Special trays and Record bases in complete dentures.

INTRODUCTION IMPRESSION TRAYSA receptacle or device used to carry the impression material to the mouth, confine the material in apposition to the surfaces to be recorded and control the impression material while it sets to form the impression. Special trays are also known as: CUSTOM TRAYS/INDIVIDUALIZED TRAYS/TAILOR MADE TRAYS. It is defined as correctly fitting tray made on preliminary cast. Its main use is to make secondary or final impression of the jaw. REQUIREMENTS OF SPECIAL TRAYS o Must be strong & rigid. o Must have smooth & round borders. o Must have provision to retain the impression on its surface. o Its handle must be firmly attached & conveniently placed. o Must not distort during & after impression is made. o Flanges of the tray must not be adopted into undercuts. o Posterior borders of maxillary tray must be 1/8 of an inch beyond the junction of hard & soft palate. And posterior border of mandibular tray must cover the retromolar pad. o Borders must not impinge on the muscle attachment & should have proper relief for frenal attachments. o Borders of tray should be little short of the peripheral outlines. o Borders must never be overextended. TYPES OF SPECIAL TRAYS A: • CLOSE FITTING SPECIAL TRAYThis tray has not much room for impression material. The impression materiel is in thin layer as in wash impression.ZOE paste gives such impression due to thin consistency. • SPACER SPECIAL TRAY OR LOOSE FITTING SPECIAL TRAYThese trays have space for thicker consistency impression material like alginate & thick consistency ZOE paste.

HEAT CURED THERMO-PLASTIC RESIN SHEET METALLIC • • SOFT ALLOY OF TIN & LEAD PLUMBERS SOLDERS SPACER o Modelling waxOne sheet thick for thick consistency ZOE paste impression. Two sheet thickness for alginate impression o Piece of thick canvas HANDLE o Same material as the tray o Metal wire TO RETAIN THE IMPRESSION MATERIAL IN THE TRAY o Perforations o Special adhesive solutions o Cotton wool threads spread over the surface of tray & fixed with sticky wax at 3 to 4 points. SELF CURED 2. SHELLAC SPECIAL TRAY Double thickness shellac baseplate material is essential for fabricating an impression tray. .B: MATERIALS FOR MAKING SPECIAL TRAY • NON METALLIC • • • • • • • SHELLAC BASE PLATE NON BRITTLE IMPRESSION COMPOUND ACRYLIC RESIN 1.

WETTING CAST BEFORE HEATING SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL AND PROBLEM WARPING OF IMPRESSION TRAY AND FAILURE TO LIFT CAST IMPRESSION TRAY TOO FLEXIBLE TRAY STUCK TO CAST. Block out severe undercuts with a wet sheet of non asbestos casting ring lining material. Fold excess material at borders onto itself. SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL NOT RIGID ENOUGH . . Disadvantage • Lack of dimensional stability. PROBABLE CAUSE SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL WARPED DURING COOLING. Form a handle from scrap shellac baseplate material. Continue adaptation until shellac makes intimate contact with the cast. TYPES OF SHELLAC • • Plain Alluminium filled TECHNIQUE • • • • • • • Make an outline of the impression tray on the cast. AND ANTERIOR RIDGE ON MANDIBULAR CAST FLAT. USING DOUBLE THICKNESS SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL AND REINFORCING ANTERIOR RIDGE REGION WITH WIRE. Centre a sheet of double thickness shellac baseplate material over the cast and wilt it onto the cast with flame. warm it and adapt it to the impression tray. Provide relief as required. Allow tray to cool. especially during application of heat when border moulding the tray. SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL OVERHEATED DURING ADAPTION. then remove it and trim the border outline.Advantage • Rapidity with which the shellac baseplate material can be adapted to the cast and the tray fabricated. SOLUTION READAPTING SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL.

