ENGINEERING STANDARDS

Design Standard Electronic

C2B

Global Dimensioning And Tolerancing Addendum – 2004

Contents
Foreword…………………………………..2 GM Acknowledgement…………………....2 Automotive Industry Representative Acknowledgment……………...…………..2 Structure………………………………..….2 General Motors Authorization…………….2 Figures…………………………………….3 Titleblock Notes…………..…………….…3 Section 1 Scope, Definitions, and General Dimensioning 1.3 Definitions……………………………..4 1.4 Fundamental Rules…………………….7 1.5 Units of Measurement…………………8 1.6 Application of Dimensions……………8 1.7 Dimensioning Features………………..8 1.8 Location of Features……………….….9 Section 2 General Tolerancing and Related Principles 2.7 Limits of Size…………………..…….25 2.8 Applicability of RFS, MMC, and LMC………………………………..…….26 2.15 Radius………………………………27 2.16 Statistical Tolerancing……..……….27 2.17 Uniform Thickness/Gap Tolerance…………………………………27 Section 3 Symbology 3.3 Symbol Construction………………...32 3.5 Feature Control Frame Placement…...32 Section 4 Datum Referencing 4.2 Immobilization of Part………..……...35 4.4 Specifying Datum Features in an Order of Precedence………...…….……...35 4.5 Establishing Datums…………………35 4.6 Datum Targets………………………..37 4.7 Restraining Datum Features………….37 4.8 Restraining Conditions…………….…38 Section 5 Tolerances of Location 5.3 Fundamental Explanation of Positional Tolerancing………………………………50 5.11 Coaxiality Controls…………………51 5.12 Concentricity………………………..51 5.14 Symmetry Tolerancing……………...51 5.16 Cylindrical Part with Bends………...51 Section 6 Tolerances of Form, Profile, Orientation, and Runout 6.5 Profile Control……………………….53 6.6 Orientation Tolerances……………….54 6.8 Free State Variation………………….54 APPENDIX B Formulas for Positional Tolerancing B1 General……………………………….57 Appendix New F Effect of Changes to the Definition of Actual Mating Envelope on the Figures in Y14.5 F1 General………………………………..57

© Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved

October 2004

Originating Department: North American Engineering Standards

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Foreword General Motors Corporation and Delphi Corporation have adopted an amended version of the ASME Y14.5M-1994 dimensioning and tolerancing standard (amended by this addendum) for use by the above companies on all product engineering documentation. This addendum was created to address the following areas: 1. Select an option from ASME Y14.5 2. Clarify a concept from ASME Y14.5 3. Discourage/disallow the use of a concept from ASME Y14.5 4. Include a concept not covered by ASME Y14.5 All other standards referenced in ASME Y14.5 have not necessarily been adopted by the above companies, and are not automatically invoked. Current company standards will take precedence unless otherwise noted. GM Acknowledgment This document represents the consensus of the members of the GM GD&T Task Team. GM GD&T contributing members: Michael A. Murphy, GMPT Robert Bourland, GMPT Guy Browne, Holden Thomas Drexler, Opel Anders Gustavsson, Saab James Gyomber, Holden Gisela Herzing, GM Ruesselsheim Alex Krulikowski, GMPT Dale MacPherson, GMPT Cliff McCord, NAVO Tibor Nuebl, Opel Hans-Olof Svensson, Saab Susan Belloli, GMPT Klaus W. Schulz, Opel Powertrain GmbH Andy Watts, NAVO Duane Harbowy, GMPT

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS
Automotive Industry Representative Acknowledgment This addendum also represents input of the following automotive industry representatives: Neil Freson, Delphi Energy & Chassis Systems Paul Sams, Delphi Delco Electronics Systems Dave Arnold, Delphi Safety & Interior Systems James Anderson, Delphi Harrison Thermal Systems Bruce Eggert, Delphi Harrison Thermal Systems Dan Meyers, Delphi Delco Electronics Systems Jamie Florence, Aerotec (figure construction) General Motors Authorization This standard is authorized by the GM Global Engineering Design Committee Notice of Action # GEDC 162. Structure The paragraph numbering in this addendum is as follows: Paragraphs are generally numbered to coincide with numbers in ASME Y14.5. Paragraph numbers preceded by “NEW” are additions to Y14.5. Unless otherwise noted, paragraphs not preceded by “NEW” replace the paragraph in Y14.5 that is identified by the same number. Italicized text may be added, following the paragraph title noting whether the paragraph is a deletion or to describe the changes to an existing paragraph in Y14.5. Paragraph references noted in the figures refer to the paragraphs contained in this document. Figures referenced in the text but not shown in this addendum are found in Y14.5. Paragraph titles contained in parenthesis are for index referencing only and do not reflect changes to Y14.5. The words “shall/must/required” describe strict requirements. Procedural steps defined by these words must be followed. The words “should/preferred/recommended” describe preferences. Procedural steps defined by these words must be followed whenever there is no valid reason to do otherwise. The words “acceptable/allowed/may/might” grant permission. They do not require or recommend the practice they specify; neither do they forbid or discourage alternative practices.

© Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved

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October 2004

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS
Figures The figures in this Addendum exhibit the arrow method of view projection. GM Engineering Standards – Drawing Views and Sections (C3) Titleblock Notes The note shown in Fig. F-1 shall appear on drawings, documents or within databases which are in accordance with the General Motors Global Dimensioning and Tolerancing Addendum – 2004. The note shall be in the title block (or in the general notes). The note invokes this addendum. THIS DOCUMENT IS IN ACCORDANCE WITH ASME Y14.5M-1994 AS AMENDED BY THE GM GLOBAL DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING ADDENDUM – 2004. Figure F-1 – Note To Invoke Gm Global Dimensioning And Tolerancing Addendum – 2004

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October 2004

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C2B 1 Scope, Definitions, and General Dimensioning
1.3 Definitions. 1.3.3 Datum. A theoretically exact point, axis, line, or plane derived from the true geometric counterpart. A datum is the origin from which the location or geometric characteristics of features of a part are established. 1.3.5 Datum Feature Simulator. A surface of adequately precise form (such as a surface plate, a gage surface, fixture pad, pin, centering device, or a mandrel) used to establish the simulated datum(s). Note: Datum feature simulators are used as the practical embodiment of the datums during manufacture and inspection. 1.3.7 Datum Target. A specified point, line, or area on a drawing that represents a theoretically perfect fixture element. 1.3.9 Dimension, Basic. A numerical value used to describe the theoretically exact size, profile, orientation, or location of a feature; orientation or location of feature of size; or datum target. See Fig. 3-7. It is the basis from which permissible variations are established by tolerances on other dimensions, in notes, or in feature control frames. See Figs. 2-14, 2-15, and 325. Title block or general plus/minus tolerances do not apply to basic dimensions. 1.3.11 Envelope, Actual Mating. A general term used to refer to an unrelated or related actual mating envelope. Note: Changes to the definition of Actual Mating Envelope have had numerous effects on figures in Y14.5. Appendix NEW F outlines the effects on figures in Y14.5. 1.3.11.1 Envelope, Unrelated Actual Mating. An unrelated actual mating envelope, (unrelated to a datum reference frame), can be either external or internal as described below: (a) For an external feature of size, a similar perfect feature counterpart of smallest size that can be circumscribed about the feature of size so that it contacts the surface or surfaces. For example, a smallest cylinder of perfect form or two parallel planes of perfect form at minimum separation that contacts the surface(s). See Fig. 1-57. (b) For an internal feature of size, a similar perfect feature counterpart of largest size that can

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS
be inscribed within the feature of size so that it contacts the surface or surfaces. For example, a largest cylinder of perfect form or two parallel planes of perfect form at maximum separation that contacts the surface(s). 1.3.11.2 Envelope, Related Actual Mating. A related actual mating envelope, (related to a datum reference frame), can be either external or internal as described below: (a) For an external feature of size datum feature, a similar perfect feature counterpart of smallest size that can be circumscribed about the feature of size so that it contacts the surface or surfaces. For example, the smallest cylinder of perfect form or two parallel planes of perfect form at minimum separation that contacts the surface(s). This envelope is oriented relative to the appropriate datum(s), See Fig. 1-57. (b) For an internal feature of size datum feature, a similar perfect feature counterpart of largest size that can be inscribed within the feature of size so that it contacts the surface or surfaces. For example, the largest cylinder of perfect form or two parallel planes of perfect form at maximum separation that contacts the surface(s). This envelope is oriented relative to the appropriate datum(s). 1.3.12.1 Feature, Interrupted. A feature, (surface), that has an interruption. The keyword INTERRUPTED is placed adjacent to a size dimension, feature control frame or the datum feature symbol indicating that the specified tolerance zone, size dimension or datum feature applies through the interruption. See fig. 1-59. 1.3.13 Feature of Size, Axis Of. A straight line that coincides with the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of a feature of size. See Fig. 1-57. 1.3.14 Feature of Size, Center Plane Of. A plane that coincides with the center plane of the unrelated actual mating envelope of a feature of size. 1.3.15 Feature of Size, Derived Median Plane Of. An imperfect plane (abstract) that passes through the center points of all line segments bounded by the feature of size. These line segments are normal to the unrelated actual mating envelope. 1.3.16 Feature of Size, Derived Median Line Of. An imperfect line (abstract) that passes through the center points of all cross sections of the feature of size. These cross sections are October 2004

