teach yourself


michael holman and mira kovatcheva

For over 60 years, more than 50 million people have leamt over 750 subjects the teach yourself way, with impressive results.

be where you want to be with teach yourself

For UK order enquiries: please contact Bookpoint Ltd, 130 Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4SB. Telephone: t44 (0) 1235 827720. Fax: t44 (0) 1235 400454. Lines are open 09.00-17.00, Monday to saturday, with a 24-hour message answering service. Details about our titles and how to order are available at www.teachyourself.co.uk For USA order enquiries: please contact McGraw-Hili Customer Services, PO Box 545, Blacklick, OH 43004..Q545, USA. Telephone: 1-800-722-4726. Fax: 1-614-755-5645. For Canada order enquiries: please contact McGraw-Hili Ryerson Ltd, 300 Water St, Whitby, Ontario, L1N 9B6, canada. Telephone: 905 430 5000. Fax: 905 430 5020. Long renowned as the authoritative source for self-guided leaming - with more than 50 million copies sold worldwide - the teach yourself series includes over 500 titles in the fields of languages, crafts, hobbies, business, computing and education. British Library cataloguing in Publication Data: a catalogue record for this title is available from the British Library. Library of Congress catalog card Number. on file. First published in UK 1993 by Hodder Education, 338 Euston Road, London, NW1 3BH. First published in US 1993 by The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. This edition pUblished 2003. The teach youl'Self name is a registered trade mark of Hodder Headline. Copyright © 1993, 2003 Michael Holman and Mira Kovatcheva In UK. All rights reserved. Apart from any permitted use under UK copyright law, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information, storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or under licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency Limited. Further details of such licences (for reprographic reproduction) may be obtained from the Copyright Licensing Agency Limited, of Saffron House, 6-10 Kirby Street, London, EC1N 8TS. In Us. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Typeset by Transet Limited, Coventry, England. Printed in Great Britain for Hodder Education, a division of Hodder Headline, an Hachette Livre UK Company, 338 Euston Road, London, NW1 3BH, by Cox & Wyman Ltd, Reading, Berkshire. The publisher has used its best endeavours to ensure that the URLs for extemal websites referred to in this book are correct and active at the time of going to press. However, the publisher and the author have no responsibility for the websites and can make no guarantee that a site will remain live or that the content will remain relevant, decent or appropriate. Hodder Headline's policy is to use papers that are natural, renewable and recyclable products and made from wood grown in sustainable forests. The logging and manufactUring processes are expected to conform to the environmental regulations of the country of origin. Impression number 14 13 12 11 10 Year 2010 2009 2008 2007


0 CD
Jntroduction alphabet and pronunciation vii xi 1


:s.qpaHi4Te! KaK ee K8388T8?
hello, what's your name? saying please and thank you, greetings, introducing yourself, there Is and there Isn't KaK m? MM8T8nM BplMt? how are you? do you have a moment? asking questions, saying goodbye, using Mr and Mrs, I have and I don't have, numbers 1-10 KaK'bB eTe? KaKB8 CTe? who are you and what is your job? what kind of? nationalities, professions, relatives, marital status K6nKo? K6nKo e 'l8CioT? how much? how many? what's the time? timetables, times of the day, numbers 11-100, seeking agreement roB6pMTe nM 8HrnMMcKM? do you speak English? what languages do you speak or know?, which and who, using the phone

•• :1 •• tn

being especially polite key to the exercises appendix Bulgarian-English vocabulary Englisll-Bulgarian vocabulary Index to grammar and usage 11 nn8H 38 CntAB81qllT8 c8AMMqlI a plan for the coming week days of the week. losing your way. requests and commands. twin verbs for describing the same situation. let's. more if expressions. may I?.thwarted plans. months. cheersl. describing your home 15 6J1xH8 neKap I went to see the doctor saying how you feel. if and hypothetical situations... ? going shopping. like or love? 152 13 K8K AI cTMfHeMAO XOTen «OAeca» how can we get to the Odessa hotel? directions. forgetting something. changing money KonKo crpyB8 •••? how much is. don't order yet! don't do that!. things needing repair.Ae BptMeTO? what's the weather going to be? agreeing and disagreeing. past events 264 267 288 305 319 330 165 178 14 n03AP8BilB8M Tel congratulations! what is done (or not done). dates. making suggestions. pointing. Bulgarian holidays. I need or need to. that's my bag. I can do it. numbers over 100 253 12 nO'laK8M. doing something for yourself 191 .. trouble with the car 08 K8KBOMMnpenopi. having fun and being bored 09 C KaKBOMora AI 8M nOMOrH8? how can I help you? offering assistance.iv 06 g MCK8T9nM AI •. address forms... second etc. being introduced. talking about the Mure. reporting what you don't know first hand 6MxMe MCKanMAI AiliAeM n8KI we would like to come again! saying goodbye and staying in touch.'lB8Te? what can you recommend? eating out and ordering meals.. getting out of town 241 125 20 137 taking it further making complaints. ? can I?. expressing preferences 97 18 B"'e C'bMpewMn8 I have already made up my mind results: reporting events that have affected the present. Bulgarian money 69 16 8KO 6u H8 TBOt M~TO ••• if I had been in your place .. reporting first-hand information V 203 g i i 07 82 17 I 217 230 KaKBOnplB8we TJI? what was she doing? a different perspective on past events. He nOp'b'lB8M oaqel wait. I was going to . giving presents. getting about in town 19 110 MM8re nM OnnaKB8HMJI? is there anything wrong? 10 K8KBOaqe6i. more and not any more.I must.? would you like to. first. special occasions..

who have helped us directly or indirectly with this book. •• ~ c:: ~ () Acknowledgements It would be impossible to thank all our relatives and friends and also colleagues.Mira Kovatcheva was born in Sofia and studied English at Sofia University. where he now lives. He has taught Bulgarian. where she is now Senior Lecturer in the Department of English Studies. past and present. In Unit 1.. His wife. Thus. to use some simple greetings and to say 'please' and 'thank you'. Between 1966 and 1999 he lived in Yorkshire. The first half of the book. was born in Sofia of mixed Bulgarian and Macedonian parentage. and in Unit 3 you will learn how to answer questions saying where you come from. Her field of research is English historical linguistics and languages in contact. but may also be used for study with a teacher. . Each unit is devoted to a particular topic or situation and each successive unit builds naturally on material covered in previous units. translated from Bulgarian into English and sought to promote Anglo-Bulgarian cultural interchange. Michael Holman is of mixed English and Russian parentage and was born in Kent. The responsibility for outstanding imperfections in this new edition. Above all it is functional. o Q. Between 1989 and 1992 she was on secondment to the universities of Leeds and Sheffield where she taught Bulgarian to English students. The emphasis here is on the present tense and on immediate situations you may well fmd yourself in on a visit to Bulgaria. _. up to the end of Unit 9. Unit 7 with shopping. using the language for positive. We would. we are grateful beyond measure. for example. Although intended primarily for people with no knowledge of the language. EJ _. where he was latterly Professor of Russian and Slavonic Studies at the University of Leeds. like to single out for special mention Christo Stamenov and Vladimir Filipov. Unit 8 with eating out and Unit 9 with getting about and both asking for and giving assistance. enabling you to communicate and interact.or lack of it! Unit 6 deals with wanting and asking for things and with changing money. In Unit 2 you will discover how to ask questions. without whom none of this would have been possible. remains fmnly with us.. It aims to teach you to understand and use the contemporary language in a variety of typical. is a basic grammatical and thematic 'survival kit'. you will learn how to introduce yourself. You will learn to ask about future events. you will also find it useful if you want to brush up or extend some previous knowledge. everyday situations. The course is divided into 20 carefully graded and interlocking units. what you do for a job and indicating whether or not you are married. She also has a special interest in the teaching of Bulgarian to native speakers of English. Unit 5 enables you to describe your language knowledge . however. Unit 4 teaches you some numbers and how to use them when telling the time. both lecturers at Sofia University. From Unit 10 on you progress to less immediate. however. To everyone who has written to thank us for the book and to make suggestions for its improvement. practical purposes. Dorothea. who assisted us greatly in the latter stages of our work on the first edition. but no less important matters. He holds the 'Order of Stara Planina' (First Class) and is an honorary Doctor of Letters of Sofia University. It has been designed for self-tuition. Teach Yourself Bulgarian is a complete course for beginners in spoken and written Bulgarian. •• o .

inquiring about the weather. a junior colleague. too. First there is Michael Johnson. following the text of the Dialogue in the book. establishing contacts. Dialogues or other sections marked with are included on the recording. Finally there come the Exercises . at the section on pronunciation and spelling at the beginning of the Appendix. from SofIa in the west to Plovdiv in the south and on to Varna and the Black Sea in the east. for example. Repeat the words and phrases as often as possible so as to get your tongue round the foreign sounds. that takes you on a little further. And as your vocabulary and grammatical knowledge increase. as you work through the book. you will be able to make more use of the tables and lists in the Appendix at the back of the book.so you can test yourself and see how you are doing. try looking in the English-Bulgarian vocabulary. 6DHT'LT npaBH MaHCTOpa. you fInd this initial vocabulary doesn't list a Word you cannot understand. However.. . both English. Look. They too are visiting Bulgaria. too. but not for the fIrst time. UK. as the Bulgarians say. This is followed by useful phrases relevant to the theme of the unit and worth learning by heart. Before going on to a new unit. You will also learn how to talk about things that happened in the past. This contains most of the words used in the different units and a good few more besides.) Then there is a married couple from Manchester. practice makes perfect or. with all the answers in the back . the better you'll be! Learning techniques obviously vary and you will probably need to experiment a little before adopting the procedure that suits you best. An initial Dialogue is followed by a vocabulary with the new words and phrases and a few short questions in Bulgarian based on the Dialogue.and Bulgarian-speakers. so your own pronunciation will improve. As you listen to the native speakers and imitate their pronunciation. Victoria speaks Bulgarian well. Nevena Petkova is the hotel receptionist. especially with Boyan Antonov. Nikolai Dimitrov. You will also meet members of Mr Antonov's staff: Nadya. DIalogue Read the English introduction at the beginning Dialogue. reading aloud as you go. a man of entrepreneurial disposition from Chelmsford. and Milena Marinova. This will establish the context for you. how to make complaints and tell people what to do. listen to the Dialogue and see how much you understand. incorporating material you will have already covered plus a few new words and phrases. an artist. The vocabulary after the Dialogue gives you the meaning of all new words and key phrases in the order in which they occur. or putting together a plan for the days ahead. Now work through the Dialogue. of the opening D) a In the dialogues we have tried to concentrate on the activities of a limited number of characters. We strongly advise you to use it. listen again to the dialogues recorded from the previous unit. his hard-working secretary. Mr Johnson is in SofIa for the fIrst time and has wisely learnt some Bulgarian in preparation for his visit. Keep the recording in the car and listen to it on your way to and from work. and remember. If you are searching for the Bulgarian equivalent of an English word. both in their written form and when you hear them on the recording which accompanies Teach Yourself Bulgarian. Then (up to Unit 11) comes a short section (marked with of cultural comments and topical tips for fIrst-time visitors to the country. Each unit is divided into distinct but interlocking sections. director of a newly established but already quite large. Nevena. If you have the recording. varied.lots of them. All the words are listed there or in the Appendix. you might fInd the following procedure worth trying for a start. HoW best to use this book Before starting Unit I you will need carefully to work through the sections on the alphabet and pronunciation. whose paths cross in Bulgaria one year in May. Victoria is an interpreter and George is a teacher. is entrepreneurial! There are other characters as well taking part in a variety of situations and locations..) Listen to the recording again. since each unit follows the same pattern. you will soon fInd that there are many Bulgarian words you recognize. Then come grammatical explanations which all proceed naturally from the new words and constructions used in the Dialogue. At the end of the Exercises there is always a second dialogue. Victoria and George Collins. Sofia-based advertising agency. The more you listen and the more you speak. Despite the different script. He is on a two-week business trip. practical. Good luck. turn to the Bulgarian-English Vocabulary at the back of the book. (If. (Particularly watch Nikolai and Milena .

Now read aloud the questions that follow the Dialogue and try and answer them individually as you go.

For a little light relief have a look at the Notes.

Now study the Grammar section. In some units this section is longer than in others. Always, however, the grammatical explanations refer to material used in the Dialogue. The usage should, therefore, already be familiar to you. And since many of the examples used in the Grammar section are taken from the Dialogue, this should help further to consolidate your knowledge. The English translation is always given with words introduced for the ftrst time in the Grammar section.

How do you say it?
Go over the How do you say it? section. Try to memorize as many of the words and phrases as possible.

Once you feel you have a reasonable understanding of the material, test your knowledge by working through the Exercises. They have been designed not only to be useful and communicative, but also to test your mastery of the grammar. They are a vital part of the learning process, so try to do them all! The answers in the back of the book will give you an idea of how you are doing.

Bulgarian is spoken by more than ten million people worldwide and is the official language of the Republic of Bulgaria. It is not a difficult language for English-speakers. In fact, of all the Slavonic languages, which include Russian, Ukrainian, Polish and Czech, its structure makes it one of the easiest for us to learn. True, the Cyrillic alphabet of 30 letters, which takes its name from the ninth century scholar and holy man St Cyril, may at fIrst seem a bit of a barrier, but it is not difficult to master. The alphabet is very logical, e~tremely efficient and well adapted to rendering the sounds of Bulgarian. In the main, unlike English, the pronunciation is straightforward. The letters can be conveniently easy-to-learn groups. They are: divided into three manageable,

Do you understand?
After the exercises in each unit there is a second Dialogue. New words and phrases occurring in this Dialogue are listed at the end of the unit, but try and see how much you understand without reference to the vocabulary, by reading the Dialogue aloud. You should work through this second Dialogue as you worked through the ftrst one. Finally, before proceeding to the next unit, listen again to all the recorded material of the unit you have just been working on. If you do not have the recording, read through the Dialogues aloud, making sure that you have understood everything.

1 letters that look the same in Bulgarian and English 2 letters that look different 3· letters that look the same, but are, in fact, pronounced very differently. These are the 'false friends' which, initially at least, cause the greatest difficulty. Look at the alphabet table on pp. xii-xiii and see if you can decide Which letters fall into which group. BUlgarian has six simple vowels: A, E, If, 0, Y, 'h - one more than English - and two letters, 10 and II, that really stand for a consonant plus a vowel - i + Y and i + a, respectively.

Abbreviations used in this book are: adj adjective, f feminine, m = masculine, lit. = literally, n = neuter, no = noun, p. = page, pI = plural, vb = verb, T = true, F - false.




a The Bulgarian
Printed capital

Written letters capital small Approximate English sound a b v g d e as in 'art' (but shorter) as in 'book' as in 'vice' as in 'good' as in 'dot' as in 'elephant' as in 'pleasure' as in 'zigzag' as in 'inch' y k as in 'yes' as in 'king' Bulgarian example AHa oaHaH 80):(a rO.zuIHa ));aTa eceH 3CeHa 3HMa "Me io)); KaK JIerJI6 MJIa):( HOBHHa OKOJIO nanKa pecTopaHT ceCTpa T6pTa yTpe tltaKc xy6aB "BeTe 'IepKBa manKa lUaCTHe t.f"LJI K6JIho tOJIH Hro):(a English meaning Anna banana water year date autumn woman winter name iodine how bed young news around folder restaurant sister cake tomorrow fax nice flower church hat happiness comer Kolyo July strawberry

'gill :3:1" elll alii -':3



letters small* a 6

a '6'




_ ..• 5i




1J !I :iJ



r (2) ):((g) e







H (u) H (11) K JI (A) M H 0 n (n) P c T (m) y





J{ ~ j£



It0 11-


I as in 'label' in as in 'man'


as in 'not' as in 'offer' as in 'pet' as in 'rat' as in 'sister' as in 'tent' as in 'foot' as in 'fifteen' as in 'horrid' as in 'fits'




p t

T y

c m-

C !Iii





f h ts

l( q ill



q ill (~


ch as in 'church' sh as in 'ship' sht as in 'fishtail'


b ** 10 R

'h b




as in 'curtain' (but shorter) as in 'York'


10 JI

JO J;,

you as in 'youth' (but shorter) Ya as in 'yarn' (but shorter)


letters in brackets in the second column frequently replace their small printed counterparts in printed texts and public notices. ** The letter •• never comes at the beginning of a word, so it is not used as a capital.

* The

Pronouncing Bulgarian
The English sounds you see in the table on p. xiii are only very rough guides to correct Bulgarian pronunciation. Listening to native speakers and copying them is the best way to get things right, so try listening now to the pronunciation guide on the recording. To begin with you might find it helpful to put a ruler beneath the lines with the individual letters and words and move it down the page as you listen and repeat. Later you can just listen, trying to think of the shape of the individual letters as the words are read out.

Writing Bulgarian
There are four things to note when writing Bulgarian: • While there is very little difference between the capital and small letters in the printed script, the printed and the handwritten letters differ considerably. You will, however, come across longhand letters, more rounded in form, used in printed texts alongside their more angular printed counterparts. These are the letters in brackets on p. xii. (You will fmd examples under 4 below and in the brochure extract on p. 148.) • Compared with English, both in the printed and handwritten forms, Bulgarian has fewer letters that extend above and below the line. It is important to observe the relative height of the letters. • When you write the letters JI, M and H in longhand, you must make sure you begin the letters with a little hook:

You will notice that in each word of more than one syllable, for example IOJIBJuly, ro.a year and peCTopaHT restaurant, we have put an accent above one of the vowels. We have done this to help your pronunciation. Although Bulgarians don't put in the accent when they write, when they speak they pronounce one syllable in every word more distinctly than the rest. (You probably noticed this as you listened to the recording.) This is the 'stressed' syllable. As you can see, the stress can fallon any syllable, just as in English. And as in English, if you stress the wrong syllable, the word will sound very odd, sometimes even incomprehensible. On the rare occasions when a word has two stresses, we have marked this too. So when you learn a new word, make sure you note which syllable is stressed. You will find some additional notes on pronunciation right at the beginning of the Appendix, but for now it will be enough if you n~ the following points: 1 Unlike the vowels in English, the Bulgarian vowels don't differ in length. (They are all a little longer than the English short vowels and a little shorter than the English long vowels.) 2 The Bulgarian letter p is always rolled, 'r-r-r', as the Scots pronounce Brenda and Bruce. 3 The sound of the Bulgarian x is not found in standard English. It is very like the Scottish ch in loch, and is pronounced nearer the front of the mouth than the English letter h. 4 There is no equivalent English letter for b. We do almost have the sound, though, in a slightly longer version in the u in curtain and fur, or in the letter e, when read quickly but clearly in the word the, for example. (Read aloud the last part of thi.s sentence from the word 'or', and you will get the b in 'the' aboqt ~)

This makes it impossible to join them to a preceding o. • In general, Bulgarian avoids double consonants, even in foreign words. For example, Mr and Mrs Collins playa large part in this book, and their surname is written KOJlBHc. Note too that it is written with a fmal c, not a 3. More about this in the note on pronunciation in the Appendix! Now it's time for a little practice.

Trying out what you have learnt
To help you recognize the letters and to practise your pronunciation, here are some international words, many of them names, and written out in their Bulgarian spelling. We have given both their printed and handwritten forms and have arranged the words in the three ~fferent groups mentioned earlier. You should have little difficulty in Identifying their English equivalents. Check whether you've got them right by looking up the Key to the Introduction at the back of the book. You might also try writing out the words yourself. Watch the height of your letters! 1 Letters that look the same in Bulgarian and English (at least in their printed form, but see 4 below):


na MHmiHo Ii ~ ~ K¢. the Bulgarian letter c is always pronounced soft as in Cincinnati and like the English letter s in Sinatra. The handwritten forms of the Bulgarian letters Ieand M differ slightly from the English. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ m 1> b ~ ~ ~ ~ I I <DOTO 4J~ IJ[.11~ H HaMH6HjI p C Y X PHlfap. napK ~i _ !!till ffJwwn ~ -~ ga.l( )I( Note that unlike the English letter c in cat.l(oHe"K qip'iHJI moy-6H3Hec liy~anema Ii'LJIrapHR CHHb6pa Jar. Sometimes.n CHHaTpa YHnipHjI Xaii. commerce and communication technology. for example.n~ 9HKH ~ .IUfT MHHyTa OMJIeT TeJIe<!>6H ~?Unt ~ ~ ~ 3 Letters that look the same. too.xvi K M KaHa.u. but are pronounced differently ('false friends'): B BHeHa xvii 'alii (1'6' 0 OTaBa T TeKcac tJmaJa ~ ~ BmIHaH Bapna M6pKllIHP AMCTep.. email addresses can only be given in Latin script.nCIOHaHTe.lJ. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~'~ r .n ill me<!>HJI. Sometimes there is considerable uncertainty which script to use. !t1J[. This is particularly the case in business. It is.~ q qa. . therefore.HJITa JIHH. is called GSM.naM JIHBeprryJI Caxapa ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ elll ~:r . You will notice too that Latin script is frequently used alongside Cyrillic in brand and business names and in shop signs. for example. 3 H UCTaH6yJI M JI II ROPK JI6~OH naHaMa Uor»c ~ Ji~ ct> tJ)paHK<!>ypT ~ U QIOpHX Zt. DIGITAL EKCnPEC 10 IOKOH J[ . only partially a 'false friend'. The Bulgarian mobile phone system.n ~yITapT 1sn~aHK llIO<!>b6p 'Uu. and the word 'email' itself still needs an accepted Cyrillic equivalent. a different syllable is stressed.aK6Ta JKeHeBa 3aM6e3H YwtapuJt~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 6ap rapa:lK B6~Ka :lKyPH ApH36Ha :Hu~jI Maii6pKa liaJIKaH nOJIH~HR C6c1tHjI . TenetlH>n and nacnopT. not Sophia!) And talking of 'international words'. while the Bulgarian handwritten T is completely different and confusingly resembles an English m. And do remember that Bulgarians say CcltHH (Sofia. it has to be said that Cyrillic is increasingly under siege from the Latin script. 2 Letters that look different: Ii liepJIHH rJI33roy . You will notice that the Bulgarian pronunciation of names and 'international' words differs slightly from the English..

interpreting the head movements correctly and making them correctly yourself will make all the difference to your negotiations! Have fun and start practising straightaway. 2apaiK/raplixi:. In Bulgaria.aM.. You might need to replace certain combinations of English letters by a single Bulgarian letter. liuumhAC/liHHTbJIC.lii.1Il ~Q.• lll !!l.arre~a.ll. are some words written using both the angular and the more rounded.IJ. Sometimes one English letter needs two letters in Bulgarian and vice-versa.rorr.oHcn.IJ. dismissive. K¢gum/K¢. upward movement of the head . See if you can recognize them: agpeel a.PTbH KOpHyOJI rJI<i3roy i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix Richard Burton Beatles Helsinki Oxford Liverpool James Bond Scotland Leeds Charles Dickens x France xi Geneva xii Cambridge .a).)I(eHMclio~ IIopTyr<iJIHR ljapJIc )l. with their Bulgarian equivalents. liYganew.actually often more a rocking of the head from side to side . side by side. a shake of the head .OmaBa/OTaBa.xviii 11 ~Q. All the words appear in the previous lists. concentrate on the sound.IJ. liHHTbJIC PHQap. meAe<jJOHITeJIe<jJOH. In most European countries.IJ. read the Bulgarian and identify the English equivalent.IJ. f g h i j k I 2 Do the same with this list. you nod your head to say 'yes' and shake it to say 'no'.wec. 1 Read the following place names matching the names in English g h i j k I JI~c EJIH3a6cT TeHJI1>P XCJI3HHKH JIHB1>prryJI )l. AMcmepgaMI AMCTep. booking an excursion or doing a deal.means yes (.means no (He). longhand letters.while a nod .) a b America Amsterdam Arizona Balkan Berlin Frankfurt London Plovdiv Rila Sahara Varna Volga i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix JIO~OH Caxapa <l>paHK<jJypT AMcpHKa ApH30Ha IIJIOB.IJ.a/liY. HlO VIOPK qapHHr KpOC mCTJIa~ )l.K meJI .HB PHJIa Bonra BapHa x liaJIKliH xi ~epJIHH xii AMCTep. (In this exercise each English letter is replaced by a single Bulgarian letter.1:p:YTrapT x . a b c d e r Exercises Here are some reading exercises for you to practise what you have learnt so far about the alphabet..HJITa c d e r g h j 3 Here.HKeHc OKC<jJOp. BuBuaH/BHBHaH.KI )l. Whether you are buying an ice-cream. III _.usually starting with a brisk. MUHYma/MHHYra.IJ. (Remember that Bulgarian rarely uses double letters!) a b Charing Cross Chelmsford Donetsk Shell Shetland Stuttgart Vienna Yalta New York Yukon i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix BHcHa IDKOH qCJIMc<jJop. 4 Here.~ Saying yes and no a vital word of warning Another form of communication is non-verbal communication and it is very important in Bulgaria.IJ.aM xix '0 i! c d e a '6" ~~ e gi' _ .OHCU.OHCQK. woy-6U3Hecl IIIoy-6H3Hec. ecnpeeol ecnpeco.

05 MHJIaHo 17.HJI <l>MTHECQEHThP 205 206 207 166 IiAP TAKCM HH<I>OPMAQHJI IIOJIMUHJI 5 What are the names of (a) the snack bar.30 CD ::J o .rpK <l>paH~HjI xiii xiv xv xvi Cornwall Elizabeth Taylor Glasgow Portugal If you rang the following numbers.35 )l(eHeBa 17.40 liy..m n o p 4 )l(eHeBa mOTJnlH. (b) the restaurant.n:anema __ 16.LUHI KeHM6pH..J.25 IIapIDK 18.10 <l>paHK<llYPT_ 16. (c) the hotel and (d) the cafe on the following notices? a b CHEK-IiAP «CHPEHA» PECTOpAHT «IiEPJIMH» Milan Geneva Frankfurt Paris Berlin Zurich Budapest? c d XOTEJI <<llIEPAlOH» KA<I>E «OPHEHT» 6 When does your plane take off if you are flying to: a b c d e f g Qropnx 15.05 liepmm __ 18. what service would you expect to answer? Read the Bulgarian words out loud! 201 202 203 204 <l>AKC PECTOpAHT PEQEIlI. In this unit you will learn • how to say hello • how to give your name and nationality • how to say please and thank you • how to say yes and no in answer to is there? and are there? .


~t If.


Michael Johnson, a businessman, arrives from London at his hotel in Sofia. When he enters the vestibule he is greeted by the doorman with the words 3aDoB~aiiTe, M6JuI! meaning, here: Welcome, do come in, please. (MoJlJl can also mean I beg your pardon and Don't mention it.) You will often hear 3aDoB~aiiTe and MOM in Bulgaria, used separately and together with a variety of meanings. They are always polite and welcoming words. Together with the two words for thank you - 6J1arO~apK and Mepcit (Merei - as in the French!), and the word for there isn't RiMa - they are what for you will probably be the five most important words in the Bulgarian language.

He, He CbM TypMCT. IiM3H8CMeH C'bM. MMe M6nJl? K8K ce K83B8Te? K83B8M ce ••• AHrnM<t8HMH nM CTe? Aa, 8HrnM<t8HMH C'bM. n8cn6pT8, M6nJl. 3anOBAAaliiTel Iin8rOABPHI M6nJlI

o •••• DDialogue
Michael goes up to the reception receptionist, Nevena Petkova.
HeseH8 MaMKbn HeBeH8 MaMKbn HeseHa MaMKbn HeBeH8 MaMKbn HeBeH8 MaMKbn HeseHa M8MKbn HeBeHa MaMKbn HeBeH8 MaMKbn neTK6B8 A>K6HC'bH neTK6B8 A>K6HC'bH neTK688 A>K6HC'bH neTK6Ba A>K6HC'bH neTK6B8 A>K6HC'bH neTK6Ba A>K6HC'bH neTK6Ba A>K6HC'bH neTK6Ba A>K6HC'bH

No, I'm not a tourist. I'm a businessman. name (I beg your) Pardon? What is your name? My name is ... Are you English? Yes, I am (English). Your (the) passport, please. Here you arefrhere you go. Thank you. Not at aIVDon't mention it! My pleasure.


~'O .,lIt lit S<

~:. alai .~-



o ••••

desk and is greeted by the

Before answering these questions, listen to the recording again (if you have it), once without looking at the dialogue and once following the text as you listen. It would also be a good idea to read aloud the questions before you answer them. You'll find all the answers in the Dialogue - except to 1 (c)! The answers are also in the Key at the back of the book.

A66bP AeH! 3ApaBeMTe! V1Manlll cB066AHa CTaJl? (Nodding.*) He, H~Ma. V1Manlll cB066AeH anapTaM9HT? (Shaking her head.*) As, HMa. TYPHCTnlll CTe? He, He cbM rypHCT. bH3HBCMeHCbM. V1Me? M6nJl? KaK ce Ka3BaTe? Ka3BaM ce MaMKbn A>t<6HCbH. AHrnlll",aHIIlH nlll CTe? Aa, aHrnlll",aHIIlH CbM. nacn6pTa, M6nJl. 3anoB~AaMTe! bnaroAap~! M6nJl!

1 Try to answer the questions
a b c 2 I1:Ma Jill cB066,lJ;eHarrapTaMeHT? I1:Ma Jill cB066,lJ;Hacnhl? KaK ce K~bBaTe? (Give your own name.)

True or false? Write out correct versions Johnson says: a b

of the false statements.


*If this confuses you, look back to the vital word of warning on

AHrJillqaHHH CbM. TypHCT CbM. EH3HecMeH CbM.

p. xviii.
A66'bp ,qeHI 3APaBeMTel MMa nM cs066AHa CT6JI? Good morning/afternoon. Hello! Is there a room free? No, there isn't. a free apartment Yes, there is. Are you a tourist?

o Greetings
The most frequently heard greeting, and the one to use on formal occasions when addressing people you do not know, is A66'bp AeHI Literally translated it means Good day. You can say A66'bp AeHI at any time of the day except the early morning, when you should use Ao6p6 YTPol Good morning, and the evening, when you say A66'bp B8<tepl Good evening.

He, HRMa.

As, MMa.
TypMCT nM cTe?


=1 il.



3AP8B8MI and 3AP8B8MTel are rather less formal and are used when you would say Hello or Hi! in English. Literally the words both mean May you be healthy. 3AP8B8MI is a singular form and 3AP8B8MTel is a plural. You say 3AP8B8MI to a friend or someone you know well. When greeting more than one person or someone you know less well you use 3AP8B8MTel (Plural is always polite!) You might also use 3AP8B8MTe! (instead of the more official A66'bp AeHI) when addressing someone you know well but whom you still address with the polite, formal form. Both 3AP8BeMI and 3AP8BeMTe! can be used at any time of the day, or night. You will notice that the only difference between 3AP8BeMI and 3AP8B8MTe! is the addition of the two letters -Te to the greeting you use when meeting a friend. In fact, these two letters distinguish the plural (formal) from the singular (familiar) forms. They are found on the end of other 'polite', 'non-familiar' forms too. You will notice them, for example, on the end of the word 3anoBfiA8MTel used by Michael Johnson when he gives Nevena Petkova his passport. (If Michael knew Nevena better, he would say 38noBs1AaM1 without the letters -Te.) You will also see them on the end of the words used by Nevena when she asks Michael his name: KaK ce Ka3BaTe? and inquires whether he is English: AHrJ1l1yaHI1H cTe? 1111

• Answering yes or no to is there? 'and are there? :fIMa JIB cBooo.nua craB? Is there a roomfree? ,lJ;a, ma. Yes, there is. :fIMa JIB cBooo.neu anapTaMeuT? Is there afree apartment? He, UgMa. No, there isn't. • ConfIrming your nationality AHrJlH'lliuuH/aurJlH'l8HKa JIB cre? Are you English? ,lJ;a, aurJlH'lliuuH/aurJlH'lliHKa CLM. Yes, I am English. AMepoKliue"/aMepRKliHKaJIB cre? Are you American? ,lJ;a,aMe~/aMepHKliuKa CLM. Yes, I am American. Kaua.neWKllIIli):J,KaIBcre? J Are you Canadian? ,lJ;a,Kauli.n~/~ CLM. Yes, I am Canadian.

5 g~
='111 :



o ~

o ~

1 Things as he, she and it: gender
All words naming things, whether living or not, are referred to as he,
she or it in Bulgarian. This means that all naming words, also called

nouns, belong to one of three groups or genders: masculine, feminine or neuter. It is not difficult to recognize them: masculine nouns usually end in a consonant or -i feminine nouns usually end in -a or -B neuter nouns usually end in -0, -e or sometimes -0 words of foreign origin ending in -0, -y and -10 are also neuter.
Masculine aMepHKBHe4 anapTaMeHT AeH Mb)f( Feminine aMepHKBHKa 6bllrapKa >KeHB Neuter Kaep9 MeHIO nHCM6

How do you say it?
• Asking somebody's name, and giving yours KaK ce Ka3BaTe? Ka3BaM ce MaiiKhJI ~OuCLU. Ka3BaM ce HeBeua ITeTKoBa.
What is your name? My name is Michael Johnson. My name is Nevena Petkova.

• Greeting people at different times of the day 3.npaBei're! Hello! (polite or more than one person) 3.npaBei! Hello! (informal, one person) ,lJ;oo,o YTpO!/,lJ;06Lp .neu! Good morning. ,lJ;06Lp .neu! Good afternoon. ,lJ;06Lp Be'lep! Good evening. • Saying please, thank you and (I beg your) pardon? Mo;ul! Pleare; don hnention it; not at all! M6JuI? (I beg your) pardon? liJIaro.nap9/MepcB. Thank you. • Welcoming someone or extending an invitation 3anOBH.nai!/3anOBH.nai're! Won't you please ... ?; here you
are; there you go!

a flat a day a man

an American man aHrnw'lBHHH 6i..nrapHH MY3elli TypHCT aHrnw'lBHKa CTas:.

an Englishman a Bulgarian man a museum a tourist an English woman

an American woman a Bulgarian woman a woman coffee, cafe menu a letter

a room

MOpe TaKCH Yrpo

a sea
taxi amoming


2 Adjectives
Describing words that tell you about a thing's qualities are called adjectives. Adjectives acquire similar endings to the nouns: consonants for masculine adjectives, -a for feminine ones and -0 for neuter. You can see this in the expressions )J;66'bp )J;eB,cB066)J;Ha CTaJl, )J;06p6 YTpo. This repetition of endings often seems to create semi-rhyming groups of words, especially in the feminine and th e neuter. Here are some examples:
Masculine ,q06bP a good aHrnH'laHHH Englishman ,q06plt 6bnrapKa cBo66,qeH ,qeH


~ 1i
.,) ~

TypHCT JIB cTe? .ll:a, TypHCT C'bM. He, He cl.M TypHCT.

Are you a tourist? Yes, I am a tourist. No, I am not a tourist.

lr :.

!l ..• CDCD

lD S<

By moving JIB from one word to another you can shift the emphasis of your question. In English, you do this by changing your intonation.

MaHX'bJI B C6tu JIB e? JIB e B C64lHlI?

Is Michael in Sofia? Is Michael in Sofia?


free day

5 MMa and HHMa There is and there is not
The Bulgarian equivalent of both there is and there are is ilMa. The negative there is not and there are not is simply BtiMa: lIMa cB066)J;Ha CTall. HtiMa cB066)J;Ha cnlll. B JI6H)J;OHHMa ped. B C64>HlI BtiMa ped. There There There There is a room free. isn't a room free. is a river in London. isn't a river in Sofia.






cB066,qHa CTas. a free room

Bulgarian woman

o ••••


,qo6p6 y-rpo good morning

cB066,qHO M~CTO


free place

And if you want to ask a question you again add

3 CBo6oAeH CbM I am free
Also, an expression like I am free will change depending on whether a man or a woman is speaking. Michael Johnson will say of himself: cB066)J;eB C'bM. Whereas Nevena will say: cB066)J;Ha C'bM. And you would say of them: HeBeHa e cB066)J;Ha. Nevena is free. MaHX'bJI .z:vx6HC'bH cB066)J;eB. Michael Johnson is free. e A good-looking (but immodest) man might say of himself xy6aB C'bM, while a good-looking (and equally immodest) woman would say of herself xy6aBa C'bM. I am free.

MMa JIB cB066)J;Ha cnlll? .ll:a, HMa. MMa JIB ped B JI6H)J;OH? .ll:a, HMa.

Is there a Yes, there Is there a Yes, there

room free? is. river in London? is.

6 He C"bM


saying not
is Be. It is normally I'm I'm I'm I'm not a Bulgarian. an Englishman. not a Bulgarian. an English woman. placed

The negative word in Bulgarian immediately before the verb: He cl.M 6'f,JIrapHH. AHrJIH'IaHHH C'bM. He cl.M 6'f,JIrapxa. AHrJIH'IaHXa C'bM.

He is never stressed when followed immediately by a verb. Here He ct.M is read as one word with emphasis on C'LM.

4 AHrnMI.48HMH nM CTe? Are you English?
To ask questions which require answers yes or no you need to add JIB immediately after the word, or group of words, to which your question is directed: AHrJIH'IaHHH JIB cTe? .ll:a, aHrJIH'IaHHH C'bM. He, He cl.M aHrJIH'IaHHH. Are you English? Yes, I am English . No, I am not English.


1 This exercise, as far as motL6p, is on the recording at the end of the Pronunciation guide. Read the following 'international' words out loud in Bulgarian. This will help your pronunciation and build up your vocabulary.

aHrJlllqaHKa C'bM.[(a. . e:e: .a. =1 ltlll If.n.. e HMa JllI TaKcli? llMa JllI 6lipa? f He. ilMa or He.n.n.)KHH? He.)KHH? HnH ecnp6co? (espresso) 10 a.nrapKa JllI CTe? iii li1.a lemonade a yHCKH whisky c qaii b 6lipa beer d tea Can. YliCKHHJIH . . MOJIJI.eHor . . He..ll.n.Ka.¢c acnHpliH 6aHKa 6li3Hec 6Hpa BO.8 a b a~ ••.n.n.o6'bp .[(a.eH?) 7 Make your choice of drink following the model below: lion )VIeHHHnH (or) Bo.aiiTe.[(06po yTpO or .n.Lm C7.MaMepllKliHen.pa llMa JllI MHHepanua Bo. --.n.o6'bP .n.[(06po YTPO or .n.n.. Hma): . .eH?) (.n. (gin) d IjMa JllI .api! I~ 6 a (.a? .i d 1 J 7 II••••• b (.[(a. aHrJlllqaHHH C'bM.l].n.Ka? )VIeHH.a? He.a My3HKa n6HH np06JIeM co.•D1 loll III S< 0Il:'O c d !!Ie: OIl: ~~ 2 e f g h Which s mO<!>bop t npHHTep u O<!>HC v <!>aKC W BH.2cOH HeBeHa .m.nrapHH JllI CTe? iv AHrJlllqaHHH JllI cTe? v AMepHKaHen.n. i AMepHdHKa 9 JllI cTe? a b ii li1.2cOH KanyqliHO a lion c .a.a cnopT TOHHK TypliCT q <!>lipMa r <!>yT60JI 4 Match the questions and answers.[(a.HJI a.o6'bp .nrapHH.n.n.n.o6'bp B6qep?) • I KeH HeBeHa b BBlCYC>pu lion lilipa HJIH KOKa-KoJIa? d lion Ken BBKT6pBJI BHli:TtlPBJI Ka<!>eHnH qaii? .[(o6'bp .n.)~ OIl: a d 3 How would you greet the hotel porter at the times shown on the pictures? -'0 '/ I \' I. look it up in the Bulgarian-English vocabulary at the end of the book.eH?) c (. aHrJlllqaHHH C'bM. which inquires whether there is any mineral water. I I Answer the following questions with yes or no (. He C1. IiJIaro.[(a. He c1.n.[(06po YTPO or . KeH HeBeHa Bo. He cbM 61. JllI cTe? vi 5 c d How would you say hello! (3.lJ. He. Repeat the dialogue.l]. aHrJlllqaHHH C'bM.nrapKa. If you don't recognize a word.ll.MOJIJl.lJ. using the following: JllIMOHa. aMepHKaHKa C'bM.n. 3anoBi.n. a llMa JllI Ka<!>6? .paBeiiTe!)to: a b e f ~I c a little boy? a little girl? a group of students? AHrJlllqaHKa JllI CTe? He. b llMa JllI TOHHK? c llMa JllI co.Ka KOMDlOT'bP i j k I m n JllIMOHa.eO 0 KcepOKC X P words are feminine and which are masculine or neuter? a good friend? your parents? your boss? a shop assistant? e f g areHn. aHrJlllqaHKa C'bM.D.M61.paBeii!or 3.n.pa HBKoJlaii Clin.n.[(a.

the back to front. Remember that xy6as can mean many things .IJ:HHa~~ arrapTaMeHT 8 MaHKbJI . following the actual route the country to the town. the Bulgarians are better at deciphering the English script than we are the Bulgarian. your apartment or the lovely Bulgarian wine (6iJITapcKo BHHO): g h 9 ---------cniR! arrapTaMeHT! 6iJITapcKo BHHO! <:) 0-'0 Michael Johnson has to sign the register at the hotel .l:: alai·oJ :. lovely. and fmally TYK C'blK8l1l1B8M Questions 1 What time of day is it? 2 Is there a place free? 3 What kind of whisky does Mr Johnson want? 4 Does he order anything else? 5 Is there a phonecard telephone in the restaurant? He also needs to send his Sofia address to address the envelope in Cyrillic. nice. yourself! Notice how.xj6aBO womaHACKo yMCKM Ten ••• C cIJoH0K8PT8 a place waiter good-looking.• p! e A66bP Be•.[(paHB qeJIMaPop. Hs1Ma. II1Ma Il~ Telle¢6H C epOHOKspTaTYK B peCTopSHTa? He. In actual fact. express your own satisfaction with your room. in Bulgarian.:qJec: 4.3anoBs1AaHTe! Xy6aB pecTopsHT! II1Ma 11101 WOTIlSHACKO YHCK~? Aa.[()KOHCbH Michael Johnson Apartment 8 Rodina Hotel Sofia 1000 Bulgaria Now write your own name and address in Cyrillic. .fi alal·oJ "" :'D1 D1£C MliiiKbJl ~onCLn : "" Resena ~YJIH d e f Clill):Q)a TpeiicH Ken Xy6aB XOTeJI! Xy6aB Mb)K! Xy6aBo MOpe! Xy6aBa 6Hpa! Xy6aBo HMe! Xy6aBa 6iJITapKa! :=1. : <:) 0-'0 Now. so you can get away with addressing your letters in English. placing the various components in the Bulgarian order.• p! II1Man~ cBo66AHO Ms1CTO? e Aa. a b C Do you understand? B pecTopaHT8 In the restaurant Read the following conversation and answer the questions in English: CepBMTb6p MaMK'bn A>K6HC'bH CepBMTb6p MaMK'bn A>K6HC'bH CepBMTb6p MaMKbn A>K6HC'bH CepBMTb6p A66bP Be•.filling in his name and home address. beautiful Scotch (whisky) phonecard telephone here /'msorry tiMe: MaHKbJI .xj6aB8. b>KaIls1BaM. Try writing out what he entered in Bulgarian longhand: MkTO cepBMT'b6p xj6aB. beautiful. of course . xy6aBa or xy6aBo.[()KOHCbH A.goodlooking.n EceKc AHrJIHR Michael Johnson 4.i will IIlIDDI :1:' First read aloud and then say in English who is admiring what or whom. C6Aa? He.in Bulgarian. Mount Drive Chelmsford Essex England to his wife. lovely. so she can try Have a go in longhand address is usually written of the letter. to the hotel and the addressee: bbJITapHR 1000 C04>HR XOTeJI«Po. M~HepsllHa BOAs. MaYHT . HMa. nice. using xy6aB. C 11 2.10 8 g.HMa. moving from the apartment. M61l~. You could think up other words meaning nice which are appropriate to the object.

. manager of an advertising agency in Sofia.qo6p6 C'bM. T HMI. OBa e BCMLfKO T 3acera. AHTOHOB 3ApaBeM. I'm fine too. LIIMaTe 11MBpeMe 3a eAH6 Kaepe? H1iMaM BpeMe. And how are you? (formal) What is this? It's a telex from London. Te He ca 61. C'b>Kal11iBaM. AHec MMaM MH6ro pa60Ta. Kora npMcTMra rocnoAMH A>t<6HC'bH? TOM nPMCTMra AHec.DDialogue Boyan Antonov.L1e yK. When does Mr Johnson arrive? He is arriving today. Kora MMa caMon8T OTnOHAOH? B C8AeM 'Iaca MrAntonov How are you today? (familiar) Thank you . calls in at the office to see Nadya. A 8Me KaK CTe? KaKBO e TOU? TOBa e TeneKc OT nOHAOH.rocnoAMH AHT6HOB! npM1iTeH AeH! 611aroASP1il AOBM>KAaHel HSAJI AHTOHOB HSAJI AHTOHOB HSAJI AHTOHOB HSAJI AHTOHOB o N HSAJI AHTOHOB H8AJi AHTOHOB H8AJi AHTOHOB H8AJi AHTOHOB In this unit you will learn • how to ask simple questions using KaK? how? and Kora? when? • expressions with MMaMhave and HilM8M have not • how to respond to KaKBo e TOB6? What is this? and KaK cTe? How are you? rocnOAilH AHTOHOB KaK CM AH8C? 5naroA8PR. M a3 C'bM A06p6. rocnoAMH AHT6HOB! KaK CMAHec? 611aroAap1i. Kora MMa caMol1eT OT 116HAOH? B ceAeM Lfaca. H~. I'm fine. A06pe C'bM.LIO. A BMe KaK CTe? V1 a3 C'bMA06pe. Kora npMcTMra rocnoAMH A*OHC'bH? TOM npMcTMra AH8C. When is there a plane from London? at seven o'clock . AOBM>KAaHe. A66'bp AeH. KaKB6 e TOBa? TOBa e Tel1eKc OT 116HAOH. his secretary. TyK 11Mca HMKol1aM M MMl1eHa? He. MH6ro A06pe.

ve/y good/fine TYK nM ca HMKon8M M MMIl8tta? Are Nikolai and Milena here? They are not here yet. Te He ca oaqe TYK. HMaqO never mind TOBa e BCM'fKO 38cera. That's all for now. MMare nM Bp6Me 38 &AH6 KaCIJ6? Have you time for a coffee? HJ1M8MBp8Me. I haven't time. IIIM8M MHoro pa60T8. I have a lot of work. AOBM*A8He. Goodbye. Have a nice day! npMMeHAeHI MHOrOA06p8

When a surname is used, the special address form is obligatory with the Bulgarian word for Miss, so you say: 3AP8BeMT8, rocno)l(M48 neTKOB81 Hello, Miss Petkova. For Mrs you can either say rocno)l(a or rocno)l(o 60pMCOB8, but for Mr with a surname the special form is never used, so you can only say: A66'bp B8'fep, rocnoAMH AHTOHOBI Good evening, Mr Antonov. Bulgarian does not yet have the equivalent of Ms.

Masculine surnames usually end in -oB or -eB, while feminine surnames usually end in -oB8 or -eB8. Thus Mr Antonov's wife is called r-)I(a AHTOHOB8, while Nevena Petkova's father is r-H neTKoB. The stress in feminine surnames is not necessarily on the 0 or e preceding the B. SO, although you do say neTKoBa, for example, you have to say AHToHoBa, EiopMcoBa, KOBa•.• Ba and CTaHeBa. e

Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. Looking back to the dialogue, answer these questions instead of Nadya: a b C


3,ZJ;paBeH, Ha,ZJ;H. KaK CH,ZJ;Hec? .n:06pe JIH CH? (Picking up the printout) KaKB6 e TOBa? TOBa TeJIeKCOT JI6H,ZJ;OH e? JIH Koni liMa CaMOJIeTOT JI6H,ZJ;OH? .n:Hec JIH npHCTHra rocno)J;HH .n:)I(6HCbH?

How do you say it?
• Asking someone how they are and saying you're fine too KaK CH? KaK CTe? ,LI;o6pe CLM. H a3 CLM ,ZJ;o6pe.
How are you? I'm fine. I'mfine too.

2 True or false? Write out correct versions of the false statements. a Ha,ZJ;H e ,ZJ;o6pe. He b TOBa e TeJIeKCOT JI6H,ZJ;OH. c HHKOJIaHH MHJIeHa He ca TyK. d rocno,ZJ;IIHAHT6HOB liMa BpeMe 3a Kaet>e. e rOcno,ZJ;HH AHT6HOB mIMa MH6ro pa60Ta.

• Asking What is this? and answering This is ... or This is not ... KaKBo e TOBa? What is this? TOBa e .8Kc. This is ajax. TOBa He e DHCMO. This is not a letter. • Asking When? Kora npHcTRra r-H ,LI;2cOHCLH? When does Mr Johnson arrive? Kora oa C8MOJlh OT JIOH,ZJ;OH?When is there a plane from

o Mr, Mrs and Miss
The traditional Bulgarian rocnoAMH (masculine) rocnoAMH is abbreviated an unmarried woman as equivalents of the English Mr and Mrs are and rocno)l(a (feminine). When written, to r-H and rocno)l(a to r-)I(a. You address rocno)l(M48 (Miss). When you address someone without using their surname, you use the words rocnoAMH, rOCnO)l(8 and rocno)l(M48 in their special address forms: rocnoAMHe, rocno)l(o (note the stress change) and rocno)l(M4e. So you say: A66bP B9•.• p, rocnoAMHel e AOBH>t<,qaHe, rocno)l(ol 3,qpaB9HTe, rocno)l(M4el Good evening. (to Mr) Goodbye. (to Mrs) Hello. (to Miss)

• Saying Goodbye ,LI;oB~aHe! • Expressing good wishes on parting llpHkreH ~eH!/ JIeK ~eH! llpHkrua pa60Ta! llpHkrua Do'limKa! llpmeH ybeH,ZJ;! Demo Xy6aBO!/DemO ~06p6! • Expressing regret C"'XCaJIDaM.
Have a good day. Have a good day (at work). Have a good rest. Have a nice weekend. All the best.

1 EAMH and English a
Normally, no equivalent of the English indefinite article a or an is necessary in Bulgarian. Compare: TOBa e HMeHJI. TOBa e XOTeJI. TYK HMa peCTOpaHT. A3 CbM aHrJIHqaHHH. This is an email. This is an hotel. There is a restaurant here. I'm an Englishman. A Bite KaK cTe? M 33 CbM )J;o6pe.

How are you? I'mfine. (No emphasis here!) And how about you? (Emphasis) I'm fine too. (Emphasis)

3 C'bM 1 am and the verb to be
Verbs, or action words, in Bulgarian have no neutral or basic form corresponding to the English infmitive. There are, therefore, no equivalents of the English 'dictionary' forms to be or to have. Instead, in Bulgarian dictionaries, verbs are listed in the I form (Ist person singular) I am, I have, etc. Here are all the forms of
(a3) C'bM CM e e e
lam you are he is she is itis

However, when the English a means one, a certain or a single, you need to use the Bulgarian word for one - e;:dm. E;:dm is a counting word, a numeral. It is also an adjective and has different forms for the masculine, feminine and neuter.
Masculine Feminine Neuter 8,qHH aHrnw·lclHIIIH one 8,qHa 6Hpa one ItAH6 Kaepe one ItAH6 nlllcMO one
Englishman beer coffee letter

in the present tense:
(HHe) (ewe) CM CTe
we are you are they are

ItAHH HMeHJ1 oneemail ItAHa CTM one room 8AH6 Ms1CTO one place


(TOM) (TSI) (TO)

(Te) ca' 'pronounced

(Te C'b)

If you use the numeral on its own, you have to use the neuter form, as: cTaR HOMep e.znt6 room number one.

You have already come across e in the question KaKBoe TOBa? and the answer TOBa e <l>aKc. ere are some more examples illustrating H all forms of eLM: A3

2 I, you, he/shelit, we, you and they
Bulgarian has almost the equivalents of the English words for these subject pronouns, but there are two small differences. First, the Bulgarian aJ I is written with a small letter and, second, Bulgarian has two different words for you: TB for the singular, familiar form and Bite for the plural. Moreover, when addressing just one person in the polite, formal mode, Bulgarians use the plural form and, when writing, spell it with a capital letter: Bae.
Singular a3 TM TOM TSI TO Plural HHe BHelBHB TB

B CO<l>HR. TyK. ~OH He e B JIOH)J;OH. Ha.z:.H e )J;o6pe. HUe CMe)J;o6pe. Bite CTe TyK. Te He ca TyK.

I am in Sofia. You are here. John is not in London. Nadya is well. We are well. You are here. They are not here.

Note that the usage of the Bulgarian equivalent of to be differs from the English in two important ways:
(a) the negative marker He always comes before the verb (b) when the subject noun or subject pronoun is omitted, you cannot begin the sentence with eLM or any of its other forms. This means that the different forms of eLM come second after an introductory word or group of words:

we you they

you he she it

If you are using a verb, you can usually omit the subject pronouns, f?r the ending of the verb makes it clear who is involved. The only times you must use the subject pronouns are for emphasis or to avoid ambiguity:

but but but

B CO<l>HR CbM. He ci.M B CO<l>HR. TyK CMe. He cMe TyK. HbR e )J;o6¢. ,n:06¢ e.

I am in Sofia. I am not in Sofia. We are here. We are not here. Nadya is well. She (or he) is well.

4 a.1uaMlHHuau I have and I have not
One unusual feature of Bulgarian is that the negative of itMaM (to have) is not formed by placing Hebefore the verb. Instead, a different verb is used: RwaM (not to have). Otherwise, as you can see in this table and in the following examples, the two verbs have identical endings.

6 Counting to ten
0 1

19 6

2 3
4 5

HyJIa e.LJ;HO tlBe TpH '1eTHpH IIeT

9 10

meCT ce.LJ;eM OceM tleBeT .LJ;eceT

::'lIi :slit llIl1i

'i= I'~ .~:S.


I have/haven't you havelhaven't he haslhasn't she haslhasn't

HMa MMSMe1HAMaMa sMa MM8Te/tmM8T8

we have/haven't you ha'i8'flaven't they havelhaven't



7 ~ and, also and too
The little word Hcan have all these meanings in Bulgarian. Normally it is used to join two or more similar things and simply meanS and,
as in:





I have a lot of work today. You have a letter from London. r -H AHTOHOBmiMa 4>aKc. Mr Antonov does not have afax. Ha,WI HRMa MHOro pa60Ta. Nadya does not have rtUlCh ork. w HHe HRMaMeBpeMe 3a Ka.pe. We don't have time for coffee. BHe HMaTe JIH BpeMe 3a Ka4>e? Do you have time for coffee? Te HMaT MHoro pa60Ta AHec. They have a lot of work today.




Nikolai and Milena are here.

Sometimes though, you'll [md it used for emphasis to mean also and If a3 C1>M tl06pe.
I'm fine too.

The word a can also mean and, but only when there is an element of contrast implied: Tou e tl06pe. A BHe KaK CTe?
He is fine. And (But) how about you? She is here. And (But) they are in London.

The verbs DpHcriraM to arrive, CMKaJnmaMto be sorry and KaJBaM ce to be called also follow the pattern of itMaM: r -H ~OHC1>H IIpHCTHra B cetleM '1aca. C1>)f(a.rciBaMe, HRMaMe HO BpeMe. KaK ce Kl:13Bam?
Mr Johnson arrives at seven o'clock. We are sorry, but we have no time. What is your name?

1 Replace the personal names with the correct subject pronoun: Toil, TH or Te. a K1>.LJ;erOCIIO)f(a.ll:)f(OHC1>H? e b rOCIIO.LJ;HH AHTOHOBe tl06pe. c KaK e rOCIIOtlHH.ll:)f(OHC1>H? d K1>tle ca .ll:)f(OH KeH? H e HeBeHa e B XOTeJI«PO.LJ;HHa». f rOCIIOtlHHAHTOHOBHMa pa60Ta. g TYK JIH ca HHKOJIaUH MHJIeHa? Read the following dialogues according to the model: TypHCT HeBeHa TYPHCT out loud completing them

In Bulgarian, there are three basic verb patterns. This one is the a-pattern. (You'll find out more in Unit 4.)

K8K? how? K8KB6? what? Kori? when? KltA6? where?

K8K K8KB6 Kori K'bAe

C8 Te? e TOBi? npMcTMr8w? eTOM?

How are they? What is this? When do you arrive? Where is he?

A3 C1>M nOJI TeuJI1>p. MoJUl? KaK ce Kl:13BaTe? Ka3BaM ce nOJI TeuJI1>p.

' Note that MOmr . rocno~HH . i KJ. MOJIjJ? Kax ce xa3BaTe? Ask questions to which the following could be answers. Moml? Kax ce xa3BaTe? A3 C1>M TOHH. g HHe CMe ~o6pe. ask the following people their names: a little girl b an elderly lady C a young couple Read the following signs at the stop (CnHpKa) for the tram (TpaMBaii) and the trolleybus (TpOJleii): a Using the model that follows.· sed to mean I beg your pardon.4. rocno~HHe? .)f(OHC1>H? He. d TOBa e My3eu. the Pliska Hotel is over there.)f(OHC1>H? He.ZJ. there. . (TYJIBcTKa = touns TypBCTH tourists) = a b C TypBcTlca HeBeRa TypHCTKa ~eTe (child) HeBeUa ~eTe AJrrOUOB HeBeua AUTOUOB TypilCTH HeBeua TypilCTH A3 C'bM . ii Kora HMa CaMOJIeT C qMMc4>OP~e B AurJIHjJ.Ae e TOU? b Tou e B C0<pHjI. Read the following dialogue and then answer instead of Mrs Collins giving your own name and room number: HeaeHa KOJIHBC HeBeUa r-)Ka KOJIHBC NK8 pecTopaHT «KpHCTaJI» 6YJIeBap~ «JIeBcxH» (Levski Boulevard) U:eHTpaJIHa noma (the Central Post Office) XOTeJI«XeMyc» yJIHn:a«PaxoBcxH» (Rakovski Street) BHe JIH CTe r-x<a . rOCnO)f(Hn:e? . iv K1>~e ca Te? e Te ca B mOTJIa~jI. rocno)f(a KOJIHHC? He. matching the questions and answers: a Tou npHcrnra B TpH'Iaai.a. MOJIjI? Kax ce x33BaTe? HHe CMerOCnO. d I1:MaTe JIH 6HJIeT (ticket). .JIrapHB He. as well as in the plural of formal speech.7 and 9. f TOM e TpOneH (masculine). . Is this the Pliska Hotel? No.o6peC1>M. rocno)f(o? . and the trolleybus number to 1. e . b TjI e ~o6pe. using either KaK?or KaKBo?(Don't forget to change from a3 to THand uile to Bile!) Model: TOBa e aBTo6yc. BHe B CTajl ~eeeT JIH CTe? He. Bearing in mind the distinction between familiar and formal forms. a b the places (a)-(e) in Sofia. (museum is masculine) (fitness centre) To test your knowledge of the question words K1>~e? where? and Kora? when?.ZJ.6 and 8. You are staying in room number 7.lJ. XOTeJI «llJIHexa» e TaM.ZJ.5. a3 C'bMr-X<a KOJIHHC.ZJ. C d e Now read the words on the sign.h::o~a::. read out loud. Complete the answers with HMllMor UHMaM: a I1:MaTe JIH pe3epBaQHjI (reservation). Nevena has rung through from reception.Ei.a. . C Te ca ~o6pe.ZJ. h TOBa e <pHTHecn:eHT'bp.)f(eUMC1>H. MOJIjI? Kax ce x33Bam? A3 C'bMEOHHAHTOHOB. (Kax CHm? /Kax CTe BHe?) a TOBa e TaxcH. (bus) (KaxBo e TOBa?) A3 C1>M ~o6pe. C I1:MaTeJIH xapTa (map). v K1>~e e qeJIMc4>op~? (Scotland) o d N In the previous exercise you asked questions in the singular and plural. changing the tram number to 2. .)f(yJIH . ask for And reply each time saying it is over TypilcT TOBa JIH e XOTeJI «nJIHcxa» ? . OT JIO~OH? d CaMoJIer OTJIOMOHlIMa iii Kora npHcTHra TOU? B ce~eM lJaca.ZJ.a. e I1:MaTeJIH nacnopT.ZJ.rufHH rocno)f(a KOJIHHC. b I1:MaTeJIH 6bJIrapCXa BH3a (visa). a3 C'bMB CTlljl HOMep OceM.

Il:OH. KbAe e 6Y11eeapA "BIIITowa»? 5y11eeapA "BIIITowa» He e 61111130. a TOH . Toea e KapTa Ha Coepl1Sl. a3 .. LIlMa 1111 paMeaM AO 6y11eeapA "BIIITowa»? T Aa. LIlMaTe 1111 apTa? K He.a. aMepHKaHeu. a TJI .a.rt:C.Il:OH CTe? JIH A3 . TJI . What would you say if pecTopaHT 6aHKa TeJIe4>oH rrOIQa TOaJIeTHa <!>liTHec UeHTbP EBPO 5AHK nOLUA <I>HTHEC QEHTbP 11 Complete the answers.l]. Together they examine this map of Sofia. OT JIHH. a3 ..JIrapHH... 5y11eeapA "BIIITowa» e 61111130 O xOTel1 A "WepaTOH».... ( c TH aMepHKaHeu JIH CH? . aHrJIHqaHHH.l(KaScotswoman).. llIOTJIaH. a3 .. 24. OT rJIliJroy... It is not essential that you understand every word. A KaKBo e TOea TyK? Mi1l4K'bJ1 AJK6HC'bH Cl1YlKMTel1K8 MilMK'bJ1 AJK6HC'bH Cl1YlKMTel1K8 .l].. Michael Johnson is asking the woman at the information desk the way to Vitosha Boulevard. d Blie OT MaHqeCTbp JIH CTe? Hlie . OT JIOH. HslMaM.a. OT MaHqecnp. aHrJIHqllHKa. 24. but you should find all the new words in the vocabulary also on p.. b Blie aHrJIHqaHKa JIH cTe? ... K1>. He asks a passer-by: M6JDr.. e Blie OT JIOH.. TpaMBaM HOMep eAHO 11TpaMBaM HOMep ceAeM. a TOH .Il:eu (Scot).. a Ao6bP AeH! Moml. a Te .Qe lIMa noma you wanted to find: (post office)? Do you understand? Ha MH4>opM84MHTa At the information desk Read the conversation below and then answer the questions on p.. 1lI0TJIaH. 6i. 3anoeslAaMTe.a 10 Mr Johnson wants to post a letter.l].. using the correct forms of CbM: a Blie aHrJrnqaHHH JIH CTe? .

to MaMK'bn A*6HC'bH Cn}f)KMTenKa 6nM30 Ha AO romlM Mara3MH Tbpr6BCKM 4eHT'bp MHoro 6aqe 8AMH B'bnp6c K8lKthel 38 True or false? Say which of the following statements are true and which are false and rewrite the false ones: 1 6yJIeBap)].D. HHMa TpaMBaH )]. «BHTOIlIa». 2 3 4 r-H ~6HC'hH HMa dpTa Ha C64lHX.qaHe.HH B'hnp6c. neK AeH! counter assistant (woman). (f) -. AOBM>K. TOH (the word for bus. remember. «BHTOIlIa». 6narOAaps1. near to big store. :.0 6yJIeBap)].0 6yJIeBap)]. vel)' (much) one more question yes. TOBa e BCM"'IKO.:-H ~6HC'hH HMa 6~e e. «BHTOIlIa» e 6JIH30. at. Kora np"'CTMra TOM B 66poBe4? B 66pOBe4 np"'CTHra B AeceT "'Iaca. shop shopping mall a lot. I'm listening for. on to. Ka3Ba ce lIYM. liIMaM 6U1e eAMH Cn}f)KMTenKa MaMK'bJ1A*6HC'bH CnYlKMTenK8 MaMK'bJ1A*6HC'bH Bbnp6c.qaHe! AOBM>K. Ka>t<eTe! Kora MMa aBT06yc 3a 66pOBe4? B 6ceM "'Iaca. MMa aBT06yc 3a 66poBen: B OceM qaca.eBeTqaca. Xon~JI «illepaToH» e 6JIH30 )]. 6naroAaps!! MH6ro. is masculine!) npHCTHra B 66poBen: B )]. ~ In this unit you will learn • how to ask people where they come from and what they do • how to tell people where you come from and what you do • how to give your nationality and marital status 5 6 7 a c '--o a--0 .TOBa e r01U1MTbpr6BCK'" 4eHTbp C MH6ro Mara3MH"'. clerk near of.

I have one child.06pe JIH n03mlBa r-)I(a KOJIHHCEbJIrapHR? 2 True or false? Say which of the following statements are true and which are false. HO CMH'bT MM 8 B AHrI1MR. Are you in Bulgaria for the first time? I know your country well. no ttap6AHocT CT8aHrl1M'IiHK8. rocno)l(a KOJIHHCHHMa ~eu. OTK'bAe CTe? OT MaH'I8CT'bp. What do you do for a job? M'b)l('bT MMe TyK. rocno)l(a KOJIHHC He n03HaBa MapK H BHOJIeTa .eHBHC.and less formal . 3a n'bpBM n'bT 11MCT8 B 5'b11rapMR? n03HaB8M CTp8HaT8 BM A06p6. TOM III HeBeH8 )KeHa My BIIIOl1eTaca l)'K cera. >KeH8H e 38 6i. some formal . HeBeH8 TaKa.nrapKa.lJ. n03HaB8Te nM M8PK A8MBMc? KaK'bB e TOM? >KypHaI1McT. V1MaTe11111 Ael. HOCIIIHbTMill e B AHrIllII~. rOcno~HH H rocno)l(a KOJIHHCHMaT e~HH CHH. who has just arrived at the hotel and is wishing to register. Mb)f(l. Do you know Mark Davies? What does he do for a job? (He's a) journalist.a. Right. What does your husband do for a job? He's a teacher. HeBeH8 e? r-)I(a K611MHC AHrIllll4aHIIIH 11111 He.no Hap6AHocT CTe aHrJU14aHKa. (asking a woman) a translator/ interpreter (woman) Are you married? (asking a d e f As. 3a nbpBIII nbT 11111 B 5bl1raplII~? CTe HeBeH8 r-)I(a K611MHC He. OT AHrJU1~.T Bill IIIAeTeTo Bill l)'K 11111 ca? HeBeH8 r-)I(a K611MHC Mb)f(l. n03HaBaM CTpaHaTa Bill A06pe.B e r-H KOJIHHCno npo<}>ecHR? . >KeHeH e 3a 6bl1rapKa. OM'b)l(8H8 C'bM. KaKbB e TOM? >KypHanlilcT.DOialogue Nevena is now asking Mrs Collins.T BM MA8TeTO BM TyK 11MC8? woman) Yes. TOM C'b~O n03HaB8 5'b11rapMR A06pe. KaKBa CTe no npoepeclII~? r-)I(a K611MHC npeBOAa4Ka. OMb)KeHaCbM. rocno)l(a KOJIHHCe 3a nl. Have you any children? Yes. K8K'bB 8 M'b)l('bT BM nonpo~MR? TOM 8 Y"IMT8n.)I(eHa JIH e r-)I(a KOJIHHC? TR HMa JIH ~eu.questions about herself and her family. MM8Te 11M A84i? As. By nationality you're English. My husband is here. HeBeH8 OrKbA8 CTe? r-)I(a K611MHC Or MaH4eCTbp. OT AHrI1MR.l8? HeBeH8 r-)I(a K611MHC Aa. from England.T Mill e l)'K.pBH nbT B EbJIrapHR. He's married to a Bulgarian. TOM M)l(8Ha My BMOneT8 ca TyK cera.T Bill no npoepeclII~? HeBeH8 r-)I(a K611MHC TOMe Y4Ii1Tel1. n03HaBaTe 11111 MapK AeMslllc? HeHH8 r-)I(a K611MHC He. aMeplIIKaHe4. Questions 1 Try to answer the questions a b c d e f OTKb~e e r-)I(a KOJIHHc? KaKBa e r-)I(a KomIHc no npo<}>ecHR? OMl. OMb)KeHa 11111 CTe? HeBeH8 r-)I(a K611MHC Aa.a? KaKl. He also knows Bulgaria well. KaKBa CTe no npocl)6cMR? Where are you from? From Manchester.lJ. IiIMaMeAH6 AeTe. KaKbB e Mb)f(l. Are your husband and your child here? a Married or single? >K9HeH/He>K9HeH and OM"b>KeHalHeOM"b>KeHa In Bulgarian there are two different words for married. MM8M8AH6 A8T6. M'b)I(i. He and his wife Violeta are here now. When referring to a man who is married. but my son is in England. . TOMcb~O n03Hasa 5bl1raplII~ A06pe. T8Ka. I am (married). you say TOM 8 )l(eHeH (from )l(8Ha wife. rOcno~HH KOJIHHCe ytIHTeJI. Rewrite the false ones: a b c rocno)l(a KOJIHHCe OT JIHBbpnyJI. He CbM 3a nbpBIII nbT B 5b11raplII~.

2Ceua CLM. If he is single you say TOM H8 e )I(eH8H. For a man • Asking someone what job they do and saying what job you do 83 cbMlHe cbM } TH CWHe CH TOH e/He a SHe cTe/He CTa 83 CbM/He cbM } TH CWHe CH TSl e/He a SHe cTe/He CTa Kald. she is husbanded). have -K8 on the end. He. No. he is wifed). if you are unmarried. I'm a waiter. In everyday speech.*eua JIB CHIcre? .lJ.p CLM. ue c1. . If she is single you say TJI He e OM"b)l(eH8.oM'i. I'm a doctor. You will notice that the words have the appropriate feminine or masculine endings: -8 for the woman and a consonant for the man.lJ. A3 CLM Y'ulTeJl/Y'lirreJI CLM. ue c1. OM'blKeH8 (lK8HeH8) Remember that the H8 is not emphasized. He. He. I'm a translator/interpreter. separated). however. however. pa3&e. Where are you from ? I'mfrom Glasgow. Words ending adding -K8: in -ell or -MH. A3 CLM JleKapKal JIeKapKa CLM.lit. OTK'L. CeKpeTapKa CLM. Are you married? Yes.eUCLM. drop these letters before 6bnrapMH a Bulgarian (male) aMeplilK8H8L1an American (male) KaHSAeLl a Canadian (male) 6bnrapK8 a Bulgarian (female) aMeplilK8HK8 an American (female) KaHSAK8 a Canadian (female) How do you say it? • Asking where someone is from and saying where you are from ~e CH?OT M8Jriecn. For a woman KaKsa CHIcre no npoct»ecHH? A3 CLM Y'llITeJIKal I'm a teacher. the emphasis is placed on the forms of C'bM. I am married. if you are a woman and are married._ No. As the stress marks show.a. for example.ecTe? A3 CLM OT rmhroy. I am married. The words )I(eH8H and OM"b)l(eH8 are also used when filling in forms asking for your marital status.2Ceueu CLM.lJ. When referring to a woman who is married. you will enter OM"b)l(8H8.ZJ. A3 CLM npeso. Here. If you are divorced you will enter P83B8A8H or P83B8A8H8 (lit.a •• CLM. Fora woman OM'i. He.M oM'i. A3 CLM cepsHTL6pl CepsHTL6p CLM. you should join up the words (as in English!) and put either H8)1(eH8H if you are a man or HeoM"b)l(8H8 if you are a woman.a ••1 "peso. I'm divorced. I'm a doctor. No.ZJ.s CHIcre no npoct»eCHJI? I'm a teacher. No. • Saying whether you are married or not For a man )KeHeu JIB CHIcre? .lJ.2Ceua. Where are you from ? I'm from Manchester.M *eueu. you will find that a married woman will say of herself )I(eH8H8 C'bM. Y ••••TeJlKa CLM.eUa CLM. Still on the subject of masculine and feminine. I am not married. Often the -K8 is simply added to the corresponding masculine noun: CTYA8HTstudent (male) ~MTe/1 teacher (male) CTYA8HTK8student (female) ~MTe/1K8 teacher (female) Are you married? Yes.woman . A3 CLM JleKapl JIeKap CLM. you will notice that many naming words for women. in official documents. especially for nationalities and professions. I'm not married. A3 CLM ceKpeTapKal I'm a secretary. pa3se. Thus. however.lJ. I'm divorced. and if you are a man and married )I(eH8H.a. you say TJI 8 OM"b)l(8H8 (lit.

These are short form possessive pronouns: If you are interested in their nationality. Grammar 1 KaKbB? KaKBa? These are the masculine and feminine forms of the question word KaKBo?what? You already know K8KBOfrom KaKBo e TOBa?what is that? where the neuter form is being used in a question. However. since all naming words in Bulgarian have either a masculine.• Referring to your family With definite article*: Without definite article*: 6a6a MH 6ama MH 6paT MH 6paTOB'Ib(Ka) . The club is next to the post office. depending on the situation. . There is a telephone in the bank. If you are interested in someone's profession you will ask: (of a man) (of a woman) KaK'bB CTe DOnpocI)ecuH:? What do dofi .rraM. Most masculine naming words add XOTeJfLT e 6mbo. a child and the child is expressed in Bulgarian in the following way: Masculine Feminine Neuter M'b>K MH cTpaH8 AeT9 becomes becomes becomes ceCTpa *See Grammar sections 2 and 3 below. . -'bT The hotel is nearby.T MH CIlll'i. KaKBa for a feminine one and K8KBOfor a neuter. feminine or neuter ending. When you want to fmd out more about specific persons or things you have to use KarlB for a masculine word.. b? KaKBa CTe DOnpocI)ecuH:? you oraJo.L{L~epHMH ~o MH )Keoa MH Mma MH MH 2 my grandmother my father my brother my cousin my daughter my grandfather my wife my mother my sister -'bT. From this you can see that the Bulgarian equivalent of the English definite article the is added to the end of the word. He is an Englishman. And.? KaKBa CTe DORap6~OCT? t IS your ""'''J. a country and the country. He is a businessman.IJ. natioM". KlIy6'LT e . However.O nomaTa. CB066. you will ask: (of a man) (of a woman) KarlB CTe DORap6~OCT? Wha . in order to make the meaning clear.T MH my child my husband my son 1be difference between a man and the man.lUla. feminine (-Ta) and neuter (-TO) forms of the defmite article. AnapTaMeHT'LT e ro.IJ. Toil: e 6H3HecMeH. often have to be phrased more precisely. The coffee is nice.hlTa e cB06o. The room is free.I:IT. Is the seat free? 3 MM and 8M (or BM) My and your In the dialogue you met one of the ways of saying my and your in BUlgarian.B (or KaKBa) directed at persons. -T8. -TO Neuter naming words add That is why. -TO the ~eTho MH ML'Id. He is tall and handsome. B 6aHKaTa HMa TeJIecPoH. KacPeTOe xy6aBo. Toil: e aHrmllniHHH. almost all nouns ending in -TeJl or -ap add -JIT and all masculine nouns ending in -i first drop the -i and then add -JlT: Y'lHTeJl JIeKap MY3ei TPaMBai TPoJIei '1ai teacher doctor museum tram trolleybus tea yqHTeJDIT JIeKaptiT MY3eJIT TPaMBaJIT TPoJIeJIT qaJIT the the the the the the teacher doctor museum tram trolleybus tea Feminine naming words add -Ta CT:. When you use KanB (or KaKBa or KaKBo) you are essentially asking what someone or something is like.lU10 JIMe MBCTOTO? The child is big . BO. questions with KaId. the simple question KarlB e MliiiKLJI ~OOC'bo? may have at least three possible meanings: What is Michael Johnson like? What does Michael Johnson do for a job? What is Michael Johnson's nationality? Possible answers might be: Toil: e BlfCOKIf xy6aB. without the T.neT~O e rOJIBMo. The flat is big.:'nae xy6aBa. The water is nice. there are also masculine (-'loT)pronounced -'10.

rui. r-)I(a K6JIHHC no Hap6.M1>)I(l. The stresses are indicated by an acute accent.CTe. ca.)I(eHa.n.n:IDI C1>M. Model: r-H K6JIHHCe yqHTeJI. It is very important to remember that.H6.n. OT r-H K6JIHHc? Hp. a TR e OT C6<l>HJI.eTt~ OMl. r-H K6JIHHc.el(.HMaM.e MapK H BHOJIeTa ca ~eilBHc? vii HMaTe JIH .n.aqKa.HocT? ____ C1>M. etc.H. MR T M1>)I(l.e HHKoJIail? e ill Kana c JIeKap C1>M.HocT? iv OT HpJIaH.) ( HpJIaH.M yqHTeJIKa. He _ ____ CTe no rrpO<l>ecHJI? ____ C1>M.n. He _ ____ CTe no rrpo<l>eCHJI? ____ C1>M. .el(JIH cTe? He.JIliH.n.B CTe no rrpo<l>eCHJI? vi OTK1>. KaKBa? JIH. Toil He e rrpeBo. This exercise will help you learn some words for the professions and also to practise using words for marital status.HoCT? WOTJIaH.e. 30.n:Ka C1>M.n.n.e? . d ):{a.HocT? ____ C1>M. ways of saying my.o6pe. h MMaM)]. TR e OT MaHqeCT1>p. He---____ CTe no Hap6.B CTe no Hap6. 3a nl. f He. You will learn other.n. Exercises 1 Have another look at the dialogue. CTpaHaTa BH.n.n.n. using the information given.n.JITapKa JIH cTe? He.the word for my.n. in later units. and BB your. Toil e )l(eHeH(He e )l(eHeH). He _ ____ CTe no Hap6.I'm a student.n.r-)I(a K6JIHHC. He Cl.n.n.B or KaKBa to form the appropriate question and choose the correct gender form from the list of occupations and nationalities: Model: YqliTeJIKa JIH CTe? He. b ):{a. as an exception to the general rule. Use KllId. JIH? npeBo.B E1>JITapmI. c CepBHTh6p JIH cTe? He. but for the time being here is a full list of all the short form possessive pronouns used with the word anapTaMeHTflat: anapTaM9HTbT MM anapTaM9HTbT TM anapTaM9HTbT My anapTaM9HTbT it my flat your flat his flat her flat anapTaM9HTbT anapTaM9HTbT HM BMlBM CHno Hap6.HJIIreland) JIH cTe? ( v KaKl. Write out a short description of the following people. BB T . come after the naming word and that the naming word here has the defInite article added. AHrJIHqaHHHJIH cTe? He. r-)I(a K6JIHHc? r-)I(a K6JIHHc.e.Ben.n. n03HaBaM a JIeKapKa JIH cTe? He. then rearrange the following words to form sentences: a b c d e f g 2 e.eQcl. . the little word for her.el(a? viii OTK1>. with most words for relatives the naming word has to be used without the defInite article. KaKl. d Match these questions and answers (often the gender will be a useful clue): ii IIpeBo.pBH n1>T. H. C npeBOAS'-I CTyA9HT ceKpeTspKa n9Kap y"u1TenKa wO¢b6p (driver) aMepMKSHe4 MpnsHAKa aHrnM'-ISHKa WOTnSHAKa MpnsHAe4 womsHAe4 our flat your flat Remember that B. your. He Cl. e.n.eHTKa C1>M.el( 1>M. Complete the dialogues (a) to (d) below. KaKBa CTe no npo<PecHJI? CTy. is always written with a grave accent so as to distinguish it from the word B meaning and. You will fmd a list on p.n.enho BB CHHl.aq (translator) JIH e i OT MaHqecThp JIHe r-)I(a K6JIHHc? a Hp.TMR my husband your husband (polite) your child (polite) my son You will notice that MR. Then read the answer in the Key out loud. e Toil e OTBapHa.n. OTK1>. b El. g Toil e OTOiHTa Eap6apa.aq. Toil e OT MaHqecnp. .HoCT.n.M HpJIaH. longer and less conversational.

HHe! Ho TO e cTY)J.atIKa. TOM e aHrJIHtIaHHH.eHT e OT rJIa3roy.) .)KoP)J. and indicate your marital status.)KeHeH HHKonaM. rocno)J.HocT? .l]..my wife). say what you do for a job and where you come from.. KaKbB e ytIHTeJIRTno Hapo)J. wine.ceKpeTapKa . What would you say when introducing the following people to a new Bulgarian acquaintance? (Beware of the vanishing definite article with the words for certain relatives!): a b C your husband your son your daughter your brother your sister a 10 If asked to show your passport.atIKa e OT MaHtIeCTbp.lJ. . M KaKbB e JIeKapU no Hapo)J. should be referred to as TO.p . nn a b c d e f g h MapK .rrHCT e OT CaHTa Eap6apa.)KOHC'hH . Complete and read out the following: C d e f CepBHThOp r-xca KOJJHHC CepBHThOp r-xca KOJJHHC CepBHThOp r-xca KOJJHHC CepBHThOp r-xca KOJJHHC EHpaTa BH.ee TOM? Nor does Mrs Collins like her beer.HHe! qau BH. Ha H3TOKrpaHHQaTa (the border) e -Ha ceBep rpaHHQaTa e peKll. (town) -- 8 Answer the questions below following this model: KaK ce Kll3Ba M'h)KbTBH/TH? KaK ce Kll3Ba MaMKa BH/m? M'h)KbT MH ce Kll3Ba HBaH. TOnJIo).npeKTop e OT Eyprac.)KeHa MH!Meet my wife! (lit.. a b C TOBa e __ Ha E'bJIrapHH. your reservation (pe3epBaQHR) or your ticket (6HJIeT)? 11 Look at the map of Bulgaria overleaf. soup and tea hot.aMTe.HocT? qau e xy6aB.MfuI.. .O)KHHtIKa e OT COiPHR.He )KeHeH r-)Ka KOJIHHC npeBo)J... XY)J.. rocno)Ko! BHHOTOBH.HB OMb)KeHa .l].OMb)KeHa HN:vi .aTa BH.'hmepH BH/TH? Ka3Ba 6ama m? (AH)J.eTeTo BHITH? Kll3Ba MaMKa BHITH? Ka3Ba )KeHa BH/m? Kll3Ba )J.lIl. d e . How would you reply if asked to show your visa (BH3a). cyna (soup). MaMKa MH ce Kll3Ba EJIeHa.He OMb)KeHa AImplO .. Mrs Collins has taught her husband some expressions to use in restaurants.TOBa e naCn6pT'hT MH..o)l(HJffi(a(artist) .BapHa .Iecn. water or gin warm (TOn'hJI.. DIo111 CDCD . et>oTorpaiP e OT BapHa..xy)J. He is in Bulgaria for the first time and likes his coffee.lJ.eHo!(But it's cold!) CynaTa BH. EH3HecMeH e OT qeJIMciPop)J. TOM e lliOTJIaH)J. etc. rocno)Ko! BO)J. TH and Toil respectively! Model: CepBHTh6p r-H KOJIHHc KaiPeTo BH.Hp6KTOp (director) .cry)J. Read the model and then practise with him. TOnJIa.TIOB)J. CTY)J. read and then answer the questions: a b c .HHe! a b CepBHThOp r-H KOJIHHc CepBHThop r-H KOJIHHc 6 To practise the use of the alternative (-SIT)form of the masculine definite article..)J. CeKpeTapKa e OT IlJIOB)J.qeJIMciPop)J.eHT.rJIll3roy . rocno)Ko! a 7 Mr Antonov introduces his wife to Michael Johnson and says: 3ano3HaMTe ce . IlpeBo)J.He )KeHeH a b C d e f KaK KaK KaK KaK KaK KaK ce ce ce ce ce ce Kll3Ba CHHbT BH/m? Kll3Ba )J.I1. DIDI i: ~.Eyprac . Don't forget that Ka4Je (coffee).lIl. 5 Complete with the appropriate masculine or feminine definite forms (-bT or -Ta): a b c d e f g h )KypHa.)KeMMC HJI'hP e JIeKap.)K KOJIHHCe yqHTeJI. rocno)J. ••ail (tea).) .l]. Then complete and write out the sentences.6H3HecMeH.)KHH'hT BH.PlO) (BHKTOp) (HpHHa) (MapHR) (CHJIBHR) (iloJI) 9 Now give your own name.HB.lJ. TOM e OT AHrJIHR.iPoTorpaiP (photographer) ..)KeHeH MHJIeHa.eQ. .COiPlliI. rocno)Ko! . your reply would be: 3anoBH)J.He MaHKbJI .. Get to know one another . PeKaTa ce Kll3Ba -Ha lOr ca __ H __ CTOJlHQaTa(the capital) Ha E'bJIrapllil e rpa)].)KeHeH r-H AIrrOHOB.eHBHc )KypHanHCT OiHra Eap6apa . rocno)J. KaKbB e tIau? OTK'h)J.

