l÷-Øp¬ hnZmAv;

\yqaq¨ hn[n ]d-bp∂p
i_m-_v, hnNn-¥\w hmcn-II
- f- n¬ \_n(-k)-bpsS
Ad-^b
- p-Sa- mbn _‘-s∏-SpØn "amk-∏n-dhn'
kw_-‘a- mbn h∂ teJ-\ß
- ƒ°v lnPvd IΩn‰n
Hm^v C¥y sk{I-´dn P: Sn.A_vZp-jp-Iq¿
Fgp-Xnb adp-]-Sn.

{]km-[\w

HIJRA COMMITEE OF INDIA
7/858-B, A.W.H.Building, S.M.Street, Kozhikode -673
001, Kerala. Ph: 0495-2724007
E-mail: hijraindia@rediffmail

"\yq aq¨' hn[n ]d-bp∂p
l÷-Øp¬ hnZmAv ;
\yqaq¨ hn[n ]d-bp∂p
Sn.-A-_vZp-ip-°q¿
22.10.10 \v Cd-ßnb i_m-_n¬ tIcf PwC-ø-Øp¬ Dea {]knU‚ v A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo-\nbpw sI.-F≥.Fw sk{I-´dn sI.-]n.-k-°cn-øbpw kwbp-‡-ambn Fgp-Xnb teJ-\-Øn\v s]s´∂p Xs∂ Hcp
adp-]Sn Xøm-dm°n 25.10.10 \p Xs∂ i_m-_n¬ FØn-®p. {]kvXpX
teJ-\-Øns‚ Isø-gpØp {]Xn hmbn® Nne KpW-Imw-£nIƒ AXv
hmbn-°p-∂-h¿ sX‰mbn hymJy-\n-°m≥ CS-bp≈ Nne hmN-I-߃
Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®X
- ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø
- n¬ BbXv XncpØn Csa-bn¬ hgn
Ab-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Bb-Xns‚ {]n‚ v sNbvX tIm∏nbpw ASpØ
Znhkw Xs∂ i_m-_n-te°v Ab®p sImSp-°p-Ibpw apºv Ab®
Isø-gpØp {]Xn Xncn-®-b-°-W-sa∂v Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp.
F∂m¬ i_m_v ]{Xm-[n-]¿ {]kvXpX teJ\w Xncn-®-b-®n-√. Fs‚
Xncp-Ønb teJ\w {]kn-≤o-Ic
- n-®X
- p-an-√. AXn-\m¬ {]kvXpX teJ\w
Unkw-_¿ H∂mw XnbXn Cd-ßnb "A¬^-\m¿' ss{Xam-kn-I-bn¬
{]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Aßn-s\-bn-cns° Unkw-_¿ 6˛mw
XnbXn Hcp C˛-sa-bn¬ ktµiw e`n-®p. i_m-_n¬ A_vZp-jp-Iq¿
Fgp-Xnb teJ-\-Øn\v A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo-\n Fgp-Xnb adp-]Sn c≠p
Znh-k-Øn-\Iw t]mÃv sNøp-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p aZo-\n-bpsS {]nb-kplrØpw injy-\p-amb tUm.-km-Pn-Zns‚ sabn¬ . 14˛mw XnbXn aZo-\nbpsS teJ\w C sabn¬ hgn e`n-®p. Rm≥ BZyw sImSpØ IsøgpØp {]Xn-°p≈ adp-]-Sn-bmWv e`n-®-Xv. Rm≥ Xncn-®-b-°m≥ Bhiy-s∏´ Fs‚ teJ\w i_m_v hmcnI a‰m-fp-Iƒ°v \¬Ip-Ibpw
Fs∂ sXdn ]d-bn°p-Ibpam-bn-cp-∂p. CXv hnizm-k h©-\-am-{X-a-√,
]{X-a-cym-Z-bp-sSbpw ewL-\-am-Wv. i_m_v Fs‚ adp-]Sn {]kn-≤o-Icn-°n-s√∂v Icp-Xn-bn-cn-s°-bmWv 18.12.2010 e°-Øn¬ Rm≥ Xncn®p
Xcm≥ Bh-iy∏´ teJ\w AtX]Sn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv {i≤bn¬ s]´-Xv. Rm≥ Xncp-Øm≥ Bh-iy-s∏´ hmN-I-߃ Xncp-ØmsX
AXn-s\-Øs∂ FSpØp hna¿in-®n-cn-°p-I-bmWv sI.-sP.bp ]WvUnXcpw i_m_pw sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv. CXv tJZ-I-c-am-bn-t∏mbn F∂v hmb\-°mcpw kΩ-Xn-°p-at√m? A¬^-\m¿ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® Fs‚ BZy
adp-]Sn hmbn-°p-I.
2

BIm-ihpw AXn-ep≈ tImSm-\p-tImSn \£-{X-ßfpw {Kl-ßfpw
D]-{K-l-ßfpw AS-ßp∂ Cu {]]-©hpw AXn¬ kqcy≥, kqcys\
Np‰p∂ `qan, `qan-sb-Np-‰p∂ N{µ≥ F∂n-hbpw krjvSn® A√m-lp(kp.-X) Ch-sb√mw Xs∂ IWn-i-amb \nb-a-hy-h-ÿ°v hnt[-b-am-°nbn-cn-°p-∂p. `qansb Ah≥ a\p-jy- hm-k-tbm-Ky-am-°p-Ibpw `qan-bn¬
hkn-°p∂ k¿∆- Po-h-Pm-e-߃°pw Bh-iy-amb Xc-Øn¬ kqcys\bpw N{µ-s\bpw kwhn-[m-\n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. Cu {]]©
hyh-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°p-I-bmWv ssZhm-kvXznsØ t_m≤y-am-hp-∂Xn∂v A√mlp(k.-X)-\n¿t±-in-®-Xv. hn.-Jp. 3: 190 hN\w Ah-X-cn-®t∏mƒ {]kvXpXh-N\w ]mcm-bWw sNbvX Hcmƒ AtX-°p-dn®v Nn¥n°m-sXbpw ]Tn-°m-sXbpw Ccp-∂m¬ Abmƒ F√mw \jvS-s∏-´-h-cpsS
Iq´-Øn-em-sW∂v Pn_vco¬(-A)-A-dn-bn-®n-´p-≠v. apkvenw ]WvUn-XtemIw Pn_vco¬(-A)s‚ ap∂-dn-bn-∏ns\ Ah-K-Wn-®-t∏mƒ BIm-i tKm-f-ß-fpsS krjvSn-∏n-s\-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°p-Ibpw "CsXm∂pw \o
shdpsX krjvSn-®X
- √' F∂v km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. apkvenw
temIØv C∂v Pohn-°p∂ AØcw hy‡n-I-fn¬ Hcm-fmWv Fw.-Aen
aWn-Iv^m≥. apkvenw temI-Øns‚ ^¿fv In^ Bb tKmf-imkv{X
]T\w \S-Øn-b-Xn∂v At±-lsØ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v ]Icw
{Iqin-°p-I-bmWv \thm-∞m\ kwL-S-\-Iƒ t]mepw sNøp-∂Xv
F∂Xv tJZ-I-c-am-Wv.
lnPvd IΩn‰n Hm^v C¥y \jvS-s∏-´p-t]mb Ckvemanse Ie-≠¿
hyhÿ ]p\x-ÿm-]n-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. Ckveman∂v Hcp Ie-≠¿
Dt≠m? Ie≠¿ Bh-iy-apt≠m? lnPvd-I-e≠¿ {]Imcw Pohn-°p∂Xv aX-hn-cp-≤a
- mtWm? apkvenw aX-kw-LS- \
- I
- ƒ ta¬ tNmZy-߃°v
{]am-W-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ hy‡-amb D-Øcw \¬Ip-∂n-√.
]Icw lnPvd IΩn-‰n-sbbpw Aen aWn°v^ms\bpw i{Xp-]-£Øv
\n¿Øn sX‰n-≤m-cW ]c-Øn- k-aq-lØ
- n¬ \n∂pw H‰-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {ian®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmWv. AXns‚ `mK-ambn apPm-lnZv hmcn-I-I-fmb
hnNn-¥-\w, 3.10.2010 epw i_m_v 22.10.10 e°-Ønepw Htc Xc-Ønep≈ hna¿i\w \S-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Bi-b]
- c
- a
- mb hna¿i-\Ø
- n-ep-]cn
Aen aWn-Iv^m-s‚bpw lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bp-sSbpw {]Xn-Omb XI¿°m\p≈ ]cn-{i-aa
- mWv AXn¬ \S-Øn-bn-´p-≈X
- v. AXns\ Ipdn-®p≈ hn[n
A√m-lp(-kp.-X)-hnte°v hn´v hnj-b-Øns‚ a¿Ω-Øn-te°v {]th-in°p-∂p.
\yqaq¨ Ckveman∂\ytam?
\yqaq¨ BWv De-am-°sf Dd-°w-sI-Sp-Ø∂
- X
- v. PqX≥am¿ \yqaq¨
AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v apkvenwIƒ°v ]mSn-s√-∂mWv A≥km¿
bqkp^v Fs∂m-cmƒ hnNn-¥-\-Øn¬ Fgp-Xp-∂-Xv. CXp Xs∂
A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo-\n-bp-sSbpw A`n-{]m-bw. sX‰n-≤m-cW ]c-Øp∂
3

Hcp ]cm-a¿iw c≠p- te-J-\-Ønepw ImWp-∂p. "\_n(-k)-ln-em-ens\
B[m-c-am-°n-b√ amkw IW-°m-°n-b-Xv. adn®v \yqaq-Wns\ B[m-cam-°n-bm-sW-∂mWv lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bpsS hmZw.' temI-Øp≈ H´p-an°
cmPy-ßfpw lnem¬ ImWp-∂-Xns\ am\-Z-WvU-am-°p-∂p-sh∂ teJI≥am-cpsS Ah-Im-i-hmZw icn-b-√. ]m°n-ÿm≥, C¥y, _w•m-tZiv
F∂o cmPy-߃ am{Xta lnem¬ I≠-Xn\v tijw amkw XpS-ßp∂p-≈q. a‰p≈ cmPy-߃ F√mw Xs∂ lnem¬ I≠p F∂ Hcp
km£yw kzoI-cn®v amkw XpS-ßp-I-bm-Wv. tIc-f-Ønepw CXmWv
ÿnXn. Ata-cn-°-bpw bqtdm-]y≥ cmPy-ß-fpw ImWm-\p≈ {]mbw
Bbm¬ aXn, IÆp-sIm≠v ImtW-≠-Xn√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. lnPvd
IΩn-‰n-bpsS \ne-]mSv ]e-{]m-hiyw hy‡-am-°nbXmsW-¶nepw hna¿iI¿ AXv I≠-Xmbn \Sn-°p-∂n-√.
lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bpsS BZ¿iw

kqd Xu_: 36, 37 hN\ {]Imcw A√m-lp(-kp.-X) a\p-jy¿°mbn
kwhn-[m-\n-®n-cn-°p∂ Ie-≠¿ N{µ-amk Ie-≠¿ BIp-∂p. N{µ\v
amk-Øn¬ 29 As√-¶n¬ 30 Znh-k-ß-fp-≠m-Ipw. 30 Znh-k-ß-fp≈
Hcp amk-Øn¬ 29 N{µ-°-e-I-sf(-A-ln-√)-I-Æp-sIm-≠v ImWm≥ Ignbp-∂p. 29 Znh-k-ß-fp≈ amk-amsW¶n¬ 28 Ie-Ifpw ImWm≥ Ignbp-∂p. ImWm≥ Ign-bp∂ Ie-Isf \nco-£Ww \SØn Xnb-Xn-Iƒ
\n›-bn-°m-\mWv \_n(-k)-]-Tn-∏n-®n-´p-≈X.v Jp¿: 2: 189 ¬ N{µ°eIƒ(-A-ln-√) P\-߃°pw l÷n∂pw Xnb-Xn-Iƒ ImWn-°p∂p
F∂mWv ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Ah-km\w N{µs\ ImWp-∂Xv D¿Pq-\p¬
JZow F∂-t]mse amkm-hk
- m-\Ø
- n\p Hcp Znhkw apºm-Wv. bmko≥
39˛mw hN-\hpw N{µ\p hnhn[ L´-߃(-a-\m-kn¬) \n›-bn-®n-cn-°p∂Xv AXns‚ hnh-cw(Data) D]-tbm-Kn®v Imew IW-°p-Iq-´p-∂-Xn-\p≈-XmWv F∂v bq\pkv 10˛mw hN\hpw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p. Jp¿-B≥ lnemens\ Ipdn®p ]d-™n-´n-√. lnem¬ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv amkm-cw-`-Øn¬
7 hscbpw amkm-h-km-\-Ønse Ggp Ie-Iƒ°pw ]d-bp-∂-Xm-Wv.
A√msX 29˛mw XnbXn am{Xw ImWp∂ Ie-b-√. Aam-hm-kn -Zn-hkw
Hcn-°epw ImWp-Ib
- n-√. lnem¬ ]nd-°p-∂t- Xm-Sp-IqSn ]pXp-amkw Bcw`n-°p-∂p. ASp-Ø- Zn-hkw ]pXp-am-k-Øns‚ H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bm-Wv.
lnem¬ \·-t\{Xw sIm≠v I≠tijw amkw XpS-ßp-∂X
- n\v {]amW
]n¥p-W-bn-√. lnem¬ Ft∏mƒ ImWm-sa∂v IW-°p-Iq´n ]d-bm≥
Ign-bpw. lnem¬ Ft∏mƒ ]nd-°p-sa∂v Hcp sk°‚ns‚ Awiw
hsc IW-°p-Iq´n ]d-bm≥ Ign-bpw. AXmWv \yaq-Wns‚ IW-°v.
\yqaq¨ IrXy-ambn IW-°m-°m-sa∂v F√m-hcpw kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p.
\yqaq¨, I©-£≥, {KlWw Fs∂√mw ]d-bp∂ Htc {]Xn-`mkw
kw`-hn-°p∂tXmSp IqSn lnem¬ ]nd-°p-∂p. \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p∂
`qan-bnse tI{µ-Øn¬ kqcym-kvX-a-b-tijw 12 an\p´v Ign-™m¬
N{µ≥ AkvX-an-°p-∂p. AXn-\m¬ \yqaq¨ Znhkw B amk-Ønse
4

Ah-km\ Znh-k-am-Wv.
lnem¬ IÆp-sIm≠p ImWpI F∂Xv aX-Øns‚ \nb-aa
- √
- . \_n(k) 29 ˛mw XnbXn AkvX-ab ka-bØv N{µ-°e t\m°n-bn-´n-√.
t\m°m≥ Iev]n-®n-´p-an-√. Aßns\sbmcp amXr-I(-kp-∂-Øv) Nq≠n°m-Wn-°m-\n-√. lZo-kn¬ ]d-™n-cn-°∂Xv N{µ-°-e-I-fpsS Zriy-XbpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ t\mºv XpS-ßp-Ibpw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-Ibpw
sNøpI F∂m-Wv. ""kqaq endpAvbØnln'' F∂Xv lnem¬ ]nd∂p
F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xns‚ as‰mcp `mjy-am-Wv \yaq¨ kw`-hn®p F∂p
]d-bp-∂X
- v.
\yqaq¨ IW°v kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv Jn_veam‰w t]mse-bm-sW∂v
A≥km¿ bq\pkv F∂-bmƒ hnNn-¥-\-Øn¬ Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
Jn_veam‰w BZyw \S-Øn-bXv apPm-lnZv {]ÿm-\-am-sW∂v A≥km¿
bq\p-kn\v Adn-bn-√m-bn-cn-°pw. 1300 h¿j-߃°v apºv Ad-_n-Iƒ
h∂-h-gn-bn-te°v apJw Xncn®v apkvenwIƒ ]≈n-]-Wn-Xp, \a-kvI-cn®p. ap°m¬ \q‰m-≠p-apºv Fw.-kn.-kn.-A-l-ΩZv auehn B kXyw
a\- n-em-°n. apkvenwIƒ \a-kvI-cn-°p-∂Xv Jn_vebn-te°v Xncn-™√. B{^n-°-bn-te-°mWv apJw Xncn-°p-∂-Xv. `qan-imkv{Xhpw \m-hntK-j\pw ]Tn® At±lw 23.5 Un{Kn hS-t°m´p Xncn™v IAv_bnte°p≈ icn-bmb Zni kaq-l-Øn\v ImWn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Fw.-kn.kn.-sbbpw BZy-amcpw AwKo-Ic
- n-®n-√. At±-lt- Øbpw PqX GP-s‚∂v
A≥km-dns‚ ]q¿∆n-I¿ hnfn-®p. ]n∂oSv temIw At±-lsØ AwKoI-cn-®p. CXp-t]mep≈ Hcp XncpØv amk-\n¿W-b-Ønepw thW-sat∂
aWn-Iv^m≥ ]d-™n-´p-≈q.
N{µamk \n¿Æ-b-Øn\p \yqaq¨ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-I-b-√msX Ip‰-a‰
kwhn-[m\w thsd-bn-√. AXn\p kqcy N{µ-∑m-cpsS AkvX-a\
hyXymkw D]-tbm-Kn-®m¬ amk-߃ ]e-hn-[-Øn-em-Ip∂ hntcm-[m`m-k-ap-≠m-Ipw. AXm-Wn∂p kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬
lnPvd IΩn-‰nsb Bt£-]n-°p-∂-h¿, kqcy N{µ DZ-bm-kvX-ab
hyXymkw IW-°p-Iq´n Ie-≠-dn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. IW° v IrXyam-sW∂p kXyw sNøp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. F∂n´v \yqaq¨ \njn-≤-amsW∂vX¿°n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. CXv icn-b√ F∂mWv lnPd IΩn‰n
]d-bp-∂X
- v.
\_n(-k)-\yq-aq¨ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ amkw XpS-ßn-sb∂v Bcpw
hmZn-°p∂n-√. ImcWw A°m-eØv \yqaq-Wns‚ IW°v Adn-bp-am-bncp-∂n-√. sSe-kvtIm∏v I≠p-]n-Sn-®-Xn-∂p- tijamWv tKmf-imkv{Xw
C{Xbpw hnI-kn-®Xpw \yqaq-Wns‚ IW°p ]Tn-®-Xpw. \_n(-k)-Acp-fn-bn-´p-≈Xv "\ap°v IW-°p-Iq-´m≥ Adn-bn-√, AXn-\m¬ N{µ-°-eIƒ t\m°n XnbXn Adn-bWw'' F∂m-Wv. IW°p a\- n-em-bn-°-gn™m¬ lnem¬ ]nd-°p-∂Xp IrXy-ambn a\- n-em°n t\mºp XpSßp-I-bm-Wp-th-≠-Xv. A√msX Znh-khpw Xnb-Xnbpw sX‰n®v amkw
5

XpS-ßp-I-b-√. CXmWv lnPvd IΩn-‰n°v hnizm-kn-I-tfmSp ]d-bm-\p≈-Xv. A\m-h-iym-tcm-]-W-߃ ]d™v hnc-´p-∂Xv icn-b-√.

