y1 + y2 ) ( y1 − y2 ) 2

But arg (z 1 – z 2) =

π 4

25.

**Distance between parallel planes d = |p 1 – p 2 | where p 1, p 2 are lengths ⊥ ars from (0, 0, 0) to the plane. Length of ⊥ ar form (0, 0, 0) to 2x – 2y + z + 3 = 0 is p 1 =
**

5 16 + 16 + 4 3 4+ 4+1 = 5 6 = 3 9 =1

∴ tan −1

y1 − y2 π = x1 − x 2 4

⇒

y1 − y2 π = tan = 1 x1 − x2 4

**∴ ± 2 = (y 1 + y 2) . 1 ⇒ y 1 + y 2 = ± 2 ∴ Im (z 1 + z 2) = ± 2. Ans.(3) 29. |z 1 | = 12 gives a circle with centre at (0, 0) and radius 12. Minimum value of |z 1 – z 2| = PA
**

B(0 + 12i) 5 5 + 4i 3

C

1

Similarly p 2 = By d = p 1 – p 2

d = 1−

P A A’ (12 + 0i)

5 1 = . Ans.(3) 6 6

[Q z 2 lies on the small circle and z 1 lies on large circle] = OA – OP = 12 – 10 = 2. Ans.(2) 30. Let a = cos α then |a| ≤ 1 ∴ ab sin x + b 1 − a 2 cos x

O (0, 0)

26.

It is easy to observe that both the series consist of 102 terms. Let T p = 3 + 4(p – 1) = 4p – 1 and T q = 2 + 7(q – 1) = 7q – 5 be the general terms of the two series where both p and q lie between 1 and 102. We have to find the values of p and q for which T p = T q . i.e. 4p – 1 = 7q – 5 or 4(p + 1) = 7q ...(1) Now p and q are + ive integers and hence from (1) we conclude that q is multiple of 4 and so let q = 4s and as q lies between 1 and 102, therefore s lies between 1 and 25. ∴

p+1 q = = λ p + 1 = 7λ and q = 4λ 7 4

**= b (sin x cos α + 1− cos 2 α cos x)
**

= b (sin x cos α + sin α cos x) = b sin (x + α) Q ∴ ∴ 31. x2 ⇒ – 1 ≤ sin (x + α) ≤ 1 c – b ≤ b sin (x + α) + c ≤ b + c b sin (x + α) + c ∈ [c – b, c + b]. Ans.(3) + 4xy + y 2 = AX 2 + BY 2 (X cos θ – Y sin θ) 2 + 4(X cos θ – Y sin θ)

both p and q very from 1 to 102 ∴ λ varies from 1 to 14 or from 1 to 25. Hence we choose λ to vary from 1 to 14. Thus there are only 14 common terms T p = 4p – 1 = 4(7λ – 1) – 1 = 28λ – 5 Put λ = 1, 2, 3, ..., 14 and common terms are 23, 51, 79 .... . Ans.(3) 27. For equilateral triangle a2 + 1 = b 2 + 1 = (a – 1) 2 + (1 – b) 2 ∴ ⇒ ⇒ a = b and (a – 1) 2 + (1 – b) 2 = a 2 + 1 a2 – 4a + 1 = 0

4 ± 16 − 4 2

**(X sin θ + Y cos θ) + (X sin θ + Y cos θ) 2 = AX 2 + BY 2 On comparing coefficient of XY. ∴ ∴ – sin 2θ + 4 cos 2θ + sin 2θ = 0 cos 2θ = 0 then 2 θ = nπ +
**

π nπ π ⇒θ= + 2 2 4

∴θ =

π [for n = 0] (Q 0 ≤ θ ≤ π/2). Ans.(2) 4

32.

= 2± 3

cos ( π ( x − 4 ) cos ( π x ) = 1

....(1)

a=

It is possible only when

**cos ( π x − 4 ) = 1 and cos ( π x ) = 1
**

Since x – 4 ≥ 0 and x ≥ 0 ∴ x ≥4 ....(2)

**Since 0 < a < 1, ∴ a = 2 – √3, b = 2 – √3. Ans.(2) 28. Let z = x + iy ∴
**

z+z =x 2

**Also from the given relation
**

z+z = | z − 1| = | x + iy − 1| 2

**From (1), π x − 4 = 0 and π x = 0 ∴ ∴ 33. x = 0, 4 but x ≥ 4 only one solution x = 4. Ans.(2)
**

π π − sin −1 x + − sin −1 y 2 2 2π (given) 3

i.e. x = |(x – 1) + iy| ⇒ x 2 = (x – 1) 2 + y 2 = x 2 – 2x + 1 + y 2 ⇒ 2x = 1 + y 2 If z 1 = x 1 + iy 1 , z 2 = x 2 + iy 2

2 2 Then 2x 1 = 1 + y1 ; 2 x 2 = 1 + y 2

cos −1 x + cos −1 y =

= π – (sin –1 x + sin –1 y) = π −

π . Ans.(2) 3

=

IC : PTpnrhm01

(29) of (48)

34.

**Since a, b, c are roots of x 3 – 11x 2 + 38x – 40 = 0 ∴ a + b + c = 11, ab + bc + ca = 38 and abc = 40 ∴
**

cos A cos B cos C a 2 + b 2 + c 2 ( a + b + c )2 − 2 ( ab + bc + ca) + + = = a b c 2 abc 2 abc (11) 2 − 2 (38 ) 121 − 76 45 9 . Ans.(3) = = = 2 (40 ) 80 80 16

Now centroid is

FG 0, b IJ = FG 0, 3 IJ = FG 0, 1 IJ H 3K H 3 K H 3 K

F 0, 1 I GH 3 JK

∴ reqd. circle is

∴ circumcentre is

=

( x − 0 )2 + y −

35.

(g of) x = g{f(x)} = g{sin 2 x + sin 2 (x + π/3)} + cos x cos (x + π/3)}

F GH

1

I J 3K

2

2

= (1− 0)2 + 0 −

F GH

1

I J 3K

2

R | = g Ssin | T

=g

2

F1 x + G sin x + H2

2

3 cos x 2

I JK

2

+ cos x

F 1 cos x − GH 2

3 sin x 2

IU JK | V | W

40.

or x 2 + y −

F GH

1

I J 3K

1

= 1+

1 4 = 3 3

i.e. x 2 + y −

R 5 sin S4 T

x+

5 5 =1. cos 2 x = g 4 4

U FG IJ V H K W

F GH

I J 3K

2

=

4 . Ans.(1) 3

**Let A be the point (x 0, x 20) on the parabola y = x 2 Equation of the tangent at A to the parabola is
**

y Q (0, x02) A(x0,x02) x P(0, –x 0 )

2

**Hence (g of) x is a constant function. Ans.(2) 36. Q Let ⇒ f : [1, ∞) → [1, ∞) y = f(x) = 2 x(x–1) (Q x = f –1 (y)) log 2 y = x 2 – x ⇒ x 2 – x – log 2 y = 0
**

x= 1± 1 + 4 log2 y 2 1 xx o = (y + x 2 ) 0 2

or 2x 0 x – y = x 20 It meets the y-axis at P(0, –x 2 0) and the line y = x 02 meets the y-axis at Q(0, x 0 2). Hence the area of the triangle

O

∴

f −1 (y) =

1 + 1 + 4 log2 y 2 1 + (1 + 4 log2 x ) 2

(Q x ≥ 1)

PAQ =

1 1 PQ × AQ = × 2 x 2 × x 0 = x 3 . 0 0 2 2

Hence f −1 ( x ) = 37.

. Ans.(2) 41.

Which increases in the interval [2, 3] and hence is greatest when x 0 = 3. Ans.(3) If the given lines are perpendicular then,

The greatest value of cos θ is 1. For the point x = 0, the argument of the given cosine function is 0 e [0] + 2.0 2 – 0 = 0 therefore the greatest value of f(x) is 1. Ans.(2)

−

⇒ 42.

**2 (cos a + cos b) 2 (sin a + sin b) sin 2a + sin 2 b + 2 sin (a + b) = −1 ⇒ =1 × 2 cos( a − b ) 2 sin (a − b) sin 2(a − b)
**

sin 2a + sin 2b = sin 2(a – b) – 2 sin (a + b). Ans.(2)

38.

Let P(h, k) be the point dividing the line joining given points in the ratio 2 : 3 internally, then h=

**Point P (α, β) will be nearest to the line y = 2x if the tangent at P is parallel to the line y = 2x. Now x 2 – y 2 = a 2 ⇒ ∴ 2x – 2y
**

dy =0 dx

FG 1 IJ (20 cos H 5K

θ + 15) = 4 cos θ + 3

1 ∴ h – 3 = 4 cos θ and k = (20 sin θ + 0) = 4 sin θ. 5

dy x dy α = . At (α, β), = dx y dx β

Squaring and adding, (h – 3) 2 + k 2 = 16 ∴ Locus of P(h, k) is (x – or x 2 + y 2 – 6x – 7 = 0 which represents a circle, as a = b and h = 0. Ans.(2) 39. Since two vertices are A(–1, 0) and B(1, 0). ∴ The third vertex of the equilateral triangle must lie on y-axis. Let it be C(0, b). Now, AC = BC = AB ∴ ∴

Y C(0, b)

Also slope of the line y = 2x is 2. ∴

3) 2

+

y2

= 16

α =2 ⇒ α=2β β

∴ locus of P is x – 2y = 0, i.e., 2y – x = 0. Ans.(2) 43. Horizontal and vertical upward components of velocity of projection at the top of the minar are 80 cos 30° = 40√3 f t/sec. and 80 sin 30° = 40 f t/sec. If t is time from the top of minar to the point say P, where the ball strike the ground, then using s = ut +

1 2 ft , we get 2 1 × 32 t 2 ⇒ t = 5 sec . 2

1+ b 2 = 1+ b 2 = 2

b2 =4–1=3

A(–1, 0) 0(0, 0) B(1, 0) X

∴ b = √3 ( Q b > 0) Q triangle is equilateral ∴ circumcentre is centroid of ∆ABC

– 200 = 40t –

∴ Horizontal distance of P from the foot of minar = H.V. × time = 40√3 × 5 = 200√3 ft. Ans.(2)

(30) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

44.

The body will be on the point of sliding down wards, when α = λ, where α is the inclination of plane. ⇒ tan α = tan λ = 1/√3 ⇒ α = 30°. Ans.(2)

g' ( x ) =

45.

Let z = x + iy ⇒ |z – 4| < |z – 2| ⇒ |(x – 4) + iy| < |(x – 2) + iy| ⇒ ⇒

Again as 0 < x ≤ 1, sin 2x – 2x < 0.

**R (tan x − x sec | S tan x | T
**

2

2

x)

**U = R (sin x cos x − x) U = R (sin 2 x − 2 x) U . | | V S sin x | | 2 sin x | V S V | | | | | W T W W T
**

2 2

cx − 4h + y

2

2

<

c x − 2h + y

2

∴ g’(x) < 0 ⇒ g(x) is decreasing. Ans.(3)

sin 2 θ

2

⇒(x –

4) 2

+

y2

< (x –

2) 2

+

y2 51.

x2

+

y2

– 8x + 16 <

x2

+

y2

– 4x + 4 ⇒ – 4x < –12 ⇒ x < 3

g(θ) =

⇒ Re (z) < 3. Ans.(4)

z

0

cos 2 θ

f ( x) dx +

z

0

f( x) dx

46.

We have

**z1 + z2 z1 − z2 z1 + z 2 z z1 − z1z 2 + z 2 z1 − z 2 z2 = = 1 z1 − z 2 z1 z1 − z1z 2 − z2 z1 + z 2 z2 z1 − z2 z1 − z2
**

2

c c

he he

j j

Then g´(θ) = f(sin 2θ) 2 sinθ cosθ – f(cos 2θ) 2sinθ cosθ or g´(θ) = 2sinθ cosθ [f(sin 2 θ) – f(cos 2θ)] Now for g(θ) to be increasing g´(θ) > 0 Hence f(sin 2θ) > f(cos 2 θ) as f(x) is an increasing function

2

e j = | z | −2 Ree z z j + z

2 2 1 1 2

| z1| − 2i Im z1 z 2 − | z 2 |

2

2

=

e j Reez z j− | z |

iIm z 1 z 2

1 2 1

z +z ∴ 1 2 z1 − z 2

is purely imaginary. If

**∴ sin 2θ > cos 2θ hence − 52.
**

π π < x < − . Ans.(2) 2 4

im

ez z j = 0 , then

1 2

**z1 + z2 can be zero also. Ans.(4) z1 − z2
**

z − 5i = 1 ⇒ | z – 5i | = | z + 5i | z + 5i

The dimensions of the box after cutting equal squares of side x on the corner will be 21 – 2x, 16 – 2x and height x. V = x(21 – 2x)(16 – 2x) = x(336 – 74x + 4x 2) or V = 4x 3 – 74x 2 + 336x.

dV = 12x 2 – 148x + 336 = 0 or 3x 2 – 37x + 84 = 0 dx

47.

Let z = x + iy. Then

**⇒ |x + iy – 5i | = |x + iy+ 5i | ⇒ x2 + (y – 5)2 = x 2 + (y + 5)2 ⇒ y = 0. Therefore locus of z is x-axis. Ans.(1) 48. Since 2 cos θ = x +
**

1 x

∴ (x – 3)(3x – 28) = 0 ∴ x = 3.

d2 V = 6x – 37 = –19 = –ve for x = 3. dx 2

Hence V is max. when x = 3. Ans.(3) 53. (√2 + 1) 6 = I + F where I is integer and 0 ≤ F < 1 and (√2 – 1) 6 = G. where 0 < G < 1 ∴ I + F + G = (√2 + 1) 6 + (√2 – 1) 6 = 2[ 6C 0 2 3 + 6 C 2 2 2 + 6C 4 2 + 6C 6 ] = 198. Now 0 < F + G < 2. But F + G = 198 – I is integer. F + G = 1 ∴ I = 198 – 1 = 197. Ans.(2) 54. Put n = 1, then S1 =

2 1

∴ x 2 – 2x cos θ + 1 = 0 ⇒ x = cos θ ± i sin θ Taking +ve sign We get x = cos θ + i sin θ ∴ y = cos φ + i sin φ ∴ xy = (cos θ + i sin θ) (cos φ + i sin φ) = cos (θ + φ) + i sin (θ + φ)

1 = cos(θ + φ) – i sin (θ + φ) xy

∴ xy +

C0 1 = = 1. 1 1

At n = 2, S 2 =

1 = 2 cos (θ + φ) xy

1 4 C0 2 c 2 + = 1+ = . Ans.(3) 1 3 3 3

∴ 49.

1 1 xy + = cos (θ + φ) . Ans.(3) 2 xy

FG H

IJ K

55.

1 3 ⋅ 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1+ ⋅ + ⋅ ⋅ 2 +...= 1+ + 2 2 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 2! 2

FG IJ H K

FG IJ H K

2

+...

**From the given conditions
**

f '( 7 / 4) = f ( 2) − f (1) = f (2) − f (1) = 18 – 24a – 6 + 6a = 12 – 18a 2 −1

= 1−

56.

