STAAD.

Pro 2007

BRITISH EXAMPLES MANUAL
DAA037800-1/0001

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad

STAAD.Pro 2007 is a suite of proprietary computer programs of Research Engineers, a
Bentley Solutions Center . Although every effort has been made to ensure the
correctness of these programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake, error
or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of these programs.

Copyright attribution: ©2008, Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Trademark attribution: STAAD.Pro, STAAD.foundation, Section Wizard,
STAAD.Offshore and QSE are either registered or unregistered trademarks or
service marks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or one of its direct or indirect
wholly-owned subsidiaries. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their
respective owners.
RELEASE 2007, Build 02
Published February, 2008

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilit ies to enable this task.
1.

2.
3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented
using lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triang ular
and quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick
elements. These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties,
orient cross sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber,
aluminum, specify supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program
generate loads, design parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, response spectrum and time histor y analysis.
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and
shear walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate
and solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third -party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users t o link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with p erhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed
book to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials: This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual: This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved
using the STAAD engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and
design problems commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment: This document contains a detailed description of the
Graphical User Interface (GUI) of STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model
generation, structural analysis and design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual: This manual deals with the theory behind the
engineering calculations made by the STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation
of the commands available in the STAAD command file.
International Design Codes: This document contains information on the various
Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum design codes, of several countries, that are
implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available
separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

iii

To access the built-in editor, first start the program and follow the
steps explained in Sections 1.3 and 1.4 of the Getting Started manual.

You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following
figure. In this dialog box, choose Open STAAD Editor.

and so on.std for example 8. namely. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands).std for example 1. For your convenience. and “spro2007” is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation. .iv At this point. examp01. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2007\staad\examp\uk where “X:” is the drive. the editor screen will open as shown below. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD. examp08.

To view their contents in the editor. Then. They too are installed along with the examples. go to the Edit menu. as shown below. click on the STAAD editor icon. open the file you are interested in. . or.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject. and choose Edit Input Command File.

. select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window).vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor.

17 155 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No. 21 189 . 3 27 Example Problem No. 4 35 Example Problem No. 19 173 Example Problem No.Table of Contents Part – I Example Problems Example Problem No. 8 65 Example Problem No. 14 121 Example Problem No. 2 19 Example Problem No. 10 85 Example Problem No. 18 165 Example Problem No. 11 93 Example Problem No. 9 75 Example Problem No. 20 183 Example Problem No. 16 147 Example Problem No. 13 113 Example Problem No. 15 133 Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No. 12 105 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No.

6 15 Verification Problem No. 24 221 Example Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No. 8 19 Verification Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No. 22 199 Example Problem No. 25 235 Example Problem No. 9 21 Verification Problem No. 23 209 Example Problem No. 29 281 Part – II Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 10 23 Verification Problem No. 12 31 . 5 11 Verification Problem No. 27 251 Example Problem No.Example Problem No. 7 17 Verification Problem No. 11 27 Verification Problem No. 26 243 Example Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 2 3 Verification Problem No. 28 263 Example Problem No.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

.

4) Example problem No. 6) Example problem No. 1 . 3) Example problem No. 5) Example problem No. . 2) Example problem No. 5 . 4 .A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. After one analysis. different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases.Plane frame with steel design. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. In this example.e. It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load). load/area of floor). 6 . member selection is requested. 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). 3 .This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No.This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. 2 . This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. Since member sizes change during the member selection.

Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members.A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure.This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. 9) Example problem No. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. 7 . 13) Example problem No. Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. The combined results are then used for steel design. 12) Example problem No. 11 .7) Example problem No. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. 10 .This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load.In this example.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. Design of an element is performed. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. 11) Example problem No. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall. 12 . Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. During this process. 8 . 8) Example problem No. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. To avoid looking into a lot of output.Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. 13 . 10) Example problem No. 9 . as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. .

. The maxima of the joint displacements.This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. 16) Example problem No. 19 . The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. 17) Example problem No. 18) Example problem No. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code.This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. member end forces and support reactions are determined. 21) Example problem No. 16 . 18 . 20 .The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. A P-Delta analysis is performed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 15 . 14 . The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system.14) Example problem No.A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. and we examine those in this example. 21 .A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities. 19) Example problem No.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 20) Example problem No. 17 . 15) Example problem No.This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element.

This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. 25) Example problem No. 27) Example problem No. 29) Example problem No. 26 .A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. Using the masterslave command.This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements. . 23) Example problem No. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. 28) Example problem No. 22 . 27 . The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example.22) Example problem No.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements.Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. 26) Example problem No. 23 . Since the structural condition is load dependent. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case. 24 . pier-cap girders and a deck slab. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading.This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 28 . 25 . Time History analysis is performed on this model. The structure consists of piers. 29 . 24) Example problem No.

NOTES .

NOTES .

Example Problem 1 Example Problem No. Since member sizes change during the member selection. 1 Plane frame with steel design. member selection is requested. 1 . After one analysis. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.

15 6 12. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 22 10 11 . 3 0 6 .Part I .5 11.5 8 9 10.3 . . 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 . 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 8 7 12 .5 .75 10. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . The word ST stands for standard single section.3 . 12 1. 19 10 13 . 9 2. 11 15 16 . 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 Member properties are from the British steel table. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 7 5 6 .3 2 6.Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used. Since this is a plane structure.4 6 8. 15 9 14 .25 10. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes.2 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. the Z coordinates need not be provided. 16 4. 12 13 15 . 4 3 6 5 6 6 . 6 9 6 . 16 11 14 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .4 14 3 12.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line.4 . 13 7.5 .2 3 7.5 3 4 6 4 5 .5 . 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 .5 11 4. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 7 0 10.5 11.5 10. 10 6.5 13. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. Semicolon signs (. 2 9 0 .

2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint.e. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis. strong axis moment) at node 3. Length unit is changed from METER to MM to facilitate the input. This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i. ALL DEN 76.977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 3 . etc. POISSON.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss.

5 .0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. Loads are applied on members 6. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. the factor of -1.0 .0 . . JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. 11 FY -155. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9. 6 UNI GY -17. Since global Y is vertically upward.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory.0. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction.0 indicates that this load will act downwards. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1. FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction.Part I .5 Load 1 contains member loads also. Load 1 contains joint loads also. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. and 8 to 13.

Example Problem 1 Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only.9 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF.75 The above command identifies a combination load (case no. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. The RATIO 5 . LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow. The second line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination. 3) with a title.75 2 0. etc. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. KY.85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line. This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0.

GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute.0 ALL RATIO 1.Part I . Hence. from among the associated member list. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members.9. . 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity.0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters.0 ALL TRACK 1. it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA. SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0.0. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. is assigned to all members in the list. The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1. Hence. PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. the cross sections for members 1. PARAMETER BEAM 1.

the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications. 7 .Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. STEEL TAKE OFF This command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes.

24.5 11. 21. 10 6.3 .000 1. 25. 3 2 6 . 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER 1 5 14 START JOINT END JOINT LENGTH (METE) BETA (DEG) 1 3 9 3 4 12 6. 4 3 6 5 6 6 . 6.25 10. 13. 32. 8. Intl. 4.172 0. 30.00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 34.Part I . 2.4 . 7 5 6 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 .5 10. 29.Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 12 13 15 . 15. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 28. 27. 8 7 12 . 1 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 11. 5. 17. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 19. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3 0 6 .5 11 4. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO.5 13. 2 3 7 .5 .5 8 9 10. 2 9 0 . 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 . 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 12 1. 12.3 . 9. 14.5 .4 14 3 12. 4 6 8 .000 3. 31. 16 4.5 . 7. 22 10 11 . 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 .0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 15 9 14 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10. 33.5 11. 6 9 6 . ALL DEN 76. 13 7. 15 6 12. 9 2. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .75 10. 20.00 0.2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 .977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 26. 23. 16 11 14 . 18. 3. 11 15 16 . PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 . 22. 19 10 13 . 16. 7 0 10. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .

00 29.36 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 35.60 34.07 47540. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15. 43. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.NO. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13. PRINT MEMBER FORCES 9 . 36.5 .54 5. 40.33 40250.33 33.NO.37 84. 47.60 5.61 21370.99 51.75 2 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN. 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3. 42.78 3908.00 50.72 66.54544 CM GLO X.00 2263.48726 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 2. UNIT .85 105.18 15. 46.11 11410.98 93. LOAD LIST 1 3 50. 44.61 792.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. 41.00 116. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.20 235.74 645.00 65.07 2007. 48.65 3. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 49. 6 UNI GY -17.90 60. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.0 * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.62 306.0 .55 IX/ SY 152.86 15.00 898. 45.24 21. 11 FY -155. 39. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.52 192.CM ----------------MEMB PROFILE 1 ST UC356X368X129 2 ST UC254X254X73 5 ST UB533X210X82 8 ST UB457X152X52 14 ST UA100X100X8 AX/ AY IZ/ AZ 164.5 CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9.Example Problem 1 MEMBER PROPERTIES.73 57.00 36. .33 IY/ SZ 14610.00 49.00 950.00 1799. 38. 37.10 21.NO.

00 0.69 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 133.36 -250.92 60.13 -184.69 0.12 -153.97 168.32 0.00 0.00 0.69 -45.96 -99.68 1 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 (LOCAL ) 1 3 3 METE LOAD 3 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 .00 0.00 0.77 -88.00 0.98 -70.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 -172.61 -70.64 -46.54 0.64 160.69 0.00 0.00 0.51 57.61 -160.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 40.66 -137.23 45.68 57.00 0.00 0.13 140.00 0.04 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 0.17 75.69 14.07 -167.00 0.13 -43.00 0.00 0.00 -72.00 0.00 0.42 8 13 8 13 185.00 0.78 7.00 75.66 118.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -75.00 0.80 0.00 0.13 33.00 0.00 0.69 14.81 36.07 27.00 0.00 0.57 -117.78 7.00 0.37 3 7 3 7 150.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 -60.00 -7.00 0.63 -59.00 0.00 0.06 -75.00 0.56 -45.00 0.00 0.80 0.26 43.00 0.00 0.23 45.00 0.00 -76.15 14 16 14 16 188.00 0.78 85.00 0.43 -167.00 0.18 12 14 12 14 168.96 -95.69 15.00 30.43 46.00 0.40 0.73 76.47 22.73 2 6 2 6 258.67 -173.20 0.00 0.67 4 5 4 5 -14.00 94.86 0.07 -57.00 0.17 30.28 123.00 0.09 -15.00 0.66 99.04 -99.00 0.00 0.36 -147.00 6 8 6 8 142.99 -7.80 202.91 15 16 15 16 188.69 -45.00 0.00 0.72 -20.69 14.00 0.00 0.39 45.62 0.00 0.00 0.23 45.00 0.13 -187.73 133.51 88.00 0.00 0.10 -187.00 0.68 70.00 0.39 40.00 0.51 173.28 7 12 7 12 167.00 0.00 0.23 81.00 0.21 48.06 334.00 0.00 0.79 244.18 59.81 -79.06 0.00 3 4 3 4 -14.00 0.00 0.00 -202.00 0.91 13 15 13 15 182.73 31.00 0.00 0.57 -132.43 -22.63 -57.23 112.23 -105.42 -81.00 0.00 0.97 5.70 34.85 -126.32 88.69 -45.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -241.00 0.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 3 1 3 239.00 0.14 141.00 0.58 5 6 5 6 -14.00 0.00 0.82 -137.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 241.00 0.97 0.78 -15.17 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.17 179.74 -182.00 0.38 -11.74 -232.00 0.15 -122.51 -5.37 -11.00 0.97 -167.15 -81.56 -118.97 2.54 -238.00 -26.00 0.47 22.57 -61.00 -27.99 0.54 107.00 132.99 38.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 97.00 71.67 154.75 26.00 46.00 0.00 0.70 -24.00 -22.00 0.23 14.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -31.47 -0.00 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -88.00 0.00 0.54 0.67 54.00 0.58 -234.19 112.69 -54.13 128.

00 0.00 0.00 11 14 11 14 -107.00 0.43 0.00 0.97 90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 107.03 0.65 0.74 179.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 -72.00 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 7.00 0.05 0.10 0.21 111.22 85.00 0.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -94.10 0.00 0.36 244.14 0.00 0.67 258.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.88 -107.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KN MEMBER 14 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 12 9 12 -6.07 0.07 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.12 25.85 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.85 25.14 0.24 29.98 44.87 -29.22 -95.97 -66.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 10.00 0.00 0.78 -85.00 0.00 8 10 8 10 -111.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.09 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 11 .10 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.03 -5.25 -25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.27 32.00 0.00 0.56 -7.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.44 0.69 239.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10 13 10 13 12.14 0.00 0.28 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.14 0.10 0.00 7 9 7 9 -85.00 0.14 0.00 0.25 99.00 0.13 6.05 0.00 0.78 -15.00 10 11 10 11 -99.09 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.75 334.00 9 11 9 11 -90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 26.44 95.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.65 66.00 0.21 5.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 -26.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 94.00 0.79 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.05 0.05 0.00 0.00 1 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 20 1 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 (LOCAL ) JT 3 16 METE LOAD 3 15 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 10 15 10 15 -10.00 0.00 0.54 -25.00 0.00 0.60 107.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.82 -43.00 0.00 0.03 0.21 -32.76 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9 14 9 14 4.

882 0.00 1 0.75 1 3 0.1 0.7 (C) 0.00 BS-4. 58.625 75.784 133.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .97 T 22 ST UA50X50X5 PASS 99.632 75.88 T 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS 26.7 (C) 0.66 C 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.15 BS-4.637 0.6 (T) 0.63 0.00 BS-4.13 ANNEX I.00 ANNEX I.74 C 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 118.00 ANNEX I.97 0.00 0.875 247.00 0.721 75.00 0. 56.00 BS-4.1 94.00 ANNEX I.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS 179.63 0.6 0.1 0.10 C 12 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 182.642 76.6 0.69 T 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.Part I . 53.887 0.3.25 T 23 ST UA65X50X5 PASS 111.3.770 334.00 1 0.6 (T) 0.829 234.00 BS-4.7 (C) 0.888 0.6 0.00 1 3 3 1 3.583 99.13 C 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.97 C 9 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 168.69 T 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 45.6 (T) 0.82 T 17 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.00 1 0.00 BS-4.00 1 2.3.00 0.6 0.87 C 15 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 4.36 C 3 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 244.75 3 3.00 BS-4.21 T BS-4.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 59.07 0.00 BS-4.00 0.80 0. 57.07 0.816 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.75 1 1.00 BS-4.00 1 1 1 1.774 0.85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1.34 3 2.6 0.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 52.799 0.00 3 0.44 T 21 ST UA45X45X5 PASS 90.00 BS-4.7 (C) 0.855 241.865 0.00 0.00 BS-4.00 3 0.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .00 1 0.67 C 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 150.00 ANNEX I.00 BS-4.583 99.44 0.9 ALL SELECT ALL 4 STAAD.00 BS-4.00 0.51 0.43 C 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.6 (T) 0.781 0.00 BS-4.00 BS-4.6 0.76 C 16 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.60 C 19 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 12.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 1 0.754 0.1 140.56 C 14 ST UA50X50X4 PASS 29.1 0. 55.3.888 0.04 0.3.54 C 4 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 141.1 0.6 0.00 0.3.00 0.00 0. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0.96 0.00 0.00 ANNEX I.2 MEMB 3 RATIO 0. 54.23 T 8 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 167.6 (T) 0.3.34 3 0.00 1 0.00 BS-4. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 3 0.857 0.28 0.32 C 20 ST UA40X40X6 PASS 95.00 .

KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS BS-4. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST UB406X140X39 ) LIST= 8..3.NO.9 PT= 0.3 PC= 2455.00 351. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST UB406X178X67 ) LIST= 5. 66.NO.9 MCY= 234. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.1 0. ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS. my = 1..kN.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. myx = 1.00 | | PZ= 3975.52812 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 4...kN.00 FX/PZ = 0. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. mx = 1. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.6 0. 7 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61.9 MCY= 234.00 FX/PZ = 0.. 67.00. GROUP MEMB 5 6 1 (ST UC305X305X118 ) LIST= 1.0 MB= 434. 65.0 MB= 105.66 0.7 PT= 0...3 MRY= 234.97 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 2 UNIT .0 ALL RATIO 1.4 MRY= 234.00.7 MCY= 62.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.00.7 PV= 600. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.64 C 0.18 C 91.21 C 0.04 MRZ= 516.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 3 UNIT . myx = 1.06 MRZ= 514.680 1 147. PERFORM ANALYSIS 18 (ST UA60X60X5 ) LIST= 14.5 PT= 0.. my = 1.00 70.00.7 PC= 869.00.00 | | PZ= 3975.00.93129 CM GLO X.0 MB= 434.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 1 UNIT .4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.7 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 3 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I.kN. 68..m SECTION CLASS 2 | |MCZ= 136.9 MRY= 62. myx = 1.NO.7 PV= 241.0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. mx = 1. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS ANNEX I.09 MRZ= 133. PARAMETER BEAM 1. my = 1.0 ALL TRACK 1. 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 2.3 PC= 2042.7 PV= 600.1 0.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.809 3 178.00. mx = 1...Example Problem 1 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 .00..Pro CODE CHECKING .25 FX/PZ = 0.85 0.00.00 | | PZ= 1614. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.496 3 240.

KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.00 77.kN.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.7 PV= 594. myx = 1.kN.2 MRY= 23. mx = 1.00 96. mx = 1.00 | | PZ=349861. myx = 1. mx = 1.6 0.855 1 14.00.00.00.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.1 MCY= 23.14 MRZ= 194.00 | | PZ= 78652.00.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 9 UNIT .3 PT= 0.00 | | PZ= 3975.9 PV= 420.452 1 164.0 MB= 170.1 MRY= 63. my = 1.00.0 PT= 1998.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 6 UNIT .04 FX/PZ = 0.72 FX/PZ = 0.6 0. myx = 1. my = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 4 UNIT .9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| .kN.3 PC= 2673.21 T 0.73 C 0.9 PC= 1092.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.3 PT= 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 11 UNIT .9 MRY= 63.1 MCY= 23. myx = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 9 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4. my = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.6 0.415 1 163. my = 1.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. mx = 1.2 MRY= 23. my = 1.00 237.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 7 UNIT .9 PC= 1092.75 FX/PZ = 0.kN.10 3.77 0.9 MCY= 234.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.3. my = 1.03 MRZ= 369.00.812 3 44.72 0.6 0.32 1.kN.565 1 186.00.00.0 PC= 52889.00.kN.3.00 | | PZ= 1366.71 C 0.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.00 96.0 PC=235263.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 8 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.7 PV= 594.00 FX/PZ = 0.6 MB= 282.Part I .565 1 186.3.6 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 10 UNIT .84 C 137.9 PV= 420.00.00.00 229.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 5 UNIT . my = 1.9 PC= 1092.0 PT= 0. mx = 1.0 MB= 170.00 241.00.1 0.0 MB= 170. myx = 1. myx = 1.1 MCY= 23.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.00.36 T 0.00 | | PZ= 1366.2 MCY= 63.00.00 | | PZ= 17681.0 PC= 11890.00.9 PV= 420.03 MRZ= 370.00 70.03 MRZ= 517.75 FX/PZ = 0.75 FX/PZ = 0.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.3 MRY= 23.839 1 14.7 PV= 594.68 FX/PZ = 0.634 3 138.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.64 1.75 FX/PZ = 0.38 3. mx = 1.6 0. myx = 1. my = 1.12 MRZ= 195.3.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.6 PT= 1998.1 MRY= 63.6 MB= 282.00.00.kN.03 MRZ= 370.64 1.00. myx = 1.3 PT= 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 8 UNIT .3.0 MB= 170.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .3 PT= 0.00 | | PZ= 1366.12 MRZ= 195.4 PT= 1998.00 | | PZ= 1366.3 PV= 600.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.00.9 PV= 420.9 PC= 1092.00.1 MCY= 23.58 C 0.4 MRY= 234.3. mx = 1.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.97 0.0 MB= 483.3.14 MRZ= 194.2 MRY= 23.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.00.00.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.21 T 0.6 MB= 282.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.6 0.kN.41 C 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.2 MCY= 63.2 MCY= 63. mx = 1.

myx = 1.00.00.00.52 FX/PZ = 0.00 0.9 PV= 420.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 .00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 13 UNIT .00.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 17 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00.9 PC= 1092.00.00 0.1 MB= 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 19 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4. mx = 1.00.00.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 MB= 170.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 12 UNIT .4 PT= 138.52 FX/PZ = 0. mx = 1.0 MCY= 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.05 MRZ= 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 18 UNIT .7 PV= 29.00.0 MRY= 0.4 PV= 29.44 C 0.0 MCY= 0.0 MCY= 0.00 | | PZ= 162. my = 1.0 MCY= 0.00 2. myx = 1.755 3 104.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.6 0. mx = 1.34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 17 UNIT .764 3 120.00 | | PZ= 722.00 0.00. mx = 1.7 MRY= 23.75 FX/PZ = 0.00.00 0. mx = 1.kN.3 PT= 0.00.52 FX/PZ = 0.00.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 14 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00. my = 1.kN.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 14 UNIT .3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 MRY= 0. myx = 1.0 PC= 680.0 MCY= 0.00 77.254 3 18.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.677 3 23.1 MB= 1.00 1.00 2.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.1 MCY= 23. myx = 1.00 0.05 MRZ= 0.kN. mx = 1.6 (T) 0.00 0.3 PT= 138.3 PT= 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.455 1 175.kN.8 PT= 138.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.1 MB= 1.10 C 0. mx = 1.772 1 106.0 MB= 170.00.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.83 FX/PZ = 0.1 MCY= 23.0 PC= 74.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 16 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.8 PT= 138.17 MRZ= 0.kN.32 C 0.0 MRY= 0.1 MB= 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.95 FX/PZ = 0.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0. my = 1.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.6 (T) 0.00 130.3.00.00. my = 1.3.4 PT= 138.7 (C) 0.17 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 19 UNIT .00 | | PZ= 162.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 15 UNIT .14 MRZ= 0.00 | | PZ= 162.12 MRZ= 0.00 0.25 T 0.0 PC= 34.6 (T) 0. myx = 1.7 (C) 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.75 FX/PZ = 0.66 T 0.00.00 0.9 PT= 138.00.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 12 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4. my = 1.7 PV= 29.kN.1 MB= 1.00.00 | | PZ= 3215.96 C 0.kN.0 PC= 34. my = 1.4 PV= 29.kN.0 MRY= 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.09 MRZ= 197.05 MRZ= 0.52 FX/PZ = 0.4 PV= 29.83 1.7 (C) 0. myx = 1.00 | | PZ= 1366.0 MRY= 0.0 PC= 152. my = 1.00 | | PZ= 1366.28 C 0.9 PC= 1092.0 MRY= 0.65 0. my = 1.204 3 28.6 0.0 MCY= 0. myx = 1.00.213 1 7.0 PC= 74.8 PV= 29.00.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.1 MRY= 23.00 | | PZ= 162. myx = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.9 PV= 420.13 MRZ= 194. mx = 1.00.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.1 MB= 1.34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 16 UNIT .12 T 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.

033 5.0 MCY= 0.kN.697 1 96.0 PC= 6581. mx = 1.00.015 0.00.00 0.00 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 21 UNIT .00.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 23 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.0 PC= 332.50 9.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .17 MRZ= 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.1 MB= 1. my = 1.50 19.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00 0.0 MRY= 0.17 MRZ= 0.00 | | PZ= 722.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 22 UNIT .6 PT= 138.0 MRY= 0.0 MRY= 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 21 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.731 1 100.5 PV= 29. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE ST ST ST ST ST UC305X305X118 UC203X203X46 UB406X178X67 UB406X140X39 UA60X60X5 LENGTH(METE) WEIGHT(KN ) 16. mx = 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.kN. myx = 1.93 19.0 MRY= 0.931 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .00 0.33 T 0.923 4. myx = 1.1 MB= 1.kN.00.10 T 0.52 FX/PZ = 0.00.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0. myx = 1. my = 1.3 PV= 29.62 MRZ= 0.00.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.6 (T) 0.052 2.00 0. myx = 1.0 MCY= 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 20 UNIT .5 PV= 29.50 4.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 69.00.93 T 0.95 FX/PZ = 0.00 0.00 0.1 MB= 1.4 PV= 29.6 (T) 0.00.0 MCY= 0.00 | | PZ= 14304.83 FX/PZ = 0.17 T 0.17 MRZ= 0.00.6 (T) 0.Part I . mx = 1.00.0 PC= 1479.00 | | PZ= 162.5 PT= 138.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 23 UNIT .m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.72 FX/PZ = 0.00.8 PT= 138.6 (T) 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 PC= 26.645 1 89.00.907 ---------------TOTAL = 31.00 10. mx = 1.00 | | PZ= 3215.6 PT= 138.0 MCY= 0.00 0.1 MB= 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 22 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4. my = 1.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.kN.587 3 81. my = 1.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * Asia support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Example Problem 1 70.co.com * ************************************************************ 17 .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.

Part I .Application Examples 18 Example Problem 1 NOTES .

Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. Consequently. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed. However. 19 . The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis. the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads. the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input. In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. load/area of floor).e.

5 19 6 0 8. Since this is a floor structure.Part I . .5 .5 0 3 .5 16 5 0 7.5 Joint number followed by X. 21 6 0 10. 9 4 0 3 . The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. 21 9 15 22 3 8 . 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 . 20 0 0 10. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 13 0 0 7. UNIT METER KNS Defines the UNITs.5 0 7. 10 13 14 13 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above.5 . 5 7 8 9 . 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 17 6 0 7.5 15 3. 3.Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Semicolon signs (.5 0 3 8 3 0 3 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 . 27 12 17 .5 .e. 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 17 13 18 . 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 16 18 20 . 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information).5 . the Y coordinates are all the same. 14 1. 7.5 0. in this case zero. 10 4. 7 1. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 24 4 10 . 2. 23 11 16 . 18 0 0 8.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line.5 . Joints between 1 and 5 (i. 20 2 7 .

The program converts area loads into individual member loads. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints. LOADING 1 14. UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED A fixed support has been specified at the above joints.m. strong axis moment) at the start joint. The word ST stands for standard single section.m.5 KN/sq. Any line beginning with * mark is treated as a comment line. POISSON. The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis.5 KN/sq. 21 .0 KN/sq.mm. AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14.5 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 14. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. E has been assigned as 210. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i.Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table. UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210. DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). etc.e.

.3 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (see the manual where code specification information is provided).3 ALL UNL 0. SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the British steel table for the members listed. DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0. UNL stands for unsupported length of the compression flange to be used for calculation of bending capacity.6 ALL DMIN 0. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD.Part I .Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.

5 . 10. 30. DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14. 12.M.5 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 14. 5. 17 13 18 . 14 1. Intl. 20. 17 6 0 7.5 19 6 0 8. 6. 11. 22.5 0 7. 16 18 20 .Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 0. 10 4. STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 . 3. 14 18 19 15 20 21 .5 . 28 5 12 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210.5 . 8. 28. 31.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 14. 29. 20 2 7 . 24. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 13. 19. 21. 5 7 8 9 . 2. 13 0 0 7. 27 12 17 . 7.5 0 3 . 18. 9 4 0 3 .5 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 20 0 0 10.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 17. 16.5 . 23.5 KN/SQ.5 15 3. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 . 25. 7. 7 1. 24 4 10 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 42 23 . 15. 18 0 0 8. 21 9 15 22 3 8 .5 16 5 0 7. 26. 32. 27. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . 4. 21 6 0 10.5 0 3 8 3 0 3 . 9. 23 11 16 . 10 13 14 13 .

00 19 ST UB457X152X52 PASS 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2. 36.26 1 2.50 -21.29 0.3.41 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 1 0.3750 GY -21.00 BS-4.3.00 BS-4.6250 -21.6 0.00 .694 65.00 BS-4.3.20 0.46 0.00 0.3.75 1 0. 35.00 1 3.3.39 0.25 1 1.2500 -7.00 1.00 3.00 BS-4.5000 -10.00 6.6 0.6 0.00 3.00 L LIN1 LIN2 -29.7500 GY -25.2500 -3.00 0.6 0.00 BS-4.00 BS-4.884 215.00 4.883 97.00 0. 34.00 -21. 39.813 76.691 65.00 BS-4.00 21 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 4.00 1 2.00 0.260 24.000 -25.3.375 GY -14.8750 GY 0.919 224.00 1 1.50 3.M.6 0.50 1 0.500 -18.Part I .00 16 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 BS-4.6 0.00 0.00 0.50 2.6 0.00 0.00 BS-4.2500 GY -10. PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0.3 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.3.3.00 18 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 BS-4.7500 -14.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .00 14 ST UB305X102X28 PASS 0.00 24 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.125 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 0.00 27 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.00 0.47 0. DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 1.00 1 1.85 0.3.00 7.3.3.00 15 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.887 132.00 11 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.00 1 3.6 0.02 0.463 43.962 290.6 0. 37.00 0.00 BS-4.00 1.6 ALL DMIN 0.915 182.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .6 0.5 KN/SQ.7500 GY -7.6 0.8750 L1 L2 CON GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 23 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.87 0.33 1 3.53 3. 38.7500 GY 0.UNIT KNS METE MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL -7.00 0.00 6.00 BS-4.3 ALL UNL 0.00 0.439 41.3.2500 -7.50 0.6 0.00 1 0.25 0.07 0.Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 LOADING 1 14.00 6 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 0.

com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Europe support@bentley. PRESS RESULTS. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.co. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.Example Problem 2 40.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro.co. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.com * ************************************************************ 25 . THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. THEN FILE SAVE.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co. UPDATE PROPERTIES. FROM THE UPPER MENU.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

Part I .Application Examples 26 Example Problem 2 NOTES .

67 KN/m 3 Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring.67 = 30000 KN/m 2. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation.4 x 0. 3. 12 & 13 = 2.3 x 41666. 10 & 14 = Spring of joints 2.6 x 41666.4 x 0. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footings. 4. 11. NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in meters. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction – 41666.67 = 60000 KN/m 27 . 5.

The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geo metry is defined through X and Y axes. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.4 0. Y and Z coordinates are provid ed above.0 8 7.2 6.60 ZD 2. 9 7.40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 Firs t t wo lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) for whi ch YD (depth) and ZD (wi dth) values are provided.0 0.Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Eve ry input has to st art with the word STAAD.0 0.0 10 6.0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 . the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.0 .0 0. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0.0 0.0 Joint number followed by X.0 6 1.30 ZD 2.0 0. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .2 3.2 3.0 0.40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.0 0. . Since this is a plane structure. Semicolon signs (.2 6.0 0.0 5 2. The pro gram will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 .4 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 7 1.Part I . 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Def ines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 0.0 14 8.

Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input.) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/sq.) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. SELF Y -1.0 factor. The first set of joints are supports restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). a spring having a spring constant of 60 KN/mm is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes. UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. 29 .0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity).mm. SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 The supports for the structure are specified above. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/sq. The word ST stands for standard single section.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23. Also. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line. Density and Poisson’s ratio.mm.Example Problem 3 Me m ber properties for the remaining members are chosen from the British steel table.

. member forces and support reactions. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. acting downwards. and is applied on members 7 and 8.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards.Part I . FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.0 Load 1 contains member loads also.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also. the -1. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 Since global Y is vertically upwards.

16. 14. 23.0 10 6.2 6.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0.MM. 18. 15.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 40. 11.0 0. 8.0 0. 5.0 .) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/SQ.2 6. 31. 27. 12.2 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 39.0 0.0 0. 29. 9 7.0 8 7. 3. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 31 .0 14 8.MM.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1. 37.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76.0 0. 38.4 0.0 5 2. Intl.40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/SQ.0 0. 33.0 6 1. 4.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.0 0. 17.0 0. 36.2 3.0 0. 10. 32. 22. 25. 28. 21. 9.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .0 .30 ZD 2.0 0. 7.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23.4 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 1. 24. 26. 30. 20. 35. 2. 19. 6. 13.60 ZD 2. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 34. 7 1.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20.

