Chemistry 534 – Stoichiometry

Intro to Stoichiometry The Mole
Substances are composed of particles, so to measure we can count the number of particles. BUT atoms, ions and molecules are soooo small counting each particle would be impossible! Therefore we use a term to represent a certain amount of particles:

1 MOLE = 6.02 x 1023 particles
A particle could be anything – atoms, molecules, peas or baseballs! 6.02 x 1023 is Avogadro’s number Example: • How many atoms are in 1 mole of Mg?

How many molecules are in 1 mole of CO2?

Recall: MOLAR MASS: Ex. Ex.

A general term to refer to the mass of a molecule or element measured in grams/mole. KI = (39 + 127) = 166 g/mol O2 = (2 x 16) = 32 g/mol Ex. He = 4 g/mol

Chemistry 534 – Stoichiometry

Mole Conversions
Mass of an
Element or Compound x mm

÷ 6.02 x 1023 ÷ mm

MOLES
Atoms of an Element or Molecules of a Compound

x 6.02 x 1023
We use moles to: 12-

Determine the mass of things Determine the number of things

Example – Mass or moles of element or compound What is the mass of 1 mole of H atoms?

What is the mass of 5 moles of He atoms?

What is the mass of 3 moles of NaCl?

How many moles of Ag are in 9.5 x 102 g?

How many moles of MnO2 are in 3.5 x 10-4g?

Example – Number of atoms or molecules in an element or compound How many atoms are in 3 moles of He?

How many molecules are in C12H22O11 in 3.4 x 10-3 moles?

How many moles of NaOH in 6.76 x 108 molecules?

Calculate the number of C atoms in 300g of C.

Chem 534 – Stoich.

The Mole & Concentration
Concentration is measured in molarity (M). Molarity = moles per litre Ex. Ex. & Conc =
moles litre

A solution with a concentration of 2M has 2 moles of solute per litre of solvent A salt water solution has a conc of 5M So, 5 moles of salt in 1L of water

Moles, Volume & Concentration are all related, so we can perform calculations. Ex. How many moles of NaCl are in a 100mL of 3M solution?

Ex.

How many moles of CaCl2 are in a 500mL of 1.5M solution?

Ex.

How many grams of MgBr2 are in 250mL of 0.5M solution?

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