FG 1 IJ H 2K

/ −12

= 21/2 = 2 . Ans.(4)

Now f'(x) = 3x 2 – 12ax + 5 ⇒ f'

FG 7 IJ = 147 − 84a + 5 H 4 K 16 4

Let t n be the nth term of the series 4 + 11 + 22 + 37 + 56 + .. Since the differences of the successive terms in this series are in AP. So, let tn = an 2 + bn + c Putting n =1, 2, 3 we get a + b + c = 4, 4a + 2b + c = 11 and 9a + 3b + c = 22. Solving these equations, we obtain a = 2, b = 1 and c = 1. ∴ t n = 2n 2 + n + 1, n = 1, 2, .... So, sum of the series =

=

227 − 21a. 16

227 35 35 ∴ 12 − 18 a = − 21 a ⇒ = 3 a ⇒ a = . Ans.(2) 16 16 48

50.

f '( x ) =

**R (sin x − x cos x) U = R cos x (tan x − x) U . | S sin x | | sin x | V S V | | | | T W T W
**

2 2

∑

2n + n + 1 n! n =1

∞

2

**Now 0 < x ≤ 1 ⇒ x lies in Ist quadrant, hence tan x > x and cos x > 0 ∴ f’(x) > 0 for 0 < x ≤ 1. ∴ f(x) is an increasing function. Next,
**

=2

∑ n! + ∑ n ! + ∑ n !

n=1 n=1 n =1

∞

n2

∞

n

∞

1

= 2(2e) + e + (e – 1) = 6e – 1. Ans.(2)

IC : PTpnrhm01

(31) of (48)

57.

We have, a =

∞ ∞ x 3n −1 x 3n x 3 n−2 and c = ,b = ( 3n) ! (3 n − 2)! (3n − 1)! n=0 n=1 n=1

∑

∞

∑

∞

∑

65.

Because l = cos α, m = cosβ, n = cos γ. Because cos²α + cos²β + cos²γ = 1, ∴ (1 – sin² α) + (1 – sin² β) + (1 – sin² γ) = 1 or, sin² α + sin² β + sin² γ = 2. Ans.(4)

⇒a+b+c=

n=0

∑ ( 3n)! + ∑ (3 n − 2)! + ∑ (3 n − 1)!

n=1 n =1

∞

x 3n

x 3 n−2

∞

x 3 n−1

66.

(1)

The given equation can be written as

x y z + − =1 . 9 9 9 2 2

= 1+ x +

x2 x3 + +... = e x . 2! 3!

ω 2 x2 ω 3x3 + +... = e ωx , 2! 3!

∴Intercepts on axes by this plane are 9, 9/2 and –9/2. ∴ Statement (1) is true. (2) (3) Statement (2) is true. The perpendicular distance from (2, 3, 4) to the plane 3x – 6y + 2z + 11 = 0 = ∴ Statement (3) is true. ( 4) The direction ratios of given planes are 2, –1, 1 and –1, 2, 4. ∴ 2. (–1) + (–1). 2 + 1.4 = – 2 – 2 + 4 = 0. ∴ The given planes are ⊥ to each other. ∴ The statement (4) is not true. Ans.(4) 67.

5

a + b ω + c ω2 = 1 + ω x +

2

3.2 − 6.3 + 2.4 + 11 9 + 36 + 4

**and, a + b ω2 + cω = e ω x , ω is an imaginary cube root of unity. Now, a 3 + b 3 + c 3 – 3 abc = (a + b + c) (a + bω + cω2) (a + b ω2 + cω) = e x e ωx e ω x = e x ( 1+ ω + ω ) = e 0 x = e 0 = 1. Ans.(1) 58. We have log 2 + 2
**

2 2

=

7 =1 . 7

FG 1 + 1 . 1 + 1 . 1 +.....∞IJ H5 3 5 5 5 K

3 5 3

= log 2 + log

F 1+ 1 I R GG 5 JJ |QlogFG 1+ x IJ = 2 FG x + x + x −.....IJ U | V S 1 GH 1− 5 JK | H 1 − x K H 3 5 K | W T

68.

**The equation of plane through (–1, 3, 2) is a (x + 1) + b (y – 3) + c (z – 2) = 0 ....(A). This plane is ⊥ to planes x + 2y + 2z = 5 and 3x + 3y + 2z = 8. ∴ a.1 + b.2 + c. 2 = 0 ....(B) and a.3 + b.3 + c.2 = 0 .... (C). Solving these, we get
**

a b c = = or a/2 = b/–4 = c/3 4−6 6−2 3−6

= log 2 + log

59.

Let

**FG 3 IJ = log 3. Ans.(4) H 2K 1 F 1 1 IJ T = . Then T = G − ncn + 1h H n n + 1K
**

n n

∴ From (A) the equation of required plane is 2 (x + 1) – 4 (y – 3) + 3 (z – 2) = 0 or 2x – 4y + 3z + 8 = 0. Ans.(1) Let the equation of the plane passing through (1, 1, 0) is a(x – 1) + b(y – 1) + c(z – 0) = 0 ...(A). Since this plane also pass through the points (1, 2, 1) and (–2, 2, –1). ∴ 0.a + 1.b + 1.c = 0 ....(B), – 3.a + 1.b – 1.c = 0 ....(C). Solving (B) and (C), we get

a b c = = or a/–2 = b/–3 = c/3. −1− 1 −3 − 0 0 + 3

∴ S=

1 1 1 1 − + − +....∞ 1. 2 2 .3 3.4 4 .5

F 1 1 I F 1 1 I F 1 1 I F 1 1I = G − J − G − J + G − J − G − J +.....∞ H 1 2K H 2 3K H 3 4K H 4 5K F 1 1 1 I = 2 G 1− + − +.....J –1 = 2 log ( 1 + 1) – log H 2 3 4 K

60. The equation of common tangent for parabolas y2 61. = 4ax and x2 = 4by is yb 1/3 +x a 1/3 + (ab) 2/3

∴Substituting, the value of a, b, c in (A). ∴ – 2(x – 1) – 3(y – 1) + 3z = 0 or 2x + 3y – 3z = 5. Ans.(4) 69. e = log e The equation of the plane passing through the planes 2x + 3y – 4z = 1 and 3x – y + z + 2 = 0 is given by (2x + 3y – 4z – 1) + λ (3x – y + z + 2) = 0 ....(A). Since it passes through (0, 1, 1), ∴ (0 + 3 – 4 – 1) + λ (0 – 1 + 1 + 2) = 0 ⇒ λ = 1. Substituting the value of λ in (A). ∴ (2x + 3y – 4z – 1) + 1.(3x – y + z + 2) = 0 or 5x +2y – 3z + 1 = 0. Ans.(4)

b+c c+a a+b

e

FG 4 IJ . Ans.(2) H eK

= 0. 70.

Here a = 8, b = 27, hence tangent is 2x + 3y + 36 = 0. Ans.(2) Focus (1, 2), directrix is 3x + 4y = 5, so the equation of the ellipse = (x–1) 2 + (y – 2) 2 =

q +r y+z

r +p z+x

p + q . Applying C 1 + C 2 + C 3 and taking 2 common from x+y

1 ( 3 x + 4y − 5) (3 x + 4 y − 5 ) = . Ans.(3) 4 25 100

b2

2

2

62.

16 3 We have, a 2 = 25, b 2 = 16, e = 1− 2 = 1− = . 25 5 a

C 1, D = 2 p + q + r

a+b+c c +a a+b r +p p+q . x +y+z z+x x +y

b c+a a+b

Therefore coordinates of foci S and S’ are (3, 0) and (–3, 0) respectively. Let P(5 cos θ, 4 sin θ) be a variable point on the ellipse. Then A = area of ∆PSS’

1 2 3 −3 0 0 1 1 = 1 2 3 −6 0 0 1 0 = 24 sin θ = 12 sin θ. 2

Applying C 1 – C 2, D = 2 q r + p p + q . y z+ x x +y

=

5 cos θ 4 sin θ 1

5 cos θ − 3 4 sin θ 0

Applying C 3 – C 1 ⇒ D = 2 q r + p

Clearly, maximum value of A is 12 sq. units. Ans.(2) 63. 64. Given equation ax 2 + 2hxy + by 2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 represents a hyperbola if ∆ ≠ 0, h 2 > ab. Ans.(2) Ans.(3)

b c+a a b c a p or D = 2 q r p y z+ x x y z x

Interchanging C 2 with C 3 and then C 1 with C 2 and hence changing the sign twice. D = 2 p q

a b c D r = 2E or E = . Ans.(3) 2 x y z

IC : PTpnrhm01

(32) of (48)

71.

a2 b2 c

2

a 2 − ( b − c )2 b 2 − ( c − a )2 c − (a − b) b2 + c2 c2 + a2 a2 + b2

2 2

2 2

bc a2 ca = − b 2 ab c

2

(b − c )2 (c − a )2 (a − b)

2

bc ca . [Applying C 2 → C 2 – C 1 ] ab

78.

**LM 3 MM−6 N−3
**

~

−1 2 2 1

4 ~ −2

OP P 2P Q

LM 1 MM N −1

−1 1 2 1

2 .[Applying

OP P 1P Q

1 1 ( C1), (C3 ) ] 3 2

a2 =– b 2 c2

bc ca [Applying C 2 → C 2 + 2C 3 ]. ab

LM 1 MM−2 N −1

0 2 0

0 0 [Applying C 2 → C 1 + C 2, C 3 → C 1 + C 3 ]. Obviously the 3rd

OP P 0P Q

**order minor zero. But there exists a second order non-zero minor i.e.,
**

a +b +c C1 + C2 = − b + c + a c +a +b

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

b +c c +a a +b

2 2

2

2 2 2

bc ca ab

1 2 ≠ 0 . Hence rank of given matrix is 2. Ans.(4) −2 0

79.

1 b +c = −( a + b + c ) 1 c + a 1 a +b

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

∴ equation of circle (x – 0) 2 + (y – k) 2 =

bc ca ab

FkI GH 2 JK

2

Ans.(2)

72.

**Element ‘8’ occurs in 3rd row and 3rd column.
**

2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 =0 ,

k2 ⇒ x 2 + y 2 – 2ky + =0 2

∴ 2x + 2yy’ – 2ky’ = 0 ⇒ k =

(0, k)

2 k/√

.... (1)

y=

–x

y=

x

Its cofactor = ( −1)

3+ 3

4 2 2 =2 2 1 2 3

x + yy' y'

2

1 2 3

**because, R 1 and R 2 are identical. Ans.(4) 73. Put a = 1, b = 2, c = 3 so that
**

13 ∆= 4 9 1 9 1 5 12 0 4 1 3 0 1

from (1) x 2 + y2 − 2y

FG x + yy' IJ + (x + yy') H y' K 2(y')

2

=0

**∴ order = 1, degree = 2 i.e., a = 2, b = 1. Ans.(3) 80. Putting V = y/x in the given equation, we have
**

V+x dV dV 2 2 = V − cos V ⇒ x = − cos V dx dx

10 4 = 0

6 4 =8 0 3 4 4 5 1 2 5

**= 8 [21 – 3] = 144. Option (3) also gives the same value on substituting a = 1, b = 2, c = 3. Ans.(3)
**

1/ a a 2 1/ b b 2 1/ c c2 bc 1 a3 1 ca = 1 b3 abc ab 1 c3 abc 1 a3 abc abc = 1 b3 abc abc 1 c3 1 1 = 0 . Ans.(4) 1

⇒ –sec 2 V dV = dx/x ⇒ –tan V = log x + C Put y = (π/4) when x = 1, we have – tan (π/4) = log 1 + C, i.e., C = –1. Therefore, –tan (y/x) = log x – 1. Ans.(2) 81. Since the subtangent is given by y(dx/dy), so we have y (dx/dy) + x = 1 or dx/dy + (1/y) x = 1/y, which is linear equation in x. Multiplying both sides by the integrating factor e

74.

75.

**The characteristic equation of A is given by |A – λΙ| = 0
**

3−λ 0 3−λ 2 0 2 2−λ = 0 i.e. (3 – λ)(λ – 1)(λ – 4) = 0. Therefore the

z

1 dy y

= elog y = y we get

i.e.

0 0

d ( xy) = 1 ⇒ xy = y + C . dy

characteristic roots of A are 1, 3, 4. Ans.(2) 76. The characteristic equation of given matrix is or λ 2 – 5 = 0. By Cayley’s Hamilton theorem. A2 – 5Ι = 0 or A 2 = 5Ι, so that A 8 = (5Ι) 4 = 625Ι. Ans.(2) 77. A square matrix is orthogonal if

1− λ 2 2 −1− λ =0

**Putting x = 2 and y = 1, we have C = 2 – 1 = 1. xy = y + 1 or (x – 1) y = 1. Ans.(2) 82.
**

y= 1 (cos x − cos 5 x ) . 2 1 [cos (x + 2π) – 5 4 cos (5x + 2π)] 2

∴ y4 =

**LM l 0 AA’ = Ι M MM n NM−m
**

2 2

m 0 l n

n 0 −m −l

OP LM l −1P Mm 0 P Mn PP MM 0 Q N0

0 0

0 0

n l

−m

0 −m −1 0

OP n P −l P PP 0 Q

0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0

1 = [cos x − 5 4 cos 5 x ] . Ans.(2) 2

83.

y = ax n+1 + bx –n

⇒ dy d2y = a(n + 1) x n + b ( −n)x −n−1 ⇒ 2 = an (n + 1) x n−1 − bn ( −n − 1)x −n− 2 dx dx d 2y = an(n + 1) x n+1 + b n(n + 1)x −n dx 2

LM l + m + n 0 =M MM nl + lm − mn MN−ml + mn − ln

2

0 1 0

nl + lm − mn n 2 + l2 + m 2

−lm + mn − ln 0

0 − mn + ln+ lm

**OP L1 PP = MM0 −nm + nl + ml M0 P M n + l + m P M0 Q N
**

2 2 2

OP P 0P P 1P Q

⇒ x2

= n(n + 1) (ax n+1 + bx –n ) = n(n + 1) y. Ans.(2)

**i.e. l 2 + m 2 + n 2 = 1 and nl + lm – mn = 0, which is clearly satisfied by the given values of l, m, n. Ans.(1)
**

IC : PTpnrhm01 (33) of (48)

84.

We have f(x) g(x) = 1. Differentiating with respect to x, we get f’g + fg’ = 0 ... (i) Differentiating (i) w.r.t. x, we get f”g + 2f’g’ + fg” = 0 ... (iii) Differentiating (ii) w.r.t. x, we get f”’ g + g”’ f + 3f”g’ + 3g”f’ = 0 = lim

x →2

90.

x →2

lim

xf (2) − 2 f ( x ) xf(2) − 2 f (2 ) + 2 f (2 ) − 2 f ( x ) = lim x →2 x−2 x−2 (x − 2 ) f( 2) f(x) − f (2) − 2 lim = f(2) – 2 f'(2) x →2 x−2 x−2

⇒

f"' g"' 3 f" 3g" ( f ' g) + ( fg') + ( fg') + ( gf ') = 0 f' g' f' g

91.

= 4 – 2 x 4 = – 4. Ans.(3) Since f ( x ) =

1 (18 − x 2 ) = (18 − x 2 ) −1/ 2 .

F f "' 3g" IJ ( f ' g) = −FG g"' + 3 f" IJ( fg') ⇒G + H f' g K H g' f K

⇒−

FG f"' + 3g" IJ (fg') = −FG g"' + 3f" IJ fg' H f' g K H g' g K FG H

∴ f '( x) =

[using (i)]

1 x , f ' (3 ) = 9 (18 − x 2 ) 3 /2

⇒

f "' 3g" g"' 3 f" f"' g"' f " g" . Ans.(2) + = + ⇒ − =3 − f' g g' f f ' g' f g

IJ K

∴ lim

x →3

**f ( x ) − f (3 ) f '( x) − 0 = lim (By L' Hospital rule) x → 3 1− 0 ( x − 3)
**

1 . Ans.(4) 9

2

= f'(3) =

85.