0003 -0.30 67.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.09 -40.65 36.74 56.10 -129.58 90.09 0.92 0.1969 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.09 6 1 6 7 132.63 24.25 45.81 -25.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.0000 0.00 96.00 0.0000 0.00 0.67 -56.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 4 1 4 5 0.00 0.00 0.72 94.65 126.0000 0.00 0.01 87.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 45.38 123.69 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.59 -96.0000 0.1367 -0.00 5 1 3 6 261.Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00 0.12 76.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.09 0.74 0.1232 -0.00 -40.1531 -0.00 0.0004 -0.40 9 1 8 9 142.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 32.00 0.00 0.35 40.00 0.0022 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.96 72.00 0.0897 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.67 142.0000 0.5240 0.0000 0.74 129.03 -75.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.55 32.1898 -0.90 58.5036 1.00 0.00 0.25 105.74 -76.00 0.66 -0.00 0.00 0.00 73.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 61.95 82.1759 -0.70 0.00 -92.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.06 0.50 10 1 9 12 290.74 -76.63 7 1 7 8 76.00 0.00 0.00 16.0000 0.00 -73.00 0.0000 0.80 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.00 0.Part I .00 0.0712 1.82 3 1 3 4 0.30 2 1 2 3 0.0000 0.25 -22.0000 0.1902 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.56 145.71 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.90 59.1466 -0.00 0.00 0.2097 -0.0000 0.0000 0.92 26.00 0.00 0.0285 0.00 0.0000 0.0032 -0.00 0.00 24.70 -145.00 0.00 0.38 .00 0.1720 -0.00 0.0045 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0003 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.68 -156.1504 -0.00 0.63 -135.0001 -0.00 0.0002 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -103.00 0.09 0.0000 0.00 -24.00 0.00 0.00 96.93 -293.00 0.00 -16.08 -258.00 0.0000 0.1075 -0.0000 0.1210 -0.00 0.08 0.09 0.0005 -0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 8 1 6 9 -36.0005 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0003 -0.0005 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.50 0.00 135.00 0.00 -35.74 0.0000 0.00 98.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS -0.

co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.09 12 1 11 12 0.00 -32.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.73 0.00 -13.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 -48.00 0.99 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.90 -16.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.09 60.96 32.Pro.12 154.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.39 14 1 13 14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.00 89.45 0.00 0.00 -118.co.00 13.58 13 1 12 13 0.90 59.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 11 1 10 11 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.co.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 26.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 41.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ 33 .00 -134. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.32 -68.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.

Part I .Application Examples 34 Example Problem 3 NOTES .

different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. 35 .Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. In this example.

Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. it is necessary to have 2 commands. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12.5 0. 3 5 7 . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.Part I . To accommodate these requirements. 0. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. Also. 9 1 5 . Joint number followed by X. Since this is a plane structure. Semicolon signs (. 7 6. 5 6 8 . The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 4. 11 3 5 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. Consequently. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 0. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 4 3 6 . 9. 10 2 4 .) are used as line separators. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. . 4 0 4. 9. 14 5 8 . 0.5 0 6 12. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. 0. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 8 12. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.

ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive.0. Poisson’s ratio. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss.Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. The word ST stands for standard single section. SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. etc. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. 37 . it is assumed to be 0. 2 and 3. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS.

It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. The length UNIT is changed from MMS to METER for input values which follow.5 7 UNI GY -6. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case.Part I . 7 FX 65 . The load is applied on members 6. for dead and live load. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title.75 Load 1 contains member loads. INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction. The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. 7 and 8. MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. In other words. JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . the bracings are not used to carry any load. CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command.

75 2 0. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.75 3 0. LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads. 12 and 14 are made inactive. 8 FX -65 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. For load combinations.75. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case. the program simply gathers the 39 . CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . The negative numbers (-135 and -65) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0.

(As explained earlier. in the output file. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. are recognized as the "active" load cases. and combines them algebraically. an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL UNL 1.Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases. of the member end forces. but handled using other means. Thus. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3.Part I . Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis. factors them appropriately. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members. a combination case is not truly analysed for. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing.5 ALL .8 ALL KY 0.

The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.5 for ALL members. UNL represents the unsupported length to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress.5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0. 41 .Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained). KY 0. CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements.

41. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 4 0 4. 5 6 8 . CHANGE 18 . 33. 3. . 0. 7. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32. 14. 0. 5.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 16. 4 3 6 .5 0. 10 2 4 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 42. 31.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.75 2 0. 19.14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 20. 25. 0. 0. Intl. 12. 29. 9 1 5 . 7 6. 2. 7 FX 65 PERFORM ANALYSIS 38. 11 3 5 .5 0 6 12. 4. 8. 6. 3 5 7 . 11. 26. 17. CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . 36. 30. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. 8 FX -65 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 15. 13. 4.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 9.Part I . STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12. 46.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS 48. 9. 39. 35. 47. 28. 43. 34. 21. 44. 40. 45. 10. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 37. 22. 18.75 3 0. 9. CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . 23. 27.5 7 UNI GY -6. 8 12.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 24.

56 12.00 0.21 -0.Example Problem 4 49.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 -0.40 0.00 0.07 1.19 73.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 67.00 0.18 -3.00 0.32 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 51.88 -67.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 -0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.38 -1.91 -2.00 0.40 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.77 -0.00 0.08 0.00 3.00 4.44 -1.29 -8.00 0.04 5.00 0.00 0.68 0.00 -3.00 0.94 -51.00 -4.00 -5.00 -2.43 -1.00 0.00 0.91 12.00 0.00 0.53 -0.81 -1.45 43 .00 0.00 0.15 -1.77 -0.00 0.00 0.14 -2.00 0.01 3.00 0.15 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.32 0.18 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 -103.39 6.97 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 1 1 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 11.00 0.00 1.00 0.21 -0.00 0.85 -135.52 45.00 0.44 -2.98 0.07 0.00 0.04 4.00 0.40 0.97 0.29 -0.00 0.23 -134.40 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.79 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.28 -1.99 47.00 0.44 0.00 6.00 0.38 0.14 -4.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -0.61 101.02 2.46 0.91 2.00 0.00 0.37 -47.00 0.04 0.00 0.07 0.13 7.43 7.00 0.60 -89.00 0.14 1.12 3.59 -9.38 0.16 -4.32 -13.46 0.00 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.88 0.19 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 5.00 1.59 0.96 -2.00 0.00 0.85 -1.90 -0.00 0.00 0.44 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 -48.47 -2.00 -5.15 -11.00 0.37 -3.28 -1.91 6.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.32 -9.70 -47.00 0.44 2.00 0.02 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 135.00 0.60 101.44 -15.00 0.00 0.40 -101.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 1.29 1.00 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.96 1.00 0.00 0.40 103.07 1.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 13.37 9.56 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 -0.85 2.56 -73.00 0. LOAD LIST ALL 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.80 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 1.00 0.96 2.14 -46.35 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 -45.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.76 9.00 -0.10 -1.00 0.00 0.00 -2.68 -13.00 0.44 -1.00 0.70 -1.46 -59.00 0.00 0.90 0.06 -18.00 0.94 46.00 0.59 0.00 0.75 -8.64 0.32 47.61 48.23 89.68 -0.00 0.18 1.76 -45.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.54 0.29 45.13 -68.00 0.00 0.35 -101.07 68.00 4.00 0.36 3.68 -0.94 3.00 0.00 0.02 -9.47 3.00 0.69 9.19 -129.14 129.00 0.14 -3.40 -31.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -9.00 0.90 134.00 0.00 0.12 1.53 -0.62 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 31.93 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 11.00 0.00 0.47 0.99 0.56 59.00 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.88 -63.00 0.00 -156.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 63.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -2.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 -111.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 50.00 0.00 0.77 -2.24 -146.00 0.24 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -72.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 -49.98 -196.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -6.00 0.00 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 9.47 156.00 0.37 0.98 52.00 0.35 117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.79 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.73 11.56 -63.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 -1.68 13.00 0.00 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 91.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 83.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 -50.00 -91.83 -4.00 0.00 0.99 1.00 0.68 136.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 72.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 10.62 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 2.00 0.68 0.00 0.02 -2.00 8.00 0.98 1.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 0.12 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.64 0.91 -3.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.32 -0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -7.00 0.00 -102.00 0.00 0.00 -83.24 196.00 0.00 0.36 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 4.00 0.00 0.23 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 12.13 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 19.00 0.81 2.00 0.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 3.00 0.62 -3.88 49.00 0.00 -136.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 68.00 0.49 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.92 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 -52.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 146.51 102.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 17.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 63.00 0.09 -1.73 0.00 -68.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 111.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 18.00 0.25 15.97 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 1.00 0.00 0.47 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 45 .00 0.050 5 50.00 0.00 0.50 2 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.37 T 0.39 0.00 0.5 ALL 57.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 9 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 6 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.51 T 0.6 (T) 0.00 14 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 -5.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.85 0.39 58.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -77.50 3 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 12 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.3.00 0.00 0.00 0.147 5 146.60 57.00 0.24 C 0.00 0.00 0.045 4 45.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.052 5 59.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 0.00 0.60 T 0.00 SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 0.00 8 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.80 76.00 9.00 13 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.81 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 T 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. BEAM 1 ALL 55.83 0.00 0.00 0.50 4 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 9.7 (C) 0.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 T 0.6 (T) 0. PARAMETER 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 10 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 19.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 13 1 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 AXIAL 0. UNL 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 4.00 0.00 -76.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 C 0.00 0.102 4 101.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.059 5 45.6 (T) 0.40 C 0.00 -57.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.6 0.00 0.00 0. KY 0.063 5 102.73 T 0.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 52.85 77.00 0.00 -58.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 0.042 4 68.76 C 0.036 4 58.79 C 0.00 0.00 0.Pro CODE CHECKING .32 4.6 0.00 7.088 4 101.36 4.00 0.35 C 0.00 0.00 0.46 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.7 (C) 0.00 -15.00 0.3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.85 C 0.7 (C) 0.00 0.50 5 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 3.036 5 57.7 (C) 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.00 0.051 5 83.00 0.00 0.00 0. CODE BRITISH 54.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.072 4 117.00 0.00 0.118 5 135.00 11 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.8 ALL 56.

uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.Pro.com * * * * North America support@bentley.co.Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 58.Part I .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Asia support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * ************************************************************ .

5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. 47 .Example Problem 5 Example Problem No.

Part I - Application Examples

48

Example Problem 5

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word SPACE
signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the
geometry is defined through X, Y and Z coordinates.
UNITS METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0. 6.0
Joint number followed by X, Y and Z coordinates are provided
above. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. That
enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08 IX 4.162E+06

Member properties have been defined above using the
PRISMATIC attribute. Values of AX (area), IZ (moment of inertia
about major axis), IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX
(torsional constant) are provided in MMS unit.
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s
ratio are specified following the command CONSTANT.

Example Problem 5

SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
Joints 1, 4 and 6 are fixed supports.
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY –15
Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly
known as a sinking support. FY signifies that the support
settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this
settlement is 15mm downward.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint
displacements, support reactions and member forces.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

49

Part I - Application Examples

50

Example Problem 5
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STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
Build 02
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
UNITS METER KNS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0 6.0
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY -15.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

IX 4.162E+06

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

3

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

22. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS

JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6

LOAD
1
1
1
1
1
1

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.2737
0.2735
0.0000
0.0323
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

JOINT
1
4
6

Z-TRANS

0.0000
-0.0012
-1.4975
-1.5000
-0.0012
0.0000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
-----------------

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

0.0000
-0.0323
-0.2735
0.0000
-0.2737
0.0000

MMS

X-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0002
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0019
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0006
0.0000
0.0000
-0.0006
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0019
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
1
1

0.46
0.43
-0.90

5.63
-11.26
5.63

0.90
-0.43
-0.46

2780.50
15509.14
15492.86

-67.13
0.00
67.13

15492.86
15509.14
2780.50

Example Problem 5
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS MMS
(LOCAL )
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

5.63
-5.63

-0.46
0.46

0.90
-0.90

-67.13
67.13

-2780.50
94.34

15492.86
-16878.24

2

1

2
3

0.46
-0.46

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

94.34
-94.34

-67.13
-5305.17

16878.24
16904.26

3

1

3
4

-11.26
11.26

-0.43
0.43

0.43
-0.43

0.00 -16809.91
0.00 15509.14

-16809.91
15509.14

4

1

3
5

0.46
-0.46

-5.63
5.63

-0.90
0.90

-94.34
94.34

5305.17
67.13

-16904.26
-16878.24

5

1

5
6

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

0.46
-0.46

67.13 -16878.24
-67.13 15492.86

-94.34
2780.50

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

23. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
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Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
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Telephone
Email
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support@bentley.com
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detech@odandetech.com *
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+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
+33(0)1 64551084
support@reel.co.uk
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info@reig.de
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staad@edr.no
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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eng-eye@crc.co.jp
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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51

Part I - Application Examples

52

Example Problem 5

NOTES

Example Problem 6

Example Problem No. 6
This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.
It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is
applied, the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the
structure through the connecting members (known in the program
as PRESTRESS load). 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by
the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure
(known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

53

Part I - Application Examples

54

Example Problem 6

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12. 6.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8 12. 15.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators, and that
allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5 4 6
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports.
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic)
attribute. Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the
major axis (IZ) are provided.
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL

Example Problem 6

CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E
(modulus of elasticity), Poisson’s ratio, etc. Length unit is changed
from METER to MMS to facilitate the input.
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. Load 1 contains
PRESTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 75
MMs above the centre of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 300
MMs below the c.g. The assumptions and facts associated with this
type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical
Reference Manual.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. Load 2 is a
POSTSTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. For a
difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS
loading, as well as additional information about both types of
loads, please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to perform the analysis.
UNIT METER
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements,
support reactions and member forces in the output file.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

55

Part I - Application Examples

56

Example Problem 6
****************************************************
*
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*
STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
Build 02
*
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
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USER ID:
*
****************************************************
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STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
UNIT METER KNS
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

6.
12.
4

15.

6

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

8/

9/

2

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

23. UNIT METER
24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

LOAD
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.1917
0.0000
-0.1917
0.0000
0.1799
0.0000
-0.1799
0.0000
-0.0014
0.0000
0.0014
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

X-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0004
0.0000
-0.0004
0.0000
0.0008
0.0000
-0.0008
0.0000
0.0002
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

Example Problem 6
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-30.59
0.00
30.59
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
0.00
-80.49
0.00

1
2

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS METE
(LOCAL )
MEMBER
1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
3
1
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

30.59
-30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
103.07
0.00
0.00

3
5
3
5

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

62.59
-62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

121.89
159.77
0.00
0.00

5
7
5
7

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

10.30
-10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

50.98
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2
4
2
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-30.59
30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-80.49
-103.07
0.00
0.00

4
6
4
6

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-62.59
62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-121.89
-159.77
0.00
0.00

6
8
6
8

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-50.98
4.64
0.00
0.00

3
4
3
4

1371.41
-1371.41
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-326.21
326.21
-101.25
101.25

5
6
5
6

1287.12
-1287.12
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-312.00
312.00
-101.25
101.25

7
8
7
8

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

4.64
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

4

1
2

5

1
2

6

1
2

7

1
2

8

1
2

9

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

57

Part I - Application Examples

58

Example Problem 6
25. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
* USA:
+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
*
* CANADA
+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
* UK
+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
+33(0)1 64551084
support@reel.co.uk
*
* GERMANY
+49/931/40468-71
info@reig.de
*
* NORWAY
+47 67 57 21 30
staad@edr.no
*
* SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158
support@bentley.com
*
* INDIA
+91(033)4006-2021
support@bentley.com
*
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+81(03)5952-6500
eng-eye@crc.co.jp
*
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+86(411)363-1983
support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
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************************************************************

Example Problem 7

Example Problem No. 7
This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET
connections. OFFSET connections arise when the centre lines of
the connected members do not intersect at the connection point.
The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled
through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS.

59

Part I - Application Examples

60

Example Problem 7

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 6. 0. ; 3 0. 4.5
4 6. 4.5 ; 5 0. 9. ; 6 6. 9.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. This
allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line.
SUPPORT
1 2 PINNED
Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. The word PINNED
signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports.
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4
5 3 4 ; 6 5 6 ; 7 1 4
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
MEMB PROP BRITISH
1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129
5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40
7 TA LD UA200X150X12
All member properties are from British steel table. The word ST
stands for standard single section. LD stands for long leg back-toback double angle.

UNIT METER PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are instructions for writing the member forces and support reactions to the output file. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis.0 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225.Example Problem 7 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178.5 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5.0 7 END -178.0 -152. 0. These attributes are applied to members 5.0 0.0 5 6 END -178.0 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT. The X. 5 FX 112. 6 and 7.0 0. 0.0 . 61 . CONSTANT E 210. LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided.

Part I . .Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.

3 3 5 4 5 3 4 .50 -337. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225. 12. 16.13 25. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129 5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40 7 TA LD UA200X150X12 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178. 10.13 0. 5 0. 14.50 -25. .72 0.0 0.70 2 1 2 4 337.72 -58. 18. 21. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 .00 0.00 0. 2 6. 23.12 -20. 15. 6 5 6 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 7 END -178.12 49.00 0.25 0. .0 0. 13. 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 27.00 0. 9.00 0.00 91. 3.00 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORD 1 0. 9. Intl.78 0. 2. UNIT METER 28.71 93.0 0.00 -113. 22. 7.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 5 6 END -178. 0. 3 0.00 0.00 0. 0.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.76 30.00 170. 4.03 4 1 4 6 30.59 -95.00 4. 26. .76 -30.00 0.00 0.76 53. 0.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 6.00 0.00 0.00 151. 9.78 -53. 24. 17.25 20. 19. 5 FX 112.52 63 .00 0. 25.0 .5 .07 3 1 3 5 -30. 11.5 4 6.00 0.0 CONSTANT E 210.00 0.0 -152. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.76 58.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -49. 4.00 0. 4. 5.00 0. 0. 6 6.00 0. 8.

00 -4.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 -85.37 18.com * ************************************************************ .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.32 479.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 -52.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 299.00 0.00 0.37 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.95 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.62 6 1 5 6 58.00 0.55 -88.50 337.03 -51.72 -30.03 -299.00 0.co.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.13 -337.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.95 1.61 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.32 -1.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.76 0.72 -58.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.04 7 1 1 4 -479. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -362.Part I .Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.76 30.Pro.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 -9.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.co.00 0.03 -18.63 25.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

The above example represents a space frame. 8 In this example. Two load cases. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members. 65 . concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead. and the members are made of concrete. are considered in the design. live and wind load.

15 13 14 17 7 10 . 5 5.Part I .4 0 7.2 13 5. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 3 11. 3 2 8 5 5 11 .2 7 0 3.6 7.0 ZD 300.704E09 .409E09 IY 1.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 15 5. Y and Z coordinates. 11 5.6 7.229E09 – IX 2.4 3. 21 14 16 . JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 . 10 12 16 .4 3. 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 2 5.2 7.596E08 – IX 5. 9 7 .4 0.2 0 .237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300. 0 4 0 0 7.119E08 IX 4. 8 5. 11 13 10 11 14 . 12 11.4 3. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 .0 ZD 380 IZ 2.4 0 0 .2 .6 7.2 0 .4 0 7.4 7.4 7. 18 8 11 .2 7. 9 4 8 13 . 14 11. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.0 IZ 3. UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300.Application Examples 66 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X.2 Joint number followed by X.4 3. 7 3 9 6 12 .324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535.2 16 11.596E08 IY 3.4 7. 19 20 13 15 .6 0 10 0 3. 6 11 15 .2 .2 .6 0 . 9 11.119E08 IY 2.2 . Semicolon signs (.6 0 .4 7. 6 11. 2 4 10 .0 IZ 2.

Moments of Inertia.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1. such as.56 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). For this particular example. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. moments of inertia (IZ. LOAD 1 (1.4 factor. Poisson’s ratio. CONSTANT E 21. IY. 67 . etc.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. Length unit is changed from MM to METER to facilitate input for DENsity.Example Problem 8 All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports. Since global Y is vertically upward. All properties required for the analysis. If ZD is not provided. Area.4DL + 1. The IX. Density. SELF Y -1. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete. so these will not be re-calculated. etc.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23.

LOAD 2 . REPEAT LOAD 1 0.0 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also.75 (1. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT commands.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.0 11 FZ 90. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 12 FZ 70.4DL + 1.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. .Part I .7LL + 1. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40. multiply them with a factor of 0.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2.0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76.0 10 FZ 40.Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42.5 Load 1 contains member loads also.

Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design. MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the 40 mm bar. 69 . The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information provided in the output. These parameters are described in the manual where British concrete design related information is available. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design. shear and torsion. CODE BRITISH TRACK 1. Design is performed per the BS 8110 Code.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

6 7. 18 8 11 .0 ZD 300.4DL + 1.2 .2 7. 12. 46.4DL + 1. 23.4 3.2 0 .2 .6 7. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 .4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42.2 0 . 6 11 15 .0 IZ 2.5 LOAD 2 . 3 11.4 0. 37. 32.7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0.Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . 43.596E08 IY 3.4 3. 10. 18.237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300.0 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 47. 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 .0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23. 36. 2 4 10 .4 0 7.2 . 21. 3. 9 11.6 0 . 22. 39. 11. 7. 8 5. 0 4 0 0 7.4 7.324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535. 15 5. 8. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20. 15 13 14 .2 16 11. 6 11.704E09 CONSTANT E 21.2 .7LL + 1.0 ZD 380 IZ 2.2 7.6 7. 9. 30. 7 3 9 .0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76.0 IZ 3. 19.4 3.229E09 IX 2.56 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1. 2.4 3.6 0 .Part I .0 11 FZ 90.4 7. 41.119E08 IX 4. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 2. 5. 4 8 13 5 5 11 . 45.7LL) SELF Y -1. Intl.596E08 IX 5. 15.4 7. 13. 40.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 25.2 13 5. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 9 14 16 60 . 4.75 (1.75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40. 27. 31.409E09 IY 1.4 0 0 . 5 5.119E08 IY 2. 21 14 16 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300. 19 9 12 20 13 15 . 8 9 14 9 6 12 . 35.0 12 FZ 70. 44.0 10 FZ 40.4 0 7. 10 12 16 . 14. 2 5. 29. 14 11. 11 5.2 7 0 3. 42. 38. 33.4 7. 16 15 16 17 7 10 .6 0 10 0 3. 28. 16. 26. 24. 3 2 8 . 17. 34. 6. 12 11.

13 0. TRACK 1.23 15.64 112.26 -1.98 12.51 -42.63 33.63 40. 51.48 -1278.01 0.77 375.28 50.66 -12.73 -45.89 -5.98 -19.86 2.13 -1.13 0.92 -2.5_8110_97/1 50.84 21.38 -15.07 -7.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 302.00 1.26 0.21 -0.99 -65.00 -61.73 378.00 2.16 65.00 0.51 15 16 15 16 61. START CONCRETE DESIGN 49.13 19.46 372.78 316. 52.31 6.81 236.56 -18.63 6 12 6 12 758.64 -2.06 -293.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.87 -748.77 283.51 34. 53.00 0.18 122.65 111.00 1.79 31.00 0.85 2.97 65.03 -0.70 56.86 -237.16 -0.38 18.65 -20.00 -11.13 3.16 0.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2.92 -0.75 -23.54 5 11 5 11 1289.77 -65.58 -2.19 620.86 -31.62 -124.99 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 48.66 124.57 7.16 3.00 45.23 -2.79 0.62 0.45 326.77 -142.93 -6.10 -104.00 0.64 4.67 279.93 11 12 11 12 -40.00 0.00 0.66 -2.36 -0.99 2.85 -4.55 105.97 0.14 -612.95 141.77 2.51 434.72 -93.28 -34.63 11.03 -0.32 -1.32 3.03 1.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL DESIGN BEAM 14 16 71 .67 243. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.04 -4.63 -34.00 0.76 0.80 1015.23 -9.62 497.88 57.00 -1.00 0.03 -0.42 6.60 -1007.36 0.

5. FC . 6000.| |0.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 164. NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 257. mm. ROW=0./ 45. X FLEXURE 535. ROW=0. MM) |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 497.TO | MAX. ROWMX=0.2 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 249 mm | | 5000 END 2 | 316. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 35. mm. mm2. 1760.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 190. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO. mm 14 D E S I G N FY .TO 1760 | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 | | | | | | 9*8 c/c125| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5No20 H |35. mm./ 147.77 KN-M AT 0.X 380. SQ. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 707.0067. 7. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 3155.X 535_____________________ 12J____ | ===============|| ||===================== 7No12 H 497.20 MM 740.0400. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1353.Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3502 mm | 184. ROW=0.32 MM 0.77 KN-M AT 6000.09 KN-M AT 3500. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 3 497./ 37./ 58. mm2. 4. STEEL= 338. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| B E A M N O. | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 434.30.0155. ROWMX=0. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S - SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM .|740./ 37.4740. ROWMX=0. YES NO COMP.0400.TO|6000 | | 4No32 H 487. 6000. 3.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 9 | 125 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 11J____________________ 6000.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 183.ROWMN=0.ROWMN=0. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380.0400.Part I . mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 2 487.TO 6000 | | | | | | | | | | ==================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | ooooooo | | OOOO | | OOOO | | | | | | 7T12 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| .0035. NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 142./ 41.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 250 mm | | 3500 5000 mm | 191. mm2.ROWMN=0.12 MM 4740.12 MM (REQD.460. 6000.

Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) ( MM ) (SQ. 2000.75/ 185. MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KN-METER) 0.9/ 2454.3/ 876. 6000.24/ 285.30.9/ 2105. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 3 41. 4500.00 0.12/ 370.62/ 46.00 0. 1000.00 0.0 0.0 0.34/ 416.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 4000 END 2 | 372. FC . DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 73 .2/ 2064.1 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 3000 4000 mm | 122. 0.00 0.0 0.0 0. X FLEXURE 535.460.0 0.00 0.TO 6000 | | | | | | ||=========================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | ooooooo | | | | | | | | oooo | | 7T12 | | | | | | | | 4T16 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 54. B E A M 0.0 0.8/ 264.TO | MAX.0/ 264. 5000.12 MM 4. 495. 0. 5500.55 R E S U L T S - YES YES NO YES NO YES LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM . 497. 1500. 0.0/ 700. 500.6 0.0 611.27/ 430.00 0. mm 16 D E S I G N FY . 6000.TO 760 4No16 H 495.00 0.90/ 413. 5240.00 0.96/ 174.22/ 364. 2500.5 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3001 mm | 128. MM ) 0.3/ 0.00 124.1 N O. 6000.19/ 0.0 0.00/ 31.TO|6000 | | | | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 26*8 c/c 80| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4No32 H 41. 4000.5240. 4.0 0.4/ 938.X 535_____________________ 16J____ ||======== =========|| | 7No12 H 497.62 0.2/ 2432. 0.59/ 293.X 380.16 MM REQUIRED REINF. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380.6/ 1581. 6000.0 0. 760.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 15J____________________ 6000. | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 378.00 0.0/ 2571.1/ 1527.00/ 16 D E S I G N 141. 3500.32 MM 7. 3000. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO.0 0.00 0.

jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * * * North America support@bentley.co.com * ************************************************************ . MM DIAMETER SQ.460. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT. N/MM2 5 D E S I G N SQRE SIZE - AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 2499. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley. END CONCRETE DESIGN 56.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY . SQ. LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 20 MM 2. MM. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. FC -30.co. 2 FC .793 2 EACH END (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS AT EACH FACE) ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 55.30.244 2 EACH END (ARRANGE COLUMN REINFORCEMENTS SYMMETRICALLY) ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY . R E S U L T S 300.Pro.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. N/MM2 D E S I G N CIRC SIZE AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 1586. X 300.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. MM.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. N O. R E S U L T S 300.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD. MM. N O.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 16 MM 2.460.Part I .com * * Asia support@bentley.

The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall. 9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates). Concrete design of an element is performed.Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. 75 .

UNIT METER NEWTON The units for the data that follows are specified above.5 4.Part I . 4 34 35 .5 6 12 1. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 . Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described.5 0 26 7.375 0 37 6 1. 10 39 22 11 5 29 .5 0 11 0 4.5 6 29 12 4.5 6 23 7.5 4.5 0 33 12 4.125 6 39 6 3.5 0 22 6 4.125 0 36 6 3. 9 38 39 . STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 0 14 4.5 4.5 4. 6 36 18 7 4 37 .5 0 15 1.Application Examples 76 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.2006 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4.5 4. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.5 4. Y and Z axes.5 6 28 10.5 4. The second line forms the title to identify this project. 2 2 11 3 3 34 .5 6 18 6 4.5 0 25 10. 5 35 36 . MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines.5 6 34 6 1. JOINT COORD 1000.5 6 17 4.375 6 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands. 8 37 38 .5 4.

35 16 17 .0 33 11 15 . STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized.0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12. the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined. 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands. In this case. 31 24 25 . Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. 34 15 16 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12. 27 13 14 . 38 26 27 . 36 17 22 37 22 26 .Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6. 26 12 13 . Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 77 . Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. the points describe the outer corners of a slab and that of a shear wall. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. In other cases. For some members. 39 27 28 . 28 14 18 29 18 23 .0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 30 23 24 .

Application Examples 78 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the super-element profiles. The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis. ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 150 mm thick. B. UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10.m. For example.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 10 KNS/sq. intensity on elements 41 to 72. . C and D with 4 elements along the edges AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA. the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported.Part I . CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT. UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 300 mm depth and 300 mm width.

FINI The STAAD run is terminated. 22 FZ -450. 22 and 33. Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11.9 times load case 1 and 1.9 2 1.3 times load case 2. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform an elastic analysis is specified above. LOAD COMB 3 1 0. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE BRITISH DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. Design is done according to the British code.Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90. 79 .3 Load 3 is a combination of 0. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY.

5 0 15 1. 27.5 0 26 7. 40.0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12. 39. 19. 36 17 22 37 22 26 . Intl.5 4. 8 37 38 . 31 24 25 . 22. 44. 41. 26 12 13 .5 4. 4 34 35 .125 0 36 6 3. 18.5 6 18 6 4. 52. 49. 5 35 36 . 46.5 4. 5. 2 0 0 6 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4. 23. 43. 27 13 14 . 39 27 28 . 37. 10 39 22 11 5 29 . 12. 28.5 0 14 4.5 4. 42. 24. 47. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 0 33 12 4.375 6 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 30. 14. 3. 54.375 0 37 6 1. 29. 38 26 27 . 36.5 0 11 0 4. 4. 38. 34 15 16 . 40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT . 6. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12. 8. 50.5 6 23 7. 13. 51. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 45.Part I . 10.5 6 12 1. 53. 20.0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 .5 0 22 6 4. 7. 2.5 0 25 10. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT METER NEWTON JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 .5 6 17 4. 33.5 6 34 6 1.5 6 29 12 4. 35 16 17 . 26. 9 38 39 . 17. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 34.5 6 28 10.5 4.5 4. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 21. 35.5 4. 32. 16. 11.5 4. 48.0 33 11 15 . 15.Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 9. 25. 55. 30 23 24 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 31.125 6 39 6 3.

88 0.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90.06 15.18 -7.57 -0.18 7.42 211.00 12.43 791.18 -7. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 8.67 22.29 65.00 0.94 11.47 -9.55 -21.72 0.06 -0. 57.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0. 66. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 378 68.00 0.94 -10.19 -10. 59.Example Problem 9 56. 67.57 10.53 31.99 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 70.23 0.51 3.05 0.47 8.72 6.65 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.29 0.00 0.00 -0.06 0.00 -8.53 0. LOAD LIST 1 3 69.77 -15.47 17.23 -12. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.29 74.43 -411.71 -19.00 0.47 -8.00 0.04 -12.99 0.29 65.00 0.29 0.15 74.00 0.32 74. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 81 .88 -10.77 -6.67 -0.76 10. 64.47 17.11 -22.38 -7.05 0.29 68.67 10.9 2 1. 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10.76 336.00 0.47 -9.29 68.88 -10.04 12. 22 FZ -450.32 74.75 67. 65.11 -11.29 -6.05 0. 60.19 11.07 -67.00 0.77 6.68 211.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 58.53 12. 63.88 -10.19 10.00 0.19 -11.76 476.00 -0.18 7. 61.38 10. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.05 0.62 3.38 10.00 0.77 -15.00 0. 62.38 -7.42 10.75 15.