Posterior border should be 2mm distal to the fovea palatina. Cure the tray under an inverted plaster bowl to reduce the porosity. The borders of the tray are kept shorter of the vestibular reflections of the cast. o Areas that require relief should be provided by adapting a special tray wax 1mm thick over the areas. Mix more resin in a paper cup and when it is in dough stage.1964). TECHNIQUE • • • • • • • • Make an outline of the impression tray on the cast. . Block out severe undercuts and adapt baseplate wax for relief Apply tinfoil substitute onto the stone cast and relief wax Sift powdered polymer onto the cast and relief wax. Continue applying powder and liquid until there is uniform thickness of 2mm. form handles and adapt them to the impression tray. ACRYLIC RESIN SPECIAL TRAY • ADVANTAGES • • • More rigid & strong Unbreakable Do not distort METHODS TO PREPARE ACRYLIC RESIN SPECIAL TRAY • • Finger adapted dough method Sprinkle on method Sprinkle on method o Most commonly used method for constructing acrylic resin special tray (McCracken.NOT OVERHEATING AND CHARRING SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL. and saturate it with liquid monomer.

. After setting. 1958 suggested one handle in the anterior portion of tray. remove tray from cast and trim it. POOLING OF RESIN IN PALATE REGION UNDERCUTS NOT IDENTIFY THE BLOKED OUT TINFOIL UNDERCUTS AND BLOCK SUBSTITUTE THEM. Horizontal grooves can be placed in the facial and lingual surfaces of the handle to enhance grip. Handles should be 3-4mm thick. 8mm high. ON AND RESULTANT THIN PALATE WITH BUR .CHECK THICKNESS OF RESIN WITH PERIODONTAL PROBE RESIN FLOW NOT TILT CAST WHILE SIFTING CONTROLLED BY TILTING RESIN TO MINIMIZE CAST DURING SPRINKLE POOLING. PROBLEM ENTIRE IMPRESSION TRAY TOO THICK PROBABLE CAUSE TOO MUCH RESIN BUILD UP ON CAST FROM TOO GENEROUS APPLICATION OF POWDER AND LIQUID IMPRESSION TRAY TOO THIN OVER RIDGES AND TOO THICK IN PALATE IMPRESSION TRAY OR CAST BROKEN DURING SEPARATION IMPRESSION TRAY TOO FLEXIBLE SOLUTION CONTROL APPLICATION OF POWDER AND LIQUID TO CREATE UNIFORM LAYER APPROXIMATELY 2MM THICK. 1959 suggested three handles or finger rests for mandibular impression trays.Dresen. TECHNIQUE • Make an outline of the impression tray on the cast. Position the handles in the first molar region and anterior region of tray. Merkeley. Adapt the resin dough to the approximate size of handle and wet the tray at the point of attachment with liquid acrylic monomer to facilitate chemical bonding. RIGDE ON LOWER CAST FLAT FINGER ADAPTED DOUGH METHOD o This method is quick and the resultant impression trays fit well and have acceptable dimensional stability. CONTAMINATED OR NOT PAINT TINFOIL USED SUBSTITUE ON CAST IMPRESSION TRAY TOO USE PROPER POWDER THIN OR ANTERIOR LIQUID RATIO. Handles on the impression tray should approximate the position of the teeth on the finished denture. Polish the rough areas that can cause discomfort to the patient. It is used extensively for making resin special trays.

SOLUTION EXERCISE CARE WHEN ADAPTING RESIN TO CAST. Polish the rough areas that can cause discomfort to the patient. Apply tinfoil substitute onto the stone cast and relief wax. remove tray from cast and trim it. Cure tray under an inverted plaster bowl.PARTICULARLY OVER RIDGES AND TEETH.DO NOT WAIT UNTILL RESIN IS RUBBERY CONTINUE ADAPTATION UNTILL RESIN BEGINS TO SET TO PREVENT REBOUND FAILURE OF TRAY TO FIT CAST. FINGER ADAPTATION DISCONTINUED TOO SOON. Proportion the powder liquid ratio and mix in a paper cup From that excess material handles can be made. thereby providing tissue stops. Removal of 4mm squares of relief wax will expose the cast.• • • • • • • Block out severe undercuts and adapt baseplate wax for relief. USE ROLLER TO MAKE SHEET OF RESIN OF PROPER THICKNESS START ADAPTATION WHEN RESIN IS IN DOUGH STAGE. TRAY THICK IN SOME AREAS AND THIN IN OTHER AREAS. EXERCISE CARE DURING ADAPTATION TO AVOID EXERTING TOO MUCH PRESSURE ON RESIN OVER CONVEX PORTIONS OF CAST. TRAY OR CAST BROKEN DURING REMOVAL OF TRAY FROM CAST IMPRESSION TRAY TOO THIN IN SOME AREAS AND TOO THICK IN OTHERS. PROBLEM PROBABLE CAUSE RESIN OVERTHINNED OVER CONVEX AREAS OF CAST BY TOO MUCH FINGER PRESSURE. After setting .AND UNDERCUTS ELSEWHERE ON CAST NOT BLOCKED OUT. COAT THE CAST WITH UNCONTAMINATED TINFOIL SUBSTITUTE. TINFOIL SUBSTITUTE CONTAMINATED OR NOT USED. RESIN PAST DOUGH STAGE BEFORE START OF FINGER ADAPTATION AND ADAPTATION INACCURATE. TEETH ON CAST NOT BLOCKED OUT ADEQUATELY . . RESIN NOT ROLLED TO UNIFORM THICKNESS PRIOR TO ADAPTATION .USE ONLY ENOUGH PRESSURE TO ACHIEVE ADAPTION. IMPRESSION TRAY MATERIAL OVERTHINNED BY FINGER PRESSURE OVER RESIDUAL RIDGES AND ALLOWED TO BECOME TOO THICK IN CONCAVE AREAS.