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GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS
normal to the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope. The cross section center points are determined as per ANSI B89.3.1. 1.3.17 Feature of Size. A general term used to refer to a whole or interrupted feature of size. 1.3.17.1 Whole Feature of Size. A single cylindrical or spherical surface, or circular element, or a pair of parallel surfaces or elements, that may be truncated or have an obstruction or recess that satisfies one of the following conditions: (a) A circular element associated with a diametral limit or plus and minus dimension that may have one or more obstructions or recesses. Any obstruction or recess must be less than 180 degrees of rotation around the axis. See Fig. 170 (b) A cylindrical surface associated with a diametral limit or plus and minus dimension that may be truncated or have one or more obstructions or recesses, (for example: drilled holes, keyway, partial spline shaft, partial thread, partial groove, partial bead, etc.),. Any obstruction or recess must be less than 180 degrees of rotation around the axis. See Figs. 1-62 and 1-63. (c) A spherical surface associated with a diametral limit or plus and minus dimension that may have one or more obstructions or recesses, (for example: drilled holes, partial groove, partial bead, etc.),. Any obstruction or recess must be less than a hemisphere. See Fig. 1-71 (d) A helical surface associated with a diametral limit or plus and minus dimension, such as a major diameter of an external thread or minor diameter of an internal thread,. See Fig. 1-72 (e) A set of two opposed point elements associated with a limit or plus and minus dimension. The associated dimension defines the variation of the length of a line segment terminating at the point elements. See Fig. 1-58(a). (f) An opposed point and line element, associated with a limit or plus and minus dimension. The associated dimension defines the variation of the length of a line segment terminating at the point and line elements, and normal to the line element. See Fig. 1-58(b). (g) An opposed point and a planar surface that may have an obstruction or recess, (for example: drilled holes, partial groove, partial bead, etc.), associated with a limit or plus and minus dimension. The associated dimension defines October 2004

C2B
the variation of the length of a line segment terminating at the point element and planar surface, and normal to the planar surface. See Fig. 158(c). (h) A set of two opposed parallel line elements, associated with a common limit or plus and minus dimension. The associated dimension defines the variation of the length of a line segment terminating at, and normal to the opposed line elements. See Figs. 1-66, 1-67(b) and 1-58(d). (i) An opposed parallel line element and planar surface associated with a common limit or plus and minus dimension that may have an obstruction or recess, (for example: drilled holes, partial groove, partial bead, etc.),. The associated dimension defines the variation of the length of a line segment terminating at the line element and planar surface, and normal to the opposed elements. See Figs. 1-67(b) and 1-58(e). (j) A set of two opposed parallel surfaces associated with a common limit or plus and minus dimension, each of which may have an obstruction or recess, (for example: drilled holes, keyway, partial spline shaft, partial thread, partial groove, partial bead, etc.),. The associated dimension defines the variation of the length of any line segment terminating at, and normal to the opposed parallel surfaces. See Figs. 1-74, 1-58(f). 1.3.17.2 Feature of Size, Interrupted. A feature of size that has an interruption in one of the associated features or elements. The keyword INTERRUPTED is placed adjacent to the size dimension, tolerance or datum feature symbol indicating that the specified tolerance zone, size dimension or datum feature applies through the interruption. For circular elements and cylindrical surfaces any recess or obstruction must be less than 180 degrees of rotation around the axis. See Figs. 1-59(a) and(b), 1-60, 1-64, 1-65 and 1-74. 1.3.26.1 Size, Unrelated Actual Mating Envelope. The value of the unrelated actual mating envelope. See Fig. 1-57. 1.3.26.2 Size, Related Actual Mating Envelope. The value of the related actual mating envelope. See Fig. 1-57. 1.3.35 True Geometric Counterpart. The theoretically perfect boundary of a feature of size datum feature virtual condition for LMC or MMC applications, datum target, unrelated actual mating envelope for RFS primary datum features or

© Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved

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See Fig.3 Opposed Point Element and Planar Surface. 1. and directed away from the material. 1.41. The surface normal vectors directed away from each surface's material side must be in opposite directions.3.41. and directed away from the material.4 Opposed Parallel Line Elements. or planar surface other than the surface edges.2.41. originating and extending normal from surfaces A and B. 1. are opposed if the following conditions apply: The two surfaces are planar. other than the surface edges. they shall not be considered opposed elements. See Fig.3.3. they shall not be considered opposed elements. 1. A point element A and a line element B are opposed if the following conditions apply: Vectors originating and extending from point A and line B that are coincident to a line through point A and normal to line B. A and B. Two (2) point elements. Two (2) surfaces. and directed away from the material. Vectors.3. See Figs. The condition where forces in addition to gravity are applied.1 Opposed Point Elements.16. 1. See Fig. must be in opposite directions. A condition where two surfaces are nominally equidistant. and directed away from the material. The elements are opposed if a vector originating and extending normal from line element B intersects point A. The GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS element and planar surface is opposed if a vector originating and extending normal from surface B intersects point A. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 6 of 59 October 2004 .3. If line element A lies on a planar surface perpendicular to surface B. 4-11. are opposed if the following conditions apply: Vectors originating and extending normal from lines A and B in a plane containing lines A and B.3.3.3.40 Element. 1.3. they are not considered opposed elements. See Fig.41. When both lines lie on the same planar surface. A point element A and a planar surface B are opposed if the following conditions apply: Vectors originating and extending from point A and surface B. 1.3. The condition where no forces other than gravity are applied. must be in opposite directions. 1. A point. 1. and directed away from the material.3 regarding the simulated datum. 1. that are coincident to a line through point A and normal to surface B. A and B.3. line.42 Uniform Thickness/Gap. must be in opposite directions and normal to the surfaces from which the line elements are derived. they shall not be considered opposed line elements. Line element A and planar surface B are opposed if a vector originating and extending normal from line element A intersects planar surface B. must be in opposite directions and normal to the surfaces from which the point elements are derived. When the point element and line element lie on the same line or both elements lie on the same planar surface. and 4-10. 1. A and B. 1-58(f) and 66. 1. other than the surface edges. must be in opposite directions and normal to the surfaces from which the point and line elements are derived.C2B related actual mating envelope for RFS secondary or tertiary datum features or best-fit (tangent) plane for planar datum features.1 and 1.3. are opposed if the following conditions apply: Vectors originating and extending from points A and B that are coincident to a line through points A and B. or arc derived from a surface. 1-58(d) and 1-66. When both points lie on the same line element other than line end points. See Figs. 1-58(e). other than the surface edge.3.41. A general term used to refer to elements as described in paragraphs 1. Two (2) line elements. Two surfaces are opposed if a vector originating and extending normal from surface A intersects surface B.39 Restrained.3.41 Opposed Elements. Also see paras.43 Uniform Thickness/Gap Feature.38 Free State. 1-58(c). and directed away from the material.2 and 1. 1-58(a). 1.16. A line element A and a planar surface B are opposed if the following conditions apply: Vectors originating and extending normal from line A and planar surface B in a plane containing line A and normal to surface B.5 Opposed Parallel Line Element and Planar Surface. they shall not be considered opposed elements.41. must be in opposite directions and normal to the surface from which the point element is derived. See Figs.2 Opposed Point and Line Element.3. Two line elements are opposed if a vector originating and extending normal from line element A intersects line element B. The length of the element is constrained by the bounds of the part surface.3.6 Opposed Parallel Surfaces. When the point element and planar surface lie in the same plane. A pair of continuous surfaces or portions thereof that are nominally equidistant and associated with a Uniform Thickness/Gap tolerance. 1-58(b).

