------

-------

) . JUN. 2mB

15:~~i~IEi~E~~'
Biology Paper) Marking Scheme

+852.2t'~~7f1:ACHERS' USE

£fNty
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F'.l

2003

Cll;

Marks 1 ,
J

L (a) (i).

Concentration of carbon dioxide ; ~: : ,............. . Because the breathing rate increases ( changes with the concentration of carbon dioxide while it remains the same regardless of the change in oxygen concentration ', S , ·•·· .. ···.· ·

" ... 1 1 , , ,., . '" .

(ii) (iii)

Exhaled air still contains 16% oxygen , , When blown into the patient's lungs, the oxygen can be supplied to the body cells for respiration
(1)

(iv)
(v)

(2)

To ensure the entrance oftt.!': trachea is clear / free from obstructions To ensure that air is blown lito the lun,;cs."" _ , , " -"

,., ,,,

medulla

Total : 9 marks
l.(b) (i)

(1)

The water potential of the red blood cells was higher than that of me surrounding solution Water moved out of the cells __ " " , " As a result, me cellsshrank and became wrinkled "

.

.. .

(2)
(ii)

Because the water potential of some red blood cells was higher than, while that of others was equal to !lower than the water potential of the surrounding solution .. , " .. "". . .
,

Observe the red bloodcells again after some time .. " _ " The proportion of the two forms should remain the same if they had reached equilibrium in the previous observation "
The water potential of the red blood cells was lever than that of the su.c"Touncling solution .. ,., Water entered the cells .", ,," '" ." '''.''.' .. , __

(iii)

The red blood cells expanded aud burst "" , .. __ "' releasing the haemoglobin to the solution, thus making it red
Effective COliIltiunic«tion (C)

,

"

,

"

" , .. ,.. ,,, .
1 Total : 10 + 1marks

1. (c) (1) (ii) (iii)

naked skin

""""'"

_ " ) ) ,

,

. ..

* Amphibia

z Amphibian .,

Destruction! l~ck of habitats for the Hong Kong newt The newt may have lew reproductive potential Poor ability to find food / insufficient food supply . Poor defensive mechanisms against natural enemies Hunted by humans (accept other reasonable answers). . ,
.'

)
)
)

any two ,.....................

1, 1

(iv) . (1) .. '-'rildJruit tree ~ caterpillar -... lizard -+ (2) Dr.a\vingofthep~an1id:

biJi-...

snake

.. :

d

·

"

,.

1

upright pyramid, with inverted bottom

,.. ,

" .. 1,1

,Deduct 1 mark iran}' one of the trophic levels is not la.belle.d.

(3)

. Energy is lost along the food chain ; ~..:,:••.,:.;, ;.. _::'::._ ; I . due '~orespiration! excretion lincomplem ingestionand digestion of food Meath .. ~.............. 1 , : Thus the.number of organisms in each trophic l~\'eldecreases from-caterpillar to snake 1 However, the bioIIla'3s j energy! S.lz,; of the fruittree is much greater thanthat of a caterpillar . so, a :frt.iit ~~ 'c~ SUppOIt,m:a:nycatelPillars· ~;:.::.:.~" ; .~•.~ '.' .. '. ,,~:'_"•. .. ,.. 1
Eff.e.ctiye :Communication
. I' • \';' " .•

(C) :.

=

'i'

i,

.'

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,

...

:.'~

1

J.

,

. Total :11

+ 1marks.

5 . Jur~. 20lB

15:~

PlfiHGnrl-1m
Scheme

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2003 CE Biology Paper 1 Marking

Marks

2. (a)

(i)

The offspring in crass 1 have white flowers, so"they must have received at least one allele for white flower from either of the parents ., : , . Since both parents have purple flowers, each of them must carry at least one allele for purple flower. Thus at least one of the parents isbeterozygous " . In the heterozygous condition, only the dominant character is shown , , .. ! TIlll~ purple flower is the dominant character " .. . .. . .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . .. .. . .. . .. . .. . .. . .. 1 F represents the allele for purple flower; f represents the allele for white flower. , (accept other sets of symbols) The possible genotypes of the purple-flower parent are FF or Ff and that of the white- flower parent is ff .. .. .. ..
,

(ii)

. .." .. "........ I or 0
,,... 1

[ If 'gene' is used in place of 'anele' in (i) or ell), deduct 1 mark (once only] j
(iii)

If the genotype of purple-flower parent is FF, all offspring will produce purple flowers, ,I If the: genotype is Ff, purple-flower offspring and white-flower offspoo:5 will be farmed. .. .. . . . ... .. I + and they would be in the ratio of 3: 1 , ,., ,.. "..... 1
Total: ] 1 marks

2. (b) (i)

(1)

Tar in cigarette smoke deposits On the surface of the air sacs in the mother's rungs ." , .. " , As aresult, less oxygen can be absorbed into the mother's blood hence reducing the oxygen supply to the foetus (mother's lung) --;. pulmonary vein -+ umbilical vein --'t (foetus)
--'t

.