¥-\-Øntem ImWp-∂n-√. {]mam-WnIamb lZokv {KŸ-ß-fnepw D≤cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂n-√.

\_n(-k)-bpsS Ad^

Ad-^m-Zn\w sXfn-hp-I-fpsS shfn-®-Øn¬:

\_n(-k)-bpsS Ad^ hymgm-gvN-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-thm, AtXm sh≈nbm-gvNtbm? CXmWv Ct∏mƒ Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-∂n-cn-°p∂ {]iv\w.
F¥mWv Cu Znh-kß
- ƒ°p≈ {]m[m-\yw. aWn-°v^
- m≥ CXn∂p apºv
Ad^ GXp Znh-k-am-bn-cp∂p F∂p N¿® sNbvXn-´n-√. Hcp Kth-jW- hn-jb
- Ø
- n¬ hy‡-amb Adnhv e`n® tijta AXp-]d
- b
- mhq F∂Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv AXphsc \ne-hn-ep≈ A`n-{]mbw Xs∂ ]d-™Xv.
\_n(-k)-Zn-h-khpw Xnb-Xnbpw Imehpw a‰pw ÿnc-s∏-Sp-Ønb
{]kwKw \S-Øn-bXv sh≈n-bmgvN an\m-bn¬ sh®m-bn-cp-∂p. Znhkw
N¿® sNøp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂n√ 15 h¿jw apºv {]kn-≤o-I-cn® B ]pkvXI-Øn¬. Ct∏mƒ \_n(-k)-bpsS Ad^ GXp Znh-k-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p
F∂Xv hy‡-am-hp-Ib
- m-Wv. AXns‚ ^e-ambn F¥p kw`-hn-°p-sa∂p
t\m°mw.

Hcp PqX≥ Da¿(-d)-t\mSv ""A¬buap AIva¬XpeIpw'' F∂p XpSßp∂ Bb-Øns\ kw_-‘n®v kwkm-cn-®-Xn∂v Da¿(d)-]-d™ adp]-Sn-bn¬ {]kvXpX BbØv Cd-ßnb ÿew, Imew ka-bw, F√mw
X\n-°-dn-bm-sa∂pw AXv sh≈n-bmgvN Znhkw Ad-^-bn¬ \n¬°ptºm-gm-sW∂v ]d-bp-∂p. Cu Hscm‰ D≤-c-Wn-bmWv Ad^ sh≈n-bmgvN-bm-Wv F∂-Xn-\p-≈-Xv. CtX kw`m-jWw ]ecpw Bh¿Øn®p ]d™n-´p-s≠∂v am{Xw. Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Xnb-Xn-I-f-√msX Znhkw tcJ-s∏Sp-ØnbXmbn ImWp-∂n-√. Znhkw GXm-bn-cp∂p F∂Xv imkv{Xo-bambn At\z-jn®p Is≠-ØpI Xs∂-th-Ww. Cu Hscm‰ sXfn-hpsIm≠v Ad^ sh≈n-bmgvN Bbn-cp-∂p-sh∂v Dd-∏n-°m-tam. Xmsg
]d-bp∂ hkvXp-XI
- ƒ AXp-d∏
- s
- √∂v a\- n-em-°n-Øc
- nIbpw sNøp∂p.
1. _pJm-cn-bn¬ InXm_pØ ^vko¿ A¬ Jp¿-B-\n¬ Cu lZo
kv dnt∏m¿´v sNøp∂ kp^v bm≥ F∂-bmƒ ]d-bp-∂p. ""Rm≥ kwibn-°p-∂p, AXv sh≈n-bmtWm A√tbm F∂v'' kzlolv apkvenanepw
CtX kp ^vbms‚ hm°p-Iƒ AtX-]Sn D≤-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.
2. C_v\p A∫mkv dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-´p-≈Xv "ta¬ Bb-Øn-d-ßnb Znhkw c≠p-s]-cp-∂m-fm-sW-∂m-Wv. H∂v buap-∂l
- ¿, c≠v buap¬
Ppap-A'. l÷p¬ AIv_¿ F∂v \_n(-k)-]-d-™Xpw buap-∂-lvdns\-bm-Wv.
3. Da¿(-d) ]d-™X
- mbn \kmC dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX lZo-kn¬ "sseeØp¬ PpapA' F∂m-Wp-≈X
- v. ss_l-Jn-bnepw CB-\Ø
- p¬ Ip_vdmbnepw ssee-Øp¬ PpapA F∂m-Wp-≈-Xv. ssee-Øp¬ PpapA
F∂m¬ hymgmgvN cm{Xn-sb-∂m-W-t√m.
4. _en-s]-cp-∂mƒ sh≈n-bmgvNbmbn-cp∂p F∂ C_v\p A∫mkv(-d)-bpsS dnt∏m¿´v ssiJv \mk-dp-±o≥ A¬_m\n icn-sh-®-Xmbn
tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øs∏´n-cn-°p-∂p.
5. i_m-_n¬ D≤-cn® _pJmcn 4662˛mw \º¿ lZo-kv, ""BImi
`qanIsf krjvSn® \mfn-te°v Imew Id-ßn-h-∂n-cn-°p-∂p.'' F∂
\_n(-k)-bpsS {]kwKw Ad-^-bne√ \S-Øn-b-Xv. Ncn{X {]kn≤amb
{]kvXpX {]kwKw sh≈n-bmgvN Xs∂-bmWv \S-Øn-bX
- v. ]s£ AXv
an\m-bn¬ sh®m-bn-cp-∂p. buap-∂-lvdn-em-bn-cp-∂p.
6. _pJmcn lZokv \º¿ 1658: DΩp¬ ^fvev(d)-\n-th-Z-\w. Ad^m
Znhkw \_n(-k) t\mº-\p-jvTn-®n-´pt≠m F∂-dn-bm≥ Rm≥ \_n(k)-bpsS ASp-°-te°v Ipd®p ]m\obw sImSp-Ø-b-®p. Ahn-Sp∂v
AXv IpSn®p.''

Ad^ hymgm-gvN-bm-sW-¶n¬
Zp¬J-AvZ amk-Øns‚ \yqaq ¨ A.D. 632 P\p-hcn 27 Xn¶-fmgvN
6.28 UT °v Bbn-cp-∂p. A∂m-bn-cp∂p \_n ]p{X≥ C{_mlnw acn®Xpw {Kl-W-ap-≠m-bXpw. {]kvXpX Zp¬J-AvZ amk-Øn¬ 29 Znhk-ß-tf- D≠m-bn-cp∂p≈q. s^{_p-hcn 25 sNm∆mgvN 20.51 UT bn¬
\yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ 26.2.632 _p[-\mgvN Zp¬ln÷ H∂mw
XnbXn-bm-bncp∂p. ASpØ _p[-\mgvN buap-Ø¿hn-b, hymgw Ad^, sh≈n-bmgvN _en-Zn-\w. _p[-\mgvN H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bmbn cp∂-Xn\m¬ kqcym-kvX-ab ka-bØv N{µ-°e t\m°p∂ k{º-Zm-bw(29˛mw
Xnb-Xn) \_n-N-cy-bn-en√ F∂m-Wv t_m[y-am-Ip-∂Xv. N{µ-°-eIƒ(Aln√) \nco-£Ww \SØn D¿Pq-\p¬ JZow t\m°n amkm-hkm\w \n›-bn®v ]pXp-am-k∏
- n-dhn IW-°m-°p-∂X
- m-bn-cp∂p \_n-Ncy
F∂-Imcyw hy‡-am-hpw.

Ad^ sh≈n-bm-gvN-bm-sW-¶n¬:
A.D.632 s^{_p-hcn 26 _p[-\mgvN Zp¬J-AvZ 29 BsW∂v
i_m_v Fgp-Xp-∂p. H∂mw XnbXn \jvSvs]-´Xp sIm≠m-W-Xv. AXn\m¬ 29˛mw XnbXn _p[-\mgvN amk-∏n-dhn IÆp-sIm≠v Is≠-¶n¬
am{Xta hymgmgvN Zp¬ln÷ H∂mw XnbXnbmhp-Ib
- p-≈q. amkw I≠n´n-s√-¶n¬ hymgmgvN 30 ]q¿Øn-bm°n sh≈n-bmgvN H∂mw XnbXn,
ASpØ sh≈n-bmgvN buap-Ø¿hn-b, i\n-bmgvN Ad^ ]s£, Ad^
sh≈n-bmgvN Bbn-cp∂psh¶n¬ 29 _p[-\mgvN amk-∏n-dhn ImWWw. A∂v lnem¬ I≠-Xmbn bmsXmcp sXfnhpw i_m-_ntem hnNn-

6

7

\_n(-k)-hym-gmgvN t\msº-Sp-°¬ ]Xn-hm-°n-bn-cp-∂p. bm{X-bn¬
t]mepw {]kvXpX t\mºv Hgn-hm-°n-bn-cp-∂n-√. Ad^m Znhkw lmPnam¿°v t\mºn-√. F∂m¬ a‰p apkvenwIƒ A∂v t\msº-Sp-°p-∂p.
lmPn-am¿°v t\mºv Cs√-¶nepw hymgm-gNbmbXp sIm≠v kp∂Øv
t\mºv A\p-jvSn-®n-´pt≠m F∂p Adn-bm-\mWv DΩp¬ ^fvev ]m\obw
sImSp-Ø-b®v ]cn-tim-[n-®-Xv.
7. Ad^m Znhkw fpldpw Akdpw PwDw Ikvdpw Bbn \a-kvIcn°m≥ \_n(-k)-Iev]n®p. sh≈n-bmgvNbmbn-cp∂p Ad-^-sb-¶n¬
PpapA \a-kvIm-csØ kw_-‘n®v Fs¥-¶nepw hn[n-]-d-tb-≠-X-t√.
lmPn-am¿ bm{X-°m-cm-b-Xp-sIm≠v PpapA \a-kvI-cn-t°-≠-Xn√
Fs∂mcp adp-]Sn ]d-t™-°pw. bm{X-°m¿°v fpldpw Akdpw PwDw
Ikvdpw BsW∂v t\c-sØ-bp≈ hn[n-bm-W-t√m. Ad-^-bpsS ImcyØn¬ AXv {]tXyIw ]d-tb-≠-Xpt≠m F∂v Xncn®p tNmZn-°p-∂p.
Ds≠-¶n¬ Ppap-A-sb-°p-dn®pw ]d-b-Ww.
C{Xbpw hni-Zo-I-cn-®-Xn¬ \n∂pw Ad^ hymgm-gvNbpw _en-s]cp-∂mƒ sh≈n-bm-gvN-bp-am-bn-cp-s∂∂v sXfn-bp-∂p. kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw
Da¿(-d)-bpsS c≠p-X-c-Øn-ep≈ dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠-Xp≠v.
C_v\p Iko¿ ]d-bp-∂p, ta¬ BbØv Cd-ßn-bXv Ad-^b
- n¬ \n∂pw
\_n(-k)-a-S-ßnb tijw "Ainø' ka-b-Øm-Wv. i_m_v \¬Inb
]cn-`m-j-bn¬ "\_n(-k)-sh-≈n-bmgvN Znhkw Ad-^-bn¬ \n¬°p∂
ka-b-ØmWv {]kvXpX BbØv Ah-X-cn-®Xv'' (_p-Jmcn 45) F∂v
]d-bp-∂p. ]s£ lZo-kns‚ Ad_n aqe-Øn¬ "hJvXv' Fs∂mcp
hm°n-√. "Ad-^-bn¬ ktΩ-fn® Znhkw' F∂v A¿∞w hcp-∂-h-bpam-Wp-≈-Xv. bYm¿∞-Øn¬ kw`-hn-®Xv hymgmgvN Ad-^-bn¬ \n∂pw
\_n(-k)-aS- ß
- n-t∏mIp∂ hgn-bn¬ sh≈n-bmgvN cmhn¬ BWv BbØv
Ah-X-cn-®-Xv. ]ns‰-Zn-hkw sh≈n-bmgvN an\m-bn¬ sh®p \S-Ønb
Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤a
- mb {]kw-KØ
- n¬ \_n(A) B hN\w P\-ßsf HmXnt°ƒ∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
"buap Ad^' "ssee-Øp¬ PpapA' F∂o c≠p {]tbm-K-ßfpw
Iq´n-hm-bn-°p-tºmƒ Da¿(-d)-bpsS adp-]Sn ta¬ ]›m-Øe
- Ø
- n¬ D≠mb-Xm-sW∂v a\- n-em-°mw. tNmZyw tNmZn-®Xv Hcp PqX-\m-W-t√m.
Da¿(-d)-bpsS adp-]Sn a‰p-≈-h-tcmSv ]d-bp-tºmƒ PqX-hn-izm-khpw
AXn¬ Ie¿∂n-´p-≠m-hpw. PqX-hn-izmk {]Imcw kqcym-kvXa
- b
- t- ØmSp
IqSn Znhkw amdp-∂p. AXn-te°v PqXs‚ ImgvN-∏mSv {]Imcw
hymgmgvNbnse Ad-^m-Zn-hkw Ign™v sh≈n-bmgvN XpS-ßn-b-tijw
Jp¿-B≥ Ah-Xc
- n®p F∂p a\- n-em°n ImW-Ww. ck-Ic
- a
- mb Imcyw
tIc-f-Ønse ]WvUn-X≥am-cpsS hnizmk {]Im-chpw Znhkw XpS-ßp∂Xv aKvcn_n∂v Bb-Xn-\m¬ Da¿(-d)-¬ \n∂pw dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX
lZokv sIm≠v Ad^ \S-∂Xv sh≈n-bm-gvNb
- m-bn-cp∂p F∂v Ah¿°v
hmZn-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. "buap Ppap-A' F∂Xn∂v sh≈n-bmgvN F∂p-am8

{X-a-√, P\-߃ ktΩ-fn® Znhkw F∂pw A¿∞w ]d-bm-hp-∂-XmWv. kqd iqd 7˛mw hN-\-Øn¬ "kwi-b-c-ln-X-amb ktΩ-f\ Znhkw'
F∂ A¿∞-Øn¬ ta¬ hmNIw D]-tbm-Kn-®-Xmbn ImWm-hp-∂-XmWv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ Da¿(-d)-Pq-X-t\mSv ]d™ adp-]Sn sIm≠p-am{Xw
Ad^ sh≈n-bm-gvNb
- mWv \S-∂s
- X∂v sXfn-bn-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. AXn∂v
sXfnhv thsd Is≠-Ø-Ww.

