i~1999 CE Biology Paper 1 Marking Scheme

Marks
of chromosomes comes from cell A :

1.(a)

(i)

which because C Cell

is its body contains nucleus a diploid chromnsnmcs a I diploid I cell set

1+
I

-/', ,~

(ii)

of the cytoplasm Because the cytoplasm cell of I without is Conned by repeated of C cell 0 cell enlargement

divisions

,

...I
(iii) Sheep X
Because which the is derived body characteristics and from identical of Dolly to that is determined in the body bycell its ofgenetic sheep material, X...

I

+
I

(iv) No """""""""'" becausedIe processdoes not involve dIe fertilization of gametes..

+
Total: 10marks

1.(b) (i)

During the fitness test, the heart beatsrapidly to supply more blood to the skeletal muscle .This provides an.abundantsupply of food and oxygen to the muscles so that a large amount of energy can be releasedin respiration '.". for the vigorous contraction of the skeletalmuscles At the same time, more blood supply to the musclesalso helps to remove rapidly thecarlJondioxide/heat roducedb the muscles ; EffeClhie communication (C)
" ..-

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

'::1~
..

-.11

c.' ) P

Becausecartenergy demand of Peterand David was the same for the fitness test eter s hthe ;;; ;;

'

and Peter's heart could supply the same amountof blood/oxygen to the skeletal muscle :

1

ata 10~j~~~.:.~.:..~~..~...~
(iii) (1) 'glucOse ~
(2)

~!.~~:..:~...~..~.:::

:

I
1

J la'Cticacid
1 1 Total: 12+ I"marks

To provide additional energyto the skeletalmuscle cells so that the skeletal muscle can contractmore vi2orousl):

.(c) (i)

Gelatin in jelly solution B was digested/ disappeared/ lost its effect due to the presenceoffresh pineapplejuice Gelatin was present in solution C,butnot in solution B -This suggeststhat the pineapplejuice containsprotease / enzyme that digests protein or gelatin The enzyme is denatured / inactivated at high temperature I Effective communication (C) (acceptalternative answerssuggestingthat pineapplejuice contains a heat-sensitivesubstancethat acts on gelatin)
--

I

(ii)

1 1 1 1 I .'

(iii)

Allowing which Beefcontains is

digested beef the protein and the pineapple by protease

mixture in the

pineapple to stand

juice for

half

an

hour

will

give

enough

time

for

the

enzyme

to

work

Total: 8 + 1 marks 99-CE-BIO1- 9

.,,' :vr,

-:J;?TT ~""..R"~IX'BU -?(j'-;:r-':;r""),\::4:'-i~ ::r ..~',,~_.~::-;.,:';.:~:::~:.ONLY ~ OS '"\-PORA'IEACIIFRS" USE

1999 CE Biology Paper 1 Marking Scheme 2.(a) (i) (I) (2) massdecreases 2.4 g..,. by massdecreases 0.6 g by

';'\';'f'::~ ;";.,j', :i

'.. .,'~; :'.. 'Marks

Q1-f.'l

"""~.'.

"...

I

(ii)
OR

To on

the study.

rate

the of

e~ect transpiration

~f

d~.ect

of illumination the

leaf

on

~e

lo~er

or

upper

epidenn!~

...r1l

...~
To compare when the lower the epidermis rate of transpiration is illuminated of theby leaf the spotlight with that when the

I

any one
set

upper

epidermis

is illuminated

-the spotlight, I is greater rate in than treatment that in I is treatment higher... II, epidermis in treatment I is higher than that in

(iii)

Due The

thus

decrease to

indicating direct

illumination in mass that

in the

treatment transpiration by

the

temperature

of

the

lower

This Water

treatment leads vapour

to

II faster diffilses

evaporation out

more

ofrapidly

water

through

the '..

stomata

,

Thus

the

transpiration

rate

is

higher

in

treatment

I.