7 509.79 3 14. 47 47 CASE NO.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT 47 TOP : BOTT: LONG.310847E+03 47 1 3.77 ANGLE= 20.44 3278.705871E+03 PLATE NO.36 ANGLE= 20.60 SMAX= -2369.22 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX MY SY 4.4 -11.34 555. START CONCRETE DESIGN 73. REINF (mm2/m) 195.32 SMAX= 3666.37 -11.2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.07 519.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250.92 180. MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.07 TMAX= 4.87 SMAX= -2666. 4No.17 -9.5_8110_97/1 74.35 -16.87 TMAX= SMIN= 2648.705871E+03 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 72.99 -59. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS. MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.LENGTH UNITS= KNS METE STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.04 330.27 5.550358E+02 47 3 3.44 / 0 1 TRANS.52 -10.00 / -13.15 3310.35 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 75.99 0.96 3078.52 SMAX= 3149.09 -46. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 17.666786E+03 -3.85 3666.00 / -10.5 7.82 1.54 2876.51 3479.70 TMAX= MXY SXY -13. REINF (mm2/m) 195.60 TMAX= SMIN= 2487.85 3705.76 ANGLE= ANGLE= 26. END CONCRETE DESIGN . PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460. 6No.18 3149.Part I . 301. 205.22 SMIN= -3479.79 SMIN= -3705. 1 1 5.

Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro.Example Problem 9 76.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * ************************************************************ 83 .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Asia support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.

Part I .Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank.Example Problem 10 Example Problem No. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. Tank Model Deflected Shape 85 . Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements.

83 1. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 6. 81 1.5. –1. 0. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 0. REPEAT 3 0. Y and Z coordinate increments. 0. 0. 0. 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. 0. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE Every input has to start with the word STAAD.5.Part I . UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.5. Joint number followed by X. 4.5.5.5. REPEAT 2 1. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 . REPEAT 4 0. 0. 5 0. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual.5. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out.5.5. REPEAT 4 -1. 0.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 1. 0. 1. REPEAT 4 1. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates. 0. This is followed by X. 0.

up to 76.0 mm THick. etc.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS.0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. This is explained in detail in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual.Example Problem 10 75 76 77 78 79 80 85 86 16 87 88 89 88 89 21 26 31 36 89 46 26 31 36 41 86 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element. UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above. No moments will be carried by these supports. CONSTANTS E 21. 11.0 87 . UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200. 6.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 200.

elements are typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of the element.Application Examples 88 Example Problem 10 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the reinforcement requirements obtained.0 Load case 1 is initiated. The LIST option restricts the print output to that for the joints/elements listed. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200.Part I . CODE BRITISH DESIGN SLAB 9 12 Slabs (i. END CONCRETE DESIGN Terminates the concrete design operation. UNIT MMS PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 Joint displacements for a selected set of nodes and element corner forces for some elements are written in the output file as a result of the above commands. START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates concrete design. The forces printed are in the global directions at the nodes of the elements. In STAAD. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. It consists of element loads in the form of uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis. .e.

5 0. 35. 0. 0. 38. 5. 41.0 CONSTANTS E 21. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.5 0. 39.5 REPEAT 2 1. 10. 1. 45. 9. 0. 19.5 0. 4. 17. 24.5 0. 0. 47. 46. 15. 2. 30. 42. 5 0. 6. 34. REPEAT 4 0. UNIT MMS 49. 23. 32. 36. 37. 0. 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 48. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 459 89 . REPEAT 4 1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 11. 31. 13. 29. 28. 16. 27. 21.Example Problem 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 25. REPEAT 3 0. 22. 3.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 89/ 80/ 25 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 44.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200. 20. 8. -1.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50. 6.5 81 1. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 76 86 89 46 51 77 16 21 26 87 78 87 26 31 88 79 88 31 36 89 80 89 36 41 46 UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200.0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100. 7.0 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150. 14.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 0. 43. 33. 40. 0. 1. 26. Intl. 12. 4.5 REPEAT 4 -1. 0.5 83 1. 18.

3346E+04 1.0103 0.0000 0.1350E+05 5.8428E+01 1.1372E+04 ELE.8019E+01 1.1780E+00 -4.3445E+02 -1.8125E+01 8.9615E+05 4.LENGTH UNITS= KNS GLOBAL CORNER FORCES JOINT FX FY FZ ELE.5202E+00 -1.6895E+02 1.0006 0.0227E-04 9.3215E+04 23 2.0959E+04 1.6136E+01 -7.2673E+05 -1.9661E+04 1.9439E+05 -4.5180E+04 17 -3.4563E+01 -2.0044E+02 -3.6646E+01 -1.3868E+04 15 -1.3487E+04 5.8154E+02 12 -8.6686E+02 -2.3646E+04 6.0552E+01 -7.8019E+01 1.4829E-06 1.0006 0.9853E+04 -1.4843E+02 4.7388E+04 14 -2.2142E+01 2.6418E+02 2.5139E+01 -6.NO.0002 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.0357E+01 -2.1978E+04 17 1.5288E+04 1.5597E+01 -1.6044E+04 -4.6342E+04 1.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 5 25 45 65 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.8741E+03 -3.4106E+01 -6.9361E+02 1.0980E+03 -4.7426E+04 2.5632E+02 17 1.8249E+04 -5.0103 0.1796E+01 -1.0396E+04 19 -2.0983E+04 -5.4179E+01 -1.1163E+03 -2.0002 -0.0103 0. 16 FOR LOAD CASE 1 19 -1.4616E+02 -1.7286E+01 -7.5252E+04 1.1918E-06 -2.0566E+05 4.0392E+04 ELE.9905E+04 1.2661E+02 -8.0499E+05 -6.2229E+05 5.4860E+02 -5.0814E+01 1.1267E+04 1.8697E+02 -1.5252E+04 24 1.3119E+02 5.5288E+04 19 1.0140E+04 ELE.7391E+04 .2522E+04 1. 15 FOR LOAD CASE 1 18 -2.4018E+01 2.3228E+01 3.7932E+02 -6.3829E+02 -2.9015E+04 20 1.7927E+04 ELE.4535E+04 -4.4444E+04 -4.3809E+01 1.2181E+02 2.6787E+02 16 2.5470E+01 2.4029E+04 5.6896E+01 1.7545E+02 1.5280E+02 -5.1198E+02 3.3985E+01 7.9154E+04 2.0103 0.7875E+02 -1.1969E+05 18 -2.0854E+01 5.2581E+04 -1.NO.5610E+04 -2.5720E+04 ELE.4213E+00 -1.4028E+01 3.8717E+04 -2.4377E+04 4.5470E+01 1. 11 FOR LOAD CASE 1 13 -2.5563E+01 -2. 12 FOR LOAD CASE 1 14 -1.8792E+02 6.0103 -0.2741E+02 -2.3390E+04 5.6502E+02 -7.4404E+02 4.0833E+05 4.0931E+05 2.0999E+02 -3.1780E+00 -1.6885E+01 -6.0002 0.8137E+02 5.0020E+04 21 -4.1943E+04 2.6896E+01 8.3740E+01 6.6725E+01 -3.0006 0.2387E+01 8.8790E+05 -6.6136E+01 -6.4820E+05 5.NO.6292E+04 ELE.0826E+03 -5.0103 0.6568E+01 -1.0006 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN -0.6331E+04 1.4265E+02 MMS MX MY MZ 1 1.8931E+01 -1.0002 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.NO.5797E+02 4.0103 0.6211E+05 5.2919E+01 -1.8422E+02 2.0527E+02 -8.3039E+02 -1.9661E+04 5.2151E+04 1.3170E+05 -4.0444E+04 22 2.1714E+04 -5.0002 -0.4563E+01 -6.9002E+02 -1.NO.1804E+02 -5.3267E+01 -2.4697E+04 19 2.3106E+02 2.4411E+02 5.9044E+04 4.0868E+04 7. 9 FOR LOAD CASE 11 -8.0000 0.6525E+05 -3.Part I . PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 ELEMENT FORCES -------------- FORCE.7008E+04 6.2121E+02 -1.0370E+05 6.3355E+02 1.1068E+04 -5.4213E+00 6.2736E+04 3. 10 FOR LOAD CASE 1 12 -1.NO.6342E+04 1.1528E+01 -1.0103 -0.6957E+04 20 -1.6418E+02 -2.6183E+04 -2.3157E+02 -1.0002 0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.3732E+04 2. 13 FOR LOAD CASE 1 16 -1.NO.1115E+02 8.7299E+04 1.9770E+04 1.6709E+04 -5. 14 FOR LOAD CASE 1 17 -2.4809E+04 22 1.8110E+01 -7.4535E+04 4.0284E+05 -5.3665E+04 24 1.7652E+04 13 -2.4207E+04 6.8717E+04 25 1.5236E+04 18 2.8359E+01 -5.3437E+01 8.NO.4279E+04 ELE.3068E+00 -1.3753E+01 1.6273E+02 6.0002 0.2219E+02 1.0002 -0.4951E+02 3.8259E+04 18 2.3363E+01 1.9905E+04 1.1533E+04 23 2.3096E+04 2.

90.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.co.5_8110_97/1 53. 260.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. 4No.43 / 0 1 1570.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 / 1 0 12 TOP : BOTT: 260.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro.com * * Asia support@bentley.co.51 / 0 1 387.21 / 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ 91 .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 9 TOP : BOTT: 260. 0. 260. 0.00 / 1 0 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 54. START CONCRETE DESIGN 52.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.co. PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT LONG.23 / 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. 25.Example Problem 10 51.00 / -24.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. 6No.00 / -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * * * North America support@bentley. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1. END CONCRETE DESIGN 55. DESIGN SLAB 9 12 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) TRANS. 341. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. 260.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.

Application Examples 92 Example Problem 10 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 11 Example Problem No. The combined results are then used for steel design. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. 93 . Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined.

0 3. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 6 6.0 5 0.0 6. 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word ST stands for standard single section. 3 3 5 .Application Examples 94 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 0.0 0. the Z coordinates are all the same. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. zeros. Since this is a plane structure.0 Joint number followed by X.Part I .0 0. 2 2 4 . MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 4 6.0 . .0 0.0 6. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.0 3 0.0 0.0 .0 0. SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. in this case.0 .0 0. Semicolon signs (.0 0.0 3.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 2 6.

0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.2 5 6 UNI Y -22.5 Load 1 contains member loads also.0 5 CON GY -25. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input.8 5 CON GY -37.Example Problem 11 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. Prior to this. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case.977E-09 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity).0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y.5 3. Without the above command.0 1.0 4. The factor of -1. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line. hence downwards. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25. the length unit is changed to METER for specifying distributed member loads. The 95 . SELFWEIGHT Y -1. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.

0 1. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X.5 3. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25.8 5 CON GX 37. GX and GY indicate that the load.2 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. only X and Y directions need to be considered. Y.0 5 CON GY 37. the program converts these loads to masses.Part I . LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case. Z etc. This will be a dynamic load case.Application Examples 96 Example Problem 11 word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution.0 5 CON GX 25. In a SPACE frame.2 5 CON GY 25. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign). is capable of vibration along the global X and Y . GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied.0 4.0 4. and hence the resulting mass. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. Internally. Also. SELFWEIGHT X 1. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions. the direction (X. In a PLANE frame. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title.0 1.5 3.8 5 CON GY 25.

00 . Concentrated forces of 25. In both cases. 37.806 0.0 ACC DAMP 0. 3. Load combination case no.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method.). That is what is being done above.75 2 0.80 . the sign of the forces cannot be determined. Load combination case no.2 2.2m from the start of member 5.8m.806 are used.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2). and hence are absolute numbers.05 1.5 2. The word CON stands for concentrated load. 1. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.80 0.0. etc. Damping ratio of 0.75 2 -0. the spectrum data is given as period vs. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines.35 0. acceleration. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases.75.05 (5%) and a scale factor of 9. and 25 kNs are located at 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES 97 .1 1.5. ABS method. Consequently. Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement).0 1. 0.75 In a response spectrum analysis. 0. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.03 1. SPECTRUM CQC X 1. the result is factored by 0.05 SCALE 9. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2).0m and 4.Example Problem 11 directions. The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations.95 .

Application Examples 98 Example Problem 11 This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations. LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the British code. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. . Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements. reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command. The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values.Part I .

36.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 26. 18.0 .0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. 3 3 5 . 2. 35. 1. 24. 28.80 .0 3 0.0 4.0 6.0 3.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25. 11. 46. 32. 20.95 .5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. 4.75 2 0.0 1.0 5 CON GY 37.0 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 6 6.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.806 0.0 6. 43.2 2.05 SCALE 9.0 0. 7. 48. 33. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 2 2 4 . 19. 23.00 .0 3. 51. 4 4 6 5 3 4 .977E-09 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 39.0 1.5 3. 22.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER 6/ 2 99 .0 0. 15.0 0. 21.1 1.0 5 CON GX 25.0 4. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4 6.5 3.0 0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 44. 30.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25. 0.05 1.8 5 CON GY 25. 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 3.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 3. 25.0 5 CON GY -25.2 SPECTRUM CQC X 1. 34. 27. 5. 14.35 0. 37.0 0.0 1. 17. 16. 42. 9.0 .80 0. 12.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.2 5 CON GY 25. 10.8 5 CON GY -37. 41.2 5 6 UNI Y -22. 31. 8. 38.0 ACC DAMP 0.0 4. 45. Intl. 0.0 0. 13.0 0. 47. 49. 40. 2 6.0 5 0.03 1. 6.0 1. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 .5 2.75 2 -0. 50. 29.8 5 CON GX 37.

00000 0.077470E-04 -9.13 3.00000 0.00000 0.58328 0.00251 -0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00 0.051 266.00000 0.000E+00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = MODES REQUESTED = 2 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 8 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 12 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 5.000E+00 0.798E-03 -9.889183E+01 9.000000E+00 KNS 0.000000E+00 KNS 0.000E+00 0.00400 0.000E+00 0.07067 -0.00218 0.742E-03 -9.000E+00 0.000E+00 -2.00 0.797E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 1.00251 0.889183E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -3.000E+00 0.74097 1.000E+00 0.00000 0.Part I .00400 -0.000E+00 -3.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.36730 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.889183E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 9.00000 0.07067 1.05000 0.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 TOTAL NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.000000E+00 KNS DAMPING ------0.000E+00 0.44 FY FZ MX MY 0.00 0.00000 1.00000 0.742E-03 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.000E+00 0.17 2.590301E-35 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.863E-03 -3.179 19.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.66 .797E-03 -2. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 9.00 0.58328 1.00218 -0.00000 0.863E-03 -2.00000 0.798E-03 -2.00 0.000E+00 0.00 0.889152E+01 1.00000 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.437 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.05000 MODAL BASE ACTIONS FORCES IN KNS LENGTH IN METE ----------------------------------------------------------MOMENTS ARE ABOUT THE ORIGIN MODE PERIOD FX 1 2 0.000E+00 0.05145 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.000E+00 0.19308 0.193 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00 MZ -854.00282 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00282 -0.000E+00 0.

0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.39 94.0163 4.0017 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 183.0000 0.0063 0.40 -203.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.Example Problem 11 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.8211 -1.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0104 -0.00 0.0000 0.0017 0.0000 0.0000 0.48 133.0000 0.0000 0.1560 3.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 METE Z X-ROTAN 0.000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 98.0371 -0.0000 0.0063 0.0000 0.76 21.0214 -0.0214 -0.0042 2.0000 0.11 203.0000 0.0000 0.0144 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.52 59.00 266.0104 -0.76 -171.0000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 X-TRANS 0.0000 0.0390 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.52 59.21 -23.0280 -0.0000 0.61 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0047 -0.0000 0.197 100.89 185.43 185.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0046 0.00 0.00 268.43 -82.000 0.0000 -0.09 82.80 0.00 52.20 1.39 94.00 -21.0000 0.0000 0.4239 1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.17 0.0283 0.0000 0.00 0.0144 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0091 -0.0000 0.1048 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.000 0.0000 0.00 0.1292 -3.0000 0.00 0.1292 RADIANS) Y-TRANS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.1560 3.00 0.00 0.00 183.0390 0.0091 -0.0280 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0046 0.4239 1.0000 0.18 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0017 0.0000 0.8211 0.0047 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.18 0.21 -117.57 250.0000 0.0000 0.0017 0.0060 -0.00 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.0000 0.00 2.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KNS -----------------X Y 266.40 101 .0060 0.8148 -1.48 133.0000 0.0163 4.00 --------------------------266.0000 0.09 117.0000 0.8148 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0035 -0.0283 0.0035 -0.57 250.0000 0.0042 2.0022 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 23.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.89 0.00 0.0000 0.11 171.0000 0.00 266.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.00 0.0371 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0022 -0.0000 0.44 0.1048 -3.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.42 -69.00 114.00 0.00 0.12 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 70.11 149.63 8.26 -25.26 -197.00 59.00 0.00 0.38 9.00 0.00 0.73 68.48 23.21 117. 55.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 39.00 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.73 -32.53 47.01 39.43 82.00 0.00 0.39 -93.48 133.03 27.57 48.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 -46.49 -28.00 0.00 0.95 -26.53 0.63 43.00 0.00 0.12 46.88 27.00 0.03 3.43 -117.00 0.47 121.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 -28.03 -65.00 0.00 0.00 0.17 171.89 -181.00 0.42 28.00 0.70 -44.00 0.41 197.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 185.00 0.00 0.00 183.00 0.78 -23.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.09 117.00 0.00 0.01 26.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 -68.00 0.00 0.12 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.73 -114.21 -82.49 46.00 0.00 0.38 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 69.00 0.09 133.95 8.00 0.00 183.12 15.00 0.00 0.07 9.52 -183.44 -26.85 250.04 9.40 75. LOAD LIST 1 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL 3 4 .00 0.00 0. 54.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 -68.00 0.01 -39.57 -48.43 -82.52 -171.24 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 70.35 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 43.89 -181.00 0.43 0.12 -15.00 65.00 0.00 0.87 65.07 59.00 -21.07 59.00 0.38 68.44 -39.00 0.00 0.00 -65.63 -43.00 0.10 -58.00 0.28 94.47 49.00 0.09 82.00 0.00 0.21 0.00 0.87 -65.00 0.84 112.00 0.00 65.03 3.12 112.52 -183.76 -148.50 44.73 47.85 250.21 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 43.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.28 94.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 56.52 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 185.07 9.00 0.41 148.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -203.78 23.00 0.10 -58.11 149.13 27.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 -44.42 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -20.09 -43.73 -32.63 -43.48 133.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.12 15.00 0.49 46.00 0.00 0.00 0.48 -23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 32.38 9.49 28.00 0.07 58.00 0.Part I .44 26.40 -75.00 0.00 0.04 58.88 27.16 20.73 121.00 0.00 0.00 -15.00 0.32 -69.09 133.00 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.95 8.84 49.07 44.00 0.00 0.13 52.00 0.63 8.76 148.00 0.17 203.00 21.42 -52.37 59.63 0.32 69.00 0.39 -93.73 148.37 59.00 0.35 25.00 0.

FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.76 0.898 197.767 203.551 69. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 ANNEX I.com * ************************************************************ 103 . **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.78 C 2 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 183.979 69.6 0.00 BS-4.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 3 0.00 BS-4.10 C 4 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 59.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.6 0. FROM THE UPPER MENU.co.12 T 6 ST UB356X171X45 PASS 32.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.73 C ANNEX I. UPDATE PROPERTIES.co.co.35 0.00 4 - ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 57. THEN FILE SAVE.Example Problem 11 STAAD.39 C 3 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 46.00 3 0.1 0.Pro.com * * Asia support@bentley.12 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .551 69. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 181.3.1 0.1 0.12 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.3.70 C 5 ST UB457X191X82 PASS 15.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. PRESS RESULTS.00 ANNEX I.6 0.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .3.00 BS-4.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.767 203.76 0.12 4 3 4 0.

Part I .Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 NOTES .

as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. During this process. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load.Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. To avoid looking into a lot of output. 105 . enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure.

in this case.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9.Application Examples 106 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.Part I . With the repeat (R) command. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X. UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated.0 Joint number followed by X. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7. zeros. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 . The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60. Since this is a floor structure. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member increment and joint increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively. the Y coordinates are all the same. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 & 9 respectively. Y and Z increments of 0.

SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. such as a truck. DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from METER to MMS. UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in METER and KNS units.0 107 . The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation.Example Problem 12 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. The word ST stands for standard single section. WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck.5 WIDTH 3. SELF Y -1. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated.0 1.0 45. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. that is. 3 axles (90 90 45) are specified with the LOAD command. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces.0 90.0 DISTANCE 3.977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity).

10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier. 0.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1.Part I . LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 12 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1. The Z Increment of 3. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5.0m apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases.0m denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 3. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases.0 This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation.25 0.31. . the X.0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file. ZI 3. For the first of these load cases.

5000 -22. Intl. 27. 11. 3.00 3. 6. 9.0000 -90. 0. 2.0 DISTANCE 3.50 4. 28. 14.5000 -22. 10.977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90.5000 -22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -90.50 LIN1 LIN2 96 109 . ZI 3. 20. 12.25 0. 22.0 45.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210.0000 -45.00 3. 17. 5. 15.0000 -45.0000 -45.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7.75 3.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2.0 90. 24.50 4. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0000 -22. 26. 23. 16. 7.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 3.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 124. 8.391 KNS LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 4.0 1. 25.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11. 21. 19.75 0. 18. 13.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9.Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0000 -45.0 LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.50 4. 4.5 WIDTH 3.

50 METE L2 CON -45.5000 UDL LIN1 6.50 METE 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.5000 LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .5000 -22.00 3.00 4.0000 -45.5000 -22.0000 -45.00 3.50 1.50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.75 1.00 6.50 4.0000 -45.0000 -22.00 3.50 7.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 L2 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 3.00 6.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 3.0000 -45.5000 -22.0000 -90.0000 -45.UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.5000 -22.Part I .00 3.0000 -90.00 3.Application Examples 110 Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.50 7.0000 -45.00 7.0000 -22.5000 -22.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 -45.0000 -45.00 6.5000 -22.50 7.5000 -22.00 6.0000 -45.5000 -22.UNIT KNS L METE 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.0000 -45.50 1.0000 -45.00 6.0000 -45.5000 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -22.5000 -22.00 3.50 7.50 7.0000 -45.50 7.00 3.00 7.0000 -45.00 6.50 4.00 0.75 0.5000 -22.75 3.50 4.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 6.75 0.5000 -22.00 6.00 6.50 1.0000 -45.00 6.0000 -22.0000 -45.5000 -22.0000 -90.00 6.00 3.50 .

5000 -22.00 6.0000 -45.0000 -45.5000 -22.75 1.Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.0000 -45.50 4.0000 -45.UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.UNIT KNS L METE 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER L2 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 6.0000 -22.00 6.50 METE 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 1.5000 -22.00 7.50 1.5000 UDL LIN1 0.0000 -45.0000 -45.5000 -22.00 4.0000 -22.75 0.5000 -22.5000 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .5000 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -22.50 1.50 7.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.00 6.00 3.75 0.00 3.75 3.0000 -45.75 0.00 6.50 4.00 6.00 0.00 6.50 111 .00 6.0000 -45.50 1.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 -45.0000 -90.00 6.0000 -90.0000 -45.0000 -45.5000 -22.50 1.0000 -45.00 0.0000 -22.0000 -45.00 3.50 7.50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.00 6.0000 -45.5000 -22.75 1.00 6.5000 -22.0000 -90.0000 -90.0000 -90.0000 -45.0000 -45.5000 -22.5000 -22.00 3.50 METE L2 CON -45.00 3.50 7.5000 -22.0000 -45.50 1.00 3.5000 -22.50 4.

please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 4 1 5 11 73.0000 -45.00 3.00 9.0000 -45.50 4.48 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.50 1.00 0.84 0.00 0.00 9.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 0.0000 -45.00 0.00 0.75 0. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KNS METE MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST 81.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL METE L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -90.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.30 0.Part I .50 0.00 4.00 -504.00 1.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 1.co.5000 -22.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.76 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.Pro.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.5000 -22.50 1 1 1 11 9.00 0.00 1.00 -134.75 3.50 4.00 0.00 1.17 0.18 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.50 1.30 0.00 0.50 1.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 9.0000 -90.50 4.00 3.00 -18.co.0000 -45.co.00 3 1 3 11 0.50 11 0.24 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.03 0.00 11 0.16 0.00 1 0.00 9.34 0.50 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.50 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 30.50 10 1 11 11 9.00 1 0.0000 -22.00 -147.00 3.50 5 1 10 11 0.00 -31.5000 -22.com * ************************************************************ .75 1.00 1 0.00 1.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .com * * * * North America support@bentley.50 5 1 10 11 42 MAX MIN LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD FX DIST LD 0.00 1.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 -0.00 9.

The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure.Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends plus several intermediate points of the members. 13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. 113 .

Application Examples 114 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from METER to MMS.5 . MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table. the Z coordinates need not be provided. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210.) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. The word ST stands for standard single section. 4. 2 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 4 6 0. 3 6 4. 2 2 3 .Part I . Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. Semicolon signs (. Since this is a plane structure. . MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .5 .

* * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE * POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS). UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated followed by an optional title. 115 .0 Load 1 contains a joint load of 25KN at node 2. JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. 4 PINNED A fixed support is specified at Joint 1 and a pinned support at Joint 4.Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.0 Load 1 contains a member load also. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. .Part I . * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT Above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.

3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210.16 23. 10. 2.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS 6 0.00 33. 18.16 -148. 6. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 121.03 0. 26. 15. 8. 21. 29.34 -23.00 105. 9. 4 PINNED UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25.55 -26. 19. 14. 4.34 0. 22.66 -1. 2 0.5 .16 0. 13.84 1.34 121.66 0. 16. 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 23.00 0. 28.34 -23. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X 117 .0 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45.00 0. 5.00 0.00 0. 11. 4 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 . 3. 2 2 3 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.84 -121.00 0. 7.00 0. Intl.00 0. 27.84 148.00 0.00 0.03 3 1 3 4 148.08 -105.00 0. 12. 17.00 0. * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS).5 .00 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED .00 26. P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0.08 2 1 2 3 23. 4. 3 6 4. 25.

0180 -0.0222 -0.0250 0.8855 2.0000 0.2831 3.0371 -0.0000 316 .0000 0.3302 2.6264 -2.0000 1.0270 -0.0541 -0. 38.2712 3.0541 2.0090 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.1440 0.0111 -0.2842 DISP = 0.0000 0. 37.0408 1 3.0000 0.6659 3.0148 -0.57707 3.0000 0.0000 0.6839 0.4789 -1.3906 -2.1593 -1.0000 0.0000 0.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 13 30.50 0.0000 0.0000 0.5396 3.5000 2. 34.0074 -0.0000 0.5784 LOAD L/DISP= -0.2766 3.1513 -0.0000 572 0. 39.1853 1.0360 -0. 32.0000 225.0000 0.0000 300.42206 AT 0.00 0. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.9446 -2.0445 AT -0.3527 -2.0000 0.5983 1. 41.2787 3. 31. 33.0000 DISP = 0.8555 1. 42.0000 0.7367 -1.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0.7006 -0.0185 -0.2777 3.0000 0.0496 -0.5758 L/DISP= -0.0225 -0.2744 3.0000 232 0.0000 0.6669 3.0445 -1.00 0.0000 0. 40.0135 -0.0315 -0.0000 0.0000 0.2755 3.2712 DISP = AT -0.0260 -0.0000 187.0045 1 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** L/DISP= 0.0213 2.2733 3.Y.0334 -0.0000 -0.78661 3. 35.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.0000 0. 36.2188 0.2809 3.3120 3.0000 0.0297 -0.5847 -2.0000 0.7785 LOAD -0.2798 3.6354 1.2842 3.0037 -0.0000 0.3858 0.0000 0.2722 LOAD 1 3.Part I .0451 -0.0000 0.0000 0. * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS.1563 1.0405 -0. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.0000 0.0000 0. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.0982 0.2820 3.5494 3.

com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.co.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Example Problem 13 43.Pro.com * ************************************************************ 119 .

Application Examples 120 Example Problem 13 NOTES .Part I .

49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 121 . A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads.Example Problem 14 Example Problem No.

Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 .Application Examples 122 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 3. Then. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times.5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3.5 m for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64. First.Part I . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.5 0 The X. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3. the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136. Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112.

032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7.30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in BRITISH steel table. members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints.5 CT 0. DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. Importance factor. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor.0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc.2 I 1.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. and. the default built-in values are used.5 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads.40 ZD 0. 123 .Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD. Finally. CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants.

5 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of a load case number. . Member weights are not shown in this example. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads. Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight.Part I .0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY –7. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. Vertical loads too are part of this case. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied. Along with the UBC load. joint weights and/or member weights. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. it is important that we include horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 14 the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated.5 In load case 2. In other words. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report of all the applied and generated loadings. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0.0 49 TO 64 FY -3.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. deadweight is also added to the same load case.0 49 TO 64 FY –3.

125 .Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory.

18. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 41.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 7. 26.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. 6. 33. 9. 49. 37.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0. 45. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10. 12. 13. 17. 24. 4. 40. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 .0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3. 34. 10. 19. 30. Intl.30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0. 20.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 47. 28. 3. 43. 11.Part I . 8. 51.5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3.0 49 TO 64 FY -3. 5. 46. 22. 15. 38.0 49 TO 64 FY -3. 39. 48. 32. 35.5 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 29.2 I 1.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 25.5 CT 0.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7. 16. 44. 36. 14. 21.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 23.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. 31.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3.5 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. 2.40 ZD 0. 27. 50. 42.

00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 127 .00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.UNIT KNS 798.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 14 LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 * * C = 2.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0. THEN EACH UBC/IBC CASE SHOULD BE FOLLOWED BY PERFORM ANALYSIS & CHANGE.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .50 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.285 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 x 1078.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.455 Tb = 0.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.50 -3.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 = 65.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.Application Examples 128 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 **WARNING: IF THIS UBC/IBC ANALYSIS HAS TENSION/COMPRESSION OR REPEAT LOAD OR RE-ANALYSIS OR SELECT OPTIMIZE.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.UNIT KNS 798.00 0.50 -3.

000 AT LEVEL 3.000 0.0611 x 1078.687 0.386 1.000 0.743 1.743 1.000 0.750 0.46 = 65.000 0.Example Problem 14 *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.135 0.449 0.166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 1 0.386 1.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.000 0.500 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.373 1.386 1.500 METE 1.135 0.568 0.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.000 0.000 * * C = 2.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.743 1.000 0.135 1.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.030 1.000 0.898 1.449 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.743 1.386 1.000 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.083 0.030 1.000 0.568 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.7500.568 0.000 0.181 129 .000 0.455 Tb = 1.568 0.000 0.687 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.000 0.000 0.000 0.135 1.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.373 1.000 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.687 0.687 0.449 0.386 1.000 0.386 1.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.135 1.000 0.030 1.000 0.568 0.568 0.000 0.000 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.000 0.386 1.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.898 1.386 1.000 0.373 1.135 1.898 1.000 0.373 1.135 1.568 0.568 0.000 0.103 Tuser = 0.000 0.

000 0.743 1.568 0.568 0.000 0.000 0.898 1.000 0.135 0.181 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 52.386 1.135 1.898 1.000 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.568 0.000 0.000 0.750 0.386 1.687 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.449 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.000 ----------0.449 0.000 0.000 ----------0.568 0.000 0.000 0.030 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.373 1.000 0.386 1.500 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.386 1.500 METE 1.000 AT LEVEL 3.568 0.449 0.000 0.000 ----------0.135 1.000 0.373 1.373 1.687 0.000 0.687 0.135 1.000 AT LEVEL 10.386 1.135 1.000 0.135 0.000 0.135 0.568 0.000 0.898 1.000 0.Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.743 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.083 0.386 1.030 1.000 0.000 0.373 1.687 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.000 0.000 0.000 0.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.568 0.568 0.386 1.386 1.743 1.743 1.135 1.000 0.000 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS .166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 2 0.000 0.000 0.Part I .030 1.

