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F10HW07

# F10HW07

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Published by: hiugupta on Sep 14, 2011

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12/11/2013

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# 1

1.1

Problem 4.1

hrge Cq Cq

r a a a a

q  q 

=P =P =P =P 

' =P  Q=P

H

ql;m

aqal

£ a =P; ' a HA C Yl;m @ a =P; ' a =PA £ £ £  Yl;m@ a =P; ' a A   Yl;m@ a =P; ' a Q=PA
s P
l m

¢

£ Yl;m @

aqa @ IA
s

@Pl C IA@l C mA3 R i( m)(0) i( m)(=2) i( m)() i( m)(3=2) S  m :H e e os@=PA  | {z } C e {z }   | {z }   e {z } Pl | | R@l   mA3 1 i ( i) ( 1)
m m m

Q  

aqal
s

@Pl C IA@l C mA3 I C @ iAm   @ IAm   im  Pl m @HA R@l   mA3 H @Pl C IA@l C mA3  m Pl @HA R@l   mA3 P   Pi@ IA(m 1)=2
r @

aqal
l

even m odd
m

a IX
q1;1

£ a  q1; 1 a  qa

Q @I   iA P

l

a QX

I Q U £ q3;1 a  q3; 1 a qa3 @P   PiA     P a qa3  @I   iA I  IP R r r   IPTH I QS I £ q3;3 a  q3; 3 a qa3 @P C PiA   @ ISA a qa3 @I C iA  UPH  R
1.2

r

U   

r

hrge r  ' Cq a H H  Pq H H H q a  H I

P ql. ' a HAS 5 a qal s @Pl C IA@l   mA3 R@l C mA3 4 im(0) m eim(0) m | | {z } Pl @os@HAA C e {z } Pl @os@ AA 1 1 a qal @Pl C IA@l   mA3 m Pl @IA C Plm @ IA R@l C mA3 m feuse we hve zumuthl symmetryD only the Pl0 @IA a ID Pl0 @ IA a @ IAl X r ql.m s :  H £ @' a HA C a Y £ @ a H.m £ a q Ral Yl. ' a HA   PH Y  a H. m a H a qal R H l odd y m Ta H a qal l a PX q2.m a H terms surviveF xoting tht tht £ @Pl C IA ¢ I C @ IAl R @ r @Pl C IA P l even.0 a HF he formul we otined for neessrily zeroAF 1.m @.0 r a qa 2 S  l a RX q4.m Pl C I rl+1 l=0 m= l P .m l Q l.  l l.m xote tht q0.3 is only vlid for l Ta H @H0 is not iqution RFI in tksonX ¨@~ A a x R"0 I I l   R Yl. 'A ql.m @ a .0 r a qa4 W  ql.

m from prt X ¨@~ A a x a a R"0 R"0 I I I  l=1 R Rl C I R Rl C I 2 qa2l r I  l=1 2 qa2l Y2l. 'A r2l+1 3 q (4l+1) 0 r P2l @os A @Rl C IA 4 @Rl C IA R R 3 I q  2l P2l @os A a R"0 r2l+1 l=1 r2l+1 he lowestEorder @l a IA term isX ¨@~ A a x in the xEy plneD  a =PX q a2 R"0 r3  ¡ I  Q os2    I C : : : P q a2 V"0 r3  ¨x-y @~ A a   x pigure IX 1.4 ¨a R"0 I p q 2 r Ca 2 C R"0 Q I p q r 2 Ca 2 I   R" Pq r 0 .0 @.ustituting in ql.

pigure PX he two plots hve the sme generl shpeF e don9t expet them to e identil sine the rst gure represents  rough pproximtionF 2 2.7 xoteX reneD @~A eomesX r sin2  a I   os2  a @~A r P 0 P 0 P0 @os A   P2 @os A Q Q @IA a ¡ I P 2  r   0 0 r e P0 @os A   P2 @os A TR Q R .1 Problem 4.

0 a   S ¡ T3 l a P WT  b X H otherwise peillyD I q0. P terms surviveF feuse   P0 @xA2 dx a P nd r @Pl C IA R P rH4+l e r ei(0)' drH d'H ¢ 0 @   l 2 5 aH laP  I r0 =0 '0 =0 rH4+l e r drH d'H a P 0  I r0 =0 rH4+l e r drH d'H 0 a P @l C SA a P@l C RA3 where wple ommnd int(r^(4+l)*exp(-r).m @H .infinity). ws used to evlute the lst integrlF husD V r bR3 laH I I` p ql. 'H ArHl I P rH2 e r0  P 0 @os H A P 0 @os H A¡ rH2 sin H drH d@os H Ad'H a Yl.iqution RFQ in tksonX ql.m @H .m 2 0 TR Q  ¡ £ I 0   0 0 a rH4+l e r P0 @os H A P2 @os H A Yl.r=0.0 a P q2. 'H AdrH d@os H Ad'H WT 3 2s  ¡ I @Pl C IA@l mA3 m 0   0 0 a P @os Aeim' drH d@os H Ad'H rH4+l e r P0 @os H A P2 @os H A WT R@l C mA3 l s    0 ¡ I @Pl C IA@l mA3 0 0 a rH4+l e r eim' Plm @os A P0 @os H A P2 @os H A drH d os@H Ad'H WT R@l C mA3 s    0 ¡ I @Pl C IA@l mA3 0 0 rH4+l e r eim' Plm @os A P0 @os H A P2 @os H A drH d@os H Ad'H a WT R@l C mA3 a                  fy orthogonlityD only the  2 P2 @xA2 dx a 5 X I ql.m a WT he integrl evlutes toX  2 m a HD l a H..0 r I S  a  T  r S .m £ Yl. 'H ArHl @~ H Ad3 xH x !  £ @H .

