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Pa Tho Physiology of Hodgkin's

Pa Tho Physiology of Hodgkin's

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Published by Ivica Rae

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Published by: Ivica Rae on Sep 12, 2011
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01/07/2013

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Pathophysiology of Hodgkin’s Disease and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Risk Factors: Age Mid 20s and after 50 years old. Underdeveloped countries. EBV Post-Organ Transplant Patients Immunodeficiency diseases Genetic Predisposition EXTERNAL ASSAULT Pathogen causing HD Immunodeficiency Pathogens like HIV First Phase: Proliferation Phase At this phase, the biologic factor multiply as nourished by internal supplements. When they reached enough number to maximally sensitize the immune system they enter the next phase. If not they were suppressed generally by basic immune response IINTERNAL ASSAULT Oncogenic Proliferation Malnutrition INDUCED ASSAULT Organ Transplant Etiology: Unknown

First Phase: Dormant Phase Point at which the genetic predisposition is suppressed by suppressor genes. And balanced is generally attained as well as normal functioning.

First Phase: Point of Compatibility Point at which the organ transplanted matches that of the recipient. Second Phase: Somewhere Phase Point wherein an idiopathic rejection of the organ takes place, and immune response is induced.

Third Phase: Production Phase Point wherein the genes undergo synthesis and reproduction leading to Overt abnormal cell replication Third Phase: Autoimmunity Phase Point at which the selfrecognition fails. Fifth Phase: Alteration Phase This is when the organisms specifically viruses cause a DNA damage which is generally non-repairable due to extent of damage. nutrition or part of time-open system. Fourth Phase: Cellular Damage Point at which the overt self attack lead to generalized cellular damage including g that of the DNA. The damage leads to wrong genetic coding leading to cell mutation Second Phase: Ration Phase This is the point wherein the predisposition is expressed maybe linked to age. Fifth Phase: Expression Phase When the damage is unhealed it then leads to abnormal coding leading to expression of abnormal cells.Second Phase: Migration Phase Point of active infiltration of nutrient-enriched blood vessels. Third Phase: Sensitization Phase Point of active systemic immune response. . Wherein the pathogens were brought to lymphatic system or full sabotage. If not then we enter the next phase. and a generalized immune attack is executed. the microorganism then is obliterated. Fourth Phase: Mutilation Phase Point of thorough immune assault leading to infiltration of cells and tissues. If successful. specifically of the lymphatic system for this disease.

the wrong coding leads to showcase of abnormal cells. At the progression phase of HD there is the production of abnormally enlarged cells known as REED-STERNBERG CELLS. Immunoglobulins mature and thrive in the lymphatic system. . The difference is genetically-linked. While for NHD there is none in particular. Final Phase: Progression Phase This is when the ratio of abnormal cells to normal cells is high enough to impair normal functioning. PROFOUND CANCER MANIFESTATION Characteristic of Lymphatic System leading to signs and symptoms: Cellular configuration of lymph nodes is present to all organs throughout the body leading to extra-lymphatic cancer cell affectation. The lymphatic system serves as drainage of almost all organs except of the CNS.  this is the point wherein the difference between HD and NHD appears.Sixth Phase: Expression Phase At this point.

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. Dyspnea and Chest Pain – decreased oxygen supply due to compression. Intermittent fever – due to hypermetabolic state of cellular proliferation. Cyanosis of head and neck – due to compression of jugular veins and carotid artery. Hepatosplenomegaly – due to cellular infiltration and possible metastasis. General pruritus secondary to jaundice Non-productive cough related to irritation of airways secondary to mediastinal lymph node enlargement.S/Sx: Enlarged Cervical lymph nodes – due to proliferation of abnormal cells. Jaundice – accumulation of bilirubin due to obstruction of bile ducts. Edema – impaired drainage and possible liver affectation.. and ineffective immune function.

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