(2)

heart _,..aorta "

'4'

artery to uterus --'t placenta " , "."...... , ,.,

6

X

\/i

(ii)

( 1)

This results in the .discharge of the amniotic fluid

which lubricates the passage of the foetus through the vagina
(2) The cervix continues ~o dilate _ , , , The uterus and abdomiaa! muscles contract strongly

,,.. ,. . .. ... I ' ,1
'"

to expel the foetus through the vagina
Effective Communicfitioft (C)

me

,

,

"

,

""""

. .
1

J

Total: 10 + J marks The pancreas is the major or,gan that produces lipase , ,: ~.: ,. , Due to. blockage of the pancreatic duct, pancreatic lipase cannot reach the duodenum .. , Thus fat in the food cannot be digested , . __ and is egested in the faeces / become active in the pancreas ..,; .. , , . :.,., .._ : , The protease accumulated digests the tissue of-the pancreas !the lipase accumulated digests the cell membrane of pancreatic tissue cells ~..'.: , Due to the blockage of the panc~eatic duct, digestive enzymes ;l.cc~ulate

2. (c) (i)

,.. ,. . ,.

(ii)

. .

(iii)

The damaged

Thus excessive glucose in the blood cannot be converted to glycogen in the liver

panc~eaS secretes

less insulin

.-

"

""

., ~.. .. : .. '." .

: ,

B load glucose Ievel in these patients remains so high that ; the kidneys cannot reabsorb glucose 'from the glomerular filtrate .. : Thill glucoseis fo,md ~. ~e .. ,...

the

'an

"" . _._.. .,................. 1 ' ,.. 1

Effective Cammunicauo« (q ..
• '.1,
~ '" • I • :;,: .;

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't:
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Total; 9 + 1 marks

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5. JUr'l . 200:::

P.:::: Marks . _.. __ _ __ ._-. , _ _ . .. _.. ,. .

2003 CE Biology Paper 1 Marking Scheme ' 3. (a) (i) (1) (2) (1)

To allow the transmission of light to the retina without, obstruction ,aqueous humour I choroids ; __
It helps to reduce the amount of light entering the eyes

(ii)

so as to prevent over-stimulation / damage of the light-sensitive cells (2) (3) reflex action , _.. _.__ . .. . __ ,__
t

"

I

Constriction of B Does not involve the cerebrum I:nbom Faster in action Stereotyped response i.e. same stimulus always evokes the same response

Putting on sunglasses Involves the cerebrum Learned action
Slower in action

any two

1, 1

Variable responses to the same
stimulus

(Hi)

Dark-coloured sunglasses reduce the light intensity entering the eye so the pupil will not constrict I constrict to a. smaller extent in bright sunlight As a result, mOre UV light can enter the eye and cause damage , , __ EjJe.ctb'e Communication
(C)

_
_ ,

_ _

_. . .

1 1
1 J

Total: 10 + 1marks

3. (b) (i)

The catalase in the paper disc broke down hydrogen peroxide, releasing oxygen

,

_

When the amount of oxygen evolved reached a certain level, the oxygen bubbles buoyed up to the surface of the hydrogen peroxide solution (ii)
(1)
i

me disc
,.'

_

.
.. 1'2

pH
Ii

It
~eUi:ot
(2)

3 5 7 9 11

Rate of reaction <0.01 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04

(5-1)

.............................................
•I ••• I ~• I ••••••• I •

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Coneet choice of
a.,'\,eS

Effect of pH on catalase activity
0.05

_.. _.._ ~;

.,...,....,....,...~..,...,.....Io-r-~,..,....,.--,-,-.

(A). ~ ,._.__ 'is Correct labelling of axes with units (L) ~,;_, \I; Correct plotting and joining of points (P) .. _... .. .... 1

reaction

Accept any point betweenO andO.OL

5

7
pH
I .

9

11

(iii)

(1)

any value between 7 and 9) any value read .frorn.the graph drawn
• .' • ,.' I, .','. • '

II I

I

.

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,

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.

(2)

. Repeat the 'e)."pttim~t using hydrogen peroxide 'sPlutions with smaller pH intervals .. ' .betweer; 7 and 9·: , ' : ,. , ; .. ;..:.~.~.'.,..' , . ;,.. : : :,."'''~''

:

_,__ .

.... ..,. .
'

p , ' _..,...... 1 (iv) , The catal~e ~ctivitY would be similarto that ofili~~: ;~~~~;{.in~estiiati~~·.~ .. ·.;; .. because ca.taJ,ase is not denatured at 4 QCand it can become active again at room temperature .. __ ....... 1 '.~,'< ..,~..~.:'.".,:: c;o:', .. "," .. .' To~:llmarks

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"".,

2003 CE J3iology Paper 1 Ma.rking Scheme

.