~H A nd eqution @IA for @~H AX r r r ¨@~A a r R"0 I   l r< l l+1 r> P @os H AP @os A l l I P H2  r r e @P0 @os H A   P2 @os H AA rH2 drH d@os Ad' TR Q 0 ! fy orthogonlityD only the l a H.m Pl C I rl+1 l=0 m= l 2 r 3 Y0.0 @.m @. 'A ql.lugging this into eqution RFI in tksonX ¨@~ A a x a a a R"0 I I I l   R Yl. 'A r3 3 ¡   | Q os2    I 2P2 (cos  ) ¡ } {z ¨@~ A a x 2.0 @. 'A I R R C R"0  r R"0 S 2 r 3 r 2 r I P I 2  T r 3 S  p P" r  0 I T   R" r R" r 0 0 I I P I 3    S"Tr 0 3 S I  P  S  Q os2    I Y2.2 Q   P" r R" r 0 0 I 3 P2 @os A feuse we hve no onduting surfesD the qreen funtion is simplyX GD a j~   ~Hj a r r I  rl < l l+1 r> Pl @os H APl @os A @PA xote tht we hve zimuthl symmetry due to hving no surfesF e only need to onsider the rst integrl in eqution IFRR in tkson @sine we hve no surfesAX  I @~H AGD @~. P terms surviveF I ¨@~A a r P @os A QVR2 "0 l  l+1 r> l r<  2 P0 @xA2 dx a P nd P2 @xA2 dx a 5 X  P rH4 e r drH d' ¢ 0 @   2 5 aH laP l T . ~H Ad3 rH r r r ¨@~A a r R"0 lugging in eqution @PA for GD @~.

he integrl evlutes toX  2  '0 =0 r0 =0  I I rl l r< H4  r H < H4  r H d' a P r e dr r e dr l+1 l+1 0 0 r> a P a @  r0 =0 r r> P rl+1 r0 =0  r rHl H4  r0 H r e dr C P rl+1 0  I 0 r0 =0 1 rHl+4 e r drH C Prl 1 r  =r I rHl+1 rl rH4 e r drH 0 0 r 0 =r rH3 l e r drH l a  P e r @r C Tr C IV C PRr  A   PRr    IH e r @r C Tr C PRr C UPr  C IRRr  2 2 1 aH 2 C IRRr 3 A   IRRr 3  l a P lugging this k into ¨@~AX r ¨@~A a   r C ¡ £ P0 @os A ¢  r   2 e r C Tr C IV C PRr 1 PRr 1 WT"0 ¡ P2 @os A ¢  r   2 e r C Tr C PRr C UPr 1 C IRRr 2 C IRRr 3 WT"0     IRRr  3 £ por smll rD this redues toX ¨@~A a r R"0 I I r2   P @os A R IPH 2 ! U .

z I ! where we hve used the denition of the qudrupole moment tensor @eqution RFW in tksonAF ine we re given tht Qi.3 xer the nuleus ¨ is s we found t the end of prt  multiplied y the eletron hrge eF he intertion energy is found using eqution RFPI in tksonX W a a a a a a  @~A¨@~Ad3 r r r  I r2 @~A r   IPH P2@os A d3r R" R  0  I I 3 @~Ad r   r r2 P @os A@~Ad3 r r IT"0  RVH"0  2 ! ¡ I I  I 2 3 2 Q os    I @~Ad3 r r @~Ad r   r r IT"0 RVH2 "0 P 3   2 I I Q r2 os2   r2 @~Ad3 r r @~Ad3 r   r | {z } IT"0 WTH2 "0 z2     2 ¡ I I @~Ad3 r   r Qz   r2 @~Ad3 r r IT"0 | {z } WTH2 "0 | {z } e Qz.i a @e=a3 A ¡ IH 28 m3 X 0 W a W h I I e e  ¡ IH 28 m3 2 IT"0 WTH "0 a3 0 a e h  IH 28 3 I   WTH2"m 3 IT"0 0 a0  V .2.

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