Let y = f(e x ) Then

2

dy = f '( e x ) ⋅ e x dx

x = e . f” (e x ) . e x + f’ (e x ) . e x

92.

n→ ∞

lim

F 1+ 4 + 9 +.....+n I = lim n(n + 1) (2n + 1) GH n + 1 JK 6 (n + 1)

3 n→ ∞ 3

∴

d y dx

2

**= e 2x . f” (e x ) + f’(e x ) . e x . Ans.(4) 86. By definition the given limit
**

= 1 d 1 ( f ( x )) 2 = . 2 f ( x ) . f '( x ) = f(x) f’(x). Ans.(2) 2 dx 2

= lim

n→ ∞

**FG1+ 1 IJ FG 2 + 1 IJ H n K H n K = 1× 2 = 1 . Ans.(3) F 1 I 6×1 3 6 G 1+ J H nK
**

3

87.

Given f

**FG x + y IJ = f (x ) + f (y) . Replacing x by 3x and y by zero, then H 3K 3
**

....(1)

93.

z

=

sin −1(cos x ) dx = sin −1 sin

z

f ( 3 x ) + f (0 ) ⇒ f ( 3 x ) − 3 f ( x ) = − f (0 ) f (x ) = 3

and

F 3 x + 3h IJ − f(x) fG H 3 K f ( x + h) − f ( x ) = lim f '( x ) = lim

h→ 0

94.

h

h→ 0

h

95.

z z

=

=

z FGH

x2 π π π − x dx = + c . Ans.(2) 1.dx − x .dx = x − 2 2 2 2

IJ K

sin 4x 2 sin 2x cos 2x dx = 2 sin 2x dx = – cos 2x + c. Ans.(1) dx = cos 2x cos 2x 1 3x + 4 − 3x + 1 dx

z

z z

R FG π − xIJ U dx | S H 2 K| V | | T W

z

= lim

h→ 0

f (3 x ) + f ( 3h) − f (x) f(3h) − f ( 0) 3 [from (1)] = f'(0) = 3 = lim h→ 0 h 3h

ze

zc z

1 3

3x + 4 + 3x + 1 3x + 4 + 3x + 1

je

3x + 4 − 3 x + 1

j

dx

∴ f(x) = 3x + c, Q f(0) = 0 + c = 3, ∴ c = 3, then f(x) = 3x + 3 Hence f(x) is continuous and differentiable every where. Ans.(3) 88. We have f(x) = min {1, cos x, 1 – sin x}

3x + 4 + 3x + 1 1 dx = 3 3x + 4 − 3 x + 1

hc

h

ze

3/2

3 x + 4 + 3 x + 1 dx

j

∴ f(x) can be rewritten as

R cos x, | f (x) = S |1− sin x, | T

−

π ≤x≤0 2 π 0<x≤ 2

=

3 x + 4 dx +

1 3

z

3 x + 1 dx

Now, Rf ' (0) = lim

h→0

f (0 + h) − f ( 0) 1− sin h − 1 = lim = −1 h→ 0 h h

1 = 3

R 3x + 4 |c h S 3 | 3× 2 | T

3/2

U R 3x + 1 |+ 1 |c h V 3S 3 | | 3× 2 | | W T

U |+c V | | W

and Lf ' ( 0) = lim

f ( 0 − h) − f ( 0) cos h − 1 = lim =0 . h→ 0 h→ 0 h h

= (2/27) {(3x + 4) 3/2 + (3x + 1) 3/2 }+ c. Ans.(3) 96.

**Hence Rf'(0) ≠ Lf'(0), i.e. f(x) is not differentiable at x = 0. Ans.(1)
**

sin x − x + x5 3x2 x3 cos x − 1+ 6 = lim 6 x→0 5x4

z

2 + 3 cos x 2 3 cos x + dx = dx sin 2 x sin2 x sin2 x

= (2 cos ec 2 x + 3 cot x cos ec x ) dx = 2 cos ec 2 x dx + 3 cos ec x . cot x dx = –2 cot x – 3 cosec x + c. Ans.(1)

89.

Applying L-Hospital rule, lim

z

z

x →0

**6x − sin x + 6 = lim − cos x + 1 = lim x→0 x→0 20 x 3 60 x 2 = lim sin x
**

x→0 120 x

z

z

= lim

x→0

**1 cos x = . Ans.(1) 120 120
**

IC : PTpnrhm01

(34) of (48)

97.

z

0

∞

x log x (1+ x 2 )2

dx =

z

0

1

x log x (1+ x 2 ) 2

∞

dx +

z

x log x (1+ x 2 )

dx

.... (i)

1

104. Two women can be arranged in the four chairs in 4P 2 ways. Then, three men can be arranged in the remaining six chairs in 6P 3 ways. Hence, the number of ways in which two men and three men can be arranged is 4 P2 × 6P3 . Ans.(3) 105. Ans.(3) 106. n(E) = 7C 1 = 7 n(S) =

P ( E) = dx put it in (i)

12 C 1

(Q function changes its nature on x = 1) Consider I =

z

∞

x log x

2 2

1 (1+ x )

dx, put x =

1 1 ⇒ dx = − 2 dy y y

= 12

∴ I= −

ze

0 1 ∞

y log (1/ y) 1+ y

2

j

2

dy = −

ze

1 0 2 2

y log y

2

1+ y

j

2

dy = −

ze

1 0 2

7 . Ans.(2) 12

10 C 25 C 1 1

x log x

2

1+ x

j

107. n(E) = n(S) =

+

15 C

2

1

= 10 + 15 = 25

= 25

⇒

z

0

∞

x log x (1+ x )

2 2

dx =

z

0

1

x log x (1+ x )

dx −

ze

1 0

x log x

2

∴ P(E) =

dx = 0 . Ans.(1)

n(E) 25 = = 1. Ans.(1) n (S) 25

= 12

1+ x

j

108. n(E) = 5C 1 = 5 n(S) =

12 C 1

98.

Let I = log x +

0

z

FG H

**1 dx ⋅ . Let x = tan θ x 1+ x 2 sec θ dθ (1+ tan 2 θ)
**

π/2 2

IJ K

⇒ dx = sec 2θ dθ

∴ P (E) =

n(E) 5 = . Ans.(2) n (S) 12

π/2

∴ I =

z

0

109. We have,

log (tan θ + cot θ)

1 + (1 + a) b + (1 + a + a 2) b 2 + (1 + a + a 2 + a 3) b 3 + ... to ∞

π/2

=

z

0

**log (tan θ + cot θ) dθ =
**

π/2

z

0

log

π/2

**(sin θ + cos θ) dθ sin θ cos θ
**

π/2

2

2

∑(1+ a + a 2 +...+ an−1)

n =1 ∞

∞

b n−1 =

∑ G 1− a J b n−1 H K

n=1 ∞

∞

F 1− a I

n

=−

z

0

log (sin θ cos θ) dθ = −

z

0

log sin θ dθ −

z

0

log cos θ dθ

n=1

∑ 1− a − ∑

bn−1

1 a n bn −1 = 1− a 1− a n =1

∞

∑ bn−1 − 1− a ∑ (ab ) n=1

n=1

a

∞

n−1

= − [ − π / 2 log 2 ] − [ − π / 2 log 2 ] = π log 2. Ans.(1)

=

a 1 [(1+ b + b 2 + ... ∞)] − [(1+ ab + (ab )2 +... ∞)] 1− a 1− a

99.

**Let x = sin θ ⇒ dx = cos θ dθ
**

π /2

∴I=

z

0

l n sin θ ⋅ cos θ dθ = cos θ

π /2

z

0

l n sin θ dθ = −

π l n 2. Ans.(2) 2

=

1 1 a 1 . − = . Ans.(3) 1− a 1− b (1− a)(1− ab ) (1− ab)(1− b )

**110. The required sum to n terms is
**

1 1+ 3 + 1 3+ 5 + 1 5+ 7 + .....+ 1 2n − 1 + 2n + 1

**100. Let x = 2 a sin θ, so dx = ∴ I=
**

π/4

2 a cos θ dθ

=

z

0

z

a 0 4

x

2

5 2 3

π /4

(2 a − x )

dx =

z

0

tan5 θ dθ

π/4 0

1 [( 3 − 1) + ( 5 − 3 ) + 2

π/4 0

e

7 − 5 + ( 2n + 1 − 2n − 1) ]

j

tan 3 θ (sec 2 θ − 1) dθ =

z

tan 3 θ sec 2 θ dθ − tan θ (sec 2 θ − 1) dθ

z

=

1 ( 2n + 1 − 1) . Ans.(4) 2

**111. We have, Length of a side of S n = Length of a diagonal of S n+1 ⇒ Length of a side of S n = 2 (Length of a side of S n+1 ⇒
**

Length of a side of S n+1 1 = for all n ≥ 1. Length of side of Sn 2 1 2

=

tan θ 4

π/4

−

0

tan θ 2

2

π /4 π + log |sec θ||0 /4 = 0

1 1 log 2 1 − + log 2 = − . Ans.(1) 4 2 2 4

101. The number of five-digit telephone numbers which can be formed using the digits 0, 1, 2, ..., 9 is 10 5. The number of five-digit telephone numbers which have one of their digits repeated is 10 P5 = 30240. Thus, the required number of telephone numbers is 10 5 – 30240 = 69760. Ans.(4) 102. First and second prizes in Mathematics (Physics) can be awarded in 30 P 2 ( 30 P2 ) ways. First prize in Chemistry (Biology) can be awarded in 30 (30) ways. Therefore, N = ( 30 P 2 ) 2 (30 2 ) = 30 4 29 2 = 2 4 . 3 4 . 5 4 . 29 2. Since 400 = 2 4 . 5 2, 600 = 2 3, 3.5 2 and 8100 = 2 2. 3 4 . 5 2 we get N is divisible by each of 400, 600 and 8100. Also, N is divisible by four distinct primes, viz. 2, 3, 5 and 29. Ans.(4) 103. The total number of 5 digit numbers that can be formed using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 is 5! =120. If 5 occurs at the units place, then the remaining digits can be arranged in 4P 4 = 4! = 24 ways. Similarly, 4 can occur at the units place in 4P 4 = 24 ways, and so on. Thus, the sum due to the units place of all the 120 numbers is 24(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5) units = 24 × 15 units = 360 units. Next, 5 can occur at the tens place in 24 ways. The same is true of the remaining digits. Thus, the sum due to the tens place of all the 120 numbers is remaining digits. Thus, the sum due to the tens place of all the 120 numbers is 24(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5) tens = 24 × 15 tens = 360 tens Sums for the remaining places are obtained similarly. Hence, the sum of all the 120 numbers is given by 360 (1+ 10 + 100 + 1000 + 10000) = 360 × 11111 = 3999960. Ans.(4)

IC : PTpnrhm01

⇒ Sides of S 1..S2...,S n form a G.P. with common ratio

and first term 10.

∴Sn

F 1I = 10 G H 2 JK

n−1

=

10

n−1 2 2

⇒ Area of S n = (side) 2

F I G 10 JJ = G − GH 2 n 2 1 JK

2

=

100 2n −1

Now, area of S n < 1 ⇒

100 2n−1

< 1⇒ 2 n−1 > 100 ⇒ n − 1≥ 7 ⇒ n ≥ 8 . Ans.(2)

(35) of (48)

112. We have, 1 + | cos x | + cos 2 x + | cos 3x | + ... = ∴ exp {α.log e 4} = exp {log e 4 α } = 4 α Now, y 2 – 20y + 64 = 0 ⇒ (y – 4) (y – 16) = 0 ⇒y = 4 or y = 16

1 = α (say) 1−|cos x|

2x 1 + 12 – 1 = 0 ⇒ x 1 = –

11 2 5 . 3

and –4 + 3y 1 – 1 = 0 ⇒ y 1 =

Since the given expression satisfies the given equation. Therefore, 4 α = 4 or 4 α = 16

(Thus, x 1, y 1 ) satisfies 2x + 6y + 1 = 0 . Ans.(2) 118. Since the origin remains same. So, lengths of the perpendicular from the origin on the line in its positions

x y + =1 a b

⇒ α = 1 or α = 2 ⇒

1 1 = 1 or =2 1− |cos x | 1− |cos x |

**⇒ | cos x | = 0 or | cos x | = 1/2 ⇒ x = π/2 or x = π/3, 2π/3. Ans.(4) 113. AB ⊥ AD and CD ⊥ CB & mid point of AC = mid point of BD
**

(γ, δ) D (γ, δ) C

and

**x y + = 1 are equal. Therefore, p q
**

1 = 1 1 p

2

1 a

2

+

1 b

2

+

1 q

2

⇒

1 a

2

+

1 b

2

=

1 p

2

+

1 q

2

. Ans.(2)

A (α, β)

B (γ, β)

**Hence ABCD is a square. Ans.(2) 114. From triangle OQ 1Q 2 , by applying cosine formula
**

2 2 Q 1Q 2 = OQ1 + OQ 2 − 2OQ1.OQ 2 cos Q1OQ 2 2

119. Since the point A (2, 1) is translated parallel to x – y = 3. Therefore AA’ has the same slope as that of x – y = 3. Therefore, AA’ passes through (2, 1) and has the slope = 1. Here tan θ = 1 y 1) 1 1 2, ,sin θ = ⇒ cos θ = A( 2 2 x' x 3 A' y= x– Thus, the equation of AA’ is

x−2 y−1 = cos π / 4 sin π / 4 y'

or (x 1 – x 2 + (y 1 – y 2 = x 1 + y 1 + x 2 + y 2 – 2OQ 1.OQ 2 cos θ or x 1x 2 + y 1y 2 = OQ 1.OQ 2 cos Q 1OQ 2. Ans.(3) 115. Let the origin be transferred to the point (h, k) then replacing x, y by x + h, y + k respectively in the given equation we get (x + h) 2 + (x + h) (y + k) + 2 ( y + k) 2 – 7 (x + h) – 5 (y + k) + 12 = 0 ⇒ If first degree terms are to be removed, then the coefficient of X and Y should Vanish. i.e. 2h + k – 7 = 0 and h + 4 k – 5 = 0.

