UMTS: High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) Technology Syed Ismail Shah Iqra University Islamabad, Pakistan.

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Outline
• • • • • Introduction Basics of CDMA UMTS: WDMA Release 99 UMTS: HSDPA Release 5 UMTS: HSUPA Release 6

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Introduction

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• These requirements were that the system should support data rates of: • 2 Mbps in fixed or in-building environments • 384 kbps in pedestrian or urban environments •144 kbps in wide area mobile environments • IMT-2000 is more commonly known as… 3G. 4 .IMT-2000 (3G) • The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) defined the key requirements for International Mobile Telecommunications 2000 (IMT-2000) services.

Migration Path 2000 Japan PDC 2001 2002 2003 W-CDMA Europe GSM HSCSD GPRS EDGE America AMPS/D-AMPS D-AMPS IS-95A 2G System 3G System IS-95B Easy upgrade Upgrade requiring new modulation Upgrade requiring entire new radio system CDMA2000 5 .

Timeline: For UMTS and CDMA2000 6 .

com: (Retired). Above slide: July 31.3gtoday. 2007 .Number of 3G subscribers: 550 Million 7 Source: www.

• “WCDMA” refers to the FDD Physical Layer and the protocols that support it. with chip rate of 3.84 Mcps. • Designed to be deployed under GSM/GPRS network. • “UTRAN” refers to the WCDMA Radio Access network. 8 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview.What is UMTS/WCDMA? • Universal Mobile Telecommunication System/Wideband CDMA is a 3G. • “UMTS” refers to the entire network. QUALCOMM UMTS University. . Direct Sequence CDMA-based Radio Access Network (RAN).

9 .UMTS Releases • Release 99: WCDMA • Release 4: TD-SCDMA • Release 5: HSDPA • Release 6: HSUPA • Combined HSDPA and HSUPA is called HSPA.

.The UMTS Network 10 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. QUALCOMM UMTS University.

UMTS/WCDMA Bandwidth The carrier frequency is designated by the UTRA Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number (UARFCN). where Fcenter = UARFCN * 200 KHz 11 .

UMTS Terminology 12 .

.UMTS Network Topology 13 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. QUALCOMM UMTS University.

Basics of CDMA 14 .

Universal Frequency Reuse Frequency Reuse Factor = 7 for AMPS C C B D C B D A A B D G E G E A F G E F C F B D A G E F Frequency Reuse Factor = 4 for TDMA systems CDMA Universal Frequency Reuse A A A A A A A A A A 15 A A A A A A A A A A A A A .

Universal Frequency Reuse 16 .

Codes in UMTS/WCDMA • OVSF Codes: Orthogonal Codes • Gold Codes: Spreading Codes • DL PSC: 512. SSC: 7680 • UL Scrambling Codes: 16.8 million 17 .

Two binary sequences are orthogonal if the process of “XORing” them results in an equal number of 1s and -1s: Example: -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 Orthogonal Sequences Orthogonal codes in WCDMA are termed orthogonal variable spreading factor (OVSF) codes. 18 .Orthogonal Codes Orthogonal functions have zero correlation.

QUALCOMM UMTS University.User Separation using Orthogonal Codes 19 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. .

.Recovering the user data 20 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. QUALCOMM UMTS University.

QUALCOMM UMTS University. .OVSF Codes 21 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview.

. QUALCOMM UMTS University.OVSF Code Usage 22 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview.

QUALCOMM UMTS University.OVSF Tree 23 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. .

Gold Codes • Gold codes (produced using M-sequences) • M-sequences (maximum length pseudorandom binary sequences) or PN codes 24 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

25 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. QUALCOMM UMTS University. .

They begin at phase 0. with a fixed non-zero seed in the first generator. QUALCOMM UMTS University. • The Uplink Gold code sequences are of length 225-1. • The Downlink Gold code sequences are of length 218-1. go up to phase 38399.Generation of Gold Codes (25-1) • Using two preferred M-sequence generators of degree r. and are repeated. 26 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. .