See para. minimum. 1-68(b).3.3. A ↔ B.45 Cylindrical Surface. cables.) 1. pin. or stock (commercial stock size). (e) The drawing should define a part without specifying manufacturing methods. Two (2) or more features or features of size to which a locational geometric tolerance is applied and are grouped by one of the following methods (per Y14. or made by any other operation.46 Obstruction. only the diameter of a hole is given without indicating whether it is to be drilled. are excluded provided the necessary control dimensions are specified. However. hole. Gage or code numbers may be shown in parentheses following the dimension. A protrusion or opening that constitutes a complete break resulting in more than one distinct partial surface or element. See ANSI Y14. or located in a supplementary block of the drawing format. ALL OVER. (g) Dimensions should be arranged to provide required information for optimum readability. such as loft. The intersection of a surface of revolution and a planar section perpendicular to the axis of the surface of revolution that nominally occupies more than 180 degrees of rotation around the axis.3. No more dimensions than those necessary for complete definition shall be given. 1-68(a). such as NONMANDATORY (MFG DATA). (f) It is permissible to identify as nonmandatory certain processing dimensions that provide for finish allowance. quality assurance. it shall be specified on the drawing or in a document referenced on the drawing. (j) A 90° basic angle applies where centerlines of features in a pattern or surfaces shown at right angles on the drawing are located or defined by basic dimensions and no angle is specified.50 Pattern.3. (h) Wires. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 7 of 59 .3. Dimensions should be shown in true profile views and refer to visible outlines. and other requirements. 1.1. The surface that results from a closed contiguous contour in a given plane projected along a vector normal to the plane.3. etc. (i) A 90 degree angle applies where center lines and lines depicting features are shown on a drawing at right angles and no angle is specified.) See Fig. (d) Dimensions shall be selected and arranged to suit the function and mating relationship of a part and shall not be subject to more than one interpretation. and master layouts prepared on stable material.3. sheets. (b) Dimensioning and tolerancing shall be complete so there is full understanding of the charac- C2B teristics of each feature. except for those dimensions specifically identified as reference.. processing. 1. An opening that violates a part surface and does not constitute an interruption. 1. templates. in those instances where manufacturing. See Fig.47 Recess. provided the final dimensions are given on the drawing. 1. punched. (c) Each necessary dimension of an end product shall be shown. shrink allowance.1. Dimensioning and tolerancing shall clearly define engineering intent and shall conform to the following. a) Each dimension shall have a tolerance. (For example: The material that remains or is removed by extruding an outline of a planar closed geometric shape in a single vector direction through material. Neither scaling (measuring the size of a feature directly from an engineering drawing) nor assumption of a distance or size is permitted. A single surface of revolution at a constant nominal radius containing at least one circular element that nominally occupies more than 180 degrees of rotation around an axis. etc. nSURFACES. maximum. shaft.49 Bounded Feature.48 Interruption. See Fig.2. nCOAXIAL HOLES.). 1-67(a).GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Note: A Uniform Thickness/Gap Feature is not a feature of size.e. 1. 2. Thus. (i. reamed.44 Circular Element.1. 1. (For Example. A protrusion that violates a part surface and does not constitute an interruption. and other materials manufactured to gage or code numbers shall be specified by linear dimensions indicating the diameter or thickness. 1. or environmental information is essential to the definition of engineering requirements. Nonmandatory processing dimensions shall be identified by an appropriate note. or INDICATEDα. The use of reference dimensions on a drawing should be minimized.4 Fundamental Rules. rods. annular groove(s). except as follows: Undimensioned drawings.5M-1994): nX. The tolerance may be applied directly to the dimension (or indirectly in the case of basic dimensions). full length of a major diameter of an external spline shaft. indicated by a general note. star pin. printed wiring.

1-40. 1. 1. (m) Unless otherwise specified. a detail drawing) is not mandatory for that feature at any other level (for example.2 shall not be used to orient features of size. size of chamfers. .9 Location Of Features.8 Dimensioning Features. size and depth of counterbores. the X shall be placed outside the basic dimension frame. (l) All dimensions and tolerances apply in a free state condition. shows the direction and extent of a dimension.7. and width of the feature. a phantom line. size of corner radii. Where used with a basic dimension. A dimension line. (n) Dimensions and tolerances apply only at the drawing level where they are specified.9. 1. Compensation may be made for measurements made at other temperatures. 1. The diameter of the spotfaced area is specified.5 shall not be used. Dimension lines shall be broken for the insertion of numerals as shown in Fig’s 1-2 and 1-4. (r) Direct tolerancing methods as described in paragraph 2.5. or a continuation of any of these lines. 1. 1. Note: Toleranced angles using degree/minutes/seconds as shown in Fig’s 1-1. and surface intersections. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 8 of 59 October 2004 .4 Angular Units. The dimension origin symbol should be used when direct tolerancing is specified for the examples noted. 1-1. See Fig.2 shall not be used to locate features or features of size. Angle tolerance as described in paragraph 2.7. A dimension line is not used as an extension line.9(b) of ASME Y14. 2.5 Units of Measurement.8. 1.3(b) and 6. GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS 1. This principle does not apply to nonrigid parts as defined in paras. 21. size and depth of countersinks. See Fig. Either the depth or the remaining material shall be specified. Numerals indicate the number of units of a measurement.7. (o) Unless otherwise specified all dimensions apply after heat treat and surface treatment. 1.1.13 Spotfaces. Angular dimensions are expressed in degrees and decimal parts of a degree. and 2-13 shall not be used. all dimensions are applicable at 20°C (68°F).1 Dimension Lines. A dimension specified for a given feature on one level of drawing. center planes or surfaces are shown congruent on a drawing. (for example. 2-2. thread depth. with its arrowheads. an extension line.9 Dimensions Not to Scale. 1-73.5 Repetitive Features or Dimensions.7 Application Of Dimensions). all geometric tolerances apply for full depth. length.7. (q) A zero basic dimension applies where axes.C2B (k) Unless otherwise specified. The following shall not be used as a dimension line: a center line. size and depth of spotfaces. Paragraph 1. Repetitive features or dimensions may be specified by the use of an X in conjunction with a numeral to indicate the “number of places” required. an assembly drawing). See Fig.3. a line that is part of the outline of the object. Note: Direct tolerancing methods may be used for Uniform thickness/gap.

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-57 – Related And Unrelated Actual Mating Envelope © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 9 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-58 – Definition Of Opposed And Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 10 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-59 – Interrupted Cylindrical Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 11 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-60 Interrupted Opposed Parallel Surfaces Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 12 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-61 – Opposed Line Elements Feature of Size DATUM C2B © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 13 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-62 – Cylindrical Whole Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 14 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-63 – Cylindrical Whole Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 15 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-64 – Circular Element Interrupted Feature Of Size Figure 1-65 – Circular Element Interrupted Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 16 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-66 – Features Of Size – Opposed Parallel Line Elements And Opposed Parallel Surfaces © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 17 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-67 – Bounded Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 18 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-68 – Recess And Obstruction © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 19 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-69 .Interrupted Feature © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 20 of 59 October 2004 .

Whole Circular Element Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 21 of 59 .GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-70 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-71 Whole Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 22 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-72 .Whole Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 23 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 1-73 – Direct Tolerancing © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 24 of 59 October 2004 .

These criteria apply solely to individual features of size as defined in Para..GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 1-74 – Interrupted Opposed Parallel Surfaces Feature Of Size provided the feature of size does not extend beyond a boundary of perfect form at MMC. as well as size are allowed.7 Limits Of Size. variations in form are constrained by the MMC virtual condition of the specified posiPage 25 of 59 2 General Tolerancing and Related Principles 2. 1. are allowed. (b) Where a geometric tolerance is applied to a feature of size regardless of feature size. (a) Where only a tolerance of size is specified. orientation. variations in form are constrained by the MMC virtual condition of the specified orientation tolerance. no geometric tolerance of form. the limits of size of the individual feature of size prescribe the extent to which variations in its geometric form.7.3. Where only a geometric tolerance of position is applied at maximum material condition. the limits of size of the individual feature of size prescribe the extent to which variations in its geometric form. and no geometric form tolerance is specified. Variation in form is allowed © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 . or position is specified). The form of an individual feature of size is controlled to the extent prescribed in the following paragraphs. as well as size.e. (i. The following paragraphs define the criteria for the specified limits of a feature of size.1 Individual Feature of Size. 2. (c) Where a geometric tolerance of orientation is applied to a feature of size at maximum material condition and no geometric form tolerance is specified. Variation in form is allowed provided the feature of size does not extend beyond a boundary of perfect form at MMC.11 of this addendum.

