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Golden Rules for collecting Data during drive test
Golden Rules for collecting Data during drive test:
1- Choose the site under surveying to be above the clutter and repeat types of the clutter you would be looking at. 2- Anything with clutter less than 100 is not enough. 3- Make sure that the GPS surveying option is the same as the one used where the drive test is being performed. 4- Make sure that the Dautch value of the GPS is the same as the one set for the country where the drive test is being made. 5- Better collect data in the format of, Degrees: Decimal Points Degrees. 6- Every 6 degrees you move result is one point change in the whole picture the UK being the reference point at 30, To the left it increases and to the right it decreases. 7- Sampling rate, 40 Samples per 40 wavelengths. To reduce the effect of Radio fading. 8- Sampling can be in Distance and Time. Better do it in Distance especially if you are driving in traffic jams. 9- Do not drive away too much from the site. 10- Drive in to the Site passing through the clutter as well as crossing the clutter 11- Try and drive many roads close to the site unless the clutter is so important. 12- Try to avoid driving the same road twice. 13- Do not drive over a bridge or in to a tunnel inside a clutter area, otherwise take that parts of data a out of the data file collected for this clutter. 14- Make short calls and Long calls, Short calls is the average duration by customers, short calls are to know whether calls will survive the setup and the termination successfully, it also determines the setup time ... 15- Long calls are to test the hand over capabilities. 16-Adjacent channels are channels with coverage of 9db more than the serving cell. 17- The co-channel interference is interference from channels have frequency lower the serving channel. 18- For the adjacent channel you could be served from this adjacent channel but the system can not read it and it gives the name of another channel 19- The 6 neighboring cells are those who are listed in the scan list these do not mean that these are the only channels that the phone can see. 20- You have to make sure of the values you are getting out of the surveying equipment do actually make sense. 21- Know the exact power out of the antenna, ERP level, (Effective Radiation Power). 22- Everything about the antenna conditions, during the test time should be reported in the final report. 23- Weather conditions should be reported as well. 24- Know the distance and direction of any buildings blocking your way. 25- Finally, report all sorts of problems.
Here call is made to a test number and drive is done for the potential areas of the Site.4.2. for Site of configuration 6 TRX per sector the MAIO values for TRX test shall be 0. e. Dedicated Drive Dedicated drive is an important part of Drive Test. Steps for DT -6 TRXTest TRX Test is done to check whether calls originated are being handled by all the TRX's. CII Ratio. TA (Timing Advance). This is useful for making decision related to GSM antenna height. During drive being carried out one has constantly monitor parameters such as RX Level.3. Call can be originated on the BCCH or the TCH frequencies. Neighbor list. Frequency Lock Drive This is done by locking the BCCR frequency of the serving cell and performing the drive for the same cell unless the mobile enters into No Service Mode.g. Call made during the process is tracked by the MAIO number displayed on the screen for all the TRX's. and orientation.Steps for DT -7 Idle Drive is performed in two fashion • Normal Drive • Frequency Lock Drive Normal Drive This is done to frame the potential area of the new site planned. RX Quality. Constant changes in these parameter are helpful for post Optimization of the site. Hopping Channel. DTX. SQI. It also helps us to get to know the important neighboring sites for which the handover has to take place. tilt.1. . Hence MAIO values will be reflected only for calls on TCH frequency and not on BCCH frequency.
i.ells. .!'« .-\mMIl' SCCHi .&(I!"cMM!~ i~.~. Inter Site Handover Inter Handover is performed to check whether handover is taking place both ways on the Site with it's adjacent neighbor. Handover is performed among all the Sectors of the Site.~Ido· ti!~~!l'~'« i's.t~B '>Widow i'hwm.:amI'l'BS:iC .t'oIj~.Steps for DT -6 Intra Site Handover Intra Handover is performed to check whether handover is taking place both ways on the Site. Handover is performed with all the defined neighbor's in the integration sheet. Handover needs to checked mandatorarily for primary neighbor.j ~ IbMe (.
This is done by browsing a web page in browser of the phone.. yt:s 2·4 :3!140:53 ~08ZZ· .. ' .8J582Z829 ... I H oocmo "''''("1r·JI'''~''''''' number [. For GPRS to be checked it is necessary to see that the handset is WAP.Steps for DT -5 GPRS (General Packet Radio System) This is performed to check whether GPRS is working on the Site.llocatlonlride~ Ofh.. Steps for DT -4 MOCandMTC Given are parameter need to be checked while performing MOC and MTC RX Level (-47 dbm to -riodbm) RX Quality (0 to 7) SQI (20 to 30) HSN (Hopping Sequence Number) (0 to 63) MAIO Hopping Frequency Cj I Ratio (>15 dbm) Cj A Ratio (>12 dbm) DTX .:50 ..50872£ 1800 84·4 Packet POCH YE:S IMotlll(fA. 0·. h:.. 40492 nO:j. . GPRS enabled.