Marks

3. (c) ( i)

Presence of thick /lignined cell wall .... No cell content I empty lumen .
0" 0" • __ ,

0•

0 0 ••••

0,

,

0•

,

,

,

,.

,

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__

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(Ii)

B ...... -, _."," .... " .. Sucrose . .,,,. _" , " ,

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(iii)

(1)

As the fungal hyphae block the xylem vessel of the infected stem, water cannot be transported
to the stem. __ ,_ On a hot day, the rate of transpiration is higli .. The water loss of the stem / plant becomes greater than tb.e water gain Thus cell type D becomes flaccid / loses turgidity and can no longer give support to the stern
0 .. '"" .. " " " "." • 0" 0.00. "" " _. _0' ," _" ,-,0, 0 0 0 00 •• 0, 0 0 0 0 ,. 00• 0 ... 0 •••• 0 00 , 0• 0 0 ,.0. 0 0 •• 0 , __ .". , -" ." • 00" 0• 0• , 00• 00 0• 0• 0 0 •• 0 •••••••••••

0.0.'."

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r=
(2)

Effective Communication(C) Parasitism "" .. , ," '",'"
",,0"'" "'0",, 0'"'' " " 0" 0,,0 '" 0 0 "."0" •• " ..

1

Total: 9 + J marks

Updated marking scheme for Q.3 (c) (21.5.2003)

5 . JU~~. 200::::

15:F!~liililP~LI'
Scheme dry soil: 50 g I 0.05 kg

+:=:52.2~,tiK7fEACHERS'·USE (JNL~
plant: 74.65 kg

F'.5

2003 CE Biology Paper 1 Marking

Marks \4., ~ . . .

4.

(a) (i)

(ii)

The soil is not the mll-w,source cf'fccd for plant growth because the drop in mass of the dry soil is very small in comparison with the gain in mass of the plant To reduce the amount of substance in air added to the soil! the amount of soil Lostto the air so that the loss in weight of the soil is mainly due to the plant

(iii)

,.. "
.

(iv)

(1)

Title (T) Design of set-up (S) : leaiwithCOzsupply leaf in a container having sodium hydroxide solution light source

,

Ii;

,.. 1
"........ 1 , " ~/;

sodtum hydro;,;.jdc solution ---'"

water

Experimental set-up for showing that COl is necessary for the plant to make food

(2)

To make sure that the starch detected at the end of the e"''Periment was made during the experiment By keeping the plant in darkness for nvo days ,, __ __

.
"' . Total; 11 marks

4. (b) (i)

Chamber B : : : The wall of B is thicker I more muscular than that of A showing that it is tile left ventricle! it Can generate a greater force for pumping blood
(1) "'bicuspid valve .' __ .: ,

. .. ,. . .. .. ... 1
..

(ii)

(2)

If X does-not close properly, oxygenated blood in th~ left ventricle will flow back to the left atrium when the ventricle contracts ~" " .. __ .: This reduces the amount of oxygenated blood pumped out of the heart in each beat
During vigorous exercise, the oxygen consumption' of the skeletal muscles is very high This increases the risk of insufficient oxygen supply t~ the brain .. thus the person would faint easily

. 1 1 1

Effl!.cti've Communication (C)
(iii)

I

The deposition of fari)' substances on the inner wall ofve'ssei Y would block the vessel , 1 , This would reduce the oxygen supply to the heart muscle : ; .::~ .: ; -1 hence 'increase the risk .of'heart attack ..' ".: ,.' ',," . .. . . .. . r> '. ,", " . ;.:~ Total: 10 + I marks . :-'1' , . .. ( :_', .~'" ;.,"
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2003.CE-EIO

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5. JUrj . 2003

15: ~

Pi'ri"'~i;iJ~LbiJ'

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Cf'eir<' t€ACHERS' USE ON:t1'
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7

2003 CE Biology Paper 1 Marking Scheme
4. (0)

Marks , ..
-'.

0)

The antigen in the cholera vaccine. ' stimulates specific white blood cells to produce antibody resulting in the rise in antibody level

(ii)

For the second injection, the rise in antibody level occurs earlier me rise in antibody level is faster and the peak of the antibody level is higher

)

) any two
)

I, 1

This is because as a. result of the first injection, certain white blood cells will develop a memory for the antigen , ·.· When the same antigen enters the body in the second injection, , the white blood cells will produce a large amount of antibodies within a short time
n ,

•••••••••••

,

•••••••••••

. .
1 ..

Effective Commfmicatio1t (iii)

(C)

Cook the seafood thoroughly

Irradiate seawater used in fish tanks with UV light (accept other reasonable answers)

,

'"

. Total: 9 + 1 marks

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