23 3 Solving these we get h = and k = 7 7

)2

)2

2

2

2

2

**Since AA’ = 4 and A’ lies in third quadrant therefore the coordinates A’ are given by
**

x −2 y−1 = = −4 cos π / 4 sin π / 4 π π , y = 1 – 4 sin 4 4

⇒ x = 2 – 4 cos

⇒ x = 2 − 2 2 ,y = 1− 2 2 Hence the coordinates of A’ are (2–2 2 , 1 – 2 2 ) . Ans.(3) 120. Let OA = a, OB = b. Since tangents at A and B meet at right angles in P (h, k), OPAB is a rectangle ⇒ OP 2 = OB 2 + BP 2 = h 2 + k 2 = a 2 + b 2 . Hence locus of p is x 2 + y 2 = a 2 + b 2 which is concentric circle with given circles. Ans.(3) 121. The equation of tangent to x 2 + y 2 = 25 at (3, 4), is 3x + 4y – 25 = 0 which meets with the axes at A(25/3, 0) and B(0, 25/4). Therefore the required area =1/2(OA)(OB) = 1/2(25/3) (25/4) = 625/24 sq. units Ans.(3) 122. If a circle bisects the circumference of another circle, then their radical axis must pass through the centre of the second circle. Equation of radical axis is 2 (g – g 1) x + 2 (f – f 1) y + c – c 1 = 0. If it is passes through centre ( –g 1, –f1 ) of second circle then; 2g 1(g – g 1) + 2f 1 (f – f 1) = c – c 1 . Ans.(4) 123. Let the three circle be x 2 + y 2 = a 2 , x 2 + y 2 = b 2, x 2 + y 2 = c 2 such that a 2, b 2, c 2 are in AP. Let P(x 1, y 1 )be any point from which the length of the tangents to these circles be PA, PB, PC respectively. Then PA 2 = x 12 + y 12 – a 2, PB 2 = x 12 + y 12 – b 2, PC 2 = x 12 + y 12 – c 2. Since a 2, b 2, c 2 are in AP, therefore –a 2, –b 2,–c 2 are in AP ⇒ x 1 2 + y 12 – a 1 2, x 12 + y 12 – b 12, x 12 + y 12 – c 2 are also in AP ⇒ PA 2, PB 2, PC 2 are in AP. Ans.(2) 124. The given equation is x 3 + x 2 + x + 1 = 0 or (x 2 + 1) (x + 1) = 0 or x = ± i, x = –1. Ans.(2) 125. Ans.(4) 126. The given equation can be written as |x 2 – x + 1| ..... (1) = |x 2 – 2x + 3| or |(x – 1/2) 2 + 3/4| = |(x – 1) 2 + 2|. ∴ x 2 – x + 1 = x 2 – 2x + 3 or x = 2. Ans.(2) 127. The required equation is (x – 2) (x – 3) (x – 4) = 0 i.e. x 3 – 9x 2 + 26x – 24 = 0. Ans.(3)

The required point is

FG 23 , 3 IJ . Ans.(1) H 7 7K

b bs bs

2

**116. We have, x 1 , = ar, x 2 = ar 2 , y 1 = bs, y 2= bs 2 The area of the triangle is given by
**

a 1 x1 2 x2 b y1 y2 1 1= 1 a 1 ar 2 2 ar 1 1= 1 1 1 ab r 2 2 r 1 s s

2

1 1 1

∆=

=

1 1 1 1 ab r − 1 s − 1 0 Applying R 2 – R 1, R 3 – R 1 2 2 2 r −1 s −1 0

1 1 1 1 1 0

1 = ab ( r– 1) (s–1) 2

r +1 s +1 0

1 = ab (r –1) (s–1) (s – r). Ans.(3) 2

**117. The equation of the line joining the points (2, –1) and (5, –3) is given by y+1=
**

−1+ 3 (x – 2) i.e. 2x + 3y – 1 = 0 2−5

Since (x 1, 4) and (–2, y 1) line on 2x + 3y –1 = 0, therefore

(36) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

128. We have 2x 2 + 3|x| + 1 = 2 |x| 2 + 3|x| + 1 > 0. Thus, the equation 2x 2 + 3|x| + 1 = 0 has no real roots. Ans.(4) 129. For f(θ) = a cos θ + b sin θ, the maximum value is

a 2 + b 2 . Hence a = 5 and b = 12. ∴ 5 2 + 12 2 = 13 . Ans.(3)

(n + 1)! (n + 2)! n! 136. D = (n + 1)! (n + 2)! (n + 3)! . Taking common factors out from 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd (n + 2 )! (n + 3)! (n + 4)!

rows, we have

1 (n + 1) (n + 2 )(n + 1)

**130. First angle = 60° Second angle = 60 g , = 60 ×
**

90 degrees = 72° 100 D = [n!(n + 1)!(n + 2 )!] 1 (n + 2) (n + 3 )(n + 2) 1 (n + 3) (n + 4 )(n + 3)

5π 5 × 180 Third angle = radian = = 150° . 6 6

Operating R 2 → R 2 – R 1 , R 3 → R 3 – R 1

∴ Fourth angle = 360° – (60° + 72° + 150°) = 78°. Ans.(1) 131. Let t 1, t 2 , t 3 denote the three expressions on the left. t 1 = 3 {(sin x – cos x) 2} 2 = 3 {sin 2 x + cos 2 x – 2 sin x cos x} 2 = 3 (1 – 2 sin x cos x) 2 = 3 (1 + 4 sin 2 x cos 2 x – 4 sin x cos x) t 2 = 4(sin 6 x + cos 6 x) = 4 (sin 2 x + cos 2 x) (sin 4 x + cos 4 x – sin 2 x cos 2 x) = 4{(sin 2 x + cos 2 x) 2 – 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x – sin 2 x cos 2x} = 4{1 – 3 sin 2 x cos 2 x} t 3 = 6 {sin 2 x + cos 2 x + 2 sin x cos x} = 6 (1 + 2 sin x cos x) ∴ t 1 + t 2 + t 3 = 3 + 4 + 6 = 13. Ans.(3) 132. L.H.S = sin 6 θ + cos 6 θ + 3 sin 2 θ cos 2 θ (sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ) = (sin 2 θ) 3 + (cos 2 θ) 3 + 3 sin 2 θ cos 2 θ (sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ) = (sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ) 3 = 1. Ans.(2) 133. y =

∴

1 n +1 (n + 1)(n + 2) D = [n ! (n+ 1)! (n + 2)! ] 0 1 2(n + 2 ) 0 2 4n + 10

∴ D (n!)3 − 4 = 2(n3 + 5n + 4n 2 + 2) − 4 = 2(n3 + 4n2 + 5n)

**which is divisible by n. Ans.(1) 137. L.H.S. = (1 + 2x 2 + x 4)(1 + C 1x + C 2 x 2 + C 3x 3 +... ) R.H.S. = a 0 + a 1x + a 2x 2 + a 3x 3 + ... . Comparing the coefficient. of x, x 2, x 3 a1 = C 1, a 2 = C 2 + 2, a 3 = C 3 + 2 C 1 ...(1) But 2a 2 = a 1 + a 3 [ Q a1, a 2 , a 3 are in A.P.] ∴ 2 ( nC2 + 2) = nC 1 + ( nC 3 + 2. n C 1)
**

⇒ 2n(n − 1) n(n − 1)(n − 2) +4 =n+ + 2n 2 12.3 .

2x 4

–

x2

dy dy 3 = 8 x − 2 x for max.or min. =0 dx dx

⇒ n 3 – 9n 2 + 26n – 24 = 0 ⇒ (n – 2) (n – 3) (n – 4) = 0 ⇒ n = 2, 3, 4. Ans.(4) 138. Accordingly

1 1 x = − , 0, 2 2

dy 1 = ⇒ 2ydy = dx . dx 2y

then

F d yI GH dx JK

2 2 2 x =1/2

x =− 1/ 2

F d yI > 0, G H dx JK

2 2

Integrating, we get y 2 = x + C.

< 0,

x=0

This passes through (4, 3), therefore 9=4+C⇒C=5 Hence the equation of the curve is y 2 = x + 5. Ans.(3) 139. Centre (0 , 0), radius = 3a × 2/3 = 2a. Hence circle x 2 + y 2 = 4a 2 as centroid divides median in ratio of 2 : 1. Ans.(4)

π /4

F d yI GH dx JK

2

>0

1/2

∴ Required area =

−1/ 2

z

140. a n =

4 2

( 2 x − x ) dx =

π /4 0

=

**7 sq. units. Ans.(1) 120
**

nc 4

π/4

134. T 5 =

a n–4 (

–b) 4 .

T6 =

nc

5

a n–5 (

–b) 5.

⇒

T 5 + T 6 = 0 ⇒ nc 4 a n–4 b 4 – nc 5a n–5 b5 = 0

⇒ a n c 5 n − 4 . Thus, a n − 4 . Ans.(2) = = = 5 b 5 b n c4

z z

0

z

0

tann x dx ⇒ a 2 + a 4 =

π/4 0

z

(tan2 x + tan4 x ) dx

tan2 x(1+ tan2 x ) dx

tan 2 x sec 2 x dx =

π/4 0

a 3 + a 5 = (tan3 x + tan 5 x ) dx

π /4

135.

LM2 MM0 N1

0 7 1 0 −2 1

LM5x =M0 MN 0

**OP LM− x PP MM 0 QNx
**

0 1

14 x 7 x 1 0 −4 x −2 x

10 x − 2

OP LM1 0 P = M0 5 x P M0 Q N

0

OP PP Q

=

z

0

z

LM tan x OP NM 3 QP

3 π/4 0

π /4

=

0

1 3

tan3 x (1+ tan2 x ) dx =

4 π/4

z

tan 3 x sec 2 x dx

0 0 1 0

OP 0 P (given) 1P Q

1 . Ans.(4) 5

=

LM tan x OP NM 4 QP

=

0

1 1 . Similarly a 4 + a 6 = 5 4

∴ a 2 + a 4, a 3 + a 5, a 4 + a 6 are in H.P. Ans.(3)

∴ 5x = 1, 10x – 2 = 0 ∴ x =

IC : PTpnrhm01

(37) of (48)

**141. Put tan x = t,
**

I = (1+ t 2 )

z

(1+ t 2 )2 t4

dt 1+ t2

=

z

1+ t4 + 2 t 2 t4

dt =

z z z

dt t4 + dt +

2 t2

dt

146.

z 2 + z1 =

=−

1 (tanx) –3 x + tan x – 2 (tan x) – 1 + C 3

π 2 = 1 + i = −1 . Ans.(2) 3 π −1− i cos π + cos 2 cos 0 + cos

1 = − cot 3 x + tan x – 2 cot x + c 3

147.

z1 − z 3 1 − i 3 = z 2 − z3 2

= cos −

FG π IJ + i sin FG − π IJ = e H 3K H 3K

−i

π 3

z3

Therefore, K = – 1/3, L = 1, M = – 2. Ans.(3)

π/3

**142. Let equation of line be y = mx or y – mx = 0 Then applying condition for tangent on this line w.r.t. circle.
**

−5 − 4m 1+ m

2

∴

− z1 − z 3 = e 3 =1 z2 − z3

iπ

= 5 ⇒ 25 + 16m 2 + 40m = 25 + 25m 2

and angle between z 1 – z 3 and z 2 – z 3 is ∴ triangle is equilateral. Ans.(3) 148. u = tan –1

π . 3

z1

z2

**⇒ 9m 2 – 40m = 0 ⇒ m = 0 or m = 40/9. Ans.(2) 143. Direction ratios of line joining (2, 1, – 3) and (–3, 1, 7) are (– 5, 0, 10) and D.R’s of line
**

x −1 y z +3 are (3, 4, 5). = = 3 4 5

F x + y I , z = tan u = x + y GH x − y JK x−y

3 3 3

3

⇒x

∂z ∂z + y = 2 z. ∂x ∂y ∂u ∂u + y.sec 2 u = 2.tan u ∂x ∂y

**Angle between lines is given by
**

cos θ = a1 a 2 + b 1 b 2 + c 1c 2

2 2 a1 + b 2 + c 1 1

⇒ x.sec 2 u

a2 + b2 + c2 2 2 2

∴ cos θ =

−15 + 0 + 50 25 + 0 + 100 35 9 + 16 + 25

⇒ x.

**∂u ∂u + y = 2.sinu.cos u = sin 2u . Ans.(3) ∂x ∂y
**

β

**149. d = H cot α d=(H–h) cot (α – β) ⇒ H cot α = (H–h) cot (α – β)
**

α–β

cos θ =

25 10

or θ = cos −1

F 7 I . Ans.(1) GH 5 10 JK

H–h

H

144.

**FG1 + cos π IJ FG 1 + cos 3π IJ FG1 + cos 5 π IJ FG1 + cos 7 π IJ H 8 K 8 KH 8 KH 8K H
**

= 2 cos 2 3π 5π 7π π . 2 cos 2 . 2 cos 2 . 2 cos 2 16 16 16 16 π 3π 5π 7π cos cos cos 16 16 16 16

2

or H =

d 150. For the arc OPA, θ varies from 0 to 2π. Also the base is x-axis.

hcot( α − β ) Ans.(2) cot(α − β ) − cot α

h

α

d

**∴ the required volume =
**

Y

z

2π

θ =0

πy 2 dx

= 16 cos

FG H

IJ K

2

2a O =π x = a (θ – sin θ), y = a ( θ – cos θ)

= 2 cos

FG H LM N

7π π cos 16 16

**IJ FG 2 cos 5π cos 3π IJ K H 16 16 K
**

2 2

2

= cos

π 3π + cos 2 8

**OP LMcos π + cos π OP Q N 2 8Q OP Q
**

2

z

2π

0

a 2 1− cos θ × a (1− cos θ) dθ as x = a (θ − sin θ), y = a (1− cos θ)

c

h

2

= 2 πa 3

z

π

0

(1− cos θ)3 dθ = 2 πa 3

π/ 2

=

3π π 1 2 cos × cos 8 8 4

LM N

= 32 π a 3

z

0

sin6

**IJ dθ K 1 L 311O φ d φ [ where θ = φ ] = 32 πa M(5 / 6) ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ π P = 5π a 2 N 422 Q
**

π 0

z FGH

2 sin 2

1 θ 2

3

3

2 3

.

Ans.(3) 151.

=

π 1 cos 4 4

LM N

OP Q

2

=

1 . Ans.(3) 8

LM x OP + LM x OP + LM x OP = 11x = x + x + x N 10 Q N 20 Q N 30 Q 60 10 20 30

⇒

x x x , , are all integers. 10 20 30

145. T 1 = 1 2 , T 3 = 3 2 , T 5 = 5 2 Hence when n is odd, the last term will be n 2 and the sum of first (n – 1) i.e. even number of terms is obtained by replacing n by n – 1 in the given formula. Hence the sum when n is even will be

**∴ x = multiple of L.C.M. of 10, 20, 30 but 0 < x < 1000 ∴ x = 1 × 60, 2 × 60, 3 × 60, .... 16 × 60 ∴ No. of possible values of x = 16. Ans.(2)
**

IC : PTpnrhm01

(n − 1)n2 (n + 1) n2 . Ans.(1) + n2 = 2 2

(38) of (48)

152. Let (h, k) be the co-ordinates of the centre of circle C 2. Then its equation is (x – h) 2 + (y – k) 2 = 5 2 = 25. The equation of C 1 is x 2 + y 2 = 4 2 and ∴ the equation of the common chord of C 1 and C 2 is 2hx + 2ky = h 2 + k 2 – 9 ....(1)

n n(n − 1) / 12 . n(n − 1)(n − 2) / 3.2.1 1 = +2 +3 +..........+n. 1 n n(n − 1) / 12 . n

= n + (n – 1) + (n – 2) + ..... + 1 = 156. For non-trivial solution

1 4a a

**Let p be the length of the ⊥ from the centre (0, 0) of C 1 to (1). Then p =
**

h +k −9 4h2 + 4k 2

2 2

∑n =

n(n + 1) . Ans.(3) 2

. The length of the common chord is 2 h2 − p 2 which ....(2)

1

4a

a

**will be of maximum length if p = 0 ⇒ h 2 + k 2 – 9 = 0 Since slope of (1) = 3/4 (given) ∴
**

h 3 4h − = ∴k=− . k 4 3

1 3 b b = 0 ⇒ 0 3b − 4a b − a = 0 0 2c − 4a c − a 1 2c c

⇒

**3bc – 3ab – 4ac + 4a 2 – 2bc + 2ca + 4ab – 4a 2 = 0
**

⇒ 2 1 1 = + b a c

⇒ bc + ab – 2ac = 0

**Putting the value of k in (2), we get
**

h=± 9 12 ∴ k=m . Hence the centre of circle C 2 are 5 5

∴ a, b, c, are in H.P. Ans.(3)

FG − 9 , 12 IJ . Ans.(1) H 5 5K

153. We have AD = a + a cos2 θ, BC = 2 BD = 2a sin2 θ

1 ∴ area of ∆ ABC, ∆ = (BC) ( AD) 2

FG 9 , − 12 IJ H5 5 K

and 157.