3anOS~HTa! SMa n03HasaTa JIMce? If1 . . Ha. MHJIeHa HMa HHTepecHa npo$ecHJI.5I.qO>KHM4KaTa Ha epMpMaTa.HMJI (Ha) ceBep Ci.P4MJI AyHaB (Ha) :sanaA Do you understand? In the lift Nikolai and Milena meet in the lift on their way to see Nadya. -cHa. pa36Mpa ca. Aa ce 3ano3HaeM! Ka3saM ce HMKOJlaHAMMMTpos. KaepMo a rOTOSO.. HMKonsM npM~THO MM e! (They go into the office. TR a xy.~epHo) (Ha) lOr let's get acquainted here is artist firm I understand of course too. MMneHa A SMa KaKbs cTe? HMKonsM A3 CbM epOTorpaep.qpaseHTe! MMneHa Aoobp . 3anos~. HMKonsM A3 Cbl1\O.qa. the secretary. They work for the same advertising agency. Tosa e MHoro MHTepecHa npoepecMR.qO>KHM4Ka. 38no3H8MTe ce ••• (Ha) M3TOK MHTep6ceH. H8. MMJleHa. M He. -CHO MaK8A6HMJI Hap6AHOCT(f) npM"THo MM el PyMi. MMneHa Cl>oTorpaepbT Cbl1\Oe xy.qHO Kaepe? MMneHa Aa. 1 2 3 4 S HHKomlH H MHJIeHa He ce n03HaBaT.qJl lIIMaTe JIM speMe 3a a.T6nno) TYP4MJI ~epeH(~epHa. 3a Kaepe sMHarM MMaM speMa! H8. 3.qpaseH. but they don't yet know one another. HHKOJIaHe $oTorpa$. caKpeTapKaTa.qJl M6J1R.qR! 3.A8 ce 38no3HseM eTo XYA6>KHMK c1JMpMa pa36MpaM pa36Mpa ce ci. SMe KaKsa cTa? MMJleHa e xy.qO>KHMK.. MHJIeHa e ceKpeTapKaTa Ha $HpMaTa.aqo BMHarM rOT6Bo ri. HHKOJIaHH MHJIeHa HgMaT BpeMe 3a Ka~.qeH! n03HasaMe JIM ce? HMKonsM He.qpaseHTe! MOJlR.D. A SMe KaK ca Ka3saTe? MMneHa A3 ce Ka3saM MMJleHa MapMHosa. HMKonSM 3.p6MJI T6nbn(T6nna. HMKonSM Pa36MpaM.qaHTe. also always ready Greece Danube (inlto) the west meet .) ETo M H8. (inlto) the east interesting Macedonia nationality pleased to meet you! Romania (inlto) the north Serbia warm Turkey black (inlto) the south Questions Decide which of these statements are false and write out correct versions.

Q>KOHCbH. BbnpOCM 11MHMaTe? CaMO eAHH BbnpOc. 3anoB~AaHTel IIIcKaTe 11M 6b11rapCKM HeseHa BeCTHM4M? r-H A>KOHC'bH C'b>Kam1BaM. HO He pa36HpaM Ao6pe 6bl1rapcKM.qMIl8ilC8T' •• noJlOBl4Ha. HMe MMaMe S8cTH"4" •• Cf1Mc8ttMR •• He aHrnMMcKM e3MK.c o~ Q) ::J ~ ~ V~O -I. 0 In this unit you will learn • to ask about quantity • to ask and tell the time • to use some more numbers MMaM OKono neT M"Hy. a little more But what's the time? My watch has stopped! isn't working.HMaTe 11Mo~e ManKO HeseHa BpeMe? r-H A>KOHC'bH A KOI1KOe ~acbT? 4acoBHMKbT MMHe pa60TM.. The time is half past eleven.• ••HeTe. HMaM OK0110 neT MMHYrM CBo6oAHO BpeMe.. Nevena.-0 .~ ~ ~ O~ ::J Tosa e "IYA8cHo! •. I have about five minutes' free time. 3a KOI1KO BpeMe CTe B Ei'bl1rapMSI? r-H A>KOHC'bH 3a ABe ceAMM4M.. AOBH>KAaHe! MMaTe n"CMa AHec..-0 3 -::r CD 0 .. HaIlH? r-H A>KOHC'bH TO~HO TaKa. .... HeseHa 4aCbT e eAMHaHceT 101 n0I10BHHa.Q>KOHCbH! IIIMaTe nMCMaAHec.~ 3 ::J '< . How many letters? Do you want any Bulgarian newspapers? I don't understand Bulgarian very well... r-H A>KOHC'bH Aa. r-H . HeseHa TOBa npaBM ~eTMpMHaHceT HO~M B xOTel1a. r-H A>KOHC'bH TOBa e ~YAecHo! Eil1aroAap~! ~3BMHeTe. KonKO n"CMa? MCKaTe n •• 6bl1rapcK" S8cTH"4"? He pa36MpaM Ao6pe 6bl1rapcK".. B xOTel1a HHe HMaMe BecTHM4M 101 cnMcaHMSI 101 Ha HeseHa aHfIlHHcKM e3HK. KOI1KOe ~acbT cera? HeB8Ha Be~e e ABaHaHceT 6e3 ABaHceT 101 neT. •• cso66AHo spe-e. You have some letters today. ~T e e.DDialogue The morning after Mr Johnson arrives at the hotel. r-H A*OHC'bH Eil1aroAapst IIIMaM cpe~a TO~HOB ABaHaHceT ~aca. the everobliging receptionist.. r-H A>KOHC'bH nMcMa? KOI1KOnMcMa? TpM. c -::r a CD -::r .. . ~ ~ -::r 0 ~ -::r CD Clf . r-H . We have newspapers and magazines in English too. stops him in the foyer. That's wonderfuV marvellous! Excuse me . 3s oaqe ManKO A KonKo e "IaCbT? 'faeOSH ••KbT M" He pa66T".-0 ~ Q) 3 n . HeseHa Ao6bp AeH..

however. Excuse meW beg your pardon. is not really such a precise time. Be'te e ABaH8MceT 6e3 AB8MceT M neT.D. H f r -H . Alternatively. the Bulgarians say B eAMH (or ABa) 'taC8 npe3 HOIqT8. especially when referring to opening times of shops or to bus or train times. It's already twenty-five to twelve. Be'lepTa ope3 BOlI{fa in in in at the morning the afternoon the evening night Thats right!lExactly!/Precisely! That s wonderful! Whats the time? It is exactly twelve o'clock. Noon for Bulgarians. isn't he? n Morning. aren't you? Mr Johnson is in Sofiafor 14 days. noon and night The Bulgarians have no real equivalent for a. immediately after giving.lJ. That makes fourteen nights in the hotel. you will say: caM.m. b B xOTena HHMa aHrnHMCKHBecTHH~HH cIIHcaHHH. e r-H . doesn't it? Exactly so.uaJIil? r-u ~OUC'Lu e B C~HJI 3a 14 AHH.MH~a. e qacbT e . and p. a 3a r-H .ooo)).uw? • Agreeing and approving To'IHo Tad! TOBa e 'IY)). if someone invites you tor lunch (Ha o6eA) at midday (no o6eA). How long are you in Bulgaria for? 2 • Seeking agreement or confIrmation using HW? You are in Sofia for fourteen days. .BaHaMceT IIonoBHHa. • Begging someone's pardon H3BHHere! or H3BHHHBaiTe! Bile CTe B CO~BH 3a '1eTRpHHaaCeTAHH. cneA06eA In the afternoon. d HeBeHa HMa MHoro BbIIpOCH.)I(OHCbH? MCKa JIll r-H . So.D.)I(OHCbH HMa TpH IIHcMa. or you could be in for a long wait for your meal! How do you say it? Questions 1 Try to answer the questions.30 p. Do you have any questions? Just one question.m.oneTbT npMcTMra B AB8MceT M eAMH 'tacit MTpMMC8T MMHYrM.)I(OHCbH . 150JIIW IIHCMaHMa r-H .)I(OHCbH 61. they use the 24-hour clock. in situations not involving travel. B8't8PT8 in the evening and npe3 HOlqT8 at night.o6pe 61.JIrapCKH BeCTHH~H? e Pa36Hpa JIll r-H .BbnpOCM nM MMaTe? C8MO eAMH BbnpOC.n. b~ If you are merely getting together with a friend in the evening. where in English we would say at one (or two) in the morning. So.)I(OHCbH HCKaaHrnHMCKHBeCTHH~H.)I(OHCbH B EbJIrapHH 3a eMa ce. e b a • Asking How many? and How much? KOJIKo DBCMamaTe? How many letters do you have? KOJIKOBpeMe "MaTe? How much time do you have? • Asking For how long? 3a KOJIKO BpeMe eTe B ])'LJn'apBH? • Asking.D. you Will arrange to meet B AeBeT M nonoBMHa B8't8PTit.D. the t~me they insert the word CYTPMHT8 in the morning.lJ.D. and saying. To avoid misunderstanding.JIrapcKH? d KOJIIW cBo6o. HanM? TO'tHO Tad. while for the Bulgarians it goes on at least until two in the morning! One further important thing to note is that the Bulgarian word o6eA means lunch or lunchtime as well as noon or midday. I have an appointment at twelve o'clock exactly/sharp. make sure you also agree on a precise time.ecuo! • Indicating the time of day cyrpHHTa CJIe)). if your plane arrives at 9.n. It is rather the general period between midday and two.)I(OHCbH? e 3a KOJIKO BpeMe e TOMB EbJIrapIDI? (Don't forget to use 3a!) f B KOJIKO qaca HMa TOMcpem:a? (Here it is B!) True or false? Write out correct versions of the false statements.n.n.HOBpeMe HMa r-H . what the time is KOJIKo e'ladT? '1adT e TO'IHOABauaaceT. How long are you in Bulgaria for? For two weeks. HMaM Cp81q8 TO'tHO B ABaH8MceT 'tac8. 3a KOnKO Bp8Me CTe B 6bnr8pMJI? 3a ABe CeAMM4M.m. TOB8 np8BM 'teTMpMH8MCeT HOIqM B XOTena. For uS the night would seem to end at midnight.

aMepHKaHe•• qyQeHe •• mOTJlaH. I am very sorry! d by substituting -H for the singular ending in -ii.06pe. not many.OH? .lJ.MHQa aHrJIHqaHKa cP6HoKapTa pe3epBaQHB .blQepB CTaB ce.n. b by adding -H and also changing the [mal consonant singular. such as what's the time? or at what time? K6J1KOe qaci.6)KHHK 'IaC6BHHK BecT~ e3~ xy. tongues artists watches. My3eii rpaMBaii TpoJleii My3eH TpaMBaH TpOJleH museums trams trolleybuses 2 Plural of nouns The most common (but not the only) plural ending is -H. a lot of few.e •• KOMmOTbp JIHTbP MeTbp . . such as -e•• or -bp. XOTeJlbT e MH6ro xy6aB.eH aMepHK~ qYQemn.n.n. which replaces the singular ending -a or -B: ce.D.[J.)K6HCbH? K6J1KOcBo66~HO BpeMe liMa TOM? 3a K6J1KO . mOTJI~ KOMmOTpH JIHTpa MeTpH . not much }-b (b P is dropped) MH6ro is also used as the equivalent of the English very or very much: (e is dropped) r-)Ka K6J1HHCpa36lipa 6iJIrapcKH MH6ro . One of the most frequent changes is -K to -••: BeCTHHK e3HK Xy. as well as the following ones.apH MH6ro.Grammar 1 K6nKo? How many? How much? K6J1KOis the question word for quantity: K6J1KOIIHcMa liMa 3a r-H .lJ. clocks of the When K6J1KO refers to quantity. Certain combinations of vowel and consonant.IIII AmeriCans} foreigners Scots computers litres metres days -e•• (e is dropped) many. a little.6)K~ qaC6BH~ newspapers languages. You also use K6J1KO when asking questions about the time. EJlaro.n. a few.MHQR aHrJIHqaHKH cP6HOdpTH pe3epBaQHH .n. but there is no simple rule. You have already come across HOW.[J. Thank you very much. it is used to express both how many? (with naming words for concrete or countable things) and how much? (with abstract or uncountable things). It occurs with both masculine and feminine nouns.n. favour this method.oK6J1KO 'lac' pa66TH 6cPHCbT? MHoro ManKO What's the time? What time is the plane for London? Until what time is the office open? c by adding -H and also dropping the vowel that comes before the final consonant of the singular.n.ZUIH r-H . M3BHHHBaHTe MH6ro! Mrs Collins understands Bulgarian very well. have more than one syllable! Most masculine nouns of only one syllable form their plurals differently.n. The hotel is very beautifuVnice.blQepil cTaa weeks English women phonecards reservations daughters rooms The few feminine nouns which end in a consonant form their plural by adding -H to the singular.)K6HCbH e B EbJIrapml? How many letters are there for Mr Johnson? How muchfree time has he got? How many days is Mr Johnson in Bulgariafor? pecTopaHT yqliTeJl JleKap TyplicT 6cPHC pecTOpaHTH yqHTeJIH JleKapH TyplicTH 6cPHCH restaurants teachers doctors tourists offices Note that all these masculine nouns. You will learn them in Unit 7. Masculine nouns The plural ending -H is attached to masculine words in a number of ways: a by simply adding -H to the singular: aBTo6yc aBTo6ycH buses Feminine nouns The plural of feminine nouns is always -H.n.D. much. T? B K6J1KO'Iaca e caMOJleTbT 3a JI6H.

Compare: and XOTeJILT e 6. it makes! does.mIJo. she.ere. 11). MMa MH6ro TypUCTH B MY3b. Bu~gari~ conveniently has one word with a number of different meanmgs ill English. for example (see B 6<pHca at the end of the Dialogue and B pecTopaHTa on p. work . and also the easiest to learn: a3 TIll pa36io1paM pa36io1paw I understand you understand he. I'm in the hotel. Compare: ):VJe H . 3 Pa36MpaM I understand and MCKaMI want (a-pattern verbs) As with ilMaMand opHcTilraM. There are a lot of tourists in the museum. MY3eSITe Ha yJIH. you were introduced to the Bulgarian equivalent of the English defmite article the.a «l1miH Bli3oB». ".z:uniHOm: MH6ro H6ma many nights e. I do and pa66TJI I work (M-pattern verbs) a3 TH npaBW pa66TII npaBMwI pa66TMW Hio1e npaBMM! pa66TMM you make/do. the endings of these verbs contain the vowel -a-. work Bio1enpaBMTeI pa66TMTe he. works Te np8BIIT/ pa66TIIT I make/do. We can refer to them as a-pattern verbs. What are you doing? Neuter nouns The most common plural endings for neuter nouns are -a and -a. DpaBa can mean both I make and I do. The short forms of the definite article (with masculine nouns only. work TOM Tl'l }npaBM! TO pa66TM they make/do.IUIa Be'lep MH6ro Be'lepH many evenings e. too. Verbs like opaBa and pa60Ta belong to the H-pattern and are known as verbs of Conjugation 2. known as the full forms.IUIa cYTpHH MH6ro CYrPHHH many mornings As you can see. determining the ending of the verb. only used when the noun is ~e subject in the se?tence. however.lUJenpaBH '1eTHpH. You learnt to add the endings -'bT or-SIT to masculine nouns. it understands Hio1e p836io1paMe Bio19pa36io1paTe Te pa36io1paT we understand you understand they understand and TOM} Tl'l pa36io1pa TO 4 npaBJI I make. work we make/do. The hotel is near. are. These forms. A3 ChM B XOTM8. The choice is determined by the endings in the singular. after prepositions.in all their endings except the forms for I and they. she. a nouns in -0 replace the final nHCMa ceMeHcTBa -0 by -a: letters families nHcMo CeMeHCTBO 5 -a and -Jl: the short definite article Note that the stress sometimes moves to the final syllable: BUHO b BHHa wines nouns in -He replace the final -e by -a: cnHcaHHe cnHcaHHSl ynpaX<HeHHe ynpax<HeHHSl (More neuter plurals in Unit 8!) magazines exercises In Unit 3. This is the most regular and the most common pattern. remember!) are -a or -a. The museum is on Ivan Vazov Street. as ill the sentence: XOTeJILTe MH6ro xy6aB the hotel is very nice: Masculine nouns also have a short form of the definite article. npaBa and pa60TSl have -H.u. KaKB6 rrpaBHm? Two and two makes four. This short form has to be used whenever the noun is not the subject in the sentence. work you make/do. They are also known as verbs of Conjugation 3.Be'lep and cyTpllll: e.

in news bulletins on the radio or television.. TpHHCeT.1. As in English. As you listen to the different speakers on the recording.lUlHaHceT 12 .all the teens are longer! 30 40 50 60 TpHHceT (TpH~eceT) 'IeTHpHceT ('1eTHpH~eceT) neT~eCfT rneHceT (rnecT~eceT) 70 80 90 ce~eM~eceT oceM~eceT ~eBeT~eceT KOJIKOe lfaciT? (qacbT e) TpH 6e3 neT. j~~\\.t'. For times up to the half hour you give the . (1.od.~"hour first and add the minutes using the word H. (For further pronunciation changes in everyday speech.. feTItpHCeT.ZUJaHceT ~eBeT H For times after the half hour you give the number of the next hour first and take away the minutes from the next hour using the word 003 (without or less): KOJIKo e Ifaci T? (qaciT e) ce~eM 003 ~eceT. ~' 7 Numerals 11 to 100 II e.. (The time is) twenty-five past nine. what you will hear for TpaMB8HTand TpaMBaH will be TpaMBaii'L. ~! :§j K6nKO e ~acbT? "IacbT e. Abo that ~e has an alternative form ~Ba.--------------------------J '~.". l TpH..the three g. for yqirreJIHT and y'DlTeJlH you will hear yqirreJIii'L and for XOTeJILT and xOTMa.. .. twenty and two.ldm and for 12 you add -BaHceY to ~a not to ~Be.ZUJaHaHceT 13 TpHHaHceT 14 'IeTHpHHaHceT 15 neTHaHceT 16 rneCTHaHCeT 17 ce~eMHaHceT 18 oeeMHaHceT 19 ~eBeTHaHceT or (qacbT e) e.) !~t~: '. (The time is) ten past eleven. Only in formal speech. For II you add -BUceY to the masculine e..~ "it::. (the equivalent of the English -teen). to the numbers from 1 to 9.l(HHaHceT qaca H ~eceT MHHYrn.JleDlemberthat •••• has diff.Wben telling the time in Bulgarian you begin with the hours and ~i'iI1ove on to the minutes..ie. xOTem.~. KOJIKo e lfaciT? JJ:eBeTqaca H ~BaHceT H neT MHH)'TH. So. will you hear the long form articulated in full with the final -T pronounced. From 20 upwards the numerals are formed on the principle of twenty and one.lUlHaHCeTH ~eceT. with the word for and H being inserted between ~aHCeT. __ 8 Telling the time ------------------------. . 20 21 22 23 24 ~BaHceT (~Ba~eceT) ~BaHceT H e~6/e~HH/e~Ha ~BaHceT H ~Be/ ~Ba ~BaHceT H TpH ~BliHceT H 'IfTHpH 25 26 27 28 29 ~BaHceT H neT .6 A note on pronunciation The -a and -H of the short forms are not fully pronounced.given in brackets . 100 CTO . but are reduced to the sounds -'L and -H'Lrespectively. '" I '. the words for hours and minutes can be omitted: I:) :~ f~' KOJIKo e Ifaci T? E.etc..! #. or when people feel they need to be 'ultra-correct' in their speech. Although in written Bulgarian a distinction is still made between the short and the long form. Be careful to distinguish between ~aBaHceT (12) and ~uceT (20) . There are alternative more formal spellings and pronunciations .) . when speaking it is normal to ignore the final T of the full form and to pronounce the endings as if they were the short form. and e~o. as in ~Ba Ifad two o'clock. The numbers from 11 to 19 are formed by the addition of -BaiiceT. etc. etc. for example.rent Co= Co. What is the time? The time is. (More about this in Unit 8. see if you can detect any difference.for some numbers.ZUJaHceT rneCT H ~BaHceT H ce~eM ~BaHceT H 6ceM . look again at the Appendix. ~l+.

tagged on the end of statements making them into questions seeking conftrmation.n: KOJIKO MHHYTH 3aMHHaBa aBT06yc'LT 3a C~OKOB? (qaetT e eMH H nOJIOBHHa.n:HHaHeeT H neTHaHeeT.n:BaHceT H neT. Bulgarians learning English have great difficulty with our different forms. Now use the short version of the times omitting 'Iaca and MHHjm.n: KOJIKOMHHYrH 3aMHHaBa aBT06yc'LT 3a liaHKR? In how many minutes does the bus leave for Bankya? • ABT06yc'LT 3a liaHKR 3aMHHaBa CJIe. Exercises 1 Make full sentences using the information on the bus departures Kora UMa CaMOJIeT3a BapHa? •. (qactT e e. but as you will see from the following examples.) CJIe.? The hotel is very nice.ll:X<OHCbH? 1 1 1 .n:eeeT 6e3 neT.".n: KOJIKOMHHyTH 3aMHHaBa aBT06yc'LT 3a liopoBe~? (qaetT e mecT H .n: eTHaHeeT n MHHYrH..45 11. 10.20 13.~ . does he? In conversational c Answer these questions reading out the times on the clocks. :. is very easy for us to use.? Bue He CTe 6tJITapKa.? I1MaTe caMo e.1HaBa (departs) npl.50 17. don'l you? He doesn't want Bulgarian newspapers.? TOH He UCKa6tJITapcKH BecTHH~H. answer the following questions.n:UHB'Lnp6c.30 13.) CJIe.aTa Ha r-H . XOTeJThTe MHoro xy6aB.25 3a (to) Manb6BI.Bulgarian has alternative forms for half past and the quarters: or OceM H nOJlOBOa oeeM H TpHiceT Model: ABT06yC'LT 3a __ 3aMHHaBa B __ qaca H __ MHHYrHH npHCTHra B __ qaca H __ MHHYTH. Looking at the timetable above.. are you? You do only have one question. .Y .n: KOJIKO MHHyTH3aMHHaBa aBT06ycbT 3a Ma. Ham. . ...~~.1CTl1ra (arrives) 15 6.Ham. " i.."" .1L\a 6aHKSl CaMOKOB 66pOBeL\ Kora 3aMHHaBam 3a C04>HR? B KOJIKO qaca e CpelIJ.) CJIe. a Kora npHCTHra CaMOJIeThT OT JIOHJl:OH? I!I . isn'l it? Youare not Bulgarian.35 9.. Best use the 24-hour clock! PA3nMcAHME (Timetable) 3aMI.10 10. Ham.) CJIe.JIbOBH~a? B KOJIKO qaca 3aMHHaBa aBT06yC'LT 3a ITJIOBJl:HB? Bulgarian you will often hear the word Ham.~ W and arrivals board below. In English there is no proper one-word equivalent for Ham. Ham. and you have to repeat the verb in the negative to achieve the same effect. (the actual time is given in brackets): or or ITeT 003 'IerB'LpT neT 003 nemaaCeT a b meCT H 'IerB'LpT meCT H neTHaaCeT Model: (qaetT e . Ham.

[(Bece. HaM nHe Ka4>eToc MaJIKO3axap.[(Be. C Ml1JIKO MAAKO.30 '"Iac8 AnTEKA (Pharmacy) Pa66THo BpeM8 OT 9 AO 21 '"lacs PECTOpAHT Pa66THo BpeMe OT 18 AO 23'"1aca c d e f KaKB6 npaBH HaM? C K6JIKO3axap nHe Ka4>eToHaM? C K6JIKO3axap nHe Ka4>eToHHKOJIaH? KaKB6 Ka4>eHCKaMHJIeHa? KaK 06H'IaT Te KacPeTO C MH6ro HJIHC Ml1JIKO MAAKO? KaK 06H'IaTe Ka4>eToBHe? nOAApb~l-1 (gifts) CnA.ll:HecHMallI TpH lIHcMa H .?) 6e3 3axap.l:( H OT 2 '1aca . Te 06H'IaT (like) Ka4>eToC Ml1JIKO MAAKO. C MH6ro Ml1JIKO 3axap (with very little sugar) 8 Continuing the milk and sugar theme. HanH? CepBHTbOpKa . HanH? A more natural way to read the notices would be to use paooTH and a 12-hour clock. Try it here.l:(a. cakeshop) CYTPMHOT 10 AO 13 '"Iaca cneA66eA OT 14 AO 19 '"Iaca CYTPMHOT 8 AO 12 '"lacs cneA66eA OT 16 AO 20 '"Iaca Expressions to use C'LC3axap with sugar (when c is used before a word beginning with c or 3 it is extended to C'bC. HMa Do you take sugar (3aXap) and milk (MJlRKo)?Read and then answer the questions: CeKpeTapKaTa HaM nHe (is drinking) Ka4>e c HHKoJIaH H MHJIeHa.l:( '1eTHpH.1:(0 Now complete the sentences as if answering the question . questions to which the following ask could be answers. HanH? a _ CepBHTLopKa .ll:a. TypitcTKa Ka4>ho e C'bC3axap. C MaJIKO3axap. a b c B XOTeJIaHMa . C MH6ro 3axap. a b 5 Read the notices below: ~EHTPAnHA nOIJ. HMa Ml1JIKO 3axap.l:( H OT '1eTHpH '1aca cJIe. e EpaT MH npHCTHra CJIe. a MHJIeHa HCKaKa4>e6e3 3axap. C MaJIKO3axap. Complete the right-hand column using the model and observing the change to the short definite form with 'Iail: TypitCTKa B 'lag HMa 3axap.l:( 6ceM '1aca Be'lepTa.[(BeaMepHKaHKH.) e f b 7 r-H H r-)I(a K6JIHHCca B C64>HKOT TpH . TypitcTKa qan e C MAAKO.l:(BaHaHceT'1aca Ha 66e. r-H .l:(HH '1aca Ha 66e. 9 . this exercise will help you practise different ways of saying the same thing.l:(eceT'1aca. C Ml1JIKO MAAKO. . .[(HH.l:\KApHl-1~ (patisserie.ll:a.o KOmcO'Iaca paooTH•••? using the 12-hour clock: a b c d IT6IQaTa __ OT 7 '1aca cyTpHHTa . C MaJIKO3axap.1:(0.30 '1aca a AmeKaTa pa66TH OT 9 .l:(HH.__ pa66m __ 10 '1aca _ . adapting the statements with 003 (without).ll:a. 6 To practise using KOJIKO.1:(0 e.1:(0 8. HHKoJIaH HCKa Ka4>eC MH6ro 3axap.l:(MHIUI CTe B'bB BapHa? (When 8 is used before words beginning with the letters 8 or • it is extended to 8'b8. . anH? H b _ CepBHTLopKa .ll:)I(6HC'bH . for example: Man13HH'LT 3a nO. anH? H c _ CepBHTLopKa .lI.l:(BeKapTH'IKH(postcards). TypitcTKa Ka4>eTo e C MAAKO.l:(ap'bQH pa66TH OT 6ceM '1aca cyTpHHTa .remember what happened to 8 before Band . You can also use HW in negative questions. The short dialogues on the left below present identical situations as those on the right.ll:a. Notice that the answer can be with He or .4 Answer the questions below presuming that: a b d C i ii iii you are staying in Bulgaria for 12/15/20 days you are staying in the hotel for 3/13 nights you are staying in Varna for one/two weeks 3a K6JIKOrom CTe B E'bJInipHg? 3a K6JIKOH6IQHCTe B XOTeJIa? 3a K6JIKO Ce. ABT06yc'bT 3aMHHaBa B .1:(0 '1aca 7 . PecTOpaHT'LT pa66TH --6 -11'1aca -. Concentrate on the numbers involved and don't forget to repeat the prepositions. qan e C'bC3axap.ll:a.1:(0 9 . r-H .l:(MHQH.lA Pa66THo ap8Me (opening hours) OT (from) 7 I¥J (to) 20.l:(eQa.l:(66e./:()I(6HC'bH B E'bJIrapHg 3a .

L\ 6JU1:30. 6e3 MJIJlKO e.6n8rOA8p~ MH6roi ceAHMI HOBMHe 38MMHaB8M. CeAHHI 7 8 HHKOJIaH 3aMHHaBa 3a illOTJIaH. BbB q. qaHT e 6e3 3axap. AHrJIHqaHHHbT pa36Hpa 61. to practise using the full and short definite article. A3 He 3HaS'lKbAe e 4enMcq.. <l>HpMaTa e B qeCTbp4JHHJI.a. <l>HpMaTa e B MaJIbK rpa. MaHKbJI )l.B qaH HJlMa MJIJlKO.L\e Kb.L\.L\Be (JIerJI6 bed).H8nH? MH6ro xY68B8 HOBMHa. 7 H 9 (rpaMBaH).L\e Kb. HaJU1:? C ----)l.HPM8T8? He. HJlMa.L\.L\e Kb.L\e e qeJIMc$op.nr8pcKM.L\e e e e e e e XOTeJIbT? (pecTopaHT) peCTOpaHTbT? (xoTeJI) TeaTbpbT? (Mara3HH) Mara3HHbT? (TeaTbp theatre) My3eHT? (napK park) napK'hT? (My3eH) 1 2 3 4 S 6 Do you understand? Dialogue Mr Antonov has some good news for Nikolai. BbB $HpMaTa HMa MH6ro $oTorpa$H.\).YM HMa MH6ro -__ (np0. . II1M8MxY68B8 HOBMHa.a. --JIH ca r-H H r-)I(a K6JIHHC? (aMepHKllHeI. ' •••• KoneM ••••• AHT6HOB "MKonaM r-tI AHT6HOB •••• KoneM >r-H AHT6HOB ·HMKonaM J'-H AHT6HOB "MKoneM r-H AHT6HOB HMKonaM r-H AHT6HOB HMKoneM r-H AHT6HOB HMKoneM ----- 10 Use the words in brackets in the plural: a r-H H r-)I(a K6JIHHC HCKaT cTaH C . never mind which town small. HMKonaH.\). h Ha 6YJIeBap.M nM HM8 BbB q. HaJU1:? b _ )l. using the words in brackets with the preposition ~o: a KOMrp8A M8nbK.L\e Kb.ManK8. HaJU1:? 8 )l. b C r-H H r-)I(a K6JIHHC ca (qy)l(. Ho .L\OJI6H. ..L\HH.\aTa HMa MH6ro CnHpKa Ha (qy)l(.L\eHKll foreigner t). -Baw 8HrnMMcKM HMLI40 d e f g assistant t).OPA.M8nKO MOAepH8 TexHMK8 cn8A sit down! news to leave/depart English no matter.L\aBaqKa shop 6n8rOA8p~. 38 K6nKO AHM? 38 ABaHceT AHM.a. 11 Finally. TypitCTlC8 CepoHTL6pK8 TypitCTK8 CepoHTb6pK8 TypitCTK8 CepoHTL6pK8 Ka4>ero e 6e3 MJIJlKO. HHKOJIaH He 3Hae Kb. 83 He p836Hp8M 8HrnHHCKMI HH140. 4enMCQloPA e ManbK rp8A 6nH30 AO n6HAOH. Ham1:? He.oPA. answer the following questions. 6e3 3axap e.L\HH.L\KapHHI. r-H AHT6HOB 38noB~A8H.nrapCKH (BeCTHHK). b c d e f Kb.)I(6HCbH He HCKa 61.HPM8T8? B 4enMcq. HO HM8 MH6ro KOMnKlTpM M MOAepH8 TexHMK8. Xy68B8 HOBMHa. Ka$eTO e 6e3 3axap. TOH 3aMHHaBa CJIe.nrapcKH. MH6ro QloTorpaq. MaHKbJI )l.L\ L\eCeT.L\eHeI. MH6ro MHTepecHo! B KOH rp8A e q. B CJIa.HPM8T8 HM8 eAHH 8Hrnw·laHMH. B :U. TOH pa36Hpa . 4YAecHo! Kora 38MMHaB8M? CneA TpM ceAMM4M.a.L\OH. little the latest equipment after True or false? Write out correct versions of the false statements. HJlMa/ )l.L\e Kb.L\o6pe aHrJU1:HCKH. 6e3 3axap e. K6HTO p836Hp8 61.38MMHaB8W 38 AHrnMS'I.)I(6HC'hH pa36Hpa MH6ro (e3HK). HHKOJIaH HMa MH6ro (Bbnp6c).L\ «BHTorna)) HMa H6Mep 1.

Ho KOsl e r->K8 K611Io1HC? e 3H8sl KOsl e TSl. AHrIllo1'18HIo1 Ma S MH6ro CTpaHH no H cseT8. no CUTS Ho He MH6ro aHrnM'tSHM rOB6pAT 6ltnrapcKM. 4>peHcKIo1e e3HK'bT. KaKsH e3H4M 3H8eTe? 4>peHCKM. 1013sIo1HeTe 3a MMHYTal Pa36Hpa ce.HeseHa? 3a C'b>KaneHlo1e. He. You speak Bulgarian well.) K611KO MHTepecHol AHrIllo1'18HIo1. KOHTO ros6pSlT 6bl1rapcKIo1! other English people Not surprising. but Mrs Collins speaks better. K6MTO >KMSee S 4eI1Mc<PoPA· MH6ro MM e npMslTHol (Echoing Mrs Collins in Bulgarian. MH6ro 6bnrapM ros6pSlT 'IY>KAMe3H4M. r-H A>t<6HCbH. o '< o c (J) r-H A*6HC'bH HeB6Ha r-H A*6HC'bH HeB6Ha r-H A*6HC'bH HeB6H8 "'0 CD OJ A •. 55 IDa i·fll s· Ral ~i r-H A*6HC'bH HeB6Ha r-H A*6HC'bH HeB6Ha o c. eTo r-H M r->K8 K611Io1HCI (Calls out to them. rocn6>K1014e. TOS8 e SslpHO. pyCKIo1101 Io1cn8HcKIo1. KOM ros6plo1 n6-A06pe? r->K8 K611Io1HC. KOslTO >Klo1sees CT8sl H6Mep AeceT..3H8eTe 11101. Ho He MH6ro aHrIllo1'18HIo1os6psn 6bl1rapcKIo1! SHe r ros6plo1Te 6b11rapcKIo1 A06pe.) nplo1slTHOMIo1 e! (Aside. aHrIlHMCKIo1 6H3HecMeH. 8Me rOB6pMTe 6ltnrapcKM A06p6. HO r-" K6nMHC rOB6pM n6-A06p6. r->K8 K611Io1HC.3an03H8MTe ce. S XOTel1a HMa 101 'Ie APyrlo1 aHrIllo1'18HIo1? HH~o 'IYAHO. H rOS6pSl 3a aHrIllo1'18HKaTa.DOialogue Although you do not need a third person to introduce you to someone in Bulgaria. . TOS8 e rOCnOAHHA>t<6HCbH. A SHe ros6plo1Te 11101 aHrIlHMCKIo1.) r-H K611Io1HC. K6MTO ros6pSl H8M-A06pe. A.n 0. in the world But not many English people speak Bulgarian. Ho 3H8sl HslKOI1KO APyrlo1 e3HKa.••• K6m'Hc HeB6Ha CO (J) m :J ::J "-0 r-" K6nMHc r-HK6nMHC HeB6Ha In this unit you will learn • how to ask people if they speak your language • how to ask people what languages they speak • how to say what languages you know APyrM aHrnM'tsHM HMaqo'tYAHO. HO r->K8 K611Io1HC ros6plo1 n6-A06pe.3ApaseMTe! M611Sl. Nevena's natural Bulgarian curiosity enables the English botel guests to get to know one another.

e3HKrOB6pH r-)I(a K6JIHHCMH6ro )].the last written using English letters and pronounced AJKMeceM). you will be reassured to know that English is now quite widely spoken in Bulgaria. K6MTO 8 rOB6pSl HaM-A06p8..• B 6pSlr (Sunny e Beach) and ~epHO MOpe (the Black Sea). coupled with the widespread use of mobile phones (Mo6MneH T8n. r-)I(a K6JIHHC rOB6pH 6l. 8MepMK8H8l1.French).• HKaTa.06pe. 2 True or false? Write out correct versions of the false statements. HeMKMHSl(HeMcKM . K6JIHHC e aMepHKaHKaTa.e HMa aIITJIH'IaHH? KaKl. Cn'bH •. . the need for ever-increasing strings of numbers.JITapH rOB6pJIT '1y)l()]. a b c d MH6ro aHrJIH'IaHH rOB6pJlT 6l. especially by the younger generation in the larger towns.e )l(HBee r-H .) :I: o en Big or small? When to use capital le~ers Bulgarian uses far fewer capital letters than English. 8M8pMKaHK8 (8MepMK8HCKM). However. a 8HrnM •. just a minute an English businessman who lives in Chelmsford How interesting! English people who speak Bulgarian! e f TJI rOB6pH pyCKHHaH-)]. and cj)P8HlIY3MH. TOBa 8 BRpHO. 8HrnM •. MCnaH8l1.~M~:Cocj)MMCKM. tram and bus drivers and policemen. M3BMH8T8 38 MMHjTa aHrnMMcKM 6M3H8CMBH. The names of nationalities and the national languages all begin with small letters. With Shop-assistants.BapHa:B8pHeHCKM. a b c d e f Kb)]. That's true. HeBeHa He 3Hae alITmlHCKH. However. A 8MB I"OB6ptn8 nM awnMicKM? 38 C'b)l(aneHM8 Ho 3HU HRKonKo APyrM 83MKa. although you might still venture a timid rOB6pMTe nM 8HrnMMcKM? you would probably do best to resort to your Bulgarian straightaway. KaKBM 83MlIM 3HaBT8? cj)p8HCKM pyCKM McnaHcKM CDp8HCKM 83MK'bT. others in threes. :1:.lJ. Some speakers group the digits in pairs. excuse me. You will usually find Englishspeakers on the reception desks of big hotels. as in English.Spanish). lei •• III S·"O ::'0:l:c:l: ~ii1 :1:::."0 :1:1:1: ••• :1:0 ~iit :1:::. a KORTO)I(MB8e B CTU H6Mep A8ceT.JITapcKH. . Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. rOB6pSl 38 aHrnM •.. MT8nMaHell.06pe.H.[()I(6HCbH? GiVing your phone number In Bulgarian. KOMTOrOB6pSlT a 6i. MT8nMaHK8 (MT8nMaHcKM .B '1y)K. but when the place name consists of more than one word.eceT.nrapcKMI o en Who speaks better? But who is Mrs Collins? I don't know. MliJIKo 6l. You will therefore find. cj)P8HlIY30MK8 (cj)p8HCKM. I'm speaking about the English woman who is staying in room number ten.• HM. What languages do you know? French Russian Spanish French is the language I speak best. the second often begins with a small letter: 3naTHM nRC'bllM (Golden Sands).German). in tourist and airline offices and also in the more prestigious places for eating out.• HMH. And do you speak English? unfortunately But I know several other languages. McnaHK8 (McnaHcKM . . depending on the amount of digits in the number. means that the simplest way to give your phone number is by reading out the individual digits. HeM8l1. one by one. Names of places begin with capital letters.3!. there is no single pattern for writing or reading out the individual digits in phone numbers. for example. KORTo )l(HBee B CTaJl H6Mep )].• HK8 a (8HrnMMcKM). M66Mcj)oH or GSM .K6iTo )I(MB8e B ~enMCcj)oPA K6nKO MHT8p8cHOI AHrnM •.) :I: KOM rOB6pM n6-A06p8? Ho KOR 8 r-JKa K6nMHC? H83HU.o6pe? KOR e r-)I(a K6JIHHC? K6JIKO e3HKa 3Hae HeBeHa? KaKBH e3H~H rOB6pH HeBeHa? Kb)]. Adjectives formed from the names of places also begin with small letters:n6HAoH:n6HAOHCKM.JITapcKH MH6ro )]. MH6ro 6'bnrapM rOB6pSlT "'Y>KAM83MlIM. however. in money-changing bureaux.H e3H~H. o Does anyone speak English? You should already be able to cope using your Bulgarian in a number of different situations. A lot of Bulgarians speak foreign languages. r-)I(a .Italian).

') He pa36HpaM 6i. MonR?' or just 'All?' and wait for the person making the call to open the conversation. and how well. MonR. KaKBa.qaHIiIH nOHAoH<l8HIiIH Englishman Bulgarian citizen Londoner aHrIlliI<l8HIiI 6"bnraplil rpU<. I understand Spanish but I don't speak it well. I know a little Russian.HrOB6pHTe? What language do you speak? What languages do you speak? Adjectives which end in -cKH in the masculine singular remain the same in the plural: . the -u of the singular is dropped: aHrm"<l8HIiIH 6"bnrapliIH rpU<. = eT8>K (floor) and TEn.qaHIiI nOHAOH<l8HIiI Englishmen Bulgarians citizens Londoners o c. all adjectives in Bulgarian end in -H. the plural form of KanB. That's true! That's hardly surprising. you speak a language Similarly..n Grammar 1 Some plurals Nationalities and masculine nouns ending in -(H)MH This is one of the endings that form names of nationalities or inhabitants of a place.. Pa36i1paM HCnaUCKR. say 'Anol' or 'All. you will fmd the -H ending in KaKBH (what). oCTaaeTe c'b06lqeHMe cneA cMrHana. 3uall MliJIKOpyCKR. I speak French best. Do you speak English? Do you speak (know) French? What (foreign) language do you speaklknow? What (foreign) languages do you speak? I speak French well. ET. '4Y>KAaCTPaH8 ~ cnldHliI9 a foreign language a foreign countTy a foreign magazine 'lY>KAMEl3M4H 'lY>KAMCTPaHl1 'lY>KAMcnldHliIR • Answering whether. When making a call yourself. be prepared to respond to an answerphone (Tenecl»oHeH ceKpeTap or just ceKpeTap for short). • Responding to what you hear I don't understand Bulgarian. Compare: "lY>KA 93MK rOBOpHTe JIB aurmcKR? 3uaeTe JIB 4»peUCKR? KanB (••~) e3HK rOBopBTel 3uaeTe? KaKBB (~) e38QB rOBOpBTe? rOBOpll ~06pe 4»peUCKR. KaKBo: KaK'hB e3HK rOB6pHTe? KaKBB e3HIJ. = (entrance). The standard message goes something like this: 'TYK e Tenecl»oHHMRT ceKpeTap Ha••. no matter what the gender of the noun they describe. without giving your name. = Tenecj:>6H (telephone). Instead.uo ue rOBopll ~06pe. rOBOpll 4»peUCKHuaii-~06pe.n Abbreviations used in this sign are: 6n.y~o! KOJll(o HBTepeeuo! pa36i1pa ce 3a CL3i:aJIeHHe • Expressing interest. BX. Please leave your message after the beep. agreement or regret How interesting! of course/naturally unfortunately/sadly o c.. [the name of the person].' (This is the answer phone of .q How do you say it? • Asking whether a person speaks a foreign language Plural of adjectives and other defining words In the plural.JIrapcKR.When you answer the phone. The plural of such names is once again -H. TOBa e BHpUO! HBmo . = 6noK (block). BXO. but it is not added to the singular. it's best to follow the Bulgarian practice and.

BaM. nMR. They are examples of Conjugation I.. . e-pattern verbs. Ten tickets. Nevena knows three languages. (remember the change of -K to -. MMcnR.JIrapcKH might mean either I learn Bulgarian or I am learning Bulgarian.in most of their present tense endings.nrapcKH KYp6pTH pyCKH rpIDKAaHH an English newspaper an American businessman 4 rOB6pR I speak This is an a-pattern. This plural form only occurs in masculine nouns and always ends in -8 or -R. The second is the plural form used after any number or after the word HHKOJIKO several. ~aI s::.. please.eceT OHJIeT8. -"'MW (I learn)" A8.nrapcKH KYp6pT pyCKH rPIDKAaHHH aHrnHI1CKH B9CTHH4H aMepHKaHCKH 6H3HecMeHH 6i:. Examples: HeBeHa 3Hae Tpa e3BK8. APyra. Bulgarian verbs have three patterns or conjugations: Conjugation 1 verbs follow the e-pattern Conjugation 2 verbs follow the a-pattern Conjugation 3 verbs follow the a-pattern The present tense in Bulgarian corresponds in meaning to two distinct tense forms in English.a.!). ~s 5 U1 APyr. •• and >KMB9R. pa36HpaM.. please? How many museums are there in Gabrovo? '- . )IOtBeR I live o These verbs contain the vowel -e. -Mew (I drink) rOB6pR. y. This will help you to identity the correct conjugation pattern. From now on in the vocabulary you will find all verbs given with the endings of both the I and the you forms (1 st and 2nd singular). You must also use this special numerical questions after KOJIKO how many: KOJIKo e3BK8 3Hae HeBeHa? How many languages does Nevena know? How many tickets do you want. -Baw.-geW. -paw w the -51in all the I and they forms changes to -8. Notice that once again the fInal vowel is the same in the I form and in the they form: aa 3H8. Conjugation 2 verb: aa TH TOI1 TR } TO rOB6pR rOB6pMw rOB6pM I speak you speak he/she/it speaks 61 a a Bulgarian resort Russian citizen -a a1 rOB6pMM we speak rOB6pMTe you speak rOB6pRT they speak SeS English newspapers American businessmen Bulgarian resorts/spas Russian citizens HHe BHe Te 3 . Similarly. -pMW. In Gabrovo there are several museums. aan6"'BaM. B ra6poBo liMa HHKOJIKO MYleR.MOJUI. -Baw (I give). The endings of the you form will always be preceded by the letter to which the endings for the other forms need to be added: Conjugation 1 Conjugation 2 Conjugation 3 "After )1(. either Nevena speaks French or Nevena is speaking French.RT/>KMB9RT o U1 3 Special masculine plural after numbers In the dialogue you came across two plurals of e3BK language. TM TOI1} TR TO The fIrst is the regular plural. HeBeaa rOBopH f)tpeacKH might mean. a3 y'la oi. one ending in -a and the other in -8: KaKBlI e3ima 3HaeTe? 3HaR HRKOJIKO e3BK8.aHrnHI1CKH BecTHHK aMepHKaHCKH 6H3HeCMeH 6i:. depending on the context.RhKHBeR 3Haewl>KMBgeW 3Hael>KMBge HMe BMe Te 3HaeMhKHBgeM 3HaeTehKMBgeTe 3H8.lI. masculine plural in 6 The present tense: patterns and meanings To summarize. APyro APyrH H91ll0 APyro another other something else 3H8R I know. -nMW (I think). What languages do you know? I know several languages.as.

'Ie C6$HH e cT6JIHuaTa Ha D'LnrapHH.And pronunciation too ••• The -B.lJ. 'Ie. you have to concentrate not on the distinction between .j (KOH+TO).D.D. In the singular.06pe? Who speaks Bulgarian better? Mnoro 6i.JIrapn rOB6pRT qy)I(..H e3HIUI.D. It stands in place of a noun and you use it to ask for the subject of a sentence no matter whether the subject is masculine. when you want to compare the way in which something is done. The child who is speaking is Mr Antonov s son.06pc. ll the forms must be preceded by a comma: A !: JJ)asculine. in this case ~o6pe (well). omitted. word (conjunction) after certain verbs and. can never be . Mr and Mrs Collins are English people living/ who live/in Manchester.. K6HTOrOB6pH 6inrapcKH. -'LT. KOHTO••• The woman who. yqH 6inrapcKH. Examples: 9 rOCnO>K8Ta. The woman who has a question is learning Bulgarian. 1 which. you change the adverb. B Koii X<HBce qeJIMc$op.HH'LT. \ Note that in English you can sometimes omit the words who and In Bulgarian the relative pronoun can never be omitted. In Bulgarian. 'Ie MH6ro 6inrapH rOB6pRT aHrmlHCKH? used as the connecting . e Ha r-H AHT6HOB. I know that ••• i. Do you know (that) many Bulgarians speak English? When a feminine.? B Who lives in Chelmsford? r-3(a KOJlHHC rOB6pH 6inrapcKH n6-. feminine. Feminine rocnoX<aTa.D.and naii.and naii.D.e $HpMaTa? Koii e3BK rOB6pHTe HllH. It must always be preceded by a comma: I know (that) Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria. The 00.H e3HUH? Who speaks foreign languages? 'h)Crsons and things. I. Koii roB6pH 6inrapcm n6-. but rather on whether the preceding noun is neuter or plural.D.on the front. You add 00. 3HaeTe JIH.06pe? Feminine Koa? B Koa CTaB cTe? Neuter Koe? Koe cDHcaHHeHCKaTe? Plural KOH? KOH e3HInt 3HaeTe? Which languages do you know? Which town is thefirm in? Which language do you speak best? Plural r -H H r-x<a K6JIHHC ca aHrJIHqaHH. [10 A3 3H8f1.eTCTo. you have to use 'Kobo (KOH+TO)for masculine.are pronounced with an emphasis and in the book we will add a stress mark to remind you of this. unlike that. MaiiKLJI ~onC'Ln X<HBce qCJIMc$op. The plural form is KOHTo . -aT endings of the I and they forms of Conjugation I and 2 verbs are pronounced -n. -BY and -a. e 6H3HecMeH. Masculine rOCnO. It is A3 3HaH.D.when you want to compare more than two. neuter or plural noun (or pronoun) is mentioned in the question itself. o en o en Koii also means which when used before a noun and then it has a different form for each of the three genders and for the plural: MaSculine Koii? B Koii rpll._ In expressions like these. the correct alternative form of Koii has to be used. Kobo (KoMTO) for feminine and 'KoeTO (Koe+To) for neuter nouns. by adding 00. KOgTOHMa B'Lnp6c.when comparing the way in which two things are done and naa. qe is the Bulgarian equivalent of that. cHHiT The man who speaks/who is speaking Bulgarian is a businessman. They are called relative pronouns. better or best of all In Bulgarian.eTc? KOH ca Te? Which one is Mrs Collins? Who is that child? Who are they? or Which are they? 11 Comparison of doing well. neuter or even plural. KOHTOX<HBCHT B MaHqecT'Lp. no matter whether it means who or which: Kog e r-x<a K6JlHHc? Koc e TOBa . Koii rOB6pH qyX<)J. -nT and -'L. the words who and which relate to the last person or thing mentioned.D.KoCTOrOB6pH.. Neuter )l. 7 KOM? Who? The question word for who in Bulgarian is Koii. feminine.

c d MMaTe JIH Bbnp6cH? KaKB6 --B-H-' HO HMaTe? Kb.[IeCeT6HJIera. Muoro 6i.ll HCKaTr-H H r-)J(a K6JIHHC? a b The following questions may be useful when you want to ask for so~ething else. Mrs Collins speaks more quickly than Mr Johnson. using the Bulgarian eqUivalent of another or other.z:lH e3HKa. speaks better. HO well.[10cnHpKaTa? __ cY'nepMapKeT(supe177Ulrket) HaH-6JIHJO.[10YJIHQa«PaK6BcKH»? __ CnHpKa e Haif-6JIH30 .L{x<6HCbH. but knows French best of all. Te HCKaT.Z::J:)J(6HCbH HHKOJIKO lfy)J(. languages. eMMa JIH 6aHKoMaT (cashpoint. r -H AHT6HOB H HHKOJIaif ca 6i. fast become: n6-6nM3o no-6bp3o nearer more quickly A tourist.[IBe TypHcTHlfeCKH areHQHH. ~Yro or ~Ynt as appropriate: a b c d 6 HeBeHa rOB6pH rpH lfy)J(.JIrapu rOB6pHT aHrJIHifCKH.[I-H-H MeCTa? 3 XOTeJIa? CD'" :z: 0 ••• 111 ::10S'"tl ScS n-t ~CD S::I . or something different.[le H-M-a-_-_-_~_ 6aHKa? KaKBH e3HQHrOB6pHTe? In this exercise you need to change a word from the normal masculine plural form to the special numerical plural. r-H H r-)J(a K6mrnc ca aurJDl'laHH. e f 5 rpa.[10rapaTa (railway station)? __ Mara3HH e Haif-6JIH30 .[IBa XOTeJIa.ll.[le HMa anTeKa? j MMaTe JIH cB-0-6-6-.lIT 6i.) .L{x<6HC'bH rOB6pH Mr Johnson speaks Bulgarian 6iJIrapcKH ~o6pe.p3o OT r-H . c d c d e B XOTeJIa HMa MHoro aur JIH1IaHH. remembering to put the subject at the end of the question.[IeTe? 3HaeTe JIH Kb. Mrs Collins speaks Bulgarian better than Mr Johnson. K6JIKO lfa. stops a passer-by and asks which of two places on the map is closer: TYK Ha KapTaTa HMa .[Io f KaKBH QHrapH (cigarettes) HMaTe? g Kora HMa aBT06yc 3a Mam.[10n6m:aTa? e __ __ Ask questions with KOJIKO.[10XOTeJI«IIIepaToH»? __ TypHcTHlfecKa areHQH. (The two forms are often used very near to one another. ~Yra.lIe Haif-6JIH30 .ATM). Model: a b 4 Use Koii or KOsias appropriate: a b r-)J(a K6JIHHC e aurJDl'llluKa.[10Kyp6pTa «3JIaTHH nHcbQH»? rpaMBaif e Haif-6JIH30 . remember. but Mrs Collins r-)J(a K6mrnc rOB6pH nO-~o6pe.Z::J:a.lI) e n6-6JIH30? anTeKa c CnHPKa 6eH3HHOcTaHQH.[l Kyp6pT e KiMllHHr (campsite) MOTeJI(motel) which are KOH U1 When asking the same question about places feminine. Koif (xoTeJI) e n6-6JIH30? How would you ask about: a b U1 o H8M-6nM30 H8M-6bP30 nearest (of all) quickest (of all) o d In Bulgarian. AurJIH1llluKa JIB e r-)J(a K6mrnc? .~ S In the same way.lI (petrol station) How would you ask the same question about: Exercises 1 Turn the following sentences into questions requiring the answer a b 'yes' or 'no' by making the words in bold type the focus of your questions. Remember to put the verb immediately after the question word JIB.JIrapu u aurJIH1lliHH.[I)J(HHa. BbB 4>HpMara pa66T.6BHQa? h MMaTe JIH . you use OT in comparisons much as you use than in English: r-)J(a K6JIHHCrOB6pH 6iJIrapCKH no-~o6pe OT r-H . c pecTopliHT rpa.JIrapu. as in the model: r -H H r-)J(a K6JIHHCHCKaT . (areHQH.r-H . Nevena knows several HO 3Hae 4>peHcKHHaii-~o6pe. Use ~yr. MaifKbJI . the adverbs 6JIi13o near and 6ip30 quickly.l:\Balfa.z:IH 3Hae e3HKa. you have to use KOsi: ii Ha KapTaTa HMa . r-)J(a K6mrnc rOB6pH n0-6i. HeBeHa 3Hae mlKOJIKOe3HKa. map in hand.[l e Haif-6JIH30 .Z::J:)J(6HCbH. CepBHTh6pbT cepBHpa (serves) TpH .

KaKB6 npaBIIIW? o CJ1 (b) { n.LJ.. ce. a You will see from the example that after ho you need to add the short defInite article to the noun. aHrnlillilcKIII. What would you say while showing or pointing to the following? a b c your ticket your passport your husband d e your son your luggage (6arlbK) TPYAeH. when your correspondent answers the phone with 'AJIo!' or '~a. KORTOe oM1. lt1 a3 TaKa Mlilcll~. 789 02 66. KoeTO >KHBee B CT8s1H6M9P Aec9T. HMa JIH Mara3HHH .Till 3Haew a Aa.• e6HIIIKa. Compare: TOBa e XOTeJI'hT.peea MH. aHrnH4sHH.• CTap 3a •.eM. Cb~O III IIIHTepecHIIIaHrnlillilcKIII cnlllcaHIIIR MH6ro A06pe.. .. Using the examples as a model. Aa.MllHHr e f 1C0Mn}()T'hp 6aHICoMaT MMneH8 HMKOnaM MMneH8 n03HaBaw 11111 Y'-IIiITelll11 aHrnlillilcKIII? no HfiKOllKO aHrnlillilcKIII.• IiITell. KoliITO>KIIIBe~T6111i130.• IiITell~ OT no This exercise draws your attention to the fact that what looks like ~e same masculine form may have two distinct meanings.TYPBCT M3BHHbe. KOHTO>KHBeRT B 6bnrspHR. hotels. . MMneH8 HMKOnaM MMneH8 3ApaBelil. practise pointing to one or two of the following: a b TpaMBaH TPOJIeH c aBT06yc d ICl.•aHrm1li1cKIII. BflpHo.LJ. womClHA4H.:1TOnpHcTHra OT Jl6HAOH. lCa)f(eTe!(Yes. aHrnH4sHH. qeTHpH.LJ.. MH6ro CIIICTap.eBeT. A06pe. Read the short dialogue Ha TeJIet6ua (On the telephone) out loud: M3BHHeTe. mecT) ~a.nrapHHa.nrapcKH. n03HaBaM 11111 aHrm1li1cKIII? Mlilcll~. KORTO rOB6pH xY6aBo 61.. can I help you?) Now repeat. A3 IiIMaM ABa MH6ro xy6aBIII Y•. rllynoCTIII! Ha K611KO rOAIiIHIIICIII? Ha ABalilceT III weCT.•. ETO . X Here are two hotels.LJ.qa OT Y•.:1TO3aMHHSBa 3a AHrnHR? KOHTOca >KeH9HH 3a 61. b XOTeJI peCTopaHT C d My3eH 64>HC Choose the correct combinations to make sentences: Mb>KS. •. 947 54 26 JIH e? (.nrapKaTa. qeTHpH. 4YAeCHO. (a) { CJ1 o n03HSBaM Do you understand? Dialogue Milena goes into the office and sees Nikolai who is busy reading. •. c9Me. M6JIH?'.OipaTa? n rpUc. or. HIIIKOllalil. HO IiIMaM T611KOBa MallKO BpeMe! Mlilcll~..qa OT y<t8C)HMK. 8 V1MaM HY>K.Be. >K9HSTa. when used after numerals. M Compose similar questions and answers to the above model using: a 10 This exercise will help you practise checking 'Yhether.•. neT. using the following numbers: 0888 32 1891. K6. in the non-subject form..• e6H III4111 no E Aa...• CbM Be•.LJ. 03HClBaw nH 61.:1cTBoTo.LJ..Ba OTeJIa.• e e MH6ro Y•. Here's the hotel.....o nipaTa HMa HHICOJIKO ara3HHa. 61. 0898 15 67 32. For Instance. 9 Michael Johnson writes down his home address and shows it to Nevena saying: ETO a.nrapKH? y•.>KeHa 3a aHrnH4SHHH? KOHTOHe nHRT yHCKH? K6.• e e Y>KAIII 31i14111 e .qa III Y•. with: ETO XOTeJIa. HO He MH6ro TPYAeH e31i1K.-M4M TOnKOB8 Be-te CT8P rnynocTMI (pi) H8 KonKO rOAMHM CM? difficult Iikewiseijust so I need textbook so (much/little) already old nonsense! how old are you? .LJ. V1MaM HY>K. TPYAH8 T8Ka MM8M HY*. you have got the right number.aHBH ~a. xOTMa can be either the hotel.LJ.

. MHJIeHa He n03HaBa y'lHTeJIH no aHrJIHHCKH..~ In this unit you will learn • how to say would you like to.. ? and may I. ? • how to say you must or have to do something .. ? and may I. en o @ -. HHKOJIaH HMa H~a OT y'lHTeJI. MHJIeHa HHMa y'le6HHQH no aHrJIHHCKH. ? • how to answer to would you like to . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 HHKOJIaH Y'IH 4>¢HCKH.. So • • • ... 'Ie e Be'le CTap 3a '1Y)I(~ e3HQH. HHKOJIaH e Ha TpHHceT H meCT ro~HHH..True or false? Write out correct versions of the false statements. HHKOJIaH MHCJIH. HHKOJIaH HHMa HY)I(~a OT Y1fe6HHQH.

r-H AHTOHOB BM O'tilKB8. PilABaM ce AS ce 38n03Hilfi C Bac. r-H AHT6HOBBI1 OySKBa. How are you feeling in Sofia? I hope you are happy with the hotel. May I (come in)? Oh.DOialogue Michael Johnson is keeping his appointment the advertising agency. b c d e f KOH HMa cpem:a c r-H AHT6HOB? KOH OqaKBa r-H . r-H A>KOHC'bH. with Boyan Antonov at r-H A>KOHC'bH r-H A>KOHC'bH HiAH o 0) r-H A>KOHC'bH r-H AHTOHOB r-H A>KOHC'bH r-H AHTOHOB r-H A>KOHC'bH r-H AHTOHOB r-H A>KOHC'bH r-H A>KOHC'bH r-H A>KOHC'bH (Knocking on the office door and going in. V13BI1H~BaMTe. . TyK 1111e r-H AHT6HOB? A3 HMaM cpe~a c Hero. is the set response to 611aroA8P~· The Bulgarians also have set formal responses to the traditional words of welcome Ao6pe AOWb11l.Q>K6HCbH.uaOT npeBO.Ba 3ae. why not? Could we (possibly) go to the bank first? I have to change some money. ye CTe AOB611eHOTxOTe11a. IiIcKaTe 11MAS o6~ABaMe 3aeAHO? Pa36Mpa ce. Ho a3 HCKaM Aa pa36HpaM 6'bnrapcKI1 6~e n6A06pe 11Aa rOB6pSl n6-A06pe OT r->KSK611I1HC. MOJKe11MAS rOBopMTe no-6aBHO? MOJKe. OT r -H AHT6HOB HCKa . no problem The bank is not far and the restaurant is next to it.LJ. M6>Ke1111a rOB6pl1Te r-H A n6-MBHo? M6>Ke.ll:)J(6HCbH? KOH TpR6Ba .LJ. A3 ci. As. r-H . do come in.LJ. pa36Hpa ce. Mr Johnson.) M6>Ke 1111? 3anoBs1AaMTe. PclABaM ce.LJ.) . I am glad we do not need an interpreter. .o6pe. (At the door into the director's office. pa36Mpa ceo PilABaM ce. a pecTopaHTbT e AO Hefl.aJIeqe 6<l>Hca. o 0) Questions 1 Try to answer a the questions.oB6JIeH XOTeJIa. Yes.Qa. Both the words . 511aroAap~. r-H .eHCKa .Q>K6HC'bH. a peCTOpSHTbTe AO HeSl. M6>Ke1111i. you use differing forms for the masculine. 5SHKaTa He e Aa11eye.LJ. 38nOBAAaMTe. notice.pBo n Aa oTHAeM B MHKaTa? Tps16BaAa o6MeHs1napH. 't8 CTe AOB611eH OT xOTe11a.e ni. 0. .ll:)J(6HCbH? HMa JIH r-H .Qo6pe AOW11H! PclABaM ce Aa ce 3ano3HsSl c Bac. Well met!). Hs1MaM HH~O npoTHB.LJ. r -H AHT6HOB H r-H ~6HCbH HMaT HYx<.a 06R.a 06MeHH napH? KaK TpR6Ba . 'te H~MaMe HYJKA8 OT npeBoAil't· Ho a3 MCKaM A8 pa36MpaM 6b11rapcKM Olqe nO-Ao6pel Would you like to have lunch together? Certainly. BHe rOB6pl1Te 6i.LJ. ye Hs1MaMe HY>KAa OT npeBoA8Y. feminine and plural. Hs1Ma npo611eMI1. MO)l(e 11MnbpBO AS OTMAeM B 6aHKaTa? Tp~6Ba AS 06MeH~ napM. H~Ma np0611eMM 5aHKaTa He e AS11e'te. welcome! Please.LJ.nrapcKH n6-. AHT6HOB. Pleased to/meet you! make your acquaintance.LJ. H~MaM HMIqO npontB. r-H ~6HCbH HCKa . KaK ce 'tyBcTBaTe B C()cI)MfI? HaARB8M ce.LJ. Ao6p6 38BilpM11al and Ao6pe 38B8PM11MI (lit.Qa. Once again.LJ.Ao6pe AOW11MI Moml.a oTH.pBo r-H . everything is fine. So am VMe too. But I want to understand Bulgarian even better.aq.ll:)J(6HCbH He e .~o. o Responding to words of welcome M011f1. c d e f r -H . e V1cKaTe1111 a o6s1ABaMe 3seAHo? A Pa36Hpa ce. KaK ce YyBcTBaTe B CexpI1Sl?HWBaM ce. pa36Hpa ce. BCHYKO HapeA. Ao6pll AOW11H!M611Sl.nrapcKI1 MH6ro A06pe.LJ. Ao6pe Aow11al and Ao6p6 AOW11MI These responses are Ao6p6 38B8pM11I. of course. C EaHKaTa H peCTopaHTbT ca . Mr Antonov is expecting you.LJ.ll:)J(6HCbH np06JIeMH B C6<l>HR? Kb. you will remember.a rOB6pH r-H AHT6HOB? 2 True or false? a b MO)l(e 11M? 0.LJ.Q>K6HC'bH. OT r -H ~6HCbH TpR6Ba . A3 cltlqo.3anoB~AaMTe.HO r-H ~6HCbH.Q66bP AeH! M6>Ke1111? KS3BaM ce MSMKbll .a pa36Hpa 6i. BCM'tKO e Hap6A.a rOB6pH n6-6aBHO. Could you (please) speak more slowly? I can.

3 oTil)l. I'm pleased/glad everything is all right. but. Mo*e. Before changing any money.69 1. to knock and enter immediately. No..arOBopa c Bac? Mo*e JIB )l. however.: 91 50 441 HHMaM . then the rate at which the bureau buys and sells for Jevs.a. all keen to take your BanYra ~u"enc0 banknotes in exchange for the local Bulgarian lev. for it is normal. 06MIIHA HA BAllYrA or simply CHANGE.lJ.Commission is not usually charged. if you are a stranger.20 1. May I have a word with you? Could we (possibly) go to the bank? Could you (please) speak more slowly? Can Ichange (some) money here? Yes. • Expressing satisfaction with the state of affairs BcirlKo e uapb! HHMa npoOJleM(a)! • Agreeing with a proposal Everything is fine! No problem(s)! TEIlECIlOHM3A BP'b3KA: 0881504125 A.lJ. The 'change' bureaux are indicated by notices such as 06MEHHO 61OP6.a OT ymeJI..43 1.69 2. He. These can differ considerably from dealer to dealer. nowadays 6naroA8PR will also suffice. How do you say it? • Saying Welcome! To a man: To a woman: To more than one person (and polite): • Attracting attention o (J) .. and the responses.0 nporiB! I need a teacher.19 1.ace lanoluaa c Bac! Pleased to meet you..01DJlB! o (J) Mo*e JIB? • Requesting politely Changing money Sooner or later (probably sooner rather than later). I don't need an interpreter. The boards list.lJ. HHMaM uy*.n.lJ..74 1.ZJ.09 PWaM ce . Pli.30 3. All the banks and agencies will present you with a certificate of exchange.23 1.lJ. certainly not in the bigger towns and the main tourist resorts. I'm glad .68 2.06 1.aroBOpllTe 06-6ouo? Mo*e JIB .06pe . you will need to change some money.olDJla! . are used particularly when someone has arrived safely after a long journey. Travellers' cheques can only be exchanged in banks.lJ. like everything else.lJ.JI! .lJ.BaM 'Ie BCNO e uapb! ce.28 3.06pe .95 1.lJ. This is not difficult in Bulgaria. ?/Can I.94 1. ue Mo*e. clearly displayed. You will find all manner of agencies. he was right not to wait.of welcome. it's worth checkingl Knocking and entering In the Dialogue at the beginning of this unit you will have noticed Mr Johnson knocked at the door to Nadya's office and immediately went in. from the larger hotels and state and private banks to numerous small 'change' bureaux. M6nR? and invite you to state your business.lJ. which are often immediately preceded or followed by 6nar0A8PR.: TEIl.48 1. the currency to be exchanged.lJ. In the English-speaking world. If you cannot manage the full responses. especially in offices..lJ.lJ.lJ.? and responding to the same request 5AHKHOTM KynYBA npoAABA • Saying I'm pleased to/that .a06MeuH napa TyK? . EUR USD GBP CHF CVP JPV CAD AUD 1. • Asking May I..a OT npeBO. you can.26 1.06pe . someone will eventually respond with a Aa. Being in Bulgaria. from left to right. but are .a'l.eMB oliHKaTa? Mo*e JIB . • Saying I need/don't need HMaM uY*.0nrf. When knocking and entering you would do well simultaneously to give out a M6JK8 nM? in the hope that. O-=MEHHO -=IOPO g g BCM'·IKM BAnYTM ALL WORLD AND BAllYTA CBETOBHM M MOHETM CURRENCIES COINS Mo*e JIB . you can't. which you should check carefully before you leave against the sum paid out to you. make sure you know the exchange rates. this would have been considered rude.

therefore.n:a oTH.LVKOHC'bH.•? Could yOU•••? Mo~e JIB ••• ? is a commonly used phrase which never changes its form. TpR6Ba . (Mo~e is. Do you want to go to the bank? Milena and Nikolai want to drink coffee. 1 MCK8M p. to make sure you clearly express who wants to do what with whom you have to choose the endings of the ~a form very carefully. or to make a polite request. One letter can make all the difference between who gets a meal and who doesn't! Similarly. you would say: MO)Ke .with the same subject and with different subjects: HCKaM~a o6j~BaM c TJIX.n:a fonun ammiit:cm? MHJIeHa BCKa~a oTime B AHrJIBJI. you say Mo~e JIB? on its own: (a) at the door when you want permission to go in (b) when people are in your way and you want to get past (c) when you need to interrupt someone In a restaurant you use Mo~e JIB on its own just to attract the waiter's attention. MHJIeHa TpR6Ba . Mo~e JIB is used on its own to attract attention or to ask Is it all right? (for me to do this. I have to go to Plovdiv. both agree with that Milena must get to know MrJohnson. which is not always expressed. The following examples go through all the persons: HCKaM ~a rOBOpJl6iJIrapcKH no-. or you may add another word to make your meaning clear: MO)Ke ..) M6)1(8 mt on its own (b) When the two verbs have different subjects each agrees with its own subject (although the subject word may be omitted!). He wants to have lunch with them. itself stays the same for all persons. For instance. Hue BCKaMe~a oOMeHiIM napu. The verb that follows changes to fit the subject.BaMe 3ae. It is used to attract attention. if you want someone to pass something.a I want to JIll Verbs like BCKaMI want and TpJioBa I must need another verb to complete their meaning. When two (or more) verbs are combined in Bulgarian the second verb is introduced by ~a. the milk.. As with Mo~e ~a •. Due) TpR6Ba . (Do not confuse it with ~a meaning yes!) The ~a form of the Bulgarian verb corresponds to the English infInitive with or without to. He wants you to have lunch with them.n:a OTMaT (Te) B now:aTa.n:ew B now:aTa. that or the other). to ask whether something is possible or permitted.) the menu? So...2 Tpil6B8 AS. you have to be very careful to listen for the ending of the verb to work out the correct meaning: (a3) Tpj6Ba . (TlI) TpR6Ba ~a OTH. Must or have to. Q 0') The personal endings of the main verb and the ~a form may agree or be different. I want to have lunch with them They want me to have lunch with them.? below. for example. at table.n:06pe. An essential difference from English. that or the other for me).•. however.JIM MJIRKOTO? Could you pass (bring etc.n:a ce 3ano3Hae c r-H . TpR6Ba ~a 06MeHBTe (Bue. napu. In the dialogue Me Antonov asks: HCK8Te JIB ~a o6i.n:eM B 6aHKaTa. is that the ~a form has personal endings just like a main verb. the it form of the verb meaning can or be able. HCK8DJJIB . Do you want to study English? Milena wants to go to England. HCKaTe JIB ~a oTimeTe B 6aHKaTa? MHJIeHa H HHKoJIait: BCKaT~a oBJIT Ka<}le.ll:Ho? This literally means Do you want that we have lunch together? Now compare the two . Again. Q 0') subject. in fact. I want to speak Bulgarian better.. TpHOBa ~a . 3 MO)l(e 11M••• ? May I.n:a onma B IIJIOBMB.) the milk? .JIM MeHKlTo? Could you bring (pass etc. You use TpJioBa ~a + verb for both must and have to.n. Te BCK8T~a o6j~BaM c TJlX. depending on the meaning: (a) When the two verbs share the same subject. We want to change some money. or Could you? (do this.. We have to go to the bank.

if you are unlucky. He Moxee. never appear without ce: HamDaM ce I hope. Moxee JIB ~a + main verb is used to formulate full questions.? is used to make a polite request: MO)Ke JIM.D.lJ.D. Compare the non-reflexive without ce: HeBeHa HCICa .)KOHC'bH ce Pa36HpaT 6e3 rrpeBO. You will learn more about these verbs in Unit 12. 4 A bit more about verbs Note that some verbs can only be used in the present tense when preceded by a ~a.D. it isn't possible now.ace 06a.aroBOpHIII rro-6aBHo? MO)Ke JIM. pamaaM ce I am glad. 3arrOBH. personal pronouns have different forms when they are not used as subjects.D. Sometimes the same verb can be used with and without ce with different meanings. r-H . Like a satellite it remains close to its verb. Now the same verbs used with ce: HHKoJlaH H MHJleHa HCICaT .D.) 7 Where to place Ice' Strict rules govern the position of ceo Most importantly. for instance after prepositions.D.RrrHe Ka~ C TJIX. r-H AHTOHOBH r-H . Moxee JIB ~a •.lJ. TOBa e 6aHICaTa. in which case the answer will be Moxee. usually denoting feelings or emotions.D. Nadya is drinking coffee with them..? May I. but from now on when listed in the vocabulary they will all be preceded by (~a).D. Moxeeand. and he has a meeting with me (TOR ilMa cpema c MeHe). Collins family. cera He MO)Ke. or ~a.O Bac? Pa36Hpa ce. 5 MMaM cpetqa c HerO I've a meeting with him As in English. Nikolai and Milena want to meet (one another). or He. Mr Antonov and Mr Johnson understand one another without an interpreter.M6>Ke nM AS ••.aHTe! Can I speak to Mr Antonov? No.HTe rro-ICicHO? Would you please speak more slowly? Could you please ring/ call later? 6 Getting to know one another Verbs that are accompanied by the 'satellite' word ce are known as reflexive verbs.. One of the uses of a reflexive verb is to express the meaning each other or one another. That is the bank and the restaurant is next to it. a pecTOP~T'bT e . pa36Hpa ceo MO)Ke JIM~a ce~eM .••? This is used to ask if something is possible or permitted. but: . Both subject and non-subject (full) forms are given below side by side for comparison: HCICaTeJIM. c MeHe OT Te6e with me TO~ HI C Hero OT HeR TO AO Hero AO Hac c sac (Sac) OT TRX from you with him from her next to it near us with you from them o 0) Plural HHe SHe (SHe) Te o 0) MO>Ke nM AS rOB6pMTe n6-6aBHO? Could you please speak more slowly? When the main verb is addressed to someone else. Bulgarian.ace 3arr03HajJT. MO)Ke JIM~a rOBopR c r-H AHTOHOB? He.D.a3arr03Hae Nevena wants to introduce r-H .lJ. it can never be the very first word in a sentence. Can we sit next to you? Certainly.BaTe c MeHe? r-H . SUbject forms Singular a3 TI1 There are three letters for you. MO)Ke JIM~a onmeM B 6aHKaTa? MO)Ke.lJ.)KOHC'bH'bCCeMeHCTBO Mr Johnson to the C KOJIMHC. in the 2nd person singular or plural.)KOHC'bHMa cp6ma H c Hero. When the main verb involves the speaker (lor we).)KOHC'bH pa36Hpa Mr Johnson understands 6iMapcICH. go ahead! llMa TPH IlHcMa 3a Bac. (There's more about reflexives in Unit 20. Ha.O HeR.D. Compare: I have a meeting with him (83 ilMaM cpema c HerO). Could we (possibly) go to the bank? We could.a06H. of course.•? can be used to ask for permission. He Moxee. A number of reflexive verbs.a'l. Moxee JIB ~a .D.D. Would you like to have lunch with me? Mr Johnson has a meeting with him.

u:a OTH.ain a .a.u:a OTH. adverbs.u:HadpTa Ha C6<!>HH? 0 en Exercises 1 Form short dialogues following the model: • HMaTe JIH pe3epBa~IDI? He. •. HaJIH? EIOp6 «HH<!>opMa~H» e .HcKoTeKaTa e . Hm? ll6maTa e.u:ee 6aP'bT (bar).u:a ce.u:e AmJIHH? .u:o Bac? M6)1(e JIH .u:eM peCTopliHT? ask Ha someone to go: a b C d e f g h to the opera to a concert to a patisserie to a disco (.u:Ha .u:? CJIe. question words or even little words like . Which of the M03CeJIB?questions might you use in the following situations.q06pe.llMH~. B B KOHrpa.u:eHHKOJIaH B qeJIMc<I>op.u: TpH ce. TpJl6Ba JIH .u:HcKoTeKaTa.l]. HMaTe JIH CTa.u:a OTH. In some of them. I feel well. Use BBJa/6BJIh/06p.u:ee rr6maTa.ua of peJepBliu.u:o-_.a. I don't feel well. dpTa (boarding pass/card) instead .qoB6neH. ll03HaBaw JIH MapK? HMaM cpe~a c --. 3HaeTe K'b. KOH TpH6Ba . 3HaeTe K'b.u:o--. He ce "'yBCTBau . Hm? CJIa.u:a rOB6pH c MHJIeHa? M6)1(e JIH TOBa? M6)1(e JIH .u:ee MY3eHT.u:dpHH~aTa e Using the model: HCKaTe JIH .qoB6neH.HHKOmlH. i at the information desk ii looking for a place in a restaurant iii in a crowded bus iv at table v pointing at something in a shop vi asking for Milena on the phone vii at the bank viii entering a room Ix attracting the attention of a waiter a b C d e f g KaK ce "'yBcTBaTe? How do you feel? l.u:o-.u:o __ .u:e e . see if you can write out the original message in just one sentence. 3a MeHe? / 6BJIm / Maca (table) 7 Introduce yourself and ask for the things listed below. •.lYBCTBaU ce . M6)1(e JIH? M6)1(e JIH .u:ee 61Op6 «HH<!>opMa~H». e I hope you are pleased.• r-H A>t<6HCbH e e . HlI4I'OH8neH ABOIl94 Ha KYmYPaTa skiing (Da CKB) (HAK. HlIAftBau ce. pronounced 'eH-Ae-!<a') to the beach (DJIa3C) .u: TpH6Ba .B qeJlMc<!>0p.u:a OTH.Hm? Mara3HB'bT e . 3HaeTe K'b.q06pe. ~~~ri~.u:o--. a variety of questions may be 79 I := i . 11"i6Ba. You are giving directions using a well-known place as a reference point.u.u:.u:a 06MeHH rrapH TYK? M6)1(e JIH coma? (the salt) M6)1(e JIH e.u:dpHH~aTa. On the basis of the following questions and answers. lloomiBaw JIHr-H H r-~ K6JIHHc?liMa 6HJ1tTH3ft -- • ~a. 3HaeTe K'b.u:e HHKOJIaH?.u:ee CJIa. ~ TOM ce HlIAftBa.aform or the negative De (b) it follows the verb if the verb is the fIrst word in the sentence: Kora Tpl:6Ba . .u:o--' . He hopes Mr Johnson is pleased. 3HaeTe K'b.• CTe .(a) it comes before the verb if there are other words in fIrst position such as pronouns. HaJIH? My3eHT e .a.u:ucKoTeKa) to the theatre on an excursion Logo of the National Palace of Culture in (eKcKyPJu) Sofia. a b C ll03HaBaw JIH HeBeHa? HMaM IIHCM6OT -. Hm? . Model: Ka3BaM ce __ IIIICMa/ taKC / ~ 3 You fear you have misheard an important telephone message.u:a HMaM pe3epBa~HH? By using pronouns instead of the names an~ the ~ouns in the next two exercises you will be able to practise usmg the nonsubject forms. Complete with the appropriate personal pronoun: a b C d e f 3HaeTe K'b.

A06pa •••qe~. M6>Ke n•. Aa. M6>Ke n•.ne HHKOJIaii CJIe.nip .na om. Prefacing your answer by MMaM ~a OT.no6p6. p Cb>Kans1BaM. Aa.t~t H6AA . HO ni. customer to ring. 9 This exercise will help you ask for things you might need in a hotel. HO cera HBMa BpeMe 3a Hero.npa6oTa? S Kl>. 00 I .• ? e Aa. Ha.~~r- :::. understand? .rrH'IKa • d TaKcH • _ _ (.llH M6)1(e JIH .na oTH.na ce 3ano3HaH C Bac! ..qa OTI1.qa rOB6p~ c 6paT M•••.q66e. H6AA ~ '1a.q_a_0_T_I1_.q.q T_96_e_.qHo.•.::6I1pa ce. M6n~? Ano.• ce 06W no . M6>Ke BCI1.ne HCKa.HMKOnai .qa ce 06W cne.· you l. ~~' .na ce o6a. r-H AHT6HOB MHCJIH.nJIBaM ce .na rOB6pH C r-H AHT6HOB. TOMI1cKa."'Te n6-KbcHO? .llHp6KTopa? 2 CBo66. B MOM6HT8 n6-ricHo AO'IYB8He client.q p n p860Ta? VlcKaw n•.•qa rOB6p~ c .na Bl>BBapHa.na HanpaBH (make) Ka4>e3a THX.•qa OTI1.(The ' Xl'.M••• eHa.iX MMn6H8 j~ .na'l. H6AA KnM6HT 'I "ii' 'if: Dialogue telephone rings. I KnM6HT (Aa) ce 066AR.ne HCKa.• •••3ae. Mr Antonov and Nadya.•qa ce 06ap. Ha.ne C HHKOJIaii H MHJIeHa? . T'" 3aeTa n•••c•••cne.q06pe.H a3 _ Questions 1 Koil HCKa. Ho cera r-H A>K6HCbH ••• .qeMHa TeH"'c? . pa3611pa ce. Complete the following sentences without forgetting to alter the position of ceo Here is a model to guide you: Pa.use the words listed below to reply to the question: OT KaKB6 IIMaTe ~a? :'.lUtaMce . 'Ie 3aMHHaBam 3a AmJIHH.llH .na OTH.q••• eKTOpbT ca 3aeT•••.H a3 Pa.nH nHTa (asks) HMa JIH r-H AHT6HOB HYQa OT HeH. MMn6H8 c KO. _Vl_c_K_aM_. M6n~. Toil nHTa Ha.qa OTI1.na rOB6pH C .•. HW. HHKomlii HCKa . TpMBa.) i~ I (liIi' a Q 0) :~ti' H6AA KnM6HT }~iH6AA i# a IOTHH b l~' •.pBo Tps16Ba. . r-H AHT6HOB C'b)l(amIBa.qeMHa KOH4epT.qa ce 3an03Haew c HerO.qa ce 06W? n6-KbcHo cne.q••• eKTopa r-H AHT6HOB? . .nBaM ce. TpMBa.. . call hello (on the phone) busy at the moment later goodbye (on the phone) cera T6HMC MA6~ now tennis idea a b c Ha. ~ a3 TpMBa . It will help you practise using verbs in the I form.llH KJIHeHTl>T? 4 Kl>.qa ~::~~i HMKonai WI. .8 Read the following text and make it into a conversation between Nikolai.r-H AHT6HOB e 3aeT B MOMeHTa.nH HJIMa oom:o npOmB.H a3 ce PWaM. Kora .'Ie Te HJIMaTH~a OT npeBo.qec MeHe Ha KOH4epT. M6>Ken•. -AMW ano 38M "" ~.. ~II~ e ~ HOCa'l f napH 10 Now for a few useful reflexives.~.na oTH.H a3 qyBcTBaM ce . •K TaKa e HaM-. Toil lIMa cp6m:a C r-H ~6HCl>H.ne 6paTl>T Ha MHJIeHa C HeH? 6 HCKa JIH Ha.neH JIH e r-H AHT6HOB cera? 3 Kora TpJI6Ba .q_a_c_B_a_c_H_a_KO_H_4_e_P_T_. ~:~:~~~~ ~O~~B~~HCbH n•.