29 0.06 65.51 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Example Problem 14 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -2.76 73.12 64.35 56.73 0.01 -5.29 0.49 5.01 -5.35 73.02 6.02 7.52 83.22 0.01 -3.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.01 -3.co.90 85.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.02 7.00 0.00 0.01 -5.07 -5.45 43.06 -3.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.01 -3.01 -3.co.00 0.00 0.12 -0.80 0.49 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.Pro.83 -0.49 5. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.83 -0.07 -5.07 -5.96 -0.01 -3.00 0.01 -3.75 -0.82 0.00 0.45 -2.45 -3.06 -3.03 0.07 -5.51 0.45 -2.81 0.36 59.00 0.96 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.06 -3.00 0.45 -2.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.80 -0.62 0.14 0.01 -3.07 -5.07 -5.81 85.60 76.01 -5.61 0.com * ************************************************************ 131 .45 -3.95 88.00 0.61 -0.12 57.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.02 7.18 80.76 -0.90 43.06 -3.81 0.00 0.45 -3.95 80.07 -5.11 -0.07 -5.75 -0.21 -0.00 0.06 -3.76 -0.01 -3.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.82 -0.94 0.01 -5.co.00 0.22 0.81 62.02 6.com * * Europe support@bentley.01 -5.79 64.60 83.14 -0.95 73.42 -0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.01 -3.00 0.06 0.02 7.31 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.08 -0.02 6.49 5.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.55 73.00 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.53 -0.12 59.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.01 -3.36 41.62 0.45 -3.00 0.06 -3.75 0.31 0.94 0.14 0.01 -3.01 -3.com * * Asia support@bentley.06 0.26 -0.02 -0.95 65.00 0.55 56.00 0.14 -0.11 0.12 -0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.76 65.01 -5.18 88.00 5.11 -0.43 65.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.49 7.42 -0.06 -3.01 -3.49 7.52 76.49 7.00 0.40 0.53 -0.00 0.06 -3.01 -3.02 -0.08 -0.00 0.03 -0.02 6.11 0.49 7.43 62.01 -5.21 -0.75 -0.00 0.00 0.11 -0.01 -3.73 0.79 57.12 41.06 0.01 -3.

Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 NOTES .Part I .

17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 133 . 15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.Example Problem 15 Example Problem No.

WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem.Part I . Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs.5 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X. 36 19 24 . 35 21 23 . 34 18 21 . 33 20 22 .5 m. 31 11 16 32 17 20 . Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 3. UNIT METER KNS The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used. MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 . Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD. 29 10 13 .Application Examples 134 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE . The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame. 30 13 15 . 28 12 14 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2400 3900 4004 5404 6008 7408 8908 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3.

0 8. the built-in default values have been used. DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. Three different sections have been used. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in BRITISH steel table. or pressure loads on plates. In this case.0 EXPOSURE 0. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility. SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification.0 EXPOSURE 0. the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input. distributed loads on members.5 7.85 JOINT 9 12 14 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading.0 1. and converts them to values that can then be used as 135 . Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions.5 HEIGHT 3.90 YRANGE 6.

defined previously. m) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 3.4 3. In a floor load generation.Part I .0 XRANGE 0. The input specification is done in two stages.0 9.0 ZRANGE 0. WIND loading TYPE 1. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification.4 3.0m.0m).1 FLOAD –2.0 KN/sq.0 8. two different wind intensities (1.2 .5 KN/sq. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. 12 and 14. The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here.6 FLOAD –5.0 YRANGE 6. In this case. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.5 to 7. two different exposure factors are specified.9 7. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.5m and 3.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 6.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation. LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3.5 XRANGE 4. In this case.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3.6 FLOAD –2. The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command.0 ZRANGE 0. m and 1. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces .0m – 8.85 for joints 9. a floor load generation is performed. In the EXPOSURE factor specification.0 4. is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 15 concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases. In this example.0 YRANGE 3. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure.0 8. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.5 In load case 2 in this problem.

The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure.4 – 3. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. For example.0 m and ZRANGE of 0. The YRANGE.4. in the negative global Y direction. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 3.6 m. 137 . PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory.Example Problem 15 and distributed forces on the members located in that region.0 .0 .m.0 KN/sq. XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting.0 m.0 signifies that the pressure is 5. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification.8. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. The –5. XRANGE of 0.

6 FLOAD -2.5 7. 19. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA . 13. 14. 40. 36.4 Note 6. 9. 45.0 4. 23. 42. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands.5 XRANGE 4. 18.0 XRANGE 0. 27.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 . 6.85 JOINT 9 12 14 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 33 20 22 .0 8. 43.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3.5 HEIGHT 3. 32. Intl. 12.90 YRANGE 6. 4. 11. 28 12 14 . 46.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 15 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. YRANGE 6. 22. 34 18 21 .0 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights. 24. 16.4 3. 28. 30.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 4 0 0 3 9 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 4 0 4 6 0 0 8 7 4 0 8 8 9 0 8 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3. 3.9 7. YRANGE 3. 29 10 13 .5 48. 25. 29. 7. 35. 37.0 8.2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3. STAAD SPACE . 36 19 24 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5.0 ZRANGE 0.4 3.0 8. 39. 31.Part I . 17.6 FLOAD -5.0 ZRANGE 0.0 1.0 EXPOSURE 0.32. 2. 30 13 15 . 34. 35 21 23 . 5. 44. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 10. 38. 31 11 16 32 17 20 . 26. 20.0 9.0 47.1 FLOAD -2. 8. 15. 33. 41. 21.0 EXPOSURE 0.

00 0.00 LOADING 2 ----------- FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3.00 0.40 4.39 0.00 0.61 3.37 3.00 0.0938 -1.7812 -0.4688 -0.20 8.UNIT KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 4.0312 -1.7188 -2.00 0.00 0.4688 -0.87 3.88 1.4062 -1.88 2.0938 -1.5M AND 7M MEMBER LOAD .38 1.1563 -0.39 0.0938 -1.61 3.13 1.63 0.3438 -2.7188 -2.00 0.83 0.63 0.00 0.13 1.0312 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 0.17 0.39 0.3438 -2.13 1.34 5.00 0.37 2.4688 -0.7812 -1.1563 -0.0312 -2.4062 -1.62 2.38 1.1563 -0.17 0.00 0.00 0.1563 -0.63 1.00 0.3438 -2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION JOINT LOAD .00 0.63 1.00 0.7188 -1.7812 -0.4062 -1.67 0.00 0.7188 -1.00 0.12 2.00 0.3438 -2.00 0.4688 -0.0938 -0.00 0.00 0.85 8.00 0.1563 -0.12 2.00 0.20 8.38 1.00 0.88 1.00 0.7188 -2.00 0.00 0.4062 -1.00 0.0312 -1.37 2.00 0.00 0.12 3.63 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.7812 -1.4062 -1.12 3.Example Problem 15 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = LOADING 1 ----------- 2.00 0.67 11.93 5.93 17.63 LIN1 LIN2 139 .62 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 3.83 0.88 1.00 0.0938 -0.00 0.0312 -2.00 0.7812 -1.87 3.4688 -0.88 2.UNIT KNS MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

88 2.63 0.0938 -0.7188 -2.62 2.63 1.38 1.62 2.83 0.61 3.4062 -1.0312 -2.12 2.63 0.88 2.63 0.1563 -0.7188 -1.3438 -2.Application Examples 140 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .39 0.7188 -1.88 1.88 2.17 0.7812 -0.88 1.4062 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.3438 -2.4688 -0.13 1.7188 -2.0938 -0.0312 -2.61 3.7188 -1.4062 -1.63 1.7188 -2.63 1.12 3.0312 -1.38 1.0938 -1.87 3.37 3.3438 -2.61 3.83 0.13 1.37 3.4688 -0.7812 -0.83 0.12 2.3438 -2.61 3.12 2.0312 -2.12 3.7812 -1.3438 -2.3438 -2.88 1.38 1.1563 -0.4688 -0.7812 -1.37 2.4062 -1.4688 -0.13 1.0312 -1.7812 -0.0312 -2.37 3.7188 -1.0938 -1.4688 -0.1563 -0.63 0.1563 -0.0938 -0.7188 -1.62 2.88 2.4688 -0.1563 -0.3438 -2.13 1.0312 -1.39 0.17 0.88 1.37 2.37 2.88 2.7812 -1.12 2.12 2.4062 -1.4062 -1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -2.87 3.62 2.4688 -0.0312 -1.12 3.1563 -0.4062 -1.3438 -2.37 2.39 0.17 0.39 0.87 LIN1 LIN2 .3438 -2.7188 -2.62 2.12 3.4062 -1.0938 -0.83 0.1563 -0.4688 -0.1563 -0.0312 -1.4062 -1.7812 -0.0938 -1.0938 -1.63 1.3438 -2.Part I .17 0.37 2.37 3.7812 -1.87 3.87 3.38 1.

51 4.6104 -0.21 0.65 5.6104 -0.0986 -1.5869 -1.3662 -0.3662 -0.3428 -1.79 LIN1 LIN2 141 .10 1.62 2.79 0.28 6.6104 -0.0986 -0.96 3.6104 -0.39 0.28 3.1221 -0.79 1.96 6.8545 -0.90 4.79 0.50 L2 CON -1.59 3.4062 -1.1563 -0.3662 -0.3662 -0.1221 -0.5869 -1.5869 -1.3428 -1.79 1.37 3.3438 -2.10 1.5869 -1.0986 -1.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .83 0.3428 -1.21 0.4062 -1.17 0.90 4.3662 -0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 UDL -6.0312 -1.79 1.41 1.8545 -1.49 0.65 2.13 1.21 7.63 0.10 1.7188 -1.61 3.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.1221 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.4688 -0.3662 -0.37 3.1221 -0.3428 -1.4688 -0.63 1.6104 -0.0938 -1.41 1.21 4.7812 -0.2500 GY METE L1 2.50 -1.8311 -1.87 3.3428 -1.65 2.12 2.04 2.5869 -1.4688 -0.6104 -0.0986 -1.38 1.72 2.0986 -0.1221 -0.12 3.90 7.12 3.72 2.1221 -0.61 3.8545 -0.88 1.7812 -0.49 0.0986 -0.0938 -0.59 3.1563 -0.83 0.0312 -2.72 2.59 6.35 2.51 4.49 0.3438 -2.5869 -1.7188 -2.88 2.04 2.37 2.8311 -1.21 4.28 3.1563 -0.7812 -1.3428 -1.04 2.96 3.8545 -0.8311 -1.0938 -0.8311 -1.51 7.8311 -1.8545 -1.8545 -1.35 2.21 0.8311 5.41 1.

0781 -0.62 2.0986 -1.1719 -1.38 1.12 3.63 1.72 2.1719 -1.1719 -1.12 3.3906 -0.0781 -0.1221 -0.3906 -0.41 1.39 0.88 1.65 1.0986 -0.37 2.39 0.7031 -0.3906 -0.12 2.63 1.3906 -0.83 0.8545 -1.0156 -0.3906 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.96 2.5469 -0.63 0.2344 -0.8594 -0.0781 -0.62 2.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.5469 -0.39 0.62 2.61 3.88 2.38 1.59 2.37 3.63 0.21 3.3906 -0.28 2.2344 -0.04 2.3662 -0.88 2.63 0.37 3.90 3.63 LIN1 LIN2 .88 1.10 1.7031 -0.0781 -0.1221 1.87 3.5869 -1.Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .7031 -0.3906 -0.3428 -1.8545 -0.0156 -1.50 L2 CON -1.8594 -1.0781 -0.21 0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 UDL -6.12 2.12 3.17 0.00 2.17 0.79 1.7031 -0.17 0.38 1.2344 -0.87 3.8594 -1.8311 4.49 0.5469 -0.Part I .8594 -0.2344 -0.88 2.2344 -0.13 1.8594 -1.6104 -0.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.5469 -0.83 0.50 -0.5869 -1.8594 -0.83 0.5469 -0.13 1.0156 -1.63 1.88 1.61 3.51 3.17 0.1719 -1.2344 -0.2500 GY -6.6104 -0.00 -0.0156 -0.3428 -1.5469 -0.2500 GY METE L1 0.12 2.0781 -0.8311 -1.0156 -1.0781 -0.87 3.7031 -0.2344 -0.37 2.7031 -0.3662 -0.0156 -0.37 2.1719 -1.39 0.61 3.1719 -1.37 3.13 1.

79 1.3662 -0.21 3.96 6.8545 -0.8311 -1.3428 -1.0986 -0.72 2.59 2.2344 -0.6104 -0.41 1.59 6.3428 -1.5469 -0.96 3.1719 -1.49 0.50 L2 CON -0.0781 -0.49 0.61 3.41 1.3428 -1.8545 -1.3662 -0.79 1.3662 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.65 2.1221 -1.0986 -1.87 3.8545 -0.35 2.3662 -0.12 2.79 1.6104 -0.8545 -1.04 2.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.51 4.21 0.8311 5.28 6.38 1.28 3.1719 -1.21 7.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .37 3.5869 -1.79 0.90 4.90 3.88 2.21 0.5869 -1.96 3.96 2.28 3.65 1.51 LIN1 LIN2 143 .UNIT KNS MEMBER 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 UDL -6.04 2.83 0.3906 -0.3662 -0.5869 -1.51 7.1221 -0.65 2.0986 -0.35 2.51 4.37 2.1221 -0.8311 -1.0986 -0.6104 -0.8594 -1.8594 -0.5869 -1.1221 -0.63 1.21 4.8545 -0.0156 -0.3428 -1.7031 -0.1221 -0.21 0.8311 -1.3428 -1.65 5.72 2.7031 -0.3428 -1.6104 -0.28 2.13 1.8311 -1.90 4.21 4.1221 -0.5869 -1.8311 -1.3662 -0.12 3.0986 -1.3662 -0.88 1.79 0.04 2.8545 -1.72 2.8311 -1.2500 GY METE L1 2.6104 -0.49 0.3428 -1.50 -1.10 1.59 3.6104 -0.41 1.10 1.6104 -0.10 1.79 1.5869 -1.5469 -0.0986 -0.0986 -1.59 3.8545 -0.0156 -1.90 7.62 2.5869 -1.

3906 -0.7031 -0.17 0.2344 -0.37 2.83 0.3906 -0.12 2.1221 1.61 3.63 1.63 1.62 2.2344 -0.2500 GY -6.0156 L GY 3.8545 -1.5469 -0.87 3.5869 -1.0156 -1.5469 -0.2344 -0.2500 GY METE L1 0.87 3.1221 -0.63 0.8594 -1.50 L2 CON -0.7031 -0.1719 -1.88 1.88 1.8594 -0.61 3.3906 -0.04 2.0156 -1.8594 -1.5469 -0.1719 -1.0781 -0.1719 -1.5469 -0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 UDL -6.83 0.Part I .5469 -0.41 1.87 3.12 3.5469 -0.37 3.12 3.79 1.3428 -1.0156 -0.7031 -0.12 3.88 2.1719 -1.1719 -1.37 3.72 2.0781 -0.2344 -0.88 2.21 0.88 1.8594 -1.63 1.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.63 0.7031 -0.2344 -0.0156 -1.13 1.1719 -1.50 -0.37 LIN1 LIN2 .6104 -0.62 2.3662 -0.0986 -1.38 1.5469 -0.37 3.88 1.8311 4.0156 -1.2344 -0.3906 -0.38 1.8594 -0.00 -0.88 2.2344 -0.17 0.12 2.7031 -0.12 2.0156 -0.3906 -0.1719 -1.17 0.0781 -0.13 1.0781 -0.13 1.39 0.62 2.3906 -0.38 1.38 1.83 0.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .61 3.7031 -0.0156 -0.1719 -1.17 0.88 2.8594 -0.0781 -0.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.0781 -0.63 0.37 2.3906 -0.12 2.63 1.39 0.37 2.13 1.00 2.39 0.39 0.7031 -0.8594 -1.10 1.0781 -0.63 0.49 0.

5469 -0.62 2.71 -20. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.00 0.00 0.95 49.00 -1.75 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 52.7031 -0.00 0.15 -5.70 -0.97 117.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.85 27.00 0.83 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 49.16 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.71 -11.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.80 -6.01 -0.00 -0.Pro.01 -0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.01 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.80 -6.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.3906 -0.00 0.00 0.68 -11.70 3.8594 -0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.16 0.00 0.61 -9.00 0.30 -28.14 66.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 145 .61 3.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.70 3. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0781 L GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.00 0.54 1.46 25.26 0.30 -0.00 1.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.01 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 33 33 33 33 33 33 CON -0.05 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 -5.95 49.00 0.26 0.2344 -0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.12 3.75 7.co.01 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.01 0.70 -0.72 -12.87 3.01 -0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 -0.00 0.58 0.60 52.00 0.00 0.46 25.00 0.00 0.37 3.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.58 0.00 0.

Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 NOTES .Part I .

The structure is subjected to “forcing function” and “ground motion” loading. The maxima of joint displacements.Example Problem 16 Example Problem No. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. 147 . member end forces and support reactions are determined.

0 120.0 IZ 833.0 0.0 3 0.0 4 0.0 0. density and Poisson’s ratio.0 2 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame. Since this is a PLANE frame.0 Joint number followed by the X.0 0.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.0 0.0 360.Part I . SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4.33 All the members have "PRISMATIC" property specification. CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E". JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above. MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100.0 240. Area of cross section "AX". and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis.0 0. UNITS CMS KNS Specifies the units to be used. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. .

0 2. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified.3 2. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500.1 0.5 –0. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure. the damping ratio is the same (7.5 –1. Following this data.0 DAMPING 0.0 0. First the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.5 1.5 500.0 –1.0 3.5 100.0 200. In this example.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0 –0. The first stage is defined above.0 0.0 1. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs.5 500.0 1.0 –20.9 2.0 –0.5 –0.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0. A uniformly distributed force of 500 Newton/m acts along the global X direction on all 3 members.Example Problem 16 UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.0 70. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load 149 .0 3.25 1.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis.5%) for all modes.0 800. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).0 2.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000.0 Load case 1 above is a static load.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.

the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 16 commands. For each degree of freedom. So. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights. the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node. FINISH . The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. acting in the global X direction. at nodes 2 and 3. is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1. The Ground motion. UNIT KNS METER PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step.Part I . PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. the Type 2 time history loading. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. Following that. namely. the program calculates joint displacements for every time step. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. at arrival time number 1. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history.

15.0 70. 14.0 0.25 1.9 2.0 -20.0 DAMPING 0. 36. 20.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 3. 21. 37. 29.1 0. 17.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000.0 0. 30. 23.0 2. 32.0 0. 27.5 500. 10.0 360. 22. 16.3 2.0 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 12.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0. 35.0 4 0. 13.0 3 0. 31.0 2 0.0 -0.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES.0 1.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500. 33.0 2. 19. 25. 18. 26. MODES REQUESTED = 6 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** 8 151 .0 0.0 120. 11. 38.7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0. 4. 28. 8.0 3.5 100.0 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. 2. 24.0 3. 6.5 500.0 -0.0 IZ 833. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS CMS KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.5 -0.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL MORE MODES NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.33 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0. 34.0 240.0 0. 5. 7.0 200.0 -1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 800.5 -1.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0. Intl.5 1.5 -0. 9.

000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.8420 0.0000 0.0000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 360. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.0020 0.0000 0.0750 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.4002 0.0041 0.0000 0.000 0.00 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00226 0.000 0.0000 0.0042 0.0000 0.000000 39.0000 0.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.8420 0.000 100.00100.00130 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0084 -0.0000 0.000000E+00 0.08365 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 100.0042 0.0000 0.000 0.0000 0.087 11.0000 0.00 0.000 100.4002 0.457 768.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.000000E+00 0.0000 0.000 100.0000 0.00 100.0000 0.0084 .0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 0.000 0.32397 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.Part I .0020 -0.0750 0.0750 0.955 443.090 0.NEWT METE MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= -2. PRINT MEMBER FORCES Z-ROTAN -0.0000 0.0000 0.0041 -0.000 0.00 0.000000 Z= 0.00 A C T U A L MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 41.0000 X-ROTAN 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.777266E+03 2.000 100.00 0.0000 0.00 0.054167 Y= 0.999 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 2159 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.0750 0.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 2 3 4 PARTICIPATION FACTORS 2 PERIOD(SEC) 3.

00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -1.39 0.90 -0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.39 1.00 0.90 -1.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 -0.30 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 1.00 0.Pro.com * ************************************************************ 153 .00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.Example Problem 16 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 3 4 3 4 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.72 -1.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 1.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.72 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 -1.00 0.30 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.co.39 -0.00 0.co.00 0.67 0.39 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -1.co.00 0.00 0.67 2 3 2 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 154 Example Problem 16 NOTES .

17 The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame.Example Problem 17 Example Problem No. 155 . User provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not found in the built-in steel section tables.

0. 15 9 14 .5 11 4.5 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 .75 10. 8 9 10.0 12.2 The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the various joints of the structure.5 11.) signs are used as line separators. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .Application Examples 156 Example Problem 17 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. In the above input. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 16 11 14 . the Z coordinate(s) need to be provided also. This completes the geometry of the structure.5 .5 . This allows the user to provide multiple sets of data on one line. semicolon (.Part I .3 .5 10.326. 8 7 12 . 11 15 16 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. . 7 5 6 . .468.534 6 4 5 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. 12 13 15 . 19 10 13 . The data consists of the joint number followed by global X and Y coordinates.5 13. 12 1. MEMBER INCIDENCES 113. 23 8 10 The above data set contains the member incidence information or the joint connectivity data for each member. The PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane frame. 22 10 11 . 2 9 0 . 10 6. 15 6.237. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 9 2.0 12.3.4 14 3. UNIT METER KNS The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used.25 10. The cartesian system is being used here.4 . 16 4. Note that for a space frame. 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10.5 11. 13 7.5 .

CHANNEL.0 35. BEAM250 32. Without exception. For detailed information on the various properties required for the different section-types and their order of specification.8 26. ANGLE. are available for specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual). the section-name is provided. The second line contains the section properties required for the particular section-type. for wide flanges. TEE etc. For example. UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE FLANGE in this table. ten different properties are required. Upto twenty tables may be specified per run.4 0.6 35.85 3400 150 6. All user provided steel tables must start with this command.15 14150 970 22.) provided in a certain order. Note that several section-types such as WIDE FLANGE. 157 .Example Problem 17 START USER TABLE This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table. The data for each section consists of two parts.73 17.5 0.2 15. moment of inertias etc.4 1.8 BEAM350 64.5 The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide flange sections.72 12.2 1. In the first line.6 10. TABLE 1 Each table needs an unique numerical identification. depth. all required properties for the particular section-type must be provided. Each section-type requires a certain number of data (area of cross-section. The user is allowed to provide any section name within twelve characters.2 25.7 15.07 7160 335 14.6 0.5 30.9 23. refer to section 5.4 BEAM300 47.3 21.2 0. 1. in this case.19 in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. The above command starts setting up Table no.

.0 5. the member properties are being assigned from the user provided tables created earlier.33 L50505 5. MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as truss members.78 1.0 0. The numbers 1 or 2 following the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are fetched.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 17 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3.0 0. END This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.0 3.0 0.0 1. MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 .33 1. This is followed by the table number and then the section name as specified in the user provided table.0 4.0 L40405 4.67 The above command and data lines set up another user provided table consisting of angle sections.67 1.5 0.5 0. All user provided table related input must be terminated with this command.Part I .98 1.5 0. 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 In the above command lines. The word UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.58 1.

5 and 11. 11 FY -155. density. UNIT KNS METER The force unit is reset to KNS.5 The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the structure. In this case. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. 6 UNI GY –17. and distributed loads on some members. concentrated loads at joints 4. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 2 PINNED The above command set is used to designate supports. It consists of selfweight. and length unit to METER using this command. 5. CONSTANTS E STEEL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. Built-in default value of steel is used for the material constants.0 MEMB 3 4 The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity. dead and live loads are provided through load case 1.5 . joint 1 is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a pinned support. 159 .Example Problem 17 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ moment at the start joint of member no. . MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y –13. Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values. Here.

CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 SELECT MEMBER 20 This command will perform a code check on members 3 and 19 per the BRITISH steel design code.85 ALL KY 1.Application Examples 160 Example Problem 17 PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this point. .Part I . the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property.0 ALL NSF 0. FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run. For each member. It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same data file. the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design. A member selection too is performed for member 20. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1. In this case.

0 4. 13.0 12. 43.8 26. 53. 17.4 1.2 0. .Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.6 0. 5.25 10. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 54. 29.4 14 3.5 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 36. 45. 21. 46.0 0. 3 2 6 . 25. 27. Intl. 39.0 12.0 0. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .5 0. 28. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .5 . 8.6 10.85 3400 150 6.5 11 4.33 L50505 5. 35. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 16 11 14 . 15.67 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 .4 . 2 9 0 .72 12.4 BEAM300 47.33 1. 14.0 3. 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.78 1. 16.5 . 50. 41. 34.15 14150 970 22. 2.5 0.2 15. 57. 37. 23. 30.0 1.73 17. 48.0 35.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 40.5 0. 8 9 10. 4.4 0.8 BEAM350 64.2 1. 49. 15 9 14 . 47.98 1.7 15. 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10. 6.3. 58. . 10. 26. 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90.07 7160 335 14. 33.75 10.9 23. 5 3 4 6 4 5 . 31. 4 6 8 . 8 7 12 . 9.0 0. 19 10 13 . 52.5 11. 38.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT KNS METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED .5 . 2 3 7 .5 .6 35. 24.0 L40405 4. 11. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 51. 32.5 10.58 1. 23 8 10 START USER TABLE TABLE 1 UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE BEAM250 32. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13. 11 15 16 . 22. 15 6. 44. 7 5 6 .5 161 . 56. 42. 55. 12 1.5 30. 0. 16 4.5 11.5 13.0 5. 19. 6 UNI GY -17.67 1.5 . 3. 11 FY -155. 22 10 11 .2 25.3 21. 18. 12.3 .5 0. 20. 13 7.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65. 12 13 15 .2 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 10 6. 9 2. 7.

86 BS-4. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 1. 64. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.NO. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.1 52.00 . 28 60.Part I .(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.NO.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 66.3. 63. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.69 C FAIL 18. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1. 65.Application Examples 162 Example Problem 17 59.472 0. 62.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * * 3 ST BEAM350 19 ST L30305 FAIL 246.7 (C) 0. SELECT MEMBER 20 1 1 0.3.85 ALL KY 1.Pro CODE CHECKING .NO. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.654 0. 61.19 C BS-4.8.0 ALL NSF 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .00 2.2 MEMB 3 4 CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 STAAD.

jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.com * * Europe support@bentley. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 67. IN THE POST PROCESSOR. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.38 T BS-4.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .Example Problem 17 STAAD.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.Pro.co.00 1 0.970 0.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .com * * * * North America support@bentley.KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST L30305 PASS 62.co.com * ************************************************************ 163 .co.com * * Asia support@bentley. UPDATE PROPERTIES.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.6 (T) 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. FROM THE UPPER MENU. PRESS RESULTS.00 0. THEN FILE SAVE.

Application Examples 164 Example Problem 17 NOTES .Part I .

13 Load intensity = 2000 Kn/sq. 5.m in .Example Problem 18 Example Problem No. 3. 2. Fixed Supports at Joints 1.Y direction 165 . 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 9. 4.

JOINT COORDINATES 10004900 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 Joint number followed by X. .Part I . Y and Z coordinates are provided above. ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.Application Examples 166 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. based on which. The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure).25 m. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete. ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0. the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated.25 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 0.

bending moments per unit width and principal stresses. 167 . UNIT MMS PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command. The output includes membrane stresses.m is applied on all the elements. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. The change of length unit from metre to mms indicates that the values will be printed in KN and MMs units. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000. shear stresses.Example Problem 18 SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints.0 A uniform pressure of 2000 Kn/sq. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z. In the absence of an explicit direction specification.

5.04 0.26 0.00 24034. 6.00 -66475.44 8767.47 0. 12.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 -1219.13 37676. 8.00 -88169.28 35166.00 -525.04 0.71 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 54 21.21 0. 11.26 0. 10.71 8767.00 66475.00 0. 19.00 2984.13 37676. 4.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ 7 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 9.65 0.00 -391. UNIT MMS 23.00 0.25 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000.00 -26681.00 -2984.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.47 0.00 0.21 MOM-Y 0. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 MOM Z .00 88169.00 0.44 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z MOM-X 0. 3. 2. 20. 15. 14.00 391.Part I . STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 9 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0.53 0.53 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 17. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 METE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. 13.00 0. 16.00 -24034.65 0. Intl.00 26681.00 0. 7.00 525.28 35166.71 0. 18.

MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.75 0. 1 1 6.Example Problem 18 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.Pro.co.217974E+00 -1.90 0.217974E+00 PLATE NO.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.017370E-01 4 1 1.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 ANGLE= -23.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.22 TMAX= TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 10726.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.01 4 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.LENGTH UNITS= KNS MMS STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.217974E+00 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 24.22 SMIN= SMIN= MX SX 2111.39 0.3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.22 1.01 -1.00 0.60 4553.22 -0.com * ************************************************************ 169 .co.21 1.com * * Europe support@bentley.21 1.60 0. 4 4 CASE NO.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.co.02 1.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.210789E+00 4 1 1.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.02 1.3 ANGLE= -23.

84 kN-mm/mm 10726.6018 kN/mm 2 .0 + 2111.0 + 4553.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.0 + 10726 .84 S 10416 . SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S 0.67 = 0.0 kN/mm 2 0.0 kN/mm 2 0.67mm 2 (Section Modulus) σx = SX + MX = 0.4372 kN/mm 2 TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy 2 (0.4372 2 4 = 0.0 kN/mm 2 2111.2027 −1.0297 kN/mm 2 τxy = SXY + MXY = 0.Part I .97 kN-mm/mm = 1/6t 2 = 1/6*250 2 = 10416.22 S 10416 .2027 kN/mm 2 σy = SY + MY = 0.0297) TMAX = + 0.97 S 10416 .67 = 0.22 kN-mm/mm 4553.67 = 1.

4372 ⎫ 1 = tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩ 0.0297) − 0.2027 − 1.01 kN/ mm2 171 .6018 2 = 0.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (0.6018 2 = 1.0297) + 0.22 kN/mm2 − TMAX (0.3 o 0.0144 kN/mm 2 Angle = say 1 ⎪⎧ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎪⎩ σ x − σ y ⎪⎭ ⎧ 2 * 0.0297 ⎭ = -23.218 kN/mm 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 say 1.2027 + 1.2027 + 1.

Application Examples 172 Example Problem 18 NOTES .Part I .

STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports. 173 .Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. 19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. and we examine those in this example. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system.

UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. Y and Z coordinates. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined.Part I . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. 3 3 4. UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. If ZD is not provided. Semicolon signs (. 5 5 0 5. Joint number followed by X. . STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 4 5 2. such as. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The values are provided in MMS unit. All properties required for the analysis. Moments of Inertia. 3 20 5 20. YD and ZD stand for depth and width. 6 25 0 25. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section.) are used as line separators. 2 2 3. Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. Area. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 4 30 5 30. 2 10 5 10. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 5 6 3.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. etc.

The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . local Y and local Z axes. 6. (20m.5. the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED. Coincidentally. At node 5. For the remaining one . this happens to be node 2. the support at node 1 is a global direction support. This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model. 175 . For 3 of those. 5m. 1 and 4. 5.5.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. 5m and 20m). 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point. namely. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system.node 1 . Hence. signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. 6 and 4. notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10.that keyword is missing. namely. 10m). Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. we first have to define a datum point. At node 6.10). The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3. In order to define the axis system.

That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3.5. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. Thus. no moment will be resisted by these supports.free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. .Application Examples 176 Example Problem 19 At node 4. The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5. Since MX.0. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis. By defining a KFX spring at that one. In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1. Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y).1). Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member. Once the datum point is established. and is hence along the axis of member 4. Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point. It takes the coordinates of node 4. The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X.5m.30m) and adds to them. the program sets the datum point to be the following. or the traffic direction. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. the datum point becomes (31m.Part I . Notice the unique nature of these datum points. which are (30m. 5m and 31m). the local axis system is defined as follows. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products.

Example Problem 19

LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are
specified. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the
program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus
total reactions from the supports for each primary load case.
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

By default, support reactions are printed in the global axis
directions. The above command is an instruction for such a report.
SET INCLINED REACTION
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

Just earlier, we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global
axis system. What if we need them in the inclined axis system?
The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose. It
tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined
axis system instead of the global axis system. This has to be
followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command.
PRINT MEMBER FORCES
PRINT JOINT DISP
FINISH

Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the
members. Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the
global axis system. Following this, the STAAD run is terminated.