For EFR 30. BER is a measure for the voice quality in network.8 % which corresponds to RxQual of max. 7. and decreases the overall interference level on the radio channels affecting the capacity of the network. It is computed on basis of BER and FER.5 s intervals.64 in step size of 4. It is indication of voice quality in network ·BERActual: Ratio of the number of bit errors to the total number of bits transmitted in a given time interval.17 are respectively ideal values. ·RL Timeout Counter (Cur) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. which is important for MSs. E. Range of RxQual 0 -7. SQI is the best criterion to use. From BS. Range of -30 dBm to -rrodbm. ·SQI : SQI is a more sophisticated measure which is dedicated to reflecting the quality of the speech (as opposed to radio environment conditions). it shows .g. Value of 0 means MS in radius of 550mt.g.Definition of Radio Parametersr ·RxLev: Receiving level in terms of dBm that mobile is receiving from the site. • •DTX : Discontinuous transmission (DTX) is a mechanism allowing the radio transmitter to be switched off during speech pauses. To airtel. FR 21 & HR . E. Depending on BER RxQual is measured. It should be atleast > 9 . This feature reduces the power consumption of the transmitter. ·MS Power Control Level: Displays range of power control from 0 to 8 depending upon network design. 2 dBm less acc. BER 0 to 0. ·FER: Frame Erasure Rate it represents the percentage of frames being dropped due to high number of non-corrected bit errors in the frame. ·TA: Value that the base station calculates from access bursts and sends to the mobile station (MS) enabling the MS to advance the timing of its transmissions to the BS so as to compensate for propagation delay. Max. •RxQual : Quality of voice which is measured on basis of BER. This means that when optimizing the speech quality in your network. Range of 4 .2 % corresponds to RxQual o. ·C/I : The carrier-over-interference ratio is the ratio between the signal strength of the current serving cell and the signal strength of undesired (interfering) signal components. SQI is updated at 0. BER countable and useful is up to 12. 0 means no power control and 1 means level that is defined by operator viz.
CGI (Cell Global Identity) consists ifMCC+NCC+LAC+CI BCCH Frequency BSIC GSMBand 14::j<::A'J:~'iJ y~'S.Time: It is system time of computer. for instance whether handover is disabled or multiband reporting enabled. 24.64 in step size of 4.T08 $0811 Idle nDefinitions: 1.' 494 ~2 -. Steps for DT -3 CPC (Cell Parameter Check) Given are the parameters that need to be checked while performing CPC. it shows current value of RLT. ·MS Behavior Modified: This window shows current settings for the mobile station. Range of 4 . Normally 16. 1800 849 ~-~ 5087.current value of RLT. .. 20. ·RL Timeout Counter (MAX) : This parameter define the maximum value of the radio link counter expressed in SACCH blocks. When it reaches zero it results in normal DROP Call. Decrease by 1 but increase by 2.
g. of TRX. Values are Yes or No. of freq. MA List for hopping of that sector.63.7) & Base Station Color Code (BCC) (0 .MNC.63 random hopping sequences. Band mobile is operating e. Steps for DT -2 Following is the procedure and parameters that need to checked while performing Drive Test for a New Site. Like BCCH j SDCCHj8 + SACCHjC8 or CBCH j TCHjF +FACCHjF +SACCHjF. Cipher by ASj2.CI.g. viz.CGI : It stands for the Cell Global Identity which is unique for every sector of the site. -Sub Channel Number: It is displayed at a time when mobile is on dedicated mode at time of call setup when it is getting SDCCH at that time it shows which SDCCH it is getting out of 8 available. ·BSIC (Base Station Identity Code) : It is combination of Network Color Code (NCC) (0 . •Ciphering Algorithm: It shows ciphering algorithm used by the system to protect data for privacy.65535 -Cell GPRS Support: Tells sector is having GPRS or not. ·BCCH ARFCN: It tells by which BCCH is the mobile station getting served. call is going on. It is decoded by mobile on every Sync. 2 . -Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO): It is the number which tells from which freq. •Hopping Frequencies: It displays no. time slot no. E. Values are Yes or No. 0 for Cyclic Hopping. -Channel Type: Type of channel mobile is getting now.g. MCC: Mobile Country Code 0 .Cell name: It displays the name of the sector which is serving according to the cellfile that is loaded in TEMS. on which mobile is allowed to hop. -Channel Mode: Shows mode of coding like Speech Full Rate of Half Rate . e.a. -Time slot: On which time slot of current TCH call is going on.7). It consists of MCC. 1. E. o means sector will start from first freq. •Speech Codec: It shows FR for Full Rate.999 MNC: Mobile Network Code 0 . to hop .99 LAC : Location Area Code 0 -65535 CI: Cell Identity 0 .LAC. 0. Viz. 62. from given MA list for sector hopping has to be started. • CPC (Cell Parameter Check) . •Hopping Sequence Number (HSN) : Indicates sequence in which frequencies are allowed to hop from the MA List. Idle. ·TCH ARFCN: On which Traffic Freq. Channel Message. ·Mode: It is shows in which state is mobile operating.g. -Band : It tells in which Freq. HR for Half Rate & EFR for Enhanced Full Rate . GSM 900/ 1800. •Hopping Channel: It shows that current sector is having hopping feature or not. E.g. 3. Dedicated & Packet.
Frequency Plan Verification Frequency Plan can be verified from the NOC (Network Operating Centre) for BCCH and TCH frequencies being implemented as per the Site Integration Sheet sent to NOC (Network Operating Centre). Steps for DT For My Junior RF Engineer brothers Steps followed to perform Drive Test • Physical Verification • Alarm Checking • Frequency Plan Verification • Hardware Configuration Verification . Power measurement for each TRX.Prepaid to Postpaid) • SMS (Short Messaging Service) • GPRS • Intra Site Handover • Inter Site Handover • TRXTest • Idle Drive (Normal Drive & Frequency Lock Drive) • Dedicated Drive Steps for DT -1 Physical Verification Physical Verification is carried out by verifying physical parameter of the New Site with the TSSR (Technical Site Survey Report) such as Address. and these needs to checked before Drive is being carried out for the Site. VSWR checking. Alarm Verification Alarms are generated mainly due to number of reasons. Antenna Type. Building Height. BTS Type.• MOC (Mobile Originated Calls) • MTC (Mobile Terminated Calls . Orientation. Tilt. Long. Antenna Height. TRX Configuration. Hardware Configuration Verification Hardware verification is performed to know the Site type. Lat. Alarms are checked from the NOC (Network Operating Centre) and if found needs to be verified before drive being carried out.
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