>KeHa MI106MYa AOMaTI1. nOKa>K8Te HI1.. K"bA8 MMa Mara3MH 3a nnoAoB8 113eneHYY411. M A>!<Op.M6nSl. npaCKOSI111rp63. nnaTM. r-)I(a KonMHc r-H KonMHc npOASBa'fKa r-H KonMHc npOASBa'fKa r-H K6nMHc npO. 0. >KeHan MCKaAS Ka>t<e. a At the market. rp63. Mr and Mrs Collins become so carried away that they speak to each other in Bulgarian. 3anosslAaJiiTe. 3 npeTern8Te MI1T6311rrbnew.qMHKMnorpaM. (Popping a grape into her mouth. KaKsM APyrl1 nnoAos8 MMaTe? V1MaMesl6"b11KI1. HOca Hai:t-np8CHI1. AaJiiTe MI1 eAMH Kl1norpaM OT T8311 sl6"b11KI1 11 nonosMH Kl1nOrpaM 6slno rp63Ae. 8 6"bnrapl1S1 HslMa MH6ro M"b>K8. K6nKO cTPysaT AOMaTI1Te? Lf8TI1Pl1 n8sa.qe.qKo. rOT6soi nbneW"bT e Asa Kl1nOrpaMa 11 nonosMHa. nnoAos8Te 113eneHYY411Te TaM He ca 8STI1HI1.qaB8'fKa r-H KonMHc r-)I(a K6nMHc 811>K. Aa 811AaM nl1? r He. na3ap"bT He 8 Aan8ye. >KeHa MI1He 06MYa TMKSI1YKI1.qaBa'fO r-)I(a K6nMHc np0A8B8'fKa r-)I(a K6nMHc npo. aK606MYaTe.q>t<.) MMM.q>K. eAMH Kl1nOrpaM AOMaTI1.qasa'fO r-)I(a K6nMHc .qeTo e MH6ro Cn8. 6naroAapsl. KOMTO na3apysaTI M6nSl? He pa36MpaM. aK6 06Hyaw. ocnoAMHe. Hai:t-A06p8 e Aa oTMAeTe Ha na3apa. 6nSl. YnH 6tqe 8. r-)I(a KonMHc HeBeHa Hes8Ha. 8CMYKO TpHJiiceT M 6ceM n8sa 11 weJiic8T CTOTHHKM. s3eM8Te CI1! KaKsM ca T83113eneHYY411? Tosa ca TMKSI1YKI1. A>!<op. A nbneWI1Te? WecT n8sa 11neTAec8T CTOTMHKI1 a Kl1norpaM. M6nSl. M6nSl. a3 HslMaM HM~O npOTMS Aa na3apysaMI AaJiiTe MI1. They have consulted Nevena for advice about where to shop.Dialogue Mr and Mrs Collins go to the market to buy fresh fruit and vegetables. A>!<op..q>K. Aa K9nl1M AOMaTI1OT H8S1.Ta311 >KeHa npoAasa x)t6asl1 3eneHYY411. K ·~ In this unit you will learn • how to point out and ask for things • how to ask how much does it cost? • how to shop at Bulgarian open-air fruit markets r-)I(a K6nMHc np0A8B8'fKa r-)I(a K6nMHc npo. 3eneHYY4I1? AOMaTI1? A-xa .ye M"b>K8TeS 6"bnrapl1S1 He 06MyaT Aa na3apysaT.

(if you) please The grapes are vel)' sweet. npaCKOBM M rp03Ae. There you go! The melon is 21/2 kilograms. influenced by the masculine . there aren't many 8 6'bnrapMR HRM8 MHoro men who do the shopping. o ~ You'd do best to go to the market. r -)I(a KOJIHHC HCKa eAHH KHJIorpaM npacKoBH. "Ie Io1Ma6~e* KOIo1Toa3apyBaT C YAOB611CTBl. ••e What the woman means is that M'WKlrre B 6'b11r8pMR He men in Bulgaria don't like o6M'faT AS n838pYB8T.an6'te 8M)I(. 8KO 06M'I8w rp63AeTo • MHoro cniAKo. KynM 0" &AMH KMnOrpBM. MonR K"bA8 MM8 M8r83MH 38 nnOAOB8 M aneH'tY4M. It's a good thing that there still are men who gladly do the shopping . Mr. HaM-AOOp6 e AS OTMAeTe H8 n83ipa.1e n . Ml>>K9. rp63AeTO e MHoro cJIaAKo H r-)I(a KOJIHHC HCKa Aa KYnH oII(e. Buy another kilogram. AJKoPAlK. A06pe. r-)I(a KOJIHHC HCKa AaH npeTerIDIT eAHH ninew. KOHTO 06H'laT Aa na3apyBaT. the basic Bulgarian currency unit has been the no Qev. MonR. The sub-unit (one hundred to every lev) is the CTOTMHK8 (stotinka. shopping. Ta3M )l(eHa npoAiB8 xj6aBM 38J18H'IY4M. In English.. KaKBMAPYrM nJlOAOB8MMaTe? MM8Me R6'bnKM. Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. r-H KOJIHHC HCKa Aa KYnH THKBH'lKH. eAMH ~ *To express 'still'. George. Ao6p6. from CTOmeaning hundred).. a K'hAe e Hau-Ao6pe Aa oT~aT r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC 3a nJIOAOBe H 3eJIeH'lYIUl? KaKBH ca llJIOAOBeTe H 3eJIeH'lYIUlTe Ha na3apa? KaKBO He 06H'la r-)I(a KOJIHHC? KOJIKO KHJIorpaMa AOMaTH HCKa r-H KOJIHHC? KaKBH nJIOAOBe npOAaBa )l(eHaTa? KOJIKO eTPyBa BCH'lKO? b c d e f 2 True or false? a r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC HCKaT HeBeHa Aa HM nOKa)l(e cJIaAdpHH~aTa. HaM-np8cHM n83ip'bT He 8 p. A06pe. ••• 0"* MM8 M'b)l(6. 838M8Te CMI Help yourself! T83M these TMKBM'tKM courgettesizucchinis As 8M ASM nM? Shall I give you some? >Ketti MMHe 06tNa TMKBM'tKM. KonKO CTpyB8T AOMBTMTe? "8TMpM 1I8B8 A nbnewMTe? WecT n8B8 M neTA8C8T CTOTMHKM KMnorpBM. lion. Please give me one kilogram of tomatoes. peaches and grapes. My wife doesn't like courgettes. is to say 'leva' or 'Ievas'. I don't mind shopping. Collins should have said o••• before ilMa. How much are the tomatoes? four levs And the melons? Six levs and fifty stotinkas a kilogram. or .••• 1I6w1KM nonoBMH KMnOrpBM 6Rno rp63Ae nnaYM. nnOAOB8Te M 38neH'tY4MTe T8M He ca 8BTMHM.. In Bulgaria.. The temptation. however. KOMTO n838PYB8T C YAoBoncTBM •••• *See the note to the DI810gue one kilogram of these apples half a kilogram of white grapes pay. AiMTe MM.•. 83 HRM8M HM~O npoTMB Oh. r -H KOJIHHC e eAHH OT Te3H M'h)l(e. KOMTOn838PYB8TI >KeHaT8 MCK8AS KBlKe. if you please. As KynMM AOMBTMOT H8R. the plural of 'lev' should rightly be 'Ievs'. 38 npeTern8Te MMT03M n'bnew. The fruit and vegetables are not cheap there. b C AS n838PYB8M.r-H KOnMHC A06pe. d e f o More about money Since the early 1880s. &AMH KMnorpaM AOMaTM. What other fruit do you have? We have apples. lit. rOToBol nbneW'bT e ABa KMnorpaMa M nonOBMHa. freshest the market is not far Look. 0. aKo 06M't8Te. e nOK8)I(8Te HM. shortly after the liberation of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire. after the rampant lion that is the offici81 emblem of free BUlgaria). this woman is selling nice vegetables. M'b)l(8. Please show us where there is a greengrocer's. Weigh this melon for me. Let's buy some tomatoes from her.

MOJIB. M6nR. Grammar 1 More masculine plurals Masculine nouns of one syllable have a plural ending all of their own. 50 and 100 levs. There are coins for 1. 5. So do tot up the various items yourself. the arithmetic of stallholders can be unreliable. and also for one lev(che). They are light in colour and larger than the ones we are used to. )l. CTO eBpa etc. Similarly.na Ylla.na na3apyBaM. Although not always marked up. I I I I like grapes. like shopping. Here you will find a variety of largely seasonal fruit and vegetables being offered for sale by individual stallholders. Let's buy some tomatoes from this woman. 2. don ~ like studying. KOJIKOcrpyBa n1.. a 06 ••••aM . And if you want less than a pound. preferably in Bulgarian and out loud! In Bulgaria.not by the pound and even cucumbers and melons are usually sold by weight. Toaa cDBcaBBe! • Asking how much something costs Please give me ten tickets. the weight is usually calculated in grams or fractions of a kilogram. . 2. but you will not be expected to haggle over the prices of fruit and Haii-.a KjDBM . influenced by the Bulgarian feminine plural CTOTMHKM.counting form ABa nesa.na oTimeTe fta na3apa! • Expressing your likes and dislikes You'd do best to go to the market. Notes come in denominations of 1. o •••••••• The Bulgarian for 'one dollar' whether US or Canadian . In everyday conversation. is neuter and has no plural: BAH6 eBpa. How do you say it? • Asking someone to give you/show you something o •••••••• )l.a oTimeM fta na3apa! )l.neceT 6BJIha! nOKa3Che MR. vegetables. As with waiters. you will often hear neB'fe or BAH6 neB'fe used instead of BAMH neB. MOJIK. courgettes (or zucchinis if you prefer) are more like small marrows. all eager that you should leave your money with them. 10. Sometimes the stall-holder will even offer you something to taste. and overcharging is not unknown. Some nouns keep the stress on the ftrst . so you say CTO STRENGTH THROUGH UNITY A6napa (only one n remember!) The pound sterling has a feminine and masculine form: BAHa aHrnMMcKa nMpa or BAMH 6pMTaHcKM "aYHA.neDfbT? KOJIKOCTpyBaT j6'bJOO1Te? • Making suggestions How much is the melon? How much do the apples cost? Let's go to the market. but you will most likely be tempted to say 'stotinki'. so 'one hundred pounds' would be either CTO aHrnMMcKM nMpM or CTO 6pMTaHCKM "aYHA8. a 06 •••• M npacKoBB. The 'eura'. diminutive form. 20. 06 06 He He ••••aM rp03. which is far more frequently heard than the straight singular neB.ne. M6nR.aiiTe MR. When buying quantities less than a kilogram. If they end in -ii they add -ese. 10. If they end in a consonant they add -OBe to the singular. Fruit and vegetables are sold by the kilogram .is The Bulgarian national ofarms: coat BAMH A6nap. say. don't like peaches. 5. 20 and 50 stotinkas. the plural of 'stotinka' in English should be 'stotinkas'. It is normal practice almost everywhere for you to select your own fruit.nOMaTBOT TbH 3Cemi! • Giving advice Buying fruit The best place to buy fruit is at one of the many open-air markets. (Not that Bulgarians ever buy in such small quantities!) Bulgaria is a Mediterranean-type country and a 'bridge to the East'. you say TpMCTa rpaMa CMpeHe. TpM neBa etc. the prices you will be given when you ask K6nKo CTpysa? (or K6nKo CTpyBaT?) will be firm. This is the affectionate. of cheese. now universally listed on currency exchange boards (see Unit 6). •••• M . So if you want half a kilogram of tomatoes you say nonoBMH KMnorpaM AOMaTM.n06pe e .

oBe rrpacKoBa: rrpacKoBH H6bJIKa: H6bJIKH 3eJIeH'IYU:HTe rrJIo.n.oBe towns rrJIo. There is a singular imperative.ueTe: .(aiiTe MH. Once again.n.n. M6JIx! Please give me.n.a) rrJIaTH Imperative singular rroKan! ee.ll. Only very few masculine nouns of one syllable form their plurals differently.rrellI Plural rrl.ll.Jlli:KoBe envelopes COK c6KoBe juices HO)J( .rry6 KnY60Be clubs KJIlO'I .:J.n.BaiiTeee! urpaiiTe! rrHiiTe! don't park be happy play drink (b) In most e.II.a) rroKa)J(a (.:rrJIo.rreIIIHTe the melon the melons There are two alternative plural forms of the: -Te and -Ta. for situations when you would need to use the singular THform. take to yourself) Please show me.n. and a plural imperative.n.Hhe! KyrreTe! rrJIaThe! show sit down buy pay (b) -Ta is added to plurals in -a and -x: BHHO:BHHa BHHaTa Note that in these verbs the stress is on the fmal syllable in the singular and on the penultimate syllable in the plural. although more than one syllable. you will notice an element of rhyme or vowel harmony. The endings of the imperative are either -ii (-iiTe) or -a (-he). Two common examples are: These are all commands or requests in the polite plural.l. (lit.syllable.n.ZJ.BaHce! urpau! rrHii! Imperative plural He rrapdpaiiTe! pa. Please help yourself.eu:a nJIcM6: rrHcMa 6paT: 6paTx .n. 6pOH rrJIo.n.ll.a) ce.HO)J(6Be knives rpa.Hit! KyrrH! rrJIaTa! Imperative plural rroKa)J(he! ce. You have already come across a number of similar forms (all ending in -Te) 3anoBAAaiiTe! 3. .OBe fruit 6p6eBe numbers.rreIII'LT with the rrl. rpa.and H-pattern verbs the ending of the I form of the present tense is replaced by -a in the singular and -he in the plural: 3eJIeH'IyK: 3eJIeH'IYQH rrJIo. (a) In a-pattern verbs and verbs with an I form ending in two vowels you replace the present tense endings of the I form with -ii or -iiTe: 2 Using the with plural nouns: adding -Te and -Ta The Bulgarian equivalent of the is added to the end of the word. while in others the stress jumps either to the middle or to the final syllable: K.Ha (.) 3 Telling people what to do .BaM ee HrpaH rrHH Imperative singular He rrapdpaii! pa.a) KyrrH (. M6JIx! B3eMeTe eH. Which you need depends entirely on the final letters of the plural form.n. Gender plays no part whatsoever.n.rrellIH a melon melons with the rrl. M6JIx! nOKaache MH. (a) -Te is added to plurals in -H or -e: Present tense rrapKHpaM (I park) pa. however. for situations when you would use Bae or Bae.eu:aTa rrHcMaTa 6paTJlTa the children the letters the brothers (There are more neuter plurals in Unit 8. has the plural u:eHTpoBe.n.n.KmO'IOBe keys rrJIHK . copies .n. as we saw earlier: Singular rrl. Note that u:eHT'hp(centre).paBeiiTe!and Ka3CeTe!These forms are known as imperatives.oBhe rrpaCKOBHTe H6bJIKHTe the vegetables the fruit the peaches the apples the wines (note the stress change!) the villages (stress change here too! Present tense (.

neMJIH Ha na3apa? .na KyUHM! Shall we go to the market? Yes. Please weigh this melonforme.na THnOKa)l(a C6<f!HR.in Bulgarian you have to select one of four slightly different forms: . M Please show us the menu. This is the you form.neM! . she..neMHa naJapa! . Ta3H KapTH'IKa! IlpeTerJIeTe MH.(a3) MM TM Pre •• (Aa) (Aa) (Aa) (Aa) nt BHAS' AaM RM Singular BIo1>Id Plurel BH>KTel A8HTel s!l>KTel enaTel (TI1) AaMl R>KI ena! look give (TOH) My (TR) III (TO) My eat come tome to you to him to her to it (HHe) (BHe) (Te) HM BM MM to us to you to them A6~a 4 (As) ASM I give 6 Where to put the indirect object pronoun Like the reflexive pronoun ce. M6JU1. the short indirect object pronoun usually comes immediately before the verb: HCKaM . however. Could you show us the market? o •••••• This verb follows the e-pattem. TOBa and Te3M: this. and the person to whom the thing is given or shown (the indirect object). Please give me the menu. it must give (Watch the stress of DOK8aceTe.z:ulH M KHJIorpaM rp63. Ta3M.aHTe HMemOTo. The examples below are therefore accompanied by TpROBa: a3 TH TOM HI TO } o •••••• TpMsa Aa .ne! IloKa)l(eTe MH' M6mI. Happily. not the imperative!) If the verb is the fIrst word in the sentence.e.Qa. M6)1(e JIH .aHTe H. 7 . M6JU1.aOTH. Bulgarian.nem? . let's! In English.£laM J must give HHe TpR6sa AS ASA6M sHe TpR6sa Aa ASAllTe we must give you must give TpMsa AS ASA6W you must give TpMsa Aa ASA6 he.ZJ. Please show me this postcard. usually manages without a preposition. these In situations where in English you use this or these .ZJ.ZJ.ZJ. T63H ninem! Please give me a kilogram of grapes. 5 . Here is a list of those short indirect object pronouns with the subject forms in brackets: 8 T03M. show me When using verbs like give and show you usually need to mention both what you give or show (the direct object).ZJ.allJIaTlIM! Let's go to the market! Let's buy the melon! Let's pay! If we add JIB and turn these examples into questions.na HB nOKll)l(eTe naJapa? I want to show you Sofia.ZJ.~a OTH. the affIrmative answer will involve two different usages of ~a: .aKYnHMninema! .ZJ.l]. . let's! Shall we buy a melon? Yes.aKYnHMJIH ni.a. the pronoun comes immediately after the verb: IloKa)l(eTe HB MemOTo.ZJ. M6JU1.Qa Let's/ and shall we? . you often need two words (a preposition like to orfor and a naming word or a pronoun like me) to express the indirect object: Give it to me or Weigh it for me.ZJ. . M6JU1.he MM! nOKa)l(eTe MM! Give me.aOTH. but the I form is irregular. the forms of the most common indirect object pronouns (the so-called 'short forms') are the same as those used to express possession (see Unit 3).acan be used with the we form to express the English let's! or shall we?: .a.when pointing to or referring to something or someone nearby . In the present tense ~aM only occurs after ~a.

ni.naiiTe HH__ I ETO TYKHMa H>iKOJIKO __ r -H ~OHCbH HCKa. just as you did with the adverbs: . Pyce H TipHOBO ca __ B li'LJIrapHs. TeJIet6H.MOJIS. for example (i.neIIIB MoJIS. the 06. 06H'Iam JIB__ 1 1 . T.the following common instructions: Which of the notices would you expect to fmd: 6YTHMI Push.neliMa rraBHJIHOH1 Tp>i6Ba . HeBeHa e rro-xy6aBa OTHa.nKo. sometimes given in the singular.ne B mOJIKo 6i.na MH K<!)J(eTe K'L. sometimes in the plural.na KYrrS6HJIem.ns Ha M'L)J(aMH. cheaper To say that something is cheaper. n6-eBTMH Cheap. Tp>i6Ba .JDh:a.JDh:oBe 9 EBTMH. aDT&i:aand 6liHKa.bH K<!pTH'IKa xy6aBa/ e 06-xY6aBa. I II.naM JIB .JIrapcm __ . to make the comparative form of the adjective). He ra38Te TpeBaTal Keep off the grass! When there is a preposition before the noun.Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural T63M rOm\M MaraSMH this large shop this old womall this beautiful child these young men Exercises 1 TUM CTspa >KeHS Ton xy6aBO AeT8 M"b>K8 T63M MllSAIiI Select from the regular and numerical plural forms in the box (all masculines!) to complete these sentences: a b MMaTe JIB-. At the market the fruit is fresher than in the shops. .a BH. This wine is sweet/sweeter. AP'bnHMI Pull.noBeTeca rro-II¢cHH OTK6J1KOTO B Mara3HHHTe. however. Ha rra3apa rrJIo.ns HCKa. Observe cleanliness). The adjectives. .KO/ o6-cmi.ns.e. 3 in a shop or bank c on doors into a shop in a park d near live electricity cables Ask the appropriate questions using the phrases given below and choosing between oaBBJIB6H (kiosk).na ce 06a. Nevena is more beautiful than Nadya.na 06MeH>irrapli.on the front.nBa__ . These cucumbers are cheap/ cheaper. na38Te'lMCTOTal No litter (lit. II. you use OTin place of the English than.A:6'LJIKHTea rro-eBTHHH c OTrrpacKoBHTe. Public notices are often instructions. So you say: T03H rrirrem e eBTHH/ o6-eBTHH.na om. IT you want to compare one thing (or person) with another. In Bulgaria the vegetables are cheaper than in England. b a Model: a b MO)J(e JIB . 16aH3Ha. 6aH8HH (banana) I )l. As with the adverbs. ~a-. The apples are cheaper than the peaches. Ha. have to be changed according to gender. Tp>i6Ba . depending on what noun they go with. .is emphasized and we will again add a stress mark to remind you of this. TOBa BHHOe CJIl1.D. This card is beautifuV more beautiful.na KYrrH . He nMnail Don't touch! nnaT8Te Ha dcaTal Pay at the cash desk. you have to use OTK6JncOTO instead of OT: B li'LJII'apHS 3eJIeH'IY'~HTe ca rr6-eBTHHH OTK6JIKOTO B AmJIHS. as you did with the adverbs in Unit 5.nerna. bigger or more beautiful. Te3H KpaCTaBHQIIca eBmHH/ 06-eBTHHH. all you do is place 06. You would do well to note and observe! . This melon is cheap/cheaper.nsa __ r-xca KOJIHHC 06H1Ja __ I ni.

He Ta311. HH. T03H. He 06H'IaM --_.na dpaTe CKH(to go skiing)? ..Ao Hefl a.n'bK Ha.na K)rnHM! a b C .. and also to make sure you have not forgotten how to use the construction with ~a.a. as if you were talking to a child or a good friend: a b C KyneTe MAAKO. MOnx! Ce)J.lO KapTI1YKaTa C YHI1BePCI1TeTa. .ll. cTaxTa.ll. r-)K8 K6nMHc Mo>t<e IJ111. ninelll.na. singular forms.oMaTH/THKBH'IKH/npecHH IIinem/rpo3. MO)KeJIH.na '1eTem? .HeTe.qa BI1 .na MH nOd)KeTe and either: a TCl3H. MOnx! Ka)KeTe.naM. ! .ll.a K)rnHMJIH KpeM? . Moml! o ••••••• You've now moved to the open-air market. MOnx.na Kyml aCDHpHH.naHTe. MH.qaM? Ta311 C epoHTaHI1Te 11Hapo. MO)KeJIH. C d e Imagine you are in a pharmacy/drugstore. .noMaTH: 9 Try rearranging the words below to make proper sentences: a b C d e JIH. AaHTe MI1 CblJ.qHI1f1TeaTbp. b Tll3H.ll. MOnx! . MHoro 06H'IaM .nip KpeM (cream) cnHcaHHe HO)KOBe First read aloud these polite (plural) forms of a number of common instructions. cnHcaHHe.nx/HeBeHa/3aeTa KpaCTaBHQH/THKBH'lKH/rOJIeMH 6 Give affll1llative answers to these questions following the model: .na na3apyBaTe? He.noMl:lTHTe? .ll.na. MOnx. MH. BH. answer the following questions: a b 06H'IaTe JIH .na Kyml BecTHHQH. Ask for the items listed below using MO)Ke JIH . r-)K8 K6mtHC np0A8B8'1K8 r')K8 K6mtHC np0A8B8'1K8 d 7 To practise saying what you do and do not like doing.qHa KapTI1YKa OT e Coepl1f1. .a ce 06a)J. Model: a b C d e IIinem/6aHliH/roAAM IIinem'bT e no-roAAM OT 6aHaHa. coma . KJllO'Ia! TOBa.ll.ll.ll.MOnx! EJIaTe. MHoro 06H'IaM --_.a..a. MHoro 06H'IaM .1Ma olJ. 06H'Iam JIH .? nOKa)KeTe.c d Tpx6Ba .. R6'bJIKH/npacKoBH/eBTHHH . .. Tbl111l1? He... MOnx! d e f BH)KTe. . . ? HH. Then use their familiar.na n'bTYBaTe (travel)? .a oTH.ll.ll.ll.na . Ask for the items below using the model: KOJIKOCTPyBaT .neM JIH Ha BHToma? .neM JIH Ha TeHHc? .qHa.HM JIH Ha HHKoJIaH? Do you understand? Dialogue Mrs.ll. 06H'Iam JIH .aHTe. He 06H'IaM 06H'IaTe JIH .neTe.le e. Tpx6Ba .a. .nHH KHJIorpaM . MOl1f1? KOf! .na Hrpaem (play) Ha KOMmOT'bp? He.aHTeMH e.a nJIaTHM JIH cera? . C TOBa or d Te3H 'lama (glasslcup) cDHcaHHx KpeMoBe '1amH JIedpcTBo (medicine) 8 dpTa '1a.a oTH. 06H'IaTe JIH . Collins is at the post office (B D6~aTa). nOKa)KeTe. With the exception of (d) you have to use the definite forms throughout.? o ••••••• ~ ~ a KpacTaBHQH(cucumbers) 10 Practise some comparisons by making complete sentences out of the words below..na.ne/cJIa.

IIIT83111apTa Ha C6eplll~. M6n~. UJIHKa H meeT MapKH. -)I(ew HOB -- nmoc CMpeHe True or false? 1 Hap6.f(a. TOBa B H6Ba KapTa Ha C6eplll~.nJ)0A8B8'tK8 r-)I(a K6mtHC nJ)0A8B8'tK8 r-)I(a K6nMHc np0A8B8'tK8 r->Ki K6nMHC nJ)0A8B8'tK8 r-)I(a K6nMHC npoA8B8'tK8 He140 APyro? Aa. u6maTa TeaThp e B HMa H>1:KOJIICO 2 B KcipTH'IKH C Hap6. nnMKoBeTB MapKIIITe ca ABa III AeCBT. 3 HRMaMB6l11neTIII. 3 4 5 r-)f(a r-)f(a r-)f(a K6JIHHC He HCKa K6JIHHC HCKa meCT crpyBaT . K6nKO TpR6Ba Aa Bill ASM BCM'-IKO? KapTIII'-IKIIITB ca nBB III ABaMcBT. fountain The National Theatre also stamp to show new plus white cheese (feta) ~OHTaH Hap6AHMJlT TeaTbp Cb140 MapKa (As) nOK8>Ka.f(e meCT JIeBa H TPHHceT CTOTHHKH. Bill AaM nlll nnMKoBB III MapKIII? As A.f(Ba HHmo . 6 K6JIHHC TPR6Ba .f(HHu C6c1>HlI.ABa nnMKa III ABB MapKIII 3a AMepIIIKa. BM>KTB. nOKa>KeTBMill. MCKaMIIIAecBT 6111neTa a TpaMBaM. Aa . K6nKO cTpyBa? KapTaTa cTpyBa Tplll neBa.f(eceT CTOTHHKH.f(a . In this unit you will learn • how to order a meal in a restaurant • how to say what Bulgarian dishes you prefer • how to recommend dishes to someone else .f(HHlI TeaT'bp. nmoc KapTaTa. npaBIII W9CTneBa IIITpMMCBT CTOTMHKIII.f(PYro. K ETo. KapTH'IKHTe JIeBa H .

TapaTOp What shall we order? Can I see the menu? Look. np&AnO'tMTaM Tonna cyna.ap~.. npenop'i. MHoro 8 BKYCHa.ap~. then. HMaTe nM nnOAOBM COKOBe? ra3MpaHa BOAS aKO 06M'taTe 6AnOTO &MHOe MHOro xj6aBO. Toraea 3a M9He yawa 6~110 BIIlHO. aK6 06l1lyaTe. TOBa ca cynMTe M can6TMTe. KaKBO MM npenopi. A3 06l1lyaM 6'i. A06pe.) ETo. eAlllH TapaT6p M ABa nbTM n1. ABe w6ncKM canaTM. here are the soups and the salads. I1MMOHSAa r83l1lpaHa BOAS.nHeHM YYwKM.r-H A>t<6HC'bH?' He. CepBMpa ce CTYA8Ha. are about to" order a meal.a. TOBa ca cymne M cal1aTMTe. HO: Ha MeA He nlllJ:l anKox611. 611arop.a B39MeM n1. (Reading and pointing.I1HeHMYyWKM.l1rapcKa. It is delicious. H9l1\0 3a nllleHe? A.aMTe.M611J:1.yaMe? M6>Ke 11M BIIlAJI MeHIOTo? Aa 3anoB~Aamel (Opening the menu and pointing. A06p9.chicken soup. These are the Bulgarian specialities. A06p9. stuffed peppers twice How much bread? four white bread rolls Anything to drink? Shall we take a bottle of wine? I don't drink alcohol at lunchtime. H9l1\O APyro? He.'lBaM 8M TCriBa T63M Then I recommend you this 6'bnrapcKM Cf184M8I1MT8T. tarator (Bulgarian cold summer o CO r-H r-H r-H r-H A*OHC'bH AHTOHOB A*OHC'bH AHTOHOB soup) It is a soup made of yoghurt Ton 8 cyna OT KMceno MnAKO M Kp8cTaBM4M. I prefer a hot soup. Ii1cKaTe 11M TapaT6p? KaKB6 e TapaT6p? TOBa e cyna OT KIIlC8110 MI1~KO M KpaCTaBM4M. p. Anything else? r-H A*OHC'bH CepBMTbbp r-H AHTOHOB C8PBMTbbp r-H AHTOHOB Questions 1 Try to answer these questions.DDialogue Mr Antonov and Mr Johnson.l1rapcKM cne4ManMT9T . TOBa ca 6'i.lUlO'IHTa r-H ~OHC'bH? KaKBo IICKa r-H ~OHC'bH 3a nHeHe? KOH nOpiqBa 'lama BIIHo? . This one here . A 3a Bac. ToraBa 38 MeHe 'tawa 6Ano BMHO. r-H A*OHC'bH r-H AHTOHOB KaKBO All nopi. eAHa w6ncKa canaTa 3a M9He.nMn8WKa cYna.'tBaTe? WoncKaTa caniTa 8 TMnM'tHO 6bnrapcKa. r-H AHTOHOB r-H A*OHC'bH r-H AHTOHOB KaKB6 p. It is served cold. CaMO K611a.nHeHM YyWKM.) ETo Ta3M . (To the waiter.lUIr-H ~OHC'bH? KaKBO npenOpiqBa r-H AJITOHOB? KaKBo e TapaTOp? KaKBo npe.l1rapcKMTe cne4ManMT9TM.'taM8? MOJKe nM All BMAR MeHIbTo? ETo. M611J:1. his guest from England. ETO T83M . KaKB6 MMnpenop'i. rocnOAlllHe? 6~I10TO BIIlHo e MH6ro xY6aBo. p. a b c d e f KaKBo IICKa~a BII. 3a M9He eAHa ra311lpaHaBOAS. CO o r-H A*OHC'bH r-H AHTOHOB C8pBMTbbp r-H AHTOHOB C8PBMTbbp r-H AHTOHOB C8PBMTbbp r-H AHTOHOB r-H A*OHC'bH nbnH8HM 'tyWKM ABa ni. 611aroAap~. 3anOB~p. TJ:I e AOMaTM. 3a C'b>Kan9HMe.TM KonKoxnR6? 'tMMPM 68nM xn86't8Ta H6Iqo 38 nM8H8? Aa B36MeM nM 6yntnu BMHO? Ha o6eA H8 nMR anKoxOn. npenopi. Aa B39MeM 11M 6yrlll11Ka BIIlHO. CepBlIlpa ce CTYA9Ha. Have you any fruit juices? soda water if you please The white wine is vety good. 611arop. M611J:1. K611KOxnJ:l6? 49TMpM 6911Mxn96YeTa.) M6>Ke 11M ? .. KpaCTaBM4MM clllpeHe.YBaM BM ToraBa T63M 6'i. npeAnOYIIlTaM T6n11a cYna. Helqo APyro? Bulgarian speciality.YBaTe? W6ncKaTa canaTa e TMnlllYHo 6'i. A glass of white wine for me. Ton ca 6bnrapcKMTe cne4ManMTMM. eAHa nllll1eWKa cyna. Ii1MaTe 11M n116AOBM c6KoBe? He.nllll1ewKa cyna. He.l1rapcKMTe BMHa. What can you recommend (me)? The 'shopska'salad is typically Bulgarian. MH6ro e BKYCHa.n'i.a nop'i. and cucumbers.

~ o CO a reservation? All restaurants serve alcohol . a glass of hot water. that if you do want a traditional 'cuppa'. with waiters in black ties. often with limited seating.and are no~ bothered abo~ decor. Nonsmoking sections are the exception rather than the rule. Here you can find soft drinks. They eat lots of bread . Restaurants in hotels with restaurants (xoTen-p8CTOpaHT) mainly at holiday resorts .not just with their soup course . unless they have been pre-booked for a closed function. a cup of coffee or a Kana .usually Coca-Cola or Pepsi. red peppers and chopped onions. and they generally offer good value for money. hot chocolate. look for a notice with the word cK6pa (grll/).:'11 . self-serviceestablishments. try and find a table outside. In the larger towns there are plenty of eating places to choose from. They go as much for the company as for the food.are generally open to non-residents. noisy and full of cigarette smoke.Once the Bulgarian equivalent of the English fish and chip shop. up-market establishments. H TapaT6p'bT ce cepBHpa CTYAeH. Some of these restaurants are quite formal. preferably 6MP8-CK6pa. The more popular. you will have to ask for itl 101 if ! . Although traditionally in BUlgaria you only drank tea (without milk) when you were unwell. r-H AHT6HOB H r-H ~6HC1>H He nOpi'lBaT XID16.f you I are wanting a Chinese restaurant.but more Bulgarian . freshly grilled meatballs (KI()(f)TeTa)and delicious. For the more popular establishments. n Food and eating out o CO Bulgarians enjoy eating out. Many of these establishments have foreign names. very functional. HO He aJIKOx6JI. coffee. with menus in more than one language. usually English. so go early. Specifically vegetarian restaurants are few and far between. Most of the well-known Western food chains are represented. including tea made from a variety of different herbs. They offer a wide choice of dishes. look for the notice &i. it's best to make a reservation (pe38pB8~JI). Pop in for a sandwich.~M). Service can be slow. There are many small street bars . but you can usually make up a very decent vegetarian meal from the standard dishes on offer. some sugar and a tea bag. so allow plenty of time for your meal and enjoy the company and the atmospherel If you go out in a group. spicy grilled sausages (Ke68n'leTa). r -H ~6HC1>H HCKaHemO 3a nHeHe. you can find all kinds of tea. which is often served warm rather than hot. Order any number and eat with beer. They serve beer.look for &ap or Kac1J6 with tables out on the pavement in the summer. bread and a piquant red sauce made of tomatoes. more likely. And if the weather is good. TIiJIHeHHTe '1yWKHca 6iJII'apcKH Cne~HaJIHTeT. If you want something similarly cheap . a Bulgarian 68HM'IKa(pasty).and spend a long time over their meals. you will probably be presented with a cup or. And if you want milk. look for KMTallcKMp8CTOp8HT. Grilled meat dishes are also popular in more fashionable. though. There are also many small eating places offering dishes such as grilled chicken to take away (nMne Ha rpMn 38 BKi. .2 True or false? a b c d e f ill6ncKaTa camlTa e c KHceJIO MJci:KO KpaCTaBH~H. Look for the sign nMl48pMJI. Remember. There are plenty of these too. you may be asked on entering KanKo AyWM cTe? How many (people) are you? and MMaTenM pe38pBa~MJI?Do you have For a quick bite. '1epeH '1all (black tea).at any time of the day or night. a variety of alcoholic drinks. tea etc. Ha 66eA r-H AHT6HOB nHe CaMOJIHMOHaAa. There are innumerable Italian restaurants. here are myriad T informal snack bars.P38 38KycKa or 3aKYCBanHJI. You will be expected to brew up yourself at the table. maybe toasted. both large and small. serving traditional pizza and pasta dishes. these 6Mpa-cK6pa establishments are regrettably becoming increasingly rare. many of them 'international'. Some sell Middle Eastern food and have appropriate Middle Eastern names. certainly in the large urban centres. especially in the evenings. smaller restaurants often get very busy.

.TB.. ~. • Saying once. please. "il'li i!l~ ~E . please. Moml! Hm. What can you recommend (me)? I recommend you this soup.TB '1mpa n1. Something to drink.TB TpB n1. and the resulting 'rhyme' creates the distinctive Bulgarian 'machine-gun' effect: xne64eTaTa Ka<j)eT8T8 nap4eTaTa the bread rolls the coffees the pieces MeHIbTaTa T8KCHT8Ta yHCKMTaTa the menus the taxis the whiskies 3 ABa and ABe: two times two You have already briefly come across these two forms of the numeral for two in Unit 4..s If you use more than one adjective. a cup of . the definite article added to adjectives is the same as the deftnite article added to nouns of the same gender. li ! .102 How do you say it? • Asking What can you recommend? and recommending yourself something :I. etc.o 1a neue.. 1. Only with masculine nouns is there any change. which are considered neuter nouns. etc. a bottle of .ene.they both end in -Tal Grammar 1 The with adjectives When an adjective is added to a noun used with the definite article.lJim m. words like BHTepBJO. I recommend you this wine.~ o CO • Asking for someone's preference and expressing your own Bae KaKBOnpeADo"IiTaTe? llpeADo"IiTaM TOWla ctoa. TaKCR and yRCKa. • Asking for something to eat or drink 2 More neuter plurals Many neuter nouns ending in -('1)e form their plural by adding -Ta: e~Ho e~HO e~Ho e~Ho XJIe61fe Kact>e nap1fe JIeB1fe 1feTHpH XJIe61feTa TpH Kact>eTa ."lBaM TB T83B c-yna. goes with becomes . once (lit.r. also take this plural ending: MHoro HHTepBIOTa HHKOJIKOMeHlOTa MHoro TaKClfTa HHKOJIKOyHcKHTa aKO 06i'1aTe 'lama Bimo 'lama Ka4Je 6yriJIKa BOO if you please a glass of wine a cup of coffee a bottle of wine • Saying a glass of .~ o CO Kano MB npeoopt. llpeoopt.flTaTa the salad BHHOTO the wine cYmrre the soups becomes becomes w6ncKaT8 C8naTa the 'shopska'salad 4epBeHoTo BHHO the red wine T6nmrre cYnM the hot soups When neuter plurals like MenJOTa and nap'l"a are used with the deftnite article. remember.o 1a tz.nrapcKM Cne4M8nMTeTM the lovely Bulgarian specialities 103 § .IUle nap1feTa MHoro JIeB1feTa Heu. as in ~ '1aca. they end in a double -TaTa. you only put the deftnite article on the end of the ftrst adjective: cne4M8nMTeTMT8 the specialities becomes xY6aBMT8 6i. four bread rolls three coffees two pieces many one-lev coins/notes Some words adopted from other languages. many interviews several menus many taxis several whiskies Be careful not to confuse these plurals with singular feminine nouns used with the deftnite article .'IB8III? llpeoopt.) e. MOJIJI! • Saying please in a more formal way Something to eat. MenlO.T ~a n1. What do you prefer? I prefer hot soup. (You will learn about this in Unit 9. the deftnite article moves from the noun to the adjective: Feminine Neuter Plur81 can.'IB8M _IDa T0B8 Bimo. twice. one time) twice three times four times As you can see..

Koe BHHO__ -aTe.aM sound very much alike. though.a nopi.lJ. 0.OBapaKHR CJIHBOBa paKHR nOpTOKaJIOBCOK R6'bJIKOBCOK fruit juice fruit gateau fruit-flavoured milk fruit gateaux or pieces of fruit gateau grape brandy plum brandy orange juice apple juice Masculine ABa TapaT6pa .JlHeHHTe qymKH.a He BHHO.lJ.a__ -a 6YTHJIKaBHHO.JIrapcKa 6Hpa rp63.lJ.a__ -aTe m6ncKa caJIlha? . recommend DpeD~pi.JIrapcKH cneQHaJIHTeT! :':-H . -OBO. Practise them usmg the following words in place of the words in bold: Model: CepBHTb6p'bT npenopi. two Englishmen and three Americans rp63.lJ. In a restaurant.. 6RJIO white MRCTO place CBRTworld but but but 6eJm Meed (note the stress change!) no CBeTa around the world KOR cYrra MH__ -aTe? r-H AHT6HOB HCKa.Benapq<ha .a --Me T63H 6i..-OBR)to a noun you can often form an adjective WIth the meaning made of. ~e goes with neuter and feminine nouns.'lBaM ~d prefer Dpe~o.OBO MJIRKO llJI6.OB(-088.lJ.lJ. you ftrst have to remove the ftnal vowel: nJIO.lJ. . Rand e: fickle vowels Depending on stress and the vowels that occur in the following syllable. fruit juice B~ ad~ng -.qBa 6JiJIo BOO HO a3 npeAIIOqHTaM 'IepBeBO.Bac6Ka ABa IIJIHKa .BaKHJIorpaMa but Feminine ABe camiTH .OBa T6pTa nJI6.masculine nouns denoting things and animals (but not persons). If the noun is feminine or neuter. if it is stressed and occurs in the final syllable. y or 'b.lJ. Happily. not with the special counting form: ~aMa llIIf'JIII'IaBHB TpltMa aMepllKam.lJ. CJIHBOBa paKHR nBJIemKa cYrra.lJ. if it is stressed and the vowels e or •• occur in the following syllable.Beqaum ABe cTaH Neuter . R is used either or e is used either or (a) (b) (a) (b) if it is stressed and the vowel in the following a b C nBJI3eHCKa(Pilsner) 6Hpa..lJ.l]. 6RJIa. qepBeHOTO HJIH 6RJIOTO? r -H AHT6HOB __ -a ni.: llJI6. 6i. 6 nnoA. would you use to complete these syllable is a.lJ.qaMe' 'IepBeBO BOO! 5 6Rno and 6enM. you will fmd that the vowels II and e may alternate.BeMapKH . perhaps putting a slip of paper between these pages.l].n:: R6'bJIKa: CO o Exercises 1 The Bulgarian verbs for order (~a) DOpi.lJ. if it is unstressed. These numerals are used with the normal plural of the noun.lJ.OB COK.OB COK nJI6.lJ. the rules governing these alternations are well-defmed. which recommend and prefer sentences? a b c d e f g So you will fmd: 6RJI.lJ.e: CJIHBa: nopToKa. . MCKaTe JIH .lJ. but you will probably only come across ~8Ma two and TpltMa three.OBapaKHR. so you can find them easily. 3eJIeHqYKoBa (vegetable) cyna of the Bulgarian words for order. nn6AoB COK Fruit. and you would do well to learn the rules. The changes are confusing. These forms exist for the numerals from two to six.'I8M.BellHcMa ABe TaKcHTa ABe MecTa 4 ABaMa two and TpMMa three: persons CO o You have to use special forms of certain numerals with masculine nouns for people.[()K6HC'bH __ -a llJI6.OBB6pTH T rp63.

acting as the customer: npo~aBa'IKa KJIHeHT npo~aBa'IKa KJIHeHT KaKB6 06H1faTe. Ke6aD1feTaTa) .naaMa as appropriate. M6ID1.'1aMe __ rp63~OBH c6xa H __ CamlTH. S So as to ftx in your mind the correct use of the different Bulgarian words for two.but not after ~alMa and TpiIMa. two cokes and three coffees. (Remember the singular of ~eu.) HMaMe Hy)f(.noBa T6pTa IIIOXOJIa.'\sk what sandwiches they have.'1aMe __ TapaT6pa? B XOTeJIaHMa __ aHrJIH1faHKH.noB cox Jl6'bJIKOBcox cox OT Jlro. Ask how much they are in two ways.) Now. 8 Now you want two coffees.) . say what is on offer in the way of: a b coffee tea C d cakes fruit juices Words you might need to know are: 6liJIKa herb. TaM HMa __ cBo66.n.a HrpajJT TeBHc.noBa (chocolate) T6pTa 6pexoBa T6pTa nopToxMOB cox rp63.M6IDI?(What would you like?) (. a K6JIKO cTPYBaT .a IIop'i.p3a 3aKycKa (snack bar) with a group of friends. ~e or .) HMaMe CaH.nBH1fH llIyHKa H c xalliKaBaJI. MeHTa peppermint and 6pex walnut. IjHe CMe caMo -_ . )].a XYuHM__ IIJIHXaH __ MapxH.a (pizza) H __ 6peXOBH T6pm. ~ cTaua HMa __ 6'i.d KHCeJIOMJDlKO eARa KpaCTaBHIla '1mB (garlic) COJI 6JIHO (vegetable oil) 6pexH (walnuts) e r g h j k I ~eu. HCKalli JIH ~a IIop'i. Now answer the question: KaxB6 HMa B TapaT6pa? 4 Read the following list of drinks and cakes out loud: Hec(xa<l>e) instant (coffee) xa<l>e ecn¢co espresso '1epeH'IaM MeHTOB'IaM 6HJIKOB'IaM ITJI6. a b C )]. Complete the dialogue below.a C KalliKaBM (yellow cheese) OMJIeT C lIIyHKa (ham) KlO<I>TeTa (meatballs) a 7 You go into a lit.(There are only two of us.0 rapaTa HMa __ Mara3HHa. )]. use ~Ba.aMTe MH __ IIap'leTa nli:u.nBe __ ? (Ke6aD1feTa.lJ.JIrapcxH cTy~eHTH.a is ~eTe. Here you can again see the special plural form of masculine nouns used after numbers .aMTe HH -_ JIHM6HOBH cJIa~oJIe~a (lemon icecreams).) )]. c (Ask for two sandwiches with ham and one with cheese.pYro? (Anything else?) (Ask for one orange juice.uu MecTa.LUi (strawberries) 6 Choose a soup and another item from the list below and order: a b C just for yourself another combination for yourself and a companion a third combination for your family of four o Q) = = MemO 3eJIeH1fYKoBacYna BereTapHaHcKa (vegetarian) cYna OMJIeT (omelette) C'bCcHpeHe nHu. two bread rolls and two meatballs. using ilMa.nYlliH. with and without the numeral. )].na OT __ 1falliH.

S III 9 !!l '" It K6JlKOCIpYBaT.mhaTa e MH6ro BKycHa! )l:a.oBaT6pTa 6i.'1BaT U MHJIeHa 3a B. Apyro? H8AJi ~ ABe KaepeTa. MMneHa. 3a MeHe 9A~H c8HABH'-IH nap'-le T6pTa. 3a MeH9 c1.'1BaM Bu '1epBeHOTo BHHO.y-naTa He e MH6ro BKycHa! R6'bJIKUTe ca MH6ro BKyCHU! T6pTaTa e MH6ro BKycHa! Xrre6'1eTaTa ca MH6ro BKyCHU! MmlKOTO He e MH6ro BKyCHO! (BereTepHllHcKa) (ni.'1BaT Te 3a nHeHe? Hw .JIHeHH) (6IDIO) (miJIemKa) ('1epBeHU) (llJI6. He e nM 3aTB6peHa? K6nKo e '-IacbT? 6ceM M nonoB~Ha. snack bun cheese rol/. aK6 06~'-IaT9.UlOnn6AoBa T6pTa.KapHH~aTa? 4 KaKB6 HMa 3a 3aKycKa? S KaKB6 nopi. KaKB6 06~'-IaTe.. 3HS'-IH ABa c8HABH'-Ia H ABe nap'-leTa T6pTa. recommend your companion the following: a b c 6HJIO BHHO CJIHBOBapaKHB: BereTapUaHCKa cy-na d e f mOKoml.cn6AK8 38TB6peH OTB6peH 38KYCK8 KMcI»na 66HM'IKa HelqO cn6AKo K8KC 10 Now. You agree.qKspHM4aTa. (The waitress comes back with the order. Tps16BaAa e oTB6peHa Be'-le. ABa s16bnKOBH c6Ka.D. V1MaT9nH nOpTOKBnOB COK? CepBMTb6pKa He. M6nSl? KaKB6 ~Ma 3a 3aKYCKa? 3H8'1M early sweet closed open breakfast. Aa on1AeM B cna.Be _ ? _ ill a (~~Ta) K6JIKO CTpYBaT __ ? b In a Sofia restaurant your dining partner praises the food .JIrapcKo.z.all except the chicken soup and the Bulgarian yoghurt.68HH'-IKH.eHe? 6 KaKB6 nopi.Be _ ? _ (XJIOO'leTa.» CO o paHO Cn8A1tK.T? 2 PaHO Jill e 3a pa6oTa? 3 3aTB6peHa Jill e CJIa. -TMW B8AHara CM8TK8 Do you understand? Dialogue Nadya and Milena meet in front of the office early one morning. JIoo'ltITllTa) X a K6JIKO crpyBaT __ ? b K6JlKOCIpYBaT. 6Ule e pSHO 3a ps6oTa. ~Ma c1.UlOTO.lJ. MMneHa Ao6pe.eTO e MH6ro BKYCHO! <. HeUlO Cn8AKo? V1MaK9KC. M6nSl. ii ~I Your partner Ca.D.qa nnan1M BeAHsra? CepBMTb6pKa Pa36~pa C9. TOBSe cMeTKaTa. follow the model to give your reaction in more precise terms. mceJIo) CaMABH'-IH.) CepBMTb6pK8 H6AA 3ApaBeM. Using the words in brackets. CepBMTb6pKa Hac Hn~ ecnpeeo? MMneHa Ecnpeco. CepBMTb6pKa MMneHa CepBMTb6pK8 H8AJi MMneHa CepBMTb6pK8 109 t! I '.JIrapcm cneumunrrem nHJI3eHCKa6Hpa caMO CAs) nnaTR.D. pasty something sweet (sponge) cake only to pay immediately bill soIthat is to say Questions 1 K6JIKO e '1acl.108 1~ ::::Il11 00- ::::II: "11: . m6ncKaTa ca.D. I:TO.K~epnH. H6AA MMneH8 H6AA MMneH8 H6AA (Inside. using the model Ilpenopi.rIara e MH6ro BKycHa! You This will help you remember that the definite article moves from the noun to the defining word! a b c d e f g h Cy-naTa e MH6ro BKycHa! qYmKuTe ca MH6ro BKyCHU! rp63.) H8AJi M6>t<9nH .OBa) (6eJill) (6i.D.lJ. CSMOs16bnKOB.

He M6)1(eMAa HaMepMM6ar~a Ha Te3M MOM eTa.• pHMTe KY<papMca Ha KeH.• •. APyrMSlT •. a KeH ailMaABa KY<papa.1 a KY<papMTe101M? A>t<OHKa3Ba.• KY<PapMTe1. then continues.Dialogue Mrs Collins uses her superior knowledge of Bulgarian to assist Nevena to help two young Americans. C KaKB6 M6ra Aa BM nOM6rHa.• MH6ro HenpM~THO! HWBaM ce Aa M6ra Aa nOM6rHal r-)I(a K6nMHC HeBeH8 r-)I(a K6nMHC HeBeH8 (At the airport. HO He ca roneMM. •.1 H a K6nKO KY<papa ailMaT. M6)1(eTe nM Aa oTailAeTe Ha neTailU4eTo? MailcnSl.• HTMTe My ca CMHM.13BMHeTe.1ailMaT •..• HTa e Ha A>t<OH.• peH KY<Pap! e (Coming up to the others.• peH KY<pap cblqO ro H~Ma.• HerOBMTeKY<papMca cbU40 e e •.• HTa Ha A>t<OH a A a SlH~Ma.• MMa eAailH KY<pap 1. •. •.• M6ra. H~Ma ro B MailTHM4aTa. e EnaTe Aa BM nOK~a H~KonKO KY<papa 1.1 e ABe •.He ca TeXHM. KaKbB e npo6neMbT? e MMTHM apMTe He M6raT Aa HaMepSlT 6ar~a •.) r-)I(8 K6nMHc MMTHM'tap r-)I(a K6nMHC MMTHM'tap r-)I(a K6nMHC MMTHM'tap r-)I(8 K6nMHC A66bp AeH! A3 CbM npeBoAa"'KaTa.. Pa36ai1paM.• OTaKa.• nMTaHTe M6raT nM Aa HaMepSlT TYK CB6Sl6ar~. M6)1(eTe nM Aa 101M nOM6rHeTe? Te ca r6CTM Ha HaWMSlXOTen.• HTa e ron~Ma.1 eAailH•. KaK M3rne~aT •. nailTaHTeK6nKO •. T6 •. PyraTa •.TOBa e 6ar~T Ha H~KOHAPyr. M6)1(enM Aa rOB6pSl c r-)I(a K6nMHc? Aa. A>t<OHKa3Ba. . e BaiI)l(Te.6H3M BMC6KMb)l( H6cM ron~Ma CailHSl aHTa •.• H6CSlT.• HTMTe 1. a APyraTa .M6)1(eTe nM Aa MM ~eTe KbAe e MailTHM4aTa?TOBa He e M6SlT6ar~.ManKa.• HTM1..• HTM. •.) NKS K6nMHc In this unit you will learn • how to ask for help • how to offer assistance • how to describe things and people Aa.• Ha neTailU4eTo. KeH Ka3Ba. (Mrs Collins translates. •.• Ha MOM eTaTa. KOailTO •.•. Ha Tene<P6Ha. EAHaTa e a •. M6nSl.• Hy~a OT npeBoAa.1 aHTMTe. Ky<paPbT My a e •.• pHM. •.1 aHTM.• 1. KbAe ca cera MOM eTaTa? •. •. HeBeH8 r-)I(a K6nMHC Ano.) l. HeBeHa? ABe MOM eTa OT AMllpMKa H~MaT napM 1. a ManKaTa CailHSl e •.• peH.

r-)J(a KOJlHHC He MO)J(e . HSiMa 3a11. nMTaMT8 ask AMOH K83Ba. Services are.especially in the rush hours . if you are lucky. This is not my luggage. low-down windows through which.e ca MOM'ieTaTa ceni? OTK'b. KY<I>apHTe Ha KeH ca rOJIeMH. nbTHMK passenger. Best buy your tickets in advance in strips. BM noM6nta? APyrMflT 'tepeH KyctJap The other black suitcase is Cbl.qeTO? airport? I think I can. Movement is slow in the centre and . but they are not big.pyr.ManKa. You're welcomeIDon't mention it.n... fl HRMa. "IepHMT8 KyctJapM ca Ha K8H. b c d e f g Koii HCKa . TOBa e 6ariulcbT Ha This is someone else's luggage.MMTHM'tap r-JKa KonMHC MMCl1~. 'te MMa &AMH John says that he has one KYctJap 101 AB8 'taHTM. HRMa ro B MMTHMl48Ta. nOMorHa...eHa JIeTHIIJ. KyctJapMTe 101 'taHTMTe. KOHTO HOCBT MOM'ihaTa ca Ha HBKOH . Ky<I>apHTe H 'iaHTHTe.. HO H8 ca roneMM.ye cera BCMYKO HapeA! 611aroAapSi.n. KaK M3rne*A8T 't8HTMT8 M What do their bags and KYctJapMT8 MM? suitcases look like? "IaHTMTe My ca CMHM. lDn Sl'i ::1111 ol'i 1:111 0-0Ill •• '~111 "I: :1:0- :e Questions 1 Try to answer a o the questions CD MOM'teTaTa.q0.n. C KaKB6 MOra PIJ. He ca TeXHM. HRKOMAPyr. nKrai4Te M6raT nM PIJ. BM noKilMa HRKOnKO Come and let me show you KYctJapa M 'taHTM.n.a rOBopH C r-)J«i KOJlHHC? K'b.a HM nOMorHe. Aa. frequent and still relatively cheap. KYctJap. BHCOKHBT M'b)J( He MO)J(e .eca MOM'ihaTa? OT KaKBo HMaT Hy)J(. • u ' o Getting about in town For travel within the larger towns you will find well-developed networks of trams. One of the bags is big and the !:AH8Ta 't8HTa e ronRMa.a OTH.n. suitcase and two bags. other small.. a APyraTa . His bags are blue. speaking.q8TO at the airport Could you get out to the MO)l(eT8 nM PIJ. r -)J(a KOJlHHC MO)J(e .qO His suitcases are black. trams or trolleybuses.n. buses. Vety unpleasant! MHoro H8npMRTHoI HaARBaM ce A8 Mora A8 I hope to be able to help. APyraTa 't8HTa Ha AMOH John's other bag is missing.n. black 'tapeH HerOBMTe KYctJapMca Cbl. 't8 Mora.n. The black suitcases are Ken's.l6. It's not at the customs. luggage here. o CD Yes. In Sofia there are no conductors on buses. KOMTO The suitcases and bags which Hocm. 101MoMOnteTe? n Can you help them? rOCTM Ha HaWMfl XOTen residents at our hotel Ha n8n'1. En8Te PIJ. traveller MMTHMl48 customs TOBa He e MOflT 6ar8M. missing. e rocn6>t<0 K611HHC. rather than indiVidually. 'tepHM.a HaMepH CBOB 6ara)J(. He MO)l(eM A8 HaMepMM ••• We can't find . HRMa 381. Ha Ten~OHa. you .n. they're carrying aren't theirs.. The only underground in BUlgaria is a single line in Sofia running from the Obelya district in the northwest into the centre of town.qOro HRMa. too. HaM8pflT Ask if they can find their TYK CBOfl 6ariIM.n. MMcnfl. too.It's cheaper! Do this at one of the many small street kiosks with their minuscule. 6H3M BMCOKM'b)I( HOcMronRMa That tall man is cartying a big CMHfl 't8HTa 101AMH 'tepeH 8 blue bag and a black suitcase. The customs men can't find MMTHM'tapMTe He MoraT A8 HaMepflT 6ariIMa Ha the boys' luggage. several suitcases and bags. trolleybuses and minibuses.aTe? KaKBO He MoraT .not always a pleasant experience.1I. How can I help you? two boys AB8 MOM'teTa MO)l(8T8 nM PIJ.a HaMepHT MHTHH'iapHTe? KOJIKO KY<I>apaHMa KeH? KaKBO HOCH BHCOKHHTM'b)J(? 2 True or false? a b c d e f MOM'ieTaTa ca B XOTeJIa.eTO. There are plans to extend the line out to the southeast. on'AeTe Ha n8TJ. however.

Taxis all have meters registering distance and time.ap ro oHMa. M8pWPYTKM) ply predetermined routes. Seat belts are fitted and should be worn.! Don't mention it. CD o cnMPKA KB. The he/she/it form M6ace with its distinct usage will be fam. armed with passes and usually in groups.! Mrs Collins is not in. The case is missing.dlar to yo~ from Unit 6.! o CD If you want to move about more quickly. Dressed in plain clothes.will just be able to see the assistant's hands and the tickets. they make collective raids to deter ticket dodgers. there IS a change of r to ac in all forms containing e in the ending: . • Responding to unpleasant news Mu6ro HenplUiTuo! • Responding to being thanked lIJiMa 3am6. There are plenty of both. • Saying one (of the . more colloquially. Neuter E~6TO MOM'lee TyK. take a taxi or a minibus. Most locals have season tickets. but almost three times the cost of the normal tram ticket. Good for longer distances. Ticket inspectors will. though. (K'L~e e r-H AuT6HOB?) lIHMa ro.ap'LT ro HHMa. you may have to push a bit. Feminine E~aTa 'IlinTa e romiMa./KY.. rOPHA 6AHSI Grammar 1 Mora A8 I can.. So. far cheaper than taxis. In addition to the change of personal endings. There is a single fixed fare for any distance.! ro HHMa. and the tickets are all one price for bus. Once on./r -H AuT6HOB He's not in. and in rush hours. You get on by any door. (TaM JIB e r-aca K6JIHHc?) lIJiMa JI./r -aca K6JIHuc JI oHMa. One (of the) bag( s) is large. M6ra belongs to the e-p~~ern.ap'LT?) lIHMa ro. or. She's not in. The minibuses (M8pWPYTHM T8KCifr8. One (of the) case( s) is missing.qCKM TPAHCnOPT . but pick up and set down on request anywhere along the route. The driver will not want to see your ticket. The kiosks display signs rpA. To be caught without a punched ticket inevitably leads to altercation and most probably a fine. tram and trolleybus.6Mn~TM M KAPTM. You're welcome. I am able to !he Bulgarian verb expressing ability or a particular skill to do things IS M6ra I canII am able toR am in a position to. It's missing. bad for short. How do you say it? • Asking for and offering help M6aceTe JIB ~a MB DOM6I11eTe? Can you help me? C KllKB6 M6ra ~a DB DOM6I11a? How can I help you? M6ra JIB ~a DB DOM6111a Can I help you with anything? C Hemo? • Saying that something or somebody is missing (K'L~e e Ky. but the driver will probably suggest you ignore them or merely lay them across your lap.) Masculine E~JIT Ky. One (of the) boy(s) is here. Make sure you punch a ticket as soon as possible in one of the small machines fixed to the side of the vehicle. Mr Antonov is not in.

as explained in Unit 3. etc.•• or e from its ending in the feminine. My cases are big.06p6. qaHTaTa e M6J1.n. you add -BJIT to the simple masculine form (or -0 if the phrase is not the subject in the sentence): oHc6ICM'L)J( a tall man BHC6IC1U1(T) M'L)J(the tall man MJIa. The customs officers cannot find the luggage. When you say MLnT MBmy husband. the full possessive adjectives have different endings depending on whether they are used with masculine.6iJIfapcICHtI(T) peqHHIC (c) If the adjective loses . you only add -BJITor the ftrst adjective: OHOOICBJIT MJIa.e.n. Your son is in England.en:a my/your case my/yourbag o CD myIyour child mylyour children 2 -MHT and -MH: the with masculine adjectives (a) To make a masculine adjective deftnite.n.roJIeMHJI(T) (e) If you use more than one adjective.eTe M6HTeITo6HTe .rrjM . However. (83) (Till) M6ra M6)1(8W (HM8) M6)1(BM M6)1(BTB M6raT (TOM) } (TfI) (TO) (eMB) (TB) (A3) M6ra .n. To6HTe ca MaJIICH. your. He e MoH.06pn) .M1>)J( rOJIeMBJIT'1epeH ICy~ap the tall young man the large black case -0 Normally you can use the short possessive pronoun. This is not my luggage. TB6n CBB e 0 AHrJIBJI.y. his. then it does so in the deftnite form as well (see Appendix.n. etc. neuter or plural words. (i. the bag is mine.e. as in the sentence this bag is mine. .a xapaM CICH. it will naturally be affected by the rules governing the change of II to e before B (see Unit 8): 6J1JI. you only need to add -tIT or -tl: aHfmlHCICH. by a full possessive adjective which comes before the noun and bears the defInite article. for example. .n. Yours are small. 'L)J( a young man M MJIa. his.u(T) M'L)J( the young man (b) If the adjective ends in -cKB.n06piul(T) 6iJIfapHH the kind Bulgarian '1epeH ('1epHa.n. Is this luggage yours? No.n. hers. Here are examples used with the Bulgarian for my and your: ICy~ap'LT MHITH qaHTaTa MH/TH . but with a different emphasis.eTeTo MH/m .n. you are using a noun in the deftnite form followed by a short possessive pronoun (see Unit 3). p. You can speak English.en:aTaMH/m becomes becomes becomes becomes M6J1T/TB6JITKY~ap M6J1Ta/TB6J1Ta'laHTa M6eToITo6eTo . neuter and plural. '1epHO.06pa. It is also possible to express the same meaning. it belongs to someone else) Is this your bag? (i. you must use the full possessive adjective with the defInite article. Tooa He e M6JIT 6anl)J(.aHrmliicICHtI(T) pe'lHHIC 6iJIfapcICH . it isn't mine. to . yours. I know how to ski. M6HTe ICy~apH ca rOJIeMH. 294): .06ip (. her. Like all adjectives. Is this bag yours? Yes.D.n. not yours. MHTHHqapHTe He M6raT . (TH) M6)J(elli .n. for purposes of contrast.a rOB6pHili aHr mlHCICH.6eJIBJI(T) ro. TooH JIB e T63H 6ara)J(? He. My son is in Bulgaria. Kyl(»ap1>T your suitcase BB or 6anbJrLT BM their luggage.n.ip the black umbrella (d) If there is tI in the basic form. not someone else's?) 5 "IaHTaTa e MOH The bag is mine The possessive adjective can sometimes be used without the defInite article to render the English independent possessives like mine. M6n CBB e 0 D'LJIfapHJI.3 M.n.n. Usually this happens when there is no word following the possessive word as in: TB6J1 JIB e Ta3H qmlTa? LJ:a. qepHH) 'Iepnll(T) qa. when the ownership is being emphasized.a HaMepn 6anl)J(a. feminine.

their own) John cannot find his luggage/ his baglhis cases. TBoH JIH ca Te3H KYcPapH? . This bag is John's. This is John's bag. her or their own. John's. The bag is missing.ll. you use a special form: cooi. . This is his bag. In Bulgarian. ( CBOHTe) o matter whether it is his. Here is a summary of the different ways you can express possession. But MHTHH'IapHTe TipcJlT TeXHHJI 6araJK. K'blJ.ZJ. TOBa e 'IaHT8T8 My. John and Ken's) Each subject pronoun has a different full possessive adjective. TH.a) DOMoraa is used more like the English phrase to give help to rather than just to help. not the customs officer's luggage!) The English woman is carrying her (own) luggage! bag/cases. This is his bag. The suitcases are missing.cs6e and CS6MJohn's own or someone else's? When in English you say John is carrying his ba? or th~y a~e looking for their luggage. them. e 'IaHT8T8 TOBa e HerOB8T8 'IaHT8.eTe? . it is mine. .Moe e. you have to use the short object pronoun even if you also name the person or thing. Where is the bag? It's missing.e. not her own) John and Ken are looking for their luggagelbag/cases. These are short object pronouns.AHrJIH'lllHKaTa H6cH CBOJI 6araJK/ CBOJITa'1aHTa/ CBOHTeKYcPapH. (i. The customs officers are looking for their luggage.eca KYcPapHTe? HMa rHo H Where is the luggage? It's missing. Where are the cases? They're missing. cs6J1.e. Is this child yours? Yes. Are these suitcases yours? Yes.e.a MH rroMorHeTe? Can you help me? (as if you were saying Can you give help to me?) r-JKa KOJIHHCH6cH HeHHHJI 6araJK. to avoid this ambiguity.)KOH KeH TipcJlT CBOJI H 6araJK/ CBOJlTa'1aHTa/ cBoHTe KYcPapH.a HaMepH HerOBHJI6araJK. Ta3M 'IaHT8 TOBa CD o 6 Csoi. Look at the list when you do the exercises.)KOH MOJKelJ. it is not clear whether John IS carrymg his own or somebody else's bag and whether they are looking for their own or someone else's luggage. Remember that the full possessive forms are used for stronger emphasis or contrast.ll. her. KYcPapHTe rH HHMa. But MHTHH'IapJIT He MOJKelJ. CD o TowTo!TflITe cB6S1(T) CBOM cB6S1T8 cs6S1 cs6eTo CB6e cB6MTe cB6M With miMa you don't use Toi.the gender forms agree with the word that follows: .a HaMepH He CBOJI6arliJK/ CBOJlTa'1aHTa/ CBOHTeKYcPapH.TB6e JIH e TOBa lJ.e. it.e. TO.ZJ.a. COOeTO. definite and indefinite: SUbject pronoun Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural Ta3M 'IaHT8 e H8 A>KOH. . So you need to use the indirect object pronouns as explained in Unit 7: MOJKeTe JIH lJ. (i.e e 6araJK'bT? HHMa 1'0. (i. they are mine. This bag is his.e e '1aHTaTa? HHMa H. e HeroB8. the Bulgarian non-subject equivalents for him. (You willieam more about them in Unit 11. n Here are the different forms. Mrs Collins is carrying her luggage. H8 A>KOH. The boy is not here. COOH(T) cooHTa. And here are some examples . (i. Oddly enough. The customs officer cannot find his luggage. so you get a repetition: qaHTaTa JI HHMa. his own) K'blJ.MOH ca. 1'0 and ra for the person(s) absent or the thing(s) missing.) K'blJ. I>araJK'bT HM 1'0 HHMa. Their luggage is missing. (i. But 8 nOMorHeTe MM! Give me a hand! The Bulgarian verb (lJ. H. MOM'IeTO 1'0 HHMa. Thm now to the Appendix and you will fmd a very useful list of all the possessive forms. Te but rather 1'0.a.

~OH 2 e M6)1(ern JIB .? bOT: HMaT: MOMlfe-raTa.Exercises 1 Look again at the Dialogue and then rearrange the words below to make sentences: a BH M6ra .n.rrhMa.rrYBaTe? Repeat the dialogue below substituting the word in bold with different words from the box.n.__ ~ d M6)1(eTe JIB . AHrnHiiCKHjf. M6RTa 'IaRTa e n6-ro.alf. e e CHHjf.e.n.a HaMepRT d 6ara)l(. qepHHjf.n.aHrpaeTe TeHHc? Now use the same pattern to ask to be shown the way to: the the the the the chemist's customs Sheraton Hotel stop for trolleybus No. npeBo.M6raT. HHCKHRT.Ha.n. KjclHlp nopTMoHe suitcase purse.a. . .n. M~. Make sure you change the defining words (all underlined) according to gender. Ha.n.ip .ee M cnHpKaTa Ha TPaMBaH H6Mep lfeTHpHHaHceT? Cb)l(amlBaM. nOM6rHa. o CD e Match the questions with the answers on the right: b M6)1(ern JIB .aM? e 5 M6)1(eTe JIB . A3 cimo CbM TypHCT. c.a Hrpaern Ha KapTH? Read the following short dialogue: You Passer· by a b c d 113BHHeTe.n.AMepHKa. KaKB6. lfaHTa.n. wallet umbrella folder pen pencil diary ball-point pen ~_r-. He.n. .aMHnOK~eTe Kb.. 6ani)l(a. a rOneMHjf HJIHMaITKHjf? KOH e BarnHRT KY<I>ap? BHC6KHjfT Mb)l( JIB e aHrJIH'laHHH? KOH BeCTHHK HCKaTe? d KOH lfa.Dl:m 'Ima He e M6jf.2 Central Railway Station He.a. OT C He. 6)1(eTeJIB .n. He M6ra. HY)I()J.n. Your friend You TB6RTa 'Ima JIB e TOBa? He. TOBa. o CD Answer the following questions as appropriate to your own skills and abilities: a M6)1(eTe JIB .an. MaITKaTa.n. M6jfT. MHTHHlfapHTe.a BH .adpaTe Kona? 't8A"'P nanK8 nMC8nK8 MonMB 6ene)l(HMK XMMMK8nK8 . CHHHRT.adparn CKH? ii iii iv v ~ C KOH ninern HCKaTe. MOMlfeTaTa.

1 & a3 MH6ro HCKaMAa OTHAa HRKOMAeH.0 crmpxaTa Ha rpoJIeii: H6Mep e. You may find the words in Ex. your luggage. o CD NK8 K6nMHC MMneHa NK8 K6nMHC o CD MMneHa NKa K6nMHC c d e 8 KaxB6 He M6)Ke )).aJIT Xll3Ba.aii:(policeman) M6)Ke JIH )). 3a~6TO* 61.ee XOTemT? K6JIKO XOTeJIaHMa )). HaHCTIo1Ha. Aa ce 3an03HaeM! Ka3BaM ce MHneHa MapHHoBa. Ha nO"lHBKa nH CTe B 6bnrapHS'I? Aa.Ba XOTeJIa6JIH30 )). your diary.TaM JIH e r-H ~6HC'bH? HRMa M3BHHeTe. TIoJIHu.qe e. a3 Tps16Ba Aa rOB6pS'l A06pe 61.pYrHJIT ce ce Kll3Ba «CepAHxa». hoping that her intonation alone will convey (Aa) C8AHa.0 YHHBepcHTeTa. qe He 3Hae HMeTo Ha XOTeJIa.0 YHHBepcHTeTa.H6 TpoJIeii: H6Mep neT. nO>KenaBaM BI1 CK6po Aa M6>KeTeAa OTHAeTe.) AH9C e MH6ro T6nno. useful.ZJ. aHrnH"laHH CMe. M6m!.qa BH nOM6rHa C He~o.ZJ. A3 CbM A>KoPA>KK6nHHc. BHe rOB6pHTe MH6ro A06pe 61. a b Do you understand? DOialogue Milena goes into a cafe and sees that there are two free seats at the table where Mr and Mrs Collins are having coffee. Aa. HerOBHJlT XOTeJI ce Xll3Ba «Cep)).TYPHCT'bTOrrOBapJl. HO n1.. CHryPHO CTe npeBOAa"lKa.aJITrmTa xax ce xa:lBa HerOBHJITXOTeJI. TIOJIHu. your umbrella.nrapcKH. 3anoBs1AaMTe! MecT/ha ca cB066AHH. Toii: 3Hae caMo.a HaMepH TypHCT'bT? 3Hae JIH TypHCT'bTHMeTOHa XOTeJIa? K'b)). TYPHCT'bT He M6)Ke )).a e XOTeJI'bT. H qe He 3Hae yJIHu.qa OTH. TYPHCT'bT cera Beqe 3Hae HMeTO Ha XOTeJIa. your folder and your money. BHe CHrypHO CTe aHrnH"laHI1.aJl. then tum the story into a dialogue between a tourist and a policeman.WIH nOJIHu. And don't forget that the word for money nap' is always plural! Read the story below about a tourist who has lost his way in Sofia. HO 3Hae.TYPHCT'bT orrosapJl (answers). npHs1THOMH e.nrapCKHS'lTe3HK e M6S'1Ta npexp8cHS'I.qeM B l.apH Ha nOJIHu.a My nOM6rHe. (To Mr and Mrs Collins. HanH? Aa.nrapCKH.TaM JIH e ~XTOP'bT? HRMa M3BHHere.Hxa». TYPHCT rmTa e.6 7 Disaster has struck: you have lost your wallet. 6>KenH Aa ceAHa oliOBac? M Pa36Hpa ce. H8As1BaM ce.qe HMa . (To the waitress. qe XOTemT e 6JIH30 )). TaM JIH e HeBeHa? HRMa M3BHHeTe. "le M6>KeTe.qOKaT6 CTe B C6epI1S'1? MHcnS'l.a HaMepH CB6J1 XOTeJI. TaM JIH ca HHXOJIaii: H MHJIeHa? HRMa M3BHHere. -Hew HaMCTMHa Bp8M8 to sit indeed weather . TIOJIHu. Bp9MeTO e xY6aBo 3a TYpHCTH.ZJ.13BHHeTe.aJIT H rmTa 3Hae JIH rOCnO)). Pa36HpaM. TpR6Ba . 3amOTO. 6narOAaps1.WIHHJIT Xll3Ba «C6t}lHJI».leHTpanHa n6~a. EAHH MOMKonera 3aMI1HaBa CK6po 3a AHrnI1S'1. HCKaMe Aa oTHAeM C Mb>Ka MH Ha 3naTHH ns1cb4H. E. a He 3HaeM Kb. First answer the questions to test your understanding.pBo HMaMe ManKO pa60Ta B C6q>HS'I. Making up separate sentences for each item. MMneHa NK8 K6nMHc &.aTa. . Toii: 6JIarO)). .HH'bT a XORyJIHu. tell a policeman that they are missing. T6"lHO TaKa.) EAH6 Kaepe H eAHH cn8AoneA. qe XOTeJI'bTe 6JIH30 )).. BHKT6pHS'IK6nHHc. 5. TaM JIH e ceXpeTapXaTa? HRMa *Mrs Collins omits her logic. M6ra nl1 . JIor I'll as appropriate: Ha TeJIet}l6Ha: a b c d e l'hBHHeTe.0 YHHBepcHTeTa? Kax ce Kll3Ba HerOBHJlTXOTeJI? MMn6Ha r->K8 K6nMHC MMneHa r->K8 K6nMHC r-H K6nMHc MMneHa r->Ka K6nMHC MMneHa r->K8 K6nMHC MMneHa Complete the answers in the following dialogue using ro.

aqKa.E ~ ~ v-~ :b CD 0' In this unit you will learn • how to discuss the weather • how to offer your opinion • how to talk about future events . -pJlW 38lq6TO CMrypHO CT8 npeB0A8'1K8 AOK8T6 r: ~I t I: !! 2 on holiday to answer because you must be an interpreter while True or false? 1 )).D.0 r-H H r-)f(ll 3 4 o U) 5 6 7 KOJIHHC HHMa CB06o.D. r -iKa KOJIHHC rOBopH .-+ ~m ~ ~O st-t.124 Ha nO'tMBKa oTfOBapJlM.D. r-H H r-id KOJIHHC ca Ha nOqHBKa B bbJITapml. 3aIl\OTO npeBO. e ~ CD 0-m cg .1UlH Mecni. r-H H r-iKa KOJIHHC HHMaT pa60Ta B C04>HR. MHJIeHa 3aMHHaBa CKOpO 3a AHrJIHR.~ CD S" a~ Q) Clf CD-. r-H H r-iKa KOJIHHC 3HaRT Kb. BpeMeTo e MHoro TOllJIO.06pe 6iJIrapCKH.ee QeHTPaJIHa nOIl\a.~ ffi 3: m .

We¢bT lLIe ce CbrllaCM nH C HOBHSl naH? n Ll.\e C9 CbrllacM. lt1 CMrypHOr-H . It will most probably rain. HOM6>K9MAa "IyeM nporH63aTa no pa. npeAnaraM H TH Aa AOMAew. HMILIO. HMKonaM (Nikolai rushes into the office. Ha BMTowa CMrypHO 1L19BaflM Ab>KA. )KanKo. on Saturday What is the weather going to be like? according to the forecast at the weekend it isn't going to rain Will the boss agree to the new plan? I'll speak to him. CbrllaCHa nH CH? CbrllaCHa CbM. it isn't fatal I suggest you go south. Do you agree? I agree! I'd Jove to come! (lit.no BHcoKHTe nnaHHHM1L19 Mapa3KbcaHa M 06na"lHOCT C npeBanftBaHHSl Ha MeCTa. ) HMKonaM HMKonaM H6AA HMKonaM H6AA Aa nOpb"laM TaKcM M Aa 38na3R Maca jTpe Halii-Ba>KHO e apeMeTo Aa 6i. Mr Johnson probably doesn't have walking shoes with him.B MenHHK. He e~aTanHO nP8Al1araM Aa 0n1AeTe H8 lOr.~ . The weather on Mount Vitosha isn't going to be very good. TeMnepaTjpM Me>KAY oceMHaliiceT M ABaliiceT M ABa rpilAyca )KanKO.qSl. npeAflaraM Aa oTMAeT9 Ha lOr .. 3ApaaeM! M6>K9W SUI Aa MH nOM6rH9w? TpR6aa Aa opraHH3MpaM 9KCKYP3HSl O BMTowa 3a r-H AHT6Hoa A H 3a HawHSlr6cT OTAHrIlHSl. HaASl. The weather is sure to be good there.qyca.H9 e ¢aTMHo. Aa A06pa HAeSl. HHKonaM! roaopM n6-MaHo. B cb60Ta KaKBO lLIe e BpeMeTO? cnopilA nporH038Ta B KpilR Ha CeAMMLt8Ta HRMa Aa BanM W~'bT Iq8 ce c'brnad nM C HOBMRnnaH? A3 Iqe rOBopR C Hero. HftMa np06n9MH.. IiIMaw nH aeCTHHKC nporH03a 3a apeM9TO? H9. HO KaKBO1L19 BpeMeTO B cb60Ta? e CnopeA nporH03aTa B KpaSl Ha ceAMH4aTa HflMa Aa BanM H lLIe 6bAe nO-TOnno. TeMneparypH: Me>KAYoceMHaMceT H ABaMceT H ABa rpa. BpeMeTo lLIe 6i. Ll. I'll come with pleasure. exceptionally beautiful I suggest you come too. temperatures between 18' and 22' Centigrade a Aa opraHM3MpaM eKCKYP3MR AO BMTowa n6-cnoKoMHol 3alqo 6bP38W T6nKOBa? What a pity. B MenHHK 9 H3KnlO"IMT9nHOKpacMBO. TaM BpeMeTO CMrypHO Iqe e xy6aBO. C'brnacHa nM CM? C'brnacHa c'bMI ~e AOMAa C YAoBoncTBMel to order a taxi and reserve table tomorrow The main thing is for the weather to be fine.Ae XY6aBo. HliM-aci>KHO ap9M9TOAa 6bAe xY6aao. A3 lLIe rOBOpSlC Hero. BpeMeTO Ha BMTowa HJ1Ma Aa e MHoro xy6aBO.DDialogue Nikolai and Nadya make plans for two outings and keep an eye on the weather. n6-CnOK6MHO.) YTpe apeM9To 1L196i>Ae npeAMMHo CnbH"IeaO. BpeM9To Ha BMTowa HflMa Aa 9 MH6ro xy6aBO.Q>KOHCbH e HOCHTYPHCTM"IeCKH H 06yBKH. nporHo38 38 BpeMeTo MO>KeMAa "IyeM nporHo38Ta no PilAMOTO. weather forecast We can hear the forecast on the radio. TaM BpeMeTO CMrypHO1L19 x96aBO. M3KnlO"IMTenHO KpaCMBO npeAnaraM M TM Aa AoliiAew. CMrypHO lLIe BanM A'b>KA. HO aeTpoBMTO.) Ha. 3alLl6 6bp3aw T6nKoaa? 3alLl6To TpR6aa Aa nOpb"laM TaKcM H Aa 3ana3Sl Maca a p9CTopaHTa 3a YTP9. 9 BRpHO. Ha e BMTowa MO>Ke OTMAeTeB cb60Ta. Aa. H6AA HMKonaM H6AA HMKonaM H6AA PilAMO (Some time later they are listening to the radio.Ae npeAMMHo CnbH"IeBo. windy Over the high mountains there will be broken cloud with showers in places. 3HaSl. BeTpoBMTO no BMcoKMTe nnaHMHM Iqe MMa pa3KbcaHa 06na"lHOCT C npeBam1BaHMR Ha MeCTa.qHOTO. CMrypHO r-H A>t<OHC'bHHe HOCMTYPMCTM"IecKM 06yBKM.\eAOMAaC YAOB6nCTBHe! to organize an outing to Mount Vitosha Take it easy! What's the hurry? (Later . The weather will be mainly sunny.

In the winter. just half an hour's drive from the centre of the capital city. You'll have to book in advance. At the Black Sea resorts. In the spring and autumn the weather is less reliable. of course. In fact. you can often ski into May. which majestically rises to nearly 2. It's raining. of course.ne upeMeTo? • Describing the weather What's the weather going to be? f nRelying on the weather Bulgaria has a continental climate . o ••••• o ••••• b c d e r How do you say it? • Asking what will the weather be like? KaKuo ~e 6t. H Toii TpR6Ba . •••• uo e. wonderful. .hot summers and cold winters.lJ. especially in the spring and autumn.. and snow in Bulgaria means skiing. and sometimes into May. Do remember though.ne B MeJIHHK. J . TODJlOe. In the Rila and Pirin Mountains to the south of Sofia and also on Mount Vitosha. ~' Bw .'. and it is well worth hiring a car to get out of town.Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. so.nH HRMa BeCTHHK. you may prefer the increasingly large selection of cross-country minibuses and long-distance coaches. it's best to take your passport wherever you go . tempered by the Black Sea in the east and the Aegean to the south.LVI . ille$'bT HRMa . The rail network is small and trains are slow. \ ••. It's snowing.n'bac. however. the winters are milder. .. Remember too that Bulgarian traffic police make on-the-spot fines and are particularly hot on speeding and unauthorized overtaking.. HO Ha.nMHuaTa? Koii me rOBopH C me$a? 2 True or false? a HHKOJIaii TpR6Ba . -H . you can expect a good deal of rain. It's cold. The accessibility of the mountains is.300 metres.neDOe..)J:(OHC1>H CHrYPHO HOCH TypHCTJlqeCKH 06yBKH. CJlt. .p3a HHKomHi? KaK MoraT HHKomiii H Ha. Bulgarian driving patterns are rather like the climate. even in the summer there is usually a slight breeze and the temperatures are bearable.na om. a changes of weather. CTy. ~f1i I. B1>B BecTHHKa HMa nporHo3a 3a BpeMeTo.as well as many very bad ones.na ce C1>rJIaCH . e It's sunny.lJ.ne BpeMeTo Ha BHToma yTpe? KaKBO npeMara Ha.na KyllH 6HJIern 3a aBT06yc 3a yTpe. unless you hire a car. and in the valleys leading down towards Greece. Getting out of town Everywhere in Bulgaria there are mountains. you will find the coldest weather to the north of the Balkan Mountains which stretch from the west to the east of the country. Yrpe BpeMeTo Ha BHToma me 61. In the higher mountains.)J:(OHC1>Hr-H AHTOHOB. Particularly in March and April. a mixture of continental and Mediterranean.J- g . but do go prepared for rapid Bw CDHr.. The extremes of temperatures are.no BHToma 3a r-H .na pa36epaT (find out) npom03aTa? KaKBO me 61.nH? KaKBa e nporH03aTa 3a KpaH Ha ce.. It can be sunny and warm in the valleys and snowing hard higher up.na opraHH3Hpa eKcKyp3HH .just in case! b c d e f 3amo 61. so do take an umbrella. It's cloudy. In the Thracian Plain to the south of the Balkan range. The distances in Bulgaria are not great. (Book well in advance!) There are some very good roads .. rain at these times usually means snow. and do take your passport with you. 0 ~ 66J1alfllo e.ne xy6aBo.. It's warm.n.