Paragraph 2. 2.7. recess or interruption.1. Where only a geometric tolerance of position is applied at least material condition. the following methods are used.1.1. The limits of size do not control the orientation or location relationship between individual features.7. Note: When a feature of size contains a truncation. 2.1. (b) Specify a zero positional tolerance at MMC. portions of the part surface have no opposing elements and the actual local size cannot be found. the size and form of the surface must be within the maximum and minimum boundaries established by paragraph 2. including a datum reference (at MMC if applicable). Variation in form is allowed provided the feature of size does not extend beyond the MMC virtual condition of the applicable orientation or position tolerance. 5.7.11. 2.3 and 5. (d) Where a geometric tolerance of orientation is applied to a feature of size at least material condition and no geometric form tolerance is specified.13. Where non-opposed elements exist in a feature of size. coaxial.1.1.C2B tion tolerance. variations in form are constrained by the LMC virtual condition of the specified position tolerance.3 Relationship Between Individual Features. obstruction. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 26 of 59 October 2004 . 6.2.2 Variations of Form (Envelope Principle).2 of ASME Y14.1 Variations of Size. Variation in form is allowed provided the feature of size does not extend beyond the LMC virtual condition of the applicable orientation or position tolerance. See para. to control angularity. including a datum reference (at MMC if applica- GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS ble) to control coaxial or symmetrical features. (a) Specify a zero tolerance of orientation at MMC. perpendicularity. variations in form are constrained by the LMC virtual condition of the specified orientation tolerance.1. If it is necessary to establish a boundary of perfect form at MMC to control the relationship between features. See paras.2. or symmetrical to each other must be controlled for location or orientation to avoid incomplete drawing requirements. The actual local size of an individual whole feature of size at each cross section shall be within the specified tolerance of size except where a feature of size is truncated or has an obstruction or recess.7.5 shall not be used. These controls may be specified by one of the methods given in Sections 5 and 6.6. or parallelism of the feature. Features shown perpendicular.

2. the following practices apply for indicating RFS.2 and 6. Applicability of RFS.4 Effect of LMC.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS 2. Where a tolerance of position or orientation is applied on a zero tolerance at LMC basis. 2. an increase in the tolerance is allowed equal to the amount of such departure.1.8. See Figs.5 Effect of Zero Tolerance at LMC. Where the unrelated actual mating size of a primary datum feature of size. The tolerance is limited to the specified value if the feature of size is produced at MMC. Likewise. 5-13. No tolerance of position or orientation is allowed if the feature is produced at its LMC limit of size where the unrelated actual mating size of the considered feature has departed from LMC.8. RFS applies. an increase in the tolerance is allowed equal to the amount of such departure. 2. a tolerance is allowed equal to the amount of such departure.1. unless a maximum is specified. a tolerance is allowed equal to the amount of such departure.4. or both. The total permissible variation in position is maximum when the feature of size is at MMC. and 6-42. referencing a datum feature of size on an LMC basis means the datum is the axis or center plane of the feature of size at the LMC limit. 6-41 and 6-42. MMC. Where the unrelated actual mating size of the considered feature has departed from MMC. and LMC: (a) All Applicable Geometric Tolerances (Rule #2). Where the related actual mating size of the feature of size has departed from LMC. Where a tolerance of position or orientation is applied on a zero tolerance at MMC basis. with respect to the individual tolerance. the allowable tolerance is dependent on the related actual mating size of the considered feature of size.1.4. a deviation is allowed between its axis or center plane and the axis or center plane of the datum. Where a positional tolerance is applied on an LMC basis. 6. The total permissible variation in position or ori© Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved C2B entation is maximum when the feature is at LMC. See Figs. Likewise. a deviation is allowed between its axis or center plane and the axis or center plane of the datum. the allowable tolerance is dependent on the unrelated actual mating size of the considered feature of size. Note: Circular runout and total runout. In all cases. and LMC is limited to features subject to variations in size. datum reference. October 2004 Page 27 of 59 . Where a geometric tolerance is applied on an MMC basis. or the related actual mating size of a secondary or tertiary datum feature of size has departed from MMC value. The total permissible variation in the specific geometric characteristic is maximum when the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature of size is equal to LMC value. it is the derived median line and the derived median plane. 2. the tolerance is totally dependent on the size of the considered feature.3 Effect of Zero Tolerance at MMC. Where the unrelated actual mating size of the feature of size has departed from MMC.2 Effect of MMC. No tolerance of position or orientation is allowed if the feature is produced at its MMC limit of size.3. rather than the axis and center plane that are controlled. or the related actual mating size of a secondary or tertiary datum feature of size has departed from LMC. and LMC). referencing a datum feature of size on an MMC basis means the datum is the axis or center plane of the feature of size at the MMC limit or virtual condition. the tolerance is totally dependent on the unrelated actual mating size of the considered feature. MMC. MMC or LMC must be specified on the drawing where it is required. In the case of straightness covered in paras.8 Applicability of RFS. MMC. The tolerance is limited to the specified value if the feature of size is produced at its LMC limit of size.8. where no modifying symbol is specified. Where the unrelated actual mating size of a primary datum feature of size. 5-14.8. are applicable only on an RFS basis and cannot be modified to MMC or LMC.1. The total permissible variation in position or orientation is maximum when the feature is at MMC unless a maximum is specified. They may be datum features or other features whose axes or center planes are controlled by geometric tolerances.

2. the maximum actual thickness value is the minimum separation between two points a fixed distance apart that the entire uniform thickness feature will pass through. 2-25 and 2-26. When specifying a controlled radius.2 Controlled Radius Tolerance. 2. the surface finish requirements of the applicable radius must be noted. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 28 of 59 October 2004 . (b) For a uniform gap feature (internal).15. The maximum actual gap value is the maximum distance between the surfaces of a uniform gap feature. The minimum actual thickness value is the minimum distance between the surfaces of a uniform thickness feature. See Fig.C2B 2. radii taken at all points on the part contour shall neither be smaller than the specified minimum limit nor larger than the maximum limit. as defined in (a) and (b) below.16 Statistical Tolerancing. must be GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS within the specified Uniform Thickness/Gap tolerance limits. A Uniform Thickness/Gap tolerance specifies that the minimum and maximum actual Thickness/Gap value. Statistical tolerancing as described in Para. See Fig. 2-24. the part contour within the crescent-shaped tolerance zone must be a fair curve without reversals. If a controlled radius is specified.17 Uniform Thickness/Gap Tolerance. 2-19.16 and associated sub-paragraphs of ASME Y14. the minimum actual gap value is the maximum separation between two points a fixed distance apart that the entire uniform gap feature will pass over. See Fig. 2-23.5 shall not be used. 2. 2.15 Radius. A controlled radius symbol CR creates a tolerance zone defined by two arcs (the minimum and maximum radii) that are tangent to the adjacent surfaces. Additionally. (a) For a uniform thickness feature (external).

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 2-23 – Uniform Gap Tolerancing – Internal Feature © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 29 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 2-24 – Uniform Thickness Tolerancing – External Feature Figure 2-25 – Uniform Thickness Tolerancing – Cylindrical Feature Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 30 of 59 October 2004 .

one of them may be replaced by the datum feature triangle. 3. O. The triangle may be tangent to the feature. when the datum is the axis. Each datum feature of a part requiring identification shall be assigned a different letter. 4-40.6. or on an extension line of the feature outline. When datum features requiring identification on a drawing are so numerous as to exhaust the single alpha series. For CAD systems. 3-3 and 327. it need not be identified as reference. BA through BZ. dimension line. or feature control frame as follows: (a) Placed on the outline of a feature surface.) shall be used and enclosed in a rectangular frame. and Q) are used as datum identifying letters.2 Datum Feature Symbol.3. terminating with a triangle. See Figs. (c) placed on the outline of a cylindrical feature surface or an extension line of the feature outline. 3-4(a) through (c). extension line. (e) placed on the planes established by datum targets on complex or irregular datum features (see para. (b) placed on an extension of the dimension line of a feature of size when the datum is the axis or center plane. 4. or to re-identify previously established datum axes or planes on repeated or multi-sheet drawing requirements.3 Symbol Construction. See Fig. the double alpha series (AA through AZ.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 2-26 – Uniform Thickness Tolerancing – Formed Sheet Stock Part separated from the dimension line. Letters of the alphabet (except I. The datum feature symbol is applied to the concerned feature surface outline. See Figs. or placed above or below and attached to a feature control frame controlling the feature. 3 Symbology 3. when the datum feature is the surface itself. See Figs. 3-4(d) and (f). The triangle may be filled or not filled. The symbolic means of indicating a datum feature consists of a capital letter enclosed in a square frame and a leader line extending from the frame to the concerned feature. 3-2. If there is insufficient space for the two arrows. etc. Where the same datum feature symbol is repeated to identify the same feature in other locations of a drawing. separated from the size dimension. See Fig.7). clearly October 2004 © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 31 of 59 . (d) placed on a leader line to the feature.