144. t(n)=1+210=1025 ACF=218=262.=0. Normalized=1.CrossCorrelation of Gold Codes Example: N=18. Normalized Cross corr.0039 27 .

UMTS: WCDMA Release 5 28 .

Generic Physical Layer Procedures 29 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

Spreading and Scrambling (DL) 30 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

. QUALCOMM UMTS University.Spreading and Scrambling (UL) 31 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview.

Scrambling Codes 32 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

QUALCOMM UMTS University.UMTS Channels 33 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. .

.Soft Handover 34 Reference: WCDMA(UMTS) Overview. QUALCOMM UMTS University.

High Speed Packet Access (HSDPA): Release 5 35 .

Evolution of 3G 36 .

Evolution of 3G: Data Rates 37 .

Packet Data in Release 99 38 .

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Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer, QUALCOMM UMTS University.

HSDPA Basic Concepts
How does HSDPA address the limitations of Release 99? • Adaptive modulation and coding – Fast feedback of channel condition – QPSK and 16-QAM – Coding from R=1/3 to R=1 • Multi-Code operation – Multiple codes allocated per user – Fixed spreading factor • Node B scheduling – Physical Layer HARQ
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Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer, QUALCOMM UMTS University.

The New Data Channel

High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel (HS-PDSCH)
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Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer, QUALCOMM UMTS University.

QUALCOMM UMTS University. .HS-PDSCH 42 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

. QUALCOMM UMTS University.Adaptive Modulation and Coding 43 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

Link Adaptation Versus Power Control 44 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

Additional Redundant Information sent at each retransmission 45 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer.Hybrid ARQ (HARQ) • Scheme combining ARQ and Forward Error Correction • FEC decoding based on all unsuccessful transmissions • Stop-and-Wait (SAW) protocol • Two basic schemes: – Chase Combining -Same data block is sent at each retransmission – Incremental Redundancy (IR) . QUALCOMM UMTS University. .

. QUALCOMM UMTS University.HARQ Example 46 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

Comparison Summary 47 .

Network Architecture with HSDPA 48 .

HSDPA Channels Transport Channel • High Speed Downlink Shared Channel (HS-DSCH) – Downlink Transport Channel Physical Channels • High Speed Shared Control Channel (HS-SCCH) – Downlink Control Channel • High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel (HS-PDSCH) – Downlink Data Channel • High Speed Dedicated Physical Control Channel (HS-DPCCH) – Uplink Control Channel 49 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

HSDPA Channels 50 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer. QUALCOMM UMTS University. .

.HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH Spreading and Modulation 51 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer. QUALCOMM UMTS University.

QUALCOMM UMTS University.HSDPA Operation 52 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer. .

HSDPA Operation: Timeline 53 .

HS-PDSCH 54 .

HS-PDCCH 55 .

HS-SCCH 56 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

HSDPA Data Rate 57 .

HSDPA Data Rate 58 .

Theoretical HSDPA Data Rate 59 .

Use of Multiple Codes 60 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer. QUALCOMM UMTS University. .

Consecutive Assignment 61 .

2Mbps X 2 = 14.4 Mbps 62 .Code Puncturing and use of QAM Going from QPSK to 16-QAM: 7.

Review 63 .

QUALCOMM UMTS University. .OVSF Allocation 64 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSDPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA): Release 7 65 .

Release 99 Uplink Packet Data 66 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

Release 99 Uplink Limitations 67 .

High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSPA) Enhanced Dedicated Physical Data Channel (E-DPDCH) 68 .

HSUPA vs. . QUALCOMM UMTS University. HSDPA 69 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

QUALCOMM UMTS University. .Rise-Over-Thermal Noise 70 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

. QUALCOMM UMTS University.Node B Scheduler for HSUPA 71 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

Rise-Over-Thermal Loading 72 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. QUALCOMM UMTS University. .

QUALCOMM UMTS University. .HSUPA Channel Operation 73 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

HSUPA Channel Operation Contd. QUALCOMM UMTS University. 74 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. .