A¬]w Ncn{Xw
Jeo^ Da¿(-d)-lnPvd Ie-≠¿ \S-∏n-em-°n-b-t∏mƒ AXn¬ H∂mw
XnbXn F∂m-bn-cp∂p. lnPvd \S-∂Xv d_o-D¬ A∆¬ amk-Øn-emWv. Ie-≠¿ XpS-ßn-bXv B h¿jsØ apldw apX¬°mWv. 01.01.01
F∂v XpSßn F∂Xv At\z-jn-°p-tºmƒ Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv AXv
622 Pqembv 15 _p[-\mgvNbmbn-cp∂p. A∂v BtKmf kabw 05.36∂v
\yqaqtWmsS kqcy-{K-lW
- hpw kw`-hn-®p. kqcym-kvXa
- b
- Ø
- n-∂p-tijw
15 an\p´v Ign™v N{µ≥ AkvX-an-®p. ASpØ Znhkw lnPvd H∂mw
h¿jw H∂mw-amkw H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bmbn \n›-bn-®p. CXv F≥sskt¢m-]o-Unb {_n´m-\n-°b
- n¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. U¬ln-bnse BZw
]ªntjgvkv {]kn-≤o-I-cn® "UnIvj\dn Hm^v Ckvemw' F∂ ]pkvXI-Ønepw lnPvd Ie-≠¿ 15.7.622 ∂v Bcw-`n®p F∂v ]d-bp-∂p. ]s£
C∂v apkvenw Ncn-{X-Im-c≥am¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv 16.7.622 sh≈n-bm-gvN-bmWv
lnPvd Ie-≠-dnse H∂mw Xnb-Xn-sb-∂m-Wv. CXv lnPvd Ie-≠-dn¬
IS-∂p-Iq-Snb PqXm-bn-k-amWv ImWn-°p-∂-Xv. 14˛mw \q‰m-≠nse Hmt´ma≥ `c-WI
- m-eØ
- mWv PqX-˛{- In-kvXy≥ kzm[o\w aqew ]e CkvemanIv
Nn”-ßfpw am‰nadn-°-s∏-´-Xv. Ie-≠¿ XnbXn am‰n, {]`mXw apX¬
Znhkw XpS-ßp∂p F∂ am\-ZWvUw aKvcn_n-te°v am‰n. lnPvd Ie≠¿ Xs∂ Ah-K-Wn®v {InkvXy≥ Ie-≠¿ apkvenw temIØv \S-∏nem-°n. Xp¿°n-bn¬ \n∂pw H´-\-h[n PqXm-bnkw Ckveman¬ IS-∂pIq-Sn. {]am-Wß
- f
- p-ambn am‰p-c®
- v AXn¬ ]eXpw \o°w sNbvXv Zo\ns\
ip≤o-I-cn-°m≥ Ckvemlo {]ÿm-\-Øn\v Ign-™p. ]s£, Ie-≠dns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ A‘-Im-c-Øn-te-°mWv bm{X sNøp-∂Xv.
\_n(-k)-bpsS PohnXw Jp¿-B-\m-bn-cp-∂p F∂mWv Bbn-i(-d)-]d-™n-´p-≈X
- v. N{µ-°e
- I
- ƒ Xnb-Xn-Iƒ ImWn-°p-∂X
- mbpw Ah l÷n∂p≈ AS-bm-f-ß-fm-sW∂pw hn.Jp 2: 189 ¬ ]Tn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ \_n(k)-A-X-\p-k-cn®v am{Xta Pohn-°p-I-bp-≈p. AX-√msX DulsØ
]n¥p-S¿∂p-sh∂pw Imew sX‰n Bcm-[\ \S-Øn-sb∂pw Btcm-]n°m-Xn-cn-°p-I. AXn∂v sXfn-h-t\z-jn®v kabw If-bm-Xn-cn-°p-I-sb¶nepw sNø-W-sa∂v At]-£n-°p-∂p. \_n(-k)-H-cn-°epw Imew sX‰n®n-´n-√. Xnb-Xn-Iƒ IrXy-ambn ]men-®n-cp-∂p-sh∂v Kth-jWw sXfnbn-°p-∂p. "CuemAv' kw`hw CXv sXfn-bn-°p-∂p. Hcp amkw `mcy-am9

cn¬ \n∂v hn´p \n¬°p-sa∂v ]d™ {]hm-N-I≥ 29-˛mw Znhkw Bbni(-d)bpsS -A-SpØv h∂ kµ¿`w. Pn_vco¬(-A) \_n(-k)sb Adnbn-®p. B amkw 29 Znh-k-ß-tf-bp-≈p-sh-∂v. AX-s√-¶n¬ {]kvXpX
amkw lnem¬ I≠v ASpØ Znh-kta \_n(-k)°v ho´n¬ t]mIm≥
Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p-≈p.(A¬^-\m¿ No.10)

ap≥K-W\m {]am-W-taXv?
Fs‚ ta¬ teJ-\-Øn¬ GsX-¶nepw kwL-S-\-tbtbm hy‡ntbtbm hna¿in-°p-Ibp≠m-bn-´n-√. F∂m¬ i_m_v Hcp a\x-imkv{X
bp≤-Øn-\mWv Xøm-dm-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. {]am-W-ß-fpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ adp]Sn ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmsX h∂t∏mƒ FXn-cm-fnsb hy‡n-lXy \SØp∂
]gb JWvU\
- ˛- h
- mZ {]Xn-hmZ AShv {]tbm-Kn®p t\m°p-Ib
- mWv i_m_v teJ-I¿. AØcw NXn-°p-gn-bn¬ lnPvd IΩn‰n hogp-Ib
- n-√. hy‡n]-c-amb A[n-t£-]-߃ am‰n-sh®v {]am-W-ß-fn-te°v aS-ßp-I.
Ckveman¬ {]Y-ahpw {][m-\-hp-amb {]amWw Jp¿-B-\m-Wv. AXp-Ign™v \_n(-k)-bpsS kp∂-Øpw. tij-amWv CPvamDw Jnbmkpw a‰pw
]cn-K-Wn-t°≠Xv F∂mWv ap≥Ime Ckvemlo ]WvUn-X≥am-cn¬
\n∂pw Rm≥ ]Tn-®n-´p-≈X
- v. F∂pap-X¬°mWv Jp¿-B\pw kp∂Øpw
]cn-KW
- n-°msX apPm-lnZv {]ÿm\w ]n¬°me ]WvUn-X≥am-cp-sSbpw
Cam-ap-If
- p-sSbw A`n-{]m-bß
- ƒ°v ap≥K-W\ \¬Im≥ XpS-ßn-bs
- X∂v
PwC-ø-Øp¬ Dae hy‡-am-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.
]q¿∆o-I-cpsS \ne-]mSv
Ign™ 35 h¿j-°mew Ckvemlo {]ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn®
F\n-°-Xns‚ Ncn-{X-a-dn-bmw. sFIy-Øn-\p-th≠n cq]o-I-cn® lnem¬
IΩn‰n Xs∂ IqSp-X¬ `n∂n-∏n∂p tlXp-hmbnØo¿∂ ZpxJ Ncn-{Xhp-ad
- n-bmw. 1980 Ifn¬ [occpw kXy-k‘
- c
- p-am-bn-cp-∂, hn⁄m-\Ø
- ns‚
\nd-Ip-S-ß-fm-bn-cp∂ ]WvUn-X-t{i-jvT-cpsS FgpØpw {]kw-K-hp-amWv
amk- ∏ n- d - h n- b psS imkv { Xo- b - X bpw aX- h n- [ nbpw a\-   n- e m- ° m≥
Fs∂bpw a‰p-]-e-tcbpw klm-bn-®-Xv. 1982-˛¬ ^tdm-°n¬ \S∂ apPmlnZv kwÿm\ ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® tkmh-\o-dn¬ Sn.-]n.Ip-´ymap kmln-_n-s‚bpw s{]m^-k¿ sI.-A-l-ΩZv Ip´n kmln-_ns‚bpw teJ-\-߃ Fs∂ AKm-[-ambn kzm[o-\n-®p. lnPvd IΩn‰nsb hna¿in-°m≥ th≠n t_m[-]q¿∆w sXfn-hp-Iƒ sa\-s™-Sp°p-∂-h¿ {]kvXpX tkmh-\o¿ Hcm-h¿Øn hmbn-°-Ww. s{]m^.AlΩZv Ip´n kmln_v Fgp-Xn ""Hcp \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p-∂-tXmsS
]pXnb amkw ]nd-°p-I-bm-bn. ]s£ ]pXnb N{µ-s\(-ln-em-en-s\)-DSs\ Is≠-∂p-hc
- n-√.'' CtX-Imcyw aWv°p-^m≥ ]d-bp-tºmƒ At±lw
hnh-c-an-√m-Ø-h-\m-Ip-∂-sX-ßn-s\-bm-Wv? sI.-kn.-A-_q-_-°¿ auehn
F∂ alm-]-WvUn-Xs\ sI.-sP.-bp-hn∂v Hm¿Ω-bpt≠m Ft¥m? sI.kn.-]e tÃPp-I-fnepw ]d-™Xv Rm≥ tI´n-´p-≠v. ""\mw DΩn-ømb
10

kap-Zm-b-am-Wv. \ap°v Fgp-Xm\pw IW-°p-Iq-´m\pw Adn-bn-√. AXn\m¬ N{µ-°-e-Iƒ t\m°n amk-∏n-dhn \n›-bn-°pI'' F∂ lZokv
D±-cn®p sIm≠v At±lw ka¿∞n-®n-´p-≈Xv, IW-°p-Iq-´m≥ ]Tn-®pI-gn-™m¬ ]ns∂ amk-∏n-dhn t\mt°-≠-Xn√ F∂m-Wv. ^Ø-lp¬
_mcn-bn¬ C_v\p lP¿ AkvJ-em-\nbpw CXp- Xs∂bmWv ]d-™n´p-≈-Xv. CXp auehnam¿ \ntj-[n-°ptam?. Ct∏m-gsØ sI.-sP.-bp.-{]kn-U‚ v ]d-bp-∂Xv amk-∏n-dhn kw_-‘-amb IW°v Iq´mt\ ]mSn√
F∂mWv. AXns‚ A¿Y-sa∂m-Wv. F∂n-´-t±lw Xs∂ IW-°p-Iq´n
N{µ≥ "C{X' an\p-´p-apºv AkvX-an-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ amkw ]nd-°p-I-bn√
F∂v {]kvXm-h-\-bp-an-d-°p-∂p. Cßns\ `mKn-I-ambn IW-°p-]-d-bm≥
sXfn-sh-s¥-∂p tNmZn-®m¬ tNmZn-®-bmsf hnh-c-an-√m-Ø-h≥ F∂v
hnfn®v A[n-t£-]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. tIc-f-Ønse CkvemanI
ssh⁄m-\nI cwKØv \£-{X-ß-sf-t∏mse Xnf-ßnb ]WvUn-X≥amcp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Hcp Ime-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. IW°v kzoIm-cy-am-sW∂pw
tKmf-im-kv{X-°-W°v {]Imcw amk-∏n-dhn Xocp-am-\n-°m-hp-∂-XmsW∂pw hmZn® ]WvUnX t{ijvT¿ A\-h-[n-bm-bn-cp∂p Ckvemlo
{]ÿm-\-Øn¬. {]ÿm\ ÿm]I t\Xm-hmbncp∂ BZ-c-Wo-b-\mb
sI.-Fw.-au-e-hn, lnµp Zn\-]-{X-Øn¬ sImSp-°p∂ IW°v {]Imcw
\jvS-s∏´ t\mºv t\m‰p-ho-´m≥ ^Xvh \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∂m? C∂v
IW-°p-t\m-°mt\ ]mSn-√s{X.
{]am-W-ß-fpsS ap≥K-W\m{Iaw ]g-b-Ime Ckvemlo ]WvUnX≥am¿ ]Tn-∏n-®n-´p-≈Xv Jp¿-B≥, kp∂-Øv, CPvamAv, Jnbmkv F∂
{Ia-Øn-em-Wv. Ct∏mƒ Xe-Xn-cn-®mWv ]cn-K-Wn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
Jp¿-B≥ ]cn-K-Wn-°pt∂ C√. lZo-km-sW-¶ntem ap≥Ime ]WvUnX≥am¿ \¬Inb A¿Yw am‰n Fgp-Xp∂p, F∂p am{X-a√ Ah¿°v
sX‰p-]-‰n-b-Xm-sW∂pw A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo\n FgpXn sh®n-cn-°p∂p.
hfsc hn\o-X-ambn ]d-b-s´, Rm≥ C∂sØ PwC-ø-Øp¬ De-abpsS A\p-bm-bn-b√. sI.-Fw.-au-ehn apX¬ sI.-]n.-ap-l-ΩZv auehn
hsc-bp≈ XymKo-hc
- y-cmb ]WvUn-X≥am¿ Fgp-Xn-bX
- pw {]kw-Kn-®Xpw
tI´pw I≠pw ]Tn®pw a\- n-em-°nb Bi-b-߃ BWv Fs‚ teJ\-Øn-ep-≈-Xv. Rm≥ Hcp ]WvUn-X-\-√. `mjm-]-cn-⁄m-\n-bp-a-√.
Ckvemlo ]WvUn-X≥am¿ Fgp-Xnb {KŸ-ßfpw Jp¿-B≥ ]cn-`m-jIfpw ASn-ÿm-\-am-°n-bmWv teJ\w Xøm-dm-°p-∂-Xv. h√ sX‰pw
]‰n-bm¬ AXv Xncp-Øm≥ F\n-°-h-Im-i-ap-≠v. Rm≥ Xncn®p tNmZn®
teJ\w Xncn-®p-\¬ImsX AXp-Xs∂ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw Rm≥
Xncp-Ø-ep-Iƒ Bh-iy-s∏´ `mKw Xnc-s™-SpØv hna¿in-°p-hm≥ a‰mfp-Iƒ°v \¬Ip-I-bpw, Hcp aX-hn-izm-kn°v ]‰m-Øn-h[w ]cn-l-kn°p∂ Csa-bn-ep-Iƒ Ab-°p-Ibpw a‰pw sNøp-∂X
- ns‚ DØ-ch
- m-ZnØw
i_m-_n∂v Bb-Xn-\m¬ AXns\∏‰n ]cmXn ]d-bm\pw F\n-°-h-Imi-aps≠∂v Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂p. ImcWw 35 h¿j-ambn Rm≥ Ckvemlo
11

{]ÿm\ {]h¿Ø-I\mWv F∂XpXs∂.

tImem-l-e-ap-≠m-°p-∂-h-cm¿?
Ad^ hymgm-gvNtbm sh≈n-bm-gvNtbm F∂Xv hmZ-tIm-em-l-eambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®Xv i_m_pw PwC-ø-Øp¬ De-a-bp-am-W-t√m. Ah¿
D∂-bn® hmZ-ap-J-߃ \º-dn´v Rm≥ adp-]Sn \¬In-bXv i_m_v
178˛mw e°-Øn¬ \n߃ hmbn-®p. Ad^ hymgm-gvN-bmWv F∂p
h∂m¬ Xo¿®-bmbpw \yqaq¨ AYhm Aam-hmknsh®mWv amk-∏ndhn ]cn-KW
- n-®Xv F∂p-h∂
- p. sh≈n-bm-gvNb
- m-sW-¶ntem? sh≈n-bmgvN
Bh-W-sa-¶n¬ \nß-fpsS Bi-b-{]-Imcw Zp¬J-AZ 29∂v aKvcn_n∂v
lnem¬ ImW-Ww. F∂m¬ Hcp e£w kzlm-_n-I-fpsS IqsS bm{Xbn-em-bn´pw \_n(-k)- Zp¬J-AZ 29 ∂v aKvcn_v Pam-AØv \a-kvImcw
\o´n-sh®v amkw t\m°n-b-Xmbn Hcmƒt]mepw dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-´n-√.
\_n(-k)-B-sc-sb-¶nepw "amkw t\m°m≥' Npa-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xmbpw
dnt∏m¿´n-√. ]ns∂-sb-ßns\ Zp¬ln÷ amk-∏n-dhn Xocp-am-\n-®p-sh∂v
sI.-sP.-bp- t\Xm-°-fpsS te-J\w ap∂p-X-hW hmbn-®n´pw ImWm≥
km[n-®n-´n-√. lZokv hcpt∂ F∂v, sIm´n-tLm-jn-s®-¶nepw InXm_nse Hcp `mKw am{X-am-Wv I≠Xv. CXns\ lZokv Bbn ]WvUnX≥am¿ ]cn-K-Wn-°p-I-bn-√. B\ F∂v ]d™p Ipgn-bm-\sb ImWn®m¬ AXv hnh-ca
- p≈ i_m_v hmb-\°
- m¿ kzoI-cn-®p-sIm-≈p-sa∂Xv
auUy-am-Wv. BZyw amk-∏n-dhn Xocp-am-\n-°mw. H∂mw XnbXn \n›bn-®m-es√ 9˛mw XnøXn GXp Znh-k-am-bn-cp-s∂∂v Xocp-am-\n-°m≥
Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q. Ad^ hymgm-gvN-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂p sXfn-bn-°p∂
]tØmfw sXfn-hp-Iƒ Rm≥ \n-c-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. AXn¬ \n∂pw Xncs™-SpØv Nne-Xn\v adp-]S- n-sb-gpXn X߃ Pbn®p F∂v kzbw {]Jym]n-°p-∂-h¿ Xmsg sImSp-°p∂ hni-Zo-I-cWw IqSn {i≤n-°p-I.
1. apkvenw temIØv Pohn-°p∂ Htc-sbmcp hy‡n F∂Xp hy‡nI-fn¬ Hcmƒ F∂v XncpØn Fgp-Xm≥ Rm≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´n´v AXp-sNømsX aue-hn-am¿°v hna¿in-°m≥ Ah-kc
- s
- am-cp-°p-Ib
- mWv i_m_v
sNbvX-Xv.
tijw e°w 19-˛¬ B Hcp XncpØv {]kn-≤o-Ic
- n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.
AXn-\m¬ Cu ]cm-a¿i-Ø\v adp-]Sn Bh-iy-an-√. bp.-F.C `c-Wm-[nImcn am{X-a√ ]ecpw ktΩ-f\w tNcp-∂p-≠v. ]s£ h©n Xncp-\°c \n∂v "A\-ßp-∂n√' F∂p-am-{Xw. tIc-f-Øn¬ F{X ktΩ-f-\߃ \S-∂p. sI.-sP.-bp. Xs∂ F{X ktΩ-f-\-߃ \S-Øn. h©n
A\-ßntbm? hn.-Jp-¿B≥ kqd: Xu_ 36-˛mw Bb-Øn¬ Iev]n®n´p≈ A√m-lp-hns‚ InXm-_n¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb Ie-≠¿ `qan-bn¬
]p\x-ÿm-]n-°p-Ibpw AXv Pohn-X-Øn¬ ]I¿Øp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≈Xv "lnPvd IΩn‰n Hm^v C¥y' am{X-am-sW∂v temI-Øn-∂-dn-bmw.
AX√ a‰m-sc-¶nepw Ds≠-¶n¬ ImWn®p X∂m¬ kt¥m-j-am-Wv.
kDuZn Atd-_y-t]mepw Ie-≠¿ {]Im-c-a√ Imcy-߃ \S-Øp-∂-Xv.
12

2. lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bpsS {]Xn-Omb XI¿°m≥ i_m_v {ian-®m¬
hnP-bn-°p-sa∂p tXm∂p-∂n√. ImcWw Bt£]w ]d-bp-∂-h-cn¬ Hcp
hnizmkw P\-߃°v thW-at√m? lnPvd IΩn‰n ]d-bp∂Xv Jp¿-B\ns‚ shfn-®-am-Wv. AXv, A√m-lp-hns‚ kwc-£-W-Øn-em-Wv.
"Jmebpw Jo-ebpw am{X-at√ i_m-_n∂v JWvUn-X-amb {]am-Ww.
Jp¿-B-\n¬ \n∂pw Hcm-b-Øp-t]mepw sXfn-hmbn D≤-cn-®p-I-≠n-´n-√.
Jp¿-B≥ {]am-W-a-√m-Xmtbm sI.-sP.-bp-hn\v.
3. _en-s]-cp-∂mƒ sh≈n-bm-gvN-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂ C_v\p A∫mkns‚ dnt∏m¿´v ssiJv \mk-dp-±o≥ A¬_m\n icn-sh-®X
- mbn C_v\p
Iko¿(-d)-Xs‚ X^vkodn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.'' F∂ Fs‚
teJ-\-Ønse ]cm-a¿iw "C_v\p Iko¿ X^vkodn¬ ASn-°p-dn-∏mbn
tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂p' F∂v Xncp-Ø-W-sa∂v Rm≥ Bh-iy-s∏-´ncp-∂p. AXv Xncp-ØmsX {]kn-≤o-I-cn®v adp-]Sn FgpXn tIaØw \Sn°p-∂Xv A¥- m¿∂ \S-]-Sn-b-√. 25.10.10 \v Rm≥ i_m_v Hm^okn¬ \¬Inb teJ\w H∂-c-amkw Kth-jWw \SØn adp-]Sn Xømdm-°nb tijw Unkw-_¿ 3 \v Fs‚ adp-]Snbpw Unwkw-_¿ 10-˛\v
tIa-ambn AXn-\p≈ adp-]-Snbpw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xnse X´n∏v hmb-\°m¿ a\- n-em-°-Ww. teJ-\-ßfpw ]pkvX-I-ßfpw Fgp-Xn-b-t∏mƒ
kw`-hn® `mjm-]-c-amb sX‰p-Iƒ hyXn-bm-\-߃ B°m≥ {ian-®Xpw
BbXv a\-   n- e m- ° m≥ 19 ]Wv U n- X ≥am¿ ]pfn- ° - e n¬ tbmKw
tN¿∂Xpw ad-∂p-t]mtbm? Ah¿ FSpØ Xocp-am\w F¥m-bn-cp∂p?
X^vko-dns‚ ]pXnb ]Xn∏v Cd-°n-bh
- ¿ C_v\p A∫m-kv(d
- )-hns‚
lZokv kzlo-lm-sW∂v Adn-bp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v ssiJv A¬_m-\n(-d)A-Xns\ km£y-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv ASn-°p-dn-∏mbn \¬In. {]km-[I
- ¿ tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-bXv aqe{KŸ-Im-c≥ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xmbn Fgp-Xnb Hcp
`mjm-]-c-amb ]ni-ImtWm Ad^ sh≈n-bm-gvN-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂p-≈Xn∂v aue-hn-am¿°v sXfn-hv? hna¿i-I¿ \ntj-[n-t°-≠Xv A¬_m-\nbpsS km£y-s∏-Sp-Øe
- n-s\-bm-Wv. C_v\p A∫m-kv(d
- )-hns‚ dnt∏m¿´ns\-bm-Wv. AXn\v Xøm-dm-sW¶n¬ aXn-bmb sXfnhv lmP-dm-°p-I.
C_v\p Iko¿ Xs‚ {KŸ-Øn¬ Fgp-XnbXv FSp-Øp-Im-Wn-°m≥
Hcp tImSn C\mw {]Jym-]n-°p-∂n-√t- ]m-epw. sh√p-hn-fnbpw C\mw {]Jym]n-°-ep-sa√mw kz¥w hmZ-Øns‚ _e-lo-\X aqSn-sh-°m-\p≈ {iaØns‚ `mK-sa∂v aue-hn-am¿ ]d-bp-∂p. [oc-\mb ]WvUn-X\
- m-bn-cp∂p
Da¿au-e-hn. ap≥ sI.-sP.-bp.-{]-kn-U‚ v. At±lw \_n(-k) \a-kvImc
tijw Iq´p-{]m¿∞\ \S-Øn-bX
- mb Hcp Zp¿∫e lZo-sk-¶nepw lmPdm-°p-∂-h¿°v Hcp e£w cq] C\mw A∂p {]Jym-]n-®n-cp-∂p. Cu
aue-hn-am-cpsS bp‡n-bn¬ A∂sØ PwC-ø-Øp¬ Da-e-bpsS _elo-\X aqSn-sh-®-Xm-bn-cn°mw Da¿au-ehn!!.

sh√p-hnfn k¿∆{X
""hna¿in-°p∂htcm-sSms° G‰p-ap-´p∂ \ne-]m-SmWv ]e-t∏mgpw
13

I≠p-h-cp-∂-Xv.'' F∂v a≥kq-den sNΩmSv hna¿in-®n-cn-°p-∂p. ]q¿Wambpw sX‰mb Hcp ]cm-a¿i-am-Wn-Xv. P.-A-en-a-Wn-Iv^m≥ BtcmSpw
G‰p-ap-´m≥ t]mbn-´n-√. At±-l-Øn\v ]d-bm-\p-≈Xv At±lw ]WvUnX≥am-scbpw km[m-c-W-°m-tcbpw Hcp-t]mse t\cn¬ I≠p ]d-bp-Ibm-Wp≠m-b-Xv. \n¿`m-Ky-h-im¬ tIc-f-Ønse ]WvUn-X-k`Isfm∂pw
\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ IpØI Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂-h-c-S°w At±lw ]dbp-∂Xv tIƒ°p-Itbm N¿® sNøp-Itbm D≠m-bn-´n-√. t\cn´v hmZ{]-Xnhm-Z-Øn-∂mWv £Wn-®-Xv. AXn-ep--]cn-bmbn lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bpS
ho£-WsØ hnI-e-ambn Nn{Xo-I-cn®v AXn∂v adp-]Sn ]d™v P\ßsf hgn-sX-‰n-°p∂ \ne-]m-SmWv apPm-lnZv kwL-S-\-Iƒ kzoI-cn-®Xv. {]kvXpX KqUm-tem-N-\sb R߃ i‡n-bp‡w hna¿in-®n-´p≠v. aWn-Iv^m≥ "kl¿' Fs∂-gp-Xn-b-Xns\ Zpl¿ F∂v sX‰mbn
A®-Sn®v AXns\ hna¿in®v teJ-\-ß-sf-gp-Xnb ]mc-ºcyw i_m-_n∂p-≠v. A∂pw sX‰v Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n´v XncpØv sImSp-°m≥ i_m_v
Xøm-dm-bncp∂n√--. Ct∏mgpw AtX X{¥w XpS-c-∂p.
Kth-j-W-Øns‚ `mK-am-b√ Kth-j-W-Øns‚ ^e-am-bmWv lnPvd
Ie-≠¿ Xøm-dm-°n-b-Xv F∂v a≥kq-den a\- n-em-°-Ww. Ie-≠dns\°pdn® hna¿i-\-ß-sf√mw Ah-K-Wn®v ssZhn-I-sa∂v hnti-jn∏n-°p-∂-Xnse A]-I-Shpw {]am-W-ßsf adn-I-S-°p∂ Hcp {]mtbm-KnI-Xbpw ssZhn-I-amb Ckveman¬ Cs√∂ bmYm¿∞yhpw ]e-t∏mgpw
Cu kwL-S-\-bpsS {]h¿Ø-I¿ ]cn-K-Wn-®n-cp-∂n-√' F∂ a≥kq-d-enbpsS ]cm-a¿iw ip≤-amb Akw-_-‘-am-Wv. ImcWw (1) Ie-≠-dns\-°p-dn®v Imcy-amb Hcp hna¿i-\hpw apPm-lnZp kwL-S-\-Iƒ C∂phsc D∂-bn-®n-´n-√. adn®p Ie-≠¿ \yqaq¨ ASn-ÿm-\-Ønse D≠m°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp≈q F∂pw, Ie-≠¿ Bhmw ]s£ t\mºpw
s]cp-∂mfpw lnem¬ I≠v F∂p-amWv CXp-hsc hna¿i\ ]WvUnX≥am¿ ]d-™n-´p-≈X
- v. lnPvd Ie≠¿ ssZh Iev]n-Xa
- m-sW∂v hntijn-∏n-°p-∂X
- n¬ F¥v A]-IS- a
- m-Wp-≈s
- X∂v a≥kq-den ]d-bW
- w. {]amW-ßsf adn-I-S-°p∂p' F∂v At±lw Fgp-Xp-∂p. GXp {]am-Ww.
lnPvd Ie-≠¿ Ckvemanse auenI {]am-Wa
- mb hn.-Jp¿-B\
- nse 9.36,
2:189, 10:5, 55:5, 17:12, 36:39 XpS-ßnb hN-\-ßfpsS ASn-ÿm-\-ØnemWv Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≈X
- v. Cu Bb-Øp-Iƒ F¥mWp ]d-bp-∂s
- X∂v
a≥kq-den -]-Tn-°-Ww. Hcp Ie-≠¿ F∂p ]d-™m¬ AXv Pohn-XØn∂v D]-bp-‡-am-h-Ww. aX-]-c-am-b-tXm, `uXn-Itam Bb Hcp ImcyØn∂pw D]-Im-c-s∏-SmØ Ipsd A°-߃ {InkvXy≥ Ie-≠-dns‚
ASn-bn¬ sNdnb hSn-hn¬ tcJ-s∏-SpØn AXns\ Ckvemans‚
t]cn¬ ]cn- N - b - s ∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ - X mWv bYm¿∞-- Ø n¬ A]- I - S - I - c w.
AXmWv {]am-W-ßsf adn-I-S-°p-∂-Xv.

\yqaq-Wns\ Hmlcn sh°p∂p
15 h¿jw apºv Ad^ sh≈n-bm-gvN-bm-sW∂v aWn-Iv^m≥ Fgp14

Xn-bX
- mWv Ad^ sh≈n-bm-gvNb
- mWv F∂-Xn\v H∂m-asØ sXfn-hmbn
aue-hn-am¿ lmP-dm-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. amk-∏n-dhn \n›-bn-°p∂Xn¬
apkvenwIƒ°v henb A_≤w ]nW-™n-´p-s≠∂pw 29˛mw XnøXn
kqcym-kvX-a-b-tijw lnem¬ ImWpI km≤y-a-s√∂pw lnem-ens\
t\m°m-\√ lnem-ep-Isf AYhm N{µs‚ ImWm≥ km[n-°p∂ F√m
Ie-Ifpw \nco-£Ww \S-Øn-bmWv \_n(-k)-bpsS ImeØv XnøXn
\n›-bn-®-sX∂pw AXv IW-°p-Iq-´m≥ Adn-bm-Xn-cp-∂Xv sIm≠msW∂pw IW-°p-Iq-´m≥ ]Tn-®m¬ Ie-Iƒ t\mt°-≠-Xn-s√∂pw
IW°v kzoIm-cy-am-sW∂pw Jp¿-B-\n-s‚bpw kp∂-Øn-s‚bpw {]IrXn-]-T-\-ß-fp-sSbpw ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ apkvenw kap-Zm-bsØ t_m[h-XvI-c-°Ww \S-Øm≥ \_n(-k)-bpsS Ad^ GXp Znh-k-Øn-em-bncp∂p F∂v Kth-jWw \S-tØ-≠-Xn-√. ]c-ºcmK-X-ambn hniz-kn-®ph-∂-Xv teJ-\-ß-fn¬ Fgp-Xn-°m-Wpw. F∂m¬ \_n(-k)-bpsS Ad^
sh≈n-bm-gvNb
- m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw AXv 29-˛mw XnbXn aKvcn_n∂v lnem¬
ImWp-∂-Xn-∂p≈ sXfn-hm-sW∂v ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ AXns\
Ipdn®p ]Tn-t°-≠n-h-cp-∂p. Aßns\ ]Tn-®p-h-cp-tºmƒ a\- n-em-hp∂p. \_n(-k)-bpsS Ad^ hymgm-gvN-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂v. tIc-f-Ønse
PwC-øØ
- p¬ Dea {]mh¿Øn-Ia
- m-°n-bX
- p-t]mse kqcym-kvXa
- b
- Ø
- n\v
apºv N{µ≥ AkvX-an-®m¬ ASpØ Znhkw 30. kqcym-kvX-a-b-Øn\v
tijw N{µ-\-kvX-an-®m¬ ASpØ Znhkw H∂mw Xnb-Xn F∂ XXzw
JWvUn-°m≥ th≠n aZo-\-bn¬ kqcym-kvXab tijw N{µ-°e {]Xy£-am-hp-∂n-√, \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p-tºmƒ AhnsS A¿≤cm{Xn-bmWv
F∂p Rm≥ Fgp-Xn-b-Xns\ \yqaq-Wns‚ {]mtZ-inI ka-bw ]d™p
F∂p ]d-™p Xt≈≠-Xn-√. \yqaq¨ kabw {]mtZ-inI ka-b-Øn¬
]d-bp-∂Xv Aim-kv{Xobw Xs∂bmWv. Ad^ hymgm-gvN-bm-hp-tºmƒ
Ct∏mƒ \S-Øn-h-cp∂ lnem¬ Z¿i\w ]°m _nZv-A-ØmWv F∂pw
a°-bn¬ ^Pvdns‚ apºmbn \yqaq¨ D≠m-bm¬ ASpØ Znhkw
H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bm-sW-∂p-ap≈ lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bpsS BZ¿iw 100% icnbm-sW∂pw sXfn-bp-∂p. CXv ÿm]n-°m-\mWv Rm≥ sI.-sP.-bp.-hnizm-k-{]-Im-c-ap≈ lnem-ens‚ P\\w hni-Zo-I-cn-®-Xv. Zp¿hym-Jym\w
sNbvXv am\w Im°m≥ {ian-°p-tºmƒ CØcw A_-≤-߃ kzm`mhn-Ia
- m-Wv.
a≥kq-den kmln_v Fgp-Xp-∂p. ""BtKmf kabw Hcp Rmb-dmgvN
23.50 \v \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p-∂p-sh-∂v Icp-Xp-I. kzm`m-hn-Ia
- mbpw lnPvd
IΩn-‰n-bpsS hmZ-a-\p-k-cn®v Xn¶-fmgvN temI-sa-ºmSpw H∂mw XnøXn-bmhpw. F∂m¬ Rmb-dmgvN Hcp kq-cy-{K-lWw IqSn kw`-hn-°p∂p-sh∂v sh°p-I. \yqaqWpw kqcy-{K-l-Whpw H∂p Xs∂-bm-W-t√m.
Rmb-dmgvN 23.50 F∂Xv sh√n-MvS-Wn¬ {]mtZ-inI kabw Xn¶-fmgvN
D®°v 11.50 ∂mWv. H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bn-te°v {]th-in®v F-{Xtbm aWn°q-dp-Iƒ Ign-™mWv AtX H∂mw XnøXnbpsS Bcw-`-am-\-Z-WvUamb \yqaq¨ Ah¿°-\p-`-hs∏-´Xv. C{]-Imcw amk-ßsf ]nt∂m´p
15

am‰m≥ F¥v sXfn-hmWv aX-Øn-ep-≈Xv''

im^nCu(d) F¥p-]-d-bp-∂p.
`qan-im-kv{X-hpw, tKmf-im-kv{Xhpw \mhn-tK-j\pw a‰pw ]Tn®
]WvUn-X-∑m¿ N¿® sNtø-≠p∂ hnj-b-am-Wn-Xv. Hcp JWvUnI
sIm≠v hni-Zo-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. Bb-Xn-\m¬ IqSp-X¬ ]Tn-°m≥
B{K-ln-°p-∂-h¿°v lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp-I. aX-]-c-amb
CXns‚ hn[n Camw im^nCu(-d)-kw-i-bØn-∂n-S-bn-√mØ hn[w hniZo-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v.

≈a ™≤j ’ ¬``fCG ¿ƒªYõj º¡fC’ áÄ«¡dG πgCG ≈∏Y OQ ≈ah
~«©``dG ´ƒ``bh ≈©aÉ```°ûdG ¢Vô``a ~bh IQƒcòŸG äÉbhC’G
πgCG ∫ƒb ≈∏Y ~ªàYG øe ¢ ©H ¬°VÎYGh É©e ±ƒ°ùµdGh
¢VΩ``ŸG ∫ƒ`b ™a~`d ≈©aÉ°ûdG ÜÉë``°UCG Ü~àfGh áÄ«¡dG
GƒHÉ°UÉa
tKmf-im-kv{X-⁄≥am¿ ta¬ ]d-™-Xp-t]m-ep≈ ka-b-ß-fn¬
amk-∏n-dhn Bbn-Øo-cp-Ib
- n-s√∂p hmZn-®n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ CuZpw {KlW-ßfpw Hcp-an-®p-≠m-Ip-sa∂v Camw im^n-Cu(-d) Dd-∏n®p ]d-™p.
At∏mƒ imkv{Xm-h-ew-_n-I-fm-bn-cp-∂-h¿ AXns\ FXn¿Ø-t∏mƒ
im^nCu(d)-bpsS injy≥am¿ AXns\ JWvUn-°p-Ibpw A{]-Imcw
kw`-hn-®Xv ÿnco-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.'' (^-Ø-lp¬ _mcn hmfyw:
3, t]Pv: 634).
Hcp s]cp-∂m-fns‚ \yqaq-WmWv 23.50 ∂v D≠m-b-sX-¶n¬ AhnsS
{KlWw kw`-hn-°p-tºmƒ sh√nw-KvSW
- n¬ CuZvKmlv \S-Øn-bn-cn-°pw.
AXv icn-bm-sW∂v Camw im^nCu(-d)-]-d-bp-∂Xv GXp \q‰m-≠n-emsW∂v Hm¿°-Ww. Zn\-am-‰-tcJ ÿnXn sNøp∂ {]kvXpX {]tZ-iØv
]Sn-™m-dns‚ \nbaw Ing-°n∂v _m[-I-a-s√∂pw Camw im^nCu(-d)hy-‡a
- m-°n-bn-´p-≠.v aKvcn_n\v lnem¬ ImW-Ws
- a∂ hmZ-Øn\pw \yqaqWn∂v Ckveman¬ F¥v {]k‡n F∂v tNmZn-°p-∂-h¿°pw IqSnbp≈ adp-]-Sn-bmWv Camw im^nCubpsS ^Xvh. \yqaq-Wns‚ sXfnhm-bm-W-t√m Ad^ sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv. BZyw Ad^ H∂p-IqSn ]cn-tim[n°mw: tijw \yqaq-Wpw.