Grammar 1 CnbHl-leBO e It's sunny When describing the weather In Bulgarian you do not need an equivalent of the English it: CJIbHqeBO e..a. I disagree. nperoninlM B 2 BanM (Ab>KA) It's raining For descriptions of the weather involving precipitation Bulgarian uses the it form of an old verb meaning fall: Ram. e It is dark. It is late. In Melnik it is always wann. The weather is very bad today.. It is clear today. B CTaRTa e TbMHO. I suggest you go to Melnik. You merely insert"-e in front of the verbal forms for the present tense. C Note that the verb e always comes second no matter what other word is used in first position: He BilpHO. RCHO e. It is very pleasant to . BpeMeTo )]. • Agreeing or disagreeing For a man Cbr JIaceu CbM.. BaJIH CUBr. To be more specific you add the word for rain or snow: BaJIH ~b"'Jl.. Fora woman Cbr JIacua CbM. In such cases the verb e comes before the neuter adjective: B MeJIHHK BHHarH e TOnJIo. In winter it is cold. 3 4YAeCHO e. 'Ie CTe TyK! )KaJIKO e. It is early. qe ... If the linking word is to. you often omit that. He e .lleTe It's jine/bad. It's a pity (that) we have no time. You follow the same pattern for sentences describing the situation in more general terms: TbMHO e.. It is snowing.Hec. Depending on the context. It is not true that .l:eMHa ~a oTB. PaHO e. come (future tense) It is very easy to refer to future events in Bulgarian. It is sunny. therefore.6~a. He eLM CbrJIaceu. KbCHO e.• Evaluating a situation Xy6aBO e/He e xfijaBo. on time. It's not fatal. followed by a verb....eHo. As you see. in Bulgarian you use 'Ie: qy)]. Some evaluating expressions like it is wonderful or it is important are linked to further statements. you can never leave out 'Ie. IlpHiiTHo e ~a II'L-rYRam KOJIa. lbrrepeeao e/He e BBTepeeHo. you need a ~a form of the following verb: Ba)KHOe ~a DpUCTHmeM It's importantfor us to get there HaBpeMe. With (~a) )]. In English. dark. It is wonderful that . I suggest we go to Mount Vitosha.. He CLMCbrJIacua. • Expressing regret JKliJIKo! o ••• I agree. It is raining. Ba3Olo e/He e Ba3Olo. BaJIH can mean it is raining or it is snowing. If the linking word in English is that. It's pleasant to travel by car. Birroma. you use the neuter form of the corresponding adjective ' and put e after the 'weather' word. It's interesting/not interesting. 'Ie HilMaMe BpeMe. Very often weather sentences begin with a reference to where and when it is warm. It is dark in the room.Hece ilCHO. It is clear. you say: ... It's important/not important. MHoro e npHiiTHo )]. cold. I agree. ••• Q MemotK. 'fe . etc. In Bulgarian. It's wondeiful (that) you are here. I disagree. Ilpe3 3HMaTa e cTy)]. • Making a suggestion npe~minlM ~a oTil. 4 (A3) ~e AOMAaI will You can also begin with the actual word for weather: BpeMeTo e MHoro JIomo )].aTliJmo.ecHo e.

eM c cBo6oAHH. HHMa . IIJIOB.ZJ. HaB-rOJIeMHHTnbnem e TyK.ZJ.z:dmno n CJIbH'leBo. you will not.aOBopHm r no-cnoKoil:Ho.eHa TeHHc.aB C04>HH.ZJ.oil:.a bM/6b. e HHMa . 5 A3 and a3 lI. Toil: me e/6bAe Ha eKcKyP3HH He will be going on an B cb60Ta. it will be (T6) I will be you will be (H~e) 1lI6 CM6/ ilia 6i>A6M (B~6) llIe cTa/ 1lI66bA6Te 1lI6caI 1lI66bAaT they will be you will be we will be 7 HaM.ZJ.ZJ.a .ZJ.KoTo BHHO. The cheapest cucumbers are at the market. (i. He speaks very quickly. the deftnite article on the end.oil:.ZJ.Ie 6bAa I will be Adverbs are also used to make adjectives more specific as in: The weather will be predominantly sunny.ZJ. This is an easy exercise.Aa. instead of me you insert RtiMa followed by Aa: (a3) RtiMa Aa (m) RtiMa Aa (TOil:) nHMa Aa (Hlle) RtiMa Aa (BHe) RtiMa Aa (Te) RtiMa Aa lI.a a/6b. HHMa. etc. 06H<i:aM cnoKoiiHo Mope.ZJ. excursion on Saturday. etc. HaB-eBTHHHTeKpacTaBH~H ca Ha na3apa. To say [will not. Melnik is an exceptionally beautiful little town. TpH6Ba .ZJ. TOBa e JIeCHOynpaxmeHHe.oi!:AaT [won't come you won't come he won't come we won't come you won't come they won't come The taxi is very quick.a/6b. JIecHo me HaMepHM TaKcH.ZJ.Ie C'bM Aoil:.acTe/6b. C But.e pe. TOBa e RaB-CJIa. she.eTeBbB c 4>HpMaTa. Ta3H aHrJIHqaHKa e RaB-xy6aBaTa.ZJ. In English.aT B c IIJIOBAHB. A3 me CbM/6b.ZJ. You must speak more calmly. HHMa .oil:AeM . Adjectives TaKcHTo e MHoro 6bp30. and.on the front of the adjective. BpeMeTo me 6b. This is the sweetest wine.e.ZJ.ZJ. MeJIHHKe H3KJIIOIJ8nmRO KpacHBo rpaAqe. .eH.ZJ.a Me/6b.HB yTpe. etc. you place RU.ZJ.ZJ.ZJ.em . etc. to make the superlative form of the adjective). To say [ will not.ZJ. [ like a calm sea. you often add -ly to adjectives to form adverbs.ZJ.aB [will be in Plovdiv tomorrow.oi!:AeTe . usually. many adverbs look exactly like the neuter form of an adjective because they end in -0: Adverbs Toil: roBOpH MHoro 6bp30.ZJ. you simply replace me with RtiMa Aa: HHMa .(a3) (TI1) (TOH) (TfI) } I'll come 1q8 A6HAa Iq8 A6HA6W you'll come 1q8 A6HA6 he/she/it will come (H~6) Iq8 A6HA6M (B~6) 1q8 A6HA6T6 we'll come you'll come (TO) A great number of words that tell us how or in what manner something is done (adverbs) can be formed from adjectives.aH/6b.ZJ. The form with 6t. In Bulgarian.ZJ. tends to be more formal: (a3) (TI1) 1lI6 CbM/ 1lI66bAa llIacl1! ilia 6bA6W (TOH) } (TfI) llIe a/ (TO) ilia 6i>A6 he. as in English. The weather is hottest in Melnik. The biggest melon is here.ZJ.e .ZJ. This English woman is the most beautiful one. You have two verb forms to choose from to express [ will be or [ am going to be. you can sometimes use the superlative without the deftnite article: BpeMeTo e RU-TOllJIO B MeJIHHK.for biggest and best To say that something or someone is the biggest or the best or the most beautiful.em cB06o. HHMa .

(Indeed.ne nH cl. iii Tpil6Ba .ne RCHOH ropemo. TeMIIeparypaTa Ha Bl.ll:Hec e He. (It's easy.H'IeBO.rIena HuKOJuiii Mu.CHO e. using the model: • • a b (Tomorrow. ITo qepHoMOpHeTO (Black Sea Coast) me liMa cna6 (light) .neHo H BJIaX(HO (damp).ll:Hec e He. 3amOTO HilMa y.e .M CbrJIaeeH/cbrJIaCHa.na (the sea water) .ll:06pe. YTpe me 61. remember?) . _ iv B DbJIrapHH liMa MHoro TYPHCTH. Tpy. 3amoTo me BanH .ll:Hec e He. (Good.nyca.) 3a6aBHo e.z:lYXa (air): MeJK.ll:Hec e He.H'IeBo. Do you agree?) MHTepecHo e. a Ha MopcKaTa Bo.n.rIeua HuKomiii IIJ.n06HH 06)rBKH. Jlecuo easily. I'll take my jacket too.nOBHO (rainy).nyca.) c d e 3 ropemo e. _ C d e 3amOTO e Kl.) . _ MbrnHBO (foggy).noii.rIeu8 HuKOJuiii Mu. try to answer the following questions.) Kn..OKOJIO .ll:Hec e He.ll:iKOHCbH HilMa . _ V KHTaHCKHHTChinese) ( peCTOP~T e 3aTBopeH. it is very interesting) me 6l.nbiK. 2 a 4 You turn on the radio and hear the following weather forecast: • a Now complete these dialogues following the same pattern: 06JIa'IHO H Mpa'IHO (dull)._ ii HilMa .neHa eKcKyp3HH. MHoro e HHTepecHo.n06HO e. . HO BeTpoBHTO.na Ha BHTorna.. _ .) e )l{mo. HMKOll8M MMIl8H8 3ApaB9H.) Y.na Kano (I suggest we go on an outing. . (It's hot. . illrnrn! rOBOpH ! .na oTH.3. _ cTy. first read the following short dialogue: . yTpe mIMa . CbrnacHa CbM. .ne? Kana me 61.) Kl. me HaMepHM 6araiKa. _ TOnJIOH Cnl.ne CJIl. using full sentences.na r-H AHTOHOBme ee cbrnacH me HaMepHM rapaTa. comfortable.rIeu8 HuKOJuiii Mu.nern JIH .ne yrpe? IIJ.HHKOJIaH? (I won't come because I haven't got time.e liMa JIH CRneH (strong) Bilnp no qepHoMOpHeTO? KOJIKOropemo me 61. Ho Bee naK (all the same) me B3eMa RKe (jacket).mo CJIl..JIro H T6noo.na 61.Exercises 1 To practise talking about the weather.na nOpi'IaMe TaKcH.ne TeMIIeparypaTa Ha MOperO? o ••••• Imagine you are Nikolai and complete this conversation: Mu.. a b ? ? ? ? ? 5 o ••••• b c d c d 06JIa'IHO JIH me 61.) JIecHo e. .ne rrpeMararn..ne BpeMeTo? (The weather will be sunny and wann.) 6 Use 6i. M1II119Ha! 3aU46 He CH Ha eKCKYP3111S1? Till 11111 CIII.P3o quickly.rIeua HuKomiii Mu. _ YTpe B IUiJIaTa (the whole) CTpaHa me 61.H'IeBOH BeTpoBHTO? He. a b OTH. HIIIKOl1aH? (*Bulgarian mobile phone.) He cl. Now.. (It's amusing.no yMepeH (moderate) H3TO'IeH lfrom the east) BRTbp. (I don't agree. Koni me liMarn BpeMe? orn.ll:Hec e Cnl.nY ..CHOH HilMa TpaMBaH.:ti.nBaHeeTH OceM H TpHiieeT H . HaHcTHHa.H'IeBOH BeTpOBHTo. 3amOTO niITOTO (the summer) e .nBaHeeTH TpH rpa. It isn't interesting at all. (It's late.nuO with difficulty/not easily or uo-rilxo more quietly to complete these sentences: a b c d Choose a good reason for the statements below from the list on the right: i r -H .nBa rpa.nbiK. M306mo He e HHTepeCHO. Do you understand? Dialogue Milena succumbs to gentle GSM* persuasion and agrees to go to Melnik. 3am6To e MHoro paHO.neM yrpe? Agree or disagree with the following comments.nHec C Hac Ha TeHHC. (It's convenient.

[Note that although MOMH'-Iemeans girl.H8A~ Cbl.ll.LIe 6i>Ae T6nno. Aa. CnbH'-IeBO e. seem strong CMneH.CMnHa 38ToBa that is why HKe jacket B'b3MO>KHO possible cepM03Ho? are you serious? y>KaCHO terribly werYBaM. HO HMa cHneH Bs1Tbpl1 Ha BHTowa BanH.LIeB3eMeM s1KeTa. 3a~6TO BpeMeTO Ha BHTOllia 2 3 4 e JI6IIIO.XOTeJIa My. Cpe~aTa Ha HHKOJIaii C r-H ~6HC'bH e IIpe.Ll6TOe Bl1c6KO. CbrnacHa CbM.Ll0l. -A8w Bce naK True or false? 1 HHKomiii He e Ha eKcKyp3HH. Cepl163Ho? Ho TOBa e Y>KaCHO paHo! WeryBaM ce. MeJIHHK e Ha H3TOK. the word itself is neuter!] Ao6pe. He l13rne>KAa n6wo.\e 6i>Ae n6-l1HTepeCHo C ABe xY6aBl1 MOMH'-IeTa. Ml1neHa? Bb3M6>KHOnl1 e? Pa36Hpa ce.TaM BHHarl1 e n6-CTYAeHO.acniBa paHo.Ll6TO3H~. Kora 3aMl1HaBaTe? B ceAeM l1 nonoBHHa. 3aToBa HCKaMe Aa OTHAeM B MenHl1K Yrpe. Ha BHTOIIIa BHHam e II6-T6IIJIO. Ll. 3al.LIeA6I1tAe. Bs1pHO.ll.Ll6TOe Ha lOr. B MenHl1K e '-IYAeCHO.ll. Cpel. MHJIeHa e C'brmiCHa . CHrypHO l. '-Ie e Bb3M6>KHO.ll. Ho Bce naK l. LIIcKaw nl1 Aa A611tAew l1 Tl1.HMKonaM MMneH8 HMKOnaM MMneH8 HMKOnaM MMneH8 HMKOnaM MMneH8 HMKOnaM MMneH8 HMKOnaM BpeMeTO e n6wo.aOTH. '-Ie He 06H'-Iaw Aa CTaBaw paHO. Aa. -Baw ce to joke CTaB8M.LlaTa Hl1 e B AeBeT l1 nonOBHHa npeA XOTena Ha r-H A>K6HCbH. B MHJIeHa o6H'Ia . 3al. 3al.e MeJIHHK. all the same to look. -Baw to get up npeA in front of M3rne>KA8M. 5 6 In this unit you will learn • how to refer to the d8yS of the week • some time expressions • how to give the date • some more numbers .

' CneA TOBa e 3annaHyBaH 66eA C XYAO>KHMKa. Ha T03M A8H TpR6B8 AS That day I must meet the nOCp8U4H8A8n8raI.. Aa! C HMKonalil lJ.qeTe cbBeT 3a Halil-M3roAHMTe4eHH.qaMe BCH"lKO. (in ordet') to take a look at the hotels Would you like someone to accompany you? 1'1/ ire a car. 1t13BMHeTe. ~e HaeMa Komi M lJ. B CPRAS on Wednesday Ha n'bpBMJl AeH on the first day AS pa3rn8AaMe BCM'IKO to look round everything Kora Iq8 6i.laTaceAMM48" B nnOBAMB? ~" Aa.qSl. ~e OTHAeM Ha nbpBMSlAeH. 3a Aa pa3rneAaM XOTElnMTe. CbB8T 38 HaM-M3rOAHMTe 48HM advice concerning the most favourable prices There are still ten days left. IIlMaM eAHa MonM KbM Bac .Iece BbpHeTe B cb6oTa. H8. delegation arriving from Japan.lMSl neTbK.I. planned. CneA TOBa 8 38nn8HYB8H After that a lunch has been 06eA.CneAo6eA TpMB8 Aa OTrOBopMMHa epHpMaTa. M.Ie6b. r-H AHTOHOB AHec e "leTBbpT"bK. B nOHeAenHMK HCKaMAa oTHAa B 60POBe4. OmH"lHO.qxOAslIJ.qaAOCTaMHTepeCHa! r-H A*OHCbH ••••• ••••• r-H AHTOHOB r-H A*OHCbH r-H AHTOHOB Attec 8 'IeTB'bpT'bK. before lunch we CMe nOKaHeHM Ha M3nO>K6a are invited to a poster H8 nn8KaTM. We are relying on your help. AO KpltR Ha c8AMMqaTa . 60slHe. Pa36Hpa ce.l0 pa3"lHTaMe Ha Hero 3a.leAeceT AHM. KOMTOopraHM3Mpa ••• who is organizing . 6naroAapfi. o6eA CMe nOKaHeHM Ha M3nO>K6a Ha nnaKaTM. Ao6pe.Ha T03M AeH Tps16Ba Aa" nOcpelJ.pHa B C6c1MR. 0 CneABalJ.IeOTHAa caM.qH ce Ha HMKonalil.qaT nperOBopMTe? Ha BTOpMSlM TpeTMSlAeH. Tpfi6Ba Aa nOpb"laMel HslKOM 6pOWypM M MawHHM 3a epHpMaT8:{ Pa3"lHTaMe Ha BawaTa nOMOIJ. on Monday.Ie 6b. .06a. Ha ABalilceT M BTOpMMalil Tpsl6B8 •.Tps16B8 Aa HanpaBMM nnaH 3a CneABalJ. "leTMpMHalilcen1 Malil.Ie K}inMM KOMnK:>TpM. IIIMaM &AHa Mon6a KbM Bac. BbB BTOpHMK npeA". Kora lJ. 6SlCHHMy 3alJ.AaT nperoBopMTe? When will the talks be? Ha BTOpMJl M Tp8TMJl AeH on the second and third day HRKOM6powypM M M8WMHM certain brochures and machines Pa3'lMTaM8 Ha BltWaTa nOMOIq. a3 CbM TYK. Pa36Hpa ce. 'l8TMpMHaMCeTMM8M. KaKTO as BbB BTOpHMK np9AM 06eA On Tuesday. B cpslAa.lMJlT8. 'IeTB'bpTMRT A8H OT BawMJl npecTOM OCTaB8T 01q8 A6c8T AHM. ' Aa ce BbpHa B COepMSl.Ie06SlCHslHa HMKOnalil KOHnpoAyKTM ca •• Halil-no. a B HeAeml CTe nOKaHeHMy Hac Ha r6CTM.HMKonalil lJ.. ~e OTHAeMnM CneABalJ. on May 20. 3a . 3a Cb>KaneHMe. nnOBAMBCKMSlT naHaHp 3anO"lBa Ha ABalilceTM' Malil.) r-H AHTOHOB r-H A*0HCbH A. nHTalil ro cBo6oAeH nM e. ToraBa lJ. exhibition. Kora lJ. I have a favour to ask of you.qa' HMaMe BpeMe Aa pa3rne.lHa Aenera4MSlTa. OCTaBaT olJ. BTopaTa MM ceAMM4a B 6bnrapMSl M3rne>K. Be"le e "leTBbpn1SlT AeH OT BawMSl npecToliI.Iee M3K11IO"lHTenHO none3HO 3a Hac. We must make a plan for the coming week. KORTOnpMCTMr8 OT SlnOHMJl.Aa HM Aa.IM M KOH ca Halil-CbBpeMeHHMT8' MawHHM. h ••••• ••••• r-H A*OHCbH r-H A*OHCbH nnOBAMBCKMJlT naH8Mp The Plovdiv Trade Fair begins 38nO'IBa Ha ABaMceTM MaM. TOBa lJ. KeHa MMMCMHbTMMHCKaT > Aa AoliIAaT npe3 3HMaTa Ha CKMB 6bnrapMSl. TpR6B8 AS H8npltBMM nn8H 38 CneAB81q8T8 C8AMMqa. OT KofiTO lJ. to Sofia. Ka>KH My 3a nnaHOBeT8 Ha r-H A>KOHCbH. KaKTOnpeAnO"lHTaTe..Ie ce BbpHeM OT nnOBAMB? (Looking at his diary. 3a Aa nOMorHa H8 epHpMaTa BM. KoliITOopraHM3Hpa M3nO>K6aTa.DOialogue Mr Johnson firms up plans for his second week in Bulgaria. IIlcKaTe nM HslKOIiI a BM npMAPY>KH? A He. 38 AS (in ordet') to r-H A*OHCbH H8 ABaMC8T M BTOpM MaM On May 22 I must return TpR6aa P1J ce Bi.. KOslTO npMCTHra OT s:lnoHMSl.qe C Bac AO KpaSl H8" ceAMM4aTa. 6narOAapsl. B nOH&A8nHMK ••• 38 AS p83rneASM XOTenMT8 r-H A*OHCbH r-H A*OHCbH r-H AHTOHOB IIIcK8Te nM HRKOMAS BM npMAPY)lU1? ~ H8eM8 Kona.laTa ceAMM4a.

KoATOX npHcTHra OT <I>paHQHR.n:a ro npH. d r-H AHTOHOB me nocpemHe . is Bulgaria's day of national liberation and is a public holiday. and sometimes the dates of Easter in Bulgaria and in Western Europe and America do not coincide. Bulgarians then celebrate the end of the RussoTurkish War of 1877-8 and their liberation from the Ottoman Empire.ll. the p~ple. Tell him about Mr Johnson's plans. rich vestments and wonderful singing. . however. which is probably Bulgaria's most popular 'high day'. a b c d e 2 3a Koni TpA6Ba . pretty (very).pHe B CO<t>HH AHTOHOB? r-H How do you say it? • Giving the date ~ec e meCTH IOIIH. to the Eastern Orthodox branch of Christianity and occasionally there are differences of emphasis.n:eH.6oTa. fot.n:BaHceTHMaH. singing.n:p)')l(H EOpOBeQ. which are the most up-to-date machines excellent useful ask him whether he is free.~ ~ ~e 06RCHt1 H8 HMKonal1i KOM npGAjlmt ca HilJ1i.n:aTHa naHaHpa Ha ni. Explain to him why we are counting on him for next Friday. True or false? a r-H . This holiday. May 24 (ABal1iceT M 'teTBl.n:eJIHHK BbB BT6pHIIK B cPtma B 'IeTBt..n:eB EOpOBeQ? Kora ca nOKaHeHH Ha H3JIO)l(6a r-H . B • Saying on with a date Ha DeTHaHCeTH MaR • Saying on with days of the week B DOHe. 06RCHM MY 38aqOpa3'lMTaMe H8 HerO 38 Cn8ABaU4MRnmK.pnK B DenK B ct.n:eJIeraQHR.n:a oTH.)I(OHCbH r-H H AHTOHOB? 3am:o me oTH.pTM M8M) is a very old holiday. They on on on on on on on Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday • Asking for advice/a favour M6JIJI. quite place less importance on Christmas and more on Easter.. for example.n:HB ci. ." share with us most of the traditional feast days in the Chnstlan' calendar.)I(OHCbHH HHKOJIaH IIJIOB. AOCT8 1'1/ xplain to Nikolai which e products are the most suitable.pBHH .6oTa B HeAMJI o Of high days and holidays Although Bulgaria is on the south-eastern fringe of Europe and. J(aKt. March 3 (TpeTM M8pT). The Bulgarian Orthodox service on the Saturday night before Easter Sunday is a very beautiful occasion with candles.ll.n:ace Bi.n:a HanpaBHT nJIaH r-H AHTOHOBH r-H . ~ ~ Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. their cultural identity and the political experiences of their recent past rather than with religion. It has a cultural significance for all the Slav peoples and has survived numerous changes of regime. dancing and other public festivities.)I(OHCbH? 3amo r-H ~OHCbH HCKa.pBHH H BTOpHR.n:HB 3anO'IBa Ha .ll.ll. nearly five centuries. b IIaHaHpbT B IIJIOB. celebrates the achievements of Bulgarian education and culture through the ages and has traditionally seen street parades. KOM C8 Hal1i-C'bBp8MeHHMTe M8WMHM OTnM'tHO nOne3HO nMT811i o cBo6oAeH nM e. Please give me some advice.B UMaM AaHTe MB C'LBeT. c IIperoBopHTe me 6i.n:aT Ha ni. They belong. e MaHKbJI . B HeAenR CTe nOK8HeHM y H8C H8 rOCTM. It is dedicated to Saints Cyril and Methodius. The Bulgarians also have a number of special days in their calendar that are to do with nationality. the so-called 'apostles of the Slavs' whom the Bulgarians regard very much as their own. r KlVKM My 38 nnaHOBeTe H8 r-H AJKOHCDH. for example. On Sunday you are invited to our place.)I(OHCbH HCKa HHKOH . What advice would you give me? I have a favour to ask of you.noAxcw1U4M. C'LBeT lQe MB AaAeTe? eARa MOJI6a K'LM Bac.. was within the Ottoman Empire.n:eH? Kora TpA6Ba .

• Stating your purpose m.IV.l(HeCe) BTOPHlfK. the ordinal numerals also have definite forms: BTOpaTa Ce. The significance of some of them was explained in the information section: nbpBIf OCMH TpeTIf .l(MHua qeTBbpTHHT .l(BaHCeTIf qeTBbpTH BTOpH Ce. 290.) (9.) (2.TpeTH <l>eBpyapH (today is) Tuesday 3 February ••••• ••••• Grammar 1 nbpSM.• Saying rely on Pa3'1irraiTe Ba MeBe! Pu'lirraM Ba HerO.Y.) The names of the months are spelt with a small letter.) ••••• ••••• 2 nbpSM JlHyapM January 1 To give the date in Bulgarian you say ~ec e today is followed by the day and the masculine ordinal numeral (an adjective. STOpM.l(eH the second week the fourth day (You will find a full list of all the numerals in the Appendix on p.l(BaHceTH neTH HByapH cj»eBpyapH MapT anpuJI MaR .) (30X. second. Rely (count) on me.l(MH qempHHaiiceTH . We'll go early so as to have time. I am relying on him. Get in touch with! ring Nikolai (in order) to ask him when he'll be coming. third The numerals indicating order (ordinals) are used as adjectives: Masculine nbpBH first BTOpH second TpeTH third qeTBbpTH fourth Feminine nbpBa BTopa TpeTa qeTBbpTa Neuter nbpBo BTOpO -rpeTO qeTBbpTo Here are some dates together with the names of all the months. you normally use Roman numerals. 3a ~a HMaMe BpeMe. 3a ~a ro niITaw Kora ~e ~oime.VIlI.l(BaHCeTIf TpeTH twenty-first twenty-second twenty-third Like all other adjectives. TpeTM First. 06aJdr ce Ba HuKomii.1.) (26. as in the brackets. -BaRcTa and -BaRCTo.oRB . When you write the number of the month in figures.oJIH aBrycT CenTeMBpH OKTOMBpH BOOMBpH ~eKeMBPH 1January 8 February 3 March 26 April 24 May 2 June 7 July 14 August 9 September 30 October 10 November 25 December From fifth on.l(eceTH . .l(eceT CTO.l(Ho CTOH . -BaRcTH.n. -Bucno endings are pronounced 3 101 and above 101 110 123 200 CTOH e.) (7.) (14. Note the occasional shift of stress.vn. (neT) (W9CT) (ceA9M) (6ceM) (AeB9T) (AeC9T) neTIiI wecTIiI ceAMIiI 6CMIiI AeBeTIiI AeceTIiI fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth ~With loss of e efore II) eAIiIHclHc9TIiI ABaHclHceTIiI TpHHclHceTIiI "I9THpHH&1ceTlil neTHclHC9TIiI W9CTHclHC9TIiI eleventh twelfth thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenth (1.VI.eM pauo. Certain of the dates are particularly important in the Bulgarian calendar.m.e om.l(BeCTa 300 400 500 600 TpHCTa qeTHpHCTOTHH neTcToTHH rnecTcToTHH For numbers consisting of more than one word you add -H (-a. For feminine and neuter words you replace -H WIth -a or -0 as above. you obtain the masculine forms by addin~ -H to the number.-BuceTa. -0) only to the last part of the number: .IX.l(eBeTH TpHHcem .l(BaHCeTH rnecm .) (25.) (10XI. • Inviting someone home EJIa(Te) y Hac Ba r6cTu .l(BaHCeTIf BTOpH .) (8.l(BaiiceT H TpH . Note that the -BaRCeTH.l(BliHCeT nbpBH If .xn.z.) (3.) (24. remember!) in the indefinite form: (.

n:a.n:MH~H on Wednesday before/until November IO for 2 weeks Me T8 me you (Hl1e) (Bl1e) (re) HM 8M/8M rM us you (rolll) (HI) ro fI (ro) ro himlit herlit it them (looking to the future) fora week* (looking to the past) Ha OCMHMapT OTcpR. however.n:a Mrs Collins can help (give nOMome Ha MOM'lhaTa.Ha ce. t followed by the hundreds and the tens.n:a)nOMoma. *Note that with expressions like OT e. KOMHOCHqaHTaTa? BHCOKHHT b:>K HOCH.a thousand or rose xBJUI.n:eMCToTHH OceMCTOTHH . / was born in /982.n:e cbBeT He will give the boy some Ha MOM'lho. you learned what pronouns to use with verbs that require an indirect object .n:a) .zdt o6e.n:MH~a.n:Bece.z.n:a ABe xH.) KOMTbPCH 6ara:>Ka? MHTHHqapHTe ro TbpcHT. you want to use the person's name or a noun. Like other short pronoun forms. they come second: nMTaMTe rH MoraT JIH . (In Bulgarian you have to say / am born. (After prepositions.HH ope3. nouns are replaced by full form pronouns .ll. r-:>KaKOJIHHC MO:>Ke . Who is carrying the bag? The tall man is carrying it.(.n:eceTHHoeMBpH 3a .z.zdma: Po.n:eHR ope3 eceHTa ope3 HomTa ope3 npOJIeTTa Ope3 (Mece~) HHyapH CJIe~ e.ll.n:a Ask them if they canfind HaMepHT CBOH 6ara:>K.Z:(:>KOHCbH 06HCHH Michael Johnson will explain me CBOHTenJIaHOBeHa IIHKoJIaH.) 7 U4e 06RCH}1 Ha HMKonaM "11explain to Nikolai In Unit 7. B bbJIrapHH CbM OT e. you need to introduce it by the preposition Ha (which in most cases corresponds to the English to).n:a) 06HCHRand (. (.n:a~o neTbK ope.zdma. their luggage.see Unit 6.ll.ruffi MHJIHOH 4 npe3 ABe xMnRAM M '1eTBbpTa rOAMHa In 2004 For English in with the year you use the preposition ope3. If. the feminine form agreeing with ro. Try to learn the expressions as whole phrases: B cpR. help to) the boys.zdt TPH . Here are examples with some of the most common verbs that require an indirect object in Bulgarian: (.n:a)Kci:>Ka: TOMme . advice. the short object pronouns usually precede the verb.JUIAH 6 ro and R Him and her The most frequent substitute for things or persons when they are not subjects are the short object pronouns.n:eBeTCToTHH I 000 2000 I 000000 mAA. his plans to Nikolai.Ha ce.ll.lnI wo thousand).a ~eBeTCT6THH oce~eceT H BT6pa ro. The year is given in thousands (XHJIH. Here are all the short object pronouns (subject forms in brackets): Note that H comes before the final numeral (see Unit 4).n:MH~a on March 8 from Wednesday till Friday before lunch three days ago during the day in autumn at night in spring in January a week later/in a week (You'll find the short indirect object pronouns in Unit 7 and parallel lists in the Appendix. Only the last element of the number is an ordinal.Hace. e.n:aM.700 800 900 ce. MaMKbJI . they are normally unstressed.n:MH~a when they answer the question How long have you been here for? Bulgarian uses the present tense: How long have you been OT KOJlKO BpeMe CTe B in Bulgaria for? bbJIrapHH? I've been in Bulgaria for a week.n:a ~o .n: ope.the person to whom or for whom something is done. but if the verb comes first in the sentence. unless preceded by He.n:eHCbM ope3 XHJIH.) As you can see. M H Who is looking for the luggage? The customs officers are looking for it. 5 When: prepositions in time expressions (a3) (nl) Here are some of the most common prepositions used with time expressions. .

etc.n:aMcKa KOH<PeKIUIH (men:S and ladies' ready-made clothes) KHJIliMH (carpets) peCTopaHT. a Exercises 1 Read this notice found just inside the entrance to a department store: ••••• ••••• nAP'rEP ill ET Ax: ••••• ••••• (groundfloor): no.LJ.H. complete the sentences with the appropriate days of the week or time expressions: . In such sentences you are not interested in who· does the inviting but who is or has been invited.LJ. with me H ce 06a. A small number of verbs add -w or -T. -H)planned: becomes You are looking at your diary and making plans for the days ahead. Such oed forms of the verb are known as: passive participles and are used as adjectives. IV ETAx: VETAx: Mb)KKa H . 8 ~e My o6HCHil/'lI explain to him Compare the examples in the last section with their alternatives where the short indirect object pronouns replace ua + noun and move to the left of the verb: TOH me My AaAe cbBeT. Nikolai will tell her about the new plan.ll:)I(6HCbH My me 06HCuiIcB6MTe IIJIaHoBe. this highlights a contrast. of the past form by -eu: (.. 06a. MaHKbJI . T A-pattern verbs add -au.) 2 9 HMe CMe nOK8HeHM We are invited Some verbal forms can be used with the verb to be as in we are or we. r-)I(a K6JIHHC M6)1(eAa 8M IIoM6rne.yBaua 3a Ce. Compare: me ce o6a. you form.n:eTeTo 06)'BKH I ETAx (floor): II ET Ax: When ua is used with the full non-subject pronoun as an alternative to the short pronoun to the left of the verb.Hce: a b C d Ha MapK H _ nOKaHH (invite) y Hac Ha r6cTH. with me TH IIoM6ma. HMKOJIaii me H Ka)l(e 3a H6BMHIIJIaH. so 3aIIJIaHyBaM to plan 3aDJlaufBau (-a. the passive participle of most verbs by replacing the personal endings . neuter or plural endings: THe 1IOK8ueHa. Ha HeBeHa H _ nOKaHH y Hac Ha r6CTH. Ha r-H H r-)I(a AHT6HOBH H _ nOKaHH y Hac Ha r6cTH. Following the model.n:apbIUI H K03MeTHKa (cosmetics) BernO 3a . say on which floor they sell the indicated items.a) IoKaHHbecomes IIodHeu I a3 CbM IIoKaHeH I am invited 4 Still looking at the notice. In Bulgarian.aBaT: a b MapaT6HKH? (trainers.LJ.'.HMKomiH me d)l(e ua MuJIeua 3a H6BMHIIJIaH. You will find some of them among the participles listed in the Appendix. Nikolai will tell Milena about the new plan. That is why they are.LJ. He'll give him some advice. athletic shoes) nap<PIOMH?(perfumes) C d HKeTa? IIlaMnoaHH? (shampoos) 3 Try using some object pronouns by replacing the names and filling the spaces with the Bulgarian for him. -0. her.:vI ua ub (He Ha Hero!).LJ. me IIoM6ma H ua Te6e (He caMo Ha THX!). called passive sentences.aile CMeDOK8ueHH. KOH<pepeHQHHTa e 3aDJla. The conference is planned for September 7. Ha HHKOJIaHH _ nOKaHHy Hac Ha r6cTH. Mrs Collins can help them.MH ceIITeMBpH. Michael Johnson will explain his plans to him. This is the masculine form to which you can then add the feminine. have been invited. ToarreTHa Now answer KaKB6 HMa: a b C Ha IIapTepa? Ha IIipBHH eTa)l(? Ha BT6pHH eTa)l(? d e f Ha TpeTHH eTa)l(? Ha '1eTBipTHH eTa)l(? Ha neTHH eTa)l(? (Look at the list of full non-subject pronouns in Unit 6. Ha KOHeTa)l( npO. Oe 1IOK8ueu0. I'll help you too (not just them).

KpamKa e3uk. long-hand letters look back at p.noKyMeHTHTe IIeThK Ci60Ta . · pa3xogka c kopa6Yeno p. 193ns. 193ns. C d e f g How does the agency describe the trip to Belgrade? What is the means of transport? Where will the participants be staying? Reckoning on two nights away.00 Y. 193ns. "CkagaplluSl».HacmaHSlBaHe.. XonoBo.napbK Ha cHHa Ha AHT6HOBH.MUHUap • 6 Ct3(J'I'8AfBfJf . ( BBTYCT-2 BugeocucmeMa. what will the return dates be for the different departures? What trips does the price include? What language will the guide use? Does the price include entrance tickets to museums? ~ ~ Look carefully at this page from a brochure.neJIR? Now. For the rounded.[(Hec e He. ekckyp3uSl o HoBuCag c g ekckyp30BogHa6blleapcku e3uk.[(a H3rrpaTR rrOKaHH (send invitations) Ha BCJfqKH. YTpe me 6i.[(a OTroB6pR Ha rrHcM6To Ha xy. no lKellaHue · neHcuoHepu:8116..[(a Ka:>KaHa rne<}>a 3a .QYHa6 u 2 AEH . pogumellu: 18116. OmnbmyBaHe3a 5b11aapUSl.[(Hec e rroHe.lJ. CJIe.neJllfHK? BbB BT6pHHK? B cpH.nR Ha KOJIeraTa B IIJI6B.neJIR. CB060gHO BpeMe. npucmueaHe 6 Co<!>USl 6 kbcHUSl cllego6eg.llellogHeBHakckyp3uSl o HoBu 6 Cag c ekckyp30BogHa6b11eapcku Clleg06eg.) .n . . . 3 AEH .H014yBka. CaBa. KOHTO pa66TRT BbB <}>HpMaTa.. pa3xogka c kopa6Yeno p.. a b a b ]:Ii 1::1: ilC') sill :t III -t ::J -Ii l» l» C 5 .na Ha H3JI6:>K6aTa (on) .6 6e3nllamHU mOnlluHanumku). AArn HA 3AMVlHABAHE arpur-26 ~ ~ 6 ROrPA.naHopaMHa06ukoilKaHa 5ellepa. (And here . instead of using the days of the week.no · naHopaMHa 6ukollkaHa5ellepag c ekckyp30BogHa6b11eapckue3uk. May 18. 0I<7llMBp! .ne qeTBipThK.148 g.ne __ me 3ambR Maca (for) __ .lJ.[(Hec e BT6pHHK. Bpb14aHe6 5ellepag.nR? a b C d B rroHe.QyHa6 u p..[(Hec e qeTBipTbK. OTCThnKH noce14eHueHaMaHacmupaHoBo · yYeHulluu cmygeHmu:8116.CB06ogHO BpeMe.:cKH CBRT nM~eH3 No222 • mpaHcnopmc lIykc03eH MBif-31 aBm06yc***kiluMamuk.nHH me 6i. notice!) . .lUla )J...n6:>KHHKa. HacmaHeHU 6 cpegHoBekoBHamapenocm k cmaSlmaHagBaMamacu nempoBapaguH. MapwpymCo<!>USl . · BxogHU makcu u 6ullemu 3a My3eu. CJIe.OmnbmyBaHe6 6. This exercise will help you practise talking about future events: . CJIe.n{lTaTa (the date) Ha H3JI6:>K6aTa.pa32l1elKgaHe a H · gella go 12 e.[(a rrOKa:>KaHa MHJIeHa H6BHTe rrJIaKaTH.5ellapag. H014yBka.[(a rroM6ma (documents). Ha HHKOJIaH c .nHH me 6i. YEHA 193ns. e f Now answer KaKB6 me rrpaBH Ha.~Hnp~HTEH Y~KEH.qc ekckyp30BogHa . e g npUCmU2aHe 5ellepag 6 paHHuSl .ne __ me KyrrR 6HJIeT (for tomorrow).ne __ me OTlf.[(a K)TIR rro. no npegBapumellHa3aSlBka 4EHATA HE BKll104BA • BeyepSl6 60xeMckuSl kBapmail BeyepSl6 60xeMckuSl Bapmail k "CkagaplluSl». LjellogHeBHa p.nHB. noyuBKa. use dates starting from Monday.HH me 6i. me K)TIR 6HJIeT (for 3a) qeTBipThK. 0 1 AEH .11 · 2 H014yBku bC3akycku 6 C xomell***6 lleHmbpaHa5ellapag. then answer the questions below in Bulgarian.[(a ce 06a.3akycka.n rreT . to ask Nadya KaKBo me npaBHIU ua •••? .. 6EnrPAA E. (Here too!) . Pa32l1elKgaHe aCmapama H nampuapwuSlu Kamegpallama.neJllfHK. (Two different meanings of ua here. xii.3akycka. 193ns. .CaBa.na? B qeTBipTbK? g B rreTbK? B ci6oTa? B He. 4EHATA BKll104BA Read the following page from Nadya's diary for the week ahead.n TpH .::::I .3acmpaxoBka. 6b11eapcku e3uk.

n. 3a Aa nOMsraM Ha r6CTl1Te Ha xOTella. To!:1H5IMaAa M6>t<eAa nbTYBa Ha ABs!:1ceT 11 BT6pl1 101111. 3ana3eTe eAIiIH 61111eT3a Tpl1Hs!:1ceTl1 SBryCT.T~ rOB6pl1 aHmlil!:1cKl1. -Hew to leave (Aa) M3npaTR.n. A3 CbM l)'K.n.BaHaHceTH aBrycT ca IIpo. -S8W (Aa) nOKaHR.EAIiIH MOMeHT. -TMW to send H8 Ao6'bp n'bTI Have a good/safe journey! npMATHO npeKipS8Hei Have a good time! 8SMOKOMnaHMR airline cl»onKn6peH cl»ecTMsan folk festival .n. Pa361i1paceo Pa3'-1Ii1Ta!:1Te MeHe.o '1eTBi. npeAIiI Aa 3aMIiIHeM IiIMaMeAHs M0l168.n.pTH IOJIH.pHe CBOH6HJIeT.BaHceTH BTOpH IOJIH.n.\e6i>AeM B TaM AO '-IeTBbpTl1 IOHl1. KeH MO)Ke .llIe IiIcKaM CbBeT OT HeR (After speaking on the phone.a Bi.\e ce onlilTaM Aa nOM6rHa 11 Ha Hero. athletic shoes perfume shampoo True or false? 1 AKO HMa IIHCMa 2 3 4 5 6 a few words with Ken.n. lI1MaM npl1s!!TellKa B TS311aB110KOMnSHl1~. (Finishes conversation and rings off. 3a r-H H r-)Ka KOJIHHC. 511aroAaps!!Bl1 3a nOMolllTs! 511aroAap5l. Ha Ao6bp nbT Ha 11 npl151THo npeKspBaHe! (She sees Ken obviously anxious to speak to Mrs Collins. U.) Ka>t<eTeHa KeH. M611~ Aa Hl1rl1 113npSTl1Te XOTell «OAeca». KeH TpR6Ba . HeBeHa ~e HM rH H3IIpaTH BbB BapHa.with a little help from his friends.n. HeBeHa! H5IMa 3a1ll6.n. -HMW M8P8TOHKM n8Pc1»IOM w8MnoaH to try sold help to sell to invite trainers.Do you understand? Dialogue Ken changes his air ticket .a oTH. KeH IiIcKa Aa BbpHe cB6~ 61111eTHa aB110KOMnSHl1~Ta. (After having exchanged (Aa) onMT8M. HeseH8 r->Ka KonMHc Ao6p6 YTPO.r->t<sK6m1Hc! 3aMl1HSBaTe 1111 e'-le? B Aa. '-Ie M6>t<e Aa oTIiIAe B areH411~Ta B nOHeAellHl1K 11 BbpHe 61111eTa npl1s!!TellKaTa Aa Ha Ml1.) BIiI>KTe. BCH'IKH 6HJIeTH OT ..n.n.Tpl1Hs!:1ceTl1 3 SBryCT.) r->Ka KonMHc KeH HeseH8 HeBeHa.I1cKa Aa oTIiIAe B l KonplilBllI114a. KeH IiIcKa Aa Bl1 K8>KeHelllo.a.) BcliI'-IKl1 61111eTl1 OT ABs!:1ceT 11 BT6pl1 1O1111 ABaHs!:1ceTl1SBryCT ca npOASAeHl1.n.e B areHQHHTa BbB BTOpHHK. 3a Aa BIiIAl1 ¢0l1K116pHl1~ ¢eCTl1B8Jl. Ao6pe. r-H H r-)Ka KOJIHHC ~e 6i. (Aa) 38MMH8.BaHceT H BTOpH IOJIH . AK6 IiIMa nl1CMS3a Hac.a IIbTyBa Ha .o .aT BbB BapHa . KeH HCKa . U. AO lI1Ma61111eTl1a cps!!Aa. -T8W npoA8AeH n6MoU( (f) npoASB8M.eHH. M611~. on1BaMe BbB BSpHa.

Xa-xa! Ha.q~ HMa YyBCTBO3a xYMOp. caMo OTABe MIIIHYTIII.qRBaM ce. ye AHec HRMa Aa 3aKbCHee. HOToiii BHHarlll 3aKbCHRBa. OTAaBHa J1111 YaKaTe? Me He. a KaKBO HCKaw Aa Ka>Kew? He BH>K. Till BHHarlll CIII TOyeH.. 06HyaM Aa cRAaM AO xY6aBIII MOMHyeTa! In this unit you will learn • how to use negative imperatives to tell people not to do things • how to choose between two verbs describing the same situation • how to talk about being on time • how to select a table in a restaurant He 06M'f8M AS CHASM AO Bp8TaT8. 0. ETo ro. He 3Ha~. XaiiiAe. A06pe. XaiiiAe Aa ceAHeM AO npo36pe4a ToraBa.le ManKO. TaKa J1111? Ha. V13BIIIH9Te3a 3aKbcHeHllleTo.I0He HABa. KaKB6 LI. M6>t<e 6111.q MallKo. HRMaJ1111 ceAHew? Aa ll. Toiii HRMaAa A6iiiAe 3a yYe6H1II4111Te.qe OTHBaw? OTHBaM Aa ce 06~ Ha HIIIKOJ1aiii o TeJ1eepOHaIII Aa n ro nonHTaM 3aLI. Let's wait for him. XaMAe AS ceAHeM AO np036pe48 Toraaa.) KaKTo Ka3Ba Ha. MMlleHa HliAA MMlleHa HliAA MMlleHa H~ MMIleH8 H~ MMIleH8 H~ MMIleH8 H8Asl. H6c~ My ABa aHrllHiiicKIII yYe6HIIIKa. As ro nO'faK8Me.le ceAHa. pa36Hpa ce. HMKollaM TpH6Ba AS A6MAe CIl8.. ella! TyK HMa cB066AHa Maca.'fB8M 6aqe. HeAeiii Aa OTHBaw! noyaKaiii 0Ll. TOMBMHarM 38KbcHHBa Come on.Aa ro nOyaKaMe. Nikolai should be coming soon. MOMHyeTa.IenOpbyaMe? He nOpbYBaiii 6L1.. (Significantly. HIIIKOJ1aiiiTpR6Ba Aa A6iiiAe CJ1eA MaJ1Ko.3a Aa Te BHAIII. he's always late .1e. HABa.Bce eAH6.qaW ye Te xapecBa? J1111. He 06HYaM Aa yaKaM.DDialogue Nadya and Milena are looking for a table in a cafe.. CHrypHa CbM.IeAoiiiAe. He 06HYaM Aa cRAaM AO BpaTaTa. He nopi.IO npoTHB.q~. HMKollaM H~ HMKollaM Kb. Don't order yet. ye LI. HRMaM HHLI. let's sit by the window then. 3ApaBeiiiTe.

I don't like waiting.Ha (.lJ.IJ.a '1aKaTe! Xaii.D..lUleM! • Asking someone to wait nO'laKaii/ DO'laKaHTeMaJIKo! • Excusing yourself for being late 1I3BHHeTe3a 3aKbCUeHHeTo.aM (. MHJIeHa HRMa HH~O IIpOTHB..a.IJ.lJ.IJ.lJ.aCR.IJ. 'Ie HHKOJIaH~e .IJ.IJ.OH. HoW do you say it? • Saying Don't (do something) He OTItBaii!He omaiiTe! He.OH. K'bAe OTMB8W? On1BaM A8 ce o6W Ha HMKonaM.IJ.eii .lJ. What do you mean? Don't go.. but which are translated in a similar way in English.Re cHrypHa.a).a)3aKbcueR (.lJ. Here.Ha.IJ. Wait a bit longer. J:.aqaKa.IJ.aCe.lJ. 38 A8 Te BMAM KaKBO MCKaw A8 Kil>Kew? He BM>KA8WnM.a Kaxeem? • Saying Maybe Moxee 6u me . today he won't be late I have two English textbooks for him. 1i13BMHeTe 38K'bCHeHMeTO. you are always punctual . ! Come on! Come on.IJ.IJ.HHa HHKOJIaH? M:Ma JIMMHJIeHa Mo6HJIeH TeJIe<poH(GSM)? Kb. Don't wait.a. let's sit down! o :I: CD :I :: Sc 1 Verb twinning If you look carefully at the dialogue you will notice that it contains a number of verbs which differ slightly in Bulgarian.eiiTe .IJ.e.a '1aKam! } He. 1I3BHHHBaiiTe 3aKbCUeHHeTo.e06Hqa .lJ.IJ. He won't be coming for the textbooks.lJ.lJ.a)rrpO.a.a)BH.a:e! Xaii.a. is a list of these 'twinned' verbs in alphabetical order with the significant differences highlighted: Questions 1 Try to answer the questions.a. Ha.aHe 1I0ptqBa o~e? 3a~o clIope.a)Ka:>Ka (.a:aM 3aKbcHRBaM H. to ask him why he isn't coming Don'tgo. 155 i2 -.IJ. ~.a)ce. 38 OTASBH8 nM Me "IaK8Te? KaKTo Ka3B8 HW.lJ.aM xapecBaM qaKaM B (. Where are you going? I'm going to phone Nikolai.e HHKOJIaH? 3a~o MHJIeHa HCKa.a. A8 ro nonMT8M 38aqo He MAB8 HeAeM A8 OTMBaw.oH.'Ie HHKOJIaHBHHam e TOqeH.IJ. Ha. HHKOJIaHxapeeBa MHJIeHa..a)xapecaM (.IJ.a (.a HKOJIaH? H HHKOJIaHTpR6Ba .lJ. with a couple added.IJ.rVI? 3a~o MHJIeHa K<l3BaHa Ha. TM BMH8rM CMTO"leH ••• Xa-xal "IyBCTBO 38 XyMOp Hs1ManM A8 c8AHew? U4e C8AH8.oii.lJ. "Ie Te xapecBa? MO>Ke6M Bce eAHO.lJ.lJ.a.lJ. let's .IJ.BaM Ka3BaM IIOMaraM IIOpt'IBaM npo. Ha-ha! sense of humour Won't you sit down? I will sit down.a.R~e .a)IIOMOrna (. • Saying Come on! and Come on.R.a)DOqaKaM to see to be late to come to say to help to order to sell to sit to like to wait 2 True or false? a b c d e . Sorry I'm late.OH. Forgive mefor being late. CMrypH8 C'bM. a b C d e f KaKBO He o6Hqa Ha.a:a.a)lIoptqaM (. He 06M"I8M A8 "IaK8M.lJ.ace 06a.e . I'm sure he'll come.AHec HilMa A8 38K'bCHee HOCft My ABa aHrnMMCKM y"Ie6HMKa. (in ordel) to see you What do you mean? Can't you see he likes you? maybe All the same. 3a • Asking someone to be more explicit KaKBo HCKam. I am sorry for the delay. "Ie aqe AOMAe.e IIOJIOBHH CJIe. Have you been waiting long forme? As Nadya says. TOM HilMa A8 AOMAe 38 y"l86HM4MTe.a..R (.RK<l3Ba.liBaM CR. A BHxc.lJ..a. = 'a fi'.lJ. nO"laKaM oaqe ManKO. 'lac.

H. napKHpaM and D'LTyoaMhave the same form for both imperfective and perfective. OTlfBaM . or as momentary and complete (column B). I'll always get up early.3a .a~6ime cne~ MWO. Nikolai is always late. In the Dialogue.ace 06a. OTHBaM . you came across ETo ro. an action can be seen from two different points of view. 3anO'lUa and cnlua (to get up) (c) Perfective verbs frequently have extra letters (a prefix) added on the front as in uanpaBH. May I sit next to you? Formally. Tpj60a (~a). as in pa36i1paM . M63(e (~a): I1:cKaM~a nopi. ~aM and (~a) ~6ima. MO)l(e JIM~a ce~a . They are identical twins! Occasionally. as in KoraTo ~6ime (when he comes) and aK6 ~6ime (if he comes). TpH6Ba ~a oT~a B 6aHKaTa. you can think of most Bulgarian verbs as having a 'twin' with which it forms an 'aspectual pair' .which to use when Which of a pair with the present tense? In the present tense you always use an imperfective verb because the action is still going on: Kb. nomhaM and nO'IaKaM (d) There may be some other internal alternation of letters. (b) me IfliKaM. I am going off to phone. I'll wait until 11 o'clock. when you are not concerned with one specific occasion or not concentrating on getting something done. (b) after words such as KoraTo (when) and aK6 (if) indicating that an action will only take place if certain conditions are fulfilled. I have to go to the bank.a) BHM (to see). me DH ~oueca MemOTO.n. He is coming (in order) to see you. Mr Johnson loves good wine.Cn:a)3aTB6pH (to close). ~oa and HHKonaB TpH6Ba . often a change of vowel or consonant. . The only exception is when you envisage a completed action that is not really taking place yet . You normally cannot use perfective verbs to describe actions in the present tense. or (b) to something that is going to go on for some time. Sometimes.n.o 11 '1aca.arnJIMTa6eJIKaTa? Where are you going? What is he saying? Can you see the notice? In all these examples you are concerned with one specific occasion and concentrating on getting something done. have to or can do something using verbs like HCKaM(~a).n.n. when there is a sense of purpose or a need to 'get something done' . We refer to verbs in column A as imperfective and those in column B as perfective verbs.In Bulgarian.n. I'll take a seat by the window. vocabulary we have. In fact.it is still potential. Here again there is an emphasis on the completion of an action: TOB H.n.n. HHKonaB BHHam 3aKbcHHBa.n. two very different verbs form an imperfective/perfective pair.n.a) OTlf~a (to go) and BH~aM . 2 Imperfective and perfective .Cn:a)pa36epa. the verbs in a pair may differ in one of four main ways: (a) Imperfective verbs (A) often have the suffix -oa-. Here you are referring either (a) to something you are going to do regularly in the future. as in ce.e oTHBarn? KaKBo K<l3BaTOB? BH)I(. I'll do what you tell me. however.nua. Which of a pair with the future tense? You will usually need to use the perfective twin when talking about future events: me ~~a . or aspects: either as incomplete and still going on (column A ). YTpe U9Ma ~a 38K1>Cuell. Tomorrow I won't be late. as in 3aKbcHHoaM.Ba. You also use an imperfective verb when making generalizations: r-H . (c) after 3a ~a (in order to) or just ~a on its own. for example.n. and when you come across a new verb you should try and learn it together with its twin. where appropriate.l:VKOHCbH 06H'Ia xy6aBo BHHO.n. In the English-Bulgarian given both verbs. 3aTmipHM .n. Some verbs such as o6j~BaM. oprauH3HpaM.(. I'll bring you the menu. me uanpaBII KaKTOMH K<l3BaTe.o np030pe~a. you use the imperfective twin: (a) BHHarH me CTaBaMpaHo.lfaM canaTa.(.o Bac? I want to order a salad. This happens: (a) when you say that you want to. Kll30aM and nOpl.a Te B~.'1BaM (b) Perfective verbs (B) often have the suffix -ua-. remember.

among other things . that when you want to say you like doing something.ll.ll. while 06•••• M is used for more a general statements.ll.ll.0IIp030pen.oJIe. As you can see from these examples.D.e.a (or KoniTo or aK6) in the present tense.ll.) ••••• ~ 6 06M"IaM and xapecBaM To love and to like Both 06•••• M and xapocBaM may be translated as I like: a 06 •••• M KJIaCH'IeCKa a My3HKa. in the singular or plural as the occasion demands. you use the imperfective twin in negative instructions. though. I likellove ice-cream.a! 3aTBopu BpanlTa! HanpaBu Ka<lle! Sit by the window.D.ll. You will also have noticed that in Bulgarian. Thus you can say 06•••• M .a: He.new! etc.0npo36pe~a I don't like sitting by a the window. XapecBaM Ta3H My3HKa. You should note. a You will also [md that Bulgarians use the imperfective U3BHHoaiiTe MH6ro! in preference to the perfective U3BHHhe! for Excuse me! when they want to be especially polite or insistent. thereby emphasizing the urgency of the situation.ll.a) are all perfective verbs.. you can tell someone not to do something by using Be. you will see that almost all the verbs were used in their perfective forms: B3eMhe cHI. I likellove this music.D. . In fact. The verb must be in the imperfective. I likellove classical music.Hhe .you learnt how to give instructions.ll.aor He. you have to use 06 •••• M )). Close the door.ll.o IIp030pen. You will [md the following notice on doors.eHTe.a3aKbcHHBaTe! Don't stop here.3 With Aa and without The verbs that have been listed with (.a3aKbcHHBaIII! He.. Make some coffee.liiiTeMH!.as in 06•••• M (or more likely a a Be 06•••• M) )). Contrariwise.ll. a 06 •••• M Te! a I love that girl.eH.anOMaraM I like to a help and He 06•••• M .ll.ll.eH. Don't close the door.ll. But when you use 06•••• M with people it always a means I love: 06 •••• M TOBa MOMH'Ie. all ice-cream) I likellove this ice-cream. that . xapecBaM is normally used with individual. alas! Do remember.ll. no matter whether it is on a specific occasion or as a general rule: He cB. imperative forms are usually followed by an exclamation mark.a! He 3aTBapHiTe BpaniTa! He npaBu Ka<lle! Don't sit by the window. In both cases you are making generalizations. however. ••••• ~ 4 Do and don't If you look back at Unit 7 where . a XapecBaM T03H cJIa. They were listed in this way so as to indicate that perfective verbs cannot be used without a 'prop' such as.ll. I love you! Almost the only time you use the imperfective twin in positive instructions is when you issue a general prohibition valid not just on one particular occasion. remember.acIIHpaTe TyK! He.e.ll. when you want to stop someone from doing something. (i.ll. it can also be used with imperfectives. specified things. 06 •••• M cJIa.ll.naM. for example: 3aTBapHiTe BpaTaTa! Close the door. Don't make any coffee.ll.npeTerJIhe MH T63H nl. nothing more exciting.a.eHTe . .oJIe.eHTe. always) When xapecBaM is used with people it simply means I like. you almost always use the perfective twin in positive instructions.eH .acIIHpaIII TyK! He. 5 HeAeM{Te) Aa Don'tt Instead of using He with the special command (imperative) forms of the verb.a is not used exclusively with perfective verbs. Don't be late.naiiTe.ll. however. You can see that this is followed by the normal present tense endings of the you form of the verb.aCB. (i. In generalizations when there is no concentration on the need to complete an action or achieve a result.ll. when you are telling someone to do something specific on a particular occasion: Ce. (Don't forget that there is a list of imperatives in the Appendix and that positive command forms are explained in Unit 7.ll. because it is a negative command.a '1aKaM.ll.

He.OCTaBu caMo qa.epo6a (cloakroom)..ll.a) OCTaBH (a-pattern and perfective).. B TeaT1>pa HHKoJlaii AKo uCKaIII.na qa.nipa BKiII\H..na H oCTaBHIII. MaJleua HHKOJlaii 3aII\o? BH:>K Ta6eJIKaTa (notice): He oCTaBHihe MaJleua neHHocTH Ha rap.na H OCTaBH.ll.ll. First work out which is which and note how they are used..ll.. oCTaBu qaHTaTa Ha rap.. Hue BUHarH (CTaBaM/cT~a) paHo.eii . S.&. .ll.8 J8 . Try to memorize these time words which usually go with imperfective verbs: always often Here are some common Bulgarian notices with their English equivalents: 06MKHOHHO PAAKO usually rarely HE n~nAiJI! onACHO 3A>K~BOTA DO NOTTOUCH! DANGER OF DEATH! NO ENTRY HE E BXO.ll. HilMa .n1>QH! Don't go in.H (waM/ . throw litter.neii .ll.KO(nopi'lBaM/nopi'laM) BUHO 3a o6i1. HilMa .oii.nipa. Now see if you can match the notices with these negative imperatives which have been translated literally: •••• I\) i He BnH3aiiTe! ii He ill He iv He v He Don't nunail! Don't napdpaii! Don't nyilieTe! Don't XBipJIHiiTe oma.na) Ha pa60Ta B OceM H nOJIOBHHa.. .ll. .160 Exercises 1 In the short dialogue below you will find the 'twin' verbs for to leave: oCTaBHM (a-/H-pattern and imperfective) and (.8!) 8 b C d (noMaraM/noMoma) Ha CBOHTa )KeHa. touch. Nevena is describing what she sees using imperfective verbs. Try to complete her story choosing the correct form of the perfective verb after HCKaM.q Now look for them in the following sentences which you should complete choosing the imperfective verb and the right personal ending. Now complete the following sentences with the appropriate verb for to leave: a b C 2 Ta3H T6KKa (heavy) qaHTa BKiII\H (at home)! CurypHo II\e BanH. r-H KOJIHHC 'I6cro c d nA3ETE "'~CTOTA! 4 HE nYWETE B nernOTO! Here Nevena is talking to another receptionist and enviously watching a very smart American lady enter the restaurant. . smoke.8 x~e .ll. park. MaiiK1>JI. He..ll.8 and me.na BpaTaTa oTBopeHa. ii <>::1 1" = i ::I CnY>KE6EH IIYllIEHETO 3AJiPAHEHO nAPK~Hr '0 III III o 0'..lVKOHC1>H pil.. 06HKHoBeHo Hli)l. .nepo6a! (Valuables left at your own risk) HHKoJlaii B TaKiB cJIY'qaii (in that case). (For once the perfective verbs have been given without .

Ll. OnaCHo e. He napKlilpaHTe TYK.rp9WKaTa e M6Sl. MHJIeHa ru:e T03H HOBnpliHTep. LIIMaYYAsceH 1i13rneAKbM nnaHHHaTa. Do you understand? Dialogue Michael Johnson has a hard time on his own in out-of-season Borovets.nrapcKHTe cneU:HaJIHTeTH.rrY3aTa (blouse) H. ID. turning all the verbs into the present. You will need to replace each perfective verb with its imperfective twin. HHKOJIaH MHJIeHa. HOHe BIiI>KAaM napKHHr Ha6Kono. napKHHrbT e 3aA XOT9na. TaKa nH? KbA9 M6>Ke Aa napKlilpaM? TbpcSl pecTopaHT..\e HanpaBSl KaKTo MH Ka3BaTe.a Ha MacaTa ~o np030peu:a. ye XOT91lbTe B peM6HT 101 nOHflKora na. MHJIeHa ~e )J. H HHe ru:e (choose) Heru:o. following Nadya's thoughts when she fails to make a meeting with Milena. He Blil npenOpbYBaM T63H ronflM pecTopaHT. Ll. A3 H361i1paM MH6ro MBHO. ceAH9Te AO npo36pe4a. ToraBa IiIABaM BeAHara. MaHK'bJI . HeA9HTe Aa 6bp3aTe.l].OpH (even) neT MHHym! ID.nrapcKo BHHO. KaKB63HaYH "BHHMaHHe! na.aHMeHIOTo. Cera TH pa3rJIe)l(~a (look at) MeHIOTo H H36Hpa Hem:o 3a H~eHe. . Mb)l('hT nopi.8M or xapeeBaM? Choose one of the verbs to complete the sentences. recount what you see. A TH KbAe oTHBa? IIoqaKaH MmO.oime. HO He CflAaHTe Ha Ta3H Maca.a) xapeeaM) Te 6i. MCKaM ~a (see) C Koro* HMa cpem:a xaH~e ~a (go in).. BIiI>KAaM Sl.6e3 MeHe! Now imagine you are observing Milena and. Grammar section 5.)I(OHCbH 6i. OTHA9Te B MMKHSl pecTopaHT AO nlilepTa. Cera Ule BH AOHeca MeHK>TO. Ll. cHJ:J.e B~ cB060Ma Maca H ~e ce.\e BH nOM6rHa Aa H36epsTe.\e BIiiAHTe Ta6ElnKaTa.rote. He ~a qaKaM. 0. B KOHpeCTopaHT oTIiIBaTe? He 3HaSl. CepBHTbopKaTa ~e )J.qaT T9>KKHnpeAM9TH. (Again you need ()J.e H36epe (choose) Heru:o 3a 3aKycKa H BeMara ~e Dopt. (Use the perfective: ()J. MCKaM ~a (you order) H 3a MeHe e~H ~)I(HH.a rOBopH c qY)l(~eHu:H.lfa.HOHe fl pa36li1paM. 3a ~a (look at) 6. ETo. in the small restaurant by the ski lift.OHeCe KacPe H CaH)J. M6nSl. qe He ci. (Later.qHe BbPXY KOllaTa BH. M6nSl.a Me DOlfaKa )J.qBa ~Ba ~)I(HHa. 3anOBflAaHTe. qe e~Hli aMepHKaHKa BJllba B pecTopaHTa. . beginning with ETO.) lf13BHHflBaHTeMH6ro.l]. 00:1 i~ ~ 1" ::I: "C CD :I o ".a) xapllcaM) HHKOJIaHHe T03H yqe6HHK. MacaTa B brbna e 3ana3eHa. ~e CTaHe (get up) H ~e ori)J. M6>Ke H9U10Aa na. Ll.qaUlH npeAM9TH»? TOBa 3HaYH.M TaM H ~e BJlhe B CJIa~dpHHu:aTa. nomt48M r-H A>KOHC'bH nOIlM48M M6ml. 3an6LfBaM Aa xapscBaM 66poBe4· .e B UYM . 6naroAapfl MH6ro.) 5 Read the passage below. BHe cHrypHo ru:e T03H rpa~.\eA6HAa 3a nopbLfKaTa BH cneA KaT6 H36epSTe. r -H KOJIHHC ~a Hrpae rOJIcP(golf). XaH~e H HHe ~a (sit) B pecTopaHTa. ~e B~. 6naroAapfl 3a cbBsTa.e DJlaTH. Ka>K9Te MH KOH pecTopaHT e HaHAo6bp. Cb>KaJ1flBaM.c III III S' ~ N (*See Unit 13. aK6 o6li1LfaTe. AHec H3rnS>KAa npaeSl BcliILfKOHe KaKTOTpMBa. BH)I(.HeBeHa BH)I(~aM.BHqcaMo 3a HeH. ye HflMa Aa LfaKaTe AbJ1rO. ID. r-)I(a KOJIHHC KacPe 6e3 3axap. Ha~H TaJH H3JIO)l(6a. A3 CbM YY>KAeH94. BIiI>KTe Ta6ElIlKaTa. H~Ba e~HH Mb)l( IIpH HeR. a b C d e f g h j k HeBeHa )J. 3aUl6TO He pa361i1paMBcIiIYKO. r-H A>KOHC'bH nOIlM48M r-H A>KOHC'bH nOIlM48M ~ N r-H A>KOHC'bH 6 06a. lbiMa )J. ru:e (I'll go) nO-6JIH30. rocnoAIiIHe. Mr Johnson is about to take a seat at a corner table. Cera HflMa MH6ro TYplilCTH 101 MlilcnSl.

-pew a60HaMeHT snM38M. attention! falling objects sometimes to fall heavy to fall really? is that so? carpark nearby behind ski/chairlift comer reserved mistake view mountain(s) to bring order to choose to choose subscription to enter entrance life forbidden. not allowed litter. -A8w Te)l(bK.a He 6i.)J(OHC'bH)].)J(OHC'bH ce.p3a? 3am:o cePBHThOP'bT m:e rrOMome Ha r-H )J.0 Ta6eJIKaTa? He K'b)].lJ.a KaK r-H )J. -cew nOpb"lKa M36MpaM. -6Ha <As) CT8Ha. Te)l(Ka <As) nSAHa.'lBa MaJIKHH pecTopaHT? 3am:o He MO)J(er-H )J.e e mipKHHr'bT? 3am:o rroJIHn:aJIT rrperropi. for staff only to get up to throw cleanliness 1 2 3 4 5 6 3am:o r-H )J. -b4t'! nywa. -38W SXOA )I(MSOT 386paHeHO OTnSAbK.a H36epe Hem:o 3a R)].HeHa MaCaTa B i.q nnaHMHil <As) AOHecil.eHe? In this unit you will learn • how to ask the way • how to give and understand directions • how to talk about events in the past .on8CHO sHMM8HMei n8AaI1lM nP8AMeTM nOHHKora n8AaM.)J(OHC'bH d3Ba Ha cepBHThopa )].)J(OHC'bH TpR6Ba )]. -WMW nyweHB PHAKO CnYlKe6eH. -Hew TaKa nM? napKMHr HaOKono 38A nMcIlT br'bn 38na3eH rpewKa M3rne. -Hew XSbpnJlM. rubbish to smoke smoking rarely official.r'bJIa? )]. -nJlw "lMCTOT8 Questions dangerous danger!. -paw <As) M36epil.a rrapKHpa )].

. nbTYBaHeTo 69we npHs'tTHO. Hs'tMawe Kor6 Aa nonHTaMe.l8Aa C 4'bpKBaTa. receptionist how we can get to drive straight ahead you'll get to a square church You (will) turn left traffic lights to the right You (will) cross entrance on the right if you lose the way. Y11H4aTa Mwe B peM6HT 101 HMawe OTKl1oH9HHe.l! NKa K6nMHc nonM48M (Mr and Mrs Collins do lose their way and it is rather late when they eventually arrive at the hotel. nonHTaxMe eAMH n0I1H4aH. 3anoBs'tAaHTe. 0.l6TO HftMaxMe KapTa Ha rPaAa.Ie AO Bx6Aa Ha eAHH napK. npHs'tTHa nOYHBKa! neKa H0ll. Mr Collins stops the car so Mrs Collins can ask a policeman the way. Aa. HftMa 3a1l. np06119MHTe 3an6YHaxa. 511arOAapft MH6ro. peCTOpaHTbT e Ha napTepa Bl1ftBO. KoraTO npMcTMrHaxMe BbB BapHa. A06pe AOWI1HIHe BM OyaKBaxMe T611KoBa t<bcHO. M611Sl? A>KoPA>K101HKT6pHSlK611HHC.AK6 3arY6HTe n'bTSlnonHTaHTe naK. .DDialogue Mr and Mrs Collins have just arrived in Varna.le npeCeY9Te eAHH 6y11eBapA 101 cTHrHeTe ll. PeCTOpaHTbT 61l. KapaxMe HanpaBo.Ha H9ro HMa 4'bpKBa.. KbAe M6>KeM Aa oCTaBHM6arIDi<a? CTaSlTa BH e Ha YeTB'bpTHSl eTa>K. KOpHA6pbT BAftCHO. He nMTaxTe 11101 n'bTSl? 3a Aa.Cpell. B Aa. KbM ceAeM Yaca.1ee oTB6peH.1eCB9T1l0. XOT911"OAeca» e BAftCHO.Ie Ha cBeTo¢apa 3aBHHTe HaAftCHo. YMHpaMe 3a yaw a YaH. AAMMHMCTpaTopK8 r-)I(a KonMHc AAMMHMCTpaTopK8 r-)I(a KonMHc AAMMHMcTpaTopK8 KaK HaMepHXTe n'bTSl? EAMH wo¢b6p Ha TaKCH HH nOM6rHa Aa HaMepHM n'bTSl.le 3aBHeTe Hal1ftBO 101 KapaTe AO n'bpBHSlcBeTo¢ap. 3all. ll. IIIMaxTe 11101 np0611eMH no n'bTSl? He. 511aroAaps't MH6ro. HO He cTMrHaxMe AO nl10ll. 1I13BHH9re. IIIMaMe 3ana3eHa CT8Sl B T63H XOT911. Ha C119ABall.l6. CHrypHO CTe yMOp9HH 101 rnaAHH.laTa Y11H4a3aBHxMe HanftBO 101 3arY6HxMe n'bTSl. Did you have any problems on the way? the journey was pleasant The problems started when we arrived in Varna. ilAMMHMCTpaTopKa K8K A8 CntrHeM (Ao) dpaMTe HanpaBo aqe cn1rHeTe AO eAMH nnoaqiA 4'bpKBa ~ 38BMeTe Han~Bo cBeTo~ap HWCHO U4e npece'l8Te BXOA BAHCHO aKo 38rY6MTe n'bTJI••• IIIMaxTe nM npo6n8MM no n'bTJI? nbTYB8HeTO 6llwe npM~THO np06n8MMTe 38n6'1Hax8. ll.l8A. 59we 61l. KapaHTe HanpaBo 101 cTHrHeTe AO eAHH ll. IIIMeTo. A66bp B9yep. KoraTo npHcTHrHaxMe BbB BapHa. TOBa e M6pcKaTa rpaAHHa.lY M6pcKaTa rpaAHHa. HMa cTaSl 3a Bac. Kora npHcTHrHaxTe? npHcTHrHaxMe npeAH 6K0110ABa Yaca.Ie n1101l.l6 He nonHTaxTe naK? B TOBa Bp9Me 3an6YHa Aa BanH 101 ftMaWe H x6pa no YI1H4HTe.) AAMMHMCTpaTopK8 r-JKa K6nMHc AAMMHMcTpaTopK8 AAMMHMCTpaTopK8 r-JKa K6nMHc AAMMHMCTpaTopK8 r-JKa K6nMHc AAMMHMCTpaTopK8 r-JKa K6nMHc A66bp BeYep. ll. M6>KeTe 11101 HH KIDi<eTe KaK Aa Aa Cn1rHeM AO XOT911"OAeca»? XOTel1 "OA9ca» e 6m13o AO 49HTbpa. 3all.

o Saying On the left/on the right TphaTa BpaTa BmlBO. CTHmaXMe Bapua 3a OKOJlO meeT'Iaca. o Saying I am tired and Good night YMOpeU eLM/YMopeua eLM.m1:BO w:e CTHrHaT H ~o e. B'Lpuhe ceo Turn to the left. ? o Giving directions KapaiiTe uanpaBo. Questions 1 Imagine o Giving approximate times IIpHcrHmaXMe npeAH OKOJlO nOJlOBHu'lac. The foyer is on the right! on the left of the lift. <I»oaiiho e BABCUO/ BJlDO OT acaucLopa. How do you say it? o Asking the way KaK Aa CTHma AO nipaTa? B Kml nocoKa e nO"-aTa? Mo*eTe JIB Aa MH nOKIDKeTe niTS 38••• ? How do I get to the station? In which direction is the post office? Can you show me the way to. BnRBO neK8 HOIl4' we didn't have about two hours ago at about 7 o'clock it was still light Didn't you ask the way? we asked a policeman we drove straight ahead we didn't get to the square with the church the road was under repair there was a diversion we tumed left we lost the way it started raining there weren't any people out in the streets How did you find the way? A taxi driver helped us.HRM8XM8 npeAM 6KOnO AB8 'taC8 K'bM ceA8M 't8Ca 68W8 61148CBeTnO H8 nMTaxT8 mt 38 n"bTtl? nOnMT8xM8 8AMH nOnM48M Kap8XM8 HanpaBO H8 CTMrHaxM8 AO nnOIl48Aa C q"bpKB8Ta ynMq8T8 68W8 B peM6HT 38BMXM8 HanRBO 38rj6MXM8 38n6'tH8 HRM8W8 x6pa n"bTtl A8 B8nM MM8W8 OTKnOHeHM8 no ynMqMT8 KaK H8MepMXT8 n"bTtl? EAMH wo~b6p Ha TaKCM HM nOM6rH8. IIo"-aTa e ua OKOJlO neT MHHjTH. Good night! b C . We are dying for a cup of tea. KbM K6JIKO'1aca npHCTlIrHaXTe? KaK 6ewe n'bTyBaHeTo BH? 3aw:6 HMaXTenp06JIeMH? Korel 3an6'1Haxa np06JIeMHTe BH? TiMHo JIB 6ewe. YMMpaM8 38 'taW8 't8M.rrBBO. KOpll)).lB'LpBhe uanpaBO.. The post office is about five minutes away. PeCTOpaHT'bTe B Kop~6pa B~i1CHO. You must be tired and hungry. We reached Varna in about six hours. on the left Good night! d e Erolli IlI04>b6p Ha TaKCHHMnOM6rua ~a HaMepJITniDI. 1IHK0Jlaa "-e AoiiAe K'LM eAHHaiiCeT'Iaca. JIeKa UO"-! I am tired.LUIanipKBa. a~ M6pcKaTa rpa. The corridor on the right.zuma. 3anolfHa Aa BaJIH K'LMTpH 'Iaca. YMOpeHH CMe..OpLT BABCUO. you are Mrs Collins: see if you can answer the questions she and her husband are asked on arrival at the hotel. Konho npHCTlIrHaXTe? 3aw:6 He CTlIrHaXTe ~o DJIow:a~a C nipKBaTa? r 2 a a b C d e True or false? r-H H f-:lKa K6JIHHC w:e 3aBHJITHa. 3aBHBTe UaJIDO. Nikolai will come towards eleven o'clock. We arrived about half an hour ago. 3 r-H H f-:lKa K6JIHHCnpHCTHrHaXa B'bBBapHa K'bMIIIeeT H nOJIOBHHa. The third door on the left. 3aBHBTe uaABcuo. Go back. CMrypHO CT8 yMOp8HM M rn8AHM. XOTeJI «O~eca» e B. Turn to the right. It started to rain towards three o'clock. We are tired.

You can recognize this group by the presence of -ua in the dictionary form. They arrived late in Varna. In the following sentences.IJ. To make things easier we will move from the regular to the less regular forms.rvICHO. KOJIaTa 1aBa Ha. ro uaMepax. ():{a) uaMepR. . but they are added to a variety of vowels and this makes forming the past tense in Bulgarian a little tricky.CHO.IJ. HrpaR to play you simply replace the -R of the fIrst person [ form by the appropriate past endings. ():{a) HanpaBR as well as npan. Ha.IJ.IJ.peax r-H AHTOHOB. KaKBo 3aIjoaxTe? What did you lose? (c) For the past tense forms of e-pattern verbs in -0 and -aR like ():{a) 1aBo to turn.before the past endings: ():{a) 1aIjoR to lose. -. You will..O K'bCHO. H llpHcTHrHaxMe BbB BapHa KbM Ce. [ reached the hotel. [ bought a new computer program.IJ.IJ.n:e~aTa Hrpaxa . for example. (TOH) } (TR) I4MawelHRMawe (TO) he } (Te) she had! it didn't have . he asks or he is asking. You form the past tense of some e-pattern verbs in the same way: ():{a) cTilma. (. -XMe. I asked you asked he/shelit asked (HHe) (BHe) (Te) nHTaxMe nHTaXTe nHTaxa we asked you asked they asked (TR) (TO) 2 l1Max I had and HHMax I didn't have When describing past situations. The resulting forms look just like the ones in (a) and (b) above: Ta3H CYTPHHDHXM.. -. ():{a) 1800'llla. This morning [ drank some milk. CTHrHaxTe JIH . learning in this and the following units which vowels go WIth which groups of verbs. The car turned to the right.a? .:.IJ. which take you from the [form to the they form these endings (-x.:. etc. The children played until late. paOOTR.aMto look at you replace the -M of the [form with the special past endings.a }"IH aHrJIHHCKH. • to drink. ():{a) KyUR. (b) Verbs adding past endings to -HMost n-pattern verbs (Conjugation 2) have the vowel -H. KapaM to drive.ll>KOH KeH. B'Iepa HHKOJIaii 3an6'111a .e nJIOmMbT? e TSI nOMOrHa Ha .eM 'lad. -xa) and the preceding vowel hav~ been highlighted.HO He [looked for Mr Antonov but didn't find him..ripeR.) } nIo1Tax nHTa nHTa Ti. be able to take things g~aduall~. the verbs DaM and mlMaM have slightly different forms: (a3) (TIo1) I4MaxlHRMax I4MawelHRM8We I had! didn't have you had! didn't have (Hl4e) (Bl4e) I4MaxMelHRMaxMe I4MaxTe/HRMaxTe we had! didn't have you had! didn't have they had! didn't have You will notice that there is no difference between the past Toil ukr8 and the present Toil nilTa. lloMoruaXMe Ha MOM'IeTaTa.rVI uanpaBH Ka<l>e BCH'IKH. (. We arrived in Varna about 7 o'clock. Yesterday Nikolai began to study English.a)pa3rJIe. (aa) (TIo1) (TO'. llpHcnImaxa KbcHOBbB BapHa.O nJIOma. You therefore have to rely on the context to tell you whether it means he asked. CTHruax . ():{8) npncTilm8. (a) Verbs that add past endings to -aWith all a-pattern verbs (Conjugation 3) like ukraM.IJ. Didyou ask where the square is? She helped John and Ken.. TH mha JIH Kb. You will see that in the you (familiar) and he/she/it forms there is no special ending added to the vowel. We helped the boys. however. So nHTa-M becomes: (aa) (TIo1) (TO'.IJ.O XOTeJIa.) } KYnMX KYnM KYnM I bought you bought he/shellt bought (HHe) (SHe) (Te) KYnMxMe t<YnMXT8 KYnMXa we bought you bought they bought . Nadya made coffee for 3a everyone.rrRKO.n:e~aTa HrpaX8 ):{OKi.) (TR) (TO) The endings are the same for all three verb patterns.•. Kynnx HOBa nporpaMa 3a KOMm()Tbpa.Grammar 1 Past tense Verbs describing past events also have special endings. -XTe. ():{a) oOMoma. Did you get to the square? The children played until late.

lJ. You'll come to a square.lJ.HH eaning some or certain: m E. «CBeTH IIliBeJI)).lJ.lJ. ••••• W (TOI1)} (TJI) ~ (TO) Exercises 1 Match the following questions and answers: i Ha K6JIKOMHH}'TH e rapaTa? ii HaIIpaBo JIB e KiMIIHHr «Ol13HC))? iii K'bM K6JIKO'Iaca .to -'I.lJ. The verb(s) after .lJ.eceTMHHYrH. TipcJl ceKpeTapKaTa Ha <pHpMaTa.lJ. There are other ways of describing past actions and you will learn about them in later units. H the way.qMH/eAH8IeAHo alternative for a or An a certain Very often e)J.IIitIIapKHHrHca II6-MllJIKH.llo (see Unit 2) doesn't mean one in a counting sense. Whom did you ask? Whomdid you help? There was nobody (vhxn) Ke OI:UJ 85k. rapaTa e Ha 6KOJIO .HH nOJIB~aii HH nOM6fHa A policeman helped us find . He.lI. Instead it can be an equivalent of the English a or a certain as in: 2 To what questions might the following important bits are highlighted! ft b 3an6'1Ha .rdm IIlO<pb6pHa TaKcH A taxi driver helped us. Some/certain car parks are smaller and others are larger. r EJIliTe K'bMce. be answers? The 6 E.lJ. I had a chance to .6ii)J.in all the other persons: (a3) (TI1) ~e npaceK6 ~ npe<:e't8w npe<:e't8 I will cross (HIile) U\Elnpe<:e't8M we will cross you will cross (BIile) ~e npecEl'l8Te }'OO wiNcross (Te) ~ npacem theywilcross helshellt will cross W The verb endings for the past are used when you want to describe an action that was fully completed in the past.a .(a3) 6Jlx (TI1) 6ewe I was you were (TOI1)} (TJI) 68we (TO) (Hlile) 6HXMe (Blile) 6HXTe (Te) 6Hxa we were you were they were me CTllfHeTe . a .lJ. 3ary6HxMe IIl. 3a OTKJIOHeHHeTo 3aBHHTeHa)J.3amOTO 6eme ThMHO.lJ.ft llJ18.TJI.OHHMax B'b3M6)I(HOCT In London.lJ. .ft 8)J.lJ. 4 When and how to use the past forms ••••• 7 <Aa) npeceK8 ynM48Ta (To cross the street): K changes to It Verbs with a -K.ft.aCHoHa rpeTaTa YJIB~a. He.immediately before the ending of the I and the they forms change the -K. When describing past actions using two and more verbs linked by .eM 'Iaca.a3aBHeTe HWBO.aBaJIHKl>M6 '1ftca.ee OTKJIOHeHHeTo 3a MarHCTp3..lJ. E.lJ.lJ. HH IIOM6rHa. You will also find the plural form e.panaTa 8 see St Paul's. but they tend to be used more with the perfective.ft aMepBMniml.zJimllJIoma.JIaTa (motorway)? ft b 5 KOM or Kor6 Who or whom Koro whom is a form of Koi who and you should use it in the nonsubject position: Subject position Kol1 nlilTa? Who asked? Kolii nOM61'Ha? Who helped? ! c d e NorMUlJect posIIIon but but Kor6 nlilTaxTe? Ha K6ro nOM6rHaxTe? HHMawe K0r6 A8.lJ.nlilT8Me.lJ.ftemain in the present tense: r 3an6'1Ha .lla/e. You can use them either with the perfective or with the imperfective twin. you should remember that only the fIrst (main) verb needs the past endings. B JI6H)J.lJ.eM? iv Kor6 ripcHTe? vB Tl13HIIoc6Ka JIB e ~ipKBaTa «CBeTa (Saint) C6<pH1!»)? vi K'b. CBeTa C6<pHJIe B 06paTHaTa (opposite) noc6Ka. E.lJ. 3a rlMmmr <<0a3HC) rpa6Ba .JIKaTe.!J.0e.iu/e. 8 It started to rain.pyrHca II6-roJIeMH.