177

Part I - Application Examples

178

Example Problem 19
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro
*
*
Version 2007
Build 02
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Research Engineers, Intl.
*
*
Date=
*
*
Time=
*
*
*
*
USER ID:
*
****************************************************
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
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17.
18.
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20.
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24.
25.
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29.

STAAD SPACE
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 5 0; 2 10 5 10; 3 20 5 20; 4 30 5 30; 5 5 0 5; 6 25 0 25
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 5 2; 5 6 3
UNIT MMS KN
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
4 5 PRIS YD 800
1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500
CONSTANTS
E CONCRETE ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
DENSITY CONCRETE ALL
UNIT METER KN
SUPPORTS
5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
1 PINNED
4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ
LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

4

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
DEAD LOAD
***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

-10439.93

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

1 )

1 )

10439.93

27
1

Example Problem 19
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -7.99237E-01
5
Y = -2.49498E+00
3
Z = -7.99237E-01
5
RX= -2.66161E-03
4
RY= 6.12828E-16
4
RZ= 2.66161E-03
4

1)

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
LIVE LOAD

***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

2 )

-3818.38

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -2.97411E-01
5
Y = -9.31566E-01
3
Z = -2.97411E-01
5
RX= -1.18888E-03
4
RY= 2.28152E-16
4
RZ= 1.18888E-03
4

2

2 )

3818.38
2)

************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************
30. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT
5

6

1

4

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

288.60
94.77
383.37
286.84
94.06
380.91
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

31. SET INCLINED REACTION
32. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

179

Part I - Application Examples

180

Example Problem 19
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

415.30
154.54
569.83
410.64
152.67
563.31
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

59.81
6.79
66.60
60.94
7.25
68.19
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

5

6

1

4

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

33. PRINT MEMBER FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KN
MEMBER
1

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1
2
1
2
1
2

-4.46
4.46
-1.79
1.79
-6.25
6.25

60.21
89.73
32.84
52.01
93.05
141.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
-208.74
0.00
-135.58
0.00
-344.32

2
3
2
3
2
3

300.10
-300.10
120.47
-120.47
420.57
-420.57

75.79
74.15
42.75
42.10
118.55
116.25

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

125.95
-114.37
76.77
-72.12
202.71
-186.49

3
4
3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

89.61
60.33
51.96
32.89
141.58
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

207.02
0.00
134.89
0.00
341.90
0.00

5
2
5
2
5
2

415.30
-344.24
154.54
-154.54
569.83
-498.77

59.81
40.69
6.79
-6.79
66.60
33.90

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
82.79
0.00
58.81
0.00
141.61

6
3
6
3
6
3

410.64
-339.58
152.67
-152.67
563.31
-492.25

60.94
39.55
7.25
-7.25
68.19
32.30

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
92.64
0.00
62.77
0.00
155.41

1
2
3

1
2
3

4

1
2
3

5

(LOCAL )

1

3

3

METE

LOAD

2

2

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

1
2
3

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

Example Problem 19
34. PRINT JOINT DISP
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1

2

3

4

5

6

LOAD

X-TRANS

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-2.4510
-0.9139
-3.3649
-2.4950
-0.9316
-3.4265
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
-0.7903
-0.2938
-1.0841

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

X-ROTAN

Y-ROTAN

0.0026
0.0012
0.0038
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
-0.0027
-0.0012
-0.0039
0.0023
0.0007
0.0031
-0.0024
-0.0008
-0.0032

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
-0.0026
-0.0012
-0.0038
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
0.0027
0.0012
0.0039
-0.0023
-0.0007
-0.0031
0.0024
0.0008
0.0032

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

35. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
* USA:
+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
*
* CANADA
+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
* UK
+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
+33(0)1 64551084
support@reel.co.uk
*
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+49/931/40468-71
info@reig.de
*
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+47 67 57 21 30
staad@edr.no
*
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support@bentley.com
*
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+91(033)4006-2021
support@bentley.com
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eng-eye@crc.co.jp
*
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support@bentley.com
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************************************************************

181

Part I - Application Examples

182

Example Problem 19

NOTES

Example Problem 20

Example Problem No. 20
This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure
using the cylindrical coordinate system. The tank lies on its side in
this example.

3

2
11 2
3
4

10
10 19
11
12

18

1

1

20

9

4
9
12

5

17
8

13

6

16

8

21

5

16

13
7
7
14

6

24
15
15
22
14
23

183

The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis.5 0 0 8 3. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation of the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system.0 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice. STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system.theta.Part I .0 metres for each REPEAT. theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft.5 metres. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 3.5 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 3. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 .Application Examples 184 Example Problem 20 In this example. 1 3. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 3. JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r. the output is in the cartesian coordinate system.5 metres.z). Hence. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. REPEAT 2 0 0 3. PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system. theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft.

namely elements 1 to 8. PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory.Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1. FINISH 185 . The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines. must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7.

5 0 0 8 3.475 3.000 3. 4.000 3.500 2.500 2.475 0.000 2.000 6. 6.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.475 -3.475 3.500 2.000 6.500 2.000 2.000 6.000 3. 11.000 0.500 2.475 0.000 3.475 -3. 2. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 PRINT ELEMENT INFO .475 0. 3.500 -2.500 2.475 -3.500 -2.000 2.475 0.000 0. Intl.500 -2.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.475 0.475 0.000 3.475 -3.000 2.475 3.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.000 0.475 0.000 3.0 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE METE UNIT JOINT X Y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.000 0.000 3.Part I . STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 3. 10.000 0.475 0.475 0.475 0.000 -2.000 2.000 6. 8.475 -3.500 -2.5 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 3.000 6.475 -3.000 -2.000 0.475 0.475 0.000 6.475 3. 5.000 6.000 -2. 9.000 2.000 -2.475 Z 0.000 6.475 3.500 -2.000 -2.500 -2.000 3.000 -2.000 0.

0364 8.0364 8.00 0.00 0.co.0364 8.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 E 0.000 0.Example Problem 20 ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.0364 8.Pro.00 0.000 0.0364 8.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.com * ************************************************************ G 0.00 0.000 0.0364 8.000 0.0364 8.000 0.00 0.0364 8.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.000 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.000 0.0364 8.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.00 0.0364 187 .00 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 THICK (METE) POISS 0.000 0.0364 8.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.000 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.0364 8.00 0.00 0.000 0.0364 8.00 0.000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.000 0.0364 8.co.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.co.000 0.00 0.00 0.0364 8.00 0.00 AREA 8.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.0364 8.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 188 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

Example Problem 21 Example Problem No. 189 . 21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command.

25 7. . it is necessary to have 2 commands. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.0 .Part I .25 3.0 . the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 .5 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. 2 0 3. 9 3 5 . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. Also. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 7 2 6 . 3 0 7. This is because. This structure is a PLANE frame. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. 8 2 4 .Application Examples 190 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only.25 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. 6 5. 10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. 5 5. Consequently. To accommodate these requirements. UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are defined above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. 4 5. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent.5 .

material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). and Poisson’s ratio are specified. if during the analysis.Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members. In this case. LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3. 191 . the built-in default value of steel is assigned. CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED The supports are defined above. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 All members have been assigned a UC section from the British table. Hence for each load case.

LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. these members cannot be accessed for any further operations.Application Examples 192 Example Problem 21 CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 Load case 2 is described above. the above instruction is the same as the following: . We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously.Part I .0 2 1. Without re-activation. any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. Next. In other words.

The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing. At the end of any analysis. are recognized as the "active" load cases. CHANGE LOAD LIST 1 2 3 The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing. 193 . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated.Example Problem 21 LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.

1 2 iterations. 5 5. 21. 8. 6. 12. CHANGE 24. 11. 9. 4 5. CHANGE 37. 22.25 3. 8 2 4 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2. LOAD LIST 1 2 3 38. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 2 iterations. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 31. 17.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 .Application Examples 194 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 14 2 . 14. 19. 4 FX -45 29. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 23.25 7. 10. 3. 13. 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 6 5. Case= 2 2 iterations. 4. 16. Intl. 1. CHANGE 32.0 . 18. 3 0 7. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. LOAD 3 33. 20.5 . MEMBER TENSION 25.5 . 5. REPEAT LOAD 34.0 35. JOINT LOAD 28.0 . PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 36. 7. 6 TO 9 26. 1 1. 15. 7 2 6 . 2 0 3.Part I . 9 3 5 .0 2 1. LOAD 2 27. 5 FX -70 30.

0004 0.14 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 195 .0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.67 -106.0000 0.00 0.0004 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.2412 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.0002 0.76 0.16 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.92 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.21 0.0002 0.0151 0.00 0.2412 -0.04 0.0000 0.05 -0.82 -29.0000 0.23 30.00 0.00 0.89 0.23 106.00 0.20 0.00 0.79 44.67 -106.00 0.04 3 4 3 4 3 4 44.0000 0.0000 0.0135 0.00 106.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.3423 0.00 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.00 0.00 0.0005 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.05 -0.00 0.25 29.0000 0.05 0.0608 0.0004 0.0000 0.00 0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -114.00 0.0000 -0.04 4 5 4 5 4 5 29.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.76 -0.00 0.0004 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.05 -0.0000 0.67 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.92 0.14 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.82 -0.0000 0.00 0.77 -0.0000 -0.00 0.76 0.44 -0.08 -0.25 -0.00 0.00 0.08 114.55 -0.79 -44.0000 0.00 0.25 0.0004 0.04 -0.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0475 0.05 -0.0000 0.0008 0.21 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0136 0.25 0.00 0.08 0.25 0.67 106.1648 0.0000 0.00 0.82 0.26 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.44 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.1648 -0.82 -29.00 0.00 0.05 -106.55 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0151 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0008 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.55 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -30.00 0.0000 0.0136 -0.00 0.00 0.76 0.3423 -0.0000 0.21 0.00 0.0000 0.25 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.Example Problem 21 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0234 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0004 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.0234 0.0000 0.77 -0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 -0.29 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.21 -0.0000 0.55 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.3722 -0.0000 0.0608 0.00 0.0000 -0.25 0.0475 0.00 -0.67 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.3722 -0.0000 0.67 0.79 -44.00 0.0000 0.79 45.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 -0.05 -45.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.0135 -0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.67 -30.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 -137.00 0.90 -0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * ************************************************************ .00 0.00 0.23 30.00 0.00 0.67 -106.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 106.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.81 137.00 0.41 0.09 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 1.00 -0.41 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.41 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -137.00 -53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 114.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.02 0.00 0.00 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.31 114.00 0.00 0.90 -69.08 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 196 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.09 -0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.30 0.00 0.31 -114.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 69.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -114.05 0.81 137.00 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.30 53.06 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.02 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 39.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.26 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.29 0.00 0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 197 .

Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. Time History analysis is performed on this model.Example Problem 22 Example Problem No. 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading. 199 .

UNIT KNS METER The units for the data that follows are specified above. 7 5 7 0 . 16 13 12 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to. 12 12 5 13 6 13 . Y and Z axes.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .5 9 5 7 5 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000. 14 13 10 . 10 2. Semicolon characters (. 6 2.3505.Application Examples 200 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 7 0 . UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 Members 1 to 16 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values provided using the YD and ZD options.5 7 2. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project. 11 11 12 .5 7 5 . . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 8 8 9 . The UNIT command is specified to change the units for length from METER to MMS. 2 2 7 .5 . 3 3 9 .5 The joint number followed by the X. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. 4 4 11 .Part I . 13 2. 9 9 10 . 8 5 7 2. 5 5 6 .2500.4005 5 0 7 0 . 15 8 13 . 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 10 10 11 .

a sinusoidal function. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. which describes the variation of force with time.0 DAMPING 0. Built-in default values for concrete are used. Here.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. is provided. In this file. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E). which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined. density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function. 201 . an ACCELERATION may be specified. only one data set is defined. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. The first stage is defined above.

0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure.0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15.0 8 12 FY 15.Application Examples 202 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function. A uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis. UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10. STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (see section 5. AMPLITUDE.Part I .0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.0 8 12 FZ 15. such as FREQUENCY.075.31. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined. The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information).0 The above data describe a static load case. .

Example Problem 22 Following that. The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number. the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command. 203 . PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory. The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run.

66667E+00 28. 16.0 8 12 FZ 15. 24. 16 13 12 UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 FOR SEQUENTIAL HARMONIC FORCING CURVE NUMBER= 1 NUMBER OF POINTS IN DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION= 1201 NUMBER OF POINTS PER QUARTER CYCLE OF HARMONIC FUNCTION= 3 FORCE STEP DELTA TIME PER POINT 1. 11 11 12 . 26. 42.0 8 12 FY 15.5 7 0 . 11. 40. 14. 9 9 10 . 2 5 0 0 . 8 8 9 . 19. 30. 10. 9. 33.38889E-03 ENDING TIME FOR THIS DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION 1. 25. 3. 38.5 . 34. 8 5 7 2. 31. 3 5 0 5 . 5. 2 2 7 . 43. 41. 22. 12.0 DAMPING 0. 8. 12 12 5 13 6 13 .0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15. 5 5 6 .0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS . 13. 6 2.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 29. 7 5 7 0 . 23.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 46.5 7 2. * ARRIVAL TIMES 0. 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. 45.5 7 5 . 39. 15 8 13 . 32. 15. 7. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.075 UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10.Part I . 14 13 10 . 35. 6. STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KNS METER JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 44. Intl. 2. 21. 10 2.0 LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1. 4 0 0 5 5 0 7 0 . 27. 17. 36. 4 4 11 . 18.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 37.5 9 5 7 5 . 3 3 9 .Application Examples 204 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 4. 10 10 11 .5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 20. 13 2.

00 0.303 23.998 99.00 0.Example Problem 22 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 13/ 16/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.05181 0.0750 0.53639 0.998 99.998 99.00 0.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.0750 0.000 99.0750 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.097819E-08 0.0750 0.999 0.000 0.0750 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.996 99.000 43. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 66 6 27 6 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.00 0.996 99.00 0.996 99.05459 0.00 0.998 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.318 19.863 1.0750 0.00 0.996 99.214 18.KNS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -1.456 0.864 2.00 0.00 0.669199E+00 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.000 0.00 0.841255E-06 0.113889 Z= -4.118056 205 .998 99.53664 0.509 0.04254 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 A C T U A L X Y Z 100.456 43.46 0.996 99.00 0.00 0.00100.127778 47.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 0.45158 0.00 43.00 0.000 0.

15 0.0000 0.0005 -0.02 -2.0000 0.00 0.0001 0.0001 0.02 2.0472 0.0002 0.15 2.04 0.04 0.0000 0.00 0.0001 -0.0000 0.00 0.15 -1.0001 0.00 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0472 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.15 -2.0000 0.00 0.0408 0.0472 0.00 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0001 0.12 0.15 -0.0000 -0.15 2.42 -2.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.92 4 11 4 11 50.0001 0.0408 0.0000 0.00 0.15 -2.00 0.0000 0.0410 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.0001 -0.00 -15.00 0.00 -50.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.15 -2.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.0001 -0.15 1.00 -50.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 -15.0000 0.12 0.00 0.00 1.02 0.00 2.15 2.0000 0.0000 0.15 2.0000 0.15 -2.0001 -0.15 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.04 0.0000 -0.0410 0.0002 0.00 0.0000 0.00 1.00 0.04 0.42 -0.15 -1.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 2.0000 0.0410 -0.00 0.0000 0.15 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.15 -0.00 0.92 2 7 2 7 50.0000 -0.0000 0.0583 0.0000 0.00 2.0000 0.15 0.0000 -0.00 1.0000 0.15 50.02 0.00 0.00 -1.0000 0.0001 -0.0408 -0.0000 0.15 0.0000 0.15 1.15 -0.0000 0.02 0.15 50.0045 0.0000 0.0001 0.15 2.42 2.00 0.0000 0.0408 0.04 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.42 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0002 0.00 0.0000 0.42 -0.0001 0.0000 0.00 0.0002 0.02 0.00 -15.00 0.00 0.15 -0.0000 0.12 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2.0408 0.0000 0.00 15.0000 0.92 3 9 3 9 50.0000 0.0000 0.00 -1.0001 0.02 -0.00 15.00 1.0001 -0.00 -1.15 0.15 -2.0045 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.42 2.00 -50.15 -0.0000 -0.0005 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.00 0.42 -2.0000 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 0.0045 0.0472 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.02 0.02 -0.0001 0.15 2.0000 0.15 -0.0045 -0.00 0.0000 0.92 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 .0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 15.15 2.0000 0.00 0.04 0.00 -0.15 0.0001 0.15 50.00 -50.0001 0.0002 0.0002 0.02 0.0000 0.15 -0.42 2.00 0.0000 METE X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN -0.00 0.0001 -0.0001 0.15 0.0001 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.Part I .42 -0.00 0.0408 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 -15.42 -2.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.42 50.0001 -0.02 -2.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.15 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.12 0.Application Examples 206 Example Problem 22 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00 0.15 0.04 0.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 0.04 0.0000 -0.00 -1.0000 0.42 -2.0000 -0.0001 0.

07 0.08 -14.08 10 11 10 11 2.32 0.32 -0.00 0.64 0.10 0.00 0.10 0.12 16.17 0.09 -0.10 0.17 -0.32 -1.06 -0.14 -0.21 12 5 12 5 2.07 -0.00 0.08 0.36 -0.07 -0.36 0.38 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.09 -0.06 -0.00 0.08 -2.04 -0.04 0.76 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 13 1 2 14 1 2 15 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 207 .00 0.12 0.03 -0.36 14.09 -2.17 0.12 0.07 -0.00 0.00 0.02 -0.06 0.32 -0.13 -2.08 -0.06 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.08 -1.05 0.12 -0.00 0.06 0.32 0.08 2.06 0.09 -2.54 11 12 11 12 2.06 -1.06 -0.00 0.02 -0.05 -1.10 -0.00 0.07 0.36 14.21 -0.00 0.36 -0.76 -0.12 -0.32 1.06 16.05 -1.09 -2.06 0.00 25.04 0.14 -0.03 0.14 6 13 6 13 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 2.00 0.36 14.00 0.17 0.38 -0.00 0.00 0.06 -0.38 -0.64 -0.00 0.06 -0.00 0.24 -0.32 -0.05 1.14 -0.09 -0.54 7 8 7 8 2.07 0.00 0.06 -0.00 0.07 -0.64 0.00 0.12 -0.05 -0.04 25.08 -1.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.89 0.07 -0.08 -0.00 0.07 -0.00 -0.06 -1.54 -0.02 0.00 0.02 0.08 6 7 6 7 2.38 0.00 -2.32 0.54 0.00 25.10 0.03 0.14 9 10 9 10 2.00 0.00 0.07 0.07 0.12 -2.10 0.02 0.21 0.00 -0.00 0.08 -14.00 0.89 2.00 0.08 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.64 2.89 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -2.00 25.10 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.09 -2.00 -0.06 -0.24 0.09 0.14 0.00 0.14 -0.00 0.00 0.17 13 12 13 12 0.89 -16.12 -0.03 0.00 0.08 -0.38 0.00 -0.08 1.32 -0.00 0.00 0.24 -0.10 25.02 -0.05 1.07 0.00 0.17 0.00 0.02 -0.89 -2.00 1.08 -0.09 0.24 0.09 -0.07 -0.12 16.06 0.38 -0.06 0.64 2.06 1.06 0.00 -2.09 0.00 25.10 25.06 0.89 -16.06 -0.32 1.00 0.05 -0.00 0.06 -0.00 0.64 2.64 0.06 -0.08 -14.32 -1.08 0.06 0.32 1.36 0.00 13 10 13 10 0.06 1.14 0.00 0.89 -16.06 -0.10 -0.12 -0.32 0.14 -0.00 0.12 -0.00 -0.36 14.02 0.32 -1.00 1.10 0.09 -2.07 -0.00 0.00 0.38 0.14 0.10 -0.89 -16.00 0.04 0.13 0.38 0.08 -14.14 0.07 0.32 -1.04 25.12 -0.21 8 9 8 9 2.09 -2.00 -1.06 0.64 2.09 -2.00 8 13 8 13 0.08 0.32 1.08 1.06 16.00 0.00 0.05 0.04 -0.00 0.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@bentley.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Part I .Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 48.Pro.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.co. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.

209 .Example Problem 23 Example Problem No. 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. The slab is subjected to pressure loading and analysis of the structure is performed.

0 6. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 2.0 REPEAT 5 2 0.17 7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 3 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.0 0. the joint number followed by the X.67 0.0 0.0 12. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above.17 6 0. Y and Z axes. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.67 0.0 0.0 9.0 0.39 4 0.83 metres.0 0.0 13. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure. 3 times.0 0.78 5 0.Part I . ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element.0 REPEAT 3 2. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.33 2 0.0 For joints 1 through 7.83 0.83 0.0 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 2. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .0 2.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 4.

0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 14 cms following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command. The built-in default value for concrete is used. The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 1570 KN/cu. 211 . PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support conditions which were generated using the earlier commands. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint. SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS.m. The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction. UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14.

2 The above data describe a static load case. 8 9 FY -485. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368. 113 114 FY -485. 92 93 FY -912. 22 23 FY -1824. A load combination case. 48 55 76 83 FY -2350. 125 FY -2431. 124 FY -1216. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1. 5 FY -1373. 2 1. 103 FY -2166. 6 FY -2746. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965. acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements. is specified above. . 104 FY -4333. 26 FY -2414.2 kN/sq. A pressure load of 74. 47 54 82 FY -1175. 99 100 FY -1824. Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction. It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1.m.0 and then algebraically add the results. 29 30 FY -912. 27 FY -4828. 120 121 FY -965.Part I .Application Examples 212 Example Problem 23 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY –74. identified with load case number 101.

Example Problem 23 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command. 213 . UNIT CM LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. is obtained with the help of the above commands. and element stresses for elements 34 and 67. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. for load case 101.

0 REPEAT 3 2.0 4.0 0.0 0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 0. 18.0 0.0 0. 13.0 0. 5.0 10 1 11 1 0.0 1 0.9 0 11596.0 0.0 1 0 0. 15.4 0 2954.17 6 0. 6.83 0.0 7 1 8 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 12.0 2 1 0.Part I . 20.17 7 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0. 3. 24.0 6.0 0.0 0.67 0. 4.0 0 1 0.0 0. 8.0 1 1 0. 10.0 0.0 1 1 1 0.0 13.0 0. 14.0 .0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0. 26.0 0 0. 19.7 0 8752.0 2.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0. 12.0 0.78 5 0.0 0.5 0 5798. 28. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. Intl.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0 5120.0 REPEAT ALL 3 2.0 1 0 0.9 0 2410.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 9 1 0.0 0 1 0.5 0 10241. 16.0 1 0.0 0 0.83 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.39 4 0. 21.0 9.0 0 0.0 UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570.0 1 0. 23.33 2 0.0 3 0.2 0 5798.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 REPEAT 5 2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.5 0 11596.0 0.0 12 1 13 1 0.67 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.3 0 9263.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KNS METE DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX 1 0.0 0 0.7 0 4631.3 0 4376. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 5 1 6 1 0. 2.0 0 0. 11.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 1477. 27. PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0.0 0 0. 7. 9.0 0.0 0. 22.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 3 1 4 1 0. 17. 25.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.

0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 9568.0 17 1 0.0 0 4684.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 0.0 215 .0 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.1 0 4548.0 1 0 0.9 0 7221.0 1 0 0.9 0 9662.0 0.0 1 0.9 0 4820.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.1 0 8505.0 0.9 0 10940.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.8 0 2871.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.7 0 11268.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 29 1 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0 9263.0 0 0.0 1 0.6 0 8258.0 20 1 21 1 0.1 0 8450.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0 9002.0 22 1 0.1 0 9568.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0 2787.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820.7 0 8752.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.5 0 11596.0 0.0 0 0.3 0 8740.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 10940.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.5 0 2787.0 34 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.6 0 8258.0 0 1 0.9 0 10940.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.9 0 9662.0 1 0.2 0 2437.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.0 0.0 0 7643.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 11596.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 8740.0 0.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 0 0.5 0 10241.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 48 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.5 0 11268.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 41 1 0.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.8 0 2954.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.7 0 9951.0 0 10940.0 1 0.1 0 4548.0 0.0 1 0.

0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 60 1 61 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 2437.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 3406.9 0 3406.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 67 1 68 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 .0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.9 0 2088.8 0 8195.0 64 1 0.Part I .0 0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 6546.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.4 0 8195.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 70 1 71 1 0.1 0 6185.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.Application Examples 216 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 49 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 6546.0 0.8 0 8195.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.9 0 9568.0 0.0 57 1 0.1 0 6185.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 74 1 75 1 0.0 53 1 54 1 0.0 0.0 83 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0 8195.0 1 0 0.4 0 7237.0 0.0 0 0.6 0 2088.8 0 8195.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 6546.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.8 0 8195.0 58 1 59 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.4 0 7237.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.1 0 8450.4 0 8195.1 0 6185.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 3406.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 76 1 0.0 55 1 56 1 0.0 0.0 50 1 51 1 0.1 0 9568.0 0 1 0.0 0 7643.0 0.1 0 6185.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.4 0 8195.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.4 0 7237.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 7221.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 62 1 63 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 3406.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 77 1 78 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.9 0 2088.0 1 0 0.0 81 1 82 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 52 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 65 1 66 1 0.0 69 1 0.0 0.4 0 7237.0 0.0 0 0.7 0 6546.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 2088.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 79 1 80 1 0.0 0 0.0 72 1 73 1 0.0 0.

0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.3 0 8740.0 0 1 0.9 0 11596.0 1 0.6 0 8258.0 1 0 0.7 0 8752.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.7 0 9951.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.6 0 2787.2 0 2787.0 0.5 0 10241.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 84 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 4684.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0 8740.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.9 0 9662.0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.6 0 8258.0 0 0.0 104 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0 4548.0 1 0 0.7 0 11268.0 1 0 0.0 0.2 0 2871.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.7 0 8752.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0 11596.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.9 0 10940.0 217 .0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 88 1 89 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 0 0.5 0 10241.0 0 0.0 0 10940.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 112 1 113 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 10940.0 87 1 0.0 0 1 0.1 0 8505.9 0 9662.0 0.0 0 0.1 0 4548.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 10940.0 0.0 0.8 0 9002.5 0 11268.0 1 0 0.0 85 1 86 1 0.0 118 1 0.0 0.9 0 11596.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.3 0 9263.0 0.8 0 2954.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 92 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 109 1 110 1 0.0 105 1 106 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 93 1 94 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0 2954.0 0.0 111 1 0.3 0 9263.0 0.0 100 1 101 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.5 0 11596.0 1 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.9 0 4820.0 0.0 0 0.0 99 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.

0 0 0. 103 FY -2166. 26 FY -2414.0 1 0 0. 48. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1.0 1 0.7 0 4631.0 0 0.0 1 0. 51.0 1 0 0. 47 54 82 FY -1175.0 125 1 126 1 0.0 1 0. 30.5 0 5798. 55. 35.0 1 0. LOAD LIST 101 58.0 1 0. 22 23 FY -1824.0 0 0. 45.0 0 0. 125 FY -2431. 52.3 0 4376. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 56.0 0 1 0. 29 30 FY -912. 43. 5 FY -1373.0 0.0 0 0.Part I .0 122 1 0.2 0 5798.0 0.0 123 1 124 1 0.2 0 5120. 40. 54.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.0 1 1 0.0 0.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 119 1 0. UNIT CM 57.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0. 38. 49.0 0. 41.0 120 1 121 1 0. 37. 47.4 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820. 44. 99 100 FY -1824. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 378 . 46.0 0. 27 FY -4828. 42. 36. 48 55 76 83 FY -2350. 104 FY -4333. 92 93 FY -912.0 0.0 1 0.0 0. 50.0 0 0. 8 9 FY -485. 113 114 FY -485. 120 121 FY -965.0 0. 33.0 1 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 34. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -74.9 0 2410.8 0 1477. 31. 6 FY -2746. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368.0 0 0.0 0.0 0. 53. 2 1.0 0. 39. 124 FY -1216.2 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965.0 0.0 1 0 0. 32.

0000 Z-ROTAN 0.2 41.72 88.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.54 SMIN= SMIN= 0.03 2.00 -1.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 2.co.443144E+00 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 60. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SMAX= SMAX= 101 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.97 5. 67 67 CASE NO.97 5.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.72 2.5860 -12.co.27 ANGLE= -39. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.0282 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 59.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.03 4.13 -4.00 TMAX= TMAX= 63.LENGTH UNITS= KNS CM STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.0543 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.0256 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.44 4.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.64 0. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.96 -1.Example Problem 23 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 33 56 X-TRANS 101 101 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0000 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -10.00 18.2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 4.312085E+00 PLATE NO.27 1.44 SMIN= SMIN= -0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.43 0.com * ************************************************************ 219 .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.974997E+00 67 101 5.02 2.312085E+00 -4.28 4.96 -0.13 0.58 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * * * North America support@bentley.58 MX SX MY SY MXY SXY 2.0000 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.54 1.22 2.721572E+00 67 101 4.6 ANGLE= -39.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co. 101 101 2.01 0.2476 X-ROTAN 0.00 40.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0647 0.22 2.6 40.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.31 TMAX= TMAX= 1.0000 0.28 0.13 0.31 1.Pro.71 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.

Part I .Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 NOTES .

24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements.Example Problem 24 Example Problem No. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. 221 .

0 3.0 2.0 9 2.0 1.0 4 0.0 3.0 2.0 24 0.0 0. For example.0 0. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above.0 3.Part I .0 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 12 2.0 0.0 3.0 21 0.0 32 2. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 1. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes.0 28 1. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 0.0 0. Then.0 44 0.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 52 2.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 41 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. increments of 1 to the .0 2.0 1.0 1.0 0. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 1.0 0.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 25 1. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 5 1.0 3. The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 8 1.0 1.0 3.0 The joint number followed by the X.0 49 2.0 0.0 0.0 45 1.0 2.0 48 1.0 29 2. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.

SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3.1E7 ALL POIS 0. Poisson's Ratio. 11 and 12 are generated. incidences of elements 4. the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5. LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.0 The above data describe a static load case. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. CONSTANTS E 2. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. Similarly. 6. and Density are specified. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3).0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. both in the negative global Y direction. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). in a tabular form.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above.0 223 . 9. 8. PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain. It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load.25 ALL DENSITY 7.

The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero.0 .32.0 4 1. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0.0 3 1. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table.0 2 1. UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq.ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3.Part I . 6.3. 9 and 12.2 of the STAAD.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction.0 In Load case 4.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual.

0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. 225 . the program merely calculates the end results (displacements. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases. not load combination cases. In other words. and then algebraically summing them up. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case. factoring them. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report. consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX . forces.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. In a REPEAT LOAD case. But in solving load combination cases.0 2 1. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2.0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS. changes in support conditions etc.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5. there is a fundamental difference.

. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6. UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command.Part I . FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. The results will be printed for all the load cases.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements.

0 3. 34. 23.0 3. 25. 18. 31. 29.0 0. 9.0000E+00 0.1000002E+07 2. 35.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO CONSTANTS E 2.0 1. 10.0011 DENSITY ALPHA 7. 12. 20.0 45 1.0 0.0 12 2.0 3. 13.0 3.0000E+00 0. 36.0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 3.25 ALL DENSITY 7.0 25 1.0 49 2.0 5 1. 4.0 2.0 0. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE .5000E+00 7. 19.0 9 2.0 8 1. 33.5000E+00 0. 15.0 21 0. Intl. YOUNG'S MODULUS 2. 6.0000E+00 227 .Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 52 2.0 0.0000000E+00 0.KNS MET ELEMENT 1 2 3 4 5 24.0000E+00 0.1000002E+07 2.0 2.0 28 1. STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.1000002E+07 2.0 0.0 24 0.0 0. 26.0 41 0.0 1.0 3. 17.5000E+00 7.0 0. 22.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 NODE-5 2 3 4 22 23 3 6 1 1 9 1 1 12 1 1 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES. 5.1000002E+07 2.0 0. 21. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 32.0 LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.5000E+00 7.0000000E+00 0.0 2. 8. 27.0 1. 11.0 44 0.0 0.0 1. 14.0 3.0 32 2.0 48 1.0 2. 30.1000002E+07 MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 0. 28.0 3.0000000E+00 SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.1E7 ALL POIS 0. 3.0 0.0 4 0.0000000E+00 0. 7. 2.0000000E+00 0.5000E+00 7.0 29 2.0 0.0000E+00 0.0 0.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000.0 2.0 0.0 LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0. 16.0 0.0 3.