∆=

10 11 12

C4 C6 C8

10 11 12

C5 C7 C9

11 12 13

Cm Cm+2 = 0 Cm+4

Applying C 2 → C 2 + C 1, we get

10

∆= A 2θ a O =

11 12

C4 C6 C8

10 11 12

C4 + 10 C5 C6 + 11 C7 C8 + 12 C9

11 12 13

11 12 13

Cm Cm+2 = 0 Cm+4

**= 1/2 (2a sin2 θ) a (1 + cos2 θ) = a 2(sin2θ
**

2

10

+ sin2θ cos2θ)

11 12

C4 C6 C8

11 12 13

C5 C7 C9

Cm Cm+2 = 0

**a2 = a sin 2θ + sin 4θ . 2
**

∴ d∆ = 2 a 2 cos2 θ + 2a 2 cos4 θ. dθ d∆ =0 dθ

Cm+4

B

D

C

Clearly m = 5 satisfies the above result. ( Q C 2 , C 3 will be identical)]. Ans.(3) 158. |z| – 2 = |z – i| – |z + 5i| = 0 |z| – 2 = 0 ⇒ |z| = 2 ⇒ x2 + y2 = 4 Again |z – i| = |z + 5i| ⇒ |x + iy – i| = |x + iy + 5i| ⇒ x 2 + (y – 1) 2 = x 2 + (y + 5) 2 ⇒ x 2 + y 2 – 2y + 1 = x 2 + y 2 + 10y + 25 ⇒ 12y = – 24 ⇒ y = – 2 (1) and (2) meet if 159. Since |z – 1| = 1 ∴ z – 1 = cos θ + i sin θ i.e. z = 1 + cos θ + i sin θ = 2 cos 2

θ θ θ + 2i sin cos 2 2 2

For Max. or min. of ∆ ,

...(1)

⇒ cos2 θ + cos4 θ = 0 ⇒ 2θ = π – 4θ ⇒ 6θ = π ⇒ θ = π/6,

d2∆ dθ

2

= −4a 2 sin2 θ – 8a 2 sin4 θ < 0,

...(2)

x2

+ 4 = 4 i.e., x = 0

⇒ The area of the triangle is maximum for θ = π/6. Ans.(1) 1 54. Coefficient of p th , (p + 1) th and (p + 2) th terms in expansion (1 + x) n are nC n n p – 1, Cp, Cp + 1. Then 2nCp = nCp – 1 + nCp + 1 ⇒ n2 – n(4p + 1) + 4p 2 – 2 = 0. Trick: Let p = 1, hence nC 0, nC 1 and nC 2 are in A.P. ⇒ 2. nC 1 = nC 0 + nC 2 ⇒ 2n = 1+

n(n − 1) ⇒ 4n = 2+ n 2 – n 2

1 1

∴ required locus is a single point (0, – 2). Ans.(3)

= 2 cos

**⇒ n 2 – 5n + 2 = 0. Ans.(2) 155. Trick : Put n = 1, 2, 3 ...., then S1 =
**

S2 =

2 2

θ θ θ cos + i sin 2 2 2

FG H

IJ K

C1 = 1, C0

⇒ arg z =

θ θ ∴ i tan (arg z) = i tan 2 2

C1 C0

+2

2 2

C2 C1

=

2 1 + 2. = 2 + 1 = 3. 2 1

**Also z – 2 = – 1 + cos θ + i sin θ
**

= − 2 sin 2 n(n + 1) , 2 θ θ θ θ θ θ + 2 i sin cos = 2i sin cos + i sin 2 2 2 2 2 2

By option, (put n = 1, 2 ...) (1) and (2) does not hold condition, but (3) put = 1, 2 .... , S 1 = 1, S 2 = 3 which is correct. Aliter: C1 + 2. C2 + 3. C3 +...........+n. Cn C0 C1 C2 Cn −1

FG H

IJ K

∴

**θ z−2 = i tan = i tan (arg z) . z 2 z−2 = i tan (arg z ) . Ans.(2) z
**

(39) of (48)

Thus,

IC : PTpnrhm01

160. α + β = 2a, αβ = b 2 γ + δ = 2b, γδ = Clearly a2

**165. Let O be the foot of the tower OA = 3a, AB = 4a, ∴ OB = 5a
**

P h P α α a a 2α B C α 3α α H Q A 4a B h 3a h 5a 3a 90° 90° β 5a O

α +β =a = γδ 2

**∴ A.M. of α, β = G.M. of γ, δ. Ans.(1) 161. Q ∠APB = ∠BAP = α ∴ AB = BP = a In ∆PBQ, sin 2α =
**

H a A

∴ H = a sin 2α. Ans.(3)

**162. Let f(x) = x 5 – 2x 4 + x 3 – x 2 + 2x – 1, then f(1) = 0, f i (1) = 0, f ii (1) = 0 f iii (1) = 18, f iv (1) = 72 and f v (1) = 120. Substituting these values in the Taylor's formula, we get f ( x ) =
**

18 72 120 ( x − 1)3 + ( x − 1) 4 + ( x − 1)5 3! 4! 5!

= 3(x – 1) 3 + 3(x – 1) 4 + (x – 1) 5 Ans.(3) 163. Here u is not a homogeneous function . Therefore write

∴ In ∆AOP tan α =

**x + 2y + 3 z 1+ 2(y / x ) + 3( z / x) . Thus ω is a homogeneous ω = sinu = 8 8 8 = x −7 . x +y +z 1 + ( y / x )8 + ( z / x )8
**

function of degree –7 in x, y, z. Hence by Euler’s Theorem

∴ h = 3a tan α & in OPB tan β = ∴ h = 5a tan β. Ans.(2)

166. |A| = –1, |B| = 3 ⇒ |AB| = –3 ⇒ |3AB| = (3) 3 × (–3) = –81. Ans.(2) 167. We have

x

∂ω ∂ω ∂ω +y +z = ( −7)ω ..... (i). ∂x ∂y ∂z

**∂ω ∂u ∂ω ∂u ∂ω ∂u . But, = cos u , = cos u , = cos u ∂x ∂x ∂y ∂y ∂z ∂z ∂u ∂u ∂u ∴ (i) becomes, x cos u + y cos u + z cos u = −7 sin u or ∂x ∂y ∂z ∂u ∂u ∂u x + y + z = −7 tan u . Ans.(2) ∂x ∂y ∂z
**

164. The given curve is ay 2 = x 2(a – x). ∴ required area of the loop A = 2 x Area OAPO = 2

**cos α − sin α 0 cos α sin α 0 1 0 0 F (α)F( −α) = sin α cos α 0 − sin α cos α 0 = 0 1 0 = 1 . 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
**

∴ F(– α) = [F(α)] –1 . Ans.(1) 168. A is invertible if and only if |A| ≠ 0. Ans.(4) 169. The given equations are –2x + y + z = a, x – 2y + z = b, x + y – 2z = c. Augmented matrix

−2 1 [A : B] = 1 −2

LM MM N

OPLM PPMM QN

OP PP Q

LM MM N

OP PP Q

z

a

0

ydx = 2

z

a

x a−x a

0

dx .

Y P X O A(a,o)

= 1 −2 1

LM0 MM N1

LM MM N1

0

0 a + b + cO OP LM P 1 b P ( by R → R + R PP MM 1 −2 : c Q N 1 1 −2 c P Q a+b+c O 0 PP (by R → 1 (R − R ) . b 1 3 −2 1/ 3(c − b)P Q 1 1 0 0 : a : b = 1 −2

1 1 3 3 2

2

+ R3 )

Here ρ(A : B) = 3 if a + b + c ≠ 0 and ρ(A) = 2. Hence ρ(A : B) ≠ ρ(A). ∴ the given equations are inconsistent if a + b + c ≠ 0. ∴ the given equation have no solution, if (a + b + c) ≠ 0 and will have infinite solution if a + b + c = 0. But this system does not have unique solution in any case. Ans.(1)

**Putting x = a sin 2 θ ⇒ dx = 2a sin θ cos θ dθ. ∴ A=
**

2 a

z

π /2

0

2 a sin2 θ a − a sin 2 θ 2a sin θ cos θ dθ = 4a

z

π /2

0

sin3 θ cos 2 θdθ

170. Applying R 3 – (R 2 + 2R 1) we get

= 4a

2

3 +1 2 +1 . 2 2 2 = 4a 2 × 3 / 2 3+2+2 2 7/2 2 2

A~ 1 2 3 0 0

LM1 MM N0

1 1 −1

OP P 0P Q

4 and

1 1 1 2

≠ 0 ⇒ ρ ( A ) = 2 . Ans.(1)

=

4a 2 × 2 × 1/ 2 1/ 2 2 × 5 / 2 × 3 / 2 1/ 2

=

4 a 2 × 2 × 4 8a 2 . Ans.(2) = 4 × 15 15

171. Let P(t, (1/2)t 2) be a point on the curve x 2 = 2y. The distance of P from the point (0, 5) is a = √[t 2 + (1/2t 2 – 5) 2]. Let u = a 2 = 1/4 t 4 – 4t 2 + 25 ∴ du/dt = t 3–8t and d 2 u/dt 2 = 3t 2 – 8. For max. or mini. of u, du/dt = 0 ⇒ t = 0, 2√2, – 2√2. When t = 0, d 2u/dt 2 = –8 (–ve) ∴ u, hence a, is max. when t = 0, i.e., at point (0,0). When t = ±2√2, d 2u/dt 2 = +16 ∴ u, hence a, is mini. when t = ±2√2. The function u(t) is continuous and there are 3 extrema, one max. and two min. Therefore least value of u is the lesser value of u at the two extremes. But u at ±2√2 are same, hence the points (±2√2, 4) are closest to the point (0, 5). Ans.(3)

(40) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

**172. We know that m = np = 10 × 0.002 = 0.02, e– 0.02 = 1 – .02 +
**

2 ! The number of packets containing two defective blades = 10,000 × m e 2!

2 −m

c0.02 h

2

– ...... = 0.9802 approximately.

=

1 1 1 1 ω 3 1 ω2

LM MM N

ω2 =

OP P ωP Q

1

1 −1 S . Ans.(4) 3

Actual O 30° ν B 20

R. V(

= 10,000 ×

c h

0.02 2!

2

× 0.9802 = 2 approximately. Ans.(2)

180. If ν and V are actual and relative velocities of the rain, then resolving horizontally and vertically, we have V sin 30° = 20 and V cos 30° = ν.

A

Opposite direction

V.)

**173. Required Probability
**

3 45 × 0 .0135 100 100 = = = 0 .355 . Ans.(1) 5 25 4 30 3 45 0 .038 × + × + × 100 100 100 100 100 100

C

Dividing, tan 30° = 20/ν ⇒ ν = 20√3 km/hr. Ans.(3) 181. All forces are shown in figure. Resolving the forces acting on the rod horizontally and vertically, we get T cos α – µR = 0 R + T sin α – W = 0 Taking moment about A, we get T.AB = W.AL or ⇒ T.AB = W.AG sin α T = (W/2) sin α.

µR R Aα α L G 90° W B

174. P(X ≤ 2) = k + 3k + 5k = 9k > 0.3 or k > 1/30 Thus minimum value of k = 1/30. Ans.(3) 175. Let X be the number of coins showing heads, and let q = 1 – p. Note that X ~ B (100, p), then, since P(X = 51)= P(X = 50), we have

100 C 51 (p 51 )

α T

C

...(1) ...(2)

(q 49 ) =

100 C

p 100 ! ⇒ = q 50 ! 50 !

FG H

IJ FG 51!49 ! IJ = 51 ⇒ p = 51 . Ans.(4) K H 100 ! K 50 101

50 (p

50 )

(q 50 )

**Eliminating R between (1) and (2), we get T cos α – µ(W – T sin α) = 0 or (W/2) sin α cos α – µ[W – (W/2) sin 2 α] = 0
**

sin α cos α 2 − sin2 α = tan α 2 sec 2 α − tan2 α

176. Mean number of defective = 2 = np = 20p. ∴ The probability of a defective part is p = 2/20 = 0.1. and the probability of a non–defective part = 0.9. ∴ The probability of at least three defective in a sample of 20. = 1 – (prob. that either none, or one, or two are non–defective parts). = 1 – [ 20 C 0 (0.9) 20 + 20 C 1 (0.1)(0.9) 19 + 20 C 2 (0.1) 2(0.9) 18 ] = 1 – (0.9) 18 × 4.51 = 0.323. Thus the number of samples having at least three defective parts out of 1000 samples = 1000 × 0.323 = 323. Ans.(2) 177. If α, β, γ, δ be the roots of the biquadratic x4 + px 3 + qx 2 + rx + s = 0, then (1 + α 2) (1 + β2 ) (1 + γ 2) (1 + δ2 ) = (1 – q + s) 2 + (p – r) 2 Here p = a, q = 2, r = b and s = 1. ∴ (1 + ⇒ (1 + α 2) α 2) (1 + (1 + β 2) (1 + + γ 2) γ 2) (1 + (1 + δ2 ) δ2 ) = (1 – 2 + = (a – b) 2. 1) 2 + (a – b) 2 β 2)(1 Ans.(3)

or µ =

**(Dividing numerator and denominator by cos 2 α) or µ =
**

tan α 2 + tan2 α

. Ans.(2)

182. Let (h, k) be any point in the set then equation of circle is (x – h) 2 + (y – k) 2 = 4. But (h, k) lie on x 2 + y 2 = 36 then h 2 + k 2 = 36 ∴ 4 ≤ Distance between the centres of two circles ≤ 8 ⇒4≤

**178. We have X P(X) Mean = 1 1/4 2 3/4
**

2

(h2 + k2 ) ≤ 8

16 ≤ h 2 + k 2 ≤ 64. Ans.(4) 183. Circle possible in IV quadrant. Equation of circle is – (Mean) 2 (x – c) 2 + (y + c) 2 = c 2 ... (1) its passes through (3, – 6) ⇒ (3 – c) 2 + (c – 6) 2 = c 2 ⇒ c 2 – 18c + 45 = 0 (c – 15)(c – 3) = 0 ∴ c = 3, 15. From (1) equation of circles are x 2 + y 2 – 6x + 6y + 9 = 0 and x 2 + y 2 – 30x + 30y + 225 = 0 . Ans.(4) 184. If the tangents at A, B intersect at an angle of 120°, then the chord AB will subtend an angle of 60° at the centre O. ∴ ∆ OAB is equilateral ∴ length of the chord AB = radius of the circle = 5. Ans.(2) 185. Radius of inner circle = OR – a = a 2 + a 2 − a = a

179.