Ad^ hymgmgvN Xs∂
ChnsS c≠p-Xcw {]tbm-K-߃ lZo-kn¬ h∂n-´p-≠v. Da¿(-d)-hn¬
\n∂v Xs∂ c≠v dnt∏m¿´pw D≠m-bn-´p-≠v. buap¬ PpapA F∂pw
16

ssee-Øp¬ PpapA F∂pw. CXv c≠pw H∂m-sW-∂mWv auehnam¿
]d-bp-∂-Xv. ""buap¬ PpapA' F∂m¬ sh≈n-bmgvN: "buap PwC'
F∂p ]d-™m¬ Bfp-Iƒ Hcp-an®p IqSnb Zn\w. kqd iwknse
"buap¬ PwC' ]c-tem-IØv Hcp-an®p IqSp-∂-Xns\ kw_-‘n-®-XmWv. kqd Jnbm-a-bn¬ 7˛9 Bb-Øp-Ifn¬ N{µ\v {KlWw kw`hn-°pIbpw kqcy\pw N{µ\pw Hcp-an®p Iq´--s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬(-PqanA»wkv h¬J-a¿) F∂p {]tbm-Kn-®Xpw ImWmw. ssee-Øp¬
PpapA F∂m¬ sh≈n-bm-gvN-cm-hv. "Cuhv' F∂v Cw•ojn¬ ]d-bp∂p. Ieym-W-cm-hv, s]cp-∂mƒ cmhv, sh≈n-bmgvN cmhv. AtX t]mse
sh≈n-bmgvN cm{Xn F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv sh≈n ]I¬ Ign™p hcp∂
cm{Xn-sb-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ ssee-Øp¬ PpapA F∂Xn∂v sh≈n-bmgvN
Znhkw F∂m-Wv aue-hn-am¿ A¿Yw \¬Ip-∂Xv. CsXm-c-\¿Y-am-Wv.
Hmtcm kµ¿`w hcp-tºmƒ Hmtcm Xcw A¿Yw ]d-b-cp-Xv. "sseeØp¬ JZ¿' H‰ cm{Xn-I-fn-emWv. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v da-Zm≥ 27 ]I-en∂p
apºp≈ cm{Xntbm tij-ap≈ cm{Xntbm 27-˛mw cmhv? ]I-en∂p tijap≈ cm{Xn-bm-sW-¶n¬ 29˛mw cmhv F∂m-bn-cn-°pw. s]cp-∂m-fns‚
apºp≈ cm{Xnsbm ? t\mºns‚ cmhp-Iƒ t\mºns‚ apºn-ep≈ cm{Xnbm-Wv. t\mºv Ign-™p≈ cm{Xn-b√. 30˛mw t\mºv Ign-™p≈ cm{Xn.
""ssee-Øp¬ CuZv'' BWv. A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo-\n-bpsS \yqaqWpw
amk-∏n-dhnbpw F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ (t]Pv 129) Bbn-im(-d)-bn¬
\n∂p≈ Hcp lZokv D≤-cn-®n-´p-≠v. A_q-_-°¿(-d)-tcmK iø-bn¬
sh®v Bbn-i(-d)-bp-ambn \S-Ønb kw`m-j-Wam-Wv. \_n(-k)-h-^mØmb Xn¶-fmgvN Xs∂ X\n°pw ac-W-s∏-S-W-sa∂ B{Klw A_q_-°¿(-d)-{]-I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂p. tijw Bbn-i(-d)-]-d-bp-∂-Xv. ""Xn¶-fmgvN
sshIn kn≤o- J v ( - d )- h - ^ m- X m- b n. A∂p cm{Xn sNm∆m- g v N - b psS
kp_vln∂p apºmbn I_-d-S°n'' F∂mWv. ChnsS sNm∆m-hvN-cmhv
F∂ A¿Y-Øn¬ (sse-eØp kem-k) F∂mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. aZo\n
lZo-kns\ Cßns\ ]cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. Aßs\ At±-lw(-Xn-¶fmgvN sshIp-t∂-cw) sNm∆mgvN cm{Xn ac-W-s∏-Sp-Ibpw kp_vlns‚
apºv At±-lsØ J_¿ AS-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.(-_p-Jm-cn). ""Xn¶-fmgvN
AkvXa
- n® cm{Xn-°mWv Bbn-i(-d)-sNm-∆mgvN cm{Xn F∂p hy‡-ambn
]d-™-Xv.''(-t]Pv: 130). Ckveman¬ Zn\w Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xv ^P¿
apX¬°mWv F∂-Xns‚ IqSn sXfn-hmWv ta¬ kw`-hw.
hfsc hy‡-amWv aZo\n ]d-™-Xv. Xn¶-fmgvN AkvX-an® cm{Xn°mWv sNm∆mgvNcmhv F∂p ]d-bp-∂X
- v. hymgmgvN AkvXa
- n® cm{Xn°v
sh≈n-bmgvN cmhv F∂pw ]d-bp-∂p. _pJm-cn-bn¬ [mcm-f-ambn D≤cn® lZokv ssee-Øp¬ Ppap-A(-sh-≈n-bmgvN cmhv) F∂m-Wv. C_v\p
A∫m-kv(d
- )-]d
- ™
n-´p-≈Xv _en-s]-cp-∂mƒ sh≈n-bmgvNbmWv F∂mWv. AXm-bXv Ad^ hymgm-gvN. Da¿(-d)-bn¬ \n∂pw dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX
[mcmfw lZo-kp-I-fn¬ ssee-Øp¬ PpapA F∂m-Wp-≈-Xv. buap¬
PpapA F∂ Da¿(-d)s‚ -l-Zo-kns\ Cu kml-N-cy-Øn¬ ]cn-K-Wn17

°p-tºmƒ ""Bfp-Iƒ ktΩ-fn® Ad-^m-Zn\w'' F∂p a\- n-em-°p-∂Xm-Wv bp‡-`-{Zw. hymgm-gvN-bpsS {]m[m\yw Dƒs°m-≈msX cmPm°≥am¿ Ncn{Xw am‰n sh≈n-bm-gvN-sb∂v XncpØn Fgp-Xp-Ibpw
AXn\v tijw P\n® ]WvUn-X≥am¿ Da¿(-d)-hns‚ lZokv sh≈nbmgvN F∂v A¿Yw \¬In-b-Xmbpw am{Xta a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ibp-≈q.
\_n(-k)-bpsS P∑-Zn-\hpw CØ-c-Øn¬ am‰w h∂-Xm-Wv. \_n(k)-P-\n® Znhkw Hcp N{µ{K-l-W-ap-≠m-b-Xmbpw A∂v ]u¿Wan
Bbn-cp-s∂∂pw Ncn-{X-Øn-ep-≠v. _Z-dp¬ lpZm auen-Zn-ep-≈X
- v. AXmbXv \_n(-k)-P-\n-®Xv d.-A-∆¬ 14 Xn¶-fmgvN {]`m-X-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p.
lnPvd h¿jm-cw-`-amb 1.1.1 Dw Ad-^bpw a‰pw sX‰n-b-Xp-t]mse \_nZn-\hpw sX‰n-bn-´p-≠v. \yqaq¨ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ IW°p Iq´n-bm¬
BH.56 d.-A∆
- ¬ 14 Xn¶-fmgvN Bbn-cp∂p \_n(-k)-`q-Pm-X\
- m-bX
- v F∂Xv
ÿnc-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]WvUn-X≥am¿°pw sX‰p-]-‰p-sa∂v aZo\n Xs∂
Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠t-- √m. AX√ sh≈n-bmgvN Ad^ Bh-W-sa-¶n¬ aZo\n-bpsS hnizm-k-{]-Imcw Zp¬J-AZv 29 \v amkw ImW-W-a-t√m. amkw
I≠-Xmbn sXfn-hn-√. Ds≠-¶n¬ B {]amWw D≤-cn-°-s´. 30 ]q¿Ønbm-°n-bm¬ Ad^ i\n-bm-gvN-bm-h-Ww. AXmcpw AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√.
AXn-\m¬ \ap°v Dd-∏n-®p-]-dbmw buap-A-d^ hymgm-gvN-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
"A¬bu-a AIva¬Øp e
- °pw' F∂ BbXv Ad^ Zn\-Øn¬ sshIo´mWv Ah-X-cn-®-Xv. Aßns\ hcp-tºmƒ Xo¿-®bmbpw \yqaq-Wns‚
]ns‰-Zn-hkw Zp¬ln÷ H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \yqaq-Wns‚ IW°v
A°m-eØv A√mlp shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√ ]ns∂ Fßs\ amk-∏ndhn \n›-bn-®-Xv \yqaq-Wns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-sW∂v ]d-bm-\m-hpw
Fs∂mcp kwibw D≠m-hmw. \_n(-k)-Po-hnXw Fßn-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p
F∂ kwi-b-Øn\v Bbn-i(-d)-]-d-™p. ""\_n(-k)-bpsS PohnXw Jp¿B-\m-bn-cp-∂p'' F∂v. Jp¿-B≥ \_n(-k)-bn-eqsS A√m-lp(-kp)-A-hX-cn-∏n-®p. AXv A£cw {]Xn IWn-i-ambn ]men°p-∂-h-cmWv
apkvenwIƒ. Jp¿-B-\n-s∂-Xn-cmbn \_n(-k)-{]-h¿Øn®p F∂v Nn¥n°p-∂-Xp-t]mepw ]m]-am-Wv.
At∏mƒ l÷ns‚ XnbXn \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xn¬ Jp¿-B≥ F¥p
]d-bp∂p F∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°W
- w. AXn-∂\
- p-kc
- n®v lZo-kp-Iƒ hymJym\n-°-Ww. Jp¿-B≥ 2:189 ¬ ]d-™p. ""N-{µ-°-e-Iƒ (A-ln-√) a\pjy¿°v s]mXp Bh-iy-߃°pw l÷ns‚ Imew \n›-bn-°p-∂Xn∂pw Xnb-Xn-Iƒ ImWn-°p∂p'' F∂v. N{µ-°-e-Iƒ H∂p-ap-X¬
FÆn 8˛mw Znhkw "buap-Ø¿hnb' 9˛mw Znhkw buap Ad^ 10˛mw
Znhkw "buap-∂-l¿' 11, 12, 13 "Aømap-ØivcoJv' 14, 15, 16 "Aøm-ap¬
_ofv.(-A-øm-ap¬ _ofv t\mºns‚ Ime-am-Wv. Aøm-ap-ØivcoJv s]cp∂m-fn-s‚-bpw). XivcoJpw, _ofpw ]c-kv]cw Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ ]mSn-√.
18

AXv Jp¿-B≥ ]mT-Øn∂p hncp-≤-am-Wv. Jp¿-B-\nI \nb-aw, imkv{Xob-am-Wv, {]Ir-Xn-Z-Ø-am-Wv. CXv {]hm-N-I-Xn-cp-ta-\n(-k)-ew-Ln®p
F∂mWv aue-hn-am¿ sXfn-bn-°m≥ hn^-e-{iaw \SØn t\m°n-b-Xv
(\DuZp _n√) R-ßfXp hniz-kn-°p-∂n√. ImcWw {]hm-NI PohnXw
Jp¿-B-\n-I-am-Wv. Hcn-°epw N{µ-°-e-Iƒ ImWn®p Xcp∂ XnbXn
sX‰n®v \_n(-k)-l÷v \S-Øp-Ib
- n-√. \_n(-k)-bpsS l÷v hymgmgvN
Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

\yqaq-Wn\v Ckveman¬ ÿm\-apt≠m?
\yqaq¨ Ie-≠¿ hmZ-Øns‚ \s´-s√m-Sn-™p-In-S-°p-sa∂ Hcp
hmNIw aue-hn-am¿°v Fßns\ Fgp-Xm≥ km[n-®p F∂mWv
A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. Hcp Ie-≠¿ D≠m-°-W-sa-¶n¬ AXnse
Znh- k - ß ƒ, amk- ß - f psS XpS°w XpS- ß n- b - h - b psS lnkm_v(Calculation)\-S-ج \n¿_-‘-am-Wv. lnkm_v \yqaq¨ ASnÿm-\-Ønse Ign-bq F∂v lnPvd IΩn-‰n-bp-ambn kwhmZw \SØnb Ckv e mlo ]Wv U n- X ≥am¿ Xs∂ kΩ- X n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v .
t\mºn∂pw s]cp-∂m-fn∂pw IW°v ]‰n-√, ImgvN thWw Ft∂
Ah¿ ]d-™n-´p-≈q. \yqaq¨ Ie-≠¿ A√msX ImgvN-bpsS Ie≠¿ D≠m-°m≥ Ign-bn-s√∂v i_m-_v-˛-kp-√-ap- emw Ie-≠¿
Xs∂ sXfn-hs√? \nß-fpsS Ie-≠-dp-I-fnse Xnb-Xnbpw Bcm[\m\pjvTm-\-߃ \S-Øp∂Xpw XΩn¬ bmsXmcp _‘-hp-an-√t√m. aue-hn-am¿°v Ign-bp-sa-¶n¬ Hcp ImgvN Ie-≠¿ Xøm-dm°n
Ah-Xcn∏n°Ww. \n߃°-Xn\v Ign-bn-√. \yqaq-Wns\ kw_‘n® aue-hn-am-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-ßfpw bmYm¿∞ hkvXp-X-Ifpw
Xmsg hnh-cn-°mw. ImcWw N{µ-am-k-Øns‚ Ãm¿´nwKv t]mb‚ v
BWv hnj-b-a¿aw F∂v Ah¿ hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. AXmWv
kXyw. Ad-^-bpsS Znhkw N¿®-bm-hp-∂Xv hnj-b- a¿a-Øn-∂p≈
sXfn-hm-bn-´m-Wt√m?
1. Akvt{Sm-W-an-°¬ \yqaqtWm {Ik‚ v \yqaqtWm?
\yqaq-Wn\v Cßns\ Hcp hn`-P\w icn-b-√. c≠p \yqaqWpw
H∂p Xs∂-bm-Wv. N{µ≥ Hcp amkw sIm≠v `qansb Hcp {]mhiyw
hew-sh-bv°p-∂p. kqcy\pw `qanbv°pw CS-bn¬ N{µ≥ Hcp t\¿tcJ-bn¬ FØp-tºm-gmWv kqcy-{K-l-Ww, \yqaq¨, I¨N-£≥
Fs∂√mw ]d-bp∂ {]Xn-`mkw \S-°p-∂-Xv. \yqaq-Wn\v apºv kqcy{]-Imiw N{µs‚ Ing-°p-h-i-Øp X´p-∂-Xn-\m¬ AXns‚ c≠‰w
]Sn-™m-tdm´v e£y-an-Sp∂p. \yqaq¨ \S∂p Ign-™m¬ kqcy{]-Imiw N{µs‚ ]Sn-™mdphiØv X´p-∂-Xn-\m¬ AXns‚
c≠‰w Ing-t°m´p e£y-an-Sp-∂p. Cßs\ {Ik‚ns‚ cq]w \yqtam19

20

05.1.11 \v
k^¿ ˛1
2.7.11 \v
iA-_m≥-˛1
30.8.11 \v
i∆m¬ ˛1

16.01.10 \v
apldw 01
07.11.10 \v
Zp¬ln-PP ˛01

06.23

06.58

06.44

02.33pm 06.18

02.24pm 06.54

08.34am 06.39

04.01.2011
09.03
apldw 29
01.07.2011
08.54
dP-_v-˛29
29.08.2011
03.04
da-fm≥˛30

06.05
10.22am 06.01

16.01.2010
\v apldw 01
07.11.10 \v
Zp¬ln÷ 1
sI.-sP.-bp-hn\v
Z¬J-AZ 30
05.1.11 \v
k^¿ ˛1
2.7.2011
iA-_m≥-˛1
30.8.2011 \v
i∆m¬ ˛1
06.30
12.41pm 06.22