4-48 indicates that the datum feature is on the far (hidden) surface. The symbolic means of indicating that a uniform Thickness/Gap tolerance applies. (e) locating the frame in a note or in a chart that clearly identifies the feature(s) to which the frame applies. See Fig. See Fig.5 Feature Control Frame Placement. 2-26. 3-25. (h) the use of a dashed radial leader line. See Figs. as in Fig. See Fig. (c) attaching a side or an end of the frame to an extension line from the feature. 2-24. See Fig. See Fig. the notation THK follows a direct tolerance specification. 3-25.25 Uniform Thickness/Gap Symbols. This symbol is used with Profile of a Line or Profile of a Surface. For a gap feature (internal). 2-25 and Fig.18 All Around Symbol. (d) attaching a side or an end of the frame to an extension of the dimension line pertaining to a feature of size. See Fig. 3-5 and 3-23. provided it is a plane surface. For a thickness feature (external). © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 32 of 59 October 2004 . 3-30 and 6-55.24 Unequal Bilateral Symbol. See Fig. 2-23. 3. 3-17. the notation GAP follows a direct tolerance specification. See Fig. 3-25. 3.3.C2B (f) placed above or below and attached to the feature control frame when the feature (or group of features) controlled is the datum axis or datum center plane. The feature control frame is related to the considered feature by one of the following methods: (a) locating the frame below or attached to a leader-directed callout or dimension pertaining to the feature. only in the view in which the symbol is pointing to the outline. when only one plane of a cylindrical feature of size is the desired datum. 3-25. The symbolic means of indicating that a tolerance applies either unilaterally or unequally disposed about the true profile.3. The symbolic means of indicating that a tolerance applies to surfaces all around the part is a circle located at the junction of the leader from the feature control frame. See Figs. (g) placed on an extension line parallel to the center plane and separated from the size dimension. 3-29 for MMC application. 3-28 for RFS application and Fig. GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS 3.3. (b) running a leader from the frame to the feature. 3. All around the part means all around the outline.

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 3-27 – Datum Feature Symbol Placement – Surface Figure 3-28 Datum Feature Placement – Feature Of Size – Rfs – One Direction © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 33 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 3-29 – Datum Feature Placement – Feature Of Size – MMC – One Direction Figure 3-30 – Size And Proportion Of Unequal Bilateral Symbol © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 34 of 59 October 2004 .

4. respectively. unrelated actual mating envelope for RFS primary applications or related actual mating envelope for RFS secondary or tertiary applications). These surfaces are most important to the design and function of the part. forgings. Datum features must be specified in an order of precedence to position a part properly on the datum reference frame. from left to right.3. 4. (a) Primary Datum Feature — Diameter RFS. See Fig. Where a feature is referenced as a secondary (or tertiary) datum and is opposed to the datum axis (or center plane).4. A cylindrical datum feature is associated with two theoretical planes of a datum reference frame intersecting at right angles on the datum axis when the cylindrical datum is primary. If irregularities on the surface of a primary or secondary datum feature are such that the part is unstable (that is. may be used temporarily to establish permanent datum features. (b) a maximum material condition boundary (MMC concept). See Fig. in the feature control frame.4 Specifying Datum Features In An Order Of Precedence. This in turn makes the geometric relationships that exist between the features measurable. Surfaces D. 4. or a related actual mating envelope for a secondary or tertiary datum. 4-10.3 Specifying Datum Features RFS. or centering device) is used to simulate a true geometric counterpart of the feature and to establish the datum axis or center plane.3. a secondary. 4.3 Datum Features.5 Establishing Datums. such as castings.5. (c) a least material condition boundary (LMC concept). See para. A machine element that is variable in size (such as a chuck. if necessary. 4. (f) a mathematically defined contour.1 Temporary and Permanent Datum. See Fig. mandrel. machinings. 4. it wobbles) when brought into contact with the corresponding surface of a fixture. since they appear in that order in the feature control frame. The datum of a cylindrical surface is the axis of the true geometOctober 2004 C2B ric counterpart of the datum feature (For example. (b) Datum feature – opposed to a datum axis. to simulate the datum. The desired order of precedence is indicated by entering the appropriate datum feature reference letters. Where a nominally flat surface is specified as a datum feature. or secondary while the primary datum is a plane perpendicular to the cylindrical datum . 4. (d) a virtual condition boundary. Where a feature is referenced as a secondary (or tertiary) datum and is non-opposed (offset) to the datum axis (or center plane). The extent of contact depends on whether the surface is a primary.1 Datum Features Not Subject to Size Variations. the datum feature simulator is oriented relative to the higher ranking datums and is movable to accommodate allowable variation in the location of the datum feature. See Figs. and F. 42(b). Figure 4-2 illustrates a part where the datum features are plane surfaces. Where a datum feature of size is applied on an RFS basis.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS 4 Datum Referencing 4.2 Immobilization Of Part. 4-2(a). and simulated by the axis of a cylinder in the processing equipment. 4-5. and F are the primary. and 4-12. Where features of a part have been identified as datum features. 4. and tertiary datum features. E. The simulated datum is the axis of the true geometric counterpart of the datum feature. 4-40(a). (e) An unrelated actual mating envelope for a primary datum. 4-40(b). See para. Features. E. or fabrications. the datum feature simulator is constrained by the basic dimensions of the drawing. the datum features are identified as Surfaces D.2 Parts With Cylindrical Datum Features. The axis of the true geometric counterpart serves as the origin of measurement from which other features of the part are located. A true geometric counterpart of a feature used to establish a datum may be: (a) a plane. or a tertiary datum feature. secondary. 4. the part is oriented and immobilized relative to the three mutually perpendicular planes of the datum reference frame in a selected order of precedence. In fig. as illustrated by Fig. 4-11. the datum is established by physical contact between the feature surface(s) and surface(s) of the processing equipment. It is recommended that such temporary datum features not be subsequently removed by manufacturing processes.4. the part may be adjusted to an optimum position. The true geometric counterpart (or unrelated actual mating envelope) is the smallest circumscribed (for an external feature) or largest inscribed (for Page 35 of 59 © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved . the corresponding datum is simulated by a plane contacting points of that surface.5. vise. Selected datum features of in-process parts.3 (a) Datum feature – non-opposed to a datum axis.

See Fig. The tertiary datum feature may be aligned with a datum axis as in Fig. the size of the true geometric counterpart is determined by the specified MMC limit of size of the datum feature. (b) Datum feature of size (MMC) – opposed to a datum axis. See Figs. See Fig. (c) Secondary Datum Feature RFS — Diameter or Width. See para. In Fig. Datum B in Fig. The method in paragraph 4. (d) Tertiary Datum Feature — Diameter or Width RFS. Variations in the size and perpendicularity of datum feature A are permitted to occur within this cylindrical boundary. a displacement of its axis relative to the datum axis is allowed.1. Where a feature of size is referenced at RFS as a secondary (or tertiary) datum and is not opposed to the datum axis or center plane.4 Specifying Datum Features at MMC. The datum axis is the axis of the smallest circumscribed cylinder that contacts diameter A and is perpendicular to the datum plane — that is. (a) Datum feature of size (MMC) – non-opposed to a datum axis. the related actual mating envelope relative to the primary and secondary datum. 4-15 or offset from a plane of the datum reference frame. 4-11 and 4-12. Where a feature of size is referenced at MMC as a secondary (or tertiary) datum and is opposed to the datum axis or center plane. (e) Datum feature of size (RFS) – non-opposed to a datum axis. surface B is the primary datum feature. the true geometric counterpart is oriented relative to the higher ranking datums and is movable to accommodate allowable variation in the location of the feature of size. 415 illustrates this principle for diameters. In addition to size variations.5. 4-18(c). 4-13 and 4-14. diameter A is the secondary datum feature and RFS is applied. or its MMC virtual condition.6.3 Cylindrical Feature at MMC Secondary. the tertiary datum (axis or center plane) is established in the same manner as indicated in (c) above with an additional requirement: The contacting cylinder or parallel planes must be oriented in relation to both the primary and the secondary datum — that is. 4. 441(b). the true geometric counterpart is constrained by the basic dimension. 4-18(d). as the related actual mating envelope of datum feature A departs from its maximum size. the same principle applies for widths. Furthermore. Where a feature of size is referenced at RFS as a secondary (or tertiary) datum and is opposed to the datum axis or center plane.5. the related actual mating envelope relative to the primary datum. (b) Primary Datum Feature — Width RFS. See Fig.5 Specifying Datum Features at LMC. For both external and internal features. The simulated datum is the center plane of the true geometric counterpart of the datum feature.5. Where a feature of size is referenced at MMC as a secondary (or tertiary) datum and is not opposed to the datum axis or center plane. For both external and internal features. 442(a).5 shall not be used. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 36 of 59 October 2004 . this cylinder encompasses any variation in perpendicularity between diameter A and surface B. machine and gaging elements in the processing equipment that remain constant in size may be used to simulate a true geometric counterpart of the feature and to establish the datum.5 of ASME Y14. GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS 4. 441(a). the primary datum feature. the secondary datum (axis or center plane) is established in the same manner as indicated in (a) and (b) above with an additional requirement: The contacting cylinder or parallel planes of the true geometric counterpart must be oriented to the primary datum (usually a plane) — that is.6.C2B an internal feature) perfect cylinder that contacts the datum feature surface. the true geometric counterpart is constrained by the basic dimension. 4. 5. The datum axis is the axis of a virtual condition cylinder of fixed size that is perpendicular to the datum plane B. the related actual mating envelope of a diameter that is perpendicular to datum plane B. the true geometric counterpart is constrained by the basic dimensions.2 Surface Primary. (f) Datum feature of size (RFS) – opposed to a datum axis. In each case. In Fig. diameter A is the secondary datum feature and MMC is applied. See Figs.5. surface B is the primary datum feature.2.5. where applicable. The true geometric counterpart (or unrelated actual mating envelope) is two parallel planes at minimum separation (for an external feature) or maximum separation (for an internal feature) that contact the corresponding surfaces of the datum feature. See Fig. 442(b). 4. Where a datum feature of size is applied on an MMC basis.