but requires special equipment for adapting the resin sheet on the cast. PROBLEM CAST OR TRAY BROKEN ON SEPARATION. TINFOIL SUBSTITUTE NOT USED.BLOCK THEM OUT. Trim the borders and add handles made of autopolymerizing acrylic resin. UNDERCUTS NOT BLOCKED OUT. Block out severe undercuts with a material that will not melt when heated such as a wet sheet of non asbestos casting ring lining material. MAKE CERTAIN THE RECOMMENDED AMOUT OF TRAY NOT ADAPTED TO CAST IN SOME AREAS. o These are available in a variety of colours & thicknesses as well as different degrees of flexibility. SOLUTION EXAMINE CAST CAREFULLY TO IDENTIFY UNDERCUTS. After adaptation is complete.IMPRESSION TRAY OR CAST BROKEN ON SEPARATION. TECHNIQUE • • • • • • • • • Make an outline of the impression tray on the cast. and then remove it from the vacuum unit. Centre the cast on vacuum adapter plate Place a sheet of resin and rotate the heating unit into position. VACUUM ADAPTED METHOD This method is quick and easy. BLOCK OUT UNDERCUTS PAINT CAST WITH TINFOIL SUBSTITUTE. Trim the excess material and remove tray from cast. o Vacuum adapted method is used to prepare these trays. allow the resin sheet to cool. and start vacuum adaptation. TRAY MATERIAL NOT HEATED SUFFICIENTLY . Thermoplastic resin Special trays o Thermoplastic resin sheets can make good impression trays. Continue heating until the material starts to sag Lower the frame and resin sheet onto the cast. PROBABLE CAUSE UNDERCUTS OR TEETH ON CAST NOT BLOCKED OUT . CONTINUE ADAPTATION UNTILLS RESIN SETS.

SAG OCCURS IN TRAY RESIN BEFORE ACTIVATING VACCUM. USE THICKER STOCK MATERIAL. IMPRESSION TRAY TOO FLEXIBLE. TRAY TOO FLEXIBLE. BENEFITS OF MAKING SPECIAL TRAYS o A tray of even thickness can be made o Even support of the impression material o Control over the flow of the material o Reduced discomfort for the patient o Economic use of impression material .REINFORCE IT WITH WIRE IDENTIFY AND BLOCKOUT UNDER CUTS BEFORE ADAPTATION.BEFORE VACCUM ADAPTATION STARTED. USE TRAY WEIGHT RESIN SHEET FOR ADEQUATE RIGIDITY. STOCK MATERIAL IS TOO THIN IMPRESSION MATERIAL TOO THIN. UNDERCUTS NOT BLOCKED OUT. CAST OR TRAY BROKEN DURING SEPARATION.