3aBuHTe Ha.!J. Model: a ••••• (.lJ.Ho? A3 Beqe ___ )l.n.qaM JIB TaKcu? A3 Beqe "-e H3npaTHIUJIB UMeHJIB qeJIMccPop. 3a MeHe 6ewe CTpSWHO I1HTepeCHO. H8Afi MaMKbn A>K6HC'bH 6 H8Afi MaMK'bn A>K6HC'bH . 6s:1x B HSH-I1HTepeCHI1Te CTSpl1 KbIJ. pa3rJleAax PMMCKaTa CTeHS.n.n.lJ. V1Mawe 1111 H6ro x6pa? M 0.) 4 A friendly policeman tells you how to get to the museum by car: BbpHeTe ce 110 ci.n. MY3eHT He e .a nirraM JIB Kb. Now tell your friend how you got there.n.n. Ha naHaMpa 6ewe nbl1HO C x6pa OT Look at the map opposite and tell a stranger how to get from the museum to the chemist's..lo.RcHo H KapaHTe HalIpaBo.ee MamcTpliJIaTa? Hue Beqe ___ )l..n.aHaMepHM II1. CTSpl1s:l eSTbp T 114bpKBaTa "CBeTM KOHCTaHTMH11El1eHa». This exercise will help you use some key verbs in the past tense. Aa.aBH 06HauI K'b.baHKaTa e BJUIBO KaTe.ao6waMe 3ae.n.HO MOWleHH IIoM6rHa . b C d e f g h MCKaTe JIB .a oanpaBH JIB Ka4>e? HeBeHa Beqe ___ Kora me 3anO'IHe KOHQepTbT? TOHBeqe ___ )l. E. 5 (in the Key!). You successfully follow his instructions.a nOp1.n. You too need to get to the chemist's. Ha TpeTaTa YJIllQa3aBHXMeHa. Xy6aBo 1111 ewe BpeMeTO? 6 Aa.HBeqe ___ Kora me 3aMHoaT r-H H r-)J(a K6JIBHc? TeBeqe ___ )l.p8JJaTa OT (the cathedral)..n.aJIeqe OT IIJIOIQa. Having checked the instructions you gave in Ex. You will need to put the verbs into the past and change them to the I form.IQara YJIBQa.a KYDH 6HJIeTH 3a «TpaBHaTa»? JIB Ha.a.RCHo. 5 Do you understand? Dialogue H8Afi MaMKbn A>K6HC'bH AOB611eH1111 Te OT npecT6s:1 B nI16BAI1B? C MH6ro CbM AOB6I1eH.HH 6yJIeBap.eKHBee NIT6HOB? ) r-H TOH Beqe MH 06HcuH. HfiMax npeACTSBa OT 6bl1rapcKaTa I1CT6pl1s:l.n.HH M'b* Kb.lJ.n:.IIapKUpaHTe Ha IIapKHHra H rrHTaHTeIIaK (again).!J. V1MaxTe 1111 BpeMe Aa pa3rJleAaTe CTSpl1s:l rpaA? Aa.n.n.e crnrneTe e. IIHTaxMe e.a.ee MarHCTpaJIaTa.lI1. He 6ewe MH6ro ropelJ. say how you and your companion drove there.? HHKOJIaHBeqe ___ ••••• (.lIl. Complete the answers following the model.) MCKaTeJIB . KaT6 CTin-HeTe IIJIoIQa.n. BpeMeTO 6ewe MH6ro npl1flTHo.

6SlX Ha6nH3o.qoB6neH. KOHTOK9nlllx.qa. ETo TyK. HanpaBIIIXTe nlll CHHMKIII cTaplllSl rpa. KoraTo npHCTlIrHa rPYna aHr JIH'IaHH? Kl>.qBaM ce.n.n.y HIIIKonaH e! stay terribly interesting idea history the Roman Wall even opportunity.HB? KaKB6 pa3rJIe.n.. B~CHO K OT nnolJ.qeTe e 6U\e n6-..• IIITe.n.qoB6neH. e xOTenbT.qa.n.eTeB IlJI6B. HanpaBlllx CHHMKIII.) All>Ke HMax Bb3M6>KHOCT. KoraTO Te nplllcTHrHaxa.n.n. KoraTo Bill Ka>Ka..Ie Bill nOKll>Ka KapTIII•. chance group nearby reception photo camera house Lamartine (French poet) lost with OT KaKB6 HilMaXTenpe..l8.qHa rpyna aHrnlll •. A TOBa e KbU\aTa Ha naMapTHH. 3ar96111xep6ToanapaTa CIII! Ll.qa CB6Sl npeBo. Ha e.? 3am6 6erne npHilTHo BpeMeTo? KaKBa B1>3M6)1(HOCT HMaxTe. npe.n.qa.qa 61>. V1 U\e 61>.H8AJi M8MKbn A*OHCbH H8AJi M8MKbn A*OHCbH 4ftna EBp6na.cniBa..axTe B cnipHH rpa. nOM6rHax 111M HaMepSlT . a 3aU\6? npo6neMIII nlll HMaxa? He. a He CHHMKH? npecTOM CTp8WHO MHTepecHO nP8ACT8Ba MCTOpMJI PMMCKaTa CTeH8 ADe B'b3MO>KHOCT(f) rpyna Ha6nM30 pe~'nLP'JI CHMMKa cj)6Toanap8T Kio1q8 naMapTMH 38rj6eH y Questions To practise narration in the fIrst person.• e ep6ToanapaTbT Bill He e 3ar96eH . •. BnftBO e PHMcKaTa cTeHa.• HIII.q? B Aa.n. Pa.a OTlf. •. (Tongue in cheek. HHU\Oceplll63Ho.• CTe . a TOH6ewe BbB epoaHeTo BnftBO OT acaHcb6pa.n. imagine you have shared Michael Johnson's experience in Plovdiv and answer instead of him: .e TipcHxa aHrJIH'IaHHTe cB6H npeBo. 3a Cb>KaneHllle.qa npeBo. Te ro Tbpclllxa BbB epoaHeTo BnftBO OT pe4en4lllSlTa.H dpTH'IKH.H.a'l? 3am6 me nOKa)l(eTe Ha Ha.

Llte K9n5'l 6yKaT pOSIil. MaMKlon A>K6HCloH HIilKonaiii. sallloTo e npasHIilK. MO>Kew Aa Mill K8>KeW "4eCTHT pO>KAaH AeH!" CaWKO. opens the door helped by Sashko. (At the florist's. holy).~e MHoro xopa KYnyBaT 4BeTfI AHec. Aa. . May 24. HO Ha pO>KAaH AeH ce nony~aBaT nOAapb4H. HMKonaM MaMKlon A>K6HCloH HMKonaM MaMKlon A>K6HCloH HMKonaM (At the Antonovs' Mrs Antonov their 7-year-old son. AeHflT Ha 6bnrapcKaTa KYnrYpa. KoraTo HCKawAa nosApaBHw HflKoro. Nikolai meets Michael Johnson to take him to Mr Antonov's house. Taslil POSIilMill xapacBaT. oraTo ce XOAIil Ha rocTIil B K 6bnraplll5'l? 0611lKHOBaHoe HOC5'lTBeTfI IIlnH 60H6oHIil. KaKbB nOAapbK ce HOCIil Ha AOMaKHH5'lTa. KaKBH KpacHBIil4BeTfI! A sa MaHe HMa nlll Halllo? CaWKO! MO>Ke6H HMa Halllo H sa T96e. Michael Johnson gives Sashko bar of chocolate and a set of coloured pencils. HanH? 4ecTHT npasHIIlK! nOSApaBflBaM Te no cny~aiii npasHIilKa KHpHn H MeToAHiii!* In this unit you will learn • how to congratulate people on special occasions • how to name items and places in the home *In current Bulgarian the saint names 'KHpHn H MeToAHiii' are always preceded by 'CBeTH' (saint. (After some conferring with Nikolai.) 3naTK8 AHT6HOB8 CaWKo 3naTKa AHT6HOB8 MaMKlon A>K6HCloH 3nilTK8 AHT6HOS8 CawKo A06pa AownH! 3anoBflAaiiiTe. HO nbpBo Tpfl6Ba Aa MH K8>KeW KaKBo ce KasBa. HOAHec He a TB05'lTpO>KAaH AeH! Aa. KaKbB npasHIIlK? AHec ce npasHyBa KHpliln III MeToAlIliii*.DDialogue It is Sunday.) a MilMKlon A>K6HCloH Till CH y~eHHK. the traditional day of Saints Cyril and Methodius. c 4 EnaTe Aa K9nlllM 4BeTfI sa r->Ka AHToHoBa.) BH>KAaM.

apu CalliKo Ha MaHK'bJI )l.. What kind of present does one take to the lady of the house when one goes visiting? Usually one takes flowers or chocolates. '-Ie Mill AOHece WOK0118A.OHeCe BUHOTO DOHH AHTOHOB? 2 True or false? a b c d e f HUKOH (nobody) He Kyn5'Ba QBeTH JJ. cnanHfl BHMMaBaM A8 He fl c~ynMW! HapeAeH nOKaHM rocTMTe B xona. CaWKO. AOKaT6 e T6n11a MHIIl48Ta. 6oRHe.) 50HH AHTOHOB MaMK'b11A>!<OHC'bH 3naTKa AHToHoBa . TOM Hap8AM BMnM'-'MTe. knives and serviettes. '-Ie llIe Bill xapeca.oMaKuHRTa. I like the pencils. 3aW. KonlTo ce xOJJ.Hec? 3aw. 6yK8T KBKBOce K83Ba KOrirro McKaW A8 n03APaBMW HHKoro "IecTMT PO>KA8HA8H! Ha PO>KA8HAeH ce nonY"aBaT nOASP'b. 6alll8 Till llIe ro AOHece. HO)l(OBeTe M cancl'eTKMTe. I've brought the vase.)KOHC'bH KynyBa 6yKeT P03H.o MaHK'bJI )l.ew.)KOHC'bH? Kora ce nonyqaBaT nOJJ.HBa. Ha CalliKO My xapeCBaT MOnHBHTe. "IecTMT npa3HMK! nQ3AP8BRBaM Te no cny.TOH o61ii'-laAa nOMara. 3JIaTKa AHToHoBa w. TOM 06M~a A8 nOMara. AOHecox Ba38Ta. MonMBMTe MM Xap8cBaT. VlAIii III AOHeclii Ba3aTa OT cnanH~Ta.HHa rocTH B D'bJITapHR? KaKBo ce npa:myBa JJ. festival.aM ••• Questions 1 Try to answer a the questions. M611~Te AOHeclii BIiiHoTo OT KYxH~Ta. .ap'bQH? OTK'bJJ. nOKaHIiir6cTIIlTe B x611a.-. Go and bring the vase.eHJJ.50HH AHTOHOB HMKonaM 611arOAapR MH6ro.-. MaHK'bJI )l. KYxHfl As 38no~BaMe! Ha3ApaBe! AOKaTo e Tonna 6aHMqRTa (Boyan Antonov returns with the wine and pours it out. . Congratulations! I congratulate you on the occasion ot. that you brought me a bar of chocolate. qe 6aHHQaTa w. BHIIlMaBaH Aa He ~ c'-Iynlllw! 3118TKe.• Te3M P03M MM Xap8cBaT. b c d e f KaKBo ce HOCH Ha JJ.OTO p03HTe My xapeCBaT.e JJ. kitchen Let's begin! Cheers!/Your good health! while the banitsa cheese pasty is still warm you will like it KaKbB nOASp'bKCe HOCM Ha AOMaKMHflTa KoraTo ce XOAM Ha rocnt? 06MKHoBeHo ce HOcflT '-'BeTH MnM 60H60HM. CaJ1(peTKIIlTe.eH"? 3a KaKBO 6JIaroJJ.. VI M011IiiBIIlTeMill xapeCBaT.. I like these roses.)KOHC'bHHe MO)Ke JJ. bunch what one says when you want to congratulate someone Happy birthday! On one's birthday one gets presents. HAM M AOHecM Ba38Ta.anOMara. a lot of people are buying flowers a special day.. MHoro xopa KYnyBaT . He likes to help. 3JIaTKa AHToHoBa ce HaJJ. VI a3 Te n03ApaBRBaM. He arranged the forks.aKll)Ke Ha CalliKO "qecTuT pO)K)J.M. MH6ro rOB6pIllW. CalliKO He o6uqa JJ.e nOKaHH rOCTHTe B KYxHRTa.Qa3an6'-1BaMe! Ha3APaBe! 4ecTliiT npa3HIIlK! 4ecTliiT npa3HIIlK! Ha3ApaBe! 3anoBRAaHTe. MaMo.Qa. AOHecox Ba3aTa.e HM xapeca.BeTH np83HMK Attec ce npa3HyBa A8HMHa •.Hec. M6>Ke 11111 a A AOHeca III BIiiHoTo 3a r6cTIIlTe? He. HaARBaM ce. K611KOKpacliiBo e HapeAeHa MacaTa! CawKo 11111HapeAIii? ~ . holiday Today we are celebrating the day of. bedroom Watch you don't break it! arranged Ask our guests into the living-room. TOH HapeAIii BIii11 411lTe HO>K6BeTe III III .

.eH The tarator soup is served cold.eH! Becena/qecTIlTa K6ne)). When you want to congratulate someone.eH )). IIo eJIYlfaR TpeTn MapT. you can put ce in front of the it form making the verb reflexive: KaKBo ce upaBn Ha KOJIe. there is more of an emphasis here on what is done and not so much on the person who does it.) I wish you good health! • Wishing someone Good health (on drinking!) Hu)). And remember too. this form with ce is. Also used on other festive occasions such as New Year. TYK He ce rrapKHpa.noMaKHHHTa.lq)aBHBaMTe/Bn c ycnexa! IIo3)).•. Watch out! Mind you don't fall.H to the lady of the house when Ha rocTH? one goes visiting? KaK ce KlbBa "Happy birthday" How does one say 'Happy Ha 61. On the occasion of the March 3 holiday .eHHH )).) The ce may also be used with the they form of certain verbs. and also from the little homily E3HK'bT ce yqH. (Look back too to the True or false? section in Unit 8 and you will find the sentence: TapaT6p'LT ce CepBHpa cry)).zUma! • Offering good wishes on specific occasions ~*) *This abbreviation is mainly found on New Year cards. say 'Congratulations!'. Usually people take flowers or chocolates (flowers or chocolates are taken).na B D'bJInipml? KaKBo ce Ka3Ba Ha KOJIe. On one S birthday one receives presents (presentsare received). As you can see from the alternative translation given above in brackets.paBe! • Giving a warning BHHMaBaii(Te)! BHHMaBaR)). JKeJIaH Tn/Bn MH6ro 3)).p8Be! Many happy returns! (lit. with ce have no subject: . Grammar 1 KaKBO ce npaBM? What do people do? There are two ways to generalize.a He na)l.paBHBaM Tel Bn c pmK)).H.nrapcKH? birthday' (is 'Happy birthday' said) in Bulgarian? someone on an achievement IIo3. Most of these constructions impersonal constructions. Note that although there is no separate word for one in Bulgarian.neHce nOJIYlfaBaT rro.paBneHHH! IIo3)). Cheers! (This is another way of expressing the passive which you came across in Unit 11 and about which you can discover more in the Appendix.BeTR HnH 60H66HH.. the Bulgarian equivalent.How do you say it? • Offering general congratulations qecTlrro!/qecTIrr • Congratulating upa3BHK! on any festive occasion Congratulations! Congratulations on your success! Congratulations! Many happy returns of the day! Happy birthday! MerrylHappy Christmas! Happy New Year! Or. You can either use the you singular form as in English.na rr03. No smoking. but leaving out Tn: KoniTo HCKaIIl. KoniTo ce rOBopH Language is learned when it is spoken.naBaT 6HJIeTH.npaBHIIl HRKoro. Ha po~eH .) You will find this generalizing form used widely in public notices and instructions: TYK He ce rryIIlH! TYK ce rrpo.a! qecnlTa H6Ba ro.na? What do people do (is done) for Christmas in Bulgaria? What do people say (is said) at Christmas? KaKBO ce H6cB Ha What does one take (is taken) . with most verbs. in fact.Hew! • Saying on the occasion of . 06HKHoBeHo ce HOCKY :U. for many more years. Tickets sold here.nap'b:u.. that KaKB6is a singular word and is followed by a singular verb. No parking.KonlTo ce x6)l. again when you want to emphasize what is done and not the person who does it. Ka~ «qecTHTo!)).eH! qecnlT po*)).

)I(OHC'bH (Michael Johnson liked the roses). To say the same things in the past.or disliking something. Michael Johnson does not see the notice. (~a) sima adds the past ending to -9-: I saw you saw he/shelit saw BIIIAflXMe BIIIAfiXTe BIIIAfiXa we saw you saw they saw 3 Present and past forms of to buy. *RSea to live): >KIIIBl1X >KIIIBR >KIIIBR Either MaiiK'bJI .[(. A lot of people boughtflowers today.a to come. he/she/ it lived A small group of a-pattern verbs also belong here.MHoro xopa KYnYsaT ll:BenI . Milena is taking two textbooks to Nikolai.[(a) sima: MHJIeHa ~oBece .lJ. Milena took two textbooks to Nikolai. instead of saying you like something. you need to choose the perfective equivalents of the verbs (~a) KYna.[(Hec. to bring/carry and to see When you want to say that something is happening at the moment or happens often. So. C or T before their present endings have -0. used you lived they lived to live In fact. Although not with [mal stress. banitsa.z:vIBaMce. MaiiK'bJI .or someone .has on you. MHoro xopa KyDHxa ll:BenI: . Boca and SDmaM used in the present: MHJIeHa B6cJI . liaHHll:aTa HM xapeca. qe 6aHHll:aTa IJ. (~a) ~oBeca and (. 2 Another way of saying I like In Unit 12 you learnt the verbs o6•••• M and xapecsaM/(~a) a xapeeaM. You will notice that when you use a person's name or a noun (instead of a pronoun) you have to use Ba. but rather on the effect something .:lKOHC'bH S~H He Ta6eJIKaTa. Michael Johnson did not see the notice. You can therefore say: Either A3 xapecsaM (I like these roses). Te3H P03H or Te3H P03H MH xapecBaT Ha 4 Some more about past endings (a) Verbs adding past endings to -HThese are e-pattern verbs in -ea (Db to sing. Unit 7) as in: Ha.zl. in effect.:lKOHC'bH s~a He Ta6eJIKaTa. So. MaiiK'bJI .:lKOHC'bH xapeca p03HTe or P03HTe xa¢caxa MaiiK'bJI )l. The guests liked the banitsa. (. A lot of people are buying flowers today. 3. (b) Past tense of (~a) ~6i.[(Hec. in the following examples. except in the 2nd and 3rd singular: (a3) (n1) AOOAOX AOOA8 (H~) (ToM)} (Ts:l) AOOA8 (TO) (B~) (Te) .in front of all their past endings.[(Ba yqe6HHKa Ha HHKOJIaii. the more usual form is the second one with the indirect object pronouns (cf. liaHHll:aTa xapeca Ha rOcTHTe.[(a) ~oBeca to bring Verbs of the e-pattern with .lJ. focusing not so much on your liking . saying it 'appeals' to you.lJ. They liked the banitsa. especially ones with stress on the final syllable like S'bpSH to walk and CTOHto stay/stand. You can use xapecsaM and (~a) xapeeaM in a slightly different way.[(Ba yqe6HHKa Ha HHKOJIaii. you need to use the imperfective verb. you can see the imperfective verbs KyuysaM. K. you are. (He liked the I lived/used you lived to live >KIIIBRXMe >KIIIBRXTe >KIIIBl1Xa we lived. Either Toii xapeca p03HTe or P03HTe My xapeeaxa roses).l:e I hope you will like the BH xapeea.

young people) He ce npo.[(H Mope.[(a oT~a Ha pa60Ta. when addressing someone using their name or title.rr)'qllx nOKaHa 3a cBaT6a. are special. (Now!) I am going to church. QnIBaM Ha Mope.[()f(OHCbH no. QnIBaM Ha uipKBa. QurapB B aJIKox6J1 Ha MaJIOJIeTHII (juveniles. Te nOJIYqllxa nodHa 3a napTII (party).[(aBaT. some special achievement (use ycnex success) a festive occasion (use npa3HHK) Only oTHBaMhas a perfective counterpart: TpH6Ba Be. Every summer I go to the seaside.[(H uipKBa. (Now!) Exercises 1 Using the model: ll03. (Now!) I am going to the seaside. a few.rrYqll nOKaHa 3a 1I3JIo)f(6a. 7 3naTK8 and 3naTKe: 8 special address form for names You may just remember from way back in Unit 2. Ha BCHKaHe.[(eHIIH .[(Ke! 5 XOAJI and OntBaM Togo Usually you use the same verb to say that something is happening at the moment or happens often.l~a) oTtma to go and (~a) npeceKa to cross. You can only use x6~JI when you go somewhere often. while oTHBaMcan only be used when you are going somewhere from here. llo. It has the non-subject form HHKoro.[(Hara . Ha BCHKomITO XO. following the model: llo.Note the different stress in the past. a b c Ba. Every Sunday I go to church. M{tHKbJI . Ha Every day I go to work.[(e OTlIBarn? Where are you going? is QnIBaM Ha pa60Ta.[(eH. Pe3epBaUlili ce npaBHT BceKB ~eH OT 9 ~o 11 '1aca.[(eJUI XO. but certain names ending in -Ka change to -Ke: (3JIaTKa) 3JIaTKe! (pa. Ask questions about the words in bold using the question words Kb~e. I am going to work. Don't forget to use definite nouns! Read the sentences below and then alter them. you often need to use special . Other similar verbs you already know are: (. as in: rocno.[(eHXO. And the answer to: Kb.nHHe! rocnO)f(o! rocnox(lIue! Some names of people have similar special forms. a b c d e MIIJIeHa nOJIYqIl nOKaHa 3a onepa. Note the different use of 3a and Ha. llOJIYqIlXTe JIll nodHa 3a KOKTeHJIa (the cocktail party)? 6 KbAe and HJ1KbAeWhere and somewhere All question words can be made into indefinite words by adding uK-: KaK KaKbB Kora K6nKo KbA9 how what sort of when how many where HRKaK HRKaKbB HRKora HRKonKo HRKbA6 somehow some sort of sometime some. This exercise will help you practise using the right gender of the passive participles and the right form of CLM.[(paBHBaM Bli qeCTlITo!.rr)'qllXMe nOKaHa 3a KOHuepT/lloKaHeHII CMe Ha KOHuepT (We have received an invitation for a concertlWe've been invited to a concert).however.[(Ka) pa.rr)'Ta ce 06Memi Ha Kaca 14. congratulate a Bulgarian on: a b c getting a new job d moving to a new flat (use anapTaMeHT) e getting married (use cBaT6a wedding) C pO)f(. now. X6~JI and OTHBaM. Remember the change from K to 'I (Unit 13)! forms of address. usually involving the change or addition of a single letter: Masculine names ending in consonants add -e: (EOHH) EOHHe! (I1BaH) I1BaHe! Most feminine names don't have a special form.[(H pa60Ta. I have to go to work immediately. KaKB6 and Kora. several somewhere HHKOii somebody or someone is formed in a similar way. this very moment: BceKIi .

Model: a XapecBa JIH TH waMrraHcKoTo (champagne)? )J. I !. b c d e f t® U1rP)(Q)~~[8j~u rQPl(Q) ~ (Q) [l{~ g h XapeeBa JIH BH TapaT6p'LT? XapeeBa JIH BH 6aHHnaTa? XapeeBaT JIH m Te3H nBeTi? XapeeBa JIH BH 6inrapcKoTo BHuO? XapecBaT JIH m rri.. 3 r-H AuT6HOB H CHHiT MYH6cJIT ABe 6yriJIKH BHuO OT ICYxuJITa.zu... a3 CDM Em!. approach En. Do you understand? Dialogue John and a girl.ZUlxTeIHICare~lirraTa «CBeTIi:ArreKc3.6epnIllH».. npa3HyBaxMe B pecTopaHT . Xapeca JIH Bu? MH6ro BH xapeea.a.KyIIHXMe eAHa Mwa HK6Ha (icon).Aa Ca.. M6)1(e JIH Aa JI BH.. whom even Nevena doesn't Nevena's desk with an open box of chocolates. HocHTe JIH IIOAa.C T63H TpaMBan ce OTliBa ~O noJIimHHTa.. •. 3an6 •.)I(6HC'LH HOCHWOICOJI3. Give a full answer to the following short questions."a A*OH HeaeHa 5 This exercise will help you practise saying I like.3HBHxapecBa. OTTyK ce BH)I(~aT QYM H XOTeJl«mepaToB».• ManKO 61.• KaKBa •.p J HeBCKH»? ~a.• ax Aa Y'-ta. B38MeTe CM6oH66H •. 6naroA8P~1 no KanB cnY'-ta'1? HeBeHa..•.aXOTeJl«Po.• rOB6p•.WKO.qpaBe'1Te.p'LIC cB6HTe IIpHiTeJIH? 3a Ma. e f MaHIC'LJI)J.:dma». know. Hille ce O>KeH xMe. Then change the dialogue to indicate that only you and a friend are talking. A>t<OH. 3a HHe HOCHM6powYPH OT IIaHaHpa B flJI6BAHB. pa3rJIeAaXMe H HeJl. (The forms in bold will remind you which bits need altering.• xMe MH6ro M nOAapb4M. Model: A3 H6cJl Te)I(KHJIKY$ap..H. TyK ce npOAaBa sim KapTa a b c d Prima! 4 Now for some irregular verbs! First read aloud this dialogue between two couples sightseeing in Sofia.) • • • • BH.JIHeHHTeq)rwICH? XapeeBaT JIH BH 60H66HHTe? XapeeBa JIH BH w6IIcKaTa caJIaTa? 189 ~uMJ First read the following sentences out loud in which people are taking things somewhere. 6oH66H.a.HK'LJI)J. Pa3rJIe~aXTe JIH ICpHIITaTa(the crypt)? )J. BWXMe jJ:./:uIM? Pa36Hpa ceo ETo JI. OTAaBHa nM ce n03HaBaTe? 3an03H8. O..)I(6HC'LH HHICOJIllH H H6cJIT p63H 3a 3naTKa AuT6HoBa. A*OH HeBeHa En•• HeB8Ha XapeeBa JIH BH T63H ICoMrraKTMcIC(CD) c 6inrapcKa M)r3HICa? En•• 3. H Kora 6ewe cBamaTa? B•.• pa. waMIIaHcKoTo MH6ro MH xapecBa. B e Te Aa.• 3HeH8.xMe ce MIIIH8naTa 3111Ma 66poBe4. B'Iepa AOHecoX Te)l(KHJI ICY$ap.. ille Be•.. Then read the sentences again as if the various errands were completed yesterday. MHJIeHa HOCHeAHu Y1fe6HHIC HHKom. flpeA KpHrrTaTa ce rrpoAaBaxa HIC6HH.. e VlMawe MH6ro x6pa M nony •.nrapCKH.HO T3. 3anoB~Aa'1Te.Aa! 4ecTIIITO! 6naroAap~. A3 B . OTTyK (from here) ce BlbK)I. XapeeBa JIH BB? Hile He pa36HpaMe OT HK6HH. A*OH HeB. aHrnlll'1cK.

KoraTo 3an6'1BaT . HeBeH8 npa3HyBax TaM po>t<. then the three of you joyful.rrara EJIH 60H66HH Ha HeBeHa? 3 Kb..190 :I t• III III \II 0 HeBeH8 EnM K !.. a A>t<OH CH 68we TaM KaT6 TYPHCT. cera l1Ie A6HAa.n:a IllfJlT KOHRK? r-+ ::T Q..pBO l1Ie OTHAeMHa MOpe. Ha3ApaBe! (Aa) ce O>KeHJI.x<OH. ••. -B8W Iq8CTMe n6cne BHe TPHM8T8 P8AOCTeH. Ha3ApaBe! 6naroAap~. ye BHe TpHMaTa l1Ie OTHAeTe B KOnpHBlJ.q8HHSl AeH. MH6ro pOMaHTHYHO! nO>KenaBaM BM MH6ro ~CTHe! Cera KaKB6 l1Ie npaBHTe? ni. KeH MH Ka3a. n6cne l1Ie OTHAeMHa Q>onKn6pHHSl Q>eCTHBan B KOnpHBl1IH4a.B c$aif: rrpe. -TH8 KOHHK CD ~ o en CD CD CD r-+ r-+ ::J Questions 1 Kb.• W M MHH8n8T8 3HM8 poAMTen POM8HTH'IHO nO)l(enaB8M.) IIIMaM TyK ManKO KOH~K.)I(OH? 4 KaKB6 HM nO)l(eJIaBa HeBeHa? 5 KaKB6 Ka3BaT EJIH H )l. As. (Returning with a bottle of brandy.) ~e CH B38Ma 6111e eAHH 60H66H no cnyYaH P8AocTHaTa HOBHHa.n:e H Kora ce 3ano3Haxa EJIH H )l. (After a pause.Cn8A TOBa TOHAOHA8 B C6Q>HSl Ha r6CTH y pOAHTenHTe MH. o o r-+ o .8.)I(OHH EJIH cBaT6aTa? 2 IIo KaKl. In this unit you wlllle8m • how to talk about feeling III and getting better • how to describe feelings . nOKaHMXMeH KeH C Hac. 4aKaHTe ManKO. happy brandy M3HeH8Aa (Aa) nony.n:.-HMW to get married surprise to receive last winter parent romantic to wish happiness after that.IH48.n:e npa:myBaxa )l.

MH6ro nOMara. OrMAM CMBKb~. aK6 He CMA06pe. CTy$HO nM TM e1 He ce 6e3noK6M. on a diet I don't feel well. '-Ie MMaM aneHAMcMT. KaKB6TM e? n6wo MM e. MMneHa H6AR He TM m. 'te MMaM aneHAMcMT. He 8 aneHAMcMT. As. Or B'-Iepa Me 60111. Tpsl6Bawe Aa B3MMaM aHTM6M6TMK. a b c d e 3am6 MHJIeHa He HCKan6Be'Je (more) KeKc? KaKB6 He? KaKB6 H ce nHe? Kora HMawe HW rpHn c BHc6Ka TeMneparypa? 3a KaKB6 Tpi6Ba .CTPaxYBax ce. npaBa CM. if you are not (feeling) well nothing else is hurting cold (in the head) cough I have stomach pains.1 cM11Ha Kaw11Mlla. /'ve had stomachache since yesterday. HeA9H. Or B't8pa Me 60nM CTOManT. Hsl~a HY>KAa. KaKB6 TM e1 . Didn't you like it? I don't feel like eating. 611aroAapsl. He C8 '-IyBCTBaM A06pe. It will pass.1 KaW11M48. Thank heavensl of mild flu Go home. HO He MMce S'lA9. to the doctor's I was afraid I had appendicitis. Questions 1 Try to answer the questions.!/'II be fine. '-Ie cMrypHo e HslKaKbB 11eKrPMn. He 9 TOBa. /'m not well. Are you cold? Don't worty.1111. You're worrying about your weight. rpM)I(MW ce 38 KMnorpaMMTe CM. aK6 He CMA06p8 HMIqO APyro He Me 60nM Xp8Ma K8WnM148 MMaM 66nKM B CToMaxa. IJ.n ••••• MMneHa H6AR MMneHa c.pInMece~ TpR6Bawe AS B3MMaM aHTM6M6TMK.Dialogue Nadya and Milena are coming to the end of their coffee break.KaKTo TM K83ax. He C9 6e3noK6H.1. "4oBeK TpR6Ba BMHarM AS ce rpMJKM38 3AP8BeTO CM.na ce rpIDKH 'JOSeK? HaAM8Ta He ce 'tyBCTBaM A06p8. naK 11MCMHa AM8Ta? He. Ir1 a3 He 06M'-IaM. HO '-IOB9KTpsl6Ba BMHarMAS ce rpM>KM 3a 3APaBeTo CM.1 HenpeKbcHaTo MM ce nMe BOA8. Cn6MHS'lM CM. H6AR MMn6Ha H6AR MMneHa H6AR MMneHa V1cKaw 11M6~e KeKc? He. &qOMHRMaw TeMnepaTjpa CTpaxjBaX CK6po cn6MHRM CM MMH&naTa rOAMHa no TOU Bp8Me He MOJK8XAS ce Onp8BR a. HslMa HY>KAa. I had to take antibiotics. One always has to look after one's health. TM BMHarM BHMMaBaw KaKB6 S'lA8W. What is the maner with you? n6wo MM e. Cera ~e TM HanpaBS'I. MMaM 6611KMB CToMaxa 1. C 3a~6 He oTMAew Ha 119Kap? EiS'lxHa 118Kap Ta3M CYTPMH. slMaM xpeMa H 1. CTYA9HO 11MTM e? He. ~OM HslMaw TeMneparypa.He MMce nMe '-IaH c11eA Kae:p9To. C11aBa 66ry. He MO>Kax Aa ce OnpaBS'I 4S'I11M9cell. ~e MM MMHe. xap6ca1 He MM ceRA6.1 TOM8xbT.n ••••• H6AR MMneHa MMneHa H6AR MMneHa It took me a whole month to get over it. rpM>KMW ce 3a KM110rpaMMTeCM. cK6po ~e TM MMHe. A3 He 06M'-IaM Aa B3MMaM aHTM6M6TMllM. since you don't have a temperature soon I remember last year at the same time a kind H6AA c. HenpeKltCHaTO MM ce nMe BOA'. 3a CTOMax nMH M9HTOB '-IaH . He ni 11Mxap9ca? MH6ro MMxapeea.Ie MM MMHe. MMH8J1aTa rOAMHa no TOBa Bp9Me MMax cTpaweH rpMn C BMc6Ka TeMneparypa 1. n9KapS'IT Kaaa. HM~ APyro He M9 60111. He MM e CTYA9HO. I feel like drinking water all the time. Haneup ce. He MM ce nMe 'taM. I don't feel like drinking tea. HslMaM TeMneparypa. Cn8Ba66ryl HRKaKbB neK rpMn OrMAMi CM BKltIqM.

il)J.! Wefind it interesting. I'm not well. I have stomach pains. Are you hot? She is sick/poorly/not well. HHTep6cHo HH e. • Saying you'll get better ~e ~e MHMime. f ••••• (II en -a. M otice that the indirect object pronouns (Unit 7) are used to refer to ~e person affected.g.yBCTBaTe? How do you feel? • Asking someone what is the matter with them KaKB6 TH/BH e? KaKB6 Te/BH 6oJIil? • Complaining of ill health He ce . It is interesting for us. He MHJIeHa HMa 60JIKH B CTOMaxa OT Blfepa. He Mil ce oiIe ••ai. Nadya is not feeling well. JI6mo MH e. He is cold. What is the matter with you? What is hurting? In the negative. I feel like a drink of water. Here are some examples for all persons: JIowo MH e. MHHaJIaTa rOAHHa HaM He MO)l(a )J.with the short object pronoun Me (there's a full list in Unit 11): . or what the matter with them is. He m JIH e ropem:o? He My e CTY)J. I'm not unwelVsick/poorly. e? I'm not well. I feel like something sweet...eHo My e. You will have noticed that you still need to keep the indirect object pronoun. l1MaM OOJIIalB CTOMaXa. physically or mentally. • Saying that you do or don't feel like doing something IIBe MHce BO~a. ropem:o JIH m/BH JIolliO H e. I am cold. and the word expressing the feeling is placed after the verb: He MH e JIOlliO. I'll get better.R'm sick/poorly. NikolaVHe is cold.a ce onpaBH OT rpHn U:HJI eceu:.06pe.. I feel unwell. I don't feel well.O CJlWo.eHocold and then refer to yourself using the indirect object pronoun MH: CTy)J. KeKC1>T it: xapeca. You can also use the alternative ways to indicate the person affected (Unit 11): Ha + name Ha HaM H e nOllio.. The guestsffhey are bored. CTy)J. Aren't you hot? He is not (feeling) cold. qYBCTBaM ce 3Jle. Similarly. I don't feel like tea. He Mil ce paooTH. you say KaKB6 TH e? or KaKB6 BH e? You will 2 lionM Me It hurts If you want to say that some particular part (or parts) of your body hurts (or hurt) you use 60JIil . How do you say it? • Asking someone how they feel KaK ce .2 True or false? a b c d e MHJIeHa He HCKa KeKC. The secretary is notfeeling well. I don't feel like working. Here are some more examples: Ha HHKonaii/Ha HerO My e CTy)J. to tell someone how you feel.eHO. It'll pass.eHO.yBCTBaM )J. Grammar 1 KaKBO TM e? What's the matter with you? To ask someone how they feel. s not feeling well. CKyq:HOHM e.or 60JIkr . They are bored. Ha rocTHTe/Ha TJlX HM e CKylfHO. 3amOTo ce rpHxm 3a KHJIOrpaMHTeCH. the word coming immediately after He is stressed. 195 r i These expressions are related to the weather descriptions you came across in Unit 10.. CTy)J. you describe your state (in the neuter!) e.eHo MHe. ce OnpaBJI.yBCTBam?l. He is placed ftrst.. TH HMa xpeMa H dllIJIHu:a. • Telling someone not to worry He ce 6e3noK6i! Don't worry! Ha + full pronoun Ha HeJi H e nOllio. She Ha+ noun Ha ceKpeTapKaTa H e nOllio.e MH ce Hen.

[feel like going to the seaside.a)KheTe . I'm thirsty. You merely insert the indirect object pronoun between the verb and ce: R. You can use this pattern with almost any verb to express your wish to do (or not do) something: X6. [ don't feel like working. I'm not hungry. qy. Sashko isn't sleepy. lIHe MBce BO.D.D.one. We couldn't sleep all night. [feel like a drink of water.. lioJIH JI KpaKi. I'm sleepy.HMBce Ha MOpe.aCOHM ~Hom. Milena doesn't feel like an ice-cream.a)Khe .D. ce COH. other than you.)I(a .n •••• Kom~Ho KpaK oK6 PbK8 yx6 31>6 - KoneH8 KPaK8 o•.a)K3. put Be first and the verb last: Mil Mil Mil He MO)l(aXMe. have irregular plural forms: If you use a person's name you still have to use the pronoun: Ha MaJIeaa HeB ce Jl.D. and also MOra with the change from r to 31: below.D. TJI He MO)l(a. Her leg hurts.D.eMB ceo lIHe MB ceo COH MB ceo He He He ce JI.)I(em . 1i0JlHT JIH Te YrnHTe? 1i0AATro p'b~eTe. Ha ClimKo He MY ce CDH.D.)I(eM .eMBce cJIa.3a K3. [ don't feel like going to work.a)KhaT I must say you must say he/she must say we must say you must say they must say Past K3. And the doctor might ask you KaKBo DB OO0? (or KaKBo Te OO0? if he knows you well) What is hurting you? Note that many parts of the body. This construction can be extended: R.D.K638X In the present tense you have to use the imperfective K83BaM.pJlOTo? lioJIH ro yx6To. Does your throat hurt? His ear hurtslHe has earache.T.D. I feel like an ice-cream.D. Her teeth hurt.but in the past you change to the perfective (Aa) Ka.IiOJIHMe rJlaBaTa (or rJlaBaTa Me 60JIH).D.D.D.D. I'm not thirsty.• ~ Pb49 3b6111 .MO)l(U If you don't feel like doing something. My eyes hurt. K63B8M1A8 KmKa . She wasn't able to eat much of the cake. (For other changes and other examples see the Appendix.am JIH KaKB6 TH K83BaM? qy JIH KaKB6 Tn K83aX? ~) Do you hear what I'm teUing you? Di4 you hear what I told you? Iaba belongs to a small group of e-pattem verbs that change their last consonant from the present to the past. Are your ears hurting? His hands/arms hurt. and Me is replaced by the appropriate short object pronouns: IiOJIH JIH Te ri.D. .3aXTe K3.a)K3.D. My head hurtsl I have a headache. in this case 31: to 3..D.D. c.) Compare the forms of (Aft) Iaba: 3 SlAe MM ce I'm hungry Another very useful way of saying how you feel is to use the it form of the verb with ce (cf. 1i0AATrH KpaKaTa. 1i0AAT JI 3i. ce mle.a. (TpH6Ba (TpH6Ba (TpH6Ba (TpH6Ba (TpH6Ba (TpH6Ba Present .. I'm hungry.H pa6oTa.3aXa [ said you said helshe said we said you said they said Past tense of can M6ra .e cJla. I'm not sleepy.e MH6ro OT KeKca. He Mil ce x6.a)K3. IiOAATMe O'lHTe (or O'lHTe Me 60AAT).oJle.6HTe. It is as though you were saying My head hurts me or My eyes hurt me.D.yw~ knee footlleg eye hand/arm ear tooth - - - knees feetllegs eyes hands/arms ears teeth 4 Some awkward past tense forms Past tense of to say/tel. Ha He Mil ce pa66TH.a: In the following examples people.e.D.3a K3.3ax K3.3axMe K3.aJl. are in pain. Their feet hurt. Unit 14). especially those that come in pairs.

Helshe had to get up early.sITeJIRCR. HeroB etc. 5 Possessive and reflexive pronoun eM (a) This is another difficult little word. en •••• Depending on the context.TPB6Bame .TpH6s8we TpB6Ba has only one past form . ill KaKB6 Te 60JIH? iv HMam JIH xpeMa? v KaKB6 TH ce Me? vi KaKB6 TH e? vii KaK ce q)'BCTBam? C d e f IIHe MH ce 6Hpa. In fact. yourselves and themselves: . He r6 60JIH yx6TO. singular or plural. kilograms). yourself. (c) Some verbs you always have to use with CR: Past tense of must/had to TpH6s8 . when Nadya suggests Milena goes home. intimate sense of doing something for oneself. 60JI. HeBeHa CR K)rnH~'bJIra Nevena bought herself a p6KJIJI. I remember. (d) Like many other short grammatical words. Tp. HO HMaM BHooKa TeMneparypa. I am taking a rest.siT JIH ro O'IHTe? ii lioJIH JIH JI 31>6? ill liOJI. Watch the word order! = = i lioJI. ourselves.slTJIH m xpadTa? iv lioJIH JIH ro KOJI. it can be used to replace any possessive adjective (MoH. between OTBBllMI am going and OTimllM CR I am going home. qaKaM npH. MO)KaxMe MO)Kax-re MO)Kaxa KynHX CR Mo~epHa 6JIY3a. long dress. en •••• Tp. not to be confused with the CRin TH CH. CRnever appears as the fIrst word in a sentence and is always stressed after Be.T.si6Bame ~a CTclHepaHo. ii r'bpJIO (throat) JIH re 60JIH? b JI6mo MH e.si6Bame ~a B3HMaM aHTH6H6THK could mean I ought to have (or should have) taken an antibiotic (but didn't). Tp.si6Bame ~a lfaKaMel lfaKaT ~J. itself. Exercises 1 Match the following questions and answers: i KaKB6 TH ce me? a R. npH. she says: OT~ CR BK'blD.siMaMxpeMa. for example. 3a KHJIorpaMHTe CR.He MO:>KaXa ce onpaoJl ~ U. I was able you were able he/she was able It took me a whole month to get over it. In the Dialogue. it is placed after the word it refers to. CBOR) hislherltheir own (cf.slT Me ymHTe. He. CBOe..for all persons singular and plural: IIolfHBaM CR.H. BHHam ce rpH:>KHm CB6eTo You are always worrying about 3a 3~aBe BHHam ce rpH:>KHm your health. CTY~eHO MH e. HHKoJIc1H CHK)rnHH6BO B~eo.si6Bame ~a B3HMaM aHTH6H6THK. To other verbs CR adds a personalized. 3a 3~PclBeTOCR.si6BaIIIecan also mean should have or ought to have (but didn't). We/they had to wait a long time. Unit 9). masculine or feminine. Nikolai bought himself a new video. herself.It belongs to the group of short possessive pronouns you frrst came across in Unit 3 and is a short form of cBoi (CBO. Cn6MHJlM CR.JIro. TJI ce rpH:>KH cB6HTe 3a She is worrying about her weight KHJIorpaMH TJI ce rpH:>KH (lit.) with any person. Tp. himself.slHOTO? v lioJIH JIH JI p1>KaTa? (b) CR can also be used as an equivalent of myself. H. He.JIJI Meceu. however.. TBOH.zt MHce KIkerroMJDIKo. = You are interpreting for a Bulgarian doctor working with English-speaking tourists. so Tp. Note also that the defInite adjective to the noun: article moves from the possessive g qaKaM cB6.siTeJI I am waiting for my friend. liOJIH Me KpaKJ. Give a full negative answer to the doctor's questions using the model: lioJIH JIH ro yX6TO? He. we were able you were able they were able I bought myself a fashionable blouse. Unlike the possessive adjective. There is a difference.

Now give a full negative answer to the questions: b i XO,WI JIH TH ce Ha nJIa)l(? ii TIHe JIH BH ce '1aH? iii rOBOpH JIH TH ce 61,nrapcKH? iv Y'IH JIH TH ce? v Pa60TH JIH TH ce Ha KOMmOThp?


ili:.e JIH OT 61,nrapcKHTe CneUHaJIHTeTH? ___ , 3am:oTo HMax 60JIKH B cToMaxa.


In this exercise you can practise saying came and went. Read out the sentences, filling in the answers according to the model: 3am:o He ~o~OXTe C Hac Ha eKcKyp3HR? TpH6Barne ~a nocpem:HeM npHHTeJIHTe CH. OTH~oxMe ~a nocpeID:HeM npHHTeJIHTeCH. a b c d e f 3am:o He ~o~e C Hac Ha eKcKYP3HR? TpH6Barne ~a CH KYnRMapaTOHKH. . 3am:o He ~O~OXTe C Hac Ha nJIa)l(? TpH6Barne ~a CH nO'lHHeM (have a rest). . 3am:o He ~OH~e C Hac Ha Be'lepR (dinner, supper)? TpH6Barne ~a CH KYnRJIedpcTBa. . 3am:o He ~OH~e C Hac Ha rOCTH? TpH6Barne ~a nocpem:Ha ~1>m:epHCH. . 3am:o He ~OH~e C MeHe Ha BHTorna? TpH6Barne ~a OTH,n:aHa JIeKap. . 3am:o He ~O~OXTe C MeHe Ha CKH? TpH6Barne ~a npaTHM nuCMOHa po~JIHTe CH.


Now your friend is unwell. Complete your role in the dialogue: • He ce '1yBCTBaM~o6pe. (Ask your friend what is the matter with him.) ROml Me KP1,CThT(small of the back). (Ask him what the doctor said to him.) JIeKapRT MH Klba ~a CH nO'lHBaM. (Ask whether he'sfeeling sleepy.) He, He MH ce cnH. (Ask him whether he is bored.) )l;a, MHoro MH e CK)rqHO. (Tell him not to worry and reassure him that he'll soon be OK again.) )l;a, H a3 ce Ha~HBaM, 'Ie CKOpOm:e MH MHHe.



• • • •





Now you've been to the doctor's and are answering your friend's questions. Using the model: KaKBo TH d3a JIeKapu? JIeKapRT MH Klba, anepruR (allergy). 'Ie HMaM

Do you understand?
Mr and Mrs Collins are at the doctor's Collins prefers to do the talking. r->K8 K6mtHC in Varna. As usual, Mrs

And, at the risk of giving your friend a heart attack, say that: a you have flu b you have appendicitis c you have a high temperature d you have a cold in the head e you have hepatitis (xenam)

r-)I(8 K6mtHC


Using the past of Mora fJJ.I in the answers. Follow the pattern: B~Te a b c d JIH tllOJIKJIOpHHRKOHUepT? He Moa:aXMe ~a ro

r-)I(8 K6mtHC r-H KonMHc

BWM, 3am:oTo 3aK1>CHHxMe.
)l;)I(OHo~e JIH lIa rOcTH? ___ , 3am:OTO ro 60JIerne rJIaBllTa. (cf. Unit 17) ,l);oaece JIH '1aHTaTa? ___ , 3am:OTO Me 60JIerne KpbcThT. Te paJrJle~axa JIH KypopTa? ___ , 3am:oTo rH 60mxa KpaKaTa. IIpaTBxTe (send) JIH nuCMOTO? ___ , 3am:oTo HHMaXMeMapKH.

r-)I(8 KonMHc

r-)I(8 K6nMHc


A66bP AeH, A6KTop CTO~HOB. A66bP AeH. Ka>t<eTe. 311e I1H ce '-IyBcTBaTe? He, He a3. Mb>KbT MH He ce '-IyBcTBa A06pe. KaKB6 Mye? V1MaCHI1HOrnaBo6611He H Bce My e CTYAeHO. As, MH6ro MHe CTYAeHO,a HaBbH e T611K0B8T6n110. V1MaTeI1H TeMneparypa? TeMneparypaTa My He e MH6ro BHc6Ka - 37.1 [TpHAeceT H c9AeM H eAH6.] 6011HI1H ro rbp110? He, HHTOro 6011Hrbp110, HHTOHMa xpeMa. BH>Kp,aM, '-Ie K6>t<aTa Ha pb4eTe H KpaK8Ta My e AOCTa '-IepB9Ha. 0, Aa. TOM MH6ro 06H'-Ia AS CTOH Ha cl1bH4e. B'-Iepa 4Sl11AeH 6ewe Ha nl18>Ka. Ha K611KOrOAHHH CTe r-H K6m1Hc?

r-H K6mtHC neKap r-H K6mtHC NKa K6nMHC

Ha weHceT H ABe. IIIMaxTe nH WanKa Ha rnaBaTa CH,KOraTO6~XTe Ha nn8>t<a? He. Klbax MY, ~e CnbH4eTO e MH6ro CMnHO, MO>KaxAa ro HaKapaM A8 Cn6>KHwanKa. CTPaxYBaM ce, ~e ~e Tp~6Ba Aa CTOMTe C~HKa Ha H~KonKO AHH. OT CnbH4eTO 8H e n6wo. ~YBaw nH, A>KoPA>K?Tp~6Bawe Aa MH B~pBaw KaT6 TH Ka3Bax, ~e cnbH4eTO TYK e CMnHOAOPM npe3 MaM!
doctor (only when addressing) A6KTOp CTOA, CTOMW to stay 3I1e




HasitH HMTO H.nO ••• •••, K6)1(a wanKa

(Aa) HadpaM, (Aa) cn6*8,

cnitHq8 -paw

unwell headache all the time outside neither ..., nor. .. skin hat head sun to make (somebody do


something) -)I(MW sApsaM, -saw (Aa) CM nO'fMHa, -HeW cnR, cnMW 'tysaM, -saw K8T6
to put on to believe to have a rest to sleep to hear when


a, c .

:J :J

Questions 1 Koil He ce qyBcTBa ~o6pe? 2 KaxB6 My e Ha r-H K6JIHHc? 3 3aIQ6 e '1epBeHa x6xcaTa Ha r-H K6JIHHc? 4 KaXB6 Tpt6Bame ~a CJI6XCH rJIaB~ha CDr-H K6JIHHc? Ha 5 KaXB6 TPt6Ba ~a HanpaBD Toil cera?

In this unit you willieam • how to talk about things that might have happened but didn't O.e.hypothetical situations) • how to talk about gMng presents • how to fonn the past tense of some awkward verbs


Following Michael Johnson's return to London, there is a short discussion over a cup of coffee back in the Sofia office.
&oRH AHT6HOB HIIIKonaM, K8>KMKaK MMHa nocn8AHIIIAT AeH C MaHKDll A>t<6HCloH. BcMI.4KO MMHa HOpMBnHO.CyrpIIIHTa OTMAOXA8 ro B38Ma OT xOT8na. nnaTMXMe cM8TKaTa. MOMMI.4eTOa P848n4111ATaopi>I.4aTaKcM38 ABa H n 083 neTHaMeeT. r-H A>t<6HCloH Kua, I.4ee MH6ro AOB6neH OTXOT8na. OC66eHO OTTOea MOMMI.4e MMcnA I.4e ee KUBa HeBeHa. V1cKawe A8 M. nOABPM H8~ 3a Cn6MeH. CTpawHIII C8 T83111' aHrnllll.4aHIIIIAK6 6AX 83, ~X AB 3a6paeA AOPIiI AB K8>Ka AOBM>K,q8He. o r-H A>t<6HCloH H MMawe, eAMH O8n8)KHIIIK III M ro nOAapM. TA MH6ro ro Xap8ca. 11183aK6 6AX, III 83 ~X Aa ro Xap8caM! AK6 6AX a3, HslMawe Aa ro nplll8Mal MOMMI.4eTa, CTMra rnynocTIIII npOAbn)KaBaH, HIIIKonaM. n6cne oTMAoxMe B Mar83MHa 38 nOABpb4lll. 1I136paxMeeAHa cp86bJ)Ha rpMBHa 38 )KeHa My. ABAe nlll My nOABp'bKa 3a )KeHa My OT M6ATa )KeHa? P836Mpa ee, ABAOXMy roo ToM nOKua nlll Till nporpaMaTa 38 TB6A npeCT6M B 48nM$PA? He MM A nOKua. Ka3a. I.4e Lq8 Mill A npaTIII C <paKC. ~e Te nocpe~He nlll B 116HAOH? Aa, Lq8A6"Ae Ha XMHTpoy Aa Me nocpe~e. 111HMe ~xMe AB ro n0cp8~eM, HO TOM He MCKawe. II1A8ATa My 68we AB x6AH HaBCslKbAe C8M, 3a Aa rOB6plll n6Bel.4e6i>nrapcKIII. 0, ~X AB 3a6paBA HaH-B8>KHOTO 48nlllA AeH rOB6plllxMe Ha aHrnMMcKIII. TOM Kua, I.4e HanpeABaM, HO a3 6~e MMaM I.4yBCTBOTO. I.4e HM~O He 3HaM. CTMra, HIIIKonaM! AK6 6AX Ha TB6e MslCTO, 111366~0HslMawe Aa ee 6e3noKOsl. M6nA Bill, n6cne ~e rOB6pIIITe. V1cKaM Aa pa36epa - Till 1113npaTIII nlll MaMKbn AO neTM~eTo? H8AR 60~H AHT6HOB


Aa, Aa, M3npaTMx roo CnaBa 66ry. He 3aKbCHslXMe3a caMoneTal E. HaM-n6cne pa36pax, TOBa, KoeTo MCKax Aa
3HM ...




V1cKaTenM 6~e Ka<Pe,rocnOAIiIH AHT6HOB? He, 6naroAapsl. He IiIcKaM n6Bel.4e.

MMneHa &oRH AHT6H08


KmKM KaK MMHa nocn6Att"HT ASH. HOpMBnHO p,a ro B38Ma OC06eHO A8 M nop,apM H8aqo 38 cnOMeH erpaWH" ca TU" aHrn ••••aH••1 AKO 6HX a3, IqJIX p,a 386paBH AOpM p,a KRa AOBM*A8He. lit a3 aKO 6HX, •• a3 IqJIx p,a ro xap8caMI AK6 6HX a3, H~Mawe p,a ro np ••eMal erMra rnynocT ••1 nPGA'bnJK8BaMI lIt36puMe BAHa cp86bpHa rpMBHa. A8Ae ntt My nOA8P'bKa? TOM nOKa38 n •• T" nporpaMaTa? Ka38, ••e Iqe M" H npaTH. lqe Te nocpelqHe n••... ? lit HMe aqRXMep,a ro nocpelqHeM. HaBC~KbA8 nOB8'le U4Rxp,a 386paBH HaM-BRHoTO. TOM Ka38, ••e Hanp8ABaM. erMra ••.1 AK6 6HX Ha TBoe M~CTO••• HRMawe p,a ce 6e3noKoll HaM-n6cne pa36p6x 6aqe Kac1J8 He MCKaMn6B8'1e.

&oRH AHT6H08 H"KonaM &oRH AHT6H08

OK, normally to take him especially to give her something as a memento Incredible, these English! If it had been me, I'd have forgotten even to say goodbye. And if it had been me, I'd have liked it too! If it had been me, I wouldn't have accepted it. Enough of that nonsense! Go on! We chose a silver bracelet. Did you give him the present? Did he show you the programme? He said he'd send it to me. Will he be meeting you ... ? And we too were intending to meet him. everywhere more I nearly forgot the most important thing. He said I was making progress. Stop it...! If I had been in your place ... I wouldn't have worried at last I have found out some more coffee I don't want any more.

&oRH AHT6H08 H"KonaM &oRH AHT6H08


u.. So.zumJl .u.e JIH Ha MaHK1>JI. it forms an -e replaces the -0.u. • Telling someone to stop doing something CTilra! Stop it! Enough! 2 Past tense of (. If it had been me.u. These t verbs all drop the vowel -e. it form it is only the position of the stress that distinguishes between the present (.ll:>K6HC1>H H no. thank you. • Saying that you nearly forgot IQIIX ~a :Ja6pUR.u. TOH n0Kl13a Ha HHKOJIaH nporpaMaTa 3a HerOBHJI npecr6H B QeJIMc41op. Remember: (a) in the you singular and he. she. 1 Nikolai has been asked these questions.a ce 6e3noKoH. KOOTO HCKawe .eHC MaHK1>JI.u.before -p. (.qa) pa36epa and (. He BCKaMnOBelfe. I would like a little more.u.apH.OCTan.u.u. I don't want any more.K6HTO MaHK1>JI .u.u.••••o! • Saying At last and Thank heavens! Haiii-n6cJIe! CJIaBa 66ry! I (have) understood you (have) understood (HHe) pa36paxMe (sHe) pa36pme (Te) pa36paxa we (have) understood you (have) understood they (have) understood At last! Thank heavens! (lit: Praise to God!) (TI1) (Toli) } (TR) pa36pa (TO) he/shelit (has) understood .ap1>KaOT r->Ka AHT6HoBa? IIo HMeiiJIa JIH ~e TH npam TOH nporpaMaTa? Ha KaK'bBe3HK rOB6pHxTe ueJIHJI .qa) AaM . (b) in the he. etc.u.u. As explained in Unit 14.Ha cpe61>pHa rpHBHa 3a . MaHK1>JI.e. does (.ll:a. I would not have gone without you. 6J1aro.a).a) C'LOOpao gather.ap1>K H36paXTe 3a r->Ka .aro xapeea.qa) M36epa .u.e nd the past .u.lI.a.u.u..Questions • Asking for and declining more flcKaM olQe MaJIli:O.eH? HeBeHa MH6ro xapeea 6eJIe>KHHKa. True or false? a b Grammar 1 Past tense of (. TBOO Micro.u.a.in the present tense.a Pa36epe TOBa. a If 1 had been in your place. the past endings are therefore added to -0-: (a3) AfiAox AfiAe en en ••••• C d e f I gave you gave he/she/It gave (HHe) (sHe) (Te) AfiAoxM8 AfiAOXT8 AfiAoxa we gave you gave they gave (n'l) (Toli) } (TR) AfiAe (TO) How do you say it? • Saying If I were you AK6 AK6 611X ua 611X 83.ll:>K6HC1>H? .in the past tense: (a3) pa36pax pa36pa .pa36pax and M36pax These verbs belong to a small group of e-pattem verbs which have -ep.u.u.u.A8P. • Saying you would not have done something HtiMame ~a o~a 003 Teoo.u. Ha.8Mthere is a -.u.JIHa HeiiHo Micro c'b~O ~ewe . she.u.JI 6ewe Ha HeroBo Micro. too. lioiH AHT6HOB He MO>Ka.before the present tense endings (~a) ~a~em. AK6 Hli. TJI ~ewe .apH MaHK1>JI.a3Hae.ll:>K6HC1>H H36pa e.u.apa.What should he answer? a b C d r ••••• 2 e KaKB6 npaBHXTe nocJIe.u.a)~~e.ll:>K6HC1>H no.ll:>K6HC1>H HeseHa? Ha KaKi>Bno.ll:>K6HC1>H B xon:JIa? KaKB6 no.OX You will remember from Unit 7 that in all forms other than the I form of (~a) .1>~epj CH.

the direct object . (Le.lJ.a3a6paBHill meme .a). rrporpaMaTa) .lJ.lJ:a. (Le.lJ. He was about to go without you.6ii. 6 lqRx p.a3a6paBHM mnTe . That is why they are used in a past tense form with -me which is used for describing incomplete actions. (Look back to Unit 7!) When you use the short pronouns as direct and indirect objects.ap'. comes from ~a. Verbs like HCKaM.lJ. she.ZJ. in fact. stand for states rather than actions.A.HH 6eJIexamx H B ro rro.HO B3ex TaXCD:. Here are all the forms: Inn ..a. rro.lJ. HO He MO)l(a. but couldn't.lJ.n.lJ.a3a6pau meme .lJ.lJ.aoTH.A.aM and (. 6 I would have been late. but I took a taxi.. the last example).a3aopBBli meaning I nearly forgot (but didn't quite!). you usually need to mention both the thing that is given (or shown or sent) . sending.) ~xa .a . I nearly forgot you nearly forgot he/she nearly forgot we nearly forgot you nearly forgot they nearly forgot .lJ.lJ.DaM and CLM.a)nOKUca. You also use this construction to refer to things that nearly happened (but didn't quite!): 4 Pronoun word order with giving.lJ.ee3 Te6e.e.of whatever has been given.a) n npaTII.lJ. sending and showing verbs With verbs of giving. mRX . Toil meme.ZJ.MCK8X HCKaM has the same past endings as DaM and (a3) (n1) HCKax HCKaW8 'CKaW8 I wanted you wanted CLM: we wanted you wanted they wanted (c) when the verb does come first in the sentence. Toil meme .ZJ.lJ. We have been concentrating on the one without -me which is used to describe a sequence of completed actions. HO He MO)l(ax.6ii.the indirect object . they both come immediately after the verb (cf.and the 'beneficiary' . I gave it to him.ap'bxa) What you need to remember here is: (a) most importantly. however. (.lJ. that the indirect object pronouns always come before the direct object ones (b) when the verb is not the first word in the sentence.lJ. you need to use the past forms of ~. then both short pronouns come immediately before the verb Mr Johnson had a diary and gave it to her. (HHe) HCKaxM8 (BHe) HCK8XT8 (Te) HCKax8 5 lqRx A8 I was going to (but I didn't) To express things you wanted or intended to do.a) O.lJ. Ha MY r-H .lJ. shown or sent.lJ.ox roo (Le. 6eJIe)l(HHKa) TR He Mil II rrox83a. She did not show it to me. like (. Ha HeR. (Le. Ha MeHe. In either case ~ is followed by . (You will fmd more on how to use the past forms with -me with other verbs too in Unit 17. 0') A3 mRX . but I couldn't. which.aand a verb in the present tense in the same person as the main verb. Ha MeHe.lJ.lJ. He will send it to me.lJ:)I(6HCDH. an old verb meaning to want: ~x ~ewe ~ewe I intended you intended he/she intended (TOM) } (nl) (TO) ~XMe ~XTe we intended you intended they intended .apD:. I was going to come. pay attention to the word order. it forms. but didn't.a 386p8BJI I nearly forgot/that reminds me One of the most common occurrences of ~ is in the phrase ~ .a 380pBBIi is probably best .ZJ.a3a6paBHTe mna . He was going to come. nporpaMaTa) Toil me MH II rrpaTH.a3a6paBU When used with the I form ~ translated as that reminds me.a.a3aXDCHell. Look at the following sentences taken from the dialogue: r-H .[VK6HC'bH D:Mame e.3 Past tense of MCK8M . 0') So far you have come across two patterns of past forms: with and without -me in the you singular and he.ZJ.lJ. and showing (.a3a6pauH mnMe .

u. In English. which also stays the same for all persons.OBIDK. It is not always easy to choose the right one. ! 8 AK6••• IqRX I would have done it. which stays the same for all persons.ll.eM 6e3 Te6e.210 I 7 HRM8W8 A8 I (You. the tense of the verbs used in indirect speech is changed.aro nocpew. The negative form is again with dMame ~a: AKo 6n a3. of~: A3 Hhfame . HO TOH He Hcxawe. AKo 6n Ha TBoe MgCTO. is used as the negative (a) nOBe'le is to MBoro what more is to much or many. /f it had been me. Michael Johnson said (that) he was very pleased with the hotel.OpH. you can use the original verb tense of the question and answer. 'Ie e MHoro . I'd like a bit more. lbommm MaHX'bJI . H a3 axo 6n.. All you need to do is change the person of the speaker.ll. oo.ll. but he didn't want 10 Indirect (reported) speech When you repeat something someone else has said. forming 'indirect' questions and answers. may only be implied: And we too were intending to meet him (implied: if he had wanted). Sometimes the (c) You use Ome . you are creating what is called 'indirect' or 'reported speech'. I'd have liked it too.e Would you like some more beer? Yes.a3a6paBjf /fit had been me. MHoro C'bM. if you are asking for another glass of beer!) already there: M:cxaTe JIH om:e 6Hpa? .ll. I would not have gone without you.jXMe .ace 6e3nOXOg. /f I had been in your place.) In Bulgarian. H~awe .e. we.and this is the difficult one! . he.D. IUJIX .ll. a question asked or an answer given. Wouidyoulikesomemorebeer? No. He has a lot of money. ro xapeeaM. a3 HMaM DOBe. she.ll. en ••••• which something would have taken place.ll. I don't want any more. (You will see this in the examples given below. 9 n688148 and 61148 more Bulgarian has two different words for more: DOBe'le and Ome. There are a number of examples in the dialogue: AKo 6jfx a3. TOH HMa MBoro napH. HgMaWe . I wouldn't have worried. in most instances. from the I form to the he form.aHe. It is used when you make comparisons and want to say that one person.ll. He HcxaM nOae'le. us to. if••• IIJ. H a3 m:jfX.RX is often used with BO if to introduce conditions under (b) noae'le is also used when you have had enough of something and don't want any more. It tends to be used with negatives and therefore has to do with not going beyond a limit that has already been reached: M:cxaTe JIH om:e 6Hpa? He.ll. This usually occurs after an introduction such as she asked or she said. HcxaM MWO.a ro npHeMa.ll. Michael knows a lot of Bulgarian words. Victoria knows more (Bulgarian words). for example.when you are thinking of adding to what is (or was. O I am very pleased with the hotel. It is the irregular comparative of MBOro. forgotten even to say goodbye. not have 8tC) would r i i en ••••• You will remember from Unit 10 that the negative form of me is dMa ~a. but if you remember the following simple rules.aOTH. all of which are based on dialogues you have already studied.aoni:):(a 6e3 Te6e. OT .HeM (implied: axo TOH Hcxawe).e. Its past form dMame ~a. in addition) if element. for example. (i. I'd have . knows more words (or has more money!) than another: MaHX'bJI 3Hae MBOrO 6inrapcKH ~.[(xcOHC'bH xaJa. it.axcbKa . I wouldn't have accepted it.a And if it had been me.OBOJIeH XOTeJIa. We would not have gone without you. it will help.OBOJIeHT xorena. BHXTopHjf 3Hae nOae'le (6inrapcKH ~H). I have more.ll. HHe HgMaWe .ll.[(a. had the conditions been fulfilled (which they weren't!) These are a type of so-called 'conditional' sentences and you will fmd out more about them in Unit 20. BO. MaiiKLJI ~OHCLH H HHe w.

a b In the following sentences you are being asked what you would have done.em Ha JIeTHm:eTo? )J.o. you can replace JIB with muDI (whether).a KYIIHTe? Michael Johnson said (that) he he would send me the programme.aHa r6cTu.o.pYra ~a6oTa __ . He.pYra Ha ~a6oTa __ .a u3rrparum MOMH'IeTo? .o.o.B rro. will help you to practise talking about things that might have happened .na.o.a onineM Ha IIJIa)l(. HCKaMe . aK6 6J1x Ha TB6e MJlCTO.a OTH.o. C d HCKaxMe. 60Ra AHTOHOB (to Nadya) AK6 HCKaxTe .a rrpueMem rroKaHaTa? AK6 6eme Ha M6e MiCTO.a OTH. using JIB..o.a. and the following two exercises.na or. m:eme JIB . aK6 6JIX Ha TB6e MJlCTO.but didn't.eH.eM eKcKyP3W1.ap'bKm.o.JI ~6BC'I>H me TU rrpanI rrporpaMaTa.ilxTe .ax . HCKax.aonmeM Ha eKcKyP3W1.a OTH.o. 'Ie tne MH opaTH rrporpaMaTa.eM TeHHc.o.a OTH.o. Use tnBMe .Hl:Mame .o.o. m:eme JIB .na. MCKax. Exercises 1 This.o. then answer the questions fIrst using . KYTMfI (box) 6oH66HM 6yTMnK8 (bottle) BMHO KYTMfI c nyKc63HM (deluxe) nnMKOB8 ••••• CJ) CBo66. The boss asked whether you were free. KaKi.aOTH. In questions like the last one. Ha 3 Now read the following sentences out loud and following the model say what you would have done. m:eme JIB .a KyIIHTe rro.o. had you been in the position of the speaker. AK6 HJlMaXBa)KHa c¢m:a a b C AK6 6eme Ha M6e MiCTO.aHa JIeTHm:eTo. Read out loud the two sentences in which John and Eli explain what they would have done if they hadn't had more pressing things to attend to: ~OH H Em.o.o.o.aKyrrum QBeTi? AK6 6eme Ha M6e rvriCTO.eH JIB CH . lIHKoJIaii MaHK'bJI )J.o. HCKaXMe.o.o. m:iXMe .o.m:JlX. then using He. m:eme JIB . AK6 HiMaXMe .a Ha JIeTHm:eTo. Read the model out loud.o. Note the change of word order: Haror ille<t>'bTrrOrrHTamuDI CB cBo66.ap'bK OT D'bJIrapWl.o.o.o. AK6 HiMax .M8iKJ. AK6 HJlMaXMeBa)KHa cyem:a --..eH JIB e HUKonaii? HAAB (to Nikolai) ille<l>'bTrromiTa cBo66.o.)K6HC'bH Ka3a.pYra pa6oTa.o. AK6 HiMaxMe . Model: AK6 6eme Ha M6e MiCTO.a OTH.a onina Ha BHToma.

AOHecM OT TB6MTe M 83 ll4e My rM AaM.IQBXTeJIB Aa nocpeIQHeTe aMepHxaHeQa? on the sections in heavy type and use Kane>. ~OH H EJIB d3axa. IiJIarOAapg. 7 4 The next two exercises will help you to practise and then to choose correctly between o•••e and nOBe'le. Try to think of two possible versions for the JIB question in (b). making the necessary alterations for indirect speech. a b C d e l1:cxarn JIB xexc? ABe 6HpH.3••••0 or na KorO. When asking questions. remembering that o•••e has the sense of in addition or another while nOBe'le tends to be used with negatives and in comparisons. MHJIeHa HMa aHrmmCXH XHHrH OT HHKOJIail:.aAox ABe XapTHqXH OT PHJICXIDI MaHacnip (monastery) Ha KeH. KaT6 3aMMHa. Your friend has the answers in the story. MH6ro e MHTep8ceH.Te . 'Ie __ . So. ~XTe JIB Aa AOHecere nOAap'bx? Ax6 6iIxTe Ha Harne MgCTO. Hue Ha TYPHCTHTe. ye ll4e HM M3npliTM 61l4epeKnliMM.. A3 Be"le M36ph HliM-xYOaBMTeOT M6MTe nnaKliTM.zuui KpacBBa HKoDa. (Aa> D36epa and (Aa> pa36epa..qs:l.rr. r -)f(a AHT6HoBa Hcxarne Aa AaAe Ha MaHK'bJI ~6HC'bH M8m. 3Hliew nM KaKB6? TOM MM npeAn6>KM Aa HanpliBMM M3n6>K6aC HliwM nnaKliTM B AHrnMs:I..K. a b c K'bAe lIMa Mara3HH 3a DJIOAOBe 3eJIelfll}1ut? H r -H H r-)f(a K6JIHHC nHTaxa . HO 33 aDtax n6Beqe. TJI He XYnH KpHCTliJIHa Bha.. l1:MaMe neT MHHYrnAO3aMHH~eTO (departure) Ha CaMOJIeTa. B~ nM nnaKliTa.. me 3aMHHeM 3a BapHa Ha ABaHceT H 6cMH Mail:. r -)f(a K6JIHHC nOJIYqHABe nHcMa OT AHrJIBJI H _ eAH6 DHCM6OT AMepHxa. M6JIJ1. l1:MaTe JIB CB066AHO BpeMe? HeBeHa nOnHTa r-H )l. MHJIeHa Kha.. ~6To KpHCT8JIIIIITeBa3D ona y*acao CriBB (expensive). ille4>'bT Kha. To do this turn every sentence into a question. The first exercise will also help you practise using the past tense of (Aa> AaM. 'Ie *eDa MY MHOro eMiR KpHcniJIIIII (crystal) Ba3D. r-)f(a AHT6HoBa H36pa e. l1:cxarne Aa H36epe mii-KpaCBBaTa KpDCT8Jma Bba. Toil: BCKame 6IQe. complete the sentences altering or replacing the words in bold as necessary: Model: )l. pa36ph OT Hli. Bqepa cyTpHHTa TJI OTHAeB Mara3D 3a nOAa. Kora MW'bJI ~6HC'bH IQe H3npaTH nporpaMaTa? 1i0RH AHT6HOB nOnHTa _ l1:MaM cpem. Te . "le ll4e nOMMcnMM.. First read the little story out loud. en a b c 5 ••••• HeBeHa Ha ~OH H EJIB.d e Ax6 6BXTe Ha M6e MBCTO.TM KaKB6 My OTrOB6pM? Klbax. Toil: n d _ e en ••••• Choose o•••e or noae'le in the sentences below. A8 TOBli e "lYA8cHa Bb3M6>KHOCT. HW MMro nOKll3a. II6cJIe TJI AMe nOAap'bXa 3a r-)f(a ~6HC'bH ua lIHKoJUii. Aa. Now change the story into a dialogue between yourself and a friend. following the model. IiJIarOAapR. r-H H r-E! K6JIHHC Ha cOOJI pHkre. He HcxaM n6Be'le Ka<lJ6.qa Y Bac M Aa rM B3eMa. Using the questions and statements in the first of these sentence pairs. Oll4e He e K'bcHO. Korli Aa TM rM AOHd? A3 M6ra A8 A6M. TJI p336pa OT Hero. K'LA~. concentrate MMneHa HMKonaM .TM Ha M6e M~CTOll4ewe nM A8 ce C'brnacMW BeAHlira? P836Mpa ceo Ha TB6e M~CTOBeAHlira Il4s:IX npMeMa. ~x Aa r g 6 This exercise will help you practise the awkward irregular past forms of (Aa> AaM. r Do you understand? Dialogue Nikolai and Milena accept an offer to exhibit in England. 'Ie ...K nOAa. K6MTo HMnOAapM MOK'bn A*6HC'bH? Aa. 'Ie .. AK6 MCKaw. HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa. complete the second.a B ABa '1aca. H8nM? TOM Kli3a. HgMaMe BpeMe Aa qaXaMe. M6>KeAa rn A8Ae Ha T80e Aa rM AOHec8W.)f(6HC'bH .. He HcxaM BHHO.

LqRXA8 Te nOKBHR Ha rOCTH.MW (As) nOMHcnA. (As) M3np8TA. 'Ie Toii Hcxa' H cnHcliHHua? 6 KaXB6 npe. '"Ie rM HCKaw.MMneHa HMKonsi MMneHa 3a6paBR . -nMW AO BaC 0) •••• KpMcyaneH.bH? 3 OT xor6 pa36pa MHJIeHa 3a 'I)'. -3Ha cKltn to send.a. dear Questions 1 KaxB6 6IQe IQe H3npam Maiix'bJI . npeAnO'"lHTaM A8 Te H3npaTR AO Bac.ZJ. KOHTOHMaw? AK6 3Haex.a anpaBH MHJIeHa ax6 3Haeme.a. -.ZJ. M6>Ke nH? 3al. LqRXAa TH rM AOHec8. ax6 6eme Ha MiICTOTO Ha HHXOJIaii? S KaXB6 IQeme .46 He? AK6 H~Max APyra pa60Ta.aZJ.ZJ.e . -nHa nyKc63eH.ZJ. HHLqO.bJI.lVK6HC'bH? 2 Ha xor6 M6)1(e .ZJ. llIe Me nOKBHHw.Lqe MH A8Aew nH H aHrnHMCKHTecnHcaHHR. accompany advertisement to offer to think (something) over home crystal deluxe expensive.a HanpaBH MHJIeHa.lVK6HC.llO'lHTaHHXOJIaii? In this unit you will learn • how to talk about things breaking down/not working • how to ask for help if something is wrong in your hotel room • how to ask for help if you have trouble with your car • how to refer to past events . pexJIaMHTeMaiix.ZJ. -TMW peKnSMa (As) np8Al16. KorBTO HMaw n6Be'"le cB066AHO BpeMe.ecHaTaB'b3M6)I(HOCT? 4 KaXB6 IQeme .

. CMrypHO MMa HenpMftTHOCTM C nOllM4Irt~Ta. Before. 56nHanM e? MHOro ClaM Y'tYA8H. I wasn't able to hear. is late for work and nobody at the office knows why. MMlleHa. CllY1.. Y>KSCeH6ewe. he was awful the car has broken down he kept pointing to the sign What happened next? fortunately acquaintance he was standing on the comer He was buying himself (ct." np&A 66nHM. a fine I tried (kept trying) I was speaking what happened the engine stopped wouldn't start for the past few days hasn't been working property aI/I could do was . He MO.DDialogue Boyan Antonov's secretary. A06pe... 0. He e 6611Ha.. a TOMBce MMnOKs3Bawe 3HsKa.ll4~ nbT llIe 61. Unit 15) a newspaper. TOMH&MepMnOBpeAaTa BeAHsra. OTMBax Ha p860Ta C KOllsTa. . "'le ~ HftMa.MH6ro CbM Y"IYAeH.11M. I have no idea. Is she il/? I'm vel)' surprised. 3alll6TO TS3M CYTPMH ~ BMAftX OT TpaMBS~. TOMCToewe Ha brblla AO 6611HM48Ta. OnMTBax MH6ro 2 C nbTM Aa ce 06~ no TelleQ>6Ha. HO6ewe 3aeTO. ACHO381116 it's obvious why MMS HenpMJ1THOC1lIc ••• She is having trouble with . ClleABall.. KaKB6 cTsHa n6clle? 3a ll..) H8AR SOHH AHTOHOB H8AR HMKona •• H8AR 3APaBeMTe.) HMllIO oc66eHo. ~CHO 3alll6 ~ HftMa. nonMl46AT Ii I1OK63Bawe3H6Ka CnMPAHETO 3ASPAHEHO. K611KO nbTM H KS3Bax Aa He napKMpa npeA 6611HM4aTa!Cers llIe Tpft6Ba Aa nllaTM rn66a.. KonKo ""TIt Ii K83B8X••• The times I've told her.T cnpA He Mo. A3 CblllO ~ BMAftXHa YllM48Ta OTA811e"'le. from afar What was she doing? She was talking to a policeman in front of the hospital. KynYBawe CM BecTHMK. a3 rOB6pex npeAM MB. She was going to work. .ex AS HanpeSR HMIqO APyro OCMH ••• yUC8H 68we KonaTa MMa nosp8Aa Bee MM nOKa3B8We 3HaKa KaKBO CTaHa n6cne? 38 aq8CTMe n03HaT TO•• CT08we Ha 'n. OrMB8We Ha p660Ta. HO a3' npoAbll>KSBax Aa KspaM KonsTa.lM. HOnpeA 6611HM48Ta MOT6pbT cnpSlM He M6>Kewe AS 3anB.Ae MOT6pbT. A3 Te BMAftX.l8CTMe. OT HSlKOllKO AHM MOT6pbT He pa66Tewe A06pe.. HAMSM np&ACT8B8..11KO. H811M?KS3ax MY. HSlMax. "'le KOllSTa MMa nOBpeAS. nOBp6ASTa He 6ewe B MOT6pa. The policeman was pointing out the NO STOPPING sign to her. rn66a onMTBax a3 roB6pex KaKB6 ee cnj'tM MOT6p1.rOB6pewe C eAMH nOllM48M..He M6>Kex Aa "'lY~ KaKB6 rOB6p~T. HSlMawe 6eH3MH. Nadya. (A little later Nadya comes in. He M6>Kex Ai HanpsB~ HMllIO APyro ocBeH AS OCTSB~KOllSTa. HO " MMax HenpMSlTHoCTM KOllsTa.BMAftXeAMH n03HsT..ex AS 'tYR. OTMBawe Ha p860Ta C KOllsTa CM. she always used to come on time..l8CTMe. Ka>KMKaKB6 ce .) 3a ll. OTA8I1N KaKSO npesewe? rosopewe C &AMH nonM. SOHH AHTOHOB 3alll6 ~ HftMa 6ll1e H8.HOHe 6ewe C KOllS. TM3Hsew 11M 3alll6 ~ HftMa? HftMaM npeACTSBa.na KynYB8we CMs6cTHMK.qR? npeAM BMHarMMABawe HaBpeMe. KaKB6H 6ewe Ha KOllsTa? (Evasively.. (General mirth.. Aa. ~3BMHSlBaMTe3a 3aKbCHeHMeTo. TaM.ewe AS 38nanM OT HAKonKo AftM He pa66Tewe Ao6P' He Mo. nOllM4S~T H nOKs3Bawe 3HsKa Cn~PAHETO 3A6PAHEHO. M6~ n03HST MMawe ry6a C 6eH3MH B 6ar8>KHMKa. 6611Ha11M e? He. KaKB6 npsBewe? rOB6pewe C eAMHnOllM48M npeA 6611HM4aTa. MMneHa H8AR SOAH AHTOHOB 3alll6 He HMK8>KeWKaKBS 6ewe nOBpeAaTa n6T6"'lHO? E. npeACTSBa KaKB6 My e. n6-A06pe MAMBeAHsra Ha cePBM31 SOHH AHTOHOB MMneHa SOHH AHTOHOB MMneHa SoHH AHTOHOB nP8AM BMHant "AB8we HaspeMe.