GRANT: E-AGCH (Absolute Grant CH) 75 .HSUPA Channel Operation Contd.

Control: DPCCH 76 .HSUPA Channel Operation Contd. Data: E-DPDCH.

ACK/NAK: E-HICH (Enhanced Hybrid ARQ Indicator Channel) 77 .HSUPA Channel Operation Contd.

HSUPA Uplink Channels 78 .

79 .HSUPA Uplink Channels Contd.

QUALCOMM UMTS University. .Uplink Channels 80 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

QUALCOMM UMTS University.Downlink Channels 81 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. .

HSUPA Channel Timing 82 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

QUALCOMM UMTS University. .HSUPA Channel Mapping 83 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer.

UMTS Network Architecture with HSUPA 84 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. QUALCOMM UMTS University. .

Theoretical HSUPA Maximum Data Rate 85 .

E-DPDCH with SF4 and Puncturing 86 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. . QUALCOMM UMTS University.

Lower Spreading Factor SF2 Maximum payload for spreading factor of 2. TTI of 2 ms and coding rate of 1 is 3840 bits (for 1920 kpbs). . 87 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. QUALCOMM UMTS University.

.Multi-code Transmission 88 Reference: WCDMA (UMTS) HSUPA Protocols and Physical Layer. QUALCOMM UMTS University.

Timeline: For UMTS and CDMA2000 89 .

g. – Data Rates now close to 73 Mbps (in 20 MHz of spectrum) – Versions: IEEE 802.5.5. (suspended but being developed under the name of EVDO Rev C: UMB) 90 . 3. i. j and k – Uses OFDM • IEEE 802. h.16f.20: Mobile Broadband Wireless Access (MBWA) (Fast Low-latency Access with Seamless Handoff ) FLASH-OFDM. or 5.Other Standards • Worlwide Interoperability Microwave Access (WiMax) – Operate in the 2.8 GHz bands.16d and e with amendments like: 802.

Active amendments: •802.16 standard An amendment to the standard.16i .16e addressing mobility. after th WiMAX forum for interoperability.16 91 .Bridging Ref: http://www.com/browse/wiki/IEEE_802.Management Plane Procedures and Services Amendments at pre-draft stage: •802.reference. This is sometimes called “Mobile WiMAX”.16f – Management Information Base Amendments in development: •802.16g .16k . IEEE 802.Amendments to the IEEE 802.Mobile Multihop Relay •802. was concluded in 2005.Mobile Management Information Base •802.Improved Coexistence Mechanisms for License-Exempt Operation •802.16j .16h .

Cellular Technology Roadmap 92 .

Issues Why are new services/mobile content required? Tough competition Low ARPU No differentiation in Service Offerings Problem: What services will differentiate one operator from the other? How would these services be delivered? 93 .

Technologies
2G: Mainly Voice & SMS 2.5G: Limited Data Capability 3G and Beyond: High Speed Data coupled with data centric applications and services

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Services Continue to Evolve With Enriched User Experiences

Mobile TV Mobile Commerce 3D Gaming

Voice

Wallpaper

2D Gaming

Location Based Services

Services Evolution
Text Messaging Ringtones

Paul, How did the meetin g go?
Send Options

MMS

Music & Video on Demand

Blogging Social Networking RSS Feeds & Tagging

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References
1) WCDMA(UMTS) Overview, QUALCOMM UMTS University. 2) WCDMA for UMTS: Radio Access for Third Generation Mobile Communications, H. Holma and A. Toskla, Second Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2002. 3) Scrambling Techniques for CDMA Communications, B. G. Lee and B. Kim, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. 4) HSDPA: Protocol and Physical Layer, Qualcomm UMTS University. 5) HSUPA:Protocol and Physical Layer, Qualcomm UMTS University. 6) HSDPA/HSUPA for UMTS, Ed. Holma and A. Toskla, Second Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2006.
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com 97 .pk OR syedismailshah@gmail.edu.THANK YOU E-mail: ismail@iqraisb.

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