***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.00 = -1090. 45.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00000E+00 RY= 0. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500. 40.98 MY= 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999. STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0 2 1.0 3 1.00 0.00 MY= 899999.98 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 RZ= 0. 42.97 MZ= 1 2 ) -1799999.12983E-03 Y = -1. 24 Note .Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model. 39.NO.01204E-02 Z = 1.93 2 .0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.98 MY= 0.12983E-03 RX= 0.0 UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.NO.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999.NO.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes. 47.0 4 1.00 0.Part I .00 = 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5.Application Examples 228 Example Problem 24 37. 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN. 43. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.0 2 1. 44.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090. 38. 41. 46.

00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 MY= 0.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.00 0.52 MY= 0.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00000E+00 0 2) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 0.35288E-04 Z = -3.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.52 4) 4 229 .00 MZ= 0.61372E-02 24 RX= 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 0.00 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00 -95.00000E+00 RZ= 0.93 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2.00 0.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.00 95.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.17652E-05 RX= 0.52 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.49033E-04 10 RX= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00000E+00 RY= 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.76 0.00 MY= -899999.17652E-05 Y = -3.Example Problem 24 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.00000E+00 4 ) -95760.00 MY= 0.83934E-03 4 Z = 9. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.76 0.52 MY= 0.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.97 MZ= 2 ) 1799999.00 MZ= CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 3 3 ) 4 ) 95760.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.

0008 0.0000 0.00 0.0200 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.0000 0.32 -1641.0089 0.0000 0.98 -263.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.Part I .0193 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.30 135.00 0.50 MY= 899999.13 146.00000E+00 0 5 ) 2985760.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -62.52 -256.0000 0.90 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.97 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.0000 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -0.0000 0.0000 0.1100 0.68 -16.00 0.0000 0.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.00 0.0010 0.0062 -0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.43 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 48.0000 0.00 0.0000 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.0000 0.00 0.32 -62.0000 0.00 -1703.00 0.63 -181.0009 0.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.32 74.00 0.05 42.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.63 26. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.24 -202.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.79 -2.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.05 -228.0200 0.0001 -0.05 -72.00 0.42 743.0000 0.0000 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.0000 0.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.87 -158.00 0.67 -31.0081 -0.00 0.00 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 8 9 LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 X-TRANS 0.00 0.13 -31.50 MY= -899999.18 -119.00 0.97 902.0000 0.00 0.1100 0.00 0.00 = -1185.0000 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185.0009 0.0000 0.37 -232.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.94 -56.00 0.20 6.19 0.00 0.76 = 0.0000 0.48 11.00 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.0000 0.25 11.0000 0.97 MZ= 5 5 ) -2985760.0000 0.67 -30.0000 0.00 0.0000 X-ROTAN 0.0003 -0.0000 0.0393 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.24 -1.00 .0049 -0.85 -0.00 0.00 0. UNIT KNS METER 50.27 1.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.0000 0.0000 0.52 -94.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 0.

00 0.003 -0.00 0.021 0.009 0.00 0.36 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 6.24 261.008 -0.00 0.00 0.08 0.076 -0.61 0.70 0.37 -1.35 3916.00 0.011 -0.24 -855.68 74.00 0.52 0.088 -0.00 0.26 0.051 S3= -0.25 11.18 -159.17 2.70 0.003 0.00 0.05 45.99 6.52 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 300.00 0.00 -1919.12 31.34 51.00 0.003 -0.25 11.00 0.26 0.98 -459.00 0.25 -450.00 0.00 0.18 -202.00 0.008 -0.00 0.03 1313.00 0.00 0.00 0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.046 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.009 -0.00 0.00 0.014 -0.00 0.00 -105.34 807.00 0.40 135.004 -0.00 0.75 -97.03 119.63 -425.00 0.046 S2= -0.30 135.07 0.66 -158.85 0.008 0.26 -128.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.003 0.77 566.00 -187.00 0.00 0.011 -0.83 -1.00 0.311 -0.076 -0.00 0.00 0.009 -0.00 0.00 0.05 -23.24 207.00 0.00 0.004 0.001 0.008 -0.00 0. UNIT NEWTON MMS 52.00 0.24 1.00 0.280 -0.19 0. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.04 0.00 0.214 -0.76 2.098 -0.00 -62.00 0.00 0.13 31.36 -62.13 6.00 0.002 0.32 -16.27 390.00 0.52 1250.84 61.00 0.00 0.85 1.00 0.095 -0.00 0.00 -1097.009 -0.011 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 -77.Example Problem 24 JOINT LOAD 21 25 29 41 45 49 9 FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 31.00 0.00 0.37 -232.00 0.00 0.42 -75.223 0.98 185.00 0.00 0.00 384.61 -16.707 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 1.00 0.707 231 .40 146.280 -0.63 -547.011 0.095 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -138.80 0.00 0.002 -0.00 0.52 -184.00 0.005 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -81.00 0.00 -187.00 0.00 0.89 300.00 0.98 11.92 -334.016 -0.63 514.00 1 2 3 4 5 10 -16.00 0.97 83.00 0.05 -42.25 431.51 524.77 -61.97 -595.00 0.00 0.707 -0.20 11.27 -2.00 16.00 0.00 0.58 251.088 -0.00 0.97 629.00 0.85 -159.00 0.08 0.00 0.12 16.00 0.011 -0.52 181.78 -56.00 0.016 0.05 -45.00 0.95 -1.269 -0.05 -72.03 135.00 0.204 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.005 0.59 74.269 SE= -0.041 0.00 0.00 -1097.32 -43.005 0.00 0.00 0.05 -81.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 -315.52 3818.003 -0.098 -0.24 -89.37 226.301 -0.001 -0.52 -176.00 0.00 0.00 0.280 -0.79 -138.46 -26.85 -170.00 0.52 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -143.00 0.707 0.00 -2057.00 0.67 -273.000 0.00 0.87 21.280 -0.003 -0.37 226.00 0.40 74.00 0.84 -292.00 0.005 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 16.02 -97.00 384.00 0.00 -31.00 0.00 0.

040 -0.000 0.125 0.597 0.065 0.257 0.054 -0.675 0.237 -0.806 -0.332 0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.574 -0.355 0.034 -0.030 0.154 -0.015 0.551 0.324 1.016 0.014 0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.345 0.617 0.008 0.000 0.001 -0.153 0.908 0.160 0.515 0.001 0.016 -0.285 0.056 0.259 0.062 0.023 -0.067 0.092 1.036 0.298 -0.036 0.258 0.026 -0.038 -0.001 -0.000 0.001 -0.760 -0.221 0.046 0.082 0.011 0.704 0.165 0.867 0.008 -0.228 0.472 0.047 0.027 0.008 -0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.243 SE= -0.014 0.045 -0.087 0.321 0.707 0.001 -0.296 0.001 -0.809 -0.242 0.003 -0.093 S3= 0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.000 0.716 0.012 0.006 -0.188 -0.001 -0.019 0.028 -0.313 4 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.001 0.878 0.020 0.064 -0.012 0.724 -0.472 0.003 0.002 -0.189 0.001 -0.005 -0.186 -0.011 0.001 -0.022 -0.138 0.129 0.070 0.050 -0.218 0.001 -0.602 0.027 -0.036 -0.076 0.024 -0.183 0.001 -0.327 0.630 0.001 -0.000 -0.516 -0.004 -0.001 -0.051 0.078 -0.143 0.001 -0.244 0.021 -0.330 0.029 -0.255 0.228 -0.011 0.024 -0.000 0.376 0.161 0.024 -0.741 -0.034 -0.022 -0.010 -0.328 0.022 0.093 0.026 -0.649 0.474 0.234 -0.101 S3= 0.001 0.283 -0.238 0.240 0.487 0.951 0.994 0.129 0.024 -0.360 -0.705 0.103 0.210 0.152 S2= 0.707 0.386 0.000 0.247 0.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.014 0.102 0.009 0.215 0.054 0.525 0.153 0.001 0.008 0.365 0.066 0.366 -0.053 S2= 0.506 0.082 0.024 -0.008 0.001 -0.026 -0.054 S3= 0.822 0.007 0.372 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.703 0.191 0.001 -0.024 SE= -0.029 -0.928 0.132 0.004 S3= -0.618 0.107 -0.512 1.606 0.036 0.165 -0.403 0.106 0.053 1.249 0.123 -0.001 -0.008 -0.511 0.060 -0.452 -0.031 1.518 -0.324 -0.123 0.217 0.016 0.001 0.001 -0.210 -0.000 0.099 1.024 -0.040 0.001 0.035 1.005 -0.008 0.286 -0.998 .225 -0.795 0.001 -0.006 0.586 0.000 0.744 0.022 -0.133 -0.343 0.001 -0.071 0.036 0.435 0.015 0.000 0.235 -0.538 0.088 0.219 0.001 0.055 0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.147 0.099 S2= 0.255 0.011 SE= 0.045 0.014 SE= 0.227 -0.001 -0.021 0.064 0.976 0.102 0.005 -0.334 -0.499 0.Part I .054 -0.082 -0.284 0.751 0.225 -0.201 S2= 0.030 -0.176 0.016 0.498 1.490 0.602 0.060 0.589 0.253 0.000 0.041 S3= 0.011 -0.300 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 0.114 0.089 0.354 0.685 0.128 SE= 0.008 -0.220 0.020 0.162 -0.170 -0.255 0.036 0.024 0.705 1.228 0.090 -0.147 -0.004 S2= -0.661 0.152 -0.565 0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.223 0.251 0.005 -0.008 0.

053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= -0.000 0.585 -0.329 -0.060 0.064 -0.334 -0.032 -0.000 S2= 0.196 0.670 0.484 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.000 0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.024 -0.024 0.320 0.314 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.000 -0.031 0.233 -0.000 0.003 -0.006 -0.013 -0.056 -0.098 -0.397 -0.000 0.428 -1.000 0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.552 -0.053 0.014 -0.000 0.146 -0.181 -0.072 -0.003 0.010 -0.005 0.040 -0.039 -0.051 0.273 -0.316 0.323 -0.049 -0.014 -0.043 -0.000 0.000 0.083 0.047 S2= -0.038 0.042 SE= -0.497 -0.065 0.429 -0.000 0.341 0.081 -0.025 -0.000 0.112 -0.210 S3= -0.000 0.335 0.000 0.021 -0.397 -0.085 -0.010 -0.043 -0.458 0.000 0.000 0.024 -0.076 0.060 0.019 -0.126 0.484 0.134 0.046 0.056 -0.317 -0.000 0.609 -0.023 -0.014 -0.033 0.064 0.112 -0.018 0.160 -0.317 -0.030 0.108 0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.928 -0.057 0.001 -0.012 -0.041 -0.323 -0.136 -0.181 -0.126 -0.202 -0.402 -0.402 0.707 0.149 0.024 -0.000 0.253 0.000 -0.094 0.052 0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.101 0.049 -0.707 -0.076 0.106 -0.006 -0.000 0.004 -0.051 -0.103 -0.140 -0.019 -0.674 0.232 -0.051 0.001 -0.007 0.031 0.033 0.000 0.420 -0.051 -0.489 0.051 S2= -0.236 -0.182 0.024 0.463 -1.082 0.000 0.078 -0.125 -0.077 0.016 0.003 -0.000 0.105 0.000 0.091 -0.294 -0.183 0.002 -0.000 0.112 -0.017 0.027 -0.005 -0.047 0.190 0.163 0.005 -0.263 0.048 0.046 S3= -0.102 0.001 S3= 0.000 S3= 0.273 -0.115 -0.014 -0.874 -0.013 -0.000 0.789 0.000 0.213 SE= -0.670 -0.971 -0.177 0.098 -0.055 -0.708 -1.035 -0.000 0.312 -0.707 -0.160 -0.057 -0.152 -0.024 -0.007 -0.041 -0.064 0.024 -0.819 -0.046 -0.819 0.042 -0.096 -0.024 -0.069 0.000 0.024 -0.061 0.174 -0.005 S2= -0.016 -0.030 0.158 -0.497 0.043 -0.813 -1.018 -0.102 0.018 -0.550 0.507 0.056 0.000 -0.000 0.000 0.253 -0.000 0.081 0.012 -0.065 0.109 0.000 0.128 -0.082 -0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.057 0.242 -0.008 0.028 -0.550 -0.000 0.053 -0.496 -0.056 0.002 0.274 -0.023 0.000 0.341 SE= -0.802 -0.000 0.314 0.552 0.021 -0.291 -0.000 0.009 -0.083 -0.619 0.082 -0.000 0.000 0.001 S2= -0.165 233 .254 -0.351 SE= 0.005 0.422 0.032 0.047 -0.119 0.000 0.024 0.024 SE= 0.019 -0.136 0.040 0.363 -0.428 -0.014 0.329 0.051 -0.000 0.146 -0.092 0.060 -0.707 0.428 0.088 -0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.514 -0.230 -0.001 S3= 0.003 -0.160 -0.100 -0.020 -0.013 -0.041 0.076 0.108 0.428 -0.052 -0.707 0.000 0.000 0.233 -0.000 0.073 0.901 -0.000 -0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.000 0.

735 0.479 0.005 0.co.298 SE= 0.013 -0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.278 -0.037 0.083 -0.555 0.766 -0.540 -1.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.245 -0.Pro. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.304 -0.733 -1.605 -0.204 -0.Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.472 0.034 -0.120 -0.259 0.108 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.028 -0.052 S2= -0.317 -0.411 0.285 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.203 -0.399 -0.279 -0.015 -0.025 -0.240 -0.046 -0.323 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.526 -0.401 -0.217 53.com * ************************************************************ .084 0.049 -0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.822 0.032 -0.129 -0.070 0.119 -0.039 -0.388 0.822 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.034 0.879 -0.055 0.com * * Asia support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.350 -0.029 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@bentley.co.206 S3= -0.Part I .234 0.044 -0.255 -0.co.177 -0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.262 -0.469 -0.128 -0.457 -0.111 -0.036 0.

235 . Since the structural condition is load dependent. 25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case.Verification Problem 25 Example Problem No.

the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. To accommodate these requirements.Part I . the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent.0 . it is necessary to have 2 commands. This structure is a PLANE frame.0 . UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are specified above. . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 6 5. 5 5. 4 5.5 .25 7. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.5 .Application Examples 236 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only. 3 0 7. Also. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.25 3.25 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. Consequently. 2 0 3. This is because. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. The second line is an optional comment line.

CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. 237 . density and Poisson’s ratio are specified. if during the analysis. In this case. 6 1 5 . 8 2 4 . it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. the built-in default value of steel is assigned. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 Members 1 to 10 are assigned the UC152X152X30 section from the British steel table. 7 2 6 . any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. 9 3 5 . material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). Hence for each load case.Verification Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. 10 2 5 The members 1 to 10 are defined along with the joints they are connected to.

PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. Next. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis. . The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. Without the re-activation. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 In load case 2.Application Examples 238 Example Problem 25 LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5.Part I . these members cannot be accessed for further processing.

0 2 1. are recognized as the "active" load cases. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. 239 . LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. In other words. support reactions and member forces to the output file.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.Verification Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3.

35. 2. 7. LOAD LIST ALL 39. LOAD 2 28.0 2 1. Intl. 20. 21.5 . 9. 1.Part I . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. 5 5. 8. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 9 3 5 . 12. 2 iterations. 13. Case= 2 1 iterations. 6 TO 9 27. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 3 0 7. 6. 7 2 6 . 18.0 . MEMBER COMPRESSION 26. 3.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . 5 FX -70 31. 34. CHANGE 38. 5.25 7. Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32. 11. 33. 4 5. 16. 8 2 4 . 6 5.0 . 23. 36. 10. 14 CHANGE LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.25 3. 17. 2 0 3.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 4. 14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Case= 1 2 iterations.5 . JOINT LOAD 29. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS .Application Examples 240 Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. CHANGE 25. 15.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 37. 22. 19. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. 6 1 5 . 4 FX -45 30.

0003 0.13 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 241 .00 0.00 0.00 106.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.03 -0.0000 0.67 0.2960 -0.00 0.94 0.67 0.15 -0.94 6.03 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.45 0.00 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.00 0.0135 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.1648 -0.00 0.1946 -0.15 0.0609 0.0093 0.0000 0.0003 0.79 -0.91 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.21 0.0031 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.12 0.22 -30.33 -0.79 -27.09 2 3 2 3 2 3 -29.00 0.00 0.38 0.0000 0.0003 0.12 -0.0000 0.1648 -0.0007 -0.15 0.0141 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0141 0.0001 -0.33 0.03 0.0000 0.0135 0.00 0.0000 -0.12 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.2959 -0.00 0.15 0.2959 0.24 0.00 -0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.0000 0.00 0.49 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 -6.73 0.0000 0.15 -0.00 0.00 0.0135 0.67 30.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.15 -29.00 0.00 0.12 -0.0000 0.0003 0.03 -0.0000 -0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0475 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.45 -0.67 -106.0000 0.00 0.13 114.00 0.0002 0.00 0.38 -106.0609 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -106.24 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0082 -0.00 0.00 0.12 27.0135 0.00 0.33 0.0093 0.45 -0.0000 0.00 0.91 -11.15 -0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.13 -0.0000 0.00 0.0007 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.13 -0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.03 0.0000 0.00 0.0003 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.49 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.91 29.00 0.0000 0.Verification Problem 25 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0475 0.0000 0.00 0.49 0.15 -11.0005 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.87 10.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 106.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.21 0.00 0.00 -0.0000 -0.00 0.0031 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.12 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.87 0.03 -0.08 -0.1946 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.12 -0.24 -0.67 106.00 0.0000 0.00 0.2960 -0.00 0.00 0.45 -0.08 -0.00 0.0082 -0.00 0.49 11.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.33 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0003 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.03 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.0005 0.38 -114.38 0.45 0.00 0.91 29.0002 0.00 0.12 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 -0.13 -0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 -20.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -137.81 -137.94 6.82 -0.81 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 242 Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.66 -53.31 -0.00 0.00 0.55 -44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.00 53. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.66 20.00 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.co.00 0.22 -106.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.72 -20.22 -30.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.67 106.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 137.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 30.00 12.00 0.03 0.51 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -44.73 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.82 -0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.29 -0.00 0.51 -12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.55 44.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.51 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 -0.00 0.55 44.00 0.67 -6.00 0.00 0.29 -42.00 0.00 0.66 -53.00 0.00 0.03 0.com * ************************************************************ .00 137.55 42.31 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

Using the master-slave command. the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions.Example Problem 26 Example Problem No. 243 . 26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements.

JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. 37 49 50 39 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 91 26 10 93 . 64 26 30 66 . 46 61 62 48 . 55 10 14 57 . 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 4 5 6 6 . The unwanted joints. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . are then deleted. 100 38 22 102 . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. created during the generation process used above. 22 29 30 24 . 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.Application Examples 244 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 73 42 46 75 . 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 109 50 34 111 . UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the following data.Part I . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . . 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 82 58 62 84 . 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 7 9 10 9 . Y and Z axes. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 .

Built-in default values for steel and concrete 245 . MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American steel table.Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. and Density are specified. CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. Poisson's Ratio.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above.

0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 33.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.Part I . It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction.0 . SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified.0 The above data describe a static load case.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.0 17.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 26 for these quantities are assigned.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 49. The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.

then print member forces for two members. then print support reactions at selected joints.Example Problem 26 The above data describe a static load case. 247 . LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. It consists of plate element pressure on a floor in the negative global Y direction.0 The above data describe a static load case. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.

8. 38. 27. 16. 47. 7.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 . 30. 2. 55. 54.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 35. 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 60. 53.0 17. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . 51.0 33. 52. 49. 11. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 .0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40. 10. 3. 43. 20.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. 73 42 46 75 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 .0 49. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 59. STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . Intl.75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. 46 61 62 48 . 64 26 30 66 . 29.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. 31.0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10. 37. 32. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 .0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. 36. 4. 5.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 91 26 10 93 . 17. 118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47. 14. 39. 58.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 7 9 10 9 . 9. 44. 34. 15. 100 38 22 102 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Part I . 57. 19. 48. 37 49 50 39 . 13. 26. 41. 46. 55 10 14 57 . 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 61. 6. 25. 42. 33. 4 5 6 6 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 18. 21. 50. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 .0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 109 50 34 111 . 22 29 30 24 . 12. 28. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 23. 40. 56. 82 58 62 84 . 22. 24. 45.

00 0.00056 -0.25499 -0.00363 -0.09268 -0.02166 1.06556 -1.96702 -0.00017 -0.45739 8.96702 -0. 65.00041 -0.07454 0.00002 0.07823 -0.00031 -0.00059 -0.00792 0.84 -85.00041 -0.64214 -0.00031 0.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1. 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.00059 0.00014 0.64214 -0.00 0.49676 0.01 3 58 0.00 -8.00 0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.96702 -0.86781 -0.00 0.00245 0.00056 -0. 68.27 1696.09261 0. 67.32921 8.00041 -0.38 208.19363 -0.00 0.00363 -0.01 58 0.00056 -0.00503 -0.00 0.00 0.00058 -0.07792 0.06978 -0.00041 -0.00452 -0.19716 0.32921 8.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.00 0.87442 -0.02678 -0.00 -0.09027 8.51350 -0.00167 -0.39 0.10 -5. 63.00 -7.00088 -0.00 0.00025 -0.00 125.00 0.00046 -0.00 -125.00791 -0.00041 -0.02115 -1.04703 0.00041 -0.00363 -0.33161 -0.07452 -0.00 -0.00108 0.96702 -0.25499 -0.87442 -0.07454 0.32 -0.04919 0.94 0.02679 -0.45739 8.00 7. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 70.06978 -0.02716 0.00041 -0.39 0.09027 0.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.87442 -0.00363 -0.07468 -0.23216 0.00363 -0.00000 0.00028 0.50252 -0.04716 0.00 0.32921 8. 66.00103 0. 64.00 -0.00 0.13263 6.00649 0.09261 0.00036 -0.00001 0.00 0.73 5.00 0.00 0.88242 0.13263 6.32 0.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.02679 -0.09027 8.08128 -0.00 198.34 42 0.34 -129.82 1835. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00090 0.00495 -0.01 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.49676 0.13263 6.45046 0.13263 6.09268 -21.00 0.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.83 1407.86713 0.34 0.09027 8.00159 0.45739 8.14 -137. 69.00166 0.00363 -0.00 0.Example Problem 26 62.00056 -0.21215 -21.32 0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.00 0.45046 -0.00 322.00 -0.01 42 0.32921 8.23216 0.00207 -0. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00 8.00 0.88 -137.00625 0.00014 0.70 0.58 2 3 115 1 58 0.00 0.04609 1.00056 -0.00162 0.00041 -0.21215 -0.13 1173.00363 -0.00056 -0.01 0.73 -4.08468 -0.01 42 0.32 0.00054 0.10 129.00 0.34 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 2 249 .00 0.01536 -0.00024 0.00140 -0.02065 -0.23 -85.00057 -0.06312 -0.00056 -0.00056 -0.00 0.70 0.59584 0.33161 -0.00363 -0.59584 0.00120 0.00030 0.00 4.00008 -0.00 0.00 0.00028 -0.87442 -0.00102 0.04712 0.04704 -0.45739 8.41 336.

10 7.00 50.26 -469.36 68.13 -500.90 -257.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.03 0.51 51.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * Asia support@bentley.65 31.74 -11.31 70.com * ************************************************************ .com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.96 0.47 -483.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Pro.76 -58.co.68 -55.Application Examples 250 Example Problem 26 72.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.37 53.25 -54.com * * * * North America support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.69 231. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.98 -28.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.14 1731.00 0.03 0.54 -14.co.01 0.01 0.82 -54. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.91 -470.co.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 73.56 -500.53 -54.Part I .52 -91.87 -58.63 487.55 92.17 1732.60 -69.

27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade.Example Problem 27 Example Problem No. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. 251 . A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed.

0 REPEAT 3 8. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. To accommodate these requirements. Also. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8. Consequently. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 3 times.5 6 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 0.5 7 0.0 0.Part I .0 0.0 6. .5 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.0 40.0 0.5 0.0 12. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.0 28.0 0.0 0.0 3 0. the joint number followed by the X. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 0.167 4 0. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 feet.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 2 0.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. it is necessary to have 2 commands.0 36.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 0.333 5 0.0 0.0 20.

0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8. UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later). CONSTANTS E 4000. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and density are specified following the command CONSTANTS.0 ALL POISSON 0.Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.0 253 . The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element. SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute.0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.

PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. 29 30 FY -205.7 6 FY -617. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. 5 FY -308. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.2 . The subgrade reaction of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu. 8 9 FY -109. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126.5 47 54 82 FY -264.Application Examples 254 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with compression-only springs which are effective in the global Y direction.50 The above data describe a static load case. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. A pressure load of 1.7 27 FY -1085. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 26 FY -542.50 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade reaction of soil.Part I .4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.ft.4 22 23 FY -410.

0 120 121 FY 108. 29 30 FY -102. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.4 22 23 FY -205.0 FY -487.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528. 5 FY -150.0 99 100 FY 205.0 104 FY 487.3 FY -205.5 47 54 82 FY -132.0 FY -273.0 FY -974.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.3 FY -546. 26 FY -271.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction.7 6 FY -310. 8 9 FY -50. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command.0 255 .0 103 FY 243.0 FY -217.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.3 92 93 FY 102.0 FY -410.7 27 FY -542.0 FY -109.0 113 114 FY 54. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.

Application Examples 256 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136. and support reactions at a list of joints for load case 3. The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis.Part I . LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements.3 FY 273. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. element stresses for elements 34 and 67. . are obtained with the help of the above commands.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end.

33. 6.0 ALL POISSON 0. 20. 27. 23. 30.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.167 4 0.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0. 34. 4. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 19.0 0.0 0. 29. 18.0 3 0.01 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations. 21. 22.0 40.333 5 0.0 0.0 CONSTANTS E 4000.0 28.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8. 25. 15.0 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 20. 31. 12.0 36. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 2 0.0 6. Intl.0 0. 9. 5.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8. 14. 24.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.00 = 0.0 0.03 378 1 1 257 . 17.0 0. 35.0 0.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 26. 3.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 REPEAT 5 6.0 0.0 12.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.5 6 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0. 10. 8.00 = -7740. 2. 13.0 0. 16. 28. 32.5 7 0.5 0. 11.5 0. 7. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.

0 104 FY -974. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.3 125 FY -546.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 44. 39.01 MY= 0.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528.Application Examples 258 Example Problem 27 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 53. 26 FY -542.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307.51342E-10 2 RY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.00000E+00 0 RX= 9.00 MZ= -884991. 40.03 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 47. 42. 38.Part I .6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 50. 58.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.3 92 93 FY -205.0 124 FY -273. 29 30 FY -205. 37. 48.90 = 0.00 = -13964. 57. 5 FY -308.4 22 23 FY -410.00 MZ= 2 ) 2 ) 884991. 43.7 27 FY -1085.66 MY= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740. 54. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 46.0 103 FY -487.19726E-10 45 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 36. 41. 51.0 99 100 FY -410.0 120 121 FY -217.00 MZ= 1 ) 499230. 49.50000E+00 1 Z = 0.7 6 FY -617.66 MY= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 4.47 2 2 . 8 9 FY -109.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 52.0 113 114 FY -109. 45. 55. 56.

0 104 FY 487. 62. 74. CHANGE LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 60. 29 30 FY -102. 67. 76.00 MZ= 3 ) 3 ) 478687.5 47 54 82 FY -132.0 99 100 FY 205. 63. 5 FY -150. NO. 2 3 4 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations. 79. 65.4 22 23 FY -205. 81. 64. 61.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.7 6 FY -310.36 MY= 0.3 125 FY 273.Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.3 92 93 FY 102.78 3 3 259 . 75.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533.00 MZ= -478687. NO. 80.00000E+00 0 RX= 7. 83.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START **START **START **START ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION NO. NO. 68.09725E+01 120 Z = 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9.0 113 114 FY 54. 71. 82.0 103 FY 243.00 = -10533. 8 9 FY -50. 69. 73. 26 FY -271.0 124 FY 136.10 = 0.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.36 MY= 0.69957E-02 6 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 59.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519. 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.89606E-02 99 RY= 0. 70.7 27 FY -542.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 72. 78.00000E+00 0 Y = -1.0 120 121 FY 108. 77. 66.

12227 -0.74 2.38 1303.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.29 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.00000 X-ROTAN -0.00 6.2 ANGLE= -34.51 0.303438E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 87. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.96 724.96 0.08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86.00000E+00 0 RX= -1.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.00000 0.49737 0.09437 -0.99 0.44 1449. 67 67 CASE NO.00 202.13 ANGLE= -34.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.00000 0.22268E-01 120 RY= 0.00 ANGLE= -27.00000 0.91 SMAX= 375.09579 -0.44 0.074621E+03 -1.10056 0.45 188.81 202.58 0.00 1449.06945 0.00 101.25 SMIN= -30.00000 0.Part I .25 SMAX= 171.83669E+01 120 Z = 0.00000 0.62 SMAX= 30.06506 0.2 5.96 43.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.83 1303.81 0. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.00000 0.17264 14.249564E+02 67 3 1.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.00 724. 3 3 7.29 SMAX= 1074.21 -57.53915 28.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.62 TMAX= 6. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 1.64 3 TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 37.36691 22.1 ANGLE= -27.50 188.074621E+03 PLATE NO. LOAD LIST 3 85.13 101.00000E+00 0 Y = 2.09786E-01 125 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 84.00000 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 -4.00000 0.91 SMIN= -1074.449913E+03 67 3 .00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.00000 0.

00 0.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.10 149.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 148.00 0.00 0.08 153.00 0.00 0.60 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.Example Problem 27 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 261 . please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.Pro.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 88.com * * Asia support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.06 168.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.

Application Examples 262 Example Problem 27 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 28 Example Problem No. 28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below. The structure consists of piers. 263 . pier-cap girders and a deck slab.

6 15.Application Examples 264 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. To achieve this. Y and Z axes. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0.5 0 0. 4 9 0 0. UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above. in 3 successive operations. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis.Part I . The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters. the above command is required.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6. The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. 11 -1 10 0 25 16. . we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure.5 0 0. joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. Next. 63 new joints are generated. 3 6. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25). 5 11. We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. 2 4 0 0. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error. Following this. the joint number followed by the X.5 0 0.

27 27 36 . 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 48 48 57 . 29 29 40 . 51 51 63 . 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 72 72 84 . Details of this command is available in Section 5. 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. 30 30 42 . 404 to 417. The above method. Then. the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated. 70 70 80 . DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 265 . Similarly.Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. No generation is involved here. by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). is the explicit definition method. 69 69 78 . 303 to 316. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 4 4 19 . we create members 202 to 215. The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. and. where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. 5 5 21 .Pro's graphical viewing facilities. 28 28 38 . 2 2 15 . For example. 3 3 17 . 71 71 82 . 49 49 59 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 50 50 61 .11 of the Technical Reference manual.

Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . plates and beams are properly connected. Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. from the superelement bound by the corners A. For example.5 10 0 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements. Alternatively. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. 25. 46 and 32). B 16. Thus. Similarly.5 10 14 . Details of the above can be found in Section 5. At every node along their common boundary. C 20. These are the elements which make up the first span. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element.Application Examples 266 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. and 12 along the edges BC and DA. D 3 10 14 . For this.Part I . there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. In other words. and another 168 for the 3rd span. etc.14 of the Technical Reference manual. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . we use a technique called mesh generation. B. C and D (which in turn are nodes 11.

For the deck. and prismatic circular sections for the columns.Example Problem 28 and vice versa. ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0.375 267 . Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities.0 Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections for the girders. MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0. the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called GIRDERS. such as members. The reason is that these elements happen to be right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the frequency calculation. the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1. a few selected elements are chosen into a few selective groups. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. For our structure.6 ZD 0. and so on. The tools of the graphical user interface may be used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this model.

UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq. which happen to be at a Y elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11 metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms. UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL Following a change of units. . This is like saying that the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 Theoretically. density of concrete is specified. Further. in the absence of any explicit instruction. Due to these reasons. In a large structure. the first few modes may be sufficient to obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data. (One measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of that mode. Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also assigned to ALL members and elements.) In many cases. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports). a structure has as many modes of vibration as the number of degrees of freedom in the model. STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. not all modes are of equal importance.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 28 The plate elements of the deck slab. However. the extraction process can also be very time consuming. the limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted.Part I .mm for all members.

0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. we are asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65.Pro 2000 calculated only 3 modes by default).0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.18.Example Problem 28 (Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD. UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1. one may ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with the help of this command. If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS . 269 . In our example.3 of the STAAD. The number that follows this command is the number of modes being requested. Some information on this is available in Section 1.Pro Technical Reference Manual.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen extraction method.

Y and Z directions. usually called the [K] matrix. there are 3 possible directions . In our example. The mass matrix is assembled using only the masses from the weights and directions specified by the user. The stiffness matrix. we choose to apply it on just a few elements in the global Y and Z directions only. the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example. and global Y. this does not guarantee that STAAD will automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the available directions. Internally. STAAD uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL CAL REQ command is specified. member and element properties. a 200 kg/sq.the stiffness matrix. If the structure is declared as a SPACE frame. Poisson's ratio. member offsets. not masses. and the mass matrix.Application Examples 270 Example Problem 28 The method involves 2 matrices . Similarly. member and element releases. In other words.Part I . the acceleration due to gravity. But for the truck loads. So. The reasoning is something like . If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame. However. some of the important aspects to bear in mind are : 1.for the X direction. global Y and global Z.global X. support information. notice that we are specifying the selfweight along global X. STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input by "g". The input you specify is weights. etc. called the [M] matrix. there are 2 possible directions of vibration . global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a contribution in the mass matrix. You have control over and are responsible for specifying the directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. For assembling the mass matrix. if a weight is not specified along a certain direction. 2. the mass is not capable of .global X. is assembled using data such as member and element lengths.m pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the deck. modulus of elasticty.

the total weight at a given node is the algebraic summation of all the weights in the global directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this algebraic resultant. Remember. this command accompanies the loads that are to be used in generating the mass matrix. not necessarily what you may wish to do.Example Problem 28 vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll along X. When STAAD encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11) and time history (see examples 16 and 22).. So. It is specified inside a load case. provide absolute values for the weights. 271 . As much as possible. this is just a demonstration example. The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to restrict a certain weight to certain directions only. But in such analyses. STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at nodes. all he/she has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights cannot vibrate in. it automatically will carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL . In other words. the MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and modes should be calculated. 3. if some weights are specified as positive numbers and others as negative. Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is carried out. command.

periods and participation factors are automatically reported in the output file when the operation is completed. .Part I . FINISH This terminates the STAAD run. Frequencies.Application Examples 272 Example Problem 28 PERFORM ANALYSIS This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the frequencies.

4. 10. 48. 49 49 59 . 2 4 0 0. 71 71 82 . 40. 5.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1. 54. 51. 8. 3 6. 30. 4 4 19 . 3 3 17 . 30 30 42 .375 UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1. 60.5 0 0. 28. 55. 59. 32. 58. 5 11. 31.0 273 . 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 19. 29 29 40 . 11. STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE IGNORE LIST UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 26. 25.5 0 0. 9. 36. 34. 50. 14. 72 72 84 . 12. 3. 24. 46. 43. 28 28 38 . 57. 50 50 61 . 41.0 ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 35. 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 42. Intl. 44. 6. 73 73 86 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0. 39.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 21. 33. 5 5 21 . 17. 22.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.6 ZD 0. 51 51 63 . 48 48 57 . 27 27 36 . 6 15. 29.Example Problem 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 38. 15. 69 69 78 . 27. 16. 45. 52.5 0 0 11 -1 10 0 25 16. 4 9 0 0. 37. 7. 56. 2 2 15 . 20. 49. 18.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2. 70 70 80 . 53. 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 23. 47. 13.

13582 0.06824 0. 84.NO.160 11.22130 0.61111 0.734 11.38433 0. 63. 69.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 28 61. ELEM.488 13.341 10.21355 0. 82.08007 0. SELFWEIGHT Z 1.683 5.363 10.26636 0.028 7.762 15.08869 0.602 2.08454 0. 64. 76. 73.189 7. 66. 83.275 11.13815 0.754 4.19889 0.882 3.921 12.09671 0. 74.07311 0. 65. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1.519 4.13911 0.577 11.NO. 72.08275 0. ELEM.373 4. 79. 71.636 2. 67.238 7.677 14. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.06612 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.076 4.Part I .08638 0.085 12. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. 70. 78.09316 0.829 11.08961 0.22869 0.654 14.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS . 85.08388 0.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 584/ 1.24532 0. 81.34695 0. 80. 75.06774 0. ELEM.NO.125 0.

426 21.776 28.00 0.364 56.529 38.04869 0.01 0.04729 0.766 99.01 0.00 0.062 99.03355 0.151 99.04 0.518 23.02532 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 X Y Z 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.358 56.575 30.574 32.00 0.765 99.112 99.585 38.00 0.03452 0.618 20.00 0.146 21.948 275 .845 21.801 22.736 99.808 27.00 0.04056 0.898 99.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 99.00 0.364 56.411 35.364 56.939 99.03043 0.725 19.00 3.501 31.02824 0.02863 0.747 19.326 99.469 26.03600 0.03174 0.735 99.05 0.00 0.05020 0.02576 0.02844 0.940 99.15 0.00 0.00 26.00 0.985 24.01 0.00 0.494 0.03156 0.012 99.383 99.00 0.536 3.162 35.00 0.00 0.202 99.03124 0.550 29.009 32.000 55.326 99.947 99.101 34.05635 0.741 99.135 99.01 0.02783 0.04587 0.355 56.03785 0.368 56.00 0.04797 0.937 99.204 99.00 0.00 0.135 99.00 0.062 99.754 99.00 0.042 99.972 29.37 0.02932 0.923 99.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.061 99.03926 0.151 99.536 20.002 26.04 99.00 0.05 0.23 0.00 25.04169 0.496 3.04252 0.151 99.354 56.136 99.909 99.740 55.889 99.04531 0.00 0.736 99.969 55.02592 0.871 55.05778 0.000 0.27 0.03730 0.01 0.736 99.00 0.00 0.992 31.01 0.940 99.923 35.740 99.Example Problem 28 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 PERIOD(SEC) 17.04319 0.00 0.326 99.03227 0.587 55.03662 0.151 99.229 3.05721 0.00 0.354 56.01 0.921 20.740 99.937 99.06 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.19 0.02738 0.753 99.863 34.53 0.826 39.326 99.04850 0.00 0.59 0.14 0.923 99.04667 0.804 30.04 0.422 26.00 0.02 0.03846 0.740 99.969 55.01 0.01 0.308 17.690 32.204 99.00 0.928 36.070 23.740 99.927 55.979 56.153 23.13 0.03384 0.754 99.349 56.05070 0.00 0.01 0.305 27.766 0.01 0.753 99.655 25.42 0.04 0.03070 0.00 0.478 17.

02 0.737 65.466 74.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.736 65.00 0.985 99.973 99.973 99.973 99.00 0.852 99.143 74.859 99.858 99.00 0.861 99.00 0.973 99.00 0.974 99.00 0.965 99.857 99.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.03 0.768 99.226 73.732 61.971 99.974 99.611 73.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.973 99.831 73.com * * Asia support@bentley.06 0.973 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.768 99.761 74.09 0.00 0.00 0.855 99.860 99.00 0.00 0.976 99.00 0.857 99.116 72. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.42 0.00 0.973 99.591 57.00 0.00 0.00 0.969 68.14 0.01 0.932 67.857 99.384 56.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.857 99.Application Examples 276 Example Problem 28 MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 0.02 0.033 73.856 99.970 99.214 65.974 99.868 99.859 99.972 99.00 0.973 99.856 99.829 99.057 73.00 0.205 61.co.972 99.858 99.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.981 99.14 0.15 0.00 0.01 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.15 4.01 3.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.406 74.00 0.06 0.00 0.79 0.767 99.858 99.926 67.00 0.858 99.971 99.09 0.00 0.00 0.18 0.26 0.611 73.973 99.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 2.858 99.00 0.730 73.974 99.00 0.975 99.858 99.854 99.00 0.905 72.00 0.00 0.00 0.736 67.00 0.00 0.972 99.Part I .965 99.19 0.00 0.00 0.860 99.48 0.006 74.00 0.00 0.758 73.11 0.co.623 73.856 99.00 0.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.856 99.00 0.974 99.00 99.965 99.00 0.984 99.868 99.53 0.908 99.971 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.971 99.00 0.00 0.970 74.767 99.co.859 99.972 99.00 0.00 0.854 99.823 73.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 3.865 99.985 99.856 99.856 99.00 0.02 0.30 0.226 73.319 65.03 1.985 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.868 99.00 0.00 0.968 73.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.973 99.562 56.859 99.832 99.736 73.972 99.676 58.856 99.980 73.02 0.610 73.869 56.965 99.00 0.05 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.17 0.00 0.04 0.856 99.622 73.00 0.967 67.858 99.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.974 99.972 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.986 86.com * * Europe support@bentley.972 99.00 0.Pro.com * ************************************************************ .00 0.07 0.00 0.973 99.308 65.38 0.00 0.01 0.

19889 0.916E-16 11 7.025E-16 7 4. we obtain a report.38433 0. i.22870 6.View .238 0.34695 8.STAAD output).000E+00 277 .22130 5.076 0.519 0.666E-16 4 3.26636 0.754 0.373 0.683 0.363 0.Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.13911 8.61111 1. Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes.028 0. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.000E+00 10 7.000E+00 3 2.000E+00 12 7. look at the output file.189 0.000E+00 5 4.636 0.882 0.602 0.466E-16 6 4.13815 0.21355 5.253E-16 9 5.344E-16 2 2. (This file can be viewed from File .Output File .641E-16 8 4.13582 0.24532 3.

496 99. One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.135 8 0.229 99.42 0.202 3.740 99.00 99.04 percent participation.04 0.326 10 0. we barely obtained 60%.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 ii.06 0.00 99.Part I .01 0.012 0.151 0.00 0.19 99.00 99.927 99.735 55.00 3.112 6 0.000 99. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.136 9 0.00 26. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.000 99.00 99. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction.13 0.062 4 0.02 99.27 0.15 0.151 3.587 99. Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.969 99.02 99.736 55.042 2 99.00 0.204 55. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode.14 0.151 0.00 99.00 0.00 0.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command.05 99. even with 10 modes. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes. But for the Y direction.736 55.204 30.00 99.00 99.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0.23 0.04 0.135 7 0.00 0.00 99. The out-of-plane flexible nature of the slab enables it to vibrate in a .000 99.59 0.04 0.536 99. the first 2 modes are sufficient.53 0. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26.00 0.00 25.326 12 0.061 3 0.736 55.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.151 3.05 0.575 99. the first mode has a 99. The SUMM-X.062 5 0.326 11 0.871 99.

iii. select Post-processing from the mode menu. Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box. 279 . Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. Localized modes. also result in small participation factors. This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views. The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically.Example Problem 28 manner resembling a series of wave like curves. where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode.

Part I .Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 NOTES .

80m 1.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No. For the seismic case. forces and reactions are obtained. 1.80m 1. In this model. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases.90m 3. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used.80m 3. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case. the maximum values of displacements.00m 2.50m 3.00m 281 .70m 1.

19 21 22. 16 19 8 17 12 20. Y and Z axes. 3 0 5. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 29 18 21 . 23 6 14 24 8 16. Details of these commands are available in Section 5. 28 15 22.3 0 . 18 4. The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 2 0 3. 18 20 21. another round of explicit definition (joints 17.11 of the Technical Reference manual. the joint number is followed by the X.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 15 18 19.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 14 17 18. 20 22 16 21 2 10.8 7 0 . 26 7 19. 19 7. 22 4 12. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 .6 7 0 . 25 3 17. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.Application Examples 282 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Following this.5 0 . Y and Z coordinates as specified above.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation.Part I . 21 & 22) is carried out. 18 & 19) and generation (20. 27 11 20.

we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. The alternative. Just from the looks of the command. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. and so on. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM. 283 . the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. such as members. For our structure. which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L152X152X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are.

30 of the Technical Reference manual. may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis. This command is explained in Section 5. and hence the need to override the default. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis.mm for all members. The default.Part I . The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure.Application Examples 284 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq.0 DAMPING 0.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data. UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands. which is 6. UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA.05 . SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported.

TXT. A sample portion of that file is as shown below.0200 0.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided.0000 0.004280 0. The first stage is defined above.007580 0. Here.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers. and we shall be doing so at a later step.0400 0. for example.2 ft/sec^2). the keyword FORCE must be used instead. In this file. (If one wishes to specify a forcing function. 285 .31.806 m/sec^2 (or 0.00364 multiplied by 9. the EQDATA. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs.00364 multiplied by 32. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA.4 of the Technical Reference manual. the acceleration due to gravity.02 seconds.0600 0. the acceleration is 0.0800 0. 0. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.1000 0. the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides. Thus.000990 0.006300 0.TXT". As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5. at 0.003640 0. Consequently. only one data set is defined. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g". Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command.

There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper). In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads.05. how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads. of the area over which the pressure acts. similar to the squares of a chess board. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. We have chosen 0. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure.load intensity in the form of pressure.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case.Application Examples 286 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. Y and Z coordinates in space.0.0m elevation. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. the input required from the user is very simple . LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. At the Y=7. and the region of the structure in terms of X. though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself. The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction.9 7. . our structure has a floor slab. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. Thus. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6.Part I . STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system.0 The above data describe a static load case. But. it is a non-structural entity which.

806 indicates the value which the accleration data. which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated. acting at arrival time 1.9 7. the selfweight. Thus.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case. as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions.TXT are to be factored by before they are used.9 7. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9. 287 .0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data. as read from EQDATA.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. is to be applied along the X direction. The number 9.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.9 7.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6. The data here are a. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed. Here we say that the seismic force.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.806 The above command too is part of load case 3. b. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”.

0 2 1. for the dynamic case. If there are a 1000 time steps. Load combination case no. The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations. one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. support reactions. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3). the maximum from among those time steps is available. a positive combination. .0 In a time history analysis. there will be 1000 values of FX. However. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step. If we wish to do a design. these will be just the maximum values. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design. That means. not the ones generated for every time step. and a negative combination.Part I . he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities. 1000 for FY etc. etc. That is what is being done above.0 3 1.0 3 -1. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements. support reactions and member end forces in the output file. Load combination case no. for that load case. We have chosen the factors to be 1. As mentioned earlier.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.0.0 2 1. computing nodal displacements. 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3). the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step.

Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .code check .is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12. FINISH 289 .

STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 42. 33. 61. 7. 23 6 14 24 8 16.6 7 0 . 26 7 19. 30.8 7 0 .32. 17.5 0 . 29. 23.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 14. 41. 18. 19. 21. 48. 25 3 17.9 7. 53.0 DAMPING 0.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. 54. 19 7. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands. 25. 60. 45. 11. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5. 27. 2 0 3. 22 4 12. 40.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.1 FLOAD -500 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights. 55. 57. 63. 27 11 20. 28 15 22. 6. 14 17 18. . 19 21 22. 18 4.3 0 . 35. 8.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 39. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 37. 4. 24. 64.Part I . 3 0 5. 26. 20 22 16 21 2 10. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9.05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 22. 3. 46. 32. 31. 9. 51. 43. 56. 13. 12. 15. 36.4 Note 6. 16 19 8 17 12 20. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. Intl. 18 20 21.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 65.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 52. 15 18 19. 5. 16.

228 15. 73. 70.559 5.0 2 1.0 3 1.63818 0.567 16.18008 0.01136 120 291 .470 54. 68.9 7. 75. 80.17990 0.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6.835 88.23360 0.23695 0.02034 0.17433 0.220 4.082 3.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.02190 0.07764 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.281 5.110 56.07759 0.574 45.323 52.01906 0.02191 0. 69.285 16.01911 0.972 56. 71.81697 0. LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.047 4.370 1.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.02033 0.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.48034 0.01782 0. 78.053 1.736 12.567 2.01819 0.224 1.667 49.32823 0.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.126 65.06036 0.9 7.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6.939 66.888 15.73010 0.01782 0.06567 0.01517 0.44201 0. 74.644 45.06034 0.187 52.06542 0.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. 84. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 30 54 30 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.693 1.01513 0.Example Problem 29 67.553 5.880 12.158 49. 76.0 3 -1.0 2 1. 86. 83. 81.9 7.01139 0.102 87.

00 0.929 85.00 0.000 51.977 99.977 99.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.00 51.0500 0.706 69.051 98.00 0.00 0.0500 0.051 98.731 99.39 0.977 99.00 0.00 0.Part I .991 99.977 99.0500 0.00 0.00 9.0500 0.000 0.126 69.991 99.05 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.23 0.01 0.0500 0.00 0.00 0.0500 0.0500 0.0500 0.86 0.059 99.00 0.977 99.52 0.646 69.989 100.059 99.00 0.0500 0.00 0.41 0.761 99.991 99.00 0.991 99.00 0.186 72.000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS .0500 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.25 0.110 52.411 98.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 29 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 A C T U A L X Y Z 0.00 0.977 99.991 99.0500 0.02 0.00 0.646 69.00 0.860 52.01 0.991 99.38 98.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 0.00 0.706 69.0500 0.453 99.00 0.186 72.0500 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.0500 0.706 69.829 99.860 51.0500 0.731 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.816 98.051 98.816 98.03 0.00 0.0500 0.00 0.051 98.051 98.00 0.977 99.991 99.00 0.706 69.00 0.06 0.00 0.860 51.00 0.186 72.00 0.977 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.0500 0.000 0.186 81.00 10.384 85.827 98.0500 0.977 99.816 98.051 98.0500 0.827 98.01 0.110 52.000 100.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.706 72.051 98.23 1.731 99.00 0.991 99.000 100.995 0.0500 0.03 7.52 0.0500 0.000 0.762 99.126 59.00 0.00 85.0500 0.991 99.000 0.0500 0.00 0.059 99.00 0.051 99.761 99.000 0.00 0.0500 0.00 0.991 99.110 59.00 0.00 0.051 98.00 0.00 0.00 13.00 0.00 0.0500 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.379 85.977 99.00 0.48 0.00 0.186 72.00 0.762 99.977 99.00 0.00 0.000 0.977 99.000 0.68 0.74 0.731 99.00 0.110 52.000 98.379 85.00 0.051 98.

0000 0.0050 0.0139 0.0151 0.0242 -0.9732 -9.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0000 0.9447 -5.0004 0.0000 0.0015 -0.0005 0.0000 0.0283 -0.0004 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0023 -0.0000 0.0084 293 .0000 0.0076 0.9799 -9.0136 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0005 0.0045 -0.0000 0.0167 -0.0001 -0.0211 8.0000 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0022 -0.0133 0.0000 0.2936 7.0106 -0.0067 -0.0001 -0.0001 -0.0201 0.0184 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0050 -0.0256 0.0012 -0.0000 0.0079 -0.0001 0.0011 -0.0000 0.2871 -8.0000 0.0665 0.0000 0.0068 -0.0004 0.9724 -0.0000 0.5469 5.9947 -7.0013 -0.3722 5.0004 0.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0058 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0004 -0.0000 0.0068 -0.0109 0.0002 -0.0106 -0.0026 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0438 9.0004 0.6673 7.0002 0.0122 0.0000 0.0077 -0.0153 0.0001 -0.0075 -0.0122 0.0000 0.0097 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.0045 -0.0283 -0.0000 0.3559 7.0000 0.0068 -0.0075 0.0001 0.0183 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.0168 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0475 -0.0133 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0056 0.0004 0.445833 Z= 1.0159 -0.0004 0.0000 0.Example Problem 29 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.0016 -0.0136 -0.0066 0.0120 -0.0002 0.0124 0.0000 0.0891 -5.0124 -0.0005 -0.0000 -0.0001 0.5307 5.0001 0.0015 -0.280383E+01 2.3559 7.0000 0.1491 0.0134 0.0016 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0014 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0029 -0.0027 -0.0159 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 -0.0136 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0025 -0.802778 Y= -5.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0199 8.0002 0.0000 -0.0124 -0.0000 -0.275646E-06 2.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0015 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0124 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0097 -0.0002 0.0004 0.0001 0.0045 -0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0101 0.0000 0.0001 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0110 0.0184 0.249217E+03 5.0075 0.0000 0.0122 0.2871 -8.0000 0.0000 0.0016 -0.0151 0.0242 -0.0000 0.5307 5.0000 0.0096 -0.0011 -0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0022 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0100 0.0106 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.4133 5.0000 0.0050 0.0000 0.3672 -0.0001 0.0140 -0.0000 0.0124 0.0001 0.0002 0.0001 -0.0000 0.4133 5.0387 9.0000 0.380556 87.0000 0.0475 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0124 X-ROTAN 0.0021 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0020 -0.6810 7.0000 0.0000 -0.0117 0.0000 0.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0012 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0005 -0.0000 0.0084 -0.0001 0.0082 0.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.0891 -5.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0140 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0624 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.9724 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0159 -0.6673 7.0016 -0.0109 0.0000 0.0005 -0.0000 0.0167 -0.0000 0.0078 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.

0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.0117 0.0008 0.0016 -0.0261 -0.0201 0.0004 0.0013 -0.0035 8.0000 0.0066 -0.0134 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.9529 -0.1491 0.0021 -0.0211 8.0029 -0.73 -1360.0000 0.9611 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9621 -9.0007 0.7331 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0008 0.0004 0.0001 0.00 .0000 0.0000 0.0630 -0.0000 0.9458 -0.9621 -9.0624 -0.0035 8.0000 0.0000 0.78 0.0952 -0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0412 9.0289 -0.3991 0.00 0.0086 0.0002 0.0031 -0.00 0.0002 0.0000 0.0025 -0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0025 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.3672 -0.0008 0.9947 -7.0000 0.00 0.3394 -1.3675 -1.0020 -0.0086 0.0124 0.9799 -9.00 0.0004 0.14 1327.0001 0.0001 0.0001 -0.50 -3225.0000 0.0056 0.9568 -9.0000 -0.0000 0.0712 -1.0001 0.0000 0.0083 0.60 -2294.0000 0.0261 -0.3991 0.0388 9.0016 -0.0000 -0.0100 0.Part I .0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.74 0.0059 0.6810 7.0000 0.0078 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 -0.0039 -0.0000 0.0003 0.0000 0.0000 0.0120 -0.0002 0.0025 -0.0014 -0.0122 0.0000 0.0001 0.0035 8.0059 0.0000 0.0000 0.0029 -0.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0000 0.2936 7.43 0.78 3562.3394 -1.0000 -0.0001 -0.0011 -0.96 -19.0004 0.9458 -0.0289 -0.0004 0.0067 -0.0025 -0.0001 0.0005 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.4095 1.0002 0.0000 0.0153 0.0000 0.3722 5.0077 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0412 9.00 -18.0000 0.0199 8.00 0.0000 0.9732 -9.0000 0.00 0.0009 -0.0124 0.0004 0.0000 0.00 0.0004 -0.9529 -0.0388 9.0106 -0.0026 -0.0039 0.0000 0.0080 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0035 8.0000 -0.0029 -0.0387 9.0002 -0.0000 -0.9447 -5.0096 -0.0079 -0.0002 -0.0101 -0.0438 9.0026 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0630 -0.0002 0.0050 -0.0000 0.0083 0.8375 -0.0000 -0.8375 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 -0.9615 -9.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.9615 -9.0000 0.0058 -0.0136 -0.0057 -0.0000 0.00 0.0039 0.0449 -0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0008 0.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS -0.0001 0.0503 -0.0000 0.0168 -0.0000 0.0001 0.78 -18.0000 0.0256 0.0712 -1.0033 -0.9568 -9.00 0.0076 0.0183 0.0027 -0.0000 0.0080 -0.0110 0.55 989.0003 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0009 0.0000 0.0002 0.7331 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0438 9.0000 0.0000 0.0027 -0.0000 0.0002 -0.0045 -0.0009 0.0000 0.0004 0.00 0.0001 0.0000 0.0025 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0503 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.0494 -0.22 873.0007 0.00 0.0026 -0.0000 0.0952 -0.0055 8.0000 0.0008 0.0039 0.0000 0.0001 -0.5469 5.0000 -0.0005 0.0449 -0.0000 -0.0023 -0.0038 0.0494 -0.0002 0.9607 -1.0000 0.0000 0.0009 0.0000 -0.0075 -0.0008 -0.0000 -0.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 60.0000 0.0000 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0033 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9607 -1.0000 0.00 0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 0.0031 -0.14 7777.0000 0.0000 0.0139 0.0159 -0.0016 -0.3675 -1.0000 0.0665 0.0000 0.0068 -0.0082 0.0001 -0.0027 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0009 0.0055 8.0438 9.9611 -0.0038 0.90 3228.4095 1.0000 0.0000 -0.

14 3562.73 -2294.14 3225.00 -3.00 0.29 2785.88 -3129.78 -319.57 11556.88 -1261.34 1330.67 237.53 5.62 -111.93 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 628.15 -311.85 111.00 0.00 0.91 -3221.Example Problem 29 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 -60.00 4763.00 -3.00 0.00 0.51 16813.50 3221.09 0.00 0.00 -4886.55 0.78 -18.83 8591.00 0.00 0.00 0.61 0.91 3562.88 -3263.00 0.36 0.78 18.74 0.64 -60.86 -5.54 0.00 210.17 -118.00 0.00 0.50 -3562.78 0.00 0.93 3562.78 18.52 -24.55 1330.00 -18.78 0.14 1327.00 0.00 0.60 2195.52 123.78 -0.04 4496.93 3562.00 0.73 0.00 -3057.43 989.14 -991.50 -3225.96 19.93 -654.78 -653.71 1396.00 0.50 -88.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 989.29 -2785.88 -2329.22 873.50 210.60 873.00 69.47 -117.90 0.00 3057.55 -60.08 5.23 -8.00 0.62 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.90 -3228.71 -1396.00 0.74 19.15 3225.00 11422.23 0.01 0.22 -873.74 0.95 -6435.00 0.00 0.06 989.83 -323.00 0.00 65.00 0.91 7774.06 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 187.60 2294.00 0.78 18.00 18.74 0.00 0.69 -79.00 0.61 0.71 -3263.26 -7243.78 -18.00 0.91 7774.52 0.20 -124.00 0.18 3057.96 -19.00 69.00 -88.00 0.60 2329.45 -7224.51 -6354.22 -873.85 -5.22 873.32 -2341.00 0.00 0.17 -118.74 19.22 60.96 -0.00 0.96 -19.00 0.00 0.00 -11299.34 -7438.55 3228.58 0.15 965.00 0.14 1327.78 -0.22 -873.86 -1.00 -210.61 -4630.00 0.96 19.78 0.34 0.00 0.00 -18.22 -0.33 0.22 60.50 3221.78 0.74 0.97 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 3562.00 117.00 0.53 3129.60 -2329.01 -0.33 0.81 0.00 0.60 -2294.93 -16933.00 0.74 0.00 0.43 -7441.91 7774.56 -60.34 -0.14 7777.00 -18.86 112.23 -0.00 0.50 -3562.00 0.00 0.22 -60.09 -5626.04 6354.20 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 60.26 7416.16 0.00 0.31 -112.51 6599.54 11983.95 -6110.00 0.14 -2586.00 0.00 65.00 65.97 179.34 1.00 0.00 -0.00 5 9 13 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.51 11299.00 0.52 -994.71 1261.00 0.15 7.00 0.95 -793.60 -455.67 -11.97 2831.08 0.61 122.47 -117.08 6273.90 -12019.88 -3263.00 0.50 -3562.31 0.00 0.96 -19.06 1396.88 3263.01 -0.78 18.22 -873.35 7777.00 0.50 -3225.71 -2195.60 873.00 0.23 -0.99 5626.00 0.00 0.78 18.73 -1360.88 -179.79 -4763.00 8154.83 -323.16 7034.00 0.00 118.47 -0.52 56.78 3562.34 0.17 0.78 -18.50 3221.00 0.00 0.00 65.10 -8031.00 0.60 -873.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.06 60.20 -124.00 8031.50 -3225.22 0.06 295 .00 18.71 1396.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 -8591.73 1360.72 0.00 0.04 -56.00 0.00 123.73 0.90 3228.52 989.00 0.67 -11556.96 -0.47 117.34 1330.52 298.17 118.35 -122.73 0.78 18.78 0.39 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 989.00 0.60 -2329.00 0.90 -1360.72 0.

61 0.00 8154.88 -2329.57 11556.91 -3221.62 -111.23 0.60 873.51 11670.97 17118.46 -117.80 261.66 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 201.43 1296.16 -311.78 -319.93 -654.01 -0.90 -1360.22 0.00 -69.50 88.61 122.00 11422.22 -8.21 0.62 111.78 0.23 8.00 0.78 -18.22 0.06 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 7 1 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 989.67 -11556.29 -2785.73 0.14 -2586.00 117.97 2831.04 4496.01 -0.27 -2849.27 175.86 5.00 -118.00 0.00 -0.22 873.50 3221.50 -3562.00 0.00 -0.60 -873.22 -60.46 117.22 0.13 118.45 -7224.00 0.00 -65.27 -112.52 123.08 6273.00 0.54 11983.78 -653.99 5626.55 1330.04 6354.50 -3562.15 965.34 -7438.32 0.34 -1.13 -0.86 -112.88 -1261.75 -456.60 2294.67 237.00 0.93 -11422.18 3057.00 -11299.80 -38.00 -123.14 3562.61 0.00 0.58 0.00 -65.16 7034.74 0.67 -11.78 0.22 -873.50 -3225.73 0.17 118.32 -2341.00 0.00 0.50 -3225.34 0.16 0.86 -5.96 0.73 1360.00 210.79 -4763.14 3225.47 117.00 0.36 0.47 -117.74 0.50 3221.35 -16991.00 18.62 -173.00 -8753.36 969.81 7413.06 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 187.91 0.65 7422.55 -0.15 7.09 0.26 7416.32 1.00 123.47 0.97 0.78 -18.00 0.22 873.60 -873.83 323.52 -123.50 -3562.33 -122.00 -65.72 0.10 -8154.00 -65.26 -7243.22 0.00 0.90 0.25 -2230.23 -2741.25 3164.10 -8031.34 -0.44 -796.15 311.60 2230.00 0.20 60.56 -60.00 0.95 -6110.31 112.19 -124.27 0.22 60.00 3.15 3225.51 11299.95 -6435.00 0.73 -0.00 0.81 -3221.60 2195.75 60.00 0.00 0.23 2741.00 0.36 -175.01 0.21 0.13 -118.58 12168.94 5730.00 0.73 -2294.00 0.83 8591.00 8753.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 628.76 0.08 -1296.20 124.06 .78 18.61 -122.00 -69.08 -5.07 -12207.33 -0.57 6030.67 11.96 0.31 0.78 18.23 -4487.22 60.51 -6354.00 0.88 -3129.00 0.93 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 628.00 0.01 -0.49 -5836.18 -3057.36 0.00 88.94 6492.01 0.46 0.00 0.96 19.00 -3057.00 0.22 -873.85 -5.00 0.04 -56.00 0.45 -88.71 -3263.00 -210.09 -5626.19 -6329.58 -6030.99 3562.52 -994.55 3228.34 -0.20 -7219.78 0.96 19.83 323.02 -2674.00 3.78 319.32 -0.71 1261.86 1.13 -118.93 -16933.45 -210.53 3129.57 -5567.29 2785.00 0.91 3562.78 2499.00 0.62 0.43 5.00 0.81 0.90 -12019.00 0.17 -118.60 873.53 -5.00 118.50 -3562.39 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 989.00 0.46 -117.14 1327.62 -2.22 -60.06 -7240.62 0.00 3057.52 -296.64 -60.60 -455.84 -323.19 -124.84 -323.00 -4886.Application Examples 296 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.19 5.06 1396.23 -0.35 7777.90 -3228.61 -4630.01 0.54 0.85 -111.08 -3164.52 298.00 4763.20 124.51 6599.35 122.61 4630.86 -1.00 0.43 -7441.31 0.00 0.32 -0.33 0.20 4886.91 7774.78 0.69 -79.85 111.58 -261.22 -0.88 -179.17 118.08 0.71 -1396.83 -8591.00 -117.60 2329.85 5.52 -24.Part I .00 0.50 210.72 0.00 18.47 117.74 -19.14 -991.59 5836.01 -0.00 8031.06 3562.51 16813.00 0.17 -0.78 -18.95 -793.00 0.01 0.88 3263.74 -19.78 -18.23 0.00 0.69 79.71 -2195.86 112.41 -11670.00 -88.52 56.97 179.31 -0.