Where an individual orientation or location tolerance is applied to a feature and the default restrained requirement is noted. Where it is desired to use a surface and a feature of size as a single datum reference. 4-51. the method shown in Fig. Note: The position tolerance shown in Fig. Where it becomes impracticable to delineate a circular target area. 4-50. a note similar to the ones shown in Figs. 4-29(b) may be used. Where datums are established by the true geometric counterpart of datum targets. Identification of two features to establish a single datum plane may be required where separation of the features is caused by an obstruction.5.6 Datum Targets.6. shall be shown on the drawing. 4. The datum target area may be indicated by section lines inside a phantom outline of the desired shape.5.2 Datum Target Dimensions.3 Specifying a Plane And a Feature of Size as a Single Datum Reference. Full contact of the entire datum feature with the datum feature simulators not required. See Figs.5.13 Specifying Parallel Offset Datum Features.4 Specifying The Unrestrained Requirement For A Particular Datum(s) When The Restrained Condition Is Noted. 4-47 and 4-48.3 Datum Target Areas. Basic dimensions are omitted when the true geometric counterpart of datum targets are movable. The free state symbol is specified following the datum reference and any modifiers in the feature control frame.7. 4-46 may be used.7.1. 4. the datum planes may be identified as shown in Fig. all datum features shall contact all datum feature simulators. The diameter of circular areas is given in the upper half of the datum target symbol. 4. forces may be applied in accordance with the specified restraint requirement to flex or deform the part.1 Simulation of a Single Datum Plane.7 Datums Established from Datum Targets. In C2B these cases. It may be necessary to use multiple features of size to establish datum planes when the restrained requirement is invoked. 4-29(a) and 451. a note describing the movement of the targets shall be specified. such as in Fig. For controlling co-planarity of these surfaces. Where it is desired to use parallel offset planar features to establish a datum. MAKE BOLDTo invoke the restrained requirement.6. 4-43 are examples of a single datum plane simulated.14 Specifying Angled Datum Features Simultaneously. 4-44 may be used. 4-47 and 4-49.7. 4.5 Restraining Parts Using Features Of Size. 4. 6. 4-45 may be used. The part may or may not contact the unclamped datum target simulator when the datum targets define the datum plane. unless otherwise specified. 4. 4. 4. see Para. See Figs. In order for the datum features to engage the datum feature simulators. It is used to establish the virtual condition pins that will restrain the part in an installed condition.5. When dimensions are used to define the location of datum targets. When the true geometric counterpart of a datum target is movable. unless otherwise specified.7.6.5. Fig. the method of indication shown in Fig.7. 4. a slot) of sufficient width.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS 4.6.8 Use Of Material Condition Modifiers with Restrained Datums. 4-51. or by a recess (for example. It may be desirable during dimensional measurement to restrain a part or assembly to simulate its function or interaction with other parts or assemblies. with controlling basic dimensions added.7. When restraint is applied. When using features of size as datum features. the free state symbol may be used to indicate that the restrained requirement does not apply to particular datum features.2 Specifying The Restrained Requirement As Default. 4. See Fig. 4-50 for datum feature B (pattern of four holes) is not used to measure the free state location of the holes.7 Contacting Datum Simulators. the method shown in Fig. consideration must be given to the material condition (MMC or RFS) at which the datum features apply. The part surface in the area of the unrestrained datum target shall be within the tolerance specified for that surface.7. The datum feature symbol shall be attached only to identifiable datum features. the method shown in Fig. 4. 4-20 and Fig. 4. This section establishes the principles and methods for defining and referencing restrained datum features. 4. See Fig. geometric tolerances apply with the specified datum feature(s) referenced in feature control frame(s) restrained to the nominally designed condition. When the feature control frame specifies a secondary or tertiFormatted: Font: Bold Formatted: Font: Bold © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 37 of 59 . Where it is desired to use two angled features to establish a single datum.7 Restraining Datum Features. by simultaneously contacting the high points of two surfaces. they shall be defined with basic dimensions. 4-20.

See 4. 4. the location and direction is applied over each datum target. Two slots. the part is placed on the primary datum surface or datum targets. 4. (b) Described in another document. 6-54. When this method is straining force shall be shown on specified in another document.8.) shall be used.7. the part may be moved on the gage within the allowable gage looseness (difference between the virtual condition boundary and the actual mating size) to optimize the part location and then clamped. In the case of secondary or tertiary datum features of size specified to apply at MMC.1 Application Of Force On A Restrained Datum. 4. specified in another document. positively positioned on the RFS datum features of size and then clamped. See Fig. 4-48. i. 4.5. direction and size of restraint is specified in another document.7. shields. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 38 of 59 October 2004 . (a) When datum targets are specified.5M Fig. normal to the datum and the same size and shape of the datum feature unless otherwise specified. it is necessary to provide additional datum features in the X (length) direction. Additional restraints may not be used unless specifically designated on the drawing. (b) The amount of force specified is equal to the force the part will be subjected to in its installed condition. 4-48 the primary datum establishes the part in the Z (height) plane. datum feature B establishes the X (length) and Y (width) planes. 4.. which are both called datum feature C are used for this additional support. or covers. the rethe drawing or If the force is the document drawing. Because the part is not rigid. Several considerations must be made relative to restraining a part to verify tolerances. the location and direction is applied over the datum feature. The amount of force used to restrain a part shall be one of the following: (a) the amount required RESTRAINING the part on the datum feature simulators compliant to para 4. such as flexible plastics. shall be noted on the product ASME Y14. the document shall be noted on the product drawing. normal to the datum and the same size and shape of the datum target unless otherwise specified. torque.9 Pattern of Features as A Secondary or Tertiary Datum Feature.7. with reference to the other document on the drawing.8) or tertiary plane when the restrained requirement is invoked. (b) When the entire surface is specified as the datum feature.2 Location. direction and size of restraint shall be shown on the drawing or specified in another document. it may be necessary to utilize a pattern of features to establish a secondary (ASME Y14. In Fig.5M-1994 Para. Direction and Size of Restraint on A Restrained Datum Feature.C2B ary datum feature of size is to apply RFS. If the location.8. the range of accept- GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS able force (clamp load. In such cases.3 Sequence Of Restraints On A Restrained Datum Reference Frame. The location.e. fascias.8. specified. etc.8 Restraining Conditions. When applying GD&T to some types of parts. The sequence of applying restraints shall be specified in the following manner: (a) On the drawing with a note.

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 4-40 – Interpretation For Secondary (Or Tertiary) Datum Feature Where Next Higher Ranking Datum Is An Axis (Or Center Plane) – Secondary (Or Tertiary) Datum Feature Is A Plane © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 39 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 4-41 – Interpretation For Secondary (Or Tertiary) Datum Feature Where Next Higher Ranking Datum Is An Axis (Or Center Plane) – Secondary (Or Tertiary) Datum Feature Is A Feature Of Size – RFS © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 40 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 4-42 – Interpretation For Secondary (Or Tertiary) Datum Feature Where Next Higher Ranking Datum Is An Axis (Or Center Plane) – Secondary (Or Tertiary) Datum Feature Is A Feature Of Size – MMC © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 41 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 4-43 – Method Of Specifying Coplanar Datum Features – Common Plane Figure 4-44 – Method Of Specifying Coplanar Datum Features – Parallel Offset Planes © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 42 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 4-45 – Using Angled Part Features As Datum Features © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 43 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 4-46 – Surface And Feature Of Size At MMC. Single Datum Reference © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 44 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 4-47 – Indication Of Unrestrained Datum Targets © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 45 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 4-48 – Multiple Features Of Size As A Secondary Or Tertiary Datum Feature © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 46 of 59 October 2004 .

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 4-49 – Specifying Restrained Datum © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 47 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 4-50 – Part Restrained On Features Of Size © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 48 of 59 October 2004 .