OR
Due to direct of the illumination lower by epidermis the diffusion the spotlight, open of more water widely vapour in is treatment greater 1 than "."".".""""".'. stomata

any one
set

The in surface treatment

area 11 for

so Thus that

diffilsion the transpiration water of

rate vapour is

higher becomes in

treatment faster

1.

-.11

(iv)

Peeloff the upper and lower epidennis """'"

rtl

OR

LJ any
one

=:~::::

~e::~:~~~:~~; ~~.~~i~~~d.&~~d;.;i~~~~id';;';;i;;';;i;':::::::.'m set
Total: II marks

2.(b) (i)

Bile produced in the liver cannot be stored in A When food entersthe duodenum,insufficient amount of bile is released .'."'..'..'."'.' for emulsif}'ing fats in the food Thus the surface area for the action of Ii asedecreases '.' Effective communication (C) When pan of structure D is removed,digestionand absorptionof food is reduced Energy intake becomesless than the energyexpenditure in the body This may lead to the use / mobilization of fat / food reservesstored in the body...

I 1 I 1 1 1 1 1

(ii)

(iii) (I)
(2)

*insulin
as cannot It blood glucose regulate would blood the not be convertedlevel glucose into glycogen in the cells orB ..

...I,..
I

Total: 10 + 1 marks
99-CE-BIO 1 -10

...1

,,1999 CE Biology Paper 1 Marking Scheme 2.(c) (i)

.;".I...~ :';' -!',

;"

,;,;.",.;1 ~

Marks 1 I 1 1 1 1 I I 1 I

On Day I, the air temperaturewas higher than the body temperature , Heat from the body could not be lost to the environmentby conduction, convection ~~

.and radiation ; , , '..:; i...; HOwc-ver:he -could loselieatihrough the'iv.aPorado~~fswea-t-.-::~ -_.whichabsorbsheatfromthebod surface;-;-;-:.,.-;;-; ,-;;.;,;;-.-;-..; ;, Effective communication (C) (ii)

Vigorous exercisewould lead to the generationof large amountof heat in the body As sweatcould not evaporateefficiently at the higher relative humidity on Day 2, ., less heatwas lost from the body through sweating , As a result, the body temperaturewould rise steadily and this would lead to the breaking down of normal metabolism/ enzymatic action

Total: 9 + 1 marks

I

~:!.

".~"I;';

Z"

T'
T

(I
;!':::d

~

P-

--.

~y
1999CE Biology Paper 1 Marking Scheme 3.(a) (i)
"'-.' -, ",:..1 !~) ,--,'!

91 -f. f
Marks

Dry massof the algae is the massof the algae in which all the water has been

removed
(ii)

:.:

:
'.." 1 ,.. 1 1 1 I 1
1

The dry massof the algae at hour 24 was greaterthan that at hour 0 becausethe algae have carried out photosynthesisin the 24 hours... to make carbohydrates/ organic compounds ..,.,."".,., ,., And the rate of hotos nthesisis reaterthan the rate of res iration of the al ae Effective communication (C) (1) (2) The algae grow faster when they are supplied with exhaustgas
so The that exhaust the algae gas is rich can carryin carbon photosynthesis out dioxide at a higher ".",rate..,

(iii)

(iv) The carbondioxide output to air is reduced 1 leading to a decreasein the greenhouse effect which is causedby carbon dioxide 1 Thus it helps to slow down I prevent global warming ".'.'.. 1 Total: II + I marks
3.Cb) (i)

.,.-

c )

.. (2) II (I) ..',~

12 .o..o

o.o.:

~

~

~

'.'

"::
,

'.'.."'...'.

I

10-s _10o2ppm; I()o. ppm ppm, 10~ ppm,10-):"."...i ppm

;

.'

,

;.;.;;..~ :;~.._;..:,_.,;'

I

_Deduct 1. mark once ifno unit is given(iii) (I)' Becausecells in-region A are capableof rapid growth while cells in

regionB arenot
..:.. ~ (2) Th.emarkingsonregionAwouldbefurthera~.: Mark After a few whole the days, length compare of the the root distancewith lines between at reg~ the

:
markings inte~als ~.:!~

:::
I

any
OR.usingsect!ons Repeat the experiment from region B :: '.~.: ' ' . ~'.

one

set

These

sections

would

show

little

elonga.~on

~

~.~~~.