15.01.2010
7.11
apldw˛29
06.11.2010
04.52
Zp¬J-AZ
29

lnPvd
Ie-≠-dn¬
i_m_v
kp√-ap- emw
Ie-≠-dp-I-fn¬

lnPvd amkm-cw`w

\yqaq¨ \yqaq¨ tImgn- tImgn{InkvXy≥ BtKmf C¥y≥ t°m´v t°mSv
Ie-≠-dnse ka-b- ka-b- kqcym- N{µmXnbXn
Øn¬ Øn¬ kvX- kvXabw abw

tWmSp IqSn amdp-∂p.
\yqaqWpw N{µ-°-ebpw kw_-‘n®v Hcp ]mSv A_-≤-[m-c-WIƒ aue-hn-am¿°p≠v. imkv{X-]-WvUn-X≥amsc kao-]n®v Imcyw
]Tn-°p-I am{X-amWv {]Xn-hn-[n. \yqaq-Wn\p tijw 16 aWn-°q¿
Ign™v ]Sn-™md≥ N{I-hm-f-Øn¬ DZbw sNøp-∂-XmWv \h
N{µ≥ F∂v A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo\n Xs‚ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬(-t]Pv
38) ]d-bp-∂Xv `oam-_-≤-am-Wv. \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p-∂-tXm-Sp-IqSn
lnemepw P\n-°p-∂p F∂XmWv bmYm¿∞yw. am{X-a-√, N{µ≥
]Sn-™mdv DZbw sNøp-∂n-√, Ing-°mWv DZn-°p-∂-Xv. ]Sn-™mdv
AkvX-an-°p-I-bp-am-Wv. aKvcn_v F∂m¬ Xs∂ AkvX-an-°pI,
AkvX-an-°p-∂Xv Fs∂-√m-amWp A¿∞-sa-∂p-t]mepw auehn ad∂p-t]m-bn. kwi-b-ap-s≠-¶n¬ 1982se ^tdm°v apPm-lnZv ktΩf\ tkmh-\o-dn¬ s{]m^.-sI.-A-l-ΩZv Ip´n kmln_v Fgp-Xnb
teJ\w Hcm-h¿Øn hmbn®p t\m°p-I. At±lw Fgp-Xp-∂p.
""\yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p-∂-tXmsS ]pXnb amkw ]nd-°p-I-bm-bn. Hcp
\yqaq-Wn-\p tijw lnem¬ Zriy-am-Ip-hm≥ ASpØ kqcym-kvXabw hsc ImØn-cn-°-Ww.''(t]Pv 102). Hcp ÿeØv \yqaq¨
kw`-hn-°p-tºmƒ kqcym-kvX-abw \S-°p∂ ÿeØv lnem¬
{]Xy- £ - s ∏- S p- ∂ p. Al- Ω Zv Ip´n kmln- _ n- t \- ° mƒ tKmfimkv{Xw ]Tn-®-h-cmtWm Ct∏m-gsØ sI.-sP.-bp-hn-ep-≈-sX∂v
F\n-°-dn-™q-Iq-Sm. Al-ΩZv Ip´n kmln_v lnem¬ IΩn‰n cq]oI-cn-®Xp apX¬ At±lw acn-°pthmfw AXns‚ P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn-bm-bn-cp-∂p F∂m-W-dn-hv. IW°v kzoIm-cy-am-sW-∂v At±lw
Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v, {]kw-Kn-®n-´p-≠v. ]s£ \yqaq¨ {]mtZ-inI kab-Øn-te°v am‰n-∏-d-bp-∂Xv icn-b-s√∂v R߃ At±lsØ Adnbn-®n-cp-∂p-sh-¶nepw AtX-°p-dn®p ]Tn-°m≥ At±-l-Øn\p kabw
e`n-®n-√.(A-√mlp At±-l-Øn\v aKv^ndØpw a¿l-aØpw \¬Ipam-dm-I-s´).
imkv{Xob lnPvd Ie-≠¿ Xøm-dm°n {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m≥ Aen
aWn-Iv^m-\ns\ D]-tZ-in-®Xv Al-ΩZv Ip´n-km-ln-_m-Wv. lnPvd
Ie-≠-dns‚ BZy {]Xn sI.-sP.bp ap≥ {]kn-U‚ v a¿lqw sI.-Da¿ aue-hn°p \¬In-s°m≠v ssiJv A_vZp- -aZv A¬ JmXn_v
BWp {]Im-i\w sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv. F∂Xpw {]kvXm-hy-am-Wv.
(i_m_v Ie-≠dpw \yqaq-Wns‚ ASpØ Znhkw ]pXp-amkw
XpS-ßn-b-Xmbn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v. DZm-l-cWw ImWp-I(-a-\- nem-Ip-∂-Xn\v {]mtZ-inI ka-bhpw \¬Inbn-cn-°p∂p).

21

ta¬ sImSpØ hnh-cW
- {- ]-Imcw \yqaq-Wns‚ ASpØ Znhkw H∂mw
Xnb-Xn-bm-sW∂v i_m_v ˛ kp√-ap- emw ˛ A¬a-\m¿ Ie-≠-dp-Ifn¬ ImWn-°p-∂p. \yqaq¨ Znhkw Xs∂ AtX \nan-jØ
- n¬ lnem¬
P\n-°p-sa∂v R߃ ]d-bp-tºmƒ At∂ Znhkw IÆp-sIm≠v
lnem¬ ImWp-sa-∂mWv ta¬ Ie-≠-dp-Iƒ ImWn-°p-∂-Xv. aue-hnam¿ ]d-bp-∂-XmtWm Ah-cpsS Ie-≠-dp-Iƒ ImWn-°p-∂-XmtWm
kXyw? hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-I.
\yqaq¨ Znhkw ]I¬ ka-bØv Ccp≠ N{µs\ ImWp-∂-Xns\
Ipdn®v Cam-ap-am¿ N¿® sNbvXn-´p-≠v. aZo-\n-bpsS ]pkvXIw 96, 97
t]Pp-I-fn¬ AXv hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. Jp¿Xzp_n 2/294, ^X-lp¬
_mcn 5/595, A¬ aPvaqAv 6/289, XpS-ßnbhbn¬ aZo\n D≤-cn-°p∂p-≠v. kwip-≤-amb \oem-Im-i-Øn¬ ]≠p-Im-eØv \yqaq¨ Znhkw
]I¬ khm-en∂p c≠p aWn-°q¿ apºpw ]nºp-ambn N{µ-°e ImWm≥
km[n-®n-cp-∂p-h-s{X. A¥-co-£ aen-\o-I-cWw ImcWw \oem-Imiw
\ap°v \jvS-s∏-´p-t]m-bn. \yqaqWpw lnemepw Hcp-an®p kw`-hn-°p∂p
F∂p a\- n-em-°m≥ Ht∂m ct≠m h¿jsØ i_m_v Ie-≠-dn¬
sImSpØ IW°v am{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ aXn.
2. temI-Øp≈ H´p-an° cmPy-ßfpw P\-ßfpw B[m-c-am-°p-∂Xv
lnem-en-s\-bmWv'' F∂v Fgp-Xn-bX
- n∂v C¥y, _w•m-tZ-iv, ]mIn-ÿm≥
F∂o cmPy-߃ am{Xta lnem¬ I≠-tijw amkw XpS-ßp-∂p≈q
F∂v Rm≥ Fgp-Xn-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ F√m-hcpw lnem¬ am\-Z-WvUam-°p-∂p. \yqaq¨ F∂p ]d-bp-∂n√ F∂-XmWv aue-hn-am-cpsS adp-]Sn. lnem-ens\ \· t\{Xw sIm≠v ImW-W-sa∂v hmin-]n-Sn®p X¿°n°p∂ lnem¬ IΩn‰n/ sI.-sP.bp XpSßn Hcp kwL-S-\bpw Hcp
cmPy- ° mcpw \·- t \{Xw sIm≠v lnem¬ ImWp- ∂ n- √ , AYhm
ImWmsX I≠p F∂p Ifhp ]d-bp-I-bm-sW∂pw C¥ym D]-`q-JWvU-Øn¬ am{Xw (tIc-f-sam-gn-sI), IÆp-sIm≠v I≠-tijw amkw
XpS-ßp-∂p-sh-∂p-ap≈ kXyw aue-hn-am¿ aqSn-sh-°m≥ {ian-®n´v Imcyan-√. AXmWp kXyw. 2006¬ Hcp an\p-´ns‚ AkvX-ab hyXym-kØn¬ t]mepw tImgn-t°mSv amk-∏n-dhn Xocp-am-\n-®n-´p-≠v. CXv CPvXnlm-Zns‚ {]iv\-a-√. Ata-cn-°-bnepw bqtdm-∏nepw hnjbw CPvXn-lmZn-bm-Wv. ImcWw Ah¿ IÆp-sIm≠v ImW-Ws
- a∂v ]d-bp-∂n-√. ImWm\p≈ {]mbw Bbm¬ aXn F∂ IW-°mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬
kDuZn Atd-_ybpw tIcf ke-^n-Ifpw ]d-bp-∂-X√ {]mh¿Øn-Iam-°p-∂-Xv. BIm-i-Øp-≠m-bm¬ aXn, F∂n-s´mcp I≈-km-£yhpw:
CXn-s∂-hn-sS-bmWv sXfnhv? AXmWv hnj-bØ
- ns‚ a¿aw. lnPvd IΩn‰nbpw lnem-ens\ Xs∂-bmWv am\-Z-WvU-am-°p-∂-Xv. Al-ΩZv Ip´n
kmln_v Fgp-XnbXpt]mse \yqaq¨ kw`-hn® tijw kqcym-kvXabw \S-°p-∂n-SØv lnem¬ {]Xy-£-am-hp-∂p. AXn-\m¬ ASpØ
Znhkw amk-Øns‚ H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bm-bn-cn-°pw.
3. ""\yqaq¨ F∂-Xn\v Ad-_n-bn¬ almJv F∂mWp ]d-bp-∂-Xv''
22

F∂ {]kvXm-h\ BSns\ ]´n-bm-°-em-Wv. \yqaq¨ F∂Xv Hcp \nanj-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. aplmJv F∂Xv aZo\n Xs∂ Xs‚
]pkvX-I-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv ""N{µ-am-k-Ønse Ah-km-\sØ ct≠m
aqt∂m Znh-k-ap≈ N{µ-s\-∏-‰n-bmWv aplmJv F∂p ]d-bpI''(t]Pv
24)-F-∂m-Wv. C_v\p Iko¿ 3:702-˛¬ Cßns\ hni-Zo-I-cn-®n-´p-≈-Xmbn
aZo\n t]Pv 25-˛¬ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p. Xm≥ Xs∂ Fgp-Xn-bXv aZo\n
ad-∂p-t]mtbm? AtXm adhn \Sn-°p-∂pthm?
4. ""Jp¿-B≥ 2:189 ¬ Aln√ P\-߃°v l÷n∂pw ka-b-\n¿Wb-Øn-\p-ap≈ am\-ZW
- U
v a
- m-W.v '' F∂v aue-hn-am¿ Fgp-Xp-∂p. ""ahmJoØ
en∂mkn h¬ l÷v' F∂mWv hN-\w. N{µ-°-e-Iƒ P\-ß-ƒ°pw
l÷n∂pw Xnb-Xn-Iƒ°v \nZm-\-am-Wv F∂mWv icn-bmb A¿∞w.
ka-b-Øn-∂-√. Cu Bb-Øns\ \_n(-k)-hn-i-Zo-I-cn-®p. ""N{µ-°-eIsf A√mlp P\-߃°v Xnb-Xn-I-fpsS am\-Z-WvU-ambn \n›-bn-®ncn-°p-∂p. Ah-bp-sS(-N-{µ-°-e-Iƒ)-Zr-iy-X-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬
\n߃ t\mºp-Xp-S-ßp-Ibpw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I.'' kab
\n¿W-bØ
- n\v kqcys\ Bkv]Z- a
- m-°m-\mWv A√mlp ]d-™n-´p-≈Xv.(kqd: C{kmAv: 78) Bb-Xn\v N{µ-°-e-Iƒ am\-Z-WvU-am-°m≥ IgnbpI-bn-√.
5. ""taLm-hr-Xa
- m-bm¬ 30 ]q¿Øn-bm-°pI F∂v Blzm\w sNbvXncn-°p∂p'' F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. KzpΩv F∂ ]Z-Øn∂v ad-bv°s
- ∏-´m¬ F∂mW¿∞w. amkm-h-km\w Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ Imcy-amWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. ag°m¿ aqSn-bm¬ 30 ]q¿Øn-bm-°m-\mWp I¬∏-\-sb-¶n¬ sI.-sP.bp
\nc-¥-c-ambn {]kvXpX Iev]\ ewLn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. C°-gn™
CuZp¬^n-Xz¿ N{I-hmfw I\Ø ag-°m¿ aqSn-bn´pw sI.-sP.-bp.-lnem¬ t\m°m≥ ]d-bp-Ibpw Im∏mSv ImWp-Ibpw sNbvXp. temIØv
ag-°m-dp-≠m-hmØ Htc-sbmcp ÿew Im∏m-Smbn amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. H∂pIn¬ \n߃ Cu lZokv ]d-bm-Xn-cn-°p-I. AX-s√-¶n¬ ag-°m¿
Ds≠¶n¬ 30 ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ Blzm\w sNøp-I. A∂v t\m°mt\
]d-b-cp-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. CS°v auehn kXyw Fgp-Xn-t∏m-Ip-∂p-≠v. ""A∂v
lnem¬ {]Xy-£-am-bn-s√-¶n¬ B amkw ap∏Xp ]q¿Øn-bm-°m\pw
\n¿t±-in-°p-∂p.'' AsX lnem¬ {]Xy-£-am-hpI BbXv ÿnc-s∏SpI F∂-XmWv ASn-ÿm\w. ImW-e√
- . CXn¬ X¿°-an-√t√m. lnem¬
IÆp-sIm≠v ImW-W-sa∂Xpw A{]mtbm-Kn-I-sa∂v kzbw t_m[yamb kwKXn ]d-bp-Ibpw AXn-s\-Xn-cmbn {]h¿Øn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂-Xn--epamWv sX‰p-≈-Xv. AXmWv hna¿in-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.
6. ""\_n(-k)-am-\-Z-WvU-am-°m≥ Blzm\w sNbvXXv lnem-en-s\bm-sW∂v A¿∞w. \yqaq-Wn-s\-b-√(-I-dp-Ø-hm-hv) F∂v kv]jvSw.
AXp-Xs∂ taLm-hr-X-am-bm¬ 30 ]q¿Øn-bm-°pI F∂pw Blzm\w
sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p.''(-te-J-\w)
taLm-hr-X-am-bm¬ 30 ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ \n¿t±-i-ap-s≠-¶n¬ BbXv
apkvenwIƒ ewLn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. am\-ZWvUw lnem-emWv F∂-Xn¬
23

ChnsS B¿°pw X¿°-an-√. AXv \vK\ t\{Xw sIm≠v I≠-ti-jta
amkw XpS-ßp-I-bp≈q F∂ hmZhpw AXns‚ A{]m-tbm-Kn-I-Xbpw
ewL-\-hp-amWv N¿®m-hn-j-bw. Idp-Ø-hmhpw \yqaqWpw H∂-√. IdpØ-hmhv F∂v s]mXpsh ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Hcp Znh-k-sØ-bm-Wv. AXv
"almJn'epƒs∏-Sp-∂p. \yqaq¨ Hcp \nan-j-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂p. IdpØ-hmhv Znhkw `qan-bn¬ GsX-¶nepw taJ-eb
- n¬ \´p-®t- \-cØv N{µ≥
`qan°pw kqcy-\p-an-S-bn¬ IqSn adp-`mKw {]th-in-°p∂ \n¿WnX kab-amWv \yqaq¨. lnPvd Ie-≠-dn¬ {]kvXpX ka-bhpw `qan-bnse
A\p-`-h-ta-J-ebpw AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. sNdp-Xmbn sIm≠ncn-°p∂ N{µ-°e ]qPyw Un{Kn-bn¬ FØp∂ \nan-jw, sXm´-SpØ
\nan-j-Øn¬ N{µ≥ hep-Xm-hp∂ Ie(waxing crescent) Bbn-Øn-cp∂
\nan-jw. ]Sn-™mdp `mK-tØ°v Imep-Iƒ \o≠ N{µ-°e Ing-°p-`mK-tØ°v Imep-Iƒ e£yw sh°p∂ am‰w D≠m-hp∂ \nan-jw. \yqaq¨
FhnsS kw`-hn-®mepw At∏mƒ kqcymkvX-a-b-ap-≈n-SØv lnem¬
{]Xy-£-am-hp-∂p. \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p∂ taJ-e-bn¬ kqcymkvX-a-btijw 12 an\p´v Ign™v N{µ≥ AkvX-an-°p-∂p. CXn¬ \n∂pw
\yqaq¨ D≠mbn F∂p ]d-™m¬ lnem¬ P\n®p F∂mWv A¿∞w
F∂v a\- n-em-°mw. C∏-d-™Xv \ntj-[n-°m≥ aue-hn-am¿°m-Iptam?
7. \_n(-k)-bpsS ImeØv hm®p≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. Ah¿ kabw
t\m°n-b√ \a-kvImcw \S-Øn-bXv F∂p ]d-™m¬ \_n(-k)-k-absØ AwKo-I-cn-®n-´n-√, hm®pw t¢m°pw ]mSn√ F∂m-sc-¶nepw ]dbptam? \_n(-k)-\yq-aq¨ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ IW-°p-Iq´n ap≥Iq´n
Ie-≠-dp-≠m-°n-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂p ]d-™m¬ IW°p Iq´n Ie-≠-dp≠m-°m≥ ]mSn√ F∂√ A¿∞w. \yqaq-Wns‚ IrXy-amb kabw
IW-°m-°p∂ imkv{Xw A√mlp (kp.-X)-A∂v \¬In-bn-´n-√. F∂m¬
amk-Ønse Ah-km\ Znhkw AYhm Aam-hmkn Znhkw F√mh¿°pw Adn-bmam-bn-cp-∂p. Ah¿ N{µs\ \nco-£n-°p-∂-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p.
C_v\p Iko¿ X^vko¿, kqd:Aiwkv ImWp-I. \ng¬ Af∂v hJvXv
\n¿W-bn-°p∂ AtX XXzw Hcp b{¥w hgn a\p-jy¿°v D]-Im-c-s∏-SpØn-b-XmWv t¢m°v. lnem-ens‚ P\\w lnkm_v(I-W-°v) \S-Øm≥
Ign-bp∂ Adnhv N{µs‚ a≥kn-ens‚ {]mbw hgn e`n-°p-∂p. Cßns\-bp≈ lnkm-_ns‚ ASn-ÿm\w \yqaq¨ BWv. AXn-\m¬ CXv
Ckveman-I-hp-am-Wv.
\_n(-k)-bpsS ImeØv \yqaq¨ IW°p Iq´m-\p≈ Adnhv D≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. \yaq¨ kw`-hn-°p∂ Znhkw AYhm N{µs\ Xosc
ImWmØ Znhkw AXv "D¿Pq-\p¬ JZow' F∂p Jp¿-B≥(36:39) hntijn-∏n® Znh-k-Øns‚ ]nt‰∂v BsW∂pw N{µ≥ "KpΩv'Bb Znhkw
amk-Ønse Ah-km\ Znh-k-am-sW∂pw ASpØ Znhkw ]pXp-am-kØns‚ H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bm-sW∂pw Ah¿°-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p. C∂v \yqaqWns‚ kabw ap≥Iq´n IW-°p-Iq-´m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Ie-≠¿
ap≥Iq´n Xøm-dm-°m\pw Ign-bp-∂p. \_n(-k)-]-Tn-∏n® amk-Øns‚
24

Bcw`w \yqaq-Wns‚ ]nt‰∂p apX¬ ASpØ \yqaq¨ hsc-bm-Wv.
aue-hn-am¿°v \yqaqWpw lnemepw Aam-hm-knbpw F√mw F¥m-sW∂v
Adn-bm-Ø-Xn-\m-emWv CXp-t]m-ep≈ A_-≤-߃ kw`-hn-°p∂Xv.