**FG1× 1 IJ + FG 2 × 3 IJ = 7 and variance = ΣP.X H 4K H 4K 4 L 1 3 O F 7 I 3 . Ans.(4) = M ×1 + ×2 P−G J = N 4 4 Q H 4 K 16 LM1 1 1 OP LM1 1 1 OP ω P so that S = M1 ω ω P S = M1 ω MN1 ω ω PQ MN1 ω ω PQ
**

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Also S −1 =

=

1 3

LM MM1 MM1 MN1

**LM c h ωc1− ωh ωc1− ωh OP 1 1 c h MM cc hh c1−cω−hcω+h ωh c1−cω−hcω+h ωhPP 1 1 N Q O O LM 1 1 1 P 1 1 P M P 1 P 1M ω − 1− ω PP = 3 M1 ω ω PP [∴ 1 + ω + ω ω ω ω M P 1 −1− ω P PQ MMN1 ω ω PPQ ω ω ω ω
**

ω 1− ω 1 ω 1− ω 3ω 1− ω ω 1− ω

2 3 3 2

e

2 −1

j

O

P aR

(a,a)

Q

**Radius of outer circle = OR + RQ
**

2

= 0 & ω3 = 1]

=a 2 +a = a

e

2 + 1 . Ans.(3)

j

IC : PTpnrhm01

(41) of (48)

**186. Let DC be parallel to the line y = x + 3 then equation of DC is x – y + k = 0 ∴ a 2 + a 2 = 4 ⇒ a = √2
**

A

.. (1)

D

E a a 2 O (5, 3)

**191. There are 11 ways to choose x and 11 ways to choose y,
**

C

making 11 × 11 = 121 ways to choose both x and y. The number of different values of y for a given value of x can be determined as follows. When x = 0, we have | 0 – y| ≤ 5 ⇒ |y| ≤ 5 ⇒ – 5 ≤ y ≤ 5 ⇒ 0 ≤ y ≤ 5 [because y ≥ 0]

Let length of side be 2a then OE = EC = a

B

But 0 ≤ y ≤ 5, gives 6 values, when x = 1, we have |1 – y| ≤ 5 ⇒ – 5 ≤ 1 – y ≤ 5 ⇒ 0 ≤ y ≤ 6, gives 7 values of y. When x = 2, we have | 2 – y| ≤ 5 ⇒ – 5 ≤ 2 – y ≤ 5 ⇒ 0 ≤ y ≤ 7 gives 8 values similarly we can show that when x equals 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 there are 9, 10, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, values of y respectively. Therefore the number of favourable cases is 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10 + 11 + 10 + 9 + 8 + 7 + 6 = 91 so that the required probability is

91 . Ans.(3) 121

Now OE =

5−3+k 1+ 1

= 2 ⇒ 2 + k = ± 2 ⇒ k = 0 or – 4

Hence equation of DC is y = x or y = x – 4. Now only (7, 3) satisfies equation of DC. Ans.(2) 187. Point circles of the co-axial system are (x – 1) 2 + (y – 2) 2 = 0 and (x – 4) 2 + (y – 3) 2 = 0 or x 2 + y 2 – 2x – 4y + 5 = 0 and x 2 + y 2 – 8x – 6y + 25 = 0 ∴ Equation of co-axial system is (x 2 + y2 – 2x – 4y + 5) + λ (x 2 + y2 – 8x – 6y + 25) = 0 ∴ ..... (i)

1 5

192. n(S) = 2 4 = 16 (because each of the four places can be filled in 2 ways) The zero determinants are

If it pusses through origin, then 5 + 25λ = 0 on substituting in (i)

λ=–

5x 2 + 5y 2 – 10x – 20y + 25 – x 2 – y 2 + 8x + 6y – 25 = 0 ⇒ 2x 2 + 2y 2 – x – 7y = 0. Ans.(3) 188. No common tangents exists for concentric circles. Ans.(1) 189. Let no. of red balls are x and no. of blue balls are y.

x

1 1 1 1 −1 −1 −1 1 1 − 1 −1 1 1 −1 −1 −1 , , , , , , , 1 1 −1 −1 1 1 −1 1 1 − 1 1 −1 −1 1 −1 −1

n(E) = 8, ∴ P(E) =

n(E) 8 1 = = . Ans.(4) n(S) 16 2

Probability of drawing two red balls =

x +y

C2 C2

y

193. The condition for A, B to be independent is P(AB) = P (A). P (B) Now, P(A) = 1 – P ( A) = 1 – [P (all boys) + P (all girls)] = 1−

Probability of drawing two blue balls =

x +y

C2 C2

x

FG 1 + 1 IJ = 1− 1 H2 2 K 2

n n

n−1

=

2 n−1 − 1 2n − 1

Probability of drawing 1 blue and 1 red ball =

C1 × y C1

x+ y

P(B) = P (all boys) + P (one girl) =

C2

FG 1 IJ H 2K

n

+n

FG 1 IJ FG 1 IJ H 2K H 2K

n−1

=

n+1 2n

By the question-

x

x +y

C2 C2

=5

y

x +y

C2 C2

P (AB) = P (one girl) =

n 2

n

,

n 2

n

=

n + 1 2 n−1 − 1 2 n−1 − 1 . n−1 ∴ n = (n + 1) 2n 2 2 n−1

⇒ n.2 n–1 = n.2 n–1 – n + 2 n–1 – 1 ⇒ 2 n–1 = n + 1 ⇒ n = 3. Ans.(1) 194. The number of numbers whose sum is 9 is One digit number = 1. Two digits numbers = 9 Three digits numbers = 9 + 8 + 7 + ...1 =

9 × 10 = 45 2

⇒

x! y! =5 ⇒ 2 !( x − 2 )! 2 !(y − 2)!

x

x(x – 1) = 5y. (y – 1)

Again ,

C1 × y C1

x +y

C2

=6

y

x +y

C2 C2

⇒

x! y! y! × =6 ⇒ ( x − 1)! (y − 1)! 2 !( y − 2 )!

9y 2

x = 3 ⇒ x – 3y + 3 = 0 y−1

– 21y + 12 = 5y 2 – 5y

∴ required probability =

55 11 = .Ans.(2) 1000 200 4 2 = 6 3

195. Total number = 6, favourable number = 2, 3, 4, 5, i.e. 4. Probability of favourable number in one draw =

(3y – 3) (3y – 4) = 5y (y – 1) ⇒ ⇒ 4y 2 – 16y 12 = 0

y 2 – 4y + 3 = 0, (y – 3) (y – 1) = 0 ⇒ y = 3, 1. y = 1 is not possible. So, y = 3; ∴ x = 6. Ans.(1) 190. The probability of not hitting the target is q n. Thus we seek the smallest n for which q n is less than 1−

2 1 1 3 = , where q = 1 – p = 1− = . 3 3 4 4

n

∴ Required probability =

FG 2 IJ H 3K

4

=

16 . Ans.(2) 81

**196. We have P(X + Y = 3) = P(X = 0, Y = 3) + P(X = 1, Y = 2) + P (X = 2, Y = 1) + P(X = 3, Y = 0) = P(X = 0) P(Y = 3) + P(X = 1) P(Y = 2) + P(X = 2) P(Y =1 ) + P(X = 3)P (Y = 0) ( Q X and Y are independent)
**

= 5 C0

1 is obtained Hence compute successive powers of q until q < 3

FG 3 IJ H 4K

1

=

3 1 > ; 4 3

FG 3 IJ H 4K

2

=

9 1 > ; 16 3

FG 3 IJ H 4K

3

=

27 1 > ; 64 3

But

FG 3 IJ H 4K

4

=

81 1 < 256 3

+

=

5

∴ he must fire 4 times. Ans.(3)

**FG 1 IJ C FG 1IJ + C FG 1 IJ C FG 1IJ + C FG 1IJ C FG 1IJ H 2K H 2K H 2K H 2K H 2K H 2K F 1 I F 1I F 1 I C G J C G J = G J {(1)(35)+(5)(21) + (10)(7) + (10)(1)} H 2K H 2K H 2K
**

5 7 5 7 5 7 7 3 5 1 7 2 5 2 7 1

5

7

12

3

7

0

220 55 . Ans.(1) = 2 12 1024

(42) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

197. P(A ∪ B) = 0.6, P(A ∩ B) = 0.2 ⇒ P(A) + P(B) – P(A ∩ B) = 0.6 ⇒ P(A) + P(B) = 0.8

**The combined mean salary of all the 85 employees in the three establishments is given by :
**

X= = n1X 1 + n2 X 2 + n3 X 3 20 × 305 + 25 × 300 + 40 × 340 = 20 + 25 + 40 n1 + n2 + n3

. ⇒ 1− P( A) + 1− P( B ) = 0.8 ⇒ P( A) + P( B ) = 12 . Ans.(3)

198.

∂u 3 x 2 − 3yz = ∂ x x 3 + y 3 + z 3 − 3 xyz

2

. . . ( 1 ) . S i n c e u i s s y m m e t r i c i n x , y, z s o ,

∂u 3 (y − xz) ... (2) = ∂ y x 3 + y 3 + z 3 − 3 xyz 3 ( z 2 − xy) ∂u = ... (3). and ∂ z x 3 + y 3 + z 3 − 3 xyz

6100 + 7500 + 13600 27200 = = Rs.320. 85 85

Let d 1 = X1 − X = 305 − 320 = −15, d 2 = X2 − X = 300 − 320 = −20. and

**d 3 = X 3 − X = 340 − 320 = 20. The variance σ 2 of the combined salaries of all
**

the workers in the three establishments is given by

σ2 = = = = n1( σ 12 + d 12 ) + n2 ( σ 2 2 + d 2 2 ) + n3 (σ 3 2 + d 3 2 ) n1 + n2 + n 3

∴

F ∂ + ∂ + ∂ IJ u = 3 ... (4). ⇒ G H ∂ x ∂y ∂ z K x + y + z L ∂ + ∂ + ∂ OP u = LM ∂ + ∂ + ∂ OP ⋅ LM ∂ + ∂ + ∂ OP u Now, M N∂ x ∂y ∂ z Q N∂ x ∂ y ∂ z Q N∂ x ∂y ∂ z Q L ∂ ∂ + ∂ OP LM 3 OP =M + N∂x ∂y ∂z Q Nx + y + z Q L 1 − 1 − 1 OP = − 9 ⇒ k = −9 . = 3 M− NM (x + y + z) (x + y + z) (x + y + z) QP ( x + y + z)

2

∂ u ∂ u ∂ u 3( x + y + z − xy − yz − zx) + + = ∂ x ∂y ∂ z x 3 + y3 + z3 − 3 xyz

2

2

2

20(2500 + 225) + 25(1600 + 400) + 40(2025 +400) 85 20 × 2725 + 25 × 2000 + 40 × 2425 85

54500 + 50000 + 97000 201500 = = 2370.59 ⇒ σ = 48.69 . Ans.(1) 85 85 204. In the usual notations, we are given

**n1 = 100,n2 = 150,n3 = 250,X1 = 50, X2 = 55, X 3 = 60, σ 2 = 100,σ 2 = 121,σ 2 = 144 1 2 3
**

The arithmetic mean of the combined group of 500 items is given by

x= n1x 1 + n 2 x 2 + n3 x 3 100 × 50 + 150 × 55 + 250 × 60 = n2 + n2 + n3 100 + 150 + 250

2

2

2

2

**Ans.(2) 199. Putting t = 0 on both sides
**

0 −1 −3

=

5000 + 8250 + 15000 28250 = = 56.5 500 500

E=

1 −3

2 −3 = 1(0 − 9) − 3 (4 + 6) = − 39 . Ans.(2) 4 0

2 d 1 = x 1 − x = 50 − 56.5 = −6.5 or d 1 = 42.25,

200. Observe that u is a homogeneous function of 2nd degree. If f is homogeneous function of n th d e g r e e then,

**d 2 = x 2 − x = 55 − 56.5 = −15 or d 2 = 2.25 . 2 d 3 = x 3 − x = 60 − 56.5 = 3.5 or d 2 = 12.25 , The variance σ 2 of the combined 3 series of 150 items is given by σ2 =
**

= = =

x

∂f ∂f + y . = n.f . H e r e , n = 2 , ∂x ∂f

⇒x

∂f ∂u + y = 2u . Ans.(2) ∂x ∂y

1 2 2 2 2 [n1(σ1 + d 1 ) + n 2 (σ 2 + d 2 ) + n3 (σ 3 + d 2 )] 2 3 n1 + n2 + n 3

**201. Here we are given : n = 5, X = 4. 4 ∴ ΣX = X 1 + X 2 + X 3 + X 4 + X 5 = 5 × 4.4 = 22 or X 1 + X 2 = 22 – (1 + 2 + 6) = 13 .....(1)
**

1 2 1 2 2 2 2 Also we know : σ = ΣX − ( X ) = ΣX − ( 4.4 ) or n 5

1 [100 (100 + 42.25 ) + 150 (121+ 2.25) + 250 (144 + 12.25)] 500 1 {100 × 142.25 + 150 × 123.25 + 250 × 156.25 } 500 1 71775.0 (14225 + 18487.50 + 39062.50) = = 143.55 . 500 500

**ΣX2 = 5 × 8.24 + 5 ×19.36 = 138 or X 2 + X 2 = 138 − (12 + 2 2 + 6 2 ) = 97 .....(2) 1 2 From (1), we get X 1 = 13 – X 2 . Substituting in (2) we have (13 – X 2) 2 + X 2 2 = 97 or 169 + X 22 – 26X 2 + X 2 2 = 97 or 2X 22 – 26X 2 + 72= 0 or X 22 – 13 X 2 + 36 = 0
**

13 ± 169 − 144 ∴ X2 = = 9 or 4 . Hence X 1 = 4 or 9. Ans.(3) 2

**Hence, σ = 143.55 = 1198 . Ans.(4) .
**

2 205. In the usual notations we are given n1 + n2 = 100, x = 8, σ = 10.5 or σ = 10.5

2 n1 = 50, x 1 = 10,σ1 = 2 or σ1 = 4 ,

2 n2 = 50, σ 1 = 2 or σ1 = 4, n2 = 50, x 2 = ? σ 2 = ?

202. Let X 1, X 2, .... be the amount found in the pockets of passengers first, second, third and so on. Then we are given n = 20, Σ X 2 = 2000 and σ = 6. Now

2

σ2 =

∑( X − X) 2 =

n

2000 Σ X2 − X 2 or σ 2 = − X2 20 n

x=

n1x1 + n2 x 2 or 100 x = 50 x1 + 50 x 2 . n1 + n2

300 =6 50

**∴ X = 100 − 36 = 64 . Hence X = 8 . In other words Rs.8 is the amount that
**

each of the passengers will have to pay as fine. Ans.(2) 203. Let the number of employees, average monthly salary and standard deviations of the three establishments be respectively given below with the usual notations: n1 = 20 n 2 = 25 n 3 = 40

**∴ 50 x 2 = 100 x − 50 x 1 = 100 × 8 − 50 × 10 = 300 or x 2 =
**

2 2 Also (n1 + n 2 ) σ2 = n1(σ1 + d 1 ) + n2 ( σ 2 + d 2 ) 2 2

...... (1)

X1 = 305

σ 1 = 50

X2 = 300

σ 2 = 40

X3 = 340

σ 3 = 45

2 = 4 , d 2 = x 2 − x = 6 − 8 = −2 or d 2 = 4 . 2 + 4) Substituting in (1), we get 100 × 10.5 = 50 (4 + 4) + 50 (σ 2 or 1050 = 50 × 8 + 50 σ 22 + 200 = 600 + 50 σ 2 2 , or 50 σ 2 2 = 1050 – 600

where d 1 = x 1 − x =10 – 8 = 2 or

d2 1

= 450. ∴ σ 2 = 2

450 = 9 . Hence σ 2 = 3. Ans.(2) 50

IC : PTpnrhm01

(43) of (48)

**206. I No. of observation n1 = 50 Mean
**

x 1 = 113 ,

Group II n 2 = 60

x2 = ?