I'm very surprised. IIMaM BeupUTBOCTH C KOJlaTa.H? Hli.aTa.a napdpa Ha)J. How do you say it? • Saying that something has gone wrong . .l ~ i Questions 1 Try to answer the questions.D. K8KB6 CTliBa? The shower is not working.a HaMepH nOBpe)J. KoraTo H BHM? r-H AHTOHOB. KOHTO CHKynjBame BeCTHHK.3amo CH Y'ly)J.T Be pa60TH.mOTO BpeMe at the •• same time and ope3 QUOTO BpeMe all that time • or in accompanying phrases introduced by KoniTo when. 60JIHa JIH e Ha. t .D. HeHHHHTn03HaT He Moxa )J.HBH)J. Hli. TH rOBopeme C e.D.lVl K'b)J. 38 ~ fortunately/luckily unfortunately Unit 5) I've no idea. but it can also be mentioned either: • in phrases like B TO BpeMejust then. KSKB6 npaB8W8 TJI? What was she doing? Examples based on the dialogue: 2 True or false? a b c d e f IIoJIHQau nOKli3Bame Ha Ha.D.H oTHBame Ha pa60Ta. AcaucL6p1>T e DOBpe~eB.eHe TpR6Bame )J. • Saying Fortunately 3a lQaCTBe (cf. B TOBa BpeMe MOHTn03H3.nOBp8AaTa HMaqOOC66eHO 6eH3MH Tj6a 6ar8lKHMK Cn8AB8IqMA n'bT the fault nothing speciaVnothing petrol canister much KaKB6 ce CJIYtut? KaKB6 HMa? KaKB6 CTua? • Answering Nothing special HiIno oc66eao. She was talking to a policeman.H. these are background actions accompanying the description of a past event In all such cases you need to use a set of past forms known as the past imperfect. Ha)J. The car has broken down.eH. TH KaKBOK3. Ha)J.HH nOJIHQaH.H.a.lVl ome He e Ha pa60Ta? HHKOJIaH.HH n03HaT.K'b)J.lVl.3Bame 3HaKa. The fault is in the engine.06pe KaKBo MY e Ha MOTopa.ZUun.H 3Haeme )J.KaKBOnpaBeme Ha. What happened? Whats the matter? Whats up? Whats going on? 221 bootltrunk next time go to a garage/service immediately station MAMHAHira Ha cepBM31 • Expressing ignorance or surprise HDaM ope~CTaBa. KOJIaTa HMame cepHo3Ha nOBpe)J. The policeman was showing her the sign.lVl? HHKOJIaH. that describe another action with the 'ordinary' past tense: IIpe3 QMOTO BpeMe MHJIeHa All that time Milena was talking rOBopeme (past imperfect) on the phone. The lift is out of order.ee cePBH3'bT.a oCTaBHKonaTa npe)J.eII. no TeJIe4>oHa. IIoJIHQau B: nOKa. I'm having trouble with the car. KomiTa oa DOBpe~a. Nadya was going to work.'Ie Ha. nOBpe~aTa e B MOT6pa.D. BecTHHK.R e. TpR6Bame Hli.lVI )J. Ma6ro eLM Y'IY. DO ct. 60JIHHQaTa.T Just then my acquaintance was CH KynyBame (past imperfect) buying himself a newspaper. a b c d e f MHJIeHa.3a Ha nOJIHQaH? Grammar 1 The past imperfect You will fmd below examples of phrases··describing not completed actions in the past but actions that are seen as going on at a given past moment. • Asking What happened or What is the matter? What happened? Here the reference to another past event (which happened when this one was going on) is only implied.KaKBOce CJIYqHC KOJIaTa? Ha)J. Answer pretending to be the person to whom the question is addressed. Usually.

words like MBoro m. Nadya always used to come on time.z. (sHe) OTHB8XT8 you used to go! were going ••••• ••••••• Whenever you use time words like Bee all the time you also need the past imperfect: IloJIH~ajiT Bee MH rroKa3Bawe 3HaKa.a: -a. she..-pattern except those in (c) below: (83) (TM) ros6pex ros6pewe I was speaking you were speaking M6>Kex (HHe) ros6pexMe M6>KeXMe M6>KeXTe M6>Kexa M6>Kewe (SHe) ros6pene M6>Kewe (Te) ros6pexa (TO') (Tl'l) (TO) ros6pewe helshelit was speaking TJI BMH8rM MAB8we H8 BpeMe She always used to come on time You also need to use past imperfect forms for actions that were habitual or were repeated in the past. (a) Verbs adding past imperfect endings to -a-: all a-pattern verbs: (83) (TM) on1B8X oTHsawe I used to gol was going you used to go! were going (HHe) OTlo1B8XMewe used to gol were going omlTBawe Aa ce o6a. The times I've told her! I've told her many times.l(H. The main difference lies in the endings. But do note the change of -H-/ to in the you (singular) and he.TH how many times and Ifeao are used to reinforce this meaning: KoJIICOm.after . (1M) (TOM) (1lI) (TO) c:ro6wel AbpJK6we (Te) c:roRxal AbpJK8xa . except for he. (For) the pastfew days the engine has not been working properly Ten years ago Mr Antonov was working as a journalist.ax OT TpaMBajf. A3 npc)A'bIUK8sax PIJ K8paM The verb npo~B8M past imperfect because However. Ilperoi AeeeT rorolHH r-H AHTOHOBpa60Tewe KaYOJKYPHll. as shown below in to stand CTOH and to hold A1>p. the endings for the past imperfect with those for the simple past tense.-e- (83) c:roRxI AbIl'I<8X c:ro6wel AbpJK6we I was standing! holding you were standing! holding helsh6I/t was standingIhoIding (Hlle) (eMe) c:rORxMel AbplK6xMe c:roRxTel AbpJK8xTe we were standing! holding you were standing holding they were standlngIhoIding Very often you can conveniently use the past imperfect forms to convey the meaning of the phrase 'used to' (do something): Ilperoi HaM BJiHarH •••••• e HaBpeMe.(-a. she.m. ('ordinary' past') Nadya was going to work when I saw her. The policeman kept showing me the sign.TH H KhBax! KhBax H MHoro rrl. Frequently. Tjf '1ecro ••. KOJIKO m. it forms. Before.and .TH many times. even without forms to render English (doing something): HaM KonilTa I went on driving the car to continue.l(h. She often used to go by tram. 2 How to form the past imperfect As you can see from are almost identical the you singular and vowel preceding the the list below. lIecro jf Ba.HaM oniBawe (past imperfect) Ha pa6oTa. (b) Verbs adding past imperfect endings to -e-: most verbs of e. I often used to see her from the tram. (c) Verbs adding past imperfect endings to a stressed -H.•• TjBame e TpaMBaH. to go on is naturally used in the it describes the action as still going on. such a verb you can use the past imperfect expressions such as I went on and I kept (on) Nadya kept (on) trying to get through (on the phone) . If.lIHCT. (TOM} (Tl'l) OTHBaWe (TO) (Te) helshelit used to goIwas going oTHsaxa they used to gol were going ••••• ••••••• Note too that a similar meaning of continuing for a period of time is present in the following examples: OT HUOJIICOAHH MOTOp'bT He pa66Tewe Ao6pe. m): these can be either verbs of e. KoraTo jf BH. it forms.or of a-pattern with the stress on the ftnal syllable.

n. I've told her many times.a ce napdpa. Compare the following examples based on the dialogue (left-hand column)..a) OnBTaM HaM OmlTa . am allowed) TaM.n. Nadya kept trying to get through. Mora can. (Le.a) DOK33Ca IIoJIH:QaJlT MH nOICa3a 3HaICa. or.3Barne 3HaICa. you should note that when can really means being allowed or not allowed! . but the following examples will show in practice the difference in meaning in Bulgarian: past tense M03'aX Modx . The policeman showed me the sign.n. I told her yesterday. .n. She used to come on time. ilMaM (Unit 13) and Tpi16Ba (Unit 15) normally appear in the past imperfect only. (.H.3ax H B'Iepa.n.n.a napdpaM I can park there. 4 MO>K8X and MO>KeX I managedll (to do it) was able Vnlike the verbs used in the examples above. M03Cex .a ce o6li.n. oniITaaM HaM OmlTBarne .A. was/wasn't allowed) MO)l(ex .JI OTH.or not having! .the ability or potential to do something over a period of time.anapdpaM I could park there.n. It does.n.n. One couldln't park there. OTHaaM HaM OTJIBarne Ha pa6oTa. ~ . My acquaintance bought (himself) a newspaper. either. is/isn't allowed) Mora .a ce o6li. because you managed to achieve what you wanted.a o6J1cIci:. Past tense (used with perfective verb) (. in the past you should always use the past imperfect form of Mora.n.o~a B'Iepa TJI .n. perfective/imperfective like CbM. One can/cannot park there.m. (Le.n..n.to do something.n.n. as in the fIrst example. was allowed) TaM. That is why some verbs which make no distinction in the past form between.a) . still have both a past tense form M03Cax .nrapcICH. describe imcomplete actions (Unit 12). be able. 5 Mora Being allowed Finally.a rOBOpJl 6i.n. (Le. imperfect goes most naturally with imperfective verbs since they. He M03Cax . KYoYBaM MOJIT n03HaT CH KYDyBarne BeCTHHIC. too.neHa pa60Ta B ce. It is a state rather than an action.n. (. Last year I couldn 't/wasn 't able to speak Bulgarian.H. because you did not.e HaBpeMe.a) o.oii. The policeman was showing me the sign.nBarne HaBpeMe.n. with similar sentences in the right-hand column using the corresponding perfective 'twin': Past imperfect tense (used with imperfective verb) WaM TJI H. My acquaintance was buying (himself) a newspaper.' Yesterday she came on time.n. Here it is more a case of having .eM'1aca. I could have explained. Past imperfect M03'eX MHHaJIaTa rO. (.. It is not easy to make a clear distinction between the usage of the two forms in English. (Le.n. has nO proper perfective counterpart. (.a) KjIUl MOJIT n03HllT CH ICYnH BecTHHIC. Here there is a sense of having a go and then bringing the action to an end.n.3 Compare 'ordinary' past with past imperfect When you compare the two tenses you will see that the past.a ce napdpa.a Ha. however. as in the second. TaM (He) MO)l(erne . I did not manage to hear what you/he/she said. ~ DOK&3BaM IIo~aJIT MH nOIC3.a o6J1cml. Ka3BaM K3. I managed to explain.a '1yJl ICaICBO IC113a.3BaXH MHoro ni. Nadya went to work at seven o'clock.n.n. (. butdidn~.HHaHe M03Cex .and a past imperfect form M03Cex. Compare these present and past usages: Present TaM (He) MO)l(e.a) K33Ca K3.. .as you saw in Unit 15 .A. HO He 06J1CHHx.

•••••• """-I •••••• """-I 4 Practise saying what you used to do for a job by changing the sentences to the I form: a b c d 3A6PAHEHO HMa e Complete the short dialogues below.ll.ll.JI HCKame . TJI 1Ip0.e OTH.) liJIarO. HO He 3Haeme Kana e .RXMepyna r aMepHKllHIJ. Choose from the pair given with each set of sentences. IIpe)].H HUe pa60reXMe B 6maTa.apR. Be)].ll.ll.anJIanl _ Ha. TJI ___ )]. Toii: pa36pa. In this exercise you can check how good you are at distinguishing between repeated and single actions in the past.e HW.a.eHa.ll. b B'Iepa BHAAxTBOJI npHRTeJI. E)].ll.lUl a pa60Ta H TpaMBaii:.KoraTo oTHBame Ha pa60Ta. mB8lUe/Jaba? d f Ha HliM . ". 60JIHHIJ.e RXTe BHe.HHH HliM pa60reme B MY3eJl. mHO Ha pa60Ta. qaKame TpaMBaJl. ___ ? HHIQO oco6eHo.ll. KOJIaTa cnpR 60JIHHI:~aTa.!l::lK0P)].) K1>. B'Iepa BHAAx BHKTopHJl H .na. 'Ie He e nOBpe. BH)].aXO. ii MHJIeHa . m.e? i HliM BHHarH ii B'Iepa HliM b i r-H AHTOHOB '1~0 c e pliHo Ha pa60Ta. e c KYDYsax/KjmIx? i B'Iepa nO.HH aHrJIH'laHHH. __ ? HHIQooc66eHo. 'Ie He 3Hae K1>.) KaKBO npaBeme TOii:? (Say that he was speaking on the phone. 'Ie KOJIaTa _ nOBpe.ll. MMame HRKaKbBIIIYM (noise) .ll. a ~/lJ.JI HenpHRTHOCTH. Do not forget that repeated actions usually go with an imperfective verb and single actions with a perfective one.H Te pa60rexa B e)].TJI MHCJIeme. roBopeme C e)].aTa.JI He . Tom C Ha nJIli:lKa. ? HHIQo ocOOeHO.) MMame JIH MHoro xopa B1>B <!Joaii:eTo Ha XOTeJIa? (Say there was only one man.ll. Hrpaeme <!JyT6oJI. IIpe)]. IIpe)].ll.a.Exercises 1 In this story you will learn about Nadya's misfortunes with the car in a slightly different way.) KaKBo lIpaBeXTe? (Say you were waiting for a taxi.8HMara3HH.)IC KOJIHHC pa60Texa KaTo yqmeJIH npe)].H )].ll.HHnOJIHIJ.'Ie KOJIaTa HMa nOBpe.HH__ Ha HaM H nOMOrHa. B'Iepa BHMX HeBeHa.ll::lKop)]. E)].ll. or KaKB6 npaBexa? and the right personal pronoun.arOBOpJl C nopTHepa.Hara.e eme nOpTHep1>T(the doorman)? 6 (Say that he was standing in front of the hotel.rum KOmlTa Ha Ha. IIpe)].a OCTaBHKonaTa TaM.(CepBHTbOpKais waitress.aTa e 3a6paHeHO.BerO)].o6pe.ll.H.OBe. KYnYBaxa nJIO. B'Iepa Ha. .ll.neHa ___ .H TOii:pa66Teme KaTo cePBHTbOp. Can you choose the missing words from the list? OT HRKOJIKO. remember!) BHKTopHJIH . IIpoCTo (simply)} HRMame I ' 6eH3HH rn66a HMawe K8pa Kon8Ta B MOT6pa cePBH3 nOBpeABTa n03H8T npeA pa66Tewe c cnHpBHeTo TpR6Bawe a 3 Somebody has stolen your suitcase and a policeman is taking evidence from you. HliM He OTH. a B'Iepa BHAAxHHKOJIaii: H MHJIeHa.ll. ? HHIQO oco6eHo.aii: HCKame HaM .) K1>. ___ ? HHIQO oco6eHo. OTHBaxa Ha onepa.HHH.ap1>Ka 6paT MH. KoraTo TOBa ce CJIYqH? 6 (Say you were in the hotel. no~lii Bite no~lii Bite no~lii Bite n~lii Bite no~lii Bite no~lii Bite n~lii Kora CTaHa TOBa? (Say that it happened 15 minutes ago.H a3 '1~O ~. ? HHIQO oco6eHo.)IC KOJIHHc. 3aIQOTOHe 06H'Ia .HMHoro ro)]. inserting KllKBO npaaeme1.ll.ll.ll. HO TOii: Bee H nOKl13Bame 3HaKa CIIMPAHETO __ .ll. Answer his questions.60JIHHIJ. Read the" sentences out loud and then try to repeat them without looking.1>JDKaBame . B'Iepa BHAAxMeCamKo.a KOJIaTa.a My 06J1CHH.ll.oiJJ.aHe napmpa npe. IIpe.ll. 3 ii IIpe)].

• 3Ha.228 Do you understand? Dialogue In the Odessa Hotel outside the Collins' room. Ho TOMHe 3Hae A06p8 61. TOMHHKbAe He x6AH 683 MeHe. 1II3rne>KAaWeC'bBc8MA06pe. tap apart from. really! 6yK8T bunch MMn dear chambermaid KaMepMepKa oh dear me! onene! M8MCTOP workman (here: plumbei') KpaH ocBeH KaMepMepKa --. 3a6paBHxMe 3a KpaHa! Tp~6Ba 6i. •.) ~ecntT PO>KA6H AeH.. Ka>KeTe Ha pe4en4HSlTa. He c8 O83noK6MTe.-Hew e! well.) A06p6 YTPO.• M6ra caM Aa KjnSl 6yKeT 4BeT~' e r-H K6nMHC . a3 ~o BH~X r-H K6nHHC. MHna BHKH! 1 iI ..Re.) r-Jd K6nMHc A>KOPA>K. r->Ka K6nHHc.) M6nSl BH. MHcnSl. (Overhearing and joining in. TOM rOB6pewe C eAHa >KeHanp&A Bx6AS Ha M6pcKaTa rpaAHHa. rocn6>Ko K6nHHc! HHe BCH"'KH3HaexMe KbAe e r-H K6nHHc. r-Jd K6nMHc (Rather flustered.• ~e 3arjOHw e n1.. A3 BH~X r-H K6nHHC npeAM ManKO. -38W to go out pa3CeSiH absent-minded the tap is not working KP8H'bT ce pa3BanM to disappear (Aa) M3&te3Ha.P30 Aa ce 068AS1Ha MaMcTopa. (Seeing Mrs Collins in a state of agitation.wffi roCT Ha xOTena? KaKBH HerrpHRTHOCTH HMa r-)I(a KOJIHHC? KaKBo rrpaBeme r-H KOJIHHC.• ynH4aTa He K8KTO e Tp~6Ba H ~e HMa HenpH~THOCTH. rOCT Ha x0T6na r-Jd K6nMHc rOCT Ha xoT6na r-)I(6 K6nMHC Questions 1 2 3 4 5 3am:o r-)I(a Kommc He MO)l(e ~a crrpe ~ma? KaKBo rrpaBeme r-H KOJIHHC. n6cne M'b>K1.T MH H3•. ~e npeee •. ~YxTe nH 38 KaKB6 rOB6pSlT? HH~o oc66eHO . OT e H~KonKo AHH AYWbT He pa66Tewe A06pe. HOHe MO>Kax BHASIKaKB6.AS.. He 3HM KbAe e M'b>KbTMH. Ho TOMHe no3H8Ba HHKoro TyK.. E.. there is a bouquet of birthday surprises for Victoria. e KpaH'bT e nOBpeAeH.TSI.) A3 c'b~O BH~X r-H K6nHHc..~e Tp~6Ba I Aa nnaTH rn66a. Aa (Produces a bunch of flowers from behind his back. Tp~6Ba Aa ro HaMepSi. KoraTo ro BH)l.• He M6ra Aa cnpa AYwa. aKB6 CTaHa? 3a~6 H3nH3aw C8M. ~e nHTaM nopTHepa A811H 3Hae KbAe e M'b>KbTMH. K6nKO nbTH My K83Sax Aa He H3nH3a C8MI TOM e T6nKoea pa3ceSiH. HO He pa36pax KbAe HCKawe AS OTHAe. niopBo KPaH'bTHa Aywa ce pa3BanH. KoraTo ro BW KaKBo 3Haexa BCH'IKH? nOPTMep rrOpTHep'bT? r-)I(6 K6nMHc nOPTM6p (Mr Collins appears at the end of the corridor. •. a cera H366~o He M6ra Aa ro cnpa. K 083 MeHe? CTPaxYBax ce. OTHBawe K'bM M6pcKaTa rpaAHHa. HenPH~HOCTH nH HMaTe? 3a C'b>KaneHHe. •. 6nene. OCBeH TOBa. r-H K6nHHC nHTawe 3a n0c6KaTa. -A r-)I(6 K6nMHC --. besides rp&AMHa garden A8J1M whether M3nM38M. KynYBawe He~. TaKa nH? MH6ro C'bMY"IYAeHa.nrapcKH.) -A i ~ecTHT PO>KAeHAeH.

C MH6ro eH cMeweH! CTaHan CH MH6ro pa3ceRH.. He CbM. HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa MHneHa. HanH? He. Cb>KanftBaM! BHHaTa e M6R HftMaM npeACTaBa KaK CbM HanpaBHn TaKaBa rpewKa.Ae CKY'-lHO. HO6l4e He CbM ce o6nftKna. HftMa 3Ha4eHHe. MMneHa KacMepKa 3an64Hano nH e npeAcTaBneHHeTo? 6l4e He. He CH 3a6paBHna.AeM 3aeAHO nonoBHH 'lac n6Be4e. He. CHrypHO CHce yMopHn OT MH6ro Y'-!eHe . l. Ho AanH e caMO OTY'-!eHee APyr Bbnp6c . MHneHa.AeM TaM B ceAeM. BpeMeTO e X}/6aBO.. Be4e CbM peWHna KaKB6 Aa 06neKa. 6l4e He CH rOT6Ba. aK6 He ce 06ne4ew n66bp30. npeACTaBneHHeTO 3an64Ba B ceAeM 4aca. 0. TaKa l4e 6i. 'Ie Ta3H Be4ep CMe Ha 6nepa. They've made it for 7 o'clock but the place looks suspiciously empty.. CbrnaceH CbM. MHcnR Aa Be4epRMe 3aeAHO cneA npeAcTaBneHHeTo. He cbM. cnY'-!Ba ce.DDialogue Nikolai has come to collect Milena for the opera but finds she is not yet dressed for going out.. They go to the ticket office. MH6ro ce CbMHftBaM. ! (After a pause. XalllAe. 6RX R nOKaHHna npeAH Aa K5'nHw 6HneTH 3a 6nepa. HftMa Aa HH6i.4e 6i. HHKora He cbM 6Hn T6nKOBa pa3ceRH. Aa. 6l4e nH He CHe OTHwna? OrHAe CHnpeAH neTHalllceT MHHYrH. KaKB6 npaBH Aocera? EAHa npHftTenKa AOIIIAe Ha r6cTH. XalllAe Aa ce pa3x6AHM. rOCn6>KH4e. HftMa Aa 3aKbCHeeM. Pa36Hpa ce.. l4e 3aKbCHeeM.npeACTaBneHHeTO e OT ceAeM H nonOBHHa. MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM In this unit you wlllieam • how to talk about results: things that did or did not happen in the past and have affected the present • how to say you have forgotten something • how to talk about your leisure . 231 t i 1 CD s' ::I DI -- HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa HMKonaM MMneHa •••• Q) Outside the opera house. groaning and throwing up his arms. Be4epRn nH CH? He.) AMH cera?! KaKB6 ce e cny4Hno? He cbM B3en napH! 3a6paBHn CbM rM B A>K66a Ha A>KHHCMTe H. M6>KeAa CHK5'nHMcnaAoneA.

. We won't be bored.CTaBJIeHHeTo6me He e 3an6'IHaJIo. H.euae. Have you had supper? No. Hasn't she gone yet? if you don't get dressed performance I vel)' much doubt it. It's my fault..CTaBJIeHHeTO? KaKl. KaK C'bM Hanp8BMn TaKaBa rp6wKa XaiAe A8 ce pa3X6AMM.. how I made such 2 True or false? a b c d e r MHJIeHa 6ewe nOKaHHJIa e)]. AOC·ri ~HanpMs1TenKaAoMAe SRX R nOKaHMna. Ine 3aX1>CHeJlT. I very much doubt it. until now a friend came I had invited her.H.n. C 233 1 ::. funny You have become vety absent-minded.l(JIara HHKOJIaii . C'bM.Lq)yr B'LopOc. H. Ha HHXOJIaii me MY e CX:Y. I have already made up my mind. 3an6'tHano nM e npctACT8BneHM8TO? BMHaTa e M6R.n.n. e r KaKB6 He e HanpaBHJIa MHJIeHa? Onl:wJIa JIH CH e npHiTeJIKaTa Ha MHJIeHa? Kora npe. a different matter • Asking someone if they have eaten Be'lepJIJI(a) JIB CH? Be'lepJIJIB JIB CTe? Have you had supper? Have you had supper? • Expressing disbelief C'LMHDaM ceo Maoro ce C'LMHDaM. Has the performance started? It's my fault.n.n. • Expressing panic and confusion AMB cera?! 6JIeJJe! • Saying I've made up my mind Now what?! Oh dear me! Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. I doubt it. C'bMHs1B8M. That's a different matter.H HHXOJIaii . e'bM ce 06ns1K11a. ee 06n8'tew n~CTaBneHM.a XYuH6HJIeTH. You must have got tired with all that studying .3am6To MHJIeHa 6me He e pewHna xaxB6 .n. B8't6pRn nM CM? H. It's not true. TOBa e . CMrypHO CMce yMopMn OT MH6ro Y'ieHe ••• HMKora He C'bM 6Mn T6nKOBa pa3CeRH. HHXOJIaii HiMa llpe. I have never been so absent-minded. a b c d ue'le C'LM pemBn(a). APyrB'bnp6c you haven't forgotten I haven't dressed yet. HHXOJIaii Be'le e Be'lepJlJI. E s.B e CTaHaJI HHKOJIaii? OT KaKB6 ce e yMOpliJI HHKOJIaii cnope.a Be'lepn? 3am6 He e 3an6'IHaJIo npe. . IIpe. MH6ro e. t • • ••••• CO How do you say it? • Acknowledging guilt BBHaha e MOJI. B••.a o6JIe'le. AMM cera?1 KaKB6 ce e cnY'iMno? He C'bM B38n napMI 3a6p8BMn C'bM rM B A*66a Ha A*MHCMT8 CM. 0•• nM H.n. Hs1MaA8 HM6'bAe CKj'tHO. MHJIeHa? .•• C'bM pewMna. eM 386p8BMna 0114.Ha npmlTeJIKa npe.. The fault is mine. And now what?! What's happened?/ What's the matter? I haven't taken any money! I must have left it in the pocket of my jeans.IHO MHJIeHa.CTaBa xax e HanpaBHJI TaxaBa rpewxa. I haven't. a mistake Let's go for a walk.n. He e Btlpno. eM • oTMwna? aK6 H. MOJi e BBHaha. • Making little of something IUMa 3B8. CMeW8H CraHan CMMH6ro pa3CeRH.

IJ.HJIB (gone. You are not interested or not sure when it happened.all.) .) can never come ftrst in a sentence.e Here are some examples based on the dialogue corresponding to an English form using have or has: He cl. Ome JIH He CH e oTHuma? 3ano'IHaJIo JIH e npe. 3anO'IHaJIB (begun) Irregular past participles Now for some irregular past participles: (a) With verbs ending in -cox. Normally eLM (or CR. Very often the meaning of result is reinforced by words like already or 6me Be not yet.IJ.) The past participle in Bulgarian ends in -JI in the masculine. 2 How to form the present perfect tense As in English. Here is a list of forms in all persons for ae'lepRM. 3anO'IHaJIa. for it changes its ending to -Jla in the feminine.OHecu. Hasn't she gone yet? Has the performance started? It hasn't started yet. neuter and plural: 06Jci:KOX . 3a6paBHJlO. Bulgarian uses the present forms of C'ltM together with a distinct form of the main verb. You will find a list of past participles in the Appendix.M 3a6paBHJIa.HX Be'lepgx BHAAx 3anO'lHaX Past participle 3a6paBHJI.IJ. Be'lepjlJIB (dined) BHMJI. -JIB. you need a special tense to talk about actions that happened in the past. -:lOX. eLM (or CR. Word orger is particularly awkward when you have to use a verb with ce like Ome He cl. -Jla. but you can think of it as an adjective. i I il s' t ae-. When the past participle comes fIrst. however. t 1 i' ~ Q) i Be'lepj[JIH CTe/ He CTe Be'lepjlJIH Be'lepjlJIH ca/ He ca Be'lepjlJIH you have! have not had supper they have/ have not had supper 235 Word order with this tense is awkward.06JIeKJIB* (dressed) . peIlIHJIB (decided) XO.e. However. notice. but the results of which are still evident in the present.IJ. 3a6paBHJla.IJ.HJJ. have made and has started in the translations of the sentences you have just read. etc. as in English. that eLM (or CR.OHeeJJabrought) ( JI (*See Unit 8 for the change from to e. peIlIHJla.oHecox 06Jci:K'LJJ.IJ.in the feminine.M ce o6Jci:KJIa I haven't got dressed yet. e.IJ.OHeCJJa. -JIG-. BH. MHJIeHa He e 3a6paBHJIa. BH. as in the He (negative) forms above. XO. instead of have or has.IJ. as in the positive forms on the previous page. You will remember. Be'lepjlJla. .IJ. We can call this the present perfect tense. Nikolai has made a mistake. replace -ox by -'LJJ and drop the -'L. and in the following examples: HHKOJIaif e HanpaBHJI rpelliKa.HJJa. .IJ.OH~O. BH. 06Jci:KJlO.M Be'lepjlJI(a) Be'lepj{JI(a) CHI He CH Be'lepjlJI(a) Be'lepj{JI(a) e/ He e Be'lepjlJI(a) Be'lepjlJIH CMe/ He CMe Be'lepj[JIH I havelhave not had supper (i.RJla.) comes immediately before the past participle. Notice the word order! Be'lepjlJI(a) CoM/ He cl. XO. e.Again a look at the Appendix will help! Past tense 3a6paBHx peIlIHx XO. 3a6paBHJIB (forgotten) peIIIHJI. (In English this is the form used with have or has in have forgotten. In the Appendix you will fmd a table setting out the relative positions of eLM and ceo ••••• CO I haven't forgotten.IJ. Be'lepjlJlo. etc.CTaBJIeHHeTo? Ome He e 3anO'IHaJIo. The form often ends in oed or -en. . e. walked) Be'lepjlJl. Milena hasn't forgotten.IJ. peIlIHJlO. -JlO in the neuter and -JIB in the plural. xO.o6Jci:KJJa.RJlO. You usually use it when you are focusing on the effect a past action has on the here and now.IJ. called the past participle.IJ. dined!) you have! have not had supper he/she has! has not had supper we have! have not had supper 3 How to form past participles Regular past participles To form regular past participles you start from the past I form of the verb and replace the ending -x by -Jl. etc. . the present perfect is made up of two parts.234 Grammar 1 B6'te C'bM peWMn(a) I have already made up my mind In Bulgarian.eJIB (seen) 3anO'IHaJI.) comes immediately after it.HJlO.-KOX(Unit 14). 3anO'IHaJIO.

eB Ii6poBeu.-~) has come.a ce 06Jled I must get dressed ce 06Jleqew you must get dressed ce 06Jleqe you/shelit must get dressed ce 06JleQeM we must get dressed ce 06JleQeTe you must get dressed ce 06JleKaT they must get dressed A3 ce 06nB:Kox/06nB:KOX ce TH ce 06JleQe Tou/TJllTo ce 06JleQe HHe ce 06nB:KOXMe BHe ce 06nB:KOXTe Te ce 06miKoxa I got dressed You got dressed He/she/it got dressed We got dressed You got dressed They got dressed 5 The past perfect liD JI nOK8aBJIa (npe.H.by -'1. like the English.to -R.l1.HJlHJIH CTe B IIapH:lK? Have you (ever) been to Paris? He .in its past forms.JJ!Unit 6).ll.ouri.OW'bJl. HHKora He c'bM 6HJl T6JIKOBamacTnHB.lJ.a)oTiiJJ. B3eJlO.lJ. 7 <.(Unit 8): Present TpRoBa .:lK6HC1>H KOJla Hae H oTl!:)l. you replace -K.a.. BMeB_XT. It differs from the ~resent perfect tense only in that you use the past forms of to be mstead of the present. B_X8 we took you took they took (c) The past participle of C1>M 6HJl. Yes.8)HaeMa to rent (Unit 11) and (JJ.l1.lI.ZJ.a) npUeMa to accept and some other verbs related to (. You will recognize . I've never been to Moscow. HHKo.ahas 01'Bun. 6HJla. He c'bM. without the participle XO. 6 <.rn1. -IDJIO.HJl No.ZJ.lJ.ll.-UlJlB) gone fo~ its past participle.U 6me He e . (See Unit 11.lJ. Nikolai has not yet come.ouri.HJlC1>M. arrived. the shift of stress means that you have to change the first -e. ( neuter and plural: IIpHkTeJIKaTa MH 6me He CHe omWJla. First. I haven't. My friend has not yet gone./ He. notice.ouri.lJ. You need this form . I had invited her (before you bought tickets). . Te npHexa nodHaTa. you drop the -1>-in the feminine. nKora He c'bM x6.ll. -IUJIO. HHKora He c'bM 6HJla B I've never been so happy. Second. x6. 4 Ever and never with the present perfect The present perfect is frequently used in statements and questions including or implying the adverbs ever and never: X6. I have.) B3eJl.ZJ. Michael Johnson rented a car and went to Borovets.JJ(-lUJIa. in the past. No.oi.aKYmnn 6HJleTH).5 for a special use of the Bulgarian present where English has present perfect haslhave been after OT. 6RJIH is CO -r.ll. T.in the same way: MaUK'hJl .to refer to events that took place before other past events.a) :reMa(Unit 16) also lose the B -M. I've never been to Paris'! B IIapb. and also in its past participle: Past tense 83 B38X TM B38 I took you took took HMe B3IixM. Here is a list of all forms of the verb to go: 83 6AX OTMw'bll/-wna TM 66we OTMW'bnl-wna TOM66we OTMW'bn TA 66we OTMwna TO 66we OTMwno I had gone youhsdgone he had gone she had gone ithsdgone Hl1e 6Rxue OTMwnM Bile 6RXTe OTMwnll Te 6Rxa OTMwnll we had gone you had gone they had gone . (TOM) (TR) } B38he/she/it (TO) Mocm.ll.06pe .JI from the expressiOn .lJ.Qa) B3eM8 To take This verb loses the -M. Note that in Bulgarian the negative answer is.(b) (.a .llJl.JI (-lDJla. They accepted the invitation.a) npeceKa to cross (the street). Here too.a) .the past perfect tense . B3eJIH (taken) The verbs (. 6HJl6.lJ.lJ.before all endings containing -e-.Qa)ce 06neK8 To get dressed. <As) ce C'b6neK8 to get undressed A number of sound changes occur in these verbs and also in (. and (JJ. B3eJla.ll.

who has taken you out.. CbM. but now can't find: :1:::I ••••• HanpaBHJI.noMam. He.na 06JIeKa Contin~g with our absent-minded. M complete the other sentences in the same way: . A3 _ . in Bulgarian.BeTH! KYuHJI60H60HH! HanpaBHJI Ka4>e! Now you say it is not true (He BBpHO). HHKOJIaH e . r-)I(a AHToHoBa _ HHMaIIIe .. But it is still worth trying! 6 a b e d HHMaIIIe 6Hpa. 4 A friend. HO cera ro uHMa. CTaHaJI C'hMMHoro pa3cem! Now imagine: a b e You are a woman and you have forgotten to take an umbrella.ncTaBa. who still has not got over the tnlld s. HHKOJIaHe BH)I(.noHeCbJI :U. JIH. What would you say? Don't forget the second half of the answer! 5 Read the sentences on the next page and then. Exercises 1 Practise using the present perfect by rearranging the words so as to reproduce sentences from the dialogue. forgetful heroes.? ce. what would you say if you thought you'd taken. npe.ipa. using the model: HHMallie MJIHKO. it is Nadya who has done all these things.nollIiJI! . ? pellIHJIa.na KYrruMJIfio.KaKBo. TaKllBa . or undressed. e. HJIeHa 6ellIe 3a6paBHJIa .. ! CnY'IHJIO. KaK. They mcreasmgly speak Bulgarian to one another. 06mlKJIa rpellIKa. ce . George.? Ask the following people the same question: a b a young girl the couple sharing your table e d an elderly gentleman a small boy Base your answers on the model: B3ex '1a. r-H AHTOHOB _ HHMallie XJllI6.. CbM. HHKOJIaH e BH)I(. HHMaM. ome. You and your partner have forgotten to take any money.lUlJIH JIH CTe B liopoBe:u. r-H H r-)I(a I<OJIHHC HHMawe ra3Hpaua Bo. 3anO'IHaJIO .. HHKOJIaHe BH)I(..ncTaBJIeHHeTO. KaKBo.na. Don't forget to make the participle feminine! e 3 The receptionist at the Odessa hotel asks Mr and Mrs Collins whether they have been to Borovets: XO. has stayed back at the hotel. . Do you understand? Dialogue Victoria Collins cO?1es back from the beach.D. CHrypHO C'hMro 3ary6HJII a. You are a man and you have forgotten to take a camera. CbM. suddenly says: 3a6paBHJI C'hM. CD d a e 2 Read the sentences below in which a friend is inviting you to see what Nikolai has done: a b e d BH)I(. these sound changes may seriously undermine your desire to talk about getting dressed. a b e e. npe. Be'le.238 1 E DI t I CD What with the rules for positioning ee.na B3eMa napH.unstro~e he suffered in Unit 15.

TOH Be"le e 610111 TaM. He e BslpHO. nMTaH eppaH4Y3lo1HaOT CbCeAHaTa CTliR.cera ~ewe AS M6>t<ew Aa x6AIo1WHa n118>1<. He M6>t<ew TH Aa pa36epew! CKY'-lHO MIo1 IAM BORED! e! C'b>t<811slBaM. O~e He CM ce 06mlKbll.u.Teach Yourself Bulgarian. -<tMW to learn MrpM1q8 38 roncl» golf course CTMK C'bC8AeH.e? 2 KaKBO MY e Ha Hero? 3 KaKBo He e Kll3aJIa .enrpae ~OproK? 6 KOD Beqe e nrpaJI romp Ha 3JIaTHH nkbD.u? In this unit you wlilleam • how to complain if things go wrong • how to distinguish between reporting what you know first hand and what you know from other sources . Ho rnaB{lTa 6~e Me 60m1. npeAnollaraM. KaKB6 CH npaBIo111t¥illa CYTPIo1H? 4eTOX y"le6HIo1Ka no 6bllrapCKIo1 .oceni BUKTOpURHa ~OproK? 4 KaKBo He e B3eJI ~OproK? 5 C KaKBHCTHKOBeIIJ. A>t<oPA>K? r6pe-A611y. -T8W golf club next (door). K'bAe MMa Io1rpM~e? Ha 311aTHIo1 slC'b4101. "le ~e M6>t<ew Aa B3eMew cTMKoBe nOA HaeM. XaHAe Aa OTMAeM! A06pe.240 t i BMKTOpM" A*°PAlK BMKTOpM" 1 :so i KaK ce "lyBcTBaw.A>t<oPA>K. A C KaKB6 ~e Io1rpliR? He CbM B3ell cTMKoBeTe CH. MH6ro CH HaY'-lIo111. Ho 6~e He CMe 06slAB811Io1. VI Be"le AIDi<e MMa xY6aBa 6Mpa. -AHa '1eTa. Ho HslMa Io1rpM~e 3a romp! BIo1KT6pIo1R. BMKTOpM" A*OPA'K A*oPAlK BMKTOpM" A*oPAlK BMKTOpM" A*°PAlK BMKTOpM" A*OPAlK BMKTOpM" KaKB6 H6BO HaY'-llo1? B D'bllraplo1R MMa xY6aBO Mope. up and down) rope-Aony <As) Harta. n TOBa e 611M30AO BapHa. TaKa 11101? 3a~6 He CMMIo1 Ka3811a Aocera? He CMMe nMT811. B D'b11raplo1RMMa xY6aBO BMHO. neighbouring to read Questions 1 KaKBO ro 60mf ~OproK oIIJ. HMKora He CMe x6AIo111101 TaM. so-so (lit. ~e OTMAeM.BIo1HaTae TB6R! AK6 He 6ewe CTOslll Ha CllbH4e T611KOBa. TyK MMa Io1rpM~e 3a VI romp. MH6ro A06pe.

BCM~KO ~e nOnp8BMM. a b KaKB6 HCKa 6H3HecMeHbT? KaKBH OlIJIllKBaHHR HMa Ton? 3aw:6 e myMHa cnlRTa My? 3aw:6 6H3HeCMeHbT He M6:lKe )J. As lLIe rOBopSl C ynpaBI1TenSl. (he said) he had an important meeting (he said) he'd be back (he said) there was a lot of ~ Other hotel residents too complain of the noise. apart from that noise The music doesn't stop all night. "Ie He MO>Kenl1 cnSlT OT WyMS Ha TpaMBSI1Te. rOCnOAI1HbT OT CTSSlCTO 11ABaHsMceTa I1CKa Aa CMeHI1cTSSlTaCI1.Ll.. "Ie KOHTSKTbT sa caMo6pbCHS4Ka He pa6oTen. BeHTl1nSTOpbT B 68HSlTa e pasBaneH.K8>K11 MY.a qaKa? ceKpeTapKa YnpaBMTen HeBeHa c d . OCB8H TOBa WyM MY3MKaTaHe cnMpe 4Ma tfOII4.TaM e nO-TI1XO. CTSSlTae T04HO HaA pecTopsHTa 11Mysl1KaTa He cm1pa 4s1na HOlLl! 0. Aa Aa. n04sKaMTe BbB epoaMeTo. ~eonMTaM ynp8BMTen OT KaKB6 ce onnaKBa? KOtt1'8KT1tT38 C8Mo6p'bcH8<tK8 He pa66T8n npo36P814'bT 6Mn c~yneH BeHTMnaTOp'bT M Ten~H'bT 6MnM pa3BaneHM He e T6nKOBa CTp8WHO. director What~hecompmmmgabom? (he says) the shaver socket doesn't work (he says) the window is broken (he says) the extractor fan and the telephone aren't working That's not so terrible. 243 s· I: i ::. Ao6pe. I: !!l CD DDialogue Nevena is listening to the complaints of a businessman who has not been lucky with his room. He e TonKOBa CTpSWHO. He ce 6esnoKoMTe. ~CKa APyra CTSSI."Ie BCl14KOlLIe nOnpSBI1M. KaTo ce BbpHe. He CbM AOBoneH OT cTIDna. (they say) they couldn't sleep because of the noise from the trams Then we'll put him in a room on the twelfth floor. VI APYrl1 rOCTI1ce onnSKBaT OT WyM. "Ie I1Man B8>KHaCp9lL18. SHSSI. the room you have given me What is wrong? shaver socket broken extractor fan is broken/has gone wrong Last night the phone. KOHTaKTbT sa caMo6pbCHa4Ka npOSOpe4bT e c4yneH. MMan B8JKHa cpe1q8 ~ A8 ce BitpHe MMaIlO MH6ro wyM M APyrM r6CTM ce onnaKBaT OT WyM. OT KaKBo ce onnsKBa? KssBa. Ll. salLloTo I1MaM B8>KHa CpelLl8.) HeBeHa SM3HecMeH <01 HeBeHa 5M3HecMeH HeBeHa (Later. cb>Kans1BaM.\e Onl1TaM Aa BI1 HaMepSl nO-Ao6ps CTSSl. . went wrong. MonSl. E. Ynp8BMTen HeBeHa YnpaBMTen HeBeHa I want to change my room. He M6JKenM A8 cnJIT OT wyMa Ha TpaMBaMTe ToraBa ~e ro Cn6JKMM B CT8Jt Ha ABaHaMceTMJI eTU. Kssa. SM3HecMeH Ao6p6 YTPO. I'll try manager. nposope4bT 611n C4yneH. KOATOCTe MM A6nM KaKBM onnaKBaHMJI MMaTe? KOtt1'8KT1tT C8M06p'bcH8<tK8 38 ~yneH B8HTMnaTop e pa3BaneH CH6~M M Ten~6H'bT ce pa3BanM. CT8JtTa.\e ce BbpHa B xOTena KbM weCT 4aca. CHOlLll1 11 TeneepoHbT ce paSBanl1! OCBeH TOBS. too. KaKBI1 onmiKBaHI1S1I1MaTe? He pa60TI1. "Ie acaHcb6pl1Te pa60TSlT! ::.IIli III I»Dl :z: s 1lI . in the manager's office.salLloTO I1ManO MHoro WyM OT pecTopsHTa.242 s.\Sln Aa ce BbpHe KbM weCT "lacs. I1Ma MHoro WyM. Cera He Mora Aa 4SKaM. KssBaT. TorsBa lLIe ro CnO>KI1MB CT8JI Ha ABaHSMceTI1S1T8>K.) HeBeHa YnpaBMTen HeBeHa MCKaM A8 cMeHA CT8JtTa CM. CTSSlTaMy lLI9 6i>Ae HapeA· CTPaxYBaM ce. rocno>lo14e! ~cKaM Aa cMeHsl cnislTa CI1. We'll put everything right. rOCnOAI1He. Hero ro HslMa. KOs1ToCTe MI1 Aanl1.s I 1<0 Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. "Ie naK Hs1MaAa 6i>Ae AOBOneH. MHoro A06pe. e Ao6ps I1AaR Aa ce HWBaMe. Ll. :II: 5 IDo ~ :II: 1lI 0 I z •. s 0 ::::I ::. BeHTl1nSTOpbT 11Teneep6HbT 611nl1paSBaneHI1.

a cMeuH crabrra CR. . 'Ie 6uJI AOBOJIeHOT cTaRTa. Ka3a. In Bulgarian.a.'bT OBJIc.lI.RJI a ce BbpHe CJIeAMaJIKo. • Reassuring someone He ce 6elnoKoiiTe! It was not possible for us to ask you to talk about the journey yourself. True or false? a b C d e liu3HeCMeH'bT Ka3a. HMaMBa:lKHacpeIIJ. MCKaM))..J You will have noticed in the dialogue that when Nevena repeats the businessman's complaints she puts them in a slightly different form: 6aluecMeu HeBeua 6aluecMeu HeBeua 6a3uecMeu HeBeua KOHTllKTLT ue paooTH. So are history books.yneu.. . Te (r-H U r-:lKa KOJIHHc) DpucTilm8JIH K'bM ceAeM '1aca.X<HapeIIJ. She is only passing the information on. unless. IIp030pen. liu3HeCMeH'bTKa3a. to answer from 'first-hand experience': K'bM KOJIKO '1aca npUCnITHaxTe? KaK 6eme n'bTYsaHeTO BU? What time did you arrive? How was your journey? • Recognizing requests for possible complaints ffMaTe JIB onmiKBaHHJI? KaKBa OnmiKBaHBJIHMaTe? OT KaKBo ce onmiKBaTe? Is there anything wrong? What complaints do you have? What is your complaint? (The doctor may ask you this too!) • Expressing dissatisfaction He eLM )). KORTO ca My AaJIH. KOHTaKT'bT ue paOOTeJI. • Saying something isn't working ACauCLOp'bTue paooTH. c •••• CD How do you say it? • Asking to have something changed MCKaM )). of course. Go back briefly to the questions after the dialogue in Unit 13.pyrH rocTu cbIIJ..a. II'bTyBaHeTo OUJIOllpUKTHO. the writer was an eye-witness to the events described.. IIpo30peI{LT e c. Dae KOJIHHc r-xc' BBe K6JIHHc IIpucTilmaXMe K'bMceAeM '1aca. A )l. you have to observe a clear distinction between what you know from first-hand experience and what you know from other sources. as it were. 'Ie) HM8JlOMHoro myM (He said) there was a lot of noise. Every so often in the book so far we have actually found it quite difficult to avoid these renarrated forms. Cera.yneu. retelling the events. The lift isn't working. You only read about it in the dialogue! Let's now compare Mrs Collins' answers with what you would need to say if you were 'renarrating' what she answered: r-xc.'bT e c.OBOJIHa OT XOTeJIa. ~ ::I s 0 ::I ::I III DI ••• l'i :z: s :II .yneu. The shower has gone wrong. OrJIeAaJIOTO (the mirror) 6uJIO c'lyneHo.. because you were not a participant. The window is broken. The form which Nevena uses shows that she is conveying second-hand information and that she has not herself been a witness to any of the events or facts she is presenting.yUfLTe pUB8Jleu. 'Ie B CTaRTa My UMaJIOMHoro myM OT peCTopaHTa. especially in the exercises.a ce R1Buml. TOM IIJ. • Apologizing MCKaM)). That is why the verb forms she is using are called renarrated forms.244 s· I: e f 2 OT KaKbB myM ce onmlKBaT U APYrU rocTu Ha XOTeJIa? K'bAe npeMara ynpaBuTeIDIT Aa CJIO)l(aT6u3HecMeHa? Grammar 1 Renarrated forms (Kaba. for example. Fairy tales are written using the renarrated forms. I'd like to change my room.a ce ow •••..O ce OnJIaKBaJIH OT myMa Ha TpaMBauTe .oBoJIeul)). 'Ie HM8JIBli. IIp030pen. II'bTyBaHeTo oeme npUKTHo. You were asked there to imagine you were Mrs Collins and.

She's given him a letter. If the hotel residents had complained in the past tense (He M03CaXMe )].aJI e)]. He's given me a letter. They've given her a book.a CllHMOT mYMa). you put the short pronoun for the person who is given something between the appropriate form of eLM and the past participle: A3 eLM TB )]. It is an irregular form. you will fmd a slightly fuller set of tables enabling you to recognize some additional forms.KORTO CTeMMA'nM: where to put the short indirect object pronoun In present perfect sentences such as CTallTa. They have arrived. You may remember Nevena saying the businessman would be back about six: liBluecMen Deaena ~e ce Bi.lI.Ha KHHra.H6 nHcM6. As an imperfective form it is suitable for reproducing the present or past imperfect tense. r-:lKa K6nHHC e npeBena HHKOnKO KHnrH. the past participle loses the last three letters: -)].ox): A3 CbM qen Ta3H KHnra. You will see that the secretary repeats a complaint made by other hotel residents: He M03CeJIB cnRT OT myMa Ha TpaMBaHTe. both here and in the Appendix. ~1IJI )]. as each tense has its equivalent renarrated version. )].. It is therefore suitable for reproducing things said in the past tense. however.. I have read this book. Te ca npHCTllrnaJIH. -JlO. TII My e ~8JIa e)].pHe KbM mecT qaca. Mrs Collins has translated a number of books. you'll surely manage to cope. -D) comes from the past form for completed actions M03Cax (Unit 15).W are the past participle forms of the verb ()]. 3 Renarrating present and past events Go back to the dialogue earlier in the unit. -JIB: cTaRTa.Ha KHHra.Ha KHHra. as with 'led to read (past: ••hox) and ()]. 6 CT8RT8. -0.a cmIT OT myMa Ha TPaMBaHTe. TII and TO.a ce Bi. Te ca II e)]. -JIB.2 How to construct the renarrated forms Getting to grips with all the Bulgarian renarrated forms would be a pretty formidable task.aJl. The form M03CeJIH )].pHa KbM meCT qaca. the short pronoun comes before the verb to be: TOR MB e ~aJI e)]. and if you've got this far. •••• 5 The present perfect of (Aa) A8M . the renarrated forms are all based on the past participles ending in -Jl. -0. you will only need to use one or two of them.a ce BbpHe ICbMWeCTI will be back about six (he said) When you want to renarrate things said in the future tense. -Jla. -D) comes from the past imperfect form M03Cex (Unit 17).Ha KHHra. so it is on these that we will concentrate.aJI e)]. usually in the he. You've given them a book. Luckily. -Jla. M03CeJI (-a. In the Appendix. Renarrated TOM npHcmrnarr. KOHTO CTe MH )]. the secretary would have said: He M03CW )]. ~w ~w With TOR. 4 I1IHnp.8JIa. she. For practical purposes. He has arrived.a) ~aM to give. because it is not directly derived from the past tense form ~li. You've given me a book.liJm the room you've given me CD •••• CD This happens with all verbs which end in -~ox or -TOXin the past. This makes them look like the present perfect tense which you came across in Unit 18. KOKTOCTe MB ~w. you merely replace me with IIUIJI (mua. -JlO.OX and then adds -Jl. Bne CTe 8M e)].~8JIO. We 've given him a book. TH CDMB )]. the difference between M03CeJIB and M03CW is in the type of past participle being used. The difference is that the renarrated form drops the e and ca. M03C8JI (-a. I've given you a book. .H6 nHcM6. Compare: Present perfect tense TOM e npHCTllrHarr. To be technical for a moment.W e)]. (I hear/they said) he has arrived. To start with. for many verbs the two participles are identical.Ha KHHra. it and they forms. muo or mw/meJIB) ~a . Hne CMe My )].a CllHMOT mYMa Ha TPaMBaHTe. )]. (I hear) they have arrived.zJ:ox(Unit 16). incidentally.a tells us that the original complaint was made in the present tense: He M03CeM)].a) upeae~a to translate (past: upeae)]. Instead of just replacing -x by -Jl. however.

a b C KoilTOwhere 7 Introducing a reason or cause: OT because of ~ CD The preposition OT corresponds to a number of expressions in English.rIa bM My JI6ma cnh. If necessary. She:S given him a bad room. still reading out loud.a CIDIOT rJIaB066JIHe. It form the pronoun comes before the verb to be.is followed by ~e pronoun in the I. Model: He ciM )). Note the possible English equivalents in these expressions taken from the dialogue: He CbM ~OBOJleHOT CTabrra CH.a cnH OT KOMapHTe(mosquitoes). M I've given him a bad room. but 10 the he.a CIDIOT ropeuuma (heat).OH npHcTHra B 6ceM qaca.When the past participle is the fIrst word in the sentence.ox BH rHo ETO rH.anu BH3HTHaKapTHqKa (business card). First read out loud the short dialogue: r-H H NK3 KOJIHHc nOpTHep He CTe HH )).anu. CYnaTa. she. CaMOJIeT'bT OT JI6H)). There is noise from the restaurant. ~ CD 9 )).rIa Y e JI6ma cniH. He MH xap6cBa.oB6JIeHI)).a cnHT OT myMa Ha rpaMBaHTe. complete the dialogues below. KOHTOCTe MH )).a CIDIOT MY3HKaTaB peCTopliHTa.OJIe)). )J. these sequences are preserved. CanarHTe. )). )). 2 Nothing is right in the restaurant. MMa myM OT pecTopaHTa. He MH xapeCBa. He MH xap6cBa.He CTe MH )).PYrHr6cTH ce OnJIaKBaT OT myM. . BHHOTO.aJII!KmOqOBeTe. how would you answer if you were not happy with: a 4 Read the following sentences in which you give several reasons why you cannot get off to sleep: a b C b C d the the the the price shop assistant waiter service station e r g the food (use xpaua) the quality of the photos (use Ka••eCTBo) the service (use 06cJIY3alaue)? d e He He He He He M6ra M6ra M6ra M6ra M6ra )). necessary (cf.He cTe MH )). OT is also frequently used to express reason or cause. )).Koho. They can't sleep because of the noise from the trams. . . 3 In this exercise you can practise using two different tenses of ()). He MH xapeCBa. KOHTO. Now. C and . The verb to be . Now. Don't forget to change to KORTo. Compare: . you. CJIa)).oB6JIHa OT KaMepHepKaTa. we and they forms. )).ZJ:li. He MH xapeCBaT.ZJ:li. say why you couldn't get off to sleep last night: . a . M )). He M6raT )). You have already come across OT meaning from referring to time and space as in: Mara3HH'bT e oTB6peH OT a d a KlOclneTo. Unit 5).. e .0 12.a) )). look them up in the Appendix. He MH xapeCBa. Other hotel residents too complain of the noise.'bT. making sure you have chosen the correct short pronouns. .aMand also putting the pronouns in the right order. . giving the same reasons.anu nacn6pTa. Complete the sentences using the model provided by the dissatisfIed businessman in the dialogue: CTaHTa. The plane from London gets in at eight o'clock.a CIDIOT Ka~o.a)). Exercises 1 If you were asked: HMaTe JIB OWUiKBaHIUI?.

VlCKaMAa ce onnaYa. nanKIIITe. 06IDt<AaM ce OT epMpMa «nporp6c». HML40 YYAHO.lJ. 5 The story below tells of Michael Johnson's trip to Plovdiv which you first learnt about at the end of Unit 13. a BIII3MTHIIITe KSpTIIIYKIII6111nM nOWOKSyeCTBeHaxapTMR. npeAalilTe MY. We will ask questions in the special renarrated forms because we didn't take part in that conversation.aqHa e. a nonyYlllxMe caMo 600 (W9cTCTOTIIIH). B IIJI6B. a r-H AHTOHOB HW r-H AHTOHOB 06IDK.lJ.) c d e Kora 6HJIAcBAT6aTa? B Koil peCTopam npaJH)rBaJIH? K'b.aJIPHMcKaTa CTeHa H u:1. ye B Ta3111pMpMa CTaB8n1ll e MH6ro rpewKIII . VlcKaTe nlll Aa rOB6plllTe C Hero? HslMa HY>KAa Aa ro 6e3noKoMTe.) has something wrong with it agitated. YSKalil! TyK MMaH~KaKBa rpewKa. BpeMeTO 6HJI6 MH6ro npIDITHo.lJ.lJ. nanKIIITe III BIII3MTHIIITeKapTIIIYKIII 6111nM nOpbyaHIII Ha APyro M~CTO. who was there with Mr Johnson. <l>MpMa «nporpec» e nOpbY8na 1 200 6powypllllll HMeCMe 1113npaTlllnlll 1 200 .. nonYYIIIXMe BCMYKIII 6powyplll.h. VlcKaM A8 ce 1113BIIIH~.emeJIH .lJ. nsnKIIITe MM8n1ll AeepeKTIII. Trade Publicity to pass onl/eave a message to make a complaint publicity (adj. (Telephone rings.om1.A1IIce eAMH HepBeH KIlllleHT OT epMpMa «nporp9c». Toil KYnH MH6ro dPTHqI(H OT IIJI6B.HJI HailB HHTepeeHHTeK1. Read the story and try to work out who is talking first and where the first part finishes. e r -H AHT6HOB e TYK.lJ. ~e Bill ce 06W YTpe.250 I: :Ii. KaKB6 e CTSH8nO? nOpbY8n1ll 1 200 6powyplll. aK6 06MYaTe. M6nR. -MH8 MM8~KT HepB8H.nIB. :HMaJIOMH6ro x6pa Ha naHaHpa.) ~ :Ii = 0 :I i. MMaT Aeep8KTIII.qaM ce naK OT epMpMa «nporpec». Aa My npeAaM nlll HeL40? Aa. Kn ••8HT (On the phone. 6 r-H AHTOHOB BIII3MTHIIITe KapntYKIII ca Ha nOWOKayecTBeHa xapTMR. -'few peKnSMeH. 3am6To MHcJIeme. a nonyYlllnlll CSMO 600. VlcKaM Aa rOB6pR C AlllpeKTOpa Ha epMpMa «T'bpr6BCKa peKllaMa». nOpbYKa 3a nsnKIII III BIII3MTHIII apTIIIYKIIIOT TRX K He CMe MM8nIll. KOMTOnOpbyaxMe. to the director.aT ~OH H EJIH? cera Do you understand? Dialogue Nadya receives a misdirected complaint from an agitated customer.ll. Ha 4aKalil. stressed out progress a whole lot (of) of inferior quality paper HW Kn••8HT T'bprOBCK8 peKnsM8 (Aa) npeASM. 1113BIIIHM 6111n ceo HanpaBllln rpewKa..aCIDIOT IIIyMa Ha TPaMBlUrre. MamcbJI x6. CMrypHO 6L4e He ca nonyYlllnlll BT6pIIIR Kaw6H. It consists of two parts .one told by Nikolai.B APyra epMpMa.pKBaTa «CBenl: KOHCTaHnIH H EJIeHll».ece 3an03HMH ~OH H EJIH? 3am6 .lJ. 'lI I :z: :Ii 1lI HW . ye He CMe AOB6nHIII OT BawaTa pa6oTa.you weren't there either! a b r -H AHT6HOB. VlMawe 4Sln KYn onnaKBaHIIIR.aOTH. -BH8 nporp6e 4An Kyn nOWOKS'fecTB8H X8PTMfI .enpeBO. OT KaKB6 n6-T6YHO ce onnaKBaTe? nOpbyaxMe 1 200 (xlllmlAa III AB9cTa) peKllaMHIII 6poWYPIll. r -H AHT6HOB pa3roBapR C KIlllleHTIII B MOMeHTa.aHaMepRT cB6R npeBo..lJ. KaKTo pa36pax OT ceKpeTapKaTa. who was not.) A66'bp AeH.zJ.lJ. paJrJIe. qe e 3ary6HJI cP6ToanapaTa CH. Eli and Nevena at the end of Unit 14.unr. .) •••• CD This exercise is based on the conversation between John. Toil HM nOM6ma . AOYyBaHe! (Later. Answer using the same forms . Mamc'bJI HMame B1>3M6)i(HOCT . -A&A6w (Aa) C8 OnnS'f8.lJ.lJ.Ka3BaT. ye BCMYKO HapeA. ~e npeAclM Ha AlllpeKTOpa onnaKBaHIIIRTa Bill. 068.lJ.B ABa Kaw6Ha no 600.a61.HarpY'na aHrJIHqaHH . CH6unr He MO)l(8x. OKa3a ce.nIB 6HJI6 MH6ro HHTepeeHo. AOYyBaHe! HepBHIIIRT KIlllleHT nlll 6ewe? Aa. and one told by Nadya. rpewKaTa e M6R 1i13BIIIH~BaIilTe6L4e BeAHb>K.JI OH B C6cPHR? ~ K'b.

D:e Hba Ha . phone to apologize it tumed out elsewhere once again Questions Try to use the renarrated forms in your answers! 1 KaKBo TpB:6sa . -A8w C8 (Aa) ce Ha M3BMHA.rp6wKa Kaw6H o66lKAaM.lUIpeKTopa? 2 OT KaKBO ce OnJIaKBa KJIHeHThT? 3 3am6 ce o6a)l()].a KJIHeHThT BTOpU n'bT? 4 5 KaKB6 e pa36parr KJIHeHT'bT OT ceKpeTapKaTa? KaKBo K83BaT 3a <l>lipMa «IIporpee»? In this unit you will learn • how to take your leave of someone • how to use some sentences with if • how to express wishes and requests being especially polite • how to agree to stay in touch . -HMW C8 (it form) MACTO 0038 APyro 61148 BctAH".D:a.D:anpe. mistake cardboard box to ring.

n:Ho C r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC.n:oii. We saw most of the sights outside the town. Could you please help? Will you send me a card? How I wish you were going with me! Come on. AOBIo1>KAaHe. we would go don't fail to/do let me know We'll write to you. AK6 Io1MaMe Bb3M6>KHOCT Aa A6HAeM npe3 3101MaTa. 5MXTe 11MnOMOrHaJ1M? ~e MM npaTMW nM KapTM'IKa? KOllKO 6MX MCKan TM PiJ. npMRTHO npeKapBaHel 611aroAapR! Ao cK6po BIo1>KAaHe. MI19Ha! M o N HMKonai MMneH8 r->Ka KonMHc 5MXTe 11MMM Ka38nM? nOMHMTenM? 3Ha'iM 5"1 11MB3en KOnM'IK8? EAMH MOMeHT.) HMKollaH.n:aTr-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHCnaK B D'bJIrapHjf? K'b.n:eJIHBCH'IKH3a6eJIe)l(HTeJIHOCTHOKOJIOBapHa. a b c d e 2 KaKBo nOKcl3a MHJIeHa Ha r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC? Kora 6Hxa HCKaJIH.n:a n'bTYBa 3ae.6101XTe 11MMM K83anM OTKbAe B3eXTe KOlllo1'-1Ka 6arM<? 3a O. 3ApaBeHTe! BIo1ARXMe ce B eAHa CllaAKapHMLla. BCM'IKO xy68BO. r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC 6Hxa HCKaJIH ..DDialogue At Sofia airport Mrs Collins sees a young couple with a trolley. 3Ha'-lM liIe nbTYBaMe 3aeAHo. MIo1CllR. 6MXMe OTMwnM o68AeTe MM ce HenpeMeHHO U4e BM nMweM. HMKOllaH Io1ABaC KOlllo1'-1KaTa.. BMKT6pMR. We had a marvellous time.n:a . 6M 11M B3ell KOlllo1'-1Ka 3a r-H M r->Ka K611MHC? Aa. TpiorBai. '-Ie BMARxMe n6Be'-leTO 3a6elle>KIo1TellHOCTM 6KOll0 rpaA'.) K611KO 6MX Io1cKanTM Aa nbTYBaw C M9He! XaHAe. MMI19Ha! npMftTeH nbT! (To Nikolai.n:. n'bTjBaw C MaHe! XaiAe.n:aT naK B D'bJIrapHjf. o N Questions 1 Try to answer the questions. Could you please tell me? Do you remember? so (lit. (Shaking hands. clo1XTe 11MnOM6rHanlo1 Ha HMKOllaH Ha XIo1HTPOY?TOH ce 6e3nOK0Io1.) npMRTHO MM e.n:a . All the best. pa36lo1pa ceo EAIo1HMOM9HT. TOH 3aMMHaBa 3a AHrIlMR. aKO HMaxa B1>3MO)l(HOCT? KaKBa MOJI6a HMa MHJIeHa K'bM r-)I(a KOJIHHC? KaKBo 6H HCKaJIHHKoJIail? HHKoJIaii HHMa . ·l1te My nOM6rHa C YAOB611CTBMe. npeKapaxMe '-IYA9CHO. 06aAeTe MM ce HenpeM9HHO! ETO.I911Me<POPA? 3Haew. Hanlo1? T6'-1HO TaKa! 3an03HaHTe ce .n:oil.MM119Hal l1te BM nlo1weM OT AHrIlMR. l1te A6HAeTe 11MnaK B 6bllrBpMR CI19ABa~Ta rOAIo1Ha? MH6ro 6101XMe Io1CKallM Aa A6HAeM naK.Io1MaM eAHa M0116a KbM Bac.. MM119Ha. '-Ie He pa36lo1pa aHrlllo1HCKMMH6ro Ao6pe. n6MHMTe 11M? Aa.Blo1e CTe MOMIo1'-1eTO. 611arOAapR. TpR6Ba Aa 6bp3aMe.n:e 6Hxa OTHIIIJIHTe. (With a sigh. '-Ie liIe TM npaTR . 5MxMe McKallM PiJ.n:a nHIIIaT Ha MHJIeHa OT AHrJIHjf. AOB611HM11MCTe OT npecT6R BbB BapHa? Aa. that means) Could you please take a trolley? Just a moment. HMKollaH. r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHCca BH. True or false? a b r->Ka KonMHC c d e . off you go. r-H K611MHC!r->Ka K611MHC. BMAJ1XMe nOBe'leTO 386elle>KMTenHOCTM oKono rpaA8. 6101XMe TIo1WllMB 66pOBeLl T63M nbT. HO Hlo1ece n03HaBaMe. TpbrBaH! l1te 3aKbCHeew 3a caMol19Ta.KoeTO HM nOKa3a ~eHTpanHa n6~. r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC HHMa .TOBa e M6RT K0119ra HMKOllaH. AOBIo1>KAaHe. BCIo1'-1KO xY6aBO. HHKOJIciH~e npcim HMeHJIHa MHJIeHa OT QeJIMc4>op. We'd like to come again. BftPHO . npeK6paxMe 'IYA8CHO. O AK6 Io1ABaTe naK. HMKOllaH. NKa KonMHc Lt'13BMHeTe. liIe MM npaTMW 11MKapTM'-IKa OT l. IJPMAeM naK.

Compare: "cKaM )]. These are based on a special form of C'LMand come close to English polite expressions with would and could. C ReTLpUeHBe olfaKBaM ~aceoo~e I'm looking forward to seeing Nikolai. "CKaM )]. CTllJlTaCH.a rOB6pJl C . (TH) 6H HCKaJI(a))]. usually from a verb of wanting or wishing... • Expressing eager expectation OlfaKBaM HHKoJlaH C ReTLpUeHBe. )].. IiHxTe JIB MBK33aJIB•••? Do come! I certainly will come.a CMeHJlcniJITa CH.a . We would (very much) like . would like (a3) 6ax HCKaJI(a))].a . We had a marvellous time. (Toil) 6H HCKaJI)]. In Unit 6 you learned that the Bulgarian equivalent of I want to is UCKaM~a.eMnpe3 3HMaTa.ll. Although HCKaM Bulgarian is socially more acceptable than I in want in English . I would like to speak to the director. Would you be so kind as to tell me . aK6 )]. We will come with you if we aren't busy..a .TJI 3a BapHa? Could you tell me what the time is? Would you be so kind as to show me the way to Varna? These requests are a degree more formal than questions using MO'Ke JIB•••? (see Unit 6).. I would like to change my room. I'm looking forward to hearing from you. . (BHe) 6lixTe HCKaJIH . )]. 2 5MX ontW'bn (aKO•••) I would go (if••• ) Grammar 1 Expressing wishes and requests more fonnally 5MX MCKan p. they are 'open' conditions): DlixMe OTHillJIBB D6poBeQ.T? DlixTe JIB MH nOKlbaJIH rrf.0 CKOPO BiIxc.6ii)]. See you soon.a CMeHJl I want to change my room.. I'd go to England (if I were to have the money). and you may have felt this way of expressing a wish rather rude.lliIn MOMOOT! Just a moment/hold on! • Saying you have enjoyed yourself very much npeKapaXMe lfy~ecRO.('I want never gets'.OIIIJDI Bac. these are things that still can happen.a .Bulgarian does The same forms are used to express willingness to do something if the circumstances permit or if certain conditions are fulfilled. also have more formal polite alternatives.a••• 1 would like to . We'd go to Borovets if we were to come in winter.z:l:aue! npaRTeR D'bT! • Expressing a wish politely liax HCKllJI/ ••• a (MHoro) fiiIxMe HCKaJIB•• • • Intensifying a statement or a wish EmiTe RenpeMeHHo! HenpeMeHHo ~e ~oima.a (Te) 6lixa HCKaJIH )]. remember!) . Dax oTHIillIa B AHrJIBJI (aK6 HMaM napH) DlixMe )].a rOB6pJl C . (TJI) 6H HCKaJIa)].a. (TO) 6H HCKaJIO ..How do you say it? • Taking your leave )).. (Unlike constructions with ~ in Unit 16. Have a good journey.ll.. 5MXTe nM •••? Would you be SO kind as to •••? (Could you •••?) You can use the same form of C'LMto make polite requests: DH JIB MH KlbaJI(a) K6J1I(o e qaci. ? Would you be so kind as to take a trolley? Could you please help me? I would like . aK6 He C CMe 3aem. and DHXHCKaJI(a))].a (Hlie) 6lixMe HCKaJIH)].HpeKTopa. • Making a polite request for assistance The ultra-polite forms and also the conditionals about which you will discover more below consist of the special form of C'LMplus a past participle. and DHXHCKaJI(a))].HpeKTopa.. • Asking someone to wait a moment E.a .

lJ. Compare the beginning perceived as a moment in time A. go wrong Nevena got the boy dressed.lJ.pHa (. Toil ce '1yBCTBan6-.BaMee to be glad and (. (or such an object is implied) as in: MOM'IeTO ce o6JIe'le.lJ. of which • all are more assertive and defInite .z.:dt MH eel you have to . He's having a headJu:he again. He saw her and immediately got a headache. Compare: HeBeHa o6JIe'le MOM'IeTo. are accompanied by the 'satellite' word ceo Since then you have come across more reflexive verbs and they can be now summed up in three groups: (a) when the object of the verb in English is myself. but I'll introduce Nikolai to these Englishmen. an action that is going on: A TR: ro BW H ce 3acMR.lJ.a)oX<eHR: (. M3BmulBail.R r-x<a K6JIHHc. One is imperfective.lJ. (b) when the object of the verb in English is each other or one another.lJ. I know Nikolai. but Te ce BH. She saw him and began to laugh.lJ. Other similar verbs include: (. They'Ugetto know one another at the airport.is added to a verb it often denotes the beginning of an action. B TR: naK ce cMee.lJ. with B.a)Bi.aand •••e .lleM.o6pe cera. Toil R:BW H Be.Ha B CJIa.pHa (.a)ce pa3BanR to return. 5 Keeping in touch ()l. IIaK ro 60nH rJIaBaTa. give back to marry someone off to break something to return. I feel a pain in the back. 3 Catching up with new verbs with 'ce' (e) when the verb denotes feelings or emotions.I will rather than I would.RXa e.lJ. Also compare the verb UOMHHto remember with the verb (. Toil ce 6e3noKou. These verbs can also be used without ce: A3 n03HaBaM HHKOJIaii. me 3an03HaR: HHKOJIaii c Te3H aHrJIH'IaHH. When the prefIx 38.eM.a)ce oX<eHR: (.a)ce 38PWaM to rejoice or eMeH ee to be laughing and . called reflexive verbs. the other perfective (see Unit 12). to phone does not fIt into any of the three groups and literally means 'to let oneself be heard' (see Unit 11). etc.lJ. These verbs never appear without ce: rplo1>Ka ce HWBaMce P8ABaM ce CMeSl Q N In Unit 6 you learned that some Bulgarian verbs.8) 38UOMHH. 'Ie Te 6e3noKoR.lJ.oii. Te IUe ce 3an03HaR:T Ha JIeTlIIUeTo. go back to get married to break down.a)ce Bi. Milena saw Mrs Collins. We know each other.In the last example the statement is more tentative and the Bulgarian expresses willingness and politeness as much as condition.lJ.z. In all three examples the Bulgarian polite form could be replaced by the normal future: •••e OTIr. These verbs can usually also appear without ce and with an object. Forgive me for troubling you. but Hue ce n03HaBaMe.lJ. She's laughing again. When you use it in the phrase 068. yourself.The fIrst verb can be paraphrased as 'to be keeping something in one's memory' (that is why it is imperfective) and the second one as 'to get something fixed in one's memory' (that is why it is perfective).lJ.KapHHua.lJ.a) ee o6w to get in touch.8 ee 38eMeH to begin to laugh is often difficult to render succinctly in English. MHJIeHa BH.••e oTIr.lJ. He is worried 4 To be doing something and to begin doing something The difference in meaning of 'twin' verbs like pa. qYsCTBaM 66JIKa B KpicTa.Hararo 3a6oJIR rJIaBaTa. to look after to hope to be pleased to laugh CTPaxYBaM ce CbMHslBaM ce werYBaM ce to be afraid to be in doubt to joke ce Q N The boy got (himself) dressed He feels better now.lJ.a)pa3BanR (.

Read the address out loud. by using 6HX and the past participle.n.n.)I( .OlIIJIH" HalliaTa B KpacHBa CT6JIHQaH )].elIIJIH Ha Ma'l (match)? me oTH.n.OlIIJIH b'bJIrapHR! OT Bee C'bpue (all B my heart) BH nO)l(eJIllBaMllpMma H ITJIO.o6pe n03HaBaT r-)I(a K6JIHHc. M6JIj{Te. OHTO K .'1aUTe MH TaKcH 3a .1i ce Ha r-H AHT6HOB.n.pec.n.M6JIj{Te.remember where to put the two little unstressed words. demonstrating your willingness to do what you are asked (provided certain conditions are met!).Hx i ii ill iv 2 06a.n.ll.n.eTe ce Ha ceKpeTapKaTa.n.CHO.paBg c . M6JIj{Te.H1IIJIH OT JIeTllrueTo? (aK6 HMaM BpeMe) me . 06a. MH6ro ce pli.n. M6JIj{BH.oH6BHTB6p'lecm (creative) H llpH»:reJIcm (friendly) epelQH.Hi.o6pe . already quite decently civil. )l.1i ce Ha HHKOJIaU. It contains several polite expressions which you yourself might have occasion to try out.b)l()l.n. nOMorHeTe HH . bHXTe JIH MH nOKll3aJIHTa3H Ba3a? a b Orue Be.)l.n.BaJIH.n.n.ll.oTB6pHa (fruitful) pa60Ta H .Hx My ce Be'le c Be'le MY ce o6a. even more polite. no matter whether they both follow or precede the verb (see Appendix): Tpg6Ba .liMHH rocno. The indirect object pronoun (MB) always comes before ee.. M6JIj{BH. Michael Johnson is attending another conference. respond to the requests below.n.aBH n03.OH.n. a b c d e M6JIj{ BH.ITHnpMTeJIH! IlHllia BH OT Jl6H.z:J. Read aloud what he says: CKl. 06a.BaMa6H3HecMeHH HMa OTIlJI6B.ll.auTe MH .aMe TYK T6JIKOBaMH6ro llpMTeJIH Ha b'bJIrapHR OT UjIJICBRT. 'Ie rOB6pR Be'le He .n. Model: me OTH.ITH llpmeJIH! bHX HCKaJI(a).n. a b c d me KynHTe JIH no. 06a.06pe) me yqaCTBaTe JIH B KOH!f>epeHUHRTa? HMaM napH) (aK6 Past participles to choose from (again.n. In the coffee break he dashes off a postcard to his friends in Bulgaria.n.BaMe.apbUH 3a )l(eHa BH? (aK6 HaMepR Heruo xy6aBO) me ce 06a. you won't need them all): Exercises 1 Following the model. M6JIj{ BH.R b 06a. Responses: a me My ce o6a. M6JIj{BH. )l.n. Kll3BaT. then answer the questions in English. M6JIj{ BH.eeeT'1aca.o6pe . Watch the word order! Request: 06a.n.pYra cTaR.n.6ii.TR 3a BapHa.n.HB.eTe ce Ha HeBeHa IleTK6Ba.n.'Ie BIf)l(. K6 Tll3H KOH!f>epeHQHRnOJIe3Ha 3a Deem OT a e HaC.ll..ll. The model may help: Model: IloKa)l(eTe MH.HlII. Tll3H Ba3a. Here are the past participles to choose from.n. Back in Britain. You won't need them all! 5 c d e f g On what occasion is this address given? At what point in the proceedings is the speech made? How does the speaker address his audience? Where do the conference participants come from? What else do they have in common? In what city is this particular conference taking place? What benefit does the speaker hope the participants will derive from the conference? 3 Answer these questions using the future form and.a.aK6 He BanH )J. 06a. nOpl.n. Make these requests.a/6Hx OTHlIIbJI.eToC'bM Ha KOH!f>epeHQHR. 4 If you have ever attended a conference in Bulgaria.n. Ha KOH!f>epeHQHRTa .elII JIHHa TeHHc?(aK6 ce '1yBcTBaMn6-.n.K'b.n. you might fmd parts of the following brief address familiar.n.aHaMepHM nl.n. CKl.a BHnO)l(eJIllRycnex B pa60TaTa BHHa Tll3H KOH!f>epeHQHR.n.aMB ee 06a. M6JIj{BH. Give me a ring/call.n. aK6 06H'IaTe.)I(OHH EJIH. Ka)l(eTe MH BalIIHR a. 06aM ce Ha )l.eTe MB ee! You must get in touch/give me a ringl call.eTe MH ce n6-Kl.blixMe ce pli.

Aa.rurJ.3aMMHaaaUlM 3a 116HAOH. n6Be"ieTO BpeMe npeKapBaMe B AMepMKa. to Nikolai and Nadya.:lK 3a nOMomnl BR R 3a npHfiHHTe .1J.lJ.-pHa C'b06.IJ.BM>K!6U1e eAHa n03HaTa. 6HXTe nM HCKanMAa 3 Y\iaCTBaTe? 6MX y"iaCTBana C YAOB6nCTBMe.Sl C TSlX. <P!:aKBaM B RHKOmiH C HeT1>pneHHe.lJ. EnaTe Aa BM 3an03HB. AMepMKaHCKMSlT >KYPHanHCT. HeBeHa MH6ro MMe pa3Ka3Bana 3a Bac. a (The public address system crackles into life. r->Ka K6nMHc! KaKBa M3HeHB. -B8W o N Do you understand? Dialogue Sofia airport is not large. A.THM4M. a3 BM Ka3ax 3a Hero.VI.lJ.paB(kind regards).OCTbn EBTL'lHL'I pa3rOBOpL'l . BHe B AMepMKa mil >KMBeeTe? Aa. also in Bulgarian.HMelBCH"iKM n1. n6MHMTe nM.MOMH"ieTO OT pe4en4MSlTa B xOTena B C6epMS!. Em: HCKaJI.apR 6me Be. 3a Aa BM nOKaHSl Ha eAHa KOHepepeH4MSl 8 6'bnrapMSl. Te MH6ro U1ece 3apB. npMslTHO MM e. a3 M3npalJ.1J. and shortly before taking off for Heathrow Mr and Mrs Collins bump into some more acquaintances. MciliK'bJI . I.aBar-:lKa K6JIHHC Ha MapK? ~: '~I nefta e i'lHTepHeT . RBMW M3XOA nnOAOTB6peH.\SlxAa BM M3npaTSl cb06U1eHMe OT AMepMKa. HeBeHa.M6nS!.rn C'b06meHHe Ha r-xa K6JIHHc? S B KarlB CJI)rqaH6u yqlicTBaml r-xa K6JIHHCB KOH4>e¢umurra? 6 KaKB6 ..MapK AeHBMc M >KeHa My. TOBa e BM3HTHaTa MM KapTM"iKa.nMHMeHna CM. relate to take part passenger. It1 BHe nM U1e n'bTYBaTe 3a AHrnMSl? He.aH3np8. n6MHSl.O cK6po BH:lK.ace BH.ABaT. 3ApaBeHTe. (pI) -M4M 38MMHaBa~ 38 (Aa) C8 RBA.l.) M61U1 3a BHMMa.aT u r-:lKa K6JIHHC Ha JIeTHmeTo? r-H 2 3am6 e Ha JIeTHmeTo ReBeHa? 3 3a Kor6 e pa3d3Bana MH6ro ReBeHa Ha MapK? 4 3a KaKB6~ MapK . Bcrno xy6aBo R .HM cK6po naK.aBR 6JIaro.n6-JI6mo OT HeR.1J.OH. aK6 He CbM 3aeTa no cbUlOTO BpeMe. AS .IJ. -B8W n"bTHMK.. exit fruitful message (Aa) C8 38P8AB8M.HH E'bJInipRR. HWBaM ce Aa ce BHAMMnaK! 068AeTe ce! pa3K83BaM. U1e BM npaTSl nOKaHa M nporpaMaTa. r-H K6nMHc! 3ApaBeHTe.HanH? T6"iHO TaKa. 6. AOBH>KAaHeH8 BCH"iKMI AOBH>KA8He! npMRTeH n'bT M BCH"iKO xy6aBoi EnaTe naK HenpeM9HHoI HEnPEMJ:HHOI to be pleased to tell.lJ.lJ.HMe r-)I(8 KonMHc HeBeHa Questions 1 KOR n03HllTa BH:lK. 3anOBslAaHTe. 4YAecHo. r-H K6nMHc r-)I(8 KonMHc BMKT6PMSl. 2004 Now you write a postcard.Aa ce S'lBRT npeA M3XOAH6Mep "i9TMpMI NK8 K6nMHc HeBeHa BCM&fKM Cera TpR6Ba Aa 6l. traveller travelling to to present oneself gate.Aa! 3ApaBeHTe. HO MH6ro "ieCTO HABaMe B 6'bnrapMSl.1J.p3aMe..l1.aHe! C n63.RWBaM ce . -Baw (Aa) Y'f8CTB8M.l8MeAHH npMRTenM. 6HXTe nM MMAB.lJ.[(xc6HC'bH JI6H.

primers For the intermediate learner the most appropriate primer is Intensive Bulgarian: a textbook and reference grammar by Ronelle Alexander. has Bulgarian newspapers and even a Bulgarian KBHxcapBHQa (bookshop).bg' sites. of course.bg. Published by the University of Wisconsin Press in 2000. phrasebooks. the country and its people . Unfortunately. it comes in two hefty volumes. We hope you have found it fun working your way through Teach Yourself Bulgarian. operating in Bulgaria as 'PONS Bulgaria' . we list here a few books and other sources you might fmd useful. written in Bulgarian in an appropriate style! Courses A number of Bulgarian universities organize short courses in Bulgarian language and culture. For a good English-Bulgarian dictionary. therefore. Book buying Most large internet booksellers can supply Bulgarian books.El ••• m ~ ~ _.grantand cutler. usually in the summer. 55-57 Great Marlborough Street. Bulgarian-English Dictionary. is pick and mix from a variety of sources. including technical dictionaries. is http://www. combines grammar and exercises and will both help you revise and take you further.com or phone 0044 (0)2077342012. They have dictionaries. Bulgarian Links on the Oslo University site listed below. Also try the lively http://www.bg. For a thoroughly absorbing time and more substantial sustenance for .bg.bg> internet address! By far the most exciting source of authentic Bulgarian language material today is the internet. too. We also hope you will wish to develop your knowledge of the language. theatre and cinema programmes and much else besides. and a multitude of links. multiply by the minute. Grammars of Bulgarian produced in Bulgaria are traditionally on the turgid side and are intended for a largely academic readership. There are other established courses in Veliko Turnovo and Blagoevgrad. And if you are looking for authentic literature. look for 21st Century Reference English-Bulgarian Dictionary by Shurbanova and Rangelova. Here you will find newspapers. Sofia.dir. for keen and interested foreigners. Try the PONS website: http://www. A Bulgarian-English dictionary by Shurbanova and Rangelova is promised soon. Try the two-way pocket dictionary by Levkova and Pishtalova: English-Bulgarian. but nevertheless of value to English-language learners of Bulgarian. What you will have to do. dedicated printed English-language materials for intermediate learners of Bulgarian. They are also. 2001. combining limited printed materials with the expanding and everchanging offerings of the internet. London WIF 7AY. and the information they provide.sotia. There are also a number of handy new dictionaries. The German publisher Ernst Klett Verlag.supply a variety of learning materials produced by Western and Bulgarian publishers. no advanced learner's dictionary of Bulgarian targeted at English-language learners. To help you on your way. Try the Sofia University website: http://www. Tematichen rechnik. There are no modem. In the UK the specialist booksellers Grant & Cutler Ltd. Most Bulgarian newspapers also have their own websites. primarily in Bulgarian but with English pages too. The '. Try http://www. better.bg or.online. has produced a number of English-Bulgarian dictionaries.pons. try http://litemet. Sofia. Angliyski. These include a useful English-Bulgarian phrasebook. ••• -h C :T CD -t ~ An excellent site. Dictionaries Dictionaries that have been long in service are currently being updated and reissued. literary journals.netl. mostly intended for Bulgarian learners of English.It. Here are just a few promising addresses for you to get started on. A good general site with useful links and lots of information on Bulgaria is http://www. Colibri. assisted by Olga Mladenova.kirildouhalov.uni. There is. or email to G&C@grantandcutler. literature in Bulgarian and even Bulgarian Scrabble. for example. Grammars.bg. at present we cannot confidently direct you to any single book or course that takes you on from where you left off at the end of Unit 20. Ypa (hurrah!) for the <. 265 S- f or I cc _.com. published by Prozorets i Trud.