8. \yqaq-Wn∂v Ckveman¬ ASn-ÿm-\-apt≠m?
1) c≠p-Xcw N{µ-am-k-ß-fp-≠v. H∂v N{µ≥ Hcp \£-{X-Øn∂p
t\sc \n∂pw Bcw-`n®v Hcp {]mhiyw `qansb Np‰n ho≠pw AtX
\£-{X-Øn\p t\sc FØm-s\-Sp-°p∂ Imew. CXn∂v 27.33 Znh-ksa-Sp-°p-∂p. sskUocn-b¬ amkw F∂v Cu amk-Øn\v ]d-bp-∂p.
c≠v: N{µ≥ kqcy\p t\sc \n∂pw Bcw-`n®v `qansb Np‰n ho≠pw
kqcy\p t\sc FØp-∂-Im-ew. Cu amk-Øn¬ 29.5 Znh-k-ß-fp-≠mbn-cn-°pw. knt\m-UnIv amkw F∂v CXn\p ]d-bp-∂p. Ckvemw CXn¬
GXp amk-tØ-bmWv AwKo-I-cn-®n-´p-≈Xv. kqcy\pw `qan-°p-an-S-bn¬
\n∂v XpSßn AtX ÿm\Øv Xncn-s®-Øp∂ amkw. AYhm \yqaq¨
apX¬ XpSßn ASpØ \yqaq-Wn∂p apºmbn Ah-km-\n-°p∂ amkw.
29/30 Znh-k-amWv Hcp amk-Øn-s\∂v dkq¬(-k)-]-Tn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ \mw
AXns‚ imkv{Xo-bX hy‡-ambn C∂p a\- n-em-°p-∂p. AXm-bXp
\yqaq¨ ASn-ÿm-\-am-bp≈ amk-amWv Ckveman-I-amkw F∂v.
2) hn.-Jp. kqd: c≠mw hN-\w. ""N{µ≥ Xs∂-bmWv (k-Xyw) AXv
AXns\ (kq-cy-s\) XpS¿∂p-hc
- p-tºmƒ'' F∂-Xns\]‰n C_v\p Iko¿
Xs‚ {KŸ-Øn¬ C_v\p sskZv ]d-™-Xmbn C{]-Imcw tcJ-s∏-SpØp-∂p. ""N{µ≥ amk-Øns‚ H∂mw ]Ip-Xn-bn¬ kqcys\ ]n¥p-S-cp∂p. ]n∂oSv kqcy≥ N{µs\ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂p. amk-Øns‚ c≠mw ]IpXn-bpsS Ah-km-\-Øn¬ N{µ≥ kqcys\ adn-I-S°p∂p.'' C{]-Imcw
N{µ≥ kqcys\ adn-I-S-°p-∂-tXmSp IqSn Hcp amk-Øns‚ Ah-km\hpw ASpØ amk-Øns‚ XpS-°hpw kw`-hn-°p-∂p. amk-Øns‚
Ah-km\ Znh-k-ß-fn¬ BZyw N{µ≥ DZn-°p-Ibpw tijw kqcy≥
DZn-°p-∂-Xmbn AYhm kqcy≥ N{µs\ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂-Xmbn ImWmw.
F∂m¬ amkm-hk
- m-\Z- n-hkw N{µ≥ kqcys\ adn-IS- °
- p-∂t- XmSp IqSn
N{µ≥ kqcys\ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂-Xmbpw BZyw kqcy-\p-Zn-°pI tijw
N{µ≥ DZn-°p-Ibpw AXv t]mse AkvX-an-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Cu
A¤pX {]Xn-`m-k-Øn∂v ]d-bp∂ t]cmWv \yqaq¨ AYhm I¨©£≥. \yqaq¨ CkvemanIw ˛ Jp¿-B-\nIw ˛Xs∂ Xo¿®.
3) temIm-h-km\w (Jn-bm-aw) Hcp {KlW Znh-k-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v
Hcp \_n-h-N-\-ap-≠v. kqd: Jnbm-a-bn¬ 7˛9 hN-\-߃ {i≤n-°p-I.

ôo ªn ≤n dGh ¢o ùrª°s ûdG ™ªLh ôo ªn ≤n dG ∞
n °n ùNh ô°üÑdG ¥ôH GnPÉEp an
""IÆv A©n-t]m-Ip-Ibpw N{µ\v {KlWw _m[n-°p-Ibpw kqcy\pw
N{µ-\pw(-`q-an-bpsS IqsS) Hcp-an®p Iq´-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬'' N{µ∂v
{KlWw _m[n-°p-∂Xv kqcy\pw N{µ\pw CS-bn¬ `qan \n¬°p25

tºm-gm-Wv. kqcy\pw N{µ\pw Hcp tcJ-bn¬ `qan°v t\sc hcp-tºmƒ
kqcy-{K-l-Whpw kw`-hn-°p-∂p. CXmWv Bb-Øns‚ Ah-km-\-`mKw. AXv \yqaq¨ IqSn-bm-Wv. \yqaq-Wns\ Ipdn®v Nn¥n-°p∂ BfpIƒ°p≈ ZrjvSm¥w Jp¿-B≥ ]Tn-∏n-°p-Ib
- m-Wv. N{µ-{K-lWw Jnbma-Øn¬ am{X-a-√m-Ø-Xp-t]mse kqcy-{K-l-Whpw Jnbm-a-Øn¬ am{X-a√. F√m amkhpw \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p-∂p. icm-icn 6 amk-Øn-sem-cn°¬ kqcy{KlWhpw kw`-hn-°p-∂p. Jp¿-B≥ `mhn am{X-a√ h¿Øam-\hpw ]Tn-∏n-®p-X-cp-∂p.
4) ta¬ Bb-Øp-I-fp-sSbpw lZo-kp-I-fp-sSbpw shfn-®-Øn¬
\yqaq¨({K-l-Ww) kw`-hn-°p∂ Znh-k-Øn∂p ASpØ Znhkw ]pXpamkw XpS-ßm-hp-∂-Xm-sW∂ Camw im^nCu(-d)-bpsS ^Xvh \mw
t\csØ a\- n-em-°n-bn-´p-≠v. At\Iw Jp¿-B≥ Bb-Øp-Iƒ tKmfimkv{X kw_-‘-am-bp-≈-Xv, Jp¿-B-\n-ep-≠v. CsX√mw F¥n-\mWv?
Ah Nn¥n®p a\- n-em-°m-Ø-hsc Xm°oXp sNøp∂ \_n-h-N-\hpap-≠v. F∂n´pw hfsc hy‡-ambn P\-߃ a\- n-em-°n-bn-´p≈
IW-°p-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m≥ ]mSn-s√∂v sI.-sP.-bp-]W
- vUn-X≥am¿°v ]dbm≥ Fßns\ ss[cyw h∂p F∂-XmWv A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv.
N{µs‚ a≥kn-ep-Iƒ IW°p Iq´m≥ th≠n-bm-sW∂v kqd bq\pkv
5˛mw kq‡w ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p. F¥p IW-°mWv apkvenwIƒ "a\m-knep-Iƒ' D]-tbm-Kn®p sNøp-∂Xv? IW-°p-Iq-´m≥ ]mSn-s√∂mWv laoZv
aZo\n ]d-bp∂Xv.
5) \yqaq¨ F∂m¬ amk-Ønse Ah-km\ Znh-k-am-sW∂v aZo\n
Xs‚ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬(-t]Pv 23) {]kn≤ {KŸ-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw D≤-cn-®ncn-°p-∂p. am{X-hp-a√ "Ain-øØv' F∂v N{µs\ ImWp∂ sshIp-t∂c-Øn\pw ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p.

kpXmcy\ne-]mSv kzoImcyw
ta¬ ]d™ sXfn-hp-Iƒ [mcm-fa
- mWv kXym-t\z-jn-Iƒ°v. k¬_p≤n-am≥am¿ AYhm kZvhrØ-cmb ]WvUn-X≥am¿ Bcm-sW∂v Jp¿B≥ 3:189, 190 hni-Zo-I-cn®p X∂p. ""A√mlphn\m-Ip∂p BIm-i-ßfp-sSbpw `qan-bp-sSbpw B[n-]-Xyw. A√mlp GXp Imcy-Øn\pw Ignhp-≈-h-\m-Ip-∂p. Xo¿®-bmbpw BIm-i-ß-fp-sSbpw `qan-bp-sSbpw
krjvSn-∏nepw cm∏-I-ep-Iƒ amdn-h-cp-∂-Xnepw k¬_p-≤n-bp-≈-h¿°v
]e ZrjvSm-¥ß
- f
- p-ap-≠v. \n∂p sIm≠pw Ccp-∂p-sIm≠pw A√m-lpsh
Hm¿°p-Ibpw BImi `qan-I-fpsS krjvSn-∏ns\ kw_-‘n®v Nn¥n®p
sIm≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-h-cs{X Ah¿. Ah¿ ]dbpw Rß-fp-sS
c£n-Xm-th, \o \nc¿∞-I-ambn krjvSn-®-X-√-C-Xv, \o F{Xtbm ]cnip-≤≥ AXn-\m¬ \c-I-in-£-bn¬ \n∂v Rßsf \o ImØp-c-£nt°-Wta''
apkvenw temIØv A√m-lp(-kp.-X)-hn-ti-jn-∏n® Xc-Øn-ep≈ F{X
]WvUn-Xc
- p≠v? BImi `qan-If
- psS krjvSn-∏ns‚ clkyw Adn-tb≠
26

Bhiyw C°m-esØ ]WvUn-X≥am¿°n-√. ImcWw \mw IW°p
Iq´p-I-bn-√, Fgp-Xp-Itb C√ F∂m-Ws√m sI.-sP.bp Xocp-am-\w.
F∂m¬ k¬_p-≤n-am≥am-cmb Bfp-Iƒ°v hnip≤ Jp¿-B\pw {]IrXn-\n-b-a-ßfpw A\p-k-cn-°pI F∂-XmWv hnizm-kw.
\yqaq¨ F∂m¬ lnem-ens‚ ]nd-hn-bm-sW∂v \mw sXfn-bn-®p.
9:36 Bb-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ N{µ-am-k-I-e-≠-dmWv Ckvemw AwKoI-cn-°p-∂-sX∂pw {]kvXpX Ie-≠¿ apkvenwIƒ Pohn-X-Øn¬
sIm≠p \S-t°-≠-Xm-sW∂pw sXfn™p Ign-™p. N{µs‚ a\m-knep-Iƒ Ime-K-W-\-°p≈ ASn-ÿm\ hnh-c-am-sW-∂-Xn-\m¬ (2:189,
10:5) IW-°n-\v(-ln-km-_v)-I-e-I-fpsS FÆw IrXy-am-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂pw
a\- n-em-bn. IW°p Iq´p-∂-Xn¬ as‰m-c-Sn-ÿm-\w. "D¿Pq-\p¬
JZow'(36:39) BsW∂pw Jp¿-B-\n¬ \n∂pw a\- n-em-bn. C{Xbpw
ASn-ÿm\ hnh-c-߃(Data) Jp¿-B≥ ]d-™p-X-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Chsb√mw ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambn \yqaq-Wp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-sW∂pw a\ n-em-Ipw. \yqaq¨ ]cn-K-Wn-°msX Ie-≠-dp-≠m-°m-t\m, Ime-KW\t°m Ign-bn-√. Ckveman¬ \yqaqWns‚ {]m[m\yw Jp¿-B-\pw,
kp∂-Øpw, imkv{Xhpw sXfn-hm°ns°m≠v \mw sXfn-bn-®p. CXv
icn-b-√. lnem¬ IÆp-sIm≠v ImW¬ Xs∂-bm-Wv CkvemanI \nba-sa∂v C\nbpw B¿s°-¶nepw kwi-b-ap-s≠-¶n¬, ""e°pwZo\p°pw
hen-b-Zo≥'' F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xn∂p apºmbn Xmsg sImSp-°p∂ kwib-߃°v IqSn DØcw Is≠-Øntb Xocq.

Aln-√bpw lnemepw
1. Ckvemanse F√m Bcm-[\m I¿Ω-ßfpw Ime \n_-≤-am-Wv.
AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ amk-Ønse Znh-k-ßfpsS FÆhpw {][m-\-amWv. AXn-\m¬ amk-∏n-dhn kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv a\p-jy¿ lnem¬ ImWp∂-Xp-ap-X¬°msW∂v sXfn-bn-°p∂ Hcp Jp¿-B≥ BbØv D≤-cn°m≥ km[n-°n-s√-¶n¬ hymJym-\n-s®-Sp-°m≥ ]‰n-b-sX-¶nepw ImWn°mtam?
2. Jp¿-B-\n¬ P\ßsf, hnizm-kn-Isf F∂-√msX tl Ad-_nIsf Xp¿°n-I-sf, ankvcnIsf F∂ Xc-Øn¬ cmPyw, `mj, tKm{Xw
F∂n-ßs\ hn`-Pn®v A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNbvXn-´n-√. temI-Øn\p aphph≥ am¿§-Z¿i-I-amb Hcp {KŸhpw {]hm-N-I\pw BWp Ckveman-\p≈-Xv. Ie-≠¿ am{Xw {]mtZ-in-I-ambn ]©m-bØv ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em°m≥ GXp \nb-a-amWv ico-A-Øn-ep-≈-Xv.?
3. kqcy\pw N{µ\pw Ing°v DZn®v ]Sn-™m-dn¬ AkvX-an-°p-∂p.
kabw amdp-∂Xv Ing°p ]Sn-™m-dm-Wv. sX°v hS-°-√. F∂n-cns°
Imk¿tImUpw awK-em-]p-chpw Fßns\ hyXykvX aXveAv BIpw.
F¥p-sIm≠v _tØ-cnbpw tImgn-t°mSpw c≠p aXveAv BIp-∂n-√.
\mSp-Im-Wn-bnepw FS-°-c-bnepw c≠p Xnb-Xn-bm-Ip-∂-sX-ßs\.
4. aXveAv(Xz-eA=DZ-bw) F∂m¬ DZb taJe F∂m-W¿∞w.
27