See Fig. the tolerance in terms of the axis may theoretical boundary located at true position. (a) In Terms of the Surface of a Hole. changeability requirements. 5-8.2. It is only where the hole is feature B departs from MMC.1 Explanation of Positional Tolerance at fied positional tolerance for a hole may be exMMC.2. Where the unrelated actual mating size of axis (datum B at MMC) in an amount equal to the hole is larger than MMC. A positional tolerance applied at MMC ceeded and still satisfy function and intermay be explained in either of the following ways. 5-6(a) and (b). See Fig. a group of located at true position. In such cases. 5-5. 5-6(c). is at MMC (minimum diameter). The diameter of this features (such as a group of mounting holes) zone is equal to the positional tolerance. Where the unrelated actual mating size is larger than MMC. terms of the surface.3.2 Displacement Allowed by Datum Feawithin a cylindrical tolerance zone whose axis is tures at MMC. While Note: In certain cases of extreme form deviation maintaining the specified size limits of the hole.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 4-51 – Datum Target Areas tolerance results. 5-7. This tolerance zone also MMC. Where datum face. Where a hole interpretation shall take precedence. mating size of the hole. the speci5. See Fig. This increase of positional tolerance is equal to the difference 5 Tolerances of Location between the specified maximum material condi5. not be exactly equivalent to the tolerance in See Fig. its axis determines the location of the the axis of the hole in relation to the datum surpattern of features as a group. additional positional © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 49 of 59 . Where datum feature B is at defines the limits of variation in the orientation of MMC. See must be positioned relative to a datum feature at Figs.3. its axis must fall 5. (within limits of size) or orientation deviation of no element of the hole surface shall be inside a the hole. the surface (b) In Terms of the Axis of a Hole.3 Fundamental Explanation of Positional tion limit of size (MMC) and the unrelated actual Tolerancing. its axis may be at MMC that the specified tolerance zone apdisplaced relative to the location of the datum plies. In many instances.

the shift of the axis of the datum feature is automatically accommodated. 5. provided features are within size limits.25 0. and only the interrelationship between the features of size is controlled with position tolerance. The principle of positional tolerancing at MMC can be extended in applications where it is necessary to provide greater tolerance within functional limits than would otherwise be allowed. However. Note that the maximum size limit of the clearance holes remains the same.C2B one-half the difference between its actual mating size and MMC size.1. Figure 5-10 shows a drawing of the same part with a zero positional tolerance at MMC specified. In this case. as a group. Where a part has two or more coaxial diameters. the October 2004 © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved .3.25 14.3. Since the axis of the datum features actual mating envelope must serve as the origin of measurements for the pattern of features. as a group. had been displaced relative to the axis of the datum feature’s actual mating envelope. if open set-up inspection methods are used to check the location of the feature pattern relative to the axis of the datum feature’s actual mating envelope. If the position tolerance is applied RFS.11. a positional tolerance of some magnitude is specified for the location of features.3 Zero Positional Tolerance at MMC. the positional tolerance allowed is totally dependent on the unrelated actual mating size of the considered feature. the positional tolerance allowed is in direct proportion to the actual clearance hole size as shown by the following tabulation: Clearance Hole Diameter (Feature Unrelated Actual Mating Size) 14 14.1 Example of Zero Positional Tolerance at MMC. 5. to be maintained regardless of the features’ unrelated actual mating sizes.3. but produced to a size smaller than the specified minimum (outside of limits). with respect to the axis of the datum feature does not effect the positional tolerance of the features relative to one another within the pattern. 5-10 is zero at MMC. The application of MMC permits the tolerance to exceed the value specified. 5. but the minimum was adjusted to correspond with a 14 mm diameter fastener. This requirement imposes a closer control of the features involved and introduces complexities in verification. Where a part has two or more coaxial diameters.1 14. the feature surfaces must be within the coaxial virtual conditions simultaneously.3. the increase being equal to the conventional positional tolerance specified in Fig.11 Coaxiality Controls. In certain cases. and the feature locations are such as to make the part acceptable. this must be taken into account. as explained in para. requires the axis of each feature to be located within the specified positional tolerance regardless of the size of the feature. 5.8 Symmetrical Relationships Using Positional Tolerance Without a Datum Reference.4 RFS as Related to Positional Tolerancing. In the preceding explanation. datum reference.7 Coaxial Relationships Using Positional Tolerance Without a Datum Reference. RFS.3 0. the design or function of a part may require the positional tolerance. Although the positional tolerance specified in Fig. Note: The actual mating envelope would be unrelated for a primary datum feature and related for a secondary or tertiary datum feature.1. no datum references are specified.5 Positional Tolerance Diameter Allowed 0 0. rejection of usable parts can occur where these features are actually located on or close to their true positions. 5.2 14. no datum references are specified. 2. the axes of the unrelated actual mating envelopes must be within the specified cylindrical tolerance zone simultaneously.5 5. However.4 14. or both. If the position tolerance is applied MMC. the features are therefore viewed as if they. where applied to the positional tolerance of circular features. and specifying a zero positional tolerance at MMC. 59.3.3 14.4 0.11. If the position tolerance is applied RFS. This results in an increase in the size tolerance for the clearPage 50 of 59 GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS ance holes. See Figs. and only the interrelationship between the features of size is controlled with position tolerance. Note: If a functional gage is used to check the part. 5-63 and 5-64. This relative shift of the pattern of features.1 0. This is accomplished by adjusting the minimum size limit of a hole to the absolute minimum required for insertion of an applicable fastener located precisely at true position.2 0.8.

the position symbol is used in the feature control frame with the between symbol specified beneath. IMC. the form is constrained by the boundary established by the position or orientation control. To constrain the boundary of a nominally cylindrical part with bends.14 Symmetry Tolerancing to Control the Median Points of Opposed or Correspondingly Located Elements of Features. the feature surfaces must be within the coaxial virtual conditions simultaneously. An MMC modifier must be specified in the tolerance portion of the feature control frame. such as a tube. The tolerance applies to the extent defined by the between specification including the bend areas.13 Positional Tolerancing For Symmetrical Relationships.14 of ASME Y14. Positional tolerancing for symmetrical relationships is that condition where the center plane of the unrelated actual mating envelope of one or more features is congruent with axis or center plane of a datum feature within specified limits. When datums are specified. Paragraph 5.16 Position Of A Cylindrical Part With Bends.1 Concentricity Tolerancing. When datums are not specified.12. 5. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 51 of 59 . hose or rod.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS axes of the unrelated actual mating envelopes must be within the specified cylindrical tolerance zone simultaneously.12 Concentricity. If the position tolerance is applied MMC. 5. 5-65.1 of ASME Y14. the tolerance specification controls the form and the interrelationship between the applicable features.12. 5. or RFS modifiers may be specified to apply to both the tolerance and the datum feature.2 of ASME Y14.2 Difference Between Coaxiality Controls and Concentricity. MMC. The collective effects of the MMC condition of the stated size tolerance and the associated position tolerance define the boundary.5 shall not be used.5 shall not be use. Paragraph 5. C2B 5. 5.12. Paragraph 5.5 shall not be used.12. 5. See Fig.

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 5-63 – Coaxial Features Of Size – Same Size – Without Datum Reference Figure 5-64 – Coaxial Features Of Size – Different Sizes – Without Datum Reference © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 52 of 59 October 2004 .

Profile. 3-30 and 6-55. (In the following figures of Y14. the profile tolerance must be contained within the size limits.) 6 Tolerances of Form. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 53 of 59 . and location. 6-18. (a) An appropriate view or section is drawn showing the desired basic profile. The profile tolerance specifies a uniform boundary along the true profile within which the elements of the surface must lie. Where used as a refinement of size. 6-15. form. and Runout 6. Profile tolerances are specified as follows.5. 6.1 Profile Tolerancing. It is used to control form or combinations of size. 6-16. the Unequal Bilateral symbol is added to the feature control frame following the tolerance value.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 5-65 – Position Tolerancing Of A Nominally Cylindrical Feature Of Size With Bends (b) Unilaterally and unequally disposed profiles may be specified in a feature control frame with a leader directed to the surface. Orientation. orientation. When specifying a profile of a surface tolerance unilaterally or unequal disposed bilaterally.5 the method of specifying unilateral or unequal bilateral profile tolerancing is replaced by the method described in this addendum: Figs: 6-11. A second value is added following the Unequal Bilateral symbol to indicate the amount of the tolerance that applies outside of the material.5 Profile Control. See Figs.