**Combined group III n3 = 90
**

x 3 = 115

213. By using formula rxy =

cov.( x ,y ) var x . var y

=

40 50 × 72

=

40 2 = 30 × 2 3 . Ans.(1)

n 1 + n 2 + n 3 = 200

Standard deviation σ 1 = 6

x = n1x 1 + n2 x 2 + n3 x 3

σ 2 = 7, ...(1)

σ3 = ?

x = 116 σ = 7.746

214. Total value of x Series = X × n = 10 × 50 = 500 . Total value of y Series = Y × n = 6 × 50 = 300 .Corrected total value x Series = 500 – 10 = 490. Corrected total value y Series = 300 – 6 = 294. Corrected means would be X =

490 294 = 10 and Y = = 6. 49 49

**The formulae for Mean and S.D. of the combined group are (n 1 + n 2 + n 3) (n 1 + n 2 + n 3) σ2 = (n 1 σ 1 + n 2 σ 2 + n 3 σ 3 ) + (n 1 d 1 + n 2 d 2 + n 3 d 3 ... (2)
**

2 2 2 2 2 2)

Using (1), we get 200 × 116 = 50 × 113 + 60. x 2 + 90 × 115 or x 2 = 120 ∴d1 = 116 – 113 = 3, d 2 = 116 – 120 = – 4, d 3 = 116 – 115 = 1 From (2), we have 200 × (7.746) 2 = {50 × (6) 2 + 60 × (7) 2 + 90 σ 3 2 } + {50 × (–3) 2 + 60 × (–4) 2 + 90 ×(1) 2}. or 200 × 60 = 1,800 + 2,940 + 90 σ 32 + 450 + 960 + 90. ∴ σ 32 = 64 ⇒ σ 3 = 8. Ans.(1) 207. We know coefficient of variation =

= S.D. × 100 = 80 or Mean

σx =

ΣX 2 ΣX − N N

FG IJ H K

2

2 or σ x =

ΣX 2 ΣX − N N

FG IJ H K

2

=

ΣX 2 ( X )2 or N

ΣX 2 = N ( σ2 + X 2 ) = 50 (9 + 100) = 5450. x Corrected ΣX2 = 5450 – (10) 2 = 5350. Similarly ΣY2 = N ( σ 2 + Y 2 ) y = 50 (4 + 36) = 2000. Corrected ΣY 2 = 2000 – (6) 2 = 1964. Now we need to calculate correct value of ΣXY. We have r = of ( X, Y ) =

Co var iance ( X, Y ) or r. σ x .σ y = Covariance (X, Y) and Covariance σ x σy

S.D. 80 × 90 × 100 = 80 . ∴ S.D. = = 72 90 100 Karl Pearson's coefficient of skewness is 3 (Mean − Median) 3(90 − 84) = = 0.25 . Ans.(2) 72 S.D. 208. Substituting the given values in the Karl Pearson's first measure of skewness, jp =

ΣXY − X .Y N

viz. SK =

0.32 =

Mean − Mode , we get . S.D.

∴

ΣXY ΣXY − 10 × 6 = 1.8 or − XY = r. σ x . σ y = .3 × 3 × 2 = 1.8 , N N

29.6 − Mode or Mode = 29.6 − 0.32 × 6.5 = 27.52. Ans.(4) 6.5

**ΣXY = 50 (1.8 + 60) = 3090. Corrected value of ΣXY = 3090 – (10 × 6) = 3030. The corrected value of the coefficient of correlation
**

ΣXY − ΣX 2 − ( ΣX )( ΣY ) N ΣY 2 − 90 90000 ( ΣY )2 N 3030 − 5350 − ( 490 × 294 ) 49 1964 − ( 294)2 49

**209. The required probability = 1 – probability of equal number of heads and tails
**

= 1− 2 n Cn

FG 1 IJ FG 1 IJ H 2K H 2K

n

2n−n

= 1−

(2n) ! 1 n!n! 4

FG IJ H K

n

= 1−

(2n) ! 1 (n !) 2 4 n

r=

. Ans.(3)

( ΣX )2 N =

=

(490 )2 49

210. Given M = 50, σ = 15, j P = –1. jP =

3 (M − Md ) 3 ( 50 − Md) ⇒ Md = 55. Ans.(3) ⇒ −1 = σ 15 =

3030 − 2940 450 × 200

=

90 = 0 .3 . T h e o r i g i n a l v a l u e o f r r e m a i n s 300

**211. We may write the data as n = 10, Σx i = 60, Σy i = 60, Σ xi2 =400, Σ y2 i = 580 & Σx i y i = 305. ∴ x=
**

_

**unchanged. Ans.(3) 215. We have x = 6,y = 8,σ X = 4, σ y = 12 and r =
**

σy σx

_ _

∑ xi = 60 = 6 and

n 10

i i __

y=

_

∑ yi = 60 = 6 .

n 10

2 3

So, cov( x,y ) =

F ∑ x y − x yI = F 305 − 6 × 6I = −5 .5 . GH n JK GH 10 JK

e∑ je∑ j

xi yi n

2 2

b yx = r

=

σx 2 4 2 2 12 = = . Ans.(1) = 2 and b xy = r σ y 3 12 9 3 4

FG IJ H K

FG IJ H K

216. Here we have Σx = 15, Σy = 29, Σxy = 83, Σx 2 = 55, Σy 2 = 209, n = 5.

r=

**R || | |∑ x − e∑ x j UR∑y − e∑y j U FGH VS V S n || n | | WT W T
**

2 i i 2 i i

∑ xi yi −

=

FG H

60 × 60 305 − 10

60 × 60 400 − 10

IJ FG KH

IJ K

x=

Σx 15 Σy 29 = = 3, y = = = 5 .8 . 5 5 n n

60 × 60 580 − 10

IJ K

**The equation of regression line of y on x is
**

y − y = b yx x − x , b yx =

e j

nΣxy − Σx Σy nΣx

2 2

c hc h = −20 = −0.4 . 50 − c Σx h

**∴ The equation is y – 5.8 = –0.4 (x – 3) ⇒ y = –0.4 x + (0.4)3 + 5.8 ⇒ y = –0.4x + 7. Ans.(4) 217. i. We have b yx = 3.2 and b xy = 0.8. b yx . b xy = 3.2 × 0.8 = 2.56 > 1. This is impossible, because 0 ≤ b yx b xy ≤ 1. ∴ The given statement is false.
**

9

And =

−55 = = −0.58 . Ans.(4) − 40 × 220 10 × 88 93.8 −55 −55

**212. Given r (x, y) = 0.3, Cov. (x, y) = 9, Var. (x) = 16. We know that
**

9 r x, y =

c h

Cov. x,y Var x

ch

c h

ii.

Var y

ch

⇒ 0.3 =

16 Var y

ch

iii.

We have b yx = 0.4 and b xy = –0.2. This is impossible because the regression coefficients are either both positive or both negative. ∴ The statement is false. We have b yx = 0.8 and b xy = 0.2. ∴ r = ± b yx .b xy = + (0.8)( 0.2) = +0.4 . ∴ The statement is true.

⇒ 0.3 =

4 Var y

ch

= Var y =

ch

9 90 = = 7.5 4 × 0.3 12

**Standard deviation of y series = 7.5. Ans.(1)
**

(44) of (48) IC : PTpnrhm01

iv.

**The regression line of y on x is 40x – 18y = 5 or 18y = 40 x – 5 or
**

y=

FG 40 IJ x − FG 5 IJ . ∴ b = FG 40 IJ = FG 20 IJ . Similarly H 18 K H 9 K H 18 K H 18 K

yx

223. Here mean = 30 and σ = 5. P(|X – 30| ≤ 5) = P(25 ≤ X ≤ 35) = P(–1 ≤ Z ≤ 1) = 2P(0 ≤ Z ≤ 1) = 2 × 0.3413 = 0.6826 ∴ P(|X – 30| > 5) = 1 – P(|X – 30| ≤ 5) = 1 – 0.6826 = 0.3174. Ans.(3) 224. The probability of getting atleast one head = 1 – probability of getting no head

1 − n C0

b xy =

10 5 = . 8 4

This is impossible because both the regression coefficients cannot be greater than 1. ∴ The statement as false. Ans.(4) 218. The regression equations are 3x + 12y = 19 ...(1) and 9x + 3y = 46 ...(2). We don’t know exactly as to which of the above equations is regression equation of x on y. Let us suppose that (1) is regression equation of x on y and (2) is the regression equation of y on x. (1) ⇒ x = −4y +

FG 1 IJ FG 1IJ H 2K H 2K

0 n

n

= 1−

1 2n

.

**The probability of getting at least two tails. = 1 – probability of getting no tails – probability of getting 1 tail
**

= 1− n Cn

FG 19 IJ . ∴ b H3K

xy

= –4, and (2) ⇒ y = −3 x +

FG 46 IJ . ∴ b H3K

yx

= –3.

FG 1 IJ FG 1 IJ H 2K H 2K

0

− n Cn−1

∴ b xy . b yx = (–4)(–3) = 12 > 1. This is impossible. ∴ Our supposition is wrong. ∴ (1) is the regression equation of y on x and (2) is the regression equation of x on y. (1) ⇒ y = −

From the questions

**FG 1 IJ ⋅ 1 = 1− 1 − n ⋅ 1 . H 2K 2 2 2 FG1− 1 IJ − FG1− 1+ n IJ = 5 ⇒ n = 5 ⇒ n = 5 . Ans.(1) H 2 K H 2 K 32 2 32
**

n−1 n n n n n

(2)

FG 1 IJ x + FG 19 IJ . ∴ b H 4 K H 12 K F 1 I F 46 I ⇒ x = G − J y + G J. ∴ b H 3K H 9 K

yx

xy

FG 1 IJ . H 4K F 1I = −G J . H 3K

=−

**225. Mean np = 20, S.D. = npq = 4 ⇒ npq = 16
**

∴q= 16 4 1 1 = ∴ p = ⇒ n ⋅ = 20 ⇒ n = 100 . Ans.(3) 20 5 5 5

**226. We have x = 50 and σ = 10.
**

16 = 0 .16 . Let the required 100 area be shown by region A. Let B be the region between the ordinate at the end of A and z = 0. Then, area A + area B = 0.5 ⇒ 0.16 + area B = 0.5 ⇒ area B = 0.5 – 0.16 = 0.34. We know that area 0.34 corresponds to z = 1. Thus, area B = area (0 < z < 1) = area (–1 < z < 0). So, the ordinate at the end of region A is at z = –1. Now, z = –1

Required area 16% of total area = 16% of 1 =

r = − b yx b xy = −

**FG − 1 IJ FG − 1 IJ = −0 .2887 . Ans.(4) H 4K H 3K
**

b yx .b xy − 1 b xy + b yx = .64 − 1 = 0.18 . 2

219. Given b yx = 1.6, b xy = 0.4. Therefore, tanθ = Ans.(2)

⇒

x−x x − 50 = −1⇒ = −1⇒ x = 40. 10 σ

220. Let p 1 = P r o b a b i l i t y t h a t a n o l d m a c h i n e n e e d s a d j u s t m e n t = 1 / 11 ∴q 1 = 1 – p 1 = 10/11 a n d p 2 = Probability that a new machine needs adjustment = 1/21 ∴ q 2 = 1 – p 2 = 20/21 Then P 1(r) = Probability that ‘r’ old machines need adjustment = 3 C r p 1r q 1 3-r = 3C r (10/11) 3-r (1/11) r and P 2 (r) = Probability that ‘r’ new machine need adjustment = = 7 C r (1/21) r (20/21) 7-r

7C rp 2 r

**∴ 16% of area to the left = P(z < –1) = P(x < 40). Ans.(2)
**

r r $ $ i 227. a + tb = $ + 2 $ + 3k + t − $ + 2 $ + k = (1 – t) $ + (2 + 2t) j + (3 + t) k . i j $ i j $

e

j e

j

q2

7-r

r r r If a + tb is perpendicular to c ,then

FG a + t b IJ ⋅ c = 0 H K

→ → →

The probability that just two old machines and no new machine need adjustment is given (by the compound probability theorem) by the expression: P 1(2) . P 2(0) = 3C 2(1/11) 2 . (10/11) . (20/21) 7 = 0.016. Ans.(1) 221.

1 300 = 2 bites/m. 2 hours = 150 minutes. Average no. of insect bites = 2 150

$ j i ⇒ [(1 – t) $ + (2 +2t) $ + (3 + t) k ]. [3 $ + $ ] = 0 ⇒ 3 (1 – t) + (2 + 2t) = 0 j i ⇒ t = 5. Ans.(3) r r r $ $ $ 228. The resultant of forces F = P + Q = (2 $ – 3 j + k ) + ( $ + 5 $ – 3 k ) i i j r $ $ = 3 $ + 2 $ – 2 k . Displacement d = p.v. of B – p.v. of A = (3 $ + 7 $ + 2 k ) j j i i $ $ i – (–2 $ + 5 $ + 7 k ) = 5 $ + 2 $ – 5 k . j j i r r $ $ $ i ∴ Work W = F ⋅ d = (3 $ + 2 j – 2 k ) . (5 $ + 2 $ – 5 k ) = 15 + 4 + 10 = 29 j i units. Ans.(2)

**The value of m = 2 bites/m. So prob. of zero insect bite is P ( X = n) = with m = 2, n = 0
**

P ( X = 0) =

e −m ⋅ mn n!

e −2 ⋅ 2 0 = e –2 = .1353. ∴ Prob. of no. insect bite is 0.1353. 0!

The ecologist was in the forest for 150 minutes. ∴ He was free from insect bites for = 150 × 0.1353 = 20.2 minutes. ∴ For about 20 minute intervals he was free from insect bites. Ans.(3) 222. Here the standard variable X follows normal distribution with mean 12 and sd 4. Now Z =

X -12 follows N(0, 1). 4

r $ $ $ 229. Let r = li + mj + nk be the required unit vector perpendicular to each of the r r r vectors a and b . Then l² + m² + n² = 1. ( ∴ r is a unit vector) $ $ $ $ $ ∴ l $ + mj + nk ⋅ 3 $ + 2 $ − k = 0 and li + mj + nk ⋅ 12 $ + 5 $ − 5k = 0 or, i i j $ i j $

3l + 2m – n = 0 and 12l + 5m – 5n = 0. Solving these equations, we get

l m n = = = −5 3 −9

→

e

je

j

e

je

j

F 4 − 12 ≤ Z ≤ 20 − 12 IJ P(4 ≤ X ≤ 20) = P G H 4 4 K

= P(–2 ≤ Z ≤ 2) = P(–2 ≤ Z ≤ 0) + P(0 ≤ Z ≤ 2) = P(0 ≤ Z ≤ 2) + P(0 ≤ Z ≤ 2) = 2P(0 ≤ Z ≤ 2) = 2Z(2) = 0.9544. Ans.(3)

c−5h + c3 h + c−9h

2 2

l 2 + m2 + n 2

2

=

1 115

∴ The required unit vector

→ −5 $ + 3 $ − 9k i j $ r = l $ + m$ + nk or, r = i j $ . Ans.(3) 115

IC : PTpnrhm01

(45) of (48)

**→ → a× b Trick : Unit vector perpendicular to both a and b is . → → a× b
**

→ →

1 1 $ $ $ $ $ $ 230. The required area. A = 2 a × b = 2 i + 4 j − k × i + j + 2k

→

→

e

je

j

$ $ k i j $ → → $ $ i ∴ a × b = 1 4 −1 = $ (8 + 1) – $ (2 + 1) + k (1 – 4) = 9 $ – 3 $ – 3 k . j j i 1 1 2 1 $ $ $ 1 2 2 9 i − 3 j − 3k = 9 + −3 + − 3 2 2

^

OP LM Q N LM a b c OP ⋅ b RQ LM a b | | N Q S N T L O F I = Ma b c P ⋅ b⋅G c × a J N Q H K

→ → → → → → → → → → → → → →

= a b c ⋅b− a b b ⋅ c

LM N

→ → →

OP Q

→

→ → →

b =0 ∴ a× b b× c c× a

OP Q

U L | M V N | W

→

→ →

→ →

→

OP Q

A =

c h c h

^ →

2

=

1 3 99 = 11 . Ans.(3) 2 2

LM a N

→

→ → →

b c ⋅ b c a = a b c

→ → → → →→ →

OP LM QN

→ → →

OP LM Q N

→ → →

OP Q

2

RQ L b | M S N | T

→ → →

c a = a b c

OP LM Q N

→ → →

OPU | | QV Ans.(3) W

... (1)

236. ( a × b ) × ( r × c ) = ( a × b . c ) r − ( a × b . r ) c = [ a b c ] r − [ a b r ] c

= (b × c )×( r × a ) = [b c a ] r −[ b c r ] a

→ → → → →→→ → → → → → →→→ → →→→ →

→

→→ →

→→→ →

→→→ →

231.

