literature Elements of Fiction

Characters
• • • • • •

Protagonist: the central figure in a drama or narrative Antagonist: opposing character that causes the initial conflict

Round: character with a complete and detailed description Flat: less important; not nearly as characterized or described
Static: stays the same; hardly ever changes Dynamic: shows change throughout the story

Setting
Setting is the time,

place, and social environment in which the story occurs.

Plot
Plot is the structure of the action of a story.

4: Crisis 3: Rising Action

5: Climax

6: Falling Action 8: Theme

1: Exposition
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

2: Conflict

7: Resolution

Exposition: gives background of characters, setting, and initial conflict Conflict: the clash between opposing forces (character vs. character, self, nature, society) Rising Action: a series of events building tension towards the climax Crisis: the moment before the climax when resolution is still not determinable Climax: the most intense or crucial moment or event when tensions reaches a peak; resolution in sight 6. Falling Action: the story examines the consequences of the climax and the tension fades. 7. Resolution: how the story’s central conflict is resolved; bringing the conflict to an end 8. Theme: the major idea or proposition intertwined throughout the entire scope of a literary work or other work of art • • • • • Point of View: perspective from which the story is told (first person, third person) Parallel Episodes: events that are happening at the same time Subplot: stories within the story that expands some aspect of the main plot, such as character, setting, or theme. Foreshadowing: technique of giving clues to coming events in narrative Flashback: technique of disrupting the chronology of a narrative by shifting to an earlier time in order to introduce information

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