And happy hunting! Ifac! Introduction 1 Alaska. Sheffield. minute. Yukon.p (jarewellJ). 00 xvi. signora. (n) sport (m). (d) viii. Bulgaria. Congratulations on completing Teach Yourself Bulgarian! We hope you have enjoyed working your way through the course. (e) 18. 2 Berlin. (i) lemonade (t). So npBkreo m. (k) pony (n). (I) problem (m). 4 Address. Budapest. Amsterdam. Hyde Park.y! npdTllo npeKlipBaoe! and oa ~06i.202 Restaurant.35. 00 ix. telephone. (b) xiv. show business.a. (b) iii. Donetsk. credit. 2003 x. Donetsk. (I) viii. (c) aspirin (m) (d) bank (t). 206 Taxi. vodka. We always welcome comments and suggestions and we do our best to incorporate constructive suggestions into later editions. Hodder Headline Ltd. 3 (a) viii. (j) i. (e) business (m). the publisher has no responsibility for the websites and can make no guarantee that a site will remain live or that the content is or will remain appropriate.. credit. (g) i. York. Frankfurt. (I) xv. (g) 16.html. Updike. omelette. India. Varna.uio. click into the Bulgarian language and literature offering at the University of Oslo on http://www. Estonia. (j) ii.05. London NWI 3BH. (g) ix. Zurich.. so why not contact us and let us know your reactions? We'll be particularly pleased to receive your praise. garage. minute. (0) tonic (m). Glasgow. We are always keen to receive feedback from people who have used our course. bar. HRMa (c) Ka3BaM ce . police. (n) vii. Geneva. (b) address (m). 00 beer (t) (g) vodka (t) (h) computer (m). •• o Exercises lW~~~~~~~W~oo~W~w~oo~wa (k) ix. (0) xii. Ottawa. Panama.266 I» i!!': ~ •• 2' Bulgarian learners than on any other site. address. Zambezi. (h) iv. 204 Fitness centre. Arizona. Yalta. Beatles. (i) iv. 5 (a) Sirena Snack bar (b) Berlin Restaurant (c) Sheraton Hotel (d) Orient Cafe. jury. (e) vi. 3 Vienna. (i) ii. Churchill. (c) vii.10. Yankee. (c) iii. Texas. (P) CD CD >< CD -t •• :r- Michael Holman and Mira Kovatcheva.. Namibia. (d) v. Sinatra. Exercises 1 (a) agency (t). (j) music (t). (m) xi. Ottawa. 2 (a) v. Vivian. Or explore its hugely rewarding Bulgarian Links. Istanbul.4 201 Fax. Milan. 166 Police. garage. 6 (a) 17. London. 207 Information. Leeds United.30. A long address.40. Sahara. chauffeur. (m) soda water (t). but it's well worth the journey! EJ '< CD ~ i . (d) 18.hf. Chad. but we should also like to know if you think things could be improved. Yorkshire. Sofia. You can contact us through the publishers at: Teach Yourself Books. Unit 1 Questions 1 (a) )J. tn CD tn n. espresso. Vivian. (c) 16. (b) 17.05. . (k) xiii.25. liMa (b) He. show business. Amsterdam. 338 Euston Road. telephone. 205 Bar. However. Budapest. Stuttgart. 2 (a) T (b) F: DII3HecMeH C'bM(c) T. (h) x. Liverpool. Canada. (e) vi. Balkan.no/east/bulg/mat/index. _ The publisher has used its best endeavours to ensure that the URLs for external websites referred to in this book are correct and active at the time of going to press. 203 Reception. espresso. Mallorca. Hungary. Thnbridge Wells and Sofia.00 15. Dakota. Richard.

(t) printer (m). (b) F: r-:lKa K6JIHHC HMa eAH6 AeTe. Toil e OT rJIa3roy. TH e OT MaH'IeCTbp. ca. 2 (a) 3ApaBeil. ill (a). (d) CMe. (e) . 6 T. (d) . (c) He. Unit 2 Questions 1 (a) bJIarOAapR.JI» e TaM.(d) r-:lKa KOJIHHCe npeBOAa'lKa. a3 C'bM r-:lKalr-H __ (Try writing out your name!) He. vi (g). MOJUI.3BaTe? 4 TpaMBaii HOMep ABe. He cbM 6bJIT'apKa. '1eTHpH.(c) . (u) office (m).JI»? He. 7 F: Toil npHCTHra B b6poBe~ B AeceT '1aca. H~a.(c) KaIIY'lHHO. A06pe. YJIH~a «PaK6BcKH» e TaM. Do you understand? 1 F: ByJIeBapA «BHToma» He e 6JIH30. He cbM eepBHTb6p. 4 F: MMa H 3 TpaMBaH AO 6yJIeBapA «BHToma». OeeM. (d) Ka3BaMe ee KOJIHHC. MOJUI. (e) a beautiful name. (d) . (b) OMb:lKeHa JIH cTe? (c) r-:lKa K6J1HHCe npeBoAa'lKa.HAe~ laMepHdHe~ C'bM.u't~ ~ Do you understand? (e) No. Toil npHCTHra AHec. TOBa e TeJIeKCOT JIOMAOH. ill (a). (g) TyK JIH ca Te? 2 (a) Ka3BaM ee . (d) 3ApaBeilTe. Exercises 1 (a) MMaM eAH6 AeTe. (b) BHpa.(g) r-H AHTOHOBe AHpeKTOp.HT «KpHCT8. (e) 3ApaBeil. (e) Toil e yqHTeJI. (c) a beautiful sea. (c) KaK e Toil? (d) K'bAe ca Te? (e) TH e B XOTeJI«POAHua».D:06'bp AeH. 2 (a) F: r-:lKa K6J1HHCe OT MaH'IeCTbp. (b) Ka3BaM ee TOHH. (q) finn (f).e) F: rOcnoMH AHTOHOBHMa MHoro pa60Ta.D:a. KaKbB CTe no Hap6AHoCT? I1pJIaMAe~ I mOTJI3. (b) C'bM. (v)fax (m). HMaM. ST. (b) T. (e) . 5 (a) .(b) MHJIeHa e XYAo:lKHH'IKa. pecTOp8. (e) C'bM. e. MOJIH.D:a. Toil . K'bAe HMa <}>HTHec eHT'bp? 11 (a) C'bM. (d) KaKBa e r-:lKa K6JIHHC no Hap6AHocT? (e) 3a nbpBH n'bT JIH e r-:lKa K6JIHHC B b'bJIT'apHH? if) OTK'bAe ca r-:lKa K6JIHHC H r-H K6J1HHC? (g) II03HaBaM cTpaHaTa BH A06pe.(d) Ka<}>e.D:06po YTPO. a3 C'bM B cTaH HOMep Questions 1 (a) TH e OT MaH'lecTbp. (b) TOBa JIH e 6yJIeBapA «JIeBcKH»? He.D:eilBHce :lKYPHaJIHCT. vi (b). MOJUI.8 (a) a lovely hotel.KOKaKOJIa. iv (b).JIHa n6m:a? He. TH TH (c) kmplO e cTYAeHT.t114n. 6 (a) I-!Ma JIH yHCKH?(b) MMa JIH 6Hpa? (c) I1Ma JIH JlHMoHaAa? (d) I1Ma JIH '1ail? 7 (a) YHCKH. (d) No.D:a. ( Exercises 1 (a) K'bAe e u? (b) Toil e A06pe. (b) Yes. Toil e OT CaHTa bap6apa. (c) T.D:a.D::lKeilMC'bH. (x) xerox (m). U:eHTp8.D::lKYJIH . (b) TOBa e TeJIeKC. TH e OT IIJIOBAHB. 9 (a) He.[{a. 5 He. MOJUI.Toil e :lKeHeH. (e) HaAH e eeKpeTlipKa. iii (a). v (c). 6yJIeBapA «JIeBcKH» e TaM. Unit 3 269 f Sf = I ~ {(}(JO ~ vmtMH~' ~JA.HT «KPHCT8. (b) 3ApaBeilTe. XOTeJI «XeMYc» e TaM. (d) lovely beer.D:a. 10 (a) M6JU1. (c) 3ApaBeilTe.D:06'bp Be'lep.D:a. if) Toil HMa pa60Ta. u n03HaBa b'bJIT'apHH A06pe. TpoJIeil HOMep eAHo. HRMa. 2 F: r -H . HMa. iv (e). OMb:lKeHae. HMaM. (d) He. (c) !Ie. T.(P) tourist (m). 2 i (d).D:a. viii (e). (b) . neT. HRMa. Toil He e :lKeHeH. (b) TH e npeBoAa'IKa. e. (c) Ka3BaM ce BORH AHTOHOB. if) T .JIHa n6m:a e TaM. Toil e :lKeHeH. K'bAe HMa TOaJIeTHa? (e) M6JU1. if) a beautiful Bulgarian (female!). ceAeM. TH e OMb:lKeHa. lIail. (a) Evening. (d) TOBa JIH e XOTeJI «XeMyc»? He.C'bM. if) 3APaBeil. KaKbB CTe no npo<}>eCHH?IpeBOAa'l/JIeKap/CTYAeHT C'bM.J.if) MailK'bJI ~OHC'bH e 6H3HecMeH.D:06'bp AeH. (s) chauffeur (m).D:a.3 (a) KaK ce Ka3Bam? (b) KaK ee Ka3BaTe? (c) KaK ee K8. (c) He. TH He e OMb:lKeHa.Ecnpeco. (e) TOBa JIH e YJIH~a «PaK6BcKH»? He. (g) Xy6aBa cTaH! (h) Xy6aB anapTaMeHT! (i) Xy6aBo 6bJIT'apcKo BHHO! 9 (a) (b) ceAeM.(d) I1Ma CaMOJIeT OT JIoHAoH B ceAeM 'Iaca. KaKBa CTe no Hap6AHOCT? I1pnaHAKa/aHrJIH'IaHKal mOTJIaMAKa C'bM. e. 3 (a) He. (b) He.D::lK6HC'bH RMa dpTa Ha C6<}>HH. (w) video (n). meCT. (d) . KaKBa CTe no npo<}>ecHH?CeKpeTapKa/yqHTeJIKa C'bM. (c) T. (c) . K'bAe HMa 6aHKa? (c) M6JU1. if) He.D:a. Toil e OT tIeJIMc<}>oPA. v (c).~HH. vii (h). if) . (d) T. MOJUI. K'bAe HMa pecTopaHT? (b) MoJUl. HMa. He cbM I aHrJIH'IaHHH. 8 (a) TOBa JIH e pecTOp8. (e) .4 (a) MapK . ii if). e OT CO<}>HH. ii (d). v (d). (d) F: rOcnoMH AHTOHOBHRMa BpeMe 3a Ka<}>e. (b) . ii (e). (c) Scotch. iv (c). K'bAe HMa n6m:a? if) M6JU1. (b) . HRMa. (c) TOBa JIH e U:eHTp8. K'bAe HMa TeJIe<}>6H?d) ( M6JU1. (b) a good-looking man. (d) He. HMaM. (g) 3ApaBeilTe. AeBeT. (r) football (m). He cbM JIeKapKa. MOJUI. 4 i if). MOJUI. 6 (a) KaKBo e TOBa? (b) KaK e u? (c) KaK ca Te? (d) KaKBo e TOBa? (e) KaK CH? if) KaKBo e TOBa (g) KaK CTe? (h) KaKB6 e TOBa? 7 i (b). He e OMb:lKeHa. HMa eAH6 AeTe. 2 (a) F: HaAH e A06pe. HRMaM. (c) . e.U. (c) ~ C'bM. 3 (a) . (e) F: r-:lKa K6JIHHC He e 3a nbpBH n'bT B b'bJIT'apHH.D:a. HRMaM. 8 .

D.D.Hnlie (g) H 7 KacPeC HHKOJIaii H MHJIeHa.D.eHa! Ho Toii e CyY.eTeTOMH ce d3Ba BHICTOp.D. (e) C6cPHH.D. if) 'LT.D.eceT(MHHyTH) H npHCTHra B Ce.D.eBeT 'Iaca cyTpHHTa .D.D. 6 T. (h) 'LT. 8 F: Toii 3aMHHaBa CJIe.MH:Qa/..a.MH:QH r-H )J. HaMal )J. (b) 'I~eH:QH.O .O .D.D.'LI:Qepa MH! (d) 3ano3HaiiTe ce .BaiiceT'Iaca. (c) T./ ABTo6yC'LT 3a 1i6pOBe:Q3aMHHaBa B TpHHaiiceT ('Iaca) H neT.a.D. HaJIH? He.D. (e) Ta. (e) Toii e B li'LnrapHH 3a . Exercises 1 ABTo6yc'LT 3a MaJlb6BH:Qa 3aMHHaBa B IIIeCT ('Iaca) H TpHiiceT H neT (MHHyTH) H npHCTHra B .HH .D.n.O e.O . (b) qepHo MOpe.D. TpH ce.D. TOBa e pe3epBa:QHHTaMH. 2 F: MHJIeHa e xy.D.: S' ~ I I e OT liypnic.HHaiiceT'Iaca Be'lepTa.O 6ceM H nOJIOBHHaBe'lepTa. (d) rl. .D.O .HHaiiceT'Iaca H . (d) 6l.eM'Iaca Be'lepTa.HH.D. (e) Te 06H'IaT KacPeTo C MWO MAAKO.(g) ( MH6ro npO.eeeT 'Iaca CyTpHHTa . 2 (a) ABTo6yC'LT 3a CaMoICoB 3aMHHaBa CJIe.eBeT ('Iaca) H nernaiiceT (MHHyTH).eM'Iaca .Hace. HMa MWO 3axap.Be JIerJIa. (b) F: B XOTeJIa HMa aHrJIHiiCICHBecTHH:QHH cnHcaHHH.nrapcKH BecTHH:QH.MH:QH. Do you understand? 1 F: HHKOJIaii 3aMHHaBa 3a AHrJIHH. HaMal )J. Toii He e )l(eHeH.D. .D.D.D.HOBpeMe.D.Hec? K6JIICO .O MY3eH. (d) )l(eHa MH ce ICll3Ba MapHH.eH! Ho n e T6nJIa! (d) Ho TO e (b) (c) T6llJIo! (e) Ho n e T6llJIa! if) Ho Toii e T6ll'LJI. HaMa. ( c) B 'IaH HaMa 3axap.O 'Iaca. 10 3anoBMaiiTe.D..D.D. (c) ABTo6yc'LT 3a MaJlb6BH:Qa 3aMHHaBa CJIe. HaJIH? )J.Be ce. TOBa e 6HJIrnT MH.270 . 5 F: HHICOJIaii H MHJIeHa HMaT BpeMe 3a ICacPe. (e) )J. (b) Y'IIITemlT e aHrJIH'IaHHH.O TpHHaiiceT H OT 'IeTHpHHaiiceT .eMHaiiceT('Iaca) H .D. (d) CJIa. if) liaI:Qa MH ce ICa3BalloJI.MHUH.BaHaiiceT'Iaca.eBeT 'Iaca Be'lepTa.D. Toii e OT AHrJIHH..aBa'lKH. (c) TeaT'Lp'LT e . Toii e OT BapHa.BaHaiiceTH OT IIIecTHaiiceT .eceT'Iaca H neTHaiiceT MHHyTH.'LI:QepaMH ce ICll3Ba CHJIBHH.Hnlie KacPeTo C MWO 3axap.D. 7 F: B'LB cPHpMaTa HaMa MH6ro cPoTorpacPH.D.aiiTe.e:Qa Ma r-H )J.)I(6HC'LHe T6'1HO B .6paT MH! (e) 3ano3HaiiTe ce . (b) Ha. (b) Ta.)I(6HC'LH? (a) Ha.eceT(MHHYm) H npHCTHra B .D.y MH! (b) 3ano3HaiiTe ce . (c) HHKOJIaii nHe Ka«PeToC MH6ro 3axap.p:QHH H TyP:QHH.D.O 5 .D. HaMa.D.nrapcICH BeCTHH:QH.eBeTHaiiceT'Iaca H 'IeTHpHceT MHHyTH. (c) PecTOpaHT'LT pa66TH OT meCT .D. rOCnO.T MH! (c) 3ano3HaiiTe ce .D.D.D.D.cecTpa MH! 8 (a) CHHl.D. HaJIH? He.(b) A3 C'LM B XOTeJIa 3a TpHITpHHaiiceT H6I:QH.O TeaT'Lpa.O Mara3HHa. (c) A3 C'LM B'LB BapHa 3a e.O XOTeJIa.D.Be ce.HHB'Lnp6c.O napKa. (c) )J. HaJIH? )J. (g) 'LT.eBernaiiceT 'Iaca. (i) MH6ro 'Iy)l(. (d) Ta.a.D.D. .D.K6JIICO.o6pe.BaiiceTH neT (MHHyYH). 2 (a) T.BaiiceTH TpH 'Iaca.n.D.D.YHaB. 7 (a) 3ano3HaiiTe ce . (d) Mara3HH'LT e .eBeT . (b) ABT06yc'LT 3a 1i6poBe:Q 3aMHHaBa CJIe.D.D.D.D. 6 (a) JIeICapHT e IIIOTJIaIme:Q.D.D.D.HH r-H H r-)I(a K6JIHHC B C6cPHH?(e) B K6JIICO'Iaca ca 3aMHHaBa aBTo6yc'LT? if) K6JIICO nHcMa H dPTH'IKH HMaM .CHHl.D.M'L)I('f.HB 3aMHHaBa B e. (d) MHJIeHa HCKa KacPe6e3 3axap. 4 F: cl>HpMaTa e B qeJIMc«P0P.D. 9 (a) Ho n e CTY. e) MH6ro B'Lnp6cH.D.D.11 (a) XOTeJI'LT e .a. (e) CpeI:QaTa Ha r-H )J.D.O e. 2 F: Toii He pa36Hpa aHrJIHiiCKH.6)1(HH'IICaTa a H cPHpMaTa. HaJIH? )J. OT .D.eceT('Iaca) H 'IeTHpHceT H neT (MHHyYH).D.eHKH.nrapcICH . (h) HHIComiii e cPoTorpacP.HH npHCTHra 6paT m? (d) OT IC6JIICO .D.IiH'Iaca Ha 66e.D.D. 3 T. (e) MY3eHT e .aiiTe.BaiiceT .Ba'Iaca cJIe.D.D. He.D.D. OT ce.D.(c) B 'IaH HMa MAAKO. TOBa e BH3aTa MH. 4 (a) A3 C'LM B li'LnrapHH 3a .D. (b) B KacPeTo HMa MAAKO.3 T.)I(6HC'LHHe HCICa6l. HMa MWO MAAICO. 10 (a) . HaMal )J.MH:QH. neT MHHyTH. (c) qaHT e xy6aB. (c) aMepHICliH:QH.D.a.dpHH:QaTa pa66TH OT .D. 3 (a) ABTo6YC'LT 3a llJI6B. ce.eCeT ('Iadl) H . (c) 'LT.eM'Iaca cyTpHHTa .BaHaiiceT/neTHaiiceT/. if) MH6ro e3H:QH.O HMa B XOTeJIa? (b) 3a IC6JIICO ce.D.D.a.D.D.66e.D. HaMa. (e) F: qaciT e e. Do you understand? 1 T.D.D.D. (d) Toii HMa neT MHHYTH CBo66.T MH ce ICll3Ba AImPIO. (b) PecTopaHT'LT e .O . Questions 1 (a) Toii HMa TpH llHcMa.D. if) llapK'LT e . (c) MaiiICa MH ce ICll3Ba HpHHa. 6 (a) K6JIICO aMepHICliHICH . 4 T.BaiiceT 'Iaca H TpHiiceT MHHyTH.D. OT .D.n. 11 (a) dpTa(Ta). Unit 4 (b) He. HaJIH? He. 9 (a) B KacPeTo HaMa MAAKO.BaiiCeTMHHym. Toii He (c) pa36Hpa 6l. (b) B Ka«PeToHaMa 3axap.D.eceT.D.MH:QH.5 T. if) Toii HMa epeI:Qa T6'IHO B ./ ABTo6yC'LT 3a liaHICH 3aMHHaBa B . (d) 3aMHHaBaM 3a C6cPHH B neTHaiiceT 'Iaca H TpHiiceT MHHYTH (TpH H nOJIOBHHa).O peCTopaHTa.D. (b) CaMOJIeT'LT OT JI6ImOH npHCTHra B . if) A3 o6H'IaM KacPeTo__ 8 (a) B KacPeTo HMa 3axap. 3anOBa. OT 6ceM .HH )J. HMa MWO MAAKO.D./ ABT06YC'LT 3a CaMOICOB 3aMHHaBa B e.HHaiiceT('Iaca) H .D.D.)I(6HC'LHB e li'LnrapHH? (c) CJIe. 5 (a) 'LT.D. Toii e )l(eHeH.BaiiceTMuHYTH.BaiiceT(MHHyTH) H npHCTlira B TpHHaiiceT ('Iaca) H TpHiiceT (MHHYm).H OT . (c) HMa caMOJIeT 3a BapHa B .BaiiceTH e. if) F: Toii e B li'LnrapHH 3a . (b) AmeICaTa pa66TH OT .D.D.eceTMHHyTH. (a) ll6I:QaTa pa66TH OT ce.HHaiiceTH nOJIOBHHa.(h) TpaMBaH.D.BaHaiiceT'Iaca. (b) )J.Be ce.D. OT oceMHaiiceT . 3anOBa. (d) F: HeBeHa HMa caMo e.

Kou (KbMIIHIIT) e nO-6JIH30? (e) TYK Ha KlipTaTa HMa ~a MOTeJIa. Do you understand? 1 E~H KJIHeHT HCKa ~a rOBopH C ~peKTopa. v (c). (c) F: EaHKaTa H peCTopaHT'bT He ca ~aJIeqe OT o41Hca. pyCKH H HcnaHCKH. if) Hero. (c) KOR. meCT JIH e? Do you understand? 1 F: HHKOJIaU )rqH aIITJIHUCKH. (b) Hero.na.. (d) ~PYrH. Kou (pecTopaHT) e no6JIH30? (b) TYK Ha KlipTaTa HMa ~Ba rpa~a.ETo 6HJIeTa MH. (b) r-H AHTOHOB OqaKBa r-H . (b) T" rOBopH MHoro ~06pe 6bnrapcKH e3HK (c) r-)Kli KOJIHHCe aHrJIHqaHKaTa B CTa" HOMep ~eceT. 5 (a) He. KORTO rOBopH xy6aBo 6bnrapcm. oceM. ~eBeT.. OceM. (e) KOR. (e) ~TO KOMnIOT'bpa. ETo ~Ba KbMnHHra.LOKHHacepBHpa cePBHThOP'bT? (d) KOJIKO qy~ e3HKa 3Hae MaUK'bJI ~OHC'bH? 6 (a) Typiicr: H3BHH~e. Ha. 5 EpanT Ha MHJIeHa HCKa ~a oTH~e C Heg Ha KOH~epT. 4 Tou HCKa ~a orn~e Ha TeHHc. 10 (a) ce HaMBaM.z. ETo ~Ba TpoJIeg. TpH. (g) ~pyr. (b) qa~bp. (d) Tou HCKa ~a oTH~e nbpBo B 6liHKaTa.Unit 5 Questions 1 (a) AIITJIH'H1HH HMa B MHoro CTpaHH no cBeTa. Kou (rpa~) e no6JIH30? (c) TYK Ha KlipTaTa HMa ~Ba KypopTa. oceM. HMa JIH XOTeJIH ~o rapaTa? rpa:lKJl. JKeHaTa. (c) Typiicr: H3BHHeTe. ~eBeT. (b) ce pa~BaM. (d) HeBeHa 3Hae TpH e3HKa. ETO ~a. meCT. (d) ETo cHHa MH.eg. 6 T. (c) ce qyscTBaM ~06pe. if) F: MHoro 6bnrapH rOBop"T qy~ e3H~H. viii (a). Kou (MoTeJI) e nO-6JIH30? (ii) (a) Ha KapTaTa HMa ~Be aIITeKH. eMO. if) napH. ~o rapaTa HMa HRKOJIKO peCTopaHTa. Unit 6 Questions 1 (a) MaHK'bJI ~OHC'bH HMa cpem:a C r-H AHTOHOB. (d) TaKcH. (e) ETo 6araJKa MH. (e) MaUK'bJI ~OHC'bH TpH6Ba ~a 06MeHH napH. ix (a). ~Be JIH e? H3BHHeTe. (d) T. iv if). 3 Tou TpR6Ba ~a ce 06a~ nO-KbcHo cJIe~06e~. ETo ~a waMBag. vi (b). 2 (a) F: r-H ~OHC'bH e ~OBOJIeH OT XOTeJIa.(c) He. KOR (6eH3HHocTaH~") e nO-6JIH30? (c) Ha KlipTaTa HMa ~Be CrrHpKH. HyJIa. KOHTO He nHU yHCKH?/KOHTO ca JKeHeHH3a 6bnrapKH? 6bnrapKaTa. (b) ETo TpoJIeg. (b) Typiicr: H3BHHeTe. oceM. Ha~g HCKa ~a oTH~e C nx. (c) ETo aBT06yca. KoeTo JKH~ee B CTag HOMep ~eceT.llIDIII: . 6aHKoMaTa. ETO ~a aBT06yca.. if) ETo 6aHKoMaTa. (c) ~pYra. ETo ~Ba KOMIIlOT'bpa.na.. HMaTe JIH HYJK~a OT MeHe? r -8 A: MHCIDI.na. Tp~6Ba JIH ~a HMaM Bii3a/oHJleT/60p~a KaipTa? . (e) Heg. oceM.: r -H AHTOHOB. KOHTO ca JKeHeHH3a 6bnrapKH?/ KOHTO He rrHU yHCKH? 1lI0TJIaM~. KORTO e OMbJKeHa 3a aIITJIHqaHHH? 8 (a) ETo TpaMBag. 7 F: HHKOJIaU e Ha ~BauceT H meeT rO~HH. (i) ~pYra.nJKOHC'bH. (b) Kou. ~eBeT. vii (e). 2 (a) F: He MHoro alITJIHqaHH rOBopu 6bnrapcKH. ce~eM. (d) T. 2 T. 10 H3BHHeTe. if) Tou JI(HBee B qeJlMc41op~. 9 (a) IOTHg. (b) ~PYro. (d) Hero. (j) ~pYrH. (b) 6bnrapHHa. TpR6Ba. 6 (a) Hero. (d) ETo KbMIIHlITa. 5 F: HHKOJIaU HMa HYJK~a OT yqe6HH~H. oceM. HMa JIH 041HCH~o rapaTa? rp8:lKJl.llIDIII . 3 (i) (a) TyK Ha KapTaTa HMa ~Ba pecTopaHTa. llIeCT. 4 F: MHJIeHa HMa ~Ba MHoro xy6aBH yqe6HHKa no aHrJIHUCKH. 9 (a) . (c) T. Kou (KypOpT) e nO-6JIH30? (d) TyK Ha KlipTaTa HMa ~Ba KbMIIHlITa. KOR (aIITeKa) e nO-6JIH30? (b) Ha KlipTaTa HMa ~e 6eH3HHocTaH~H. alITJIHqaHH. if) Kou. HO cera HRMaM BpeMe 3a Te6e. e~Ho. ~o rapaTa HMa HRKOJIKO XOTeJIa. 2 HCKaTe JIH ~a oTMeM: (a) Ha onepa? (b) Ha KOH~epT? (c) Ha CJIa~apHH~a? (d) Ha ~HcKoTeKa? (e) Ha Teanp? if) Ha eKcKyP3Hg? (g) Ha CKH?(h) Ha IIJIaJK? 3 HHKOJIaU TpR6Ba ~a oTMe B qeJlMc41op~ CJIe~ TpH ce~MH~. (c) H. Exercises 1 HMaTe JIH Bii3a/OHJIeT/ 6Op~a KapTa? He. OceM. He e cB060~eH. if) T. iii (a). (b) Heg. HyJIa.na. (b) F: r-JKa KOJIHHC e aHJIHqaHKaTa. HMa JIH pecTopaHTH ~o rapaTa? rp8:lKJl. ~Be. ~o rapaTa HMa HRKOJIKOMy3e". TpH. HMa JIH MY3eH ~o rapaTa? rpa:lKJl. KORTO JKHBee B CTa" HOMep ~eceT. HyJIa. (b) ETo nacnopTa MH. .aHHH: . ceMeUCTBOTO. eMo JIH e? H3BHHeTe. KOUTO npHCrnra OT JIOMOH. ce~eM. 5 (a) KOJIKO qy~ e3HKa rOBopH HeBeHa? (b) KOJIKO 6HJI~a HCKaT Te? (c) KOJIKO .na. (d) Kou. (e) ~pyr. 4 i (g). ~o rapaTa lIMa HRKOJIKOo41Hca. MOJKe JIH ~a HanpaBHm Ka4le 3a Hac? HaAJI: HRMaM HHm:O npOTHB. 7 (a) M'bJKa. HMaM cpem:a C r-H ~OHC'bH. qe HHMaMe Hy~a OT npeBo~aq.41aKC/BeCTHH~/ Maca 3a MeHe? 8 1IHK0Jlai: HCKaM ~a/MOJKe JIH ~a rOBop" C ~ac? r -8 A C'bJKaJIRBaM. KOHTO JKHBe"T B E'bnrapH". (e) F: r-H AHTOHOB H r-H ~OHC'bH HRMaT HYJK~a OT npeBo~aq. (e) F: T" rOBopH 4lpeHcKH Hau-~06pe. (e) T" rOBopH 4lpeHcKH. neT. (c) nx. (c) ETo M'bJKa MH. KOUTO 3aMHHaBa 3a AHrJIHg? aHrJIHqaHH. (c) KOJIHqKa. (h) ~PYro. 6 . ii (d). (b) T. 7 Ka3BaM ce (your name) HMaTe JIH nHCMa. KOR (cnHpKa) e nO-6JIH30? 4 (a) Kou. if) Tou TpR6Ba ~a rOBopH no-6aBHo.na. 2 He. if) ~PYrH. 3 F: MHJIeHa n03HaBa HRKOJIKOyqHTeJIg no aHrJIHHCKH. TOU HRMa np06JIeMH B C041H". Exercises 1 (a) MHoro alITJIHqaHH JIH HMa B XOTeJIa? (b) MHoro 6bnrapH JIH rOBop"T aHrJIHUCKH? (c) EbnrapH JIH ca r-H AHTOHOB H HHKOJIau? (d) EbnrapH H alITJIHqaHH JIH pa60T"T B'bB 4lHpMaTa? (e) AHrJIHqaHH JIH ca r-H H r-JKa KOJIHHC? 2 (a) ~PYrH.llIDIII: . (d) Typiicr H3BHHeTe. (e) HOCaq. ~Be.

Do you understand? 1 T.a.rrema. if) nHJI3eHCKaTa 6lipa. if) rr'f.Ba Ca~Hqa C mYHKa H eMH C KamKaBllJI. (b) CJIHBOBaTa paKHH.l].l].if) rrJI6~OBaTa T6pTa.other combinations will also do: (a) E~a 3eJIeHq)rKOBa c)rrra H e~ OMJIeT C1>C cHpeHe. ~a oT~eM! (c) . HO ca Hait-rrpeCHH.a.l]. 6 Try the following menus . 6 3a nHeHe Te rrop'f.TH.Be BereTapHaHCKH CYIIH H ~Ba rr'f. (b) rr'f.aitTe MH e~HH KHJIOrpaM THKBHqKH. if) rrpe~nOqHTa. 8 (a) Kyrrli MJIRKO. CJIa~dpHHUaTa e oTB6peHa. M6JIH! (c) Ce~H. (d) mOKOJIa~OBaTa T6pTa.qBaTe.3 B TapaT6pa HMa KHCeJIOMJIRKO. . ~e.a nop'f. (c) TapaT6p e cTy~eHa Unit 9 Questions 1 (a) HeBeHa HCKa ~a rOB6pH C r-:lKa K6JIHHC. M6JIH! (b) EJIa. (e) F: r-:lKa K6JIHHC He HCKa rrpaCKOBH. . M6JIH! 9 (a).rrem? 10 (a) R61>JIKHTe ca rr6-eBTHHH OT rrpacKoBHTe.HTe Ha rra3apa He ca eBTHHH.qaMe.. .l]. (e) ~Ba rr'f.l].qaMe CJIHBOBapaKHH! (c) CepBHTb6p1>T nperrop'f. (h) 6'f.qa. M6JIH. 275 . Do you understand? 1 qacbT e 6ceM H nOJIOBHHa.l].nrapcKHTe CrreUHaJIHTem.ll. 5 (a) ~Be. (g) HO:lK6Be. if) BCHqKO CTPyBa TPHitceT H 6ceM JIeBa H meitceT CTOTHHKH. (d) rrperrop'f.Hait-~o6pe e ~a OTli~aT Ha moapa.p1>rrHH(d) He rrHrrait! 3 M6:lKe JIH ~a MH d:lKeTe: (a) K1>~eHMa TeJIe4>6H?(b) K1>~eHMa 6aHKa? (c) K1>~e HMa arrTeKa? (d) K1>~eHMa rraBHJIH6H? 4 M6:lKe JIH ~a MH rrOKa:lKeTe: (a) T63H qa~'f.l]. (e) 6'f. rp63~OB COK.nrapcKoTo KHceJIO MJIRKO.qBa qama BHHO. (j) ~BaMa. ~Be.qBa rrHJIemKa c)rrra. (b) F: r-H K6JIHHC He HCKa ~a KyrrH THKBHqKH.oMaTHTe ca rr6-rrpecHH OT THKBHqKHTe.(d) K6JIKO CTPyBaT rrpacKoBHTe? . (b) T.: S- f I Unit 8 Questions Toit 1 (a) r-H . ~eC1>H. rrOKa:lKeTe MH TOBa cnHcaHHe! (e) M6:lKe JIH ~a MH ~aAeTe T63H rr'f. MH6ro 06HqaM ~a dpaM CKH. if) F: Ha 66e~ r-H AHT6HOB rrop'f. (b) MMa qepeH qait. ~a oT~eM! (b) .l]. (d) 6aHaHH. (b) rrperrop'f. (c) He.a nop'f. (g) rrop'f. rrpaCKOBH H rp63~e. Exercises 1 (a) CepBHTb6p1>T rrperrop'f. (d) .l]. KH4>JIHH 6aHHqKH. (c) K6JIKO CTPyBaT R61>JIKHTe?. if) ~a. (d) F: r-H AHT6HOB H r-H . (h) HRKOJIKO H6:lKa.ait.qBa/rrpe~OqHTa. (i) HRKOJIKO6'f. Unit 7 Questions 1 (a) cYrra OT mceJIo MJIRKO H KpaCTaBHIJ. M6JIH! (d) Bli:lK.qaa qama 6RJIO BHHO. (d) ~Be.p/KpeM? (b) Ta3H dpTa/qama? (c) TOBa clIHcaHHel JIedpcTBo? (d) Te3H HO:lK6Be/crrHcaHHHI KpeMoBe/qamH? 5 (a) K6JIKO CTPYsaT KpacTaBHUHTe? . M6JIH! if) .lEMH nopTodJIOB COK.rremH. R61>JIKOB COK H COK OT RrO~.l]. (d) Toit HCKa e~HH KHJIorpaM ~OM3.HH cHpeHe. (e) 3a nHeHe r-H .aitTe MH eMH KHJIOrpaM rrpacKoBH. (c)rrpe~OqHTaTe.l]. (b) KI04>TeTaTa.qaMe 6'f. (b) Ke6arrqeTaTa.m KI04>TeTa/nHua C KamKaBllJI.qaTe.ll.l].JIHeHHTe qymKH. 2 . (i) ~Be.nrapcKH rpa~a (j) rpa~oBe 2 (a) llJIaTeTe Ha KacaTa! He rrHrrait! (b) lla3eTe qHCToTa! He ra3eTe TpeBaTa! (c) liyTHH! .l]. ~a lIJIaTHM! (d) . (g) ~BaMa. (e) qepBeHHTe R61>JIKH. 6 (a) . 7 KaKBH caMB~H HMaTe?/. (c) T.qaMe 3eJIeHqYKoBa c)rrra! 2 (a) rrpenop'f. (e) rrop'f. (b) ~a.a.qBa m6rrcKaTa canaTa. (c) ~Be. KpaCTaBHua. M6JIH. (e) ~a. KpaCTaBHIJ.a rrop'f. (d) HMa rrOpTOKllJIOB COK. (b) llJIO~OBeTe H 3eJIeHqYn. 4 3a 3aKycKa HMa CaMBHqH.COJI.rrem1>T e rr6-eJIa~1>K OT rp63~eTO.a.5 F: KapTHqKHTe CTPYsaT JIeB H ~aitceT 6 T. (c) BereTapHaHCKaTa c)rrra. M6JIH! (e) Ka:lKli.l]. 6~e e paHo 3a pa6oTa. HO a3 rrpe~OqHTaM 3eJIeHqYKOBa. (c) T.qBa rrHJI3eHCKa 6Hpa. (c) 6RJIOTO rp63~e.aitTe MH e~ KHJIOrpaM KpaCTaBHUH. MeHToB qait H 6HJIKOB qait.aitTe HH KJIIOqa. ~a ce o6a~M! 7 (a) . (b) XJIe6qeTaTa. 3 He.TH OMJIeT C mYHKa/KI04>TeTa. (c) ll'f. (c) qempH 3eJIeHqYKoBH CYrrH H qempH n'f. (c) HMa rrJI6~OBa T6pTa. 9 (a) BereTepHaHcKaTa cyna. 4 (a) HMa HecKa4>e H ecnpeco.qBaT ~a caH~BHqa H ~e rrapqeTa T6pTa. MH6ro 06HqaM ~a rr1>TyBaM. He 06HqaM ~a HrpaH Ha KOMrrIOT1>p. (e) TH rrpo~aBa R61>JIKH.a.qBaT ~Be Ka4>eTa ecnpeco H ~Ba R61>JIKOBH c6Ka. 5 3a MeHe Te nop'f. (b).a. if) r-H AHT6HOB rrop'f.a.:lK6HC1>H nop'f. mOKOJIa~OBa T6pTa H 6pexoBa T6pTa.l]. (b) . .:lK6HC1>H HCKa lIJI6~OB COK.ll. Exercises 1 (a) IIJIHKOBe.l].aitTe MH e~HH KHJIOrpaM R61>JIKH. ~e K6JIH H TPH Ka4>eTa.a BH ~aM JIH cOJITa? (b) M6:lKe JIH ~a HH rrOd:lKeTe CTaHTa? (c) .H. (d) T. (k) ~Be. ~Be. (g) 6eJIHTe XJIe6qeTa. (d) nHJIemKaTa c)rrra. M6JIH! (d) M6JIH. 10 (a) 6RJIOTO BHHO. 3 F: r-:lKa K6JIHHC HCKa ~eeeT 6HJIeTa 3a TPaMBait.ll. (c) ~a 6aHaHa.l]. MH6ro 06HqaM ~a qeTa. (h) ~a. (e) KpaCTaBHUHTe ca rr6-rOJIeMH OT THKBHqKHTe.l].qBa rp63~oBa pamH.l]. (e) .qBaT qeTHpH 6eJIH XJIe6qeTa. (d) Ha~H e rr6-3aeTa OT HeBeHa. (b) K6JIKO cTPyBaT THKBHqKHTe? . if) T. 6JIHO H 6peXH. (c) r-:lKll K6JIHHC He 06Hqa THKBHqKH.nrapcKa. (b) ~Ba IIJIHKa.l]. 2 (a) F: r-H H r-:lKll K6JIHHC HCKaT HeBeHa ~a HM rrOKll:lKe Mara3HH 3a lIJIO~OBe H 3eJIeHqYUH.a.:lK6HC1>H HCKa ~a B~ MeHIOTo. HO a3 rrpe~rrOqHTaM CJIHBOBa. He o6JiqaM ~a rra3apYsaM.l]. (b) He.nrapcKa 6Hpa! (b) CepBHTb6p1>T rrpenop'f. HO a3 rrpe~OqHTaM 6'f. 2 (a) F: m6rrcKaTa caJIaTa e C ~oMaTH. 8 (i) (a) ~e Ke6anqeTa. 4 F: r -:lKa K6JIHHC HCKa ~a IIJIHKa H ~Be MapKH.(d) Toit npe~oqJiTa T6lIJIa cYrra. (e) T. 2 T. (ill) (a) ~Be KI04>TeTa. (b)nop'f. (l) ~a. (ii) (a) ~e XJIe6qeTa.

T. Mou 'Ia. v (c).ee XOTeJI«WepaToH»? (no definite article needed with names of hotels!) (d) Kb.a 6i.(d) YTpe me 6i. (e) MwaTa CHHg 'IaHTa e Ha ~oH/MwaTa 'IaHTa Ha ~OH e CHHg. (e) Hrpag Ha KllpTH. iii (a).'Ia TaKcH H .a oTH.n.lJ.n.o cnHpKaTa Ha TpOJIeH HOMep e.a HaMepu 6arlbKa Ha MOM'IeTaTa. Unit 10 Questions 1 (a) HHKoJIaH 6i.n.ee CnHpKaTa Ha TpOJIeH HOMep . BRTbPbT no qepHoMopHeTo me 6i.a nopi. if) Ha.BaXOTeJIa.n.a.e JIH cTy. TaJH nanKa He e MOg.n. (e) HeroBHu XOTeJIce KaJBa «Cep. f1306mo He e Ki. (c) HaHcTHHa. MoeTO nopTMOHe e nO-rOmIMo.n.He cl.n.ee MHTHHuaTa? (c) Kb.n. yTpe HRMa . Moua nHcwa e nO-rOmIMa.TypHcT Be'le 3HaH HMeTo Ha XOTeJIa MH. MHoro e 3a6aBHo. (d) Ha. Mou MOJIHBe nO-rOmIM.) 4 i (e)./YTpe.n. (d) T. iv (b).n.a: (a) Hrpag TeHHc.HH MecTa.o YHHBepcHTeTa. HO BeTpoBHTO.p e nO-rOmIM. r-H nOJIHuaH. (d) TeMnepaTyPaTa Ha MopeTo me 6i. (c) T.p JIH e TOBa? He.n. (d) HaHcTHHa.. T03H MOJIHBHe e MOH.n.a MH nOKll)l(eTe: (a) Kb.CHO.e OKOJIO.n. (e) F: r-H ~OHCbH cHrypHo He HOCHTypHcTH'IeCKH06yBKU.276 f Sf I (b) MOM'IeTaTa ca Ha JIenUueTo.JIaraM .n. ii (e).06HO.n.n.3 i (d).n. 8 (a) HRMa H.e 06JIa'lHO U Mpa'iHo.b~OBHO. (e) YTpe me 6i.M CbrJIaceH/cbrJIaCHa.n.e RCHOU ropemo. MogT 6eJIe)I(HHKe no-romIM.n. 3 T.n. 4 F: r-H U r-)I(a KOJIHHCHMaT MaJIKOpa60Ta B COcIJUH.n. M a3 me B3eMa MoeTo RKe. T03H 'Ia.e TOnJIO U CJI'bH'IeBO.n.. Mou XOTeJIce Kll3Ba «Cep.n.g npe.a 3ana3H Maca B peCTopaHTa 3a MaHKbJI )]. CbrJIaCHa JIH cu? IBpeMeTo me 6i. 5 HRMa.e JIH TOnJIO U CJI'bH'IeBo? He.Be?(e) Kb.M CbrJIaCeH/cbrJIaCHa. MHOro e ropemo.a/He.lJ..HaCHHg 'IaHTa.lloJIBQU KaK ce Ka3Ba XOTeJIbT BH? TYPHCT 3a Cb)l(aJIeHHe. 7 F: Te He 3HaHT Kb. Mora .n.n. lloJIBQu HMa .a BH nOMoma? (b) MOM'IeTaTa OT AMepHKa HMaT Hy~a OT npeBo.e npe.HOI .n.lJ. TYPHCT'bTHe 3Hae HMeTO My/HMeTo Ha XOTeJIa.p He e MOH.n.oH.y. (c) HRMa ro. (e) HRMa H.n.n.. 4 (a) He.n.n.ee UeHTpaJIHa noma.n.a HaMepg CBOg XOTeJI.yca.i.HKa».a 6i. He Mora .H'IeBOH TOnJIo. (b) JIecHoITpy.e Me)l(. iv (c).n.e MbrJIHBo. (f) TBOU MOJIHBJIH e TOBa? He.a 6i. HO e 6JIH30 .n.. (b) F: r-)I(a KOJIHHCMO)l(e . Iho6mo He e y. lloJIBQU Ha KORyJIHUa e XOTeJIbT? TypHCT He 3Hag Ha KORyJIHua e.n. yTpe HRMa . E. TaJH nHcwa He e MOg.n. MHOro e JIeCHO.n.He cl. 3Hag caMO. (b) HRMa ro.n.[(0 r-H U r-)I(a KOJIHHCHMa cB06o. Mou KYclJape nO-rOmIM. (e) F: KYclJapHTe Ha KeH He ca rOJIeMH.n.. if) T..e xy6aBo.a 6i. Ibo6mo He e JIecHo.a OTH. TaJH XHMHKWa He e MOg.a MH nOMorHeTe? He Mora .n.aTB MeJIHHK.n.n. (e) B Kpag Ha ce.HKa».a 'IygT nporHo3aTa no pa. (c) ru..n.M CbrJIaceH/cbrJIaCHa.i.n. (e) HaHcTuHa. MO)l(eTe JIH .n.n. ii (d)..n.n. (b) TBoeTo nopTMoHe JIH e TOBa? He.n..n.n.e MHoro xy6aBO.a 6i. (e) TBoua nHcwa JIH e TOBa? He. (b) He.a . (d) F: YTpe BpeMeTO Ha BHTorna HRMa .n.HoTo..o CnHpKaTa Ha TpOJIeH HOMep e.n.n. (c) Te ca OT AMepHKa. 3amOTO HRMaM BpeMe.n. Ibo6mo He e ropemo. if) F: WecIJbT me ce CbrJIaCH . (g) BHc6KHU Mb)l( HOCHe. 3 IhBHHeTe.HKa».p3a.a OTH.n.n.n.li.n.n.a 6i.. (b) YTpe me 6i.n.MHuaTa BpeMeTo me 6i.n.e CTY.n. (c) YTpe Ha BHTorna BpeMeTo me 6i. (c) XOTeJIbT e 6JIH30 . MO)l(eTe JIH .HMHo CJIi.n. v (b).n.n. T03H KYclJapHe e MOH. 6 (a) r-H AHTOHOB me ce CbrJIaCH 6i.e JIH 06JIa'lHO H Mpa'lHo? He.o YHHBepcHTeTa. (b) KllpaM CKH. He 3Hag.n. (d) Te HMaT Hy~a OT npeBo.. 2 )].eM Ha eKcKYp3Hg.BaHceTU lJ'H rpa.06HO. .n.lJ.M CbrJIaCeH/cbrJIaCHa. Exercises 1 (a) C KaKBOMora .a'l. (g) TBOU 6eJIe)I(HHKJIH e TOBa? He.n..e 6i.n.lnpe. (c) T.a OTH.n.n. 'Ie e 6JIH30 .n. 5 (a) TBOgT KYclJapJIH e TOBa? He.. yTpe HRMa . Moua XHMHKwa e nO-rOmIMa.p30/JIeCHO/Tpy.H me rOBopu C rnecIJa. (b) He.n. Exercises 1 (a) YTpe me 6i.HHHU ce Kll3Ba «COcIJHg».n. 3amoTO TpR6Ba .e e UeHTpliJIHa rapa? (no definite article here either. (b) Te MoraT .n.(c) nJIYBaM.e cJIa6 .)I(OHCbH H lioilH AHTOHOB.e . 2 (a) T. YTpe HRMa .i.n.eB MeJIHHK.n.ee anTeKaTa? (b) Kb.PYrHJITce KaJBa «Cep.n.n..a HaMepu 6ara)l(a Ha MOM'IeTaTa. (d»)].Barpa.pbT MH ro HRMa! lieJIe)I(HHKbT MH ro HRMa! nanKaTa MH g HRMa! napHTe MH rH HRMa! 7 (a) TYPHCT'bTHe MO)l(e ..i.HoH TpOJIeH HOMep neT.n.JIara . Iho6mo He e 3a6aBHO.n.e JIH H .n. 6 F: E.n.n.Ho H TpOJIeH HOMep neT.o yMepeH. (d) KllpaM Kona.a nopi.n. if) KeH HMa . TOBa nopTMOHe He e MOe. (b) HaHcTuHa. (d) TBoua nafiKa JIH e TOBa? He.'I. 2 (a) HaHCTHHa.H'IeBO.n.e JIH MbrJIHBo? He.HHHeUH KOJIera 5 3aMHHaBa CKOpO3a AHrJIHH.n. yTpe HRMa . (b) F: HUKoJIaH TpR6Ba .eHo BJIa)l(Ho.M CbrJIaceH/cbrJIaCHa.n.eHo U BJIa)l(Ho? He. He Ci. (c) MHTHH'IapHTe He MoraT .n.BaKYclJapa. 6 nOpTMoHeTo MH ro HRMa! liarlbKbT MH ro HRMa! qa.[(06pe.eHa JIeTHmeTO. 2 T. MHoro e y. .o YHHBepcHTeTa HMa . ill (a).a 3ambu Maca B peCTopaHTa.n.n.lJ.HO.HH'IepeH KYclJapH e.n. (d) TOBa He e MOU 6arlbK.cHO. (e) MHTHH'lapHTe He MoraT .n.BaHCeTH OceM H TpHHceT H . T03H 6eJIe)I(HHKHe e MOH. Moua nanKa e nO-rOmIMa. MHoro e Ki. (c) YTpe me 6i.yca. (c) TBOgT 'Ia.b~OBHO? He.a. He cl. Do you understand? 1 F: . He cl.BaXOTeJIa 6JIH30 . (d) HRMa ru.a HaMepH CBOg XOTeJI.n.n. YTpe me 6i. 2 (a) F: Te ca Ha JIernmeTo.n.e CJIi. (h) TBoua XHMHKwa JIH e TOBa? He.'Ia TaKCHH .TypHCT IbBHHeTe..

Do you understand? 1 T. 4 (a) c'b60Ta. 5 F: MHJIeHa He 06H'Ia Aa CTaBa paHo. (b) F: HaAjI Ka3Ba.TH.6 (a) B rrOHeACJIHHKHaAjI me rroM6fHe Ha HHKOJIaii C AOKYMCHTHTe. KOHTO pa66Tu B'bB <l>HpMaTa. (d) ill-w-w! rOBOpH rr6-THxo! Do you understand? 1 T. (d) xapeeBa. (c) OCTaBjlw. BTO.lDates: KaKB6 me rrpaBHw Ha oceMHaiiceTH. 3a YTpe.)I(6HC'bH HCKa Aa oTIiAe B li6pOBeQ. AeBeTHaHceTH.)I(6HC'bH HilMa Aa '1aKa AbJIfO TaM. (b) cTaBaMe. BnH3a. (b) i. (g) He. (e) T.3Ba Ha HaAjI Aa He rrOpb'lBa 6me.l.lUIe Ha MacaTa B br'bJIa. if) xapecaTe.J.3Ba "M6JIj1. BTO H6cH. (c) IiABa. BTO.BaiiceT H 6CMH arrpHn.ll. (j) xapeea. rrOpb'lBa. KORTO rrpHCTHra OT Rrr6HHjI. Unit 13 Questions 1 (a) ITpHCTHrHaXMe K'bM cCAeM '1aca. (c) TpY. if) HHKoJIaii 06H'Ia Aa cRAa AO xy6aBH MOMH'IeTa.J. TpHHaHceTH OKT6MBpH. (i) 06H'Ia. 6 F: KeH TPR6Ba Aa oTHAe B arCHQHjlTa B rrOHeAcJIHHK.)I(6HCDH r-H AHT6HOB ca rrOK3. Exercises 1 (a) OCTaBH.)I( HMa pecTopaHT H ToaneTHa.ll. U. (b) IT'bT}rBaHeTO HH 6ewe rrpHhHo. 3am6TO XOTeJIDT e B peM6HT H rroHRKora rraAaT TC)I(KH rrpe. KoraTo rrpHcTHrHaxMe B rpaAa. (d) ITpoAaBaT WaMDOaHH Ha rrapTepa. TjI HABa. (b) ITpoAaBaT rrap<l>IDMH Ha rrapTepa.lUl0/JIeCHo/6bp30 me HaMepHM 6anbKa. (d) iv. ABaiiceTH.6 (a) 06H'Ia. 4 T.a. 4 F: KeH He M6)1(e Aa rr'bTyBa Ha ABaiiceT H BT6pH IDJIH. (d) B '1eTBbpT'bK HaAjI me H3rrparH rroKaHH Ha BCH'IKH. Exercises 1 (a) Ha rrapTepa HMa rrOAap'bQH H K03MeTHKa. (c) B XOTeJI B QeHThpa Ha lienrpaA. if) libJIfapCKH e3HK.if) He CTHfHaxMe AO rrJIOmaAa C QbpKBaTa. (b) Ha rrbpBHjI eTa)l( HMa BCH'IKO 3a AeTeTo. cRAa. (d) . B rreThK. (d) Te me oTIiAaT Ha rraHaHpa Ha rrbpBHjI AeH.J. (c) r-H . (e) T. 3am6To r-H .paT HarrpaBo H me CTHrHaT eAIiH rrJIOmaA. 'Ie HHKoJIaii BHHarH 3aK'bcHilBa.l:()I(6HC'bHK3. (c) B cpMa HliAjI me oTroB6pH Ha IIHCM6TO Ha xYA6)1(HHKa. KoraTo rrpHCTHrHaXMe. (b) JIygc63eH aBT06yc.e) Ha '1eTBbpmjl eTa)l( HMa KHJIHMH. TjI HRMa M06HJIeH TeJIe<l>6H(GSM). 6 CepBHTh6p'bT me rroM6rHe Ha r-H . 2 (a) F: HHKoJIaii Tpil6Ba Aa A6iiAe CJIeA M3. XaHAe H HHe Aa cC. me oTHAa rr66nH30. if) iv. H HHe me H36epeM Hemo. 3am6TO TjI e 3arra3eHa. if) B cb60Ta HaAjI me KYrrH rrOAap'bK Ha cHHa Ha AHT6HOBH. He '1aKa. (b) OCTaBjI. (e) 06H'Ia. (g) B HeAcJIjI HaAjI me rrOKa)l(e Ha MHJIeHa H6BHTe IIJIaK3. 2 (a) F: r-H H r-)I(a K6JIHHC me K3. 5 r -H . BTO BH)I(Aa. 2 F: Ha BHTowa BHHarH e rr6CTYAeHo. (e) r-H AHT6HOB TPR6Ba Aa ce BbpHe B C6<l>HjI Ha ABaiiceT H BT6pH Maii. (e) EKCKyP3HjI AO H6BH CaA.J.278 f (. 3am6TO HHKOJIaii me A6iiAe CJIeA MaJIKo. 3a Aa pa3rJIeAaM 6nY3aTa Ii. xaHAe Aa BJIbeM.l. (d) ITp06JIeMHTe HH 3arr6'1HaXa. 3am6To Toii He pa36Hpa BCH'IKO B MeHIDTo. 6cMH cerrTeMBpH. (c) T. ABaiiceT H rrbpBH. (b) Ha Hejl. 3 (a) Ha Hero. (d) Ha TXX. (g) xapecBaT/06H'IaT.eHaTa He BKJIID'IBa 6HJIeTH 3a My3CH. 4 r -H . BH)I()]. 2 (a) F: r-H . 3a Aa pa3fJleAa XOTeJIHTe. (c) ITpoAaBaT RKeTa Ha TpCTHjI eTa)l(. (h) 06H'iaM.l. (b) B'bB BT6pHHK HaAjI me K3. '1eTBbpTH aBrycT.l.l:()I(6HC'bH TPjl6Ba Aa HarrpaBu IIJIaH 3a CJIeABamaTa cC.l:()I(6HCDH He TpR6Ba Aa rrapKIipa AO Ta6cJIKaTa. (b) MHJICHa K3. (c) Ha Hero. 2 F: r -H H r-)I(a K6JIHHC me 6bAaT B'bB BapHa AO '1eTBbpTH IDHH. 3am6To YJIHQaTa 6cwe B peM6HT. 3am6TO xapeCBa MHJICHa. ABaiiceT H TPeTH H ABaiiceT H '1eTBbpm Maii? Questions 1 (a) HaAjI He 06H'Ia Aa '1aKa. 6 T. 3 (a) rroMara. 3a Aa HMaT BpeMe Aa pa3rJIcAaT BCH'iKO.JIKO.l. 3 F: MeJIHHK e Ha lOr. (d) F: MHJICHa He 06H'Ia Aa '1aKa. 3a c'b60Ta.J. rH.Mcm. 2 (a) ii. (d) rrOpb'lBa. 3 T. (d) MHJIeHa HCKa Aa ce 06aAH Ha HHKOJIaii. (c) v. Ha K6HTO HMa QbpKBa.l:()I(6HC'bH.l:()I(6HCDH He M6)1(e Aa cC. (b) xapecBa/06H'Ia.MHQa. (k) xapecBa. ro. 3a Aa ro rrorrHTa 3am6 He HABa. 4 HCKaM Aa BHAjI. 5 BTO. (e) iii. jI. if) Ha rreTHjI ( eT3.lUIeM. (b) rreT'bK. (c) 06H'Ia.HeHHHa H3JI6)1(6a B'bB H BT6pHHK rrpeAIi 66eA. (b) r-H . 5 (a) EAHH rrpHheH yHKeHA. 6cwe 6me CBCTJIO. 3 llOJIHQajlT rrperrOpb'lBa MaJIKHjI peCTopaHT. rrJIama.)I(6HC'bH HCKa Aa oTHAe caM. f 6bP30 me HaMepHM nipaTa. 2 ITapKHHf'bT e 3aA XOTeJIa.)I(e Ha we<l>a 3a AaTaTa Ha H3JI6)1(6aTa. ABaHceT H BT6pH. (e) He. Do you understand? 1 r-H . (c) F: ITperoBopHTe me 6bAaT Ha BT6pHjI H TpCTHjI AeH. (d) Ha TpeTHjI eTa)l( HMa Mb)l(Ka H AaMcKa KOH<l>eKQHjI. (b) T. (b) F: XOTeJI «OACca» e . HCKaM Aa rrOpb'law. (c) Ha BT6pHjI eTa)l( HMa 06}rBKH. BT6pH IDHH. ro. 3am6To HilMaxMe KapTa Ha rpaAa. HeAcHTe Aa 6bp3aTe". (c) CPMa. (c) HMaXMe rrp06JIeMH. 5 T. CTaBa H oTHBa. (e) He. (d) F: r-H AHT6HOB me rrocpeWHe AeJIeraQHjI. BTO H36Hpa. (c) CrropCA HaAjI HHKOJIaH me A6iiAe. (e) B rreT'bK HaAjI me ce 06aAH Ha KOJICraTa B ITJI6BAHB. 2 (a) ITpoAaBaT MapaT6HKH Ha BT6pHjI eTa)l(. I Unit 12 Unit 11 Questions 1 (a) r -H AHT6HOB H r-H .

6 KapaXMe HanpaBo no Ta3H yJIHUa. XapeeBa JIH TH? . (d) CarnKO 6JIarOAapH Ha MaHKbJI . remember?). (c) TIHe if ce BOAa. (b) TIOKaHeH(a) C'hM Ha cBaT6a.rul:Ha. 2 (a) F: MH6ro x6pa KynyBaT UBeTH AHec. (b) B'Iepa MHJIeHa AOHece e. CTapHB:Tearhp H UbpKBaTa «CBeTH KOHCTaHTHH H EJIeHa». qecTHTo! TI03ApaBHBaM BH C H6BHB:anapTaMeHT. (d) HanpaBH. (b) . vii (b). HMax Bb3M6)f(HOCT Aa 6bAa npeBOAa'l.LJ:a. Exercises 1 i (e).aTa MH6ro MH xapecBa. (e) . AeHHT Ha 6i. vi (b). qecTHTO! TI03APaBHBaM BH C ycnexa. 5 (a) .LJ:)f(6HCbH M6)f(e Aa Ka)f(e Ha CarnKO "qecTHT He pO)f(AeH AeH".rn6nCKaTa canaTa MH6ro MH xapecBa.LJ:)f(6HCbH rnOKOJIaAa H 3a MOnHBHTe. qecTHTO! TI03ApaBH- BaM BH C'hCcBaT6aTa. (e).lHa HaAH if ce nHe BOAa. Exercises 1 TI03ApaBHBaM BH C H6BaTa pa60Ta. (c) B'Iepa AOHecoXMe 6pornypH OT naHaHpa B TIJI6BAHB. (c) 3aMHHaxa. CTHrHaX e.LJ:a. .Pa3rJIeAa JIH KpHnTaTa? • . if) B'Iepa r-H AHT6HOB H CHHbT My AOHecoxa ABe 6YnInKH BHHO OT KyxHHTa. 3am6TO He 6erne MH6ro ropemo. (c) T. (d) MHHaJIaTa rOAHHa no TOBa BpeMe TB:HMarne rpHn C BHc6Ka TeMnepaT)'pa. (b) KyllH. a He CHHMKH. .nbJIHeHHTe '1YrnKH MH6ro MH xapecBaT. (e) F: CarnKo 06H'Ia Aa nOMara. (c) . (d) KoraTO npHCTHrHa rpyna aHrJIH'laHH. HO Ta3H MH xapecBa. (g) nOpb'laX. 6 (a) B'Iepa MaUKbJI ~6HCbH H HHKOJIaU AOHecoxa p63H 3a 3JIaTKa AHT6HoBa.AmeKaTa e Ha 6KOJIO ABauceT MeTpa BJIB:BO.LJ:a. 3aBHx HadcHo H Kapax HanpaBo.rul:Ha. KaT6 CTHrHaX llJIOmaAa. if) liOHH AHT6HOB me AOHece BHHOTOOT KyxHHTa.pa3rJIeAax H HeB:. if) me nOKa)f(a Ha HaAB: OT KapTH'lKH. AnTeKaTa 6erne Ha 6KOJIO ABauceT Merpa BJIB:BO.cpemy M6pcKaTa rpa. (b) TB: He ce '1)'BCTBaA06pe. (e) T. 3am6TO 3ary6Hx 4>6ToanapaTa CH.nrapcKaTa KyJITyPa. Ha BT6paTa yJIHua 3aBHHTe HaJIB:BO H n6cJIe BeAHara 3aBHuTe HaAHcHo. v (a). 3am6TO He if ce B:Ae. if) T.LJ:a. . 5 BbpBeTe HanpaBo no Ta3H yJIHua. Ha BT6paTa yJIHUa 3aBHxMe HaJIB:BOH n6cJIe BeAHara 3aBHxMe HaAHcHo. 2 (a) F: MHJIeHa He HCKa KeKC. Exercises 1i (c). KapaxMe HanpaBo H CTHrHaXMe eAHH nJIoml:iA. if) nHTaxMe. (c) MaUKbJI ~6HCbH e nodHeH Ha H3JI6)K6a. v (d). (c) MaUKbJI . napKHpax Ha mipKHHra H nHTaX naK.Xapeea JIH TH? • MH6ro MH xapeca. (e) TIoAapbUH ce nOJIY'laBaT Ha pO)f(AeH AeH. iv if). 4 Bud JIH KaTeAparraTa «CBeTH AneKcaHAbp HeBcKH»? • . (b) T. 3am6TO B: 60nH CToMaxbTI HMa 66J1KH B cToMaxa. Hi (e).rul:HY'le6HHK 3a HHKOJIau. (d) F: 3JIaTKa AHT6HoBa me nOKaHH r6CTHTe B x6JIa. (d) B'Iepa AOHecoxTe JIH nOAapbK 3a cB6HTe npHheJIH? (e) B'Iepa MaUKbJI ~6HC'hH AOHece rnOKOJIaA 3a CarnKo. qeCTHTO! 2 (a) MHJIeHa e nOKaHeHa Ha 6nepa. 4 BbpHax ce no c'bmaTa yJIHua. 4 TB: HM I!0)KeJIaBa MH6ro maCTHe.(b) B CTapHB:rpaA pa3meAax PHMcKaTa CTeHa.3 Te ce 3an03Haxa B li6poBeu MHHaJIaTa rO. (b»):(Hec ce npa3HyBa KHpHJI H MeT6AHu. ii if). if) . (c) BpeMeTo 6erne npHHTHo.A3 He • pa36HpaM OT HK6HH. iv (c). (e) 3an6'IHa.LJ:a. (c) T. 2 EJIH llpeAJIara 60H66HH Ha HeBeHa no c$au cBaT6aTa.rul:H6yJIeBapA.LJ:a. 5 KoraTo 3an6'1BaT Aa nHB:T KOHHK. (h) .LVIcHO. My3eB:T He 6erne AaJIe'le OT llJIOmaAa. 6bnrapcKoTo BHHO MH6ro MH xapecBa. 281 f Sf f = Unit 15 Questions 1 (a) MHJIeHa He HCKa n6Be'le KeKC. qeCTHTO! TI03ApaBHBaM BH C nphHHKa. (e) F: PecTopaHTbT e Ha napTepa BJIB:BO. (d) Te ca nOKaHeHH Ha napTH. Ha rpeTaTa yJIHua BJIB:BO 3aBHxMe HanHBO. Unit 14 Questions 1 (a) Koraro ce x6AH Ha r6CTH B libnrapHB: Ha AOMaKHHHTa ce H6CHT UBeTH H 60H66HH. (c) F: r-H H r-)f(a K6JIHHC npHcTllrHaxa BbB BapHa KbM ceAeM '1aca. 2 (a) Kora 3an6'1Ha Aa Bami? (b) 3am6 3ary6HxTe niml? (c) K'hAe e 6aHKaTa? (d) Kor6 IIll:TaXTe KbAe e MarHcTparraTa? (e) Kou BH nOM6rHa Aa HaMepHTe niml? if) KbAe 3aBHxTe HaAHCHO? (a) 3 06MBax.M6)f(e JIH Aa B:BHAB:? Pa36Hpa ceo lho B:. Ha TpeTaTa yJIHua BJIB:BO 3aBHuTe HaJIB:BO. (e) TIodHeHH JIH CTe Ha KOKTeUJIa?3 (a) KbAe ce 06MeHB: Ban)'Ta? (b) KaKB6 He ce npOAaBa Ha MaJIOJIeTHH?(c) Kora ce npaBHT pe3epBaUHH? (d) KbAe ce onlBa C T63H rpaMBau? (e) KaKB6 ce BH)f(Aa OTTyK? if) KaKB6 ce B~a OTTyK? (Singular verb after KaKBo. KyllHX eMa Mwa HK6Ha. Do you unders!Wtd? 1 Te npa3H)'Baxa B pecTopaHT «liepnHH». (d).EJIH H ~OH Ka3BaT "Ha3ApaBe!". (d) T. (e) AHrJIH'IaHHTe TbpcHxa npeBOAa'la BbB 4>oaueTo BJIB:BO peuenUHHTa.60H66HHTe MH6ro MH xapeeBaT. ii (g). 3am6TO Mec He e pO)f(AeHHB:TAeH Aa CarnKO. BHAHx B:. Do you understand? (a) HHMax npeAcTaBa OT 6bnrapcKaTa HCT6pHB:. (e) qOBeK rpH6Ba Aa ce rpH)KH 3a 3ApaBeTo CH.TapaT6pbT MH6ro MH xapeeBa.TIpeA KpHnTaTa ce npoAaBaxa HK6HH. BbpBeTe HanpaBo H me cTHrHeTe eAHH nJIOmaA. (d) .LJ:a.B. KOMnaKTAHCKbT C 6bnrapcKa MY3HKa MH6ro MH xapeeBa. OT B'Iepa B:60nH CToMaXbT. Hi (a). (g) .LJ:a.Te3H UBeTH MH6ro MH xapeeBaT.LJ:a.6aHHIJ. vi (b). (d) F: TB: HHMa xpeMa H KarnJIHua.. (b) F: KeKcbT MH6ro if xapeca. (h) H3npam.LJ:a.

aKO 6J1XHa TBoe MJ1CTO.T Ha r-)f(a KOJIRHCHe ce '1yscTBa )l06pe.nll.if) QeJIRJI )leH rosopRX Ha 61.l:(x<OH EJIR. 3amOTO ro 60JIeme rJIasaTa. 3 (a) . (e) xenaTHT. (b) ome. (e) OTH)lOX Ha JIeKap. 6 You Kano HCKame )la )la)le r-)f(a AHToHosa Ha Mc!HK'bJI. (b) . (e) AKo HJ1MaX)lPYra pa60Ta. 'Ie )f(eHa MY MHoro 06H'Ia KpllCTclJIHR sa311. 3amOTO (a) (b) . (b) He MO)f(aX )la JI )lOHeca.ll:a. Y'I}')leH C'bM.l:(x<OHC'bH 113npaTII ome me peKJIaMII. 3amOTO KpllCTclJIHIITeSll3116Rxa Y)f(aCHOCKl. Do you understand? 1 MailK'bJI . 2 Toil MO)f(e )la )la)le peKJIaMIITe Ha HIIKOJIaH. You K'b)le OTH)le TJI s'lepa cYTPIIHTa? Your friend B'Iepa cYTPIIHTa TJI OTH)le s Mara3HH 3a nO)lap'bUII.ll:a. HO HHe HRMaxMe nose'le. (b) (i) He MH ee XO)l1l (v) Ha IIJIa)f(. (c) OTH)lOX )la CII KynJl JIeKclpcTBa.m. 7 (a) r-H II r-)f(a KOJIRHCml:TaXa K'b)le HMa Mara3HH 3a nJIo)lose II 3eJIeH'IYUII. You KaKso pa36pa TJI OT Hero? Your friend TJI pa36pa OT Hero. (b) OTH)lOXMe )la CII nO'lHHeM. (g) ome. (ii) He.l:(x<OHC'bH 1136pa e)lHa cpe6'bpHa rpHsHa 3a )f(eHa CII. (c) nose'le. Exercises 1 (a) AKo HJ1MaXMesa)f(Ha cpema. (d) He MO)f(aXMe )la ro npaTRM. mJlX )la OTH)la Ha BHToma.2 AKo HCKax )la KYoJl nO)lap'bK OT D'bJIrapIlJl. HJ1Mame )la KYoJl used.HJ1Mame )la )lOHeCa nO)lap'bK. 3amoTO HJ1MaXMeMapKII.JIrapcm. aKO 6J1XHa TBoe MJ1CTO. 2 Toil HMa CHJIHOrJIas060JIRe II see My e cTy)leHo. if) OTH)lOXMe )la npaTIIM DRCMOHa pO)lHTeJIRTe CII. (c) AKo HJ1MaXMe)lPYra pa60Ta. He. 'Ie HMa cpema s )lsa '1aca.Ta.TJI HJ1Mame )la ee 6e3noKoH.mJlX )la )lOHeca nO)lap'bK. Te HCKaxa II ome. aKO 6JlX Ha Tsoe MJ1CTO.5 Cera Toil TPJ16sa )la CTOHHa CJ1HKaHJ1KOJIKO )lHR. (c) slIcoKa TeMnepaTyPa. mJ1X)la KyllJl KymJl 60H6oRR/KaJIeHJlap/DJIadT/6yTHJIKa sHHo/KHlira/KYTHJI C JIYKC03HIInmiKOse. 5 (a) ome.JIrapcKII. You KaKso HCKame )la 1136epe? Your friend M:cKame )la 1136epe HailKpacHsaTa KpllCTclJIHasa3a. (e) F: AKo Hci)lJl 6eme Ha Heroso MJ1CTO.mJlX )la nplleMa noKclHaTa. (b) HHe )la)lOXMe )lse KapTII'IKII OT PHJICKIIJIMaHacTHp Ha TYPHCTRTe. if) F: DOJ1H AHTOHOS pa36pa Tosa. (d) . Unit 17 Questions 1 He. (b) T. He. (e) . He ro 60AAT O'UfTe. He. (d) nose'le. 6 HIIKOJIaii npe)lnO'lHTa )la 113npaTII MRJIeHa. 2 (a) T.ll:a. (ill) He MH ee rosopII 61. HO Te HJ1Maxa nose'le. (c) DORH AHToHos nonHTa Kora MailK'bJI .4 JIeKapJIT Mil Kcba. if) nose'le. (c) F: MaHK'bJI . )la)lox roo (e) Toil me Mil JI npaTII Rmf no HMeiiJIa IImf C 4>aKC. HRMame )la nocpemHa aMepllKclHeua. (b) Toil H nO)lapH e)lHH 6eJIe)f(HIIK. 4 AKo OT 6eme Ha MRCTOTOHa HIIKOJIaH. 5 (a) He MO)f(a )la OTH)le. He ro 60ml KOAAHOTO. Unit 16 Questions 1 (a) IIocJIe)lHRJI )leH S XOTeJIa DJIaTHXMe CMeTKaTa.mJlX )la noCpemHa aMepllKaHeua. He. 2 (a) (i) He. 5 TR meme )la My rR )lOHece. He j 60ml 3'b6. aKo 6J1XHa Tsoe MJ1CTO. 4 (a) HeseHa )la)le )lse KapTII'IKII OT PHJICKIIJIMaHaCTHp Ha . 3amOTO HMax 60JIKII S cToMaxa. (c) 3a r-)f(c! . (d) AKo HJ1MaXSa)f(Ha cpema. 'Ie me 3aMHHaT 3a BapHa Ha )lSaileeT II OCMIIMail.ll:)f(OHC'bH? our Y friend r -)f(a AHToHosa HCKame )la )la)le Ha MailK'bJI . 3 KO)f(aTa Ha r-H KOJIRHCe '1epSeHa. He.Te HCKaxa ome.mJlX )la 113npaTJI MOMH'IeTO. 3amoTo s'lepa UJIJI)leH 6eme Ha DJIa)f(a.l:(x<OHC'bH? our friend IIocJIe TJI )la)le nO)lap'bKa 3a r-)f(a Y . (d) OTH)lOX )la noepeID:Ha )l'bw:epJ1 CII. (b) AKo HJ1MaX)lpYra pa60Ta.ID:JlX)la KYoJl USeTg. (d) F: Toil He My nOKcl3a nporpaMaTa. KoeTo HCKame )la 3Hae.HJ1Mame )la nplleMa noKclHaTa.cT'bT. 'Ie HMaM (a) rpRD. (d) xpeMa.ll:a. Toil HCKame ome. (v) He MIl ce pa60TII Ha KOMmOT'bp.ll:)f(OHCbH 113npaTII me npOrpaMaTa.l:(x<OHC'bH MclJI'bKnO)lap'bK. aKO 6JlX Ha Tsoe MJ1CTO. 3amOTO rll 60AAxa KpaKaTa. (b) aneH)lRCHT. 3 KaKso TII e?/KaKso TR Kll3a JIeKapJIT?/Om JIR TII ee?/CK}"IHO JIR TII e?/He ce 6e3noKoil! CKOpO me TII MHHe.ll:)f(OHC'bH )lamf HMa/HMa JIR/cs06o)lH0 speMe. (e). aKO 6JlX Ha Tsoe MJ1CTO. mJlX )la OTH)la Ha CKII. HO TJI HRMame nose'le.HJ1Mame )la 113npaTJI MOMH'IeTO. 4 r -H KOJIRHCTPJ16same )la CJIO)f(1I manKa. mJ1XMe)la OTH)leM Ha nJIa)f(.ll:)f(OHCbHHa HIIKOJIaii. He e 66JIHa. 3amOTO Me 60JIeme Kpl. aKO 6J1XHa Tsoe MJ1CTO. Do you understand? 1 M'b)f(l. aKO 6JlX Ha Tsoe MJ1CTO. He rH 60AAT Kpaxa. He. (e) He MO)f(ax )la JIM OT TJlX. 6 (a) OTH)lOX )la CII KynJl MapaToHKII. W:JlX)la OTH)la Ha r6cTII. aKo 6J1XHa Tsoe MJ1CTO. (e) ome. (ii) He MH ee ml:e '1ail. (iii) He. if) me4>'bT Kll3a. (e) MapK II EJIR Kll3aXa. (iv) He. (iv) He MH ee y.ll:a. 'Ie He HCKa nose'le Ka4>e.ll:a. (b) HeseHa nOml:Ta r-H . (c) r -H II r-)f(a KOJIRHC )la)loxa )lBe KclPTII'IKIIOT PHJICKIIJIMaHacTHp Ha CSOJInpllj1:TeJI. 3 MRJIeHa pa36pa 3a '1Y)lecHaTa S'b3MO)f(HOCT Ha)lJl. w:J1xMe )la OTH)leM Ha TeRRc. (c) . (d) . MIIJIeHa Se)lHara meme )la nplleMe. You Ha Koro )la)le TJI nOCJIe nO)lap'bKa 3a r-)f(a . (d) MIIJIeHa Kcl3a. (c) He MO)f(axa )la ro pa3rJIe)laT. aKO 6J1XHa Tsoe MJ1CTO.l:(x<OHC'bH 1136paxMe e)lHa epe6'bpHa rpHsHa.(d). You 3amo TJI He KYnR KpIlCTclJIHa sll3a? Your friend TJI He KYnR KpllCTaJIHa sll3a. He J160mf p'bKlha. You KaKso 1136pa r-)f(a AHToHosa? Your friend r-)f(a AHToHosa 1136pa e)lHa KpaCHsa IIKoHa.

OT Ha.naJIH.n5'wa. B MOTopa.nclJIH.D. (c) B3ex cHHMKHTe. (c) HUKOJIaii npe.p. if) Kll'leCTBOTo Ha CHHMKuTe. Exercises 1 He paOOTewe . (e) IIpe. (c) KoraTo H BH.nowmi! Unit 19 Questions 1 (a) IiH3HecMeH'LT HCKa .nH MH6ro ro. (ii) . (d) B3ex 6eJIe)f(HHKa. 2 (a) He e BllpHo. (e) )l. HO cera ro HilMa.nCTaBJIeHUeTo? (b) Ome He ci. 2 (a) T.noB6JIHa OT: (a) ~eHaTa. 803mh.na KYuHra3HpaHa Bo.nclJIH.)f(Op.naTa Be.nuJIH JIH CTe B 1i6poBe~? (c) X6.nuJIa JIH cu B 1i6poBe~? (b) X6. 80Bpe.noHeCJIa ~BeTII! (c) He e BilpHO.D. 3am6TO e 6me paHO.nywa ce Pa3BanH. (b) CynaTa.JIara .na KYuU xJI}l6.)f(opA'K He e B3eJI 4 CTHKOBeTecu.D.nH a3 pa66Tex B e. npe. HIlMawe OOU3Ha.nH e KYuUJIa 60H66HU! (d) He e BilpHO.naBa'lKaTa. HO cera H HilMa.(d) HilMawe ra3HpaHa BOM. CTaHaJI C'LMMH6ro pa3ceHH! (c) 3a6paBHJIH CMe . TpR6Bame.ni. coiIpaueTo e 3a6paHeHO. (e) B3ex KHHraTa. Questions 1 (a) MHJIeHa 6me He ce e 06JI11KJIa. (g) 06cnY)f(BaHeTo.nCTaBJIeHUeTo.BaHailceTuHeTa)f(. . ilMa nOBpe. (d) IiH3HecMeH'LT He M6)f(e .nHHa.D. (b) F: Hli.Bero. if) Kli3ax MY. KOJlaTa.nH e .Bawe. (c) BHHOTO.nCTaBJIeHUeTO He e 3an6'IHaJIo. «CnHpaueTo 3a6pau&. Do you understand? 1 )l. Exercises 1 (a) 3an6'1HaJIO JIH e npe. Unit 18 (b) He e BilpHO.na '1aKa. (d) F: Toil mM .na Be'lepilT CJIe. (ii) KynYsax.nocera. tIaKax TaKcH. "Mawe caMO e.D.na B3eMa <l>6ToanapaT. CHrypHO C'LMro 3ary6HJII a.Q 66JIHu~aTa. Ha. 2 Toil rOB6pewe C e. (c) (i) KYnuX.na Mye CKy'lHO C MUJIeHa.)f(opA'K me B3eMe cTHKoBe no. 2 (a) F: IIoJIH~aHT nOKll3Bawe Ha Ha.JIara . )l.(b) (i) Kll3Bawe.na cnpe .noB6JIeH/. 'Ie Ha 3JIaTHH nllC'L~ HMa urpHme 3a rOJI<l>.nH a3 pa66Tex KaT6 cepBUTb6p.n MHJIeHa HUKOJIaii ce e YMOPHn OT MH6ro yqeHe. KollTo CTe MU . CTaHaJIa C'LMMH6ro pa3ceHHa! (b) 3a6paBUJI C'LM. Exercises 1 He ci.na 3aK1>CHeHT. (e) xpaHaTa.na.He MH xapecBa. (b) npo.D.noB6JIeH OT CTaHTa.noii.nclJIH.nH e . 2 (a) KIO<l>TeTo. (d) IIpe. KolITO ca My . (b) IIpe. (c) IIpe. HO cera ro HilMa. Ha. Hli. 'Ie He 6Hn .D. CHrypHO C'LMro 3ary6uJI/a.nuJIH JIH CTe B 1i6poBe~? (d) X6. KOHTOCTe MU . (c) T.na B3eMeM napH.pBO KpaH'LT Ha . .D. CHrypHO C'LMrH 3arY6HJI/a.na. rJl66a. 2 (a) F: IiH3HecMeH'LT Ka3a.D. r-H U r-)f(a K6JIHHC 611xa 3a6paBHJIH .neH. (d) T.e.D.Ha)f(eHa npe.II nOpTUep'LT. if) Cnope. 3am6TO e T6'1HO Ha. (c) HIlMawe .HaTa CTaH Be'le e urpan rOJI<l> OT Ha 3JIllTHU nllc'L~u. CTaHaJIH CMe MH6ro pa3ceHHu! 5 (a) HIlMawe 6Hpa.He MH xapeCBaT. npulITeJIKaTa Ha MUJIeHa cu e OTHmJIa. (e) F: HefumHT n03HaT HaMepu nOBpe. np036pe~'LT e C'IYueH U BeHTHJIaTOp'LTB 6aHHTa e pa3BaJIeH. 5 )l. (c) F: HUKOJIaii 6me He e Be'lepM. r-H K6JIHHC KynyBawe Hemo. (c) cepBuTb6pa. (d) cepBll3a.284 f Sf I Tll3U CyTpUH H BH. Ha.M ce 06JI11KJIa. 6 (a) B3ex <l>6ToanapaTa. (d) CaJIaTUTe.(c) HJlMaM npe. r-)f(a AHT6HoBa 6ewe 3a6paBHJIa .3 TH He My e Kli3aJIa .gHIlMawe npe.HO cera rH HilMa. HO cera ro HilMa. (c) CTaHTa My e wYMHa. 6 <l>paH~Y3HH'LT ~.nCTaBa KaKB6 My e Ha MOT6pa.n XOTeJIa. KoeTO CTe MU .He HanpaBUJIa Ka<l>e! 3 (a) X6. (b) )l.D. (b) F: HilMa .na Ha M6pcKaTa rpa. CHrypHO C'LMH 3arY6HJI/a.na napmpa npe. 5 (a) (i) H. 2 Ha Hero My e CKyqHO.na 06JIe'le. 5 BCH'IKU3Haexa K'L.nH .nHH Mara3HH.ncTaBa KaK C'LMHanpaBHJI TaKllBa rpewKa! (d) KaKB6 ce e CJIyqUJIo? (e) Be'le C'LM peWHJIa KaKB6 ./IX.D.nHH M'L)f(.Toil rOB6pewe no TeJIe<l>6Ha.nH He Tpll6Bawe .na ro CJI6)f(aT B CTaH Ha .peCTopaHTa.LJ.na B3eMa '1a. 3am6TO KpaH'LT e nOBpe.na Kapa KOJIaTa. (c) T.na KYuHT. (ii) Kll3a.nH 3HaKa «CnHpaHeTO 3a6paueHo». (d) Ha. 3 IIi. ilMame HenpullTHocTu.nclJIH.nHHH a3 pa66Tex B My3eH.n 66JIHH~aTa.He MH xapeCBa.pyrHTe r6CTU Ha XOTeJIa ce OllJIaKBaT OT wyMa Ha TpaMBaUTe.n06pe.n 66JIHu~aTa.na ce BipHe K'LMweCT '1aca. (b) KOHTaKT'LT3a caM06p1>CHa'iKa He pa66Tu.LJ. if) Toil npe.n)f(6me ro 60JIH maBaTa.n HaeM.HJIJIH cu B 1i6poBe~? 4 (a) 3a6paBHJIa C'LM.Hara. A3 6HX 3a6paBUJI/a .a.nee r-H K6JIHHC.nH OTlIBaWe Ha pa60Ta.nHHu.n Bx6. (d) T. CHrypHO C'LMro 3ary6HJII a.na. C TpaMBaH. HO cera H HJlMa. (b) HIlMawe XJI}l6. (e) MOT6p'LT cnpll npe. KoeTo CTe MU . r -H AHT6HOB 6ewe 3a6paBHJI .0». CHrypHO C'LMH 3arY6uJI/a.nH pa66Tex B 6auKaTa. Toil cToewe npe. (e) T. (b) F: IIp036pe~'LT 6uJI C'IYueH.M .D.lIx TpaMBaH.nOMllTU. if) F: Ha HUKOJIaii HilMa . (e) HUKOJIaH e CTaHaJI MH6ro pa3cem.QaTa. 4 KoraTo ro BH. (e) T.TH U3'1e3Ha. (b) B3ex wanKaTa.if) F: KOJIllTa HIlMawe 6eH3HH.na 06JIeKll. 4 (a) IIpe. Do you understand? 1r -)f(a K6JIHHC He M6)f(e . II6cJIe M'L)f(i.LJ. 'Ie KOJIaTa HMa nOBpe. if) B3ex BecTHHKa.He MH xapeCBa. A3 6gx B XOTeJIa.n npe.na CMeHHCTaHTa cu.na KYuU 6Hpa. 3am6TO HMa Ba)f(Ha cpema. (cepBHTb6pKa if you are a woman!) (d) A3 pa66Tex KaT6 yqHTeJI(Ka) npe.noMaTu. Ha cepBH3.nH neTHailceT MHHyTU.2 (a) KaKB6 npaBexa Te? (b) KaKB6 npaBewe Toil? (c) KaKB6 npaBewe u? (d) KaKB6 npaBewe Toil? (e) KaKB6 npaBexa Te? if) KaKB6 npaBexa Te? 3 TOBa CTaHa npe. am6TO 3 MUJIeHa Be'le e peWHJIa KaKB6 .