→

a× b = 2

→

i

^

j

k

^

1

1 = −5 i + 5 j + 5 k ∴ a × b =

^

^

→

3 4 −1

c−5h + 5

2

2

+ 52 = 5 3

= (c × a )×( r × b ) = [ c a b ] r −[ c a r ] b . 3[ a b c ] r − {[ a b r ] c + [ b c r ] a + [ c a r ] b }

→→→ → →→→ → →→→ → →→→ →

→→→ →

∴ given expression ....(2) ....(3)

→→→ →

**r r ∴Unit vector perpendicular to both a and b
**

→

=

a × b a × b

→ →

→

=

5 −$ + $ + k i j $ 5 3

e

j = − $i + $j + k$ . Ans.(4)

3

Again ( a × b ) × ( r × c ) = [ a r c ] b − [ b r c ] a

→→→ → →→→ →

→

→

→

→

→→→ →

→→→ →

From (1) and (3), [ a b c ] r − [ a b r ] c = [ a r c ] b − [ b r c ] a ∴ [a b c ] r = [a b r ]c +[c a r ]b +[b c r ]a

→→→ → →→→ → →→→ → →→→ → →→→ →

→→ → →

$ $ 232. Let 2 $ – $ + k and $ – 2 $ + 2 k are the p.v. of O and P. j i j i

$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ ∴ OP = i − 2 j + 2 k − 2 i − j + k = − i − j + k . $ $ $ $ $ $ ∴ Moment about O = − i − j + k × 3 i + j − 2k

$ i $ j $ k

e

je

j

∴ from (2) given expression = 3[ a b c ] r − [ a b c ] r = 2[ a b c ] r . Ans.(1)

→→ → →

→→→ →

e

je

j

2 3 7 . A r e a o f ∆A B C =

1→ → 1→ → | b × c | = | b − c |h , w h e r e h = t h e l e n g t h o f t h e 2 2

**i j $ = −1 −1 1 = $ + $ + 2k . Ans.(2) 3 1 −2 $ 233. Let a = 2 $ − $ + λk, b = $ + 2 $ − 3k, c = 3 $ − 4 $ + 5 k i j i j $ i j $
**

→ → →

perpendicular from A to the line BC. ∴ h =

|b× c| |b− c|

→ →

→

→

. Ans.(2)

238.

→

**r = 3 i − j + t( i + 2 j + 3 k ) ∴ a vector parallel to the given line is
**

→ → →

→

→

→

→

→

→

**b = i + 2 j + 3 k . ∴ unit vector along the line
**

→

Since the vectors are coplanar. ∴ a b c = 0 or 1 2 −3 = 0 3 −4 5 or, 2 (10 – 12) + 1(5 + 9) + λ(–4 – 6) = 0 ⇒ 10 – 10λ = 0. ⇒ λ = 1. Ans.(1)

LM N

→ → →

OP Q

2

−1

λ

=

i +2 j +3 k 1+ 4 + 9

→

→

→

=

i +2 j +3 k 14

→

→

F I 234. Since G a × b J ⋅ c H K

→ →

→

**is the volume with adjacent sides a , b and c . 239. Since b = r × a ∴ we have
**

→ → → →

→ →

→

∴ projection = ( i + j + k ).

→

→

→

( i +2 j +3 k) 14

→

→

→

=

1+ 2 + 3 14

=

6 14

. Ans.(3)

If

FG a × b IJ ⋅ c = a H K

→ → →

→

→ →

b c , then the parallelopiped is rectangular i.e., the

a × b = a ×( r × a ) = (a . a ) r − ( a. r ) a = (a . a ) r

→ →

→

→

→

→

→→ →

→→ →

→→ →

[Q a . r = 0 ]

→→

r r r r edges are at right angle to one another. ∴ a . b = 0, b . c = 0 r r c . a = 0. ∴ The correct answer is (2). Ans.(2)

∴ r =

a× b

→→

→

. Ans.(2)

235. a × b b × c c × a

LM N

→

→ →

→ →

→

OP = RFG a × b IJ × FG b × c IJ U ⋅ FG c × a IJ | | | | Q SH K H K V H K T W

→ → → → → → → → → → → → → →

a. a

because

FG a × b IJ × FG b × c IJ = RF a × b IJ ⋅ c U b − RFG a × b IJ ⋅ b U ⋅ c | | | | H K H K SG K V SH K V |H | | | T W T W

→ → → →

(46) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

240. Since (l a + m b + n c ) × (l b + m c + n a ).(l c + m a + n b ) = 0 .

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

→

245. Since f(x) =

1 (18 − x ) x

2

= (18 − x 2 ) −1/ 2

l m n →→→ ∴ n l m [a b c ]= 0 . m n l

l +m+ n l +m+ n l +m + n n m

→ → → → →

∴ f ' (x) =

(18 − x 2 )3 / 2 1 9

Since [ a b c ] ≠ 0 .∴

→→→

l n

→

m l

→

= 0 ⇒ l + m + n = 0 . Ans.(2)

f'(3 ) =

241. Let x = α i + β j + γ k . Then (α i + β j + γ k ).(2 i + 3 j − k ) = 0 ∴ 2α + 3β – γ = 0 Also ( α i + β j + γ k ).( i − 2 j + 3 k ) = 0 ∴ α – 2β + 3γ = 0 Again ( α i + β j + γ k ).(2 i − j + k ) = −6 ∴ 2α – β + γ = –6 (1) – (3) gives 4β – 2γ = 6 ⇒ 2β – γ = 3 (2) – (3) gives –3β + 5γ = 6 ∴ β = 3 ∴ (4) gives 6 – γ = 3 ∴ γ = 3 ∴(2) gives α – 6 + 9 = 0 ∴ α = –3 ∴ x = −3 i + 3 j + 3 k . Ans.(1) 242. The given relations are l + m + n = 0 ... (i) and mn – 2nl – 2lm = 0 ..... (ii) From (i), l = – (m + n), substituting this value of l in (ii), we get mn + 2n (m + n) + 2(m + n) m = 0 or, (m + 2n) = 0 or 2m = –n, m = – 2n. 2m 2 + 5mn + = 2n 2 – = 0 or, (2m + n) n, we have

→ → → → → → → → → → → → → → → →

→

→

→

∴ Lim

x→3

f ( x ) − f ( 3) f '( x) − 0 = Lim x → 3 1− 0 ( x − 3)

1 . Ans.(4) 9

(By L’ Hospital rule)

....(1) = f’(3) = ....(2) 246. ....(3) ....(4) ....(5)

x→1

Lim

t2

f(x) 4

( x − 1)

= Lim

x →1

{ f ( x )} 2 − 16 ( x − 1)

= Lim

x→1

2 f ( x ) f '( x ) − 0 = 2 f (1) f ' (1) 1

**= 2 × 4 × f’(1) = 8f’(1). Ans.(1) 247. sin x = 2 sin
**

x x x x x = 2 .2 sin 2 .cos 2 .cos . cos 2 2 2 2 2 x

∴ 5(4) + (5) gives 10β – 3β = 15 + 6 or 7β = 21

FG H

IJ K

**IJ .cos x .cos x K 2 2 x F x sin x = 2 . sin G cos 2 .cos 2x .cos 2x ....cos 2x IJK 2 H
**

2 2 2 sin x 23

n

FG H

.cos

23

2

n

2

3

n

From

2m

**2n sin ⇒ lim
**

n→∞

x 1 x x x x cos .cos 2 .cos 3 ........cos n 2 2 2 2

m n m + n m + n −l l l2 + m 2 + n 2 1 = = = = = = = −1 1 −1 1 −2 1− 2 1+ 1+ 4 6

2n = sin x

∴l=

1 6

,m =

1 6

, n=−

2 6

.

⇒ lim

2n

n→∞

sin

m n m+n l l 2 + m2 + n2 1 = = = = = Again taking m = – 2n, we have . 2 −1 2 − 1 −1 1+ 4 + 1 6

x 2n × x x 2n x 2n = = sin x sin x

**FG cos x .cos x .....cos x IJ H 2 2 2 K
**

2 n

1

Hence l = –

1 6

,m =

2 6

, n=−

1 6

. Ans.(4)

Put x =

π = 2

π both sides 2 1

243. Since the required line is parallel to

x −3 y +1 z−2 = = , it follows that the 2 7 −3 required line passing through A(2i – j + k) has the direction of 2i + 7j – 3k.

. Ans.(1)

Hence, vector equation of the required line is r = 2i – j + k + λ(2i + 7j – 3k) where λ is a parameter. Ans.(2) 244. The given lines will be coplanar if we can find a line perpendicular to each of them. Let l, m, n, be the direction cosines of the line perpendicular to the first two lines. Then l.1 + m.(– 2) + n.2 = 0 i.e.l – 2m + 2n = 0 l.0 + m.2 + n(– 1) = 0 i.e. 0.l + 2m – n = 0 (l 1 l 2 + m 1m 2 + n 1n 2) = 0.

l m n = = . This line will be perpendicular to the −2 l 2 third line if l.1 + m.2 + n.0 = 0 i.e. (– 2).1 + 1.2 + 0 = 0 which is clearly true. Hence the three given lines, being also concurrent, are coplanar. Ans.(1)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 . + . + + 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 f ( x 2 ) − f( x ) 2 xf '( x 2 ) − f '( x ) = lim f ( x ) − f ( 0 ) x →0 f '( x ) 2 x f '( x 2 ) = −1 . (Q f’(x) > 0). Ans.(2) f '( x )

248.

x →0

lim

= −1+ lim

x→0

By cross-multiplication,

IC : PTpnrhm01

(47) of (48)

n

249. un =

1 np

LMF 1I G 1+ J NMH n K

n

p 1/2

1/2

−1

O LF 1 1 P n MG1+ − P Q = NH 2n 8n

n

p p +1/2

2

+.... − 1

IJ OP K Q

250.

x→0

Lim [ x 2 + x + sin x ]

L.H.S. =

=

LM 1 N 2n

−

1 8n 3 /2

O 1 + ....P = Q 2n

x → 0−

Lt f ( x) = Lt f (0 − h) = Lt [h2 − h − sin h]

h→0 h→ 0

−

1 8np +3 / 2

+.... . = Lt

The first term suggests that the auxiliary series should be taken as

∑ np+1 2

1

h→ 0

.

LMh MN

2

−h− h −

F GH

h 3 h3 + − ... 3! 5 !

I OP JK P Q

= Lt

h→0

LM−2h + h NM

2

+

h3 h5 − + ... 3! 5!

OP QP

= 0.

So take v n =

u 1 then lim n→∞ n vn n p+1 2

F I = lim GH JK

∑ np+1/2

1

n→∞

LM 1 − 1 +....OP = 1 =a finite N 2 8n Q 2

Ans.(2)

quantity. But the auxiliary series when p +

is always divergent except

FG H

1 1 > 1 i.e., p > . 2 2 1 . Ans.(2) 2

IJ K

Hence the given series is always divergent except when p >

Objective key

1.(2) 11.(3) 21.(3) 31.(2) 41.(2) 51.(2) 61.(3) 71.(2) 81.(2) 91.(4) 101.(4) 111.(2) 121.(3) 131.(3) 141.(3) 151.(2) 161.(3) 171.(3) 181.(2) 191.(3) 201.(3) 211.(4) 221.(3) 231.(4) 241.(1) 2.(2) 12.(4) 22.(4) 32.(2) 42.(2) 52.(3) 62.(2) 72.(4) 82.(2) 92.(3) 102.(4) 112.(4) 122.(4) 132.(2) 142.(2) 152.(1) 162.(3) 172.(2) 182.(4) 192.(4) 202.(2) 212.(1) 222.(3) 232.(2) 242.(4) 3.(1) 13.(3) 23.(1) 33.(2) 43.(2) 53.(2) 63.(2) 73.(3) 83.(2) 93.(2) 103.(4) 113.(2) 123.(2) 133.(1) 143.(1) 153.(1) 163.(2) 173.(1) 183.(4) 193.(1) 203.(1) 213.(1) 223.(3) 233.(1) 243.(2) 4.(1) 14.(3) 24.(2) 34.(3) 44.(2) 54.(3) 64.(3) 74.(4) 84.(2) 94.(1) 104.(3) 114.(3) 124.(2) 134.(2) 144.(3) 154.(2) 164.(2) 174.(3) 184.(2) 194.(2) 204.(4) 214.(3) 224.(1) 234.(2) 244.(1) 5.(1) 15.(1) 25.(3) 35.(2) 45.(4) 55.(4) 65.(4) 75.(2) 85.(4) 95.(3) 105.(3) 115.(1) 125.(4) 135.(4) 145.(1) 155.(3) 165.(2) 175.(4) 185.(3) 195.(2) 205.(2) 215.(1) 225.(3) 235.(3) 245.(4) 6.(1) 16.(4) 26.(3) 36.(2) 46.(4) 56.(2) 66.(4) 76.(2) 86.(2) 96.(1) 106.(2) 116.(3) 126.(2) 136.(1) 146.(2) 156.(3) 166.(2) 176.(2) 186.(2) 196.(1) 206.(1) 216.(4) 226.(2) 236.(1) 246.(1) 7.(2) 17.(1) 27.(2) 37.(2) 47.(1) 57.(1) 67.(1) 77.(1) 87.(3) 97.(1) 107.(1) 117.(2) 127.(3) 137.(4) 147.(3) 157.(3) 167.(1) 177.(3) 187.(3) 197.(3) 207.(2) 217.(4) 227.(3) 237.(2) 247.(1) 8.(2) 18.(4) 28.(3) 38.(2) 48.(3) 58.(4) 68.(4) 78.(4) 88.(1) 98.(1) 108.(2) 118.(2) 128.(4) 138.(3) 148.(3) 158.(3) 168.(4) 178.(4) 188.(1) 198.(4) 208.(4) 218.(4) 228.(2) 238.(3) 248.(2) 9.(4) 19.(4) 29.(2) 39.(1) 49.(2) 59.(2) 69.(4) 79.(3) 89.(1) 99.(2) 109.(3) 119.(3) 129.(3) 139.(4) 149.(2) 159.(2) 169.(1) 179.(4) 189.(1) 199.(2) 209.(3) 219.(2) 229.(3) 239.(2) 249.(2) 10.(2) 20.(2) 30.(3) 40.(3) 50.(3) 60.(2) 70.(3) 80.(2) 90.(3) 100.(1) 110.(4) 120.(3) 130.(1) 140.(3) 150.(3) 160.(1) 170.(1) 180.(3) 190.(3) 200.(2) 210.(3) 220.(2) 230.(3) 240.(2) 250.(2)

(48) of (48)

IC : PTpnrhm01

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