The baseplate should adapt to the basal seat area as the finished denture base. REQUIREMENTS FOR BASEPLATES ELDER(1955) gave the following requirements for base plates1. easily. The baseplates should be sufficiently rigid to resist biting force. 7. and inexpensively. The baseplate as constructed should permit its use as a base for setting up teeth. It should be possible to construct baseplates quickly. 3. PURPOSES OF BASEPLATES o To act as carriers for occlussal rims on which jaw relations are recorded.RECORD BASES o Also known as BASEPLATE TEMPORARY BASE TRIAL BASE o A temporary form representing the base of a denture. o To hold the teeth in the wax set up far the try-in stage. The baseplate should have same border form as the finished denture base. Baseplate should have no undesirable colour. 4. BASEPLATE MATERIALS • • • • • • AUTOPOLY-MERIZING RESINS SHELLAC BASEPLATE MATERIAL THERMO-PLASTIC RESINS HEAT CURING RESINS BASEPLATE WAX METAL . 6. o To check the accuracy of the prviously recorded rocords. 2. The baseplate should be dimensionally stable 5.

. They areo o Serviceable Economical METHODS FOR CONSTRUCTING AUTOPOLYMERIZING RESIN SHEETS • • • SPRINKLE ON METHOD FINGER ADAPTED DOUGH METHD CONFINED DOUGH METHODS 1. WAX CONFINED METHOD SPRINKLE ON METHOD TECHNIQUE • • • • • • • Examine the cast & block-out severe undercuts with baseplate wax & others with self curing autopolymerizing resin. Paint tinfoil substitute on the wet cast. Cure the baseplate under an inverted plastic bowl or in a pressure pot under warm water for 20mins at 20 psi. Sift the conventional autopolymerizing resin powder on the cast & soft curing resin. STONE MOLD METHOND 2. Make it to the desired thickness of 2 mm. Tilt the cast laterally while applying the resin to prevent pooling the liquid & powder in the palate of maxillary cast which can cause an excessively thick palate.AUTOPOLYMERIZING RESIN BASEPLATES Autopolymerizing resins (cold cure or self curing) require an activator & a catalyst for polymerization & no external heat. Examine the cured baseplate on the cast to evaluate its adaptation. & saturate it with the liquid.

form the resin into a roll. Improper ratio Baseplate removed too soon (polymerization not complete) Some areas allowed to dry when resin is applied on cast. Coating the cast before adding resin. Smooth the borders and any dough space on the borders. Cast not coated with uncontaminated tin foil substitute Block out undercuts with wax. Cast chipped or broken during removal Both cast and baseplate broken during removal. Apply tinfoil substitute to the cast. Place the baseplate on the cast under the plaster bowl or in a pressure pot. When the mixture is in dough stage.• • Trim the resin flash around the borders. Baseplate broken during removal. After curing. does not spring away or rebound. Using proper powder liquid ratio Allow adequate time for baseplate set. being well adapted to the cast. Porous baseplate Failure of baseplate to fit the cast FINGER ADAPTED DOUGH METHOD TECHNIQUE • • • • • • • Examine the cast and identify the undercuts and block them. PROBLEM PROBABLE CAUSE SOLUTION Baseplate unable to remove from cast.use slow speeds Store in water. Completed baseplate too flexible Undercuts not properly blocked out. . Keep all areas moist with monomer to prevent drying when applying resin. Adequately cure resin before removing Donot overpolish…. and adapt it to the cast. Continue finger adaptation until the resin. Baseplate removed before poly merisation Baseplate heated by grinding and polishing Baseplated stored in dry environment. remove the baseplate from the cast. trim it and smooth it. Proportion and mix the resin powder and liquid.

Convex areas too thin as a result of finger pressure. SOLUTION Adapt in dough stage Adapts untill it no longer springs from the cast. Resin not rolled to desired thickness before applying on cast. CONFINED DOUGH METHODS Elder(1955)-applied pressure with modelling plastic.• Replace the baseplate on the cast. PROBABLE CAUSE Resin beyond dough stage. Assadzadik and yarmond(1975)-made a stone index to mold the base plate. ADVANTAGES • • • Offers excellent control over thickness Reduces finishing time Minimal porosities DISADVANTAGES • • More time required to make the mold Tendency to form voids in baseplate . Do not applying too much presssure in covex areas Roll the resin uniformly. Baseplate too thin ir thick in some areas. PROBLEM Failure of baseplate to fit the cast. Lavere and freda(1974)-confined the resin with wax. and evaluate the adaptation and border thickness. Discontinuing finger adaptation too early.