6-27. An angularity tolerance specifies one of the following: (a) a tolerance zone defined by two parallel planes at the specified basic angle from one or more datum planes or a datum axis. See Fig. 6-56.2. See Fig. which the axis of the considered feature must lie. See Fig.5. See Figs.2 Angularity.5. 6-14.1 Explanation of Composite Control. to clarify a free state requirement on a drawing containing restrained feature notes. 6-29 (d) a tolerance zone defined by two parallel lines at the specified basic angle from a datum plane or axis. In this example. 6-53. 6. See Fig. See Figs. the positional tolerance establishes a theoretical boundary shaped identically to the basic profile. 6.8.2 Specifying Geometric Tolerances on Features to Be Restrained When a general restraint note is specified on the drawing.. and the entire feature surface must lie outside the boundary. within. 6. following the tolerance and any modifiers. within. or a datum axis within which the axis of the considered feature of size must lie. which the line element of the surface must lie. 6. 6. To invoke this concept. (c) A cylindrical tolerance zone at the specified basic angle from one or two datum planes.1 Boundary Control for a Noncylindrical Feature. For an external feature. 6-12. all geometric tolerances shall be within stated values unless otherwise specified. the basic dimensions and the profile tolerance establish a tolerance zone to control the shape and size of the feature. See Fig. Geometric tolerances applied as a boundary control for a noncylindrical feature (i. the extent of each profile tolerance may be indicated by the use of reference letters to identify the extremities or limits of each requirement.e. 6. The lower segment serves to establish the limits of form and/or size. 6. See Fig. Where tolerance is applied to a feature in the free state. Angularity is the condition of a surface. and the entire feature surface must lie within the boundary. or to separate a free state requirement from associated features having restrained requirements. which the surface or center plane of the considered feature must lie. the symbol used to designate “all around” is placed on the leader from the feature control frame. 6-28.8 Free State Variation. 6-25 and 6-26.5. the extent of the profile tolerance must be indicated. For an internal feature. the term BOUNDARY is placed beneath the positional tolerance feature control frame.8. The free state symbol may be placed within the feature control frame. Datum referencing in the upper segment of a composite profile feature control frame serves to locate the feature profile locating tolerance zone relative to specified datums.C2B (c) Where a profile tolerance applies all around the profile of a part. the boundary equals the MMC size of the profile minus the positional tolerance.1 Specifying Geometric Tolerances on Features Subject to Free State Variation. center plane. The tolerance values represent the distance between two boundaries disposed about the true profile as defined by the basic dimensions and respective applicable datums. GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS 6. The actual surface of the controlled feature must lie within both the profile locating tolerance zone and the profile size/form/orientation tolerance zone. the boundary equals the MMC size of the profile plus the positional tolerance. specify the maximum allowable free state variation with an appropriate feature control frame. See Fig. Each feature is located from specified datums by basic dimensions.1.9. When datums are specified in the lower segment. within. Profile tolerancing may be combined with positional tolerancing where it is necessary to control the boundary of a noncylindrical feature. 3-18 and 6-54. or axis at a specified angle from a datum plane or axis. 6-25 and 6-26.1 Angularity Tolerance. 6-13. See Fig 6-56. Similarly. (b) a tolerance zone defined by two parallel planes at the specified basic angle from one or more datum planes or a datum axis. position or orientation controls) may be specified with a single leader line as shown in Fig.6. Additionally. if some segments of the profile are controlled by a profile tolerance and other segments by individually toleranced dimensions. See Figs. Where segments of a profile have different tolerances. the tolerance zone is oriented to the datums. © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 54 of 59 October 2004 .6 Orientation Tolerances.6.

GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS C2B Figure 6-55 – Specifying Unequal Profile Tolerance © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 55 of 59 .

C2B GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Figure 6-56 – Boundary Principle With Unequal Profile Tolerance © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 56 of 59 October 2004 .

C2B © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 57 of 59 . Consideration must be given for additional geometric conditions that could affect functions not accounted for in the following formulas. conditions such as fastener straightness. no clearance” fit when features are at maximum material condition with their locations in the extreme of positional tolerance.GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Appendix B – Formulas For Positional Tolerancing B1 General The purpose of this Appendix is to present formulas for determining the required positional tolerances or the required sizes of mating features to ensure that parts will assemble. The formulas are valid for all types of features or patterns of features and will give a “no interference. thread to shank run out. need to be considered to ensure assembly. and projected fastener length. When calculating positional tolerancing.

6-33 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope". an increase in the parallelism tolerance is allowed which is equal to such departure." Fig.05 diameter. Fig. 5-57 change "Axis of actual mating envelope" to "Axis of related actual mating envelope". 6-29 change "Regardless of feature size. 4-14 change (Parallel planes at maximum separation) to (Unrelated actual mating envelope). Fig.) To (Related actual mating envelope perpendicular to datum plane A. the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must lie within a 0. The feature axis must be within the specified tolerance of location" to "Regardless of feature size. F1 General Fig. 6-32 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope". Fig.2 apart which are inclined 60° to datum plane A.2 diameter cylindrical zone inclined 60° to datum plane A”.12 apart." Fig. the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature of size must lie between two parallel planes 0.00). The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must be within the specified tolerance of location. the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must lie between two parallel planes 0. The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope must be within the specified tolerance of location.C2B Appendix New F – Effect Of Changes To The Definition Of Actual Mating Envelope On The Figures In Y14. the feature axis must lie between two parallel planes 0. Center plane aligned with datum axis B. The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope must be within the specified tolerance of location.2 diameter cylindrical zone inclined 60° to datum plane A. 5-56 change "Axis of actual mating envelope" to "Axis of related actual mating envelope". Fig. Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "Regardless of feature size. Fig. The feature axis must be within the specified tolerance of location" to "Regardless of feature size. the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must lie within a 0. October 2004 © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved Page 58 of 59 . 6-28 change "Regardless of feature size. Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "When the unrelated actual mating envelope is at its maximum material condition (10.2 diameter cylindrical zone parallel to datum axis A. the feature axis must lie within a 0. 4-11 change (smallest circumscribed cylinder) to (unrelated actual mating envelope). Fig. 6-31 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope". Fig. 4-18(b) change (Smallest circumscribed cylinder) to (Unrelated actual mating envelope). Fig. 5-61 change "The center plane of datum feature A" to "Center plane of the unrelated actual mating envelope of datum feature A". 4-18(c) change (Smallest circumscribed cylinder perpendicular to datum plane B) to (Related actual mating envelope perpendicular to datum plane B). Center plane aligned with datum axis B. Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "Regardless of feature size. 4-15 change (Parallel planes at maximum separation perpendicular to datum plane A.) Fig. Fig. Fig. 4-21 change smallest pair of coaxial circumscribed cylinders to Related actual mating envelope (Smallest pair of coaxial circumscribed cylinders). 4-13 change (Parallel planes at minimum separation) to (Unrelated actual mating envelope).2 apart which are inclined 60° to datum plane A”.5. the maximum parallelism tolerance is 0. Where the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature departs from its MMC size. Fig. 4-12 change (Largest inscribed cylinder) to (Unrelated actual mating envelope). 5-60 change "The center plane of datum feature B is perpendicular to datum plane A" to "Center plane of the related actual mating envelope of datum feature B perpendicular to datum plane A". GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Fig. Fig.

a perpendicularity tolerance is allowed which is equal to such departure. 6-41 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope". 6-38 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope".GM ENGINEERING STANDARDS Fig. Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "Regardless of feature size.12 apart. The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must be within the specified tolerance of location. The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must be within the specified tolerance of location. C2B Fig. the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must lie within a cylindrical tolerance zone 0. The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope must be within the specified tolerance of location.1 maximum. the center plane of the unrelated actual Mating envelope of the feature must lie between two parallel planes 0. a perpendicularity tolerance is allowed which is equal to such departure. The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must be within the specified tolerance of location." Fig. the axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must lie between two parallel planes 0. which are perpendicular to datum plane A. 6-36 change "Possible orientation of feature center plane" to Possible orientation of center plane of unrelated actual mating envelope". The center plane of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must be within the specified tolerance of location." Fig. 6-42 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope"." Fig. Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "Where the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature is at its maximum material condition (50.4 diameter. 6-40 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope". Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "Regardless of feature size. Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "Where the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature is at its maximum material condition (50. Fig. 6-37 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope". In the note in the MEANS THIS change second and third sentences to read "Where the feature's unrelated actual mating envelope departs from its MMC size.00). which is perpendicular to and projects from datum plane for the feature height. Where the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature departs from MMC." Fig. Change the note in the MEANS THIS to read "Regardless of feature size. up to 0. 6-39 change "Possible orientation of feature axis" to Possible orientation of axis of unrelated actual mating envelope". its axis must be perpendicular to datum plane A. Where the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature departs from MMC.2 apart which are perpendicular to axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of datum feature A. The axis of the unrelated actual mating envelope of the feature must be within the specified tolerance of location. its axis must be perpendicular to datum plane A. an increase in the perpendicularity tolerance is allowed equal to the amount of such departure.00)." © Copyright 2004 General Motors Corporation All Rights Reserved October 2004 Page 59 of 59 .