(c) T. 3 (a) . IlanKHTe H BH3uTHHTeKapTHqKH 4 6HJIH nopi. ETO R. (c) Beqe HM ce o6a~Hx.eTo.a~ox BH R. (e) CHorn. (c) CHOrn.ll. Dear Friends.a~ox BH roo ETO roo (e) .(b) r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC6uxa UCKaJIH~a ~6~aT B D'bJIrapHR npe3 3uMaTa. 'Ie B Ta3H <pupMa CTaBaJIHMHoro rpeIIIKH. (b) 06a~HX My ce Beqe. (ill) (a) me HM ce o6aM.ll.HHa. (d) MHJIeHa 6H UCKaJIar-)I(a B KOJIHHC~a nOMorHe Ha HHKOJIaHHa XUHTpOY. ETO R. (c) Ladies and Gentlemen.(e) CJIa~OJIe~'bT) KOHTOCTe MH ~arru.H He MO)l(aX~a cnR OT My3HKaTa B pecTopaHTa.a Ha r-H H r-)I(a K6JIHHC. aKO UMaM BpeMe. Then Nikolai takes over. (e) They are all friends of Bulgaria. aKO UMaM napu. 'Ie KJIHeHTHTe 6HJIH ~OBOJIHHOT TilxHaTa He pa6oTa.e nUIIIaT Ha MHJIeHa OT AHrJIMR. (c) Te ce 3an03HaJIH B DOpoBe~.eTor-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHC Bu~aT HeBeHa. 2 (a) DUXTeJIMMH Ka3aJIMBaIIIHR a~pec? (b) DUXTeJIH MH ce 06a~HJIH nO-Ki.Oxy6aBo. (e) HHKOJIaH 6H UCUJI MHJIeHa ~a n'bTyBa C Hero. (e) Cera rn. 5 r -)I(a KOJIHHC6H yqacTBaJIa B KOH<pepeH~jfTa. (d) TOH ~OllI'i. 287 I Sf I Unit 20 Questions 1 (a) MHJIeHa nOKa3a l(eHTpaJIHa n6rn.a MapK . (d) me yqacTBaM/DHX yqacTBaJI(a). (c) Beqe if ce o6a~x.~~ox BH rH. (d) From allover the world. 4 (a) CHorn.3arn. ETO rHo (c) .qaJIH TaKcu 3a ~eceT qaca? 3 (a) me KYnR/DHX KYnHJI. He !"iUxapecBa. (d) CHOrn.eJIH~a oT~aT Ha Mope.H He Mmdx ~a cnR OT Ka<peTo. (d) .oTo u H3nparn. 5 Nadya is talking as far as "HMaJIo MHoro xopa Ha naHaupa". 6 r -)I(a K6JIHHC ~aBa Ha MapK BH3UTHaTaCH KapTH'lKa. 2 Ilopi.ll. (iv) (a) me if ce o6a~R.u He MO)l(aX~a cnR OT KOMapHTe. 3a ~a ce H3BHHU.oTo BpeMe. 4 (a) At a conference in Bulgaria. (b) me ce 06a~R/DHX ce o6a~JI(a). 2 HeBeHa e Ha JIeTUrn. MapK rn. (b) 06a~x if ce Beqe. (c) Beqe if ce o6a~Hx. (d) F: r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHCrn. (b) Te npa3HYaaJIH B pecTopaHT «IiepJIHH».ll. 3 HeBeHa MHoro e pa3Ka3BaJIa Ha MapK 3a r-)I(a KOJIHHC. (b) 06a~x HM ce Beqe.a BH3uTHHTeKapTHqKH6HJIH Ha JIOIIIOKaqeCTBeHa apTuR. (b) 06a~HX if ce Beqe. 3 KJIHeHT'bTce o6~a x 3a BTOpH n'bT.ll. (ii) (a) me My ce o6aM. Do you understand? 1 Ha~R Tpil6Ba ~a npe~a~e Ha ~HpeKTopa.e n'bTyBa 3aeMO C r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHc. aKO ce qyBCTBaMno-~o6pe.qaJIH I 200 6pOIIIypH. (e) F: HHKOJIaHrn. 2 (a) F: HHKOJIaHrn. (c) AKo uMaxa B'b3MO)l(HOCT.a~ox BH roo ETO roo (b) . if) Sofia.JI . Do you understand? 1 Ha JIeTUrn. (c) Beqe MY ce 06a~Hx.cHO?(c) DUxTe JIH HH nOMOmaJIH ~a HaMepHM ni. (g) He hopes their deliberations will be enjoyable and fruitful.u He MO)l(aX~a cnR OT ropern.eHBHcH )l(eHa My.rn.u 3a BapHa? (d) DUXTeJIH MH ~arru ~pYra cTaR? (e) DUXTe JIH MH nopi.eHHeHa r-)I(a KOJIHHC3a eMa KOH<pepeH~HR 3a D'bJIrapHR.H He MO)l(aX~a cnR OT rJIaBo6oJIHe. (b) CHorn.qaHH Ha ~PYro MilcTo B ~pYra <pupMa.aKO HaMepR Hern. (b) At the beginning of the conference. 5 Kli3BaT. (~OIIIJIa). 6 (a) CBaT6aTa 6HJIa Bqepa. (b) F: r-H H r-)I(a KOJIHHCca BH~i1JIH nOBeqeTO 3a6eJIe)l(UTeJIHOCTH OKOJIO BapHa. aKO He e 3aeTa no c'i.JI B CO<pHRHa rocTH Ha pO~TeJIHTe Ha EJIH. Te 6uxa OTUIIIJIH DOpoBe~.e npaTH KapTHqKa Ha MHJIeHa OT qeJIMc<pop~.RJI~a 4 H3npaTH C'b06rn. a nOJIYqHJIHcaMo 600. (c) me ~OH~a/DHx ~OIIIi. Exercises 1 (i) (a) me if ce o6a~R.l!a~ox BH R. IlanKHTe UMaJIH~e<peKTH.

B. (f) The diphthong iio/iie is only found after a vowel: <l>oaiiefoyeror at the beginning of a word: :ROPK York. . KOMaHlJ. is also voiceless. 0 or y before or after the letter ii. gets 'reduced' to '1>'. (e) The letter It is only found after consonants and in combination with the letter 0: IIIO<l>h6p driver. one letter can have many sounds and the right sound depends on the letters that come before and after it. iio11. xv. unlike the English vowels which begin on one sound and end on another (diphthongs).HpOBKaKoMaH11.'bIIIT) rain.The consonant x. HJX011.iodine. r. soya or York): xtlii. c or J come before a voiceless consonant. This also makes spelling relatively straightforward. especially when coming after or before a stressed syllable. particularly when coming after a stressed syllable. laughter and slaughter or bough. qaCOBHHK and pa36Hpa ce (pronounced 'l'LCOBHHK p1>36Hp1> and ce). pronounced without using your vocal chords. Compare. you usually pronounce it as if it were its voiceless partner: Written XJUl6 xy6aB Eor MJIa11. Bulgarian letters are altogether more trustworthy and their pronunciation only rarely depends on the company they keep.e. M'bXC BJIeJ! bread beautiful God young man come in Pronounced XJUlD xy6acIJ EOK MJIaT M'bm BJIec! Pronunciation and spelling Bulgarian letters are constant and reliable. Listen. how the letter '0'. e. (MJIaT) when you listened to the alphabet on the recording? And you will remember how Victoria Collins has to spell her name in Bulgarian: K6JIBBc.e. alter their pronunciation depending on the company they keep and also on their position in the word. they x too become voiceless: aBT06yc (acIJT06yc) bus. In English. ( e (c) Bulgarian vowels are all single syllables and pure sounds. Similarly. which is itself not a vowel and fulfils the function of the English 'y' (as in yes.uur (cIJKl.Ka (HpJIaHTKa) Irishwoman.uur)at home. HPJIaH/1. however. HCXOT) xit.. holding your Adam's apple between your thumb and forefinger and you'll see the difference! Voiced Voiceless (Did you notice xy6aB (xy6acIJ) and MJIa11.'b3ClJ.) (b) When 6. as in BHToilia and 6JIH30 (pronounced BHTyilia and 6JIH3y). when unstressed. In each pair one of the letters is 'voiced' (i.xcI'I and 11. pronounced with your vocal chords vibrating) and the other is 'voiceless' (i. In Bulgarian. One letter has basically one sound.paBeii! hello!. for example. the letter 'a'.) Remember particularly that: (a) When a voiced consonant is the last letter in a word. (d) Bulgarians do tend to speak fast and the faster they speak the further they depart from 'standard' pronunciation. (11. So you can usually pronounce Bulgarian correctly by moving logically through the words and combining the sounds of the individual letters as you go.) (See p. A few Bulgarian letters do. cough and enough.HpocIJKa) ( business trip. B.(Additional pairs are 11. English letters are fickle. This particularly affects certain consonants which we can conveniently group in pairs. such sounds are formed by placing the vowels a. for example.J/~. 311. is pronounced more like the letter 'y'. 11. This makes English spelling and pronunciation very difficult. as in MaCa. Read these letters out loud. 11. almost as if whispering).ne! come on!. which has no partner. BKl.

Be (.lJ.lJ.lJ.lJ. along through after i M Bulgarian prepositions and their English equivalents without 6e3 npeBO.eceT 80 OCeM.H 1 000000 2000000 ~o Ordinals ni.:uIH.ll.lJ. out of on.a'l fieJ '1acf:. etc.lJ.lJ.lJ.HO (e.a. (Where to/from?.u. B .eceT 100 CTO 101 CTO H e.eM .BaHauceT '1aca.pTH 4th 5th neTH 6th mecTH Ce.lJ. no.BaUCeTH ni.lJ.lJ.lU{B (oTHBaM) B 6aHKaTa. n: (oTHBaM) K'bM MopcKaTa K'bM meCT '1aca MOJI6a K'bM Bac rpa.lJ.lJ.lJ. B MOMeHTa B cptu.BaUCeT H BTOpH Ja about to K'LM towards around - .BauceT H e.lJ.lJ.lJ.BauceT H .lJ.Be ce.Ba MHJIHOHa Location B B'bPXY .lJ.HO . at above under in front of opposite Movement K'bM OKOJIO OT no npe3 CJIe.BaHauceT 6e3 neT to { Numbers of four digits English uses a comma.lJ.Be XHJIjf.lJ.HH.lJ.lJ.BaUCeT H Ce.pTH lORD .lJ.CHO llHCMO 3a Bac.eCeT 60 meuceT (meCT.BauceT H neT . cpemY 291 CD CL :J >C' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 e.eBeTHauceT . Mara3HH 3a llJIO.BauceT H '1eTHpH .lJ.BaHaUCeT TpHHauceT '1eTHpHHauceT neTHauceT mecTHauceT Ce.lJ. e.0 nJIoma.lJ.Be and more Spatial prepositions (Where?) in on top of next to behind between on.lJ.lJ.BeCTa 300 TpHcTa 400 '1eTHpHCTOTHH 500 neTcToTHH are separated by a space where e.lJ.lJ.HH MHJIHOH .ZJ.BaUCeT H TpH .lJ.lJ.pBH 1st 2nd BTOpH 3rd Tpem '1eTBi.o '1eTBi.lJ. I a (a'ba) { { { in to at on next to to until till for B IIJIOB.0 Ki.Ba.Ho (e.) to(wards) (a)round from. B MeJIHHK (pa6on:) Bi.u.lJ.lJ.eBeTH 9th 10th .lJ.a XOTeJI'bT e .OBe.eBeT 30 TpHuceT (TpH.lJ.Ha) 110 CTO H .lJ.lJ.lJ.BauceT H oceM .lJ.0 3a.eceT) .eceT e.lJ.Ba) TpH '1eTHpH neT meCT Ce.pBH .lJ.lJ.eCeTH 11th 21st 22nd e.BauceT H TpH 200 .HHaUceTH .lU{ TPH XHAA.lJ. npe. (3aMHHaBaM) 3a AHrJIHg (roBOpg) 3a aHrJIH'IaHKaTa ni.lJ.eM oceM .lJ.Ha) .lJ.Tu 3a BapHa (nHTaM) 3a ni.lJ.lJ.lJ.BaUCeT H .eceT) 50 neT.lJ.lJ.eBeT.a . eKcKyp3Hg . e.lJ.BauceT H meCT .eCeT 90 .eCeT) 70 Ce.eMHauceT oceMHauceT . Me)l(.T e .eM.B lPHpMa "IIporpee".lJ.lJ.eBeT .lJ.HHaUCeT .y Ha Ha.lJ.HHa 1 000 2000 3000 xnm.eceT) 40 '1eTHpHCeT ('1eTHpH.BauceT (.290 III "C "C Numerals Cardinals 0 HyJIa Grammatical terms 1 Prepositions 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 .lJ.MH 7th 8th OCMH .lJ.lJ.0BHroIlla .lJ.0 6aHKaTa (CTllraM) .eceT 123 CTO .lJ.lJ.lJ.MHIJ:H.lJ.lJ. 3a .lJ.

n.n.il { before ago through in/during at against -e -Me -M -10 ope3 { { Some irregular plurals Masculine Feminine 6paT-6paTJI 6bnrapHH-6bnrapH rocIIo.HH-rocno.MHUH .HaeM IIpe. Ha JIeTHIIJ. lKeHa CTM B6'lep Hap6AHOCT HOll4 np6neT cYTPliIH nMcM6 Ka416 cnlilcaHMe TaKCI1 MeHtO lKeHI1 CTa.n. cJIe.n.a B3eMa) KOJIa IIO. Ha IIeTHail:ceTH Mail: Ha MacaTa.Be Ce. Ha aHrJIHil:cKH e3HK (oTHBaM) Ha MOpe.MacaTa (. Meceu: Mail: HOIIJ. AI at >C' Ha of in to for Ha KapTaTa. y Hac KHHraTa e y HeH 293 I Definite plural XOTsnMTe B6cTHM4MTe nSKapMTe Y\lI1TenMTe MY3SMTe KnKl'lOBeTe 2 Nouns Gender Masculine consonant Indefinite singular XOTsn B6cTHMK nSKap y'lI1Ten My3eM KnIO'l Indefinite plural XOTsnM B6cTHM4M nSKapM Y\lI1TenM My3SM KnKl'loee Definite singular XOTsnbT B6cTHIiIKbT nSKapllT Y\lI1TenllT MY3S11T KntO'lbT OI\:OJIO { around about from (made) of with since OT { { { -M one syllable NB Plural after numbers: xOTsna B6cTHMKa nSKapll y'lI1Tenll MY3S11KnKl'la feminine -a ·ll consonant NB Non-subject definite: xOTsna B6cTHMKa nSKapll Y\lI1Tenll MY3S11KnKl'la no on over along under no.n.eTe-..n.n.n.n.n.n..Ta CJIe. IIO qepHoMopHeTo IIO..HOTO.pa60Ta T CJIe.H o6e.n.OBOJICTBHe (II03..OH cyIIa OT 3eJIeHqYUH .a C HerO. BS'lepM Hap6AHOCTM H6ll4III np6neTM cYTpIiIHM nlilcMa Ka416Ta cnMcaHMll TaKcI1Ta MeHtOTa lKeHaTa CTMTa BB'lepTa HapoAHOCTTa HOll4Ta nponeTTa cyTpMHTa nMCM6To Ka416To cnliltaHlileTo TaKCI1TO MBHtOTO lKeHI1Te cTaMTe BS'lepMTe Hap6AHOCTIiITe H6U4MTe np6neTMTe cYTPIiIHMTe nMCMaTa Ka416TaTa cn. Ha yJIHu:a «PaKOBCKH».IIO TeJIe!l>oHa IIO BHCOKHTeIIJIaHHHH IIO IIbTH. Ha BHTOlUa.n.n.Bece.aq IIO pa.a 3HMaTa.eH-. e6e.n.n.n.a OKOJIOIIeT qaca IIHCMO OT JIOH.n.n.n.n.n. Ha IIo'DffiKa.292 on " " ! Q.n. Ha cBeTo!l>apa KapTa Ha CO!l>IDI. y { { after in at with CJIe.oBOJIeHCbM OT XOTeJIa B CO!l>HHCbM OT qeTBbpTH Mail: HMaM HYiK.n.n.n.n.n. Ha oIIepa (.n.H )]. Ha IIapTePa.aOT IIpeBo.n.paBHBaM) C IIpa3HHKa (.HH KpaK-Kpad MbiK-MbiKe pbd-PbUe .a3aII03HaH) C r-H AHTOHOB with on .caHMllTa TaKcI1TaTa MeHtOTaTa Neuter -0 ope.a rocT-rocTH . IIpe. C y.n.MHU:H IIpe3 IIpe3 IIpe3 IIpe3 rpa.eua HMe-HMeHa OKO-O'IH yxo-yum npomB c (CbC) IIpOTHB HerO cpeIIJ.n.a KyIIH) IIo.eTO. qaHTaTa Ha ~OH Ha lOr.n.apbK Ha CHHa Ha AHTOHOBH OKOJIOrpa.

nrapcKoTo 6i.ll:06i.p Haif-6i.nrapcKo 6i.nrapcKa 6i.nrapcKI1 6i.p30 Haif-. This also applies to the possessives.nrapcKI1 6"bnrapCKI1TB own Comparison of adjectives .P30 quickly no-6i.p30 .294 I Subject form Masculine Possessive adjectival forms Feminine Neuter 295 Plural Masculine w~hout loss of vowel Indefinite Definite w~h loss of vowel Indefinite Definite ending in -CKI1 Indefinite Definite Feminine Neuter Plural a3 indefinite definite indefinite definite Moiil M6ftT TBoiil TB6ftT HeroB HerOBHftT HeHH HeiilHHftT HeroB HerOBHftT Haw HaWHftT Baw BaWHftT TexeH TeXHHftT M6ft M6ftTa TB6ft TB6ftTa HeroBa HeroBaTa HeiilHa HeiilHaTa HeroBa HeroBaTa Hawa HawaTa Bawa BawaTa TRxHa TRxHaTa M6e M6eTo TB6e TB6eTO HeroBo HeroBoTo HeiilHo HeiilHoTo HeroBo HeroBoTo Hawe HaweTo Bawe BaweTo TRXHO TRXHOTO M6H M6HTe TB6H TB6HTe HeroBH HerOBHTe HeiilHH HeiilHHTe HeroBH HeroBHTe HawH HawHTe BawH BawHTe TexHH TexHHTe BI1c6K CI1H BI1c6KI1SlT CHHI1SlT BI1c6Ka CHHSl BI1c6KaTa cHHSlTa BI1c6KO CHHbO BI1c6KOTO CHHbOTO BI1c6KI1 CHHI1 BI1c6KI1Te CHHI1Te TH I A06i.p npl1RTeH A06pHSlT npl1RTHI1SlT A06pa npl1RTHa A06paTa npl1RTHaTa A06p6 npl1RTHO A06p6To npl1RTHOTO A06pH npl1RTHI1 A06pHTB npl1RTHI1TB Toiil indefinite definite HI indefinite definite TO indefinite definite HHe indefinite definite BHe indefinite definite Te indefinite definite 6i.Bm1TeMH {JfJ4tra MI1 Il8KapflT MH CT8flTa MH ~MH Plural fun = M6HTeKY¢apH = M6HTe48HTH = M6HTe{JfJ48 Subject form Object form Short Full Indirect object form Short Full a3 TH Toiil Tft TO HHe *BHe Te MeHe Te6e Hero Heft Hero Hac *Bac TftX Me Te ro ft ro HH *BH rH Ha MeHe Ha Te6e Ha Hero Ha Heft Ha Hero Ha Hac Ha *Bac Ha TftX MH TH My H My HH *BH HM (*When the polite form for you is used referring to a single person.p good nO-.ll:06i.p better Haif-.ll:06pe well nO-.ll:06pe MamcO little nO-Mamco MHoro much nOBeqe Toiil Tft indefinite TO definite Te cBoiil CB6ftT CB6ft cB6ftTa cB6e cB6eTo CB6H cB6HTe quicker better less more quickest best least most Definiteness and possession (a) Short fonns (noun + definite article + short indirect object pronoun) (b) Full forms (possessive adjective + definite article + noun) SIngular Short Full = M6J:rrn8Kap = M6J:rraCT8fl = M6eTOPfJT8 Short KY¢apKTe MI1 o.ll:06pe Haif-Mamco Haif-MHoro best Comparison of adverbs 6i. ) .nrapcKI1SlT 6i. then you must use a capital letter in writing.ll:06i.nrapcKaTa 6i.

.a) ce.n.n.n..1 Things Object form Plural TeaH KOIo1 KaKBIo1 KOIo1TO KaKBIo1TO HRKOH HIo1KoH Kor6 TOBa KaKB6 TO Fern.n.n.n.n.ern TO HHe CMe BHe CTe Te ca 6RX m:e cMe/6i.n..eTe HRMa .a cH/6i.. Demonstrative pronouns Questions (Interrogative pronouns) Relative pronouns Indefinite pronouns Negative pronouns Generalizing pronouns T63H KO.n.a cTe/6i.a ca/6i.n.a c'bM/6i.eM HRMa .n.n.n.n.n.TOM} nI 6erne Persons Subject form Masc.a ca/6i.n..e? why? how? when? where? 3am:6TO KaKTo KoraTo K'b.eTe Te m:Rxa .a cMe/6i.n.n.n.n.n.eTO because as (the time) when (the place) where ~~M} IIHrne TO C'LM to be HHe IIHrneM BHe IIHrneTe Te IIHrnaT Future Positive Negative HRMa .a c'bM/6i.a cMe/6i...eM m:e cTe/6i.eM HRMarne .n.a HRMa .n...I(Here! He CHMH! He...n.n.a cTe/6i.n.ern e-pattern (.~M} :::: TO KoeTO KORTO KaKBflTO KaKB6TO HRKOl1 HRKoe Kor6To HRKoro HIo1Koro KaKB6TO HeLl\O HIo1Ll\O BCIo1'"1KO :: ::~:::ern HRMarne .I(eih'eM cHMre Past a3 TH 6erne Present perfect 6HJI c'bM/6HJIa c'bM/6HJI6 C'bM 6HJI cH/6HJIa CH/6HJI6 CH a-pattern lIJIaTH lIJIaTeTe! He lIJI{ul\aii! He lIJIaII\aiiTe! He.n.a c'bM/6i.n.l:lHa pa66THM pa66THTe pa66nIT Negative (Imperfective) HMaMe HMaTe HMaT Present a3 TH TOM} TR Imperative (commands) Positive (Perfective and imperfective) Singular Plural cemm! sit down Iman!:! pay C'bM CH e m:e c'bM/6i.n.ern Future in the past Positive a3 IlJ..n.n.a ca/6i.alIJIaII\alII He.n.n.I(eih'eM ITJIlirnare .a cH/6i..n.n..a .eTe m:e ca/6i.eTe HRMarne .aT a-pattern ce.a cTe/6i.I(eH..aT Present tense e-pattern (1st Conjugation) a3 TH mirna IIHrnern BCeKH BCRKa BCRKO BCIo1'"1KH BCeKHrO H-pattern (2nd Conjugation) pa66nI pa66THrn 3aI..I(eiiM CHMrn He cHMHre! He..aT HRMa ....jIX.a HRMarne .aT a-pattern (3rd Conjugation) HIo1Ko.Q6? KaK? Koni? K'b.1 KaKbB KOOTO KaKbBTO HRKO.acMe/6i. TaaH KOR KaKBa Neuter TOBa KOe KaKB6 nile Bile Te 6RXMe 6RXTe 6Rxa 6HJI e 6Hmi e 6HJI6 e 6HnII CMe 6HnII CTe 6HnII ca Negative HRMarne .n.a m:e cH/6i.eM Blie rnRXTe.n..1 HIo1KOl1 HIo1Koe Hlle m:RXMe.

ll.BaHTe! (.ll.ll.eii .a m\:ew He m\:iiTe! He.ll.a OTHBaw une! BnR30x BnR3bn A8P.eiiTe .ox AM AOHecoX AOHecbn OTMAOX OTMW'bn 06nRKox 06nRK'bn 3an6"lHax 3an6"lHan nMcax Ka38X pa36pax B3BX MOlKax cnpllX nMean Ka3an pa36pan B3en MOrbn cnplln (.oii.pl. Verbs with -6ep-l-nep.ll.u.eii .ll.a) .eii .ll. Past Masculine e-pattern live 1 *lK1IB8s1 *mill drink 2 BnR3a go in AaM give AOHeca bring oTMAa go 06neKa get dressed Past participle Feminine Neuter Plural 299 III I $C' 3 Irregular (.ll.eTe! He H3JIH3aiiTe! He.ll.ll.BaW come H.ll.a) BH.ll.ll.eiire M H3JIII:3are He OTHBaiiTe! He.a) B.Baii! He.ll.eii .ll.eii . arranged according to feaures 1-8 below.a He.a go/come in He.ll.ll.u.ll.eii . 1 2 Verbs ending in two vowels.ll.bp)KHW He.a me.eiire .a OTHBare He )]:)KTe! He. The verbs are mostly perfective.ll.Pb)K! He .a '1aKare 'i I Verbs with two vowels mhf ITHii! drink m\:iiTe! He lIHii! He.a) H3. Imperfective verbs in the table are indicated with *.a m\:eTe Table 1 Ordinary past tense Here are the main verb patterns of the ordinary past tense (+ past participles derived from them).ll.) a-panern *Be"lepllM have supper Be"lepllX Ka3Bax BB"leplln Ka3Ban Be"lepllna Ka3Bana BB"lepllnO Ka3BMo Be"lepllnM Ktl3BanM *Ka3eaM say .ll.pl.BaTe . Verbs without stress on the final syllable in the past.a) XM I He.ll.ll.lose the e in the past.ll.ll.Pb)K! He.298 'g III a-pattern '1aKaM '1aKaii! wait '1llKaiiTe! \ He '1aKaii! He.ll.ll.rci:3a H3JIe3! go out (.u.ll.ll.ll.ll. 3/e and K before the ending.ll.ll./T.ll. Irregular verbs.a BJIH3aW BJIH3aTe He H.eHTe .eii .ll.bp)Ka .aw look me.a) OTH.ll.X He fJIe.H! go X)K! eat H3JIe3Te! I He H3JIH3aii! I He oTII:Baii! He.rci:3a BJIe3! He BJIH3aiiTe! BJIe3Te! He BJIH3aii! He.eii .ll.eiiTe .ll.)KTe! He .a) . Verbs with stress on the fmal syllable in the past.a MeTe He.ll.ll.ll.eiire M hold .eiiTe .ll.ll. Verbs with -ua before the ending.aiiTe! BH)KTe! He me.aTe (.ll.eii .eiiTe . Verbs with m or ac before the ending change from them to e and 3 in the past.ll.ll.a H.ll.bp)Kl\:re I I I I 4 S 6 7 8 Present lKlIBRX mIx lKlIBRn nlln lKlIBRna mina BnR3na Aana AOHecna oTMwna 06nRKna lKlIBRno nMno BnR3no AMo AOHecnO oTMwno 06nRKno lKlIBenM nMnM Bne3nM AMM AOHecnM oTMwnM 06neKnM (.a He.ll.ll.ll.a eJIa! eJIaTe! He H. Verbs with lJ.ll.ll.a '1aKaW He '1aKaiiTe! He.ll.a H3JIH3aW H.ll.ll.ll.aii! BH)K! He.ll.a H.a Mew He X)K! -ox -e -e -ex -erne I-erne 3 3anO"lHa begin 4 *nMwa write KtllKa say pa36epa understafI(J 3an6"lHana 3anO"lHanO 3an6"lHanM nMcana Ka3ana pa36pana B3ena Morna cnpRna nMcano Ktl3ano pa36pano B3eno Morno cnpRno nMcanM Ktl3anM pa36panM B3enM MOrn" cnpenM Past tense (personal endings*) Past a3 TH TOR} TR TO Hue Bue Te -ax -a -a -xx** -R -R -HX -H -H Past imperfect -ax -arne -arne -RX -Rrne -Rrne -RX -erne -erne 5 6 B3eMa take *Mora can cnpa stop M-pattern 7 *pa66Tll work *Y"la study 8 BMAll see *CTORstand -aXMe -RXMe -HXMe -OXMe -eXMe -axMe -jlXMe -RXMe -aXTe -RXTe -HXTe -OXTe -eXTe -aXTe -RXTe -RXTe -Rxa -Rxa -exa -axa -axa -Rxa -Hxa -oxa pa66Tllx Y"!IIX BIIAftX CTORX pa66Tlln y"llln BIlARn cToRn pa66T1lna y"lllna BIIAftna cToRna pa66Tllno y"lllno BIIAftnO cToRno pa66T1lnM y"lllnM BIIAenM CToenM (*For the main conjugation patterns in the past see Verb Tables 1 and 2.) (**With and without stress.ll.)KTe! (.a .eiiTe .

Here the verbs are organized differently. aK6 . aK6 .Table 2 Past imperfect Main patterns of past imperfect + past participles derived from them. aK6 ..) (**See Table I for past participles (mainly perfective). 6lixT9 B9yepRnl1.. Y9 .. are 3rd Conjugation. you will see... 611B9yepRn..t\Bn1l BnM3anll AaBanIl 3an6'f1llll1ll MManll K83Banll 06nM'fanll OTMBanIl pa:tilip:lnll cnMpanll Be'fepRnM TO~ nlican** TR nlicana TO nlicano T9 nlicanl1 TO~ U4RnAa (H~Mano Aa TR ~na Aa (H~Mano Aa TO ~no Aa (H~Mano Aa T9 U4enl1Aa (H~Mano Aa nliw9 nliw9) nliw9 nliW9) nliW9 nliW9) nliwaT) nliwaT) Future (* See Table 2 for past participles (mainly imperfective). 611B9yepRnO. for the conjugation patterns of the perfective and imperfective twins are often not the same. aK6 ... The past imperfect endings depend on stress and not on the conjugation pattern (see Past endings above).. 6lixM9 B9yepRnl1. Present Past Imperfect Masculine e-pattern >KMBeRlive nMwa write nMR drink M6ra can II-pattern H6cR carry pa66TR work 9'!a study cToll stand a-pattern B3MMaM take BM>K.) ...t\ano BnM3anO A8Bano 3an6'fBanO MMano K83Bano 06nM'fano oTMBano pa36Mpano cnMpano Be'fepRno B3MManll BM>K. >KMBeeX nMwex nMex M6>Kex >KMBeen n11Wen nMen M6>Ken >KMBeena nMwena nMena M6>Kena >KMBeenO nMweno nMeno M6>Keno >KMBeenM nMwenll n11enll M6>Kenll Tenses Present Statements TO~ nliw9 TR nliW9 TO nliW9 T9 nliwaT TO~ nliW9W9 TR nliw9w9 TO nliW9W9 T9 nliW9xa TO~ nlica TR nlica TO nlica T9 nlicaxa TO~ U49nliw9 TR U49nliw9 TO U49nliW9 T9 U49nliwaT Renarrated forms Ka3BaT. aK6 .t\ana BnM3ana AaBana 3an6'fBana MMana K83Bana 06nM'fana oTMBana pa36MpBna cnMpana Be'fepRna B3MManO BM>K.t\aM see BnM3aM go in AMaM give 3an6'fBaM begin MMaMhave K83BaM say 06nM'faM get dressed oTMBaM go pll36MpaM understand cnMpaM stop BEl'fepRM have supper Past participle Feminine Neuter Plural Present perfect (I have had supper) a3 CbM B9'fepRn(a) TI1 CI1B9YepRn(a) TO~ 9 B9yepRn TR 9 B9yepRna TO 9 B9yepRnO Hli9 CM9 B9yepRnl1 Bli9 CT9 B9yepRnl1 T9 ca B9yepRnl1 Past perfect (I had had supper) 6RX B9YepRn(a) 6ew9 B9yepRn(a) 6eW9 B9yepRn 6eW9 B9yepRna 6eW9 B9yepRnO 6~XM9 B9yepRnl1 6~XT9 B9yepRnl1 6~xa B9yepRnl1 Conditional (I would have had stpper. (They say that.. 6lixa B9yepRnl1. Table 2 contains all the imperfective (starred) verbs from Table I together with the imperfective twins of the perfective verbs found there.t\BX BnM3ax A8Bax 3an6'fBax MMax K83Bax 06nM'fax OTMBax Pll36Mpax cnMpax Be'f8pRX B3MMan BM>K.. 611B9yepRn(a)...t\Bn BnM3an AMan 38n6'fBan MMan K83Ban 06nM'fan OTl1Ban p836Mpan cnMpan BEl'fepRn B3MMana BM>K. Most imperfectives.. aK6 ..j H6cex pa66Tex 9'!ex cTollx H6cen pa66Ten 9'!en cTosln H6cena pa66Tena 9'!ena CTollna H6ceno pa66Teno 9'!eno cTollno H6cenll pa66Tenll y'fenll cToenll Past Imperfect TO~ nliW9n* TR nliW9na TO nliw9no T9 nliW9nl1 Past B3MMax BM>K... 611B9yepRna. /f.. aK6 . ••) 611xB9YepRn(a). aK6 .

oH9ceHo 06n9'leHO p. reflexive) ro ce e CMe MI1 S'l My My ce My CbM CbM CI1 ·ro ·ro CMe CTe ca CbM CI1 ·ce ·ce cMe cTe ca Main part of verb phrase ObJect(s) I1rpax nMcax Kaaax Mrp8H (played) whK nMeaH (written) A3 A3 Hio1e L.1BAH Ha L.eHa p. DHJIeTHTece rrpo. The tickets have been sold.qs:l TS'l TS'l TS'l HA. p.n:oxa61. TapaTopbT e cepBupaH. The tickets sold out quickly.RX BI1p.) (*Note that to be changes places in the 3rd person singular.1BaH Hio1e Ka¢eTO HA.eH (given) AfJp.) . Resultative BeHTHJIaTOpbTe pa3BaJIeH. Tarator is served cold.oH9ceHa 06n9'leHa AfJp.fJp. The fan broke down.RH (seen) BI1p.Passive forms EndIngs and Past form verb group (Present) Masculine -eH M-pattem e-pattem verbs with: T/A cia K Reflexive Passive participle Feminine Neuter Plural aaTB6pl1X aaTB6peH (closed) aaTB6peHa aaTB6peHo aaTB6peHI1 p.n:a.OH9COX 06nRKox' p.-ell pa36pax paa6p8H ( understood) 'lAHTaTaHa L.eHI1 p.ox p. TapaTopbT ce cepBupa cTy.1BaH 'laHTaTa Ha HI1KOnact Ka¢e >KI1BRX >KI1BRH (lived) >KI1BRHa >KMBRHO >KI1B9HI1 S'l ce ro ro e e ro ro ro ce ce e e ce ce ce BI1p.eHo p.n:a.RHa BI1p. to be.n:eH. The tarator has been served.fJp.fJp.n:eHH.P30. The fan is broken.oH9ceH (brough~ 06n9'leH (dressed) -aH a-pattem e-pattem verbs with: -8Jl Unstressedt 3!I1118IfYBax 3a111aHYBaH (planned) ~ I1rp8Ha nMcaHa KWHa pa36plkHa ~ I1rp8HO nMcaHo K83aHo pa36p8HO ~ I1rplkHl1 nMcaHI1 K8aaHI1 pa36paHI1 SUbject Negative (pronoun.1BaH K83aH (said) -6ep1nep -lIH e-pattem verbs with: -ell M-pattern verbs with: stressed ending -T e-pattern verbs in: -Mil. DHJIeTHTeca rrpo.RHO BI1p.OH9CeHI1 06n9'leHI1 BeHTHmiTopbT ce pa3BaJIH.qs:l TS'l A3 A3 TI1 Toct TS'l Hio1e Bio1e Te A3 TI1 Toct TS'l Hio1e Bio1e Te (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) (He) n03HaBaM n03HaBaM n03HaBaMe A06pe aHrIll1'laHI1 xapeCBa AAAe AAAe AAAe AAAe 06AAM 06AAM HanpaBl1na HanpaBl1na HanpaBl1n HanpaBl1n HanpaBl1na HanpaBl1nl1 HanpaBl1nl1 HanpaBl1nl1 06nflKbn 06nflKbn 06nflKbn 06nflKna 06neKnl1 06neKnl1 06neKnl1 L.9HM l1anMx l1anRX l1anMT (drunk) l1anMTa l1anRTa aan6'lHaTa Ba9Ta l1anMTo l1anRTO aan6'lHaTO B39TO l1anMTI1 l1anRTI1 aan6'lHaTI1 B39TI1 l1anRT (sung) -Ha-eMa aan6'lHax Baex aan6'lHaT (begun) B3eT (taken) (tStressed if after He.

neuter and plural forms lose the letter e. The verbs. eaTLp amphitheatre aurJIBicKH English aurJIll1lliBHu (pI) -aDB Englishman ~JIII1IliBKa English woman AHrJIIUI England liJIo AMepHKa t: D) ~ C) D) tT - . the letter (n) that it is neuter.or the full plural form. you will find the additional meaning. You should look for most of the numerals. reflexive) Object (He) He ro n03HaBaM n03HaBaM n03HaBaM n03HaBaMe n03HaBaMe A06pe A06pe A06pe AHrI1HyaHH aHrnHyaHH XapElcBa xapecBa xapecBa npHATHO npHATHo npHATHO npHATHO MAe Ac\Ae Ac\Ae AAAe 06c\AHX 06c\AHX 06c\AHX 06c\AHx 06c\AHx HanpaBHna HanpaBHna HanpaBHna 06nAKb/1 06nAKb/1 06nAKb/1 Ii1BaH ro EJ m t: CC D) In this Vocabulary you should be able to find all the words used in this book with the meanings they have in the book. reflexive) Main part of verb phrase Unstressed (pronouns. _.Other Negative Unstressedt (pronouns. we give you the gender. for example..•.usually the last three .. The words are listed in a way that will be useful to you. The Appendix is really an addition to the Vocabulary. feminine nouns ending in consonants. so use the two together. Phrases are shown either under the most important word or according to the first word in the phrase. The adjectives are listed in the masculine singular. The letter (f) means the word is feminine. D) ~ CMe He CMe MH He MH6ro MH MH m ~ I MH e He MH6ro Ha MeHe (He) MH MH MH e e e CC My My yaHTaTa Ha Ii1BaH yaHTaTa Sl _. (Occasionally. tn ::T < o He My Sl ce He He Byepa Byepa (He) ce iii Ha Ii1BaH HaHW Ha Ii1BaH ce ce ce My Some words you will find in the Appendix rather than in the Vocabulary. for example.Where nouns have awkward plurals. in the Appendix. we give you the last three letters of the feminine form too.) All perfective verbs are preceded by (. and the different verb and pronoun forms. to be. for example. ce He ce e He MH6ro e e . CbM He Beye CbM CbM KaQ>e Ka<!>e a but subscription uryer August aBHOKOMDlimuI airline aBTooyc bus arellQlUl agency ll»IJUIHCTP1iTop(Ka) receptionist ~ address al I a60ullMeHT aK6 if aJIepJ1Ul aJIKox6JI ro CbM ce He Beye CbM CbM ce ce allergy alcohol hello (on the phone) America aMepllKUe •• (pI) -BQH an American llMepHKliBKa American woman aMepHKUcKH American aD cera and now what aM••.l~a). show the I form followed by the final three letters of the you singular form. but where the feminine. the abbreviation (pI) is used and you will find either the last few letters . to be. when a word has another very common meaning not used in the book. Occasionally. with very short verbs. Where a word has an odd gender. we have given the full you singular form.

-pam to speak.JJrapKa Bulgarian woman 6f.llam to look rJl66a fine rJIfnOCTB! (pI) nonsense! r-o = rocuo. -IIIJIa.llIIIII to see Bile (or) Bile you BilII:.ep (t) evening Be'lepd in the evening ~PII dinner.$oR) two (people) )).lle+eKT defect. to worry 6eJIelKllllK (pI) -IIQII diary. oHm ce be anxious.llBliMa (.-.ll boulevard B TaKbB cJJf'Iai in that case BlbKeo.BpIlKTOpdirector .lle••a child . -M8ID to take Bi)).llaptl.lla ladies and gentlemen (.llHllTa diet )).lleo.lla water BO.llo&e town. pharmacy acsocbop lift.llIma garden. -IIIJIi! welcome! .liBaM.llaJJi whether.-Bam to give . -BallI to believe Bt1pno (e) (it's) true BtiT'bp (pI) BeTpo&e wind ralipaaa BO.ll entrance B'Iepa yesterday Bbl.PJlO throat rf. park rpli.. reconstruction bathroom 6ap bar 6ama father 001 without.z:utptl thank you 6J1aro. Ham your(s) B. oHm to worry.JJraPBH (pI) 6f.JI. OK.llOB (made with) grapes rpjua group rf. attention! BO. elevator aCDHpHn aspirin a-xli a-ha 6a6a grandmother 6000 slowly 6yYiJIKa bottle 6ymB push 6f.lleJJeraQIIII delegation .lleo. . fast 61Op6 agency.llaM. -.a year roJleMBHa size roJItiM (pI) roMMB big rope-.ll (pI) rp8. if (.JJrapa a Bulgarian 6arb: luggage 6aralKllllK (pI) -IIQII boot/trunk 6llJ1KaoCKH Balkan (adj) 6ao8n banana 6amma cheese pasty 6liJu111Kacheese roll 6ma bank 61lHK0MBTcashpoint.llyX air B'blMOamO (e) (it's) possible B'blMOamocT (t) possibility B'bnp6c question B'bpBti..llem (pI).lleIQe future 6f. city rpa.llem to give .lll1MCKB women's .II.ll8) ce Bf.Plo quickly.e.lla) Bf. Mr rOBopll.-Bam to include BKYCeO.llKll vodka Bpad door BpeMe (pI) BpeMena time BpeMe weather Bee all the time Bee e.aBTB6aoTIIK an antibiotic auapTaMeBT flat aUeH.lla yes.plaM. supper ~pIIM. -lam to go in BJItiBo on the left (.lla Mr rocuolll:a Mrs rocuo~a Miss rOCT (pI) r6cTB guest. until. talk ro.llBOpe (pI) )).aHBH -aD citizen (pI) rpaM gram rpamma border rpIllIIKa mistake rpiBoa bracelet rpaa. -lII:HIII e to look after. happy &eCTHBK -IIQII newspaper (PI) BeTpoBilTo windy &e'le already . to )).ll8ID to see Billa visa BalirrBa KapTll'lKll business card ~afork B'bPXY on top of BtipBaM.ll0 OamaTa epa Be .ll0 next to. to OOlUOKOti.llHH day . wardrobe r-lII:a = rocuolll:a Mrs rJlaBa head r JlaB066J1Be headache ma.paa. give back rOCDO. -Hem to return.llonri. on B peMOBT under repair.lllilll:e even ~'Ie far . -pimJ to thank 6JIilo near 6J10K block 6J1fla blouse . -oem to return. (pI) -. BJlbem to go in BMecrO instead of BHBMaBaM.llamH gin .B6eo.-ama damp roml' golf . -.lloope . flaw .lOIciITapendicitis anpiJI April ameKll chemist's.lleTe (pI) . go back . .eo video W) Bi)).llHee today .llHblll:once BeBTRJIaTOp extractor fan BJJBlaM. office 611J1 (pI) 6eJJn white B/B'bB in.llHa hungry rJle.llllTa date .poa.llyc degree rpa.lloope well. )). trouble OOlUOKOti. less.lleKeMBpa December . at. to. acoa each aci'IKB everybody acRo all BTOpHBK Tuesday BXO.lllII:Imca(pI) jeans .ll8.ll'le little town rplilll:)).llHO all the same aceKB.lle grapes rp61. copy 6pomypa brochure 6yKIlT bunch 6y JleBlip.-coa nice (to eat).eeen merry. tall BKJIJO'lBaM. till.PQIIII Greece . delicious BKbma at home/(go) home lIJIlilII:en.llony so-so ropelQlllla heat rop&Qo (e) (it's) hot BRBa fault BHnlU1l always BHnO wine BBC6K high.IDira immediately Be.6or God (CJJliBa) 66ry thank heavens 66J1eH. fine .llaM. -ama important Bliamo (e) (it's) important Bala vase BaJJi it's raining BaJIfTa hard currency BapaencKB Varna (adj) BallI.llHCKOTeKadisco .llaM. -plllD to have supper W) B~M8. resident rOToB ready roTOBO (e) (it's) ready rp8.ll8) BJltila.-Bam to watch out BHBMlinBe! danger!. -BHm to walk (. -.JJrapcKB Bulgarian 6f. c worry about rpBD flu rp61.Boiiua double . -J1H8 ill 60JIi (it form) it hurts 66J1Ka pain 66JIIDIQa hospital 600660 (chocolate) sweet 6paT (pI) 6paTII brother 6paTOB'Ib(Ka) cousin 6poi (pI) 6p6eBe number.llt1cnO on the right Berentpa8ncKB vegetarian Be)). ATM 6li1U1 Ji'bJlJ'apu Bulgaria 6f.lla soda water raJIepu gallery rapa railway station raplilll: garage rap. notebook OOHlHn petrol OOOlRBOCT8HQB1I petrol station 6i110ee business 6i1lHeeMeH (PI) -M9 businessman 6HJ11lTticket 6ImKa herb 6_0B (made with) herb(s) 6ipa beer 6ipa-cripa beer and grill 6J1aro.lllKOOpocket .lla) . -lllIU to be in a hurry 6f. -Mem to take B_aM. to .llaMBa rocuo.BOp'" palace •• .llep66 cloakroom.

diary KaMepaepu chambermaid Kany'lilHO capuccino K8pHM.llaae! goodbye! . -Hem to disappear ROHa icon B aJIiI or iMa (it form) there is.. tongue eKcKyP3BH outing.lla) B36epli. -Bam to leave 3aMHHUaae departure 3aMHHUam 3a leaving for.••• m to turn e 3ary6eH lost (.JIv. that means.llap calendar. -eem to live *HBOT life *YJlB jury *ypHaJIBCT journalist la for.llHo together laeT busy. -3am to go out..llam to look B3rO.em to choose B36ipaM.llpyr another.lltMa word .llKa Irishwoman BCKaM.lla) ce 3an03DH.ll'LplKa..lla) . -pam to drive KapaM.lla) laTBOpH. to send (Ha) B3TOK (to the) east BlTO'leH. -6pa good .lla) ce 3acMeH.saae goodbye (on the phone) .lla) 3lUj6H.y.ll'WQepS daughter grandfather *HBeH.ll behind 3lie. -Kam to want Bcuaaen (pi) -HQB Spaniard BCnliHKa Spanish woman BcnaacKB Spanish BCTopn history HTaJlBaaen (pI) -HQR an Italian HTaJIHaHKa Italian woman HT8JIHUCKB Italian .lla) ce B38_. tourist attraction (. -aem to play Hf'PiIme 3a roJl4t golf course iI.ll661>p .llOBD. -cern to bring . pretty (very) . -Barn ce my (your) name is lWKeTe? can I help you? UK how KaKBO what KliKTo as KaKf. KaKBa what (kind of) K8JIeH.JI! welcome! . to see off. -pHW to close 3aTBopeH closed (.6R tooth 3'L6oJIeup (u) dentist and. -pam CKB to ski KlipTa map. checkout operator KaTe..ll exit.. -HHW to remember 3anO'IBaM. leave B3Heaa.lla) B3neH. -BHa amusing 3a6uHo (e) (it's)ftm. card (66p. really eBpo euro EBpOna Europe eBTHH cheap e3BK (pI) e3ima language.lla) 30U.lloJiap dollar .llOMllKBa host .llBaM. (. (. lady of the house . . gate (.p m. excursion eKcKyp30BO. about la. -.llai(Te)! here you are. -6am to lose 3a.llpYro? anything else? .llp8JIa cathedral Kayo as. paper . are iMaM.B. amusing 3a6eJIe~eJJHOCT (f) sight.••• m to drink e (. -aem to get to know one another (.lljmH two people . -Hem to begin (. as well arpU. -mam to accompany. .lleB! good morning/afternoon! . -JleJem to go out.llHa favourable B3KJ11O'IBTeJ!ea. -THW to accompany.llBliMa). -Bam ce to get to know one another lan03Hme ce! meet . -JlBa (OT) happy (with) (.llOBOJIea. -CHa interesting BH4toPMIiQu information (desk) apJla~en (pI) -.lla) 3aBJlaaYaaM. -eew to sing (.lleB. to hold .lla) laooJIil (it form) begins to hurt (.ll'LQ (pI) . there you go. at. other .lla) 3aMiIHa.llYIII shower . to see off.llocera until now . engaged 3llKYCBWH snack bar :wcYcu breakfast..ll view B3rJleQaM.ll0uri.ll guide eceH (f) autumn eenpeeo espresso ed* floor eTO here is JI( ladies (toilet) *liJIKo it's a pity *eD woman.ll1. so.lla) B3_.-eem to be late 3llK'LCIUiBaM.llBaM. -.ll06f.lla.ll6cTa quite.ll'LQOBHO (e) (it's) rainy .lli. -aem to know 3'1>6(PI) 3t.ll06pe 3aBapBJI! lit.lla) 3anw (it form) to start (car) (. till ucaepu cashier. -. to.lla) B3JIBla. -Bam to plan laRJIauYaaa planned 3aR0BB. -3am to reserve.lla) 3aK1>CHeH. -pam to close 3aToBli that's why 3axap (f) sugar 3amo why 3amoTO because 3.llOM8T tomato (..llOpB even . -&am to be late 3liJIa hall (. -aem to introduce (.llOReea..llp8Be health 3~ii(Te)! hello! 3eJIetrtYK (pI) -~ vegetable 3eJ1etrtYKOB (made with) vegetable(s) 3iMa winter lJlliTHH nBC'hQII Golden Sands 3Jle poorly 3HaK (PI) 3HIiQH sign 3Ha'leaae significance. snack laK'LCHeaae delay (. -eem to begin to laugh 3aTBapHM. well met! (response to ):lo6pe ):lOWbJI!) .lla) . cafe Kli'leeTBo quality KamKaB8JI (yellow) cheese KlimJIHna cough KamoH cardboard box Ke6lin'1e 'kebapche'sausage KeKC (sponge) cake KBJIiIM carpet. -pam to choose B3BBHm! excuse me! (.lla) 3anOMHH. to send B3npamaM.lloii.p. travelling to (Ha) 38na.lla) B3'1eJHa. ticket office.lla surprise B366mo at all B366mo He e.lla) 3an03HaH. meaning 3JUi. -Barn to say Ka3BaM.llHa) Klipn boarding card/pass KlipTB'lKa (post) card Klica checkout.llOKTOp doctor . rug KBJIorpliM kilogram KBCeJIO MJlBKO yoghurt KHTaiiCKB (adj) Chinese . like Kate coffee.lla) ~a. too. welcome 3aR03HaBaM.JIra long . -HiIm to apologize B3BBBBaaii(Te)! excuselforgive me! B3rJle.JI: . -'lBa (from/to the) east B3XO.llp1>DHiIpull . -Bam to begin (.llOKaTO while .ll (to the) west 3ana3eH reserved. when. wife *eHeH married (. -Barn to be pleased 3acera for now (..llHH Ireland RpJIliB.T! have a good/safe journey! . -Bam to forget la6paaeHO prohibited (.lla (in order) to la68BeH.ll06f. -Maw to have iMe (pi) HMeHa name iMeiiJI email BHTepBIO interview BHTepeceH. -*eID to say Ka3BaM. that is to say 3JUiJI.lloKYMeHT document. preserved (.0 -no e well.llem to come .lla) B3npaTH.lla) 3a6puH. -. leave B3JlolK6a exhibition (.llouri.llOMllKBax hostess.lla) 3anO'IHa. -Hem to leave 3llMIIIIUaM.llo.lla) 3ana3H. -Bam to come ~eH idea (. it's not at all . -JIHa exceptional BWlaM.lla) ce 3apa. book (.ll06pe .llQR Irishman HpJlaH.lJ:Yao Danube (.ll'LQo&e rain .

IICK(pI) -KOBe CD KOMDIOTbp (pI) -TpB computer KOlITaKT socket Koote~ ready-made clothes KOO4tepetmHH conference KOimepT concert KOOK brandy Kopa6('1e) (small) boat KO~OP corridor Kpai (pI) KpliHma end KpaK (pI) KpaKa foot. Kono (the one) who KOKTeiJI cocktail party KOJla coke Komi car KOJlera colleague KOJJe~a Christmas KOJJIrtKa trolley. -pam to find OaOKOJlO nearby Oa0p8BO straight ahead ~a) OaDpUH. cross KcepoKc photocopier. to do oaope~aM. around. trouble oep8eH. mine MOJI6a request MOm pencil MOmi please. -JlHa national II ! 0.lJ. mother MaoaCTip monastery MapaToHKH trainers. Kono. don't mention it MOMm moment MOMirte (n) girl MOM'le (n) boy MOpe sea MOpcKH (of the) sea Mom motel MOTOp engine MPli'leO. -Mem to rent OaHcnma really. neither. never MauDma machine Me~ between MexmyoapO~eo.MDIIIIr campsite aHc1. -poa modern.. KoeTO.1Qll house KIOfItTe meatball JleB lev JlerJlo bed JleK light (adj) JleKa nom! good night! JleKap(Ka) doctor JleKapCTBO medicine Jlecoo easily JlerioQe airport JIH (question word) JlHMOO lemon JlHMoo~a lemonade JlHMOOOB (made with) lemon (aormcKa) JIHpa pound sterling JllITepaTjpa literature JIHTbP (pI) JJHTpB litre JlHcItT (ski/chair) lift JlO~OOCKH London (adj) JlO~OH'laHHH (pI) -aHH Londoner Jlom bad JlOmOKa'lecTBeO of inferior quality JIYKcc'ileo. could you? MOB my.a. -Bam to buy ~a) KYoH. nation U'IUO beginning oam our(s) oe no.. oepBoa agitated.. -BHm to make.o outside ~ (~) OaKapaM. nor . -'IRa dull My_ museum MYlHKa music MylHKW musician MVmofoggy M'I. towards. aHmo nothing.y~o ~ ~. young M3Jn. above -BlUJJ that's hardly ce to hope ~coo to the right oal~! cheers! (DO~) OaeM hired (~a) oaeMll.. EO . -JlHa crystal Kp'bCT customs customs officer MJI~ young MJIBO milk MHoro a lot. much. I beg your pardon. stressed out oec(n4te) instant (coffee) C OeTbPOeHHe eagerly oemo something oemo ~Yro some/anything else .... many MOra. no matter. -~a international MelITa mint MelITOB (made with) mint MemO menu MepcH thank you Mece. -THa fortification KpHma crypt KpBCTUeO.coo late K1. am able Mo~epeu. in. at. indeed Hliii-06cJIe at last surprising 00 but OOB new Hon ro~ New Year OOBHHa news (item) 003C (pI) 003COBe knife ooeMBpR November .KOH who Kobo.. -oem to go. not OeBHpOO false oerOB his oe~eii! don't! oe~em.. for oa6JJiilO nearby oupeMe in time uaBClUa.3C (PI) M1>3Ceman. to. -pam to make (someone do something) oaJJii? isn't that so? OaJIDO to the left (~a) UMepH. don'tfail to oeopHfioo unpleasant OeopllboOCT (1) unpleasantness. -'IBm to learn o~ooueo...0 la oHeoe something to drink oemo la ~eoe something to eat De we short (stature) (small of the) back. to K1.KitcltJla bun KJlac ••••ecKH classical KJIIIelIT(Ka) customer KJJY6 club KJIIO'I key Id. M8JJKa small MaMa mum. xerox K)'Jl'ljpa culture KYJIYBaM.Koe.K.. of. athletic shoes MapKa (postage) stamp MapT March MapmpjTKa minibus (taxi) Maca table Ma'l match ~~ loan. -OHm to buy KypOpT resort. month Mmp (pI) M~B metre mind aHmo . latest. husband m3CKH man's MHCTO (PI) MeCTa place MIITIIII'Iap U on. -cn EO .-JIBDI to think M gents (toilet) MaralHB shop MarHCTpua motorway MaB May MaiKa mother MaBCTOP workman MaKe~oHHH Macedonia M8JJKO a little MaJIOJleTeO. M03Cem I can. -Barn to make progress oape~ in order oape~eo arranged (~) oaped. how much KOmiaO (pI) KOJleOa knee KOMatmJIPOBKa business trip KOMap mosquito KOM6HH8QBH combination KOMDaKT..K. pass (of time) (lQe MH) MHBe I'll be OK MHoaJJ past MHHepliJIHa BO~ mineral water MHHYTa minute MHCJJH. credit (adj) KpeM cream ~DocTeo. shopping cart KOJIKO how many.~e everywhere oaBt.coaTo all the time OeDpeMeHHOcertainly. Sunday ueau her(s) oeM~ (pI) oe~ a German oeMKitHII German woman oeMCKH German OeDpeld.KOH. -~ to arrange oapO~eo. spa Kyriul box KYcltap suitcase KjxIUI kitchen K'b~e(To) where K'bM about. . -~a national oapO~ocT (1) nationality (~) oay. fashionable M03Ce it is possible M03Ce 6B maybe M03Ce JIB? may I?. leg Kpao tap KpaCHB beautiful KpliCTaBaQa cucumber Mexaoa tavern MHJI dear (~a) MHBa. -THa juvenile. -loa deluxe Jlno summer KHilra book Koni(To) when K03Ca skin KOlMeTRKa cosmetics KOB.

-HHIU to invite nOJICleB. some mOJIKo some. -nem to meet (~a) no ••aKaM.ZJ.a oKala ce it turned out OKO (pI) eye OKOJIO about. -~am to fall nb~ upe~em falling objects ~a) nwa.. noon 06HKHoBcHo usually 06•••• M. besides OC66eHO especially (HiuQo) OC66eHO nothing special ocTliBa(T) is/are left (~a) OCTaB'II. ound sterling p nCTI. -mam to pay DJIHK envelope DJIO~ (pI) DJIo~oae fruit DJIO~OB (made of) fruit DJIO~OTHOpeH. with.. out of OT BUOJIKO ~ (jor) the past few days OTB6peH open OrrOBap'IIM.. -lHID to keep. -••am to order nOpT. footwear 06tmaaM. -Hinn to change 06Mma Ha BllJIfra currency exchange dressed 06paTeB. -BalD to celebrate npaCKoBa peach (~) up8T'II. -THa experienced ODJIaKBaM.. -Bam to go (~a) onma. -Bam to receive noM!iraM. -Bam to do the shopping nal'll. -~am ce to ring.aM.aM. point nOKaHa invitation nOK8HeB invited (~) nOK8o. mana some kind of mora sometime mOB somebody.••••••present (~) no~apR. -••cm to get W) 06Memi. greet. -acem to show. -Barn to know (someone. ale Pilsner (beer) with) chicken touch 06aac. -Dam to DHCliJIKa pen DHCMOletter uHTaM.-pBa fruitful DJIo•••b square DJIYaaM. -BHID to do. congratulate nOlHaBaM. -BalD to order nopT. -CHa dangerous 0.'lBaM.. -BRm to welcome.- . preserve naK again ask pizza lIIIQapil'll pizzeria Hinna. even. -pam to organize OpeX(OB) (made with) walnut(s) OpHeBT8JICKH oriental ocaeH apart from. -Bam to wish (~a) noaceJIa'll. -HHIU to remember nOMo".. -P'IIW to answer (~) orrOBOp'll. assistance nOBe~MHBK Monday nOHR (n) pony nOaRKora sometimes (~a) nOuHTaM. holiday DpalaYaaM. file napa (pI) money napK park.-Hinn to explain orJIe~8JIo mirror (~a) oaceo. -~em to go (there) OTKJIOHCHRe diversion OTKOJIKOTOthan OTK'L~C where from OTJIH'lHO! excellent! omli.g. -lHa useful no~lii policeman n~ police nOJIOBHa half nOJIOBHaa a half (~a) noJIf'ta. -pHa opera (adj) ODRT practice.. yet o•••e Be~ac once again o•••e He not yet uilJIleBCKa oilpa uilJIemKH (made uiluaM. -Hem to help noMO. phone.aa. (f) help.:J:J. -THa opposite 06cJIj*BaHe service (e. -Bam to swim DJIIOCplus no along.-CHID to carry.-B'IIW to leave OT naHaHp fair nliuKa folder. bag nOpToKliJI(oB) (made with) orange(s) (~) nOpT.K (pI) omli. made of. HOIQ bring (f) night (JiCKa) HO"'! good night! ~a need aYJIa zero. in a restaurant) ('rypHcrH'lecKH) 06YaKH (walking) shoes. OK Hoca. 66e~ and 06tm lunch (time).aceBa married (for a woman) OHlH that onaceH. still. -pam to park napTep ground floor napTH party naP4JIOM perfume nap'le piece nacnopT passport (Op8T8HCKH)nay&. than. -a. -Bem to have a rest nom almost no•••a post office npaB right npU'II. -~a final. call call -~ to ring. point nOKalBaM. -Tilm to pay DJIa.. -••am to love. -THIU to send upeBaJIRBaHe (pI) -BH'II shower (~) upeBe~a.a.:J:J. -Hem tofall nalap market nalapYaaM. congratulate -Bam to welcome.. -Bam to expect o•••e more. OpraHBlilpaM. -BHID to get better OpraHRlHpa ce (it form) is organized HliMaM. -BalD ce to complain oDJIaKBaHe (pI) -HH'II complaint ~a) ce oDJIa'l8. garden napKHHr car park napKilpaM. -ram to help (~) nOMHCJI'II.'lKa order nOcJIe after that. experience (~a) ouirraM. on noae ••e more nOBe"eTO most of nOBpe~a fault nOBpe~eH out of order no~ under no~ap1>K (PI) -.~e somewhere miMa there isn't BliMa 38"'0 you're welcome. have with one.. uilem to drink DJI8)K beach DJIaKaT poster nJiaH plan DJIaBHBa mountain( s) (~a) DJIad.. -BalD to try omrreu. last nocoKa direction (~) nocpe. JIHm to think over (~a) nOMoma. rubbish oTTjK from here 6f)ac office o••anaM. -'IHIU to receive noJIY'UiBaM. -Bam to show. mo drink beer. one another) nOlHaT(a) acquaintance (~) nOKDa. -mem to write uiI'II. -pHID to answer OT~aBHa long since. -'tern to complain w) ce oupaB'II. a few amn. over. -Tam to try ouirrBaM. -Barn to have lunch W) 06'11cBR. -aem to wish (c) nOl~aB kind regards nOl~aBJIeBH'll! congratulations! (~) nOl~aBR. long ago oT~c ••e from afar OTimaM. -pilm to give no~o~ suitable noaceJI8BaM.••aM. to make npalHBK (pI) festival. since. then nOCJIc~eB. phone.-HHIU to get married from. around OKTOMBpH October oJIeJIe! oh dear me! OJIHO vegetable oil OMJICT omelette OM1.K Friday (BC~ la) uileBe something to nOl~BRBaM. porter HOC'll. -Tam to ask (~a) nonpaB'II. -Tam to . naBHJIHOH kiosk nbaM.. -~em to translate upeBo~a"(Ka) translator. nought HuaK somehow manB. like a 06JIa'IRo cloudy W) ce 06JIeK8.. -HHIU to marry off (~) ce OacCB'II.-BHIU to leave OCTaB'IIM.. -Kam to wait a little no'IiIBaM. don't mention it ouepa opera onepeH. (because) of. -BHID to mend nopmcp doorman nOpTMOBCpurse. break (~a) CH no_a. -Mam not to have (~a) ce 06~. litter. -Bam CD to be resting no'IiIBKa rest. greet.HOMep number HOpM8JmO normally.

a) upH.!J.ll.ll.eU divorced (.Ka sweet CJIe.a)ce pa3x6.lJ.!J. ciuu.e hand.lJ. ago upe.II. -HHm CH to remember coope. glad (.mma road.lJ. -ram to arrive upHcritralQ arriving (.o.a) upe. -ma pleasant upHneu II'LT! have a good journey! upHHTuO upeKapBaue! have a nice time! pUBe. -Mew to accept upHHTep printer upHcritraM.II. -*Hm to put CJIY*e6eu.!J.Hm to have a walk upo. -.lJ.zdma fatherland. service station cepBHTb6p(Ka) waiter. following CJIe. -pam to spend (time) lI'L'fjBaM. patisserie upeKapBaM. way ni.Hafree CBOi eJIY*ilTeJI(Ka) counter assistant.a) CMeuH.lJ.a)ce pa3BaJIH.!J.!J.aBaM. talks upe.mHK (pI) -~ passenger.B8IQHH(T) II'LT next time CJIe. napkin CBM alone c8M0 only.lJ.!J.H'IeB 6pHr Sunny Beach CJIi.ocTeu.lJ. upHcua.a) ce. -Barn to travel lI'L'fjBaue journey pa60Ta work paoomHK (pI) -~ worker paooTuo BpeMe opening hours paooTH. -. -uiun to change CMeTaua cream cMma bill CMea.a) upeceKa.a)upe.II. -lKHm to accompany (. cakeshop.a) upeUecl1.JIHeHH.B8IQ(up )coming.II. holy CBilTJIO light cseTJIO _0 lager CReTotap traffic light CBoOO. walk (. -eem ce to laugh CMemeu. -e'lem to cross upeeeu. -pua eLM I am sure cilrypuo most probably.ll. -JIinu to break (something) (.HMuO mainly upe. -Barn ce to enjoy.II.py*a.ll. on CaJIaTa salad CaJIteTKa serviette.zo. -6ua official.ll. clerk one:SO own pa3roBop conversation pa3K1l3BaM. -Tam to prefer upe. -. -Tam ua to rely on paUH rakiya. CJIa.JIaraM.interpreter uperoBOpH (pI) negotiations.llOJIaraM.a) pa3rJIe.II.Dem melon ni.II.eH.!J.aM. -ram to suggest. -Bam to sell upo.II.eu(a) eLM I was born po.ll.II.'LJDKaBaM.jKT product upo.II. -Bam to recommend (. -cern to take (somewhere) CJI3. (pI) CHHOBe son CHH. upeeHH fresh upecr6i (duration of) stay (. -MUa publicity.-Barn to continue upo36pe •• (pI) -p~ window up6JIeT (f) spring up6cT0 simply upoTim against ~HH pu'lirraM.pBO firstly II'LT (pI) ni.a)CJI6*a. brandy pauo early pe3epsa~H reservation peKli river peKJIllMa publicity (adj) peKJIllMeu. in front of (. -ma joyous. -pem to understand pu6Hpa ce of course pa36HpaM.ll. through.ll.lJ.u'leBO sunny (..-uem to sit ceKpeTlip(Ka) secretary cilJIo village ceMeHCTBO family ceHTeMBPH September cePBH3 garage.Ho radio pli. -mam to smoke nYmeue smoking ni.'lBaM.3Ba'l(Ka) shop assistant..eu sold upo. in.eu birthday p638 rose p6KJIH dress poMllIITH'IuO romantic PyMi.a)ce eJIY'm (it form) happen CJIb~e sun CJIt. just cilpeue white cheese. -JIBa strong CHH.lJ. -uem to arrive upHneJI(Ka) friend upHneJICKH friendly upHHTeU. feta CKH (pI) skis ua CKH skiing cK6po soon cKY'iBo boring CK'bD dear.lJ. -JIHm to weigh (. -moa funny cu8MKa photo cu61QB last night CIUIr snow cumu beep. -sam to tell pa3Kbcaua 66JIa'IBOCT broken cloud npOOJIeM problem upom63a forecast uporpliMa program(me) uporpee progress upo.ll. motherland pomeJI parent po*.lJ.ll. shaver C8MOJIeT airplane cU.II.a) upueMa.ce-cream i CJI8.!J.lJ.H8.KOrarely c/ C'LC with.ll. -JIBa C full of ni. not working (.lJ.ll. at (. make an offer nYma.!J..am to look at/round CBM06p1>Cu8'1K8 razor.oJIe.66e..llo'lirraM.a)pa36epa. -.ll. -.(in the) afternoon CJIiIBa plum CJIilBOB (made of) plums (.. signal occupation cHrypeu.ll.ll.sH'l sandwich cBliT6a wedding (DO) CReTa around the world cseriI. -*Hm to suggest.ll. according to COOpT sport . sales person pa3DHcaHHe timetable pa3ceD absent-minded pa3x6.ciIHH.aM.lJ.a)pa3BaJIH.!J.CTaBJIeHHe peryrormance upe3 during. (. CBeTli Saint.II. certainly cueu. be glad pa.cTlisa idea upe. expensive CJIa6 light.am to look at/around pa3rJIe*.JIeu. -Tam to work PWaM.(KaT6) after.a.uu Romania pyCKH Russian (adj) p1>Kli(pI).H. for staff only upeuopt.lJ.emto leave/pass on/a message upe)J.m time II'LT (pI) ni.yumH stuffed peppers ni.a) upeTerJIH.ll.lJ. -pam to understand pa3BaJIeU broken.3 soda water COK juice COJI (f) salt CotiliCKH Sofia (adj) CDliJIuH bedroom CDe~aJIHTeT speciality coe~o specially cnilpaM.II.3)perna.il before.!J.II.Ka trip.K. in CJIe.a)upHcrimta. -JIinu to go wrong. arm PH.II.aM.Kap~a cafe. -pam to serve cepH63uO seriously cecTpa sister (DO) eJIY'iai (on the) occasion (of) CJiY'IBa ce it happens (. ciIHH blue c6. make an offer upe. -Bam to spend (time) (. weak CJIua 66ry! thank heavens! CJI8BJluCKH Slavonic CJIa. -ram to suppose upe.3. -pam to stop cnilpaue stopping cnilpKa (bus) stop cDHcliHHe magazine cooK6iHo calmly co6Meu memento co6MHHM.eu . to break down (. -mHm to decide PitJIa DJIaHHHa the Rila Mountains pllMCKH Roman (adj) po.JI6*a.lJ.lJ.II. waitress cepBHpaM..!J. traveller pe'IBHK (pI) -~ dictionary vocabulary. advertisement peJIilntH religion (B) peM6HT (under) repair pecTOPllHT restaurant pe ••e~H reception CBIIT world (ua) cesep (to the) north ce (reflexive particle) -self cera now ce~a week (.a)upeKlipaM.ll.lJ.lJ.

peH. technology TH you THKBH'lKa courgette. QBi!Te (pI) QBeTl1flower QeJIO_BeH. -eaa C'LM I agree v. -Kam to wait 'IliHTa bag 'lac hour '1aca o'clock '1aCOBHHK -HQII watch. director yupa3ltHeaae exercise ypOK (pI) ypOQII lesson ycnex success jTpe tomorrow jTpO morning yxo (pI) ymH ear to study. likewise TaKa JIB? really?. beautiful.. room CTeHa wall cma! stop it! enough! (~a) CTitma. zucchini THDH'IHOtypically THxO quietly TO it TOUeTHa toilet. meeting. whole QJVIKYD a whole lot of '1anp umbrella 'Iai tea 'IllKaM. with 4t6ToauapliT camera eJtoTorpa4t photographer 4tpallQj3BB (pI) -3H Frenchman 4tpallQY30iiKa Frenchwoman 4tpeaCKH French 4tyYOOJIfootball x~e! come on! (~a) xapeeaM.-~ next door. -PHm to get tired yaHHepeHTeT university yupaBHTeJI manager. Turkey ThMHO dark TbprOBCKH trade (adj) TbprOBCKH QellThp shopping mall Thpe. -pem to gather d60Ta Saturday C'Laer advice C'LBpeMeHeH.:a) ce C'LrJlacli. she y at. Cnpem to stop cn. comfortable Y~OBOJlCTBHe pleasure y*aceH. awful y*acHo terribly yHKe~ weekend yHCKH(n) whisky YJIllQa street YMepea moderate YMHPaM. paper xa-xa! ha-ha! XBf. lounge eJtoJIKIIOPfolklore eJtoJIKIIOpeH4tecTHBllJI folklore festival . to happen. -Barn to stand/get up.(.. -~Mem to create C'LM I am (to be) C'LMHDaM. handsome xY~O*HHK (pI) -HQII artist xy~o*HH'lKa artist (woman) xjMop humour X1>JlM hill y. CTOHm to stand. -Bam ce to doubt C'L06lQeBBe message Cf.IIDJ to go. learn Y'IllCTBaM. terrible (KOJlI(O)CTpYua? how much does it cost? cTY~ea cold CTY~&iT(Ka) student CTLKlIO glass cYua soup cYuepMapKeT supermarket CYrPBB (f) morning cyrpHHTa in the morning c. -paa (made of) silver cpelQa appointment.pJItIM. regret ~a) C'L3~aM. not working (~a) c. -earn to look for T. -pHa black . -Bam to like xapri. biro XJIefi'le bread roll XJIIifi bread xo~. shadow Ta6eJIKa notice Ta3H (f) this TaKa right.... -BHa whole day QeD price QeBBOCT(f) (something) valuable QellThP (pI) QeHTpOBe centre QRripa cigarette Qf. -Hem to stand/get up.ama cup.yu. 3I:Ka heavy Te3H (pI) these TeJI+H telephone TeJI+HeH ceKpeTap answerphone TeJleKC telex TeMDepaTjpa temperature TeBBc tennis TexeH.-DJIa wann. CDBID to sleep Cpeoo. -~a difficult TpbrBaM.-MeBBa contemporary C'LrJlaCeH. gas can TYK here rypHcr(Ka) tourist TjpcKH Turkish TyPInI.:a) CTliBa. become v. -eHa terrible... become cTap old cTapT start CTa. -earn to like xapecBaM. neighbouring c"ma TplifiBa have to.dlQa same dlQo also c~aM. walk XOJl sittinglliving room xopa (pI) people hotel xpaaa food xpeMa (head) cold XpllCTllliHCKHChristian xYfi8B nice. to happen. -DBID to break (~a) C'b6epli. -Bam to be sorry. TlixHa their(s) TeXHHKa equipment. hot TopTa gateau. glass eJtoHOKapTa phone-card 4toHTliB fountain 4t6pMB shape 'Ie that '1epB&i red '1epea. TaKaBa such TaM there TallQ dance TapaTop tarator (Bulgarian cold summer soup) TBoii your( s) TBOp'lecKH creative Te they TellTbp (pI) -TpH theatre Te3lt1>K.a. cake TO'leH. -'lBa punctual TO'IBO exact(ly) TpaMBaii tram TpaaCnOpT transport( ation) TpeBa grass TpHMa (~) three people TpHMece'IBe quarter. -Bam to set off cpeIQj opposite Wednesday CTliBaM.lJ.. three-month period TpOJleii trolleybus Tpy~eH. -BllDJ to take part Y'IefiHHK(pI) -HIIQH textbook j'leHe studying Y'leaHK (pI) _ pupil Y'IItTeJI(Ka) teacher Y'IY~eH surprised -'I11III XiIiTpoy Heathrow XHMHKliJII(a (ball-point) pen. -~am to sit down cliHKa shade. -maa incredible. -JItIm to throw xenam hepatitis ~ (pI) xBmma thousand y~6fieH. must Tjfia canister. gettogether C'LIQ.e with all my heart C'LCi!~eH.lUl) cupa.. is that so? TllKca fee TaKCR (n) taxi TanB. -eHm to agree (Ja) C'L3I:UeBBe urifortunately C'L3I:UOaM. stay CTpaall country CTpaxYuaM. bathroom TOBa (n) this ToraBa then T03H (m) this Toii he TOJlI(OBa so TOHHK tonic water TOII'bJI.p6u Serbia (OT BCe) C'L. just so. -fiHa convenient.-pam Ja to be dying for YMopea tired (~a) ce YMopli. clock (pI) '1aCT (f) part 4taKe fax (He e) eJtaTliJIHo it's not fatal eJteapyapa February 4tHHliJI finish 4tHpMa finn 4tmec QellThp/KJIY6 fitness centre eJtode foyer. -Hem to reach CTHK golf club CTO hundred CTOJIllQa capital CTOMllx (pI) cToMacH stomach cToTimKa stotinka cToli. xom -..pKHa church QJVI (pI) Qi!JIH all.yueH broken. -Bam ce to be afraid CTpllmeH.

pTI>K Thursday 'lHCTOTa cleanliness '10&eK (pI) xopa person.rJIB comer (ua) lOr (to the) south roJIB July IOuu June 10m iron apple ti61. -BRm to present oneself tiro~a strawberry tiro~OB (made with) strawberry (uemo 38) ~eue something to eat tiKe jacket 11M. to eat KHyapB January j(nOHBK Japan ticeu. -aam (ce) to feel 'IjBcTBo feeling.y. K'bM above Him accept IIpHeMaM. (. so for irregularities of form in nouns and adjectives.a66e. in the Appendix.JIKOB (made with) apple W) ce uti. and the different verb and pronoun forms. in the CJIc.mo always BHHarH m ::::J I luckily enC :T m waMUUCKO champagne maMUoau shampoo aUKa hat merjaaM. ..aa) npH. -::::J ~em () Q) < o c- c Q) ~ - . IIpH/WY)J(aBaM. able. Where you might confuse forms.of us BCH'lKH almost nO'ITH alone caM along no. we have listed nouns before adjectives and verbs. It includes most of the Bulgarian words you come across in the course . indeed.a66c. . Although we trust that the Bulgarian equivalents of the 900 or so English words listed here will ensure your linguistic survival in a Bulgarian environment.lUUI Scotland (Q Q) Q) .JJKa [319] (Q This is a 'survival' vocabulary and you should use it in conjunction with the Appendix and the Bulgarian-English Vocabulary.a again naK against cpeIIif agency areHQHH agitated HepBcH ago IIpC.3PJ'X airline aBHOKOMnaHHH airplane CaMOJIeT airport JICTHmC. -Tern to read '1hBbPT (f) quarter '1eTBf. seeing that f. If an English word has more than one equivalent in Bulgarian. The Appendix is really an addition to the Vocabulary.. (. You should look for most of the numerals. maCTm happy IQOM since. now I see why Ji6l. be .ap6c advertisement peKJIaMa advice C1>BeT afraid. -cua wonderful.yK. You'll be pleased to see that we have given most verbs in both imperfective and perfective forms. be .M6ra about 6KOJIO. -Bam to hear 'ljBcTBaM. nOKpaii already Be'lC also ci.. -MUa noisy wYHKa ham mmm! sh-sh-sh! maCTBe happiness (38) maCTHe fortunately. capsicum (~a) . marvellous 'IYQ foreign 'lYQeaeQ (pi) -HQiI foreigner 'lYQeUKa foreigner (woman) 'lfmKa bell pepper.CTpaXfBaM ce after CJIC.a acquaintance n03HaT address a.aa) H3npaTH. WOTJla~a Scotswoman mOTJla~CKII Scottish motb6p driver wyM noise wjMeu. All other words we have listed in their basic form only.C'brJIaceH C'bM aim QCJI air Bi.d agree.aa) IIpHeMa accompany H3IIpamaM. for example.aM.ecw.. ticua clear.apyxca according to cnope. you'll have to turn to the Bulgarian-English vocabulary.a.a afternoon CJIc.'1epKBll church qepllOMOpReTO the Black Sea coast garlic 'IeCTirr poQeu ~eH! happy birthday! 'leCTirro! congratulations! '1ecro often '1eTa.yem to hear . (.1DJI (pI) f.and a good few more besides. I . or. so use the two together. Some words you will fInd in the Appendix rather than in the Vocabulary. -aam ce to joke met boss mOKOmm bar of chocolate mOKOmmOB (made of) chocolate moncKa CllJIaTa 'shopska'salad mOTJI~eQ Scot mOTHII. we have attempted to list the more common word fIrst. for example. for verb patterns. obvious t1cUOlllIQo it's obvious why. human being . do not expect it to replace a good English-Bulgarian dictionary. sense 'IY~eeeu. acporapa all BCH'lKO..

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20 requests 6. 16 7. conditionals. 20 conjunctions 38IqOTO 19. passive. 16. (Aa) Koa 15 personal subject 2 KYnyBaM. .14 TpH6Ba AR 6. definite aspect 12. 15 xapeeBaM 12. (Aa) KjnJl 14 possessive short 3. 15 see also articles numerals· cardinal 2. see impersonal expressions pluralS possessive 9 superlative 10 adverbs· comparison 5. 15. 9 indefinite 1. 11 ordinal 11 participles· 11.16. 12 present perfect 18. with ce 14 prepositions· 11 pronouns· c. 13. tn Q) CQ CD MMalHHMa 1. 5 oTMBaM 14 question formation npilBJI 4 KaK2 (Aa) npeceKil13 KaKBo 2 KaKl. 19 renarrated forms 19 verbs· beginning of an action 20 AR form 6. The numbers refer you to the units. 18. 9 formation from nouns 8 neuter. 8 participles. that this index. tenses commands (imperative)· negative 12 positive 7. 2.16 nouns· address form 2. We ho~. individual verbs. 7. therefore. 14 nM 1. oaqe 16 articles definite 3. 17 relative 5 HOcJl. commands spelling· 5. CM5 Mora 6. An asterisk indicates that you will find further material in the Appendix.20 past compared with past with cM15 imperfective 17 past imperfective 17 past perfect 18 present (summary) 5. 20 imperfective 12 perfective 12 see also commands. 5. 13.13 KonKo4 KltA8 2. Hie 8 Omperative).10. HanM 4 renarrated forms· see tenses x0AJ114 reflexive 6.13 see also adjectives. 9 demonstrative 7 MMaMlHHMaM 2. c. 10 nOB8'fe. :. 5. 12 impersonal 10.2. stress 3. 9. 19 (Aa) AOMAR 14 JKMBeJi 14 3HU 5 (Aa) M36epil16 . adjectives· agreement 1 comparative 7 definite 8.20 future in the past (lqRx AR) 16 with indirect object pronouns past 12. MOJKenlMo. 14.19.an 19 passive· 11. 20 see also aspect. ate 5 direct object 11.::.::. tenses tenses· word order· future 10. 8. 12 conditionals 16.9. grammatical categories are a very use~ md to lem:nmg. need-to-know basis and we try to ~vOldgr~tical Jargon.16 K83BaM.AR 6. 15 indirect object 9. 15 individual 60nM 15 B8nM 10 (Aa) B38Ma 18 BM*A8M. 8. C :.15.B 2 pa66TJI 4 (Aa) pa36epil16 Koril2 pa36MpaM 4 KOM5. arranged according to grammatical features.EJ _. 11 indirect (reported) speech 16 negation 1. 8. 4.(Aa)AoHecil14 short form direct object 11 short form indirect object 7 o6M'taM 12 (Aa) ce 06neKil 18 see also word order (Aa) 06J1CHH 11 pronunciation· 4. will be a handy additional aid to fmding your way around the book and the Bulgarian language. 13 Koro 13 C'bM 1. 12 with ce 6. 13. CD >< •••• o Q) CQ ••• 3 3 Q) ••• Q) Although the grammatical explanations in this :ourse are ~as~ on a pragmatic. 14. 7.10. 14. M 2. 7.13 imperative: see commands impersonal expressions 10. 4. 14 gender 1 numerical pluralS plural 4. (Aa) BMAJ114 rOBopJl5 (Aa) ARM 7. 16 full forms after prepositions 6 indefinite 14 MCKaM 4.

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