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Sentence Processes v1

Sentence Processes v1

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Published by Simona Leafu

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Published by: Simona Leafu on Sep 12, 2011
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11/28/2012

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As their name suggests, yes/ no questions are those particular questions that
receive a yes/ no answer.

Here are a couple of examples:
(15) Have you read Great Expectations?
(Ai citit Marile Speranţe?)
(16) Did you go to the party?
(Te-ai dus la petrecere?)

Pratice

Activity 5

Form questions and say which of them are Yes/No questions:

1. (you / pick up the children from school) ?
2. ( you / lend me some money) ?
3. (which / you like best) ?
4. (who / talk to last night)?
5. (you / hear from her these days) ?
6. (what time / shops close today) ?
7. (you / keep a secret) ?
8. (when / the accident happen) ?
9. (how long / wait for me?)
10. (what / you do lately) ?

Since questions qualify as non-assertive contexts, one would expect them to
make use of Negative Polarity Items:

Unit three

Questions

53

(17) Did anyone call last night?
(M-a căutat cineva aseară?)
(18) Has the boat left yet?
(A plecat deja vasul?)

Those yes / no questions that prefer to use Affirmative Polarity Items, instead
of Negative Polarity ones, are said to be positively – oriented, that is the
answers to these questions are supposed to be positive:
(19) Did someone call last night?
(M-a căutat cineva aseară?)
Yes, they did.
(Da).
(20) Has the boat left already?
(A plecat deja vasul?)
Yes, it has.
(Da).

A sub-type of yes/ no questions is represented by the so-called declarative
questions
, which are so named because they are not characterized by Subject
Auxiliary Inversion. The declarative question is a type of question which is
identical in form to a statement, except for the final rising question intonation:
(21) You realize what the RISKS are?
(Îţi dai seama de riscuri?)
(22) He didn’t finish the RACE?
(N-a terminat cursa?)

Another sub-type of yes / no questions is supplied by negative questions:
(23) Didn’t you know she was my Mum?
(Nu ştiai că e mama mea?)

Nadina VIŞAN

54

(24) Can’t you be more patient?
(Nu poţi să ai şi tu mai multă răbdare?)
(25) Won’t you tell me who you went out with?
(Nu-mi spui şi mie cu cine te-ai întâlnit?)

Pratice

Activity 6

In the following dialogues, make negative questions using the
words given and decide if the expected response would be Yes or
No, as in the example:
1. A: You’re still in your pyjamas. Aren’t you supposed to be
getting ready?
(supposed to / get ready)
B: No. I’ve still got plenty of time.
2. A: Your mother is shouting for you. ……………? (hear her)
B: …. , but I want to play basketball a little longer.
3. A: You’ve been learning German for years. ……..
…………………. (speak yet)
B: ……., but I’m too shy to try in front of strangers.
4. A: What a lovely hairdo! …………………. (tell me who
does it for you)
B: ….., because you always copy everything I do!
5. A: Why aren’t you coming to the party? …………… (feel
like getting out)
B: ………, but I’ve got to babysit tonight.
6. A: You look down. …………………………………? (enjoy
the film)
B: ………………. It was the kind of film that really
depresses me.
7. A: She had her tenantsevicted. ……………………………..?
(a mean thing to do)

Unit three

Questions

55

B: ………………….. . She’s got a reputation for being
heartless.
8. A: That was a rather tactless thing to say.
……………………(realise she was Ann’s sister?)
B: …………………….. . You could have mentioned it
earlier.

9. A:

There

was

a

terrible

car

crash.

……………………………….? (see it on the news)
B: …………………… . I didn’t get home until late last
night.
10. A: It’s past your bedtime. …………………………? (be in
bed by now)
B: …………………….. . I’m allowed to stay up late at the
weekend.

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