You are on page 1of 4

UNIVERSIDAD AUTNOMA DEL ESTADO DE MORELOS INSTITUTO DE CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIN LEVEL: __Basic_______ TIME CLASS: _50 minutes____ TOPIC:

Regular Verbs _____________________________

OBJECTIVE: To teach students the correct pronunciation of the regular verbs in past tense.________________________________ LESSON PLAN

Stage

Task

Procedure Brief explanation of the difference between the regular and irregular verbs, regular verbs end in -ed and irregular dont. Teacher explains the different pronunciation that regular verbs have when they finish in ed and when they finish in others consonants, known as voiced or voiceless sounds. Students can check information in paper number 2. The teacher gives a piece of paper to each student with a little story written about a past situation. Some parts (the verbs) are missing and students guess what verbs they are through listening to the teacher, who has the reading completed. Students talk about what they did last weekend or last vacations. Work in pairs or trios. A list of regular verbs is presented, then students write each verb in the correct column according to their ending pronunciation: /Id/, /t/ or /d/, and finally answer some questions.

Material Whiteboard and markers.

Interaction Teacher explains students pay attention. Teacher students. Students material. Teacher talks aloud students listen. Students students. Teacher monitors conversations. Students material. Teacher monitors and helps if necessary.

Time Suggeste d 58 minutes

Aim Students watch the difference between regular and irregular verbs. To make students recognize the differences between regular verbs pronunciation and know how to recognize a verb when it has voiced or voiceless sound. Students hear the correct pronunciation of regular verbs depending of the characteristics each one has. Students put in context the knowledge and apply it with the correct pronunciation of the verbs Students put in practice what they have learned during class so that they can even improve their speaking by pronounciating the verbs.

Warm up

Explaining

Three Presentatio n different pronunciatio ns

Whiteboard, markers Paper number 2.

10 minutes

Listen and recap Practice Monday morning conversation

A piece of paper with the reading (worksheet).

8 minutes

No necessary.

12 minutes

Production

Match the columns

Worksheet.

10 12 minutes

PAPER #1 Three Different Pronunciations for Words Ending with "-ed" For English past tense pronunciation of regular verbs, the "-ed" ending has the following three distinct pronunciations: /id/ /t/ /d/ Teaching English Past Tense Pronunciation /id/ Endings Deciding when to use the /id/ pronunciation is pretty simple. The English as a Second Language student just needs to remember that this Past Tense ending is only used for verbs ending with a /t/ or /d/ sound. The learner also needs to know that this is the only ending that is pronounced with an additional syllable. Examples of /id/ Endings for Past Tense Verbs "want" becomes "wanted" and is pronounced "want/id/" (two syllables) "need" becomes "needed" and is pronounced "need/id/" (two syllables) "decide" becomes "decided" and is pronounced "decide/id/" (three syllables) "dedicate" becomes "dedicated" and is pronounced "dedicate/id/" (four syllables) Teaching English Past Tense Pronunciation /t/ and /d/ Endings A lesson plan teaching ESL students how to differentiate between past tense verbs with a /t/ ending and a /d/ ending is a bit more difficult. Many students will think that it is just a matter of memorizing which letters at the end of the word (the base form of the verb) take a /t/ and which take a /d/. This strategy will work for many verbs, but not all. The better pronunciation rule is to teach ESL students how to distinguish between voiced and unvoiced sounds. The "-ed" ending of unvoiced sounds takes on a /t/. Voiced sounds take on a /d/. Examples of /t/ Endings for Past Tense Verbs

"laugh" becomes "laughed" and is pronounced "laugh/t/" (one syllable) "walk" becomes "walked" and is pronounced "walk/t/" (one syllable) "kiss" becomes "kissed" and is pronounced "kiss/t/" (one syllable) "finish" becomes "finished" and is pronounced "finish/t/" (two syllables) Examples of /d/ Endings for Past Tense Verbs "clean" becomes "cleaned" and is pronounced "clean/d/" (one syllable) "dream" becomes "dreamed" and is pronounced "dream/d/" (one syllable; note that "dreamt" is the British English version of the past tense of "dream") "save" becomes "saved" and is pronounced "save/d/" (one syllable) "enjoy" becomes "enjoyed" and is pronounced "enjoy/d/" (two syllables) "marry" becomes "married" and is pronounced "marry/d/" (two syllables)

PAPER #2 "Voiced Sounds" Have a /d/ Ending To distinguish a voiced sound, the students determine the final sound of the base form of the verb (before adding the ed). For example, for the verb "save," "save" is the base form and the final sound is "vvvvvv." Ask the student to hold three fingers to their throat and make the sound "vvvvvv." Ask them if they feel a vibration in their throat. If there is a vibration, then the ending is pronounced as a /d/: save/d/. "Voiceless Sounds" Have a /t/ Ending To distinguish an unvoiced (or "voiceless") sound, again, the students determine the final sound of the base form of the verb (before adding the ed). For example, for the verb "miss," "miss" is the base form and the final sound is "sssssss." Ask the student to hold three fingers to their throat and make the sound "sssssss." Ask them if they feel a vibration in their throat. If there is no vibration, then the ending is pronounced as a /t/: miss/t/.

ACTIVITY: My grandfather had a very exciting life. When he was young, he war started, he

(live) on a farm in the country. His parents

(raise) cattle, and he

(look)

after the cows. When he was eighteen, he went to university, where he (try) to join the Air Force, but he

(study) Philosophy. He also

(play) the trumpet in a jazz band. When the (rip) a hole in the side of his ship,

(end) up in the Navy. In the Atlantic, a German torpedo

and the ship sank. Only five men

(escape). They

(sail) in a lifeboat back to England. Then he met my grandmother, and they (die) in the war.

(marry)

after only three weeks. He says now that he

(want) to marry her very quickly in case he