]Sn-™mdv AkvX-ab taJ-e-bm-Wv. AkvX-ab taJ-esb Fßn-s\bmWv aXveAv F∂p hnfn-°pI?
5. \yqaq¨ D≠mbn 16 aWn-°q-dn\p tijw ]Sn-™m-dn¬ DZn-°p∂-Xm-Wv lnem¬ F∂v A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo-\nbpw \yqaq-Wn∂p tijw
Ht∂m ct≠m Znhkw Ign-™-tijw ImWp-∂-XmWv lnem¬ F∂v
k°-cnø aue-hnbpw ]d-bp-∂p. F∂m¬ i_m-_v, kp√-ap- emw A¬a\m¿ Ie-≠-dp-I-fn¬ 3˛4 aWn-°q¿ {]mb-ap≈ lnem¬ 4˛5 an\p´v
Ign™v AkvX-an-°p-∂-Xmbpw ASpØ Znhkw H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bmbpw
tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. \nß-fpsS teJ-\ß
- fpw {]kw-Kß
- fpamtWm
AX√ \nß-fpsS Ie-≠-dp-I-fmtWm Ifhp ]d-bp-∂Xv?
6. Jp¿-B≥ Fhn-sSbpw lnem-ens\ Ipdn®p ]d-bp-∂n-√. lnem¬
ImWp-∂-Xns\ Ipdn®v Xosc ]d-bp-∂n-√. Aln-√(-N-{µ-°-e-Iƒ) a\mkn¬(-ÿm-\-߃) D¿Pq-\p¬ JZow F∂nh ]d-™-tijw F¥mWp
]d-bp-∂-Xv. \n߃ da-Zm≥ amk-Øn\v km£n-bm-bm¬ t\msº-Sp°pI(2:185). km£nbmhpI F∂m¬ Adn-hp-≠m-hpI F∂m-W¿∞w.
\mw Ct∏mƒ k^¿ amk-Øn-em-sW-∂-Xn\v \mw km£n-bm-Wv. 2011
s^{_p-hcn 16 _p[≥ k^¿ amk-Øn-em-sW-∂-Xn\pw km£nbmhpw. Jp¿-B≥ F¥p-sIm≠v lnem-ens\ Ipdn®pw AXv ImWp-∂Xns\ Ipdn®pw ]d-bmsX Ie-I-sf-°p-dn®pw Ah-bpsS ÿm\-ßfpw
Ah-km-\sØ Zriy-am-hp∂ Ie-I-sf-°p-dn®pw ]d™p? ImcWw
lnem¬ P\n® DSs\ AXm-bXv 29/30 ˛mw XnbXn lnem¬ `qan-bnsem-cn-SØpw ImWpI km[y-a-√. F∂m¬ Ie-Iƒ H∂mw XnbXn
apX¬ 28/29˛mw XnbXn hsc-bp-≈Xv IÆp-sIm≠v ImWm≥ Ign-bpw.
N{µ-°e BZy-ambn ImWp-∂Xv H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bm-sW∂v Aam\n auehn-bpsS X^vkodn-epw(36:39) hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Cßn-s\-bp≈ IeI-sf(-A-ln-√)-A-h-bpsS a\m-kn-en¬(-ÿm-\-ß-fn¬) \nco-£Ww
\SØn XnbXn \n›-bn-°m\pw Ie-I-fpsS Ah-km\w AYhm D¿Pq\p¬ JZow t\m°n-°≠v "KpΩn'bmb(-Im-Wm-Xm-b) Znhkw amkm-hkm-\-ambpw IW-°m°n ASpØ Znhkw H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bmbn \n›bn-°p∂ coXn-bmWv \_n(-k)-]-Tn-∏n-®n-´p-≈-Xv. CXmWv amk-∏n-dhn
kw_-‘n®v \_n(-k)-bpsS kp∂-Øv. hn.-Jp. 2:189 Bb-Øns\ hniZo-I-cn®p sIm≠v \_n(-k)-kz-lm-_-Øns\ ]Tn-∏n-®p. 107 ]c-º-c-I-fneqsS ÿnc-s∏´ {]kvXpX lZokv {i≤n-°p-I.
""A√mlp N{µ-°-e-Isf P\-߃°v Xnb-Xn-Iƒ°v th≠n kwhn[m-\n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Ah-bpsS Zriy-X-bpsS A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ \n߃
t\mºp XpS-ßp-Ibpw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I. Ah \n߃°v
ad-bv°-s∏-´m¬ 30 Bbn IW-°m-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I.''
Cu lZo-kn¬ Aln-√(-I-e-Iƒ) F∂m-Wp-≈-Xv. F∂m¬ aZo-\nbpsS ]pkvXI
- Ø
- n¬(-t]Pv 17) N{µ-°e
- sb I≠m¬(-ln-em¬) F∂mWv
Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-∂X
- v. CXmWv `n∂n-∏ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\i
- ne lnem¬ F∂v
Fßn-s\-bmWv Aln-√sb am‰n-∏-d-bm≥ Ign-bp-I. ]WvUn-X≥am¿°v
28

]‰nb `mjm-]c
- a
- mb A_-≤[
- m-cW Xncp-Øp-I. \_n(-k)-Jp¿-B≥ ]cnN-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bm-Wv. Jp¿-B-\nepw lZo-knepw Aln√ F∂m-Wp≈-Xv. Aln-√sb t\m°p-∂Xv F√m Znh-k-hp-am-Wv. lnem¬ F∂m¬
BZysØ 7 Znh-ksØ Ie-bpsS cq]sØ ]d-bp∂ t]cm-Wv. AXv
29 se Ie°p am{Xw ]d-bp∂ t]c-√. Ah-km-\sØ 7 Znh-ksØ
Ie-Iƒ°pw lnem¬ BIr-Xn-bm-Wv. AXn-\m¬ Ah-tbm-tcm∂pw
lnem-em-Wv. Aln√ F∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ch apgp-h\pw H∂mbn ]dbp∂ t]cm-Wv. 29˛mw XnbXn aKvcn_n∂v \_n(-k)-ln-em¬ t\m°n-bXmbn bmsXmcp sXfn-hp-an-√. F∂m¬ N{µ-°-e-Iƒ(-A-ln-√) t\m°nb-Xmbn sXfn-hp≠pXm-\pw. iAv_m≥ amksØ Aln√ {]tXyIw
t\m°n-b-Xmbpw iAv_m≥ Ah-km-\sØ \msem At©m Znhkw
kq£va-ambn t\m°n-b-Xmbpw A_q-Zm-hqZv dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX lZoknep≈Xmbn aZo-\n-bpsS injy≥ tUm: kmPnZv Fgp-Xnb ]pkvX-IØn¬ D≤-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. kmPn-Zn\v Jp¿-B\pw lZokpw ]d-™p-sImSp-°p-∂Xn¬ Hcmƒ aZo-\n-bm-sW∂pw Snbm≥ F-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. \_n(k)-]-e-t∏mgpw Ncn-™p-In-S-∂v BIm-i-tØ°v t\m°m-dp-≠m-bncps∂∂v lZo- k p- I - f n- e p- ≠ v . Npcp- ° - Ø n¬ N{µ- ° e \nco- £ Ww(Observation) \SØp∂-Xn\v [mcmfw sXfn-hp-If
- p-≠v. F∂m¬ 29˛mw
\p aKvcn_n∂v "Nt{µm-Zbw(?)' t\m-°p∂ G¿∏mSv \_n(-k)-bpsS kp∂Ø-√. Ah-km-\sØ 4 Znhkw t\m°p-∂Xv ]Sn-™m-d√ Ing-°m-Wv.
aZo-\b
- n¬ \n∂p sXt°m-´p-Xn-cn™p \n∂v kp_vlv \a-kvIc
- n®v kemw
ho´p-tºmƒ lnem¬ ImWp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw ImWm-Xm-hp-∂p. ASpØ
Znhkw H∂mw Xnb-Xn. A∂v k‘y°v H∂mw Xnb-Xn-bpsS lnem¬
ImWp-∂p. XpS¿∂v Hmtcm Znh-khpw Ie-Iƒ \nco-£Ww \SØn
XnbXn \n›-bn-°p-∂p. Cu coXn-bmWv \_n-(k) ]Tn-∏n-®n-´p-≈-Xv.
a) 29˛mw XnXbn \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-°p∂ Znh-k-am-Wv. A∂v lnem¬
D≠m-hp-I-bn-s√-∂m-Wt√m \nß-fpsS hmZw. F¶n¬ ]ns∂ \_n(-k)
lnem¬ t\m°n F∂ hmZ-Øn\v F¥v A¿Y-amWv \n߃ Iev]n-°p∂-Xv.
b) \_n(-k)29˛mw XnbXn aKvcn_v ka-bØv lnem¬ t\m°n-bXmbn sXfn-hn-√. Btc-sb-¶nepw Npa-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xmbpw sXfn-hn√.
c) aKvcn_v ka-bØv lnem¬ t\m°-W-sa-¶n¬ Pam-AØv \akvImcw \o´n-sh-bv°p-I-tbm, t\m°m≥ t]mIp∂ Bfp-Iƒ°v PamAØv \a-kvImcw Cfhp \¬Ip-Itbm thWw. Aßn-s\-sbmcp "_m_v'
^nJvlns‚ InXm-_p-I-fn-en-√. F¥p-sIm≠v? 29˛mw \p k‘y°v Ie
t\m°¬ \_n-Ncy A√mØXpsIm≠v?
d) \n m-c-amb Imcy-߃°v hsc {]Xn-^ew \¬Ip∂Xmb \_nh-N\
- ß
- f
- p-≠v. F∂m¬ amkw ImWm≥ t]mIp-∂h
- ¿°p≈ {]Xn-^ew
F{X-bm-sW∂v \_n(-k)-]-d-™n-´pt≠m? C√, F¥p-sIm≠v? Aßns\-sbmcp k{º-Zmbw Ckveman-en-√mØ-Xp-sIm-≠v.
29

e) IS¬°-c-bn¬ "amkw ImW¬' tIc-fo-b-cpsS am{Xw coXn-bmWv. Ing-°p-`m-KØv IS-ep-≈h
- ¿ Ic-`m-Kt- Ø-°mWp t\mt°-≠X
- v. tIcf-Øn¬ F¥p-sIm≠v Ing-°≥ taJ-e-bn¬ Ie-Im-Wp-∂n-√. ÿncambn Im∏mSv am{Xw ImWp-∂p. CXn-set¥m A]m-I-X-bnt√?
f) 4 e£w In.-ao-‰¿ AI-se-bp≈ N{µ-°e t\m°n-bm¬ tIc-fØnse Hcp ]pg-bp-tStbm tXmSn-s‚-tbm, As√-¶n¬ `c-W-ku-I-cyØn\v \n›-bn® Hcp sN°v t]mÃns‚ A∏p-dhpw C∏p-dhpw c≠v Znhk-Ønte ImWp-I-bp-≈q-sh∂v ]d-bm≥ F¥mWp sXfnhv?
g) lnPvd Ie-≠¿ PqX Ie-≠-dm-sW∂v A_vZp¬ laoZv aZo\n
Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ ]pkvXI {]Im-i\ NS-ßn¬
CXt±lw {]kw-Kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. aue-hn°v PqX-I-e-≠dpw
Ckvem-anI I-e-≠dpw XΩn-ep≈ hyXym-k-sa-¥m-sW∂v t]mepw Adnbn-√. PqX Ie-≠-dn¬ amk-߃°v 29, 30, 29, 30 F∂n-ßs\ CS-hn´v
Znh-k-߃ \n›n-X-am-Wv. Ckveman¬ Aß-s\-b-√. CkvemanI Ie≠-dn¬ Hcp h¿j-Øn∂v 12 amk-am-Wv. PqX-I-e-≠-dn¬ 3 h¿jw IqSptºmƒ Hcp amkw IqSp-X-ep-≠mhpw. PqX Ie-≠-dn¬ kqcym-kvX-a-bØn-∂p-apºv \yqaq¨ kw`-hn-®m¬ amkw amdpw. CkvemanI Ie-≠dn¬ ^P-dn∂p apºmWv \yqaq-sW-¶n¬ amk-am‰w \S-°pw. aZo-\n-bpsS
]pkvXI {]Im-i-\-Øn∂p tijw At±-l-Øns‚ ho´n¬ sN∂v At±l-Øns‚ ssIh-i-ap≈ Ie-≠-dns‚ C‚¿s\‰v tIm∏n ImWn-®psIm≠v ta¬ Imcyw hni-Z-am-°n-bn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. F∂n´pw At±lw XncpØm≥ Xøm-d-√.
h) N{µ≥ 28 aWvU-e-߃ k©-cn® tijw \yqaq¨ F√m-amkhpw kw`-hn-°p-sa∂v auehn FgpXn I≠p. At±-l-Øn\v tPymXn
imkv{X-hpw(Astronomy) tPymXn-jhpw (Astrology) XΩn-ep≈ hyXymkw
F¥m-sW∂p a\- n-em-bn-´n-√ F∂-XmWv CXv sXfn-bn-°p-∂X
- v. tPymXnj-Øn¬ 28 aWvU-e-߃(-cm-in-Iƒ) \n›-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. N{µ≥ Hcp
\£-{X-Øn∂p t\sc \n∂pw XpSßn AtX \£-{X-Øn∂p t\sc
FØm≥ 27:33 Znhkw aXn. Hmtcm Znh-khpw N{µ≥ Hmtcm \£-{XØn∂p t\sc FØp-∂-Xn-\m¬ {]kvXpX Znhkw B \£-{X-Øns‚
t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. CXmWp tPymXn-j-Ønse cmin-Iƒ. F∂m¬
N{µ≥ kqcy\p t\sc \n∂pw XpSßn ho≠pw kqcy∂p t\sc FØm≥
29:5 Znhkw thWw. CXmWv Ckvemw AwKo-I-cn® amkw. CXn¬
\£-{X-߃°v ÿm\-an-√. N{µ≥ kqcy∂p t\sc-sb-Øp-tºmƒ D≠mhp∂ {]Ir-Xn-bnse al-Ømb AS-bm-f-am-Wv \yqaq¨ CkvemanI
amkw \yqaq¨ apX¬ XpSßn ASpØ \yqaq-Wn¬ Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p.
CXw-Ko-I-cn-°m≥ {]bm-k-ap≈XpsIm-≠mtWm auehn \_n(-k)-hntcm-[n® tPymXn-jsØ Iq´p-]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xv.
i) Ad-^-bn¬ sh®v \_n(-k)°v ]mep-sIm-SpØ kw`-hsØ lmPnam¿°v Ad^ t\mºpt≠m F∂-dn-bm-\mWv kzlm-_Øv {ian-®-sX∂v
Zp¿hym-Jym\w sNbvXp-I-≠p. Hcp kwibw; ap≥h¿jw A_q_°¿(30

d)-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ l÷v sNbvX-t∏mƒ Ad^ t\mºns\ kw_‘n®v \_n(-k) H∂pw Xs∂ ]d™psImSp-Øn-cp-∂nt√? \_n(-k)A-XmXp ka-bØv Bh-iy-amb D]-tZiw \¬In-bn-cp∂p F∂XmWv
apkvenwI-fpsS hnizm-kw.
j) c≠p aue-hn-amcpw i_m_pw IqSn F\n-s°-Xn-cn¬ Kpcp-X-camb Hcm-tcm-]Ww D∂-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Fs‚ teJ-\-Ønse Hcp `mKw
D≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v aue-hn-am¿ ""BSns\ ]´n-bm-°p-∂'' X{¥w {]tbm-Kn°p-∂-Xv {i≤n-°p-I.
""tNmZyw tNmZn-®Xv Hcp PqX-\m-W-t√m. Da-dn(-d)s‚ adp-]Sn a‰p-≈h-tcmSv ]d-bp-tºmƒ, PqX-hn-izm-khpw AXn¬ Ie¿∂n-´p-≠mhpw'' F∂
Fs‚ teJ-\-Ønse ]cm-a¿iw D≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v aue-hn-am¿ Fgp-Xn.
""alm-\m-b, \_n(-k)-bpsS hew ssIbmbn {]h¿Øn® Da¿ ^mdqJn(-d)¬ PqXm-bnkw Ie¿∂p F∂p ]d-bm≥ t]mepw Ch¿ ImWn®
[m¿jvSyw Ipd®p IS∂ ssIbm-bn-t∏m-bn.'' Hcp PqX≥ Da¿(-d)-tbmSv
Hcp tNmZyw tNmZn-®p. Da¿(-d)AXn∂p adp-]Sn ]d-™p. B adp-]Sn
PqX≥ a‰p-≈-h-tcmSv G‰p ]d-™p. AXn¬ PqX≥ Xs‚ ho£Ww
Ie¿Øn-bn-´p-≠mhmw F∂mWv Rms\-gp-Xn-b-Xv.(-A-Sn-h-c-bn´ `mKw
{i≤n-°p-I). hfsc efn-X-amb Hcp hmN-IsØ CØ-c-Øn¬ Zp¿hymJym\w sNøp-sa-¶n¬ as‰-s¥√mw Cßns\ Zp¿hym-Jym\w sNbvXn´p-≠mhpw? PqXs‚ Dt±-i-ip≤n IqSn ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠-Xn-s√? Ckvemw
]q¿Øn-bm-b-Xn-ep≈ kt¥m-j-amtWm PqX-∂p-≈Xv? Xs‚ aXw
]q¿Øn-bm-hm-Ø-Xn¬ Snbm∂p kt¥m-j-amtWm D≈Xv? ta¬ PqX≥
Ckvemw kzoI-cn-®n-´pt≠m? C_veokns‚ Ip-X{¥w Xncn-®d
- n-bW
- s
- at∂
Rm≥ Dt≤-in-®n-´p-≈q. A√m-lp(-kp.-X)-\sΩ F√m-h-scbpw ImØpc-£n-°p-am-dm-I-s´.
Npcp-°Ø
- n¬ 29˛mw XnbXn k‘y°v Ie t\m°p∂ coXn CkvemanI-a-√. Ie-Iƒ t\m°n Xnb-Xn-Iƒ \n›-bn-°p∂ coXnbmWp-≈-Xv.
B[p-\nI bpK-Øn¬ sk°‚ns‚ Awiw-hsc IrXy-ambn IW-°m°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xn-\m¬ ImWp-∂-Xn-t\-°mƒ IrXyX IW-°n¬ e`n°p-∂X
- n-\m¬ AXv A√m-lp-hn¬ \n∂v e`n® Adnhv BI-bm¬ BbXv
kzoI-cn®v IrXy-ambn Bcm-[-\-Iƒ \S-tØ-≠-Xm-Wv. ta¬ IW°v
\yqaq-Wn¬ \n∂mWv e`n-°p-∂X
- v. \yqaq-Wns‚ IW°v kzoI-cn®v IrXyambn Ime-\n¿Wbw \S-ج apkvenwI-fpsS _m[y-X-bm-Wv. AXn∂v
C\nbpw Aam-¥n®p \n¬t°-≠-Xn-√. F√m {]h¿Øn-Ifpw Nn¥-Ifpw
XmXv]-cy-ßfpw hnNm-cW sNø-s∏-Spw. Xo¿®.

31

Biw-kI
- t- fm-sS...

H‰-{]Xn ˛ 15/-˛
h¿jw ˛ 60/˛
c≠p h¿jw ˛ 100/˛
hntZiw Hcph¿jw˛ 250/˛
hntZiw c≠ph¿jw˛ 500/˛

kXyw, \oXn, {]mam-WnIw
\njv]£ CkvemanI hmb-\°v
kwL-S-\m-XoXw
]WvUn-X¿°pw km[m-cW
- °
- m¿°pw

A¬^\m¿
hmbn-°p-I, {]N-cn-∏n-°p-I, hcn-°m-cm-hpI
The Manager
AL FANAR
P.O.Farook College, Kozhikode - 673 632
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Ckvemanse F√m hnj-b-ßfpw ssIImcyw sNøp∂p

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