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Flaps

Flaps

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Published by Irfan Ali

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Published by: Irfan Ali on Sep 10, 2011
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flap (flap

)
1. a mass of tissue for grafting, usually including skin, only partially removed from one part of the body so that it retains its own blood supply during transfer to another site. 2. an uncontrolled movement.

bone flap craniotomy involving elevation of a section of the skull. free flap an island flap detached from the body and reattached at the distant recipient site by microvascular anastomosis. jump flap one cut from the abdomen and attached to a flap of the same size on the forearm; the forearm flap is transferred later to some other part of the body to fill a defect there. myocutaneous flap a compound flap of skin and muscle with adequate vascularity to permit sufficient tissue to be transferred to the recipient site. pedicle flap a flap consisting of the full thickness of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, attached by tissue through which it receives its blood supply. rope flap one made by elevating a long strip of tissue from its bed except at its two ends, the cut edges then being sutured together to form a tube. rotation flap a local pedicle flap whose width is increased by having the edge distal to the defect form a curved line; the flap is then rotated and a counterincision is made at the base of the curved line to increase mobility of the flap. skin flap a full-thickness mass or flap of tissue containing epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. sliding flap a flap carried to its new position by a sliding technique.

Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. © 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

free flap
n. An island flap in which the donor vessels are severed and the flap is moved to the recipient site where it is revascularized.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Free flap
A section of tissue detached from its blood supply, moved to another part of the body, and reattached by microsurgery to a new blood supply.

Mentioned in: Breast Reconstruction

usually including skin. All rights reserved. The forearm flap is transferred later to some other part of the body to fill a defect there. . myocutaneous flap a compound flap of skin and muscle with adequate vascularity to permit sufficient tissue to be transferred to the recipient site. Inc. with a pedicle made up of only the nutrient vessels. 2. jump flap one cut from the abdomen and attached to a flap of the same size on the forearm. flap [flap] 1. rope flap tube flap. which increases the mobility of the flap. free flap an island flap detached from the body and reattached at the distant recipient site by microvascular anastomosis. random pattern flap a myocutaneous flap with a random pattern of arteries. rotation flap a local pedicle flap whose width is increased by having the edge distal to the defect form a curved line. an uncontrolled movement. Called also pedicle graft. a mass of tissue for GRAFTING. attached by tissue through which it receives its blood supply. the flap is then rotated and a counterincision is made at the base of the curved line. advancement flap sliding flap. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group.Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. axial pattern flap a myocutaneous flap containing an artery in its long axis. island flap a flap consisting of skin and subcutaneous tissue. as opposed to an axial pattern flap. pedicle flap a flap consisting of the full thickness of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue. only partially removed from one part of the body so that it retains its own blood supply during transfer to another site. See also axial pattern flap and random pattern flap.

antral flap in circumcostal gastropexy or belt loop gastropexy a seromuscular flap from the pyloric antrum is passed under a rib or strip of abdominal wall muscle and sutured back to its position on the stomach. a sinus. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine. bipedicle flap the space created by undermining skin between two parallel incisions can be used to reconstruct skin defects. Seventh Edition. with minimum disfigurement. sliding flap a flap carried to its new position by a sliding technique. seen particularly in the shoulder of dogs. called also advancement flap. a mass of tissue for grafting (1). bone flap a surgical procedure in which a flap is created in a flat bone by leaving one side of a rectangle cut in the bone intact. and subcutaneous tissue. and Allied Health. Nursing. only partially removed from one part of the body so that it retains its own blood supply during transfer to another site. tube flap (tubed pedicle flap) a bipedicle flap made by elevating a long strip of tissue from its bed except at the two extremities. Called also pouch flap. cartilage flap a detached piece of cartilage as a result of osteochondrosis dissecans. axial pattern flap pedicle flaps with a direct cutaneous artery and vein are transferred to defects within their radius with a high chance of survival.g. the cut edges then being sutured together to form a tube. . such as conjunctival. usually onto a distal limb which is inserted into the space. © 2003 by Saunders. an imprint of Elsevier. advancement flap release of a portion of tissue and reattachment at an advanced position. All rights reserved. See also specific sites. usually including skin. dermis.skin flap a full-thickness mass or flap of tissue containing epidermis. buccal flap a section of mucosa released from mucosa of the gum and lip used to close oronasal fistulas. an uncontrolled movement. e. flap 1. Inc. Used for gaining access to a cavity. 2.

severed at its insertion on the tibia and used to repair prepubic tendon ruptures or femoral hernias. ischial-pubic flap to increase exposure for surgery in the colorectal region. flap-imprint interlocking processes in adult cortical lens fibers. mucoperiosteal flap a section of oral mucosa. stimulate granulation and control adhesion. The bone flap created is reflected and replaced at the conclusion of the surgical procedure. omental flap transposed through subcutaneous tunnels and used to cover soft tissue defects. rotary door flap .composite flap skin with muscle. myocutaneous flap a compound flap of skin and muscle with adequate vascularity to permit sufficient tissue to be transferred to the recipient site. gingiva and underlying periosteum in periodontal surgery and tooth extractions. and with the assistance of relaxing incisions these are overlapped to ensure an adequate seal. external abdominal oblique muscle flap can be used to repair defects in the abdominal wall or caudal thoracic wall. Called also tubed graft. island flap a flap consisting of skin and subcutaneous tissue. rope flap one made by elevating a long strip of tissue from its bed except at its two ends. mucosal flap used in repair of defects in the oral cavity such as oronasal fistula and those created by excision of tumor and bone. Called also Cutler-Beard or buckethandle flap. bone or cartilage. the cut edges then being sutured together to form a tube. cranial sartorius muscle flap the muscle is dissected free. overlapping flap a technique for repair of cleft soft palate with two flaps. cross-lid flap a skin flap from an eyelid is used to fill a defect in the opposite lid. free flap an island flap detached from the body and reattached at the distant recipient site by microvascular anastomosis. pedicle flap see pedicle graft. osteotomies of the pubic and ischial bones may be required. with a pedicle made up of only the nutrient vessels. one on the oral side and one on the nasal side.

axial pattern. direct. rotation flap see pedicle graft. tracheal flap a method of placing a tracheostomy tube which will minimize the subsequent formation of excessive granulation tissue. The opening is made by cutting a flap across two tracheal rings and reflecting it to permit entry of the tube.a myocutaneous flap in which an island of skin is rotated to fill the airway defect created by laryngeal resection. composite. interpolating. Includes sliding-H flap and Zflap or Z-plasty. transposition flap rectangular flap of skin repositioned to fill a defect. based on the part isolation of a graft by creation of a flap which retains its original circulation while becoming established at the new site on the new blood supply. e. See also skin graft. Many types of flap are used. . skin flap a standard technique in skin grafting. sliding flap technique for closing skin wounds where there is a large deficiency of skin. the flap is replaced.g. After extubation. Skin around the defect is separated from its subcutis and the defect repaired by strategic additional incisions and the use of tension sutures. bipedicle. reverse saphenous conduit. delayed tube.

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