(iv)

The This

root is whereas

would because on growth

bend the the

towards auxin

the concentration

side

with on 0 is ppm inhibited

auxins this side

.: is

:..: about 10.~

;' ppm

~::.~:

1

other of.ro~.t

side on,~!s (C)

is

about side

I while the other side is not I 1 I

I I

~~s Effective

$e

communIcation

Total:

10

+

1

marks

3.(c) (i)

The muscular wall of the uterus contracts rhythmically and powerfully to push~he baby out of the uterus : :

~ : :

,

I 1 1 I I 1
I

(ii)

Perio~ X : Ovulation occurred around period X thus fertilization might occur after sexualintercourse ::... ..:,'.. .:., Besides,around this period, the uterine lining is ready for the implantation
oftheem~ryo:.~..: ~~ ~ ' ~:,: ~ ~.: ~..

(iii) The day of ovulation may vary from cycle to cycle The duration of the menstrualcycle ora wom~...;-;:-.:'~~;:-:::":-:;-:::-~~;;;)ll " heL'Ii.Ji;" ...,...,
Ki,'~,~.\"~-'-

~
,
\

1

\ .
Tota.1.I marlGs .9
...
I

(.; lell

_I

n.

...l>, k;\ (J"8 Pu L'

..'.

to ~e- '-';:1 -:!t- fie.

1999CE Biology Paper 1 Marking Scheme
',:: ,.."; '. :I;j .,:;:; .;,. '."';1 ,~:

Marks
.

a,1-fr

4.(a) (i)

(I)
(2)

A and B """"""""""""""
A is the .semi-circular B is the .cochlea canals

'."...'

".'.:'..~:~:;

~

I orO
I

It servesto detectthe direction of head movement It servesto detectsound vibrations (ii) On reachingthe 50th floor, the air pressureon the two sides of the eardrum

I
I

I

became unequal Theeardrum pressed was outwards

:

:

I I
I
I I

Thus it could not vibrate freely in response sound vibrations to
(iii) have spread along in Eustachian Pathogens / genns the the throat tube to the middle ear ,

Total: 10 marks 4.(b) (i) The mealworn1S take in oxygen during respiration Any carbondioxide produced by the mealwonns is absorbed by the soda lime This lcads to a drop in air pressureinsidethe syringe ".,. ., , and the water droplet will be drawndownwards Thus the rate of movementof the water dro let indicatesthe rate of res iration
(C)

1 I ) I
1

." --Effectivecommunlcatlon

(ii)

(1)

The rate ofrespiration9fmeaJworms increaseswith an increasc.intemperature...1 ,,from 20°C to 50°C ~ )

(2)

-"

With an increasein the externaltemperature, the body tempciraturcofmcalworn1S rises ; ~:.; Thus the enzymatic activity of the wonns increases...: ;.: This lcads to an increasein the metabolic rate/body activities/energydemand thus the respirationrate of the mealwonnsrises

I 1 )

(iii)

To allow time for the air temperatureinside the syringe to become equal to the --temperature of the water bath I and the respiratoryrate of the mealwormsto becomeadjustedto the new temperature..1 Total: 11 +1 marks

4.(c) (i)

During the daytime, the rate of photosynthesis the algae exceedsthat of respiration ..1 of Thus the fish can have sufficient oxygen for respiration I At night, the large population of algaeundergo respiration only I The dissolved oxygen content in seawater greatly reduced is I
Thus the fish die of suffocation , 1

Effective communication (C) (ii) A large marine fish eats~ small fish, which in turn eat a 13[2e Quantitvof microscopic algae Since the toxins cannotbe broken down or excretedby the fish the toxins of the microscopic algae arepassedalong the food chain to the large fISh and accumulateto a higher concentrationin the tissue of large fish

1

1 1 1 1 .

Total: 9 +1 marks

99oCE-BIO 1 -13

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