01 -1.37 2674.06 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 13 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 4 -179.53 385.00 0.01 -0.17 2090.67 0.76 0.80 8 175.62 0.61 1585.08 0.00 -0.08 0.04 17 2785.18 -1004.59 -506.26 -0.00 0.01 0.46 -117.64 -1.61 4630.58 8 2741.00 -0.62 111.27 0.60 173.71 0.01 -0.43 -1585.65 7422.00 0.38 -6030.17 -6861.00 2137.19 124.62 -173.20 17 1641.35 -16991.01 -0.71 6354.31 0.45 18 -1641.32 0.39 5613.87 4 6155.04 4 9119.36 -175.58 -261.86 0.01 -0.51 -2831.31 0.00 0.39 -10064.20 7717.01 -0.58 19 -9298.60 19 -175.45 8851.00 0.25 3164.20 -7219.54 0.22 -0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.50 -675.00 0.08 0.24 -7.09 -0.00 0.89 2860.97 19 -12216.22 -60.24 -0.00 -1.18 -3057.60 2341.46 -0.57 -5567.01 -0.04 8644.00 1.00 -123.87 17 -9119.43 -9678.80 19 -2741.68 0.00 0.60 -873.09 -0.13 118.00 -0.67 138.65 -7775.22 873.23 965.00 -1.61 -651.57 -4038.02 -2674.13 -118.38 7254.27 6030.60 2230.86 5.00 0.01 0.81 7413.67 11.79 -0.01 0.58 -6030.26 0.01 0.97 17118.06 -7240.42 -2860.16 311.52 -296.01 -0.94 6492.00 -0.52 0.00 0.28 1.00 0.28 -981.86 1.01 0.00 0.71 0.80 261.04 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.69 66.27 -0.51 7638.78 2649.51 69.22 18 -60.00 0.32 0.44 -796.23 -2741.43 -5.05 -237.67 0.79 1.22 -0.22 -282.52 17 179.46 117.60 651.00 0.26 42.22 -5.78 126.57 5741.18 3344.49 -1095.58 12168.28 -9748.78 -4806.76 0.67 -1.21 1293.03 2586.08 0.26 -138.43 282.22 17 873.00 0.06 297 .93 -11422.91 11014.44 17 12084.25 -2230.24 -0.67 -0.00 0.03 0.19 -5.75 -4991.62 -0.97 2337.43 1296.22 8.33 122.01 0.60 17 -707.13 0.98 0.19 -6318.44 -3810.23 2741.20 4886.52 -123.78 319.08 -0.68 -0.26 -1.80 -38.27 -0.50 -3562.00 -0.00 -117.36 969.34 -2337.89 -19.00 0.04 12.22 -60.69 79.22 873.00 -3344.50 -3354.08 -1296.01 0.32 -1.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 11 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 628.25 0.01 0.57 0.55 2849.28 1.08 -450.19 -6329.30 17 -6155.94 5730.26 0.01 -0.32 -0.00 -8753.71 0.04 -56.75 60.00 0.78 2499.03 0.74 5683.24 0.68 -0.95 121.47 5847.06 3562.68 0.57 -0.66 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 201.08 0.52 4 -2785.00 0.75 -456.00 0.44 2212.62 -2.19 124.45 -210.59 5836.00 0.01 0.27 175.54 0.20 18 -226.44 3354.24 -0.03 1.27 -2849.59 60.47 -385.85 -111.01 0.46 117.62 18 707.21 -0.09 0.23 -4487.22 0.00 0.44 17 60.00 8753.61 -122.35 8 12216.86 -112.54 0.27 1.09 -0.62 17 226.07 -12207.07 8783.41 -11670.00 0.27 112.30 4 -12084.20 -52.50 3221.35 19 6381.84 323.00 -0.03 -0.79 -1.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.13 118.00 0.01 -0.00 -118.01 0.08 -3164.47 -6354.00 88.10 -8154.91 0.01 0.59 8 -6381.08 -0.49 -5836.97 8 9298.67 1.45 -0.70 0.77 -301.88 1163.00 -0.43 -8482.19 -2499.23 -2090.70 0.90 -1157.45 88.58 2.00 0.60 18 -873.79 1.91 -10712.01 0.60 -873.51 11670.64 0.08 -0.24 0.76 1.01 0.71 -0.21 0.00 0.00 0.20 1198.85 5.03 -1.57 6030.00 0.67 -1.81 -3221.84 323.00 0.35 9791.03 -0.02 2898.

28 -9748.48 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.58 2.18 3344.51 -2831.99 311.00 0.00 0.26 0.35 22 6381.06 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.05 -237.68 0.01 -0.62 0.00 0.22 -60.48 22.37 2674.89 -19.00 0.09 0.54 -0.00 0.04 12.00 0.39 -562.91 -10712.01 0.68 -0.22 873.48 -22.27 -1.60 -323.23 -12.55 2849.06 -0.97 22 -12216.43 -9678.39 -25.26 -0.00 0.77 -301.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 17 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 19 1 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 -179.43 -1585.22 -5.00 0.04 20 2785.00 0.01 0.90 -1157.96 -136.03 0.03 1.20 1198.62 -311.00 0.88 1163.00 -0.67 0.59 -506.18 -25.51 69.67 0.68 0.01 -0.00 0.78 -4806.23 965.60 323.05 132.26 0.68 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 2337.32 0.89 -587.39 0.00 -0.18 118.00 -22.70 -0.00 0.96 136.00 0.78 2649.04 8644.00 0.69 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 60.22 0.60 .29 20 -6155.54 -0.90 -132.39 -10064.01 0.26 42.01 0.00 2137.60 173.01 -0.50 -3354.26 1.86 20 -9119.61 1585.62 707.00 -1.62 226.76 0.57 0.04 12 9119.00 0.45 8851.00 0.00 0.95 121.00 0.70 0.00 0.44 -1641.08 0.00 -323.22 873.51 7638.00 0.57 5741.23 -0.35 16 12216.00 -587.00 -3344.60 -873.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 -0.06 0.01 1.71 -0.44 3354.24 -0.00 -0.01 0.04 -56.26 0.86 -5.08 0.78 0.03 0.79 1.71 0.60 323.01 0.22 12.00 0.22 -282.03 -1.62 11.24 0.18 -1004.22 -60.00 0.06 -0.08 -0.00 0.09 0.67 1.19 -2499.67 -0.35 9791.03 2586.00 0.06 0.00 0.01 -0.79 -1.44 126.44 -3810.00 0.00 0.24 0.20 7717.23 -2090.71 0.00 0.22 -10.47 -385.00 0.08 0.01 0.00 0.91 11014.21 -226.01 0.95 -25.18 -118.58 16 2741.01 -0.71 -0.00 0.52 12 -2785.00 0.00 0.79 -0.22 -0.00 0.26 -138.23 -0.54 0.00 1.00 0.24 0.29 12 -12084.00 0.67 138.06 -11.50 -562.00 -0.52 -0.60 -707.19 -6318.18 -118.00 -0.39 -25.60 22 -175.00 0.00 0.42 -2860.97 16 9298.21 1293.80 22 -2741.39 -25.39 5613.57 -4038.01 -0.64 0.48 22.90 4.53 385.03 -0.00 0.50 -675.43 -0.67 -1.71 6354.00 0.47 5847.00 0.43 -8482.00 0.09 0.00 0.52 20 179.00 0.00 0.01 -0.60 -873.08 -450.64 1.00 0.02 2898.49 -1095.80 16 175.89 -587.34 -2337.24 66.09 -0.08 0.00 0.23 0.75 -4991.17 2090.58 22 -9298.47 -6354.25 0.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.76 -1.01 0.00 -0.00 0.21 1641.00 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.27 0.00 -136.26 10.00 0.39 0.95 136.67 1.38 7254.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 -0.32 -112.89 2860.65 -7775.89 -587.86 0.00 0.00 0.00 118.01 0.00 0.61 -651.39 -25.01 -0.17 -6861.05 0.60 2341.08 -0.00 0.00 0.28 -981.39 -25.44 2212.57 -7.43 282.01 0.00 0.00 0.28 -1.00 0.00 -0.04 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.79 -1.00 -25.08 0.07 8783.98 -0.38 -6030.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.20 -52.86 12 6155.27 0.43 20 12084.08 -0.89 0.74 5683.60 651.01 -0.00 0.24 0.99 0.59 60.59 16 -6381.28 -1.01 0.01 -0.27 6030.86 112.00 0.

91 136.00 0.68 203.00 0.66 -49.10 0.42 11 358.58 0.02 -10.00 0.03 338.01 0.69 0.95 376.00 0.10 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.01 0.10 0.61 133.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 112.55 -9.81 -2.67 0.00 0.22 -12.67 0.00 0.95 -895.21 0.71 0.00 0.86 -5.00 0.00 0.39 562.94 20 14349.62 21.00 0.39 -0.39 25.17 22 9089.89 587.71 0.58 0.66 15 4895.66 7 4895.00 0.00 0.33 20 8973.88 2.94 35.66 -366.69 0.42 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 25 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 299 .50 562.34 22 -14281.18 21.38 118.33 17 -5067.44 361.00 0.00 -0.62 311.02 0.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 23 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.26 -10.89 587.00 -0.54 17 -19726.00 0.06 -0.00 -0.06 0.02 0.87 -38.00 0.46 15 14281.12 -284.00 0.28 -112.05 0.00 0.08 -920.00 0.76 142.06 -0.10 0.01 -0.66 0.10 -0.81 -2.39 25.00 22.00 0.22 0.47 -22.10 0.26 0.72 22 -296.06 -0.88 2.33 11 -14349.33 17 8973.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 20 -309.00 0.00 0.40 49.00 0.12 366.01 -0.67 0.39 0.86 2.39 25.40 49.52 19 -19473.10 -0.10 -0.05 126.70 -391.72 19 -296.67 0.48 7 345.70 -391.76 142.00 323.38 118.77 36.00 0.21 844.00 0.52 22 -19473.71 -0.05 -0.48 15 345.61 323.00 -0.46 19 -4895.01 -0.14 -118.94 3 -8924.22 -0.10 -0.01 132.10 -0.90 -132.00 0.00 0.68 203.46 7 -9040.01 0.52 22.22 -0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 -0.12 -284.88 -2.23 32.00 0.00 0.18 21.14 25.10 -0.00 0.10 0.10 0.00 0.69 0.54 20 -19726.00 0.47 -22.28 0.95 -895.91 -136.39 0.71 0.00 -0.00 0.34 7 19522.90 4.48 30.97 869.21 11 5067.34 15 19522.95 376.00 0.99 0.14 118.71 -0.89 0.01 -0.00 0.50 0.00 0.66 -366.00 0.10 -0.00 587.66 0.00 0.67 0.05 -0.57 443.38 0.68 -949.48 30.00 0.94 11 -8924.47 0.00 0.67 -0.99 -311.89 587.39 0.00 0.81 2.00 0.47 0.22 10.00 0.71 0.43 -41.17 19 9089.52 -0.94 35.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.75 -309.00 0.10 -0.00 0.93 190.97 869.67 -0.88 -2.10 0.14 -118.00 0.00 0.43 22.94 17 14349.06 11.34 19 -14281.71 -0.61 -323.01 0.00 0.38 -0.87 448.71 0.43 22.87 -38.00 0.81 2.76 896.57 443.46 22 -4895.00 0.62 -11.23 32.12 366.79 -2.39 25.03 338.87 448.39 11 19775.10 0.21 844.00 25.33 20 -5067.08 -920.00 -136.57 -376.10 0.00 0.00 -0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 118.61 133.10 -0.00 0.91 136.61 -323.75 -309.43 -41.10 -0.22 -393.02 -0.68 -949.44 361.02 -0.62 21.66 -49.62 -0.40 3 19775.01 -0.46 7 14281.46 15 -9040.67 -0.52 22.01 0.21 3 5067.66 -0.00 0.22 12.48 -15.95 -36.79 2.00 0.76 896.27 17 -309.86 -2.62 0.10 0.48 -15.00 0.22 -393.47 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.00 0.21 -0.00 0.61 3 358.52 0.93 190.10 0.00 0.95 -36.00 0.47 22.00 0.39 25.10 0.05 126.00 0.06 0.55 -9.57 -376.91 25.02 -10.00 0.77 36.00 0.10 0.33 3 -14349.69 -0.00 0.

458 166.39 1125.00 0.8.A -1.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.452 164.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.A -1.00 0.87 SECTIONS) 0.319 -112.02 -0.00 0.3B -0.06 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.8.454 -166.02 0.87 SECTIONS) 0.319 -112. 92.06 -0.46 3.3B 0.00 0.Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.02 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.04 C PASS 59.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 29 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 0.3B 1.80 11 0.316 110.06 3.458 166.63 SECTIONS) 0.06 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.3B 0.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 3.80 12 0.3B -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.3B -1.00 0.9.463 -167.9.63 12 3.46 -3.02 0.A 1. 90.00 0.02 SECTIONS) 0.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.98 C 8 ST W310X97 PASS 71.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .8.8.00 C PASS 54.50 11 1.39 1150.04 C 9 ST W310X97 10 ST W310X97 11 ST W310X97 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.80 11 0.89 SECTIONS) 0.9.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.81 SECTIONS) 0.39 1150.00 0.92 T PASS 72.00 -0.95 C PASS 71.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 3.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13. 91.00 12 3.89 SECTIONS) 0.8.00 0.00 0.39 25.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.3B 1.454 -166.452 164.8.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.00 1150.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.8.00 0.Part I .02 0.00 0.39 1150.8.KNS MEMBER MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST TABLE W310X97 PASS 72.60 T 7 ST W310X97 PASS 72.3B -0.40 -3.50 12 1.40 0.50 11 1.00 0.00 0.46 2 3 11 12 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.00 0.00 0.463 -167.81 SECTIONS) 0.00 11 3.00 .00 0.00 0.02 25. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.21 SECTIONS) 0.98 C 2 ST W310X97 3 ST W310X97 4 ST W310X97 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 PASS 71.95 C PASS 71.00 0.00 0.9.60 T (CANADIAN CSA-13.80 12 0.46 -3.316 110.39 0.PRO CODE CHECKING .64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.00 1125.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 C PASS 54.A 1.92 T PASS 72.00 0.00 0.50 12 1.

00 C (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.80 T 21 ST C200X17 PASS 1.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.55 C PASS 119.831 0.00 -3.145 0.8.80 12 0.00 108.00 11 3.8.9.51 T PASS 16.000 0.00 11 0.3C 0.02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 -0.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 13 ST W250X39 PASS 118.02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 11 0.145 0.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.02 98.00 11 0.9.34 T * 25 ST * 26 ST * 27 ST * 28 ST 29 ST PASS 1.499 0.00 0.00 12 1.10 C PASS 15.01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.34 T 22 ST C200X17 PASS 1.00 11 0.2+ 0.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .831 0.831 0.55 C 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 18 ST W250X39 19 ST W250X39 20 ST W250X39 PASS 119.00 0.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.009 0.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.16 C 23 ST C200X17 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.00 0.9.000 0.80 12 0.8.02 96.A 0.A 0.000 0.10 C 15 ST W250X39 PASS 15.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.804 -0.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.00 11 0.00 11 3.50 301 .9.00 108.000 0.8.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.2+ 0.00 105.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.3C 0.3C 0.8.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.19 12 1.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.00 C200X17 PASS 0.786 -0.A 0.831 0.00 0.009 0.00 11 0.786 0.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.A 0.2+ 0.51 T 14 ST W250X39 PASS 16.80 T PASS 118.16 C L152X152X13 FAIL 0.00 0.A 0.02 98.A 0.9.00 -11.2+ 0.00 105.00 11 1.8.8.01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.02 96.9.00 3.804 0.

com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Application Examples 302 Example Problem 29 93.com * ************************************************************ .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * * * North America support@bentley.co.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Part I .Pro.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.com * * Asia support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@bentley. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.

Example Problem 29 NOTES 303 .

304 NOTES .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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REFERENCE: Timoshenko.. D. “Strength of Materials.” Part 1. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss.. Inc. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8. problem 3.1 Verification Problem No.77 8. 1956. COMPARISON: Support Reaction. page 346.77 None .. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system. Van Nostrand Co. S. 3rd edition.

2 150. 14.00 0. 2 1 3 .00 0. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 .Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.77 5. FINISH . 13.877P. 11.0 .00 0. THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0. 4 300. 3 2 3 . 0. .0 . 2. 4 2 4 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 3 150.00 0. 100. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 21. 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10. 2 5 PRIS AX 3. 5. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 3. 16.00 0. REACTION = 8. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 7.77 -8.00 5. . STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 12. 0. 20. 15. 9. . * THEREFORE IF P=10. 50. 17. 18.00 0. 6. 4. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. Intl.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 19. 8.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. 3. 2 FY -10.00 0.

.1-3.” John Wiley & Sons. Young.0 ft.0 ft B = 3. page 11. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass.0 lb/in. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. problem 1. W. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W.. D. 4th edition. “Vibration Problems in Engineering. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000. and Weaver. sec 0.533 None .0 ksi A = 7. COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Difference 3 Period.3 Verification Problem No..533 0. S. 1974. K = 300. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure.

15. MEMB INCI . 3. 2 7.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PAGE 11. 8.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 9. 6.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.876 0. 14.YOUNG. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD . 2 FY -1000.00 0.000 0. . 0. 21. 1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300. 16. 10. 3 10..00100. 1 2 PRIS AX 1. (4TH EDITION. 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Intl. 5. PROB 1. .000 7 . 7. 1 0. MEMB PROP . 4. F = 1.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . 18.53317 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22. 20. VIZ.533 SEC. 11.WEAVER. 12. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 1 1 1 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 1..000 100. 19.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. 13. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO. 17. 0. IZ 1. FINISH X Y 0. 2.

mm . 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element.5 Verification Problem No. GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. Uniform pressure= 5N/sq. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam.

moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22.m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max. Defl.mm = 22.5KN.51mm Max.Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18.50 kNm .50 kNm 22. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq. 18.20 mm Max Moment 22.51 mm 18.5x10 N. deflection = WL /8EI.

3. 11.0000 1.00 0. 19.8159 X-ROTAN 0. 20. 7.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.54 5. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 108 21. 8.54 0.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.00 1. 2.0813 Z-ROTAN 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ.47 0. FINISH .19 -18.00 0.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5. 13. 14. 5.00 -18.00 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 10.MM. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0.56 5.00 0.0000 Y-ROTAN -0. 12. 17.91 -112. 9.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. Intl. UNIT KN METER 23.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00 0.0 CONSTANT E 210. 4. 16.47 11. 15.00 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0. 18.91 -1.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

COMPARISON: Reaction.. Inc.9 Verification Problem No. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure.5 None . 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. D.” Part 1.. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 1956. Van Nostrand Co. 3rd edition. problem 2. “Strength of Materials. page 346. S.5 1.. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1.

19. PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 20. 13. 20.00 0. MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . 10. IZ 100. 2. 5.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. . 9. . 10. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 12. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 18. CONSTANT E 3000. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO.50 1. FINI . 15. 3. 2 0. 20.50 -1. 16. 4 10. 11. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1. 17.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0. 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1.00 0. . 2. 7. 3 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 6.Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 21. 14.00 0.00 0. 8. Intl. 4. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. 4 FY -1.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00 -5.

. S.“Strength of Materials. psi. 3rd edition. and Deflection (δ).5 in Diameter = 10 in. D.01037 None . Difference None * The value is recalculated.11 Verification Problem No.5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13. δ 0. page 97.1. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). P = 26000 lb. 1956. 2.* STAAD 3575.” Part. problems 1. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle. in Solution σ Theory 3575. Van Nostrand Co. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle.. Y P P X 13.01040 0. REFERENCE: Timoshenko..

0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3575. 2 13. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 0. . 1 AND 2. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT .104 INCH FOR MAX. ID 0. 10. STRESS * AND 0.0 441.0 3575. .4 441. Intl. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0 0. . 12.0 0.0 0. 0.0 0.0 1. .0 3575.3 0. 15. 3 43.3 0.0 1.0 3575.Part II – Verification Problems 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. DEFLECTION.3 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4. 11. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 19.0 0.00 0.3 3575. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .0 0. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 8.0 0. 3.3 0.00 AXIAL 0. 14.0 0.4 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO. 16.0 0. 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10.5 0.0 3575. 13. 7.3 3575.0 0. 6.00 0.0 3 1 .0 0.3 0.0 2 1 .3 3575.0 0. 2.0 BEND-Z 0.0 0.3 3575. 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP .0 BEND-Y 0.0 1. 4 72.4 441. MEMB INCI . 5 86.4 0. 18. 9.0 0.0 3575. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 17.00 0.3 3575.3 441.0 0. 1 5 FY -26000. 5. 0.0 0.3 3575.0 4 1 .0 1.5 0.

00000 0.00000 0.01037 0.01138 0.00000 Y-TRANS -0.00070 -0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 LOAD 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0.01138 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 -0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21.00000 0.00000 0.00086 0.00000 0.13 20.00000 0.00000 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00070 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0.00086 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.

Part II – Verification Problems 14 NOTES .

15 Verification Problem No. page 383. 3rd edition. COMPARISON: Moment. C. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44.” Intext Educational Publishers..5.40 44. J. 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame.44 Small . REFERENCE: McCormack. “Structural Analysis. 1975. example 22 . E and I same for all members.

33 -3.00 0. MEMB INCI . 4 20. 7.00 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 18.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20.33 0.33 20. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1. 15. 11.33 3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 5. 9. 14. 6. MEMB LOAD .00 0. 20.00 -3.00 0. 0.4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 20. 10.44 2 1 2 3 3. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER . 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 13.00 0.00 -20.00 0.33 -3.44 -44.44 22.00 0. 2 0. 2. Intl. 12.44 3 1 3 4 20.00 -20. 4.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 3. IZ 0.00 0. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .00 44.00 0. 16.00 0. FINISH .00 0.00 -22. 3 20.00 0. MCCORMACK. .Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. .21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19. 2 UNI Y -2. 8. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5.MAX BENDING = 44.00 0.00 3. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 0.00 0. .00 0. 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 .00 0.21 -44.00 44.00 0.33 0. 17.

example 18 . 1975. “Structural Analysis. REFERENCE: McCormack. AX 7-8 =1. 7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss. C. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection.5 in2. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2.63 None . AX 9-11 = 3 in2. AX 5-6 = 2 in2. AX 12-13 = 4 in2.63 2.2. 3rd edition. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2. in. J. page 271.” Intext Educational Publishers.17 Verification Problem No..

3 4 8 . ANSWER .00000 0. 28. 12 13 PRI AX 4.00000 0.00000 .00000 0. 9 3 7 10 1 6 .00000 0. 8 3 8 . 6. 5 1 2 6 2 3 .00000 0. 14.00000 0.24000 -0. 9. CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 11 5 8 . 17. 4.18000 0.63033 0. 26. 15. 7.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 16. 15. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 30. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 7 3 6 . 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20. 25. 18. 7 30.89516 -2. 24.00000 0. 5.00000 0. 12. 11. 19.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3. PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2.00000 0.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0. Intl.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 . 7 8 PRI AX 1.5 .00000 0.00000 0. 10.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15. 7. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.12000 -0.00000 0. .00000 0. 23.00000 0.00000 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4 4 5 . 21.83516 0. 8 45.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.12000 -0. 29.48000 -0.00000 0. 2 3 4 .00820 0. 13.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31. 20.00000 0.06578 0.24000 -0. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK.00000 0. 2. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.72000 -0. 27. 3.29758 0.00000 -0. 7.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0. 8.00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. 22.00000 0.0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.

8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. J. 1975. 3rd edition. REFERENCE: McCormack.40 69.19 Verification Problem No. “Structural Analysis. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment.44 Small . Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69.” Intext Educational Publishers.. problem 22 .6. C. page 385.

3 30 30 . 3.00 0.34 -69. 17. 10.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 22. 6. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0.00 0.00 0. 12.00 69.00 0. 8. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69. 2 0 30 . 7.00 0.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0.66 45.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 11. 10.91 -9.Part II – Verification Problems 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.09 -20. 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.44 -66. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY.00 0. 19.09 -3.74 0. 14.00 0.00 -5.74 -3.00 66. 5. 20.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 0. 15.00 0. 10.00 0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20.91 3. * ANSWER .09 9. 9. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 4. 18.91 0. . REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK.74 20. 21. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6. FINISH .00 0. Intl.74 0. 16.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.74 -3.44 2 1 2 3 3. 13.74 3.66 3 1 3 4 9. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.

page 388.01 0. REFERENCE: McCormack.40 178. example 22 . 9 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads in a 1x2 bay plane frame.7. “Structural Analysis.91% . PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame.21 Verification Problem No.. 3rd edition. C.” Intext Educational Publishers. COMPARISON: Moment. J. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 176. E and I same for all members. 1975.

34 65.00 0. 21.94 0. 5.06 0.00 0.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. PROB 22-7.51 6.03 -5.00 178.75 15.75 0.26 15.00 0.00 0.03 -5.51 -6.49 64.91 -15. 7.65 -157. Intl.24 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.1 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .24 5 1 3 4 9.00 0.00 176.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 10. 15. * PAGE 388.03 -6. 5 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 12. 11.44 6 1 5 6 5.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0. 9 * * MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.00 0.26 22. 1 2 FIXED LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 20 . * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK. 9. 19.97 0.00 0.4 K-F * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 . 18.51 5.00 0.10 3 1 3 5 -6. 6.00 0.00 0.00 -157. 3 3 5 4 .91 -9.26 -22.06 -15.51 6.00 0.00 0. 2.00 0.51 4.2 IZ .94 -14. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 35.16 2 1 2 4 22.93 -65. 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . 5 3 4 .00 0.00 0.00 0. 8.00 34.MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176. 20.97 -4. ANSWER .00 0. 4.00 0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -22.00 0.00 0.01 123. FINISH . 14. 16.51 0.00 -64. 6 5 6 MEMB PROP 1 TO 6 PRI AX . 17. 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.26 14. 13.93 4 1 4 6 6.73 122.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 22.

47 None MY.23 Verification Problem No. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the space structure.120 Small .. W.Max (kip-in) 84. GIVEN: E = 30E3 ksi.319 96.” page 146.04 84. REFERENCE: Weaver Jr..04 None MZ. “Computer Programs for Structural Analysis. problem 8.Max (kip-in) 95. AX = 11 in2 IX = 83 in4 IY = 56 in4 IZ = 56 in4 COMPARISON: Solution Reference STAAD Difference FMax (kips) 1.47 1. 10 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum axial force and moment due to load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.

9.10 -0.25 96.00000 0. .00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 3 4 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN 0. 18. 13.78 123.00217 0. 6.97 47. 23. Intl. 8.47 (MEMB 3) * MAX BEND-Y= 84. 17.48119 0. ALL POISS . 19. 20.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -1. 8.00000 0.00000 0. E 30000. MAX BEND-Z= 95.12 -11. 21. 16. IY 56. 3 2 4 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRIS AX 11.22 48. IX 83.00000 0.00016 -0. .22267 0. IZ 56 CONSTANT . 12.Part II – Verification Problems 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.04. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0.90 -0.72 .319 (BOTH MEMB 3) * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 120 0 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00000 -0.00255 -0. 7.00000 0.00213 -0. 22.43 0. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO.MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1.00101 0. * ANSWER . 2. PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.08 -17. 10 * * REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR.00000 0.00802 0. 10.17182 -0. 4. 15.25 ALL SUPPORT 3 4 FIXED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD JOINT LOAD 1 FX 2.43 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 24. STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO.22202 0. 2 FY -1. 2 MZ -120.00000 Z-ROTAN -0. 2 240 120 0 3 0 0 0 . 5. 2 3 1 . 11.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.22 -0.70161 0.00435 0. 14.00000 -0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 3. 4 360 0 120 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 .

43 0.71 -22.04 -53.22 -0.97 -48.71 96.43 0.47 -1.22 -0.KIP INCH (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.69 84.97 -34.37 3 1 2 4 1.78 22.90 -0.02 15.97 17.28 -95.48 -37.10 -1.43 1.22 22.71 -0.18 -36.10 0.36 2 1 3 1 -0.47 -0.32 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 25.25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.43 0.22 -17.12 36.71 -17. FINISH .90 -0.02 37.37 -67.48 0.71 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 26 NOTES .

determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the temperature rise is 10º F. COMPARISON: Stress (σ).1 in2 MODELLING HINT: Assume a large moment of inertia for the horizontal rigid member and distribute of the concentrated load as uniform.. 3rd edition. “Strength of Materials. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. D. αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F AX = 0. page 30. GIVEN: Esteel = 30E6 psi.” Part 1. problem 9. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in temperature. 1956. PROBLEM: Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid. psi Solution Theory STAAD Difference σSteel 19695 19698 Small σCopper 10152 10151 Small . Ecopper = 16E6 psi αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F.. S.27 Verification Problem No. Van Nostrand Co. 11 OBJECTIVE: A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one steel wire.

CONSTANT . 11.4 5 UNI Y -400.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 25. 20.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . 3 10. 9. 5 5. 1 2 3 TEMP 10. PRINT STRESSES 7 . 2. Intl. 17. 4 0.NO. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 8. 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD .NO. 23.Part II – Verification Problems 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 20. 6. 4. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. 14. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. . 3. . 6 10. 13. 0. ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . 20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN. . 1 2 3 SUPPORT . THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . 21. 2 5. 3 ***WARNING . 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. TEMP LOAD . 20. 22. 0.1 . 19. 5. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19700 PSI AND 10200 PSI. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1). 24. 7. 15. MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . 4 5 PRI AX 1.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 5 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 1. PAGE 30. 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0. 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN. 16. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. . PROB 9. IZ 100.NO. 10. E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. 0.2000001E+04 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 18. 12.

00 19698.0 0.8 10150.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.8 0. FINISH .8 T 0.0 0.8 0.3 T 19698.3 0.0 5 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.00 10150.0 0.0 0.29 MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 3.00 10150.8 T 0.8 0.0 1.3 T 0.4 1522.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 1522.0 1.8 10150.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.8 T 10150.0 2 1 .0 3.0 3.8 T 10150.4 0.0 19698.0 10150.0 0.00 0.3 19698.0 0.0 10150.0 3 1 .0 1.0 1.0 0.0 4 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.0 1477.6 1477.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 30 NOTES .

page 10. psi and Deflection (δ). 30° 30° L=180” A=0. S..5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0.12 0. Van Nostrand Co. 3rd edition.5 in2 L=180” A=0.12 None . 1956. “Strength of Materials. problem 2. in. 10000. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses. Inc.” Part 1.. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ).31 Verification Problem No. Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000. None δA 0. 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss. D..5 in2.

00000 0. 13. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT .0 1.00 10000.0 10000. 2 155. 7.0 0. 10.00000 0. 15.00000 0. 16.0 0. Intl.0 0. 17.00000 0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO. 12. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0.0 T 10000.00000 0.00000 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.0 0.00 10000.12000 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 21.0 0.0 T 0. 5.00000 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0. DEFLECTION = 0.0 0. 20. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. .00000 0. PAGE 10 PROB 2.0 2 1 . 2 FY -5000. .0 10000.0 10000.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0.0 0. FINISH .0 0.00000 0.00000 -0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 10000. 19. 9. 3. 11.15 ALL SUPPORT .0 0. 3 311.0 0.0 0.76914 0.0 0. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD .0 0.00000 0.0 T 10000.00000 0.0 BEND-Z 0.Part II – Verification Problems 32 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 8.00000 0. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK .5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0. 2.0 1. 6.00000 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 18. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 1 1 1 0.00000 0.88457 -90. 4. MEMB INCI . 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 T AXIAL BEND-Y 0. 14.

33 .

Part II – Verification Problems 34 .

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